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ISSUe 127

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GreenFleet DRIVING THE SWITCH TO CLEANER FLEETS

ELECTRIC VEHICLES

MAINTAINING AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENTS Could the environmental benefits seen during lockdown lead to an increase in zero-emission vehicles?

FUEL

INTRODUCING E10 PETROL What to know about the planned introduction of E10 petrol from 2021

PLUS: CORONAVIRUS RESPONSE | DRIVER SAFETY | VOLKSWAGEN PASSAT GTE ROAD TEST


Comment

ISSUe 127

www.greenfleet.net

GreenFleet DRIVING THE SWITCH TO CLEANER FLEETS

FUEL

ELECTRIC VEHICLES

MAINTAINING AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENTS Could the environmental benefits seen during lockdown lead to an increase in zero-emission vehicles?

INTRODUCING E10 PETROL What to know about the planned introduction of E10 petrol from 2021

Transport and mobility after the pandemic There’s been a lot of talk about what transport and mobility will look like after the COVID-19 pandemic.

PLUS: CORONAVIRUS RESPONSE | DRIVER SAFETY | VOLKSWAGEN PASSAT GTE ROAD TEST

Follow and interact with us on Twitter: @GreenFleetNews

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We’ve all enjoyed the environmental benefits caused by lockdown restrictions, where many of us have been working from home and air travel has been halted. Air quality improvements have been seen across the globe. London’s busiest roads reported nearly a fifty per cent drop in harmful emissions during the peak of the lockdown, and Oxford city centre has seen a historic 59 per cent drop in air pollution. Now we are seeing restrictions eased, with more people returning to work. But where in the past, public transport and car sharing was encouraged to reduce emissions and congestion, now social distancing measures dictate that, actually, using your car is safer. This could see a surge in car use, with an increase in emissions inevitable. The Mayor of London is attempting to stop this from happening by temporarily increasing the congestion charge, but this of course will not help if walking or cycling to work is not possible. Many cities, companies and individuals want to use the environmental benefits of lockdown as a springboard for a greener future. And there have been reports that people are taking a fresh view of electric vehicles now they have seen what cleaner air looks and feels like. We asked this question in our Panel of Experts, on page 18, and our panelists raise some interesting points on transport and mobility post-pandemic. Angela Pisanu, editor

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GreenFleet DRIVING THE SWITCH TO CLEANER FLEETS

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226 High Rd, Loughton, Essex IG10 1ET. Tel: 020 8532 0055 Web: www.psi-media.co.uk EDITOR Angela Pisanu PRODUCTION MANAGER Dan Kanolik PRODUCTION CONTROL Lucy Maynard PRODUCTION DESIGN Joanna Golding WEB PRODUCTION Victoria Casey PUBLISHER George Petrou ACCOUNT MANAGER Kylie Glover ADMINISTRATION Shelley O’Neill REPRODUCTION & PRINT Argent Media

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Issue 127 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Contents

Contents GreenFleet 127 05 News

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Third of fleet managers plan to electrify at least half of their fleet; EVs take average lease car emissions down to 113g/km CO2; Fleet risk management policies should include pandemic protocol

10 Coronavirus Response

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The national effort to fight the coronavirus pandemic has been supported by the fleet and transport community, with many organisations offering their vehicles, drivers and services to help the frontline

12 Driver Safety As COVID-19 lockdown measures are gradually eased, employers need to be aware of the stress-related risks associated with drivers returning to work, advises Dr Lisa Dorn

15 Electric Vehicles It’s easy to focus on the challenges fleet operators face when it comes to electrification. But help is at hand to manage the transition and capitalise on the opportunities the change also presents, explans Leon Rooke

18 Expert Panel: Electric vehicles

Could improvements to air quality caused by COVID-19 lockdown restrictions make both company car drivers and fleet managers more open to the idea of a zero emission electric vehicle? Our expert panelists discuss this idea, as well as the impact tax and grant incentives has on boosting EV adoption

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23 Fuel: E10 Petrol

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To reduce CO2 emissions from petrol vehicles and to help meet emission reduction targets, the government is set to introduce E10 petrol at forecourts in 2021. Cenex’s Fergus Worthy explains

24 Road Test - First Drive: Volkswagen Passat GTE

Before the arrival of the new all-electric model era, Volkswagen has freshened up the plug-in hybrid version of its mid-size Passat. Richard Gooding finds that a longer all-electric range is just one of the benefits

GreenFleet magazine 4

DRIVING THE SWITCH TO CLEANER FLEETS | www.greenfleet.net

26 Road Test: Ford Mondeo Estate Vignale Hybrid

Among a barrage of SUVs, the Ford Mondeo resolutely stands its family car ground. Ahead of big electrification plans, Richard Gooding discovers that the addition of an estate body style to the Mondeo’s hybrid range expands Ford’s electrified reach a little practically further

30 Commercial GreenFleet: News

UK’s HGV market down 22.5 per cent in Q1 2020; Volvo and Daimler plan to jointly develop hydrogen trucks; Gasrec sees record demand for CNG and LNG

34 Commercial GreenFleet: Expert Panel: Logistics

Commercial vehicle operators have kept essential supplies flowing during the coronavirus pandemic. Our expert panelists discuss what recognition and support the logistics industry should get, especially when it comes to economic recovery and carbon reducation targets

38 Commercial GreenFleet: E-Cargo Bikes

Eighteen local authorities in England have secured funding from the Department for Transport’s £2m eCargo Bike Grant Fund, which will enable them to purchase e-cargo bikes for either local businesses or for use within their own fleets

40 Commercial GreenFleet: Electric Vans

A common gripe among some fleet operators is that electric vans that meet their payload and range requirements just do not exist. But as the push for clean air and carbon reduction continues, many manufacturers have been electrifying their light commercial vehicles. Here’s a round-up of the upcoming electric vans

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News

ELECTRIC VEHICLES

Third of fleet managers plan to electrify at least half of their fleet One-third of the UK’s fleet managers expect more than 50% of their company car fleets will be electric within five years, according to a new Go Ultra Low survey. The survey commissioned in partnership with the Energy Saving Trust, questioned 500 key fleet managers and decisionmakers that are responsible for running the full spectrum of vehicle fleets. The survey showed that nine in 10 fleet managers enjoy the idea of driving and owning an electric company car and seven in 10 committed to purchase an EV within the next two years. The recently revised changes to Benefit In Kind (BIK) - where the tax liability for fully electric company car drivers falls to 0% in 2020-21 and increases to 1% in 2021-22 - has also resulted in a renewed interest in company car schemes. Yet while more than half of all managers (53%) questioned predicted an uptake in demand for

electric company cars within their organisation, nearly one-third of respondents (32%) were not aware of the newly announced changes to BIK.
 
 According to the survey, the three key factors that inhibit EV adoption amongst fleet managers include the elevated price point of electric vehicles (47%) and their limited range (51%), as well as a lack of chargepoints (56%). In fact, 40% of respondents had no charging provision at work so were reliant entirely on public infrastructure. Reflecting on the findings, Poppy Welch, Head of Go Ultra Low, said: “This research highlights that the Government’s BenefitIn-Kind tax incentives are helping to shift behaviour around company fleets and the car industry is supporting with exciting products. “There are around 60 electric models now available and most are able to travel more than 200‑miles on a single charge. The decisions fleet managers make about EVs today will be critical in driving mass adoption tomorrow.”

She continued: “The UK now has more than 31,000 public chargepoint connectors, and an additional 500 chargepoints are installed each month, but we still hear from businesses that charging infrastructure remains an area of frustration. Fleet depots and rental branches, for example, often need to negotiate complex terms with landlords, electrical consultants and energy providers to install their own chargepoints. That’s why we’re developing a series of fleet-specific initiatives with the help of the Energy Saving Trust, to provide companies with the information and advice they need to make the transition to electric as seamless and cost-effective as possible.” Initiatives this year have included fleet workshops and a bespoke webinar series. READ MORE tinyurl.com/yco8x4gw

ELECTRIC VEHICLES

CONNECTIVITY

EVs more resilient as car market expected to shrink by 23 per cent

Connected vehicles key to achieving net zero targets by 2050

The latest Electric Vehicle Outlook report by Bloomberg NEF (BNEF) shows that while sales of electric passenger vehicles are forecast to fall 18% in 2020, sales of combustion engine cars are set to drop even faster this year (by 23%). What’s more the long-term electrification of transport is projected to accelerate in the years ahead. The report shows electric models accounting for 58% of new passenger car sales globally by 2040, and 31% of the whole car fleet. They will also make up 67% of all municipal buses on the road by that year, plus 47% of twowheelers and 24% of light commercial vehicles. The figures have major implications for oil and electricity markets. Transport electrification, particularly in the form of two-wheelers, is already taking out almost 1 million barrels of oil demand per day and by 2040 it will remove 17.6 million barrels per day. Electric vehicles (EVs) of all types are seen adding 5.2% to global electricity demand by 2040. Colin McKerracher, head of advanced transport for BNEF, commented: “The Covid-19 pandemic is set to cause a major downturn in global auto sales in 2020. It is raising difficult questions about automakers’ priorities and their ability to fund the transition. The longterm trajectory has not changed, but the market will be bumpy for the next three years.” For the first time, BNEF sees overall new passenger vehicle sales peaking in 2036 as changing global demographics, increasing urbanisation and more shared mobility outweigh the effects of economic development.

Electric models are seen accounting for 3% of global car sales in 2020, rising to 7% in 2023, at some 5.4 million units. Further falls in lithium-ion battery prices will mean that the lifetime and upfront costs of an electric car ‘cross over’ with those of ICE equivalents in around 2025, on average. However, the date will vary greatly depending on the market, as early as 2022 for large cars in Europe but 2030 or after for small ones in India and Japan. This year’s Outlook breaks new ground in examining prospects for the growth of electric two-wheelers and fuel-cell vehicles, using hydrogen. It sees the latter technology accounting for 3.9% of heavy-duty commercial vehicle sales and 6.5% of municipal bus sales globally by 2040, but with higher shares in East Asia and parts of Europe. Fuel cells are not seen encroaching far into lighter-duty commercial or passenger car markets.

READ MORE tinyurl.com/ycg6ftwz

Connected and automated vehicles could help pave the way towards a climate neutral Britain, according to Zenzic. Research investigating the positive impact connected vehicles will have on the environment has highlighted how connectivity can boost a vehicle’s energy efficiency anywhere between 5% to 20%, with other aspects of connectivity such as freight platooning potentially bolstering this increase. Aside from it being environmentally beneficial, it’s estimated that vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicleto-infrastructure connectivity could potentially save between £4-6bn a year, with £400m being saved from reducing traffic congestion alone as connected vehicles could travel closer to one another, freeing up space on UK roads. Connectivity also further opens up MaaS (mobility as a service) possibilities, potentially attracting more demand for services such as self-driving robotaxis, leading to fewer privately-owned cars driving on UK motorways and helping to reduce emissions. READ MORE tinyurl.com/yaue9af8

Issue 127 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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News RENTAL & LEASING

EVs take average lease car emissions down to 113g/km CO2 Data from the BVRLA’s Q4 2019 Quarterly Leasing Survey shows that the rise in battery electric vehicle (BEV) registrations has helped take average new lease car emissions down to 113g/km CO2 at the end of 2019, the lowest level since Q3 2018. BEVs were responsible for more than four per cent of new lease car registrations, a 750% growth in market share compared to the same period in 2018. As the BEV share of the new lease car market grew, it counteracted the inflationary impact of the new WLTP emissions standard, which had increased most petrol and diesel emissions by 10-20%. The salary sacrifice sector has the most BEV registrations, responsible for 24% of new car additions in Q4 2019. During

the same period BEVs made up just over 6% of new business contract hire cars. At 113g/km CO2, the average lease car registered at the end of 2019 had emissions 10% lower than the average newly registered car. The survey also found that the BVRLA lease car fleet declined by nearly 3% year on year, with a 7.3% increase in consumer contracts failing to offset a 5.4% fall in business leasing. The lease van fleet rose by just over 1% in the same period. 68% of the current BVRLA car lease fleet has a maintenance contract, but just 55% of cars registered in Q4 2019 came with maintenance included. The used vehicle leasing market is growing,

responsible for 2.5% of the total car fleet and 1.4% of the total van fleet. “The Q4 survey was the last conducted before the impacts of Brexit, the March 2020 Budget, the April 2020 tax changes and the COVID-19 pandemic,” said BVRLA Chief Executive, Gerry Keaney. “It will be fascinating to see the effect that these huge external factors will have on the shape of the leasing market and the speed of transition to zero emission road transport. Our new, improved survey means that we can give members a clearer picture than ever before.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/yaa9hqf9

VEHICLE-TO-GRID

Work begins on FCA project to build large-scale V2G facility Work has begun on building the infrastructure for FCA’s large-scale vehicle to grid pilot project in Turin, Italy. The first phase is being constructed at the FCA plant in Mirafiori and once fully completed, is expected to be the largest plant of its kind in the world. In addition to recharging electric cars, the project, conducted with technology partner Engie, will use their batteries to provide grid stabilisation services. The vehicle batteries are capable of storing energy and, using the V2G infrastructure, can return it to the grid when needs be. This could save money and contribute to a more sustainable electricity system. The construction site for phase one of the project is now open at the Drosso logistics centre, within the Mirafiori complex. The works cover an area of approximately 3,000m2 with 450m of trenches already excavated, ready to host over 10km of the cables required to

interconnect the electricity grid with 64 twoway fast charging points, with an output of up to 50kW. The centralised infrastructure and advanced control system – providing Vehicleto-Grid network services in addition to fast charging of electric vehicles – was designed, patented and constructed by ENGIE Eps. Phase one of the project will see the installation of 32 V2G columns capable of connecting 64 electric vehicles and is scheduled for completion in July. By the end of 2021, the infrastructure will be extended to interconnect up to 700 electric vehicles, capable of providing ultrafast grid services to the transmission network operator, as well as recharging the vehicles themselves. In its final configuration, the project will be capable of supplying up to 25MW of regulatory capacity, making it the largest V2G facility ever built in the world. “The project is acting as our laboratory to

experiment on and develop an offering to add value in the energy markets,” said Roberto Di Stefano, Head of EMEA e-Mobility at FCA. “On average, cars remain unused for 80-90 percent of the day. During this long period, if connected to the grid by Vehicleto-Grid technology, customers can therefore receive money or free energy in exchange for the balancing service offered, without compromising their mobility needs in any way. In addition, this project forms part of a broader context of the technology partnership that has stood between ENGIE Eps and FCA since 2016. The main, tangible objective of this partnership is to reduce the cost of FCA electric vehicle lifecycles, via specific offers exclusive to our customers.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/y7myvk78

ROAD CHARGES

Timing wrong to reintroduce charges in London, says BVRLA The decision to reintroduce emission zone charges in London – which were put on hold during the COVID-19 pandemic – is badly timed, the BVRLA has argued. They argue that businesses and families are facing unprecedented levels of financial hardship and the announcement to reintroduce penalties for non compliant vehicles from 22 June has come too soon, and also with little notice. Congestion charge may also rise from £11.50 a day to £15 and the hours of operation are being extended to 7am to 10pm, seven days a week, instead of just weekdays. BVRLA Chief Executive, Gerry Keaney said: “The timing of this is the issue.

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Both central government and local authorities are currently digging deep to support businesses through this crisis. Now is not the time to hit people with extra costs at short notice. “The Government is looking to industry to kickstart the economy and the decision to reintroduce and increase charges to drivers and fleet operators risks stifling businesses who are doing their best to keep on with the important job of transporting people and goods across the capital. “We would have preferred to have seen a continuation in the suspension of charges to give businesses more time to get on their feet. More notice would have also

DRIVING THE SWITCH TO CLEANER FLEETS | www.greenfleet.net

been welcomed as this will hit commercial vehicle operators particularly hard.” The BVRLA says it will continue to engage with Transport for London to ensure that they understand the valuable role that the rental, leasing and car club sectors can play in achieving a greener transport network. READ MORE tinyurl.com/ycxkwggx


Formula 1 hybrid expertise utilised in new Honda Jazz Honda will be apply its engineering expertise gained from Formula 1 in its new Jazz hybrid which is out later this year. Honda’s Formula 1™ Hybrid Power Unit (PU) programme will be used to improve the energy efficiency of the brand’s e:HEV hybrid system for passenger cars. The latest Honda Formula 1 Hybrid Power Unit, named RA620H, uses a highly efficient 1600cc six-cylinder internal combustion engine, combined with an Energy Recovery System. The advanced hybrid electrical systems recycle energy produced by the brakes and exhaust gases to generate extra boost power for acceleration and to reduce turbo lag. Last season, Honda’s Hybrid Power Unit helped its partner teams, Aston Martin Red Bull Racing and Scuderia Toro Rosso, achieve a total of three race wins and six podium places. The expertise engineers have developed in running hybrid power units at optimum efficiency and power output inspires Honda’s range of advanced e:HEV powertrains in its passenger cars. The Jazz’s e:HEV hybrid system recycles energy and harnesses it to charge the battery and

support engine output, for strong performance, seamless switching between drive modes and maximum efficiency. Yasuaki Asaki, Head of PU Development explains: “During a Formula 1 race weekend teams have to manage very carefully how much fuel they use to comply with the sport’s regulations. In a race we can divide the total fuel allowance over the number of laps, but there are going to be situations where a team might wish to use more fuel in order to get higher performance and in other parts of the race they will want to save fuel for later, while behind a safety car for example. “In a race, the communication between the race engineer and the driver is key to achieving that best balance. However, in our road-going e:HEV hybrids we apply our expertise to ensure the Powertrain control units deliver the best possible power to efficiency ratio for the driver, in any required driving mode.” The e:HEV system is newly developed for Jazz and engineered to deliver optimum fuel efficiency and an enjoyable driving experience. READ MORE tinyurl.com/yd7kzv34

News

HYBRIDS

LowCVP’s James McGeachie A brave, new world James McGeachie, Technical and Programme Director, LowCVP

When I accepted the role of Technical and Programme Director at LowCVP last year, the world was operating in what is fast becoming known as “old” normal mode. You remember the sort of thing; venturing outside to travel to work, physically meeting people, kids going to school, Zoom was something you did with a camera and Teams referred to whoever you supported or played for at the weekend Fast forward several months, notice period served and here I am, very much the new boy at LowCVP. This is week five for me and it’s fair to say I hadn’t quite envisaged starting a new job in the middle of a global lockdown! From my previous role as Engineering Director at Prodrive Advanced Technologies, I bring with me some knowledge on the electrification and hybridisation of a wide range of vehicles but there’s still a great deal for me to learn and get up to speed on. Trying to do this virtually is an interesting challenge and certainly involves acquiring some new digital skills! Several friends and relatives have commented, what unfortunate timing to be doing this now in a period of unprecedented upheaval and change. It’s true that it may well have felt a little easier in the ‘old normal’ but I actually think this is an ideal and exciting time to be joining LowCVP. Inevitably, following what is a once-in-a-century event, the world is going to be a different place. Quite what the ‘new normal’ is going to be remains unclear, but I feel it’s that uncertainty that provides a real opportunity for LowCVP and its membership to shape and influence the future of road transport for decades to come. The signs are certainly there that transport and the environment are going to remain front and foremost in the restoration of the UK economy, perhaps more so than ever before. Both regularly feature in the daily Covid-19 briefings, while Government requests for consultation currently range from the role of micromobility (eScooters,etc ) in the future of transport through to decarbonisation of transport as a whole in order to achieve net zero emissions by 2050. So, perhaps it comes as no surprise that the title for this year’s LowCVP conference is “RESET 2020: Driving the Green Recovery”. Taking place in July, virtually of course, the main theme for the conference is understanding how the UK can seize the opportunity for an investment-led green recovery as the country emerges from the pandemic. Perhaps it’s a touch of lockdown madness on my part but it feels like a truly historic moment is upon us in the transport sector; we have a unique opportunity to change things for the better and to create something positive from a difficult time for the country as a whole. On that note, I’ll head off now as I need to explain to my six-year-old how Dad knows best when it comes to maths homework and clearly his teachers have been doing it wrong!

FURTHER INFORMATION The LowCVP Conference On-line takes place on 15 July, click here for more information: www.lowcvp.org.uk

Issue 127 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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News ROAD SAFETY

Fleet risk management policies should include pandemic protocol Standard fleet risk management policies should be amended to include protocol during the coronavirus pandemic, believes FleetCheck. The fleet software specialist said that the “Working Safely During COVID19 in or from a Vehicle”, issued by the government, has a sensible framework to manage the possibility of infection around the use of company vehicles. Peter Golding, managing director at FleetCheck, explained: “The fact is that coronavirus is going to be very much part of everyday fleet management for the foreseeable future and that businesses need to tackle the issue as proactively as possible. “In order to minimise the likelihood of employees being exposed to the virus, many or even most fleets have already adopted a range of measures on an ad hoc basis and the new official guidance provides a means to build on this improvisational approach. “There is undoubtedly an argument for

integrating the Government’s strategies and more into your overall, written risk management policy. Until there is a vaccine or a cure for coronavirus, it is going to have be managed and you should have a written infrastructure.” Peter added that areas that may need to be covered in coronavirus risk management included everything from protocols for delivery drivers and cleaning of shared vehicles to implications for grey fleet operations and drivers reporting symptoms of the illness. He said: “Over time, and especially following the Government guidance, we expect to see a consensus develop across the industry about how all of these issues are handled but that dialogue is still very much underway. Certainly, we are having conversations every day with our fleet customers about new aspects of their management of the risks involved. “We are also looking at how to adapt our products for this situation and are currently

working on a ‘Ready for the Road’ app that includes provision for fleet managers to send push messages to employees with a ‘read and understood’ confirmation for new policies.” Peter said that initial thinking indicated that there was probably not a strong legal aspect to the risk management of the virus for employers because it would always be difficult to know and prove where and when someone became infected. “However, there is certainly an ethical and operational question and, as people start to return to work, something that may be happening very soon in sectors like manufacturing and construction, it will be a matter of ensuring that employees feel they can use company vehicles with a relatively high degree of confidence.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/y7rlt8bp

ELECTRIC VEHICLES

Kia aims for eleven electric vehicles by 2025 Kia Motors has outlined further details of its shift towards electrification, including its aim to offer 11 EVs in 2025 globally, across a range of vehicle segments – including passenger vehicles, SUVs and MPVs. At the start of the year, Kia Motors announced ‘Plan S’, a new mid- to longterm strategy aimed at progressively establishing a leadership position in the future automotive industry, encompassing electrification and mobility services, as well as connectivity and autonomy. The Plan S strategy outlines Kia’s ‘shift’ from a business system focused on internal combustion engine vehicles toward one centred on popularising EVs. In the first quarter of 2020, Kia’s sales of new EVs grew by 75 per cent compared with the first quarter of 2019, to 6,811 units. This meant that zero emission vehicles from Kia accounted for 6.0 per cent of the company’s total European sales during the first quarter of 2020, up from 2.9 per cent in the first quarter of 2019. Kia now plans to offer 11 EVs in 2025 globally, across a range of vehicle segments – including passenger vehicles, SUVs and MPVs. The first of Kia’s next-generation EVs will be introduced to Europe in 2021 and will offer a single-charge driving range of over 300 miles, as well as sub20-minute high-speed charging time. Emilio Herrera, Chief Operating Officer for Kia Motors Europe, commented: “Many of Kia’s new EVs will be offered in Europe,

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which is currently the focal point for EV sales growth worldwide. We are encouraged by the early sales success of our current generation of EVs, the new e-Niro and Soul EV, which have been well-received by buyers across the continent. In every one of the last five years, we have reported growing sales of Kia EVs, and our next-generation models will accelerate this trend further.” Kia Motors Europe will launch many of the brand’s future global EVs following the introduction of the brand’s maiden dedicated zero-emissions model in 2021. Every new model line due to launch in Europe from now on will offer at least one variety of electrified (mild-hybrid, full-hybrid, plug-in hybrid or electric) powertrain, as advanced powertrain technology forms an ever greater proportion of the brand’s European sales. Following the launch of Kia’s maiden dedicated EV, Kia will introduce several additional zero-emission vehicles from 2022 onwards, with their own EV-specific designs and a new user experience designed to make them even easier to live with day-to-day. Kia will offer many of its new vehicles with charging capabilities tailored to the needs and budgets of customers across a range of vehicle segments. Kia’s EVs will offer either 400V or 800V charging capacity, enabling fast or rapid charging depending on the different types of buyer for individual model lines.

DRIVING THE SWITCH TO CLEANER FLEETS | www.greenfleet.net

Pablo Martinez Masip, Director Product Planning and Pricing for Kia Motors Europe, explained: “We want to provide European customers with the best possible value for their money, something that we are committed to with every new car. This means that certain models, particularly those aimed at more cost-conscious buyers, will offer 400V charging capability. 800V charging won’t simply be reserved for Kia’s flagship models, however, but where it most closely matches the usage profile of a particular model line. “Both systems can be charged at home or in public, with 800V rapid charging enhancing usability in models driven by customers who may rely on high-voltage rapid charging more often or drive higher mileages. 400V charging, as already found in the award-winning e-Niro and Soul EV, also enables rapid charging and will remain relevant for many customers who have greater flexibility about where and when they recharge. We will cater for all needs.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/y7djux7k


News

MOBILITY

Coronavirus likely to hamper uptake of mobility solutions The coronavirus pandemic is likely to have a negative effect on the rate of adoption of mobility solutions, such as car sharing, believes FleetCheck. This is because most mobility solutions rely on multi-users at a time when sharing of almost any asset could lead to the virus being much more widely distributed. Peter Golding, managing director, said: “The mobility products that have been promoted to fleets over the last few years as an alternative to existing corporate travel methods are fundamentally designed to get more out of existing transport assets – whether that is car sharing, ride sharing, access to pool vehicles, or increased use of public transport. “In a world that is coping with coronavirus, all of these options become much more

problematic. They are inevitably much riskier and potentially dangerous than the one driver, one vehicle company car or van model that they seek to replace.” Peter said that this would unavoidably have an impact on which mobility solutions were considered viable by fleets and would become widely adopted over the next few years. “It seems to us that coronavirus will have a fundamental effect on the mobility sector, at least this side of a vaccine or cure for the virus. Whichever risk management measures you adopt to offset the dangers of any form of sharing of transport, issues remain. “There may instead be a fundamental shift in how fleets now view the future away from the mixed-solution vision of mobility that has been widely promoted in recent years.

“In the short term, we believe it is almost inevitable that grey fleet use will increase as people look to undertake journeys in their own, personal space. It could also be that we look towards a wider range of single-user transport solutions, especially for shorter journeys. Certainly, there are widespread reports of interest in e-bikes and mopeds, it is possible that Renault Twizy-style one or twoperson personal EVs could become popular. “Employers may need to start thinking about how these changes fit into their operations and what changes they need to consider.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/ycdc2pn9

EVENT REVIEW

GREENFLEET365’s first online event showed emergency services how to electrify their fleet GREENFLEET’S new series of online events began with Emergency GREENFLEET – Electrifying the Emergency Services, on 23 April. Originally scheduled as a live event on 19 March before the COVID-19 pandemic, delegates from across the emergency services and MOD tuned into the event, which included key information, live Q&A, interactive polls, and peer chat.

The event was hosted by GREENFLEET Ambassador Kate Armitage and speakers included the government’s Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV), Crown Commercial Service (CCS), SMMT, the National Grid, Quentin Willson, Lex Autolease and Joju Charging. The results from the interactive poll showed that 45 per cent of

delegates cite operational requirements as the main barrier towards switching to an electric fleet, which is no surprise given the nature of blue light services. However, 38 per cent said they had committed to buying between one and ten electric vehicles this year. Click below to view the video on the GF365 On Demand website.

Issue 127 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Coronavirus Response

How the fleet community is assisting the frontline The national effort to fight the coronavirus pandemic has been supported by the fleet and transport community, with many organisations offering their vehicles, drivers and services to help the frontline The transport and fleet community has come together to assist frontline responders during the coronavirus crisis. As part of a formalised initiative, the Department for Transport (DfT) has established a Transport Support Unit (TSU), which sees transport firms volunteer their vehicles, drivers and services to assist during the coronavirus pandemic. Those that have offered support include the Maritime and Coastguard Agency, who have offered vehicles including four fixed-wing aircraft, one of them a Boeing 737. They can be made available for tasks including moving emergency patients and medical supplies. Highways England have agreed to release control vehicles for potential use as mobile COVID-19 testing centres. Network Rail, with the eighth largest commercial vehicle fleet in the country, has 8,500 vans and lorries which can be used to

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Getting people to appointments transport essential items during the crisis. Transport firms in Scotland have been It is making available its seven regional drafted in to help people with suspected distribution centres which can be used coronavirus symptoms attend for COVID-19 related supplies. urgent but non-emergency The DfT, its agencies or the medical appointments. wider transport sector The The Scottish have made more than Transpo Government, NHS 8,500 staff available r t Suppor Boards, and Scotland’s to volunteer to help t Unit sees tra business community in the crisis. n sport fi volunte have been working Transport Secretary r m s er their to make vehicles and Grant Shapps, said: v e d h rivers a drivers available to “As the country nd serv icles, ices to assis COVID-19 symptomatic works hard to beat t patients who are well this virus, it’s vital we the pan during enough to travel but do come together and help demic not have access to a car each other. The Transport and are unable to use public Support Unit is getting transport to reach their local to work, helping frontline COVID-19 Community Assessment Centre. staff, and making full use of the So far The Scottish Government has significant resources at its disposal.”

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Logistics Logistics professionals are categorised as “key workers” in the government’s COVID19 response plans. While many business are able to work from home and not expose workers to the dangers of the pandemic, the logistics industry has been working tirelessly to enable the country to function, whether that’s replenishing food stocks at supermarkets, or delivery vital medicine and protective gear to the frontline. It really does highlight how important the transport sector – and all those that work within it – is. They provide operations that the country depends on. To help the logistics industry during this time, the FTA launched a portal allowing its members to share and discuss the resource they require during the pandemic. This follows its #LogisticsHelpsLogistics, a social media campaign allowing businesses to fill staff shortfalls or identify vehicles with capacity. Electric vehicles Nissan and its UK dealer network is providing more than 100 cars for NHS workers should their normal mode of transport be compromised. The vehicles on offer include the electric Nissan LEAF, and the dealer will provide free access to the dealer’s charging facility. MG Motor UK meanwhile is supplying up to 100 fully-electric MG ZS EVs to NHS agencies across the UK free of charge, to support the COVID-19 response. The first six cars have already been supplied to Lancashire and South Cumbria NHS Trust by MG dealer Chorley Group. MG Motor and DriveElectric have supplied Haringey Council with MG ZS electric vehicles to deliver essential supplies to where they

Coronavirus Response

received more than 100 offers of support from businesses across Scotland to help move people and goods, and it is working with health boards to explore and take advantage of these opportunities. Scottish Health Secretary Jeane Freeman said: “While we are asking people wherever possible to look after themselves at home, when symptoms do worsen or become unmanageable patients may be asked to attend their local Community Assessment Centre. This can be challenging where a person is well enough to travel but has no access to their own transport and is not allowed to use public transport. “These new patient transport services will be in line with social distancing measures and make it easier for people to get the right help at the right time which will also reduce pressure on hospital admissions. “The patient driver services are a fantastic example of Scotland pulling together to respond to COVID-19 and I must give thanks to all those who have volunteered their services so far. I am particularly grateful to Arnold Clark for volunteering a fleet of vehicles to our Health Boards, car hire companies for their offers of support, and the taxi industry for engaging so positively with us to secure additional capacity if and where needed.”

Network Rail, with the eighth largest commercial vehicle fleet in the country, has 8,500 vans and lorries which can be used to transport essential items during the crisis. It is also making available its seven regional distribution centres which can be used for COVID-19 related supplies are needed the most. So far, the vehicles have been used to deliver over 700 food parcels to families across Haringey with the support of hundreds of local volunteers. ENGIE has announced that its nationwide GeniePoint Network will be free to use for all key workers during the Covid-19 crisis. Mobility for NHS staff Private hire operator Addison Lee has partnered with coach platform Zeelo to enable up to 10,000 vehicles to provide transport and logistics to support hospitals and healthcare workers in London through the Coronavirus outbreak. The partnership includes a multi-fleet offer of coaches, cars and delivery vans, managed through a central technology platform and operations team. Europcar Mobility Group has launched the “Together” programme to support the mobility of workers in emergency service sectors. As part of this programme, the Group will also work in partnership with retailers and other businesses, offering a rental service of light commercial vehicles with drivers. This is designed to help meet the increased demand for logistics and delivery services in countries under lockdown or with stringent social-distancing measures. All vehicles undergo new cleaning protocols between rentals using chemical sanitiser to protect the safety of customers and employees. Europcar Mobility Group UK has also supplied 61 vehicles to MOD paramedics who have been drafted in to support South Central Ambulance Service during the COVID-19 pandemic. The MOD paramedics need transport to enable them to move between their barracks and South Central’s assigned ambulance centres. The AA has partnered with London Ambulance Service to provide additional support to help keep clinicians on the

road during the coronavirus epidemic. The partnership includes 24-hour breakdown and incident management services such as roadside assistance and vehicle recovery for London Ambulance Service vehicles. The AA has also launched a free breakdown service for NHS workers during the Coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis. NHS staff who break down on their way to or from work will be able to call for help, whether or not they are an AA member. The service, which is available to anyone with an NHS ID, includes free recovery to and from work as well as help if they break down at home. Groupe PSA has also announced that its Roadside Assistance programme has been extended for the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic to all NHS workers who currently drive a Peugeot, Citroën, DS Automobiles or Vauxhall vehicle and do not already have any mechanical breakdown cover. IVECO is supporting various local initiatives across Europe to address the challenges raised by the coronavirus pandemic. In Italy, IVECO has donated five Daily vehicles to the RED CROSS office in Piedmont for use until the end of November 2020. The vehicles have been prepared, sanitized and handed over ready to fight the spread of COVID19. IVECO is also providing the non-profit voluntary healthcare organisation “Soccorso dell’Ordine di San Giovanni in Italia” (Sezione di Ciriè) the use of three vehicles free of charge to support its activities. In Finland, IVECO has donated the use of a brand-new IVECO Daily ambulance to Helsinki University Hospital for the next three months. The ambulance will transport Covid-19 patients to the hospital. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.gov.uk

Issue 127 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Driver Safety Written by Dr Lisa Dorn, Research Director, DriverMetrics

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Driver stress in the COVID-19 environment As COVID-19 lockdown measures are gradually eased, employers need to be aware of the stress-related risks associated with drivers returning to work, advises Dr Lisa Dorn The speed and scale of the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic is having a serious effect on the mental health of many of us and increasing levels of stress and anxiety. As governments begin to make plans to gradually ease the lockdown measures, employers need to be aware of the stress-related risks associated with drivers returning to work. Driver stress and crash risk Studies by Brenner and Selzer in the 1960s first identified the link between stress and crash involvement. They studied drivers responsible

employees. Personal crises were defined as interpersonal events severely disturbing to the driver which still affected the driver at the time of the fatal crash as might be anticipated when returning to work in the midst of a pandemic. The study showed that 20 per cent of the fatality drivers had suffered some disturbing experiences within six hours of causing a fatal crash. The implications for the current situation are clear. Many drivers will be returning to work with concerns around a range of Covid19 related issues, including worries about their own health and that of their families, as well as potential financial pressures as the economy suffers a downturn.

Observational methods to identify driver stress During the pandemic, it is natural for people to feel shocked, or numb, or unable for 96 fatal accidents over a three-year period to accept what has happened. Be aware and a matched control group to determine the that people react differently and take prevalence of social stress and acute pre-accident different amounts of time to come to terms disturbance. Social stress included serious and with what has happened. It is normal to disturbing personal conflicts or vocationalexperience a mix of feelings. Drivers financial crises originating during the 12-month may feel frightened that period prior to the fatal crash or personal they will catch virus or interview. These included job Many worried about loved problems or financial difficulties, drivers ones. They may also actual or feared demotion, be fearful about promotion, discharge, or job returnin will be their livelihoods change, as well as conflicts with co g to work ncern in the future. with employers, or fellow

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s ar a range of COV ound ID related issues, -19 s uch as their h e a lt h or that of their families


Organisations should avoid putting too much pressure on their workforce and allow them to adopt a pace that they feel comfortable with. Increasing workloads when drivers are already highly stressed may be counterproductive Research has shown that after a trauma, people are more likely to have accidents. Identifying driver stress: psychometric assessment Observational methods can be challenging to implement within large fleets. However, psychometric assessments offer a fast and accurate means of identifying drivers at highest risk. Research to develop a specific tool to measure driver stress began in the 1980s so that its effects on driving performance could be investigated. Dozens of studies culminated in the development of the Driver Stress Inventory and in 2005 the Cranfield University made this assessment now known as the Driver Risk Index - widely available via its spin out company, DriverMetrics. Since then, several studies have shown that the DriverMetrics scales measuring components of

Driver Safety

Drivers may also feel helpless; that something really bad has happened and this may lead to feelings of powerlessness. They may feel vulnerable and overwhelmed. Anger about what has happened is another feeling that could be felt by drivers and they could want to find people, organisations, or governenments to blame. Drivers may also feel guilty that they have survived when others have suffered or died, or may feel that they could have done something to prevent it. Drivers may feel sad that people suffered or died, especially if someone they knew has been badly affected by Covid-19. They could also feel hopeful that their life will return to normal. People can feel positive about things even during lockdown as a way of coping with the situation. Employees may react to the stress and anxiety in a number of ways including difficulties with sleep, poor concentration, suffering with headaches and stress related ill-health, changes in appetite and increases in alcohol consumption. These human responses to the pandemic are quite normal but fleet managers need to be aware of how changes in a fleet driver’s mental health can affect crash risk. Once there is a relaxing of the rules around lockdown and drivers return to work, you need to ensure that you maintain a vigilant watch.

driver stress are predictors of road traffic crashes (Matthews, Dorn & Glendon, 1991; Matthews, Desmond, Joyner, Carcary & Gilliland, 1997; Matthews, Tsuda, Xin & Ozeki, 1999; Dorn, Stephen, Gandolfi & af Wåhlberg, 2010). Recommended actions Organisations employing drivers could use a research-validated psychometric assessment such as the Driver Risk Index to identify drivers with particularly high levels stress and target those that need extra support. They can put in place increased levels of communication with their workforce to make sure that they feel their well-being matters. Make sure there is a two-way communication process so that fleet drivers believe in their ability to create change if necessary. Organisations should avoid putting too much pressure on their workforce and allow them to adopt a pace that they feel comfortable with. Increasing workloads when drivers are already highly stressed may be counterproductive. It may take a little while to return to previous levels of production. Drivers should be communicated with to ensure they are aware of the ‘new normal’ road conditions, which will include a significant increase in vulnerable road users, such as cyclists and pedestrians. Organisations should be vigilant to signs of stress such as a driver being quieter than usual or more argumentative. Offer an opportunity for them to talk through anything that might be bothering them. They should also Watch for signs of alcohol or drug use as these may be a coping mechanism adopted by some members of the workforce. Make sure to continue with random drug and alcohol testing. Fleet operators should also be alert to signs of fatigue as people may have trouble sleeping when under stress. Manage fatigue by building in extra breaks if working hours are longer than usual. The new normal We are going to be living and working in the context of Covid-19 for a sustained period. For many people, driving for work will be even more stressful than ever before, as a range of anxieties and concerns distract drivers. Thankfully, there is a large body of research that can help us to identify the signs of driver stress and to take steps to reduce it. DriverMetrics has published ‘Covid-19: A Guide for Fleet Managers’ which is available for free download on the link below. L FURTHER INFORMATION resources.drivermetrics.com/covid19/

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Electric Vehicles

Planning a profitable electrification strategy When the history books for 2020 are written, The cost of change the acceleration in the government’s plans Earlier this year, Centrica Business Solutions to electrify road transport won’t get top commissioned a survey of 200 UK firms billing – for obvious reasons; the Covid 19 to see what progress was being made crisis is currently dominating the agenda towards electrification, and we found that for most people, including fleet managers. businesses are already earmarking large However, looking ahead it’s clear that sums to allow them to make the switch. the shift to electric vehicles (EV) demands In the two years since the government first attention from any business running a fleet announced the ban on the manufacture of – especially following the announcement petrol and diesel vehicles, businesses had that no new internal combustion engine already spent an estimated £8.2 billion on vehicles can be sold after 2035. EV adoption. And the research suggests The situation is particularly pressing that this figure is set to increase as firms for those in industries where large accelerate the introduction of fleets are commonplace such as electric cars and vans into manufacturing, logistics and retail day-to-day operations. It – those where the required The cost of may be up-front financial investment electrification not only possible will be the greatest. consists of the need fo

r busines s e s t o the size use reserve able power of EVs that a fleet rep genera resents to te m revenue ore

to acquire the vehicles themselves, but also of the other adaptations that firms will need to make in order to make an EV fleet workable. Chief among these is the installation of charging infrastructure, highlighted by 38 per cent of respondents to our survey as a concern, and the increase in energy consumption that will follow, which was a worry for 37 per cent. Some of these costs will be more easily mitigated and managed than others. Leasing instead of buying vehicles outright, for example, can remove much of the upfront expenditure on vehicles, and this is a common approach many fleet managers already take in order to keep their vehicles up to date. However, effective energy management will quickly become a major concern for businesses as more of their vehicles become electric. E

Issue 127 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

Written by Leon Rooke, Centrica Business Solutions

It’s easy to focus on the challenges fleet operators face when it comes to electrification. But help is at hand to manage the transition and capitalise on the opportunities the change also presents, explans Leon Rooke

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Charging and energy storage hand-in-hand The cost of powering a large fleet of electric vehicles solely with electricity bought from the grid would be significant. To mitigate against this, more and more firms are choosing to generate a portion of the energy they’ll need on-site. Deploying modern energy technology such as solar panels, combined heat and power units and battery storage allows a business to meet the additional power demands of new EV charging points by generating and storing its own power on-site, independent of the grid. For example, a business can install solar panels and battery storage on its premises, link these to its EV infrastructure and monitor the entire chain with smart sensors, giving it complete control over the entire energy chain. Electricity generated through the solar panels can power charging points directly – and any surplus can be stored in the battery to cover future short-falls in power caused by peaks in demand or a weather-related drop in supply. What’s more, it may be possible for businesses to use the sizeable power reserve that a fleet of electric vehicles represents to generate additional revenue.

Companies can access financial incentives for participating in a DSR scheme through the government’s capacity market, which pays out for the energy it receives from private enterprises Exporting power As the government looks to move away from a centralised, largely fossil fuel-based model of power generation towards an approach based on locally generated renewable energy, power will be generated much closer to the point of consumption. This will reward producers – including businesses – that are ready to provide energy at short notice during periods of high usage. It’s likely that, in the not-too-distant future, businesses with large EV fleets will be able to use the vehicles as storage batteries for this purpose, a process known as vehicle-to-grid (V2G) charging. Unused electricity sitting in fleet vehicles could be extracted and sold to the grid for profit or used to support other power needs. But there are more immediate benefits available in the form of Demand Side Response (DSR) schemes. Firms that sign up to DSR commit to reducing or shifting their energy consumption when demand on the grid threatens to exceed supply. The aim of these schemes is to ensure that the grid always has more energy coming in than it does going out by supplementing what it produces with energy created elsewhere. Companies can access financial incentives for participating in a DSR scheme through

Electric Vehicles

 Many of the businesses in our survey had already recognised this, but still a third (28 per cent) hadn’t considered what energy technology they would need to support on-site vehicle charging. But, again, with the right strategy and technology in place, forward-thinking businesses will be able to navigate a path to electrification that will not break the bank, and which could even open up new revenue streams.

the government’s capacity market, which pays out for the energy it receives from private enterprises. The market also rewards businesses that can adjust their demand when asked, normally for no longer than half an hour at time – something that a firm storing energy in a battery would be able to do without affecting its own supply. The road ahead Fleet operators face a challenge in guiding their businesses through the transition to EVs. As our research showed, there will be some unavoidable costs along the way. But, by adopting on-site energy technology, firms can better manage the increased energy demand of vehicle charging. Not only that, but those firms that can take control of their own power generation and storage will find themselves in a strong position to generate new revenue as the capacity market plays an ever more important role in how the UK is powered. L

Leon Rooke is Commercial and Business Sales Manager at Centrica Business Solutions FURTHER INFORMATION www.centrica.com

What are Demand Side Response (DSR) schemes? Demand Side Response (DSR) schemes allows participants to commit to reducing or shifting their energy consumption when demand on the grid threatens to exceed supply. The aim of these schemes is to ensure that the grid always has more energy coming in than it does going out by supplementing what it produces with energy created elsewhere. Companies can access financial incentives for participating in a DSR scheme through the government’s capacity market, which pays out for the energy it receives from private enterprises. The market also rewards businesses that can adjust their demand when asked, normally for no longer than half an hour at time – something that a firm storing energy in a battery would be able to do without affecting its own supply.

Issue 127 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Panel of Experts: EVs

EXPERT PANEL ELECTRIC VEHICLES Could air quality improvements caused by COVID-19 lockdown restrictions spur more organisations to consider a zero-emission fleet? Our expert panelists discuss this idea, as well as the impact tax and grant incentives has on boosting EV adoption

Lee Brown, head of 0Zone, The Grosvenor Group Lee Brown is head of 0Zone, the Grosvenor Group’s innovative and market leading solution to help companies navigate their way smoothly towards ultra-low emission and electric vehicles. Lee is also finance director of Interactive Fleet Management, the Grosvenor Group’s specialist fleet management business, which means he brings a perfect balance between how fleets can drive down their emissions and the financial implications of policy setting. Lee joined the Grosvenor Group in 2001, became finance director of Interactive Fleet Management in 2012 and is well-known for his clear and inciteful advice for companies with car and light commercial vehicle fleets.

Colin Ferguson, chief executive officer, The Algorithm People The Algorithm People was launched in April 2019 by Colin, who pioneered the use of algorithms in the fleet sector with his last company Route Monkey and saw him recognised as one of the most influential figure heads in fleet within the GF100. The Algorithm People has now secured £500,000 of investment to develop ‘My Transport Planner’, which allows organisations to increase vehicle utilisation, cut costs and reduce emissions.

Peter Eldridge, director, The Association of Fleet Professionals Ltd Starting at Fiat Auto UK in 1963, Peter has enjoyed a successful fleet industry career that has encompassed almost every aspect of customer service and technical support, including spells as the manager of a large blue-chip fleet operation as well as senior management positions within franchised motor trade, contract hire, leasing and accident management. Peter sits on the board of the ICFM and, following the creation of the new, merged organisation in March, 2020, also of the AFP. He was inducted as an honorary fellow of the ICFM in 2011 and is regarded as one of the organisation’s strongest lead tutors.

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The coronavirus pandemic has shown that significantly reducing transport and manufacturing can have major benefits for the environment. Air quality has improved in cities across the globe, with London reporting drops of almost 50 per cent on its busiest roads. During this pause to our usual lives, people’s awareness of how travel affects the environment has increased. “The pandemic has caused people to stop and think,” comments Lee Brown, head of 0Zone at The Grosvenor Group. “Air pollution has dropped to unprecedented levels across the world as major cities and countries impose lockdown measures. “As we stay inside, the environment is temporarily changing, with wild animals photographed roaming the streets, images showing the water in Venice to be clear, and in places like Punjab in India, city residents saying they can now see the snow peaks of the Himalayas; a view that has been blocked by air pollution for decades.” This heightened awareness of the link between transport and the environment could make drivers and fleet operators more open to the idea of a zero emission electric vehicle. Colin Ferguson, Chief Executive Officer from The Algorithm People, comments: “Air quality will certainly be higher up the agenda than before and will influence buying decisions for both company car drivers and fleet managers. “The two primary pressures on vehicle operators are to cut costs and emissions, and both those factors will remain in play during and after COVID-19. “However, companies will be conserving cash after the impact of the coronavirus, so they also need to be more creative in how they can cut carbon from their fleets of diesel and petrol vehicles. Route optimisation software is a proven way to reduce total fleet mileage, thereby reducing carbon emissions and saving money which can be reinvested in EVs.” Peter Eldridge, Director of the Association of Fleet Professionals, cautions that any such intentions to move to electric vehicles could be hampered by the availability of such


Panel of Experts: EVs

vehicles. He says: “There is no doubt that the COVID-19 lockdown has resulted in a sudden improvement in air quality and the majority of fleet operators would, of course, ideally like to use this as a springboard for accelerating their path towards a greener future. However, the reality is that they will be hampered by the availability of ultra-low emission vehicles, something that was already affecting environmental targets prior to the pandemic. “The shutdown in production by all vehicle manufacturers has done nothing to improve the lengthy vehicle lead times, specifically for low and ultra-low emission vehicles.” Getting the country moving As the UK prepares to get its economy moving again, work patterns and commutes are being looked at in an effort to avoid too many people at work or on public transport at any one time.

But interestingly, this may see a surge in car use as people avoid public transport or other mobility options, such as car sharing. “Due to COVID-19, we have all experienced an unexpected global workfrom-home experiment and this has encouraged many businesses to consider future travel arrangements moving forwards,” comments Lee Brown. “Interestingly, this could result in more people using their cars to get from A to B, as it offers protected personal space to travel in. We may also see less car sharing as people are anxious of others joining them in a confined space, or can no longer travel together because they work at different times of the day.” But as people look to replace meetings with conference calling for the foreseeable future, this could result in people’s daily mileage being reduced. Lee believes

that this could make electric vehicles a viable option for more people. He explains: “Now that we have grown accustomed to online meetings, many people will challenge the need to drive long distances when they can meet with a click of the mouse – avoiding losing a day of work to attend a two hour meeting. And if conference calls are replacing those longer distance meetings, the EV battery range issues are suddenly less of a concern which, alongside other incentives, could be the trigger that sparks a surge in EV uptake.” New tax benefits As of April 2020, the Benefit-in-Kind tax rate for full battery electric vehicles was reduced to 0% for tax year 2020-21. Company car drivers will then pay 1% in 2021-22 before returning to the planned 2% rate in 2022-23. E Issue 127 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Panel of Experts: EVs

 How will this drive demand for electric company cars and has the pandemic hampered the expected boost in demand? Lee Brown said: “The environmental benefits from lockdown coincide with a benefit in kind tax regime that hugely incentivises the uptake of electric vehicles and could enhance the boost in demand. “We have been working with customers to look at whole life costs of electric vehicles and the financial benefits during the course of a typical three year cycle make them a mouth-watering proposition to both company and driver. If drivers are likely to use video technology more, hence reducing their travel, it could mean battery electric vehicles are seen as the perfect option.” The limited availability of such vehicles caused by the shutdown of vehicle manufacturing plants however could mean demand outstrips supply. Peter Eldridge explains: “The situation regarding Benefit in Kind tax rates for BEVs is a bit like opening a sweet shop with no sweets. On one hand, employees can see the obvious benefit of potentially experiencing savings of 95% or more over a four-year period by choosing an EV as their next company car instead of, say, a diesel of comparative value. On the flip side, the availability of ultra-low emission vehicles has been negatively affected by the global shutdown of vehicle production and this means that demand will outstrip supply for the immediate future.” Peter continues: “Fleet operators will be under immense pressure to fulfil the demand and plan for the impact that this will have on their company car policies. What will probably happen is that they will have to perform a juggling act and maintain a ‘blended’ approach that will align the best available mix of powertrain options from BEVs, other ultralow emissions options, and petrol and diesel.” While the tax benefits are enticing, the economic downturn caused by the pandemic may mean businesses are more cost-conscious when making purchasing decisions. Colin Ferguson says: “Companies will certainly be more cautious about investment at the moment. Therefore, it is up to the industry as a whole to build the business case for them, to show them that EVs can deliver a strong financial return on investment as well as an environmental one. The ability to analyse fleet data to provide hard evidence on how an organisation should deploy EVs will become even more valuable.” Grants Incentives to drive the adoption of electric vehicles is vital. While the vehicles, technology and infrastructure remains costly, grants and incentives help drive the market, which in turn will help drive purchase prices down. But as the market grows and evolves, monetary incentives reduce. In the 2020 Budget, the UK government reduced the workplace charging grant from £500 to £350 per socket and has reduced the plug in car grant by £500. With the government under pressure to meet net zero carbon targets, should they be reducing incentives to purchase EVs?

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“It may be a bit too soon to be reducing these types of grants,” comments Lee Brown. “However the £500 charging grant was for up to 20 sockets, and the £350 is for 40 sockets and so it’s encouraging greater volumes. “In May we also saw the Government doubling the funding available for on-street residential charge points to encourage greener forms of travel as lockdown restrictions are lifted. “Transport secretary Grant Shapps said the Government will commit a further £10 million to the scheme, allowing local authorities to install up to 7,200 devices. “The funding had already doubled from £5m to £10m in January 2020. “In my mind they are clearly using grants tactically to encourage electric vehicle uptake in both the business and consumer sectors, and the reality is it’s not a bottomless pit of money and so they have to target the grants where they will see most impact.”

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Peter Eldridge says that while it unfortunate that the grants have been reduced, whole life costs are more of a focus when fleets acquire vehicles. He explains: “Any contribution towards promoting these vehicles is welcome but fleets tend to acquire cars on a whole life cost basis, so the story is more about the running costs or the lease rates over the life of the vehicle. These are becoming much more competitive for both BEVs and plug-in hybrids, and the grant reductions will probably have a limited impact on corporate uptake of these kinds of vehicles, which is going to be more about availability in the medium term. The incentive that the Government is offering in terms of zero Benefit in Kind taxation for drivers is much more important.” The industry has a role to play in incentivising electric vehicles, especially as government grants dry up. Colin Ferguson explains: “A sliding scale of incentives is to be expected as the EV market develops and


Panel of Experts: EVs

reduction in lithium ion battery energy caused by onboard systems that stay active while a vehicle is not in use, such as security systems and low-level computer systems. This can be easily remedied by the adoption of regular charging intervals while the vehicles are standing for longer than normal periods and, assuming that re-charging in the home location is available, there should be no issues. Clear guidance regarding this subject must be provided by fleet operators for BEV drivers." L

Final thoughts Lee Brown Now that we have grown accustomed to online meetings, many people will challenge the need to drive long distances when they can meet with a click of the mouse – avoiding losing a day of work to attend a two hour meeting. And if conference calls are replacing those longer distance meetings, the EV battery range issues are suddenly less of a concern, which, alongside other incentives, could be the trigger that sparks a surge in EV uptake.

grows; and smarter solutions can fill this gap. It is up to suppliers in this sector – from charging installers to optimisation software specialists – to work together and combine their offerings to give clients an even better customer experience. That will drive further demand. We would therefore love to see Government funding for demonstrator projects, where selected fleets can trial some of these integrated or combined solutions in order to confirm the benefits they can deliver.” EVs during lockdown With many businesses working from home during lockdown and not using their vehicles as much, drivers should make sure their electric vehicles remain in optimal condition while stationary. Lee Brown shares some advice: “We would recommend drivers ensure that the battery is charged to at least 80%, if it’s likely to be left stationary for a prolonged

period of time. If the car is left for a long period with a low charge drivers’ risk potential damage to the battery with the chance of reduced range or capacity.” But it’s important to strike a balance, warns Lee: “Neither do you want to overcharge it, nor charge it unnecessarily for the occasional short journey, and do not leave it charging on 100% as this could also cause damage. “It is important that BEV vehicles are still switched on once every two weeks the same as ICE vehicles to make sure the batteries haven’t gone flat, even if this is just for a couple of minutes each time. Every battery and manufacturer is different and our advice is to refer to the owner’s manual as to what the manufacturer recommendation is.” Peter Eldridge adds further advice: “The heart of any electric vehicle is its battery and power drain is one of the more noticeable side effects if a BEV remains parked for an extended period. This drain is a slow

Colin Ferguson Companies will certainly be more cautious about investment at the moment. Therefore, it is up to the industry as a whole to build the business case for them, to show them that EVs can deliver a strong financial return on investment as well as an environmental one. The ability to analyse fleet data to provide hard evidence on how an organisation should deploy EVs will become even more valuable. Peter Eldridge There is no doubt that the COVID19 lockdown has resulted in a sudden improvement in air quality and the majority of fleet operators would ideally like to use this as a springboard for accelerating their path towards a greener future. However, the reality is that they will be hampered by the availability of ultra-low emission vehicles, something that was already affecting environmental targets prior to the pandemic.

Issue 127 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Fuel

E10 petrol: a stepping stone to zero emission vehicles To reduce CO2 emissions from petrol vehicles and to help meet emission reduction targets, the government is set to introduce E10 petrol at forecourts in 2021. Cenex’s Fergus Worthy explains This is why it is important any introduction of E10 is rolled out with targeted communications activity and public engagement at the forefront. Labelling at the pump is crucial as it will be seen by all consumers while refuelling; it needs to clearly communicate what E10 is, what the environmental benefits are and that it will not affect vehicle performance. E10 petrol is already standard in a number of countries across Europe, including France (since 2009), Finland, Belgium and The Netherlands, and represents a growing share of the market. Vehicles made for the UK market have been E10 compatible since 2011, and there will be no need to alter existing infrastructure or pump operation, suggesting that the transition will be a smooth one. To aid the transition when introduced, E10 needs to be widely available and become the default as quickly as possible on forecourts, with appropriate retailers providing E5 for older vehicles. It is noted that leading fuel suppliers have already given express assurances that E5 will still be available to purchase at many forecourts for those concerned. A phased introduction will give retailers the flexibility to introduce E10 at their own pace, but this must be over a short period of time to avoid confusion and bring the environmental benefits around earlier.

Future considerations In the future, there may be the potential to move to higher Petrol bioethanol blends with lower blended emissions than E10, though trials will need to assess with 10 potential impacts on vehicle cent ren per efficiency and maintenance. ew

Obstacles to overcome Petrol blended with 10 per cent renewably sourced ably sourced bioethanol is a b i o e t h is a pra practical lower ctical lo anol emission solution for e wer m ission s drivers, but limited o l u for two main reasons. for driv tion ers Firstly, bioethanol is less energy intensive than conventional petrol however a rise from E5 to E10 is unlikely to be noticeable to consumers as other factors, such as driving style, have a greater impact on fuel consumption. Second, some vehicles may not be compatible with stronger blends of bioethanol, or it may invalidate the manufacturer’s warranty; Cenex estimates that 600,000 vehicles (predominantly older and classic cars) in the UK would be affected by the transition to E10, though this number will fall as they are removed from the roads.

For Cenex the next major trend is not about higher blends though, it is about looking towards the 2035 phase out date of petrol and diesel vehicles, or possibly even earlier. Battery and hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles are proving reliable, viable solutions for low emission transport. When looking at net zero and clean transport, the electricity to charge and hydrogen to fuel these vehicles must be generated from renewable energy to minimise vehicle emissions and maximise decarbonisation of transport and energy systems. The next five to ten years will see a significant increase in electric vehicle uptake as the technology continues to improve, vehicle choices increase, and costs fall which will make them an increasingly attractive, cost-effective proposition for consumers at all levels of society. It is also important to see increased investment in active travel, public transport, and shared mobility schemes such as car clubs to reduce private car mileage and therefore emissions and congestion. In the meantime, E10 will achieve significant reductions in CO2 with no disruption to the UK’s transport infrastructure and will play a significant part in helping the UK achieve its net zero emissions targets. L

Written by Fergus Worthy, General Manager for Scotland, at Cenex

The transport sector remains the largest contributor of greenhouse gases, responsible for 28 per cent of all domestic emissions in the UK, and an estimated 40,000 deaths each year are thought to be linked to poor air quality. To reduce CO2 emissions from petrol vehicles and to help meet emission reduction targets, the government is set to introduce E10 petrol at forecourts throughout the UK in 2021, following an open consultation earlier this year. Using E10 petrol (10 per cent bioethanol mix) instead of the current E5 petrol (five per cent bioethanol mix) could reduce road transport CO2 emissions by two per cent annually (750,000 tonnes of CO2), equivalent to taking 350,000 cars off the UK roads. For comparison, diesel is already run at higher blends, typically between B7-B10 (7-10 per cent biodiesel; ‘B’ to differentiate from petrol’s ‘E’) at the pumps, while some fleets use bunkered fuel at B20 or B30. The evidence suggests that E10 is a viable and effective stepping stone in the decarbonisation of the UK transport network. Tackling emissions from transport is key to achieving the 2050 carbon targets, and electric vehicles will play a significant role in a net zero future. Pushing for zero tailpipe emission passenger vehicles as quickly as possible should be a priority but, while petrol vehicles remain in the vehicle parc in the short to medium term, they need to use the cleanest, lowest emission fuel available.

Fergus Worthy is General Manager for Scotland at Cenex. Cenex specialises in low emission transport & infrastructure and operates as an independent, not-for-profit research technology organisation and consultancy. FURTHER INFORMATION www.cenex.co.uk

Issue 127 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

23


Road Test

FIRST DRIVE

Volkswagen Passat GTE

Written by Richard Gooding

Before the arrival of the new all-electric model era, Volkswagen has freshened up the plug-in hybrid version of its mid-size Passat. Richard Gooding finds that a longer all-electric range is just one of the benefits What is it? Few may realise it, but the Passat is Volkswagen’s longest-running nameplate in current use. First appearing in 1973, over 30 million have since been sold. The eighth-generation model was introduced in 2014 and its new MQB modular platform brought a host of innovations. The perky yet parsimonious plug-in hybrid GTE arrived in 2015, and an extensively revised model went on sale in the summer of 2019. Volkswagen UK has high hopes for the updated car. The previous GTE accounted for one in ten UK Passat sales, but the improved car is expected to make up a quarter of the big VW’s registrations. That means one in four Passats will be the plug-in hybrid version. How does it drive? A traditional Volkswagen trait, the Passat PHEV has subtly evolved looks over its petrol and diesel relatives, and the car it replaces. Outside, the signature ‘C’-shaped front LED running lights are much more prominent, and along with the blue brake calipers, are the most notable changes. The range-topping GTE Advance on test here gains wheels an inch larger than the 17-inch ‘Nivelle’ rims fitted to the entry-level GTE. Less stylised ‘GTE’ badges also mark out the newcomer. Inside, the cabin appears much as before, but that’s no bad thing. A spacious place of comfort and quality, material quality is high, and logically placed controls make for good ergonomics. Things are much the same as before under the bonnet, too, with a 1.4-litre 148bhp petrol engine mated to an 85kW/114bhp electric motor. System output is 215bhp, but arguably the most beneficial change is the increased energy content in the battery, now rated at 13kWh up from 9.9kWh. Simpler driving modes also typify the new model. Three, rather than the five of the

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previous car are now available, the ‘Battery which translates into a range of between Hold’ and ‘Battery Charge’ functions now 33 and 36 miles of zero-emission distance incorporated into the ‘Hybrid’ mode. ‘E-Mode’ under the WLTP testing regime. Under the gives purely electric driving, ‘GTE’ unleashes previous NEDC testing cycle measurements, the power of the petrol engine and the electric the increase is more marked, the new model motor, and ‘Hybrid’ automatically switches recording an all-electric range of 43 miles between the two sources. The car rolls off in compared to the old car’s 31 miles. E-Mode and can be emission-free up to 87mph, whereupon the TSI petrol engine is supported How long does it take to charge? by the electric motor. Full-on GTE mode Two charging cables – 16A AC for home gives brisk performance – the car reaches wallbox/public charge points and a 10A mains 62mph from rest in 7.4 seconds – and also socket AC Type 2 – are included with the Passat adds a more dynamic feel to the accelerator GTE. The charging socket is under a flap in the pedal, shifts from the six-speed DSG gearbox, front grille, and using a 230V mains supply, and the steering, as well as producing a the battery is refilled in around five hours. sportier engine note. As well as plugging in That time falls to around three hours and 30 to charge, the Passat GTE’s battery can be minutes with a 7.6kW wallbox or 360V supply. refilled on the move, by either the TSI petrol The battery charger integrated into the car engine or by brake energy recuperation. manages the charging automatically. Out on the road the Passat GTE impresses with its high level of refinement. The What does it cost? switchover between electric motor and petrol Just as with the original model, Volkswagen has engine is almost seamless, and even at lower kept it simple with the latest Passat GTE. Only speeds the all-electric running is very smooth. two trims are available: entry-level GTE and the The car’s looks largely promise what its driving more technology-laden GTE Advance on test experience delivers – handsome comfort, a here. The comprehensively-equipped GTE starts refined cruiser, and a grown-up ride, all with a from £36,790 and includes 3Zone electronic little more pace when it’s needed. A technology air conditioning, an 8.0-inch boost is also a big selling point of the new ‘Discover Navigation’ Passat, with a suite of driver assistance colour touchscreen s systems that allow the car to drive in infotainment system p a h Per t s a partially automated mode, and with Bluetooth, o m e h recognise both temporary and Android Auto and one of t visions to e r permanent speed limits, as well as Apple CarPlay t n a t r impo Passat GTE is kerbs and grass verges. connectivity, the new ement of the blue ambient ov What range does it have? the impr -electric Perhaps one of the most all important revisions to the new range Passat GTE is the improvement of the all-electric range. Energy capacity of the lithium-ion battery has been increased by 31 per cent to 13kWh,

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interior lighting and contrast upholstery stitching, a GTE-specific instrument cluster, and leather upholstery. In addition, a three-year subscription to Volkswagen’s ‘We Connect’ vehicle-based services is also standard, which allows for online and remote connectivity and navigation functions via a compatible mobile device. The GTE Advance starts at £39,480 and adds 18-inch grey metallic ‘Monterrey’ alloy wheels, a 9.2-inch Discover Navigation Pro touchscreen infotainment system (with voice control for telephone and navigation functions, a 3D map view and a 64GB SSD hard drive), keyless entry with electric opening of the boot, ‘IQ Light’ LED matrix headlights with condition-specific lighting functions, and a 10.25-inch ‘Active Info Display’ TFT screen ahead of the driver. Estate versions of both the GTE and GTE Advance are also available, priced at £38,760 and £41,450 respectively. The more capacious load-luggers offer an additional 64 litres of cargo space over their saloon siblings. All Volkswagen Passat GTEs are not eligible for the Government’s Plug-In Car Grant (PICG) due to their all-electric range being less than 70 miles. Offering better value and an enhanced specification, the new Passat GTEs are around £2,300 cheaper than the previous models to wear the badge.

Why does my fleet need one? As with the previous model and other plug-in hybrids, if your driving consists of more longer journeys than shorter ones, you’ll enjoy little of the Passat GTE’s zero-emission advantages. But, the petrol-electric powertrain means range anxiety doesn’t exist, and the longer electric, zero-emission range is to be welcomed. As is the price reduction with the arrival of the revised model. The enhanced specification and focus on assisted driving technology also bring appreciative benefits as well as a futuristic tilt to the package. As before, that package is beautifully built and very spacious, and one with very few shortcomings. L

How much does it cost to tax? As they are classed as ‘alternatively-fuelled vehicles’ (AFVs), all plug-in hybrid Passat GTEs are exempt from the first year VED charge. In the second year – and if the list price is kept under £40,000 – the standard VED rate of £150 is reduced to £140 by way of the £10 AFV discount. If the car is specified and priced over £40,000, a £465 annual rate is levied. With low emissions, all versions of the Volkswagen Passat GTE sit in the 10 per cent Benefit In Kind (BIK) rate band.

ELECTRIC RANGE (WLTP): 36-38 miles

FURTHER INFORMATION www.volkswagen.co.uk

Volkswagen Passat GTE Advance ENGINE:

1,395cc four-cylinder turbocharged petrol engine, 85kW/114bhp electric motor, 13kWh lithium-ion battery

MPG (WLTP, combined): CO2 (WLTP):

215.8 30g/km

VED:

£0 first-year, £140 thereafter

BIK:

10%

PRICE (OTR):

£39,480 (including VAT, £41,285 as tested)

The eighth-generation of Volkswagen’s popular Golf was unveiled in October 2019, with an array of petrol, diesel, and new mild-hybrid petrol engines. Just as with the outgoing car, a plug-in hybrid GTE model will be part of the range, but the all-electric e-Golf will not be replaced. Instead, its place will be taken by the long-awaited all-new Volkswagen ID 3 which will be launched in the summer, and spearheads the company’s transition to e-mobility.

Road Test

New Golf plug-in

The new Golf GTE arrives later this year and will follow much the same recipe as the model first introduced in 2015, with a 1.4-litre petrol engine mated to an electric motor but with the addition of the Passat GTE’s 13kWh battery. Power has increased, though, and matches the 242bhp of the outgoing Golf GTI Performance. All-electric range is also up – to 37 miles – while GPS and route data are incorporated into the car’s powertrain control. Optional IQ Drive technology – also seen on the new Passat GTE – includes a Travel Assist system, which provides active steering, accelerating and braking. The car’s ‘Innovision Cockpit’ consists of both a 10.25-inch driver instrument display and a 10-inch navigation system, and a six-speed DSG gearbox developed for hybrid drive will also be standard.

Issue 127 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

25


Road Test Written by Richard Gooding

Ford Mondeo Estate Vignale Hybrid Among a barrage of SUVs, the Ford Mondeo resolutely stands its family car ground. Ahead of big electrification plans, Richard Gooding discovers that the addition of an estate body style to the Mondeo’s hybrid range expands Ford’s electrified reach a little practically further What is it? The Ford Mondeo was launched amid great fanfare in 1993, and over the past 27 years has become a by-word for family saloons, the New Labour party even coining the phrase ‘Mondeo man’ in the 1990s. Over three subsequent generations, the market for family cars has shifted beyond all recognition, with SUVs now finding favour for ferrying passengers and luggage, but many believe that cars like the Mondeo still have a place, however small, for business users. The first Mondeo was first electrified in 2014, but only in saloon guise, the estate version not appearing until 2019. The body style might be a new addition to the Mondeo Hybrid range, but the powertrain technology is much as before, the enhanced refinement of the petrol engine being the only noticeable change. How does it drive? The Mondeo Estate Hybrid’s appearance in range-topping Vignale trim is certainly upmarket. The hexagonal-patterned grille and external chrome finishes lift it above less plush Mondeos, the no-cost Vignale Premium Chrome Blue paintwork lending it an understated but classy air. Inside, it’s a similar story, the quilted leather seats and glossy surfaces creating an impression of opulence. There’s also a leatherlike dashboard covering and more chrome finishes, and the 10-way power adjustable driver and passenger seats mean there’s little danger of not feeling comfortable.

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The hybrid Mondeo’s powertrain consists of highest engine torque at the lowest speeds for a 2.0-litre Atkinson cycle, four-cylinder petrol efficiency and performance. And on the whole, engine with independent variable camshaft it works. In urban environments, the all-electric timing, mated to a rear-mounted 88kW running is smooth, too, if not that long-lasting, electric motor and 1.4kWh lithium-ion battery. once the accelerator pedal is pressed. The electric motor is coupled to a generator A ‘self-charging’ hybrid – there is no plug-in in a transaxle which splits power between option – the Mondeo Hybrid’s battery is the petrol engine, the electric motor itself or charged from excess energy when braking or engages them both at once. The automatic cruising, and the regenerative braking has been CVT transmission uses a planetary gearset, improved since the original model of 2015, with in a similar set-up to that which Toyota uses up to 90 per cent of hitherto wasted energy in its hybrid range. Just like other Mondeos, recaptured. Ford’s ‘Brake Coach’ encourages the hybrid model is front-wheel drive, and gradual braking to harvest even more, and an enjoys the same positive dynamic ability that ‘L’ (low) gear mode maximises engine braking modern Fords are known for, even if at a slightly for short periods. An ‘EcoSelect’ driving mode muted level due to the car’s 1,716kg weight. promotes greater economy and electricallyTotal system power is 184bhp, which seems powered on-board systems – power steering, a fair amount for such a large car, but Ford as well as vacuum and water pumps – also has set up the Mondeo Hybrid predominantly help with energy efficiency. A for economy. And that’s perhaps to be host of graphical gauges The expected in a car which wears a and read-outs both is ‘hybrid’ badge, but the pace can be ahead of the driver y r e t t a b found wanting in some instances. and on the central m o fr At speed, though, the car is infotainment display charged gy when r e supremely refined, but press the monitor efficiency. n e excess or cruising, accelerator pedal and the petrol The loss of some engine becomes quite vocal. It’s of the Mondeo braking enerative better to get up to speed and Estate’s practicality and reg has been cruise, and that’s one thing the is one of the braking roved Mondeo Hybrid is very good at. In biggest drawbacks imp Vignale specification, the Mondeo of the transition to Hybrid is almost whisper quiet. The a hybrid. The battery revised hybrid powertrain adjusts the pack is mounted under the transmission ratios seamlessly and employs the boot floor, and there is a very

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How economical is it? Ford quotes official fuel economy figures of between 47.9mpg and 51.4mpg on the Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP) cycle. Over the course of a week, we achieved an average of 41.4mpg in real-world driving conditions. What does it cost? The Ford Mondeo Hybrid is available in four versions and two body styles, a four-door saloon or five-door estate. The four-door Zetec Edition Hybrid starts things off at £26,655, and includes 17-inch alloy wheels, cruise control, dual-zone climate control, front and rear parking sensors, LED daytime running lights and tail lamps, Traffic Sign Recognition, as well as an 8-inch SYNC 3 colour touchscreen infotainment system. The £28,495 Titanium Edition Hybrid adds 18-inch wheels, auto lights and wipers, an auto-dimming interior mirror, ‘premium’ leather seats and a 10-inch colour TFT driver’s instrument display. The £29,795 ST-Line Edition adds an ST-Line body kit, 19-inch alloy wheels, aluminium pedals, front partial leather sports seats, rear privacy glass, and sports suspension. The top-of-the-tree Vignale Hybrid is the most luxurious Mondeo available with prices starting at £32,395. Showcasing hand-finished craftmanship, the Mondeo Vignale offers specific exterior styling details and a special range of colours, ambient interior lighting, a heated steering wheel, LED adaptive headlights, a powered tailgate and rear view camera, a Sony audio system with 12 speakers, as well as integrated active noise control, which uses three cabin microphones to monitor engine noise in the interior. Opposing sound waves are then fed through the car’s audio system to cancel out engine noise. The Mondeo Estate Hybrid models cost around £1,500 more than the four-door

saloon prices quoted here, with the Vignale Estate tested pegged at £33,795. How much does it cost to tax? At £165 for the first year, the 127g/km, four-door Zetec Edition is the cheapest Ford Mondeo Hybrid in respect of Vehicle Excise Duty (VED). This reverts to £140 in the years thereafter, as the hybrid Mondeo is classed as an ‘alternatively-fuelled vehicle’ (AFV), and so invites the £10 AFV discount off the £150 standard rate. The range-topping 134g/km Mondeo Estate Hybrid Vignale costs £205 in VED during the first year, once again dropping to £140 in the following years. Benefit In Kind is currently 29 per cent for the Vignale version of the large hybrid Ford. Why does my fleet need one? At odds with the current trend for high-riding SUVs, the Mondeo represents the old guard, the traditional family ferrying car. And for some, that equation still adds up. Spacious and nicely finished (especially in Vignale guise), the Mondeo Estate Hybrid is a very satisfying cruiser. There’s no doubt its hybrid powertrain improves fuel consumption over a nonhybridised petrol Mondeo, but that’s theoretical anyway, as there isn’t one. However, in most circumstances, an EcoBlue diesel model would offer both better economy and performance, the hybrid still having the upper hand when it comes to taxation. Improved quality and a high level of refinement are supreme selling points, but there’s little denying a plug-in hybrid drivetrain would add benefits when it comes to efficiency and running costs. Unrivalled in its segment, as it stands, there’s a lot to like about the opulent-feeling and comfortable petrolelectric Mondeo. However, when it comes to the hybrid powertrain, there’s significant untapped potential, too. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.ford.co.uk

Ford Mondeo Estate Vignale Hybrid

Road Test

obvious step when loading in large items. Laden to the roof with the rear seats up, the hybrid Mondeo Estate holds only 633 litres, down from the 755 litres of its diesel-engined siblings.

ENGINE: 1,999cc 184bhp four-cylinder petrol engine, 118bhp/88kW electric motor, 1.4kWh lithium-ion battery CO2 (WLTP):

134g/km

NOx:

27mg/km

MPG (WLTP):

47.9-51.4

GF MPG: VED:

41.4

£205 first-year, £140 thereafter

BIK:

29%

PRICE (OTR):

£33,795 (including VAT, £35,540 as tested)

Ford’s electrified future

Ford might have been late to the electrification party, but it is now on course to electrify more than 50 per cent of its range by the end of 2022, the date at which it expects the tipping point of electrified versus petrol and diesel powertrains to have been reached. In addition to the Mondeo Hybrid, the new Puma and Kuga SUVs are now available in hybrid versions, the latter extending to a plug-in model. Available to pre-order now, the Mustang Mach-E all-electric SUV marks the company’s first all-electric model since the zeroemission Ford Focus of 2011. The company states that every new Ford passenger vehicle nameplate will include an electrified option in the future – a mild-hybrid, full-hybrid, plug-in hybrid or all-electric – and will launch a total of 17 electrified vehicles in Europe by 2024. By the 2022 tipping point, it expects to have sold one million electrified passenger vehicles. In addition, its light commercial vehicle range will also be electrified. Plug-in and mild hybrid versions of Transit and Transit Custom are already available (along with a PHEV version of the passenger-carrying Tourneo Custom), and a fully electric Transit is mooted to arrive in 2021.

Issue 127 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

27


Advertisement Feature

Four ways vehicle tracking enhances customer service Customer service is at the forefront of a fleet manager’s mind, now more than ever. But how can a vehicle tracking system help you stand out from the crowd? Here are four ways

Whether the coronavirus pandemic has meant a busier or quieter schedule than usual for businesses - all are aiming to provide a first-class service at this time. Outstanding customer service that builds loyalty, provides value and encourages recommendations, is today’s competitive advantage. Usually, customers have many choices available to satisfy a need. If we experience bad service with a supplier, we’re likely to take our business elsewhere. But how can a vehicle tracking system help you stand out from the crowd? Giving your customers live updates We’ll start with the obvious – a tracking system shows you exactly where your vehicles are at any time. If you have a large fleet, you can use custom vehicle icons for faster identification on your live tracking map. This way, you can respond to questions about your driver’s whereabouts in an instant, without needing to contact them to find out. You can also use the system to provide useful updates to your customers, such as letting them know when to expect your driver or notifying them of any delay. Many companies use geofencing features to alert them when their vehicles are approaching a depot, allowing time to prepare the next delivery or required information for the driver and minimising down-time between jobs. Quartix geofencing alerts can be sent to multiple email addresses, including your customers, so they can be used to really make your customer service stand out. If you regularly deliver goods or provide services to a particular customer, you can establish a geofence that extends a kilometre around their site so that they are alerted when your driver enters their zone. Providing an efficient service Having easy access to your vehicle tracking data means any queries regarding dates, trips and timings can be answered at the click of a button – no more sifting through paper files. Vehicle tracking reports such as daily driver logs can assist you with billing and efficiently settle any disputes. Route maps can highlight any overlap among your fleet and help you to plan efficiently, so that you get to customers quickly and complete more jobs in the day. The Quartix vehicle tracking system allows you to label frequently visited places,

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such as customer locations or suppliers, for easier identification in your reports. For urgent jobs, you can look up the postcode and see your vehicles in order of their distance from that live location. This enables you to quickly select the nearest driver with the right equipment and skills. Customers will appreciate the speed of service you are able to provide. Operating a safe and accountable fleet When new business tenders or large projects arise, your business can demonstrate efforts to reduce carbon emissions and an investment in improving driver behaviour. Unique to the Quartix system, users can report on whether drivers are complying with legal speed limits and assesses whether they are driving at safe speeds for specific stretches of road. Another benefit of a vehicle tracking system is driver accountability. If there are any disputes around the time that work was completed, your customers will appreciate the solid proof a vehicle tracking system is able to provide regarding the vehicle’s location at any given time. Creating more time to focus on your customers A vehicle tracking system can help you drive down unnecessary costs for your business, leaving more money to invest in your customer service. One way to do this is to understand how your vehicles are being driven and use

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that information to reduce fuel consumption. Reports that monitor daily routes and assess driving styles can impact fuel costs in a positive way, by highlighting unnecessary miles and excessive idling, acceleration or braking. Helping a driver to improve their driving style can lower fuel costs by up to 25 per cent (Frost and Sullivan 2015). What’s more, your vehicles are likely to need fewer repairs and will be kept in a far better condition, allowing you to get the best use out of them. There are further ways that a tracking system can keep costs down and improve productivity for your business. Accurate timesheets, late site arrival and early departure alerts will reduce undue overtime claims and ensure your customers are billed for the correct hours. You can feed all these valuable reports into your own business systems, including payroll, freeing employees to focus on the job and not on paperwork. With the aid of a vehicle tracking system and all it’s useful features, it’s likely that you’ll have more time and resources to focus on providing an excellent service to your customers. For more information about Quartix vehicle tracking call 01686 806 663 – we will be happy to help you decide which option is best for your business. L FURTHER INFORMATION enquiries@quartix.net www.quartix.com/en-gb/ 01686 806 663


MAY 2020

DRIVING THE SWITCH TO CLEANER COMMERCIAL FLEETS

NEWS

EXPERT PANEL

E-Cargo Bikes

ELECTRIC VANS

UPCOMING ELECTRIC VANS

A round-up of new electric vans soon to hit the showrooms

Issue 127 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Commercial Vehicle News

FTA’s Natalie Chapman COVID-19: How is it impacting air quality policies? Natalie Chapman, Head of Urban Policy, FTA

The lockdown of the UK to prevent the spread of Covid-19 has had a positive impact on air quality, with results showing large reductions in air pollution across cities nationwide. Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff and London have seen substantial improvements with levels of nitrogen dioxide declining at around 30-40% from the pre-UK outbreak period 1 January – 10 February to the mid-outbreak period of 15 February – 25 March. And while FTA supports the long term need to improve air quality, we are urging government at a national and local level to reconsider the impact they will have on industry in the wake of this unprecedented event Due to the outbreak of Covid-19, the logistics sector, like many other industries, is currently facing major challenges. Recognised by government as key workers, logistics staff are focusing their efforts on ensuring the supply chain continues to run efficiently and effectively to service the public, supermarkets and the NHS with the essential items needed during this pandemic. As a result, FTA’s Chief Executive, David Wells, recently wrote to MP George Eustice, Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs to request a delay in the introduction of Clean Air Zones (CAZs); we were pleased to see that, following this communication, the introduction of these schemes has been delayed across the country. With the industry focused on the immediate and urgent needs of the supply chain, the government – on the advice of FTA – recognised that it would be beneficial for other business disruptions to be kept to a minimum at this time. And with many companies experiencing financial difficulties as a result of the outbreak, it would have been unreasonable to expect businesses to bear the time-critical, costly implications of upgrading their fleets to meet the emission standards required of CAZs at this juncture. FTA is now focusing its attention on recently issued government guidance which directs councils to reallocate road space for cyclists and pedestrians. While FTA supports the government’s ambition to encourage active travel and social distancing, the guidance overlooks access for those who keep our cities supplied with everything they need: logistics operators and their vehicles. The plans do not provide the scope required to ensure the industry can continue to supply its customers safely and effectively. FTA has written to Transport Minister Baroness Vere to request urgent clarification on several areas including this one, all of which are key to safe and efficient logistics movements throughout our cities – more on this topic in FTA’s column next month. While FTA recognises and supports the need to improve air quality, CAZs would have required change at a time when the industry is already facing much disruption. With air pollution already improving in our cities as a result of the nationwide shutdown, it would, in FTA’s opinion, be more beneficial to revisit these schemes at a time when industry can focus more attention and resources to enable more successful, longer-term outcomes. And, while FTA and its members also support the government’s ambition to boost cycling and walking, we must ensure any reallocation of road space considers the needs of logistics businesses to provide the greatest benefit to society, air quality and logistics alike.

FURTHER INFORMATION For more information about FTA and its work, including its research into the impacts of COVID-19 on the supply chain, please visit www.fta.co.uk.

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HGV REGISTRATIONS

UK’s HGV market down 22.5 per cent in Q1 2020 SMMT figures have show that the UK’s new heavy goods vehicle (HGV) market fell -22.5% in the first quarter of 2020, with 9,193 units registered. Registrations of rigid trucks fell -12.0, driven by a doubledigit percentage decline in the >16T truck segment, while trucks weighing >616T saw a lesser -5.8% fall in registrations. Meanwhile, demand for articulated heavy trucks declined by more than a third, down -34.5% as 3,613 vehicles joined UK roads. While tractors continue to make up the majority of HGV registrations with more than 3,500 vehicles registered, nearly all segments saw double-digit declines in the first quarter of the year. Elsewhere, refuse disposal and curtain sided vehicles experienced increased demand, up 24.4% and 1.2% respectively, likely due to ramped up essential services such as rubbish collection and supermarket and warehouse deliveries amid

a nationwide pandemic. The only nation to see an increase in demand during the quarter was Wales, where registrations of heavy goods vehicles were up by over a fifth, growing 20.8% to 354 units. Across the rest of the country, fewer HGVs joined roads, with England and Northern Ireland experiencing -24.9% and -20.5% declines respectively. Mike Hawes, SMMT Chief Executive, said: “While fluctuating fleet buying cycles can have a pronounced effect on this market, heavy goods manufacturers have had to adjust business practices during lockdown period just like any other business. As we prepare for a cross-industry restart, we need to restore operator confidence to boost fleet renewal, in order to get more of the latest high-tech, low emission vehicles onto our roads.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/y9jy52df

EMERGENCY SERVICES

Electric Nissan ambulance for Tokyo Fire Department The Tokyo Fire Department has taken on a Nissan NV400 electric ambulance. The project is the result of a collaboration between Nissan, the Tokyo Fire Department and the Tokyo Metropolitan Government, and is part of the city’s Zero Emission Tokyo initiative. The Nissan EV Ambulance is equipped with an electric stretcher that enables ease of operations for ambulance staff. The noise and vibration levels in the vehicle are significantly lower in comparison with a traditional ICE-powered vehicle, helping reduce negative impact on patients as well as on staff handling sensitive equipment. Two lithium-ion battery packs support its EV capabilities (33 kilowatt-hours) with an additional battery (8 kWh) allowing longer use of electrical equipment and the air- conditioning system. The ambulance can also turn into a

mobile source of power in case of a power outage or natural disaster. The Nissan EV Ambulance is based on a converted Nissan NV400 currently on sale in Europe. “Nissan strongly believes in sustainable mobility and strives to contribute to a world with zero emissions and zero fatalities,” said Ashwani Gupta, representative executive officer and chief operation officer at Nissan. “This project is another great example of our efforts to enhance accessibility of eco-friendly vehicles to local communities.”

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CORONAVIRUS

Calor takes on zero-emission FUSO eCanter for London deliveries

LENS launched to help hauliers during pandemic

Gas supplier Calor has taken delivery of an electric FUSO eCanter to deliver its bottled butane and propane to customers in central London. The truck is based at Calor’s depot in Wandsworth, south-west London, and spends much of its time working inside the city’s Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ). The company’s National Vehicle Engineering Manager Alan Harrison said: “At Calor we like to move quickly to adopt any new technology that can help our business. The FUSO eCanter is a perfect example – it reduces the impact of our operations on the environment, while also making sound financial sense.” The FUSO light truck range is sold and supported by MercedesBenz Trucks in Great Britain. It has a body and payload allowance of up to 4.5 tonnes and has an electric drivetrain with permanent-magnet motor employs six 420 V and 13.8 kWh lithium-ion batteries, and delivers 129 kW (180 hp) via a single-gear transmission in the rear axle.

To alleviate pressure for haulage operators caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, FTA has partnered with freight exchange platform, Haulage Exchange, to deliver LENS (Logistics Efficiency Network Solution). LENS instantly connects accredited logistics businesses and professionals to loads needing transportation. FTA’s partnership with Haulage Exchange’s smart system gives LENS members the ability to search for loads based on their location and HGV specs (size, body type and available capacity); the system will do the rest of the work by matching suitable loads to carriers. Jerry Kane, FTA’s Commercial Director comments: “We are delighted to be partnering with Haulage Exchange to launch the LENS service for members, which will give operators right across the sector peace of mind that they can continue to operate at the best possible price despite vehicle or work shortages. Haulage Exchange’s expertise in freight exchange underpins the new LENS operation, giving users peace of

“Electric power is a new departure for us, so of course we’ll be monitoring the truck very closely,” continued Mr Harrison. “The environmental benefits are clear, but we are also expecting the eCanter to prove highly economical in terms of its total cost of operation. The early signs are certainly promising.” A single charge gives the eCanter an effective operating range of more than 62 miles (100 km), which is ample for many urban delivery applications. Calor’s vehicle typically covers 30 miles a day, and its batteries are replenished overnight at a recharging point in the depot. Wandsworth Site Leader David Moreno said: “It’s a great vehicle and well suited to this application. The two drivers who have used it so far have responded positively, saying it’s very easy to use.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/yafc6psw

ELECTRIC VANS

Electric vans for Central Bedfordshire Council’s highways inspectors Central Bedfordshire Council has taken on seven new Nissan E NV200 Electric Tekna vans, which will be used by its highways inspectors, replacing diesel vans. The vans, which produce no emissions, have a 40kWh battery which gives a range of up to 187 miles on a single charge. This will help to reduce the council’s carbon footprint, as the officers drive a significant number of miles each year in order to keep the roads across Central Bedfordshire safe for all users. Inspectors will be using the vehicles to collect data on the condition of road surfaces, potholes, drainage, sign visibility and the extent of hedgerow growth, using Vaisala technology. The data recording means roads infrastructure can be monitored, problems spotted earlier, and maintenance work carried out sooner.

The vehicles will also be used to inspect traffic management sites and for supervision of third parties (e.g. gas, water, electricity) when they are working on the public highway. Councillor Steven Dixon, the council’s Executive Member for Transformation and External Relations, said: “These are just the first electrical vehicles we have purchased as a council and we are investigating ways to roll this out further. “We are absolutely committed to becoming more sustainable as an organisation and this latest initiative to replace some of our fleet with electric alternatives is a great example of how we are reducing our carbon footprint, making long-term savings on fuel and improving air quality at the same time.”

READ MORE tinyurl.com/y9wdd23o

mind that loads will arrive on time, at the best possible price, and ensuring minimal disruption to the supply chain during these challenging months.” Lyall Cresswell, Founder and CEO of Haulage Exchange draws attention to how this exciting partnership with FTA will create future opportunities within the transport and logistics sector: “We’re proud to share our innovative solutions with FTA’s membership. Our 20-year legacy in delivering a market-leading freight exchange platform gives FTA members the confidence they need to improve efficiencies and boost profit margins. Along with fast and convenient tools like real-time visibility and eQuotes, our system matches loads to experienced carriers, keeping your supply chains moving.” LENS also gives FTA members the ability to subcontract carriers if they are experiencing staff shortages or have more loads than their capacities allow.

Commercial Vehicle News

ELECTRIC TRUCKS

READ MORE www.fta.co.uk/LENS

HYDROGEN

Volvo and Daimler plan to jointly develop hydrogen trucks Volvo Group and Daimler Trucks have announced plans to form a joint venture to produce heavyduty vehicles with fuel cells for longhaul applications. Joining forces will decrease development costs for both companies and accelerate the market introduction of fuel cell systems in products used for heavyduty transport and demanding long-haul applications. To enable the joint venture, Daimler Trucks is bringing together all group-wide fuel cell activities in a new Daimler Truck fuel cell unit. Part of this bundling of activities is the allocation of the operations of “Mercedes-Benz Fuel Cell GmbH”, which has longstanding experience in the development

of fuel cell and hydrogen storage systems for various vehicle applications, to Daimler Truck AG. The joint venture will include the operations in Nabern/ Germany (currently headquarters of the Mercedes-Benz Fuel Cell GmbH) with production facilities in Germany and Canada. The signed preliminary agreement is non-binding. A final agreement is expected by Q3 and closing before year-end 2020.

READ MORE tinyurl.com/yb9slnbp

May 2020 | COMMERCIAL GREENFLEET

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DAF CF PURE EXCELLENCE

Always Delivering Weight-saving optimisations for higher payloads. Industry-leading fuel efficiency. Unmatched versatility.

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ALTERNATIVE FUELS

Gasrec sees record demand for CNG and LNG Gasrec has recorded a fivefold increase in sales of gas across its commercial vehicle refuelling network in the first quarter of 2020, versus the same period in 2019. This record growth follows an influx of new trucks into the market running on compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquified natural gas (LNG) – with demand in March 2020 exceeding the previous peak of September 2014, at the height of the Euro-5 dual fuel era. James Westcott, Chief Commercial Officer at Gasrec, explains: “The growth we have seen has been phenomenal, with volumes more than doubling between the final quarter of 2019 and the first quarter of 2020. “Registrations of gaspowered 44-tonners has played a big role, together with the general realisation from the industry that gas represents the best opportunity right now to significantly reduce emissions and running costs.” Gasrec now expects its CNG and LNG volumes to flatten temporarily as European truck production is largely halted due to COVID-19, limiting the opportunity for new gas-powered vehicles to enter the market. Looking ahead, Westcott explains: “We work closely with customers to ensure we have the refuelling infrastructure they need in place before new trucks arrive, so we know the

forward order bank is strong. Once production resumes, we fully expect the steep growth trajectory we’re on to return – it’s just been shunted back from one quarter to another.” Gasrec counts three supermarket chains amongst its major customers – recording heavy fleet utilisation during March in the battle to keep shelves and RDCs stocked. “One supermarket we supply doubled its demand for gas inside a week,” reports Westcott. “But that’s been largely balanced, as in other areas we’ve seen a small volume of customer vehicles – those not carrying essential goods – being temporarily parked up.” Demand for gas year-to-date is currently split approximately 70/30 in terms of LNG versus CNG, with LNG proving most popular for vehicles requiring maximum range. Gasrec supplies fleets from a network of eight refuelling facilities, with its flagship 24/7 site at the Daventry International Rail Freight Terminal (DIRFT) – Europe’s largest dedicated natural gas refuelling station – currently running at just over 30 per cent capacity. At maximum utilisation, DIRFT has the capacity to refuel 700 heavy goods vehicles per day.

READ MORE tinyurl.com/y7l7jwfr


DAF XF PURE EXCELLENCE ELECTRIC VANS

National Grid takes delivery of 20 Citroën Berlingo Vans National Grid has taken delivery of 20 Citroën Berlingo Vans to maintain the country’s power network. Based in its Warwick offices, the 20 Citroën Berlingo BlueHDi 75 M Enterprise Vans will travel throughout the UK as part of National Grid’s maintenance fleet. The 20 Berlingo Vans were supplied by Robins & Day Birmingham North, and were chosen by National Grid thanks to their combination of load space, equipment levels and low running costs. The M specification BlueHDi 75 Enterprise Vans come with a payload of up to 1,000kg and a load volume of 3.30m3, making the vans amongst the most versatile and practical in their class. The load capacity is enhanced by the availability of Citroën’s Overload Indicator technology, which alerts drivers when nearing, or exceeding, the maximum payload. David Morss, Corporate Sales Manager for Groupe PSA UK, commented: “We’re very happy to announce that National Grid has chosen Citroën as a

fleet partner. The Berlingo Van continues to win awards for its class-leading space, practicality and low running costs, making it an ideal vehicle to help maintain the country’s electric grid. “National Grid are a valued, long-term customer, but it’s always rewarding to supply a new batch of vans. As a high profile business at the very heart of UK infrastructure, our vans will be very visible on UK roads.” Berlingo Vans achieves up to 54.0mpg (WLTP). The Enterprise specification brings standard equipment including air conditioning, rear parking sensors, cruise control with variable speed limiter, an alarm, electric folding door mirrors, tyre pressure monitoring, EXTENSO® modular folding passenger seat with loadthrough bulkhead, front fog lights, DAB radio with 8-inch colour touchscreen with Android Auto and Apple Car Play™

Always Efficient Setting the standard in driveline excellence. Industry-leading fuel efficiency. Outstanding driver comfort.

READ MORE tinyurl.com/ybvdhyz5

ELECTRIC TRUCKS

An Post in Dublin uses FUSO eCanter for zero emission deliveries Dublin’s postal service An Post is using two FUSO eCanters for zero emission deliveries. It is reported that this makes An Post the very first postal service provider in the world to attain zero carbon emission delivery status within a capital city. The FUSO eCanter has a range of 62 miles, suitable for innercity short-range distribution requirements of its customers. The electric drive system carries a motor (maximum output: 129 kW; maximum torque: 390 Nm) and six highvoltage (with each 420 V and 13.8 kWh) lithium-ion battery packs. With quick-charging stations, the vehicle only takes

approximately one and a half hours to fully recharge. An Post’s use of the vehicles means the FUSO eCanter is now running in ten European cities in Germany, the UK, France, Portugal, the Netherlands, Denmark and Ireland.

Everything you’d expect from the #1 truck brand! WWW.DAF.COM READ MORE tinyurl.com/y946jljz

A PACCAR COMPANY DRIVEN BY QUALITY


Panel of Experts: Logistics

EXPERT PANEL LOGISTICS Commercial vehicle operators have kept essential supplies flowing during the coronavirus pandemic. Our expert panelists discuss what recognition and support the logistics industry should receive, especially when it comes to economic recovery and carbon reducation targets Stuart Thomas, director of fleet and accident management, the AA With more than 20 years’ experience in the fleet sector, Stuart’s extensive knowledge of the industry comes from roles across contract hire, disposal and related fleet services. His experience includes working with organisations including Nissan Finance and Lombard. In 2000, Stuart joined The Automobile Association (AA) and was promoted to the role of director of fleet services, where he is responsible for managing all aspects of the AA’s fleet and small-ormedisum sized (SME) clients. This includes some of the UK’s largest fleets and most diverse business users. In this role, Stuart delivers bespoke contracts and manages a team of more than 35 dedicated account managers, call handlers and sales personnel.

Andy Eastlake, managing director, Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership (LowCVP) Andy Eastlake has been managing director of the Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership since April 2012. He has a background in vehicle engineering, specialising in powertrain developments, fuel economy and emissions. Formerly at Millbrook Proving Ground, Andy led the work on powertrain test and development programmes and alternative fuels for a variety of global OEM customers.

Natalie Chapman, head of urban policy, FTA Natalie Chapman is head of south of England and urban policy at FTA, the largest and most influential business organisation in the logistics sector. Natalie has been an integral part of FTA’s policy team for more than 15 years and campaigns on behalf of its 18,000 members. Her role includes developing relationships and undertaking lobbying activities with the main governmental, political and policy stakeholders. Her focuses include city centre issues, such as Clean Air Zones and out-of-hours deliveries.

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DRIVING THE SWITCH TO CLEANER FLEETS | www.greenfleet.net/commercial

The government’s COVID-19 response plans categorises logistics professionals as “key workers”. While many businesses have been able to work from home, the logistics industry has been working tirelessly to enable the country to function, whether that’s replenishing food stocks at supermarkets, or delivery vital medicine and protective gear to the frontline. This highlights how vitally important the transport and logistics sector is. “Commercial vehicle operators, their drivers and support staff have shown what a vital role they play in keeping food and other essential supplies flowing to where they’re needed,” comments Andy Eastlake, LowCVP’s managing director. “We all owe them a debt of gratitude for doing this in such challenging circumstances. We often refer to the logistic sector as the ‘life blood’ of the economy and in the lockdown it certainly has been. The charts of transport sectors in the daily briefing show how even when everybody stays at home, the HGV fleet keeps on trucking.” Put simply, life as we know it wouldn’t be able to function without the logistics and transport industry. Given their vital role, should the government give the industry more recognition or support? Natalie Chapman, head of urban policy at the FTA believes that commercial vehicle drivers deserve to have a decent working environment which includes access to welfare facilities and safe, secure places to park their vehicles. Natalie explains: “For several years, FTA has been campaigning for driver facilities to improve, and in response, we have received empty promises from government; it is now time to show real leadership and deliver the provisions these workers deserve. “And while we were disappointed to see the needs of logistics were not considered in the government’s plans to reallocate road space for active travel, the government has supported logistics in many other ways during the pandemic, such as postponing Clean Air Zones. We want to see government take into consideration the needs of logistics when developing policies; we have seen improvements in this area and hope that


Clean Air Zones The COVID-19 crisis has led the government to delay the implementation of Clean Air Zones (CAZs) across the country so local councils could focus on the pandemic response. Clean Air Zones aim to deter the most polluting vehicles from entering towns and cities with poor air quality to clean up air pollution. Will this delay of clean air measures be welcome news for commercial fleets? Natalie believes the delay has meant that commercial fleet operators could focus on the crisis at hand, and urges the government to consider the financial impact the pandemic is having on businesses. She says: “The postponement of Clean Air Zones (CAZ) is welcome news for commercial fleet operators; logistics businesses have been working tirelessly to support the UK during the pandemic and do not have the funding nor the resources to undertake the necessary vehicle upgrades, or alternatively, bear the charges of non-compliance at this time. “The government must understand the heavy financial toll Covid-19 is having on the logistics sector; many companies are experiencing a serious downturn in business. The economic assessments carried out by government when evaluating the feasibility of charging CAZs is no longer valid; the economy shrank by two per cent in the first three months of 2020, according to the Office of National Statistics, and Chancellor Rishi Sunak is now warning of a significant recession. The government should revaluate whether introducing such an expensive scheme is affordable at this time of economic hardship, especially as CAZs will hit small businesses and specialist operators most – those who can least afford to pay.” The administrative and operational difficulties that industry has been experiencing is also a concern for the FTA. Natalie says: “We are concerned about disruption to supplies of trucks and equipment; the industry needs more time

Panel of Experts: Logistics

with continued campaigning from FTA, this will become a long-term trend.” Stuart Thomas from the AA adds: “It comes as no surprise to those of us in the transport and technology sectors that commercial fleets provide a key backbone to the UK economy. We have long-standing relationships with the Freight Transport Association/ Logistics UK, as well as British Chambers of Commerce and many professional trade bodies, from grocers to utility support services. We have also recently teamed up with the Association of Independent Professionals and the Self Employed, IPSE, to provide cost-effective access to breakdown services for our essential SMEs. “We expect there will be ongoing tweaks to policy over the coming months and years as Government looks to support business and the economy to establish a new stability. We hope, within those changes, that the essential role of businesses operating commercial vehicles – and their drivers – is recognised as part of ongoing policymaking.”

to prepare for Clean Air Zones. At FTA, we will be working with local and national governments on the details of these schemes to best support industry going forward.” Stuart Thomas believes that while the delay to clean air zones gives fleets “breathing space”, they should still be preparing for the future. He says: “The reality is we need policy consistency and certainty to allow businesses and fleets to invest in technology for the future. Commercial vehicles tend to stick around for a while, and have a strong second, third and even fourth-hand life in small and medium enterprises (SMEs). For us to see a difference in vehicle mix on the roads in five or even ten years time, the larger fleets will have to make their move to alternative fuels today. “The delay of Clean Air Zones may provide a little more breathing space when it comes to making decisions about where investment should lie, but it should not prevent businesses trialling the options already on the market. There is further education required around the Whole Life Cost (WLC) equation; helping fleet managers and business owners to make informed decisions about their investment in new technology over the total course of its working life, not just considering the upfront investment.” The experience of quieter streets and cleaner air during the pandemic lockdown has given people a taste of how different urban environments can be, so if anything, this may be likely to increase the pressure for clean air measures to be introduced, believes Andy Eastlake. He says: “The delay to CAZs may allow more time, so the range of ultra-low and zero emission vehicles available will be much greater and the options for retrofitting will cover more existing trucks and vans. “There have been growing calls for the recovery from the crisis to be led by green initiatives, so the most enlightened fleets will grab this opportunity to set themselves up for the new expectations of what urban centres can be. LowCVP has a range of reports, tools and advice to help fleet managers who aren’t already compliant and we are already seeing growing interest in these.” Alternative fuels The focus of the government’s transport carbon reduction strategy arguably focuses on electrification. But for heavier goods

vehicles, this is still generally not viable given the cargo and distances they cover. But many commercial vehicle operators have shown that there are alternative options available to green their operations. Andy Eastlake said: “Pressure is growing fast for HGV fleets to cut their carbon footprints as well as reduce polluting emissions, but of course there are far fewer realistic options currently on the table. For most heavy operations, electrification is not yet an option. Renewable fuels produced to strict, verifiable environmental criteria, provide a realistic near-term alternative with significant carbon benefits. “We are expecting the results of the DfT’s Low Emission Freight Trial (LEFT) to be presented in the summer, and we know that gas trucks running on fully certified biomethane have shown some dramatic results. LowCVP has recently published a Renewable Fuels Guide specifically aimed at commercial fleets which explains a range of options with facts, figures and case studies.” LowCVP is also running a webinar on 28 May to explain the opportunities for the adoption of renewable fuels by HGV fleets. Natalie Chapman says that FTA members are keen to transition to low emission vehicles as soon as possible, but they need direction and clarity from government on the right fuels and technologies to adopt. She explains: “We have been working with government to develop a definition of an Ultra-Low Emission Truck (ULET). This would incentivise manufacturers to invest more resources into developing these vehicles; testing new technology can be expensive but a ULET definition would provide clear parameters and stimulate demand. And with cities across the UK looking to go even further than the Euro VI requirements of CAZs, a clear definition would provide authorities with a criterion that can be applied consistently across the UK, preventing the patchwork of standards we are seeing emerge.” “At FTA, we will continue to assist the government in developing a single, clear and workable definition for ultra-low emission truck and vans; we would also like to see clear guidelines apply to fuels,” adds Natalie. Stuart Thomas comments: “Heavy goods vehicles continue to pose challenges for those looking to shift to alternative fuels, with minimal viable options on the market. E May 2020 | COMMERCIAL GREENFLEET

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Panel of Experts: Logistics

Final thoughts

 “However, we are excited about the various investments being made and look forward to supporting all the models which come to market, whatever approach to fuelling they choose to adopt.” How will mobility change? The coronavirus pandemic has shown that significantly reducing transport can have major benefits for the environment. Air quality has improved in cities across the globe, with London reporting drops of almost 50 per cent on its busiest roads. Data from Riccardo has shown that Oxford city centre has seen a historic 59 per cent drop in air pollution as a direct result of the coronavirus lockdown. Can fleets continue this good momentum by thinking differently about mobility once the lock down is over? Stuart Thomas believes this may be the time that people consider electric vehicles, as well as greener last mile options. He explains: “There may well be major changes to the way we travel post-lockdown, with a possible increase in smaller journeys leaving individuals and organisations considering whether electric vehicles may fit their needs. Some drivers who have appreciated lower traffic noise, fewer and shorter journeys, may be prompted to finally buy an electric vehicle. “In any case, we would expect businesses and fleets to take the opportunity to consider which journeys are essential and think about how they can best meet their business objectives while supporting the onward push for improved air quality, reduced congestion and a more diverse urban mobility mix. This may also include consideration of micro mobility options for last mile delivery, particularly in city centres and densely populated areas.” When looking at the reduced traffic situation, both Andy and Natalie point out that freight vehicles have largely been operational during the crisis. Andy Eastlake says: “We must remember that the commercial vehicle sector has been operating throughout and that

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HGV traffic only dropped by around 40% (compared to buses and trains which are down around 90%) and is now up to almost 80% of ‘normal’. “However, the situation does provide a major opportunity for long-term gains in terms of reduced pollution – and greenhouse gases and noise – if government and businesses adopt practices to lock-in some of the benefits. While virtual working will undoubtedly reduce people movement, your tomatoes, toiletries and timber all have to be physically moved. If fleets can now take an even more ambitious view on what vehicle they buy next and maximising every trip-load, together with helping customers choose more efficient (grouped) delivery options, we can accelerate the changes that were coming anyway, and deliver the economic recovery we now all need.” Natalie Chapman says: “While the overall volume of traffic on our roads has declined since the lockdown, road freight activity has remained essential; businesses within the logistics sector have been working hard to deliver the food, medical supplies, and hygiene products the nation needs during the Covid-19 pandemic. While this is necessary – and logistics businesses are committed to using the cleanest vehicles or method of transportation as possible – there is space for improvement in private travel. “As such, I am pleased to see the government is encouraging active travel among members of the public by issuing guidance for councils to create additional road space for cyclists and pedestrians, helping to improve air quality while making social distancing easier. However, the FTA and its members are concerned the government has not included the needs of logistics within its plans. We have now written to Transport Minister Baroness Vere to request urgent clarification on several areas of the plans which are key to safe and efficient logistics movements throughout our cities, including access to kerbside for deliveries and servicing activity.”L

DRIVING THE SWITCH TO CLEANER FLEETS | www.greenfleet.net/commercial

Stuart Thomas The reality is we need policy consistency and certainty to allow businesses and fleets to invest in technology for the future. Commercial vehicles tend to stick around for a while, and have a strong second, third and even fourth-hand life in small and medium enterprises (SMEs). For us to see a difference in vehicle mix on the roads in five or even ten years; time, the larger fleets will have to make their move to alternative fuels today. The delay of Clean Air Zones may provide a little more breathing space when it comes to making decisions about where investment should lie, but it should not prevent businesses trialling the options already on the market. Andy Eastlake The lockdown situation does provide a major opportunity for long-term gains in terms of reduced pollution – and greenhouse gases and noise – if government and businesses adopt practices to lock-in some of the benefits. While virtual working will undoubtedly reduce people movement, your tomatoes, toiletries and timber all have to be physically moved. If fleets can now take an even more ambitious view on what vehicle they buy next and maximise every trip-load, we can accelerate the changes that were coming anyway. Natalie Chapman The FTA’s members are committed to ensuring their operations are environmentally responsible and are keen to transition to low emission vehicles as soon as possible. But they need clarity from government on the right fuels and technologies to adopt. That is why we have been working with government to develop a definition of an UltraLow Emission Truck (ULET). This would incentivise investment into developing these vehicles.


While recent announcements have confirmed further public sector investment in electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure – including a new Rapid Charging Fund, the reality is low and zero emission cars and vans continue to make up a relatively small proportion of the total number of vehicles on UK roads. However, the trend is positive, with battery-electric vehicles (BEVs) ending 2019 with a record 1.6% of the overall market, while Society of Motor Manufacturer and Trader (SMMT) Year to Date figures to April 2020 for BEVs were up by 161%* In addition, pressure from policymakers is rising, prompting more businesses to explore the option of introducing EVs onto their fleets. Recent improvements to air quality during lockdown have caused many commentators to consider how urban transport can be reshaped over the coming months and years, while increases in London’s congestion charge may push more of the city’s commuters and businesses to consider electric vehicles as a viable alternative option. However, if we are to see commercial organisations invest in electric vehicle technology then, not only do we need to see the infrastructure improved and more vehicle choice and availability, but the costs must also stack up. There is further education required around the Whole Life Cost (WLC) equation; helping fleet managers and business owners to make informed decisions

about their investment in new technology over the total course of its working life, not just considering the upfront investment. Many operators believe Service, Maintenance and Repair (SMR) costs will be lower for EVs than their diesel and petrol equivalents, arguing for greater reliability and fewer engine parts which can go wrong. However, as a percentage of total WLC, this may not be enough to convince people to make the switch. Combine the emissions reduction, increased up-time and fuel costs benefits, though, and it starts to add up. We also need to overcome the perception of a lack of trained EV talent in the workplace, which is causing some organisations to hold back their investment in EVs. Indeed, the 19/20 Operational Fleet Report, by the AA and Rivus Fleet Solutions, suggests more than one in ten fleet managers (and 17% of the largest operators) felt a perceived lack of EV engineers had stopped them investing. With most AA roadside mechanics now trained to the equivalent of IMI (Institute of the Motor Industry) Level 2, that perception is unfounded. Indeed, we are continually investing in upskilling our mechanics out on the road and scaling EV capability within our servicing network to ensure we can effectively support businesses when they shift the balance of their fleets to EV, whenever that may be. In addition, our own analysis suggests

many of the same components require maintenance and repair, whether the vehicle is petrol, diesel or electric. Issues related to tyres, brakes and the 12V battery are among the most prevalent in our breakdown data, and they are as common among EVs as traditional petrol or diesel vehicles. The new challenges with EVs come with HV charging cables and HV batteries but could be prevented through better driving education when the vehicles are handed over. Ultimately, we need policymakers to offer more incentives to encourage fleets and businesses to take the next step towards zero-emission vehicles. While we welcome the Rapid Charging Fund, extended plug-in grant and positive noises from government about an electric future, we also believe that bold moves should be considered if we truly want to provide a climate that is ripe for businesses to invest. Such initiatives could include scrapping the VAT on new EV sales, as well as looking at building gigafactories in the UK to help improve battery supply, R&D to increase range and payloads, as well as securing end of life recycling of batteries. There may well be major changes to the way we travel post-lockdown, with a possible increase in smaller journeys leaving individuals and organisations considering whether electric vehicles may fit their needs. Some drivers who have appreciated lower traffic noise, fewer and shorter journeys, may be prompted to finally buy an electric vehicle. In the meantime, the AA is here to support businesses, fleets and their drivers throughout every step of the EV introduction. You can be confident that our EV-trained mechanics will help get you and your drivers back on the road. When any new technology is introduced, the change must be managed effectively. L

Written by Dean Hedger, EV New Business Development Manager, the AA

The AA is continually investing in upskilling its mechanics out on the road and scaling EV capability within its servicing network to ensure it can effectively support businesses when they shift their fleets to electric

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Confidence in maintenance essential for wider electric vehicle take-up

* https://www.smmt.co.uk/vehicledata/evs-and-afvs-registrations/ FURTHER INFORMATION For further advice on how to take the next steps on your EV journey, contact us today via #ChatWithDean on LinkedIn via www. linkedin.com/in/deanhedger/ or contact the Business team on 0800 316 0410. www.theaa.com

May 2020 | COMMERCIAL GREENFLEET

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E-Cargo Bikes

E-Cargo bikes for local authorities

Tim Anderson, Head of Transport at Energy Saving Trust, said: “It is exciting to see the strength and breadth of applications supported by the eCargo Bike Grant Fund. We received 58 applications and the 18 local authorities who have been successful in securing funding offered compelling cases for ecargo bikes across a range of activity. These projects will purchase a total of 273 ecargo bikes and nine ecargo bike trailers, Eighteen local authorities in England have secured funding from enabling more businesses to benefit from the Department for Transport’s £2m eCargo Bike Grant Fund, access. A further 409 ecargo bikes have been grant funded direct to 146 organisations which will enable them to purchase e-cargo bikes for either local through the national element businesses or for use within their own fleets of the programme. “E-Cargo bikes are an The Department for Transport’s £2m go to City Parks. Five will go attractive low carbon Cambri eCargo Bike Grant Fund was established to courier company Zedify to transport solution d g e s hire County to help councils and companies to replace support business deliveries that are becoming e-cargo Council’s their polluting vans with ecargo bikes. across the city and the more widely Eighteen local authorities in England have remaining bikes will be adopted. They offer be used bikes will secured the funding, which will enable them used by five city businesses, significant benefits, for first deliveri m to purchase ecargo bikes for either local including Gunns Florist, most impressively i l e business use or for use within their own fleets. Brighton and Hove Energy fuel cost savings residen es and a tial sh One of the successful applicants was Services Co-op (BHESCo), and contributing scheme aring Cambridgeshire County Council, who plans to Real Patisserie, Brighton to improved local deploy 30 e-cargo bikes across four initiatives Gin and Mittens Plumbing, air quality which are in Cambridge. These cover first mile deliveries, Heating and Bathroom Design. particularly attractive as a residential sharing scheme, a ‘try before you Dan Curtis from BHESCo said: we work towards a green buy’ leasing scheme and pool e-cargo bikes. “Using an eCargo bike will have a recovery following the Covid Devon County Council’s work will encourage huge impact on the number of households 19 outbreak. With more deliveries to our the uptake of e-cargo bikes across partner that BHESCo can help through our fuel homes than ever, last mile delivery is an organisations to support sustainable active poverty alleviation programme. important area for consideration in our business travel as an alternative to car and “Currently, we have to visit each property journey to reduce transport emissions to net van use. Thirteen ecargo bikes will be used twice; once for a survey to identify the zero by 2050. We expect the eCargo Bike to support Exeter’s ambition for net zero improvements we can make, and then Grant Fund to support wider and longer service with two of the total used by the local again to install the energy saving term uptake of these light vehicles.” hospital’s adult and social care teams to help measures that we have chosen. Chris Heaton-Harris, Cycling Minister, care for the most isolated people in the city. “By using an eCargo bike, we can complete said: “E-Cargo bikes are great for not Brighton & Hove City Council has been the whole process in a single visit, which only business but also the environment, awarded over £85,000 for 12 new eCargo means we will be able to support double helping to lower costs and emissions. bikes for the city. One of the bikes will be given the number of households at risk of cold “This funding will see groceries and to the council’s postal team while another will homes and fuel poverty in our city.” other shopping delivered to people’s

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What is the eCargo Bike Fund? Funded by the Department for Transport and delivered by the Energy Saving Trust, the £2 million eCargo Bike Grant Fund was established to help improve the environment and reduce congestion. Local authorities could bid for up to £200,00 to purchase ecargo bikes in their area for use by local businesses or within their own fleets. The scheme was also available for limited companies, where they could apply to receive 20% off the total cost of an ecargo bike, up to a maximum of £1,000 per bike for a maximum of 200 ecargo bikes. To be eligible for funding, an e-cargo bike must have minimum 125 litre cargo volume capacity and minimum 130 kg weight capacity (combined rider and cargo weight).

Private enterprises Peloton Liverpool is a social enterprise that aims to deliver a better cycling experience to all through skills development programmes. Before applying for the eCargo Bike Grant Fund, Peloton already used e-cargo bikes for their own deliveries and cargo. Their goal was to offer B2B deliveries and lease out ecargo bikes to other social enterprises and individuals through a project called Agile. As well as using ecargo bikes for their own deliveries, Peloton strives to help other organisations and individuals access them and reduce their own carbon footprint. The idea for Agile sprung from another project that involved training young men in contact with the criminal justice system, to fix bikes, and attend community events on ecargo bikes to deliver this service. This developed into an aspiration for having a fleet of e-cargo bikes. Daniel Robinson, Operations Director at Peloton Liverpool, said: “Agile is still in its infancy, but the arrival of two ecargo bikes supported by the eCargo Bike Grant Fund has enabled us to extend our offer geographically.” Peloton is now planning to station several ecargo bikes across Liverpool for ease of use and greater coverage. Other than the eCargo Bike Grant Fund, no other funding was accessed. Peloton is now working with Liverpool’s John Moores University to produce a report on the emissions reduced as a result of their ecargo bikes, but what feedback has been received thus far from organisations accessing Agile hasbeen overwhelmingly positive.

Ride Clean is a mobile bike cleaning and maintenance service operating in London, delivering its services to offices, cycling hubs, cafes and houses.The company was created in 2017, designed around using cargo bikes as the main form of transport. Initially, mechanical bikes were used to test the viability of the business. Having used these for four months, the organisation made the transition to ebikes to increase reach and efficiency. Founder Katy Miller knew that she wanted bikes to be at the heart of the business. Before accessing the grant fund, Ride Clean had previously invested in one ecargo bike, and through receiving funding from the eCargo Bike Grant Fund, they were able to expand their fleet. Riders needed to be able to carry the necessary cleaning and maintenance tools, as well as travel across London without the burden of parking, congestion charges and Ultra Low Emission Zone charges. E-Cargo Bikes were the perfect solution as they have the added capacity to carry equipment, an electric motor to assist riders and are exempt from emission zone and congestion charges. The key message received by small businesses, Miller believes, is that there is financial support available for businesses looking to invest in green technology. E-cargo bikes will give Ride Clean a greater geographical range to operate withinand continue to do their work successfully. L

E-Cargo Bikes

doors by bike instead of vans, helping ensure that as transport increases and we recover from Covid-19, it’ll be cleaner and greener than ever before.” The eighteen councils that received funding are: Bath and North East Somerset Council; Bedford Borough Council; Birmingham City Council; Brighton and Hove City Council; Cambridgeshire County Council; Colchester Borough Council; Derby City Council; Devon County Council; Harlow and Gilston Garden Town; London Borough of Richmond; London Borough of Wandsworth; Milton Keynes Council; North Tyneside Council; Nottingham City Council; Plymouth City Council; Sheffield City Council; Southampton City Council; and Wirral Council.

FURTHER INFORMATION www.energysavingtrust.org.uk

May 2020 | COMMERCIAL GREENFLEET

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Electric Vans

Electric vans around the corner As the push for clean air and carbon reduction continues, more manufacturers are electrifying their light commercial vehicles. Here’s our round-up of the electric vans soon to hit showrooms

Citroen will also launch an electric version of its Relay, which will be built at a factory in Val di Sangro in Italy, with the electric conversion carried out by Citroen’s partner BD Auto. It’ll be offered in ‘L1’ and ‘L3’ bodystyles, with the latter featuring a longer wheelbase and greater cargo-carrying capacity. Citroen says the L1 version will travel 141 miles on a charge, and the L3 will manage 169 miles (NEDC). Nissan e-NV200 XL Voltia van

Peugeot e-Expert

Peugeot e-Expert Citroën ë-Dispatch Peugeot’s electric e-Expert van will come The Citroën ë-Dispatch is also offered with with a choice of two different ranges and two battery powertrains: 50 kWh battery will go on sale the second half of 2020. for 143 miles of range (WLTP) and 75 kWh The e-Expert is the first Peugeot electric battery for a 205 mile range (WLTP). vehicle to offer two battery capacity The batteries are mounted options; 50 kWh and 75 kWh. in the chassis, so the As Compact and Standard body van’s load volume shapes are available with is maintained. the pus h the 50 kWh battery, with a ë-Dispatch is for clea n a range of up to 143 miles available in three i r and carbon (WLTP), while Standard lengths. The XS r e d u continu ction and Long can be equipped model is 4.60m of new es, a number with a 75 kWh battery and is designed electric to give it a range of up for easier access are com vans to 205 miles (WLTP). to urban centres. i n g o Two types of on-board This length, coupled the ma nto rket chargers are available: a with a volume of up 7.4 kW single-phase charger to 5.1m3, makes for an comes as standard and there is an extremely compact van. optional 11 kW three-phase charger. Charging can be done It can also be charged on public rapid using a 7.4 kW Wallbox, which takes chargers for an 80% charge in 30 minutes (50 eight hours, or a 11kW home charger, kWh battery) or 45 minutes (75 kWh battery). which take five hours (for the 50kWh The payload volumes are the same versions). The vehicle is also capable of as those of the internal combustion super-fast charging at a public station. engines and the payloads, adapted to the ë-Dispatch will arrive in UK showrooms 100% electric engine, up to 1275 kg. during the second half of 2020. Citroën ë-Dispatch

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Nissan e-NV200 XL Voltia van Nissan is launching the e-NV200 XL Voltia van, an enlarged conversion of the electric Nissan e-NV200 van, which in the UK will be carried out by Bevan Group. The e-NV200 XL Voltia offers a compact body and sizeable cargo capacity. With a load space of 8m3, the new model expands the standard e-NV200’s load space by 90%. This allows businesses to complete fewer trips on each delivery round, allowing them to streamline operations and save time. Combining an elongated load bay with an expansive roof space, the 8m3 van allows drivers to load cargo easily, with standing room ensuring they remain comfortable on the job. The van has an optimised turning circle making it an ideal solution for urban roads. The model is equipped with Nissan’s 40kWh battery and an on-board CHAdeMO charger for rapid DC charging capability. The van has different driving modes, with ‘B’ optimising regenerative braking to recharge the battery on the move, whilst eco mode manages power output to conserve battery capacity. When used together, both technologies maximise range to help drivers go longer on each delivery. Vauxhall Vivaro-e The Vivaro-e will be Vauxhall’s first factory-built electric van, which will be available to order from June. Built on the same line as the dieselengined Vivaro, and available to order in two lengths and two body variants, the new battery electric Vivaro-e has a range of 188 miles on the WLTP cycle. The Vivaro-e’s payload of up to 1,226kgs is only 130kgs less than a Vivaro fitted with a diesel engine. The Vivaro-e is also the only electrified vehicle in its segment that has the ability to pull trailers (with a maximum towing capacity of 1.0 tonne). There are two sizes of lithium-ion battery to choose from; a 75kWh unit provides up to 188 miles of range, and a 50kWh battery, with a range of up to 125 miles (WLTP). The batteries comprise 18 and 27 modules respectively, and the system is cooled via the


Electric Vans

Vauxhall Vivaro-e

cabin’s coolant circuit for optimised range and an increased lifetime. The batteries are packaged under the loading space so that they do not compromise its usage and so that the van has a lower centre of gravity. A regenerative braking system, which recovers the energy produced under braking or deceleration, further increases efficiency. Using a 100kW DC public charging station, charging of the 50kWh battery to 80 per cent only takes 30 minutes – and 45 minutes for the 75 kWh battery. With the VauxhallConnect e-remote control functions, customers can use their smartphones to check the battery’s state-of-charge or programme air conditioning and charging times. Vauxhall has tailored the Vivaro-e to cater for a variety of customer needs, with a panel van and double-cab being available for commercial applications, and a passenger vehicle to follow. The panel van has payloads of up to 1,226kg, with gross vehicle weights ranging up to 3,100kg. As most variants are about 1.90m tall, the Vivaro-e can access parking in basements or shopping centres with low roofs. LEVC VN5 LEVC’s new electric light commercial van will be called VN5 - VN is chosen for van and ‘5’ to represent the volume of the cargo area, 5m³. The VN5 cargo capacity easily accommodates two Euro sized pallets with a gross payload of over 800kg. It has been built with a large side-loading door (enabling a pallet to be sideloaded) and a 60/40 split door at the rear to make loading and unloading easy for the driver. Based on the same architecture and eCity range-extender technology as LEVC’s TX electric taxi, VN5 will offer the same electric powertrain with a pure EV range of 63 miles and with a total flexible range of 301 miles. Like the TX, VN5 will feature a similar ultra-tight turning circle providing unrivalled mobility in busy city environments. Being a range extender with the ability to drive in zero emission mode, the LEVC VN5 is designed to be a a link between out of town depots and city centres. Based on a real world 47 mile (75 km) delivery route into central London, VN5 can make approximately twice the amount of journeys

and deliveries by having the flexibility to operate emission (and penalty) free in the city’s restricted ULEZ environment. VN5 uses lightweight bonded aluminium body structure which is more resistant to corrosion and absorbs twice the crash energy of mild steel. In addition, VN5 features composite body panels which are resistant to dents. Full production of VN5 will commence at LEVC’s state-of-the-art factory in Q4 this year with volume expected to take up 70% of the annual 20,000-unit production capacity. Fiat Ducato Electric Fiat Professional’s first electric vehicle is the Ducato. It will be available later this year following a pilot project to gain real world customer insights. Ducato Electric will feature modular battery size options, with range from 136 to 223 miles (NEDC cycle) and different charging configurations. Speed is limited to 62mph to optimise energy use. Maximum power is 90 kW and maximum torque is 280 Nm. Load volumes are from 10 to 17 m3, and payload is up to 1,950 kg. The Ducato BEV will be available to pre-order later this year. Mercedes eVito The Mercedes-Benz eVito is available to order now, and has already been incorporated into Travel Lodge and S & B Commercials’ fleets. The van offers 85 (70) kW of power, 300 Nm of torque, a 92-mile average range and a six hour charging time, based on three-phase charging. Available in two lengths, the vehicle is priced from £39,895 and eligible

for the plug-in grant, giving up to a maximum of £8,000 off the price. The L2 model offers 6.0 m3 cargo volume, 2,277 kg kerb weight, 3,200 kg GVW, and a payload of 923 kg. The L3 offers 6.6 m3 cargo volume, 2,302 kg kerb weight, 3,200 kg GVW, and a payload of 898 kg. Volkswagen ABT eTransporter 6.1 Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles has launched its first fully electric van in the UK, the ABT eTransporter 6.1. The model offers an all-electric range of up to 82 miles with a cargo space of 6.7m3 and delivers a maximum power output of 110PS (83kW), with a 0-62mph time of just 17.4 seconds. The compact battery is fitted underneath the load area to avoid compromising the cargo area of 6.7m3 and payload of up to 1,001kg. The ABT eTransporter 6.1 is also fitted with regenerative braking to recover energy lost when braking. The Combined Charging System (CCS) socket on the new ABT eTransporter 6.1 provides a flexible charging solution, combining the ability to charge via both AC and DC. This means you can use any device that has either a CCS (DC charging) or Type 2 (AC charging) plug type. A Type 2 charging cable is included with the vehicle as standard. The new ABT eTransporter 6.1 supports up to 50kW DC charging using a CCS connector, which means the vehicle’s battery can get to 80 per cent in around 45 minutes. AC charging up to 7.2kW can also be done using a wallbox, which will charge the battery in approximately five and a half hours. Prices of the van start from £42,060. L

Volkswagen ABT eTransporter 6.1

May 2020 | COMMERCIAL GREENFLEET

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VEHICLE LEASING

ELECTRIC VEHICLES

EV RECHARGING

Europcar Mobility Group UK

Bradshaw Electric Vehicles

Rigfone Electrics

Tel: 0371 384 0140 Email: businesssolutions@europcar.com Website: europcar-mobility-group.com

Tel: +44 (0)1780 782621 Email: enquiries@bradshawev.com Website: www.bradshawev.com

Email: enquiries@rigfone.co.uk Tel: 023 8021 5100 Fax: 023 8021 5101

Europcar Mobility Group UK is helping public and private sector organisations reduce emissions through a total mobility offering, from ultra-short-term car use by the hour through Ubeeqo and E-Car; traditional daily rental from Europcar; long-term rental of brand new vehicles with Europcar Advantage; and ride hailing and chauffeur services from Brunel.

Bradshaw is a leading manufacturer of electric vehicles for industry and distributor for Goupil, all-electric, light commercial, zero-emission vehicles. Homologated for road use the Goupil range is suited to low emission zones, towns and cities. With 11 body configurations, the vehicles are designed for last mile delivery and service operations.

Rigfone Electrics is an OLEV approved EV Installation Contractor offering innovative cost effective installation solutions across the South of the UK. Established in 1963 we have built a strong reputation for both reliability and quality with our clients in industry, commerce and public sector. We offer tailor made best value solutions for all your EV charge point requirements.

FLEET SERVICES

COMMERCIAL VEHICLES

EV CHARGE POINTS

Qerb Electric Vehicle Charging Go Plant Fleet Services

Rhino Products

Tel: 0333 321 4877 Email: enquiries@gpl-hire.co.uk Website: www.go-plant.co.uk

Tel: 01244 833790 Email: sales@rhinoproducts.co.uk Website: www.rhinoproducts.co.uk

With more than 40 years industry experience and expertise, Go Plant Fleet Services is the UK’s leading provider of fleet management solutions, contract and operated hire solutions and service and maintenance packages. They work in partnership with local authorities, contractors and many large private sector Companies.

We are Europe’s leading van accessory manufacturer, supplying an innovative range of Roof Racks, Roof Bars, Steps, Ladder Restraints & more for the commercial vehicle market. Our products are made in the UK to the highest of standards, ensuring the utmost in performance, durability and aesthetics.

EV RECHARGING

01752 546160 charge@qerb.uk www.qerbcharge.uk 21 Sisna Park, Sisna Park Road, Estover, Plymouth, PL6 7AE QERB Charge, Electric Vehicle Charging, Electric Vehicle Chargers for Home, Workplace, SME, Garages, Car Parks, Large Commercial and Public Sector, Fleet Electric Vehicle Charging, Electric Vehicle Charging Facilities, OLEV Electric Vehicle Charging, UK Wide Installations, Smart Electric Vehicle Charging.

ADVERTISERS INDEX The publishers accept no responsibility for errors or omissions in this free service DAF Trucks

Mr Electric Tel: 0800 7311 606 Email: enquiries@mrelectric.com Website: www.mr-electric.co.uk

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Mr. Electric is the UK’s leading electrical franchise brand. Approved OLEV installer, trusted electrical experts. A proven track record of being reliable with over 17 years of experience in electrical installation and maintenance. National coverage allows us to take care of EV Charge Point installation and maintenance across the UK.

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