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CV SHOW

SHELL INTERVIEW

www.greenfleet.net

CV ROUNDTABLE

ISSUE 112

COMMERCIAL VEHICLES

GREEN POWER FOR TRUCKS When will alternative fuels enter the mainstream for commercial vehicles?

Commercial GreenFleet The latest news and features surrounding the commercial vehicle industry. See inside

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SHELL INTERVIEW

www.greenfleet.net

CV ROUNDTABLE

ISSUE 112

COMMERCIAL VEHICLES

GREEN POWER FOR TRUCKS When will alternative fuels enter the mainstream for commercial vehicles?

Commercial GreenFleet The latest news and features surrounding the commercial vehicle industry. See inside

FIRST DRIVE 2018 NISSAN LEAF TEKNA 40KWH

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CV SHOW

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A mixed-fuel future The future of greener commercial vehicles is going to include a mixed-bag of alternative fuels, with no single fuel acting as a ‘silver bullet’. This was the message that came out of GreenFleet’s CV Roundtable. The attendees represented a mix of industries, including the emergency services, logistics, healthcare and local authorities. Needless to say, each organisation had very different operational requirements, and above anything else, delegates agreed that the vehicles have to be fit-for-purpose. A range of challenges emerged from the discussions, as well as a lot of positive experiences. Read the full coverage of the event on page 35. This issue of the magazine features our first Commercial GreenFleet section, which covers the latest news and features surrounding the commercial vehicle industry. It includes a preview of April’s CV Show, a spotlight on Iveco’s latest alternatively-fuelled vans and trucks, an interview with logistics firm H Parkinson Haulage, and the latest from FORS – the Fleet Operator Recognition Scheme. Read Commercial GreenFleet from page 19. Meanwhile LowCVP’s Andy Eastlake talks us through the new car label, which comes into effect from 1 April. It will now provide information on emissions standards and whether or not any diesel supplement is applied to VED and company car tax. Read the feature on page 46. Angela Pisanu, editor

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226 High Rd, Loughton, Essex IG10 1ET. Tel: 020 8532 0055 Fax: 020 8532 0066 Web: www.psi-media.co.uk EDITOR Angela Pisanu FEATURES AND ROAD TEST EDITOR Richard Gooding EDITORIAL ASSISTANT Andrea Pluck PRODUCTION CONTROL Ella Sawtell PRODUCTION DESIGN Jo Golding WEB PRODUCTION Victoria Casey PUBLISHER George Petrou ACCOUNT MANAGERS Kylie Glover, Dean Cassar ADMINISTRATION Vickie Hopkins, Bella Chapman REPRODUCTION & PRINT Argent Media

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MOBILITY ALTERNATIVE FUELS LOW-CARBON VEHICLES GREEN FLEETS SUSTAINABLE LOGISTICS SMARTER BUSINESS TRAVEL AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENTS SUSTAINABLE AVIATION AND SHIPPING SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT SYSTEMS At edie Live we will show you how and why you should invest in electric vehicles, saving money and CO2 through smarter business travel. This is Mission Possible. Across the two day event, discover the benefits of greening your fleet; be inspired by thought leadership and best practice case studies to accelerate the transition to low-carbon; overcome your business challenges with experts in free consultations; and pinpoint future strategy to prepare for the long term. Register for free at edielive.com/gf-ad 

 @edielive #edielive2018 #missionpossible

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Contents

Contents GreenFleet 112 24

07 News

42 Fleet operations

12 Shell interview

44 Road test: Toyota Proace Comfort Medium 1.6M D 115

Shell and ITM Power opens new hydrogen refuelling station; majority of daily journeys could be done in an electric car, research finds; Government launches £260m Clean Air Fund

Moving towards a low carbon future means different fuels will co-exist, believes Shell’s Jane Lindsay-Green

29

14 Mobility panel

Our experts share their advice on GDPR compliance and cyber security issues that could affect fleets

24 Iveco spotlight

35

The Toyota Proace offers a commodious carrying capacity, and good on-road manners. Richard Gooding also finds the latest range of Euro 6 engines add economy skills to the Japanese van’s CV

46 Emissions information

Interest in alternative fuels is huge and could see greener trucks entering the mainstream this year, according to commercial vehicle manufacturer Iveco

Launching from 1 April, the new car label will now take into consideration air quality factors by providing information on the vehicle’s emissions standards and diesel supplement

27 Fleet interview

48 Geneva motor show

Logistics firm H Parkinson Haulage has added seven Iveco trucks powered by compressed biomethane to its fleet. The firm’s general manager Steve Sugden explains more

Green was very definitely the name of the game at the 2018 Geneva motor show. Richard Gooding highlights a few of the major Swiss show stars

29 CV roundtable

51 GreenFleet Manchester

35 CV Show

52 First drive: 2018 Nissan LEAF Tekna 40kWh

The way commercial vehicles are powered in the future is likely to be very mixed – with no single alternative fuel acting as the ‘silver bullet’. This was the message that came out of GreenFleet’s Commercial Vehicle Roundtable

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Fleet operators face a dazzling array of compliance issues. FORS takes compliance to the next level and provides a pathway to operational excellence

Taking place 24-26 April, the Commercial Vehicle Show will show visitors the latest vehicles, products and services to help them operate a safe and efficient commercial fleet

GreenFleet teamed up with Transport for Greater Manchester to host an event to demonstrate how lowering emissions can be achieved

The original Nissan Leaf was a trailblazer, the first big-selling pure electric car. Eight years and 300,000 cars later, there’s a second-generation version

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GreenFleet magazine

www.greenfleet.net Volume 112 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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News

Improving efficiency through changes in driver behaviour City Electrical Factors (CEF) is the UK’s expert supplier of electrical products and services for the professional buyer and contractor. Via a national network of 390 branches, CEF offers its customers, large or small, the most extensive range of over 35,000 high quality products, including leading brands and great value alternatives. CEF has adopted Lightfoot as part of its ongoing mission to go above and beyond for its customers, and Lightfoot has been effective at reducing emissions and fuel consumption, minimising risk and reducing vehicle down-time – these benefits are all a proven result of the smoother, more efficient driving style Lightfoot enables. The rewards and incentives that Lightfoot has to offer have helped bring about a huge change in driver behaviour, with many striving to drive as efficiently as possible. This improved efficiency has delivered a huge increase in fuel savings for CEF, with reductions of up to 12.1 per cent. Downtime is also an important issue that fleets need to constantly review in order to enhance their efficiency. This positive change means that fleets are more efficient and, more importantly, save money. “Downtime had decreased from 2.01 days in early 2015 to 1.11 days towards the end of last year – this equated to savings of 45 per cent- a significant six-figure saving,” says Ian Thorn, CEF. Lightfoot takes the pressure off management to manage the reams of data typically provided by traditional telematics systems. Instead, Lightfoot identifies the small number of individuals who aren’t hitting their KPIs, allowing management to then action this information accordingly. Due to the ease with which CEF managers can identify those who aren’t responding well to Lightfoot, they have quickly and efficiently been able to address any problems and return to maximum efficiency. As a result of the safer, smoother driving style that Lightfoot enables, drivers are a lot more aware of what is occurring on the road around them and, as a result, they cause fewer accidents. CEF has seen significant reductions in claims frequency and claims value, along with significantly lower fuel costs and vehicle downtime. CEF has adopted this device as a part of its culture and is therefore experiencing the many benefits on offer – such as reduced risk on the road, fewer emissions and increased fleet efficiency. FURTHER INFORMATION www.lightfoot.co.uk

HYDROGEN

Shell and ITM Power opens new hydrogen refuelling station Shell has opened another hydrogen refuelling station, which will be supplied by ITM Power. Shell Beaconsfield on the M40 will be the first site in the UK to bring hydrogen under the same canopy as petrol and diesel. This opening follows the launch of the first fully branded and public hydrogen refuelling site in the UK at Shell Cobham in February 2017. The hydrogen is generated on-site using an electrolyser that requires only water and electricity to generate the hydrogen gas. Mike Copson, hydrogen business development manager at Shell, said: “We’re delighted to be opening a new refuelling site at Shell Beaconsfield, demonstrating our ongoing commitment to hydrogen as a vital part of the UK’s future transport system. “Bringing hydrogen under the canopy for the first time is a fantastic step towards making it a convenient and viable fuel choice for UK drivers.” The hydrogen station at Beaconsfield is the fifth hydrogen refuelling site in the UK to be supplied by ITM Power and will be the first to be opened as part of the H2ME project. The initiative has been partially funded by the European Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU),

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

READ MORE tinyurl.com/yamudw48

CHARGING

Southampton Airport welcomes charge points for visitors PodPoint has installed seven charge points for visitors to use at Southampton Airport. They are free to use for people using the car park and are located in the short stay and priority parking areas. Six of the new points are for customer use and one is dedicated for airport vehicles. Dave Lees, managing director of Southampton Airport, said: “The number of drivers switching to EVs is increasing exponentially. These drivers need access to public charging as they go about their lives, and we need

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and the UK’s Office of Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV). The opening of the hydrogen station follows a number of recent Shell initiatives to support the UK’s transition to low-carbon transport. These include the launch of Shell ReCharge, Shell’s on-forecourt rapid electric vehicle charging service; an agreement with charging network operator IONITY to offer charge points across ten European countries; and the acquisition of NewMotion, one of Europe’s largest electric vehicle charging networks. E Read about Shell’s alternative fuel offerings on page 12

to make sure we’re meeting the needs of this particular group of customers. We’re also pleased to be helping build the UK’s charging infrastructure with this installation. “In the future, we may install more charge points, but for now we’ll monitor usage of these along with feedback from our customers. And, we’ll be tracking our C02 emissions to see what savings we are making in this area.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/ybf5aqqq


News

ELECTRIC MOBILITY

Majority of daily journeys could be done in an electric car, research finds Telematics data analysis by ALD Automotive has found that over three-quarters of daily journeys could be completed using a fully electric vehicle. Following ALD Automotive’s recent trial where 20 company car drivers were allocated Plug-In Hybrid Vehicles (PHEVs), the company wanted to see how many typical fleet drivers could realistically convert to fully Electric Vehicles (EVs) based on their actual driving profile. By looking at over 1,400 days’ worth of journey data available through the company’s ProFleet telematics system, ALD Automotive was able to identify where journeys made in a diesel or petrol vehicle could be replaced by an electric alternative. The study examined a random sample of company cars covering a total of 95,000 miles and 2,396 hours of journey time. The data found that 77 per cent of daily journeys were less than 100 miles a day and 52 per cent of daily journeys were less than 50 miles. The figures also show that only 12 per cent of daily journeys were over 150 miles and less than six per cent of all daily journeys analysed were over 200 miles. Matt Dale, consultancy services manager for

ALD Automotive, commented: “There is now an expanding choice of Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) available which can easily cover in excess of 100 miles on a single charge. “This means that over three‑quarters of all journeys in the data we sampled could be completed using purely electric power. With range improvements being made with each new model launched, it won’t be long before BEVs can comfortably exceed 200 miles. At that point, 94 per cent of journeys could be completed out of an Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) vehicle.” He continues: “Our findings were based on the assumption of a single daily charge so, as the public charging infrastructure improves, even more daily journeys will be viable in a BEV. It’s already possible to get an 80 per cent charge on the motorway in about the time it takes to grab some lunch, so I don’t think it will be long until refuelling an electric vehicle becomes just as easy as a refuelling a diesel or petrol on longer journeys.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/yc5ph2z8

INFRASTRUCTURE

Greater Manchester gets funding for 48 rapid charging points Greater Manchester had been granted £3 million to install even more electric vehicle rapid charging points. The Greater Manchester Electric Vehicle (GMEV) network is already one of the biggest and most modern in the UK, with 318 charging points. A government funding announcement means 48 more rapid charging points are the on the way for electric vehicle owners.

They will be installed next year in areas of Greater Manchester where they can best help to reduce high levels of air pollution. Mayor Andy Burnham has welcomed the news, saying: “It’s vital that we have the right charging infrastructure to support demand for greener travel.”

LowCVP’s Andy Eastlake

Conduits for clear communications are crucial

Last week, we were delighted to welcome so many Parliamentarians, friends and members to our 15 year anniversary in the House of Commons. It is a testament to the importance of this agenda that not only have government supported the LowCVP continuously (and have committed to continue that) but that also we have doubled our work over the last six years. This is perhaps also an indication of how complex the transport sector has become and how vital, clear and concise messaging is, if we are to take the market along this transformative journey with us. The need to get clear information on the undoubted benefits of cleaner and more efficient vehicles, to the people who need it (and make the ultimate decision what vehicle to buy and how to use them) is why we value the support of Greenfleet and also why we were delighted to welcome Lombard in association with NatWest as a member of LowCVP last week. With their major announcement of not only the success to date but of a further £10bn investment in the low carbon sector by 2020, there is no doubt that the direction of travel is towards lower emissions. But making that resonate with the person signing the cheque (or perhaps more commonly, lease agreement) for a new vehicle, is critical. The importance of the financing sector in communicating with the market, cannot be underestimated and is a focus for LowCVP over the next few years. With the silent revolution that has already happened in vehicle ownership (almost 90 per cent of new cars are financed, not ‘owned’) ensuring that low carbon vehicle benefits are articulated clearly through this sector is perhaps our most promising and powerful next step. With the plethora of changes to taxation, fuel economy, fuel pumps, CO2 figures and vehicle emissions which are coming over the next year, ensuring everyone is not only singing from the same hymn sheet to the same tune but is pronouncing the words the same way and at the same time will be absolutely vital for the market, industry and government to deliver overall success. The first step of this, are the revisions to the taxation of diesels and the complementary modifications to the new car label from April 1st (which LowCVP has supported). These ‘minor’ tweaks, are just the start of a communication campaign we will be building and which of course you will see both here in the pages of GreeFleet but hopefully through every low carbon transport channel and conduit.

FURTHER INFORMATION READ MORE tinyurl.com/ycadn6f8

www.lowcvp.org.uk

Volume 112 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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News

AIR QUALITY

Government launches £260m Clean Air Fund In order to help improve air quality in some of the most polluted areas, funding of over £260 million has been made available. The UK Plan for Tackling Roadside Nitrogen Dioxide Concentrations was produced by the government in July last year, and outlined that councils with the worst levels of air pollution at busy road junctions and hotspots must take “robust” action in the shortest time possible. As a result, the government has launched a £220 million Clean Air Fund to minimise the impact of local plans on individuals and businesses. Local authorities can put the money towards new park and ride services, freight consolidation centres, concessionary travel schemes and improvements to bus fleets. At the same time, more than £40 million from the £255 million Implementation Fund has been awarded to support local authorities take action as soon as possible to improve air quality. Twenty-eight local authorities with the biggest air quality challenges will

receive £11.7 million to help carry out the work needed to develop air quality plans, including securing resource and expertise. The same 28 local authorities will also receive £24.5 million to support a range of measures to take action locally. Examples include installing electric charge point hubs in car parks; junction improvements; bus priority measures; building cycle routes; incentivising ultra-low emission taxis through licensing schemes and leasing electric vehicles; and traffic management and monitoring systems. £2.4 million from the 2017/18 Air Quality Grant will also be put towards local community projects to tackle air quality at a grass roots level. This comes in addition to £3.7 million already awarded in last year’s Air Quality Grant, which included an award-winning project taken forward by Westminster City Council to provide advice and toolkits for small and medium businesses to reduce transport emissions from deliveries associated with their operations.

£1.65 million will also support the 33 local authorities that have been asked to conduct targeted feasibility studies to identify measures that could bring forward compliance dates within the shortest possible time. Environment Minister Thérèse Coffey said: “We have been clear that local leaders are best placed to develop innovative plans that rapidly meet the needs of their communities. “This funding demonstrates the government’s commitment to support the local momentum needed and continue to improve our air now and for future generations. “Improving air quality is about more than just tackling emissions from transport, so later this year we will publish a comprehensive Clean Air Strategy. This will set out how we will address all forms of air pollution, delivering cleaner air for the whole country.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/y8zcdmyd

INFRASTRUCTURE

HYDROGEN

Zap-Map launches two peer‑to‑peer charging networks

Aberdeen City Council welcomes first hydrogen road sweeper

Zap-Map has launched two new peer-to-peer EV charging networks: Zap-Home and Zap-Work. The networks are designed to allow charge point owners to share their charging devices with other EV drivers. With almost 50 per cent of electric vehicle drivers willing to share their home charge point with other users, around 60,000 EV charge points could potentially be added to the Zap-Home network, dramatically expanding the EV charging infrastructure available to other registered Zap-Map users. Zap-Home also provides the option for charge point owners to earn money by sharing their home point. Once registered, users can (if they so choose) set a cost per charge to cover costs, with users able to pay via PayPal. Me to improve convenience and security. While the new feature allows Zap-Home users to share their unit’s location on Zap‑Map, contact details are only visible to other registered users. Using the contact details provided, EV drivers wishing to use a Zap-Home charge point make direct contact the owner to arrange an EV charge. With more than 30 per cent of workplace charge point owners also willing to share, Zap‑Work provides a similar service for businesses and organisations wishing to share a work-based charge point for public or customer use. Targeted at businesses whose chargers are not part of an established public network, Zap-Work sharing details are

available for Zap-Map users, and contact, payment, and access requirements can be agreed peer-to-peer as with Zap-Home. Commenting on the launch Dr Ben Lane, CTO at Zap-Map said: “We are delighted to be bringing Zap-Home and Zap-Work to the UK EV market in response to the growing demand for charger sharing services. “Of our 60,000 monthly userbase, we know that around half are willing to share their home point with other Zap-Map users. “Businesses are particularly proactive with five per cent of workplace charging points already being shared, either for employee use or as part of improving customer service.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/yayyhrxv

The world’s first hydrogen road sweeper, which is a converted DAF truck, has been provided by ULEMCo to Aberdeen City Council. The cleaner sweeper has been adapted by retrofitting a standard EURO 6 DAF truck to run on both diesel and hydrogen fuel. Emission savings of around 30 per cent are projected from the refitting of ULEMCo technology onto the DAF truck, and the partners believe this makes it best in class for both CO2 and air quality emissions for this type of vehicle. The hybrid vehicle will use hydrogen for around a third of its use. It will utilise the Aberdeen City Hydrogen Energy Storage (ACHES) refuelling station, which makes hydrogen from renewable electricity. Cllr Philip Bell, Aberdeen City Council’s hydrogen spokesperson, said: “The delivery of this vehicle is part of our strategy to increase the deployment of hydrogen vehicles across the city and keeps us at the forefront globally by demonstrating the practicality and operational flexibility of hydrogen technologies. “Low carbon technology is already making an impact in Aberdeen and we are committed to continuing to push boundaries in the way we manage our own fleet. “Our investment in low carbon is significant and is part of our wider transport strategy, with a focus on infrastructure which is changing the way traffic flows around the city. All of these advances are bringing great benefit to Aberdeen.” READ MORE

Image courtesy of Andersen EV

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Volume 112 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Interview: Shell

Backing more than one fuel Moving towards a low carbon future means different fuels will co-exist, believes Shell’s Jane Lindsay-Green. GreenFleet finds out about the firm’s alternative fuels offer, including its new Recharge electric vehicle charging facilities and hydrogen stations When and why did Shell enter the alternative fuel market? There is one thread which runs through all of our activities: we always start with the customer. For me, this means listening to what the customer needs now, understanding what they will need tomorrow, and preparing for the future. In the context of the energy transition, alternative fuels are absolutely at the heart of this. As such, we have been researching the potential of these ‘future fuels’ for decades, exploring opportunities in hydrogen since 1990s, LPG (through JV with Calor Gas) since 2000, LNG, GTL, biofuels (since 2001) and EV charging. And this is a market we have earned a strong position in, our JV is a market leader in LPG and we are one of the world’s largest blenders and distributors of biofuels, and are committed to. In 2016, we brought all of this together under our newly established New Energies business, which – among other things – unites our existing activities across the company. Through this business, we are also looking at new areas for commercial investment, which includes a focus on future opportunities in transport fuels. Which alternative fuel do you think will dominate in the UK? During the transition to a low carbon future, different fuels will co-exist. It’s not a case of backing one fuel. All forms of drive train – the components which power a car – and energy sources will be required to meet the growing demand for mobility. At Shell, we believe customers have a right J000322 - ODO March T0004 GreenFDleet Magazine to decide which source of energy they need to power their lives. It is important that we

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offer our customers choice – from battery electric and hydrogen to LPG, LNG and biofuels. Some of these solutions will be suited to short journeys within urban areas, while others could be better for longer journeys between cities. All have a role to play. How has your initial Recharge facilities been received? We launched Shell Recharge It’s in October 2017, installing n o t a charge posts at ten of back case selected service stations in the UK in the London, fuel. A ing one Reading and Derby of drive ll forms areas. On-forecourt energy train and rapid 50kw charging require sources will be provides an essential d and convenient charging that take around growin to meet the solution for EV drivers, 30 minutes to charge gd and we have already most EVs which are on for mobemand had a really positive the road now, whereas the ility response from our customers Ionity network will support regarding the convenience and next generation electric vehicles. reliability of our Recharge offer. Ionity will provide high-powered chargers with power levels up to 350kW, which will What are your future plans for take just five to eight minutes to charge the Ionity network? How does a vehicle. Initially, Ionity charge posts will this fit in with Recharge? be made available at 80 of Shell’s biggest We are working to develop a full raft of highway stations in ten European countries. charging solutions which complement one another and will be required to What are your plans support a variety needs – this includes for NewMotion? Shell Recharge, Ionity and NewMotion. NewMotion is one of Europe’s largest EV Bringing electrification to the forecourt home and destination charging providers, and with Shell Recharge is just one of the is now a wholly owned subsidiary of Shell. We many ways we are offering our customers are therefore working closely together to be x 420mm_260318.pdf 1 26/03/2018 a broader choice of alternative fuels. 15:40 able to expand the choices we offer. We want Shell Recharge offers 50kW rapid chargers to give our EV customers choice and ensure

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that wherever they are – be that at home, work or on a long journey – they have access to reliable and convenient charging points. What are your thoughts on hydrogen? We know that a range of energy options are going to be needed to meet demand and make a lower carbon UK a reality. For me, that means I need to focus on developing a range of lower emission fuel options – available alongside petrol and diesel – to suit different vehicles and journeys. Hydrogen has the potential to be an important low carbon transport fuel in the future. Shell is active in hydrogen electric and we are part of several initiatives to encourage the adoption of hydrogen as a transport fuel. We already have two refuelling stations at Shell Cobham and Beaconsfield, with another one opening in early 2018.

We also have hydrogen refuelling stations in California, US, and Germany and are assessing future hydrogen fuelling stations in the US, Canada, Switzerland, Austria, France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. What greener fuels do you offer for heavy-goods vehicles? Shell is developing alternative fuels and is assessing a range of energy sources to continue serving the needs of our customers, whatever they choose to drive. This includes enhancing the efficiency of traditional fuels, as well as supporting the development of low-emission transport fuels such as hydrogen, synthetic diesel alternatives like GTL, LNG and LPG – alongside EV charging. Different types of vehicles and journeys have different requirements. For example, last year food wholesaler Brakes switched all its DAF trucks operating in the London

Jane Lindsay-Green, Future fuels manager, Shell UK

Interview: Shell

Shell / ITM Power hydrogen refuelling site in Beaconsfield

area to Shell GTL Fuel. In Europe, there are some 1,500 heavy-duty trucks running on LNG and Shell is already supplying LNG for transport in Norway and the Netherlands. How many Recharge facilities will you be putting in place this year? In 2017, we launched Shell Recharge at 10 selected locations in the UK. Those are all up and running now, and our plans for the further Shell Recharge locations will be informed by the usage of the service at our first ten locations. In terms of our fleet customers, we are working to ensure they are able to access all our charging offers, wherever they need them. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.shell.com

Volume 112 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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The way personal data is collected, stored and used is about to be shaken up with the introduction of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) on 25 May. Our experts share their advice on GDPR compliance and cyber security issues that could affect fleets While fleet operators are accustomed to complying with the Data Protection Act, they will need to prepare for some changes in the way they obtain, process and manage information once the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) comes into force on 25 May. The GDPR is the biggest change to data privacy legislation in over two decades. It aims to protect citizen’s personal data across Europe, so that all countries operate to the same standards. It also takes into account technological changes in the past twenty years, such as the dominance of smart phones and constant connectivity. The GDPR therefore covers the data gained from vehicle technology – which could pose some challenges to fleets. The AA’s Stuart Thomas explains: “The European Commission has ruled that data generated in a vehicle is the property of the driver and no one else. This clarification of ownership is going to add a significant compliance burden to the fleet manager’s role. “These rules will apply to fleets which use connected car technology. Fleet operators and managers must from this point provide evidence that consent has been given by all employees to collect data.” Advice for compliance The penalties for non-compliance of GDPR are significant, and while most fleet operators will have good data management practices in place, they should review policies in light of the changes. Stuart Thomas urges fleet managers to keep an audit trail to show that active consent in the form of a statement or written form is given. “This form should state whether or not the data will be used for private or business usage, and with whom it will be shared,” Stuart adds. With regards to transparency, Stuart says: “Managers must be clear with their drivers about why they are collecting vehicle journey data. Is it to reduce accident rates across your fleet? To improve efficiency and cut costs? Or perhaps all three. We recommend that this is information is laid out in a connected car data

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Stuart Thomas, director of fleet and SME services, the Automobile Association (AA) With more than 20 years’ experience in the fleet sector, Stuart’s extensive knowledge of the industry comes from roles across contract hire, disposal and related fleet services. His experience includes working with organisations including Nissan Finance and Lombard. Stuart joined the AA in 2000. Dan Regan, head of innovation, Lightfoot Dan’s background is electronic, automotive and clean‑tech engineering. Being responsible for maintaining Lightfoot’s market advantage through continual innovation, he has led many projects that have made Lightfoot the respected brand it is today. Dan works closely with academic, automotive and psychology departments to further develop the company’s approach. John Pryor, chairman, ACFO John Pryor is one of the best known personalities in the UK fleet industry. He has been chairman of ACFO, the leading UK representative body for fleet decision‑makers, since June 2014. In charge of the fleet at Arcadia Group, the leading fashion retailer, for almost 30 years, John has been an ACFO member for 20 years. usage policy which is shared with drivers.” Dan Regan from Lightfoot urges fleets to think carefully about their data and whether it is actually useful or if they could stop collecting it, as well as if it could be misused. He says: “I would say one of the biggest GDPR concerns for fleets operating connected vehicles is how the collected data is stored. What we’ve found at Lightfoot is that meticulous consideration to what data is collected and how it is stored can be used to create significant barriers to any data breach or misuse of data. I would recommend that businesses undergo a similar evaluation of data collection and storage.” ACFO has recently held a webinar on GDPR compliance, and has issued a five point action plan for fleets to work to. This includes

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knowing what personal data is held, knowing who has access to it, knowing how suppliers use data, what to tell drivers, and what to do with data loaded on vehicle systems. Regarding suppliers’ use of data, John says: “Partner companies must be asked and confirm what processes they have in place for managing data and be able to show secure data treatment. Most suppliers will be well advanced, but if no answer is obtained, action must be taken. Contracts should state what data fleets will supply and the frequency and the purpose for which it will be used by suppliers.” Before de-fleeting a company car or returning a hire vehicle, John advises that the data loaded on to vehicle systems is deleted. He says: “Satellite navigation

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Expert Panel: Mobility

EXPERT PANEL MOBILITY


Expert Panel: Mobility

systems and mobile phones contain a wealth of data. It is vital to remind drivers to ‘delete’ the data or reset to ‘factory setting’. Dan Regan believes that while the GDPR is heavily documented, it is still a grey area for many. He says: “Nobody really knows how far they have to go to mitigate risk, and so from our experience, we recommend speaking to an expert. It comes at a cost, but can your business afford the cost of missing something and failing to report a data breach? The fines under the GDPR legislation can be significant.” Vehicle hacking Connected cars are as vulnerable to hacking as anything else linked to the internet. In 2015, two security experts proved they could hack into a Jeep Cherokee and control its most vital functions remotely. Then in 2016, Mitsubishi recalled at least 100,000 cars after hackers remotely turned off the alarm system, drained the battery and controlled the lights. Realising the scope of the problem, last year the Department for Transport announced

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new guidance for engineers developing smart vehicles to incorporate tougher cyber protections to help prevent hacking. Stuart Thomas comments: “Vehicle hacking poses a potentially serious threat to drivers and fleets. It represents a new frontier in vehicle security, and these criminals are becoming increasingly sophisticated. However, the industry is well prepared to face this threat. Manufacturers are investing billions to make cars safer and more secure.” To avoid falling victim to vehicle hacking, Stuart urges fleets to ensure their vehicle software is up to date and to provide security training for all drivers to make them aware of the threat of leaving their vehicle in insecure hands. “Ensure

In 2015, two security experts proved they could hack into a Jeep Cherokee and control its most vital functions remotely

you are fully aware of the security features and capability of your fleet’s connected car technology, and if you are not, ask your provider for a full breakdown,” Stuart advises. Relating hacking to data protection, Dan Regan says: “At Lightfoot, we’ve been working with cyber security experts, Securious, as part of an Innovate UK project to investigate and maximise the level of cyber security in our connected vehicle technology. In terms of valuable lessons learnt, what we’d share with fleets to help them tackle hacking is two-fold. Firstly, the mindset at every stage of choosing and specifying a connected vehicle solution should be to question whether the data collected is actually needed. If you think you can cope without it, don’t collect it. “Secondly, don’t forget the human element. Yes, hacking can be a serious E Volume 112 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Expert Panel: Mobility

Final thoughts Stuart Thomas Autonomous and connected vehicles will become increasingly popular on our roads, and bring with them a greater degree of cyber security risk. The government has issued a new set of guidelines to encourage car manufacturers to make vehicle cyber security a priority, with minimum protections established to protect drivers from such risks as data theft or loss of vehicle control. The AA is working with our partners across the supply chain to prioritise cyber security and to mitigate potential risks to fleets and their drivers. Dan Regan We’ve recently spent a great deal of time at Lightfoot working with data security experts to ensure our systems comply with the new GDPR rules. It’s creating a lot of additional work for our engineering team but, hand on heart, it’s worth it. Privacy of individuals, and protection of company information, is central to the service we provide – and we were quick off the mark to investigate GDPR when it was announced. I would recommend to any business that they seek some level of professional advice and guidance on the GDPR. John Pryor Now is the right time for fleet decision‑makers to review and check all data collection and whether all information gathered is required. In the build-up to GDPR introduction it is also a good time to review policy and ensure drivers are fully aware. As such, ACFO has developed a five-point action plan for fleet professionals to adopt to ensure compliance with GDPR, which can be found at acfo.org. Fleet managers will already be doing much of what ACFO is recommending because it is common sense and good business practice, but it is important to have policies in place in light of the GDPR.

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Fleet operators are accustomed to complying with the Data Protection Act, but they will need to prepare for some changes in the way they handle data  threat. But sometimes, the more serious threat comes from lack of business protocol, or lack of awareness by an individual. The hacking event that’s keeping your MD up at night might well be visions of an IT genius sat behind a computer somewhere in the world, hacking into your connected vehicles. The reality, however, is that it’s the folder containing personal information about a driver that’s just been dropped on the pavement by someone in your operations team,” Dan adds. Autonomous vehicles There is a concern that self-driving vehicles are more susceptible to hacking and cyber attack due to their connected nature and because they have no driver to override systems. But the risk of cyber attack is a major part of the feasibility studies of autonomous vehicles so that safeguards can be put in place. ACFO’s John Pryor commented: “We are at the beginning of the journey towards connected and autonomous vehicles. There are numerous research projects and

trials taking place in the UK and around the world and vehicle hacking and cyber security are among the issues being addressed as part of those projects. Fleet professionals currently have many other issues to focus on and the reality is that while autonomous vehicles maybe the future, they are some way from being deployed on the frontline of fleet operations.” Dan Regan points out that connectivity, while susceptible to cyber risks, also acts as a safeguard because it allows you to track and monitor self driving vehicles. He says: “One of the anxieties embedded in the public domain is concerns over the ability for artificial intelligence to self-learn and re‑write its own code and behaviour. As unlikely as this doomsday type scenario is, this of kind of event could easily go undetected in a non-connected autonomous vehicle. So, as unlikely as that fear is in becoming reality, the connected world should give us some kind of peace of mind that we can monitor and track these new scary machines we call autonomous vehicles.” L


The approach taken all too often seems to xoxoxoxo focus on more restrictions, more control or more monitoring of drivers. For example, FURTHER INFORMATION stricter penalties have been introduced to xxx people from using a handheld device deter behind the wheel to limit distraction, and we are all familiar with telematics devices that track and monitor increasing numbers of fleet drivers. The result of all this is that drivers are often positioned as the problem. Time for another approach? Despite the stricter penalties and harsher punishments, road accidents are still far too common. And despite incentivising cleaner engines, much of the country resides within zones where the legal air pollution limit is breached to a dangerous extent. So, what can we do instead? Well, it just so happens that there is something every one of us can do, and if we choose to, it could make a huge difference: the kind of difference, for example, that might mean our government isn’t taken to court (again) for breaching air pollution limits. It would also reduce accident rates and cut the amount of fuel we are wasting. What is this solution? In a word (or two) it’s smoother driving. Driving in a smoother, steadier style can quickly reduce risk, lower emissions and cut waste. In other words, it is the common denominator that can simultaneously address all three of the major challenges we are discussing. What’s more, it works immediately and makes a difference in any vehicle type. At the end of last year, NICE (the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence) published a draft guideline about air pollution and suggested smoother driving could be a potential solution. However, the report struggled for any credible, practical suggestions in terms of how the widespread adoption of smoother driving styles could be facilitated.

because the way we drive is a deeply ingrained habit and changing behaviour like this cannot be achieved by retrospective analysis – it needs to be addressed in real time. The second key element to delivering change is meaningful, real-time feedback for the driver at the exact moment they need to adapt their driving style. We have found the human voice is extremely powerful and gives drivers a verbal nudge precisely when they start to leave their engine’s most efficient sweet spot. We have also learned that it pays to leave the driver in control – for example, a ‘three strikes’ approach is appropriate. Getting these first two elements in place is hugely powerful and can help deliver significant benefits as drivers rapidly adjust their driving style for the better. However, it is the third element where we believe the real opportunity exists. The key? Driver engagement. Drivers can be the solution if we enable, recognise and reward them for good driving. Instead of backing them into a corner, restricting their freedom and demonstrating a lack of trust in them, we need to empower them, offering them the tools to change themselves and

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We have several significant problems on our roads and our fleets. Most significantly, and Udae nonsend icidisquid quam elisimincim facepro et et,insed despite increasedutsafety standards in ournos vehicles, there are still more than 22,000 deaths quodi blaborum molorem aut ationse eumque laboribus or serious injuries each year in the UK from road accidents. In addition, air pollution from et quoditiat dolo qui de volecab orerisqui nitibusdae nullacianti our vehicles’ emissions is claimed to be responsible for 25,000 premature deaths each year. rest, sitiatis ut idem quodi consequat facimagnime pernatemquae We are also wasting billions of pounds because of unnecessarily poor fuel economy nimus earibus, tem ipsaest moluptatium es net et

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Are we 800 WORD overlooking EDIT our HEADLINE biggest opportunity HERE to AS TIGHT rapidly reduce AS POSS road risk? the incentives to make them want to. So, the third element to delivering real change is providing drivers with incentives to act as motivation, encouraging them to adopt and maintain a driving style that is better for the environment and less likely to lead to an accident. The bottom line is that we believe drivers should be seen as the solution rather than the problem. Let’s work with them, give them the right tools and make them want to do a better job by making it worth their while. And if this sounds a bit lovey-dovey, just consider the impact it can have. Allianz Insurance Plc, a leading insurer analysing fleets using Lightfoot (which is based on these principles) are seeing insurance claims drop by as much as 60 per cent, alongside increased fuel economy, reductions in wear and tear and a lowering of harmful emissions. This is a win for everyone and the idea of working with drivers is a far more sustainable solution than ever-increasing attempts to control what they are doing. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.lightfoot.co.uk

So how can we take smooth driving mainstream? First, and perhaps most obviously, you need to be able to tell whether the vehicle is being driven efficiently or not. However, this information only illuminates the issues with inefficient driving; it does not solve it. That’s

Volume 112 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Coffee Cup Crossword

Challenge

CROSSWORD

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2

3

4

Down

5

6 7 8 10

9

11

12

13 14

15

16

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Across

1

The production and discharge of gasses.

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A scientist who studies how animals and plants interact

2

Imperial equivalent to 28.35g.

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The institution the UK voted to leave.

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The fact or state of having commited a wrong doing,

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A Fractional monetary unit of 15 down.

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The sponsor of this page.

9

An expression of agreement.

13

Stands for Exempli Gratia in latin.

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A medical recording of brain activity.

14

Approximately 21% of the air we breath.

12

To set your wheels straight to improve tyre wear.

16

This address identifies each computer connected to the

15

The currency of Japan.

17

Growing old; aging.

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Across

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1. A scientist who studies how animals and plants interact with their environment. 6. The institution the UK voted to leave. 7. The process or means of causing the fuel in an engine to burn so that the engine begins working. 8. Shorthand for a U.S. South Eatern state. 10. The sponsor of this page. 13. Stands for Exempli Gratia in latin. 14. Approximately 21% of the air we breath. 16. This address identifies each computer connected to the Internet. 17. Growing old; aging.

ANSWER (FOR INFORMATION ONLY)

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WIN A TOPGAURD MINI DASH CAM Each correct answer received will win a Steertrak prize and will also be entered into a prize draw, with a chance to win a Mini Dash Cam. QUIZ WIN TOPGUARD A TOPGAURD MINI DASH CAM Each correct answer received will win a Steertrak prize and will also be entered a prize WIN A TOPGUARD MINI into DASH CAMdraw, with a chance to win a TOPGUARD Dashwill Cam. Each correct answer Mini received win a Steertrak prize and will also be entered

Word Puzzle

into a prize draw, with a chance to win a TOPGUARD Mini Dash Cam.

Wheel alignment commercial vehicles is a proven way to mpg, improve save tyresemissions. and reduce emissions. The Wheel alignment onon commercial vehicles is a proven way to improve save mpg, on tyres andon reduce anagrams below show wheel alignment terminology. Unscramble theand words and put your answer in The anagrams below showsome some common common wheel alignment terminology. Unscramble the words put your answer in the boxes. the highlighted to form a new word. the boxes. Use theUse highlighted boxesboxes to form a new word. Wheel alignment on commercial vehicles is a proven way to improve mpg, save on tyres and reduce emissions. C RbelowAshow some T E S wheel alignment terminology. Unscramble the words and put your The anagrams common answerKin the Cboxes.AUse the boxes to form a new word. R highlighted T M A N E R A C K C OR TA E T E S K CC RA ER AT M B M A N E R A C K O Text T‘ALIGNE GREENFLEET’ followed by your quiz answer and email address. Send to 66777 (standard text costs apply) C Alternatively A your Mfollowed B bytoyour Text R'ALIGNEGREENFLEET' quiz answer and emailAll address. Send (standard apply) email answer info@steertrak.co.uk. answer toto be66777 submitted by text 30thcosts April 2018. T&C’s apply. Alternatively email your answer to info@steertrak.co.uk. All answer to be submitted by 30th April 2018. T&C's apply.

Find the Steertrak truck

Text 'ALIGN GREENFLEET' followed by your quiz answer and email address. Send to 66777 (standard text costs apply) Alternatively email your answer to info@steertrak.co.uk. All answer to be submitted by 30th April 2018. T&C's apply.

We’ve hidden the Steertrak truck somewhere within this issue of GreenFleet. Find it and email info@steertrak.co.uk with the page number it’s located on, to be in with a chance of winning some Steertrak goodies.

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A MIXED-FUEL FUTURE FOR CVS

GreenFleet’s CV Roundtable discussed the challenges the commercial vehicle sector faces in greening its fleet. PLUS: Iveco’s alternatively-fuelled vans and trucks; CV Show preview; and an update from FORS


Advertisement Feature Written by Stuart Thomas, director of Fleet and SME services at the AA

Unlocking the door: Automotive industry support crucial to an electric future Keeping a fleet of cars, vans or trucks moving efficiently is central to the success of any business, and to the UK’s economy overall. As the fleet sector starts transitioning to alternative fuels, there will be inevitable casualties along the route – the most high profile and current of which is diesel Diesel accounts for two thirds of car and light commercial vehicle registrations for fleets across Europe. Around 95 per cent of fleets are made up of diesel or petrol-fuelled vehicles. Diesel is still widely accepted as the most economical fuel for long-distance journeys and transportation outside of major cities. But in five years’ time, nearly 65 per cent of SMEs and businesses expect to be using alternative fuels to power their vehicles, according to the second annual Operational Fleet Insight report the AA produced in collaboration in 2017 with BT’s Fleet Solutions. Under pressure How businesses will manage the move remains to be seen, but one thing is certain – they need our help to make this transition. Diesel as a fuel is under pressure by upcoming regulatory and legislative changes. Its reputation is in tatters, and businesses are paying heavily for the damage. For example, London introduced a Toxicity Charge, or T-charge in October 2017, which affects all vehicles travelling through central London. They must meet minimum exhaust emission standards or pay a £10 emissions fee, in addition to a daily congestion charge. Between 7 am to 6 pm, Monday to Friday, it now costs businesses £21.50 to drive each pre-Euro 4 vehicle in their fleets into London, which are typically diesel and petrol models registered before 2006. Small businesses are likely to be hit hard by the introduction of the Toxicity Charge, which almost doubles the cost of driving a vehicle through London during peak hours. Emission charges and taxes The change was forecast to affect around 10,000 pre-2006 vehicles. Other UK cities are considering following London’s lead in introducing emissions charges for polluting vehicles, such as Birmingham, Leeds, Nottingham, Derby and Southampton. From the introduction of Clean Air Zones and increased taxes for diesel cars, there is a much greater focus on the environmental impact of vehicles, and businesses need to take action to prepare their fleets. This regulatory squeeze on emissions is forcing fleet managers to review the long-term composition of their fleets, who are already

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being financially penalised, in some cases, for using a fuel that is deeply out of fashion. They are under increasing pressure to ensure their fleets are future-proofed and comply with any forthcoming targets that may be introduced. And yet, the lack of progress with the development of alternatives to diesel vehicles is a critical frustration within the operational fleet market. Managers are under pressure to investigate alternative fuel sources, but they either don’t believe they have enough information to make strategic decisions about future fleet composition, or they feel that there’s too little guidance on what a diesel-free future could look like. Making electric vehicles viable In sectors such as utilities and transport and logistics, vehicles are required to cover long distances and access hard-to-reach rural areas. The infrastructure doesn’t currently exist to make electric vehicles (EVs) a viable alternative in this instance to diesel and petrol vans. Managers tend to see electric and hybrid vehicles as suitable for specific jobs only, not for fleet-wide usage due to infrastructure, payload and journey length barriers. Our research found both infrastructural shortfalls and currently low levels of range are significant barriers affecting managers’ appetite for EV adoption. Indeed, 82 per cent of the managers we spoke to said that addressing both of these issues would make them more likely to adopt EVs within their fleet. Nearly 50 per cent of the industry believes the government should be pushing for greater EV infrastructure across the UK – if emissions targets are to be introduced, then

the government should be leading the way to make it easier to use alternative fuels. Making the most of the EV revolution With many businesses still cautious about how to incorporate electric and other alternatively-fuelled vehicles into their fleet, it is important that they work with strategic partners to help them make informed choices about how to reduce their emissions. Electric vehicles (EV) are part of a wider mobility approach and their usage is increasing. The AA is working closely with businesses, training them to make the most of the EV revolution. Adding alternative methods of travel into the traditional fleet offering and helping to manage customers’ travel itineraries could also lay the foundation for future business growth in mobility as a service. As a mobility enabler, we will help businesses move into the next step of the game – including EV adoption and autonomous technology. Fleets are the backbone of British business and need more guidance to help them to make the most of the upcoming EV revolution. The automotive industry as a whole must provide the support businesses require to help them to anticipate upcoming legislation and reduce costs. L FURTHER INFORMATION To find out more about the AA’s services for businesses, visit theaa.com/business. To download and view the report, visit bit.ly/2G05rsM


FUNDING

Kent County Council launches seven-week electric bus trial

New Ultra-Low Emission Bus Scheme announced

Kent County Council has launched its OppCharge Electric Bus Trial as part of plans to improve air quality. Working with Volvo and ABB, a Swedish‑Swiss engineering group, the electric Volvo 7900e produces no emissions and is driven by electric motors. It will operate as an additional hourly service – running on the Fastrack A route between Greenhithe, Bluewater and Dartford from March 21 to May 9. During the trial, the electric bus will recharge outside Greenhithe train station in under six minutes using Innovative OppCharge pantograph high-power charging technology. The OppCharge makes the range of the bus limitless by allowing the bus to charge at convenient locations along the line of route – in fact, a bus can charge within 30 seconds. The vehicle uses an electric driveline featuring an energy storage system used to power and electric motor drive system. The trial was launched by the Leader of Kent County Council Paul Carter on 20 March. Paul Carter said: “We are extremely grateful to Volvo Bus and ABB for bringing the vehicle and charging infrastructure to Kent and are proud to be only the second

local authority in the country to host this trial following an initial demonstration in Manchester in September 2017.” He added: “It has great benefits for improving air quality and reducing CO2 emissions which are important to all of us and will allow us to provide evidence that electric vehicles can provide both financial and environmental benefits for the council in the longer term. “If this proves a success it will allow us to build a case to roll out similar schemes across the country.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/y86eftye

GAS

A multi-million pound government investment to help councils and bus companies put more environmentally-friendly buses on the roads has been announced. The Ultra-Low Emission Bus Scheme is aimed at cutting emissions and ensuring cleaner and greener journeys. The programme will see local authorities and operators in England and Wales bid for a share of a £48 million fund, which they can use to buy new ultra-low emission buses and the infrastructure to support them. This is part of the government’s commitment through the Industrial Strategy to reducing greenhouse gas emissions across the transport sector. Transport Minister Nusrat Ghani said: “We are doing more than ever before to reduce greenhouse gas pollution across all modes of transport and we are committed to ensuring nearly all cars and vans are emissions-free at their tailpipes by 2050. “We are confident this scheme will encourage councils and operators to invest in these ultra-low emission vehicles – speeding up the full transition to a low emission bus fleet in England and Wales. The new scheme follows the success of the previous Low Emission Bus Scheme. This led to 13 organisations receiving more than £30 million between them – enough to put more than 300 new low-emission buses on the road by 2019. READ MORE

Building materials firm to use CNG truck

tinyurl.com/y8699xpu

Timber and building materials merchant Lawsons has taken delivery of a compressed natural gas Iveco truck at the LoCITY Fuels in Action Roadshow. Fitted with a fully electric Hiab crane, the custom-built 26-tonne vehicle is claimed to be the first of its kind to offer ultra-low emissions deliveries to the building industry in the UK. Iveco handed the Stralis NP HGV over to Lawsons at an event at Kempton Park Racecourse. It will be used for operations primarily around Greater London and be based at a depot in Camden – just half a mile from the nearest CNG-refuelling station. The vehicle features a body built by Colliers Truck Builders and a Hiab X-HiPro 142E-2 crane powered by an electric power takeoff for silent and efficient loading and unloading. The truck will emit 50 per cent less NOx emissions, 95 per cent less particulate matter versus Euro VI limits, and 95 per cent less CO2 when using compressed biomethane. David Harvey, group transport manager at Lawsons, said: “Once natural gas was identified as the only realistic alternative to diesel, we started speaking to manufacturers and Iveco demonstrated a real desire to make it happen. “The need to reduce emission levels,

UTILITY VEHICLE

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ELECTRIC BUS

particularly in the London area, is a major issue and we wanted to become an early adopter of this new technology. “We will be monitoring the performance of the Stralis closely, and if it performs well we are very confident about adding more natural gas-powered vehicles when we replace older diesel trucks in the fleet.”

READ MORE tinyurl.com/y97jcf7z

Waste firm invests in all-electric truck for street cleaning The Bristol Waste Company has purchased an Alke ATX 200E utility truck from ePower Trucks. It replaces a 10-year-old petrol-powered vehicle and will be used by the company’s street cleansing team to empty bins in pedestrianised areas of the city such as Harbourside, the Centre, and the Broadmead shopping quarter. Iain Fortune, fleet manager for Bristol Waste Company, said: “We wanted an electric vehicle that had a modern look and feel to it, had excellent carrying capacity and was efficient to run. The Alke utility truck was the only vehicle we looked at that met all of our criteria. “As a battery-powered vehicle it is very economical to run and a lot less noisy than the previous petrol-powered truck we had.” The ATX 200E is a road-legal electric truck that is quiet, emissions‑free and economical to run. Bristol Waste Company’s vehicle has a flat bed, providing a payload of 635kg. The powerful electric motor offers an additional towing capacity of 2,000kg. READ MORE tinyurl.com/ybtj2g9y

Volume 112 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Commercial Vehicle News

FREIGHT TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION

TRUCKS

Wincanton, Hovis and DPD take delivery of electric truck Hovis, logistics firm Wincanton and delivery company DPD have received keys of their first e-FUSO eCanter electric truck at the vehicle’s UK launch. The vehicle, which was premiered at the IAA, had its UK launch at London’s Print Works on 16 March. The FUSO eCanter is the first 7.5‑tonne fully electric truck. It has a battery capacity of 70kWh and a range of up to 62 miles, depending on the body, load and usage. The batteries are spread over five units, one centrally in the frame right behind the cab and two more on each side of the frame. They are water‑cooled lithium-ion batteries that provide a long service life, high efficiency, especially at high ambient temperatures, and compact construction of the battery units. The chassis load capacity of the 7.49 t vehicle is 4.63 t including the body and load. The vehicle

can be charged up to 80 per cent capacity within an hour with direct current at a quick charging station, or 100 per cent in seven hours with alternating current. Between them, DPD, Hovis and Wincanton will operate several eCanter trucks in their fleets for deliveries in and around London. Wincanton will add five FUSO eCanter trucks to its fleet of 3,600 vehicles, and the company aims to develop a UK-wide sustainable road transport and distribution system. DPD and Hovis meanwhile will run two vehicles initially.

READ MORE tinyurl.com/yb8kcvhk

ELECTRIC BUSES

Big Lemon bus company campaigns to expand its electric fleet

The Big Lemon has passed the halfway point in its campaign to raise £405,000 to bring its electric fleet up to six – the total required to run all of its Brighton & Hove routes with zero-emissions electric buses. The Big Lemon already operates two electric buses on its routes in Brighton & Hove, powered by solar energy generated on the roof of the bus depot. These buses were once diesel buses and have been converted into electric buses by Magtec in Sheffield. If successful, the company will be converting one more diesel bus, and adding three brand

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new electric buses to the fleet. Big Lemon has so far raised £215,800, leaving £189,200 to go to complete the task. The project is part of The Big Lemon’s vision that by 2030 every community in the UK has access to affordable, sustainable transport, using zero‑emissions vehicles powered by renewable energy and owned by the local community. It is supported by the Department for Transport and Brighton & Hove City Council.

LCRS Awards The entries are in and counted and the judges are deliberating. It’s a busy Becki Terry, time of year, with FTA looking environmental policy forward to announcing the manager, winner of the LCRS Leadership FTA in Carbon Reduction Award. The Leadership in Carbon Reduction Scheme is an industry‑led programme which aims to demonstrate to government that the logistics sector is contributing to climate change targets without the need for regulation or additional taxation. The programme is in its 8th year, and completely free of charge to members. It helps them record, reduce and report emissions. It is open to any company with at least one commercial vehicle and now has more than 130 members. The scheme can be incredibly effective for participating organisations. The most recent data shows LCRS members registered average emissions levels almost 13 per cent per vehicle km lower than the wider logistics industry. This reduction in emissions directly led to a similar saving in fuel costs. It’s clear that reducing emissions also saves money. Every year FTA, which administers the LCRS scheme, organises the Leadership Carbon Reduction Award to celebrate the work of the member organisations which are leading the way in making clean, efficient vehicle operations a priority. The awards are sponsored by Bridgestone Tyres, which sees the award as a key event in their calendar. Terry Salter, Truck and Bus Product Manager, Bridgestone North Region, says: “Bridgestone’s association with the Logistics Carbon Reduction Scheme is one of the most significant partnerships that we currently boast. Not only does the LCRS shine a light on key environmental issues in the freight transport industry, but it also celebrates best practice amongst members, who constantly go the extra mile to successfully lower carbon emissions themselves.” With the growth of planned Clean Air Zones, finding ways to operate commercial vehicles more efficiently and reduce emissions is becoming increasing important. Previous LCRS award winners are genuine flag-bearers. Take Howdens Joinery, for example, which won the 2017 award. The judges felt their submission demonstrated an extremely co-operative approach to carbon reduction. Their plan, which not only included their vehicle and driver fleet also considered their entire supply chain including shareholders, employees, customers, end users and suppliers. Howden’s National Transport Manager, Charlie Nissen, says it was great to have their innovation recognised: “Howdens was delighted to be awarded the LCRS Leadership in Carbon Reduction Award in 2017. This prestigious award is a reflection of our hard work and the ongoing commitment we have, as a business, to improve fuel efficiency, whilst reducing our carbon emissions.” The judges are deliberating at the moment. They are looking for operators which not only make increased fuel efficiency and reduced carbon emissions a priority, but also those who go a step further in introducing innovative operational and technological measures. The award will be presented at the Multimodal VIP awards dinner on the 1st May at the NEC Birmingham. I know everyone at FTA is very keen to see which organisation emerges victorious in 2018. With the benefits of LCRS, we know all the entrants are winners already. FURTHER INFORMATION

READ MORE tinyurl.com/ycs8g42h

www.fta.co.uk/lcrs

Volume 112 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Spotlight on: Iveco Written by Angela Pisanu

The greener options for powering trucks Uncertainty over air quality plans is putting a question mark over the future of diesel, especially for van and truck operators who rely heavily on the fuel. But interest in alternative fuels is huge and could see greener trucks entering the mainstream this year, according to commercial vehicle manufacturer Iveco Three in 10 operators are planning to consider alternative fuels as part of their vehicle purchasing in 2018, with a further 13.6 per cent undecided, according to last year’s Shell Rimula Truck Buyers’ Survey. The report says that if good intentions are converted into actual purchases in 2018, it will be a year of significant change for commercial fleets. Speaking at the Iveco’s State of the Nation conference, managing director Stuart Webster said that the interest in alternative fuels for trucks is huge. He said: “Until now, it’s been the early adopters who’ve set the pace when it comes to alternative truck fuels. But we’ve had more and more serious enquiries from major operators to get into gas-powered vehicles. In 2018, we will see alternative fuels moving firmly into the mainstream.” Iveco are steps ahead when it comes to offering commercial

vehicles powered by alternative fuels, with a product line-up of electric vans and gas‑powered trucks, as well as Euro VI diesels. Last spring, the company proved the viability of gas as a alternative to diesel for long-haul truck operations, with its Stralis NP completing the 837-mile journey from John O’Groats to Land’s End on a single fill of liquified natural gas (LNG). Iveco’s commitment to finding a more sustainable way to fuel trucks and vans has led them to win GreenFleet’s LGV Manufacturer of the Year award two years running, as well as the coveted title of Leader in Low Emissions Vehicles at the Air Quality Awards.

Iveco e th proved f gas, o viabilityStralis NP with itsg 837 miles travellinhn O’Groats from Jo d’s End on to Lan le fill of a sing G LN

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Sustainable vehicles This year, Iveco has enhanced its range of alternatively‑fuelled vehicles. Adding to the appeal of the gas‑powered Stralis NP, which reached its 1,000th customer last year, the new Stralis NP 460 has increased horsepower to

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

better meet the needs of the long-haul market. The trucks can run on CNG, LNG, or a combination of both. The double LNG tank version has a range of up to 994 miles. The trucks deliver up to 15 per cent less fuel consumption and up to nine per cent lower total-cost-of-ownership than a diesel truck. Noise is also reduced to less than 71dB. The Stralis NP 460 delivers a 99 per cent reduction of Particulate Matter and 60 per cent NOx reduction when compared to Euro VI limits. When biomethane is used, CO2 emissions are cut by 95 per cent. Biomethane also has the upper hand as it can be generated from sewage or waste, lessening our dependency on fossil fuels. It can also be produced locally, which reduces the need for transporting energy. The Stralis NP 460 is full of fuel-saving features, including a system to monitor and improve driving behaviour, speed and torque limiter, and low-rolling resistance eco-tyres. Companies also have access to Iveco’s fuel consultancy services. The truck also features Hi-Cruise drive system that includes GPS-based systems, such as predictive cruise control and gear‑shifting, to further its fuel efficiency. Stralis X-WAY Specifically designed for construction, waste and forestry applications, the new Stralis X-WAY has off-road capabilities, fuel-efficiency and safety. It also has the biggest payload in its segment, with a kerb weight of 8,845 kg for the Super Loader. The Stralis X-WAY can also be powered using natural gas, without compromising payload and performance. This is a benefit for construction logistics operations in urban centres, which may have restrictions on diesel vehicles and noise constraints. The X-WAY’s modular approach offers a choice of line-ups that can be tailored to match the exact requirements of every operation. A daily dose of power Also new to its new 2018 line-up, Iveco has launched the 

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come. We need Euro VI diesels for the good of the environment. We need the legislators to support that and be very clear in doing so. But we must also do everything we can to encourage the rapid up take of alternatives, because they undoubtedly are the future.” Stuart Webster sums up the fuel market for commercial vehicles: “Until now, diesel

has been the ‘one size fits all’ fuel for every one in road transport. Tomorrow, the right choice of fuel will depend very much on what you actually do.” L FURTHER INFORMATION www.iveco.com

Spotlight on: Iveco

new Daily Blue Power range of vans, which Iveco’s Chris Read explains “will be spearheading our market attack in 2018”. Ideally suited to urban transport operators, the range is available with three power sources: natural gas, electric, or ‘Euro 6 RDE Ready’. The Daily Hi-Matic Natural Power is the first compressed natural gas LCV with an 8-speed automatic gearbox in the industry. It delivers the performance and reliability that the Daily is know for, but adds more comfort and fuel economy, extra-low pollutants and CO2 emissions. The Daily Hi-Matic Natural Power complies with Euro VI diesel standards with 76 per cent less Particulate Matter and 12 per cent lower NOx emissions than Iveco’s Euro VI 3.0-litre diesel engine. CO2 emissions of the CNG engine are three per cent lower than those of the equivalent diesel version, in real driving conditions and in an urban context. The application of the Hi-Matic transmission to CNG further improves this performance, extending this gap to five per cent. If bio-methane is used to run the CNG engine, CO2 emissions can be very close to zero, with a 95 per cent reduction. The Daily Hi-Matic Natural Power achieves a 2.5 per cent fuel saving, on real urban cycle, compared to the CNG manual version. Cheaper pump prices of CNG compared to diesel translates into very competitive cost per km. In fact, if all factors such as fuel price, engine efficiency and energy value are considered, natural gas can deliver cost savings in excess of up to 35 per cent compared to diesel, Iveco says.

The Daily Hi-Matic Natural Power achieves a 2.5 per cent fuel saving, on real urban cycle, compared to the CNG manual version. Cheaper pump prices of CNG compared to diesel translates into very competitive cost per km

Electric power First launched in 2009, the Iveco Electric van has been through continuous upgrades and improvements over the years. 2018’s electric Daily has an extended range of up to 125 miles and its battery performance has been optimised for all weathers. The battery technology allows for a big payload, and in fast mode it only takes two hours to recharge. The Eco-Power driving mode and regenerative braking systems also enhance its efficiency. Clean diesels With all the anti-diesel sentiment in the headlines and in legislation, it is important to acknowledge that today’s diesels are cleaner than they have ever been. And because they are fuel-efficient, they are well suited to long-haul operations and contribute to lower CO2 levels and improving air quality. Stuart Webster commented: “Euro VI diesel engines are exceptionally clean. Even the legislators acknowledge that Euro VI diesels are clean enough to enter the most stringently controlled Clean Air Zones.” Iveco’s diesel Euro 6 RDE Ready Daily is the first LCV ready for 2020 real driving emissions regulations, three years ahead of 2020’s stringent environmental targets. Stuart Webster comments: “Diesel will continue to play a central role in what transport operators do for many years to

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Volume 112 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Logistics firm H Parkinson Haulage has added seven Iveco trucks powered by compressed biomethane to its fleet, to lower the emissions of its high mileage contracts. The firm’s general manager Steve Sugden explains how the vehicles are used and how they fit into the firm’s wider green goals What does H Parkinson Haulage do? H Parkinson Haulage (HPH) has more than 60 years of experience in the haulage industry covering the whole of the UK for next-day, two-day and three-day delivery including timed delivery, offering a 24-hour service. The company also offers warehousing for customer storage, on-site repair and maintenance for vehicles, and a DVSA authorised test facility. What led to the decision to buy alternatively‑fuelled trucks? We care passionately about our impact on the environment; it is not just the responsibility of supermarkets and global operators to reduce harmful emissions so as a family-owned firm, we took the decision to make significant investment in low-emission vehicles and trailers. These vehicles will be doing nearly a quarter of a million miles a year each – so it was vital for us and our customers to reduce their environmental impact. We trialled demonstrators from two manufacturers of natural gas-powered tractor units before selecting Iveco. These seven alternatively-fuelled vehicles are in addition to our 95-strong fleet.   How will the trucks be used? The seven Iveco trucks will be used on a dedicated contract, transporting lightweight fast-moving consumer goods from production site to regional distribution centres. Each vehicle will cover over 350,000 km per year on this operation.

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How are the Stralis NPs refuelled? The vehicles are fuelled at CNG Fuels’ Leyland site, which is only one mile from the regional distribution centre we deliver to. This was a key reason for choosing CNG powered vehicles. Research by Cadent Gas in 2017 found an 84 per cent drop in carbon dioxide emissions from HGVs using the UK’s first gas filling station connected to a high-pressure pipeline. What makes biomethane CNG a greener choice? Biomethane differs from fossil-derived CNG/LNG as it is emitted from the decomposition of food and animal waste, collected in an anaerobic digester and then injected into the grid. By using (bio)methane to power a gas vehicle the harmful effects of waste gases are significantly reduced, as only carbon dioxide and water remain after combustion.   How much are you saving in emissions and costs? The seven CNG vehicles using biomethane will have a well‑to‑wheel reduction in the region of 1,700 tonnes per year. Fuel costs are considerably lower but capital cost

How have the drivers taken to the new CNG trucks? The drivers are very happy with the CNG trucks. They have observed that the vehicle trim level and comfort is exceptional, noise levels are much lower than conventional diesel trucks, and the re-fuelling process is much cleaner, simpler and safer. Are you greening your operations in any other ways?  We have introduced a significant amount of longer semi-trailers (15.65m) to reduce the amount of miles we drive. We also monitor driver performance through telematics and conduct driver training. We are also in the process of trailing energy-efficient tyres.   What are your future plans for greening the rest of the fleet? As the refuelling infrastructure develops, we will review other operations to see if CNG is a viable option. As new technologies such as electric vehicles become viable, we will also look into using them.   What do you see as the biggest challenges for HGV fleets? The biggest challenges for the freight sector at the moment are driver shortages, fuel price, road congestion and increasing operating costs.   What advice would you give to other fleets looking to buy greener trucks? Fleet operators should make sure they understand what they are trying to achieve and trial all possible alternative technologies. They should fully understand all cost implications and measure total cost of ownership, not just fuel cost savings. What’s more, fleets should share their achievements with customers and the industry in general, as green publicity can open doors. L

Biomet han differs e from fo ss CNG/LNil-derived is emitt G as it e decompd from the food an osition of d an waste imal

FURTHER INFORMATION www.hph-group.com

Fleet Interview

Gas-powered greener logistics

of the equipment and associated running costs are considerably higher, so actual cost of ownership is yet to be seen.


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Taking the risk out of electrifying your van fleet There are lots of reasons to consider an electric vehicle – not least the ever-improving range and infrastructure, plus tax breaks and cost savings. If you lease, the advantages are even greater, as someone else deals with the depreciation and you can stay in the forefront of technological development. But what about electric light commercial vehicles (e-LCV)? An e-LCV isn’t just simply a van with a different kind of engine; it involves a different approach in terms of vehicle charging, vehicle usage and fleet management. LeasePlan has defined this step-by-step process to help you identify whether you already have a business case for moving to e-LCVs and how to go about introducing them onto your fleet. Alignment with your CSR goals and business strategy For e-LCVs to be introduced into the fleet successfully, business alignment is key. For example, is managing the environmental impact an important pillar of your company’s corporate social responsibility (CSR) objectives? It’s easier to convince your stakeholders, such as finance, HR and operations, of the benefit of introducing e-LCVs when there is a clear link with the company strategy. Is your organisation working towards emissions reduction targets? Cascading the corporate targets down towards the fleet category will support your business case for e-LCVs. Since light commercial vehicles usually account for a considerable part of a fleet’s carbon footprint, introducing e-LCVs will go some way to reducing it. Electric charging infrastructure The electric charging infrastructure in business locations requires careful planning and investment. With smart charging technologies such as load balancing and vehicle-to-grid, the installation, maintenance and servicing of the charge point locations entail the necessary expertise. Although most e-LCVs will typically be charged at the business location overnight, good public infrastructure is also necessary to enable e-LCVs to be topped up whilst out on the road. Take a look at Zap Map (zap-map. com) for locations across the UK.

smooth introduction – for drivers it also lessens ‘range anxiety’ around e-LCVs. Build the business case Once suitable locations and potential vehicles have been shortlisted, the financial business case needs to be supportive. It is advisable to compare vehicles in similar segments in order to calculate the financial impact, including all relevant cost elements – ensuring you present the whole-life-cost of the vehicles. For reasons of completeness, keep track of the non‑financial elements in the business as well – such as the risk of diesel bans and the potential environmental impact. Driver communication As with all change processes the introduction of e-LCVs into the fleet requires good change management. This should include clear communication and instructions to the drivers. An e-LCV must be used and handled differently by the driver, which is why it is recommended to organise a training course introducing the new vehicle. Clear instruction on braking is advised, for example, due to EVs having different braking power. Operational procedures related to charging and maintenance also need to be communicated to drivers. Showing employees that driving an electric vehicle can actually be enjoyable will support a quick and smooth transition. Monitor effects and share successes Demonstrating the benefits of an e-LCV will help to win buy-in from drivers and stakeholders alike. Early success stories – e.g. actual range analysis, positive driver feedback about the vehicle handling or carbon footprint achievements – should be

Usage and mileage profile of your LCVs Low-mileage LCVs with urban usage are usually a good starting point for replacement by e-LCVs. With the rise of Clean Air Zones, Low Emission Zones and Ultra Low Emission Zones – business continuity could come under pressure if traditional fuels are restricted within these areas. While the range of e-LCVs is improving as new models are launched, low mileage is still a preferred factor for

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communicated towards the stakeholders in order to maintain momentum for further expanding the number of e-LCVs in your fleet. Once again, ensuring clear alignment of e-LCVs with the company strategy and setting and monitoring relevant KPIs will support a swift transition. About LeasePlan With over 60,000 commercial vehicles, our experience and in-depth knowledge of these specialist vehicles means we’re able to understand customer needs and provide the vehicles that match them. In-life management capabilities seek to maximise vehicle uptime, while end-of-contract management completes the full vehicle lifecycle solution that LeasePlan offers. We firmly believe in the benefits of electric vehicles, which is why we are targeting net zero emissions for our entire fleet by 2030 – while our own employee fleet should get there by 2021. There are many ways we intend to reach this target, including customer education and helping develop a second-hand electric vehicle market. We also recently launched an electric vehicle pilot for large companies to help them see how a switch to an electric fleet is one of the easiest ways to cut emissions and tackle climate change. Alongside our own programmes, we are working closely with other global businesses as a founding partner of the EV100 initiative. This aims to fast-track the uptake of electric vehicles and the development of the necessary infrastructure. L FURTHER INFORMATION http://insights.leaseplan.co.uk lcv@leaseplan.co.uk 01753 802448


CV Roundtable

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The way commercial vehicles are powered in the future is likely to be very mixed – with no single alternative fuel acting as the ‘silver bullet’. This was the message that came out of GreenFleet’s Commercial Vehicle Roundtable, which took place on 23 March at London’s iconic Tower Bridge Commercial vehicles are the UK’s workforce, delivering vital goods and providing services for the country. Above anything else therefore, the vehicles have to be fit-for-purpose. So while the appetite to reduce emissions from commercial vehicle operations is there, if the greener alternative is not viable, it will not be used. While electric vehicles work for some, they don’t for others. The same can be said for hydrogen and gas. Meanwhile Euro VI diesel still remains the most viable option for many. So we are looking at a very mixed-fuel future, where a range of alternative fuels and powertrains will exist side-by-side to power the industry. This was the consensus from delegates at GreenFleet’s Commercial Vehicle Roundtable on 23 March. Sponsored by green truck manufacturer Tevva Motors and leasing firm Leaseplan, the roundtable hosted representatives from various commercial vehicle operators, including logistics firms,

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COMMERCIAL VEHICLE ROUNDTABLE

emergency services, airports, councils and challenges to overcome first before the healthcare organisations. Representatives mass‑adoption of greener fuels can from the gas, electric and hydrogen occur in the sector, delegates agreed. industries were also present, alongside a spokesperson for FORS – the Fleet Operators Overcoming electric concerns Recognition Scheme. The discussion was With regards to electric vehicle technology, chaired by motoring journalist John Curtis. there were concerns around the table over With such a broad range of organisations the range of the vehicles, the refuelling represented at the table, all with very infrastructure, the cost, and the lack of different operational requirements, skilled support, training and maintenance it was clear that a mixed approach to services after sale. And many in the room alternative fuels will work best. had been let down by immature electric “Diesel has been the answer for the last vehicle technology in the past. thirty to forty years, but the future David Thackray, sales and marketing looks like its going to be far director for Tevva Motors, a company more mixed,” commented that makes range-extended While Rob Wood, CEO of Gas electric trucks, explained how the app etite Rec. “The UK has a EV technology has moved to redu mixed fleet and so on since the early few c e emissio it will need mixed vehicles. He said “There’s ns from comme technologies.” an old adage that says the rcial veh But there are bird catches the there, i icles is early still many worm, but this E f th

alterna e greener viable, tive is not it wil be use l not

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CV Roundtable

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 is not the case for early electric vehicles, as many of the first EVs were not fit-for-purpose. But technology is clearly maturing nicely, with batteries and motors getting better.” David went on to say that while the options are not vast, they do exist and more will come in the imminent future. He said “As well as Tevva’s range-extended electric trucks, which come in 7 to 14 tonnes, other viable alternatives are emerging, such as the recently launched electric Fuso eCanter. Meanwhile

Mark Lovett Mark Lovett is the head of commercial vehicles at LeasePlan UK. He has 20 years’ experience working in the UK LCV market with manufacturers and leasing companies. Mark created and deployed LeasePlan UK’s long term LCV strategy, adding over 100,000 vans to the LP UK funded fleet, doubling its LCV fleet size.

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Commercial Industry Professional, Leaseplan UK

Event Sponsor

Volvo has announced they will launch an electric truck at the IAA show in Hannover in September.” Applauding progress Amanda Lyne, chair of the UK Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Association, and managing director of Ulemco, raised the point that there should not be an obsession with zero emission at this time, because “the danger of doing ‘all or nothing’ is that you don’t do anything.” Given the limited zero-emission alternatives for commercial vehicles, making a percentage improvement should be applauded, whether that’s using ultra-low emission vehicles, or only using zero-emission vehicles in certain operations where it is viable, Amanda believes. Iqbal Gill, procurement manager at Heathrow Airport, echoed this thought, saying that in the airport they operate a mix of electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs). “The PHEVs are doing 30 to 40 miles a day,

and while it’s not zero‑emission, it is a better option,” he said. Also in agreement, Rob Wood said: “There are choices out there, but not all are zero emission. If you accept that emission reduction is a good thing, then you open up a different set of options that are practical.” Sharing his experience of managing customers’ expectations on where electric vehicles will or won’t work, Mark Lovett, commercial vehicle specialist at Leaseplan, said: “Once we have sat down with customers and had a proper understanding about how they use their vehicles, we might say, ‘actually electric is not going to be right for that particular vehicle or division, but it would work in that one’. “We’ve seen some customers giving up on the idea that they need to change 50 per cent of their fleet to electric, but are happy with ten or 15 per cent because that is what’s realistic. It is still a great improvement and one that should be commended.” Mark continued: “The fit-for-purpose

With regards to electric vehicle technology, there were concerns around the table over the range of the vehicles, the refuelling infrastructure, the cost, and the lack of skilled support, training and maintenance services after sale

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David Thackray Sales & Marketing Director, Tevva Motors Mark Lovett Commercial Vehicle Industry Professional, Leaseplan UK ———

Event Chair John Curtis, Motor Journalist ———

Delegates Chris Dixon Transport & Plant Operations Manager, Eurovia (UK) Ltd   Rob Ellis Divisional Fleet & Plant Manager, Ringway   Andy Wilson City Logistics Manager, TNT Express UK element is crucial when it comes to alternatively‑fuelled vehicles. We have a client that uses electric vans, doing 50 miles in and out of London. That particular vehicle application is perfect for them – saving on congestion charging, fuel, repair and maintenance. But as soon as you start to deviate from that ‘perfect

Iqbal (Ickie) Gill Procurement Manager, Heathrow Airports Limited Michael Cook Senior Fleet Engineer, Babcock International Group   Georgina Smith Fleet Manager, Healthcare at Home Ltd   Rob Wood (Gas) CEO, Gas Rec   Norman Harding Corporate Fleet Manager, London Borough of Hackney   Mark Waby Procurement Category Manager – Fleet & MHE, Kuehne+ Nagel Ltd   Graham Tilllett Head of Fleet, British Transport Police Paul Wilkes Business Services Manager, FORS Amanda Lyne (Hydrogen) Managing Director, ULEMCo Ltd scenario’, EVs become more of a challenge.” Georgina Smith, fleet manager at Healthcare at Home explained how it is crucial for the EVs to be fit-for-purpose in her organisation. Healthcare at Home delivers high value medication to patients in home. It is a national company with 160,000 patients. The fleet comprises 450 cars and 170 dual temperature LCVs that need to have a continuous supply of electricity for

CV Roundtable

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Sales & Marketing Director, Tevva Motors

GreenFleet Commercial Vehicle Roundtable event delegates

David Thackray David leads the process of bringing the ground-breaking, range-extended electric trucks to market, moving to full production and managing Tevva Motor’s fast-growing order book. David has an innate understanding of and commitment to the freight industry, coming from five generations of transport contractors. That background is invaluable as he works with clients to ensure they achieve their sustainable freight goals. the medication. After two years of work analysing the business, 23 drivers have been highlighted as suitable for electric driving. While this is a small percentage, it is still a step in the right direction and one that will still make a significant impact on emission reduction, the group agreed. Heavy goods There was a general consensus round the table that for heavy goods vehicles, it is hard to find an alternative to diesel. Gas vehicles stand out as a possibility, and Rob Wood spoke about a trial that the Department for Transport is doing with Innovate UK to test the latest gas vehicles in Millbrook and compare them back-to-back with diesel to get true answers about their performance. Taking the conversation to biodiesel, Norman Harding, corporate fleet manager E

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“We’ve just started doing formal emissions testing on HVO at Millbrook. The first test we did, based on a multi-drop parcel delivery round, got 69 per cent NOx reduction at the tail pipe and an 11 per cent carbon dioxide reduction. It is made from used cooking oil so it is already inherently carbon efficient”  at the London Borough of Hackney, spoke about the work he is doing with hydro‑treated vegetable oil (HVO). He said: “We’ve just started doing formal emissions testing on HVO at Millbrook. The first test we did, based on a multi-drop parcel delivery round, got 69 per cent NOx reduction at the tail pipe and an 11 per cent carbon dioxide reduction. It is made from used cooking oil so it is already inherently carbon efficient.” Norman is so convinced on the effectiveness of HVO that he said: “Where I can’t use electric power for my vehicles, I will be looking to use HVO and we could be emissions free in 18 months time.” Lack of training and support Another issue that came up during the roundtable discussion was the lack of training, support, and maintenance for new vehicle technologies and fuels. Rob Ellis, divisional fleet and plant manager at Ringway said: “As technology changes, unless your service provider is up-

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to-date, you can have issues with support and maintenance down the line.” Pointing to a wider issue, Graham Tillett, head of fleet at British Transport Police said that there is not enough of the right type of people coming into the industry, with the expertise to deal with modern vehicles. He said: “We have it all the time – whether it’s a problem with an EV or just diagnosing a fault, if the computer doesn’t tell the engineers what the problem is – everyone is scratching their heads.” Chris Dixon, transport and plant operations manager at Eurasia UK explained the problem he has in getting any training from the EV manufacturer for the company’s ten electric vehicles on the Isle of White. Norman Harding has also experienced this problem, saying he has been told that EVs are “too high voltage” as an excuse for not providing training. “You have to get it written into tender process that the dealer will provide training to the appropriate standard,” Norman advised.

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

David Thackray explained how they deal with maintenance at Tevva Motors. He said: “We’ve designed the system in a modular fashion, so that if there is a problem with the batteries, it can be sorted in 45 mins, likewise with the motors or generators. So the vehicle downtime is low.” David also explained how the vehicles can be monitored remotely to prevent failures happening in the first place. He said: “We can monitor the temperature of the battery and motor, for example, and if we see things moving out of design parameters, we can call the client up and sort the problem, if there is one. You don’t have to wait for a failure.” To sum up discussions, event chair John Curtis raised some questions. He said: “Round the table there is lot of knowledge and experience of alternative fuels that can work on a genuine operational cycle. But how do we share that message across businesses effectively? And how do we use our knowledge and experience to shape policy?” L

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quodi blaborum utheavily molorem aut ationse nostoeumque laboribus To date, the focus has been it’s important be clear about battery on but increasingly world technology nitibusdae and EV operatingnullacianti costs. etcars quoditiat dolothequi de volecab orerisqui of commercial freight trucks is also All batteries, no matter what kind will give rest, sitiatis ut idem quodi consequat facimagnime pernatemquae moving towards fully electric drive. different range capability under different earibus, ipsaest esespecially net etrelated to temperature nimus According to researchtem by Kings College,moluptatium conditions, heavy goods vehicles (HGVs) are responsible – when it’s really cold, range will always xoxoxoxo for an equivalent amount of total pollution be reduced, sometimes quite substantially. to diesel cars despite being far fewer in Consequently, the ‘simple’ EV (without a range number – that in turn equates around extender) might typically give a maximum FURTHER INFORMATION 22 per cent of the total NOx pollution in a range of, for example, 80 miles, but on the xxx such as London. The case for greener city most disadvantageous day that might drop trucks could not be clearer, but making an below 50 miles. As a result, vehicle operations electric truck fit for purpose is a different teams with a need to be absolutely certain that proposition from that for an electric car. the truck will get to the customer and back to If an electric car owner forgets to the depot, make management decisions based charge the car or it breaks down, they on the ‘worst case scenario’ and deploy the can still get to work by alternative means. EV on routes typically not exceeding 40 miles. If an electric truck fails, customers are That might be OK for the marketing and CSR let down, sales are lost, reputation is departments but it doesn’t make economic damaged. It is therefore unsurprising that sense from a transport budget perspective. fleet owners and operators have been Simply put; needing a battery range twice as cautious and reticent in the reception they big as you typically use is uneconomic. have given to electric trucks thus far. The flip side of all this is that every mile Tevva Motors, a Chelmsford based company covered under grid-charged battery power is changing all that. Tevva’s founder and CEO, is massively cheaper than one powered by a Asher Bennett understood that range anxiety diesel engine. Tevva’s telematics data shows was the barrier that had kept transport fleets a cost of between six and seven pence per sceptical about electric vehicles and loyal to mile running on batteries; that equates to a diesel. At one level, the solution was obvious: saving of around £30 per 100 miles run. get rid of range anxiety. The clever trick was how that would be achieved without So where does the range compromise and in a cost effective way. extender come in and Tevva’s solution was as elegant as it how does it work? was simple; add a range-extender to the In a nutshell, it makes it 100 per cent riskelectric vehicle system. The addition of this free to run the truck’s battery to zero, small on-board generator to the vehicle every day. That means double the pollution transforms both its capability and its operating reduction and double the cash saving. economics, not to mention its contribution In turn this takes the EV from being to cutting pollution. To understand why, cash negative to cash positive.

Tevva’s solution is fully autonomous and governed by their patented Predictive Range Extender Management System (PREMS). The PREMS algorithms determine exactly how much energy the vehicle needs to complete its day’s work and whether the range extender will be required on that day. If the range extender is needed, PREMS determines the optimum time and place for it to be deployed using GPS data and therefore ensures that the range extender use is both minimised and kept away from city centres. The Tevva range extender is capable of generating sufficient electricity to sustain the vehicle’s battery indefinitely under all driving conditions and hence neither driver nor operator need worry if they see the battery charge running low. David Thackray, Tevva’s sales and marketing director takes obvious pleasure in noting that the furthest he’s taken a Tevva truck between plug-in charges is over 450 miles, whilst also beating 100 miles on battery alone. Tevva trucks are available via a full repair and maintenance operating lease under which an operator can be at least £150 better off in cash terms every month from month one. That’s based on a monthly fuel saving of £600 whereas monthly rentals are typically just £450 per month greater than equivalent diesel trucks (also removing the prior barrier of high up front capex). Perhaps no surprise then that fleets both large and small are taking delivery from June this year. L

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It doesn’t seem very long ago at all that the debate around electric vehicles was firmly rooted in the question of whether they could ever displace those powered by internal combustion. In what seems scarcely more than a heartbeat, the question has become: “how long will it take?”

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Taking place 24-26 April, the Commercial Vehicle Show will show visitors the latest vehicles, products and services to help them operate and maintain a safe and efficient commercial fleet The future of the road transport, distribution a great three days”. Amongst the advanced and logistics will be at the forefront of technologies appearing at the show will be the the 2018 CV Show, which takes place on latest in driver safety and assistance systems, 24-26 April at the NEC in Birmingham. cloud‑based vehicle management software, and At the heart of this year’s show will be innovative production techniques that reduce the latest technological innovations, waste, improve quality and increase efficiency. advances in design and manufacturing, and concepts for the products of tomorrow. The vehicles Highlighting the technical innovations The Commercial Vehicle Show offers visitors the occurring in the sector, the CV Show chance to see a range of vehicles, products and Innovation Hub will be returning for 2018, services that can help them to operate a safe, following its hugely popular debut last year. efficient and effective commercial vehicle fleet. The Innovation Hub will run continuous Vehicle manufacturers exhibiting at the sessions each day and a line-up of industry 2018 Show include MAN Truck and Bus, speakers is being assembled. Citroën, Fiat Professional, Ford, Isuzu, This free‑to‑attend forum is Iveco, LDV, Mitsubishi, Nissan, At designed specifically for Peugeot, Renault, SsangYong, rt a e show visitors and their Toyota and Volkswagen. h e h t ’s businesses to prepare Renault Pro+ r a e for the years ahead. Commercial Vehicles of this y be the l il Already lined up are will display a range of w show hnological experts from DVSA, vehicles on its stand, c TRL, Autogas, the latest te ns, advances led by the Master Z.E., io World Economic Forum, the second all-electric innovat nufacturing, Skills for Logistics and panel van added to its in ma products FreightShare Lab. range, with deliveries e h t Andy Salter, managing starting in Q4 2018. d n a w director of Motor Transport, Well suited to urban tomorro f o the publication hosting the deliveries Master Z.E. uses hub, said: “There is so much technology from the multi innovation going on in the market, it award‑winning Kangoo Z.E.33 makes the Innovation Hub a really exciting to offer customers a well-tested and initiative,” explained Andy. “We’re building a reliable all-electric drivetrain, with a real programme with some great speakers world driving range of 74 miles. who will be talking on a range The Kangoo Van Z.E.33 will also of topics: Truck platooning, be making an appearance with autonomous vehicles, a fridge van conversion. truck technology, With its own bespoke alternative fuels, power unit integrated collaboration, blockchain. It’s going to be

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CV Show 2018

Queueing for the latest commercials

into the van, the fridge unit does not draw power from the 33kW battery and therefore does not reduce the real world 124 mile range. Other highlights include a UK debut for the latest Trafic Camper Van conversion, with a pop-up roof, rotating front seats, solar panel and foldout bed just some of the features. The new Aluminium Tipper fitted to the Master double cab will also be on show, with the conversion weighing less than conventional steel-bodied tippers, the payload is higher. Renault Tech is the line of factory fitted conversions offered by Renault. On display from the range will be the Master temperature controlled Pharmaceutical delivery van. With legislation now demanding many pharmaceuticals are delivered by temperature controlled vehicles the addition of a factory fitted conversion to the Master range significantly enhances the customer proposition. In addition, the Renault Tech Master parcel delivery van will make its first appearance in the UK. With a walk-through bulkhead and racking designed in conjunction with UPS, this factory fitted conversion is ideal of parcel delivery companies. Finally, the Trafic Formula Edition makes its first appearance since deliveries started, fitted with the Renault exclusive ‘Ready4Work by Sortimo’ racking system. It enables users to adapt the load area to suit the job in hand. Business packs Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles will be showcasing its Caddy, Crafter and Transporter vans, as well as explaining its new range of specification packs tailored to suit the needs of businesses large and small. The packs add items of specification which business customers most frequently specify. Not only E

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it clearly demonstrates the diversity and adaptability of the UK’s LCV sector. “Not only do we have key manufacturers offering British customers some of the best vans and light trucks in the world, but we also have UK-based convertors and specialists who are able to transform those vehicles into bespoke products that are built for very specific purposes, in turn creating jobs and providing vital revenue to the UK economy.” Heavy goods vehicles With Brexit, new technology and air quality measures are driving change in the way goods move across borders and through the supply chain, logistics has never been more important to the UK. The Commercial Vehicle Show will showcase the latest heavy-goods vehicles serving the logistics sector. Cartwright Group, for example, will be showcasing the latest designs of their vehicles. Improved fuel consumption, urban delivery solutions and increased capacity are themes which will feature highly in the Cartwright products being displayed this year, all designed to meet ever increasing market demands. Staff from Cartwright will be on hand to give a guided tour of the vehicles being presented at the show and to discuss the Group’s full life service offering including in-house financing, rental and fleet management. Cartwright Conversions will be running its own stand displaying their most popular welfare and racking vehicles, having gone from strength to strength in the past 12 months to increase its product range and production capabilities.

Workshop and Cool Zones Following the continued success and popularity of two specialist sectors, the show will once again feature Workshop and Cool zones, which will be features in themselves. The Workshop zone in Hall 4 will be the shop window into a massive range of products covering everything needed to keep vehicles running at maximum efficiency, from OE components and replacement parts to maintenance management systems, garage, workshop and bodyshop equipment. For those transporting temperature‑controlled goods the Cool zone in hall 3A is an essential visit. A huge range of refrigerated vehicles and bodywork, side by side with the latest fridge units, monitoring equipment and other products specific to cold chain operations will be on display.

CV Show 2018

 has Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles worked with customers to establish what they need on their vans, it’s also collaborated with influencers, resulting in a residual value uplift of up to £450 on models with business packs. The Caddy business pack can be added to the Startline model for £950 and adds an alarm, rear parking sensors and air conditioning (saving £520 if you were to add these options individually). This is on top of an already generous spec which includes front assist including city emergency braking, a five-inch colour touchscreen infotainment module, leather multi-function steering wheel and electric windows with electrically heated and adjustable wing mirrors. Prices for the standard Startline start at £14,155. Two petrol and two diesel engines are available. The Transporter, Volkswagen’s best-selling van is also available with a business pack on Startline models for £975 (saving £510 if you were to add these options individually). In this case, an alarm, rear parking sensors and air conditioning are also added, and are joined by a bulkhead. Prices for the Transporter Startline are from £19,870. A business pack with alarm, front and rear parking sensors and air conditioning can be added to Startline and Trendline Crafter panel vans for £1,250. In addition the pack for the Crafter adds two remote folding keys with the alarm and an overhead storage compartment in the cab to store documents and other items (saving £1,320 if you were to add these items individually). Prices for the Crafter start at £24,640. Commenting on the line up of vans, CV Show director, Rob Skelton, said: “One of the great things about this show is that

Vehicle tracking Vehicle tracking specialist Trakm8 will showcase its RH600 4G telematics camera, which was launched last year to selected fleets including Iceland Foods and Calor Gas. It is now in full production at Trakm8’s UK manufacturing facility in the West Midlands. Integrating telematics with live‑streaming dash cam technology in one compact device, the RH600 provides fleet managers with the insights they need to improve safety and reduce costs. The combination of a camera and a telematics unit minimises the cost and down time of buying and fitting separate devices. It also means that users only require a log-in to one portal in order to access both vehicle tracking data and camera footage. E

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CV Show 2018

 The leading-edge 4G dash cam can be fitted with either a single or a dual camera that monitors the driver as well as the road ahead, delivering a combined 280˚ field of view. The camera has live‑streaming functionality and is designed to deal with low-light or high‑contrast lighting conditions. It also features a full suite of telematics applications, including vehicle tracking, driver behaviour, CAN Bus and tachograph integration, and Trakm8’s market‑leading vehicle health alert capabilities. Colin Ferguson, managing director of Fleet and Optimisation for Trakm8, said: “The RH600 helps simplify the fleet manager’s job, by combining all of the safety, efficiency and productivity benefits of vehicle telematics and dash cams into one leading-edge device. It is also able to integrate with our route optimisation and scheduling algorithm. “By ensuring vehicles take the shortest possible routes and are using the least amount of vehicles, businesses can increase productivity and further reduce fuel costs.” Compliance Confidence Index The Freight Transport Association (FTA) will be offering personalised demonstrations of its new Compliance Confidence Index (CCI) software at the CV Show. The index is a unique online service that allows vehicle operators to carry out an assessment of their compliance activity, pinpointing aspects of good practice and areas

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which may need additional attention. CCI is available free to all FTA members and not only helps to highlight areas of concern, but offers practical measures to address compliance issues across all aspects of vehicle operations and the chance to build bespoke action plans. FTA’s head of membership, Al Richardson, says the software is an exciting new way for firms to review and improve confidence in their compliance activities: “I am convinced the Compliance Confidence Index offers a revolution in the way vehicle operators manage and monitor their compliance. It gives them the opportunity to benchmark their performance against their own work over time and continually review their confidence.  “CCI is offered as a free and exclusive benefit to all FTA members. I would encourage any vehicle operator, whatever the size or make-up of their fleet to book a demonstration of CCI at the CV Show 2018 to see what FTA membership can achieve for their business.” Other highlights from the FTA will be demonstrations of other elements of the FTA’s cutting-edge Vision software which offers, not only tachograph analysis, but the chance to view all of your vehicle inspections and audit reports in one place, making it faster and easier than ever to manage, control and analyse fleet data. Van fleet operators are invited to free

seminars, including screenings of FTA’s film ‘One Fateful Day’. They will learn about the importance of running compliant and responsible corporate van operations and discover practical approaches to managing and minimising risk. A one-stop-shop From truck, van and trailer manufacturers to fork lift trucks, insurers, tyre companies, telematics, training providers and fuels and lubricants suppliers, the CV Show is the one-stop-shop for everyone involved in the CV world. “Once more the CV Show is providing the best opportunity of the year for visitors to meet all of their sourcing needs under one roof,” said Rob Skelton. “From truck, van and trailer manufacturers through to ancillary service providers, there is no better business-to-business environment for any individual or company involved in the road transport industry. The bigger show area in 2017 was a huge hit and saw over 400 exhibitors and more than 20,000 visitors yet again. To get the most from the event and all the latest information we encourage visitors to register now for a free entry pass, ensuring they receive important updates in the run-up to the event.” L FURTHER INFORMATION www.cvshow.com

Volume 112 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Going beyond compliance Fleet operators, and especially those working in towns and cities, face a dazzling array of compliance issues. FORS takes compliance to the next level and provides a pathway to operational excellence Compliance may be seen as an encumbrance, but it is there for good reason; delivering a base level of operational standards to which all must adhere. By extension, FORS – a voluntary fleet accreditation scheme – is about taking compliance to the next level and to provide a pathway to operational excellence. Moreover, the FORS ambition is to make best practice a day-to-day objective out on the road, in the traffic office, and throughout the industry, raising standards, and reducing environmental impact. FORS provides its members with comprehensive training, advice and guidance, designed to assist with the many issues surrounding not only compliance, but also legal requirements and legislative updates, all with a focus on increasing safety, boosting efficiency and promoting environmental protection. A step beyond compliance Operators, and especially those working in towns and cities, face a dazzling array of compliance issues. Often without consultation, operators are expected to accept, learn and implement new legislation or contractual requirements into their fleets, not to mention the attendant increase in costs with which it is accompanied. For fleet managers, FORS exists to educate and advise on the wide‑ranging aspects of commercial vehicle operation. FORS Practitioner workshops, now numbering ten with the introduction of the latest ‘Managing noise in logistics’ module, provide a fully comprehensive training programme for managers. Graduation from which can be taken at an individual’s own pace, and always with the ultimate goal of laying the groundwork for them to go above and beyond basic compliance and to achieve operational excellence through best practice. For drivers too, whether they’re behind the wheel of a van or a 44-tonne GVW artic, education and best practice guidance exists in the shape of Safe Urban Driving (SUD), cycle safety, a course for van drivers, and more besides. Drivers are almost always at the sharp end of operators’ transport activities, and certainly the most visible, so compliance is a basic requirement, whereas attention to best practice can bring tangible commercial benefits. “Compliance is one side of the coin,” as CILT chief executive, Kevin Richardson, rightly pointed out at the FORS Members’ Conference, “the

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other,” he said, “is ethics.” He went on to say, “FORS accreditation can be an ethical decision – for your employees, your shareholders and for society. It shows you go beyond compliance and differentiates you in a competitive industry and enhances your reputation as an operator.” A drive for better standards And that goes to the heart of FORS; a drive for better standards of road transport that will impact not merely on all operators regardless of their fleet make-up, but other road users, particularly vulnerable road users, and the wider public. Accordingly there is, of course, a responsibility among vulnerable road users, namely cyclists, to understand and guard against the dangers presented by commercial vehicles in towns and cities. Commercial advantages also exist thanks to FORS membership becoming increasingly important for specifiers when buying-in their transport requirements. FORS, in short, can get you shortlisted. Increasingly across the UK and Ireland, the FORS sticker is becoming recognised as a symbol of operational best practice inside and outside of the transport sector. FORS is much more than a compliance tick-box. Although a thorough understanding of compliance, what it means and how to master it, is a fundamental skill required by any transport professional. With FORS providing guidance and training, the intricacies of compliance can be taught while a subsequent focus is placed on the more holistic attitude toward best practice. And, with safety very much at the heart of this mind-set, productivity can be boosted at the ‘front-line’ of operations through more defensive driving performance giving rise to greater fuel economy, reduced downtime and fewer Penalty Charge Notices. Vehicle safety equipment guide FORS has published a new vehicle safety equipment guide, designed to help members understand and meet the vehicle safety equipment requirements of the FORS Standard. The new FORS guide comes as operators face an array of equipment in the market place – the selection of which, while intended to increase active and passive safety, is sometimes confusing for operators. Alongside advice on equipment specification and installation, the document provides guidance on the three FORS vehicle safety requirements: vulnerable road user safety; audible warning systems; and blind spot minimisation. In addition, it includes a clear and helpful pictorial representation of what vehicle safety equipment is mandatory for each requirement and where the equipment needs to be installed on a right hand drive vehicle. The guide also contains a list of FORS Associates that market the safety equipment, including mirrors, side under‑run protection, audible warning systems, proximity sensors and reversing cameras, with discounts for FORS members. “The vehicle safety equipment market is extremely competitive in the aftermarket sector,” said Paul Wilkes, “our new vehicle safety equipment guide provides clear guidance on the mandatory fitment of safety equipment that meets the requirements of FORS Standard.” “If operators are preparing for their FORS audit for the first time, or renewing their accreditation, consulting our new guide will offer a simple and fast route to ensuring vehicles are fitted with the correct safety equipment,” he added. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.fors-online.org.uk

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Road Test

The second-generation Toyota Proace is available in three lengths, two wheelbases and two trims

Written by Richard Gooding

ROAD TEST

Toyota Proace Comfort Medium 1.6M D 115 With three lengths, two wheelbases and car-derived technology, the second-generation Toyota Proace offers commodious carrying capacity, and good on-road manners. Richard Gooding also finds the latest range of Euro 6 engines add economy skills to the Japanese van’s CV

What is it? Think ‘Toyota’ and ‘commercial vehicle’ and the ever‑dependable Hilux will invariably spring to mind. The 51-year-old flat-bed pick‑up is somewhat of a rugged light commercial icon, and has a cult following even from those who don’t drive one day to day. And although Toyota may be more synonymous with hybrid technology and the Prius rather than with commercial vehicles, it does produce a more practical LCV. Step forward the Proace. First launched in July 2013, the first‑generation Toyota Proace was a rebadged Citroën Dispatch / Peugeot Expert / Fiat Scudo. The PSA Group and Fiat joint venture ended in 2016, when the newest versions of the French vans were unveiled (GreenFleet, issues 96 and 98). Stepping into the Italian carmaker’s shoes this time around, the third project partner is Toyota, whose Proace is built in the same factory as the French pair. It’s a similar set-up to the Toyota Aygo / Citroën C1 / Peugeot 108 trio: the same mechanicals, hard points and interior, providing all three manufacturers with a package on which to place a body. Similarly to its French sisters, the Toyota van is available in three lengths – ‘Compact’, ‘Medium’ and ‘Long’, the latter pair with a longer 3,275mm wheelbase – and four

44

body styles: panel van, crew cab, combi, and platform cab. Lengths start with the 4.6m ‘Compact’ model and rise through ‘Medium’ 4.95m variants to the longest 5.3m ‘Long’ version. The Compact model offers a maximum payload of 1,000kg and aims to ensnare business users who find room in smaller vans lacking. Medium – as our test van – and Long versions feature load capacities of 5.3m3 and 6.1m3 respectively, while the Compact manages 4.6m3. The larger vans accommodate a trio of Euro pallets, while the smallest version swallows one fewer. All second-generation Proaces have a standard height of 1.9m to enable them to enjoy maximum manoeuvrability through often height‑restricted urban landscapes. Maximum payload capacity is 1,400kg for the Medium and Long versions while a passenger-carrying Proace Verso MPV‑style version is also available. Being based on the latest PSA Group vans, the Proace’s shared heritage is clear, but Toyota has added its distinctive ‘X’ face to its light commercial.

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

How practical is it? The length of the loading area on the Toyota Proace Medium is 2,512mm, but add in the Japanese carmaker’s ‘Smart Cargo’ load‑through bulkhead system – standard on Comfort versions such as our test van, but £250 extra on the ‘Base’ entry‑level grade – and this increases to 3,674mm, and takes the load capacity up to 5.8m3. The width of the side door opening is 935mm on Medium-length Proaces, 2 with a 1,200mm height. The standard 50/50 rear doors swing out to 180 degrees, while the maximum load width between wheel arches is 1,258mm). A tailgate is a £175 option on selected Comfort-spec models.

Toyota claims CO m of 137g/k n official with a g for the 54.3mpProace new um Medi rt Comfo

How clean is it? Based on the new PSA Group’s EMP2 platform which underpins models such as the Peugeot 2008/3008, the latest Toyota Proace features many car-derived technologies. While the rear end of the new French/Japanese joint light commercial is bespoke LCV, the front of the new subframe is developed from the

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New Toyota Proace’s interior features many car-derived technologies and cabin quality improvements

How does it drive? As you’d expect from a part-car-derived chassis, the second-generation Toyota Proace enjoys

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£22,791.84

system looked good and worked well. A rosta of trip computers in the instrument binnacle measure fuel economy and distance travelled, and are useful in every day use.

Twin rear doors open to 180°

French group’s passenger cars. One bonus this brings is the use of the latest Euro 6 engines. Just as with the French offerings, 1.6‑litre and 2.0-litre units are offered, but with outputs ranging from 93bhp to 117bhp. The cleanest version is the one on test here, the 113bhp 6-speed manual, which emits 137g/km. Toyota claims economy of up to 54.3mpg on the combined cycle, the lowest of the three engines available. We achieved an impressive 50.2mpg, the Japanese commercial easy to glean decent economy figures from. All the Toyota’s Proace powertrains meet Euro 6 emissions standards and feature a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system to reduce the amount of NOx released into the atmosphere. A 22.5-litre tank of AdBlue ensures the system will work to its optimum capability for around 9,300 miles (15,000km). The tank can be refilled via a filler inlet on the B-pillar, which can be accessed when the driver’s door is open. Stop/start systems are standard on all models bar the 93bhp variants, while servicing intervals are 25,000 miles or two years. Toyota’s five-year / 100,000‑mile pan-European mechanical warranty is standard, too.

Road Test

Medium-length Proaces feature a side door opening of 935mm

many car-like traits on the road. At a cruise, the Proace is impressively refined when cruising, engine noise only head when accelerating. As with many modern systems, the power‑assisted steering lacks feedback, but we suspect many drivers will like the well-weighted feel which will make light work of the 12.4m turning circle. The 113bhp diesel is equally at home in urban and motorway situations, its 221lb ft / 300Nm giving plenty of acceleration. The six-speed manual gearbox was positive. The MacPherson-derived front suspension system serves up more car-like feel and makes for failsafe but enjoyable handling with a very comfortable ride. Parking the Proace is easy, although parking sensors or a rear view camera should be standard, and the Proace isn’t alone in this regard. The interior has a less commercial vehicle‑like ambience, too. The three-seat cabin has lots of space for legs and heads, and there myriad handy storage cubbies: two drinks holders atop the dashboard, a dash‑top cubbyhole, and door pockets, but sadly no overhead shelf, unlike some rivals. The overall cabin architecture is identical to its French relatives’ bar a rebranded seven‑inch colour touchscreen infotainment system. And that’s no bad thing, as the fit and finish is very passenger car-like, too, and the optional Pro Touch satellite navigation

What does it cost? The 2018 Toyota Proace range starts at £20,037.67 (commercial vehicle ‘on the road’ price minus the reclaimable VAT) for the 93bhp Base Compact Proace, while the Medium grade models kick off at £21,262.67 for the smallest version. Comfort Crew Long vans begin at £26,558.51, while Platform Cabs start at £22,004.34, with the Combi nine-seater available from £23,590.17. The latter two models can only be chosen in Medium length. All Proaces get twin side sliding doors, electric mirrors, remote central locking and DAB / USB / Bluetooth connectivity as standard. All versions bar the Base-trimmed models feature manual air conditioning as standard. Toyota’s comprehensive ‘Safety Sense’ safety system is on offer at £1,900, but includes pre‑collision and adaptive cruise control systems, a useful and clear head-up display, cornering lights, auto headlights and wipers, an auto-dimming rear-view mirror, a seven-inch Toyota Pro‑Touch infotainment screen, an alarm, a coloured TFT screen ahead of the driver as well as upper dashboard storage. A ‘Premium Pack’ as fitted to our test van consists of 17‑inch alloys, and the seven‑inch Pro-Touch screen with navigation, at a cost of £1,250. Why does my fleet need one? As with its PSA Peugeot Citroën sisters, the Toyota Proace has taken a leap forward in both usability and comfort, and with the sheer number of versions available, there should be a Proace for every driver and every need. The car-derived technology lifts the Proace away from the sparse image vans enjoyed in the past, and the latest efficient and modern engines promise good fuel economy and are more than sufficient for everyday driving situations. Improvements in practicality and interior quality only heighten the Toyota van’s fleet appeal. Toyota’s extensive network of dealers may swing the buying decision for some, but the Proace stands on its own merits and strengths, and offers car-like refinement and ease-of use which are to be applauded. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.toyota.co.uk

Volume 112 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

45


Emissions Information Written by Andy Eastlake, managing director, LowCVP

New car label & VED changes – keeping the buyer informed Launching from 1 April, the new car label will now take into consideration air quality factors by providing information on the vehicle’s emission standard, as well as any diesel supplement applied to VED and company car tax. LowCVP’s Andy Eastlake explains further The new car label, which comes into effect from 1 April, will now provide information on air quality (emission standard) and specifically whether or not any diesel supplement is applied to VED (and company car tax). The VED figures given on the label will incorporate any supplements, so will be the price you pay. Of course the supplement is on first year VED only, so the

regular £140 standard rate is unaffected. For the first time too, the actual specific emissions standard of every new car will be displayed clearly on the label and within the VCA database. Today a new car in the showroom could (confusingly) have been certified to any of three versions of the current emissions standard: Euro 6c, Euro 6d Temp or Euro 6d. They are all Euro 6 but subtle (and onerous) changes to the standards have been made at each step. The most important thing to note

immediately, is that every one of these standards and every new car, van or commercial vehicle bought today, is exempt from emission zone charges, whether they be in London (ULEZ), across England (Clean Air Zones) or in Scotland (Low Emission Zones). Despite us not being able to get the names aligned, I am pleased to say that the vehicle standards are and that any Euro 6 vehicle (of any fuel type) can move freely through these emission control areas. This is the first step on a long road to improve the information provided to users via the vehicle labels, marketing and online tools. Ensuring a car buyer has a one-stop-shop for all the key relevant data about fuel

For the first time, the actual specific emissions standard of every new car will be displayed clearly on the label

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DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net


Emissions Information

consumption, CO2, emissions and taxation, is even more important now than ever, with regular and radical changes to many of these items happening over the next few years. Clearer information To coincide with the changes to taxation (Diesel CCT supplement raised to four per cent and a Diesel VED surcharge), LowCVP have been working with a range of stakeholders to assist the DVLA to adjust the new car label for clearer information. Whilst many consumers may not see the need and may not understand the nuances, I’m sure readers of Greenfleet will be only too aware of the raft of complicated policies emerging over the next few years and will be keen to see a master document where the important information is all compiled in one place. In the background, the VCA car fuel consumption database is also being refreshed and will have additional data on real driving NOx emissions where available. The other critical change from April, is that any new diesel car which is certified

to Euro 6d will be exempt from both the VED surcharge and even more beneficially from the CCT surcharge. This reflects the rapid progress made in diesel emission control systems (after their well publicised problems). Whilst this “full” Euro 6d standard is not mandated until 2020/21, I know from personal experience, that every test facility is struggling under the pressure to complete test and certification work to bring Euro 6d vehicles to market as soon as humanly possible and to grab this benefit for the users as quickly as they can. This positive signal from government is clear and shows the confidence in the new test standards and real driving verification process, to ensure that all vehicles coming on to the road, deliver low emissions at all times and are treated equitably. Fuel prices Finally, the new label will incorporate the annual updated fuel price figures, which are used to estimate the annual running costs and to help consumers select vehicles based on operating costs, not just ticket price. LowCVP and its members are researching the

best way to present future information on a revised label and information outlet and we are working with government to establish the optimum time to launch that and to transition to new fuel economy and operating costs data, but this first revision is just one element of the range of initiatives which will be emerging. Perhaps a more important focus is our work to update used car labels, where we see the need for emission zone compliance being vital in helping buyers select an appropriate vehicle. Key for us here at the LowCVP is the fact that the labels provide the master document with all the key information needed to enable the best choice of vehicle, whether new or used. We will be working across the industry and welcome feedback to ensure that our planned revisions at the end of the year, meet the needs of the users and provide a template for consistent and comparable vehicle selection so that everyone can get the best car for their use. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.lowcvp.org.uk

Volume 112 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Geneva Motor Show

A rosti of greener dishes

Written by Richard Gooding

Green was very definitely the name of the game at the 2018 Geneva motor show, with low and zero‑emission vehicles jostling for attention in the halls of the Palexpo exhibition centre. Richard Gooding highlights a few of the major Swiss show stars ELECTRIC VEHICLES Audi e-tron Audi’s all-electric SUV, the e-tron, made its first public appearance Palexpo, ahead of its on‑sale date later this year. Wearing ‘e-tron’‑branded camouflage, 250 examples of Audi’s EV SUV drove around Geneva during the duration of the show, with one example doing a stint on the German car manufacturer’s stand itself. Audi is taking £1,000 deposits for its first all-electric car, said to have a range of 311 miles. Expected to cost around 80,000 euros, potential buyers in Austria, Belgium, Norway and Switzerland can pre-order the premium machine. Audi states that the production version of the e-tron prototype is able to charge at 150kW, refilling it in around 30 minutes. BMW i8 Roadster and i4 As well as showing the production version of the open-top i8 sports car. BMW also confirmed a new i4 all-electric car which will

sit above the i3 in BMW’s ‘i’ range. The new car will be built from 2020 in Munich on the 4 Series GT platform using fifth-generation EV technology. An even larger i5 all-electric model is expected in 2021. Honda Urban EV Concept Following its debut at the Frankfurt motor show last year, the Honda Urban EV Concept was again on show in Switzerland. The cute and retro-styled car has been given the green light for production next year, and signals Honda’s intention to enter the European electric vehicle market. The Japanese company also showed its Sports EV Concept, and the NeuV electric car which was first shown at the Consumer Electronics Show in 2017. Hyundai Kona Electric Hyundai pulled the covers off its new Kona Electric SUV before the event in Switzerland,

but the expo was the first time the car had been seen in public. Based on the Kona SUV, the Kona Electric is, according to the South Korean car company, ‘the world’s first fully‑electric sub-compact SUV.’ With a 150kW / 201bhp powertrain, the Kona Electric offers a driving range of up to 292 miles, from its 39.2kWh battery. The entry‑level version offers 99kW / 133bhp and up to 186 miles on a single charge. With 395Nm / 291lb ft of immediate torque, 0 to 62mph takes 7.6 seconds. Charging the lithium-ion polymer battery up to 80 per cent takes around 54 minutes using a 100kW DC rapid charger. With its on‑board 7.2kW charger, refilling the long-range battery car takes nine hours and 40 minutes for the long-range battery car, dropping to six hours and 10 minutes for the shorter-range Kona EV. One to watch, the Kona Electric could be a game-changer, for both its for range-to-price ratio, as well as its practicality.

Kona Hyundai tric Elec

Pace Jaguar IAudi e-tr on

Hon and Spor da Urban EV ts EV Con cepts

Nissan LEAF 40kWh

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DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net


Geneva Motor Show

Toyota Auris Hybrid Porsche M Cross Tu ission E rismo

Lexus U X 250h

Nexo Hyundai zion en I.D Viz Volkswag

Jaguar I-Pace British carmaker Jaguar displayed its new 395bhp I-Pace all‑electric SUV at Geneva in production form. Looking the same as the concept unveiled in 2017, the I-Pace’s 90kWh lithium‑ion battery is said to deliver a range of up to 298 miles on the new Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP) test cycle. Priced from £58,995, the I-Pace charges to 80 per cent capacity in an hour and 25 minutes on a 50kW rapid charger, while a 30-minute charge will replenish 80 miles of range. The Jaguar EV is also compatible with 100kW public chargers, which will give an 80 per cent charge in 45 minutes. A 7kW wall box will charge the battery from 0 to 80 per cent in 10 hours. Nissan LEAF and IMx KURO Nissan showed off its new EV star in Switzerland, the second‑generation LEAF. With a 40kWh battery and more powerful 110kW motor, the new car has an official range of 168 miles on the WLTP cycle and an array of driver assistance systems. The Japanese carmaker also previewed its idea of an all-electric crossover / SUV with the IMx KURO concept. E Read the GreenFleet first drive of the new Nissan LEAF 40kWh on page 52. Polestar 1 Geneva was chosen by Polestar – the new ‘electric performance brand’ owned by Volvo – to reveal its Polestar 1 hybrid range‑extender coupé to the public for the first time. The Polestar 1 will produce 600bhp, and 737lb ft / 1,000Nm of torque according to its maker, and enjoy 93 miles / 150km of range, thanks to its 34kWh battery pack.

Porsche Mission E Cross Turismo Following the 2015 reveal of Porsche’s first all‑electric concept, the Mission E, Porsche pulled the covers of its second EV concept at Palexpo. A kind of off-road Porsche Panamera Sport Turismo, the sleek Stuttgart concept features 880V architecture which means it can charge from a super-fast network to 80 per cent in just 15 minutes when the infrastructure is available. It can also be charged by induction. A pair of permanent magnet synchronous motors give a system output of 440kW / 600bhp and the Mission E Cross Turismo has a range of up to 310 miles on a single charge. Renault Zoe French carmaker Renault displayed the new, more powerful version of its popular Zoe supermini in Geneva. Dubbed the ‘R110’ (the current car is the ‘R90’), the major change is the electric motor, which now develops 107bhp, 16bhp up on its R90 predecessor. The range is expected to be the same as the R90’s official 250 miles on the NEDC cycle, with rolling acceleration improved. The R110 will be start at £18,420 in the UK, £250 more than the R90. Renault also unveiled the EZ-GO, an autonomous, ride-sharing electric concept vehicle. Volkswagen I.D Vizzion VW unveiled the latest in its line of I.D all‑electric concepts at the Swiss event, the I.D Vizzion taking the form of a 5.11m-long, autonomously-driving saloon. Its 111kWh lithium-ion batteries give the 225kW / 300bhp car a theoretical range of 413 miles. By 2025, the German carmaker plans to introduce more than 20 electric vehicle models, with the first, the Golf‑sized I.D hatchback, appearing in 2020.

HYBRID VEHICLES Lexus UX 250h The Japanese manufacturer chose Geneva for its world debut for its new UX compact crossover. The first Lexus to be built on the new GA-C global architecture platform, it has the lowest centre of gravity in its class and the UX 250h features a fourth‑generation self‑charging hybrid system with higher efficiency and a more powerful electric motor. Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV The Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV was Europe’s most popular plug-in hybrid from 2015‑2017, and Geneva saw a revised version. A 2.4-litre Atkinson cycle engine replaces the previous 2.0-litre unit, with battery output and battery capacity (now 13.8kWh) increased by 10 and 15 per cent respectively. Toyota Auris Toyota’s new Auris debuted in Geneva and following the company’s plans to ditch diesel from its passenger car range by the end of 2018, will only be available with petrol and hybrid powertrains. The VW Golf rival will employ the 121bhp 1.8-litre hybrid drivetrain from the C-HR and Prius. A 114bhp 1.2-litre turbocharged petrol engine will also feature, in addition to a 178bhp 2.0‑litre hybrid version. HYDROGEN FUEL CELL VEHICLES Hyundai Nexo The next-generation fuel cell Hyundai Nexo enjoyed its European debut in Switzerland. The world’s first dedicated hydrogen‑powered SUV, the hydrogen Hyundai comes with a wide range of autonomous driving capabilities and smart driving assistance systems. Range is said to be around 500 miles on the NEDC cycle. L Volume 112 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Scotlandâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Premier Low Emission Vehicle Event Friday 4 May 2018 Royal Highland Centre, Edinburgh

Register for FREE at events.greenfleet.net/scotland


Road transport in Greater Manchester accounts for 65 per cent of nitrogen oxide (NOx) and 79 per cent of particulate emissions, along with 31 per cent of CO2 emissions. In order to improve air quality and encourage a low-emission culture, the Climate Change and Low Emission Implementation Plan (2016-2020) and the Greater Manchester Air Quality Action Plan (2016-21) have been created. The plans include actions to both address climate change and improve Greater Manchester’s air quality. Measures include reducing traffic, increasing efficiencies and improving company fleets by incentivising the replacement of polluting vehicles with newer, lower-emitting ones. In light of this, GreenFleet joined forces with Transport for Greater Manchester (TfGM) to host an event at the Etihad Stadium on 15 March. Delegates were given an update on Greater Manchester’s public charging infrastructure and were presented with information on the latest car and van grants.

This year’s key sponsor was GreenFleet’s Leasing Company of the Year, Lex Autolease. The company works closely with businesses and fleet managers to provide a wide range of vehicles to meet different needs, and were available to answer questions on the day. Expert speakers The day was filled with keynote presentations from industry experts, which included TfGM’s chief executive Jon Lamonte and Steve Ives from the Office for Low Emissions Vehicles (OLEV), who is responsible for delivering the £40 million Go Ultra Low City Scheme and the ULEV Taxi Scheme. Jon Lamonte spoke to delegates about Greater Manchester’s low-emission strategy and air quality action plan, which includes measures to encourage sustainable travel, such as walking and cycling, greening its bus fleet, and lowering emissions from its

Exhibitors Round Table break-out sessions took place throughout the day, giving attendees the opportunity to speak to vehicle manufacturers, solution providers and network with other fleet professionals and EV operators. A number of exhibitors were on-hand to answer any questions regarding low emission vehicles, including the event’s headline sponsor Lex Autolease. Elmtronics and eVolt were available to answer any questions regarding electric vehicle charging equipment and infrastructure. Optare, the British manufacturer of urban buses brought along a static electric double decker bus for delegates to get a greater understanding of more environmentally‑friendly public transport options. The London Electric Vehicle Company (LEVC), formerly known as the London Taxi Company, also displayed a static model of its new TX electric taxi. The black cab offers zero‑emissions motoring thanks to eCity technology comprising of an advanced battery electric powertrain with a small back-up petrol generator that gives a total range of up to 400 miles including 80 miles pure electric driving.

Written by Andrea Pluck

GreenFleet teamed up with Transport for Greater Manchester to host an event for fleet and transport managers to demonstrate how lowering emissions can be achieved, as well as sharing more information on Manchester’s air quality plans

GF Greater Manchester

Helping Greater Manchester slash fleet emissions

freight and heavy goods vehicles, as well as encouraging a low-emission culture amongst residents and businesses. Lamonte also touched on its Greater Manchester Electric Vehicle Scheme (GMEV), which is a charging network and pay-as-you go programme. Other speakers on the day included Stockport Council’s Cllr Alex Ganotis, TV presenter and motoring expert Quentin Willson, and TfGM’s Julian Ashworth, who helps staff across Greater Manchester to travel more sustainably.

TfGM Jon Lam ’s o spoke t nte o dele Greatergates about Ma low-em nchester’s strateg ission y quality and air plans

Test drives Car and van makers such as LDV and BMW/Mini demonstrated their latest ultra-low and zero emission vehicles, where delegates had the opportunity to take vehicles out for a test drive. LDV’s electric panel van – the EV80 – was one of the models available for test drives. It is capable of 120 miles on a single charge and can be fully charged in one and a half hours. It also features a high-capacity Lithium Ion battery. Iveco brought along an extensive range of alternatively-fuelled vehicles, including its natural gas-powered Stralis and Daily. Westway Nissan brought along the new Nissan LEAF which boasts an extended range and more powerful motor, and Toyota brought its Prius Plug-in for delegates to experience plug-in hybrid technology. Other electric and ultra-low emission vehicles were available on the day to help delegates leave the event with a better understanding of the practicalities of running a greener fleet. L FURTHER INFORMATION events.greenfleet.net

Volume 112 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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First Drive

FIRST DRIVE

Nissan LEAF Tekna 40kWh

Written by Richard Gooding

The original Nissan Leaf was a trailblazer, the first big-selling pure electric car. Eight years and 300,000 cars later, there’s a second-generation version. Richard Gooding finds that a longer driving range, a more powerful electric motor and easier-on-the-eye styling are just a few of the advances What is it? The Nissan LEAF is the best selling electric car in the world, with over 300,000 finding homes since its launch in 2010. A programme of steady but useful improvements and refinements has ensured the car has remained popular. Yes, its looks may have been divisive, but with a 30kWh battery upgrade, the first‑generation LEAF was still a capable fleet‑friendly electric option. Now, there’s a new one. The second-generation LEAF builds on the successful foundations of its predecessor. Built on the same platform, but with more on-board driver technology and mainstream, conventional looks, the new car packs a 40kWh battery and a theoretical combined driving range of around 168 miles on the new Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP). How does it drive? The new LEAF is the first all-electric car to enter a second generation. Nissan has done a good job of updating the looks as to not alienate drivers of the older car, but also to attract new owners. Smart and good-looking, the new model even looks more dynamic than the old one when it’s standing still. A floating roof, holographic front ‘grille’ and gloss black tailgate add stylish touches to a shape which features elements of Nissan’s latest design DNA. Inside, drivers of the first-generation LEAF will feel at home. There’s a familiar feel to all the controls, and the centre console and ‘transmission tunnel’ are very similar to the outgoing car. There’s the same ball‑shaped gear selector and ‘wing’‑shaped air conditioning controls,

New LEAF’s interior will be familiar to drivers of the old car, but cabin fit and finish has improved

52

while the new instrument panel ahead of the driver is much more sophisticated. A seven-inch digital TFT screen ‘combimeter’ imparts clear and crisp displays and sits alongside an analogue speedometer. The pairing works well, and the digital screen shows economy read-outs, and a range of displays relating to the numerous safety and driving technologies. It’s true that cabin quality has improved, but it ultimately still lags behind that of some rivals. Practicality is on the pace, though, with a luggage capacity of 435 litres with the rear seats in place, unless the Bose audio system is fitted. The NissanConnect EV seven-inch colour touchscreen infotainment system is fitted from Acenta models upwards, and although it’s undeniably useful, the on-screen graphics are broadly similar to the old LEAF, which means a dated appearance, while the system isn’t the smoothest in operation. Because of its all-electric powertrain, the old LEAF was always quiet on the move, and the new car builds on this but sets a new standard for refinement. Nissan has added 30 per cent more sound insulation on the second-generation model Additional soundproofing keeps outside noise to the absolute bare minimum. Redesigned suspension adds further comfort, the new car enjoying an uncanny mix of both compliance and agility. A 5mm lower centre of gravity than the old car – with the natural benefit of the platform-mounted battery

packs – ensures stability and an unruffled composure. The steering rack has been tuned for a more sporty feeling, too, with lock‑to‑lock turns reduced from 3.2 to 2.6. All in all, it’s a convincing dynamic package, and the new car feels a lot more involving to drive. Nissan trumpets the new car’s technological advances, and with good reason. The e-Pedal (see panel) really does work, and enables the new LEAF to be driven with just one pedal, just as the Japanese car maker suggests. Yes, there is a similar feature on the BMW i3, but the new Nissan LEAF’s e-Pedal is switchable, and can be turned off if the modulation is a stretch too far for some drivers. It’s such a brilliantly easy and impressive system, though, we suspect it will make an appearance on a good selection of forthcoming EVs. The outgoing car’s ‘Eco’ setting, and ‘D’ and ‘B’ (additional regenerative braking) driving modes remain. In the default ‘D’ mode the new LEAF is a spritely performer, with 0-62mph coming up in 7.9 seconds, the car using all of its 236lb ft / 320Nm of torque to exemplary effect. The second-generation electric Nissan runs out of electric puff at 89mph. The new LEAF is also the poster car for Nissan’s new and advanced range of ‘Intelligent Mobility’ technologies. The ProPILOT offers systems to encourage a ‘safer, more comfortable’ drive, while ProPILOT Park features fully autonomous parking thanks to an array of sonar detectors and cameras.

The s LEAF haealed app always s but the to fleet even more r is new ca persuasive, of a ning cost, low runemission zero- ice cho


Pedalling a breakthrough? One of attention-grabbing features of the new LEAF is the much-hyped ‘e-Pedal’. Described simply, the car can be controlled by the accelerator pedal only, by increasing or decreasing levels of modulation and pressure.

The ProPILOT semi-autonomous technology is aimed at motorway use and is optimised to aid in heavy traffic or high-speed cruising situations. Using the car’s cruise control, ProPILOT adjusts the car’s speed to the traffic ahead, as well as keeping it in the centre of the lane. The ’Steering Assist’ is disconcerting at first, as the steering wheel can be felt making tiny movements through your fingers, but it doesn’t take long to get used to. Remove your hands from the wheel and car will almost drive itself, but will flash ‘hands-off’ warnings after a series of timed intervals, and will bring the car to a complete stop if necessary. ProPILOT Park meanwhile works in both parallel and bay parking space scenarios and directs the car to the chosen spot via a string of driver confirmations. What range does it have? Nissan quotes a combined driving range of up to 168 miles on the new WLTP cycle, with up to 258 miles in predominantly city or urban conditions. Despite the cold conditions in the Highlands of Scotland, the ‘full’ range started at around 150 miles, with electricity consumption hovering around the 3.3 miles/kWh over a 200-mile distance. The official range is a whole 85 per cent up on early first-generation cars, and other aerodynamic aids include the new model’s 0.28 Cd figure, and details on the rear pillar and spoiler which improve driving range by 1.5 miles, as well as an underbody designed to give zero lift. Heated seats and a warmed steering wheel are available on N-Connecta cars upwards to save energy. As before, the ‘B’ driving mode enjoys the most severe level of regenerative braking – which puts more energy back into the battery when slowing down. In turn, this helps increase the amount of charge (and therefore range) available, while there’s also now the advantage of the new e-Pedal, which also recuperates precious energy. How long does it take to charge? As before, the new LEAF features CHAdeMO rapid charging and Mennekes ‘Type 2’ charging capabilities. Connect the new LEAF to a 50kW rapid charger and it will be refilled from empty to 80 per cent capacity in 40 to 60 minutes, while a 7kW / 32A home charger / wallbox will take around 7.5 hours to fully replenish the car. Plan ahead with a 10A three-pin socket, though, as the car will be charged from flat to 100 per cent in 21 hours. As standard, all new LEAFs come with a 6.6kW on-board charger, and Nissan has chosen Chargemaster as its home charging partner. There have been reports of longer-than-usual-duration rapid‑charging issues with selected customer cars which

repeatedly charge this way, but Nissan is investigating these experiences. What does it cost? The new Nissan LEAF is available in four trim levels, and here, we’ve quoted prices with the government’s £4,500 Plug-in Car Grant (PiCG) deducted. The £21,990 Visia kicks off the range and features 16-inch steel wheels, automatic air conditioning, auto lights and wipers, cruise control, front and rear electric windows, a front centre armrest, and i-Key and push‑button start. LED daytime running and rear lights, projector halogen headlights, a 7-inch TFT screen and analogue combi‑instrument, as well as 50kW CHAdeMO rapid charging capability also feature. Move up to the £24,290 Acenta and you gain 16-inch alloy wheels, electrically folding door mirrors, front fog lamps, a leather multifunction steering wheel, intelligent cruise control, the NissanConnect EV six-speaker 7-inch colour touchscreen infotainment system with Apple CarPlay and Android Auto connectivity, and a rear view monitoring system. The £25,990 N-Connecta adds 17-inch alloy wheels, an auto-dimming rear view mirror, gloss black B-pillar trim, heated part-leather seats, a heated steering wheel, privacy glass, as well as Nissan’s Intelligent Around View Monitor / Moving Object Detection / Intelligent Driver Alertness safety systems and parking sensors. The range-topping Tekna (our test cars’ specification) starts at £27,490 and additionally features LED headlights, heated leather seats and steering wheel, an electronic parking brake, a seven-speaker Bose Premium audio system, as well as Nissan’s new ProPILOT semi-autonomous driving system. How much does it cost to tax? As with all battery-electric cars, new Nissan LEAF models emit zero emissions, so fall into the only cost-free VED band. Benefit In Kind is 13 per cent. Why does my fleet need one? More characterful this time around, there’s a lot to like about the new Nissan LEAF. The new styling is more classy and confident, while also being more conventional than the old car – not necessarily a bad thing. The on-board technology, bigger-capacity battery and longer range make it both safer and more practical, and with prices of the better-equipped new car actually lower when compared to the outgoing model in most cases, the second‑generation LEAF appears better value, too. While it’s undoubtedly a case of building on the successful foundations of the original model, Nissan has made small but

First Drive

Second-generation LEAF has more conventional but smarter looks, and has 50kW CHAdeMO rapid and ‘Type 2’ charging capabilities

Nissan claims that it can encourage drivers to use the brake pedal by ‘up to 90 per cent less than in conventional cars’. And having experienced it, we agree that that it’s an impressive system. By releasing the accelerator pedal, the car will decelerate and come to a complete stop, even when on a hill. The Japanese carmaker also states that the e-Pedal enjoys a deceleration rate of up to 0.2G and that it helps to reduce fatigue and stress in urban driving situations, as the driver doesn’t have to constantly move their foot from the accelerator to the brake pedal. worthwhile changes to keep the LEAF very competitive and improve the overall user experience. The LEAF has proved popular with fleets since its introduction, with the new entry-level Visia-trimmed car expected to make the most impact in the business market. Overall, the LEAF accounts for 47 per cent of the electric car market in the UK. With one ordered every 12 minutes (20,000 orders taken since its public on-sale date in February), the new version looks set to be equally as in demand. An essential part of the company’s plan to sell eight new EVs, and one million electrified vehicles by 2022, there’s absolutely no doubt that it is a better and appealing proposition. Overall, Nissan has judged the improvements well. The new LEAF has been designed to appeal to both families and fleets, and is now even more of a persuasive, low running cost, zero-emission choice. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.nissan.co.uk

2018 Nissan LEAF Tekna 40kWh ENGINE:

110kW (147bhp) AC synchronous electric motor, 40kWh lithium-ion battery

CO2:

0g/km

RANGE:

168 miles (WLTP)

VED:

£0

BIK:

13%

PRICE (OTR):

£27,490 (including VAT and government PiCG grant, £28,755 as tested)

Volume 112 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

53


THE ONLY FLEET PUBLICATION DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT

www.greenfleet.net Published by

020 8532 0055 www.psi-media.co.uk


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Barlow Electrical are Electrical contractors specializing in electric vehicle charging installations, based in Hull. Allow us to take you on a journey from initial visit to completed installation. We are OLEV approved for installations under the EVHS (domestic) and WCS (workplace) schemes, and provide a full design & installation service.

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Volume 112 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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BMM Energy Solutions Ltd Website: www.bmm-ltd.com Bmm Energy Solutions are a market leading supplier and installer of electric vehicle charging equipment. Being technology agnostic, we can offer the widest range of electric vehicle charging equipment available in the market place.  We specialise in fully managed installations including back office systems & maintenance for both private and public-sectors.

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SJK Electrical Stratford Energy Solutions www.stratfordenergy.co.uk 01789 262411 Whether you are looking to install a domestic charging point or multiple workplace charging units we provide a full design & installation service for all electric vehicle charging needs. Working with leading manufacturers we are OLEV‑accredited so relevant grants can be claimed.

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www.sjkelectrical.com Tel: 01924 377641 Mobile: 07734 101674 SJK Electrical are commercial and domestic NICEIC registered electricians, specializing in electric vehicle charging installations, based in Wakefield. All installation needs addressed with the growing adoption of electric vehicles. We are OLEV approved for installations under the EVHS (domestic) and WCS (workplace) schemes, and available to assist in obtaining grants under this scheme.

EV RECHARGING

Saliis www.saliis.com Telephone: 028 90 455136 Email: info@saliis.com SALIIS Ltd is one of the leading suppliers and installers, approved by OLEV, of Electric Vehicle (EV) charging units on commercial and private properties across Northern Ireland. Specialising in the renewables industry, SALIIS also installs and maintains large public and private sector contracts in Solar PV across the United Kingdom.

EV RECHARGING

Voltacompliance Limited

McNally Electrical Yorkshire

01133 971361 www.voltacompliance.com

Phone: 01535 444101 Website: www.mcnallygroup.co.uk Email: info@mcnallyelectrical.co.uk

Voltacompliance based in Leeds and serving the North East are OLEV grant approved. Specializing in workplace charge points and stations for your business. Rest assured with over 20 years experience within the electrical industry you can expect a customer focused professional solution, incorporating the latest technology.

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At McNally EV, our professionalism and quality have led to us becoming the nationwide installation partner for Rolec, one of the largest distributors of outdoor electrical charging equipment in the world. No matter how big or small a job, McNally’s are here for you every step of the way. From installation, to maintaining your unit.


EV RECHARGING

EV RECHARGING

Orbis Engineering Services Ltd

Coventry Electrical

Ray Butler

www.orbis-es.co.uk Tel: 01785 248201 Email: info@orbis-es.co.uk Orbis Engineering Services, leading specialist EV Charging Installers accredited by OLEV Grant. We are approved EV charge point installer with a vast range of EV charging points for destination and work place. Our professional services include maintenance, back office integration, reporting and payments. Please contact our friendly team to discuss.

Tel: 02476 650 000 Web: www.coventryelectrical.co.uk Email: admin@coventryelectrical.co.uk

Tel: 01529 302 665 Web: www.raybutler.co.uk Email: info@raybutlerltd.co.uk

Our mission statement signifies what everybody wants from an EV, to be Economical and reliable. Now expanding our services nationwide, we are OLEV accredited for both EVHS and WCS schemes. We offer professional, profitable EV solutions. Our specialist EV team is here to help you with all your requirements.

Butlers is a family-run electrical firm and one of the few OLEV-approved commercial and domestic installers of electrical vehicle (EV) charge points in Lincolnshire. Working with ROLEC EV, which manufacture Europeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s largest range of EV equipment, Butlers can manage the entire process from applying for funding through to design and installation.

EV RECHARGING

EV RECHARGING

EV RECHARGING

SRG Electrical

Pencol Electrical Ltd

Jupiter Engineering

Phone: 0845 644 8209 Website: www.srgelectrical.co.uk

Tel: 023 92 484333 Website: www.pencolelectrical.co.uk Email: roger@pencolelectrical.co.uk

Tel: 01245 424882 Website: www.jupiterengineering.co.uk Email: david@jupiterengineering.co.uk

Offering our services throughout Hampshire, Pencol Electrical Ltd, install EV charge points for Domestic and Commercial clients. Fully OLEV approved for grant applications, we are registered installers of Rolec and CityEV. We also offer a free no obligation site survey and quote. See our website for further details.

Jupiter Engineering are NICEIC registered electricians; we are OLEV accredited to install a variety of EV charging units, providing a bespoke service to our clients for both Homecharge and Workplace installations. Approved to install Rolec, Pod Point, Chargemaster, myenergi & Andersen charging units covering the South East and London.

SRG Electrical Ltd, are an independent EV design, installation, maintenance and civils capable contractor. We are OLEV approved for domestic and workplace charging and remain one of the leading installers in the country. With nationwide coverage, from home charging to rapid chargers our portfolio is one not to be overlooked.

EV CHARGE NETWORK

Product Finder

EV RECHARGING

FLEET MANAGEMENT

HYDROGEN



 

  

ULEMCo

EV Driver Ltd

Admin Business Solutions

Website: www.evdriver.co.uk

www.adminbusinesssolutions.co.uk Tel: +44 (0)1564 701 114 Email: info@adminbusinesssolutions.co.uk

01928 787 179 info@ulemco.com www.ulemco.com The Quay, 12 Princes Parade, Liverpool, Merseyside, L3 1BG

ABSâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; comprehensive catalogue of fleet management services and market-leading technology encompass all the necessary tools to cost-effectively outsource fleetsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; administration departments; optimising output through developments designed to augment 21st century fleet management. ABS manages the whole fleet lifecycle, actively supporting growth and development of fleets of all sizes.

ULEMCo Ltd offer services to convert commercial vehicles to run on hydrogen dual fuel. Including the supply & installation of safely engineered retrofit, warranty and VSO certificate. Ideally suited to significantly reduce emissions for urban duties. Advice, consultancy and the supply of hydrogen refuelling capability can also be provided.

With electric vehicle infrastructure becoming increasingly important, the time to install is now. We supply, design and install domestic, workplace and commercial charge points. In addition we run a network that operates the chargers so you deal with one company. For more information give us a call on 01394Â 799799.

Volume 112 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

57


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GreenFleet 112  

The Only Fleet Publication Dedicated to Promoting a Cleaner Environment

GreenFleet 112  

The Only Fleet Publication Dedicated to Promoting a Cleaner Environment