TORONTO Canada Green Building Council
ISSUE 13, SPRING 2017, Greater Toronto Chapter, CaGBC Regional Publication /
Carbon 101 What the Building Sector Needs to Know About Ontario’s Climate Change Action Plan What’s New with the Toronto Green Standard
Changes to the Ontario Building Code Zero Carbon Buildings Framework Transforming Toronto: A Low-Carbon City
The Carbon Issue SPRING 2017
Toronto FOCUS 1
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Welcome to Toronto FOCUS
We are pleased to share with you this thirteenth Toronto FOCUS supplement produced in partnership with SABMag.
Message from the Greater Toronto Chapter of the CaGBC
In this issue, we focus on what is arguably the most important concern
It is with gratitude, and a little sadness, that we announce
pertaining to climate change – carbon. In order to achieve the lofty (but
the retirement of Hazel Farley, our Regional Director. Hazel
necessary) greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reductions’ targets by 2050, it
has steered the Chapter with a steady hand through a
will take a huge concerted effort. With Toronto’s building stock emitting 53%
period of growth, consolidation and development over the
of all GHG emissions (according to the City of Toronto), our industry has a
last five years. During her tenure, Hazel has managed an
major role to play in the years ahead.
eager Board of Directors, refined Chapter daily operations
Read on to learn the basics on carbon, as well as receive updates on some
and developed the Chapter into a well-run not-for-profit
key initiatives and policies aimed to mitigate the effects of carbon at the municipal and provincial levels. Articles discuss the details of the Ontario Climate Change Action Plan and give updates on the Toronto Green Standard and the Ontario Building Code. Additionally, you will learn about the CaGBC Zero Carbon Framework, which was released at the end of 2016, the City’s
with operational guidance and professional management. Under her guidance, Hazel encouraged the Leadership Board to focus their volunteer efforts on strategy for events, advocacy and networking while supporting and developing an impressive team of full-time staff, volunteers and
Transform Toronto initiative, and the Ontario Association of Architects’ deep
countless Chapter stakeholders.
retrofit of their headquarters, which aims to achieve net zero carbon.
We wish Hazel an enjoyable retirement and heartily
The Greater Toronto Chapter of the CaGBC had a very dynamic 2016. It was a
congratulate her on an impressive career. Hazel has truly
year with organizational change, great events and increasing advocacy work by the Chapter. As usual, we’ve got lots on the go at the Chapter. We are all looking forward to the Existing Buildings Summit on April 6, and in addition to the summit, we hope you will join us for Spring Open at One York in April, our Chapter Boat
been an enabling force for the Chapter that has let us mature as an organization and support a dynamic market striving to make Every Building Greener. Stay tuned for an introduction to the new Regional Director in the fall Toronto FOCUS edition.
Cruise in June and our Drive for Change Golf Tournament this September. Also stay tuned for two more Green Building Breakfasts this fall (previously called the LEED Breakfast Series). Until then, please check out our website at www.cagbctoronto.org to find out about the many upcoming educational workshops and networking events. A special thank you to our volunteers, members, partners, and friends in developing and providing some of this supplement’s content, and of course our sponsors and advertisers who have helped make this publication happen. These publications and your support of the Chapter greatly contribute to the strengthening, promotion and success of our green building community. We hope you enjoy this supplement and we look forward to seeing you soon!
Regional Director Greater Toronto Chapter Canada Green Building Council
Director of Client Services Intelligent Buildings, LLC Chair, Greater Toronto Chapter Canada Green Building Council
Toronto FOCUS 3
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In this Issue SPRING 2017
Ontario Association What’s New with the 7 Professional 22 Development & Events 16 Toronto Green Standard? of Architects Headquarters Transforming Toronto: Changes to the Carbon A Low-Carbon City 24 Ontario Building Code 17 10 101 A Learning Space & the Building Sector One 26 18 Living Lab for Sustainable 12 What Needs to Know About York Street Design Ontario’s Climate Change Partnerships Key to the Action Plan 30 Zero Carbon Buildings Success of The Living City 20
See a digital version of Greater Toronto Chapter FOCUS at www.sabmagazine.com/digital Environmental savings for this issue:
Toronto FOCUS is printed on Rolland Enviro 100 Satin, a 100% post-consumer fiber that is certified FSC and EcoLogo. It is processed chlorine-free,
45,044 L water
682 kg waste
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FSC-recycled and is manufactured using biogas energy.
Cover photo: Smog by Simon Carr.
Editor: Courtney Good, Greater Toronto Chapter of the Canada Green Building Council (CaGBC-GTC) A joint publishing project of the CaGBC-GTC and SABMag. Address all inquiries to Don Griffith: email@example.com Published by Janam Publications Inc. | www.sabmagazine.com | www.janam.net
2017 CONNECT. LEARN. TRANSFORM. Join us at Canadaâ€™s largest green building conference as we explore the evolution of green commercial real estate and its role in achieving a low carbon future. For more information: www.cagbc.org/blc2017
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Our National Conference & Showcase Partner:
Upcoming Events + Workshops The Canada Green Building Council – Greater Toronto Chapter (CaGBC-GTC) seeks to connect all of Ontario’s green building leaders and supporters by providing all of the latest information you need to accelerate your LEED credentials and to stay at the forefront of the green building industry. Here’s a highlight of Chapter initiatives and upcoming events and workshops.
Existing Buildings Summit
To help guide the industry, the CaGBC is holding an Existing Buildings Summit in Toronto, which will provide the opportunity to learn about exceptional deep retrofit projects, to explore different approaches to optimizing building performance and to understand provincial and federal initiatives to drive the retrofit economy.
St. James Cathedral Centre, Toronto
April 12 June 21 August 17
LEED Green Associate Exam Kickstarter
Prepare to take your LEED® Green Associate exam and earn the internation- Evergreen Brick ally recognized LEED v4 Green Associate credential. CaGBC has developed Works, Toronto this condensed 1-day course which will be delivered by highly-qualified Canadian instructors with real-life local and regional experience. This course is intended to provide you with foundational information, which will then be followed up with a post-course study plan. As with most study courses, there is additional post-classroom studying that is needed.
Join us at our first networking event of the year on April 27, 2017 at One York Street, Toronto the brand new One York Street! The evening will kick-off with member exclusive tours and will continue with networking, a complimentary drink and hors d’oeuvres, followed by our crowd pleasing Building-Blitz – 6 rapid-fire presentations highlighting the newest and most sustainable buildings in Southern Ontario.
Whole Building Life Cycle Assessment
This one-day workshop fast tracks life cycle assessment (LCA) education Training Centres of for building design professionals, sustainability consultants and students Canada, Toronto wishing to have a career in the green building industry. LCA is the key analytical technique for reducing the embodied environmental impact of the built environment and it is the basis of a new credit in LEED v4. Embodied impacts are the lifetime environmental burdens from the building due to resource extraction, product manufacturing, construction, maintenance, and eventual demolition. Embodied impacts constitute a significant portion of a building’s total carbon footprint and account for the majority of a building’s impact in areas such as air and water pollution. Part of this course will include hands-on exercises using the free Athena Impact Estimator for Buildings, a simplified LCA software tool created specifically for use by architects, engineers and sustainable design consultants. The course will take place in a computer lab, so you will not need to bring your own computer.
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Upcoming Events + Workshops DATE
Drive for Change Golf Tournament
Join us for our second annual Drive for Change Golf Tournament at the RattleSnake Point Golf Club. This is an excellent opportunity to network with clients, friends or business associates. Learn along the way! LEED your way through 18 holes, each named after a unique LEED credit and associated information.
RattleSnake Point Golf Club, Toronto
The CaGBC Greater Toronto Chapter Gala and Awards
Join our grand network of green building professionals and supporters Arcadian Court, at our seventh annual CaGBC - Greater Toronto Chapter Gala. The evening Toronto will include an elegant reception, sit-down dinner and a special keynote presentation (TBD). The Chapter will be continuing with the awards program, introduced in 2013, which recognizes projects and individuals that demonstrate advancement in the green building industry in Southern Ontario. Submissions for nominations for the awards program are open from now until August 11. Donâ€™t miss this unique opportunity to support the Chapter and attend one of the largest green building networking events in the Greater Toronto Area!
Looking for the best way to gain CE hours and green building know-how? CHOOSE CaGBC-GTC All of our workshops are stringently peer-reviewed by GBCI for high relevance, quality and rigor, and have been deemed as guaranteed for CE hours by GBCI. We also offer a number of different webinars to share local green building knowledge and best practices. TO LEARN MORE ABOUT ANY of these initiatives and to register for workshops + events, visit our website
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Upcoming Events + Workshops April 6
Existing Buildings Summit
LEED Green Associate Exam Kickstarter
Building Lasting Change Conference
Whole Building Life Cycle Assessment
LEED Green Associate Exam Kickstarter
CaGBC National Event
Chapter Boat Cruise
LEED Green Associate Exam Kickstarter
Drive for Change Golf Tournament
The CaGBC Greater Toronto Chapter Gala and Awards
THANK YOU TO OUR GENEROUS
CHAPTER SPONSORS FOUNDING PARTNER
SILVER SPONSOR Stantec PCL
Toronto FOCUS 9
Carbon 101 On January 1 of this year, Ontario joined the growing list of national and sub-national jurisdictions
with a carbon pricing program. All of Canada will be subject to a carbon price of $10/tonne in 2018 (if not already part of a carbon pricing program), ramping up quickly to $50/tonne by 20221. Why are more and more jurisdictions around the world2 putting a price on carbon?
‘Carbon’ in this case refers to a number of greenhouse gases (GHG) that trap heat in the atmosphere and cause climate change; carbon dioxide is the main GHG created by humancaused emissions, which is why the term ‘carbon’ is sometimes used to refer to GHG emissions. Climate change is an umbrella term which describes changes to the climate system, typically in the context of humanity’s influence, which includes GHG emissions. Specifically, the burning of fossil fuels, clearing of forests, agriculture, and other development activities have increased the concentration of carbon dioxide and other GHG in the atmosphere. The problem? Human activity is causing substantial changes to climate systems more quickly than these systems can adapt. According to Swedish researchers3, we’re warming the climate 170 times faster than natural forces have in the past.
To assess the weight of the evidence on climate change and try to predict its consequences, a group of climate scientists formed the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 1988. They have since created five synthesis reports of their findings, and the news isn’t pleasant. 2016 was the hottest year ever recorded. The same was true for 2015, and 2014 before that. According to NASA, there were 16 consecutive months between May 2015 and August 2016 that were the hottest monthly averages ever recorded4. The list of such troubling findings is likely too long to even assemble in one place, let alone include here. The Paris Agreement, currently ratified by 132 nations, seeks to limit warming to ‘well below’ 2˚C above pre-industrial temperatures5, to avoid the most catastrophic impacts of climate change, and we’re already locked into 1.5˚C of warming6. The World Health Organization has found that these climatic changes are already responsible for 150,000 deaths per year8, and this number is set to ramp up to 250,000 deaths per year9 between 2030 and 2050 (predominantly caused by malnutrition, malaria, diarrhea and heat stress). On top of the health effects, climate change is causing sea level rise, habitat and coral reef destruction, the melting of the polar ice caps, and more frequent and intense extreme weather events.
1http://news.gc.ca/web/article-en.do?nid=1132149 2https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/24288 3http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/2053019616688022 4https://www.giss.nasa.gov/research/news/20170118/
7https://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/maps/ 8http://www.who.int/heli/risks/climate/climatechange/en/ 9http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs266/en/ 10https://www.thestar.com/business/personal_finance/investing/2014/07/05/a_year_after_the_
NOAA-NASA_Global_Analysis-2016-FINAL.pdf 5http://unfccc.int/paris_agreement/items/9485.php 6https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/20595
toronto_flood.html 11http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/hamilton/news/burlington-flood-cities-face-new-breed-of-storms- climatologist-says-1.2729012
 - GO Train stranded during the evening commute, Toronto’s 2013 flood. Image credit: The Canadian Press/Winston Neutel.12  - The Mosaic Centre in Edmonton, Alberta – Canada’s first net-zero commercial building, which generates as much energy as it consumes annually. Photo sourced under CC BY-NC 2.014, credit: The Mosaic Centre15.
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These extreme weather events have outsized impacts on populations in the developing world, where fewer resources are available to deal with the damage. For an example closer to home, Toronto’s July 8, 2013 flood cost nearly $1 billion in direct insurance claims alone10. According to Dave Phillips (Senior Climatologist at Environment Canada), when considering the Greater Toronto Area, “a look into the last 25 years of rainfall showed that there were three 100-year storms, and six 50-year storms.”11 The increased frequency of extreme weather events puts a strain on Canadian buildings, and also impacts how we design and maintain them. Buildings play an important role in our emissions of GHG, and their impact is set to increase in the near future. In Environment Canada’s latest National Inventory Report, covering the years 1990-2014, the ‘Buildings’ category represents 12% of Canada’s emissions, and this number increases when the electricity consumed in buildings is taken into account.
The IPCC’s fifth and latest synthesis report found that buildings accounted for 32% of total global final energy use, and 19% of energy-related GHG emissions. Importantly, the IPCC’s buildings summary goes on to indicate that these emission figures may “double or potentially even triple by mid-century due to several key trends” - trends like the continued urbanization of developing countries, the shift of citizens to cities, and increasing living standards. What makes climate change an urgent issue is that we only have a limited amount of ‘carbon budget’ left. The concept of a carbon budget refers to the amount of heat-trapping gases we can emit, while avoiding certain negative outcomes. According to the World Resources Institute, global emissions must peak by 2020 and fall steeply thereafter in order to make it likely that we achieve the 2˚C target16. The design of new buildings and retrofitting of the existing building stock will be an important piece of the emission reduction puzzle in the coming decades, both locally and globally.
Jeff Robertson, P.Eng, EP Project Manager, Emissions Reduction & Compliance Pinchin Ltd. 12http://news.nationalpost.com/toronto/toronto-floods-photos-show-submerged-streets-nearly- floating-go-train-as-surprise-deluge-hits-city 13https://www.ec.gc.ca/ges-ghg/default.asp?lang=En&n=662F9C56-1 14https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/ 15https://www.flickr.com/photos/130826943@N07/25353618886/in/album-72157649651714284/ 16http://www.wri.org/sites/default/files/WRI13-IPCCinfographic-FINAL_web.png
 - Surface temperature map showing the warming anomaly (in ˚C) for 2016 vs. the 1951-1980 average. Source: NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies7.  - Canada’s Emissions Breakdown by Economic Sector (2014), National Inventory Report 1990-2014: Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in Canada13.
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What the Building Sector Needs to Know About Ontario’s Climate Change Action Plan
Energy reporting requirements for large buildings coming 2018. Credit: iStock.
Launched last spring, Ontario’s Climate Change Action Plan (CCAP) outlines the province’s plan for hitting its ambitious greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction targets. The plan targets a 15% reduction by 2020 and establishes a pathway to 37% reductions by 2030. Many in the building sector want to know how the plan will affect the green building industry. The cornerstone of the CCAP is Ontario’s cap and trade system, which took effect this January. The system puts a price on carbon emissions and is expected to raise $1.5-2 billion annually, which by law must be reinvested in emission reduction programs. Increasing natural gas prices will be the key cost factor for building owners. The cap applies to natural gas distributors, who will pass the cost through to consumers (home owners and building operators). A 10% increase in 2017 ($0.03/ m3) is expected, with additional price increases in future years as the cost of carbon grows. The good news is that this will improve the business case for energy efficiency retrofits and high performance new building construction. 12
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Ontario’s Climate Change Action Plan puts a heavy emphasis on homes and buildings, allocating $2-3 billion in cap and trade revenues over four years for building sector initiatives. Most of the funds will be disbursed through a new crown corporation, referred to as the Ontario Climate Change Solutions Deployment Corporation, or “green bank.” The green bank is expected to offer a combination of grants, incentives, and financing programs, for example, loans and credit enhancements. Ontario recently undertook a round of public consultation on the structure of the green bank, and it is expected to be up and running later this year. Another landmark provincial building policy was enacted in February, the Energy and Water Reporting and Benchmarking for Large Buildings regulation. Beginning with buildings over 250,000 ft2 in 2018, all buildings over 50,000 ft2 will need to report their energy and water use and GHG emissions by 2020. Benchmarking and reporting will be done through Energy Star Portfolio Manager - free web based software made available by the federal government, with key energy and GHG performance metrics to be disclosed through a public database.
Reducing emissions from fossil-fuel use in buildings Credit: Ontario Climate Change Action Plan (p.25).
Proposed function of Ontario Green Bank. Credit: Ontario Climate Change Action Plan (p.17). Support for energy efficiency retrofits stimulate the green building sector. Credit: The Atmospheric Fund.
Ontario’s GHG emission targets. Credit: Ontario Climate Change Action Plan (p.13).
Larger buildings will require a certified professional to verify data, creating new opportunity for green building professionals to offer value-added services. Green building practitioners will also be able to use the massive energy performance database to gain new insights into real building performance, for example, an architecture firm could look up the real-world performance data of all the buildings they’ve designed to see which design strategies have resulted in high performance post-occupancy. Poor energy performers will need to take note and improve efficiency, as results reflected in the public database may impact their reputation and the value of their buildings. The Canada Green Building Council has been a strong advocate for this policy across Canada, having released the Energy Benchmarking, Reporting & Disclosure in Canada: A Guide to a Common Framework in 2016.
this year when new federal programs emerge to support green buildings. With government lining up to support the sector, the ball is now in our court as practitioners to demonstrate excellence and innovation in implementation. Sustaining this level of public support will require the industry to prove that green buildings can generate multiple benefits - not just energy and carbon savings, but also green jobs, improved occupant health and comfort, and vibrant buildings that residents love to live in.
Bryan Purcell, Director of Policy and Programs, The Atmospheric Fund
Ontario’s recent progress in building policy should make 2017 a propitious year for the green building industry. Once these programs are underway, we’re hopeful other provinces will follow suit, paving the way for a thriving green building sector across Canada. The federal government has indicated buildings as a key priority area in the national climate framework; take note later SPRING 2017
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What’s New with the Toronto Green Standard? In 2015, the City of Toronto's City Planning Division,
• Include select prescriptive requirements to support the achievement of targets,
in partnership with the Toronto Atmospheric Fund
such as air tightness testing
(TAF), prepared and released its Global Best Practices
• Align design requirements with building labeling and disclosure requirements
Study in Energy Efficiency Policy for buildings (Integral
• Establish a timetable for increasing the energy and GHG performance requirements
Group LLP). The study examined best practice energy
of the TGS.
codes across Europe and North America to support the development of a new planning framework for energy efficiency, greenhouse gas reductions and resiliency in new buildings in the next update of the Toronto Green Standard (TGS). The recommendations of the study were to: • Set a long-term net zero target for new construction • Use a targets-based approach to measuring energy performance, expressed as Energy Use Intensity (kWh/ m2/yr) rather than a % improvement over a reference standard • Measure thermal demand or space heating demand to favour envelope efficiency improvements over
Phase II of the study (2016), working with an expert Advisory Committee, is almost complete. The consulting team included Integral Group, Morrison Hershfield and Provident Energy Management. Parametric modelling was used to extract trends, patterns and general performance levels to inform robust and defensible targets for five of the most commonly constructed building archetypes in Toronto. A Net Zero emissions target date of 2030 was established based on an emsisions/growth projection analysis conduced by TAF. The provision of long-term targets gives the building industry important advance notice of the forthcoming changes necessary to achieve the City's greenhouse gas reduction targets of 80% by 2050. The study also assessed resilience co-benefits for indoor livable temperature during winter and summer blackout periods. Toronto’s pathway to zero emissions will be released in the spring of this year.
equipment efficiency gains, encourage passive design,
Toronto's Zero Emissions Building Framework aligns with the Canada Green Building
and improve thermal resilience
Council's Zero Carbon Buildings Framework (2016) and the City of Vancouver's
• Measure greenhouse gas intensity by floor area to
Zero Emissions Building Plan, helping to build a cross-Canada movement.
promote fuel switching
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Ontario Building Code Manuals. Credit: Bob Bach.
Changes to the Ontario Building Code Major changes to the energy efficiency requirements for low-rise housing and all
These new requirements will again place the province
other buildings came into effect on January 1, 2017, through changes made to
in a leading position across North America in the
Supplementary Standards SB-121 , and SB-102 , respectively, adopted by reference
development of both energy efficient housing and
in the Building Code.
buildings. This will result in lower operating costs for their owners and occupants while reducing greenhouse
Energy efficiency for low-rise housing has been a part of Building Code since 1991 and
gas emissions, and therefore contribute greatly over
for buildings since 1993. Over the intervening period, the design and construction
their lifetime to meeting the provinceâ€™s targets for
sector and the materials and systems supply industries have responded in a very
positive way to meet or exceed the mandatory code requirements with innovative solutions, training, and education, to improve their houses and buildings.
Prepared by H.R.(Bob) Bach, Director, Sustainable Buildings Canada,
Based on research conducted for the Ministry of Municipal Affairs, Building and
Vice-Chair, Energy, Building Code Conservation
Development Branch, this latest edition of SB-12 will mean that new houses that
meet Part 9 of the Building Code and for which a building permit has been applied for after December 31, 2016, will be designed to exceed by not less than 15% the
energy efficiency levels required by the previous edition of SB-12.
7, 2016 update. 22, 2016 update
Similarly, based on other research conducted for the Ministry of Municipal Affairs, Building and Development Branch, this latest edition of SB-10 will mean that new buildings that meet Part 3 of the Building Code and for which a building permit has been applied for after December 31, 2016, will be designed to exceed by not less than 13% the energy efficiency levels required by the previous edition of SB-10.
Toronto FOCUS 15
APRIL 6, 2017 | ST JAMES CATHEDRAL CENTRE | 8:30AM - 4:30PM | RECEPTION 4:30PM - 6:00PM
EXISTING BUILDINGS SUMMIT To help guide the industry, the CaGBC is holding an Existing Buildings Summit in Toronto on April 6, 2017. This event will provide an opportunity to learn about exceptional deep retrofit projects; explore different approaches to optimizing building performance; and understand provincial and federal initiatives to drive the energy efficiency improvements for Canada’s existing buildings. 8:00-8:30 8:30-9:30
9:30-10:00 10:00-10:15 10:15-11:00
12:30-1:30 1:30-2:15 2:15-3:30
3:30-3:45 3:45-4:30 4:30-6:00
Registration, Welcome & Light Breakfast MORNING SESSIONS Keynote: Persuasion: The Science Behind How We Think and Act in the Age of Climate Change James Garvey, Philosopher & Author Presentation: Future of Buildings and Canada’s Role Thomas Mueller, President & CEO, CaGBC Break Panel Discussion: The New Business Case for Retrofits Moderator: Morgan McDonald, Ledcor Renew Panelists: Philippe Bernier, Triovest Realty Advisors; TBA Panel Discussion: Exceptional Building Retrofits Moderator: Robert Edwards, Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO) Panelists: Kevin Stelzer, B+H Architects; Matthew Hirsch, WSP Canada; Roger Thompson, First Service Corporation Networking Lunch AFTERNOON SESSIONS Presentation: Building Performance Data: the New Gold Speakers: Scot Horst, ARC Skoru Inc. Workshop: Ontario’s Energy Benchmarking Regulation Instructor: Eric Chisholm, WSP Canada Speaker: Brian Byrnes, Conservation Programs and Partnerships, Ministry of Energy Break Announcement and Presentation: Securing Retrofit Financing Speaker: Ron Dizy, Advanced Energy Centre, MaRS CLOSING REMARKS & NETWORKING
Presenting Sponsor 16
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Toronto FOCUS 17
A Learning Space & Living Lab for Sustainable Design Southeast view of HMC Phase 2 – note bridge connection to HMC Phase 1. Image courtesy of MCW.
Sheridan College’s new Hazel McCallion Campus sets the sustainability bar for 21st Century educational spaces
Sheridan College’s Contribution One of the most notable elements of this renewed city centre vision is Sheridan College’s Hazel McCallion Campus expansion. Since 2014, Sheridan has been in the process of expanding the campus through the addition of a new building that allows for a doubling of enrolment. The 220,000 ft2 Phase 2 development has recently completed construction and opened for classes, marking the completion of this
Over the last decade, the City of Mississauga and its various stakeholders have asked some serious questions about the future of its city centre district. What do we want this place to be for? How do we want it to function? The answers to those questions are apparent in every major development within the ~3.5 square kilometer city centre area – a function of the City’s Downtown21 master plan. The city centre of Mississauga is rapidly evolving from its 20th century role as a car-friendly shopping mall nexus to a more vibrant, mixed-use urban destination where citizens can live, work, learn, play and heal.
important component of Downtown21. The project has been designed and delivered by a project partnership involving Moriyama & Teshima and Montgomery Sisam Architects in a joint venture, Bondfield Construction, and MCW Consultants Ltd. for Mechanical & Electrical Design, Energy Modelling, and Sustainability Consulting. Funding comes by way of Ontario’s Alternative Financing & Procurement (AFP) model together with contributions from private donors.
Teaching & Demonstrating Sustainability, By Design The new facility will house programs in a Sustainable Built Environment cluster, including Architecture, Interior Design, Interior Decorating and Visual Merchandising. These programs setting up home in Phase 2 is no accident; the building functions as a Living Laboratory for sustainable design – a teaching tool for students to experience and understand the positive impacts of sustainable design strategies and
See the one-page case study on the Lochinvar boilers and water heater supplied by Aquatech on this project: http://aquatech-canada.com/case-studies/expansionof-sheridans-hazel-mccallion-campus/ 18
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Sustainable Design Floor Area LEED Points Energy Intensity
Quick Facts 223,534 ft2 54 [Silver] 96 ekWh/ft2
Notable building systems that contribute to HMC Phase 2`s low energy intensity. Image courtesy of Shai Gil Studios / MCW.
Sheridan’s 2020 Strategic Plan prioritizes the development of
With manageable heating and cooling loads as a starting point, a
imaginative, collaborative and sustainable spaces as essential
highly-efficient HVAC system was designed by MCW to capture
for the institution. HMC Phase 2 will serve as a blueprint for this
waste heat within the building in order to condition fresh air
requirements. Through the use of active chilled beam technology,
Achieving LEED Silver Energy Targets
only moderate chilled water temperatures are needed to provide the
Sheridan’s Mission Zero initiative established aggressive targets to reduce the college’s overall energy and carbon emissions by 50% in the near future. HMC Phase 2 helps achieve that goal by hitting an annual energy intensity target of 96 kWh/ m2. This target sets the bar for other Canadian post-secondary institutions to follow; only two other academic facilities in Canada maintain lower energy intensity.
cooling and dehumidification levels required, thus leading to more energy-efficient chiller operation coupled with real energy savings. Additionally, one of the three chillers installed is a heat recovery chiller, which uses waste heat within the building rather than sending it to a cooling tower. The building academic usage profile means intermittent occupancy levels in many spaces. So, building controls and sensors have been put in place to regulate the amount of energy intensive outdoor air levels required using actual occupancy profiles on a space-by-space basis. In order to further reduce energy usage
Meeting this energy target required an integrated approach that
and peak electrical demand, the building uses an efficient, all-LED
addressed all elements of building system design, ranging from
building envelope to highly-efficient building mechanical and
Highlighted above is a series of solutions in the diagram that provides
an overview of how building systems underpin the building’s energy-
The team understood that, in order to achieve the mandatory
efficient performance. These systems - which include everything from
energy target established by Sheridan, the building would have
mechanical/HVAC, lighting, and domestic water usage – demonstrate
to make use of passive design features in order to minimize
the innovation and possibilities available for both new and existing
the heating and cooling loads handled by the mechanical
buildings seeking to reach similar sustainability objectives set forth by
systems. This was largely accomplished through the application
of a moderate quantity of high-performance glazing, since higher glazing percentages increase energy usage in our heatingdominated climate.
Alex Metcalfe is a Communications Specialist at MCW Custom Energy Solutions Ltd. SPRING 2017
Toronto FOCUS 19
CaGBC launches Zero Carbon Buildings Initiative for Commercial, Institutional and Multi-Family Buildings in Canada The CaGBC launched a Zero Carbon Buildings Initiative in 2016 to champion the move to lower-carbon commercial, institutional and highrise residential buildings in support of Canadaâ€™s efforts to mitigate the effects of climate change. CaGBC believes that a zero carbon approach to new construction can play an important role in meeting Canadaâ€™s GHG reduction target of 30 per cent below 2005 levels by 2030, saving 7.5 megatonnes of GHG emissions annually.
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participation across a range of building types and sizes,
Building Lasting Change 2017: Your best source for Net Zero Buildings expertise
provides a clear definition for zero carbon buildings, and
Join us for the official launch of Canada’s first zero carbon verification
establishes five key components for the evaluation of
program at Building Lasting Change 2017 in Vancouver.
The first stage of this work involved consultation with approximately 50 individuals representing 40 organizations in the building sector, in order to develop a Zero Carbon Buildings Framework, which was released in November 2016. The final Framework facilitates broad
building carbon footprints that are detailed below. 1. A greenhouse gas intensity metric for assessing a building’s emissions, calculated using regional emissions factors. 2. Energy intensity metrics to incentivize the design of highly efficient, reliable and resilient buildings. 3. A peak energy demand metric to encourage the use of “peak shaving” measures 5. A requirement that renewable energy included in the zero emissions calculation be either generated on-site or procured directly from a renewable energy generator.
Phase Two In early February 2017, CaGBC launched the Zero Carbon Pilot Program, a two-year immersion program developers
This full-day, pre-conference event launches CaGBC’s new Zero Carbon Buildings Standard for commercial, institutional, and multi-residential buildings in Canada. The Summit will feature five technical sessions
4. An embodied carbon metric.
The Net Zero Carbon Buildings Summit | May 30, 2017
addressing the key challenges and opportunities for zero carbon building design and construction, as well as an exclusive lunch plenary represented by a diverse panel of international experts.
Getting to Net Zero Carbon Buildings Stream 1 | May 31 to June 1
carbon developments in new or existing buildings
During the main conference, choose one or attend all seven sessions which
across Canada. The program is designed to recognize
complement the Summit where you will find the information you need to
excellence and leadership in the field as well as to
help design, construct and operate net zero carbon buildings, homes and
inform the development of tools, policies and pathways
neighbourhoods. Leading Canadian and international examples will be
to accelerate market transformation. The results will
showcased along with guidance and insight into how we can scale up the
assist CaGBC in identifying opportunities to refine the
number of new buildings and retrofits that reach low carbon targets.
Zero Carbon Building Standard before it is released into the marketplace.
Getting to Net Zero Tour | May 30, 12:30 p.m. to 4:30 p.m.
The Zero Carbon Building Standard will be designed
Attendees will enjoy a guided tour of a multi-unit residential property which
concurrently with the pilot program and will include
is currently Canada’s largest Passive House building, and visit research
specific metric calculations, emissions factors, acceptable
facilities at British Columbia Institute of Technology (BCIT).
forms of renewable and alternative energy sources, and
To find out more about the CaGBC’s Zero Carbon Initiative, including the
performance requirements. The Standard will provide
Zero Carbon Buildings Framework and future updates, visit www.cagbc.
a process for verification and recognition of new and
org/zerocarbon. To register for the Net Zero Carbon Buildings Summit or
existing zero carbon buildings in the third phase of work
Building Lasting Change in Vancouver, visit www.cagbc.org/blc2017.
to be completed and launched by CaGBC at the Net Zero Carbon Buildings Summit on May 30, 2017 in Vancouver.
The CaGBC defines a Zero Carbon Building as: A highly energy efficient building that produces on-site, or procures, carbon-free renewable energy in an amount sufficient to offset the annual carbon emissions associated with building operations.
Toronto FOCUS 21
Ontario Association of Architects Headquarters
Why is the Ontario Association of Architects (OAA) tackling a deep retrofit of its headquarters building to achieve zero net carbon? To understand the answer to this question it is important to consider the political and environmental context in which architects are working.
SPRING 2017 Toronto FOCUS
The OAA Building Committee began to study the options. It became apparent that it was paramount that this project be aligned with the Association’s vision “An Ontario in which architects are seen as valued contributors to the creation of a safe and healthy built environment that performs at the highest levels and lifts the human spirit”. In addition, the OAA’s commitment to the 2030 Challenge needed to be honoured with this project. The OAA Council approved the retrofit of its headquarters
in March 2014, and began to develop the building + interiors program. Several assets of the current building will be maintained, while addressing the liabilities. Work includes
It is largely agreed that the mitigation of climate change is one of the most
envelope upgrades, daylighting and controls, alternative
compelling challenges we face as society and we need to do much better on
energy transfer systems, lighting, a modified displacement
all fronts than we have been. In Ontario, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have
ventilation system with major component replacement to
been reduced by a mere six per cent since 1990 – and most of that reduction
take advantage of the building’s passive assets and the most
was the result of the hollowing out of our manufacturing base. Slow action
modern available technology. The OAA is also working with
to date means that to meet 2030 goals, over the next 13 years, Ontario must
the National Research Council (NRC) to advance the net-zero
reduce emissions at a rate 10 times faster than over the past 25 years.
project and confirm the as-built energy performance.
The government in Ontario is mandating an 80% reduction of GHG emissions
The additional costs of pursuing a net-zero retrofit is
over the next 35 years. Many have argued that is not quick enough. To meet
approximately $1.8 million and will allow the building to
this goal we need to reduce by a further 74% over and above our meagre
become carbon neutral by 2018, 12 years before the 2030
progress to date. This is an absolute cap, not per capita. Clearly, we need to
deadline set by U.N. climate agreements. The energy cost
pick up the pace. In the ongoing discussion about climate change, cars and
savings of over $85,000 a year at current energy pricing
smoke stacks are easy contributors to identify. But another one is right in front
will pay for these increased capital costs in around 20 years.
of us: buildings. Commercial and residential buildings account for 23% of the
As energy costs continue to increase it is expected that this
GHG emissions in Ontario and are critical to meeting the provincial and federal
payback will be dramatically reduced.
energy targets. This is especially important for existing buildings, most of which will still be here in 35 years. Clearly, to meet these goals all new buildings
The Headquarters will be a bold response to the 2030
must be zero net carbon.
Challenge, to address climate change and be an example to inspire and motivate others to do their part.
Is this possible? The OAA believes so! In addition to its zero net carbon goals the OAA is refreshing The OAA Headquarters building at 111 Moatfield Drive, Toronto opened in 1992.
the interior spaces of the building to achieve a healthy,
Over the past 25 years programming has evolved, staff has increased, and
productive and uplifting work environment for its staff,
some original functions (e.g. member restaurant, gallery) have ceased. The
volunteers and members, further aligning its own building
building now houses an Association staff of 27, more than 140 Committee/
with its vision for Ontario and the profession.
Council volunteers, as well as its insurance company (18 staff). The building is at capacity and like any building of this age, several maintenance issues
To learn more about the OAA Headquarters Renew + Refresh
needed to be addressed.
Project, visit www.oaa.on.ca.
 - Steven Evans Photography.  - David Fujiwara Architect.  - Steven Evans Photography.  - Keith Penner Photography.  - 2030 Inc. /Architecture 2030.
Toronto FOCUS 23
Transforming Toronto: A Low-Carbon City
Over half of Toronto's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions come from building operations – how we heat space and water, primarily with natural gas, produces more GHG emissions than the entire transportation sector. TransformTO: Climate Action for a Healthy, Equitable and Prosperous Toronto seeks to better understand the nature of GHG emissions in Toronto, the areas that present the greatest opportunity for reductions, and the scale of necessary transformation to realize a low-carbon City.
 - Emissions by sector. City of Toronto.  - TransformTO Conversation at the CaGBC-GTC event. Marco Iacampo.  - City of Toronto.
Like many cities around the world, Toronto has an ambitious GHG
TransformTO integrates technical analysis with community
reduction target to cut city-wide emissions by 80%, from 1990 levels, by
feedback and expertise, such as that provided by Greater
the year 2050. Adopted by City Council in 2007, the 80% target aligns with
Toronto Chapter of the Canada Green Building Council’s
international agreements as to what is necessary to avoid the worst impacts
members at their December 1st event during Construct Canada.
of climate change.
The aim is to identify critical areas of action to reduce GHG
TransformTO is a joint initiative of the City of Toronto and The Atmospheric
emissions. TransformTO will also recommend program design
Fund. It is analyzing the city-wide GHG implications of various building-
principles to advance the social benefits of climate action, for
related GHG reduction strategies including achieving a net-zero new
example, how an aggressive building retrofit target can also
construction by 2030, and policies to accelerate the retrofitting of existing
support skilled jobs for marginalized youth, or improvements
buildings. The relative potential of these interventions will be contextualized
in building energy efficiency can deliver improved living
in the broader suite of possible GHG reduction approaches in all urban
environments for tower apartment dwellers.
sectors – transportation, land-use, energy systems, and waste management.
Transforming Toronto into a low-carbon city that is also
Our built form is one of the most durable types of urban infrastructure, with
healthier, more prosperous and more equitable will require the
buildings constructed today likely lasting into the next century. Given this
effort of all sectors. We look forward to embarking on this low-
durability we need to make low-carbon building decisions today to set us
carbon journey together.
on a pathway to achieving our city-wide target.
For more information, please visit the website: http://www. toronto.ca/transformto, or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
SPRING 2017 Toronto FOCUS
YOUR LEED v4 QUICK-REFERENCE
Canadian Directory OF Products and Services for Sustainable, High-Performance Building
Visit our on-line Directory to see hundreds of listings of companies which supply products and services for sustainable, high-performance building. Listings are organized by Product Category and by LEED v4 Category. Our LEED v4 Directory is created with the help of our partner:
Our 2017 Partners Site | Landscaping | Rainwater harvesting >Catec Rainwater Harvesting Systems >Langley Concrete Group >Molok® Deep Collection™ System >Unilock >Wishbone Industries Ltd. Structure & Exterior envelope >Alumicor Building Excellence >Bailey Metal Products Ltd. >Dryvit Systems Canada >Euroshield® >Hydrotech >LiveRoof >StoneRox >Tremco Thermal & Windows >Cascadia Windows & Doors >Eco Insulating Glass Inc. >EuroLine Windows® >Inline Fiberglass Ltd. >LiteZone™ Insulating Glass >Pollard Windows Inc. >View Dynamic Glass Interior finishes >Baillargeon Doors Inc. >CBR Products >Columbia Forest Products
>Forbo Flooring Systems >Interface >Nora Systems, Inc. >Shaw Contract Group >Tectum Electrical | Plumbing | HVAC | Renewables >Acuity Brands >Aqua-Tech >Duravit >Simple Solar >Sloan Valve >Taco Comfort Solutions >Tate Access Floors >Termobuild >Uponor >Ventacity Systems >Viessmann Manufacturing Company Inc. >Zehnder America Inc. green design support + professionals >Canadian Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute >Diamond Schmitt Architects >FABRIQ architecture >Pinwheel Building Supplies >RJC Engineers
http://sabmagazine.com/2017directoryv4.html SPRING 2017
Toronto FOCUS 25
Energy The building design and energy efficient systems translate to 46% energy consumption savings when compared to a typical office building. High-efficiency technologies in the building include: the Enwave Deep Lake Water Cooling; an onsite high efficiency boiler plant; premium efficiency HVAC equipment; state-of the-art building automation controls; and a high-performance curtain-wall system. One York Street has provided tenant space with occupancy sensors, daylight sensors and an optimized fixture layout which were carefully engineered to reduce lighting electricity consumption by over 75%. To further improve the energy performance of the building, a photovoltaic solar panel array is located on the roof of the commercial tower which produces approximately 86,000 kWh of energy annually, the highest solar installation in Canada.
Located in the newly evolved and thriving South Core business district, Menkesâ€™ newest development to open, One York Street, is the ultimate location for a work, live, play lifestyle. The complex is PATH connected, within walking distance to the harbourfront, and steps to Union Station. Occupying a full city block, this mixeduse development is situated at a prime location, south of the Gardiner Expressway at the foot of York Street. With superb area amenities such as world class restaurants, the Air Canada Centre, and incredible views, One York Street offers a fantastic work environment for its occupants. Just as 25 York Street set the sustainability standard for the south business core, One York Street has raised the bar for high performance buildings in sustainability and workplace health, leveraging the beneficial relationship between humans and the built environment. The project builds on design excellences of office towers that came before it, and continues to push the envelope of high-performance buildings in the future. One York Street is a 100% leased, 35-storey, 800,000 sq.ft., Class AAA office building in the South Core of Toronto. Part of a larger mixed-use development encompassing approximately 2 million square feet of density on a two-acre site, the entire development is an urban re-generator that includes 1,313 condominium units and 200,000 sq.ft. of prime retail space, restaurant and public space, as well as a four level underground parking garage with nine electric vehicle charging stations and 12 car share spots. One York is set to join the ranks of other leading commercial buildings in North America with its LEED Core & Shell Platinum certification. 1 One York Street is a 35 storey, 800,000 ft2 Class AAA office building in the south core of Toronto. 2 One York Street is prime location for promoting active transportation options like biking and walking. 3 Solar system atop One York Street, highest installed system in Canada.
SPRING 2017 Toronto FOCUS
Community & Wellbeing The projectâ€™s design delivers a new benchmark for human comfort and healthy office building design. The building promotes healthy lifestyles to its occupants by making it easier for people to ride their bicycles, walk to work or exercise with an onsite fitness center. Floor to ceiling glass allows for maximum natural light penetration as well as spectacular views not only to save energy but to improve health of its occupants. Employees will be encouraged to use the stairs as a way to incorporate physical activity into their day to improve their health. An exterior terrace is available to employees of the building to enjoy during lunch, which can also be a space for occupants to take a break to reduce stress and promote good mental health.
3 Water Water consumption for the design of One York Street was a high priority for Menkes. Two large rainwater collection cisterns were installed, one at the condo tower and the second at the office tower. Rain water collected from the condo tower is piped over to the office tower to be reused for the entire buildingâ€™s toilets and urinals, as well as the drip irrigation system serving the landscaping located on the ground and podium levels. Water savings are calculated at over 66%, annual savings of over five million litres of potable water, when compared to a typical office building. Join us for a tour at Spring Open on April 27! Visit http://bit. ly/2017SpringOpen for more information. 4 One York Street is path connected, and a short distance to Union Station. 5 Sun Life Financial Tower developed and managed by Menkes Development. All photos are to be credited to: Menkes Development.
Toronto FOCUS 27
Join the Greater Toronto Chapter of the Canada Green Building Council for these upcoming events! visit www.cagbctoronto.org/news-events/event-listing to sign up for these great events and more!
Green Associate Exam Kickstarter Courses April 12 | June 21 | August 17
APRIL 27, 2017
SPRING 2017 Toronto FOCUS
6:00 - 9:00 PM
BACK BY POPULAR DEMAND!
GREATER TORONTO CHAPTER
BOAT CRUISE JUNE 22, 2017
DRIVE FOR CHANGE
SEPTEMBER 19, 2017
RATTLESNAKE POINT GOLF CLUB
October 12, 201 7
GREATER TORONTO CHAPTER Gala and Awards SPRING 2017
Toronto FOCUS 29
Partnerships Key to the Success of The Living City Campus The Living City Campus at Kortight is an initiative of the Toronto and Region Conservation (TRCA) and part of the Building Research Establishment’s (BRE) international network of innovation parks.
The Archetype Sustainable House (ASH) was designed and constructed as a living laboratory for the testing and research of sustainable building technologies. The Off Grid Learning Centre is a lab intended to be used by academic research partners involved in advanced building design for the purpose of exploring questions related to innovative, high-performance, building envelopes.
Home of the Archetype Sustainable House (ASH), one of The Living City Campus’ Labs, and the recently refurbished Off Grid Learning Centre, the campus will soon be home to a new set of innovative demonstration buildings. The Living City Campus, known as Canada’s Innovation Park, will provide a platform for the construction industry to demonstrate and highlight innovative solutions to achieve low carbon buildings and communities at a global level.
The new labs will provide the opportunity to pilot construction innovation that will influence future standards and policies. The ASH, constructed in 2008 through a partnership with the Building Industry and Land
Servicing for the expansion of these new Living City Labs
Development Association (BILD), has been the home of various
began last fall and is nearing completion. Serviced building
research projects focusing on innovative technologies that are now
plots will be developed with industry partners to showcase
influencing new and current building practices. These include drain
a variety of design themes and performance benchmarks rel-
water heat recovery (which is now a requirement in the Ontario
evant to the Canadian market.
Building Code), dual fuel heating systems and air source heat pumps that are being prescribed as part of mechanical systems for net-zero energy homes.
Partnerships have been key to the success of The Living City Campus to-date, and will continue to be as we work towards building an international platform for the Canadian construc-
The first project completed as part of the Campus expansion is
tion industry. A variety of exciting engagement opportunities
the refurbished Off Grid Learning Centre, a former off-grid cottage
are available for organizations to get involved. Those inter-
designed to the original R-2000 concepts. A refurbishment based on
ested can complete the Expression of Interest form, which can
Passive House principles of a highly insulated and airtight building
be found at www.thelivingcitycampus.com or contact Glenn
envelope was completed this past fall with support from key industry
MacMillan at email@example.com for more information.
and academic partners. This living lab will be used by our partners for building science research, and also used as a classroom for green building and renewable energy training and other educational programming. 30
SPRING 2017 Toronto FOCUS
Heating technology from Viessmann is used in the Archetype House. See the case study on the Uponor radiant floor heating used in the House: http://www.sabmagazine.com/casestudies.html.
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Toronto FOCUS 31
INLINE Fiberglass windows in Toronto Community Housing Corporation (TCHC) Project TORONTO COMMUNITY HOUSINGâ€™S WEST DON LANDS DEVELOPMENT incorporates many sustainable features: a superior building envelope, high-efficiency building systems, ENERGY STAR appliances, and energy-efficient Inline Fiberglass Windows which help cut energy costs and improve comfort.
TCHC West Don Lands I Location: 589 King Street E, Toronto, ON. Architect: CORE Architect / Project Management: BLUESCAPE.
Call us to discuss your next project! email@example.com, 1-866-566-5656, ext: 226 www.inlinefiberglass.com
CaGBC Toronto FOCUS Publication spring 2017