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ROMANIAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM

Prof. Pop Camelia Page  1


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2. Romanian Educational System’s Description


 Education is compulsory between the ages of 6 and 16 years.  The official language for education is Romanian.  The national education system is organised into several levels of education: – Pre-primary education (children from 3 up to 5/6 years of age), – Primary education (children between the ages of 6/7 and 10), – Lower secondary education (pupils between the ages of 10 and 16 years), – Upper secondary education (pupils between the ages of 16 and 18 years), – Post-secondary education, – Higher education.


Governance of the Education System Ministry of Education NCC

NSAE

• •

PEEAC

NCPTST •

NCTVETD

NCTEAD

• •

NCE

County School Inspectorates TTH

LDC

• • • • •

LCSS Schools

Other units

NCC – National Council for Curriculum NSAE – National Service for Assessment and Evaluation PEEAC – Pre-university Education Evaluation and Accreditation Commission NCPTST – National Centre for Preuniversity Teaching Staff Training NCTVETD – National Centre for TVET Development NCTEAD – National Council for Textbooks Evaluation, Approval and Distribution NCE – National Centre for Excellence CSI – County School Inspectorates TTH – Teacher Training Houses LDC – Local Development Committee for Social Partnership in VET LCSS – Local Council School Service


3. The initial teacher training (1) The Teaching Staff Statute (Law 128/1997)

• For each teaching position establishes the initial training requirements in the form of appointment conditions.

Teaching

positions (also referred to as didactic functions) in Pre-university education are established within the Teaching Staff Statute (Law 128/1997) by education level, and are as follows: special education and in complex evaluation services*: teacher, itinerant teacher, special education teacher, psycho-pedagogue-teacher, school psychologist-teacher, logopaedicteacher, social pedagogue-teacher.

pre-primary education: educator, institutor

primary education: învăţător, institutor

secondary education: teacher, psycho-pedagogue-teacher, social pedagogue-teacher, maistru-instructor

*for evaluation and selection of the children with special educational needs


4. In-service training (1) Further professional development the didactic grade I the didactic grade II

on-the-job-confirmation

It means that the teacher attained a high level of professional maturity and expertise, which recommends them as a generator of good practices in the school educational environment.

It means that the teacher gained a plus of professionalization, confirmed by their results at tests especially designed to reveal the added value obtained since their confirmation as teacher.

It means the recognition of minimal accepted competences of a person who has chosen the teaching career and who guarantees in this way that they have the necessary training for the teaching profession and can enter an ascending professionalization route.

Each

stage is accomplished through specific evaluations and leads to certification of a higher professional-degree.

Professional-degrees are rewarded with higher salaries for the same teaching position, level of the initial training and seniority, and entitle the holder to compete for management or guiding and control positions.


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