Coordinación de la Investigación Científica
INDEX Coordination of Scientific Research Institute of Nuclear Sciences Institute of Materials Research Institute of Mathematics Institute of Astronomy Institute of Chemistry Institute of Cellular Physiology Institute of Ocean Sciences and Limnology Institute of Geography Institute of Geology Institute of Geophysics Center for Atmospheric Sciences Institute of Physics University Research Programs Institute Research in Applied Mathematics & Systems Institute of Engineering Center for Applied Sciences and Technological Development Institute of Biology Executive Secretariat of the Ecological Reserve of the Pedregal of San Angel Institute of Ecology Institute of Biomedical Research Center for Complexity Sciences Department for the Public Communication of Science and Universum
CIC ICN IIM IM IA IQ IFC ICMyL IGg IGl IGf CCA IF PU IIMAS II CCADET IB REPSA IE IIB C3 DGDC
www.cic-ctic.unam.mx www.nuclecu.unam.mx www.iim.unam.mx www.matem.unam.mx www.astroscu.unam.mx www.iquimica.unam.mx www.ifc.unam.mx www.icmyl.unam.mx www.igeograf.unam.mx www.geologia.unam.mx www.geofisica.unam.mx www.atmosfera.unam.mx www.fisica.unam.mx www.sid.unam.mx/pu.html www.iimas.unam.mx
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www.ecologia.unam.mx www.biomedicas.unam.mx www.c3.unam.mx
EARTH SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING
CHEMICAL-BIOLOGICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES
COORDINACIÓN DE LA INVESTIGACIÓN CIENTÍFICA
he substantive activities of UNAM are: training human resources, research and dissemination. Research generates basic and applied knowledge. This activity is carried out by the entities that form the Subsystems of Colleges and Schools, both in Humanities and in Scientific Research. The Coordination of Scientific Research is articulated by the work carried out by the Subsystem of Scientific Research (SIC), formed by 22 institutes and eight centers grouped in three areas of knowledge: chemical, biological and health sciences; physico-mathematical sciences; and earth and engineering sciences. It also coordinates the activities of five University Research Programs: Health Research (PUIS), Climate Change Research (PINCC), Food (PUAL), Materials Science and Engineering (PUCIM) and Environment (PUMA). In addition, it has two oceanographic ships and the ecological reserves of Chamela, Jalisco and Los Tuxtlas, Veracruz. It also coordinates the Department for the Public Communication of Science and several museums, like the Universum Science Museum and the Light Museum.
Other important services and national observatories are managed by the entities of the SIC, like the National Seismological Service, the Ocean Service, the National Astronomic Observatory and the great National Biological Collections.
The institutes and centers are home to more than 2,860 researchers and academic technicians, as well as laboratories and high technology equipment, all dedicated to develop 3,000 scientific and technological projects. On this journey we will learn about 16 institutes, two centers and the University Research Programs located in University City.
*The acronyms belong to the names in Spanish
INSTITUTO DE CIENCIAS NUCLEARES
INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR SCIENCES
It coordinates the PAUTA project (Adopt a Talent Program), to identify outstanding students throughout the country to support them in their studies and to promote the training of future scientists.
ome of the projects where the Institute of Nuclear Sciences (ICN) participates include: finding traces of bacterial life on Mars as part of NASA’s Curiosity mission, collaborating on the ALICE project within the Large Hadron Collider, the most ambitious experiment in history to understand the origin of the Universe, and searching for the origins of high-energy cosmic rays from the Pierre Auger Observatory in Argentina. Since its beginning, the Institute has developed scientific research of great quality on diverse areas of physics and chemistry. Its 66 researchers and 24 academic technicians carry out theoretic, experimental and applied research on the fundamental elements of matter and their interactions, in a wide range of scales, from elemental particles to the whole Universe. The ICN has a gamma-ray irradiator that, in addition to supporting the research, provides services to different industries, mainly in condiments and cosmetology. The institute carries out studies on the origins of life and the Universe, black holes, gravitational waves, and dark energy and matter.
The ICN participates in the Physical Sciences, Chemical Sciences and Astrophysics graduate programs, and it collaborates with the Schools of Sciences, Chemistry and Engineering in their bachelor’s degrees. Thus, it has over 200 students under the supervision of the academics from the Institute.
PHOTO: RODOLFO IVÁN CRUZ MÉNDEZ
INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN MATERIALES
INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS RESEARCH
t is the leading institution in the country dedicated to scientific and technological research on the structure, properties, transformation processes, and performance of materials. Its 62 researchers and 25 academic technicians develop –in a coordinated manner and in collaboration with the industry and other national and international academic institutions– a great number of projects at the forefront of different areas in materials science, like ceramic, metallic, superconductors, composites and nanoparticulated materials, as well as biomaterials, polymers and materials with the ability to flow (rheology).
As a result of this work, breast and bone implants have been developed, as well as industrial varnishes, high-performance polymeric compounds and materials for the absorption of contaminating gasses.
micrometric and nanometric level, through advances in techniques for the diffraction of electrons and images of ultra-high amplification (500,000 amplifications or more). The training of highly qualified human resources in materials science is of great importance for the Institute, and is carried out in collaboration with the graduate programs in Materials Science and Engineering, Chemical and Physical Sciences. The different laboratories can be visited by students and the general public through guided tours and an open house, as well as through dissemination lectures and interaction with the researchers.
The Institute has laboratories highly specialized in materials science, among them the recently created University Laboratory for Electronic Microscopy, which allows the structural and chemical study of materials, in a
PHOTO: REINHER ROLANDO PIMENTEL DOMÍNGUEZ
INSTITUTO DE MATEMÁTICAS
INSTITUTE OF MATHEMATICS
The “Sotero Prieto” library contains the most extensive collection on Mathematics in Latin America. Another leading enterprise is their book editorial, dedicated to students from high school to graduate level, among them, the Papirhos collection. The IM is also responsible for coordinating the Mathematics and Development Conacyt Network, with more than 300 members from 34 institutions. Among the science outreach society programs stands out Mathematics for Peace, funded by the Ministry of the Interior, as part of crime prevention policies in Morelos.
ifty-five researchers and 16 academic technicians work at the Institute in University City. They carry out high-quality research in algebra, logic and fundamentals; analysis and differential equations; mathematical physics; geometry; discrete mathematics; theoretical computation; mathematical modeling; probability, statistics; dynamic systems and topology. In addition to the research, education is another one of the Institute’s substantive tasks. It teaches courses in the Mathematics bachelor’s degree and in related fields, as well as in diverse graduate programs. Its researchers participate in seminars, workshops, and congresses, both in Mexico and abroad; and they serve to almost 200 fellows that, in most cases, develop their master’s and Ph.D. thesis.
The IM carries out in public places the Mathematical Festival, with playful and free activities for all ages, and the Pi Day (π) to promote mathematics in the Baccalaureate System; It also has traveling exhibitions such as Matematízate; the Mobile Museum of Mathematics, and the collection Mathematical Adventures.
INSTITUTO DE ASTRONOMÍA
INSTITUTE OF ASTRONOMY
stronomy is the oldest science studied by human kind. Founded in 1867, the National Astronomical Observatory was ascribed to UNAM in 1929, where it was made into an institute in 1967. The Institute of Astronomy (IA) has two headquarters, one in University City and another one in Ensenada, North Baja California. It manages the operation of the National Astronomy Institute in its two locations: San Pedro Martir in Baja California and in Tonanzintla, Puebla, which makes it the largest astronomic entity in Mexico and one of the largest in Latin America. In University City, 81 researchers and 62 academic technicians develop astrophysics and astronomical instrumentation through research, training of human resources and dissemination. An equivalent number of researchers, and academic technicians work in the Ensenada location. Astronomy has championed the design and development of forefront technology, like the verification camera, the Osiris and Frida spectrographs, and other instruments and lenses for the Great Telescope of the Canaries, which will allow us to observe and study a vast range of phenomena within the Solar System and into the furthest bounds of the Universe. The IA trains human resources in bachelor’s, masters and doctoral degrees, and it incorporates students into research projects.
In collaboration with the Mexican Academy of Sciences and the General Directorate for Dissemination of Science (DGDC), it carries out the annual “Night of Stars”, a massive science outreach event with the largest attendance in the country. It also organizes the “Mexico Challenge” with the DGDC, an event that has been awarded the Guinness Record on three occasions for the largest amount of people observing the moon at the same time. “Little Cosmonauts”, its itinerant project for science dissemination for children, managed to impact in two years more than 10,000 children and their parents. In addition, its guided tour program has served more than 7,000 students and the general public. “The Universe, on Fridays”, a lecture cycle for the public, welcomes more than 300 people the first Friday of the month.
INSTITUTO DE QUĂ?MICA
t has the fundamental purpose to organize and carry out research in the field of Chemistry, as well as preparing faculty and research personnel with a high standard of qualifications in order to contribute to the scientific advancement of the country.
Since its inception, the Chemistry Institute has brought support to this industry in Mexico and to related sectors through projects of technological and research development, as well as specialized services. The Institute is organized in five departments: Physical Chemistry, where research lines centered in theoretical and experimental chemistry are developed; Inorganic Chemistry, which conducts the integrated study of formation, composition, structure and chemical reactions to the elements and inorganic compounds; Natural Products, that conducts research about Mexican plants and their possible use; Organic Chemistry, whose primary purpose is to generate knowledge in organic chemistry through the synthesis of innovative compounds given their chemical structure and biological activity, and the Chemistry of Biomacromolecules, which conducts
research about plant biochemistry and the structure and physicochemical of proteins, using techniques of X-ray diffraction, nuclear magnetic resonance and calorimetry. It has two locations: one in University City with 68 researchers and 41 academic technicians, and one in the Joint Center for Sustainable Chemistry (CCIQS) with seven researchers and six academic technicians, resulting in a collaborative effort with the Autonomous University of the State of Mexico (UAEM) and UNAM. It also has one of the most complete and updated chemistry libraries in Latin America and it participates in the graduate program in Chemistry Sciences and in the doctoral program in Biomedical Sciences at UNAM. Among its most outstanding students is Dr. Mario Molina (Nobel Prize in Chemistry), who developed a theses in the Chemistry Institute under the guidance of Armando Manjarrez Moreno.
INSTITUTO DE FISIOLOGÍA CELULAR
INSTITUTE OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY
Its research lines span over 100 projects aimed at studying diseases such as Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, Chagas, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, cirrhosis, atherosclerosis and some heart diseases, as well as a great variety of processes that include the sleep cycle, sensory perception, memory and learning, cellular death and genetic regulation.
his entity is the result of a process that started in 1971, with the creation of the Experimental Biology Department within the Biology Institute and it continued with the incorporation of a group of researchers of the School of Medicine in 1973. In 1979 the Center for Cellular Physiology Research was created, through the Experimental Biology Department, and in 1985 the Institute of Cellular Physiology was approved. One of its primary objectives is the generation of original knowledge and the training of human resources in diverse areas as cellular biology, biochemistry, genetics, developmental biology, neurophysiology, neurochemistry and neuropathology, among others. Its 65 researchers, together with its 84 academic technicians, conduct research projects of national and international relevance, which are reflected on the publication of a considerable number of articles in highimpact scientific journals.
The Institute supports research through service units like molecular biology, electronic and confocal microscopy, histology and computing microscopy, the library and the Vivarium. All of which are equipped with a firstclass infrastructure. In addition, the Institute is home to the UNAM Microarray Unit and the National Laboratory for Channelopathies. Cellular Physiology participates in the graduate programs in Biomedical, Biochemistry and in Biological Sciences. It also participates in scientific promotion activities, like Summers of Science, Youth towards Research, and the Experimenta program, aimed at high school students.
PHOTO: ANDRÉS KAMAID TOTH
INSTITUTO DE CIENCAS DEL MAR Y LIMNOLOGÍA
INSTITUTE OF OCEAN SCIENCES AND LIMNOLOGY
Its research is oriented to recognize the processes that structure and define the functionality of fresh water, coastal and oceanic ecosystems, characterized by the biodiversity in their different scales of complexity. Studies allow us to know the degrees of pollution through fossil fuels and other contaminants like heavy metals and excessive nutrients, among others. The researchers study the sediments, their origin and composition, and develop models of marine currents, the causes for marine life distribution and the active principles found in actinobacteria and the venoms of marine snails.
exico has a larger marine than land portion, which makes the study, conservation and management of this complex system essential for using it adequately. The Institute of Ocean Sciences and Limnology Institute (ICMyL) was founded in 1981 through the Center under the same name, and it cultivates five classic research areas: biological oceanography and marine ecology, physical oceanography, marine geology, aquatic chemistry, and limnology, as well as other emerging areas like climate change, biogeochemistry, and connectivity of marine ecosystems in University City, Mexico City; Mazatlan, Sinaloa; Puerto Morelos, Quintana Roo and Ciudad del Carmen, Campeche. In addition, it has the Justo Sierra and the Puma oceanographic vessels, which constitute a well-equipped and functional platform for up to date oceanographic research.
The Institute houses UNIMAR as part of the Computer Science System for Biodiversity and the Environment, which provides users with the Institute’s information about fish, sponges, echinoderms, mollusks and deep sea fauna. This database has a geoportal with geospatial, ocean and fresh water data. Their academic personnel participates actively in the training of human resources from the undergraduate degrees at UNAM and from diverse institutions in Mexico and abroad, as well as the graduate programs at UNAM, including the one in Ocean Sciences and Limnology. In order to contribute to the study of climate change, the Institute started a monitoring process that allows the registration of sea level change, temperature rise, acidification and hypoxic zone increase. The evaluation of flooding risks and changes in salinity, the effect of invading species and the blooming of toxic algae that affect the settlements in coastal zones has been considered.
FOTO: ERICK JORDÁN
INSTITUTO DE GEOGRAFĂ?A
INSTITUTE OF GEOGRAPHY
One of the most important contributions of the Institute has been the research of strategic topics for the country. Among them, one can find the ones aimed at disaster prevention, monitoring of traffic incidents, coastal erosion phenomena, carbon sequestration and climate change, as well as urban, health and sustainability development.
t is the entity with the largest and most important tradition in its field within Mexico that is dedicated to generating geographic knowledge of the territory â€“ including natural, social and economic resourcesâ€“ the dissemination of this knowledge, and its use for the solution of the challenges facing the nation on a day-today basis. Since its creation in 1943, it sets the trends in terms of science and teaching. It is composed by the departments of Economic, Physical and Social Geography, and it has a laboratory for geospatial analysis, an editorial section and a library that hosts one of the best map archives, with over 20,000 objects. Given the rapid transformations that the planet is suffering, the Institute is faced with the challenge of identifying the problems with timeliness, adjusting methods and approaches, producing pertinent results, and training the new geographers through its graduate program, by providing them with an up-to-date vision and a great analytical ability. Perhaps, its main strength lies in the qualities of geography as an interdisciplinary and integrating science, which places the Institute in a unique position within the Scientific Research Subsystem at UNAM.
The Institute has participated in the creation of natural protected areas like the Tamaulipas Mountain Range Biosphere Reserve and the Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reser ve. It also develops diagnostics, management plans and regulations at the regional, state and municipal levels on critical zones, such as the early alert system for droughts and plagues, of great agricultural importance for the Yucatan Peninsula.
INSTITUTO DE GEOLOGĂ?A
NAM incorporated the Institute in 1929. It conducts scientific research on the geological structure, the mapping of the national territory according to geological and hydro-meteorological characteristics, the registration of fossils and soils in Mexico, and the origin and preservation of nonrenewable natural resources, like water and oil, and the diagnostics of the natural dangers that represent a threat. It has laboratories that strengthen the Geography Information System (SIG), and the analysis and monitoring of pollutants in the aqueous samples.
PHOTO: JOSEP ANTON MORENO BEDMAR
In the context of climate change and as part of the Interinstitutional Climate Action Program, the GI evaluated the vulnerability of the drinking water supply sources to the Metropolitan Zone of the Valley of Mexico. The other activities are the training of human resources through the graduate programs in Earth and Biological Sciences. It is also responsible for the Geology Museum, located in the Santa Maria la Ribera neighborhood, the National Paleontology Collection at University City, and the Mixtec Tlayua Regional Museum in Puebla. It has 60 researchers and 44 academic technicians.
The study of the presence of antibiotics in aquatic systems that results from the discharge of wastewater stands out given the importance of linking their presence to the bacterial resistance to pharmaceuticals.
INSTITUTO DE GEOFĂ?SICA
INSTITUTE OF GEOPHYSICS
reated in 1945, the Geophysics Institute aims to understand the earth system and its activities include a wide range of Earth and Space sciences. It consists of five departments where 71 researchers and 72 academic technicians study and monitor Space, the Earthâ€™s magnetic fields, natural resources, telluric movements, volcanos and solar radiation. It has several observatories to support its research: cosmic and solar radiation, magnetism, sonar radar, light waveform length measurement, and the University laboratories in isotopic geochemistry, paleomagnetism, and nuclear geophysics, petrology, digital cartography and paleolimnology. It also has a unit in Michoacan, where the laboratories on natural magnetism and archaeometry have been created.
Ocean Service, and Geomagnetism Service, as well as the training of experts through its participation in the graduate programs in Marine Sciences and Limnology and Earth Sciences. The National Seismology Service collaborates with the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive NuclearTest-Ban Treaty Organization, by transmitting real-time data that allows the detection of possible nuclear tests.
It is committed to providing trustworthy and timely information for decision-making regarding geophysical and environmental phenomena that allows a rational and sustainable use of natural and energy resources for the country or that imply risks for society. The Institute manages the National Seismology Service, the National
The Institute publishes the journal Geofisica Internacional, one of the oldest publications at UNAM with half a century in existence, and it has a Geophysics Museum that hosts a valuable collection of antique measurement instruments.
INSTITUTO DE CIENCIAS DE LA ATMĂ“SFERA
t is the most important Mexican institution dedicated to the study of the atmosphere and its interactions with the ocean, the biosphere, the lithosphere and society. Research conducted at the Center integrates the physical, mathematical, chemical, biological, geographical and socioeconomic aspects of the atmosphere and the environment, which allow the development of knowledge that addresses complex problems and the proposal of solutions through atmospheric environmental sciences. It has 43 researchers and 38 academic technicians from diverse backgrounds, in addition to other scholars with different technical specialties and visiting renowned academics from Mexico and abroad. Its Department of Atmospheric Sciences carries out impact, vulnerability and climate adaptation studies in Mexico, the impact of meteorological phenomena like heat waves or droughts, ocean circulation and the oceanatmosphere interaction, urban climate and meteorology of the Valley of Mexico.
The Department of Environmental Sciences conducts air quality modeling for the Valley of Mexico, greenhouse gas emission inventories, and studies of environmental pollution, suspended particles in the air, as well as the impact of pollution on health and the environment.
The Center receives more than 157 social service students from different undergraduate and graduate science programs and from the graduate programs in Earth Sciences, Engineering, Biology, Mathematics and Geography. Currently, it has agreements with the National Meteorological System, the Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources, the National Ecology Institute, the Federal Electricity Commission, Mexican Petroleums, the National Commission on Water and with state governments and universities. Internationally, it collaborates with the Max Plank Institute of Meteorology in Germany and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, among others.
INSTITUTO DE FÍSICA
In the field of applied physics, it has a positive impact in medical physics projects, such as: the evaluation and supervision of mammography systems at the National Institute for Women and the development of nanospheres to transport radioactive nucleus and drugs to fight cancer. In multidisciplinary research, IF carries out studies on the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the effects of atmospheric pollutants on health.
ounded in 1939, the IF contributes in a notable way to the development of science in the country, thanks to the efforts of the 123 researchers and 52 academic technicians involved in close to 100 research projects. On an international level, it collaborates with the gamma-ray observatory, the study of carbon-14 for the dating of organic samples and the ALICE experiment, whose objective is to recreate the Big Bang at a microscopic level. Its contribution to basic physics are very important and include its participation on the research that led to the Higgs Boson and in the search for dark matter in the Universe. It also conducts work in complex fluids, high energy, nanoscience, and classic and quantic optics.
It collaborates with the National Anthropology and History Institute for the study of methods and materials for the conservation and restoration of the historic and archeologic patrimony of Mexico. It is noteworthy to mention its contributions to the creation of the Institute of Materials Research, the Center of Applied Sciences and Technological Development, and the Institute of Physical Sciences, among others. The Institute of Physics is, without a doubt, a beacon for science in Mexico.
PHOTO: ARNULFO MARTÍNEZ DÁVALOS Y MERCEDES RODRÍGUEZ VILLAFUERTE
UNIVERSITY RESEARCH PROGRAMS
any of the issues that affect our society cannot be understood, approached or solved in an unequivocal manner given their complexity and the variety of perspectives and repercussions they present. In order to study them and to find appropriate and organic solutions, there is a need for the interaction of several scientific and humanistic disciplines that allows the development of a joint vision that can include society itself in this effort.
At the beginning of the 80Â´s, the awareness of this reality led UNAM to create the first university program in science, conceived as small promoting and coordinating structures that depend on the Scientific Research Coordination (CIC). The University Research Programs were: Food (PUAL) in 1981, Clinical Research (PUIC) in 1981, later renamed Health Research (PUIS) in 1988, and Energy (PUE) in 1982. With time, other programs joined these efforts like the one on Spatial Research and Development (PUIDE) in 1990 and terminated in 2000, the one in Environment (PUMA) in 1991, which was transformed into the University Research Program of Strategies for Sustainability (PUES) in 2015, the one in Materials Science and Engineering (PUCIM) in 2001, and the Research Program on Climate Change (PINCC) in 2009. The objectives of these programs are to develop multidisciplinary research areas and to train human resources specialized in the subject matters that each one covers through the creation of research networks through the academic personnel appointed to the diverse institutes, centers, colleges and schools of UNAM. They all build ties with other research groups and external public and private entities, which strengthen the existing infrastructure and allow better solutions for the complex issues facing society.
INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN MATEMĂ TICAS APLICADAS Y EN SISTEMAS
INSTITUTE OF RESEARCH IN APPLIED MATHEMATICS & SYSTEMS
or 39 years, the Institute has conducted original research in applied mathematics, mathematical physics, probability and statistics, science and computing engineering and social systems. Furthermore, its academic body trains human resources through research projects and through the undergraduate and graduate programs in Mathematical Sciences, Computer Science and Engineering, and Earth Sciences and Engineering. In addition, it carries out extension education activities and dissemination of knowledge.
social systems, geophysics systems, computational architecture, self-organizing systems and the statistical analysis of phenomena, to historical studies, where modern mathematics are used to analyze the contents of 16th century codices; medical studies, to study the durability and dynamics of cardiac prosthesis and to research the propagation of epidemics; passing through robotics, allowing the Golem robot to have object, gesture and navigation recognition abilities, among others. Throughout its history, the IIMAS has been consolidated as an instance for the formation of scientific networks that collaborate in fields related to applied mathematics, and has been an essential reference in meetings and discussions of topics of national and international relevance. This scope of work is what has built its identity and what has allowed it to achieve important scientific contributions.
The Institute keeps a close relation to the public and private sectors through its many research projects, which are linked to more than 100 national and international prestigious institutions. The strategy behind the mathematics cultivated in this Institute lies on their ability to build natural communication bridges with a wide range of scientific disciplines, which derives in a research spectrum that spans from non-linear analysis, classical and quantum mechanics, tectonics,
INSTITUTO DE INGENIERĂ?A
he Institute of Engineering (II) of the National Autonomous University of Mexico, is the most productive research center for diverse areas of engineering. It is a community integrated by close to 99 researchers, 104 academic technicians, and a fluctuating population of 800 scholarship holders that carry out undergraduate and graduate theses work throughout each semester, as well as close to 150 staff members. It occupies 15 buildings in University City with an extension of 280082.76 built square feet, including laboratories, cubicles, offices, workshops, two auditoriums and common areas. In addition, it has two external units, one in Juriquilla, Queretaro, and one in Sisal, Yucatan.
In addition, it has payed special attention to the training of human resources and to disseminating the results of its research to contribute to the development of the country and to societyâ€™s well-being. As a result, some projects are financed with resources provided by UNAM, and, in a larger share, by research contracted by businesses and corporations. The Institute participates in the graduate programs in Engineering, Urban Planning and Computer Science and Technology. Because of all of the above, the prestige of the Institute of Engineering is widely acknowledged.
Since its inception, the policy of the Institute has been to carry out research guided towards general issues in engineering, to collaborate with public and private entities to improve the practice of engineering in the national scope and to provide engineering services to diverse sectors of the population.
16 Foto: Yair Ulises Morales Vergara
CENTRO DE CIENCIAS APLICADAS Y DESARROLLO TECNOLĂ“GICO
CENTER FOR APPLIED SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT The CCADET provides advanced technological services to other departments at UNAM, external agencies and private businesses through the development of prototypes, advanced design and manufacturing, meteorology services, development and advising on computing and telecommunications services, among others. It collaborates with the General Hospital of Mexico for the development of methodologies and prototypes for biomedical and health applications that can serve the diagnostics, therapy and support procedures for clinical practice and teaching.
receded by the Instrument Center founded in 1971, it combines the research and the technological development in diverse areas of the Physical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering, with a multidisciplinary approach, paying attention to the training of human resources. It is divided in the departments of Instrumentation and Measurement, Optics and Microwaves, Technoscience, and Information Technologies. It participates in the graduate programs in Engineering, Materials Sciences and Engineering, Computing Engineering Sciences, Physical Sciences and Musical Technology. It has a National Laboratory for Additive Manufacturing, 3D Digitalization and Computerized Tomography (MADiT), the Spectroscopic Characterization University Laboratory (LUCE), the Environment Nanotechnology University Laboratory (LUNA) and the Research and Development Technological Unit (UIDT) in the General Hospital of Mexico. It leads the Science Laboratories project for the UNAM High School and it intervenes in the development of the Virtual Museum for the UNAM Board.
Its 41 researchers and 69 academic technicians work in more than 100 farâ€“ reaching projects aimed at solving relevant problems in our environment. Its collaboration agreements with more than 50 research centers and national and international universities are noteworthy.
INSTITUTO DE BIOLOGÍA
ounded in 1929, it develops scientific research on biodiversity and its potential and sustainable use, participates in the training of human resources and it disseminates the knowledge for the understanding and conservation of our natural wealth. In University City, it has the departments of Botany, Zoology and the Botanical Garden, as well as the stations Los Tuxtlas, Veracruz, and the Chamela-Cuizmala, Jalisco.
Mexico and in the characterization and evaluation of the priority sites for conservation and distribution of selected vertebrate species. The Institute has collaboration agreements to create distribution maps of scorpions with medical relevance, the conservation and recollection of endemic or endangered species of agave in Mexico, strategies for the conservation of wild fauna and to protect plant species at risk due to construction projects. It has links to the Secretariats of Environment and Natural Resources, Agriculture, Rural Development, Fishing and Alimentation, and with the Commissions for National Forest and Protected Areas, as well as the Federal Attorney for Environmental Protection, among others. It has 74 researchers and 93 academic technicians and it participates in the undergraduate degree in Biology and in the graduate program in Biological Sciences.
Its archives include 10 zoological collections with more than 4,000,000 specimens and the National Herbarium, with more than 1,300,000 specimens. The Botanical Garden houses the live plants collection and welcomes more than 80,000 visitors a year. Its objectives are: to facilitate and promote botanical research, teaching and dissemination, as well as to detect, protect and propagate rare or endangered species. Its studies about the Mexican flora and fauna stand out, especially the flora of Mesoamerica and the TehuacanCuicatlan Valley, the Bajio cacti, biology and conservation of Mexican arachnids, useful flora and agricultural systems of the North of Puebla, medicinal plants, quelites and purslane inventories of Mexico and the study of potential select Mexican medicinal plants. It also researches some emerging diseases in Mexico transmitted to humans through animals and insects, and the ecological relations among reservoirs, vectors and parasites. It participates in the “Barcode of Life”, an inventory of the biodiversity of the planet through the genetic study of each species, where Mexico is ranked among the first five countries with the largest number of registered species. In relation to climate change, it studies its impact on the vulnerability and adaptation of the main species in
PHOTO: ALEJANDRA RODRÍGUEZ CRUZ
RESERVA ECOLĂ“GICA DEL PEDREGAL
EXECUTIVE SECRETARIAT OF THE ECOLOGICAL RESERVE OF THE PEDREGAL OF SAN ANGEL
he REPSA constitutes a unique opportunity to carry out research and teaching by being a natural space surrounded by the urban area of Mexico City.
presenting projects, as long as they are duly registered and follow the established regulations.
This is why in 1983 UNAM created the Executive Secretariat of the Pedregal Ecological Reserve. This area, which constitutes the third par t of campus, safeguards 237 hectares of a unique ecosystem, the desert scrub of palo loco of at least 1,500 forms of native life that adapted to the natural conditions of the southern basin of the Valley of Mexico. Inside the reservoir, field practices, courses, workshops and research projects are carried out by academics and students from UNAM and other institutions interested in
Currently, there are more than 450 registered products, which include research projects, books, theses, etc. in a wide range of subject areas that span from biology and film to geology, architecture, veterinary, art, economy, and outreach, among others, from diverse education institutions, like the Metropolitan University, and from different nature, like the National Commission for the Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity (CONABIO).
INSTITUTO DE ECOLOGĂ?A
INSTITUTE OF ECOLOGY
t conducts diverse research: evolutionary, molecular, genetic, and plant physiology ecology, parasitic fungi, plant-animal interactions, plant and animal conservation, reserves, conduct, biodiversity and climate change, all through an ecological and natural history perspective. The Institute carries out environmental diagnostic studies that set the foundations to define conservation and sustainable policies, and its academics have been key for the creation of governmental entities like the National Commission for the Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity (CONABIO), the National Ecology and Climate change Institute and the National Council for Natural Protected Areas. It participates in the committees at the reserves of Chamela-Cuixmala, in Jalisco; Calakmul, in Campeche; Janos, in Chihuahua; Montes Azules and El Triunfo, in Chiapas; Los Tux tlas, in Veracruz and TehuacanCuicatlan, in Puebla. It also manages the Isla Isabel National Park in Nayarit.
into a broader and interdisciplinary framework to develop new theoretical approaches, translate and communicate this knowledge to decision-makers in the country. Mexico is one of the countries with the largest biodiversity in the world, but unfortunately, it also has one of the highest rates of environmental destruction. The Institute has the responsibility to understand the causes and patterns behind this diversity and to develop original research with solid theoretical foundations. The Institute of Ecology (IE) has its roots in 1972 in the Population Ecology Laboratory within the Institute of Biology. Its mission is four-fold: high quality research, the training of researchers and professionals, the dissemination of scientific knowledge and the application of knowledge to the resolution of environmental problems in Mexico and the world. The Institute, with 42 researchers and 31 academic technicians, carries out high-quality research and publishes its results in renowned international journals. It has three departments: Ecology of Biodiversity, Evolutionary Ecology and Functional Ecology.
The Institute has the challenge of integrating the different traditional areas of this discipline
PHOTO: SERGIO ENRIQUE RAMOS CASTRO
INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES BIOMÉDICAS
INSTITUTE OF BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH
myelodysplastic syndromes, to maximize the effect of chemotherapy on patients with cervical cancer and to control epilepsy, the description of an early biomarker for the detection of patients with acute kidney damage, the localization of the regions of the brain where the stimulus of hunger is located, the description of immunogens capable of producing antibodies against HIV and the determination of the components of arnica that have a protecting effect against the toxicity provoked by pollutants.
reated in 1941 as the Laboratory of Medical and Biological Studies, it researches the biological phenomena at a molecular, cellular, organism and population levels, focusing on understanding and solving human health problems. It has peripheral units in the National Institutes of Pediatrics, Cancerology, Medical and Nutritional Sciences, Neurology and Neurosurgery, as well as in units outside Mexico City in the Autonomous Universities of Tlaxcala and Veracruz. This has allowed it to influence the scientific development of other entities and the creation of new technologies in the health and industry sectors. More than 88 researchers and 83 academic technicians develop close to 76 research projects in the departments of Cellular Biology and Physiology, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Immunology, Genomic Medicine and Environmental Toxicology. It has established agreements with businesses in the pharmaceutical and food industries across the nation. Some of its accomplishments include: the development of a vaccine against swine cysticercosis, the establishment of the neonatal screening as a mandatory diagnostic test at the national level, the development of drugs against
It plays a fundamental role in the generation of high level biomedical researchers by managing the bachelor’s degree in Basic Biomedical Research, participating in the doctorate degree in Biomedical Sciences and in the graduate degrees in Biological Sciences, Biochemical Sciences, Animal Production and Health Sciences and Medical, Odontology and Health Sciences. In order to make specialized information accessible for researchers, the health sector, business persons, professors, students, physicians and decision-makers in health, science and technology policies, it has published the Gaceta Biomédicas for 17 years.
PHOTO: VERÓNICA ROSARIO CABRERA PEDRAZA
CENTRO DE CIENCIAS DE LA COMPLEJIDAD
CENTER FOR COMPLEXITY SCIENCES
Biosecurity, epidemiology and the socioenvironmental conflicts surrounding the appropriation and contamination of water sources, are among the issues being considered. The Editora C3 project stands out, which publishes and distributes free access scientific texts. In the future, it will look to incorporate other strategic areas such as the study of complexity in neurosciences and art, to mention a few. Its new facilities are located next to Universum.
onvinced that the greatest challenges of the country are complex problems whose solution requires to develop interdisciplinary work between exact, natural, social and humanistic sciences, and that there are new ways of maximizing the human capital of UNAM, the Center for Complexity Sciences (C3) has the mission to conduct transdisciplinary research aimed at the study of physical, biological and social systems, under the perspective of complex systems and non-linear dynamics focused on solving common interest issues. The C3 constitutes a gathering and interactive space where academics and graduate students, from diverse areas, interact and contribute to the solution of transcendent problems, whether in basic science or in applied areas of national importance. The projects at C3 emerge from basic research, the creation of technological tools and the discussion and identification of problems of environmental or social transcendence.
Seed programs at C3 are characterized by the combination of computational and mathematical modeling from the perspective of complexity sciences and through the management of vast databases in diverse areas. Its seed programs are: environmental and ecology complexity, computational intelligence, social complexity, systems biology complexity, and complexity and health. The C3 is also interested in generating socioenvironmental observatories and citizen science projects that contribute to the detection of the risks, conflicts and dangers that the social and environmental sectors in Mexico are exposed to. These will be useful tools to understanding the causes of such risks and to prevent their consequences, where the most marginalized sectors tend to be more vulnerable.
DIRECCIÓN GENERAL DE DIVULGACIÓN DE LA CIENCIA MUSEO DE LAS CIENCIAS UNIVERSUM
DEPARTMENT FOR THE PUBLIC COMMUNICATION OF SCIENCE AND UNIVERSUM
he DGDC was founded in 1997 and has the mission to advance, disseminate and promote science and scientific and technologic culture to share it with the university community and Mexican society. This directorate manages the Universum Science Museum and the Light Museum, which is located in the downtown area of the city. It also has the journal ¿Como ves?; the radio shows Radiosfera, Hoy por hoy en la ciencia, Venga a tomar cafe con nosotros, Una sola pregunta, and Imagen en la ciencia, por Pura Curiosidad; in the press: UNAMirada a la ciencia, and Ciencia desde la UNAM, and on the Internet: Donde se hace la ciencia. It organizes scientific dissemination courses for teachers, a summer children’s course, the museological research seminar, the Youth for Research program, and diverse workshops and courses. It also has the Manuel Sandoval Vallarta specialized library in scientific research, itiner ant exhibitions and a mobile planetarium. It participates in the Philosophy of Science graduate program and it teaches the certificate in Scientific Dissemination for students of all fields.
Learning that falling in love happens in the brain and not the heart, feeling butterflies or searching for a star in Mexico City’s night sky, are some of the experiences offered by the Universum Science Museum through its permanent and temporary exhibitions: Matter structure, Biodiversity, Mathemati cs , R 3: reduce, reuse and recycle, The brain: our bridge to the world, Chemistry is in everything, the Universe, Conscience of our city, Evolution, life and time, Population, Health and life in balance, and Sexuality. It also has a 3D space: The Window of Euclides, the Jose de la Herran Planetarium; Space Mission Escientia; the Urban Garden; Ecological team Mexico UNAM; the butterfly garden and the garden: medicinal plants. It also offers temporary exhibits, a kid’s space, science workshops, recreational science and theatre plays.
AV. SAN JERONIMO
AD RSID IVE . UN AV
EARTH SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING PHYSIC-MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES CHEMICAL-BIOLOGICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES
1 Coordination of Scientific Research
2 Institute of Nuclear Sciences
3 Intitute of Materials Research 4 Institute of Mathematics 5 Institute of Astronomy 6 Institute of Chemistry
5 14 19 UNIVERSIDAD
18 Institute of Biology 19 Executive Secretariat of the Ecological Reserve of the Pedregal de San Angel 20 Institute of Ecology 21 Institute of Biomedical Research
CIRCU ITO M ARIO DE LA CUEV A
14 University Research Programs 15 Institute of Research in Applied Mathematichs & Systems 16 Institute of Engineering 17 Center of Applied Sciences and Technological Development
12 Center of Atmospheric Sciences 13 Institute of Physics
7 Institute of Cellular Physiology 8 Institute of Ocean Sciences and Limnology 9 Institute of Geography 10 Institute of Geology 11 Institute of Geophysics
22 Center for Complexity Sciences 23 Department for the Public Communication of Science and Universum
Dr. Enrique Luis Graue Wiechers Rector
Dr. Leonardo Lomelí Vanegas General Secretary
Eng. Leopoldo Silva Gutiérrez Administrative Secretary
Dr. Alberto Ken Oyama Nakagawa Secretary of Institutional Development
M. Javier de la Fuente Hernández Secretary for the Attention to the University Community
Dr. Mónica González Contró General Lawyer
Dr. Domingo Alberto Vital Díaz Coordinator of Humanities
Dr. César A. Domínguez Pérez-Tejada Director of the Public Communication of Science Office
Text: Rosalba Namihira Guerrero, DGDC, with information from the Scientific Research Subsystem and the Statistical Agenda UNAM 2015. Translation: Inés Familiar Miller / Alejandra Vega Design: Rosario G. Fajardo H./ Lucía Itzel Guerrero Zamudio. Logistical support: Teresita de Jesús Mendiola Quiroz. Photography: Ernesto Navarrete, DGDC / Subsystem of Scientific Research/ 2nd Contest of scientific photography 2012 SIC - DGDC. Total or partial image reproduction for purposes other than for UNAM is forbidden without the written permission of the DGDC.
Published on Apr 18, 2017
Published on Apr 18, 2017
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