MARCH 10 TH CK SPARROW FARMS LTD. WWW.CKSPARROWFARMS.COM CAM, KERRIE, EMMA, JILL & JOSIE SPARROW CAM: 306-227-3607 | JOSIE 306-381-3607 VANSCOY, SK F A R M S SPARROW ltd CK 2 PM - FRIDAY - AT THE FARM - VANSCOY, SK ALVAREZ 620D Bull Sale SPARROWS
1:30 PM WEDNESDAY »»» AT THE FARM »»» 7 MILES WEST OF RIVERS, MANITOBA STOP BY THE FARM FOR A PEN TOUR ANYTIME MARCH ‘2322nd BULLS WITH NATURAL MUSCLE, LENGTH AND GROWTH DESIGNED TO SIRE CALVES FOR THE COMMERCIAL CATTLE PRODUCERS WHO get paid by the pound SHAWN & TANYA AIREY & FAMILY Rivers, Manitoba call or text Shawn: 204-724-8823 Tanya: 204-365-0850 email@example.com HTACHAROLAIS.COM THANK YOU TO K-COW RANCH AND FOOTPRINT FARMS FOR PURCHASING HTA BRED HEIFERS IN THE CHAROLAIS SUPERSTAR SALE Charolais Connection • February 2023 3
The Charolais Connection
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Ph 306-584-7937 • Fax 306-546-3942
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The Charolais Connection is mailed to over 8,000 cattlemen nationwide. Those cattlemen include all purebred Charolais breeders, buyers of purebred Charolais bulls from the past six years and all subscribers to the Charolais Banner.
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From the Field .......................................... 8 dans nos champs ....................................... 10 Canadian Charolais Association ......................... 16 De la Charolais Association Canadienne ................... 18 Profile – M&M Ranch .................................... 33 Charolais Success ...................................... 54 Herd Health ............................................ 60 Canadian Cattle Association News ........................ 66 Canadian Beef Breeds Council ........................... 68 Dry Conditions Can Be a Factor in Hoof Health and Lameness 72 Where’s the Beef? Part 3 ................................. 76 Where’s the Beef? Part 4 ................................. 79 Calendar of Events...................................... 91 Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 On the Cover … was taken at Pleasant Dawn Charolais Photo: Helge By Design: Tania Wolk Third Wolf Studio contents FEBRUARY 2023 • VOL. XL, NO. 1 Publication Number: 40047726 Charolais Connection • February 2023 4
HVA THREE THIEVES 66F Smooth made, eye appeal, calving ease, predictability High Bluff BULL & FEMALE SALE Friday, March 17, 2023, 2:00 p.m. at the farm - Inglis, MB Watch for pictures and a catalog coming soon O n Offer: 60 Charolais and Simmental bulls 20 Charolais and Simmental heifers Carman & Donna Jackson: 1-204-773-6448 Erin & Stephen: 1-204-821-4110 or 1-780-305-9196 www.highbluffstockfarm.ca CCC M ESCA l IT o 9038 Muscle, style and eye appeal SCX T RI uMpH 50B Undeniable presence and style, consistent, easy keeping, homo polled l CDR FAV oR 149F Attractive made, length of body, stacked pedigree SCX lEGIT 182G Structure, phenotype, depth of body MR l plAy MA k ER 36G Performance, dark red colour, attractive made, Focusing on raising cattle with performance and style while maintaining a good disposition and great haircoat. STOCK FARM Charolais Connection • February 2023 5
Trent & Ashley Hatch Box 132, Oak Lake, MB R0M 1P0 Trent 204-855-3078 Cell 204-721-3078 email@example.com 306-584-7937 Helge By 306-536-4261 firstname.lastname@example.org Sale Manager: Internet Bidding Available WE STRESS: Calving Ease • Maternal Strength • Structural Soundness • Performance Our goal is Customer Satisfaction Our yearling bulls are fed a growing ration to insure their healthy development while maintaining sound feet and legs. DELIVERY AVAILABLE Bulls can be kept until June 1 at no charge Call today for a catalogue or for more information View catalogue and videos online at www.pleasantdawn.com Selling 65 Yearling Bulls All are Polled Pleasant Dawn MVP 316Y x SVY Wizard 707E CE 10.1 BW -2.6 WW 48 YW 103 M 26 TM 50 BW 86 • Adj 205 695 TLJ 76K PleasantDawn Serenity 507G x CCC WC Resource 417 P CE 12.5 BW -2.9 WW 49 YW 93 M 27 TM 51 BW 87 • Adj 205 756 TLJ 521K Turnbull’s Full Moon 655F x Plesant Dawn SIDNEY20W CE 9.2 BW .2 WW 55 YW 102 M 22 TM 49 BW 97 • Adj 205 798 ASH 202K White Meadow Gringo 20G x PleasantDawn Optical 173F CE 14.6 BW -5.3 WW 48 YW 91 M 27 TM 51 BW 74 • Adj 205 763 TLJ 70K Charolais Connection • February 2023 6
2:00 PM At the farm, Bladworth SK Annual Bull Sale Velon & Leah Herback 306-567-7033 email@example.com Hunter Herback 306-561-8118 WATCH FOR VIDEOS MID-FEBRUARY ON DLMS & CHAROLAIS BANNER 2023 March 13 55 YEARLINGS 10 TWO YEAR OLDS 36K 873K 370K 922K S: TRI-N GO NORTH 2411H HOMO POLLED S: ELDER’S EMPEROR 8021F HOMO POLLED S: TURNBULLS DUTY-FREE 358D HOMO POLLED S: TURNBULLS DUTY-FREE 358D HOMO POLLED Charolais Connection • February 2023 7
I have driven across most of the Prairie Provinces in the past few weeks and the moisture conditions across the south are sure a lot better than they have been for a number of years. After the last few years of drought in some areas, let’s hope the moisture continues and we can get back to good growing conditions. There is still a large area that needs an early spring to make the feed stacks last to grass time or there will still be some shortages. It sounds like across Eastern Canada moisture is plentiful, so although sometimes a pain in the winter with mud, it sure is nice for growth in the summer.
There were many cows from the drought areas that went to market this fall and like the USA, the cow numbers in Canada are down. For those of you that are hanging in there, you will be rewarded with a strong cattle market for the next few years for sure. Congratulations to all of you that are still here.
The calf market this fall was very good for the quality Charcross calves with performance and the market for the next few years looked extremely bullish with the cow numbers in North America down.
Some of the stats coming out of the USA show that choice boxed beef prices are the highest they have ever been for the start of January, but fed cattle prices are still not as high as they were in January of 2015. Again, because of the drought down south, both fed cattle and feeder cattle numbers will be down substantially in the next few years, in the 4-5% range. This will put pressure on the packers to buy fat cattle and the feedlots to pay up for the feeder cattle that are available.
This will also mean higher prices for all consumers of beef, including the food service industry and grocers, but the record beef demand in the last couple of years should be able to absorb these higher prices. Some analysts are predicting that in the next couple of years we could see cattle prices higher than any time in the past.
Meanwhile in Canada, preliminary estimates put the Canadian Retail Beef Index for 2022 at 125 points, +3.8% from 2021. Domestic demand is the highest since 1988.
We have some pioneer purebred producers, but the commercial producer profile in this issue is about one who has
From the Field
been using Charolais for over 50 years. I hope you enjoy the read.
In this issue, you will also see many advertisements for some of the spring bull sales. Again, I encourage you to replace any bulls that aren’t doing a great job for you with the best bulls you can afford. Half of the genetics of your calf crop is from the bulls, so don’t scrimp on what can add so much value for you. You take pride in your cow herd, so continue to improve the quality that you are taking to town with good bulls. I will restate a great quote from a producer we did a profile on a few years back, “only a rich man can afford a poor bull.”
Now I am off to do some more picturing and touring bull pens for the spring sales. As we get into the bull sales, if Robbie Chomik or I can be of any assistance, please don’t hesitate to give us a call.
We are always happy to help in any way we can.
And again, all our Charolais Banner and Charolais Connection magazines for the past number of years are online for free at charolaisbanner.com. If you want to go back to read past articles in previous issues, this is where you will find them. On our website, you will also find a complete listing of all the Charolais sales across Canada and most of the Charolais bull sale catalogues and videos. We try to keep the sale news very current on our homepage, so check it out.
Until next time, Helge
8 POINTS TO PONDER
HANS & MARY MYHRE Dauphin, Manitoba C: 204-648-6416 myhrelandandcattle.com @Myhre_Hans Raising spring born two year old bulls with the Commercial Cattlemen in Mind! DH 40J DH 168J FEBRUARY 18, 2023 STE ROSE AUCTION MART Ste Rose Du Lac, Manitoba DENBIE RANCH & GUESTS BULL SALE DH 17J DH 97J Charolais Connection • February 2023
Highway21_FullPage_2023.indd 1 1/12/2023 11:11:11 AM Charolais Connection • February 2023 9
J’ai traversé la plupart des provinces des prairies au cours des dernières semaines et les conditions d’humidité dans le sud sont certainement bien meilleures qu’elles ne l’ont été depuis plusieurs années. Après les dernières années de sécheresse dans certaines régions, espérons que l’humidité continue et que nous puissions retrouver de bonnes conditions de croissance. Il y a encore une grande surface qui a besoin d’un printemps précoce pour que les hangars de foin et de grain durent jusqu’au temps de l’herbe, sinon il y aura encore des pénuries. Il semble que l’humidité soit abondante dans l’est du Canada, donc même si parfois en hiver la boue nous dérange, c’est certainement agréable pour la croissance en été.
De nombreuses vaches provenant des zones de sécheresse ont été mises sur le marché cet automne et, comme aux États-Unis, le nombre de vaches au Canada est en baisse. Pour ceux d’entre vous qui s’y accrochent, vous serez certainement récompensés par un marché de bétail solide pour les prochaines années. Félicitations à vous tous qui êtes encore là.
Le marché des veaux d’automne a été très bon pour les veaux Charcross (veaux croisés avec dominance Charolais) de qualité avec performance et le marché des prochaines années a semblé extrêmement haussier avec le nombre de vaches en baisse en Amérique du Nord.
Certaines des statistiques provenant des États-Unis montrent que les prix du bœuf en boîte de choix sont les plus élevés qu’ils n’aient jamais été pour le début de janvier, mais les prix des bovins gras ne sont toujours pas aussi élevés qu’ils l’étaient en janvier 2015. Encore une fois, en raison de la sécheresse dans le sud, le nombre de bovins gras et de bovins d’engraissement diminuera considérablement au cours des prochaines années, une approximation de 4 à 5 %. Cela incitera les abattoirs à acheter des bovins plus
Dans nos champs
gras et les parcs d’engraissement à payer pour les bovins d’engraissement disponibles.
Cela signifiera également des prix plus élevés pour tous les consommateurs de bœuf, y compris l’industrie de la restauration et les épiciers, mais la demande record de bœuf au cours des deux dernières années devrait être en mesure d’absorber ces prix plus élevés. Certains analystes prédisent qu’au cours des deux prochaines années, les prix des bovins pourraient être plus élevés qu’à n’importe quel moment dans le passé.
Pendant ce temps, au Canada, des estimations préliminaires placent l’indice canadien du bœuf au détail pour 2022 à 125 points, une hausse de 3,8 % par rapport à 2021. La demande intérieure est la plus élevée depuis 1988.
Nous avons quelques producteurs pionniers de pure race mais le profil du producteur commercial dans ce numéro concerne celui qui utilise le Charolais depuis plus de 50 ans. J’espère que vous apprécierez la lecture.
Dans ce numéro, vous verrez également de nombreuses publicités pour certaines ventes de taureaux du printemps. Encore une fois, je vous encourage à remplacer tous les taureaux qui ne font pas un excellent travail pour vous par les meilleurs taureaux que vous pouvez vous permettre. La moitié de la génétique de votre lignée de veaux provient des taureaux, alors ne soyez pas séraphin sur ce qui peut vous apporter tant de valeur. Vous êtes fier de votre troupeau de vaches, alors continuez à améliorer la qualité que vous apportez en ville avec de bons taureaux. Je vais reprendre une excellente citation d’un producteur sur lequel nous avons fait un profil il y a quelques années: “Seul un homme riche peut se permettre un taureau pauvre”.
Maintenant, je pars faire un peu plus d’images et de tournées de ferme pour les ventes du printemps. Alors que nous entrons dans les ventes de taureaux, si Robbie Chomik ou moi pouvons vous aider, n’hésitez pas à nous appeler.
Nous sommes toujours heureux d’aider de toutes les manières possibles.
Et encore une fois, tous nos magazines Charolais Banner et Charolais Connection des dernières années sont disponibles en ligne gratuitement sur charolaisbanner.com. Si vous souhaitez revenir pour lire les articles passés dans les numéros précédents, c’est ici que vous les trouverez. Sur notre site web, vous trouverez également une liste complète de toutes les ventes de Charolais à travers le Canada et la plupart des catalogues et vidéos de ventes de taureaux Charolais. Nous essayons de garder les nouvelles de la vente très à jour sur notre page d’accueil, alors jetez-y un coup d’œil.
À la prochaine fois, Helge
10 DES POINTS À RÉFLÉCHIR
Charolais Connection • February 2023
Indice Canadien de la demande de boeuf au détail
Helge By 306-536-4261 Sale Manager: Catalogue & videos online at www.bylivestock.com one month before the sale CALVED ON GRASS, OUR BUSINESS IS DEVELOPING TWO-YEAR OLD FRENCH INFLUENCED BULLS FOR PERFORMANCE WITHOUT COMPROMISING QUALITY Q-SELECT DNA TESTED AND BRED FOR PERFORMANCE WE TAKE THE GUESS WORK OUT FOR YOU. RANCH RAISED FOR RANCHERS DON’T TAKE A GAMBLE ON A BULL’S PERFORMANCE Charmark Ranches Charmark Ranches Leigh Marquess, Box 73, Gem, AB T0J 1M0 306-716-4594 Hit the mark with Charmark Bulls! Hit the mark with Charmark Bulls! THURSDAY, MARCH 30TH, 2023 • BROOKS, AB Join us for our 3rd Annual Bull Sale Join us for our 3rd Annual Bull Sale Charolais Connection • February 2023 11
Charolais Connection • February 2023 12
Charolais Connection • February 2023 13
Charolais Connection • February 2023 14
Charolais Connection • February 2023 15
CANADIAN CHAROLAIS ASSOCIATION
2320, 41st Avenue NE, Calgary, AB T2E 6W8 403.250.9242 F 403.291.9324 www.charolais.com @canCharolais www.facebook.com/cdncharolais
President: STEPHEN CHOLAK, Lamont Secretary: Deb Cholak, Lamont
President: JORDAN MOORE, Redvers
Secretary: Saskatchewan Livestock Asso., Regina MANITOBA
President: MICHAEL HUNTER, Roblin Secretary: Rae Trimble, Portage la Prairie
President: JOSH TAYLOR, Dunsford Secretary: Doris Aitken, Mount Forest
President: MARK FROST, Kingsey Falls Secretary: Chantal Raymond, Sainte-Eulalie
President: BRETT FRANCIS, Crapaud, PEI Secretary: Nancy Milton, Nine Mile Creek, PEI
General Manager: CRAIG SCOTT Registry: LOIS CHIVILO
Registry/Member Services: CASSIDY MATTHEWS French Membership: Bernard Dore 514-910-4935 • firstname.lastname@example.org
PRESIDENT: KASEY PHILLIPS Box 420, Waskatenau, AB T0A 3P0 780.358.2360 C 780.656.6400 email@example.com
1st VICE-PRESIDENT: SHAWN AIREY Box 639, Rivers, MB R0K 1X0 204.328.7704 C 204.724.8823 firstname.lastname@example.org
2nd VICE-PRES: RYAN NESBITT 17100 Cedardale Rd, Nestleton, ON L0B 1L0 905.242.2046 email@example.com
PAST PRESIDENT: MIKE ELDER Box 216, Coronach, SK S0H 0Z0 306.267.5655 C 306.267.7730 firstname.lastname@example.org
DARWIN ROSSO 78 325 4th Ave SW, Moose Jaw, SK S6H 5V2 306.693.2384 email@example.com
1717 County Rd 36, Dunsford, ON K0M 1L0 705.793.2576 C 705.760.5054 firstname.lastname@example.org
98 Rang St-Andre, St-Bernard Lacolle, QC J0J 1V0 450.246.9799 C 514.895.0829 email@example.com
JEFF CAVERS Box 237, La Riviere, MB R0G 1A0 204.242.3467 C 204-242-4448 firstname.lastname@example.org
LORNE LAKUSTA Box 37, Andrew, AB T0B 0C0 780.365.2079 C 780.719.0264 email@example.com
ROD McLEOD 293113 Twnshp Rd 263, Rocky View County, AB T4A 0N5 403.540.7986 firstname.lastname@example.org
FROM THE CANADIAN CHAROLAIS ASSOCIATION
How to Use Charolais EPD
The Canadian Charolais Association, on behalf of its members, invest in research into and conducting of genetic evaluations. These evaluations use the most up to date science available to calculate genetic differences between animals. A good recent example is the investment into incorporating genomic information into EPD.
This important investment is expressed and multiplied exponentially in commercial cow herds as Charolais genetics are multiplied out into the beef industry. Modern genetic evaluation is a powerful tool to help evaluate cattle and target specific breeding goals. While many commercial customers may rely on their seedstock supplier to advise them, it is also useful to have some understanding of how the evaluation works and how to use it.
In simplest terms, the evaluation makes comparisons of performance between animals that are managed together. In this way, we can eliminate environmental effects and get to the genetic differences between animals. We can then use the pedigree information to tie the cattle together like a giant spiderweb and improve the accuracy of comparisons. Finally, we can look directly at the animal’s DNA and add this valuable information into the puzzle to determine with even greater accuracy what genetics an animal contains relative to other cattle in the population.
Remember when we buy a bull, we are not actually interested in the bull’s performance, what we are interested in is how the calves are going to work out. We are also interested in how the bull we are buying compares
to the other choices we have. These differences are expressed as EPD or Expected Progeny Differences.
EPD are expressed in the units that a trait is measured in and show more or less relationships. For example, weaning weight (WW) is expressed in pounds of calf at weaning. If we are looking at two sires with WW EPD of 40 and 80, we would expect when they are mated to the same set of cows that “on average” the calves from the sire with the EPD of 80 would be 40 pounds heavier than the calves from the bull with an EPD of 40. In one commercial cow herd, the calves may weigh 600 and 560, and in another herd they may be 800 and 760, but on average the difference between the weaning weight of the calves will be 40 pounds.
It is important to remember that we don’t always need, or even want an animal that is above average for every trait. We don’t generally require super calving ease for use on mature cows, or high levels of milk if we are selling everything as a feeder calf. Additionally, if we do not have the environment to support extremely high levels of performance, we may not see the added benefits of higher EPD as our production system might not let our cattle fully express their genetic potential. For example, if a feeder calf has the potential to gain 6 pounds per day, but they are fed on a ration that only supports 1.5 pounds, no matter how great their genetics, they are unlikely to be able to express them. We will still see differences expressed between offspring of sires with different EPD.
Charolais Connection • February 2023 16 ..continued on page 18
EPD Herd A Avg WW Herd B Avg WW Bull A WW 80 600 800 Bull B WW 40 560 760 Difference 40 40 40
Philip & Marie Harty H 780.376.2241 C 780.385.5977 John & Myrna Rawe H 780.376.3598 C 780.679.7725 A LONG-STANDING PROGRAM Volume Bulls • Quality Genetics • Integrity and Customer Confidence RAWES RANCHES PERFORMANCE TESTED CHAROLAIS BULL SALE Tuesday, February 21, 2023 | 1:00 pm MST at the Ranch, Strome, AB We are available to meet with you any time for a tour of our bull pens at the Ranch, Strome, AB! Invest your time in viewing the bulls prior to the sale and take advantage of the comprehensive knowledge we have on each bull, along with our desire to provide personal assistance with your bull selection! We welcome your call! Charolais Connection • February 2023 17
TRAIT TRAIT DESCRIPTION UNITS
BW Birth Weight Describes genetic differences for progeny birth weight.
A larger number indicates heavier calves at birth.
WW Weaning Weight Genetic difference for progeny weaning weight.
A larger number indicates heavier calves at weaning. Lbs
YW Yearling Weight Genetic difference for progeny yearling weight. A larger number indicates heavier calves at one year of age. Lbs
M Milk Genetic difference for daughters’ progeny weaning weight due to their milk production (grandprogeny). A larger number indicates heavier calves from daughters at weaning.
TM Total Maternal Genetic difference for daughters’ progeny weaning weight due to their genes for milk and growth (grandprogeny). A larger number indicates heavier calves at weaning. Lbs
CE Calving Ease Genetic difference for unassisted calving of progeny. A larger number indicates easier calving (less assistance).
CWT Carcass Weight Genetic difference for progeny carcass weight in pounds.
A larger number indicates heavier carcasses. Lbs
REA Rib-Eye Area Genetic difference for progeny Rib-Eye area in square inches. A larger number indicates bigger rib-eye muscle. Sq. In.
FAT Fat Thickness Genetic difference for progeny backfat thickness at 12/13 rib. A larger value indicates fatter carcasses. mm
LY Lean Yield Genetic difference for progeny lean meat yield.
A larger number indicates more lean meat in the carcass and more yield grade 1 carcasses. %
MARB Marbling Genetic difference for progeny marbling score (quality grade) in marbling score units.
A larger number indicates more marbling. MSU
The average EPD for Yearling and 2 year old bulls
One other tool that CCA offers through their website is percentile rank. This is a rapid way to see where the EPD fit relative to other cattle in the breed. An example of the Percentile Rank Graph is shown in Figure 1. In this example we can rapidly see that the animal in question is high growth, low milk, with moderate birth weight.
Finally, if you are interested in using EPD in your sire selection, please visit www.charolais.com, as there are many good resources, or talk to your bull supplier about your needs. One of the services they can usually offer is to help you sort through genetics that are available to find cattle that best suit your needs. Have a great bull buying season.
FROM THE CANADIAN CHAROLAIS ASSOCIATION, CONTINUED FROM PAGE 16
BW WW YW M TM CE CW REA Fat LY Marb 0.5 45.3 87.3 21.0 43.7 6.0 17.7 0.45 0.69 1.04 0.25 Figure 1. Example of Percentile Rank
BWT WWT YWT SC MK CE MCE MWWT CW REA FAT MARB 35% 1% 1% N/A 100% 40% N/A 15% 1% 1% 95% 1% Percentile Rank =Below Avg =Average Avg 0 25 50 75 100 Charolais Connection • February 2023
PCC Browning 756E x Eaton’s General Lee 20015P P&H RANCHING CO. LTD. Corinne Parsonage • email@example.com 403-396-9694 & PH-Ranching CIRCLE G Garth Cutler • firstname.lastname@example.org • Lacombe,AB 403-304-0896 RED SIMMENTAL LOT 60 BLACK SIMMENTAL LOT 82 BLACK ANGUS LOT 102 RANCH HORSES 45 TWO-YR OLD CHAROLAIS BULLS 56 RED & BLACK SIMMENTAL YEARLING BULLS 28 BLACK ANGUS YEARLING BULLS 3 BLACK ANGUS TWO-YEAR OLD BULLS Take advantage of online bidding at: View the catalogue & videos at DLMS.ca or innisfailauctionmarket.com Charolais bulls have been ultrasound for carcass data. All bulls double vaccinated with Fusogard for footrot prevention. Selling 132 BULLS & 3 RANCH HORSES PH 57J P&H RANCHING CO. LTD. and CIRCLE G SIMMENTALS & ANGUS SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 2023 • 1:00 PM • INNISFAIL AUCTION MARKET Eaton’s General Lee 20015P x LT Persona 0328 P PH 71J PH 25J SIMMENTALS & ANGUS WITH RANCH HORSES PCC Fresh 527C x JSR Trophy 88T PleasantDawn Shadow 580F x Eaton’s General Lee 20015P PH 100J Charolais Connection • February 2023 19
Charolais Connection • February 2023 20
Charolais Connection • February 2023 21
Rod, April, Megan, Colby & Alyson McLeod Cochrane, Alberta
MCLEOD LIVESTOCK ANDERSON BRED HEIFERS February 22, 2023 • 1:00PM • Olds Cow Palace, Olds, AB Maury & Marla McLeod and family Claresholm, Alberta 403.625.0260 Scott Anderson Bowden, Alberta 403.507.1156 Yearlings 55 55 50 Simm-Angus first-calf heifers with char-cross calves will sell! all calves at side were born Dec. 26 to Jan. 10 new for 2023 new for 2023 Two Year Olds 5 5 Charolais Connection • February 2023 22
CML Thriller 21K Riddle CML Wind Chill 22K SIRE: SCX Jehu 233E DAM: CML Jewel 892F BW: 96 lbs Sept 28 Wt: 1140 lbs 100K TESTED ~ HETERO-POLLED SIRE: SCX Jehu 233E DAM: CML Jewel 889F BW: 86 lbs Sept 28 Wt: 1015 lbs 100K TESTED ~ HOMO-POLLED SIRE: RBM FARGO Y111 DAM: CML DESIRAE 558C BW: 104 lbs Sept 28 Wt: 1155 lbs 100K TESTED ~ HOMO-POLLED Charolais Connection • February 2023 23
CANADIAN CHAROLAIS ASSOCIATION
2320, 41st Avenue NE, Calgary, AB T2E 6W8 403.250.9242 F 403.291.9324 www.charolais.com @canCharolais www.facebook.com/cdncharolais
President: STEPHEN CHOLAK, Lamont Secretary: Deb Cholak, Lamont
President: JORDAN MOORE, Redvers Secretary: Saskatchewan Livestock Asso., Regina
President: MICHAEL HUNTER, Roblin Secretary: Rae Trimble, Portage la Prairie
President: JOSH TAYLOR, Dunsford Secretary: Doris Aitken, Mount Forest
President: MARK FROST, Kingsey Falls Secretary: Chantal Raymond, Sainte-Eulalie
President: BRETT FRANCIS, Crapaud, PEI Secretary: Nancy Milton, Nine Mile Creek, PEI
General Manager: CRAIG SCOTT Registry: LOIS CHIVILO
Registry/Member Services: CASSIDY MATTHEWS
French Membership: Bernard Dore 514-910-4935 • email@example.com
PRÉSIDENT: KASEY PHILLIPS Box 420, Waskatenau, AB T0A 3P0 780.358.2360 C 780.656.6400 firstname.lastname@example.org
1st VICE-PRÉSIDENT: SHAWN AIREY Box 639, Rivers, MB R0K 1X0 204.328.7704 C 204.724.8823 email@example.com
2nd VICE-PRÉSIDENT: RYAN NESBITT 17100 Cedardale Rd, Nestleton, ON L0B 1L0 905.242.2046 firstname.lastname@example.org
ANCIEN PRÉSIDENT: MIKE ELDER Box 216, Coronach, SK S0H 0Z0 306.267.5655 C 306.267.7730 email@example.com
78 325 4th Ave SW, Moose Jaw, SK S6H 5V2 306.693.2384 firstname.lastname@example.org
1717 County Rd 36, Dunsford, ON K0M 1L0 705.793.2576 C 705.760.5054 email@example.com
98 Rang St-Andre, St-Bernard Lacolle, QC J0J 1V0 450.246.9799 C 514.895.0829 firstname.lastname@example.org
JEFF CAVERS Box 237, La Riviere, MB R0G 1A0 204.242.3467 C 204-242-4448 email@example.com
LORNE LAKUSTA Box 37, Andrew, AB T0B 0C0 780.365.2079 C 780.719.0264 firstname.lastname@example.org
ROD McLEOD 293113 Twnshp Rd 263, Rocky View County, AB T4A 0N5 403.540.7986 email@example.com
DE LA CHAROLAIS ASSOCIATION CANADIENNE
Comment utiliser les ÉPD Charolais
L’Association Charolais du Canada, au nom de ses membres, investit dans la recherche et la réalisation d’évaluations génétiques. Ces évaluations utilisent la science la plus à jour disponible pour calculer les différences génétiques entre les animaux. Un bon exemple récent est l’investissement dans l’intégration de l’information génomique dans les ÉPD.
Cet investissement important est exprimé et multiplié de façon exponentielle dans les troupeaux de vaches commerciales, car la génétique charolaise est ainsi multipliée dans l’industrie bovine. L’évaluation génétique moderne est un outil puissant pour aider à évaluer les bovins et à cibler des objectifs d’élevage précis. Bien que de nombreux clients commerciaux puissent compter sur leur fournisseur de semences pour les conseiller, il est également utile de comprendre comment l’évaluation fonctionne et comment l’utiliser.
En termes plus simples, l’évaluation établit des comparaisons des performances entre les animaux qui sont gérés ensemble. De cette façon, nous pouvons éliminer les effets environnementaux et tenir compte des différences génétiques entre les animaux. Nous pouvons ensuite utiliser l’information généalogique pour relier les bovins entre eux comme une toile d’araignée géante et améliorer la précision des comparaisons. Enfin, nous pouvons examiner directement l’ADN de l’animal et ajouter cette information précieuse dans le puzzle pour déterminer avec encore plus de précision ce que la génétique d’un animal contient par rapport aux autres bovins de la population.
Rappelez-vous quand nous achetons un taureau, nous ne sommes pas réellement intéressés par la performance du taureau, ce qui nous intéresse est la façon dont les veaux vont performer. Nous nous intéressons également à la façon dont le taureau que nous achetons se compare aux autres choix que nous avons. Ces différences sont exprimées en ÉPD ou en Écarts prévus chez les descendants.
Les ÉPD sont exprimés en unités dans lesquelles le caractère est mesuré et démontre les relations entre les animaux. Par exemple, le poids au sevrage (PS) est exprimé en livres de veau au sevrage. Si nous considérons deux taureaux ayant des ÉPD de 40 et 80 du PS, lorsqu’ils sont accouplés à des vaches semblables, nous nous attendons à ce que « en moyenne » les veaux du taureau ayant un ÉPD de 80 seraient 40 livres plus lourds au sevrage que les veaux du taureau ayant un ÉPD de 40. Dans un troupeau de vaches commerciales, les veaux peuvent peser 600 lb et 560 lb, et dans un autre troupeau, ils peuvent être 800 lb et 760 lb, mais en moyenne la différence entre le poids au sevrage des veaux sera de 40 livres.
Les caractères publiés par sevrage Il est important de se rappeler que nous n’avons pas toujours besoin, ou même voulons un animal qui est au-dessus de la moyenne pour chaque caractère. Nous n’avons généralement pas besoin d’une facilité de vêlage sur les vaches adultes, ou de niveaux élevés de lait si nous vendons tout comme veau d’embouche. De plus, si nous n’avons pas l’environnement nécessaire pour soutenir des niveaux de performance extrêmement élevés, nous ne verrons peut-être pas les avantages
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ÉPD PS moyen Troupeau A PS moyen Troupeau B PS Taureau A 80 600 800 PS Taureau B 40 560 760 Différence 40 40 40
..continued on page 26
HEJ King Pin 1K TURNBULL’S HARD CORE 545H X LT RUSHMORE 4024 PLD BW: -5.9 WW: 47 YW: 91 Milk: 29 MTL: 53 adj yw:1296 HEJ Karate Kid 7K TURNBULL’S HARD CORE 545H X LT RUSHMORE 4024 PLD BW: -6.2 WW: 43 YW: 83 Milk: 30 MTL: 51 adj yw:1237 HEJ Kasper 10K MMM GARRISON 951G X MAIN LEDGER UP 51E BW: -4.5 WW: 49 YW: 95 Milk: 21 MTL: 45 adj yw: 1367 HEJ Killshot 26K MAIN PRECISION 45H X MAIN LEDGER UP 51E BW:-3.1 WW: 50 YW: 100 Milk: 27 MTL: 52 adj yw:1409 NINA Kingdom 41K RGP EVERGLADE 31G X LT AFFINITY 6221 PLD BW: -0.2 WW: 57 YW: 107 Milk: 20 MTL: 48 adj yw:1385 HEJ Kentucky Gold 59K TURNBULL’S GOLDEN BOY 227G X HEJ CHESTER 1C BW: -0.1 WW: 55 YW: 100 Milk: 18 MTL: 45 adj yw:1354 Friday, february 24, 2023 • 1:00 PM at the farm, innisfail, alberta Stop by the farm anytime prior to the sale to view the bulls at your leisure 18th Annual Bull Sale Charolais Connection • February 2023 25
CARACTÈRE CARACTÈRE DESCRIPTION
PN Poids de naissance Différences génétiques pour le poids à la naissance chez les descendants. Un plus grand nombre indique des veaux plus lourds à la naissance.
PS Poids au sevrage Différence génétique pour le poids au sevrage de la progéniture. Un plus grand nombre indique des veaux plus lourds au sevrage.
P1A Poids à 1 an Différence génétique pour le poids de la descendance à un an. Un plus grand nombre indique des veaux plus lourds à un an.
Lait Lait Différence génétique du poids au sevrage en raison de la production de lait (progéniture des filles). Un plus grand nombre indique des veaux plus lourds au sevrage chez les veaux des filles.
MT Maternel total Différence génétique pour le poids au sevrage de la progéniture en raison de ses gènes pour le lait et la croissance (progéniture des filles). Un plus grand nombre indique des veaux plus lourds au sevrage. Lb
FV Facilité de vêlage Différence génétique pour le vêlage non assisté chez la descendance. Un plus grand nombre indique un vêlage plus facile (moins d’assistance). Sans
CAR Poids de carcasse Différence génétique pour le poids des carcasses en livres chez les descendants. Un plus grand nombre indique des carcasses plus lourdes. Lb
SOL Surface d’oeilde-longe Différence génétique pour la surface de l’oeil-de-longe en pouces carrés de la progéniture. Un plus grand nombre indique un muscle d’oeil-de-longe plus gros.
Gras Épaisseur de gras Différence génétique pour l’épaisseur du gras dorsal de la descendance à la 12/13 côte. Une valeur plus élevée indique des carcasses plus grasses.
Rend Rendement viande maigre Différence génétique pour le rendement en viande maigre de la descendance. Un plus grand nombre indique plus de viande maigre dans la carcasse et plus de carcasses de catégorie 1.
Pers Persillage Différence génétique de la descendance pour le score de persillage (catégorie de qualité). Un plus grand nombre indique plus de persillage.
supplémentaires d’un ÉPD plus élevé, car notre système de production pourrait ne pas permettre à nos bovins d’exprimer pleinement leur potentiel génétique. Par exemple, si un veau d’embouche a le potentiel de gagner 6 livres par jour, mais qu’il est nourri avec une ration qui ne supporte que 1,5 livre, peu importe le niveau de sa génétique, il est peu probable qu’il puisse les exprimer. Nous verrons encore des différences exprimées entre les descendants de taureaux avec des ÉPD différents.
Un autre outil que l’ACC offre par l’entremise de son site Web est le rang centile. Il s’agit d’une façon rapide de voir où se situe l’ÉPD par rapport aux autres bovins de la race. La figure 1 présente un exemple de graphique du rang centile. Dans cet exemple, nous pouvons rapidement voir que l’animal en question est à croissance élevée, plus faible pour le lait, avec un poids à la naissance modéré.
Enfin, si vous souhaitez utiliser les ÉPD dans votre sélection de taureaux, veuillez visiter www.charolais.com car il y a beaucoup de ressources intéressantes disponibles ou bien parler à votre fournisseur de taureaux
de vos besoins. L’un des services qu’ils peuvent habituellement offrir est de vous aider à choisir la génétique disponible pour trouver les bovins qui conviennent le mieux à vos besoins. Bonne saison d’achat de taureaux.
FROM THE CANADIAN CHAROLAIS ASSOCIATION, CONTINUED FROM PAGE 25
Les ÉPD moyens pour le poids à un an et les taureaux de 2 ans sont : PN PS P1A Lait MT FV CAR SOL Gras Rend Pers 0.5 45.3 87.3 21.0 43.7 6.0 17.7 0.45 0.69 1.04 0.25 Figure 1. Exemple de rang centile extrait du site de recherche de l’ACC. BWT WWT YWT SC MK CE MCE MWWT CW REA FAT MARB 35% 1% 1% N/A 100% 40% N/A 15% 1% 1% 95% 1% Percentile Rank =Below Avg =Average Avg 0 25 50 75 100 Charolais Connection • February 2023 26
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Elder Charolais Farms 13th Annual Bull Sale 50 Yearling Bulls on Offer THURSDAY, MARCH 23RD, 2023 Elder’s Houlio 4H x Gerrard Pastor 35Z BW 100, Sept 23 WW 905, 365 DW 1,516 Hair, Length, shape, top, performance Homo Pld, Complete Package Elder’s Houlio 4H x HVA Baron 483D BW 100, Sept 23 WW 850, 365 DW 1,362 Homo Pld, length, hair, performance Elder’s Houlio 4H x Grant’s Playboy 3X BW 106, Aug 27 WW 825, 365 DW 1,352 Homo Pld, eye appeal, heavy haired, big hipped Maternal brother to Emporer, Platinum,Jake and Jasper. Elder’s Houlio 4H x Grant’s Playboy 3X BW 102, Aug 27 WW 840, 365 DW 1,422 Dbl Pld, big time performance, length and hair Maternal brother to Emporer, Platinum, Jake and Jasper. Sale Manager: Helge By 306-536-4261 firstname.lastname@example.org www.bylivestock.com Sale broadcast live • Free Delivery up to 200 km before May 1/2022 or Take home Sale Day & Deduct $100 • Many bulls - Homo Polled • Some Red Factor • Guaranteed ELDER’S KINGPIN 2114K ELDER’S COMMODORE 281K ELDER’S NAVIGATOR 271K ELDER’S KAPITAN 2102K Charolais Connection • February 2023 30
Ron & Donna Elder 306.267.4986 C 306.267.7693 email@example.com Mike & Judy Elder C 306.267.7730 Box 37, Coronach, SK S0H 0Z0 Mike Elder @ElderElderly VISITORS WELCOME ELDER’S KABARET 282K Coffee is on. Feel free to stop in and view the bulls. Attention All Breeders: Meeting Our Customer Needs is Our Priority Performance, Power, Punch WCR Commissioner 593 P X Wrangler Pretty Lady 98C BW 97, Sept 23 WW 760, 365 DW 1,394 Dbl Pld, style, deep, hip, top Maternal brother to Houlio and Kapone JWX Honky Tonk 5005H x Pro-Char Slugger 49D BW 91, Sept 23 WW 837, 365 DW 1,407 Homo Pld, length, middle, style CML Raindance 996G x Elder’s Vexour 8042F BW 101, Sept 23 WW 856, 365 DW 1,431 Homo Pld, moderate, huge ribbed, thick JWX Honky Tonk 5005H x WCR Commissioner 593 P BW 104, Sept 23 WW 825, 365 DW 1,363 Homo Pld, stylish, bold ribbed, long sided Dam is a full sister to Elder’s Vexour 8042F www.eldercharolais.com ELDER’S MCENROE 2148K ELDER’S RAINDROP 238K ELDER’S KOKO 257K THE POWER SOURCE Charolais Connection • February 2023 31
BULL SALE FEB 25th, 2023 | AT THE FARM WASKATENAU, AB Kasey, Arlana, Kord & Peri Phillips PO Box 420, Waskatenau, Alberta T0A 3P0 | Canada Kasey's cell 780-656-6400 Kord's Cell 780-650-2364 House 780-358-2360 KAY-R CHAROLAIS Please feel free to contact us with any questions, we always enjoy the opportunity to chat with fellow cattlemen. CALVING EASE WEANING WEI S SOUNDNESS DISPOSITION 1225K CEDARLEA TAPADERO 17G X M6 GRID MAKER 104 PET 24K KEYS JAXSON 151B X KAYR RICO 26F CE 5.4 // BW 0.8 // MTL 48 26K WCR COMMISSIONER 593 P X ELDER’S AMIGO 98E CE 11.9 // BW -3.2 // MTL 41 CE 7.3 // BW 1.4 // MTL 51 Charolais Connection • February 2023 32
50 Years of Charolais Premiums
M&M Ranch is a family operation in its 120th year and the fourth generation of Patons are now involved. In all the 120 plus years, they were never without a broke team on the farm. For many years, their ads contained the slogan “There’s a place in every farm for a team.” The M&M stands for Melvin and Morris Paton, two brothers that worked together. Now Mel and Donalee and their two sons and families run the operation. Mel and Donalee have been married 58 years.
Curt and Cathy have three boys and they each have a sister. Curt likes to jest and laugh when he tells us they have four children. Tyson is their oldest son and he team ropes and works as a journeyman welder at the mine in Estevan. Connor is also a journeyman welder, but he is involved in the operation fulltime. Kaden works for Precision Ag for Cargill doing crop inputs. Carly is in post-secondary education in Kelowna studying to become a dental assistant.
Curt looks after all the livestock and the paperwork that goes with them. Curt’s wife Cathy continues to teach in Carnduff, where she has taught for 28 years. Clint is the Fire Chief and a Councillor. He does the cropping and accounting part of the operation.
Charolais Connection • February 2023 33
PROFILE – M&M RANCH
Photos supplied by M&M Ranch
Barrett farms and works in the oilfield. McKenzie, Barrett’s wife is a lab tech and x-ray technician in the local hospital. Clint and Sonja have a daycare for dogs and have been turning people away. Covid saw everyone get a dog and now that everyone is back to work, there aren’t enough places to take them during the day. Clint has three stepchildren, Griffin, Gracee and Graydon and they have been actively doing chores around their school schedules.
Ernie Hansen came to Canada in 1951 from Germany and became one of the Paton family. He worked with them and lived with them until he retired and moved to town. He just couldn’t give it up. When they were combining, he was there to drive a truck. Whenever something was happening, he wanted to be a
part of it. He came for coffee every Sunday until he passed a week before his 91st birthday. Mel commented that Ernie never worked for us, he worked with us. He was one of the family.
Donalee plays an active role in the operation with meals, snacks and a table to plan the daily activities. She also participates in some community activities. Last summer she competed in the 55+ games as a bowler. Her team was in the 75+ category and qualified for nationals in Prince Albert. In Kelowna, they won the gold medal. Curt teases her that they were lucky to pass the drug test, as there must be a lot of toxicology in the 75+ category. There is a lot of humour in the house and it is enjoyed by all.
The M&M operation has three facets, but this article focuses predominantly on the Horse operation and the Cow/Calf operation.
34 Charolais Connection • February 2023
Clint’s daughter, Kristie, is on the West Coast. Taylor
for Nutrien and
Clint and Sonja and family, with Donalee and Mel
Curt and Cathy and family
STOP IN FOR A TOUR OF THE BULL PEN DARREN 204-768-4515 JOHN 204-302-0687 SHILOH 204-768-0321 BOX 1, STEEP ROCK, MB R0C 2Y0 THE COMMERCIAL CATTLEMEN Ashern (MB) Auction Mart SCX 8J Polled • 82 lb BW • -1.3 BW • 68.07 %LMY MAIN Sedona 1G x Cedarlea Maserati 1E SCX 12J 3rd Gen Pld • 98 lb BW • 816 lb WW • Top 2% WW & 1% YW MAIN Eldorado 45G x SCR Triumph 2135 SCX 184J 4th Gen Pld • 102 lb BW • 873 lb WW • 1418 lb YW • 17.85 REA MAIN Eldorado 45G x Harvie Trigger 15Y SCX 204J 92 lb BW • 883 lb WW • 1522 lb YW • -1.1 BW • Top 4% YW MAIN Eldorado 45G x SCX Triumph 2135 SCX 143J 4th Gen Pld • 105 lb BW • 1379 lb YW • Top 4% YW • 19.18 REA MAIN Eldorado 45G x SCX Triumph 22B SCX 72J Dbl Pld • 86 lb BW • 1379 lb YW • Top 2% WW & 1% YW 4.2 Marbling • 68.08 %LMY MAIN Eldorado 45G x KCM Stetson 175Y Charolais Connection • February 2023 35
M&M Ranch Horse Operation
M & M Ranch started in the PMU business in 1966 when it started. Mel Paton was at the first meeting. There used to be seventeen people with contracts in their area, but they and Boyes Quarter Horses are the only ones left. “In 2002, there was a health scare that it caused cancer, but it was kind of a flawed study, but it is what ruined the business,” Curt Paton explains. “It is a smaller market. The dosage went down to a fraction of what it was and the company had a bunch of inventory. Then Pfizer bought the company and is just trying to use up inventory, of which they keep extending the shelf life. They need some fresh stuff to mix with what they have, but it has led to more cancelled contracts.
M & M used to collect for twentyfour weeks, now they only collect for five weeks.
They have 81 mares online, but they were once at 164 mares. They fixed the barn to meet the new health standards and had 124 mares on
line five years ago, then their contract got diminished. Inspections and regulation changes happen all the time. There is a lot more paperwork now. There were people who built facilities based on their contract and when they lost the contract and they also lost their operation because of it.
“Back in 1999, when I got my contact, the sky was the limit. I either went to university or made $100,000. When you are 19, the choice is easy, looking back I might have changed a few things,” Curt says. “It isn’t like a dairy contract where you have something to sell. The people that tried to sell their farms, found the barns were more of a liability than an asset.”
There are four PMUs in Saskatchewan and fourteen in Manitoba. Production outside Saskatchewan and Manitoba was discontinued all at once. The selection process seemed very random.
“Dad always said if you have to feed a horse, you better feed a good one. We have a breeding program and a market for colts. You must show that you are trying to market and raise better stock, the bar is always being raised,” adds Curt.
36 Charolais Connection • February 2023
A mare they sold
“We went to a purebred herd of Belgians and have one of the largest herds in North America,” shares Mel.
David, Kristina, Kendall & Marshall Prokuda 780-932-1654 firstname.lastname@example.org • www.prochar.ca 12th Annual Bull Sale SUNDAY, FEB 26, 2023, 1:30 PM glenevis , ab OFFERING 45 YEARLINGS, 5 TWO-YEAR OLDS LARGE OFFERING OF HEIFER BULLS FOR ANY BREED OF CATTLE Great White x Double Tree Diamondback X Anchor PROK 57K Shooter x Whiplash PROK 59K Great White x Allie PROK 36K Great White x Allie PROK 35K Diamondback x Sandstone PROK 60K PROK 47K DAM - PROK 136D Charolais Connection • February 2023 37
“If you are going to raise horses, you really can’t afford to do it without a PMU contract. There is a large market in the United States. We sell a lot for showing and to the Amish, but everybody is 23 hours from us. We advertise some but I spend a lot of time on the phone. We consign to some select sales and that helps keep our operation visible and our horses in demand. This year we broke a filly, showed her in a futurity and then sold her in Topeka, Ohio. She won $5,000 in prize money, which covered her training. In the horse business that is called a win. It is like the cattle business, if you want to win, you have to hire a good fitter and show them properly. This horse went to two different trainers. She brought $30,000, which is good for the horse business. It is getting more like the cattle business with more embryos and semen trading hands,” affirms Curt. “We also still sell teams of horses to people who prefer to
utilize them to do their chores.”
They have to be microchipped, paired up, broke, pictured, verified, and money sent before they go. We use a trucker that deals specifically with horses to help ensure they arrive in good condition. We used to show, but there are just no shows left. We always used to show at Agribition. We took horses to a sale in Pennsylvania fifteen years ago and they are still calling to see if we will come back.
The mare we sold for $30,000 was purchased for a man’s daughter. She wanted to show her and there are lots of cart classes there. He bought a horse for his daughter, and I used the money to buy a car for our daughter so she could go to college. There is a difference in the demographic of the business down there.”
“Over the years, it has been good for us, there were years where it saved us,” Mel adds.
38 Charolais Connection • February 2023
Paton’s Sundays Mya was marketed in Ohio
Breaking younger horses
“We sell our breeding and working stock to Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, North Dakota, Ontario, Alberta and BC.
39 ROSS LAKE CHAROLAIS OPEN HOUSE & PRIVATE TREATY BULL SALE 24 TWO-YEAR OLD AND YEARLING BULLS FULL FRENCH & FRENCH INCLUENCED POLLED & HORNED 2 pm Open House with snacks and refreshments, with bulls penned for viewing 4 pm Bulls go up for sale Saturday, February 18th, 2023, at the farm, Stettler, AB Byron & Linda Wilkie & family • C 403.740.5247 email@example.com • Stettler, Alberta Annual Bull Sale FEBRUARY 18, 2023 www.jackauctiongroup.com Buddy Prouse 306-269-7545 Darrell Prouse 306-272-7411 firstname.lastname@example.org Invermay, SK Watch our Facebook page for updates and details! “ THE SALE RING IS OUR SHOW RING” 0.5 page Connection 2023.indd 1 2023-01-09 5:53:38 PM Charolais Connection • February 2023
“We try to keep 500 females; we have three sections and a quarter at Roche Percy that is native prairie. Everybody tells you there is no money in cattle, but you can’t farm that land, so you have to have cattle. I have always had cattle,” explains Mel.
“It is all one big pasture, but it has PFRA fence on three sides, as we border the Old Coal Fields PFRA pasture, which is really nice” adds Curt.
“The river runs right through it so there is always water. The only bad part is that it is 50 miles from home. Now there are 11 oil wells on it providing surface rights. With the good comes the bad. Now we have foxtail, weeds, traffic, roads, people. Before we just had a pasture, which was better,” continues Mel.
They start calving at the first of April and they calve on the range close to home. They try to have the majority of them calved by the end of April before the mares start foaling in May. The bulls are turned out in mid-June and are left out until fall. They run eight bulls and check on them weekly. It is time consuming because of the distance, but they also use a drone to check on things.
It saves a lot of time. They also use the drone to push the cows out of areas that are tough to get to because of the river. Cross-fencing is in the plan for the future to keep the cows rotating through the area. There are some areas they would overgraze and some they would leave if you don’t move them when necessary.
The cowherd base is Charolais. Mel started out
40 Charolais Connection • February 2023
M&M Ranch Cow/Calf Operation
If there is one bull that is not with the herd, you can find him with the drone and go right to him to check on him.
The Oram Family Mark & Deb • 306-796-7513 Nigel & Lindsay • 306-796-7725 Dane & Kirsten • 306-510-4571 Box 386, Central Butte, SK S0H 0T0 email@example.com • Valley’s End Charolais Ltd. www.valleysend.ca By Private Treaty A Sample of the Offering Visitors always welcome, stop in for a tour! VAL-END KEANU 8K (HOMO POLLED) LAE Huckleberry 8H x PleasantDawn Mobile 103F Calving Ease Bull, -3.5 BW, 29 M VAL-END KRUZ 11K (HOMO POLLED) PleasantDawn Mobile 103F x Pleasant Dawn Ledgen 20C Minus BW, Top 10% YW & 5% M VAL END ATTRACTION 39K (POLLED/S) Hemingford Next Direction N64 x PleasantDawn Mobile 103F New Zealand Outcross Top 30% WW, 25%YW, 10% M, 5% TM Charolais Connection • February 2023 41
Onlinebiddingavailable @ dlms.ca Kyle & Kiersta Nish h: 403-653-2021 c: 403-448-0480 firstname.lastname@example.org SALE MANAGED BY Wright Livestock Marketing Jon Wright: 306-807-8424 Zane Anderson: 306-640-5044 email@example.com Charolais Connection • February 2023 42
HOMO POLLED • BW 94 LB CE BW WW YW M TM 12.8 - 4.3 55 109 22 50 PLEASANT DAWN MVP 316Y x LT LEDGER 0332 P TURNBULL’S KNOCKIN BOOTS 604K HOMO POLLED • BW 107 LB CE BW WW YW M TM 3.5 0.9 52 104 25 51 HIGH BLUFF HEAD LINER 147H x ZWB PLEASANTDAWNLEDGER34B TURNBULL’S KICKER 14K HOMO POLLED • BW 101 LB CE BW WW YW M TM 6.2 - 0.2 64 112 21 53 CEDARLEA YELLOWSTONE 184H x STEPPLER BLUE PRINT 64C TURNBULL’S KNOCKDOWN 43K HOMO POLLED • BW 102 LB CE BW WW YW M TM 3.8 - 0.8 56 101 20 48 C2 PHAROAH 79F x CEDARLEA BOURBON 93B TURNBULL’S KNIGHTHOOD 755K HOMO POLLED • BW 87 LB CE BW WW YW M TM 9.2 - 2.3 58 104 17 46 CEDARLEA YELLOWSTONE 184H x MVY ALL SHOOK UP 18C TURNBULL’S KARSON 89K HOMO POLLED • BW 100 LB CE BW WW YW M TM 6.7 0 66 126 23 56 PLEASANT DAWN MVP 316Y x ELDER’S HERNANDEZ 17E TURNBULL’S KEEPSAKE 143K FOR CATALOGUE AND VIDEO OF THE BULLS! CONTACT US TO GET ON THE MAILING LIST TURNBULL CHAROLAIS Curtis & Nanette Turnbull & Family 403-627-4535 :: (c) 403-627-6951 firstname.lastname@example.org A&L ROBBINS RANCHING LTD. Alvin & Lorraine Robbins & Family 403-627-7398 SATURDAY, MARCH 4TH, 2023 TURNBULL CHAROLAIS SALE BARN, PINCHER CREEK, AB TURNBULL CHAROLAIS & GUESTS 3rd Annual Bull Sale Jon Wright :: 306-807-8424 Zane Andersen :: 403-640-5044 SALE BROADCASTED BY Guest Consignors CHAR-LEW RANCH Brant & Renita Lewis & Family 403-627-9412 Stay tuned 100 CHAROLAIS, RED & BLACK ANGUS YEARLING & TWO-YEAR OLD BULLS Selling over Charolais Connection • February 2023 43
with Shorthorn cows but he got a Charolais-Brahma bull to use on them one year. He laughs that he would never use a bull like that today, but they were successful. They marketed the calves in North Dakota.
He followed that bull with ten Sam sons from Coheens in 1959. Mel took an A.I. course so he could breed the Sam heifers Charolais. He always used French semen. His cowherd was built from this foundation and they worked for him. They weren’t without problems in those early days, but the calves were so improved, they had to continue with Charolais.
“There are good cattle in every breed, but it is what you make it. We had a market for those kinds of cattle and we kept it up.
The buyers have orders for them because of the feeders’ success with them. In the fall of 2021, our 760 lb steers brought $.16 over market price,” says Mel.
“We used to calve in February, but when the mares were online, it was just too much. If you can’t look after it, don’t do it. We could probably calve earlier now as the mares are offline by
“At one time, black was the only way to go, but we never followed any trends. We ended up with 35 black influenced calves one year when a bull got out of a neighbouring pasture. We kept some of the heifers, but it didn’t work out that well. We just never had enough to make a package and we lost a lot of hair. If we used a Red Angus bull, we would still get buckskin calves and they could make a package. There is enough performance in our Charolais cows that they can make up the difference for the easy-calving Red Angus in the calves.” They did use Salers bulls on their heifers until it became hard to find good bulls. The progeny made good cows with longevity and big frames.
They had a bunch of purebred Charolais cows and felt they needed to bring the frame down a bit and inject some colour. They bought a couple of Simmental bulls to breed the majority of the purebreds. This year
44 Charolais Connection • February 2023
of the trade
The phone starts ringing in October asking us when we are bringing our calves to town.
LOUBER FARM Kaven & Caroline Bégin 418-386-3604 • C 418-386-0184 email@example.com Sale broadcast online at liveauctions.tv Find us on Facebook Badg CMYK Ferme Louber We will organize trucking to central points in Canada for minimum cost and maximum of $300 View the catalogue and videos online in mid-February at www.louberfarm.com LOUB 1303J LOUB PROOF X REMINGTON LOUB 1270J TRIUMPH 2135 X GEDDES LOUB 1322J HTA DEFENDER X SYNERGY 41X LOUB 1310J HTA DEFENDER X HEISMAN LOUB 1292J HTA DEFENDER X ZEAL Charolais Connection • February 2023 45
they bred the second calvers to the Simmental bulls. They will be keeping some good tan replacements so they can breed them Charolais again.
“We don’t usually buy replacements, but when BSE hit, I had two neighbours with 40 and 60 cows that offered them to me. I said sure. They were good cows and were all bred Charolais. We just sold one of those cows this year. Also in 2003, the auction mart called as a guy brought in twenty cows and they had no buyer. I bought them too and averaged $400,” says Mel.
“That’s another reason we have Charolais. There is salvage value in a 1600 pound cow versus a 1000 pound cow,” says Curt.
“We have been buying lots of bulls from a Charolais breeder we found because we were driving by and saw his sign. We drove in and started talking and we liked his product. Then Helge By goes there and has a sale and the price jumps $1500. Did we ever curse you (Helge) that day.” Curt and Mel laugh. “It’s good for the breeder, but we were pretty frustrated. There are good cattle in any breed but you have to promote them.
You have to look after them.”
They like to have a bit of French in the bulls and they definitely pay attention to disposition. Their cows don’t see people much for a large part of the year and having quiet dispositions definitely makes a difference.
Birth weights are not a high priority for them. They aren’t afraid of a 110 pound birth weight. “Birth weights don’t mean anything, it’s how they are built,” exclaims Mel. Curt adds, “if you have a 1,600 pound cow, she should be able to have a decent sized calf.”
They select for bone, hair and at least 100 lb birthweight, as they want performance. Horns are not a selection criterion. They know you can buy a 110 lb birthweight horned bull for at least a $1,000 less than a 98 lb birthweight polled bull, and that will buy a lot of dehorning paste. They used to weigh all their calves, but they don’t anymore.
They grain 3000 acres of oats, barley, wheat, peas, corn and some canola for cash.
They do a quarter of corn and a quarter of barley for silage. The corn yields about double what the barley does in their area.
46 Charolais Connection • February 2023
Mel watching M&M steers sell
M&M steers at the market
“If you feed properly, a 1600 pound cow doesn’t cost you anymore to feed than a smaller cow,” says Mel.
SOUTHLAND BULL SALE Friday ▪ March 3, 2023 ▪ 2:00 PM Heartland Livestock Swift Current, SK Southland Pulse 44K ▪ CAD 44K Feb. 25, 2022 ▪ Reg # MC834598 Southland Bellringer 38K ▪ CAD 38K Feb. 17, 2022 ▪ Reg # MC834596 Southland Serenity 5K ▪ CAD 5K Jan. 4, 2022 ▪ Reg # MC834579 Southland Prophet 64J ▪ CAD 64J Oct. 28, 2021 ▪ AICA # EM969375 Southland Cowboy Science 40K ▪ CAD 40K Feb. 21, 2022 ▪ AICA # EM969534 Chris Poley: 306-220-5006 Shane Michelson: 403-363-9973 Ben Wright: 519-374-3335 Shane Castle: 306-741-7485 Mark Forsyth: 306-784-7844 SOUTHLAND ANGUS • CHAROLAIS Shane & Lexi Cadieux Shane cell 306-297-7781 Lexi cell 306-294-8877 Cole cell 306-294-8334 firstname.lastname@example.org Sired by: JMAR Benaiah 1E66 Sired by: SVY Bellringer 952G Sired by: SVY Bellringer 952G Sired by: Pleasant Dawn Serenity 507G Sired by: JMAR Benaiah 1E66 Southland Guarantee 20K ▪ CAD 20K Jan. 21, 2022 ▪ Reg # 2250487 Sired by: Crawford Guarantee 9137 Charolais Connection • February 2023 47
“I have raised cows for 75 years. With cows, you always have something to sell and there were more years where the cows were more profitable than the grain. There were lots of years when we didn’t have enough quota to sell the grain and pay the bills,” says Mel. “My Dad died when I was 13 and that’s when I started.”
“This generation doesn’t understand that as there is no quota system anymore. Grain is easy and nobody wants to do the work or spend the time that livestock takes,” adds Curt.
They cold wean everything and the steers go right to town. They normally feed the heifers until April, but with the shortage of feed last year they sold most of them too. They only kept 70 and cut them down to 50. By feeding them through the winter, it gives them a better opportunity to choose successful replacements. In April, they are sold as grassers through the market. They have always marketed at Alameda and their buyers know it. Most of their calves go to Ontario. The heifers sell at 850900 pounds and they feel they get as much as steers at that time of year.
They vaccinate the cows and Curt tags, dehorns and treats the calves nasally at birth. They use an 8-way and an IBR. The calves also get scourguard. The replacements get vaccinated in the fall. Since they started a vaccination program, they have far less sickness. All the steers are knife-cut before they go to grass. It is something the buyers appreciate. “If you have the time to buy all the calves that come into the mart with belly-nuts, take them home and clean them up. There is money to be made. Doing the work
that nobody wants to do,” says Curt.
Not all calves are branded, only the females that stay in the herd.
Their calves are too big and everything gets run through the chute. They have their own pot, so they can pasture sort them in pairs and make two trips in a day.
“We decided to handfeed our heifers last fall. I carried a lot of five-gallon pails to them twice a day and they got really quiet.
I did too by night,” laughs Curt. “We used to joke that we hated it when the pails changed from metal to plastic because we couldn’t kick dents in them so Dad wouldn’t give the horses so much feed.”
We used to feed 300 cows with square bales. I don’t know how we had the time to get everything done. We hauled them out with a team. I say we work half days in the winter from six to six. We work 3/4 days in the summer when we work from six to twelve,” Curt laughs.
Mel adds, “you have to work on a schedule or you don’t get anything done.”
They keep their bulls until they are six or seven. We like to keep young bulls coming along to mix with the old bulls. The hills they pasture on are hard on the older, heavier bulls. All the bulls are wintered on 60 acres together. They don’t have trouble with fighting unless there is a Red Angus one in the pen.
In 2018, the Saskatchewan Charolais Association awarded M&M Ranch with the Commercial Breeder of the Year Award. It’s an award they deserved and were honoured to receive.
Charolais Connection • February 2023 48
10th Anniversary Sale 120 BULLS ON OFFER 30 CHAROLAIS 40 RED ANGUS 50 BLACK ANGUS ScottStockFarm.com TURNBULLS DISTINCT 339D RED SVR DISTINCT 151F ELLINGSON PROFOUND 8155 CROSSFIELD, AB ARL RUM RUNNER 1D DLCC MR DESERTLAND 107E LAE FINALE 8110F QUINN & JAMIE WAGSTAFF 403-664-9447 Tuesday, March 14, 2023 5 pm, at the Ranch, Sedalia, AB Two-Year Old & Yearling Charolais Bulls Featuring sons of: DESERTLAND CATTLE CO. Charolais Connection • February 2023 49
Ch arolais Connection • February 2023 50
HKS 28K HKS 67K HKS 83J Charolais Connection • February 2023 51
You’re Invited to our Annual Open House & Private Treaty Bull Sale Saturday, March 11th at the Farm near Estevan, SK 2023 bull offering in its entirety opens for purchase at 11:00 AM. Thank you to our 2022 bull buyers for your support Kurtis & Kristy Phillips & Family PO Box 357 Estevan, SK S4A 2A4 T: 306.636.2213 C: 306.421.6416 Cody and Jolene Scott (2) Doug Cooney (2) Track Side Farms (2) Josh North Blaine Brokenshire Shane Schiestel Don Bachorcik VIEW CATALOGUE ONLINE AT WWW.BUYAGRO.COM MERIDIAN AGRICULTURE CO. LTD. 306.933.4200 email@example.com Chris: 306.220.5006 Shane: 403.363.9973 Ben: 519.374.3335 SALE MANAGED BY: 02115 RR 21 Acadia Valley, AB T0J 0A0 Jerry: 403.972.2490 ext. 134 firstname.lastname@example.org Charolais Connection • February 2023 52
Helge By 306-536-4261 www.bylivestock.com RPH 9K SCR Triumph 2135 x GMC Double Doubt 10T Homo Polled out of an 11-year old cow CE -.6 BW 4 WW 59 YW 115 M 16 TM 46 BW 110, 205 DW 756, 365 DW 1460 RPH 12K LT Del Rey 6161 P x Sharodon Focus 6F Homo Polled — Extreme calving ease in top 2% CE 14.3 BW -3.5 WW 50 YW 83 M 24 TM 49 BW 70, 205 DW 675, 365 DW 1248 RPH 143K McTavish Stonewall 67D x MXS Right Time 16X Polled, hair, length & rank #1 at weaning & #5 at yearling CE 5.4 WW -.3 YW 54 M 106 M 25 TM 52 BW 90, 205 DW 848, 365 DW 1532 CLPS 98K Tri-R Hardball 33H x Fern Creek Duval 42D CE 9.1 BW 2.6 WW 77.7 YW 114.2 M 28.7 TM 67.5 BW 92, 205 DW 637, 365 DW 1584 RPH 55K SCR Triumph 2135 x Gerrard Montezuma 6T Homo Polled, Thick, Correct with Performance CE .8 BW 3.3 WW 57 YW 112 M 15 TM 44 BW 104, 205 DW 740, 365 DW 1436 A Sample of the Quality Offering of Charolais & Simmental Bulls DLMS Timed Online Sale Closes March 8, 7 PM You are welcome to stop and view the bulls anytime prior to the sale close. Pictures and Videos online at www.bylivestock.com Delivery Available Sale Manager: Raymond and Betty Paschke 306-276-5976 • C 306-812-9002 Corey Paschke 306-812-9288 Love, Saskatchewan PINE BLUFF CHAROLAIS & FERN CREEK SIMMENTALS Charolais Connection • February 2023 53
Charolais Connection • February 2023 54
SVY MAYFIELD 30H, sired by CCC WC Resource 417P, topped the 37 Champion bulls from across North America to win the Supreme show at Canadian Western Agribition in Regina, Saskatchewan. He qualified being Grand Champion at Edmonton FarmFair and Grand Champion at Canadian Western Agribition Charolais shows. He is owned by Cay’s Cattle, Kinistino; Serhienko Cattle Co., Maymont; Thomas Ranch, Harrold, SD & Hansen Farms, Turton, SD.
Katie Cox had the Grand Champion steer at the Renfew (ON) Fair. Her steer, WALT weighed 1,405 lb and sold for $9.25/lb to BEI Construction.
LONGVIEW FAITH 1K, sired by BRCHE White Bear 8505 Pld ET, exhibited by Longview Cattle Co., Grenfell, Sask., was selected Reserve Overall Champion of the All Breeds Little Lady Classic at Brandon (MB) Ag-Ex.
Tyson Black had the Reserve Grand Champion steer at the Renfrew (ON) Fair with JOHNNY, weighing 1,410 lb and selling for $5.00/lb to Mackenzie Motors.
Flat Valley Cattle Co., Hilda, Alberta, had the Champion Pen of Bulls Over All Breeds at the Medicine Hat Pen Show, which had 24 entries. Two bulls were sired by PCC Kentucky Rain 836F and one was sired by SOS Rage 128C. This is the second consecutive year the Ehrets won this show.
ELDER’S DESIGN 117J, sired by TR CAG Carbon Copy 7630ET, exhibited by Cassidi Elder, Coronach, Sask., was the Junior Beef Extreme Reserve Champion Female Over All Breeds at the 2022 Canadian Western Agribition Show.
The Immortals Show, judged by Tanya Belaham, Marlin LeBlanc and Blaine Brody, was held October 22 in Stettler, AB. Champion Charolais Bull and Supreme Champion Bull was SVY VERIFIED 202K (SVY Trust 6H), exhibited by Serhienko Cattle Co., Maymont, SK.
Charolais Connection • February 2023 55
MISS PRAIRIE COVE 44H (CCC WC Resource 417 P, calf - BRCHE White Bear 8505 Pld ET) exhibited by Longview Cattle Co., Grenfell, Sask., was named the Supreme Champion Female at the Manitoba Ag-Ex Show.
BAKER FARMS JUSTIFIED 15J, a son of CCC WC Resource 417 P, exhibited by Baker Farms, Madoc, Ontario, won Supreme Ch ampion Bull at the Lindsay (ON) Charolais Show.
BLACKBERN & WHITEWATER 12TH ANNUAL Saturday, March 11, 2023 1:30 PM, Renfrew Pontiac Livestock, Cobden, ON Offering Bulls Sired by: Turnbulls Equipped 216E, DC/BHD Warlord F2003, SCX Triumph 50B, C2 Galeleo 3G, LT Del Rey 6161 P, Pleasant Dawn Digest 146C, SOS Chuck Wagon 54C Offering 23 YEARLINGS 5 LONG YEARLINGS CHAROLAIS BULL SALE WhiteWater Livestock Kurtis & Chelsea Black C 613-585-3873 • Haley Station, ON email@example.com WhiteWater Livestock • @kurtisblack_1 Keith, Karen & Tyson Black H 613-646-2673 C 613-570-8464 Forester’s Falls, ON • firstname.lastname@example.org Blackbern Farm Sale broadcast by View catalogue & videos online at charolaisbanner.com in early February Auctioneers: Stewart James 613-445-3269 Stewart James Jr. 613-222-2815 (bilingual) KBF 34K KAB 13K TMB 4K KBF 60J KAB 8K DC/BHD Warlord F2003 P x SOS Chuck Wagon 54C Turnbull’s Equipped 216E x Rosso Double Down 8Z KBF 45K SOS Chuck Wagon 54C x Pleasant Dawn Digest 146C LT Del Rey 6161 P x Turnbull’s Equipped 216E C2 Galeleo 3G x SCX Triumph 50B Pleasant Dawn Digest 146C x Circle Cee Legend 307A Charolais Connection • February 2023 56
Charolais Connection • February 2023 57
Southview Farms, Courtice Ontario Terry Ormiston : 905 - 439 - 4235 Keith Ormiston : 905 - 244 - 0049 Charburg Charolais, Bethune Saskatchewan Herb Hinsburg : 306 - 748 - 0696 Contact any of the owners for this RARE Genetic Find ! Out of an 11-year old dam, this blast from the past's sire and granddam were shown to be Grand Champion Female at Saskatoon Fall Fair and Canadian Western Agribition in 1997. PMC839996 i BOR 65H i April 20 2020 i HOMO POLLED SEMEN 5 straws/$300 10 straws/ $500 30 straws/$1,350 Contact us for volume discounts Charolais Connection • February 2023 58
INTRODUCING THE 2023 LINE UP 25TH ANNUAL Starting 231K 243K 291K 279K 210K 230K 230K 203K 203K ALSO FEATURING BULLS OFF TWO NEW WALKING HERDSIRES HORSESHOE E CHAROLAIS SELLING YEARLING AND TWO YEAR OLD BULLS SATURDAY MARCH 11, 2023 2 PM AT THE FARM LAE WESTERN WAY 230K LAE CINCH 203K HORSESHOE E CHAROLAIS LAYNE AND PAULA EVANS & FAMILY Kenaston, SK 1(306)252-2246 L: 1(306)561-7147 P: 1(306)561-7126 email@example.com “LIKE” HORSESHOE E CHAROLAIS ON FACEBOOK FOR MORE PICTURES, VIDEOS AND SALE INFO BIDDING AND VIDEOS AVAILABLE THROUGH DLMS 231K 243K 291K 279K 210K LAE TROUBADOUR 231K LAE BIG DEAL 243K LAE CODIGO 291K LAE GAME ON 279K LAE HOME RUN 210K LEGACY’S GAME DAY Sired by HOMO POLLED HOMO POLLED HOMO POLLED HOMO POLLED TRI-N BONO & CEDARLEA FIRESTONE Bull Sale Charolais Connection • February 2023 59
Health and Welfare of Your Bulls
Roy Lewis DVM
A lot has been written on vaccines, deworming, and fly control over the year for the bull. Of course, we want to have all that in place come breeding season and have the bulls semen tested to remove infertile ones. Most producers in this country do this very well in my opinion. Some even go the extra mile and footrot vaccinate and really attend to foot care when trimming is necessary.
There are also some preventative things we can do when it comes to injuries from breeding, or by other bulls, or during processing, or transport. There is nothing that frustrates me more as when big bulls get injured unnecessarily. This happens a lot when bulls are introduced or reintroduced to one another. Also when bulls are transported together in trailers. Our bull pens must be big enough and allow areas for the bulls to get away from one another. Every time we move bulls, whether it is out of the pen for foot trimming or semen testing, or simply move pens because we are cleaning, fighting can start. If we are ever diligent about the reintroductions or mixing bulls, we may be able to keep injuries to an absolute minimum.
When we have to disrupt the whole pen, we need to take advantage of the time and introduce new bulls to the pen, so they can blend into the group. Lots of space in the bull pen and distractions for them are helpful. I have seen big rocks in some bull pens, brushes or oilers. Ideally, a field in the off season where they can get lots of exercise. A practise tip that has been recently tried is when introducing bulls together is to spray an amount of vinegar on their backs (usually a couple ounces) put on with
a spray bottle or applicator gun. This is something I heard from a group of producers and the principle is making all the bulls smell the same. This can also work when purebred producers are delivering bulls and need to put bulls from different pens in the same compartment of the trailer when necessary.
The right choice is always trying to separate bulls when transporting and with multi compartment trailers that is often possible. If being introduced to each other, they must have room to get away, or if introduced into breeding pastures, it is nice if they have run together in the off season. Bulls introduced into breeding groups for the first time will spend a few days sparing and potentially cows are not getting bred.
I prefer to run different ages of bulls together as the propensity to fight is averted because of the big size difference.
Sparring and fighting injuries can quickly take a bull out with damage to the feet and legs broken ribs etc. Some bulls that become poor doing are the result of scaring peritonitis and/or non healable foot or leg injuries involving bones, tendons, joint capsules, etc. We need as sound a moving bulls as we can and we have a finite breeding season to get the job done.
With injured bulls, if and when they do happen, act on them quickly. Pulling them is best to let them convalesce and receive treatment, sometimes no more than NSAIDs on prescription from your veterinarian. This is why sound feet and legs are a necessity when starting the breeding season. If any foot care is necessary, get it attended well in advance. Get the breeding ratio right for your operation. Too little bull power and missed breeding opportunities result and yet too many bulls and fighting can be a problem.
I always end by saying on bull
health, purchase bulls from reputable purebred breeders (virgin bulls) to eliminate any risk of venereal transmitted diseases and make sure they have a satisfactory semen evaluation (all purebred breeders should be semen evaluating before or after the sale depending on timing and age of the bull).
A great number insure their bulls for the first season but let’s do all we can to be diligent at avoiding that injury from sparing and fighting.
I want you to keep in mind early recognition and treatment of problems can many times yield a favourable outcome. The bull may need to be replaced for a time but the long term outcome can be good. Conditions like lumpy jaw, wooden tongue and abscesses can all be treated with great success. Also very many cut penises or sheaths with minor medical intervention and time will heal. Many lamenesses may be things like sole abscesses, cracks, and single corns in older bulls. This is where preventative hoof care can prevent these ailments. If true footrot does happen treat as quickly as possible. It is the fever that develops and not the treatment with the antibiotic that will affect the sperm quality.
Also, do recognize when something serious has happened and if irreparable shipping as quickly as possible. Many a broken legged bull has been treated with antibiotics rendering salvage slaughter out of the question. Have a great breeding season everyone and let’s keep bull health at the top of our minds this year. They are a very valuable asset to the herd and worth looking after before, during, and after the breeding season. For preventative vaccinations, they are treated very much like the cow herd, but with the absence of scour vaccines ,and often the addition of footrot vaccines, which has been mentioned.
Charolais Connection • February 2023 60
Charolais Connection • February 2023 61
Sons of Sparrows Aquarius 493B, Sparrows Resurrection 905G, LT Rushmore 8060 Pld, SLC Right Time 884F, WIA-WC Renegade F03 P, plus other yearling and two-year old bulls www.sugarloafcharolais.com Eric & Sheryle Anderson • Scott & Kayley Anderson • 780.787.0358 firstname.lastname@example.org • Minburn, Alberta Sugarloaf Charolais Thank You to our past female and bull buyers for showing confidence in our genetics SLC 112J SLC 215K AVAILABLE BY PRIVATE TREATY MARCH Saturday, March 11 Transcon’s Red Deer County Bull Sale Innisfail, AB Friday, March 17 High Bluff Stock Farms Charolais & Simmental Bull & Female Sale Inglis, MB APRIL Saturday, April 1 Transcon’s Advantage Bull Sale Saskatoon, SK SALE CALENDAR2023 Charolais Charolais Connection • February 2023 62
Charolais Connection • February 2023 63
7TH ANNUAL BULL SALE Tuesday, March 21st, 2 PM 30 Charolais Two-Year Olds NEW LOCATION AT THE FARM, CHAUVIN, ALBERTA John & Kirsten Taylor & Family T 780-858-2435 • C 780-806-3395 Box 55, Chauvin, AB T0B 0V0 email@example.com Poplar Bluff Stock Farm POPLAR BLUFF STOCK FARM OFFERING SONS OF JWX GALLAGHER 804G • ADDED LENGTH & GREAT FOOT STRUCTURE OFFERING THE FIRST TWO-YEAR OLD SONS OF LEGACYS GAME DAY 45G • ONE OF THE HIGHEST SELLING BULLS IN 2020 • TREMENDOUS DISPOSITION AND EYE APPEAL • TOP 3% YW EPD Charolais Connection • February 2023 64
JEFF & JACKIE CAVERS & FAMILY Jeff: 204-242-4448 | Jackie: 204-242-4051 | firstname.lastname@example.org www.c2charolais.com C2ANNUAL BULL SALE REAL. HONEST. GENUINE. 1:OO PM - WEDNESDAY AT THE FARM, LA RIVIÈRE, MB MARCH 29,2023 C2 KONG 120K :: sired by LT Ledger 0332P RESERVE CHAMPION BULL join us sale day Charolais Connection • February 2023 65
Canadian Cattle Association President’s Report
Last year ended on a very difficult note. The Canadian cattle community lost a tremendous leader, mentor, and friend, with the sudden passing of Reg Schellenberg, President of the Canadian Cattle Association (CCA).
Reg’s leadership and passion for our industry will be missed around the board table and at industry meetings and events. He cared about issues and worked hard for the betterment of our industry. His goal was to leave a vibrant industry for the generations to come. His legacy and contributions will be felt for many years.
I chatted daily with Reg about CCA priorities and life on our home operations. I learned a lot from Reg and his gentle demeanor and strong character are qualities that I looked up to. I never imagined that this is how I would become CCA President. But I share the same passion as Reg for our cattle industry and it is an honour for me to lead an organization with such a strong and rich history. It’s important to me and our entire board that we move forward on the important work that CCA undertakes on behalf of cattle producers across Canada. We will be a strong voice on the issues that matter the most. Our board members and staff are committed to making positive things happen for our industry.
As we move into 2023, there are bright spots for our industry. We are experiencing high calf prices and we have a strong trade position with exports of Canadian beef at record levels for the sixth year in a row. The challenge now is having enough beef to meet the demand. Simply put: the world needs more Canadian beef.
Last November saw the announcement of the Indo-Pacific Strategy, which is good news for the
Canadian beef industry. It prioritizes trade and agriculture, and includes key recommendations shared by CCA. The investment in Minister-led trade missions will help facilitate long-term trade and investment opportunities, while the opening of an agricultural office in the region will help prevent and resolve nontariff barriers proactively and quickly.
The Indo-Pacific region holds the greatest potential for market growth and diversification for our industry, with a growing middle class, GDP, and food consumption. About 20 per cent of Canada’s beef exports are destined for the Indo-Pacific market, with the top five markets being Japan, Mainland China, South Korea, Vietnam, and Hong Kong. Diversifying our trade supports the future of our producers. CCA continues to collaborate with the Government in seeking new market opportunities for Canadian beef in the Indo-Pacific region.
The release of the next federal budget is around the corner and with the Winter Session of Parliament set to resume on January 30, 2023, CCA will keep up advocacy efforts on our key budget recommendations which will help ensure growth and innovation in our sector.
These recommendations include: Foot and Mouth Vaccine Bank
For the livestock sector, the threat of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) is serious and would have devastating consequences on the Canadian beef industry and our economy. FMD is a highly contagious viral infection of cloven-hoofed animals including cattle, pigs, and sheep. Canada remains FMD-free, but as an industry we cannot be complacent.
An investment by the Government of Canada in a Canadian FMD vaccine bank is a critical component in preventing catastrophic losses to
the sector and the broader Canadian economy should FMD occur in our country. The projected annual cost to maintain the vaccine bank is $3.2-4 million including potency and licensing testing. The potential impact of an FMD outbreak in Canada is estimated at $50 to $60 billion. Together, with our provincial counterparts across the country, we continue to call on the federal government to invest in this critical infrastructure.
With cattle farmers and ranchers facing market driven risks and uncertainty due to extreme weather, tools are needed to help mitigate these risks. We have recommended two actions with significant potential to help foster economic resilience in our sector: providing funding to Livestock Price Insurance (LPI) and making amendments to Livestock Tax Deferral (LTD) provision under the Income Tax Act.
LPI allows cattle producers to reduce market downside for their cattle; helping manage uncertainty and risk. This is especially important for our young cattle producers who don’t have equity built up to access loans. With lending institutions recognizing this program, it puts young people in a better position to borrow the money they need to maintain and grow their operations. The program can also be enhanced through Government partnership on the cost sharing of premiums. This would result in higher enrollment levels and would establish program equity with other commodities and our American counterparts. Lastly, we are still pushing to have this program be available to more producers across Canada.
We have also seen our fair share of extreme weather in the last number ..continued
on page 70 Charolais Connection • February 2023
Visitors Always Welcome Brad & Juanita Cline • Belmont, MB Brad’s Cell: 204-523-0062 House 204-537-2367 www.clinecattlecompany.ca 50 Bulls on Offer by Private Treaty CLN 277K CLN 310K CLN 287K Charolais Connection • February 2023 67
Elevating the Importance of Genetics in Beef Production
Sandy Russell, CEO
2022 was an extremely busy and exciting year for the Canadian Beef Breeds Council as we worked to focus on our key priorities for the organization and ultimately drive value for our members by advancing the importance of genetics within the Canadian beef industry. We were thrilled to see a large number of our members, industry partners and stakeholders gather for our Annual General Meeting, on November 28 at Canadian Western Agribition in Regina, where we were able to reflect on the progress that had been made and look forward to the opportunities that lie ahead.
At our 2021 Annual General Meeting we outlined four key priority areas for CBBC. Those priorities were:
1. strengthening the financial standing of CBBC long term;
2. advancing membership value and growth;
3. elevating industry engagement;
4. driving the Canadian Beef Improvement Network (CBIN).
We have worked hard to deliver tangible results in relation to these key priority areas and were pleased to report our achievements in relation to these priorities and acknowledged the work that still lies ahead. Along with the traditional reports, we were able to showcase the progress made on the CBIN initiative and have Dr. Steve Miller, Director of AGBU from Australia provide a thoughtprovoking presentation reminding us the value of genetics in beef cattle production to a large room of CBBC members and industry stakeholders.
During the AGM the CBBC members also confirmed their support for the current focus of our leadership on the aforementioned priorities and the work being done to
achieve results for the membership by re- electing the Board of Directors for 2023. As a result, we are pleased to report that our 2023 CBBC Board of Directors are as follows:
David Sibbald - Chair
Marlin Leblanc – Co-Vice Chair
Shawn Wilson – Co-Vice Chair
Throughout the past year these directors have provided invaluable direction and considerable time to achieving the vision of CBBC and its initiatives. I look forward to continuing to work with this diverse group of leaders in the industry to achieve further outcomes for our members and continue to elevate the recognition of the role that genetic advancement plays in the overall success of the Canadian beef industry.
Throughout the past year, the CBIN initiative has been the focus of much of our work and continues to advance rapidly. As we have outlined on several occasions, the following four-step development plan for CBIN remains our overarching goal:
1. Build the Data Foundation: Build an operational system that will standardize data collection amongst participating Breed Associations;
2. Facilitate Data Linkages: Develop a cross-sector genetic data hub that will facilitate linkages of genetic data to traditional production metric;.
3. Translate Data: Create the analytical resources to assist in the translation of genetic data into informed decisions that allow increased value capture from
conception to consumption;
4. Drive Adoption: Advance the understanding of the value of genetic data incorporation and resource utilization across the entire beef production system.
With this broad vision in mind, we will be able to provide genetic information and analytical tools that will help capture the full value of genetics across the entire beef production chain.
Those in attendance at our AGM were able to see first-hand the new registry portal that is being developed. The new system was met with very positive feedback, much excitement for what has been accomplished through the collaborative effort and hard work of many and anticipation for the opportunities that the system will provide for our members. With the first stage of development advancing, we are shifting our focus to facilitating the data linkages that will truly capture value across the entire industry. The leadership from within our CBIN Advisory Panel, along with our CBBC Board of Directors continues to drive for success through focused advancements in CBIN. While we know the task ahead is large and there will be bumps in the road along the way, collectively we continue to make strides forward in achieving that broad vision.
Often it feels as though there isn’t much we can control in the beef industry but with the right information and resources there are things within our control that will generate increased value within our individual businesses and at the broader industry level. Genetic selection decisions are one of those things. The importance of genetics in the beef business has often been minimized or even forgotten altogether at times but
68 CANADIAN BEEF BREEDS COUNCIL
..continued on page 70 Charolais Connection • February 2023
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of years. Having the ability to access the LTD provision gives producers in designated regions who sell part of their breeding herd due to extreme weather the ability to defer a portion of those proceeds to the following year. To increase the impact of the
provision, CCA recommends that producers be given the ability to selfelect rather than rely on a geographic determination to access this provision. This would help producers making difficult decisions during urgent times of need.
Lastly, we are requesting an amendment to the definition of “breeding animals,” cited in the Act, so it includes all classes of cattle and not just the breeding herd.
All the best for a healthy and successful year!
ELEVATING THE IMPORTANCE OF GENETICS IN BEEF PRODUCTION, CONTINUED FROM
CBBC has worked hard recently to shift the conversation and raise the awareness of the value that genetics offers to our industry. While changes and advancements seldom occur overnight, we hope you have started to see some of the fruits of our labour with genetics being discussed around
more tables and being part of the solutions for success in the Canadian beef industry.
The seedstock sector has a large role to play in driving value in beef production and through the collaborative effort of CBIN we are collectively building the resources to
allow the Canadian beef industry to fully capture the value of genetics. The work ahead is substantial but so too are the opportunities. CBBC members, stakeholders and members believe the reward is worth the investment.
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CONTINUED FROM PAGE 66
Charolais Connection • February 2023
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Dry Conditions Can Be a Factor in Hoof Health and Lameness
Hoof cracks are fairly common in beef cattle, sometimes due to genetics (some cattle have stronger hoof horn than others) and/or environmental factors. Wet conditions can make hooves soft and vulnerable to injury, and dry conditions can make the hoof wall more brittle and susceptible to cracking.
Dr. Michael Jelinski, a partner with Veterinary Agri-Health Services Ltd., in Airdrie, Alberta, says dry conditions can contribute to lameness in beef cattle. “Here in western Canada, we see a lot of what we refer to as sand cracks. Over the years there has been some good research regarding the causes, and a few theories that haven’t held up. The work that Dr. Chris Clark did (University of Saskatchewan) showed that the biggest risk factor is dryness of the hoof,” says Jelinski.
Clark says we don’t always know why cracks occur. “This question was the basis of my Masters project. We didn’t come up with complete answers, but we did discover that hydration—the water content—of hoof horn varies considerably throughout the year on the western Canadian prairies. In summer, the moisture content of the hoof is fairly close to what I believe would be optimal. Even in dry years, the hoof tends to pick up some moisture. But as cattle go
through winter here, the hoof dries out,” he explains.
In a cold, dry climate, the feet are not exposed to any free water. There may be a lot of snow, but at cold temperatures the snow is dry, not wet, and that moisture is not available. There’s no moisture in contact with the foot. “Humidity is very low here in winter. We took hoof samples of cattle in February, when it’s typically minus 30 degrees. There is snow, but it’s very dry,” he says.
“As the hoof wall dries out, it becomes brittle. From studies done on horse hooves, we know that as the hoof dries out, it becomes less pliable.” Biomechanical studies on the feet of cattle with sand cracks (as well as moisture measurements) showed that the drier the foot, the higher the risk for cracks. The hoof wall becomes brittle, and more susceptible to cracking.
Jelinski says there has been talk about the role of nutrition or genetics, and these can be factors, but not the main factors. A well-balanced diet is always important to provide appropriate vitamins and trace minerals, but unless there’s significant deficiency (or in the case of Selenium too much) this is unlikely to be the underlying cause.
“Here in western Canada where we have cold, dry winters, feet have a tendency to dry out enough to be vulnerable to cracks, and if dry conditions continue (as they have
Heather Smith Thomas
this spring) there may be even higher incidence of cracks if the drought persists,” he says.
“Sand cracks are very prevalent in cattle here, but only a small percentage of them actually become lame. We may see more lameness during a drought but probably only because we are seeing a higher incidence of sand cracks,” says Jelinski.
Cattle may also have to walk farther to water on a dry year, but as a general rule, that won’t be a factor because cattle have very durable feet, he explains. They are well designed to handle a lot of travel. Hooves self-trim but usually don’t wear excessively.
Dryness of the foot is the biggest factor, affecting the quality and integrity of the hoof wall and whether it develops cracks. The only thing that might be a factor in greater distances travelled is whether terrain is rocky or cattle have to travel along a gravel road, which might lead to tender feet and stone bruising and possible lameness issues.
Most cracks appear on the outside front claw, just because it is under a little more strain and stress. There is more weight carried on the inside claw but there is often more stress on the outside claw when the animal is moving and turning.
Cracks are common, but usually don’t go deep enough to cause lameness. “Some of the survey data showed that up to 25% of a herd may be affected with sand cracks but only a
Sand Crack thickening from inside to bridge, photo by Dr. Jelinski
Sand crack, photo by Dr. Shearer
Sand Crack, photo by Dr. Jelinski
Charolais Connection • February 2023
Vertical wall crack, photo by Dr. Shearer
73 Charolais Connection • February 2023
small number actually become lame. When they do, it’s usually because of an abscess rather than from the crack itself,” Jelinski explains. The crack became deep enough to get into the inner sensitive tissue of the foot, allowing bacteria access to those tissues, and subsequent infection.
One of the things Clark looked at was whether longer toes might make the claws more vulnerable to cracking, due to the added strain from the long toe. “We found that the bigger feet were more prone to cracking, rather than the length of the toe, as the main factor. The volume of the foot was most important,” he says.
Many of the older beef cows on the prairies in western Canada are affected, but the vast majority of cracks don’t cause signs of lameness or ill health. “My colleagues and I at the university looked at the feet of cattle that have gone to slaughter. The sand cracks almost never penetrate the entire thickness of the hoof wall. They are just in the outer layer. The way the hoof matrix is built, it has what is
called a crack diversion mechanism. As the crack penetrates deeper, it is diverted away from going in a straight line.” Pressure is dissipated outward and spread out rather than creating a deep split.
“The animal’s body responds to the crack by thickening the hoof wall in that area, to protect itself. Often the worst-looking cracks don’t cause lameness. If you cut into a dead hoof and look at it, you might discover that the hoof wall in that area may be up to 2 to 3 times thicker than normal. Sometimes, if the wall gets very thick in that area, you may also see a little remodeling of the bone, to accommodate the increased thickening of the hoof wall. Some of these cracks persist for years,” says Clark.
The outside surface of the hoof wall is durable and there won’t be any lameness from a crack unless it goes deeper. “If you look at the inside of a hoof with a sand crack, the wall will be thickening from the inside, creating a bridge to stabilize the crack,” says
Jelinski. “The body tries to mend it, and it’s only if it gets deep enough to abscess that the foot would need treatment,” he explains.
Treatment for lameness in this situation means resolving the abscess and getting rid of the infection. “This involves opening up the crack using a very small grinder so the abscess can be drained and flushed,” Jelinski says.
Treatment is not as simple as an injection of antibiotics (as for a case of foot rot).
“If it is truly an abscess, it will require drainage before it can heal,” he says. You might want help from your veterinarian or a professional hoof trimmer who deals with hoof health issues. They could pinpoint exactly where the abscess is, open it up, and flush it.
“There’s not much a producer can do to alleviate dry conditions for feet. The vitamin biotin (which is often used in horses to promote healthy hooves) has shown to be of some help but is not practical in a beef herd on extensive pastures; hoof cracks are just something we tend to live with in western Canada,” says Jelinski.
Some animals are more at risk than others. “Larger, heavier animals (bulls, large cows) have more pressure and strain on the outside claws. Hoof cracks are less common in younger, lighter animals,” he says.
Clark says that in commercial beef production hoof cracks usually aren’t much of an issue. It’s not economically feasible to deal with them unless they cause lameness, but they might be a cause of concern in a purebred herd when the rancher is selling registered bulls and heifers.
“If someone comes to look at their animals, they don’t want cracked feet. Even in those cases, however, other than telling them they could try supplementing the cattle with biotin, I’m not sure what else to suggest—to minimize cracks. They seem to be a prairie issue and are not reported as often in other parts of the world. It’s primarily an issue in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba,” says Clark.
Photo by H. Smith Thomas
Charolais Connection • February 2023
Photo by H. Smith Thomas
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Inflation And Costs
For those who are unaware of what it is, inflation is the increased price for goods and services.
Although price increases are seen as bad a certain amount of inflation is good for the economy.
Prices and wages go up all of the time the problem is when inflation reaches a certain point it becomes excessive meaning consumers cannot afford the item and no longer buy it or they forego other items to purchase an item that has gone up in price.
The Consumer Price Index (CPI)
The Consumer Price Index, or CPI, is a major economic indicator and it is widely referenced when it comes to inflation and the ability of consumers to purchase the goods and services they need to survive.
The CPI is often described as a weighted basket of goods the average consumer needs to purchase.
The CPI is weighted because the same rise in the price of certain items do not effect consumers as much as a price increase for other goods and services.
For example, a 20 percent price increase in the price of milk has less of an impact on the CPI than does a similar 20 percent increase in the price of fuel.
Although milk may be good for you, the amount of milk an individual consumes and its importance is less than buying fuel. Fuel such as gasoline is used more by consumers than milk so gasoline is weighted higher.
If you take a look at the CPI (in the chart below), food is weighted at just over 15 percent. While housing is the largest component of the CPI at the 30 percent mark. While clothing is between three and five percent over the three year period.
So the big three most people see as the essentials to life - food, shelter and clothing - are given a weight of 50 percent in the CPI.
As discussed earlier, transportation or fuel, has the same weight in the CPI as food.
What makes up the CPI or the basket of goods and the weight each item is given is determined by economists working for the federal government.
Canada to show what the inflation rate is.
Recently the CPI or the inflation it measures has been impacted in two areas - fuel and food.
In the most recent CPI released by Statistics Canada, the CPI in June 2022 compared to June 2021 saw an increase of 8.1 percent. If you removed the price of gasoline from the CPI, the year over year increase is 6.5 percent which is higher than the 6.3 percent increase in May 2022 versus May 2021.
During June, the CPI saw a decrease in the price of homes which had the effect of moderating the weighted CPI.
The weight of each item in the basket which makes up the CPI is derived from consumer habits in the Household Final Consumption Expenditure (HFCE). The HFCE data is combined with data obtained from third parties to see an overall consumer preference for variety of goods and then weights them before putting them into the CPI.
Overtime the increase in prices in the CPI basket is used by Statistics
But despite this the CPI rose more than what economists and the Bank of Canada would like to see - a two percent target increase since 1995.
To lower inflation you can do one of two things.
Flood the market with more goods than consumers can buy (in practicality an impossibility) and allow supply to do it. Or you can reduce demand. You reduce demand by taking the means to buy goodsmoney - out of the system.
To reduce the money supply, the
WHERE’S THE BEEF? PART 3
reprinted with permission from Moose Jaw Independent
Charolais Connection • February 2023
“Any evidence we’ve seen is to the contrary. It’s pretty clear who is doing well, and that is the packers.”
Bank Of Canada sets its key lending rate - the rate it charges banks to borrow money - which results in the banks increasing their lending rates. As consumers are charged more to borrow, they reassess purchases and on big ticket items - such as homes - the demand goes down and prices drop.
If you look at the CPI data, while there was an increase in the CPI of 8.1 percent from June 2022 to June 2021, at the same time wages rose only 5.2 percent based upon the latest Labour Force Survey.
Consumers are on average seeing their buying power eroded.
How Does This Effect Consumers Buying Beef??
If you take a look at the price of food year over year the major increase has been in butter, edible oils and meat (most notably beef).
In Saskatchewan, (see chart on right) meat prices went up 11.3 percent from April 2021 to April 2022, while retail beef prices went up 17
percent in the same time period.
From March to April 2022, the retail price of beef increased 6 percent in the one month period.
While over the same April 2021 to April 2022 year to year increase for live cattle increased by nine percent (see chart on right).
Seemingly the cattle prices are going up to match the demand and store prices.
The problem for rancher/farmers and feedlot owners are the fixed inputs - feed and labour - they need to produce a pound of beef.
The latest market information provided by the Saskatchewan Department of Agriculture show the United States Department of Agriculture prices for cattle as stable year over year.
..continued on page 78
77 WHITE & RED-FACTOR YEARLING CHAROLAIS BULLS CHAROLAIS BULLS AT THE FARM, DIDSBURY, AB 1:00 PM FRIDAY, MARCH 17, 2023 Barry Reese Didsbury, Alberta Barry 403-870-3960
Year over year food price increases April 2022 versus April 2021 and March 2022 versus April 2022 - source Statistics Canada
Charolais Connection • February 2023
But the cost of Lethbridge barley - used to feed cattle in feedlots - has risen over 30 percent year over year.
The problem is, if there are profits at the retail level, who is earning them?
In a July 7th Toronto Star article, Michelle Wasylyshen, spokesperson for the Retail Council of Canada, which represents major grocery chains including Loblaw, Sobeys and Metro, said retailers were not making windfall profits.
“Any evidence we’ve seen is to the contrary. It’s pretty clear who is doing well, and that is the packers,” Wasylyshen told the Toronto Star.
MJ Independent was unable to contact JBS Canada for comment on this series of stories.
MJ Independent was however able to get ahold of Cargill who referred us to the Canadian Meat Council who represents meat packers and processors, large and small.
After speaking to the media representative at the Canadian Meat Council, where we sought comment to hear their side of the story for a more rounded series of stories, their media rep said they were unable to answer the questions but someone who was away on holiday may be able to.
After one week we received no further answer from the Canadian Meat Council.
You can now check out individual animal’s performance data, index and ranking on Animal Search at www.charolais.com. It’s great for researching genetic potential for your herd. Charolais Connection • February 2023
FROM WHERE’S THE BEEF? PART 3, CONTINUED FROM PAGE 77
The call to examine cattle and beef pricing in Canada has been made more than once in the past. Out of those calls came a major report in 1976 while the beef and cattle industry was in a price and marketing crisis on the cusp of change in the industry.
Released on April 13, 1976, the Report Of The Commission Of Inquiry Into The Marketing Of Beef And Veal was an extensive report looking at the marketing of beef from the producer right up to the dinner plate.
The Commission held Canadawide public hearings over three months in 1975 gathering input from all three players – ranchers/ farmers, processors and retailers –on the industry and how producers were often better off financially just disposing of their livestock.
The Commission had been triggered by farmers who went in front of the television cameras.
With dairy producers destroying calves in front of the television cameras – due to low prices – causing outrage and massive public pressure from consumers against the beef processing industry.
“The public felt that the prices paid for beef and veal were high in relation to low producer returns and did not properly reflect price variations at the producer level,” the Commission stated as to their reason for holding the Public Inquiry.
What the Commission found, through both public hearings as well as studies, was that “serious price inequities exist at both the producer and consumer levels.”
Chaired by Maxwell W Mackenzie with Hu Harries and Lydia PatrieCullen the Commission made three recommendations:
• we reject the principle of
The 1975 Federal Commission
regulated domestic production for beef and veal but emphasize the need for substantial changes in the marketing system to protect the position of the livestock producer against inequities; .
• retailers should be required to label the grade of beef on the packaged beef cuts sold at their retail counter and clearly state that grade of beef in any form of advertising they use;
• t he central processing of beef cuts should take place at the point of slaughter, and early action should be taken by government to reverse the current trend to growth in central processing by retailers.
The Inquiry made several other recommendations to improve the beef marketing system and amongst them was to allow direct selling from producers to the processing facility and eliminate many of livestock auction markets.
The Commission’s report stated that the move to centralized processing at the slaughter facilities would add to the wholesomeness of the product but also added the caveat about what it could lead to due to producers selling directly to packers and not through the auction mart system.
“…the degree of market power and concentration in the beef industry by those controlling the processing, and whether an acceleration of the development would lead to a more invisible price setting mechanism for beef than the more open method used in the past,” the report warned could develop.
The report highlighted the price discrepancy of what producers received based upon their actual costs.
“In few other industries in Canada can the price of a product fluctuate drastically from day to day or region
to region, significantly cutting into revenue with no change in costs,” the Commissioners wrote.
The report mentions how there were in 1974 a total of 57 packing plants responsible for 88 percent of the federal plant kill. In 2020, three (3) plants were responsible for 85 percent of the beef processed in Canada.
“In 1974, beef producers and feedlot operators chose to sell their slaughter animals direct to Packers (55% of their sales) either on a liveweight or a railgrade basis’, through terminal markets (30%) or through country auctions ( 15%). Producers of calves and feeder cattle normally use the auction system to market their animals.”
The Commission also found direct ties between the Canadian price for cattle and beef highly reliant on prices paid in the United States.
“Because of the size of Canada’s market, its openness to world markets, and its proximity to the U.S.A., the major constraint on our live cattle and carcass price setting mechanisms is U.S.A. prices plus transport and any tariff that is applied.”
The Commission found the little discussed byproduct market played a major role in what producers were offered.
“A rule of thumb in the packing industry is that the value of the byproducts will cover the processing
WHERE’S THE BEEF? PART 4
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..continued on page 80 Charolais Connection • February 2023
“Any marketing system that does not protect its primary supply sources is a marketing system that eventually will be destroyed.”
costs of the carcass so that the live value and the carcass value should be (on a carcass equivalent basis) approximately equal and follow one another. When by-product values exceed processing costs, credits can be allocated to increase buying prices for live cattle or lower carcass selling prices. The reverse is also true,”
The public input tour took the Commission across Canada.
During these submissions the Commission heard Canada’s cattle market was actually a North American market.
“The industry in Canada is operating in a North American and not a Canadian market…There is a duty...There are transportation factors ...but with the exception of those factors we are essentially operating on a North American market…” Canada Packers said in their submission.
Canada Packers pointed out how stabilization of beef producers’ incomes would impact the North American market.
“Stablization is bound to seriously disrupt any trade outside of Canada in beef. If you start to stabilize income in the beef industry, you are going to have to devise a system for regulating output because at the moment it is price that regulates output…”
There were calls from processors to move away from the system of the day where retailers bought sides of beef and then did their own meat cutting.
The now defunct, Saskatoon-based Intercontinental Packers was a leader in calls for packers to move from supplying sides but providing the final cut retail product. By reducing costs the savings could be passed on to consumers, they told the Commission.
“Boxed beef holds a great deal of
promise as a way of reducing costs between packer and consumer… We strongly urge this Commission to recommend acceleration of a change to this more modern and efficient method of beef marketing,” Intercontinental Packers said in their submission.
Canada Safeway, who operated a beef cutting plant under its Lucerne brand, echoed Intercontinental Packers call to consolidate meat cutting from the grocer to large plants as being more economical.
“There is increased efficiency resulting from centralized prefabrication…Centralized cutting is a clear economy over the system where the whole side moves out and into the store where it is cut up, it is more economical,” Canada Safeway said in their submission.
The National Farmer’s Union (NFU) asked the Commission to look at a system based upon a quota system similar to eggs and milk to help ensure producers were paid a guaranteed higher price.
Despite the NFUs calls for a quota system the argument for a free enterprise system with processing conducted at the slaughter facility won out.
Government intervention in the industry was outright rejected by the Brooks, Alberta, based Lakeside Packers (now part of JBS Foods through acquisitions) claiming the government was the problem.
“The number one problem in the beef industry as a whole is government involvement…We must work in a North American or world beef market…We have the potential to produce more than our own requirements and at competitive prices…Government should not be
involved in our industry in any way that will distort the signals from the market place…” Lakeside Packers said in their submission.
In the end the Commission agreed with consolidation of cutting beef to the slaughter facility away from retailers as a cost reduction strategy.
“The Commission is convinced savings could be realized at the retail level if beef were fully processed before it reaches individual retail food stores. The investment in equipment required to break and trim carcasses at each retail outlet is considerably higher, generally speaking, than that at a central location where the utilization rate of labour and equipment can be much better,” the Commission wrote in their final report.
Retailers continuing to cut meat was seen as detriment to the entire cattle to beef system.
“In the Commission’s view, if the processing continues to be done at the retail level, it will inhibit important gains that can be made in the marketing system for the future.”
Why packers comply with retailers
The Commission saw the manner which retailers purchased beef from processors in 1975 – carcass – as a major drawback to the Canadian beef processing system.
“But the major reason why most beef is shipped in carcass form by packers is that retailers are reluctant to relinquish any element of control over the quality of the product they sell. They want to continue their preferences for certain classifications and sex of carcasses, which appear to the Commission to be based on prejudice rather than valid evidence. The packers comply with this because they are able to pass the burden of
WHERE’S THE BEEF? PART 4, CONTINUED FROM PAGE 78 Charolais Connection • February 2023
any discrimination by retailers back to the producer”
The stage was set in the future where retail meat markets would disappear and large retailers would no longer cut up their own beef.
The butcher shop moved to the slaughterhouse.
Rail grade buying versus average
A major recommendation made by the Commission was that cattle should be bought Rail Grade and not an Average Estimate system.
Rail Grade means sellers (usually feedlots today) are paid by how the animal breaks down after slaughter. An Average Estimate is where processors buy cattle based on their weight with a formula taking into account an averaging of imperfections in animals they buy.
“The Commission is satisfied
that the purchase by packers of live animals on a railgrade basis will provide more equity to the individual producer by eliminating the estimation of the carcass outturn of the live animal. If all purchases of slaughter animals by packers were on a railgrade basis, a much more comprehensive market could be developed to the particular benefit of the small producer and the independent packer,” the Commission wrote.
Dissent in the report
Despite the Commission recommending consolidation and a centralization in the industry there was one dissenting Commissioner. “Any marketing system that does not protect its primary supply sources is a marketing system that eventually will be destroyed. Many have suffered
grievously because the price that is paid for their produce, while gyrating wildly, has consistently been lower than the cost of production. I see no reason to load, on the shoulders of a few who are least able to bear it, the cost of a food policy which provides the Canadian consumer with the best beef that is available anywhere in the world. The Canadian consumer doesn’t want the small unprotected man to be ground into the dirt in the interests of some phoney economic and political philosophy which is a little to the right of Adam Smith,” the dissenting opinion read.
Despite the dissent the stage was set for consolidation and the mergers leading to less than a handful of a few large processors dominating the industry.
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Phillips Box 420, Waskatenau, AB T0A 3P0 T 780.358.2360
55, Chauvin, AB TOB OVO email@example.com
Charolais Connection • February 2023 87 British Columbia breeders firstname.lastname@example.org Jonathon, Camille, Shelby & Bow Scott, Crossfield, AB Jonathon 403.333.1790 Camille 403.369.1791 www.scottstockfarm.com @Scott Stock Farm Ltd Brad & Juanita Cline • 204-537-2367 • C 204-523-0062 email@example.com • Box 268, Belmont, MB R0K 0C0 www.clinecattlecompany.ca Manitoba breeders Kevin, Crystal, Kory & Shaylin Stebeleski P/F 204.234.5425 Cell 204.365.6010 Box 266, Oakburn, MB R0J 1L0 | firstname.lastname@example.org JEFF & JACKIE CAVERS Box 237, La Riviere, MB R0G 1A0 Res: 204-242-3467 Cell: 204-242-4448 email@example.com Judy Hart & Bert McDonald T: 204.354.2267 Bert 204.212.0722 Josh 204.354.2385 Marshall 306.291.0159 Box 66, Brookdale, MB R0K 0G0 Check out our website at www.charolaisbanner.com Ken & Kerri Hinsburg Box 99, Rapid City, MB R0K 1W0 250-485-2510 firstname.lastname@example.org
Charolais Connection • February 2023 88 Box 899, Lenore, MB R0M 1E0 Merv & Joanne Nykoliation • 204-838-2107 C 204-851-2290 Jesse Nykoliation • 204-851-3391 www.trincharolais.com email@example.com “Success Depends on Quality” TRI-N CHAROLAIS FARMS Mike Bertholet • T 204.854.2952 • C 204.522.5469 RR1, Pipestone, MB R0M 1T0 firstname.lastname@example.org Ontario breeders Bred and Developed for Progressive Cattlemen 9036 Highway #2, Great Village, Nova Scotia Robert Cooper: 902-890-0663 Joe Cooper: 902-893-0744 email@example.com Balamore Farm Ltd. Maritime breeders Triple C Charolais Triple C Charolais Box 1, Steep Rock, MB R0C 2Y0 firstname.lastname@example.org Darren 204-768-4515 John 204-302-0687 Shiloh 204-768-0321 Registered Charolais Cattle Your ad should be here Call today! 306.584.7937 COCKBURN FARMS - CHAROLAIS CATTLE Full French • French Influence Dave Cockburn • 705-288-8013 309 Rivers Street W, Box 237, Tweed,ON K0K 3J0 Visit us on Facebook: Cockburn Farms - Charolais Cattle Zac & Taylor C•519•270•2291 Kemble, ON N0H 1S0 email@example.com Quality Charolais Bulls Purebred Breeding Stock
Charolais Connection • February 2023 89 R.R. #3, Markdale, Ontario N0C 1H0 Brent 519.372.6196 • Darrell 519.373.6788 email: firstname.lastname@example.org John & Marie • Brent & Marni • Darrell & BillieJo miller land & livestock ltd. charolais cattle . hay . straw . feedlot GEORGE, DIANNE, DWAYNE & ASHLEY MILLER 406 CONC. 6, R.R.#1, JARVIS, ON N0A 1J0 PH (519) 587-2755 FAX (519) 587-3444 Rollin’ Acres Charolais Full French Charolais 598516 2nd Line, Mulmur, ON L9V 0B6 email@example.com Chester Tupling 519.925.2938 C 705.627.0672 “Breeding the Cattle that Work in Both Rings.” Saskatchewan breeders Quebec breeders 306-441-6865 firstname.lastname@example.org Adrian & Michelle Bomok Box 1686 Battleford, SK S0M 0E0 Wendall & Leanne Weston Box 206, Maidstone, SK S0M 1M0 • email@example.com Tel 306.893.4510 • Cell 306.893.7801 Darwin & Lorrie Plewis 306.773.8181 firstname.lastname@example.org Box 1117, Swift Current Saskatchewan S9H 3X3 D&L PLEWISCHAROLAIS FOR SALE: 2yr Old Bulls w/French Influence HTA AVALANCHE 9120G • MC765528 Roger Maloney and Helen Lynett 936 Douro Third Line, Douro-Dummer, ON, K0L 2H0 Roger 705.761.7316 email@example.com www.mlcattleco.com
Ron, Jackie & Family (306) 482-8089 Greg, Dayna & Family (306) 482-7160 Box 245, Carievale, SK S0C 0P0 KLR KLR Ron & DonnaElder306.267.4986 C306.267.7693• firstname.lastname@example.org @ElderElderly • Michael& JudyElder C 306.267.7730 Box 37, Coronach, SK S0H 0Z0• www.eldercharolais.com Box 93, Arelee, SK S0K 0H0 Mike & Moira 306.241.1975 Dean, Dallas & Jace 306.612.3326 email@example.com Your ad should be here Call today! 306.584.7937 Velon & Leah Herback C 306.567.7033 Hunter Herback C 306.561.8118 firstname.lastname@example.org Box 17, Bladworth, SK S0G 0J0 Southland Cattle Box 490, Shaunavon, SK S0N 2M0 (306) 297-7781 • (306) 294-8877 • (306) 294-8334 Mike & Lisa T 306-691-5011 C 306-631-8779 Dale & Lois T 306-693-2127 email@example.com White Cap Charolais THE HOWES Annual Bull Sale 1st Wednesday in April Box 174 Stn Main, Moose Jaw, SK S6H 4N8 The Oram Family Mark & Deb • 306-796-7513 Nigel & Lindsay • 306-796-7725 Dane & Kirsten • 306-514-0994 Box 386, Central Butte, SK S0H 0T0 www.valleysend.ca USA breeders Charolais Connection • February 2023 90
Calendar of Events
M.C. Quantock Bull Sale, 12 noon, Lloydminster (SK) Exhibition Grounds February 1
Howe Coulee Charolais Private Treaty Bull Sale, at the farm, Moose Jaw, SK February 1
Wirstuk Farming & Ranching Private Treaty Bull Sale, at the farm, Cut Knife, SK February 4
Hill 70 Quantock Bull Sale, 12 noon, at the ranch, Lloydminster, AB February 10
Anchor D Ranch Bull Sale, at the ranch, Rimbey, AB February 11
Springside Farms Annual Bull Sale, Stettler Agri-Plex, Stettler, AB February 11
MJT Cattle Co Ltd. 29th Annual Bull Sale, 2 pm, at the Ranch Edgerton, AB February 11
Soderglen Select Bull Sale, 12 pm Airdrie, AB February 15
Steppler Farms 12th Annual Bull Sale, at the farm, Miami, MB February 18
Ross Lake Charolais Open House & Private Treaty Bull Sale, at the farm, Stettler, AB February 18
Prouse Ranch Charolais Bull Sale, 7 pm, at the farm, Invermay, SK (live online sale)
St. Martin Test Sale, St. Martin Test Station, QC February 18
P & H Ranching Co. Bull Sale, Innisfail (AB) Auction Mart February 18
Denbie Ranch with guests Myhre Land & Cattle & Bar J Charolais, 2 pm, Ste. Rose (MB) Auction Mart February 21
Rawes Ranches Performance Tested Charolais 40th Bull Sale, at the ranch, Strome, AB February 22
Saddleridge Charolais with Kaiser Cattle Co. Bull Sale, 1 pm, Bow Slope Shipping, Brooks, AB
McLeod Livestock & Triple M Farms Bull Sale, 1 pm, Cow Palace, Olds, AB February 22
Beck Farms Annual Bull Sale, at the farm, Milestone, SK February 23
Prairie Cove Charolais Bull & Select Female Sale, 1 pm, at the ranch, Bashaw, AB February 24
HEJ Charolais 18th Annual Bull Sale, 1 pm, at the farm, Innisfail, AB February 25
Kay-R Land & Cattle Bull Sale, at the farm, Waskatenau, AB February 25
RRTS Charolais Bull Sale, 1 pm, BC Livestock Co-op, Kamloops, BC February 25
Triple C Charolais Bull Sale, 1 pm, Ashern (MB) Auction Mart February 25
Quebec Select Bull Sale, Danville, QC February 26
Pro-Char Charolais 11th Annual Bull Sale, 1:30 pm, at the farm, Glenevis, AB February 27
BOB Charolais Bull Sale, 2 pm, Stettler (AB) Agriculture Society February 28
Acadia Colony Charolais Bull Sale, 1 pm, Dry Land Trading Corp, Veteran, AB March 3
Future Farms & Charworth Charolais Select Charolais Bull Sale, 1 pm, Innisfail (AB) Auction Mart March 3
Twin Anchor Charolais Bull Sale, 1 pm, Dry Land Trading Corp, Veteran, AB March 3
Nish Charolais 17th Annual Bull Sale, 6 pm, Perlich Bros. Auction Mart, Lethbridge, AB March 3
Southland Cattle Bull Sale, 1 pm, Heartland Livestock, Swift Current, SK March 3
DanG Charolais Bull Sale, at the farm, Colborne, ON
Turnbull Charolais & Guests Charolais Bull Sale, 1 pm, at the farm, Pincher Creek, AB March 4
Ferme Louber Annual Bull Sale, 1 pm, at the farm, Ste-Marie de Beauce, QC March 5
Legacy Charolais 6th Annual Bull Sale, 1 pm, at the farm, Botha, AB March 7
Johnson Ranching Bull Sale, 1 pm, Provost (AB) Livestock Exchange March 8
Pine Bluff Charolais & Fern Simmental Bull Sale, Farm Gate Online Auction, Love, SK March 9
McKeary Charolais & Fleming Livestock Corp. Tradition Bull Sale, 1:30 pm., Compeer (AB) Community Hall March 9
Nelson Family Ranches Charolais & Angus Bull Sale, 1 pm, Balog Auction, Lethbridge, AB March 10
CK Sparrow Farms Annual Bull Sale, 2 pm, at the farm, Vanscoy, SK March 10
Meridian Agriculture Co Ltd. Charolais Bull Sale, 1 pm, Acadia Valley, AB March 10
Northern Classic Charolais Bull Sale, 1 pm, Grand Prairie, AB March 11
Horseshoe E Charolais 25th Annual Bull Sale, 2 pm, at the farm, Kenaston, SK March 11
Blackbern/WhiteWater 12th Annual Charolais Bull Sale, 1:30 pm, Renfrew Pontiac Livestock Facility, Cobden, ON March 11
Phillips Charolais Farm Open House and Private Treaty Bull Sale, at the farm, Estevan, SK March 11
Oakstone Land & Cattle Farm Gate Timed Online Bull Sale, at the farm, Bawlf, AB March 11
Transcon’s Red Deer County Bull Sale, Innisfail (AB) Auction Mart
Charolais Connection • February 2023 91
IMPORTANT ACTIVITIES IN OUR INDUSTRY
Palmer Charolais 11th Annual Bull Sale, 2 pm, at the farm, Bladworth, SK March 14
Desertland Cattle Charolais Bull Sale, 5 pm, at the ranch, Sedalia, AB March 14
Harvie Ranching Bull Sale, 1 pm, at the ranch, Olds, AB March 14
DM Livestock Bull Sale Farm Gate Timed Auction, Carrot River, SK March 15
Cedarlea Farms Bull Sale, 1 pm, at the farm, Hodgeville, SK March 16
Footprint Farms Bull Sale, 3:30 pm, at the ranch, Esther, AB March 16
Northern Impact Bull Sale, 1 pm, North Central Livestock, Clyde, AB March 16
Creek’s Edge Land & Cattle Farm Gate Timed Online Bull Sale, Yellow Creek, SK March 17
High Bluff Stock Farm Charolais & Simmental Bull Sale, 2 pm, at the farm, Inglis, MB March 17
Reese Cattle Co. 14th Annual Bull Sale, 1 p.m, at the farm, Didsbury, AB March 17
Scott Stock Farm 10th Annual Bull Sale, 1 pm, at the farm, Crossfield, AB March 18
Rollin’ Acres/Whiskey Hollow & Guests 12th Annual Bull Sale, 2 pm, Maple Hill Auctions, Hanover, ON March 18
Thickness Sells 10th Annual Bull Sale, 2 pm, Atlantic Stockyards, Truro, NS March 18
AM Sunrise Farm 6th Annual Bull Sale, 1 pm, Northern Livestock sales, Lloydminster, SK March 18
Lazy S Charolais Bull Sale, 1 pm, VJV Auction Mart, Dawson Creek, BC March 18
Limestone Charolais Bull Sale, Clinton (BC) Rodeo Grounds March 18
Pleasant Dawn Charolais 21st Annual Bull Sale, 2 pm, at the farm, Oak Lake, MB
Select Genetics 17th Annual Bull Sale, 1 pm, Forsyth Ranch, Herbert, SK March 18
Sliding Hills Charolais 17th Annual Bull Sale, 1:30 pm, at the farm, Canora, SK March 20
Flat Valley Cattle Co. & K Lazy T Cattle Co. & Guests Simple as Black & White Bull Sale, 1 pm, Medicine Hat (AB ) Feeding Company March 20
Highway 21 Group Bull Sale, at the ranch, Hanna, AB March 20
TRI-N Charolais Farms 8th Annual Bull Sale, 2 pm, at the farm, Lenore, MB March 21
Poplar Bluff Stock Farm 6th Annual Bull Sale, 1 pm, Dryland Trading Corp., Veteran, AB March 21
Diamond W Charolais, Red & Black Angus 21st Annual Bull Sale, 1 pm, JTM Livestock, Minitonas, MB March 22
HTA Charolais Bull Sale, 1:30 pm, at the farm, Rivers, MB March 23
Elder Charolais 13th Annual Bull Sale, 1 pm, at the farm, Coronach, SK March 24
McTavish Farms & Guests 12th Annual Bull Sale, 1 pm, at the farm, Moosomin, SK March 24
Thistle Ridge Ranch Bull Sale, 1 pm, Perlich Bros Auctoin Mart, Lethbridge, AB March 25
K-Cow Ranch Bull Sale, 1 pm, at the ranch, Elk Point, AB March 25
Lazy S Cattle Co. Bull Sale, 6 pm, VJV Auction, Rimbey, AB March 25
McAvoy Charolais Bull Sale, at the farm, Arlee, SK March 25
Candiac Choice Bull Sale, 1 pm, Candiac (SK) Auction Mart March 25
Cornerview Charolais Bull Sale, 1:30 pm, at the farm, Cobden, ON March 25
Tee M Jay Charolais Bull Sale, 1 pm, Ashern (MB) Auction Mart
K-Cow Ranch Bull Sale, 1 pm, at the ranch, Elk Point, AB March 26
Best of the Breeds Bull Sale, 1:30 pm, Heartland Livestock Services, Yorkton, SK March 28
Prairie Distinction 9th Annual Charolais Bull Sale, 1 pm, Beautiful Plains Ag Complex, Neepawa, MB March 28
White Lake Colony Bull Sale, 1 pm, Balog Auction, Lethbridge, AB March 29
C2 Charolais Annual Bull Sale, 1 pm, at the farm, La Riviere, MB March 30
Charmark Ranches Bull Sale, 1 pm, Bow Slope Shipping, Brooks, AB March 31
Power Up Your Pasture Bull Sale, 1:30 pm, Stavely, AB April 1
Vermilion Charolais Group 37th Annual Bull Sale, 1 pm, Lakeview Charolais, Marwayne, AB April 1
Saunders Charolais 18th Annual Bull Sale, 2 pm, Keady (ON) Livestock Market April 1
Transcon’s 27th Annual Advantage Bull Sale, 1 pm, Saskatoon (SK) Livestock Sales April 1
Gilliland Bros. Charolais 11th Annual Bull Sale, 1:30 pm, at the farm, Carievale, SK April 1
Maritime Beef Test Station 50th Annual Bull Sale, Nappan, NS April 2
Stephen Charolais & Guests 6th Annual Muscle Up Bull Sale, 1 pm, Whitewood (SK) Livestock Sales April 3
North of the 49th 19th Annual Bull Sale, 1 pm, Wilgenbusch Charolais, Halbrite, SK April 3
Spirit of the North Bull Sale, 1 pm, Spiritwood (SK) Auction Mart April 5
Whitecap/Rosso Charolais & Howe Red Angus Bull Sale, 1 pm, Whitecap Charolais, Moose Jaw, SK
Charolais Connection • February 2023 92
Hunter Charolais 12th Annual Bull Sale, 1:30 pm, at the farm, Roblin, MB
Daines Cattle 28th Annual Bull & Female Sale, 1 pm, Innisfail (AB) Auction Mart
Flat Top Cattle Co. Bull Sale, at Taylor’s Red Angus, Cabri, SK April 8
Eastern Select Bull & Female Sale, 1 pm, Hoard’s Station Sale Barn, Campbellford, ON April 8
Brimner Cattle Co. Bull Sale, 1:30 pm, at the farm, Manor, SK April 8
Vanderhoof Bull Sale, Vanderhoof, BC
Top Cut Bull Sale, 2 pm, Stockman’s Weigh Co., Mankota, SK
White Meadow Charolais Bull Sale, Farm Gate Timed Online, Pipestone, MB
Acadia Ranching Charolais & Angus Bull Sale, 2 pm, Bow Slope Shipping, Brooks, AB April 15
Cedardale Charolais 19th Annual Bull Sale, 1 pm, Nestleton, ON April 15
Lindskov Ranches Bull Sale, at the ranch, Isabel, SD July 26-29
Canadian Charolais Youth Association Conference & Show Keystone Centre, Brandon, MB
MC QUANTOCK “CANADA’S BULLS” BULL SALE LLOYDMINSTER, SK • JANUARY 28, 2023
SPRINGSIDE FARMS ANNUAL BULL SALE ERSKINE, AB • FEBRUARY 11, 2023
STEPPLER FARMS ANNUAL BULL SALE MIAMI, MB • FEBRUARY 15, 2023
FEBRUARY FREEZE ALL BREEDS FROZEN GENETICS SALE ONLINE SALE • FEBRUARY 18, 2023
PRAIRIE COVE CHAROLAIS ANNUAL BULL & FEMALE SALE BASHAW, AB • FEBRUARY 23, 2023
HEJ CHAROLAIS BULL SALE INNISFAIL, AB • FEBRUARY 24, 2023
KAY-R LAND & CATTLE BULL SALE WASKATENAU, AB • FEBRUARY 25, 2023
SOUTHLAND CHAROLAIS & ANGUS BULL SALE SWIFT CURRENT, SK • MARCH 3, 2023
SPRINGSIDE CATTLE CO. SPRING STORM FROZEN GENETICS SALE DLMS.CA • MARCH 5, 2023
MERIDIAN AG BULL SALE ACADIA VALLEY, AB • MARCH 10, 2023
OAKSTONE LAND & CATTLE CHAROLAIS BULL SALE DLMS FARMGATE • MARCH 11, 2023
HIGHWAY 21 GROUP CHAROLAIS & SIMM/ANGUS BULL SALE HANNA, AB • MARCH 21, 2022
MCAVOY CHAROLAIS BULL SALE ARLEE, SK • MARCH 25, 2023
BEST OF THE BREEDS BULL SALE YORKTON, SK • MARCH 27, 2022
C2 CHAROLAIS ANNUAL BULL SALE KILLARNEY, MB • MARCH 30, 2022
SPIRIT OF THE NORTH BULL SALE SPIRITWOOD, SK • APRIL 4, 2022
Charolais Connection • February 2023 93
In a world where time is money, make www.charolaisbanner.com your one stop shop for Charolais news, sale catalogues, sale results, breeder websites and more.
A&L Robbins Ranching Ltd. 43
Alta Genetics Inc. 84
AM Sunrise Charolais Farm 89
Anderson Bred Heifers 22,23
Annuroc Charolais 88
B Bar D Charolais 88
Baker Farms 88
Balamore Farm Ltd. 88
Bar H Charolais 89
Beck Farms 20,21,89
Beef Cattle Research Council 82,83
Be-Rich Farms 85
Blackbern Farm 56,88
Bob Charolais 85
Bohrson Marketing Services 63
Borderland Cattle Co. 89
Bow Valley Genetics Ltd. 84
Brayshar Charolais 85
Bricney Stock Farm 89
Brimner Charolais 89
Buffalo Lake Charolais 85
By Livestock 6,11,29,30,31,53,69,IBC
Campbells Charolais 89
Carey Auction Services 84
Castle Rock Marketing 47
Cedardale Charolais 88
Cedarlea Farms 28,29,89
Charburg Charolais 58
Charla Moore Farms 89
Char-Lew Ranch 43,85
Char-Maine Ranching 85
Charmark Ranches 11,85
Charolais Journal 84
Char-Top Charolais 89
Charworth Charolais 85
Chomiak Charolais 85
Circle Cee Charolais 85
Circle G Simmentals & Angus 19
Cline Cattle Co. 67,87
Cockburn Farms 88
Cougar Hill Ranch 87
Coyote Flats Charolais 85
Creek’s Edge Land & Cattle 61,89
CSS Charolais 75
C2 Charolais 65,87
D & L Plewis Charolais 75,89
Desertland Cattle Co. 49
Diamond W Charolais 89
DM Livestock 70
Double P Stock Farm 87
Dowell Charolais 86
Dubuc Charolais senc 89
Eaton Charolais 90
Edge Livestock Inc. 84
Elder Charolais Farm 30,31,90
Fergus Family Charolais 88
Fern Creek Simmentals 53
Fischer Charolais 86
Flat Valley Cattle Co. 69,86
Fleury, Michael 84
Flewelling, Craig 84
Footprint Farms 86
Future Farms 86
Gallelli Charolais 86
Gilliland Bros. Charolais 90
Good Anchor Charolais 86
H.S. Knill Company Ltd. 85
Happy Haven Charolais 87
HardRock Land & Cattle Ltd. 87
Harvie Ranching 86
HEJ Charolais 25,86
Hicks Charolais 88
High Bluff Stock Farm 5,87
Highway 21 Group 9,86
Horseshoe E Charolais 59,90
Howe Coulee Charolais 51,90
HTA Charolais 3,87
Hunter Charolais 87,IBC
Hurlburt, Ryan 85
JMB Charolais 87
Johnson Charolais 73,86
Johnson Ranching 57,86
Johnstone Auction 85
June Rose Charolais 90
K Lazy T Cattle Co. 69
Kaiser Cattle Co. 27,86
Kay-R Land & Cattle Ltd. 32,86
KCH Charolais 87
Kemble Rock Farms 88
KG Land & Cattle 12,13
Kirlene Cattle 88
La Ferme Patry de Weedon 89
Langstaff Charolais 88
Leemar Charolais 86
Legacy Charolais 50,86
LEJ Charolais 88
Lindskov’s LT Ranch 90
Louber Farm 45
M&L Cattle Company 89
Maple Leaf Charolais 86
Martens Charolais 88
McAvoy Charolais 90
McKeary Charolais 86
McLeod Livestock 22,23,85
McTavish Farms 90
Medonte Farms 89
Meridian Agriculture Co. Ltd. 52
Miller Land & Livestock 89
Mutrie Farms 90
Myhre Land and Cattle 8,88
Nahachewsky Charolais 90
Nish Charolais 42
Norheim Ranching 85
OBI Livestock 69
P & H Ranching Co. 19,86
Palmer Charolais 7,90
Parsons Cattle Co. 86
Peno Valley Charolais 90
Phillips Farms 52,90
Pine Bluff Charolais 53
Pleasant Dawn Charolais 6,88
Poplar Bluff Stock Farm 64,86
Potter Charolais 89
Prairie Cove Charolais 86
Prairie Gold Charolais 90
Pro-Char Charolais 37,86
Prouse Ranch 39
R&G McDonald Livestock 88
Raffan, Don 85
Rawes Ranches 17,86
Reeleder, Andrew 85
Reese Cattle Company 77
Rollin’ Acres Charolais 89
Ross Lake Charolais 39,86
Rosso Charolais 90
Royale Charolais 89
Saddleridge Charolais 27,86
SanDan Charolais 87
Saunders Charolais 89
Scott Stock Farm 49,87
Serhienko Cattle Co. 90
Sharodon Farms 89
Skeels, Danny 85
Sliding Hills Charolais 63,90
Southland Cattle 47,90
Southside Charolais 87
Southview Farms 58,89
CK Sparrow Farms Ltd. IFC
Springside Farms 12,13,87
Spruce View Charolais 87
Stach Farms Charolais 87
Stephen Charolais 90
Steppler Farms Ltd. 14,15,88
Stock, Mark 85
Sugarloaf Charolais 62,87
Sunshine Oak Charolais 88
T Bar C Cattle Co. 9,12,13,25,47,52,85,93
Temple Farms 90
Thistle Ridge Ranch 87
Transcon Livestock 62,85
TRI-N Charolais 88
Triple C Charolais 35,88
Triple M Farms 22,23
Turnbull Charolais 43,87
Twin Anchor Charolais 87
Valley’s End Charolais 41,90
Wendt & Murray Farms Ltd. 87
Western Litho Printers 85
White Cap Charolais 90
White Lake Colony 71,87
White Meadow Charolais Ltd. 88
WhiteWater Livestock 56
Wiese Ag 12,13
Wilgenbusch Charolais 90,OBC
Wilkie Ranch 87
Wood River Charolais 90
Wrangler Charolais 87
Wright Livestock 42,43,61
Charolais Connection • February 2023 94 LOOKING TO FIND SOMEONE
Sale Manager: By Livestock • Helge By 306-536-4261 • www.bylivestock.com Delivery Available in Western Canada The bulls are on display for your viewing at the farm anytime. A Charolais family for over 40 years 12TH Annual Bull Sale THURSDAY APRIL 6th, 2023 • 1:30 PM DSt • AT THE FARM, ROBLIN, MB Hunter Charolais Box 569, Roblin, MB, R0L 1P0 Doug & Marianne Hunter T 204-937-2531 C 204-937-7737 • firstname.lastname@example.org Jimmy Hunter 204-937-0219 • Michael & Candace Hunter 204-247-0301 Hunter Charolais @HunterCharolais • www.huntercharolais.com Offering: 45 Yearling Charolais Bulls DC/CRJ TANK E108 P X LT LEDGER 0223 P BW 88 • ADJ 205 DW 798 HC 205K LT RANSOM 8644 X JWX DOWNTOWN 7C BW 113 • OCT 13 WW 1190 HC 242K LT INTERNATIONAL 9355 PLD X DIAMOND W KODIAK 1Z BW 94 • ADJ 205 DW 775 HC 210K LT RANSOM 8644 X DCR MR DUAL-THREAT D112 BW 84 • ADJ 205 DW 800 HC 243K SVY TRUST 6H X PLEASANT DAWN CHISUM 216A BW 108 • ADJ 205 DW 779 HC 2157K HC HIGH COUNTRY 2H X KCM ULTIMATE 144Y BW 110 • ADJ 205 DW 787 HC 2107K