serving the uc davis campus and community since 1915
volume 131, number 25
Tales of two halves
wednesday, february 22, 2012
Appeals court hears arguments surrounding affirmative action ban
Inconsistent Aggies split weekend’s games
UC Davis aims to promote diversity within legal boundaries
By MICHELLE MURPHY Aggie News Writer
On Feb. 13, the U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals listened to arguments against Proposition 209. The 16-year-old voter initiative bars racial, ethnic and gender preferences in public education, employment and contracting. The attorneys for the plaintiffs argued affirmative action is needed to increase racial diversity at the University of California’s most prestigious campuses and professional schools. Additionally, data shows the UC’s efforts to enroll diverse student populations without considering race have failed, according to The Washington Post. “What you see before you is a new form of separate and unequal going
on right before our eyes,” the plaintiffs’ attorney George Washington said to the justices. Ralph Kasarda, an attorney for the Pacific Legal Foundation representing the sponsors of Prop. 209, told the justices that the court was correct when it upheld the ban during the past two appeals. “Proposition 209 guarantees everyone’s right to be treated fairly and not be discriminated against based on skin color or gender,” Kasarda said. A circuit court ruling that overturned the affirmative action ban at the University of Michigan Law School motivated 55 UC applicants and an advocacy group to appeal Proposition 209 again. The plaintiffs of Prop. 209 suggest that the ban has lead to a de-
cline in underrepresented communities —African American, American Indian and Chicano/Latino — on public university campuses. On Feb. 21, the Supreme Court announced that they would be reexamining the use of affirmative action as a factor of admissions at public universities. According to UC data for registered undergraduates in 2010, 753 UC Davis students identified as African American, 202 identified as American Indian and 3,648 identified as Chicano/Latino. Compared with UC Davis data for Fall 2011 registered undergraduates, last fall there was a slight increase in each minority group— 769 identified as African American, 215 identified as
See AFFIRMATIVE, page 2
Kristina Geddert / Aggie
Sophomore Josh Ritchart posted a double-double in Monday’s loss to Seattle.
Men’s basketball By CAELUM SHOVE Aggie Sports Writer
The UC Davis men’s basketball team overcame a 19-point halftime deficit at Northern Arizona on Saturday night to earn its first road win of the year, beating the Lumberjacks 70-65. The team carried the momentum into Monday’s contest at Seattle University and led the Redhawks by 5 points at halftime. The Aggies couldn’t maintain the lead, though, as a first half shoulder injury to Paolo Mancasola left the team without a point guard. Regular starting point guard Tyrell Corbin was also unavailable for Monday’s contest, which the Aggies ultimately lost 59-73. Neither of the President’s day weekend games were a part of the Big West Conference schedule, and UC Davis now has an overall record of 4-23. Saturday — UC Davis 70,
Northern Arizona 60 Still in search of their first road win of the year, the Aggies traveled to Northern Arizona over the weekend to play in an ESPN Sears BracketBuster game. After a listless first half that saw UC Davis trail by 21 points with only a few minutes remaining, the Aggies came out firing in the second half. The previously stagnant UC Davis team made nine of its first 11 field goal attempts in the second half, with five of them coming from behind the arc. A layup by Harrison DuPont tied the game at 50-50 with 11:47 remaining in the contest. The game would be tied twice more, the final time at 61-61 with just under three minutes remaining. The Aggies never trailed in the final 10 minutes of the game. Head coach Jim Les said that he challenged his team’s pride at halftime following the slow start.
See BASKETBALL, page 6
News iN Brief
California Jobs Summit applications due Friday ASUCD and the Office of the Chancellor will be hosting the California Jobs Summit on March 6 at the Mondavi Center. The event will bring together students, business leaders and government leaders to discuss the current economic crisis of the state of California and the role of higher education in finding answers to this problem. “It directly impacts us, it gives us a voice to say we’re not here to be guided, we’re here to be part of the solution,” said ASUCD President Adam Thongsavat. The event will include speakers such as Chancellor Linda P.B. Katehi, Thongsavat, President and CEO of the Sacramento Area Commerce and Trade Organization Barbara Hayes, and potentially Gov. Jerry Brown. The event will also include panel discussions and break-out sessions. Discussions will center on finding solutions to current problems in California through the cooperation of business, government and education. “All of us have to be advocates. Each one of us has to advocate for those that come after us,” Thongsavat said. Two-hundred students will be chosen to take part in the event, and students can apply at asucd.ucdavis.edu. The last day to apply is Friday. — Hannah Strumwasser
Today’s weather Sunny High 73 Low 46
Irisa Tam / Aggie
Davis community and organizations vote on Measure C Parcel tax requires a two-thirds majority vote to pass By CLAIRE TAN Aggie Staff Writer
Since Feb. 6, Davis voters have been mailing in ballots for the Measure C parcel tax. Measure C would fund student programs under the Davis Joint Unified School District (DJUSD). The last day to submit a ballot is March 6 by 8 p.m. Measure C calls for a renewal of Measures Q and W, which are set to expire June 30. The measure would be initiated at the beginning of the 2012-13 school year. Currently, homeowners pay $320 a year to fund DJUSD’s yearly budget of $6.5 million. If Measure C were to pass, homeowners would continue to pay $320 and apartment owners would pay $150. The one difference from Measures Q and W is Measure C will have a five-year term
Nathan Chan / Aggie
Ballots for Measure C, which would fund student programs, were mailed See VOTE, page 6 out this month and are due for Davis residents on March 6.
City approves water rate procedure Routine study explores possible rate structures five years we’ll have an opportunity to update the study.” The goal of the study is The Davis City Council approved a to come up with a new water rate study to develop a new rate methodology based rate structure, which kicked off on projected revenue, at the Water Advisory Committee which the city council meeting on Feb. 16. would have to approve. “A rate study is a The council would then common and typiproceed with the Prop 218 cal undertaking for process for setting rates, any water utiliwhich includes sending ties,” said Assistant out notices to all properCity Manager Paul ty owners in the city and Navazio. “Legally holding a public hearyou’re only allowed ing on proposed rates. to set rates to cov “The council did go er the cost of servicthrough the prop 218 es, so the fees must process once already, be set so as to ensure but the referendum that each customer paused the process and class is paying their questioned the rate fair share. Every time method and structure,” you go in to relook at Navazio said. “The you fees, you have to council rescinded the do a rate study.” rates, formed the Water “We can only set Advisory Committee, and Irisa Tam / Aggie fees for five years at a is now walking through all astime,” said Principal Civil Engineer pects of the water project, which inDianna Jensen at the Water Advisory cludes the rate study with the goal of Committee meeting on Feb. 9. “In having recommendation from the
By EINAT GILBOA Aggie News Writer
Forecast Enjoy the warm weather while it lasts. Although it may feel 5-10 degrees warmer in the sun, I would still bring a jacket in case you find yourself in a classroom that has decided to keep the air conditioning on all winter long. Kenneth Doss, atmospheric science major Aggie Forecasting Team
High 71 Low 43
High 69 Low 43
council.” Bartle Wells Associates was hired to conduct the study, which includes analyzing cost of service, reviewing existing rate classes and structures, and submitting a draft rate model. Bartle Wells will present its findings at the committee’s meetings until a draft rate proposal is created. “We will be developing 40-year cash flow projections, exploring financing alternatives for capital projects, and estimating the impacts of various alternatives as well as providing technical expertise on ratesetting,” said Doug Dove, principal consultant for Bartle Wells. The city currently operates a twotiered rate, in which ratepayers pay a flat rate regardless of usage, and after a certain amount of units are charged at a higher rate, in order to incentivize conservation. “When you do rate studies, you figure out if it makes sense to continue tiers for very high water users, and where you set those breaks,” Navazio said. “We could look at other structures, such as water budgeting and flat
See WATER, page 2
Chuck Norris once kicked a horse in the chin. Its decendants are known today as giraffes. Amanda Nguyen
2 wednesday, february 22, 2012
daily calendar firstname.lastname@example.org
TODAY Meals With Mrak: Winston Ko 8 to 9:15 a.m. UC Davis Dining Commons Register at sac.ucdavis.edu to participate in an informal breakfast discussion with Winston Ko, dean of the division of mathematical and physical sciences in the College of Letters and Science. The breakfast is free and will be held at one of the campus dining commons.
Conversations With Writers: Eric Klinenberg 4 p.m. 126 Voorhies Eric Klinenberg, professor of sociology, public policy, and media, culture and communications at New York University, will discuss his book Going Solo: The Extraordinary Rise and Surprising Appeal of Living Alone.
Ash Wednesday Mass
Botany and Environmental Horticulture Club Meeting
Noon Memorial Union II Following mass, ashes will be distributed until 3 p.m.
6:10 to 7 p.m. Science Laboratory 3090 Help the Botany club plant seeds to give out on Picnic Day! There will be free pizza.
Citywater New Music Ensemble Concert
UC Davis Visions Info Night
3:30 p.m. 115 Music On the program are: Michael Nyman, Child’s Play; Eddie Mora, Retrato IV; Richard Cionco, Postcards and Marc Mellitts, Spam.
A Perfect Circadian Day 5:30 to 7 p.m. UC Davis Conference Center Ballroom At the California Lighting Technology Center’s second annual Don Aumann Memorial Lecture in Lighting Efficiency, this year’s guest speakers, lighting and design experts James Benya and Deborah Burnett, will deliver a fastpaced multimedia presentation examining the effects of modern lighting and light-based electronic devices on circadian rhythms. This talk will provide attendees with the tools and understanding to create a circadian-friendly, energy-efficient indoor environment.
Circle K International Meeting 6 p.m. 6 Olson Join Circle K to participate in community service and make a difference.
7 to 8 p.m. Cross Cultural Conference Room, Student Community Center Visions is a nonprofit that aims to educate and empower disadvantaged youths in South Asia. Learn how to volunteer in South Asia this summer and how you can make a difference. Pizza and drinks will be provided.
Film Screening: Only a God Can Save Us 7 to 9 p.m. 100 Hunt Martin Heidegger is considered by many to be the most profound thinker of the 20th century. In 1933, Heidegger joined the Nazi Parry and became the first Nazi director of a German university. The film Only a God Can Save Us is a critical view of Heidegger’s flirtation with Nazism and examines the elements of his philosophy which may have led him to support the National Socialist revolution.
American Red Cross Club General Meeting 7:15 p.m. 230 Wellman For more information, check out the ARCC website www.arccdavis.co.cc and Facebook page: American Red Cross Club at UC Davis.
Author Event: Michael Saler 1 to 2 p.m. The Bookstore Special Events Room, Memorial Union UC Davis history professor Michael Saler will discuss his book As If: Modern Enchantment and the Literary Prehistory of Virtual Reality. The presentation will be followed by a Q&A and book signing.
To receive placement in the AGGIE DAILY CALENDAR, e-mail email@example.com or stop by 25 Lower Freeborn by noon the day prior to your event. Due to space constraints, all event descriptions are subject to editing, and priority will be given to events that are free of charge and geared toward the campus community.
number of potential mechanisms used by DNA binding proteins. “Other DNA binding proteins carry out searches for specific DNA sequences using a hopping mechanism, while others can ‘sit down’ and slide on the DNA,” Knight said. “Recombination is a very important process for all living creatures,” said Ryan Jensen, an assistant professor at Yale University who was not involved in the current study. “It’s absolutely essential for life as we know it by repairing lethal DNA damage and generating genetic diversity.” Jensen previously worked as a postdoctoral student in Kowalczykowski’s lab at UC Davis with Forget. Forget expects that the current work with the RecA protein will lead to future studies involving the more complex process in human cells, which involves the Rad51 protein. “This experimental design could be utilized to probe the activity of Rad51 and its various poorly understood ‘helper’ proteins to see how they contribute to making the process more efficient,” said Forget. The current study by Forget and Kowalczykowski was published in the scientific journal Nature on Feb. 16, 2012.
Cont. from page 4 Forget, during an important turning point in the study, noticed something unexpected while reviewing the data. “Some of the single molecules that I usually disregarded looked interesting,” Forget said . “I noticed that these DNA molecules actually had nucleoprotein filaments (RecA/ damaged DNA complexes) stuck to them. I discovered that the intact template DNA had to be ‘relaxed,’ not stretched out, for the nucleoprotein filaments to interact with it.” Forget explained that when the target double strand DNA is relaxed, or “curled up,” in a three-dimensional way, then the nucleoprotein filaments, made up of single strand DNA and RecA, can contact it in two or more places at a time. This interaction leads to the single strand DNA finding the stretch of matching DNA on the target (template) strand onto which it can align completely to finish the repair process. The RecA protein uses this three-dimensional search process to ensure that the correct sequences of DNA can come together — a process that is called recombination. The RecA-protein search BRIAN RILEY can be reached at science@ process is only one of a theaggie.org.
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something of a campus fixture, it’s worth asking how students are internalizing their presence. One possibility is that the everyday sight will Rajiv function to desensitize Narayan students from occupation. The psychology of desensitization is most often applied to violent video games: by seeing violence so often, our emotional response is mitigated, the accompanying physical reaction less and less pronounced. This could capn the Jan. 26 issue of ture the occupation reThe Aggie, my felsponse as well. The first low columnist Jordan time you walk by the folks Carroll commented on at U.S. Bank, the occupathe method of occupation tion might elicit from you at U.S. Bank, explaining a charged response. After that the point of direct ac- all, it’s not everyday that tion “is not a form of outyou see students sitting in reach or a publicity stunt.” front of a campus bank. That’s important, because But when you see students it makes clear the primasitting everyday in front of ry intention of the occua campus bank, you nopation is not tice less to serve as and care Because of its central location, less. Take spectacle. But intenthe desenthousands of students are tions don’t walking by the direct action ... sitization keep prointo the test from bereal world, coming one. and we have produced a Even when I’m not in demographic of adults inagreement with camtimately familiar with and pus protests, occupaunaffected by protesters. tions and other direct ac Another possibility is tion, what I can appreciate that ongoing protests beis the conversation startcome a new normal for ed by virtue of their presstudents. In seeing proence. When Occupy Wall test everyday, we become Street began in earnest, it comfortable with the was easy to get away with spectacle of direct action. having neither knowlWhat this means is that it edge nor opinion on the becomes an expected fixissue. I would argue that ture in the environment. this held true even when When students graduate the Occupy movement ex- and enter a working envitended into satellite occu- ronment, where occupapations in Sacramento. It’s tions are more likely coneasy to shrug off marches sidered to be occupationand rallies and sit-ins and al hazards, that expectablockades when they’re a tion can lead a new hire 20-minute car ride away. to question the power dy When the pepper spray- namics as they play out ing and its ensuing rally el- in the professional envievated direct action to cen- ronment. Maybe this is ter stage on our campus, it what is meant when folks became less easy to shrug say college teaches us not off the marches and ralwhat, but how to think. lies and sit-ins and teach If either is the case, ins. This was especially the some might argue that the case when protests directinherently specter-ladenly clashed with the priviness of direct action neleged conveniences of stu- cessitates a kind of PR. I’m dent life in a college town. not so sure that attemptToday, you’d be harding to frame the reception pressed to find a single stu- of onlookers would make dent without an opinion much a difference. That on the local protests. protests are local and visi In the most recent ble in the first place is the form of direct action, stu- crucial point here. What dents are sitting in front students take away from of U.S. Bank, rooted to the that, whether they inquire ground in order to shut what’s going on, stage a down the institution and counter-protest, join in what it represents on the the action or awkwardly campus. Because of its walk around occupiers as central location, thouif they weren’t human besands of students are ings — it’s their reaction. walking by the direct acAs is said in media studies: tion, and each is forming if you’re watching, it’s for an impression of protest you. that will color the foundation of their relationship If you’re reading this, it’s for you. You can to social change. Because tell RAJIV NARAYAN why at rrnarayan@ occupations have become ucdavis.edu.
what’s the deal? One consequence is a no-brainer: at some point, the toilet looks more attractive than your date. But even if you can hold your Theresa stomach, other aspects of Richardson your sex drive are changing, from impaired energy to low testosterone. As your body rids itself of alcohol, frequent urination causes dehydration, contributing to dizziness and making lubrication more difficult. In as little as a month, binge drinkou are at a party, beer ing can also cause bad choin hand, with a multilesterol and fatty blood, intude of possibilities for creasing blood pressure and fun. While alcohol and sex decreasing blood flow, both are often on everyone’s mind of which can lower your abilin this setting, the question ity, whether you are male or is: does that drink affect your female, to perform optimally. libido? Immediate effects of When the beer goes in, binge drinking also instrange things come out. clude significantly lowered Good things, too, from cour- sex and growth hormones age to stress relief. Some also in men and women. Testobelieve it ensterone, for hances sexexample, The thing is, you will probably can remain ual performance. find better sex in half of a bottle depressed In terms in both geninstead of a whole one of nutriders for up tion, alcohol to a day or changes sex drive by affecttwo. While I recommend reing your energy, blood flow taining your hormone proand hormones. The problem duction by drinking moderis how you drink can help ately instead of chronicalor thwart your drive, both in ly, adding strength training the short and long term. to your weekly routine can Having the occasiongreatly improve overall horal drink or two a few mone production, too. times a week can actual Unfortunately, cells that ly boost your performance use these hormones, includon a nutritional level, too. ing ovarian and testicular Obviously, alcohol’s ego cells, are damaged or killed boosting effects can help by binging, some of which you achieve more pleacan be irreversible. Your sure when taken in moderbody is designed to repair itation. But what you might self, but it is not invincible. not know is that a few drinks These factors are known to over the week can further cause premature lost sexual improve it by enhancing drive and stamina. Alcohol your blood flow and health. it is not the only contribu Moderate drinking can tor, but it is a top reason for lower bad cholesterol and erectile dysfunction in colfat levels in your blood, relege males, and up to 30 ducing blood pressure and percent of females in their improving your circulation. 30s experience arousal disThis helps your circulation order. Luckily, a diet rich and sexual performance for fruits and vegetables has a future years, as high blood lot of benefits, from increaspressure and other vascular ing blood flow to repairing diseases contribute to sexthese cells. ual dysfunction. In fact, up Be happy to know that a to 80 percent of erectile dys- diet rich in antioxidants, like function is caused by physvitamin A, can repair some ical reasons, in people both of these damages. Ironically, young and old. To improve red wine is also high in antiblood flow, you can also have oxidants. And vitamin A can more water, fiber and fewer be found in sweet potatoes, animal fats. carrots, leafy greens and The thing is, you will prob- cantaloupe. ably find better sex in half of In the words of a bottle instead of a whole Shakespeare, alcohol “proone. If you drink a lot in one vokes the desire but inhibits sitting, you may qualify as a the performance.” So I recbinge drinker. And, unforommend a glass of sometunately, binge drinking can thing to ease the tension and decrease libido, both today even boost your blood flow, and tomorrow. but don’t overdo it. I person Binge drinking is the con- ally take pride in my endursumption of four to five ance –– I can go hours withdrinks or more in one day, out touching a drop. two or more times per month. If this fits your proTHERESA RICHARDSON is bringing you the file, you are in good compalatest research to keep your college waistline ny. About one third of coland health in check. Feel free to contact her at lege students binge drink. So firstname.lastname@example.org.
Alcohol and libido
AFFIRMATIVE Cont. from front page American Indian and 3,946 identified as Chicano/Latino, which made up 3 percent, 1 percent and 16 percent of the undergraduate populace, respectively. However, the percentages of these minority groups are still low compared to the overall enrollment. In a 2003 report, “Undergraduate Access to the University of California After the Elimination of Race Conscious Policies,” it states that the University of California system has seen substantial declines in the proportion of entering students who are African American, American Indian and Latino, since the adoption of Prop. 209. In an e-mail interview, University of California Office of the President media specialist Shelly Meron said that in the years since the 2003 report there has been some progress in the enrollment of underrepresented minorities. “The increases for some groups within UC as a whole are the result of an overall increase in the number of students admitted/enrolled at UC campuses,” she said. “If, for example, 1,000 more students are admitted/en-
water Cont. from front page rates.” Though not the sole cause for the study, the surface water project would have a large impact on the revenue the new rates would be
rolled systemwide, some of those students will be underrepresented students, and so their number grows as the overall number of students grows. But their proportion/percentage of the total remains smaller than we would like it to be, and Proposition 209 has made increasing the proportions of underrepresented minority students more difficult.” As a result, programs have been created at UC Davis and other UC campuses to help underrepresented communities. At UC Davis, the Facilities and Campus Enhancement Initiative was passed in response to Prop. 209 in 1998. Then in 1999, the Student Recruitment and Retention Center (SRRC) was created. “The students on this campus voted to have the center a few years after Prop. 209,” said Mayra Llamas, program consultant with the SRRC. “It took the students a couple years to realize what impact [Prop. 209] had made, and therefore to say we need to do something about this.” The SRRC works to promote higher education in the region and teach students of underrepresented groups how to utilize resources on campus to succeed academically. Even though the SRRC doesn’t contribute to admissions, they do aim to
required to generate. Part of the study will be examining alternative sources of financing for the project. “The only funding sources that could lessen what needs to come out of rate revenues is if by the luck of the draw we’re able to access some state and fed-
demystify the college application process for underrepresented communities. Additionally, the SRRC works to provide resources to students who think they can’t afford or can’t get into college, Llamas said. With Prop. 209, UC Davis cannot take race or ethnicity into account for admissions. However, Associate Executive Vice Chancellor for Campus Community Relations Rahim Reed, said that UC Davis is committed to maintaining diversity on campus. “The University of California Davis remains committed to try to recruit and retain a very diverse group of students reflective of the very diversity throughout the state of California,” he said. “...We have found that we can still be committed to admitting a very diverse group of students and still be in compliance with Prop. 209.” With the increase in the use of social media and other outreach efforts, UC Davis aims to broaden the range of applicants. “Because the state is very diverse, in reaching a broader group of people it is likely that we will have cultivated more diversity in those who apply for admission into UC Davis and the UC system as a whole,” Reed said. MICHELLE MURPHY can be reached at campus@theaggie. org.
eral grants,” Navazio said. “But those are not easily obtained, and there’s not a lot of grant money out there for this type of work.” Financing options other than grants include utility revenue bonds, which are repaid through rate reve-
nues, and low interest loans through the state and federal government. The study is scheduled for completion by May 24, when it will be presented to the council. EINAT GILBOA can be reached city@ theaggie.org.
classifieds The Greener Side
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Housing Misc. Dreaming of country living with a home business? Highly visible island property in Puget Sound available on Whidbey Island’s main highway. Small acreage, large trees, sunny meadow, shop and home. $137,500 www.whidbeywalks.com/myplace
Apt. for Rent Room in Apartment. Partially furnished. J and Covell. $460/mo. Beautiful surroundings. Female preferred (530)383-1711
House for Rent East Davis, Clemson and Baywood, four bedroom, close to Nugget, bus line. Two baths, family room, living room, kitchen w/dining area, and new stove, microwave, dishwasher, two car garage. No pets, rent $2175/mo lawn service email sjoseph@ucdavis. edu
Room in Apt. Furnished room for rent. $550/m. Share PG&E. Male preferred. (530) 979-6664
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Employment Sports Medicine & Rehabilitation Internship Hands-on experience career development UCD Athletic Training staff accepting applications from dedicated individuals interested in becoming Student Athletic Trainers. Apply at Athletic Training Facility, Hickey Gym (752-0647) or Pavilion (752-7515) http://ucdavisaggies. cstv.com/school-bio/ucda-ath-train.html Deadline March 2, 2012.
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Employment, contd. Recreation Programs (Sports Camps and Childcare)-$8.00-$11.75/hr, dep on position. Temp, extra help. For complete information, send SASE to HR, 1110 W. Capitol Ave, W., Sacto, CA 95691 or visit www.cityofwestsacramento.org. FFD:5:00 p.m., 2/24/2012 or until 75 applic rec’d whichever occurs first. This recruitment may close without notice. Recreation Customer Service (Temp, Extra Help) for City of West Sacramento. $8.00-$11.75/hr DOQ. For complete information, send SASE to HR, 1110 W. Capitol Ave, W. Sacto, CA 95691 or visit www.cityofwestsacramento.org. FFD: 5pm, 2/24/2012 or until 75 applications received, whichever occurs first.
Swimming- City of West Sacramento. Lifeguard-Swim Instructor. $8.5010.10, dep on position. For complete information, send SASE, indicating position to HR, 1110 W. Capitol Ave, W. Sacto, CA 95691 or visit www.cityofwestsacramento.org. Open until 4/20/12 or until filled. Front Desk: $9.00 per hour. 15-30 hours per week. Afternoons, evenings, and weekends. Must be good with people. Great working conditions. Stonegate Country Club. Apply 919 Lake Blvd.
Help Wanted STUDENTPAYOUTS.COM Paid Survey Takers Needed in Davis. 100% FREE to join! Click on Surveys. Egg Donors Needed. Healthy females ages 18-30. Donate to infertile couples some of the many eggs your body disposes monthly. Compensation $6,000. Call Reproductive Solutions (818) 832-1494 donor.eggreproductive.com. Reproductive Solutions abide by all federal and state guidelines regarding egg donation as well as all ASRM guidelines.
Enter digits from 1 to 9 into the blank spaces. Every row must contain one of each digit. So must every column, as must every 3x3 square. Each Sudoku has a unique solution that can be reached logically without guessing.
4 wednesday, february 22, 2012
Lasers create 3D maps of earthquake faults 3D data used in projection room to analyze topographic changes
The california aggie
topsies, so be careful when eating. The Ancestor’s Tale by Richard Dawkins: The unfortunate fact about Richard Dawkins is that he is, to say Amy the least, a polarizing figure. Stewart What a lot of people forget is that though he is loudly critical of religion, he is actually an evolutionary biologist at heart. This book is thick, but don’t let that intimidate you; the book is a beautifully written travel back in evolutionary time, from humans to the most common ancestor of all living things. It isn’t just a list cientists have a loveof evolutionary relationships, hate relationship with however. Each ancestor rescience books meant for the general public. On the veals something about our own history and about life in one hand, making science reachable to the general pub- general. Microcosm by Carl lic is a great goal; on the othZimmer: This book is about er hand, this can sometimes E. coli — not the nauseating mean oversimplifying research or being less accurate. illness, but about the bacteria itself. Microcosm is writ It’s a delicate balancing act that not every author can ten to clear the name of this much-maligned species; deaccomplish. If a book is too technical, it will only appeal spite its reputation, its use in research has probably saved to the researchers in that many more field. I’ve lives than it read sev... this book can be a bit gruesome has sickened. eral books that seem at times when discussing autopsies, Zimmer explores why it’s promisso be careful when eating such a good ing when model organI read the ism and what summary but soon devolve into sen- we’ve learned from it. Bonk by Mary Roach: sationalism, or even worse, Although Roach is better pseudoscience. known for her best-sellers With this in mind, I’d like Stiff and Packing for Mars, to introduce a few of my favorite popular science books her book Bonk is also a pageturner. Roach explores sex in from a few different fields. a funny yet frank way. What These books serve as good happens during an orgasm? introductions for those who Why did a couple have sex don’t know much about the inside of a medical scangiven topics. If you need a ner? Has there ever been zegood nonfiction book that ro-gravity lovemaking in you don’t need for class, give space? Roach’s ability to disthese a try. cuss sometimes uncomfort Origins by Neil DeGrasse able topics with both science Tyson: Neil DeGrasse Tyson and humor is a rare talent in is probably one of the more both researchers and writers, well-known modern astronso this is a book to read when omers, from his appearancyou want a not-so-serious es on “The Colbert Report” science book. Remember not to his willingness to answer to skip the footnotes! questions from the public 50 Great Myths of Popular on websites such as Reddit. His book Origins explores the Psychology by Scott Lilienfeld: Sometimes, it can seem start of the universe and its current state with his unique like psychology is nothing more than common sense. combination of a sense of humor and awe at the beauty Lilienfeld combats this perception by debunking comof the universe. His explanation does involve physics, but monly held beliefs about psychology. For example, did you he leaves equations for the appendices, so don’t worry if know that “letting out your you don’t have a background anger” through actions like punching a punching bag or in physics. yelling loudly is not actual The Poisoner’s Handbook ly helpful? Lilienfeld explains by Deborah Blum: Half why not. crime, half chemistry is the This is not an exhaustive best way to describe this overview of all the good scibook. Blum explores the ence books. I chose these for emergence of toxicology in their ability to introduce cosProhibition-era America. If mology, chemistry, evolution, you’re looking for detailed medicine, sexuality and psychemical explanations, this chology to those unfamiliar book isn’t it; she usually just with the topics. Put these in describes the general shape your Amazon cart (or wherof the molecules involved. However, her medical expla- ever you shop) and happy reading! nations are fairly accurate and her story-telling ability is undeniable. Warning — this Do you have other science books to suggest? book can be a bit gruesome AMY STEWART can be reached at science@ at times when discussing au- theaggie.org.
Fault line across Paso Superior, Mexico.
By HUDSON LOFCHIE Aggie Science Writer
Geologists at UC Davis have a tool at their fingertips that puts everyday laser rangefinders to shame. Their technology allows them to take 100,000 range samples per second. The system is called Light Distance and Ranging, or LiDAR for short, and is being used to create hyperaccurate topography maps of post-earthquake regions. The juiced-up rangefinder is loaded on an airplane and is then flown over a region to create a three dimensional image of the land below. It is operated by a team from the National Center for Airborne Laser Mapping. “We learn a lot about earthquake faults by studying fresh quake ruptures,” said Ken Hudnut, a geophysicist with the United States Geological
courtesy of KeckCAVES
Survey (USGS). “The record of [ground] displacement is useful for assessing the hazard presented by faults.” LiDAR has been in use for nearly a decade, but up until recently, it had only been used to document a region after an earthquake. Now, it is being used to map areas both before and after an earthquake to measure exactly what changed in the topography with down-to-the-inch resolution. The system uses a series of tools to maintain accuracy even when flying 10,000 feet above an area. First, the ground coordinates are mapped with GPS, and then those same coordinates are programmed in the plane’s GPS to keep it on track. In addition, the LiDAR system itself has a gyroscope and accelerometer to correct for the plane’s pitch and roll. The LiDAR system collects a huge
amount of data, over 100 gigabytes over just a few acres, so researchers require tools that will allow them to efficiently visualize all of that data. This is when UC Davis geologists use KeckCAVES to analyze the vast amounts of data. Donated by the Keck foundation, the CAVES, or Center for Active Visualization in the Earth Sciences, is a three dimensional projection room built to explore the data collected by the LiDAR system. “There are three walls and a floor with stereoscopic displays,” said Michael Oskin, a geology professor at UC Davis. “Users wear 3D glasses and CAVES allows you to walk around inside of your data.” The system provides a far more immersive environment for analyzing data and is far superior to looking at
See LIDAR, page 6
Protein plays DNA matchmaker role UC Davis postdoctoral fellow makes important discovery
By BRIAN RILEY Aggie Science Writer
Researchers have directly observed an essential three dimensional DNA damage repair process using a special microscopy technique. Anthony L. Forget, who now works at MIT in Cambridge, Massachusetts, worked as a postdoctoral fellow with Stephen Kowalczykowski in the department of microbiology and the department of molecular and cellular biology at UC Davis to make the discovery. Single-molecule microscopy is an exciting technique created by “the merging of two scientific disciplines, physics and biology,” Forget said. “A laser beam is manipulated to form molecular tweezers that hold a single piece of DNA in place
Protein RecA wrapped around DNA.
under a microscope.” Forget and Kowalczykowski used microscopic fluorescent tags to view the cellular machinery one molecule
at a time. Forget used the technique to study DNA repair using a key protein from the E. coli bacteria called RecA. “The E. coli RecA protein is fairly easily purified,” said Kendall Knight, Forget’s former graduate advisor who is a professor at the University of Massachusetts Medical School. Knight was not involved in the current study. “It’s a well characterized protein that is ideal for these types of singlemolecule studies,” Knight said. Certain types of repair processes involve searching segments of DNA in order to find matches between two strands, Knight said . For E. coli, the RecA protein is involved in this type of repair.
See PROTEIN, page 2
Keeping babies cool
Researchers at UC Davis make progress in salmonella vaccine
Infants with brain damage benefit By ERIC C. LIPSKY Aggie Science writer
Doctors at the UC Davis Medical Center have been using a technique for helping children born with brain damage. In a deviation from past standards, infants are being cared for with cooling. Instead of being placed in the typical blankets infants are placed in after birth, they are being cooled so as to prevent further brain damage from occurring. The founder of the infant cooling program, called “Cool Babies,” is Ian Griffin, associate professor in the department of neonatology at UC Davis. “We look for babies that are depressed at birth; babies that are not interactive and don’t move much at birth,” Griffin said. Griffin said that the one of the most important effects of the cooling program is that it helps prevent the second wave of brain damage that occurs after birth. “The cooling slows down the processes of the brain,” Griffin said. “It slows the metabolism, meaning we can calm down the second wave of damage that occurs.” According to Griffin, the second wave of damage is propelled by the residual effects of the first wave of damage. The first wave of cells die due to lack of oxygen and build up of waste material; in the second wave, other cells die as a result of toxic compounds released from the cells that died in the first wave. “With the cooling, it’s just like how icing an injury helps prevent swelling,” Griffin said. In terms of how soon infants need to be cooled, Griffin said that infants need to be put in the cooling program within six hours of birth, but as soon as possible is best. “The infants are put on a cooling mattress that actively cools their temperature,”
Collaboration between UC Davis and UC Irvine identifies targets on bacteria By ALEX STANTON Aggie Science Writer
Premature babies often face daunting health problems.
Griffin said. “They stay cooled for 72 hours in temperatures ranging from 33 to 37 degrees Centigrade [91.4 to 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit], and are then re-warmed over a period of 12 hours.” Griffin said that the infants typically spend 14 to 16 days in the hospital, where doctors keep following their neurological exams. “The results are good. Maybe half of the babies will survive without significant handicap with cooling,” Griffin said. “Without the cooling, about one-third of the babies will survive without significant handicap.” Griffin said that the program is important
See BABIES, page 6
A team of researchers at UC Davis led by Stephen McSorley, in conjunction with collaborators at UC Irvine, identified antigens on salmonella bacteria. This new discovery could lead to salmonella prevention. Salmonella is a bacterial infection that is carried through food. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 400,000 cases of salmonella are reported in the United States alone. Most salmonella infections are mild. Diarrhea, fever and cramps develop within three days of initial infection. These symptoms courtesy typically persist for around a week and abate without need for medical aid. However, there do exist more severe cases of salmonella in less fortunate individuals in which the infection spreads to the blood, which is often fatal. In this regard, McSorley’s lab has been
trying to identify targets for immune attack in salmonella in hopes of being able to vaccinate. “There has been a lot of progress over the years in identification in other infectious diseases, but for some reason salmonella research seemed to be left behind,” McSorley said, “Which is terrible since many young children die of salmonella infections every year in Africa and Asia.” Currently, there exist no vaccinations for the salmonella bacterial infection. Patients whose condition necessitates medical action are treated with antiobiotics. Those who are young, elderly, have compromised immune systems, and especially those without adequate medical facilities are less likely to benefit from this treatment. Logical targets for vaccines are called antigens, which are proteins that are exposed
See VACCINE, page 6
wednesday february 22, 2012
The california Aggie
Have you been following the Republican primaries, and if so, how do you feel about the candidates? “Yes, it’s all over Spanish TV and newspapers. American Republicans are extremely conservative, and most young people in Spain have Democratic values, myself included.”
“I pity anyone who thinks that electoral politics solves any problems.” Geoffrey Wildanger art history graduate student, U.S. Bank occupier
Text by Lani Chan Photos by Shazib Haq
“Yes. When you have a system that runs openly Christian Fascists as candidates, that’s not a legitimate system. Everything Santorum stands for is a bad sign for gays, and for women, forced motherhood is enslavement.” Sunsara Taylor
linguistics major, international student from Spain
Revolutionary Communist Party tabling in the Quad
“We’re having a contest to see who’s the craziest. It would be awesome if Santorum won the nomination because nobody would vote for him.” Jacob Singer
“Yes, and they’re all insane. No one’s really happy about Romney and no one really cares about Santorum, who looks slimy. It really boils down to who is least offensive.” Kyle Braver
fifth-year political science and medieval and early modern studies double major
junior history and economics double major
“I hear people saying Mitt Romney is probably going to get nominated. I know Ron Paul has a strong supporter base, but it’s not big enough to get the candidacy.” Jessica Bruns
“Hahahahaha.” Peggy Enderle alumnus
Justin Irwin alumnus
“Republicans are ignorant — they are not strong-enough candidates to run a country, and the policies are biased.” Raymond Chiang
sophomore environmental science and policy major
“All that I’ve seen is from the Colbert Report, so I have more of the comedic view. Mitt Romney might give Obama a run for his money. The Republicans could surprise us.”
senior physics major
junior mechanical engineering major
senior political science and Spanish double major
Dining in Davis: Luigi’s New location serves affordable but unremarkable pizza, pasta By DOMINICK COSTABILE Aggie Features Writer
Luigi’s is gradually establishing itself as a convenient Italian restaurant in Davis, though the food doesn’t quite live up to other local Italian offerings. Located next to de Vere’s Irish Pub at 213 E St., the restaurant has a wide selection of pizzas, pastas, salads and sandwiches. There are two other Luigi’s locations in Sacramento. My friend and I went to Luigi’s on a Saturday afternoon. Although it seemed like a hole in the wall at first, we were incredibly surprised by its large layout, as well as by the unexpected dining area downstairs. Upon entering we could not help but notice that there weren’t any booths and all of the pizzas, pasta sauces and soups were situated behind a glass partition. This gave my friend the impression of a hipper version of a cafeteria. Luigi’s has a trendy atmosphere that doesn’t capitalize on typical Italian clichés. The restaurant’s industrially spacious inside is lined with white-tile walls, black floors, and a high ceiling displaying conduit, ventilation and cooling ducts. There is another large dining area beneath the main floor that has a stage set up for live music, and the space is also being set up to provide arcade entertainment in the near future. It wasn’t very crowded for the Saturday lunch hour as there were only two people finishing their meals and getting ready to leave. This made us question the quality of service as well as the effective use of a two-story layout. The restaurant also seems
In review: Luigi’s 213 E St. Hours: Monday through Thursday 11 a.m. to 11 p.m., Friday through Saturday 11 a.m. to 2:30 a.m., Sunday 11 a.m. to 10 p.m.
Food: Ambience: Cost: $
Key Food and ambience quality
**** *** ** *
I’m dining here every day Almost like eating at home Better than my roommate’s cooking Only if I’m starving
$$$$ chancellor $20+ $$$ professor $15-20 $$ graduate student/alum $10-15 $ undergraduate $5-10
to be figuring out the logistics of ringing up their food for customers. There are two cash registers in completely separate areas. One of them is for ordering and the other is for paying, but there are no signs that indicate how each one operates. This was not only confusing for us, but for two other customers that came in later. After we ordered our food and got our drink cups, we were a little upset to find that the sodas were flat. There were five people working in the afternoon and, besides the cook, most of them were hanging out and not being very receptive to the restaurant or the customers. It took about 20 minutes to get a slice of pizza and spaghetti. However, the portions were great for the price. The daily slice
Evan Davis / Aggie
Budget-friendly selections of pizza and pasta can be found at Luigi’s on E St. — which was one of my favorites, pepperoni and mushroom — only cost $3.45 and a large bowl of spaghetti with a fresh sweet roll was $5.45. The quality, unfortunately, did not match up with the food’s filling quantity. The pizza was overloaded with pepperoni and was more than crisp, close to being burned. The spaghetti was very simply done, tasting like something straight out of the pantry at home. However, Luigi’s is the perfect place to get the most for your buck. We spent less than $10 for two very large servings. There
either ranked or are receiving votes in the USA Today Coaches Poll. And the Aggies have just the type Cont. from page 6 of team that is typically able to pull season, leaving the team with some an upset. Dayne Quist showed how big holes to fill. dominant he could be in Friday’s Still, coach Cy Williams has main- win over Utah, and first-year coach tained that his team’s goal is a conMatt Vaughn has already shown a ference title, and with sophomore willingness to be aggressive on the Matt Hansen continuing to imbase paths — a trait that is often prove, it seems possible that UC seen in teams who pull major upDavis could put together a strong sets. weekend and repeat as conference With all of the chances to pull off champions. a shocking victory over the next few Baseball may have the best months, it looks like we could be in chance of pulling an upset simply for an exciting spring. because it will have the most opporAnd as this year has shown us, you tunities to do so. UC Davis’ schedule should never count out the Aggies. includes games against Stanford, Cal State Fullerton, Arizona, UC Irvine TREVOR CRAMER can be reached at sports@theaggie. and Fresno State — all of which are org.
are also cookies and brownies for $1.25 each. Although the cookies are not on the menu, they are nicely put on display and provide a very delicious dessert option. What makes Luigi’s unique is the fact that it does not incorporate a bar, but still serves beer on tap, as well as big portions of classic Italian food throughout the day and late into the night. Overall, Luigi’s industrial atmosphere is very spacious, offering a wide variety of music that is great to listen to while dining. The downstairs section
is a great place for live bands to play and it will be exciting to see how the space develops further. On a somewhat sour note, Luigi’s does not serve up the most delicious Italian food in Davis. However, it certainly has the most affordable and offers a diverse selection from pizzas to sandwiches. It serves very filling portions and may become the most accessible place to get a late-night bite in downtown Davis. DOMINICK COSTABILE can be reached at features@ theaggie.org.
campus CHIC. By STEPHANIE B. NGUYEN Aggie News Writer
Nadia Mulji, senior international relations major, Spanish and writing double minor The Aggie: What are you wearing? Mulji: “A scarf from Nordstrom, a Zara blazer that I actually got in Spain, Forever 21 jeans, Urban Outfitters flats and an H&M bag.” How did you decide what to wear today? “I had a presentation so I decided to put on the blazer; I’m also big on scarves.” Where do you find inspiration? “My friends — they all have great style.” What’s your advice for staying chic during the winter? “Leggings and boots! They’re super comfortable and a great way to stay warm.” STEPHANIE B. NGUYEN can be reached at email@example.com.
Jasna Hodzic / Aggie
THE BACKSTOP 6 wednesday, february 22, 2012
The california Aggie
UC Davis lacrosse wins season opener Trevor Cramer
f there’s one thing we’ve learned from the 2011-12 UC Davis sports season, it’s that you should never take anything for granted when the Aggies are involved. Whether its men’s soccer shocking multiple top-10 teams, football taking a disappointing loss to Humboldt State or women’s soccer getting a point against No. 19 UC Irvine, it has been an unpredictable few months for UC Davis sports. That is why I am dubbing 2011-12 the Year of the Upset. And never was it more apparent than this past week. The week opened with men’s basketball pulling out the improbable win over Pacific, in a game that very few could have realistically expected them to win. The team then followed that with an underdog-victory on the road against Northern Arizona — playing under very difficult conditions at an altitude of nearly 7,000 feet (almost one and a third miles) above sea-level. The most impressive upset of the week, however, occurred at La Rue Softball Field. After losing four of their first five games, UC Davis softball made a statement in their sixth, pulling an incredible upset over No. 8 Stanford. With all of these upsets, the natural question to ask is: why? The answer — teamwork. Let’s face it, few UC Davis team sports have a player that can single-handedly change a game. There’s no Jared Sullinger on the basketball court, and even dominant pitcher Alex Holmes is now part of the UC Davis coaching staff and will not be returning to the pitchers circle. Instead it becomes about taking advantage of mismatches and working together. Case in point was men’s basketball’s win over Pacific, where five players scored in double figures, and all nine of the players who saw the floor contributed defensively. In men’s soccer’s upset over No. 8 UCLA it took a combined effort from all 11 players on the field at any given moment to keep the intensity going in the overtime period. Even with pitcher Jessica Thweatt’s strong performance in Wednesday’s win over Stanford, the Aggies still needed late-game heroics on offense from JJ Wagoner and Cassandra Ginnis to lock down the victory. So if we can explain why, can we predict which team will pull the next major upset of the 2011-12 season? In my mind it’s a three-horse race between lacrosse, men’s golf and baseball. Lacrosse faces an interesting challenge this season, with a relatively young team that should improve as the season progresses. If the team plans to pull out a shocking upset it will have to be April 18 when it hosts No. 6 Stanford. The game looks like the traditional setup for a shocking win, as the match-up will be the third of four games in seven days for the Cardinal, and with a rivalry game against California just two days later, it seems plausible that Stanford could easily overlook UC Davis. For men’s golf the upset would be winning the Big West Tournament and the conference title. While the Aggies are the defending Big West champions, last year’s team leaders Austin Graham and Tyler Raber are not taking to the course this
See CRAMER, page 5
Datino scores four goals in win over Aztecs By VEENA BANSAL Aggie Sports Writer
UC Davis’ strong 18-7 victory over San Diego Sate on Sunday displayed hope for a promising season. The Aggies dominated the game from the start with three goals in the first four minutes. Elizabeth Datino tallied four goals and two assists while Hannah Mirza added a hat trick. Teammates Stephanie Guercio, Lauren Nardi, Charlotte
Morris and Allie Lehner each contributed two goals. “I am pleased with the efforts of Datino and Mirza,” said coach Elaine Jones. “They played well on the field [Sunday].” The Aggies never trailed in the contest. San Diego State nearly tied the game at 6-5. However, shortly after, Guercio hit a short-handed goal and Datino followed with a net. After almost 10 scoreless min-
Scott Boras coming to UC Davis Baseball attorney Scott Boras will be speaking at the ARC ballroom Monday at 3:30 p.m in an event titled “Negotiating the Largest Contracts in Sports History.” Boras’ current clients include Alex Rodriguez, Barry Bonds, Barry Zito and his more recent addition Prince Fielder. Due to his reputation for netting his clients the most lucrative contracts possible, Boras was named “the most influential nonplayer in the last 25 years” by Baseball America. The seminar is being presented by the UC Davis School of Law’s Entertainment and Sports Law Society. “We wanted to go after the big fish and make sure that UC Davis was known not only as a public-inter-
est school, but also a school that’s known for other things, such as sports law and entertainment law,” said CoChair of the Entertainment and Sports Law Society Scott Judson. “There’s no bigger fish in the sports world than Scott Boras.” Boras has a Northern California connection, as he was raised in Elk Grove, Calif. and played baseball in Pacific. Boras’ talk will be followed by a Q&A session. The event is free and public, but Judson expects the Ballroom to be full and RSVPs are encouraged. Those interested in attending can RSVP at surveymonkey. com/s/ucdavisscottboras. — Trevor Cramer
vote Cont. from front page because of a scheduled school board election at the five-year mark. “The measures are very specific as to what it funds,” said Parent CoChair of the Measure C Campaign Barbara Archer. “There’s an oversight committee to make sure the money is spent in which it is labeled.” Numerous organizations and over 250 people have endorsed the parcel tax. Among those are every school board member and every city councilmember. “Our schools are one of the things making living in Davis great,” said Director of the Davis Downtown Business Association Stewart Savage. “We have a quality educational program here, our students are well-taken care of and are well-educated.” The Davis Schools Foundation President Maria Ungermann said
utes, Nardi hit two goals in the 42nd and 44th minutes, pushing the lead to a 10-5 margin. Morri’s two goals in the later half solidified the Aggies’ 6-0 run. UC Davis outshot San Diego State by a 40-24 margin –– 22-11 in the first half, also successfully clearing 10 of 11 transitions. San Diego State improved from 12 turnovers in the first half to four after the break. Jones stated that the victory against the Aztecs was a “strong
Cont. from front page “We were running in mud,” Les said. “We were a step, maybe two steps slow in everything we did [in the first half]. “I challenged them a little bit. It wasn’t overly emphatic; it was just a little challenge to their pride. Give these guys a ton of credit … this was the player’s win. This was them gutting it out, not giving in, battling and going to fight to get a road win.” The Aggies shot 63.6 percent from the field in the second half and 51 percent in the game. They outscored the Lumberjacks 44-20 in the second half. DuPont led UC Davis with 19 points and was named College Sports Madness Big West Men’s Basketball Player of the Week for his performance.
VEENA BANSAL can be reached at sports@theaggie. org.
just 28.6 percent for their opponents. The strong defense and solid shooting allowed the Aggies to open up a 14-point lead after just 12 minutes of play. It would quickly fall apart for UC Davis as Seattle used a 12-minute 37-6 run that spanned both halves to turn a four-point deficit into a 56-39 lead. The Aggies could not cut Seattle’s lead to less than 14 points over the final 13 minutes of the game. One of the reasons for the Aggies’ struggles in the second half was the lack of a true point guard. Without Corbin for the game, the loss on Mancasola partway through the first half forced UC Davis players into uncomfortable positions, and the offense struggled as a result. The Aggies committed 22 turnovers in the contest and shot only 36.8 percent from the field, 25 percent from three. UC Davis was only 10-21 from the free throw line. Josh Ritchart was the leading scorer for the Aggies with 16 points. He also had 12 rebounds, recording his second career double-double.
Monday — Seattle University 73, UC Davis 59 In contrast to their performance earlier in the long weekend, the Aggies started Monday’s contest against Seattle in good form. UC Davis shot 41.9 percent from the field in the first half compared to CAELUM SHOVE can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
the organization supports K-12 public schools in Davis and essentially measures associated with the schools. “We’re a nonprofit organization, comprised of Davis parents and community,” Ungermann said. “As a nonprofit, we have endorsed Measure C, but legally, we can’t actively campaign.” Savage and Ungermann said members of the respective organizations may individually campaign. Archer said Measure C would continue funding elementary science and music, campus libraries and counseling. “Measure C will continue keeping K to 12 libraries open in Davis,” Archer said. “Some librarians are split between two sites because we don’t have enough money to fund one librarian per campus.” According to Archer, science, music and libraries are big deals for elementary schools. For junior high and high schools, staffing and
access to classes are important. “California already has the second to last ranking in terms of student to counselor ratio,” Archer said. “We rank 49th among 50 states in how many counselors serve our students.” The parcel tax will fund counselors in secondary schools, as well as give more access to core classes such as English, math, science and the like. The current opposition to Measure C is by two local residents who do not want to pay more taxes. “They’re throwing a red-herring out there that residents will have to pay more in rent,” Archer said. “I don’t believe that’s true because it’s the same amount homeowners have been paying for the past four years.” By California state law, a twothirds majority is required to pass any measure. “It’s not a simple majority,” Archer said. “But since we’re a college town, a lot of us who live and
Cont. from page 4 because it is the first time that doctors have been able to make a difference with affected infants. “Before, all we did was support, look at the events and see how it turned out,” Griffin said. According to Griffin, 58 babies have been cooled since the program’s start in June 2009. Griffin said that when they started, people were a little cautious about the program. However, within the last six to 12 months, recommendations for the cooling program have really taken off. “It has started to be picked up nationally and internationally as well,” Griffin said. “Places like Italy and the United Kingdom have started to adopt this program.” Jay Milstein, professor in the department of neonatology at UC Davis, believes the program is working wonderfully. “It’s a boost to feel like, ‘Hey we may have something that makes a difference for high-risk infants,’” Milstein said. Milstein said that the cooling program is showing encouraging results for infants with some minor brain damage. “I’m excited about it, and it isn’t that difficult to perform,” Milstein said. “So many technologies used by doctors are so high tech that the availability may be limited; that isn’t the case here with the infant cooling program.” Before this program, Milstein said that doctors would put infants in radiant warmers or incubators and keep babies at normal body temperatures. “With this program, it’s a real deviation from normal resuscitation procedures,” Milstein said. “It’s a pleasant surprise when you see babies later and they are doing well.” According to the World Health Organization, birth asphyxia — which it defines as the failure to establish breathing at birth — causes an estimated 900,000 infant deaths annually. Birth asphyxia is one of the main causes of lasting neurological damage in babies; Griffin hopes that the infant cooling program may increase the chances of many babies avoiding significant mental handicap.
Cont. from page 4 on the bacteria. These foreign proteins are noticed by a person’s immune system, which targets the bacteria for destruction. Once these antigens have been targeted, the immune system will always react to that particular protein. In addition to antigens, bacteria and other cells produce many more proteins that are not exposed as antigens. Immune systems cannot identify proteins that are not exposed. Therefore, the trouble in identifying immune system targets lies in distinguishing between antigens and other proteins. McSorley’s lab synthetically produced 2,700 proteins for testing that the salmonella produces naturally. These
ERIC C. LIPSKY can be reached at email@example.com.
conference win and provided an essential confidence win.” She joked, “Everyone wants to win their first game!” UC Davis’ next matchup is on the road against Saint Mary’s on Thursday. Jones expressed excitement for the upcoming contest, saying that the respective lineups should make for a grueling, albeit thrilling, game.
work in Davis are in the business of education, so we put education as the priority in this town.” Archer said she feels optimistic about Measure C passing. “We feel strongly that we want to preserve these programs in our school system,” she said. “Instead of having a special election at the four-year mark and be a cost to taxpayers, we’re doing it to coincide with the planned school board election.” If Measure C doesn’t pass, the programs will be axed. Archer said about 90 percent of the budget goes to teachers so about 87 teachers would also lose their jobs. “If we have good schools, we attract more families and people who are able to shop downtown,” Archer said. “We believe it benefits the whole community and you don’t need a kid in the school system for it to benefit you.” CLAIRE TAN can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
proteins were then isolated and injected into the blood of mice that had been previously infected with salmonella. These mice were then tested for a response. Since the mice’s immune systems had previously been exposed to salmonella, any protein that was exposed in the bacteria would trigger a response. When a protein caused no response, it was shown not to be an antigen. If a protein did cause a response, that means it was an antigen. These proteins can potentially be used in vaccines to prevent infections. Exposing someone to the protein without any actual bacteria will prepare an immunity without the danger of infection. According to McSorley, “the vaccine won’t contain any live organisms and should be very safe for young children.”
By these methods, the lab has identified 117 proteins that were antigens. Only a handful have been tested due to labor and monetary constraints. By identifying these antigens, the hope is that researchers in McSorley’s lab and other institutions can continue testing for good vaccines. McSorley collaborated closely with Renee Tsolis of the UC Davis Medical School due to similar interests and pertinent information. “I worked together with Dr. McSorley on this project, because we had done some work trying to define the salmonella antigens recognized by mice,” Tsolis said. “We realized that we had a common interest and decided to share our data and work together.” ALEX STANTON can be reached at science@ theaggie.org.
pre-quake data as the data will already be on hand. LiDAR maps of the post-quake region can then be overlayed on the pre-quake data to create a difference map that will show exactly how the topography changed. “Other methods are not as accurate,” Hudnut said. “LiDAR gives us an actual 3D representation of the pre- and post-earthquake landscape so we can look at the differences in very high detail.” Other institutions involved in the research are Arizona State University, Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada in Mexico, NASA, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Funding came from the National Academy of Sciences, the USGS and the Keck Foundation.
Cont. from page 4 it on a basic computer monitor. The detailed imaging is reminiscent of the Pre-Crime department in Tom Cruise’s movie Minority Report. According to a representative at Mechdyne, the manufacturer of the CAVES system, the four-walled projection system at UC Davis is one of the most elaborate they have set up and cost nearly a million dollars in hardware and software. Now that LiDAR is being used to map both pre- and post-earthquake topography, there is a project underway to create accurate maps of every active fault region. This means that geologists will not have to predict where an earthquake will occur in order to get accurate HUDSON LOFCHIE can be reached at email@example.com.