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Sänkt restaurang- och cateringmoms

Delbetänkande av Utredningen om sänkt moms på vissa tjänster Stockholm 2011

SOU 2011:24


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Restaurang- och cateringbranschen, inklusive restauranger på hotell, 2010.

Antal arbetsställen Antal anställda Omsättning, mnkr (exklusive mervärdesskatt) Omsättning/arbetsställe Omsättning/anställd Anställd/arbetsställe

Restaurang- och cateringbranschen, inklusive restauranger på hotell 24 453 92 981 74 477 3 045 738 800 996 3,8

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16–24 år 25– år Totalt Andel 16–24 år

Antal anställda i olika åldrar inom hotell- och restaurangbranschen 2004 32 550 61 309 93 859 34,7

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2009 39 392 72 443 111 835 35,2

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Tabell 1

Resultat av skattereduktion för hushållsnära tjänster

Fall

Basfall

Förändrad tidsanvändning Vitt hushållsarbete Svart hushållsarbete Övrigt vitt arbete Övrigt svart arbete Hemarbete Fritid Icke-arbete Nettoändring av vitt arbete Nettoändring av hushållsarbete Nettoändring av svart arbete Sysselsättningseffekter Vit effekt, nettotillskott1 Vit effekt, i procent av sysselsättningen

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Mindre fördelaktiga effekter

Mer fördelaktiga effekter

5,40 -2,47 -1,35 0,01 -1,46 0,73 -0,85 4,05

5,10 -0,62 -3,98 0,36 -1,48 0,99 -0,38 1,12

5,73 -4,33 1,45 -0,90 -0,94 0,31 -1,32 7,18

1,46 -2,47

3,00 -0,26

0,46 -5,23

10 616

2 945

18 823

0,25

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Offentligfinansiell nettokostnad av sänkt mervärdesskatt från 25 procent till 12 procent på restaurang- och cateringtjänster 2012, miljarder kronor

År Offentligfinansiell nettokostnad

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Figur 6.9

Fördelningseffekter för olika hushållstyper. Ökning av justerad disponibel inkomst, procent

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Sammanfattning av konsekvenser av sänkt moms på restaurangoch cateringtjänster från 25 till 12 procent

Konsekvenser Offentligfinansiell nettokostnad 2012, miljarder kronor Långsiktig offentligfinansiell effekt, miljarder kronor Varaktig sysselsättningseffekt i helårsarbetskrafter Kostnad per jobb, miljoner kronor Minskning i administrativa kostnader, miljarder kronor

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Offentligfinansiell nettointäkt av höjd mervärdesskatt från 12 till 14,4 procent på bland annat livsmedel, omsättning av vissa konstverk, hotell- samt restaurang- och cateringtjänster 2012, mdkr

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xi ! m(∂xi / ∂m) / xi ∂xi / ∂y ymh " − # $ h % m(∂h / ∂m) / h xi y &

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mh (1 − T ') wh (1 − T ') *************************KIM* = = y (1 − T ) wh (1 − T )

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s *

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dx dp ds * .%* ()'* .'(%,'$* "0* )>+)%>%7$"'* 5;4* >1-8)%* "0* )'* -,+)'* dp ds

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s* s* dx dp dx 1 ε −1 '0 s dp ds ds = '0 −s dp ds = '0 − As ε (1 − s) ds *

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Marknadsarbete Hemarbete Svartarbete Totalt arbetade timmar

Förändringen i det totala antalet arbetade timmar i ekonomin i Sverige vid en sänkning av mervärdesskatten på restaurang- och cateringtjänster med 10 procentenheter Innan en sänkning av mervärdesskatten Fördelning, Antal arbetade procent timmar, miljoner 80,6 769 744 17,1 163 305 2,3 21 965 100

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Efter en sänkning av mervärdesskatten Fördelning, Antal arbetade procent timmar, miljoner 83,0 792 650 14,7 139 430 2,3 21 965 100

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Tabell 2

Parametrar vid, samt resultat av, beräkningen av ökningen i antalet marknadsarbetade timmar i Sverige vid sänkt mervärdesskatt på restaurang- och cateringtjänster med 13 procentenheter

Ökningen i marknadsarbetade timmar vid sänkt moms på gruppen hushållsnära tjänster med 1 procentenhet

0,30%

Andelen restaurang- och cateringtjänster av gruppen hushållsnära tjänster

30%

Potentialen för frigjord tid vid sänkt moms på restaurang- och cateringtjänster relativt gruppen hushållsnära tjänster

0,2

Hur stor andel av den frigjorda tiden används till marknadsarbete relativt gruppen hushållsnära tjänster

0,25

Ökning i antalet marknadsarbetade timmar vid sänkt moms på restaurang- och cateringtjänster tjänster med 13 procentenheter

0,06%

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Laga mat Handla mat Totalt Totalt per år

Tidsåtgång vid matlagning i hemmet och inhandling av mat för kvinnor respektive män samt för en genomsnittlig individ, i antal minuter Kvinnor 46 25 71

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7A'"


Statens offentliga utredningar 2011 Kronologisk förteckning

1. Svart på vitt – om jämställdhet i akademin. U. 2. Välfärdsstaten i arbete. Inkomsttrygghet och omfördelning med incitament till arbete. Fi. 3. Sanktionsavgifter på trygghetsområdet. S. 4. Genomförande av EU:s regelverk om inre vattenvägar i svensk rätt. N. 5. Bemanningsdirektivets genomförande i Sverige. A. 6. Missbruket, Kunskapen, Vården. Missbruksutredningens forskningsbilaga. S. 7. Transporter av frihetsberövade. Ju. 8. Den framtida gymnasiesärskolan – en likvärdig utbildning för ungdomar med utvecklingsstörning. U. 9. Barnen som samhället svek. Åtgärder med anledning av övergrepp och allvarliga försummelser i samhällsvården. S. 10. Antidopning Sverige. En ny väg för arbetet mot dopning. Ku. 11. Långtidsutredningen 2011. Huvudbetänkande. Fi. 12. Medfinansiering av transportinfrastruktur – utvärdering av förhandlingsarbetet jämte överväganden om brukaravgifter och lånevillkor. N. 13. Uppföljning av signalspaningslagen. Fö. 14. Kunskapsläget på kärnavfallsområdet 2011 – geologin, barriärerna, alternativen. M. 15. Rehabiliteringsrådets slutbetänkande. S. 16. Allmän skyldighet att hjälpa nödställda? Ju. 17. Förvar. Ju. 18. Strålsäkerhet – gällande rätt i ny form. M. 19. Tid för snabb flexibel inlärning. U.

20. Dataskydd vid europeiskt polisiärt och straffrättsligt samarbete. Dataskyddsrambeslutet, Europolanställdas befattning med hemliga uppgifter. Ju. 21. Utrikesförvaltning i världsklass. UD. 22. Spirit of Innovation. UD. 23. Revision av livsmedelskedjans kontrollmyndigheter. L. 24. Sänkt restaurang- och cateringmoms. Fi.


Statens offentliga utredningar 2011 Systematisk förteckning

Justitiedepartementet

Landsbygdsdepartementet

Transporter av frihetsberövade. [7] Allmän skyldighet att hjälpa nödställda? [16] Förvar. [17] Dataskydd vid europeiskt polisiärt och straffrättsligt samarbete. Dataskyddsrambeslutet, Europolanställdas befattning med hemliga uppgifter. [20]

Revision av livsmedelskedjans kontrollmyndigheter. [23]

Utrikesdepartementet

Näringsdepartementet

Utrikesförvaltning i världsklass. [21] Spirit of Innovation. [22]

Genomförande av EU:s regelverk om inre vattenvägar i svensk rätt. [4] Medfinansiering av transportinfrastruktur – utvärdering av förhandlingsarbetet jämte överväganden om brukaravgifter och lånevillkor. [12]

Försvarsdepartementet

Uppföljning av signalspaningslagen. [13] Socialdepartementet

Sanktionsavgifter på trygghetsområdet. [3] Missbruket, Kunskapen, Vården. Missbruksutredningens forskningsbilaga. [6] Barnen som samhället svek. Åtgärder med anledning av övergrepp och allvarliga försummelser i samhällsvården. [9] Rehabiliteringsrådets slutbetänkande. [15] Finansdepartementet

Välfärdsstaten i arbete. Inkomsttrygghet och omfördelning med incitament till arbete. [2] Långtidsutredningen 2011. Huvudbetänkande. [11] Sänkt restaurang- och cateringmoms. [24] Utbildningsdepartementet

Svart på vitt – om jämställdhet i akademin. [1] Den framtida gymnasiesärskolan – en likvärdig utbildning för ungdomar med utvecklingsstörning. [8] Tid för snabb flexibel inlärning. [19]

Miljödepartementet

Kunskapsläget på kärnavfallsområdet 2011 – geologin, barriärerna, alternativen. [14] Strålsäkerhet – gällande rätt i ny form. [18]

Kulturdepartementet

Antidopning Sverige. En ny väg för arbetet mot dopning. [10] Arbetsmarknadsdepartementet

Bemanningsdirektivets genomförande i Sverige. [5]


Tryck: E-print, Stockholm, 2011 ISBN: 978-91-7437-201-4


9789174372014  

Delbetänkande av Utredningen om sänkt moms på vissa tjänster Stockholm 2011 SOU 2011:24 Svara på remiss. Hur och varför. Statsrådsbere...

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