Page 1








Our expert panelists discuss how leasing can take the risk out of purchasing zero and ultra-low emission vehicles

Commercial GreenFleet The latest news and features surrounding the commercial vehicle industry. See inside



What do fleet managers need to know to comply?


We’ll keep your fleet working for you

From 24-hour breakdown cover to accident assistance, mobile tyre fitting to technical mobility solutions that help optimise vehicle performance, we’ll keep your fleet on the road.

Talk to us today about Business Breakdown Cover Call 0800 294 2994 Or visit theAA.com/business




Gove’s new strategy is in




Our expert panelists discuss how leasing can take the risk out of purchasing zero and ultra-low emission vehicles

Commercial GreenFleet The latest news and features surrounding the commercial vehicle industry. See inside



What do fleet managers need to know to comply?


Visit t.tv nflee video e e r g e v ti a rm for info tent on t con tal flee nmen enviro agement man



Follow and interact with us on Twitter: @GreenFleetNews

The government’s new Clean Air Strategy is light on measures for transport, mainly because it has been produced in addition to last year’s transport and diesel plans. It focuses more on reducing farming and domestic emissions. Environmental law firm ClientEarth has described it as having a ‘transport-shaped hole’ in it, with the firm’s CEO James Thornton saying that while focusing on different sources of pollution is welcome, road transport is still the main source of dirty air in towns and cities.

GreenFleet Scotland took place on 4 May. Read the review on page 23

The aspects of transport that are covered include new legislation that would enable the government to make manufacturers recall vehicles for any failures in their emissions control system, and make tampering with an emissions control system a legal offence. The strategy also proposes it will create a single statutory framework for Clean Air Zones to simplify current overlapping frameworks. With the bulk of responsibility for air quality being passed down to local authorities, the REA’s Daniel Brown discusses its new report that gives local authorities advice on implementing EV charging infrastructure in their areas and encouraging residents to buy electric. Read the feature on page 12. Meanwhile, this leasing and rental-themed GreenFleet discusses how the leasing and rental industry can help drive forward the government’s carbon reduction and clean air plans, by helping fleets adopt the cleanest vehicles without taking on any risk. Read the section from pages 41 to 55. Angela Pisanu, editor

P ONLINE P IN PRINT P MOBILE P FACE-TO-FACE If you would like to receive 10 issues of GreenFleet magazine for £250 a year, please contact Public Sector Information Limited, 226 High Road, Loughton, Essex IG10 1ET. Tel: 020 8532 0055 GreenFleet® would like to thank the following organisations for their support:


226 High Rd, Loughton, Essex IG10 1ET. Tel: 020 8532 0055 Fax: 020 8532 0066 Web: www.psi-media.co.uk EDITOR Angela Pisanu FEATURES AND ROAD TEST EDITOR Richard Gooding PRODUCTION CONTROL Ella Sawtell PRODUCTION DESIGN Jo Golding WEB PRODUCTION Victoria Casey PUBLISHER George Petrou ACCOUNT MANAGERS Kylie Glover, Dean Cassar ADMINISTRATION Vickie Hopkins, Bella Chapman REPRODUCTION & PRINT Argent Media

Printed on recycled paper

© 2018 Public Sector Information Limited. No part of this publication can be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any other means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without the prior written permission of the publisher. Whilst every care has been taken to ensure the accuracy of the editorial content the publisher cannot be held responsible for errors or omissions. The views expressed are not necessarily those of the publisher. ISSN 2399-4940

GreenFleet is a member of the Independent Press Standards Organisation (which regulates the UK’s magazine and newspaper industry). We abide by the Editors’ Code of Practice and are committed to upholding the highest standards of journalism. If you think that we have not met those standards and want to make a complaint please contact Michael Lyons or Angela Pisanu on 0208 532 0055. If we are unable to resolve your complaint, or if you would like more information about IPSO or the Editors’ Code, contact IPSO on 0300 123 2220 or visit www.ipso.co.uk



NERVOUS ABOUT YOUR FLEET RESIDUALS? Falling residual values for conventional vehicles represents a growing risk. Rebalance your fleet with petrol-electric hybrids. Our 17-model range offers no-compromise performance and specification levels for all drivers. For a test drive or more information visit toyotalexusfleet.co.uk or call 0344 701 6186.


Contents GreenFleet 114 07 News


Gove announces new Clean Air Strategy; £20 million funding announced to make hydrogen cheaper; UK and five others referred to EU court for illegal air pollution

12 Electric vehicles

Daniel Brown from the Renewable Energy Association discusses its report Taking Charge: How Local Authorities can champion electric vehicles



Mark Sugden, secretary for the Association of Driving Licence Verification, highlights how the new GDPR legislation affects fleets and how the ADLV has been working with the DVLA to help overcome hurdles

20 Panel of experts: business mobility

It is believed that self-driving vehicles will contribute to air quality, cut congestion and boost safety. But is there a place for them on fleets? Our panelists discuss

23 GreenFleet Scotland

GreenFleet Scotland was packed with the latest emission-friendly vehicles, products and services for delegates interested in greening their fleets

38 52

27 Commercial GreenFleet: news

E.ON, H&M, Scania and Siemens join forces to decarbonise haulage; Government to consult on reduced VED for low-emission vans; Volvo unveils second electric truck

30 Commercial GreenFleet: biogas

The ADBA’s Charlotte Morton analyses what changes to the RTFO will mean for the generation of biomethane as a transport fuel

32 Commercial GreenFleet: LERS


The FTA has changed its Logistics Carbon Reduction Scheme to become the Logistics Emissions Reduction Scheme (LERS), to incorporate air quality performance as well as carbon reduction

GreenFleet magazine

36 Commercial GreenFleet: Alternative fuels How can fleet managers ensure their vehicles meet low emission requirements without being crippled by logistical and cost implications?

38 Commercial GreenFleet: Iveco Blue Power range Richard Gooding drives Iveco’s range of LCVs which offer a variety of cleaner powertrains In association with

42 Leasing & rental focus: news

Expansion plans for the BVRLA announced; Europcar relaunches as Europcar Mobility Group; Alphabet expands into Irish market

44 Leasing & rental focus: interview

How can the leasing and rental industry help drive forward the government’s carbon reduction and air quality agenda? BVRLA’s CEO Gerry Keaney gives his views

46 Leasing & rental focus: fleet management

There are major issues that must be tackled by fleet decision‑makers to ensure operations remain cost-effective and efficient, writes the ICFM’s Peter Eldridge

49 Leasing & rental focus: fleet management

While there is plenty of change occurring in the fleet industry, it should be seen as an opportunity to shape fleets for the future

52 Panel of experts: leasing & rental

Has there ever been a more persuasive argument for leasing than now, given the economic uncertainty and the debate over diesel? Our panelists discuss

56 Road test: Jaguar F-Pace R-Sport 2.0D AWD

Richard Gooding drives the F-Pace, the first Jaguar SUV to marry lightweight materials to a dynamic driving experience

www.greenfleet.net Volume 114 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE




Gove announces new Clean Air Strategy Environment Secretary Michael Gove has launched a new clean air strategy to tackle air pollution, with measures announced in addition to last year’s road transport and diesel plans. The new strategy, which is now out for consultation, sets out a goal that by 2025, the number of people living in locations where concentrations of particulate matter are above the World Health Organisation (WHO) guideline limit of 10ug/m3 is halved. New primary legislation will be introduced to give local government new powers to improve air quality.

New standards for tyres and brakes will be researched and developed to address toxic non-exhaust emissions of micro plastics from vehicles which can pollute air and water. The strategy announces plans for a personal air quality messaging system to inform the public, particularly those who are vulnerable to air pollution, about the air quality forecast, providing clearer information on air pollution episodes and accessible health advice. The strategy also sets out how the government will work with media outlets to improve public access to the air quality forecast and help

individuals and organisations reduce their contribution to air pollution. Meanwhile Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt has announced a new tool to enable local authorities to estimate the economic impact of air pollution in their area. The tool takes account of the cumulative cost for diseases where there is a strong association with air pollution: coronary heart disease; stroke; lung cancer; and child asthma. READ MORE tinyurl.com/y94oxyef


Volvo first to comply with new WLTP test standards Volvo’s entire model range complies under the new Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP), a new testing method to ensure published fuel economy and emissions are more realistic to real-world driving. All Volvo petrol, diesel and hybrid models meet the new ‘Euro 6d-temp’ standard for tailpipe emissions, as part of the firm’s model-year 2019 range

update, which started production in April. Volvo is the first car manufacturer in the UK to do so and puts it ahead of the 1 September 2018 deadline, where only WLTP‑homologated cars can be sold in Europe. WLTP is a laboratory test, and replaces the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC). Both tests enable customers to make comparisons between different vehicles, but WLTP uses a driving cycle that is more reflective of on-road driving. The WLTP test is also backed up by the new Real Driving Emissions (RDE) test – an on-road test of up to 120 minutes, which evaluates a car under a variety of driving conditions and speeds. A car can only be sold once it passes both WLTP and RDE tests. The figures Volvo publishes for its models are achieved through the WLTP cycle, then correlated back to an NEDC equivalent for comparison purposes. READ MORE tinyurl.com/ybuq2cb7


Volvo to offer test drives via Amazon Motorists in the UK can now book test drives through Amazon for the first time, thanks to a collaboration between Prime Now, Amazon’s ultra-fast delivery service. The ‘Prime Now test drive’ initiative – which runs for a limited time – allows customers to book a time that works for them, with the car delivered to their home or workplace by a trained expert. The offer applies to the Volvo V40 hatchback, and is available to customers living in four UK cities – London, Birmingham, Manchester and Edinburgh – on select weekends in June and July.

Using their mobile device or desktop, Amazon customers enter their postcode on the dedicated ‘Amazon Prime Now Test Drive’ web page at www.amazon.co.uk/ volvo, select their location and choose an available time slot. A fully trained operative will then bring the car straight to their door and explain all of the car’s functions. The customer can then put the V40 through its paces on roads familiar to them. READ MORE tinyurl.com/ya5xhaeb


Surge in demand for used-EV and hybrids in Q1 2018 According to figures from the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT), sales of second-hand alternatively fuelled vehicles grew by 15.9 per cent, with some 24,697 hybrid, plug-in hybrid and fully electric cars sold so far this year. In particular, zero emission electric cars saw a surge in popularity, with demand rising 33.8 per cent to 2,927 units, followed by hybrids, which rose 14.1 per cent. Together they represented 1.2 per cent of all used car transactions in the quarter, while petrol fuelled models took a 55.9 per cent market share and diesel 42.8 per cent. Demand for petrol‑engined cars fell -9.7 per cent, as diesel registrations rose 2.0 per cent. Mike Hawes, SMMT Chief Executive, said: “Despite the overall decline in demand, the UK’s used car sector remains at a very high level and it’s great to see millions of consumers benefitting from some of the latest, safest and cleanest models now filtering into the market. To maintain this choice and make the fastest possible improvements to air quality, we need stability in the new car market. That means giving consumers confidence to trade in their older cars for the best new, low emission model to suit their needs – whatever the fuel type.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/ycuprlb5




Central Bedfordshire Council improves efficiency through better driver behaviour Central Bedfordshire Council is the unitary authority council which provides over a hundred services to a quarter of a million people. The services that they are responsible for include schools, social services, libraries and leisure centres, They have been keen to reduce risk in their vehicles as they frequently carry other passengers, in particular children and the elderly. Therefore, safety is paramount for them and have adopted Lightfoot in order to improve this. Arthi Appathurai, a fleet services manager at Central Bedfordshire Council, is a strong advocate of the Lightfoot technology. After doing research into systems that would help with driver training and behaviour, she discovered Lightfoot and began to actively champion it within the council. As a result of installing Lightfoot across their fleet, the council have been experiencing significant benefits, such as better fuel efficiency and improved safety. The most significant benefit of Lightfoot for Central Bedfordshire Council is its ability to significantly reduce the number of instances of high-risk driving. Lightfoot ensures that not only are the drivers much safer, but so are the many passengers they travel with. Central Bedfordshire Council began by analysing driver behaviour without Lightfoot operating and compared this to a live trial during which Lightfoot’s real-time audio and visual in-cab driver feedback guided drivers to consistently hit the ‘sweet spot’ of their vehicles’ engines. Between the blind and live periods, the fleet’s overall Lightfoot score improved from 52 per cent to over 97 per cent. Lightfoot has also had a significant impact on fuel consumption. The council has experienced a reduction in fuel expenditure of 6.1 per cent, which creates huge annual savings for the fleet. As a result of this improved fuel efficiency, their fleet of vehicles has also improved its carbon footprint. Arthi Appathurai said: “Since going live, our driver penalties have dropped by 100 per cent and we have also experienced reductions in fuel costs and improved overall safety. As many of our vehicles are used to transport passengers, safety is key, and Lightfoot has given us exactly the benefits we are looking for.” By adopting Lightfoot, Central Bedfordshire Council have created safer roads, reduced their carbon footprint and saved a significant amount of money – all while empowering and encouraging drivers to be the best they can be. FURTHER INFORMATION www.lightfoot.co.uk


£20 million funding announced to make hydrogen cheaper The government has announced a £20 million Hydrogen Supply programme, which will look to significantly reduce the high cost of producing large volumes of low-carbon hydrogen, to make it more competitive. Hydrogen is recognised as a good alternative fuel but is currently very costly to produce and transport. Speaking at the Swindon Hydrogen Hub, Energy and Clean Growth Minister, Claire Perry, said: “Clean, green and safe, hydrogen has an exciting


READ MORE tinyurl.com/y8z4ytat


Nissan starts selling solar home-energy system Nissan’s integrated home energy solution, Nissan Energy Solar, is now available to buy in the UK. The product allows customers to optimise the way their properties create, store and consume energy through solar panels, battery storage (xStorage Home) and a home energy management system. Customers will be able to buy fully integrated solar and storage package, or the respective components individually. The energy storage systems can either use new or second life batteries from Nissan

electric vehicles, to maximise the use of recyclable materials. The new solution also includes a home energy management system that allows users to control how and when they use their energy. The system significantly reduces homeowners’ carbon footprint and energy costs, by automating energy flows to optimise solar energy production and battery storage capacity. READ MORE tinyurl.com/y92d6agb


Scotland looks towards ‘net-zero’ emissions Scotland is aiming to become one of the first countries to achieve a 100 per cent reduction in carbon emissions, according to Climate Change Secretary Roseanna Cunningham. The new Climate Change Bill sets a target of a 90 per cent reduction by 2050, which the UK Committee on Climate Change (UK CCC) states is currently “at the limit of feasibility.” The draft Bill sets out that the Scottish Government intends to go further still and achieve a 100 per cent reduction in


role to play powering the UK but needs to be cheaper and more widely available to live up to its potential. “This £20 million funding boost, part of our modern Industrial Strategy, will help to address these challenges so that we can sustain the exciting momentum building in our low carbon hydrogen economy, creating high-value jobs up and down the country.”

emissions, known as ‘net‑zero’, as soon as possible. Ministers will be legally required to keep the net-zero target date under review by seeking expert advice on the issue every five years. The target date will become legally-binding, subject to the consent of the Scottish Parliament, as soon as there is sufficient evidence to demonstrate the date is credible and achievable. READ MORE tinyurl.com/y9ooty2a



UK and five other countries referred to EU court for illegal air pollution The European Commission will be referring the UK, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, and Romania to the Court of Justice of the EU for failing to adequately address illegal air pollution levels. This action comes following an Air Quality Ministerial Summit in January, which was a final effort to find solutions to address air pollution. The Commission said the six Member States in question did not present credible, effective and timely measures to reduce pollution, within the agreed limits

and as soon as possible. The Czech Republic, Slovakia and Spain are also facing infringement proceedings but will be monitored, rather than being referred to the Court of Justice of the EU. The Commission is also issuing additional letters of formal notice to Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the United Kingdom on the grounds that they have disregarded EU vehicle type approval rules. READ MORE tinyurl.com/y8rnp439


EVs provide better working environments for drivers, study finds The quieter driving environment of an electric vehicle can have significant mental health benefits on the driver, a study by LEVC (London EV Company) has found. The study involved monitoring mental activity and other physical factors of drivers in both the new electrically-driven TX taxi and previous diesel model to find out if the quiet cabin of the EV had an effect on the wellbeing of taxi drivers. The test was designed and executed by acoustics expert Dr Duncan Williams of the University of York and took place in central London with four professional cabbies taking to the wheel of both vehicles and undertaking a series of trial drives. An electroencephalogram, or ‘brain cap’, was placed on the head of each driver. Electrodes within the cap monitored brain activity over a set route through the capital, giving previously unseen insight into the differing mental states between drivers of electric and diesel vehicles. Heart rate and audio readings were also taken too. Driving the electric taxi, cabbies were found to be more focused than when driving a diesel vehicle and higher levels of beta brain wave activity were recorded by drivers in the electric vehicle, which indicates higher

levels of active concentration. This was particularly noticeable when vehicles are waiting at traffic lights. Heart rate was consistently less variable in the electric taxi than the diesel taxi, indicating greater mental calmness. The electric taxi was a less noisy working environment for the drivers with around 5dB less overall amplitude, and an increased dynamic range in comparison to recordings from the diesel taxi. Additional driver survey data showed that the largest improvement over the diesel taxi reported by the drivers was increased happiness. This was followed by reduced stress and less distraction in the electric taxi.

LowCVP’s Andy Eastlake

Taking the first step to tomorrow’s transport system As I write this from the LowCVP’s offices in Westminster, we’re looking forward to the announcement of the government’s promised strategy for cutting emissions from the road sector. The strategy (previously referred to as ‘The Road to Zero’) will give us greater focus and clarity around the trajectory for vehicles and fuels over the next few decades. Many GreenFleet readers will have seen the recent speculative headlines bemoaning supposed future bans on petrol and diesel cars and much wringing of hands over the suggestions that even the iconic Toyota Prius might fall foul of such a ban. While I can’t comment on the content of any government document, what I can say is that I don’t hear anyone today complaining that they can’t buy a Ford Sierra or Vauxhall Cavalier. Moreover, technical change is moving at a pace never before seen in the industry and, in 2040, the car – the way we drive it and, indeed, whether we own it at all – will all be unrecognisable compared with the car of today. And, I should note, the original Prius hybrid – a terrific car and a vital forerunner of things to come – is now over 20 years old and has been superseded by several plug-in variants. The Prius didn’t even exist, of course, when the Sierra and Cavalier were in the new car directories. In 2040, what will be required is that the vast majority of our new vehicles will do most of their journeys with zero emissions at the tailpipe and that the energy on which they run will have to be increasingly – and, ultimately completely – renewable. (I should note that we are making progress in the latter regard; a recent study from the IMechE, with whom LowCVP works closely, focuses on what can be done with the increasingly common UK renewable energy surpluses.) It is the imperative of the need for zero tailpipe emissions particularly in urban centres that any government should be highlighting and clearly signposting; achieving this is vital if UK industries are to be sustainable and to thrive in the longer term. With any long-term strategy (and the poorly informed headlines it generates) there is, of course, also a need to encourage action now and to focus on the shorter-term steps required to deliver the vision. An important component will be how effectively we can encourage the consumer and fleet markets to embrace immediate actions which meet their needs but also begin to reduce the impact that transport is having on the environment. This will be the focus for LowCVP’s 15th Annual Conference in July; how do we make sure that the vehicle and fuel buyers are on-board with aims of the policy makers and that there is sufficient demand-pull for the producers to make the investments needed to deliver the products required. There’s no doubt in my mind that we are on a Journey to Zero, but it is long, complex and challenging, so everyone and everything needs to embrace the strategy and as the philosopher Lao Tzu said: “Do the difficult things while they are easy and do the great things while they are small. A journey of a thousand miles must begin with a single step.” The LowCVP’s Annual Conference – ‘People, Policy or Product; How far can consumers take the drive to zero emissions?’ will take place on 12 July in Westminster.






Real world emissions database reaches 250,000 vehicles Ricardo’s on-road vehicle emissions measurement programme has measured its 250,000th vehicle, making it the largest UK resource of its type to provide an insight into real-world driving emissions. Over a period of 12 months, Ricardo’s vehicle emissions teams have deployed remote sensing technology to measure the emissions from passing vehicles over a wide range of weather and road conditions. These measurements have been matched with vehicle information sources to provide an insight into real-world driving emissions from across the UK fleet.

Ricardo is one of the only organisations in the world to offer all three major methods of monitoring vehicle exhaust emissions: chassis dynamometer (rolling road), PEMS and remote-sensing of vehicle emissions. The company provides support on all aspects of air quality management. The database takes into account differences between fuels, powertrain technologies, driving conditions, vehicle age and environmental effects that include ambient temperature and road gradient. Ricardo is now supporting local authorities and the automotive industry to better


understand their own sources of road transport emissions, using these data to inform evidence-based air quality plans. For local authorities the data provides information for air quality management strategies, such as Clean Air Zones. Automotive manufacturers are using the data to evaluate the contribution of their vehicles to urban emissions under real driving conditions. READ MORE tinyurl.com/y8tc6dcj


Scottish Natural Heritage welcomes Brent Council to introduce DriveNow’s five Renault Zoes to its fleet Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) has taken delivery of five electric Renault Zoes, as part of its plans to have an all electric fleet by 2026. To help drivers get the best range out of the vehicles, Renault UK Regional EV expert Matt Kiziuk will be presenting EV best practice at three sites that the vehicles will be used from. SNH, whose board is appointed directly by the Scottish Government, promotes, cares for and improves Scotland’s natural heritage. It advises the government on

Scottish nature, habitats, and wildlife. Vincent Tourette, Managing Director, Groupe Renault UK said: “Being able to support Scottish Natural Heritage with the roll out of their electric vehicle pool cars is something we are very proud of. We listened to our fleet customers and introduced Fleet Z.E. experts in order to support fleets in understanding the benefits and opportunities Renault Z.E. models can offer. It’s great to see that this initiative is proving to be successful.” Sigmund Craig-Gould, Scottish Natural Heritage fleet manager, said: “Climate change is a global concern, and we are trying to do our part to tackle its effects by reducing our carbon emissions. These zero emission electric vehicles will help us achieve our goals, and meet the Scottish Government’s target of phasing out petrol and diesel cars and vans by 2032.” READ MORE1

J000322 - ODO March T0004 GreenFDleet Magazine 77mm x 420mm_260318.pdf



‘location-less’ car club Brent Council has awarded a new three‑year car club contact to DriveNow, which has successful schemes across Europe and already has 450 members signed up in Borough. Currently, the two car clubs operating in Brent – ZipCar and Enterprise – work on a ‘back to base’ model, which means users must return the car to where they picked it up. The new model will be ‘location-less’ and it will not be necessary to make a reservation. In its initial stage, 16 per cent of the cars used on the scheme will be electric. A one-off registration fee of £4.99 applies, and cost of use varies from 33p to 39p per minute depending on the car, and hourly and daily rates are available. READ MORE



Fleet cost control made easy Sign up now www.ododrive.com



Oxford to trial ‘pop-up’ on-street EV charge points Oxford will begin trialling ‘pop-up’ on‑street electric vehicle charging, which will retract underground when not in use. 20 UEone retractable pavement bollards by Urban Electric will be installed on streets with on-road, off-pavement parking. The scheme will be available to residents who currently have electric vehicles, and those who want to own an electric vehicle. The UEone was developed specifically to provide charging for the 43 per cent of UK households who have on-street parking. The

charging points will be app-operated and will retract underground when not in use. The UEone uses the same SmartCable as Ubitricity lamp posts, allowing residents to charge at any UEone retractable bollard or Ubitricity lamp post. The successful bid was made in partnership with Duku, Urban Electric and Oxford City Council and has been awarded £473,595 of funding. The overall cost of the project will be £600,000, with the remaining funding coming from

Urban Electric via private investment. The funding was awarded under Innovate UK’s Infrastructure Systems competition. The project will support the existing Go Ultra Low Oxford on-street residential charging project, which has seen 100 electric vehicle charging points installed in residential streets across Oxford. READ MORE tinyurl.com/y94gjqz7



Kia to launch 48V diesel mild-hybrid powertrain

Use gas grid to store hydrogen produced from excess renewables, report says

Kia Motors will introduce its first 48V diesel mild-hybrid powertrain in the second half of 2018, which will be the first new powertrain launched under Kia’s wider 2025 electrification strategy. The EcoDynamics+ diesel mild‑hybrid powertrain will enable Kia to offer cleaner diesel engines. The system reduces CO2 emissions by supplementing acceleration with electric power from an additional 48‑volt battery and extending combustion engine ‘off time’ using a new Mild‑Hybrid Starter-Generator unit. The technology can be integrated into existing vehicle and powertrain architectures without impacting practicality or packaging. The Kia Sportage will be the first model to offer the new EcoDynamics+ diesel mild‑hybrid powertrain later in 2018. The all-new third‑generation Kia Ceed will be the second among a range of Kia models to offer the new powertrain from 2019. The introduction of the new

48‑volt powertrain means Kia is the first manufacturer to offer consumers hybrid, plug-in hybrid, battery-electric and 48‑volt technology across its model line-up. Kia plans to launch 16 advanced powertrain vehicles by 2025, including five new hybrids, five plug-in hybrids, five battery‑electric vehicles and – in 2020 – a new fuel-cell electric vehicle. The system is paired with Kia’s Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) active emissions control technology, reducing CO2 emissions by up to four per cent on the new Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedure (WLTP), and up to seven per cent on the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC). Kia’s mild-hybrid technology features a compact 0.46kWh 48-volt lithium-ion battery and a new Mild-Hybrid Starter-Generator (MHSG). READ MORE tinyurl.com/ybox6rvx

More should be done to promote the use of hydrogen as a way of storing energy, which would make the UK energy system greener and more efficient, according to a new report by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Technology could be used to allow the gas grid to be used to store excess electricity, in the form of hydrogen, which would tackle one of the major barriers of expanding renewable power in the UK. The recommendation is made in the report, ‘Energy from Gas: Taking a Whole System Approach’, which outlines ways that gas could be used to make the UK energy system greener, cheaper and more efficient. The report calls for more support for power to gas technology, which is when excess electricity on the National Grid, from either high levels renewable generation or low demand, is used to create hydrogen through electrolysis. This can be used locally, or

injected into the gas grid at a low hydrogen concentration. Apart from producing ‘green’ gas, it can also be used to balance the electricity grid. The UK gas grid has the potential to store excess electricity in the form of hydrogen, for a greater amount of time than some other forms of energy storage, such as batteries. The report calls on the government to work with the gas industry to promote the use of up to 20 per cent hydrogen in the gas distribution network including change in pipes and materials by 2023. It also calls on the government to commit to creating an industrial forum that brings together the nuclear, renewable power and gas sectors to promote the generation and storage of hydrogen for use across the UK energy system, including transport. READ MORE tinyurl.com/ybuv6hoc

Electric Vehicles Written by Daniel Brown, external affairs officer and EV lead, Renewable Energy Association

Support for local authority EV charging goals While the electric vehicle evolution is global, the impacts will be local, and local authorities will be expected to play their part in delivering a robust charging infrastructure. The Renewable Energy Association’s Daniel Brown shares some advice on how local authorities can champion electric vehicles Do you know what the councils of Watford, Westminster, and Dundee all have in common with the cities of Fremont in California, Hangzhou in China, and Wrocław, Poland? It’s that they all are playing key roles in the electrification of the UK’s car and van fleet. Change is coming fast. The Committee on Climate Change’s analysis that 60 per cent of car sales need to be electric by 2030 to meet our carbon targets could well be achieved earlier as the manufacturing hubs that are home to Tesla, Geely, and Nissan alike continue to champion battery powered transport. But while this great electric vehicle evolution may be global, the impacts will be local, and local authorities will be expected to play their part in delivering the affordable, reliable, and accessible EV infrastructure that will allow us to reduce emissions and cut costs for consumers. Supporting local authorities Consumer demand for EVs and a growing central government push for the deployment of infrastructure will impact local authorities in a host of ways. Officers need to be thinking ahead about the grants and tax breaks in place, how to encourage complementary technologies such as solar and energy storage, and both sharing and learning from best practice in terms of supporting developers, and the consumer protection schemes that are in place.


REA’s EV grou p has dev e l o p ed a new r Taking eport called Local A Charge: How u champi thorities can on e vehicleslectric

That’s why the REA’s EV group has developed a new report Taking Charge: How Local Authorities can champion electric vehicles, which is designed to support council officers, councillors, developers, and engaged individuals who seek to support this important transition. The development of the right types of infrastructure, particularly in terms of where it’s located and operated, is critical to both ensuring that the consumer experience of this shift is preferable to the current system – EVs needs to save our citizens money as well as improve our local environment. Our Taking Charge report puts into the public domain a host of pragmatic proposals, the product of interviews with a range of local authorities and charge point developers by the REA – and the paper is finding support in many corners, from parliamentarians to councillors and local government trade groups. Taking action The report proposes a range of actions, including appointing an ‘EV Car Czar’ from the council body to make it easier for charge


point developers to rapidly install the equipment needed. It urges local authorities to make the ‘Milton Keynes Promise’ to ensure that on-street charge points are made available near to those who own EVs. Other recommendations include making it easier for residents to request on-street charge points, investigating how solar and energy storage technologies can power our cars, and creating an ‘EV Plan’ within the local authority, which allocates a budget and identifies clear deliverables. Giving benefits for early EV drivers, such as free parking or allowing EVs to use bus lanes is also proposed, as is commiting to purchasing EVs as part of the council’s transport fleet, and/or working with bus service operators and contractors to encourage their fleets to go electric. The report also suggests establishing an ‘energy board’ of councillors and staff that looks at how the local authority can reduce costs from sustainable energy technologies, and how to introduce new income streams as funding from central government falls. Another proposal is to ensure residents can find charge points by making them visible and signposted, and connecting local authority

Best practice The REA and its members – not just in the EV group but in our solar and energy storage sectors as well, are seeing remarkable initiatives from local government already. Dundee in Scotland is championing charging hubs with on-site storage & solar, and others are also realising that it’s not just about environmental progress – this historic shift is creating scope for new LA revenue streams in an era of declining funding. Other groups are also highlighting the opportunity of new technologies for local authorities, such BRE whose recent Solar Carport Guide highlights how revenues can be increased from council parking spaces. The push for low carbon infrastructure Local authority initiatives are taking place as the same time as the debate about the Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill progresses in Parliament. The Bill is presently being considered by the Lords, a number of whom have taken a significant amount of time in researching issues facing the EV market, in understanding the Bill, and in drafting of amendments. Discussed in the Lords to date include amendments that would compel the government to report on the progress of charge point roll out and that would empower the government to compel stakeholders

beyond fuel forecourts (forecourts are already in the Bill) to install charging points, such as commercial properties with public car parks (e.g. supermarkets and football stadiums). Numerous amendments relate to empowering local government or combined authority mayors. Others also relate to building standards – the REA agrees with the view that new homes and new commercial properties should be built with the appropriate trenching, ducting, and wiring in place so as to make charge point installation in the future faster and cheaper. We would go a step beyond and also make the case for three-phase power supplies to be installed to the door in new homes. Permitted development rights is another issue on the agenda, which relate to expediting the development of rapid charging hubs, particularly alongside major motorways. A number of developers are developing, or preparing to develop, ‘charging hubs’ across the UK, an example of which is new market entrant Pivot Power who in late May proposed 45 sites for rapid charging hubs (notably each with a 50MW battery storage system on-site). National Grid has it’s own plans for 50 ‘ultra‑rapid’ charging hubs strategically located across the UK near major motorways. The government is committed to lowcarbon transport and it’s clear, in our view, that the direction of travel in the UK for cars and vans is electric. It’s not just Fremont California or Hangzhou China that is gearing up for this new age – in February we saw advanced plans emerge from the European

Commission for a ‘Battery Alliance.’ VicePresident for Energy Union Maroš Šefcovic stated that “to capture this market, or a great part of it, we need between ten and twenty Giga factories in Europe” which could equate to as much as EUR 20bn in investment. To facilitate it, the Commission has its own action plan, targeting building regulations, planning permissions, and local charge point rollout – not so different from the crux of the debate in Britain. As Šefcovic notes, however, speed will be key. As such it follows that the development of major EV infrastructure should be seen as in the strategic national interest and charging hubs should be given the ability to deploy quickly – and be extended rights similar to those in the telecoms industry.

Electric Vehicles

websites with the ZapMap API (which lists the charge points and their status across the UK).

Conclusion With local authorities on the front lines, new income streams for them potentially on the table, and the opportunity for the nation to win a market share in the time of clean technology manufacturing, we should look to the Prime Minister’s Ultra Low Emission Vehicle Summit now formally set for the 11-12 of September. The interim is a good period to plan, coordinate, and in September demonstrate to policy makers, ministers, and businesspeople from across the world what can be achieved in Britain. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.r-e-a.net





info@evchargersdirect.co.uk • 01283 348012 www.evchargersdirect.co.uk



BMW Fleet & Business Sales


Official fuel economy figures for the new BMW 225xe Premium Active Tourer: Combined 113.0 mpg (2.5 l/100km). CO2 Emissions 57 g/km. †Draft technical data due to be confirmed shortly.

The Ultimate Driving Machine

The new BMW 225xe Premium Active Tourer is equipped to adapt to whatever challenge comes your way. With trim options including Sport Premium and M Sport Premium, it offers extraordinary practicality without compromising on style. With standard LED headlights, the BMW 225xe Premium Active Tourer offers superior vision. And with its striking lines and impressive kidney grille, it’s a car that’s quick to make a

great impression. Sporty, dynamic, and sophisticated, it has the attitude of a classic BMW with an electric twist. Then there’s the premium interior complete with panoramic sunroof. Offering both ample room and superior comfort, it creates a relaxing drive for those commuter miles. There’s also plenty of space for luggage thanks to folding rear and passenger backrests, while heated seats and front and rear Park Distance Control are standard.

When it comes to handling tricky and unexpected situations, this car thrives. Coming with BMW xDrive as standard, the intelligent all-wheel drive system automatically adapts to changes in driving conditions by rebalancing power between the wheels, achieving maximum traction on any road surface. This is a car built for tough terrains. FROM:


CO2 emissions†


16% 113 BIK†

MPG (combined)†

Visit: bmw.co.uk/225xePremium Figures are obtained in a standardised test cycle. During the test plug-in hybrid vehicles used a combination of battery power and petrol fuel after the battery had been fully charged. All figures are intended for comparisons between vehicles and may not be representative of what a user achieves under usual driving conditions. Plug-in hybrid vehicles require mains electricity for charging. Metallic paint optional on 225xe Premium Sport and M Sport models.

Admin Business Solutions has implemented the necessary enhancements to ensure GDPR compliance In accordance with the European Union’s forthcoming General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), Admin Business Solutions (ABS) has actively embraced new specifications within all electronic systems, policies and procedures. In addition, ABS’ clients continue to experience the highly regulated degree of quality and security resultant of ABS’ UKAS ISO:9001 and UKAS ISO:27001 accreditations. As a founder member of the Association for Driver Licence Verification (ADLV), ABS has ensured the consistent development of its online driver licence verification solution with industry trends and has further implemented the necessary system enhancements to ensure complete GDPR compliance. This involves integration of both the DVLA’s new driver consent mandates and guidelines, resulting in continuance of a fully compliant electronic consent process and fair processing policy. In addition, ABS’ experience in provision for fleets of varying sizes, ranging from small‑to‑medium enterprises through to large corporations and FN50 clientele, has ensured clarity in communicating system updates to both ABS’ client-base and their respective drivers; the result being comprehensive

compliance throughout ABS’ Driver Licence verification service provision, from consent collation through to automated processing. Through the flexibility afforded by ABS’ bespoke online driver licence verification solution, ABS remain able to provide both electronic and paper provision of consent. However, ABS is pleased to announce a distinct uplift in clients utilising its electronic consent facilities, with many appreciating the value of both the environmental and administrative benefits afforded. ABS’ online driver licence verification solution continues to proffer numerous features in order to streamline this essential aspect of fleet compliance. This includes automated bulk driver licence checking, periodic re-checking and fleet management reports, and facilities to assess the live status of employee driving licences and their entitlement to drive. Facilities to assess, monitor and access reminders concerning employee driving licence validity and date of expiry are also available, as are facilities to assess the accuracy and validity of all employee driving licence details. Facilities to review driving licence endorsements, penalties, points and

DRIVER & VEHICLE COMPLIANCE MADE SIMPLE DAVIS powered by Licence Check Ltd automates and streamlines essential checks and processes to ensure risk is minimised and Duty of Care is addressed. With solutions for driving licence checking, grey fleet management and online risk assessment, DAVIS scores drivers giving an instant view of imminent risk. Licence Checking CDR Driver Risk Assessor Grey Fleet Management

Request your FREE DEMO online at www.edavis.co.uk or call us on 0330 660 7107





disqualification status are also available, as well as the ability to assess driving licence vehicle categories, indicating the vehicles drivers are permitted to drive. Finally, the system allows you access to three-year legal driver licence checking consent, through ABS’ electronic-consent (eConsent) functionality, and gives instant notification of driver offences or changes to driver licences. Furthermore, 2018 presents the opportunity for ABS to supply clients with new data-oriented services such as the integration of CPC and tachograph data, amongst new market-leading innovations. Additional information concerning ABS’ online Driver Licence Verification solution and other services available can be found below. FURTHER INFORMATION www.adminbusinesssolutions.co.uk

The GDPR, which came into effect 25 May, is an enormous change in how personal data is held, maintained, consented to, managed and audited. Unsurprisingly, one of the areas of major impact is the fleet management sector, where personal driver records are checked regularly. This means both government and commercial organisations ‘know who their drivers are’ with the benefits for road safety and risk reduction clearly defined. With this need for regular driver licence checking, fleet managers have felt overwhelmed by the prospects of meeting the new GDPR deadlines both in general terms and by the DVLA guidelines. Fortunately, trade association the The Association For Driving Licence Verification (ADLV) has been at the forefront of helping fleets to comply. Indeed, the ADLV has been working extremely closely with the DVLA on the implementation of GDPR (General

Data Protection Regulation) for the ADD service. This puts the Association in a strong position to explain the ramifications of GDPR clearly and concisely to fleet and procurement managers. By helping to explain the GDPR rules for its members’ fleet customers, the ADLV believes that discussions will help to define the industry standard going forwards. Guidance In short, the ADLV will now support members with advice on such topics as the content of Privacy Notices, how the data will be used and how long information can be held. They will offer guidance on the required audit trails, what to do with the data afterwards, people’s right to be forgotten, training issues and the potential changes in the mandate and the associated terms and processes. Terry Hiles, the ADLV’s

The DVLA changes will come into effect by a stated deadline of 25 August 2018, just three months from the introduction of GDPR

deputy chair recently noted that, “GDPR is going to present a challenge to a worryingly large number of businesses which have hitherto assumed that sitting beside the driver to look at their licence details using the DVLA’s service for individuals is sufficient evidence of consent. There are new standards of consent that the ADLV can advise on. However, deciding the new level of consent is one aspect of the challenge – the other is the sheer scale and timing of the change.” The GDPR based changes recently announced by the DVLA, mean that over two million drivers will be required to grant new driving licence data permission to their fleet operator. Only by complying with the new rules, will fleet drivers now be properly checked. However, the DVLA changes will come into effect by a stated deadline of 25 August 2018, just three months from the introduction of GDPR. The new GDPR regulation will apply to all private and public sector organisations processing personal data and receiving E

Written by Mark Sugden, secretary for the Association of Driving Licence Verification

With the GDPR now in effect, are you really prepared for the changes? Mark Sugden, Secretary for the Association of Driving Licence Verification, highlights how the new legislation affects fleets and how the ADLV has been working with the DVLA to help overcome the hurdles


Helping fleet managers deliver GDPR


What's in the back of YOUR VAN?

- Smart Power Solutions Take your vehicle fleet into the digitally-connected, smart space of lithium ion-technology.  Fast-charging, low-weight, long lifetime and more power! 

Time's have Changed...



A major change These changes are a huge shift for the DVLA and indeed the driving licence checking industry as a whole. From a compliance perspective, all employers and third parties who are responsible for licence checking will need to be able to demonstrate that the new fair processing declaration has actually been authorised by the driver. This will need to be stored in a highly secure fashion and in a way that can be easily audited and accessed by the DVLA to ensure compliance with the new GDPR legislation. This is good news for ADLV members as they are all ISO27001 accredited – and they will welcome this as it raises the bar

GDPR is by far the most significant data challenge that fleet managers have needed to adjust to. However, the ADLV will, of course, be advising all its members on how to prepare fully and professionally for the significant changes ahead for security and data processing within the fleet industry and related sectors. Importantly, those companies that were not data-secure will now have to adhere closely to these new standards; which is good for data protection and the licence checking industry as a whole. Commenting on the GDPR changes, Malcolm Maycock, Chair of the ADLV commented: “The security of data and compliance in accordance with legislation, whether it is Data Protection regulations or current work related road safety legislation, is a core business function of ADLV members. Whilst this is a mammoth task in a short timeframe, our members are wholly committed to ensure that all processing is correct and complies fully with the new GDPR legislation. The good news is that the new Data Processing Declarations will continue to remain valid for three years from the date permission is actually granted. “GDPR is by far the most significant data challenge that fleet managers have needed to adjust to. However, the ADLV


 driver information from the DVLA. All employers and their fleet / procurement managers, who are legally obliged to check a drivers’ entitlement to drive, will be under enormous pressure to hit this looming August deadline. With this in mind, and aiming to ease the burden, ADLV member companies, who facilitate online licence data checking, are contacting their customers to advise on the new compliance requirements. ADLV members along with all their customers must now satisfy themselves that the new fair processing declaration complies with the new data protection legislation and is permitted by the driver. ADLV members will advise customers on the full implications of the incoming changes and how they can ensure effective compliance with the new DVLA requirements.

will, of course, be advising all our members on how to prepare fully and professionally for the significant changes ahead.” For her part, Donna Jones, senior commercial data sharing manager at DVLA welcomed Malcolm Maycock’s comments adding: “We welcome the advice that is to be given to ADLV members. The DVLA has been undertaking a detailed review of all its contracts in relation to GDPR, including the ADD contract which we will rollout in readiness for the new legislation.” So what originally looked like a potentially insurmountable and onerous administrative hurdle is now seen as very manageable thanks to the ADLV, with the support of the DVLA. The extra good news is that by the end of the year, data management standards will be greatly improved as will data security. All in all, that has to be a good outcome all round. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.adlv.co.uk



It is believed that self-driving vehicles will contribute to air quality improvements, cut congestion, boost safety and create thousands of skilled jobs in the UK. But is there a place for them on fleets? Our panel of experts take on the debate In 2016, 85.9 per cent of collisions causing injury involved human error. In the same year, a report published by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers suggested that adopting autonomous vehicles could prevent up to 95 per cent of traffic accidents. It has also been estimated that driverless technology market could be worth up to £50 billion to UK economy by 2035. As many of the self-driving cars on trial are electric, this agenda also contributes to better air quality.  As such, the government is ploughing investment into the research and trials of self-driving vehicles, and is pushing through the Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill to get the industry regulated in terms of insurance, and the technology and infrastructure up to scratch. But is there a place for self-driving vehicles in business fleets, and is it something that fleet managers should be thinking about? ACFO’s John Pryor believes the reality of fully autonomous vehicles is some distance into the future but in the meantime, more and more systems are becoming autonomous, and that is something fleets should be aware of and can benefit from. This is echoed by the AA’s Stuart Thomas: “In the short term, both drivers and fleet operators can benefit from enhanced driver aid systems such as Automatic Electronic Braking (AEB), lane assist and blind spot assist. Although these are functionally beneficial for the driver, fleet operators can also see benefits through reduced repair and maintenance costs as the systems can help avoid collisions.” Once full autonomy is achieved, fleet operators will benefit through boosted efficiency, adds Stuart. He explains: “More journeys will be made with fewer vehicles, leading to fleet downtime and overall operating costs being reduced.  “The duty of care element for fleet operators will also be minimised due to a reduction in employee driving time. Issues such as driver fatigue levels and driver errors will no longer be a concern for fleet operators, allowing their main priorities to be journey


Stuart Thomas, director of fleet and SME services, the Automobile Association (AA) With more than 20 years’ experience in the fleet sector, Stuart’s extensive knowledge of the industry comes from roles across contract hire, disposal and related fleet services. His experience includes working with organisations including Nissan Finance and Lombard. Stuart joined the AA in 2000. Dan Regan, head of innovation, Lightfoot Dan’s background is electronic, automotive and clean‑tech engineering. Being responsible for maintaining Lightfoot’s market advantage through continual innovation, he has led many projects that have made Lightfoot the respected brand it is today. Dan works closely with academic, automotive and psychology departments to further develop the company’s approach. John Pryor, chairman, ACFO John Pryor is one of the best known personalities in the UK fleet industry. He has been chairman of ACFO, the leading UK representative body for fleet decision‑makers, since June 2014. In charge of the fleet at Arcadia Group, the leading fashion retailer, for almost 30 years, John has been an ACFO member for 20 years. completion and vehicle servicing.” John Pryor cautions that price will also play a big factor in whether fully autonomous vehicles will be used in fleets however. He says: “Fleet operators need to see how viable autonomous vehicles are for their fleet operations, notably in terms of whole life costs. Almost inevitably, the greater the amount of technology, the greater the cost.”  Lightfoot’s Dan Regan points towards the mobility solutions that autonomous vehicles could facilitate, and how these could benefit fleets. He says: “Level five autonomy will give rise to entire new vehicle ownership models, where new companies will be born to provide Mobility as a Service (MaaS). The benefits available to fleets from such models are significant. Pool car


fleets in particular could be considerably reduced in numbers as fleet organisations recognise the benefits of mobility as a service. We already know that Lightfoot can reduce vehicle down-time and assist with maintenance scheduling of fleets, but, with Mobility as a Service, this can become the service operator’s issue, for example.” Infrastructure With regards to fully autonomous vehicles, John Pryor believes it will be some years before the legislation and infrastructure are in place to enable a switch to driverless cars where “employees can sit back and work as the vehicle ‘drives’ to its destination.”  A report from the RAC last year noted that the greatest demands on road infrastructure

Icon made by Freepik from www.flaticon.com

Expert Panel: Mobility


Expert Panel: Mobility

from fully autonomous vehicles would be sharing roads with vehicles with partial or no automation. This is because autonomous vehicles react differently to scenarios and other road users would need to be educated to this effect and adapt their own behaviour. The AA’s Stuart Thomas says: “A major concern for manufacturers is how autonomous vehicles will interact with traditional driver operated ones. AV sensors must be programmed with instructions about how to behave when with other vehicles, or what to do if road users do something out of the ordinary. This was highlighted with the recent publicised incident in Arizona when a driver operating vehicle in autonomous mode collided with a pedestrian crossing the road at night.” Lightfoot’s Dan Regan agrees, saying: “Consideration needs to be given to the intricacies of the autonomous technology interacting with human drivers – who can often be unpredictable and not always follow the rules of the road.” Giving examples, Dan says: “Have you ever

The ment govern ing in t is inves rch and a the reseself-driving trials of les, and is vehic g to get pushin dustry the in ted regula

flashed your lights to be courteous and let another vehicle out of a junction? Is an autonomous vehicle expected to react to that and pull into the gap, thanking the human driver by flashing its indicators? Or is it supposed to obey the highway code and interpret that flash as a warning that the other vehicle is there?” Dan also questions the system’s ability to make decisions – particularly prioritising decisions in an emergency when an accident is unavoidable. He asks: “How will it decide what obstacle to collide with that will cause the least damage or impact?” There is also consideration of unfavourable driving conditions. The RAC report says: ‘Careful thought will need to be given to the issue of driving in degraded conditions

– including those arising from severe weather, road accidents, and emergency situations caused by accidents, breakdowns or trespass. One problematic situation would be the case of roadworks in which lane markings may disappear or be replaced by cones, or where traffic is guided through the roadworks by staff using hand signals’. Who’s at fault? The Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill is looking to enable drivers of automated cars to be insured on UK roads and for victims of collisions involving an automated vehicle to have a quick and easy access to compensation. But there is a debate over who is liable should an accident happen. John Pryor believes that if it is a truly autonomous vehicle, then liability E Volume 114 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE


Expert Panel: Mobility

Final thoughts Stuart Thomas The successful enrolment of autonomous Vehicles (AVs) will allow greater mobility for a wider range of people, including the disabled, elderly and other social groups who may otherwise be unable to drive. Through mobility demand services, they will be able to travel from their current location directly to their destination. AVs could also change the shape of car ownership, whereby people wishing to make a journey by car simply request the services of an AV through an app. Dan Regan Fully autonomous vehicles are, generally speaking, unlikely to be owned by the public. Level 5 autonomy will give rise to entire new vehicle ownership models, where new companies will be born to provide Mobility as a Service (MaaS). The benefits available to fleets from such models are significant. Pool car fleets in particular could be considerably reduced in numbers as fleet organisations recognise the benefits of mobility as a service. We already know that Lightfoot can reduce vehicle down-time and assist with maintenance scheduling of fleets, but, with Mobility as a Service, this can become the service operator’s issue, for example. John Pryor In a fully autonomous vehicle, the driver is redundant and therefore their ability to drive is irrelevant – potentially making a driving licence unnecessary. Furthermore, if automated vehicle technologies develop to the extent that vehicles can undertake door to door journeys without the need of a driver at all, they could improve mobility for the elderly and disabled and those without a driving licence, enhancing their quality of life. What’s more parking would no longer be an issue as cars could drop off occupants, park where there’s space and return to pick up passengers when required.


 should not lie with the driver, adding that “a driver could continue to be held liable if they were able to step in and intervene, overriding the technology by making control inputs themselves.” John continues: “There are many people in the chain that could be held liable after a crash, including drivers, vehicle operators, manufacturers, system developers, car dealers, service providers, data providers, car maintenance firms, or a combination of them all. And it will also depend on the level of automation and driver involvement.” Dan Regan paints a scenario: “If a vehicle is produced that does not require input or control from its occupants, then any collision fault cannot lie with them. It seems, in my opinion, most appropriate that the manufacturer should field, but not necessarily be accountable for collisions and the resulting claims. This would mean the manufacturer would have to, in turn, claim against a sensor or microchip manufacturer if they found fault that could not have reasonably been detected during vehicle‑level failure mode testing and validation. “This would, of course, open up the almost certain possibility of underwriters providing insurance to manufacturers to cover claims from its customers. Just one of the many models that I’ve heard discussed within the industry – but, in my opinion, a model that seems to make the most sense.” Stuart Thomas talks through the proposals being suggested in this area: “The Department for Transport (DfT) has proposed amendments to the motor insurance framework to include AVs. This will require changes to legislation, however the government says it will change as little as possible to enable the market to develop the appropriate AV products. “Proposals include plans for insurance companies to cover both a driver’s use of a vehicle and the car’s autonomous technology. Having appropriate insurance will still be compulsory. The insurance would cover times when motorists are in control and when cars are in automated driving mode.”


Stuart adds: “This follows on from the Association of British Insurers (ABI) call for AV data, made at its annual conference in November. The ABI requested that car makers provide enough data to show who has been at fault in an accident involving driverless vehicles, with a standard set of data agreed at international level.” The future mobility mix Mobility as a Service (MaaS) – where various modes of transport are brought together for one journey and accessed as one service – is being investigated by the government for its ability to take cars off the road. This would therefore ease congestion and reduce air pollution. Autonomous vehicles are also being investigated in these scenarios. Dan Regan says: “Connectivity facilitates linking different modes of transport seamlessly and effortlessly for the user, providing them with all the necessary information that they feel they need to make decisions on how they connect with other forms of transport. This could mean that combinations of different transport modes like trains, planes, autonomous vehicles and taxis may become much simpler than driving point-to-point using our highways.” Stuart Thomas points towards the particular benefits this could have for certain sectors of society, such as disabled, elderly and other social groups who may otherwise be unable to drive. He says: “Through mobility demand services, they will be able to travel from their current location directly to their destination.” John Pryor echoes this thought: “If automated vehicle technologies develop to the extent that vehicles can undertake door to door journeys without the need of a driver at all, they could improve mobility for the elderly and disabled and those without a driving licence, enhancing their quality of life.” “What’s more parking would no longer be an issue as cars could drop off occupants, park where space is available and return to pick up passengers when required,” John adds. L

GreenFleet Scotland

Supporting Scotland’s eco-goals The exhibition floor at GreenFleet Scotland was packed with the latest emission-friendly vehicles, technologies, products and services for delegates interested in greening their fleets Sponsored by the Energy Saving Trust is growing. Gordon Manson from the Scotland, Transport Scotland and Chargeplace Energy Saving Trust lead the first seminar Scotland, GreenFleet Scotland took place session, which covered the growing ULEV on 4 May at the Royal Highland Centre in options for commercial vehicle operators. Edinburgh and saw green superstars Tesla Mark Barrett from LDV, the manufacturer of and BMW mingle alongside sustainable the EV80 electric van, took the second truck and van manufacturers keynote slot, which examined how t Iveco and LDV, as well as electric vans can save money e e l F n Gree took other zero and ultra-low and improve air quality. emission vehicles. Scotland will be otland May c S 4 For the first time, introducing four Low n place o al Highland Emission Zones, with the event hosted a oy solar PV zone, with the first one to be at the R in Edinburgh, innovative companies introduced in Glasgow e r Cent welcomed offering EV charging by the end of the year. e l c and from solar energy, As such, air quality i h e v ble while the hydrogen was the focus of the sustaina facturers zone made its fourth second seminar session. u n ma appearance, showcasing David Duffy from the pliers fuel cell vehicles and Royal Environmental Health and sup hydrogen refuelling solutions. Institute of Scotland (REHIS) The seminar sessions delved kicked it off with an update on into the pressing topics affecting fleets, Scotland’s air quality work, including how such as greening commercial vehicles, Air Quality Management areas will fit in air quality and lowering emissions. alongside impending low emission zones, as well as an explanation on the work REHIS Seminar sessions is doing to spur action to clean up air. Van and truck operators still rely heavily Andrew Campbell from REHIS opened on diesel, but interest in alternative fuels his session with the question: “Why do we

accept that we are breathing poor air? We wouldn’t drink water if it looked yellow.” Andrew went on to say that air pollution is mostly an invisible problem, “so if you can’t see it, you are not thinking about it.” It therefore needs to be made visual to instigate change, and the media has picked up on shocking images, which is helping to put air pollution at the forefront of people’s minds. John Bynorth from Environmental Protection Scotland then spoke about Clean Air Day on 21 June. The day is about increasing awareness of the air pollution problem and having individuals make pledges to do something to reduce their emissions. This could include walking to work, not idling when parked up, car sharing or working from home. John also explained about the Clean Van Commitment, which will see fleets committing to zero tailpipe emissions by 2028. The afternoon seminar was kicked off by Ellie Grebenik from the Energy Saving Trust who spoke of the results from Switched on Fleets, an initiative to provide support for public sector fleets who want to buy ULEVs. Juliet Farquhar from Scottish Power then took to the podium to share her experience of adopting electric vans. E



GreenFleet Scotland

GreenFleet Glasgow on 5 October GreenFleet returns to Scotland this coming Autumn, with GreenFleet Glasgow taking place at the Tall Ship on 5 October. Staged in association with Glasgow City Council, the event will kick start the low-emission zone process being implemented. The event is designed to educate fleet or transport managers on ULEVs and how introducing them into your fleet operation can save you thousands, whilst also being kinder to the environment. If you or your organisation would like to get involved, please email Colin.Boyton@psigroupltd.co.uk

 To finish the talks, David Beeton from Urban Foresight gave an insightful look back at how far electric vehicles have come in the last 10 years, and what the future looks like. Green power Scotland has an impressive track record for renewables energy production. In the first six months of 2017, enough wind power was generated to supply more than all of Scotland’s national demand for six days. What’s more, Scotland’s first energy strategy released in December stated its ambition for the equivalent of 50 per cent of the energy for Scotland’s heat, transport and electricity consumption to be supplied from renewable sources. It is becoming increasingly understood that the greenest way to charge electric cars or produce hydrogen is from renewables. As such, this year’s event hosted the first Solar PV Zone. The Solar Trade Association had representatives to discuss how charging electric vehicles from the energy generated from solar PVs can save money. It also reduces the ‘embedded’ emissions from using the grid. Showcasing the products that offer EV charging from solar, as well as energy storage solutions, were AES Solar, Solar Kingdom, and Rexel. The Renewable Energy Association meanwhile shared details of its EV group which aims to accelerate electric vehicles through informing regulators and government. Representatives from the Electric Vehicle Association Scotland were also available to discuss their work supporting EV drivers in Scotland. Hydrogen Zone The Scottish government sees hydrogen, as well as electricity, to make up its future energy mix. It plays a part in Scottish government’s recent energy scenario and funding has been pumped into the Aberdeen Hydrogen Bus project. GreenFleet Scotland hosted a Hydrogen Zone, with vehicles and infrastructure showcased. Logan Energy brought its hydrogen refuelling station, a mobile unit that can produce, store and dispense hydrogen – which should


For the first time, GreenFleet Scotland hosted a solar PV zone, with innovative companies offering EV charging from solar energy help those concerned with the limited public hydrogen refuelling infrastructure. Co-Wheels Car Club brought along two hydrogen fuelled vehicles, the Toyota Mirai and a fuel-cell range extended electric van conversion which is being trialled by fleets. Converted by hydrogen specialists Ulemco, the hydrogen fuel-cell module is located on the roof of a Nissan e-NV200 and generates electricity to charge the battery, extending the range of the vehicle. GreenFleet award winner ITM Power had experts on hand to answer any questions on hydrogen fuel and its supporting infrastructure What’s more, the Scottish Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Association (SHFCA) had representatives giving an update on Scotland’s work with hydrogen. Test drives As expected, Tesla was a test-drive sell out, with its impressive Model X which boasts all‑wheel drive, and delivers a 351‑mile range. BMW was also popular on the track, with its 740e PHEV iPerformance, head-turning hybrid sportscar i8, and all‑electric i3. MINI impressed delegates with its Cooper S E Countryman ALL4 plug-in hybrid electric vehicle. Toyota had its low-emission Auris and Prius hybrids available, as well as the Mirai, the first mass-produced hydrogen fuel-cell vehicle. Dealership Alex F Noble & Son brought along the latest incarnation of its best selling electric car, the LEAF, with its larger 40kW battery and increased range, as well as the range-improved e-NV200 van. The UK’s best selling PHEV, the Mitsubishi Outlander was also available on the day, brought by dealership Fife Mitsubishi & Hyundai. The Hyundai Ioniq, which comes in three powertrain choices – electric, PHEV or hybrid – was also available for test drive.


Commercial vehicle operators had the opportunity to find out more about the natural gas‑powered Iveco Stralis truck and Daily van, while LDV showcased its electric EV80 van branded as a Royal Mail delivery van and EV80 electric tipper. To discuss EV charging needs, Jorro, Tokheim and eVolt were on hand, demonstrating their range of business and home charging units. Meanwhile Air Monitors was present to discuss its tools to measure air quality. To help those with fleet management or financing questions, Inchcape Fleet Solutions and Daimler Fleet Management had experts available. Meanwhile Home Energy Scotland from the Energy Saving Trust was present to explain how they can help companies’ travel become more sustainable. For low and zero emission rental queries, Enterprise Car Club had representatives present. EV Challenge This year’s GreenFleet Scotland saw the return of the EV Challenge, sponsored by Inchcape Fleet Solutions, to find the most efficient driver. The first challenge saw participants drive a pre-selected route in a Kia Optima PHEV. The winner was Rob Mullen and Alan Rich. An inter-company EV Challenge between colleagues from Central Taxis also took place, and saw Tony Kenmuir and Callum Hogg scoop the award for the third year running for the most efficient driving in a Nissan LEAF. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.scotland.greenfleet.net

ALTERNATIVE FUELS What do changes to the RTFO mean for the generation of biomethane as a transport fuel? Plus, a look at the benefits of Shell GTL and first drives of Iveco’s alternatively-fuelled vans




£181 P E R M O N T H


FORD TRANSIT CONNECT TREND 200 L1 1.5 TDCi (75PS). FROM £181 PER MONTH OVER 4 YEARS ON FORD CONTRACT HIRE FROM FORD LEASE. ADVANCE OF 6 MONTHLY RENTALS. BUSINESS USERS ONLY. TO FIND OUT MORE, VISIT FORD.CO.UK Official fuel consumption figures in mpg (l/100km) for the Ford Transit Connect 200 L1 1.5 TDCi Trend (75PS) shown: urban 62.8 (4.5), extra urban 70.6 (4.0), combined 67.3 (4.2). Official CO2 emissions 109g/km. The mpg figures quoted are sourced from official EU-regulated test results (EU Regulation 715/2007 and 692/2008 as last amended), are provided for comparability purposes and may not reflect your actual driving experience. Finance subject to status. Guarantees/indemnities may be required. You will not own the vehicle at the end of the agreement. Examples exclude VAT and are based on 48 month non-maintained agreements, profile 6+47 payment in advance of 6 monthly rentals, followed by 47 monthly rentals, with a mileage of 10,000 miles per annum. Vehicles must be returned in good condition and within agreed mileage, otherwise further charges will be incurred. Prices correct at time of going to print and are subject to change without notice. Subject to availability at a Ford Authorised UK Dealer for vehicles with finance accepted and vehicle contracted between 1st April and 30th June 2018. Not available with any other promotion. Ford Lease is provided by ALD Automotive Ltd, trading as Ford Lease, BS16 7LB

Commercial Vehicle News



E.ON, H&M, Scania and Siemens join forces to decarbonise haulage E.ON, H&M group, Scania and Siemens have formed a coalition to accelerate the decarbonisation of heavy transport. Scania’s Pathways Study: Achieving fossil-free commercial transport by 2050 concludes that fossil-free commercial transport in the timeframe of the Paris agreement target, is possible. However, to get there industry and the political arena must initiate immediate change and ensure action at an unprecedented rate. The coalition of companies will continue to build knowledge, and identify high impact innovation and partnerships within their operations and respective ecosystems. “The past years have shown that the shift to sustainable commercial transport is gathering pace and the market is responding. However, much more must be done to offset the impact of greenhouse gas emissions. No one can do this alone,

but through cooperation we can succeed. That is why the foundation that we are laying with this coalition of the willing is a very important step that demonstrates how we will be driving change,” says Henrik Henriksson, Scania’s President and CEO. “What we are announcing is a stepping stone for further and deeper knowledge about the global decarbonisation of heavy commercial transport. However, it is already now clear that infrastructure for electrification of heavy vehicles is a key part of this journey. It is therefore a very good fit for Siemens to join the group of companies willing to influence and committed to making this happen,” says Ulf Troedsson, President and CEO of Siemens Nordics.

Becki Kite, Environment Policy Manager, FTA

READ MORE tinyurl.com/y888ftal

CARBON TARGETS EU puts forward first ever CO2 standards for trucks The European Commission is putting forward the first ever CO2 emissions standards for heavy-duty vehicles. Announced as part of the EU’s Third Mobility Package, the target states that new trucks will have to be 15 per cent lower in 2025 than in 2019. For 2030, a reduction target of at least 30 per cent compared to 2019 is proposed. To allow further CO2 reductions, the Commission will aim to make it easier to design more aerodynamic trucks and is improving labelling for tyres. In addition, the Commission is putting forward plans for batteries that will help create a competitive and sustainable battery “ecosystem” in Europe. Safety measures include a proposal that new models of vehicles have to be equipped with advanced safety features, such as advanced emergency braking and lane‑keeping assist system for cars or pedestrian and cyclists’

Logistics Emissions Reduction Scheme (LERS) Leadership in Carbon Reduction Award 2018

detection systems for trucks. In addition, the Commission is helping Member States to systematically identify dangerous road sections to better target investment. The commission is also proposing a strategy for fully automated and connected mobility systems. The strategy looks at a new level of cooperation between road users, which could potentially bring enormous benefits for the mobility system as a whole. Transport will be safer, cleaner, cheaper and more accessible to the elderly and to people with reduced mobility. In addition, the Commission is proposing to establish a fully digital environment for information exchange in freight transport. This will cut red tape and facilitate digital information flows for logistic operations.

The LERS Leadership in Carbon Reduction Award for 2018 was presented at the FTA Multimodal Awards dinner, held at the VOX Resorts World at the NEC on Tuesday 1 May The shortlisted entries for this year’s award were of a very high standard. Sainsbury’s impressed the judges with its fleet, which includes 29 dual fuel vehicles, two 100 per cent gas vehicles and ten rigid vehicles fitted with Kinetic Energy Recovery Systems (KERS). Greggs is working hard to support its drivers by reviewing and discussing their telematics scores on a daily basis and providing remedial training and guidance where required. Privately owned family business John Raymond Transport stood out for its impressive and comprehensive system which enables it to track its drivers in real time to help minimise empty running. The John Lewis Partnership is currently running 53 biomethane trucks, giving an 83 per cent carbon reduction with a schedule in place that replaces older, more polluting vehicles with cleaner, biomethane vehicles. FTA is pleased to confirm that the very worthy winner of the LERS 2018 award is John Raymond Transport Ltd. In a field of exceptional entries for this year’s award, John Raymond Transport’s system to cut its emissions stood out for its comprehensive approach which covers all areas of the business. By constantly innovating, and exploring new ways of operating, the company has ensured that its emissions levels have been reduced significantly in the past twelve months and has committed to lowering them further moving forwards. LERS is a voluntary initiative dedicated to supporting the reduction of emissions from freight. Check out the scheme’s new website for further information. FURTHER INFORMATION



tinyurl.com/ybodt4rn Volume 114 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE


Commercial Vehicle News



Government to consult on reduced VED for low-emission vans The government has launched a consultation on vehicle excise duty with the aim of incentivising greater uptake of low or zero emission vans. Currently vehicle excise duty for vans remains at a flat rate of £250 no matter what type of vehicle. This consultation will look at changing this duty to encourage drivers to choose cleaner vans when purchasing a new van. A separate call for evidence is looking at whether the reduced duty rate for red diesel is holding back the use of cleaner fuels by non-road vehicles and machinery in towns and cities – for example cranes or generators used on construction sites. Red diesel, which accounts for 15 per cent of all diesel consumption in the UK, currently benefits from a reduced rate of 11.14p per litre compared to the standard charge of 57.95p. The call for evidence excludes red diesel used for agricultural purposes and for fishing vessels. Exchequer Secretary to the

Treasury, Robert Jenrick, said: “We want to be the first government to leave the environment in a better state that we found it. One of the ways we can do this is by using the tax system to help drivers afford greener choices. “We want to help ‘white van man’ go green. We appreciate that buying a new van is a major investment for small businessmen and women and want to help make environmentally‑friendly choices more affordable. “Public health is at risk due to the use of red diesel in towns and cities. So we are looking at how we can level the playing field on red diesel and exploring how we can encourage users to ditch it.” The proposals on VED will explore creating a graduated first‑year rate for vans, as is already in place for cars. Most van purchases would pay less tax in the first year as a result of the change. READ MORE tinyurl.com/y96bvuft


Volvo unveils second electric truck Volvo has unveiled its second electric truck, FE Electric, which is designed for heavy city distribution and refuse transport operations, with gross weights of up to 27 tonnes. Volvo’s first electric truck, FL Electric, was announced in April and has begun regular operation with two customers in Gothenburg. The first Volvo FE Electric is a refuse truck developed with Faun, and will start operating in early 2019 in Germany’s second-largest city, Hamburg. The new Volvo FE Electric will be offered in several variants for different types of transport assignment. Volvo’s low-entry cab, for example, makes it easier to enter and exit the cab and gives the driver a good view of surrounding traffic. Low noise

level and vibration-free operation makes working conditions better. Battery capacity can be optimised to suit individual needs, and charging takes place either via the mains or via quick-charge stations. Volvo FL Electric has a claimed range of up to 186 miles. Two different charging systems are available: CCS2, which offers maximum charge power of 150 kW DC and low power charging which has a maximum charge power of 22 kW AC. A fast charge takes 1-2 hours (DC charging), and a night charge takes up to 10 hours (AC charging), with maximum battery capacity of 300 kWh.

The latest from LoCITY, TfL’s low-emission commercial vehicle programme At the recent round of James Smith, programme LoCITY working groups, manager, several members had LoCITY questions about how they could prepare for the London’s forthcoming Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ). I thought I’d take this chance to outline some of the key details ahead of its launch on the 8 April 2019. It’s less than a year away so now is the time to start preparing if you currently do business in central London The ULEZ will replace and build on the success of the T-Charge. It will cover the same central area, alongside and on top of the weekday Congestion Charge, but it will operate 24 hours a day, seven days a week, 365 days a year. This means vehicles driving within the Congestion Charge Zone will need to meet new stricter emissions standards to avoid paying an extra daily charge. Your light, up to 3.5 tonne Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW), vehicles need to meet the Euro 6 standard for diesel engines and Euro 4 standard for petrol engines to be compliant with the ULEZ and avoid paying a daily charge. Vehicles above 3.5‑tonne GVW need to meet Euro VI standards. If you are unsure whether your vehicle meets these standards then there is a vehicle checker on the TfL website (tinyurl.com/y9hsddnw). The ULEZ is intending to deter older, more polluting vehicles driving within central London. The new charges reflect that ambition so heavy vehicles not meeting the standards including HGVs, buses and coaches are set at £100 per day. Lighter vehicles not meeting the standards including cars, motorcycles, vans and mini-buses will pay £12.50 per day. This pricing will apply 24/7, so if your vehicle doesn’t meet the required emissions standards and travel in the Congestion Charge Zone 07:00 and 18:00 Monday to Friday, you’ll have pay both the ULEZ and the Congestion Charge. In terms of retrofitting, the Clean Vehicle Accreditation Scheme has been established to ensure any solution has been approved. Once accredited options are available for heavy vehicles, and certified to meet Euro VI standards, then they will not have to pay the ULEZ charge. Visit tinyurl. com/yasopjfa for more information and sign up to the Fleet Briefing newsletter for the updates on the latest options. Now is an ideal time to consider ultra-low and zero emissions capable alternatives. Our LoCITY Commercial Vehicle Finder www.locity.org.uk/ locity-commercial-vehicle-finder/ will tell you what ultra low emission vehicles are available for your fleet. If you’ve got more specific questions around ULEZ and its impact on commercial fleets then get in touch via enquires@locity.org.uk and we’ll direct you to the best place for more information. Next month I’ll be discussing more about LoCITY including details about our exciting conference on September 5 at Kempton Park. FURTHER INFORMATION



tinyurl.com/yc6cqqhx Volume 114 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE


Alternative Fuels: Biogas Written by Charlotte Morton, chief executive of the Anaerobic Digestion & Bioresources Association (ADBA)

What does the new RTFO mean for biomethane? Changes to the Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) came into force in April. Charlotte Morton, chief executive of the Anaerobic Digestion & Bioresources Association (ADBA), analyses what they will mean for the generation of biomethane as a transport fuel Since changes to the Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) came into force in April, the green gas industry has been analysing what they will mean for the generation of biomethane as a transport fuel. The RTFO forms part of the government’s 15-year strategy for incentivising renewable transport fuels, which it hopes will build a firm platform for investment in the development of sustainable advanced fuels. The reforms will now obligate fuel suppliers to provide 9.75 per cent of all fuels from renewable sources by 2020, a doubling of the current 4.75 per cent obligation that will then rise to 12.4 per cent of all fuels by 2032, helping to align the RTFO with the government’s Carbon Budgets. Biomethane produced from organic wastes and energy crops through anaerobic digestion (AD) is one such fuel derived from renewable sources that can help fuel suppliers to meet this new higher target, particularly for heavier vehicles for which electrification is impractical or expensive. As a low-carbon, low-cost, and technology‑ready transport fuel that can deliver £2.1 billion in CO2-equivalent savings per year and dramatically improve air quality, biomethane is perfectly positioned to play a leading role in helping fuel suppliers to meet these increased targets. With close to 100 green gas plants across the UK already producing biomethane,

the UK AD industry has sufficient capacity today to produce enough biomethane to power 80 per cent of the UK’s entire bus fleet and the potential to produce enough biomethane to power 75 per cent of the UK’s HGVs. It can also be used directly on farms to fuel agricultural vehicles. My GreenFleet article from last year sets out many more of the benefits that biomethane offers as a transport fuel. Welcome news Overall, the AD industry welcomed the reforms to the RTFO and the Department for Transport’s (DfT) increased commitment to supporting low-carbon fuels, which are essential for decarbonising the UK’s emissions-heavy transport sector and meeting our Carbon Budgets. The rising of the obligation for renewable-sourced fuels to 12.4 per cent by 2032 goes beyond what was originally consulted on and should create a positive investment environment for renewable fuels (including biomethane) beyond 2020. Indeed, we’ve been told that investors understand the RTFO and think it can help bring market stability to

Nottingham City Transport’s 53rd biogas bus enters service (Photo credit: Nottingham City Transport)



UK corporate pension funds. Our market intelligence suggests that on-farm AD plants in particular may be one source of biomethane that offers a lot of opportunity to generate income under the RTFO. The changes to the RTFO have also seen the introduction of a new sub-target for ‘development fuels’, though contrary to what was initially envisaged by DfT, biomethane is not one of these specified fuels. The reforms have also introduced a cap on crop-derived fuels of four per cent in 2018, reducing in equal increments annually from 2021 to reach three per cent in 2026 and two per cent in 2032; this will have an effect on the feedstocks that AD operators can use to generate biomethane. One issue of ongoing concern is that the RTFO changes do not go far enough to address the scheme’s fundamental structural issues, particularly the historical variability and volatility of the price of Renewable Transport Fuel Certificates (RTFCs), which are awarded for eligible fuel supplied to meet an RTFO obligation. This uncertainty over the RTFC price has made the RTFO largely unbankable to date, which is why we are calling for amendments or additional measures to

Biomet h is one s ane uch fuel de r i v e d from renewa b l e s o u that ca rces supplie n help fuel rs m new higeet the h target er

Alternative Fuels: Biogas

bring stability to RTFCs, ideally through a price floor that would guarantee a minimum price. Low carbon buses With regard to bus fleets, DfT has confirmed that biomethane supplied via the RFTO can be awarded the Low Carbon Emission Buses incentive under the Bus Service Operators Grant. Refuelling infrastructure grants through the Ultra-Low-Emission Bus scheme are also still available. Importantly, given the propensity for government support to very quickly dry up at short notice, there is a view in the biomethane‑for-transport industry that there is a strong business case for subsidy‑free biomethane buses. While incentives such as the RTFO are of course important in helping to build markets for renewable fuels, it’s vital for the AD industry to continue to work to bring down costs to make biomethane competitive with other fuels even without government support. The effects of the new RTFO on the biomethane-for-transport market will be one of the main topics of discussion at UK AD & World Biogas Expo 2018, taking place on the 11-12 July at the NEC in Birmingham. The event, organised jointly by ADBA and the World Biogas Association, will feature panel discussions on the UK biomethane‑for‑transport market, biomethane bus fleets from around the world, and UK biogas refuelling infrastructure, as well as the latest market and policy updates on the RTFO and other low‑carbon‑fuel incentives. You can register for free at biogastradeshow.com. There’s certainly plenty to discuss, and with such huge potential for biomethane as a transport fuel both in the UK and around the world, this is an opportunity we cannot afford to miss. Case study: John Lewis Partnership’s biomethane trucks The John Lewis Partnership (JLP) currently operates 53 heavy trucks on biomethane, with nine more on order and plans to order a further 68 later this year. The vehicles fill up at a grid-connected filling station at Leyland in Lancashire, and the gas is certified as biomethane via the RTFO. The gas is created from food waste and food processing sources. The biomethane lorries emit 84 per cent less carbon dioxide than diesel equivalents, noise levels are halved, and driver reaction has been very positive. Although the lorries are more expensive to buy than diesel trucks, the fuel is cheaper, so in the long-term there is a net financial gain. JLP plans to replace the majority of its diesel heavy trucks with gas ones as they come up for replacement. Justin Laney, general manager of Central Transport at JLP, says: “There were several barriers to overcome before we had a viable alternative to a diesel truck. The last of these was achieving a 500-mile range using compressed gas. Now that’s been overcome, our gas trucks can do the same work as our standard diesel trucks. They have significant environmental and driver benefits and a sound business case.”

Case study: Nottingham’s biogas bus fleet Nottingham City Transport (NCT) operates the world’s largest fleet of biogas double‑deck buses as part of a £16.8m investment in greener transport for the city. The 53-strong fleet was funded through a £4.4m grant from the government’s Low Emission Bus Scheme, alongside a £12.4m investment by NCT. The fleet will emit over 3,500 tonnes less CO2, 35 tonnes less NOx and ¾ tonne less particulate matter every year, delivering significant improvements to air quality in Nottingham.

Mark Fowles, NCT managing director, says: “Our biogas double deck-buses are the greenest buses on the road, with significantly lower emissions throughout the entire ‘well to wheel’ process of fuel generation, transportation and use. With NCT now operating 53 of these super environmentally‑friendly buses, we’re delivering cleaner air for Nottingham with the largest fleet of biogas double‑deck buses in the world.” L FURTHER INFORMATION www.adbioresources.org




Adding air quality to the agenda The Freight Transport Association (FTA) has changed its Logistics Carbon Reduction Scheme to become the Logistics Emissions Reduction Scheme (LERS), to incorporate air quality performance as well as carbon reduction The Logistics Carbon Reduction Scheme was relaunched at this year’s Commercial Vehicle Show as the Logistics Emissions Reduction Scheme (LERS). The LERS scheme has set a new target of a five per cent reduction in emissions by 2020, and a 15 per cent reduction by 2025 compared to 2015 levels. It is hoped that by providing industry with a tool to record and report its progress in reducing emissions from freight operations, it will demonstrate to government that no further regulation is required. Last year the government announced the need for Clean Air Zones in multiple locations across the UK in its Air quality plan for nitrogen dioxide (NO2) in UK. HGVs account for 18 per cent of local road traffic NOx emissions, whilst vans account for 22 per cent. This issue of air quality is a new challenge for industry and it was agreed by members that the scheme had to evolve to tackle improving air quality as well as reducing carbon emissions. LERS will have its very own brand-new website, and will provide members with support and guidance on how to reduce emissions as well as providing fuel saving and efficiency figures so that members of the scheme can ensure their fleet is as fuel efficient as possible whilst reducing their emissions. Demonstrating dedication By signing up to the scheme, LERS members will be demonstrating their dedication to reducing national carbon emissions, as well as local NOx emissions. Through data reporting, the LERS aggregates fuel usage and business activity data from members to establish a carbon footprint for the scheme, as well as efforts to improve air quality. At such a challenging time for freight operators with regards to clean air, the performance of scheme members against emissions targets is a clear demonstration that changes are possible, and that emissions can be reduced, with use of the correct technology. FTA is proud to support LERS and urges operators to join the existing members to further demonstrate their commitment and desire to make industry greener. Membership is free and open to all companies with at least one commercial vehicle (HGV or van). Rebecca Kite said: “As the scheme continues to grow in membership and in strength, its members never fail to impress me with their increasing efforts and versatility in adopting new technologies. They are truly dedicated and committed to reducing their emissions and ensuring their fleet operations are as efficient as possible. “I am very excited to be involved in the relaunch of the new scheme and look forward to watching it develop. The changes to air quality policy from government will continue to challenge us, but I am confident that our members will continue to outperform industry as a whole and lead the way into a cleaner, greener future.” History of LCRS LERS’ predecessor, the LCRS, was first launched in December 2009 by 12 founding members, in response to the UK Climate Change Act and the Department for Transport’s Low Carbon Strategy 2009 to demonstrate that industry is capable and willing to reduce


Owned or used under license.

its emissions without regulation. Since the scheme’s launch, the total membership has grown to include over 130 companies, representing over 88,000 commercial vehicles. A voluntary industry initiative to record, report and reduce transport emissions, LCRS allowed the UK logistics sector to publicly report its contribution towards national carbon reduction targets and was endorsed by the Department for Transport’s Freight Carbon Review in 2017. LCRS members have continued to outperform the industry average, making significantly better progress in reducing their emissions. Between 2010 and 2105, members achieved an impressive seven per cent reduction in tailpipe greenhouse gas emissions. Their average emissions are close to 13 per cent lower per vehicle kilometre than the trend for the wider logistics industry. At the end of 2016, 40 per cent of members’ HGVs were already Euro VI, and they continue to lead the way in trialling alternatively-fuelled vehicles and technologies. In addition, they also incorporate multiple emission reducing mechanisms such as tyre management, driver training and telematics within their operations to further reduce their emissions. LCRS award winner The winners of the LCRS Leadership in Carbon Reduction Award 2018, sponsored by Bridgestone, demonstrated how it is possible to reduce the environmental impact of every aspect of a logistics operation, to positive effect. John Raymond Transport, based in Bridgend, South Wales, impressed the judges with its comprehensive range of measures designed to counteract the environmental effects of running a fleet in Wales and beyond. To keep a clear view of drivers and driving performance, all of John Raymond’s vehicles are fitted with full telemetry which reports all relevant metrics via a web-based dashboard and a series of different reports. In turn, this is linked to the tachograph analysis software, to give the company’s management the chance to monitor trucks and drivers, and make recommendations to change driving behaviours or improve vehicle efficiency. John Raymond Transport has also involved all its drivers in the push to reduce the company’s environmental impact: each driver is rated against metrics including MPG and idling time, and rewards are given for positive changes in behaviour. Telemetry is also used to generate a league table of driving performance, which generates bonus payments to drivers achieving high scores or improvements in behaviour. To help communicate the need for fuel efficiency, the company has appointed a fuel “champion”, who works closely with employees to handle the day to day administration of John Raymond’s telemetry and driver analytics systems. Improvements in driving styles are also rewarded by increased hourly rates of pay, together with a six-monthly performance, all closely linked to economies achieved through better fuel consumption. One of the key issues facing logistics companies is the cost of empty running. John Raymond Transport has circumvented this problem by using a state of the art transport management system, which tracks vehicles and links them to loads in real time to keep empty running to a minimum. All vehicles in the fleet are set with speed limiters, while tyre and vehicle renewal programmes ensure that the fuel efficiency of HGVs is always at the forefront of the fleet manager’s mind. Together with a comprehensive fleet renewal programme and consideration of alternative modes of transport, a positive culture of change and efficiency has been instilled across the entire John Raymond Transport operation. “To win the LCRS award this year, John Raymond impressed the judges with their willingness to change behaviours and engage with staff at every level across the business to improve fuel efficiencies,” says Becki Kite. “The amount of work involved to take top honours in the competition is not to be underestimated – John Raymond Transport’s efforts should stand as a great example of what can be achieved if the willingness to change and adapt to new environmental measures is adopted at every level of a logistics business. Congratulations to them on their win – they are great role models for the logistics industry.” L FURTHER INFORMATION www.fta.co.uk

Tough just got tougher. Tested with 2X the average load*. DURON™ next generation are the most durable heavy duty diesel engine oils we’ve ever made. ACEA E6, E7 and E9 ready - to protect your fleet, however much you’re hauling, however tough it gets. Because tough is just the way we like it.




*As tested in Canada in independent field trials by Petro-Canada Lubricants.



In the UK 76 per cent of all goods are moved by road. It is essential that road freight efficiency is a top priority to minimise cost and environmental impact. However, there are significant inefficiencies in how logistics companies operate their vehicles. Logistics is highly competitive and this drives extreme cost cutting within the industry. However, there is a complex relationship between capital costs and operational costs. Often fleets spend too little on their vehicles and suffer increased fuel bills and carbon emissions. This article explains how a high-tech data analysis company, that previously helped Team GB win more gold medals, is helping logistics companies make significant operational cost savings through smarter purchasing. The procurement dilemma The culture of the logistics industry favours reduced capital expenditure over reduced operational expenditure, since it is easier to achieve. Minimising operational costs such as fuel consumption often requires increased capital expense with the outcome only becoming clear after the procurement decision has been made. A clear example of this dilemma is the tyre industry. The more expensive premium brands offer tyres that can save fuel, but this can be to the detriment of wear rates, and therefore tyre costs. Conversely, manufacturers of cheaper tyres have gained market share as many fleets are favouring the lower upfront cost, perhaps to the detriment of fuel economy. Premium manufacturers now need to prove that their tyres will provide both reduced fuel costs and longevity. However, proving the performance of a tyre in the real world is highly complex. Wincanton, the largest British logistics company, is constantly dealing with this dilemma. Dave Rowlands, Wincanton’s Technical Services Director explains. “Due to the complexity of our transport operation it is very difficult to clinically model the impact of various purchasing decisions on our operating costs. Therefore, we make purchasing decisions based on the strongest evidence to hand, which in the absence of

any reliable empirical data can result in the lowest price, but not necessarily the best value. With the development of sophisticated big data analytics in our industry, we would like to begin using these methods to reduce our total costs through smarter purchasing.” Knowledge is power Dynamon has developed a specialist data analysis service to give logistics companies the knowledge to make procurement decisions that balance capital expenditure with operational expenditure. Dynamon analyses fleet’s existing telematics data to simulate alternative procurement decisions. This identifies the optimum vehicle configuration which minimises total cost and environmental impact. Dynamon was founded by Dr Angus Webb. “Fleets are not taking advantage of the valuable data they are collecting from their telematics. We are analysing this data and identifying significant cost saving opportunities.” Richard Farren, Dynamon’s Head of Software, explains the scale of the data analysis problem being addressed. “The quantity of data we are analysing is immense. We take a live feed from a fleet’s telematics data, and from that generate a further two million analysis data points daily per vehicle. This produces a set of ‘what-if’ scenarios that logistics companies can use to identify efficiencies and make procurement decisions.”

Written by Dr Angus Webb, CEO

In the slim margin world of logistics, the latest data analysis methods are crucial to understanding the true cost of operating a fleet and making procurement decisions that will keep a fleet both competitive and environmentally friendly

Advertisement Feature

Changing the way fleets buy and operate HGVs

Knowledge in action Dynamon’s service is currently being used by Wincanton. Dave Rowlands explains. “We have been working with Dynamon for the past twelve months. They have a direct feed from our telematics to run their data analytics. From this they have identified significant cost and CO2 reduction opportunities which we are now pursuing. The insight that Dynamon has produced is very impressive and demonstrates a wide range of opportunities to continuously improve, and drive down the cost of running, a multifaceted logistics operation.” Dynamon has been awarded two Innovate UK government funded projects to expand the number of procurement decisions it can analyse. Dr Chris Durrant, Dynamon’s Head of Analytics, explains the value of these projects. “In addition to analysing telematics data, we need accurate data on products that fleets buy and, in most cases, this does not exist. Where data is available, products are tested under ideal conditions and rarely deliver the same performance in reality. Tyres are a great example of this. Although all new tyres have a laboratory measured EU energy rating, tyres perform very differently in the real world and are affected by many factors that are not captured, including weather, wear, inflation pressure, and specific drive cycles. One of Dynamon’s greatest challenges has been developing a model which fully captures this complexity. With Dynamon’s data analysis service, for the first time, fleets can confidently make purchasing decisions with a clear understanding of the operational cost savings they will achieve.” L FURTHER INFORMATION www.dynamon.co.uk enquiries@dynamon.co.uk +44 (0) 2380 985410



Alternative Fuels: Shell GTL Written by Brian Worrall, director of corporate affairs, Certas Energy

Reducing haulage emissions for better air quality As the government turns to the transport sector to play a greater role in tackling the air quality crisis, how can fleet managers ensure their vehicles meet low emission requirements without being crippled by logistical and cost implications? Brian Worrall, from Certas Energy investigates Following the inquiry into the government’s approach air quality in the UK, a joint report published by four of Parliament’s Select Committees has called for a step change in the UK’s approach to lowering harmful airborne pollutants. The additional measures suggested in the ‘Improving Air Quality’ report, include bringing forward the date by which manufacturers must end the sale of conventional petrol and diesel vehicles, and the establishment of a new ‘clean air fund’ following a ‘polluter pays’ principle. Most significantly, the report calls for a new Clean Air Act to enshrine the right to clean air in UK law – placing public health and the environment at the forefront of all future air quality policy. According to the UK National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory, road transport is the largest single UK source of nitrogen oxide (NOx), accounting for almost one third of UK emissions. Whilst the industry has taken a number of steps to reduce pollutants – the Road Haulage Association predicts that NOx from lorries will have more than halved by the end of 2019 – more needs to be done to cut the harmful emissions that are contributing to poor air quality. The road to lowering emissions Road haulage is the lifeblood of the UK, delivering 98 per cent of food and consumer goods within our borders. The haulage industry is essential to keeping our country moving, but increasing regulations mean that road transport businesses are facing added pressure to reduce harmful levels of emissions produced by their fleets. The ‘Improving Air Quality’ report is the most recent development in the government’s plan to tackle air pollution in the UK following the introduction of the T-charge last year, which penalises vehicles that fail to meet Euro 4/IV standards £10 a day for driving in central London – in addition to the current £11.50 congestion charge. While the T-Charge aims to reduce congestion and improve air quality in the capital, for the haulage companies that transport vital goods and services to businesses and communities, the fee is an additional cost to an already margin sensitive industry. So as the government turns to the transport sector to play a greater role in tackling the air quality crisis, how can managers ensure their fleets meet low emission


requirements without being crippled by logistical and cost implications? A low-emission future Whilst we are all aware of the impact that heavy use of diesel has on the environment, the reality is that the haulage industry can’t just switch off its reliance on the fuel overnight, especially for businesses whose fleets and machinery rely on it to keep moving. The good news is that there are a number of alternative solutions readily available to haulage companies looking to improve air quality. Electrification is often regarded as the future of green and sustainable vehicles, with many commercial vehicle manufacturers announcing their intentions of going electric in the future. However, the current state of technology means that electrification of entire fleets is not yet a viable option for many – reduced range, weight of vehicle issues, cost and availability of infrastructure to charge electric vehicles, all present challenges to efficiency and cost‑effectiveness that make mass uptake in the technology in the immediate future unlikely. Diesel vehicles that meet the Euro 6/VI standard, introduced by the European Union to reduce harmful pollutants from vehicle exhausts, emit lower levels of NOx and PM than older vehicles. While trucks that meet the Euro 6/VI standard have lower levels of harmful emissions and would not be subject to the T-Charge, fully upgrading to a Euro 6/ VI compliant fleet comes with significant cost and infrastructure implications.

Certas Energy is the exclusive provider of Shell GTL Fuel in the UK, supporting customers in their efforts to reduce emissions with a readily available, cleaner burning alternative to diesel that can be used to help reduce local emissions of regulated pollutants including particulate matter, nitrogen oxide, and carbon monoxide and hydro carbons. As a drop-in solution that can be used as a direct replacement for diesel – no modifications to engines or equipment are required. Shell GTL Fuel is classified as non-toxic and readily biodegradable, with

We are all he ft aware odiesel on of impact ronment, but i the envulage industry the ha just switch can’t reliance off its it on

A cleaner fuel for cleaner air Alternative fuels are also powering the transition to lower emission mobility, with a mix of biofuels, hydrogen and LNG amongst others offering a solution for a cleaner transport industry. One example of a cleaner alternative to diesel is Shell GTL Fuel, a gas‑to‑liquid solution and member of the paraffinic family of fuels that has improved combustion properties inside standard diesel engines.


Brakes case study To help reduce harmful emissions and improve local air quality, Certas Energy (who has supplied fuel to Brakes for over eight years) has helped Brakes, the leading food wholesaler in the UK to switch all its DAF LF55.220 18T trucks operating in the London area from diesel to the cleaner burning Shell GTL Fuel. Steve Webster, head of indirect goods & services procurement at Brakes commented: “Air quality is a big issue in the UK and our industry has an important role to play in helping to reduce harmful emissions. With over 2,000 of our trucks on the road each day, we are always looking at ways to reduce emissions and operate more sustainably.” “Our drivers have commented that there has been no adverse effect on engine performance by switching fuel and we’ve had a lot of feedback that the engines seem to be quieter particularly when idle. This is a major advantage as many of our routes see us travel through residential areas. The fact that we’ve been able to make this change with no issues from an operations perspective with our vehicles is also a major plus. It’s great to know that we’re

having an immediate and positive impact on the reduction of NOx and PM emissions in London – helping our environment and the communities that live in it.” Brakes has experienced a number of additional benefits since beginning its trial of Shell GTL Fuel in September 2017, including a 0.4 per cent miles per gallon improvement across the fleet, which represents a saving of up to 40,000 litres a year. Where Brakes Euro 6 vehicles were previously required to carry out forced diesel particulate filter regeneration cycles approximately once a month, the vehicles running on Shell GTL Fuel have not required a single cycle since the switch from diesel. The fuel has also contributed to improved fuel island area safety, as Shell GTL Fuel is less slippery than regular diesel with a higher flash point. Brakes has branded all of its DAF trucks operating in the London area with the Shell GTL Fuel, Certas Energy and DAF logo with the tag line ‘Delivering on a cleaner-burning diesel for London’ to raise awareness of its commitment to lowering emissions. Following the successful use of Shell GTL in the DAF trucks, Brakes has also started using the fuel in 36 of its Mercedes trucks. It’s great to see a major national brand like Brakes Group adopt alternative fuels like Shell GTL Fuel, recognising that they are an important mix of the solutions needed to tackle the air quality crisis. Switching to a

cleaner burning alternative to diesel means Brakes is having an immediate impact on emission levels in London. With the recent introduction of the T-charge in London and impending roll out of Ultra Low Emission Zones in cities across the UK Shell GTL Fuel offers an easy to implement, instantly effective measure to help reduce harmful emissions without impacting productivity. A major role to play Companies involved in transport and haulage have an important role to play in helping to reduce harmful emissions for the benefit of the environment, their workforce and our local communities. Upgrading to low‑emission fleets can often present logistical challenges and cost implications. While alternative fuels may cost slightly more than conventional diesel, as uptake increases and supply networks are extended across the country, the price will inevitably come down. We’re committed to supporting the haulage industry work towards a cleaner, greener future without compromising performance or profitability and strongly believe that alternative fuels, such as Shell GTL Fuel, have an important place in the mix of solutions that will help to improve air quality in the UK. L

Alternative Fuels: Shell GTL

additional benefits when compared to conventional diesel including being harmless if inhaled, has a low risk of irritation in the event of skin or eye contact and, if spilled, will disperse naturally within weeks.

FURTHER INFORMATION www.certasenergy.co.uk



First Drive


Iveco Daily Blue Power range

Written by Richard Gooding

Although the alternatively-fuelled commercial vehicle market is in its infancy, Richard Gooding drives Iveco’s range of LCVs which offer a variety of cleaner powertrains While the car market is already offering a wide range of low, ultra-low and zero‑emission options, the commercial vehicle sector is playing catch-up. Of course, purely due to the size and cost of commercial vehicles, this was obviously always going to be the case, but greener alternatives are out there, and as GreenFleet reported last year (issue 101), Iveco has been one of the first manufacturers to cater for the growing demand for cleaner commercials. The light commercial vehicle (LCV) market is well-placed to take up the cleaner commercial mantle, and it’s here Iveco has the most to offer. Although the company has much to offer the heavy goods operator with its gas-powered Stralis NP and fuel-efficient Stralis XP, it’s the Daily range of light commercials which offer the widest range of powertrains. Now under the all-encompassing ‘Blue Power’ banner, the Daily family features natural gas, electric and new Euro 6 RDE Ready diesel members, and there are over 7,000 configurations to choose from. Aimed at transport-focused professional SME organisations – and ideal, says Iveco, for the chilled / heavy distribution and construction industries – we exercised the International Van of the Year 2018 range on local roads surrounding the Goodwood Estate, where Iveco parent company CNH Industrial is official supplier. Daily Blue Power Hi-Matic Euro 6 RDE Ready The Daily Euro 6 RDE Ready range is powered by a 2,287cc turbocharged diesel

engine, developing 136bhp or 156bhp. Fitted with Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) technology, the unit is a ‘one step ahead’ engine, compliant with the forthcoming Real Driving Emissions (RDE) testing procedure which comes into force in 2020. Iveco states that the new ‘F1A’ engine achieves its low emission levels by way of a High Pressure EGR system which takes exhaust gases away before they reach the turbine inlet, and flows them through the high pressure EGR cooler. Then recirculated in the intake manifold and combined with SCR, the main pollutant elements are broken down, producing cleaner emissions.

Daily-by-Daily: 30 years of Iveco Daily landmarks 1978: first-generation Daily – first commercial with independent wheel front suspension 1984: first Daily 4x4 1985: first Daily turbodiesel – first LCV with direct injection turbo engine 1996: first-generation facelift 1998: first Daily CNG 1999: second-generation Daily 2000: International Van of the Year 2004: first automated gearbox 2006: ESP as standard, first LCV to offer Euro 4 engines

The Daily Blue Power Euro 6 RDE Ready is the first light commercial to have been tested to the Real Driving Emissions (RDE) which is an on-road procedure: the current New European Drive Cycle (NEDC) and new Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP) are both in-lab tests. Iveco states that the new Daily Euro 6 RDE Ready – which is only available in 3.5-tonne versions – offers a seven per cent fuel consumption saving in real world driving scenarios, and the independent Netherlands Organisation (TNO) tested and verified that the regulation’s conformity factor

2009: first Daily Electric 2010: 2m Dailies sold 2011: International Van of the Year 2012: Daily Euro 5 – EEV engines, new gearboxes, Start and Stop 2014: third-generation Daily 2015: International Van of the Year, new Daily Hi-Matic with only eight‑speed auto gearbox in its class 2016: Daily Euro 6 and Daily Electric 2018: Daily Euro 6 RDE Ready



Daily Blue Power Natural Power Another of Iveco’s sustainable standard‑bearers is the Daily Natural Power range. Powered by either compressed natural gas (CNG) or compressed bio-methane (CBM) and offered in gross vehicle weights from 3.5 tonnes to 7.2 tonnes, the Daily Natural Power family is the only dedicated natural gas-powered range of light commercials on the UK market. Designed to run on petrol for up to 50 miles in ‘recovery’ scenarios, the Daily Natural Power is said to offer the same performance as an equivalent diesel-powered LCV, and the Luton chassis cab Daily we tested certainly seemed on a par with the Euro 6 RDE Ready version. The 3.0-litre engine produces up to 136bhp, with the same 258lb ft / 350Nm of torque as the lower-powered Euro 6 RDE Ready model, and a range of 155 to 280 miles is promised between fill-ups. The Daily Natural Power shares the same customisation options and wide range of wheelbase lengths and roof heights, as well as the choice of chassis cab, double cab, van and half-panel van versions. Most noticeable on the move are the reduced noise levels, and the Natural Power variant enjoys the same well-weighted controls as other Dailies. The only criticism we have of

the general Daily cabin is that of quality: its commercial manufacturer origins are very evident with hard and workman-like plastics. Undoubtedly of more appeal to GreenFleet readers are promised fuel savings of around 2.5 per cent when specified with the Hi-Matic gearbox – a first on an alternatively-fuelled van – and up to 95 per cent fewer CO2 emissions when powered by bio-methane. The CNG version offers a cut in particulate matter of around 12 per cent, while NOx emissions are down five per cent, with CO2 emissions down three per cent. The CNG tanks are mounted underneath the ladder frame chassis, with two fitted as standard, and another pair optional, for a total range of 280 miles.

and is removable, and informs the driver of battery charge levels, state, and temperature as well as other useful information. Because batteries, electric motors and their associated ancillaries aren’t the lightest of components, payload is increased by 100kg on the Daily Electric. Currently, the Daily range can be driven with a Class B driving licence (up to 3.5-tonnes gross vehicle weight), but Iveco is campaigning for the limit to be changed to 4.25 tonnes, as has been signalled by the Government with the release of a consultation document in July 2017. This uplift would only apply to CNG and electrically-powered vehicles and would be welcomed, as an additional 350 to 400kgs of payload would be added to compensate for the extra weight incurred by the necessary low and zero-emission technology. Prices for the Iveco Daily Electric range from approximately £60,000 for the single battery, 45-mile configuration; £80,000 upwards for the twin-battery, 90-mile version; while the three-battery variant is expected to top £100,000. Iveco states that most operators would choose the twin-battery version. The Government’s Plug-in Van Grant (PiVG) covers 20 per cent of the purchase price – up to £20,000 – of an electric light commercial, providing it can travel a minimum of 60 miles, on the first 200 vehicles acquired. Iveco states that the Daily Electric also has a potential 6-year payback for most operations and is cost neutral after this period.

First Drive

(the comparison between in-lab test and on-road results) figure of 1.2, comfortably exceeding the benchmark value of 2.1 three years ahead of the statutory deadline. All Iveco Dailies are based on a truck-like ladder frame chassis and rear-wheel drive. Out on the road, this translates to a comfortable ride, and secure handling thanks to Iveco’s Quad Leaf front suspension system, which also gives good grip. It might be noisier than the Natural-Powered Daily, but does without that version’s jerky take-off. An ‘Eco’ mode on the eight-speed Hi-Matic automatic gearbox holds onto gears longer to aid fuel consumption, with a noticeable kick down to provide engine braking when decelerating. The 258lb ft / 350Nm of torque is delivered smoothly, and the newest diesel-powered Daily is spritely enough on the move. Available in three wheelbase lengths – 3,000, 3,520 and 4,000mm – three heights – 1,545, 1,900 and 2,100mm – and either van or chassis cab configurations, the Daily Blue Power Euro 6 RDE Ready offers cargo capacities from 7.3 to 18m3. The RDE Ready model will be sold alongside the existing Daily Euro 6 Diesel model until that version is rendered obsolete by testing regulations, at which point the newer variant will be the only diesel Daily on sale.

Daily Blue Power Electric The all-electric, zero-emission version of the current Daily debuted at the 2016 Commercial Vehicle Show, and, just like the Natural Power version, its subdued noise levels makes it ideally suited to urban missions in the proposed new Low and Ultra-Low Emission ‘Sustainability is the heart of Zones. Fleets can choose from three battery everything Blue Power’ configurations – single, double and Iveco promises that ‘Sustainability is triple – which give ranges from the heart of everything Daily Blue 45 to 130 miles, and four Power’, and on our first drives Iveco’s bodystyles: van, chassis of the cleaner diesel and sustain a cab, chassis cowl and alternatively-fuelled light b l e l i g ht com minibus. Wheelbase commercials, we don’t mercial range i and roof heights doubt the company’s s w are identical to the promise and ambitions. to bene ell‑placed Euro 6 RDE Ready Over 15,000 Natural fi t f r o fleets lo m versions, with gross Power light commercials cost sav oking for vehicle weights of are already in service, ing between 3.5 to 5.0 and the company has as incre s as well tonnes, while the secured Daily Electric fleet a s electric motors are rated orders from the Austrian efficien ed cy at 60kW and 80kW. postal service, Metro in Italy, With torque of 147lb ft / Ruter in Norway, and FCC in 200Nm available from just Spain. While the alternatively‑fuelled 2,620rpm, the Daily Electric will easily light commercial market is still very much cope with urban driving conditions, and one in its infancy, Iveco’s sustainable battery performance is optimised for all van range is well-placed to benefit from weather and climate conditions. Three fleets looking for cost savings, as well as levels of regenerative braking allow for increased efficiency and productivity. L on-the-move battery recharging – with an ‘Eco’ mode for further regeneration – and Iveco claims that charging to 80 per cent from empty will take around two hours. A ‘Power’ mode boosts responsiveness for hills and delivers the full amount of torque, aided by the super capacitor. The energy management has also been improved since the Daily Electric was launched. On the road, the Daily Electric chassis cab is fun to drive in the same way electric cars are, and just like the new Nissan Leaf, you FURTHER INFORMATION can, in effect, drive it on just one pedal. A removable tablet display sits in the dashboard www.iveco.com



Have you presented your plans to go green yet? If, like many fleet managers, you’re under growing pressure to present a strategy for lowering your vehicle emissions, expert help is at hand. Grosvenor Leasing’s 0Zone service offers advice and guidance to companies with cars and light commercial vehicles that are looking at ultra low emission and electric vehicles. Our 0Zone service includes: Support in reaching mely decisions about when your green strategy should begin Budgeeng advice, forecasts and help with the financial implicaaons of choosing EVs and ULEVs The development of a low emission vehicle policy Advice on the steps required to move smoothly towards Electric Vehicles (EVs) and Ultra Low Emission Vehicles (ULEVs) Assistance with plug-in and hybrid demonstraaon vehicles (subject to availability) Help with the cultural cultu change involved in encouraging drivers into a new era of company vehicle Grey fleet reviews Green fleet reviews

For more informaaon, or an informal chat, why not call Mark Gallagher, Grosvenor Leasing’s green fleet specialist on 01536 536 536 Grosvenor Contracts Leasing Ltd, Balmoral House, Keeering Venture Park, Keeering NN15 6XU

Brought to you by

In association with

LEASING & RENTAL FOCUS How the leasing industry can help drive uptake of greener vehicles and provide assurance in uncertain times 44 Interview: BVRLA’s Gerry Keaney How can the leasing and rental industry help drive forward the government’s carbon reduction and air quality agenda? And what should the government be doing to speed up the uptake of zero and ultra-low emission vehicles? The BVRLA’s CEO Gerry Keaney gives his views

46 Tackling fleet industry challenges There is a plethora of major issues that must be tackled by fleet decision‑makers to ensure company car and commercial vehicle operations remain cost-effective and operationally efficient, writes ICFM director Peter Eldridge

52 Panel of Experts: Leasing & Rental Has there ever been a more persuasive argument for leasing or long‑term rental than now, given the economic uncertainty and the question mark over the future of diesel? We ask our leasing experts Mark Gallagher, Rob Mills and Chris Chandler for their views

Leasing & Rental news

In association with


Expansion plans for the BVRLA announced The BVRLA unveiled its expansion plans, which involves recruiting new staff to increase the capacity of its compliance, communications and policy teams. The association has also brought in expertise from external public affairs specialists to support its campaigning work. A new website has been commissioned and is on schedule to launch later this year. This busy start to the year marks the start of the association’s recently published Three-Year Plan, which outlines the BVRLA’s intentions to achieve stronger industry representation, be a louder voice of influence, collate deeper industry insight, have a wider service offering and bring greater value to members. BVRLA chief executive, Gerry Keaney

Arnold Clark, who takes up the role of Chair of the BVRLA Rental Committee. Margaret replaces Brian Swallow from Enterprise, who steps down after his two-year term. The BVRLA has also been paying tribute to one of its founding fathers, the late BVRLA Honorary Life President Freddie Aldous, who passed away in December 2017. The association will be naming its conference room the Freddie Aldous Room and they will be introducing the Freddie Aldous Lifetime Achievement Award to be presented annually at the association’s industry Dinner. READ MORE tinyurl.com/y9wx4gv7



Europcar relaunches as Europcar Mobility Group

Ogilvie Fleet reports 30 per cent rise in short‑term hire bookings

Europcar has re-branded as Europcar Mobility Group to reflect the diversity of its offering. Since 2014, Europcar says it has transformed its activities beyond the historical car rental business by becoming a global provider of mobility solutions, offering car rental, van and truck rental, chauffeur services, car sharing and peer-to-peer car-sharing. The Group’s recent growth strategy has included a number of acquisitions, including Ubeeqo, a European start-up specialised in car-sharing, and Brunel, a provider of chauffeur services. More recently, the Group also bought Scooty, a scooter-sharing start-up. The Group also took minority investments in Snappcar, the second largest international peer-to-peer car-sharing player in Europe, and Wanderio,


said: “We have invested heavily to give the association what is required to meet the needs of an increasingly diverse membership. Our members are operating in a dynamic sector and their core business activities are expanding to meet customers’ increasingly complex needs. We too are expanding and are looking at introducing new member categories, which will further increase the diversity of our membership.” Nina Bell has been made the new vice‑chair on the Committee of Management, replacing Simon Oliphant. Nina will support BVRLA chairman Matt Dyer for one year, then take up the role as BVRLA Chair for two years before reverting back to vice-chair.    Joining Nina on the Committee of Management will be Margaret Speirs from

a multimodal search and comparison platform. The Group also continues to strengthen its original vehicle rental expertise; in 2017, it acquired low-cost rental company Goldcar and Buchbinder, one of the major vehicle rental leaders in Germany. “We needed a name that brought to life the transformation of the Group for our future developments, using the strength of our historical business and our number one position in vehicle rental. The name Europcar Mobility Group capitalises on the Europcar brand, whilst also providing the mobility context for future acquisitions,” said Caroline Parot, the company’s CEO. READ MORE tinyurl.com/ycczrrle


Independent contract hire and fleet management firm Ogilvie Fleet has reported a 30 per cent year-on-year increase in short‑term hire bookings. Jim Hannah, operations director, explained that a variety of factors were behind the success, including a very direct business strategy and 1link Hire Network technology provided by epyx. “We have developed a dedicated, focused hire team that keeps things simple and focused. As well as supporting our clients when they need us, we take a proactive approach to seeking out opportunity within our client base and elsewhere. “The 1link Hire Network e-commerce platform has also played a key part in our expansion, allowing us to manage our large supplier base through one solution. This gives us the freedom to choose the supplier that best fits each rental requirement on the day. “Being able to use a single platform in this manner is important to us. It provides us with flexibility in the marketplace in terms of our supplier management, but

also allows us to support our customers with their booking requirements by offering the facility of the direct booking platform provided by epyx.” The Ogilvie rental proposition is to offer blanket national coverage by utilising the combined rental fleets of all the major UK suppliers, while giving customers a choice ranging from small city cars to 3.5 tonne light commercial vehicles of different kinds. Jim said: “A key part of our rental management service is recognising that hires happen for a wide variety of reasons, from onward travel at airports and as an alternative to grey fleet to medium-term flexi‑leases for longer term needs. “What we aim to do is not just accept a simple booking but to find out about each customer’s real world requirements and help them to identify the best solution, whether they are an SME, a large corporate or public sector organisations.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/y6uhsgek

Supported by

Leasing & Rental news



Arval produces guide on operating electric vans Arval has launched a guide on the day-to-day management of electric vans. Delivering the Future: A Guide to Operating Electric Vans is designed to provide expert guidance for organisations that are considering adding electric commercial vehicles (ECVs) to their fleets. Simon Cook, LCV Leader at Arval, said: “Fleets are starting to really think hard about introducing and operating these vehicles.

Our thinking, in putting this new guide together, was that there is a gap in the information being provided to fleets when it comes to their everyday operation. Cook continued: “Delivering the Future’ is designed to quickly familiarise fleet operators with the main practicalities when it comes to operating ECVs.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/ybsbw23c


Avis Budget Group’s Nina Bell becomes first female vice-chair of BVRLA Nina Bell, managing director of Avis Budget Group for the United Kingdom (UK) and Scandinavia, and Zipcar UK, has been appointed as the first female Vice-Chair of the British Vehicle Rental and Leasing Association (BVRLA). Her post will see her occupying the position for a year, before progressing to Chair in 2019. Introducing Nina as the new Vice Chair, BVRLA Chairman Matt Dyer said: “Nina has made a significant contribution to the sector in her role as managing director of Avis Budget UK and she has made a valued contribution on the BVRLA board since 2015. We are delighted to announce her as our first ever female Vice-Chair.”

Nina Bell commented: “I am delighted to have the opportunity to play a more active role within the BVRLA and give back to the industry I have worked in for over 20 years. I am especially proud to be the first female Vice-Chair. We are seeing an increasing number of women across the industry, and I believe that my appointment underlines the Association’s commitment to ensure representation of our very broad and diverse member base.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/y8sm3krn


Alphabet expands into Irish market Alphabet International will now be operating in Ireland through a cooperation agreement with Denis Mahony (Contract Rentals) T/A Avis Fleet Solutions. Local small and medium businesses as well as international corporations with offices in Ireland can now benefit from Alphabet’s portfolio of operational leasing and financial leasing products. Companies in Ireland can now use Alphabet’s complete range of Business Mobility solutions, including personal leasing, short‑term car hire, full operational leasing, and sales and leaseback as a

Supported by

Mark Gallagher

financed product. Depending on their transport needs, businesses can also access Alphabet’s range of add-on mobility products and services, including fuel cards, replacement vehicles, roadside assistance and legal insurance. Alphabet will cooperate with Avis Fleet Solutions to seamlessly roll out its offering in the local market. Both companies confirm that Ireland has a lot of potential for their businesses.

The changes that will impact fleet operations: dates to make note of Companies with vehicle fleets should make note of some important dates that could have an impact on their business. A number of key changes, some already made, are likely to have a dramatic impact on organisations in both public and private sectors, depending on the types of vehicles operated, and where they are being driven. 1 April 2018: VED Increase – This is affecting all cars, however diesel is being hit the hardest. They go up by at least one VED band for the first year. Plug-in hybrids are not exempt from the rise. 6 April 2018: BIK Increase – The diesel supplement increases from three to four per cent, unless vehicles are RDE2 compliant, however no RDE2 vehicles are available yet. 1 September 2018: WLTP – The ‘Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure’ (WLTP) becomes mandatory for all manufacturers from 1 September 18. This will be declared as a supplemental figure alongside current NEDC (New European Drive Cycle) CO2 ratings. April 2019: London ULEZ – The current Congestion Charge Zone will also become the Ultra Low Emission Zone, which means cars and light commercial vehicles less than EU6 diesel or EU4 petrol will pay a £10 T-Charge (toxic-charge) on top of the normal congestion charge. This will be operational 24/7, 365 days a year. April 2020: Revised CO2 Thresholds – the HMRC is to take a view on the WLTP testing and decide whether to adjust the CO2 BIK Bands to reflect the higher figures being seen. The EU directive is that they cannot be punitive to drivers, so expect the rates to reduce in line with the WLTP vs NEDC figures. 1 January 2021: RDE2 Mandatory – The Real Driving Emissions test stage 2 (RDE2) becomes a mandatory with WLTP, therefore all new diesel cars after 1/1/21 would go back to three per cent supplement for BIK. Through Grosvenor Leasing’s 0Zone service, we’re guiding fleets through the changes and how to plan ahead. We’d be delighted to speak to anyone needing advice on 01536 536 536.

Mark Gallagher is Grosvenor Leasing’s green fleet specialist offering guidance and support as part of the company’s innovative 0Zone solution. FURTHER INFORMATION

READ MORE tinyurl.com/create.php




Leasing & Rental

In association with

Leasing and the green agenda How can the leasing and rental industry help drive forward the government’s carbon reduction and air quality agenda? And what should the government be doing to speed up the uptake of zero and ultra-low emission vehicles? GreenFleet chats to BVRLA’s CEO Gerry Keaney to get his views What are the benefits of leasing over outright purchasing for zero and ultra-low emission vehicles? Many of the long-standing benefits associated with vehicle leasing are particularly attractive when it comes to fleets and people looking to adopt zero or ultra-low emission vehicles. These vehicles are expensive and leasing companies can pass on the purchasing discounts they get from buying so many of them. Leasing enables you to fix the cost of your vehicle acquisition over a set period, meaning that you don’t have to stump up a lot of money up-front. This can be particularly attractive for businesses that would like to use that working capital elsewhere. With the most popular form of leasing, contract hire, you never actually own the vehicle. This means that you are immune from any risk associated with that vehicle’s residual value. Should a vehicle’s residual value fall sharply, perhaps due to the introduction of a new range of much more efficient electric vehicles, the leasing company will have to absorb this cost. One of the most attractive elements of leasing vehicles, particularly those that are using new technology, is the ability to get advice and package up a range of other services within an additional fleet management fee. This means that you can fix your maintenance costs and benefit from lots of leasing company advice on what type of ultra‑low emission vehicle you should choose and how you should use it.

How can the industry help with the air quality agenda? BVRLA members own and operate nearly five million cars, vans and trucks. These are some of the youngest and cleanest vehicles on the road. They will play a vital role in tackling the air quality issues faced in the UK by providing a range of finance and rental options for companies that need to upgrade their fleets to meet Clean Air Zone or Ultra Low Emission Zone standards. They will also help

With t contrac ever un hire, yo own the actuallyThis means vehicle. are immune u that yo m any risk fro ted associa it with

drive behaviour change in our towns and cities, helping businesses and individuals to reduce non-essential car use and ownership by relying more on pay-as‑you-go vehicle rental and car club services and using more public transport. The rental and leasing industry will drive the uptake of ultra-low emission cars, vans and trucks, helping UK businesses and individuals to choose and finance these vehicles

Supported by

and then recycling them into the used market for the next generation of customers. Finally, we are also working with government to help it develop a roadmap for zero-emission motoring that takes a co‑ordinated approach to tax incentives and infrastructure. What should the government do to incentivise the uptake of greener vehicles? The Company Car Tax (CCT) regime is one of the government’s most powerful tools in influencing the behaviour of businesses and individuals. A fair, consistent and well-signalled system can play a vital role in helping the government to meet its policy goals. We believe that the Treasury has a tremendous opportunity to accelerate this process and accentuate the results with a simple realignment of the CCT regime. Over the last two decades, the vehicle rental and leasing industry has embraced the introduction of emissions-based motoring taxes and used the incentives they provide to deliver a sustained and substantial reduction in average CO2 emissions. Using the CCT regime, BVRLA members have worked with their customers to reduce their carbon footprints, embrace alternative fuel types and explore other more sustainable modes of transport. This progress is now at risk. Average CO2 emissions are rising and employers are taking less responsibility for the vehicles and modes of transport that their staff are using. The BVRLA would like to work with the government in delivering a more effective company car tax regime that supports its policy objectives, protects revenues and provides a fair, consistent and well-signposted direction for taxpayers.

The Company Car Tax (CCT) regime is one of the government’s most powerful tools in influencing the behaviour of businesses and individuals. A fair and consistent system can play a vital role in helping the government to meet its policy goals The government should bring forward the scheduled introduction of a new, reduced two per cent Company Car Tax (CCT) rate for electric vehicles to incentivise the right purchasing choices. The CCT rate for these vehicles is currently set to increase for the next two years, up to a rate of 16 per cent in 2019/20 before falling to two per cent in 2020/21. There are indications this cliff-edge is acting as an active deterrent to potential buyers, who are putting off the adoption of an electric car.

What are the main fleet concerns for 2018? At Grosvenor Leasing, we’re proud of the 98 per cent satisfaction rating in our latest customer satisfaction index (CSI) survey, with the majority of our clients ranking us as either ‘good’ or ‘excellent’ as a business. The annual CSI is an important exercise for us, mainly because it also enables us to gauge opinion on key issues affecting companies with vehicle fleets. This year we asked what were the main things concerning our customers. Forthcoming changes to taxation, emissions testing and how that would affect them were rated as the biggest worries, with most companies agonising over what bearing this will have and what they should be doing. The potential impact of rising interest rates was second on people’s minds as we all watch the Bank of England, and the broader economy in the run up to Brexit, to see when rates will start to climb – which they inevitably will. GDPR was next on the list, then the broader green agenda followed by health and safety matters. It clearly shows that the debacle over how WLTP is being rolled out by the government is the main worry for businesses with fleets. The changes to emissions testing should have been such a positive move, but right now the transition is causing problems. To make matters worse, some manufacturers seem to be making pricing and specification changes at this sensitive time causing an increase in the on the road price, a rise in CO2 (in anticipation of WLTP), and a reduction in discounts. It means, in some cases, drivers will pay higher benefit in kind than they’d calculated when ordering the car. In one extreme example of an executive car, the figures have changed dramatically; the driver being hit with almost £80 of additional tax per month than originally expected. The advice we are giving our clients is to keep talking to us, as it’s a situation changing constantly and one that we are monitoring very carefully. Even if you aren’t a Grosvenor Leasing customer, we’re always happy to give advice and we’d be pleased to hear from you if you have questions that our experts can help answer.

Leasing & Rental


Mary Dopson is Grosvenor Leasing’s customer services director with over 25 years fleet sector expertise. FURTHER INFORMATION www.grosvenor-leasing.co.uk Mary Dopson

What are the other alternatives to outright purchasing that are gaining momentum? Car clubs provide convenient and affordable access to vehicles on a 24/7 basis, and can provide a great alternative to car ownership for many city dwellers. Cars can be booked online or by phone, weeks ahead or with just a few minutes’ notice, for anything from a few minutes to a weekend. Many organisations are now embracing corporate car clubs as a way of providing similar benefits to their employees, reducing the need for inefficient and poorly‑managed pool cars or grey fleet. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.bvrla.co.uk

Supported by



Leasing & Rental Written by Peter Eldridge, ICFM director

In association with

Keeping cost‑effective and efficient There is no single challenge, but a plethora of major issues that must be tackled by fleet decision‑makers to ensure company car and commercial vehicle operations remain cost-effective and operationally efficient, writes ICFM director Peter Eldridge Fleet operators are not averse to change, but they will not expose themselves or their businesses to risks. In recent years fleets have broadly continued to ‘do what they have always done’ because there has been no ‘big bang’, but that changes in 2018 and into 2019. There is no single challenge, but a plethora of major issues that must be tackled by fleet decision-makers to ensure company car and commercial vehicle operations remain cost-effective and operationally efficient. Tax changes Vehicle and company car benefit-in-kind tax changes mean fleets must review whether diesel remains a fleet favourite, or whether petrol, hybrid and plug-in options have a home with a more ‘balanced’ approach to powertrain choice.


well as Clean Air Zones. Getting to grips with Simultaneously, the impact on company the April 2019 introduction of the London car choice lists and vehicle-related taxation Ultra-Low Emission Zone is also a of the Worldwide harmonised Light priority, while the city’s Mayor vehicles Test Procedure must be A Sadiq Khan is also promising tackled as more information a r Zero Emission Zones could becomes available. o h plet ssues be introduced in some Today’s Euro 6 emission i or j a y parts of the capital as cars produce more m b f o ckled ers soon as 2020 in a bid to a power and torque t e b accelerate the roll-out with lower CO2 rates must cision‑mak y e n d of electric vehicles. when compared a t p e e m fl o c e r with traditional u s to en r and CV Data petrol‑based engines. n i ca a overload But the government’s m e sr ‘Big data’ and all that it ill-informed “all diesels erationfective p o f entails can be added to the are dirty” obsession will e ‑ cost above challenges. This includes filter down through to local the connected car, the internet authorities. That could mean an of things, cyber security concerns avalanche of local diesel surcharge and the recent (25 May 2018) introduction parking schemes to boost council coffers, as


Supported by

of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which notably impacts on the sharing and using of personal vehicle user data. What’s more, fleets must be aware that on 1 January 2019, new international lease accounting standards will be introduced, which require leased assets to be reported on company balance sheets. The above list is far from exhaustive and I’ve not even touched on Brexit and the impact that no trade deal could have on fleet operations, notably in respect of potential new vehicle delivery and spare parts order delays due to border customs changes and price increases. Encouragement to go green From a ‘green’ perspective fleet decision-makers require encouragement to introduce plug-in vehicles with powerful financial arguments essential to drive environmental policy changes. However, for UK fleets electric vehicles remain a conundrum. What’s more, plug-in hybrid cars are, for a significant number of fleet managers, the proverbial duck out of water, operating predominantly outside of their economic efficiency zone with the typical view being that higher operating costs – and specifically fuel bills – would be the result when compared with equivalent diesel models. The corporate sector is responsible for buying the majority of new cars in the UK – a 55.8 per cent market share last year according to the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders. But for fleet managers to drive along the plug-in vehicle road in significant volume, they must feel confident about electric vehicle technology and vehicle recharging as well as plug-in vehicle residual values and operating costs. They must also resist company car benefit-in-kind tax ‘loophole’ vehicle choices – specifically plug-in hybrids – that were not fit‑for‑purpose and not be drawn into poor fleet vehicle decision‑making due to fuel type ‘demonisation’ of diesel in recent months. Plug-in vehicles must be attractive to mainstream fleet operations in terms of technology and cost and currently there remains too many unknowns across a sector that remains embryonic in terms of sales. ICFM members want to see clear government strategy that they can ‘hang their hat on’. It is key for fleet managers to meet operational requirements. But fleet professionals need to have the right tools for the job and need to look to the future and be able to react and set policies. Moving forward there is no definitive right fleet fuel, but vehicle operations will feature a mix based on fitness-for-purpose. To move away from the traditional internal combustion engine, fleet decision-makers require encouragement to introduce plug-in vehicles with powerful financial arguments essential to drive environmental policy changes. Shifting business model Meanwhile, the worlds of fleet management and travel management are colliding at a rapid rate, driven by technology and ‘big data’ that will underpin BMaaS and the move to a total cost of mobility concept – understanding the full cost of employees travelling from A to B and not just the vehicle cost. Telematics is becoming far more key and there is greater reliance on a communications platform. The business model is shifting to car services because of ‘big data’. The industry is moving from being asset – the vehicle – driven to be focused on employees and their movements. Massive momentum is being built so fleet managers need to think about their operational model. Companies could look to set a mobility budget for each employee that will influence the mode of transport they take – company car, car club, car share, car hire, public transport or whatever – based on a range of factors including fitness-for-purpose, cost, convenience and safety. Employees will be able to access travel options via their own portal, make bookings and keep a track of their budget. The journey to mobility on demand is occurring very quickly. There will be ‘big bangs’ aplenty over the next 12 months, which will, ICFM believes, be a watershed period in the history of fleet. L

WLTP and its impact on fleet operations

Leasing & Rental


The move towards WLTP is now in full flow and manufacturers are all frantically trying to get their house in order ahead of the switch on 1 September. This is causing unprecedented turbulence within the fleet industry as some manufacturers are increasing their prices, upping their CO2 ratings and declining orders. The consequence being increased costs to companies with vehicle fleets, increased BIK tax for some drivers and, for other drivers, the disappointment of a declined order.   To put the scale of the problem in perspective, there are somewhere in the region of 11,000 different cars available to order at the moment. Drivers and companies need accurate data to make a decision and the leasing sector is reliant on receiving that data for its quotation and ordering systems. The situation is made worse because some new models being introduced have significantly higher CO2, so any old model stock is disappearing quickly. Normally, when a model is discontinued, the replacement/new model is released before the stock of the old model is utilised. However at the moment, we are seeing old model availability diminish completely, even before the release of the replacement model for ordering. The situation is complicated further because, in some instances, there is not a discontinued model with a new replacement model. It is simply an increase in CO2 (and sometimes price) to an existing model and this makes it almost impossible to administer – especially when we have seen CO2 increases of 30 per cent (or £30 per month in Class 1a NIC). It is also worth noting that manufacturers are also reducing their published MPGs in line with the increases in CO2 ratings, albeit not necessarily at the same time.   Grosvenor Leasing is recommending companies with fleets not to make any radical changes just yet. But you should be warned that drivers who are no longer able to order the vehicle they were hoping for may face disappointment and time-wasted. We are preparing new whole life cost lists over the coming weeks that will identify any significant movements applicable to the vehicles on our clients’ policies and, in the meantime, we are reviewing each order on an ‘order by order basis’.

James Parnell is Grosvenor Leasing’s head of purchasing with over 10 years fleet sector expertise. FURTHER INFORMATION www.grosvenor-leasing.co.uk James Parnell


Supported by



Advertisement Feature

Grosvenor Leasing’s 0Zone service helps fleets reduce emissions Transport accounts for 40 per cent of total energy consumption in the UK, making companies operating vehicles fleets a prime target by the Government under the green agenda It’s not a case of ‘if’ companies decide to go green with their fleet, its ‘when’, and with financial incentives acting as the carrot to shift businesses towards ultra‑low emission and electric vehicles, and increasingly harsh penalties being the stick, companies that don’t act soon will find their fleet becomes far more expensive to run. That’s why Grosvenor Leasing is helping companies in both public and private sectors achieve increased efficiency and savings through its 0Zone service, headed up by green fleet specialist, Mark Gallagher. “Our 0Zone service is designed to guide companies through a process of becoming greener,” explains Mark. “Through 0Zone, we can provide an assessment of a fleet’s environmental impact and define a clear pathway to convert the fleet, over time, towards ultra low emission and electric vehicles. “It’s not just a case of choosing which low emission vehicles are going to sit on the company car choice lists, there are financial, operational and human resource considerations to take into account, all of which will affect companies in different ways – which is why we offer a tailored plan rather than a ‘one solution fits all’ approach. “As well as providing fleet consultancy, green fleet reviews, ultra low emission vehicle reviews and grey fleet reviews, we also assist with budgeting advice, forecasts and the financial implications of choosing EVs and ULEVs,” continued Mark. “It can be a big cultural change to encourage drivers, who have always driven a diesel or petrol, into a new era of company vehicle with many still nervous to commit. “Recognising this, we work closely with companies to plan ahead and pave the way for a smooth transition over a timescale that’s right for them.” Grosvenor Leasing is the chosen contract hire and fleet management provider for many of the best-known companies in the UK. Established more than 35 years ago, the company prides itself on providing national solutions delivered with a personal touch. Working closely with fleet managers and drivers, Grosvenor has the financial muscle, national infrastructure, account management teams and outstanding online fleet management systems to support some of the largest vehicle fleets in the country through to smaller, local businesses with cars and vans.


Last year, Grosvenor Leasing announced that it had reduced the CO2 emissions across its vehicle fleet by 25 per cent in 8 years. With vehicles averaging 108 g/km it placed the contract hire and fleet management specialist ahead of the national average of 120.1 g/km, based on SMMT figures. Going green the easi way Companies running vehicle fleets can be helped with the move towards ultra low emission (ULEV) and electric vehicles (EV), thanks to a combination of initiatives from leading contract hire and fleet management provider, Grosvenor Leasing. 0Zone is Grosvenor’s forward-thinking solution to help companies convert to a greener fleet, bringing significant financial benefits as well as environmental ones too. easi-Fleet Management is a service that makes it simpler than ever for businesses to hand over the operation of their vehicles to Grosvenor Leasing’s team of experts, offering extensive cost and time savings – all for a fixed monthly fee. Bringing them together makes it easier than ever for companies to move to a greener fleet as part of a carefully managed plan, which is why Grosvenor is offering these two exclusive services as one. “The financial argument for going green is now stronger than ever,” said Mark Gallagher, Grosvenor Leasing’s green fleet specialist.


“Taxation is driving the green agenda, and those companies and individuals who do not adopt ultra low emission or electric vehicles won’t simply miss out on potentially lucrative savings, they will feel a significant squeeze on their finances in the coming years as the cost of ‘not’ changing becomes very punitive. “Yet many companies, particularly with smaller fleets, don’t have time to think about an ‘eco-plan’ because they already have so much on their “plate” running their businesses and dealing with the constant hassles of their current vehicles. “That’s where we can help, because with easi-Fleet Management all suppliers, driver queries, garage bills, expense claims, rental vehicles, fuel cards, accidents, speeding fines, tax renewals, MOTs, and driving license checks are managed by us for a fixed monthly fee. “By bringing 0Zone and easi-Fleet Management together, we will also develop a low emission vehicle policy for you, and manage the change process, so that you can enjoy the financial benefits of becoming greener without the stress.” FURTHER INFORMATION To discuss any aspects of your vehicle fleet, please contact Mark Gallagher www.grosvenor-leasing.co.uk 01536 536 536 Mark Gallagher, Grosvenor Leasing

A different way to look at challenges The pace of fleet industry change is unprecedented and that presents fleet decision-makers with challenges. But too many people in the industry view the numerous issues raised as threats where as I view them as opportunities. Arguably the three biggest challenges facing fleet decision-makers are the introduction of the Worldwide harmonised Light vehicles Test Procedure (WLTP); government policy around diesel and the national media’s ill-founded ‘demonisation’ of the fuel; and a lack of clarity about company car benefit-in-kind taxation post-April 2020. To that list can also be added government pressure to introduce plug-in and ultra-low emission vehicles to company car choice lists, and the anticipated widespread introduction of Clean Air Zones in towns and cities nationwide starting in April 2019 with the Ultra-Low Emission Zone in central London. There are other issues – Brexit, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), and the growth of the ‘connected car’ and ‘big data’. What’s more, for fleets that contract hire, there are the lease accounting standard changes that are effective from 1 January 2019. But to return to the three ‘big’ challenges as I see them. Opportunities, not challenges Too often businesses view challenges as the time to retain the status quo and, in short, do nothing preferring to wait to see ‘what happens’. However, as a businessman of some 50 years standing and having been involved in the fleet industry for more than 30 years, every challenge – often seen as a threat – presents an opportunity. In the case of the three ‘big’ challenges the focus should be on reviewing company car choice lists and ensuring they deliver on all fronts including: business need, fitness-for-purpose, total cost of ownership and driver satisfaction. The big problem for many businesses is that, unfortunately, as FIAG has said previously, too many organisations no longer employ a full-time, professional and experienced fleet manager with the knowledge and confidence to make decisions and present their case to company directors. Instead, those professionals with many years of experience have been made redundant or not replaced on retirement and businesses have taken the decision to outsource the fleet

Supported by

operation to third parties that, while promising service and bespoke solutions, almost certainly also have other stakeholders to satisfy. Base decisions on fact The ‘wait and see what happens’ approach will invariably cost businesses money: Extending fleet replacement cycles is just one ‘solution’ that has been promoted amid the challenges faced. But that adds costs to fleet budgets particularly maintenance bills and additional rental charges for fleets that lease; and can breed driver dissatisfaction. Similarly, what’s the problem with today’s Euro 6 emission diesel cars that produce more power and torque with lower CO2 rates when compared with traditional petrol-based engines? What’s more, local authorities believe their adoption can help improve air quality as they meet the free entry criteria of the Ultra‑Low Emission Zone in London and the draft criteria for other Clean Air Zones nationwide. The point is that fleets should not follow the popular vote – the national newspaper headlines or comments from those in the industry that have an ulterior motive – they should make decisions based on the facts and total cost of ownership data. Today’s sophisticated hi-tech diesel cars continue to make good sense for many business and company car drivers. What’s more those fleet managers brave enough to make that decision and buy new diesel cars may well be receiving a pat on their back from their finance director in three or four-years when they are sold – and

WLTP WLTP is undoubtedly a huge challenge, but early indications are that manufacturers introducing new models to market have been able to overcome the challenge posed. The all-new Ford Focus – Britain’s best-selling car – is a good example. The manufacturer has been able to deliver “fuel efficiency and CO2 emission improvements of 10 per cent across the range” making the figures little different from those of the outgoing model. Ford has been able to harness innovative technologies, new aerodynamic features and weight-reducing techniques to limit CO2 emission rises and fuel economy reductions as a result of the introduction of WLTP. However, where manufacturers have been forced to homologate existing models to WLTP protocols, a rise in MPG and CO2 emissions – and thus the tax burden – is the result. So the message is review choice lists and introduce wholly new models if possible. Legislators in the UK and worldwide and manufacturers are all working towards reducing vehicle emission – fleet decision‑makers may not know exactly the shape of company car benefit‑in‑kind tax beyond April 2020, but it is a good bet that the lower the CO2 emissions of a car, the lower the tax. To standstill is to effectively go backwards. Yes, there are challenges aplenty, but grasp the opportunity and shape fleets for the future. It will pay dividends. L

Written by Geoffrey Bray, chairman, Fleet Industry Advisory Group

While there is plenty of change occurring in the fleet industry, it should be seen as an opportunity to shape fleets for the future, writes Geoffrey Bray from the Fleet Industry Advisory Group

those fleets that lease may ask their supplier for a share of the potential cash windfall. Evidence from vehicle auction watchers suggests that good quality diesel cars continue to be a desirable second-hand investment with no move away anticipated. As a result, if the slump in new diesel car sales continues there may well be a shortage of models entering the used market in 2021/22 and beyond – thus attracting a residual value windfall. Simultaneously, a market flooded with ‘hard to sell’ petrol cars is likely to see values nosedive.

Leasing & Rental

In association with



Has there ever been a more persuasive argument for leasing or long‑term rental than now, given the economic uncertainty and the question mark over the future of diesel? We ask our panelists for their views The fleet industry is in a state of change. The question mark over the future of diesel, the push towards zero and ultra-low emission vehicles, tax changes, clean air zones, Brexit, new mobility trends and big data could all effect the way that fleets operate in the future. This poses a challenge to fleets, with many uncertain about what vehicles to purchase now and how they’ll fit in the future fleet landscape. With this in mind, the argument for leasing or long term rental of vehicles has become more compelling. “In today’s uncertain economic climate, the possibility to have fixed cost motoring for three to four years and avoid the risk of owning a vehicle that may be subject to future environmental or technological scrutiny makes leasing all the more appealing,” comments Rob Mills from Daimler Fleet Management. Mark Gallagher from Grosvenor Leasing says that the cost of running a vehicle is very likely to go up for various reasons, including to potential increases to vehicle pricing as import costs rise post-Brexit, reductions in manufacturer discounts and rebates as they’re likely to channel their support into EU members, rising interest rates, unstable residual values and increases in the price of imported parts. “These all points towards leasing rates going up in the coming year, and vehicle ownership becoming riskier than ever,” Mark says. There is a lot for fleet decision-makers to digest, and this could be a particular problem if fleet is only part of their job, believes Chris Chandler from Lex Autolease. He says: “This is where working with a leasing partner delivers real value, because we bring a depth of knowledge around vehicle technology, the tax and regulatory environment, alongside insight into how these changes affect fleet decisions. We can provide flexibility with contracts to make sure the impacts of these changes are modelled out over the contract-cycle of the fleet, providing more certainty over costs and ensuring the vehicle policy is future-fit.” Alternative fuels The government is investing significantly into improving the charging infrastructure for


Robert Mills, fleet sales operations manager, Daimler Fleet Management Robert has over 30 years’ industry experience, with the last 20 being with Daimler in various management roles across both the Daimler Fleet Management and CharterWay (van and truck) divisions. He currently heads up the sales operations function covering pricing and risk management, plus consultative support to sales management. Mark Gallagher, green fleet specialist, Grosvenor Leasing Mark has over 15 years’ industry experience and has worked with a variety of corporate and public sector fleets. He has been with Grosvenor Leasing for five years and provides strategic account management and operational fleet reviews, recommending suitable policy, vehicle choice lists and customer support aimed at delivering financial savings for clients. Chris Chandler, principal consultant at Lex Autolease A fleet management consultant for 20 years, pushing the agenda for cleaner vehicles has been at the heart of Chris’ time in the industry. At Lex Autolease, Chris set up the plug-in vehicle proposition which saw the Lex Autolease plug-in fleet increase to over 6,000 vehicles, and the introduction of a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle. electric vehicles. The proposed Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill aims to increase the amount of charge points for electric cars, as well as making them easier to use. The Bill will also give the government powers to make it compulsory for charge points to be installed across the country. Indeed, sales figures show that people are coming round to the idea of an electric or hybrid vehicle. At the start of the year, Go Ultra Low reported that electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles achieved record-breaking levels of popularity in 2017. Registrations increased by more than 27 per cent on the previous year. Hydrogen too has had a funding boost, with £20 million being invested to make it cheaper to make and more competitive to buy, while biofuels has


had the Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) target doubled. Rob Mills from Daimler believes that the reservations surrounding alternative fuels are slowly changing as the technology and infrastructure continue to improve. He says: “Electric vehicles are constantly improving and with each technological enhancement they are increasing their range capabilities and reducing their charge times. Electric vehicles are now regularly able to travel 250 miles on a single charge which is far in excess of what the average company car driver drives in a typical day which makes them much more accessible for a greater number of people. “Quite often we find that customers aren’t in receipt of all of the facts and as such cannot make a fully informed business decision,

Icon made by Freepik from www.flaticon.com

Expert Panel: Leasing


Go Ultra Low

fl ed to b pressur ely-fuelled tiv alterna ehicles v

green ones. As their contract hire and fleet management provider we need to be sensitive to that, but also help them move towards lowering their emissions at the same time.” Mark continues: “We take a pragmatic approach by breaking their fleet down to see which groups of drivers would suit an alternative fuelled vehicle, knowing that its currently an option for some but not all.” It is important to analyse fleet and vehicle usage to understand which vehicles could be switched to EV or AFVs, echoes Rob Mills. He says: “A fleet audit looking at the ergonomic routines of your total fleet may well reveal that diesel vehicles are still the most suitable. Fleet operators should liaise with their lease providers for support and advice on the potential to run AFVs in their fleet.” Rob also urges fleet to look beyond fuel type and consider contract length, mileage requirements, how likely the selected vehicles are to be superseded in the future by a more technologically advanced model, and then work out the best vehicles for their fleet based around a TCO lease programme. Chris Chandler adds: “There will always be vehicle applications that are ideally suited to alternative fuels – shorter mileage, urban driving for example. But it’s important to E

Expert Panel: Leasing

the most from alternative fuels, particularly or conversely become overwhelmed by plug-in hybrids, the correct driver behaviour speculation and hearsay rather than the facts.” is essential and vehicle leasing providers Mark Gallagher from Grosvenor says have a role to play in helping organisations that while drivers are asking more about educate on best practice. Better driver alternative fuel vehicles than ever before, education, alongside increasing choice they are not necessarily choosing them, and improved charging infrastructure, will perhaps due to nervousness about the help to increase the rate of adoption.” unknown. He says: “It’s true that reservations regarding alternative fuels are changing, Fit for purpose but drivers remain concerned regarding With all the negativity surrounding the distances they can cover in an electric diesel, fleets could feel pressured to buy vehicle and that’s causing some to choose alternatively-fuelled vehicles. But ultimately, a petrol or diesel, with many commenting vehicles must be fit for purpose. that they expect this will be their last.” “It’s important not to make a blanket Chris Chandler believes that educating decision for your fleet on an ‘EV verses diesel’ drivers on the options of alternatively-fuelled scenario,” warns Rob Mills. “You should be vehicles, as well as how to get the most evaluating your choices with a leasing partner from EV or hybrids through driving style, is based on your fleet objectives, your usage important. He says: “We have long supported and your needs. The value of financial greater adoption of alternative modelling software is vital in fuelled vehicles and own and this process as the full costs manage the largest ultra‑low are visible and accurate emission vehicle fleet h t i W comparisons can be made.” in the UK. As a result, e h all t Mark Gallagher adds: we have a depth y “Most companies of insight when it egativitdiesel, n and drivers will make comes to usage and ding commercial and financial driver behaviour. We surroun could feel s decisions, rather than know that to get t e e uy



Expert Panel: Leasing

Final thoughts Rob Mills The remainder of 2018 will bring no further social and economic clarity or stability and will be dominated by the final Brexit proposals and the implementation of WLTP. Relationships between the fleet manager and their lease providers will be more important than ever to help guide them through this uncertain period. Fleet managers should seek to adopt an open view on the future and to consider all options to ensure that they meet their operational and cost objectives. The time for the blanket vehicle policy for all drivers will pass and the mantra of the right vehicle for the right job will be paramount. 

WLTP is ‘a challenge’, with many manufacturers ceasing to accept orders on selected models while the testing procedure is being completed

There is a lot for fleet decision makers to digest, and this could be a particular problem if fleet is only part of their job description  remember that while electric ranges are still developing and improving, the very latest diesel vehicles can be the most practical option for many businesses, especially for high mileage users and LCV fleets. Our advice is always focused around the operational needs and application of the fleet. It’s about getting the right vehicle for the right job.” The future The pace of change in the fleet industry is unprecedented. So what more can we expect for the remainder of the year? Rob Mills said: “The remainder of 2018 will bring no further social & economic clarity or stability and will be dominated by the final Brexit proposals and the implementation of WLTP. We are already


seeing manufacturers ceasing to accept orders on certain models whilst they complete their WLTP testing and this will impact driver choice for the remainder of the year.” Mark agrees that the WLTP is a challenge, saying “we’re in for a bumpy ride until that’s ironed out and we’re beyond it.” Grosvenor Leasing recently asked its customers what their main concerns were, and mark describes their answers as “interesting”. “Forthcoming changes to taxation, emissions testing and how that would affect them, plus the potential impact of rising interest rates were the main causes of concern. The affect of GDPR was next on the list, with the green agenda and health and safety also on people’s minds. Surprisingly, Brexit was lowest on this list of concerns,” Mark says. L


Mark Gallagher Regarding the impact of recent challenges on forecasted residual values, it’s our job to predict what consumers will pay for vehicles on the used car market in three to four years time. The toughest challenge is anticipating what today’s alternative fuelled vehicles will be worth in 2021 or 2022, because its such new territory. That’s why, if I was a company looking to add these vehicles to my fleet, I would opt for contract hire. After all, why take that risk if you can pass it to your leasing provider. Chris Chandler In a landscape where we are seeing rapid taxation, environmental and technological change, leasing and long-term rental can offer decision‑makers the flexibility to adapt to a sometimes unpredictable mobility environment. There is a lot for fleet decision‑makers to digest, particularly when fleet is often only part of their job – for HR or finance managers for example. This is where working with a leasing partner delivers real value, because we bring a depth of knowledge around vehicle technology, the tax and regulatory environment, alongside insight into how these changes affect fleet decisions.

Advertisement Feature

WLTP: what you should know and what to do about it Hot on the heels of Brexit and GDPR comes a new challenge to the fleet manager – the Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP) The Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP) is yet another complication to factor into your fleet planning over the coming years. It may feel like there has never been more noise or uncertainty in the market place, but help is at hand. There are ways we can help you negotiate the coming of WLTP and even turn it to your advantage. But more of that later, first a quick refresher.

align emissions to individual vehicles more accurately. More specifically, it will include a wider range of driving situations (urban, suburban, main road, motorway); longer test distances and higher average and maximum speeds and drive power. It will also include more dynamic and representative accelerations and decelerations and shorter stops.

What exactly is WLTP? WLTP is the new vehicle testing cycle that aims to improve the accuracy of vehicle emissions and fuel consumption figures provided by manufacturers. It replaces the outgoing NEDC (New European Driving Cycle) which has been in force since the nineties and no longer accurately reflects modern vehicle emissions or driving. So far, so simple. But what precisely are the differences between the old system and the new? Firstly, the testing time increases to 30 minutes with four driving phases instead of two. Speed, gear changes and distance travelled are all increased, whilst CO2 figures are tested at lower temperatures to give a more realistic picture of a vehicle’s emissions cycle. Secondly, the new WLTP testing will replicate real world driving and

What does WLTP mean for you? The main thing to bear in mind is that, under the new procedures, vehicles will receive new CO2 figures that may alter their vehicle taxation. Initial testing shows that CO2 and MPG impacts vary, with some car models having a lower CO2 under WLTP and some seeing CO2 and MPG increases. You should start to factor in the new figures when formulating your policy and vehicle choice lists, with some vehicles needing to be removed, and previously out of scope alternatives becoming potential options in the future. You may also find there are times when vehicle ranges and individual engines are temporarily unavailable to order while production is suspended to allow new WLTP testing to be completed. What’s happening when? Changes are already underway. Manufacturers are now testing their model ranges and

will complete this by September 2018. Some have already changed to the new testing regime and published the impact on their model ranges, others are yet to complete or publish their figures. The result of this is more confusion in the market place and a situation where fleet managers may struggle to make like for like comparisons from model to model. In an effort to limit this pain, all passenger cars, will have CO2 values derived from WLTP and NEDC 2 (sometimes referred to as NEDC correlated) from 1st September 2018. NEDC2 is calculated by taking the WLTP test result and applying an adjustment factor which realigns the CO2 to an NEDC equivalent value, with WLTP figures provided for MPG. For LCVs, the implementation of WLTP runs one year later. WLTP testing will be in place for all new vehicles on 1st September 2019. We’re here to help For the fleet manager already dealing with a mountain of new legislation and regulation, WLTP might seem like one headache too many. In fact many fleet managers are electing to weather out the storm and wait for the dust to settle. But why run the risk of increasing your overheads and watching your fleet age. What you need is a fleet partner with the experience and know-how to assess the impact and sort through the detail. At times of change, having the right leasing partner is more important than ever. Leasing offers real advantages to your business because you will be trading in vehicles every couple of years and can therefore benefit from the latest and most efficient technology without worrying about changing environmental restraints. As part of the Daimler family Daimler Fleet Management has close connections to manufacturer innovations, and with the recent acquisition of Athlon across Europe we can offer you a wealth of knowledge and experience. DFM can help you undertake a review of your current fleet and highlight how WLTP will impact you. Through Whole Life Costs analysis, we can help you put a plan in place that will maximise performance and cost‑efficiency, selecting vehicles fit for purpose and future proofed. L FURTHER INFORMATION Visit daimlersixty.co.uk/WLTP or request a visit from us for more on WLTP Email: dfm-uk@daimler.com Tel: 01908 697442



Road Test


Jaguar F-Pace R-Sport 2.0D AWD A sporting crossover, the F-Pace was the first Jaguar SUV to marry lightweight materials to a dynamic driving experience. And, as Richard Gooding discovers, the dieting ethos also helps with efficiency

Jaguar F-Pace R-Sport 2.0D AWD

Written by Richard Gooding



1,999cc four-cylinder turbodiesel





MPG (combined):





£830 first-year, £450 thereafter




£45,300 (including VAT, £58,885 as tested)

What is it? With a rich heritage in producing brawny sports cars and saloons, Jaguar was finally lured into making an SUV in 2013. The C-X17 concept car which appeared at the Frankfurt motor show that year evolved into the production F-Pace, the company’s first SUV. Formally announced at the North American International Auto Show in 2015, the F-Pace debuted at the Frankfurt motor show later that year, and arrived in the UK in spring 2016. Like the concept which inspired it, as well as the compact XE saloon (see GreenFleet issue 98), the F-Pace breaks away from traditional SUV practices by having a body structure which is 80 per cent aluminium. Other components – such as the tailgate – are fashioned from composite and magnesium for extra weight saving. Jaguar claims that the streamlined styling and the lightweight ethos helps with the F-Pace’s efficiency, while a brace of newly-developed ‘Ingenium’ 2.0-litre turbodiesel engines offer emissions from as low as 126g/km. For the enthusiast, a trio of super and turbocharged petrol units offer more scintillating performance. Since the F-Pace was first launched, it has been joined by two additional SUVs: the smaller E-Pace, and the all-electric I-Pace, Jaguar’s first bespoke electric vehicle. While we test the R-Sport 2.0D AWD variant here, we also point out that the cleanest F-Paces in the range are the Prestige 2.0D RWD models.

How does it drive? either side of the steering wheel allows There’s no mistaking the F-Pace for anything the drivers to have more tactile control. but a modern Jaguar. Sharing the same look As with the XE, aluminium components in as the new generation of XE, XF, XJ and the suspension and a similar design to that F-Type models, the Ian Callum-designed of the F-Type sports car helps deliver precise F-Pace is svelte and curvaceous, and masks driving dynamics. The F-Pace feels much more its unescapable bulk well. The optional agile on the move than it seemingly has £705 Caesium Blue paint really any right to, and although it’s sets the car off, too, and no out-and-out sports car, it is The combined with the also involving and offers ample r optional £690 ‘Black Pack grip allied to unerring a u Jag e R-Sport’ lends the F-Pace comfort. Even though d a m is e c R-Sport more than a the suspension is, a P t F weigh t hint of aggression. predictably, on the firm h g i l from ls to save Inside, the big Jaguar’s side, only the biggest cabin is sumptuous materiand can offer of undulations and and made from quality nastiest of broken ,a weight ssions from materials. Leather surfaces catch it out. emi covers the dashboard, To tailor the driving as seats, parts of the experience, there are four as low m centre console and door driving modes under the 126g/k trims, the dark headlining ‘JaguarDrive Control’ system. and low-edge dashboard also We drove the car in mostly helping to create a feeling more akin ‘Eco Mode’, which changes gears to a coupé than a high-riding SUV. earlier and adjusts other settings for That impression continues on the move, too. improved efficiency, but the system Sharing a bespoke platform with its saloon also offers ‘Normal’, ‘Dynamic’ as well sisters rather than one borrowed from its as ‘Rain, Ice, Snow’ modes. In normal Land Rover stablemates, the F-Pace feels driving, up to 90 per cent of the available more like a car to drive than a traditional torque is sent to the rear wheels, but mud-plugger. While it can handle most light in low traction conditions, the front/ off-road situations, the focus is very much on rear balance can be an ideal 50/50 split, a refined, fast on-road driving experience. And which also nicely mirrors the F-Pace’s the F-Pace certainly delivers that. The 237bhp near-perfect weight distribution. 2.0D engine boasts strong punch and devours On a practicality note, the F-Pace should be motorways and long distances with ease. The able to swallow most needs thrown at it. A eight-speed automatic gearbox is in keeping total of 650 litres of boot space is available with the rest of Jaguar’s big SUV offering: with the rear seats in place, stretching to smooth and fuss-free, while the paddleshifters an impressive 1,740 with them folded down.


Jaguar’s big news for 2018 is the launch of the long-awaited, all-electric I-Pace SUV.

F-Pace is sumptuous, well-kitted out, and comfortable

The ‘JaguarControl’ offers four driving modes, including ’Eco’

How economical is it? Jaguar quotes a combined cycle figure of 48.7mpg for the 237bhp F-Pace R-Sport 2.0D AWD. However, if you choose the entry-level Prestige 2.0D RWD with a lower-powered 161bhp turbodiesel engine, Jaguar claims up to an official 50.4mpg can be eked out. Over our week-long test of the R-Sport, we achieved a fantastically creditable average of 46.4mpg, with a lowest value of 33.9mpg. Recuperation and anticipation graphics in the five-inch instrument TFT screen allow the driver to step up their eco game, while a slew of eco data can be displayed on the 10.2-inch colour touchscreen infotainment system. What does it cost? R-Sport trim sits at the halfway point of the F-Pace model hierachy, and the R-Sport 2.0D AWD is priced at £45,300. But, with £12,290-worth of optional equipment, our test car knocked on the door of £59,000. The range starts at £36,520 for the aforementioned Prestige 2.0D RWD model, while the Portfolio-trimmed car is £41,435. The 161bhp 2.0D RWD F-Pace kicks off the R-Sport range at £39,140, while the performance-orientated F-Pace S 3.0D AWD with its 296bhp V6 twin-turbo diesel engine can be had from £54,440. Finally, the recently-announced F-Pace SVR with a storming 493bhp, 5.0-litre supercharged petrol engine is priced from £74,835. But as you’re reading GreenFleet, that kind of power and performance won’t worry you, and the R-Sport model offers plenty of useful kit to keep you happy. As well as its all-wheel drive system, there is ‘All Surface Progress Control’, auto lights,

rear view mirror, and wipers, an eight-inch colour infotainment system with DAB and Bluetooth, heated front seats, headlight powerwash, LED tail lights, parking sensors, a powered tailgate, and 19-inch alloy wheels. If you really want the greenest F-Pace, though, the Prestige-badged car offers 18‑inch alloy wheels, chrome roof rails and window surrounds, eight-way adjustable front seats, front fog lights, interior mood lighting, leather seats and steering wheel and 40:20:40 split-fold rear seats. Opt for Portfolio and you get a panoramic sunroof, xenon headlights, a 380W ‘Meridian’ sound system and a rear view camera. How much does it cost to tax? This is where the F-Pace’s luxury, opulence and high price starts to dim its appeal. Only the Prestige 2.0D RWD in either 161bhp (126‑129g/km) or 177bhp (134-139g/km) tune slots below the under £40,000 ‘Premium’ tax rate for the second year onwards, costing £140 per year after the initial £205 or £515 first-year rate. Choose any options, though, which take the list price to £40,000 and that flips over into the Premium rate of £450. And that’s where the R-Sport 2.0D AWD sits. It’s also more costly to tax in the first year, too, its £830 initial figure quite considerably more. Benefit in Kind is also at the top end of the scale, at 35 per cent for 2018-2019. Again, the Prestige 2.0D RWD F-Type is cheaper here, too, with BIK rates from 30 to 31 per cent. The trio of super and turbocharged petrol engines have emissions ranging from 159 to 209g/km, and VED rates from £515 to £1,240 for the first year. Company car tax on these is between 32 and 37 per cent.

Road Test

The electric Jaguar ready to set the pace

First unveiled in 2016, Jaguar’s first all-electric road car is little changed from the initial concept, which means low-slung, sports SUV styling, which embodies modern Jaguar cues but looks refreshingly different to the rest of the range. Unlike BMW’s i3, though, it doesn’t obviously shout about its electric car credentials. There’s more subtlety. On sale now from £63,495, the I-Pace packs two electric motors for 394bhp and 513lb ft of torque. Its 90kWh lithium-ion battery gives a range of 298 miles on the WLTP cycle, and the I-Pace offers Tesla-rivalling performance, with 0 to 62mph done in 4.5 seconds. Charging at 50kW DC, the I-Pace can be refilled with 168 miles of range per hour.

Why does my fleet need one? The Jaguar F-Pace is a visually striking and a welcome addition to the hotly-contested and ever-growing SUV market. Luxurious, comfortable, and hugely enjoyable to drive, the Jaguar F-Pace is also packed with useful kit and technology. We’d exercise caution with regard to the specification of our test car – the entry-level Prestige model incurs little list price or taxation penalties. On the whole, though, with competitive emissions and a driving experience which definitely puts the ‘sport’ in ‘Sport Utility’, the F-Pace’s success speaks for itself. There is little not to like, and it’s no wonder Jaguar has scored with its first SUV: it’s a deeply desirable crossover. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.jaguar.co.uk




www.greenfleet.net Published by

020 8532 0055 www.psi-media.co.uk



Product Finder


Alpha Heating Chesterfield Ltd APi Electrical www.apielectrical.co.uk Email: office@apielectrical.co.uk Tel: 01942 870 397 FREE Charge Your Car subscription offer – for 2018 customers! http://bit.do/FREECYCSUBSCRIPTION APi Electrical, the North West’s Leading independent specialist offer the largest choice of OLEV-Approved Chargepoint brands in the UK, from low-cost to hi-tech ‘Smart-Charging’ with back-office management, load-balancing and ultimate reliability. EV RECHARGING

Units 1-4 Vanguard Industrial Estate Britannia Road, Chesterfield, S40 2TZ Tel: 01246 558723 Email: info@alpha-heating.co.uk Website: www.alpha-heating.co.uk

Barlow (Hull) Ltd

Alpha Heating Chesterfield Ltd is a family run business that has been trading for over 20 years carrying out works for local authorities, nursing homes, schools, commercial and private customers. We have recently added a new division to our portfolio and become an electric vehicle home charge scheme and workplace scheme authorised installer.

Barlow Electrical are Electrical contractors specializing in electric vehicle charging installations, based in Hull. Allow us to take you on a journey from initial visit to completed installation. We are OLEV approved for installations under the EVHS (domestic) and WCS (workplace) schemes, and provide a full design & installation service.


01482 342064 Email: info@hullelectrician.co.uk Website: www.hullelectrician.co.uk


Sintec UK Ltd Aylesford Electrical www.aylesfordelectrical.co.uk 01622 763 972 Installers of market leading Smart EV Chargers from NewMotion. Includes fully supported back office App for Pay-to-Charge or free charging. Free Nationwide survey for any car park or staff home charging requirements. We are broad spectrum Electrical Services contractors for all commercial needs.


JPS Renewable Energy Ltd www.jpsrenewableenergy.co.uk enquiries@jpsrenewableenergy.co.uk JPS Renewable Energy’s OLEV approved EV Installation Team provide impartial customer focused EV charging solutions to domestic, commercial and public-sector clients. We offer a hand in hand approach to our clients, from technical advice through to product selection, design and installation of the chosen solution. We are based in Kent, providing EV solutions across the South of England.

Contact details will be: Phone: +44 (0) 20 7139 7777 Email: rfq@sintec.uk.com Website: www.sintec.uk.com

Doyle Electrical Services

“Sintec UK is a leading electrical installer of automotive systems, an approved installer of OLEV chargepoints under the Electric Vehicle Homecharge and Workplace Charging Schemes. We are NICEIC Approved contractor, a registered member of ECA and a proud member of the British Safety Council. We operate nationwide aiming to provide a state of the art service to all customers.”

Doyle Electrical Services Ltd, are OLEV grant approved EV charge point installers for Rolec, MyEnergi, and EO. We are also approved installers for Tesla. We cover East Anglia, Norfolk, and Essex. NIC EIC Approved Contractors.


www.doyleelectrical.co.uk Tel: 01473 622 674


Manchester Electrical

West & West Ltd


www.west-west.co.uk Tel: 01869 241024

We are an approved OLEV installer in the domestic properties and workplace claiming any grants for our customers. We initially installed over 200 car chargers around Greater Manchester for TfGM in 2013/14. These were street installs but we also work in hospitals, universities and tram station car parks.

West & West Ltd are OLEV, Rolec, Smart EV, EO and EV Box‑approved installers of workplace EV charge points. As exporters in all types of commercial electrical installations, we can give you technical advice, sales information and ongoing service support. We install charge points to meet any budget, timescale and specification throughout London and the Home Counties.



Product Finder


Eastbourne Electrical LLP www.eastbourne-electrical.co.uk Tel: 01323 724248 Email: sales@eastbourne-electrical.co.uk Eastbourne Electrical is your specialist charge point installer for the southeast. We work closely with you to ensure we install the most suitable charge points for your needs. We are OLEV approved and provide ROLEC, EO, Schneider and Tesla charge points.



Carbon Zero Renewables www.carbonzerorenewables.co.uk Carbon Zero are you Expert Installation Partners. We have installed nearly 500 electric car charging stations since 2012. We install a variety of charging stations to suit the client and their needs. We are OLEV Approved and can access grants. We also specialise in Solar PV and Approved by Tesla.



BMM Energy Solutions Ltd Website: www.bmm-ltd.com Bmm Energy Solutions are a market leading supplier and installer of electric vehicle charging equipment. Being technology agnostic, we can offer the widest range of electric vehicle charging equipment available in the market place.  We specialise in fully managed installations including back office systems & maintenance for both private and public-sectors.


SJK Electrical Stratford Energy Solutions www.stratfordenergy.co.uk 01789 262411 Whether you are looking to install a domestic charging point or multiple workplace charging units we provide a full design & installation service for all electric vehicle charging needs. Working with leading manufacturers we are OLEV‑accredited so relevant grants can be claimed.


McNally Electrical Yorkshire


www.sjkelectrical.com Tel: 01924 377641 Mobile: 07734 101674 SJK Electrical are commercial and domestic NICEIC registered electricians, specializing in electric vehicle charging installations, based in Wakefield. All installation needs addressed with the growing adoption of electric vehicles. We are OLEV approved for installations under the EVHS (domestic) and WCS (workplace) schemes, and available to assist in obtaining grants under this scheme.


Mr Electric

Phone: 01535 444101 Website: www.mcnallygroup.co.uk Email: info@mcnallyelectrical.co.uk

Tel: 0800 7311 606 Email: enquiries@mrelectric.com Website: www.mr-electric.co.uk

At McNally EV, our professionalism and quality have led to us becoming the nationwide installation partner for Rolec, one of the largest distributors of outdoor electrical charging equipment in the world. No matter how big or small a job, McNally’s are here for you every step of the way. From installation, to maintaining your unit.

Mr. Electric is the UK’s leading electrical franchise brand. Approved OLEV installer, trusted electrical experts. A proven track record of being reliable with over 17 years of experience in electrical installation and maintenance. National coverage allows us to take care of EV Charge Point installation and maintenance across the UK.


Saliis www.saliis.com Telephone: 028 90 455136 Email: info@saliis.com SALIIS Ltd is one of the leading suppliers and installers, approved by OLEV, of Electric Vehicle (EV) charging units on commercial and private properties across Northern Ireland. Specialising in the renewables industry, SALIIS also installs and maintains large public and private sector contracts in Solar PV across the United Kingdom.


Orbis Engineering Services Ltd www.orbis-es.co.uk Tel: 01785 248201 Email: info@orbis-es.co.uk Orbis Engineering Services, leading specialist EV Charging Installers accredited by OLEV Grant. We are approved EV charge point installer with a vast range of EV charging points for destination and work place. Our professional services include maintenance, back office integration, reporting and payments. Please contact our friendly team to discuss.


Product Finder



Coventry Electrical

Ray Butler

SRG Electrical

Tel: 02476 650 000 Web: www.coventryelectrical.co.uk Email: admin@coventryelectrical.co.uk

Tel: 01529 302 665 Web: www.raybutler.co.uk Email: info@raybutlerltd.co.uk

Phone: 0845 644 8209 Website: www.srgelectrical.co.uk

Our mission statement signifies what everybody wants from an EV, to be Economical and reliable. Now expanding our services nationwide, we are OLEV accredited for both EVHS and WCS schemes. We offer professional, profitable EV solutions. Our specialist EV team is here to help you with all your requirements.

Butlers is a family-run electrical firm and one of the few OLEV-approved commercial and domestic installers of electrical vehicle (EV) charge points in Lincolnshire. Working with ROLEC EV, which manufacture Europe’s largest range of EV equipment, Butlers can manage the entire process from applying for funding through to design and installation.



Pencol Electrical Ltd

Jupiter Engineering

Tel: 023 92 484333 Website: www.pencolelectrical.co.uk Email: roger@pencolelectrical.co.uk

Tel: 01245 424882 Website: www.jupiterengineering.co.uk Email: david@jupiterengineering.co.uk

Offering our services throughout Hampshire, Pencol Electrical Ltd, install EV charge points for Domestic and Commercial clients. Fully OLEV approved for grant applications, we are registered installers of Rolec and CityEV. We also offer a free no obligation site survey and quote. See our website for further details.

Jupiter Engineering are NICEIC registered electricians; we are OLEV accredited to install a variety of EV charging units, providing a bespoke service to our clients for both Homecharge and Workplace installations. Approved to install Rolec, Pod Point, Chargemaster, myenergi & Andersen charging units covering the South East and London.



SRG Electrical Ltd, are an independent EV design, installation, maintenance and civils capable contractor. We are OLEV approved for domestic and workplace charging and remain one of the leading installers in the country. With nationwide coverage, from home charging to rapid chargers our portfolio is one not to be overlooked. EV CHARGE NETWORK

EV Driver Ltd Website: www.evdriver.co.uk With electric vehicle infrastructure becoming increasingly important, the time to install is now. We supply, design and install domestic, workplace and commercial charge points. In addition we run a network that operates the chargers so you deal with one company. For more information give us a call on 01394Â 799799.




Qerb Electric Vehicle Charging 01752 546160 charge@qerb.uk www.qerbcharge.uk 21 Sisna Park, Sisna Park Road, Estover, Plymouth, PL6 7AE QERB Charge, Electric Vehicle Charging, Electric Vehicle Chargers for Home, Workplace, SME, Garages, Car Parks, Large Commercial and Public Sector, Fleet Electric Vehicle Charging, Electric Vehicle Charging Facilities, OLEV Electric Vehicle Charging, UK Wide Installations, Smart Electric Vehicle Charging.

Admin Business Solutions Plug It In Group Ltd www.plugitingroup.co.uk Tel: 01535 601466 Email: info@plugitingroup.co.uk Plug it in Group Ltd are an Electrical contracting company specialising in the installation of Rolec EV charging points, we offer a full package from design through to completion for all of your EV needs. We are OLEV approved and pride ourselves on first class customer service.

www.adminbusinesssolutions.co.uk Tel: +44 (0)1564 701 114 Email: info@adminbusinesssolutions.co.uk ABS’ comprehensive catalogue of fleet management services and market-leading technology encompass all the necessary tools to cost-effectively outsource fleets’ administration departments; optimising output through developments designed to augment 21st century fleet management. ABS manages the whole fleet lifecycle, actively supporting growth and development of fleets of all sizes. Volume 114 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE


Advertisers Index








www.g reen fleet.ne t

ISSU E 113




The only fleet publication dedicated to promoting a cleaner environment


Clien organtEarth sha isatio res ns suc exam cessfu ples of lly tac publi kling c sector CHAN air po GES llutio n CV




Diesel unde Particula r gre ater te Filters focus com e


mercia Gre The late enF lee l features st new t surrouns and the com ding vehicle mercial industry. See inside




LIANC COMSAFETY E & PL expla IAN CE Recog ins its Earne nit







ion Sch

www.g reen fleet.ne t

d eme

ISSU E 112






• Electric/Plug-in Vehicles • Commercial Vehicles • Fleet Management • Driver Training • Tyres • Rental & Leasing • Road Tests

the ma



Com mercia Gre The late enF lee l features st new t surrouns and the com ding vehicle mercial industry. See inside








www.g reen fleet.ne t

ISSU E 111











The fut habit ure fue s of l-b fleets uying MOBIL











can ne


w mo







s bene

fit fle






In association





• Alternative Fuels • Hydrogen Vehicles • Freight & Logistics • Finance • Road Safety • Telematics • Industry Analysis

When for comwill alt merciaernative l vehic fuels enter les?



Gre Greate enFleet r Ma takes nchest plac Read e on 15 Mar er the ch. on pag preview e 39






The publishers accept no responsibility for errors or omissions in this free service

A piece of paradise in Andalusia, Spain Don’t delay, call today. Special discount must end soon!

FOUR SELF-CATERING VILLAS • Breathtaking views over the Costa Del Sol • Great temperatures in both winter and summer Great for walking, sightseeing, and mountain-biking holidays • • Golf, jet skiing, par-ascending, yacht/boat hire, snorkelling, scuba diving and windsurfing • An hour from the Sierra Nevada ski resort Close to Nerja’s fashionable shops, restaurants and La Herreradura’s • world famous FREE tapas and fine dining restaurants

YOGA RETREAT Facilities for a small group yoga retreat up to a maximum of 12 people. The yoga classes are given by a qualified yoga teacher.

mariposaholidays.com/en/ mariposaholidays/

Mariposa Holidays_FP QP.indd 1

06/07/2017 12:10

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net 62Mariposa Holidays_QP.indd 1 06/07/2017 12:17

Admin Business 16 Ainsworth & Parkinson 28 Ashwoods Lightfoot 22 Avon Tuning 34 BMW UK Ltd 15 Daimler Fleet 55 Drive Software 10 Driving Monitor 19 Dynamon Ltd 35 EV Chargers Direct 12 Ford 26, Outside back cover Grosvenor 40 Jaguar 6 Licence Check 16 SG Fleet UK Ltd 51 The AA Inside front cover Toyota 4

T H E N E X T G E N E R AT I O N O F E F F I C I E N C Y D i s c o v e r m o r e a t f o r d . c o . u k /m o n d e o - h y b r i d o r c o n t a c t t h e F o r d B us in e s s Ce ntr e: 0345 7 2 3 2 32 3 | f linfo r m@fo r d .co m



C0 2






Official fuel consumption figures in mpg (l/100km) for the Mondeo Titanium Edition Hybrid Electric Vehicle are: urban 57.7 (4.9), extra urban 74.3 (3.8), combined 58.9 (4.8). Official CO2 emissions 108g/km. The mpg figures quoted are sourced from official EU-regulated test results (EU Regulation 715/2007 and 692/2008 as last amended), are provided for comparability purposes and may not reflect your actual driving experience. Information correct at time of going to print (May 2018). Model shown is Mondeo Titanium Edition Hybrid Electric Vehicle with options at additional cost.

Profile for PSI  Media

GreenFleet 114  

The Only Fleet Publication Dedicated to Promoting a Cleaner Environment

GreenFleet 114  

The Only Fleet Publication Dedicated to Promoting a Cleaner Environment

Profile for psi-media