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ISSUE NUMBER 61 | FALL 2018 | PM40024961 | $6

The PASSIVE HOUSE issue

NUUTSUMUUT LELUM Big reduction in operating costs helps affordability BUILDING RESILIENCE The power of existing buildings in the low-carbon retrofit economy CONTINUING EDUCATION: High-Performance Building Enclosures in the Anthropocene

SABMag - FALL 2018

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Industry News, Products, Events

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Building Resilience: Harnessing the power of existing and historic buildings for the low-carbon retrofit economy

17 23 28

PASSIVE HOUSE PROJECTS Deep Performance Dwelling Parkdale Landing Nuutsumuut Lelum

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FALL 2018 17

CONTINUING EDUCATION ARTICLE 34 High-performance building enclosures in the Anthropocene 39

Procuring Passive House Projects: It takes an expert team and a rigorous methodology

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VIEWPOINT ARTICLE Nuutsumuut Lelum: Passive House performance as a means to an end

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ISSUE DON’T MISS NEXT WINTER 2018/19 ÚFuture of the Family Home Energy efficient, yes; and more ÚTools to Calculate Building Emissions Knowing where we are will bring

opportunities for more reductions

ÚAnnual Special Supplement: 2019 Directory of Products and Services for Sustainable Building Cover: Nuutsumuut Lelum. DYS Architecture. Bottom right: The Pape Village House, Toronto. Solares Architecture Inc. Photo: Frank Crawford.

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INLINE FIBERGLASS WINDOWS IN THE HARVEY WOODS LOFTS IN WOODSTOCK, ON - A winning project of the 2018 Canadian Green Building Awards. Time-tested durability Superior energy efficiency Residential and commercial applications

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Dedicated to high-performance building

PASSIVE HOUSE

Member Canada Green Building Council

SABMag is a proud member and official media partner of the Canada Green Building Council.

VISIT www.sabmagazine.com PUBLISHER Don Griffith 800-520-6281, ext. 1, dgriffith@sabmagazine.com EDITOR Jim Taggart, FRAIC 604-874-0195, architext@telus.net SENIOR ACCOUNT MANAGER Patricia Abbas 416-438-7609, pabbas@sabmagazine.com GRAPHIC DESIGN Carine De Pauw carinedp6@gmail.com SUBSCRIPTIONS/CHANGE OF ADDRESS Lyse Cadieux, lcadieux@sabmagazine.com

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The print version of SABMag uses Rolland Enviro 100 Satin, a 100% post-consumer fiber that is certified FSC and EcoLogo. It is processed chlorine-free, FSC-recycled and is manufactured using biogas energy.

Putting together this issue devoted to Passive House projects has been both informative and thought-provoking. To date, most of the buzz around Passive House has focused on its promise of 80-90% reductions in operating energy and related carbon emissions compared to basic code-compliant structures; and to the enhanced indoor environmental quality that results from temperature stabilization, the constant supply of fresh, filtered air and the reduction in noise that comes from the tightly sealed building envelope. What becomes apparent from the research, however, is that the great majority of Passive House projects built thus far in Canada have been owner-operated rental or supportive housing facilities. For what appear to be single-digit premiums in construction cost, these buildings are future-proofing residents and owners alike against the ongoing escalation of energy prices. As Chris Beaton, Executive Director of the Nanaimo Aboriginal Centre observes in his Viewpoint piece, for some low-income residents, high winter heating bills can mean the difference between making ends meet or not. Equally importantly, the rigorous standards of design and construction required for the successful delivery of high-performance buildings, such as those built to the PH standard, demand an INTEGRATED design and delivery process in which the client, consultants and contractors are all involved. As industry capacity and momentum build around Passive House, we will surely witness a paradigm shift by which the successful delivery and life cycle performance of these buildings becomes not only a collaborative endeavour, but also a collective responsibility. photo: Roy Grogan

The prosaic virtues of life cycle affordability, reliability and durability, all critical to long-term sustainability and resilience, have at times been outdazzled by the seductive allure of green ‘bling.’ There is no better time than now to give up the self-indulgent search for novelty and replace it with a universal commitment to quality, inclusivity and affordability. Jim Taggart, FRAIC Editor

Environmental savings for this issue:

77 Trees

275,795 litres water

4,022 kg waste

9,805 kg CO2 SABMag - FALL 2018

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NEWS If there is a doubt in my mind, it is not with the work, but whether a book that runs to more than 400 pages is consistent with Mackay-

BOOK REVIEW

Lyons Sweetapple Architects’ philosophy of ‘Economy as Ethic.’

The Work of Mackay-Lyons Sweetapple Architects: Economy as Ethic

ISBN: 9780500343319, hardcover, $92.00 https://bit.ly/2HZBt8y. See

The work of Mackay-Lyons Sweetapple is

the full review at https://sabmagazine.com/news-events-products/

what Swedish architectural historian Claes Caldenby calls an ‘Architecture of Necessity’,

EVENTS

eschewing all that is superfluous and con-

The Buildings Show

sciously choosing substance over spectacle.

November 28-30, 2018

Sensitive to the traditional hardships of

Metro Toronto Convention Centre

eking out a living in Nova Scotia, Mackay-

www.thebuildingsshow.com

Lyons observes, “The vernacular is what you

The Buildings Show provides an unforgettable experience as

make when you can’t afford to fail.”

Canada’s largest event for products, services, educational program-

This engagement with tradition roots the work of Mackay-Lyons Sweetapple Architects firmly in its place, rendering it accessible intellectually, emotionally and economically. It can be argued that the most sustainable buildings are those that we care about, maintain properly and adapt to new uses as our circumstances evolve and change. This in turn leads to what Mackay-Lyons refers to as the ‘democratization’ of architecture. He observes, “Henry Ford contributed to the democratization of technology by making an automobile that anyone could afford. I believe the democratization of architecture is necessary to ensure its social relevance and the ultimate survival of the profession.” The work showcased in this book is of the highest quality, the documentation comprehensive and further context provided through

ming and professional networking for the Design, Architecture, Construction, Renovation and Real Estate sectors. Get ready for some big changes in 2018 as World of Concrete Toronto Pavilion, HomeBuilder & Renovator Expo and STONEX Canada relocate and grow in the North Building of the Metro Toronto Convention Centre and Construct Canada and PM Expo maintain their position and expand in the South Building. The enhanced Show will provide an immersive and unique experience through larger-than-life, dynamic exhibits, thought-provoking educational discussions and innovative product showcases. Experience a new chapter for The Buildings Show from November 28 - 30, 2018. Passive House Canada Conference - November 7-8 - Vancouver, BC https://conference.passivehousecanada.com/

essays by Mackay-Lyons, Sweetapple and renowned architectural critic

GreenBuild 2018 - November 14-16. Chicago, IL

Kenneth Frampton.

http://greenbuild.usgbc.org/greenbuild

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INTRODUCING

the Defender 88PH System

PASSIVE HOUSE CERTIFIED AVAILABLE JANUARY 2019

we believe in exceeding performance standards And so do our building partners. The new Defender 88PH System combines decades of fenestration knowledge to deliver a robust window system that exceeds the industry’s toughest performance criteria. Manufactured in Canada, the Defender 88PH System is a PHI Certified Passive House Window that is engineered and tested for single family, low to high-rise multi-family, and commercial projects in the Pacific Northwest. Learn more about the Defender 88PH System at innotech-windows.com/passive-house

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BUILDING RESILIENCE

Harnessing the Power of Existing and Historic Buildings for the Low-Carbon Retrofit Economy

The architectural and engineering professions, and essentially the entire industry, will need to re-define itself over the next five to ten years to accommodate a dramatic move towards what has become known as “The Retrofit Economy” and “The Low-Carbon Economy”. In order to achieve this evolution at an adequate rate, we need new ways of thinking, new tools and new attitudes about what constitutes “cool”. One of these ways of thinking is the realization of the connections between natural and cultural conservation. By Mark Thompson Brandt The Sir John A Macdonald Building, across from Parliament Hill, is one of the case studies in the new national guideline document, “Building Resilience: Practical Guidelines for the Rehabilitation of Buildings in Canada”. The former 1930-32 Bank of Montreal Building was converted into a Hall of State for the House of Commons, including the completely ‘wired’ high-tech ballroom, which was the former banking hall. The many interventions, including a 3,100 sq. m. addition, were carefully inserted into the existing building to preserve its heritage character while making it work for the 21st century. The multi-award-winning Rehabilitation Project included a deep green retrofit that earned a 5-Globe Green Globes rating (said to approximate a LEED-Platinum rating) and the first SABMag/CaGBC Existing Building Retrofit Award in 2017. NORR Architects & Engineers in association with MTBA Associates Inc., Heritage Conservation Architects, for PSPC / HoC. Photo: DoubleSpace Photography. 10

SABMag - FALL 2018


One valve. One actuator. More control. The patented Johnson Controls six-way control valve and 270 degree actuator will change the way you view chilled beam, fan-coil and other terminal unit installation. With three times the operating range of other actuators, you can take advantage of improved energy efficiency, greater application flexibility, precise control, and lower operational costs. The six-way control valve and 270 degree actuator simplifies installation by reducing the number of valves and actuators required for controlling a system. Plus, it delivers continuous flow control over a rotational range of 270 degrees for more precise accuracy. A design engineered for accuracy and reliability by Johnson Controls.

For a new direction in efficiency and comfort from a trusted source, visit www.johnsoncontrols.com

Š 2018 Johnson Controls. All rights reserved. SABMag - FALL 2018

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IT’S NOT A TREND. IT’S A REVOLUTION. Visit ZIPRevolution.com to learn how easy it is to make the switch.

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PASSIVE HOUSE PROJECT

DEEP PERFORMANCE DWELLING

1

80% cut in energy demand marks a winning design

1. South facade of the Deep Performance Dwelling

By Ben Wareing

The Deep Performance Dwelling [DPD] is a model of sustainable and affordable urban living designed and built by TeamMTL – a collaboration between McGill and Concordia Universities with several private and public-sector partners. Students and faculty of Architecture, Engineering, Design and Computation Arts, and Management, collaborated for two-and-a-half years on this extraordinary endeavor. As a fully integrated, system-built, Passive House construction, the DPD radically addresses the climatic, socio-cultural, and affordable housing context of Montreal and beyond.

Over half of the world's population now live in cities and this trend is projected to increase to 80% by 2050. Cities are the stage upon which our collective future finds full expression as simultaneously the main site of contestation and opportunity to create alternative and sustainable ways of living. The creation and cultivation of a dense, efficient, affordable, and vibrant urban milieu is of critical importance. “Deep-performance” implies an advanced architecture that embodies qualitative and quantitative notions of performance, asserting culture as foundational to the social, environmental, economic, and technological. The DPD combines the efficiency, density, and flexibility of the Montreal row house with the functionality and cultural significance of the Fond de cour backyard house. The three-dimensional architectural promenade with varying degrees of nested public to private spaces further reflects these cultural values. The central courtyards of each home are open on either side, allowing for shared space between residents in a row house scenario. The street entrances are closely aligned, and a shared backstreet and accessible entrance porch promotes sociability and chance encounter, fostering a cohesive community.

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Proud window supplier for the award-winning Deep Performance Dwelling Passive House, … and more projects like it!

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PASSIVE HOUSE PROJECT

PARKDALE LANDING Adaptive re use of derelict building a new asset for social good

Parkdale Landing in Hamilton, ON is a three-storey, 4,300m2 adaptive reuse project located in the city’s east end. It is developed and operated by Indwell, a Christian charity that creates affordable housing communities for people seeking health, wellness and belonging. By Graham Cubitt and Emma Cubitt

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CATEGORY SPONSORS

1 5

2

6

3 7

Visit http://sab.ydsinc.ca/awards/ winners2018 for complete details. For details on sponsoring the Canadian Green Building Awards contact dgriffith@sabmagazine.com. 4

8 201

AWARDS

winning projects G IN

ARCHITECTURAL

G

D

NATIONAL SPONSORS NATIONAL SPONSORS

ADIAN

EN BUIL

The Awards presentation of the 2018 Canadian Green Building Awards, the annual program of Sustainable Architecture & Building [SABMag], took place in Toronto on June 4, 2018 where the winning firms were recognized. We especially thank our sponsors who make the Awards possible.

N CA

RE

The winners of the 2018 Canadian Green Building Awards

1 Normand Deschênes [left] of National Sponsor Masonite Architectural presents the Institutional [Small] Award for the Centre de découverte to Daniel Smith of Smith Vigeant Architectes. 2 Rebecca Mallinson [third left] of Category Sponsor Enbridge presents the Commercial/ Industrial [Large] Award for the One York Tower to [l to r] : Phil Bastow of The Mitchell Partnership Inc., Alan Murphy of Green Reason, and John Gillanders, Dermot Sweeny, David Copeland, and Peter Kurkjia, all of Sweeny &Co Architects Inc. 3 Normand Deschênes [centre] of National Sponsor Masonite Architectural presents the Commercial/Industrial [Small] Award for the UBC Campus Energy Centre to Charles Marshall [left] and Raul Dominquez of DIALOG. 4 Normand Deschênes [second left] of National Sponsor Masonite Architectural presents the Commercial/Industrial [Small] Award for the Ecology Action Centre Headquarters to [l to r] : Jordan Willett of Solterre Design, Maggy Burns of the Ecology Action Centre [Managing Director Emeritus], Emma Norton of the Ecology Action Centre, and Patrick Jardine of Tekton Design + Build. 5 Bob Prince [centre] of Invizij Architects Inc. receives the Existing Building Upgrade Award for the Harvey Woods Lofts from Category Sponsor Inline Fiberglass represented by Gary Mackin [left] and Victor Kowalczyk. 6 SABMag publisher Don Griffith [second left], representing National Sponsor the Canadian Precast Prestressed Concrete Institute, presents the Institutional [Large] Award for the Langara College Science & Technology Building to [l to r] Wes Wilson, Tomer Diamant, Mahsa Majidian, and Aidan Mitchelmore of Teeple Architects. 7 L to r: Andrew Arifuzzaman of the University of Toronto Scarborough, and Nigel Tai and John Featherstone, both of Diamond Schmitt Architects, receive the Institutional [Large] Award from SABMag publisher Don Griffith, representing National Sponsor the Canadian Precast Prestressed Concrete Institute. Unable to attend were: DIALOG, winner of the Commercial/Industrial [Small] Award for the UBC Campus Energy Centre; and Landform Architecture, winner of the Institutional [Small] Award for the Okanagan Child Care Centre. Photos: Vuk Dragojevic. SABMag - FALL 2018

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PASSIVE HOUSE PROJECT

NUUTSUMUUT LELUM Big reduction in operating costs helps affordability

1

2

The 25-unit Nuutsumuut Lelum development provides affordable housing for members of the Indigenous community in Nanaimo, BC, including homes for youth, singles, and families with up to five members. In addition, special consideration has been given to provide homes for Elders to strengthen the inter-generational relationships that are important in a family-based community. By David Simpson and Darcy Imada

The site is adjacent to an arterial road, providing high visibility for the city’s Indigenous community for the first time. In response to the configuration and orientation of the site, the ground-oriented residences are sited in a linear pattern that defines pedestrian circulation and outdoor space. A fundamental objective of the client community was that the built form and landscape create the opportunity for the residents to interact. Accordingly, the entry to the development is central on the site so residents and visitors enter at the heart of the community – the indoor and outdoor gathering spaces. This entry is identified by an 11-metre high totem pole and ceremonial entrance. The linear building massing along Bowen Road conforms to the City guideline for a two-storey street wall with residential windows providing eyes on the street. The undulating roofs slope down to the north to maximize sun access to the outdoor spaces and, in the case of the buildings on the north side of the site, to the south-facing windows.

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The Heights, 388 Skeena Street in Vancouver, B.C., is currently Canada’s largest Passive House building

PHC Canada’s first Passive House certified window Manufactured in Delta, BC, and used extensively in single family and multi family Passive House projects throughout the Pacific Northwest Recent projects include: • Nuutsumuut Lelum, Nanaimo • The Heights, Vancouver • Okanagan College Daycare, Penticton

To find out more, call or visit us

1.800.337.8604

www.euroline-windows.com SABMag - FALL 2018

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High-Performance Building Enclosures in the Anthropocene Read this article and take the quiz at: http://sabmagazine-education.com In the past century, builders used giant resources of energy and new chemical-based materials to conquer the vagaries of nature through power and mechanical engineering. An unintended consequence of these methods is that, today, our buildings contribute approximately 40% of total global greenhouse gas emissions. In the Anthropocene, human carbon emissions are driving global warming. Because of this, we can no longer default to past industry norms.

SABMag continuing education courses for LEED AP credential maintenance 1

In the early 21st Century, we find ourselves in a race against time. By 2050, we need to reduce carbon emissions by 80-90% globally to mitigate the worst effects of climate change. The decisions we make today will determine our success in 2050. Our goalposts have shifted, and our buildings need to become a part of the solution, not perpetuate the problem. By Erika Mayer, 475 High Performance Building Supply These principles and actions include: What Defines a High-Performance Enclosure Today?

PRINCIPLE 1: LOWER EMBODIED CARBON

Fortunately, the tools we can use to mitigate climate change will also

The harvesting and manufacturing of building materials alone

promote the health, comfort and safety of occupants, provide new

is responsible for approximately 10-20% of all human-made

opportunities for aesthetic and environmental delight, and equip us to

greenhouse gas emissions. Depending on a building’s efficiency,

achieve a new advanced high performance.

the embodied carbon of construction materials can account for between 20 and 100% of the building’s total lifetime emis-

High performance today is not about making buildings less bad, but

sions. And even when a building is moderately energy efficient,

about making life better. High performance is not about complex tech-

embodied carbon can easily exceed the total operations emis-

nological systems that compensates for poor design, but about the

sions for 25 years - severely limiting the potential near term

the building fabric itself, the architecture. To accomplish this, we don’t

positive impact.

need to reinvent architecture, just acknowledge relevant foundational

Action:

principles which are immediately actionable.

• Use fewer construction materials and ensure that the materials used have low embodied energy to significantly reduce shortterm emissions.

1 - TeamMTL’s collaborative entry of McGill + Concordia Universities in 2018 Solar Decathlon, using high performance membranes and cellulose insulation in prefabricated panels developed by Ecocor. Credit: Ecocor.

• Utilize less processed and more natural materials. Using more timber based construction, that is harvested with sustainable forestry will reduce the use of steel and concrete structures and foam insulations.

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THE PASSIVE HOUSE STANDARD IS THE PATH FORWARD. BE READY.

Alta Lake Passive House (top), BC Passive House Ltd. Factory (bottom left), and North Park Passive House (bottom right).

Whether you’re a designer, architect, planner, builder, policy maker or curious homeowner, we have a course to meet your needs. Let us take you there. As the nation’s leading provider in Passive House design and building education, we value quality. Our course material reflects the most up-to-date advancements of the international Passive House Standard and is delivered by Passive House experts 1.778.265.2744 www.passivehousecanada.com 38

SABMag - FALL 2018

immersed everyday in Canadian Passive House building projects. Since 2015, we have trained nearly 4,000 industry professionals across Canada and partnered with governments across the globe to advance the future of high performance buildings.


PROCURING PASSIVE HOUSE PROJECTS It takes an expert team and a rigorous methodology The increasing emphasis on carbon reduction in buildings has created a new imperative for the adoption of the ultra low energy Passive House standard. With all new government and publicly-funded projects required to meet Zero Carbon Targets by 2030 and all existing buildings by 2050, High Performance (HP) buildings generally, and Passive House (PH) buildings in particular have a vital role to play.

These publicly-funded projects are often procured through traditionally formulated processes, that are not always well-suited for PH projects. Rather, a successful project begins with a complementary procurement process, as the high-level performance targets of PH buildings need rigour in design and construction. Therefore, they require the ideal team and a specific process for implementation.

Jonathan Kearns, Deborah A. Byrne and Charlotte J. Leck The Passive House Salus Clementine Housing project in Ottawa. CSV Architects. Photo: Gordon King Photography.

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VIEWPOINT

NUUTSUMUUT LELUM: PASSIVE HOUSE PERFORMANCE AS A MEANS TO AN END By Chris Beaton, Executive Director, Nanaimo Aboriginal Centre Nanaimo is a city of approximately 100,000 residents, of whom about 6,500 are Indigenous. Located on the east coast of Vancouver Island, the area has long been a hub for trade, and the local Snuneymuxw First nation has always welcomed others to its territory. Today’s Indigenous population is therefore quite diverse, and includes Snuneymuxw, Snaw Naw As, Stzuminus, and 2,000 members of the Mid Island Metis Nation. The non-profit Nanaimo Aboriginal Centre (NAC) runs programs that are open to all. 2

1

3

The vision of the NAC is to support the realization of a 100% high school graduation

To help address this situation, again in partnership

rate for Aboriginal students in the Nanaimo Ladysmith district. Of course, we recog-

with government agencies and other community

nize that we cannot achieve this goal alone, and actively seek partnerships with other

organizations, the NAC undertook the creation

like-minded organizations.

of Nuutsumuut Lelum, a 25-unit rental housing complex for Indigenous families, youth and Elders,

In 2014 this approach led to the creation of the Nisaika Kum'tuks Learning Centre, a

anchored by a communal space for gatherings,

community-based education program for students from kindergarten to grade 3, with

celebrations and other activities.

a particular focus on collaborative and experiential learning. As students have progressed through the program, it has expanded to include grades 4-7. In 2016, another

A project like this provides our youth with that

partnership saw the opening of the Tsawalk Learning Centre, a flexible program for

safe and affordable home and that sense of com-

students aged 12-19, that supports them in achieving whatever courses and credits

munity, so when they arrive at their classroom in

they require to complete their high school diploma.

the morning they can focus on the tasks at hand. Some people may now view our organization as

Despite these successes, the NAC recognizes that the solution to improved gradua-

a housing provider, but that is absolutely not our

tion rates does not lie solely within the schools themselves. In a typical school year,

intention.

students spend about 20% of their time in the classroom, whereas 80% is spent at home, in the community, with family and with friends. When those children arrive in the classroom in the morning knowing that their family is about to be evicted again this month or that they are living in unsafe housing; or that they will be couch-surfing this evening, we cannot realistically expect them to focus on the learning opportunities presented to them.

1.Passive House certification was a means to an end in that the resulting huge reduction in energy consumption makes monthly energy bills much more affordable. 2.The Nanaimo Aboriginal Centre serves the local and quite diverse Indigenous population. 3. Chris Beaton, Executive Director, Nanaimo Aboriginal Centre.

SABMag - FALL 2018

45


PRECAST CONCRETE BUILDS ON... RESILIENCY

The key attributes of enhanced architectural & structural resiliency are:

· · · · · ·

Resistance to disasters Short-term recovery from a crisis Longevity (long service life) Life safety Durability Adaptability for reuse

Maple Avenue Condos & Parking Garage, Barrie, Ontario Architect: Turner Fleischer Architects Inc. | Engineer: Hanna Ghabrial & Associates Ltd Owner: Auburn Developments

.ca Visit www.cpci.ca/publications to download your free copies of the Mitigate and Adapt Building our Communities in the Age of Climate Change brochure and the Structural Solutions technical publication.

.ca E: info@cpci.ca TF: 877.937.2724

Member

For more information on the Canadian Precast Concrete Quality Assurance (CPCQA) Certification Program, please visit: www.precastcertification.ca

.ca

SABMag - FALL 2018

.ca

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SABMag - FALL 2018

SABMag 61 - digital sample  

A digital sample of the Fall 2018 Issue of SABMag

SABMag 61 - digital sample  

A digital sample of the Fall 2018 Issue of SABMag