Page 1

The independent

To uncover

newspaper serving

the truth

Notre Dame, Saint Mary’s

and report

and holy cross

it accurately

Volume 54, Issue 31 | thursday, october 10, 2019 |

Attorney General to speak Barr to deliver lecture on religious freedom for Law School, Ethics and Culture Observer Staff Report

U.S. Attorney General William Barr will deliver a closed lecture to the Notre Dame Law School and de Nicola Center for Ethics and Culture at 4 p.m. Friday in the McCartan Courtroom. Barr will discuss “religious freedom,” University spokesperson Dennis Brown told the South Bend Tribune. The U.S. Department of Justice has yet to give the University further information about the talk, Brown said. The ticketed event is reserved for students, staff and faculty of the law school. Brown told the Tribune the

talk was not publicized because it is private. Barr’s visit was first announced to the law school community via email Monday. “Please do not circulate this invitation outside of the law school community, as space is extremely limited,” the University said in the email. University vice president for public affairs and communication Paul Browne said tickets were extended to Law and de Nicola students and faculty. “It was open to Law School and de Nicola Center students and faculty, who will fill the courtroom where it

Author reflects on migration

is taking place, and adjoining spaces for overf low invitees,” Browne said in an email. “There’s a waiting list in the event original ticket holders cancel.” Browne said the invitation to Barr was extended in June. “This event is co-sponsored by Notre Dame Law School and the de Nicola Center for Ethics and Culture. Invitations from either or both carry considerable weight,” he said. “Both the school and center invite a wide variety of speakers to campus each year. In this case, the attorney general was invited and accepted in June to speak on the subject

of religious liberty.” Barr has recently become a central figure in President Donald Trump’s impeachment inquiry. A Sept. 25 report from the New York Times found Trump offered to have Barr assist Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelensky in investigating a Ukrainian company involved in the FBI’s inquiry of Russian interference in the 2016 election. According to the Department of Justice, Barr never discussed the investigation with Ukrainian officials and didn’t learn until months afterward that Trump offered his help to

News Writer

As Saint Mary’s students walked around campus Wednesday they may have seen sporting violet t-shirts. On Monday, one fourth of the Saint Mary’s student body were handed t-shirts that read “One in Four” — representing the statistic



News Writer

In a lecture titled “Storming the Wall: Climate Change, Migration and Homelands Security,” award-winning journalist and author Todd Miller discussed the current environmental crisis, highlighting its impact on poorer communities across the globe and the increase in border fortification in developed


countries as a result. W hile investigating the causes of widespread displacement in Central America, Miller met a number of farmers from Honduras journeying to America because they were unable to support themselves or feed their families because of a severe drought. “I found out that it was see MIGRATION PAGE 4


Observer Staff Report

Former College President Jan Cervelli will return to Saint Mary’s to teach courses in art and environmental studies in the spring of 2020. The announcement comes several months after Cervelli filed a civil lawsuit against Saint Mary’s, alleging members of the College’s Board of Trustees pressured her to resign and did not honor her settlement agreement Donna Fischman, director of see CERVELLI PAGE 4

BAVO, Campus Ministry host vigil against violence By JOHANNAH WARD

Journalist Todd Miller discusses the potential impacts of the environmental crisis on poorer communities throughout the world.


Cervelli to teach at SMC

that one in four college women have been or will be effected by sexual violence in their lifetime. On Wednesday, Belles Against Violence Office (BAVO) and Saint Mary’s Campus Ministry held a Belles for Healing Vigil in support of survivors of sexual violence. The prayer service featured reflections, music and prayer. As students gathered on Alumnae

Green, the director of Campus Ministry, Regina Wilson, and BAVO student representatives invited students to stand, gave opening remarks and led the group in song. Wilson said it was important for the Saint Mary’s community to gather in support of those effected by sexual see VIGIL PAGE 4

Lecturer discusses filtering pornography By AARON PARK News Writer

Donna Rice Hughes, founder of non-profit organization Enough is Enough, identified pornography as a public health crisis during a lecture to members of the Notre Dame community Wednesday night as part of White Ribbon Against Pornography Week. Hughes’ presentation was co-sponsored by Students for ChildOriented Policy (SCOP), the


Mendoza College of Business, the Gender Relations Center, Campus Ministry, the DeNicola Center for Ethics and Culture, the Clare Boothe Luce Center for Conservative Women and the Knights of Columbus. It also covered child pornography and her organization’s efforts to convince Starbucks and McDonald’s to implement pornography filters on company Wi-Fi networks. Hughes focused on both the individual and societal


implications of porn use. She said, individually, porn is an addictive product that could create symptoms such as erectile dysfunction and an unhealthy perception of sex. Societally, Hughes said pornography promoted violence toward and the objectification of women. She also said an increase in demand for fetish pornography was driving an increase in human trafficking to meet that demand. see FILTER PAGE 3




The observer | thursday, october 10, 2019 |

Question of the Day:

Have a question you want answered? Email

Who is the most influential person in your life?

P.O. Box 779, Notre Dame, IN 46556 024 South Dining Hall, Notre Dame, IN 46556 Editor-in-Chief Kelli Smith Managing Editor Charlotte Edmonds Asst. Managing Editor: Maria Leontaras Asst. Managing Editor: Mary Steurer Asst. Managing Editor: Natalie Weber Notre Dame News Editor: Tom Naatz Saint Mary’s News Editor: Maeve Filbin Viewpoint Editor: Evelyn Stein Sports Editor: Connor Mulvena Scene Editor: Mike Donovan Photo Editor: Anna Mason Graphics Editor: Diane Park Social Media Editor: Mary Bernard Advertising Manager: Landry Kempf Ad Design Manager: Ruby Le Systems Administrator: Mike Dugan Office Manager & General Info

Carl Aframe

Mary Brandt

freshman Morrissey Manor

senior Opus Hall


“Taylor Swift.”

Emma Ackerley

Yufei Zhang

freshman Badin Hall

senior Le Mans Hall

“My parents.”

“My mom.”

Lauren McGovern

Charlie Prince

senior Opus Hall

freshman Morrissey Manor

“Sr. Carmel C.S.C..”

“My dad.”

Ph: (574) 631-7471 Fax: (574) 631-6927 Advertising

(574) 631-6900 Editor-in-Chief

(574) 631-4542 Managing Editor

(574) 631-4542 Assistant Managing Editors

(574) 631-4541,, Business Office

(574) 631-5313 Notre Dame News Desk

(574) 631-5323 Saint Mary’s News Desk

(574) 631-5323 Viewpoint Desk

(574) 631-5303 Sports Desk

(574) 631-4543 Scene Desk

(574) 631-4540 Photo Desk

(574) 631-8767 Systems & Web Administrators Policies The Observer is the independent, daily newspaper published in print and online by the students of the University of Notre Dame du Lac, Saint Mary’s College and Holy Cross College. Editorial content, including advertisements, is not governed by policies of the administration of either institution. The Observer reserves the right to refuse advertisements based on content. The news is reported as accurately and objectively as possible. Unsigned editorials represent the opinion of the majority of the Editor-in-Chief, Managing Editor, Assistant Managing Editors and department editors. Commentaries, letters and columns present the views of the authors and not necessarily those of The Observer. Viewpoint space is available to all readers. The free expression of all opinions through letters is encouraged. Letters to the Editor must be signed and must include contact information. Questions regarding Observer policies should be directed to Editor-in-Chief Kelli Smith. Post Office Information The Observer (USPS 599 2-4000) is published Monday through Friday except during exam and vacation periods. A subscription to The Observer is $130 for one academic year; $75 for one semester. The Observer is published at: 024 South Dining Hall Notre Dame, IN 46556-0779 Periodical postage paid at Notre Dame and additional mailing offices POSTMASTER Send address corrections to: The Observer P.O. Box 779 024 South Dining hall Notre Dame, IN 46556-077


On Sept. 28, 2019, the Notre Dame cheerleading team joins the crowd in singing the Alma Mater after Notre Dame’s 35-20 victory against Virginia at Notre Dame Stadium. The Irish defeated Bowling Green the following week. The team will play USC Saturday.

All reproduction rights are reserved.

Today’s Staff News


Tom Naatz Theresa Olohan Chelsey Boyle

Colin Capece Charlotte Edmonds



Christina Interino

Charlie Kenney



Allison Thornton

Nelisha Silvai

Corrections The Observer regards itself as a professional publication and strives for the highest standards of journalism at all times. We do, however, recognize that we will make mistakes. If we have made a mistake, please contact us at (574) 631-4541 so we can correct our error.

The next Five days:

Want your event included here? Email






Free Professional Headshots Snite Museum 2 p.m. - 4 p.m. Open to graduate and post-doc students.

Concert: “A Musical Evening” Leighton Concert Hall 8:30 p.m. - 9:30 p.m. The Notre Dame Symphony Orchestra.

Lecture: “Saturdays with the Saints” Geddes Hall 10:30 a.m. - 11:30 a.m. A Notre Dame tradition.

Performance: Merz Trio O’Neill Hall of Music 2 p.m. - 4 p.m. Pianist, violinist and cellist ensemble.

Academic Job Search Series Duncan Student Center 2 p.m. - 3:15 p.m. Interview practice.

“Get the Scoop from Grad Students” 512 Duncan Student Center 5:30 p.m. - 7 p.m. Mingle and learn.

Football, Civil Rights and Doing Justice 1130 Eck Hall of Law 12:30 p.m. - 1:50 p.m. A conversation with Justice Alan Page.

Exhibit: “Looking at the Stars” Snite Museum of Art All day Featuring a wide collection of Irish art.

The Fornes Festival DeBartolo Performing Art Center 2:30 p.m. - 4:30 p.m. Celebrates playwright María Irene Fornés.

Life Lunch with Dr. Kristin Collier Geddes Hall 12 p.m. - 1 p.m. Free lunch with registration.

News | thursday, october 10, 2019 | The Observer


Welsh Family to host Hoedown Throwdown By ALYSA GUFFEY and KAYLE LIAO News Writers

Part of South Quad will be transformed into a rustic landscape Thursday as Welsh Family Hall presents its second-annual Hoedown Throwdown. The event will take place from 5 to 7 p.m. and will feature a variety of games and food including apple cider, donuts and kettle corn. All proceeds from the Throwdown will benefit St. Marianne Cope Young Women’s Education Project, a foundation that helps women in Dhaka, Bangladesh receive higher education and enter the workforce. Sophomore Morgan McLaughlin, Welsh Family special events co-commissioner, said Welsh Family Hall wants all dorms to participate in the

event. “We have mechanical bull riding, and we’re getting a hall representative from each dorm to participate in a [mechanical bull riding] competition,” she said. “So we’re kind of getting all the halls excited and involved, and then we have a trophy and a gift card for the final winner.” Entrance into the event is $5, and with an additional donation of $3, attendees can ride the mechanical bull. Junior Maegan Rose Dolan, Welsh Family Hall president, said the success of last year’s Throwdown has motivated the dorm to establish the festival as an annual event. “This was a new event for our dorm last year, and it was the brainchild of our president last year,” Dolan said. “It actually won best new event on campus

last year, so we’re excited to see it flourish again this year.” In hopes of attracting more students to the Throwdown, student-led country line dancing will be an addition to this year’s activities. McLaughlin said she hopes the Hoedown Throwdown will become Welsh Family’s signature dorm event. “Obviously, every dorm wants to have a signature event that’s really successful and lots of people know about it, so we’re every year trying to slowly build that up and create a name for ourselves through this event, while also helping a really great cause,” she said.  The mission of St. Marianne Cope Women’s Young Women’s Education Project resonates with Welsh Family Hall residents, McLaughlin said.

“It’s just something that we’re all super passionate about, since we are able to go to Notre Dame as women, too,” McLaughlin said. “We’re super grateful for this opportunity and we’re trying to help other women across the world have the same opportunity to pursue their own education and professional degrees.” Last year, Welsh Family raised about $2,500 for St. Marianne Cope Women’s Project, Dolan said. Dolan expressed her hope that this year’s Throwdown will be even more successful.  “I think we are really just trying to aim higher this year, and just keep increasing,” Dolan said. “We’re just hoping to make an impact.” McLaughlin said preparations for the Throwdown have strengthened the sense of community in Welsh Family Hall.

“I know lots of people in my committee are super excited about doing the chalk outside the dining hall or handing out posters,” she said. “All the different committees and just people in the dorm in general who aren’t on hall council either are planning to go to the event or want to help in some way.” To its residents, the Welsh Family Hall community is like a real family, freshman resident Cassie Kronenberger said. “I just really love how everybody puts 100% of their effort into Welsh Fam,” Kronenberger said. “Everyone wants [Welsh Family Hall] to have a positive impact on the Notre Dame campus.” Contact Alysa Guffey at and Kayle Liao at


Senators meet with GRC administrator By JACK JERIT News Writer

The Notre Dame student senate met Wednesday with Sara Agostinelli, Gender Relations Center (GRC) assistant director for LGBTQ initiatives and administration, to discuss programming and allyship for LGBTQ History Month. “Coming up next Tuesday, we’re offering ‘LGBTQ 101,’” Agostinelli said. “This is a great opportunity if you would like to learn more — we talk about information here at Notre Dame, we talk about Catholic Social Teaching and how we spread allyship in a Catholic model.” Agostinelli also discussed how the GRC will be

bringing in a Catholic deacon to speak about the transgender community. “We are bringing in Deacon Ray Dever,” she said. “Deacon Ray is a Catholic deacon in Florida, who has a transgender daughter and has done specific ministry around transgender ministry and care. He will be talking about what that looks like and … sharing his story of walking with his daughter.” Additionally, the GRC will also be hosting Fall Fest on Halloween in the Fieldhouse Mall. When asked by the senate the best way to be an ally, Agostinelli pointed to the GreeNDot method of using “distracting, delegating and directing” skills to combat

adversity. “I think what the beauty of being an ally is that education of yourself is a really great thing,” she said. “I think GreeNDot is a really beautiful tool that is great for violence prevention, but it’s really great for any instance where maybe someone feels harmed. It doesn’t have to just be violence prevention, but we can think about whether that’s racism, if something happens, whether if someone feels upset or harmed — any reason.” After the meeting with Agostinelli concluded, student union parliamentarian Thomas Davis, a sophomore, proposed organizing a meeting with senators to draft a statement from the senate on

all of the recent changes to residential life — including the new ID card access policy, which restricts students card from swiping into dorms that are not their own. “A bunch of senators have come to me about housing policy, or the ID card transparency request,” Davis said. “Because time is scarce, I’m going to try to have a group session for office hours if you guys want to meet with me to work together and craft those statements.” After the meeting, Davis said he hoped the senate would be able to take tangible action to put into writing student disagreement witwh the newly announced policies. “All the voices of all the halls,

whether it was the newer halls, the older halls or even different levels, classes, whether it be just the sophomores, or the Hall Presidents Council, or even some of the senators who are seniors,” Davis said. “It’s no lie that at a lot of senate meetings, we talk about things, we discuss things, but at some points it’s just like hot air, and it doesn’t really matter until we actually draft these statements which we have the power to do. … I think that’s the best way of getting all the things we’ve been talking about on paper in a concise format that really addresses the main grievances.”


smart move for major organizations. We, as the future leaders of businesses and organizations, should be dialed into these developments.” Hughes also said the proliferation of child pornography was a pandemic, referencing statistics that indicated law enforcement was overwhelmed with the volume of child pornography on the internet. She outlined a plan for businesses to participate in addressing the crisis by eliminating sites where predators could access the internet and view or distribute child pornography. Hughes emphasized the importance of working with business leaders to affect these policies. She characterized the problem as a matter of aligning businesses’ policies and practices with pre-existing business ethos. Before her involvement with Enough is Enough, Hughes was known for her involvement in presidential candidate Senator Gary Hart’s (D-CO) “Monkey Business” scandal in which the

senator and then-presidential candidate was caught in an extramarital affair. She said that experience, as well as her sexual assault as a young woman, had shaped her advocacy and she felt the issue was personal. “I know what it’s like to be sexually exploited,” Hughes said. “I know what it’s like to be sold down the river. A lot of the things we’re dealing with, I know firsthand what it’s like.” Hughes expressed support for Notre Dame students who are pushing for Notre Dame to install a pornography filter on school Wi-Fi. “Young people are struggling, even young people whose faith is important to them,” Hughes said. “Why make it harder for them to live out their beliefs and maintain sexual integrity? Why not do what you can to help them and not allow stuff that you know is going to put them at potential risk.”

Contact Jack Jerit at

Paid Advertisement

Continued from page 1

Part of the presentation included a video depicting testimonials from teens negatively affected by porn. Hughes described how Enough is Enough worked both publicly and behind-the-scenes with McDonald’s and Starbucks to help the companies implement filters against pornography on franchise Wi-Fi networks. She also said installing these filters helped the companies to filter out other kinds of web traffic such as hate speech and terrorism. SCOP co-president, junior Ellie Gardey said filtering pornography makes sense for businesses. “‘The Business Case for Filtering Pornography’ highlights the broad coalition of business and social institutions mobilizing to address the harms of pornography,” Gardey said in an email. “Filtering pornography is not only an ethical move, it is a

Contact Aaron Park at



The observer | thursday, october 10, 2019 |

Vigil Continued from page 1

violence. “It’s an opportunity to come together and, since we’re a faithbased institution, to express our hope that there is hope for everyone and to pray in solidarity with all those who have suffered — and to stand together as a vision, as a community in prayer and solidarity,” she said. Wilson said the vigil allowed the Saint Mary‘s student body to lift up violence survivors in prayer. “Anytime people gather for prayer, I hope it gives comfort,” she said. “I hope it gives language to people’s feelings of confusion or their feelings of feeling alone. When we’re all here, we’re a sign that we are not alone, even when we feel a deep loneliness.” Between songs, students read the poem “Still I Rise” by Maya Angelou and passages of scripture on healing. Students were invited to write the names of survivors, messages of hope or their personal stories on slips of dissolvable paper and to place them in water. Students also lit candles and observed a moment of silence.  Assistant director of campus ministry Liz Palmer said she hopes students walked away from the event with “a spirit of solidarity.” “Life is one of relationships and one where we should all support and be with one another,” Palmer said. Senior Courtney Driscoll, BAVO Student Advisory Committee (SAC) member and co-chair for the events and campaigns committee, explained BAVO is led primarily by Student Advisory Committees, each with two cochairs who lead a group of 10 to 15 allies.  “Liz Coulston recently joined BAVO as the new director. With my experience working for BAVO the last three years, we could not ask for a better director,” she said. “Liz is everything Saint Mary’s needs.

She is punctual, creative and displays all-around leadership.” Driscoll said the vigil was organized in the hope of creating an inclusive space for the Saint Mary’s community to unite and promote a message of hope and healing for those affected by sexual violence. “I aim to create unique visual campaigns,” Driscoll said. “I believe through this — making students more aware and supporting them — will cultivate a safer environment and potentially lower sexual violence in our campus community.” Junior Katelyn Edwards, a committee ally entering her first year working for BAVO, said the event was an emotional and inspiring experience for her. “It supplied students with a safe space to let go and heal from whatever they have been affected by,” she said. “It allowed the community to support them in a silent and respectful way. I look forward to working with BAVO this next year and help plan the events to come.” “It’s an opportunity to come together and, since we’re a faithbased institution, to express our hope that there is hope for everyone and to pray in solidarity with all those who have suffered — and to stand together as a vision, as a community in prayer and solidarity,” she said. Wilson said the vigil allowed the Saint Mary‘s student body to lift up violence survivors in prayer. “Anytime people gather for prayer, I hope it gives comfort,” she said. “I hope it gives language to people’s feelings of confusion or their feelings of feeling alone. When we’re all here, we’re a sign that we are not alone, even when we feel a deep loneliness.” Between songs, students read the poem “Still I Rise” by Maya Angelou and passages of scripture on healing. Students were invited to write the names of survivors, messages of hope or their personal stories on slips of dissolvable paper and to place them in water.

Students also lit candles and observed a moment of silence. Assistant director of campus ministry Liz Palmer said she hopes students walked away from the event with “a spirit of solidarity.” “Life is one of relationships and one where we should all support and be with one another,” Palmer said. Senior Courtney Driscoll, BAVO Student Advisory Committee (SAC) member and co-chair for the events and campaigns committee, explained BAVO is led primarily by Student Advisory Committees, each with two cochairs who lead a group of 10 to 15 allies.  “Liz Coulston recently joined BAVO as the new director. With my experience working for BAVO the last three years, we could not ask for a better director,” she said. “Liz is everything Saint Mary’s needs. She is punctual, creative and displays all-around leadership.” Driscoll said the vigil was organized in the hope of creating an inclusive space for the Saint Mary’s community to unite and promote a message of hope and healing for those affected by sexual violence. “I aim to create unique visual campaigns,” Driscoll said. “I believe through this — making students more aware and supporting them — will cultivate a safer environment and potentially lower sexual violence in our campus community.”  Junior Katelyn Edwards, a committee ally entering her first year working for BAVO, said the event was an emotional and inspiring experience for her. “It supplied students with a safe space to let go and heal from whatever they have been affected by,” she said. “It allowed the community to support them in a silent and respectful way. I look forward to working with BAVO this next year and help plan the events to come.” Contact Johannah Ward at

Barr Continued from page 1

Zelensky. Barr asked foreign officials for assistance in a Department of Justice investigation intended to “discredit” U.S. intelligence agencies’ findings on Russia’s election interference, the Washington Post also reported on Sept. 30. On Oct. 2, Barr participated in a panel at Wichita State University where he “hailed Kansas and Wichita-area law enforcement … but would not answer questions about

Migration Continued from page 1

indeed a calamity of very high proportions,” he said. “In Honduras alone, the government recognized over 400,000 people who were in a food crisis.” Many of these people chose to emigrate, Miller said. “They told me that they left Honduras because there was no rain, no harvest, no food and, thus, a crisis,” he said. Miller said if the Earth continues to warm, staggering numbers of people will migrate to developed nations to an unprecedented extent. However, with this mass exodus there will be nowhere for people to emigrate. “There’s no climate refugee status,” Miller said. “If you look at the international definition of refugee, that is not included nor are the people who are suffering economic distress or economic violence.” Miller said this trend will continue to accelerate, and the countries working to fortify their borders most aggressively are also the countries that have the greatest amount of greenhouse gas emissions worldwide. “The United States has more carbon emissions since 1900,

Paid Advertisement

Cervelli Continued from page 1

integrated communications, stated Cervelli has always been a tenured professor and will be fulfilling those duties in the spring semester. “Cervelli has been a tenured professor since she joined the College,” Fischman said. “Last fall, she resigned from her position as president but retained her tenure status. She is scheduled to teach art and environmental studies courses in the spring semester.” Kathy Reddy, a source close to Cervelli, confirmed her professorship with the College in September and said Cervelli had started negotiating in August to teach courses during the spring semester. Posters advertising Cervelli’s course “Introduction to Environmental Design” were posted around campus Wednesday. The posters encourage students to email Cervelli at if they have questions about the course.

President Trump and impeachment inquiries on Capitol Hill,” according to the Wichita Eagle. Approximately 30 people protested outside the building where he spoke, the Eagle reported. Browne said protests of Barr’s visit would not be unusual, as other high profile political visitors to campus have been protested in the past. “Protests are not uncommon when a public figure speaks on a college campus,” he said. “There were protests when President Obama and Vice President Pence were Notre Dame commencement speakers.”

700 times more than Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras combined,” Miller said. Although he focused on the impact of climate problems for his book, “Storming the Wall,” Miller said if he catalogued all of the different initiatives across the world working to combat issues of climate change, displacement, borders and immigration, he could have written a much bigger book. “The climate strikes in the past week or so are very much bringing to the forefront of public awareness [this issue], along with Greta Thunberg standing in front of the United Nations and saying, ‘We are inheriting what you gave us and insisting that things have to change.’” Miller said. Miller expressed his unwillingness to accept today’s reality for tomorrow’s future. “When you’re thinking about the past, certain things have been set into motion,” Miller said. “But is the future of borders and displacement and climate change — is this an inevitable reality? Probably certain dimensions of it are, but it could change.” Contact Serena Zacharias at


The observer | thursday, october 10, 2019 |


New Zealand film director and producer Peter Jackson is best known for his work on the fantastical “Lord of the Rings” trilogy and its three prequel films concerning “The Hobbit,” but his most recent project is anything but otherworldly. It has been theorized by literary scholars that the fantasy of Middle-earth present in Jackson’s early “Lord of the Rings” films originated as a result of author J.R.R. Tolkien needing an escape from his experience as a first lieutenant in France during World War I. It is perhaps his intimacy with Tolkien and his work that inspired Jackson’s recent foray into the subject of the war. Jackson’s debut documentary, titled “They Shall Not Grow Old” and recently released to the public on Amazon Prime, retells the story of the Great War through an innovative restoration of film footage captured during the war’s progress. Colorized, stabilized and filled with sound, this reworking of British archival footage feels immediate and intimate in its final form. Unlike most documentaries, the film is without a narrator; instead the words of British servicemen who fought in the unprecedented war overlay the footage and tell the story for themselves. The soldiers’ firsthand experiences and chilling narrations make “They Shall Not Grow Old” a documentary of memory as much as it is a chronicling of British participation in WWI. If nothing else, the technological ambition of the documentary makes it a worthwhile watch. Every frame of the


It all began with Patti Smith. In 1975, Smith released her debut album “Horses,” the spark that ignited the punk explosion. Due to her political insight, simplistic song structures and sophisticated beat poetry, it presented something that resembled the sounds of the past fused with modernity and uniqueness that had never been heard before. Her powerful spoken-word poetry is not the only thing that made her punk — it is also the fact that she is a woman. During this time, music remained a male-dominated industry, but she abruptly and successfully infiltrated the unjust music world with her undeniable self-confidence. Smith is the godmother of “riot grrrl” punk. The term “riot grrrl” first appeared in fan-zines that circulated the underground punk scene and among various feminist communities in the Pacific Northwest in the 90s. If you are unaware of what a zine is, it is a circulated self-publication of various texts and art forms. It is common to see zines that are a collection of collated photocopies of physical prints. Nevertheless, the term “riot grrrl” is seen as the catalyst for the formation of many feminist groups, which encouraged activism through the forms of performance, art and discussion. The

two hour-long film is original footage, but thanks to the editor’s manipulation of the dated material, it never feels dry or out of reach. The most exciting use of contemporary cinematic technology to enrich this footage is the addition of sound effects and voice acting manufactured to match the film’s visual cues. Explosions, gunfire, shouts and laughter of servicemen soar into the theatre, intensifying the story being told on-screen and forcing the audience out of their roles as voyeurs, into the World War beside the soldiers. This is not the jerky, silent, monochromatic film typically associated with WWI but a technicolor, explosion-filled sensory overload, unlike any historical footage seen before. What is most striking about “They Shall Not Grow Old,” however, is not its impressive technological restoration or historical significance, but rather the incredible humanity it brings to a conflict that ended over a century ago. The faces and voices of these long-gone soldiers are brought out from behind the distancing mask of technological obsoletion and thrust vividly onto the screen. The film is — for all its preoccupation with restoration — immersive and surprisingly emotional, giving the audience a genuine look into the experience of a soldier in the trenches and on the battlefield. The documentary is at times brutally violent and difficult to watch, but throughout the grim narrative, there are moments of reprieve: a grinning man eating jam toast in a trench, a young soldier switching hats with a captured German, a man in uniform playing an empty beer bottle like a guitar and another repeatedly hitting his friend over the helmet with a fallen branch. These scenes of ordinary,

trivial happiness are startlingly recognizable to contemporary audiences and ultimately reveal the soldiers of World War I for what they truly were: terrified boys of 17 or 18 without a clue about what lay ahead. Maybe the only drawback of this haunting documentary is the breadth of its subject matter. Though the film makes an admirable attempt at spanning the experience from enlistment to post-war civilian life, there is simply too much historical and emotional ground to cover without rushing significant and potentially moving moments. Despite this result of what is most likely nothing more than over ambition, “They Shall Not Grow Old” is a powerful and groundbreaking documentary about one of the most harrowing periods of human history. While the film may not be possessed by the same fantasy as hobbits and all-powerful rings, the magic of “They Shall Not Grow Old” is in the portal it opens into history and its uncanny ability to bring the past to life.

scene provided a safe space for all women not only to talk about sensitive topics like sexual identity and rape culture, but also inspired action against obvious misog yny and sexism. Musically, “riot grrrl” is raw punk — pure, undeniable punk rock. Smith’s style is considered punk rock, and she is the embodiment of “riot grrrl,” but the musical movement didn’t officially begin until the formation of Bikini Kill in October of 1990 in Olympia, Washington. The group’s goal was then, and still is, to reclaim “girlhood.” Kathleen Hanna’s authentically raspy voice and confrontational stage presence brought further attention to important feminist issues through the power of music. Hanna became famous for bringing all the women in the audience to the front of the stage and promoting girls-only mosh pits at Bikini Kill shows to provide a sanctuary from the male-dominated facets of the punk scene. The “riot grrrl” movement still holds true today. Bands like The Regrettes, Kuromi and Tacocat continuing to preserve and shape the future of “riot grrrl” punk and, thank God, because the world sure needs some young, powerful females in charge. Something to note: The “riot grrrl” movement, which is closely associated with the punk

movement, is often see as aggressive and intimidating, but that is not entirely true. Being passionate about something can often be seen as “aggressive,” but that’s the nature of passion. Being passionate about something fuels action, and it is a fire that drives change. “Riot grrrl” punk is powered by that desire: equality, justice and self-expression. In regard to self-expression, one of the biggest misconceptions is that you need to look like a “riot grrrl” punk to be a punk. If there was a guideline on how to dress, then it wouldn’t be punk at all. Wear whatever makes you feel beautifully powerful — other people’s opinions are worthless. No woman should be afraid to speak their mind and achieve justice for what they think is right. To all the women reading this, no one is allowed to tell you how to act, think or dress. It’s your life, your body and your opinions. Stand by your convictions, speak up for beliefs and act on your intuitions. Long story short, girls open up the mosh pit, be undeniably self-confident and unleash your inner “riot grrrl.” If you would like to hear more, check out Scene’s ‘Riot Grrrl’ playlist on Spotify or take a look at the website for Scene writer Willoughby Thom’s zine.

Contact Caroline Lezny at

“They Shall Not Grow Old” Peter Jackson Studio: Warner Bros. Pictures If you like: “Lord of the Rings,” “World War II in Color”

Contact Willoughby Thom at CRISTINA INTERIANO | The Observer


The observer | thursday, October 10, 2019 |

Burning questions

Inside Column

The truth about twins Tom Naatz Notre Dame News Editor

I read Allison Thornton’s column with great interest yesterday. I sympathized deeply with her plight. But take it from me, Allison — when you’re an actual, real-life twin, the questions are a whole lot dumber. I consider myself somewhat of a twin expert. Not only because my sister, Sarah, followed me out of the womb, but also because my initials are TWN and my first name, “Thomas,” is the biblical word for “the twin.” Here’s some twin wisdom. Take notes, world. Right off the bat, there is one point from Allison’s column I’d like to clarify. Twins — gasp — don’t have to look alike. There are two types of twins in the world: fraternal and identical. Fraternal twins arise when two separate eggs are fertilized and are far more common. Identical twins come about when a fertilized egg splits one more time before developing. Accordingly, fraternal twins aren’t genetically any different from “normal” siblings, and, as a result, don’t necessarily look any more alike than you and your little brother. Identical twins look exactly alike, but that’s because they have basically the same body due to the fact that they are genetic clones. A related point: Boy/girl twins cannot, under any circumstances, be identical. I’ll let you read the last sentence of the previous paragraph and work out the biological reasons for this impossibility. Nevertheless, people — up to and including a nurse, purportedly an expert on the human body, who was processing paperwork at a doctor’s office — excitedly ask Sarah and I, “OH MY GOD! ARE YOU GUYS IDENTICAL?” and then protest, “But you kind of look alike!” when we respond in the negative. If you have to ask, the answer is probably “no” anyway, but once you consider X and Y chromosomes the question takes on a farcical quality. Next, there is no cosmic force uniting me to my sister. You may have just laughed at that sentence, but the only people I’m laughing at are those who earnestly ask me, “If I pinch you, will she feel it?” Answer — nope. We’re twins, not each other’s Horcrux. It’s not like when one of us trips and falls the other develops the exact same wound I-mustnot-tell-lies style. Therefore, unlike me, she does not have a lightning bolt scar above her eye because she was a much less clumsy toddler than I was, and she never ran smack into a bookshelf. (Too many “Harry Potter” references?) Finally, I am not a psychic, and neither is Sarah. The next time you ask me, “Quick! What’s your twin thinking right now?” I’m going to judge you really hard. Because I don’t know what Sarah is thinking right now. I would have no way of knowing what Sarah is thinking right now. I don’t know why I would. If I had to guess, she’s probably thinking about dinner — because this sentence hit the page at 5:52 p.m. — or perhaps a midterm, because ‘tis the season at virtually every American college. I could write a multi-volume book of twin misconceptions. Twins really are an understudied issue. You’d think a world that built the pyramids and put a man on the moon would have learned by now that men and women cannot be physically identical or that there is no logical reason someone would be able to physically experience someone else’s pain. Then again, we also live in a world without South Dining Hall grilled cheese. Existence is confusing. Contact Tom at The views expressed in this Inside Column are those of the author and not necessarily those of The Observer.

Julianna Conley

is without having to sift through 18 shots of Steve Buscemi’s reaction to puppies.

In My Own Words

Last year, I wrote a “fictional” short story for my creative writing class about a freshman girl’s experience during her first year of college. In a plot twist of plot twists, that girl was me. Though turning in 12 extraordinarily detailed pages on my inner feelings and most embarrassing moments was certainly dangerous — Disney Channel’s “Read It and Weep,” anyone? — the exercise was valuable in one regard. During workshop, other students would analyze my protagonist, unknowingly offering me a free psychoanalysis of myself from an outsider perspective. Some comments were kind: “I want to be this girl’s friend.” (I want to be your friend too, Caroline from writing class!) Some were necessary wake up calls: “Why does she keep pretending to drink the tea her roommate brews her? This girl is wasting a lot of Lipton. She needs to just toughen up and explain she doesn’t like chamomile!” Some were harsh: “This character gives way too much information in her letters. No one would actually talk with that amount of detail in real life.” Regardless of people’s personal takes on my personality, all agreed on one detail: The protagonist asked an absurd amount of questions. A naturally inquisitive gal, my queries are constantly being quelled by the public. One time during Reconciliation, a priest told me I was only allowed to ask two questions. But keep me down no longer! I officially have a column and 1,100 words of free reign, baby. In no particular order, here are my most pressing preguntas.

Do non-California girls feel left out when they listen to Katy Perry/Beach Boys? Wisconsin women, I’m looking at you. Whenever I ask girls in my dorm this question, they laugh as if this is a silly ploy at humor. Make no mistake, this is a very serious inquiry. If I was trying to be funny, I’d have tweeted it.

How do Midwestern girls feel, always listening to musical artists sing the praises of women from other states? After all, if Katy Perry were singing about Nebraskan girls, I don’t think I could sing along with the same vigor. If the Beach Boys were saying they wish we all could be Illinois girls would I, in good faith, be able to further that message? Probably not.

Why is it that all the boys who say girls and boys can’t be friends are precisely the boys with whom girls don’t want to be friends? ‘Nuff said.

Do people plan for their phones to go off in class? I only ask because, for the sake of optimism, I choose to believe no one set their ringtone to “Cotton Eyed Joe” or “Careless Whisper” without ulterior motives. These people are akin to those who drive around with vanity plates that say SPCYDAD. I admire their confidence but am suspicious of the planning.

Why can I get free food anywhere on campus but four AAA batteries costs $6? Everyone talks about free food like it’s the holy grail, but to be honest, I’d be more psyched for some bargain school supplies. It feels like “Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs” around campus. At first, I felt like Robin Hood, stealthily slipping complimentary saltine crackers into my pockets on my way out of the dining hall. “This will show you, Dining Hall Staff! Feel my wrath, university officials!” But now we’re just a month into the semester and food is already piling up in my room. Towers of ramen are caving in. Packets of Goldfish spill into the halls. Last night I woke up in a cold sweat worrying that the 65 yogurts I got at Grab-n-Go had all gone bad. I’m going to college, but I feel like I’m stocking up for the apocalypse.

What would happen if a man used volumizing conditioner on his leg hair? None of my friends will explore this for me. If a civicminded reader would like to dedicate his body to science, please shoot me an email.

Who decided mint means fresh? As a picky eater and proud opponent of mint, I have been doomed to never achieving freshness. I would like to propose we, as a society, transition to citrus — a much tastier option and just imagine the vitamin uptake increases across the world. A win for all.

Why do we say “spring has sprung” but not “fall has fallen?” Similarly, are male fashionistas fashionistos?

Do people actually eat at Arby’s? Similarly, do non-Irish people feel weird cheering for an ethnicity that is not their own? I’d feel odd shouting “Go Confrontational Swedes!”

What exactly does discernment mean? And how is this different than deciding? I thought discernment only referred to choosing a major, but people at Notre Dame like to bust this word out on the regular. You’re not “discerning” what to have for dinner, Lindsay, you’re just choosing pizza because it tastes good. Please calm down.

Where were YOU when you found out Michael Jackson died? I don’t really need an answer to this question, but I did go through a phase where this was my go-to conversation starter. Yes, I am extremely popular.

What’s up with the gif-filled emails? Remember when you were in fifth grade and would sign your emails, “peace, love, chocolate” and spent an additional 15 minutes choosing the right font color and font highlight? But then your mom told you it was unprofessional and to just send what needs to be sent, so you stopped? Behold the mother-free maniacs of South Bend. Gifs run wild. Word art overpowers. Each missive is dotted with abbreviations, perky slang, Google images from rudimentary searches like “funny lecture memes.” I applaud the enthusiasm, but at the risk of sounding like the Grinch, I must admit, sometimes I just want to know what time the meeting

Not judging, just confused. I know a total of no people who have ever been to the joint, yet I see them everywhere. How are they staying in business? Who are the people eating there secretly? Why do they feel the need to keep this consumption covert?

When doing laundry, do gray clothes go in with the whites, colors or darks? Last week, with the confidence of a SPCYDAD, I threw them in with the whites, but it took me 10 minutes to deliberate. What is proper protocol?

Do boys feel left out from the world of twirling? I would. I don’t think men get enough recognition for the service they offer the dancing world. Being twirled or dipped is the best. When I’m dancing with my girlfriends I always feel a bit of bitterness when I dip my friend without reciprocation. But boys always spin us and never get spun. I feel sad just thinking about it. If you have some answers, send ‘em my way. If you have some questions, send those too. My friends would appreciate a new puzzle for me to hound them about over dinner. Julianna Conley loves cereal, her home state of California and the em dash. A sophomore in Pasquerilla East, if Julianna can’t be found picnicking on North Quad, she can be reached for comment at The views expressed int his column are those of the author and not necessarily those of The Observer.

The observer | thursday, october 10, 2019 |


LGBT discrimination is legal even if it’s wrong Vince Mallett Politically Ambidextrous

This past Tuesday, the Supreme Court of the United States heard oral arguments in two sessions for a total of three cases concerning the applicability of Title VII’s employment discrimination prohibition as it applies to LGBTQ employees. If the employees win in this case, federal discrimination law will cover all cases of discrimination against LGBTQ employees nationwide. In states like Indiana, with no state law covering LGBTQ employment discrimination, federal law is the only legal remedy available for workers alleging this disparate treatment. The Supreme Court’s decision, then, could determine whether thousands of LGBTQ employees can be fired for their gender identity or sexual orientation. The Court does not decide policy, however. As was pointed out multiple times at the oral arguments, that’s Congress’s role, and Congress has never opted to explicitly include sexual orientation and gender identity in discrimination protection. The closest they’ve come is outlawing discrimination “because of sex” in Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The questions(s) before the Court right now can be understood as the following: Does “because of sex” in Title VII include “because of an employee’s sexual orientation or gender identity?”  I’m willing to say it isn’t included. That isn’t to say I disagree with outlawing LGBTQ employment discrimination at the federal level; I would simply say that it isn’t currently illegal because one can discriminate based on someone’s sexual orientation without discriminating “because of sex.” To take the best argument from Jeffrey Harris, the lawyer arguing for one of the employers in these cases, imagine that you had an employee’s description in front of you and

you had to decide whether or not to fire the employee. Nothing about the employee’s name or description reveals anything about their gender, but somehow it becomes clear that they are in a same-sex relationship (It’s a stretch, but so are most lawyers’ hypotheticals.). If you fire the person because of their same-sex relationship (or the fact that they would desire such a relationship — that is, their sexual orientation), then you might not be discriminating on the basis of sex. In fact, you didn’t even know the sex of the person you fired. How can your decision then be based on their sex? The answer lies in the Court’s prior case, Price Waterhouse v. Hopkins. In that case, a woman was denied a promotion because of her perceived masculinity. The Court ruled, at risk of oversimplification for the sake of brevity, that sex-stereotyping was an illegal form of sex discrimination because it forced women and men to conform to the roles the employer believed was fit for women and men, respectively.  Now imagine, again, that you are an employer who is shown a resume of an unknown employee. You have to decide whether to fire this employee. You again do not know any information about their gender, but you do know that they “do not conform to gender stereotypes.” Is this permissible?  Under Price Waterhouse v. Hopkins, it certainly would not seem so. It would seem that this is sex discrimination even in a case where the sex of the employee is completely unknown to the employer.  What is sexual orientation discrimination if not sex stereotyping? No matter one’s views on LGBTQ issues, it is difficult to argue that “should only be attracted to women” is not a common stereotype of men, and vice versa. If stereotyping is sex discrimination, then it certainly seems that sexual orientation discrimination is as well.  Following this line of reasoning, it seems rather clear

that gender identity discrimination would be similarly situated within sex discrimination. Again, regardless of one’s views of transgender issues, one must concede that “identifies as a man” is a stereotype of people assigned male at birth. If sex stereotyping is sex discrimination, gender identity discrimination is as well. But, is sex stereotyping really sex discrimination? Certainly, harmful sex stereotyping is a problem that has plagued our society practically since we’ve had one. But is the commonly understood central holding of Price Waterhouse v. Hopkins, that discrimination based on sex stereotypes is discrimination based on sex, truly accurate? I’m not convinced. To me, discrimination based on sex has to entail a causal connection between the person’s sex and the act of discrimination. Admittedly, I do not believe this to be the legal standard commonly applied in these cases; instead, I suggest this is the most natural reading of the statute at hand. I think for someone to be fired on the basis of their sex, the employer must be in the mindset of “Because of this person’s sex, I am firing them.” Of course, no employer would ever admit to this, but disputed motives are par for the course in employment discrimination cases.  Overall, I look forward to months of speculation surrounding these cases and a set of complicated opinions in May and June which will enrage half of the nation engaged in our ongoing culture wars. There is nothing more exciting than Supreme Court season. Vince Mallett is a junior at Notre Dame majoring in philosophy with a minor in constitutional studies. He is proud to hail from Carroll Hall and northern New Jersey. Vince can be reached at or @vince_mallett on Twitter. The views expressed int his column are those of the author and not necessarily those of The Observer.

Letter to the editor

Stop talking over us I started occasionally reading The Observer after a friend joined its staff as a Viewpoint columnist this fall. While I always make sure to show my support by reading his pieces, I also tend to click through the other articles as well. As a prospective LGBT student, it’s a bit alarming to see the voices of LGBT and allied contributors being continually silenced or spoken over in the dialogue they are desperately attempting to establish. Two pieces stuck out to me: “There’s queer blood on homophobic hands,” and “There’s innocent blood on pro-choice hands.” Audrey Lindemann’s original poem strikes a chord with me, as I too grew up a queer girl in a conservative Catholic environment. I attended an all-girls Catholic school from three years to 15 years old, and it was an incredibly hostile place to be. I attempted to come out once at 13 and faced such backlash that I never dared to speak about it again. I heard girls call me a dyke in private and a freak to my face. It was something that shaped the way I viewed myself — from positive to overwhelmingly negative — and I felt shut out from the Church. I also know I’m not alone. Many other LGBT people feel the prying eyes as they hold hands and hear slurs and threats whispered under breaths. In fact, violence against LGBT people has been on the rise, with an increase of 17% in reported hate crimes in 2017 from 2016. Most notably, the Pulse shooting killed 49 and injured 53 people, making it the largest incident of violence against LGBT people in U.S. history. Lindemann’s piece was soon followed by a piece from Francine Shaft, which imitated the style of Lindemann’s original work in the context of the Roe v. Wade court case and the abortion debate in the U.S.. While I applaud Shaft for standing up for her beliefs, this is simply not the way to do it. Her piece undercuts the importance of Lindemann’s and takes the focus away from a desperately needed discourse on LGBT rights and protections.  I take great issue with this overshadowing of queer voices in what is supposed to be a thought-provoking, socially conscious publication, as well as the sheer

ignorance of the original purpose of Lindemann’s work present in Shaft’s. In Lindemann’s poem, she references the AIDS epidemic, which has since claimed nearly 675,000 lives in the U.S. alone, most of which were gay and bisexual men. Worldwide, the deaths are close to almost 32 million since the start of the epidemic in the 1980s. In Shaft’s piece, she references over 60 million abortion cases since the passing of Roe v. Wade in 1973. While this is no small number, I wonder why she chose to imitate Lindemann’s original poem without ever addressing the considerable loss of life of LGBT individuals in hate crimes, the AIDS epidemic or in suicide. Aren’t their lives just as real and legitimate as those unborn children? Were they not also innocent lives? Or did their sin make them deserving of their punishment? The rational answer is of course not. No person deserves to die for their sexual orientation — something they cannot even control. A problem of hate still remains, however, in the Catholic and Christian faiths. Westboro Baptist Church members appeared at a funeral for a gay soldier in the U.S. military to protest tolerance of gay members of the armed forces by the government. Mike Pence, the vice president of the U.S. and an outspoken Christian, was gifted an honorary degree from Notre Dame and spoke at the 2017 commencement ceremony. He also famously stated being gay was “a choice” or “at worst, learned behavior,” and has a long history of opposing protections for the LGBT community before and after his vice presidency. Religion still has a long way to go when it comes to endorsing protections for LGBT people as a minority group, and Lindemann’s piece intends to call attention to the ever-present problem of homophobia in religion and society as a whole. So, if you truly wish to be pro-life, I would like to see someone marching on the Capitol to protest lack of protections for LGBT people, the lack of attention to the high rates of suicide in LGBT people, and hate crimes against LGBT people. I want to see the same care and

attention given to these people — who are already born — that is given to these unborn children. It doesn’t end at LGBT people. I want to see someone protesting the nearly 40 million people who are currently labeled “food insecure.” I want to see pieces written about the hundreds of thousands of lives currently barely surviving on America’s streets and under its highways. I want the Right for Life protest to protest for all lives, not just the unborn ones. It is untrue to say you are pro-life when you really mean anti-abortion. Care about the quality of life, not just the number. Four and a half percent of all Americans identify along the LGBT umbrella. Four and a half percent of those 60 million unborn lives would be LGBT, or 2.7 million people. Will you protect those 2.7 million lives? Will you be there when they are cast out of their homes by homophobic parents, ostracized from their friends, killed like dogs in the street? Will you protest for their medical care when they are dying of HIV and AIDS? Will you speak up for them on the Hill? Will you show them the same compassion and love as their cis, straight counterparts? If you doubted a “yes” to any of those questions, you have no business calling yourself “pro-life.” If you actively imitate the work of an LGBT person to use it for your own agenda, you indirectly silence the dialogue she opened. If you want to speak about your opposition to abortion laws, go ahead. Write your article, but don’t imitate the work of those who are actively calling for the protection of the lives of oppressed people around you. Instead, support these creators. Read what they say. Comment on it. Start that discussion. Don’t be a ripoff, because when you do, you undermine the comparable loss of life and widespread discrimination of LGBT people in the U.S., even in your own backyard of Notre Dame, Indiana. Their lives are worth the fight, too. Elise Bourgeois Oct. 8 prospective student



The observer | thursday, october 10, 2019 |

Crossword | Will Shortz

Horoscope | Eugenia Last Happy Birthday: Look for the positive in everyone and everything. Attitude will make a difference in the way you prepare and the help you receive. Having a plan in place and a goal you want to aspire to will help deter people from meddling in your affairs. Stop procrastinating and giving in to people who are trying to control your life. Your numbers are 4, 9, 20, 28, 34, 39, 48. ARIES (March 21-April 19): Simplify your life. Consider what makes you happy and the people who bring you joy. Evaluate what you want to do and where you want to live. A change will unfold if you strategize a plan and put it in motion. TAURUS (April 20-May 20): Participate in events that will help you reunite with people from your past, including ex-colleagues, former students or distant relatives. What you find out will spark an idea that will lead to positive change. Love and romance are on the rise. GEMINI (May 21-June 20): Put more energy into what you are trying to achieve. Taking action will keep you busy and help you avoid getting into an emotional situation based on false information and accusations. Stick to the truth, and live moderately. CANCER ( June 21-July 22): Don’t overlook the obvious when trying to figure out what others are doing or what’s expected of you. Being open about the way you feel is likely to cause a ruckus with someone who doesn’t share your opinions. Romance is encouraged. LEO ( July 23-Aug. 22): Say little, and do a lot. You’ll be remembered for what you accomplish, not what you talk about doing. Look carefully at any change you want to make. It’s important to have a plan in place as well as a set budget. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22): You should know the drill by now: If you want something, it’s up to you to make it happen. Stay focused, be direct and don’t fold under pressure. Walk away from emotional and impractical situations and people. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. 22): Size up your current situation at home, and decipher whether you can make suitable changes or if you have to start from scratch. Preparing for what you want to achieve down the road is encouraged. SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. 21): Use your imagination, and make changes that will improve the way you do things, how you live or how you look. You may not please everyone, but as long as you feel good about the results you get, that’s what matters. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. 21): Think big, but live within your means. Size up what needs to be done, and approach people who have the wherewithal to help you achieve your goals. A delay or unfamiliar surrounding will cause uncertainty. When in doubt, pause. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 19): Take a different approach to an old problem, and you will find a way to fix what has been holding you back for some time. The limitations you have faced in the past are giving way to easier and less stressful situations. AQUARIUS ( Jan. 20-Feb. 18): An opening or chance to try something new and exciting will entice you. Before you take on a new project or task, look at what’s involved and how much time and money it will take. Don’t sacrifice too much. PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20): You are overdue for a change. Consider what you would like to happen and how you can make your dream come true. A partnership will make a difference in the way you live or how you handle money. Romance is encouraged. Birthday Baby: You are enthusiastic, willful and perceptive. You are intelligent and sentimental.

Sudoku | The Mepham Group

Jumble | David Hoyt and Jeff knurek

Follow us on Twitter. @ObserverSports

Work Area

Make checks payable to and mail to: The Observer P.O. Box 779 Notre Dame, IN 46556 Published Monday through Friday, The Observer is a vital source of information

Enclosed is $130 for one academic year Enclosed is $75 for one semester

on people and events in the Notre Dame, Saint Mary’s and Holy Cross coummunities.


Join the more than 13,000 readers who have found The Observer an indispensable link to the three campuses. Please complete the accompanying form and mail it today to receive The Observer in your home.

Address City State Zip

SPORTS | thursday, october 10, 2019 | The Observer


Sports Authority

NBA must stand up to China Liam Coolican Sports Writer

Sports players, coaches and managers are more than just who they are on the field. This has been shown by players like Lebron James, Colin Kapernick and Major League Soccer’s Alejandro Bedoya (who after scoring a goal in August grabbed the on-field microphone and told Congress to end gun violence), who have become influential social activists. Even coaches like Greg Poppovich and Steve Kerr have not been afraid to speak up on issues that are meaningful to them. Athletes and coaches have proven that they are not merely a cog in the machine. The major storyline of the NBA preseason has been the controversy surrounding the Asia games. The Houston Rockets are set to play the Toronto Raptors in Tokyo, and the Brooklyn Nets face the Los Angeles Lakers in Shanghai and Shenzhen (a city just north of Hong Kong). Now it seems the Nets-Lakers games, and the popularity of the NBA in China, are in jeopardy after a recent controversial tweet by Rockets general manager Daryl Morey. Morey tweeted a sincedeleted graphic that read “Fight for freedom, stand with Hong Kong,” amidst on-going protests in Hong Kong against Chinese influence. The backlash was near immediate. Rockets owner Tilman Fertitta criticized Morey publicly, and there were even reports that Morey could be fired. The NBA is hugely popular in China. Chinese superstars like Yao Ming and Jeremy Lin are obviously popular, but other players, such as Dwayne Wade, who has a lifetime shoe deal with Chinese shoe company Li-Ning, Derrick Rose and James Harden are also celebrities in China. Harden was one of the first people to publicly apologize for Morey’s comments. NBA China is worth over $4 billion, with millions more going to American companies like Nike and Under Armour for the sale of basketball merchandise. It is the NBA’s largest international market and one it is hesitant to jeopardize. However, it should be prepared to if it comes down to a choice between that and supporting the free speech of its employees. League commissioner Adam Silver has issued a statement in that regard, saying he and the league were “apologetic” about the outcome, but also saying that he supported Morey and the rest of the league’s right to free speech.

It appeared to be an attempt to appease both sides, but it has not worked. Chinese companies came down hard after this statement, with state broadcaster CCTV saying in a statement that it would no longer broadcast the preseason games, and media company Tencent, which has in recent years been responsible for live streaming NBA games to Chinese audiences, says it will suspend its ties with the NBA. According to Tencent, they averaged more than 3 million viewers per game last year, with a total audience of almost 500 million. In addition, of the 25 official partners on the NBA China website, 13 are Chinese companies. Eleven of them have already cut or suspended operations with the NBA. Obviously, the NBA should not take an official stance on this complex issue. It should, however, publicly condemn China for using its economic influence to suppress free speech in America. Members of Congress have even pushed the NBA to suspend operations entirely in China. Nets owner Joe Tsai, the Taiwanese cofounder of Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba, has also criticized Morey, calling his comments “damaging” to the efforts the NBA has made in China. While admittedly Tsai is in a unique position, being that most team owners are white men rather than people of color, his comments did not take a position and appeared to be an effort to placate Beijing and keep the Nets strong interests in China. Many around the league are doing the same thing, such as Harden and Fertitta’s public apologies. The NBA cannot cave to Chinese demands. It cannot sacrifice its supposed values for profits however tempting. It should have never apologized for Morey’s tweet and should have taken a stronger stance to defend him. The NBA is in a bad middle ground at the moment. From one side, Americans are criticizing them for not defending Morey more strongly. On the other hand, the Chinese are criticizing them for not condemning the comment and punishing Morey. The NBA needs to take a stand against China and show its employees it values them as people, not only for the money they can produce. Contact Liam Coolican at The views expressed in this Sports Authority are those of the author and not necessarily those of The Observer.

Continued from page 12

it close in the first half, but Alabama will pull away to win but not cover.

David Kramer: After outlasting Auburn at home, Florida will certainly write the next chapter of their underdog story and beat the heat in Death Valley. Look for the Gators to clinch yet another upset by winning outright. It goes without saying that Jalen Hurts continues to showcase his Heisman potential, but with Texas looming as the first true test for the Sooners star, I expect a tight matchup into the fourth quarter. Texas will pull ahead late and win outright. The Tide offers a dominant arsenal of offensive weapons this season, and the matchup in College Station presents a feeble attempt to halt their championship run. Look for Alabama to win and cover.

Dominic Gibson: With a big win over Auburn, Florida has shown they are among the top dogs this year. However, the dangerous and high octane spread offense led by Joe Burrow has proven to be the real deal in a conference that relies on power running. In front of a loud and disruptive Death Valley crowd, the Tigers will prove to be too much for the Gators. LSU wins and covers the spread. This year’s Red River Showdown will feature the top two teams in the Big 12. Both teams are coming off lackluster performances and will look to rebound. As this is a rivalry game, almost anything can happen. The 50/50 split of the crowd tends to negate home field advantage and play towards the underdog. Oklahoma is talented, led by Jalen Hurts and multiple talented receivers, but Texas matches up well with an athletic defensive line and a dual threat quarterback in Sam Ehlinger as well as a healthy Collin Johnson on the offensive side. Tom Herman is also 13-2-1 against the spread as an underdog. Texas will pull off the upset and win outright. Texas A&M has a history of struggling to pull out big upset wins against top-ranked opponents, especially in the SEC, and have struggled to win at home with a 5-11 record at Kyle Field against teams in the top 25 since 2012. The so called “12th Man” will not play a factor in this game. I expect Alabama to bottle up Kellen Mond and roll on the

offensive side of the ball with quarterback Tua Tagovailoa. Alabama will win in College Station and cover the spread.

Nate Moller: Florida is coming off a physical win against Auburn, and I think they will struggle early against LSU. LSU will control the game from the start, but the final score will be relatively close. LSU wins but won’t cover. This game will feature a great quarterback battle between Jalen Hurts and Sam Ehlinger, and the score will go back and forth throughout the game. I expect Hurts to come up clutch late and lead the Sooners to a close victory. Oklahoma wins but doesn’t cover. Alabama has been very clinical so far this year in winning football games as they always are. They will not have a problem in College Station, and I expect Alabama to win and cover.


UPSET PICK OF THE WEEK   Coolican: Oregon State’s 2-3 record belies how good they’ve looked so far. They won’t contend for the Pac-12 championship, but they aren’t the laughingstock of years past. Even though they are a two touchdown underdog against Utah, the Utes have been inconsistent, especially on the road, so the Beavers have a very real chance to win this one.

Kramer: Bouncing back from a tough loss to Oklahoma, Texas Tech decisively upset Oklahoma State at home. Now, the momentum surely rests in favor of the Red Raiders, and given the similar offensive makeup of No. 22 Baylor, I expect an upset down South. Look for Texas Tech to upset Baylor in the battle for the Lone Star State this weekend.

Patrick Gallagher:


The Tigers will face their first real test since week two as they prepare for a highly anticipated home matchup against the Gators. Florida has proved they are legit and will prevent LSU from covering. However, Joe Burrow’s clutch factor, and the electric atmosphere in Baton Rouge will fuel a late gamewinning drive for LSU, who wins but doesn’t cover. 2019’s edition of the Red River shootout promises to be an exciting offensive affair. Jalen Hurts is very experienced and will not be fazed by the pressures of such a high profile matchup. Texas and Sam Ehlinger have their way with a sub-par Oklahoma defense, but the Hurts-led Sooners keep the Golden Hat in Norman, winning but failing to cover. Alabama travels to College Station in the Tide’s first ranked matchup of the season. Texas A&M has shown signs of greatness in losses against Clemson and Auburn, but they do not seem to have the offensive firepower to defeat the best of the best. Alabama will cruise and cover.

The Rainbow Warriors of Hawaii go in as two possession underdogs against No. 14 Boise State, but I like Hawaii to pull the upset in this one. Hawaii has beaten quality(ish) teams in Arizona and Oregon State this year and blew out Nevada 54-3 two weeks ago. Fresh off the bye week, I like the Rainbow Warriors to pull off the upset in Boise in the final minutes of the game.

Aidan Thomas: Kyle Trask and the Gators cement their spot as College Football Playoff contenders, as Florida will win outright as an underdog in Death Valley. Jalen Hurts has looked unstoppable so far, but Texas is good enough to keep this close, so I’m picking the Sooners to win but not to cover. Alabama has been dominant so far, and Texas A&M has looked incapable of keeping up with elite competition. The Tide roll and cover in this one.

Gallagher: Fresh off snapping UCF’s 19 game winning streak in the AAC, Cincinnati travels to Houston in what will prove to be a trap game. The Cougars are a 7.5 point home underdog and have looked less than stellar of late with losses to Tulane and Washington State. I think the Bearcats will underestimate Houston and will lose by a touchdown.

Thomas: Louisville are nine point underdogs to undefeated and 19th-ranked Wake Forest. However, the Cardinals are 3-2 and coming off a gutsy 41-39 victory over BC. Wake Forest have won three of their five games by one possession, and something tells me their luck runs out against the Cardinals this weekend. Contact Liam Coolican at, David Kramer at, Dominic Gibson at dgibson@, Nate Moller at, Patrick Gallagher at pgallag4@ & Aidan Thomas at The views expressed in this column are those of the authors and not necessarily those of The Observer.

The Observer accepts classifieds every business day from 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. at the Notre Dame office, 024 South Dining Hall. Deadline for next-day classifieds is 3 p.m. All classifieds must be prepaid. The charge is 5 cents per character per day, including all spaces. The Observer reserves the right to edit all classifieds for content without issuing refunds.


The observer | thursday, october 10, 2019 |

W Soccer Continued from page 12

junior for ward Eva Hurm’s team-leading fifth goal of the season in the fifth minute. The Irish tacked on two more goals in the second half via an own goal from Syracuse and a strike off of the foot of sophomore Luisa Delgado respectively. Hurm and Delgado have been the players with the biggest impact on offense for the Irish so far this season, as they are tied for the team lead in points with 12. Delgado has tallied four goals and is tied with junior Sammi Fisher for the team lead in assists with four, while Hurm leads the team in goals with five to go along with two assists. Against Syracuse, Notre Dame once again asserted its dominance at Alumni Stadium. Out of their seven shutouts on the year, five have come at home. At home, Notre Dame has outscored their opponents 18-3. The Irish are set to take on ACC-foe Miami Florida on Thursday at Alumni Stadium. The Hurricanes (3-5-2, 0-3-1 ACC) have not won a match since Sept. 12 against Stetson, and since then have dropped four games and tied once.

The one mutual opponent between the Irish and the Hurricanes so far this season is Pittsburgh. Miami tied Pitt 3-3 at home on Sept. 29, while the Irish took care of business at home against the Panthers, recording a clean sheet in a 4-0 victory. After the Syracuse game, both Hurm and Norman spoke about the importance of getting off to a hot start and how game-changing it is when they’re able take an early lead. Notre Dame is outscoring its opponents 2310 in goals overall, but just seven of those 23 goals have been scored in the first half for the Irish. Furthermore, Norman’s team has tallied 89 total second half shots compared to just 69 in the first half. If the Irish are going to keep up their solid play, it’s clear that they’re going to have to continue putting their foot on the gas right from kickoff. Thursday’s matchup against the Hurricanes will be a chance for the Irish to get back-to-back wins for the first time since they won back-to-back games against Michigan and Oakland in early September, and it is the final game in their recent three game home stretch. Additionally, the contest

will be the Irish’s seventh annual SEGway game, where all proceeds from the game will go to the SEGway project, a non-profit organization that was founded by former Irish soccer player Lindsay Brown, class of 2012, committed to empowering girls in the developing world using soccer as a medium. Brown founded the project after a trip she took in 2011 to Surkhet, Nepal, in which she discovered the role that soccer can play in terms of transforming the lives of girls regarding things such as developing leadership skills and gaining self-confidence. All proceeds will go to the equipment, meals and transportation for the girl’s soccer program in the Kopila Valley in Nepal. Kickoff between the Irish and the Hurricanes is set for 7 p.m., and the game will be broadcast on the ACC Network Extra. The Irish will stay home through the week while they host Louisville on Oct. 13. They will then head to Charlottesville, Virginia, to take on the Caveliers. Once they wrap up regular conference season play in October, they’ll be set to head into the conference Tournament beginning Nov. 3. Paid Advertisement



Irish sophomore defender Brianna Martinez prepares to head the ball during Notre Dame’s 3-2 loss to Iowa at Alumni Stadium on Sept. 15.


Swim & Dive Continued from page 12

the countr y. “To see [Gillilan] enjoy the big competition and to stand up and beat kids who finaled at NCAAs a year ago in those events is prett y exciting,” Litzinger said. “It should be fun to see what she can do in the future.” Litzinger said he hopes his young team learned from this meet. On the men’s side, there are 14 freshmen, which is over half of the roster. “W hen you are bottom heav y on the underclassmen, these situations are new experiences for them: to be away, to have to travel six and a half hours on a bus and get up and perform,” he said. “Our younger sw immers are learning on the job so to speak.” A lthough both squads started slowly in the meet, both teams closed the gap score w ise during the second half of the meet. Litzinger said in the future, to beat strong teams, the teams w ill have to come out firing on all cylinders. On one end of the pool, the divers continued their success w ith sophomore sophomore Austin Flaute recorded | thursday, october 10, 2019 | The Observer

top-three finishes on both boards, while senior Erin Isola took second on the three-meter dive. “Our div ing the first board was not nearly as successful as the second round, and the second round they got it together and did their thing,” Litzinger said. “We got jumped on a little bit, but we responded well.” Litzinger said he was proud of his teams for their second half performances. “They’re not going to quit. They’re not going to give up. We challenged them to make something out of the second half of the meet,” Litzinger said. Going for ward, Litzinger said he w ill use the meet results to dictate training and determine the race strateg y for Purdue and into the bulk of the season. W hile Wednesday’s performance didn’t end in Notre Dame’s favor, Litzinger said the teams are right where they want to be. A ll of the meets leading up to the ACC and NCAA championships w ill be used as preparation and stepping stones. Litzinger said he is confident both teams w ill be competing w ith the best teams in the countr y by the end of the season.


Kendra Osinski | The Observer

Irish junior swimmer Kelly Jacob watches the scoreboard update following one of her events during Notre Dame’s home meet against Purdue on Oct. 26. The Irish will face the Boilermakers again in two weeks.

“I think we are in good shape,” he said. “We have a heav y training block coming in through the midterm break. We are looking forward to hunkering dow n, fix ing some mistakes and getting to work.” The Irish will travel to Paid Advertisement

Purdue on Oct. 25 to take on the Boilermakers in a twoteam meet. The Boilermakers have historically been a powerhouse, particularly on the diving board, where they consistantly produce Olympic medalists. Their teams are currently ranked 24th.

Both Notre Dame teams are solidly in the rankings according to the list released on Wednesday. The men are 12th in the nation and the women are 16th. Contact Nate Moller at


The observer | thursday, october 10, 2019 |

college football roundtable

Evaluating the biggest college matchups, potential upsets of the weekend By LIAM COOLICAN, DAVID KRAMER, DOMINIC GIBSON, NATE MOLLER, PATRICK GALLAGHER & AIDAN THOMAS Sports Writers

Welcome to the first edition of The Observer Roundtable! Here, six of our writers will attempt to predict the result and spread of some of the top college and professional football games this weekend, and we will top it off with each writer picking an upset. Each writer will earn one point for picking a result correctly and an additional point for getting the spread right. If their upset watch team wins, they will double their score for the week. Without further ado, here are this week’s picks: NCA A: #7 Florida @ #5 LSU (-13) #11 Texas @ #6 Oklahoma (-10.5) #1 Alabama @ #24 Texas A&M (+18)

Liam Coolican: A night game in Death Valley is one of the hardest atmospheres to play in. Joe Burrow has looked like a legitimate Heisman contender and LSU’s defense is stingy as always. Florida has been impressive in the way they’ve handled adversity thus far, but LSU will win and cover. Oklahoma’s offense has been clicking this year, and Texas’ defense has looked shaky, allowing more than 30 points in back-to-back games, both against unranked opponents. This is a recipe for Oklahoma to put up a crooked number, and Texas may not be able to keep up. Sooners win and cover. While Alabama has looked dominant as usual, they haven’t played any tough opponents yet, and their defense does not appear to be as good as it was in previous years. I expect Texas A&M to keep see ROUNDTABLE PAGE 9

Observer File Photo

Irish senior quarterback Ian Book scrambles out of the pocket during Notre Dame’s 21-17 Citrus Bowl win over LSU on Jan. 1, 2018. The Tigers host No. 7 Florida and ESPN’s College Gameday this weekend.



ND falls short to Irish looking to build on momentum against Miami Indiana, Kentucky Observer Sports Staff

Last year, the Irish made history as the first team in program history to end the year with a losing record. Irish head coach Nate Norman and his squad came into this season more determined than ever to get back to their winning ways. This year’s Irish team came out with a full head of steam and rattled off six-straight wins to start the season. With six games remaining on their regular season schedule, coach Norman and company currently sit at 8-4, overall and their 2-2 record w ithin the ACC conference has them positioned in a tie for fifth place overall. In its last contest against Sy racuse, Notre Dame cruised to a 3-0 v ictor y over the Orange en route to its seventh shutout of the season. The Irish were able to get on the board early on in the game thanks to see W SOCCER PAGE 10

By NATE MOLLER Sports Writer


Irish sophomore forward Olivia Wingate shields the ball from a defender during Notre Dame’s 3-2 home loss to Iowa on Sept. 15.

Notre Dame traveled to Lex ington, Kentuck y, on Wednesday to face off against t wo qualit y teams in Indiana and Kentuck y. Both the men’s and women’s squads struggled against the competition. Notre Dame head coach Mike Litzinger said some of the circumstances around the meet were far from ideal. The race took place at 10 a.m. — an at y pical time for a meet. Additionally, the team has had little rest bet ween competitions. “We swam against Florida State on Friday night and then all of a sudden Tuesday afternoon we’re turning around to travel and compete again. That’s a little bit unusual,” Litzinger said.  There were some good signs, he said, indicating that both teams should be able to compete on the national stage by the end of the season.

“There were some great takeaways,” Litzinger said. “It’s early in the season, and we are in a period of preparation and training that is all pointing towards the end of the year.” Litzinger said the intensit y of training w ill be ramped up for both teams over the next t wo weeks in order to prep for a meet against Purdue on Oct. 25. “We’re in that stage of training where we are grinding and working out our aerobic capacit y, which includes a lot of mileage and long hours in the pool,” he said. “We are going to continue that through the Fall.” Litzinger said he was impressed w ith the performances of sophomore Zach Yeadon, who won both of his events, and freshman Coleen Gillilan, who placed first in the 100-meter butterf ly and the 200-meter indiv idual medley. Gillilan’s times are among the current fastest in see SWIM & DIVE PAGE 11

Profile for The Observer

Print Edition of The Observer for Thursday, October 10, 2019  

Print Edition of The Observer of Notre Dame, Saint Mary's and Holy Cross for Thursday, October 10, 2019

Print Edition of The Observer for Thursday, October 10, 2019  

Print Edition of The Observer of Notre Dame, Saint Mary's and Holy Cross for Thursday, October 10, 2019