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We Take Trade-Ins!

4-H Sponsor

891 East Chicago St. Coldwater, MI




Interest Rates as low as 3.9%!

2004 Bison Alumasport 8314 7’6” Tall, 8’ Wide, HUGE 14’ Shortwall Living Area, Tons of Storage, Drop Windows, Rump Side Ventilating Windows, A/C, Heat, Fridge, Full Bath. Stock# P8583

2007 Kiefer Built Evolution 7310 3H Slant GN LQ, 10’ Shortwall, Head Side Drop Down Windows, Collapsible Rear Tack, TV with Built In DVD Player, Full Size Fridge. Stock# P7583A

MSRP: 22,650 | Our Price: $19,950

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2018 Lakota Charger 83 GN DR 2018 Lakota Charger Straight BP 3 H, 7’6” Tall, 8’ Wide, Drop Down 2 Horse, 6’9” Wide, 7’6” Tall, All Head Windows, Saddle Boss Saddle Alum., Drop Down Windows, Ramp Racks, Swinging 60/40 Split Back Load, LED Lights, Saddle Boss Saddle Doors, All Aluminum. Stock#P8390 Racks, Front Dress. Stock# P8158 MSRP: $24,089 | Our Price: $21,995 MSRP: $16,625 | Our Price: $14,660


2018 Lakota Colt 8309 (AC839) 2018 Lakota Stock Combo LE20C 8+8+4, 7’ Wide, 7’ Tall, All Alum., 3H GN, LQ, 9’ Shortwall, 8’ Wide, 7’6” Tall, All Aluminum, Wood Floor in 20’ Belly, Drop Down Windows, Front Tack, All LED Lights, Saddle Boss Horse Area, Split Barn Doors, Saddle Saddle Racks. Stock# P8305 Boss Saddle Racks. Stock# P8428 MSRP: $46,706 | Our Price: $38,950



MSRP: $20,481 | Our Price: $17,950


2018 Lakota Charger 3H Slant 83DR 2018 Lakota Charger 3H Slant DR 2018 Lakota Charger C39 (7309) 2018 Lakota Charger C311 (7311S) 8’ Wide, 7’6” Tall, All Aluminum, BP, 6’9” Wide, 7’6” Tall, All Aluminum, 6’9” Wide, 7’6” Tall, All Aluminum, 3 Horse, 6’9” Wide, 7’6” Tall, All Drop Down Windows, All LED Lights, Drop Down Windows, Front and Rear 3H Living Quarters, 9’ Short Wall. Aluminum, Drop Down Windows, Saddle Boss Saddle Rack, Extruded Tack, All LED Lights, Saddle Boss Deep Slide Out, LED Lights, Saddle Front Escape Door, All LED Lights, Plank Alum. Flooring. Stock# P8324 Saddle Rack. Stock# P8325 Drop Down Windows. Stock# P8368 Boss Saddle Rack. Stock# P8327 MSRP: $17,640 | Our Price: $16,260

MSRP: $16,022 | Our Price: $14,160

MSRP: $41,861 | Our Price: $35,265



$15,960 ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017


MSRP: $48,824 | Our Price: $39,980


Advertisers Directory Adventure Motel & Café For Sale Animal Health Solutions, Equerry Arizona Saddlery Arnold Lumber Black River Farm & Ranch Boulder Equestrian Cowboy Christmas Crest View Tack Shop Custom Chaps by Amy DR Trailer Sales Equinox Farm Executive Farms Farm Bureau, Arnesen Agency Fiber Luxe Blanket Cleaning Focused Heart Massage Therapy Foxgate Wellness Giegler Feed & Landscape Supply Grand River Feeds Haylett Auto & RV Hubbard Feeds Humane Society of HV Huron River Equine Vet Services Huron Valley Horse Blanket HQ Indigo Sky Integrated Bodywork Ingham County 4-H Tack Sale Ironwood Farm Ivory Farms J & J Oakdale Large Animal Clinic Jim’s Quality Saddle Jump N Time Tack Keller Williams, Susan Baumgartner Koetter & Smith Shavings

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Legend Land Feed Legend Land Fence Livingston County 4-H Tack Sale Lynnman Construction Majestic Oak Stables MI Apple Blossom Classic MI Horse Council MI Horse Expo 2018 MI Horse Farms, Lori Ross MI Interscholastic Horsemanship MI Quarter Horse Assoc Tack Sale Monroe County New/Used Tack Sale Moree Chiropractic Nature’s Rehab Premium Metal Works Puterbaugh Dressage Sport Quality Structures Re/Max Platinum, Kathie Crowley Re/Max Platinum, Laurie Forrest Re/Max Platinum, Jennifer Parker Russell Training Center Saddlefox.com ShoMe Holiday ShoDown Silver Fox Equestrian Center Sparta Chevy & Trailers Sparta Equestrian Team Tack Sale Sporthorse Saddlery Stillwaters Boarding Stable Tom Moore Sales Tom’s Western Store Tribute Equine Nutrition Wildwind Equestrian Center

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ARTICLES A 2nd Horse Expo in Michigan? Agnew, Shelby – Power of Horses Association/Trail Riders News Breed Inspection, Lyzelle Dunn Blazer, Eleanor – Whoa Part 2 Cohan, J. – Plan In Case of an Audit Equine Affaire, Massachusetts Eversole, Robert – Trailmeister.com Getty, Juliet – Fruits Are Fabulous Goodnight, J. – Winterizing Horse Science, Horse Sense (Book) Horsman, Nathan – Pivoting The Horse News Briefs – Equine News Palm, Lynn – Practice Figure 8 Puterbaugh – Deadly Sins of Dressage

32 50-51 44-49 18 19 36 33 20 30-31 26-28 56 29 22 52 34-35

ALSO IN THIS ISSUE Advertising Rates, Saddle Up! Classified Ads Find Ayla Contest Membership Drive 2018 Show & Event Dates, MI & OH Subscribe Today! Tack Sale Special in Saddle Up! Youth Spot Winter’s Coming, Are You Ready? Puzzles For All Ages

24-25 38-40 54 43 41-43 37 43 54 55

DECEMBER DEADLINE: NOVEMBER 13 In order for distributors and subscribers to receive their magazines earlier in the month, we have moved our deadlines for ALL advertisements and submissions to the 14th.

810.714.9000 • www.saddleupmag.com Email: saddleup@voyager.net • Fax: 810.714.1465 8415 Hogan Rd., Fenton, MI 48430 • Mon-Fri 10:00 am - 4:00 pm





Check out our drone video at www.ivoryfarm.com





MICHIGAN INTERSCHOLASTIC HORSEMANSHIP ASSOCIATION MIHA is a non-profit organization that conducts interscholastic equestrian competitions for all interested students grades 5-12 in the state of Michigan.



Division A

Division B




Bullock Creek

Division C

Division D


Sacred Heart Academy







Whitmore Lake

Spring Lake Reserve


2017 Scholarship Applications are due November 1, 2017

2017 Logo Winner Alaynah Pelton Reed City (D8)

Visit www.miha.org for additional information on how to start a team, logo contest guidelines, scholarship application guidelines and how to contact a district chair. MIHA has over 2000 riders from over 300 schools competing in 20 districts. Riders attend private, alternative, Christian, public and home schooling education systems. If you would like to start a team with your school, email exec_board@miha.org for more information. ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017









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New 60’ Round Pen Sale $899 Huge selection of farm gates on sale! WWW.SADDLEUPMAG.COM

Gobble Up Deals, Not Me!

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The Wire Horse

CANNED FOOD DRIVE Donate 3 items and receive an Extra 5% Off an item. (Exclusions apply)

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12500 Corunna Rd., Lennon, MI 48449

The Wire Horse Shop online:

(810) 621-5300


Fax: (810) 621-5391 Email: thewirehorse@aol.com

Hours: Mon.-Thurs. & Sat. 9:30-5:30, Fri. 9:30-7, Sunday Noon-4pm (Sunday Hours Nov. 26th through Christmas) ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017



Kathie Crowley

248.207.7222 Email: kathie.crowley@yahoo.com


20 Gorgeous Acres!

NORTHVILLE HORSE FARM! 20 acres in Salem Township, Washtenaw County. Beautiful, custom updated home, 3,400 sq. ft., 3 bedroom, 3 bath. Too much to mention here! Barn, run-in sheds, paddocks/pastures with automatic waterers. MLS# 217074274. Offered at $599,900. Call Kathie for a private showing today!

60 VACANT ACRES IN OAKLAND COUNTY! HIGHLAND/MILFORD - Build your own Equestrian Facility or upscale housing development on this gorgeous parcel! Paved road with 930’ road frontage! Open meadows, woods, numerous walkout sites available. North of M-59 on Milford Road across from Highland Oaks Park, riding trails, close to several state metro parks. MLS# 215112706. Offered at $749,000. Call Kathie for more information.



TO ALL OF MY FRIENDS, CLIENTS AND FAMILY: THANK YOU for the best year of my real estate career! This is the time of year we give thanks and reflect on our lives and accomplishments. I am always amazed at how wonderful people really are. Thanks to all of you who have remembered me and sent me business over the years; and mostly for your support, kindness and friendship. I have always said, “Life is not easy, it is just eventful.” There is some truth to that! We all have our struggles, losses, joys and good times. That is life. Once again, I am so grateful for my life and my circle of friends. I love what I do and there are no better people than horse people. MANY HEARTFELT THANKS TO ALL OF YOU WHO MAKE MY LIFE FULL. I APPRECIATE EACH AND EVERY ONE OF YOU! HAPPY THANKSGIVING, LOVE, KATHIE

Selling or Buying? Call Kathie Crowley to set up an appointment today! 38+ YEARS OF REAL ESTATE EXPERIENCE

Kathie Crowley

Horse Farms, Equestrian Estates, Country Property, Vacant Land and Residential

248.207.7222 Consult with a professional who is in the horse business and understands your needs ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017

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Lori Ross Exclusively Equestrian Realtor

Looking to Buy or Sell Horse Property? Take the Right Lead for Blue Ribbon Service! 137 ACRES!

137 Acres! – 14-12x12 matted stalls, 2 monitored foaling stalls, office, tack room, grain room, laundry room. 60x120 indoor arena, observation room, kitchen and bath. 40x60 pole barn with heat, water, 220 electric, fully insulated, cement floor, 2-14’ auto doors. Home with open floor plan, 3 bedrooms, 2 baths. Excellent Facility!

54 Acres, Oakland County. 100x195 indoor arena with clubhouse, 60x90 indoor working arena, outdoor Dressage arena, 30-12x12 matted stalls, 14 board fence pastures with automatic waterers, plus run-ins. 5 bedroom, 3.5 bath home, full finished walkout. Includes 15 acres hay, and 2 additional outbuildings.

40 Acres, Charlevoix County. 2500 sq. ft. 4 bedroom, 2.5 bath ranch home with natural wood burning fireplace. All appliances, 2 car attached garage. 4 matted stall horse barn, 26x60 pole barn and fenced pastures. Charlevoix Schools.

SOLD Almost 10 Acres, Livingston County – Large country home close to everything, room to roam. 3 bedrooms, 2 baths. Large living room with stone fireplace, new gourmet kitchen with granite and all stainless steel appliances. Family room w/built-in cabinetry. New roof & mechanicals. Barn w/5 matted stalls, tack & feed room. Pastures. 80x140 arena.

Thank you to the Sworm Family for the opportunity to assist in your real estate needs!

47 Acres, Isabella County – 60x120 indoor arena, 10 - 12x12 solid oak stalls, 2 - 12x18 stalls, 1 - 12x24 stall, heated office with bath, tack room, large wash rack/grooming area, storage for hay and equipment. Features 2 bedroom, 1.5 bath living quarters. Beautiful setting offering privacy on a paved road.

THINKING OF SELLING? Call for a Free Market Report!

40 Acres or 80 Acres, Livingston County – Turn of the century charm close to all amenities. 10 minutes from I-96. 1st time on market in 5 decades. Retains all the natural woodwork of yesteryear but, all newer mechanicals. Large rooms, in excellent condition. Numerous outbuildings – perfect for all types of livestock. Currently in crops.


Stefanie Monroe driving her horses. A Happy Buyer!!



50 Acres, Barry County. Lakefront accessible to 600 plus acre Crooked Lake. Eventing horse facility! Dressage arena, heated wash rack, heated observation, bath and shower. Main barn has 22 stalls, hayloft. Two outdoor arenas with lighting; dressage arena and jump arena. Additional 36x60 barn, and a 40x15 kennel. WWW.SADDLEUPMAG.COM

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NEW & USED TACK SALE February 3rd, 2018 10am-4:30pm MSU Pavilion, East Lansing, MI

FREE ADMISSION Everything you need for in and out of the show ring! Spaces $60 each by Dec. 31, 2017, Postmarked after Dec. 31, 2017 $70 each. Each space rental includes a table (if requested) at no additional cost. Spaces are three sided “stalls” without the doors. Each space is 10x10.

Mail to: MQHA Tack Sale • P.O. Box 278, Greenville, MI 48838 Phone: 616.225.8211 • Fax: 616.225.8313 • Email: mqha@hotmail.com THIS IS ONE OF THE LARGEST TACK SALES IN THE STATE OF MICHIGAN! ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017



continue to improve the industry for the benefit of the United States. Those who lingered were privy to insights from industry experts.

Never Attended A Breed Inspection Before?

Puterbaugh Dressage Sport has offered to host again next year. Attending a breed inspection is a wonderful learning experience, and it couldn't have been a lovelier setting. Puterbaugh Dressage Sport is located a short distance from I-96 and US-23 in Howell, Michigan. They have available openings for boarding, riding lessons, and dressage training in a peaceful, serene equestrian setting, situated on fifty acres of organic hayfields. Douglas Puterbaugh teaches riders from the beginning levels through Grand Prix, and trains horses through the Grand Prix. To visit the farm, inquire about services, attend a clinic or breed inspection, contact Tamara Horak (707) 475-6847, or visit Puterbaugh Dressage Sport online at: www.puterbaughdressage.com .

By Lyzelle Dunn On a sunny August day, I was transported to a new experience at a familiar place. I pulled into Puterbaugh Dressage Sport in Howell, Michigan, and the farm was bustling with activity as mares and foals poured in from around the region for the Westfalen NA Breed Inspection. German Stud Book Director, Otto Schalter stood at the center of the Olympic sized arena, and carefully made notes and observations as mares and foals were presented and put through their paces. The arena was flanked with chairs for spectators. Each pair walked and trotted a pattern with their handlers. When the inspector gave the instruction, the handler removed the halter from the foal, and they were released to canter freely around the ring. I was amazed that most of the mares knew exactly what to do, and their babies happily followed alongside. Outside the arena in the brick aisle way, I noticed a darling Haflinger foal waiting with its mother for their turn to enter the arena. I wondered how another breed could be identified with the Westfalen breed. I learned that other qualifying Warmblood mares and stallions, Thoroughbreds, and Arabians are eligible for inspection and can be recorded as Westfalen if they meet the quality standards regarding type, conformation, and movement. The criteria and judging standards are the same in Germany and the United States, but there is only one Westfalen breed book which is kept in Münster, Germany. Honestly, it is a bit confusing for a first-time attendee to understand what the foals get after inspection and why. To make matters even more confusing, as of May 2017, the Rheinland Pfalzsaar International foals born in North America now get the Westfalen breed logo.

Musique owned by Mary Procopio

At inspection, there are three types of papers a foal can get: a pink papered passport issued from Germany, a white papered passport called a Certificate of Pedigree, and a non-breeding white papered passport called a Horse Identification Document. The paperwork they receive depends on their breed lines and their scores. Once all the foals had been seen, the inspection team retreated to the cozy observation room to tabulate the scores. Guests enjoyed refreshments and the lovely old world equestrian setting. The qualifying mares and foals were given the option of branding onsite as well as microchipping.

Standing Ovation owned by Susan Moessner

Mobile Veterinary Services for Horses in Oakland, Wayne, Washtenaw, and Livingston Counties Full Range of Veterinary Care Including: • Preventative Care • Geriatric Care • Chronic Condition Management • Equine Dentistry: Power Float & Hand Float • Minor Surgery: Castrations - Horses, Sheep & Goats • NEW Radiology System • Emergency Services Available 24/7

Westfalen Brand

Huron River Equine Veterinary Services, PLLC 248.707.1098

After the inspection, Otto Schalter and trainer and farm owner, Douglas Puterbaugh had an intriguing dialogue about today's training and dressage education system. They discussed the progress made in breeding, and where more education is needed to ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017

Hillary Lobar, DVM www.huronriverequine.com Email: huronriverequine@gmail.com (18)


quarters to move under the body. It is this action which creates the square balanced stop. (5.) The rider squeezes the horse with both legs, applying light equal pressure to encourage the horse to drive into the bit barrier. The horse should round his back upward when coming to a stop. If you don't apply leg pressure, the horse will stop driving with the hindquarters and his back will sag. (6.) As soon as the horse begins to respond to the verbal and physical cues, the bit barrier must be released. Releasing the bit barrier rewards the horse for his response. The reins should not be pitched away, but should be loose enough to remove the possibility of bit pressure. If the bit barrier is held too long after the stop, the horse will be subject to severe mouth pressure and will start looking for a way to avoid the discomfort. Most of the time, a horse attempts to avoid the bit barrier by throwing his head up, down, or to one side or the other. Such behavior by the horse means the rider should immediately reassess his stopping cues and teaching techniques. It won't be long before the horse is attempting to avoid the stopping cues rather than responding to them. A good exercise to reinforce the stop is occasionally asking for a few back steps after stopping. The horse will start thinking “back” which will cause the back feet to come up under the body, putting him in perfect position for a balanced stop. When it comes to “whoa”, be consistent, be firm...and be safe. Take the online course Training Performance Horses. Earn certification or work toward a Bachelor of Science degree in Equine Studies. Go to www.horsecoursesonline.com for more information.

Whoa! Part 2 By Eleanor Blazer The most important cue for any horse being ridden is the cue for “whoa”. A good foundation should have been laid during halter breaking, leading lessons and learning how to lunge. You can read Whoa! Part One in the October issue of Saddle Up! Magazine. Visit www.saddleupmag.com/archives.html The first step in reinforcing “whoa” is no movement by the horse while the rider is getting on. And once mounted, the horse should not move until given a cue. The rider must make a conscientious effort to sit on the motionless horse for a few seconds. Teaching a horse to stop under saddle requires the following six actions in sequence: 1. Establish the timing for the stop. 2. Give the verbal command to "whoa." 3. Set the bit as a barrier to forward movement. 4. Tighten the stomach muscles. 5. Squeeze with both legs. 6. Release the bit barrier immediately after the horse has come to a complete stop. (1.) Timing sets the horse up for a square stop with the hind legs up under the body. It also requires the rider to learn the footfall sequence of the horse. The rider should begin the cues to stop just as the leading forefoot hits the ground. If the horse is walking or trotting, begin the cues as the forefoot corresponding to the direction of travel hits the ground. If you are moving to the left, begin the cues as the left forefoot strikes the ground. (2.) In concert with the timing, the rider gives the verbal command to "whoa." The command should be given in a quiet to normal voice. Don't yell at the young horse. Give the command just as you would if you were leading or lungeing the horse. (3.) A snaffle bit should be used when teaching the stop. The rider may lift either the left or right hand to set the bit as a barrier to forward movement. Most trainers lift the hand corresponding to the direction of travel – the left hand if the horse is traveling to the left. For example, lift your left hand (by simply rolling the thumb toward the left so the palm of your hand is facing up), your right hand remains steady, holding the right side of the bit in position. By lifting the hand, you are applying pressure to the left side of the horse's mouth, at the same time elevating the head slightly, but not tipping it to the left. The horse's head should not turn to the left or right. The slight elevating of the head encourages the horse to be light on the forehand and start shifting his weight to the hindquarters. (4.) While giving the verbal and bit cue, the rider tightens his or her stomach muscles. If the stomach muscles are tight, the rider cannot lean forward or backward. It is extremely important the rider does not lean his upper body backward. The upper body should remain erect so the horse is not thrown out of balance. When the rider tightens the stomach muscles, the pelvic bones drop backward and downward putting the rider's seat deep in the saddle. This weight shift should immediately cause the horse to tighten his loin muscles. This rounds the horse's back and allows the hind©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017

MOORE’S MONTHLY HORSE & TACK AUCTION 1st Saturday of each month starting at 6pm with tack, horses to follow

Held at the farm 11771 US-223, Onsted, MI 49265

For information call Tom Moore (517) 467-7576 (19)


her disposal, Kim arranged for emergency transportation and even let my wife know that there had been an accident. I was awfully grateful that I had options other than sitting on the side of a hill hoping that someone would come along. It's important to carry communication devices that work in the area that you're riding in. Cell phones don't work everywhere and not all messengers are created equally. I've tried others and I'm very glad that I could rely on my Garmin InReach. Wearing a Helmet – Lastly, I was wearing a helmet. If scars are sexy, my helmet should be in a pinup calendar. According to my helmet, my head hit a tree on my way to the ground. I certainly don't remember it. Having a multitude of plates and pins in my shoulder is plenty. I'm very glad I don't have shiny hardware in my head as well. If you choose to wear a helmet (and I hope that you do) make sure that it's ASTM/SEI certified for equestrian use. My Troxel Sierra model took the beating so that my head didn't. I guess it’s time for a new helmet. Well, that's about it for now. As you can see I'm still typing, slowly and with one hand, but I am typing! I'll be back in the saddle as soon as the docs give me the OK. For more trail riding tips, and the world's largest guide to horse trails and camps, visit us online at: www.TrailMeister.com or you can also access our site through www.saddleupmag.com by clicking on the “Trail Maps” tab.

4 Things That Can Save Your Life By Robert Eversole, TrailMeister.com My summer of trail rides and horse camping was wonderful. Until it wasn't. You might have heard that I took a tumble recently. It's true. I was riding in the Three Sisters Wilderness in central Oregon when I joined the unplanned dismount club. Although I don't remember all of it, I got to visit the hospital ER, met some great doctors, toured the surgery, and now I have a shiny new shoulder! Fun times. I can't tell you with certainty what went wrong, although I think it was bees. One moment I was in the saddle taking pictures and the next my head was impacting a tree followed by proof that Newton's law of gravity is true. As I'm finding that narcotic fueled dreams are anything but pleasant, I've had plenty of time to ponder what went right during my misadventure. Riding with a Partner – The first thing that I did right was ride with a partner. Kim McCarell, author of the series Northwest Horse Trail Books, was my Oregon riding companion and guide as we rode and horse camped around the Three Sisters area. Kim was not only excellent trail company; she also gave me a second set of eyes on my injury and she was able to take care of my mule as we made our way off the mountain. Had Kim not been nearby to help, I might still be out there. She helped get my floppy arm stabilized and generally watched me like a hawk during the long slow walk out. She even arranged transportation to the emergency room while we were still on the trail. Your life may depend on it, so choose your riding partner wisely. Carrying First Aid Kits and having the knowledge to use them – The second thing I did right was carry a first aid kit and have the knowledge to use it. When we found that I couldn't move my arm, we were able to stabilize it with the first aid kits that we both carried. Between the two kits we were able to get an oddly floppy arm stabilized enough that I could make my way off the mountain. The emergency room staff was quite impressed with our efforts and the ER nurses made a point of saying we did a good job of improvising in using a belt to immobilize my shoulder. They also made a point of mentioning that most people don't know how to help themselves in an emergency. The incident may have had a different outcome if we hadn't carried First Aid supplies and taken the time and effort to learn how to use them, before the ride. Having the knowledge to use a first aid kit, and improvise if needed, is just as important as carrying the kit. Carrying a Communications Device – Being able to call for help is a good thing. Having good communications is the third thing we did right. Kim and I both carried tools to contact help in an emergency. We used them that day. Between the two of us we had cell phones, a personal locator beacon, and a Garmin InReach. With these tools at ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017

INGHAM COUNTY 4-H TACK SALE Sponsored by the Ingham County 4-H Horse Committee

Saturday, January 20, 2018 11:00 a.m. - 3:00 p.m. INGHAM COUNTY FAIRGROUNDS INDOOR ARENA BUILDING 700 East Ash Street, Mason, MI 10x10 Space - $20.00 each, 10x20 Space - $30.00 each (after January 12th - $5.00 more) 4-H CLUBS: 10x10 Space - $10.00 each 10x20 Space - $15.00 each (after January 12th - $5.00 more) Table Rental (no chairs) - $10.00 each

NO PRE-SALES!! $1.00 per person admission donation at the door

For more information, contact: Sheryl Steiner (517) 589-0103 or email: inghamcounty4Htacksale@yahoo.com Registration forms available on Facebook: Ingham County 4H Tack Sale



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Saddle Up! Magazine News Briefs

ANOTHER HORSE EXPO IN MICHIGAN? Cindy Couturier, owner and editor of Saddle Up! Magazine has added a questionnaire in this edition of her popular horse magazine to find out if there is a need for another horse expo in the state of Michigan. After the Novi Equestrian Expo was cancelled last December, she feels that there should be an additional horse expo in the state. But is there enough people which to make the expo a success? That is what the questionnaire is being used to find out. Where would you like a horse expo held, what time of the year would you like the expo, what cost do you feel is fair for admission? These are some of the questions that are being asked. Please take a moment to fill out the questionnaire and either email it, snail mail it or fax it to Saddle Up! Magazine. This is your chance to have your voice heard! The results will be posted on Saddle Ups’ Facebook page in the spring of 2018. Email: saddleup@voyager.net Mail: 8415 Hogan Rd., Fenton, MI 48430 Fax: 810.714.1465

MEGHAN SLAUGHTER NAMED 2017 USDF YOUTH VOLUNTEER OF THE YEAR The United States Dressage Federation™ (USDF) is pleased to announce that Meghan Slaughter of Middleton, ID, has been named 2017 USDF Youth Volunteer of the Year. This prestigious award honors one outstanding youth volunteer who has contributed, both nationally and locally, to USDF and dress-age. As the winner, Meghan will be pre-sented with a perpetual trophy, donated by the Akin family of Warwick, NY, in honor of Lendon Gray, which is on permanent display in the Roemer/USDF Hall of Fame. She will also receive a “keeper” trophy and be featured in the yearbook issue of USDF Connection. Ever since her first year at Cal Poly, Meghan has been involved as a member of the dressage team, and volunteered her time as assistant coach. During the 2016-2017

competition year, she volunteered as Head Coach and Trainer and has guided the team to numerous victories, leading to the Intercollegiate Dressage Association (IDA) National Championship. To encourage other noncompeting team members to get involved and utilize their riding skills, Meghan also formed and trained students for a quadrille team, which promoted the sport of dressage by performing for university functions such as Parents Weekend and Student Open House. Meghan’s willingness to volunteer her time and talent to college dressage, and the IDA, greatly helps in fostering the future of our sport. When Meghan returned home for the summer, she continued to volunteer her time and talents to dressage. She has been active in assisting with the facilitation of both schooling and recognized dressage shows. Meghan has also given of her personal time to train a young dressage horse, which belongs to an acquaintance who is currently undergoing difficult cancer treatment. “Meghan Slaughter is dedicated not only to the sport of dressage, but also to its wholehearted spirit. She is an extraordinary volunteer that unselfishly shares her knowledge, skills, and experiences in dressage to both humans and equines alike,” stated Janet Herrmann in her nomin-ation of Meghan. The USDF Youth Programs Committee selected Meghan based on her passion for dressage and her commitment to sharing her experience and knowledge with others. The committee wholeheartedly commends Meghan for her dedication to the sport and the ability to be a positive role model for other youth. Rosalind Kinstler, chair of the Youth Programs Committee, shared this about Meghan’s selection, “We hear so much about youth being the future of our sport, and Meghan demonstrates just how true this is. Not only does she have a true passion for dressage, but she gladly reaches out to share this passion with other youth riders.” For more information about the USDF Youth Volunteer of the Year Award, please visit the USDF website at www.usdf.org, or contact the USDF office at youth@usdf.org. USDF APPROVED 2018 NATIONAL EDUCATION INITIATIVE EVENTS The United States Dressage Federation™ (USDF) is pleased to announce five new education events, as a part of the USDF National Education Initiative (NEI). The primary objective of the NEI is to create and



support new and affordable programs, hosted by USDF Group Member Organizations (GMOs), that engage members. Each of these events is USDF University accredited, with attendees automatically earning USDF University credits. GMOs that participate in the USDF NEI demonstrate their commitment to providing affordable, quality educational opportunities at all levels. The following events have been approved for 2018 and are also receiving funding support through USDF National Education Initiative Grants. Ride-a-Test with USEF ‘R’ Dressage Judge Nancy Lowey, Hosted by the Commonwealth Dressage & Combined Training Association March 19, 2018 – Marshall, VA www.cdcta.com Ride-a-Test with FEI 4* Dressage Judge Sandra Hotz and USEF ‘S’ Dressage Judge Sue Mandas, Hosted by Central Florida Dressage. June 30-July 1, 2018 – Weirsdale, FL, www.centralfloridadressage.com Clinic with Retired FEI 5* Judge, USEF ‘S’ Judge, and USDF Instructor/Trainer Examiner Lilo Fore, Hosted by the Kentucky Dressage Association, August 3-5, 2018 – Location TBA, KentuckyDressageAssociation.com Clinic with USDF L Graduate with Distinction Jennifer Malott Kotylo, Hosted by the Michiana Dressage Club April 6-8, 2018 – South Bend, IN www.michianadressageclub.org Camp with Janice Dulak creator of Pilates for Dressage®, Hosted by the Green Country Chapter of the Oklahoma Dressage Society March 9-11, 2018 – Pryor, OK www.greencountrydressage.com For more information about all NEI opportunities, and information on how GMOs can apply for the program and grant funding, visit the USDF website at www.usdf.org/edu cation/nei, or contact the USDF office at education@usdf.org. For a list of all upcoming education events, visit the USDF Education Calendar at www.usdf.org. Founded in 1973, the United States Dressage Federation is a nonprofit membership organization dedicated to education, recognition of achievement, and promotion of dressage. For more information about USDF membership or programs, visit www.usdf.org, email usdress age@usdf.org, or call (859) 971-2277.

Saddle Up! Magazine Online at www.saddleupmag.com or on our Facebook page! WWW.SADDLEUPMAG.COM

Laurie Forrest proudly presents 2 elite Belleville, MI area horse properties BEMIS RD., SUMPTER TWP. 28+/- FENCED ACRES


Top of the line Clearspan 80x200 indoor arena, generator. 10 large stalls open to a 48x80 indoor arena, 68x80 overall 70x160 fenced outdoor arena, 50 ft. round pen, 15 stall barn size, observation room, storage for 1200 bales of hay. horse barn with water and electric. 2nd barn for additional storage.

Ranch home offers 3500+/- sq. ft. of living space, 5 bedrooms, 2.5 baths, great room/kitchen combo, den extensive decking, 2 car attached garage. Possible in-law apartment. Offered at $599,900.

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LAURIE FORREST & REMAX PLATINUM Center Ring Marketing for Your Horse Property (248) 789-2724 | Email: LaurieForrest@aol.com

6870 Grand River Avenue, Brighton, MI 48114

Monroe Count y NEW & USED TACK SALE Sunday, January 14, 2018 – 10am to 3pm MBT Expo Center, 3775 South Custer Rd., Monroe, MI 48161

All proceeds benefit the Monroe County 4-H program

$3.00 Admission • Active Military Personnel & Veterans FREE with valid ID Heated Facility • Plenty of Parking • Tons of Vendors! • Concessions On-Site

Vendors Welcome!

If interested in becoming a vendor, please contact: Christin Nowland Email: christinnowland@gmail.com• Phone: (734) 430-5377 Vendor tables are available on a first come first served basis

Come out and support the Monroe County Horse & Pony Board – Thank You from the Fair Board! ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017



Saddle Up! Magazine 2018 MEDIA KIT If your business is Equine Related, then you need to Advertise in...

Saddle Up! Magazine Saddle Up! Magazine is a monthly equine publication devoted to all breeds and disciplines. Our main focus may be the states of Michigan and Ohio, but our publication is available online for all to access and enjoy at www.saddleupmag.com Saddle Up! Magazine was created in 1996 to meet the advertising needs of equine business owners. Our advertising rates have remained affordable, and have not been increased since 2011. We pride ourselves in offering free, professional ad design when you advertise. For our readers, we offer a numerous assortment of equine health, training and discipline articles, free classifieds, free show and event date listings and up-to-date equine related news. Our show and event dates are not only free, but are published within our printed pages two months in advance, and are also available online on the “calendar” page of our website. New to Saddle Up! Magazine is our very popular Youth Spot which is directed to younger equestrians. This fun section offers equine trivia, puzzles, games and articles specifically for ages 14 and under. We’ve been serving the equine community for over 21 years. Let our expertise help you create a successful advertising campaign for your equine related business! ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017


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Deadlines & Special Editions ISSUE January February March* April* May June July August September October* November December

DEADLINE December 13 January 12 February 13 March 13 April 13 May 14 June 13 July 13 August 13 September 13 October 12 November 13

SPECIAL EDITIONS Membership Drive – Horse Associations & Clubs Special MQHA Tack Sale/4-H Clinic Weekend, MSU Pavilion, East Lansing Michigan Horse Expo Booth, MSU Pavilion, East Lansing Equine Affaire Distribution, Ohio Expo Center, Columbus, Ohio Showbill Issue, Free 12 Month Online Banner Ad (showbills only) 3rd Annual Saddle Up! Summer Writing Contest

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* These months feature thousands of additional printed copies for distribution at the aforementioned events.




Winterizing Your Horse By Julie Goodnight I grew up in Florida, where the main riding season is the winter. Our main chore to get ready for winter was body clipping the horses, to get rid of the winter coat they were not going to need. For the last 30+ years, I’ve lived in the mountains of Colorado, at an altitude of 8000 feet, where the winters are long and cold, and preparing your horse and barn for the winter comes with some important concerns. Depending on your climate, your barn and the facilities you have to work with, preparing for winter may mean a lot of work! We all have unique challenges in the winter that may vary from dealing with tenfoot snow drifts to dealing with eight inches of mud, but my first concern is always making sure my horses will be comfortable for the long winter ahead. While winters here in the mountains are long and hard, with temperatures well below zero at times, it’s not that bad everywhere (and much worse some places). Whether your winters are mild or wild, you might find a few things to think about, as you prepare your horses for winter. My biggest concerns to prepare my horses for winter are transitioning the horses’ diets, winterizing their water sources, preparing their hooves, checking their parasite status, and organizing blankets. The Grass is not Greener My horses have free-choice access to hay and/or grass 24/7, but late in the summer, as the grass starts losing its nutritional value, the horses start transitioning themselves to more of a hay diet. Since Fall comes early here, by mid-August, the horses start eating more hay and less green grass, all on their own. Since we offer both hay and green grass to the horses in the late summer, they will slowly transition themselves to an all-hay diet by the time the grass goes dormant. Unlike the Spring, when we must be very careful transitioning the horses from an all-hay diet to an all-grass diet, in the fall the transition is easier. However it’s done at your place, it is important to make any change in diet gradually. Whenever we are changing a horse’s diet, we always put them on a pre/probiotic like Proviable throughout the transition period, to aid in digestion. After over thirty years in the horse business, I’ve learned many hard lessons about buying hay. First, I always buy a year’s worth of hay in the fall. I will not take the chance of running out of hay in the spring when hay can be very scarce and expensive. I will not buy hay right out of the field. It’s not fully cured until it’s been in the stack for 30 days. Some hay can look absolutely beautiful for a few weeks after it’s baled but can turn bad in the stack thirty days later if it was baled with too much moisture. For my horses, I buy straight grass hay, top-quality, no rain on it. We buy large bales, which are a challenge to move around, but the cost savings is significant. I’ll also buy a few tons of small bales so that when I travel with my horses, I have some hay to take on the road. I’ve found that hay prices are lowest and most stable in the fall and I can usually find the best quality then, too. An uncomplicated way to budget your hay is to plan on using 1/3 a ton per horse per month; so, three horses are going to consume about one ton a month. I like to buy 10 months’ worth of hay in September; that should take me through July, when the new crop comes in and when the grass is in ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017

full swing. If you may have spoilage, add 10%. If your herd numbers fluctuate, overbuy your hay. If it’s well stored, hay will retain its nutritional value for up to a couple years after it’s baled. So I’d rather have extra hay in the Spring (when hay is the most expensive) – I’ll be sure to use it up first before I start feeding the next year’s crop. Winterizing Water Sources Frozen water sources can be one of the biggest challenges in winter horse keeping. Just like us, it’s easy for a horse to get dehydrated because he is not drinking enough water when he is cold. Dehydration is a huge factor in colic, so I do everything I can to make sure my horses are adequately hydrated all winter long, including heating their water and adding an equine drink mix like Rein Water, which encourages drinking. As the nighttime temps drop below freezing, we hang heated water buckets in the stalls. I prefer not to have automatic waterers in their stalls, so I know exactly how much water each horse consumed overnight. For the horses that stay outside, we have heated water sources too, but there’s no way to monitor individual consumption. Since the heated water sources are covered, it’s important that someone checks it twice a day to make sure it is not frozen or malfunctioning another way (like having an electric current running through the water). If you are using stock tanks and tank heaters, make sure the heaters and wires are all functional and protected so that the horses will not break anything. Horses can be a real nuisance when it comes to fiddling with wiring and contraptions, especially on a water tank. They tend to hang out at the water source and can easily get bored or frustrated and start playing with the heater. If your winters are mellow, with little freezing at night, then maybe all you need to do is break a little ice in the morning. Just keep in mind that the colder the water, the less your horse will drink, so consider heating some water for your horse. Finally, all the hoses, the wash rack and implements must be thoroughly drained and put away for the winter. If you must use hoses in the winter to fill water tanks, it’s a huge chore in cold climates. Hoses must be drained twice to make sure they are usable the next time. Without fail, someone will mess up and you’ll end up with frozen hoses sometime during the winter. If so, just coil the hose and dump the whole thing in your heated stock tank. In no time, it will be thawed and you can drain it (much faster than dragging it in your house). (26)


November through April, we are generally riding inside. For ease of use and for aesthetic reasons, we like to keep the winter coats as short as we can, so we keep them blanketed, starting early in the fall. Riding inside, in a warm indoor arena, horses with a full winter coat will get soaking wet and it’s impossible to get them dry before nightfall. Sometimes we trace clip the hair coat to manage the sweating and keep our horses dry when we ride. Blanketing and keeping their hair coats short, helps us manage the winter riding (and keeps them looking good for photo shoots too!). Most horses don’t need blanketing, no matter how cold it is. However, it’s nice to have the choice, so we keep a good heavy, waterproof rug for each horse (we actually have sheets, mid-weights and heavy weights for each horse). I’ve bought hundreds, maybe more than a thousand horse blankets in my lifetime and I’ve learned through experience that you get what you pay for. Spending a few hundred dollars on a top-quality blanket is money well spent. Keep in mind that your horse will do its best to destroy the blanket; you’ll go through 3-4 cheap blankets before you replace one high-quality rug. I also want a winter blanket that wicks moisture, has a turtleneck and utilizes high-tech materials. We can usually get 3-4 years or more of use out of one heavyweight rug. Check for Parasites I do not de-worm my horses unless they need it. We do fecal egg counts in the Spring and Fall. If the report comes back negative for worms, we do not give them a de-wormer. If a horse shows a positive result, we will de-worm that individual accordingly. The fecal egg count is easy and no more expensive than the cost of a dewormer if you send it to a lab. I do not want to give my horses any chemicals or medications they do not need, so the fecal egg count is a wonderful way to go. You can do the egg count yourself (find instructions online) or you can order a testing kit and send it off to a lab. There are many sources available now, so just Google it and figure out the best option for you and your horses. If horses are kept in very sanitary conditions and de-wormed as needed, you’ll find you have far fewer parasites to deal with. If I did not do fecal egg counts, I would de-worm all my horses with ivermectin after the first hard frost. By waiting for the hard frost, you hope to take care of the last of the parasites before the winter kill. If I only de-wormed once a year, I’d do it in the fall after the first hard frost. But honestly, it’s been a few years since any of our horses have been de-wormed because the reports come back clean. Around here, winters are long and hard, and horse keeping can be a real challenge! Being prepared around the barn and getting your horse ready ahead of time will help a lot. Every climate and every facility has its own set of challenges in winter and summer and as the years pass by, we learn how to manage it better. If you’re new to horses, it pays to ask more experienced horse owners in your area what they do to get ready for the seasons. It helps to get ideas from others but it’s up to you to make the decisions on what’s best for you and your horses.

To Shoe or Not to Shoe? Right behind food and water, I have a huge concern about getting the horse’s feet ready for winter. This can be complicated because each horse has unique needs and will be used differently over the winter. Without question, it is better if horses can be kept unshod, especially in the winter. Their hooves are healthier when unshod and they are less likely to slip on the ice or develop snowballs on their feet. In cold climates like ours, we must be very careful with hooves as we transition from fall to winter. Some of our horses are shod in the summer, because of the demands of hard riding on rocky terrain. If you wait until the last minute to pull their shoes for the winter, their feet are very tender when the ground freezes hard and the horses can get dangerously footsore, even slightly laminitic. I want to pull their shoes well before the hard freeze, so their feet have time to toughen up before the ground gets rock hard. This is always a difficult choice for some riders who really enjoy trail riding in the fall and want to leave shoes on as long as possible. I prefer to pull shoes early if I can and use hoof boots on the trails so that the horse’s feet toughen up before the ground is frozen hard. My first choice is to leave all the horses barefoot over the winter and for as long as I can. Most of my horses will go at least five months without shoes. However, some of our horses have therapeutic or corrective shoeing and they will stay shod, with special shoes and pads, usually on the fronts only. Sometimes we have horses that are in performance training and will wear sliders on the hinds, so we’ll leave them bare in the front and shod on the hinds. If horses are shod during the winter, we use snow pads on them to prevent the hard ice-balls from forming on their feet. Does Your Horse Need a Blanket? The short answer is, probably not. Horses are unbelievably adaptable animals and are well-equipped to deal with almost any climate. Did you ever hear of the cartoon, “South Park?” It’s a real place, not too far from where I live, and there are few places in the lower 48 that have a harsher winter. 25-30 below zero for weeks on end, deep snow and howling winds. Yet all winter long, you can drive through that valley and see hundreds of horses un-blanketed, doing just fine. If they have food and water and a windbreak, they are happy. For the most part, horses do not need blankets, but there are some situations when it’s a good idea. First, in extreme weather, we always cover our geriatric horses (or any horses that are unhealthy or skinny). Horses need to eat more in the winter because they expend a lot of energy to stay warm. When a horse is barely keeping his weight without the cold, he may need some blanketing help in the coldest weather. Keep in mind that when you blanket a horse and compress his hair coat, he loses some insulation value. Once you start blanketing a horse, you may need to continue. If you are flexible enough to only put the rug on during inclement weather and leave him uncovered in the better weather, his winter coat may stay fluffy. But if you leave that blanket on for days or weeks on end, his coat will compress so much that you’ll need to leave him blanketed. Often, it’s best to leave it to nature and let the horse’s winter coat do its job. Some of my horses stay blanketed all winter long. But make no mistake about it, this is entirely for human convenience, not because the horses need it. We ride our horses year-round, but from ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017

Julie Goodnight Natural Horsemanship Training™ Goodnight Training Stables, Inc.™ PO Box 397 • Poncha Springs CO • 81242 Phone (719) 530-0531 • Toll-Free (800) 225-8827 www.JulieGoodnight.com (27)




H February 17, 2018 H 10:00 am– 2:00 pm Sparta Middle School 480 S. State, Sparta, MI Booth Rental Fee: $15 H Tables: $8 Set-up Time: 7:00 am, Saturday, February 17th

Contact Julie Klein 616.887.8324 or 616.890.8476 Email: JAK7411@aol.com

35th Annual Michigan Horse Council’s

Michigan Horse Expo March 9, 10 & 11, 2018 MSU Pavilion, East Lansing, MI

Terry Myers TMTrainingcenter.com

Also Featuring... Christy Landwehr, CMA Dr. Rob van Wessum, Classical Dressage Dale Myler, Myler Bits Combined Mounted Police Unit High School Rodeo - Friday Evening Ranch Rodeo - Sunday Afternoon Heritage Hill Farm Six Horse Hitch Stallion, Breed & Farm Showcase Improved & Relocated Youth Area

Craig Johnson CraigJohnsonInternational.com

$1.00 Off - One Day Admission Only

Michigan Horse Expo March 9, 10 & 11, 2018 Information: Marilyn Graff Phone/Fax: (231) 821-2487 Email: m.marilyngraff@frontier.com

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Pivoting on the Hindquarters by Nathan Horsman, Western Team Head Coach, Albion College The eighth and final cornerstone of my basic training system is pivoting on the hindquarters. This is the basic beginning movement for a reiner or reined cow horse's spin - and even if your horse is not going to be a reiner/cow horse, I believe it's still very important to teach your horse to pivot on the hindquarters. I save this for the last cornerstone because you'll need the rest of the horse's body working correctly to achieve a correct pivot. This means they must be soft in the mouth with willing vertical and lateral flexion; they need their shoulders standing upright without leaning and good cross over (left front leg moving in front of/across the right front leg); their withers must be softly elevated with ribs soft to the leg and capable of holding correct bend; and their hindquarters need good control so they can be set to the inside and remain stationary. They will also use last month's guiding cornerstone so they will follow their nose and move off the outside rein with elevated withers. Before explaining the pivot, let's talk about what the horse's body should do when it moves correctly in a pivot to the right while riding two-handed in a snaffle bit. We want the mouth soft so the horse gives to the bit when we pick up the reins and a slight right bend (enough to see the corner of the right eye). As we add pressure with our outside (left) leg, we want the withers to elevate and the left front to cross over (in front of) the right front leg. We want a slight bend in the ribs with the ribs moved to the left. The inside hind leg (right hind, pivot foot) should stay in place and the outside hind leg (left hind) must push forward to send the horse into a pivot right. I teach pivots by walking the horse forward on a small circle to the right (same direction I'll ask for the pivot). As we move forward, I use my inside leg at the cinch and add pressure to keep the ribs outside. I slide my outside (left) leg back to keep the hip engaged to the right and the left hind moving forward. While driving the horse forward in the small circle, I look for the horse to soften and relax. Once I feel that, I release my inside (right) leg, sit on my inside seat bone, continue to drive with my left leg, and move both hands right. As I feel the horse move his shoulders right and the movement behind me subsides, he's beginning to pivot. After two to three lateral strides, I push the horse back onto the small circle we started from. When teaching the pivot, it's just as important to push them forward out of the turn because the pivot and spin both have forward movement. If you fail to push the horse forward out of the turn, they will suck back, which occurs when the horse backs off the pressure they feel in their mouth. This causes the horse to pivot on the outside hind leg and usually leads to the horse's outside front leg crossing behind the inside front, resulting in a pivot or a spin with a hop to it that is not fluid, smooth, or correct. If you feel your horse constantly wanting to back up instead of moving forward into the turn, use the corner of your arena to help. Back your horse up so his hindquarters are in the corner and his left side is against the fence, then ask for bend to the right and add outside (left) leg. If he shifts his weight back, he will find the fence. This encourages him to step forward as he moves his shoulders laterally. After two steps, walk him forward into a circle to the right. Walk a few circles and repeat the exercise. After 10 or 15 repeŠ2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017

Here, Hi Dollar Wimpy shows correct left bend through his body while his right front leg crosses in front of his left front. titions, he should begin to learn not to back into his pivot. Also, make sure you're not pulling too much on the reins – the reins are not what makes them pivot, the reins guide him. Your seat and outside leg cue the pivot; the more rein you use, the slower he'll go and more sucked back he'll become. Thank you for reading these past eight articles and thank you to Saddle Up! Magazine for asking me to write them. Since this concludes the 8 Cornerstones series, next month I would like to move on to talking about bits, their classification, and their use. If you have any questions about the cornerstones that I can answer for you in future articles, please feel free to email me at nhorsman@ albion.edu. About Nathan Horsman Nathan Horsman assumed the role of head coach of the western team at Albion College in 2016. An AQHA Professional Horseman and Certified Horsemanship Association (CHA) master instructor, Horsman has been a rider since he was first placed aboard a horse at the age of two. For the past decade, his specialty has been training horses for reining, cutting, and reined cow horse events. He's also a popular clinician across the U.S., working with non-pro and amateur horses and riders to help them improve their communication and training. As a coach in the Albion equestrian program, Horsman's primary duties involve training the horses and riders affiliated with the IHSA western program, reviewing horse donation prospects, recruiting new students, and supporting the daily operations of the Held Equestrian Center. He can be reached at NHorsman@albion.edu.

Albion's equestrians train out of the college's Nancy G. Held Equestrian Center, which spans 340 acres and is the only oncampus equestrian center at a private college in Michigan. The Held Center offers student horse boarding in addition to housing the collegiate riding program. Visit Albion College online at: www.albion.edu (29)


Fruits are Fabulous! By Juliet M. Getty, Ph.D. Apples and bananas used to be the predominant fruits available in your grocery store during the fall and winter. But lately, you can find all sorts of off-season fruits, including watermelon and blueberries, thanks to imports from more temperate climates. Your horses can also benefit from this variety. The old standbys - apples and carrots still make nutritious treats but you don't have to limit your horse’s enjoyment to just these! Day in and day out, your horse eats the same thing. Boring...yes. Unbalanced...definitely. It’s not likely that he has acres of unimproved land to explore, as he would in a wild setting, where he would eat flowers, seeds, edible weeds, and fruits from vines and trees. It is our job as horse owners to fortify their ho-hum diets with added nutrients from fresh foods. Sure, there are whole food supplements on the market, really nice ones in fact. But why not add the real thing? Fruit tastes a lot better and is chock full of antioxidants and other valuable nutrients that can have a powerful impact on your horse’s health. Flavonoids are potent antioxidants Dark blue and red berries, such as blueberries, blackberries, raspberries, and strawberries as well as cherries and red grapes, contain antioxidants known as epicatechins and anthocyanidins that belong to a group of antioxidants known as flavonoids. Since these flavonoids also give the fruit its color, the deeper the color, the more antioxidant-power the fruit contains. Red grapes also offer resveratrol, an antioxidant that has recently become popular as a horse supplement. (Dark chocolate also contains resveratrol, which is great for you, but never give it to your horse!) Bananas, surprisingly, are high in anthocyanidins. Citrus fruits such as oranges, grapefruits, lemons and limes, while known for their vitamin C content, also contain considerable amounts of flavonoids such as hesperidin, rutin and quercetin, which work with vitamin C to promote antioxidant activity. Another biologically active flavonoid known as lycopene, adds a red color to watermelon, papaya, and mangos. Important to note: tomatoes are high in lycopene, but are highly toxic to horses. Beta carotene is a flavonoid that offers an orange color to apricots, papayas, mangos, cantaloupe, nectarines, and peaches, as well as carrots. It is not only a powerful antioxidant, but is a precursor to vitamin A within your horse’s body. Fruits are also a reliable source of vitamins and minerals. Dried fruits such as figs and dates are particularly concentrated in calcium, zinc, and potassium. They also contain B vitamins, beta carotene, and vitamin K. Fruits round out the diet beyond traditional supplements Concentrated supplements may offer many of the nutrients found in fruits. However, it’s difficult, if not impossible, to gather the entire essence of a plant in a commercial product. By feeding the whole food, you offer your horse trace nutrients that nourish his body in a way that cannot be duplicated by opening a container. It is important to note, however, that filling in the nutritional gaps created by a hay-based diet generally requires concentrated supplements; you would have to feed an unrealistically large amount of fruits and other whole foods to meet this requirement. Fruits should be offered in ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017

addition to a balanced diet, to round it out, but not to offer everything your horse needs. Sugar content of common fruits Fruits do contain a significant amount of sugar. If you have insulin resistant horses, you may be thinking that this article is not for you. While you do need to limit their sugar (and starch) intake, there still can be room for some tasty fresh fruit. The key is moderation, combined with evaluating how much sugar your horse is getting in his entire diet. Horses love bananas (one of their favorite flavors). They also like watermelon, cherries, blueberries, and of course, apples. The chart below will give you an idea of how much sugar is in these and in other common fruits: Fruit

Grams of Sugar

Apple, one medium Apricot, one (no pit) Banana, one 7 inch Blackberries (one cup) Blueberries (one cup) Cantaloupe, 1/8 of small melon Carrot, one 8 inch Cherries, six (no pits!) Dates, three (no pits!) Fig, one small Grapes (red, green), ten grapes Honeydew melon, 1/8 of 7” melon Mango, 1/2 fruit (no pit) Nectarines, one small (no pit) Orange, one medium Papaya, one small (remove seeds) Peaches, 2 3/4 (no pit) Pear, one medium Plum, one medium (no pit) Raspberries (one cup) Tangerines, 2 1/2 Strawberries, three medium Watermelon, one wedge

13 3 14 7 15 4 3 6 12 7 8 13 15 10 15 9 15 17 7 5 9 3 28

Some peels are worth eating A wonderful way to offer your horse something tasty and nutritious is to feed the peel instead of the whole fruit. Apple, banana, and orange peels, as well as watermelon rinds, cut into bite-sized pieces, have less than 1 gram of sugar per cup. Apple peels are particularly beneficial. They contain a substance called “ursolic acid” which has been shown to stimulate muscle growth, increase (30)


pleasing to your horse, but will offer additional nutrients that likely do not exist in the current diet. About Dr. Getty Juliet M. Getty, Ph.D. is an independent equine nutritionist with a wide U.S. and international following. Her research-based approach optimizes equine health by aligning physiology and instincts with correct feeding and nutrition practices. Dr. Getty’s goal is to empower the horse person with the confidence and knowledge to provide the best nutrition for his or her horse’s needs. Dr. Getty’s fundamental resource book, Feed Your Horse Like a Horse, is now in paperback as well as in hardcover, searchable CD and Kindle versions. All except the Kindle version are available at www.GettyEquineNutrition.com – buy the book there and have it inscribed by the author. Print and Kindle versions are also available at Amazon (www.Amazon.com), and find print versions at other online retail bookstores. The seven individual volumes in Dr. Getty’s topic-centered Spotlight on Equine Nutrition series are available with special package pricing at her website, and also at Amazon in print and Kindle versions. Dr. Getty’s books make ideal gifts for equestrians – Christmas is just around the corner!

carbohydrate metabolism, and reduce body fat in laboratory animals. Avoid the peels of tropical fruits such as mangos and papayas since they can be irritating to the skin. Putting this into perspective with the rest of the diet To reduce the sugar content of your horse’s diet, you should strive to feed less than 10% of the total diet as simple sugars and starch. If you’ve had your hay or pasture analyzed, the ethanol soluble carbohydrate (ESC) value represents the simple sugar content. Let’s say your grass hay contains 7.10% ESC and 1.80% starch. Their sum is 8.90% – that’s excellent! This would be a good hay to offer free-choice to your horse. If your horse consumes 25 lbs per day of this hay, he/she will consume 2.225 lbs of ESC + starch (25 lbs X .0890). Convert that to grams (multiply by 454), providing your horse with 1010.15 grams of sugar and starch. If your horse also eats a cup of blackberries per day, you’ll be providing an additional 7 grams of sugar. This brings the total sugar/starch intake to 1017.15 grams per day, or 8.96% of the diet. Not much of a difference. One caveat: It is best to divide the amount of fruit you'll be serving over the course of the day, rather than feeding it all at one time. A large amount of sugar fed at once will create a higher blood glucose peak than if it were fed in smaller amounts throughout the day. Bottom line Fruits are bountiful sources of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, making them a valuable addition to any horse’s feeding regimen. Diets that need to be low in sugar and starch can still safely accommodate moderate amounts of fresh fruits. This will not only be

Life is full of give and take.

Give Thanks

and take nothing for granted.

Livingston County 4-H Hartland

New & Used Tack Sale Saturday, January 27, 2018 | 10 a.m. – 2 p.m. FREE Admission

Hartland Educational Support Service Center 9525 E. Highland Road, Howell, MI 48843

FREE Admission

Sponsored by: Livingston County 4-H Horse Committee Proceeds will be used for the Fowlerville Fairground Horse Barn Improvements

• Public invited to buy or sell • Space available: 6’x8’ = $20 or 6’x16’ = $30 • Tables available $5 per table (additional fee). Tables range from 5’ to 6’ • No sale of pop or food allowed. Concessions will be open. • Fees are non-refundable. • Please obtain a space for any kinds of racks. These cannot be out in the aisles. • No dogs (except service dogs) allowed in the building.

Set-up begins at 8 a.m. | No early sales or entry Doors open to the public at 10 a.m.

Name/Group Contact

TO RESERVE YOUR SPACE: Make checks payable to LCHLA Mail to: LCHLA c/o MSU Extension 2300 E. Grand River, Suite 111, Howell, MI 48843 For more information or for a flyer contact: Paula (517) 404-4544 or email: gustyacres@yahoo.com ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017

Phone Email No. of 6x8 space(s) No. of table(s) (31)

No. of 6x16 space(s) Tables range from 5’-6’ and are $5 each WWW.SADDLEUPMAG.COM

Who wants a 2nd horse expo in Michigan? As you may know, the Novi Equestrian Expo normally held in November/December of each year has been canceled. I will miss this expo and I was wondering if anyone else would like a second horse expo in the state of Michigan. Now is your chance to speak up and cast your vote! Please fill out the questionnaire below and send it to me so I may tally everyone’s response to possibly prepare for a second future horse expo in Michigan. Thank you, Cindy Couturier, owner/editor | Email: saddleup@voyager.net | Fax: 810.714.1465 | Snail Mail: 8415 Hogan Road, Fenton, MI 48430. Your opinion matters, please send me your completed questionnaire today! LOCATION – Please choose only one q Birch Run Expo Center, Birch Run, MI q Ingham County Fairgrounds, Mason, MI q MSU Pavilion, East Lansing, MI q Suburban Collection Showplace, Novi, MI ($5.00 parking fee above admission price) DAYS HELD – Please choose only one q Friday, Saturday & Sunday q Friday & Saturday Only q Saturday & Sunday Only TIME OF YEAR HELD – Please choose only one. What month would you like to see a new horse expo held? q January q February q May q June q September q October q November q Doesn’t Matter ENTRY FEE – Please enter the amounts that you feel are affordable. Family admission is considered to be 2 adults and 2 children, or 1 adult and 3 children. Family Admission

Weekend (Family)

Adult Admission

Weekend (Adult)

Child 12 & Under

Weekend (Child)

HOURS – Please choose only one. Which hours do you feel are more agreeable to yourself and your family. q 9am-5pm q 10am-6pm q 10am-7pm q 11am-6pm q 11am-7pm q 11am-8pm HOW IMPORTANT ARE CLINICIANS TO YOU? Please choose only one. q Extremely Important – Who would you recommend? q Important

WHICH THREE WOULD YOU LIKE AT A HORSE EXPO? Please choose only THREE. q Pony Rides q Carousel Ride q 4-H Benefit Tack Sale q Carnival Type Games q Model Horse Show q Stall Decorating Contest q Horse Rescues q Equine Fashion Show WHICH EQUINE EVENT WOULD YOU LIKE AT AN EXPO? Please choose only TWO. q All Breed Horse Show q All Breed Speed Show q Gymkhana Events q Kids ONLY Horse Show q Popular Clinician q Rare Breeds q Rodeo Events q Stallion Showcase q Other:

WHAT TYPES OF INFORMATION DO YOU LOOK FOR AT A HORSE EXPO? Please choose only THREE. q Horse Boarding q Horse Feed q Horse Bedding q Horse Medical/Supplies q Horse Dewormers q Grooming/Barn Supplies q Show Clothing q Outerwear – summer/winter q Upcoming Shows and Clinics q Real Estate – farms for sale HOW MANY MICHIGAN HORSE EXPOS HAVE YOU ATTENDED IN THE LAST 5 YEAR? WHICH HORSE EXPO HAS BEEN YOUR FAVORITE OVER THE YEARS?



q Not really Important

HOW IMPORTANT IS SHOPPING TO YOU? Please choose only one. q Extremely Important q Important q Not really Important


WOULD YOU GO TO A HORSE EXPO JUST TO SHOP? q Yes q No HOW IMPORTANT ARE DOOR PRIZES TO YOU? q Extremely Important q Important q Not Important ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017



Horse & Farm Exhibits at Equine Affaire, Massachusetts Good horse business, like good horsemanship, is very much in the hands. Hands waving welcome invitations to a barn. Hands running over the smooth coat of a breeding stallion or sale horse. A handshake between horsemen as they close a deal. If you’re looking to complement your online marketing by investing in a personal, hands-on approach to promoting and selling your horses and services, look no further than the Horse & Farm Exhibits at Equine Affaire – North America’s premiere equine exposition and equestrian gathering. The 2017 event will take place November 912 at the Eastern States Exposition in West Springfield, MA, and will bring together tens of thousands of prospective customers and savvy horse and horse business owners. In Equine Affaire’s Horse & Farm Exhibits event attendees will see firsthand what you have to offer, and you will hold the reins to your own real-time advertising. If a picture is “worth a thousand words,” then having opportunities to sell your horses and promote your farm and services in person to potential customers is “priceless.” The Horse and Farm Exhibits will be presented in Eastern States’ spacious C Barn adjacent to the coliseum. C Barn features an enclosed exercise arena perfect for schooling, and there is a nearby outdoor arena for evaluating a sale horse or pony. What could be a better venue at which to sell a horse or market a stallion or stable than a centrally located and well-established equine facility like the Eastern States Exposition and a first class equestrian event like Equine Affaire? Selling your horses at Equine Affaire Yes, you can sell your horse online, at your barn, or through an auction, but finding the right buyer at the right price at Equine Affaire just might be quicker, easier, and more profitable. You can rent a 12x9 “For Sale” stall within the Horse & Farm Exhibits area at Equine Affaire for just $150, and each stall rental includes two four-day passes to the event (a $100 value), a “For Sale” sign to post on the stall, and a free listing pre-event on www.equineaffaire.com that will provide the horse’s breed, age, gender, name, discipline, price, photo, and stall location. For added convenience, you may also rent a tack stall next to your “For Sale” stall(s) for only $100 in order to store your bedding, tack, feed, and other equipment while at the show. Though Equine Affaire is a four-day event, you only need to commit to exhibiting your horse for at least two days of the event. Marketing your farm, stable, stallion, or boarding, training and breeding facility at Equine Affaire Equine Affaire’s Horse and Farm Exhibits complement the Breed Pavilion and serve as a second location to showcase horses and ponies on exhibition rotation. The area includes three types of exhibit stalls – inline 12x9 stalls for only $150 each, end/corner stalls on the outer aisles of the barn for $175, and end/corner stalls on the main center aisle of C Barn for $200. The rental of each exhibit stall includes two four-day event passes (a $100 value); a one-line listing of stall number, farm name, breed of horse, and phone number or website address in the free event program; and a listing pre- and during the event on www.equineaffaire.com. Equine Affaire understands that Horse & Farm Exhibitors have facilities to run and may have difficulty being away from home for the ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017

duration of the event. Horse and Farm exhibitors are not required to participate all four days of the event, but they must commit to exhibiting for at least three days and specify in advance which days they will be on site. Fascinated by a new breed you saw in the Fantasia or the Breed Pavilion? Looking to buy a new horse or take your riding to the next level with a fresh trainer? Dreaming of the ideal stallion for your mare? Then the Horse & Farm Exhibits at Equine Affaire is for you! For detailed information on Equine Affaire’s “For Sale” stalls, Horse and Farm Exhibits, and Breed Pavilion consult our website at www. equineaffaire.com. Click on the Massachusetts event and follow the “exhibit” link to the Breed Exhibits pages. You may also contact Karin Brennan at (740) 845-0085, ext. 112 or email: kbrennan@equineaffaire.com. For additional information visit Equine Affaire online at: www.equineaffaire.com.


OVER 30 YEARS OF EXPERIENCE CARING FOR AND TRAINING HORSES Traditional boarding and training as well as these specialized services: • • • • •

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The 7 Deadly Sins of Dressage Book Excerpt – Written by Douglas Puterbaugh TWO Timidity Every rider is timid to some degree, but some are excessively so. Like other riders, timid riders want only what’s best for their horse. They’re kind and loving, and they treat their horses with compassion and understanding. That their horse is occasionally obstinate and difficult bothers them, but they don’t believe in setting boundaries. Whether because of inexperience or personal philosophy, timid riders tend to accommodate their horse’s idiosyncrasies. However, in doing so, they fail to provide for their horse’s instinctual need for leadership, a sin that will hinder their progress in the riding arena. It calls out for a remedy. Horses grow up in a social order structured on a hierarchy. At the top is an alpha or dominant horse. The dominant horse establishes boundaries within the herd, limiting, for example, aggressive behavior among herd members. The dominant horse decides when and where the herd moves, and the outcome of his or her decisions determine his or her fitness to lead. Herd members have to abide by the herd’s rules. A horse learns from an early age that he must go along to get along. Boundary violations are met with a range of reprimands, everything from stern body language to a hard kick. Serious misbehavior can result in banishment. Within the environment of the herd, where safety is the norm and fear is no longer the dominant emotion, horse behavior is varied and complex. Norms, customs, and rules underwrite herd behavior. In order to become accepted members of the herd, young horses have to learn what’s expected of them. That requires structure, education and discipline. Horses rely on the firm leadership of their elders to guide them through the process of acculturation. When people train horses they take over the role of the dominant horse. But compared to the herd, people are inferior trainers. Why? We can reproduce only with difficulty the conditioning techniques of the herd. We must first learn the behaviors of horses, and only then can we try to replicate them. Horses come into the world already knowing them. To help young horses assimilate into their hierarchical society, elder horses use displays of dominance to teach them their place. In this way, the herd trains young horses to be calm and compliant to authority. Humans, on the other hand, often corrupt this training process by being indecisive, inconsistent, and misguided. These errors hinder the training process and marginalize a human trainer’s ability to tap into the horse’s instinct for submission. This is why history’s great dressage trainers have preferred horses with only a minimal amount of previous human handling. They considered horses trained by humans much more likely to be spoiled or ruined. Timidity first fails the horse in his early training. When an indecisive handler abdicates his responsibility as “herd leader,” the horse is left to his natural instincts. Though the handler, no doubt, cares for the animal, benign neglect in no way substitutes for proper training. Instead of establishing boundaries and teaching the horse what is and is not acceptable, an unassertive handler adopts a laissez-faire attitude – in essence abandoning the horse to teach himself. By tolerating unwanted behaviors, the handler has only empowered the horse to replicate them. To the animal’s instinct, you are either above him or below him. You ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017

Douglas Puterbaugh

are never equals. You are either to be deferred to or dominated (or you are an inanimate object, neither to be feared nor dominated, like a fence or a rock). If you don’t lead the horse, he will lead you. Certain horses can become so difficult to handle that they challenge even the most experienced handlers. For this reason, it’s generally better to buy a horse from a reputable breeder than from an amateur, who perhaps lacks the requisite handling skills. Timidity again fails the horse when a rider overlooks the horse’s natural inclination to look up to herd leadership. Tolerating unwanted behavior is an error compounding a mistake. Being tolerant is an important consideration in dressage, but allowing bad behavior only guarantees its repetition: you – not your horse – are responsible for this behavior. And, while you would normally deserve to reap what you have sown, often it’s the horse that suffers. Horses that have been mismanaged from the beginning are difficult to ride and even more difficult to retrain and sell. Such horses can be dangerous, both to their rider and to themselves. No one wants to ride a badly trained horse. More importantly, no one wants to buy a badly trained horse. Guidance Is Kindness When you “lead” your horse, you assume the role of “dominant horse.” Different riders handle that responsibility in different ways. Some become impatient disciplinarians, nitpicking his every mistake. Others become excessively permissive, some so much that their horse leads them. Amateur riders particularly often reject the herd’s reprimand-enforced, command-and-control structure because they feel uneasy being a disciplinarian. Theirs is a nurturing instinct, and their feelings are saying that the horse’s obedience can be won through love and affection alone. Kindness is the most important aspect in gaining a horse’s trust, but expecting that he’ll do something for you out of a sense of gratitude is a mistake. Your horse won’t perform for you out of gratitude. If you fail to establish boundaries within which he has to work, he’ll make his own. It’s his nature. If he senses he can get away with something, he’ll try. And if he succeeds, he’ll try again. He won’t forget, nor will he stop trying. Timidity only reinforces his feelings of dominance. I sometimes have to remind my students that a dominant horse responds to insubordination in the herd by confronting it and decisively reasserting his authority. He doesn’t look the other way. If a rider assumes the role of herd leader, the horse will instinctively follow the rider’s wishes, rather than simply doing as he pleases. Signs of Timidity – The Horse Displays Unwanted Behavior Some bad behaviors like bucking, bolting, rearing, and shying are obvious. Others, like pawing or nuzzling for treats, are more subtle (34)


absentmindedly plodding along missing all the points of dressage, and at worst, rearing and backing up. It teaches him that noncompliance will go unchallenged – proof in his mind that the rider has acquiesced to his alpha status. About Douglas Puterbaugh Douglas has traveled and trained internationally, and has successfully taught many horses to the Grand Prix. He enjoys coaching his students at regional competitions and conducting clinics across the United States and Canada. Douglas is a USDF Gold Medalist, CDRA Certified Test Administrator and a USDF L Program Graduate. Excerpts from the book “The Seven Deadly Sins of Dressage” have been used with permission from the author, Douglas Puterbaugh. To order, visit www.amazon.com or www.puterbaughdressage.com

but no less insidious. While easily overlooked, even these seemingly innocuous acts can be an indication that your horse is challenging your leadership. While beginners tend to view such behaviors as endearing, experienced handlers recognize them for what they are – expressions of dominance that should be pulled out at their roots. You Don’t Assert Yourself Timidity is a sin of dressage because, in essence, it enables riders to shirk their responsibilities. Timid riders are excessively soft and yielding. They are reluctant or confused about how to assert their control. Inexperienced riders, in particular, act timidly because they’re often on the horse before they should be. They’re on the horse before they’ve learned to do the groundwork, which is, in a way, more exacting than riding. Some people think groundwork is just a phase to get through, but the people who know their groundwork are already horsemen. Riders who get on the horse before they should are in no position to assert their dominance; consequently, they have no choice but to (timidly) hope for the best. It’s not surprising that once in the saddle their indecisiveness becomes tangible, their vulnerability to injury starkly apparent, and they respond cautiously – with good reason. They react to their horse’s idiosyncrasies by ignoring them. But every time they do, the horse’s confidence and alpha posturing grows bolder. If he senses weakness, the horse will only become more inclined to take over. Then, one day, the horse will only do what he feels like doing, when and only if he feels like doing it. If you appease your horse, his posturing will grow stronger – and you will have unwittingly caused a problem to emerge where one, perhaps, didn’t exist before. The Horse Is Not Listening to Your Aids Horses have been derided as unintelligent, but this is only if you compare their intelligence to your own. Nature has endowed the horse with all the intelligence he needs. Horses learn quickly, for example, that they can ignore – without any consequence – a rider’s half-hearted measures. The rider’s lack of assertiveness awakens the horse’s instincts for dominance. If allowed to grow, these instincts will exert themselves ever more forcefully: the horse will become increasingly confident in his alpha posturing. He may stop and threaten to rear (usually if the rider is equipped with spurs before knowing how to use them). He may become aggressive and uncooperative. In the absence of the rider’s leadership, he may claim the role of dominant horse in his herd of two. Unfortunately for the rider, she can’t understand that his misbehavior was caused by her indecisiveness and timidity. You Compromise The timid rider often resorts to compromise in the belief that her horse’s cooperation can be obtained through appeasement. A rider may sense resistance in her horse, but instead of persevering until that resistance is overcome, she retreats. Why? Because the horse is cooperative in other respects, and the rider doesn’t want to push the issue. This is what I call the “Deal with the Devil,” a Faustian bargain that starts with compromise and inevitably descends into a downward spiral of cheat and retreat. A horse aware that he lives in a consequence-free environment will inevitably find something else you can’t make him do. To maintain the pretense of peace, the timid rider compromises yet again, hoping that the behavior will disappear on its own. She is fooling herself. The rider that consistently fails to direct her horse sows the seeds of defiance: at best ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017


Premier Dressage Facility TRAINING FOR HORSES Starting the young horse to Grand Prix

INSTRUCTION FOR RIDERS All levels, school horse available Trailer-ins welcome

RIDER CERTIFICATIONS Regular certification testing

810.433.2068 707.975.6847 HOWELL, MI


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in while there. One cost $850,000, and the other was purchased for $950,000, and the taxpayer took depreciation on them. The court said that the taxpayer’s purchase of these two motor coaches was “not indicative of a businesslike manner,” and rejected the argument that the motor coaches had been purchased to reduce travel costs. In addition, the taxpayer did not issue either a Form 1099 or a Form W-2 reporting wages paid to hired farmhands for each of the years in issue. But the biggest concern of the Tax Court was the large amount of losses over an extended number of years, which significantly reduced taxable income from family trusts. The court said that “A record of large losses over many years and the unlikelihood of achieving profitability are persuasive evidence that a taxpayer did not have” the objective of operating a profitmaking venture. “The amount of profits in relation to the amount of losses incurred may provide useful criteria in determining the taxpayer’s intent.” About John Alan Cohan John Alan Cohan is an attorney representing people in federal and state tax disputes, IRS appeals, and Tax Court litigation, and is a long-standing author of a legal advice column published in numerous sporting magazines. In addition, he advises organizations on compliance with newly enacted laws and regulations. John is also author of the book Turn Your Hobby Into A Business – The Right Way. He can be reached at: (310) 278-0203, or email him at johnalancohan@aol.com. His website is JohnAlanCohan.com.

In Case Of An Audit By John Alan Cohan, Attorney at Law In recent times it has become very difficult for people in the horse industry to “win” IRS audits. The biggest problem occurs when a taxpayer has a long history of losses, coupled with sizable tax deductions used to offset income from other sources. Adding to this burden is the fact that the IRS almost always tacks on negligence or even fraud penalties. Usually, the IRS won’t even settle cases. Instead, it is necessary to go to IRS Appeals or U.S. Tax Court, where there are opportunities to settle a deficiency claimed by the IRS. But there are also a lot of adverse rulings in Tax Court. And if the taxpayer has little income to show for the horse activity, offers of settlement are not as generous as in former years. People who are in the startup phase (first 5 to 10 years) have a better chance of convincing the IRS that the activity is engaged in for profit, with the argument that more time is needed in order to turn a profit. What often matters is objective evidence: It matters if the taxpayer has a formal business plan with substantive financial projections and cost details. As a taxpayer, you should be able to explain to the auditor how you intend to achieve a profit, and when you anticipate that will occur, as backed up by the business plan. A business plan prepared in anticipation of an audit will do no good. The IRS will not regard this as a true business plan. Nor will canned business plans with such statements as “It is our intention to raise the best horses possible, to accumulate the best mares, acquire stallions to breed, breed the mares, produce foals, and cull a portion of the foal crop and keep the remainder.” Simplistic language will not do. And only a detailed income and expense projection will pass muster. It is not enough to simply have good records consisting of a check register and copies of third-party documentation, such as bills, invoices, statements and receipts. Everyone is expected to maintain such records for use in preparing tax returns. Individual records for each horse are desirable, with expenses for each horse and current and historical rosters for each horse. The IRS will want to know about efforts made to breed and sell animals and, in the case of racing, to win purses. Advertising can take on many different forms, including showing of horses and attending sales and auctions where time can be devoted to promoting one’s program. But the IRS will want to see substantial concentrated advertising apart from horse shows. In addition, the IRS will want to see evidence that the taxpayer sought or received financial advice from experts on the business end of the activity. Cutting down on expenses is an important element. For example, in a recent case, Hylton v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue (T.C. Memo 2016-234), the Tax Court reviewed losses over a consecutive period of 16 years involving a quarter horse farm. (Not all of the years were at issue because of the statute of limitations, but the IRS and Tax Court can still look at the entire history of the operation.) One aspect of the case was that the taxpayer had purchased two motor coaches to use for travel to and from horse shows and to stay ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017

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Now Offering Liability Insurance To Individual and Family Members A $1,000,000 personal excess liability insurance is included with each enhanced individual or family MHC membership! Individual Enhanced Membership - $38.00 Family Enhanced Membership - $60.00 (We’re sorry that this insurance is not available for equine industry professionals)

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Horse Association & Trail Riders News

BLACK SWAMP DRIVING CLUB, OHIO With construction all around Upper Sandusky, Ohio’s Parker Bridge, the Sept. 17th drive was moved to Ann and Wayne Leightey's farm, just down the road from the historic covered bridge. Their shady backyard provided space for trailer parking and a tasty potluck lunch. The hosts grilled a mouth-watering pork loin roast along with other delights. Several of the farm's tom turkeys strutted around, entertaining the gathering. President Julie Emmons called a brief meeting to order to discuss upcoming events, especially the fast approaching Holiday Banquet, scheduled for Nov. 11th at the Good Hope Lutheran Church, Arlington, OH. She asked for items for the silent auction. Sue Murray explained that a Chinese auction would also be held with tickets available for “bidding.” Several members said that they had not received an August or September Corral. Other members complained that the digital version would not download on their computers. Options for the club newsletter will be explored. Six turnouts had the choice of driving the various farm lanes or a route around the local roads. Although the day was unseasonably hot, members had lengthy drives around the farm and down the road before returning to the shady, cool backyard. Continuing the series of Fall drives, Sue and Roger Murray welcomed Western Reserve Carriage Association members along with BSDC regulars Sept. 26th at the Coon Hunters Lodge, rural Tiffin, OH. After yet another great potluck lunch, turnouts had the choice of a 4.5 mile or 6.5 mile drive following the scenic Sandusky River, along quiet country roads, and up and down a couple of hills. Jackie and Mike Minges hosted a joint drive with the Michigan Horse Drawn Vehicle Association Oct. 1st at the Crosswinds Wetlands/Wildlife Preserve near New Bolton, MI. This 4,000 acre park sports a 4.5 mile equestrian trail that circles the area, featuring wide gravel and dirt paths bordered by grass verges and two bridges. Drivers

were on the lookout for all kinds of birds and more than 40 species of mammals that call the park home. After the usual delicious potluck, a call for three members to run for the BSDC board was made. Members interested should contact President Julie Emmons or one of the other board members. The election will be held at the banquet on Nov. 11th. The problem of Coggins and health papers was mentioned. Ohio members had to have these in order to cross into Michigan legally for the Crosswinds drive. Plans are being made for the Jan., Feb., and March meetings. Topics and programs are needed and suggestions can be given to any of the board members. New board members will be in place by the January meeting. Interested in learning about driving equines? Guests are welcome at all Black Swamp Driving Club events. Make plans to attend an upcoming meeting and discover the fun of carriage driving as well as connecting with like minded carriage enthusiasts. Visit us online at www.blackswampdrivingclub.com

BRIGHTON TRAIL RIDERS ASSOCIATION Isn't the weather fascinating, even perplexing? Our column last month mentioned that the fall season was still ahead of us on the calendar, but the weather had been decidedly fall-like. Now we're several weeks into the official fall season and experiencing seventy-degree weather, and we can still ride the trails in short sleeves. The pleasant weather was welcomed on the weekend of October 7th, when the annual Pinckney to Brighton Ride was held. The weather forecast had strongly suggested a considerable amount of rain and we all were quite anxious, but the day turned out to be glorious, with warm temperatures, blue skies and puffy clouds. The rain did come later in the evening, and how, and the 100,000-plus football fans in nearby Ann Arbor took a soaking. Once again, we thank Mother Nature for being so kind to us, even though she wasn't nice to those fans.



We've explained this before, but a brief description of this event is worth repeating. It's co-hosted by the Brighton Trail Riders and Pinckney Trail Riders. It alternates from year to year and this year, it took riders from the staging area in the Pinckney Recreation Area to the staging area in the Brighton Recreation Area. Next year, the route will be reversed. All the logistical details were explained in our September column but suffice it to say that this event demands a lot of planning, preparation, and coordination. It requires a load of volunteer assistance and a good number of members from both our organizations stepped forward to help. If all of these factors did not come into play, this event simply could not be held. Is all this work worth it? Well, once again we drew a near-record number of participants and over sixty riders showed up. Even more folks showed up for lunch at the Brighton staging area and one fellow commented, “I couldn't ride today, but I've got a belly-full of hungry!” Yes, this outdoor event – the biggest of the year for both organizations – was indeed a success. One more event has brought us to Brighton. It involved labor instead of play. Our Fall Work Bee, took place on October 21st. This is when we cleaned up and cleared up the trails, and then “put them to bed” for the upcoming winter months. That doesn't mean that the trails won't get more use. There are still plenty of riders who will be enjoying the late fall colors and early winter chills, so don't let the calendar keep you from visiting. As far as organized events go, November is pretty quiet but we'll be hard at work preparing for our annual Christmas Party, held on December 9th. Once again, this event is cohosted with the Pinckney Trail Riders and it's always been very popular. We'll talk some more about that in next month's column. Mark Delaney, BTRA President

Michigan and Ohio Associations this section is FREE! DEADLINE: the 13th of each month. WORD LIMIT: 600 words EMAIL: saddleup@voyager.net WWW.SADDLEUPMAG.COM

Horse Association & Trail Riders News

FORT CUSTER HORSE FRIENDS ASSOC. Hello Trail Riders! We would like to start out with a big Thank You to all of the equestrians that made it to our Fall Camp Out. The turnout was incredible with 37 sites rented and over 70 riders. The 4 day event was blessed with beautiful weather, and gorgeous trails for old and new friends to enjoy. Everyone was fed a delicious breakfast of pancakes, sausage and eggs with real maple syrup (donated by the Lett's) both Saturday and Sunday mornings. The Saturday supper potluck had riders stuffed with pulled pork and yummy dishes to eat, so much so that no one could waddle away from the fundraising auction that followed! The donated items raised monies that will be put back into our trails and plans for future projects. Thank You to Muddy Creek for the new rain gear jackets that were donated and also to Tractor Supply Co. and Family Farm and Home for their donations to our auction! Attendees for the camp out helped out tremendously with donations, cleaning up their sites and hopefully spreading the word for next year's camp out dates! News on our campground proposal is good. The proposal that Roger Glidden has been working on with our Park manager, Tony Trojanowski has been submitted in it's final copy. This still has many steps of reviewing within the DNR and the process will surely take time. Hopefully, we have presented a well thought out, documented request that will benefit both equestrians and the DNR for the future of the Fort Custer Recreation Area. Our trails have been busy this season. Weekends bring 20-30 rigs a day in for riding. The diagonal parking at the trail-head is working to ensure all have a spot for easy in and easy out. Please sign in at the pavilion to allow us to show the numbers for trail usage. The trails are open all year but please, for your safety, stay out for the gun season November 15-30th. Wear bright colors for the bow hunters and small game hunters to see also! Come and ride for the best colors yet for fall and explore the 20+ miles with creek crossings, rolling hills, prairies and lakes. Bring a

friend! Go to www.fchfa.org for any information on our club or the trails. Become a member for $20 and know you are a part of the best trails in southwest Michigan! See you on the trails! Toni Strong, FCHFA Secretary

GREAT LAKES DISTANCE RIDING ASSOCIATION Endurance riding is: for all ages and abilities. From the youngest junior riders to seniors who have plenty of time to travel far and wide to compete, riders from across the U.S. and Canada have many things in common: a love for their equines, desire to ride on scenic trails, and at least a little bit of competitive spirit. Riders compete in endurance (50 or more miles) and limited distance (25-35 miles) rides. AERC offers junior-level prizes in most categories, and all riders may compete for regional and national awards, or just to earn mileage awards with their favorite trail companion. Challenging events – In endurance riding, the equine and rider are a team, and the challenge is to complete the course with a horse that is "fit to continue." A panel of control judges supervises the equines, each of which must pass a pre-ride examination in order to start the event. During each ride are set hold times, which vary in duration from a simple gate-and-go to one-hour rest holds. During these holds, the equine's physical and metabolic parameters are checked. The horse must pass the exam in order to continue on the course. Each horse must also pass a post-ride exam in order to receive credit for completing the course. Educational and fun – Member education, through AERC's mentoring program and articles in Endurance News, helps riders learn the latest tips and techniques for this exciting sport. Learning together can be fun, and friendships spring up along the trails as riders share their experiences and become part of AERC's "endurance family." A great family sport – Whether you are a competitor at heart or are looking for a sport for your entire family, endurance riding has ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017 (45)

something for everyone. Endurance riding combines the opportunity of riding a challenging course with your equine partner and the fun and camaraderie of camping and socializing with a group of individuals who share your same interests. Competition itself is just part of the fun of this family-oriented sport. Welcoming to beginners – The best way to get started in endurance riding is to volunteer at a local ride, get your horse in shape, and read up on AERC's educational literature. Mentors are committed to helping new members and answering their questions about endurance riding. Once your equine and you are ready, it's time to try a limited distance event of 25 to 35 miles. These rides are great for newcomers to the sport, or those who prefer riding shorter distances. Everyone who completes an AERC ride earns a completion award. But no award can match the satisfaction of earning your first completion! An advocate for trails – AERC is the nation's leader in encouraging the use, protection and development of equestrian trails, especially those with historical significance. Many events – particularly multi-day rides – take place over historic trails. Such rides promote awareness of the importance of trail preservation for future generations, and foster appreciation of our American heritage. If you and your horse are ready for the trail and the challenge...we invite you to join us! The GLDRA ride season has rides all over Michigan, from Marquette to Brighton, and even includes a multi-day ride on the historic Shore to Shore trail. So check us out today, www.gldrami.org. Get ready to experience the trails in a whole new way in 2018!

HIGHLAND TRAIL RIDERS ASSOCIATION HTRA Happenings – HTRA's “All About the Horse” art contest hit an all time high this year. Thank you to all who participated and attended. We have been holding this event for several years now and have decided to try something new in 2018. I have been told it will be art related, but the details are still being worked out. Stay tuned for add’l. info. WWW.SADDLEUPMAG.COM

Horse Association & Trail Riders News HIGHLAND TRAIL RIDERS ASSOC., cont. For those of you unfamiliar with Highland Recreation Area's horse trails versus hunting area's, be sure to check out the trail map located on our website. The East side of the park does prohibit hunting. However, the West side of the park (area past the tunnel) is open to hunting. I have the ability to ride into the park from my house. We do not ride the west side of Highland from November 14th thru 30th. Gun fire can be heard frequently during this two week period. We resume riding the west side of the park from December 1st forward and have never had any problems. You should always wear orange during hunting season regardless of where you ride. We are always looking for new members and people who want to get involved. We have membership forms and additional contact information on our website at: highlandtrailriders.com or visit us on Facebook. Be safe, wear orange and enjoy Michigan's fall riding season!

IONIA HORSE TRAILS ASSOCIATION By the time this issue goes to print, our Annual Chili Cookoff will be in the books for 2017. Hopefully, the rain held off and we had a successful event! At our September meeting we elected half our board. Sue Manes, Maggie VanDyken, and Nancy Simmonds will continue on our board. Prior board members who have come back are Mickey Dawson and Ron Walker. Chris Osmolinski advised us in late August that she did not intend to continue on the board; lucky for us, Jennifer Ross stepped up to fill that role for the remainder of Chris's term - until elections in 2018. We are looking forward to the fall riding season and hope you all get plenty of riding in this fall. We hope to spend our winter working toward some fun events for 2018, and hope to see you out on the trails, and around the campfires. Happy Trails, IHTA

MiCMO MAYBURY TRAIL RIDERS ASSOCIATION Our September 29th Scrabble Ride was a great success! We had perfect weather, sunny and mild, very few bugs and wonderful attendance! People came from as far away as Blissfield, and Pontiac Lake, and of course many locals and members. THANK YOU ALL FOR JOINING US!! There were 18 official riders and about another dozen potluck and campfire sitters who came for the FOOD! Gosh, I LOVE POTLUCK! We gained a couple more members. Welcome Ellen C. from Ypsi, Kim P. from Britton! So glad you joined us! The park rangers were there for us and provided support and firewood for our campfire in spite of the many events that were going on that day! Thank You to the Maybury Staff! The trails were spectacular, with a hint of color. They were in their glory as i write this! We have the 2018 Event Dates! PLEASE PUT THESE IN YOUR CALENDAR! MONDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 2017 FUND RAISING EVENT. This event will be at the SOUTH LYON LIBRARY from 6:00-8:00pm. This is a Scentsy Party by our own Lisa Zitnik! Please come and support our beautiful Maybury equine trail! There will be great gift ideas. For more information go to: www.lisa zitnik.scentsy.us, or please check out our Facebook page. WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 6TH, 2017 ANNUAL MEETING WEDNESDAY, JUNE 10TH, 2018 – GOLF OUTING FUND RAISING EVENT JUNE 24TH, 2018 – SUMMER RIDE SEPTEMBER 29TH, 2018 – FALL RIDE We are so efficient. There are so many things to look forward to! Check us out at mayburytrailriders.org, on Facebook or contact me, Christina Purslow at 248-912-5238 or email me at crispurslow @yahoo.com for more information. Hope you all enjoy this beautiful season and get MUCH riding in. Remember: Life is shortride, Ride, RIDE! Christina

Michigan & Ohio Associations/Clubs – This Is A FREE Section! ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017


MICHIGAN COMPETITIVE MOUNTED ORIENTEERING Just getting in from the barn and watching the sky darken two hours before my bedtime, I realize that daylight is so valuable. The days will only get shorter and the time with my horse after work may be limited. Take advantage of the small moments this winter to help grow the relationship between you and your horse. There are lots of articles out there that will give you great winter training tips that you can do right inside the barn. All of this will help you get ready for your competitive mounted orienteering rides next year! This season has come to a close with the final ride of the year enjoying warmer than average temperatures. The planning will now begin for the annual awards banquet in February. It has been a great year with six teams tied nationally for the top spot. When this happens, the placings are decided on the number of riders present on the day of the competition. Before the final results are in, two teams from Michigan are coming in second and fifth for the long course. We have a short course team hanging in there at third place nationally. Doing a CMO course alone is a tremendous feat for anyone and we have a great showing in the rankings for that too. Both the short course and the long course find a Michigan rider in the top spot. I feel very proud to be part of an organization that has such a strong holding at the national level. Michigan has been part of the competitive mounted orienteering world for over 25 years. In that time we have seen riders come and go, injuries happen and mend, marriages, retirements, children learning to ride and growing into great competitors. We hope you can get us on your calendars for next year as our schedule will start coming together within a few months. Thanks to everyone who joined us this summer to make 2017 a fun and memorable season. See you on the trails, Janet Email us your submission by the 13th of each month (word limit 600). Email: saddleup@voyager.net WWW.SADDLEUPMAG.COM

Horse Association & Trail Riders News

MICHIGAN FOX TROTTER ASSOC. Make plans to attend our upcoming meeting on November 4th, at 11:00 am, at The Timbers Bar & Grille, 6415 State St. in Saginaw, MI. We will be meeting in their side room. This is a family-friendly restaurant with great reviews. This will be a summer review/2018 planning meeting. What did we do well? What can we do better? Are we offering the clinics that you find helpful? We need your input and help. So please come and speak up! We are all about promoting the use of and enjoyment of MFTs in our state. If you show your MFT in High School equestrian team or open shows, we can advise you. Contact Char Ostrom at 517983-3550 and she will help you with any questions you may have. We also need to nominate 2018 officers. All nominees must be in good standing with MFTA and MFTHBA. MFTA dues for 2018 will be accepted at this meeting or you can mail them to me now via MFTA, 2333 Hagadorn Road, Mason, MI 48854. Print the membership form that is found on our website or Facebook page. Send your 2018 MFTHBA dues to P.O. Box 1027, Ava, MO 65608 or online by going to MFTHBA.com. If you miss this meeting, you can go to our website, michiganfoxtrotters.com, to read the newsletters and access all sorts of helpful information. We have an active Facebook page. Check there for more current updates. As always we welcome and encourage you to attend, even if you don't own an MFT (yet). Marilyn Mannino (Sec./Treas.)

fun day raised several hundred dollars for our work in maintaining and improving the trails and campground at the Ortonville Recreation Equestrian Area. Thanks again! The year is winding down and we are about to schedule our annual meeting for members and friends. Watch for a date on our Facebook page, “Ortonville Recreation Equestrian Association”and join us for some seasonal fun mixed with a little business. OREA is a 501c3 and welcomes all interested persons. Membership directly supports our work at the park. Applications can be printed from hadleyhills.com or mailed to you upon request. Call/text me or leave a note on our website's “Contact” tab. Happy trails! Karen DeOrnellas, OREA President 913-660-8012

PROUD LAKE TRAIL RIDERS ASSOCIATION Hello Everyone! The board of Proud Lake would like to thank everyone who came out and participated in our 2017 events. From our banquet to our Scavenger Ride and then our Obstacle Ride. Camping was such a hit that we broke open our additional lot and created twenty more hitching posts. We’ve had the highest attendance at all of our events this year, so thank you for making everything such a success! We have our 2018 calendar dates so please mark them down. Our annual banquet will be Friday, February 9th, 2018 at Bakers in MIlford. I will have more details on this always packed event as we get closer. It is a great time to get together with old riding buddies and make some new ones. Our banquets always include a fantastic dinner, an over the top silent auction and more fun than you can pack into one evening. The dates of our riding events will be Sunday, ORTONVILLE RECREATION EQUESTRIAN June 3rd, we will be camping all weekend, ASSOCIATION (OREA) and Sunday, Sept. 23rd with camping again Thanks to all who took part in our Judged Trail all weekend. Camping is always full of panRide! Forty teams hit the trails to test their cakes, movies, campfires and lots of riding. skills on ten obstacles. A very competitive Our events are known for our famous potluck group of folks for sure! Your support of this lunches and we always throw in prizes too! ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017 (47)

All of our events are open to everyone. You do not need to be a member of our group (although we would love for you to be!) We have people that come out without horses just to hang out and socialize. Everyone is welcome and we look forward to meeting up with our old friends and making new ones. If you would like to be added to our email list to be reminded of upcoming events please email Nancy Efrusy at efrusy@yahoo.com. Lastly, I want to remind everyone that there is hunting in Proud Lake Recreation Area, please wear your ORANGE. Have a great fall everyone! Can’t wait to see you all at the banquet. – Nancy Efrusy

WESTERN DRESSAGE ASSOCIATION® OF MICHIGAN Congratulations to our two Michigan members, Suzanne Morisse and Kristal Homoki, on their participation in the WDAA Western Dressage World Show held in Guthrie, OK! We are so proud of the two of you! Kristal and Mtn Top Goodness Gracious completed in the Open Division Basic and Level 1. This was the first time they had competed at the World Show and their scores improved with each ride! Suzanne and Sabreena Sue competed in the Open Division as well and earned the following: 4th place in Level 3 Test 2, 3rd place in Level 3 Test 3 and 4th place in Level 3 Test 4. We are so proud of our Michigan ladies and their horses. Competing at this level takes preparation and commitment. Congratulations, Kristal and Suzanne!! The WDAMI banquet is fast approaching! It will be held on February 24th. The location and time will be forthcoming. We hope you can join us for this celebration of Michigan Western Dressage riders. If you are sending in paperwork for Year End Awards, please review our Prizes and Awards listed on our website at: www. wdami.org. The guidelines for the awards can be found there. It is important that you take time to review the guidelines so all paperwork is in proper order and able to be considered for Year End Awards. Entries for consideration must be postmarked no later WWW.SADDLEUPMAG.COM

Horse Association & Trail Riders News WESTERN DRESSAGE ASSOC., cont. than November 15th. If you have questions about the guidelines, please email infowdami @gmail.com with your inquiries. Entries will not be opened until after the November 15th deadline. The next few months WDAMI will be discussing activities for the 2018 season. If you have suggestions or ideas you would like to share, please email them to infowdami@ gmail.com. Also, if you would like to listen in on a WDAMI Board meeting, please contact us at the above email address and we will send you information so you can join us. All WDAMI memberships expire on January 1st, 2018. To renew your national membership and/or your state membership go to our website at www.wdami.org and you can renew there. This is a dual membership and the annual cost is $50, $25 for state membership and $25 for national membership. Thank you, again, to the many schooling shows that have added Western Dressage classes at their shows. This sport continues to grow and bring in many kinds of horses and riders. All of you are to be commended for you efforts. It is our hope that WD has afforded many opportunities to you and your equine partner. Plus it is fun!!

We will still have Leadline, Walk Trot and Novice classes, though. Halter classes will also be combined for the same reason and will now be Junior Mares, Junior Geldings and Junior Stallions ages 2 yr. and under with Senior Mares, Senior Geldings and Senior Stallions as 3 yrs. and older. We will still hold Performance Halter and Non Pro Halter classes as before. WMAR will also be adding some Non Pro Walk Trot classes. Plans are under way for the year end awards banquet. Remember to keep an eye out for some silent raffle items while you are out there shopping. I believe Amy has the points posted on our Facebook page. 'til next month….. Sharon Clark

YANKEE SPRINGS TRAIL RIDERS ASSOCIATION Board Meeting Minutes – October 11, 2017 We want to thank John and Cindy Dermody for hosting this meeting and getting us out of the rain and cold tonight! We had a counter full of food for the pre-meeting potluck. The meeting was called to order at 6:35 pm by Ron Walker. Present: Laura Soper, Carla Walker, Skip Burger, Kathy Taylor, Ruth Terpening, Jeanne Burger, Ken Terpening, Ron Walker, Jodi Jirtle, Suzie Dykstra, John Dermody, John WESTERN MICHIGAN APPALOOSA Soper, Tom Chaffee, Micki Vandenbosch REGIONAL Attending Member: Cindy Dermody, and It's kind of hard to tell it's fall, what with all the Carolyn Chaffee warm weather we've had in September and Special Guest: Andru Jevicks October. For most of us it's the end of show season, while others are at the Appaloosa Consent Agenda: Skip Burger made a motion World Show most likely as you are reading to accept the Secretary's and the Treasury's this. We've got some exciting changes com- reports as written, Tom Chaffee 2nd, voted ing up for 2018, some of which still need to be on and approved 14-0. finalized. I will reveal them as they are con- Halloween Event October 14th: Carla Walker gave an update, new items have been firmed in future newsletters. purchased for the haunted ride. A movie will First of all, we will be doing away with prebe shown for the kids camping in the Pavilion paid stalls at all the shows!! Yes, you heard after dark. that right...no more sending me checks for stalls! I am soooo happy with that! We will Generator: Kathy Taylor made a motion the also be combining the three age groups for club purchase a quieter 3500w generator, youth into “Youth 18 Yr. & under” until such Carla 2nd, voted on and approved 14-0. time that class numbers start growing again. Registration 9:00 am-10:00 am ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017 (48)

Adults $10.00, 12 years of age and younger are free Haunted ride 9:30-11:30 optional Costume Parade 12:00 Lunch/Potluck 1:00 pm Awards 2:00 – Best Dog Costume Award Campsite Trick or Treating 6:00 pm Best Decorated Campsite Contest Coffee and rolls Sunday am , no breakfast Suzie Dykstra made a motion the club purchase a 12x12 canopy, Laura 2nd. This was tabled until next spring when they will go on sale. Trail Report: Ron will be putting up the Sager road sign and the no-bikes signs up this Friday. A tree down on the 6 mile was reported west of the Pines Trail. A Proposed 2018 calendar has been created and sent out to the board members for consideration, to be discussed at the next meeting. A request was made for solar lights in the bathrooms and hand sanitizer. Andru approved the solar lights and will check on the hand sanitizer. Ron asked for a vote on who wants to continue to boycott the MHC, voted 14-0 to continue boycott. Any member of the MTRA should send a letter to the Board of MTRA, explaining their opinion about the MTRA participating in the horse council expo. This is the council that the super majority of trail rider associations left due to the fact that they do not abide by their bylaws. Email: Mtra.office@gmail.com Corrals: Sand is needed in the corrals and under picket lines. Andru will look into getting a load delivered to the campground. A reminder to everyone: Please clean the corrals before leaving, don't leave a mess for the next person's horse. Ron will create a sign to post on each corral as a reminder to clean, Andru would like to review before posting. The hitching posts in the day use area are getting worn and need to be replaced. Land Manager Andru Jevicks: Sample Grant request, will send to John Soper. Negotiations have been taking place with Consumers Power regarding bringing power into the horsemen's campground. Andru met with Governor Snyder and gave him a tour of the Yankee Springs Park and told him he WWW.SADDLEUPMAG.COM

Horse Association & Trail Riders News YANKEE SPRINGS TRAIL RIDERS, cont. wanted to bring electric into the horsemen's campground one day. Andru will also resubmit our spur trail proposal to the Stewardship Department with the recommendation that horse trails can coexist with the Massasauga rattle snake and to get some federal input. A car counter will also be purchased by the DNR and installed next spring. A cement strip needs to be installed for the counter wire to efficiently work. Also a reminder if you are camping in the park and having trouble with annoying camping neighbors. There is a phone no. to the DNR on the kiosk to call 24/7. If no one answers you can call 911, they know who to call. Eye Brow Trails: A request for a couple of eye brow trails going off the main trail to an overlook. Andru said to write a proposal & submit. Sign needed to horsemen's camp from Gun Lake to Hasting Point Road, to Duffy, to camp. Ron emailed to Andru what signs are needed and what they should say, he will have them made up.

Allegan County Pleasure Riders Benefit Ride has asked YSTRA for help with 2018's benefit ride. They will make a donation to our club for each volunteer. Volunteers would be needed in registration and on the trails for directions. Ron will get more details. The money goes to the Wings of Hope Hospice. New Year's Day: We will again host a ride and lunch at YS. New Business: Saddle Up! Magazine Membership Drive, Kathy Taylor will get the specific price and submit the paperwork. Ron made a motion we say the Pledge of Allegiance to our Flag before each meeting, Ruth 2nd, voted on approved 14-0. Road cleanup will be this Friday, October 13th at 10:00 am. Need to schedule a work day to build more shelves in the trailer. Next meeting will be held at Ron & Carla Walker's house. Skip made a motion to close the meeting at 8:05 pm. Happy Trails, Kathy Taylor, Secretary

Michigan & Ohio this is a FREE Section! Michigan & Ohio Associations and Clubs Please Note: The staff at Saddle Up! Magazine will NOT place event dates from this section into our Show & Event date section. You must enter your events online at:

www.saddleupmag.com/calendar.html Fax: 810.714.1465 Email: saddleup@voyager.net

Saddle Up! Magazine Accepts online show & event dates from ANY state/country including Canada! We will only PRINT Michigan & Ohio show & event dates for FREE. Show & event dates are printed in our magazine up to 3 months in advance. Online events can be entered months in advance and there is no word limit!

Coming Soon to Saddle Up! Magazine... JANUARY 2018 MEMBERSHIP DRIVE

TACK SALE SPECIAL Is your association or group holding a tack sale this winter or the following spring?

All participating associations/organizations receive a 1/2 page black & white ad in our special pull-out section in Saddle Up! Magazine’s January 2018 edition. Utilize your 1/2 page ad for your membership form and/or your show dates for 2018. An additional online 1/2 page black & white ad is complimentary for your association’s bio. Your online presence will be a full page which includes a 1/2 page association bio and a 1/2 page membership form. Each ad will be placed in alphabetical order and will be separated by state (MI and OH).

Saddle Up! Magazine is proud to offer associations special rates on their Tack Sale ads! The longer you run your ad, the better your discount! 1/4 Pg. BW 1x $80 per month 1/4 Pg. BW 2x $70 per month 1/4 Pg. BW 3x $60 per month 1/2 Pg. BW 1x $110 per month 1/2 Pg. BW 2x $100 per month 1/2 Pg. BW 3x $90 per month

The entire Membership Drive section will appear on Saddle Up! Magazine’s website home page for ALL of 2018!

Full Pg. BW 1x $160 per month Full Pg. BW 2x $150 per month Full Pg. BW 3x $140 per month

Deadline: December 13, 2017

These rates are better than our normal 12x horse association discount! Deadlines are always the 13th of the month for the following issue.

* Rates above are for non-profit organizations only *

2018 Membership Drive Only $95!

Offer valid November 2017 – March 2018 issues only.

SADDLE UP! MAGAZINE • www.saddleupmag.com Email: saddleup@voyager.net • (810) 714-9000 • (810) 714-1465 fax ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017



The Power of Horses Written by Shelby Agnew Horses are one of those animals that no matter ones age, they will always entangle themselves inside the hearts of people. Even though not everyone is lucky enough to constantly be in the presence of these gentle creatures, most will develop any connection possible to horses. For some, horses have left lasting hoof prints on the minds of those they have touched. Horses can help mentally heal people by giving them a sense of belonging, in addition to allowing people to overcome their pasts and develop new relationships in the future. Opponents would argue that horses cannot act as therapists, they cannot help people recover from personal issues. This is far from the truth. Horses are silent and mellow creatures, ready to listen to various secrets or rants, unwilling to betray or criticize their person. Clinician Tim Hayes asserted that “just by establishing a positive relationship, horses can help people recover from deeply painful afflictions with the aid of the simple love, understanding and acceptance.” They act as a shoulder to cry on while teaching people to be calm and careful in their actions since horses will react unexpectedly if a person is dangerous in their movements. The photo of Maddy Green and her horse Cleo (right), perfectly exemplifies this. Maddy is clearly acting tenderly and lovingly toward her mare as she is holding and gazing at Cleo adoringly. Due to Maddy's relaxed disposition, Cleo is able to reflect her owner and the pair is able to feed off of each others attitudes. Since they are both unperturbed, responding only to each others expressions, they are at an understanding of love and caring. Maddy knows that she can confess anything to Cleo, releasing any negative feelings she may have without repercussions. (photo credit Shelby Agnew) Similarly, Trecia Rodgers, a mentally wounded United States Army veteran, understood that if she went to a lesson angry, a horse will pick up on those feelings. Rodgers, who suffered from extreme anger and nightmares, began equine therapy in hopes that she could finally heal. She soon learned to curb her temper and interact more effectively toward her horse in order for both of them to enjoy the ride. Over time, Rodgers learned to communicate with her family and coworkers in a positive manner, since her horse taught her to let go of that anger and enjoy the moment. Horses are there for people in a beautiful way, never concerning themselves over someone's past, choosing to care for the present. Along the way, they offer people an outlet to savor life once again and heal emotionally afflicted wounds. Craig Morris, a National Cutting Horse Association champion and trainer, mentioned that “a lot of people don't realize that these guys are our friends.” Horses are unexpectedly some of the greatest friends one can have. They may not speak; however, they still educate people on the way to handle emotions and recover from severely painful pasts. Horses are ones silent yet impactful therapists. Horses have the inability to be judgmental or reveal any secrets. They are naturally calm herd animals who want to give new people a chance to learn how to love. This is similar to Susan Richards' experience with her rescued horse, Lay Me Down. The mare allowed Richards to enter her world and take care of her, in turn taking care of Richards. This author recounted that due to Lay Me Down's gentle affection “I felt restored to the status of someone ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017

who mattered, someone who was needed.” Because of Lay Me Down's poor physical condition, Richards did everything in her power to take care of her emaciated horse, giving Richards a sense of importance, a feeling rarely felt after an abusive childhood and marriage. Richards even went so far as to state that Lay Me Down gave her “a sense of family and for the first time, we had both been free from our fears.” Never before had Richards felt a true sense of security in friendship. Furthermore, since horses are prey animals, they are naturally highly observant. They constantly scan and analyze their surroundings, contributing to their attentiveness to human emotions. Holly Hansen, an equine-assisted Physcotherapist, remarked that for people who have experienced trauma, this cautious trait in horses can be deemed relatable. This would have deepened the bond Richards formed with Lay Me Down. Both had escaped a painful past and found each other, providing an equal understanding of acceptance. Craig Morris contended that “horses are something to take care of, they produce a sense of purpose that many people need. This boosts people's confidence in themselves knowing that another creature requires their attention and care.” In addition, Richards would concur with Morris that “the last thing I ever want to do is hurt that horse.” These animals are faithful companions that never deserve any possible harm while granting people a reason to wake up in the morning. Horses are horses. They are not aware of people's pasts, nor do they care. As Tim Hayes remarked, “they just want to feel safe, comfortable, and get along.” This allows horses and people to develop positive relationships with each other. When a person with a troubled past interacts with a horse, he/she will eventually learn that if this gentle giant can be trusted, so can people. At Remuda Ranch near Phoenix, Arizona, this statement holds true. The facility practices equine therapy for women with eating disorders by maintaining that riding, grooming and simply working with horses helps our residents gain self-confidence, trust, self efficacy, positive body image and communication skills. For people with mental illnesses such as anorexia and bulimia, they typically have multiple fears that contribute to commitment, trust, and social issues. After being assessed and paired with an appropriate horse, the person discovers new skills and confronts fears, meanwhile establishing faith in the animal, thus restoring a renewed sense of higher esteem in oneself along with an increase in self worth. The horse teaches its rider that if a genuine and affectionate relationship can be created (50)


WORKS CITED: Agnew, Shelby, 2017. A Special Kind of Love. Midland, MI. Equine Therapy Helps Women Overcome Anorexia and Bulimia; Leading Eating Disorder Treatment Facility States Equine Therapy Is Extremely Beneficial in the Treatment of Eating Disorders. PR Newswire Association LLC. 23 July 2003. Student Resources in Context. Web. 11 May 2017. Esposito, Lisa. Equine Therapy: How Horses Help Humans Heal. U.S. News & World Report L.P., 2 Sept. 2016. Web. 29 May 2017. Garcia, Laura. Veteran Says Equine Therapy Saved Her Life. Victoria Advocate Publishing Co. 21 Dec. 2016. Student Resources in Context. Web. 11 May 2017. Hayes, Tim. How Horses Help Us Heal. Editorial. EQUUS July 2015: n. pag. The Horse Owner's Resource. Cruz Bay Publishing, Inc., 14 July 2015. Web. 16 Apr. 2017. Richards, Susan. Chosen by a Horse. New York: Soho, 2006. Print. Riding Styles. Prod. Mikon Haaksman. Ride Television, Inc., 2015. Film. Vyhnak, Carola. Horse Therapy Helps People Surmount Personal Obstacles. Toronto Star Newspapers Ltd., 30 July 2013. Web. 29 May 2017.

without being pushed around, this can also be successfully done with another person. At the Healing with Horses Farm in Richmond Hill, Canada, these animals helped solve a woman’s source of anxiety. The woman simply known as Kym, underwent a therapy session that would ultimately change her life. As Kym stood near a horse, it continued to slowly advance toward her even when kept walking in the opposite direction to keep her distance from the animal. When she would stand her ground, the horse would stop and then walk away, prompting Kym to recognize that her anxiety stemmed from her failure to set boundaries with a significant person in her life. After this realization, Kym was able to accelerate her healing process from finally determining the reason for her anxiety. For Richards, Lay Me Down helped her owner realize that after years of avoiding dating, it was time to risk a relationship with a man. Richards was finally able to understand that simply being wanted is not enough; compatibility and friendship along with trust represent what is truly important. She even admitted that despite her horse's horrific background, Lay Me Down still possessed trust and gentleness, traits that Richards ultimately grasped. Both Richards and Remuda Ranch further proved that horses help people find the inspiration to accept loss and seek the beauty in it, in order to recover. If horses can survive their pasts and move on, so can people. Horses are much more than animals. They listen. They teach. They are partners. Besides providing people with a sense of belonging, horses also let people surmount their pasts and form new relationships in order to mentally heal. Horses are truly incredible animals. They never fail to trot their way into people's hearts, permanently inserting themselves into the lives of those they meet.

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she'll use her right leg and left rein to correct him. As she leaves the left half-circle, she straightens her horse using her left leg and right rein. She maintains this straightness by evenly applying her left and right leg and hand aids. Your Next Step… Over the past several articles, we have discussed in detail the role of the bending and turning aids. Here is a thumbnail review of the aids sequence used when going from a straight line to a turn and returning to the straight line, as is practiced in the training figure 8: 1. Start the figure on one of the pattern's straight lines using even leg aids and rein aids to keep the horse straight. 2. BEFORE the turn, use the bending aids (the inside leg, and open inside rein) supporting the bend with the outside leg and outside indirect rein against the neck. 3. As you get to the turn, use the turning aids (the outside leg and outside indirect rein) to direct the horse through the turn. 4. BEFORE going straight again, use the straightening aids (the inside leg to stop the bending and bring the horse to your outside open rein). 5. As you get back to the point of going on a straight line again, evenly apply both leg aids and rein aids as to keep the horse forward and straight. The process starts over again before the next turn. Visit Lynn online for more training articles, DVDs and books at www. lynnpalm.com or call 1-800-503-2824. Lynn is also on social media on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram. Attend one of Lynn’s “Ride Well Clinics” at a location near you, or join her at Fox Grove Farm in Ocala, FL.

Training Figure 8 by Lynn Palm I'm going to give you an exercise to practice that uses both the turning and bending aids. The pattern for this exercise is what I call a “training figure 8.” It is important to understand the difference between this training pattern, as opposed to what could be called a “show ring” or “competition figure 8” pattern. The best way I can describe the training figure 8 pattern we will use is that it simulates the form of how the number “8” is written. Doing this pattern, the rider tracks across the diagonal to a half circle. After completing the half circle, she tracks across the opposite diagonal to complete the second half circle, which brings her back to the point where she started. This exercise requires the rider to use her aids from a bending turn to a straight line and a straight line to a bending turn in the opposite direction. Contrast this to a true show ring or competition figure 8 pattern. When doing a show ring figure 8 pattern, the rider follows a vertical line to a half circle, completes the half circle coming back and returns to the vertical line. She follows the vertical line to the second half circle and completes that in the opposite direction. This pattern is a turn to a straight line, to a turn, back to a straight line. We will not use this pattern. Let's get back to our training figure 8 pattern. The horse must be in proper body position on both the straight lines and turns of the pattern. This puts the horse on his best balance. The key is keeping the horse straight between the rider's leg and hand aids. The rapport between these aids is critical! The rider should start the pattern at the walk to get the coordination of aids, and give herself more time to do the figure and feel the horse's reactions in response to the aids. Once perfected at the walk, the exercise should be practiced at the trot. This figure is also great to advance to canter using a simple change of lead in the middle of the straight line. In this example, the rider will start by bringing her horse on the pattern's first half circle to the right. For the horse to bend properly to the right, the rider uses her inside or right leg. She brings her horse to the outside or left rein to keep his shoulder from moving out. Her left leg is slightly behind the girth to keep his hips inward. All her right rein does is keep the horse's nose and neck bent slightly in the direction they are moving. Her outside aids, the left leg and left rein, are used as her turning aids. She does not turn using the inside rein! As he turns, if the horse goes too far to the right (falling in), she uses her right leg and open light left rein to bring him back to the left. Completing the right half circle and coming on to the diagonal straight line, she uses her right leg and light left rein to bring her horse off the bending turn on to the straight line. Once on the diagonal, her aids are only used if the horse starts to lose straightness. For example, if he fades to the left, she uses her left leg and right rein to straighten him. Before she turns on to the next half-circle to the left, she applies the bending aids of left leg to the right rein. She keeps the right rein against the horse's neck so his shoulder does go out. Her right leg is slightly further back to keep her horse's hips inward. Her left rein lightly positions the horse's head and neck in the direction in which they are traveling. If the horse falls in too far to the left, she'll use her left leg and right rein to correct him. Then she'll maintain the straightness with her right leg and left rein. If he goes too far to the right, ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017



ShoMe Holiday ShoDown December 15th, 16th & 17th MSU Livestock Pavilion, East Lansing (Main Barn & Indoor Arena)

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Ugly Sweater Contest • Stall Decorating • Costume Class Over 300 Stalls in the Main Barn with Early Arrival Option on Thursday, December 14th Judges – Friday: Bob Milks, Rebecca Dow Saturday & Sunday: Jennifer Moshier & Drew Emnett Showmanship Bonus Judges – Christine Miller & Katie VanDyke

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Ericka Utz (248) 212-8890 or email: shomeshowoffice@yahoo.com

Pre-Ent e r by December 5t h to receive early registration rate!

www.shomeshows.com Photos by Eye of the Horse Photography




Welcome to Saddle Up! Magazines’ Youth Spot! This section features fun facts, puzzles, word searches, trivia and articles specifically tailored for equestrians ages 14 and under. Enjoy the fun!

Education is the best friend. An educated person is respected everywhere. Education beats the beauty and the youth. Chanakya, Indian Politician 350BC-275BC


WINTER’S COMING – ARE YOU AND YOUR HORSE READY? Your horse has additional needs for the long, cold winter ahead. Let’s get you and your horse prepared! Warmed Water (45-65°F) – When horses eat winter feeds, water intake may increase. Hay and grain typically contain less than 15% moisture, while pastures posses 60 to 80% moisture. There are two common problems that may result from inadequate water intake during cold weather: decreased feed intake and impaction colic. Winter Feeding – Cold temperatures will increase a horse’s energy requirement as the need to maintain core body temperature increases. Example: If the temperature is 0°F, a 1,000 pound idle, adult horse would need approximately 2 more pounds of hay each day. Shelter – Horses should have access to shelter from wind, sleet, and storms. Free access to a stable or an open-sided shed works well. A large area of trees also helps. Blanketing – The hair coat acts as insulation by trapping air. If the hair is wet or full of mud, air is excluded, reducing its insulating value and increasing heat loss. Blanketing a horse is necessary to reduce the effects of cold or inclement weather when: 1) There is no shelter available during turnout periods and the temperatures drop below 5°F, or the wind chill is below 5°F. 2) There is a chance the horse will become wet. 3) The horse has had its winter coat clipped. 4) The horse is very young or very old. 5) The horse has not been acclimated to the cold. 6) The horse has a body condition score of 3 or less. Exercise – Exercise should not stop during the winter months. During extreme winter weather, many horses are often confined. Confinement and limited exercise can lead to lower leg edema (stocking up). Efforts should be made to provide turnout or exercise as often as possible. Hoof Care – Horse hooves generally grow more slowly in the winter. Ayla is a Leopard Appaloosa mare, However, horses should still be trimmed every six to twelve weeks. and she is the mascot for our Horse hooves may develop “ice or snow balls” in their hooves during the “Youth Spot” Section. winter. These balls are ice and/or snow that make it difficult for the horse to walk, increase the chance of slipping and falls, and may put increased pressure on tendons and joints. Hooves should be picked clean daily, especially after a heavy snow. Each month, we will hide a smaller image of Ayla within the Winter Paddocks – Ice is a problem in horse paddocks as falls and slips pages of Saddle Up! Magazine. When you find her, mail us a can lead to serious injury. The best solution is to remove the horse from post card or email us with the page that you “spotted” her on the paddock until the ice melts, but few horse owners have the option. and you will be entered to win $25.00! Sand can be used to increase traction. However, horses should not be Email: saddleup@voyager.net fed in the area where the sand is spread to minimize the risk of sand Only Ages Address: 8415 Hogan Rd., Fenton, MI 48430 colic. If temperatures are not too cold, straight salt can speed the 14 & Under Please include your age and address so we melting of the ice. There is no research noting the effect of salt on horse May Enter may mail your winnings, if you win. hooves, but as a precaution, pure salt should be used in small amounts. Conclusion – During winter months, horses should be given warmed Congrats October Winner, Mariel H., Saline, MI water, fed additional hay during extreme cold, given access to shelter, Contest Rules: Ages 14 & under only. One entry per month, per receive regular hoof care, and have their body condition assessed person. Entry will be entered in our random drawing of all correct regularly. Horses, given the opportunity to acclimate to cold temperanswers. Deadline for entry: the 20th of each month. ature, often prefer and are better off outdoors. ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017



Find 12 Differences

Fun Horse Jokes Q. What does it mean if you find a horseshoe? A. A poor horse is walking around in his socks. Q. What is the difference between a horse and a duck? A. One goes quick and the other goes quack! Q. What do you call a pony with a sore throat? A. A little hoarse.

Q. What do you give a sick horse? A: Cough stirrup. Q. What did the horse say when it fell? A. “I've fallen and I can't giddyup!" Q. Where do horses go when they are sick? A. The horsepital.

Copy The Picture From Square To Square

“I knew I should of made sure these instructions were in English!” ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017



membrane dryness or the skin tent test. Latherin – that white foamy stuff, makes sweat more effective at cooling. Scraping or toweling a horse will not help it cool – it will remove his sweat before it has cooled him. Horse saliva encourages grass to grow. Grass evolved to be grazed. Horses and grasses evolved together. Fighting is more common in domestic horses than in feral horses. A horse's breathing is synchronized Available at: with his stride at a fast trot and faster www.amazon.com gaits, but not at a walk or a slow trot. A horse must be lying on his side to dream. Dreaming is important, and a horse tied to a hitching post can't benefit from it. Your horse has a name that the other horses know. The name you gave him is not it. Your horse will enjoy your company more if you are standing on his right side. A horse can find his way home through the operation of “place cells” in his brain, as well as by dead reckoning with a skylight compass. A horse with a clockwise facial hair whorl is likely to be left handed. Whatever is learned in the round pen stays in the round pen. Efforts in the round pen do not change his behavior outside the round pen. Stereotypes such as cribbing, may be initially caused by stress, early separation of a foal from his mom, confinement, and perhaps even genetics. Breaking a horse breaks his spirit, teaching him that nothing he does can better his situation. This “learned helplessness” underlies the docility and “laziness” of lesson horses. A horse does not need to see something with two eyes to see it. The large eyes of the horse do not make anything appear bigger. Horses don't need to be taught good head position. And they don't need to lower their head to see distant objects. Horses are not color blind, but like bulls and most other animals, they don't see red. About David J. Stang – I fell in love with my horse on our first date, and I know he loves me back. For the last decade he and I have worked on understanding each other. This book focuses on what science has learned about horses and horse-human interaction. It is not a book about riding, diet, illness, shoeing or showing. It is more about how horses work than about how to work with them, more about what they want to do, than what you can make them do. I was trained as a social psychologist, and so have no fear of science or technical language or asking questions. I had never seen any scientific literature on horses, and wondered if there even was any. I was sur-prised by what I found. Science has much to say about horses, but it tells a very different story than does our dogma about horses. After reading about 1,500 studies, and writing this book, I can now say that very little of what the world believes about horses turns out to be true.

Horse Science, Horse Sense Book review written by the author, David J. Stang Science has much to say about horses, but it tells a very different story than does our dogma about horses. After reading about 1,500 studies and writing this book, I can now say that very little of what the world believes about horses turns out to be true. If you are wondering just what you might have wrong, consider these facts: There is a movement promoting imprinting in foals. Early learning is a good thing. But a careful reading shows no evidence of filial imprinting of anything at any age in any mammal. Period. Human babies don't imprint. Foals don't imprint. The most aggressive horses in a herd are not leaders, because they have no followers. Horses don't like bullies, and horses of lower rank will be grazing with each other, and choosing each other as friends. A stallion is not the leader of a band of wild horses. In a herd, the great-est influence comes from the senior mares. In fact, bands and herds of horses don't have leaders. Horse leadership is done as it is done in schools of fish or flocks of birds – through collective decision making. A horse's flank is more sensitive to pain than your calf. Horses don't “move away from pressure”. A draft horse will happily pull a cart, leaning into its harness. Horses move away from discomfort and pain. This makes them no different than any other animal capable of movement. Rewards/penalties are very different in how they shape learning. Very mild punishment seems quicker at changing behavior, and reward is better at maintaining behavior. For something like trailer loading, reward works much better than punishment. And if you'd like your horse to love you as a byproduct of your training, emphasize reward. Carrots work far better than scratches or rubbing as a reward in training. The way to your horse's heart is through his stomach. Horses have no idea that they are “prey animals”. They band together because they feel comfort when near those they know, and insecure when they are alone. This makes them no different than goldfish or starlings. Horses don't respect humans. They are comfortable maintaining a very small personal space when with those they trust, and humans confuse this natural crowding with a lack of respect. Horses can be punished when they approach, but this doesn't build a bond – it tears it down. “Partnership” is rare in horse-human relations. Humans are willing to label relations as partnerships when their horse is docile and compliant. “Fight or Flight” is only part of the story. “Freeze” should be added to that list of responses to danger. Horsenality™ is not different than the discredited proto psychological theory of “four temperaments” or “four humors” from Greco-Roman medicine. Developed 2,500 years ago, it was discarded by psychologists a 100 years ago. Predator odor does not frighten horses unless combined with another stimulus that affects fear. A workout in which your horse sweats profusely may not leave him thirsty. A mouthful of electrolyte paste will help with re-hydration, but only if he is willing to drink afterwards – otherwise it may leave him more dehydrated. Dehydration cannot be assessed from mucous ©2017 C & C PUBLISHING, INC. • NOVEMBER 2017

The book Horse Science, Horse Sense can be ordered online at: www.amazon.com. Both the Kindle version and the paperback editions are available. (56)





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ELECTRO-BRAIDTM 3 Strand 4 Strand 5 Strand

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BOARD FENCE 3 Rail 4 Rail

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2 Rail 3 Rail

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November 2017 Saddle Up! Magazine  

Michigan and Ohio's Favorite Monthly Horse Magazine. Tack sale season is fast approaching. Look in this issue for our season special for Mic...

November 2017 Saddle Up! Magazine  

Michigan and Ohio's Favorite Monthly Horse Magazine. Tack sale season is fast approaching. Look in this issue for our season special for Mic...