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April, 2010 Compiled and commented by the Political Defiance Committee (PDC) .......................National Council of the Union of Burma (NCUB)

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vuf&jdS zpfay:aeaom tajctaersm;udk a':atmifqef qef;pk=unfEiS fh awG@qaHk qG;aEG;cGijf yK&ef yK&eftwGuf tzGJ@csKyfA[d A[dt k vkyrf a_ qmiftzGJ@u rwfv(17)&uf (17)&ufae@wiG f etzxH etzxH xyfraH wmif;qdck aJh omfvnf; etzu ta=umif;jyef=um;jcif; rjyKcJah y? H umtodik ;f csKyfcs,u f ef@owfxm;onf@ etz. a&G;aumufyOGJ ya'rsm;udk ukvor*~tygt0if Edik if w t0dik ;f taejzifh a0befaxmufjyaeonf@tqifu h dk ausmv f eG +f yD; vufawG@ta&;,laqmif&u G v f m&ef m&ef tzGJ@csKyfu ar#mv f ifah =umif; OD;wifO;D u rwfv(16)&ufae@wiG f xkwaf z:ajymqdck +Jh yD; w&m;r#wr_r&do S nf@ xdOk ya'rsm;udk w&m;&H;k tqifq h ifo h dk@ wdik =f um;jcif;tygt0if Oya'a=umif;t& pdeaf c:r_rsm; qufvufjyKvkyo f mG ;rnf[k rwfv (18)&ufae@wiG f xkwaf z:ajymqdck o Jh nf? w&m;r# S nf@ a&G;aumufyOGJ ya'rsm;udk xkwjf yefco Jh nf@ etz w&m;r#wr_r&do acgi;f aqmif Adv k cf sKyfrLS ;}uD;oef;a&$ tm; rwfv(23)&ufae@wiG f tzGJ@csKyfu &efuek w f &m;&Hk;csKyfY w&m;pGq J cdk aJh omf w&m;&H;k uvufrcHyJ y,fcsco Jh nf? a':atmifqef;pk=unfudk Adv k cf sKyfrLS ;}uD;oef;a&$EiS fh tjrefq;Hk awG@qcHk iG afh y;&efEiS fh 1990 a&G;aumufyw GJ iG f tEdik &f cJo h nf@ wdik ;f &if;om;Edkiif aH &;ygwrD sm;udk w&m;0if&yfwnfciG afh y;&ef tzGJ@csKyfu rwfv(27)&ufae@wiG f etz udk awmif;qdck o Jh nf? tzGJ@csKyfom a&G;aumufyt GJ Edik &f oGm;cJv h #if jrefrmjynfukd tar&duefawG v$r;f rd;k oGm; vdrn R [ f k &efuek +f rdK@awmf0ef atmifoed ;f vif;u rwfv(29)&ufae@wiG f xkwaf z:ajymqdck Jhonf? etz. 2010 a&G;aumufyGJwG wiG f tzGJ@csKyftaejzifh yg0ifjcif jcif;rjyK&ef rwfv(29)ae@wiG f usi;f yjyKvkycf Jh onf@ tzGJ@csKyf. A[dak umfrwDpn Hk t D pnf;ta0;u uef@uu G o f r&d lr&dS axmufct H wnfjyKcJo h nf? ygwt D aejzifh etz. a&G;aumufyaGJ umfr&Siw f iG f rSwyf rHk wifaomfvnf; ygwyD sujf y,fomG ;rnfr[kw[ f k 'kOuUX OD;wifO;D u xdk ae@wiG f xkwaf z:ajymqdck o Jh nf? etz. a&G;aumufyu GJ dk oydwaf rSmuf&efq;Hk jzwfco Jh nf@ tzGJ@csKyftay: ppftpd;k & u +zdKcGi;r_ f;r_topfrsm; jyKvkyv f mEdik af =umif; tzGJ@csKyfA[dt k vkyt f r_aqmif OD;0if;wif u rwfv(30)&ufae@wiG f owday;ajymqdck o Jh nf? a':atmifqef;pk=unf. aetdr+f cHpnf;&d;k rsm;rSm +ydKusae+yD;/ ppftpd;k &u jyifqifru _ dk &yf qdik ;f xm;&ef !$e=f um;xm;ojzifh olr.vH+k cHKa&;twGuf tvGefepf ;dk &drpf &maumif;a=umif; olr.a&S@ae OD;=unf0if; u rwfv(15)&ufae@wiG f xkwaf z:ajymqdck o Jh nf? etztaejzifh 2010 a&G;aumufyOGJ ya'udk toH;k jyKI tzGJ@csKyfEiS fh 4if;. 1990 a&G;aumufy&GJ v'frsm;udk f &m;twGuf cGet f m;&do S r# ckcH t+yD;tydik f zsuo f rd ;f ypf&ef pDpOfvyk af qmifcjJh cif;jzpf&m tzGJ@csKyftaejzifh trSew rnf wdu k cf u dk &f efrw S yg; tjcm;r&daS wmhojzifh a&S@quf+yD; xdyw f dku&f ifqidk rf r_ sm;ESifh zdEySd af csre_ ;f rsm; ydrk jdk yif;xefvmmrnf [k oH;k oyfygonf? ppftpd;k &taejzifh a&G;aumufyOGJ ya'jzifh tzGJ@csKyfudk ab;uswef u atmif jyKvkyEf idk cf Jh H swjf zpfatmif aomfvnf; ,QK tzGJ@csKyfa&G;cs,cf o Jh nf@vrf;rSm ppftpd;k &udv k nf; jyefvnfI ab;uswef u H swf jzpfapEdik o f nf[k oH;k oyfygonf?

ppppt ft fq f pp;kd ;kd &&EEiS iS hf hf w wikd ikd ;f ;f &ⅈf ;f o omm;;t tzz@JG t @JG tppn n;f ;f rrsmsm;; q qu uq f aH aH &&;;t taajjcct taaee?? etzppftpd;k &u typf&yftzGJ@tm;vH;k udk 2010 a&G;aumufyrwd GJrwdik rf D e,fjcm;apmifw h yf odk@r[kwf jynf ol@ppfwyfzGJ@rsm;tjzpf toGiaf jymif;cdik ;f &ef qH;k jzwfxm;onf@twGuf toGiu f ;l ajymif;a&;rl0g'aumfrwD/ toGif f ;l ajymif;a&; wdik ;f tqifv wk@d rS typf&yftzGJ@ ul;ajymif;a&; A[dt k qifv h yk if ef;aumfrwDEiS fh toGiu h yk if ef;aumfrwDwd rsm;tay: rsm;tay: enf;trsKd ;rsKd ;jzifh zdtm;rs m;rsm;wd;k jrSiafh y;v#u&f &dS m typf&yfe,fajrtoD;oD;wGif wif;rmr_rsm;ESifh ppfjyifr_ rsm; ay:ayguv f #u&f o dS nf? etzu y,fcsaeonf@=um;rS UWSA 0 tzGJ@u 4if;wdk@awmif;qdx k m;onf@ tcsu(f 9)csuu f dk vdu k f av#may;&ef qufvufawmif;qdv k #u&f onf dSonf? 0 tzGJ@taejzifh e,fjcm;apmifw h yftjzpf toGiaf jymif;a&;udk vuf dk cf u dk &f ef jyifqifv#u&f o dS nf? 0 wyfzGJ@u rcHv#if rw&m;oif;tjzpf jyefvnfowfrw S +f yD; etzu xd;k ppfqifwu f yfzGJ@urdk qdk rdru d , dk rf rd d um vnf; 4if;wdk@e,fajrtwGi;f usL;ausm0f ifa&mufvmrnf@ rnfonf@vufeufuidk w uG,o f nf@taejzifh rwfv(2)&ufae@up+yD; ypfred f@ay;xm;a=umif; 0 wyfrLS ;wOD;u rwfv(12)&ufae@wiG f xkwf az:ajymqdck o Jh nf? etzESifh 0 wyfrsm; xdyw f u dk &f ifqidk rf nf@ tvm;tvmrsm; ydrk rdk sm;jym;vmojzifh w&kwEf idk if H u azaz:0g&v D (6)&ufae@rSp+yD; w&kwjf refrme,fpyf vifcse;f +rdK@e,ftwGi;f ppftiftm; ydrk w dk ;dk jrSicfh sxm;a=umif; a'ocHrsm;u ajymqdck o Jh nf? PDC News Commentary - April, 2010

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etzu 0oy tygt0if &Sr;f jynfta&S@yidk ;f a'o&dS typf&yftzGJ@rsm;udk +cdr;f ajcmuf tiftm;jyoonf@ taejzifh MIG-29 *suw f u dk af v,mOftyk rf sm;udk xdak 'orsm;teD;Y c&D;&Snys fyso H ef;avhusirfh r_ sm; jyKvkyv f #uf &d&S m rwfv(13)&ufae@wiG f xdak v,mOftyk w f ckrmS usKd if;wHak vqdyw f iG f ntdy&f yfem;cJo h nf? etzu 0 a'o wGif wm0efxrf;aqmifaeaom e,fpyfa'owdik ;f &if;om;vlrsdK;rsm; zGH@+zdK;a&;0ef}uD;Xme (ewv) . pdu k yf sKd ;a&;/ use;f rma&;/ ynma&;0efxrf xrf;rsm;udk cGi&fh uf&n S af y;+yD; jyefvm&ef!e$ =f um;ojzifh rwfv(23)&ufae@wiG f 4if;a'o rS pwifxu G cf mG oGm;cJ=h uonf? etzu xdak 'oodk@ vl0ifvx l u G Ef iS fh pm;eyf&d&u d mQ wifoiG ;f cGirfh sm; wif;uswx f m; a=umif; od&&dS onf? yefqef;a'ow0du k rf S touft&G,}f uD;&ifo h l trsm;pkyg0ifonf@ 0 t&yfom; (300)cef@rmS vnf; erf@wpf/ [dyk ef/ csi;f a&$a[mf a'orsm;odk@ ajymif;a&$@rr_ sm;&dcS aJh =umif; od&&dS onf? etzuvnf; SSA(N) ESifh UWSA typf&yftzGJ@ xdr;f csKyfe,fajrteD;&dS wef@,ef; ESifh rdik ;f &,f+rdK@ rsm;wGif tajcpdu k x f m;aom etz wyf&if;rsm;rS td d m;pkrsm;udk vufeufi,fu|r;f usirf t _ yg trd af xmifonfro t0if ppfoifwef;rsm;ay;v#u&f o dS nf? ud;k uef@e,fajrteD;&dS UWSA wyfr[m(418)xdr;f csKyfa'ow0du k w f iG f etzu wyfr(33)ESifh (77)wdk@udk tiftm;jznf@xm;+yD; vm&d;_ / wef@,ef;ESifh rdik ;f &SL;+rdK@e,frsm;wGif wyfr(77)/ wyf wyf r(99)ESifh oHviG jf rpftaemufbuf armfza'orsm;wGif wyfr(55)tygt0if a'ocHwyfrsm;/ jynfol@ppfrsm;udk tif tm;jznf@xm;a=umif; od&&dS onf? 0oy taejzifh etzESifh aqG;aEG;&mwGif 4if;wdk@awmif;qdx k m;onf@ tcsu(f 9)csuu f dk w&m;aoqkyu f idk f rxm;yJ tav#mt h wif;vkyf aqG;aEG f rd ;f ay;&ef aEG;&ef/ trSw(f 171) awmifyidk ;f ppfa'orS 0 wyfrsm;udk jyefvnf&yk o wdk@udk w&kwEf idk if u H t}uHjyKxm;aomfvnf; 0 acgi;f aqmifrsm;u vufrcHEidk a=umif fa=umif; jyefvnf&iS ;f jycJo h nf[k 0 acgi;f aqmifrsm;ESifh eD;pyfow l OD;u rwfv(22)&uf Jhonf? 0 acgi;f aqmifrsm;ESifh etz. (22)&ufae@wiG f xkwaf z:ajymqdck onf etz. p&ct&m&dcS sKyf 'kAv dk cf sKyf}uD;&Jjrifw h dk@ {+yD(1)&ufae@wiG f wef@,ef;+rdK@Y awG@qHk aqG;aEG;&ef xyfrcH sed ;f qdx k m;a=umif; od&&dS onf? etzonf KIO tzGJ@uv dk nf; enf;rsKd ;pHjk zifh qufvufzt d m;ay;v#u&f o dS nf? KIO tzGJ@uvnf; Edik if aH &;t& &;t& awG@qaHk jz&Si;f Edik &f ef }udK;pm;rnfjzpfaomfvnf; tqd;k qH;k tajctaeudk &ifqidk &f efjyifqifxm;a=umif; od&&dS onf? KIO A[dak umfrwD ta&;ay:tpnf;ta0;udk rwfv(1)&ufae@rSpI (10)&uf=um ac:,lusi;f ycJh onf? tpnf;ta0;&v'fudk xkwjf yefa=ujimjcif;r&daS o;aomfvnf; rycwyfrsm;u bde;f ESrd ef if;a&;udt k a=umif; jy+yD; ppfqifa&;jyKvkyv f mojzifh wif;rmr_rsm;ESifh ppfjyifqifrr_ sm; jzpfay:cJo h nf? ta&;}uD;onf@ &H;k oH;k ypPn;f rsm; ppfypPn;f rsm;ESifh wyfrsm;udv k nf; vdik Zf mrS ,QiXf mecsKyfa[mif;wnf&&dS m vdik pf if pcef;odk@ a&$@ajymif;xm;a=umif; od&&dS onf? ucsijf ynfe,ftwGi;f &dS wmrcH/ zm;uef@ ausmufprd ;f wGi;f e,fajrrsm;wGif etzwyfEiS fh KIO wyf rsm;u t+yd f pd;k &uvnf; xGuaf jy;vmrnf@ ucsif t+ydKiftqdik f ppfom;pkaqmif;ae=ua=umif ae=ua=umif; od&&dS onf? w&kwt vlxt k wGuf e,fpyfY 'kuo Q nfpcef;rsm; jyifqif qifaea=umif; od&&dS onf on?f KIO tzGJ@taejzifh e,fjcm;apmifw h yftjzpf toGiaf jymif;rajymif; rwfv(15)&ufae@udk aemufq;Hk xm;+yD; tajzay;&eftwGuf etzu &mZoHay;xm;&m rwfv(12)&ufae@wiG f 'kOuUX a*:&DaZmf aZmfqidk ;f acgi;f aqmifaom ud, k pf m;vS,t f zGJ@onf jrpf}uD;em;+rdK@ rycppfXmecsKyfY wdik ;f rLS ; Adv k cf sKyfp;dk 0if;ESifh (12)}udraf jrmuf awG@qaqG HkaqG;aEG;cJ+h yD; e,fjcm;apmifw k yftaejzifo h yftpm; jynfaxmifpw h m zGJ@pnf;vdak =umif; wifjycJonf honf? tcsuf (4)csuyf g tqdjk yKcsuu f v dk nf; wifjycJo h nf? rwfv(13)&ufae@wiG f ucsijf ynfe,f Aef;armfc&dik f rd;k armufEiS fh +rd +rdK@ fh wl KIO jynfol@ppf opft=um; uscrf;'yfaus;&GmwGif ta0;xdr;f pepfjzifah zgucf GJonf@ AH;k tvH;k (30)ausmEf iS t wyfzGJ@0if (8)OD;udk etz wyfrsm;u zrf;qD;&rdco Jh jzifh ESpzf uf ydrk w dk if;rmvmcJo h nf? rycwdki;f rSL; Adv k cf sKyfp;dk 0if;u xdAk ;Hk rsm;udk ucsicf &pf,mefacg h nf? cgi;f aqmifrsm;udk jyocJo etz owif;pmrsm;wGif az:jyjcif;rjyKaomfvnf; Adv k cf sKyf}uD;a&$ref;ESifh upxrSL;rsm;jzpf=uaom 'kw, d Adv k cf sKyf}uD;omat;/ 'kw, d Adv k cf sKyf}uD }uD;rif;atmifvid_ f wdk@onf rwfv(24)&ufae@wiG f ryc ppfXmecsKyfodk@ a&muf &dv S mcJ+h yD; [dyk if/ wEd wEdik ;f / ylwmtd+k rdK@rsm;udyk g qufvufomG ;a&mufum rwfv(25)&ufae@wiG f jyefomG ;cJah =umif; owif;rsm;ay:xGucf o Jh nf? wzufEiS w fh zuf tajctaers f mreefw;l *smrSm KIO tajctaersm;wif ;wif;rmaeaomfvnf; a'guw tzGJ@rES w _ x f u G +f yD; ucsijf ynfe,fw;dk wufa&;ygwD (Kachin State Progressive Party) udk OD;aqmif PDC News Commentary - April, 2010

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zGJ@pnf;cJo h nf? tqdyk g ygww D iG f A[dak umfrwDtzGJ@0if(15)OD;ESifh ygw0D iftiftm;(500)ausmf toif&h adS e+yD; etz. 2010 a&G;aumuf ;aumufyaGJ umfr&Six f w H iG f rSwyf w Hk ifrnf rnf[k rwfv(15)&uf Jh nf? (15)&ufae@wiG f ajymqdck o etzonf NDAA rke;f vm;tzGJ@EiS fh NMSP rGejf ynfopfygwD dk nf; toGiaf jymif;&eftwGuf gwDwdk@uv qufvuf zdtm;ay;v#u&f o dS nf? p&c t}uD;tuJ 'kAv dk cf sKyf}uD;&JjrifEh iS fh w*c wdik ;f rSL; Adkvcf sKyfausm+f zdK; wdk@u rke;f vm;tzGJ@ 'kOuUX(2) p0fqefv/l 'kppf OD;pD;csKyf p0fcrf;armif wdk@udk rwfv(29)&ufae@wiG f usKd if;wHk }wd*w H idk ;f ppf XmecsKyfodk@ac:,lawG@qcHk +Jh yD; {+y(D 28)&ufae@aemufq;Hk xm;I e,fjcm;apmifw h yftjzpf toGirf ajymif;v#if rw&m; oif;tjzpf owfrw S rf nf[k &mZoHay;cJo h nf? OD;zke=f um;&Siaf cgi;f aqmifaom MNDAA ud;k uef@tzGJ@udk etzwyfrsm;u 0ifa&mufwu dk cf u dk cf o Jh nf rSm (7)vwdwd wd &do S mG ;+yDjzpfaomfvnf; xdak 'owGif rwnf+idraf o;a=umif; awG@&onf? e,fjcm;apmifh wyftjzpf toGiaf jymif;xm;aom ydik pf ck sed . f ud;k uef@tzGJ@EiS fh etzt=um; qufo, G af &;t&m&dw S m0ef,x l m;ol vifpef; G &f dS 4if;.aetdrfrw f iG f vky}f uHowfjzwfccH &Jh onf? rwf qdo k rl mS rwfv(11)&ufae@wiG f vm&d;_ +rdK@ trSw(f 6)&yfuu v(27)&ufae@uvnf; avmufuidk +f rdK@wiG f vufeufuidk af jymufusm;(7)OD;udk zrf;qD;&rdco Jh nf[k etzu a=ujim cJo h nf? ud;k uef@a'otwGi;f jzpfay:aeaom AH;k uGrJ /_ ypfcwfr/_ ponf@ t=urf;zufwu dk cf u dk rf r_ sm;udk jyKvkyaf eol rsm;rSm w&kwjf refrm e,fpyfwav#mufwiG f tajcjyKv_y&f mS ;aejcif;jzpfI azmfxw k zf rf;qD;ay;&ef w&kwEf idk if u H dk etzu tultnDawmif;cHxm;a=umif; od&&dS onf? h yk if ef;aumfrwDOuUX wdik ;f rSL; Adv k f ta&S@awmifwidk ;f ppfXmecsKyfe,fajr toGiu f ;l ajymif;a&; wdik ;f tqifv csKyfoufEidk 0f if; uvnf; rGejf ynfopfygwD 'kOuUX acgi;f aqmifaom ud, k pf m;vS,t f zGJ@udk rwfv(16) &ufae@wiG f ac:,lawG@qcHk +Jh yD; e,fjcm;apmifw h yfEiS fh a&G;aumufy0GJ ifygww D &yf zGJ@pnf;&ef zdtm;ay;cJo h nf? aemufq;Hk oabm xm;ay;&ef hJ nf? rwfvaemufq;Hk ywftwGi;f jyKvkycf o Jh nf@ rGejf ynfopfygw. D A[dak umfrwD xm;ay;&efvnf; awmif;qdcJkco &;jy\ \emrsm;udk r=um tpnf;ta0;u e,fjcm;apmifw h yftjzpf toGiaf jymif;&ef vHk;0 vufrcHEidk af =umif;/ Edik if aH &;jy cifay:ayguv f mrnf@ tpd;k &ESifh qufvufaqG;aEG;oGm;rnf[k qH;k jzwfcaJh =umif; od&&dS onf? typf&yftzGJ@wcsKd @u etz. zdtm;ay;r_rsm;udk ckcq H ef@usiaf e=upOf e,fjcm;apmifw h yftjzpf toGif ajymif;cJo h nf@ u&ifeDvl vrl sKd ;aygi;f pHjk ynfol@vw G af jrmufa&;wyfO;D (uvvw) url “u&ifev D rl sdK;aygi;f pHk jynfol@ vGwaf jrmufa&;ygw”D trnfjzifh a&G;aumufyYGJ yg0if,OS +f ydKifrnf[k twGi;f a&;rSL;jzpfol OD;a&$0g u rwfv(23) &ufae@wiG f xkwaf z:ajymqdck Jhonf? etzu typf&yftzG tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;ESifh Edik if aH &;ygwrD sm;udk tjyif;txef zdtm;ay;r_rsm; jyKvkyaecs faecsed w f iG f KNU ESifh KNPP, SSA (awmifyidk ;f ) wdk@uo Jh dk@ qufvufwu dk yf 0GJ ifaeonf@ vufeufuidk t f zGJ@tpnf;rsm; udk ydrk t dk &deS jf rSifh xd;k ppfqifwu dk cf u dk v f ma=umif; awG@&&dS onf? u&ifjynfe,f awmificl &dkiYf trSw(f 7) ppfqifa&; uGyu f rJ X_ mecsKyf(pucf iG f puc(8) vufatmufcw H yfrsm;u u&ifaus;&Gmrsm;ES puc-7)/ anmifav;yifc&dik w ;ESifh O,smOf+cHajrrsm;udk ajrvSerf ;D &d_@zsuq f ;D r_rsm; jyKvkyv f #u&f o dS nf? u&ifjynforl sm;tay: etzppftpd;k &u &ef &eo f l ozG,f wdu k cf u dk af er_rsm;ud[ef k[ef@wm;ay;&ef KNUu u uk k or*~taxGaxGtwGi;f a&;rSL;csKyfxH arwWm&yfco H nf@ uv a=ujimcsuw f apmifudk rwfv(4)&ufae@wiG f xkwjf yefco Jh nf? jr0wD+rdK@ awmifbuf&dS KNU wyfr[m(6) vuf atmufcH wyf&if;(201)ESifh (101)yl;aygi;f wyfzGJ@rsm;udk etzwyfEiS fh DKBA wyf&if;(901)/ (906) yl;aygi;f wyf rsm;u rwfv(30)&ufae@wiG f 0ifa&mufwu dk cf u dk cf o Jh jzifh wdu k yf rGJ sm; jyif;xefpmG jzpfymG ;cJo h nf? rwfv(13)&ufae@uvnf; SSA (awmifyidk ;f ) wyfzGJ@rsm;ESifh etz cr&(525) ESifh cr&(99) yl;aygi;f wyfzGJ@wdk@ &Sr;f jynfawmifyidk ;f erf@pef+rdK@e,f 0rfah usmif;vdKG ifcef;&GmteD;wGif wdu k yf jGJ zpfymG ;cJ&h m etzwyfrS Adv k }f uD; wifatmifr;dk tygt0if (20)OD; usq;Hk / (8)OD;'%f&m&&do S mG ;cJ+h yD; vufeufc, J rf;rsm;udyk g odr;f qnf;&rdco Jh nf? etzppftpd;k &u xk k jf yefco Jh nf@ a&G;aumufyq GJ ikd &f m Edik if aH &;yg Hk ifjcif; Oya'onf w&m; xw &;ygwrD sm;rSwyf w r#wr_r&do S jzifh tjyif;txef uef@uu G &f H_@csa=umif; wdik ;f &if;om;vufeufuidk t f iftm;pkrsm;jzifh zGJ@pnf;xm;onf@ trsdK;om;'Dru dk a&pDwyfaygi;f pk (NDF) u rwfv(13)&ufae@ &ufpjGJ zifh a=ujimcs f apmifxw k jf yefco Jh nf? a=ujimcsuw vlxak cgi;f aqmifEiS fh wdik ;f &if;om;acgi;f aqmifrsm; yg0ifciG rfh &daS om etz. tqdyk gOya'udk Edik if w H umESifh jynfol w&yfv;Hk u qef@usiw f u dk zf su=f u&ef KNU tzGJ@uvnf; rwfv(16)&ufae@wiG f a=ujimcsuw f apmif xkwjf yef wdu k w f eG ;f cJo h nf? PDC News Commentary - April, 2010

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ygwD ygwDrw S yf rHk wif&efEiS fh etz. 2010 a&G;aumufyrGJ 0if&ef NLD . qH;k jzwfcsuu f v dk nf; KNU, SSA(awmif (awmifyidk ;f )/ NDF ESifh ENC wdk@u }udKqdak xmufcaH =umif; a=ujimcs a=ujimcsurf sm; toD;oD;xkwjf yefc=Jh u onf? &ckid jf ynfvw G af jrmufa&;ygwD (ALP) uvnf; etz. 2010 a&G;aumufyu GJ dk vH;k 0qef 0qef@usiaf =umif; rwfv(10)&ufae@ &ufpjGJ zifh xkwjf yefa=ujimcJo h nf? etzuvnf; typf&yftzGJ@/ vufeufcstzGJ@rsm; e,fjcm;apmifw h yftjzpf toGiaf jymif;r_tcef;tem; rsm;udk wcef;wem; usi;f yjyKvkyaf y;+yD; jynfwiG ;f jynfyudk 0g'jzef@Eidk &f ef }udK;pm;v#u&f o dS nf? vm;[l jynfol o@l ppf tzGJ@udk e,fjcm;apmifw h yf&if;tjzpf toGiaf jymif;onf@tcef;tem;w&yfudk rwfv(30)&ufae@wiG f usi;f yjyKvkyf cJ+h yD; xdt k cef;tem;odk@ p&ct&m&dcS sKyf&jJ rifEh iS fh upxrSL; 'kAv dk cf sKyf}uD;rif;atmifvid_ f wdk@u, dk w f idk f wufa&mufjy cJo h nf? etztaejzifh typf&yftzGzGJ@rsm;udk e,fjcm;apmifw h yf odk@r[kwf jynfol@ppfwyfzGJ@rsm;tjzpf toGiaf jymif; zGJ@pnf;+yD; 2010 a&G;aumufyGJrwdik rf D 4if;wdk@. uGyu f rJ a_ tmufodk@ t+yD;tydik af &muf&adS p&ef pDrcH sucf sI tjyif; txef }udK;yrf;aqmif&u G v f #u&f adS omfvnf; tiftm;}uD;typf&yftzGJ@rsm;u r[mrdwzf GJ@+yD; wif;cH&yfwnfae=u ojzifh a&S@rwd;k om aemufrqkwo f m tajctaersm;ESifh &ifqidk af e&onf? w&kwEf idk if u H =um;0ifaphpyfay;ae aomfvnf; etzESifh typf&yftzGJ@rsm;. awmif;qdck surf sm;rSm wzufEiS w fh zuf tvSr;f a0;vGe;f aeojzifh awG@qHk aqG;aEG;r_rsm; ratmifjrif dk ;dk yGm;vmaeonf? ESpzf ufv;Hk taejzifh jyefvnf rifbJ wif;rmr_rsm;om wae@wjcm; ydrk w ppfwu dk &f ef rvdv k m;=uaomfvnf; wzufEiS w fh zuf oH;k oyfwu G cf surf _ rSm;oGm;v#if jynfwiG ;f ppf}uD; jyefvnf jzpfymG ;vmEdik o f nf@ tEW&,f&adS eonf? ppftpd;k &taejzifh jynfwiG ;f 'Dru dk a&pD D iftm;pkrsm;/ typf&yftzGJ@rsm;ESifh vufeufuidk w f u dk cf u dk af e a&pt onf@tzGJ@rsm; eD;pyfaygi;f pnf;oGm;rnfudk pd;k &dro f jzifh KNU udk }udKwifO;D csKd ;xm;&ef xd;k ppft&deS u f dk jrSiw fh ifae onf[k ,lqygonf? etztaejzifh twGi;f tjyif bufaygi;f pHt k EW&,fEiS fh &ifqidk af e&csed wG fwiG f typf&yftzGJ@rsm;udk m;jyI I xdr;f csKyfxm;+yD; tiftm; w+ydKifwnf; ppfrsuEf mS zGiw fh u dk cf u dk Of ;D rnfr[kwaf omfvnf; 0 tzGJ@udk ppftiftm;jy enf;tzGJ@rsm;/ e,fajrt& oD;jcm;pDjzpfaeaom tzGJ@rsm;udrk l ta=umif;trsdK;rsKd ;jyum pwifwu dk cf u dk Ef idk o f nf[k oH;k oyfygonf? txl;ojzifh rl;,pfaq;0g;udk ta=umif;jyIaomf ;jyIaomfvnf;aumif;/ tzGJ@twGi;f rwnfr+idrjf zpfatmif k f zefw;D Ivnf;aumif;/ typf&yfvufeufuidk t f zGJ@tpnf;csi;f jy\ jy\emjzpfatmif zefw;D Iaomfvnf;aumif; wdu cdu k Ef idk o f nf[k oH;k oyfygonf?

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(500)cef@u vkyt f m;cwd;k jrSiafh y;&ef qENjycJ=h uonf? rwfv(16)&ufae@wiG f a&$ a&$jynfom+rdK@e,f pufr_rZ_ (Hk 2)&d 2)&dS =umZHpuf puf&rHk S tvkyo f rm;(100)aus f m;cwd;k jrSiafh y;a&;twGuf a&$jynfom+rdK@e,f tvkyo f rm; rm;(100)ausmu f vnf; vkyt OD;pD;Xme&H;k odk@ oGm;a&mufta&;qdk qENjyawmif;qdck o Jh nf? tvkyo f rm;qENjyr_rsm;rSwqifh Edik if aH &;vky&f mS ;r_ rsm;tjzpf ul;pufus,jf yef@omG ;rnfudk etzppftpd;k &upd f rm;rsm;.awmif;qdck surf sm;udk vdu k f &upd;k &dr+f yD; tvkyo av#may;&ef tvky&f iS rf sm;udzk t d m;ay;cJo h jzifh qENjyyGrs Jrsm;rSm &ufyidk ;f twGi;f atmifjrifpmG +yD;qH;k oGm;cJo h nf? dk pf m;jyKaumfrwD (CRPP) u tpnf;ta0;jyKvkycf +Jh yD; rwfv(5)&ufae@wiG f jynfol@vw $ af wmfu, vwfwavmjzpf f rm;qENjyr_rsm;/ ajrjrSyrf idk ;f qef@usiaf &;udprP sm;/ jynfwiG ;f ppf us,u f s,jf yef@ avmjzpfay:aeaom tvkyo jyef@ jzpfymG ;vmEdik o f nf@upd rP sm;/ ppftpd;k &u Edik if yH idk f puf&/Hk tvky&f rHk sm;udk yk*v ~ u d ydik f jyKvkyaf eonf@upd rP sm;udk aqG;aEG;cJ=h uonf? jynfytajcpdu k f jynfol o@l vw $ af wmfu, dk pf m;vS,rf sm;tzGJ@ MPU url =um;jzwftpd;k &w&yf zGJ@pnf;&ef CRPP rwfv(14)&ufae@wiG f wdu k w f eG ;f awmif;qdck o Jh nf? tzGJ@csKyf 'kOuUX OD;wifO;D ESifh A[dt k vkyt f r_aqmiftzGJ@0if OD;Om%f0if;wdk@udk jrefrmEdik if q H idk &f m awmifudk &D;,m; oHt&m&dES iS fh jyif jyifopfot H &m&dw S kd@u rwfv(24)&ufae@wiG f tzGJ@csKyf&;Hk Yvma&mufawG@qcHk =Jh u+yD; vuf&dS jrefrmhEidk if aH &;tajctaersm;ESifh tzGJ@csKyf.&yfwnfcsurf sm;udk ar;jref;cJ=h uonf? rwfv(12)&ufae@wiG f usa&mufco Jh nf@ Adv k cf sKyf}uD;a[mif; ol&OD;wifO;D . (83)ESpaf jrmuf arG;ae@ ae@EiS fh OD;0if;wif. touf(80)jynf@ arG;ae@udk NLD &H;k csKyfY usi;f yjyKvkycf &Jh m tzGJ@csKyfvil ,frsm;u *g&0 jyK uefawmhc=Jh uonf? OD;wifO;D ESifh OD;0if;wifu vli,frsm;udk nDn! D w G ! f w G f wufwufºuGºuGEiS fh vufwGJ wdu k f yG0J if=u&ef wdu k w f eG ;f cJo h nf? q&m}uD; OD;0if;wif a&;om;cJhonf@ “bmvJ[Jh vl@i&J” trnf&dS axmifwiG ;f tawG@ t}uHKaqmif;yg;rsm;udk 'DAb GD u D q&m}u;D .arG;ae@udk *k%jf yKonf@taejzifh xdak e@wiG f xkwaf 0jzef@cscD o Jh nf? l ,form;ae@wiG f &efuek f vlxv k yk &f mS ;r_rsm;taejzifh rwfv(2)&ufae@wiG f usa&mufonf@ awmifov wdik ;f c&rf;+rdK@e,frS pmacsmuf&yk f awmifov l ,form;b0 umuG,af pmifah &Smufa&;tzGJ@u OD;pD;+yD; txdr;f trSwf GJ dk a0befuef@uu G f tcrf;tem;w&yf usi;f yjyKvkycf o Jh nf? etz. 2008 tajccHOya'ESifh 2010 a&G;aumufyu onf@ vufurf;pmapmifrsm;udv k nf; &efuek +f rdK@vpl nfum;&mae&mrsm;wGif rwfvwwd,ywftwGi;f jzef@a0cJh =uonf? rEWav;+rdK@ ae&mtESH@tjym;wGiv f nf; Free qdo k nf@ pmwef;rsm;udk eH&rH sm;wGif aq;eDrsm;jzifh a&;om; dk yf 0GJ if&efE;d_ aqmfpmrsm; jzef@a0onf@vy_ f onf@vy_ &f mS ;r_EiS fh tzGJ@csKyf. a&$*w Hk idk af =unmpmwrf;twdik ;f 0ef;&Hwu &Sm;r_ ;r_rsm;udk rwfvaemufq;Hk ywftwGi;f jyKvkycf =Jh uonf? 88 rsKd ;qufausmif;om;rsm;tzGJ@/ jrefrmEdik if v H ;Hk qdik &f m oHCmhwyfaygi;f pkEiS fh ArmEdik if v H ;Hk qdik &f m ausmif; om;rsm;or*~tzGJ@csKyf wdk@uvnf; etz. w&m;enf;vrf;rusaom a&G;aumufyOGJ ya'rsm;a=umifh ukvor*~ vH+cKH k+cKHa&;aumifpw D iG f jrefrmhta&;twGuf ta&;ay:tpnf;ta0;w&yf ac:,lusi;f yay;&ef rwfv(22)&ufae@wiG f befurD eG ;f xH pma&;awmif;qdck =Jh uonf? awmificl &dik rf S &Gmom;(470)ausmu f vnf; etz. t"rRapcdik ;f r_rsm;udk f rm;or*~tzGJ@csKyf pHpk rf;ta&;,lay;&ef jrefrmEdik if t H vkyo f rm;tzGJ@csKyf(FTUB) EiS fh aumfo;l avtvkyo (FTUK) wdk@uwqifh ILO odk@ rwfv(1)&ufae@wiG f pma&;wdik =f um;cJ=h uonf? tzGJ@csKyftaejzifh ygw&D iS o f efa&;xuf a&;xuf Edik if aH &;&Sio f efa&;udk OD;pm;ay;a&G f u dk +yD f+yD; etzESifh etz. pm;ay;a&G;cs,v 2010 a&G;aumufyu GJ dk Oya'abmiftwGi;f rS pdraf c: k yf 0GJ ifomG ;rnf[k twdtvif; a=ujimxm;+yDjzpfI tzGJ@ c: wdu csKyfEiS fh etzwdk@rmS a&S@wiG yf rdk jdk yif;xefonf@ xdyw f u dk &f ifqidk rf r_ sm; jzpfymG ;vmawmhrnf jzpfygonf? etzuvnf; R [ f k oH;oyf k;oyfygonf? txl;ojzifh tzGJ@csKyfvy_ &f mS ;r_rsm;udk rsuaf jcrjywfapmif=h unf@+yD; tjywfzEd ySd f acsre_ ;f vdrn tzGJ@csKyfygw0D ifrsm;ESifh jynfy w&m;r0iftoif;tzGJ@rsm;. qufo, G rf u _ adk pmif=h unf@&ef &JwyfzGJ@tm; !$e=f um; aejzif jzifh wdus csuf xkwjf yefxm;ygonf? tzGJ@csKyfacgi;f aqmifrsm;udk wOD;+yD;wOD; zrf;qD;rxdr;f odr;f rD tzGJ@csKyftae onf@vrf;!$erf 0l g'w&yf S af y;xm;+yD; wAdkvu f swAdv k w f uf OD;aqmif ;aqmifEidk rf nf@ zGJ@pnf;yHrk sKd ; jyifqif w&yfudk }udKwifcsrw xm;&ef vdt k yfvrd n R jf zpfygonf? jynfov l x l w k &yfv;Hk ESiw fh uG jynfwiG ;f jynfy twdu k t f cHtiftm;pkrsm; tae jzifh tzGJ@csKyf.v_y&f mS ;r_rsm;udk 0ef;&Htm;jznf@ay;=u&ef txl;vdt k yfygonf? a':atmifqef;pk=unf/ OD;wifO;D ESifh OD;0if;wifwdk@. touftEW&,ftwGuvnf fvnf; txl;pd;k &dr&f onf@tajctaeodk@ a&muf&v dS mae+yD[k [k oH;k oyfyg onf? PDC News Commentary - April, 2010

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ppppf t f tppd k ;d k ;&&EES iS if h jf h jyyn nf w f wG iG if ;f ;t taajjcct taaee ppppt ft Gu f pp;kd ;kd &&t tzz@JG t @JG tw wiG iG ;f ;f v vy_ y_ &f &f mS mS ;;aaq qmmii&f &f u G rf rf r_ r_ smsm;; t taajjcct taaee rwfv(8)&ufae@rpS +yD; etzppf dk x f w k jf yefco Jh nf@ a&G;cs,w f ifajrmufyq GJ idk &f mOya' etzppftpd;k &u qufwu rsm;onf a':atmifqef;pk=unfEiS w fh uG trsKd ;om;'Dru dk a&pDtzGJ@csKyftygt0if 1990 a&G;aumufyt GJ Edik &f Edik if H a&;ygwrD sm;udk qkypf ;l pm;&l; tajctaeodk@ a&muf&adS tmif pepfwus &nf&, G af &;qGJ xkwjf yef yecf jJh cif;jzpfonf? tzGJ@ csKyfudk ab;uswef u H swjf zpfap+yD; ESpzf GJ@uo GJ mG ;ap&ef odk@r[kwf ygwx D rJ S a':atmifqef;pk=unfudk xkwyf ,fypf ap&efEiS fh etz. 2008 zGJ@pnf;yHt k ajccHOya'udk tvdt k av#muf vufcv H map&ef/ cs+D yD;wkw+f yD; a&;qGcJ jJh cif;jzpf onf? odk@aomf tzGJ@csKyf. rwfv(29)&ufae@ qH;k jzwfcsuo f nf etz. jzpfapcsio f nf@vrf;a=umif;xJodk@ r0ifyJ vGaJ csmo f mG ;cJ honf[k ,lqygonf? tusKd ;quftjzpf tzGJ@csKyfEiS fh 1990 a&G;aumufyt GJ Edik &f Edik if aH &;ygwt D rsm;pk ;cJonf v'f'frmS Edik if w H umrS vufcEH idk o f nf@ u a&G;aumufyu GJ dk oydwaf rSmufc=Jh uojzifh etz. 2010 a&G;aumufy&GJ v tajctaeodk@ rnfodk@r# a&muf&v dS mEdik af wmhrnfr[kw[ f k oH;k oyfygonf? f rd n R rf [kwo f nf@tjyif etz etzu t"duvdck siaf eonf@ Edik if w H um.todtrSwjf yKr_rsdK;udk &&dES idk v bufu wav#mufv;Hk umuG,&f yfwnfay;aeonf@ Edik if rH sm;onfyifv#if 2010 f mrnf@ 2010 a&G;aumufyrGJ S ay:xGuv &v'fudk w&m;0ifaxmufc&H ef vufweG f@ae=uvdrn R [ f k ,lqygonf? a':atmifqef;pk=unfEiS fh olr. ygwt D ay: yk*K~d vfa&;t+idK;taw; }uD;rm;vGe;f onf@ Adv k cf sKyfrLS ;}uD;oef;a&$EiS fh aemufvu dk pf pfAv dk cf sKyfwpk. yuwd&yk o f iG u f dk vnf; jynfwiG ;f jynf jynfyrSomru etzwyfwiG ;f uyg xifxif&S&mS ;&Sm; jrif jrifawG@c&Jh ojzifh jynfwiG ;f jynfyrS xda&muf onf@zdtm;rsm; ydrk adk y;Edik v f #if etzacgi;f aqmifyidk ;f twGi;f rSmyif pdwo f abmxm;uGv J rGJ r_ sm;ESifh tm;+ydKifrr_ sm; ay:ayguv f mEdik o f nf[k ,lqygonf? etzxdyyf idk ;f acgi;f aqmifrsm;twG ;twGi;f Yvnf; ae&mcGaJ 0r_/ tm%mcGaJ 0r_rsm;ESiyfh wfoufI }uD;rm;onf@ tuswt f wnf;rsm; &daS eEdik yf gonf? t&G,v f eG af e+yDjzpfonf@ Adv k cf sKyfrLS ;}uD;oef;a&$ tygt0if 'kw, d Adv k cf sKyfrLS ; }uD;armifat;/ Adv k cf sKyf}uD;oD[ol& wifatmifjrifODhO;D / Adv k cf sKyf}uD;ol&a&$ref;ESifh Adv k cf sKyf}uD;ode;f pdef wdk@. tem *gwrf mS vnf; ,Q ,KQ tcsed txd ftxd &Si;f &Si;f vif;vif;r&daS o;bJ jzpfaeonfudk awG@&ygonf? etzppfAv dk cf sKyf}uD;rsm;rSm GJ eG u f mv. tjrifq h ;Hk &mxl;rsm;jzpfonf@ orRw/ rnforl # tm%mvufvw $ &f rJ nfr[kwo f jzifh a&G;aumufyv umuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyf/ 'k'o k rRw/ 'kw, d umuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyf/ ponf@&mxl;rsm;udk cGaJ 0&,l=urnfqv# dkv#iv f nf; tvGe&f yk q f ;dk +yD; Edik if w H umu vuf!;d_ 0dik ;f xd;k =urnf@ zGJ@pnf;yHrk sKd ;w&yfuo dk m &&dES idk rf nfjzpfonf? Adv k cf sKyfrLS ;}uD;oef;a&$. (65) 65)ESpaf jrmuf wyfrawmfae@(zufqpfawmfveS af &;ae@) rdef@ceG ;f wGif wyfrawmf taejzifh tajctaetcsed t f cgt& vdt k yfonf@tcg Edik if aH &;e,fy,fodk@ ajymif;a&$@wm0efxrf;aqmif&onf@ tpOftvmrsm;&daS =umif; xnf@oiG ;f ajym=um;oGm;cJo h jzifh 4if;ud, k w f idk f orRw}uD; vky/f rvkyf apmif=h unf@&rnf jzpfonf? ppftyk pf u k dk ud, k pf m;jyKrnf Hk ifjcif; rjyKao;aomfvnf; }uH@zGH@toif;}uD;udk m;jyKrnf@ Edik if aH &;ygwrD sm; rSwyf w “trsKd ;om;zGH@+zdK;wd;k wufa&;ygw”D tjzpf cGx J w k toG ftoGiaf jymif;+yD; Edik if a&;yg Ha&;ygwt D jzpf rSwyf w Hk ifawmhrnfqo dk nf@ owif;rsm;/ }uH@zGH@toif;}uD;.OuUXtjzpf Adv k csfcsKyf}uD;ode;f pdeu f qufvufxrf xrf;aqmifrnfqo dk nf@owif;rsm; vnf; us,u f s,jf yef@jyef@ ay:xGuv f #u&f o dS nf? ppftpd;k &u a&G;aumufyu GJ si;f yrnf@ &ufpt GJ wdtusudk xkwjf yefa=ujimjcif;rjyKao;aomfvnf; jynf k cf sKyf}uD; oD[ol& wifatmifjrifODO;D ud, k w f idk f axmifpak &G;aumufyaGJ umfr&Siu f dk rwfv (11)&ufae@&ufpjGJ zifh Adv vufrw S af &;xd;k +yD; xkwjf yefa=ujimcJo h nf? tzGJ@0if (17)OD;yg tqdyk gaumfr&Siu f dk ppfOya'csKyfa[mif; Adv k cf sKyf ode;f pd;k (=unf;§12742) (OTS-47) rS OuUXtjzpf acgi;f aqmifa=umif; awG@&&dS onf? Adv k cf sKyfoed ;f pd;k rSm 2008 ( zGJ@pnf;yHt k ajccHOya'(rl=urf f iG v f nf; tzGJ@0iftjzpf yg0ifxrf;aqmifco Jh nf? tqdyk g aumfr urf;) a&;qGaJ &;aumfr&Siw &Siu f dk ppftpd;k &. w&m;ol}uD;a[mif;rsm;/ Oya'tusKd ;aqmifrsm;/ vkyif ef;ppfaq;a&;tzGJ@0ifrsm;/ trsKd ;orD;a&; &mtzGJ@csKyf OuUXa[mif;rsm;/ r[mAsL[mESifh Edik if w H umavhvma&;XmerS 0ef 0efxrf;a[mif;rsm;/ tajccHOya'a&;qGJ a&;aumfr&Siw f iG f yg0ifco Jh rl sm;ESifh zGJ@pnf;xm;jcif;jzpfojzifh rnfodk@r# w&m;r#wr_r&dES idk af =umif; awG@&&dS onf? vuf&w dS m0efxrf;aqmifaeqJ 0ef}uD;tzGJ@0ifrsm;ESifh ppfbuft&m&d}S uD;rsm;jzpf=uonf@ OD;atmifaomif; udk rauG;wd f idk ;f / Adv k rf LS ;csKyf atmifoed ;f vif; udk &efuek w f idk ;f / 'kw, d Adv k cf sKyf}uD;pd;k ode;f widk ;f / OD;pd;k om udk &efuek w PDC News Commentary - April, 2010

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udk &efuek w f idk ;f / Adv k cf sKyfoed ;f aqG udk &ckid jf ynfe,f/ Adv k rf LS ;csKyfveG ;f oD udk &efuek w f idk ;f / Adv k rf LS ;csKyfp;dk Edik f udk {&m 0wDwidk ;f / AdAv dk cf sKyfwifxËG f udk {&m0wDwidk ;f / Adv k rf LS ;csKyftek ;f jrif(1)ud k rf LS ;csKyftek ;f jrif(h 2)udk {&m (1) h(1)udk {&m0wDwidk ;f / Adv 0wDwidk ;f / Adv k cf sKyfo&l at;jrifh udk {&m0wDwidk ;f / Adv k rf LS ;csKyfoed ;f atmif udk {&m0wDwidk ;f / Adv k cf sKyfvx S eG ;f udk rauG;wdik ;f / Adv k rf LS ;csKyfoed ;f aZmf udk ucsijf ynfe,f/ Adv k rf LS ;csKyfausmq f ef; udk ppfuidk ;f wdik ;f ponfjzifh a&G;aumuf yG0J if&ef a&G;cs,x f m;a=umif; owif;rsm;vnf; ay:xGuv f #u&f o dS nf? Adv k cf sKyfaX;OD; ESifh Adv k rf LS ;csKyfarmifarmifoed ;f / Adv k rf LS ;csKyfwifEidk o f ed ;f / Adv k rf LS ;csKyfcifarmifjrif/h Adv k cf sKyf armifO;D wdk@uvnf; a&G;aumufy0GJ ifrnfjzpf+yD; &JcsKyf Adv k rf LS ;csKyfcif&ED iS fh 'k&cJ sKyf Adv k rf LS ;csKyfbek ;f aqG wdk@u &JwyfzGJ@ t}uD;tuJrsm;tjzpf qufvufwm0ef,o l mG ;rnf[k owif;rsm;ay:xGuv f #u&f o dS nf? tjcm;wdik ;f ESijfh ynfe,frsm;wGiv f nf; vuf&w dS m0efxrf;qJ ppfbufe,fbuf wyfrawmft&m&d}S uD;rsm; tjyif wyfrawmfrS t+idr;f pm;,lxm;aom wdik ;f &if;om;t&m&d}S uD;rsm;/ etzESiefh ;D pyfonf@ pD;yGm;a&;vkyif ef;&Sif }uD;rsm;udv k nf; a&G;aumufy0GJ if=u&ef wm0efay;xm;a=umif; od&&dS onf? u&ifjynfe,f vdi_ ;f bGJ@+rdrKd @e,fwiG f Adv k f rSL;}uD;a[mif; apmcifp;dk / bm;tH+rdK@e,fwiG f Adv k rf LS ;}uD;a[mif; OD;cif=uL; wdk@ rJq, G pf nf;&H;k a&; pwifae=ua=umif; owif;&&do S nf? etzAdv k cf sKyfrsm;ESiefh ;D pyfaom pD;yGm;a&;vkyif ef;&Si}f uD;rsm;uvnf; Edik if aH &;ygwrD sm;zGJ@pnf;+yD; a&G;aumufy0GJ ifEidk af &;twGuf toif;.zGJ@pnf;yHk pnf;rsO;f pnf;urf;rsm;udk jyifqifajymif;vJv#u&f o dS nf? jrefrm Edik if [ H w dk ,fvyk if ef;&Sirf sm;toif;. toif;zGJ@pnf;yHk pnf;rsO;f tyd'k f 2(i) wGiyf g&adS om ygwED idk if aH &;tzGJ@tpnf; wGif yg0ifjcif;r&daS p& qdo k nf@pmom;udk y,fzsuv f u dk +f yD[k toif;OuUX aZurBmukr% ` yD idk &f iS f a'guw f mcifa&$ u rwfv(23)&ufae@wif ajymqdck o Jh nf? }uH@zGH@toif;OuUXtjzpf qufvufwm0ef,+l yD; arG;Zmwdjzpfaom Aef;armfrq J ENe,frS a&G;aumufcrH nf [k owif;rsm;ay:xGuaf eonf@ vuf&dS etz0ef}uD;csKyf Adv k cf sKyf}uD;ode;f pderSfrmS vnf; a&G;aumufyq GJ idk &f mOya' xkwjf yefa=ujim+yD; aemufae@rpS I &Sr;f jynfajrmufyidk ;f / &cdik jf ynfe,fEiS fh ucsijf ynf e,frsm;udk c&D;vSnf@vnfum }uH@zGH@ygwt D wGuf rJq, G pf nf;&H;k r_rsm; jyKvkycf aJh =umif; awG@&&dS onf? rwfv(9)&ufae@wiG f &Sr;f jynfc&D;pOf/ rwfv (17)&uf (17)&ufae@wiG f &cdik jf ynfe,fc&D;pOf/ rwfv(31)&ufae@wiG f ucsijf ynfe,fc&D;pOfrsm;udk oGm;a&mufco Jh nf? pufr_ (1)0ef}uD; OD;atmifaomif; tygt0if 0ef}uD;wcsKd @uvnf; oufqidk &f me,fajrtvdu k f rJq, G pf nf;&H;k a&;qif;ae wf Ed0k ifbmvqef;wGif usi;f yjyKvky&f ef tpDtpOf =uonf? a&G;aumufyu GJ dk atmufwb dk maemufq;Hk ywf odk@r[kwf &daS =umif;vnf; od&&dS onf? a&G;aumufyrGJ wdik rf SD Edik if yH idk f pD;yGm;a&;t&if;tjrpftm;vH;k udk ppfwyfyidk f OD;ydik v f rd w d ufEiS fh etzAdv k cf sKyf H wckwnf;aomEd H um rsm;ESiefh ;D pyfonf@ pD;yGm;a&;vkyif ef;&Sirf sm;udk v$aJ jymif;ay;tyfv#u&f &dS m jrefrmEdik if . aomEdik if w oabFmvdik ;f jzpfonf@ jrefrmh=u,fig;yGio Jh nf? fh abFmvdik ;f udk OD;ydik f odk@ v$aJ jymif;ay;tyfco ppftpd;k &u Edik if w H umESifh tmqD,EH idk if rH sm;. axmufcrH u _ dk &&daS p&eftwGuv f nf; }udK;pm;aqmif&u G f v#u&f o dS nf? rwfv(15)&ufae@wiG f jref H dk@ tvnftywfa&muf&v dS maom xdik ;f bk&ifo h rD;awmf r[m jrefrmEdik if o csuu f &Do&D 'd u Hk dk Adv k cf sKyfrLS ;}uD;oef;a&$/ 'kw, d Adv k cf sKyfrLS ;}uD;armifat;/ Adv k cf sKyf}uD;ol&a&$ref;/ 0ef}uD;csKyf Adv k f csKyf}uD;ode;f pdef ESifh twGi;f a&;rSL;(1) Adv k cf sKyf}uD; oD[ol&wifatmif tmifjrifO;D wdk@u rwfv(16)&ufae@wiG f aejynf awmfY awG@qjHk ycJo h nf? vuf&dS tmqD,OH uUXjzpfaom AD,uferfEidk if EH iS v fh nf; qufo, G af &;wd;k jrSio fh nf@tae jzifh ava=umif;vdik ;f xlaxmifrt _ ygt0if AD,uferfEidk if jH cm;a&;0ef}uD;udk tvnftywfzw d =f um;r_rsm; jyKvkycf Jh onf? w&k k ef ,fpyf&dS typf&yftzGJ@rsm;ESiyfh wfouf+yD; w&kwu f yg zdtm;ay; +cdr;f ajcmufvmEdik o f nf@tEW&,fudk w&w }udKwifumuG,o f nf@taejzifh tdE, Nd Edik if EH iS v fh nf; ppfa&;/ oHwrefa&;/ pD;yGm;a&;u¾wdk@wiG f ydrk edk ;D uyfpmG quf qHjy&ef ajcvSr;f jyifv#u&f o dS nf? ILO ESifh ar&dueftpd tpd;k &wd f nf; a&S@ae udzk ;dk jzL &wdk@. zdtm;ay;r_rsm; av#meh nf;usqif;vmap&eftwGuv udk axmif'%f(3)ESpf av#mah ygch pH m;cGiafh y;vdu k +f yD; rwfv(5)&ufae@wiG f o&uftusO;f axmifrS jyefvnfvw $ af y; cJo h nf? tvky=f urf;ESifh axmif'%f(3)ESpf csrw S cf aH e&aom tar&duefEidk if o H m; udn k n D aD tmifuv dk nf; rwfv (18)&ufae@wiG f jyefvw $ af y;cJo h nf? e,fjcm;apmifw h yftjzpf toGiaf jymif;vJ&ef etz. urf;vSr;f csuu f dk tiftm;}uD; typf&yftzGJ@wcsKd @u vufrcHbJ qufvufjiif;qef qeaf eojzifh typf&yftzGJ@tm;vH;k 2010 a&G;aumufyrGJ wdik rf D toGiaf jymif;&eftwGuf enf;vrf G &f ef uu§=unf;u oufqidk &f mppfwidk ;f XmecsKyfrsm;udk !$e=f um;xm;+yDjzpfI vrf;aygi;f pHjk zifh aqmif&u PDC News Commentary - April, 2010

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toGiu f ;l ajymif;a&; A[dt k qifh vkyif ef;aumfrwDOuUX p&ct&m&dcS sKyf 'kAv dk cf sKyf}uD;&JjrifEh iS fh toGiu f ;l ajymif;a&; wdik ;f tqifh vkyif ef;aumfrwDOuUXrsm;u typf&yftzGJ@acg @acgi;f aqmifrsm;udk r=umc%ac:,lawG@qu Hk m +cdr;f ajcmuf zdtm;ay;r_rsm; jyKvkyv f #u&f o dS nf? ppftpd;k &taejzifh typf&yftzGJ@rsm;tay: twGut f csuf v$rJ mS ;cJv h #iaf omf vnf;aumif;/ atmufajcwyfrsm;wGif trSm;t,Gi;f wpHw k &m&dcS v Jh #iaf omfvnf;aumif; jynfwiG ;f ppf}uD; jyef vnfjzpfay:apEdik o f nf@ tvm;tvm &daS eygonf? 2010 a&G;aumufyo GJ nf 4if;wdk@vcdk sio f nf@ypHk H jzpfrvmv#if vnf; etzupwifI jynfwiG ;f ppfudk zefw;D Edik o f nf[k ok;H oyfygonf?

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. a&G;aumufyq GJ idk &f mOya'rsm;udk vufcEH idk pf &mta=umif;r&daS =umif; 4if;ESifh tar&duefEidk if jH cm;a&;0ef}uD;Xme ajymcGi&fh yk*K~d vf P.J Crowley wdk@u rwfv(10)&ufae@wiG f ajymqdck =Jh uonf? etz. vky&f yfrsm;udk =unf@ jcif;tm;jzifh tar&dueftpd;k &. rl0g'opfonf ratmifjrifonf@oabm&daS =umif; rwfv(12)&ufae@wiG f umhwf urf;bJvf u xkwaf z:ajymqdck +Jh yD; a'owGi;f Edik if rH sm;odk@ c&D;xGuaf eaom umhwu f rf;bJvf rSm jrefrmEdik if o H dk@ oGm;a&mufvnfywf&eftwGuf etzESifh aqG;aEG;r_rsm;jyKvk dS ar&duefo&H ;Hk uvnf; xdk ;jyKvkyaf ea=umif; jrefrmEdik if &H t ae@wiG f twnfjyKajym=um;cJo h nf? etz. 2008 ckEpS f zGJ@pnf;yHt k ajccHOya'onf tajccHvl@tcGit fh a&;rsm;udk tmrcHcsuaf y;xm;onf@ zGJ@pnf;yHrk [kwaf =umif; rwfv(11)&ufae@xw k f tar&dueftpd;k &. 2009ckEpS f vl@tcGifh a&;qdik &f m tpD&ifcpH mwGif az:jyxm;onf? tar&duefEidk if aH &;avmuwGif t&deS t f 0g}uD;onf@ txufvw $ af wmftrwf(9)OD;uvnf; etzppftpd;k &udk wif;wif;uswu f swf zdtm;ay;&efEiS fh jrefrmEdik if q H idk &f m tar&dueftxl;ud, k pf m;vS,Ef iS fh rl0g'!dES id_ ;f a&;rSL; cef@tyfxm;&d&S ef/ ppftpd;k &.vufa0cH pD;yGm;a&;orm;rsm;udk Oya'jyxrf;+yD; ydrdkrakd z:xkw'f %fcwf ta&;,l&ef orRwtdb d af 'oqdik &f m a&wyf k m;rm; xH rwfv(30)&ufae@wiG f pma&;awmif;qdck =Jh uonf? tar&duef ypdzw Adv k cf sKyf Robert Willard u tar&dueftpd;k &taejzifh jrefrmEdik if q H idk &f m rl0g'tajymif;tvJ&v dS #if etz Adv k cf sKyfrsm;ESifh ppfbufqidk &f mcsi;f awG@qaHk qG;aEG;r_rsm; jyKvkyv f adk =umif; rwfv(25)ESifh (26)&ufae@rsm;wGif $ af wmfEiS fh atmufvw usi;f yjyKvkycf o Jh nf@ tar&duef txufvw $ af wmfwdk@. vufeufuidk w f yfzGJ@rsm;qdik &f m aumfrwDtpnf;ta0;wGif xkwaf z:ajymqdck o Jh nf? tar&duef ta&S@awmiftm&Sa'o 'kw, d vH+k cHKa&;wm0efcH 'kAv dk cf sKyf}uD; a0gvpf*a&qef (Wallace C. Gregson) ESifh xdik ;f Edik if q H idk &f m tar&duefot H rwf}uD;wdk@ f zGJ@uvnf; rwfv(31)&ufae@u xdik ;f jrefrme,fpyyft f eD;&dS r,fv OD;aqmifonf@ tzGJ@0if(7)OD;yg ud, k pf m;vS,t 'kuo Q nfpcef;udk vma&mufavhvmcJ+h yD; 2010 a&G;aumufyt GJ ay: 'kuo Q nfrsm;.oabmxm;udk ar;jref;pHpk rf;cJh a=umif; od&&dS onf? EU Edik if rH sm;uvnf; etz. a&G;aumufyq GJ idk &f mOya'rsm;tay: jyif;xefpmG a0bef&H_@csc=Jh uonf? Oa&myygvrD efOuUX *smZDbZl uf (Jerzy Buzek) u etzu xkwjf yefco Jh nf@Oya'rsm;onf 'Dru dk a&pDudk OD;rwnfbJ vrf;a=umif;vGaJ ea=umif;/ a':atmifqef;pk=unftygt0if Edik if aH &;tusO;f om;tm;vH;k a&G;aumufyGJ 0ifciG afh y;&ef rwfv(12)&ufae@wiG f awmif;qdck o Jh nf? jrefrmEdik if rH S 'kuo Q nfrsm;twGuf tar&duefa':vm (23) oef;ausmEf iS n fh rD #onf@ ,l&adk iG (17 @ 25)oef;udk vlom;csi;f pmemr_tultnDtjzpf ,QKESpt f wGi;f ay;tyfomG ; rnf[k tD;,l u rwfv(2)&ufae@uwnf;u a=ujimxm;cJo h nf? puif'aD e;AD;,ef; Edik if jH cm;a&;0ef}uD;rsm; u vnf; a':atmifqef;pk=unfudk jyefvw $ af y;+yD; trsdK;om;jyef ;om;jyefvnf&if=um;apha&;twGuf awG awG@qaHk qG;aEG;&ef xdak e@ wGif ppftpd tpd;k &udk awmif;qdck =Jh uonf? xdik ;f jrefrme,fpyfodk@ a&muf&adS eonf@ b,fv*f s, D EH idk if H v$waf wmftrwf (2)OD;u vnf; 2010 a&G;aumufyrGJ wdik rf D etzppftyk pf u k dk '%fcwfyw d q f dk@ta&;,lrr_ sm; wd;k jrSio fh mG ;&ef ;&ef 4if;wdk@ Jh nf? tpd;k &ESifh tD;,lwdk@udk wdu k w f eG ;f oGm;rnf[k rwfv(25)&ufae@wiG f xkwaf z:ajymqdck o xdik ;f ESijfh refrmEdik if q H idk &f m uae'got H rwf}uD; Mr. Ron Hoffmann uvnf; etzppftpd;k &. vky&f yftay: pdwyf surf ad =umif;ESifh ppftpd;k &taejzifh Edik if w H um.,H=k unfru _ dk &&d&S eftcGit fh vrf;w&yf qH;k &H;_ cJ&h a=umif; rwfv(22)&ufae@wiG f xkwaf z:ajymqdck o Jh nf? etzppfwyf. xd;k ppfa=umifh td;k tdrpf eG f@cmG xGuaf jy;ae &olrsm;udk tultnDrsm;wd;k jrSiafh y;oGm;&ef uae'gtpd;k &u rwfv(27)&ufae@uwnf;u a=ujimxm;cJo h nf? ppftpd;k &udk pD;yGm;a&;tul m;a&;tultnDrsm; trsm;qH;k ay;aeonf@ *syefEidk if u H vnf; a':atmifqef;pk=unf dk f yg0ifciG &fh o dS nf@ vGwv f yfIr#waom a&G;aumufyrGJ sm;usi;f yay;&efESEiS fh a':atmifqef;pk=unfEiS fh wjcm;yg0ifxu rnfr[kwaf =umif; *syefEidk if jH cm; olrsm; yg0ifciG rfh ay;v#if jrefrmEdik if u H dk aiGa=u;tultnDrsm; xyfrH ay;tyfawmhrnf a&;0ef}uD; uufq, k tdu k m'g (Katsuya Okada) u *syefEidk if q H idk &f mjrefrmoHtrwf}uD; OD;vSjrifu h dk rwf v(26)&ufae@wiG f qifah c:ajym=um;cJ c:ajym=um;cJo h nf? etzvky&f yftay: tmqD,EH idk if w H csKd @uvnf; a0befuef@uGucf =Jh uonf? xdik ;f txufvw $ af wmftrwf u&dik q f efc|e[ f mAef u jrefrmEdik if YH usi;f yrnf@ a&G;aumufyo GJ nf jynfwiG ;f Edik if aH &;jy\ &;jy\emrsm;udk ajyvnf atmifajz&Si;f Edik rf mS r[kwyf J [efjya&G;aumufyo GJ m jzpfvrd n R [ f k rwfv(8)&ufae@wiG f rJaqmuf+rdK@Y owif; PDC News Commentary - April, 2010 13

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axmufrsm;udk ajym=um;cJo h nf? ppftpd;k &. a&G;aumufyGJqidk &f mOya'rsm;onf vGwv f yfI w&m;r#wr_r&do S jzifh H w $ af wmftrwfrsm;tzGJ@ (AIPMC) tmqD,t H zGJ@0ifEidk if rH sm;taejzifh xdOk ya'rsm;udv k ufrcH=u&ef tmqD,v Jh nf? tmqD,aH cgi;f aqmifrsm;uvnf; a':atmifqef; u rwfv(16)&ufae@wiG f a=ujimcsuw f apmif xkwjf yefco pk=unfESEiS fh tjcm;twdu k t f cHacgi;f aqmifrsm; ryg0ifonf@ tqdyk ga&G;aumufyGyonf Jo G nf twkta,mifomjzpfvrd n R f [k xkwaf z:ajymqdck =Jh u+yD; xdkupd t P ay: rwfv(17)&ufae@wiG f reDvmYusi;f yrnf@ bufrvdu k Ef idk if rH sm;tpnf; f mwdk ta0;wGif etzEdik if jH cm;a&;0ef}uD; OD;Om%f0if;ESifh aqG;aEG;oGm;rnf[k zdvpfyidk Ef idk if jH cm;a&;0ef}uD; t,fvb &dk jrLvdk u rwfv(15)&ufae@wiG f xkwaf z:ajymqdck o Jh nf? ta&S@waD rmorRw Jose Romos-Hrta uvnf; Edb k v J f +idr;f csr;f a&;qk&iS f a':atmifqef;pk=unf vGwaf jrmufa&;awmif;qdo k nf@ pmwapmifudk ppftpd;k &xHay;ydk@&ef vufrw S af &;xd;k onf@ v_ vy_ &f mS ;r_wckudk rwfv dk w f if usi;f yjyKvkycf o Nd tpd;k &u w&m;0if xkwaf z: (4)&ufae@uwnf;u +Adwed Ef dkiif H b&ufzdk@wuUov Jh nf? tdE, ajymqdjk cif;rjyKaomfvnf; jrefrmhta&;v_y&f mS ;aeonf@ tdE, Nd ygvrD ef vGwaf wmftrwfrsm;tzGJ@ (IPFDB) u ppftpd;k &.vky&f yfudk jypfwif&H_@csc=Jh u+yD; xdOk ya'a=umifh jynfwiG ;f r+idrrf oufrr_ sm; qufvufjzpfymG ;vdrn R [ f k rwfv(17)&ufae@wiG f xkwaf z:ajymqdck =Jh uonf? a&G;aumufyrGJ 0if&ef qH;k jzwfco Jh nf@ tzGJ@csKyfuv dk nf; axmufcH a=umif; rwfv(31)&ufae@wiG f xkwaf z:ajymqdck =Jh uonf? Edb k v J f +idr;f csr;f a&;qk&ifSirf sm;ESifh Edik if w H umOya'ynm&Sirf sm;uvnf; etzusL;vGecf aJh om &mZ0wfr_ fh a&; rsm;twGuf pHpk rf;ppfaq; ta&;,lay;&ef rwfv(4)&ufae@wiG f awmif;qdck =Jh uonf? ppftpd;k &. vl@tcGit csKd ;azgurf r_ sm;tay: e,l;a,muf+rdK@ =um;emyGw J iG f xGuq f cdk =Jh uonf@ oufaocHcsurf sm;udv k nf n;f Edb k v J q f &k iS f trsdK;orD;rsm;u xdak e@wiG f befurD eG ;f xH ay;ydk@c=Jh uonf? Human Rights Watch tzGJ@uvnf; ppftpd;k &. vlom;rsm;tay:usL;vGeo f nf@&mZ0wfrE_ iS fh ppf&mZ0wfra_ jrmufonf@ vl@tcGit fh a&;csKd ;azguf ;azgufr_rr_ sm;udk pHpk rf; ppfaq;Edik af &;twguf Edik if w H umpHpk rf;ppf ppfaq;a&;tzGJ@udk tjrefzGJ@pnf;oifah =umif; rwfv(16)&ufae@wiG f ajymqdk cJ+h yD; pufrx _ yd o f ;D (8)Edik if t H pnf;ta0; (G-8) . ZGev f xdyo f ;D nDvmcHwiG f jrefrmhta&;udk xnf@oiG ;f pOf;pm; ay;&efvnf; rwfv(26)&ufae@wiG f awmif;qdck o Jh nf? tmqD,EH iS jref fhjrefrmqdik &f m yl;wGv J yk ief fief;tzGJ@ (T.F.A.B) uvnf; tmqD,v H l@tcGit fh a&;aumfr&Sif taejzifh etzu pepfwus usL;vGeaf eonf@ vl@tcGit fh a&; csKd ; azgurf r_ sm;udk vufcpH Of;pm; ta&;,lay;&ef rwfv(28)&ufae@wiG f wdu k w f eG ;f awmif;qdck o Jh nf? Edik if w H umu rnfodk@yif 0dik ;f 0ef;&H_@cs ajymqdak eapumrl &S&mS ;ESifh w&kwEf idk if w H dk@url vH;k 0 ajymqdjk cif;rjyK onf@tjyif 2010 ckEpS t f wGi;f etzppftpd;k &xH t&yfbufo;Hk c&D;onfwifav,mOfEiS fh ukew f ifav,mOfrsm; a&mif;cs&ef jyifqifaea=umif; tDwmwyfpf owif;XmeESifh Flightglobal website wdk@u az:jycJ+h yD; w&kwf Edik if u H ppfo;Hk x&yfum;rsm;udk &mESicfh sI D e,fpyfjzwfausmaf y;ydk@caJh =umif; awG@&&dS ygonf? tmqDEidk if rH sm;tygt0if Edik if w H um. tjyKoabmaqmif csO;f uyfonf@ay:vpDrsm;tay: etzppftyk f pku vH;k 0*&krpdu k f tav;rxm;a=umif; 4if;wdk@.vky&f yfrsm;u xif&mS ;pGmjyoae+yD H umtaejzifh jyoae+yDjzpf&m Edik if w rdrw d dk@. enf;AsL[mrsm;udk tv#it f jref jyefvnfo;Hk oyfae+yD[k oH;k oyfwifjytyfygonf? / End of Report /Tuesday, April 06, 2010

PDC News Commentary - April, 2010 13

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PDC Monthly News Commentary - April 2010  

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