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2 11 ANNUAL REPORT

FONDS FRANÇAIS POUR L’ENVIRONNEMENT MONDIAL

The FFEM supporting global environment


FONDS FRANÇAIS POUR L'ENVIRONNEMENT MONDIAL

2011 ANNUAL REPORT

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Key figures Balancing protection of the global environment with development Forward from the Secretary-General of FFEM

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FFEM’s MISSION

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ORGANISATION

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KEY POINTS 2011 The FFEM and forests

12 ACTIVITIES IN 2011 BY TOPIC AREA 14 Map of projects identified and launched in 2011 16 Biodiversity 21 Small-Scale Initiatives Programme (SSI) 22 Climate change 26 International waters 28 Land degradation and persistent organic pollutants 30 Stratospheric ozone layer

     

32 GENERATING AND SHARING KNOW-HOW 38 40 41 42 45 46

ANNEXES The project cycle Main acronyms List of projects identified and launched in 2011 Progress report 1994 - 2011 2011 benchmarks for communication activities


KEY FIGURES* 18 projects approved for funding for a total amount of

€ 26M

41% biodiversity 51% climate change 8% international waters

84% of its involvement focused on Africa and the Mediterranean

ADF - AGENCE ISTANBUL

* without ozone projects

The average amount of a FFEM grant is close to

€ 1.5M

The proportion of funding from the FFEM represents nearly of the total project cost.

21%

  FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011


THE FRENCH GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY Balancing protection of the global environment with development GRANTS FOR PRACTICAL AND INNOVATIVE PROJECTS

The FFEM is a funding instrument for French bilateral cooperation and development policy dedicated to environmental protection, involved since 1994 in six areas of the global environment: biodiversity, climate change, international waters, land degradation, persistent organic pollutants and the stratospheric ozone layer.

Consistent with the action of French development aid and that of its multilateral counterparts, the Global Environment Facility, the FFEM implements projects which contribute to achieving the objectives of international conventions signed by France, combining economic and social development for the beneficiary countries with environmental protection. The FFEM finances, exclusively through grants, projects and sustainable development programmes in emerging and developing countries. More than 65% of its involvement is focused on sub-Saharan Africa and the Mediterranean.

A place for coordinating French bilateral aid and multilateral aid, it encourages, through its projects, innovation, research and experimentation, as well as mobilising multi-organisation partnerships. Under the vigilant supervision of its Scientific and Technical Committee, the FFEM supports innovation within the topic areas and geographical areas in which it is involved and in the instruments and organisations that it mobilises. Its relatively modest grants (€1.1 million on average from 1994 to 011) have a substantial leveraging effect, around €1 for every €10 per project.

The projects financed by the FFEM are promoted by one of the six member institutions of its Steering Committee: Ministry of the Economy, Finance and Industry, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs, Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development, Transport and Housing, Ministry of Higher Education and Research, Ministry of Agriculture, Food, Fisheries, Rural Affairs and Spatial Planning, Agence Française de Développement (AFD). The Steering Committee is chaired by the Directorate-General for the Treasury of the Ministry of the Economy, Finance and Industry, which is also responsible for monitoring its institutional performance. 05/04/2012

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THE FRENCH GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY

A PARTNER FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

"One of the leading instruments in French cooperation and development policy in terms of climate change, biodiversity, international waters, desertification and land degradation, protection of the ozone layer and persistent organic pollutants"

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EDITORIAL FRANçOIS-XAVIER DUPORGE SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE FFEM

Strengthened by its fifth four-year replenishment cycle (2011-2014) with an amount of 95 million euros, the French Global Environment Facility (FFEM) started 2011, declared by the United Nations as "International Year of Forests", with a double mission: to continue playing a unique role within the French system of cooperation, i.e. supporting innovation and coordinating bilateral and multilateral aid, and to make a special effort within the area of forest preservation. 2011: Greater commitment to the protection of forests

In 2011, the FFEM awarded grants amounting to 26 million euros spread over 18 projects, i.e. an increase of 24% in comparison to the previous year. Seven projects focused on forest protection for an amount of €13.25m. Efforts will be continued in 2012.

FRANCK RIBAS / BRLi

In 2011, the FFEM continued to fulfil its mandate of contributing to France's international commitments within areas of the global environment. As part of France's commitment for forests over 3 years (2010-2012) through early funding known as "fast-start" from the Copenhagen agreement, the FFEM has increased its commitments to the benefit of projects contributing to activities that Reduce Emissions caused by Deforestation and the Degradation of forests in developing countries (REDD+). The FFEM therefore showed that it was an effective and reactive channel capitalising on existing expertise and quickly launching any activities.

Consisting of more than two thirds of the funding, the fight against climate change and protecting biodiversity remain at the heart of the FFEM's activities. In addition to the 18 projects approved at the launching stage, the Steering Committee has approved 9 projects at the identification stage for a total amount of €11.26 million, under the supervision and expertise of its Scientific and Technical Committee. The FFEM's involvement is mainly concentrated in Africa and the Mediterranean that is consistent with its strategic initiatives for intervention.

A mission to generate and share knowledge Learning from its pilot and innovative experiences, in order to standardise and distribute new methods and practices, is a key strategy of the FFEM. The International Year of Forests was the occasion to highlight its ten years of experience with regard to protecting biodiversity within the forestry sector in Africa, by drawing on in particular the results from an external retrospective evaluation. Thirteen "biodiversity projects" financed in the Congo Basin for an amount of €14.8m between 1999 and 2010 have been assessed, as well as 25 projects financed on the small-scale initiatives programme. This demonstrates the strong commitment of the FFEM within a region that is vital for dealing with the challenges of conserving biodiversity.

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THE FFEM

Its mission To promote protection of the global environment in developing countries

A financial instrument and a partner for sustainable development In supporting French cooperation policy in terms of protection of the global environment, the FFEM co-finances sustainable development projects in connection with the Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEA) signed by France. The FFEM's actions are part of an economic and social development strategy for beneficiary countries which goes above and beyond protection of the environment in the strictest sense. Always a minority in respect of its funding contribution, the FFEM plays a catalyst role in increasing funding for the benefit of developing countries. It establishes partnerships with different parties: donors, public bodies, private businesses, researchers, local authorities, non-governmental organisations or foundations.

Actions of the FFEM are consistent with the broad guidelines set down by the French Government in respect of the environment since the World Earth Summit in 00, with the principles of the Environment Charter adopted in 005, as well as with the national strategy for sustainable development and its international aspect. They are also in line with decisions made by the Interministerial Committee on International Cooperation and Development (CICID), within its sectoral strategies "climate development-energy", "water", "fight against desertification" and "environment". Finally, the FFEM's actions meet the guidelines of international environmental conventions to which France has subscribed.

( 05/04/2012)

Each project or programme co-financed by the FFEM is presented under the responsibility of one of the six member institutions of its Steering Committee: > the Ministry of the Economy, Finance and Industry (MINEFI), > the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs (MAEE), > the Ministry for Ecology, Sustainable Development, Transport and Housing (MEDDTL), > the Ministry of Higher Education and Research (MESR), > the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, Fisheries, Rural Affairs and Spatial Planning (MAAPRAT), > the Agence Française de Développement (AFD). The projects and the programmes co-financed by the FFEM are prepared, presented, monitored and assessed by one or several member institutions of the Steering Committee, drawing on the opinions from the Scientific and Technical Committee of the FFEM. The Secretariat of the Facility provides support for the processing, monitoring, capitalisation and communication processes on the projects.



THE STEERING COMMITTEE (05/04/2012) MINISTRY OF THE ECONOMY, FINANCE AND INDUSTRY - Directorate-General for the Treasury

Department of Multilateral Affairs and Development Rémy Rioux (Chairman) Deputy Director for Multilateral Financial Affairs and Development Alain Damais Head of the Development Assistance and Multilateral Development Institutions Thomas Gosset Head of Project Assistance MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AND EUROPEAN AFFAIRS - Directorate-General of Global Affairs, Development and Partnerships

François Gave Philippe Martinet

Deputy Director for the Environment and Natural Resources Deputy Director for Climate and Energy

MINISTRY FOR ECOLOGY, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, TRANSPORT AND HOUSING - Directorate of European and International Affairs

Marine de Carné

Deputy Director for Climate Change and Sustainable Development

MINISTRY OF HIGHER EDUCATION AND RESEARCH - Directorate-General for Research and Innovation

Ary Bruand

Scientific Director for the Environment Sector, Planet-Universe, Space

MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, FOOD, FISHERIES, RURAL AFFAIRS AND SPATIAL PLANNING - Directorate-General for Agriculture, Food and Territory Policies

Marie-Hélène Le Hénaff

Deputy Director for International Trade

AGENCE FRANçAISE DE DéVELOPPEMENT

Jean-Bernard Véron Robert Peccoud

  FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011

Advisor to the Strategy Director Head of the Strategy Directorate’s Department for Research


THE SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL COMMITTEE



Organisation The FFEM has a specific governance structure with an Interministerial Steering Committee, a high-level Scientific and Technical Committee and a Secretariat which ensures the management of the operational and strategic cycles.

Lucien Chabason Advisor to the Directorate of the Institute of Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI)

Chaired by a representative from the Ministry of the Economy (Directorate-General for the Treasury, Department of International Financial Affairs and Development), the Steering Committee delivers its opinion during meetings throughout the year on the general policy of the FFEM, its geographical focus, its areas of intervention, its methods and its resources. It decides on the projects to be identified after consulting the Scientific and Technical Committee and approves their financing; it also appoints the members of the Scientific and Technical Committee which has an advisory role with the FFEM.

Patrick Duncan Research Director, CNRS Philippe Freyssinet Assistant Director-General for the National Research Agency (ANR) Anne Gouyon Agricultural Economist - founding member of BeCitizen Michel Hamelin Energy and climate expert Alain Karsenty Socio-economist, CIRAD Doyle Mc Key University Professor - Researcher at Montpellier II University

A rigorous analysis and evaluation process

Louis-Alexandre Romaña Scientific Director "Coastal Environment" Directorate for Projection and Scientific Strategy, IFREMER

The FFEM has a Scientific and Technical Committee that consists of eleven individuals recognised for their economic, environmental and social competence within the areas covered by the FFEM.

A Secretariat for the dynamic management of operations The Secretariat of the FFEM constitutes the third body of the FFEM alongside the Steering Committee, a decision-making body, and the Scientific and Technical Committee (CST), a consultative body. It is the operational body of the Facility.

Michel Griffon Chairman of the CST Scientific Adviser to the Directorate-General for the National Research Agency (ANR) Marc Bied-Charreton Professor and Chairman of the French Scientific Committee on Desertification University of Versailles Saint Quentin Yvelines

Interministerial governance

Jacques Varet BRGM, Advisor to the CEO

THE SECRETARIAT



The Scientific and Technical Committee is a consultative and advisory body for projects and sectoral strategies of the FFEM. Its role involves making recommendations at the project identification stage and at the stage for committing funds. It initiates and carries out studies relating to scientific and technical aspects of the global environment. It also participates in initiatives aimed at informing and raising the awareness of French and international partners on the challenges of the global environment.

(05/04/2012)

(05/04/2012)

Secretary-General François-Xavier Duporge Jacqueline Mattioli Coordinating Assistant Biodiversity and Small-Scale Initiatives Programme Julien Calas Land degradation and forests Christophe Du Castel International waters and POP's Janique Etienne Climate change Denis Vasseur Protection of the ozone layer - Montreal Protocol Béatrice Vincent (external expert)

The Secretariat is assigned to the Agence Française de Développement which provides it with the material and human resources necessary for its operation. In order to carry out the tasks of the FFEM, the State has authorised the AFD to sign agreements and contracts relating to projects financed by the FFEM.

General and Budgetary Affairs Dominique Boirard Laurence Alligbonnon Monitoring financing agreements Elisabeth Carpentier Monitoring of disbursements Communication Valérie Fakir

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2011 KEY POINTS

BIODIVERSITY

24/01 to 27/01 (Guadeloupe)

Conference on the Marine Protected Areas of the Caribbean

 CLIMATE CHANGE 28/11 to 11/12 (Durban, South Africa)

17th Conference of the Parties climate COP-17 The 1th Conference of the Parties, which was held this year in South Africa, sought to reach an international agreement around combating climate change. Concessions had to be made by different Member States on the level of ambition in order to guarantee both the applicability and credibility of the agreement. However, the conference enabled visible progress to be made towards the establishment of a postKyoto international agreement. Two representatives from the FFEM Secretariat were present at Durban in order to present three pilot actions co-financed by the FFEM at the time of the workshops organised alongside the negotiations.

 LAND DEGRADATION

Organised by the National Park of Guadeloupe with assistance from the Marine Protected Areas Agency and from the CAR-SPAW, this event gathered around one hundred specialists from various backgrounds (scientists, politicians, administrators and professionals from the maritime sector) in order to discuss the marine reserves of the Caribbean. The meeting enabled subjects to be addressed which are part of a regional context, in particular those of MPAs, fishing, tourism and conservation of the manatee in the Antilles.

BIODIVERSITY 07/02 (Paris)

Conference "What is the future for the coral reefs? "

March 2011

Launching of the regional programme for sustainable land management (PRGDT) Targeting the Sahelian regions of West Africa, this programme aims to secure the population's income and reduce their vulnerability. Thanks to partnerships between regional and local authorities in the North and South, this places at the centre of the fight against desertification, the people and the Institutions directly confronted with the process of land degradation. The objective is to improve their income from the exploitation of natural resources, by integrating methods of sustainable land management.

In connection with the French Year of Overseas Territories and the end of the International Year of Biodiversity, the purpose of this conference was to present and define the role and direction of France in respect of protecting the coral reefs. France includes 10% of the planets coral reefs, for this purpose action in overseas territories has been promoted by French policymakers and the international community.

STRATOSPHERIC OZONE LAYER 21/11 to 25/11 (Bali, Indonesia)

23rd meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer The main challenge of this meeting was negotiating the 8th replenishment of the Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund for the period from 01 to 014, of which France is the 4th largest contributor. The budget adopted amounted to 450 million US dollars. France contributed .5 million euros per year for this same period, 01 - 014.

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BIODIVERSITY 06/10 (Paris)

Conference presenting the results of 20 years of intervention by the AFD and FFEM within the forestry sector in the Congo Basin

FRANCK RIBAS / BRLi

FRANCK RIBAS / BRLi

FRANCK RIBAS / BRLi

This conference was the occasion for the FFEM and the AFD to present the results of the retrospective evaluations of forestry projects that have been running for 0 years in the Congo Basin. Still within the framework of the International Year of Forests, the purpose of the contributions of these evaluations was to specify the French political approach, particularly in connection with the update of the White Paper on tropical forests.

2011 was d e c l a re d I n t e r n ational Year of the Forest by the United Nations Assembly, reflecting the determination of the international community to support and encourage initiatives concerning sustainable management and the protection of forests. It was during the United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF) held for the 9th time from 2 January to 4 February in New York, that the major role of forests was emphasised for the 1.6 billion people who depend on them. Particular attention focused on the methods for financing development and support in order to improve preservation of forest resources.

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THE FFEM AnD FORESTS

FORESTS - A FEW FIGuRES > Forests occupy 40 million km2 of the Earth's surface, i.e. 30% of the landmass.

FUNCTIONS PROVIDED BY THE FORESTS

> Each year, 80,000 km2 of forest is destroyed, i.e. a surface area equivalent to that of a country such as Austria.

Forests ensure economic and social functions: 1. billion people are dependent on forests and their resources to live.

> Certification of forest products which guarantees sustainable forestry covers 90 million hectares, i.e. 2.3% of the world's forests.

Forests fulfil essential functions for the ecosystems. They constitute reservoirs of biodiversity with a concentration of nearly 80% of terrestrial species . Furthermore, trees take in large quantities of atmospheric carbon dioxide, the forests therefore constitute "carbon sinks" and store significant quantities of greenhouse gases (GHG). Deforestation would be responsible for 20% of GHG emissions. In addition, deforestation destabilises the water cycle by accelerating the process of surface run-off and speeds up land degradation mechanisms.

Source : ONF

> Certain NGOs go as far as predicting the total disappearance of Amazonian forests by 2030 if deforestation continues at its current rate.

PUBLICATION COnSERvInG BIODIvERSITy In THE COnGO BASIn

This publication constitutes the summary of an external evaluation of “biodiversity” projects co-financed by the FFEM in the Congo Basin. It draws on a retrospective evaluation exercise conducted in 2010. It presents the contributions made by 13 projects financed between 1997 and 2010. FREnCH COMMITMEnTS TO FOR REDD+

This study, carried out in conjunction with the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO), reflects on the future of eco-certified timber products on the European market. It was carried out as part of the ECOFORAF project, cofinanced by the FFEM and which aims to promote the sustainable management of forest resources in the Congo Basin, that is consistent with the preservation of forest areas and environmental services which they ensure.

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This brochure presents the undertakings of the FFEM with regards to REDD+, using a range of projects. The FFEM’s experience and its network of bodies enable it to intervene by assisting in the preparation of REDD+ pilot activities and during their implementation.

FFEM ACTIOn TO PRESERvE BIODIvERSITy In THE COnGO BASIn

This brochure presents different experiences of biodiversity conservation in the Congo Basin that have been co-financed by the FFEM. The FFEM is one of the leading donors in the Congo Basin for the conservation of biodiversity.

AFD - AGENCE LIBREVILLE

CERTIFIED WOOD MARkET STuDy


FRANCK RIBAS / BRLi

FRANCK RIBAS / BRLi

FRANCK RIBAS / BRLi

THE FFEM AND FORESTS In 011, the FFEM made forests its priority. This common issue concerns all of its areas of activity and mainly the "biodiversity" and "climate change" aspects. In line with international guidelines and France’s commitments, the involvement of the FFEM is consistent with the commitments undertaken during the United Nations Climate Change Conference at Copenhagen in 2009. The developed countries committed to financing action to combat the degradation of forests to the sum of 30 billion dollars between 2010 and 2012. France committed to allocating funds to the fight against deforestation, which are in part deployed by the FFEM. The FFEM encourages projects that seek to sequester carbon, particularly through the preservation of forests. It also participates in the implementation of forestry product certification and develops mechanisms that economically enhance forest resources.

The REDD+ mechanism: Reducing Emissions resulting from Deforestation and forest Degradation in developing countries. This international mechanism seeks to reward the efforts of countries with tropical forests which are committed to reducing deforestation and the degradation of forests within their territories, to conserving their forests and to increasing carbon stocks. These efforts include activities for: > reducing emissions caused by deforestation and forest degradation; > conserving and reinforcing forestry carbon stocks; > sustainable forest management. The Cancùn Agreement sets down 18 recommendations and safeguard clauses which are applied in the implementation of these activities. In particular, respect for local populations, the protection of biodiversity and the non-conversion of natural forests appear within these clauses and recommendations.

PROJECTS LAunCHED In 2011 CONCERNING FORESTS 7 from 18 projects launched in 011 concern forests. They reflect 4 strategic initiatives: > To understand forests. the processes of deforestation and forest degradation (DynAfFor); > To innovate sustainable management for forest ecosystems (Gilé national reserve); > To improve the governance of territories (optimise the production of goods and services by forest ecosystems, Mediterranean); > To implement pilot REDD+ actions (Promoting the potential of REDD+ for the sustainable development of the Rio Magdalena).

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F. NIMAL - FIBA

L’oued Chibka Valley, Mauritania

ACTIvITIES BY TOPIC AREA

    

Biodiversity Climate change International waters Land degradation, persistent organic pollutants (POPs) Stratospheric ozone layer

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P. PERCHERoN

Hole in the ozone layer – the dark areas correspond to a deficit

L. TRIBY

Lake Lalolalo, New Caledonia

F. NIMAL / FIBA

Coffee from a reconstituted agro-forestry system, Madagascar

By awarding grants to innovative projects for economic and social development that have a significant and lasting impact on the global environment, the FFEM contributes to the fulfilment of commitments that France has subscribed to within the framework of international conventions on the environment and enables emphasis to be placed on its priorities, particularly geographical.

Kaw marsh natural reserve, French Guyana

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IDENTIFIED OR LAUNCHED In 2011, the FFEM concentrated operations in Africa and in the Mediterranean, in line with its objectives. The FFEM also continued its mission to protect global environment in Latin America, Asia and the Pacific and Eastern Europe.

FFEM intervention zone Number of projects launched or identified in 011

   

Sub-Saharan Africa and Mediterranean Latin America Asia and Pacific Eastern Europe

1

1

21 4

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BIODIVERSITY AFRICA (Regional) – launched « Save our Species » (SoS) FFEM contribution: €1 M Total amount: €11.2 M KENYA – launched Conservation project in North Kenya FFEM contribution: €1.5 M Total amount: €12.6 M AFRICA (Regional) – identified and launched Small-Scale Initiatives Programme 3 FFEM contribution: € M Total amount: €4.4 M AFRICA (Regional) – launched Structure and dynamic of Central African Forests (DynAFor) FFEM contribution: €.5 M (Phase 1 and 2) Total amount: €6.8 M AFRICA (Regional) – identified and launched Phare programme "Biodiversity modelling and scenarios" of the FRB FFEM contribution: €1 M Total amount: €4.6 M AFRICA (Regional) – identified Certified natural products to preserve biodiversity and support local development in Southern Africa FFEM contribution: €0.9 M Total amount: €3 M MAURITANIA – identified Capital contribution to the Banc d'Arguin and Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Trust Fund (BACoMAB) FFEM contribution: €1. M Total amount: €18.4 M GUATEMALA – identified and launched Sustainability of community co-management and conservation mechanisms for biodiversity in the Guatemalan system of protected areas FFEM contribution: €1.5 M Total amount: €3.6 M BRAzIL – identified Experimental platform for the management of rural territories in the Legal Amazon (PETRA) FFEM contribution: € M€ Total amount: €8.6 M€ EUROPE (Regional) – launched Conservation and promotion of biodiversity: sustainable development of the Balkan Mountains FFEM contribution: €1. M Total amount: €3.8 M€

CLIMATE CHANGE

INTERNATIONAL WATERS

AFRICA (Regional) – launched Support for the development and structuring of the jatropha farming sector in West Africa FFEM contribution: €1.1 M Total amount: €5 M

AFRICA (Regional) – identified and launched Integrated and coordinated management of water resources from the aquifer systems of Iullemeden, Taoudeni/Tanezrouft and the Niger river FFEM contribution: €0.5 M Total amount: €2 M

AFRICA (Regional) – launched Strengthening capabilities and accessing satellite data to monitor forests in Central and Western Africa FFEM contribution: €1. M (Phase 1) Total amount: €14.6 M AFRICA (Regional) – launched African Carbon Asset Development FFEM contribution: € M Total amount: €6 M AFRICA (Regional) – launched Programme supporting the definition of lowcarbon and climate resilient development strategies FFEM contribution: €1.5 M Total amount: €5 M AFRICA (Regional) – identified and launched Africompost FFEM contribution: €1 M Total amount: €7.1 M MOzAMBIqUE – identified and launched Pilot project to combat deforestation and the degradation of the Miombo forest in the Gilé national reserve and its peripheral areas FFEM contribution: € M Total amount: €5 M AFRICA (Regional) – identified Programme supporting the supply and sustainable use of biomass energy in Asia and Africa FFEM contribution: € M Total amount: €6 M AFRICA (Regional) – identified Support for the "LIVELIHooD Fund" FFEM contribution: €1. M Total amount: €31.5 M

AFRICA (Regional) – identified and launched Preservation of Lake Chad: Contributing to the lake's development strategy FFEM contribution: €0.8 M Total amount: €12.4 M

AFRICA (Regional) – identified Contribution to the sustainable management and conservation of the marine environment in the south-west area of the Indian ocean: support for local innovation and partnerships FFEM contribution: €1 M Total amount: €3.2 M

LATIN AMERICA (Regional) – identified Establishment of long-term financing funds for the Marine Protected Areas network and the Meso-American Reef Coastlines FFEM contribution: €1.1 M Total amount: €9.2 M VIETNAM – identified Supporting the sustainable development of the Ha Long Bay and its region FFEM contribution: €1 M Total amount: €3.4 M MEDITERRANEAN (Regional) – launched Strengthening the management network of Marine Protected Areas in the Mediterranean FFEM contribution: €0.8 M Total amount: €1.7 M

COLOMBIA – identified and launched Promoting the potential of REDD+ and the CDM for the sustainable development of the Rio Magdelena FFEM contribution: €1.5 M Total amount: €10 M LAND DEGRADATION, POP MEDITERRANEAN (Regional) – identified and launched optimising the production of goods and services by Mediterranean forest ecosystems within the context of global changes FFEM contribution: €. M (Phase 1and 2) Total amount: €8.5 M

AFRICA (Regional) – identified Development of a fair trade gold mining sector in West Africa FFEM contribution: €0.9 M Total amount: €2.6 M

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FRANCK RIBAS / BRLi

Biodiversity is the FFEM's main area of intervention today, absorbing almost 50% of its commitments to projects. FRANCK RIBAS / BRLi

FRANCK RIBAS / BRLi

BIODIvERSITy

The FFEM action focuses on the management of natural resources and their economic value.

Biodiversity represents both the diversity of living beings and their ecosystems. It also includes the interaction which exists between them and their living environment. Its conservation ensures that life is supported on Earth and that our societies and economies function over the long-term. To contribute to France's international commitments by way of the Convention on Biological Diversity, the FFEM acts according to the major challenges examined within the framework of this Convention. Therefore, it finances the expansion of protected land and marine areas throughout the world and the reinforcement of existing protected areas. It involves the various bodies concerned in the sustainable and efficient management of protected areas and their surrounding areas.

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Its intervention is consistent with the approach for spatial planning and management of the natural landscape, in In 011, the FFEM specifically which community involved itself with projects management and for the sustainable managemanagement by ment of forests, seeking to local authorities is promote development initiaencouraged. tives for the certification of forestry products.

Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) of biodiversity agreed as part of the Nagoya Protocol (010) is integrated in the FFEM's actions.

It supports projects that guarantee the rights of populations to genetic resources and the safeguarding of traditional forms of knowledge while enabling the economic promotion of biodiversity products.

The mobilisation of resources for conserving biodiversity

The FFEM seeks to develop new financing methods by supporting the creation and the reinforcement of fiduciary funds and innovative funds, particularly in Africa. It promotes sharing experiences and the creation of networks for various existing funds.


Mother and cub Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia) © JoHN STAHL

THE BIODIVERSITY

portfolio

118 projects for total grants of € 123.9M of which € 119.8M are already committed to 115 projects.

5%

Geographical distribution

% %

% Country / Region

Africa Sub-Saharan and Mediterranean

number of projects

Latin America Asia and Pacific Eastern Europe Total

Grants to identified projects in €

Total project cost in €

76

81 420 530 645 360 388

29 9 4 118

31 053 628 296 154 729 7 681 466 59 691 977 3 792 604 21 754 528 123 948 228 1 022 961 622

PROTECTInG ENDANGERED SPECIES Leading institution: MEDDTL Amount: €11.235m of which the FFEM's contribution is: €1m Beneficiary: IUCN International Partners: GEF (€3.5m), World Bank (€3.57m), IUCN (€1.66m), private sector (€1.5m)

AFRICA

REGIONAL



Ecosystems constitute the framework of all forms of life and human activity. During the last 50 years, they have been severely affected by human activity. If this trend persists, the availability of goods and services derived from ecosystems for future generations will be seriously threatened. Investing in natural capital today is therefore both an economic and social necessity, to guarantee our long-term well-being. It is within this context that the Save our Species (SoS) initiative came to light. The project proposes the implementation of a financing mechanism for endangered species. It is directed at organisations (industries, institutions, countries) that have an endangered animal or plant as a logo, and more broadly at all organisations willing to invest in the protection of species and their habitats. The SoS project intends to use the attractiveness of species to mobilise the private sector around the challenges of preserving biodiversity and to communicate these challenges to the general public. Therefore, the project is consistent with the new strategic plan of the Convention on Biological Diversity discussed at Nagoya in october 2010.

NILS DEVERNoIS / AFD

PROJECT

"Save our Species" Project

This project has materialised particularly through the creation of an "endangered species" fund, an innovative financial instrument, intended to fund field projects implemented by the civil society. The project also intends to develop knowledge about endangered species and their habitats. Therefore, it should significantly contribute to the preservation of biodiversity and to sustainable development.

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For 61, 914 species evaluated: > 801 are extinct - 64 are extinct in the wild > 3, 879 are in critical danger of extinction - 5, 689 are in danger and 10, 002 are vulnerable.

FRANCK RIBAS

A FEW FIGuRES

Source: IUCN Red list



AFRICA

REGIONAL

FACILITATInG THE CoNSTRUCTIoN oF TooLS FoR PRoJECTING CHANGES IN BIoDIVERSITY

PROJECT

Phare programme "Biodiversity modelling and scenarios" Leading institution: MESR Amount: €4.645m of which the FFEM's contribution is: €1m Beneficiary: Foundation for Research on Biodiversity (FRB) Partners: FRB (€3.495m), RAPAC (€0.15m)

Guiding decision-making to improve the integration of biodiversity in human activities and the sustainable management of this biodiversity, with greater coordination between research and action, in particular for countries in the Southern hemisphere, where the main challenges for the sustainable management of biodiversity are concentrated. At this level, there is now a growing demand from society for the development of scenarios on the changes affecting biodiversity.

FRANçoIS VERDEAUX

In this context, the Foundation for Research on Biodiversity (FRB) launched a Phare programme in 2010 entitled "Biodiversity modelling and scenarios" that aims to support and structure French research in this emerging area, by involving scientists from various disciplines and organisations of society. In effect, coordination between researchers, field workers and local decision-makers was not sufficient. Under these conditions, it was decided to establish a partnership with the FFEM in order to better identify the needs of organisations on the ground in the Southern hemisphere and to meet their expectations more easily. This partnership will enable the potential of the programme to be maximised in order to apply the research results directly on the ground.

Building and harvesting a hive in the Ethiopian South-West.

18  FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011

The overall objective is to facilitate the construction of tools for projecting changes in biodiversity and ecosystem services caused by global and local changes within countries in the Southern hemisphere. The main impact expected from the project is the consideration of scenarios for biodiversity - in other words the possible responses of biodiversity to disruption in the political management of natural resources in the Southern hemisphere.


COnSERvInG BIoDIVERSITY IN GUATEMALA

Sustainability of community co-management and conservation mechanisms for biodiversity in the Guatemalan system of protected areas Leading institution: MEDDTL Amount: €3.576m of which the FFEM's contribution is: €1.496m Beneficiary: Foundation for eco-development and conservation (FUNDAECo) Partners: BNP-REDD+ (€0.6m), INAB (€0.5m), European Union (€0.45m), FCA (€0.3m), CoNAP (€0.14m), INGUAT (€0.05m), Alstom Foundation (€0.04m)

LATIN AMERICA

GUATEMALA

From 2004 to 2009 FUNDAECo, the Foundation for eco-development and conservation, implemented a "management model for protected areas" with a high level of community involvement. This project proposes the extension and adaptation of these innovations to new contexts at 11 sites spread throughout 3 regions of the country.



ISToCKPHoTo

PROJECT

BIoDIVERSITY

GUATEMALA’S HERITAGE

A cultural issue and a driver of sustainable development

The project seeks to address to two fundamental issues. The first is the realisation of negotiated and fair agreements between Indian communities, municipalities and the State on the ways for managing space and resources in protected areas and on economic compensation for restricted access to resources. The second is that of the sustainability of initiatives for protecting natural resources and biodiversity, a problem particularly more crucial as certain international financing is not currently renewed. The project targets greater protection and the restoration of 140,000 hectares of forests, including the preservation of Mayan archaeological sites in the Peten area. By involving representatives from these villages, municipalities and organisations as well as local Indians, it develops participation and management bodies in order to improve the local governance of these protected spaces. The project should allow the development of 140,000 hectares of forest for the purpose of storing carbon or promoting sustainable forestry. The project also targets the development of eco-tourist sites (infrastructures, training, promotion and sale of touristic products etc.) in order to provide income to the villagers. Finally, it contributes to promoting the transition towards a more ecological agricultural sector in protected areas.

THE FFEM AT THE MAYA EXHIBITION A partnership with the Ministry for Sustainable Development and the quai Branly From June to October, this exhibition presented 150 pieces of which the majority came from the "El Mirador" Basin, the cradle of Maya civilisation in Guatemala. This site constitutes one of three geographical areas concerned by the project for the Sustainability of community co-management and conservation mechanisms for biodiversity in the Guatemalan system of protected areas, co-financed by the FFEM. FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011 

19


V. JoGUET / AFD



MEDITERRANEAN

REGIONAL

PRESERvInG MEDITERRANEAN MARINE ECoSYSTEMS Strengthening the management network of Marine Protected Areas in the Mediterranean (MedPan) Turkey, Syria, the Lebanon, Egypt, Libya,

Leading institution: MEDDTL Amount: €1.66m of which the FFEM's contribution is €0.75m Beneficiary: MedPan Association Partners: CAR/ASP (€0.06m), MEDDTL (€0.15m), Marine Protected Areas Agency (€0.04m), Local authorities (€0.133m), MAVA Foundation (€0.329m), Albert II of Monaco Foundation (€0.13m), Total Foundation (€0.03m), WWF (€0.044m)

V. JoGUET / AFD

PROJECT

Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Albania

The Mediterranean sea only represents 0.7% of the world's oceans. Its position between three continents makes it one of the richest seas in the world from the point of view of biodiversity, with a large proportion of endemic species (28%). Therefore, the Mediterranean habitat has a unique nature. However, the Mediterranean sea is particularly endangered. In effect, 150 million people live in the coastal regions and on the islands, to which 200 million tourists are added each year as well as the expansion of economical activity. This is the source of an increase in a variety of pollution which has a negative impact on marine ecosystems. This phenomenon risks being accentuated by the effects of climate change. In order to respond to these threats, more than one hundred Marine Protected Areas (MPA) were created in the Mediterranean. The MPAs are recognised as effective tools for protecting marine biodiversity. In effect, they constitute a refuge for endangered species and prevent the deterioration of their habitats. Their benefits generally extend well beyond the protected area. The objective of the project supported by the FFEM is to strengthen the MedPan network (network of Marine Protected Areas in the Mediterranean), in order to support more effective management of MPAs. The project aims therefore to enable members of the MedPan network to take concrete action and to share their experience. The network should become a first class organisation in the governance of MPAs in the Mediterranean. The project therefore contributes to the protection of particularly sensitive marine areas.

0  FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011




RENATURA

SMALL-SCALE InITIATIvES PROGRAMME "SMALL-SCALE PROJECTS, BIG CHALLEnGES"

AFRICA

REGIONAL

EnCOuRAGInG CIVIL SoCIETY INITIATIVES

COnSERvATIOn OF TuRTLES IN THE REPUBLIC OF CONGO

Third Small-Scale Initiatives Programme Enhancing scientific tools and community tourism Leading institutions: MAEE and MEDDTL Amount: €4.399m of which the FFEM's contribution is €2.199m (of which €0.199m carried forward from the second SSI) Beneficiaries: IUCN-CF and IUCN-PACo Partners: Co-financiers of small-scale projects

Since 005, the small-scale initiatives programme (SSI) has involved different sectors of the civil society who wish to implement projects for protecting the environment, through financing small-scale projects.

The projects eligible include the protection of biodiversity and the fight against climate change. The FFEM has chosen sub-Saharan Africa as the target centre, particularly to strengthen the capabilities and organisation of local bodies in this area. The IUCN, responsible for implementing this programme, and the FFEM organise three financing programmes per phase. At the end of each call for proposals, the best 10 to 15 projects are selected and will be financed. Each allocation from the FFEM to small-scale initiatives cannot exceed €50,000 (€34,000 on average) and the grant awarded by the FFEM is limited to 75% of the total project cost (50% if the co-financier is an international donor). The success of the SSI with local organisations has lead to its renewal on the basis of independent biannual evaluations of the programme. In 2011, the third phase of the SSI was launched and the partnership between the IUCN and the FFEM was renewed. The programme maintains its objective of strengthening the capabilities of civil society bodies and the realisation of concrete projects by these bodies. In addition, the IUCN has a mandate for researching new financial partners for the purposes of developing the system with a view to extending the programme in its next phase.

Project leader: RENATURA Total amount of project: €67,957 FFEM contribution: €34,000 Project duration: 2 years

The project aims to contribute to the study and the preservation of turtles in the Republic of Congo and to their sustainable economic value to the benefit of local communities. The funding enables knowledge about these turtles to be improved thanks to a statistical model for estimating egg-laying, and for monitoring the egg-laying sites and developing local tourism.

The SSI has allowed us to strengthen our capabilities in terms of both material and technical resources as well as scientific tools. Receiving this fund has made a practical contribution to the reinforcement of our skills in terms of turtle conservation. The project has just finished but the activities carried out continue, particularly community involvement which should lead to separate projects. Monitoring turtles' egg-laying is also an activity that the Association will continue. We have also strengthened the capability of our structure to meet the requirements of large international donors. Our project management skills have been strengthened. Obtaining SSI funding demonstrates commitment and credibility. Renatura will from now on benefit from the support of other reputable donors. The strengthening of our capabilities has definitely enabled us to put forward and manage projects with greater professionalism.

Nathalie Bréheret – Renatura Congo Manager

FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011 

1


G. RIEB

CLIMATE CHANGE

In the area of climate change, the FFEM's involvement is in line with international commitments undertaken by France during multilateral negotiations, in particular at the United Nations Climate Change Conference. Its objective is to support developing countries in their efforts to curb and adapt to climate change. With this in mind, the FFEM projects aim to encourage innovation and promote the transfer and distribution of technologies and know-how.

ITS ACTIONS ARE ORGANISED AROUND THREE KEY AREAS:

reducing and limiting greenhouse gas (GHG) emis-

sions firstly by developing renewable energies, by promoting biomass as a form of energy production and by researching greater energy efficiency within energy production and transportation, and secondly by taking action in the housing, transport, industry and agricultural sectors. In addition, part of this action mobilises and structures specialised financing to the benefit of the climate such as the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and the support of programmes that has a significant effect on leveraging co-financing.

establishing specific support for the sustainable man-

agement of forests by financing carbon sequestration projects and projects which are consistent with the REDD+ approach; These REDD+ projects co-financed by the FFEM contribute to the implementation of national strategies and to strengthening administrative capabilities. In addition, they contribute to the development of reference scenarios, the Measuring/Reporting/Monitoring (MRV) system for forest carbon, in particular through the remote sensing of changes in ground use and field inventory protocols.

adapting in order to reduce vulnerabilities to climate

change, particularly by building on knowledge of the subject and by putting in place "no regrets" action, that reduce vulnerability to climate change and have “no regrets� aspect, meaning they provide benefits and would pay for themselves even without climate change.

  FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011


THE CLIMATE CHANGE

portfolio

of which € 8.4M are already committed to, 1 projects. 8% %

4%

Geographical distribution Country / Region

Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America Asia and Pacific Eastern Europe

number of projects

E.. WoITELLIER / AFD

E. THAUVIN / AFD

66 projects for total grants of € 91M

%

Grants to identified projects in €

Total project cost in €

42

58 362 764

527 405 448

6 15 3 66

7 741 123 43 944 902 19 936 019 827 973 602 5 050 000 118 800 000 91 089 906 1 518 123 952

and Mediterranean

Total

MOnITORInG FoREST CoVER

PROJECT

Building on capabilities and accessing satellite data to monitor forests in Central and Western Africa Leading institutions: MAEE-AFD Amount: €14.55m of which the FFEM's contribution is: €1.6m (first phase) and then €1.75m (second phase) Beneficiary: GEoSUD-IRD Partners: AGEoS (€2.55m), AFD (€6m), GEF (€0.6m), FPCF (€0.5m), GEo (€0.05m), ESA (€0.6m), CE (€0.5m), IRD (€0.4m)

Earth observation satellite data is an essential tool for dealing with environmental challenges, particularly the challenges involved in monitoring forests as part of negotiations on climate change and the mechanism for reducing greenhouse gases (GHG) caused by deforestation and the degradation of forests (REDD). Combating deforestation is considered as one of the methods for reducing GHG emissions in the short term. The possibility of participating in the pol-

AFRICA

CENTRAL AND WESTERN AFRICA

 

icymaking of future REDD+ mechanisms will depend, amongst other things, on the ability of Central and Western African countries to produce information on the levels of their GHG emissions, past and present, that are linked to deforestation and forest degradation. Five components will allow the skills of Central and Western African countries to be strengthened for using satellite data in order to monitor forest cover, according to the requirements of the REDD+ mechanism: > developing infrastructures for accessing data; > improving data-processing capabilities for monitoring forests, and therefore building the technical skills of regional and national centres of competence and of specialised institutions in Central and Western Africa;

GABRIEL JAFFRAIN/ IGN FI

> National mapping of changes in forest areas; > implementing applied research programmes and international partnerships, between North and South and South and South, that contribute to improving the usage of optical and radar satellite data; > participating in international initiatives so that the countries concerned and the centres of competences identified contribute effectively to the coordination of the main initiatives in terms of using Earth observation satellite data.

FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011 




> Surface temperatures have increased on average by around 0.74°C between 1906 and 2005. > Over the next two decades, a series of scenarios suggest global warming of 0.2°C per decade. > Since 1993, sea level has risen at a rate of 3mm/year. Source: fourth report of the IPCC (2007)

WEST AFRICA



DEvELOPInG AGRoFUELS Support for the development and structuring of the jatropha farming sector / agrofuel (oil and biodiesel) in West Africa.

Leading institutions: AFD Amount: €5m of which the FFEM's contribution is: €1.1m Beneficiary: ADECIA Partners: AFD (€1.5m), Agro-industrial operators (€2.4m)

The fight against climate change and the growing shortage of fossil fuels makes the development of renewable energies a necessity. In West Africa, several companies are implementing projects for the production of agrofuel using Jatropha, a plant suited to the agronomic and climatic conditions and to the production of oil and biodiesel. In the last five years, 10,000 hectares have been planted by more than 9,000 small-scale farmers in Mali and Burkina Faso with support from businesses and NGos. In addition, public sector strategies for developing agro-fuels are being adopted. Substituting fossil fuels with these agro-fuels may eventually reduce hydrocarbon imports and economise foreign currency while reducing Co2 emissions. However, precise knowledge on the potential Jatropha fruits, Mali and constraints of the Jatropha business is still limited. Research institutions are investing little by little in the sector without close collaboration with the development operators of the sector. For their part, operators lack the reference framework suited to their area of involvement. The project supported by the FFEM aims to support the Jatropha sector in Mali and Burkina Faso. It supports the research and development activities implemented by industrial operators in areas of common interest, facilitating synergies between operators and the pooling of knowledge on all aspects of the business (agronomy, socio-economics of the production, technical quality of the oil and biodiesel, contractual management regulated with small-scale farmers, social, economic and environmental impact). The programme will also support public policymaking. The project management is entrusted to ADECIA, a public interest group (PIG) which brings together all French public and interprofessional expertise within the agricultural sector.

4  FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011

AFD

PROJECT

MALI BURKINA FASO

AFD - AGENCE KENYA

A FEW FIGuRES


FRANçoIS PRoUST

CLIMATE CHANGE

AFRICA

    

REDuCInG GREENHoUSE GAS EMISSIoNS LINKED To URBAN WASTE Africompost

Leading institution: MEDDTL Amount: €7m of which the FFEM's contribution is: €1m Beneficiary: GoodPlanet Foundation Partners: AFD (€0.5m), AIMF (€1m), municipal authorities (€3m), Carbon credits and compost (€1m), other (€0.5m)

ENPRo

PROJECT

MADAGASCAR, MALI, TOGO, BENIN, CAMEROON, MOZAMBIQUE

The municipal authorities of developing countries must now deal with the growing quantities of waste even though their financial resources are limited. This represents a major challenge in terms of the population's quality of life, but also greenhouse gas emissions. In effect, the anaerobic breakdown of organic matter is the source of significant methane emissions, in part responsible for climate change. The project is largely inspired from the successful experience gained in the town of Mahajanga (Madagascar) as part of the FFEM's first small-scale initiatives programme. It aims to reproduce this in six other towns in Africa. It involves improving waste management by putting in place composting plants in order to obtain quality compost that can be used directly by local farmers. The Africompost project should therefore enable a reduction in greenhouse gases from household waste, while cleaning up the urban environment and creating local jobs. The economic sustainability of the project is guaranteed through the sale of compost and carbon credits resulting from the reduction of methane emissions. Its viability is also promoted through training activities of local partners on carbon finance.

Each composting plant enables up to 25,000 tonnes of waste to be processed per year which will contribute to cleaning up the town and will prevent the emission of CO2 equivalent to 150,000 tonnes over ten years. The compost produced each year will allow for the natural fertilisation of 1,000 ha and will reduce farmers' dependency on imported fertiliser. In addition, each composting plant will create around one hundred direct jobs, in particular low-skilled jobs of which the creation will benefit women and young people. The sale of compost and carbon credits will ensure the sustainability of the plant thanks to the benefits generated.

Jocelyne Delarue (Gevalor)

FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011 

5


International waters are marine or inland waters that are shared and used by several countries, or which do not belong to any.

The exploitation of resources and aquatic environments by countries is rarely coordinated and structured. The integrity of resources and environments is then under pressure (pollution and abstraction in particular) from urban, industrial and agricultural activities.

AFRICA

CAMEROON, NIGER, NIGERIA, CHAD, CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC, LIBYA

   

IMPROvInG KNoWLEDGE ABoUT WATER RESoURCES Preservation of Lake Chad: Contributing to the lake's development strategy

Leading institutions: AFD-MAEE Amount: €12.4m of which the FFEM's contribution is: €0.8m Beneficiary: Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC) Partners: GEF (€8.1m), EU (€2.5m), FAE (€1m)

PROJECT

HELLIo ET VAN INGEN

INTERNATIONAL WATERS

emphasise the importance  of cooperation between

strengthen measurement countries,

networks and monitoring systems,

make a contribution to re-

ducing the sources of pollution.

MC. EBERSCHWEILER

The FFEM favours projects which:

Three million people living by Lake Chad live from the services and resources provided by it. The region has experienced migration due to drought and the opening of regional roads. This has lead to a significant and unusual concentration of people in the Sahelian area which increases the risk of conflict over resources. In addition, the Lake is exposed to considerable seasonal and annual variations and has no outlet towards the sea which increases the risk in terms of the cumulative impact of human activity, particularly the concentration of pollutants. In order to improve the management of resources, to prevent conflicts over usage and to promote the development of the water catchment area, the Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC) was established in 1964. The LCBC developed a strategic plan in order to preserve the economic potential of the lake, to reduce the tensions surrounding water resources and to support the development of lakeside populations. The purpose of the project, co-financed by the FFEM, is to contribute to the preservation of Lake Chad and its socio-economic and environmental role for the adjacent countries, through developing operational proposals, with regard to the preservation of ecosystems and the coordinated management of water resources. In addition, this project is consistent with the actions of other LCBC donors who incorporate everything into the Strategic Action Plan of the Basin Commission. The project aims to develop a decision-making tool for setting policy on the sustainable development of the lake.

  FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011


THE INTERNATIONAL WATERS

portfolio

36 projects for total grants of € 37.8M of which € 4.4M are already committed to  projects. 14%

Geographical distribution

14%

5% %

Country / Region

Africa Sub-Saharan and Mediterranean

Latin America Asia and Pacific Eastern Europe Total

AFRICA

REGIONAL

number of projects

Grants to identified projects in €

Total project cost in €

24

24 433 210 225 499 026

4 3 5 36

5 159 180 2 800 000 5 406 041 37 798 431

27 905 826 10 975 000 19 596 992 283 976 844

 SuPPORTInG THE MANAGEMENT oF TRANSBoUNDARY AqUIFERS

PROJECT

Project for the integrated and coordinated management of water resources from the aquifer systems of Iullemeden, Taoudeni/Tanezrouft and the Niger river (GICRESAIT) Leading institutions: MEDDTL-MAEE Amount: €2m of which the FFEM's contribution is: €0.5m Beneficiary: Sahara and Sahel observatory (oSS) Partners: FAE (€1.2m), oSS (€0.2m), Countries (€0.1m)

The GICRESAIT project is part of the continuing project to "manage the hydrogeological risks within the Iullemeden aquifer system" and seeks to fulfil and strengthen the mechanism for the coordinated and sustainable management of water resources in the transboundary aquifer systems of Iullemeden , Taoudeni/Tanezrouft and the Niger river. Seven countries are involved: Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Nigeria.

Therefore, the project intends to evaluate the water resources of aquifer systems in Iullemeden, Taoudeni/Tanezrouft and their connection with the Niger river. It also intends to assess the impact of climate change, usage and pressures on the water resource of aquifer systems and implement a framework for effective cooperation between the countries.

D. GREBERT / AFD

The issue of knowledge about groundwater resources is particularly significant, insofar as it is closely linked to these countries' economic and social development challenges: it involves mobilising new water resources to improve agricultural production and access to drinking water. In effect, the countries of the Sahel wish to develop irrigated agriculture using groundwater. By providing a "sustainable" water resource to rural populations , they hope to limit the rural exodus and overpopulation on the outskirts of large towns. The village water programmes and other projects involved in supplying drinking water have also benefited from a better understanding of groundwater resources in order to achieve sustainability.

FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011 




FRANCK RIBAS / BRLi

LAND DEGRADATIOn, PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLU

LAND DEGRADATION Land degradation means the overall phenomenon leading to a loss of fertility that has in particular consequences for agricultural yields. It may be due to the overexploitation of soil, pollution from external agents, but also deforestation and climate change. As a priority, the FFEM finances projects which improve the resilience of ecosystems or the implementation of methods for reversing processes when desertification is irreversible. Therefore, it favours: - the development of sustainable agricultural production systems; - supporting local initiatives, in particular strengthening capabilities of the civil society and local authorities; - the management of natural resources in relation to land degradation, deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+), through pilot projects.

DESERTIFICATION Desertification means "land degradation in arid, semiarid and dry sub-humid areas resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities" (source CCNULCD). Desertification therefore corresponds to the decrease – often irreversible – in the biological potential of the soil. It is aggravated by climate change and the growing use of natural resources. Two billion people are affected by this phenomenon which has a disastrous impact on ecosystems, but also on development (deterioration in living conditions, migration, or famine).

8  FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011

CHEMICAL POLLUTANTS AND PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS Persistent organic pollutants are "chemical substances which persist in the environment, accumulate in the tissues of living organisms through the food chain and which can damage human health and the environment" (source UNEP). PoPs pose an ecological and health threat due to their properties: toxic for human health and the environment, persistent in the environment, bio-accumulation in living tissues and can be transported long distances. As a priority, the FFEM supports regional elimination and prevention programmes in Africa and in countries around the Mediterranean. In particular, its action should enable the development of pilot projects in the area of mercury pollution, which will allow feedback and best practices to be defined, necessary for the implementation of a future international agreement.


TANTS (POPS) THE LAND DEGRADATION AND POPs

16 projects for total grants of € 21.7M of which € 0.8M are already committed to 15 projects. %

9% Sources : IFAD and GEF

Geographical distribution Country / Region

Sub-Saharan Africa 

and Mediterranean Asia and Pacific Total

AFRICA

BURKINA FASO, MALI, SENEGAL

number of projects

Grants to identified projects in €

Total project cost in €

15

20 301 551

114 659 372

1 16

1 470 000 21 771 551

3 635 000 118 294 372

HELLIo ET VAN INGEN

Land degradation is jeopardising the livelihoods of a billion people across the world.

portfolio

  DEvELOPMEnT oF A FAIR TRADE GoLD MINING SECToR IN WEST AFRICA

Leading institution: MAEE Amount: €2.58m of which the FFEM's contribution is: €0.9m Beneficiary: UNIDo Partners: FEM (€0.7m), UNIDo (€0.18m), USAID (€0.14m), UNEP (€0.09m), CE (€0.35m), Countries (€0.22m)

GILLES PAIRE - FoToLIA.CoM

PROJECT

Project identified in 2011

Since the surge in gold prices in 2007, the gold mining sector, which includes all activity involved in mining gold, traditional or on a small-scale, is becoming more attractive. It represents an alternative to the traditional activities of subsistence, but its possibilities are limited due to a lack of human (education and training) and financial resources. In addition, the negotiating power of gold miners remains weak, particularly due to the isolation of production areas which leads to a growing number of intermediaries. In addition, gold mining contributes to the destruction of the natural habitat and to the contamination of soil and streams. In effect, the chemical process most widely used is mercury amalgamation, which has the advantage of being simple, quick

and above all cheap. According to UNIDo, up to 95% of mercury used in gold mining operations is released into the environment. It must also be noted that on average, 1 to 2 grams of mercury are necessary per gram of gold produced. However, the toxicity of mercury, in particular for human health, is clearly evident. Therefore, in 2013 a text should be presented in order to develop a legal instrument that is internationally binding, in order to reduce and, eventually, eliminate mercury waste in the environment.

It is within this context that the project co-financed by the FFEM has been put in to place. It therefore involves transforming the gold mining sector in Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal, by encouraging governments to take account of this activity. The objective is to enable the emergence of regional sectors of which the economical, social and environmental assessments are the basis of sustainable local development. In particular, this includes the reduction in mercury waste by adopting cleaner and more efficient production techniques and by accessing the global market for fair trade gold mining. FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011 

9


E.. THAUVIN / AFD

STRATOSPHERIC OzOnE LAyER In 2011, the FFEM Secretariat was encouraged to step up its advisory and negociation activities.

As regards the ozone layer, the FFEM Secretariat is involved as part of international commitments undertaken by France during multilateral negotiations, in particular the United Nations Conferences on the Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol.

The Multilateral Fund is the financial tool of the Montreal Protocol on the elimination of substances which deplete the stratospheric ozone layer (oDS). The Parties to the Montreal Protocol have replenished it eight times since 1991 for a total amount of US$ 2.875 billion at the end of 2011 to which will be added US$ 450 million for the 2012 period. Forty-five countries contribute, including those with economies in transition. French contributions amounted to US$ 215.16 million at the end of 2011 placing France as the 4th largest donor after the United States, Japan and Germany. The Executive Committee, the decision-making body of the Multilateral Fund, consists of 14 members; France shares its seat with Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom, this group being the main donor of the Multilateral Fund. Its contributions will amount to US$ 10.41 million per year from 2012 to 2014, i.e. a total of 22.50 million euros over three years resulting from the application of the fixed exchange rate mechanism, also renewed by the Parties.

It is involved at three levels on behalf of the Directorate General of the Treasury:

- Identification, implementation and pro

cessing of projects financed from the bilateral part of French contributions to the Multilateral Funds which may be up to 0%. Management of this account.

- General policy consultation on the use  of Multilateral Funds, the approval of projects submitted to the Executive Committee and the permissible costs.

- Consultation on the guidelines submit

In 011, the FFEM Secretariat was encouraged to step up its advisory and negotiation activities. For the second year, it has assumed the lead role of the group of the main European fund donors - Germany, France, Italy and the United Kingdom, therefore forming part of the core contact group on the first phase of the plans for eliminating hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) from China and therefore contributing to its success (US$ 5m).

0  FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011

LISA F.YoUNG - FoToLIA.CoM

ted by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol, the latter benefiting from universal ratification since September 009.


THE STRATOSPHERIC OzONE LAYER

portfolio

NASA

108 projetcs for total grants of uS$ 17.71M of which US$ 14.8M are already committed to 10 projetcs. Geographical distribution Country / Region

Africa Latin America Asia Mediterranean Total



number of projects

Adjusted amount including support costs (in M$)

44

or 43%

3,55

or 24%

3 37 19

or 3% or 36% or 18%

0,69 7,36 3,20

or 5% or 50% or 22%

103

14,80

LATIN AMERICA

MEXIQUE

ELIMInATInG oZoNE DEPLETING SUBSTANCES (oDS)

PROJECT

Pilot demonstration project on the destruction of ODS in Mexico

Amount: $1,562,509 of which $501,690 comes from French contributions to the Multilateral Fund Beneficiary: Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT) Partner: UNIDo

This project was approved by the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund in April 2011. Since 2005, the Mexican government has accelerated the replacement of old refrigerators. There are currently more than 100 recovery and recycling centres. An initial estimate indicates that 166.7 tonnes of ozone depleting substances (oDS) that cannot be recycled or regenerated had already been collected at the end of 2010.

In addition to the issue of destruction, the originality of the project lies in its intention to obtain carbon credits from destroyed oDS. With a price estimated at USD 3 per equivalent tonne of Co2, the reduction in emissions resulting from the project should generate revenue amounting to 5.4 million dollars thanks to the voluntary use of the carbon market. This income will be used to encourage better management of residual oDS and to finance long-lasting destruction activities for an additional ten years.

BÉATRICE VINCENT

During the first two years, the project will monitor the quantities to be destroyed and will assist in implementing the destruction project. The chloro fluoro carbons (CFC) collected will be incinerated either in a destruction factory in the United States, or locally.

FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011 

1


KAYANN - FoToLIA.CoM

GENERATING AND SHARING

knOW-HOW

  FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011


FRANCK RIBAS

FRANCK RIBAS / BRLi

FRANCK RIBAS / BRLi

C. DU CASTEL

FRANCIS LAUGINIE

PHoToWATT

In 2011, 16 post evaluations and one mid-term evaluation were carried out. A retrospective study on conservation and biodiversity projects in the Congo Basin were also completed. It capitalises on experience from 13 projects and 25 small-scale initiatives launched between 1994 and 2011.

FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011 




C. DU CASTEL

SoUTH PACIFIC



COnTRIBuTIOn TO THE REGIOnAL InITIATIvE FOR THE PROTECTIOn OF CORAL REEFS (CRISP)

Beneficiary: Conservation International Foundation (CI) Sector of activity: Biodiversity Decision to award grant: 7 July 2004 Duration: 6 years Total cost: â‚Ź8.7m FFEM contribution: â‚Ź2m Leading institutions: AFD-MAEE

40% of the total area of the planet's coral reefs can be found in the South Pacific. These reefs which play an essential role in the development and even the survival of certain small islands are suffering from considerable degradation. Launched in 2005, the CRISP project aimed to protect the biodiversity of coral reefs and to manage them sustainably with a view to developing small island States. Therefore, this initiative involving both developed and developing countries, was also designed as a vehicle for regional integration.

Within this context, the FFEM specifically supported the development of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and limiting the erosion of water catchment areas, erosion at the source of coral asphyxiation by sediment.

SUMMARY REPORT More than 50 MPAs have been created or strengthened. These areas not only have an impact in terms of environmental resilience but also in terms of food safety and alternative revenue-generating activities. Therefore, economic analysis of MPAs has been developed particularly within their role to reduce poverty and boost economic growth. However, around ten years are needed for an MPA to become technically and financially self-sufficient, their sustainability is therefore still not guaranteed. Research into coral reefs has made considerable progress. In terms of biodiversity, 350 new locations have been explored and several thousand species described. The discovery of 30 active molecules with antimalarial and antiinflammatory properties can also be highlighted. All of the results produced which focus on ecology and biology as

4  FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011

C. DU CASTEL

EVALUATION

REGIONAL

well as legal spheres, social sciences or fishing management are invaluable. However, though amongst the major challenges for the small island States, the integration of activities from the water catchment area up to the lagoon (land-sea integration) has not achieved the initial objectives. Finally, the effort focused on building capabilities has been remarkable, the quantity and the diversity of those affected (students, technicians, managers, local communities etc.).

PROSPECTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS The programme should therefore continue to exert its influence within the region for the considerable future. In effect, it has been able to intervene at different levels, both at the international level and in action on the ground, and coordinate diversified financing. It is necessary to continue the wide distribution of the results and knowledge generated, in English and in French, particularly by expanding the "Reef Base" database developed during the project. Furthermore, this experience has shown that, for projects that include a research element, scientists should provide, in addition to publications, summaries and user guides that can be used by managements.


GENERATING AND SHARING KNoW-HoW

MoRoCCo

 SOLAR GLOBAL RuRAL ELECTRIFICATIOn PROGRAMME

Beneficiary: National Electricity office (oNE) Sector of activity: Climate change Decision to award grant: 1st october 2004 Duration: 4 years Total cost: â‚Ź50.5m FFEM contribution: â‚Ź0.5m Leading institution: AFD

TEMASoL

EVALUATION

Supporting the management and consolidation of public-private partnerships for "decentralised rural electrification" in Morocco

Launched in 1995, the purpose of the global rural electrification programme (PERG) was to expand electricity throughout the country, i.e. to an additional 12 million people. It was achieved using two complementary methods of electrification: connection to the network and decentralised rural electrification (ERD). ERD is used in areas that are too far from the network or in sparsely populated areas and is mainly realised through the installation of photovoltaic systems, correctly adapted to climate conditions in Morocco.

PROSPECTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

oNE has therefore developed public-private partnerships (PPP). It finances initial investments and sets prices while the responsibility for managing the service belongs to private operators, formalised through long-term contracts. The FFEM's project support is focused on the management and consolidation of these partnerships.

In the short-term, four strategic points are to be taken into account:

Progression of the network, development of technology and costs, as well as the short-term duration of partnership contracts, encourage oNE to assume a regulatory function, inherent in the public-private partnership scheme. The balance must remain satisfactory for the different stakeholders, within the contracts made with the operators, but also for the next management phase of PERG solaire and its possible expansion.

> the evolution of costs not reflected in the prices weaken private operators and block the expansion of electrification. In particular this concerns the increase in battery and operational costs and the absence of price revision formulas for long-term contracts;

SUMMARY REPORT This photovoltaic systems programme, known as "PERG solaire", is currently one of the most important decentralised solar electrification programmes implemented in the world. Few large-scale decentralised solar equipment projects function correctly and the PERG remains a benchmark. The project's longevity is remarkable: more than ten years after its launch, four businesses continue to run a service. The public-private partnership interests many other countries, particularly African, as it is able to involve aspects of "networked" and "decentralised" electrification. The significant progression of the network and the fact that numerous municipalities have preferred to access the network rather than benefit from PERG solaire must not mask the national importance of this achievement or the progress which remains to be made in this field.

> network progression changes the dividing line between decentralised solar and the network and requires in particular the connection conditions for certain families (or villages) to be redefined once the solar equipment has been installed. the possibility of reusing this equipment in case of connection to the network; > the successful fulfilment of partnership contracts which come to an end and follow-up measures; > the necessity for oNE to continue offering solutions for households outside of the network which still represent a potential of more than 50,000 system installations.

FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011 

5


FRANCK RIBAS / BRLi

CoNGo BASIN

STuDy CAPITALISInG On ExPERIEnCE WITHIn THE BIODIvERSITy SECTOR In THE COnGO BASIn FInAnCED By THE FFEM



CAMEROON, CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC, EQUATORIAL GUINEA, GABON, CONGO, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO

Project title

This assessment aimed to draw up a report of all the FFEM's actions within the region in terms of biodiversity protection. Its objective was to review the targeting and implementation of aid within the context of the Congo Basin, even though the needs are considerable. It focused on the 1 projects presented in the table below and on 5 small-scale initiatives. Project leader

Area of intervention

Country

Implementation

FFEM grant (M€)

Total cost (M€)

Biodivalor – Supporting the sustainable development of biodiversity in the tropical forests of Gabon

MAEE

Promotion of genetic plant resources

Gabon

1998-2004

0.45

0.82

PRGIE – Contribution to the regional management programme for environmental information in the Congo Basin

MAEE

Management of environmental information

Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, 1999-2007 Equatorial Guinea, CAR, DRC

0.76

16.3

PAF Gabon – Supporting sustainable forestry development in Gabon

AFD

Sustainable forestry exploitation

Gabon

1999-2007

0.95

10.3

RAPAC – Supporting the development of tourism with the objective of conservation in Central Africa

MAEE

Economic development Congo, Gabon, through tourism in a Soa Tome and Principe selection of protected areas

2002-2006

0.94

1..9

CIB – Development of FMUs assigned to the Congolese Timber Industry (CIB) in Congo

AFD

Sustainable forestry exploitation

Congo

2005-2007

0.87

6.9

Village Hunting – Management of village hunting areas for the sustainable production of game meat in the Central African Republic

AFD

Sustainable management of fauna for the production of game meat

CAR

2005-2008

1

1.37

CAWHFI – Protection and sustainable management of wild fauna of the national parks' peripheral areas in the Congo Basin

MAEE

Sustainable management of Cameroon, Congo, natural resources, Gabon, CAR particularly fauna

2007-2011

2.5

7.9

Lomako – Community management project for biodiversity in the Lomako forest and its peripheral areas

MAEE

Participatory conservation of a forest and sustainable management of the fauna within its peripheral areas

DRC, Equator Province

2006-2010

0.78

3.2

PPF – Extension of small forest permits for the sustainable development of Gabon

AFD

Sustainable forestry exploitation

Gabon

2007-2012

2

14.5

PAF2C – Programme supporting communal forests in the Cameroon

MAEE

Sustainable forestry exploitation

Cameroon

2007-2011

1.3

2

REDD/FORAFAMA – Supporting the sustainable management of forests in the Congo Basin and Brazilian Amazonian Basin

AFD

Integration of forestry development in the REDD process

Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, 2010-2013 CAR, DRC

1.2

3.3

UGADEC – Community development and conservation of natural resources in DRC

MEDDTL

Management training for the conservation of natural resources and community reserves

DRC

0.8

2

ECOFORAF – Supporting the eco-certification of forest concessions in Central Africa

AFD

Sustainable forestry exploitation

Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, 2010-2013 CAR, DRC

1.5

3.7

TOTAL

13 projects

15.05

74.19

  FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011

01/201012/2011


GENERATING AND SHARING KNoW-HoW

The objectives of these projects fall into four categories: > sustainable forest management; > best use of natural resources; > strengthening capabilities; > management of protected areas and their peripheral areas.

The Basin's forests are characterised by very rich biodiversity although this is unequally distributed and little is still known about it. Even if they suffer from fewer pressures than those of the Amazon or South East Asia, these forests are exposed to growing pressures, while they provide many services (supply and regulation of ecosystems). 90% of populations in the area are dependent, directly or indirectly, on the resources from the forests and the rivers which cross them. In addition, deforestation, fragmentation and degradation of forest cover are the source of a loss of biological diversity in the region. It is therefore essential to take action to limit the pressures and their effects. In order to limit these losses, projects co-financed by the FFEM seek to meet the challenges of sustainable forestry exploitation development, sustainable management of wild fauna and the revival of spatial planning policies.

SUMMARY REPORT overall, thanks to a financial contribution from the FFEM, these implemented projects aim to contribute to the development and realisation of planning and land management policies with a view to protecting and managing, on a sustainable basis, natural resources. The FFEM's approach is consistent with a spatial planning approach, by seeking to improve the allocation of rural spaces and their methods of governance. The FFEM has contributed to an increase in knowledge about biodiversity and its local use. Its support has enabled beneficiary forestry exploitation companies to undertake initiatives that have undeniably improved their working conditions and even the operation of their companies while at the beginning, they may have doubted the merits of this development. The impetus in terms of considering environmental concerns is particularly positive as it is the only one, from amongst international donors, to have established dialogue with the private sector and to have understood that the objective of FSC certification could be a powerful tool, by most frequently focusing on vast surface areas that are relatively undisturbed and the surrounding protected areas. The defence of local population rights and their role within the conservation of natural resources has been considered. The FFEM has played a catalyst role by attempting to become involved in the game meat sector and by consid-

ering local populations as significant in fauna management. It has sought to defend them in their fight for the recognition of their rights and capabilities to contribute to the conservation of natural resources. In addition, the development of public-private partnerships, that therefore encourage cooperation between various types of bodies and greater consideration of fauna management within forestry exploitation areas, is to be highlighted whether for the consideration of fauna management in production forests or the implantation of dialogue between all of the stakeholders. The FFEM's action does however have certain limitations, particularly due to the constraint of a minority position within the co-financing, which can not exceed 30% of the total budget. This does not allow it to establish itself as a leader. In addition, the time scale used for the projects (between 3 and 8 years) does not seem suited to conservation projects which would need periods of around fifteen years. The durability of projects is therefore uncertain, with the beneficiaries not having enough time to become technically and financially self-sufficient. In particular, will private companies continue to cover conservation costs in the absence of grants? Finally, a growing complexity has been noted in the preparation of projects, particularly due to the number of increasingly important partners.

PROSPECTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Two trends to be considered can be noted: the channelling of initial funds intended for the conservation of biodiversity towards development actions and the regionalisation of projects to the detriment of operations and actions on the ground. The absence of genuine national policies for the use of rural space as well as a lack of interest in parks and reserves, which have however proved their effectiveness, also remain threats for the biodiversity of forests in Central Africa. Therefore, for greater protection of biodiversity in the Congo Basin, the FFEM should continue its action in the following areas: > sustainable forestry exploitation; > the sustainable management of wild fauna, and in particular the control of the game meat sector; > spatial planning policies. To these three main priorities, four other fields of activity could be considered: > research support; > the sustainable financing of conservation; > the REDD mechanism; > supporting local communities. FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011 




AnnExES  The project cycle financed by the FFEM  Main acronyms  List of projects identified and/or launched in 2011  Activity report 1994 - 2011  2011 benchmarks for communication activities

8  FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011


FFEM

E. THAUVIN / AFD E. THAUVIN / AFD WWF / D. REYNoLDS

WWF / D. REYNoLDS

By drawing on the project assessments, the FFEM shares and promotes the information with its partners. In 2011, the FFEM sought to transform the experience gained on the ground into useful knowledge. Activity reports, seminars and publications are the main results of this.

FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011 

9


THE PROJECT CyCLE

 1 Pre-identification > Project Opportunity Note (PON) describing the project idea, context, objectives, partners and costs,



> selection by the Secretariat, in consultation with the six institutional partners, of 12 PON to be examined during the Steering Committee's three annual meetings.

2 Identification > Project Identification Note (PIN) drawn up by one of the institutional partners with the potential beneficiary, > project eligibility checked by the Secretariat, > opinions received from the Scientific and Technical Committee and Secretariat, > PIN examined by the Steering Committee, > drafting and standardisation support of PIN from the Secretariat, > Steering Committee go-ahead for the assessment.



9 Communication > communication after project completion or ex-post assessment by the institutional partner, with Secretariat support, and/or by the beneficiary partners,

3 Ex ante project assessment

> dissemination of communication material: publications, CDs, films, etc.

> ex-ante project feasibility study detailing the technical, economic and institutional conditions of its implementation and the points for targeting the financing based on the project’s feasibility and logical framework,

  

> these materials may focus on a particular project or a sample of projects addressing a given topic or concerning the same geographical area.

> Project Commitment Note (PCN) drawn up for the Steering Committee, > support for drafting and standardising the PCN from the Secretariat.

8 Capitalisation



> retrospective assessments, > conferences and seminars.

4 Commitment

7 Ex-post assessment > assessment of results and impacts after project completion.

6 Completion report



5 Implementation



> Completion report drawn up by the beneficiary.

> examination of the PCN by the Steering Committee, > project approval by the Steering Committee, opinions from the Scientific and Technical Committee and Secretariat during meetings, > authorisation from the Secretariat to commit the corresponding funds, > preparation of the financing agreement between the Secretariat and beneficiary organisation(s), > financing agreement signed by the AFD, as the FFEM's management body, and the beneficiary.

> project implemented by the grant beneficiary, > monitoring and supervision by the institutional partner with Secretariat support, > regular technical and financial progress reports drawn up by the beneficiary, > mid-term assessment where required, > management of funds by the AFD with Secretariat support.

40  FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011


MAIn ACROnyMS

ADECIA

Agency for the development of international cooperation in the fields of agriculture, food and rural spaces

AGEOS

Gabonese Spatial Study and observation Agency

AIME

International Association of French-speaking Mayors

MPA

Marine Protected Area

CAR-A|SP Regional Activity Centre for Specially Protected Areas LCBC

Lake Chad Basin Commission

CE

European Commission

CICID

Interministerial Committee on International Cooperation and Development

CONAP

National Council for Protected Areas in Guatemala

ESA

European Space Agency

FAE

African Water Facility

FCA

Tropical forest conservation fund

GEF

Global Environment Facility

MLF

Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol

FPCF

Forest Carbon Partnership Facility

FRB

Foundation for Research on Biodiversity

FSC

Forest Stewardship Council

GIz

Deutsche Gesellschaft f端r Internationale Zusammenarbeit

GEO

Global earth observation system

GEOSUD

Spatial information for sustainable development

INAB

National Institute responsible for forests in Guatemala

INGUAT

Guatemalan Tourist Institute

IRD

Research Institute for Development

CDM

Clean Development Mechanism

NGO

Non-Governmental organisation

UNIDO

United Nations Industrial Development organisation

OSS

Sahara and Sahel observatory

UNEP

United Nations Environment Programme

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme

POP

Persistent organic Pollutants

RAPAC

Network of protected areas in Central Africa

REDD

Mechanism for reducing Co2 emissions from deforestation and the degradation of forests

ODS

ozone Depleting Substances

IUCN

International Union for Conservation of Nature

USAID

United States Agency for International Development

FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011 

41


PROJECTS IDEnTIFIED/LAunCHED In 2011

BIODIvERSITy Date Date project project identified launched

Project title

Country

Amount of projects identified in €

Total amount of projects in €

Project leader

02/04/09 31/03/11 "Save Our Spécies" (SOS)

Africa/Reg.

1 000 000

11 235 000

MEDDTL

02/04/09 25/11/11

Kenya

1 500 000

12 642 000

AFD

Africa/Reg.

2 000 000

4 399 936

MEDDTL-MAEE

Africa/Reg.

1 250 000

6 786 826

AFD (1)

Africa/Reg.

1 290 300

Africa /Reg.

1 000 000

4 645 000

MESR

31/03/11

Conservation project in North Kenya

31/03/11 Small-Scale Initiatives Programme 3

09/07/10 06/07/11 Structure and dynamic of Central African Forests: towards timber exploitation rules that integrate the ecological functioning of tree populations and the variable environmental conditions (DynAFor) (Phase 1) 09/07/10

25/11/11

Structure and dynamic of Central African Forests: towards timber exploitation rules that integrate the ecological functioning of tree populations and the variable environmental

AFD (1)

conditions (DynAfFor)(Phase 2) 06/07/11

25/11/11

Phare programme "Biodiversity modelling and

scenarios" of the FRB 25/11/11

Certified natural products to preserve biodiversity and support local development in Southern Africa

Africa/Reg.

900 000

3 000 000

AFD-MEDDTL

25/11/11

Capital contribution to the Banc d'Arguin and Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Trust Fund (BACOMAB)

Mauritania

1 200 000

18 400 000

AFD

10 140 300

61 108 762

Guatemala

1 496 000

3 576 000

MEDDTL

Brazil

2 000 000

8 600 000

MEDDTL-MAEE

3 496 000

12 176 000

1 200 000

3 783 850

1 200 000

3 783 850

Africa total

31/03/11

06/07/11 Sustainability of community co-management and conservation mechanisms for biodiversity in the Guatemalan system of protected areas

25/11/11

Experimental platform for the management of rural territories in the Legal Amazon (PETRA)

Latin America total 09/07/10 31/03/11 Conservation and promotion of biodiversity: sustainable development of the Balkan Mountains

Europe/ Regional

Eastern Europe total

MAEE

(1) phases 1 and 2 of the DynAfFor project only account for one single project.

SMALL-SCALE InITIATIvES PROGRAMME Country

Beneficiary

Project title

Total FFEM amount in € financing in €

Benin

CREDI-ONG

Community management of natural resources and reduction of poverty around the Sitatunga valley

40 534

25 000

Benin

BEES ONG

Conservation and promotion of the waterbird sanctuary at Lake Nokoué

62 445

44 000

Burundi

ACVE

Protection of the hippopotamus habitat and populations in the North East of Lake Tanganyika

136 038

49 000

Cameroon

ACFCam

Exploitation and commercialisation of non-timber forestry products in order to maintain forest biodiversity

64 862

32 300

Cameroon

ONED

Promotion of eco-tourism by the Bagyéli of Campo-Ma'an

77 437

40 000

Madagascar

WWF

99 200

42 000

Madagascar

WCS

Networking of youth environmental clubs (Vintsy) for the preservation of the south-east forest corridor Supporting the civil society in responsible fishing within the Antongil bay

111 577

49 700

Mozambique ASLF

A Hi Zameni Chemucane Support Project

58 000

8 000

Nigeria

CERCOPAN

Enhanced community protection of 4 contiguous forests to attract investment

137 102

49 900

DRC

CREF Network

Creation of four community forests in Walikale Nord Kivu

42 967

32 000

DRC

GRAPEDECO-ACPF

Conservation of spawning sites in Lake Albert

48 350

35 000

Togo

JVE

Promoting biodiversity in the Assimé classified forest

Total 1 projetcs

4  FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011

launched in April 011

33 695

25 000

91 0

41 900


CLIMATE CHAnGE Date Date project project identified launched

Project title

Country

Amount of projects identified in €

Total amount of projects in €

Project leader

02/04/10 06/07/11 Support for the development and structuring of the jatropha/ biofuel (oil and biodiesel) farming sector in West Africa

Africa / Reg.

1 100 000

5 000 000

26/11/10

06/07/11 Strengthening capabilities and accessing satellite data to monitor forests in Central and Western Africa

Africa / Reg.

3 350 000

14 550 000

26/11/10

06/07/11 African Carbon Asset Development (ACAD)

Africa / Reg.

2 000 000

6 000 000

AFD

26/11/10

25/11/11

Africa / Reg. 1 500 000

5 000 000

AFD

31/03/11

06/07/11 Africompost

Africa / Reg.

1 000 000

7 060 000

MEDDTL

31/03/11

25/11/11

Pilot project to combat deforestation and the degradation of the Miombo forest in the Gilé national reserve and its peripheral areas

Mozambique

2 000 000

5 000 000

AFD

31/03/11

Programme supporting the supply and sustainable use of biomass energy in Asia and Africa

Africa / Reg.

2 000 000

6 000 000

MAEE

06/07/11

Support for the "LIVELIHOOD Fund"

Africa / Reg..

1 200 000

31 460 000

MINEFI

14 150 000

80 070 000

1 460 000

10 000 000

1 460 000

10 000 000

8 500 000

Programme supporting the definition of low-carbon and climate resilient development strategies

Africa total

31/03/11

06/07/11 Promoting the potential of REDD+ and the CDM for the sustainable development of the Rio Magdelena

Colombia

Latin America total

31/03/11

06/07/11 Optimising the production of goods and services by Mediterranean forest ecosystems within the context of global changes (Phase 1)

Mediterranean 1 350 000 Regional

06/07/11

25/11/11

Mediterranean 1 300 000 Regional

Optimising the production of goods and services by Mediterranean forest ecosystems within the context of global changes (Phase 2)

Mediterranean total

2 650 000

AFD

MAEE-AFD (1)

MAEE

MEDDTL (2)

MEDDTL (2)

8 500 000

(1) the project was partially launched on 06/07/2011 for 1,600,000 euros (2) phases 1 and 2 of the Mediterranean forest ecosystem project only account for one single project

FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011 

4


PROJECTS IDEnTIFIED/LAunCHED In 2011

InTERnATIOnAL WATERS Date Date project project identified launched

Project title

Country

Amount of projects identified in €

Total amount of projects in €

Project leader

MAEEMEDDTL

31/03/11

06/07/11 Integrated and coordinated management of water resources from the aquifer systems of Iullemeden, Taoudeni/Tanezrouft and the Niger river (GICRESAIT)

Africa Regional

499 380

2 039 650

06/07/11

25/11/11

Preservation of Lake Chad: Contributing to the lake's development strategy

Africa Regional

800 000

12 400 000

AFD-MAEE

Contribution to the sustainable management and conservation of the marine environment in the south-west area of the Indian Ocean: support for local innovation and partnerships

Africa Regional

1 000 000

3 200 000

AFD-MAEE

 99 80

1 9 50

1 060 000

9 223 000

1 00 000

9  000

1 000 000

3 400 000

1 000 000

 400 000

750 000

1 664 400

50 000

1 4 400

` 25/11/11

Africa total

25/11/11

Establishment of long-term financing funds for the Marine Protected Areas network and the Meso-American Reef Coastlines (MAR Fund)

Latin America Regional

Latin America total

06/07/11

Supporting the sustainable development of the Ha Long Bay and its region

Vietnam

Asia total

26/11/10

31/03/11 Strengthening the management network of Marine Protected PAreas in the Mediterranean (MedPan)

Mediterranean Regional

Mediterranean total

MEDDTL

AFD

MEDDTL

LAnD DEGRADATIOn, POP Date Date project project identified launched

31/03/11

Project title

Country

Development of a fair trade gold mining sector in West Africa

Amount of projects identified in €

Africa Regional

Africa total

Total amount of projects in €

900 000

2 380 000

900 000

 80 000

Project leader

MAEE

STRATOSPHERIC OzOnE LAyER Launch date

April 2011

Project title

Demonstration project for disposal of unwanted ODS Latin America total

44  FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011

Country

Mexico

Sector

Status

Type

Total in uS$ after adjustment including support costs

Destruction On going Demonstration

501 690 501 90

Project promoter

ONUDI


ACTIvITy REPORT 1994 - 2011

Distribution by topic area

At 31 December 2011, the FFEM had 236 projects under appraisal or in process which represents a potential amount of €274m for grants awarded by the FFEM.

Topic area

45%

%

14% 8%

   

number Amount of of projects projects identified in €

Biodiversity

Total amount of projects in €

118

123 948 228

1 022 961 622

Climate change

66

91 089 906

1 518 123 952

International waters

36

37 798 431

283 976 845

Land degradation - POP

16

21 771 551

118 294 372

Total



4 08 11  94 5 90

Geographical distribution Topic area

%

1% 1% 5%

   

number Amount of of projects projects identified in €

Sub-Saharan Africa and Mediterranean

Total amount of projects in €

157

184 518 056

1 512 924 235

Latin America

39

43 953 931

368 005 457

Asia and Pacific

28

31 887 485

902 275 579

Eastern Europe

12

14 248 645

160 151 520

Total



4 08 11  94 5 90

Distribution by project leader Project leader

Number of projects

Amount of projects identified in €

83

AFD MAEE

71

MEDDTL

43

MULTIPLE

25

MINEFI

8

MESR

6

Total



Total amount of projects in €

98 172 055

1 115 270 605

76 598 333

588 796 356

49 482 008

548 823 809

33 357 897

297 917 436

10 811 311

371 769 535

6 186 513

20 779 049

4 08 11

 94 5 90

Project progress status Topic area

   

number of projects identified

Biodiversity

number of projects launched

number of projects with signed agreements

118

115

185

Climate change

66

61

76

International waters

36

33

39

Land degradation -POP

16

15

21



4

1

Total

Distribution of projects financed by the bilateral part of French contributions to the MLF by region Region

   

Africa Latin America Asia Mediterranean Total

number of projects

44 3 37 19 10

or 43% or 3% or 36% or 18%

Total amount after adjustment ($m) including support

3,55 0,69 7,36 3,20 14,80

or or or or

24% 5% 50% 22%

FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011 

45


annexes tableaux GB - corrige? complet:Mise en page 1

14/12/12

10:07

Page 2



PROJECTS CO-FINANCED BY THE FFEM

PROJECTS CO-FINANCED BY THE FFEM

Identified/ launched Projects identified for funding in 2011 are shown in bold

 Biodiversity

Biodiversity projects identified or launched in Africa Project Project identification launch date date

Project title

Country

FFEM grant in €

Total amount in €

Project promoter

21/10/94 07/07/95

Tropical deforestation by slash-and-burn farming

Tropical belt

152 449

6 250 410

MAEE

21/10/94 07/07/95

Management and conservation of the banc d'Arguin ecosystem

Mauritania

671 843

1 921 925

MAEE

21/10/94 15/04/96

Arly conservation unit

Burkina Faso

378 378

1 244 899

AFD

21/10/94 15/04/96

Rehabilitation and livelihoods in the Niokolo Koba National Park

Senegal

686 021

4 771 654

MAEE

15/03/95 22/11/95

Maintaining biodiversity after tsetse eradication

Zimbabwe

766 819

2 917 417

MAEE

07/07/95 20/09/96

Biodivalor - support to sustainable livelihoods in tropical forests

Gabon

450 792

825 816

MAEE

07/07/95 20/12/96

Village lands in the Kouré and Dallol Bosso districts

Niger

304 898

880 416

AFD

07/07/95 01/04/97

Biodiversity protection in the lower Mauritanian delta

Mauritania

609 796

3 018 491

AFD

07/07/95 09/11/99

Sustainable forest management

Gabon

954 598

10 200 000

15/04/96 20/09/96

Protection and management of marine and inland natural areas

Mayotte

495 459

1 486 378

01/04/97 06/05/98

Management of environmental information in the Congo basin

Africa/Regional

01/04/97 29/06/00

Pilot projects for biodiversity conservation and enhancement under the PAE

Madagascar

30/09/97 22/12/97

Management of Ramsar sites through innovative technical exchanges

30/09/97 06/05/98

AFD-MAEE AFD

762 245

16 330 339

MAEE

1 326 306

55 000 000

MAEE

Africa/Regional

381 123

2 080 929

Biodiversity conservation project for the Cape Peninsula

South Africa

914 694

83 267 653

30/09/97 18/02/99

Ecosystem restoration in the Elizabeth National Park and Lake George

Uganda

1 158 613

1 558 029

MESR

06/05/98 18/02/99

Environmental management in refugee concentration zones

Afrca/Regional

701 265

1 652 547

MAEE

29/09/98 17/06/99

Support to wildlife conservation units

Burkina Faso

762 245

2 728 835

18/02/99 17/06/99

Maintaining biodiversity in the Zambezi Valley

Zimbabwe

435 000

960 000

18/02/99 12/09/00

Preservation and management of protected areas in the Pendjari National Park

Benin

1 100 000

8 900 000

AFD

09/11/99 26/03/01

Observatory for maritime zones in Guinea

Guinea

1 300 000

2 900 000

AFD

09/11/99 26/03/01

Preservation of fish resources by fishing communities

Senegal

900 000

13 400 000

AFD

07/03/00 26/03/01

Interactions between livestock and wildlife around protected areas

Chad

770 000

2 750 000

07/03/00 07/07/04

Biodiversity conservation in the Faro and Bouba N'Djida National Parks

Cameroon

1 500 000

11 981 680

27/11/00 06/07/01

Agrobiodiversity in sorghum cultivation

Burkina Faso/Mali

1 300 000

3 500 000

27/11/00 06/07/01

Sustainable prawn fisheries management

Madagascar

1 056 000

10 508 000

AFD

27/11/00 29/03/02

Antelopes in the Sahel and Sahara

Africa/Regional

1 385 000

15 575 400

MEDDTL

26/03/01 30/11/01

Mahafaly Plateau

Madagascar

900 000

2 560 000

AFD

26/03/01 29/03/02

Development of nature tourism in Central Africa (ECOFAC)

Africa/Regional

939 000

1 921 000

AFD

26/03/01 30/04/03

Management of hunting lands

Centrafrique

1 000 000

3 617 000

MAEE

06/07/01 30/11/01

Restoration of the Méru protected area

Kenya

1 860 000

16 270 000

24/05/02 26/03/04

Ethiopian gardens

Ethiopia

1 230 000

3 280 000

MAEE

15/11/02 30/04/03

Sustainable forest management by CIB

Congo

873 000

6 934 164

AFD

Namibia

15/11/02 26/03/04

Conservancy network

15/11/02 26/03/04

Conservation and enhancement of biodiversity and elephants in the Gourma area Mali

15/11/02 30/04/03

Mnazi Bay Marine Park

Tanzania

MEDDTL AFD

AFD MAEE

MAEE AFD MESR

AFD

1 400 000

12 110 000

MAEE

1 560 000

6 840 000

MAEE

384 280

2 353 070

MAEE

04/07/03 27/10/04

Restoration of island ecosystems

Seychelles

460 000

1 368 000

MAEE

27/11/03 30/03/05

Nature conservation and community and tourism development in the Kalahari

Botswana

935 000

3 086 000

MEDDTL

27/11/03 26/03/04

Development of the Quirimbas National Park

Mozambique

26/03/04 05/07/05

Foundation for protected areas and biodiversity: contribution to capital

Madagascar

26/03/04 27/10/04

Bio-Hub - sustainable community management of biodiversity and natural resources

Africa/Regional

700 000

5 265 000

AFD

1 000 000

24 600 000

AFD

500 000

1 546 000

MAEE

Table continued on next page 2 • FFEM - 2011




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PROJECTS CO-FINANCED BY THE FFEM



Following biodiversity Africa table

Project Project identification launch date date

Project title

Country

FFEM grant in €

Total amount in €

Project promoter

07/07/04 25/11/05

Biodiversity management in the peripheral areas of major national parks in the Congo Basin

Africa/Regional

2 500 000

7 930 000 MAEE

830 000

4 390 000 MAEE

27/10/04 05/07/06

Biodiversity conservation around the Sapo National Park

Liberia

27/10/04 30/03/05

Small-Scale Initiatives programme - Tranche 1

Africa/Regional

1 200 000

27/10/04 30/03/05

Network of Marine Protected Areas in the Indian Ocean countries

Africa/Regional

700 000

1 944 000 MAEE

30/03/05 25/11/05

Pilot project for organic farming in Antrema

Madagascar

320 000

773 241 MAEE

1 200 000

11 000 000 MAEE

781 000

3 171 000 MAEE 5 997 000 MAEE

30/03/05 25/11/05

Community management of biodiversity around protected areas

Ghana

25/11/05 05/07/06

Biodiversity conservation and development of the protected zone of the Lomako forest reserve

Congo (DR)

30/03/06 05/07/06

Protection of the Gola humid forest

Sierra Leone

1 186 000

05/07/06 05/07/06

Small-Scale Initiatives programme - Tranche 2

Africa/Regional

1 000 000

05/07/06 18/12/06

Extension of sustainable management dynamics to small forest concessions

Gabon

2 000 000

05/07/06 30/03/07

Efficiency of protected area Management in West Africa

Africa/Regional

18/12/06 06/07/07

Sustainable management of community forests

Cameroon

30/03/07 30/11/07

Addo Elephant National Park

South Africa

990 000 1 300 000 980 000

2 692 447 MAEE-MEDDTL

2 011 031 MAEE-MEDDTL 14 500 000 AFD 2 650 000 MAEE 12 990 000 MAEE 24 820 000 AFD

30/11/07 01/07/08

Biodiversity conservation and timber certification in two listed forests

Ivory Coast

400 000

2 781 872 MAEE

03/04/08 27/11/08

Support to public and private operators for sustainable forest management in the Congo and Brazilian Amazon Basins

Africa/Regional

800 000

3 271 000 AFD

03/04/08 27/11/08

Co-management of the Gilé national nature reserve and development of its peripheral areas

Mozambique

1 000 000

3 679 600 AFD

03/04/08 01/07/08

Sustainable natural resource management to conserve three biodiversity hotspots

Madagascar

2 000 000

18 850 000 AFD

03/04/08 01/07/08

Sustainable management of agricultural biodiversity in farming systems

Mali

1 000 000

22 535 000 AFD

27/11/08 03/07/09

Support to the Verde Ventures investment fund

Africa/Regional

990 000

7 038 846 AFD

27/11/08 27/11/09

Community development and conservation of natural resources

Congo (DR)

800 000

1 984 035 MEDDTL

27/11/08 02/04/09

Second Small-Scale Initiatives Programme

Africa/Regional

2 500 000

5 000 000 MEDDTL

02/04/09 31/03/11

“Save Our Species” SOS

Africa/Regional

1 000 000

11 235 000 MEDDTL

02/04/09 25/11/11

Conservation project in North Kenya

Kenya

1 500 000

12 642 000 AFD

27/11/09 02/04/10

Support to eco-certification of logging concessions in central Africa (ECOFORAF)

Africa/Regional

1 500 000

3 712 500 AFD

02/04/10 26/11/10

Managing conservation areas in West Africa

Africa / Regional

1 305 000

2 967 000 MEDDTL

31/03/11 31/03/11

Small-Scale Initiatives Programme 3

Africa / Regional

2 000 000

4 399 936 MEDDTL-MAEE

09/07/10 06/07/11

Structure and dynamics of Central Africa’s Forests: towards timber exploitation rules that integrate the ecological functioning of tree populations and the variable environmental conditions (DynAfFor)

Africa / Regional

1 250 000

6 786 826 AFD (1)

09/07/10 25/11/11

Structure and dynamics of Central Africa’s Forests: towards timber exploitation rules that integrate the ecological functioning of tree populations and the variable environmental conditions (DynAfFor)

Africa / Regional

1 290 300

AFD (1)

(Phase 1)

}

(Phase 2)

06/07/11 25/11/11

Phare Programme "Biodiversity modelling and scenarios" of the FRB

Africa / Regional

1 000 000

25/11/11

Certified natural products to preserve biodiversity and support local development in Southern Africa

Africa / Regional

900 000

25/11/11

Capital contribution to the Banc d'Arguin and Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Trust Fund (BACOMAB)

Mauritania

Total Africa

70 projects

4 645 000 MESR 3 000 000 AFD-MEDDTL

1 200 000 18 400 000 AFD

72 387 124

586 158 385

(1) phases 1 and 2 of the DynAfFor project only account for one single project.

Biodiversity  FFEM - 2011 • 3


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PROJECTS CO-FINANCED BY THE FFEM

 Biodiversity Biodiversity projects identified or launched in Latin America Project Project identification launch date date

Project title

Country

FFEM grant in €

15/03/95 07/07/95 Protection and enhancement of coral reefs (Lesser Antilles)

Saint-Lucia

240 778

15/03/95 07/07/95 Protection and enhancement of coral reefs (Lesser Antilles)

St Vincent and Grenadines

107 477

15/03/95 07/07/95 Protection and enhancement of coral reefs (Lesser Antilles)

Grenada

147 052

07/07/95 01/04/97 Community development and conservation in the Mata Atlantica (Iguape region)

Brazil

312 520

Total amount in €

}

Project promoter

MAEE 2 133 981 MAEE MAEE 794 365 MEDDTL

22/11/95 15/04/96 OMAERE ethno-botanical conservancy

Ecuador

126 738

1 089 281 MAEE

15/04/96 20/09/96 Contribution to the integration of environmental issues in petroleum prospecting

Bolivia

112 218

679 363 MAEE

20/09/96 20/12/96 "Demonstrative projects" under the tropical forests protection programme

Brazil

1 524 490

188 884 332 MAEE

22/12/97 06/05/98 Temperate natural forests in Chile

Chile

751 269

3 748 721 MAEE

06/05/98 18/02/99 Biodiversity conservation in the Sierra Nevada

Colombia

988 784

2 273 765 MAEE

29/09/98 18/02/99 Upper Basin of the Rio Jejui and Mbaracayu nature reserve

Paraguay

1 141 301

3 312 852 MINEFI

18/02/99 29/06/00 Sustainable development in the Carrera and Capitan Prat provinces : establishment of a Regional Nature Park

Chile

1 000 000

2 300 000 MEDDTL

29/06/00 26/03/01 Pilot activities for biodiversity-based livelihoods in the Rio Negro Pantanal

Brazil

980 000

29/06/00 30/11/01 Conservation and biodiversity-based livelihoods in Amapa State

Brazil

1 140 000

2 233 000 MAEE 3 690 000 MEDDTL

26/03/01 06/07/01 Biological corridor between the Puracé and Cueva los Guacharos parks

Colombia

1 600 000

4 740 000 MAEE

26/03/01 30/11/01 Sustainable use of forest resources in the Guyanas

Latin America / Regional

1 620 000

5 030 000 MEDDTL

26/03/01 30/11/01 Sustainable management of natural resources with indigenous Mapuche communities

Chile

1 695 000

4 509 935 MAEE

06/07/01 29/03/02 Strengthening the national protected areas network

Cuba

1 500 000

13 171 000 MAEE

06/07/01 15/11/02 Conservation and development in subtropical montane forests (Upper Bermejo ecological corridor)

Argentina

1 000 000

4 247 980 MAEE

30/11/01 15/11/02 Plant biodiversity conservation and livelihoods in the tropical zones of the Chaparé - BIODESA

Bolivia

450 000

966 000 MESR

30/11/01 04/07/03 Biodiversity protection in the Coco Island Marine Conservation Area

Costa Rica

1 065 000

3 549 800 MEDDTL

30/04/03 27/11/03 Support to indigenous communities in the Canaïma National Park

Venezuela

470 000

1 185 000 MEDDTL

04/07/03 26/03/04 Protected areas and benefit sharing in western Caribbean states

Western Caribbean 1 372 000

6 116 800 MAEE

26/03/04 07/07/04 Integrated protected area Management in Guatemala's Caribbean region

Guatemala

26/03/04 05/07/05 Sustainable management of forest resources in Amazonia

Brazil

800 000

2 028 000 MAEE

1 380 000

27/10/04 30/03/05 Conservation and sustainable use of coral reefs in the Meso-American eco-region

Guatemala/ Honduras

3 190 000 MAEE

750 000

2 790 795 MAEE

18/12/06 30/11/07 Development of Uruguay's national protected areas network

Uruguay

1 000 000

5 216 000 MEDDTL

30/03/07 30/11/07 Biodiversity and sustainable forest management on the Guyanese plateau

Guyanas

1 300 000

6 790 000 MEDDTL

03/04/08 27/11/08 Support to public and private operators for sustainable forest management in the Congo and Brazilian Amazon basins

Latin America / Regional

400 000

AFD

03/07/09 02/04/10 Sustainable management of Amapa state forests (Brazilian Amazon)

Brazil

27/11/09 09/07/10 Support to innovative financing for biodiversity conservation (RedLAC)

Latin America / Regional

31/03/11 06/07/11 Sustainability of community co-management and conservation mechanisms for biodiversity in the Guatemalan system of protected areas

Guatemala

1 496 000

3 576 000 MEDDTL

25/11/11

Brazil

2 000 000

8 600 000 MEDDTLMAE

Total Latin America

Experimental platform for the management of rural territories in the Legal Amazon (PETRA)

29 projects

1 600 000

5 457 759 MEDDTL

983 000

3 850 000 AFD

31 053 628 296 154 729

NB: The three projects for “Coral reef protection and livelihoods (Lesser Antilles)” are counted as one. The project for “Support to public and private operators for sustainable forest management in the Congo and Brazilian Amazon basins” is counted as a single project attributed to Africa..

4 • FFEM - 2011


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PROJECTS CO-FINANCED BY THE FFEM

Biodiversity projects identified or launched in Asia and Pacific Project Project identification launch date date

Project title

Country

21/10/94 07/07/95

Biodiversity conservation in the forests of the Western Ghâts

India

26/03/01 29/03/02

Wild cattle reserve

Vietnam

FFEM grant in €

Total amount in €

Project promoter

125 466

301 697

MAEE

1 049 000

3 202 000

MAEE

24/05/02 07/07/04

Maintaining and preserving urban hydro systems in the tropics

Laos

600 000

1 383 280

AFD

04/07/03 07/07/04

Preservation and uses of root-crop agro-biodiversity

Vanuatu

677 000

1 395 000

MAEE

26/03/04 07/07/04

Contribution to the regional coral reefs initiative for the South Pacific

South Pacific/ Regional

2 000 000

8 700 000

AFD-MAEE

30/03/05 05/07/06

Network of marine protected areas and sustainable tourism on the Andaman coast

Thailand

1 000 000

13 750 000

AFD

30/03/05 05/07/05

Ecosystem conservation in the Cardamom Islands

Cambodia

840 000

2 080 000

AFD

30/03/07 30/11/07

Ecotourism development and biodiversity protection in Lao Caï province

Vietnam

890 000

27 680 000

AFD

03/04/08 03/07/09

Development of eco-certified economic sectors to supply the aquarium market from post-larval reef fish and crustaceans in the South Pacific

South Pacific/ Regional

500 000

1 200 000

AFD

Total Asia and Pacific 9 projects

7 681 466 59 691 977

Biodiversity projects identified or launched in Eastern Europe Project Project identification launch date date

15/04/96 20/12/96

Project title

Country

FFEM grant in €

Ecosystem protection and livelihoods in Bulgaria's Dobroudja region

Bulgaria

286 604 1 200 000

Total amount in €

Project promoter

664 678

MAEEMEDDTL 14 230 000 KFW

29/06/00 30/11/01

Management and amenities in a pilot community forest

Georgia

27/11/00 06/07/01

Network of foundations for biodiversity

Hungary

1 106 000

3 076 000

MEDDTL

09/07/10 31/03/11

Safeguarding biodiversity in Albania’s mountain areas: sustainable agriculture and livestock development, identification and promotion of biodiversity-based and local produce

Europe / Regional

1 200 000

3 783 850

MAEE

Total Eastern Europe

4 projects

3 792 604 21 754 528

Biodiversity projects identified or launched in the Mediterranean Project Project identification launch date date

Project title

Country

FFEM grant in €

Total amount in €

Project promoter

15/03/95 22/12/97

Conservation of natural coastal areas in the Mediterranean basin

Lebanon

461 669

857 091

MEDDTL

15/03/95 22/12/97

Conservation of natural coastal areas in the Mediterranean basin

Morocco

607 471

4 932 557

MEDDTL

609 796

20 307 886

MEDDTL

91 469

91 469

MEDDTL

15/03/95 22/12/97

Conservation of natural coastal areas in the Mediterranean basin

Tunisia

15/03/95 22/12/97

Conservation of natural coastal areas in the Mediterranean basin (monitoring and assessment)

Maghreb/ Regional

29/09/98 07/03/00

Management of the Ifrane nature park and areas surrounding the forest

Morocco

2 288 000

20 253 000

27/11/00 15/11/02

Protected marine and coastal areas

Tunisia

1 475 000

4 283 000

AFD MEDDTL

27/10/04 05/07/05

Development of a national commission for the Algerian coastline

Algeria

1 200 000

3 000 000

MEDDTL

05/07/05 25/11/05

Support to Lebanese nature reserves

Lebanon

1 400 000

3 005 000

AFD

27/11/09 02/04/10

Contribution to the management plan for the Chaambi National Park

Tunisia

900 000

2 472 000

MEDDTL

Total Mediterranean

6 projects

9 033 406 59 202 003

NB: The four projects for “Conservation of natural coastal areas in the Mediterranean basin” are counted as one.

Total for biodiversity 118 projects

123 948 228

1 022 961 622

FFEM - 2011 • 5


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PROJECTS CO-FINANCED BY THE FFEM

 Small-Scale Initiatives Programme Projects launched in Novembre 2005 Country

Beneficiary

Benin

FAT

Project title

Planning and traditional management for the AdjiroGallery Forest

Total amount in €

FFEM grant in €

80 000

45 000

Burkina Faso

Naturama

Participatory management for the Oursi Pond

108 000

30 000

Gabon

Ibonga

Education and tourist interpretation in protected areas of the Gamba

100 000

50 000

Gabon

Maison du Tourisme et de la Nature

Upper Ogooué Museum

30 000

15 000

Laos

Elephantasia

Elephant conservation

184 000

50 000

Madagascar

APMM

Biological corridor between the Ranomafana and Andringitra National Parks

60 000

30 000

Madagascar

Fanamby

Protected area in the Loky Manambato region

70 200

35 000

Madagascar

GEVALOR

Waste recovery in Mahajanga

225 000

50 000

Mauritania

IUCN Mauritania / Ouadane Municipality

Community protected area in the Saharan municipality of Ouadane

120 000

50 000

977 200

355 000

Total 9 projects

Projects launched in March 2006 Benin

ABPEE

Development of a toolbox for environmental management

Benin

AVPN

Creation of a transboundary conservation area for hippopotamus

60 000

10 000

131 049

39 000

Comoros

FADESIM

Ecotourism in Mohéli and environmental associations

60 500

49 000

Congo

RENATURA Congo

Sea turtle research and conservation

106 145

40 000

Congo

HELP

Environmental education programme

142 500

30 000

Gabon

ASF

Reducing human pressure on leatherback turtles in Pongara

69 892

40 000

Gabon

Gabon Environnement

Ecotourism and sea turtle protection in Mayumba

71 651

40 000

Madagascar

APA / WCS

Marine reserve and fisheries resource management

130 000

50 000

Madagascar

L'Homme et l'Environnement

Enhancing biodiversity value by marketing products to the international private sector

100 000

30 000

Morocco

ECODEL

Demand-side household energy management in the town ofLarache

90 071

25 000

Pacific, New Caledonia

Opération Cétacés

Conservation of humpback whales

130 073

37 000

Central African RICAGIRN FB Republic

Creation of a village hunting zone

66 666

40 000

Senegal

Studies and protection of manatees in the Senegal River

59 000

20 000

1 217 547

450 000

Noé Conservation / Océanium

Total 13 projects

Projects launched in December 2006 Benin

AFEL

Preservation of mangroves in southern Benin's coastal lagoon

36 000

18 000

Congo Brazzaville

CFC

Community hunting reserve in Ibolo-Koundoumou

97 079

38 285

Madagascar

Megaptera

Whale watching in Sainte Marie

70 576

50 000

301 000

48 300

504 655

154 585

32 993 57 147 112 598 221 000 41 415 174 200 45 810 113 890

21 000 42 200 31 400 50 000 31 000 50 000 32 600 50 000

799 053

308 200

Central African APFC / IGF Republic

Wildlife management in village hunting zones

Total 4 projects

Projects launched in March 2007 Benin Benin Burkina Faso Colombia Gabon Mozambique Sao Tomé Senegal

CERGET EcoBénin OND Tchendukua Ici et Ailleurs CADDE Cabo Delgado Monte Pico Wetland International Sénégal

Total 8 projects

Conservation and livelihoods from the Kpinkonzoumé and Houanvè forests Ecotourism around Lake Ahémé Community nature reserve for wildlife management Recovery of land rights and biodiversity preservation in the Sierra Nevada Mangrove conservation in Akanda Sustainable management of human / elephant conflicts Enhancing the value of the Bom Sucesso botanical garden Management of the Trois Marigots regional heritage area

SSI  6 • FFEM - 2011


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PROJECTS CO-FINANCED BY THE FFEM

Projects launched in July 2007 Benin Benin Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Gabon Gabon Gabon Madagascar Niger Sao Tomé

CREDI UNSO ATTPH / GERES CDPF PROGRAM Maison du Tourisme et de la Nature Les Amis du Pangolin 2HY-FAIRE LIEN APHN - Noé Conservation MARAPA

Protection of a wetland area and sitatunga antelopes Recycling used tyres Support to ATTPH practitioners of traditional medicine to protect threatened medicinal species Reintroduction and breeding of West African ostriches Community ecotourism in Doussala village Setting up an eco-museum for children

78 989 16 518 42 305 95 786 66 084 19 060

28 100 12 400 20 100 50 000 47 700 15 000

Training for young people in natural resource protection Theater workshops to raise awareness on environmental protection Creation of a protected area for hippopotamus conservation Good practice for environmentally sound fishing

12 883 66 000 77 000 30 798

10 000 21 600 50 000 23 100

Total 10 projects

505 423 278 000

Projects launched in November 2007 Algeria Gabon Senegal

ASJDN Mogheso SANTORUN

Creating a steppe zone forest reserve Community tourism in the Lopé National Park Botanical garden for medicinal plants

50 000 58 550 47 640

Total 3 projects

37 500 30 000 33 000

156 190 100 500

Projects launched in April 2008 Benin Benin Cambodia Gabon Gabon

Setting up an intermunicipal medicinal plant garden Protection of the Djagballo forest by traditional hunting groups Traditional medicinal know-how and creation of a medicinal plant garden Involving local communities in conservation and management of the Gamba complex Developing ecotourism in the Minkébé National Park

Madagascar

CIED FAT Nomad RSI Association IBONGA Association Culture Nature Edzengui L'Homme et l'Environnement NY TANINTSIKA

Polynesia

TE MANA O, TE MOANA

Madagascar

55 991 73 962 38 400 100 000 48 810

30 000 39 000 17 700 35 000 26 000

Conservation and livelhoods from the Vohibola coastal forest

88 320

50 000

Production of wild silk from the Tapia forests

54 427

30 000

Educational kit to raise awareness on sea turtle protection in the Pacific

83 500

16 000

Total 8 projects

543 410 243 700

Projects launched in September 2009 Benin

U-AVIGREF (Union des

Pimento crops as a source of income to reduce conflict between humans and elephants,

59 550

45 000

65 500

40 000

98 890

48 712

20 292 65 430 192 120 112 600 100 200 184 500

8 700 32 700 50 000 50 000 50 000 33 000

96 500

47 500

Development of shade-grown cocoa plantations

67 000

33 500

Contribution to integrated management of the Sarambwé reserve

66 175

20 000

Promotion of agro-ecological techniques in a context of climate change

71 500

35 000

154 300

50 000

Associations Villageoises de Gestion des Réserves de Faune) Burkina Faso FAUDEB (Association Faune et Strengthening and development of the Boumoana village hunting zone (ZOVIC), Développement au Burkina) Gourma Province, Eastern Burkina Faso Cameroon ERA (Environnement Composting household waste in the city of Dschang Recherche Actions)

Cameroon Madagascar Madagascar Madagascar Madagascar Niger

Kudatube Assoc. ASITY Madagascar Blue ventures Association FANAMBY Voakajy CERNK (Coop. d'exploitation des

Niger

réserves naturelles du Koutous) ASGN (Association pour la Conservation of giraffes in Niger and community development sauvegarde des girafes du Niger)

Congo (DR) Congo (DR)

Le Domaine des Monts de la Lune Association VONA

Kudu programme for marine turtle protection Support to community management of natural resources in the Mahavavy-Kinkony district Extension of the Kirindi National Marine Park Livelihoods from resources in the protected areas of Sainte-Marie Island Natural resource management in Anosibe An'Ala Encouragement of captive redneck ostrich populations in Kellé, Niger

(La voie de la nature)

Senegal

Enda Tiers Monde / Programme Protection Naturelle

Senegal

Agence régionale de développement de Tambacounda

Total 14 projects

Preservation and development of the Boundou community nature reserve

1 354 557 544 112

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PROJECTS CO-FINANCED BY THE FFEM

 SSI

Projects launched in February 2010

Burundi Cameroun Cameroun

ABO ROSE ERUDEF

Congo

RENATURA

Gabon Gabon

FIGET BRAINFOREST

Ghana Liberia

GWS VOSIED

Senegal FATICK Togo AE2D Total 10 projects

Involving fishing communities in conservation of the Rusizi nature reserve Support to sustainable resource management in community forests Community-based management and conservation of great apes in south-west Cameroon Marine turtle conservation in the Congo Republic : strengthening the scientific toolkit and community-managed tourism Ecotourism for lasting biodiversity conservation in the Ogivine area Enabling effective community participation in the management of national parks in Gabon Amansury Estuary and mangrove forest conservation project Strengthening biodiversity conservation through forest co-management around the Wonegizi national forest Participatory forest management planning Biodiversity-based livelihoods in the Alibi community forest

101 305 79 600 103 983

50 000 40 000 40 000

67 957

34 000

60 430 91 900

30 000 40 000

88 708 80 000

44 000 40 000

74 476 24 000 60 450 38 000 808 809 380 000

Projects launched in September 2010 Benin Burkina Faso Burundi Madagascar

CIDEV NEW TREE APRN-BEPB CETAMADA

Strengthening sustainable in the Agonvè district 25 946 19 400 Creation of 10 community forests and promotion of alternative livelhoods 90 075 43 100 Restoration of eco-climatic conditions in the Lake Rweru area 42 000 31 500 Development of sustainable whale-watching eco-tourism in Madagascar and 80 800 45 000 contribution to scientific reference material on humpback whales in the Indian Ocean Madagascar FAMA Forest restoration and improved hillside management techniques contributing to 22 650 11 000 conservation in the Ankeniheny-Zahamena Corridor Madagascar MBG Promoting sustainable community-based natural resource management in the 70 430 35 000 Pointe à Larrée area Mozambique TERRA NOVA Access to carbon credits for an urban waste composting plant (Beira, Mozambique) 90 900 50 000 Rwanda RECOR Sustainable biodiversity conservation in Akagera National Park 67 200 40 000 Tchad ILOD DARI ET GOUMADJI Introducing a system for sustainable natural resource management in the peripheral 16 129 8 100 areas of Sena Oura National Park Tchad ILOD FIANGA Support to natural resource conservation in the Fianga Lake area 45 767 22 800 Togo ENPRO Installation of a waste composting plant in Lomé 131 347 50 000 Total 11 projects 683 244 355 900

Projects launched in April 2011 Benin

CREDI-ONG

Community management of natural resources and reduction of poverty around the Sitatunga valley

40 534

25 000

Benin

BEES ONG

Conservation and promotion of the waterbird sanctuary at Lake Nokoué

62 445

44 000

Burundi

ACVE

Protection of the hippopotamus habitat and populations in the North East of Lake Tanganyika

136 038

49 000

Cameroon

ACFCam

Exploitation and commercialisation of non-timber forestry products in order to maintain forest biodiversity

64 862

32 300

Cameroon

ONED

Promotion of eco-tourism by the Bagyéli of Campo-Ma'an

77 437

40 000

Madagascar

WWF

Networking of youth environmental clubs (Vintsy) for the preservation of the south-east forest corridor

99 200

42 000

Madagascar

WCS

Supporting the civil society in responsible fishing within the Antongil bay

111 577

49 700

Mozambique ASLF

A Hi Zameni Chemucane Support Project

58 000

8 000

Nigeria

Enhanced community protection of 4 contiguous forests to attract investment

137 102

49 900

CERCOPAN

Congo (DRC) CREF Network

Creation of four community forests in Walikale Nord Kivu

42 967

32 000

Congo (DRC) GRAPEDECO-ACPF Togo JVE

Conservation of spawning sites in Lake Albert Promoting biodiversity in the Assimé classified forest

48 350 33 695

35 000 25 000

Total 12 projects

Total for SSI programme 8 • FFEM - 2011

912 207 431 900

8 462 295

3 601 897


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 Climate change

PROJECTS CO-FINANCED BY THE FFEM

Climate change projects identified or launched in Africa Project Project identification launch date date

07/07/95 20/12/96

Project title

Country

FFEM grant in €

Total amount in €

Project promoter

Village management of forest stands

Mali

762 245

1 524 490 AFD-MAEE

22/11/95 17/06/99

Integration of a decentralized electrification component

Burkina Faso

220 000

1 290 000 AFD

01/04/97 30/09/97

Alizés rural electrification project

Mauritania

762 245

4 344 797 AFD

01/04/97 18/02/99

Belle-Vue coal and bagasse-fired power plant

Mauritius

514 515 100 900 000 AFD

17/06/99 09/11/99

Agro-ecology and carbon storage (cross-cutting programme)

Africa/Regional

762 245

3 048 980 AFD-MAEE 46 405 000 AFD-MAEE

17/06/99 27/11/00

Agro-ecology action plan

Africa/Regional

1 935 600

09/11/99 07/03/00

Development of phosphate carbonate deposits

Senegal

1 112 900

7 600 000 MESR

26/03/01 30/11/01

Development of charcoal production from plant residues

Mauritania

600 000

1 569 000 MAEE

27/11/03 30/03/06

The Clean Development Mechanism in the forest sector

Africa/Regional

2 300 000

7 615 000 MAEE

07/07/04 30/03/05

CDM project incubator programme

Africa/Regional

2 000 000

25/11/05 05/07/06

Four-stroke engines for Cotonou’s two-wheeler taxis

Benin

1 000 000

2 100 000 AFD

18/12/06 06/07/07

Capacity building for adaptation to climate change in the Indian Ocean

Africa/Regional

1 000 000

3 645 000 MAEE MEDDTL 5 334 070 MEDDTL

13 990 000 AFD

18/12/06 06/07/07

Substitute coolants in Africa (AFROC)

Africa/Regional

750 000

30/03/07 27/11/08

Support to climate change adaptation in the agricultural and water sectors

Africa/Regional

1 200 000

3 000 000 MAEE

30/11/07 01/07/08

Climate change alerting systems in Africa

Africa/Regional

2 000 000

4 000 000 MAEE

01/07/08 02/04/09

Recovery and re-use of sawmill waste for combined heat and power in forestry companies

Africa/Regional

1 000 000

3 161 250 AFD

27/11/08 02/04/09

Support to energy efficiency and renewable energy in Mauritius

Mauritius

1 000 000

2 400 000 AFD

27/11/08 02/04/09

Sustainable management of community forests in Benin

Benin

1 000 000

11 510 000 AFD

27/11/09 26/11/10

Adaptation to climate change in the Quirimbas National Park

Mozambique

1 000 000

8 504 847 AFD

02/04/10 09/07/10

Forests and adaptation to climate change in West Africa (ACFAO)

Africa/Regional

1 640 000

3 909 025 AFD

02/04/10 26/11/10

Programme for the development of reference material on jatropha oil in West Africa

Africa/Regional

1 400 000

5 631 000 MEDDTLAFD

02/04/10 06/07/11

Support for the development and structuring of the jatropha/ biofuel (oil and biodiesel) farming sector in West Africa

Africa/Regional 1 100 000

26/11/10

Support to bank financing for sustainable management of humid tropical forests

Africa/Regional

26/11/10 06/07/11

Strengthening capabilities and accessing satellite data to monitor forests in Central and Western Africa

Africa/Regional 3 350 000 14 550 000 MAEEAFD(1)

26/11/10 06/07/11

African Carbon Asset Development (ACAD)

Africa/Regional 2 000 000

6 000 000 AFD

26/11/10 25/11/11

Programme supporting the definition of low-carbon and climate resilient development strategies

Africa/Regional 1 500 000

5 000 000 AFD

31/03/11 06/07/11

Africompost

Africa/Regional 1 000 000

7 060 000 MEDDTL

31/03/11 25/11/11

Pilot project to combat deforestation and the degradation of the Miombo forest in the Gilé national reserve and its peripheral areas

Mozambique

5 000 000 AFD

31/03/11

Programme supporting the supply and sustainable use of biomass energy in Asia and Africa

Africa/Regional 2 000 000

06/07/11

Support for the "LIVELIHOOD Fund"

Africa/Regional 1 200 000 31 460 000 MINEFI

Total Africa

28 projects

5 000 000 AFD

2 700 000 10 700 000 AFD

2 000 000

6 000 000 MAEE

40 809 751 332 204 178

NB: The two agro-ecology projects are counted as one (1) The project was partially launched on 06/07/2011 for 1,600,000 euros

Climate change projects identified or launched in Latin America Project Project identification launch date date

Project title

Country

FFEM grant in €

381 123

Total amount in €

Project promoter

15/04/96 22/12/97

Rural electrification Programme in Bahia State

Brazil

09/11/99 29/06/00

Conversion of vehicles to natural gas in Mexico City

Mexico

1 400 000

15 244 902 MAEE-MINEFI 5 000 000 MAEE

05/07/05 30/11/07

Geothermal energy project for the Caribbean

Dominica

2 000 000

5 500 000 AFD

02/04/10 26/11/10

Regional technical platform for REDD+ development in the Guiana Shield countries

Latin America / Regional

1 000 000

3 200 000 MAEE

26/11/10

Conservation and sustainable management in the Grand Chaco

Latin America/Reg. 1 500 000

31/03/11 06/07/11

Promoting the potential of REDD+ and the CDM for the sustainable Colombia development of the Rio Magdelena

1 460 000 10 000 000 MAEE

Total Latin America

6 projects

7 741 123 43 944 902

5 000 000 MEDDTL

 Climate change FFEM - 2011 • 9


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PROJECTS CO-FINANCED BY THE FFEM

 Climate change Climate change projects identified or launched in Asia and Pacific Project Project identification launch date date

Project title

21/10/94 20/09/96 30/09/97 17/06/99

Photovoltaic electrification in remote atolls Improved energy efficiency in new buildings

Vanuatu China

91 469 3 284 550

22/12/97 15/11/02 27/11/03 26/03/04 05/07/05 30/03/07

17/06/99 27/11/03 26/03/04 27/10/04 30/03/06 03/04/08

Indonesia China Vietnam Afghanistan China China

610 000 2 700 000 2 000 000 1 350 000 750 000 600 000

06/07/07 02/04/09 02/04/09 27/11/09 02/04/10 09/07/10

30/11/07

Development of small-scale hydropower in remote rural areas Energy efficiency in programming and construction of housing Integrated and sustainable public transport in the greater Hanoi area Dissemination of good practice in energy efficiency in the construction sector Support to setting up CDM projects in four provinces of western China Support to the financing programme for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects Platform for biofuel development Sustainable Bangkok Planet mapping for the Maldives "Rural carbon" and capacity building project in Sichuan and Yunnan provinces Sustainable planning for electricity supplies in the Mekong Basin countries Programme for large-scale dissemination of low-carbon technologies financed by the carbon market RESCCUE Project (Restoration of Ecosystem Services against Climate Change Unfavorable Effects)

India Thailand The Maldives China Asia/Regional Asia/Regional

200 000 1 500 000 1 500 000 1 000 000 1 000 000 1 350 000

Pacific / Regional

2 000 000

03/07/09 09/07/10 09/07/10 26/11/10

26/11/10

Total Asia and Pacific

Country

FFEM grant in €

15 projects

Total amount in €

Project promoter

609 796 AFD 76 200 000 MINEFIMEDDTL 50 000 000 MINEFI 297 100 000 MEDDTL 178 000 000 MINEFI 12 915 000 MAEE 1 500 000 AFD 61 200 000 AFD 420 000 52 000 000 6 337 595 75 300 000 7 000 000 4 391 211

AFD - MESR AFD AFD AFD AFD AFD

5 000 000 AFD

19 936 019 827 973 602

Climate change projects identified or launched in Eastern Europe Project Project identification launch date date

Project title

Country

FFEM grant in €

Total amount in €

30/09/97 09/11/99

Fund for energy efficiency and carbon emissions reduction

Eastern Europe 2 000 000

15/11/02 27/11/03

Organization of a regional fuelwood sector

Lithuania

1 050 000

102 000 000 10 800 000

07/07/04 30/03/05

Capacity building and support to the establishment of an energy efficiency fund Eastern Europe 2 000 000

6 000 000

Total Eastern Europe

3 projects

Project promoter

MINEFI MEDDTL MAEE

5 050 000 118 800 000

Climate change projects identified or launched in Mediterranean Project Project identification launch date date

Project title

Country

FFEM grant in €

1 905 000

Total amount in €

Project promoter

22/11/95 06/05/98

Energy efficiency in buildings and thermal regulations

Tunisia

15/04/96 01/04/97

Energy efficiency improvements in collective housing stock

Lebanon

22/12/97 26/03/01

Urban fuel would use

Morocco

1 594 054

17/06/99 06/07/01

Decentralised electrification and solar pumps

Morocco

1 600 000 19 400 000 AFD

24/05/02 15/11/02

Energy and environment upgraded in Sidi-Bernoussi

Morocco

825 000

07/07/04 27/10/04

Overall rural electrification

Morocco

500 000 50 500 000 AFD

25/11/05 05/07/06

Installation of a water treatment plant in Fez with a biogas-to-energy system Morocco

06/07/07 30/11/07

Support to energy management in industry and the tertiary sector

Jordan

06/07/07 27/11/09

Energy efficiency improvements in buildings

Morocco

01/07/08 27/11/08

Assistance to the Palestinian Authority to develop demand-side electricity management

Autonomous 1 000 000 Palestinian Territories

02/04/09 03/07/09 27/11/09 09/07/10 09/07/10 26/11/10

Support to improved urban transport in Cairo Programme for energy efficiency in industrial SMEs in Turkey Support to the organisational structure of projects under the Solar Plan for the Mediterranean (SPM) Optimising the production of goods and services by Mediterranean forest ecosystems within the context of global changes (Phase 1)

Egypt Turkey Mediterranean / Regional Mediterranean Regional

31/03/11 06/07/11

8 079 798 AFD

868 959 10 549 472 MEDDTL 4 100 000 AFD 1 942 000 MAEE

900 000 65 820 000 AFD 1 560 000

3 340 000 AFD

900 000 13 200 000 MEDDTL

1 000 000 1 500 000 750 000

}

06/07/11 25/11/11

Optimising the production of goods and services by Mediterranean Mediterranean forest ecosystems within the context of global changes (Phase 2) Regional

Total Mediterranean

14 projects

2 400 000 AFD

2 870 000 AFD 3 000 000 AFD 1 500 000 MEDDTLAFD 1 350 000 8 500 000 MEDDTL (1) 1 300 000

MEDDTL (1)

17 553 013 195 201 270

(1) Phases 1 and 2 of the Mediterranean forest ecosystem project only account for one single project

Total for climate change 66 projects 10 • FFEM - 2011

91 089 906

1 518 123 952


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PROJECTS CO-FINANCED BY THE FFEM

 International waters International waters projects identified or launched in Africa Project Project identification launch date date

06/05/98 18/02/99 09/11/99 27/11/00 27/11/03 27/10/04 27/10/04 18/12/06 01/07/08

Project title

29/06/00 30/04/03 26/03/01 15/11/02 07/07/04 25/11/05 30/03/06 06/07/07 27/11/08

Country

FFEM grant in €

Total amount in €

Project promoter

2 950 000 2 220 000 1 927 500 4 421 500 39 950 000 29 440 000 4 000 000 2 700 000 9 680 000

MAEE MAEE MAEE MAEE AFD-MAEE MAEE AFD MAEE AFD

Support to water management in the Senegal River Basin Hydro-cycle monitoring system (HYCOS) Pollution control and contribution to Zambezi River Management Support to the Orange-Senqu River Basin Authority Establishment of an environmental observatory for the Niger River Basin Fisheries resource management in the South West Indian Ocean (SWIOFP) Initiative for the Nile River Basin Water resources monitoring centre for the Volta River Basin Management of west African marine and coastal biodiversity by strengthening conservation and monitoring initiatives for MPAs 02/04/10 09/07/10 Water resource monitoring and forward planning tool for the Congo River basin 31/03/11 06/07/11 Integrated and coordinated management of water resources from the aquifer systems of Iullemeden, Taoudeni/Tanezrouft and the Niger river (GICRESAIT) 06/07/11 25/11/11 Preservation of Lake Chad: Contributing to the lake's development strategy

Africa/Regional Africa/Regional Zambia/Zimbabwe Africa/Regional Africa/Regional Africa/Regional Egypt/Sudan/Ethiopia Africa/Regional Africa/Regional

1 350 000 1 000 000 1 500 000 1 500 000 1 200 000 800 000 1 000 000 1 200 000 1 600 000

Africa / Regional Africa / Regional

1 300 000 3 698 000 AFD-MAEE 499 380 2 039 650 MAEEMEDDTL

Africa / Regional

800 000 12 400 000 AFD-MAEE

25/11/11

Contribution to the sustainable management and conservation of the marine environment in the south-west area of the Indian Ocean: support for local innovation and partnerships

Africa / Regional

Total Africa

13 projects

1 000 000

3 200 000 AFD-MAEE

14 749 380 118 626 650

International waters projects identified or launched in Latin America Project Project identification launch date date

Project title

20/12/96 17/06/99 26/03/01 30/04/03 30/04/03 26/03/04 25/11/11

Water resources monitoring for the Upper Paraguay basin Environmental protection for the Rio de la Plata Management of Rio Magdalena lake and river ecosystems Establishment of long-term financing funds for the Marine Protected Areas network and the Meso-American Reef Coastlines (MAR Fund)

Total Latin America

4 projects

Country

Latin America/Reg. Argentina/Uruguay Colombia Latin America Regional

FFEM grant in €

Total amount in €

Project promoter

1 894 180 1 005 000 1 200 000 1 060 000

4 876 007 6 896 000 6 910 819 9 223 000

MINEFI MAEE MAEE MEDDTL

5 159 180 27 905 826

International waters projects identified or launched in Asia and Pacific Project Project identification launch date date

Project title

Country

07/07/04 30/03/06

Support to the Mekong River Commission (MRC)

Asia/Regional

03/07/09 27/11/09

Decision support for sustainable hydropower in the Mekong Basin

Asia/Regional

06/07/11

Supporting the sustainable development of the Ha Long Bay and its region

Vietnam

Total Asia and Pacific

3 projects

FFEM grant in €

Total amount in €

Project promoter

1 000 000 3 500 000 AFD 800 000 4 075 000 AFD 1 000 000 3 400 000 AFD

2 800 000 10 975 000

International waters projects identified or launched in Eastern Europe Project Project identification launch date date

20/09/96 06/05/98 26/03/01 15/11/02

30/09/97 09/11/99 30/11/01 04/07/03

03/07/09 02/04/10

Total Eastern Europe

Project title

Country

FFEM grant in €

Recovery of irradiated material from the Lepse Support to transboundary management of the Irtysh River Basin Production of a management plan for the River Narva catchment basin Transboundary management of the Korös/Crisuri river basin

Russia Russia/Kazakhstan Estonia and Russia Hungary/Roumania

Data management capacity-building for assessment and monitoring of transboundary water resources in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (EOCAC)

Eastern Europe / Regional

5 projects

1 417 041 1 000 000 1 165 000 1 024 000

Total amount in €

8 634 712 2 500 000 2 510 020 3 700 000

Project promoter

MAEE MEDDTL MESR MEDDTL

800 000 2 252 260 MEDDTL

5 406 041 19 596 992

 International waters FFEM - 2011 • 11


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PROJECTS CO-FINANCED BY THE FFEM

 International waters

International waters projects identified or launched in Mediterranean Project Project identification launch date date

21/10/94 22/11/95 06/05/98 30/04/03 05/07/05

21/10/94 17/06/99 29/03/02 27/11/03 30/03/06

18/12/06 06/07/07 06/07/07 03/04/08 03/04/08 01/07/08 01/07/08 02/04/09 27/11/08 02/04/09 26/11/10 31/03/11

Total Mediterranean

Project title

Resource management in the Jordan River Basin Hydrological data Support to PAS MED implementation Sahara aquifer system Red Sea-Dead Sea water transfer Shared management of the North Sahara aquifer system Strategic partnership for the large Mediterranean marine ecosystem Definition and support to implementation of an overall plan for depletion and protection of the Nador lagoon Controlling waste immersion in the Mediterranean Sea Coastal aquifers in southern Tunisia Strengthening the management network of Marine Protected Areas in the Mediterranean (MedPAN)

Country

FFEM grant in €

Mediterranean Mediterranean Mediterranean/Reg. Algeria/Libya/Tunisia Autonomous Palestinian Territories Mediterranean/Reg. Mediterranean/Reg. Morocco

Total amount in €

290 676 290 676 1 675 154 1 830 000 1 353 000 12 400 000 315 000 1 835 000 1 000 000 12 970 000

MINEFI MINEFI MEDDTL MEDDTL AFD

500 000 1 990 300 MEDDTL 2 000 000 10 230 000 MEDDTL 500 000 58 500 000 AFD

Mediterranean/Reg. 350 000 Tunisia 950 000 Mediterranean/Reg. 750 000

11 projects

Project promoter

1 162 000 MEDDTL 4 000 000 MEDDTL 1 664 400 MEDDTL

9 683 830 106 872 376

Total for international waters 36 projects

37 798 431 283 976 844

 Land degradation, desertification, deforestation and POP Land degradation projects identified or launched in Africa Project Project identification launch date date

20/12/96 22/12/97 09/11/99 27/11/00 27/11/03

30/09/97 07/03/00 07/03/00 30/11/01 05/07/06

27/10/04 30/03/07 06/07/07 27/11/08 07/07/09 02/04/10

31/01/05 03/04/08 03/04/08 03/07/09 27/11/09 09/07/10

Project title

31/03/11

Network of long-term ecological monitoring centres - ROSELT The global environment and combating desertification Support to local development in West Africa (padl) Support to local development in West Africa (pdlo) Programme to eliminate and prevent the resurgence of obsolete pesticide stockpiles Environmental approach to locust control Combating desertification and sustainable natural resource management Multi-country agro-ecology support programme (PAMPA) Rational management of polychlorobiphenyls (PCB) in West Africa Natural resource and land management in Sahelian Africa Regional programme for sustainable land use management and climate change adaptation in the Sahel and West Africa (PRGDT) Development of a fair trade gold mining sector in West Africa

Total Africa

12 projects

Country

FFEM Total grant in € amount in €

Project promoter

Africa/Regional Africa/Regional Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Mali

1 341 551 3 000 000 1 600 000 1 610 000 600 000

6 396 761 3 300 000 11 200 000 11 500 000 6 600 000

MAEE-MEDDTL MAEE AFD AFD MEDDTL

Africa/Regional Djibouti (DR) Africa/Regional Africa/Regional Africa/Regional Africa / Regional

1 000 000 1 000 000 1 000 000 800 000 750 000 2 000 000

10 684 000 8 900 000 3 250 000 10 376 016 2 565 562 13 200 033

MAEE AFD MAEE MEDDTL AFD-MAEE MAEE

Africa / Regional

900 000

2 380 000 MAEE

15 601 551 90 352 372

Land degradation projects identified or launched in Asia and Pacific Project Project identification launch date date

Project title

26/03/04 07/07/04

Support to the development of agro-ecology techniques

Total Asia and Pacific

1 project

Country

Laos

FFEM grant in €

1 470 000

Total amount in €

Project promoter

3 635 000 AFD

1 470 000 3 635 000

Land degradation projects identified or launched in Mediterranean Project Project identification launch date date

27/11/03 07/07/04 18/12/06 03/07/09

25/11/05 05/07/06 30/03/07 27/11/09

Total Mediterranean

Project title

Programme to eliminate and prevent the resurgence of obsolete pesticide stockpiles Support to development of conservation agriculture Developing livelihoods is in southern Morocco's oases Protection of plant biodiversity in Jordan

Country

Tunisia Tunisia Morocco Jordan

3 projects

FFEM grant in €

Total amount in €

Project promoter

800 000 1 400 000 1 500 000 1 000 000

4 810 000 8 900 000 5 254 500 5 342 500

MEDDTL AFD AFD AFD

4 700 000 24 307 000

NB: the project for the “programme to eliminate and prevent the resurgence of obsolete pesticides stocks” is counted as one project, and attributed to Africa.

Total for land degradation and POP 16 projects 12 • FFEM - 2011

21 771 551 118 294 372


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PROJECTS CO-FINANCED BY THE FFEM

 Ozone layer

The indicated amounts correspond to total project amounts. They are funded through French bilateral contributions and implemented by the FFEM Secretariat.

Ozone layer projects identified or launched in Africa Date approved

Project title

Country

Sector

Status

Type

Total Partners after adjustments in $

Country programme preparation Conversion of CFC-based commercial refrigeration installations in the fishing industry Training of refrigeration technicians Institutional strengthening project proposal Training and awareness of personnel involved in the task of codifying and identifying ODS and ODS-containing material Technology transfer workshop for African countries on practical implementation of the Montreal Protocol Project preparation for projects in the hotel and fisheries industries and recycling Refrigeration management plan preparation Country programme preparation Training of technicians in domestic refrigeration and air conditioning Implementation of the RMP Project preparation in the foam sector (Fofy) Phase-out of CFC-11 by conversion to methylene chloride in the manufacture of flexible polyurethane foam at Fofy Industrie Technical assistance in air conditioning Documentary on traffic in second-hand refrigerators Implementation of the RMP: set up a national recovery and recycling network Implementation of the RMP: training of personnel in charge of control and monitoring of imports of ODS Implementation of the RMP: training of trainers and refrigeration technicians in good service practices Refrigeration and global environment evaluation of equipment modernization study Implementation of the RMP: development and implementation of a tax/ incentive programme Implementation of the RMP: training programme for customs officers Implementation of the RMP: train the trainers programme for refrigeration technicians in good management practices and a training programme to address technicians in the informal sector Implementation of the RMP: monitoring the activities of the RMP project, including registration of refrigeration service technicians, distributors and importers of CFCs Project preparation for projects in commercial refrigeration production facilities Implementation of the RMP update Terminal CFCs phase-out management plan (first tranche)

Mauritania Mauritania

Several Refrigeration

Closed Closed

CPG Technical assistance

39 771 99 522

Mauritania Mauritania Mauritania

Refrigeration Several Several

Closed Closed Closed

Training Investment Training

25 000 25 983 9 456

Regional Africa Several

Closed

Technical assistance

Senegal

Refrigeration

Closed

Preparation

Ivory Cost Madagascar Senegal Ivory Cost Mali Mali

Refrigeration Several Refrigeration Refrigeration Foam Foam

Closed Closed Closed Closed Closed Closed

Preparation Country Programme Training Technical assistance Preparation Investment

Ghana Ivory Cost Refrigeration Madagascar Madagascar

Refrigeration Refrigeration Closed

Closed Technical assistance Closed Technical assistance Technical assistance

Refrigeration

Closed

Training

45 592

Madagascar

Refrigeration

Closed

Training

49 946

Africa

Refrigeration

Closed

Technical assistance

18 900

CAR

Refrigeration

Closed

Technical assistance

1 596

CAR CAR

Refrigeration Refrigeration

Closed Closed

Training Training

50 500 43 141

CAR

Refrigeration

Closed

Training

17 264

Ivory Cost

Refrigeration

Closed

Preparation

28 964

Ethiopia Kenya

Completed Closed

Technical assistance Investment

91 300 300 914

GIZ GIZ

Mozambique Uganda Tanzania Madagascar Africa

Completed Completed Completed Completed Ongoing

Technical assistance Technical assistance Technical assistance Technical assistance Demonstration

104 512 75 000 158 752 40 500 383 595

GIZ GIZ GIZ

07/06

Refrigerant management plan update Implementation of the RMP update Refrigerant management plan update Implementation of the RMP: recovery and recycling component Strategic demonstration project for accelerated conversion of CFC chillers in 5 African Countries (Cameroon, Egypt, Namibia, Nigeria and Sudan) Project preparation for a terminal phase-out management plan

Refrigeration Terminal phase-out management plan Refrigeration Refrigeration Refrigeration Refrigeration Refrigeration

Closed

Preparation

58 610

GIZ

11/06

Project preparation for a terminal ODS phase-out management plan

Uganda

Completed

Preparation

30 000

GIZ

03/07

Project preparation for a terminal phase-out management plan in the servicing sector Terminal ODS phase-out management plan (first tranche)

Ethiopia

Completed

Preparation

30 000

GIZ

Completed

Investment

120 000

GIZ

Africa

Ongoing

Technical assistance

04/08

African customs enforcement networks for preventing illegal trade of ODS in the African sub-regional trade organizations (CEMAC, COMESA, SACU and UEMOA) Terminal CFCs phase-out management plan (second tranche)

Terminal phase-out management plan Terminal phase-out management plan Terminal phase-out management plan Terminal phase-out management plan Several

Kenya

Completed

Investment

297 000

07/08

Terminal phase-out management plan (first tranche)

CAR

Completed

Investment

55 000

07/08

Terminal ODS phase-out management plan (second tranche)

Seychelles

Completed

Investment

60 000

GIZ

07/08

Terminal phase-out management plan (first tranche)

Uganda

Completed

Investment

152 500

GIZ

04/09

Terminal CFCs phase-out management plan (third tranche)

Kenya

Ongoing

Investment

198 911

GIZ

11/09

Terminal ODS phase-out management plan (third tranche)

Seychelles

Completed

Investment

13 000

GIZ

11/09

Terminal phase-out management plan (second tranche)

Uganda

Completed

Investment

62 500

GIZ

07/10

Terminal phase-out management plan (second tranche)

CAR

Terminal phase-out management plan Terminal phase-out management plan Terminal phase-out management plan Terminal phase-out management plan Terminal phase-out management plan Terminal phase-out management plan Terminal phase-out management plan Terminal phase-out management plan

Completed

Investment

45 000

07/94 09/94 09/94 09/94 09/94 07/95 05/96 02/97 02/97 02/97 03/98 07/98 11/98 03/99 03/99 11/99 11/99 11/99 12/00 07/01 07/01 07/01

07/01

07/02 12/04 12/04 12/04 12/04 07/05 11/05 04/06

03/07 11/07

Total Africa: 44 projects and project preparations

Seychelles

Seychelles

 Ozone layer

120 000 9 752 27 375 42 781 22 375 31 436 24 600 151 000 137 107 94 619 70 805

82 150

ONUDI

PNUE

GIZ

3 546 729

FFEM - 2011 • 13


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PROJECTS CO-FINANCED BY THE FFEM

Ozone layer Ozone layer projects identified or launched in Latin America Date approved

Project title

11/99 Project preparation for phase out of methyl bromide used in grain fumigation 07/04 National CFC phase-out management plan: phase-out of ODS in the refrigeration and air-conditioning sector (first tranche) 04/11 Demonstration project for disposal of unwanted ODS

Country

Sector

Status

Type

Total Partners after adjustments in $

Costa Rica

Fumigation

Closed

Preparation

95 743

Cuba

Terminal phase-out management plan Destruction

Transferred

Technical assistance

90 760

Ongoing

Demonstration

Mexico

Total Latin America 3 projects and project preparations

501 690 ONUDI

688 193

Ozone layer projects identified or launched in Asia Date approved

Project title

07/94 Country programme preparation 10/96 Project preparation/technical assistance for MAC recycling and training in good servicing practices 10/96 Technical assistance on alternative technologies for cold storage facilities and project preparation 05/97 No clean process improvement training for electronic assemblers who phased out the use of CFC-113 11/97 Projects preparation and technical assistance in the halon sector 11/97 Project preparation and technical assistance in the solvent sector 11/97 Set up of a national programme of recovery and recycling CFC-12 (pilot project in Tehran) 03/98 Conversion to non-CFC facilities of 4 companies producing cars and wagons equipped with MAC-umbrella project 11/98 Small and medium enterprises study 11/98 Project preparation in the commercial refrigeration sector 11/98 Technical assistance in the air-conditioning sector 03/99 Technical assistance in air-conditioning 03/99 Technical assistance for country programme and refrigerant management plan preparation 07/99 Survey for halon banking management plan in West Asia (Bahrain, Lebanon, Qatar and Yemen) 07/99 Conversion to ODS-free technology at Dorcharkh Company 07/99 Halon management programme 07/99 CFC emission reductions in spinning halls air conditioning systems chillers (pilot project) 11/99 Project preparation of phase out of use of ODS solvent in production of parts working in high voltage conditions 11/99 Development of a halon banking management plan 11/99 Conversion from CFC-11 to HCFC-141b and from CFC-12 to HFC-134a technology in the manufacture of commercial refrigeration equipment at Bashar Refrigerators 11/99 CFC emission reduction in central air conditioning 11/99 Conversion from CFC-11 to HCFC-141b and from CFC-12 to HFC-134a technology in the manufacture of commercial refrigeration equipment at Sarkisian Refrigerators 11/99 No clean process improvement training for electronic assemblers 03/00 Halon banking management plan in West Asia countries: Bahrain, Lebanon, Qatar and Yemen (jointly implemented with Germany) 07/01 Implementation of the RMP: recovery and recycling, training and demonstration project (complement) 07/01 Implementation of the RMP: training of trainers in good refrigerant management practices (phase I); national technicians training project (phase II) 07/01 Implementation of the RMP: customs training programme 07/01 Establishing a halon bank and umbrella project for 63 manufacturers 12/03 National CFC phase-out plan: 2004 annual implementation programme

Country

Sector

Status

Type

Total Partners after adjustments in $

Vietnam Iran

Several Refrigeration

Closed Closed

Country Programme Preparation

21 035 30 000

Vietnam

Refrigeration

Closed

Technical assistance

35 036

Malaysia

Solvents

Closed

Training

223 602

Iran Iran Iran

Halons Solvents Refrigeration

Closed Closed Closed

Preparation PrĂŠparation Technical assistance

32 250 38 065 242 975

Iran

Refrigeration

Closed

Investment

113 366

Iran Syria Syria Jordan Laos

Several Refrigeration Refrigeration Refrigeration Several

Closed Closed Closed Closed Closed

Technical assistance Preparation Technical assistance Technical assistance Country Programme

28 050 16 922 25 982 20 866 43 369

Asia

Halons

Closed

Technical assistance

31 087

Iran Iran Vietnam

Solvents Halons Refrigeration

Closed Trasnferred Closed

Investment Technical assistance Investment

174 890 121 800 225 409

China

Solvents

Closed

Preparation

Syria Syria

Halons Refrigeration

Closed Closed

Technical assistance Investment

57 536 132 498

Syria Syria

Refrigeration Refrigeration

Completed Completed

Investment Investment

106 383 57 783

Thailand Asia

Solvents Halons

Closed Closed

Training Technical assistance

119 900 120 100

Laos

Refrigeration

Completed

Technical assistance

40 800

Laos

Refrigeration

Completed

Training

78 750

Laos Syria

Refrigeration Halons

Completed Closed

Training Technical assistance

Iran

Terminal phase-out management plan

Completed

Investment

82 500

81 542 164 900 1 006 620

Table continued on next page 14 • FFEM - 2011

GIZ




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PROJECTS CO-FINANCED BY THE FFEM

Date approved

Project title

Country

04/04 CTC phase-out plan for the consumption and production sectors: 2004 work programme 04/05 CTC phase-out plan for the consumption and production sectors: 2005 annual programme 04/05 National CFC phase-out plan: 2005 annual implementation programme 07/06 CTC phase-out plan for the consumption and production sectors: 2006 annual programme 07/06 Project preparation for a terminal phase-out management plan for CFCs 07/07 CTC phase-out plan for the consumption and production sectors: 2007 annual programme 04/08 Terminal phase-out management plan (first tranche)

India

Laos

07/10 Terminal phase-out management plan (second tranche)

Laos

Sector

Terminal phase-out management plan Terminal phase-out management plan Terminal phase-out management plan Terminal phase-out management plan Terminal phase-out management plan Terminal phase-out management plan Terminal phase-out management plan Terminal phase-out management plan

India Iran India Laos India

Status

Type

Total Partners after adjustments in $

Completed

Investment

1 000 000

GIZ

Completed

Investment

1 000 000

GIZ

Completed

Investment

500 000

GIZ

Completed

Investment

500 000

GIZ

Closed

Preparation

39 750

Completed

Technical assistance

500 000

Ongoing

Investment

189 300

Ongoing

Investment

161 781

Total Asia and Pacific: 37 projects and project preparations

GIZ

7 364 847

Ozone layer projects identified or launched in Mediterranean Date approved

05/96 05/96 10/96 10/96 10/96 10/96 10/96 10/96 10/96 10/96 10/96 11/97 11/97 11/97 11/97 11/97 07/99 11/99 12/00

Project title

Country

Projects preparation and technical assistance in the foam sector Project preparation for the formulation of a project to implement a recycling network for CFC-11, CFC-12 and HCFC-22 Project preparation for the commercial refrigeration sector Project preparation to establish a CFC and HCFC recovery and recycling centre Conversion to non-CFC technology in the manufacture of flexible foam (slabstock) at Plastiflex Sarl Conversion to non-CFC technology in the manufacture of flexible foam (slabstock) at Fomaco Sarl Conversion to non-CFC technology in the manufacture of rigid foam (sandwich panels) at Kilzi and Co. Sarl Conversion to non-CFC technology in the manufacture of polyurethane flexible molded foam at Meuble Mode Sarl Conversion to non-CFC technology in the manufacture of flexible foam (slabstock) at Merza Foam Sarl Conversion to non-CFC technology in the manufacture of flexible foam (slabstock) at Furniture and Plastic Sarl (FAP) Technical assistance on alternative technologies for cold storage facilities Conversion of refrigeration industrial facilities Training of refrigeration technicians on recovery and recycling methodologies Implementation of an ODS recovery and recycling network Training of refrigeration technicians on recovery and recycling methodologies Implementation of an ODS recovery and recycling network Remaining issues for a RMP and preparation of strategy and projects for reduction of CFC emissions in centrifugal chillers Phase-out of methyl bromide use in the cut flower and banana production Technical assistance for cold storage equipment (training and demonstration project)

Total Mediterranean: 19 projects and project preparations

Total for ozone layer 103 projects

Sector

Status

Type

Total Partners after adjustments in $

Lebanon Morocco

Foam Refrigeration

Closed Closed

Technical assistance Preparation

19 505 20 000

Lebanon Lebanon

Refrigeration Refrigeration

Closed Closed

Preparation PrĂŠparation

33 540 31 257

Lebanon

Foam

Closed

Investment

149 665

Lebanon

Foam

Closed

Investment

153 117

Lebanon

Foam

Closed

Investment

141 537

Lebanon

Foam

Closed

Investment

55 465

Lebanon

Foam

Closed

Investment

112 541

Lebanon

Foam

Closed

Investment

249 432

Morocco

Refrigeration

Closed

Technical assistance

Lebanon Lebanon

Refrigeration Refrigeration

Closed Closed

Investment Training

158 770 54 913

Lebanon Lebanon

Refrigeration Refrigeration

Completed Closed

Technical assistance Training

425 289 55 401

Lebanon Lebanon

Refrigeration Refrigeration

Completed Completed

Technical assistance Technical assistance

355 867 24 784

Morocco

Fumigation

Completed

Investment

Morocco

Refrigeration

Completed

Technical assistance

42 234

1 006 652 114 337

3 204 306

14 804 075 FFEM - 2011 • 15


2011 BEnCHMARkS FOR COMMunICATIOn ACTIvITIES

PuBLICATIOnS

SEMInARS AnD OTHER MAJOR EvEnTS

JANUARY All topic areas: Deployment of the new FFEM website in connection with the teams of the AFD website.

JANUARY

Biodiversity: Capitalisation report - Forum of West African environmental NGOs organised in June 2010 at Ouagadougou. Biodiversity: Review on the performance of fiduciary fund investments for biodiversity conservation.

APRIL

All topic areas: Strategic planning framework 2011 - 2012.

JULY

Biodiversity: 1st Conference on the Marine Protected Areas of the Caribbean, from 24 to 27 January 2011.

All topic areas: FFEM 2010 annual activity report in French and English.

FEBRUARY

Biodiversity: Assessment Guide of system loopholes in protected areas.

Biodiversity: Conference "What is the future for the coral reefs? " at the Porte Dorée Aquarium, Paris, on 7 February.

AUGUST

Biodiversity: Capitalisation brochure following the evaluation of two sustainable development projects in the Meso-American biological corridor.

MAY

Climate: Workshop on the carbon sequestration of bamboo (26 and 27 May, Yunnan, China). OCTOBER JUNE

Climate: Building and renewable energies Exhibition in Casablanca (Morocco) from 21 to 23 June 2011. Biodiversity: Conference/debate on the Project ICEMA assessment: Integrated and Community Management of Ecosystems in Namibia.

Biodiversity: Final capitalisation report on FFEM actions to conserve biodiversity in the Congo Basin. Biodiversity: Summary brochure – Action report on biodiversity conservation in the Congo Basin.

JULY- OCTOBER

Biodiversity: The FFEM at the Maya exhibition of the Quai Branly Museum.

OCTOBER

Biodiversity: Conference presenting the results of 20 years of intervention by the AFD and FFEM within the forestry sector of the Congo Basin (October 6, Paris-AFD). NOVEMBER NOVEMBER / DECEMBER

Climate: Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Climate Change (from 28 November to 9 December, Durban).

4  FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011

Climate/Biodiversity: Report on French commitments to REDD+ implemented by the FFEM


PRESS / nEWSLETTERS

JANUARY

All topic areas: Article "Le FFEM, un outil original" (The FFEM, an original tool) distributed on the Embassy network, Latitude France. All topic areas: AFD monthly newsletter from January to December, FFEM section. Land/climate degradation: Press release on the signing of the FFEM/CILSS Agreement for the regional programme on sustainable land management and climate change adaptation. Biodiversity: APAO letter (monthly).

FEBRUARY

Biodiversity: Local Burundi article. Signing of the IUCN and NGO APRN/BPM as part of the small-scale initiatives programme (SSI). Biodiversity: Article on the sustainable exploitation of Central African forests (MEDDTL website, biodiversity portal, AIF section). MARCH

Biodiversity/Climate : Launching of timber competition A’bois at the Architect House in Ile-de-France by Versailles architect students Chirac Foundation newsletter and website. APRIL

Climate: Newsletter on the Rural carbon project in China.

JUNE

Biodiversity: Information bulletin of the IGF Foundation Mozambique on the project for the Co-management of the national natural reserve of GilĂŠ and development of its peripheral areas. Biodiversity: Newsletter on the Sahelo-Saharan Antelope project, the Damagram. Ozone : Article on the Franco-Laotian co-operation: plan for the total elimination of refrigerant gases in Laos .

SEPTEMBER

Biodiversity: Joint IUCN and FFEM press release on the signing of the financial agreement between UIC France and the FFEM for the 3rd SSI phase.

OCTOBER

Biodiversity: Newsletter on the Sahelo-Saharan Antelope project, the Damagram.

DECEMBER

Climate: Article on a workshop which presented the results of 15 energy audits conducted in 2011 within industrial and public buildings in Palestinian territory.

FFEM - ANNUAL REPORT 2011 

4


Cover photographs: Franck Ribas/BRLi, Nils Devernois/AFD Coordination and writing : FFEM - Valérie Fakir and Julia Tondoux Layout and production: Assoko-studio Brigitte Verdeaux English translation: Jonckers Translation & Engineering Copyright: June 2012 ISSN 2114-1509

This report is printed by an “FSC®” certified printer (number C038071) who is a member of the IMPRIM’VERT* network It is printed with plant-based inks and alcohol-free dampener, on FSC® certified paper. * IMPRIM’ VERT is a network of printers committed to reducing the environmental impact of their activities. It is a trustworthy brand because their specifications are based on three practices: proper management of dangerous waste products, secure storage of dangerous liquids and not using toxic products.


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2011 Annual Report  

The 2011 Annual Report includes a review of the activities and the projects conducted by the French Global Environment Facility. In 2011, 18...