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TYRE SAFETY

AUTONOMOUS CARS

www.greenfleet.net

GREENFLEET AWARDS

2017 WINNERS REVEALED Celebrating the environmental efforts of the fleet and motoring industry at the GreenFleet Awards 2017

ELECTRIC VEHICLES

FORESIGHT INTO THE EV MARKET

What does the EV future look like and what needs to happen to facilitate it? ROAD TEST TOYOTA PRIUS PLUG-IN

INTERVIEW: NISSAN

ISSUE 109


NATURAL SELECTION.

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THE BMW PLUG-IN HYBRID RANGE. Using a combination of petrol and electric power, our iPerformance range delivers all the styling and performance you’d expect from a BMW, with the fuel efficiency of a plug-in hybrid. Available across the 2, 3, 5 and 7 Series and X5 models, the range includes intelligent adaptations such as Predictive Energy Management and optional eDrive mode. And, as the largest selection of plug-in hybrids on the market, iPerformance means you can benefit from BIK rates as low as 9%, without compromising on model. Visit bmw.co.uk/iPerformance

BMW Fleet & Business Sales


The Ultimate Driving Machine

Official fuel economy figures for the BMW iPerformance range: Combined 83.1-148.7 mpg (3.4-1.9 l/100km). CO2 emissions 78-44 g/km.

Figures are obtained in a standardised test cycle using a combination of battery power and petrol fuel after the battery had been fully charged. They are intended for comparisons between vehicles and may not be representative of what a user achieves under usual driving conditions. The BMW iPerformance range are plug-in hybrid electric vehicles that require mains electricity for charging.

Fleet Manufacturer of the Year 2017


Contents

Contents GreenFleet 109 07 News

20

BIK diesel supplement to raise by one per cent; electric drive to be offered on all models of Mercedes-Benz Vans; Islington council to roll out diesel parking surcharge

17 Electric vehicles

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The Renewable Energy Association (REA) sets out its vision for the pace of change in the electric vehicle market, consumer behaviour, and calls for companies to get involved in the development of an industry-led UK Charge Strategy

20 GreenFleet EV roundtable

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32 Winter driving

During the winter months, it’s vital that companies employing drivers take extra steps to manage the risks and remind drivers of the dangers. Ross Moorlock, fleet director at road safety charity Brake, shares some tips

34 Tyre maintenance

Tyre safety charity TyreSafe is reminding drivers that ignoring tyre maintenance can not only increase their motoring costs, it can increase their risk of being involved in an incident

37 GreenFleet Awards 2017

It is possible to make a business case for electric vehicles, without grants and other subsidies. This was the message from GreenFleet’s EV roundtable on 15 September at London’s Tower Bridge

Now in its 13th year, the GreenFleet Awards 2017 brought together leaders of the fleet and motor industries to celebrate the brilliant work done over the past year to reduce the environmental impacts of fleets

24 Interview: Nissan

53 Road test: Citroën C3 Flair BlueHDi 100 S&S

As well as making electric vehicles, Nissan is looking beyond manufacturing to take on all aspects of EV ownership, including charging, energy storage, and grid balancing systems. Angela Pisanu catches up with Nissan’s EV manager Karl Anders and fleet director Iker Lazzari

26 Autonomous vehicles

Richard Cuerden, TRL academy director, outlines the connected and autonomous vehicle technology developments on the horizon which could benefit future fleets

Economical and stylish, accomplished and comfortable, Richard Gooding finds that Citroën’s new diesel-powered small car has a very broad range of talents

55 Road test: Toyota Prius Plug-in Business Edition Plus The latest Prius Plug-in has a larger all‑electric range, improved economy, as well as fleet-friendly lower emissions. Richard Gooding sees if it offers the best of both the electric and hybrid car worlds

37 53 55

GreenFleet magazine

www.greenfleet.net Volume 109 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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NEW INSIGNIA SPORTS TOURER

THIS IS NOT A CAR. THIS IS YOUR SPACE FOR BETTER BUSINESS.

P11D FROM £18,880 BiK FROM 24% | CO2 FROM 112G/KM | UP TO 65.7MPG Coupé-like lines, premium comfort, spacious versatility and greater storage for business and pleasure. Standard protective features include Forward Collision Alert and Lane Assist. While OnStar provides Automatic Crash Response, Stolen Vehicle Assistance and 4G Wi-Fi. Isn’t life brilliant. Book your New Insignia 3 Day Test Drive. Visit vauxhallfleet.co.uk/newinsigniatestdrive Fuel consumption information is official government environmental data, tested in accordance with the relevant EU directive. New Insignia Sports Tourer range fuel consumption figures mpg (litres/100km): Urban: 24.6 (11.5)-56.5 (5.0), Extra-urban: 39.8 (7.1)-74.3 (3.8), Combined: 32.5 (8.7)-65.7 (4.3). CO2 emissions: 199-112g/km. Official EU-regulated test data are provided for comparison purposes and actual performance will depend on driving style, road conditions and other non-technical factors. 2017/18 tax year. Vauxhall Motors Limited does not offer tax advice and recommends that all Company Car Drivers consult their own accountant with regards to their own tax position. New Insignia Elite Nav 2.0 (260PS) Turbo 4X4 auto model illustrated (P11D of £29,105) features Satin Steel Grey two-coat metallic paint (£565), VXR Styling Pack (£850) and Driving Assistance Pack Four (£595), optional at extra cost. 3 Day Test Drive terms and conditions apply and vehicles are subject to availability. Please call 0330 587 8221 for full details. Vauxhall are not responsible for the provision of OnStar services or Wi-Fi services. OnStar Services require activation and account with OnStar Europe Ltd, [a GM Company]. Wi-Fi services require additional account with OnStar Europe Limited’s mobile network operator supplier. All services subject to mobile network coverage and availability. Use of OnStar services (except Wi-Fi) is free of charge for 12 months from registration date or delivery of vehicle, whichever comes first. Wi-Fi trial has a time limit and capped data allowance. Charges apply after expiry of applicable trial periods. Check vauxhall.co.uk/onstar for service limitations and charges. All figures quoted correct at time of going to press (November 2017).


News

BUDGET

Budget 2017: BIK diesel supplement to raise by one per cent but EV investment gets a boost The chancellor Phillip Hammond has outlined measures in the Autumn Budget that will affect vehicle tax, fuel duty, and BIK rates, as well as improve the electric vehicle sector. Fuel duty has yet again been frozen, and the existing benefit-in-kind (BIK) rates for the diesel supplement, which is currently three per cent above petrol rates, will increase by one per cent. As of April next year, diesel rates will be four per cent higher than petrol and alternatively fuelled cars. A new £400 million charging infrastructure fund has also been announced, with a further £40 million available for EV charge point R&D. Hammond went on to say that the

government “will clarify the law so that people who charge their electric vehicles at work will not face a benefit‑in‑kind change from next year”. The Plug-in Car Grant (PiCG) is guaranteed until 2020, giving it a two-year extension, and it will also receive a £100 million boost. In terms of Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs), new law changes are set to allow fully-driverless cars on the road in the UK without a human present by 2021. The government’s Air Quality plan, which was detailed earlier this year, is set to be funded through taxes on new diesel. As a result, from April 2018 the first year VED rate for diesel cars that don’t meet the

latest standards will go up by one band. Hammond said: “Drivers buying a new car will be able to avoid this charge as soon as manufacturers bring forward the next-generation cleaner diesels that we all want to see.” However, it was made clear that this will only apply to cars as “no white van man (or woman) will be hit by these measures”. This levy will fund a new £220 million Clean Air Fund to provide support the implementation of local air quality plans. READ MORE tinyurl.com/ybl4pl8d

BREAKDOWN RECOVERY

EV INFRASTRUCTURE

Electric drivers with AA membership to see additional benefits

Lancashire to welcome more EV charge points

The AA has formed a partnership with Chargemaster to help members who own an electric vehicle or are considering buying one. The AA will now use the POLAR network, an EV charging network operated by Chargemaster, to provide an emergency backup charging solution for its patrols in the unlikely event that an EV driver runs out of charge. AA patrols have already undergone intensive training in how to deal with any breakdowns involving electric or hybrid vehicles using a specialised rig at the patrols’ training centre. AA patrols will carry POLAR RFID fobs and if an AA member is stranded with an empty battery, they will be recovered to the nearest POLAR network charging point and provided with a complimentary charge to get them back on the road as soon as possible.

At the moment, 41 per cent of AA members own diesel cars but when asked if their next car will be diesel this drops to just 16 per cent. Overall a third of AA members aim to switch from diesel and petrol for their next car purchase, according to a major AA-Populus survey of 19,308 drivers. Edmund King OBE, AA president, said: “We want to ensure that all of our members are supported on the road, no matter what vehicle they drive. Our partnership with Chargemaster will offer AA members fantastic benefits in the future and now gives them peace of mind in the event of an emergency.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/ybashnzs

TELEMATICS

New technology to remove EV range anxiety launches Aimed at fleet operators moving to electric vehicles (EVs), Spark EV has unveiled its new artificial intelligence-based journey prediction telematics solution. Spark EV is expected to enable vehicles to complete more journeys between charges, removes range anxiety and enable greater fleet utilisation, with up to 20 per cent more journeys completed between charges. The technology analyses live driver, vehicle and other data sources, such as the weather and congestion, and then uses its advanced AI software algorithms to increase the accuracy of journey predictions for electric

vehicles. Using machine learning, Spark EV automatically updates predictions after each journey, continually improving efficiency. Drivers and fleet managers simply enter their journey through the app, Spark EV’s web interface, or their existing fleet management software, and it advises whether they will be able to complete it, based on live data, previous trips and chargepoint locations. READ MORE tinyurl.com/ybr9a626

Lancashire County Council is set to roll out more charging points for people who own electric vehicles. The programme to introduce the points will begin in the New Year. The council has recently awarded a contract to Chargemaster to install 150 charging points across the county. It follows a successful bid for £14.8m from the Department for Transport’s Highway Maintenance Challenge Fund to invest in new technology, with some of the budget set aside to make it easier for drivers of electric cars to find somewhere to charge their batteries. County Councillor Keith Iddon, Lancashire County Council cabinet member for highways and transport, said: “We have received funding from the Department for Transport to establish a network of 150 charging points. “The scheme aims to increase take-up of electric vehicles by ensuring owners can always find somewhere to recharge when making local journeys. “We have very recently appointed a contractor to install them, and are now working with them to finalise the programme. We expect the first charging points will begin being installed in the New Year.” The funding received from the DfT for new technology is also being used to replace old streetlights with new LED lights, which has already resulted in energy savings worth hundreds of thousands of pounds a year. READ MORE tinyurl.com/ybcg463j

Volume 109 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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News HYDROGEN

Hydrogen could deliver 20 per cent of carbon reduction targets by 2050 The Hydrogen Council has revealed its first study into the role hydrogen plays in future energy transition. The report revealed that hydrogen could account for almost one-fifth of total final energy consumed by 2050. This would reduce annual CO2 emissions by roughly 6 gigatons compared to today’s levels, and contribute roughly 20 per cent of the target required to limit global warming to two degrees Celsius. The Hydrogen Council sees the potential for hydrogen to power about 10 to 15 million cars and 500,000 trucks by 2030. Other sectors will benefit too, such as industry processes and feedstocks, building heating and power, power generation and storage. Overall, the study predicts that the annual demand for hydrogen could

increase tenfold by 2050 to almost 80 EJ in 2050 meeting 18 per cent of total final energy demand in the 2050 two-degree scenario. Takeshi Uchiyamada, Chairman of Toyota Motor Corporation and co-chair of the Hydrogen Council said: “Hydrogen is an indispensable resource to achieve this transition because it can be used to store and transport wind, solar and other renewable electricity to power transportation and many other things. The Hydrogen Council has identified seven roles for hydrogen, which is why we are encouraging governments and investors to give it a prominent role in their energy plans. The sooner we get the hydrogen economy going, the better, and we are all committed to making this a reality.” Achieving such scale would require

substantial investments; approximately US$20 to 25 billion annually for a total of about US$280 billion until 2030. Within the right regulatory framework – including long-term, stable coordination and incentive policies – the report considers that attracting these investments to scale the technology is feasible. The study also shows that hydrogen has the potential to develop US $2.5tn of business, creating more than 30 million jobs by 2050. The Hydrogen Council has 27 members including Toyota, Air Liquide, Audi, BMW, Daimler, Honda and Hyundai, and energy firms such as Shell and Total. READ MORE tinyurl.com/y88bfnpd

EV CHARGING

Chargemaster wins contract to operate Nottingham’s EV charge points Chargemaster has won a contract to install and operate charging points in Nottingham, Nottinghamshire and Derby over the next three years, as part of Nottingham’s Go Ultra Low City status. The three-year, £2 million contract with Nottingham City Council will see Chargemaster install around 230 charging points to support the growing number of electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles on the roads. At least 11 sites are set to be installed in Nottingham within six months, including

at park-and‑ride sites close to major routes. Chargemaster will be integrating the new network with their extensive POLAR user base, and offering discount rates to people and businesses within Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire. The new electric vehicle charging points will significantly expand the charging point infrastructure available in the area. READ MORE tinyurl.com/ybodexy8

EV RANGE

ALD exceeds NEDC rating on electric Hyundai Ioniq A team from ALD Automotive UK has exceeded the manufacturer’s NEDC rating on the fully electric Hyundai Ioniq. Driven by ALD’s Chris Britton and Hannah Dunsdon at the recent ALD/Fleet World MPG Marathon, the Ioniq achieved an average of 6.2 miles per kilowatthour over a 352 mile route.   This is an improvement on the manufacturer’s own

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NEDC rating of 174 miles. The ALD team’s Hyundai was one of two electric vehicles (EV) taking part in the event this year, but is the first and only EV in the event’s history to complete a whole day without stopping for a recharge. READ MORE tinyurl.com/ycz38nsb

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

CHARGING

Wandsworth aims for EV charging in all residential streets Wandsworth Council are expected to back plans for major expansion of electric vehicle infrastructure as part of plans to “embrace e-motoring”. Councillors on the community services scrutiny committee are likely to approve proposals that could see at least one charging point introduced in every residential street in Wandsworth. Town hall officials will be looking into the cost and logistics involved in providing the charging lamp posts. At the moment, Wandsworth has 35 charging points in 11 locations across the borough. There are existing plans to install another 50 in 20 other locations by the end of the year.

Councillors on the scrutiny committee are expected to back a recommendation that instructs the Director of Environment and Community Services to “develop this emerging and ambitious strategy yet further, by examining the technical and financial potential to deliver a network of such significant scale and coverage that it might cover all residential streets of the borough and would very likely positively influence behaviour change in terms of resident and business decisions on vehicle ownership.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/yc56sgbp


News

AIR QUALITY

Islington council to roll out diesel parking surcharge Islington Council is on its way to being the first local authority to introduce a borough-wide surcharge for diesel vehicles using short stay parking. The charge will be £2 per hour, and will apply to all diesel-fuelled vehicles. Diesel vehicles are linked with poor air quality and can emit up to four times more nitrogen oxides and twenty times more particulate matter than petrol vehicles. As an inner-city borough containing several major transport routes, Islington suffers from some of the highest pollution levels in London. Islington Council already has a diesel surcharge in place for resident parking permits, and will now introduce it to diesel vehicles using short-stay visitor parking. It estimates that between 25-30 per cent of the 1.59 million short-stay visitor parking sessions are made by diesel and heavy oil vehicles. The council believes the surcharge, which is due to come into effect in early 2018, will help to discourage the

use of diesel vehicles and reduce harmful emissions. Cllr Claudia Webbe, Islington Council’s executive member for environment and transport, said: “We hope that this measure will encourage owners of diesel vehicles to switch to cleaner, more sustainable modes of transport and lead to improved air quality in the borough. “We should not forget though that air quality is a problem for all London residents and we would encourage other local authorities to consider implementing a borough‑wide diesel surcharge. “The Mayor of London also has to do his part, and we would like to take this opportunity to reiterate our call to the Mayor for a diesel-free London by 2025.” The report recommending the surcharge will be considered by the Council Executive and is available on the council website. READ MORE tinyurl.com/y7z9s6gj

EV STRATEGY

Warwickshire council set to embark on long-term EV strategy Warwickshire County Council is set to commit long-term to the EV sector with an Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Strategy which will run through to 2026. The strategy, approved by cabinet, has been drawn up to enable the county to deliver infrastructure to meet increased demand for a network of public access electric vehicle points in the future. It is designed to provide the infrastructure necessary to enable residents, businesses and communities to regularly use electric vehicles confident that they will be able to recharge their vehicles quickly and conveniently. This will also help to address local air quality issues caused by emissions from petrol and diesel vehicles. This comes as the government announced plans to ban the sale of new diesel and petrol vehicles from 2040.

Objectives include supporting an integrated network of EV charge points; requiring private developers and landowners to provide EV chargers; and working with charge point providers to trial new technologies such as on-street lamppost charging and in-town rapid charging hubs. Warwickshire County Council portfolio holder for Transport & Environment Jeff Clarke said: “It will support our industries in this sector while delivering huge environmental benefits. There are a lot of exciting times ahead in this sector with technology evolving all the time and that means there is a lot of work still to do. This strategy will help us deliver real benefits for Warwickshire.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/ybpg42a3

LowCVP’s Andy Eastlake

A lifetime of low carbon

Fleet managers will be familiar with the term ‘total cost of operations’ (TCO), whether or not they already have, or are considering introducing, electric vehicles in their fleet. Since private buyers have had the opportunity to buy an EV, the term TCO has entered into mainstream discourse.  EVs are still, generally, more expensive to buy but money can be recouped in the form of lower running costs. The total cost of ownership is often lower for an EV than a conventional ICE car depending on its usage pattern. Less familiar, perhaps, but based on a similar idea is the concept of vehicle ‘total life-cycle emissions’. With the rise of electrification, this has become increasingly important as most vehicle emissions are transferred from the tailpipe to the power generation source and vehicle production. Over the last few weeks there have been several misleading headlines in leading newspapers suggesting that EV life-cycle emissions can be worse than those of conventional vehicles. While in extreme circumstances that can be the case, the impression given is that electrification may not be delivering emissions benefits. For example, by selectively comparing a luxury Model S Tesla powered by the highest carbon electricity, against a small petrol hatchback, it is possible to make this kind of argument. The LowCVP recently took the Financial Times to task (supported by the authors of the MIT report on which the article was based) over such a misrepresentation, pointing out that the article was highlighting an inappropriate comparison, presumably to attract attention. In fact, the life-cycle emissions of an EV operated in the UK compared with a similar size conventional car are, typically, around half even when the extra ‘embedded’ emissions associated with its manufacture are taken into account. Moreover, with the electricity grid rapidly decarbonising in the UK – and around the world – associated electric vehicle emissions are on a sharply downward trajectory. And – particularly important right now, of course – is that EVs don’t add to air pollution in the worst affected areas. We need to consider, too, the energy required to extract increasingly hard-to-reach fossil fuels from the ground which adds to the life-cycle CO2 emissions of conventional vehicles. With recent announcements (from Tesla) of 200kWhr batteries in cars and, perhaps, 600 kWhr, or more, in commercial vehicles, understanding the carbon embedded carbon in these products will become even more important to policy makers. Over the last ten years, the LowCVP has worked with a number of the leading organisations looking at life-cycle emissions of different automotive technologies and has produced several leading reports. We’re continuing this work and will be reporting next year on our latest findings. It’s important, though, that the fleet decision-makers of today are discerning when they review the evidence around EVs and other new car technologies; that they’re not swayed by the occasional attention‑grabbing headline. Please read further and look at all the evidence. We can ill afford to lose the drive and enthusiasm for progress that’s needed to make our low carbon transport system a reality.

FURTHER INFORMATION www.lowcvp.org.uk

Volume 109 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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News

EVENT

GreenFleet North East helps fleet managers understand more about the EV market GreenFleet North East has been hosted at Emirates Riverside Stadium to allow fleet transport managers from across the region understand more about the electric and plug-in vehicle market.  Held in partnership with the North East Combined Authority (NECA) and sponsored by leasing and finance experts Alphabet, the event took place on 19 October and focused on how electric vehicle technology can be integrated into everyday transport operations.  Delegates heard from Tobyn Hughes, managing director of transport operations at NECA, Stephanie Edwards, head of

strategy at the Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV), along with other experts, to gain advice on electric vehicle strategies and implementation. North East councils also explained the latest on air quality goals.  Vehicle manufacturers BMW, Toyota, Nissan and LDV were in attendance to showcase the latest zero and ultra-low emission vehicles and allow delegates to take them for a test drive. Vehicles available on the day included Nissan’s ever-popular LEAF, BMW’s i3, Toyota’s new Prius Plug-In and Toyota’s hydrogen powered Mirai. LDV meanwhile showcased its electric van, the EV80. Co‑Wheels,

an independently‑owned national car club, providing low emission, hybrid and electric cars on a pay‑as‑you-go basis, was also there on the day to share advice and information. The GreenFleet North East event, overall, helped delegates make an educated decision as to whether electric, plug-in and/or hybrid‑powered vehicles have a role to play in their everyday transport operations.  READ MORE tinyurl.com/ycws6qp6

CHARGING NETWORK

EV lamp post charging network to expand across Kensington and Chelsea Kensington and Chelsea Council have announced a project with energy technology firm OVO and ubitricity to allow more residents to charge their vehicles through lamp posts. The agreement will fast track the installation of an extra 50 SimpleSockets – ubitricity’s electric vehicle charging points, which draw 100 per cent renewable energy from street lamps across the Borough. The technology was trialled by the council earlier this year and is now being expanded to further increase ubitricity’s electric vehicle charging capacity across central London. The project – which will result in the largest charging network of its kind in central London – will be welcome news to half of Londoners who, according to research commissioned by OVO, are put off buying an electric vehicle due to a lack of charging facilities. SimpleSockets will be conveniently located next to pay and display parking bays and available for use 24 hours a day. With a low tariff of £0.15 per kWh of

electricity, running an electric vehicle will be affordable as well as accessible. Cllr Gerard Hargreaves, Kensington and Chelsea Council lead member for transport, said: “There is growing demand for charging facilities and a growing number of electric vehicles in Kensington and Chelsea. “Most residents do not have access to off‑street parking to charge an electric vehicle. Retro-fitting street lamps with charging technology allows drivers to conveniently charge their vehicles closer to home, while helping to tackle air pollution in London. “Lamp post charging is also more cost‑effective and much less obtrusive as the charging points require no additional street furniture. The Council is grateful for the support from OLEV from their Onstreet Residential Chargepoint Scheme.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/yd5mhw68

EMISSIONS STANDARDS

Emissions standard checker launched by HPI To help motorists understand if they have to pay a fine for driving a polluting vehicle, automotive data expert hpi has launched a free online tool to check the Euro emissions rating of a vehicle. A survey from the RAC found 38 per cent of motorists had not heard of the Euro Emission Standard classification system, while 64 per cent who had were unsure what category their vehicle fitted in. The RAC warned there was no easy way of finding out a vehicle’s Euro emissions standard. A £10 toxicity T-Charge has been introduced in central London for vehicles which do not meet the Euro 4 standard, generally those registered before 2006. The government has also given local councils the ability to bring in clean air zones with charges for the worst polluting vehicles. Fernando Garcia, consumer director at hpi, said: “The changing legislation around vehicle emissions can give motorists a real headache and leave them out of pocket. Our new online check is completely free and allows motorists to check the emissions standard of their vehicle and potentially avoid a fine.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/ydxmoeeg

Volume 109 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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LIVE STREAMING

DRIVER BEHAVIOUR

UTILISATION REPORTS

CRASH DECTECTION

GEO FENCING

TRACK & TRACE

VEHICLE HEALTH

OPTIMISATION & SCHEDULING

4G TACHO INTEGRATION CONNECTIVITY

4G get.trakm8.com/greenfleet


Commercial Vehicle News

Tesla Semi

ELECTRIC LORRY

Tesla electric truck unveiled Tesla has launched its first electric articulated lorry with a range of 500 miles on a single charge. It is expected to enter production in 2019 as part of plans to challenge diesel trucks on the road. It can do 0-60mph in five seconds

with a trailer attached. It is also claimed to be capable of achieving 65mph with a maximum gross weight attached. As reported by the BBC, chief executive Elon Musk, said: “It’s not like any truck that you’ve ever driven.”

READ MORE tinyurl.com/y8bbakay

TELEMATICS

ELECTRIC LCVs

Northampton council to use electronics to reduce fuel bills on refuse lorries

Electric drive to be offered on all models in Mercedes‑Benz Vans line-up

South Northamptonshire Council (SNC) is set to introduce advanced telematics on its refuse vehicles in a bid to cut fuel bills. In conjunction with Cherwell District Council, SNC will also investigate the expansion and improvement of existing electric charging points at council depots as a first step towards changing council vans and cars to electric power. Cllr Dermot Bambridge, SNC’s portfolio holder for environmental services, said: “Many new car owners are familiar with telematics, which show how efficiently they are driving. “We are now planning to fit extra electronics to our waste and recycling lorries to help optimise fuel usage on those vehicles.

“Our drivers are experts and the new technology will help them to get even better economy from the vehicles they drive. “We’ve tested a system over a month and it delivered eight per cent fuel savings. Across our fleet of 15 refuse collection vehicles that could mean a saving of up to £20,000 a year.” Cllr Bambridge went on to say that “looking ahead” charging points for its fleet could be extended for public use. He said: “Combined with solar panels, like the ones at our Tove Depot in Towcester, we hope eventually to have a light vehicle fleet with zero emissions.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/y7ududfr

Mercedes-Benz Vans plans to offer all its commercial van model lines with electric drive. This will start with the mid‑size eVito in the second half of 2018, with further model ranges following in 2019. The van manufacturer presented its holistic electric drive strategy at the eDrive@VANs workshop in Berlin. The focus was not just on the electric van itself, but also on a technological ecosystem tailored specifically to customers’ business needs. The new eVito is the first production vehicle to have been developed using this strategic approach. Volker Mornhinweg, head of Mercedes-Benz Vans, said: “We are convinced

by the necessity of electric drive in our vans, especially in city centre applications. “That said, electrification of the commercial fleet is not an end in itself, but follows the same principles as a classic drive when it comes to commercial feasibility. “With our eDrive@VANs initiative, we’re showing that only holistic mobility solutions extending beyond the drive itself present a real alternative for commercial customers. The eVito is the starting point and will be followed by our new-generation Sprinter as well as the Citan.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/y79c9a3l

REFUSE TRUCK

Lewisham welcomes second plug-in refuse vehicle Market-goers and traders in Lewisham are now benefiting from the introduction of a second Mercedes-Benz Econic refuse vehicle with Geesinknorba plug-in electric body.The truck, which is based on an 18-tonne chassis supplied by Dealer Marshall Truck & Van, is the subject of a contract hire agreement with NRG Fleet Services, an established supplier to Lewisham Council. The truck has been acquired to fulfil a specific role. Lewisham Market is situated in the heart of the community and operates six days a week – the Econic is used to compact and remove waste that would otherwise accumulate around the traders’ stalls each day. A 6x2 Econic with plug-in body has been in operation at nearby Deptford Market since 2011. Whereas conventional refuse vehicles rely on their diesel engines to provide the

power for bin-lifting, and the crushing and compaction cycle, Geesinknorba’s electric body fulfils these tasks almost silently and with the potential for zero carbon emissions. Noel Everest, the authority’s service group manager for passenger & fleet services, said: “The plug-in body is an ideal solution, as it means the vehicle effectively acts as a mobile compactor skip. The body runs on electric power so is very quiet, and when it’s full – which is usually by lunchtime – the driver can leave the market with relative ease to tip. “The Econic then returns and remains on site, typically until 7.30pm, at which point it comes back to the depot for the body to be recharged overnight.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/ycvhy3on

Mercedes Benz eVito

BIOFUEL

London buses to be powered by converted waste coffee grounds Shell has teamed up with bio-bean on a new project that will power city buses with waste coffee grounds converted to biofuel. According to Infrastructure News, The B20 biofuel contains a 20 per cent component which contains part coffee oil. The fuel is not available locally, but it is being introduced to the London bus fuel supply chain and will power some of the buses without the need for modification. Bio-bean’s founder Arthur Kay, commented: “Our Coffee Logs have already become the fuel of choice for households looking for

a high-performance, sustainable way to heat their homes. “It’s a great example of what can be done when we start to reimagine waste as an untapped resource. We’ve started in the UK, but imagine the potential of a country like South Africa that drinks more than three billion cups of coffee a year. By rethinking our approach to waste, we can create smarter global cities and a brighter future for everyone.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/ycsgmrbj Volume 109 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Industry Comment Written by Martin Flach, Alternative Fuels Director

HaveWORD 800 you been EDITwondering HEADLINE about alternative HERE fuels for AS TIGHT your commercial AS POSS fleet? IVECO’s Martinicidisquid Flach answers questions that commercial Udae nonsend quamsome elisimincim facepro et et, sed fleet operators have about alternative fuels and reducing emissions quodi blaborum ut molorem aut ationse nos eumquetheir laboribus et quoditiat dolo qui de volecab orerisqui nitibusdae nullacianti Q1. keen to my consequat a contribution towards the investment costs rest,I’m sitiatis ut improve idem quodi facimagnime pernatemquae carbon footprint and am for the provider, be it a large station or a nimus earibus, temtrucks. ipsaest moluptatium es net et costs obviously thinking about gas small station. Operating However, should I be concerned xoxoxoxothe infrastructure? about Whilst the gas infrastructure is clearly nowhere nearINFORMATION the level of diesel and petrol, FURTHER there are probably more gas stations than xxx people realise with a total in the region many of 40 throughout the UK. The gas station suppliers are working on plans that could see this number doubling within the next two years and all of them are very keen to look at any new opportunities. In many instances, upon purchase of a fleet of gas trucks, such as over ten heavy trucks, the infrastructure will be paid for by the gas supplier if an appropriate gas supply contract is signed. For individual vehicles, home fill units are available for a relatively low investment, for example, approximately £6K-£10K. Q2. If I am not near a gas main, how can I run a CNG vehicle? CNG stations in areas where there is no gas can be provided by two means. Firstly, the simple way, mother and daughter, so the daughter station consists of a series of gas cylinders mounted on a semi-trailer or a skid, which can be transported from the site to a major gas (mother) station and refilled as and when required. This technique is suitable for smaller numbers of vehicles. Secondly, there is a liquid to compressed gas station, where the gas is brought to site in LNG and evaporated and compressed on site. This is a more appropriate option for larger fleets. Both options offer operators an easy means of making the move to gas. Q3. This sounds like it is going to cost me more, can you explain? Gas is normally about a third less than diesel with the fuel duty differential guaranteed until 2024. The price of the gas will include

Martin Flach

vary between operators but typically we see payback on additional capital cost within two to three years, making gas vehicles good for the bottom line and good for the environment. Higher mileage vehicles that utilise more gas can be as low as 12 months to achieve payback.

Q4. Where do electric vehicles fit into the picture? Good question. Clearly electric vehicles have their place in transport operations, nothing can beat an electric vehicle for zero tailpipe emissions in the urban environment. We should recall though that electric vehicles are only as green as the electrical generation that powers them and the UK at present is still carbon heavy in the grid mix.We have seen the successful development of electric vehicles in the car and small van market over the last few years. IVECO have had the Daily Electric available as an OEM product for several years now, and several competitors have announced product developments that we will see shortly ranging from 3.5 to 40 tonnes. The challenges today are threefold, namely, weight of batteries, range of vehicle, and cost of vehicle. Step changes are needed to bring electric vehicles out of just niche operations into the main stream. Government can subsidise the cost through the plugged in electric vehicle grants, but that won’t address range and payload issues. This means that at the moment electric vehicles are really only suitable for urban short distance operations. Q5. Alternative technology vehicles tend to be heavier, is there anything being done to address this? Interestingly, the Department for Transport consultation for a derogation to enable B (car) licence holders to drive

Alternative fuels director, IVECO

up to 4.5 tonnes has just closed and we are optimistic that this will be adopted in the near future. This will enable car drivers to drive alternative fuelled vehicles without the payload penalty of the technology. This will open up alternative fuels in the critical 3.5 tonnes dot com operations enabling them to improve their emissions and environmental footprint. At the top end, 18-26 tonnes, the government have recently passed legislation to enable vehicles to be plated up to 19 and 27 tonnes providing parity of payload with the equivalent diesel vehicle. Q6.What are IVECO’s future plans when it comes to alternativel fuels? We are proud of our credentials and our ability to offer alternative technology products through most of the range, and we are looking to extend it into other segments not currently covered in due course, so watch this space for further developments. Our corporate message is that we are “your partners for sustainable transport” and this is what we firmly believe. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.iveco.co.uk

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DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net


Commercial Vehicle News

FREIGHT TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION

ELECTRIC TRUCK

Lake District holiday park invests in all-electric truck Park Cliffe holiday park in the Lake District has purchased an all-electric truck for estate management duties. The Alke ATX 210E utility truck from ePower Trucks, is deployed in a wide range of applications on the 25-acre site, from towing trailer-loads of 47‑litre gas cylinders to grounds maintenance and site cleaning. “We didn’t think an EV would be able to cope with the terrain, as it is very hilly,” said co-owner Susan. “But the Alke can do everything that the Land Rover we previously used was expected to do. Our employees really like it, especially the improved visibility from the cab.” The ATX 210E is a road-legal electric truck that is equally comfortable working off-road. Park Cliffe’s vehicle has a hydraulic tipper body with a tarpaulin cover, providing a payload of 635kg. The powerful

electric motor offers a maximum towing capacity of 2,000kg. Independent MacPherson front suspension struts and a De‑Dion rear axle help to ensure permanent wheel grip and reduce the risk of skidding. Located near Windermere, Park Cliffe holds a gold standard David Bellamy Conservation Award. It is known for its rich variety of wildlife, including badgers, buzzards, and roe deer. “The truck is much quieter than the Land Rover, so it minimises impact on the wildlife and also doesn’t disturb our guests,” said Susan. “However, it isn’t completely silent, so people can still hear it coming, which is an important safety element on a busy site like ours.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/ycem3y8b

AWARDS

Iveco scoops awards for clean air commitment Iveco’s commitment to using technology to improve sustainability has been recognised with two award wins in the UK. The judging panel at this year’s National Air Quality Awards presented Iveco with its Leader in Low Emissions Vehicle Award. Will Date, editor of AirQualityNews.com, commented: “Congratulations to Iveco on receiving the award for Leader in Low Emissions Vehicles. “The judges felt Iveco’s gas‑powered engines are really helping to lead the way in cutting particulate emissions and NOx. Reducing vehicle emissions is an important component in improving air quality both now and will be even more so in the future.” Iveco also scooped the Large Goods Vehicle Manufacturer of the Year award for the second year running at the GreenFleet Awards 2017. The two awards followed hours after the Iveco Daily Blue Power range was named International Van of the Year 2018, completing a hat-trick of major awards for

Iveco within the same week, and reinforcing its position as a true sustainability champion. Celebrating the victories, Pierre Lahutte, Iveco brand president, said: “These awards recognise our market and technology leadership in gas vehicles, plus our strategy to help customers become more sustainable, which benefits the environment and their bottom line. “Governments, fleets and communities are demanding better air quality and lower CO2 emissions, and we’re in the enviable position as a manufacturer of having a proven, cost-effective and immediate solution available through our extensive Natural Power range.”

FTA submission to Air Quality enquiry The Freight Transport Association (FTA) has written to an influential parliamentary enquiry into UK air quality, emphasising the importance of supporting the freight industry throughout the introduction of new clean air regulations.

Becki Kite, FTA Environment Policy Manager

The organisation is warning that under the current government Clean Air Plan, far too much of a burden will be placed on the logistics industry and that the practical implementation of Clean Air Zones (CAZs) across the country will badly hit operators, who are already struggling in a tough economic climate. A cross-party inquiry has been examining whether the government’s new air quality plan goes far enough and fast enough, to meet legal limits and deliver health benefits. FTA has made several key points to the re-launched committee. The trade body accepts that more needs to be done to reduce emissions and cut nitrogen dioxide levels. However, FTA believes that far too much pressure is being placed on the logistics industry, which has already made a significant contribution to the reduction of air pollution, particularly in the adoption of cleaner more efficient diesel engines. The FTA warns the proposed responsibility for reducing air pollution is not proportionate across different road users. It believes the new Clean Air Plan places too much responsibility on local businesses, particularly small and medium‑sized logistics firms who are already struggling under the burden of rising fuel prices and a sluggish economy. It maintains that the responsibilities and likely impacts should be shared more equitably and private car users should be expected to play more of a role. In addition, the government should be more proactive in looking at wider measures, such as funding the improvement of public transport and redesigning and improving the roads to reduce congestion and better-distribute traffic flow. FTA is also warning that proposals to introduce multiple Clean Air Zones across whole conurbations by the end of 2020 will be massively disruptive. Operators are not being given enough information or time to plan adequately for the introduction of CAZs. The requirement for Euro VI compliant vehicles was only brought in for vans in September 2016, which means that there will only be 2.5 years’ worth of compliant vehicles on the roads at the start of the new legislation, and as all these vehicles are relatively new, there is not expected to be a substantial second hand market from which operators can purchase replacement vehicles. The sudden introduction also means that businesses are in effect being asked to write off the cost of existing vehicles which do not comply – these could be virtually new. Essentially, the legislation expects the freight sector, on which urban centres rely for the delivery of goods and services, to take the full financial burden for the new rules virtually overnight. FTA is calling on the government to do far more to assist firms in making the changes. It must shift the financial burden away from individual operators and ensure it provides practical assistance for companies. FURTHER INFORMATION

READ MORE tinyurl.com/yaoyvxbq

www.fta.co.uk www.fta.co.uk/lcrs

Volume 109 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Electric Vehicles

An electric future needs big thinking and collaboration This government is serious about the decarbonisation of transport. From supporting the development of a British Battery Institute, introducing a plan to deliver electricity market flexibility reforms, and introducing higher mandates for renewable fuel, it is clear that key officials see the opportunity that a more electrified, lower-carbon transport fleet brings. From many corners of industry and the public, however, we as an organisation encounter skepticism as to our views on the likely pace of change, particularly in regards to electric vehicles. Why would a renewable energy trade body even be getting involved in the electric vehicle sector? Both are pertinent and urgent issues, and ones that our new report EV Forward View seeks to address.

VW has estimated that as many as 40 Tesla‑sized “Gigafactories” for manufacturing batteries may be needed globally to meet EV demand by 2025. For context, Tesla’s first “Gigafactory” in Nevada is anticipated to produce more lithium-ion battery capacity in 2020 than was produced by all manufacturers globally in 2013. Already Tesla is in talks with the Chinese to develop a battery factory there, and they are certainly not the only company developing such facilities. The EV Forward View report also lays out other key views, such as our belief that most carmakers have already stopped further R&D on diesel cars as of this year and that it is possible that 50 per cent of new car and van sales will be fully electric or plug-in hybrids in the UK by 2025. The Boston Consulting Group recently released a forecast that echoes our vision for the pace of change, estimating that half of the global car fleet would be electric (in some form, ranging from hybrids to fully battery electric) by 2030.

What is the role for a renewa ble ene rgy and trade a clean tech movingssociation in th vehicle e electric m forwardarket ?

The pace of change A quick survey of public policy in key manufacturing nations gives us a sense of the trends. While the UK and France have both confirmed that they will end the sale of new petrol and diesel cars and vans (without a battery element) by 2040, others are moving more quickly. The government in the Netherlands has proposed mandating that all new cars sold from 2030 are emissions‑free. By 2030 every car sold in India will be electric, a date that the German government is also considering for their phase-out. China’s “New Energy Vehicle” mandate, introduced this autumn, will ensure minimum new EV sales and has been called by one analyst as “probably the single most important piece of EV legislation in the world” (Colin McKerracher, Head of Advanced Transport at Bloomberg New Energy Finance). The results are startling. Between 2010 and 2016 Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF) estimates that battery pack production costs have fallen by 73 per cent. They expect costs to more than halve again by 2030. Beyond Tesla, a range of new entrants have entered the EV sector, ranging from Dyson (a new transport market entrant who has proposed creating their own EV from scratch) to established carmakers such as Volkswagen, who said that each of their models will be available as an electric version by 2030.

In terms of consumer behaviour, we anticipate consumers will be able to choose between multiple charging tariffs depending on the needed speed of recharge (different rates depending on if you are heading to Ikea for the afternoon or just popping into Tesco’s for eggs). Onsite renewables and energy storage technologies are going to be essential to reducing grid stress at such charge points. With 40 per cent of homes not having access to on-street parking many of these consumers will rely on public charging, potentially at work and supplemented by facilities at supermarkets, public car parks, and charging hubs that may start to replace petrol stations. Policy and technology developments all considered it seems that the direction of travel, so to speak, is clear. Now what’s needed is ambitious public policy and coordinated industry activity to ensure that the UK wins a significant share of this future high-value manufacturing capacity. Government policy The UK is well-poised to grow its manufacturing base given its existing position as a clean tech leader and as Europe’s fourth E

Credit: The REA

Written by Matthew Trevaskis, head of electric vehicles and Daniel Brown, external affairs officer, the REA

What does an electric vehicle future look like and what needs to happen to facilitate it? The Renewable Energy Association (REA) sets out its vision for the pace of change in the electric vehicle market, consumer behaviour, and calls for companies to get involved in the development of an industry-led UK Charge Strategy


Electric Vehicles

 largest vehicle manufacturer. We believe building batteries domestically will be key for securing future electric vehicle manufacturing, which is in line with the rationale of the recent R&D funding for advanced battery materials and vehicle-to-grid technology. The Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive, a piece of legislation that is being brought over from the EU, will make charging more straightforward for the public as it requires ad-hoc access to newly-installed public charge points from November. The Automated and Electric Vehicle Bill making its way through Parliament right now will give government the powers to impose requirements on large fuel retailers and service area operators so as to provide EV charging facilities. It also empowers the government to introduce minimum requirements on the “smartness” of charge points. Parliamentarians are increasingly compelled by this topic as well. The REA is working with the Rt Hon Cheryl Gillan MP (Con) to develop the All-Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) on Electric and Autonomous Vehicles, which will coordinate a range of events and activities for parliamentarians over the next twelve months with the aim of educating them with the most up-to-date facts. The debate around these issues is not just taking place in industry circles – the EV Forward View and several of its key recommendations were mentioned in the House of Commons chamber this October. Industry Activity All this said, what is the role for a renewable energy and clean tech trade association in

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The barriers between sectors are starting to break down. Power technologies such as solar and energy storage will be key to reducing both costs and grid stress moving the market forward? In summary, the barriers between sectors are starting to break down. Power technologies such as solar and energy storage will be key to reducing both costs and grid stress in this new system. Reforms laid out in the Smart Systems and Flexibility Plan, which the REA has long advocated for and worked on, will have significant impacts on the ability to deliver time-of-use charging and to manage the new stresses the transmission grid will be subject to. Electrification is also not the only decarbonisation option for transport, and there will be an ongoing demand for lower carbon liquid and gaseous fuels in heavy vehicles, shipping and aviation. Even during the transition to electrification we need a higher blend rate of renewables in our petrol (i.e. E10) in order to meet both decarbonisation and renewable energy targets. As a renewable energy trade body we are fighting the corner for both renewable fuels and for electric charging infrastructure that helps with the integration of increasing amounts of intermittent renewable power generation. Another benefit is that we can see the larger picture around how the power market will evolve. A report released at COP23 in Bonn by Bloomberg New Energy Finance,

commissioned by Eaton in partnership with the REA, forecasts that if market drivers purely drove deployment at least 63 per cent of the UK’s power would be generated from renewables by 2040. Variable wind and solar generation mean that there will be a key role for smart charging and vehicle-to-grid technology to maintain balance on the system. As a trade body, we hope to develop positions on a range of key topics, ranging from interoperability, the need for three‑phase power in new homes, and minimum power specifications for new commercial buildings. We are developing helpful documents to help companies interested in this emerging sector move into it. Crucially, we are also developing a UK Charge Strategy, an industry vision for what actions the public and private sectors need to take in the coming years, and are looking for a wide range of companies to input into it. The benefits are clear and the window of opportunity is here, right now. We need cross-sector collaboration and big thinking, and call for your input and involvement. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.r-e-a.net

Solisco EV-port pilot project


Advertisement Feature

The best of both worlds

Uniting performance and economy: the petrol-electric plug-in hybrid Golf GTE offers a compelling mix of engaging GTI-style dynamics and electric car sustainability Launched 43 years ago, the Volkswagen Golf range continues its success in 2017. A popular choice among corporate companies and company car drivers alike, a refreshed seventh‑generation model has just arrived. The Golf is one of few cars in the world to offer petrol, diesel, electric and petrol-electric hybrid powertrain choices. The plug-in hybrid Golf GTE debuted in 2014, and the latest version drives even greater value for money into a growing area of the UK market. A compelling mix The petrol-electric Golf GTE offers a compelling mix of engaging GTI-style dynamics, responsible electric e-Golf-style sustainability and generous diesel Golf GTD-style range. The hybrid five-door Golf, with both a 148bhp 1.4‑litre TSI petrol engine and a 75kW (100bhp) electric motor for a system power output of 201bhp, unites economy and performance in a flexible and appealing package. The total potential range of the Golf GTE is 514 miles and the GTE’s battery gives an all‑electric range of up to 31 miles. This opens up the possibility of driving significant distances cross-country using the TSI petrol engine and then completing the journey into a town or city under zero‑emission, full electric power. Official performance figures for the Golf GTE show it capable of covering the 0-62 mph sprint in 7.6 seconds, with a combined cycle fuel economy of up to 157mpg. To help with economy, the Golf GTE’s 8.7kWh lithium-ion battery can be charged

in 3.45 hours from a domestic mains outlet, or 2.15 hours from a domestic wallbox. Two trim levels The Golf GTE is available with a choice of two trim levels: the entry-level Golf GTE is joined by the new Golf GTE Advance. The updated GTE has seen a significant price reduction of £3,420 compared to the outgoing model, and with a Benefit in Kind tax liability of just nine per cent, it’s a compelling choice. The entry-level GTE offers generous levels of premium features such as full LED front and rear lights with sweeping indicators, ‘Active Info Display’ digital instruments, 17-inch ‘Rio De Janeiro’ alloy wheels, and Volkswagen’s Car-Net. The GTE Advance adds further luxuries such as 18-inch ‘Marseille’ alloys, an updated ‘Discover Navigation’ 8.0-inch colour touchscreen infotainment system, a Winter Pack (including heated seats), 65 per cent tinted windows, a front centre armrest, as well as exterior e-sound. The GTE also has an e-manager which allows the driver to preset vehicle charging, as well as interior cooling or heating. These functions can be operated remotely using the Car-Net app on a smartphone. Another handy feature is Traffic Jam Assist, which allows for semi-autonomous driving in speeds up to 37 mph. Five operating modes The Golf GTE can be operated in five modes: ‘E-Mode’, ‘GTE mode’, ‘Battery

Charge’, ‘Hybrid’ and ‘Battery Hold.’ In pure electric mode, the Golf GTE can travel up to 31 miles emissions free, at speeds of up to 81 mph. For many, this will take care of most of their daily trips, without having to use a drop of petrol. Electric power can also be saved – for example if you will be entering a zero-emissions zone. Meanwhile, ‘Hybrid’ mode allows the vehicle to intelligently switch between the electric and petrol engines, allowing for a range of up to 514 miles, fuel consumption of up to 166mpg and CO2 emissions from 38 grams per km. Battery Charge mode uses energy recuperation from braking and acceleration to charge the GTE’s batteries while on the move, while GTE mode injects an exhilarating boost of power by using electric and petrol simultaneously, with an impressive top speed of 138mph (where law permits). Combining the best of both economy and performance worlds, the Volkswagen Golf GTE is a more responsible use of power, making it an excellent choice for fleets and company car drivers. L FURTHER INFORMATION Discover more at: www.volkswagen.co.uk/gte For more information on the Golf GTE contact your local Volkswagen Retailer. To arrange a test drive contact our Business Centre on 0800 0093 397.

Fuel consumption and CO2 emissions figures are obtained under standardised test conditions (Directive 93/116/EEC). Official fuel consumption figures for the new Golf GTE range in mpg (litres/100km): Urban 56.5 (5.0) – 57.6 (4.9); Extra-urban N/A; Combined 156.9 (1.8) – 166.2 (1.7). Combined CO2 emissions 38 – 40g/km

Volume 109 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Electric Vehicles Written by Angela Pisanu

With support from

EV ROUNDTABLE It is possible to make a business case for electric vehicles, without grants and other subsidies. This was the message from GreenFleet’s EV roundtable on 15 September at London’s Tower Bridge

Cost is often cited as one of the reasons for not buying an electric vehicle. As with all new technology, EVs come with a price premium, which the government has tried to ease with its plug-in vehicle grant. But it is possible to make electric vehicles work for a fleet, even without grants and subsidies. Jersey Post has 30 electric Nissan e-NV200 vans and the organisation’s fleet manager Darren Moon describes the decision as a “no-brainer”. He explained that Jersey does not get any of the government grants that are available in England, but even when paying full price, the business case stacked up. Darren said: “We pay 1.8 pence a mile in an electric van and 30-40 pence per mile in a diesel. When you also take into account servicing and parts, the business case stacks up over a five-year period. It pays back in just under four years. Our fleet structure is a five year cycle so in just over a year we were in profit.” Andrew Pickford from Leeds City Council, which has 42 electric vehicles on its fleet, agrees that it is possible to make the case for plug-in vehicles without subsidies. He says: “You don’t need grants to get an electric vehicle. It’s handy, but beyond that, you can build an business case. That’s what we have done. We haven’t subsidised electric vehicles through any funding for our own fleet, we had to put in the work and go back and change the business case and procurement process. It was quite hard as a local authority to redesign how we assess business cases.” The perfect storm Political will, leadership, geography, public health – in terms of air pollution, and a good business case create the “perfect storm” for electric vehicles to work, the delegates agreed. In Jersey Post’s case, Darren pointed out that the island is only a 9 by 5 mile island and so range is not a problem, as well as the fact that he had support from management.

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Chris Chandler, principal consultant, Lex Autolease Chris has spent 25 years helping organisations of all sizes to run more efficiently and cost‑effectively. Since 1996, he has provided strategic fleet management consultancy to clients in a wide range of industries, with a focus on optimising operations. Chris is a recognised expert in sustainable transport and alternative fuels. Matthew Morgan, operations director, The Phoenix Works Matthew is operations director at The Phoenix Works, a national renewable energy installation company specialising in electric vehicle charging, solar PV systems and battery storage solutions. A qualified electrician, Matthew has seven years’ experience designing, installing and maintaining systems for customers from all market sectors.

Ben Wicks, senior campaign manager, Go Ultra low Ben has been working in PR and communications for more than eight years and has worked on the Go Ultra Low campaign for the past two and a half years. As senior campaign manager he oversees its social media, PR and content delivery, as well as the extensive fleet communications campaign. Being in London, Chris Rutherford from London Ambulance Service NHS Trust sees the affects that air pollution has on people and highlighted the fact that some schools have to close their playgrounds on days when air quality is at its worst. Being an organisation that is supposed to help people, London Ambulance Service does not want to be part of the problem. This, as well as the fact that senior figures within the Trust are supportive and proactive with the agenda, means Chris and his team are making progress in greening the Trust’s fleet.

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

Final piece of the puzzle Ben Wicks believes that as well as a good financial case, leadership and geography, the final piece of the puzzle is educating drivers. He says: “People can get into these cars set out to prove that they are not going to work.” In most cases however, the fleet operators around the table say that once drivers have driven an electric vehicle, they are hooked. Darren Moon shares his experience: “It’s a new technology and a lot of drivers had not driven an EV before, so I did have to talk them round. But it only took a day or two for


them to come back and say the vehicles were ‘awesome’. Within a year it spread through all our workforce how great the EVs were and when the next 15 arrived, I had drivers come up to me saying, ‘I want one of those’.” Chris Chandler from Lex Autolease spoke about the work he did with BAE systems providing 48 electric vehicles at Portsmouth Naval Docks. He said: “We got a demonstration vehicle for drivers to try and they soon spread the good news about the vehicles. By the time the actual vehicles had turned up, the drivers were all positive. They had an information pack on how to charge and this gave them comfort around the dos the don’ts. Since then, all we’ve had is positive feedback.” It’s sharing these positive experiences that go a long way in spreading the word about electric vehicles, believes Ben Wicks.

important to remember that air quality is a local problem and we can’t throw away the global warming issue for specific areas local. We need to look at what local air quality issues there are alongside the global co2.” Chris Rutherford explained how the Trust has contacted the Mayor of London asking what strategy they should adopt in terms of CO2 and air quality. He said: “We’ve got Emissions Analytics doing some work on our fleet to look at what the picture looks like if they are Euro 6 or all petrol.” How to engage people into caring about air quality, and therefore taking action, is another issue. When frankly asked whether customers care about the air quality efforts of organisations, the consensus was that they have higher priorities, such as service delivery and cost. Andrew Pickford discussed recent research on greener buses, which revealed that it is quality of services, fares and comfort that people care most about, rather than being transported in vehicles that are better for the environment. Andrew also spoke about the research Leeds is doing into how people view the problem of air quality. He said: “As soon as you start talking about 40,000 people dying from poor air quality, people distance themselves. You need to make people aware of how it is affecting them now to make people care about the issue.” E

ship, Leader l will, politica y, public ph geogra nd a good a health case create s busines rfect storm” the “pe electric for vehicles

Carbon targets vs air quality The group raised the point that the move away from diesel may damage efforts to reduce carbon emissions. The delegates highlighted that global warming is still very much a global threat, while air quality is a local issue – and if everyone moves to petrol, CO2 could increase. Lex’s Chris Chandler said: “The reduction in diesel and the big increase in petrol this year could see an increase in CO2. It’s

Matthew Morgan Operations director & electric vehicle charging / infrastructure specialist, the Phoenix Works Chris Chandler Principal consultant, Lex Autolease

Electric Vehicles

Event delegates

Lauren Pamma Head of fleet consultancy, Lex Autolease Ben Wicks Senior campaign manager, Go Ultra Low Darren Moon Operations manager, Jersey Post Ashley Grainger Project manager, Gnewt Cargo Andrew Hickford Project manager, Projects Programmes & Procurement Unit, Leeds City Council Chris Rutherford Fleet commercial manager, London Ambulance Service NHS Trust Michael Cook Senior fleet engineer, Babcock International Group John Curtis Event chair, motoring journalist

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Electric Vehicles  Vehicles have been a scapegoat for years, but it is the people that drive them that are the problem, according to Chris Chandler. He explains: “People blame the government because their policies aren’t right, or they blame the vehicle manufacturers because they make the polluting vehicles. But it is the people actually driving them that are causing the problem.” The group likened the air quality issue to the ban of smoking inside; people complained initially but changed their behaviour, and now, even smokers wouldn’t turn back. Event chair John Curtis asked whether in ten years time we’ll all look back and have the same view about our roads and how we all used to breathe in harmful emissions. A legal problem looming? The likelihood of someone taking legal action after suffering harm from air pollution could be a potential problem, according to John Curtis. He asked: “I wonder if one day there will come a time when people whose relatives have died early due to air pollution will take action against the government because they did not do enough to mitigate the risks when they knew that diesel was killing people.” Andrew Pickford agreed, and said: “I don’t imagine it will be long until there will be some test cases whereby civil prosecutions

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Delegates likened the air quality issue to the ban of smoking inside; people complained initially but changed their behaviour, and now, even smokers wouldn’t turn back will be raised against an employer for not taking action to protect employees from poor air quality, whether it’s a hotel doorman standing at the road side all day, or someone working in a bus depot.” Other alternatives The group raised the discussion about hydrogen as an alternative to battery electric vehicles and agreed that it is good solution because of the long range it gives vehicles and short refuelling time, but that it still has too many limitations. There are only a handful of hydrogen refuelling stations, although more are in the pipeline. Shell opened its first hydrogen refuelling at Cobham services on the M25 earlier this year and there are a few fleets now using this fuel, such as London’s green taxi company, Green Tomato Cars. Matthew Morgan from the Phoenix Works explained that the limited re-fuelling infrastructure is because the cost of electrolysis plants are very expensive and that

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

transporting hydrogen can be dangerous. However, stations that generate hydrogen on-site from renewables is an impressive solution, according to Michael Cook from Babcock International Group. Chris Rutherford raised the fact that the government has set aside £23 million, allowing companies to bid for the money to provide more hydrogen stations in the UK, which should improve the situation. L

The electric vehicle roundtable discussion also covered the issue of grid overload, renewable energy, and mobility solutions. These topics will be covered in the next two issues of GreenFleet. FURTHER INFORMATION www.goultralow.com www.thephoenixworks.com www.lexautolease.co.uk www.everwarmgroup.com


Udae nonsend icidisquid quam elisimincim facepro et et, sed

quodi ut molorem nos eumque laboribus It was an blaborum interesting, thought provoking aut ationse smart charging. The ability for the National day at Tower Bridgedolo on thequi 15 September. Grid to manage charging infrastructure to et quoditiat de volecab orerisqui nitibusdae nullacianti I thoroughly enjoyed the opportunity to prevent overloading local supply infrastructure rest, sitiatis ut idem quodi consequat facimagnime pernatemquae hear everybody’s thoughts and experiences is something which is being trialled today nimus earibus, tem into ipsaest esElectric net et on adopting electric vehicles fleets moluptatium through the Nation project in and everyday use. Clearly there are some collaboration with Western Power Distribution. xoxoxoxo to overcome before true mass challenges This project is actively proving that smart adoption occurs; range anxiety and charging charging works; when a local transformer infrastructure stood out as the main is reaching its upper limit a signal is sent to FURTHER INFORMATION issues to me. Representing The Phoenix smart chargers in the area which reduces the xxx an electric vehicle charging, solar Works, amount of power being delivered to vehicles. PV and battery storage specialist, I am So far, not a single customer has constantly looking for innovative solutions noticed a reduction in their charge rate. to all the problems discussed and am As smart charging technology evolves it confident viable solutions are imminent. is very likely that incentives for managed charging sessions will become common Can the National Grid place. Software companies known as accomodate the extra load? aggregators will manage portfolios of One issue which was raised in regard to charging infrastructure, selling the ability to charging infrastructure was the matter of reduce demand back to the National Grid. whether the National Grid can accommodate When a surge in demand is experienced the additional load which is going to be placed by the grid, the aggregator will be able to on it. In 2014, final energy consumption in the respond by reducing the power being delivered United Kingdom was no less than 21 per cent by their portfolio of managed chargers. lower than it was in the year 2000, according This has significant value to the grid who to Department of Energy & Climate Change will the pay the aggregator a fee for the (DECC) figures. Increases in energy efficiency service. The aggregator may in turn pass the of appliances, luminaires and machinery all rewards to portfolio members. This is known contributing to the savings. Clearly these as Demand Side Response and is also being significant savings have given us a bit of a deployed through complimentary technologies head start in regard to deploying electric such as battery storage and Vehicle-to-Grid. vehicles; an industry contact once alluded to a one per cent increase in consumption Smart metering being equivalent to 1 million EVs. The advent of smart metering with 30-minute A significant factor in managing the settlements will allow “time-of-use” tariffs additional loads placed on the grid will be to become more common place. Time-of-use

means that energy is sold at its market value at the specific moment in time, for example, buying electricity at 3am in the morning may be significantly cheaper than buying at 7pm in the evening as there is far less demand for the power. This simple incentive will encourage individuals to charge their EVs at the most economically advantageous time; a great way of shifting electricity demand to a period where there is sufficient capacity.

Written by Matthew Morgan, Phoenix Renewables Ltd

Industry experts and fleet operators gathered at Tower Bridge on the 15 September to discuss the challenges and future of electric vehicles. Matthew Morgan from Phoenix Renewables shares some solutions to the issues raised

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Looking 800 WORD back EDIT at the HEADLINE HERE GreenFleet EV Roundtable AS TIGHT AS POSS

Renewables and storage Renewable energy sources and battery storage technology will play a significant part in the UK’s energy security. Renewables are a simple, reliable, cost effective way of generating electricity. The downside being that generation is unpredictable and doesn’t necessarily occur when it’s required, for example, solar PV doesn’t work at night and wind turbines don’t work when it isn’t windy, it would be great if we could store the energy for use later on. The ability to store generated electricity from renewable sources for use later on is not a new technology but unfortunately price point has traditionally made the technology unviable. The significant uptake in electric vehicles has encouraged investment in battery storage technology meaning that storage solutions are much more cost effective, making the technology viable. Deploying renewables and storage technology can reduce the need for additional carbon based generation and help with UK energy security while reducing CO2 levels. I am confident that all the perceived issues with electric vehicles have and will be overcome with technology advancements. Please feel free to contact The Phoenix Works if you have any questions or technology requirements.L FURTHER INFORMATION 0113 815 5366 www.phoenixworks.com cs@thephoenixworks.com

Volume 109 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Interview Written by Angela Pisanu

A chat about Nissan’s electric ambitions As well as making electric vehicles, Nissan is looking beyond manufacturing to take on all aspects of EV ownership, including charging, energy storage, and ways EV owners can make money from their vehicles. Angela Pisanu catches up with Nissan’s EV manager Karl Anders and fleet director Iker Lazzari The recent Nissan Futures event in Norway laid out the company’s electric aims, which not only include the range-improved Leaf and e-NV200 van, but an involvement in all aspects of EV ownership. This includes public, home and work charging, and innovative ways EV owners can help smooth out The second-generation Leaf offers an improved range of up to 235 miles thanks to a larger‑capacity 40kWh battery

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peaks and lows of the demand on the grid. Explaining the company’s holistic approach, Nissan’s EV manager, Karl Anders told GreenFleet: “We are a car company but in the last few months I have learnt about voltage management, grid response and demand, and how the market works.

We have to take into consideration the big picture because we don’t want EVs to be a barrier or a drain on the grid.” The grid There has been a lot of noise about how the national grid would be able to cope if everyone charged their vehicles during peak times, mainly in the early evening when people return from work. Nissan’s bi-directional charging, or vehicle‑to-grid (V2G) charging, can mitigate this problem. It allows users to draw energy from the grid to charge their cars at different times, such as at night when demand is low and cost is cheap, and give energy back to the grid at peak times when it needs a boost. Nissan’s energy storage system xStorage, which was developed with Eaton, can also store energy when it’s at its cheapest, or store surplus energy from the house’s renewables. It then controls how and when that energy is put to use – whether it powers the house or goes back to the grid, saving the household money and helping to stabilise the national energy system. What’s more, xStorage is made from a second-hand vehicle battery, giving


Fleet benefits Vehicle-to-grid charging could also work well in a fleet situation where parked-up electric vehicles are plugged-in and are feeding into the grid. Karl explains: “Vehicles only use their battery for transport for a very short part of the day. The rest of the time you have got a vehicle and a battery that can be connected

to the grid and used for something else.” In theory, this means once a nominal charge has been paid by the business for the installation of a V2G charger there are no fuel or energy costs – just free power for the EV. xStorage can also be used in commercial buildings. The system works in the same way as the home storage system, selecting and storing energy according to the load, the grid constraints and the availability of renewable energy. The stored energy can then be used to power the business or to send energy back to the grid. Fast charging In 2018, Nissan’s new faster home and office chargers will become available. The double speed 7kW home charger allows EV owners to fully charge in five and a half hours – a 70 per cent reduction in charging time from the previous charging technology. What’s more, a 22kW charger will be available

for fleet and business owners where EVs can be charged in just two hours. In terms of the public charging network, Nissan has announced it will expand it existing outdoor charging network by 20 per cent over the next 18 months, meaning there will be over 5,600 quick chargers throughout Europe.

Interview

used-batteries another purpose. Karl explains: “People talk about EVs and their impact on the grid, but the grid isn’t flat; it changes over the different months and has different peaks in the day.” “We are using the vehicles and battery storage so when it is peak times, the battery can feed into the grid and when it is not peak times, it can pull from it.” “The charger can communicate with the grid and the vehicle and will be able to put all those decisions together and be able to balance it. That way, the peak gets spread across a much longer period. “For example, you could programme the system so that you come home and run your house on your vehicle for a few hours, then the vehicle would charge at an off peak time and be ready for when you need it in the morning.”

Enhanced vehicles The new Nissan Leaf will be available in January 2018 and has a longer range of 235 miles, as well as technological advancements such as ProPILOT – an advanced driver assistance system to enable safer and more comfortable driving and ProPILOT Park for fully autonomous parking. It also has e-Pedal technology to allow for driving and braking in a seamless way. The e-NV200 electric van has also had its range improved by 60 per cent, taking it to 174 miles without the battery taking up extra load space or payload.

In 2018, Nissa faster 7 n’s new kW and 22 home office c kW h will bec argers o availab me le

The end of ICE Has Nissan seen an increase in interest in electric vehicles since the government’s announcement to stop the sale of new ICE petrol and diesel vehicles by 2040? Karl believes so: “We have had a huge increase in fleets approaching us asking us for information because of our experience with electric vehicles.” Nissan’s fleet director Iker Lazzari added: “The announcement has made people that weren’t previously thinking about electric vehicles to show an interest and we are keen to work with them to develop solutions for them.” L FURTHER INFORMATION www.nissan.co.uk Nissan’s new home energy storage system allows EV drivers to plug their electric vehicle directly into the wall box to charge

Volume 109 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Autonomous Vehicles Written by Richard Cuerden, academy director, TRL

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Could a future with self-driving vehicles benefit fleets? Richard Cuerden, TRL academy director, outlines the connected and autonomous vehicle technology developments on the horizon which could benefit the fleets of the future Connected and autonomous vehicle (CAV) or self-driving technology is more than just a pipe dream. We are already seeing more and more autonomous vehicles enter the market, whether that is a new iteration of Tesla, or a prototype autonomous pod such as the ones featured in the TRL’s GATEway project currently taking place in the Smart Mobility Living Lab: London – a real-world test environment for connected and autonomous vehicles. The speed at which vehicle automation develops will be dependent upon a number of factors, including public acceptance, enabling

the infrastructure to support automation, and clarity over legal and insurance requirements. However, we are confident that we will see fully driverless vehicles being used for certain uses on British roads very soon, and the rate of progress will surprise many in the industry. The use cases may be limited to certain roads and environments, such as motorways or pre-determined routes within cities, but the UK government recently announced plans to invest an additional £200m

to bring autonomous vehicle research and development to the UK, and anticipates that the first cars will reach the market by 2021. The future is equally compelling for HGV fleets when considering the wide range of benefits which autonomous trucking technology developments could offer the sector. We believe the UK has an unprecedented opportunity to lead the world in trialling the first generation of connected vehicle platoons, which will

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Autonomous Vehicles

operate in a real-world environment to evaluate the potential benefits for fleets. The first real-world operational platooning vehicle trial The Department for Transport (DfT) and Highways England recently appointed TRL to lead the first real-world operational trial of platooning vehicles on UK roads. Whilst all vehicles will still have drivers, the project will collect information and independently evaluate heavy vehicle platooning under real-world operational conditions. The trial is seeing TRL lead a consortium of partners, including DAF Trucks, the UK market leader of HGV vehicle sales; Ricardo, which collaborated with TRL to deliver the HGV Platooning feasibility study completed for the DfT in 2014; and DHL, the global market leader in the logistics industry. Trials will be tailored to the unique requirements of the UK’s roads and collate the evidence required to better understand the fuel efficiency and reduced emissions gains on offer for fleets. Data will also be available to support research into safety, acceptance by drivers and other road users, implications for future infrastructure and the commercial case for adoption. HGV automation: compelling efficiency improvements But there is already reason to believe that a move to autonomous vehicle technology could yield a wide range of benefits to fleets on adoption. A move towards greater automation in logistics could deliver compelling efficiency improvements for the UK’s haulage industry and transport network, and we are working with the government to determine the full scale of these opportunities. Automated vehicle technology can boost efficiency, save money and reduce the likelihood of human error, improving safety. In terms of the impact on business’ bottom lines, autonomous vehicle developments will allow firms more control over their fleets, and ultimately their budgets. Equally, a move to automation could yield benefits for all road users, including a reduction in vehicle emissions and traffic. In the HGV sector, automation is presenting logistics managers with a range of opportunities. One of the biggest issues currently facing the logistics and freight forwarding sector is a perceived skills shortage. A 2015 report by the Baker Dearing Educational Trust blamed an outdated perception among younger people that logistics is a low skilled industry. A move to automation could potentially mitigate this skills shortage risk by changing the requirements of the industry and the opportunities available to new starters. The automated delivery sector: real-world initiatives Automated delivery vehicles have long been an ambition for online retailers and their fleets. Amazon has been investigating delivery drones for many years, while UK technology pioneer Starship Technologies is working on ground drones development

to replace people delivering goods. In terms of on-service fleet automation, progress has been slow to begin. However, Deutsche Post DHL (DPDHL), the world’s largest delivery company, recently announced plans to automate its delivery vehicles from 2018, upgrading its fleet of StreetScooter electric delivery vehicles. The firm says that it can make use of its current delivery networks to improve fleet efficiency and to bring 24-hour, seven-days-a-week deliveries to consumers. Safety first and key mass adoption considerations There is one key hurdle to be jumped before CAV technology becomes widespread. This is ‘how safe must a CAV be before society will accept its use’? Users will adapt to new technologies quickly if they are well designed and provide mobility in ways that feel safe, comfortable and enjoyable. First and foremost, passenger welfare and safety must be considered. A successful fleet must integrate into all traffic conditions, and therefore would need to meet crashworthiness standards that offer sufficient occupant and pedestrian protection as they would be operating in a traditionally busy urban environment, for example. A way round this would be to create a segregated system for the autonomous vehicles to run on, although this would require major infrastructure development. It will be some time before CAVs are developed that can complete end-to-end journeys and manage all driving scenarios and conditions more safely than human drivers. But it’s clear that this technology will be developed, which will free up time for drivers to engage safely in other activities, as well as yielding significant health and safety benefits for staff. Indeed, driving is currently the most dangerous daily activity staff undertake, and yet, more than a fifth of UK companies don’t have a road safety policy in place to manage this aspect of workplace health and safety across their fleet. A reduction in driving time

for employees constitutes duty of care on an employer’s behalf, thanks to the role this will play in reducing driver fatigue levels and lowering the risk of people making mistakes. Data monitoring challenges to mass AV fleet adoption should also not be overlooked. For example, fleet operators must have access to a system that allows them to monitor each vehicle to ensure they are functioning at a safe level. This ranges from mechanical faults to guaranteeing vehicles are clean enough for passengers to use on rotation. GATEway project The TRL-led GATEway initiative is an £8million research project that is investigating the use of autonomous vehicles in an urban environment. Working alongside a consortium of partners with funding from Innovate UK, the project is testing fully driverless, zero-emission vehicles for the movement of passengers and goods in the Royal Borough of Greenwich in London. GATEway is one of a number of projects taking place in the Smart Mobility Living Lab: London – a real-world test bed that is designed to help organisations bring solutions to market faster by allowing them to be trialled and validated in a real‑world environment. Vehicle manufacturers, OEMs, mobility service providers, insurance companies and tech developers can use the ‘Living Lab’ to assist with research and development, concept testing and validation, launching new technology or services, and to understand how new technology could work in the real world. In providing a welcoming and real‑life regulatory environment for testing, TRL is helping to accelerate the adoption of innovative technology and enabling the UK to play a pivotal role in the development of this global market over the next five years. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.trl.co.uk

Volume 109 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Industry Comment

Telematics now 800 WORDfor EDIT and the future HEADLINE HERE AS TIGHT AS POSS

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If you are considering your first telematics solution, or considering a change because you have outgrown your existing system, reflect on your current requirements but don’t forget to think about the future, advises Beverley Wise Last month I discussed the importance of that a third (32 per cent) of businesses Udae buy-in nonsend et et, sed gaining from theicidisquid workforce andquam making elisimincim still use paperfacepro to store business‑sensitive full use of available data when implementing information and that more half quodi blaborum ut molorem aut ationse nos eumquethan laboribus aettelematics system. Take these vital steps and (53 per cent) use spreadsheets. quoditiat dolo qui de volecab orerisqui nitibusdae nullacianti a telematics system can provide your business rest, sitiatis idemcost quodi consequat pernatemquae with many benefits,ut including savings Whyfacimagnime are businesses slow to take and reduction in environmental impact. moluptatium up newestechnology? nimus earibus, tem ipsaest net et But how do you ensure the solution remains Is it because they often make capital decisions fit for purpose as the needs of your business based on current needs, without bearing in xoxoxoxo change in the future? Let’s first look at mind the future scalability of systems they the business landscape more generally. invest in? Maybe they sign two, three or even five-year contracts with suppliers only to FURTHER INFORMATION A fast changing landscape find that, at the end of year two, they need xxx Businesses in 2017 are operating in an something bigger, better or more powerful. unprecedented time of change amidst a Often businesses amortise hardware costs digital revolution that continually changes over similar periods, meaning that they are the rules of the game. Small and medium stuck with relatively out-of-date hardware enterprises are particularly exposed to and are unable to adapt their technology at the opportunities and challenges this the same pace as changing business needs. fast‑changing environment brings. If you compared most ambitious and growing Keeping an eye on the future businesses today with how they looked It’s difficult balancing current needs with five – or even three – years ago, chances are consideration of what might be needed in many of them would be unrecognisable. the future. Let’s be honest, many business Many would now be serving new markets owners don’t have a road-map charting and customers who are likely more demanding their progress and those that do will find and expectant than in the past. Most would they rarely end up exactly where they have new ways of working, new staff, forecast. So, when selecting technology, new premises and of course, new vehicles. how can you ensure you consider what is Certainly, the more successful ones would be important to your business now and what much different in scale, capability and mindset. may or may not be required in the future? Technology adoption is key to success As businesses change and grow, their systems and technology requirements also change and develop. According to a recent study by Capgemini Consulting Group (CGC), the speed at which a business adopts new technology and how important new technology is to the culture of that business, goes a long way to determining its success. However, almost a third of businesses (31 per cent) admit being slow to adopt technological innovations, according to a recent study by TomTom Telematics. This finding is compounded by the revelation

Consider the solution provider The solution itself is important, but consider the provider of that solution. You may have been presented with the ideal piece of technology that will change your business– but before you jump in feet first, consider the supplier’s record on innovation, their current capability, and their financial foundation. All these things can help determine whether a supplier is equipped to work with you as your business develops, and whether their solution will stay at the cutting edge of technology in the near and far future. Consider my own company – TomTom Telematics’ undertake a significant annual investment in R&D, ensuring continual innovation and enhancement of our product offering to meet the current and future needs of customers. Integration holds the key to the future Yesterday, hardware was most the most important part of any technology. Today, the interplay between all the hardware and software in the business ecosystem is what makes the difference. Does your ERP talk to your CRM? Does your CRM talk to

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DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

Beverley Wise

Beverley Wise, Sales Director UK & Ireland for TomTom Telematics, has more than 20 years’ experience in the fleet industry. The former Corporate Sales Director at Lex Autolease joined TomTom Telematics in 2016. She is responsible for spearheading the growth of TomTom Telematics’ within the UK. your accounting software? And does your telematics solution talk to all of them? The days of a telematics solution being a metaphorical “island” are coming to an end. A telematics solution, however complex, that stands alone is of great use but limited in scope and ability to impact on business success. So if you are considering your first telematics solution, or considering a change because you have outgrown your current system, reflect on your current requirements but don’t forget to think about the future. Talk to potential suppliers about their plans for development, take some time to understand their capability to integrate with other functional systems that drive your business and ensure they have an ecosystem and attitude that can support you going forward. L FURTHER INFORMATION To find out how TomTom Telematics can help you and your fleet, contact 0208 822 3605 or visit www.telematics.tomtom.com


challenge. For instance, what does the xoxoxoxonew T-Charge mean for people London’s responsible for managing fleets? The extra cost adds another £10 on top of the existing FURTHER INFORMATION £11.50 congestion charge for vehicles that xxx emission standards that pre-date Euro 4. have And the London Mayor is looking to bring forward the roll out of the Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) to 2019, which means only diesel vehicles meeting the latest Euro 6 standards won’t have to pay a further charge. Following suit? Does this mean that other cities are likely to follow suit? The Clean Air Zone Framework has identified five other cities including Derby, Birmingham and Nottingham that need to improve air quality significantly. It’s not just the UK that is instigating plans to reduce air pollution in cities. France has a scheme in place in places such as Paris, Lyon and Lille, which means drivers need to apply and pay for a sticker, so they are permitted to drive in those locations.

The best choice What does this mean for the make-up of a fleet and what vehicles make for the best choice for a fleet manager? On the upside, it seems larger fleets tend to be more informed about government proposals and proposed industry responses and plans. In our latest Operational Fleet Insight report, 62 per cent of fleets are aware of the government’s recently published Clean Air Zone Framework and 66 per cent of them support the introduction of them, but many feel more should be done to help facilitate the introduction of alternative fuels. Nearly half of fleet managers (47 per cent) feel that governmental organisations should be lobbying for greater investment in electric vehicle infrastructure. However, fleet managers are counting on there being changes to their fleets. Currently, 94 per cent of fleets are made up of petrol

powered by alternative fuels, that is expected to rise to 63 per cent in the next five years. Yet, that growth is dependent on fleet managers expecting there to be improvements in terms of the capabilities of alternative fuelled vehicles. This in turn is leading to an element of frustration about the lack of progress with the development of alternatives to diesel-powered vehicles. Many fleet managers can feel under pressure to investigate alternatively powered vehicles, but feel they lack the information to make the right strategic decision or feel that the government, manufacturers and suppliers are just not pushing the agenda forward quickly enough.

Incorporating electric vehicles When it comes to incorporating electric vehicles (EVs) on their fleet there are some hurdles that managers want clearing. The biggest improvement they want to see is in terms of EVs’ range with 82 per cent of fleet managers citing this. Lack of infrastructure ranks the same as limited range for an area of concern among fleet managers who want to see more charging stations, and a wider range of vehicle choice is close behind at 80 per cent. Electric vehicles will also need to handle larger payloads with 79 per cent of fleet managers registering this as a concern to overcome if they are going put EVs on their fleet. What’s also clear is that if tougher emission targets are to be introduced, then fleet managers want to see the government leading the way to make it easier for fleets to consider using an alternative fuel. It’s not just about electric powertrains and alternative fuels though, that fleet managers have concern about. They also want to see greater investment for in‑vehicle technology, with 77 per cent of fleet managers wanting more advanced technology included in the vehicle. Across the different business sectors, there

Nearly half of fleet managers (47 per cent) feel that governmental organisations should be lobbying for greater investment in electric vehicle infrastructure

Stuart Thomas Written by Advertisement Feature

There is no escaping it. The effect of diesel emissions on air quality, stories about how they affect people’s health and the introduction of toxicity charges on vehicles seem to make up a daily diet of news stories Udae nonsend icidisquid quam elisimincim facepro et et, sed quodi blaborum ut molorem aut ationse nos eumque laboribus It that restrictions are and diesel-powered vehicles,nullacianti but in five years’ etmeans quoditiat dolo and quicharges de volecab orerisqui nitibusdae being brought in on vehicles entering cities time, fleet managers expect that to have rest, sitiatis ut idem quodi consequat facimagnime pernatemquae that don’t meet certain emission targets. For dropped to 74 per cent. Correspondingly, nimus earibus, tem an ipsaest moluptatium eshave net30etper cent of vehicles fleet managers this presents ever‑growing while fleets

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WhatWORD 800 do Clean EDITAir Zones HEADLINE mean for fleets? HERE AS TIGHT AS POSS

Stuart Thomas, head of fleet and SME – the AA are varying degrees of awareness of the government’s Clean Air Zone Framework with the Business Services sector having the highest awareness at 75 per cent while it is the construction & facilities management sector that has the lowest at 49 per cent. Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are not far behind in having the lowest awareness at 58 per cent, while IT & Telecoms have a shade more awareness at 59 per cent. The impact of Clean Air Zones What is clear is that of those that know about Clean Air Zones, all are aware of the enormous impact a Clean Air Zone would have on them if they came into effect. Many operational vehicles are used in urban areas so understanding the latest government regulations and ensuring that all the fleet vehicles comply with emissions targets is key. It’s not that fleets are against Clean Air Zones – indeed 65 per cent of all the business verticals support the idea with many agreeing with the benefits that could come from the implementation of them in cities. For instance, 71 per cent of all the business verticals agreed with the idea of lower parking fees for ultra-low emission vehicles and 73 per cent agreed with the idea of free entry into Clean Air Zones for vehicles meeting minimum emissions standards. What’s clear, that while many in fleets agree with the idea of Clean Air Zones and there is a growing awareness of the government proposal, there is a majority view that there should be more done by the government, manufacturers and suppliers to make the uptake of alternate fuelled vehicles an easier proposition than is the case now. Given the desire to reduce levels of pollution in our cities, this is a goal that is in everyone’s interest to achieve. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.theaa.com

Volume 109 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Road Safety Written by Ross Moorlock, fleet director, Brake

Fleets urged to be wise in winter During the winter months, it’s vital that companies employing drivers take extra steps to manage the risks and remind drivers of the dangers. Ross Moorlock, fleet director at road safety charity Brake, shares some tips

In bad , r weathe s are oad major r ely to be more likllow plenty A gritted. for hold-ups of timeavoid minor and l roads rura

Winter is approaching fast and average temperatures are starting to plummet. The weather can be unpredictable and turn quickly, making roads treacherous. Ice, snow, heavy rain and fog significantly increase the risks on roads. Stopping distances can double in the wet and increase ten‑fold in ice and snow, and if you can’t see clearly, you can’t react to hazards. Driving in bad weather can be lethal. During the winter months, it’s vital that companies employing drivers take extra steps to manage the risks and remind drivers of the dangers. This includes introducing appropriate policies, training and driver assessments as well as using the safest possible vehicles and ensuring they are rigorously maintained and fitted with appropriate safety features. Drivers also have a responsibility to ensure they are as safe as possible and must work together with fleet managers to ensure everybody is well prepared. Brake urges all fleet managers and drivers to follow the A, B, C of staying safe in winter and bad weather conditions. Avoid driving If weather conditions are severe or predicted to be severe or weather warnings have been issued, do not let drivers set out on a journey. It’s important for fleet managers and drivers to check weather forecasts and traffic news regularly for warnings of hazardous conditions. If bad weather is expected, or has

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already started, consider whether to re-route or postpone a journey. Remember that certain conditions are more dangerous depending on road type. Consider whether drivers might become stranded in remote locations and whether they will have to drive at night in bad weather, compounding the risk due to lower visibility. Ensure all managers understand the risks of driving in dangerous conditions and always put safety first. Managers should instruct drivers who are already somewhere else to make an overnight stay if conditions are severe, rather than press on. Also ensure that a manager is always aware of drivers’ routes, schedules, location and expected times of arrival. Be prepared There are a few ways your drivers can prepare to remain safe if weather deteriorates when they are already on the road. Make sure your vehicles are fit to drive in bad weather – vehicles should be regularly serviced and maintained. Regular checks by drivers are especially important in periods of bad weather. All drivers should carry out thorough walk-round checks at the start of every shift using a company walk-round check-list without fail and immediately report any defects or concerns. Drivers must ensure there is anti‑freeze in their radiator and windscreen washer bottle and keep an ice-scraper and de‑icer in their vehicle at all times.

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

Keep emergency kits in your vehicles. This might include a torch, cloths, a blanket and warm clothes, food and drink, first-aid kit, spade, warning triangle, and high-visibility vest. Drivers should always take a well‑charged phone in case of emergencies, but must not be tempted to use it when driving. Drivers should choose the safest route. Check forecasts and plan routes carefully. In bad weather, major roads are more likely to be cleared and gritted. Allow plenty of time for potential hold-ups and avoid minor rural roads where it will be difficult to seek rescue should drivers get stuck. Careful, cautious driving If your drivers do get caught in bad weather, they should follow these steps to minimise the dangers. Slow right down: if visibility is poor or the road is wet or icy, it will take you longer to react to hazards and you should reduce your speed accordingly. Take corners very slowly, and reduce speed further if your view of the road ahead is obscured. Always stay well within the speed limit and look out for temporary speed limit signs. Never speed up suddenly if fog seems to have cleared. Fog can be patchy and you may suddenly re-enter it. Maintain a safe gap behind the vehicle in front as that is your braking space in a crisis. In wet conditions you should leave four seconds, and in ice or snow, drop right back as much as possible. Stopping distances are double in the wet, and can be 10 times greater in icy weather. Never hang on someone else’s tail lights. This can provide a false sense of security and mean you’re not fully focused on the road.


Snow and ice If you get caught driving in snow and ice, use the highest gear possible to avoid wheel spin, but taking care not to let your speed creep up. Brake gently to avoid locking the wheels. Get into a low gear earlier than normal and allow the speed of the vehicle to fall gradually. Take corners very slowly and steer gently and steadily to avoid skidding. Never brake if the vehicle skids, instead, ease off the accelerator and steer slightly into the direction of the skid until you gain control. If stuck in snow, do not spin the wheels or rev the vehicle, as this will dig the vehicle further in. Instead, put the vehicle into as high a gear as possible and slowly manoeuvre the vehicle lightly forwards and backwards to gently creep out. If you are stuck fast, stay in the vehicle unless help is visible within 100 yards.

Road Safety

Be extra vigilant for people and hazards, such as people on foot, bicycles, motorbikes and horses, which are harder to spot in adverse weather. Drive slowly and cautiously so you are able to spot vulnerable road users in plenty of time and not put them in danger. Look out for signs warning of hazards, people, adverse conditions or temporary lower speed limits. Stay in control by avoiding harsh braking and acceleration, and carry out manoeuvres very slowly and with extra care. Put lights on in gloomy weather and when visibility is reduced. Use front and rear fog lights in dense fog. Remember to switch off fog lights when visibility improves.

It’s important for fleet managers and drivers to check weather forecasts and traffic news regularly for warnings of hazardous conditions. If bad weather is expected, or has already started, consider whether to re-route or postpone a journey Do not abandon your vehicle as this can hold up rescue vehicles. Rain and floods Follow these tips if you get caught driving in heavy rain and floods. Keep well back from the vehicle in front as the rain and spray makes it difficult to see and be seen. Look out for steering becoming unresponsive, which can happen if water prevents the tyres from gripping. If this occurs, ease off the accelerator and gradually slow down. If possible, pull over somewhere safe until the rain stops and the water drains away. Never attempt to cross a flooded road if you are unsure how deep it is; only cross if you can see the road through the water. Apart from potential damage, many vehicles require only two feet of water to float. If driving on a flooded road, stay in first gear with the engine speed high and drive very slowly. Do not drive through floodwater if a vehicle is coming the other way. If possible, drive in the middle of the

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road to avoid deeper water near the kerb. Test brakes immediately after driving through water by driving slowly over a flat surface and pressing the brakes gently. Warn passengers first. In high winds and winter sun In high winds, take extra care passing over bridges or on open stretches of road exposed to strong winds. If your vehicle is being blown about, slow right down and take great care to maintain a steady course. Keep well back from motorcycles and high-sided vehicles as they can be particularly affected by turbulence. Meanwhile, in winter, dazzle from low sun can be dangerous. Keep a pair of sunglasses in the vehicle all year round (prescription if needed) and keep your windscreen clean. Wear your sunglasses in bright sunshine, especially if the sun is low or reflecting off a wet road. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.brakepro.org

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Volume 109 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Tyre Safety

Taking time for tyre maintenance Tyre safety charity TyreSafe is reminding drivers that ignoring tyre maintenance can not only increase their motoring costs, it can increase their risk of being involved in an incident

Tyre safety charity TyreSafe is reminding motorists that regular tyre checks will not only help road users stay safe, it will also help them to avoid unnecessary bills. When it comes to insurance, an insurer may not be obliged to pay the owner’s costs if an incident they are involved in is proven to have been caused by defective tyres on their vehicle. In such instances where poor tyre maintenance is proven, the insurer may only be required to pay the third party costs and not those incurred by the person deemed to be responsible. To be certain, always check tyres are in good roadworthy condition. Tyres driven below the vehicle manufacturer’s recommended setting increase the amount of fuel used. Tyres will also wear more quickly, meaning owners may only benefit from 90 per cent of a tyre’s potential life and will need to change them more regularly. To avoid this, find the right setting, which can be found in the handbook, door sill or filler cap, and use an accurate gauge to check the pressure is correct before setting off. Tread depth Driving with tyres which have tread below the legal minimum limit of 1.6mm leaves drivers vulnerable to a potential £2,500 fine for each tyre found to be illegal. It is almost impossible to predict how quickly a tyre’s tread will wear,

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Buying used tyres While the biggest concern with buying used or part worn tyres is uncertainty of their safety, they also cost more in the long term. Part worns can legally be sold with a minimum tread depth of 2mm, leaving just 0.4mm before reaching the legal limit but even those

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

TyreSafe will be giving 2,000 digital tread depth gauges for use by traffic officers across the country when they conduct stop checks at the roadside. It’s the first time tyres will be included on the list of recommended visual vehicle checks carried out by police officers, and is considered as a significant step forward in carrying the tyre safety message directly to motorists. With accurate digital gauges to precisely measure the tread depth, drivers can immediately be made aware of the amount of tread remaining on their vehicles’ tyres. All those drivers will be reminded of the 1.6mm minimum legal limit for tread depth. However, police officers will also paying attention to tyres’ general condition and highlighting the importance of ensuring tyres are inflated to the correct pressure.

Tyr driven bes the veh elow recomm icle’s ended setting i n c r e a amoun t of fuese the l used and wil l w more q ear uickly

so the only way to be sure is regularly checking it. Ideally a tread depth gauge should be used but a 20-pence piece may be used as a guide. When inserted into the tread, if the border of the 20-pence piece is clearly visible, it may be illegal and should be checked by a professional using an accurate gauge. Defective tyres are the second most common cause of cars’ MOT failures in Britain and tyre pressure monitoring systems (TPMS) are also part of the test. If a car is failed for defects with either, it cannot legally be driven away from the test station, leaving the owner with fewer options to shop around for the best price to have them fixed or replaced. Regular checks every month will highlight these defects in advance of the MOT.

TyreSafe supports national roads policing tyre safety initiative

sold with deeper tread will not have the same amount of life left as with a new tyre. TyreSafe research has shown it can cost over £1 more per mm of tread for a part worn than a new tyres.

Time cost Breakdown recovery services attend hundreds of thousands of call-outs for drivers suffering tyre-related issues on Britain’s roads every year. This not only leaves vehicles and occupants stranded in vulnerable situations next to busy roads, it also costs huge amounts of time for those travelling and other road users caught in the aftermath. A substantial proportion of these incidents could be avoided by regular tyre checks. Stuart Jackson, chairman, TyreSafe, said: “Safety on the roads is always of paramount importance but drivers should also be aware that ignoring tyre safety is a false economy. In any other instance, if someone was asked to do something which not only makes them safer but also saves them money, they’d consider it a ‘no-brainer’ – so why not with their tyres? Tyre checks are a win‑win, and TyreSafe encourages all Britain’s motorists to make this maintenance routine, at least once a month every month.”


Tyre Safety

Winter driving With a cold weather warning sweeping the nation, now is the right time for drivers to pay particular attention to tyre safety. That makes winter tyres an option for many but all road users should at least ensure tyres are in good condition and ready to face all possible road conditions. As the UK’s average mean temperature is below 7°C throughout the winter months, winter tyres become the optimal choice for motorists. Even at low temperatures, they stay supple and provide the best levels of grip unlike summer tyres which harden in these conditions. Winter tyres also have an increased number of ‘sipes’ or grooves in the tread allowing more contact with the road in icy or wet conditions. All-season tyres are an increasingly popular option as they provide better performance than summer tyres in winter and are designed to be driven all year‑round. However, they do not offer the optimal performance of summer tyres in warm weather or winter tyres in the cold. When deciding whether winter or all-season tyres are their best option for the months ahead, TyreSafe is recommending owners consider their own driving requirements and, most importantly, ensure they and their tyres are prepared for winter driving. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.tyresafe.org

sgfleet announces a new brand structure following the recent integration with Fleet Hire and Motiva The new structure gives sgfleet a competitive advantage, taking the strong attributes of each individual organisation and creating an offering that provides their customers with an integrated mobility solution. A dedicated marketing project team was created to develop and work through the branding strategy to ensure the Fleet Hire and Motiva brand promise was maintained. Now, as a combined group with increased investment and resources, the existing culture of exceptional customer service and operational excellence will continue to build further. sgfleet confirmed that the integrated UK businesses will operate two brands: sgfleet and motivadirect. sgfleet offers fleet management and

employee benefits solutions while motivadirect covers used car retailing. motivadirect is a consumer operation, with a separate customer base to the fleet and employee benefits solutions business. David Fernandes, UK Country Head, said: “I am really pleased with the way the integration has progressed and we are already seeing some real positive results. The branding was always going to be very important and we wanted to take time to consult with everyone involved before we made any decisions”. As Fleet Hire and Motiva both have a loyal and highly valued customer base, sgfleet have ensured its customers were completely briefed and comfortable with the integration before the news was shared publicly.

Graham Hale, Managing Director, said: “We joined the SG Fleet Group back in August 2016 and the new branding of the combined business in the UK is a logical progression from the individual brands as sgfleet’s presence in the UK expanded. As a larger, combined and fully integrated business, built on outstanding customer service, innovation and operational efficiency, we will continue to develop additional and improved solutions for both new and existing customers”. Peter Davenport, Executive Director Fleet Solutions, noted: “The suite of products we have, such as motrack, supported by the strategic plans that sgfleet has for the UK, allow us to bring a very attractive proposition to our customers. The investment which sgfleet is putting into our systems will also deliver additional benefits for our customers.” The SG Fleet Group currently manages 150,000 vehicles across the UK, New Zealand and Australia, with 13,000 of those vehicles located in the UK. SG Fleet is listed on the Australian Securities Exchange. FURTHER INFORMATION www.sgfleet.com

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Now in its 13th year, the GreenFleet Awards 2017 took place on 23 November and brought together leaders of the fleet and motor industries to celebrate the brilliant work done over the past year to reduce the environmental impacts of fleets and recognise the zero and ultra low emission technology available. The awards, which were sponsored by environmentally-focused rental company Green Motion, highlighted organisations which have successfully adopted low emission vehicles and innovative fuel-saving solutions into their fleets, along with manufacturers and innovators of low carbon technologies. A green backdrop This year’s awards followed a number of government announcements aimed at tackling

Awarding excellence Delegates enjoyed a pre-dinner drinks reception, sponsored by van manufacturers LDV, and were able to take part in Carfool Karaoke. Singing in a Mini Countryman PHEV, the group with the best rendition of their chosen song won a bottle of champagne. This year’s winners were Dundee City Council and Rockingham. Delegates were then treated to a three‑course meal and a selection of wine, supplied by Toyota. Comedian Ellie Taylor then proceeded to announce the winners of this year’s awards. The big winner of the night was Richard Lowden, the founder and CEO of Green Motion, who picked up the Outstanding Achievement Award in recognition of committing to E

The awards hig organis hlighted a poor air quality in the UK have ad tions which and developing greener emissio opted low modes of transport. The mayor of London, fuel-savn vehicles and Sadiq Khan announced ing s that an Ultra-Low Emission into theolutions Zone will be implemented ir fleets in the capital which will see all cars, motorcycles, vans, minibuses and heavy vehicles driving in central London that do not meet the emissions standards be required to pay a daily charge in addition to the Congestion Charge. This will replace the recent T-Charge, which was rolled out to help deter motorists from using older, more polluting vehicles. Also this year, the passage of the first stage of the Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill

Written by Andrea Pluck

The Ricoh Arena in Coventry played host to this year’s GreenFleet Awards, which saw comedian Ellie Taylor present over 20 awards to organisations and individuals in recognition of their contribution to green transport and environmental fleet management

GreenFleet Awards 2017

Praising efforts in the green transport sector

began, which aims to increase the availability of charge points for electric vehicles as well as making charge points compulsory. £11 million has also been pledged by the Department for Transport in order to help roll out greener buses in towns and cities across England and Wales. The event followed the 2017 Spring Budget which included the announcement of a new £400 million charging infrastructure, with a further £40 million available for EV charge point R&D.

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araoke arfool K ners of C The win

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GreenFleet Awards 2017 Geotab scooped IT Innovation Award, sponsored by Green Motion and presented by host and comedian Ellie Taylor

This year’s awards followed a number of government announcements aimed at tackling poor air quality in the UK and developing greener modes of transport  environmentally-friendly transport. In 2007, Richard launched Green Motion and it still remains the world’s first ‘environmentally friendly’ car rental company. Ten years on the business has since expanded to over 30 countries, all of which share his green vision. This year’s winner of the 2017 Rental Company of the Year category was Northgate Vehicle Hire. With a fleet size in excess of 50,000 vehicles, which includes the Nissan LEAF, eNV200s and Peugeot Partner EVs, the firm has telematics running in almost 4,000 commercial vehicles and is also set to embark on a trial using hybrid vans. The Private Hire/Taxi Company of the Year award went to Green Tomato Cars, fending off competition from Addison Lee and Radio Taxis Southampton. Green Tomato Cars introduced the Toyota Mirai zero-emission electric fuel-cell vehicle into its fleet in 2016 and has since committed to bringing in an additional 50 in 2018 to replace its current Black Car Service Vehicles. The next award up for grabs was received by Lex Autolease for Leasing Company of the Year. Sponsored by telematics specialists Geotab, the accolade was awarded for the company’s innovative environmental solutions.

The firm currently has more than 14,000 alternatively‑fuelled vehicles in its fleet, many of which are plug-in. Lex Autolease have also appointed charge point provider podPOINT to look after its installations. With a history of promoting ultra-low and zero emission vehicles, the firm has also been commended for helping BAE Systems replace a significant proportion of its diesel fleet at Portsmouth Naval Base with electric vans by using telematics to determine the number of electric vehicle that could be deployed. Technology at its best Geotab scooped the IT Innovation Award, sponsored by Green Motion, for its GO telematics device, which helps monitor information on dangerous driving habits, pothole detection, parking, weather conditions, CO2 emissions, and traffic flow. The win was determined by Geotab’s philosophy to “develop for the future, embrace change, and innovate”. Runners up in the category include: Speedy Hire, Lightfoot, Chevin Fleet Solutions, and LEVL Telematics and Airmax Remote. New this year was the Charging Infrastructure Provider category which was

received by Chargemaster. The firm was commended for setting the standards in the industry with its offering of charging solutions for the home, workplace and general public charging. Chargemaster has also tripled the size of its customer services team in the last 18 months while extending the opening hours of its customer service helpline. Also, this year, the company has launched its new compact electric vehicle charging point designed specifically for the work place known as Powercharge. Larger fleets More and more cities have been identifying air quality issues and as a result implementing Clean Air Zones. Those affected the most by the new regulation is larger fleet vehicles, putting more pressure on truck manufacturers to produce a range of alternatively-fuelled trucks that are suited for long-haul, urban and city journeys. As a result, Iveco was crowned LGV Manufacturer of the Year, sponsored by Green Motion for its commitment to develop vehicles in light of tougher emissions regulations. Iveco is now producing CNG, LNG and electric powered vehicles in order to meet most demands. The firm also recently held a trial which showed one of its trucks go from John O’Groats to Land’s End on a single tank. The LCV Manufacturer of the Year category followed after, which was received by LDV. The firm is the first to produce a larger vehicle with options ranging from panel vans to tipper trucks and have also secured a place on E Volume 109 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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specialists Elmtronics. The car maker was commended for its new battery technology and increasing the range on its small car and van offering. The Renault Zoe has been an attractive electric model since its launch in 2012. The latest version, the Zoe Z.E. 40 proves more desirable with its larger‑capacity 41kWh battery. It offers 250-mile NEDC range on one charge, which equates to around 186 miles in real-world use. Another development for Renault, is the release of its

Kangoo Van Z.E. 33, which has 50 per cent more range than the previous version. One of the most competitive categories of the event was the Fleet Car Manufacturer of the Year award, which was sponsored by the home of the Arrive’n’Drive, Rockingham. BMW scooped the award for its low‑emission, plug-in hybrid and pure EV offerings. The firm has established itself as a market leader in electric vehicles, having released its popular i3 model in E

GreenFleet Awards 2017

 the OLEV Plug-in Van Grant scheme. Its first full-electric panel van can be fully charged in two hours and its EV80 is a prime example of an ultra-low emission commercial vehicle – with its 130-mile, single-charge range. The City Car Manufacturer of the Year award, sponsored by Green Motion, went to Smart, fending off competition from Nissan, Renault, Suzuki, Kia, Skoda and MINI. Smart has been leading the way since 1988 with its conveniently small models perfect for driving in and around the city. Larger than the two-seat Fortwo, the Forfour Electric Drive is as compact as a Smart despite being a four-seater and offers a range of around 99 miles on one charge. Zero emissions helps make cities cleaner and the Smart Electric Drive models are also exempt from the London Congestion Charge. Sponsored this year by Green Motion, the PHEV Manufacturer of the Year Award was given to Kia Motors for their efforts in developing technology at a rapid pace. The firm has been pushing forward with two plug-in hybrid models – the Optima and Niro. The sustainable Optima PHEV has been redesigned this year and has low emissions of 37g/km and an EV range of 33 miles. Whereas the All-New Kia Niro Plug-In Hybrid has emissions of 29g/km. Introduced at the beginning of 2017, it has a claimed range of 36 miles on a full charge and features a new Eco Driving Assistant System. Renault was named the winner of this year’s Electric Vehicle Manufacturer of the Year award, sponsored by charging

One of the most competitive categories of the event was the Fleet Car Manufacturer of the Year award, which was sponsored by the home of the Arrive’n’Drive, Rockingham

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MOST INFLUENTIAL GreenFleet’s pick of the people that have shaped the low-carbon fleet industry over the years returns in issue 110. Will YOU be included? Send your nominations to gf.editorial@psigroupltd.co.uk


Fleets in focus The Public Sector Fleet of the Year award in the small to medium category was given to Swansea University. The university is now running a fleet that is 50 per cent electric, reaping in the benefits by saving £8,000 a year in fuel costs and over 14,000kg of CO2 emissions. Five years ago, Swansea University began to campaign to stimulate awareness of EVs, targeting key employees, decision makers, heads of departments, porters and drivers. EVs now make up half of the university’s fleet after taking delivery of its 13th pure electric in July this year. These have covered 65,000 miles and are powered by 100 per cent sustainable electricity, with an EV hub dedicating 18 spaces to pre, on and post-charge situations. The Public Sector Fleet of the Year award in the medium to large category was handed to Yorkshire Ambulance Service (YAS) NHS Trust. The organisation has integrated full electric LCVs, hybrid cars and hydrogen vehicles into its fleet, and since their introduction, they have saved nearly 3,000 tonnes of CO2, making the YAS a truly deserving winner.

The YAS fleet features two hydrogen electric hybrids and a hydrogen-diesel conversion and the Service is participating in various bids across the region to get hydrogen refuelling stations in place. Electric charging points are also being rolled out across 62 ambulance stations as well as standby points and offices across the region. YAS is also working with a technology partner to create the first electric-hydrogen hybrid ambulance. Meanwhile, Norman Harding of the London Borough of Hackney was presented with the Public Sector Fleet Manager of the

Year award, which is this year sponsored by fleet management specialists ODO. As well as the dedication and commitment to carbon reduction demonstrated by his work for Hackney Council, Norman Harding has continued to spread the carbon reduction message to industry in general. E

GreenFleet Awards 2017

 2013. This year, a new 33kWh battery was added to the range, and the ‘sportier’ i3s was unveiled. The i3s has an electric range of around 174 miles thanks to its larger 135 kW electric motor, and posts a zero to 62mph in around seven seconds.

Swansea University picked up the Award for Public Sector Fleet of the Year (small to medium) Norman Harding from the London Borough of Hackney was named Public Sector Fleet Manager of the Year, sponsored by ODO

Yorkshire Ambulance Service collected the award for Public Sector Fleet of the Year (med-large)

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GreenFleet Awards 2017

ITM Power – the benefits of hydrogen as a fuel in meeting low emission zones and air quality objectives ITM Power is a manufacturer and global leader of rapid response electrolyser systems, based in Sheffield UK. The electrolyser system works by using surplus energy from the grid, or a renewable energy source such as solar, wind, or tidal, to split water into hydrogen and oxygen via electrolysis. The hydrogen is then compressed for storage and refuelling for Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEV) and oxygen is the only by-product. FCEV’s operate in the same way as traditional petrol and diesel vehicles, with a three‑minute refuelling time and a range of 300 – 500 miles, with the price of hydrogen being comparable to that of petrol and diesel prices. This offers society and business fleets a no compromise clean emission transport solution for cars, vans, buses etc. ITM Power currently have four refuelling stations around the UK. Each refuelling station is equipped with an easy-to-use self-payment system, with both 350 and

700 bar pressure dispensers available. Each station is open to commercial and private fleet users operating FCEVs, on completion of the relevant training, and issue of an ITM Power fuel card. ITM Power plan to open another two hydrogen stations in the UK in partnership with Shell, one at Gatwick and the other at Beaconsfield services, and another two stations in Birmingham. Hydrogen is the cleanest fuel available.

It can be produced on site, at the point of use at the filling station, without the need for a fuel delivery. The rapid response capabilities of the ITM Power electrolyser, aids electricity grid operators for grid balancing purposes whilst reducing the dependence on CO2 ‑emitting reserve power plants. For society, it facilitates a much greater expansion of renewables in the power system without requiring them to be curtailed during excess energy periods, and provides a source of green gas for other industrial applications. Hydrogen enables the cross‑sector decarbonisation of energy, heat and transport, substituting fossil fuel use for clean air emission applications. Hydrogen will play a pivotal role in rapid adoption in meeting low emission zones and air quality objectives. FURTHER INFORMATION www.itm-power.com

Heathrow – establishing a world-leading airport in reducing emissions from all sources of activity One of Heathrow’s business priorities is Sustainable Growth – to grow and operate the airport sustainability, now and in the future. Heathrow 2.0, the airport’s plan for sustainable growth aims to establish Heathrow as a world-leading airport in reducing emissions from all sources of activity, both on and off airport. The airport has put in place a team of highly skilled and dedicated people, including Darren Smith, Heathrow’s fleet standards and delivery manager, who has been working to make the area around Heathrow a great place to live. He is also responsible for Heathrow’s owned and leased vehicles and associated contracts, and a leading figure in the implementation of Heathrow’s Airside Ultra Low Emission Zone due to be in place in 2025. Working closely with many business units, Darren, along with his team, has transformed the Heathrow fleet from four Nissan Leafs in 2016 to approaching 55 full electric and plug in hybrids to date. The target is for all vehicles under 2.4 tonne to be electric or plug in hybrid by 2020. The 55 green vehicles equate to 34 per cent of Heathrow fleet. Darren has worked with a wide range of manufactures to carry out the trials and

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because of this, the fleet now includes a variety of vehicles from Nissan Leaf’s and eNV200s to BMW i3s. Darren has also worked with the rest of his team to identify and install a substantial infrastructure programme across nine different sites. This programme sets out to identify the many challenges faced by operations and to find robust solutions to ensure that EVs are never too far away from a charging station at a time that works for the operation. Working closely with the Heathrow Procurement Team, Darren is leading the work stream which is focussed on changing policies, introducing supplier contractual changes to encourage and incentive them to work with Heathrow to meet air quality targets and lean and green their fleet. As we head towards the future, Heathrow is leading the way in investing in new technology to reduce emissions. Working in partnership with Air Products, Heathrow

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

opened the UK’s first publicly‑accessible hydrogen fuelling station in 2012, which is helping to introduce hydrogen fuel cell vehicles into London as part of the Hydrogen London Initiative. The Heathrow Pod system, is also a first of its kind, and provides zero emission transport between POD parking and Terminal 5. These Pods are estimated to eliminate 70,000 bus journeys and saving 100 tonnes of CO2 a year, along with local air pollution. Heathrow is now working with its airline and handling partners to explore new technologies, such as remote controlled pushback tugs, and will soon be seeing airside trials of autonomous vehicles for the first time. In addition, the replacement of old diesel baggage conveyers to new electric versions has begun. FURTHER INFORMATION www.heathrow.com/sustainability


GreenFleet Awards 2017

BAE Systems scooped the Private Sector Fleet of the Year (small-medium)

Private Sector Fleet Manager of the Year, sponsored by BMW, went to Justin Laney from the John Lewis Partnership

 Working as part of the London mayor’s Biodiesel Programme, Norman has contributed to guidance notes on the Greater London Authority (GLA) webpage, presented to freight operators at GLA and Transport for London (TfL) events, and provided real world experience of biodiesel to formulate an information video. In partnership with TfL and LoCITY, Norman has pushed to introduce HVO as a viable alternative fuel for heavy vehicles, conducting emissions testing at Millbrook and demonstrating tail pipe reductions of CO, CO2,

PMs, and NOx. Norman also chairs a London based local authority network – Association of London Transport Officers (ALTO) – to help raise awareness of low carbon strategies. Private fleets Demonstrating the savings to be made by a switch from diesel to electric, this year’s winner of the Private Sector Fleet of the Year award in the small to medium category was B.A.E Systems Maritime Services. BAE Systems runs all aspects of Portsmouth Naval Base on behalf of the Ministry of

Defence (MOD), including the van fleet to support the running of the base. There was a strong desire to introduce pure electric vehicles as the majority of driving was low speed and short distances. Working with Lex Autolease, BAE utilised temporary telematics and their commercial vehicle engineers to identify 48 opportunities for the electric Nissan e-NV200. Information from the telematics not only showed the best locations for charging points, but also showed that only 26 charging points were required to service 48 vehicles. E Volume 109 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Advertisement Feature Written by Edward Kulperger, vice president, Europe, at Geotab

Telematics – the fleet manager’s secret formula for reducing air pollution The war against air pollution has been raging for decades, yet in the midst of our busy lives and work schedules, it’s sometimes easy to forget that a cleaner, healthier environment is beneficial to both people and the economy, writes Edward Kulperger, Geotab’s vice president for Europe Clean air is essential not only for the future of our environment and our health, but also for ensuring our cities are welcoming places for people to live and work. The deadly effects of air pollution have been proven by numerous studies. Poor air quality increases respiratory problems like asthma and bronchitis, as well as the likelihood of life-threatening conditions, such as cancer. Recent figures claim that worldwide, polluted air causes 5.5 million deaths per year with the main culprit being the emission of small particles from vehicle exhausts, power plants and factories. In the UK alone, pollution is a significant contributing factor in around 50,000 deaths annually, higher than many other European countries including Germany, France and Spain. As a result, numerous governments have invested in smart mobility and smart city projects (including green and pedestrian zones, bikeways and green mobility alternatives), all with the aim of protecting the health of their citizens. The collective goal is clear – pollution and its repercussions must be reduced. But what does this mean for corporate fleets and fleet managers across Europe? The future of the fleet In Europe, there are already a number of approaches being used to combat the exponential rise of noxious elements, particularly in bustling cities. For example, a number of cities are planning to implement car-free zones, this includes Oslo, Milan, Madrid and Brussels. Paris already has restrictions on vehicles older than model year 1997 and trucks over 3.5 tonnes. The London Congestion Charge, enacted in 2003, applies to all motor vehicles operating in the city centre during peak times and also comprises a Low Emissions Zone (LEZ) in which commercial diesel vehicles are specially countered and different taxes applied. Governments are also increasingly cracking down on vehicles with old and inefficient motor engines, due to the detrimental impact they have on air quality. With new electric and hybrid vehicles being promoted and those who purchase them often receiving economic help to do so, fleet companies are struggling to optimise their fleet management in such a way that reduces air pollution. This will continue to happen until electric

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and hybrid vehicles fulfil their potential. Despite this, pressure is increasing on organisations to add electric or hybrid vehicles to their fleets while keeping costs down, availability high, and drivers and customers happy. But there is hope. The EV100 coalition The EV100 coalition is a global initiative instigated to promote the transition of corporate and government fleets to electric vehicles. Bringing together forward-looking companies, the act of joining the coalition is a pledge from these organisations to integrate electric vehicles into their fleet, incorporate electric vehicles into service contracts and install the necessary charging infrastructure to help drive adoption. This coalition highlights that transportation and logistics companies not only understand the importance of a green economy – with members of the EV100 including household names such as Deutsche Post DHL, LeasePlan, Unilever and Ikea – but are willing to make moves to make it a reality. With over half of registered vehicles owned by businesses and the transportation sector, and with those vehicles responsible for 23 per cent of energy‑related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, organisations have a major role to play in making the shift towards electric vehicles. Greener economy with telematics While these organisations have acknowledged their role in protecting the environment, implementing the EV100 pledge will take time, meaning those organisations currently struggling to reduce air pollution will continue to struggle unless they take action. This is where telematics can come to the fore. By providing rich vehicle data, telematics systems can help fleet managers manage travel times, monitor vehicle diagnostics, predict possible breakdowns, optimise asset utilisation and increase the productivity, efficiency, safety and compliance of their fleets. These capabilities mean measures can be put in place to successfully reduce emissions, whether through driver training, re-routing deliveries through more economic routes or preventing roadside breakdowns. Alongside this, with scandals such as

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

“dieselgate” still hitting the headlines, fleets can implement telematics systems to leverage real insight into how much fuel is being used per gallon and protect the public from increased emissions. Through the implementation of an innovative telematics system which, in addition to ‘conventional’ petrol and diesel vehicles, also supports hybrid and electric models as well as alternative and advanced fuel technologies such as CNG (compressed natural gas), LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) and Hydrogen, organisations can ready their fleets for years to come. By choosing a telematics provider, such as Geotab, which acknowledges its role in protecting the environment and helping to build a green economy, organisations can rest assured best practices are being integrated into decision making and business efforts. Telematics can aid the businesses looking to become greener almost immediately, with their current fleet, supporting compliance with European legislation, implementing best practice in corporate sustainability, getting a head start in the green logistics movement and playing their part to help save the planet and deliver a greener, healthier society for all. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.geotab.co.uk


LDV showcased its electric LCVs at the GreenFleet Awards 2017

was sponsored by Iveco, was given to the organisation for introducing 10 gas‑powered vehicles to its fleet, some of which are required to travel from the Midlands to Scotland. The average weekly miles for these vehicles is in excess of 4,000 miles and each one saves over 200 tonnes of CO2 each year. The Scania-manufactured CNG trucks entered operation for Waitrose in January this year and are the first in Europe to use twin 26-inch diameter carbon fibre fuel tanks E

2017 GreenFleet Award winners City Car Manufacturer of the Year, sponsored by Green Motion – Smart PHEV Manufacturer of the Year, sponsored by Green Motion – Kia Electric Vehicle Manufacturer of the Year, sponsored by Elmtronics – Renault

GreenFleet Awards 2017

 BAE estimates that this change will yield a £36,000 cost saving over the next two years and ensured all other diesel vehicles were best of breed for emissions. The environmental benefits and cost savings mean the MOD is now looking to replicate it at other bases and BAE sites. The John Lewis Partnership were crowned the winners in the Private Sector Fleet of the Year award in the medium to large category for its Waitrose fleet. The award, which

Fleet Car Manufacturer of the Year, sponsored by Rockingham – BMW LGV Manufacturer of the Year – IVECO LCV Manufacturer of the Year – LDV Leasing Company of the Year, sponsored by Geotab – Lex Autolease Rental Company of the Year – Northgate Vehicle Hire Private Hire / Taxi Company of the Year – Green Tomato Cars IT Innovation Award, sponsored by Green Motion – Geotab Public Sector Fleet of the Year (small-medium) – Swansea University Public Sector Fleet of the Year (medium-large) – Yorkshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust Public Sector Fleet Manager of the Year Award, sponsored by ODO – Norman Harding, London Borough of Hackney Private Sector Fleet of the Year (small-medium) – BAE Systems Private Sector Fleet of the Year (medium-large), sponsored by Iveco – Waitrose Private Sector Fleet Manager of the Year, sponsored by BMW Group – Justin Laney, John Lewis Partnership The GreenFleet Award for Industry Innovation – ITM Power Charging Infrastructure Provider – Chargemaster Outstanding Achievement Award – Richard Lowden, Founder & CEO, Green Motion International EV Champions Norman Harding, London Borough of Hackney Terry Pycroft, Leeds City Council Alexis Percival, Yorkshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust Dan Martin, Elmtronics Gary McRae, Dundee City Council

Volume 109 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Advertisement Feature

The Phoenix Works – GreenFleet Awards 2017 The Phoenix Works are proud to be shortlisted in the Charging Infrastructure Provider category at the 2017 GreenFleet Awards, taking place at Ricoh Arena in Coventry. It is a privilege to be recognised for this award in a year which has seen ULEVs rise to the forefront of government policy and truly offer viable alternatives to traditional forms of transport About The Phoenix Works The Phoenix Works was founded in 2010 and began working in the renewable energy sector supplying and installing solar photovoltaic systems. Setup in a view to offering a suite of complimentary products based on quality and superb customer service, we quickly diversified into the electric vehicle (EV) charging industry in 2011. We began installing EV charging stations for a charity called Zero Carbon World, who provided eligible organisations with funded charging infrastructure. The opportunity of the market and potential for electric vehicles quickly became apparent and we began to expand to take advantage and ensure service levels were maintained. In 2012, we began to offer nationwide coverage and started exploring public tender opportunities; we quickly secured a project with City of York Council and have since gone on to install most of the city’s charging infrastructure. We have continued working in the EV charging sector for the last six years, providing solutions for a huge range of domestic, commercial and public sector organisations, our biggest installation to‑date consists of a 90-charger load managed solution for a last-mile logistics company. 2016 saw battery storage technology become viable, a market which we were keen to explore. Battery storage systems add another complimentary product to our portfolio and offer real solutions to many of the challenges facing the National Grid and the mass deployment of EV charging infrastructure. Approaching the 2017 GreenFleet Awards, The Phoenix Works’ team is currently 18-strong and continues to grow. Offering Solar PV systems, EV charging infrastructure and battery storage solutions on a nationwide basis, 2017 will be a record breaking year for The Phoenix Works.

significant savings have given us a bit of a head start in regard to deploying Electric Vehicles; an industry contact once alluded to a one per cent increase in consumption being equivalent to one million EV’s. A significant factor in managing the additional loads placed on the grid will be smart charging. The ability for the National Grid to manage charging infrastructure to prevent overloading local supply infrastructure is something which is being trialled today, through the Electric Nation project in collaboration with Western Power Distribution, and will quickly become mandated for mainstream deployment. As smart charging technology evolves, it is very likely that incentives for managed charging sessions will become common place. Software companies known as aggregators will manage portfolios of charging infrastructure, selling the ability to reduce demand back to the National Grid. When a surge in demand is experienced by the grid, the aggregator will be able to respond by reducing the power being delivered by their portfolio of managed chargers. This has significant value to the grid who will the pay the aggregator a fee for the service. The aggregator may in turn pass the rewards on to portfolio members. This is known as Demand Side Response and is also being deployed through complimentary technologies such as battery storage and Vehicle-to-Grid. Renewable energy sources and battery storage technology will play a significant part in the UK’s energy security. Renewables are a simple, reliable, cost effective way of generating electricity. The downside being that generation is unpredictable and doesn’t necessarily occur when it’s required, for

Overcoming current challenges The subject of whether the National Grid can accommodate the additional load which is going to be placed on it, is one which is frequently raised. In 2014, final energy consumption in the United Kingdom was no less than 21 per cent lower than it was in the year 2000, according to Department of Energy & Climate Change (DECC) figures, increases in energy efficiency of appliances, luminaires and machinery all contributing to the savings. Clearly these

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DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

example, solar PV doesn’t work at night and wind turbines doesn’t work when it isn’t windy. It would be great if we could store the energy for use later on. The ability to store generated electricity from renewable sources for use later on is not a new technology, unfortunately price point has traditionally made the technology unviable. The significant uptake in electric vehicles has encouraged investment in battery storage technology, meaning that storage solutions are much more cost effective, making the technology viable. Deploying renewables and storage technology can reduce the need for additional carbon-based generation and help with UK energy security while reducing CO2 levels. The Phoenix Works pride ourselves on offering state-of-the-art technology and will continue to explore innovative solutions to all challenges which arise. Future plans and developments The Phoenix Works intend to continue a sustainable and predictable growth for the foreseeable future. We intend to expand in the three sectors we work in; battery storage, solar PV and electric vehicle charging. Our ambition is to be the largest solutions provider in the UK. The coming years will provide lots of new, innovative technology which we intend to explore and offer to our clients. Thank you for all support to-date, if there is anything you feel we may be able to help with do not hesitate to get in touch. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.thephoenixworks.com


Laney of the John Lewis Partnership. Justin has committed to staying at the forefront of innovative technology and sitting on various committees to try and influence government. His career started with London Transport (buses), and also worked for UPS for 20 years, managing fleets in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa, as well as the UK. Justin now manages the John Lewis Partnership (JLP) fleet of 3,000 commercial

vehicles and 1,500 cars. One of the main priorities is the further reduction of emissions in a fleet already recognised for its environmental credentials. Areas of focus are using biomethane in place of diesel in heavy trucks, high capacity vehicles, aerodynamics, and other methods based on good science and rigorous testing. Earlier this year, Waitrose, part of the John Lewis Partnership, introduced a fleet of Scania manufactured CNG trucks which store 250 bar of pressure to increase its range. The gas is known to be one of the most cost-effective and lowest carbon alternatives to diesel for HGVs and is about 40 per cent cheaper for fleet operators to use, with up to 83 per cent reduction in carbon emissions, on a ‘well-to-wheel’ basis.

GreenFleet Awards 2017

 which store gas at 250 bar of pressure to increase range from around 300 miles to as much as 500. This allows them to always run entirely on biomethane. The vehicles are likely to operate for at least five more years, generating overall savings of £75,000 to £100,000 compared with a diesel equivalent. Adding to this success, this year’s Private Sector Fleet Manager of the Year award, sponsored by BMW, went to Justin

Celebrating innovation The GreenFleet Award for Industry Innovation was handed over to ITM Power, which have been helping to make the next E

ITM Power scooped the award for Industry Innovation

Volume 109 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Industry Comment Advertisement Feature

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Going green the easi way with easi-Fleet Management Companies running vehicle fleets can move towards ultra‑low emission and electric vehicles with ease, thanks to a combination of initiatives from Grosvenor Leasing 0Zone is Grosvenor’s forward-thinking solution to help companies convert to a greener fleet, bringing significant financial benefits as well as environmental ones too. easi-Fleet Management is a service that makes it simpler than ever for businesses to hand over the operation of their vehicles to Grosvenor Leasing’s team of experts, offering extensive cost and time savings – all for a fixed monthly fee. Bringing them together makes it easy for companies to move to a greener fleet as part of a carefully managed plan, which is why Grosvenor is offering these two exclusive services as one. The financial argument for going green is now stronger than ever. Taxation is driving the green agenda, and those companies and individuals who do not adopt ultra low emission or electric vehicles won’t simply miss out on potentially lucrative savings, they will feel a significant squeeze on their finances in the coming years as the cost of ‘not’ changing becomes very punitive. Yet many companies, particularly with smaller fleets, don’t have time to think about an ‘eco-plan’ because they already have so much on their plate running their businesses and dealing with the constant hassles of their current vehicles. That’s where we can help, because with easi-Fleet Management all suppliers, driver queries, garage bills, expense claims, rental vehicles, fuel cards, accidents, speeding fines, tax renewals, MOTs, driving licence checks

are managed by us for a fixed monthly fee. By bringing 0Zone and easi-Fleet Management together, we will also develop a low emission vehicle policy for you, and manage the change process, so that you can enjoy the financial benefits of becoming greener without the stress.” The time has come Company directors must start taking action now on ultra low emission and electric vehicles. In 2013, only 3,500 of the newly registered cars in the UK were plug-in full electric or hybrid EVs, according to The Society of Motor Manufacturers & Traders. By March this year the number was more than 63,000 and many predict it will soon reach 100,000. Government grants, tax breaks and possible savings of around £100 per 1,000 miles driven, compared to a petrol or diesel car, are all making electric vehicles appealing to both drivers and businesses. Add into the mix the plethora of really high quality new electric models, with improved range, coming into the market both now and in the years to come, it appears the ULEV and EV revolution is here. “By looking at the facts, you can understand why we have arrived at such a pivotal moment,” said Shaun Barritt, CEO of the Grosvenor Group, which this year launched 0Zone, an initiative to guide companies through the transition to greener vehicles. “The vehicle manufacturers have a target by 2021 to be achieving 95g/km for the cars that they produce and this isn’t going to be accomplished through traditional internal combustion engine cars. If they don’t meet it they’ll be fined for every car that rolls off the production line, which is why we are now seeing a dramatic push towards ULEVs and EVs. “On top of that, drivers and businesses are being both incentivised and penalised, which means they will hugely benefit from choosing an ULEV or EV, but will be hit very hard in the pocket if they don’t. “Government funding is being pumped into the infrastructure to support these vehicles, and as these factors all combine we will see a new era of vehicles on our roads, changing the landscape of the company cars people drive.

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

Mark Gallagher

Mark Gallagher is Grosvenor Leasing’s in-house green fleet specialist, offering significant expertise to car and light commercial vehicle operators looking to drive down their CO2 emissions. “With most companies operating three to four year replacement cycles for their vehicles, now is the time to start looking at your green fleet plans, changing choice lists and communicating with drivers. “Our advice to any company director who does not have this as a ‘must do’ task for the coming year would be to add it to your priorities, and we would be delighted to offer any advice or support without obligation.” Grosvenor Leasing Grosvenor Leasing won the 2016 Fleet News award for best leasing company with up to 15,000 vehicles. As the UK’s largest privately‑owned contract hire, fleet management and rental provider, Grosvenor works with some of the best‑known companies in the UK, as well as businesses with smaller fleets. Its 0Zone service has enjoyed huge popularity since its launch, helping companies run a greener fleet, save money and lower emissions.L FURTHER INFORMATION Tel: 01536 536536 www.grosvenor-leasing.co.uk


GreenFleet Awards 2017

 generation of clean fuel and technology a reality. ITM have four refuelling sites in the UK at the moment, and plan to open five more by the end of 2018. ITM power has been designing power-to gas systems since 2014. The main focal point is the Eloctrolyser which works by using surplus energy from the grid, or a renewable energy source, and a water from a mains supply, to create hydrogen. The systems enables products to be scaled to meet the demands of individual applications. Electric champions The final category of the evening was the EV Champion Awards. It was introduced to recognise the good work being carried out by individuals that champion the electric vehicle cause. The first winner crowned an EV Champion was Norman Harding, of the London Borough of Hackney. Norman has over 30 years of experience as a fleet or transport manager and has instigated change wherever he has gone. He has pushed to introduce HVO as a viable alternative fuel for heavy vehicles and also chairs the Association of London Transport Officers (ALTO) to help raise awareness of low carbon strategies. Next to claim the EV Champion title was

Renault picked up Electric Vehicle Manufacturer of the Year, sponsored by Elmtronics

Terry Pycroft of Leeds City Council who aspires to run the most electric vehicles in the whole of the UK public sector. Leeds City Council needed alternatives to the standard diesel fleet and Terry has set about removing barriers such as a lack of vehicles in the market and costs. The council has a large number of electric vehicles and a combination of vans and cars have been purchased through the authority’s alternative fuel purchasing framework. It is estimated that the vehicles will generate fuel savings of in excess of £25,000. The third winner was Alexis Percival of Yorkshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust. Alexis has encouraged the uptake and use of ULEVs across the ambulance fleet, which needs to have speed and response at the top of its priorities. The fleet features two hydrogen electric hybrids and a hydrogen-diesel conversion.

Dan Martin of Elmtronics has also been named a champion, having gone from being an electrician to now holding the title of CEO at one of the UK’s fastest growing charging companies. The last champion award of the evening went to Gary McRae of Dundee City Council, who is running one of the biggest EV fleets in the public sector. The council operates a total of 87 electric vehicles including 30 car pool vehicles. It has observed a 35 per cent reduction in vehicle maintenance for its EVs compared to petrol and diesel. To support these, Dundee also has the most concentrated rapid charger network in the UK and was awarded Go Ultra Low status by OLEV in March 2016, making it Scotland’s only Go Ultra Low city. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.greenfleetawards.co.uk

Volume 109 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Industry Comment Advertisement Feature

The role of oil analysis in fleet management Investment in fleet maintenance can make or break an operation. Of course, preserving the bottom line through cost-efficient decisions is always a priority, but reliability, performance and safety are of equal importance. Karl Rudman explains how a used-oil analysis progamme can help Implementing an effective used oil analysis programme should be a critical part of good maintenance practices. A good programme is part of a sound maintenance regime, and is a cost-effective tool that can monitor oil condition in gas, diesel, propane and compressed natural gas-fuelled engines, automotive transmissions and final drives, along with heavy industrial equipment such as gear drives and hydraulic systems. Simple steps Oil analysis typically involves three simple steps. The first is to take a representative sample from the equipment. The second is to send the sample to a qualified used oil analysis lab. The third step is to interpret and act on the results. Oil analysis is most effective when performed at regular intervals, so that a trend can be generated and used to improve performance and efficiency of your equipment. By evaluating the condition of your lubricant and equipment on a routine basis, minor mechanical problems are discovered before they become serious and expensive to fix. Identify contaminants In truck fleets, oil analysis can also help you identify ingested contaminants such as dust, dirt and water, as well as system contaminants like fuel, glycol (coolant) and soot, which can all lead to increased wear or even a catastrophic equipment failure. Testing can detect these impurities and measure their concentration, showing you how and why your machinery is wearing and help to identify the source(s) of contamination. If a fleet owner wants to extend their drain intervals, as well as improve efficiency and fuel consumption, it is imperative that they implement a used oil analysis programme. Testing tough Implementing an effective used oil analysis programme takes careful planning and expertise in understanding what to look for. Just shy of one year ago, Petro-Canada Lubricants launched its re-engineered DURON™ Next Generation range of heavy duty diesel engine oils, designed to substantially improve durability across the board to meet the demands of Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) now and

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in preparation for changes in the future. Communicating the performance advantages and benefits that DURON can deliver to fleets around the world goes part of the way, but proving to a customer the benefits first-hand and without compromise or risk, is the most compelling way to demonstrate the unparalleled performance of DURON. To achieve this, Petro-Canada Lubricants runs a customer-facing programme called the DURON Challenge, which is a programme designed to prove the performance and value of the DURON product line to new and potential customers. Very simply, a customer is offered free DURON engine oil for use in one or more of their vehicles. Critically, the trial puts oil analysis testing at the forefront – with free analysis during the trial and post-trial testing. Personalised approach Before starting the DURON Challenge, understanding the needs of a customer is key. A personalised approach is achieved by looking at their specific needs – what is the size of their fleet, what type of oils are they currently using, what drain oil capacity are they achieving? Establishing what success looks like to a customer, enables the oil analysis programme to deliver hard data that confirms success. Through the DURON Challenge, customers can see first-hand how DURON engine oils can reduce engine maintenance, provide protection against temperature fluctuations, decrease component wear and improve the durability of the oil performance. These success factors are all tracked through oil analysis testing which are provided to the customer to demonstrate the potential cost saving to their business’s bottom line and improvement to their operations. When it comes to oil analysis, experts like the Technical Services group at Petro-Canada Lubricants, can also be a great assistance. Not only can we provide fleet owners and operators with instructions on how to take representative samples and suggest certified labs, but our experts can help with the data interpretation to ensure your equipment operates at its best. Investing in the lifecycle, performance, reliability and safety of a fleet is a long‑term investment. Engines that are better protected run for longer, which means increased uptime and ultimately savings to a business’s net earnings. L

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

Karl Rudman

Karl Rudman has over 20 years’ experience in the oil and lubricants industry, amassing a wealth of specialist knowledge working for leading global oil companies including Mobil and BP. Karl has held the position of business development manager at Petro-Canada Lubricants Europe, since January 2016. Karl’s role focuses on the growth and development of finished lubricants sales, using the full breadth of his expertise to evolve both the product line and approach to the market to further accelerate strategic growth in the EMEA region. Karl holds a degree in chemistry from the University of Nottingham.

FURTHER INFORMATION To take on the DURON Challenge for your business and fleet, please go to www.duronthetougherthebetter.com or contact DURON@petrocanadalsp.com


Road Test

ROAD TEST

Citroën C3 Flair BlueHDi 100 S&S

Economical and stylish, accomplished and comfortable, Richard Gooding finds that Citroën’s diesel-powered new small car has a very broad range of talents

Citroën C3 Flair BlueHDi 100 S&S manual ENGINE:

1,560cc, four-cylinder diesel

CO2:

95g/km

NOx:

52mg/km

MPG (combined):

76.3

GF MPG (combined):

62.1

VED:

£120 first-year, £140 thereafter

BIK:

21%

PRICE (OTR):

£17,925 (including VAT, £19,970 as tested)

What is it? The original version of the C3 replaced the Saxo supermini in early 2002. With styling and a silhouette which referenced the 2CV, it spawned a similar but more modern‑looking replacement in 2009. The current third‑generation model arrived in early 2017, and echoes the looks of the popular Citroën C4 Cactus which debuted the French car maker’s new high-set headlamp and high‑riding SUV-like design. The C4 Cactus also introduced ‘Airbumps’ to the world, and the C3 also uses the polyurethane air-filled pockets

as both a style and safety feature. Dropped though, the C3’s interior is as avantgarde into arguably the fiercest new car segment, as its (five-door only) exterior clothes. the new C3 has a distinctive personality On the move, with a high seating position, and a range of EU6-compliant the C3 feels like a mini-SUV. The petrol and diesel engines, none non-sport, flat-looking seats are of which top 110g/km. comfortable, a key aim for The Citroën’s new small car. n ë Citro Di How does it drive? As part of the company’s H e lu The C3’s unmistakable ‘Advanced Comfort’ B 3 C CO 2 s style continues inside. programme, the C3 is a h S Airbump-shape one of the first models to 100 S& ions of imprints and controls embrace the car maker’s miss nd an e a litter the cabin, and new relaxed mantra. , 95g/km conomy the leather-strap-like To that end, the ride errs e door pulls lifted from on the side of comfort, official .3mpg the C4 Cactus continue and the C3 absorbs 6 7 f o the stylish theme. There lumps and bumps well, are also lighter-coloured door although the larger optional pockets and the central touchscreen wheels on our test car did unsettle infotainment system, which does away it over larger road surface scars. With with any external buttons for the heating a fair amount of body roll, it’s not the last and air conditioning controls, which some word in driving enjoyment, but Citroën is may see as a backward step. Overall, confident of the C3’s more relaxed gait. E Volume 109 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Road Test

Six small Citroëns for Stoke-on-Trent City Council Stoke-on-Trent City Council was one of the first organisations from the public sector to place a fleet order for the new Citroën C3.

BlueHDi engine gives impressive economy

C3’s interior features a distinctive style

A total of 36 possible body and roof colour combinations gives C3 plenty of personalisation options

 The 100bhp 1.6-litre four-cylinder diesel engine is spritely, and with 187.3lb ft (254Nm) of torque developed from 1,750rpm, has lots of mid-range punch. It suits motorways very well, and, playing its part in that ‘Advanced Comfort’ equation, is refined on the move. The diesel C3 is an amenable cruising companion, too, but can be noisy under hard acceleration. It’s also gruff-sounding at idle, with some vibration felt through the pedals. How economical is it? Citroën quotes an official combined cycle fuel consumption of 76.3mpg for the BlueHDi 100 S&S variants of the C3. We achieved a lower average of 61.2mpg over our 325-mile test, but that still scores as 80 per cent of the official figure, one of our better results. Our highest fuel economy reading was 70.5mpg. What does it cost? The Citroën C3 range starts at £11,555 for the Touch PureTech 68 manual petrol model, and rises though Feel, Flair and range-topping Flair Nav Edition variants. At £17,925 before options, our test car sits at the top of the C3 Flair family. As tested, the price was £19,970, thanks to a host of useful options which included a blind spot monitoring system (£100), Citroën Connect Nav seven‑inch touchscreen with Citroën Connect box (£500), keyless entry and start (£250), as well as a panoramic sunroof (£400). As standard, the C3 rides on 16-inch ‘Matrix’ rims, the optional 17-inch diamond‑cut ‘Black Cross’ alloy wheels on KP17 MXU a £300 premium. Rounding off its stylish appearance was the £495 Shark Grey metallic paint, allied to a no-cost Onyx Black contrasting roof. As with many small cars and SUVs, personalisation is a bit part of the C3’s character, and the small Citroën can be had in nine exterior colours with a choice of three contrasting roof shades. A total of 36 possible combinations give plenty of scope for drivers to create an almost unique C3, and with elements of the Airbumps (standard on Flair and Flair Edition, optional on Feel trims) also picked out in a pair of divergent hues, and a choice of two additional

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interior colourways, the small French car goes all out to be noticed. Which, in a market sector which has seen a number of new entrants over the past 12 months, is essential. As befits a model near the top of the tree, the C3 Flair BlueHDi 100 S&S is well-equipped. Key standard kit includes automatic air conditioning, alarm, auto-dimming rear-view mirror, auto lights and wipers, leather steering wheel, LED daytime running lights, seven‑inch DAB digital radio colour touchscreen infotainment system with Bluetooth/Apple CarPlay/Android Auto connectivity, rear parking sensors and a reversing camera. Safety is high, too, with Coffee Break Alert, lane departure warning and speed limit recognition systems all as standard. There’s also cruise control as well as Citroën’s ConnectedCAM digital camera, which constantly films while the car is on the move. If it senses that the car suddenly slows down, it automatically records a video 30 seconds before and one minute afterwards, to, in part, act as evidence in the event of an accident. A corresponding app also transmits the car’s GPS coordinates every time it is at a stop. How much does it cost to tax? Aside from the Feel BlueHDi 75 S&S manual, the BlueHDI 100 S&S manual models are the cleanest C3s at 95g/km. Though the smaller-output car is rated at 93g/km, both this and the BlueHDi 100 S&S models sit in the same VED band and attract a first-year rate of £120. This rises to £140 per year thereafter. At 103, 108, 109 and 110g/km, petrol-powered variants of the C3 are pegged at £140 first-year VED. When it comes to Benefit in Kind rates, the Flair BlueHDi 100 S&S is, at 21 per cent, in the top band of C3 BIK taxation. Other figures range from the 19 per cent of the PureTech 110 S&S manual to the higher value of our test car. Why does my fleet need one? While diesel-powered small cars can have a limited appeal due to their higher list price, the reduced emissions offered equate to a lower first-year VED. The Benefit in Kind

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

Part of a 10-car order, six new C3s have gone into service in Stoke‑on‑Trent. The cars will be used to assist Stoke-on-Trent City Council team members working with vulnerable residents. The fleet is finished in a wide range of colours, taking full advantage of the small Citroën’s bi-tone colour schemes, and on-board equipment includes satellite navigation for each car. Each one of Stoke-on-Trent City Council’s C3s has been specified with an extended warranty, providing cover for five years/100,000 miles – the expected service life of the cars with the council, and the order follows two earlier fleet deliveries of Grand C4 Picassos and Relay vans.

rates may be higher, but the fuel economy still eclipses that of petrol cars. And despite what the media reports, Euro 6-compliant diesel engines are significantly cleaner than those which preceded them, and form little part of the now widespread condemnation of the fuel as a whole. The PSA Group’s BlueHDi technology for example, combines oxidation catalysis, Selective Catalyst Reduction and a Diesel Particulate Filter with AdBlue to reduce NOx by up to 90 per cent. For now, the black pump still has its place. But, with petrol technology closing the gap on diesel, new small-capacity turbocharged engines are, in some cases, almost as economical. As a stylish and economical runabout, the new Citroën C3 scores highly. Its distinctive style might not be to all tastes, but there’s no denying it stands out in a class of extremely competent and competitive rivals. Its design‑led cabin is both a comfortable and chic place to be, while it offers a neat compromise on space and practicality. Citroën has fielded an accomplished yet playful effort. However, while there’s no denying that the diesel-engined C3 is part of a dying small car breed, (Citroën expects only 25 per cent of new C3s to have diesel engines under their stubby noses), the reductions in CO2 do still hold appeal to a select band of drivers. Even if that appeal is becoming slowly eroded. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.citroen.co.uk


Toyota Prius Plug-in Business Edition Plus

Road Test

ROAD TEST

Focused on technology, the latest Prius Plug-in is the first car With to feature a solar roof (more of this later) and an 8.8kWh gas‑injection heat pump battery pack, the The latest Prius Plug-in has a larger all-electric air conditioning, which together with a battery range, improved economy, as well as fleet-friendly latest Prius Plug-in warming system improve lower emissions. Richard Gooding sees if it offers has an EV range all-weather EV driving the best of both the electric and hybrid car worlds range. A Toyota first, of 39 miles and a 22.5kW / 53kW dual emisisons of motor EV-drive system What is it? How does it drive? provides better acceleration 22g/km The first version of Toyota’s ubiquitous The Prius Plug-in’s relationship and increases the EV‑only Prius was launched in 1997 (GreenFleet 100), to its non-plug-in sibling is clear. top speed to 84mph. and over the subsequent 20 years and Based on the same Toyota New Global The battery charging speed has also been four generations has come to define the Architecture platform, its silhouette is almost increased by 65 per cent, with a flat to full petrol-electric hybrid car concept. The first the same. The new front and rear styling charge now taking around two hours using Prius Plug-in landed in 2011, and with its may be divisive, but as all divisive‑looking a Type 2 ‘Mennekes’ plug, rising to just over 4.4kWh lithium-ion battery pack, could cars, the plug-in Prius stands out, especially three hours on a domestic household socket. run for 15.5 miles on electricity alone, with in the ‘Spirited Aqua’ signature shade of Depending on usage, the battery may not an official fuel consumption of 134.5mpg our test car. The 15-inch alloy wheels may need to be charged as much in the latest and CO2 emissions of 49g/km. Around look small, but they help with efficiency, car, though, thanks to its ‘Battery Charge’ 75,400 first-generation Prius Plug-ins found which is what this car is all about. mode. This uses the 97bhp 1.8-litre petrol homes, until the unveiling of the current Inside, the familiarity with the full hybrid engine to generate electricity to charge the second‑generation car in 2016, and it was Prius continues. The interior is almost identical, battery while driving in ‘HV’ mode, which the second best-selling PHEV during 2012. with the addition of an ‘HV > EV’ button to combines power delivered by the engine and Rated at 8.8kWh, the latest Prius Plug-in switch the power between full electric or electric motors to operate the car as a full packs double the capacity of batteries hybrid mode. There’s the same coupé-like hybrid. Combined system output is 120bhp. this time around, with electric‑only range feel and the same comprehensive dashboard ‘EV’ mode meanwhile uses power correspondingly increased to 31 miles, displays which impart information on all from the HV battery to drive the car, while fuel economy drops to 283.0mpg and parts of the car’s efficiency – ideal for drivers the engine only kicking in during wide emissions to just 22g/km. Based on to ensure they are making the most of the throttle openings or higher speeds. Finally, the fourth‑generation Prius, bolder technology on hand. Displays include an the ‘EV City’ mode reduces the available styling marks out the Prius you can top-up, energy flow monitor and fuel consumption maximum output, while the engine is only and a raft of advanced technologies diary, as well as electric use/economy started when throttle kick-down occurs. improve powertrain efficiency, read‑outs. Fit in finish is good, and the Therefore, the car runs on electricity as promote environmental efficiency standard 8.0-inch colour touchscreen shades long as possible for ultimate efficiency. and make the latest and newest version that of the standard Prius, but the software All the Prius Plug-in’s driving modes are of Toyota’s plug-in Prius the safest ever. can be disappointingly slow to respond. controlled by an electric CVT gearbox. While E Volume 109 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Road Test

Toyota Prius Plug-in Business Edition Plus ENGINE: 97bhp, four-cylinder petrol with 53kw and 22.5kW electric motors (120bhp system output) CO2:

22g/km

NOx:

1mg/km

MPG (combined):

283.0

GF MPG (combined):

132.8

EV RANGE:

39 miles

VED:

£0 first-year, £130 thereafter

BIK:

9%

PRICE (OTR):

£33,195 (including VAT but excluding Government PiCG, £34,950 as tested)

 adept at making the car easy to use, it’s noisy under harsh acceleration, marring the serene driving experience. Best not to rush a Prius, just enjoy its relaxing and smooth nature. For the duration of our test, we drove the car in ‘Eco’ mode, and chose EV running when in the urban cut and thrust and ‘HV’ running when out of it. Doing this, it’s not hard to get good economy values, much the same as the regular Prius fact. Body roll notwithstanding, the plug-in Prius also feels surprisingly agile, another characteristic it shares with its full hybrid sister. The power steering has a nice weight, and doesn’t feel too artificial, and the car is very quiet – even more hushed than the regular car according to Toyota – and refined on the move. A very relaxed cruiser, it can cover sizable distances with little effort and in large doses of comfort. The plug-in powertrain does create packaging compromises, though, as thanks to the larger battery, the luggage space is cut by around 100 litres when compared to the standard car.

How economical is it? Over the course of our 288-mile test, we achieved an average 132.8mpg in varied driving situations. We charged the car whenever the battery was depleted, and drove it in ‘Eco’ mode for the majority of the test. While our economy was still some way short of Toyota’s official figure of 283.0mpg, it’s a very useful doubling of the value we achieved from the non-plug-in version of Toyota’s halo hybrid (GreenFleet 93). At the end of the test, we had 400 miles of total (fuel and electricity) range left, and we had charged the car four times in seven days. What does it cost? Squarely aimed at fleets, the Prius Plug-in range starts with the Business Edition Plus at £29,195 with the £2,500 Government Plug-in Car Grant (PiCG) deducted. Moving up the range, the Business Edition Plus is also available with a solar roof as tested here. Priced from £30,695 with the PiCG deducted, Toyota states that the technological roof can give up to 409 extra miles of range per year (dependent on weather conditions) and can also improve charging efficiency, as well as boosting power to the electronic functions of the car on the move. Business Edition Plus-spec cars include all the kit essentials, including 15-inch alloy wheels, adaptive LED headlights and cruise control, auto lights and wipers, dual-zone air conditioning, head-up display, heated seats with electronic lumbar support, reversing camera, smart entry and push-button start, Toyota Touch 2 with Go navigation system, and a wireless smartphone charger. Safety is high with blind spot monitor and rear cross traffic alert systems as standard. Cars with the solar roof lose the head-up display and safety systems, though. Topping out the Prius Plug-in family is the £31,395 Excel, the main differences in specification being ‘Nakano’ black leather

seat trim, a JBL premium audio system and the Simple Intelligent Parking Assist system with front and rear parking sensors. Metallic paint such as the Spirited Aqua hue of our test car is £545, with pearlescent shades £795. How much does it cost to tax? With CO2 emissions of just 22g/km, the Prius Plug-in Business Edition Plus attracts no first year Vehicle Excise Duty. The plug-in Toyota sits in the 1-50g/km VED band, rated at £10 in the first year. However, alternative fuel ultra low emission vehicles continue to receive a £10 across-the-board reduction on VED rates, hence the £0 charge. After the first year, the Toyota PHEV costs £130 per year in VED, with the £10 alternative fuel discount deducted from the standard £140 annual charge. Benefit in Kind is nine per cent for 2017/2018. Why does my fleet need one? As with other PHEVs, the Prius Plug-in offers all the benefits of both full battery electric and hybrid-powered cars. As with the standard Prius, high economy values are easy to achieve, and the car is a relaxed long-distance companion. When compared to full battery electric cars, its smaller all-electric range brings charging benefits, too. With less time needed to top up, it’s ideal for urban use. However, that improved convenience and economy come at a price around £5,000 more than the regular version of Toyota’s hybrid trailblazer. While the Benefit in Kind and VED rates are more costly with the non‑plug-in car (13 per cent and £15 first-year rate respectively), consider the sums very carefully for the Prius PHEV. Its longer range is undoubtedly welcome, but if all-electric miles are not a major need, the standard hybrid Prius may be a more suitable choice. L FURTHER INFORMATION www.toyota.co.uk

Interior of Prius Plug-in is near-identical to the regular hybrid Prius

Solar roof is claimed to offer up to 409 extra miles of range

8.8kWh battery can be charged in around two hours

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DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net


EV RECHARGING

EV RECHARGING

Product Finder

EV RECHARGING

Alpha Heating Chesterfield Ltd APi Electrical www.apielectrical.co.uk Email: office@apielectrical.co.uk Tel: 01942 870 397

Units 1-4 Vanguard Industrial Estate Britannia Road, Chesterfield, S40 2TZ Tel: 01246 558723 Email: info@alpha-heating.co.uk Website: www.alpha-heating.co.uk

APi Electrical are independent specialists in EV ChargePoint supply, installation, management and consultancy for both the fleet industry and private owners. We provide the widest choice of manufacturer options in the UK – From Lowest Cost to Hi-Tech ‘Smart-Charging’ with back‑office management systems, load‑balancing and ultimate reliability.

Alpha Heating Chesterfield Ltd is a family run business that has been trading for over 20 years carrying out works for local authorities, nursing homes, schools, commercial and private customers. We have recently added a new division to our portfolio and become an electric vehicle home charge scheme and workplace scheme authorised installer.

EV RECHARGING

CC Solar Tel: 01903 734817 Email: info@ccsolar.co.uk Website: www.ccsolar.co.uk CC Solar is one of the leading suppliers and installers, approved by OLEV, of Electric Vehicle (EV) charging units on commercial and private properties across the South East of England. Specialising in the renewables industry, CC Solar also installs and maintains Solar PV and Energy Storage across the south east.

EV RECHARGING

EV `RECHARGING

Carbon Zero Renewables www.carbonzerorenewables.co.uk Carbon Zero are you Expert Installation Partners. We have installed nearly 500 electric car charging stations since 2012. We install a variety of charging stations to suit the client and their needs. We are OLEV Approved and can access grants. We also specialise in Solar PV and Approved by Tesla.

EV RECHARGING

Doyle Electrical Services

Eastbourne Electrical LLP

www.doyleelectrical.co.uk Tel: 01473 622 674

www.eastbourne-electrical.co.uk Tel: 01323 724248 Email: sales@eastbourne-electrical.co.uk

Doyle Electrical Services Ltd, are OLEV grant approved EV charge point installers for Rolec, MyEnergi, and EO. We are also approved installers for Tesla. We cover East Anglia, Norfolk, and Essex.

Eastbourne Electrical is your specialist charge point installer for the southeast. We work closely with you to ensure we install the most suitable charge points for your needs. We are OLEV approved and provide ROLEC, EO, Schneider and Tesla charge points.

EV RECHARGING

EV RECHARGING

JPS Renewable Energy Ltd

McNally Electrical Yorkshire

Saliis

www.jpsrenewableenergy.co.uk enquiries@jpsrenewableenergy.co.uk

Phone: 01535 444101 Website: www.mcnallygroup.co.uk Email: info@mcnallyelectrical.co.uk

www.saliis.com Telephone: 028 90 455136 Email: info@saliis.com

At McNally EV, our professionalism and quality have led to us becoming the nationwide installation partner for Rolec, one of the largest distributors of outdoor electrical charging equipment in the world. No matter how big or small a job, McNally’s are here for you every step of the way. From installation, to maintaining your unit.

SALIIS Ltd is one of the leading suppliers and installers, approved by OLEV, of Electric Vehicle (EV) charging units on commercial and private properties across Northern Ireland. Specialising in the renewables industry, SALIIS also installs and maintains large public and private sector contracts in Solar PV across the United Kingdom.

JPS Renewable Energy’s OLEV approved EV Installation Team provide impartial customer focused EV charging solutions to domestic, commercial and public-sector clients. We offer a hand in hand approach to our clients, from technical advice through to product selection, design and installation of the chosen solution. We are based in Kent, providing EV solutions across the South of England.

Volume 109 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

57


Product Finder

EV RECHARGING

EV RECHARGING

EV CHARGE NETWORK

SJK Electrical www.sjkelectrical.com

Stratford Energy Solutions

SJK Electrical are commercial and domestic NICEIC registered electricians, specializing in electric vehicle charging installations, based in Wakefield. All installation needs addressed with the growing adoption of electric vehicles. We are OLEV approved for installations under the EVHS (domestic) and WCS (workplace) schemes, and available to assist in obtaining grants under this scheme.

www.stratfordenergy.co.uk 01789 262411

EV RECHARGING

Whether you are looking to install a domestic charging point or multiple workplace charging units we provide a full design & installation service for all electric vehicle charging needs. Working with leading manufacturers we are OLEV‑accredited so relevant grants can be claimed.

FLEET MANAGEMENT

EV Driver Ltd Website: www.evdriver.co.uk With electric vehicle infrastructure becoming increasingly important, the time to install is now. We supply, design and install domestic, workplace and commercial charge points. In addition we run a network that operates the chargers so you deal with one company. For more information give us a call on 01394799799. FLEET MANAGEMENT



 

  

Voltacompliance Limited

Admin Business Solutions

01133 971361 www.voltacompliance.com

www.adminbusinesssolutions.co.uk Tel: +44 (0)1564 701 114 Email: info@adminbusinesssolutions.co.uk ABS’ comprehensive catalogue of fleet management services and market-leading technology encompass all the necessary tools to cost-effectively outsource fleets’ administration departments; optimising output through developments designed to augment 21st century fleet management. ABS manages the whole fleet lifecycle, actively supporting growth and development of fleets of all sizes.

Voltacompliance based in Leeds and serving the North East are OLEV grant approved. Specializing in workplace charge points and stations for your business. Rest assured with over 20 years experience within the electrical industry you can expect a customer focused professional solution, incorporating the latest technology.

HYDROGEN

ULEMCo 01928 787 179 info@ulemco.com www.ulemco.com The Quay, 12 Princes Parade, Liverpool, Merseyside, L3 1BG ULEMCo Ltd offer services to convert commercial vehicles to run on hydrogen dual fuel. Including the supply & installation of safely engineered retrofit, warranty and VSO certificate. Ideally suited to significantly reduce emissions for urban duties. Advice, consultancy and the supply of hydrogen refuelling capability can also be provided.

58

Chevin Fleet Solutions +44 1773 821992 Sales@chevinfleet.co.uk www.chevinfleet.com/gb/ Chevin’s leading fleet management software, FleetWave, helps measure and reduce fleet costs, improve operational efficiency, reduce administrative burdens, and ensure compliance & risk requirements are met. The system manages the whole fleet lifecycle, from the initial acquisition of a vehicle, through to deployment, operating expenses, incidents, work orders, maintenance, legal requirements and finally disposal.

ADVERTISERS INDEX

The publishers accept no responsibility for errors or omissions in this free service BMW Inside Front Cover Carbon Clean 29 Ecotap 16 EDT Automotive 33 Geotab GmbH 46 Green Motion International 38 Grosvenor Contracts Leasing 50 Go Ultra Low 21 Heathrow Airport 44 ITM Power 44 Iveco 14 Jaguar 10

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Lex Autolease 21 Northgate Vehicle Hire 36 Petro-Canada (Duron) 52 Perpetual V2G Systems 40 Phoenix Renewables 21, 23, 48 SG Fleet 35 The AA 31 TomTom Telematics Sales 30 Trakm8 12 Toyota Back Cover, 4 Vauxhall 6 VW 19


Supercharge your fleet Keep your business moving with 100% funded EV rapid chargers

Engenie is set to fund and install hundreds of electric vehicle RAPID charging points throughout the UK in car parks at supermarkets, hotels, restaurant chains, petrol stations, commercial developments, on-street locations and at fleet depots. Let us help you make a smooth transition to environmentally friendly zero emission vehicles. Our fully funded rapid charging stations provide the perfect answer to keeping your electric vehicles charged at lower cost.

50kW charging to 80% in under 30 minutes, 16 x quicker than standard points 100% funded installation so no cost to your organisation Total solution to help fleet managers move to electric vehicles Contributes to improving local air quality Industry leading, proven, reliable, safe and futureproof charging equipment 24/7 friendly customer service with simple kWh unit billing

For more information contact us:

E: fleets@engenie.co.uk T: 08000 588 400 Compliant with

www.engenie.co.uk


LOOKING FOR MORE RANGE WITH LESS ANXIETY?

With the widest range of 17 hybrids you can minimise all your drivers’ emissions without worrying about EV charge points. For a test drive or more information visit toyotalexusfleet.co.uk or call 0344 701 6186.

GreenFleet 109  

The Only Fleet Publication Dedicated to Promoting a Cleaner Environment

GreenFleet 109  

The Only Fleet Publication Dedicated to Promoting a Cleaner Environment