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cywu Rev` GB cwiYwZ‡ZB wb‡q hvq e¨w³‡K| Avi Dcb¨vm e‡j, †m GUv †g‡b †b‡e bv| Dcb¨vm hv‡`i‡K PwiÎ K‡i‡Q, Zv‡`i †fZ‡i A‡b¨i m‡½ hy³ nIqvi Mfxi AvKv•¶vi K_v Rv‡b †m, Rv‡b †m Zv‡`i wew”QbœZvi gg©R¡vjv, ZvB †m Pvq e¨w³‡K wb‡q hv‡e e¨w³i Kv‡Q, nƒ`q‡K †cuŠ‡Q †`‡e nƒ`‡qi Af¨š—‡i| Dcb¨vm wew”QbœZvi cvV bq, wgj‡bi `wjj| LÐ gvbyl wb‡q Dcb¨vm mš‘ó bq, †h Pvq gvby‡li c~Y©Zv, †h c~Y©Zv A‡b¨i m‡½ wgjbwfbœ m¤¢e bq| Dcb¨v‡mi m‡½ cywu Rev‡`i we‡ivaUv wVK GLv‡bB| cywu Rev` e¨w³‡K e¨w³Z¡ w`‡q Avevi Zv‡K Le© I wew”Qbœ Ki‡Q, Dcb¨vm Pvq cywu Rev‡`i e¨w³‡K AviI GwM‡q wb‡q hv‡e, e¨w³‡K c~Y© Ki‡e, hy³ Ki‡e| hy³ bv n‡j c~Y© nq bv, †m Rv‡b †mUv| Dcb¨vm †h A‡_© cywu Rev‡`i Ae`vb, wVK †mB A‡_©B cyuwRev`we‡ivax| gvby‡l gvby‡l wgjb gnvKv‡e¨I N‡U| †mUv †`‡LwQ Avgiv ÔBwjqv‡WÕ, ÔAwWwmÕ‡Z, Ôivgvq‡YÕ, Ôgnvfvi‡ZÕÑ gvbyl wg‡j‡Q gvby‡li m‡½| hyׇ¶‡Î, cvwievwiK Rxe‡bI| wKš‘ †mme wQj ex‡ii Kvwnbx| cywu Rev‡` GB mvaviY gvbyl gyw³ †c‡qI gyw³ cvq bv| †Rgm R‡q‡mi BDwjwmm Dcb¨v‡mi K_vUv ¯§iY Kiv hvK, `„óvš— wn‡m‡e| Gi bvqK †jcì eøgy mvgvb¨ †jvK, GKUv weÁvcb dv‡g©i Bûw` cÖwZwbwa| Bûw`iv me©ÎB wew”Qbœ, 1904 mv‡ji Wvewjb kn‡i wew”Qbœ †m cywu Rev‡`i Kvi‡Y| Zvi Rxeb gnvKv‡e¨ Kx K‡i Avm‡e? wKš‘ †Rgm

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R‡qm GKwU gnvKvwe¨K Dcb¨vm wj‡L‡Qb IB †jvKwU‡K wb‡q| Dcb¨v‡mi bvgwU G‡m‡Q wMÖK gnvKve¨ AwWwmi bvq‡Ki bvg †_‡K| BDwjwmm Uª‡qi hy× †kl K‡i `k eQi mgq wb‡qwQ‡jb †`‡k wdi‡Z; bvbv e›`‡i, Øx‡c, †`‡k †_‡g †_‡g G‡Mv‡Z n‡qwQj Zv‡K| B‡”Q K‡i bq| eva¨ n‡q, wecv‡K c‡o| †mB iK‡giB GKUv ågY GB †jcì eø‡y gi, Z‡e `k eQ‡ii bq; gvÎ GKw`‡bi| IB GKw`‡b †m †Kv‡bv bZzb e›`‡i, Øx‡c ev †`‡k hvqwb; †M‡Q mœvbvMv‡i, Aš—¨wówµqvq, Le‡ii KvM‡Ri Awd‡m, cvVvMv‡i, cvbkvjvq I cwZZvj‡q| gnvKv‡e¨i †mB exi Avi †bB, wKš‘ ågYUv Av‡Q Ges AvwZ© i‡q‡Q wgwjZ nIqvi| m½x cvIqvi, †hgbwU BDwjwm‡mi wQj| BDwjwm‡mi `k eQi †K‡U‡Q hy‡×, Aw¯’i wQ‡jb wdi‡eb M„‡n, wKš‘ cvi‡Qb bv| †jcì eøgy I †Zgwb, Zvi mgq hv‡”Q P‡j, †m wgj‡Z Pvq, Pvq msjMœ n‡Z; wKš‘ cv‡i bv| †Rgm R‡qm wew”QbœZvi GKwU KweZv †j‡Lbwb, cÖ“dK‡K wb‡q GwjqU †hgbwU wj‡LwQ‡jb; wZwb wgj‡bi AvKv•¶v wb‡q GKwU Dcb¨vm wj‡L‡Qb| wew”QbœZv hLb wgj‡bi AvKv•¶vq cwiYZ nq ZLbB †mB iƒc †bq Dcb¨v‡mi, Zvi Av‡M bq|

n‡Z nq ey‡R©vqv e¨e¯’vi| Zvi Av‡Q e¨w³Z¡, Avi Av‡Q wbtm½ nIqvi fq| †kK&mwcq‡ii gvj‡fvwjI nvm¨Ki e‡U, Z‡e KLbI †m bvqK n‡e bv Dcb¨v‡mi| †m †ePviv PvKwi K‡i †h my›`ixi evwo‡Z ZviB †cÖ‡g c‡o‡Q| Zvi aviYv mevB Zvi †cÖ‡g covi Rb¨ cvMj| Zv‡K wb‡q VvÆv Kivi Rb¨ evwoi Ab¨ wS-PvKiiv lohš¿ K‡i KΩxi nv‡Zi †jLv bKj K‡i wPwV wj‡L †d‡j w`j Zvi mvg‡b| gvj‡fvwjI †`‡L Zv‡Z †jLv Av‡Q †cÖ‡gi K_v| ï‡b †hB †cÖg-†cÖg fve Ki‡Z hvIqv Zvi, Agwb wec‡` cov| my›`ix Awjwfqv Zv‡K kvw¯— w`j, AvU‡K ivLj AÜKvi KzVwz i‡Z| Wb KzBK‡Rv‡Ui m‡½ Zvi mv`„k¨ hZ bv, ˆemv`„k¨ †m Zzjbvq A‡bK †ewk| gvj‡fvwjI KLbI bvqK n‡e bv, cvk¦©PwiÎB i‡q hv‡e wPiKvj| †cÖ‡g c‡o †m A‡b¨i cÖ‡ivPbvq Ges kvw¯— cvq, kvw¯— †c‡q ms‡kvwaZ n‡q hvq| Iw`‡K Wb KzBK‡RvU n‡jv ¯^vaxb, Zv‡K kvw¯— †`qvi †KD †bB, hv K‡i †mUv K‡i †¯^”Qvq, Zvi Av‡Q mv‡¼v cvÄv, Av‡Q Zvi Pjvi †Nvov| cÖwZwbqZ †m bZzb bZzb gvby‡li gy‡LvgywL n‡”Q| m‡e©vcwi hZB nvm¨Ki †nvK bv †Kb, bvqK †m, fuvo bq| Zv‡K

†kKm&wcqi I mv‡f©w›UR mgmvgwqK, wKš‘ †kKm&wcqi †h Dcb¨vm wjL‡eb bv Zv mv‡f©w›U‡Ri m‡½ Zvi Zzjbv Ki‡jB †evSv hvq| gvj‡fvwjI‡K wZwb Aev‡a Pjvi ¯^vaxbZv †`‡eb bv| kvw¯— †`‡eb eiÂ, †jvKwU Zvi wb‡Ri Ae¯’vb †_‡K evB‡i †h‡Z †P‡qwQj e‡j gvbyl wgj‡Z PvqÑ Dcb¨vm G †NvlYvi Rq cZvKv Dwo‡q †i‡L‡Q, m`‡¤¢| †b‡g G‡m‡Q †m SY©vi g‡Zv, cywu Rev` †hgbfv‡e †b‡g G‡mwQj GK`v| cvnvo we`xY© K‡i, mvgš—ev‡`i cvnvo| wKš‘ cywu Rev‡`i SY©vaviv nvwi‡q †M‡Q †cv‡ov Rwg‡Z| Dcb¨v‡mi †¶‡Î Zv N‡Uwb| †m GwM‡q P‡j‡Q b`xi g‡Zv| Rbc‡` ¯úk© K‡i Ges Rbc‡`i Øviv cÖfvweZ n‡q| Dcb¨vm GKwU ey‡R©vqv iƒcKí, wKš‘ Zvi AvKv•¶vUv mgvRZvwš¿K| †m e¨w³i ¯^vZ‡š¿¨ wek¦vm K‡i wVKB, wKš‘ †mLv‡b †_‡g _v‡K bv, e¨w³‡K wb‡q †h‡Z Pvq †m e¨w³i Kv‡Q, gybvdv I gy`ªvi evav †f‡O †d‡j| Zvi WvK wgj‡bi WvK| WvK mgvRZvwš¿K ms¯‹w… Zi| †m Rb¨B †m Ri“wi| 2 Wb KzBK‡RvU †_‡KB ïi“ Avm‡j| †mB †h Mwie f`ª‡jvK †ivgvÂKi NUbv LyR u ‡Zv, mvgvb¨‡K Amvgvb¨ g‡b K‡i AvµgY Ki‡Zv hLb ZLb †mB Avw` bvqK Dcb¨v‡mi| †m Pvq wgwjZ n‡e| cÖksmv cv‡e gvby‡li| exi n‡e †jvK`„wó‡Z| Zvi cÖavb ¸Y PjgvbZv; Avi wØZxq ¸Y ey‡R©vqv MYZvwš¿KZv| Pjgvb _vK‡Z wM‡q †m nvm¨Ki K‡i Zz‡j‡Q †Kej wb‡R‡K bq, weMZ hy‡Mi, ejv hvq mvgš— hy‡Mi a¨vb-aviYv¸‡jv‡K| Áv‡Z bq Aek¨, m¤ú~Y© AÁv‡Z| Dcb¨v‡mi bvqK‡K Pjgvb n‡Z nq, Ges bvMwiK

8

w`‡qB †jLv IB Avw` Dcb¨vm, mv‡f©w›U‡Ri| †kKm&wcqi I mv‡f©w›UR mgmvgwqK, wKš‘ †kKm&wcqi †h Dcb¨vm wjL‡eb bv Zv mv‡f©w›U‡Ri m‡½ Zvi Zzjbv Ki‡jB †evSv hvq| gvj‡fvwjI‡K wZwb Aev‡a Pjvi ¯^vaxbZv †`‡eb bv| kvw¯— †`‡eb eiÂ, †jvKwU Zvi wb‡Ri Ae¯’vb †_‡K evB‡i †h‡Z †P‡qwQj e‡j| Zv‡K bvqK Kivi K_v wZwb fve‡ebB bv| wKš‘ mv‡f©w›UR Zv‡K bvqK Ki‡eb, ¯^vaxbZv †`‡eb Pjvi Ges cyi‡bv mvgš—h‡y Mi nvefve, wPš—v-†PZbv †h †Kgb †eLvàv Zvi wb‡Ri hy‡M A_©vr †iv‡bmv‡Ýi cieZx© RM‡Z Zv Zz‡j ai‡eb, nvm‡Z nvm‡Z| mv‡f©w›UR †h M‡`¨ †j‡Lb, †kK&mwcq‡ii g‡Zv KweZvq bv wj‡L †mUv Aek¨ †MvUv e¨vcviUviB Askwe‡kl| `y‡kv eQ‡iiI c‡i Av‡iK bvqK, wW‡K‡Ýi wcc, Zvi wecyj cÖZ¨vkv wb‡q hvÎv ïi“ K‡iwQj| wc‡ci evev †bB, gv †bB, Mwi‡eiI Mwie †m, Zm¨ Mwie| †mB wK‡kvi MÖvg †Q‡o jÛ‡b G‡m‡Q, G‡m f`ª‡jvK n‡q‡Q| bvg-bv-Rvbv GK DcKvixi KvQ †_‡K UvKv Av‡m Zvi Rb¨ †mUv RvbZ| †m RvbZ bv †h, UvKv Avm‡j G‡m‡Q †Kv‡bv †ivgvw›UK gwnjvi nvZ †_‡K bq, GKRb fqven Acivaxi KvQ †_‡K| wcc‡K euvPv‡jv Zvi fwMœcwZ, Kvgvi †h †ckvq| bv Rv‡b †jLvcov, bv Rv‡b f`ªZv, jÛb kn‡i G‡Kev‡iB †egvbvb †h †jvK| mg¯— e¨vcviUv nvm¨Ki n‡Z cviZ| wKš‘ nvm¨Ki bq| wW‡KÝ nvm‡Qb bv, Ki“Yv Ki‡Qb,


†`Lv‡”Qb †h, wcc †ePvivi †`vl †bB, †mI ew›` GKRb †MvUv cuwy Rev`x e¨e¯’vi| UvKv GLb kvmb Ki‡Q mewKQy‡K| f`ª‡jvK n‡Z nq UvKvi †Rv‡i| wW‡KÝ Aek¨ g‡b K‡ib, wc‡ci fwMœcwZ Kvgvi n‡qI h_v_© f`ª‡jvK Ges mgv‡R hviv f`ª‡jvK †m‡R †Nviv‡div Ki‡Q Zviv Ab¨ wKQy bqÑ ciMvQv wfbœ| g‡b Ki“b †M, Zey wZwb †kKm&wcqi bb| wZwb bvUK wjL‡eb bv| bZzb hy‡Mi Wb KzBK‡RvU I mv‡¼v cvÄv wcc Ges Zvi fwMœcwZi g‡a¨ wgjevi, msjMœ nIqvi †h AvKv•¶v i‡q‡Q Zv wb‡q wW‡KÝ Dcb¨vmB wjL‡eb| PjgvbZv I MYZvwš¿KZv Dcb¨v‡mi ¸Y| Dcb¨vm ey‡R©vqv hy‡Mi iƒcKí, hvi c`aŸwb Avgiv mv‡f©w›U‡Ri †jLvq ïb‡Z †c‡qwQ| Zvi AveiY MYZvwš¿K, AvKv•¶v mgvRZvwš¿K| IB wf‡±vixq hy‡MiB Av‡iK Bs‡iR Jcb¨vwmK n‡jb Gwgwj eªw›U, hvi Dcb¨vm ÔD`wiO nvBUmÕ-G Kx †`wL Avgiv? †`wL bvqK n‡q‡Q wn_wK¬d| †K †m? bv, †KD Zvi cwiPq Rv‡b bv| Kzwo‡q cvIqv †M‡Q Zv‡K wjfvicyj kn‡ii GK iv¯—vq| ew¯—i wkï, †bvsiv gqjv; K_v e‡j ew¯— i fvlv‡ZB, cÖvq K¨vwjev‡bi g‡Zv, †kK&mwcq‡ii

mg‡qi w`K †_‡K wKQyUv c~e©eZ©x `„wófw½‡Z AviI cÖvPxb| †Rb A‡÷ªb e¨emv I evwYR¨, wKsev †ckv`vwiZ¡ Gme wek¦vm Ki‡Zb bv, wek¦vm Ki‡Zb ïay RwgwfwËK gReyZ AvwfRv‡Z¨| Zvi Wvwm© g¯— Rwg`vi| wKš‘ Wvwm©‡K bvqK nIqvi Rb¨ evwo‡Z fv‡jv GKUv MÖš’vMvi ivL‡Z n‡q‡Q| Zvi †P‡qI eo K_v, GwjRv‡e_ †e‡bU‡K we‡q bv-Ki‡Z cvi‡j Zvi bvqKZ¡ cÖwZôv †cZ bv| GwjRv‡e_ †e‡bU †K? bv, ga¨weË N‡ii GKwU †g‡q| Zvi evevi Avq mvgvb¨, †mB f`ª‡jvK †ewki fvM mgq KvUvb eB c‡o| evwo‡Z Zvi cuvP-cuvPUv weevn‡hvM¨ Kb¨v| Rwg`vi Wvwm©‡K wKQyUv †b‡g Avm‡Z n‡jv, †hvM¨ cvÎx †cj bv †m Zvi Avcb †kÖwY‡Z| we¯—i †QvUvQywU Ki‡Z n‡jv Zv‡K, †Nvovq P‡o| GwjRv‡e‡_i cvwj‡q-hvIqv †evbwU‡K D×vi K‡i Avb‡Z n‡jv cÖvq Qy‡U wM‡q| AnsKv‡i Kz‡jv‡e bv, mnbkxj n‡Z n‡e| †mB †h weL¨vZ Dw³ GwjRv‡e‡_i Wvwm©i AnsKvix Lvjv¤§v †jWx K¨v_wi‡bi gy‡Li IciÑ ÔWvwm© f`ª‡jvK, AvwgI f`ª‡jv‡Ki †g‡q e‡UÕÑ †m Dw³i Zvrch©B ev fzwj Kx K‡i| GwjRv‡e‡_i i‡q‡Q MYZvwš¿K hy‡Mi AvZ¥cÖZ¨q| GwjRv‡e_ weËevb bq, wKš‘ e¨w³Z¡evb|

weË-†emvZ cÖPiz K‡i‡Q| K¨v_vwi‡bi ev‡ci evwo, ¯^vgxi evwoÑ me nvwZ‡q wb‡q‡Q, wb‡Ri K‚UeywׇZ| G †Kej Dcb¨v‡mB m¤¢e, mvwn‡Z¨i Ab¨‡Kv‡bv iƒcK‡í bq| †Kbbv, AveviI ¯§iY Kiv hvK, Dcb¨vm n‡”Q ey‡R©vqv weKv‡ki gyLcÎ K¨vwjevb| K¨vwjev‡biI PgrKvi Kve¨‡eva Av‡Q, †`‡LwQ Avgiv, Ô`¨ †Ug‡c÷Õ bvU‡K; wKš‘ hvB _vK bv †Kb K¨vwjev‡bi, †mB `ye©„Ë †h bvqK n‡e G †Zv m¤¢e wQj bv| K¨vwjev‡biI †PvL wQj wgivÛvi Ici, †hgb wn_wK¬‡di Av‡Q K¨v_vwi‡bi Ici| wKš‘ KZ Zdvr| K¨vwjevb Rš‘, wn_wK¬d bvqK| bvqK nIqvi Rb¨ †Kej †cÖg cÖKvk K‡iwb| wn_wK¬d; †h †hvM¨Zvi Afv‡ei `i“b †m LvwiR n‡q wM‡qwQj K¨v_vwi‡bi ¯^vgx nIqvi `vwe †_‡K †mB †hvM¨Zv †m msMÖn K‡i wb‡q‡Q| GKw`b DavI n‡q †M‡Q MÖvg †_‡K, Zvici K‡qK eQi c‡i Kv‡jv my¨U Mv‡q Pvwc‡q, f`ª‡jv‡Ki fvlv wk‡L wb‡q G‡m nvwRi n‡q‡Q K¨v_vwi‡bi ¯^vgxM„‡n| weË-†emvZ cÖPiz K‡i‡Q| K¨v_vwi‡bi ev‡ci evwo, ¯^vgxi evwoÑ me nvwZ‡q wb‡q‡Q, wb‡Ri K‚UeywׇZ| G †Kej Dcb¨v‡mB m¤¢e, mvwn‡Z¨i Ab¨‡Kv‡bv iƒcK‡í bq| †Kbbv, AveviI ¯§iY Kiv hvK, Dcb¨vm n‡”Q ey‡R©vqv weKv‡ki gyLcÎ| A_©vr †mB hy‡Mi †h-hyM e‡j Rš§ †nvK h_v Z_v, gy`ªv _vK‡jB n‡jv| gy`ªv †h msMÖn Ki‡Z c‡i †m-B †hvM¨| Avw_©K cuwy R cÖavb †hvM¨Zv bq wn_wK¬‡di, wKš‘ wn_wK¬d RvbZ †h Ab¨me ¸Y wg‡_¨ n‡q hv‡e cuwy R hw` bv _v‡K| †`Š‡o †M‡Q ZvB UvKvi †Luv‡R| Av‡iK gwnjv, †Rb A‡÷b, A‡bKUv wfbœagx© Gwgwj eªw›U †_‡K| A‡bKUv †Kb ejwQ, A‡b‡K e‡jb m¤ú~Y© wfbœag©x|

GB e¨w³Z¡ †kKm&wcq‡ii iRvwjÛ I †cvwm©qv‡`i wQj, wKš‘ Zviv mevB AwfRvZ, GwjRv‡e_ hv bq| GwjRv‡e_ Aek¨ DBKnvg wKsev wg÷vi KwjÝÑ KvD‡KB we‡q Ki‡e bv, bvKivi Avmj KviY Iiv Mwie; wKš‘ Zey abevb Wvwm©‡K wKš‘ †m we‡q Ki‡Q bv, we‡q Ki‡Q f`ª‡jvK Wvwm©| Wvwm©‡K †Kej †Nvov `veovqwb ev †cÖqmxi †evb‡K D×vi K‡i G‡b †`qwb, †cÖgcÎI wj‡L‡Q e‡U| wb‡e`‡bi †m cÎ cÖZ¨vL¨vZI n‡qwQj cÖ_‡g| Wvwm©i Av‡Q PjgvbZv| Pjgvb GwjRv‡e_I| Wvwm©i cÖKvÐ evwoUv‡ZB D‡V Avm‡e GwjRv‡e_Ñ †kl ch©š—| †hb G evwo ZviB, Av‡Mi Kv‡j wmuwo †e‡q DV‡Z †M‡j av°v †L‡Zv| Rã n‡Zv| Av‡iKRb gwnjv gvj‡fvwjI‡K †cZvg Avgiv, GwjRv‡e_ †e‡bU‡K bv-†c‡q| bvwqKvi cÖm½ hLb DVjB ZLb Zv‡`i‡K G my‡hv‡M j¶¨ Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| Uª¨v‡RwW‡Z mvaviYZ cyi“livB bvqK nq| †mB RMrUv fqsKi iK‡gi cyi“lvwj e‡jB †eva nq| K‡gwW‡Z †g‡qiv cÖvavb¨ †c‡q‡Q, wKš‘ Zey Zviv cÖavb PwiÎ n‡Z Pvqwb| Dcb¨v‡mB cÖ_g †`wL bvwqKviv cÖavb n‡q `uvov‡”Q, †¶Îwe‡kl| `vwqZ¡ wb‡”Q| m‡e©vcwi Zv‡`i cÖvavb¨ esk-†MŠi‡ei Ici wbf©i Ki‡Q bv me mg‡q, KLbI KLbI Zviv cÖavb n‡”Q hv‡K PwiÎ e‡j Zvi ¸‡Y| W¨vwb‡qj wW‡dvi gj d¬¨vÛv‡m©i K_v ¯§iY Kiv hvq| †m †g‡qi cwiP‡qi wVK †bB| evi evi we‡q K‡i, NUbvP‡µ

9


Avcb fvB‡KB we‡q K‡i †d‡j GKevi| †cÖwgK Zvi GKvwaK| gj d¬¨vÛvm© Pzwi K‡i, c‡KU gv‡i| iv¯—vNv‡Ui G iKg GKwU †g‡q bvwqKv n‡e fvevUv KwVb n‡Zv GgbwK †kKm&wcq‡ii g‡Zv AmvaviY Kíbvm¤úbœ gbxlxi c‡¶I| A_P wK Abvqv‡m bvwqKv n‡q hvq gj d¬¨vÛvm©| wb‡Ri Kvwnbx wb‡RB e‡j †m| †hb †mB AwaKvi Zvi wbR¯^| Zvic‡i Ki‡Q wK? hv‡”Q P‡j `~i‡`‡k, Av‡gwiKvi fvwR©wbqv‡Z| †mLv‡b wM‡q Pvlvev` Ki‡e| m‡½ Zvi ¯^vgx‡`i GKRb, Pzwi-WvKvwZ K‡i †h †jvK cqmv K‡i‡Q cÖPiz | bZzb †`‡k wM‡q ¯^vgx-¯¿x GK‡Î Lvgvi K‡i| †`Lv hvq, Zvi gvÕI Kg hvq bv| gvÕI m¤úwË †i‡L †M‡Q Kb¨vi Rb¨| wZb-wZbwU †mªvZ †_‡K A_© P‡j Av‡mÑ G‡m bZzb Rxe‡bi wfZ M‡o †`q gj d¬¨vÛv‡m©i Rb¨| GB †g‡q †hb iwebmb µz‡mvi Avcb †evb| iwebmb †hgb Øx‡c wbw¶ß nIqvi ci bZzb Rxeb ïi“ K‡iwQj, nZvkvi Kv‡Q AvZ¥mgc©Y bv K‡i; d¬¨vÛvm©I ZvB K‡i‡Q| bZzb hy‡Mi gvbyl ZvivÑ Df‡qB| iwebmb ew›` _vK‡Z Pvqwb Zvi M„‡n| †h Rb¨ bZzb bZzb AwfÁZv G‡m‡Q Zvi Rxe‡b| iwebmbI bvqK n‡Zv| Dcb¨v‡miÑ hw` wbR©b Øx‡ci bv n‡q mgv‡Ri evwm›`v n‡Z cviZ| A_ev wiPvW©m‡bi c¨v‡gjvi K_v aiv hvK bv †Kb| c¨v‡gjvi Kvwnbx wb‡qB cÖ_g h_v_© Dcb¨vm †jLv nq, Bs‡iwR

wn‡m‡e Lvov Ki‡jb| ˆea mš—vb n‡j AvU‡K †hZ bvqK, †hgb Zvi ÔfvBÕ ˆea weøwdj AvU‡K †M‡Q Ges e×`kvq AwZ wbK…ógv‡bi cÖvYx n‡q D‡V‡Q| ¯§iYxq †h, iex›`Öbv_I Zvi Ô†MvivÕ‡K Kzwo‡q-cvIqv evjK wn‡m‡eB Dcw¯’Z K‡i‡Qb| †Mviv RvbZ bv, wKš‘ Avgiv eyS‡Z cvwi, Zvi i³ AvBwik e‡jB †m Agb Aw¯’i, Agbfv‡e fviZel©‡K Lu‡y R †d‡i †m fviZe‡l©| †Luv‡R e‡jB eo †m| iex›`Öbv‡_i Kzgy gyw³ †P‡qwQj, †mRb¨ †m we‡q Kij gaym`~ b‡K| Zvi fvB Zv‡K gyw³ w`‡Z cv‡iwb, ¯^vgx †Zv cvi‡eB bv| Uj÷‡qi ÔAvbœv Kv‡iwbbvÕ g‡¯‹v‡Z G‡mwQj ivRavbx †m›U wcUvm©evM© †_‡K| †mB AvmvUvB Kvj n‡jv Zvi| †ij‡÷k‡b †`Lv åbw¯‹i m‡½| Avbœvi gb ejwQj Zv‡K †`LvUv ïf n‡e bv, n‡jvI bv| Zvici Avbœv‡K †`wL Avi w¯’i †bB| åbw¯‹ Zv‡K AbymiY Ki‡Q Qvqvi g‡Zv, Avi Avbœv wb‡RI AZ…ß e‡U| Ni Qvoj Avbœv, Ni Avi †cj bv wd‡i, Zvici †_‡K Kvjhvcb †nv‡U‡j †nv‡U‡j| GKmgq hLb Ni †eu‡a‡Q MÖv‡g wM‡q ZLbI †nv‡U‡jiB evwm›`v †m| Uj÷‡qi Avbœvi Zzjbvq AwZmvgvb¨ †g‡q d¬‡eq‡ii gv`vg †evfvwi| gd¯^‡ji Amdj GK Wv³v‡ii ¯¿x| †KejB †ivgvÝ Pvq| wb‡R‡K Kíbv K‡i bvwqKv wn‡m‡e| †mB Zvobvq Qy‡U-Qy‡U †eovq| Zvici hLb †`‡L mevB VwK‡q‡Q

ˆea mš—vb n‡j AvU‡K †hZ bvqK, †hgb Zvi ÔfvBÕ ˆea weøwdj AvU‡K †M‡Q Ges e×`kvq AwZ wbK…ógv‡bi cÖvYx n‡q D‡V‡Q| ¯§iYxq †h, iex›`Öbv_I Zvi Ô†MvivÕ‡K Kzwo‡q-cvIqv evjK wn‡m‡eB Dcw¯’Z K‡i‡Qb fvlvq| Zvi cwiPqUvB ev Kx? bv, †m M„nf…Z¨| M„nKΩxi g„Z¨z i ci evwoi †Q‡j jvMj Zvi †cQ‡b| jvM‡eB †Zv, jvMvUvB ¯^vfvewK| wcQy Qv‡o bv, avIqv K‡i| †kl ch©š— †jvKwU ejj, c¨v‡gjv‡K †m we‡q Ki‡e| we‡q KijI| †`Lv †Mj ¸‡Yi cyi¯‹vi Av‡Q| ¯^vgxB GLb wbf©i Ki‡Q ¯¿xi Ici| PvKivbx bvwqKv n‡q †M‡Q Dcb¨v‡mi| †Kej ZvB bq, wb‡Ri Kvwnbx wb‡RB ej‡Q c¨v‡gjv, wPwVi gva¨‡g| Bsj¨v‡Ûi Aóv`k kZvãx f`ª‡jv‡Ki Kvj, †mKv‡j GB mvgvb¨ iv¯—vNv‡Ui †g‡qiv (Ges †Q‡jiv) bvqK-bvwqKv n‡q hv‡”Q Dcb¨v‡mi, Gi KviY GK ai‡bi MYZvwš¿K †PZbv weKwkZ n‡qwQj †mB mgv‡R| cuwy Rev` e¨w³Z¡ m„wó Kij Zvi wb‡Ri AvZ¥weKv‡ki c‡_ c‡_| `iKvi PjgvbZvi| Dcb¨vm Pjgvb Rxe‡biB cÖwZ”Qwe| ˆbwZK Ae¯’v‡bi w`K †_‡K Jcb¨vwmK wdjwWO wfbœ cÖKw… Zi| gvbweK ¸Y ej‡Z wZwb bxwZkv‡¯¿i AbymiY hZ bv ey‡S‡Qb Zvi †P‡q †ewk ey‡S‡Qb nƒ`‡qi DòZv| wKš‘ bvqK‡K Pjgvb ivLvi e¨vcv‡i Zvi AvMÖn wiPvW©m‡bi Zzjbvq †gv‡UB Kg bq| hv‡Z Aev‡a wgk‡Z cv‡i mevi m‡½, P‡j †h‡Z cv‡i f…Z¨ cvovq, Qy‡U †h‡Z cv‡i jÛ‡bÑ †mRb¨ wdjwWO Zvi bvqK Ug †Rvbm‡K c‡o-cvIqv wkï

10

Zv‡K, AvUKv c‡o †M‡Q †m Rv‡j, Zvi Rb¨ ZLb AvZ¥nZ¨v Qvov Avi †Kv‡bv c_B iBj bv †Lvjv| Uj÷‡qi bvqKiv A‡b‡KB Zx_©hvÎx| Ôhy× I kvwš—Õi †mB Pkgvciv _c-_‡c hyeK cxqi‡K †`wL Rxe‡bi A_© Lu‡y R †eov‡”Q, wPš—vq bq, †Kej NUbv‡ZI| Wb KzBK‡RvUB †hb †m, bZzb cÖR‡š§i| ÔAvbœv Kv‡iwbbvÕi †jwfbI ZvB| Ôcybi“Ìv‡bÕi bvqK wcÖÝ †bLjy`‡qf †Zv †kÖwYB Z¨vM Kij wb‡Ri Aby‡kvPbvq I Møvwb‡Z| †`wL †h-†g‡q‡K ÔcwZZvÕ K‡i‡Q †m Zvi wcQy wcQyB Nyi‡Q, P‡j †M‡Q, my`i~ mvB‡ewiqv‡Z| GI bvq‡KiB †Nviv| Nyi‡Z nq, Pj‡Z nq, gy‡LvgywL n‡Z nq bZzb bZzb AwfÁZvi, Zv‡Z Zviv cwiewZ©Z nq, †hgb NUbv¸‡jvI bZzb Zvrch© †c‡q hvq Zv‡`i Rxe‡b N‡U wM‡q| GmeB m¤¢eZ nq Zviv bZzb ey‡R©vqv e¨e¯’vi gvbyl e‡j| †cQ‡b _v‡K Ri“wi cÖ‡qvRb, wgjevi, wgwjZ nIqvi Zvov| Dcb¨v‡m ey‡R©vqv mgv‡Ri mvwnwZ¨K gyLcÎ e‡U, mvgš—ev`x mgv‡Ri bq| mvwn‡Z¨i m„wó mnvbyfw‚ Z †_‡K, Jcb¨vwmK mnvbyfw‚ Zi †¶ÎwU eo, bvU‡Ki †¶ÎwUi Zzjbvq| Dcb¨vm n‡”Q AvaywbK hy‡Mi gnvKve¨| Zvi bvqK-bvwqKv ivRv-ev`kv bq, mvaviY gvbyl| Avi IB †h Zvi AvKv•¶v wgwjZ nIqvi †mLv‡b †m mgvRZvwš¿K|


11


Dcb¨vm : ciKxqv †ivgvÝ Avnmvbyj Kwei 12


ÔKvwj`vm †_‡K ivavK…‡òi †cÖg, kÖxK…òKxZ©b, we`¨vcwZ I PÛx`vm, jvqjv gRby, †ivwgI Rywj‡qU, KP †`ehvbx, †jwW Ae k¨vjU †_‡K Avevi ivgvqY, BwjqvW-IwWwm m‡dvwK¬m, BDwiwcw`m n‡q wd‡i G‡m‡Q ivavK…‡òi †cÖg Kvwnbx‡Z|Õ (kZe‡l©i †cÖgKvwnbx : D¾¡j Kzgvi gRyg`vi) Z‡e c`¨ ev c` hy‡Mi †h †cÖg Zv wQj ejcÖ‡qvM ev kvixwiK hv‡K GLb al©Y ejv nq| ÔZzwg gv_vi gyKUz fvO‡e bv, nvi wQuo‡e bv, I‡ô P¤^by wPý ivL‡e bv| bLvNvZ bv w`n †gvi c‡qvfv‡i|Õ (kÖxK…òKxZ©b : eo–PÛx `vm)| Ggb †cÖg Avi †cÖ‡gi fvlv M`¨ mvwn‡Z¨ jyß| M`¨ mvwn‡Z¨i †cÖgK_v ev †ivgvÝ ew¼gP›`ª †_‡KB cÖùwz UZ| Zuvi †mB wÎf~R-†cÖ‡gi †ivgvÝag©x Dcb¨v‡mi GKwU Ôwele„ÿÕ| bvqK b‡M‡›`ªi ¯¿x m~h©gLy x| GLv‡b Kz›`bw›`bx ciKxqv †cÖ‡gi wkKvi| GB †cÖg m¤ú~Y© iƒcR‡gv‡ni KvgRvZ| Z‡e Zv †cÖg`k©b ev †hŠb`k©‡bi mnRvZ e¨vcvi n‡jI iex›`ªbv_ Ges kirP‡›`ª G‡m Zv wd‡K n‡q‡Q| G‡ÿ‡Î iex›`ªh‡y M G‡m †cÖg g‡bi Ici, m¤ú‡K©i Ici Ges hyw³i Ici `uvwo‡q fv‡jvevmvq iƒc wb‡q‡Q| ïay iƒc, eqm, B‡”Q Avi †hŠbZvi †gv‡nB †cÖg bq| GLb Rxebhvc‡bi mv‡_ bvix cyiæ‡li HwZn¨, ag©, mgvR, wkÿv, †ckv, AwaKvi me wgjwgk n‡q Rxe‡bi PjgvbZv ˆZwi K‡i‡Q| GB PjgvbZv MÖvg-kn‡ii Ges MYgvÎv †hv‡Mi| ZvB iex›`ªbv‡_i wKsev kirP‡›`ªi bvqK-bvwqKviv †cÖ‡gi Dchy³Zv ˆZwi‡Z wek¦vm K‡ib, eo †cÖg Kv‡QB Uv‡b bv Zv `~‡iI Ô†VwjqvÕ †`q| Ggb †cÖgbxwZ Øviv PwiÎ hyMj‡K mshgxI K‡i‡Qb| iex›`ªbv‡_i Ô†Pv‡Li evwjÕ Dcb¨v‡mi `yB bvwqKv we‡bvw`bx AvkvjZv Ges bvqK g‡n›`ª| GLv‡b g‡n›`ª mvgšÍev`x mgv‡Ri Rwg`vi cyÎ| †m ¯¿x AvkvjZvi cÖwZ `vwqZ¡ cvjb Ki‡jI m`¨ weaev bvix we‡bvw`bxi cÖwZ Zvi ciKxqv †cÖg `v¤úZ¨ Rxe‡b Ø›Ø ˆZwi K‡i‡Q| iex›`ª-cieZ©x hy‡Mi mvwnZ¨ avivi e`j `yÕfv‡e Av‡m| GB e`j cÖ_gZ wek¦ivRbxwZ, mvaviY gvbyl I wbgœ‡ckvi gvby‡li euvPvi msMÖv‡gi

†fZi| GB avivi cÖavb †jLK ZvivksKi e‡›`¨vcva¨vq| Zuvi weL¨vZ b~Zb bv‡gi Dcb¨vm ÔKweÕ| GB Dcb¨v‡mi g‡a¨ †Wvg m¤úª`v‡qi K_v G‡m‡Q| †mB m¤úª`v‡qi hyeK wbZvB| †m eÜzi k¨vwjKv VvKziwSi cÖwZ `ye©j n‡q c‡o| VvKziwS weevwnZ ZviciI Kweqvj wbZvB‡qi KweZvi K_v‡Z †m me mgq cyjK Abyfe K‡i| VvKziwSI ¯^vgx †Q‡o wbZvB‡qi mv‡_ ciKxqv †cÖg Pvwj‡q‡Q| Avi wbZvB Avevi VvKziwS‡K †Q‡o Szgiy `‡ji emšÍ‡K we‡q K‡i‡Q| VvKziwS †cÖ‡g e¨_© n‡q g‡i‡Q Avi emšÍ gy‡L i³ D‡V g‡i‡Q| GB aviviB AviI GKRb gvK©mev`x AvaywbK K_vmvwnwZ¨K weL¨vZ gvwbK e‡›`¨vcva¨vq| Zuvi †dgvm Dcb¨vm ÔcÙvb`xi gvwSÕ LyeB myLcvV¨ Ges RbwcÖq| GB Dcb¨v‡m †R‡j m¤úª`v‡qi hvwcZ Rxe‡bi wPÎ AswKZ n‡q‡Q| Dcb¨v‡mi bvqK Kz‡ei gvwSi ¯¿x gvjv Ges ciKxqv bvwqKv Zvi k¨vwjKv Kwcjv| †QvU RxexKvi gvbyl ZviB gv‡S Ggb ˆRweK †cÖ‡gi Zvobv Zv‡K evievi Kwcjvi Kv‡Q wb‡q †M‡Q| GiB we¯Íi Kvwnbx wb‡q Dcb¨vmwU M‡o D‡V‡Q| iex›`ª-DËi wØZxq aviv †gvUvgywU ew¼wgq Ges ivexw›`ªK †ivgvw›UK ciKxqv †cÖg Kvwnbxi aviv| Z‡e GB ciKxqv †ek wiqvwjw÷K; hv bvMwiK Ges Rxebhš¿Yvwe× d«‡qwWq †m· AvµvšÍ| eyׇ`e emy, GB avivi mwZ¨Kvi AMÖR Jcb¨vwmK ÔivZ fÕ‡i e„wóÕ Dcb¨v‡m GB ai‡bi †cÖg weQvbv ch©šÍ Mwo‡q‡Q| Dcb¨v‡m RqšÍ Ges eÜzi ¯¿x gvjZx gy‡Lvcva¨vq‡K wb‡q Ggb NUbv| Zvi mv‡_B e„wó‡fRv iv‡Z ciKxqv †cÖg R‡g wLi n‡q D‡V| Ggb m¤ú‡K©i fv½v Movi KvwnbxB Dcb¨v‡mi g~j DcRxe¨| g‡b ivL‡Z n‡e GB avivi cÖvq †jLKB Kwe| cÖ_gZ : Kwe Ges wØZxqZ : Jcb¨vwmK, Kwe Rxebvb›` `vkI Ggb GKRb †jLK| Zuvi g„Z¨z i c‡iB me Dcb¨vm cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q| GLv‡b Av‡jvP¨ Dcb¨vmwU n‡”Q ÔAvgiv †ek AvwQÕ| m‡Z¨b bvqK †jLvcov †kl K‡i PvKwii R‡b¨ KjKvZv‡Z _v‡K, †m Gcvi evsjvi ewikv‡ji

†cÖg`k©b ev †hŠb`k©‡bi mnRvZ e¨vcvi n‡jI iex›`ªbv_ Ges kirP‡›`ª G‡m Zv wd‡K n‡q‡Q| G‡ÿ‡Î iex›`ªh‡y M G‡m †cÖg g‡bi Ici, m¤ú‡K©i Ici Ges hyw³i Ici `uvwo‡q fv‡jvevmvq iƒc wb‡q‡Q| ïay iƒc, eqm, B‡”Q Avi †hŠbZvi †gv‡nB †cÖg bq| GLb Rxeb-hvc‡bi mv‡_ bvix cyiæ‡li HwZn¨, ag©, mgvR, wkÿv, †ckv, AwaKvi me wgjwgk n‡q Rxe‡bi PjgvbZv ˆZwi K‡i‡Q

13


†Q‡j| ewikv‡j Zvi ¯¿x gvayix‡K †i‡L KjKvZvi †g‡mi Rxe‡b emevm| GB kn‡iB †m wUDkwb K‡i| QvÎx †kdvwji mv‡_B Zvi m¤úK©| GB m¤úK© ciKxqv; m¤ú‡K©i †fZiB c‡o| †kdvwjI Zv‡K cÖkªq †`q| GB wb‡qB Kvwnbxi MwZcÖKw… Z ˆZwi n‡q‡Q| Z‡e †kdvwji iƒc Ges ¸‡Yi †m eo m‡gvS`vi n‡q Zv‡K hZ`~i †bqv †hZ Zv nqwb| g‡bi †cÖg g‡bi †_‡K kix‡ii wkiv Dcwkiv‡Z bv‡gwb| Ô†h †g‡qwU Zv‡K †cÖg wkwL‡q‡Q-wkwL‡q‡Q †mŠ›`h© Kx wRwbmÕ| Zv‡K we`vq m¤¢e bq! †m GLb †Pv‡Li Mfx‡i, g‡bi Mfx‡i Ges Ny‡gi Mfx‡i wb‡q‡Q VuvB| Avevi nvZ evov‡jB bvB, GB n‡”Q A‰ea m¤ú‡K©i †Ljv, `„wói evB‡i hvi DrcvZ Ges †gjv| ev¯Íe gv‡b ˆea, ev¯Íe gv‡b ¯¿x, ev¯Íe gv‡b `v¤úZ¨| Ggb RxebB gvby‡li Kvg¨| bvix cyiæ‡li †cÖg, M‡o Zz‡j ZviB ZvRgnj| GB ZvRgnjB mZ¨ evwK me ciKxqv †ivgvÝ, cj‡K cqgvj, Rxeb †emvgvj| GgbB djvdj QqwU Dcb¨v‡m Kg‡ewk †`Lv‡bv n‡q‡Q| AMZ¨v N‡i †div `yÕ`Ð kvwšÍi bxo, GK `yÕqvwi Rxe‡b ¯¿x, †m-B Avcb|

GLb Rxeb-hvc‡bi mv‡_ bvix cyiæ‡li HwZn¨, ag©, mgvR, wkÿv, †ckv, AwaKvi me wgjwgk n‡q Rxe‡bi PjgvbZv ˆZwi K‡i‡Q| GB PjgvbZv MÖvg-kn‡ii Ges MYgvÎv †hv‡Mi| ZvB iex›`ªbv‡_i wKsev kirP‡›`ªi bvqK-bvwqKviv †cÖ‡gi Dchy³Zv ˆZwi‡Z wek¦vm K‡ib, eo †cÖg Kv‡QB Uv‡b bv Zv `~‡iI Ô†VwjqvÕ †`q 14

2. ew¼gP›`ª P‡Ævcva¨vq (1838-1894) Zuvi †jLv †ivgvÝag©x Dcb¨vm ÔwelK…ÿÕ (1873)| ÔAvgiv wele„ÿ mgvß Kwijvg| fimv Kwi Bnv‡Z M„‡n M„‡n Ag„Z dwj‡e|Õ (wele„ÿ)| weaev weev‡ni Kzdj‡KB ew¼gP›`ª Ôwele„ÿÕ e‡j‡Qb| bxwZi Øviv Dcb¨vm iwPZ n‡j Zv Zvi wkí¸Y‡K Amy›`i K‡i| ew¼‡gi Dcb¨v‡mi †`vl¸Y ej‡Z †mwUB| Z‡e Zuvi †ivgvÝag©x Dcb¨v‡mi Kvwnbx bq PwiÎB cÖavb| Pwi‡Îi Rxeb`k©b †hb wkíxi AuvP‡o dz‡U D‡V‡Q| GB Kvi‡Y m~h©gLy x, Kz›`bw›`bx, b‡M›`ª Giv GKB NUbvi evZvei‡Y _vK‡jI cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki ¯^fve PwiÎ Avjv`v| Zv‡`i cÖ‡Z¨‡KiB mxgv Ges mva¨ i‡q‡Q| †mB mxgvi g‡a¨ Pwiθwj‡K mwµq g‡b n‡q‡Q| b‡M›`ª Rwg`vi Zvi bvix wjáv cyiælZ‡š¿iB †hvM¨Zv| Avi Kz›` PwiÎB †Kej GLv‡b cvwcôv| ZvB Zvi kvw¯Í g„Zz¨B Awbevh© n‡q‡Q| mbvZbx ag©ixwZi cÖwZ ew¼g

†ewk AbyMZ wQ‡jb| we`¨vmvMi gnvk‡qi mgvR ms¯‹v‡ii e¨vcv‡i wZwb KLbI mngZ †`bwb| eis †mB ms¯‹v‡ii weiæ‡×B †_‡K‡Qb| ÔCk¦i we`¨vmvMi bv‡g KwjKvZvq †K bv wK eo cwÐZ Av‡Qb wZwb Avevi GKLvwb weaevweev‡ni ewn evwni Kwiqv‡Qb| †h weaevi weev‡ni e¨e¯’v †`q, †m hw` cwÐZ, Z‡e g~L© †K?Õ (wele„ÿ)| m~h©gLy x‡K w`‡q ew¼g Ggb K_v Dcb¨v‡m ewj‡q‡Qb| G Kvi‡YB ew¼‡gi Dcb¨vm mvwnZ¨ A‡bK‡ÿ‡Î D‡Ïk¨g~jK Ges bxwZÁvb hy³ e‡j g‡b nq| †MvcvjP›`ª ivq ew¼gP‡›`ªi K‡qKwU AcÖKvwkZ cÎ †Nu‡U Ôwele„ÿÕ Dcb¨vm m¤ú‡K© GKwU Z_¨ w`‡q e‡j‡Qb| ÔAvwgB Kz›`bw›`bx‡K wel LvB‡q †g‡iwQ| Avi Avgvi A`„‡óB Avgvi †g‡q wel †L‡q g‡i‡Q| ew¼gP›`ª hw`I Rvb‡Zb, Drcj Kzgvix †¯^”Qvq wel Lvqwb| Zv‡K bv Rvwb‡q wel LvIqv‡bv n‡qwQj|Õ (we¼gP›`ª I K‡qKwU AcÖKvwkZ cÎ- †`k, 28 gvN 1384 : †MvcvjP›`ª ivq)| †Mvwe›`cy‡ii Rwg`vi b‡M›`ª `Ë b`xc‡_ KjKvZv AvmwQj| GK mgq S‡o c‡o GKwU MÖv‡g AvkÖq †bq| †mLv‡bB Abv_v Kz›` bv‡gi †g‡qwU‡K †m KjKvZv †ev‡bi evwo wb‡q Av‡m| †evb KgjgwY kÖxkP›`ª wgÎ Zvi ¯^vgx| b‡M›`ª Kz›` bv‡gi GB †g‡qwUi K_v KjKvZvq G‡m cÎ gvidZ b‡M‡›`ªi ¯¿x m~h©gLy x‡K Rvbvq| m~h©gLy x Dˇi †j‡L, ÔA‡bK wRwb‡li KuvPviB Av`i| bvwi‡K‡ji WveB kxZj| G Aag ¯¿x RvwZI eywS †Kej KuvPv wg‡V? bwn‡j evwjKvwU cvBqv Avgvq fzwj‡e †Kb?Õ (wele„ÿ)| Gici wej¤^ bq †Zi eQi eq‡mi †g‡qwU‡K wb‡q b‡M›`ª M„‡n †cuŠ‡Q| evwjKvwU‡K †c‡q ¯¿x m~h©gLy x `vmxcyÎ ZvivPi‡Yi mv‡_ we‡q †`q| we‡qi wKQzw`‡bi g‡a¨B Kz›` weaev n‡q b‡M‡›`ªi evwo wd‡i Av‡m| evwo‡Z wdivi ci †_‡KB b‡M›`ª Kz‡›`i g‡a¨ †mB ciKxqv fve ˆZwi nq| Ôew¼g wele„‡ÿ ni‡`e †Nvlv‡ji gvid‡Z ewjqv‡Qb Ôiƒ‡cI cÖYq R‡b¥, ¸‡YI cÖYq R‡b¥| †Kbbv Df‡qi Øviv Avm½-wjáv R‡b¥|Õ (e½-mvwnZ¨- cwiPq : Kvwj`vm ivq) GB wjávi IciB Kz‡›`i mv‡_ Zvi fv‡jvevmv| mnvqK bvix Pwi‡Îi gva¨‡g


iv‡Z b‡M›`ª Kz‡›`i N‡i AwfmviI K‡i‡Q| d‡j Kz›`‡K we‡q bv K‡i Zvi Avi kvwšÍ †bB| Kz‡›`i mv‡_ b‡M‡›`ªi we‡q w`‡q Zvi ¯¿x m~h©gLy x M„nZ¨vM K‡i| we‡qi mgq Kz‡›`i eqm AviI Dchy³Zv cvq A_©vr m‡Zi eQi| m~h©gLy x P‡j hvIqvi ci b‡M›`ª Avevi m~h©gLy xi cÖwZ `ye©j nq| m~h©gLy x wd‡i Av‡m Kz›` welcv‡b AvZ¥nZ¨v K‡i| ¯^vgx ¯¿xi ¯^vfvweK Rxe‡bi g‡a¨ hvi AbycÖ‡ek †mB Ab¨Rb †m-B ciKxqvi ¯^Rb| Zvi Avi nqwb cÖ‡qvRb| 3. Ô†Pv‡Li evwjÕ iex›`ªbv‡_i 1903 mv‡ji iPbv| GB Dcb¨vmwU ew¼gP‡›`ªi Ôwele„ÿÕ Dcb¨v‡mi cÖfve wgwkÖZ e‡j †KD †KD gZvgZ w`‡q‡Q| Kvwnbx‡Z g‡n›`ª Rwg`vi cyÎ, Z‡e †m Wv³vwi c‡o| Avevi Kz‡›`i g‡Zv we‡bvw`bx weaev, iƒceZx Ges AvwkÖZv| g‡n‡›`ªi weevwnZ ¯¿xi bvg AvkvjZv| AvkvjZvi cÖwZ Zvi `vwqZ¡ ZZLbB wQj hZLb †m we‡bvw`bx‡K bv †`‡LwQj| we‡bvw`bx‡K †`Lvi ci g‡n‡›`ªi †fZi cyiælZ‡š¿i †jvf †R‡M I‡V| †m Zv‡K †c‡Z Pvq| G‡ÿ‡Î †m ew¼‡gi b‡M›`ª Ges kirP‡›`ªi my‡i‡ki g‡Zv mvnmx n‡q I‡V| Dcb¨vmwU‡Z Rwg`vi evwoi eskxq bvix cyiæl‡`i Rxeb hvc‡bi wewea KvjPv‡ii bgybv Zz‡j aiv n‡q‡Q| we‡klZ, Rwg`vi cyÎ g‡n‡›`ªi Lvg‡Lqvwjcbv Ges Zvi g‡bvwewKjb Dcb¨vmwU‡Z cÖkªq †c‡q‡Q| Mvn©¯’¨ Rxe‡bi we‡bvw`bxB M‡íi bvwqKv| g‡n›`ª M‡íi bvqK Zvi ¯¿x AvkvjZv| g‡n‡›`ªi †hŠ_ cwievi| g‡n‡›`ªi gv weaev ivRj²x bvg| Rwg`vi cwievi m¤ú‡`i Afve †bB| g‡n‡›`ªi GK eÜz„ wenvix G evwo‡ZB _v‡K| `yÕR‡b †gwW‡Kj K‡j‡Ri QvÎ| wenvix GB Kvwnbxi GKwU Av`k© ivR‰bwZK PwiÎ| AbœcY~ ©v weaev g‡n‡›`ªi KvKxgv| Zvi AvZ¥xq AvkvjZvi mv‡_ g‡n‡›`ªi we‡q nq| g‡n‡›`ªi GB we‡q‡Z gv ivRj²x Lywk bv nIqv‡Z gv I †Q‡ji g‡a¨ we‡iva ˆZwi nq| Ggb mgq evwo‡Z G‡jv m`¨ weaev GKwU †g‡q, GB †g‡qwUi bvgB we‡bvw`bx| we‡bvw`bx g‡n‡›`ªi gvÕi AvZ¥xqvi †g‡q|

†g‡qwU iƒ‡c ¸‡Y Abb¨v| Zvi ¸‡Y evwoi mevB gy»| we‡bvw`bx wkwÿZv e‡j †m mevB‡K Avcb K‡i †bq| we‡kl K‡i bvevwjKv ea~ AvkvjZv‡K †m wkwÿZ Ges iæwPkxj K‡i Zz‡j| AvkvjZv we‡bvw`bx‡K eÜz wnmv‡e †g‡b †bq| †m-B we‡bvw`bx‡K Ô†Pv‡Li evwjÕ e‡j gv‡S gv‡S m‡¤^vabv K‡i| GB bv‡gi g‡a¨B `yB bvixi cÖwZØ›Øx n‡q IVvi c~e©vfvm ˆZwi nq| Rwg`vi evwoi †Q‡j e‡j g‡n›`ª A‡bKLvwb mvnmx Ges j¾vnxb| ZvB Avov‡j AveWv‡j †m we‡bvw`bx‡K †`‡L| Ges µgvš^‡q Zvi cÖwZ AvK…ó nq| †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv †ÿ‡Î we‡bvw`bxI Zv‡K cÖkªq †`q| Gfv‡e e„nËi Kvwnbxi †fZi ciKxqv †cÖ‡gi myosM ˆZwi nq| ÔGZKvj evwo‡Z AvwQ, g‡n›`ª †h GKevi Avgv‡K †`wLevi †PóvI K‡i bv| - Avwg wK Roc`v_©| Avwg wK gvbyl bv| Avwg wK ¯¿x‡jvK bB|Õ (†Pv‡Li evwj)| we‡bvw`bxi g‡bi Ggb Ae¯’v‡KB cieZ©x‡Z g‡n›`ª Kv‡R jvwM‡q‡Q| GK mgq g‡n›`ª we‡bvw`bx‡K wb‡q cvwj‡q hvq| wKš‘ Kvwnbxi †fZi g‡n›`ª we‡bvw`bxi †ivgvÝ Lye GKUv eo cÖgvY †`Lv bv w`‡jI †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv ev‡K¨ Zv cÖKvk †c‡q‡Q| Z‡e we‡bvw`bx ey‡S‡Q cyiæl g‡n›`ª g‡bi `v‡g bq, Zv‡K †c‡Z Pvq kix‡ii `v‡g| Avi wenvix VvKzi‡cv Zv‡K †c‡Z Pvq g‡b Ges fv‡e| g‡n›`ª cvwj‡q G‡mI we‡bvw`bx‡K †mfv‡e MÖnY Ki‡Z cv‡iwb| g‡n‡›`ªi Dw³, ÔhZw`b Zzwg bv gwi‡e, ZZw`b Avgvi cÖZ¨vkvI gwi‡e bv- AvwgI wb®‹w… Z cvBe bv|Õ (†Pv‡Li evwj)| Ggb g‡bi Ae¯’vi †fZiB †mLv‡b wM‡q Dcw¯’Z nq wenvix| wenvix‡K we‡bvw`bx fv‡jvev‡m GB mZ¨wU cwi‡k‡l g‡n›`ª Dcjwä Ki‡Z cv‡i| Z‡e wenvix we‡bvw`bxi wgjb nqwb| cwi‡k‡l we‡bvw`bxi ¯’vb nq Kvkx‡Z| iex›`ªbv_ Zuvi Kv‡j weaev‡`i g~j¨vqb mgvavb Ges wm×v‡šÍ wØavwš^Z _vK‡jI ew¼g Zuvi Kv‡j †mB mgvavb wm×všÍ mvn‡mi mv‡_ w`‡q †M‡Qb| ZvB weaev weev‡ni e¨vcv‡i wm×všÍ w`‡Z cv‡ibwb e‡j Avgiv kirP‡›`ªi g‡Zv Zuv‡KI wcDwiUvwbK ev †Muvov ej‡Z cvwi| ÔkÖxKvšÍÕ Dcb¨v‡m kirP›`ª ivRj²x kªxKv‡šÍi we‡q †h Kvi‡Y w`‡Z cv‡ibwb

g‡bi †cÖg g‡bi †_‡K kix‡ii wkiv Dcwkiv‡Z bv‡gwb| Ô†h †g‡qwU Zv‡K †cÖg wkwL‡q‡QwkwL‡q‡Q †mŠ›`h© Kx wRwbmÕ| Zv‡K we`vq m¤¢e bq! †m GLb †Pv‡Li Mfx‡i, g‡bi Mfx‡i Ges Ny‡gi Mfx‡i wb‡q‡Q VuvB| Avevi nvZ evov‡jB bvB, GB n‡”Q A‰ea m¤ú‡K©i †Ljv, `„wói evB‡i hvi DrcvZ Ges †gjv

15


iex›`ªbv_I wVK GKB fv‡e we‡bvw`bx wenvixi we‡q m¤úbœ K‡ibwb| †ivgvÝag©x GB Dcb¨vmwUi Ô†gvivj Ae `¨v †÷vwiÕ B‡”Q-†cÖg-cÖxwZ, fv‡jvevmvi cwi‡ekMZ Avùvjb I Avcm| Ôhvnv PvB, Zvnv fzj K‡i PvB hvnv cvB Zvnv PvB bv|Õ (iex›`ªbv_)|

ew¼gP›`ª P‡Ævcva¨vq

iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi

we‡bvw`bx‡K †`Lvi ci g‡n‡›`ªi †fZi cyiælZ‡š¿i †jvf †R‡M I‡V| †m Zv‡K †c‡Z Pvq| G‡ÿ‡Î †m ew¼‡gi b‡M›`ª Ges kirP‡›`ªi my‡i‡ki g‡Zv mvnmx n‡q I‡V| Dcb¨vmwU‡Z Rwg`vi evwoi eskxq bvix cyiæl‡`i Rxeb hvc‡bi wewea KvjPv‡ii bgybv Zz‡j aiv n‡q‡Q 16

4. ZvivksKi e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi (18981971) mywjwLZ Kvwe¨K Dcb¨vm ÔKweÕ (1944)| Kwe nevi Rb¨ eskMZ e¨vcvi Av‡Q wK †bB Rvwb bv Z‡e ZvivksKi evey G Dcb¨v‡mi ïiæ‡Z WvKv‡Zi †Q‡j Kwe wKsev †Wv‡gi †Q‡j Kwe n‡q DV‡e †Kb? Ggb cÖ‡kœi mv‡_ mv‡_ Avevi †QvU eo, RvZ-ARv‡Zi welq fz‡j ivgvq‡Yi Kwe evj¥xwKi cÖm½ G‡b‡Qb| ZvivksKi GK mgq K‡jøvj †Mvôxfz³ wQ‡jb| Ges wZwb KweZv MvbI wj‡Lb| c‡i wek¦ gvbeZvi cÖwZ AvK…ó nb| GiB b~Zb cvV wn‡m‡e MYgvby‡li Rxeb Ges ms¯‹w… Zi cÖwZ Zvi AvKl©Y ˆZwi nq| wZwb Ae‡nwjZ me ÿz`ª Rb‡Mvôxi fvlv Ges Rxeb hvc‡bi †fZi †_‡K Kvwnbx Zz‡j Av‡bb| GgbB Rb‡Mvôxi Kvwnbx wb‡q ˆZwi Zuvi ÔKweÕ Dcb¨vm| Dcb¨v‡mi g~j PwiÎ wbZvB Zvi mv‡_ ivRb, VvKziwS Ges emšÍ D‡jøL‡hvM¨ PwiÎ| GKwU mgvRe¨e¯’vi g~j ms¯‹w… Zi Ici Kwe Dcb¨v‡mi Kvwnbx M‡o D‡V‡Q e‡j Gi †QvU eo PwiÎ msL¨vI †ewk| †Wvg es‡ki †Q‡j wbZvBPiY M‡íi bvqK| GB MÖv‡gi cÖvPxb bvg AÆnvm G‡`i †`exi bvg PvgyÛv| Zviv PvgyÛviB c~Rv K‡i| Avevi eskci¤úivq Giv Pzwi WvKvwZ K‡i Avm‡Q| GUvB Zv‡`i †ckv| evevi Abycw¯’wZ‡Z wbZvB Zvi gvgvi mv‡_B GKv‡R hy³ n‡e e‡j Zvi gv Zv‡K GB wkÿv †`q| wKš‘ wbZvB Zv gvb‡Z cv‡i bv| gvÕi GK_v †m Ab¨vq †f‡e evwo †_‡K P‡j Av‡m| †÷k‡bi Kv‡Q GKwU †g‡mi Rxeb Zvi| ¯^wkwÿZ GB ZiæY ivgvqY, gnvfviZmn wewfbœ †cŠivwYK MÖš’ cvV K‡i‡Q| Zvi we‡eK mr-†PZbv Øviv mg„×| †m Kvi‡Y mgv‡Ri GKRb bigcš’vi gvbyl n‡q I‡V †m| wewfbœ mg‡q †m Gevwo Ievwo KvRI K‡i| ÔMÖvg Luwy Rqv †mB w`bB †m Nbk¨vg

†MvmuvB‡qi evwo‡Z gvwn›`vix PvKwi‡Z envj nBj|Õ (Kwe)| Z‡e Zvi wP‡Ë PÂjZv wQj| Kweqvj‡`i mv‡_ †_‡K †m Kwe MvbI K‡i †eovq| Gfv‡e Zvi Rxeb P‡j| †÷k‡b †m `iKvi n‡j gy‡UwMwiI K‡i‡Q| †÷k‡b _vK‡Z _vK‡Z Zvi †÷k‡bi c‡q›Umg¨vb ivRv ev‡qb Zvi eÜz n‡q I‡V| wbZvB Zvi evwo‡Z Avmv-hvIqv K‡i| ivRvi ¯¿x ivYx, wbZvB ivRvi †Q‡ji bvg †hveivR †`q| ÔivRvi †eUv †hveivR †ZRvi †eUv gnv‡ZRvÕ Ggb Kve¨ K_vq ivRv Ges Zvi ¯¿x Lywk n‡q I‡V| GB w`‡bB wbZvB‡qi mv‡_ ivRvi k¨vwjKvi cwiPq nq, †m c‡bi †lvj eQ‡ii GKwU wK‡kvix| Ô†g‡qwUi is Kv‡jv wKš‘ `xNj †`nfw½‡Z fuBy Pvcvi meyR mij WuvUvi g‡Zv GKwU Aciƒc kÖx|Õ (Kwe)| `y‡ai fvÐ gv_vq K‡i `ya †eu‡P †eovq, †m cv‡ki MÖv‡gi ea~| GK wK‡kv‡ii mv‡_ m¤úªwZ we‡q n‡q‡Q| †g‡qwU el©vi b`xi g‡Zv KjKj LjLj †mªv‡Z Qz‡U †eovq| GB evwo‡Z wbZvB‡qi mv‡_ Zvi fve M‡o I‡V| wbZvB †mvnvM K‡i Zvi bvg VvKziwS w`‡q‡Q| B`vbxs av‡i Kv‡Q KweMv‡bi Avmi em‡j wbZvB‡qi Mvb †kvbvi Rb¨ VvKziwS Dcw¯’Z nq| Avevi wbZvB‡K †m GK †cvqv K‡i `yaI †`q| wbZvB‡qi N‡i wM‡q †m e‡m Ges wbZvB‡qi KvQ †_‡K Kve¨ ï‡b| wbZvB VvKziwSi Kv‡jv is‡qi cÖksmv K‡i Kve¨ ˆZwi K‡i| ÔKv‡jv hw` g›` Z‡e †Kk cvwK‡j Kuv` †K‡b?Õ (Kwe)| GB Kv‡e¨B VvKziwSi gb M‡j hvq| wbZvBI Ggb K‡i c`¨ iPbv K‡i wewfbœ `‡ji mv‡_ Mvb †M‡q †eovq| Zvi L¨vwZI Av‡¯Í Av‡¯Í †e‡o I‡V| `yt‡Li Rxeb HwZn¨nxb GKvKx †e‡o IVv myL ej‡Z GLb VvKziwSi †cÖg| Ô†m AvR ¯úó Abyfe Kwij-VvKziwS‡K †m fvjev‡m| VvKziwSI Zvnv‡K fvjev‡m|Õ ci gyn‡‚ Z© Zvi †fZi mvgvwRK gvby‡li Dcjwä KvR K‡i I‡V, we‡eK mvov †`q| ÔVvKziwS wfbœ RvwZ, Ab¨ GKR‡bi mwnZ Zvnvi weevn nBqv‡Q| G †h gnvcvc|Õ GK_v ïwbqv †cÖwgKv VvKziwS †h ciKxqv †cÖ‡g wbZvB‡K AvU‡K‡Q †m `ªæZ Awfgvb K‡i P‡j hvq| GB P‡j hvIqvi g‡a¨ cvc, N„Yv, wQj bv wQj


†cÖgwe× ü`‡qi Kó| GB K‡ó †cÖwgK ü`q †R‡M I‡V| ÔVvKziwS, Gm| †Zvgvi g‡bi K_v Avwg eywSqvwQ| Zzwg Gm| Avgvi cvc nq †nvK, bi‡K hvB‡Z nq nvwmgy‡LB hvBe, Zey †Zvgv‡K ewj‡Z cvwie bv- Zzwg Gmbv|Õ (Kwe)| Gch©šÍ †cÖ‡g Avkv †R‡MwQj| mvgvwRK fq wQj wKš‘ Ø›Ø wQj bv| wKš‘ †hw`b †_‡K GB MÖv‡g Szgiy `j Avmj| †mw`b †_‡K wbZvB PwiÎ Avevi ciKxqv †cÖ‡gi my‡hvM †c‡q hvq| GB `‡ji †cªŠ‡pi mv‡_ Zvi fve nq| `‡j i‡q‡Q wbg©jv, jwjZv, ˆ¯^wiYx Ges emšÍ| em‡šÍi mv‡_ byZb K‡i wbZvB‡qi m¤úK© M‡o I‡V| emšÍ AweevwnZ| ÔwbZvB wcQb wdwiqv †`wLj, wfRv Kvc‡o `uvovBqv m`¨¯œvZ emšÍ| †g‡qUv ¯œvb Kwiqv Pzj Mv †gv‡Q bvB, Pzj ch©šÍ Sv‡o bvB| wfRv Pzj nB‡Z ZLbI Rj MovBqv cwo‡Z‡Q| wbZvB AevK nBqv †Mj|Õ (Kwe)| Ggb AevK ü`q, iv‡Z cvjv †k‡l em‡šÍi N‡i Xz‡K hLb Zvi gv_v wU‡c w`w”Qj ZLb Rvbvjv w`‡q VvKziwS †mB `„k¨ †`‡L evwo hvq Ges Db¥v` nq| wbZvB GK_v †R‡b Zvi mv‡_ mvÿvr Ki‡Z fq cvq| Gi c‡ii w`bB Szgiy `j P‡j hvq| Szgiy `‡j †cªŠp wbZvB‡K `‡j †bevi K_v †`q| wbZvB VvKziwSi G Ae¯’v †R‡b †kl ch©šÍ MÖvg †Q‡o Szgyi `‡j †hvM †`q| emšÍ b„Z¨wkíx Mvb Mvq bvMi‡`i mv‡_ mgq KvUvq ZviciI †m wbZvB‡qi Rb¨ A‡cÿv K‡i| wbZvB Zv‡K fv‡jvev‡m| emšÍ e‡j Avgv‡K wb‡q wK Ki‡e? ÔAvwg Amy¯’ Avgvi dzmdzm bó gyL w`‡q i³ D‡V R¡i nq|Õ †ewk w`b euvP‡Z cvie bv g‡b Avgvi Lye Kó| Zzwg G‡j †Zvgv‡KB fv‡jvevwm| Gfv‡eB K_v¸wj †hb †m ej‡Z Pvq| wbZvB em‡šÍi Kcv‡j wmu`iy cwi‡q we‡q K‡i| †mvnvM ivZ nq| Iiv Lywk nq, dz‡ji g‡Zv dzU‡Z Pvq| A_P Rxeb Ggb nq bv| em‡šÍi g„Z¨z nq| wbZvB GKvB Zvi mrKvi K‡i, †cvovq| g„Z¨z i mgq †Kej wbZvB‡qi Kv‡Q emšÍ e‡jwQj ÔRxeb GZ †QvU †Kb?Õ wbZvB‡qi Kv‡Q Avi Szgyi `‡ji cÖ‡qvRb _vKj bv| †m wbR MÖv‡g †Mj †mLv‡b eÜz ivRb Lei w`j VvKziwS †bB †mI †Zvgvi †cÖ‡g AvNvZ Ô†c‡q Db¥v` n‡q g‡i‡Q|Õ

Gevi wbZvB `ytL fvivµvšÍ ü`‡q-gv‡K D‡Ïk K‡i e‡j‡Q Ôgv‡Mv-Rxeb GZ †QvU †K‡b?Õ (Kwe)| 5. gvwbK e‡›`¨vcva¨vq (1908-1956) ÔcÙvb`xi gvwSÕ Dcb¨vmwU †j‡Lb 1936 mv‡j| gvwbK Zuvi mg‡q ej‡Z †M‡j GK cÖ_vwe‡ivax †jLK| hvi `„wó‡Z wQj gvK©mxq Av`‡k©i ivRbxwZ| GB ivRbxwZ wfbœ †`‡ki †cÖwÿZ PwiÎ m„wó‡Z bq Zv evOvwji mgvR-Rxeb, ˆel‡g¨i ixwZ†iIqvR a‡iB| ag©xq ˆel‡g¨i †P‡q GLv‡b `vwi‡`ª¨i ˆelg¨B cÖej| `vwi`ª¨ G‡m‡Q `ye©j †ckvi Kvi‡Y| †ckvi †kvlY eo †kvlY| wb¤œ‡ckvi †fZ‡iI †kvlY i‡q‡Q| †ckvi dvivK a‡i mgvRI wef³ n‡q c‡o‡Q| GB wewea mgvR †R‡j‡`i mgvR, gqbv Øx‡ci mgvR, f`ªcjøxi mgvR, AvwfRv‡Z¨i mgvR, Mwie gvby‡li mgvR, †g‡q‡`i mgvR BZ¨vw`| G mKj mgv‡Ri mv‡_ Dcb¨v‡mi bvqK Pwi‡Î Kz‡ei gvwS Rwo‡q Av‡Q| gvV-NvU, b`x, Ni-evwo, cÖKw… Z mewKQz e„nËi Rxe‡bi cÖZxK| A_©vr e„nËi gvby‡li Rxeb c‡o _v‡K gvwUi Kv‡Q| GB gvwUi mgvR gvbyl‡K mgvbfv‡e `uvov‡Z †`qwb| gvwUi iƒ‡ci wfbœZv †hgb MÖx®§, el©v, kx‡Zi †Zgwb gvbylI †mB mgvR e¨e¯’vi †fZi wfbœ wfbœ Dc-mgv‡R cwievi MVb K‡i‡Q| GB cwievi Avi mgvR MV‡bi msMÖvgB n‡”Q cÖK…wZi mv‡_ MYgvby‡li wPišÍb msMÖvg| msMÖv‡gi c‡_B gvby‡li †eu‡P _vKv Ges Zuv‡`i †cÖg-cÖxwZ fv‡jvevmv| ci‡b Kvco †bB, †c‡U fvZ †bB, N‡ii Pv‡j Lo †bBÑ dz‡Uv Pvj w`‡q e„wói Rj Pz‡q c‡o wkïi gv_vq| ÔR‡b¥i Af¨_©bv GLv‡b M¤¢xi, wbiærme, welYœ| Rxe‡bi mva GLv‡b ïay ÿzav I wccvmvq Kvg I ggZvq, ¯^v_© I m¼xY©Zvq| Ck¦i _v‡Kb IB MÖv‡g f`ªcjøx‡Z|Õ (cÙvb`xi gvwS: gvwbK e‡›`¨vcva¨vq)| cÙvi Zxi msjMœ †KZzciy †R‡j cvov| G cvov‡ZB Kz‡ei gvwSi evm| DVv‡b N‡i Avmevec‡Î `vwi‡`ªi Qvc| evwo‡Z wcwm, ¯¿x gvjv, †g‡q †Mvcx, `yB †Q‡j Ges gv‡S gv‡S k¨vwjKv Kwcjv Av‡m G‡`i wb‡qB Zvi Afv‡ei msmvi| GB Ae¯’vi †fZi

kirP›`ª P‡Ævcva¨vq

ZvivksKi e‡›`¨vcva¨vq

Avevi eskci¤úivq Giv Pzwi WvKvwZ K‡i Avm‡Q| GUvB Zv‡`i †ckv| evevi Abycw¯’wZ‡Z wbZvB Zvi gvgvi mv‡_B GKv‡R hy³ n‡e e‡j Zvi gv Zv‡K GB wkÿv †`q| wKš‘ wbZvB Zv gvb‡Z cv‡i bv| gvÕi GK_v †m Ab¨vq †f‡e evwo †_‡K P‡j Av‡m| †÷k‡bi Kv‡Q GKwU †g‡mi Rxeb Zvi| ¯^wkwÿZ GB ZiæY ivgvqY, gnvfviZmn wewfbœ †cŠivwYK MÖš’ cvV K‡i‡Q 17


gvwbK e‡›`¨vcva¨vq

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iv‡Z cvjv †k‡l em‡šÍi N‡i Xz‡K hLb Zvi gv_v wU‡c w`w”Qj ZLb Rvbvjv w`‡q VvKziwS †mB `„k¨ †`‡L evwo hvq Ges Db¥v` nq| wbZvB GK_v †R‡b Zvi mv‡_ mvÿvr Ki‡Z fq cvq| Gi c‡ii w`bB Szgiy `j P‡j hvq

18

Avevi GB kÖveY gv‡m gvjvi cyÎ mšÍvb n‡q‡Q| Ggb Le‡i Kz‡ei gvwS Lywk nq bv KviY †m fv‡e AviI GKwU gyL ÔevwojÕ| Kz‡ei Kvwnbxi bvqK PwiÎ| Zvi Rxeb hvc‡bi †fZi †h ev¯ÍeZv Zv GKRb gvbyl‡K †Kewj Kg©x gvbylB evwb‡q‡Q| wKš‘ Kz‡ei gvwS wb¤œ‡ckvi gvbyl Mwie m¤úª`v‡qi gvbyl e‡j wK Zvi ˆRweK Rxeb †cÖwgK Rxeb _vK‡e bv? Dcb¨v‡m Lye ev¯ÍeZvi wbwi‡L Kz‡ei gvwSi Rxe‡bI ciKxqv †cÖg G‡m‡Q| GB †cÖg Zvi k¨vwjKv Kwcjvi mv‡_| Kwcjv weevwnZ| Zvi ¯^vgxi bvg k¨vgv`vm| Ôweev‡ni Aí mg‡qi g‡a¨B ¯^vgxi mv‡_ Kwcjvi we‡iva nq Ges ¯^vgx Avi GKwU we‡q K‡i| gvjv c½y Ges †g‡q †Mvcx `yN©Ubvq Amy¯’| cÖej S‡o cv †f‡O‡Q Kz‡e‡ii †g‡q| GB Le‡i Kwcjv Kz‡e‡ii evwo G‡m‡Q| †mLvb †_‡K †m †bŠKvq K‡i Avwgb evwo nvmcvZv‡j hvq| mv‡_ Kz‡ei gvwS †Mvcx Avi M‡Yk| GLv‡bi KvR †k‡l Kwcjv k¦ïi evwo P‡j hvq| Kz‡ei bvbv Qu‡y Zv a‡i †m Kwcjvi mv‡_ Avevi †`Lv Ki‡Z hvq| ÔWz‡i kvwo cwiqv‡Q Kwcjv Pz‡ji †Z‡j Kcvj Zvnvi wfwRqv wMqv‡Q| †`n †hb D_wjqv DwVqv‡Q Kwcjvi el©vi cÙvi gZ|Õ (cÙvb`xi gvwS)| Kg©x gvbyl †bŠKvi kÖwgK GKUz Aem‡i Nywg‡q c‡o| Ny‡gi g‡a¨ †m Kwcjv‡K †`‡L Ges Kwcjvi †hŠeb Zuv‡K AvK…ó K‡i| ÔKwcjv‡K cvB‡j mcwiev‡i †m gqbvØx‡c wMqv evm Kwi‡e M‡Yk‡KI ewjqv †m ivwR Kwi‡e hvB‡Z|Õ (cÙvb`xi gvwS)| Mwie gvby‡li mgv‡R †cÖ‡gi Awfbq P‡j bv, †mLv‡b g‡bi †P‡q kix‡ii Uvb †ewk| Kwcjv‡K hLb R‡ji †fZ‡i Kz‡ei Avwj½bve× Ki‡jv ZLb †jLK Zvi †Kv‡bv my‡hvMB †bb bv| ÔfxZ †Pv‡L Pvwiw`‡K Pvwnqv Kjwmi gZB Avj‡Mv‡Q Kwcjv fvwmqv _v‡K, †Zgwb Îv‡mi fw½‡Z ¯Íb `ywU fv‡m Avi †Wv‡e|Õ (cÙvb`xi wØZxq gvwS:Avey †nbv †gv¯Ídv Kvgvj)| GgbB †fvMev`x †cÖwgK Kwcjvi R‡b¨ g‡b g‡b duv` cv‡Z| RxweKvi Zvobvq gË gvbyl¸wji gv‡S †nv‡mb wgqv bvgK GKRb gnvRb Kvievwi dw›`evR gvbyl| Zuvi †bŠKv‡ZB Kz‡ei gvwS GLb m`©vi| †m Avi gv‡Qi †bŠKv evB‡e bv| kxZj eveyi g‡Zv †jv‡Kiv Zv‡K Avi

VKv‡Z cvi‡e bv| †nv‡mb wgqvi Awfhvb gqbv Øxc `L‡ji| †mLv‡b bvbv iKg gvbyl cvPvi Kivi KvR Zvi| †mB mv‡_ wbwl× `ª‡e¨i e¨emv| G Kv‡R GLb mr Kz‡ei gvwSI Rwo‡q †M‡Q| ZvB evwo‡Z cywjk Av‡m| Kz‡ei evwo bvB| Kwcjv `yciy iv‡Z Nv‡U gvwSi R‡b¨ `uvwo‡q _v‡K| cywjk G‡m‡Q e‡j †nv‡mb Kz‡ei‡K eyw× †`q| ¯¿x cy‡Îi R‡b¨ fvebv Kiev bv Avwg _vKjvg e‡j †nv‡mb Kz‡ei‡K Avk¦¯Í K‡i| ÔKz‡ei bxi‡e †bŠKvq DwVqv †Mj| m‡½ †Mj Kwcjv| Kz‡ei‡K WvwKqv ewjj, ÔAvgv‡i wbev gvwS j‡MÕ? n, Kwcjv PjyK m‡½| GKv AZ `~‡i Kz‡ei cvwo w`‡Z cvwi‡e bv|Õ (cÙvb`xi gvwS)| 6. eyׇ`e emy (1904-1974)| mvwn‡Z¨ AvaywbK I d«‡qwWq avivi cÖavb me¨mvPx †jLK eyׇ`e emy| †ivgvw›UK fvebv weRwoZ †fvMev`x †PZbvi Awbevh© djB n‡”Q d«‡qwWq `k©‡bi g~j| Gi m~Î ms‡hvM kixi, †hŠeb cÖKw… Z Ges Zvi cÖv‡qvwMK welqwU Awbqwš¿Z Kvh©Kvi‡Y Muv_v| GKwU Dcb¨v‡mi `xN© Kvwnbxi DÌvb-cZ‡bi mie‡i cvVK wKš‘ eowk †d‡j A‡cÿv K‡i KLb KjwU Wze‡e| ÔivZ fÕ‡i e„wóÕ Dcb¨v‡m eyׇ`e emy NUbv m„wói gvicu¨v‡P KjwU Wzev‡Z mÿg nb| Avi G Kvi‡YB ZLb Dcb¨vmwU wb‡q bvbv iKg AkøxjZvi Awf‡hvMI D‡VwQj| Rxe‡bi meUzKz hLb Dc¯’vcb‡hvM¨ n‡q D‡V ZLb Zvi Needs Gi e¨vcviwUi ¸iæZ¡ a‡iB †jLK Avovj †f‡O †`b| Ôn‡q †M‡Q-IUv n‡q †M‡Q-GLb Avi wKQz ejvi †bB| Avwg gvjZx gy‡Lvcva¨vq GKR‡bi ¯¿x Avi GKR‡bi gv, Avwg IUv K‡iwQ| K‡iwQ RqšÍi m‡½, RqšÍ Avgv‡K †P‡q‡Q AvwgI Zv‡K|Õ (ivZ fÕ‡i e„wó)| bvwqKvi Ggb fqsKi/Amf¨ ¯^xKv‡ivw³i gva¨‡gB Dcb¨vmwUi ïiæ n‡q‡Q| gvjZx Kvwnbxi bvwqKv| bvqK bqbvsmy gvjZxi ¯^vgx Avi RqšÍ n‡”Q ¯^vgxi eÜz| ¯^vgxi GB eÜzB bvwqKvi ciKxqv †cÖwgK| bqbvsmy Kwe ¯^fv‡ei wkÿKZv K‡i, cov‡kvbv Kiv GKUz mvaviY gv‡ci gvbyl| hyeK eqm †_‡KB †m kixi g‡bi welqwU ey‡S DV‡Z cv‡iwb| ZvB bvbv AÁZvi †fZi †_‡KB Zvi kix‡i †hŠeb †m


Abyfe K‡i, Z‡e g‡b †hŠeb Avm‡Z mgq wb‡qwQj| G eq‡mB GKw`b †m wcwmi evwo‡Z †eov‡Z wM‡q wZbwU †g‡qi m‡½ †Lj‡Z †Lj‡Z Zv‡`i †mwg‡Ri g‡a¨ nvZ †muwa‡q bvixi kix‡ii ¯úk© Abyfe K‡i| GLvb †_‡KB †m bvixi cÖwZ fv‡jvevmv Ges fv‡jvevmvi Abyfw‚ Z AR©b K‡i| QvÎ Rxe‡b Kzmgy bv‡gi †g‡q Zvi g‡b G‡mwQj| †g‡qwUI mvov w`‡q †cÖ‡gi m¤úK© M‡owQj| wKš‘ †kl ch©šÍ G m¤úK© †ewk `~i AMÖmi nqwb| Ôgayi my›`i cweÎ G †cÖg Avgiv wK cvwi kixi w`‡q Zv‡K KjswKZ Ki‡Z? Ggb cweÎ aviYv a‡iB bqbvsmy eo n‡q‡Q| G aviYvi m‡½ †cø‡UvwbK †cÖ‡gi cÖfve _vK‡jI ev¯Í‡ei m‡½ Gi Awgj †`‡L Zvi Kó n‡q‡Q| GB GKUv e¨vcvi G‡Kev‡i †g‡i †i‡L‡Q Avgv‡`i †Kgb K‡i Avgv‡`i †cÖg n‡e my›`i Avi cweÎ Avi gayi hLb Zvi Zjvq GB cuvK †bvsiv, GB †Nbœv|Õ (ivZ fÕ‡i e„wó)| bqbvsmyi GB gvbwmKZv ciKxqv †cÖ‡gi bq| bqbvsmyi Ggb f`ª aviYvi mv‡_ ¯¿x gvjZxi aviYvi wgj †bB| †cÖg bvix cyiæ‡li gb Ges kix‡ii m¤úK© ˆZwi K‡i| g‡bi ¸‡Y kixi †U‡b Avbv| ZvB cÖ_g `k©‡b g‡bi `ye©jZv a‡i †cÖg nq Avi c‡i `v¤ú‡Z¨ G‡m Zv kix‡ii Dchy³Zvq wU‡K _v‡K| gvjZx‡K bqbvsmy Gfv‡e kix‡ii Pvwn`v a‡i e¨envi Ki‡Z Pvqwb cv‡iwb e‡j kixi wejvmx gvjZxi gb Rq‡šÍi mv‡_ ciKxqvq †g‡Z I‡V| ewÎk eQ‡ii gvjZx muvBwÎk eQ‡ii bqbvsmy Avi AvU eQ‡ii GKgvÎ Kb¨v eywbœ| Ôwe‡qi mgq †f‡ewQjyg Lye wR‡ZwQ wKš‘ Zvici `k eQi, ev‡iv eQi KvUj, †hŠe‡bi cÖ_g SvcUv †K‡U hvevi c‡iB I †hb evj‡Ki g‡Zv n‡q †h‡Z jvMj w`‡b w`‡bÕ| (ivZ fÕ‡i e„wó)| bvwqKvi Ggb fvebvi †fZ‡i Aek¨ `v¤úZ¨ Rxe‡bi K¬vwšÍ KvR K‡i‡Q| cyiæl †nvK ev bvix †nvK †KDB KviI AÿgZv enb Ki‡Z Pvq bv| Kvwnbx‡Z `v¤úZ¨ Rxe‡bi cÖ_g As‡k mdjZvi cÖgvY Kb¨v eywbœ n‡jI Zv Z…Zxq kw³ wn‡m‡e `v¤úZ¨‡K a‡i ivL‡Z cv‡iwb| Z‡e mgm¨v we‡køl‡Y bqbvsmy gvjZxi we‡iva evB‡ii bq Zv GKvšÍ ˆRweK kixiMZ| Ôkixi kixi †Zvgvi wK gb bvB Kzmgy !Õ (cyZj z bv‡Pi BwZK_v)|

gvwbK e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi bvwqKv kixix wQj AwkwÿZ e‡j Zvi Dcb¨v‡m bvq‡Ki AZ…wß bvwqKvi g‡bi mÜv‡b| Avi ÔivZ fÕ‡i e„wóÕ Dcb¨v‡m bvwqKv wkwÿZ/AvaywbK e‡jB †ewk †fvMx ZvB Zvi †PZbvq gb bq kixiB cÖavb| gvjZx GLb Active ZvB †m nq‡Zv ej‡Z †P‡q‡Q ïayB gb Ges Ag‡bv‡hvM, kixi †bB †Zvgvi bqbvsmy| Kvgbvq Zß Ggb ¯¿x‡K Af¨v‡m ek: Ki‡Z bv cvivi wQ`ªc‡_ RqšÍ AweKj Xz‡K †M‡Q gvjZxi bb‡fR †iwmwc‡Z| GB mvnmx wf‡jb bqbvsmyi eÜz †m cwÎKv cÖKvk K‡i Ges cÖ‡qvR‡b bqbvsmyi mvnvh¨I wb‡q _v‡K| Gme Kvi‡Y bqbvsmyi evwo‡Z Avmv hvIqv Zvi| RqšÍ PwiÎwUI weevwnZ| Zuvi ¯¿x mšÍvb wb‡q msmvi Av‡Q| ZviciI cyiæ‡li gb ˆRweK Zvobvq wfbœZv LyuR‡Z wM‡qB gvjZxi m‡½ m¤ú‡K© †lvjKjvq c~Y©Zv| eZ©gv‡b G m¤úK©‡K ejv n‡”Q ciKxqv †cÖg| Avi G ciKxqv †cÖ‡gi mdj PwiÎ `ywU gvjZx + RqšÍ| Z‡e kirP›`ª M„n`v‡n hv cv‡ibwb Zv eyׇ`e emy Zuvi Dcb¨v‡m †c‡i‡Qb| gwng, eÜz my‡i‡ki ¯¿x wb‡q cjvZK n‡q hv cv‡iwb ÔivZ fÕ‡i e„wóÕ Dcb¨v‡m RqšÍ eÜzi evwo‡ZB †m KvRwU K‡i‡Q| d«‡qwWq †hŠbev` Øviv ZvwoZ eyׇ`e evey bvwqKv‡K Ggb K‡iB DZvj nIqvq fvwm‡q Zvi cvIbvi ¸iæZ¡ eywS‡q w`‡q‡Qb| fvj g›` ev iæwP AiæwPi wbw³‡Z bq G‡Kev‡i BD‡ivcxq auv‡P (Biological love) kixi hvi Avivg Zvi G concept a‡i| ZviciI †kl K_v G‡`k iÿYkxjZvi †`k, bxwZK_vi †`k, ZvB cwievi mgvR Avi †g‡qwUi K_v †f‡e ˆZwi nq Bmy¨wenxb mg‡SvZv| ÔKx G‡m hvq ej, fv‡jvevmv Riæwi bq, ¯^vgx ¯¿x Riæwi †eu‡P _vKvUv Riæwi|Õ (ivZ fÕi e„wó)| 7. Rxebvb›` `vk (1899-1954) Zvi †jLv Dcb¨vm ÔAvgiv †ek AvwQÕ| Rxebvb›` `v‡ki me Dcb¨vmB Zuvi g„Z¨z i c‡i cÖKvwkZ| Ôc„w_ex‡Z gvbyl‡K †h euvP‡Z nq, euvP‡Z n‡j fv‡Zi †h cÖ‡qvRb, †m wb‡R †h gvbyl G-me Z_¨B fz‡j wM‡qwQ‡jb m‡Z¨b|Õ (Avgiv †ek AvwQ)|

Rxebvb›` `vk

wKš‘ Kz‡ei gvwS wb¤œ‡ckvi gvbyl Mwie m¤úª`v‡qi gvbyl e‡j wK Zvi ˆRweK Rxeb †cÖwgK Rxeb _vK‡e bv? Dcb¨v‡m Lye ev¯ÍeZvi wbwi‡L Kz‡ei gvwSi Rxe‡bI ciKxqv †cÖg G‡m‡Q| GB †cÖg Zvi k¨vwjKv Kwcjvi mv‡_| Kwcjv weevwnZ

19


†cÖg bvix cyiæ‡li gb Ges kix‡ii m¤úK© ˆZwi K‡i| g‡bi ¸‡Y kixi †U‡b Avbv| ZvB cÖ_g `k©‡b g‡bi `ye©jZv a‡i †cÖg nq Avi c‡i `v¤ú‡Z¨ G‡m Zv kix‡ii Dchy³Zvq wU‡K _v‡K

20

m‡Z¨b GB Dcb¨v‡mi bvqK PwiÎ| Rxebvb›` `v‡ki Avi me Dcb¨v‡mi bvqK Pwi‡Îi gZB m‡Z¨b †eKvi| MÖvgxY mgvR †_‡K ˆkke ˆK‡kvi KvwU‡q KjKvZvi Rxe‡b G‡m †m †jLvcov K‡i Gg.G cvk K‡i‡Q| GLb KjKvZvi Rxe‡bB Ae¯’vb D‡Ïk¨ PvKzwi jvf| wkÿKZvi PvKzwi †c‡q †m GKevi PvKzwi †Q‡o‡QI| bvqK m‡Z¨b †hb Zvi †eKvi Rxe‡bi †PvL w`‡q KjKvZvi mgvR Rxe‡bi A‡bK wKQzi mvÿx n‡q NUbvi eY©bv w`‡q hvq| evB‡ii †Pv‡L Zvi A‡bK wKQz aiv co‡jI †m wb‡RI †fZ‡i †fZ‡i †kdvwj bv‡gi †g‡qwUi cÖwZ `ye©j n‡q c‡o‡Q| †kdvwji evev `vwR©wjs-G _v‡K KjKvZvq gvwmgvi evmvq †_‡K †m †jLvcov K‡i| †kdvwj KLbI evmvq KLbI Avevi †nv‡÷‡j _v‡K| m‡Z¨b †g‡qwU‡K cÖ_g †_‡KB cwo‡q Avm‡Q| ZvB m‡Z¨‡bi mv‡_ †kdvwji m¤úK© ZLb QvÎx †_‡K †cÖwgKv‡Z Mwo‡q †M‡Q| m‡Z¨‡bi eqm ewÎk eQi| †m weevwnZ| ewikv‡ji MÖv‡gi evwo‡Z Zuvi ¯¿x _v‡K| myZivs GB Kvwnbx‡ZI wÎf‚R †cÖ‡gi AvenvIqv ˆZwi n‡q‡Q| m‡Z¨‡bi ¯¿xi bvg gvayix Avi †cÖwgKv †kdvwj| GB `yÕB Pwi‡Îi gvSLv‡b †_‡K m‡Z¨b Lye GKUv Zvj mvgjv‡Z cv‡ibv| Gi KviY Zvi A_©bxwZ `ye©j| evwo †_‡K gvayixi wPwV Av‡m Lye wek¦v‡m fiv †m wPwVi fvlv| eZ©gv‡b gvayix †cvqvZx| ZvB †kdvwji wPšÍvi †P‡q GLb gvayixi wPšÍv Zv‡K fvev‡Z _v‡K| Z‡e nVvr K‡i †kdvwji GKUv wPwV m‡Z¨b‡K bZzb K‡i Zvi cÖwZ AvK…ó K‡i| ÔAvwg Kvj gvwmgvi evmvq G‡mwQ| Zzwg GB wPwV †c‡q m‡Ü-mwÜ Avgvi m‡½ †`Lv Ki‡Z G‡mv wKš‘|Õ (Avgiv †ek AvwQ)| GB wPwV †c‡q m‡Z¨b GKUz Awfgvbx n‡q D‡V| Ôïay †kdvwjB bq my›`ix bvixiB †`n, hv Ggb Mfxi mv‡ai ¯^‡cœi wRwbm wQj m‡Z¨‡bi Kv‡Q GK mgq AvR †m m‡ei †_‡K Avmw³ Zvi Kx Mfxi cwigv‡bB bv K‡g wM‡q‡Q|Õ (Avgiv †ek AvwQ)| †kdvwj Amy¯’ †m UvBd‡qW †_‡K D‡V Avevi i³k~Y¨ZvB fzM‡Q| †mevi nvZ wb‡q m‡Z¨b †kdvwji Kv‡Q †cuŠ‡Q| †kdvwj †ek wKQzw`b ci m‡Z¨b‡K †c‡q meyR m‡ZR n‡q D‡V|

Ô†kdvwji Kcv‡j †Pv‡L †Vuv‡U wPey‡K GKevi nvZ eywj‡q w`j-†kdvwj †Kvb evav w`j bv; nq‡Zv Zuvi fv‡jvB jvMwQj; wKš‘ †Kvb iKgfv‡e D‡ËwRZ n‡Z †`Lv †Mj bv †kdvwj‡K, m‡Z¨b †kdvwji gy‡Li †_‡K nvZ Zz‡j wb‡q iægjUv euvaj|Õ (Avgiv †ek AvwQ)| kxZ iv‡Z KvZi n‡q hvw”Qj †kdvwj Zvici ivZ evo‡j m‡Z¨b‡K †m Zvi cv‡k _vK‡Z e‡j wKš‘ m‡Z¨b †m my‡hvM bv wb‡q †g‡m wd‡i Av‡m| Ô†g‡qwU my›`i-†g‡qwU ¸Yxm‡Z¨‡bi Rxe‡bi eiewY©bx GB †kdvwjB ïay †kdvwj‡K †`Levi ci †_‡K GB c„w_exi Avi †KvbI bvix‡ZB eivbbv †cÖgv¯ú`v e‡j †m‡Zv Avi wPb‡Z cvijbv ZvKv‡Z cvij bv Avi Kv‡iv w`‡K mg¯Í my›`ixi cv‡qi b‡Li w`‡K ZvwK‡qB Rxeb KvUj Zvi gy‡Li iƒ‡c GK R‡bi †m MÖnY K‡i‡Q Ab¨ GKRb cyiæl G‡m G‡K GKw`b wb‡q hv‡e| GK_v fve‡Z †M‡j m‡Z¨‡bi gb GKw`b Cl©vq AÜKv‡i g„Z¨z ‡Z f‡i DVZ| wKš‘ ZeyI AvR iv‡Z m‡Z¨b GB Pvw”Qj GKRb †cÖwgK Zv‡K G‡m wb‡q hvK Gi Rxeb mv_©K KiæK|Õ (Avgiv †ek AvwQ)| †cÖwgK ü`q †Kej †fv‡M bq Z¨v‡MI Z…ß nq| †eKvi Rxe‡bi GB bvqK Gfv‡eB Zvi †cÖwgKv‡K DrmM© K‡i‡Q g½j Avi Kj¨v‡Yi nv‡Z| †kdvwj P‡j hvq Zvi evevi Kv‡Q| G ch©šÍB †cÖg Kvwnbxi mgvwß| bvqK wd‡i‡Q ¯¿xi Kv‡Q Mvn©¯’¨ Rxe‡b| Ôm‡Z¨b ej‡j hviv evievi c„w_exUvi wfZi Av‡Q, Zviv Pvq AviI myweav| evev Avwg A‡bK Ny‡i Ny‡i †`Ljvg †h Zviv hZB gvby‡li g½j PvK bv †Kb, c„w_exi Kj¨vY PvK bv †Kb, hZB cÖv_©bv KiæK bv †Kb, hZB e³…Zv w`K, hZB wjLyK-co–K ¸Yx-Ávbx e‡ov †nvK-bv †Kb µgvMZ AviI myweav Pvq Zviv-|Õ (Avgiv †ek AvwQ)| †g‡mi Rxe‡b KjKvZv‡Z Awebvk †kŠwiY bv‡gi eÜz‡`i mv‡_ Ny‡i Gme AwfÁZv GLb Zvi| bvqK Rxebvb›`xq MÖvg cÖxwZi euva‡b euvav c‡o MÖvg‡KB fv‡jv‡e‡m‡Q| ZviciI m‡Z¨b MÖvg †Q‡o KjKvZv‡ZB †M‡Q| 1929 mv‡j iex›`ªbv‡_i †jLv Dcb¨vm Ô†k‡li KweZvÕ- AwgZ jve‡Y¨i †cÖg evOvwj mgvR cwiev‡ii evB‡i wQj| ZviciI Dcb¨vmwU AMÖmigvb mg‡qi


mvÿx n‡q i‡q‡Q| GiB wZb eQi ci 1932 mv‡ji cvÐzwjwc ÔAvgiv †ek AvwQÕ hw`I bvgwU Rxebvb›` `v‡ki bq| GB Dcb¨v‡mi bvqK m‡Z¨b Ges bvwqKv †kdvwji †cÖg KvwnbxI †ek mgvRwm×| evOvwj Rxe‡b Ggb NUbv ¯^vfvweKB e‡U| e¨w³Rxe‡bi A‡bK bv cvIqvi welqwU‡K Awfgvb K‡i †jLK eûeP‡b Avgiv (AmsL¨) †ek AvwQ e‡j GKwU †kÖwYwef³ mgv‡Ri ˆelg¨‡K Zz”Qv‡_© Zz‡j a‡i‡Qb| ZviciI Dcb¨vmwUi gyj welq †cÖg, †m †cÖ‡gi †ivgvÝ m„wó‡Z bvwqKvi †Luvcv evavi `„k¨ †_‡KB †hgb Kvwnbxi m~ÎcvZ †Zgwb Avevi †k‡l A‡bK wKQzi ciI bvqK m‡Z¨b ¯^‡cœi †fZi †kdvwji †Luvcv wb‡q †Lj‡Q| †h †Ljv ev¯Í‡e n‡jv bv Zv hw` ¯^‡cœ nq Zv n‡j †Zv Zv cvIqv n‡jv bv| GB cvIqvi AvKv•ÿv Avi bv cvIqvi †e`bv wb‡qB †cÖg Kvwnbxi Ø›Ø Ges mvdvwis i‡qB †M‡Q| 8. BwZnvm K_v Kq| Dcb¨vm Zvi mvÿx| gvby‡li mgvR eo msNe×| Z‡e Zv cyiælZvwš¿K| Ôbvix wPiKvjB b‡ii Aaxb n‡q‡Q| bvix G‡m‡Q cyiæ‡li N‡i, cyiæl bvixi N‡i hvqwb| GB AaxbZvi g‡a¨ mvg¨ KLbI wQj bv, Ges GZKvj c‡i AwaKvsk †ÿ‡Î GLbI †bB| bvix Ges cyiæ‡li `„wófw½ KLbI me©wel‡q GK n‡Z cv‡i bv|Õ (`¤úwZ- AvR Kvj ciï: wngvbxk †Mv¯^vgx)| †Kej ey‡S †g‡b †bIqv A_©vr mg‡SvZv| GB mg‡SvZvq †ek Kg gv‡bB `v¤ú‡Z¨ dvUj| Ggb dvUj wb‡qB `v¤ú‡Z¨i myiÿv P‡j| ew¼g iex›`ªbv‡_i Kv‡j `v¤úZ¨ msK‡Ui f~wgKvq wØZxq bvix, weaev Ges iƒcmx (Kz›`bw›`bx, we‡bvw`bx)| ZvivksKi Ges gvwb‡Ki Kv‡j bi-bvixi ciKxqvq f~wgKv †i‡L‡Q wbgœ‡ckvi cyiæl Ges wbgœRv‡Zi wØZxq bvix PwiÎ (VvKziwS, Kwcjv)| Avi eyׇ`e emy Ges Rxebvb›` `v‡ki Kv‡j wkwÿZ bvix-cyiæ‡li †fvMev` `v¤ú‡Z¨ msKU G‡b‡Q| (gvjZx, †kdvwj)| Ôgvby‡l gvby‡l hZiKg m¤úK© Av‡Q Zvi g‡a¨ me‡P‡q RwUj, ¯úk©KvZi we‡ùviK, m‡›`nRbK, AwbwðZ Ges

Øvw›ØK m¤úK© n‡jv ¯^vgx-¯¿xi|Õ (m¤úv`Kxq, †`k 29 RyjvB 1989)| mgv‡R ¯^vgx ¯¿xi m¤úK© ˆea| weevn e܇bi Øviv GB m¤úK©| ZvB GB m¤úK© ag©xq-¸iæ‡Z¡ Rb¥-Rb¥všÍ‡ii `wjj| myZivs GB RxebB n‡”Q gvby‡li wbivc`, mšÍvb Drcv`b Ges jvjb-cvj‡bi ˆea ¯’vb| Z‡e we`¨v-eyw×, m¤ú`e„w×i mv‡_ mv‡_ †QvU n‡q hvIqv we‡k¦ gvby‡li Pwi‡Î Avm‡Q Bjvw÷¨wmwU, wb‡Ri Uv‡b ev bvixi Uv‡b evo‡Q †ek, evovevwo| hvi cÖfve ev¯Íe †_‡K co‡Q mvwn‡Z¨| †mB mvwn‡Z¨i g~jvsk Dcb¨vm A_©vr K_vmvwnZ¨| Ôwele„‡ÿÕ Kz›`bw›`bxi w`‡K †e‡o‡Q b‡M›`ª, Ô†Pv‡Li evwjÕ‡Z g‡n›`ª †e‡o‡Q we‡bv‡`i w`‡K| ÔKweÕ‡Z wbZvBPiY †e‡o‡Q VvKziwSi w`‡K| cÙvb`xi gvwS‡Z Kz‡ei gvwS †e‡o‡Q k¨vwjKv Kwcjvi w`‡K| ivZ fÕ‡i e„wó‡Z Avevi gvjZx †e‡o‡Q RqšÍi w`‡K| Avi ÔAvgiv †ek AvwQÕ Dcb¨v‡m m‡Z¨b †e‡o‡Q †kdvwji w`‡K| GB †hm¤ú‡K©i evovevwo Zv wKš‘ †cÖg ev fv‡jvevmvi weï×Zvq ¯‹xK…Z bq| G‡K GLb MYgva¨‡gi fvlvq ejv nq ciKxqv m¤úK© ev †ivgvÝ| GB m¤úK© AvBbvbyM bq e‡j A‰ea| Avi A‰ea m¤ú‡K©i †ivgvÝ cwRwUf ev †b‡MwUf hv †nvK Zv al©YI e‡U| GB Kvi‡Y GB m¤úK© Amy¯’ ej‡jI fzj n‡e bv| ZvB GB m¤ú‡K©i wØZxq iƒcmx bvixiv †KD g‡i‡Q †KD ev wbiæ‡Ïk ev Kvkxevmx n‡q‡Q Avevi †KD wbR¯’v‡b wd‡i‡Q| ZviciI fv‡jvi mv‡_ evo‡Q g‡›`i cÖfve| Rxeb-`k©‡b gvby‡li Avw`gZvi e`j †bB, Av‡Q weK…wZ| †mB weK…wZi myL A_©‡Kw›`ªK mgv‡R AvR gnvgvix, bvix Zvi bxie mvgMÖx| AvMvQvi †Rvi †ewk Avi A‰ea Kv‡R RyZ †ewk| †mB mv‡_ cvc‡eva Ges wec`‡eva †ewk n‡j wdi‡e gvbyl Zvi wcÖqR‡bi Kv‡Q †cÖg nv‡Z fv‡jvevmv nv‡Z| Ôcï‡`i weevn †bB, gvby‡li Av‡Q| cï mgvR Mo‡Z Rv‡b bv| gvbyl Rv‡b| mgvR m„wói G‡Kev‡i †Mvov‡ZB eyw×gvb gvbyl †Ui †c‡qwQj `„pe× mgvR Mo‡Z n‡j Zvi cvKv wfZ PvB| Avi †mB wfZ n‡jv, weevn|Õ (m¤úv`Kxq, †`k, 29 RyjvB 1989)|

Dcb¨vm Zvi mvÿx| gvby‡li mgvR eo msNe×| Z‡e Zv cyiælZvwš¿K| Ôbvix wPiKvjB b‡ii Aaxb n‡q‡Q| bvix G‡m‡Q cyiæ‡li N‡i, cyiæl bvixi N‡i hvqwb| GB AaxbZvi g‡a¨ mvg¨ KLbI wQj bv, Ges GZKvj c‡i AwaKvsk †ÿ‡Î GLbI †bB

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wKQy gymjgvb g‡b K‡i GKwU evMv‡b GKwU dyj _vK‡e mi`vi dRjyj Kwig

AcÖKvwkZ mvÿvrKvi

mi`vi dRjyj Kwig 1925 mv‡ji c‡njv †g ewikv‡ji AvwUcvov MÖv‡gi GK K…lK cwiev‡i Rb¥ MÖnY K‡ib| evev LweiDwÏb mi`vi K…wlKvR Ki‡Zb| gv mdyiv †eMg wQ‡jb M…wnYx| Zuvi ˆkke †K‡U‡Q MÖv‡g| g¨vwUªK‡z jkb †k‡l wZwb cÖ_g XvKv Av‡mb 1940 mv‡j| XvKvq 1942 mv‡j wZwb Zvi AvB.G. cvV mgvß K‡i XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡q fwZ© nb| XvKv wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K wZwb 1945 mv‡j `k©bkv‡¯¿ Abvm© I 1946 mv‡j Gg.G. wWwMÖ jvf K‡ib| 1946 mvj †_‡K 1948 mvj ch©š— wZwb XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡q `k©bkv‡¯¿ wk¶K wn‡m‡e wb‡qvwRZ wQ‡jb| cieZ©x‡Z Zvi mvg¨ev`x evgcš’x mvgvwRKivR‰bwZK Av‡›`vj‡b hy³ _vKvi ch©v‡q cvwK¯—vb miKvi KZ©K … wbM„nxZ nb| ivRew›` wn‡m‡e `xN© 11 ermi wewfbœ ch©v‡q KvivRxeb hvcb K‡ib| †R‡j _vKv Ae¯’v‡ZB 1954 mv‡j wZwb cvwK¯—vb msweavb mfvi m`m¨ wn‡m‡e KvR K‡ib| c‡i 1963 †_‡K Õ71 mvj ch©š— evsjv GKv‡Wwgi ms¯‹w… Z wefv‡Mi Aa¨¶ wn‡m‡e KvR K‡ib| 1971 mv‡ji †m‡Þ¤^‡i wZwb cvwK¯—vb nvbv`vievwnbx KZ©K … †MÖdZvi nb| cieZ©x‡Z wZwb Avevi XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡q 1972 †_‡K 1985 mvj ch©š— wk¶K wn‡m‡e wk¶v`vb ïi“ K‡ib| wZwb 15 Ryb, 2014 Zvwi‡L XvKvi kgwiZv nvmcvZv‡j wPwKrmvaxb Ae¯’vq gviv hvb| †gvnv¤§` Avjx mi`vi dRjyj Kwi‡gi `xN©w`‡bi mnhvÎx| mi`vi Rxe‡bi †kl mg‡qi †ewki fvM m½ wb‡q‡Qb †jLK I M‡elK †gvnv¤§` Avjxi| mi`vi dRjyj Kwi‡gi g„Z¨z i wKQzw`b Av‡M †bqv GB mv¶vrKviwU Gi Av‡M †Kv_vI Qvcv nqwb| GB AcÖKvwkZ g~j¨evb mv¶vrKviwU m„R‡bi cvV‡Ki Rb¨ cί’ n‡jv|

†gvnv¤§` Avjx : wn›`y I gymjgvb, †eŠ×, wLª÷v‡bi cvi¯úwiK m¤úK© †mB Avw`g hy‡MB i‡q hv‡e? mi`vi dRjyj Kwig : GKwU dyj w`‡q evMvb nq bv| wKQy gymjgvb g‡b K‡i GKwU evMv‡b GKwU dyj _vK‡e| G †`‡k †Kej gymjgvb _vK‡e| wn›`y, †eŠ×, wLª÷vb _vK‡e bv| GgbKx wkqv, mywbœI _vK‡e bv| G ai‡bi gvbwmKZv Amy¯’ mgvR f~wgô Ki‡e| weKj½ mgv‡R gb¯ÍvwË¡K wPwKrmv `iKvi| Avjx : Avcwb mvgªvR¨ev‡`i wei“‡× Av‡›`vjb K‡i‡Qb? mvgªvR¨ev`x‡`i N„Yv K‡ib? mi`vi : nu¨v, Av‡›`vjb K‡iwQ, GL‡bv Avwg mvg«vR¨ev`x †`k‡K N„Yv Kwi| [iwngvi gv eyqv evmvq wd‡i hv‡e| Avwg (†gvnv¤§` Avjx) eyqv‡K ejjvg, Ômi`vi fvB‡KÕ wVKg‡Zv †`‡L ivL‡eb| Dwb Avcbvi evevi g‡Zv| Avwg †Zv me mgq †LvuR wb‡Z cvwi bv| Ôˆ`wbK RbKÉÕ †_‡K BmgvBj mv‡ne †dvb K‡iwQ‡jb|

Ôˆ`wbK RbKÉÕ Zuvi Rb¨ †cbk‡bi e¨e¯’v K‡i‡Q| mi`vi fvB‡qi Ôab¨ev`Õ, Ôˆ`wbK RbKÉÕ-†K Avwg gwZb ivqnv‡bi gva¨‡g †cuŠ‡Q w`‡qwQ|Õ] nVvr eo †Q‡j †R¨vwZi K_v wRÁvmv Ki‡jb| †m Kvj G‡mwQj| mi`vi fvB wR‡Ám Ki‡jb, I wK UvKv-cqmv Pvq? Avwg mi`vi fvB‡K ejjvg, ÔUvKv PvB‡j ej‡eb, Avgv‡K wKQy UvKv-cqmv `vI| Avwg †Zvgv‡i GZw`b UvKvcqmv w`‡qwQ, GLb †Zv Avwg A¶g, Avi cviwQ bv, nvmcvZv‡j A‡bK UvKv-cqmv jvM‡Q; Zywg wKQy `vI|Õ mi`vi fvB‡K †`Lv‡kvbv K‡i dqmvj| wZwb KL‡bv bv †L‡Z PvB‡jI †m †Rvi K‡i| †mB Rb¨ wZwb Zvi Ici wei³| mi`vi fvB ej‡jb, ÔI Avgv‡K GB gv‡i, GB fv‡jvev‡m!Õ Avwg K_vUv ï‡b AvKvk †_‡K cojvg| dqmvj Zywg bvwK Dbv‡K ÔGB gvi, GB fv‡jvevm?Õ gv_v wbPy K‡i dqmvj ejj, Ô†Rvi

23


K‡i LvIqv‡Z †M‡j Dwb GB iKg K‡ib| Pkgv nvivBqv †MwQj AvwgB †Zv Ly‡u R †ei K‡iwQ|Õ Pkgv nv‡Z †c‡q mi`vi fvB ej‡jb, Ô†Q‡jwU AvKvk †_‡K cvIqv wRwbm!Õ] Avgvi Rxe‡bi e¨_©Zv e‡j †Kv‡bv K_v †bB [25 Ryb 2009 we‡Kj 5Uvq mi`vi dRjyj Kwi‡gi ivRv evRvi¯’ evmvq †cuŠQyjvg| cÖ_‡gB †`Lv n‡jv iwngvi gv eyqvi m‡½| Zv‡K wRÁvmv Kijvg, ÔAv”Qv, Avcwb †Zv GLv‡b A‡bK w`b Av‡Qb? e‡jb †Zv, mi`vi fvB Kv‡K Kv‡K cQ›` K‡ib?Õ iwngvi gv eyqv †n‡m ej‡jb, ÔDwb hv‡`i cQ›` K‡ib, Zv‡`i g‡a¨ wZb fv‡Mi `yB fvMB wn›`y, GK fvM †gvmjgvb| †g‡q‡`i Dwb Lye cQ›` K‡ib|Õ Avwg mi`vi fvB m¤ú‡K© KL‡bv Ggb g~j¨vqb Kv‡iv KvQ †_‡K ïwbwb| mi`vi m¨vi cÖvqB e‡jb, ÔAvgv‡`i eyqv Lye eyw×gvb|Õ dqmvj †Q‡jUv †h Zv‡K †`L-fvj K‡i †mI bvwK †ek eyw× iv‡L| mi`vi fvB hLb evB‡i hvb, ZLb dqmvj wbR nv‡Z Zvui `vwo Kvwg‡q †`q, Rvgv-Kvco cwi‡q †`q| mi`vi fvB wb‡R‡K eB‡qi ej` g‡b K‡i| wZwb bvwK eB‡qi `½‡j evm K‡ib| eB Zvui Ic‡i †kvq, wZwb eB‡qi Ic‡i †kvb| †h eB cov nq bv, Zv‡K mi`vi eB ej‡Z ivwR bb| Zvui fvlvq †mUv n‡jv e¯—|y mv¶vrKv‡ii K_v Zyj‡j wZwb e‡jb, ÔAvwg Avi Kx mv¶vrKvi †`e? wb‡RB wb‡Ri bvg fy‡j hvB|Õ Zvi †P‡q eis G‡mv Mí Kwi| ïi“ n‡jv AvÇv|] Avjx : Avcbvi kixi GLb fv‡jv? mi`vi : GB mvwU©wd‡K‡Ui Rb¨ †Zv GLb A‡c¶v Kiv| Zywg hw` ej, Avwg fv‡jv, Zvn‡j fv‡jv AvwQ| hw` ej Lvivc, Zvn‡j Avwg fv‡jv bvB| Avi hw` Lvivc ej Zvn‡j Kx Avi Kiv? (nvwm) Avjx : Avwg †Zv Avcbv‡K me mgq wMÖb †`wL| mi`vi : nvwm †nvt †nvt| Avjx : Avgv‡`i g‡a¨ †`v`yj¨gvbZv I Aw¯’iZv KvR K‡i, Avcbvi g‡a¨ †Zv †Zgb wKQy †`wL bv| †Kb? mi`vi : Avwg †Zv wb‡R‡KB †LvuR KBiv

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cvB bv| Avwg †Kv_vq AvwQ, Avi †Zvgv‡K Kx eje? Avjx : Avcwb Av‡Qb wKbv wb‡R wb‡R‡KB †LvuR K‡ib? mi`vi : nvm‡Z nvm‡Z ej‡jb, n¨vu| †Zvgv‡`i †`L‡j Avkv nq| [Gi gv‡S dqmvj †m‡fbAvc w`‡q †Mj| mi`vi ej‡jb, evsjv GKv‡Wwgi bZyb gnvcwiPvjK kvgmy¾vgvb Lvb Avgvi evmvq G‡mwQ‡jb|] Avjx : Avcbvi mv‡_ †Zv Dbvi Lye m¤úK© ZvB bv? Avcbvi mv‡eK mnKg©xI †Zv Dwb? mi`vi : nvm‡Z nvm‡Z ej‡jb, n¨vu| GK mgq Avgv‡K evsjv GKv‡Wwg‡Z wb‡q †hI| †Zvgvi `vwqZ¡ n‡e Avgv‡K wb‡q hvIqv| Iiv Lywk n‡e| Avjx : msev`Õi cÖwZôvevwl©Kx 7 Ryb|

iwngvi gv eyqv †n‡m ej‡jb, ÔDwb hv‡`i cQ›` K‡ib, Zv‡`i g‡a¨ wZb fv‡Mi `yB fvMB wn›`y, GK fvM †gvmjgvb| †g‡q‡`i Dwb Lye cQ›` K‡ib|Õ Avwg mi`vi fvB m¤ú‡K© KL‡bv Ggb g~j¨vqb Kv‡iv KvQ †_‡K ïwbwb| mi`vi m¨vi cÖvqB e‡jb, ÔAvgv‡`i eyqv Lye eyw×gvb|Õ

Avcwb Kx wjL‡eb? mi`vi : bv, Avwg †Zv GLb wjLe bv| KviY Avwg wjL‡Z cvwi bv| Avjx : msev`-G Avcwb K‡e †_‡K wjL‡Zb? mi`vi : Ifv‡e mvj-Uvj †Zv g‡b †bB| Avjx : lv‡Ui `kK †_‡K wjL‡Zb? mi`vi : n¨vu, Zv †Zv n‡eB| Avjx : ZLb †jLv †bIqv-†UIqvi e¨vcv‡i †K †hvMv‡hvM Ki‡Zb? mi`vi : ZvivI †Zv †bB| Avnv‡g`yj Kwei, Avjx AvKmv` Guiv| AvKmv`I †Zv wKQyw`b Av‡M gviv †M‡jb| Avjx : Avcwb Kx g‡b K‡ib ZLbKvi w`‡bi msev` cÖMwZkxj‡`i c…ô‡cvlKZv KiZ? mi`vi : nu¨v, Zv †Zv KiZB| Avjx : cÖMwZkxj‡`i Avi †Kv‡bv NUbv g‡b Av‡Q? mi`vi : ZLb cyivb XvKvi RR †Kv‡U©i `w¶Y w`‡K GKUv RvqMv wQj| †mLv‡b KwgDwb÷‡`i GKUv KwgDb wQj| H †h wWw÷ªK †ev‡W©i GKUv iv¯—v †ei nB‡Q bv, Zvi bvgI fy‡j †MwQ| ILv‡b i‡Yk`v em‡Zb| Avgiv ILv‡b mvwnZ¨-mfv KiZvg| Avjx : IUv Kx Kvwj-Kjg? mi`vi : Kvwj-Kjg-G i‡Yk`v em‡Zb| Avjx : Avcbviv KL‡bv weDwU ewWs-G AvÇv-UvÇv w`‡Zb? mi`vi : bv, †Zgb bv| Avgvi eB‡qi cvewjkvm© gIjv eªv`v‡m© †hZvg| Iiv `yc‡y i LvIqvB‡Zv| Avjx : Avcwb I iwe ¸n m`iNv‡U †h‡Zb ...| mi`vi : nu¨v| mi`Nv‡U Ô†jwWm cvK©Õ e‡j GKUv cvK© wQj| Avgiv ILv‡b A‡bKevi wgwUs K‡iwQ| Avjx : Avãyi iv¾vK m¨vi †Kv_vq AvÇv w`‡Zb? mi`vi : iv¾vK m¨vi †RjLvbvi Iw`‡K GKUv RvqMvq †h‡Zb| Avjx : Avcwb iv¾vK m¨v‡ii wkl¨ wQ‡jb| KL‡bv Zvui m‡½ `vev-Uvev †L‡jbwb? mi`vi : bv| Avwg †Ljv †`L‡jI eySZvg bv| Avwg †Kv‡bv †Ljvi g‡a¨ KL‡bv wQjvg bv| Avjx : Avcwb `vev cvi‡Zb bv, †mB Rb¨


iv¾vK m¨vi wKQy ej‡Zb bv? mi`vi : wZwb KL‡bv Lvivc †Kv‡bv gš—e¨ Ki‡Zb bv| Avgiv †h †Kv‡bv e¨vcv‡i Lvivc †Kv‡bv gš—e¨ Kwi, wWwmkb wbBwZwb KL‡bv †ZgbwU Ki‡Zb bv| Avjx : GLbKvi XvKv m¤ú‡K© Avcbvi gš—e¨ Kx? mi`vi : GLbKvi XvKv bv †P‡b Avgv‡K, Avi AvwgI wPwb bv XvKv‡K| Avwg cÖ_g XvKv AvmwQ 1940 mv‡j| †mUv cÖvq mËi eQi Av‡Mi K_v| ZLbKvi c_-NvU, gvbyl-Rb me wKQyB e`‡j †M‡Q| Avjx : iv¾vK m¨viI Avcbvi eo †Q‡ji e¨vcv‡i wK civgk© w`‡qwQ‡jb? mi`vi : n¨vu, wZwbI Rvb‡Zb Avgvi evmvq GKUv cvMj †Q‡j Av‡Q| Zv‡K †R‡j †`Iqv, cvMjv Mvi‡` †`Iqv wVK bq| cvMj‡K cvMjv Mvi‡` w`qv fv‡jv Kiv hvq bv| fv‡jv‡e‡m fv‡jv Ki‡Z nq, Avgiv A‡bK mgq Zv fy‡j hvB| Aa¨vcK iv¾vKI GB K_v ej‡Zb| Avgvi cvMj †Q‡jUv GLb GKv GKv _v‡K| Ii mv‡_ GLb †KD _v‡K bv| I gv‡S gv‡S evmvq Av‡m, †dvb K‡i| I GLb fv‡jv GKUv B÷vewjm‡g›U wb‡q Av‡Q| Ii eD Ii Kv‡Q _v‡K bv, †Q‡j _v‡K bv| ZeyI †m msmvi Ki‡Q GKv, GUv Kg K_v bq| Avjx : Avcwb KL‡bv †cÖ‡g c‡o‡Qb? mi`vi : bv| GL‡bv †Zv †cÖ‡gi g‡a¨B AvwQ| gvbyl‡K fv‡jv‡e‡m P‡jwQ| Avjx : Avcbvi wcÖq gvbyl †K? mi`vi : gvbylB Avgvi wcÖq| Avjx : Avcbvi Rb¥ K‡e? mi`vi : mi`vi dRjyj Kwi‡gi †Zv Rb¥B nqwb| Avwg Avgvi Rb¥ ZvwiL Kx K‡i eje? Avjx : Avcbvi msMÖvgx-Rxe‡bi K_v ejyb? Avcwb mdj bv e¨_©! mi`vi : Avgvi Rxe‡bi e¨_©Zv e‡j †Kv‡bv K_v †bB| Avjx : Avcwb †Zv cÖ‡dmi n‡Z cv‡ibwb- GUv e¨_©Zv bq? mi`vi : n‡Z cvijvg bv| Zv‡Z Kx nB‡Q? Avjx : nq‡Zv KL‡bv RvZxq cÖ‡dmi n‡ZI cv‡ib| ZeyI Avcwb ÔcÖ‡dmiÕ n‡Z cvi‡eb bv|

Avwg GKUy gRv cvBjvg| Avwg m¨vi‡K ejjvg, Ôm¨vi wK KBZv‡Q ïb‡Qb?Õ cÖ‡dmi iv¾vK ZLb ej‡jb, ÔKx KBZv‡Q?Õ ZLb Avwg ejjvg, Iiv ej‡Q, ÔcÖ‡dmi iv¾v‡Ki Kjøv PvB|Õ ZLb Dwb ej‡jb, ÔAvwg Kx ejwQ, Avgvi Kjøv GZ k³ †h KvUv hv‡e bv?Õ wZwb wngvi KBiv K_v ej‡Z cvi‡Zb mi`vi : n¨vu, cÖ‡dmi n‡Z cvie bv| (nvwm ...) Avjx : gvby‡li Kv‡Q fv‡jvevmv †c‡q‡Qb? mi`vi : gvby‡li Kv‡Q Avwg A‡bK fv‡jvevmv †c‡qwQ| †mUv fyjevi bq| Avjx : ÔXvKv wek¦we`¨vjq I c~ee© ½xq mgvRÕ Aa¨vcK Avãyi iv¾v‡Ki m‡½ AvjvcPvwiZv- eBwUi Ici Av‡jvPbv n‡q‡Q? mi`vi : Avgvi GKwU eB Av‡Q ÔXvKv wek¦we`¨vjq I c~ee© ½xq mgvRÕ Aa¨vcK Avãyi iv¾v‡Ki m‡½ AvjvcPvwiZv- GB eBUvi Ici †Zvgiv GKUv Av‡jvPbv Ki‡Z cvi| GUv Kiv DwPr| Avjx : GL‡bv Av‡jvPbv nqwb? mi`vi : bv| Avjx : iv¾vK m¨vi‡K wb‡q wgwQj n‡qwQj †Kb? mi`vi : Zvn‡j GKUv K_v †kvb| Avwg

wUPvm© i“‡g GKUv RvqMvq e‡m AvwQ| iv¾vK m¨vi †hLv‡b e‡mb Zvi KvQvKvwQ| ZLbKvi GKUv K_v GL‡bv g‡b Av‡Q, wZwb e‡m Av‡Qb| evB‡i GKUv wgwQj hv‡”Q, wgwQ‡j †¯øvMvb w`‡”Q, Ôiv¾vK m¨v‡ii Kjøv PvB|Õ Avwg GKUy gRv cvBjvg| Avwg m¨vi‡K ejjvg, Ôm¨vi wK KBZv‡Q ïb‡Qb?Õ cÖ‡dmi iv¾vK ZLb ej‡jb, ÔKx KBZv‡Q?Õ ZLb Avwg ejjvg, Iiv ej‡Q, ÔcÖ‡dmi iv¾v‡Ki Kjøv PvB|Õ ZLb Dwb ej‡jb, ÔAvwg Kx ejwQ, Avgvi Kjøv GZ k³ †h KvUv hv‡e bv?Õ wZwb wngvi KBiv K_v ej‡Z cvi‡Zb| Avjx : Zvn‡j †Zv iv¾vK m¨vi K¬vm wb‡Zb bv? Zvui QvÎiv Kxfv‡e cvm KiZ? mi`vi : nu¨v, wZwb cvm Kiv‡Zb| b¤^i w`‡q w`‡Zb| cÖ‡dmi iv¾vK A‡b‡Ki cv‡mi Rb¨ mycvwikI K‡i‡Qb| wZwb wWcvU©‡g‡›U wM‡q m¨vi‡`i e‡j‡Qb, ÔGZevi †m cix¶v w`Zv‡Q, GL‡bv †m cvm Kij bv? †m KZevi cix¶v w`qv‡Q, cvm K‡i‡Q †Kv‡bv bv †Kv‡bv mve‡R‡±| m¨vi, I‡K Avi KZw`b AvUKvBqv ivL‡eb?Õ- ÔZywg ej‡Qv?Õ- Ônu¨v, Avwg eje †Zv|Õ (nvwm ...) Avjx : Avcwb cÖ‡dmi iv¾vK m¤ú‡K© GKUv B›Uv‡iw÷s NUbvi K_v e‡jwQ‡jb, †mUv Kx? mi`vi : fvlv-Av‡›`vj‡bi mgq hLb ¸wj nBj, ZLb Dwb †mLv‡b wQ‡jb bv| Z‡e GKUv gRvi NUbv †kvb, XvKvi iv¯— v bvivqYM‡Äi iv¯—vi m‡½ †hLv‡b wgU Kij, †mLv‡b GK cywjk Awdmv‡ii evmv wQj| BDwbfvwm©wU m¤ú‡K© K_v DV‡Q, ZLb cywjk Awdmvi ej‡Q, ÔG wb‡q Avcbviv GZ e¨¯— K¨vb?Õ cÖ‡dmi iv¾vK ej‡jb, ÔAvwg Avðh© nBjvg Zvi GKUv K_v ï‡b| cywjk Awdmvi e‡j‡Q, †h Lyb nB‡Q †m †Zv Avgv‡`i †jvK (cywj‡ki †jvK)! cywj‡ki †jvK _v‡K| Avgvi Kv‡Q GKUv †Uc †iKW©vi wQj, †mUv Avwg e¨envi Kwi| GB wi‡cvU©Uv ÔwewPÎvÕq D‡VwQj| wi‡cvU©Uv IVvi c‡i Dbvi Kv‡Q †K wi‡cvU© K‡i‡Q| ZLb Dwb ej‡jb, Ômi`vi, Avcwb GUv Kx K‡i‡Qb?Õ Avwg ejjvg, Ôm¨vi wK K‡iwQ? cÖ‡dmi

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Avgv‡`i GLv‡b wØZxq wek¦h‡y ×i mgq Av‡gwiKvb I weªwUk ˆmb¨iv G‡mwQj| Zviv Avgv‡`i Ly‡u R †ei KiZ| weUvwbKv wm‡bgv n‡ji cv‡k wWbGbdv †i÷y‡i‡›U wb‡q †hZ Ges †mLv‡b Avgv‡`i LvIqvZ| Lvevi †L‡Z †L‡Z cÖPiy Lvevi †e‡P †hZ, ZLb Avgv‡`i Rb¨ †mB Lvevi Iiv c¨v‡KU K‡i w`‡q w`Z

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iv¾vK ej‡jb, ÔAvwg wec‡` c‡o †MwQ|Õ Avwg ejjvg, ÔAvcwb KvM‡R wee„wZ w`‡q †`b, Avcwb GUv e‡jbwb|Õ ZLb wZwb ej‡jb, ÔG¨v, Zv Kx nq?Õ wZwb Avgv‡K wec‡` †d‡jbwb| wb‡R †h wec‡` c‡o‡Qb, †mUv eyS‡Z †c‡i‡Qb| Avwg †Kb GUv Kijvg? ÔwewPÎvÕi kvnv`r †PŠayix GUv Ggb K‡i Qvcv‡e, Zv †Zv KL‡bv fvwewb| Iiv GUv Qvcvevi Av‡M Avgv‡K e‡jwb! Avjx : gvby‡li Kv‡Q Avcwb Kx †P‡qwQ‡jb? mi`vi : bxie ...| Avjx : iv¾vK m¨vi Avcbvi cÖvYwcÖq n‡jb Kxfv‡e? mi`vi : Dbvi ÷vBjUvB G iKg| wb‡R‡K †QvU K‡i Ab¨‡K eo Kiv| AvwgI wUPvm© i“‡g emZvg| wUPvm© i“‡g GK GKRb GK GK RvqMvq e‡m| AvwgI Zuvi KvQvKvwQ emvi †Póv KiZvg| ZLb Avgvi wKQy †jLv-†ULv †ei nB‡Q| Dwb ej‡Zb, ÔKx †jLv†ULv wKQy †ei nBj bvwK?Õ Avjx : wØZxq wek¦h‡y ×i †Kv‡bv NUbv g‡b c‡o? mi`vi : Avgv‡`i GLv‡b wØZxq wek¦h‡y ×i mgq Av‡gwiKvb I weªwUk ˆmb¨iv G‡mwQj| Zviv Avgv‡`i Ly‡u R †ei KiZ| weUvwbKv wm‡bgv n‡ji cv‡k wWbGbdv †i÷y‡i‡›U wb‡q †hZ Ges †mLv‡b Avgv‡`i LvIqvZ| Lvevi †L‡Z †L‡Z cÖPiy Lvevi †e‡P †hZ, ZLb Avgv‡`i Rb¨ †mB Lvevi Iiv c¨v‡KU K‡i w`‡q w`Z| RR †Kv‡U©i Kv‡Q wWw÷ªK †ev‡W©i ILv‡b iv¯—v, Zvi cv‡k KwgDwb÷‡`i GKUv _vKvi RvqMv wQj, Zv‡K ÔKwgDbÕ e‡j| †mLv‡b Av‡gwiKvb I weªwUk ˆmb¨‡`i g‡a¨ hviv KwgDwb÷ Gwj‡g›U wQj, Zviv AvmZ| I‡`i B›Uv‡i÷ wQj, Avgiv nvZ w`‡q Kxfv‡e LvB! nvI Wy g¨v‡bR `¨v wd½vi! ZLb ˆmb¨‡`i GKUv MÖæc wQj, I‡`i †jvK †Kv_vq hvq? †cÖvR‡KvqvU©v‡i hvq Kx bv? †Kv_vq hvq Zviv †m¸‡jv AveRvf© KiZ| Avgiv Lvev‡ii mgq AvOzj †Kgb K‡i e¨envi Kwi, †mBUv Zviv wkL‡Z Pvq|

GKw`b Zviv †mB AvÇvq G‡m Dcw¯’Z n‡jv Ges Av‡gwiKvb †Mv‡q›`viv Zv‡`i a‡i wb‡q †Mj| BwÛqvb BbwW‡cb‡W‡›Ui e¨vcv‡i Zviv GKUv mvBW n‡q †hZ| weªwUk ˆmb¨ wQj fvi‡Zi ¯^vaxbZvi wec‡¶, Avi Av‡gwiKvb ˆmb¨iv wQj fvi‡Zi ¯^vaxbZvi c‡¶| Avjx : Avcwb KL‡bv ILv‡b †M‡Qb? mi`vi : nu¨v, ILv‡b Avwg †MwQ| m‡Z¨b †mb, i‡Yk`v Zuviv ILv‡b _vK‡Zb| G¸‡jv †Zv †Zvgiv cvev bv| cyi‡bv cwÎKv hw` cvI, Zvn‡j †`L‡Z cvi| Avjx : GUv 1945 mv‡ji K_v ej‡Qb? mi`vi : nu¨v| Avwg †Zv 1942 mv‡j XvKv G‡mwQ| ZLb dRjyj nK n‡j †Mvjvg AvhgI wQj| Avjx : ˆmq` Avjx AvkivdI Avcbvi eÜz? mi`vi : Avjx Avkiv‡di evmv wQj| I n‡j _vKZ bv| Avgiv †Zv n‡j GUv÷ wQjvg| Avjx : Avjx Avkivd ZLbB cÖwZwµqvkxj wQj? mi`vi : Iiv cÖMwZi c‡¶ wQj bv| cvwK¯—v‡bi c‡¶ wQj| Avjx : Avcwb †Zv B‡jKk‡b wRZ‡Z cv‡ibwb? mi`vi : Avwg †Kv‡bv B‡jKk‡bB wRwZ bvB| wKš‘ Avwg B‡jKk‡b `uvovBwQ| hviv Avgv‡K B‡jKk‡b `uvo Kwi‡qwQj Zv‡`i Kv‡Q Avgvi KwÛkb wQj| Avwg B‡jKk‡b `uvov‡Z cvwi, wei“× cvwU©‡K †Zvgiv MvjvMvwj Ki‡Z cviev bvÑ GUv Avwg e‡jwQ| AvwgB cÖ_g e¨w³ wgwUs‡q B‡jw±«K jvBU e¨envi K‡iwQ| Avwg †mLv‡b e³…Zv w`‡qwQ| XvKv n‡ji D‡ëv w`‡K dRjyj nK nj, ILv‡b Avwg e³…Zv w`w”Q, H e³…Zvi AvIqvRUv XvKv nj ch©š— P‡j †M‡Q| XvKv n‡ji GKUv i“‡g cÖ‡dmi iv¾vK K¬vm wb‡Z‡Qb| Avwg ZLb dRjyj nK n‡ji GB mvB‡W e³…Zv w`‡ZwQ| cÖ‡dmi iv¾vK K¬v‡m e³…Zv w`‡Z‡Qb| nVvr wZwb Pyc n‡q †M‡Qb| ZLb K¬v‡mi QvÎiv ej‡Q, Ôm¨vi, Avcwb Avi wKQy ej‡eb bv?Õ ZLb Dwb nvm‡Z


nvm‡Z ej‡Qb, ÔAvgvi e³…Zv û‡b Kx nBe?Õ mi`vi H e³…Zv w`‡Z‡Q bv, Ii e³…Zv û‡bb KvR nBe| Avjx : Av”Qv, ZLb †hgb Aa¨vcK Avãyi iv¾vK, m‡Z¨b †mb, i‡Yk `v‡ki Rb¥ n‡qwQj, GLb GB ai‡bi gvbyl Rb¥v‡”Q bv †Kb? mi`vi : †Zvgvi cÖkUœ v Kx? †Zvgvi cÖkœ n‡”Q, GLb nq bv †Kb? GLb nq bv †Kb, Zvi †Zv †Kv‡bv mnR Reve bvB| GLb hviv ivRbxwZ Ki‡Q, Zv‡`i GKUv ivRbxwZ Av‡Q| GKUv AvÛvi÷¨vwWs Av‡Q, Zv‡`i †Wwf‡qkb Av‡Q| GK `„wó‡Z KvD‡K †Zvgvi cQ›` nq, cQ›` nq bv| me mgq †Zv cvwU©Rbwkc wQj, GL‡bv Av‡Q| Avjx : †mUv †Zv †Mj| lv‡Ui `k‡K eo eo †bZvi Rb¥ n‡qwQ‡jb? mi`vi : GL‡bv n‡”Q| GLb †h n‡”Q bv, Zv †Zv ejv hvq bv| †Kb iv‡k` Lvb †gbb Av‡Q? †KD Zv‡K cQ›` K‡i, †KD AcQ›` K‡i| †KD †h n‡”Q bv, Zv bv| Avjx : †hgb cwÎKvi K_vB hw` awi| ZLb mgKvj wQj, KvwjKjg wQj| GLb Kx †Zgb cwÎKv n‡”Q? mi`vi : GLb Zv bvB| ¯’vb e`j nq, Kvj e`j nq| wKš‘ †Kb n‡”Q bv Zvi †Kv‡bv mnR Reve †bB| Avjx : wd‡jvwm‡Z †h hyw³, MwYZ †Zv Zvi avi av‡i bv| `yB Avi `yB Pvi nq bvwK? mi`vi : Kvh©KviY Qvov Kx AsK nq? Avjx : Kwe RmxgD`&`xb m¤ú‡K© wK Rv‡bb? mi`vi : RmxgD`&`xb ZLb wUPvm© wQ‡jb| †h me wk¶K mij Zv‡`i‡K QvÎiv mvaviY UjvBZ| Dwb hLb Bs‡iwR ej‡Qb, wfwm mv‡ne Kwi‡Wvi w`‡q hvB‡Z‡Qb, ZLb wKQy¶Y Zvui e³…Zv ïb‡jb| RmxgD`&`xb mv‡ne †h Bs‡iwR ej‡Qb, Zv Av‡`Š Bs‡iwR n‡”Q bv| ZLb wZwb ej‡jb, Ôwg. RmxgD`&`xb, BD †eUvi w¯úwKs †e½wj|Õ Gme e¨vcvi NUZ| Avjx : Avcwb KL‡bv weeªZKi cwiw¯’wZ‡Z c‡obwb? mi`vi : GB iKg wQj bv| wWcvU©‡g›U †_‡K LvZv wb‡q wWw÷ªweDU Kijvg|

wbqgB wQj cÖkœ wj‡L †`Iqv| Avgvi LvZv Lyjj, †`Lj LvZvi g‡a¨ †jLv Av‡Q, Zzwg LvZvi g‡a¨ cÖkœ ˆZwi Ki Ges Gi Reve `vI| GUv Lye B›Uv‡iw÷s| QvÎiv fxZ n‡q coZ| Zywg cÖkœ Ki, ZywgB Reve `vI| GB ai‡bi D‡ëv-cvëv KvR K‡iwQ| cÖ‡dmi iv¾vK GKfv‡e KvR Ki‡Zb bv, Avwg Avevi GBfv‡e KvR KiZvg| Avjx : Avcwb †Zv mevi †ek wcÖq wQ‡jb? mi`vi : bv, Avgvi K_v ev` `vI| Avwg mevB‡K mvjvg-Av`ve w`Zvg| Kv‡R mevB Avgv‡K cQ›` KiZ| Avjx : Rxebfi ivRbxwZ Ki‡jb Kx †c‡jb? mi`vi : ivRbxwZ bv Ki‡j gvby‡li fv‡jvevmv †cZvg Kxfv‡e? wb‡Pi K¬v‡m †eZ gviZ bvgvR bv co‡j, Avi Ic‡ii K¬v‡m dvBb n‡Zv| †gvRv‡¤§j Avgvi fv‡jv eÜy wQj| bv, Avwg †Kv‡bv †Ljvayjv KiZvg bv| eÜy‡`i mv‡_ Ny‡i †eovZvg| g‡b coj wgwó †LZvg Avgiv- ILv‡b fv‡jv wgwói †`vKvb wQj| cyi‡bv e¨vcvi, GLb g‡b nq wgm KiwQ| Avjx : ¯‹‡y j _vK‡ZB Avcbvi ivRbxwZ‡Z nv‡ZLwo? mi`vi : nu¨v, Avgvi eÜy †gv¾v‡gj I †Zv AviGmwcAvB KiZ| BmgvBj †PŠayix bv‡g GKRb eo †jvK wQ‡jb, Zvi evwo‡ZB †gvRv‡¤§j jwRs _vKZ| Ii Kv‡QB ivRbxwZ m¤ú‡K© aviYv cvq| Avjx : Avcwb KLb cÖPwjZ a¨vb-aviYv †_‡K m‡i Avm‡jb? mi`vi : wVK Av‡Q, m‡i Avwmwb| KvKivBj gmwR` †_‡K wWUv÷ nIqvi e¨vcviUv n‡jv| Avgvi eo fvB wZwb Lye Kov wQ‡jb| wZwb GKevi Avgv‡K e‡jwQ‡jb, ÔZywg GZ cov‡kvbv Ki| Zywg ûgvqyb Kwe‡ii m‡½ wg‡k Gme Kx KiQ? ûgvqyb Kwei GKUv wdMvi wQj| Zywg Zvui m‡½ wg‡k me bó KiZv‡Qv| Zywg †Zv mgv‡Ri ¶wZ KiZv‡Qv|Õ Avwg wKQy ejZvg bv| Avjx : GB Zyjbv Kiv‡Z Avcbvi cÖwZwµqv Kx n‡jv? mi`vi : ÔZywg †Zv ûgvqyb Kwe‡ii m‡½

KvKivBj gmwR` †_‡K wWUv÷ nIqvi e¨vcviUv n‡jv| Avgvi eo fvB wZwb Lye Kov wQ‡jb| wZwb GKevi Avgv‡K e‡jwQ‡jb, ÔZywg GZ cov‡kvbv Ki| Zywg ûgvqyb Kwe‡ii m‡½ wg‡k Gme Kx KiQ? ûgvqyb Kwei GKUv wdMvi wQj| Zywg Zvui m‡½ wg‡k me bó KiZv‡Qv| Zywg †Zv mgv‡Ri ¶wZ KiZv‡Qv|Õ Avwg wKQy ejZvg bv

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wg‡k RvwZi ¶wZ KiZv‡Qv| gymjgvb‡`i Awbó KiZv‡Qv|Õ eo fvB‡qi m‡½ cvëvcvwë †Kv‡bv K_v ewjwb KL‡bv| (nvwm ...) Avjx : Avcwb wKQy ej‡Zb bv? mi`vi : Avwg nq‡Zv e‡jwQ, hvi ag© †m cvjb Ki‡e, GUv †Zv †RvivRywii e¨vcvi bv| ewikv‡ji bjwQwU‡Z mve †iwRw÷« Awd‡m eo fvB PvKwi Ki‡Zb| Avwg AvBG cix¶v w`qv fvB‡qi Kv‡Q P‡j †Mjvg| wZwb ZLb wRÁvmv Ki‡jb, ÔZywg cix¶v †Kgb w`‡Qv?Õ Avwg ejjvg, ÔAvwg ejwQ †h, cvk Kie?Õ Dwb ej‡jb, Ôïay cvk Kiev?Õ Avwg ZLb ejjvg, Ôcix¶v w`qv Avi Kx Kiv hvq?Õ wKQyw`b ci bvRgyj Kwig Avgv‡K †UwjMÖvg Ki‡jb, ÔKbMÖvPz‡jkb, BD ÷yW †m‡KÛ Bb `¨v XvKv †evW©|Õ Avjx : ewikv‡ji K_v, gv I †ev‡bi K_v g‡b c‡o? mi`vi : GL‡bv ewikv‡ji bvbvb wKQy wbqv ¯^cœ †`wL| gv‡K ¯^‡cœ †`wL| †mB wkKvicy‡ii jÂNvU ¯^‡cœ †`wL, ZLb bvbvb K_v g‡b c‡o| Avgvi eo †evb Avgv‡K Lye Av`i KiZ| evwo †M‡j c‡i gvwU‡Z †nvMjv weQv‡bv _vKZ, Avwg wM‡q Zv‡Z ï‡q coZvg| c‡ii w`‡K Avgv‡`i GKUv LvUI wQj| wKš‘ Zvi Av‡M Avwg nqZ Ny‡i-Uy‡i AvqwQ, AvBmv ï‡q cowQ| GK mgq Avwg NygvBqv wMwQ| nVvr GK mgq †Ui cvBwQ, Avgvi cvUv gv UvBbv w`‡”Q| ZLb fv‡jv jvM‡Q, †ek VvÐv jvM‡Q| Avi mvov kã Kijvg bv| Avgvi eo †evb Avgvi cv gy‡Q w`‡Qb| gv ej‡Qb, ÔcvMjUvi cvUv GKUy gy‡Q †`|Õ Avgvi †evb Avi Avwg `yRb K¬vm †d«‡Ûi g‡Zv wQjvg| †m Avgvi †g‡Rv †evb, Zvi bvg †g‡ni“b †bmv| †m wKQyw`b Av‡M gviv †M‡Q| ingZcyi e‡j ewikv‡ji GKUv RvqMv Av‡Q, †mLv‡b GKUv nvB¯‹jy wQj| †mLv‡b Avwg Avi Avgvi †evb coZvg| I dvBf-wm· ch©š— †jLvcov K‡i‡Q| Avjx : ILvbKvi Avi †Kv‡bv NUbv Avcbvi ¯§„wZ‡Z Av‡Q? mi`vi : †mLv‡b wn›`y Rwg`vi evwo wQj| Zuv‡`i eo AvUPvjv Ni wQj| †mLv‡b Mvb-

28

evRbv n‡Zv| Avgiv Zv ïb‡Z †hZvg| Zuv‡`i evwoi Kv‡Q evRviI emZ| Avjx : G †K ¯‹‡y ji †Kv‡bv NUbv g‡b Av‡Q? mi`vi : ILvbKvi ¯‹‡y j `y‡Uv Kjwm _vKZ| GKUv gymjgvb Qv·`i Rb¨ Avi GKUv wn›`y Qv·`i Rb¨| †hUv gymjgvb Qv·`i †mUv Zviv e¨envi KiZ| Avi †hUv wn›`y‡`i Rb¨ †mUv wn›`yiv e¨envi KiZ| Avjx : Avcwb fvB‡qi Kv‡Q _vK‡Zb? Zvui †Zv ILvbKvi Rwg`vi cwiev‡ii m‡½ m¤úK© wQj? mi`vi : Avwg fvB‡qi Kv‡Q _vKZvg| ZLb †`‡LwQ, weªwUk Mf©‡g‡›Ui Rwg`v‡ii Abyôvb n‡”QÑ Gme K_v g‡b Av‡Q| Avgiv `yB fvB-†evb nuvBUv ¯‹‡y j †hZvg|

Avgv‡`i evwo A`~‡i nw¯—my›`i, †mLv‡b †mB weL¨vZ Kg‡iW bwjbx `vm A‡bKevi wM‡qwQ‡jb| wZwb Avgv‡K wb‡q n¯—xmy›`i NyivB‡Zb| Zvui KvR wQj Avgv‡K †`Lv‡bv- GB †`‡Lb, I Wej dv÷ K¬vm| Avwg Zvui Rvgv †U‡b a‡i ejjvg, Ôbwjbx `v, G Avcwb Kx K‡ib? Avwg Wej dv÷ K¬vm bv, wm‡½j dv÷ K¬vm|Õ

mve †iwRw÷« Awdm wQj GKUy †fZ‡iB| ¯‹‡y j †M‡j c‡i wUwdb ev QywUi mgq Rwg`vi evwo‡Z Avgv‡`i hvZvqvZ wQj| Avgvi wgqv fvB mve-†iwR÷ªvi| MÖv‡g mve-†iwR÷«vi GKUv fv‡jv †cv÷| wZwb Lye mvgvwRK †jvK wQ‡jb| Zvi bvbv eÜyevÜe wQj| wZwb Rwg`vi evwo‡Z nq‡Zv †LuvR wb‡Z †M‡jb, Zviv †Kgb Av‡Qb? ZLb wZwb wM‡q †`‡Lb f`ª gwnjv Lye Kuv`Zv‡Q| ZLb wZwb ej‡jb, Ôgv Avcwb Kv‡›`b K¨vb? AvwgB †Zv Avcbvi †Q‡j|Õ GB K_v ï‡b gv (Rwg`v‡ii ¯¿x) Lye Awef~Z nB‡Q| e‡j‡Q, ÔZyB Avgvi †Q‡j, ZyB em|Õ †mLvbKvi wn›`y‡`i m‡½ Zvui Lye mL¨Zv wQj| Avjx : Avcwb GKevi wecøex bwjbx `v‡mi K_v e‡jwQ‡jb, Zvui m¤ú‡K© wKQy ej‡eb? mi`vi : Avgv‡`i evwo A`~‡i nw¯—m›y `i, †mLv‡b †mB weL¨vZ Kg‡iW bwjbx `vm A‡bKevi wM‡qwQ‡jb| wZwb Avgv‡K wb‡q n¯—xmy›`i NyivB‡Zb| Zvui KvR wQj Avgv‡K †`Lv‡bv- GB †`‡Lb, I Wej dv÷ K¬vm| Avwg Zvui Rvgv †U‡b a‡i ejjvg, Ôbwjbx `v, G Avcwb Kx K‡ib? Avwg Wej dv÷ K¬vm bv, wm‡½j dv÷ K¬vm|Õ ZLb wZwb ej‡jb, Ôbv, Zywg _vg, KB‡Z nq|Õ wZwb Avgv‡`i evwo LvB‡Qb, Avgvi evev wb‡R Zvu‡K LvqvB‡Qb| Dwb wQ‡jb Av›`vgvb †dir| Dwb ZLb KwgDwb÷ wjWvi| Dwb Avgv‡K wbqv wewfbœ RvqMvq †h‡Zb| wZwb e³…Zv w`‡Zb| Avgv‡KI e³…Zv w`‡Z DVvBqv w`‡Zb| ZLb Zvui eqm wZwik-cuqwÎk eQi †Zv n‡eB| wZwb ej‡Zb, ÔGevi Avcbv‡`i mvg‡b e³…Zv †`‡eb mi`vi dRjyj Kwig|Õ Kg‡iW bwjbx `vm GKUv Mí K‡iwQ‡jb, MíUv Lye B›U‡iwUs| wZwb GK K…lK Kg‡i‡Wi evwo‡Z wQ‡jb| †mLvb †_‡K GK`j †jvK Zvu‡K a‡i RevB Ki‡Z hv‡e| ZLb wZwb Zv‡`i‡K ej‡jb, Ô†Zvgiv Avgv‡K †g‡i bv †d‡j cywj‡k `vI, Zvn‡j A‡bK UvKv cv‡e| KviY miKvi †NvlYv K‡i‡Q Avgv‡K awi‡q w`‡Z cvi‡j Zv‡K cyi¯‹vi †`Iqv n‡e|Õ Gici Kx †hb †f‡e Zviv Zvu‡K nZ¨v bv K‡i †Q‡o w`‡qwQj| wZwb wb‡R G Mí Avgv‡K K‡i‡Qb|


Qvi‡cvKv

myivBqv †eMg

nvZ Nywi‡q Nywi‡q Pzwo¸‡jv †`L‡Q Av‡jqv| wb‡Ri nv‡Z evbv‡bv Pzwo! jvj bxj meyR i‡Oi cv_‡i Sjgj Ki‡Q Pzwo¸‡jv| gbUv †Kgb fv‡jv n‡q hvq Av‡jqvi| Avevi GKUz weiw³I jv‡M| mnKvix g¨v‡bRvi KzÏmy jywK‡q jywK‡q ïay I‡KB †Kb w`‡jv? Avi †Zv KvD‡K w`‡jv bv? GB Pzwo †Rvov Av‡jqvB evwb‡q‡Q| KzÏmy jywK‡q †i‡L w`‡q‡Q Av‡jqvi Rb¨! KviLvbvi GB mnKvix g¨v‡bRvi e¨vUv eÇ Mv †Nulv| hLb ZLb Av‡jqvi mv‡_ K_v ej‡Z Pvq! e¨vcviUv Av‡jqvi g›` jv‡M bv| gv‡S gv‡S †iv‡Kqv, Avmgv, Rwibv GB wb‡q Lye dvRjvwg K‡i Av‡jqvi m‡½| Av‡jqv †n‡mB Dwo‡q †`q| Ñ wK‡i Av‡jqv, jvBU wbev| NygvB‡Z cviZvwQ bv| †env‡b Avevi Kv‡g hvIb jvM‡ev †Zv! Nyg Rov‡bv K‡É e‡j I‡V †ikwg| Ñ n wbfvB‡Z AvwQ| e‡jB jvBU wbwf‡q †`q Av‡jqv| Zvici ï‡q c‡o| jvjev‡Mi †Pqvig¨v‡bi Mwji `yB b¤^i Mwji GB NiUvq †kqv‡i _v‡K Av‡jqv| gvm wZ‡bK Av‡M GKiKg cvwj‡q G‡m‡Q MÖvg †_‡K| GKB MÖv‡gi †g‡q †ikwg Av‡M †_‡KB XvKvq KvR K‡i| Ii AvkÖ‡q G‡m D‡V‡Q Av‡jqv| Aí eqm, AweevwnZv †g‡q Avi †Kv_vq _vK‡e? GB evwo‡Z †gvU †lvj Lvbv Ni| B‡Ui Muv_ybx w`‡q Zvi Dci Kv‡Vi cvUvZb ˆZwi K‡i Dci wbP wgwj‡q `yB fv‡M Ni

29


ˆZwi K‡i‡Q gvwjK| cÖwZ fv‡M AvUwU K‡i Ni| GB iKg GKUv N‡ii †`vZjvi GKUv Ni Pvi nvRvi UvKvq fvov wb‡q‡Q †ikwg| †ikwgi ¯^vgx ivRwgw¯¿i KvR K‡i cyivb XvKvq| PviwU mš—v‡bi g‡a¨ eo †ikwgi †g‡q KzgKzg| eqm ev‡iv †Zi n‡e| †QvÆ GB NiUvq bvbvb wRwbmc‡Î VvmvVvwm| Zvig‡a¨ Iiv mvZRb gvbyl| N‡ii GK‡Kv‡b eo GKUv LvU †c‡Z Zvi Ici †ikgx ¯^vgx Avi †Q‡j‡`i wb‡q Nygvq| Avi †g‡qUv‡K wb‡q Av‡jqv wb‡P weQvbv †c‡Z Nygvq| mvivw`b KvR †k‡l evmvq wd‡i weQvbvq GKUz Avivg K‡i †h Nygv‡e Zvi †Kv‡bv Dcvq bvB| weQvbvq †kvqvi mv‡_ mv‡_ KzUKzU K‡i nv‡Z cv‡q wK‡m †hb Kvgov‡ZB _v‡K| evievi Nyg †f‡O hvq Av‡jqvi| Iw`‡K †ikgxi †QvU †QvU †Q‡j¸‡jvI gvSiv‡Z wPrKvi †PuPv‡gwP Ry‡o †`q| mevB Mv PzjKv‡Z _v‡K G‡jvcv_vwo| Ab¨w`‡K givi gZb Nygvq †ikgx| mvivw`b †QvUvQywU K‡i wVKv wS‡qi KvR K‡i, iv‡Z c‡o c‡o Nygvq| †kl‡gk Av‡jqv D‡V jvBU R¡vwj‡q Ly‡u R cvq bv wKQyB| eyS‡Z cv‡i Qvi‡cvKvÑ wbtk‡ã Kvgo w`‡qB jywK‡q c‡o Avov‡j| Zvici ïi“ nq cÖPÐ PzjKvwb| †QvU †QvU wewP‡Z f‡i hvq kixi| Av‡jqv wb‡Ri weQvbv Sv‡o, ev”Pv‡`i weQvbv †S‡o w`‡q ï‡q c‡o| Av‡avNyg Av‡av RvMi‡Y †K‡U hvq ivZ| mvg‡bB C`| Lye e¨¯—Zv I‡`i KviLvbvq| gvwjK AW©vi Av‡b, w÷‡ji †d«g ˆZwi n‡q Av‡m Ab¨ Av‡iK KviLvbv †_‡K| Iiv Pwjøk cÂvk Rb †g‡q wg‡j †d«g¸‡jv mvwR‡q †Zv‡j mycvi Møy jvwM‡q evnvwi cv_i Avi †jm w`‡q| mKvj AvUUv †_‡K ivZ AvUUv ch©š— P‡j KvR| gvSLv‡b GKUz mgq †`qv nq bvgvR Avi BdZvwii Rb¨| GKRb mycvifvBRvi †g‡q Ny‡i Ny‡i KvR †`‡L, fzj n‡j eKvSKv K‡i| Zvici GB Pzwo P‡j hvq XvKvi eo eo kwcs

30

gj¸‡jv‡Z| Ab¨ Av‡iKUv i“‡g ˆZwi nq Kv‡bi `yj Avi Mjvi gvjv| Z‡e me Kv‡bi `y‡ji mv‡_ Avevi gvjv nq bv, wKQy wKQy ïay `yj ˆZwi nq| †m‡nwi †L‡q GKUz bv Nygv‡ZB mvZUv †e‡R hvq| aogo K‡i D‡V ev_i“‡g wM‡q jvBb w`‡q `uvwo‡q _vK‡Z nq Av‡jqvi| cÖwZ AvU cwiev‡ii Rb¨ GKUv Uq‡jU Avi GKUv †MvmjLvbv| mKv‡j mevB Kv‡R †ei nq| †hgb fxo Uq‡j‡U †Zgwb †Mvmj Lvbvq| GKRb Uq‡j‡U †M‡jv †Zv Ab¨ Av‡iKRb cÖni ¸b‡Z _v‡K| nq‡Zv GiB g‡a¨ †ikgxI I‡V ivbœv N‡i Pzjvq jvBb w`‡q _v‡K| G‡K †Zv M¨vm _v‡K bv mvZUvi ci †_‡K †mB

†m‡nwi †L‡q GKUz bv Nygv‡ZB mvZUv †e‡R hvq| aogo K‡i D‡V ev_i“‡g wM‡q jvBb w`‡q `uvwo‡q _vK‡Z nq Av‡jqvi| cÖwZ AvU cwiev‡ii Rb¨ GKUv Uq‡jU Avi GKUv †MvmjLvbv

†ejv wZbUv Aewa Zvi Ici Pvi fvovwUqvi Rb¨ GKUv K‡i Pzjv eivÏ| †Kv‡bviKg GKUz fvZ Avjy †m× K‡i ev”Pv¸‡jvi Rb¨ †i‡L hvq †ikgx| Uq‡j‡Ui mvg‡b `uvwo‡q `uvwo‡q nvB †Zv‡j Av‡jqv| iv‡Z †divi mgq g¨v‡bRvi mßv‡ni c‡bi‡kv UvKv †eZb eywS‡q †`q| Av‡jqv UvKv †bevi mgq g¨v‡bRvi nvwee †hb B‡”Q K‡iB Ii nvZUv GKUz Qy‡u q †`q| Av‡jqv g¨v‡bRv‡ii †Pv‡Li w`‡K ZvKvq| cvb LvIqv †Vuv‡U wekÖx GKUv nvwm †`q nvwee| Av‡jqv UvKv wb‡q †ewi‡q Av‡m KviLvbv †_‡K| †iv‡Kqv, Avmgv

I‡`i mv‡_ iv¯—vq †b‡g Av‡m| mvivw`b †ivRv †i‡L Mjv ïwK‡q KvV n‡q _v‡K| ZvB mevB wg‡j AvBmwµg Lv‡e e‡j wVK K‡i| iv¯—vi cv‡kB GKUv Kb‡dKkbvwi‡Z †Xv‡K| †cvjv‡ii Kvc AvBmwµg nv‡Z wb‡q †L‡Z †L‡Z †ei n‡Z wM‡q _g‡K `uvovq Av‡jqv| g‡b n‡jv ReŸv‡ii gZb GKUv †Q‡j‡K †`L‡jv! Avmgvi Avov‡j wM‡q fv‡jv K‡i †Lqvj K‡i mvg‡bi †`vKvbUvi w`‡K| n¨uv ZvB †Zv! IUv ReŸvi| GLv‡b †Kgb K‡i G‡jv? †f‡e cvqbv Av‡jqv| Ii ey‡Ki †fZi Zxeª nvZzwo †cUv‡bvi kã n‡Z _v‡K| fv‡jv K‡i AuvPj †U‡b gyL gv_v Rwo‡q †bq Av‡jqv| GK Mwj Av‡MB Ii m½xiv we`vq wb‡j Av‡jqv `ª“Z cv Pvjvq| nVvr mvg‡b G‡m `uvovq ReŸvi| f‡q KzK u ‡o hvq Av‡jqv Ñ Zzwg Kx fve‡Qv? MÖvg †_BK¨v cjvqv AvBm¨v kn‡i jyKvqv _vKev? G‡Ëv †mvRv! Av‡i hvBev KB? wVK †Zvgv‡i Avwg evBi KBiv dvjvBwQ| Ñ c‡_i _b mBiv Lvovb| Avcbvi j‡M †Kv‡bv m¤úK© bvB Avgvi| hvb GBLvb †_vb| GKUz D”P ¯^‡iB e‡j I‡V Av‡jqv| _i_i K‡i Kuvc‡Z _v‡K Ii mg¯— kixi| Ñ †Zvgv‡i bv jBqv †Zv hvgybv Avwg| †Zvgvi gvgx †Zvgv‡i weqv w`‡ev Avgvi j‡M KBqv UvKv wb‡Q| Anb Zzwg bv KB‡j K¨vg‡b AB‡ev? UvKvI w`ev bv, †Zvgv‡iI cvgy bv? †nBW¨v K¨vg‡b Aq! †Kv‡bv Reve †`q bv Av‡jqv| evwoi †M‡Ui wfZi Xz‡K hvq| GKiKg †`Š‡o N‡i G‡m nuvdv‡Z _v‡K| †ikgx †QvU †Q‡jUv‡K fvZ LvIqv‡Z _v‡K weQvbvq e‡m| Av‡jqvi GiKg †`Š‡o Avmv †`‡L GKUz AevK n‡q Rvb‡Z Pvq Ñ wK‡i! f‚Z †`LQm g‡b Aq! Agb KBiv †KD †`Šovq? nv‡Zi e¨vMUv †i‡L Lv‡Ui wKbv‡i e‡m c‡o Av‡jqv| mg¯— kixi `i`i K‡i Nvg‡Q, gv_v wSgwSg Ki‡Q|


wKQyB eyS‡Z cv‡i bv| ReŸvi Kx K‡i Ii wVKvbv †c‡jv? Kx n‡e GLb? Ñ eyey iv¯—vq ReŸvi‡i †`Ljvg! Avwg Anb KB hvgy? Aq †Zv †Rvi KBiv Avgv‡i aBiv jqv hvB‡ev| Kuv`‡Z Kuv`‡Z †KvbiK‡g Rvbvq †ikgx‡K| Ñ Km Kx? Aq K¨vg‡b wVKvbv cvB‡jv? wbðqB †Zvi gvgx w`‡Q| nZevK n‡q ej‡Z _v‡K †ikgx| Ñ Gnb wK AB‡ev? Ñ fvwem bv, kn‡ii †_vb GKUv gvBqv‡i aBiv †bIb I‡Zv †mvRv bv| ev”Pv‡K LvIqv‡bv †kl K‡i nvZ ay‡Z ay‡Z e‡j †ikgx| AuvP‡j nvZ gy‡Q Av‡jqvi cv‡k G‡m e‡m| Ñ †kvb, ZzB `yB w`b Avmgvi j‡M hvBqv _vK| Avi KvBj Avgvi †eviLv cBiv Kv‡g hvwe| Zq‡Zv Aq †Zv‡i wPb‡Z cvi‡ev bv| Ñ Avmgv †Zv †ni RvgvB jBqv _v‡n| hw` Avgv‡i ivL‡Z ivwR bv Aq? Ñ RvgvB Av‡Q †Zv Kx AB‡Q? ZzB GK †Kvbvq cBov _vKwe| `yB w`b †Zv †gv‡W| †nici Avevi Avgvi j‡M _vKwe| mvšÍ¡bv †`q †ikgx| gbUv Akvš— n‡q Av‡Q Av‡jqvi| Gcvk Icvk K‡i weQvbvq wcV w`‡q| †Pv‡Li mvg‡b †f‡m I‡V ivRvcyi| †hLv‡b eo n‡q‡Q Av‡jqv| gvgxi fvB‡qi †Q‡j GB ReŸvi| Av‡jqvi gv gviv hvevi ci bvbxi Kv‡Q eo nq Av‡jqv| gv‡qi gyL g‡b Ki‡Z †M‡j Ii bvbxi gyLUvB †Pv‡Li mvg‡b †f‡m I‡V| evev ej‡Z hv‡K wPb‡Zv, †mB †QvU †ejvq †`‡L‡Q GKevi wK `yeviÑ Zvici ï‡b‡Q evev bZzb msmvi †c‡Z‡Q PvUMuvq| bvbxi AvkÖ‡q Av‡jqv Lye Avb‡›`B w`b KvwU‡q‡Q| gvgvi †ivRMv‡i msmvi Pj‡Zv †n‡m †L‡j| †QvÆ gyw`i †`vKvb †_‡K hv DcvR©b n‡ZvÑ wZbRb gvby‡li †ek P‡j †h‡Zv| Av‡jqvi UMe‡M ˆK‡kvi †hb P‡j †Mj GK wbwg‡lB| evoš— kix‡i †hŠe‡bi AvMgbÑ bvbx Lye `ywðš—vq _v‡K bvZwb‡K wb‡q| Mwi‡ei †g‡qi

I‡Zv iƒc †h _vK‡Z †bB! GI †h GK Awfkvc| †Pv‡Li Avovj n‡Z †`q bv bvZwb‡KÑ †Kv_vq KLb Avevi wec‡` c‡o AeyS †g‡qUv| Ljej K‡i K_v e‡j Av‡jqv, PÂjv nwiYxi gZb Qy‡U †eovq †g‡Vv c_ a‡i| Gw`‡K Av‡jqvi gvgvi we‡q wb‡q cvovcokxi Nyg nvivg| Av‡jqvi bvbx‡K GUv †mUv eySvq mevB| Av‡jqvi gvgvi GK K_vÑ fvwMœi we‡q bv w`‡q †Kv‡bvg‡ZB we‡q Ki‡e bv †m| Av‡jqvi bvbx A‡bK K‡i †evSvq †Q‡j‡K| †kl‡gk gv‡qi K_vq we‡q‡Z ivwR n‡jv Av‡jqvi gvgv iwng wgqv| †g¤^v‡ii †evb gwR©bvi mv‡_ we‡q n‡q †Mj iwng wgqvi| wK Kcvj

PzwcPzwc †ikgxi mv‡_ XvKvi j‡Â Zz‡j †`q Av‡jqv‡K| Av‡jqv Lye †Ku‡`‡Q gvgv‡K Rwo‡q a‡i| iwng wgqv GK nvRvi UvKv ¸u‡R †`q fvwMœi nv‡Z| †Ku‡` †Ku‡` ej‡Z _v‡KÑ †Zvi GB Aag gvgv‡i gvd KBiv w`m gv| Av‡jqviÑ gvgvi we‡qi ciciB RwÛ‡m gviv †Mj bvbx| bZzb gvgx‡K Av‡jqv hZUvB Avcb K‡i wb‡jvÑwVK Z‡ZvUvB gvgx †hb I‡K ci K‡i w`‡jv| evmb †avqv, ivbœv Kiv, Ni‡`vi mvd Ki‡Z Ki‡Z Av‡jqvi †mvbvi A‡½i `y‡a AvjZv iO gwjb n‡Z _v‡K| Zvig‡a¨ bZzb Dc`ª“e gvgxi fvB‡qi †Q‡j ReŸvi| wPcv wPcv Zvwj gviv wR‡Ýi c¨v›U Avi D™¢U gvK©v †cU D`vg Kiv kvU© c‡i Av‡jqvi mv‡_ fve Rgv‡Z Av‡m| hLb ZLb Av‡jqvi Mv‡q nvZ w`‡Z Zvi GZUzKz KzÉv‡eva †bB| KzK u ‡o _v‡K Av‡jqv| gvgxI bvbvb Qy‡Zvq

evievi Av‡jqv‡K ReŸv‡ii Kv‡Q cvVvq| mvivw`b N‡i _v‡K bv iwng wgqv, hvi Kvi‡Y eyS‡Z cv‡i bv A‡bK wKQyB| wKš‘ fvwMœUvi w`‡K bRi co‡jB eyKUv Zvi û û K‡i I‡V| dz‡ji gZb †g‡qUv †Kgb gb giv n‡q _v‡K mvivw`b| gwR©bv D‡V c‡o †j‡M‡QÑ ReŸv‡ii mv‡_ Av‡jqvi we‡q †`evi Rb¨| MÖv‡gi mevB Rv‡bÑ j¤úU ReŸvi Kw`b Av‡MB al©Y gvgjvq †Rj †_‡K Qvov †c‡q‡Q| cuvP eQi †Rj †L‡U †ei“‡bv †Q‡ji Kv‡Q †K †g‡q we‡q †`‡e? ZvB †Zv gwR©bv UvKvi †jv‡f fvwMœ‡K Zz‡j w`‡Z Pvq ReŸv‡ii nv‡Z| †hw`b cÖ_g iwng wgqvi Kv‡b we‡qi K_v †Zv‡j gwR©bvÑ †Z‡j †e¸‡b R¡‡j I‡V iwng wgqv| IiKg GK j¤ú‡Ui nv‡Z †Kv‡bviK‡gB fvwMœ‡K Zz‡j †`‡e bv iwng| ZvB †Zv PzwcPzwc †ikgxi mv‡_ XvKvi j‡Â Zz‡j †`q Av‡jqv‡K| Av‡jqv Lye †Ku‡`‡Q gvgv‡K Rwo‡q a‡i| iwng wgqv GK nvRvi UvKv ¸u‡R †`q fvwMœi nv‡Z| †Ku‡` †Ku‡` ej‡Z _v‡KÑ †Zvi GB Aag gvgv‡i gvd KBiv w`m gv| †ikgx Pzwoi KviLvbvq KvR †RvMvo K‡i †`q Av‡jqvi| cÖ_g cÖ_g mßv‡n mvZ‡kv UvKvq KvR K‡i Av‡jqv| Lye `ª“Z KvR wk‡L †bq Av‡jqv| GLb gvB‡b Wvej n‡q‡Q| mßv‡n c‡bi‡kv K‡i cvq| A‡a©K P‡j hvq †ikgxi mv‡_ Lvevi, Avi Ni fvov †kqvi K‡i| ZvI †ek hvw”Q‡jv| gv‡S gv‡S †ikgxi e‡ii bvbvb Qy‡Zvq Av‡jqvi kixi nvZ‡o †eov‡bvÑ `g eÜ K‡i †g‡b †bq Av‡jqv| ïay AvkÖqnxb n‡q co‡e e‡j NyYv¶‡iI Rvb‡Z †`q bv †ikgx‡K| g‡b g‡b fv‡eÑ †`‡Lï‡b fv‡jv GKUv †Q‡j‡K we‡q K‡i GKw`b wVK P‡j hv‡e †ikgxi KvQ †_‡K| ZLb †Zv Avi †ikgxi ei DrcvZ Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv| wbN©yg Av‡jqv †eviLv c‡i c‡iiw`b KviLvbvq G‡jv| mnKvix g¨v‡bRvi †Zv †`‡L AevKÑ

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Ñ wK NUbv Av‡jqv, Zzwg †h †eviLv Av‡jqv‡K| wec‡` GKUv †g‡qi cv‡k g‡a¨| Zß †VuvU `y‡Uv †P‡c a‡i‡Q Av‡jqvi †Vuv‡U| GZ †QvU RvqMvq ci‡Qv? †KD jvM‡Q eywS †Zvgvi Av‡iKUv †g‡q bv `uvov‡jÑ †K †cQ‡b? `uvov‡e? wKš‘ Avmgvi NiUv GZB †QvU Av‡jqvi †hLv‡b wb‡Ri Kó n‡”Q †mLv‡b Av‡iv GKUv gvbyl! Av‡jqvi †Kv‡bv K_v e‡j bv Av‡jqv| †mvRv GKUv †PŠwK ivLvi ci Avi †Kvb P‡j hvq †fZ‡i| DmLym Ki‡Z _v‡K RvqMvB †bB N‡ii g‡a¨| †PŠwKi wb‡P `geÜ n‡q hvevi †RvMvo| nvZ w`‡q hZB miv‡Z PvB‡Q ZZB I‡K ey‡Ki mnKvix g¨v‡bRvi KzÏmy | Av‡jqv‡K nvwocvwZj, Uªv¼, Pv‡ji e¯—v Av‡iv g‡a¨ k³ K‡i ai‡Q Avmgvi ¯^vgx| †h Ii fxlY fv‡jv jv‡M| wKš‘ KZ wK w`‡q †evSvB K‡i ivLv| Zvi gwiqv n‡q †Muv †Muv kã Ki‡Z _v‡K †Kv‡bvg‡ZB †g‡qUv‡K ev‡M Avb‡Z Dci Avmgvi GKUv bb` _v‡K I‡`i cvi‡Q bv KzÏmy | KZ †g‡q G‡jv mv‡_| †PŠwK‡Z e‡mB Iiv Lvq, Nygvq, Av‡jqv| Wvb nvZ w`‡q gyL †P‡c a‡i gvbylUv| †M‡jv GB KviLvbvqÑ Av‡jqv Mí¸Re K‡i| Avmgvi ¯^vgx RyZvi †Ku‡` I‡V Avmgvi ev”PvUv| Nyg Ab¨iKg GKUv †g‡q| cixi gZb KviLvbvq KvR K‡i| †Kgb K‡i †hb †f‡O hvq Avmgvi| gyw³ cvq my›`i, big gvL‡bi gZb †`L‡Z ZvKvq †jvKUv| Av‡jqv‡K †`‡LB Av‡jqv| KLb †hb weQvbvq D‡V †M‡Q GKUv kixi| Kzχy mi B‡”Q K‡i ey‡Ki A‡bK¶Y ZvwK‡q _v‡K| Av‡jqvi Avmgvi ¯^vgx| evwjk Rwo‡q a‡i g‡a¨ †P‡c a‡i †g‡qUv‡K| Lvwj cv‡i eyKUv †Ku‡c I‡V Ii PvDwb‡Z| iv‡Z wbtk‡ã †Ku‡` P‡j Av‡jqv| GLv‡b bv wb‡Ri GKUv eD Av‡QÑ hw` gvwjK †Zgb wKQyB †L‡jv bv Av‡jqv| Avi _vKv hv‡e bv, bZzb AvkÖq LyR u ‡Z Rvb‡Z cv‡i PvKwiUvB P‡j hv‡e| †PŠwKi Ici Avmgv Ii ¯^vgx, ev”Pv n‡e Av‡jqv‡K| g‡b g‡b wVK K‡i mvivw`b GZ¸‡jv †g‡qi g‡a¨ KvR Avi bb`‡K wb‡q ï‡q c‡o| KzÏmy ‡KB ej‡e mgm¨vi K_v| K‡i kixiUv †Kgb Pbgb K‡i c‡iiw`b KviLvbvi mvg‡b wM‡q Kzχy mi| `y‡Uv ev”Pv nIqvi ci Ii nZf¤^ n‡q hvq Av‡jqv| ReŸvi eDUv GKUv nvwZi gZb †`L‡Z `uvwo‡q Av‡Q †M‡U| †hB Av‡jqv n‡q‡Q| †`L‡j Kzχy mi Mv R¡vjv K‡i †Ku‡` XzK‡Z hv‡e Agwb ReŸvi Ii I‡V| Avi GB Av‡jqvÑ ZzjZz‡j I‡V Avmgvi †eviLv nu¨vPKv Uv‡b Ly‡j †d‡j| big Ava‡dvUv dzj| ev”PvUv| Nyg †f‡O hvq `yc‡y i Lvev‡ii mgq †fZi Av‡jqv wPrKvi K‡i D‡V Avmgvi| gyw³ cvq Av‡jqv| †_‡K Av‡jqv‡K †W‡K Av‡b Avmgv‡K Rwo‡q a‡i| †fZi KzÏmy | gvSLv‡b Kv‡Ri duv‡K †_‡K `v‡ivqvb Avi KzÏmy KLb †hb weQvbvq D‡V †M‡Q †`‡L‡Q Av‡jqv †Kgb Avbgbv Qy‡U Av‡m Avmgvi ¯^vgx| evwjk Rwo‡q a‡i n‡q Av‡Q| Ñ †K Avc‡b? KviLvbvi wbtk‡ã †Ku‡` P‡j Av‡jqv| Ñ mKv‡j †Zv KBjvbv, wK †g‡q‡Mv wei³ KiZv‡Qb? nB‡Q †Zvgvi? Avgv‡i KI, †`wn KzÏmy û¼vi w`‡q I‡V| GLv‡b Avi _vKv hv‡e bv, †Kvb mgvavb Kib hvq wKbv! GKnv‡Z Avovj K‡i iv‡L bZzb AvkÖq LyuR‡Z n‡e D`MÖxe n‡q Rvb‡Z Pvq KzÏmy | Avmgv Avi Av‡jqv‡K| Ab¨ Av‡jqv‡K Pzc K‡i _v‡K Av‡jqv wKQyUv nv‡Z Kjvi †P‡c a‡i ReŸv‡ii| mgq| ejv wVK n‡e wKbvÑ wb‡RB `v‡ivqvbI a‡i iv‡L ReŸvi‡K| eyS‡Z cv‡i bv| Zvici Av‡¯— Av‡¯— Ñ †ni j‡M Avgvi weqvi KZv AB‡Q| gyL †Lv‡j cjvqv AvBm¨v co‡Q XvKvq| †ni Ñ eo wec‡` cowQ, wK Kigy eyS‡Z gvgx A‡bK UvKv LvB‡Q Avgvi †_vb| †d¬v‡i †hUzKz RvqMv evwK Av‡QÑ cviZvwQ bv| MÖvg †_BK¨v AvBm¨v Gnb UvKv †`I‡bi bvg MÜ bvB| Av‡jqv †Kv‡bviK‡g wPKb n‡q ï‡q cowQ hvi Kvi‡Y †nq Anb XvKvq! †n‡i Avwg jBqv hvB‡Z AvBwQ| iv‡M c‡o| Ñ Kx KI? †Zvgv‡i LyBR¨v cvB‡Q? MR©v‡Z _v‡K ReŸvi| `ywðš—vq †Pv‡Li cvZv GK nq bv e¨vKzj KÉ Kzχy mi Ñ IB wgqv, g‡Mi gyjøK y cvB‡Qvwb? Av‡jqvi| †Kv_vq hv‡e, Kvi Kv‡Q Ñ n, †nq Rv‡b Avwg KB _vwn| g‡b KB‡jv Zzwg GKRb‡i ZzBj¨v hv‡eÑ †f‡e †f‡e w`‡knviv n‡q Ñ KviLvbv wPb‡Q n¨vq? GB RvqMvq c‡o| nVvr g‡b n‡jv †KD GKRb Ii wbev? †`‡k wK AvBb Kvbyb bvB? AvB‡ev †Zvgv‡i LyR u ‡Z? Av‡i I‡Zv KzÏmy ReŸv‡ii Kjvi SvKv‡Z SvKv‡Z Mv †Nu‡l ï‡q c‡o‡Q| `y‡Uv †ivgk WivI K¨vb? Avgiv AvwQbv! wcWvqv nvZ QUdU Ki‡Q Ii kix‡ii †fZi| ej‡Z _v‡K| †ni Pvgov LyBj¨v nvjvgy| †nt †nt eyS‡Z †`wi nq bv Av‡jqvi| Avmgvi Ñ iv‡nb wgqv Avg‡bi AvBb Kvbyb! K‡i ex‡ivwPZ nvwm nv‡m KzÏmy | †n‡i Avwg wbgyB wbgy| ¯^vgx GiB g‡a¨ †PŠwK †_‡K †b‡g iv‡Z Avmgvi N‡i AvkÖq †bq ïi“ nq cÖPÐ `¯—v`w¯—| K‡qKUv G‡m‡Q Ii cv‡k| `y‡Uv nvZ w`‡q k³ wKj _vào w`‡q †mw`‡bi gZb K‡i †P‡c a‡i‡Q Av‡jqv‡K ey‡Ki Av‡jqv| Avmgv mv`‡i MÖnY K‡i

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ReŸvi‡K we`vq K‡i `v‡ivqvb Avi KzÏmy | Kzχy mi GB ex‡ivwPZ Kv‡R K…ZÁZvi fvlv Ly‡u R cvq bv Av‡jqv| †mw`b mܨvi Av‡MB KviLvbv QywU n‡q hvq| KzÏmy Av‡MB Av‡jqv‡K e‡j †i‡L‡Q QywUi c‡i K_v e‡j hvevi Rb¨| Avm‡j Av‡jqvI PvBwQ‡jv KzÏmy †hb I‡K †ikgxi evmvq †cuŠ‡Q †`q| mevB P‡j †M‡j KzÏmy GKUv wiKkv wb‡q Av‡jqv‡K †mvRv †ewoeuv‡a wb‡q Av‡m| †ewo euv‡ai Ici w`‡q Pj‡Q wiKkv| Av‡jqv Romo n‡q e‡m _v‡K Kzχy mi cv‡k| wmK`vi †gwW‡Kj K‡j‡Ri Kv‡Q G‡m wiKkv †Q‡o †`q KzÏmy | RvqMvUv fvwi my›`i| A‡bK ai‡bi MvQMvQvwj‡Z fwZ© nvmcvZv‡ji K¨v¤úvm| wbwiwewj K_v ejvi Rb¨ Gi †P‡q fv‡jv RvqMv Avi nqbv| `yR‡b wg‡j nvmcvZv‡ji †cQ‡bi cyKiz cv‡o wM‡q e‡m| bvbvb Rv‡Zi dz‡j †Q‡q Av‡Q Avkcvk| `w¶Yv VvÐv evZv‡m gb f‡i hvq| †divi c‡_ Avi

†eviLv c‡iwb Av‡jqv| mKv‡ji Uvbv n¨vPovq †eviLvi Dc‡ii AskUv wQu‡o Sy‡j c‡o‡Q wekÖxfv‡e| Iobvi AuvPj ZR©bx‡Z c¨uvPv‡Z _v‡K Av‡jqv| Ñ wK wVK Ki‡Qv? AvBR ivB‡Z KB _vKev? cÖ_‡gB K_v e‡j I‡V KzÏmy | GKnv‡Z Rwo‡q a‡i iv‡L Av‡jqv‡K| Ñ wKQyB eyS‡Z cviZvwQ bv| Avmgvi evmvq hvIb hvB‡ev bv| †iv‡Kqv‡i ejwQjvgÑ Iiv wZbRb GKR‡bi ivbœv N‡i ivB‡Z Nygvq| GZ †QvW ivbœv Ni, Avgvi RvqMv nB‡ev bv| Avi †Zv †KD‡i wPwbbv Avwg| †ikgx eyi Kv‡QB wdiv hvIb jvM‡ev| hw` wb‡Ri GKLvb Ni _vK‡Zv, Zq wK Avi GZ fveb jvM‡Zv? KvbœvRwoZ K‡É e‡j Av‡jqv| ÑAvgv‡i weqv Kiev? Avwg †Zvgvi me `vwqZ¡ wbgy| ûU K‡iB e‡j †d‡j KzÏmy | †hb eûKvj a‡i GB K_vUv R‡g wQ‡jv Ii ey‡Ki †fZi| we¯§‡q nZevK Av‡jqv ZvwK‡q _v‡K Kzχy mi

w`‡K| f¨vevP¨vKv †L‡q e‡j I‡V Ñ Avg‡bi eD Av‡Q, ev”Pv Av‡QÑ Avg‡bi wK gv_vWv Lvivc nBqv M¨v‡Q? Ñ gb w`qv †nvb Av‡jqv, gymjgvb cyi“l PvBi Lvb weqv Ki‡Z cv‡i| Avi LvIqvgy Avwg, Avgvi eDi wK mgm¨v? †Zvgvi Ggb wec‡` Avwg hw` cv‡k bv LvivB ZvB‡j K¨vg‡b Aq? †Zvgvi GKUv AvkÖq `iKvi Av‡jqv| †nBW¨v Avwg w`gy †Zvgv‡i| Ggb `yw`©‡b Av‡jqv †hb Av‡jv Ly‡u R cvq| KzÏmy ‡K g‡b nq cig eÜz| †nvK KzÏmy weevwnZ, ZeyI †Zv Av‡jqvi Rb¨ weivU GK AvkÖq| wb‡Ri GKUv Ni n‡e Av‡jqvi, eÜzi gZb KzÏmy I‡K AvM‡j ivL‡e me wec` †_‡K| wKš‘ cÖ_g eD Avi ev”Pv‡`i wK n‡e? Ñ Avg‡bi Av‡Mi eD Avi ev”Pv‡Mv Kx AB‡ev? D`MÖxe n‡q Rvb‡Z Pvq Av‡jqv| Ñ n¨vivI _vK‡ev| Zzwg †Zv Avi

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n¨v‡Mv j‡M _vKev bv| GBnv‡b †Zvgv‡i ivûg Avwg| nvRvixev‡Mi evmvq n¨v‡Mv‡i LiPcvwZ w`gy Pj‡bi jvBM¨v| Aejxjvq e‡j P‡j KzÏmy | Kzχy mi mv‡_ we‡qi K_v ï‡b gv_vq †hb AvKvk †f‡O c‡o †ikgxi| hv‡”Q ZvB e‡j Mvwj †`q Av‡jqv‡K| GKUv weevwnZ cyi“l‡K †Kvb Av‡°‡j Av‡jqv we‡q Ki‡Z PvB‡QÑ gv_vq a‡i bv †ikgxi| †kl ch©š— Av‡jqvi K_vq m¤§Z nq †ikgx| Av‡jqv Lye my›`i K‡i †ikgx‡K †evSvqÑ c„w_exi me cyi“lB GK, we‡qi Av‡M †hUzKz fv‡jv _v‡K we‡qi ci mevB GKB iKg n‡q hvq| ZvQvov Ii GKUv AvkÖq `iKvi, KZw`b Avi †ikgxi gv_vi †evSv n‡q _vK‡e! †k‡l hw` ReŸvi †ikgxi mš—vb‡`i †Kv‡bv ¶wZ K‡i †`q! Kzχy mi mv‡_ c‡ii w`bB we‡q n‡q hvq Av‡jqvi| wKš‘ KzÏm y kZ© †`q GB we‡qi K_v KviLvbvi †KD †hb bv Rv‡b| †ikgx Avi Zvi RvgvB Ges Kzχy mi `y‡Uv eÜzB ïay Rvb‡e GB we‡qi Lei| `yR‡bB Av‡Mi gZb KvR Ki‡e KviLvbvq| Av‡jqv‡K KzÏm y jvj GKUv Uv½vB‡ji kvwo wK‡b w`‡q‡Q| BdZvwii c‡i †mB kvwo c‡i Av‡jqv †ikgxi mv‡_ jvjevM KvRx Awd‡m Av‡m| mv‡_ †ikgxi eiI Av‡m| Ab¨w`‡K KzÏm y mv`v i‡Oi cvÄvwe-cvRvgv Avi Uzwc gv_vq w`‡q Av‡m `yRb eÜz‡K mv‡_ K‡i| Av‡Mi we‡qi K_v †Mvcb K‡i cÂvk nvRvi UvKv Abv`vqx †`b‡gvni avh© K‡i we‡q n‡q †Mj KzÏm y Avi Av‡jqvi| wgwó gyL K‡i c‡ii w`b bZzb evmvq DV‡e wVK K‡i †h hvi evmvq wd‡i †Mj we‡qi c‡i| Av‡jqv P‡j G‡jv †ikgxi evmvq| GKUv ivZ c‡iB ïi“ n‡e Ii bZzb Rxeb| h_vixwZ KviLvbvq G‡jv `yR‡bB Av‡Mi gZb| wKš‘ KzÏm y ‡K †`‡L Av‡jqvi gbUv †Kgb †hb GK Avb‡›` f‡i I‡V| mܨvi c‡i AvRB Iiv bZzb evmvq DV‡e| wb‡Ri GKUv Ni, †QvÆ msmviÑ †Kgb GK wkniY e‡q

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hvq Av‡jqvi †fZi| Av‡MB ejv Av‡QÑ KzÏm y Mwji †gv‡o Ii Rb¨ A‡c¶v Ki‡e| Zvici †ikgxi evmv †_‡K Av‡jqv e¨vM wb‡q G‡m wgwjZ n‡e Kzχy mi mv‡_| jvjevM †Kjøvi cvk w`‡q wPcv GKUv Mwj‡Z †Xv‡K wiKkv| mvg‡b GZUvB msKxY© c_ wiKkv Avi †h‡Z cv‡i bv| wiKkv †_‡K †b‡g cv‡q †nu‡U G‡Mvq `yR‡b| †Kv_vI †Kv_vI †Wªb Dc‡P iv¯—v ˆ_ ˆ_ Ki‡Q †bvsiv R‡j| †Kv_vI Avevi g¨vb‡nvj Dc‡P gvby‡li e‡R©¨ _K_‡K n‡q Av‡Q iv¯—v| GK evwoi mv‡_ Mv †Nulv‡Nuwl K‡i `uvwo‡q Av‡iK evwo| Ae‡k‡l fvOv Romo GKZjv GKUv evwoi †MU w`‡q XzK‡jv KzÏm y Avi Av‡jqv|

I‡`i c_ †`wL‡q wb‡q P‡j Qv‡`| Ge‡ov †_e‡ov, fvOv †Pviv wmuwo w`‡q Qv‡` D‡V Av‡m Av‡jqv Avi KzÏmy | †Kgb †hb fq fq jv‡M Av‡jqvi| GZ cyi‡bv evwo, Giv †f‡O †Kb bZzb evwo evbvq bv? Av‡jqvi g‡bi K_v †hb †Ui cvq †Kqvi‡UKvi| wb‡R wb‡RB ej‡Z _v‡K Ñ gvwjK eû eQi Av‡gwiKvq _v‡K| Avwm Avwm KBivI Av‡m bv| Avgv‡i _vK‡Z w`‡Q, †`nvïbv Kwi GB AviwK! †eBPv dvjvB‡Z KB †nI †e‡P bv| eo †jv‡Ki RwgÑ cBiv Av‡Q! GZ wMwÄ RvqMvÑ †W‡fjcviI wb‡Z Pvq bv| Qv‡`i Dc‡i wP‡j‡KvVvi Ni| cøv÷vi L‡m co‡Q Iqv‡ji| †QvÆ NiUvi GKcv‡k GKUv Rvbvjv, Dc‡i wU‡bi Pvj| N‡ii GK †Kvbvq GKUv †PŠwK ivLv| †PŠwKi Ici †ZvlK XvKv Pv`i weQv‡bv| `y‡Uv evwjk kn‡i Ggb †Lvjv ivLv| KzÏm y w`‡b G‡m †ZvlK evwjk wK‡b ¸wQ‡q †i‡L Qv` wPš—vB Kiv hvq bv| †M‡Q| lvU cvIqv‡ii GKUv hw`I Avkcv‡ki evwo¸‡jv evj¦ Syj‡Q gv_vi Ici| GZUvB DuPz DuPz †h GB GKZjv nv‡Zi e¨vM Avi UzwKUvwK wRwbm wb‡P †i‡L weQvbvq evwoUv †_‡K Dc‡ii AvKvk e‡m c‡o Av‡jqv| Qvov Avi wKQyB †`Lv hvq †Kqvi‡UKvi P‡j †M‡j bv| ZeyI AvKvk †h †Lvjv Qv‡` wM‡q `uvovq| GK †KvYvq GKUv jvBU R¡j‡Q| †`Lv hvqÑ GB †mLv‡bB wb‡P GKUv ivbœvi Pzjv| A‡bK! cv‡k cvwbi U¨vswKi mv‡_ GKUv Kj jvMv‡bv †avqv †gvQv Avi †Mvmj Kivi R‡b¨| †Kqvi‡UKvi Dc‡i IVvi mgq †`wL‡q w`‡q‡Q wmuwoi wb‡PB Uq‡j‡Ui wUgwU‡g GKUv jvBU R¡j‡Q cyi‡bv, e¨e¯’v| RivRxY© evwoUvi eviv›`vq| Aí Qv‡` G‡m gbUv fv‡jv n‡q hvq Av‡jvq †Kgb fzZ‡z o jvM‡Q Av‡jqvi| XvKv kn‡i Ggb †Lvjv Qv` evwoUv‡K| wPš—vB Kiv hvq bv| hw`I Avkcv‡ki fvOv Kv‡Vi `iRvq †UvKv w`‡ZB evwo¸‡jv GZUvB DuPz DuPz †h GB evwoi †Kqvi †UKvi G‡m `iRv Ly‡j GKZjv evwoUv †_‡K Dc‡ii AvKvk †`q| KzÏmy ‡K †`‡L GKMvj nv‡m Qvov Avi wKQyB †`Lv hvq bv| ZeyI †Q‡jUv| †evSv hvq Av‡Mi cwiwPZ| AvKvk †h †`Lv hvqÑ GB A‡bK! GKUz Sy‡u K †fZ‡i ZvKvq Av‡jqv| g‡b g‡b fv‡e Av‡jqv| Av‡jqv‡K †PŠwK‡Z `y‡Uv ev”Pv Nywg‡q Av‡Q Avi y †ewi‡q hvq evB‡i| GKUv gwnjv weQvbvq e‡m fvZ Lv‡”Q| N‡i †i‡L KzÏm GZ¶Y mgq Av‡jqv wb‡Ri e¨vM Av‡jqv eyS‡Z cv‡i nq‡Zv GB †_‡K wRwbmcÎ †ei K‡i| Avqbv †ei †jvKUvi eD n‡e IB gwnjv| †Kqvi K‡i wb‡Ri Aeqe †`‡L| †Kgb GK †UKvi Pvwe wb‡q GKUv UP© nv‡Z K‡i


Lywki eb¨v e‡q hvq Av‡jqvi Aeqe Ry‡o| wb‡Ri gZb K‡i _vK‡eÑ †nvK fvOv‡Pviv Ni! ZeyI wb‡Ri, GKvš— Avcbvi| †Vuv‡U N‡l N‡l wjwcw÷K jvMvq| wPi“wb w`‡q cwicvwU K‡i Pzj AuvPovq| Zvici GKUv †ebx K‡i wc‡V Sywj‡q iv‡L| `yB c¨v‡KU wewiqvwb Avi cvwbi †evZj wb‡q †d‡i KzÏm y | weQvbvi GK †KvYvq iv‡L Ñ Ni cQ›` nB‡Q †Mv eD? KvBj nuvwocvwZj wKbyg, evRvi Ki“g| Zzwg wb‡Ri nv‡Z KvBj ivbev| ej‡Z ej‡Z Av‡jqv‡K Rwo‡q a‡i KzÏm y | c‡KU †_‡K †QvÆ GKUv jvj Mnbvi c¨v‡KU †ei K‡i Av‡jqvi nv‡Z †`q KzÏm y | wK GBWv? we¯§‡qi †Nvi †hb Kv‡U bv Av‡jqvi| LyBj¨v †`‡nv! inm¨gq nvwm †`q KzÏm y | bvKdzj! c¨v‡KU Ly‡j Avb‡›` Sjgj K‡i Av‡jqvi †PvL `y‡Uv| Kzχy mi ey‡K cig my‡L gv_v iv‡L Av‡jqv| Avi †Kv‡bv wPš—v bvBÑ wb‡Ri GKUv ¯^vgx Av‡Q, Ni Av‡Q Av‡jqvi| Ab¨ †Kv‡bv cyi“l Avi hš¿Yv w`‡Z mvnm cv‡e bv| C‡`i c‡i †ek wKQyw`b KviLvbv eÜ _v‡K| KzÏm y gv‡S gv‡S Av‡Mi eD ev”Pvi Kv‡Q hvq, †Kv‡bvw`b w`‡b †Kv‡bvw`b iv‡Z| Lye ¸wQ‡q msmvi K‡i Av‡jqv| my‡Li cøve‡b †f‡m hvq Av‡jqvi Rxeb| ïay iv‡Z weQvbvq ï‡j c‡i Avevi †mB Qvi‡cvKvi Kvgo| bZzb weQvbv evwj‡k wK K‡i Qvi‡cvKv n‡jv †f‡e cvq bv Av‡jqv| c‡i eyS‡Z cv‡i wb‡Ri Kvco †Pvc‡oi mv‡_B †ikgxi Ni †_‡K Qvi‡cvKv G‡m Av¯—vbv †M‡o‡Q Ii N‡i| Qv‡` wb‡q †iŠ‡`ª w`‡q weQvbv evwjk †S‡o cwi®‹vi K‡i Av‡b| `yw`b ci Avevi †mB cyi‡bv DrcvZ| KzUKzU K‡i Kvgovq mviv ivZ| GKgvm c‡i Avevi KviLvbv Pvjy nq| mvg‡bB †Kvievwbi C`, `yM©vc~Rv| cy‡iv D‡`¨v‡g KvR ïi“ nq KviLvbvq| GKw`b mܨvq Av‡jqvi †Kv‡j

gv_v †i‡L LybmywU Ki‡Q KzÏm y | Av‡jqv Kzχy mi Pzj †U‡b w`‡”Q †Kvgj AvOy‡ji ¯ú‡k©| GB GKgv‡m msmv‡i A‡bK wKQy K‡i‡Q Av‡jqv| GKUv Avjbv wK‡b‡Q, †QvÆ GKUv Kv‡Vi †Uwej wK‡b‡Q mv‡_ cøvw÷‡Ki `y‡Uv †gvov| C‡`i †evbv‡mi UvKv w`‡q GKUv w÷‡ji ZvK wK‡b‡Q| wb‡Ri msmvi †`‡L wb‡RiB †Kgb †PvL Rywo‡q hvq| Kzχy mi Av`i †mvnv‡M kixiUvI †Kgb †mvnvMx n‡q D‡V‡Q Av‡jqvi| nVvr evB‡i †Kgb aygavg k‡ã AuvZ‡K I‡V Av‡jqv| jvd w`‡q †PŠwK †_‡K †b‡g `iRv †Lv‡j KzÏm y | ûogyo K‡i N‡i †Xv‡K †gvUv GK gwnjvÑ mv‡_ Av‡iv `yRb cyi“l †jvK| G‡`i †`‡LB fo‡K hvq KzÏm y | gwnjv wPrKvi K‡i ej‡Z _v‡KÑ Ñ bvBU wWDwU KiQ? GB †Zvi bvBU wWDwU? nvivgRv`v AvBR †Zvi GKw`b wK Avgvi GKw`b! weqv Ki‡Qv? QyUvgy †Zvgvi weqv? IB nvivgRv`x, †Kvb gv‡qi gvBq¨v ZzB? weqv Ki‡Yi G‡Zv kL? Avi e¨vWv cvBwj bv nvivgRv`x? ej‡Z ej‡Z Av‡jqvi Pz‡ji gywV a‡i wc‡Vi Ici G‡jvcv_vwo wKj gvi‡Z jvM‡jv IB †gvUv gwnjv| gv‡ii †Pv‡U w`‡knviv n‡q c‡o Av‡jqv| eyS‡Z cv‡i GB gwnjv Kzχy mi Av‡Mi eD, mv‡_ cyi“l `yRbÑ GKRb Kzχy mi eÜz Av‡jqvi we‡q‡Z Dcw¯’Z wQ‡jv Avi Ab¨Rb KviLvbvi g¨v‡bRvi| cÖPÐ ˆn ˆP Avi gvivgvwi K‡i KzÏm y ‡K wb‡q P‡j hvq mevB| bv wM‡q Kzχy mi †Kv‡bv Dcvq wQ‡jv bv| KviLvbvi gvwj‡Ki Kv‡Ri †g‡q we‡q K‡i‡Q KzÏm y Ñ hvi wewbg‡q GB PvKwi Ry‡U‡Q Kzχy mi| G Kvb †m Kvb K‡i Kw`b Av‡MB KzÏm y Avi Av‡jqvi we‡qi Lei †cuŠ‡Q hvq Kzχy mi cÖ_g ¯¿xi Kv‡Q| Kzχy mi ¯¿x bvwjk K‡i gvwj‡Ki Kv‡Q| gvwjK g¨v‡bRvi‡K ûKzg †`q KzÏm y ‡K a‡i wb‡Z| g¨v‡bRvi nvwee Av‡jqv nvZ †_‡K Qy‡U hvIqvq weM‡o hvq g‡b g‡b| my‡hv‡Mi A‡c¶vq _v‡K wK K‡i

Av‡jqvi Ici cÖwZ‡kva †b‡e| KzÏmy Av‡jqv‡K †c‡q †M‡Q fve‡jB wnsmvq R¡‡j I‡V Ii kixi| ZvB‡Zv †gv¶g my‡hvM Kv‡R jvMv‡Z Qy‡U Av‡m Kzχy mi eD‡K mn‡hvwMZv Ki‡Z| Kzχy mi cÖ_g eD‡qi mv‡_ †mI `yÕ GK Nv jvMvq Av‡jqv Avi Kzχy mi kix‡i| G‡jv‡g‡jv N‡ii †g‡S‡Z wbtm½ c‡o _v‡K Av‡jqv| wekvj GK S‡o jÐfÐ n‡q †M‡Q Ii mvRv‡bv msmvi| wbPZjvi eDUv G‡m wKQy wRwbm ¸wQ‡q w`‡q P‡j hvq| gvSiv‡Z `iRv eÜ K‡i ï‡q c‡o Av‡jqv| ivbœv Kiv fvZ, gyiwMi gvsm c‡o _v‡K †mj‡d Ñ Qy‡u qI †`‡L bv Av‡jqv| †Pv‡L gy‡L AÜKvi †`L‡Z cvq| ¯^vgx †Mj, PvKwiUv †MjÑ wK n‡e GLb Av‡jqvi? †Kv_vq hv‡e? †Pv‡Li cvwbI †hb ïwK‡q †M‡Q| mviv kixi e¨_vq UbUb Ki‡Q| g¨v‡bRvi cvKv‡cv³fv‡eB wb‡q †M‡Q KzÏm y ‡K| Lvwj ÷v‡¤ú Av‡jqvi mB wb‡q †M‡Q| GKv, Amnvq Av‡jqv wK”Qy Ki‡Z cvi‡jv bv| Lvwj c‡o c‡o gvi †L‡q‡Q IB `¾vj gwnjvi| Avevi KzUKzU Kvgov‡Z _v‡K Qvi‡cvKv| Amn¨ Kvg‡o weQvbvq D‡V e‡m Av‡jqv| e¨_vZzi kixi wb‡q jvBU Ab K‡i LyR u ‡Z _v‡K Qvi‡cvKv| bvn&! GKUvI cvq bv Ly‡u R| Avevi jvBU eÜ K‡i ï‡q c‡o| †hB †kvq Agwb Kvgov‡Z jvM‡jv Qvi‡cvKv| †k‡l D‡V e‡m Av‡jqv| `iRv Ly‡j weQvbv, Pv`i, evwjk, msmv‡ii me wKQy Qv‡` G‡b R‡ov K‡i| Pzjvi cvk †_‡K jvBUvi wb‡q G‡m Pv`‡ii GK †Kvbvq Av¸b awi‡q †`q| Av‡¯— Av‡¯— Av¸b Qwo‡q co‡Z _v‡K me wKQy‡Z| cyo‡Z _v‡K weQvbv evwjk, Av‡jqvi msmvi| †mBmv‡_ cyo‡Z _v‡K Qvi‡cvKvi `j| Qv‡`i Ici `vD`vD K‡i R¡j‡Q Av¸b| iv‡Zi AÜKvi †f` K‡i †mB Av¸‡bi iwk¥ †`Lv hvq A‡bK `~i †_‡K| dR‡ii AvRv‡bi mv‡_ `~i †_‡K †f‡m Av‡m K‡qKwU DwØMœ Kɯ^iÑ Av¸b... ... Av¸b! fvOv cuvwPj Uc‡K iv¯—vq †b‡g Av‡m Av‡jqv|

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bógyLx gvbe mf¨Zv †gvkviid †nv‡mb f‚Tv K‡ZvUv wee¯¿ n‡j ejv hvq Zv‡K Aveªænxb bxjv¤^ix †b‡g †M‡Q myMfxi bvwfi ˆmK‡Z Ea©Ÿv‡½i bvg-gvÎ em‡bB Avw`g Av¸b Av¸‡bi wPÎKí AuvKv ey‡K biK hš¿Yv| ey‡K wc‡V Zvi wZb weNv Rwg bMœZv-wbgMœ Aweivg †jwjnvb wkLv R¦‡j KvgivOv †Pv‡L euvKv‡bv hyMj fziæ g‡b nq Zxÿè-Z‡jvqvi euvKv †Vuv‡U †R‡M _v‡K Avw`MšÍ Kvgbv mvMi| kix‡ii fuv‡R fuv‡R Kvg‡µv‡a †jvjyc †iŠÏyi †gvngy» gy³gvV cy‡o QvB AZ…ß iwk¥‡Z Aejxjvµ‡g †cv‡o gvby‡li gbyl¨Z¡‡eva bMœZvi `iRvq Kuv‡` nvq! gvbweK ¯^cœ| bMœZvi N„Y¨wPÎ Gu‡K †i‡L mgv‡Ri Mv‡q— gvbyl †Zv wPÎc‡U †eu‡P _vKv bMœcY¨ bq! wcKv‡mvi ˆZjQwe cÖvYešÍ n‡q‡Q nq‡Zv ev nvq! bMœ cÖwZ‡hvMx bógyLx gvbe mf¨Zv! Avw`MšÍ mgy‡`ªi ey‡K bv‡P Dj½ Zi½ ZeyI †Zv ˆmK‡Zi Kv‡Q bZ jv‡R ivOvgyL †NvjvRj `vm‡Z¡B m~h©mœv‡b gyLi gvbyl me©nviv µ›`‡bi myi †Zv‡j awl©Z cÖYq| mgv‡Ri ÿZey‡K eK-mv`v mvšÍ¡bv cÖ‡jc cÖ`wk©Z †cvlv‡Ki †fZ‡iB iƒcmx bMi

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mvgvwRK gva¨‡gi Avikx‡Z mwPÎ ¯^iƒc welv‡`i we‡bv`‡b g~Q©v Lvq Mf©eZx ivZ| we‡bv`b bMœZvi g‡nvjøv‡m bMœ-Pjw”PÎ mf¨Zvi Z³‡cv‡l bóivZ K‡ó Kuv‡` GKv cÖR‡b¥i `„wóRy‡o nZvkvi a~mi hvZbv c‡_B c‡_i w`kv Ly‡u R K¬všÍ `~‡ii cw_K| em‡bi weÁvc‡b bvix‡`n µgk wee¯¿ wbwk-i½vj‡q R¨všÍ gvbylB k‡Li cyZzj GB bMœ mg‡qi †Pv‡L Zz”Q mykxj mgvR AvR `yiv‡ivM¨ †iv‡M kh¨vkvqx gvbe mf¨Zv| hvhvei mg‡qi nv‡Z nvZ †i‡L cÖwZw`b— w`KåvšÍ gvby‡li ÔG Bu`iy Õ †`Šo †Ljv P‡j Auvav‡ii A܇cÖ‡g AvZ¥‡fvjv Av‡jvi µ›`‡b— gvby‡li G †Kgb †evak~b¨ N„Y¨ cwiZ…wß? AvKv‡ki bxjUzKz gy‡Q w`‡Z wbSzg wbkx‡_— wbf…‡ZB †Ku‡` †Ku‡` †h AvKvk eyK fv‡O wb‡R ki‡Zi ïåZvq †mI Zvi ü`q mvRvq cÖKw… Zi iƒci‡m †n‡m I‡V meyR cÖv½Y| gvbweK Aeÿq †iv‡a †µv‡a Kuv‡` Kwegb †`ªv‡ni Av¸‡b Kviv †cvov‡e G bviKxq w`b? †K GKvKx G RÄvj ey‡K †V‡j miv‡e my`‡~ i wfÿz‡Ki `xbZvq WvwK G‡mv we‡`ªvnx bRiæj| gvbweK kã‡mªv‡Z fvmv‡evB G †mvbviZix gb‡bi D™¢vwmZ Av‡jvN‡i nvm‡e c„w_ex AbvMZ wkï‡`i ïå nvwm gvby‡li ¯^cœ ï× nvwm‡Z Mo‡ev myKv‡šÍi Ôevm‡hvM¨Õ f‚wg|


GKwU Mv‡Q gvmy` nvmvb GKwU Mv‡Q Qwo‡q w`jvg dzj, Agwb cy‡iv evMv‡b ZLb dz‡ji MÜ| Avi GKwU gvQ hw` Qwo‡q w`B b`x‡Z, ZLb cy‡iv b`x‡Z Avwg‡li PjvPj| evMvb wKsev b`x, wfbœ cv‡Îi R‡ji g‡Zv| Zzwg cy‡ivUv kniB wM‡j †dj‡j Av‡e‡M| welv³ me cy‡o hvK Rvbvjv a‡i, †fv‡ii †iv‡`| Avi ZL‡bv wmMb¨vjevwZ R¡‡j I‡VÑ Zzwg †`L‡j bv wbtk¦v‡mi cy‡ivUv evZvmB ZLb Aw·‡Rbnxb| Zzwg dzj n‡j evMv‡bi M‡Ü c_ nuvU| Avi Zzwg gvQ n‡j Kvbœvq cy‡ivUv b`x mvMi evwb‡q †dj| Zzwg †K? †Vuv‡Ui fvlvq nvwi‡q †dj hZ Awfjvl|

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dzj eû `~‡i Avn‡g` evmvi dzj eû `~‡i, AviI wKQz`i~ I‡ov cÖRvcwZ eÇ K¬všÍ, S‡ov evZv‡mi wecix‡Z Rvwb D‡o‡Qv eûKvj, wbnZ cvwLi SišÍ cvjK dzjiƒ‡c eûevi RvwM‡q‡Q weåg, †f‡m hvIqv Zzjv A_ev †gNRj KZevi Ljiƒ‡c _g‡K `©vu wo‡q‡Q wb`viæY m¤§y‡L †Zvgvi G‡m‡Q AwZKvq gvwQ; e‡j‡Q, D‡o hvI Avwg mv‡_ AvwQ AbyKj ~ mg‡qi †mªv‡Z D‡o‡Q wKQzc_, cÖwZK‚j †iŠ‡`ªi `n‡b m‡i †M‡Q Avj‡Mv‡Q| `~i‡Z¡i gay‡jvfx AviI wKQz mnPi Wvbv †f‡O c‡o †M‡Q AwZ Zx² KuvUvi WMvq fzjc‡_ KZevi †W‡K‡Q †Zvgvq WvwKbx cvwL K‡É Zz‡j KznKx ¯^i Bkvivq †`wL‡q‡Q `yišÍ KuvUveb dzjeb †f‡e Wvbvq Zzwg Zz‡jwQ‡j MwZi cøveb, Nwoi KuvUvi wecix‡Z Avevi G‡m‡Qv wd‡i ¯§„wZi we›`ygq cÖjw¤^Z m~Pbv‡iLvq `~i MšÍ‡e¨i nvIqvq duy w`‡q Avevi †g‡j‡Qv ¯^cœ`„p Awfjvlx cvLv †f‡m hvIqv evRcvwL KL‡bv †Zvgv‡KB K‡i †Zv‡j Puv`gvwi fvmgvb gvQ †f‡e †Quv †g‡i †b‡g Av‡m AwZ `~i Zxÿè †Vuv‡U Zvi †R‡M _v‡K GK †jvfx ÿzavZzi Ab‡šÍi Bu`iy we›`ym`„k Aw¯ÍZ¡ n‡Z AwZKvq kix‡i ax‡i ax‡i `„k¨gvb n‡Z n‡Z wemª¯Í fw½‡Z Avevi †m n‡q I‡V EaŸ©Mvgx

mvgyivB †gN Aw`wZ hviv cvnv‡o †eov‡Z hvqÑ Zviv †d‡i Lywk wb‡q| hviv mgy‡`ª hvqÑ Zviv †d‡i byb wb‡q Avmv hvIqvi c‡_i av‡i mxgvbv Uc‡K KLb AvwgI Gu‡K †dwj dzj dyj gv‡b GwcÖjdzj Avi GwcÖj †mB fq¼‡ii bvg †hgb nvivwKwiÑ nvivwKwii c‡_ c‡_ †g d¬vIqv‡iiv †n‡m †M‡jB Kviv †hb †W‡K DVZ, mvgyivB.. mvgyivB.

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Avgvi †ev‡bi Wvb Awj›` †Nu‡l ga¨iv‡Z `yB evwNbx G‡m K¬všÍ n‡q, mxwgZ kø_ n‡q QzU‡Z _v‡K—åvšÍ I w`M&nxb| AbšÍKvj? gvÎ cuwPk w`b! jvj‡P gvs‡m ewm‡q †`‡e `uvZ|

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nuvU‡Z _v‡K Nv‡mi AšÍivq| ev‡Ni kixi Nv‡mi Nmvq ÿ‡q wb‡Ri MÜ wb‡RB fz‡j hvq| cyiæl dz‡ji civM‡iYy G‡b cvZvi KcvU `yw`K †_‡K †U‡b gvwL‡q †i‡L Zvi mv‡_ wb`ªv‡K `wLb †_‡K evZvm AK¯§vr evwNbx؇qi †iŠc¨vf cjø‡e g‡nŠlwa bxi‡e †X‡j iv‡L| Avgvi †ev‡bi Wvb Awj›` †_‡K njy` Uzwci wZb wkKvix G‡j cyi‡bv †mB evZvm fi K‡i gi‡P aiv eq¯‹ ivB‡d‡j| nv‡Zi g‡a¨ Sj‡m I‡V Qzwi `vM †K‡U hvq Wv‡ji c‡i Wv‡j—

42

kÖvšÍ n‡q, mxwgZ kø_ n‡q nuvU‡Z _v‡K Nv‡mi AšÍivq| Zxeª GKwU w`b KvwU‡q iv‡Z kixi weQvq Nv‡mi MvwjPvq|

...GBfv‡e GKw`b Avgvi †ev‡bi evg Awj›` †Nu‡l ga¨iv‡Z A‡bK †gwkb G‡m evR‡Z _v‡K AbšÍKvj †e¨‡c| kxZ cvVv‡”Q mvB‡ewiqv ZLb GKUv cvwL `yBUv cvwL †g‡c| wZb wkKvix †Kvbw`‡K ZvK K‡i ivL‡e Zv‡`i ivB‡dj G †gŠmy‡g? GLb †Kv_vI evwNbx †bB †Kv‡bv, nwiYI †bB, evIqvj Mfxi Ny‡g— Avgvi †ev‡bi mg~n ü`q f‡i GLb ïay †gwkb| †gwkb †Nv‡i...


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ˆmK‡Zi bvg cøvqv jvm †cwbUvm gCbym myjZvb mßvn wZ‡bK n‡jv, Avwg wbKviv¸qvi †jIb kn‡i Ny‡i †eovw”Q| evm KiwQ GKwU †M÷nvD‡m| †M÷nvD‡mi GK Cfwbs cvwU©‡Z Avgvi mv‡_ †gvjvKvZ n‡q‡Q wmwbIi wWMgv‡ii| wmwbIi Aíwe¯Íi KweZv wj‡Lb, cvb K‡ib cÖPiz , Ges nv‡gkv wmMvi du‡y K †edRyj MvjMí Ki‡Z fv‡jvev‡mb| Zuvi mv‡_ Avgvi Rvb‡cnPvb eÜzZ¡ M‡o DV‡Z †`wi nqwb GKUzK|z AvRKvj Avwg wmwbIi wWMgv‡ii mv‡_ nv‡gkv †eov‡Z hvw”Q, cyivZvwË¡K wi‡mv‡m© ficyi †Kv‡bv bv †Kv‡bv wMR©vq| †jIb kn‡ii Gj KvjfvwiI bv‡g GKwU my`k©b PvP© Avgv‡`i wcÖq n‡q D‡V‡Q| cÖvqkt Avwg wmwbIi wWMgv‡ii mv‡_ kn‡ii Mwjc_ a‡i nuvwU| nuvU‡Z nuvU‡Z G‡m ewm, wkíKjvi mgR`v‡i mqjve GKwU K¨v‡d‡Z| ILv‡b wmwbIi wWMgv‡ii gvidZ cwiwPZ nB, wPÎwk‡íi †Kv‡bv DcvmK, ev †cv÷gWvb© Nivbvi KweZvi cvo D‡g`vi‡`i mv‡_| AvR Avgv‡`i ågY-iæwU‡b LvwbKUv cwieZ©b Avbvi Rb¨ P‡j G‡mwQ, †jIb kni †_‡K

mybmvb weP& evs‡jv

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mvgvb¨ `~‡i cÖkvšÍ gnvmvM‡ii kvšÍ GK ˆmK‡Z| ˆmKZwUi bvg cøvqv jvm †cwbUvm| gnvmgy‡`ªi Ewg©gLy i meyR R‡j du‡y m IVv ïå †dbvi w`‡K ZvwK‡q gyL †_‡K ARv‡šÍ †ewi‡q hvqÑ †nvqvU Av MwR©qvm wmweP| wmwbIi wWMgvi wmœKvi Ly‡j Zv e¨vKc¨v‡K †i‡L, evjyKvq Lvwj cv‡q nuvU‡Z nuvU‡Z Zuvi gy»Zv cÖKvk K‡ib,ÔIqvI, jyK G¨vU Aj w`R gvBwU I‡qfm& Avi µvwks G¨vU w` †kvi jvBb|Õ evjyKvq Suvwc‡q cov R‡j cv Pzwe‡q GK bvix Zvi `ywU †cvlv KzKiz wb‡q Pi‡Qb| Avgv‡`i w`‡K †PvL co‡ZB nvZ Zz‡j I‡qf K‡ib| Avgv‡`i mvg‡b w`‡q mvd©‡evW© wb‡q nuv‡U ¯^Y©vf eøÛ Pz‡ji LvwjMv‡q myBwgs UªvsK civ GKwU hyeK| Zvi wewKwb civ mv_x †g‡qwUi Kuva I wc‡U Dwé K‡i AuvKv mgy‡`ªi k¼ I cÖevj| nuvU‡Z nuvU‡Z Avgiv P‡j Avwm g¨vb‡MÖvf e‡bi KvQvKvwQ| Gw`KKvi ˆmKZ cÖvq wbR©b, evjyKv‡ejvq cv Qwo‡q e‡m †Kej GK `¤úwZ, Zviv AšÍi½Zvq wbweo n‡q Av‡Q| Zv‡`i cvk w`‡q †h‡Z †h‡Z wWMgvi K‡jv‡Kv‡qj GmcvwbI‡j wKQz ej‡j, hyM‡ji cyiælwU Zvi evÜexi Kuva ¯úk© K‡i D”QjZvq wkm w`‡q I‡V| wWMgvi Zv‡`i w`‡K `ynv‡Zi

46

fw½‡Z Kx GK Bw½Z K‡ib, †g‡qwUI D”QjZvq kwiK n‡q wmwbI‡ii w`‡K nvZ I †Vuv‡Ui fw½‡Z Qz‡o †`q DošÍ Pz‡gv| Avi †bvbvR‡ji Auvk‡U MÜgvLv evZv‡m AvgviI †gRvR cÖdj z ø n‡q I‡V| Avgiv ˆmK‡Z euvk, †eZ I k‡b ˆZwi wZbwU mybmvb weP& evs‡jvi mvg‡b w`‡q nuvwU| G‡`i mgy`ªgLy x Kv‡Vi †ejKwbi w`‡K Bkviv w`‡q wmwbIi wWMgvi e‡jb, ÔgvB wWqvi g¨vb, wijv·, †Wv›U w_sK A¨vevDU UvBg, †Wv›U w_sK A¨vevDU †Mvwqs e¨vK Uz †M÷nvDm, GbRq `¨v weP, ivZ bvg‡j N‡i wd‡i hvIqvi †Kv‡bv cÖ‡qvRb †bB, PvB‡j Zzwg G ai‡bi GKwU evs‡jvq ivZ KvwU‡q w`‡Z cv‡iv|Õ nuvU‡Z nuvU‡Z AvwgI cÖwZwµqv e¨³ Kwi, Ô†M÷nvDm †Zv Avgvi wbR¯^ evwo bv, w`bhvc‡bi mvgwqK wbevm gvÎ| ILv‡b wd‡i hvIqvi Avgvi †Zgb †Kv‡bv Uvb †bB| w`R& evs‡jvR GUªv± wg Av jU| evU, Iqvb w_s AvB A¨vg Gd‡iBW Ae... PgrKvi G IqvUvi-d«›U †ejKwb‡Z e‡m mgy‡`ªi Zi½gvjvi w`‡K ZvKv‡j .. BD †bv †nvqvU? AvB A¨vg wkIi AvB DBj wdj mycvi †jvbwj|Õ Avgvi gšÍe¨ ï‡b wmwbIi †Muv‡di duv‡K inm¨gq nvwm dzwU‡q Zz‡j


e‡jb,Ô jvm †cwbUvm we‡P weKvj Nwb‡q Avm‡j mgy`ªR‡j Qovq `viæY †Mva~wj, ZLb Zzwg GKvKx †Kv‡bv †ejKwb‡Z e‡m wKQz cvb Ki‡Z bv PvB‡j, cvi‡ná BD DBj dvBÛ mvgIqvb wnqvi, nq‡Zv Lu‡y R cv‡e Ggb KvD‡K, hvi mvwbœ‡a¨ †mªd Dò n‡q IV‡e †Zvgvi mܨv|Õ wmwbI‡ii j¤^v-PIov K‡g›U ïb‡Z ïb‡Z Avwg †`wLÑ ˆmK‡Z KuvKovi c`Qvc AuvKv evjyKvq †Zvqv‡j wewQ‡q ï‡q wewKwb civ `ywU †g‡q| G‡`i GKwU †ccvie¨vK co‡Z co‡Z Avo‡Pv‡L Avgv‡`i w`‡K ZvKvq| Ab¨ †g‡qwUi Kcv‡j ivLv kmvi KvUv `ywU UzKiv| wmwbIi Zv‡`i w`‡K mivmwi ZvwK‡q wkm w`‡q e‡jb,ÔIjv wPKvm&, ey‡qb w`qv, ev †g‡qiv, ïfw`b|Õ hyeZx `ywU SUcU K‡i D‡V GwM‡q G‡m cwiwPZ nq| G‡`i GKwUi bvg weqvsKv, Ab¨wU wµm‡Ujv| Giv b„ZvwË¡K cwiP‡q wbKviv¸‡qb‡m, Z‡e Awfevmxi mšÍvb wnmv‡e evm K‡i hy³iv‡óªi †d¬vwiWvq| mvgv‡ii QzwU‡Z wd‡i G‡m‡Q Zv‡`i gv-evevi †`k wbKviv¸qvq| ˆmK‡Z m~h©mœvb QvovI Giv cvU©UvBg †ckv wnmv‡e †gwib MvB‡Wi KvR K‡i| PvB‡j G‡`i mv_x K‡i bvI †e‡q P‡j hvIqv hvq Kv‡QiB GKwU Rbnxb Øxc

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k¨vgjvw½ bvixwU Zvi cvovcowk‡`i Kv‡Q ÔwPKv giv‡bvÕ e‡j cwiwPZv| †m Avgvi w`‡K nvZ evwo‡q,ÔwmwbIi GmwµZi, ivBU mvgw_s UvwP wnqvi,Õ e‡jB †m `yówz gfiv `y‡PvL eo eo K‡i Avgvi w`‡K ZvKvq ˆmK‡Z bvix I `ywU †cvlv KzKiz

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ev_iæg †_‡K wewKwb eU‡gi Ici g¨vb‡MÖvf e‡bi QvcwPÎ AuvKv w·KvYv Qis Rwo‡q †ewi‡q Av‡m weqvsKv| Zvi wewKwb-Uc Qvwc‡q D™¢vwmZ nIqv ¯Íb hyM‡j Amveav‡b †j‡M Av‡Q wKQz evjyKv

AšÍi½Zvq wbweo `¤úwZ

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_v‡K, c~‡e©i meyR A_©bxwZ bxj A_©bxwZ‡Z iƒcvšÍwiZ nq| ZrcieZx©‡Z 2012 mv‡j wiI wW †RwbwiI‡Z RvwZms‡Ni †UKmB Dbœqb (Sustainable Development) msµvšÍ †h awiÎx m‡¤§jb AbywôZ nq Zv‡Z GwU‡K ejv n‡qwQj Ôbxj mgy`ª A_©bxwZÕ| ZLb †bZ…e›„ ` Gi jÿ¨ wba©viY K‡iwQ‡jb wbgœiƒcfv‡e: ÒImprovement of human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risk and ecological scarcities.Ó

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evsjv‡`‡ki mgy`ªmxgv


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ICT solutions, geo-informatics services, yatch design, submarine telecom etc.

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mvgyw`ªK evwYR¨ evsjv‡`‡k †bŠ-cwienb I DcK‚jxq ms¯‹w„ Z Avgv‡`i

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wRÁvmv Ki‡jb, ÒAvgvi Kv‡Q †Zv †Kv‡bv FY †bB †Zvgvi| Av‡Q wK?Ó ÒRvgvB ej‡jv, ÒFY Av‡Q| `k eQi Av‡M Avcbvi †g‡q‡K Avgvi nv‡Z Zz‡j w`‡qwQ‡jb| AvR my`mn †diZ w`‡q †Mjvg|Ó RvgvB Avi k¦ï‡ii g‡a¨ Ggb `vb cÖwZ`vb P‡jB| KL‡bv k¦ïievwo MÖnxZv, KL‡bv RvgvB MÖnxZv| k¦ïi Avi RvgvB Mí Ki‡Q| nVvr K‡i k¦ï‡ii `vgx Ry‡Zv‡Rvovi w`‡K bRi †Mj RvgvB‡qi| evievi wb‡Ri cv‡qi w`‡K RvgvB‡K ZvKv‡Z †`‡L k¦ïi Zv‡K ej‡jb, ÒKx e¨vcvi? Avgvi Ry‡Zv †Rvov cQ›` n‡q‡Q †Zvgvi? ÒRvgvB ej‡jv, Òn¨uv Lye my›`i Ry‡Zv| Ó k¦ïi ej‡jb, Òn‡eB †Zv| AW©vi w`‡q w`wjø †_‡K evwb‡q G‡bwQ| †Zvgvi cQ›` n‡j bvI|Ó RvgvB BZ¯ÍZ K‡i ej‡jv, Òbv, bv, Avcbvi Ry‡Zv Avwg †be †Kb?Ó k¦ïi ej‡jb, Ò†Zvgvi hLb cQ›` n‡q‡Q evevRx, ZzwgB bvI| Avwg Avevi Avwb‡q †be|Ó ÒwKš‘ †jv‡K hw` e‡j Avcbvi GZ `vwg Ry‡Zv †Mj †Kv_vq?Ó RvgvB‡qi webxZ wRÁvmv| k¦ïi Reve w`‡jb, Ò†m wb‡q †Zvgv‡K fve‡Z n‡e bv| Avi AMZ¨v hw` wRÁvmv K‡iB †d‡j, ej‡ev KzKiz wb‡q cvwj‡q †M‡Q|Ó we‡jZ †diZ RvgvB wewfbœ Dcnvi mvgMÖx wb‡q †M‡Q k¦ïievwo‡Z| k¨vj‡Ki nv‡Z GKwU `vgx cviwdDg Zz‡j w`‡jb fwMœcwZ| k¨vjK †mwU nv‡Zi Zvjy‡Z wb‡q †P‡U †L‡Z ïiæ Ki‡jv| nZf¤^ RvgvB k¦ï‡ii Kv‡Q wM‡q k¨vj‡Ki KxwZ©i K_v ej‡jb| k¦ïi AevK n‡q ej‡jb ÒGZ `vwg wRwbmUv nv‡Zi Zvjy‡Z wb‡q †L‡jv Avgvi Ac`v_© †Q‡j| c‡ivUvi m‡½ wgwk‡q †L‡Z cvi‡Zv|Ó k¦ïievwoi m‡½ RvgvZvi m¤ú‡K©i cvi` IVvbvgv K‡i A_©‰bwZK gvb`‡Ði Ici wfwË K‡i| kU©Kv‡U eo‡jvK nIqvi Rb¨ A‡bK e¨w³B eo‡jvK k¦ïi AbymÜv‡b e¨¯Í _v‡Kb| Ggb g‡bvfv‡ei `yB eÜz abx Mixe cÖm‡½ Avjvc Ki‡Q| 1g eÜz : wej †MUm e‡j‡Qb, Òhw` Zzwg Mwie n‡q Rb¥vI †mwU †Zvgvi †`vl bq, wKš‘ hw` Zzwg Mwie n‡q g‡iv †mwU †Zvgvi †`vl| Ó 2q eÜz : K_vUv Lye mnR| Avgvi evev hw` Mwie nq †mwU †`vl bq, wKš‘ hw` Avgvi k¦ïi Mwie nq †mwU Avgvi †`vl| Gfv‡eB GK eo‡jvK k¦ï‡ii mÜvb †c‡q †Mj R‰bK gZjeevR hyeK| we‡q‡Z A‡bK `vwg DcnviI †c‡jb| wec` n‡jv wKQzw`b ci †cUª‡ji g~j¨ †e‡o hvIqvi Kvi‡Y| nZvk n‡q RvgvZv ZLb k¦ïi‡K wPwV wjL‡Q kÖ‡×q k¦ïigkvB, Avcwb †Zv Rv‡bb nVvr K‡i †cUª‡ji g~j¨ fxlY e„w×


wZwb wVK Ki‡jb `yB RvgvZvi GKwU cixÿv †b‡eb †hb eyS‡Z cv‡ib †Kvb RvgvZv Zv‡K †ewk fv‡jvev‡mb †c‡q‡Q| G Ae¯’vq Avwg wecbœ †eva KiwQ| `qv K‡i we‡qi mgq Avgv‡K †`qv Avcbvi Mvwo A_ev Avcbvi †g‡q †h‡Kv‡bv GKwU †diZ wb‡q Avgv‡K evwaZ Ki‡eb| GB `yg©‡~ j¨i evRv‡i GKmv‡_ `y‡Uv‡K Pvjv‡Z cviwQ bv| webxZ wb‡e`K Avcbvi ¸Yai RvgvZv GK kvïwoi `yB RvgvZv| wZwb wVK Ki‡jb `yB RvgvZvi GKwU cixÿv †b‡eb †hb eyS‡Z cv‡ib †Kvb RvgvZv Zv‡K †ewk fv‡jvev‡mb| cÖ_g w`b wZwb eo RvgvZvi m‡½ †eov‡Z wM‡q b`x‡Z jvd w`‡jb| †`L‡Z PvB‡jb RvgvZv Zv‡K euvPvq wKbv| RvgvB b`x‡Z jvd w`‡q kvïwo‡K euvPv‡jv| kvïwo Lywk n‡q Zv‡K GKwU †gvUi mvB‡Kj Dcnvi w`‡jb| c‡ii w`b †QvU RvgvZvi mvg‡b b`x‡Z Suvc w`‡jb wZwb| GB RvgvZv kvïwo‡K †Zgb cQ›` Ki‡Zv bv, ZvB euvPv‡jv bv| b`x‡Z †ePvix kvïwoi mwjj mgvwa n‡q †Mj| K‡qKw`b ci †`Lv †Mj †QvU RvgvZv gvwm©wWR

wb‡q Nyi‡Q| eo RvgvZv AevK n‡q wRÁvmv Ki‡jv, ÒGUv †Kv_vq †c‡j?Ó †QvU RvgvZv Reve w`j, k¦ïigkvq Lywk n‡q GUv wMdU K‡i‡Qb| ïay kvïwoi g„Zz¨ bq, KL‡bv KL‡bv k¦ï‡ii g„Zz¨I Kcvj wdwi‡q †`q fvM¨evb RvgvZvi| GK e¨w³ Zvi k¦ï‡ii GKgvÎ †g‡q‡K we‡q K‡i my‡L w`bvwZcvZ Ki‡Q| k¦ï‡ii AeZ©gv‡b RvgvB me m¤úwËi gvwjK n‡e| k¦ïi nVvr Lye Amy¯’ n‡q nvmcvZv‡j fwZ© n‡jb| Wv³v‡ii mv‡½ K_vevZ©v Pj‡Q RvgvB‡qi| Wv³vi : `ytwLZ, Avcbvi k¦ïi‡K g‡b nq euvPv‡bv hv‡e bv| Ae¯’v Lye Lvivc| GZÿ‡Y †evanq Avi wZwb †bB|Ó RvgvB ï‡b †ek cyjwKZ n‡jb| Ggb mgq †ivMxi kh¨v †_‡K k¦ï‡ii gšÍe¨- Ò†K e‡j‡Q Ajÿz‡Y K_v! GB‡Zv Avwg †e‡Pu AvwQ|Ó RvgvB wÿß n‡q k¦ïi‡K ej‡jv, ÒPzc Kiæb| Wv³vi e‡j‡Qb Avcwb Avi euvP‡eb bv| Avcwb wK Wv³v‡ii †P‡q †ewk Rv‡bb?Ó

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Av›`vjxe Gi

KweZv cÖv_©bvMvi †_‡K ay‡q †dj i‡³i `vM; IB cweÎ wKixP| a‡g©vb¥v` gvby‡li Kv‡Q Rgv ivL Zvi me KÕUv Mvb| AvR ClvY-mgy`ª Zx‡i †b‡g‡Q †hLv‡b †MŠY †`eZviv, Zv‡K wN‡i bvP‡Q Fwlcyiæl Avi c„_yjv igYxi `j| GB mœvbvMvi, GB †mŠi¯§„wZ †d‡j †¯Ív‡Îi wel Zv‡i AvRI Zvov K‡i| d‡j cÖv_©bvMvi †_‡K fzj ¯§„wZ wb‡q †d‡i gvbyl| Zywg Zvi eÿ D‡b¥vPb Ki| Zywg Zvi ürwc‡Ð Db¥v` Mv‡bi ¯§„wZ f‡i `vI|

Av›`vjxe Rb¥ - 1 A‡±vei, 1978| wbevm - XvKv, evsjv‡`k| cÖKvwkZ Kve¨MÖš’ e„wðK m~‡h©i wb‡P (2016), †Uv‡Ug msMxZ (2011), d«‡÷W Møv‡mi IBcv‡k (2008)| eZ©gv‡b XvKvq GKwU wkÿv I M‡elYv cÖwZôv‡b †iwR÷ªvi wn‡m‡e Kg©iZ| B‡gj wVKvbv: mail.andaleeb@gmail.com


eªæ‡bv Avgv‡`i g‡b ZLbI eZ©j y c„w_exi aviYv Rb¥vqwb| ag©MÖš’¸‡jvi cÖ‡ev‡ai d‡j Avgiv fveZvg, IB †h `~‡ii gvV; Zvi †k‡l AvKvk G‡m †b‡g‡Q| †mLv‡b GKw`b wbðqB †cuŠ‡Qv‡bv hv‡e| Avgv‡`i ¯‹j y Ni¸‡jv wQj †nuqvwj gvLv‡bv, weåvwšÍKi| Kyqvkvi g‡a¨ gv_v Zy‡j ivLv G‡KKUv Wz‡evcvnv‡oi gZb| ag©-wkÿ‡Kiv wcÖq wQj Avgv‡`i, Avi weÁvb wkÿ‡Kiv wg‡_¨ev`x| Avgiv Zv‡`i Qj¸‡jv Gwo‡q PjZvg| Zviv hLb Avgv‡`i eªæ‡bvi K_v ej‡Zb; Avgiv fveZvg Ggb cvMj I cÖcvMvwÛ‡÷i cy‡o givB fvj| A_P Avgv‡`i ü`q KiæYvq Av`ª© wQj| Avgiv fveZvg, M¨vwjwjIi †Uwj‡¯‹v‡c †PvL ivL‡jB cÖf‚ Avgv‡`i AÜ K‡i †`‡eb| hw`I Avgv‡`i ÁvbZ…òv wQj cÖej| cÖwZ mܨvq D`åvšÍ evj‡Ki gZb Avgiv wcZvi mvg‡b emZvg| wZwb ej‡Zb, cÖf‚ me©Á; Avi wZwbB Rv‡bb| GKUv Kv‡jv Kvc‡o †PvL †eu‡a wZwb Avgv‡`i c„w_ex †`L‡Z ej‡Zb| Avi Avgiv †`L‡Z †cZvg ZviKvivwR, †mŠiSo, Avgv‡`i ZR©bxi Dci muvBmuvB c„w_exUv Nyi‡Q|

Aa©mZ¨ wPZvi †Pv‡Li wb‡P Kv‡jv `vM †KbÑ Ggb gvmvB cÖ‡kœi Z‡i Wz‡e †M‡Q ivZ| GB AvZ© ebf~g ¸g‡i DV‡Q †KejB K_v, DcK_vq| `~‡i Aa©m‡Z¨i gZ P›`ª Wze‡Q, GKvMÖÑ †hb ‡q hvIqvB fweZe¨ Zvi| wejxqgvb wkKv‡ii wcQz avIqv K‡i wPi K¬všÍ †hB Kvd&wd hyeK, Zvi nv‡Z µz× GK nvwZqvi R¡j‡Q| Zvi wd‡i Avmvi c_ Ny‡i, Ny‡i, Ny‡i Db¥Ë wPZvi †c”Qv‡ei Nªv‡Yi gv‡S nvwi‡q †M‡Q|


wkí mvwnZ¨ I mgvR ivRbxwZi cwÎKv m„R‡bi c_ Pjvq wbišÍi ïf Kvgbv|

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m„Rb| KvwZ©K 1424| A‡±vei 2017| el© 1 msL¨v 3

Profile for Mehedi Hasan

Srijon  

3rd issue, October 2017

Srijon  

3rd issue, October 2017

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