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CV SHOW 2016





How apprenticeships and training can bridge the freight industry’s skills shortage gap CONTRACT HIRE & LEASING

CORRECT TO CONTRACT OUT? Outsourcing your fleet – is it right for you?


SWITCHED ON All you need to know about the Plug-in Car Grant changes


CV SHOW 2016







How apprenticeships and training can bridge the freight industry’s skills shortage gap CONTRACT HIRE & LEASING

CORRECT TO CONTRACT OUT? Outsourcing your fleet – is it right for you?



All you need to know about the Plug-in Car Grant changes


Deadline demand So, D-Day in regards to the changes to the Office of Low Emissions Vehicles’ (OLEV) Plug-in Car Grant (PiCG) has now passed. The new three-category, two‑discount tiered system came into force on 1 March. As the deadline for the old PiCG neared, it was rumoured that many manufacturers were reporting shortfalls in available ultra-low emission vehicles such was the high demand to get the maximum discount before the old scheme expired. Read more on how the new PiCG works on pages 40-41.

Visit v fleet.t green ative video rm for info tent on t con tal flee nmen enviro agement man

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GreenFleet Scotland returns to Edinburgh on 15 April. Find out more on page 17

That spike in demand could well be documented in the latest UK registration figures released by the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders for February 2016. Alternatively‑fuelled vehicle registrations were reported to be up by 19.9 per cent as buyers rushed to stake a claim on the previous £5,000 contribution offer. And that news comes just as a new 683-mile (1,100km) rapid-charging network is completed. The €7.4m route was co-funded by the EU and four major car manufacturers and will feature rapid-chargers at major transport hubs. Of course, as we go to press, George Osborne’s first Budget of 2016 is looming and while it is expected that no further major announcements regarding ultra‑low emission vehicles will be made, fuel duty may rise by a couple of pence, in contrast to the falling oil prices UK motorists have enjoyed over the past few months. A nice slice of synchronicity then, that as fuel prices may rise in the foreseeable future, the rising number of alternatively-fuelled vehicles is also going up... Enjoy the issue. Richard Gooding, acting editor

P ONLINE P IN PRINT P MOBILE P FACE-TO-FACE If you would like to receive 10 issues of GreenFleet magazine for £200 a year, please contact Public Sector Information Limited, 226 High Road, Loughton, Essex IG10 1ET. Tel: 020 8532 0055 GreenFleet® would like to thank the following organisations for their support:


226 High Rd, Loughton, Essex IG10 1ET. Tel: 020 8532 0055 Fax: 020 8532 0066 Web: ACTING EDITOR Richard Gooding EDITOR Angela Pisanu ASSISTANT EDITOR Michael Lyons EDITORIAL ASSISTANTS Tommy Newell, Rachel Brooks PRODUCTION CONTROL Sofie Owen PRODUCTION DESIGN Jacqueline Lawford, Jo Golding WEB PRODUCTION Victoria Leftwich PUBLISHER George Petrou ACCOUNT MANAGER Kylie Glover ADMINISTRATION Vickie Hopkins REPRODUCTION & PRINT Argent Media

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OFFICIAL FUEL CONSUMPTION FIGURES FOR JEEP RENEGADE RANGE MPG (L/100KM): EXTRA URBAN 47.9 (5.9) – 70.6 (4.0), URBAN 32.5 (8.7) – 55.4 (5.1), COMBINED 40.9 (6.9) – 64.2 (4.4), CO 2 EMISSIONS: 160 – 115 G/KM. Fuel consumption and CO2 figures are obtained for comparative purposes in accordance with EC directives/regulations and may not be representative of real-life driving conditions. Factors such as driving style, weather and road conditions may also have a significant effect on fuel consumption. Model shown is a Jeep Renegade Limited. Jeep ® is a registered trademark of FCA US LLC.


Contents GreenFleet 92 21

09 News/CV news

Standardised EV charging calls; DfT to trial driverless lorries; and London Hydrogen Network Expansion programme

17 GreenFleet Scotland

Demonstrating the viability of ultra-low emission, plug-in, hybrid and electric vehicles, GreenFleet Scotland offers organisations advice and information on how to improve their fleet efficiency

21 Geneva Motor Show

The 86th International Geneva Motor Show showcased a great host of green vehicles, with cars straight off of the production line as well as concepts on display. GreenFleet examines the greenest cars of the show causing a stir

26 Eco driving

The Institute of Advanced Motorists explains that, while the uptake of greener cars is encouraging, much of the responsibility for more efficient driving remains with the driver


28 Commercial vehicles

The Freight Transport Association look at the serious concerns raised by skills shortages in the freight industry, and how training and apprenticeships are just two ways to solve the issue

35 CV Show 2016


Taking place on 26-28 April at Birmingham’s NEC, The Commercial Vehicle Show hosts an array of vehicle operators, offering a range of choice for those working within the sector. GreenFleet looks ahead to this year’s show

40 Plug-in Car Grant

Changes to the Plug-in Car Grant came into effect on 1 March: GreenFleet examines the changes you need to know about

43 Contract hire & leasing Simon Cotton, general manager at fleet management specialists CLM, delves into the world of fleet outsourcing and shares his experiences

47 Recycled vehicle parts GreenFleet takes a look at the current state of recycled vehicles in the UK, including the latest SMMT initiative

48 First drive: DS 3 Prestige BlueHDi 120

The last in the line of DS models to be refreshed, the DS 3 is one of the most stylish and sought after small cars on the market. Richard Gooding takes a first drive

50 Road test: Hyundai 120 First unveiled in late 2014, the Hyundai i20 offers commendable economy and stylish driving. GreenFleet took the Red Dot Design Award-winner for a spin

51 Road test: Peugeot 208 With a trusted family history, the Peugeot 208 adds a further string to the French manufacturer’s bow. GreenFleet explores an eye-catching BlueHDi

52 PHEV diary: month two Richard Gooding details the complications that have surfaced through public charging infrastructure, and the joys of driving the Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV




GreenFleet magazine Volume 92 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE





The fully electric Peugeot iOn is now available from just £12,495* and benefits from zero tax, no congestion fees, free parking† and a 4 star NCAP rating. Additionally with features such as rear parking sensors, six airbags, 15" alloys, automatic air conditioning as standard and a range of 93 miles^ (between full charges), going electric has never been more affordable. Make the switch and electrify your commute with Peugeot iOn, visit and discover more today. *On the road price includes the maximum government Plug-In Car Grant of £4,500. The Peugeot iOn is an all-electric vehicle (EV) which makes it eligible for the Government ‘PICG’ (plug-in car grant) towards the cost of the car. The ‘cost’ is the full purchase price you pay for the basic vehicle – including number plates, Vehicle Excise Duty and VAT, but does not include delivery charge or first registration fee. The amount of your grant will be automatically deducted from the price of your Peugeot iOn when the vehicle is registered. The receipt of this grant is subject to the eligibility of the vehicle at the point of registration and is subject to change. Please go to for more information. †You must register the vehicle with Transport for London. ^93 mile (150km) range achieved under the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) test conditions. Range achieved may vary according to road conditions.



Audi plans further growth in 2016

Volvo calls for standardised electric vehicle charging

At its annual press conference on 3 March, German manufacturer Audi announced plans to invest more than 2.3 billion in the development of electric cars and connected systems. Claiming that the company’s product portfolio will include 60 different models by 2020, Audi promised to ‘gradually electrify’ its model portfolio further, with a particular focus on ‘plug-in hybrid technology and purely electric drive’. Rupert Stadler, chairman of the Board of Management at Audi, also highlighted the company’s attention to hydrogen fuel cell technology, as well as its aim to be a market leader in the industry going forward. Stadler said: “At present, we are preparing our production facilities for the next stage of electric mobility. At our site in Brussels, we will begin the large-series production

of our first fully electric SUV in 2018. That plant will also produce its own batteries. Audi Brussels will be the pioneer for electric mobility at the Audi Group. “We also see great potential in fuel-cell technology. Our Audi h-tron quattro concept study operates solely on electric power, and with hydrogen as an energy source – hence the name h-tron. The hydrogen tanks can be filled in about four minutes, with enough energy for a range of 600 kilometres. Audi will have competence-centre responsibility within the Volkswagen Group, and will bring this technology out of research into series development in the coming years.” READ MORE



Volvo has called for the automotive industry to strive towards the introduction of a standardised charging infrastructure for electric vehicles (EVs). According to Peter Mertens, the company’s senior vice president for Research and Development, a simple, standardised and fast charging infrastructure is essential to support the increasing popularity of electric vehicles and ensure more customers fully embrace the technology. Mertens said: “We see that a shift towards fully electric cars is already underway, as battery technology improves, costs fall and charging infrastructure is put in place. But while we are ready from a technology perspective, the charging infrastructure is not quite there yet. To really make range anxiety a thing of the past, a globally standardised charging system is sorely needed.” Volvo is backing the Charging Interface Initiative, a consortium of stakeholders who have come together to establish the Combined Charging System (CCS) as the standard for charging battery-powered vehicles. The CCS offers both regular and fast charging capabilities, combining single‑phase with rapid three-phase charging, using alternating current at a maximum of 43kW, as well as direct-current charging at a maximum of 200kW, all in a single system. Volvo believes that this system will make EV ownership increasingly practical and convenient, and the Charging Interface Initiative is currently drawing up plans for charging-related standards and certification for use by car makers around the globe. Volvo’s Peter Mertens: “A globally standardised charging system is sorely needed”


EV charging firm offers ‘buy-back guarantee’ EV charging firm 4EV will become the first UK distributor to offer a buy-back guarantee on its charging products for customers who have a ‘change in situation’. Such changes in situation include EV owners who change their vehicles or move house. The offer will help such customers who would otherwise be left with a redundant charging cable, to sell their old chargers back to the company. The amount which the cable is purchased back for will depend on the cable’s age and condition, starting from 60 per cent of the original price for cables less then six months old to 25 per cent for those over two years old. Darren Pegram, 4EV founder, said: “We realise that it can be difficult to know exactly which charging cable is going to be perfect for individual drivers, with different lengths available and coiled or straight options, there are lots of varieties to choose from.

“Sometimes until you get out on the road and are using the vehicle every day you can’t be sure what will work best, and then of course circumstances change – you might change your vehicle, start a new job further from home or start using a different charging station. “Our new scheme means we guarantee to buy back your charging cable or EVSE if you no longer need it or your circumstances change, giving our customers confidence and peace of mind. As far as we know we are the only company offering a guarantee like this for electric vehicle charging cables and we hope having this option will give our present and future customers even more confidence in buying our products.” READ MORE




‘A positive and engaged fleet event’ The CAPITAL GreenFleet event took place at the Kia Oval on 25 February and the forum to help London’s fleet operators understand more about the electric and plug-in hybrid vehicle market was a great success. Broadcaster, journalist and GreenFleet EV Champion Award-winner Quentin Willson was a headline speaker at the event. Wilson said: “CAPITAL GreenFleet demonstrated that London’s blue chip delivery and utility companies are ready to roll out fleets of electric vans. There was a definite feeling of evangelism at the event with fleet managers talking excitedly of future plans to introduce EV light commercials for work in the capital. This year I saw a shift from general curiosity to broad acceptance and that for short hub-based journey delivery and maintenance work, EVs can deliver significant cost and air quality benefits. The change in mindset was palpable. “The most exciting development of the day was news that London Fire Brigade has ordered a fleet of all-electric BMW i3s.

“The Metropolitan Police were also singing the praises of BMW’s range extender EV. The Met’s vehicle procurement team made the interesting point that if London’s hard-nosed cops have fallen under the EV spell then a rubicon has been crossed. A liveried i3 is already in service in London and has been welcomed by both the public and the officers who drive it.” Willson continued: “Nissan’s Leaf and e-NV200 van were also praised for long range and good value. Rather modestly Nissan admitted at the event that out of the 220,000 EV battery packs they’ve sold so far, they’ve only had a total of 12 failures. CAPITAL GreenFleet was one of the most positive and engaged EV fleet events I’ve ever been to.” The next GreenFleet event is GreenFleet Scotland, which is in the Highland Hall, at the Royal Highland Centre in Edinburgh on 15 April.  READ MORE 


BMW unveils Vision Next 100 concept BMW has released a new concept car, the Vision Next 100, in celebration of its 100 year anniversary. To mark its centenary, BMW attempted to imagine how mobility would change in the future by creating a vehicle that takes into account the trends in technological developments, such as digitalisation and connectivity. The concept is designed to be ‘highly personalised and fully geared to meet the driver’s every need’ through the use of cutting edge technology and design. The Vision Next 100 highlights BMW’s view that while drivers will be able to ‘let their cars do the work’ through autonomous drive technologies, this should only be the case when the driver wants it to be, preserving the experience of driving pleasure. The vehicle features a number of cutting‑edge driving technologies, such as the ‘Boost’ driving mode, which gives full control to the driver and uses ‘Alive Geometry’ technology to highlight the ideal driving line and possible turning points on the road, and the ‘Ease’ mode, in which the steering wheel and centre console retract and the headrests move to one side to create a more relaxed atmosphere for passenger communication.

Adrian van Hooydonk, head of BMW Group Design, said: “If, as a designer, you are able to imagine something, there’s a good chance it could one day become reality. So our objective with the BMW Vision Next 100 was to develop a future scenario that people would engage with. Technology is going to make significant advances, opening up fantastic new possibilities that will allow us to offer the driver even more assistance for an even more intense driving experience. “My personal view is that technology should be as intuitive as possible to operate and experience so that future interactions between human, machine and surroundings become seamless. The BMW Vision Next 100 shows how we intend to shape this future.” READ MORE




Renault continues to offer free fast chargers with Zoes Renault has confirmed that it will continue to offer new Zoe customers free installation of a fast charging wallbox in their homes. The 7kW home charger is available to retail customers and tops up the government’s Electric Vehicle Homecharge Scheme, saving the customer nearly £500. The chargers are supplied and installed by Renault’s partner, Chargemaster, who will fit the charger at the customers home address as part of the price of the vehicle. The charger is capable of fully charging the Zoe in three-four hours and can be controlled using an interactive app, where customers can schedule when the car is charged. READ MORE


Norway targets 100 per cent electric car sales by 2025 Norway has set out ambitious plans for 100 per cent of new car sales to be zero‑emission, electric vehicles by 2025. The proposal has been included in the National Transport Plan for 2018-2029 and, if the plans are fully implemented, would mean that all new passenger cars, buses and light commercial vehicles would be either battery electric of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles within the next 10 years. The country already purchases almost one in every four plug-in vehicles sold, and these plans, which are still subject to Parliamentary approval, would cement its position as a front runner in the uptake of ultra low emission vehicles (ULEVs). The proposals also include plans for all heavier class vans to be zero emission by 2030, as well as 75 per cent of new long‑distance buses and 50 per cent of new trucks. The country has incentivised zero‑emission vehicles to drive uptake over the past few years, and officials have confirmed that these will remain in the immediate future, with plans to gradually taper them off as uptake increases. READ MORE Volume 92 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE




LHNE showcases fuel cell range on the M25

LowCVP’s Andy Eastlake Joining up the climate change and air quality agenda GreenFleet readers will be well aware of the wide array of options, current rules and potential future requirements facing the fleet manager. They’ll also be aware of the next big policy push to improve air quality in some of our most polluted areas: Clean Air Zones (CAZ). The CAZ proposals contained in DEFRA’s Air Quality Plan – published last December – identifies five key areas (as well as London) where specific actions are required to meet the air quality targets by 2020. The challenge is to reduce NOx emissions – most of which arise from vehicle use in these areas – and which have been implicated in a wide range of health effects, including many thousands of early deaths. As many readers will be aware, London already has a Low Emission Zone (LEZ) which is designed to reduce emissions of particulates which mainly come from diesel vehicles. London also has its Congestion Charge, of course, which gives CO2-based discounts for vehicles newer than Euro 5. However, with new scientific analysis of the health effects of different emissions emerging, efforts to tackle NOx are rising up the agenda, particularly following last year’s successful legal challenge against the government over the country’s failure to meet European NOx pollution targets in some of the worst affected areas. Plans to target NOx are now high up the political agenda. For vehicle users and operators, these regulatory changes have the potential to become bewildering. Combined with the revelations around the Volkswagen scandal, knowing what information to trust and what vehicle to buy can be difficult. It was with this challenging backdrop in mind that the LowCVP recently joined forces with the Clean Air Alliance (CAA) – an umbrella body for organisations focused on tackling poor air quality – to launch an initiative which aims to help bring the lower carbon and cleaner air agendas closer together. We launched a joint high level communiqué, intended to provide a baseline agreement for future collaboration, at a packed reception in the House of Commons. Two immediate areas in which we aim to work together are the development of a framework for approving retrofit technology in support of the CAZ network and, secondly, to develop the next generation of consumer information for new (and used) vehicles. All stakeholders in the collaboration realise that we must have clear information which gives the fleet user everything they need to ensure their vehicles truly are lower carbon and cleaner, whilst having the confidence that they will be able to operate in all zones (Low, Ultra-Low, Congestion or Clean Air). Visit for further information on the lower carbon, clean air collaboration. FURTHER INFORMATION Twitter: @theLowCVP @aeastlake



The London Hydrogen Network Expansion programme (LHNE) is set to showcase its fuel cell range in an M25 marathon spanning five days and nights. The government‑supported scheme will see partners attempting to set new records for the longest journey on one tank of hydrogen, with the existing record being 435 miles and the longest continuous fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) journey being 6,024 miles. The project is due to begin on Monday 14 March and is part of the LHNE’s efforts to increase awareness of the benefits of hydrogen-fuelled cars and their environmental credentials. With most hydrogen cars possessing similar ranges and refuelling times to those of petrol or diesel cars, they can be considered as a direct replacement for conventional vehicles. LHNE is co-funded by Innovate UK and was set up in 2012 to

create the UK’s first hydrogen powered transport system across London and the South East. The programme has delivered a new publicly accessible SmartFuel hydrogen refuelling station and upgraded a second point to the requisite 700 bar pressure status. GreenFleet is pleased to confirm that it will be taking the wheel of the Hyundai 1x35 Fuel Cell on 16 March and will attempt to complete 50 clockwise laps of the M25 in record time. READ MORE


Hydrogen refuelling station rollout in Norway NEL Fuel AS has signed an agreement with Uno-X to rollout a minimum of 20 hydrogen refuelling stations throughout Norway. The scheme between the two Norwegian companies will see a network of hydrogen stations built with hydrogen production onsite, allowing the further adoption of fuel cell electric vehicles

across the Scandinavian country’s major cities. The joint venture, soon to be known as Uno-X Hydrogen AS, will see NEL Fuel AS provide all of the technology required for production, while Uno-X will be the main brand of the project. READ MORE

Commercial Vehicle News

Freight Transport Association HGV PLATOONS

DfT announces trial of driverless lorries The Department for Transport (DfT) has announced that the UK is set to ‘lead the way’ in testing driverless ‘HGV platoons’, with driverless lorries to be piloted on UK roads. The DfT claims that the technology will enable vehicles to move in a group, using less fuel. According to The Times, the trials are due to take place on the M6 in Cumbria later this year, with vehicles in convoy headed by a driver in the leading lorry. The plans involve platoons of up to 10 computer controlled lorries being driven metres apart from each other. Chancellor George Osborne is also expected to announce the move in his Budget speech this month and is preparing to fund the trials as part of plans to speed up lorry deliveries and reduce congestion. However, Edmund King, President of the AA, has argued that although the scheme has worked in other countries, it may not prove as successful in the UK. He explained: “The problem with the UK motorway network is that we have more entrances and exits of our motorways than any other motorways in Europe or indeed the world, and therefore it’s

very difficult to have a 44‑tonne 10-lorry platoon, because other vehicles need to get past the platoon to enter or exit the road.” The news arrives after Daimler developed a driverless lorry which was tested on public roads in Germany last October. The vehicles operate via a ‘highway pilot’ which can be activated at the press of a button, and aids the van in avoiding other road users using a radar and camera sensing system. Nonetheless, Daimler have insisted that a human driver must be present and focused on the road at all times. Commenting on the new development, a DfT spokesman said: “New technology has the potential to bring major improvements to journeys and the UK is in a unique position to lead the way for the testing of connected and driverless vehicles. “We are planning trials of HGV platoons – which enable vehicles to move in a group so they use less fuel – and will be in a position to say more in due course.” READ MORE 


Royal Mail joins the Logistics Carbon Reduction Scheme As part of its commitment to reduce carbon from its road freight, the Royal Mail has signed up to the Logistics Carbon Reduction Scheme (LCRS). Managed by the Freight Transport Association (FTA), the scheme aims to record, report and reduce carbon emissions from road transport as part of a wider industry effort to contribute to national carbon reduction targets. Speaking on behalf of the Royal Mail’s fleet operation, Paul Gatti said that working through the LCRS would help the Royal Mail to ‘share best practice and identify the best ways

to reduce its carbon footprint’. Rachael Dillon, FTA’s climate change policy manager, said of the announcement: “The FTA is pleased to welcome Royal Mail to a growing number of companies that are focused on making carbon reduction and fuel efficiency a priority within their fleet operations. The scheme is free of charge and easy to take part in, whether you have one or 1,000 vehicles. I’d encourage more companies to join this initiative.” READ MORE

Collaboration: why isn’t industry doing more? Fuel efficiency driver training and using telematics to optimise vehicle routing and driver behaviour are the top actions identified by Freight Transport Association (FTA) members in a recent survey on how they are seeking to reduce carbon emissions.

Rachael Dillon, climate change policy manager, FTA

This is followed by reducing engine idling, more frequent tyre inflation checks and improving vehicle fill. It’s clear that operational efficiencies are the most viable for companies to reduce fuel usage and subsequently carbon emissions. More complex measures such as adopting alternative fuels and low carbon technologies are happening but additional cost and lack of refuelling infrastructure prevents further take-up. Very often, the concept of sharing loads is seen as the solution to cutting empty miles and thus minimising emissions. But how easy is it? There are some well-known examples such as Nestle and United Biscuits in the UK but collaboration tends to be seen as too complicated. However, an EU‑funded project known as CO3 has proved to be an interesting insight into the potential for ‘horizontal collaboration’. Horizontal collaboration goes beyond a logistics service provider consolidating freight flows on a one-to-one basis with individual shippers, but requires a neutral third party to instigate activity. This is especially helpful when dealing with confidential data and working in competing markets. The term is unfamiliar, but the CO3 project was designed to move horizontal collaboration from blue sky thinking into an accepted business practice. Horizontal collaboration has the potential to make massive improvements in the utilisation rate of vehicles at a time when the sector is being required to decarbonise and improve air quality. A number of shippers involved in retail distribution took part in CO3 including Mars and its suppliers in France, as well as Nestle and PepsiCo in Belgium. These have provided useful case studies but we are unlikely to see more collaboration until certain circumstances change. The Centre for Sustainable Road Freight concluded, within a study for the Committee on Climate Change on freight carbon reduction, that successful implementation of collaboration needs to address barriers in data availability, and identify potential collaborative partners, as well as clarify competition law. It will therefore need to be just one of a whole host of measures to decarbonise freight. FTA manages the Logistics Carbon Reduction Scheme (LCRS), a free voluntary initiative to record, report and reduce carbon emissions for companies with HGVs and vans. The scheme helps companies to easily calculate their carbon emissions and to identify improvements that can be made. FTA also aggregates members’ data to produce a carbon footprint for the scheme allowing us to annually track the progress that we are making to carbon reduction. This evidence is vital to show government that industry can decarbonise without the need for regulation, so why not sign up now to show your support? Rachael Dillon, FTA climate change policy manager FURTHER INFORMATION To find out more visit: To sign up to the LCRS, visit: Further details on CO3 can be found at:



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Petrol and electric hybrid power mean an attractive 141.2 mpg and CO2 emissions that fall below the 50 g/km tax bracket. With xDrive, our intelligent four-wheel drive system, you can enjoy excellent BMW driving dynamics, no matter what the road conditions. The BMW 225xe also benefits from the BMW ConnectedDrive App, allowing you to connect to the car with your smartphone. This lets you stay in contact with clients, download notes and emails, as well as plan the most efficient route. Your office is now wherever you are. Visit

THE NEW BMW 225xe PLUG-IN HYBRID. Official fuel economy figures for the new BMW 225xe Active Tourer: Combined 134.5 - 141.2 mpg (2.1 - 2.0l/100 km). CO2 emissions

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Adding a further touch of green to the Highlands Demonstrating the viability of clean and green vehicles in Scotland, GreenFleet Scotland returns to Edinburgh’s Royal Highland Centre on 15 April. Here, we look at what to expect from Scotland’s main fleet event Scotland’s favourite fleet event is returning again this year for the eighth time, at the Royal Highland Centre, Ingliston. GreenFleet Scotland has been designed to help fleet decision makers acquire more knowledge on the electric and plug in vehicle market, helping them to ascertain whether these vehicles can be assimilated into their fleet. As the government continues to reinforce legislation to try and decrease the number of harmful emitting vehicles on UK roads, many organisations are being persuaded to change their fleet to ‘greener’, more eco-friendly options. Due to electric vehicles becoming more accessible, the show is a great opportunity for organisations to come down and experience the latest low-carbon, hybrid and plug-in vehicles. Alongside the vehicle manufactures, there will be fleet service providers showcasing the latest accessories and telematics systems, that can help make fleets be more efficient. The day also includes the opportunity to talk to experts about EVs, technology, leasing and surrounding infrastructure. Seminars At GreenFleet Scotland this year we will have TV presenter and motoring expert Quentin Willson as our host. Most widely known as the presenter of the motoring programmes such as Fifth Gear and the original incarnation of Top Gear, Willson will chair both sessions on the day and deliver a keynote session on how he sees the future of e-mobility developing in the UK over the coming years. GreenFleet is delighted to confirm that the E-cosse Forum, featuring various keynotes on ‘The Future of Mobility’, is the info-focal

GreenFleet Scotland

in association with

Joining them is Automotive Leasing, who have delivered fleet funding and fleet management solutions to over 550 public sector and not-for-profit organisations including the NHS, central government departments, local authorities, universities, charities and housing associations. The EV Challenge involves driving an electric vehicle as frugally as possible over a 40-mile trial and crossing a series of checkpoints, stopping at each one to take a selfie, and then as efficiently as possible, moving on to the next checkpoint. The EV Challenge will use the same electric vehicles and an EV technician will measure the real-time energy used over the 40 mile trial, and the winner will be announced later on in the day. Test drives Present at GreenFleet Scotland will be an array of manufacturers such as BMW, Tesla, Toyota, Jaguar, Mitsubishi, Lexus, Nissan and many more. The manufacturers will be available to discuss the various new models that will be available to test drive, allowing delegates to experience what it’s like to drive a low emission vehicle. Vehicles such as the BMW i collection, featuring both the i8 and i3, Tesla Model S, Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV, Toyota RAV4 and Prius hybrids, Kia Soul EV will be in attendance.

At GreenF Scotlan leet year wed this will have and moTV presenter to Quentinring expert W as our h illson ost

point of the day, delivered in two one-hour sessions. The Forum will examine how emerging technologies such as developments in smart mobility, fuel cells and autonomous vehicles will shape mobility in the medium to long-term. The 12th E-cosse Forum will bring experts from the public and private sectors together to explore ‘The Future of Mobility’ with speakers Rebecca Advani from Transport Systems Catapult discussing the opportunities and challenges associated with using autonomous vehicles to move passengers and goods between other modes of transport. As well as Rebecca, we will have Professor David Hart from E4Tech, who specialise in sustainable energy transport and are responsible for the fuel cell and hydrogen energy practices. Dr David Hart will be speaking to us about ‘fuel cell vehicles and how they will fit into the motoring infrastructure’. The Future of Mobility aims to demonstrate the viability of ultra-low emission, plug-in, hybrid and electric vehicles to organisations that want to improve the efficiency of their fleet and transport operations and to address poor air quality caused by emissions from road transport. EV Challenge The EV Challenge returns again this year, sponsored by Route Monkey, who are a leading provider of modelling and scheduling software; using powerful optimisation algorithms and apps that can solve complex fleet mobility problems.

EVOLUTION Motor Show Launched in 2014, EVOLUTION will open its doors again to the public, as the only motor show where visitors get to experience electric, hybrid and low-emission vehicles. The ultra-low emission motor show returns to the Royal Highland Centre, on the 16 April 2016, where there will be over 50 different makes and models to see and experience. There will be plenty of activities for children, including, for the first time this year, Young Driver: the UK’s largest provider of pre-17 driving lessons, delivering over 275,000 lessons to 10-17 year olds at more than 40 venues across Britain. The EVOLUTION motor show is free to attend, thanks to our partners, Transport Scotland, Scotland Enterprise and Energy Saving Trust, Scotland. L FURTHER INFORMATION








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AA Fuel Assist e: 0800 072 6870

AA Key Assist e:

AA Accident Management e: AAAccidentManagement

*Source: Mintel – UK vehicle recovery report, September 2015. Automobile Association Insurance Services Limited is an insurance intermediary authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. Registered Office: Fanum House, Basing View, Basingstoke, Hampshire RG21 4EA. Registered in England and Wales number 2414212.

Geneva Motor Show

Banking on green excitement at the Geneva motor show

3-13 MARCH 2016

Having opened its doors at the beginning of March, the 86th International Geneva motor show once again caused quite a stir with both exciting new production vehicles and interesting concept cars on show. GreenFleet turns its attention to the Swiss city and the green vehicles that caught the visitors’ attention Located right next to the city’s airport in the Palexpo exhibition centre, the Geneva motor show opened its doors to the media on the 1 March, before opening to the public from the 3-13 March. With electric vehicles, hybrid alternatives and the more conventionally-powered vehicles all dominating in their own ways, the range of choice exceeded expectations. French ingenuity Travelling the rather short distance to Geneva, small French manufacturer Bee‑Bee fast became one of the surprises of the show. Showcasing its Bee-Bee XS, a modern take on the Citroën Mehari, the relatively young company claims to have produced ‘the most efficient and lightest resort vehicle on the market’. With a canvas roof that weighs roughly 660 kilograms, its mid-mounted electric motor offers 20kW of full throttle Nissan IDS concept

power, which, when combined, contribute towards a range of 68 miles with a full recharge available within four hours. Another French manufacturer that caught the attention was Renault, with its new Scenic set to shake up the market 20 years after the company’s first compact multi‑purpose vehicle hit the road. Pitched as a comfortable family car, it has been revealed that the fourth generation of the model will be available with an electrified Hybrid Assist diesel powertrain – due to be available before the end of 2016. This system promises to combine low fuel consumption and high levels of driving enjoyment, providing a boost of acceleration at certain speeds, particularly at low revs – championing low fuel consumption. The versatile Citroën SpaceTourer displayed comfort, practicality and fuel efficiency upon its debut. Having gone a little under the radar in the build up to the Geneva

motor show, the new model is available in three variants – including a first in the market 4.6m‑long model – the SpaceTourer appears suitable for both family life and business demands. Practicality is enhanced through hands-free sliding doors, a fully opening rear window and high-set headlights. Built on a new variant of the modular EMP2 platform found in the C4 Picasso, there are new front and rear axles, two wheelbases and two rear overhangs. Technology is also enhanced via a new touchscreen seven‑inch tablet which controls all media, telephone and navigation functions as well as new mirror screen E

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The Optima plug-in hybrid is the first of its kind for Kia and will join the D-segment Optima line-up in a bid to continue creating low emission vehicles. The car is powered by a 9.8kWh lithium-polymer battery pack paired with a 50kW electric motor, allowing it to operate in pure-electric mode for more than 33 miles at speeds as high as 75mph. The innovative powertrain employs Kia’s efficient 2.0-litre ‘Nu’ four‑cylinder GDI engine at

Once e , th on sale ecome ill b Ioniq world’s first the w ering three o ff model ic powertrains electr d, PHEV and – hybri ric vehicle elect

Isn’t it Ioniq Talking of Hyundai – the Korean manufacturer may possibly have showcased one of the most significant cars of the year in the form of its new Ioniq model. Once on sale, the Ioniq will become the world’s first model offering three electric powertrains – hybrid, PHEV and electric vehicle – making low-to-zero emission mobility accessible to everyone. Appearing in all three formats at the show, the plug-in hybrid uses a 8.9kWh battery to travel around 30 miles on electric power before the petrol engine kickstarts. The all-electric model possesses a 28kWh lithium-ion pack, allowing for 155 miles of range, with a starting price of around £29,450. The hybrid option has a 1.6-litre Kappa GDi engine that produces a peak of 103bhp and 147Nm (108.5lb ft) of torque. The car of the future is electric, and it appears that 2016 may be the year in which Hyundai begins to benefit from its prolonged neglect of diesel powertrains, and will rival the Toyota Prius once it hits the road. Jochen Sengpiehl, vice president of marketing at Hyundai Motor Europe, said: “Ioniq is an important step forward for our brand. We are bringing a unique new approach to e-mobility, with no compromise on design, driving pleasure and connectivity. And we’re making it accessible to more customers, further extending our product line-up.” Hyundai’s Korean counterpart Kia provided a European debut for its Optima plug-in hybrid model, previously paraded at the Chicago Auto Show in February, as well as a first appearance for the Optima Sportswagon.

will be available with a choice of 1.7-litre turbodiesel and 2.0-litre continuously‑variable valve lift petrol engines, as well as a high‑powered 2.0-litre T-GDI (turbocharged petrol direct injection) engine for GT models. Kia also chose the Geneva Motor Show for the first European sighting of it’s Niro hybrid. A low-emissions hybrid crossover, the model has been designed to accommodate the Niro’s specific set of hybrid powertrain technologies, with a target CO2 emissions rating of sub‑89g/km (combined, based on Kia internal testing) ensuring low running costs. Kia’s 1.6‑litre ‘Kappa’ GDI engine is paired

Geneva Motor Show

 technology, allowing safe use of smartphone apps on the tablet. There is also a 180° park assist system, whereby the rear camera sends images to the seven-inch touchscreen, blind spot monitoring, road sign recognition and active cruise control, allowing the driver to adjust to the speed of the car in front. Following the unveiling of its Tipo saloon at last summer’s Istanbul motor show, the new Fiat Tipo hatchback made its debut at Geneva. Competing against the likes of the Ford Focus and the Volkswagen Golf, the new Tipo is due to go on sale in September. While fuel economy figures are yet to be announced, the engine range is made up of two diesel motors and three petrol units. It is believed to cost around £16,000 to compete against the Focus and the Hyundai i30. As the first vehicle to be produced under the new iPerformance brand, the BMW 740e iPerformance made its world premiere at the 2016 Geneva motor show. The plug-in hybrid variant of the sixth generation BMW 7 Series (G11/G12) makes use of a 2.0-litre TwinPower Turbo four-cylinder petrol engine paired in combination with an electric motor that generates 70kW (95bhp) and 250Nm (184lb ft) of torque.

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its core, which on its own generates 154bhp and 189Nm (139lb ft). The engine is coupled with the electric motor, which allows the car to operate in charge‑sustaining mode once the battery runs out of charge. The model also possesses regenerative braking and an advanced heating, ventilation and air conditioning system, with a driver‑only ventilation function to conserve energy. Manufactured exclusively for the European market, the Optima Sportswagon has the appeal and practicality of a tourer – marking the company’s first foray into the market area. The Optima Sportswagon, equipped with Kia’s latest audio-visual navigation (AVN) system,

with a 32kW electric motor and a 1.56kWh lithium‑ion polymer battery pack. The powertrain’s combined 141 ps power output is applied to the road through a highly-efficient six-speed double-clutch transmission (6DCT), with a maximum 264Nm (195lb ft) torque available in first gear. The Niro is due to enter full series production in May 2016, and will go on sale across Europe later the same year. Hosting perhaps the busiest stand at the show, American electric car company Tesla showcased its attempt to shake up the crossover scene in the shape of its new Model X. Built upon the same platform as the Model S saloon but with more high‑tech equipment, the SUV presented E Volume 92 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE


Geneva Motor Show

 plenty of reasons for why it is causing such excitement. Whether it be the upward-opening doors, curved windscreen, or dual-motor all wheel drive, the Model X’s first European outing gathered much press attention. Fuelling future inspiration Lexus entered the Geneva Motor Show by spreading excitement with its new LC 500h, the hybrid counterpart of the V8-powered coupe that was present in Detroit. It is the first vehicle to demonstrate the company’s new ‘Multi Stage Hybrid Systems’, which will help drive higher performance and greater efficiency, while also marking the ‘next phase in the evolution of Lexus’. Powered by a 3.5-litre V6 petrol engine, which works in conjunction with an electric motor, giving a combined system output of 354bhp, the LC 500h has the potential to reach 62mph (from a stationary position) in less than five seconds. The LC 500h also features a four‑speed automatic gearbox instead of the usual CVT – which Lexus claims to be a first for a hybrid car. Dubbed as a ‘hybrid with a more sporting and engaging driving experience’, full economy figures and emissions figures are yet to be confirmed, although it is rumoured to become one of the more efficient coupés. The Honda Clarity Fuel Cell also experienced its first European outing following its global unveiling at the Tokyo Motor Show in October 2015. With a range of up-to 435 miles, the Clarity Fuel Cell incorporates Honda’s most advanced technologies, and has a refuelling time comparable to that of a petrol powered car (roughly three minutes).

It is claimed to be the world’s first production model fuel cell powered sedan to house the entire fuel cell stack and drivetrain under the hood of the car. The Clarity Fuel Cell offers two driving modes – ‘Normal’ and ‘Sport’. The ‘Normal’ mode provides a balance between fuel economy and driving performance, while ‘Sport’ prioritises a more responsive accelerating feeling. In Europe, the vehicle will be introduced through the HyFIVE project in the UK and Denmark. There were many practical production cars on show at Geneva, but the Morgan EV3 perhaps stood out for other reasons. The first all-electric vehicle for the British company is based on the successful 3 Wheeler, weighing a little less than 500kg and capable of reaching 62mph in less than nine seconds. Having been given a glimpse at last year’s Goodwood Festival of Speed, the low-seated vehicle ‘looks at the world of zero emissions motoring from an entirely different perspective’. The range is quoted at 150 miles from the 20kWh lithium battery, which gives the EV3 a power-to-weight ratio of at least 120bhp per tonne. The zero-emission EV3 has been developed as part of Morgan’s membership of the Niche Vehicle Network, which brings together more than 400 small vehicle manufacturers to combine ideas and share development costs. Morgan recently received government funding towards a £6 million project to develop hybrids and more EVs going forward. Steve Morris, managing director of Morgan Motor Company, said: “The EV3 is an exciting opportunity for our

customers to enjoy the unique Morgan driving experience and the joy of tailored manufacture whilst remaining conscientious towards the future of our planet.” Amongst the many eye-catching designs and so called ‘supercars’ on the showroom floor, it says something about the Volvo V90 that it gained so much attention and praise. Since making its first showing in mid-February, where the Swedish vehicle joined the S90 saloon and XC90 SUV in Volvo’s premium model range, it has gained much acclaim for its stylish, spacious outlook and comfortable interior. Fitted with the T8 Twin Engine powertrain, the V90 boasts emissions as low as 47g/km CO2 and an official combined fuel consumption figure of 134.5mpg. The T8 Twin Engine joins the 2.0 litre petrol and diesel models in the range, using a 2.0 litre petrol engine and 65kW electric motor to deliver 320bhp. Prices are expected to begin at near £33,000. The V90 is set to be just the start of Volvo’s expansion projects, whereby electrification will front up a new direction for the company. An all electric car is in development, which is set for launch by 2019. Designing for the future DS Automobiles once again caused a stir with its unveiling of the DS E-Tense concept – an electric powered supercar. Born in Paris, the car resembles French style and luxury, and is slowly but surely moving away from parent company Citroën into the luxurious car market. With a stated fully electric range of 193 miles, the E-Tense

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Geneva Motor Show

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has 516Nm (381lb ft) of torque and 402bhp, generated by lithium-ion batteries under the car’s monocoque carbonfibre chassis. Having no rear windscreen draws the eye to the use of digital rear-view technology – combining to create a sense of perpetual motion. Lexus displayed its LF-FC fuel cell concept at Geneva with the promise that it will go on sale before 2020. Making its first European appearance, this visionary new vehicle affords a glimpse of Lexus’s design and technology direction for a future flagship saloon. First seen at last year’s Tokyo Motor Show, the LF-FC is powered by a high-output fuel cell system and features advanced, touchless controls and automated driving technologies. Its hydrogen fuel-cell electric powertrain powers the car, with the first motor driving the rear wheels and electricity being sent to two in-wheel electric motors at the front. Lexus claims that the concept’s drive system allows it to accurately distribute torque to all four wheels, resulting in ‘exceptional dynamic handling and superior road stability’. French creativity was also exemplified in Citroën’s e-Mehari concept vehicle. Styled by French fashion house Courreges, the e-Mehari is an all-electric four seat cabriolet – true to the collaboration’s intent to be

innovative and ultramodern. Drawing design inspiration from the original Mehari of 1968, the latest electric concept model uses lithium metal polymer batteries to reach top speeds of 68mph and an urban cycle range of 124 miles. Full battery recharge takes approximately eight hours. It wasn’t just the big players showcasing EV technology either. German tuner MTM added a 42bhp electric motor to the rear axle of a Bi-TDI Volkswagen T6 to create a 282bhp (243kW), 1,100Nm (811 lb ft) minibus.

Toyota its d unveile n C-HR tio produc in Geneva, A surge of SUVs With no French flamboyance er crossov nnouced it but plenty of potential, the SsangYong SIV-2 concept car and a e available b previewed a large SUV and is d l m u k o g/ w 0 9 due to enter the market in two b u years’ time. Built to be similar with a sl hybrid in size to the Nissan Qashqai, ful rain the Korean brand is pursuing t r e w o p ‘the emotional interface between the driver and the car’, with the SIV-2 due to evolve into a key model in its future plans. With SUVs becoming very popular across much of Europe, and in particular the UK, the SIV-2 is larger than the SsangYong Tivoli, which also showcased at the show. Powered by a mild hybrid powertrain – a 1.5-litre direct injection turbocharged petrol engine combined with a 10kW electric motor and a 500Wh lithium ion battery, the SIV-2 offers ‘quiet and efficient driving, reduced CO2 emissions and silent running’. Also providing an insight into future SUV plans, Skoda opened the curtains on its

Vision S concept. With a 165kW plug-in hybrid powertrain, the show car is able to accelerate from 0 to 62 mph in 7.4 seconds with a top speed of 124mph. The Skoda Vision S can travel just over 30 miles on electric alone, with a capability of 620 miles through both systems. Very Czech in external design, the internal mechanisms are very exciting. The combustion engine is a 1.4-litre TSI with 115kW (156bhp) and 250Nm (184lb ft) of torque, which works alongside an e-motor that provides 40kW of continuous power and 220Nm (162lb ft) of peak torque. It is integrated into the six‑speed DSG, which directs the power to the front wheels. A second electric motor with up to 85kW and 270Nm (199lb ft) of torque drives the rear axle – creating a smart four‑wheel drive. The Vision S driver can choose between several modes of operation – from purely electric drive to charge modes, always with the goal of maximum efficiency. VW Group stablemate SEAT also showcased its new Ateca SUV. Previously showcased at last year’s Tokyo motor show, the Mitsubishi eX Concept parked on the Palexpo floor and will hit the market within five years. Taking design inspiration from the XR‑PHEV, the eX differs from its predecessor due to its purely electric, all-wheel drive system. While it may take a few years to take to the roads, the eX marks Mitsubishi’s aim to tackle the small SUV market. The car is expected to be capable of 248 miles on a single charge and contains a next-generation battery pack. L FURTHER INFORMATION



Eco Driving

Knowing the importance of efficient motoring skills The fleet manager’s perspective should not just be on fuel-efficient cars – but also on the person behind the wheel. The Institute of Advanced Motorists explains how to drive greener and safer

Things change. The pace of change on our roads is continuous. As a professional driver it is important to know and understand these changes. We all need refreshing on the knowledge and skills we already have. Businesses consider value for money and miles per gallon when they buy new company vehicles, but the answer to rising fuel costs is not just in fuel-efficient cars; it’s in the person behind the wheel. It’s time to make sure that fleets are being driven correctly. Drivers who spend long hours driving to meetings with clients and colleagues get fined and crash more often than other drivers due to a riskier driving style. Too often, large fleets suffer significant losses due to poorly trained drivers. Yet sending out safer, more confident and fuel‑efficient drivers, is well worth the investment. Some firms still believe they are covered for accidents as long as their drivers hold a current driving licence and their vehicles have insurance and MOT – a blinkered way of looking at road safety that doesn’t comply with the law. The risks must be managed. Risk management One solution to this is Driver Risk Management (DRM). DRM saves money because the costs of road accidents are nearly always higher than the costs of repairs and insurance claims. These costs are higher for smaller businesses and the self-employed, so whatever the size of the business, it makes


financial sense to invest in a DRM strategy. An online driver risk assessment is the first step in assessing driving skills. It helps profile individual risks and proposes ways to tackle them. Each driver gets a personal skills programme that gives an audit trail and meets health and safety legislation. Some drivers may not need coaching while they drive and may be more suited to online e-learning courses. These are tailored to individuals and are a refresher for understanding good road craft and driving regulations. For drivers who are judged as high‑risk, hands-on training in real-life situations – with a qualified trainer – is best. Make sure your trainers are approved by the Driving Standards Authority and listed on their fleet trainer register.

Large er uff fleets s t losses an signific orly trained po due to rs. Sending drive r drivers is e out saf orth the well w tment inves

Green driving: the method Hurtling down the M1 and stopping and starting abruptly puts a lot of stress on the engine and tyres, and it also burns a lot of fuel. Going easy on the accelerator to maintain a constant speed – with gentler starting and stopping – is one way to save money. You’ll use the brakes less often, making for a safer drive. It’s a tip


that works for any driver in any vehicle. Choosing the right speed – of course within the limits – improves fuel efficiency and road safety. For example, on a straight road where the national speed limit is in force, 50mph is the optimum speed for fuel efficiency. Improving driver observation, anticipation and awareness increases safety and again reduces the cost for fuel and maintenance. It helps keep the car on the move as more fuel is used starting off and braking. Aim to get your staff into the habit of accelerating gradually to the most fuel‑efficient speed while looking ahead. There’s no point accelerating into a red light or traffic queue. Anticipating junctions and lights will also reduce the amount of time they are stopping with the engine still running. Most courses will get drivers into the habit of checking their vehicles frequently. They’ll learn the fuel-efficient importance of keeping oil levels and tyre pressure right – properly inflated tyres alone improve fuel efficiency by between five and ten per cent. Drivers will also learn to check brakes, lights and safety equipment and they’ll spot damage early.

Driving efficiently To drive efficiently means to avoid the spikes in performance that telematics is designed to record such as harsh braking, steering, accelerating, idling and, most importantly, inappropriate speed which can normally be mapped to show where it’s unnecessary or excessive. In general, efficient driving means knowledge of all the vehicles systems e.g. retarders on trucks/busses to make best use of the vehicle. On all vehicles, the drivers should aim to: keep moving; change gear early; choose best cruising gear; lift off accelerator early; switch off when safe; and avoid any unnecessary acceleration. The mapping device measuring driver inputs is called telematics, and the device

a few questions you might use to explore this. Do you know what your telematics system is measuring (and how accurately), and do you know how to use all the systems on your new vehicle to their optimum? Find out how your vehicle lets you know when you are driving efficiently, and what feedback your organisation gives. Ask yourself: what is your organisation’s policy regarding idling, and do you know how much idling costs your organisation per year? Do you know what the added effect to the environment idling makes (tonnes of CO2 per annum? Finally, do you know what your telematics system is measuring (and how accurately)? If an organisation fits telematics it needs to match the general culture. For instance, if it

To drive efficiently means to avoid the spikes in performance that telematics is designed to record such as harsh braking, steering, accelerating, idling and, most importantly, inappropriate speed

Reduces greenhouse gas emissions CO2) Reduces local air pollutants (asthma/ allergies and damage to buildings)

Eco Driving

Eco driving benefits

Reduces noise Creates less waste/recycle issues (rubber is a major problem to recycle) Requires fewer natural resources: oils, metals, gases (air con) etc Benefits the logistics chain (less need to ship/import resources, oil etc) Releases resources for other projects Allows for smoother traffic flow, resulting in less incidents Reduces incidents (less crashes and other types of incident) Saves fuel (capital available for other projects) Results in fewer insurance claims Reduces insurance premiums

is set to ‘normalised’ in order to look for ‘spikes’. Eco driving is all about ironing out spikes in the driving performance. The Cambus (part of the electronic brain of the engine) already records a great deal of input information. The telematics system adds mapping, speed and body roll (activation of ROP and ESP systems etcetera). Generally, when talking about telematics driving efficiently with fleet drivers, there are

normally tells drivers about new initiatives it’s best to do the same in this situation. Generally telematics are very good at comparing one driver to another to encourage ‘best practice’ modelling but often only where the organisation compares like routes/rosters and provides on road training where appropriate. The drawback about telematics is that they are obviously not recording the context of the spike (which is why in cab cameras

Reduces of corporate liability Lowers repair & maintenance costs Enhances company image (CSR: Corporate Social Responsibility)

are increasingly combined). Therefore, it’s important to take the time to ask some questions to understand why a particular driver appears to be driving inefficiently/unsafely. Some reason for spikes might be outside of the driver’s control. If a driver takes a new route, the trailer or rig is configured wrongly, or he or she has a new vehicle, this can all contribute to telematics showing spikes. Therefore, most often there is a need to look closer to what is causing the spikes. Idling The policy on vehicle idling is different for different organisations. Idling happens when the vehicle is stopped and the engine is still running. Generally, it’s recommended to switch off the engine if you don’t need to drive off within the next one minute given that it is safe to do so. That’s usually the case in queues in heavy traffic, when waiting to tip, when stopping to ask directions, when stopping in heavily pedestrianised areas to show intent to give up priority and in housing areas (especially at night or early morning). However, there are situations when it’s actually better to avoid switching off. For instance, in queues of light traffic where you need to take advantage of gaps or where on board ancillary equipment is vulnerable to prolonged switch off. For the latter, you should avoid housing estates to park up near. L FURTHER INFORMATION



Commercial Vehicles Written by the Freight Transport Association

Bridging the skills shortage gap Skills shortages are a serious issue in the freight industry, but, as the Freight Transport Association explains, training and apprenticeships are just two ways with which the problem can be addressed Skills shortages in the logistics industry continue to be a serious problem for freight operators, whether they’re trying to fill vacancies for truck drivers, vehicle engineers or warehouse staff. There’s currently a shortfall of 45,000 HGV drivers across the industry and members of the Freight Transport Association (FTA) – the UK’s biggest transport trade body – consistently report issues with recruiting and retaining staff.

three quarters of respondents reporting problems filling vacancies. More than a quarter said they had experienced long delays in replacing staff and even found it challenging to recruit agency drivers to bridge the gap. The Association has identified that the image of the industry is a key factor in recruitment, but so too are the facilities that drivers encounter throughout the UK. It is working hard to tackle both issues through a number of measures including lobbying government, engaging with stakeholders and staging high profile events. Last year, FTA held a national Driver Crisis Summit which attracted more than 600 people from across the industry. Speakers including MP Rob Flello addressed the audience on the urgent need to make logistics a more aspirational career.

FTA ng is holdi ttend oa a free tSummit Skills ry’s Ricoh nt at Cove n 17 March Arena oplore what to ex ess has progr made been

Long delays FTA’s latest member survey highlighted driving posts as the toughest to recruit, with

Skills Summit Following last year’s event, FTA is holding a free to attend Skills Summit at Coventry’s Ricoh Arena on 17 March to explore what progress has been made and what more can


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be done. Delegates will have the opportunity to discuss how the profile and perception of the industry can be changed and there will be a series of panel sessions and masterclasses featuring vital information on issues

Essential role June Powell, FTA’s director of operations, said: “Apprenticeship schemes have an essential role to play in order to encourage young people to enter a career in logistics. But much still needs to be done to make the industry more attractive and to help employers recruit and retain staff.” The average age of a professional lorry driver is 48 and apprenticeships are vital if young people are to be drawn to the industry. But cost is also a factor and FTA wants the government to offer student-style loans to make HGV driver training more affordable. Sally Gilson, FTA’s skills policy development manager, said: “One thing we think the government can really focus on is introducing vocational loans – a funding system similar to student loans – because that will allow

people to take their licences off their own backs or companies can use it as a way of sponsoring people through their licences.” The issue was raised in January when FTA chief executive David Wells gave evidence to a Transport Select Committee hearing into skills and workforce planning in the road haulage sector. He pressed members to explore licence acquisition funding and also raised other issues including the image of the industry and facilities for truck drivers. There is a shortage of lorry parks and truck stops across the country, which means drivers are forced to stop at the roadside. This attracts complaints from local residents about litter and unsafe parking. Better facilities FTA is campaigning for better facilities to enable drivers to park safely and securely to take their required rest periods – something that was echoed by truck driver Jenny Tipping at last year’s summit. She said: “Where you create an image of the industry by providing poor facilities it becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy – you get the drivers that you cater for. If you provide better facilities then you are going to get better people wanting to stay in the industry, and that doesn’t matter whether it’s male or female.” Professionalising the industry is crucial if young people are to be inspired to consider careers in logistics and, as well as helping to develop a new apprenticeship, FTA has created a qualification for transport managers. The Commercial Fleet Manager Qualification (FMQ) – the first of its kind in the industry – seeks to improve and formalise the skills E

Official EU-regulated test data are provided for comparison purposes and actual performance will depend on driving style, road conditions and other non-technical factors. 2015-16 tax year. General Motors UK Limited, trading as Vauxhall Motors, does not offer tax advice and recommends that all Company Car Drivers consult their own accountant with regards to their particular tax position. * = Terms and conditions apply and vehicles are subject to availability. Please call 0870 240 4848 for full details. All figures quoted correct at time of going to press (March 2016).

Commercial Vehicles

surrounding school leavers, jobseekers, foreign workers, armed service leavers and retaining the skills that organisations currently have. Encouraging young people into the sector is a key focus and FTA has sponsored Think Logistics, an industry-led initiative that encourages those working in logistics to visit schools and colleges to talk about the career opportunities that exist. The Association is also encouraging its own staff to support the initiative, and will take part in the Skills Show at Birmingham’s NEC in November for the second year running to showcase the many logistics careers on offer to young people. FTA was instrumental in getting government approval for an apprenticeship for truck drivers in December: Minister for Skills Nick Boles MP rubber-stamped the HGV Driver Standard after a third submission for consideration.






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high standards and is available for members to deliver through their own in‑house training, saving time and money. The Association is also keen to recognise the exceptional skills of those already working in the industry and has launched its Driver of the Year competitions for 2016. Previously open only to van drivers, the contest now has two classes for drivers of 18 and 44-tonne trucks too. The contests will be held at Mercedes-Benz, Wentworth Park, near Barnsley, from 12 to 14 July and the overall winner will receive a £1,000 holiday voucher. FTA members and Van Excellence accredited operators can register

themselves or their drivers at events/driver-of-the-year-2016.html L FURTHER INFORMATION Register for a free place at the FTA Skills Summit – Attract, Recruit, Retain – and view the full programme at: addressing_the_skills_shortage.html

Commercial Vehicles

 of fleet managers and is the first step in FTA’s planned suite of qualifications in partnership with City and Guilds. James Hookham, deputy chief executive, said: “FTA plans to create a flexible range of fleet management qualifications that offer exceptional industry standards. We need nationally-recognised qualifications that will enable people to demonstrate transferable skills to move across sectors. “Currently most training is done in-house and is not recognised by other companies or sectors, which makes it difficult for people to progress. That needs to change.”

Further details about FTA’s Driver CPC and other training courses are available on 03717 11 22 22.

Ongoing crisis In the past, fleet managers have turned to employment agencies to supply temporary drivers to meet peak demand periods such as Christmas. But the ageing driver population and fewer young people entering training has created an ongoing crisis in the industry. The situation has been exacerbated by the introduction of the Driver Certificate of Professional Competence (DCPC). Many drivers nearing the end of their careers opted to retire early or move to other driving work not requiring a DCPC rather than complete the training following the September 2014 deadline. All HGV drivers in scope of the regulation are required to have completed 35 hours approved training and be in possession of a Driver Qualification Card (DQC) issued by DVLA. Most transport operators cover the cost of DCPC training for their permanent employees, but this is not the case for freelance agency drivers who face having to fund it themselves on top of the licence acquisition fee of around £3,000. For many, the cost is prohibitive – hence FTA’s appeal to the government to offer vocational loans as a springboard. Accredited Driver CPC training FTA recognises the importance of qualifications to build a more professional public image of the industry and to create a clear career path with transferrable skills. It has also developed its own accredited Driver CPC training which sets exceptionally




Have you considered how much your fleet can save? Zeta Automotive designs, develops and supplies a range of cutting‑edge electronic control products that enable vehicle fleet operators to reduce fuel consumption and cut CO2 emissions output. Established in 1989, in Bicester, Oxfordshire, Zeta Automotive is a Tier One Supplier to the motor industry and design a wide range of innovative electronic vehicle management solutions for the commercial vehicle market. Zeta Automotives’ range of products includes the award winning and patented EconoSpeed Connect, a dynamic acceleration control unit, enabling commercial vehicle fleets to streamline operations, reduce their carbon footprint and boost profits. Plus Reverse Speed limiting and Intelligent

Speed Adaption. Arriva PLC recently acquired a majority stake in Zeta Automotive, after the successful trials of EconoSpeed Connect on Arriva buses – showing fuel savings of up to seven per cent. Zeta Automotive is currently rolling out the EconoSpeed Connect product across 7,000 buses in the Arriva fleet, across nine European countries. With a highly experienced R&D team at the forefront of its cutting‑edge technologies and strong project delivery capabilities, Zeta Automotive is well placed to deliver greater profitability, and

improved operational business performance across commercial vehicle fleets. FURTHER INFORMATION Tel: 01869 326712




MEET PAULA: FUEL ChAMPion Paula couldn’t believe her eyes when she saw how much this quarter’s fuel spend had dropped. We asked Paula what was her secret: “Steertrak: We got them in to laser align all of our vehicles” And what difference does it make? “Have you ever tried pushing a shopping trolley when the wheels aren’t straight? It’s just hard work. It’s no different on a truck either...Wonky wheels means wasted fuel!” Many fleets are still missing this fuel saving opportunity because they still think of wheel alignment as just “Tracking”. Steertrak take a whole vehicle approach assessing all aspects of steering and axles, operational use and maintenance. It’s a case of straight wheels, straight driving and savings straight to the bottom line.


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With efficiency high on its agenda, DAF Trucks has spent the last 18-months focusing on lowering customers’ operating costs. DAF Transport Efficiency, the company-wide initiative, covers product enhancements and after sales services

GreenFleet spoke to Ray Ashworth, DAF Trucks xoxoxoxo managing director, to catch up on yet another market-leading performance in 2015 and FURTHER INFORMATION to find out the true meaning of efficiency. xxx DAF Trucks finished 2015 commanding 26 per cent of the truck market, hitting its volume objectives by registering 11,467 vehicles and consolidating its position as market leader – the 21st year DAF Trucks has headed the market. Ray said: “We know we have a fantastic product range and, through our DAF Transport Efficiency programme, I believe we have a brand that’s as desirable as any in the market. Yes, today’s Euro-6 DAF truck is at the forefront of commercial vehicle technology, but it’s DAF’s culture of care that has remained a constant theme throughout, and it’s all being delivered through our DAF Transport Efficiency programme.” Product upgrades DAF Transport Efficiency encompasses a range of product upgrades in tandem with a customer support portfolio updated to provide operators with a complete whole-life ownership proposition. Ray commented:“On the product front, DAF Transport Efficiency includes Eco Mode as standard – shown to reduce fuel use by one per cent, Silent Mode to meet urban delivery restrictions, Predictive Cruise Control and Predictive Shifting to aid fuel economy, Advanced Emergency Braking System and Lane Departure Warning System to promote safety, MX Engine Brake and Driver Performance Assistant to boost productivity.” Product developments are only part of the DAF Transport Efficiency story. DAF Telematics is the culmination of a partnership with Microlise, widely known as the commercial vehicle industry’s ‘go-to’ specialist for

on‑board fleet management technology. Ray says: “DAF Telematics now features a Remote Digital Tachograph Download facility, allowing customers to reduce time and administration costs in the retrieval and management of tachograph data, and allowing data to be downloaded while vehicles are out on the road.” Hire Plus PACCAR Financial is DAF Trucks’ in‑house truck finance company. Among many attractive finance options, PACCAR Financial boasts Hire Plus; an ‘all in’ funding package that includes an Operating Lease agreement combined with a DAF Multi‑Support Repair & Maintenance contract. Hire Plus is set-up and managed through the DAF dealer network, thus, ‘maintaining the fundamentally important customer/dealer interface and, in so doing, fostering successful and long-lasting business relationships’. DAF First Choice is the quality-assured used truck programme managed by PACCAR Financial. DAF First Choice late last year boosted its acquisition offering by enhancing warranty products across its range of late model/low-mileage used vehicles. Already supplied with an attractive six-months driveline warranty, called First Choice Care, DAF First Choice operators now benefit from a new three-month full vehicle ‘bumper-to-bumper’ warranty plus a further three-months of driveline-only. Ray added: “Unique to the appeal of this new customer support product, is that First Choice Care is a full manufacturermanaged warranty package, rather than an ‘insurance add-on.” DAF Trucks’ wide-ranging Repair & Maintenance programme, DAF MultiSupport, is now a feature on over 40 per cent of new

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DAF sales. DAF MultiSupport is available in a number of packages to suit a range of operators’ needs – from a basic driveline package through to a fully comprehensive R&M arrangement that includes preventative maintenance, breakdown support, non‑driveline repairs and compliance. Ray continues: “Arguably the jewel‑in‑the‑crown in DAF Truck’s customer support portfolio, DAFaid stands head‑and‑shoulders above the competition when it comes to roadside assistance. Our industry leading average time of 96 minutes from initial call to ‘wheels moving’ remains the standard by which other truck marques are measured.”

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DaFaid DAFaid succeeds in many areas, not least with respect to its 131 dealer points across the UK and 1000 service locations across Europe. 24/7 service, trained incident managers, ‘link and chase’ technology, European coverage with International Truck Service (ITS) – all combine to provide DAF customers with the DAF Transpoprt Efficiency advantage. With the DVSA’s OCRS system becoming integral to ‘O’ Licence accreditation, truck operators will see tangible benefits derived from DAFcheck, the DAF customer’s own web-based, document management system for recording fleet inspections, maintenance and service history. Available free-of-charge, DAFcheck provides operators with a dedicated website accessed via an email and password login. PACCAR Parts PACCAR Parts is the company behind DAF Parts (genuine parts for all DAF vehicles) and TRP, the cost-effective parts solution for all-makes of truck and for all types of trailers and tankers. Ray concluded: “Today’s parts offering from DAF Trucks includes on-line ordering and same-day Parts deliveries to customers’ own workshops. Again, the DAF dealer/ customer interface is critical in delivering tailored Parts supply solutions. “You see, efficiency isn’t simply about a frugal engine. Real efficiency takes into account operators’ whole-life requirements, and DAF Transport Efficiency delivers the complete solution.” L FURTHER INFORMATION +44 (0)7860 649658



April 26 - 28th NEC BIRMINGHAM

The UK’s

BIGGEST Commercial Vehicle Show

The number one road transport and logistics event in Britain, catering for every operator’s business needs, the CV Show is the leading meeting place for suppliers and operators alike – a true one stop shop for the industry. Located at the NEC, at the heart of the motorway network, the Show is open from 08:30 to 17:30 April 26 – 28.


Get your FREE ticket Register today Exhibitor enquiries call +44 (0) 20 7630 2102

Commercial Vehicle Show

Adding new ideas to your CV

The Commercial Vehicle Show once again opens its door to commercial vehicle operators on 26-28 April at Birmingham’s NEC, with far greater choice than any other exhibition serving the sector. GreenFleet looks ahead to a trailer load of innovation and interest at the show The Commercial Vehicle (CV) Show is the largest and most comprehensive road freight transport, distribution and logistics event staged in Britain, catering for every operator’s requirements and purposely designed to provide a truly rewarding and informative day. Held under one roof, at the UK’s best connected venue by road, rail or air, visitors will discover hundreds of exhibitors spanning the whole road freight transport, distribution and logistics supply business. This ranges from truck, van and trailer manufacturers through to fork lift trucks, insurers, tyre, telematics and training providers, fuels and lubricants suppliers. With over 19,500 visitors attending the CV Show 2015, the event remains the ‘go-to’ event for anyone involved in operating commercial vehicles, logistics and distribution based businesses.

components to a 44-tonne vehicle lift. Many of the visitors run fleets of cars, vans and trucks. Companies like Centrica, BT and RAC operate huge numbers of vehicles and spend serious sums on replacement parts and garage equipment. Workshop is supported by both the Garage Equipment Association (GEA) and the Independent Automotive Aftermarket Federation (IAAF). Entering the cool zone For those moving goods that require a constantly controlled temperature the Cool sector is a must visit. Here visitors will come face‑to‑face with a huge range of refrigerated vehicles and bodywork, side by side with the latest fridge units, monitoring equipment and other products specific to cold chain operations. For transport operators moving goods that need to be kept at a constantly controlled temperature the Cool zone at the CV Show is top of the visit list. A massive range of refrigerated vehicles and bodywork will be showcased, with the latest fridge units and systems, monitoring equipment and many other products and services specific to cold chain operations on display. Cool 2016 has its own logo and identity and will again be positioned between the visitor entrances to NEC halls 3a and 4, therefore benefiting from high footfall from both sides. Meticulous floor planning ensures visitors can easily find the companies, products and services they are looking for.

One of the es to nam biggest comeback make a agen, which w is Volks e using the will b exhibit its show toransporter latest T Caddy and

Workshop 2016 To ensure your vehicles are kept running at maximum efficiency, the Workshop sector will showcase everything from OE components and replacement parts to maintenance management systems, garage, workshop and bodyshop equipment. Workshop is an integral and essential part of the renowned CV Show and underlines the need for regular vehicle maintenance, whether it is for passenger cars, vans, light or heavy trucks. It aims to be an all‑encompassing shop window spanning the whole automotive aftermarket and CV maintenance sector. Wholesalers will be looking for ideas and solutions often critical to the success or failure of their businesses – which can be anything from small car

Here come the vans The latest new vans from some of the best‑known names in the light commercial

vehicle industry are set to be a major draw at the 2016 CV Show, with key manufacturers such as Citroën, Fiat, Ford, Isuzu, Iveco, LDV, Mitsubishi, Peugeot, Toyota and Volkswagen all taking high-profile stand space at the free-to-attend event. One of the biggest names to make a comeback is Volkswagen, which will be using the show to exhibit its latest Transporter and Caddy. The German manufacturer will also be announcing a new Converter Recognition Programme. The Programme builds on the company’s existing Engineered For You and Engineered To Go schemes and will ensure VW conversions meet operators’ needs and expectations while widening the range of approved conversions available on VWCV bodies. The scheme will allow customers to access a one-stop-shop for converted vehicles, meaning the whole vehicle can be ordered through the Van Centre. The programme stipulates that any conversion warranty must match that of the base vehicle. Commenting on the brand’s decision to return to the CV Show, Kirsten Stagg, head of marketing, said: “We’re looking forward to being back at the CV Show in April. It’s great timing for us to consolidate the launches of the new Caddy and Transporter, as well as to meet customers and provide opportunities for our teams and those from our dedicated Van Centre network to build relationships. “Meeting customers at the show gives us a chance to understand their requirements and demonstrate how we can support them and their businesses.” Also making a welcome return is Toyota, which will be exhibiting the latest variants of its light commercial range, appearing at the CV Show for the first time since 2008. Gareth Matthews, Toyota LCV manager, said: “We are looking forward to returning to the CV show in 2016. The venue will provide us the perfect opportunity to demonstrate  Volume 92 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE


It pays to be green with our advanced telematics solution TRAFFILOG Come and see us on stand G21 at this year’s

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 how we plan to increase Toyota presence and product line-up in the light commercial vehicle market. Further information regarding how we will develop this strategy will be revealed in the coming weeks.” Other show highlights will be Mitsubishi, showcasing the very latest L200 pick-up, and the long anticipated return of the LDV name, with the new Chinese-built V80 panel van expected to make its UK debut. The 2016 CV Show will also feature a massive range of racking and storage solutions for LCV’s from the likes of Bott, Bri-Stor, Rhino, Sortimo, System Edstrom, Tevo and many others, along with a range of goods from smaller suppliers designed to make the art of personalising a van or making it fit for a specific job much easier. Celebrating LCVs Renault is looking to build on recent sales success, after enjoying its 18th consecutive year as Europe’s best selling LCV brand. In 2015, Renault LCV sales in the UK reached their highest ever level, and the company will be marking this with a strong presence at the CV Show 2016. Renault’s stand in Hall 5 will showcase 11 vehicles that illustrate the diversity and versatility of the manufacturer’s LCV offering with themes of design, technology and conversions. The stand will also provide an insight into the recently-introduced Pro+ specialist dealer network which is set to double in size in the UK by 2017. On display will be everything from a Master LHL35 RWD with 17 cubic metres of load space, to the Kangoo Z.E electric van and Twizy Cargo. Official conversions will include the Master-based Welbus conversion and the public debut of the 3.5‑tonne Master Passenger that can be driven on a normal driving licence. All Renault LCVs come with Renault’s four-year, 100,000-mile warranty with roadside assistance. Renault’s Euro 6 advancements will be demonstrated by several engine displays, and representatives from Financial Services, Renault Aftersales and Renault iCare will be available to speak to stand visitors about any finance or ownership queries. Kwik Fit, the UK’s largest automotive repair company, will be using the show as a platform to promote its capability to serve the UK light commercial sector, after extending its business into vehicle servicing and MoTs as well as traditional fast-fit services. Kwik Fit fleet director Peter Lambert said: “The CV Show is the shop window for commercial vehicle operators and, at the event four years ago, Kwik Fit launched its improved service to light commercial vehicle fleets, small business, sole traders and the retail market. “Since then demand for Kwik Fit’s light commercial vehicle tyre fitting offer and expanded range of mechanical services has increased significantly, particularly as the number of vans on the UK’s roads continues to rise rapidly. The Show continues to provide a major focus for Kwik Fit to promote its comprehensive range of services to the sector, to secure new business opportunities and to network with existing customers.” Hong Kong-based Shenzhen Sinopoly Battery Limited, part of the FDG Group, is using the CV Show to highlight its electric vehicle

Commercial Vehicle Show

Renault’s stand will showcase 11 vehicles that illustrate the diversity and versatility of the manufacturer’s LCV offering, including the all‑electric Kangoo Z.E and Twizy Cargo operations. The group is building an innovative marketing platform for the latest in green technology, including electric vehicles and the recycling of lithium-ion and energy storage batteries. There are two new electric vehicle R&D centres that form part of the Company: Jasmin New Energy Electric Vehicle R&D Center and Shanghai’s Sinopoly Battery Research Centre Limited. The Group has two advanced lithium-ion battery production plants, the Sinopoly Liaoyuan Plant and the Sinopoly Tianjin Plant, as well as two new electric vehicle manufacturing plants, the core plant of Hangzhou Changjiang Automobile Co and the coach production base of Yunnan FDG Automobile. Together, the two automotive production bases say they are capable of producing 100,000 electric vehicles per year. FDG has a full product line ranging from pure electric cars to commercial vehicles and 12-metre long buses. Tankers and trailers Some of the best known trailer and tanker builders in the world will use the Commercial Vehicle Show as their shop window. Among the high profile exhibitors in this sector are Cartwright Group, Doll Fahrzeugbau, Don-Bur, Feldbinder UK, Fuller Tankers, Kässbohrer, Maisonneuve, Magyar, Montracon, SDC Trailers, Tiger Trailers and Whale Tankers. With Reefer specialists Chereau and Gray & Adams also exhibiting, the show 

The fleet maintenance and emissions control specialists BG Products arrived in the UK, from USA, in 2000. In the USA the company is regarded as specialists in the maintenance of fleet efficiency, delivering benefits in terms of fuel saving and preventative maintenance. The preventative maintenance is not only allowing expensive vehicles to stay on the road much longer but also dramatically reducing expensive component failure such as DPF and EGR. BG’s preventative maintenance schedules focus on the key areas of combustion and lubrication. Scheduled pour in treatments will restore and maintain the cleanliness of the very fine spray holes in injectors. This allows the injectors to meter fuel to the level of accuracy that is vital for efficiency and power. Other treatments have shown restoration of horse power, through restored compression, in excess of four per cent (four per cent lost in less than 45,000

miles). BG’s oil treatments have shown a remarkable improvement in soot control, leading to longer and better oil flow and so protecting the engine better, for longer. Other examples of where BG Products has reduced fleet maintenance costs, reduced emissions and reduced fuel usage. London Hire reduced DPF and EGR failures by over 2.000 per cent, while Haliburton reduced fuel costs by 4.1 per cent and NOx by 48 per cent. FURTHER INFORMATION Tel: 01284 777934



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Commercial Vehicle Show

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 promises an impressive display at the business end of road transport. Making its CV Show debut will be Kässbohrer, which has manufacturing facilities in Germany, Turkey and Russia and is looking forward to expanding its market presence in the UK after returning to the British market very recently. Kässbohrer CEO Iffet Turken said: “The CV Show is the ideal place for us to learn more about the UK market and to meet our customers and our suppliers, as well as to develop new business relationships. It’s a very cost-effective way for us to meet a lot of people in the road haulage industry, many of whom may not have seen our products before.” UK-based manufacturer SDC were the first to return to the CV Show after the dark days of the recession and have been ever present since. For 2016, they will be exhibiting their latest Aeroliner, along with other high volume trailers. Cheshire-based Tiger Trailers now has well over 1,200 trailers and products of various types operating on UK and European roads, with the company looking to forge more relationships with new clients at the CV Show 2016. To demonstrate the diversity of its product range, Tiger is exhibiting its Mega Straight Frame Chassis with a curtainside body. The trailer has a full length lifting deck with a lifting roof, which allows it to be 100 per cent loaded on both the top and bottom decks. Compared to traditional UK step frame design lifting decks, the Tiger offering claims a load fill increase of 20 per cent. In addition, the chassis is fully galvanised, and comes with an eight-year anti-corrosion warranty. SAF axles with high lift air bags and a Knorr Bremse braking system are also fitted. All of Tiger’s bodies, from rigid and urban semitrailers, through to double deck van or curtain combinations are manufactured at the company’s new state-of-the-art facility in Winsford, Cheshire. Refrigeration Meanwhile, French refrigerated trailer builder Chereau will have a busy stand in the Cool Zone, following news that the Normandy-based company has recently merged with Spanish builder SOR to form a new reefer giant. Chereau’s Christophe Danton said: “Our aim is to become the biggest reefer manufacturer on the market. As well as celebrating that, we will also be showing our new Smart Open-C trailer – unlike most refrigerated units, the roller shutter opens on the outside of the container, allowing it to be open and closed quickly, which is a huge benefit to temperature controlled distribution.” Chereau has also just celebrated a major milestone, with over 100,000 of its units sold. The Chereau 100,000-Series special edition trailer will be the highlight of the company’s stand, with 50 of them destined for the UK market. On the tanker side, regular CV Show exhibitor G Magyar will be showing a range of its tankers, semi-trailers and swap tanks, suitable for all purposes from chemicals and petroleum to liquids and foodstuffs. Rob Skelton, CV Show director, said: “Trailers and tankers really are the backbone of the road transport and logistics industry – what’s on the back of the truck is as important as the truck itself when it comes to transporting goods in a controlled and safe manner. The wealth of exhibitors in this sector that are using the CV Show to demonstrate the diversity of their products shows just how significant this sector of the industry is.” L FURTHER INFORMATION

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Plug-in Car Grant

Supporting the uptake of ultra‑low emission vehicles Changes to the Plug in Car Grant came into effect on 1 March 2016. GreenFleet examines what this means for prospective buyers and the future uptake of electric vehicles The Plug-in Car Grant (PiCG) was first launched in January 2011 to promote greater uptake of Ultra-Low Emission Vehicles (ULEVs) in the UK. Since its introduction, over 53,084 claims have been made using the grant, which gives buyers up to £5,000 off of the purchase price of a plug-in vehicle. With the initial iteration of the PiCG scheduled to finish at the end of 2015, interested parties were concerned with what this could mean for the immediate future of plug-in hybrids (PHEVs) and electric vehicles (EVs) in the UK. The Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV) went some way to assuage these concerns in June of last year, when it confirmed that a new form of grant would be introduced using a tiered system, and the industry waited with baited breath for further details of just how drastic the changes would be. The PiCG has been credited as having a positive impact on the increased uptake of ULEVs since its introduction, as it goes some way to reduce the large initial costs associated with PHEVs and EVs, which can act as a barrier for prospective buyers still on the fence about the new technology. With the cost of batteries continuing to fall, it is likely that EV pricing will fall more in line with its combustion engine counterparts in

the not too distant future. But as it currently stands, the relatively ’affordable’ Nissan Leaf 24kWh starts at £21,490 including ownership of the battery, or from £16,490 with an additional £70 a month battery rental, which places it outside the price range of a large portion of the British public. For continued growth in the new registrations of plug-in cars, many believe the continuation of a sizeable grant is still an essential component. It was confirmed in August 2015 that the first PiCG would officially finish at the end of February 2016, with OLEV announcing in December that the changes due to come into place from 1 March would be part of a long‑term extension of the PiCG guaranteed to continue until at least the end of March 2018, with the backing of £400 million worth of funding pledged to support greater uptake of ULEVs.

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What’s changed? A big change to the new PiCG is that eligible vehicles will now be split into three categories. Up until 1 March, the PiCG has been available to all vehicles emitting less than 75g/km of CO2, offering buyers a 35 per cent discount off the basic price of an eligible car, up to a maximum of £5,000. As of 1 March, cars with CO2 emissions of less than 50g/km and a zero-emission range of at least 70 miles will fall into Category 1,


cars with CO2 emissions of less than 50g/km and a zero-emission range between 10 and 69 miles will fall into Category 2. In addition, those vehicles emitting CO2 emissions of 50 to 75g/ km and a zero emission range of at least 20 miles fall into Category 3. The highest discount available has been reduced from £5,000 to £4,500 off the basic price of the vehicle, which will only be available to cars that fall into Category 1. A smaller grant of up to £2,500 is now available for Category 2 cars, with the £2,500 grant also available for Category 3 vehicles. Another new rule which has been brought in with these changes is that any vehicles in Category 2 or 3 that cost over £60,000, including number plates, vehicles excise duty and VAT, will no longer be eligible for the grant. This means that discounts will not be available for either of the Mercedes-Benz S500 Hybrid or the Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid. This will also effect the BMW i8 and the Volvo XC90 T8 Twin Engine, which would fall into Category 2, but currently retail for over £60,000. The new grant system also contains ‘trigger points’ for a further review of grant levels, which are 40,000 Category 1 vehicles and 45,000 combined sales of Category 2 and 3 vehicles. While these seem like fairly large targets, both totals will include cars sold before March 2016, meaning that the 23,000 or so Category 1 vehicles already submitted for Category 1, as well as the 28,000 or so claims for Category 2 and 3, will be counted along with any new vehicles registered under the new grant scheme.

the same month last year. Mitsubishi attributed this large spike to buyers pre-empting the changes to the PiCG, which have reduced the total discount available from £5,000 to £2,500. While this isn’t necessarily cause for concern, it could forebode a large drop in sales now the changes have come into effect. Mitsubishi’s UK boss Lance Bradley believes that the reduction to the grant will lead to an ‘initial lull’, but says the Outlander PHEV is unlikely to suffer a long-term drop off, as there are still a great deal of benefits to plug-in electric vehicles, including substantial tax savings. Bradley said: “We never expected the grant to last forever, we just asked for a phased removal, and while this change has come quicker than we hoped, we expect to maintain momentum.” Transport Minister Andrew Jones has said that continuing the grant in a ‘sustainable’ way will ensure that ‘more than 100,000 people’ will benefit from financial support, with the government press release claiming it will ‘treble the number of ULEVs on Britain’s roads’. Plug-in Van Grant Commenting on the effect these changes would have, Gooding also drew attention to the ‘almost non-existent’ electric van market, which he warned could prove to be a greater concern than changes to the PiCG. He said: “This was perhaps where the greatest hope lay with expectations that urban delivery firms and local authorities, whose vehicles did known mileages

‘These changes to grant rates are vital to ensure that funding is sustainable moving into the future’ big success stories has been the Mitsubishi Outlander plug-in hybrid which currently attracts a £5,000 grant. But under the new rules that will fall to just £2,500. Much will depend on how manufacturers respond and whether they adapt their pricing policies.” Top of the range The Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV stands at the best selling plug-in in the UK, and saw a dramatic spike in sales in February 2016, with sales increasing by 41 per cent compared to The changes to the Plug-in Car Grant will not apply to the Plug-in Van Grant

and could be easily recharged at the depot overnight, would go electric.” These changes to the PiCG will not apply to the PiVG, which will remain unchanged. However, so far the PiVG has shown disappointing uptake, with only 1,906 claims since it was launched in 2012. Part of this is likely due to more limited choice of vehicle when compared to the PiCG, but it highlights that work to promote low emissions alternatives among van users could prove to be a more effective use of

Category 1: £4,500 PiCG BMW i3 BYD e6 Citroën C-Zero Ford Focus Electric Kia Soul EV Mercedes-Benz B-Class Electric Drive Mitsubishi i-MiEV Nissan e-NV200 Nissan Leaf Peugeot iOn Renault Fluence Renault Zoe Smart Fortwo electric drive Tesla Model S Toyota Mirai Volkswagen e-Up Volkswagen e-Golf

Plug-in Car Grant

What do the changes mean? The government has said that these changes to grant rates are vital to ensure that funding is sustainable moving into the future, and that the new tiered system will enable ‘focused financial support to the greenest vehicles’. A big reason for the reduction in maximum grants is that the sales of ULEVs continue to rise, or ‘rocket’, to use the words of Transport Minister Andrew Jones, with 29 different vehicles currently on the market, five times as many as when the PiCG was first launched. The grant was claimed 462 times between January and March in 2011, which steadily increased to a total of 8558 for the same period in 2015. It is simple maths to work out that as more and more buyers apply for the PiCG, the monetary cost will rise, which has led to this new tiered approach. Some have met these changes with scepticism, warning that dropping incentives could stunt the large growth seen over the past few years at a time where the government needs to capitalise on the growing popularity of ULEVs. Steve Gooding, director of the RAC Foundation, said: “Given that the market was almost non-existent just five years ago there has clearly been progress made in getting drivers to go ultra-low and manufacturers will be relieved government has decided to taper the grant rather than scrapping it completely. “The question is whether the new grants will be enough to nudge our choice of vehicles towards the eco-friendliest options. One of the

Which vehicles fall into which category?

Category 2: £2,500 PiCG Audi A3 e-tron BMW i8 BMW 225xe BMW 330e Mercedes-Benz C350e Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV Toyota Prius Plug-in Vauxhall Ampera Volkswagen Golf GTE Volvo V60 D6 Plug-in Hybrid Volvo XC90 T8 Twin Engine Category 3: £2,500 PiCG Mercedes-Benz S500 Hybrid Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid

Price cap of £60,000 in categories 2 and 3 means any ULEVs over this price will not be eligible for the PiCG. time and money than incentives to prop up the wider ULEV passenger car market, which appears to be growing at a steady rate. Meeting climate targets The Committee on Climate Change has estimated that nine per cent of the new car market should be ULEVs within the next five years for the UK to meet its legal obligation to cut greenhouse emissions by 80 per cent by 2050. This, paired with the government’s pledge to make ‘almost every car and van’ zero‑emission by 2050 as part of the COP21 climate agreement, means that the continued growth of the ULEV market will remain a vital component of Britain’s future efforts to reduce emissions and prevent climate change. As it stands we cannot be sure what effect these changes will have on the sales of ULEVs in the UK. The sector may well continue to grow despite the reductions and, as initial costs of EVs are expected to drop, subsidies will likely give way to other barriers to adoption, such as range anxiety, charging infrastructure and resale uncertainty. L FURTHER INFORMATION office-for‑low-emission-vehicles



Scotland’s Premier Low Emission Vehicle Event Friday 15th April 2016 Royal Highland Centre, Edinburgh

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Simon Cotton, general manager at fleet management specialist CLM, takes an in-depth look at the issue of fleet outsourcing

Outsourcing is the ‘contracting out’ of a business function, such as the management of the vehicle fleet, to a third party specialist without your business losing the overall control. The appointed third-party organisation takes control of the function and becomes responsible for its success. Outsourcing allows you to concentrate on your core business activities and, at the same time, save money, be more flexible and manage growth effectively. It also allows your business to gain access to outside management expertise and technologies. If managed successfully, outsourcing can help your business reduce its costs and make effective use of the knowledge and technical resources of another organisation. The process should be properly managed

and monitored internally, and should be seen as a replacement of a function rather than a replacement for internal staff.

Written by Simon Cotton, general manager, CLM

The lowering of the overall cost of the service to the business can save you money. This will involve reducing the scope, defining quality levels, re-pricing, re-negotiation, cost re-structuring. It can also give your business the edge when adapting to changing market conditions. Achieve a step change and improve quality through contracting out the function aligned to a new service level agreement. Wider knowledge can also be gained as outsourcing can provide access to the intellectual property, wider experience and greater specialist knowledge of your outsource partner. Outsourcing also delivers contract security as services will be provided to a legally‑binding contract with financial penalties and legal redress. This is not the case with internal services. You can also enjoy access to operational best practice that would be too difficult or time consuming to develop in-house. The outsourcing company you choose should be a specialist in the process or service you ask them to carry out for you.  Staffing issues can be addressed, too, as access to a larger talent pool can be gained through outsourcing as well as a sustainable source of skills. An improved method of capacity management of services and technology is also available, where the risk in providing the excess fleet management capacity is borne by the supplier. An improved approach to risk management for some types of risks can also be gleaned, thanks to partnering up with an outsourcer who is better able to provide the mitigation.

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Outsourcing your fleet: is it right for you?

Consider rcing u your options o s t u O p It may be tempting to u e rush into outsourcing, can fre ness to i s u but take the time b your n its core to think through focus os and allow what you need, set h the terms and find strengt edirection the right service the r ernal provider. You should consider the following of int ads e questions: Which h r e v o are my core strengths

Why should I outsource? The benefits of outsourcing can be substantial. There are potentially significant gains for your business, and you need to consider the following points. Outsourcing can free up your business to focus on its core strengths and allow the redirection of internal overheads. This might benefit your business by allowing your staff to concentrate on their main tasks and on future strategy.

and which are secondary? Which processes am I thinking of outsourcing and why? Have I calculated what the total costs are of doing it in-house? Answering the latter, include hidden costs such as office space and staff costs. Check the return on investment (ROI), too – ask your potential service provider for help, as many offer an ROI calculator. Ask yourself what are the costs of not E



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Part of the Maxxia group, Newport Pagnell‑based CLM manages in excess of 14,000 vehicles on behalf of UK corporate clients. Since the company’s foundation in 1981, CLM has pioneered the concept of Total Fleet Management – an integrated approach that combines all facets related to the management of a vehicle fleet through a single point of contact and delivered as a consolidated output. CLM is solely a fleet solutions provider and, with a focus on transparency and best value, is able to actively manage mixed fleet scenarios through a range of diverse competing suppliers, financiers and manufacturers, to deliver optimum results. With a senior management team that combines many years experience in all aspects of the fleet market and with leading edge technology and systems, CLM delivers effective solutions through innovation, a comprehensive range of products and a dedicated and highly trained support staff.

 outsourcing? Will your business suffer because it cannot afford to invest in the expertise, technology or the facilities that an outsourcing partner might provide? Finally, check whether any potential supplier is capable of limiting your cost and not interested solely in gaining your business and then massaging up your costs over time. Also weigh up the risks of outsourcing against those of keeping the processes in-house. Activities you can outsource Many businesses now outsource some of their non-strategic activities or more complex tasks in order to access industry best practice and cutting-edge technology. This enables the business to benefit from the outsourcing company’s economies of scale and investment in highly trained staff while it concentrates on core business activities. Processes companies consider outsourcing include vehicle fleet management, IT functions, business processes and HR, finance (including payroll), sales and marketing, as well as health and safety In terms of the vehicle fleet, there are many fleet-related functions that you can successfully outsource to a specialist provider, including the whole fleet management function. Other stand-alone services may include vehicle sourcing and purchasing, funding management, maintenance, fleet administration, fuel and accident management, duty of care (including risk management and driver training), driver contact, and vehicle disposal. The benefits of employing a specialist One factor to consider is that, however experienced an ‘in-house’ department is, managing the fleet is a departure from the organisation’s core business, whereas with a specialist provider it is their total and absolute focus. The old adage of ‘let someone else’s front room be your back room’ is still completely relevant today. This means that any changes in the market place, new developments or innovative ideas can be used to gain an advantage and increase the benefits to the business. Remember that the only reason you have a fleet in the first place is to mobilise or reward your employees, so it should be your fleet management specialist’s job to ensure they are happy and comfortable, taken care of when they need help, given the right tools to do their jobs and to be the best asset possible to your organisation Somebody within your organisation will be needed to work with your chosen fleet management provider at a strategic level, to ensure that there is a match in terms of the personalities involved, that they have ease‑of‑use systems that are easy to interrogate, and can provide you with meaningful, easily accessible management information that enhances your ability to make good decisions. The new provider also needs to demonstrate transparency in everything they do: If you’re going to outsource a part of your business, you have to know you can completely trust that partner. L

Multileasing – providing the answers and outcomes to successful fleet management outsourcing

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About CLM

Amongst modern day business terms ‘outsourcing’ seems to have become pretty well used in recent times probably due to how cost effective its definition can be and that it can be applied to any size or type of business for some of its operations. So what does ‘outsourcing’ or more specifically what does ‘outsourcing fleet management’ mean? Well, in the most generic of terms, ‘outsourcing’ means one company giving non-core parts of their operation to an outside expert in their field to manage in return for a monthly fee. When you stop to think about it, if your business isn’t in that market (fleet for the purpose of this article) then why wouldn’t you? After all, if another company specialises in that aspect of your business operation that’s necessary to have but not core, or a profit centre, then giving it to them to manage in return for a monthly fee rather than shoehorning into someone’s already busy role could not only make sense but also save money and ensure HSE compliance in the long run. So where to start? Like most things, ask ten ‘experts’ for their opinion. Whilst there may be some common ground, you’ll most likely to get ten different opinions so one easy way to approach things isn’t necessarily to look at outsourcing your fleet as it stands, but, if you’re going to outsource, it is worth looking at whether there’s a more cost effective and better way of doing things and adopt this as part of the process – contract hire instead of purchase, etc. There are many different providers that can support how you operate now but the trick is finding one that not only has the capability to support your current model but also a different, more suitable model, and the transition period from one to another if needed. What can pay dividends, is arguably one of the easiest ways of establishing what’s right for you and helps with your research, is to pick a supplier from each sector and let them pitch you their model – you’re not obliged to proceed with them and the process should give you all the answers you need. Also bear in mind that whilst big industry players may have lots of capability, if it’s personal service you’re after, there’s no guarantee this will be on offer if your fleet doesn’t run into thousands. FURTHER INFORMATION Tel: 01404 549222




Last month we explained RecoParts and the benefits recycled parts offer our fleets, this month we are introducing RecoAssist: RecoAssist offers fleets an innovative collision management solution that is built on true customer understanding and empathy. We proactively reduce costs whilst repairing your vehicles to the highest standard in the shortest possible timescale. The hidden costs to your business of having accident damaged fleet vehicles, be them cars or commercial vehicles, off the road can be considerable. By working with RecoAssist and our UK network of approved accident repair centres you will quickly notice a significant reduction in your repair and overall claim costs, administration and vehicle off road times.

To find out more contact RecoAssist on 01925 320303 or

Telephone: 01925 320303


Recycled Vehicles

Giving orphan cars a home on British soil

The British automotive industry has committed to helping thousands of consumers recycle their old vehicles with a free take-back service, designed to help owners whose brand may no longer sell in the UK. GreenFleet analyses the details Under the End of Life Vehicles (ELV) Directive, when cars and vans up to 3.5-tonnes reach the end of their lives they must be disposed of in an environmentally responsible way. However, while manufacturers provide this service free of charge, some motorists can face difficulties if the brand is no longer trading and has no parent company. When this happens, the car or van becomes what is deemed an ‘orphan vehicle’. On behalf of its members, The Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT) has decided to take on responsibility for such vehicles by partnering with recycling company Autogreen to ensure that all unclaimed cars and vans can be disposed of and recycled responsibly – with no cost to the consumer. This scheme will be especially valuable to owners of orphan vehicles in remote areas of the country who can find it difficult to get to a recycling point. Autogreen has committed to collect vehicles nationally, to make sure that all vehicles can be easily disposed of in a safe, environmentally friendly way for free.

than two per cent of their waste going to landfill in 2014, down from around a quarter of a decade previously and representing a 90 per cent reduction since 2000. In the same period, energy and water usage have been cut by 48.1 per cent and 43.6 per cent respectively, while ‘well to wheel’ CO2 emissions are down by a significant 40.2 per cent per vehicle produced. The new take-back system will help ensure that the estimated 700,000 orphan vehicles still on British roads have a route to responsible disposal. Mike Hawes, SMMT chief executive, said: “This new partnership is further evidence of just how seriously UK vehicle manufacturers take their environmental responsibilities. The industry has a strong record, not just on recycling, but on emissions, energy and water usage reduction as a result of huge investments into innovative technologies, production processes and facilities. Thanks to this latest initiative, every motorist in Britain can now be assured that when their vehicle reaches the end of its life it will be disposed of in a way that is not just ecologically sound, but cost-free – no matter where they live.”

Under the Endicles eh of Life V, cars and e Directiv o 3.5-tonnes t n vans upe disposed of i must b vironmentally an en onsible resp way

Efficient recycling Cars are already one of the most efficiently recycled consumer products, with manufacturers now tasked with recycling and recovering at least 95 per cent of old vehicles. Vehicle manufacturing plants are also following this trend, with less

Scrappage Allowance Scheme British manufacturer Vauxhall re-launched its Scrappage Allowance scheme in October 2015, which allows customers to take advantage of a £2,000 (including VAT) scrappage trade-in against most new passenger cars in its range. To qualify for the scheme, customers must have owned their trade-in vehicle for a minimum of 90 days, while there is no upper

age limit for cars with any manufacturer’s vehicle accepted. As part of the scheme, vehicles must be traded-in and scrapped to be eligible for the allowance. All surrendered vehicles are handled by Autogreen (also Vauxhall’s official contracted end of life vehicle partner) through their online platform. Leon Caruso, Vauxhall’s Retail Sales Director, said of the scheme: “Vauxhall’s Scrappage Allowance scheme makes buying a new car even more affordable. Even customers who think that their current car is only worth a few pounds can now turn it into a £2,000 contribution towards the cost of a new Vauxhall – and that’s over and above any other deals they negotiate with the retailer, including free insurance on Adam Slam and Corsa Limited Edition.” Elsewhere, Jaguar has revealed that its new Jaguar Land Rover models will contain new recycled aluminium alloy, containing up to 75 per cent recycled material. Part of Jaguar’s REALCAR programme, all Jaguar Land Rover models will now be made using recycled aluminium following the car maker’s eight‑year research project with the world’s leading aluminium recycler, Novelis. This follows the news that the last iconic Land Rover Defenders have been rolled off of the production line. Pierre Labat, vice president of automotive at Novelis Europe, said: “Novelis’ new RC5754 alloy not only meets the high recycled content threshold required by Jaguar Land Rover’s REALCAR project, but also it delivers the strength, durability and formability specified by world-leading Jaguar Land Rover engineers.” L FURTHER INFORMATION

All new Jaguar Land Rover models will be made using recycled aluminium



First Drive Written by Richard Gooding


DS 3 Prestige BlueHDi 120 What is it? The Citroën C3-based DS 3 was launched in January 2010 as the first model in a new wave of vehicles which referenced the style and glamour of the classic 1955 Citroën DS. It aimed to feather Citroën’s nest and bring a whole range of premium‑quality and stylish models to the French manufacturer’s portfolio. The larger DS 4 arrived the same year, while the MPV-like DS 5 followed in 2011. To push these more expensive and higher-quality models upmarket, the standalone DS brand was launched at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show. Since then – and in a nine-month turnaround – all models have lost their ‘Citroën’ branding and are now simply named ‘DS’. What is it? In a reverse of the original car, the latest DS 3 is the last in the line of the DS model triumvirate to be refreshed. The new DS 3 was launched in February 2016, and was presented to the UK market first. Surprisingly, this country is the most successful for the premium supermini – 16,500 examples were sold here last year. Even the French buy fewer DS 3s, with only 16,000 cars finding homes there in 2015. Since the

original DS 3’s launch five years ago, over 390,000 have been sold globally, and it is among the best-selling premium small cars. Over 100,000 have been sold in the UK alone, which takes 25 per cent of all DS 3 sales. The new-for-2016 DS 3 ushers in a fresher ‘face’ and minor styling tweaks. Externally, the DS 3 looks fresher and now resembles its DS 4/DS 4 Crossback and DS 5 siblings much more readily. At the front, the chrome grille extends its ‘wings’ into the LED headlights (which use 67 per cent less energy than standard units) making the car appear wider. Sensibly, DS has left the DS 3’s notable styling elements as they were: the floating roof and the ‘shark fin’ B-pillar remain. On the Cabrio version we also tested, the roof is as before – the roof’s side panels mean it’s not a ‘total’ cabriolet, but it certainly gives enough of a feeling of one. How does it drive? The previous DS 3 was always one of the more fun cars to drive in the segment

and the new one feels a little sharper, even though DS claims no major mechanical changes under the skin. The 1,560cc four‑cylinder turbocharged direct injection diesel engine pulls strongly with 285Nm/210lb ft of torque available from 1,750rpm – 0-62mph is a claimed 9.3 seconds and the car feels that quick. The six-speed gearbox is positive, with a ‘chunky’ feel, while very little wind or road noise filters through into the nicely-trimmed cabin. Refinement is good, too, and the BlueHDi engine is quieter than most diesels, especially those found in Volkswagen Group cars. The ride, as you’d expect from a car with semi-sporty pretensions, is on the firm side, but rarely uncomfortably so. The steering has a nicely-weighted feel and strikes a good balance between being neither too light or too heavy. Overall, the new DS 3 feels quite a quick, direct and fun to drive small car in the same way its predecessor (GreenFleet, issue 64) did. The interior of the Prestige model (the only trim level available on our drive) feels suitably premium, and the leather-wrapped steering wheel, sports-designed dials and body-coloured dash panel all add to the DS 3’s upmarket appeal.

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Interior of new DS 3 is more premium-feeling than before and is livened up by coloured dash panel



DS 3 completes the French brand’s reinvention

1,560cc, four-cylinder diesel




First Drive

DS 3 Prestige BlueHDi 120


MPG (combined): VED:


Seven-inch colour touchscreen features eco stats

Band A, £0




DS 3: £19,495 DS 3 Cabrio: £21,795 (inc VAT: £20,440 and £23,225 as tested respectively)

As with the exterior, not much has changed with the basic design of the cabin, but the new seven-inch colour touchscreen means there are now twenty fewer buttons than before. The system works well, but the main ‘Menu’ button is quite a way away from the screen itself, which can make selecting 2 modes on the move a little tricky. The system’s interface is clearly derived from other PSA models – no bad thing – and includes a driving data section which displays mpg and and other eco-driving stats.

New DS 3 is available in hatchback and Cabrio versions as before, with five petrol and two diesel engines

i BlueHD 20 1 100 andof the s version 3 have new DSssions of i CO emd 94g/km 87 an ctively respe

How economical is it? Our test cars were the most powerful BlueHDi 120 versions with 118bhp and 94g/km. DS quotes an official 78.5mpg on the combined cycle for these models. Over our varied fast A-road and motorway test routes we averaged 51.3mpg, which although not representative of an especially economically‑minded driving style is still creditable for a car which isn’t billed as an eco‑focused model. The lower‑powered 87g/km BlueHDi 100 models will no doubt better this and return a claimed 83.1mpg on the combined cycle, while petrol models range from 50.4 to 65.7mpg on the same parameter. Incidentally, in most cases DS 3 Cabrio values are the same as those of the hatchback. What does it cost? The new DS3 range is available in three foundation trim levels: Chic, Elegance, and the Prestige of our test cars. The Chic 107g/km PureTech manual kicks off the DS 3 family at £13,995 and features items such as 16-inch alloy wheels, air conditioning, cruise control, DAB radio, seven-inch colour touchscreen, Bluetooth, and mood lighting. Opt for the Elegance models and you gain dark-tinted rear windows, LED front fog lights, rear parking sensors, sports seats, aluminium sports pedals, gloss black interior trim and the DS Connect emergency assistance system. Elegance models start at £16,395. The highest rung of the DS 3 foundation trims, Prestige versions of DS’ premium supermini add luxuries such as 17-inch alloy wheels, contrasting roof colour, rear spoiler, chrome exhaust pipes, xenon headlights, an

auto‑dimming rear view mirror, folding wing mirrors, auto lights and wipers, front parking sensors, eMyWay satellite navigation system, an audio upgrade, Nappa leather steering wheel, as well as DS’ Active City Brake system which automatically applies the brakes if the car senses an impending collision under 18mph. Prestige models begin at £19,795. The ‘Exclusive Collection’ of DS 3 models spans Ultra Prestige (from £20,795), Performance (from £20,495) and Performance Black (from £22,495) additional trim levels. These higher-specification models offer even more upmarket options such as DS monogrammed mirror roof decals, a reversing camera, leather upholstery in a watch strap-style pattern, and in the case of the Performance and Performance Black versions, a Torsen limited-slip differential. DS 3 Cabrio models are available in the same six trim levels as the hatchback, and start at £16,295 for the Chic PureTech 82 version. The £24,795 Performance Black model is at the top of the DS 3 Cabrio tree. VED rates are the same as the hatchback models, too, while the BIK rates on the PureTech 82 and PureTech 110 S&S EAT 6 automatic versions rise one figure over their tin-top cousins to 17 per cent. As with the older car personalisation plays a big part in the DS 3’s make-up and DS claims there are now 78 body and roof colour combinations, with contrasting roof panels priced between £250 and £980 depending on finish. Four fabric roof colour options are available for the DS 3 Cabrio, and the French marque claims that in total, over three million personalisation options are open to DS 3 buyers. How much does it cost to tax? Emissions for the refreshed DS 3 range start as low as 87g/km for BlueHDi 100 versions, rising to 129g/km for the speedier THP 165 variant. Even the most powerful 207bhp DS 3 Performance model comes in at 125g/km. That means VED of between

£0 for the eight models which are 100g/km and under, while the remainder of the DS 3 range sits between £20 and £110 per year after the first year rate of £0 which applies to all new DS 3 variants. Benefit in kind tax rates are 15, 16 and 20 per cent. DS’ new three-cylinder PureTech 130 petrol model has impressively low emissions of 105g/km. Martin Gurney, Director, Fleet and Used Vehicles at PSA Peugeot Citroën, said that the DS 3 has become one of PSA’s bestselling fleet models in recent years: “DS 3 has carved out several niches in the fleet market and has proved popular within the public sector and driving schools markets and more recently, it has become particularly successful in the growing salary sacrifice market.” Gurney continued: “With its ability to be personalised, the DS 3 model mix has tended to be quite rich and the BlueHDi versions have proved popular with their low CO2 helping the driver on taxation and their fleet manager on fuel economy. Half of current DS 3 sales go to the fleet market and we expect a similar split for the New DS 3. Whilst our BlueHDi engines will continue to be popular, we expect growing interest and sales from our award-winning three‑cylinder PureTech petrol engines.” Should I buy one? The DS 3 was always one of the more stylish small cars in the sector, and the new one does nothing to detract from that. However, business users will be more interested to learn that the enhanced technology, better quality and cleaner, quieter engines – DS claims they’re best-in‑class – mean the DS 3 is more user-friendly, premium‑feeling and cleaner than ever before. It’s largely a case of ‘plus ça change, plus c’est la meme chose’, or carry on as you were then, only this time with a little more environmentally-attuned joie de vivre. L FURTHER INFORMATION



Road Test

Stylishly sensible The latest Hyundai i20 has stepped up quality, refinement and value, and as GreenFleet finds, with the 1.1-litre CRDi diesel engine also offers commendable economy The Hyundai i20 sits above the i10 city car and below the Golf-sized i30 in the South Korean company’s range. Launched in 2008, it succeeded the Getz as Hyundai’s player in the very competitive B-segment, and can count more popular cars such as the Ford Fiesta, Vauxhall Corsa and Volkswagen Polo as its rivals. The second-generation car tested here was first unveiled in late 2014, and, like its predecessor, is primarily designed for a more European palette (the first-generation car was never sold in the Far East). More premium‑looking, and, dare we say European in flavour, the new car's looks strike a nice balance between stylish and sensible. The latest i20 uses Hyundai’s new ‘Fluidic Sculpture 2.0’ design language and has some novel features such as the matt black wraparound rear C-pillar. This creates the impression of a floating roof, as seen on more upmarket small cars such as the Mini and DS 3 (tested on pages 48-49). Sharp creases and interesting front and rear light cluster shapes help the i20 look much smarter than before. We’re not the only ones that think so, either, as the new Hyundai i20 is the proud recipient of a Red Dot Design Award.

Premium aspirations Inside, it’s a similar story. Cabin quality appears to have taken a step up, too, in line with Hyundai’s more premium aspirations. Soft-touch and coloured materials give an impression of a nicely-finished car, and the two-tone blue splashes of our test car really lifted the interior ambience. Practicality is also given a boost, with buttons atop the multifunction steering wheel, and USB, Bluetooth (with voice recognition), cruise control, and all-round electric windows all thrown in as standard on this SE model. However, looking at Hyundai UK’s current price list, it would appear that the 1.1.litre, 2 three‑cylinder diesel engine fitted to our test car is no longer available in SE specification. Now only available in lower‑spec £12,745 S Blue trim, SE versions of the i20 now receive an 88bhp variant of this engine. Saying that, though, emissions are lower at 102g/km than our test car’s 103g/km, and there’s 15bhp more than the version tested here. The S Blue’s 73bhp unit shared with our test car is even cleaner still, promising CO2 emissions of just 84g/km. We’re glad the lower output engine has remained part of the i20 range, though, even if

The 1.1-litresel ie CRDi d now is engine in the i20 le availab with CO S Blue ions of emiss km 84g/

Hyundai i20 SE 1.1 CRDi* ENGINE: 1,120cc, three-cylinder diesel CO2:




MPG (combined):


GF MPG (combined):



Band B, £0 first year, £20 thereafter




£14,525 (inc VAT, £15,040 as tested)

*Test car: 2015 MY specification

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it is in a lower-specification model. There’s the familiar three-cylinder warble from the little unit, and while it’s not blisteringly fast (at 16 seconds from 0-62mph the i20 CRDi will never win any drag races), there’s 133lb ft/180Nm of torque available from 1,750-2,500rpm. Yes, it might not be as quiet as some petrol engines, but generally, refinement is very good, almost touching Polo levels of quietness. Pleasure to drive The i20 is a pleasure to drive, with an almost perfect driving position, thanks to myriad height and reach levels of adjustment. Sitting low in the car, there’s an impression of sportiness, but Hyundai wouldn’t want you to get too comfortable, as it has the separate i20 Coupé model to fulfil that particular need. The six-speed manual gearbox has a positive action, too, and the short lever is nice to use. The suspension on our SE test car absorbed bumps well, too, though not as well as some more premium rivals, and it’s interesting to note that the S Blue model with this engine comes with 15-inch wheels – our test model was fitted with 16-inch rims which pushed up the CO2 emissions. Hyundai quotes a combined fuel economy figure of 70.6mpg, whereas we only achieved an average figure of 58.3mpg in the real‑world, which is still highly commendable. A sound choice Overall, the latest version of the Hyundai i20 is a stylish addition to the supermini market, and a sound choice for those fleet drivers who may not be able to stretch to more premium‑priced rivals. Add in a five-year warranty and there’s very little not to like. L FURTHER INFORMATION

Road Test

Peugeot 208 Allure 1.6 BlueHDi 100 S&S ENGINE:

1,560cc, four-cylinder diesel





MPG (combined):


GF MPG (combined):



Band A, £0




£17,195 (inc VAT, £18,720 as tested)

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La lean, mean, green machine The Peugeot 208 is now better than ever with a gently refreshed look and a new range of low-emission Euro 6-standard engines. GreenFleet explores a particularly eye-catching BlueHDi The Peugeot 208 is the latest in a long line of successful small Peugeots. Tracing its roots back to the legendary 205 of 1983, through the 206 of 1998, to the 207 of 2006, the 208 takes styling elements from all its predecessors. With a very definite family resemblance, the 208 was introduced in 2012 to carry on the French company's small car lineage.

An even greener 208 which promises even better fuel economy is now available, too – the 79g/km 208 has an official claimed fuel economy figure of 94.2mpg. However, it’s worth remembering that the engine fitted to our test car set a long-distance fuel economy record of 141mpg at Peugeot’s test track at Belchamp, watched over by independent adjudicators. A GreenFleet event favourite, the 208 has been a regular star in the GreenFleet Arrive ‘N’ Drive ‘Beat the Sprig’ competitions with some equally impressive results.

As the well as lueHDi B 90g/kmhere, the tested 208 range t Peugeofeatures a also g/km new 79 el mod

Cleaner range of diesel engines Right from the off engine choices included 99g/km variants, and a refresh in early 2015 ushered in an even cleaner range of HDi diesel engines, including the 87g/km 98bhp BlueHDi version tested here. The 1.6-litre unit has 187lb ft/254Nm of torque from 1,750rpm and pulls well, but the four-cylinder can be noisy, especially when under acceleration. Peugeot claims that the unit can achieve 80.7mpg, but away from the laboratory, we only achieved a slightly disappointing 57.6 over our 237-mile test period.

Fun to drive With a small diameter and leather-wrapped steering wheel, the 208 is fun to drive. The gearbox needs constant stirring to keep the engine in its power band, but it’s no hardship as the shift has a nice positive action. On the road, the suspension does a good job of absorbing the lumps and bumps, but the relatively soft set-up can be quite bouncy over a series of undulations.

The interior differs from the norm, as the instrument dials sit in a raised pod behind the steering wheel, meaning you look slightly over it. It takes some adjusting at first, but soon becomes second nature. The textured dashboard finish is appealing and the seven-inch colour touchscreen system works responsively and featured satellite navigation, MirrorLink, Bluetooth and Wi-Fi connectivity options on our Allure-trim car. To make KT15 TEV stand out, ‘Lime Yellow’ (green) exterior (£150) and interior (£350) personalisation packs were fitted, along with a £645 ‘Ice Silver’ textured paint finish. Granular to the touch, the rough paint certainly made the car stand out, but also ensured it was interesting to wash... Allure specification 208s come with a generous smattering of kit including 16‑inch ‘Titane’ alloy wheels, cornering assist fog lights, auto lights and wipers, and an auto-dimming rear view mirror. It’s just another string to add to the small Peugeot’s multi-talented bow. L FURTHER INFORMATION



PHEV Diary


Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV

Written by Richard Gooding

Electric vehicle charging public networks have been the only flies in our Outlander PHEV’s ointment this month. Getting to grips with them has been a learning curve, unlike the car which is getting more economical as well as more energy efficient Life with the big Mitsubishi has been pretty much plain sailing since my last report, with very little to test or frustrate. It’s a shame that once again, that can’t be said of the electric car charging infrastructure. As of last month, there have been obstacles which have prevented a blemish-free PHEV experience. In the last report I stated that charging at the GreenFleet offices has encountered some negativity from neighbouring premises, but we hope to have solved that issue. No, the public charging infrastructure has been our bug bear this month.  Ease of accessibility Upon further investigation, in answer to the office charging situation (GreenFleet issue 91), it turns out there are eight Source London charging points at Loughton underground station. However, the four banks of paired chargers are installed at the back of an NCP car park. It’s not accessibility which is the problem – they’re perfectly easy to get to – it’s more the ease of accessibility which enables

EV/PHEV owners to use them which is at fault. I walked down to look at them one lunchtime and saw all eight bays occupied by internal combustion-engined cars, unfortunately a common sight in many charging locations. A post on Twitter revealed a possible answer from the @ivebeeniced account, which stated that NCP states there is little or no demand for the bays to be used, and so don’t mark them as EV-parking only. Which seems ludicrous. There are eight bays sitting directly near a Tube station for commuter parking, and no EV drivers can use them unless drivers are prepared to make an unreasonably early start to bag one of the coveted spots. I’ve asked both Source London and NCP for a confirmation as to why the bays are unmarked, but I’m still awaiting an answer.  Met with frustration My second try-out of the public charging network was also met with frustration. An early journey down to one of

Ecotricity’s ‘Electric Highway’ charging stations at a local branch of IKEA was rewarded with a free charging bay. Success. Or so I thought. A Volkswagen Golf GTE was already plugged into the AC side of the charging station, but no worry, I wanted to use the CHAdeMO DC side of the unit. I pressed my Electric Highway card onto the reader to gain access to the unit, and no response. Several attempts still yielded nothing, and then I noticed that the charging unit was displaying a message which alluded to the fact that GTE wasn’t plugged in fully, and was therefore drawing no charge. A quick trip to the customer service area brought out a member of staff who recognised the same issue – sadly Ecotricity’s helpline number is only open during office hours. One tannoy announcement later and the GTE owner and I were negotiating over charging time cycles. After further investigation it turns out that the Ecotricity units only charge one car at a time, despite there being two bays. So,

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1,998cc four-cylinder petrol with 2 x 60kW electric motors and 12kWh battery


once the GTE owner plugged his Golf in properly, we set a 70-minute timer which we assumed would then allow me to come back and change over the charging.  Unfortunately, the unit’s reader still needed the GTE owner’s card to stop the charge and release the charging cable from the car. We never did see him again, which wasn’t his fault. Partly operator error on our part (I got the impression we were both using the public charging network for the first time), we thought the timer would just free-up the unit for the next person once the session had expired. When we started our shopping I had already plugged in the Outlander ready for its swap-over charge, so when we finished our shopping we retuned to it and expected to find it with the plug still in-situ. However, a dealership-liveried Nissan Leaf was sitting at the GTE’s dormant bay with the CHAdeMO socket on it from the Outlander. I questioned the driver (who rightly pointed out that we weren’t using it), and after explaining we’d been waiting two

Above left: the Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV’s ‘Remote Control’ smartphone app allows for timed pre-conditioning, meaning an end to mornings scraping ice off the car. Above right: fuel economy has improved this month, and careful driving sees some great figures

hours to charge, we then found eight vacant bays at a nearby service station and used one of those – without fault – instead. The experience wasn’t helpful, though, and could have proved very disheartening to an unenlightened first-time EV driver.

PHEV Diary

Logbook: month two 2016 Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV GX4hs



32.5 miles (electric only), 541 miles (hybrid mode)


£38,499 (inc VAT, after government PiCG grant, £39,549 as tested)


February 2016







OUR ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 3.14 miles/kWh Quickly and easily Once again I took to Twitter to clarify FUEL COSTS THIS MONTH: £36.50 the two‑bays-one charger situation and COSTS THIS MONTH: £5 (Source Electric Highway (@elechighway) confirmed London subscription) the one vehicle-charging situation. It also said: ‘There are two bays at most sites because there are two connectors. There are two my Source London subscription being the connectors because there is no standard only expenses during the period between across all manufacturers.’ A fair point. To give the last report and this one. The car has Ecotricity its due, though, the Electric Highway also been driven for 75.6 per cent of the network is free to use (we’ve heard rumours time this month under electric power. of charges being introduced in April) and The big grey Mitsubishi also had its first providing you’re the first driver at the charging experience with rear seat passengers recently. unit’s bays, the yellow and lime green Both adult males reported the rear seat a stations work both very quickly and easily. comfortable place to be with ample head and There were positive outcomes, too, though, leg room. The remote control charging and as a chat with the Golf GTE owner at IKEA climate control app has come into its own, revealed the VW was his company car and too. The recent minus temperatures cold spell that he was going to look at a Tesla, while has meant I’ve set the pre-conditioning to the Outlander and the GTE attracted many come on for ten minutes just before I leave glances as shoppers tried to fathom out how the house in the morning. That’s usually the technology powered the cars. Another enough to adequately thaw the car, bonus was that the bays at the and spares me the cold fingers Swedish outlet weren’t taken and ice scraping my neighbour up with ICE cars like the h t i ‘enjoys’. The heated steering Loughton bays were, one of Even w rges, a wheel and seats are also the sole times I’ve known h c r fewe onomy proving their worth, and them not to be. However, add that little bit of I can quite see ‘charger fuel ec ved from o luxurious practicality on rage’ becoming an issue, r p has im mpg last those frosty early starts. if the infrastructure isn’t 82.7 91.9mpg I’m seeing more 2016 MY drastically improved over to Outlander PHEVs about, time. Or maybe ‘Charging month month too. Recent reports stated Etiquette’ rules need to be this that certain manufacturers drawn up or some type of were having problems in queuing system introduced? delivering higher than anticipated volumes of plug-in hybrid models due to Improved fuel economy increased demand before the government’s Away from the public charging network, life Plug-in Car Grant (PiCG) halved to £2,500 with WV65 YUO has been perfectly enjoyable. on 1 March, but Mitsubishi moved quickly While the charging situation at the office to allay any potential customer fears, as is being sorted out, I’ve been reluctant to the PiCG scheme allows for a nine‑month refill the car’s battery at work, so have only delivery period. A surge of interest for charged the Outlander at home. Overall, Outlander PHEVs was unaffected by the that’s less than half the time I did last month. company’s delivery and stock lead times, However, even with fewer charges, fuel and the UK arm of the Japanese firm doesn’t economy has improved, up from 82.7mpg expect a brief lull in registrations when the last month to 91.9 this month. My driving PiCG is halved, as the tax incentives are style must be getting more ecologically‑tuned, still there for the taking. Mitsubishi UK is as energy usage also went down from 3.28 confident that popularity of the Outlander miles/kWh to 3.14. Costs have dipped, PHEV looks set to continue for a while yet. L too, with only the fuel bill of £36.50 and Volume 92 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE


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Aiming to halve corporate emissions and save £140,000* on contract hire and fuel. By quitting a conventional fleet for petrol full hybrids, Nick is helping to cut Itec’s CO2, NOx and particulate emissions by 50%. Thanks to lower BIK, drivers will also pocket average tax savings worth £1,200 each over the next three years. And, as contract hire and fuel costs will also fall by £140,000, Nick can breathe easy too.

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* Saving based on switching original VW diesel fleet to Toyota and Lexus hybrids.

GreenFleet 92  

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