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EXPERT PANEL LEASING

TEST JEEP RENEGADE

www.greenfleet.net

COMMERCIAL VEHICLES

ISSUE 105

Presents

LEEDS SHOWCASING CLEAN VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY FOR LEEDS

GreenFleet Leeds took place on 13 July. Read the review on page 34

SUV FOCUS

THE RISE OF THE SUV Why have sales of Sports Utility Vehicles skyrocketed in recent years? PLUS The latest SUVs road tested FORTHCOMING SUVs NEW ARRIVALS

AIR QUALITY

CLEAN AIR ZONES

ClientEarth on the reasons behind Clean Air Zones and how fleets can prepare


INTRODUCING

ALL- NEW FORD FIESTA

MOVING YOUR FLEET FORWARD WITH THE UK’S MOST TECHNOLOGICALLY ADVANCED SMALL CAR

TO FIND OUT MORE SEARCH: ALL-NEW FORD FIESTA Official fuel consumption figures in mpg (l/100km) for the All-New Ford Fiesta range: urban 40.9 - 80.7 (6.9 - 3.5), extra urban 67.3 - 94.2 (4.2- 3.0), combined 54.3 - 88.3 (5.2 - 3.2). Official CO 2 emissions 118 - 82g/km. The mpg figures quoted are sourced from official EU-regulated test results (EU Directive and Regulation 692/2008), are provided for comparability purposes and may not reflect your actual driving experience.


TEST JEEP RENEGADE

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Comment

EXPERT PANEL LEASING

COMMERCIAL VEHICLES

The rise of SUV sales in Europe

ISSUE 105

Presents

LEEDS SHOWCASING CLEAN VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY FOR LEEDS

GreenFleet Leeds took place on 13 July. Read the review on page 34

SUV FOCUS

THE RISE OF THE SUV Why have sales of Sports Utility Vehicles skyrocketed in recent years?

AIR QUALITY

CLEAN AIR ZONES

ClientEarth on the reasons behind Clean Air Zones and how fleets can prepare

PLUS The latest SUVs road tested FORTHCOMING SUVs NEW ARRIVALS

Visit t.tv nflee video e e r g e v ti a rm for info tent on t con tal flee nmen enviro agement man

Follow and interact with us on Twitter: @GreenFleetNews

In the last five years, the sales of sport utility vehicles (SUVs) have skyrocketed across Europe. Whilst they were unpopular a few years back due to their high fuel consumption, heavier bodies and larger displacement engines, the modern SUV is now lighter, more agile and fuel efficient, and available in range of sizes.

Presents

LEEDS SHOWCASING CLEAN VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY FOR LEEDS

To celebrate the rise of the SUV sector, issue 105 of GreenFleet is an SUV-themed issue, where Ajay Natteri from Frost & Sullivan examines the reasons why SUVs have risen in popularity, as well as future projections, on page 38.

GreenFleet Leeds took place on 13 July. Read the review on page 34

Meanwhile, GreenFleet’s Richard Gooding picks out forthcoming SUVs to look out for, and test drives the BMW X5 xDrive40e iPerformance, Jeep Renegade, Lexus RX 450h, Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV, Peugeot 3008, SEAT Ateca, and Toyota C-HR. Meanwhile, it is interesting to have ClientEarth, the environmental law firm that has taken the UK government to court over air pollution, write for GreenFleet on page 14. Against a backdrop of health warnings, court cases and industry-level scandal, the firm’s Dominic Phinn discusses the reasons behind Clean Air Zones and how fleets can prepare for operating within them. Angela Pisanu, editor

! ONLINE ! IN PRINT ! MOBILE ! FACE-TO-FACE If you would like to receive 10 issues of GreenFleet magazine for £200 a year, please contact Public Sector Information Limited, 226 High Road, Loughton, Essex IG10 1ET. Tel: 020 8532 0055 GreenFleet® would like to thank the following organisations for their support:

PUBLISHED BY PUBLIC SECTOR INFORMATION LIMITED

226 High Rd, Loughton, Essex IG10 1ET. Tel: 020 8532 0055 Fax: 020 8532 0066 Web: www.psi-media.co.uk EDITOR Angela Pisanu FEATURES AND ROAD TEST EDITOR Richard Gooding EDITORIAL ASSISTANT Andrea Pluck PRODUCTION CONTROL Ella Sawtell PRODUCTION DESIGN Jo Golding WEB PRODUCTION Victoria Casey PUBLISHER George Petrou ACCOUNT MANAGER Kylie Glover ADMINISTRATION Vickie Hopkins REPRODUCTION & PRINT Argent Media

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Volume 105 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Contents

Contents GreenFleet 105 08 News

Britain to ban sale of new diesel and petrol vehicles from 2040; BMW Group announces next electrification steps; Northern cities breaching air quality limits by up to 150 per cent

14 Air quality 14 16

There is a serious air pollution problem in this country, brought to light by health warnings, court cases and industry-level scandal. Dominic Phinn from environmental law firm ClientEarth gives advice to fleets, as political attention to air quality makes waves in the transport sector

16 Expert panel: telematics How is technology enabling a shift in the way we travel? And will new mobility trends have a role within fleets? Our telematics expert panelists give their views

21 Commercial vehicles

FORS, the best practice accreditation scheme for commercial vehicle operators, continues to help organisations run a safer, greener and more efficient fleet. With over 4,600 members, FORS director John Hix gives an update on what the scheme offers

30 Expert panel: leasing

The Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill includes plans to remove some of the barriers to electric vehicle adoption. But what should fleet operators consider before buying a plug-in vehicle? We ask our expert panelists for their EV advice

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34 GreenFleet Leeds

With Leeds being one of the five cities required to roll out a Clean Air Zone, GreenFleet hosted an event alongside Leeds City Council on 13 July to share knowledge with local fleet managers on how they can lower emissions

38 The rise of the SUV 38 43

A few years ago, SUVs were unpopular due to their high fuel consumption, heavier bodies and larger displacement engines. But with the introduction of small SUVs and crossovers, modern SUVs are more agile and efficient, causing their popularity to surge

40 Forthcoming SUVs

Family and fleet-friendly with increasing style and practicality: unlike the cars themselves, the all-conquering SUV sector shows no sign of getting smaller. Here are ten forthcoming SUVs to watch

45 Road test: Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV The Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV was the first plug-in hybrid SUV in the UK, but not resting on its laurels, the Japanese manufacturer has updated the car for 2017

46 Road test: Jeep Renegade Limited 1.6 Multijet II 120

The Renegade is Jeep’s first model built outside the US. Big on style and choice, the baby Jeep faces tough rivals in the fiercely fought compact crossover market. GreenFleet sees if it can ride rough shot over the competition

48 Road test: Toyota C-HR Hybrid

One of the latest entries into the busy mid-size crossover market the Toyota C-HR brings daring style and the company’s familiar hybrid technology to the small crossover market, as well as Lexus-like luxury

49 Road test: Lexus RX 450h Luxury The origins of Lexus’ hybrid reputation started with the second-generation RX. Richard Gooding finds out if the latest version of the big SUV still deserves its economical and premium standing

50 Road test: BMW X5 xDrive40e iPerformance

The BMW X5 xDrive40e iPerformance was the German company’s first plug-in hybrid model, introduced in 2015. Richard Gooding examines the company car tax savings and economy the big PHEV SUV offers

52 Road test: SEAT Ateca SE 1.0 TSI Ecomotive

The SEAT Ateca is the Spanish company’s first crossover in the traditional SUV mould. Has it taken the best elements of the class and added a new Catalonian twist? Richard Gooding samples SEAT’s new award-winning and high-riding dish

40

43 Road test: Peugeot 3008 GT-Line BlueHDi 120

Peugeot has re-invented its 3008 model. More stylish and with upmarket aspirations, how does it face up to its competition?

GreenFleet magazine

www.greenfleet.net Volume 105 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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News POLICY

ELECTRIC VEHICLES

Britain to ban sale of new diesel and petrol vehicles from 2040

BMW Group announces next electrification steps

Britain is to ban all new petrol and diesel cars and vans from 2040 in a bid to improve air quality. Environment secretary Michael Gove is expected to elaborate on details of a £255m fund to help councils deal with pollution from diesel vehicles, as part of £3bn spending on air quality. The commitment follows a similar pledge in France earlier this month and forms part of the government’s clean air plan, which has been at the heart of a protracted high court legal battle after environmental lawyers described it as “much weaker than hoped for”. ClientEarth chief executive James Thornton said: “The government has trumpeted some promising measures with its air quality plans, but we need to see the detail. “A clear policy to move people towards cleaner vehicles by banning the sale of petrol and diesel cars and vans after 2040 is welcome, as is more funding for local authorities.

“However, the law says ministers must bring down illegal levels of air pollution as soon as possible, so any measures announced in this plan must be focused on doing that.” Poor air quality poses the largest environment risk to public health in the UK. In one recent year, it was estimated that the problem will cost as much as £2.7bn in lost productivity. Earlier this month, Volvo became the first manufacturer to declare that all new cars launched from 2019 onwards will be partially or completely battery-powered.

READ MORE tinyurl.com/y7f7ajkh

The BMW Group has revealed that the new battery-electric Mini will go into production in 2019, adding a full-electric drivetrain to the Mini range. Available in the three-door hatch version, the drivetrain will be built at the Group’s e-mobility centre at Plants Dingolfing and Landshut in Bavaria before being integrated into the car at Plant Oxford, the main production location for the Mini three-door hatch. The BMW Group currently produces electrified models at 10 plants worldwide. By 2025, it expects electrified vehicles to account for between 15-25 per cent of sales, and is preparing production facilities to build models with a combustion engine, plug-in hybrid or fully-electric drive train at the same time. In 2018, the BMW i8 Roadster join BMW’s i family, with the all-electric X3 announced for 2020, and the BMW iNext due in 2021. It has committed to selling 100,000 EVs in 2017 and plans to have a total of 200,000 on the roads by the end of the year. READ MORE tinyurl.com/yb525b2r

AIR QUALITY

Northern cities breaching air quality limits by up to 150 per cent A new report by the Institute for Public Policy Research North has revealed that 11 air quality reporting zones in the North are exceeded legal limits for nitrogen dioxide. Areas including Merseyside and Teeside were up to 150 per cent above the legal limit of nitrogen dioxide. The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs is expected to publish its third air quality plan in the next few weeks as part of plans to bring pollution down to the legal limit. Changes to the previous two plans were required after the environmental law firm ClientEarth won court orders forcing ministers to produce a more effective plan following concerns that the measures did not meet requirements. As a result, the think tank has warned that the government must do more to address the crisis of toxic fumes killing thousands in the UK’s regional cities, including phasing out diesel vehicles and introducing incentives for purchasing electric cars. Darren Baxter, researcher at IPPR North,

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said: “To prevent more avoidable deaths, we need to see big incentives for those buying a car to go electric, funded in part by a tax on the most-polluting vehicles, as well as seeing a real commitment by councils and the Department for Transport to make clean air a top priority. “By taking the killer air crisis seriously,

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

we can prevent many unnecessary deaths and ill-health, especially in our children, while preparing the way for a Northern green jobs revolution.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/y78vmqu3


News

TECHNOLOGY

Volvo and Geely partner to share EV technology Volvo Cars and Chinese car group Geely Holding are partnering to set up a company to share and accelerate future EV technology. The Memorandum of Understanding will see the two companies and LYNK & CO share vehicle architecture and engine technologies via cross-licensing arrangements. They will also work together to source components and cut procurement costs. The intellectual property rights for the technology to be shared will remain with the company that developed it, but the technology itself will be available for use by Volvo, Geely

Auto and LYNK & CO, via license agreements. Future modular vehicle architectures and other technology will be shared and developed based on cost-sharing agreements. The company leading the development will own the technology and the other group companies will have full access to it through a license, reducing overall development costs. It is expected that the collaboration will extend in future to also cover electrified vehicle components such as battery cells, e-motors and charging systems in order to maximise synergies across the group.

ELECTRIC VEHICLES

INFRASTRUCTURE

First multi-brand EV experience centre opens

EV chargers may be switched off at peak times

The UK’s first electric vehicle showroom has opened in Milton Keynes to provide information and advice to visitors. Operated by Chargemaster, the Electric Vehicle Experience Centre, which is based in Centre: MK shopping centre, will be run by a team of professionally-trained EV experts and will offer visitors the chance to test drive the latest electric cars. Open seven days a week, the EV Experience Centre will educate visitors on the benefits of driving an EV, supporting Milton Keynes’ transformation into the UK’s first Go Ultra Low City. From impartial advice on specific models, government grants available, different types of plug-in vehicle and charging options, the centre will cover every aspect of EV ownership. The centre will initially showcase models from BMW i, Kia, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Renault and Volkswagen. Milton Keynes’ target is for 23 per cent of all new cars registered locally to be electric by 2021. Brian Matthews, head of transport innovation at Milton Keynes Council, commented: “The EVEC is a centrepiece of our thrust to encourage the uptake of electric vehicles and is a good example of the innovation that Milton Keynes is using to lead the way in transport innovation. We are delighted to be working with Chargemaster and six founding car manufacturers to bring this about.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/ycfh7kf9

Electric car chargers could be switched off remotely or turned down by energy companies during peak times, The Times has reported. UK Power Networks is calling for the right to be able to remotely control vehicle charging as a last resort in order to prevent power cuts. Forecasts suggest that electric vehicles could increase peak demand far beyond the level that existing power stations can generate and cable networks can transmit. In order to overcome this problem, the industry and government plan to encourage “smart charging” which means a household agrees to charge their vehicle at off-peak times when the system can deal with the demand.

Håkan Samuelsson, Volvo president & chief executive

READ MORE tinyurl.com/yc43dzwd

However, Suleman Alli, director of safety and strategy at UK Power Networks, said he hoped that pricing tariffs would persuade people to charge cars at off-peak times only, but that the company needed the powers to intervene if they did not. He said: “One of our key roles is to keep the lights on. If we start to see uncoordinated or uncontrolled charging, that may jeopardise the network security and safety. We need to be able to step in and manage it.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/y9rs7s8k

AIR QUALITY

Thousands sign clean air zone petition for Bristol More than 4,000 have signed a petition in support of rolling out a clean air zone in Bristol. The ‘Let Bristol Breathe Clean Air’ campaign was presented to Bristol City Council on 18 July, and has already racked up 4,300 supporters. The campaign has been driven by John Eccles who says that “we haven’t called on you to ban all cars”, but simply to implement a clean air zone in the city. The petition outlines that the clean

air zone should include a less polluting bus fleet, a reduction in the worst-polluting diesel cars and to promote walking, cycling and public transport. Dozens of people attended the council meeting to give their support to the petition, including the Friends of the Earth organisation. READ MORE tinyurl.com/y6vvsm72

Volume 105 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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News EV REGISTRATIONS

One million electric cars projected to hit the UK roads by 2022 Chargemaster has predicted that Britain will be home to more than one million electric cars by 2022, based on recent market developments. Allowing for a modest increase in adoption, Chargemaster’s projection is based on a growth in electric vehicles of just over seven per cent of new car registrations. David Martell, chief executive of Chargemaster said: “We have seen tremendous growth in the uptake of electric

cars over the past five years, as they’ve become more competitive in terms of costs, and more practical in terms of range. “The number of electric vehicles on UK roads has increased from fewer than 2,000 in July 2012 to more than 100,000 today. We expect the UK electric vehicle parc to rise to more than one million by the middle of 2022, but it could grow to as much as 1.4 million.” ! Chargemaster opens Electric Vehicle Experience Centre, page 8

tinyurl.com/ycfh7kf9

ELECTRICITY DEMAND

CHARGING

Call for participants in smart charging trial

Rolec solution to manage demand on-grid from EV charging

The Electric Nation project is offering to give EV owners in the Midlands, South West and South Wales a free smart charger to see how they can prevent the grid from being overloaded if multiple EVs charge at peak times. Electric Nation, one of Western Power Distribution’s (WPD) innovation projects, is trialling smart chargers to understand how they can help address the challenge of increasing number of EVs on local electricity networks. The project aims to learn from the data

and the feedback from trial participants. The Electric Nation trial is seeking to recruit 500-700 people buying or leasing new electric vehicles (of all makes and models, pure electric and plug-in hybrids) to take part in the largest trial of its kind. New EV owners who want one of the latest smart chargers installed free of charge are advised to apply as soon as possible. READ MORE tinyurl.com/y7scj2gb

PARKING

CitiPark to discount parking fees for EVs Car park operator CitiPark has announced plans to impose a levy on all but the most fuel-efficient vehicles in order to help cut emissions. The new “green tariff” will be available for cars emitting 75g or less of carbon dioxide per kilometre, which is typically only electric cars and some hybrid models. This would give them an automatic discount of up to 20 per cent the price charged for petrol and diesel cars.

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READ MORE

The change has initially been applied to the company’s Clipstone Street underground car park in Fitzrovia, central London. This is set to be expanded to CitiPark’s 15 car parks across London, Watford, Manchester and Leeds this year. READ MORE tinyurl.com/ya56o7wb

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

EV charge point manufacturer Rolec EV has launched a new electricity management solution, ‘EV GridSMART Online’, designed to monitor and manage power demands placed on the grid by electric vehicles. EV GridSMART Online does this by supporting the balancing of traditional electrical loads with the new demands being placed on the grid by EVs. Rolec’s managing director Kieron Alsop commented: “With record EV sales throughout the UK, as well as legislative changes to encourage EV uptake, the need to support the country’s electrical infrastructure has taken on a new urgency. “EV GridSMART Online has been designed to work alongside the national grid to intelligently monitor the electrical demand of both the home and its EV. This domestic electrical demand data is then relayed to a cloud based back office. “At this point, in association with local electrical infrastructure data (supply availability/cabling network), EV GridSMART Online will make an informed judgement on whether to temporarily decrease the supply available to EVs in a particular location.” Kieron Alsop continues: “Once EV GridSMART Online has applied temporary EV charging limitations it will continue to monitor the demand on the local power network and, when appropriate and safe, reintroduce higher power levels to the EV charging points.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/y7scj2gb


News

EMISSIONS

Daimler diesels recalled following emission scandal LowCVP’s Andy Eastlake

Fake news, bad science and fleet warnings Mercedes-Benz cars sold in Britain in the past six years are being recalled by Daimler following concerns of ‘fake’ emission results. Owners of almost every model made by the firm will be asked to return their cars so the engines can be adjusted to reduce its pollution. This comes after an

investigation was launched by German authorities back in May following allegations of fraud and criminal advertising by employees of the firm regarding potential manipulation of exhaust controls in diesel vehicles. READ MORE tinyurl.com/y7ddaw6e

INFRASTRUCTURE

Shell and Allego team up to deploy EV chargers at fuel stations Shell and Allego are working together to install and operate the first fast chargers for electric vehicles at selected Shell service stations. The initial aim is for fast chargers to be fully operational at selected locations in the UK and Netherlands

by the end of the year. The first set of chargers are due to open in Greater London, Derby and the western part of the Netherlands. READ MORE tinyurl.com/y967n2b5

Print correction from GreenFleet issue 103 New Motion’s roaming agreement with Charge Your Car was ended prior to the completion of the Chargemaster Plc acquisition of Electromotive – Charge Your Car parent company. As

such Chargemaster Plc did not end this roaming agreement as previously reported in GreenFleet 103, page 23. The correction to the original story was supplied by Chargemaster.

In the 30+ years I have been involved in testing and developing automotive solutions, one enduring engineering constant has remained. If it looks too good to be true, it probably is! So why do I raise this now? Well, with the focus on vehicle emissions making daily headlines, fleet managers are again inundated with outlandish claims from product sellers claiming dramatic emissions reductions and mpg gains. More worryingly, these are often being given greater ‘authority’ through ‘customer testimonials’ and so-called ‘independent real-road testing’ but these results may often be unreliable, or carried out without the academic rigor needed to provide real confidence. The interest in new emission-reducing opportunities often comes with what can be a somewhat myopic insistence on so called ‘real-world’ results and, in some cases, leads to the use of bad data and unreliable results, with engineering ‘common sense’ thrown out of the window. Bad data is often worse than no data at all when making purchasing decisions, but few seem to realise the importance of good experimental design. At the LowCVP (with our EST colleagues) we are currently working with our members in industry and government to design a robust testing and accreditation scheme for technologies designed to reduce emissions down to the current Euro VI levels needed to meet proposed clean air zone limits. Designing these tests and processes to verify claims can be very complex and needs very careful control of all the variables to ensure the results stand up to rigorous scrutiny. Unfortunately advertising standards aren’t always effective in preventing sellers offering bolt-on technologies which don’t work or, even worse, which may actually increase emissions and invalidate warranties, exposing the fleet to potential prosecution for operating a vehicle with modified emissions control. There are some very good retrofit solutions for controlling emissions. SCR systems, for example, are now fitted to every new truck and are proven effective retrofits (when calibrated carefully) for buses and other vehicles. We have also seen some very impressive savings from hybrid systems and, of course, vehicle repowering solutions. However, in my (extensive) experience the results from magnets, fuel ‘pills’ and performance chips are rarely supported by solid evidence and invariably fail to deliver when properly tested. But the fleet manager today can’t spend time evaluating every option. It was for this reason that the LowCVP developed (with government support) our low carbon HGV testing scheme. We are now extending this certification scheme to help sort the ‘wheat from the chaff’ across other vehicle types and, importantly, to extend the emissions evaluation to all the noxious pollutants and greenhouse gases, ensuring low carbon and low emissions are achieved together. If you would like to get involved, please contact the LowCVP. Our goal is, as always, to help the extended automotive industry and its customers, develop real solutions for use on real vehicles doing real journeys, that really work.

FURTHER INFORMATION www.lowcvp.org.uk

Volume 105 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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News FREIGHT

LCRS operators reduce business emissions by seven per cent Operators of the FTA’s Logistics Carbon Reduction (LCRS) scheme have reduced business emissions by seven per cent since 2010, according to the FTA’s latest Logistics Carbon review. This achievement significantly outperforms the industry as a whole. The scheme, which is sponsored by Bridgestone Tyres, helps members to reduce carbon emissions through carbon reporting. Christopher Snelling, FTA Head of National & Regional Policy and Public Affairs, said: “The LCRS continues to grow in membership and in strength, and its members never fail to impress with their increasing efforts and versatility to adopt new technologies. The ongoing changes to air quality policy from government will continue to challenge us, but I am confident that our members will continue to outperform industry as a whole.” In 2016, LCRS members were also asked to provide the Euro standard breakdown for their vehicle fleet, and were found to be performing better than the industry average – over 35 per cent of member HGVs are already compliant

change in the environmental performance of our HGV fleet in the years ahead.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/yclv24ts

LIGHT COMMERCIAL VEHICLES

TAXIS

ECOnetic version of the updated Ford Transit Custom launched

New range-extended electric black taxi unveiled for London

The updated Ford Transit Custom van has a fuel-saving ECOnetic variant, which delivers 148 g/km CO2 emissions and 49.6 mpg, which is a six per cent improvement over the van’s most efficient current vehicle. This comes before the introduction of the zero-emission capable Plug-in Hybrid (PHEV) derivative scheduled for 2019. The PHEV Transit Custom will begin trials with fleet customers in London later this year. Available for the 300 Series short wheelbase van, the ECOnetic variant features the 103bhp engine and Auto-Stop-Start, low rolling resistance tyres, Ford’s Acceleration Control

READ MORE tinyurl.com/y8d6qwrf

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with the Euro VI emissions standards. Snelling added: “This is a very exciting and challenging time for our operators. There are increasing options for the electrification of our light commercial fleet, and I am positive that we can see some real

feature, and a fixed 62mph (100km/h) speed limiter. The updated Transit Custom has a new front-end design with three-bar Transit grille, a new cabin and SYNC 3 or MyFord Dock connectivity options. Further technologies introduced to commercial vehicles for the first time include Intelligent Speed Limiter. The new Transit Custom range is powered by Ford EcoBlue diesel engine and comes in a choice of 103, 127 and 167bhp power ratings. The advanced new engine delivers significant cost of ownership and performance benefits compared to the previous 2.2-litre diesel, with fuel-efficiency improved by up to 13 per cent and low-end torque enhanced by 20 per cent. The new Transit Custom vehicle line-up includes two roof heights, two wheelbase options, a gross vehicle mass range from 2.6 tonnes to 3.4 tonnes offering payloads up to 1,450 kg, and bodystyles including van, kombi and double-cab-in-van. New Transit Custom starts production in late 2017 for customer delivery from early 2018; the zero-emission capable Plug-in Hybrid (PHEV) derivative will launch in 2019.

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

The final version of the new London Taxi – the TX – has been revealed, showcasing its eCity technology. This allows for a range of over 400 miles including well over 70 miles range with zero emissions thanks to an advanced battery electric powertrain with a small petrol generator. The London Taxi Company has also revealed it has rebranded to become LEVC – the London EV Company – to support its strategy to produce electric commercial vehicles also. Due to launch in London later this year, LEVC is finalising its quality and testing regime for the TX which has taken it to the extreme heat of the Arizona desert and freezing temperatures in the Arctic Circle. LEVC has also received its first major international order from RMC in the Netherlands for an initial 225 vehicles to be delivered in 2018. RMC, one of the Netherlands’ largest taxi operators, has been appointed as the importer and operator. The company also revealed its ambitious commercial vehicle strategy, where it will shortly reveal its electric LCV, based on eCity technology. READ MORE tinyurl.com/yb2s4wb7


Commercial Vehicle News

FREIGHT TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION

AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES

Einride announces self-driving truck concept Swedish firm Einride has developed a new self-driving lorry concept with no room for people, only freight, called the T-Pod. The T-Pod has a 200kWh battery pack, which Einride says enables a 124-mile range on a single charge. Initial testing of the prototype is set to begin this year. The truck measures approximately seven metres in length and has a cargo hold capable of fitting 15 standard pallets and can carry up to 20 tonnes in weight of freight. The T-Pod manages the space-saving act by doing without a cabin as there’s no

space for drivers or passengers. The truck is capable of driving itself on highways and motorways, but in urban areas a human driver can assume control via a gaming-inspired remote driving station. Despite still being under development, Einride envisages that an active fleet of around 200 of its autonomous trucks will be active by 2020, running a freight route between the Swedish cities of Gothenburg and Helsingborg. READ MORE tinyurl.com/ybb5gdsb

BUS FLEETS

London to have more fully-electric bus routes TfL and the mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, have announced three more electric-only bus routes to cut toxic emissions. This is the latest in a series of measures to tackle London’s toxic air. The routes being converted to fully electric buses are Route 46, Route 153 and Route 214. The 56 new buses will be built in the UK in a partnership between British manufacturer ADL and Chinese company BYD, and the routes will be fully electric by mid-2019. The addition of new fully electric buses on routes 46, 153 and 214 will bring the total number of electric buses

in London to over 170. This includes route 360, which will convert to fully-electric buses later this year, and routes 70 and C1 are set to follow in spring 2018. Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, said: “London’s buses have been one of the biggest contributors to harmful pollution coming from our transport network, and I’m proud that we continue to take some of the boldest action of any city in the world to clean up our bus fleet.” READ MORE tinyurl.com/ybwg9bxg

FTA Carbon Review 2017 launched We launched our FTA’s Environment Policy 2017 Logistics Carbon Manager Becki Terry and FTA President Leigh Pomlett Review in July, which incorporates the seventh annual results of the Logistics Carbon Reduction Scheme (LCRS). We are very pleased to announce the report revealed members have achieved an impressive seven per cent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions since 2010. Our members continue to significantly outperform industry as a whole, which is struggling to reduce carbon emissions at all. Sponsored by LCRS industry partner Bridgestone, the report highlights that the uptake in alternative fuels still remains challenging. Uncertainty over infrastructure and payback periods continue to limit expansion, but despite this LCRS members continue to trial alternatively fuelled vehicles. Encouragingly, the report reveals a 12 per cent reduction in emissions overall per km. In 2016, we asked LCRS members to provide their Euro standard breakdown for their vehicle fleet. Interestingly this also reveals they are performing better than the industry average – over 35 per cent of their HGVs are already Euro VI. Amongst the various methods of emissions reduction being utilised by our members, tyre management, periodic driver training and telematics are yielding the best results. In the government’s most recent freight carbon review, it endorsed the Logistics Carbon Reduction Scheme, praising our members for their continued support and effort. The scheme is successfully demonstrating industry’s ability to improve on its own without government regulation. The LCRS continues to grow in membership and in strength, and its members continue to impress us with their increasing efforts and versatility to adopt new technologies. By signing up to the scheme, members are demonstrating their dedication to reducing national carbon emissions. Through carbon reporting, the LCRS aggregates fuel usage and business activity data from members to establish a carbon footprint for the scheme. Membership of the LCRS is restricted to FTA members. It is free to join and open to all companies with at least one commercial vehicle (HGV or van). This is a very exciting and challenging time for our operators, there are increasing options for the electrification of our light commercial fleet, and I am positive that we can see some real change in the environmental performance of our HGV fleet in the years ahead. The LCRS remains an invaluable tool in providing evidence of the consistent efforts made by freight and FTA would urge more companies to join. FURTHER INFORMATION www.fta.co.uk www.fta.co.uk/lcrs

Volume 105 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Air Quality Written by Dominic Phinn, business engagement coordinator, ClientEarth

Helping fleets get ahead amid air pollution issues

There is a serious air pollution problem in this country, brought to light by health warnings, court cases and industry-level scandal. Dominic Phinn from environmental law firm ClientEarth gives advice to fleets, as political attention to air quality makes waves in the transport sector If we cast our minds back five years and think about the health issues debated in the UK, air quality was nowhere near the top of the list. But that’s all changed. There is a serious pollution problem in this country, brought to light by health warnings, court cases and industry-level scandal. Air quality is now front and centre of conversations about health and the environment. London Mayor Sadiq Khan states air quality as one of his top two priorities and Michael Gove has promised to make cutting air pollution one of his top concerns in his new post as secretary of state for environment. Political attention to air quality is already making waves in the transport sector. So what’s this likely to mean for the fleet world? The UK’s air quality problem Tackling poor air quality will demand strong decisions, particularly for those responsible for large fleets of light commercial vehicles. But the attention that the issue of air quality is receiving is right and overdue. In the UK, pollution levels cause the equivalent of 40,000 premature deaths every year. Air pollution can trigger heart and asthma attacks, increasing the risk of death. It also causes cancer and can stunt the lungs of children growing up in polluted areas. During pregnancy and childhood we know that development of the heart, brain, hormone systems and immune system can all

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be affected by air pollution. These risks have been reflected in EU law for some time. Since 2008, the UK has been bound by legal limits on nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and other pollutants. But the NO2 limit has been and continues to be consistently breached throughout the UK, around our busier roads and town centres. The Dieselgate scandal highlighted how vehicles are emitting far more on the roads than they do in the lab. In some places, people are being exposed to two to three times the legal limit of nitrogen dioxide.

The transport detox

is underway l Policy change will follow but Politica n o i t the direction of travel is n e t t a s i clear. Paris, Madrid, Athens y t i l ua and Mexico City have to air q waves in said they will ban diesel g makin port sector. vehicles from 2025 to cut s pollution. As a result the tran t’s this likely ofairClientEarth’s legal a h w e h t So r o challenge in Munich (the f n home of BMW), the mayor to mea world? recently announced that he fleet

Legal action to protect health This is totally unacceptable. As a public interest law organisation, ClientEarth believes that people should have the right to breathe clean air and we have now taken successive UK governments to court to call for an effective and targeted Air Quality Plan (AQP) to uphold that right. As a result of our legal challenges, an AQP was published in December 2015 but it was woefully inadequate – not enough detail, not enough accuracy, and not enough action taken by central government. Following a second legal challenge in

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2016, the UK government was ordered by the High Court to improve their AQP. The government’s own technical evidence identifies charging Clean Air Zones as the most effective way to reduce air pollution in our towns and cities quickly. This means that whatever the plan looks like, government will have to clamp down on diesel.

sees no choice but to ban diesel from the city centre to combat the “shocking” NO2 concentrations in the city. French Energy minister Nicolas Hulot recently stated that sales of gas and diesel-powered vehicles in France will be phased out over the course of the next two and a half decades. Meanwhile, fluctuating oil prices, increased concern about carbon emissions, improvements in electric vehicle charging infrastructure, and growing public attention to air quality have led to strong


commitment from businesses. Volvo sent shockwaves through the car industry, announcing that all models it introduces from 2019 will be either hybrid or powered solely by batteries. General Motors announced plans to launch ten electric models by 2020 and Toyota, which has traditionally been reluctant to make all-electric vehicles, has set out an ambition to mass-produce them by 2020. We are yet to see how these commitments will be replicated by manufacturers of commercial vehicles, but we are seeing increasingly ambitious commitments from companies with large fleets. Distribution Giant UPS has just set a new goal to ensure that by 2020, of all vehicles purchased annually, one in four will be an alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicle. The company also set a new goal that by 2025, 40 per cent of all fuel will be from sources other than petrol and diesel. Changes fleet owners will face ClientEarth is calling for a comprehensive network of Clean Air Zones (CAZs) across

the UK that will keep the dirtiest vehicles out of the most polluted parts of our towns and cities. There needs to be measures to help and incentivise fleet managers, particularly those from the smallest businesses, to switch from the dirtiest vehicles to cleaner forms of transport. We also need to see markets for cleaner commercial vehicles develop further in order to make sure there are competitive low and zero-emission alternatives. We need to make switching from diesel not just the right decision to protect people’s health, but also a decision that makes sense financially. Government support may include removing the fiscal incentives for diesel vehicles and investing in charging infrastructure to improve the number, reliability and speed of charging points. The government should also put in place a targeted scrappage scheme for diesel cars, vans and lorries to get the worst polluting vehicles off our roads and help people and businesses move on to cleaner forms of transport.

Cleaner and cheaper transport Poor air quality is costing people their health and the NHS billions. However, the technology to tackle it is available and increasingly affordable, and change is already happening. Cities are mapping plans that restrict access to vehicles with internal combustion engines, and manufacturers are answering with a shift in planned production. As real driving emissions are more effectively measured and noted, there is a real risk that even new Euro 6 diesel vehicles may soon be prohibited from entering the UK’s network of proposed Clean Air Zones – and similar networks across Europe. Forward-looking fleet managers will look to shifting fleets to low or zero emission vehicles now. The transition from diesel will not be without challenges but will lead to a UK with cleaner, more attractive cities, healthier people and, ultimately, improved efficiency in logistics. What we need now is for the UK government to stop delaying and deliver a plan that fleet managers can act on with confidence and that will accelerate the unmistakeable clean transport trend that is already in place so we can breathe clean air. "

Air Quality

There needs to be measures to help and incentivise fleet managers, particularly those from the smallest businesses, to switch from the dirtiest vehicles to cleaner forms of transport

ClientEarth is committed to giving industry a voice in the clean air debate. To get involved in the debate, contact Dominic Phinn, see below. FURTHER INFORMATION www.clientearth.org dphinn@clientearth.org.org

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Expert Panel: Telematics

EXPERT PANEL TELEMATICS How is technology enabling a shift in the way we travel? And will new mobility trends have a role within fleets? Our telematics expert panelists give their views

Darryll Finch, Smart Vehicle Product Owner, O2

Colin Ferguson, MD of fleet & optimisation, Trakm8

Martin Kadhim, sales director, Lightfoot

Having worked in fleet telematics for over 20 years, Darryll is excited by all its innovations, none as much as the impact of the Internet of Things (IoT). He’s product owner for O2 Smart Vehicle with responsibility for its future roadmap. O2 Smart Vehicle gives fleet managers and leasing companies real-time visibility of their fleet.

As a former fleet manager, Colin’s extensive understanding of the industry assists Trakm8 in providing businesses with better efficiencies, improved safety initiatives and significant cost reductions. He is the managing director of fleet and optimisation at telematics provider Trakm8.

Martin has extensive knowledge in the IT, advertising and automotive sectors. He is passionate about the use of technology and psychology to improve driver behaviour, lower costs and reduce harmful emissions. He has been a pioneer in the sector since 2006, playing a key role in the growth of Lightfoot.

New ways of travelling – such as using apps to book taxis in the case of Uber and ride-sharing schemes such as BlaBlaCar are becoming increasingly used by consumers in their private lives. It is the rapid rise in technology and connected devices that is shaping ‘mobility’, and many firms in the tech space are now competing with traditional car manufacturers to offer travel solutions. “Technology has catalysed a transportation revolution in the consumer world,” says Mike Hemming from Masternaut. “Car sharing, ride sharing, mobile ticket, GPS navigation systems and the like have transformed how most people travel.” Many auto-makers are responding to this trend. Ford, for example, has recently launched a Smart Mobility Innovation Office in East

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London as part of its plans to become a “mobility” company. It hopes the new hub will help the company commercialise smart technologies such as ride-sharing and driverless cars. Towards the end of 2016, Volkswagen launched a new mobility services company, MOIA, to keep up with changing mobility patterns. It aims to develop a deep understanding of new forms of mobility and devise products such as a ride hailing app and on-demand pooling services. Ford and VW are not alone, with many other manufacturers investing in ‘mobility’ as well as traditional car production. Business travel So what does this mean for business travel? Much like the consumer market, a new way of thinking about travel is being adopted in fleet

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Mike Hemming, UK director of professional Services, Masternaut Mike has over 12 years’ telematics experience. This has involved implementing telematics solutions across the globe and partnering with large companies such as Shell and the National Grid to provide consultancy services aimed at improving driver behaviour, reducing fleet risk and maximising return on investment.

operations. For many, it is no longer simply about running a fleet of vehicles, but rather finding the best way for staff to get from A to B – even if that includes a mix of options. Darryll Finch from O2 Smart Vehicle believes that ‘mobility management’ is a new approach to fleet management that looks holistically at all aspects of personal and business travel. He says: “Fewer and fewer organisations are asking ‘what kind of vehicle do I give Fred?’ and instead asking ‘what’s the best way to get Fred from A to B’?” “Using a variety of measures and analytics tools – including cost, time, duty of care and health & safety – a mobility management system will make the best choice for the business and the employee in each case.” Colin Ferguson from Trakm8 points out that some companies are going beyond the


Fleets and mobility How can fleets benefit from embracing new mobility trends? Darryll Finch from O2 Smart Vehicle believes that car sharing is an area that’s seeing lots of exciting innovations, and many of these services need little more than an app on a user’s smartphone to get a fleet up and running. He says: “For organisations that lease the majority of their vehicles, vehicle sharing is potentially transformational, because it means businesses pay only for vehicles when they’re in use – and not when they’re idle. “With these kinds of car sharing services, there’s often a simple and low registration fee for each user – then a time-based or mileage-based charge captured on the driver’s smartphone. Things like congestion charge are all included in the service, so these systems are very easy to manage and administer for the business,” Darryll adds. Colin Ferguson from Trakm8 meanwhile envisages the growth of MaaS will cause grey fleet to disappear. He says: “This is a huge benefit for organisations as it eliminates a great deal of bureaucracy. Ultimately, pool cars will also become virtually redundant. It will simply cease to be cost-effective in most cases to own or lease an asset that sits idle for 95 per cent of the time like a personal car does.” Fleet management Aside from facilitating new ways of travel, technology is also having a transformative effect on day-to-day fleet operations. Mike Hemming from Masternaut says:

“Before telematics, managers operated with very little real-time information. Jobs and schedules were set at the start of each day, and companies had few opportunities to be truly responsive. “Now, the most well-known use of telematics – mapping vehicle GPS locations – allows a fleet manager to change driver schedules to meet real-time needs. This frequently leads to improvements in service, as the business reacts immediately to customer needs.” Martin Kadhim from Lightfoot believes that technology really comes into its own when it can deliver results rather than just report data. He says: “In our experience, technology on its own is an important, useful first step, but when it’s combined with an understanding of driver psychology and motivation, it can be used to deliver a whole new level of efficiency within fleets. “We’ve learnt that through a combination of technology, psychology and motivation, fleet operators provide their drivers with the tools to change their behaviour on the road for the better, with no need for time-consuming data analytics.” “This means,” Martin continues, “that costs are cut, risk is cut, drivers are empowered, motivated and better looked after, and all this is achieved with minimal impact on management time.”

Online supermarket Ocado is investigating this new technology with a trial of a self-driving grocery delivery vehicle. The trial sees the CargoPod operating in a residential environment, delivering grocery as part of the TRL-led GATEway Project. The focus of the study is both on the commercial opportunities of self-driving technology and how it functions alongside people in a residential environment. This is one example of how self driving vehicles could help in a commercial application. So do our panelists believe that self-driving vehicles have a place in fleets? Martin Kadhim from Lightfoot believes that autonomous vehicles are the future, but that there is a vital transition period over the next 15 to 20 years where human-driven and autonomous vehicles will need to safely co-exist on our roads. He says: “Connected vehicle technology is the solution, and Lightfoot have just been chosen by the government to lead the only connected vehicle technology project that will address this. The project is supported by Innovate UK and the Centre for Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CCAV), with the aim of ensuring the UK is a global leader in connected and autonomous vehicle technology.” With the testing of autonomous vehicles expected to start on UK motorways by 2019, the role of automated vehicles will grow Self-driving vehicles within fleets, believes Darryll Finch from O2 The Automated and Electric Vehicles Smart Vehicle. He says: “At first, fleets Bill, which was included in may feel risk-averse towards the Queen’s Speech, says it autonomous vehicles. So it’s wants the UK to be at the great to see the government Much forefront of developing continuing to support e h like t r new technology for this exciting area. But e m u s automated road once drivers catch on n o c ew n vehicles, and that to the productivity a , t e mark thinking motor insurance gains of working will be changed ay of l is being on the motorway w to cover the use like they could on the rave of driverless cars. train, for example, ! about t in fleet

Expert Panel: Telematics

traditional use of telematics to exploring new initiatives such as car-sharing and Mobility as a Service (MaaS) apps. He defines these as “apps that aggregate all possible travel options – pool car, car club, ride-sharing, Uber, taxi, train, tram, bus and bike – to provide the fastest, greenest and cheapest travel.”

d adopte ations oper

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Expert Panel: Telematics

Expert final thoughts Darryll Finch In the future, we’ll see more sophisticated telematics more widely embraced by all types of organisations, as businesses push their fleets to operate as cleanly, efficiently and profitably as possible. I also think we’ll see a steady rise in electric vehicles, with the rapid advances in passenger vehicles being replicated in the light commercial market, as van operators start to enjoy real choice. Colin Ferguson The nature of fleet operations will change significantly over the course of the next decade. We expect to see diesel and petrol vehicles decline in numbers, partially due to air pollution but also due to higher running costs than low-emission alternatives. Self-driving cars, vans and trucks will definitely be on the rise, along with ADAS. Fundamentally we see fleets being smaller. They will own fewer assets – and the majority of what they do own will be ultra-low emission vehicles. Martin Kadhim Regarding autonomous vehicles, there’s the question of how we can safely integrate them into road transport systems currently comprised (almost wholly) of human-driven vehicles. Lightfoot engenders a driving style in human-driven vehicles that is more in-tune with the emerging autonomous vehicles of the future, so it is certain to minimise the conflicts and the resultant accidents caused by the two co-existing. So, technology will see big changes in our fleets, but what we really need to work on is how they are driven. Mike Hemming Telematics systems will becoming increasingly integrated with other operational systems. For example, HR information, customer addresses and job schedules will be displayed automatically within the telematics platform, while location and vehicle data will feed automatically into ERP and CRM systems to improve supply chain efficiency and customer service. What’s more, as more and more of a company’s assets are connected to the cloud, software will be able to further optimise operations.

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It is the rapid rise in technology and connected devices that is shaping ‘mobility’, and many firms in the tech space are now competing with traditional car manufacturers to offer travel solutions # I think user demand will drive uptake. And of course, haulage and logistics firms recognise the potential for driverless vehicles to dramatically reduce their labour costs.” Colin Ferguson from Trakm8 says: “We fully expect automated vehicles to play an increasing role in transport and travel, which is why we are already working in this space. We see advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) as the next phase, ahead of fully-autonomous vehicles. ADAS can help prevent collisions and even warn drivers about traffic congestion further up the road. But ultimately ADAS will be an enabler of autonomous vehicles.” Mike Hemming from Masternaut sees autonomous vehicles not significantly affecting fleets in the short term, mainly because he believes the technology is still many years away from maturity. Mike also points out that for many companies, it is not just driving that employees do. He explains: “For most fleet operators, mobile workers do more than just drive. They also deliver packages, carry out field services, work at construction sites, and so on. Thus, labour savings from automated driving will be minimal, as mobile workers must still be fully staffed for the same jobs they have today.” “That said,” Mike continues, “fuel and maintenance cost improvements and safety gains from optimised driving mean that automated vehicles will become commonplace fairly soon after the technology matures – likely 10 to 25 years from now.” The future With technology driving mobility changes and autonomous vehicles rapidly progressing, we asked our panelists what they think fleet operations will look like in 10 years. Will diesel no longer be used? Will vehicles be all electric? Will vehicles drive themselves? Mike Hemming from Masternaut believes that fleet operations will be even more reliant on data and connectivity but with less human intelligence needed to connect the dots with business operations or other systems. He says: “Telematics systems will become increasingly integrated with other operational systems. For example, HR information, customer addresses and job schedules will be displayed automatically within the telematics platform, while location and vehicle data will feed automatically into ERP and CRM systems to improve supply chain efficiency and customer service.” Mike goes on to say that the ‘Internet of Things’ (IoT) will increasingly become reality. He says: “As more and more of a company’s assets – and its partners’ assets – are connected to the cloud, software will be able to further optimise operations. Imagine if your

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mobile worker schedules were determined by smart sensors reporting maintenance alerts, or if the right vehicle for the right job were determined automatically based on which equipment is already onboard.” Darryll Finch from O2 Smart Vehicle echoes this thought, saying “We’ll see deeper and more sophisticated vehicle telematics more widely embraced by all types of organisations, as businesses push their fleets to operate as cleanly, efficiently and profitably as possible.” He also points out the younger workers will make an interesting change to the profession. He says: “As millennials advance in their careers, for example, their willingness to consume almost everything as a service may well see personal and business vehicle ownership move into the hands of a few large service providers.” Because of factors like air pollution and high running costs, Colin Ferguson from Trakm8 believes diesel and petrol vehicles will decline in numbers, with low-emission alternatives growing. Colin adds: “Fundamentally we see fleets being smaller. They will own fewer assets – and the majority of what they do own will be ultra-low emission vehicles. Through advanced algorithms such as Trakm8 Optimisation, these vehicles will have far higher utilisation rates than they do at present. We predict that fleet managers will retain core fleets for predictable, high-utilisation operations; and augment them with on-demand MaaS applications.” Martin Kadhim from Lightfoot sees more electric vehicles entering fleets in the future, but that it will take time. He says: “At the cutting edge, there are some fantastic exciting changes happening but these will inevitably face many ups and downs before they become mainstream applications. Our sister company, Ashwoods Electric Motors, makes highly innovative and efficient electric motors and we know the lead time between initial development to mainstream production can be several years. “That said, there was a 29 per cent growth in electric and hybrid registrations last month and Volvo have just said all their cars will have electric motors by 2019. So, things are definitely moving.” Martin goes on to say that despite all innovations in technology, vehicles still have to be driven by humans, [unless autonomous] and so they are fundamental in all future fleets in terms of fuel efficiency and safety. He says: “We believe some of the excitement around the new technologies ignore the biggest fundamental truth that, while they are still driven by humans, the way they are driven probably matters more than anything else.” "


et quoditiat dolo qui de volecab orerisqui nitibusdae nullacianti rest, sitiatis ut idem quodi consequat facimagnime pernatemquae Lightfoot rewards better drivers and is So, how does Lightfoot work? nimus tem ipsaest eseffectiveness net et comes through the world’searibus, first platform to help them moluptatium Lightfoot’s monetise their good driving. xoxoxoxo It has two core components. A small device that communicates directly with the vehicle’s INFORMATION engine and provides the FURTHER driver with visual and verbal feedback to xxx them to stay within the engine’s enable ‘sweet spot’ (optimum efficiency). The second component is an exciting rewards platform that enables drivers to benefit personally from better driving (whether at work or at home) through competitions, prizes, discounts and other incentives. What is Lightfoot? Described by many as the ‘Fitbit for cars’, Lightfoot has pioneered a new standard and way of measuring efficient driving. It has been developed in partnership with the Institute of Advanced Motorists and leading driver-behaviour experts at Bath University. It uses advanced, real-time engine analytics to provide live, in-cab coaching to help drivers improve both efficiency and safety – and then get rewarded for it. Every driver with Lightfoot has a score and when they stray outside of the engine’s ‘sweet spot’, they receive a nudge to guide them back into a smoother driving style. If they ignore the first two gentle nudges they receive from Lightfoot, they are issued with a Lightfoot penalty, which affects their score negatively. Those who achieve a score of 85 per cent and above are Elite Drivers, and receive a range of rewards and the chance to win prizes for their good driving. What are the benefits? Organisations using Lightfoot can achieve a rapid and measurable improvement in driving styles, as well as improved welfare and safety of drivers. Changes are sustained over time because of ongoing in cab engagement and there is minimal management input required – Lightfoot gives results, not lots of data. Lightfoot can generate fuel and emissions savings of 15-20 per cent, as well as accident reductions of up to 60 per cent (validated by Allianz Insurance Plc). Tracking, driver ID, business versus personal mileage are all available and easy to use, while wear and tear on vehicles is reduced (eg. downtime reduced by 45 per cent – CEF).

the use of three basic components. In order to bring about genuine, lasting behavioural change, it uses a unique combination of technology, psychology and motivation. The technology involves Lightfoot communicating with the engine via the on-board diagnostics port and constantly measuring how efficiently it is being driven. The psychology component involves giving the driver real-time verbal and visual nudges exactly when they need to adjust their driving style. For motivation, lightfoot turns efficient driving into a competition with scores, league tables, incentives and rewards for better driving.

Rewarding better drivers Lightfoot has pioneered the idea of ‘Rewarding Better Drivers’ and believes good driving needs to be recognised and championed. After all, the more good drivers we have, the cleaner and safer our roads will become for everyone. So, while the Lightfoot technology provides the real-time feedback drivers need to improve their driving style, it is the rewards platform that motivates them to do so in the first place, and then sustains their interest long term. L ightfoot Elite Drivers are eligible for rewards and incentives. Every week Elite Drivers win prizes such as supercar trackdays, iPads, weekend breaks or a year’s supply of pies. There is a rapidly expanding network of partners offering rewards and special deals, including discounted premiums for drivers’ private motor insurance based on their driving performance at work.

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Making 800 WORD our EDIT roads safer, HEADLINE cleaner andHERE less expensive by AS TIGHT AS rewarding better POSS drivers Lightfoot Fleet Driver of the Week As part of the broader commitment to rewarding better drivers, Lightfoot offers fleet drivers exciting incentives to motivate them to achieve and maintain a smooth driving style. A key component of this is the recently-launched Lightfoot Fleet Driver of the Week award. Every fleet driver who hits their company KPIs is entered into a draw each week and the winning driver receives a prize, sponsored by Allianz Insurance Plc. Lightfoot Fleet Driver of the Week has been very popular with drivers and management alike since its launch in February this year, giving fleet drivers further incentives to hit their company KPIs. So far, prizes have ranged from gadgets like the Amazon Echo to experiences such as supercar track days. Insurer endorsement Lightfoot is recommended and endorsed by a number of leading fleet insurers For example, Allianz Insurance recognise that Lightfoot has a significant impact on accident rates. They recorded a 40 per cent reduction in claims frequency and a 60 per cent reduction in claims value in fleets of vehicles with Lightfoot installed. In 2016, they designated Lightfoot as their official Risk Management Partner, and actively promote Lightfoot to their fleet customers (with no financial incentive from Lightfoot). " FURTHER INFORMATION www.lightfoot.co.uk

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FORS – the Fleet Operator Recognition Scheme – continues to establish itself nationwide as the preferred best practice accreditation scheme for commercial vehicle operators. With the FORS Standard acting as the benchmark reference source for members, and through its comprehensive FORS

Professional training programme, FORS leads the way in promoting safety, efficiency and environmental protection. What is FORS? FORS is a voluntary accreditation scheme set up by Transport for London (TfL) in 2008. Initially a London-centric scheme to improve standards for commercial

Training FORS Professional, a comprehensive training programme that comprises workshops, eLearning and practical guidance, is undoubtedly the cornerstone of the FORS endeavour. Two distinct pathways are available for drivers and managers. Drivers will benefit from TfL-funded Safe Urban Driving (SUD) courses, fuel economy, staying legal and cycle safety – van drivers receive specific Van Smart training. A total of 12,039 SUD drivers took part in FORS training in 2016, with 30,120 eLearning modules completed. For managers, FORS Practitioner workshops – a series of nine individual workshops covering all aspects of the modern Transport Office – is the definitive route to operational best practice. FORS !

Written by John Hix, director, FORS

FORS, the best practice accreditation scheme for commercial vehicle operators, continues to help organisations run a safer, greener and more efficient fleet. With over 4,600 members, FORS director John Hix gives an update on what the scheme offers

Commercial Vehicles

Raising standards in commercial vehicle fleets

vehicles and their operations, FORS now has members right across the UK, Ireland and European mainland – all adopting operational best practice in accordance with the FORS Standard – the all-encompassing reference guide and information source for FORS members. Any vehicle displaying a FORS sticker has passed a rigorous FORS audit, and is part of a fleet which is proven to meet the highest standards of best practice. Managed by the FORS Community Partnership – AECOM and Fleet Source and the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport (CILT) – FORS uses its unique blend of commercial and industry experience to champion best practice across the road transport industry, with 4,600 members, and more than 137,000 vehicles accredited.

FORS uses its nd ble unique rcial and me of com experience y industr mpion best to cha across the e practic transport d roa y industr

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Commercial Vehicles

# Practitioner workshops are run at an increasing number of locations across the country. FORS-online.org.uk provides an up-to-date schedule. With a focus on safety training, FORS believes it is the catalyst to greater productivity and enhanced environmental protection. Fuel and operational cost Fuel consumption is the biggest annual cost for vehicle operators, and the impact individual drivers can have on reducing these costs is enormous. Thorough driver training can help maximise these savings, and FORS has the evidence to support the claim with FORS Gold members enjoying a 10 per cent reduction in fuel use year-on-year in 2016 (based on 82 FORS Gold members operating 7,590 vehicles). Safer, defensive driving reduces emissions and ultimately saves operators money. Through demonstration and training, safer driving techniques directly influence the environmental impact of a truck fleet. Staying Lo The LoCITY Driving training is a seven-hour CPC-accredited course part-funded by TfL, and aimed at HGV drivers, van drivers and transport managers across the spectrum. Training focuses on minimising environmental impact by emissions reduction using pre-journey planning and vehicle checks, fuel-efficient driving, and alternative fuels. Encouraging fleets to be accountable for their emissions allows FORS to create an environment in which operators and drivers are given the insight to improve. The LoCity course compliments the FORS training offering, giving drivers and transport managers the knowledge and skills to reduce environmental impact, using more efficient driving techniques, and guidance on journey planning and maintenance. FORS Standard The FORS Standard provides the benchmark reference document for all FORS members. It is devised and regularly assessed and updated by the FORS Governance & Standard Advisory Group (GSAG), and comprises leading operators, contract specifiers and industry bodies working in the transport sector, together honing the FORS Standard and maintaining its relevance to modern commercial vehicle operators. Updates to the FORS Standard issued in November 2016 saw new criteria introduced to further ensure members maximise energy use, and therefore reduce their environmental impact. The Silver level of accreditation requires fleet operators to monitor and manage fuel consumption, and both Silver and Gold accredited fleets are now required to designate an individual as the ‘Fuel and Emissions Champion’ – responsible for environmental sustainability in the fleet, including using FORS’ free of charge toolkits relating to fuel, CO2 and emissions. The FORS Standard is inclusive and so members seeking accreditation may own many older vehicles which do not comply with Euro 6 emissions standards. For this

The Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) will come into force in 2020, and while all operators will be affected, this is particularly important for fleets operating in the capital reason, operators must train their workforce, equipping them with the skills they need to drive safely and as efficiently as possible to help meet environmental improvement criteria. The FORS Standard insists on fleets creating a robust Environmental Fleet Management Policy to assess and monitor not only data on driver and vehicle performance, but also to closely monitor journey planning, vehicle service and maintenance, and even details such as engine-idling. Most operators understand the commercial necessity of reducing engine-idling. From a commercial point of view, reducing idling saves money, and with telematics systems, it is also far simpler to monitor. At Bronze, FORS members must have a policy and procedure in place to reduce idling, with an online toolkit available for members to use to action this policy. Ultra Low Emission Zone The Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) will come into force in 2020, and while all operators will be affected, this is particularly important for fleets operating in the capital. Advice and training from FORS will help drivers and transport managers to continually improve emissions by broadening their skills-set to identify efficiencies, to help save the business time and money, and, work to reduce the emissions footprint of the whole fleet. Some sources suggest that there are 40,000 premature UK deaths due to air quality related illness, and 9,500 annual premature deaths in London due to poor air quality.

It is the responsibility of all operators to ensure they are minimising their impact on the environment, something FORS seeks to address. This analysis gives real insight into what vehicles are using and producing, giving operators the tools to track improvements and encourage greater efficiency, monitoring indicators such as NOx and particulate matter, as well as continuing to measure total fuel usage and transport related CO2. FORS in action FORS Gold member, CMH Haulage, is based in East London, and provides haulage contracting, including bulk excavator and plant hire, to suppliers of foundation and building materials. Adnan Manzoor is the company’s owner, transport manager and elected fuel and emissions champion. He explains how important FORS is to the company: “We came across FORS when tendering for work. When we looked at the requirements and benefits of joining the scheme we saw that they fitted in perfectly with our ethos of improving safety whilst complementing our drive to improve fuel efficiency and reduce our environmental impact. The performance management toolkit really helped us set our targets for reducing our carbon footprint and accidents while improving our MPG. FORS has also helped us improve our filing systems and procedures.” " FURTHER INFORMATION www.fors-online.org.uk/cms

Volume 105 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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With cars as diverse as the iconic Fiat 500, the strapping Jeep Cherokee and the new Alfa Romeo Stelvio, the line-up of vehicles from Fiat Chrysler Automobiles can arguably tick every fleet box. GreenFleet chats to FCA’s Francis Bleasdale to find out how the firm’s range of vehicles and business support services have gained momentum in the fleet industry How does FCA’s portfolio of distinctive and iconic brands differentiate from any other manufacturer group? The first major differential is that FCA offers a complete multi-brand fleet package – a ‘one-stop-shop’ offering everything from multi-award winning city cars in the Fiat 500 to multi-award winning executive saloon cars in the Alfa Romeo Giulia through to tough and capable off-road vehicles such as the “4x4 of the Year” Jeep Renegade and the multi award winning commercial vehicle line up with Fiat Professional, all backed by the Mopar branded after sales service network. Each brand has an individual personality built from a rich and iconic history making FCA a portfolio to be proud of. What is FCA’s message to the fleet market and how is it being received? Firstly, our message is that we offer a complete and credible fleet solution with a robust support network. We were recognised this year

FCA wins ‘Most Improved Fleet Manufacturer Award’ Fiat Chrysler Automobiles has scooped the ‘Most Improved Fleet Manufacturer’ at the Fleet World Awards. The award recognises improvements from the company’s Fleet and Business department, which represents Fiat, Fiat Professional, Alfa Romeo and Jeep®. Judges were impressed not only by the strength and breadth of the vehicle line-up but also by the changes made in the last year to improve the fleet offering.

with two industry awards of most improved fleet manufacturer of the year, both of which highlighted significant improvements in total costs of ownership, a restructured head office and network team and a depth of product range that has made the group very attractive to fleets of all varieties. This is now being bourne out in FCA group brands appearing on many more fleet policies with customers able to see the value of a multi-brand solution. With imminent exciting new models to the range such as Alfa Romeo Stelvio expected in the Autumn and Jeep Compass later in the year, the momentum we are gaining will clearly continue. From the Fiat Panda for inner city driving, to the Jeep Cherokee for longer distances, where is the core strength for each brand? FCA Fleet and Business is our core umbrella brand communicating that we are serious about business and supporting our customers, no matter the size. We are not just a bolt-on to each brand but a philosophy designed to bring all of the brands together.

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A flick through FCA’s portfolio

Fiat is all about colour, style and individuality, but it’s also great value. Fiat sports a rich Italian lifestyle heritage of dolce vita (the good life). Fiat customers have a real affinity for their cars, with the iconic Fiat 500 taking the hearts of its owners. Not being afraid to reinvent old classics, Fiat is renowned for bold style and characterful vehicles. From a history of modification, Abarth takes the key Fiat brand attributes but injects a performance element to create the ultimate track-going road car. The level of specialist skill that Abarth brings in creating a pure bred performance car required a specific network to deliver the exacting requirements demanded by our customers. Jeep is about freedom, the great outdoors and living every day as an adventure. It allows you to go anywhere and do anything. With over 75 years of history, Jeep is a lifestyle statement that our customers find a real affinity with. Whether it’s driving to work, the shops or going off-road, Jeep is the perfect choice. Alfa Romeo – la meccanica delle emozioni (the mechanics of emotion) – delivers the perfect choice for both heads and hearts. With a rich Italian history and racing heritage focused on performance and style, Alfa Romeo is the driving enthusiast’s car. Jeremy Clarkson regularly cites that you cannot be passionate about cars without having owned an Alfa Romeo. The new Giulia sets a new standard (winning the Autocar Game Changer award this year) in not only driving enjoyment, but setting a new benchmark of any car in crash safety tests. Fiat Professional’s range of vans of all sizes enables professional drivers to go about their everyday lives in comfort and style. Fiat Professional vehicles are industry recognised as class leading in the wide and flexible model line up. It offers a professional vehicle for every occasion. !

Each and FCA br ividual ind has an ality built person rich and from a ory, making ist iconic h a portfolio FCA roud to be p of

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The Stelvio: Alfa Romeo’s first SUV in 10 years The Alfa Romeo Stelvio was unveiled to a UK audience at this year’s Goodwood Festival of Speed. On sale in the autumn, the Stelvio will be available in three trim levels – Stelvio, Super and Speciale Milano Edizione and with a choice of a 280bhp 2.0-litre turbocharged petrol or a 210bhp 2.2-litre diesel engine, both combined with an 8-speed automatic transmission and Q4 all-wheel drive. Inspired by Italy’s highest mountain pass – a 20 kilometre driving route with more than 75 hairpins – the Stelvio has been built to offer an engaging driving experience while still maintaining the driver’s comfort. What’s more, it has achieved a five-star Euro NCAP rating with a score of 97 per cent for the protection of adult occupants – the highest score in its category.

Alfa Romeo Stelvio

Alfa Romeo Stelvio

Dedicated business version: Fiat Tipo Elite The Fiat Tipo Elite 1.6-litre turbodiesel manual is geared towards fleet customers. With hatchback and Station Wagon body styles, the new Fiat Tipo has low emissions from 89g/km CO2. BIK is from 18 per cent and P11D from £16,940. Specification includes navigation system with LIVE services, autonomous emergency brake, speed limiter and adaptive cruise control, electric driver’s seat lumbar support, 16-inch alloy wheels and an Eco Pack. Fiat Tipo hatchback and Station Wagon

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Alfa Romeo Giulia Veloce

Abarth range


Fiat 500

“Alfa is back” has been expressed by many over the past year. How well received have the Giulia and Stelvio been? The sheer volume of awards taken across the industry by the Alfa Romeo Giulia speaks volumes on the capability of this new car but it’s the everyday customer that ultimately decides. During 2017 we have attended a number of fleet test drive events and have run roadshows and demonstration programmes across the UK. The feedback has been incredible not only from those that have driven the car but also from those that haven’t. Comments from customers always start with how good looking and stylish the Giulia is. It is a beautiful car. These good looks are not just skin deep. The interior of the car is just as well designed. Following the drive of the car, customers tell us that they feel like the vehicle has been built with the driver in mind and the experience stays with them. Drivers are keen to experience Giulia and during a recent ride and drive event, we delivered almost the same amount of test drives than one of our key, market leading competitors with a third of the vehicles. Guests of the event were happy to wait to experience Giulia and we saw 100 per cent utilisation across the day. Stelvio had its official UK introduction at the Goodwood Festival of Speed in June and launches in the autumn. Initial feedback at the show was that the vehicle styling stands up to the benchmark set by Giulia. " FURTHER INFORMATION Call the FCA Business Centre on 0808 168 6796

All-new Jeep Compass

Fiat: fun and Individual Fiat is all about being fun, colourful, stylish and individual but it’s also great value. Fiat sports a rich Italian lifestyle heritage of dolce vita (the good life). Fiat customers have a real affinity for their cars, with the iconic Fiat 500 taking the hearts of its owners.

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# How can a fleet’s needs be met within the FCA group brands? What are the key benefits? The ‘one-stop-shop’ multi-brand solution offers real appeal to fleets, taking the hassle out of finding a fleet solution that covers the needs of the business. FCA Fleet and Business UK have dedicated teams focused on their respective areas. We have a business centre to provide advice and support for fleets of all shapes and sizes, a team focused on SME, a leasing support team, a large corporate business team, public sector specialists and a rental team. In addition we have a dedicated marketing function and a TCO specialist working every day on reducing costs for our customers. Our websites contain tools to help customers understand company car taxation with an easy process to book a test drive through our business centre or for a more bespoke demonstration programme for our bigger fleets. In addition we have an extensive dealer network across the UK with Mopar support offering approved parts and servicing. For larger fleets, we have a dedicated aftersales fleet team to keep our customers mobile. Whether it’s a private company, SME or public sector organisation, we have dedicated teams in place to bring specialism to each sector of the complex UK fleet and business market. We provide bespoke programmes built around the specific needs of those channels and customers whilst ensuring our offers are competitive and exceptional value.

What are the distinct personalities of the FCA brands?

Abarth: sporty and high performance Abarth takes the key Fiat brand attributes but injects a performance element, to create the ultimate track-going road car. The level of specialist skill that Abarth brings in creating a pure bred performance car required a specific network to deliver the exacting requirements demanded by our customers. Jeep: outdoorsy and adventurous Jeep is about freedom, the great outdoors and living every day as an adventure. The brand enables people to go anywhere and do anything. With over 75 years of history, Jeep is a lifestyle statement that our customers find a real affinity with. Alfa Romeo: emotional Alfa Romeo – la meccanica delle emozioni (the mechanics of emotion) – delivers the perfect choice for both heads and hearts. With a rich Italian history and racing heritage focused on performance and style, Alfa Romeo is the driving enthusiast’s car. Fiat Professional: reliable and hardworking Fiat’s range of small and large vans help professional drivers in their everyday lives in comfort and style. Fiat Professional vehicles are industry recognised as class leading in the wide and flexible model line-up. Fiat Professional New Talento

Jeep Grand Cherokee

Volume 105 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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A HIGH PERFORMANCE MINDSET Created from the Alfa Romeo Quadrifoglio – the pinnacle in Alfa Romeo engineering – the Alfa Romeo Giulia Tecnica version offers unparalleled comfort and outstanding specification for the Business user. The stunning Alfa Romeo Giulia Tecnica can be yours from just £31,840 (P11D) and thanks to its all-aluminium 2.2 Litre Diesel turbo engine, ownership is equally attractive. For more information, call our Business Centre free on 0808 168 7152 or email alfaromeo.fleet@alfaromeo.com

Range of official fuel consumption figures for the Alfa Giulia range: Urban 33.6 – 53.3 mpg (8.4 – 5.3 L/100km); Extra Urban 61.4 – 80.7mpg (4.6 – 3.5 L/100km); Combined 47.9 – 67.3 mpg (5.9 – 4.2 L/100km). CO2 emissions 138 – 109 g/km. Fuel consumption and CO2 figures are obtained for comparative purposes in accordance with EC directives/regulations and may not be representative of real-life driving conditions. Model shown is the Alfa Romeo Giulia 2.2 Turbo Diesel 150hp Tecnica at £32,590 OTR including metallic paint at £695.


Industry Comment ADVERTORIAL

Car benefit 800 WORD schemes EDIT HEADLINE are here toHERE stay AS TIGHT AS POSS Udae nonsend icidisquid quam elisimincim facepro et et, sed

quodi blaborum ut changes molorem eumque laboribus The government announced to theaut ationse However,nos Tusker’s research found that only treatment of car benefit which three per cent join because of tax savings, with et quoditiat doloschemes, qui de volecab orerisqui nitibusdae nullacianti came into force in April this year. Their impact 77 per cent joining the scheme because of the rest, sitiatis ut idem quodi consequat facimagnime pernatemquae however, has been minimal, both in terms of all-inclusive, hassle free package, which offers nimus earibus, tem and ipsaest moluptatium esfornet et All of these benefits are the popularity of the scheme the changes great value money. for drivers. Essentially, while the tax treatment still there and form a big part of why Tusker’s for ultra-low emission vehicles and other cars xoxoxoxo car benefit scheme remains so popular. has altered a little, this hasn’t affected their Employers and employees alike recognise the availability, their attractiveness and the benefits of the scheme as they have proven FURTHERnor INFORMATION actual financial impact has been minimal. to be hugely popular amongst employers While Tusker champion the move xxx wishing to increase staff motivation and to ULEVs and continue to highlight the engagement. Because a car is such a valuable benefits of choosing these cars, their entire benefit, employers are using them to recruit range still provides significant benefits and retain the best people. What’s more, there for drivers and organisations alike. is no cost to employers to set a scheme up. Originally it was thought that approximately For employees, it’s a brand new, half of all salary sacrifice drivers would all-inclusive, hassle-free car, for a fixed not be affected at all, as well as ultra-low monthly amount. There’s no deposit, emission vehicle drivers (those who choose credit checks or loans required, and so cars with emissions of 75g/km CO2 or it provides added peace of mind. less). The reality, following the publication Paul Gilshan, CMO of Tusker, comments: of the Finance Bill in March this year, is “With all the talk around salary sacrifice that even fewer cars are impacted. schemes it is easy to understand why some When the tax changes were announced people are confused about the changes which at the Autumn Statement in 2016, Tusker the government has announced. However, found that they had very little impact on the all of the benefits, both to drivers and to popularity of car schemes. Tusker continued their employers, remain, and have now been to see an increase in orders, with the endorsed by the government, providing company’s best ever start to a year in 2017. clarity and certainty for their future.” Salary sacrifice schemes The company puts the continued interest in salary sacrifice for cars down to the wider advantages in implementing a scheme. While the savings for those choosing an ultra-low emission vehicle are maximised, for most salary sacrifice drivers, there are still significant savings to be made. These savings can be made through NI, and where applicable, pension savings. In addition, the buying power that Tusker has as market leader, means that drivers also benefit from manufacturer discounts and very competitive corporate finance rates.

Myths answered ‘It is more expensive for employers to run salary sacrifice schemes.’ All Tusker schemes are free to implement, and there is still no financial cost to implement or run a salary sacrifice car scheme. It is true that employers will no longer save money when their employees choose certain cars on the scheme but it won’t cost employers any more than if they had opted for the cash. ‘Salary sacrifice car schemes are no longer a great benefit for employers to offer’ Cars remain a fantastic benefit of employment and Tusker has seen over fifteen new schemes launch since the tax treatment was clarified in the Autumn Statement. ‘Only ULEVs will be available from now on.’ The savings for ULEVs are greater under salary sacrifice under the new rules, but drivers can continue to choose from thousands of makes and models with varying savings depending on their own circumstances and the CO2 rating for the vehicle. Tusker continue to encourage drivers to take ULEVs and now offer over 65 models from 16 manufacturers to include BMW, Toyota, Volvo and Tesla, up from just 26 models last year. Volvo recently announced that they will

Paul Gilshan

Written by Advertisement Feature

Tusker’s car benefit scheme continues to provide employees with the opportunity to drive a brand new car which comes complete with insurance, road tax, breakdown cover, servicing and tyres. It’s a fixed monthly amount which provides peace of mind for drivers

Paul Gilshan, chief marketing officer at Tusker, is responsible for all communications, new business, data and pricing and retention. He previously had roles with ITV, The Times and Sky.

become the first major car manufacturer to go all-electric in 2019, and with the move to more sustainable technologies across multiple industries, Tusker expects more manufacturers to make similar announcements and the range of cars to continue to increase. " FURTHER INFORMATION www.tuskerdirect.com

Volume 105 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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The Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill includes plans to remove some of the barriers to electric vehicle adoption. But what should fleet operators consider before buying a plug-in vehicle? We ask our expert panelists for their EV advice as well as other ways to reduce harmful emissions

Matt Dale, consultancy services manager, ALD Automotive Matt Dale leads a team of consultants who provide ongoing support and advice to help businesses meet their fleet objectives, no matter how diverse. The team specialise in financial modelling and analysis, risk management, alternatively fuelled vehicles, smart mobility solutions and employee benefits.

David Cooper, managing director, Arnold Clark Vehicle Management With over 20 years of experience at Arnold Clark Automobiles Ltd, David’s top priorities are keeping both customers and employees happy. In the future David plans to continue investing in technology to improve customers’ digital experience throughout the group.

The Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill, included in the Queen’s Speech, sets out ways to encourage electric vehicle adoption and make it easier for EV drivers. This will be done by making sure the right infrastructure is in place, and crucially, making charge points from all different networks, easily accessible. The plans also aims to ensure that the data about the location and availability of charging stations is openly available, as well as proposed new laws to make motorway services and large fuel retailers provide EV charge points. If these proposals get passed, it will remove some of the major barriers to electric vehicle adoption. With the French government recently saying it will ban the sale of petrol and

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Rob Mills, sales operation manager, Daimler Fleet Management Rob has 30 years’ industry experience, with the last 20 being with Daimler in various management roles across both the Daimler Fleet Management & CharterWay (van & truck) divisions. He currently heads up the sales operations function covering pricing & risk management, plus consultative support to sales management.

diesel vehicles by 2040, Volvo announcing plans to only produce cars with electric capability, and the UK government due to publish its clean air plans imminently, there is a global push for greater uptake of zero or ultra low emission vehicles. Organisations that operate a fleet of vehicles may therefore be feeling the pressure to switch to battery-powered vehicles. So how can leasing and contract hire firms help those considering EV options? “It’s important that the leasing industry helps companies to understand what’s involved in taking on electric vehicles and what it means for their business and their specific drivers,” says Matt Dale from ALD Automotive. “The new Bill aims to improve EV

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

Chris Salmon, commercial director, SG Fleet UK Chris has spent the past 15 years working in senior roles within the leasing and fleet management industry. Leading sales & customer service teams have been the cornerstone of Chris’s success along with bringing new innovative solutions to the marketplace and reinventing current practices to enhance efficiency.

infrastructure in the UK, and leasing firms should also do more to include the wider implications of running an EV in the scope of their advice,” continues Matt. “This will involve examining relevant charging solutions both at home and work, such as help with implementing a home charger, while also giving companies the tools to understand various government grants that can help towards cost.” But it is also vital that fleets consider the current limitations with electric vehicles, and look carefully at their day-to-day requirements before investing in EVs – something that leasing firms can help with. Rob Mills from Daimler Fleet Management says: “It is important to remember the overriding operational

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Expert Panel: Leasing

EXPERT PANEL LEASING


Ways to be green But it is not just adopting electric vehicles that can lower the emissions of a fleet, and leasing firms can offer a range of advice on ways to operate greener. Chris Salmon from SG Fleet says: “The whole purpose of best practice fleet management

is to increase the efficiency of fleets. That ICE engines can mean less vehicles used, and better With such a big push from the government use of the remaining vehicles in terms of to encourage zero and ultra-low driving practices – reducing wear and fuel emission vehicles, are ICE-powered consumption. Measurement of fleet emissions, conventional low-emission petrol or identifying methods to reduce trips and fuel diesels getting unfairly sidelined? burn, and the development of integrated “Sales of new diesel and petrol cars mobility options that consider alternative continue to far outstrip their zero and transport are all key things to consider.” ultra-low emission equivalents, according Matt Dale from ALD Automotive agrees, to SMMT New Car Registrations from June saying: “Leasing firms can help companies 2017,” comments Matt Dale from ALD. “This reduce emissions by providing practical advice shows there’s still a strong appetite for the on implementing alternative methods of travel traditional combustion engine. However as such as public transport, the use of electric the technology advances and legislation pool cars and car sharing schemes. Guidance adapts, as we’ve seen with the introduction can also be given around flexible and home of the Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill, working or encouraging employees to travel it’s likely we’ll continue to see an increase at off-peak times that will reduce time spent in low-emission vehicles on our roads. in traffic and therefore fuel consumption.” “While there are arguments for and against Driver training is also important, says Matt: each type of vehicle, what’s clear is that “Leasing firms can recommend solutions consumers and businesses now have far more that will encourage drivers to drive smarter, choice than ever which is hugely positive.” through the provision of tips and advice Chris Salmon from SG Fleet says: “Power around idling, revving and speed control source technology will continue to evolve, right through to practical training.” even with traditional fuel types, which will Looking closely at the types of journeys done naturally result in both petrol and diesel will also help with improving the efficiency becoming more efficient. Fleet operators of a fleet, says Rob Mills from Daimler Fleet will make their own decisions, influenced by Management. He says: “Vehicle utilisation is financial factors, environmental consciousness an area to be reviewed to ensure that there are or energy market favouritism. It is not our no unnecessary or duplicate journeys taking decision to determine whether vehicles are place, this can be supported with the use of fairly or unfairly supported by government telematics.” He adds that leasing companies initiatives. Our role is to present an unbiased should be discussing the best replacement view of the factors to allow customers to cycle in order to ensure fleets have the most make an informed choice/strategy and policy.” recent and cleanest vehicles on fleet. David Cooper from Arnold Clark Matt Dale from ALD Automotive also Vehicle Management believes that “leasing companies meanwhile sees ICE vehicles should use their expertise being around for a long t I to develop products that time to come. “The mild t s u empower fleet managers to hybridisation that is not j lectric e monitor and control their Volvo suggested g n i t n a adop carbon footprint, such as in its recent plans c t tha telemetry systems that can is likely to become ehicles emissions v record driving behaviour very common e h lower t and leasing as it offers a ! and vehicle performance.”

Expert Panel: Leasing

requirements of the fleet and be able to build an EV implementation plan that can be introduced at the earliest possible opportunity, without compromising the effectiveness of the business.” “Certainly the leasing & contract hire company should be fully aware of the sectors’ developments and what the manufacturers are doing so that they can advise on potential EV providers, as well as outline the operational costs and taxation savings available to fleet operators when opting for EVs,” Rob adds. Chris Salmon from SG Fleet echoes this thought, also highlighting the importance of “unbiased consultancy on model options from various vehicle suppliers”. Advice on practical support around the vehicles themselves should also be given by leasing firms, says Matt Dale from ALD Automotive. “This includes advice on how drivers can get the best performance out of their car depending on the model type, as well as comparisons of each type – plug-in hybrid, battery electric vehicles or hybrids,” he says. Raising the current limitations that exist with electric trucks, David Cooper from Arnold Clark Vehicle Management says: “To carry a 12 tonne load, an HGV vehicle would need a 30 tonne battery. That’s just not viable. Elon Musk has suggested that Tesla are working on an electric truck, so it will be interesting to see what they come up with.” There are other issues surrounding EVs which should be understood, adds David, such as the demand mass charging will have on the grid, and the importance of using renewable energy to charge EVs if they are to be truly zero-emission.

et, of a fle s can offer firm ge of a ran e advic

Volume 105 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Expert Panel: Leasing

Expert final thoughts Matt Dale As the technology advances and legislation adapts, as we’ve seen with the introduction of the Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill, it’s likely we’ll continue to see an increase in low-emission vehicles on our roads. While there are arguments for and against each type of vehicle, what’s clear is that consumers and businesses now have far more choice than ever, which is hugely positive. David Cooper It’s important to recognise that ICE vehicles have an essential role to play in transport in the foreseeable future. That’s why a balanced, blended approach to vehicle transport is essential. The next generation of electric vehicles is only two or three years away. These vehicles will offer larger, more powerful batteries, with a range of up to 300 miles. That means that range anxiety will become a thing of the past, which will encourage more businesses and drivers to look at electric vehicles. Rob Mills Electric vehicles are an excellent and necessary development, however they are not without their limitations in the current stage of their evolution. It is important to remember the overriding operational requirements of the fleet and be able to build a plan of EVs that can be introduced at the earliest possible opportunity without compromising the effectiveness of the business. Chris Salmon The whole purpose of best practice fleet management is to increase the efficiency of fleets. That can mean less vehicles used, and better use of the remaining vehicles in terms of driving practices, reducing wear and fuel consumption. Measurement of fleet emissions, identifying methods to reduce trips and fuel-burn, and the development of integrated mobility options that consider alternative transport, are all key things to consider when greening your fleet.

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# phased approach to electrification,” David says.“Electric vehicles are not suitable for drivers in rural areas, or even drivers in major cities living in apartments.” Rob Mills from Daimler Fleet Management says: “Conventional low-emission petrol and diesels still have a vital role to play in improving the environmental impact of running a fleet. It is becoming more commonplace that customers are starting to consider the re-introduction of petrol vehicles to their fleet policy for certain groups of fleet drivers. Proactive support from fleet providers can assist the customer by providing accurate whole life cost running data for both the company and driver alike and greatly assist the decision making process.” Other alternatives While electric vehicles tend to grab the headlines, there are other alternative fuels that can help decarbonise transport, such as hydrogen and biofuels. Indeed the Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill included the requirement for a better hydrogen refuelling infrastructure. Work is already underway, with Shell unveiling its first public hydrogen refuelling station in the UK earlier this year, and plans to open two more. David Cooper from Arnold Clark views hydrogen as a promising alternative fuel, but believes that in the short-term, it will not play a major part in the fuel mix because the technology is still too young and there’s not enough infrastructure in place to make large-scale adoption a reality. Matt Dale from ALD Automotive agrees, saying that while the technology to facilitate the use of alternative fuels is available, the infrastructure is far behind. “This means drivers may struggle with fewer refuelling locations and a more restricted choice in vehicles,” Matt says. He adds that if a

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

company does want to use alternative fuels, careful examination must be done first to see how it would work in practice. This could involve “seeking out case studies where this has been done successfully before or even carrying out trials,” Matt suggests. Looking at biofuels, David Cooper from Arnold Clark Vehicle Management says: “For ICE vehicles, there is a limit to what can be achieved in making these fuels cleaner. No matter how you look at it, you are burning a fossil fuel, which has to produce emissions of some kind. But by mixing normal fuel with biofuels, emissions improvements can be achieved.” David continues: “Bio fuels such as bio-diesel and ethanol are made from plant materials such as sugar cane, corn, maize, soybean or canola. The use of biofuels is common in regions that do not have hydrocarbon resources but do have suitable agricultural conditions, e.g. Brazil. They come from a wide variety of sources and so can be produced in many regions. The big benefit they offer is that they can be used in normal ICE vehicles. Ethanol produces around 15 per cent less emissions than petrol, but some studies show that biodiesel can be more harmful than normal diesel.” SG Fleet is working closely with a number of companies developing alternative fuel sources, explains Chris Salmon. “We follow developments closely so that we can make such options available to customers once they are economically and operationally viable in a fleet context. “Depending on the fleet application, fuel may represent 10-25 per cent of whole-life costs. The effect of the fuel choice may be a small or large portion of that percentage and advantages may be affected by technology cost premiums and productivity/downtime,” adds Chris. "


tasks, from how we communicate, to how xoxoxoxo we shop and even to how we keep fit. One area where new technologies have made a significant impact is on the way we FURTHER INFORMATION travel. Services such as Uber have shaken xxxthe transport industry in recent years, up putting a world of travel options quite literally at the modern traveller’s fingertips. Now it’s become the norm for city-dwellers to expect to be able to find and book transport from their exact location, on demand. And as city centres become increasingly congested and working culture becomes more varied (e.g. 24 hour working, flexible working, virtual offices), commuters are looking to travel solutions that can flex to their individual requirements as they change from day to day. As a result, many tech innovations in this area seem to be facilitating a shift away from a traditional asset ownership model, towards a more service based approach to travel.

Apps and vehicle technology Apps such as Liftshare allow individuals to share journeys with other travellers going in the same direction. While services such as Co-wheels, Zipcar and localised city bicycle sharing schemes mean drivers can hire a car or bike in their area from a smartphone on a pay-as-you-go basis for as long as they need it. Meanwhile, major advancements in vehicle technology looks set to change the way we travel. Latest figures from the BVRLA show that the number of Alternatively Fuelled Vehicles (AFVs) on Britain’s roads is

thought to be on UK roads within the next seven years, no longer confined to science fiction films. Indeed, suggestions have already been made that children born today may never need to take a driving test. With the government’s pledge to put £109m funding into driverless and low carbon projects this year, these sorts of claims may not be as outlandish as they first seem.

Speculation While we can make speculations as to what the future holds for the fleets of tomorrow, what is clear is that companies’ options are broadening when it comes to business travel. It’s probable that we’ll see services such as car sharing and end-to-end journey planning integrate further into the business sector. The increase in choice could give fleet managers the opportunity to create more tailored travel solutions for their drivers that meet the needs of the business & individual more effectively. For example, in 5-10 years’ time we could see fleets operating a small number of electric pool vehicles that are shared amongst employees as and when they need to travel for business. Or perhaps a fleet won’t manage any vehicles at all, but will instead use car sharing schemes for all business requirements. Looking further ahead, autonomous vehicles may one day become a standard policy for many fleets, allowing businesses to manage driver safety more effectively.

them build fleet policies that are in tune with their objectives now and in future. This may mean exploring solutions beyond the realms of the traditional fleet model as they now understand it. To help facilitate this we run regular in-house trials to test innovations in mobility within our own business so that we can recommend solutions based on first-hand experience. In our latest trial, ALD UK company car drivers have been assigned Plug-in Hybrids (PHEVs) so that we can monitor and assess the performance of these ultra-low emission vehicles within a typical business fleet regardless of annual mileage. Our next trial will see us explore mobility beyond the company car, by encouraging employees travelling to offices in the UK to take the train and use an ALD electric pool car parked at a nearby train station for the remainder of their journey. We’ll be assessing the benefits of a reduction in driving time; a share of train travel time becomes working time, so that commuting becomes part of the working day which also adds flexibility on arrival time at the office. We’ll be examining the advantages of shared travel, where employees can benefit from travelling together and sharing the electric vehicle for the final leg of the journey, reducing both congestion and C02 emissions. We’ll also be looking at how taking the train discourages employees from using their own cars, removing typical issues associated ‘grey fleet’ vehicles such as legal and duty of care considerations. Lastly we’ll be examining the benefits of reduced expense claims. Employees can book their train tickets centrally and charge the electric pool car at the office, meaning less time and resource is spent reclaiming mileage expenses. Whatever your business need, fleet objectives or driver appetite, our Consultancy team can work with you to define the future of your fleet. "

Written by Matt Dale, consultancy services manager, ALD Automotive UK

From mobile apps to driverless cars: twenty years ago it would have been difficult to predict Udae nonsend icidisquid quam elisimincim facepro et et, sed just how much the advancement of technology would shape the way we live in 2017 quodi blaborum ut molorem aut ationse nos eumque laboribus et quoditiat dolo qui de volecab orerisqui nitibusdae nullacianti trials The growth of the internet and advances in up 46.7 per cent since May last year, bringing rest, sitiatis ut idem quodi consequat facimagnime pernatemquae In-house ALD is empowering businesses to consider mobile app technology have heavily influenced the total number of AFVs registered in 2017 nimus earibus, temmanage ipsaest net et mobility in the broadest sense to help the way we approach and daily moluptatium to 50,000.es And Autonomous vehicles are

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FURTHER INFORMATION For more information about our services please call 03700 011 181 or email ukinfo@aldautomotive.com

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GreenFleet Leeds Written by Andrea Pluck

GreenFleet Leeds With Leeds being one of the five cities required to roll out a Clean Air Zone, GreenFleet hosted an event alongside Leeds City Council on 13 July to share knowledge with local fleet managers on how they can lower emissions, as well as listen to the city council’s ambition to improving air quality in the area

Leeds is one of five cities which was chosen to implement a Clean Air Zone (CAZ) in 2019 because of high levels of air pollution in the area. This requires the most polluting vehicles, such as HGVs, buses and taxis, to pay a penalty charge when operating in the zone. Following this, Leeds has since been introducing a number of measures and projects in order to cut down on harmful emissions in the city and monitor its air quality. So far, Leeds City Council has switched 70 of its fleet vehicles to zero or ultra-low emission vehicles; extended its free parking to owners of low emission vehicles at all council run car parks, and created over 300 additional car parking spaces at the Elland Road Park and Ride to ease city congestion. Additionally, the council is currently planning the creation of an alternative fuel station, which would allow them to convert 190 fleet vans to Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), including 70 refuse collection trucks. In support of Clean Air Leeds, GreenFleet

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hosted an event at Leeds’ Elland Road Stadium on 13 July, alongside Civic Enterprise Leeds – part of Leeds City Council – where fleet managers were able to learn from electric and gas vehicle experts and test drive the latest zero and ultra-low emission vehicles provided by a selection of manufacturers. Sponsored by fleet management company LeasePlan, the event opened with an address from motoring journalist and TV presenter Quentin Willson – an EV enthusiast who also campaigns to encourage the

uptake of low emission vehicles. Delegates later listened to presentations from Iveco, Stratstone Leeds BMW/Mini, Nissan and Toyota amongst others. Presentations Councillor Lucinda Yeadon, who has been the Labour councillor for Kirkstall ward since 2007 and is currently deputy leader of Leeds City Council, outlined the ways in which the council is trying to help improve air quality. She said that the council recognises it has a “responsibility” to clean up poor air quality and that one of the biggest challenges with air pollution is that “you can’t actually see it”. She went on to say that the council is currently working on its own fleet, and is trying to increase the number of electric and low emission vehicles that they have in the next 18 months.

leet GreenF an hosted eeds’ tL event a d Stadium oa Elland Ruly, alongside on 13 J Enterprise Civic art of the p Leeds – Council City

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Presents

LEEDS SHOWCASING CLEAN VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY FOR LEEDS

Cllr Yeadon explained that the council has developed its own brand around clean air – Clean Air Leeds – and that encouraging people to make small changes to assist in the fight against poor air quality cannot be done by “demonising diesel drivers”. She also made reference to Leeds’ Air Quality Action Plan (AQAP), which features measures such as new park and ride facilities and working with schools to encourage the younger generation to travel by greener modes of transport. Cllr Yeadon concluded that plans for a Clean Air Zone (CAZ) should be published next year, which could be delivered in 2019 and potentially operational by 2020. Changing landscape LeasePlan’s head of commercial vehicles, Mark Lovett, also took to the podium to discuss how leasing companies will have to change how they operate to meet the changing landscape following the rise in electric vehicle usage. Lovett stated that autonomous vehicles are “the way of the future” and that fleet managers must be aware that some vehicles may become “obsolete”. Others that took to the stage include Baden Gowrie-Smith from CNG Fuels, and Alex Philpott from the government’s Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV). Gowrie-Smith shared details on the alternative fuel CNG, while Philpott shared the government’s electric vehicle ambitions.

One-to-one advice After the presentations, delegates were divided into groups where they were able to speak with exhibitors and test-drive the latest electric and gas-powered vehicles to better understand how they work and the practicality of this type of vehicle when incorporated into a fleet. ITM Power was on hand to talk about hydrogen and air pollution, as well as eVolt who answered questions about electric vehicle charging and supplying needs. The Phoenix Works also attended to share their advice on electric vehicle charging, in addition to ElectrAssure – an electrical service specialist. Northgate Vehicle Hire also set up stand to talk to delegates about commercial vehicle hiring and answer any questions about the most suitable vehicles to use. Quentin Willson hosted a roundtable discussion, alongside representatives for Clean Air Leeds, to address any questions that people had regarding the practicalities of operating an electric vehicle within a fleet and which type of vehicle would be best suited for different needs. Test drives A range of electric vehicles were available for test drive, and were kept fully charged throughout the day thanks to Elmtronics, who supplied the electric charge points for the day. The Toyota Mirai was a popular choice, powered by ITM Power. It is a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle which allows for long distance zero-emission driving. In addition to this, Stratstone Leeds BMW/ Mini had Mini’s first plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, the Cooper S E Countryman PHEV for delegates to take a look at. It has an electric range of up to 31 miles in order to meet the demand of longer trips. It can easily be charged at home using a plug-in socket. Iveco brought along three vehicles for delegates to take out on the test route. One was the Daily Electric 35E – an all-electric truck which can carry up to 5.6 tonnes of gross vehicle weight. Another vehicle was the Stralis NP truck, designed for long haulage. It has a range of around 900 miles and can travel from Madrid to Frankfurt without the need to refuel. Nissan’s e-NV200 electric van was also available on the day in addition to the Nissan Leaf. The Leaf now has a claimed range of 155 miles – an increase of 25 per cent compared to its previous model. Other vehicles the BMW 330e and i3, a Renault Kangoo Z.E. with a hydrogen fuel range extender and Iveco’s Stralis NP truck. ! FURTHER INFORMATION

GreenFleet comes to Dundee on 17 August

GreenFleet Leeds

TV presenter and journalist Quentin Willson hosted a roundtable discussion

The city of Dundee has been declared an Air Quality Management Area (AQMA) as a result of high levels of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulate matter (PM10) being found in the city. Following this, Dundee City Council has put in place an Air Quality Action Plan (AQAP) which aims to improve the air quality in the areas of concern. A number of measures include exploring the provision of Park and Ride facilities, developing cycling strategies, installing EV charging facilities in car parks and developing a fleet management plan to improve fuel efficiency. In addition to this, Dundee City Council has implemented ECO STARS Dundee. It is a free environmental recognition scheme which rates individual vehicles and overall fleet operations on their levels of environmental performance. The scheme has been set up to help fleet operators improve efficiency, reduce fuel consumption and emissions. In light of this, GreenFleet is coming to the Caird Hall in Dundee on 17 August, to stage an event in association with Dundee City Council. It will allow fleet and transport managers from the area to hear the latest on lowering emissions in the city, as well as details on ultra-low emission car, van and charging grants. Motoring journalist and low carbon vehicle specialist John Curtis will be hosting the event and will also be leading a roundtable discussion with Dundee City Council. Industry experts will present keynote presentations on the day including LeasePlan’s Judith Eadie. Dundee City Council will also take to the podium to shed light on how the city is helping to reduce harmful emissions. A Q&A session will be held to give people the chance to understand more about electric vehicles and the drive to lower emissions and air pollution. Throughout the day, delegates will get the chance to test drive the latest electric and ultra-low emission vehicles such as BMW’s electric i3 and LDV’s electric van, the EV80.

E-mail lauren.mathews@ psigroupltd.co.uk or visit events.greenfleet.net/gf-dundee to book your free place.

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Comment Advertisement Feature

A collection to be proud of

About the author

FCA’s Francis Bleasdale shares how the new Alfa Giulia and Fiat Tipo are driving volumes through fleet channels and how the group has invested significantly in its fleet support services and tools 2017 has been a very busy year, with the first full year of Alfa Giulia and Fiat Tipo driving volumes through the fleet channels and the preparation taking place for Alfa Romeo Stelvio and new Jeep Compass. The popularity of FCA Fleet and Business has grown dramatically over the last few years, culminating with the win of two major industry awards in 2017 as most improved fleet manufacturer of the year. FCA offers a complete multi-brand fleet package; a ‘one-stop-shop’ offering everything from stylish city cars in the Fiat 500 to beautiful executive saloon cars in the Alfa Romeo Giulia, through to the tough and capable off-road vehicles throughout the Jeep range. What’s more, FCA offers a full commercial vehicle line up through Fiat Professional, all backed by the Mopar branded after sales service network. Each brand has an individual personality built from a rich and iconic history making FCA a portfolio to be proud of. Serving fleets Significant progress in improvements in total costs of ownership, a restructured head office and network team and a depth of product range have made the group very attractive to fleets of all varieties. This is now being bourne out as FCA group brands appear on many more fleet policies with customers able to see the value of a multi-brand solution. With imminent exciting new models to the range including Alfa Romeo Stelvio expected in the Autumn and Jeep Compass later in the year, the momentum will continue. FCA Fleet and Business is our core umbrella brand communicating that we are serious about business and supporting our customers, no matter the size. We are not just a bolt-on to each brand but a philosophy designed to bring all of the brands together.

The distinct characters from FCA Fiat is all about fun, colour, style and being individual but it’s also great value. Fiat sports a rich Italian lifestyle heritage. Jeep is about freedom, the great outdoors and living every day as an adventure. It allows you to go anywhere, do anything. With over 75 years of history, Alfa Romeo delivers the perfect choice for both heads and hearts. With a rich Italian history and racing heritage focused on performance and style, Alfa Romeo is the driving enthusiasts car. The new Giulia arrived earlier this year setting a new standard that has been exceptionally well received by both the industry experts and ordinary drivers alike. Fiat Professional meanwhile offers a wide and flexible model line-up of commercial vehicles to meet the demands of any business This ‘one-stop-shop’ multi brand solution is a real appeal to fleets, taking the hassle out of finding vehicle solutions that cover the needs of the business. Advice and support FCA Fleet and Business UK have dedicated teams focused on their respective areas. We have a business centre to provide advice and support for fleets of all shapes and sizes, a team focused on SME, a leasing support team, a large corporate business team, public sector specialists and a rental team. In addition we have a dedicated marketing function and a TCO specialist working every day on reducing costs for our customers. Our websites contain tools to help our customers understand company car taxation with an easy to use tax calculator. We also provide a number of pages to help demystify the increasingly complex impact of tax changes. There is the ability to access live driving data of the fleet in eco:Drive.

Francis Bleasdale is the fleet and remarketing director at Fiat Chrysler Automobiles UK. He is an experienced senior automotive marketing and sales management professional with a proven track record within automotive corporate and B2B sales environments. Appointed in 2014 for the then newly-created role of fleet and used car director, Francis has brought with him considerable fleet experience in both cars and vans, having held senior positions in both disciplines at Nissan prior to a position at Impetus Automotive. In addition we have an extensive dealer network across the UK with Mopar support offering approved parts and servicing. For larger fleets, we have a dedicated aftersales fleet team to keep our customers mobile. We want our customers to experience our range for themselves so for SME and larger fleets, we run a comprehensive test drive programme where we will deliver vehicles to our customers for enough time for them to properly become familiar with them and to assess fully to ensure our vehicles deliver according to our customers needs. Of particular excitement for us will be the UK arrival of Stelvio later in the Autumn and Compass at the end of the year. We already sport a fantastic SUV line up with 500X and our Jeep range, but Compass will plug the gap between Renegade and Cherokee and Stelvio will set a new driving standard for SUVs. We truly believe that our range of vehicles is one of the most exciting and varied in the UK and the progress we have made in the fleet sector has been unprecedented. It is important however, that we don’t rest on our laurels and our mission will be to build upon the success we have achieved to raise awareness of the incredible offerings of product and service across customer that have traditionally only considered German brands. ! FURTHER INFORMATION Call the FCA Business Centre on 0808 168 6796

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www.greenfleet.net

ISSUE 105

SUV FOCUS Featuring the rise of the SUV, forthcoming SUVs to look out for, and road test special BMW X5 xDrive40e iPerformance Jeep Renegade Limited MultiJet II 120 Lexus RX 450h Luxury Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV Peugeot 3008 GT-Line BlueHDi 120 SEAT Ateca SE 1.0 TSI Ecomotive Toyota C-HR Hybrid


SUVs Written by Ajay M Natteri, research analyst at Frost & Sullivan for automotive and transportation

The rise of SUVs in Europe A few years ago, SUVs were unpopular due to their high fuel consumption, heavier bodies and larger displacement engines. But with the introduction of small SUVs and crossovers, modern SUVs are more agile and efficient, causing their popularity to surge. Ajay Natteri from Frost & Sullivan reports on this trend

The European automotive market is predominantly populated with small and compact hatchbacks such as the Volkswagen Golf, primarily due to small narrow roads and high fuel prices. However, in the last five years, contrary to industry expectations, sport utility vehicle (SUV) sales have skyrocketed across Europe, within EU15, EU11 and EFTA countries. Recent growth in SUV sales SUVs have become available across multiple segments: sub-compact, compact, mid-size and large, in both premium and non-premium brands. The market size of the SUV segment has increased from 15.3 per cent in 2012 to 25.6 per cent in 2016 across Europe. Non-premium brands contribute to over 72 per cent of the overall SUV sales. Small, compact and mid-size SUV segments

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The all-electric Jaguar I-Pace is expected around 2020

contribute to over 71 per cent of the total SUV sales and 18 per cent of all vehicles sold in Europe. For example, the Nissan Qashqai, a non-premium compact vehicle has been the best-selling SUV in Europe since 2012 with over 200,000 vehicles being sold each year. Closely following Qashqai is the Renault Captur, also a non-premium small SUV which has been extremely successful amongst European customers since its launch in 2013. Selling over 215,000 units in 2016, Captur has the second largest market share among SUVs in Europe at 5.5 per cent, trailing Qashqai by 0.52 percentage points. Driving forces behind SUV sales Customers are drawn towards compact SUVs as they offer an optimum mix of extra cabin space with compact overall

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size that allows for easy parking and driving, even on narrow roads. A recent study by Ford concluded that in addition to this, millennials and young mothers prefer SUVs for the raised and perceived comfortable driving position. They are also perceived as safer vehicles to travel due to the increased height and size, thereby making them popular choices for families. The rugged design of some SUVs is also one of the key reasons why they appeal to customers, especially millennials. With regards to prices of these vehicles, the gap between a small SUV and its related hatchback is getting narrower. For example, the Dynamique Nav S variant of the Renault Captur SUV is priced at ÂŁ17,995 in the UK. This is only ÂŁ1,440 more than the Dynamique Nav S variant of the Renault Clio that it is based on.


SUVs

For this additional £1,440, the Captur offers higher ground clearance, taller seating position, and spacious and practical cabin. Furthermore, easy financing options and availability of several models across a wide price and size range is expected to boost sales. Fuel efficiency and reliability A major reason why SUVs were unpopular before was due to their high fuel consumption, heavier bodies and larger displacement engines. However, almost all small SUVs and crossovers share powertrain systems with their sedan or hatchback counterparts. Newly developed smaller engines with turbochargers are also being offered on SUVs thereby increasing their fuel economy and making SUVs desirable. The effect of competition is expected to reflect in the increase of technology, comfort features and price of SUVs. Even though OEMs have brought in more compact SUVs into their fleets, they are still equipping them with four and all-wheel drive systems to allow for off-road capability. The modern versions of these systems are all electronically controlled and are able to perform reliably and efficiently in a variety of conditions. Brands are also offering longer warranty periods, like KIA’s seven-year or 100,000 mile warranty to ensure peace-of-mind for customers.

The Renault Captur is the second biggest-selling SUV in Europe, selling 215,000 units in 2016

An electric version of BMW’s X3 will be a baby brother to the X5 xDrive40e

Choice of SUVs The demand for sub-compact and compact SUVs has translated into multiple model options being made available in these segments. There are over 60 non-premium SUV In the rs, Audi has experimented with both models in the European all-electric and hydrogen-powered SUVs a e y e market, including eight v fi last new cars that were industry o t y r a r based on hatchbacks introduced in 2016. cont ions, is a popular product Five new premium xpectat vehicle e strategy. Modular SUVs were added y it il platforms also offer to the existing 39 sport ut s have OEMs the flexibility models in that segment. sale s s d acro e t to introduce multiple Twenty-one out of e k c o skyr urope SUVs based on one the 60 non-premium E platform. Marquees under SUV models fall under each OEM are likely to offer the sub-compact segment, the same size vehicle differing while the 28 of the remaining on only features and price to cater to fall under the compact segment. different customers. By 2022, five million SUVs Vehicles in niche segments, for are expected to be sold in Europe, posing a example between the compact and threat to segments such as MPVs and sedans. mid-size SUV segment, are expected to Frost & Sullivan predicts that the SUV market debut by 2020. Audi will have a Q4, will grow at a compound annual growth rate roughly 179.0 inches in length to be of 5.1 per cent between 2017 and 2023. positioned between Q3 (172.8 inches) To promote fully-electric vehicles, and Q5 (182.6 inches). governments offer huge discounts over Overall, the SUV options currently available internal combustion engine (ICE)-powered cover a vast price band from about €9,500 counterparts. In recent times, countries to over €160,000. This varied choice in such as the Netherlands have ended prices and models offer several options for tax breaks for hybrid company cars shifting customers with varied purchasing powers. focus to pure electric vehicles. European nations are intent on promoting 100 per Growth of SUVs in Europe cent electric vehicle mobility by 2025. OEMs are working towards capitalising on the This, coupled with the popularity of SUVs, growing demand of SUVs in the region. With creates a fertile environment for e-SUVs. over 10 new name-plate models and model Volvo’s recent announcement of stopping refresh expected by 2018, the SUV market is petrol and diesel-only models is an expected to become more competitive. indication that customers want to purchase Introduction of small and compact SUVs

As SUVs clean up their act, Volvo’s recent announcement to electrify every model in its range looks well-timed

mild hybrids, plug-in and fully electric variants of existing models. Furthermore, around seven battery electric SUVs are expected by 2020, including Jaguar I-Pace, Audi Q7 e-tron and BMW X3 electric. Conclusion The combination of practicality, reliability, driving comfort and affordability that modern SUVs offer has been the secret to their recent success. The sheer number of SUV options available in terms of both size and price has garnered interest among all customers’ segments including business fleets. Some businesses use vehicles as a “working tool”; for example, roadside assistance services choose SUVs as they offer good fuel economy, the extra space to carry equipment and off-road capabilities to traverse varied road conditions. Customers who lease vehicle from their company prefer SUVs as they serve dual purpose, serving as both a daily office driver, but can also accommodate family members for weekend trips as well. Overall, with several new SUV models expected to be introduced by 2020, including electric and hybrid electric SUVs, the future for these vehicles in Europe look extremely promising. ! FURTHER INFORMATION www.frost.com

Volume 105 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Forthcoming SUVs

Charge of the crossover brigade: forthcoming SUVs

Writtern by Richard Gooding

Family and fleet-friendly with increasing style and practicality: unlike the cars themselves, the all-conquering SUV sector shows no sign of getting smaller. Here are ten forthcoming SUVs to watch

Jaguar e-Pace – medium SUV The E-Pace is Jaguar’s second SUV after the larger and well-received F-Pace went on sale in 2016. Like its bigger brother, the new E-Pace offers seating for five, and ‘sports car design and dynamics’, according to the British firm. The E-Pace also follows in the wheel tracks of the i-Pace all-electric SUV, which is yet to go on sale. Unlike that car, the E-Pace is powered by the latest ‘Ingenium’ diesel and petrol engines, with power outputs ranging from 148 to 297bhp, and CO2 emissions from 124 to 181g/km. Front-wheel drive versions of the new baby Jaguar SUV which wear 17-inch wheels and are fitted with the 148bhp diesel engine have a claimed economy figure of 60.1mpg. All-wheel drive versions are also available, as are six-speed manual and nine-speed automatic gearboxes. All engines are EU6 compliant, while AdBlue systems also feature on diesel models. Order books are open now, and prices start at £28,500.

Volvo XC60 – medium SUV The Volvo XC60 builds on the style and desirability offered by its larger XC90 sibling, and replaces the first-generation XC60 which has been on sale for nine years and accounts for around 30 per cent of Volvo’s global sales. at the top of the XC60 tree is the award-winning T8 Twin Engine plug-in hybrid powertrain, also seen in the XC90. With 407bhp, acceleration from 0-62mph takes just 5.3 seconds. The Swedish company’s 190bhp D4 diesel engine will also feature in the new XC6 range, as will the 235bhp D5 with ‘PowerPulse’ technology. The petrol-powered T5 will deliver 254bhp, while the T6 with both turbo and superchargers is capable of 320bhp, but won’t be sold in the UK.

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SEAT Arona – small SUV The SEAT Arona is the second SUV in the Spanish company’s portfolio. Launched after the sales success of the larger Ateca, the Arona is SEAT’s answer to the Citroën C3 Aircross, the Hyundai Kona and the Kia Stonic. Based on the same ‘MQB A0’ platform as the new Ibiza, the Arona takes the style of the Ateca and shrinks it down to a smaller package. It’s no less practical, though, with 400 litres of luggage space and seating for five. Just like the Ateca and upcoming Škoda Karoq, the Arona features efficient petrol TSI and diesel TDI engines, including a three-cylinder 1.0-litre model with 93bhp, as well as a more powerful 113bhp version. A 1.5-litre engine with cylinder deactivation also features, as do a pair of 1.6 diesels. SEAT’s ‘Drive Profile’ system offers ‘Normal’, ‘Sport’, ‘Eco’ and ‘Individual’ settings, while the latest on-board technology includes smartphone mirroring and LED interior and exterior lighting.

Hyundai Kona – small SUV The Hyundai Kona is ‘a true SUV with four-wheel drive, and the latest powertrains’, claims the South Korean company. New-generation diesel technology and turbocharged petrol engines feature in the small SUV’s range. Slotting in below the established Tucson and Santa Fe, the small car-sized Kona may be the smallest of the three, but is certainly the most distinctive. The Kona has a two-tone roof, something which is fast becoming a ‘must-have’ feature in the sector, while a choice of 10 exterior colours offer a wealth of individual combinations. Twin-stack headlamps and plastic body cladding are also arresting visual features. Inside, an optional eight-inch infotainment system offers Apple CarPlay and Android Auto. Hyundai has sold more than 1.4 million SUVs in Europe since the introduction of the Santa Fe in 2001, and it hopes the Kona will add to that impressive tally.


Vauxhall Grandland X – large SUV The 4,477mm-long Vauxhall Grandland X takes it place alongside the Mokka X and recently-introduced Crossland X and completes the British car manufacturer’s range of SUVs. The largest of the trio, the Grandland X will go on sale in early 2018, after a debut at the Frankfurt motor show in September. Vauxhall claims generous cabin and luggage space (512 litres) for five people, while Grip Control enhances traction on rough surfaces. Safety technologies including automatic emergency braking, pedestrian detection and drowsiness alert systems, as well as adaptive LED headlamps will also feature. An optional two-tone finish, with the roof in contrasting black, will add an extra touch of personalisation.

Forthcoming SUVs

Volkswagen T-Roc – medium SUV Based on the Volkswagen Golf, the T-Roc will share styling cues with the latest sixth-generation Polo and new Tiguan. Expected to debut at the Frankfurt motor show in September, the new car will take on established rivals such as the SEAT Ateca and the recently refreshed Nissan Qashqai. As well as brighter and funkier interior styling than current Volkswagen models, the T-Roc will add more flair to the SUV sector. A raft of petrol and diesel engines will power the new German arrival, with a small-capacity turbocharged petrol engine expected to provide an economical highlight, as it does in its Spanish SEAT cousin. A 1.5-litre engine with cylinder deactivation is also expected to star, while a brace of more traditional diesel units will also feature. DSG semi-automatic gearboxes will also be offered as well as four-wheel drive on larger-engined models. Nissan Qashqai – medium SUV The Nissan Qashqai established a new crossover SUV sector when it was launched in 2006. Updated for 2017 with lightly refreshed styling featuring Nissan’s new ‘V-Motion’ front grille, the latest version of the Japanese crossover has higher-quality interior fittings and new ‘monoform’ seats for added comfort. Emissions start at a fleet-friendly 99g/km for the dCi 110 diesel-engined version, which also has a combined cycle fuel consumption of 74.3mpg. A higher output 127bhp diesel engine and a pair of petrol models with 113 and 160bhp complete the range. On sale now, prices start at £19,295.

Škoda Karoq – medium SUV A replacement for the much-loved and slightly oddball Yeti, the new Škoda Karoq shares many similar features to the SEAT Ateca launched in 2016. Sitting under the larger Kodiaq in Škoda’s SUV range, the Karoq features two petrol and three diesel models, ranging in power from 113 to 187bhp. All the engines feature direct injection, as well as stop-start and brake energy recovery technology. The top-line and lowest-emission 2.0 TDI comes as standard with four-wheel drive, a 7-speed DSG semi-automatic gearbox and 115g/km, while the 1.5-litre TSI petrol engine has cylinder deactivation technology. A new digital instrument display is offered for the first time, while the Karoq will go on sale in the second half of 2017. More SUVs will follow.

Citroën C3 Aircross – small SUV French carmaker Citroën says that the new C3 Aircross compact SUV has a ‘fresh and assertive’ personality. While we can’t vouch for that, it does have the funky new style embodied by the company on the award-winning C4 Cactus and C3 supermini and an array of driver assistance systems to ensure it can tackle the rough stuff. Grip Control®, Hill Descent Assist, a colour head-up display and smartphone wireless charging are among the technological highlights, while personalisation is strong, too, with up to 90 exterior colour combinations. PureTech petrol and BlueHDI diesel engines power the French newcomer which goes on sale in the UK on 1 November.

Kia Stonic – small SUV South Korean carmaker Kia claims that the ‘B-SUV’ segment for supermini-sized crossovers currently accounts for 1.1 million new car sales in Europe each year – around seven per cent of the market – and is forecast to expand to more than two million annual sales by 2020. To capture some of those sales, it has launched the new Stonic crossover. Like the Citroën C3 Aircross, personalisation is key: the car’s ‘targa’-style roof features a two-tone paint finish, while the Stonic will be available with up to 20 two-tone colour combinations – and five distinctive colours for the roof. On sale in Q3 2017, a range of lightweight turbocharged petrol and diesel engines power the Stonic, each paired with a manual transmission. A 1.0-litre T-GDI 117bhp engine starts the range, while a 1.6-litre diesel unit will offer the lowest emissions and highest efficiency.

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ALL-NEW

PEUGEOT 3008 SUV

CAR OF THE YEAR 2017

UP TO 70.6 MPG*

CO2 FROM 103 g/km*

BIK FROM 22%*

FIND OUT MORE AT BUSINESS.PEUGEOT.CO.UK OR CALL THE PEUGEOT FLEET LINE ON 0800 285 1705**

ALL-NEW PEUGEOT 3008 SUV

EXPERIENCE

Official Fuel Consumption in MPG (l/100km) and CO 2 emissions (g/km) for the all-new PEUGEOT 3008 SUV Range are: Urban 37.2 - 67.3 (7.6-4.2), Extra Urban 55.4 - 80.7 (5.1-3.5), Combined 47.1 - 70.6 (6.0-4.0) and CO 2 136-103 (g/km). MPG figures are achieved under official

EU test conditions, intended as a guide for comparative purposes only, and may not reflect actual on the road driving conditions. Model shown is all-new PEUGEOT 3008 SUV GT Line 1.2L PureTech 130 S&S 6-speed manual with optional aluminium longitudinal roof bars (£120) and optional Sunset Copper metallic paint (£525). *MPG,CO 2 and BIK figures quoted are for the all-new PEUGEOT 3008 SUV 1.6L BlueHDi 100 S&S 5-speed manual. BIK for 2017-2018 tax year at 20% tax rate. Information correct at time of going to print. **Calls to 0800 numbers are free of charge from all consumer landlines and mobile phones. If you are calling from a business phone, you should check with your provider whether there will be a charge for calling an 0800 number.


Road Test

ROAD TEST

Peugeot 3008 GT-Line BlueHDi 120

Written by Richard Gooding

cruiser on the motorway. The company’s much-vaunted ‘i-Cockpit’ layout with a smaller steering wheel and instruments presented higher works well, and you soon get used to the slightly odd wheel-instrument relationship. It soon Engine of the Year Awards becomes second nature and Fitted 1.0-litre to 1.4-litre category doesn’t feel uncomfortable. for the second year The small steering wheel with th running, it’s the BlueHDi makes the car feel e BlueHD EU6-compatible diesel more agile and nimble i 1 diesel e 20 engine on test here. than perhaps an SUV In the 3008 range, has a right to, and the the Peu ngine, geot 30 the BlueHDi 120 is steering itself has some 08 GT-Line the mid-range engine weight to it and isn’t which features the too light, which means emissio has ns of fuel-efficient diesel you can place the car 104g/k technology, smaller accurately. For an SUV, the m 100bhp and larger 3008 handles well, out of 150bhp variants below and town and in it, too, with only above it in the 3008 line-up. more severe undulations and road With 221lb ft/300Nm of torque produced imperfections throwing it off course. from 1,750rpm, the 3008 GT-Line BlueHDi Going back to the looks, the 3008 looks 120 gets to 62mph from rest in 11.2 seconds, undoubtedly smart and modern and many and goes on to a maximum speed of people who were introduced to the car didn’t 117mph. It feels spritely, too, and its 1,300kg think it looked obviously like a Peugeot. weight belies its chunky appearance. It Sharing many design cues with its smaller pulls well though its six-speed manual 2008 sibling – the 3008 is based on the gearbox which is precise and easy to use, Volkswagen Golf-sized 308, the 2008 is though when at slow speeds you have based on the 208 supermini – the 3008 to drop down to first gear to get a clean GT-Line features silver-finished roof rails, getaway, otherwise the car stalls. That’s 18-inch ‘Detroit’ two-tone diamond-cut alloy a common issue on many new diesel cars, wheels, and satin copper ‘GT-Line’ emblem. though, and isn’t isolated to the 3008. Nice design touches include where the roof As befits its premium aspirations, the rails meet rear pillar and the gentle sculpting mid-size Peugeot SUV is a comfortable of the doors and bonnet. "

Peugeot has re-invented its people-carrying 3008 model, turning it from MPV to SUV. More stylish than before and with more upmarket aspirations, how does it face up to its new competition? What is it? Arriving on the UK market in January this year, the Peugeot 3008 is one of the newest SUVs to be launched. Carrying the name of its predecessor, that’s about the only two things the cars have in common. The first-generation Peugeot 3008 was more of an MPV rather than an SUV, so the French company has radically re-invented its mid-size people-carrying offering and taken advantage of the growing SUV sector with the new car. Gone are the ungainly looks of the original 3008, replaced with a much more interesting shape, with more than a handful of daring design details. While the shape is familiar to SUV drivers, the new 3008 is one of the most radical Peugeots of recent times, and also puts in a bid to be one of the most prestigious, too, thanks to its more premium pricing structure. The car has also won critical praise, being crowned the European Car of the Year 2017, an award decided by the 58 members of the European motoring press from 22 countries. How does it drive? The Peugeot 3008 is powered by a range of PSA Group latest-generation PureTech petrol and BlueHDi diesel engines. While the turbocharged 1.2-litre three-cylinder PureTech unit has won the International

Volume 105 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Road Test

Peugeot 3008 GT-Line BlueHDi 120 ENGINE:

Peugeot has re-invigorated its 3008 with a greater dose of style this time around

1,560cc, four-cylinder turbodiesel

CO2:

104g/km

NOx:

36mg/km

MPG (combined):

70.6

GF MPG (combined):

51.9

VED:

£140 first-year, £140 thereafter

BIK: PRICE (OTR):

22% £28,205 (inc VAT, £29,720 as tested)

# The interior of the 3008 is where the car plays its quality card. Sumptuous, with a nice mix of ‘Brumeo’ fabric on the door panels and dashboard, blue mood lighting in the roof and doors adds even more of a premium feel. The sports seats are comfortable, and there is plenty of room in the back, too, while the 591-litre boot is colossal for the 3008’s size. The ‘i-Cockpit’ also extends to the centre console which sweeps around the driver and houses alloy-effect toggle switches for the functions on the 8.0-inch colour touchscreen infotainment system. Similar to those on the DS 5, the piano key-like buttons really look and feel the part and are a surprising feature. The actual touchscreen system is the same as in other modern PSA Group cars and works in the same way. It doesn’t have the most logical menu, but the display is better than some of its rivals and doesn’t look dated either. We do worry about the heater controls being all on-board the touchscreen system though, and would prefer them to be more readily accessible for ease of use. The 12.3-inch head-up 100 per cent digital instrument display is impressively easy to use. Very crisp and clear, it wows with its changeable and configurable displays. ‘Dials’, ‘Navigation’, ‘Driving’ or ‘Personal’ modes can be chosen, and relay appropriate information back depending on which mode is selected.

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‘Piano key’ toggle switches have a quality look and feel

New 3008’s interior is a premium-feeling place to be

How economical is it? Peugeot claims that the latest generation BlueHDi engines ‘deliver a driving experience rich in power and performance but with exceptional fuel economy and CO2 emissions’. The official claimed combined cycle fuel economy figure of 70.6mpg. Over our longer than usual 492-mile test, we achieved an average of 51.9mpg. All BlueHDi engines feature Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) and Particle Filtration processes, and Peugeot states that a three-stage cleansing process targets pollutants, removing hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide, reducing nitrogen oxides by up to 90 per cent and eliminating 99.9 per cent of particulates. All Peugeot 3008s have Stop & Start technology which cuts the engine when the car is at a standstill.

the £23,525 Active BlueHDi 100 S&S 6-speed manual. The Allure trim starts at £24,295, while the higher-specification GT-Line such as our test car costs from £26,195. Our mid-trim BlueHDi 120 car is priced at £28,025, while the options of ‘Nero Black’ metallic paint (£525) and an electric panoramic glass sunroof (£990) nudged the price up to £29,720. The range-topping GT trim is only available with the highest output 180bhp BlueHDi diesel engine, and costs £33,695. GT-Line specification is well-equipped, though. Mistral ‘Imila’ leather effect seat trim, a wireless smartphone charging plate, full LED headlamps and fog lights, LED sequential scrolling front indicators and door mirror-mounted LED ‘Peugeot’ approach lights all feature as standard. There’s also the ‘i-Cockpit Amplify’ system which allows the choice of two configurable interior ambiences: ‘Boost’ and ‘Relax’. Safety systems are high on the 3008 GT-Line’s agenda, too, with automatic emergency braking, blind spot detection, distance alert, lane departure, and self-levelling headlamps all fitted. For comparison, a similar-size and output SEAT Ateca (see pages 52-53 for our road test of the 1.0-litre TSI petrol model) SE Technology costs £24,330 but has slightly less kit (move up to the £28,410 FR for a similar level of equipment and more power), while a Volkswagen Tiguan SE Navigation is listed at £28,865, but again has more power from the same 2.0-litre TDI engine as the SEAT. A Ford Kuga Titanium X TDCi 120 meanwhile is £29,045 but isn’t as sumptuous as the 3008, while the recently-updated Nissan Qashqai is priced from £27,780 in Tekna 1.5 dCi 110 guise, rising to £29,030 for the 1.6 dCi 130-engined version.

What does it cost? The Peugeot 3008 range starts with the Active 1.2-litre PureTech 130 S&S 6-speed manual at £22,495. The cheapest diesel is

How much does it cost to tax? With impressively-low CO2 emissions of just 104g/km, the Peugeot 3008 GT-Line BlueHDi 120 costs £140 in Vehicle Excise Duty for

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

Fuel consumption is just one read-out on the 12.3-inch ‘i-Cockpit’ digital display

the first year in accordance with the revised rates which came into force in April 2017. For subsequent years, the rate is the same. The cleanest 3008 is the Active BlueHDi 100 S&S at 103g/km, but this slots into the same £140 first and subsequent-year rate bracket. The most expensive 129g/km 1.6-litre THP 165 petrol-engined 3008 costs £160 in the first year, slipping to £140 thereafter. When it comes to BIK rates, the GT-Line BlueHDi 120 sits in the 22 per cent band. Why does my fleet need one? Handsomely stylish, well-built and moderately economical, there are many things to like about the Peugeot 3008 GT-Line BlueHDi 120. The French SUV impresses with its fit, finish, and tech count, while its on-road manners lend more of a feel akin to its mid-sized hatchback relative. It’s not as enjoyable to drive as its SEAT Ateca rival, but its tidy handling does bring some enjoyment. Despite its pumped-up looks, there is no four-wheel drive version for now, and Peugeot has deigned not to replace the previous 3008’s diesel-electric Hybrid4 powertrain, but a petrol-electric plug-in hybrid may arrive in 2019. To sum up then, the 3008 GT-Line fufills its premium aspirations well, should please with its high level of standard equipment, and is a decent drive, all with an added dose of stylish economy and practicality. ! FURTHER INFORMATION www.peugeot.co.uk


Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV

Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV The Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV was the first plug-in hybrid SUV in the UK, but not resting on its laurels, the Japanese manufacturer has updated the car for 2017

How does it drive? Powered by a 119bhp 2.0-litre four-cylinder petrol engine allied to two 60kW electric motors – one front, one rear – combined system output of the hybrid Mitsubishi is 200bhp. A torque output of 244lb ft/330Nm sees the Outlander PHEV get from 0 to 62mph in 11.0 seconds, while the big Mitsubishi can travel up to 74mph in all-electric mode. One development for 2017 is an ‘EV Priority’ mode which allows the PHEV SUV to run on all-electric power without the engine starting, provided there is sufficient charge in the 12kWh battery pack. Before, the engine would cut in a little too early on accelerative bursts. There’s also an electronic parking brake, too, in addition to an ‘Auto Hold’ function, which holds the car in traffic the same way as a conventional handbrake. We ran an Outlander PHEV for six months in 2016, and found it to marry the best of both the EV and hybrid worlds. If you’re not yet ready to take the full EV route, the Outlander PHEV offers added security thanks to its petrol engine, while also allowing the full EV experience when the situation dictates. We mainly used the Outlander PHEV

as a petrol-powered car on long journeys and motorways, with the EV mode saved for weaving silently through city streets. A ‘Save’ function holds the battery charge for exactly this reason, while a ‘Charge’ mode activates an on-board generator which feeds electricity gained through motive power from the engine and stores it in the drive battery. A trio of driving modes ensure the driver gets the best performance and efficiency out of the hybrid Outlander. ‘EV Drive’ mode lets the two electric motors power the car and is the greenest, zero-emission way to drive it. In ‘Series Hybrid’ mode, the petrol engine operates as a generator and supplies electricity to the pair of motors, and is used when the battery’s charge falls below a predetermined level or when more performance is needed. At high speeds, the car switches into ‘Parallel Hybrid’ mode, with the petrol engine providing almost all of the motive power, only assisted by the electric motors when required. A highly-effective regenerative braking system offers six strengths, while Mitsubishi’s twin-motor 4WD system offers both two and four-wheel drive options. Another 2017 introduction are new dampers and rear suspension bushes, which make the car even more refined, and as before, it feels quite light on its feet with a comfortable ride. Thanks to updates, charging now takes five hours on a domestic socket, while a 16A public charger will refill the car in around 3.5 hours. New rapid charging technology also refills the Mitsubishi PHEV to 80 per cent capacity in just 25 minutes. How economical is it? Mitsubishi quotes a combined cycle fuel economy figure of 166mpg, and during our short and long-term tests, we managed to

1,998cc four-cylinder petrol with 2 x 60kW electric motors and 12kWh battery

CO2:

41g/km

RANGE

33 miles (electric only), 542 miles (hybrid mode)

MPG (combined):

166

GF MPG (combined):

178

VED:

£0 first-year, £130-£440 thereafter

BIK:

9%

PRICE (OTR):

From £34,305 (inc VAT, before £2,500 government Plug-in Car Grant)

Written by Richard Gooding

What is it? The Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV is well-known to GreenFleet readers. Launched in May 2014, the plug-in hybrid SUV was the first of its kind in the UK. It led to the Japanese carmaker being named the GreenFleet PHEV Manufacturer of the Year in 2014, and go on to win the GreenFleet Outstanding Achievement prize in 2015. A plug-in hybrid SUV with a 33-mile all-electric range, the Outlander PHEV was refreshed with minor updates for 2017.

ENGINE:

Road Test

ROAD TEST

beat this figure on a regular basis, provided we plugged the car in whenever we could. What does it cost? The Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV starts from £34,305 for the entry-level Kotu version, rising to £46,505 for the range-topping 5HS. A £2,500 price deduction is also offered by the government’s Plug-in Car Grant. How much does it cost to tax? Now with CO2 emissions of 41g/km, the Outlander PHEV qualifies for £0 first-year rate VED, rising to £130 per year if the car’s list price is under £40,000. Higher-spec 4HS, 5H and 5HS versions which are over £40,000, though, now cost £440 per year. Why does my fleet need one? As with the pre-update car, provided it is used in the right way, the Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV offers excellent economy, as well as the other benefits of its low and zero-emission powertrain. Its tax incentives may now be slightly eroded, but its driving experience and technology are better than ever. ! FURTHER INFORMATION www.mitsubishi-cars.co.uk

The UK’s first plug-in hybrid SUV, the Outlander PHEV has a 33-mile electric range with CO2 emissions of 41g/km

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Road Test

ROAD TEST

Jeep Renegade Limited 1.6 MultiJet II 120

Written by Richard Gooding

The Renegade is Jeep’s first model built outside the US. Big on style and choice, the baby Jeep faces tough rivals in the fiercely- fought compact crossover market What is it? well as in Brazil and China. The first Jeep Now seen as more luxurious vehicles, model to be exclusively produced outside of Jeep pioneered the four-wheel drive SUV North America, front as well as part-time and movement with the original prototype full-time four-wheel drivetrains are available. Bantam BRC Willys Jeep in 1941. Although There are four engines – two petrol and two just for military use, civilian Jeeps (CJs) first diesel with outputs from 110 to 170bhp appeared in 1945, and in the intervening – to choose from, too, as well as manual 70 years have become more refined. Arguably and nine-speed automatic transmissions. most famous for the Wrangler and Cherokee In addition to offering a smaller than models of the mid-1980s, the Renegade may have been traditional Jeep footprint, name has been around since 1970, and now the Renegade also uses style as part of its it returns on a car more akin to those smaller weaponry to capture younger buyers to the off-road Jeeps with which the company brand. It’s boxy yet chiselled, chunky yet funky, started its ascent to four-wheel drive glory. and from the front end at least, unmistakably The new Renegade is a compact crossover a Jeep. The traditional slatted grille and round which is related to the Fiat 500X, the two headlamps of that original Willys Jeep have cars sharing components as both the Italian been updated for the 21st century and when and US companies are part of the picked out in a contrasting colour, the Fiat Chrysler Automobiles small crossover displays a large group, established in clue to its parentage. With its d e Select 2014. Launched the square-cut body lines and same year, the latest plastic-cladded wheel arches, Jeep dels o Renegade is built in the baby off-roader carries m e d a Italy alongside the its high-riding looks well. Reneg top/Start small Fiat crossover, as Nice touches include the use S e’

o Driv and ‘Ec g systems rin monito improve to y econom

46

‘X’-shaped rear light lenses and the smattering of ‘hidden’ Jeep grille motif logos in the cabin. The Limited model tested here sits just under the top-of-the-range Trailhawk, although all models receive the same, ruggedly-styled interior. Full of ‘military’-style design touches, it’s certainly a different place to be, and while possibly too garish for some, cars with the contrasting ‘Bark Brown’ and ‘Ski Grey’ leather really look the part. Yes, the ‘Since 1941’ embossed panel above the radio is possibly a heritage touch too far, but overall, the individualism of the Renegade is appealing. How does it drive? Built alongside and sharing proven mechanical parts with the Fiat 500X, the Jeep Renegade shares its Italian cousin’s engines. The car we tested was a 120bhp 1.6 MultiJet II diesel-engined model coupled with a six-speed manual gearbox. Torque of 236lb ft (320Nm) is developed from as low as 1,750rpm, and the car feels spritely enough for everyday use and keeps up well with motorway traffic. The 1,404kg


for which the Jeep brand is known. Both systems are married to Jeep’s ‘Selec-Terrain’ traction control system, which has four or five modes for varying surfaces. How economical is it? The 1.6 MultiJet II diesel is the most economical and cleanest engine in the Renegade range. Our test car’s engine was Euro 5+ standard, but FCA Group has recently revised the complete range of units and it now qualifies as Euro 6. As a result, CO2 emissions fall from the 120g/km of the Euro 5+ engine to 115g/km for the Euro 6 unit. Quoted economy is improved, too, up from the 61.4mpg of our test car to 64.2mpg of 2016 models. Over our 410-mile test, we averaged 53.0mpg in the real world, which is 86 per cent of the quoted figure – a commendable result. Another benefit of the newer technology is a sizeable reduction in NOx emissions from 0.168g/km to 0.025g/km. This version of the car also features Stop/Start and ‘Eco Drive’ monitoring systems to further improve economy. What does it cost? The Renegade Limited 1.6 MultiJet II 120 costs £24,855 on the road, with our test car weighing in £28,305 once selected options were fitted. Metallic paint costs £700, while our car also featured upgraded two-tone alloy wheels for an extra £300 and an electric panoramic sunroof at a hefty £1,200. Optional packs range from £475 to £750. Equipment on the Renegade Limited is high, though, with cruise control, dual-zone climate control, heated front seats and steering wheel, leather upholstery, a seven-inch TFT instrument display, ‘Uconnect’ 6.5-inch colour touchscreen infotainment system (with satellite navigation and Bluetooth), and steering wheel controls. Safety kit includes forward collision and lane departure warning systems as standard, as well as rear parking sensors, electronic stability control, anti-roll mitigation, and traction control. The Renegade range starts at £18,250 for the 1.6 E-torQ 110bhp Sport and rises to £29,810 asked for the 2.0 MultiJet II 170bhp Trailhawk. A trio of special editions are also offered. Fiat’s 500X twin starts at £15,430 in ‘City Look’ trim – the ‘Off-Road Look’ Cross Plus model with the same 1.6-litre MultiJet II 120 engine as the Jeep retails at £21,235 on the road, but interestingly is rated at 109g/km, 6g/km lower than the Renegade. The small Jeep faces myriad rivals in its competitive sector including the Mazda CX-3, the perennially popular Nissan Juke, the premium Mini Countryman, as well as the Skoda Yeti, Suzuki Vitara and Vauxhall Mokka. However, Jeep claims that in Limited 1.6 MultiJet II 120 form (as tested here) the Renegade has the most kit and is cheaper than its key rivals. While the standard three-year/60,000-mile warranty could be longer, this can be upgraded at extra cost to seven years and 100,000 miles. Servicing intervals are every 12,500 miles, but thanks to that commonality of parts shared with the Fiat 500X, maintenance shouldn’t be on the prohibitive side.

ENGINE:

1,598cc, four-cylinder turbodiesel

CO2:

115g/km

NOx:

0.025g/km

MPG (combined):

64.2

GF MPG (combined):

53.0

VED:

Road Test

Renegade Limited 4x2 does the 0-62mph benchmark in 10.2 seconds, while top speed is 111mph, no doubt due to the bluff looks denting the car’s aerodynamic efficiency. The boxy shape may also contribute to the wind noise on the move, which trumps road noise from the standard 18-inch alloy wheels and 225/55 R18 tyres. Otherwise, the small Jeep is a very refined cruiser, although there is no denying what is powering the car at idle. Over 100kg lighter than its four-wheel drive siblings, the front-wheel drive Renegade grips well, and corners flatly for a small SUV. A firm ride deflects road imperfections well enough and the baby Jeep feels comfortable on the move. As with many modern cars, steering feedback is at a minimum, although you can place the car well enough. While it aids the Renegade’s practicality, the square silhouette does have its limitations out in the open: the rear pillars are very thick and close following traffic can be shielded from view. The optional blind spot monitoring system which comes as part of the £750 ‘Parking Pack’ also includes parking sensors and a rear-view camera. Although our test car was resolutely two-wheel drive, the two four-wheel drive systems available on the Renegade deliver both part and full-time 4WD traction. ‘Jeep Active Drive’ is optional on all models and automatically engages all four wheels when traction is lost. At other times, the car runs in two-wheel drive mode with the rear axle disconnected, increasing fuel efficiency. ‘Jeep Active Drive Low’ is a full-time 4x4 mode, which is coupled to an active on-demand clutch to provide increased traction on all surfaces and provide off-road capability

Jeep Renegade Limited 1.6 MultiJet II 120

£160 first-year, £140 thereafter

BIK:

25%

PRICE (OTR):

£24,855 (inc VAT, £28,305 as tested)

How much does it cost to tax? As tested, the Jeep Renegade Limited 1.6 MultiJet II 120 costs £160 during the first year of ownership and £140 thereafter at current rates. Benefit in Kind is 25 per cent. Top models fitted with the 160g/km 2.0 MultiJet II Diesel 4WD powertrain will pay a sizeable £500 per year in VED for the first year, and £140 thereafter, as well as 34 per cent BIK. It’s a shame the Euro 6 version of the 1.6 MultiJet II diesel engine isn’t rated at just 1g/km lower, though: BIK falls by one per cent. Why does my fleet need one? The Renegade shrinks the traditional Jeep footprint down to a size which hasn’t been seen for quite some time. With commendable economy, stylish looks, a comfortable and striking interior, the baby Jeep is an interesting addition to the small crossover sector. The small SUV has done much to boost the US company’s sales in the UK, too – in April it was the brand’s best-selling model – and there are myriad models from which business users can choose. If rugged off-road looks appeal, there’s a lot to like about the Renegade, but opt for a sensibly-priced mid-range, two-wheel drive car as tested here for optimum economy and tax costs. ! FURTHER INFORMATION www.jeep.co.uk

Volume 105 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

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Road Test

ROAD TEST

Toyota C-HR Hybrid

Written by Richard Gooding

The Toyota C-HR brings daring style and the company’s familiar hybrid technology to the small crossover market, as well as Lexus-like luxury

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GreenFleet readers will be more interested What is it? in the hybrid model which is forecasted to ‘C-HR’ stands for ‘Coupé High Rider’ and take 75 per cent of C-HR sales in the UK. gives a clue to the main difference Toyota’s All hybrid C-HRs are front-wheel drive only. latest model has over the competition. Sharing the Prius’ 1.8-litre, 97bhp petrol With a distinctive sloping roofline, the C-HR engine and 53kW/71bhp electric motor, the attempts to bring coupé looks to a segment hybrid powertrain C-HR promises emissions which typically sees more staid ‘box-like’ as low as 86g/km with economy of 74.3mpg. styling. It’s the most daringly-styled car For efficiency reasons, the hybrid C-HR is in Toyota’s current line-up, and features only available with a CVT automatic gearbox the latest Toyota New Global Architecture which feels strained at higher revs. (TNGA) platform just like the latest Much better suited to lower Prius (GreenFleet issue 93). It speeds, the new Toyota also has an economical hybrid he T crossover has little body powertrain, which should Toyota has roll, and corners flatly for appeal to fleet managers. id r b an SUV. Nicely-weighted y H C-HR issions of steering and an How does it drive? Even though the CO2 em 7g/km and inherent nimbleness make the C-HR C-HR looks as small -8 86g/km re only costs fun to drive. as a Nissan Juke, it is actually as large as a therefo in VED for How Qashqai. Luggage space £90 st year economical is it? of 377 litres is around 60 r fi e th Toyota claims combined litres less than the competition, cycle economy figures of but a well-shaped loading 74.3mpg on C-HR Hybrid models area makes up for this a little. with 17-inch wheels, and 72.4 on cars with The bold interior of the C-HR features 18-inch rims. Over our 250-mile real-world a central touchscreen which is angled test route, our 18-inch-wheeled car returned towards the driver, while vivid colour an average economy of 53.2mpg. strips dissect the dashboard. The C-HR also seems to borrow high-quality fittings from What does it cost? its Lexus cousins. It’s a comfortable and The entry-level Icon Hybrid starts at cosseting place in which to sit, the leather £23,685 and includes kit such as automatic trim and gloss plastic on some models headlights and wipers, dual-zone air creating an impression of luxury. conditioning, eight-inch Toyota Touch 2 A pair of petrol engines are available infotainment system with six speakers, and for the C-HR. A 1.2-litre turbocharged unit keyless entry. Excel C-HR Hybrids cost from develops 114bhp with torque of 136lb ft, and is mated to a six-speed manual gearbox, with the option of a CVT automatic.

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£26,585 and add an eight-inch Toyota Touch 2 with Go infotainment system. Dynamic trim (£28,085 upwards) benefits include LED lighting, and a bi-tone paint finish with a contrasting black roof. How much does it cost to tax? The Toyota C-HR Hybrid has CO2 emissions of 86g/km and 87g/km when fitted with 17 or 18-inch wheels respectively. Therefore, all versions regardless of trim cost £90 to tax in the first year and £130 thereafter. BIK is 17 per cent. Why does my fleet need one? Forty-four per cent of C-HR sales will be to the fleet market, and Toyota forecasts the new car to take 11 per cent of the C-segment crossover market. Low emissions and a decent drive should help Toyota attain the penetration it desires, as the C-HR fires a capable and creative riposte to the established competition. ! FURTHER INFORMATION www.toyota.co.uk

Toyota C-HR Hybrid ENGINE:

1,798cc, 97bhp four-cylinder petrol engine, 53kW electric motor, 6.5Ah battery

CO2:

86-87g/km

MPG (combined): VED:

72.4-74.3

£100 first-year, £130 thereafter

BIK: PRICE (OTR):

17% £23,685-£28,085 (inc VAT)


Lexus RX 450h Luxury

Road Test

ROAD TEST

The origins of Lexus’ hybrid reputation started with the second-generation RX. Richard Gooding finds out if the latest version of the big SUV still deserves its economical and premium standing Lexus RX 450h Luxury ENGINE:

CO2:

127g/km

MPG (combined):

51.4

GF MPG (combined):

36.9

VED:

£140 first-year, £440 thereafter

BIK:

24%

PRICE (OTR):

What is it? Lexus got ahead of the hybrid game before many others, and now offers a petrol-electric version of every model in its range. Rather aptly, Lexus’ hybrid technology debuted on the second-generation RX in 2005, and it’s the fourth-generation model of the Japanese company’s large crossover on test here. How does it drive? There’s no doubt about the RX 450h’s looks – they’re very divisive. While its wide chrome-trimmed front grille may prove a little brash for some, the big Lexus’ style is certainly on the bold side, but it has a premium air, too, befitting its – in Luxury trim – £50,000-plus price tag. A ‘floating’ roof and muscular wheel arches further add interest to the overall shape, which help to disguise its size. Make no mistake, at almost five metres long and over 1.5 metres tall, this is a big car. But with a big car comes enlarged practicality. The luxuriously-trimmed cabin has acres of space and plentiful rear legroom, and there’s 453 litres of luggage space with the rear seats up. The cabin is typically Toyota/Lexus, and has everything in easy reach with soft-touch and premium materials in abundance. The only thing that lets it down is the joystick-mouse which controls the infotainment system. A little too sensitive, it’s too easy to navigate to another menu other than that desired, but it gets better to control once you’re used to it. One of the biggest advantages a hybrid powertrain offers is quietness and hushed refinement. And it’s here the Lexus RX 450h scores over similar-sized diesel-powered rivals. Set off at low speeds and the car is

eerily quiet, but it doesn’t take long before the engine cuts in. It’s noticeable rather than intrusive, though, and under accelerative loads, the car makes a nice muted six-cylinder ‘woofle’, which is in keeping with its luxurious demeanour. Most of the time, the RX 450h is a more relaxing car to drive than a large diesel-powered rival would be. The car’s Full Hybrid System powertrain means the electric motors are always on, and the petrol engine will stop and start at any given speed to maintain the best balance between performance and efficiency. A selectable ‘Eco’ mode helps economy by cutting the climate control and levelling out response from the throttle, while the ‘EV’ mode runs the car in zero-emission, electric-only mode for as long as conditions allow. Sadly, the eCVT gearbox doesn’t match the premium image, and sounds strained when the car is ploughing on. A switchable ‘Sport’ mode holds onto gears for even longer, but even when the car is in standard mode, though, the performance is quite prodigious, the full system output of 313bhp pushing the car along effortlessly quickly. Despite its size, the RX 450h betrays its dimensions and with light steering, it doesn’t feel like a big SUV. Body roll is well-contained while grip from its ‘E-Four’ all-wheel drive system is plentiful. How economical is it? Lexus quotes an official 51.4mpg on the combined cycle for its big SUV. And while we didn’t get near to that figure out in the real world, the high of 40.3mpg we achieved is impressive for a car which weighs 2,715kg. Our average fuel return over 316 miles was

Written by Richard Gooding

3,456cc, six-cylinder V6 petrol, 123kW and 50kW electric motors

£51,645 (inc VAT, £52,290 as tested)

36.9mpg. But even with regular use of the ‘EV’ mode around urban areas or when stuck in traffic, if motorway miles are a priority, a traditional diesel-engined SUV would make for a more economical companion. What does it cost? The Luxury model tested here costs £51,645 ‘on the road’, and looks and feels generally very premium. The RX range starts with the £41,940 200t S, powered by a 238bhp 2.0-litre petrol engine, while the hybrid models begin with the £48,645 450h SE, and are topped off with the £59,645 450h Premier. How much does it cost to tax? With emissions of 127g/km, first-year rate tax for the RX 450h Luxury is £150. However, as the car’s list price is over £40,000, it attracts the ‘Premium Rate’ tax supplement of £310 added to the ‘Standard Rate’ of £130 from the second year for five years thereafter. That results in a very hefty £440 annual VED cost. Why does my fleet need one? If a boldly-styled, spaciously practical and eminently quiet SUV appeals, the RX 450h is a strong contender. A diesel-powered rival may offer greater economy in the right conditions, but the RX 450h’s sophisticated powertrain and projected lower running costs should also reap rewards. The big Lexus is an interesting – if not compelling – large SUV choice, as well as a quietly economical, prestigious, and bold hybrid proposition. ! FURTHER INFORMATION www.lexus.co.uk

Volume 105 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

49


Road Test

ROAD TEST

BMW X5 xDrive40e iPerformance

Written by Richard Gooding

The BMW X5 xDrive40e iPerformance was the German company’s first plug-in hybrid model. Richard Gooding examines the company car tax savings and economy the big PHEV SUV offers

What is it? The X5 xDrive40e iPerformance was the first plug-in hybrid production car from BMW, and was launched in spring 2015 ahead of the PHEV versions of the 2 Series Active Tourer and the evergreen 3 Series executive saloon. The permanent all-wheel drive SUV combines elements of BMW’s EfficientDynamics eco-technology with a 245bhp/180kW 2.0-litre four-cylinder twin-turbo petrol engine and 83kW/113bhp synchronous electric motor. Combined system output is 313bhp/230kW with 332lb ft/450Nm of torque, while the German car maker promises a maximum official 85.6mpg and CO2 emissions of 77-78g/km. The 96-cell, 9kWh lithium-ion battery is mounted in the luggage area of the X5 xDrive40e and provides energy for the eight-speed Steptronic gearbox, into which the electric motor is situated, while a separate 12V battery powers the car’s electrical system via an onboard voltage X5 xDrive40e employs a 245bhp/180kW 1,997cc four-cylinder petrol engine mated to a 113bhp/83kW electric motor

50

transformer. The X5 xDrive40e can be driven up to 75mph in all-electric mode, while BMW quotes an official 19-mile range. The company says it is the average mileage that 88 per cent of X5 drivers travel. Top speed is a quoted 130mph. How does it drive? Unlike its i3 and i8 built-from-the-ground-up EVs, the X5 xDrive40e is a standard X5 given an electric makeover. Externally, it looks like any other X5, and it’s a similar story inside. As with other versions of the BMW SUV, the plush materials and clear displays point to a premium-priced car, and there are plenty of read-outs to inform the driver of what’s going on with the power sources. An i8-style ‘floating’ central touchscreen displays the navigation and setting options, as well as informing the driver of which driving mode is selected. A display ahead of the driver displays the level of recuperation charge, battery status as well

The 5 BMW X was 0e xDrive4 any’s first p the comproduction hybrid r, with ca sions of s i m e CO2 /km 77-78g

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as how much electricity is being used. An ‘eDrive’ button on the high centre console adjusts the car’s hybrid mode. When set to ‘Auto’, the xDrive40e’s engine is boosted by the 184lb ft/250Nm electric motor for higher speeds, the electric motor being employed up to 44mph. The ‘Max’ eDrive setting allows the car to run exclusively on all-electric power. A ‘Save Battery’ mode allows the battery’s charge state to be held or topped up by energy recuperation should its level be low and is ideal for those smaller city-based journeys where zero local emissions matter most. Regardless of which setting is chosen, all four wheels are permanently powered by BMW’s xDrive system. A ‘Driving Experience Control’ switch also activates three further vehicle set-ups: ‘Comfort’, ‘Sport’ and ‘Eco Pro’. These further modes alter the throttle mapping, steering characteristics and gearbox responses. ‘Eco Pro’, as its name suggests, is the most economical setting, and optimises the most efficient use of the air conditioning system, seat heating function as well as the heated mirrors.


Additionally, when overrunning between 0-100mph, a coasting function shuts off the engine, so the X5 xDrive40e runs using no fuel at all. Both the ‘eDrive’ and ‘Driving Experience Control’ set-ups can be mixed together for a driver’s particular preference. To make the hybrid BMW X5 even more efficient, the standard ‘Professional’ satellite navigation system also features intelligent energy management. BMW’s ‘anticipatory powertrain strategy’ maximises the car’s potential all-electric range by examining the route profile, traffic situation and which drive mode is selected. As with the Volvo XC90 T8 Twin Engine we’ve also tested (GreenFleet issue 91), the X5 xDrive40e offers plenty of performance from the off. The electric motor has spirited get-up-and-go from standstill thanks to its instant torque – BMW quotes a 0-62mph time of 6.8 seconds. Refinement is as you’d expect from a BMW, too, the hybrid X5 near-silent when on the move. How long does it take to charge? Charging the X5 xDrive40e to 80 per cent from empty takes around 2.5 hours on BMW’s 7kW i wallbox, which is part of the company’s ‘BMW 360º Electric’ concept, which offers connected and assistance services. As with the i3, the ChargeNow service provides free access to a network of selected charging points, while the ParkNow Longterm system allows pre-booking of a charge point for recharging. If using a household socket, an additional hour can be added to the wallbox charging time. A remote pre-conditioning system and a 5-metre domestic charging cable

is standard: a Type 2-ended cable for fast charging costs from around £165. What does it cost? Available in SE and M Sport variants, our test car was the top-rung M Sport, which starts at £59,795 ‘on the road’ including VAT. The lower priced SE model costs £55,810, but misses out on the more aggressive styling of the M Sport car. The plug-in hybrid X5 is £325 cheaper than the similar output £56,135 157g/km, 47.1mpg xDrive40d in SE trim. As with the xDrive40e, an M Sport version is also available at £60,120. Standard equipment is high with adaptive comfort suspension, air conditioning, alloy wheels, automatic headlights and wipers, cruise control, DAB radio, and BMW online services all included. How much does it cost to tax? Like its Volvo XC90 T8 Twin Engine rival, the X5 xDrive40e will prove more advantageous when used in urban areas as opposed to stretches of motorway, where the xDrive40d will prove a more cost-effective companion. BMW claims mid-20mpg fuel economy on a long distance, rising by 10 or 20mpg depending on driving style and road conditions. Like the big Swede, though, the plug-in X5 favours business users, with its BIK rate of 17 per cent. The big BMW PHEV is no longer eligible for the government’s Category 2 or 3 PiCG, but compared to the diesel xDrive40d, the xDrive40e has the potential to offer around 50 per cent benefit in kind tax savings. The BMW xDrive40e iPerformance was first launched in 2015

ENGINE:

245bhp/180kW 1,997cc four-cylinder petrol with 113bhp/83kW electric motor

CO2:

77-78g/km

RANGE

19 miles (electric only)

MPG (combined): VED:

Road Test

BMW X5 xDrive40e

83.1

£90 first-year, £440 thereafter

BIK:

17%

PRICE (OTR):

From £55,810 (inc VAT)

Should I buy one? BMW bills the X5 xDrive40e as a ‘no compromise’ version of its all-conquering SUV, but practicality does suffer a little. Unlike the Volvo XC90 T8 Twin Engine, the X5 PHEV seats five thanks to battery intrusion into the luggage area. However, the 500 litres of luggage space is only 70 litres less than a combustion-engined X5, increasing to 1,720 litres when the rear seats are folded. Overall, the BMW X5 xDrive40e iPerformance offers most of the flexibility that the rest of the range enjoys. With the same comfort, premium quality and technology as other X5s, the hybrid version of BMW’s SUV entices business users with its much more favourable tax costs and low to zero-emission running, and has very few drawbacks. ! FURTHER INFORMATION www.bmw.co.uk BMW’s first plug-in hybrid has an all-electric range of 19 miles

X5 xDrive40e interior is plush, comfortable, well-equipped and has myriad read-outs to monitor the hybrid powertrain

51


Road Test Written by Richard Gooding

ROAD TEST

SEAT Ateca SE 1.0 TSI Ecomotive The SEAT Ateca is the Spanish company’s first crossover in the traditional SUV mould. Has it taken the best elements of the class and added a new Catalonian twist? Richard Gooding samples SEAT’s new high-riding dish What is it? Spanish carmaker SEAT is perhaps best-known in the UK for making good value small and medium-sized hatchbacks, its Ibiza and Leon models proving its most popular nameplates. Taken under the arm of the Volkswagen Group in 1982, the Martorell-based company has offered a slightly sporty take on Volkswagen Group products for the past three-and-a-half decades. The Ateca is SEAT’s first conventional SUV aimed at families who need more space than the Volkswagen Golf-sized Leon can offer. Launched in the second half of 2016, the Ateca’s compact crossover silhouette succeeds the MPV-based Altea. Produced in Kvasiny in the Czech Republic, the Ateca will soon have a sister

in the new Škoda Karoq, a similar compact SUV based on the same mechanical components as the new SEAT. A range of diesel and petrol engines are available, but the most economical models are the 113bhp Ecomotive versions. Powered by either a 1.0-litre TSI petrol or 1.6-litre diesel engine, the Ateca Ecomotive models are available in S, SE and SE Technology trims and its the popular SE trim we have on test here. How does it drive? First off, the Ateca strikes you with its obvious similarity to the Leon. That’s no bad thing, as with its sharp creases and neat, geometric lines, the Ateca immediately appears modern and in line with its siblings. The roof rails (standard on SE trim and

above) add a dash of SUV-ness, while there’s no mistaking the nature of the car thanks to its elevated ride height and large alloy wheels. The Ateca is cohesive and stylish and doesn’t deserve comparison with its Altea MPV predecessor. Open the door and its a similar story inside: Volkswagen Group build quality is evident everywhere, and the Spanish car almost upstages its more premium German family members when it comes to soft-touch materials. Borrowing styling touches from the Leon’s cabin, SEAT has created a nice and logically thought-out place to be. The 8.0-inch colour touchscreen works as seamlessly as it does in its VW Group rivals, too, and is easy to navigate and understand. Thanks to the overall design, visibility is good, too, with no A-pillar blind spots or rear window sight issues. On the move, the tiny 999cc petrol engine is both impressively refined and flexible. Also found in the Volkswagen Golf and SEAT Leon among others, it’s hard to believe the little unit’s cubic capacity

SEAT Ateca SE 1.0 TSI Ecomotive 115 ENGINE:

999cc, turbocharged three-cylinder petrol

CO2:

119g/km

NOx:

28mg/km

MPG (combined):

54.3

GF MPG (combined):

47.4

VED:

£160 first-year, £140 thereafter

BIK: PRICE (OTR):

52

DEDICATED TO PROMOTING A CLEANER ENVIRONMENT | www.greenfleet.net

22% £20,490 (inc VAT, £22,890 as tested)


How economical is it? SEAT quotes a combined cycle fuel economy figure of 54.3mpg. Over a 529-mile test, we achieved 47.4mpg: 87 per cent of the Spanish car’s official return. That a medium-sized car powered by a 1.0-litre petrol engine – even one with a turbocharger – can be that economical is quite remarkable. What does it cost? The SEAT Ateca SE 1.0 TSI Ecomotive costs £20,490 ‘on the road’ (OTR). Standard equipment includes 17-inch ‘Dynamic’ alloy wheels, black roof rails, cruise control, dual-zone climate control, electric door mirrors, front fog lights, LED tail lights, rear parking sensors, as well as an 8-inch ‘Media System Plus’ infotainment system with proximity sensor and USB/SD connectivity,

voice control and phone mirroring functions. It’s a good value package, with everything drivers could want in day-to-day situations, but even the options fitted to our test car seem well-priced. The ‘Convenience Pack’ of auto headlights/wipers/rear-view mirror is £175, while lane and high beam assist functions are priced at £305 as part of the ‘Driving Assistance Pack’. Striking LED headlights which really look the part come in at £820 (with auto adjustment and ‘welcome’ light in the door mirrors), while Keyless Enter and Go includes a ‘connectivity hub’ with wireless phone charger for £505. Finally, the bicolour 17-inch alloy wheels on our car added a further £345, with the ‘Bila White’ non-metallic paint an additional £250. Even then, that’s a lot of kit for £22,890. Elsewhere in the range, the entry-level S 1.0 TSI Ecomotive starts at £18,340, while the cheapest SE Technology car with the same engine is £22,225, and offers aluminium roof rails, DAB, exterior chrome window surrounds, LED headlamps and fog lights, satellite navigation and 18-inch wheels in addition to the similarly-equipped SE. The least pricey Xcellence range-topper is the £25,300 1.4 EcoTSI, which features cylinder deactivation technology to take emissions down to 123g/km. The £31,260 Xcellence 2.0 TDI DSG-auto 4Drive is the ultimate Ateca, and is one of seven versions with four-wheel drive. All others are front-wheel drive only. As a note, the petrol-powered Nissan Qashqai Acenta 1.2 DIG-T 115 with a similar level of kit to the Ateca costs from £21,680, while the Renault Kadjar Dynamique Nav TCe 130 is priced from £21,575 but both are heavier on emissions, with 129 and 126g/km respectively. The Ateca’s in-house rival, the Volkswagen Tiguan is noticeably more expensive, starting at £23,250 for the 137g/km 1.4 TSI 125 model in lowest form ‘S’ trim. The £23,685 Toyota C-HR Icon Hybrid beats the SEAT on emissions at 86g/km, but is more expensive and has more divisive looks.

How much does it cost to tax? With CO2 emissions of 119g/km, the 1.0 TSI Ecomotive is the cleanest petrol-engined Ateca available. It attracts a first-year taxation rate of £160 in the first year, and £140 thereafter, coincidentally the same as the 113g/km 1.6 TDI Ecomotive. All Atecas have energy recovery and stop-start systems as standard, while SEAT claims that Ecomotive-badged models ‘may also include additional features such as revised gear ratios and low-rolling resistance tyres’. The energy recovery system varies the amount of power absorbed by the alternator, so that when braking, power which is otherwise lost is drawn into the battery and other electrical systems. Therefore, the alternator draws less energy under acceleration, and more power is sent to the wheels, reducing both fuel consumption and CO2 emissions.

Road Test

is that small, such is the turbocharged punch. SEAT quotes a 0-62mph time of 11 seconds and a top speed of 114mph, and although that sounds slow for 2017, it doesn’t feel it with 148lb ft/200Nm of torque available between 2,000 and 3,500rpm. The standard six-speed gearbox has a short throw and the closely-stacked ratios elicit a sporty feel, somewhat at odds with the car’s ‘economy’ nature, but enjoyable nonetheless. Engine noise very subdued, its typical three-cylinder thrum only being heard on strained accelerative bursts. It still takes some getting used to: it’s only usually small cars, or more recently, medium-sized cars which are traditionally fitted with a power unit this small, not a family-sized SUV! Another bonus of the downsized engine is that it’s not a diesel, with none of the associated harshness and noise. Stiffer suspension than you might expect means the SEAT SUV handles really nicely, with a level of grip and cornering you wouldn’t expect from a crossover, however compact. Body roll is well-contained and while the well-weighted steering might not harness sports car levels of feedback, its directness means you can place the Ateca accurately on the road. And while it shrinks around you out on the road, it has plenty of practical space, including a family-friendly 510-litre luggage capacity.

With l a petro he t engine, 1.0 TSI teca SEAT A otive has a SE Ecomr BIK rate lowe s diesel than it ives relat

Why does my fleet need one? One of SEAT’s recent stars, the multi-award-winning Spanish crossover, has garnered praise from all quarters. And deservedly so. Stylish, good value, and economical: in 1.0 TSI Ecomotive guise, the SEAT Ateca has a great deal going for it. Boosting 2016 sales for the Spanish firm to its best result since 2007, over 24,200 Atecas were sold in Europe in a six-month period, proof that SEAT’s decision to enter the SUV market was a prudent one. Over 410,200 SEATs found homes last year, and if the company’s new Ibiza and refreshed Leon continue its good-value and great-to-drive offensive – and there are few signs that won’t be the case – then the fleet market will also reap the benefits of the Spanish company’s resurgence. An impressive and great all-rounder, the Ateca shows the start of even greater things to come. ! FURTHER INFORMATION www.seat.co.uk

1.0-litre engine is rare for the SUV class

The SEAT Ateca’s cabin runs its Volkswagen Group siblings close for quality and equipment

Volume 105 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE

53


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ISSUE 105


GreenFleet 105  

The Only Fleet Publication Dedicated to a Cleaner Environment

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