JOY Guide

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Project Nr: 2017-1-RO01-KA219-037340

Project Nr: 2017-1-RO01-KA219-037340

PROLOGUE The project J.O.Y. represents a partnership among 4 European educational institutions, which are situated in countries placed at different socio-economic development levels: Romania, Italy, Estonia and Croatia. There are about 2500 pupils studying in these schools, aged between 6-18 years old, including a primary, secondary, vocational and special education system. "Journeys� Guide intends to make children discover themselves as European citizens by taking them on a journey, which starts with a close study of their immediate environment, and ends up with studying Europe. Along their way they learn and find information about subjects as: My School, My Neighbourhood, My Town, My Country. Each stage of the project will focus on the well-known four big themes: geography, culture, environment, and language learning (French/ English), uniting four European schools, by creating reports, making Power point presentations, studying environment. All these are intended to make teachers deliver subjects in a more active, involving, motivating and fun way, and reinforce pupils' self-esteem amongst their peers, as the selfdiscovery and discovering more and more about other cultures will encourage an outward looking approach towards others and increase their feeling that they belong to a wide community: Europe. Pop Camelia Project Coordinator

This material was created by students from: •„Silvania” School, Simleu Silvaniei, Romania • Nurme kool, Koigi vald, Estonia • Hotelijersko-turistička i ugostiteljska škola, Zadar, Croatia • Istituto d'Istruzione Superiore Leonardo da Vinci, Piazza Armerina, Italia

Coordonated by: • Mrs. Camelia Pop, „Silvania” School, Simleu Silvaniei, Romania • Mrs. Veve Kallasaru, Nurme kool, Koigi vald, Estonia • Mrs. Daniela Riger-Knez, Hotelijersko-turistička i ugostiteljska škola, Zadar, Croatia • Mrs. Rosaria di Corado, Istituto d'Istruzione Superiore Leonardo da Vinci, Piazza Armerina, Italia

What is Romania ? Romania is a country located at the intersection of Central and Southeastern Europe, bordering on the Black Sea. Romania shares a border with Hungary and Serbia to the west, Ukraine and Moldova to the northeast and east, and Bulgaria to the south.

Etymology The România derives from the Latin romanus, meaning "citizen of Rome". The first known use of the appellation was by 16th-century Italian humanists travelling in Transylvania, Moldavia and Wallachia.

The Carpathian Mountains dominate the centre of Romania, with 14 mountain ranges reaching above 2,000 m, and the highest point at Moldoveanu Peak. Romania's geographical diversity has led to an accompanying diversity of flora and fauna.


Owing to its distance from the open sea and position on the southeastern portion of the European continent, Romania has a climate that is temperate and continental, with four distinct seasons. The average annual temperature is 11 °C in the south and 8 °C in the north.

Natural environment A high percentage of the country is covered with natural and semi-natural ecosystems. The integrity of Romanian forest ecosystems is indicated by the presence of the full range of European forest fauna. There are also almost 400 unique species of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians in Romania.


Tourism focuses on the country's natural landscapes and its rich history and is a significant contributor to the Romanian economy. Tourism is one of the most dynamic and fastest developing sectors of the economy of Romania and is characterized by a huge potential for development.

• Warm climate, miles of sand beaches, ancient monuments, vineyards and modern resorts invite travelers to seriously consider Romania's Black Sea Coast as their summer vacation destination. • Beaches, stretching from Mangalia to Mamaia, are dotted with fine resorts and hotels, and countless sports and entertainment facilities. • Remnants of ancient Greek culture as far back as the 7th Century, BC, when seafarers established trading colonies along the coast, are still being discovered.

Danube Delta, a green paradise, unique in Europe

Central Romania encompasses what is popularly known as Transylvania – a place that immediately brings to mind the legend of Count Dracula. While the legend is certainly intriguing and a genuine tourist attraction, the region has much more to offer. Some of Europe’s bestpreserved medieval towns, most notably Sighisoara, Brasov and Sibiu, are located here.

Oltenia, between the Danube and the Carpathians • The statue of Dacian king Decebal than 55 m and 25 m wide, is the largest statue in Europe. It can be seen in a cruise on the Danube. • Iron Gates Hydropower is the largest on the Danube River.

Muntenia closed the circle

The “Poenari Castle”, the residence of Vlad Tepes, inspired on Jules Verne in creating “Carpathian Castle”.

Bran Castle The legend says Bran Castle belonged to Count Dracula.

Peleş Castle Built between 1873 1914, in Sinaia, the castle was the residence of the kings.

Bucharest, The Little Paris .


The University Arc de Triomphe

The Art Museum of Romania, the former Royal Palace

Manuc’s Khan

CEC’s Headquarters

Simleu Silvaniei

Șimleu Silvaniei is a town in Sălaj County, Transylvania, Romania with a population of 16,066 people (2002 census). Is located near the ancient Dacian fortress Dacidava. Three villages are administered by the town: Bic (Bükk), Cehei (Somlyócsehi) and Pusta (Csehipuszta).

Simleu Silvaniei Simleu is famous in our region for its wines which have a specific acidity due to the special type of soil.

The Holocaust Museum

The Central Park

The centre of the town

The Town Hall

Báthory fortress 1435 is the last year when the stronghold from the Cetatea's hill near Șimleu Silvaniei is mentioned. Later Bátori Miklós builds a manor in the centre of the locality which between 1582 and 1592 is strengthened by the young Báthori István, nephew of Voivode Báthori István. Year 1592 as well as the damaged coat of arms of The Báthoris and The Bebeks is visible above the gate. The castle thus ends up as the property of The Rákóczis but after two years it is destroyed by the Turkish and Tartars. Being transformed in border city it isn't inhabited any more and its state is deteriorating, the process being accelerated by the war between the Kuruks and Lobonts. From the West side it left only the exterior gate and a part of the wall and the East wing two towers and two bastions of the exterior stronghold. The interior buildings were demolished. Above the main entrance the window decoration frame are decorated with serrated motifs, above them there are holes for shooting.

Măgura fortress

At north of Șimeleul Silvaniei, on the top of mountain Măgura was rising once the stronghold built by voivode Miklós, son of Meggyesi Móric, on a land which was the property of The Meggyesis since 1258. The stronghold is registered in documents in 1319 and ended up the property of The Bátoris branch family by alliance from Șimleu in 1351. It was probably destroyed in XVI century by the Turkish and it remained that way until nowadays. Only in two places the tracks of the stone wall can be seen and here and there the remains of the defense system beneath the ground as well.

Synagogue, Holocaust Museum In 1911 in Č˜imleu live 1444 Jewfishes and in 1944 a number of 1500 which are deported. The synagogue built in 1876. Hecht ZoltĂĄn survived the deportation and after the war he came back home but afterwards he emigrated in America. After the Revolution the Romania had retroceded the land and the synagogue which was on it. Today their son, Dr. Alex Hecht administers the inheritance. With the help of more organizations, Claims Conference as well, in the synagogue was arranged a holocaust museum. The projects do not stop here because the transformation of the synagogue into a cultural centre is intended. One of those who supports the idea is Elly Berkovits Gross another survivor of the holocaust and the one who wishes that through this museum to present to the young where can hatred between men leads. From the gathered donations the interior of the synagogue will be soon rebuilt.

Traditional architecture of an Orthodox monastery close to Simleu. The wooden churches of the region are part of UNESCO heritage

Romanian Educational System’s Description

• Education is compulsory between the ages of 6 and 16 years. • The official language for education is Romanian. • The national education system is organised into several levels of education: – Pre-primary education (children from 3 up to 5/6 years of age), – Primary education (children between the ages of 6/7 and 10), – Lower secondary education (pupils between the ages of 10 and 16 years), – Upper secondary education (pupils between the ages of 16 and 18 years), – Post-secondary education, – Higher education.

“Silvania” School

Our schoool was fonded on the 1st September 1888, and it was called „The school of the Romanian little girls�. At present, our school has over 750 students of all kind of ethnic groups that exists in our county, (Romanians, Gipsies, Hungarians, and Slovakians). Our students religion is varied, from orthodox (most of them), to greek-catholics, roman-catholics and baptists. Our school is endowed with 35 classrooms, 4 laboratories, a gym, an Information and Documentary Center, a logopedic room, psychology room, a consulting room, 2 sports grounds.

European Projects developed in our . school so far


2003-2006 De l’eau d’ici a l’eau de la

2009-2011 What’s the name

2011-2013 Roots and Wings

Autumn is greeting us in the parks, vineyards and orchards. We celebrate autumn in school‌

‌.in families

Our school organizes several special events specific to this season. Inter-county Math contest "Theodor Topan" named after the name of a mathematics professor who taught in our school few years ago.

Miss & Mister Autumn is a beauty contest, skills, creativity organized for pupils in the 5th grade. It is a way to wish them a warmly "Welcome!" among secondary school students.


The children have flags made by themselves parents are invited to take part at their children’s activities and people commemorate the heroes who died for our country.

Winter celebrations 6th December - St. Nicholas 20th December – St. Ignatius, the slaughter of pigs 24th December – Christmas Eve 25th December – Christmas 27th December – St. Stephen 31st December – New Year’s Eve, “Pluguşorul”, “Capra” 1st January – St. Basil, “Sorcova” 5th January – Epiphany Eve 6th January – Epiphany 7th January – Saint John

Saint Nicholas On the evening of 5th December children prepare their boots in which Saint Nicholas will put gifts. It is said that the saint is traveling with a donkey loaded with two baskets: one filled with candy and toys for good children and another with twigs for children who have not been good. He comes down the chimney and give children sweets or twig. The next morning the children find gifts left by Santa Claus in their boots.

Christmas Eve 40 days before Christmas, Advent begins during which people don’t eat meat or dairy products. Also during this period the Romanians do house cleaning. On the morning of 24th December until the lunch, groups of children between 5 and 14 years sing "Christmas Eve", a short carol sang to every home. In the evening, after leaving the church (at 18), groups of children go with "Star", a religious carols. The group bears a star, lit from behind with a candle, the star has in center a reproduction of the Nativity.

New Year's Eve New Year's Eve is also an important celebration in Romania. It's sometimes called Little Christmas. Traditionally a small, decorated plough called a 'Plugusorul' is paraded through the streets on New Year's Eve. It is meant to help people have good crops during the following year. On New Year's Day, children wish people a Happy New Year while carrying around a special bouquet called a 'Sorcova'. Traditionally, the Sorcova was made of twigs from one or more fruit trees like apple, pear, cherry or plum. They're put into water in a warm place on 30th November, so they hopefully come into leaf and blossom on New Year's Eve! Nowadays often a single twig of an apple or pear tree is used and it's decorated with flowers made from colored paper.

Epiphany 5th January – Eve of Epiphany Priest goes from house to house and sprinkles holy water in the house and the family. 6th January – Epiphany The priest sanctifies the water (aghiazma) and with it are sanctified all the waters of the earth. With the holy water are sprinkled the animals and is given to the sick people. Practiced on 6 January – the custom of cross recovering from the cold water, thus proving that the guys became men.

In the first day of March we have a gift (mărţişoare) for the one we love…..

In our school we organize every year an opening show presenting this kind of gifts.

The tradition in our country is to paint red eggs as a symbol of the resurrection of Jesus.

Every year in our school we organise Easter fair and the money that we get we donate to the foundation “Save the children� or to other institutions for children with serious illnesses, such as cancer.

In a word, ROMANIA!










OUR IMPESSIONS ABOUT THE PROJECT We loved everything about the Erasmus+ project, it was a great experience meeting such amazing students from Europe and we have made a lot of new friends which we intend on keeping in contact with. The project also helped us on improving our English.


Calendar – made by our students

Republic of Croatia


officially the Republic of Croatia, is

a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea. It borders Slovenia to the northwest, Hungary

to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro to the southeast, sharing a maritime border with Italy. •Capital:



Croatian kuna

•Population: 4.154 million

(2017) Eurostat

Country with beautiful nature National parks •Plitvička jezera •Kornati •Brijuni •Paklenica

•Sjeverni Velebit •Krka •Mljet •Risnjak

Cultural heritage Sinjska alka Bećarac Lacemaking Hart of Licitar‌

Croatian scientists and artists •

Nobel price for chemistry – Vladimir Prelog and Lavoslav Ružička.

Nikola Tesla was the most important inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, and futurist who is best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current electricity supply system.

Ruđer Bošković was a Croatian physicist, astronomer, mathematician, philosopher, diplomat, poet, theologian

Ivan Meštrović was the most prominent sculptor of Croatian modern sculpture

Dušan Vuković won an Oscar for best animated short in 1961 for Surogat ("Ersatz"), being the first foreigner to do it.

Marko Marulić Splićanin, in Latin Marcus Marulus Spalatensis and Italian Marco Marulo, was a Croatian poet and Renaissance humanist. He coined the term "psychology". He is regarded as the Croatian national poet and has been called the "crown of the Croatian medieval age" and the "father of the Croatian Renaissance"

Croatia – country of top sportsmen

Zadar – city with a soul Traces of continued settlement on the Zadar peninsula go back to th 10th and 9th cent. B. C. The position of Zadar has been rawn in thw oldest European geographical maps, a place where the greatest number of islands on the Eastern Adriatic can be found. The name Zadar can be found in the oldest European tourist guidebooks such as A journeY around the World from 1330.

Zadar is a city of universities, first Croatian novel, basketball, puppetry, photography, musical evenings and youth, a city of joy, brightness and amiability.

Croatian educational system

• Education system in Croatia starts as preschool education taking place in kindergartens. It is compulsory for all children. Children start attending it at the age of six and it lasts for a year. • Primary education is compulsory for all children and it lasts 8 years. It includes all children from 6 to 15. • After children finish Elementary school they enrol at Secondary school. Secondary education is not compulsory but most of the pupils enrol and finish it. We differ three types of Secondary education: Grammar, Vocational and Art school. • We differ general, language, classical, natural sciences – mathematics and sports Grammar schools. Grammar school education lasts for 4 years and finishes with Matura. Grammar schools prepare pupils for their further education in different fields.

• Vocational education lasts three or four years. If it lasts four years students are supposed to sit the final exam. Students who attempt to enrol at university are supposed to pass the Matura exam which equals the Grammar one. Vocational secondary education which lasts three years prepares students for the labour market i.e. industrial, hospitality and craft trades. • Secondary art schools include Fine arts, Musical and Dance schools.

Croatian educational system

• Croatian schools in numbers. There are 2125 Elementary and 750 Secondary schools in Croatia. Out of 750 Secondary the majority are Vocational schools numbering 457. There are 197 Grammar schools and 97 Secondary Art School. • Several inputs about pedagogic standard in Croatia. School year lasts minimum 35 weeks. Pupils have winter holidays which usually last three weeks, spring holidays which last 7 days and summer holidays which start at the end of June and last till the beginning of September. • The usual number of pupils per class ranges from 20 to 25, and the classes last 45 minutes. • We start a new curricular reform called "School for Life"


Vocational School for Tourism and Catering, Zadar • • • •

592 pupils 30 forms 71 emploies (60 teachers) 4 – year school programme (hotel and tourism technologist, hotel and tourism commercialist) • 3 – year school programme (chefs, waiters, confectioners, support cook and a support waiter) Website: School practise:

European projects and mobilities in HTUŠ, Zadar

2010. Visit in Lohmar – Gemeinschaftschaup tschule Lohmar 2010. - 2011. Střední škola potravinářská a služeb Brno 2011. COMENIUS In-Service Trining for Teachers and other Educational Staff 2013. Croatian VETPRO in catering 2013. Erasmus+ "The Tree Rings"

• •

2011., 2012., 2013. eTwinnig 2014. Discover European Taste (Croatia)“ – Leonardo da Vinci 2015. (28. 11. – 13.12. 2015.) Erasmus+ „INTEREX“ 2016. – 2018. Erasmus+ "HEALTHY FOOD CHOICES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE – HEALTHY FUTURE"!

European projects and mobilities in HTUŠ, Zadar

2016./2017. MEET ITALY – VET Mobility for employability Erasmus+ 2016./2017. Erasmus+ „CREATIVE PASTRY 1“ 2016. Blue SKILLS Project – Improving skills and knowledge through the integration of VET system for Blue Growth and Tourism Development

2017. – 2019. Erasmus+ Journeys Outline Youth (J.O.Y.) Br. projekta: 2017-1-RO01KA219-037340 • 2019.,2020. UP. „CookingTour@Zadar – Inovativno obrazovanje u ugostiteljstvu „ •


Extracurricular activities

DSD- Deutche Sprach Diplom

European projects and mobilities 1. 2010. Visit in Lohmar – Gemeinschaftschauptschule Lohmar 1. 2010. i 2011. Střední škola potravinářská a služeb Brno 1. 2011. COMENIUS In-Service Trining for Teachers and other Educational Staff 1. 2013. Croatian VETPRO in catering 1. 2013. Erasmus+ "The Tree Rings"

1. eTwinnig 1.

2011., 2012., 2013.


„Discover European Taste (Croatia)“ – Leonardo da Vinci

1. 2015. (28. 11. – 13.12. 2015.) Erasmus+ „INTEREX“ 1. 2016. – 2018. Erasmus+ "HEALTHY FOOD CHOICES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE - HEALTHY FUTURE"!

1. 2016./2017. MEET ITALY – VET Mobility for employability Erasmus+

1. 2016./2017. Erasmus+ „CREATIVE PASTRY 1“ 1. 2016. Blue SKILLS Project – Improving skills and knowledge through the integration of VET system for Blue Growth and Tourism Development 2017. – 2019. Erasmus+ Journeys Outline Youth (J.O.Y.) Br. projekta: 2017-1-RO01-KA219-037340 2019., 2020. UP. „CookingTour@Zadar – Inovativno obrazovanje u ugostiteljstvu „

Meeting in Zadar

• Cooking workshop • Cook and taste four countries • History and art lesson Museum of Ancient Glass

•Guided tour "Let s meet our city" (old city centre)

On island Pag • Entrepreneurship lesson Cheese production - Gligora Dairy Tour & Tasting • History and art lesson

Old city Pag • Agrotourism in Zadar County (Kolan) Visit to the family estate (Erasmus gala)

National Park Krka • National Park Krka •

Hiking through the nature

• Visit the Skradinski buk waterfall, the longest waterfall on the Krka River, is one of the best known natural beauties of Croatia • Visovac Island - monastery and museum • Skradin

Final day in Zadar • ICT workshop - Crosword Lab, • Student:s presentations • Sweet box

• Evaluation • Certificates

Project dissemination •22. 11. 2017. Dani otvorenih vrata Hotelijersko-turističke i ugostiteljske škole; predstavljeni Erasmus+ projekti; sudjelovali su učenici i nastavnici naše škole, novinari, predstavnici zadarske lokalne vlasti predstavnici Turističke zajednice (85 sudionika)

•01. 03. 2018. „Naši učenici vaši budući djelatnici“ – u Hotelijersko-turističkoj I

ugostiteljskoj školi održan je susret učenika i budućih poslodavaca prilikom kojeg je održana prezentacija triju Erasmus+ projekata, a među njima i projekta „Journeys Outline Youth“. Prezentaciju su održali učenici koji sudjeluju u projektu. (56 sudionika)

•09. 07. 2018. Zadarski list je u tiskanom izdanju objavio članak o TPM-u u Estoniji

25. 05. 2018. Izlaganje Erasmus+ putokazi, Danijela Riger-Knez, školska koordinatorica projekta, Županijsko stručno vijeće školskih knjižničara Zadarske županije. Ovom prezentacijom željelo se potaknuti kolege knjižničare da se uključe u Erasmus+, upoznati ih s načinima prijave i traženja partnera te prezentirati projekt „Journeys Outline Youth“. TbZxpsgC/ Facebook stranica: in Zadar 17. 05. 2019.

Project dissemination

Meeting in Zadar 06. 06. 2019.

Croatian Team Impressions about first meeting in Romania

„In Romania I was delighted with the kindness of people. We had many activities and workshop. We exchanged the history and tradition of our partner countries.We visited a tourist office, many historical monuments and a Holocaust museum. I particularly liked the creative art workshop and the workshop where we learned to dance the traditional dance of Romania. At a meeting in Romania, children and teacher prepared us a special surprice, a show presented by partner countries. At the end of the meeting each country was presented with traditional sweetness.“(Helena Kapović Magaš, teacher) „The trip to Romania was very fun and the best experience in my life. Every day was ful of activities which were very fun. I was impressed by hospitality of Romanian students and teachers. I hope I will have a chance to come back to Romania.“(Korina Stojanov, student) „When I was in Romania it was a new and fun experience. I really liked the fact how the people are kind and friendly. I had a lot of fun while dancing their traditional dance „hora“. I didn't like the part when we had to say our goodbays.“ (Dana Kata Šarić, student)

„Every Erasmus+ project and every new journey is one new and unforgettable experience. Trip to Simleu Silvaniel was no different. We learned a lot about keeping the history, tradition and customs, about the cooperation between school and local community, about hospitality and friendship.“ (Danijela Riger-Knez, teacher) „In Romania I was thrilled with kindness of people and their hospitality. I made friends and I'm so sorry that I can't see them often“ (Ana Sadovski, student) „This trip to Romania was the best experience in my life. Every day was interesting and fun. I was very impressed by kindness and hospitality of Romanian students and teachers. I'm glad that I meet new people and get new friends.“ (Paula Šestan, student)

„I really like this trip! Every day was filled with activities and workshops at school and in leisure time that we could use to meet the city and new friends. It was all I expected and there weren't things I was not happy with.“ (Marija Gržeta, student)

Impression about project from Romania „We were all sorry to say the last „Bye!” to our friends, but unfortunately we couldn’t move there, as we all wanted! Thank you for all, Croatian people! I am hoping to see you again and I want to have fun with you one more time!..Or two....or three times....or....why not five times?....:)” Mandiuc Daria, student

“This project helped me to discover new cultures, to see extraordinary places and make new friends. After a year I can say that I am proud to be a part of this project and now I can "design" a better world.” Marinkas Eleonora-Primary School Teacher

“This project helped me to overstep the bounds, practice my English and of course the most important thing it opened up for me new perspectives.” Lipo Angela, Silvania School Headmaster

“Erasmus+ Project offered me the opportunity to visit another country which has a lot of different things as compared to Romania. For example: culture, history, civilization and their way of organization. I'm very excited because I had the chance to meet new people, to discuss with them in English and in the same time to practice my own knowledge.” Mihaescu Teodora, student

“My stay in Estonia was un unforgettable experience that had a substantial impact on my personality and my social skills. Studying here gave me a new approach to the concept of self-development and enabled me to see spots on the map that I would have never been able to see otherwise.” Oros Vlad, student

„ food, a kind of different culture and nice things to picture and to shop....Great atmosphere, kind people, amazing school, sweet and funny kids.... They offered us a great week, full of culture, activities and fun! We’we learned how to work as a team, how to love eachother and moreover, we’we learned how to handle things on our own.” Oltean Rares, student

Erasmus Project is really the „one time experience" because I‘ve heard many different stories, I‘ve tried new foods, met new people, visited other cities. Besides, this opportunity allowed me to grow as a personality - now I feel myself more self-confidence, I improved my English speaking, I learned to be more independent and I think, that these features gained participating in the Erasmus project will help fight with bullying problem in schools.” Ghile Marioara, Science teacher

EPILOGUE ”Programmes such as Erasmus+ really bring a change to our country by spreading

democratic values, business know how and creating new development opportunities. After all, being European is not about the country you live in, it's about the values, your beliefs [and] your actions. Bringing together people from different countries, social backgrounds and with different abilities helps to build an environment of mutual understanding, tolerance and solidarity. It helps to challenge stereotypes. The programme is very intense and I really feel I’m learning a lot. But I’ve also had the chance to meet lots of international students and share experiences. This has definitely broadened my vision of the world and enriched my personality. Students who went abroad and learned a language have more possibilities. They can communicate in another language and deal with new situations, which are vital skills in all sectors. Erasmus+ does an enormous job in promoting openness and mutual understanding. The best way to challenge prejudices or to make people understand others is when they have a chance to meet or to cooperate together over reaching the same goal.” Pop Camelia, Project Coordinator

"The European Commission support for the production of this publication does not constitute an endorsement of the contents which reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsi-ble for any use which may be made of the information contained therein."