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gvbe-gvbexi wPiKv‡ji †cÖgjxjvi K_vB e‡j| ivav e‡jb, PÐx`v‡mi fvlvq : mB, †Kev ïbvBj k¨vgbvg| Kv‡bi wfZi w`qv mi‡m cwkb †Mv AvKzj Kwij †gvi cÖvY| Kvbyi Rb¨ ivwaKvi cÖZx¶vi †kl †bB| Aweivg el©‡Yi ivZ| mLx‡`i wb‡q nvwm Zvgvkvq Avi KZ mgq KvU‡e| kh¨v †c‡Z A‡c¶vq _v‡Kb Avi fv‡eb wbðqB Ab¨ †Kv‡bv bvix wb‡q imi‡m gË Kvby| Zvi Awfgvb nq| evÜex‡`i e‡jb Kxfv‡e GKvKx KvU‡e Zvi GB ivZ| ev`j iv‡Z c‡_i w`‡K ZvwK‡q _v‡Kb GB eywS Kvby Av‡mb : G †Nvi iRbx †gN MiRwb †Kg‡b AvIe wcqv| †kR weQvBqv iwnjy ewmqv c_ cv‡b wbiwLqv| Ni evwni Ki‡Z Ki‡Z Aejv bvixi Rxeb †kl| Kvbyi †cÖ‡g w`b‡K ivZ Avi ivZ‡K w`b K‡i Zvi mgq Kv‡U| PÐx`vm e‡jb : Kx †gvwnbx Rvb euay Kx †gvwnbx Rvb| Aejvi cÖvY wb‡Z hvB †Zvgv †nb| Ni ˆKby evwni, evwni ˆKby Ni| ci ˆKby Avcb, Avcb ˆKby ci|| ivwZ ˆKby w`em, w`em ˆKby ivwZ| eywS‡Z bvwiby euay †Zvgvi wcixwZ| ivavi i“×k¦vm cÖZx¶vi K_v ˆeòe c`vejx‡Z cÖPiz | Kvby Avm‡eb †m Rb¨ Zvi cÖ¯‘wZi ev Av‡qvR‡bi †kl †bB| KzÄK y wz Ui wZwb Pvcv, gvjZx cÖfw… Z dzj w`‡q mymw¾Z K‡ib| K…‡òi m‡½ ivav kvixwiK †hŠb m‡¤¢v‡M wgwjZ n‡eb| ZvB wb‡R‡K wZwb mvRm¾vq hZ`~i m¤¢e AvKl©Yxq K‡i †Zv‡jb| †mKv‡j bvixi cÖmva‡bi Dcv`vb wQj AvR‡Ki AvaywbK bvixi cÖmvab mvgMÖxi †P‡q ¯^v¯’¨m¤§Z| mewKQy Zviv MÖnY Ki‡Zb cÖKw… Z †_‡K| myMÜx P›`b †g‡L Zviv †Mvmj Ki‡Zb| Zvici kix‡i gvL‡Zb dz‡ji †iYy| we‡kl K‡i K`gdz‡ji †iYy cvDWv‡ii g‡Zv gvL‡Zb mviv kix‡i| hyeK-hyeZxi hZ iKgfv‡e iwZmyL jvf m¤¢e †m †Póvi †Kv‡bv

8

ÎæwU †`Lv hvq bv ˆeòe c`vejx‡Z| hw`I Zv‡Z ˆeòe Kwe‡`i bvwqKviv em‡š—i Rb¨ e‡m _vK‡Zb bv| eQ‡ii ev‡iv gvmB Zv‡`i gaygvm| Z‡e dvê–bI Zv‡`i Kv‡Q gaygvm bq hw` Kvby ev K…ò Kv‡Q bv _v‡Kb| ivav Zvi DVv‡b `uvwo‡q AvKv‡k ZvwK‡q †`‡Lb Avlv‡p Nb †gN Nb Nb MR©b K‡i| eoy PÐx`v‡mi fvlvq, ÔAvlvp gv‡m be‡gN MiRZÕ| wKš‘ Zvi Kv‡Q †bB Kvby, myZivs †gN‡g`yi GB †ivgvw›UK cwi‡ek gvwU| kÖveY gv‡m Nb Nb ewl©Z nq ev`j, Kwei fvlvq, ÔkÖveY gv‡m Nb Nb ewi‡lÕ| wKš‘ Kvby †Kv_vq? DPvUb gb wb‡q el©YgyLi ivZ KvUvb ivav| Kvbyi K_v fv‡eb Avi †h †Kv‡bv hyeZxi g‡Zv kh¨vq Gcvk Icvk K‡ib wei‡n| AvKv‡k mv`v †g‡Ni †fjv, f¨vcmv Mi‡gi gvm fv‡`ª wei‡n Pviw`K †Kgb AÜKvi †V‡K| Ôfv`i gv‡m A‡nvwbwk AÜKviÕ jv‡M ivavi| Avwk¦b gv‡mi AvenvIqvI †Kgb gb Doy Doy K‡i| eoy PÐ AvKv‡k mv`v †gN, Rwg‡b mv`v Kvkdzj| AvR evsjv‡`‡k Kvkdz‡ji eoB Afve| Z‡e dzj dzUK z ev bv dzUK z , RM‡Z hv Lywk ZvB NUzK K…ò Qvov ivavi Rxeb gvwU-ÔKvý webx ˆn‡e wbdj Rxeb|Õ ˆeòe c`vejx †_‡K ivav-K…‡òi †h †cÖgjxjvi cwiPq cvB Zv RM‡Zi me hyeK-hyeZxi †cÖgjxjviB cig iƒc| me †cÖ‡giB cÖKw… Z GK, Z‡e i‡q‡Q cwigv‡Y Kg‡ewk ZviZg¨| me hyeZxiB cÖvY Pvq cvwL n‡q k¨vgbvM‡ii Kv‡Q D‡o †h‡Z| ˆeòe Kwe‡`i cÖfve evsjv fvlvi †kÖô `yB Kwe iex›`ªbv_ I bRi“j Bmjv‡g mvgvb¨ bq| iex›`ªbv‡_i eû KweZvq ˆeòe KweZvi Qvqv c‡o‡Q| wZwb e‡j‡Qb, ˆeòe Kwe‡`i Ôe„›`vebMv_vÕ ïay †`eZv‡`i Rb¨ bq, gZ©evmx bi-bvix‡`i cÖwZw`b cÖwZ iv‡Zi ˆ`wnK †cÖg fv‡jvevmvi K_vI e‡U : kÖve‡Yi ke©ix‡Z Kvwj›`xi K~‡j, Pvwi e‡¶ †P‡q †`Lv K`‡¤^i g~‡j ki‡m mg&å‡g, GwK ïay †`eZvi!

Ôˆeòe KweZvÕ, †mvbviZix ˆeòe Kwe‡`i wb‡R‡`i hw` †cÖgcxwiZ Kivi AwfÁZv bv _vKZ Zv n‡j Agb ÔKweZv wjL‡jbÕ Kx K‡i| ZvB Zv‡`i Kv‡Q iex›`ªbv‡_i wRÁvmv : mZ¨ K‡i Kn †gv‡i †n ˆeòe Kwe †Kv_v Zzwg †c‡qwQ‡j GB †cÖg”Qwe, †Kv_v Zzwg wk‡LwQ‡j GB †cÖgMvb weinZvwcZ| †nwi Kvnvi bqvb evwaKvi AkÖ“ AuvwL c‡owQj g‡b? weRb emš—iv‡Z wgjbkq‡b †K †Zvgv‡i †eu‡awQj `ywU evû‡Wv‡i, ˆeòe Kwe‡`i g‡ZvB bRi“j‡K MvB‡Z ïwb : G †Nvi kÖveY-wbwk Kv‡U †Kg‡b| nvq iwn iwn †mB gyL cwo‡Q g‡b| bRi“‡ji eû Mvb †hb AvaywbK ˆeòe KweZv| Zv‡Z ˆeòe KweZvi Av‡gR cvIqv hvq, †hb GKv‡ji ˆeòe c`vejx| Gme Mv‡b bvqKbvwqKvi Awfmv‡ii K_v, Zv‡`i cÖZx¶v, gvb-Awfgvb, Av‡¶c, wein, wgjb meB Av‡Q| bRi“‡ji eb-MxwZ‡Z GB Dcv`vb¸‡jv A‡bK Mv‡bB Av‡Q : 1. hgybv-wmbv‡b P‡j Z¤^x givj-Mvwgbx| jyUv‡q jyUv‡q c‡o cv‡q eKzj Kvwgbx| 2. c_-†fvjv †Kvb ivLvj †Q‡j †m GKjv ev‡U k~b¨ gv‡V †L‡j †eovq euvwk †d‡j| 3. cÙw`wNi av‡i H mwL †jv Kgj-w`wNi av‡i| Avwg Rj wb‡Z hvB mKvj gv‡S mB, mwL, Qj K‡i †m gvQ a‡i Avi Pvq †m ev‡i ev‡i|| 4. hgybv-K~‡j gayi gayi gyijx mwL evwRj| gvae wbKzÄPvix k¨vg eywS Av‡mK`¤^ Zgvj be-cjø‡e mvwRj!! Dwbk I Kzwo kZ‡Ki AvaywbK Kweiv Bs‡iwR mvwnZ¨ †_‡K fve, welqe¯‘, cÖKiY cÖfw… Z hZ wKQyB avi Ki“b bv †Kb, evsjv MxwZKweZvi wfwË iwPZ n‡q‡Q ˆeòe Kwe‡`i nv‡ZB|


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Avãyjøvn Igi mvBd

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A‡bK iK‡gi fvlv ˆZwi K‡i w`‡jb| G‡Z gvby‡li `vi“b Amyweav nj| Zviv Avi wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ wVKVvK fv‡ei Av`vb cÖ`vb Ki‡Z cvij bv| hvi `i“b Zv‡`i AnsKv‡ii gv_vq coj cÖPÐ evwo| Zviv mK‡j fvlv wb‡q weåvwš—‡Z c‡o GK mgq wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ `jv`wj Avi¤¢ Kij| d‡j GKm‡½ _vKv Zv‡`i c‡¶ m¤¢e n‡jv bv| ax‡i ax‡i Zv‡`i wcÖq AnsKv‡ii kniUv G‡Kev‡i cwiZ¨³ nj| †h kn‡i GKw`b Zv‡`i M‡e© gvwU‡Z cv coZ bv, †mB kni evwji Av¯—i‡Y †X‡K †Mj| Ck¦i fvlv w`‡q gvbyl‡K Rã Ki‡jb| A™¢Z y GB KvwnbxUv evB‡e‡j Av‡Q| †mLv‡b GB kn‡ii bvg †`qv n‡q‡Q ev‡ej| ev‡ej A_© weåvwš—| gvby‡li Me© Ck¦i cQ›` K‡ib bv| ZvB wZwb fvlv‡K A‡¯¿i gZ cÖ‡qvM

cÖvYx‡`i g‡a¨ mvBb j¨v½y‡qR wKsev †gŠb Bkvivi GKUv e¨vcvi Av‡Q, †hUv euv`i ev Ab¨ ¯—b¨cvqx‡`i g‡a¨ ninv‡gkv †`Lv hvq| euv`‡iiv mvBb j¨v½y‡qR ev Bw½‡Zi fvlvq G‡K Aci‡K Z_¨ Rvbv‡Z m¶g K‡i gvby‡li `c© P‚Y© K‡i‡Qb| Z‡e †Kvivb kix‡d G e¨vcv‡i GKUv my›`i K_v ejv Av‡Q| †mLv‡b ej‡Q AvjøvnZvjv GZ me RvwZ m„wó K‡i‡Qb hv‡Z gvbyl G‡K Aci‡K Rvb‡Z cv‡i| G‡K Aci‡K Rvbvi e¨vcv‡i GLv‡b ¸i“Z¡ †`qv n‡q‡Q| cÖ_gw`KKvi gymjgv‡biv ZvB wMÖK fvlv wk‡L †m fvlvi †kªô eB¸‡jv Aviex‡Z Abyev` K‡i †d‡jwQ‡jb| gymjgvb `vk©wbK‡`i mevB m‡µwUm, †cø‡Uv ev Gwi÷Uj‡K †kL ev I¯—v` g‡b Ki‡Zb| m‡µwUm‡K Zviv WvK‡Zb my‡µZ, †cø‡Uv‡K AvdjvZzb Avi Gwi÷Uj‡K Avwi¯—vZvwjm| cieZ©x hy‡M BD‡ivc Avevi Aviex †_‡K j¨vwU‡b †mme eB Abyev` Kwi‡q wb‡R‡`i wek¦we`¨vjq¸wj‡Z covZ| BDbvbx wPwKrmv e‡j Avgv‡`i †`‡k GKUv wPwKrmv c×wZ Av‡Q †mUvi bvgKiY n‡q‡Q wMÖK f‚LÐ AvB‡qvwbqv †_‡K| AvB‡qvwbqv cieZ©x‡Z Aviex fvlvfvlx‡`i Kv‡Q cwiwPZ n‡q‡Q BDbvb bv‡g| GB wPwKrmv c×wZ wMÖK-Avie Dr‡mi| c~e© cwð‡gi nvZ aivawi K‡i nvuUvi PgrKvi D`vniY| Avm‡j fvlvi Rb¥ gvby‡li g‡bi fv‡ei Av`vb cÖ`v‡bi R‡b¨, †kªd †hvMv‡hv‡Mi R‡b¨ bq| GUvI wVK †h fvlvi DrcwË wb‡q M‡elYv hviv K‡ib Zv‡`i †KDB GKkfvM wbwðZ K‡i wKQy ej‡Z cv‡ib bv| KviY ˆeÁvwbKfv‡e wKQy ej‡Z †M‡j wbLyZ u cÖgv‡Yi `iKvi nq| A_P fvlv

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M‡elYvq †m wRwbm nq bv| †hgb Avw`g gvby‡li nvo‡Mvo Avgiv †c‡qwQ wVKB Ges Zv‡`i Mjvi nv‡oi MoY †`‡L ¯úó †evSvI hv‡”Q Zviv K_v KBevi mvg_©¨ Awã ivLZ| wKš‘ wVK Kx wQj Zv‡`i fvlv †m wRwbm †Zv Avi GK`g wbwðZ n‡q ejevi Dcvq †bB| G wel‡q eo‡Rvi w_Iwi `uvo Kiv‡bv hvq, wKš‘ mZ¨ wn‡m‡e cÖwZôv Ki‡Z G‡¶‡Î V‡K hvevi Avk¼v _v‡K A‡bK| fvlvi Rb¥ wb‡q gvwK©b cwÐZ †bvqvg Pgw¯‹iI †miKg GKUv ZË¡ Av‡Q| wZwb g‡b K‡ib ïay †hvMv‡hvM †Zv cÖvYxRM‡Zi mevB Ki‡Z cv‡i| †QvÆ †QvÆ wcucoviv wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ Lvevi ˆZwi‡Z †h iKg cvi¯úwiK †evSvcov †`Lvq †mUv †Zv fvlvi mvnvh¨ QvovB nq| Zv‡`i bv Av‡Q †fvKvj KW©, bv Av‡Q †MÖ g¨vUvi| Pgw¯‹ g‡b K‡ib †hvMv‡hv‡Mi PvB‡ZI fvlv ˆZwii A‡bK eo KviY n‡”Q Avgv‡`i fv‡ei Av`vb cÖ`vb Kivi B”Qv| gvbyl memgq †P‡q‡Q Zvi g‡bi K_v Av‡iKRb RvbyK| fvlvi k‡ãi fvÐviI ˆZwi n‡q‡Q Gfv‡e| evsjvq Avgiv myo½ e‡j †h kãUv e¨envi Kwi †mUv wKš‘ Avm‡j wMÖK kã| gvbyl GB AvaywbK hy‡M G‡mI k‡ãi fvÐvi µgk evwo‡qB hv‡”Q| AvRKvj ¸Mwjs ej‡Z B›Uvi‡b‡U †Kv‡bv wKQz †LuvRv‡K †evSvq| Kzwo eQi Av‡M †KD ¸Mwjs ej‡j nuv K‡i ZvwK‡q _vK‡Z nZ| cÖvYx‡`i g‡a¨ mvBb j¨v½y‡qR wKsev †gŠb Bkvivi GKUv e¨vcvi Av‡Q, †hUv euv`i ev Ab¨ ¯—b¨cvqx‡`i g‡a¨ ninv‡gkv †`Lv hvq| euv`‡iiv mvBb j¨v½y‡qR ev Bw½‡Zi fvlvq G‡K Aci‡K Z_¨ Rvbv‡Z m¶g| KvQ w`‡q evN fvjøK y †M‡j euv`‡iiv A½fw½ K‡i G‡K Aci‡K mZK© Ki‡Z cv‡i| A‡bK †¶‡Î bvbvb ai‡Yi aŸwb D”PviY K‡iI Zviv Iqvwb©s Gjv‡g©i KvR K‡i| euv`‡ii GB Bkviv‡K hw` Avgiv fvlvq Abyev` Kwi Zvn‡j m‡e©v”P †hUv `uvov‡e †mUv n‡”QÑ H †h evN Avm‡Q| Gici †_‡K hZ evi Zviv evN †`L‡e, ZZevi GB GKB mveavb evYx D”PviY Ki‡e| Gi †_‡K †ewk †Kv‡bv Z_¨ euv`i RvwZi †KD †evanq cvq bv| GLv‡bB gvby‡li mv‡_ Zv‡`i weivU cv_©K¨| euv`‡ii RvqMvq gvbyl _vK‡j ïay H evN Avm‡Q e‡jB ¶vš— n‡Zv bv| gvbyl Zvi fvlv‡K e¨envi K‡i Ávb ˆZwi KiZ| ev‡N‡`i †`L‡Z Kvi gZ jv‡M, jZv cvZv Nv‡m Zvi Mv Nlvi kã †KgbÑ Gme wb‡q gvbyl ixwZgZ MíMuv_v ˆZwi K‡i †djZ| `~i-`~iv‡š—i gvbyl evN bv †`L‡jI Kíbvi †Pv‡L ev‡Ni †WvivKvUv `vM wVK wgwj‡q wbZ| Avevi iv‡Zi Auvav‡i Av¸‡bi mvg‡b KyÐwj cvwK‡q e‡m cÖvPxb MíKviiv ev¯—e Avi Kíbv wgwk‡q Kvwnwb ˆZwi KiZ| Gfv‡e GK mgq ˆZwi nZ wg_| wg_ mZ¨ bv wg_¨v †m wb‡q gv_v e¨_vi wKQz †bB| wg_ n‡”Q †mB Mí hv gvbyl ej‡Z Pvq wKš‘ fvlvi †`ŠivZ¥ mxwgZ _vKvq mivmwi †mme ej‡Z cv‡i bv| ZLb Dcgv, Mí, cÖZxK Gm‡ei gva¨‡g gvbyl Zvi AwfÁZv eY©bv K‡i| wg‡_i mgm¨v n‡”Q ûU K‡i ïb‡j †mUv‡K MvuRvLywi M‡àv e‡j g‡b nq|


wKš‘ Mfx‡i †M‡j GKUv RvwZi mvgwMÖK myL `yL, ÁvbmewKQzi GKUv Av‡jL¨ cvIqv hvq| mwZ¨ ej‡Z Kx, gvby‡li Mí ˆZwii G ¶gZvUv GK`g wbR¯^| ïay cÖhwy ³i e¨envi Rv‡b e‡j gvbyl m„wói †miv GgbUv †Rvi w`‡q ejv hvq bv| gvbyl QvovI cÖvYxRM‡Zi A‡b‡K cÖhwy ³ e¨envi Ki‡Z Rv‡b| Avwd«Kvi GK`j euv`i ï‡bwQ jvwVi evwo w`‡q k³ †LvjmIqvjv dj dvwU‡q Lvq| KvVev`vg wc‡l †L‡Z cv_‡ii wkjcvUv e¨envi K‡i| Zvici eveyB cvwLi evmv, Kv‡Ki evmvÑ Gme G‡KKUv `y`©vš— †UK‡bvjwRi D`vniY| gRvi Z_¨ n‡”Q KvK †Ljbv ˆZwi K‡i †L‡j GgbUvI bvwK j¶¨ K‡i‡Qb weÁvbxiv| Zvn‡j G‡`i mv‡_ gvby‡li cv_©K¨ †Kv_vq? cv_©K¨Uv n‡”Q Mí ˆZwii ¶gZvq| euv`i, evN fvjøK y , DjøK y G‡`i †KD Mí ej‡Z Rv‡b bv| Avi GUvB me‡P‡q eo dvivK| fvlv I kã e¨envi K‡i gvbyl G‡K Ac‡ii m‡½ AwfÁZv fvMvfvwM K‡i| GmeB GKmgq Áv‡b cwiYZ nq| Avi GB Ávb PP©vB Av`‡k©i m~ÎcvZ K‡i| gvbyl GKUv Av`‡k©i R‡b¨ msNe× n‡Z Rv‡b| cÖvYxRM‡Zi Avi †KD G ¶gZv †`Lvq bv| Avcwb `y‡kvUv cvwL‡K GKB m‡½ Pyc Kwi‡q †Kv‡bv K_v †kvbv‡Z cvi‡eb bv| A_ev GKUv euv`i ûc nvc K‡i wKQz ej‡Q Avi GK‡kvUv euv`i Pyc K‡i Vvq `uvwo‡q Zvi K_v ïb‡QÑ G e¯‘ †Kv_vI nq bv| A_P wd‡`j K¨v‡÷«vi GK fvl‡Y `y‡kv †Kb `y‡kv nvRvi †jvK Pyc K‡i g‡bv‡hvM w`‡q Zvi K_v ïbZ| Av`‡k©i †cQ‡b wbðj `uvwo‡q hvIqvi GB ¶gZv fvlv bv _vK‡j n‡Zv bv| fvlvB Av`k© ˆZwi K‡i| Avi kã n‡”Q fvlvi Muv_ywb| Kweiv GB h_v_© k‡ãi R‡b¨B gv_v Ky‡U g‡ib| D`©y Kwe d‡qR Avn‡g` d‡q‡Ri fvlvqÑ AvR GK nvid †Kv wdi XyÛ u Zv wdiZv n¨vq Lvqvj| Kweiv GB nidB Ly‡u R †eovb| cwÐZ‡`i g‡Z AvaywbK gvbyl bvwK c…w_ex‡Z G‡m‡Q K‡qK wgwjqb eQi Av‡M| wKš‘ mf¨Zvi †MvovcËb n‡q‡Q GB †mw`b, `k ev‡iv nvRvi eQ‡ii †ewk n‡e bv| cÖ_gw`‡K gvbyl wQj AiY¨Pvix| e‡bi djg~j Avi GKUv `y‡Uv cÖvYx †g‡i LvIqvi Af¨vm wQj| ag©, bMi, K…wlKvRÑ Gme Zv‡`i gv_v‡ZI Av‡mwb eû eQi| †kl eid hyM †kl nq cÖvq c‡bi nvRvi eQi Av‡M| Gi c‡iB gvby‡li gv_vq Kx GK Avðh© wSwjK †L‡j hvq| †hb DbœwZi PvKv euvB euvB K‡i Nyi‡Z Avi¤¢ K‡i| ev‡iv †Zi nvRvi eQ‡ii g‡a¨ `viY `vi“b me mf¨Zvi Rb¥ nq| A‡b‡K g‡b K‡ib gvby‡li eyw× †L‡j hvevi †cQ‡b ivbœvi nvZ Av‡Q| gvbyl hLb KuvPv †LZ ZLb bvwK kix‡ii GbvwR©i meUvB P‡j †hZ Lvevi nRg Kiv‡Z| KuvPv Lvevi nRg Ki‡Z cwicvKZš¿‡K jo‡Z nZ †ewk| wKš‘ ivbœv †kLvi ci gvbyl KuvPv LvIqv eÜ K‡i w`‡jv| G‡Z jvf n‡jv gv_vi| KviY Lvevi mn‡R nRg nIqv‡Z me GbvwR©i cÖvq cy‡ivUvB gw¯—®‹ e¨envi Ki‡Z ïi“ Kij| Gi d‡j fvlvi e¨envi evo‡Z jvM‡jv| gw¯—®‹ e‡m e‡m wPš—v Kivi my‡hvM †cj| mymse× fvlv ˆZwi nj| GLb fvebv I AwfÁZv Avi ïay GKRb gvby‡li g‡bB mxgve× iB‡jv bv| †m Av‡jv Qwo‡q †Mj meLv‡b|

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GB ivbœv w_Iwi Aek¨ cÖgvwYZ bq| Kv‡iv Kv‡iv aviYvi †ewk wKQy bq| Z‡e gvbyl DØ„Ë Lvevi †hw`b †_‡K ˆZwi Kiv wkLj, †mw`b †_‡KB gvby‡li nv‡Z G‡jv cÖPiy mgq| K…wlKvR Kivi Av‡M gvby‡li nv‡Z eo GKUv mgq _vKZ bv| wkKvi I djg~j msMÖ‡ni RxebUvq mvivw`bB bó nZ †NvivNywi‡Z| ZvQvov A‡b‡K Av¸b w`‡q Sjwm‡q Lvevi P°‡iI †hZ bv| KuvPv gvsmB KPKP K‡i †L‡q †djZ| wKš‘ GK mgq gvbyl ax‡i ax‡i K…wlKvR †k‡L, DØ„Ë Lv`¨ ˆZwi Ki‡Z †k‡L| cÖvPxb bMix¸‡jv L~o u ‡j eo eo km¨vavi Ly‡u R cvIqv hvq| GB km¨vavi¸‡jv‡K wN‡iB mvgvwRK †kªYxweb¨v‡mi wewfbœ ¯—i ˆZwi nq| KviY AwZwi³ Lv`¨ †Zv ïay ˆZwi Ki‡jB n‡jv bv| †mme i¶Yv‡e¶Y wKsev cvnviv †`qvI †Zv PvB| Avi mgv‡R wewfbœ iK‡gi Kv‡Ri gvbyl _vK‡j †mLv‡b GK mgq †kªYx ˆZwi nq| wn›`ya‡g© †h eªv¶Y, ¶wÎq, ˆek¨, k~‡`ªi aviYv

k~‡`ªi aviYv cÖPwjZ Av‡Q, A‡b‡K g‡b K‡ib Gm‡ei DrcwËi †cQ‡b cÖ_‡g KvR K‡i‡Q KvRK‡g©i wewfbœZv| eªv¶Y cywu _ co‡e, ¶wÎq hy× Ki‡e, ˆek¨ e¨emv Ki‡e Avi k~`ª¨iv KvwqK kªg Ki‡eÑ ïi“‡Z e¨vcviUv nqZ †Zgb RwUj gb¯— vwË¡K wKQy wQj bv cÖPwjZ Av‡Q, A‡b‡K g‡b K‡ib Gm‡ei DrcwËi †cQ‡b cÖ_‡g KvR K‡i‡Q KvRK‡g©i wewfbœZv| eªv¶Y cywu _ co‡e, ¶wÎq hy× Ki‡e, ˆek¨ e¨emv Ki‡e Avi k~`ª¨iv KvwqK kªg Ki‡eÑ ïi“‡Z e¨vcviUv nqZ †Zgb RwUj gb¯—vwË¡K wKQy wQj bv| c‡i `yóy †jv‡Kiv GUv‡K wb‡R‡`i Av‡Li †MvQv‡Z e¨envi K‡i‡Q, G·cø‡qU K‡i‡Q| gvbyl wb‡Ri KvR‡K me mgq eo K‡i †`‡L| Avi GLvb †_‡KB me mgm¨vi DrcwË| wb‡RiUzKy Qvov Avi evKx‡`iUv bMY¨ÑGB aviYvUvB †kªYx ˆelg¨ ˆZwi K‡i| Zvici GKevi †kªYx‰elg¨ ˆZwi n‡q †M‡j ¶gZvkxjiv Avi wKQy bv †c‡q wb‡R‡`i esk †MŠie ïi“ K‡i †`q| mvaviY gvby‡li KvQ †_‡K wb‡R‡`i Avjv`v Kivi R‡b¨ RvZ cv‡Zi †avqv †Zv‡j| cÖvPxb wgki †_‡K †g‡mvc‡Uwgqv, `w¶Y Av‡gwiKv me RvqMv‡ZB ivRviv cÖ_g w`‡K wb‡R‡`i †`e mš—vb e‡j gvby‡li Kv‡Q cwiPq w`Z| †KD m~h©mš—vb, †KD Rj‡`eZvi c~Î| nvm¨Ki n‡jI wb‡Ri Rb¥Uv‡K †MŠivevwš^Z Kivi G cÖeYZv AvR‡Ki w`‡bI Av‡Q| Z‡e GLb ixwZ e`‡j‡Q, fvlvI e`‡j‡Q| G hy‡M m~h©mš—vb cwiPq †`qvUv nvm¨Ki| Zvic‡iI Avgvi c~e© cyi“l †h weivU Rwg`vi ev beve eskxq wQ‡jb G K_v Avjv‡ci duv‡K ¸u‡R w`‡Z cvi‡j Avgiv Avivg †eva

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Kwi| Avevi fvlvi K_vq wd‡i Avwm| †evanq †g‡mvc‡Uwgqv A‡ji gvbylB cÖ_g GKUz Av‡qk K‡i wPš— vfvebv Kivi my‡hvM cvq| KviY msNe× K…wlKv‡Ri Avw` wb`k©b †mLv‡bB cvIqv †M‡Q| Biv‡Ki my‡gi GL‡bv ch©š— c„w_exi me‡P‡q cÖvPxb mf¨Zv| cÖvq mv‡o Qq mvZ nvRvi eQi Av‡M ga¨cÖvP¨ Di“K, wKk, Di GBme bv‡g `y`©vš— me Rbc` M‡o †Zv‡j| GLv‡b km¨vavi wQj, †`e-gw›`i wQj, DbœZ Nievwo, evMvb me wQj| Z‡e me‡P‡q †RŠjymgq m¤ú`Uv wQj m¤¢eZ Zv‡`i fvlv| G fvlvi †LuvR cvIqv hvq my‡g‡ii B‡qK kn‡i cÖvß cuvP nvRvi eQi Av‡Mi KxjKwjwc †_‡K| †c‡i‡Ki gZ †`L‡Z GB wjwc¸‡jv‡Z cÖvq `y nvRv‡ii gZ wPý wQj| GLvb †_‡KB Av›`vR Kiv hvq Zv‡`i fvlv Kx iKg DbœZ wQj| Biv‡Ki cÖvPxb wKk kn‡i cvIqv †M‡Q c„w_exi cÖvPxbZg mvwnZ¨ wb`k©b| cv_‡ii Mv‡q Ly‡u U KxjKwjwc‡Z †Lv`vB Kiv GB e¯—wy U Avm‡j †`eivR Gbwj‡ji D‡Ï‡k¨ †jLv GKwU ¯‘wZ| G wRwbm hw` myi K‡i gw›`‡i gw›`‡i cvV Kiv nZ, Zvn‡j wbtm‡›`‡n ejv hvq GwU Avw`Zg cÖv_©bv m½xZ| Gi eqm cuvP nvRvi Q‡kv eQi| Gbwj‡ji ¯—wy Z bv‡gi G me cÖv_©bvi fvlvq Kweiv Dcgv e¨envi K‡i‡Qb †`eZvi Zywó mva‡b| GKUv †QvU D`vniY w`B| †`eivR Gbwj‡ji Av‡`k gnvb, Zvi evYx cweÎ wZwb hv ej‡eb Zvi cwieZ©b nq bv wZwb †h fvM¨ †`b Zv wPi AUzU Zvi `„wó‡Z ce©Z ch©š— f‡q I‡V †Ku‡c …... wcZv Gbwj‡ji mvg‡b me †`eZv gv_v bZ K‡i wZwb Avmxb _v‡Kb cweÎ †e`x‡Z †`eZv AvbybvKx Zvi mvg‡b hvq Gbwj‡ji Av‡`k wek¦¯—Zvi m‡½ cvjb K‡i (Gbwj‡ji ¯—wy Z, AvbygvwbK 3 nvRvi eQi) GLv‡b ce©Z kw¼Z n‡”Q DcgvUv ixwZgZ †Pv‡L covi gZb| GLv‡b fvlvi †h Kvi“Kvh© ev Dcgv e¨envi Kiv n‡q‡Q Zvi cÖfve i‡q †M‡Q cieZ©x hy‡Mi mvwn‡Z¨I| Gbwj‡ji ¯—wy Zi K‡qK nvRvi eQi c‡i evB‡e‡ji iPwqKviiv wjL‡Qb, Zuv‡K †`‡L ce©Z f‡q †Ku‡c I‡V cvnvo M‡j hvq Zuvi Dcw¯’wZ‡Z c„w_ex I Zvi g‡a¨ hviv Av‡Q me f‡q †Ku‡c I‡V (bvûg 1t5) GB `yB cÖv_©bv‡ZB Ck¦‡ii e¨w³Z¡ †evSv‡Z Zuvi f‡q cvnvo ce©Z †Ku‡c IVvi Dcgv Av‡Q| GL‡bv Avgiv Lye ivMx Kvi“i mvg‡b hvIqvi AwfÁZv ej‡Z †M‡j GiKg wKQy GKUvB ewj| G ai‡Yi ARmª Dcgv gvbeRvwZ G‡K Ac‡ii KvQ †_‡K Lye m¤¢e wk‡L wb‡q e‡j‡Q| GUv bv n‡j gvby‡li Ávb mg„× n‡Zv bv| mvwn‡Z¨ G R‡b¨ Dcgvi e¨envi A‡bK Ri“wi| Dcgv fvlvi A_©‡K Av‡iv e¨vcKZv `vb K‡i|


fvlvi DrKl© ˆZwi‡Z mvaviY gvby‡li gy‡Li fvlv †hgb wQj, †Zgwb wQj cy‡ivwnZ‡`i Ae`vb| cy‡ivwnZZš¿ A‡bK †¶‡Î bvK wmuU‡Kv‡bvi gZ †kvbv‡jI Zv‡`i Ae`vbI Kg bq| Avgiv ev½vwjiv A‡bK kãB ewj †h¸‡jv ms¯‹Z … ev Aviex dvwm© †_‡K G‡m‡Q| ms¯‹Z … wQj †`efvlv| G wb‡q gv_v NvgvZ ˆe`Á cwÐZ cy‡ivwn‡Zi `j| mvaviY gvby‡li AZ mgq †Kv_vq| Avevi Aviex dviwm fv‡jv RvbZ †gvjøv ev †gŠjweiv| ag© eY© wbwe©‡k‡l Zv‡`i wbZ¨ e¨envh© A‡bK kã mK‡j GL‡bv e¨envi K‡i| †KD Kx cvi‡e wVK wVK wn›`y ev gymjgvb Drm †_‡K cvIqv kã ev` w`‡q K_v ej‡Z? †h ejvi †Póv Ki‡e †m cvMj Qvov Avi wKQy bv| Avw`g †`egw›`i¸‡jv‡Z cy‡ivwn‡Zi `j me mgq †h gvbyl‡K Py‡l Lvevi Avkvq e‡m _vKZ †mUvI cy‡ivcywi wVK bq| cy‡ivwnZiv Ávb PP©vI KiZ, †`eZvi D‡Ï‡k¨ PgrKvi me Mvb evbvZ| †mm‡ei fvlvi DrKl©Zv wQj| cieZ©x‡Z wjwc D™¢ve‡bI Zviv gv_v Nvwg‡q‡Q| Avgiv mevB Rvwb wgkixq wPÎwjwc‡K nvqv‡ivwMødm e‡j| GUv MÖxK kã| Gi A_© †Lv`vB Kiv cweÎ A¶i| †`eZv‡`i Lywk Kivi GB †h cÖeYZv GUv wKš‘ cieZ©x‡Z eY©gvjv D™¢ve‡b gvbyl‡K mvnvh¨ K‡i‡Q| GB me wPÎwjwciI aiY aviY wQj| GB nvqv‡ivwMød †_‡KB c‡i M‡o I‡V nvqv‡iwUK (cy‡ivwnZ wjwc) Avi †W‡gvwUK (mvaviY wjwc)| cy‡ivwnZiv e¨envi Ki‡Zb nvqv‡iwUK| mvaviY gvby‡li Kv‡Q wjwc wQj ˆ`bw›`b wnmve wbKv‡ki †P‡q †ewkwKQyi R‡b¨ bq| †K KUv gvQ wewµ Kij, Kvi Kv‡Q KqUv gyiwM avi ivLv n‡q‡QÑ G mg¯— AvU‡cŠ‡i wnmve ivLv Qvov Gi †P‡q †ewkwKQy Zv‡`i gv_vq Av‡mwb| wKš‘ cy‡ivwnZ‡`i KvRUv wQj Ab¨| Zviv mvaviY gvby‡li †`qv †f‡U PjZ wVKB wKš‘ wb‡R‡`i †kªôZ¡ eRvq ivLvi R‡b¨ me mgq Awfbe wKQy fveZ| fz‡j †M‡j Pj‡e bv †h Av‡Mi hy‡M GK cy‡ivwnZ Qvov Avi mevB‡K w`b Avwb w`b LvB Ae¯’vq w`b KvUv‡Z nZ| Ávb PP©v Ki‡Z †M‡j mgqI‡Zv PvB| Kv‡RB fvlvi cÖ‡kœ Kvi“i Ae`vbB Kg bq| gvbyl cÖvPxbKv‡j wVK Kx fvlvq K_v ejZ wKsev Zv‡`i fvlvi g‡a¨ †mŠKh© wQj Kx bv G Z_¨ Rvbevi GKgvÎ Dcvq n‡”Q A¶i Z_v wjwc| wjwci D™¢e bv NU‡j GZ me K_v cieZ©x cÖR‡b¥i R‡b¨ ûeû †i‡L †`qv †hZ bv| A‡b‡K g‡b K‡ib wdwbkxq‡`i nvZ a‡i wjwci D™¢e| Avm‡j wKš‘ Zv bv| wdwbkxq‡`iI nvRvi eQi Av‡M †_‡K cÖPwjZ wQj nvqv‡ivwMøwd· ev wP·iLv ev KxjK wjwc Z_v wKDwbdg©| c‡i wdwbkxqiv †mme †_‡K GKUy A`je`j K‡i e¨envi Dc‡hvMx cÖ_g eY©gvjv ˆZwi K‡i| ZvB cÖ_g eY©gvjvi K…wZZ¡ Zv‡`i cv‡ZB c‡o| Avevi wdwbkxq‡`i nv‡Z e‡b©i D™¢e NUvi ci Gi cÖfve †KDB Gov‡Z cv‡iwb| cÖvPxb MÖxK I fviZe‡l©i eªv¶x ni‡di g‡a¨ cÖPiy wgj cvIqv †M‡Q| fvlv‡eËv‡`i g‡a¨ A‡b‡K g‡b K‡ib wdwbkxq‡`i eY©¸‡jv µgk GKUy A`j e`j n‡q c„w_exi Ab¨vb¨ ni‡di g‡a¨ Xy‡K †M‡Q| Gm‡ei c‡¶ wec‡¶ gZvgZ †bB Zv bq| Z‡e wgj †h

GK iKg Av‡Q †mUv mevB GKev‡K¨ ¯^xKvi K‡i †bb| cÖkœ n‡”Q G¸‡jv me n‡jv Kx K‡i? wPš—vfvebv G‡K A‡b¨i m‡½ fvMvfvwM bv Ki‡j gvby‡li kãfvÐvi evo‡Zv Kx bv m‡›`n| GKB RvwZi †jvK †h wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨B ïay K_v e‡j‡Q ZvI bq| wewfbœ RvwZi gvbyl G‡K Ac‡ii m‡½ wg‡k‡Q Ges wb‡R‡`i AwfÁZv ejvewj K‡i‡Q| GK fvlvi kã Av‡iK fvlvq Xy‡K gvby‡li Ávb evwo‡q‡Q| gvbyl mf¨Zv M‡o‡Q A‡bKw`b a‡i| ûU K‡i GKw`‡b GZme wKQy M‡o D‡Vwb| Gi R‡b¨ eûw`b a‡i gvbyl‡K A‡bK wPš—vfvebv Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q| Avi †mme wPš—vi meB †h GK`g wVK wQj ZvI bq| AmsL¨ f~j PyK n‡q‡Q| hy× weMÖn, gvivgvwi, Ly‡bvLywb n‡q‡Q| wKš‘ Zvic‡iI mf¨Zvi AMÖhvÎv †_‡g _v‡Kwb| GKUv ei‡di †QvÆ ¸uwo †hgb Ici †_‡K Mwo‡q covi mgq GKUy GKUy K‡i wb‡Ri

gvbyl mf¨Zv M‡o‡Q A‡bKw`b a‡i| ûU K‡i GKw`‡b GZme wKQy M‡o D‡Vwb| Gi R‡b¨ eûw`b a‡i gvbyl‡K A‡bK wPš—vfvebv Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q| Avi †mme wPš—vi meB †h GK`g wVK wQj ZvI bq| AmsL¨ f~j PyK n‡q‡Q| hy× weMÖn, gvivgvwi, Ly‡bvLywb n‡q‡Q Mv‡q Zylv‡ii ¸u‡ov jvwM‡q GK mgq cÖKvÐ eid-e‡j cwiYZ nq, mf¨ZvI wVK †mBfv‡eB G‡Mvq| †`Lv hvq, cÖwZUv mf¨ZvB †Kvb bv †Kvb fv‡e Av‡iK mf¨Zvi KvQ †_‡K AvBwWqv ev AwfÁZv avi K‡i wb‡R mg„× n‡q‡Q| my`i~ †iv‡gi c¤úvB bMixi aŸsmve‡k‡l fviZxq mf¨Zvi A‡bK wb`k©b cvIqv †M‡Q| †mB niàv I g‡nb‡Rv`v‡ov Avgj †_‡K cwð‡gi m‡½ fvi‡Zi evwYR¨ m¤úK© wQj| ïay GmeB bq| ˆew`K hy‡Mi †`eZv wg‡Îi cy‡Rv AP©bv fviZ cvim¨ Qvwo‡q †mB BD‡iv‡ci Rvg©vwb ch©š— cvwo w`‡q‡Q| †cŠËwjK †ivgvbiv cÖ_g kZvãx‡Z wg·`‡ei cy‡Rv w`Z| mviv BD‡ivc Ry‡o Zvi A‡bK gw›`i wQj| †mLv‡b fw³f‡i †`eZvi AvivabvI Kiv nZ| GB wgÎ Kv‡ëi cÖfve cieZ©x‡Z wM‡q Avevi wLª÷xq †ivgvb‡`i Ici c‡o‡Q| †ivgvbiv Av‡M wQj †cŠËwjK, c‡i n‡q‡Q wLª÷vb| wKš‘ †cŠËwjK ixwZbxwZi A‡bK wKQyB Zv‡`i ag© ms¯‹v‡i Xy‡K wM‡q‡Q| †mme Ab¨ K_v| wKš‘ hvi gva¨‡g GZme fv‡ei Av`vbcÖ`vb nj †mUv wKš‘ †kªd fvlv| †h‡Kv‡bv fvlv‡ZB gvbyl hw` my›`i my›`i A_©evnx kã ˆZwi Kivi e¨vcv‡i Drmvn bv †`LvZ Zvn‡j wKš‘ GZ fvee`‡ji wKQyB n‡Zv bv Avi gvbe mf¨ZvI G‡Mv‡Z cviZ bv|

13


cv_‡ii Zjv †_‡K DuwK †`Iqv meyR Nv‡mi D`MÖxeZv Avgiv ey‡S DV‡Z cvwiwb| msmvix kni †d‡j, wcPXvjv ARMi †cwi‡q kvjexw_i Qvqv, Zvici evejvi †mªvZ| KwVb kvmb †f` K‡i e„‡¶i meyR AvKzjZv mvwgqvbvi g‡Zv †b‡g Avmv AvKvk‡K Rwo‡q a‡iwQj| nq‡Zv ev Avgv‡`i ey‡Ki wfZi †_‡K †ewi‡q Avm‡Z †P‡qwQj wRiv‡di MÖxevi g‡Zv Am½Z GKwU evmbv| Ñ †mB B‡”QUvi †Kv‡bv D”PviY wQj bv| GKUvi ci GKUv †XD †cÖiYvi g‡Zv Qy‡U AvmwQj Avgv‡`i w`‡K| GB me cvV wb‡qI Avgiv cvkvcvwk e‡mwQjvg, KvQvKvwQ n‡Z cvwiwb| Avw`g gvby‡li g‡Zv PKgwK cv_i Vz‡K †ei Ki‡Z cvwiwb Av¸b|

Avgv‡`i mgy`ª-mvgwqKx gqyL †PŠayix wVK mv‡o `kUvq c‡Z½vi D‡Ï‡k †ewi‡q cojvg Avgiv| Avgiv, gv‡b wPiKv‡ji g‡Zv a~mi GKRb Zzwg †h wKbv A¨vKzwiqv‡gi msmvi †f‡O †ewi‡q Avm‡Z †P‡qQ; Avi GKRb AvwgÑ QbœQvov dwo‡Oi Wvbv| K_v wQj Avgv‡`i †hŠ_ m¤úv`bvq cÖKvk cv‡e mgy`ª-mvgwqKx, hvi cÖwZwU c„ôvq R‡ji A¶i G‡m Qy‡u q †`‡e bywo I cv_i| Ab¨w`‡K, mv‡o `kUvi gv‡b GKUv KuvUv wVK †Zvgvi g‡Zv `k Avi GMv‡ivi gvSLv‡b, Avi Avwg Sz‡j _vK‡ev mvܨ msL¨v Qq-Gi Ici| `y‡Uv KuvUv wg‡j †mw`b GKUv dzj dzwU‡qwQj, Avgiv dzjUvi †Kv‡bv bvg w`‡Z cvwiwb| mvgvwRK wewawb‡l‡ai g‡Zv A‡bK wmMb¨vj DwR‡q KY©dzjxi nvZ a‡i †gvnbv ch©š— DcbxZ n‡qwQjvg| †mB †gvnbvi cwiPqUzKz Avgiv wb‡Z cvwiwb|

14

gv_vi Ic‡i m~h© Puv‡`i †P‡qI big Av‡jv w`w”Qj †mw`b| Avi cv_i¸‡jv wQj Nv‡mi †P‡qI †Kvgj Avi gm„Y| Avwg µgk †Zvjcvo mgy‡`ªi cÖwZ Ag‡bv‡hvMx, †`LwQjvg †Zvgv‡K| M‡Z©i wfZ‡i Xz‡K cov GKUv jvjKuvKov e‡j †MjÑ cÖwZwU gvbylB wfZ‡i wfZ‡i KweZv, evB‡i cÖeÜ| Avwg mgy‡`ªi Ici Awfgvb K‡i AvKvk‡K LyR u wQjvg| LyR u ‡Z LyR u ‡Z †cjvg †Zvgvi cv‡qi Kv‡Q, Sz‡u K cov| ZLb Zzwg mgy‡`ªi g‡Zv bxj, A_P ¯—ä; AvKv‡ki g‡Zv wbR©b, A_P †g‡Ni ms¯‹w… Z‡Z †kvwfZ; †d‡j Avmv cvnv‡oi g‡Zv w¯’i, A_P AwMœMf©; b`xi g‡Zv Zi½cÖeY, A_P kvbeuvav‡bv; Ai‡Y¨i g‡Zv QvqveZx, A_P K¤úgvb| GiciI Zzwg Kv‡Pi g‡Zv gm„Y, A_P KwVb; aª“eZvivi g‡Zv ¯úó, A_P A‡bK `~i| Zzwg Gm‡ei wKQyB †evSwb| †Ui cvIwbÑ bxj Zi‡½i wb‡P RjKb¨viv †Zvgv‡K mgy‡`ªi ivbx e‡j fzj KiwQj; †XD‡qi gv_vq K‡i wb‡R‡`i kv`v gyKUz ¸wj Zviv †Zvgvi cv‡qi Kv‡Q Rgv w`w”Qj| cwihvqx cvwLe„›` †Vuv‡U K‡i wb‡q G‡jv ï‡f”Qvi Z…Y


Wvbvq K‡i wb‡q G‡jv Ab¨ GK AvKvk| †h iKg k~b¨Zvi wfZ‡i †gN †g‡Ni wfZi R‡ji cÖwZkÖ“wZ R‡ji wfZi mgyR m¤¢vebv †m-iKg ¯’wieZvi wfZ‡i wQj ¯^‡cœi evwoNi Avi wkïi iwOb †Ljbv| wKš‘, GmKj Zvrch© cÖPwjZ †Kv‡bv Awfav‡b wQj bv, †Kv‡bv bxjKÉ hyeK cwÐZI iPbv K‡i hvbwb gvqvex e¨vKiY| Gi d‡j †Zvgvi wbwj©ß †mŠ›`‡h© AvnZ n‡q wd‡i hvw”Qj R‡ji wb‡e`b, †f‡O hvw”Qj evZv‡mi Wvbv| GB me Zzwg Rvb‡Z bv| Zzwg †P‡qwQ‡j Rjcix‡`i nvZ a‡i µgk MfxiZi †`k, jZv¸‡j¥i evwR©b we¯§q| wKš‘ AvKv•¶vi AbyK‡‚ j Dchy³ D‡`¨vM wQj bv, wQj DrKÉv; wQj wØavwš^Z w`bivwÎ, Kv‡jvkv`v iwkeuvav †Reªvi cÖ”Q` Avi, †Zvgvi `yÕUzK‡iv wfZi evwni| msmv‡ii A¨vKzwiqv‡g bw›`Z grm¨ivbx Zzwg| jeYv³ `ytL †_‡K wew”Qbœ n‡q _vKvi MvpZi KóÑ weQvbvq Gcvk Icvk| †Pv‡Li GK GKwU cj‡K Sz‡j Av‡Q Awb`ª iv‡Zi †ejKwb| wmuwo gv‡b ïay DÌvb bq GKB m‡½ †b‡g Avmv †`vAuvk gvwUi KvQvKvwQ| GB cÖeYZv m‡Ë¡I †Zvgvi wmuwo Rvcvwb †Mvjv‡ci loh‡š¿ Av”Qbœ; mgy‡`ªi P¶znxb AÜ fv‡jvevmv H ch©š— †cuŠQy‡Z cv‡i bv| ivwÎgvLv cvÐzwjwc †_‡K wb‡R‡K wdwi‡q Avbjvg cv‡Ui Auv‡ki g‡Zv D¾¡j cvwicvwk¦©‡K| wKš‘, cv_i Avi R‡ji msNv‡Z †h A_© wQU‡K c‡o †mfv‡e bq, nvIqvi ms¯ú‡k© cvZvi wkni‡Y †h e¨Äbv †mfv‡e bq| Avgiv K_v e‡j hvw”Qjvg Av‡iKwU K_vi cvk †Nu‡lÑ b`xi Zxi a‡i †nu‡U hvIqv jvwVi gZ mZK©, mij| AZGe, cvwL‡`i IovDwo‡K g‡b nw”Qj †Quov cwjw_b| gv‡Vi Icv‡i wKQy kÖgkxj mij gvbyl

Avgv‡`i `yÕRb‡K †`‡L hv hv fvewQj †mUv Avgv‡`i ey‡K †gNjv K‡ói g‡Zv RgvU †eu‡a‡Q, Zv †_‡K Av‡`Š e„wó bvg‡e wK bv Rvwb bv| Avgv‡`i m‡½ wKQy Lvevi `vevi wQj, nƒrwc‡Ði g‡a¨ Kó K‡i jywK‡q ivLv KwVb m‡Z¨i g‡Zv m¨vÛDBP; K‡qK wcm †KK Zvi bgªZv‡K dvjvdvjv Kiv i“cvwj QywiUv ZLb kn‡ii †Uwe‡j| GQvov d¬v‡¯‹i Kz‡qvi g‡a¨ wQj Dò A_P ¯—ä Kwd †mw`bKvi cÖ‡Z¨KwU DcKiYB K_v ejwQj iƒc‡Ki fvlvq Avi, Avgiv ï‡b hvw”Qjvg wKse`wš—i mv‡ci gZb| K_v AviI A‡b‡K ejwQjÑ †VuvU duvK †i‡L g‡i hvIqv wSbyK †_‡K Avi¤¢ K‡i dwo‡Oi Doš— m½g ch©š— A‡b‡KB Avgv‡`i ch©‡e¶Ykw³i AnsKvi‡K cix¶v K‡i wbw”Qj| e¨vcviUv bv †evSvi fvb K‡i Avgiv wbivc` wQjvg| ZviciI Avwg `y®úvV¨ cvÐzwjwci g‡Zv †Zvgvi cvV MÖnY KiwQjvg| AmsL¨ b¶‡Îi wb‡P gi“f‚wgi AÜKvi †Zvgvi †Pv‡L, †Vuv‡Ui PwKZ K¤úb †_‡K mvgvb¨ `~‡i Z…òvZ© evwjqvwo, AvbZ MÖxevq †bK‡jm nevi Rb¨ wZbkÕ †ZwÎkwU b`x Qy‡U G‡m‡Q GB e‡½vcmvM‡i, eidØx‡ci g‡Zv Dc‡P IVv ey‡Ki Pivq †gi“b i‡Oi wZj, AcÖKvk¨ hš¿Yvi Afz¨Ìvb †k‡l jve‡Y¨i GKwU gvÎ †XD, Zvici GK K¨v‡iU AÜKvi bvwf, Zvici wKQyB Rvwb bvÑ nq‡Zv ev †R‡M _vKv wbtm½ iv‡Zi †ejKwb| A_P, AvwgI wVK †evSv‡Z cvwiwb kvjexw_i kvLvq †Kb G‡Zv AvKzjZv Qwo‡q c‡o‡Q cweÎ AÁZvq †Kb G‡Zv †ewk Kzqvkv †Kb cv_‡ii fwel¨r G‡Zv AÜ| GBfv‡e AcgvwbZ mgy`ª‡K †cQ‡b †d‡j Avgiv †Reªv-µwm‡Oi mÜv‡b D‡V `uvovjvg| Avgiv `yÕRb Avjv`v-Avjv`vfv‡e Avevi Avm‡ev, ¶gv †P‡q †b‡ev, AÜ Av‡e‡M Qy‡U Avmv cÖwZwU †XD‡qi Kv‡Q ¶gv †P‡q †b‡ev| 22.02.1985

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GB †Zv mgq km¨ †evbvi Avjx ixqvR Avmyb, Zv n‡j eyb‡Z _vwK, ïi“ †nvK AvRB Z‡e ïi“ †nvK, GB †Zv km¨ †evbvi mgq, Avw`Mš— we¯—Z … GB gv‡V Avmyb Avgiv eywb k‡m¨i `vbv eywb hZUyKy Avgv‡`i cÖ‡qvRb ey‡b w`B Avgv‡`i fwel¨r| A‡bKUv mgq †M‡jv †njv‡djv, A‡bKUv mgq †M‡jv GB †f‡e Kx eyb‡ev GBUyKy wbùjv Rwg‡Z; GB Kv‡j Kx Avi †evbvi Av‡Q †f‡e †M‡Q MZKvj; GB Kx †evbvi mgq? †mB wb‡q Av‡jvPbv wb‡q †M‡Q KZUv mgq; wKQyUv mgq †M‡jv GB †f‡e Kv‡K Kv‡K mv‡_ †b‡ev GB i“`ª `yc‡y i; GB me †f‡e †f‡e Avgv‡`i nq wb †evbv hv †`‡e km¨ Avi Avgv‡`i †mvbvjx dmj| wKQy wKQy exR eywS †cvKv-Kx‡U bó n‡q‡Q, Avmyb, †e‡QB Zzwj hv wKQy `iKvi|

Zv n‡j †h †mBevi †Zvgiv mevB wg‡j ey‡bwQ‡j k‡m¨i `vbv, g‡b c‡o? exR¸‡jv, Pviv¸‡jv mvwi mvwi ey‡bwQ‡j gvwU‡Z; †mvbvjx km¨ n‡e GB wQ‡jv Avgv‡`i AvKv•ÿv; Avgv‡`i ¯^cœ¸‡jv †f‡ewQ R‡ji aviv †f‡ewQ k‡m¨i `vbvq eywS †X‡j w`w”Q cÖvY †hb Zviv i“² gvwU †f` K‡i n‡e DaŸ©gwy L, †hb Abve„wó †kl K‡i bvg‡e el©b| Avgv‡`i †mB km¨ K‡e Kviv wb‡q †M‡Q? Kviv Z‡e cvKv av‡b gB w`‡q bó K‡i‡Q me? Kviv †hb AvMvQvi g‡Zv K‡i ey‡bwQ‡jv Zxeª N„bvi exR Zuv‡`i wPwb wb; Avgv‡`i fv‡jvevmvi wekvj km¨ †¶Z †_‡K DavI K‡i‡Q cÖvY Kviv †hb msnv‡ii wel †X‡j GB Rwg wbùjv K‡i‡Q| Avgv‡`i Rvbv Av‡Q, Avgv‡`i g‡b Av‡Q, we¯§„Z nB wb wKQyB, g‡b Av‡Q, g‡b Av‡Q|

16


Zv n‡j Avmyb GB me AbwfÁ K…l‡Ki mv‡_ †gjvB Avgvi cv Zuv‡`i m‡½B hvB R‡ji Dr‡mi †Luv‡R; hZUyKy exR Av‡Q KxU I gvKo‡K civwRZ K‡i hZUyKy Av‡Q Av‡Rv Avgv‡`i m‡q fvM K‡i mK‡jB ey‡b w`B GB †Pbv †cvovi gvwU‡Z|

¯§„wZiv GL‡bv Wv‡K; GLb GB wbùjv cÖvš—‡i `uvwo‡q AvwQ, GLb Avevi Liv, AvMvQvq †X‡K †M‡Q GB km¨ †¶Z| K…l‡Ki eyK‡Piv nvnvKvi wbk‡ã wejxb; †K Kv‡K †kvbv‡e GB e¨_©Zvi Ki“b †iv`b? Zey †`wL K‡qKwU Zi“Y eywS †hŠe‡bi AvwZk‡h¨ Rwg gv‡c R‡ji Drm †Luv‡R; ZvKvq Gw`K †mw`K| Awek¦vmx †Pv‡L fv‡eÑ GBLv‡b? GBLv‡b? GB †cvov gvwU‡Z GKw`b dm‡ji m¤¢vebv Zz‡jwQ‡jv gv_v! Avnv!

GB †Zv km¨ †evbvi mgq hLb ivLevi Kuva Av‡Q, aievi nvZ Av‡Q, Zvi“‡Y¨i ¯ú„nv Av‡Q, JׇZ¨i kw³ Av‡Q; nv‡ji djviv n‡q‡Q Zx², gy‡Lv‡ki Avovj †_‡K †ewo‡q‡Q msnvix gyL hLb wP‡bwQ Kviv GKw`b Avgv‡`i dmjx Rwg‡Z i“‡q w`‡qwQ‡jv AvMvQvi Svo| Avmyb, Zv n‡j eyb‡Z _vwK, ïi“ †nvK AvRB Z‡e ïi“ †nvK|

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m½xwU Drmv‡ni AvwZk‡h¨ evievi mvg‡b Su‡y K co‡Q| Zejv-nvi‡gvwbqvg-gw›`ivi wgwjZ myiaŸwb‡Z PZ¡iLvbv GZUvB gyLwiZ †h, RvqMvwU cy‡iv †RjLvbvi m‡½ †egvbvb; Gi m‡½ Zzj¨ †Kej K‡qw`‡`i mhZœPwP©Z evnvwi dzjevMvb I †RjLvbvi Avbv‡P Kvbv‡P G‡m-emv `jQyU ¯^vaxb cvwL¸‡jv| nvi‡gvwbqvg evwR‡q cwjøMxwZ ÔI hvi Avcb Lei Avcbv‡i nq bv/ GKevi Avcbv‡i wPb‡Z cvi‡j hv‡e A‡Pbv‡i †Pbv/ I hvi Avcb Lei...Õ MvB‡Z-_vKv Kvjy WvKvZ‡K wPb‡Z †c‡i evbvZ Avjx `vi“Y wknwiZ| GKRb `ya©l© WvKv‡Zi MjvI wK Z‡e GZ my›`i nq! wkíx Avãyj Avwj‡gi fvewkl¨B e‡U| Mv‡bi Zv‡jZv‡j †m GwM‡q G‡m kv‡bi †g‡S‡Z e‡m c‡o Avj‡Mv‡Q| Avb›`Nb MvqKx fw½ †`‡L †K ej‡e GB KUv w`b Kvjy WvKvZ †ek gbgiv wQj| GKB 4 bs Iqv‡W©i evwm›`v nIqvq Kvjy WvKvZ‡K KvQ †_‡K †`Lvi my‡hvM wg‡j‡Q eBwK| Rvbv †M‡Q A‡bK ARvbv Z_¨: WvKvwZi mgq Ab¨ wKQy bq, WvKvwZ KivUvB _v‡K gyL¨; GKvš— eva¨ bv-n‡j Zviv LybLvivwci g‡a¨ hvq bv Avi †g‡q‡Q‡j‡`i nvZ a‡i UvbvUvwbÑAv‡i †m †Zv AwPš— bxq, ZIev-ZIev! Ab¨ †g‡q‡Q‡j‡`i m¤§v‡bi †Pv‡L †`L‡j n‡e Kx, Kvjyi fv‡M¨ cyi¯‹viwU Ry‡U‡Q wb`vi“Y wecixZ fw½gvq| Av`vjZ Kvjyi †Rj †W‡K †`Iqvi ci Zvi eD wbqwgZ †`Lvmv¶vr Ki‡jI, me©‡kl mv¶vr-ce©wU †j‡R †Mve‡i n‡q †M‡Q| eD‡qi m‡½ h_vixwZ †QvU‡Q‡jUvI G‡mwQj mv¶vr-K‡¶; wZb wK Pvi ¯—iwewkó †jvnvi wk‡Ki Gcvk †_‡K Kzkj Rvb‡Z PvB‡j eD‡qi Av‡M †QvU †Q‡jUv K_v e‡j I‡V wkïmyjf K‡É, Ôfv‡jvB AvwQ evRvb| gvi mv‡_ AvwgI bZzb ev‡ci evmvq DwVwQ| Rv‡bv, bZzb evc bv-Avgvi †ivR gRv wK‡b †`q|Õ weaŸsmx GB `k©bc‡e©i ci †_‡K cvlvYü`q Kvjy WvKvZ hrc‡ivbvw¯— wech©¯— n‡q c‡o, KÕw`b †Zv fvZ ch©š— †L‡Z cv‡iwb; Ôme SzU n¨vq, wejKzj SzU n¨vqÕ e‡j wm‡bgvi Kvq`vq KÕivZ `vcv‡jv ch©š—| AvR Mvb Kivi my‡L wKbv ejv KwVb, WvKvZ m`©vi G¶‡Y A‡bKUv wbf©vi| Kvjy WvKv‡Zi eD hv Lywk Ki“K, evbvZ Avjx g‡bg‡b Avk¦¯— nj i“wei K_v †f‡e| bv, i“we Ggb gvbylB bq †h, Pig wec‡`i w`‡b Zv‡K †Q‡o hv‡e| Zvi g‡Zv †evKv‡mvKv †jv‡Ki Rxe‡b wec`vc` †Zv Avi Kg Av‡mwb, wKš‘ i“we eiveiB Zvi mge¨_x; ej‡Z †M‡j Zv‡`i byb Avb‡Z cvš—v-dziv‡bvi msmv‡i i“wei f~wgKvB cÖavb| KviY we‡qi cÖ_g eQ‡iB i“we ey‡S †d‡j Zvi ¯^vgxcÖeiwU wb‡iU †Mv‡ePviv, Ggb †jv‡Ki wec` †Nv‡i c‡`-c‡`| e¯‘Z Zv‡`i we‡qi eQiUvB ïi“ nq


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ûgwo †L‡q covgvÎ wPiwb_i n‡q hvq Avi eofvB gK‡m` cyK‡z ii cvwb‡Z jvwd‡q c‡o kvb euvav‡bv Nv‡Ui m‡½ †jc‡U †_‡K Rv‡b i¶v cvq e‡U, wKš‘ Gi c‡ii Aa¨vqwU wQj g„Z¨z hš¿Yvi AwaK wefxwlKvgq| ÔwKWv evbvZ Avjx bv, Mvb ïbwZ PvI fv‡jv K_v, Zv duv‡K K¨v? †Kvj †Nu‡u l e‡mv|Õ MvqK-Kvg-`my¨m`©vi Kvjyi AvnŸv‡b evbvZ Avjxi A‡PZbZv Kv‡U| wKš‘ evbv‡Zi cÖZ¨z ˇii A‡c¶v bv-K‡i Kvjy WvKvZ c‡ii Mv‡b P‡j hvq, eD‡qi wek¦vmf‡½i ZvcR¡vjvB eywS Zvi K‡É Mvb n‡q S‡i c‡o Aweij| GUv mwVK †h, WvKvwZ Zvi †ckv Ges Gi mvRvI †m †fvM Ki‡Q, wKš‘ Gi evB‡iI wKQy bxwZwbôvi e¨vcvi _v‡KцmUv Zvi eD †Kb GKeviI j¶ Kij bv? B‡”Q Ki‡j WvKvwZ Kivi mgq †gv‡gi g‡Zv mv`v LyemyiZ †g‡q‡Q‡j‡`i Nv‡oi Ici Zz‡j wb‡q wM‡q †fvM Ki‡Z cviZ, KB †mUv Kiv †Zv `~‡i _vK, ivwÎKvjxb wX‡jXvjv Amse„Z †cvkv‡K-XvKv bvix‡`‡ni w`‡K bRi ch©š— †`qwb KLbI| A_P ZviB eD wKbv †Q‡ji nvZ a‡i DVj bv‡Oi evwo‡Z| ewj GUv †Kv‡bv b¨vqwePvi nj? wgkKv‡jv Kvjy WvKv‡Zi gyL cv‡b ZvwK‡q _vK‡Z-_vK‡Z evbvZ ¯§„wZ”Qbœ n‡q c‡o KLb| cvK‰mb¨‡`i wØZxq `jwU nuvm-gyiwM avIqv K‡i Gw`K Iw`K P‡j †M‡jI eofvB gK‡m` f‡qi †Pv‡U bovPov K‡i bv ch©š—; NvUmsjMœ GKwU cwiZ¨³ †XuwK a‡i bvK DuwP‡q LybivOv cvwb‡Z Vvq Wz‡e _v‡K| AZtci Awfkß `yciy wU coš— we‡K‡j Mov‡j nq Kx, ewR©Z †XuwK a‡i _vKvi †klkw³ †jvc cvIqvq †KejgvÎ gvbwmK kw³i †Rv‡i WvOvq D‡V Av‡m gK‡m`| Kx Avðh©, †jvKk~b¨ †jvKvjq ZLbI R¡j‡QB! `y Pvi‡U jvkI †Pv‡L co‡Q| i³v³ g„Z ev‡ci cv‡b KZ¶Y †m ZvwK‡q wQj †K Rv‡b, nVvr evwoi †cvlv KzKiz wU nvwRi n‡q Ki“Y my‡i wejvc ïi“ Ki‡Z AmviZv †K‡U wM‡q gK‡m‡`i g‡bi Ici cybivq g„Z¨z fq †P‡c e‡m; SwUwZ D‡V `uvwo‡q cvjv‡bvi †Póv K‡i| wKš‘ cvjv‡bv †Zv `~‡i _vK, gvRvi K‡j ¸wj jvMvq mvgvb¨ bovB KwVb| †m iv‡Z wQbvj Puv` †evaKwi GKUz Av‡Mfv‡M D‡VwQj nZ¨vhÁ‡K D`&hvcb Ki‡Z! hy‡×i cy‡iv bqgvm H LvbwK Puv‡`i GKUvB wWDwU wQjцR¨vrmœvi †dvKvm †g‡i-†g‡i binZ¨vi Drm‡e evowZ is hy³ Kiv| †ekig †R¨vrmœvq wf‡R mixm„‡ci ¯^fv‡e ey‡K †nu‡U mvg‡bi dmwj gvV wWwO‡q gK‡m` hLb AvL‡L‡Z cÖweó nq, ZLb Zvi †PZbv I ˆ`wnK mvg_©¨ jyßcÖvq| Xs Xs Xs| †cUvNÈvq ¸‡b-¸‡b ev‡ivwU evwo co‡Z Pviw`‡K GKUv ZU¯’fve; e¨¯—mg¯— n‡q DV‡Q †MvUv †RjLvbv| wVK `yciy ev‡ivUvq K‡qw`-nvRwZ‡`i Z…Zxqev‡ii g‡Zv †Mvbv¸bwZ n‡e| A_©vr mevB‡K

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`vg bv-_vKwj wK Avi w`‡bi gwa¨ Pvievi †Mv‡b? ZvB fve gv‡i eyjwZ B‡”Q Ki‡QÑAvwg nvRwZ m¨vi, Vvc Av‡Q G¶ywb wdi‡Z n‡e Iqv‡W©| ÔGB mevB hvb, GLyb dvBj ai‡e, dvBj|Õ g¨vU-Kvivi¶x‡`i ZvMv`vq evB‡i _vKvi Dcvq bvB; evbvZ ZvovZvwo ¯^xq Iqv‡W© wd‡i G‡m h_vwewnZ dvBj a‡i| cÖwZ MÖ“‡c PviRb K‡i e‡m dvBj ai‡Z hv †`wi, Kvivi¶x Iqv‡W© Xz‡K g¨v‡Ui mn‡hvwMZvq MYbv †kl K‡i mn‡R| we‡Kj cuvPUvq n‡e me©‡kl MYbv; w`‡bi g‡a¨ Pvi Pvievi wnmve †gjv‡bvi eni †`‡L †mw`b GK †VuvUKvUv nvRwZ e‡jB †d‡j, Ô†evR‡jb mM‡j, †R‡j Av‡m eySwZ cvijvg †h, Avgv‡i `vg Av‡Q| `vg bv-_vKwj wK Avi w`‡bi gwa¨ Pvievi †Mv‡b? ZvB fve gv‡i eyjwZ B‡”Q Ki‡QÑAvwg nvRwZ m¨vi, Vvc Av‡Q|Õ dvBj aiv †kl n‡Z †Mvmj mvi‡Z IqvW©jMœ weivU †PŠev”Pvi w`‡K nuv‡U evbvZ Avjx| GKmvwii wZb‡U cvqLvbvi c‡iB GB †PŠev”PvUv| cÖwZwU cvqLvbvi `iRv nvd; Aa©Db¥y³ y Gme cvqLvbvq emv gv‡b P¶zj¾vi gv_v LvIqv, cÖ_g KÕw`b cvqLvbvq Xz‡K †Zv evbv‡Zi cÖKw… Zi WvK DjUv gv_vq D‡V, †Kvôcwi®‹viB nZ bv| Avevi GQvov c_B-ev wK? GLv‡b GKgynZ ~ © †Pv‡Li Avovj nIqvi wbqg †bB; nvMv-gyZv ZvB GgZ we‡aq| †PŠev”Pvi wfo wKQy Kg, mKvj‡ejvi g‡Zv jvBb bv_vKvq mvgvb¨ A‡c¶vq RvqMv †c‡q g‡M cvwb Zz‡j SUcU †Mvmj mvi‡Z _v‡K †m| cvBc w`‡q ni`g cvwb XzK‡jI e›`xi msL¨v `yB wK wZb¸Y †ewk nIqvq †PŠŸv”Pv fivU nIqvi my‡qvM cvq bv, cvwb wb‡Pi w`‡K c‡o _v‡K cÖvqk| d‡j GKUz †ewk Su‡y K c‡o cvwb Zzj‡Z n‡”Q mevB‡K| †PŠev”Pvi Aci w`KKvi †`qvj †Nu‡l KvD‡K `uvov‡Z †`Iqv nqwb, †mLv‡b wZbRb ivRwgw¯¿ wm‡g›U-evwji gmjv gvLv‡”Q, †givgwZi KvR AviwK| ivRwgw¯¿‡`i cv‡k `uvov‡bv GKRb my‡ek †jvK‡K †`L‡Z †c‡q †Mvm‡ji Rb¨ A‡c¶gvY GKRb K‡qw` †PuwP‡q I‡V, ÔwKWv, Av‡i BmgvBjfvB bv? Zv K‡e †XvK‡jb? †kv‡bb, G‡L‡b Avwg †gjvw`b AvwQ, Kz‡bv Amywe‡a nwj AvgvK K‡eb|Õ my‡ek f`ª‡jvK Av‡gv‡` nvm‡jb, ÔAv‡i AvwKw›` †h, hvK †klZK †`Lv nj| Avwg Avm‡j Xz‡KwQ GBgvÎ, Z‡e †ewk mgq _vKe bv, EaŸ©c‡¶ NÈvwZ‡bK|Õ ivRwgw¯¿‡`i KvR ch©‡e¶YKvix `yRb cywj‡ki GKRb Gevi K‡_vcK_‡b †hvM †`q, Ô†kv‡bv AvwKw›`, BmgvBjfvB‡K Zzwg Kx g‡b Ki? mevB †Avgvi g‡Zv †PviQu¨vPo bvwK? BmgvBjfvB wcWvejywWi dvm wKjvm wVKv`vi, †RjLvbvi wi‡cqvi IqvK© Ki‡ZB Xz‡K‡Qb †fZ‡i|Õ e›`x AvwKw›` Aek¨ G‡Z AcÖwZf nq bv, ÔeySwZ fyj KwiwQ BmgvBjfvB, hvK †Mvm&mv n‡qb bv| Zv

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evwoi Kvi“ mvZ †`Lv nwj K‡eb Avwg fv‡jvB AvwQ| n, GKwn‡m‡e G‡L‡b fv‡jvB AvwQ; LvIqvi wP‡š— wb, civi wP‡š— wb, Zvwj Lvivc eywj K¨v¤^v? Kó hv Zv ivwËwi, Lvwj QvIqvj`y‡Wvi K_v g‡b c‡o! Div Kx Lvq bv-Lvq, B¯‹zwj wK hvq bvwK bvgB KvUv c‡o¨‡QÑLvwj GBme nvweRvwe g‡b c‡o| eDUvK cyqvwZ iv‡L AvwmwQ, Wv³vi my‡bv K‡i eywjwQj Bevi wgqv Av‡Q c¨v‡U| `yB QvIqv‡ji ci wgqvi K_v ï‡b Avgvi gywYi gvi Lywk `¨v‡L wKWv! Kx Ke BmgvBjfvB Lvwj Gme nvweRvwe g‡b c‡o...Õ ej‡Z-ej‡Z KÉ ev®úi“× n‡j †Mvmj bv‡m‡i AvwKw›` cv Pvwj‡q gv‡Vi Ab¨ cÖv‡š— P‡j hvq| evbv‡Zi †Mvmj mviv n‡Z bv-n‡Z Lvev‡ii wiKkvf¨vbwU †Xv‡K gv‡Vi gvSLv‡b| Ab¨ e›`x‡`i †`Lv‡`wL evbvZI _vjv nv‡Z PURjw` jvB‡b `uvovq| mvßvwnK eivÏgvwdK AvR gvsm ev wWg w`‡”Q; GKUzK‡iv ïK‡bv we¯^v` gvs‡mi e`‡j wWg †P‡q †bq evbvZ| Lvev‡ii _vjv nv‡Z wb‡q Iqv‡W© wd‡i G‡m Avi wej¤^ K‡i bv, Mig-Mig †L‡q †bq †m| AvR Zzjbvg~jK DbœZ Lvevi e‡j †Kv_vI D”PevP¨ †bB, GK‡hv‡M †L‡q †bq e›`xiv| LvIqv †kl K‡i cøvw÷‡Ki †evZ‡j XKXK K‡i cvwb Lvq evbvZ| †RjLvbvi m¤^j NwU-evwU-K¤^j ejv n‡j n‡e Kx, GLv‡b NwUi †Kv‡bv evjvB †bB, cwie‡Z© cøvw÷‡Ki †evZjB mB| LvIqv`vIqv †m‡i wb‡q GKwU K¤^j †g‡S‡Z †c‡Z evwK K¤^jwU evwj‡ki g‡Zv fuvR K‡i evbvZ fvZNy‡gi †Zvo‡Rvo Ki‡jI AwaKvsk e›`x bvBb Zvm wKsev Mí¸R‡e gk¸j _v‡K| bv‡gB Zvm‡Ljv, g~jZ wmMv‡i‡Ui c¨v‡KU evwR a‡i P‡j Ryqv‡Ljv; wcwm †`vKv‡b RgvK…Z UvKvi †Rv‡i P‡j GB Ryqv‡LjvwU| kh¨v †c‡Z evbvZ GKUz KvZ n‡Z e›`xiv nVvr †kvi‡Mvj K‡i I‡V| Kx e¨vcvi? †Rjvi mv‡n‡ei AvPvi evwb‡q wnR‡o bRi“‡ji Iqv‡W© c`vc©Y‡K ¯§iYxq K‡i ivL‡Z IqvW©evmxiv †hb Djøvm cÖKvk K‡i| ÔZziv me `¨vL, wnR‡j †Xv‡K‡Q, wnR‡jÕ e‡j †KD-†KD wmwU gv‡i| Ggwb‡Z bRi“j Anwb©k bv‡Pi gy`ªvq _v‡K, Z`ycwi KZ©ve¨w³ †Rjvi mv‡n‡ei AvPvi evbv‡bvi †`gv‡K GLb Zvi cv gvwU‡ZB co‡Q bv| m¨v¤új wn‡m‡e K‡qK UzK‡iv AvPvi Uu¨v‡K Mu‡y R G‡bwQj, bM` K…wZZ¡ Rvwn‡ii wbwg‡Ë †m¸‡jv Gevi wewjeÈb K‡i bRi“j, ÔLv‡q `¨v‡nb Kx gvj evbvBwQ GKnvb, †Rjvi mv‡q‡ei †PŠÏ‡Mvwôi †KD G‡e¨ AvPvi †Pv‡n `¨v‡n bvB| n fvB, KwVb AvPvi, GKevi gywn w`wj Lvwj Lv‡iiB B‡”Q Kiwe|Õ bRi“‡ji †jKPvi †hb _vg‡Z Pvq bv| AvPv‡ii GK‡Kvbv evbvZI †P‡L †`‡L, wKš‘ †Zgb †Kv‡bv ¯^v`-M‡Üi bvMvj cvq bv| n‡Z cv‡i AvPvi


wVKB Av‡Q, †`vlUv Zvi wb‡Ri, †RjLvbvi e× cwi‡e‡k GKUvbv _vKvi d‡j Zvi Bw›`ªqkw³ nq‡Zv †fuvZv n‡q †M‡Q| ZvB †Kv‡bv gZvgZ e¨³ bv-K‡i Avev‡iv †m †kvqvi Av‡qvRb K‡i, wKš‘ fivnv‡Ui g‡Zv ˆn-njøv we‡kl K‡i †_‡K†_‡K bRi“‡ji bvP-Mv‡bi †`Šiv‡Z¥¨ †m †Zv †m, ¯^qs Kz¤¢KY© Nygv‡Z cvi‡e wKbv m‡›`n| ˆn‰P hLb Pi‡g ZLb Rgv`vi mv‡ne mUvb G‡m nvwRi| NUbv Kx? AvPvi †L‡q †Rjvi mv‡ne bRi“j‡K G¶ywb Zuvi LvmKvgivq Zje K‡i‡Qb| Giƒc WvK †c‡q bRi“j Lywk‡Z AvULvbv, bZ©‡bi fw½‡Z †Kej kixi †gvPov‡Z _v‡K; cvi‡j Rgv`vi mv‡n‡ei †gvQyqv Mv‡j Pvi `y Mybv AvUUv Pzgy Lvq| wKš‘ Rgv`vi mv‡n‡ei LUg‡U e`bLvwbi w`‡K †PvL co‡Z †Kb Rvwb bRi“j Pzc‡m hvq: †Kv‡bviKg bvUKxqZvq bv-wM‡q Rgv`vi mv‡n‡ei †cQb-†cQb †ewi‡q hvq my‡eva evj‡Ki Pv‡j| †mB duv‡K w`we¨ GKNyg cv‡o evbvZ; w`ev¯^‡cœ evRvb G‡m nvj K‡i evievi| †Kv‡bvcÖKvi Kvdb-RvbvRv Qvov evc‡K †m gvwUPvcv w`‡qwQj e‡jB wK GgbwU n‡”Q GB Amg‡q? Am¤¢e Kx, n‡Z cv‡i| †h-gvbyl †Kv‡bvw`b bvgvR KvRv K‡i bvB, †`L Zvi Kcv‡jB wKbv RvbvRv `~‡ii K_v, Kvd‡bi m¯—v gvwK©b KvcoUzKI z RyUj bv! evc wK Z‡e µz×? Ny‡gi †Nv‡i Av”Qv d¨vmv‡` c‡o evbvZ| †Lvqv‡ei g‡a¨ evc‡K GLb †m †evSvq Kx K‡i †h, IB mvgvb¨ gvwUPvcvUzKBz ZLb AMYb knx‡`i fv‡M¨ †Rv‡Uwb! ke‡fvRx kKzb-†kqvj I KzKiz Qvov G‡`‡k Avi †KD fv‡jv wQj bv ZLb| mK‡ji wb‡la I g„Z¨z Suwy K D‡c¶v K‡i c‡ii w`b GKgvÎ †m Qvov Avi †K evwo‡Z wM‡qwQj ïwb| KB evc ev eofvB gK‡m‡`i †Luv‡R Ab¨ fvBiv †Zv GKevi DuwKI w`j bv †mLv‡b| Aek¨ Gi Rb¨ Ab¨ fvB‡`i †`vlv‡ivc KivUvI wVK n‡e bv; KviY m`i mo‡Ki cvk¦©¯’ Zv‡`i gnjøvq †XvKv gv‡bB giY †Vuv‡U K‡i †XvKv| mvivw`b cvKv moK a‡i wgwjUvwi Mvwo¸‡jv Unj gvi‡Q †Zv gvi‡QB; AwaKš‘ †MvUv gnjøv cy‡o LvK n‡q hvIqvq jyKv‡bvi AveWvj ch©š— †bB| ïaygvÎ KZ©e¨‡ev‡ai Zvobvq †m †h Qy‡U wM‡qwQj, Zv bq| GKUzLvwb eyw×cÖwZeÜxI wK †m bq? eD i“wei K_vB †evanq wVK, ÔZzgvi Av‡°jÁvb Avi nwe †b Kz‡bvw`b| Kx Av‡Q Avgvi eiv‡Z wKWv Rv‡b?Õ i“wei Av‡¶caŸwbi Aek¨ wfwË Av‡Q| bv-†m PvjvK, bv-†m mZK©| Avov‡j-AveWv‡j Zv‡K Roeyw×I wK e‡j bv-‡KD †KD? Kx Avi Kiv, hvi hv Lywk e‡j ejyK| AvR ga¨eq‡m G‡m wb‡R‡K e`jv‡bv wK GZ mnR? Avcbv‡K e`jv‡bv hLb Am¤¢e, ZLb eD ev `yÕKb¨vi Z‡i

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ˆn-û‡jøv‡oi g‡a¨B evbv‡Zi ¯§„wZKvZi †Pv‡Li cvZvq Av‡iK`dv Nyg bv‡g| Avi Agwb Ny‡gi g‡a¨ myo–Z K‡i Xz‡K c‡o eofvB gK‡m` Avjx AvnvRvwi K‡i †Kv‡bv jvf Av‡Q? eo‡g‡qUv fiv‡cvqvwZ, GB mg‡q †g‡qiv k¦ïievwo †_‡K ev‡ci evwo‡Z G‡m _v‡K| i“wei GKvi c‡¶ wK GLb GB ¸i“`vwqZ¡cvjb Kiv m¤¢e? Gw`‡K †QvU‡g‡qi Ae¯’v AviI Lvivc; G eQi †QvU‡g‡qi we‡qUv fv‡jvq-fv‡jvq w`‡j n‡e Kx, c‡Yi UvKv I gvVvb Rwg †ePvi UvKvq †QvURvgvB `ygvm Av‡M we‡`‡k cvwo Rwg‡q c‡o‡Q g¯— wec‡`; PvKwi cvIqv †Zv `~‡ii wehq, Dj‡Uv RvwjqvZ P‡µi wkKvi n‡q †Rj LvU‡Q gvj‡qwkqvi GK e›`xkvjvq; G Ae¯’vq Zv‡K †`‡k wdwi‡q Avb‡Z n‡jI PvB †gjv UvKv| GZ me Sw° GLb i“we GKvKx mvgjvq Kx K‡i? i“wei Av‡iKwU gš—e¨I eywS ev¯— evbyM, Ô†kv‡bv, Zzwg Avi Zzgvi eo gK‡m`fvB n”Q GK wKwmwgi; n, Zzgiv `yBRbB mygvb †eAv°j| Zzgvi nv‡Z c‡o Avgvi RxebWv R¡‡j †Mj|Õ i“wei wj‡÷ AviI GKwU bvg †hvM Kiv hvq: Zvi evc| bB‡j mKj‡K mwi‡q w`‡q ZvivB-ev †mw`b evwo‡Z _vK‡Z hv‡e †Kb? GUv wK GKcÖKvi †¯^”QvgiY bq? bv, bv, K_vUv fyj n‡”Q| Pviw`‡K GKUv RbkÖ“wZ i‡U wM‡qwQj †h, evwoN‡i gvbylRb bv-_vK‡j Lvb‡mbviv KzwcZ n‡”Q, R¡vwj‡q w`‡”Q M„n| fv‡M¨i Kx wbg©g cwinvm, RbkÖ“wZ Abyhvqx ev‡ci evwo‡Z †_‡K hvIqv wK N‡ii †`qv‡j eo-eo Bs‡iwR ni‡d †jLv ÔgymwjgÕ cwiPqwPý wKsev †klgyn‡~ Z© Lvb‡`i †`‡L ev‡ci AvZ¥i¶vg~jK †¯øvMvb ÔcvwK¯—vb wR›`vev`/ Kvq‡` AvRg wR›`vev`Õ-Gi †Kv‡bv c×wZB djcÖm~ nqwb bv †kl‡gk| Z‡e evc wKš‘ g‡i wM‡q cÖKvivš—‡i †eu‡P †Mj! †Kbbv ZLbKvi Ae¯’v GZ Lvivc wQj †h, RxweZiv †Kej g„Z‡`i‡KB wnsmv K‡i‡Q ej‡j AZz¨w³ nq bv| Gi AKvU¨ cÖgvY eofvB gK‡m` Avjx ¯^qs; †dvKvm-gviv †envqv †R¨vrmœviv‡Z mixm„‡ci fw½gvq nu¨v‡Pvocu¨v‡Pvo Ki‡Z-Ki‡Z GKmgq AvL‡L‡Z †cuŠQv‡j n‡e Kx, Pjrkw³ nvwi‡q mvsNvwZK AvnZ Ae¯’vq cv°v wZbw`b eofvB c‡o _vKj †mLv‡b; cv‡k c‡o-_vKv bvi‡K‡ji †Lv‡j e„wói cvwbUzKBz wQj ¶zrwccvmv wbevi‡Yi GKgvÎ m¤^j Avi mnvq wQj evwoi †mB †cvlv KzKiz wU; b‡Pr ZvMov †kqv‡ji `j wK Zv‡K Av¯— ivLZ, †L‡q †djZ R¨vš— B| wZbw`b ev‡` GKRb ivLv‡ji mnvqZvq hw`I-ev †m cv‡ki MÖv‡g Avkªq †cj, wKš‘ cwiw¯’wZi bvUKxq †gvo wb‡Z wej¤^ nq bv| wVK GB RvqMvq G‡m †Lvqv‡ei Av‡ek †f‡O hvq e›`x‡`i mw¤§wjZ nƇMv‡j| e¨vcvi wKQy bv, †Rjvi mv‡n‡ei gyjvKvZ †m‡i wnR‡o bRi“j Iqv‡W© cÖ‡ek Ki‡Z e›`xiv ü`‡qvjøv‡m †g‡Z I‡V| wKš‘ wPicÖdj z ø bRi“‡ji gy‡L †Kv‡bv nvwm †bB, gyLLvwb †eRvq

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cvie bv|Õ Z‡e Zvi Rxe‡bi P~ovš— †evKvwgi NUbvwU N‡U ¯^vaxbZvi wVK eQi †`‡o‡Ki gv_vq| ÔwK wgqv †Kej †e‡fv‡i †Nvg cvowj nwe, IV IV| BÆz ci a~cay‡bv w`we| IV w`wb|Õ g¨v‡Ui Wv‡K aodwo‡q D‡V em‡Z evbvZ †`‡L IqvW© cÖvq duvKv| wmsnfvM e›`x evB‡i, hw`I wnR‡o bRi“j‡K †Kv_vI †`Lv hv‡”Q bv| Iqv‡W©i Nwo‡Z ZLb we‡Kj mv‡o Pvi‡U; we‡Kj mv‡o PviUv †_‡K cuvPUv Awã GB AvaNÈv mgqmxgvwU w`bgv‡bi me©‡kl Kg©gL y i mgq| `yRb K‡qw` a~gvwqZ a~cwP nv‡Z Iqv‡W© cÖ‡ek Ki‡Z evbvZ evB‡ii gv‡V †ewi‡q Av‡m| a~c †`Iqv †kl n‡j wbwñ`ª wbivcËv wbwðZ Ki‡Z Ab¨ `yRb K‡qw` †gvUv †jvnvi iW N‡l `ycv‡ki Rvbvjvi wkK¸‡jv cix¶v Ki‡Q Av‡Lwiev‡ii g‡Zv| BZ¨em‡i Lvev‡ii wiKkvf¨vb †Lvjv gv‡V cÖ‡ek Ki‡j iv‡Zi Lvevi msMÖn K‡i hvi hvi Iqv‡W© P‡j hvq e›`xiv| Iqv‡W©i `iRvq fvix Zvjv covi Av‡M PZz_©evi MYbvi KvR wb®úbœ Kiv nq h_vwbq‡g| GLb †_‡K Avi evB‡i †ei“‡bvi my‡hvM †bB; †RjLvbvi ivZ bv‡g ZvB †ek Av‡Mfv‡M A_©vr we‡Kjmn †RjLvbvi ivZ eo †ewk `xN©| we‡K‡ji coš— Av‡jvq †ewki fvM e›`x †L‡q wb‡jI †NviMÖ¯— evbv‡Zi †L‡Z B‡”Q Ki‡Q bv GK`g| cyi‡bv K_v GZ nvj Ki‡j eywS LvIqv hvq? Zvi AvoóZv j¶ K‡i cv‡ki wecøex †bZv knx`yj nK e‡j, ÔI‡n evbvZ, Lv”Q bv †h| evwoi K_v †f‡e wK gbLvivc?Õ wfbœ DËi w`‡j wg‡_¨ ejv nq †f‡e evbvZ PzcPvc _v‡K| GKevi d¨vj‡dwj‡q ZvwK‡q `„wó bvwg‡q †bq †Kej| knx`yj nK †jvKUv †ek, me©`v `y‡Uv wgwó K_v e‡j mvnm †hvMvq| k¥kÖ“gwÐZ knx`yj n‡Ki †MÖdZvice©wU PgKcÖ`B e‡U| cÖ_gevi †MvUv GjvKv wN‡i †d‡j cywjk hLb Rvj †QvU K‡i Avb‡Q, ZLb cjvqgvb knx`yj nK‡K gy‡LvgywL †c‡qI cywjk wPb‡Z cv‡i bv, DjUv Zv‡KB wR‡Ám K‡iwQj knx`yj nK‡K †m †P‡b wKbv| Rei`¯— gymwjøi g‡Zv Zvi Pvc`vwo I Zzjbvg~jK †ewk eqm †`‡L cywjkiv nq‡Zv weåvš— nq| Z‡e c‡ii wKw¯—‡Z cywjk‡`i fyj nq bv, GK we‡Kj‡ejv ARcvovMuv‡qi GKUv wgwói †`vKvb †_‡K Zv‡K cvKovI K‡i †d‡j| evbvZ‡K wbi“Ëi †`‡L knx`yj nK GKMvj nv‡m, Ôbv, Zzwg †`LwQ G‡Kev‡i †Q‡jgvbyl| †Zvgv‡K w`‡q wK”Qy n‡e bv| Avgv‡`i †RjLvbv wK Avi Avkªg †h, fvZ evwm n‡jI †L‡Z cvi‡e; bvI, PUcU †L‡q bvI|Õ Ôn, LvB| e‡m BÆz `g wbwZwQ|Õ e‡j evbvZ LvIqvi e¨vcv‡i c~e©er Mwogwm K‡i| Av”QbœZv KvwU‡q

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cv°v `yÕNÈv ev‡` Kv‡i›U G‡j ayg AvÇvi cvkvcvwk Ryqvi Zvm evU‡Z _v‡K e›`xiv| Ab¨vb¨ Iqv‡W© wUwf _vK‡jI Zv‡`i IqvW© Kvbv; we‡bv`‡bi evjvB †bB †L‡Z em‡Z bv-em‡Z mܨvi †jvW‡kwWs ïi“ nq| †jvnvi wk‡Ki gReyZ `iRvi evB‡i Iqv‡W©i eviv›`vqivLv nvwi‡K‡bi Av‡jv Zvi ch©š— Avmvi Av‡M wd‡K n‡q †M‡Q| Av‡jv-Auvavwi‡Z LvIqvi D‡`¨vM wb‡j knx`yj nK Zvi jvBUvi GwM‡q †`q, ÔAvnv, AÜKv‡i Lv‡e Kx K‡i? jvBUv‡ii †QvÆ Av‡jv R¡vwj‡q w`w”Q| †`‡Lï‡b †L‡q bvI|Õ jvBUv‡ii GKwPj‡Z Av‡jvq †Kv‡bvg‡Z †L‡q evbvZ LvwbK wRwi‡q wb‡q Aewkó wmMv‡iUwU aivq| MZKvj Zv‡K wZb‡U wmMv‡iU w`‡qwQj wnR‡o bRi“j; hv-B KI bv-‡Kb, †g‡qwj ¯^fv‡ei Kvi‡YB bRi“‡ji gbUv gvqv`qvq fiv; nq‡Zv G R‡b¨ bRi“‡ji c‡¶ wK‡kvi Iqv‡W© ivw·ejv GKvKx mgq KvUv‡bv KóKi; KwVb n‡jI †ewkw`b nq‡Zv bRi“j‡K AvUK _vK‡Z n‡e bv| †ek¨vcvovi nZ©vKZ©v A_ev _v‡bi ev`evwK wnR‡oiv we‡kl K‡i ¸i“gv wbðq nvZ ¸wU‡q e‡m †bB| †KvU© †_‡K bRi“‡ji Rvwg‡bi KvMR Avmv ZvB mg‡qi e¨vcvigvÎ| wKš‘ Zvi †ejvq? Zvi gyw³i hveZxq c_ wK B‡Zvg‡a¨ i“× n‡q hvqwb! wePwjZ fw½‡Z wmMv‡iU duK y ‡Z _v‡K j¤^v-j¤^v Uv‡b| cv°v `yÕNÈv ev‡` Kv‡i›U G‡j ayg AvÇvi cvkvcvwk Ryqvi Zvm evU‡Z _v‡K e›`xiv| Ab¨vb¨ Iqv‡W© wUwf _vK‡jI Zv‡`i IqvW© Kvbv; we‡bv`‡bi evjvB †bB| Z‡e Avkvi evYx GB †h, 4 bs Iqv‡W©i GKRb A_©kvjx nvRwZ AwP‡i gyw³ †c‡Z hv‡”Q; Rvwgb jvf KivgvÎ †m GKUv wUwf `vb Kivi e¨vcv‡i cÖwZkÖ“wZe×| evievi gkv ûuj †dvUv‡”Q †`‡L Mv‡qi Ici K¤^j †U‡b †bq evbvZ| a~cay‡bvq †Kv‡bv KvR nqwb| gkvwi LvUv‡bvi wbqg bv-_vKvq gkv¸‡jv µgk civµgkvjx n‡q DV‡Q| gkvi Kvg‡o AwZô †mB Kvjy WvKvZ‡K Gevi wLw¯— Ki‡Z †`Lv hvq, Ôkvjvi Pzw`i fvB gkv| †Zvi gv‡i evc...Õ GZ¶Y Mcmc wKsev Zvm †cUv hv-B PjyK, ivZ `kUv evR‡Z mevB‡K eva¨Zvg~jK ï‡q co‡Z nq| `yB GKRb Nvo DuPz Ki‡Z g¨v‡Ui mZK©evZ©v †f‡m Av‡m, Ôï‡q c‡ob mM‡j| gv_v †Zvj‡eb bv|Õ mevB wbtmvo n‡q ï‡q co‡jI Iqv‡W©i †Rviv‡jv evj¦¸‡jv wKš‘ Nygv‡e bv, mvivivZ GKfv‡e R¡j‡e| †Pv‡Li Ici Wvb nvZ Zz‡j w`‡q Nygv‡bvi †Póv K‡i evbvZ| wKš‘ ¯§„wZ †ivgš’‡bi `vc‡U Nyg Av‡m bv, ¯§„wZwPwýZ w`b¸‡jv †kvj gv‡Qi Suv‡Ki g‡Zv G‡m wfo K‡i| ¯^vaxbZvi eQi‡`‡o‡Ki gv_vq evjmyjf †KŠZ~n‡ji †h fq¼i †LmviZ †m †`q, †mUvB Ny‡iwd‡i g‡b c‡o| Zv‡`i evwoi wbKUeZ©x m`i moKwUi Aci cv‡k¦©i gv‡V c‡o_vKv GKUv AvcvZ A‡K‡Rv gU©v‡ii j¤^v‡U †Mvjv‡K

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41


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42

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43


mgv‡jvPbvi MnbZj I †`wi`vi Awewbg©vY-K_b gvmy`y¾vgvb 44


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wn‡m‡e D‡jøL Kiv n‡jI GwU ZË¡ bvwK e¨vL¨v-we‡køl‡Yi we‡kl ixwZc×wZ, Zv wb‡q cwðgx fveyKgÐjxi g‡a¨ cÖej weZK© Av‡Q| cUf~wg I HwZnvwmK BwZe„Ë Awewbg©v‡Yi cwiwPwZ DËi-KvVv‡gvev`x mvwnZ¨ZË¡ wn‡m‡e| A‡b‡KB G‡K DËi-KvVv‡gvev‡`i mgv_©K e‡j g‡b K‡ib| KvVv‡gvev`‡K P~Y© K‡i w`‡q DËi-KvVv‡gvev` mvwnZ¨-mgv‡jvPbvq †h wecø‡ei m~Pbv NwU‡qwQj, †mwU eyS‡Z n‡j c~e©m~ix‡`i fvebvi cÖwZÑKvVv‡gvev` Ges KvVv‡gvev‡`i hviv we‡ivwaZv K‡iwQ‡jb Ñ Df‡qi cÖwZ wKQzUv n‡jI `„wó †`Iqv cÖ‡qvRb| †cø‡Zv-cieZ©x cwðgx mf¨Zv †hfv‡e Rxeb I RMr‡K Abyave‡bi †Póv K‡i‡Q, †mB fvebvi cÖwZ Awewbg©vY Qz‡u o w`‡q‡Q cÖPÐ P¨v‡jÄ| AvVvikZ‡Ki divwm `vk©wbK, weÁvbx I MwYZÁ †i‡b †`KvZ© (1596-1650) mZ¨ I A_© m¤ú‡K© †h hyw³ev`x Av‡ivnx †gŠjaviYvi m~ÎcvZ NwU‡qwQ‡jb, wZwb Zv‡K G‡Kev‡i D‡ëv w`‡K Nywi‡q †`b| ÔAvwg wPšÍv Kwi, †mUvB Avgvi Aw¯ÍZ¡|Õ †`Kv‡Z© ev Kv‡Z©mxq GB ms‡e`bv wQj hyw³i Dci wbf©ikxj| mZ¨mÜvb Ki‡Z wM‡q wZwb gvbexq Zxeª Av‡eM I Kíbv‡K mwi‡q w`‡q hyw³i †h EaŸ©vqb NUvb, Zvi †XD AvVvi kZK Qvwo‡q wekkZ‡Ki fveyK‡`i wPšÍvRM‡Z AvQ‡o c‡o‡Q| GiB m~Î a‡i wek kZ‡Ki gvbeZvev`x, wkíx I `vk©wbK‡`i wPšÍv AvKvi †c‡q‡Q; AviI DbœZ GK c„w_exi K_v Zviv fve‡Z †c‡i‡Qb| Zviv g‡b K‡i‡Qb, hyw³B n‡”Q cÖMwZ| gvbyl hw` GB hyw³i Dci `uvwo‡q mewKQz K‡i Zvn‡j gvbemgvR mg¯Í mvgvwRK mgm¨vi mgvavb Ki‡Z cvi‡e| wKš‘ Dwbk kZ‡Ki †kl w`K †_‡K GB wek¦`„wó m¤^‡Ü m‡›`n †`Lv †`q| c`v_©weÁvb, fvlvZË¡, b„weÁvb, g‡bvweÁvb BZ¨vw` welq‡K wN‡i ev¯ÍeZvi cybt`k©b ev cybg©~j¨vq‡bi m~ÎcvZ N‡U| Bw›`ªq cÖZ¨ÿ e¯‘MZ AwfÁZvB n‡”Q mewKQz, GB fvebv‡K A‡b‡KB †g‡b wb‡Z cv‡ibwb| G‡`iB GKRb `vk©wbK-fveyK wk‡ivgwY †d«‡WwiK bxr‡m (1844-1900) e¯‘MZ m‡Z¨i Aw¯ÍZ¡ m¤^‡Ü cÖkœ Zz‡jwQ‡jb,

46

†NvlYv K‡iwQ‡jb Ck¦‡ii g„Z¨z | wZwb g‡b K‡iwQ‡jb mbvZb wPšÍvi cÖfve AvR Acm„Z, cÖKZ … ev¯ÍeZv w¯’i, HKe× wKsev P~ovšÍ bq; Av‡cwÿKZvev`x, MwZkxj, gy³ fvebvB mbvZb fvebv‡K cÖwZ¯’vwcZ Ki‡e| Avj‡eqvi AvBb÷vBb (1879-1955) 1905 mv‡j GKwU cÖeÜ (The Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies) cÖKv‡ki ga¨ w`‡q mgq, ¯’vb I ev¯ÍeZv m¤^‡Ü weÁvbx‡`i mbvZb aviYv Avg~j e`‡j w`‡jb| MwZi m‡½ mgxK…Z mg‡qi Øviv cÖwZ¯’vwcZ n‡jv AbšÍ mg‡qi aviYv| wPšÍvi GB †gŠwjK iƒcvšÍ‡ii †cÖÿc‡U wek kZ‡Ki gvbyl gvbexq AvPiY, aªæewek¦vm I ˆbwZKZv m¤^‡Ü GiKg cÖkœ Zz‡jwQj, Ôme wKQzB Kx Av‡cwÿK?Õ fvlv wb‡q Av‡iK ai‡bi APjvq‡bi m„wó n‡qwQj hv Ae¨vnZ wQj cÖvq `y‡kv eQi| fvlv‡K GB `xN© mg‡q fvev n‡q‡Q ¯^”Q Ggb GK gva¨g wn‡m‡e hvi g‡a¨ ev¯ÍeZv‡K h_vh_fv‡e XzwK‡q †`Iqv hv‡e Avi Zv jvf Ki‡e PgrKvi bv›`wbK iƒc| kãB eªþ, kãB mg¯Í A_© aviY K‡i Ges e¯‘ m¤úwK©Z aviYv k‡ãi gva¨‡gB cÖwZdwjZ nq| fvlv me A_©B aviY K‡i, †Kv‡bv wKQzi A_© †c‡Z ZvB mgm¨v nq bv| fvlv msµvšÍ GB fvebvi cvkvcvwk mvwnZ¨‡K fvev n‡qwQj Rxeb I gvbexq Ae¯’vi AbyKw… Z, cÖwZiƒc Avi cÖwZwbwaZ¡kxjZvi bv›`wbK cÖKvk wn‡m‡e| Rxebv‡_©i iƒcK n‡q D‡VwQj mvwnZ¨, hvi g‡a¨ Rxe‡bi cÖej Dcw¯’wZ N‡U; Zviv †f‡ewQ‡jb GB Rxe‡bi MÖwš’‡gvPb K‡i Abyaveb Kiv hv‡e Rxe‡bi mgMÖ ¯^iƒc| GiKg GKUv cUf~wg‡Z ¯^vfvweKfv‡eB mgv‡jvP‡Ki KvR wQj wbe©vwPZ mvwn‡Z¨i cyiælv_© Avi A‡_©v×vi| iæk cÖKiYev`x‡`i K_vB aiv hvK, Zviv Dwbk kZ‡Ki AwfÁZvev`x wek¦`w„ ó‡K (empericial worldview) wek kZ‡K †U‡b G‡b g‡b K‡iwQ‡jb KweZv n‡”Q cÖKiY I MVb‰kjxi w`K †_‡K ¯^qsm¤ú~Y© wkí, hv Zvi wb‡Ri wbq‡gB MÖwš’Z Ñ `y‡e©va¨Zv, †køl, we‡ivavfv‡mi mgvnvi| Zviv KweZv Kx A_© †`q †m wel‡q Drmvnx nIqvi cwie‡Z© Kxfv‡e GwU A_©‡evaK n‡q I‡V, bRi w`‡qwQ‡jb †mBw`‡K| cÖKiYev`x‡`i

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†mB c×wZ Avwe®‹vi Kiv| †Kv‡bv m„Rbkxj †U·U ev †jLvi GUvB n‡”Q ˆewkó¨; †U·U memgq Abb¨, bZzb| d‡j GKwU GKK iPbvi A‡bK¸‡jv A_© Ki‡Z cv‡ib †h-†Kv‡bv cvVK, me A_©B n‡e MÖnYxq, GKwU A‡_©i Øviv cÖwZ¯’vwcZ Kiv hv‡e Av‡iKwU A_©‡K| KvVv‡gvi cÖwZ `„wó bv w`‡q Awewbg©vY ZvB †`‡L †Kv_vq †jLvwU ¯^we‡ivax n‡q DV‡Q, †Kv_vq ci¯úiwe‡ivax Abym½ Dc¯’vcb Ki‡Q; †Kv_vq cvIqv hv‡”Q GKwU kã ev k㸇”Qi GKvwaK A_©| Awewbg©v‡Yi g~j K_v n‡jv †jLvi GB ¯^we‡ivax Ask¸‡jv‡KB Awewbg©vY K‡i wb‡Z n‡e, A_©vr wbg©vY-Awbg©v‡Yi ga¨ w`‡q †jLvwUi A‡_©v×vi Ki‡Z n‡e| mvwnwZ¨K iPbvi, ZvB ejv †h‡Z cv‡i, GKK †Kv‡bv mywbw`©ó A_© †bB †h-A_© we‡kølY K‡i †`Lv‡Z cv‡ib †Kv‡bv KZ…©Z¡ev`x mgv‡jvPK ev †jLK| KZ…Z © e¡ v`x ejwQ GR‡b¨ †h Bs‡iwR‡Z †jLK‡K ÔA_iÕ (author) e‡j D‡jøL Kiv nq, GB A_‡ii Drm n‡”Q ÔA_wiwUÕ ev KZ…©Z¡civqYZv| Awewbg©v‡Y mgv‡jvP‡Ki GB KZ…Z © ¡ G‡Kev‡i Le© n‡q †M‡Q, †m n‡q D‡V‡Q GKRb cvVKgvÎ, hw`I Zvi cvVwU n‡e Ab¨ A‡b‡Ki cv‡Vi PvB‡Z Mfxi, AšÍ‡f©`x| †U·‡Ui †fZ‡i bvbv ai‡bi †h †`¨vwZZ c×wZ (signifying system) i‡q‡Q, †mBme c×wZi we‡køl‡Yi ga¨ w`‡qB iPbvi A_© Ki‡eb mgv‡jvPK, KLbI KLbI hv ¯^we‡ivax A_©I w`‡Z cv‡i| mˇii `k‡K mvwnZ¨-mgv‡jvPbvq Awewbg©v‡Yi e¨vcK cÖfve c‡o, we‡kl K‡i Gi mªóv RvK †`wi`v (19302004) wKse`šÍxZzj¨ `vk©wbK L¨vwZ cvIqvq BD‡iv-gvwK©b mvwnZ¨ mgv‡jvPK cwigЇj GB we‡kølY c×wZwU wecyjfv‡e mgv`„Z I PwP©Z n‡q‡Q| bxr‡m I gvwU©b nvB‡`Mvi (18891976) wQ‡jb †`wi`vi fvebv Drm, GB `yB `vk©wbK KZK¸‡jv †gŠwjK aviYv, †hgb Ávb, mZ¨ Ges e¨w³mËvi ¯^iƒc D‡b¥vP‡bi †Póv K‡i‡Qb| wek kZ‡Ki †klv‡a© GB cÖm½¸‡jvi ch©v‡jvPbv m~‡Î BD‡iv-gvwK©b fveyKgÊjx Rxe‡bi A_© Ly‡u R †c‡Z †P‡q‡Qb| †`wi`vI G †ÿ‡Î †h Ae`vb †i‡L‡Qb ZvI wQj Abb¨, Af~Zc~e|© `vk©wbK wRÁvmvi c×wZ I

47


cÖvmw½KZv wb‡q wZwb cÖkœ Zz‡j‡Qb| gvwK©b hy³iv‡óª Awewbg©vY GZUvB cÖfve we¯Ívi K‡iwQj †h B‡qj wek¦we`¨vj‡q G‡K wN‡i M‡o D‡VwQj GKUv cÖfvekvjx †Mvôx| GB ZË¡wU‡K ZvB A‡b‡KB ÔB‡qj mgv‡jvPbv †MvôxÕ bv‡g AwfwnZ K‡i _v‡Kb| cÖL¨vZ †ek K‡qKRb mvwnZ¨-mgv‡jvPK I ZvwË¡K, †hgb wRI‡d« nvU©gvb (R. 1929), n¨viì eøgy (R. 1930), cj †` gvb (1919-83), †R. wnwjm wgjvi (R. 1928) Awewbg©vY‡K mvwnZ¨-mgv‡jvPbvi me‡P‡q D‡jøL‡hvM¨ c×wZ wn‡m‡e MÖnY K‡iwQ‡jb| Z‡e ejv evûj¨, mevi Kv‡Q GwU mgvbfv‡e MÖnY‡hvM¨ nqwb| Kv‡iv Kv‡iv Awf‡hvM, mvwn‡Z¨i ¸iæZ¡‡K Le© K‡i G‡Z `k©b‡K cÖvavb¨ †`Iqv n‡q‡Q| A‡b‡Ki aviYv, Awewbg©vY †U·U‡K ïay kãµxov e‡j g‡b K‡i, k‡ãi KvimvwR w`‡q Avgv‡`i gb †fvjv‡Z Pvq| mvaviY cvV‡Kiv GB ZË¡wU‡K `y‡e©va¨ ZË¡ e‡j Gwo‡q P‡j|1 Awewbg©v‡Yi hviv mg_©K Zviv Aek¨ Gme Awf‡hvM Dwo‡q w`‡q e‡j‡Qb, GwU †U·U‡K Av‡Mi Zzjbvq A‡bK †ewk Mfxifv‡e we‡kølY K‡i| fvlv I eqv‡bi †h eûgvwÎKZv Av‡Q, Av‡Q eû‡KŠwYK eybU, Awewbg©vY Zv Ly‡j Ly‡j †`‡L Avi eû`~i Awã P‡j wM‡q wd‡i wd‡i Av‡m| Awbt‡klfv‡e D‡b¥vPb K‡i †`Lvq bvbvb A_©, hvi †Kv‡bvwUB P~ovšÍ ev w¯’i bq| Awewbg©v‡Y †kl K_v e‡j wKQz †bB|

Awewbg©v‡Yi PP©v ZË¡wUi m~ÎcvZ GB aviYv †_‡K †h fvlv AšÍMZ © fv‡e RwUj, †nuqvwjc~Y,© ¯^”Q bq; fvlvi ga¨ w`‡q †hvMv‡hvM ¯’vcb ZvB `yiƒnZg `ÿZvi e¨vcvi| Awewbg©vY g‡b K‡i, gvbexq D”Pvi‡Yi _v‡K A‡_©i bvbv m¤¢vebv| mnR †Kv‡bv weeiY‡K nq‡Zv bvbvfv‡e bvbv w`K †_‡K †`Lv †h‡Z cv‡i| hLwb Gi GKUv A_© K‡i Ab¨ A‡_©i w`‡K hvIqv hvq, ZLwb Zv ¯^we‡ivax n‡q I‡V| Kxfv‡e GUv N‡U? Awewbg©v‡Y †mvmyixq wPý n‡”Q †`¨vZK I †`¨vwZ‡Zi mgš^‡q m„ó gvbwmK cÖZxZx ev aviYv hv w¯’wZkxj bq, wbišÍi iƒcvšÍikxj GK mËv| fvlv GKwU c×wZ hv c„_KZvi Dci wbf©ikxj, †`wi`v

48

mˇii `k‡K mvwnZ¨-mgv‡jvPbvq Awewbg©v‡Yi e¨vcK cÖfve c‡o, we‡kl K‡i Gi mªóv RvK †`wi`v (19302004) wKse`šÍxZzj¨ `vk©wbK L¨vwZ cvIqvq BD‡iv-gvwK©b mvwnZ¨ mgv‡jvPK cwigЇj GB we‡kølY c×wZwU wecyjfv‡e mgv`„Z I PwP©Z n‡q‡Q| bxr‡m I gvwU©b nvB‡`Mvi (1889-1976) wQ‡jb †`wi`vi fvebv Drm

c~em© w~ ii GB wPšÍvm~·K MÖnY K‡i AviI GKavc GwM‡q e‡j‡Qb, †h-†Kv‡bv †`¨vZK AmsL¨ wfbœ wfbœ †`¨vZbv w`‡Z cv‡i| GKUv `„óvšÍ w`w”Q, Ôdzj`vwb‡Z †Mvjvc Av‡Q|Õ wZb k‡ãi GB evK¨wUi AmsL¨ A_© Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| †`¨vZK †Mvjvc Avgv‡`i g‡b RvwM‡q Zzj‡Z cv‡i Ab¨ dz‡ji Abyl½, n‡Z cv‡i †Kv‡bv w÷j jvBd (wPÎKjv), evMv‡bi Abyl½ Avb‡Z cv‡i, Mv‡Q dz‡U _vKv †Mvjv‡ci Qwei fve RvMv‡Z cv‡i, n‡Z cv‡i iƒcK, wPÎKí, †mŠ›`‡h©i †eva, cwi‡ek, AviI bvbvb wKQz| Gi GB cÖ‡Z¨KwU †`¨vZbv (Ab¨ dzj, w÷j jvBd, BZ¨vw`) Ab¨‡`i Abyl‡½ ev ms‡kø‡l iƒcvšÍwiZ n‡Z cv‡i †`¨vZ‡K, Avevi †mB †`¨vZK †_‡K cvIqv †h‡Z cv‡i bZzb bZzb †`¨vZbv| ms‡ÿ‡c ej‡j, GKwU †`¨vZK GKwUgvÎ †`¨vZbv ev gvbwmK aviYv †`q bv, Ab¨ †`¨vZK ˆZwi K‡i, gvjvi g‡Zv Ab¨ †`¨vZ‡Ki w`‡K †U‡b wb‡q hvq| †`¨vZK†`¨vwZ‡Zi mij e¨vL¨v Ab¨ Av‡iKfv‡e RwUj n‡q DV‡Z cv‡i| GKRb gvbyl

†køl-†KŠZz‡Ki m‡½ K_v ej‡Z cv‡ib, A_©vr ej‡Qb GKUv wKš‘ †evSv‡”Qb Ab¨ wKQz| Kɯ^‡ii IVvbvgvi IciI A_© wfbœ n‡q †h‡Z cv‡i| we‡kl we‡kl k‡ãi Ici †Rvi w`‡q Ávcb Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i D‡Ïk¨g~jK †Kv‡bv A_©| †mvmyi e‡j‡Qb, fvlv ïay e¯‘wbô ev¯ÍeZv‡K wb‡`©k K‡i bv, wb‡`©k K‡i gvbwmK aviYv ev cÖZxwZ‡K| wKš‘ Awewbg©v‡Y fvlv gvbwmK aviYv‡K wb‡`©k K‡i bv, wb‡`©k K‡i IB fvlv‡KB| GLvb †_‡KB wPýK ev †`¨vZ‡Ki Ae¨vnZ †Ljv ïiæ nq hv †Kv‡bv Aemi Avi cvq bv| Avgv‡`i wPšÍv, †`wi`v g‡b K‡i‡Qb, mZZ cwieZ©bkxj; d‡j †`¨vZK¸‡jv GKwU †_‡K Av‡iKwU‡Z P‡j hvq| Avgiv fvwe ev cÖZ¨vkv Kwi w¯’wZ, wKš‘ gvbyl fvlvi Rv‡j AvU‡K hvq, GB fvlv w¯’wZkxj n‡Z Pvq bv, cv‡iI bv| GB fvwlK µxov ïayB †Ljv bq, A‡_©i weågI ˆZwi K‡i bv| GKwU †`¨vZK †i‡L hvq cieZ©x †`¨vZ‡Ki wPý, IB wPý †_‡K ˆZwi nq Av‡iKwU A_©, IB A_© Avevi †i‡L hvq †h†`¨vZK, Zv †_‡K bZzb A_© ˆZwi Kiv hvq; †`¨vZK Avi A‡_©i cÖwµqvwU GBfv‡e Pj‡Z _v‡K| GKwU †U·‡Ui Gfv‡eB cvIqv hv‡e A‡bK A_©| GKwU kã‡K Avgiv wPwýZ Kwi Ab¨ k‡ãi m‡½ cv_©‡K¨i m~‡Î, kã ZvB ¯^qsm¤ú~Y© bq| GKwU kã (hv Dcw¯’Z) wPwýZ K‡i Kx Zv‡Z Abycw¯’Z| †`wi`v GB Abycw¯’wZ‡K GKwU divwm kã w`‡q e¨³ K‡i‡Qb, kãwU n‡”Q w`‡dium (différrance), evsjvq Avgiv G‡K D‡jøL Ki‡Z cvwi Ôwe‡f`bvÕ ev Ô¯’MbÕ e‡j| GwU LyeB RwUj GKwU cwifvlv| †`wi`v Gi Øviv †evSv‡Z †P‡q‡Qb Ôc„_KZvÕ Avi Ô¯’MbÕ (¯’wMZ †_‡K ¯’Mb)| †`wi`vi g~j K_vUv n‡jv, †jLvi ga¨ w`‡q A_© cÖKvk Ki‡Z Pvb †jLK, wKš‘ memgq Zv ¯’wMZ n‡q hvq, hv-B e‡jb bv †Kb, †Kv‡bv bv †Kv‡bv A_© Abycw¯’Z †_‡K hvq| Ávb Av‡m A‰bK¨, cv_©K¨ ev Abycw¯’wZ †_‡K; GUvB k‡ãi MwZkxj w`K ev cUf~wg| †`wi`v AviI e‡j‡Qb, †h†Kv‡bv †U·U ev iPbvi A_© cvIqv †h‡Z cv‡i Ab¨ iPbvi m‡½ AvšÍtm¤ú‡K©i (interrelatedness) m~‡Î| GwU GKwU Ae¨vnZ cÖwµqv hv iPbvwUi G‡Ki ci


GK A_© †`q, †`q bvbvb cvV| Awewbg©v‡Yi GB e¨vL¨v cÖm‡½, A_©vr GB w¯’i A‡_©i Abycw¯’wZ m¤^‡Ü A‡b‡KB A¯^w¯Í †eva K‡i‡Qb| Zviv g‡b K‡ib, hv Abycw¯’Z Zv †_‡K hw` A_© cvIqv hvq Ges †mB A_©I hw` P~ovšÍ e‡j MY¨ bv nq, Zvn‡j Awewbg©v‡Yi gva¨‡g †Kv‡bv e¯'wbô m‡Z¨ †cuŠQz‡bv hv‡e wK? cÖZ¨z ˇi †`wi`v e‡j‡Qb, A_© cvIqv hvq Ggb †Kv‡bv AZxw›`ªq †`¨vZbv (transcendental signified) †bB, †bB P~ovšÍ †Kv‡bv ev¯ÍeZv A_ev †kl e¨vL¨v| Avgiv GKUv wel‡qi A_© Kwi Ab¨ GKUv wel‡qi Abym‡½| hw` cwieZ©bnxb bv nq, Zvn‡j gvbyl †mB †`¨vZ‡Ki Aw¯ÍZ¡ wkKvi K‡i bv| gvbyl Pvq w¯’i GKUv †K›`ª, †Kbbv, †`wi`v e‡j‡Qb, gvbemgvR, we‡kl K‡i cwðgx wek¦ cy‡ivcywi A_©‡Kw›`ªK (logocentric)| Gi A_© n‡jv gvbyl †Luv‡R †K›`ª, †K›`ª‡K wN‡iB mg¯Í A_© AvewZ©Z nq| gvby‡li GB †h A_© ˆZwi Kivi cÖeYZv, †`wi`v G‡K civZvwË¡K (Metaphysical) cÖeYZv e‡j D‡jøL K‡i‡Qb| gvby‡li wek¦vm fvlv I †U·‡Ui †cQ‡b wKQzi Dcw¯’wZ Av‡Q| mf¨Zvi c‡e© c‡e© GB †K‡›`ªi bvbv bvg w`‡q‡Q gvbyl : mZ¨, Ck¦i, †cø‡Zvbxq KvVv‡gv, mËvmvi (essence) BZ¨vw`| Kx bvg w`‡q‡Q gvbemgvR †mUv e‡ov K_v bq, Gi cÖ‡Z¨KwU n‡”Q w¯’i, Pjgvb I cig; Gme †_‡KB Ab¨ Áv‡bi w`‡K hvq gvbyl| cwðgx Awawe`¨vi GUvB n‡”Q g~j ˆewkó¨, c„w_ex‡K cwð‡gi gvbyl †`‡L hyM¥Zvi (pair) ci¯úi wecixZ (binary opposition) m~Î AbymiY K‡i| †`wi`vi g‡Z GB wecixZ hyM& ¥ZvB n‡”Q †K›`ª| †Kv‡bv †U·U ev iPbvi gZv`k©‡K hw` eyS‡Z nq, Zvn‡j IB iPbvi g‡a¨ wecixZ hyM¥Zv‡K kbv³KiY Ki‡Z n‡e| Awewbg©v‡Yi †cÖÿvc‡U hviv iPbv‡K e¨vL¨v K‡ib, Zviv g‡b K‡ib GB we‡ivwaZvi w`KwU memgq †Zgb GKUv msNvZc~Y© nq bv| A‡b‡Ki aviYv, Avgv‡`i GB c„w_ex‡K mZ¨/wg_¨v, g½j/Ag½j, †cÖg/N„YvÑ Gfv‡e AwZ mijfv‡e e¨vL¨v Kiv hvq bv| GiKg fvebv Avgv‡`i RwUj fvebv I c„w_ex‡K eyS‡Z †mfv‡e mvnvh¨ K‡i bv, GwU msNvZ I ؛؇K Gwo‡q hvq; d‡j

m‡Z¨iB weK…wZ N‡U| Awewbg©vY GB mijZv‡KB AMÖvn¨ K‡i| †m †`L‡Z Pvq GKwU †`¨vZbvi wecix‡Z Ab¨ †Kvb †`¨vZbvwU Kvh©Ki i‡q‡Q, †Kvb mvsNwl©K Ae¯’v‡b GwU w¯’Z| Awewbg©vY Gfv‡eB GKwU †`¨vZ‡Ki A_©‡K Zvi wb‡Ri RvqMv †_‡K mwi‡q w`‡q Dc¯’vcb K‡i GK¸”Q m¤¢ve¨ †`¨vZbv‡K| GB †`¨vZK¸‡jv ZLb bZzb c„_KZvi †cÖÿvc‡U bZzb A_© †`q ev A_© †`Iqvi m¤¢vebv ˆZwi nq| GKwU wecixZ hyM¥Zv‡K †`wi`v Lye ¸iæZ¡ w`‡q‡Qb, †mwU n‡jv K_b/wjLb| †`wi`v g‡b K‡i‡Qb, wjL‡bi Dc‡i K_‡bi ¯’vb, K_v e‡jB gvbyl mivmwi †hvMv‡hvM ¯’vcb K‡i, K_vi g‡a¨B fvlvi cÖZ¨ÿ iƒc cvIqv hvq| †`wi`v G‡K wPwýZ K‡i‡Qb aŸwb‡Kw›`ªKZvev` (phonocentricism) e‡j| Ab¨w`‡K wjLb n‡”Q K_‡bi Abywjwc, K_v‡K AbymiY K‡iB wjL‡bi e¨vcviwU N‡U| GwU Zzjbvg~jZfv‡e K_‡bi Zzjbvq wbK…ó, †Kbbv GwU Dr‡mi (K_b) m‡½ Kg

A_©‡Kw›`ªKZv‡K A¯^xKvi Kiv mnR nq| †`wi`v ïay K_b/wjLb‡K m¤ú~Y© wecixZ w`‡K Nywi‡q †`bwb, wZwb K_‡bi Av‡M wjLb‡K ¯’vb w`‡q‡Qb| †Kbbv wZwb g‡b K‡i‡Qb K_b n‡”Q wjL‡biB GKUv iƒc| K_b I wjL‡bi wKQz mvaviY ˆewkó¨ i‡q‡Q| †jLvi cybc©vV m¤¢e, wKš‘ K_v nvIqvq wgwj‡q hvq| cybiæw³gq †`¨vZKB K_v‡K †jLvq cwiYZ K‡i| †`wi`vi ej‡Qb, G n‡”Q we‡kl ai‡bi †jLv

m¤úwK©Z| K_‡bi g‡a¨B K_‡Ki Dcw¯’wZ, wKš‘ Abycw¯’wZB n‡”Q wjL‡bi ˆewkó¨| wjLb ZLbB KvR K‡i hLb †jLK Dcw¯’Z _v‡Kb bv| K_b I wjL‡bi †ÿ‡Î hv N‡U Zv n‡jv Dcw¯’wZ/Abycw¯’wZ, ¯^vfvweKfv‡eB †jLv bq, K_vB n‡”Q cÖvavb¨m~PK cwifvlv| GUvB fvlvi A_©‡Kw›`ªK Ae¯’v, †Kbbv K_vB gvbyl‡K †K‡›`ª ¯’vcb K‡i, fvlvB Zvi Dcw¯’wZ †NvlYv K‡i, gvbyl‡K mËvgq K‡i †Zv‡j| AbwZµg¨ †Kv‡bv †`¨vZbv hw` bv _v‡K, e¯‘wbô mZ¨I Zvn‡j _vK‡e bv; GiKg cwiw¯’wZ‡Z †Kv‡bv wecixZ hyM¥ZvB w¯’i _v‡K bv| GwU cwieZ©bkxj, G‡K G‡Kev‡i wecixZ w`‡K Nywi‡q †`qv hvq| †K‡›`ªi e¨vcviwUI Gfv‡e A‡Kw›`ªK K‡i †`qv hvq, bZzb GK¸”Q g~j¨‡eva I wek¦v‡mi cÖeZ©b NUv‡bv hvq| †h-†Kv‡bv welq‡K Gfv‡e bZzb †cÖÿvc‡U we‡kølY Kiv m¤¢e nq| me‡P‡q ¸iæZ¡cY~ © †h e¨vcviwU N‡U Zvn‡jv †K›`ª‡K †K›`ªP¨z Z K‡i †K‡›`ªi evB‡i G‡m †`Lvi, we‡kølY Kivi my‡hvM m„wó nq| A_©‡Kw›`ªKZv‡K A¯^xKvi Kiv mnR nq| †`wi`v ïay K_b/wjLb‡K m¤ú~Y© wecixZ w`‡K Nywi‡q †`bwb, wZwb K_‡bi Av‡M wjLb‡K ¯’vb w`‡q‡Qb| †Kbbv wZwb g‡b K‡i‡Qb K_b n‡”Q wjL‡biB GKUv iƒc| K_b I wjL‡bi wKQz mvaviY ˆewkó¨ i‡q‡Q| †jLvi cybc©vV m¤¢e, wKš‘ K_v nvIqvq wgwj‡q hvq| cybiæw³gq †`¨vZKB K_v‡K †jLvq cwiYZ K‡i| †`wi`vi ej‡Qb, G n‡”Q we‡kl ai‡bi †jLv| wecixZ hyM¥ †`¨vZK¸‡jv RovRwo K‡i ci¤úwiZ n‡q †h‡Z cv‡i, A_©vr Giv G‡Kev‡i aªæe wKQz bq| hyM¥ †`¨vZ‡Ki GKwU Ab¨wU‡K eyS‡Z mvnvh¨ K‡i; †hgb ivwÎi †eva Av‡Q e‡jB Avgiv w`‡bi K_v fve‡Z cvwi, A_ev w`‡bi †eva †_‡K ivwÎi K_v fvev mnR nq| fvlvi i‡q‡Q Avm‡j AmsL¨ ci¯úi cÖwZ¯úa©x bvbvb ˆewkó¨; d‡j GKwU †`¨vZK †_‡K Av‡iKwU †`¨vZK‡K Avjv`v Kiv hvq| GKB m‡½ Gi Dcw¯’wZI wbwðZ Kiv hvq| Kx †bB, Kx nvivw”Q, fvlv Avgv‡`i †mUvI g‡b Kwi‡q w`‡Z cv‡i| g~j K_v n‡jv hy‡M¥i GKwU Av‡iKwUi cwic~iK ev ci¯úi‡K Zviv mvnvh¨ K‡i| GKwUi hw` wKQz

49


aŸwb‡Kw›`ªKZv (aŸwbi m‡½ m¤úwK©Z) Ges AZxw›`ªq †`¨vZbv (mg¯Í Áv‡bi Drm) GB civZvwË¡K aviYviB Ask| †cø‡Zv-cieZ©x cÖZx‡P¨i GUvB n‡”Q g~j ˆewkó¨| wKš‘ †`wi`v G‡K ÎæwUc~Y,© LwÐZ, weK…Z e‡j AvL¨vwqZ K‡i‡Qb, †Kbbv AwšÍ‡g A‡_©i welqwU AwbwðZ| Awawe`¨vi GB mxgve×Zv‡K, †`wi`v g‡b K‡ib, MVbcybM©Vb, wbg©vY-cybtwbg©vY BZ¨vw`i m~‡Î AwZµg Kiv m¤¢e| †jLv, iPbv ev †U·‡Ui K_v hw` awi, Zvn‡j †`wi`v wbtm‡›`‡n cv‡Vi GKUv bZzb w`MšÍ D‡b¥vPb K‡i w`‡q‡Qb|

Awewbwg©Z cvV I we‡kølYixwZ

cwðgx mf¨Zv †K›`ªxqfv‡e Aew¯’Z m‡PZb, mgwš^Z AvZ¥mËvi Dci cÖwZwôZ| mg¯Í gvbexq Kg©Kv‡Êi †K‡›`ª Gi Ae¯’vb| †`wi`v G‡K AvL¨vwqZ K‡i‡Qb ÔcivZvwË¡K Dcw¯’wZÕ e‡j 50

Afve _v‡K Zvn‡j Ab¨wU †mB NvUwZ cywl‡q w`‡Z cv‡i; A_©vr Giv cvi¯úwiKfv‡e wKQz †hvM K‡i, GKwUi ¯’vb Ab¨wU wb‡q †bq| wjLb ïay K_‡b wKQz †hvM K‡i Ggb bq, eis weKí wn‡m‡eI KvR K‡i, hw`I GB weK‡íi welqwU ûeû N‡U bv| GB cÖwµqvwU KLbB m¤ú~YZ © vI cvq bv| weK‡íi welqwU gvbeRxeb I AvPi‡Yi me †ÿ‡ÎB N‡U| cwðgx mf¨Zv †K›`ªxqfv‡e Aew¯’Z m‡PZb, mgwš^Z AvZ¥mËvi Dci cÖwZwôZ| mg¯Í gvbexq Kg©Kv‡Êi †K‡›`ª Gi Ae¯’vb| †`wi`v G‡K AvL¨vwqZ K‡i‡Qb ÔcivZvwË¡K Dcw¯’wZÕ (metaphysical presence) e‡j| A_©‡Kw›`ªKZv (k‡ãi m‡½ m¤úwK©Z),

mbvZb mgv‡jvPbvg~jK cv‡V GKwU iPbv Kx A_© †`q Zv AbymÜvb Kiv nq| wKš‘ Awewbwg©Z cv‡Vi jÿ¨ n‡q I‡V iPbvwU Kx A_© w`‡Z †P‡qwQj Avi cÖKZ … c‡ÿ Kx A_© w`‡Z †c‡i‡Q, †mB w`KwUi AbymÜvb| †Kv‡bv iPbv Zvi Af¨šÍixY HK¨, msMwZ Ges A_© cÖKv‡ki †h fveUv †`Lvq, Awewbg©vY Pzj‡Piv we‡køl‡Yi ga¨ w`‡q †mB AbywgZ fve I A_© †h iPbvwU w`‡Z cv‡iwb, ev w`‡jI KZUv w`‡Z †c‡i‡Q ev e¨³ Ki‡Z †c‡i‡Q, †mwU we‡kølY K‡i †`Lvq| Awewbg©vY g‡b K‡i iPbvi A_© m¤^‡Ü P~ovšÍ e¨vL¨v †`Iqv m¤¢e bq, †Kbbv cÖ‡Z¨KwU cvVB n‡"Q mvgwqK| GKwU cvV Ab¨vb¨ AmsL¨ †h cvV i‡q‡Q, †h-cvV¸‡jv ci¤úivµ‡g web¨¯Í, MÖw_Z, G‡`i GKwU ïay Ab¨wU‡K †K›`ªP¨z Z K‡i Ges G‡Ki ci GK A_© D‡b¥vPb Ki‡Z _v‡K; Avi Gfv‡eB Ae¨vnZfv‡e Pj‡Z _v‡K A_© D×v‡ii cÖwµqv| AZxw›`ªq, aªæe †`¨vZbvi Abycw¯’wZi Kvi‡Y †Kv‡bv iPbvi c~‡e© Ges evB‡i †h†K›`ª ev †K›`ª¸‡jvi Ae¯’vb, Zvi m‡½ iPbvwU G‡Kev‡iB m¤úwK©Z bq Avi A_© m¤^‡Ü P~ovšÍ K_vI ejv hv‡e bv| †`wi`v wb‡R G m¤^‡Ü e‡j‡Qb, Ômemgq m¤ú‡K©i wKQz m~Î awi‡q †`IqvB n‡e cv‡Vi Avewk¨K jÿ¨| †h-fvlvixwZ wZwb e¨envi K‡i‡Qb Zvi Dci †jL‡Ki wbqš¿Y wQj Kx wQj bv †mUv jÿ K‡iB †jLK †h welqwU‡K Abyaveb Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb †mUv we‡kølY Kiv|Õ k¨vib µvDwj e‡j‡Qb, iPbvi †h Ac~YZ © v _v‡K, _v‡K AmsMwZ, Awewbg©vY †mUvB †`L‡Z Pvq| wb‡Ri ms¯‹w… Z AbymiY Ki‡Z wM‡qB GiKg wKQz K…ò MnŸ‡ii m„wó K‡ib iPwqZv| Awewbg©vY iPbv‡K cybwj©L‡bi


Rb¨B Avevi cvV K‡i| c×wZMZfv‡e cwðgx BwZnv‡mi †h-welqwU‡K wb¯Íä K‡i †`Iqv n‡qwQj, †`wi`v †mwU cvV K‡i Kɯ^i w`‡q‡Qb (µwj 1989)| Awewbg©vYL¨vZ mgv‡jvPbK cj †` gvb (1919-83) Zvi AÜZ¡ I AšÍ`w©„ ó (1983) kxl©K MÖ‡š’ AviI GKavc GwM‡q e‡j‡Qb, mgv‡jvPK‡K ÔA™¢Z ~ Auvav‡iÕi ga¨ †_‡K AR©b Ki‡Z n‡e AšÍ`w©„ ó| GKx †mB GKB A™¢Z ~ Auvavi hvi Øviv cÖfvweZ n‡qwQ‡jb Rxebvb›` `vk? Awewbg©v‡Yi cÖwZ MvqÎx PµeZ©x w¯úfv‡Ki Awbt‡kl AvMÖn| Kx bvixev`x mvwnZ¨ mgv‡jvPbv, Kx wbgœeM©, Kx mgKvjxb Gkxq ivRbxwZi we‡kølY, me †ÿ‡ÎB wZwb Awewbg©vY‡K Awbevh© mnvq e‡j g‡b K‡ib| wZwb e‡j‡Qb, Awewbg©vY fvlvi RwUjZv‡K wQbœ Kivi w`‡KB Awewbg©v‡Yi †SvK : fvlvI nq‡Zv GKUv Zvwà, †gŠwjK ZK© Ab_©‡K wbqZB †X‡K iv‡L, m~Îvewji Rvj, MÖ‡š’i MÖwš’ fzwj‡q †`q †h RM‡Zi Rvj wPiwQbœ nIqvi †Kv‡bv msMZ evav †bB| GB Rb¨B, cvigvYweK c`v_©we`iv hLb `k©‡bi w`‡K G‡Mvb, Z‡e RR© my`k©‡bi g‡Zv Zzixqev‡` AbycÖvwYZ nb, bq Bwjqv wcÖ‡MvwR‡bi g‡Zv AvK…ó nb Awewbg©v‡Y| (w¯úfvK 1997 : 21) w¯úfv‡Ki g‡Z Awewbg©v‡Yi jÿ¨ ïay fvlv bq, fvlv hv‡Z `k©‡bi Øviv Av”Qbœ n‡q bv hvq, A‡_©i m~Î awi‡q †`q : Awewbg©vY cÖkœ K‡i : Kx evwK iBj, Kx Dc‡P †Mj : wi‡gb&m| wePv‡I Kx evwK co‡Z eva¨, G cÖ‡kœi DËi wePvieyw× w`‡q †`Iqv hv‡e bv| Kv‡RB Awewbg©vY mvaviY fveRxe‡bi †KvYVvmv fvlv wb‡q wePvi mfvq AvKzwjweKzwj K‡i|...fvlvi e„nËi BwZnv‡m we‡`ªvnx †h AvÿwiK m¤¢vebv _v‡K, Awewbg©vY Zv‡KI e¨envi K‡i| Awewbg©v‡Yi g‡Z wKš' fvlvB me bq; ïay `k©b †hb fvlv‡K msKxY© bv-K‡i GB Zvi B”Qv| Ges B”Qvc~iY Am¤¢e G‡ÿ‡Î G ¯^xK…wZ‡Z †m G‡Mvq| (w¯úfvK 1997 : 21) cÖKiYev‡`i g‡Zv Awewbg©v‡Yi jÿ¨ n‡”Q mwbœwnZ wbweo cvV, LyeB KvQ †_‡K cvV Kiv| hv-wKQz Dcw¯’Z Ges hv-wKQz cv‡Vi m‡½ mshy³, mwµq, †mBme Dcv`vb‡K wPwýZ Kiv, we‡kølY Kiv| Z‡e cÖKiYev` I Awewbg©v‡Yi cwimgvwßi g‡a¨ †Kv‡bv wgj †bB| cÖKiYev` iPbv‡K mvgwMÖKfv‡e HK¨e× g‡b K‡i, Ab¨w`‡K Awewbg©vY iPbv‡K ci¯úiwe‡ivax †`¨vZbv wn‡m‡e

we‡ePbv K‡i| †`wi`v wb‡R †U·U‡K Kxfv‡e c‡ob Zvi GKUv m~‡Îi K_v e‡j‡Qb, †mwU n‡”Q `yB evi K‡i cvV Kiv| GKevi c‡o †h‡Z n‡e mbvZb c×wZ‡Z, †`L‡Z n‡e †Kvb †Kvb †ÿ‡Î wVK Kx A_© iPbvwU w`‡Z cv‡i| ievU© d«‡÷i GKwU KweZvi K_vB aiv hvK| KweZvwUi bvg Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening, kvgmyi ivngvb Gi PgrKvi Abyev` K‡i‡Qb ÔkxZ-mܨvq e‡bi wKbv‡iÕ|

kxZ-mܨvq e‡bi wKbv‡i GB eb Kvi Avwg Rvwb eÕ‡j g‡b nq| eywS evwo Zvi H Muv‡q wbðq; Rvb‡e bv †m †Zv †`LwQ `uvwo‡q Avwg eb Zvi n‡jv GLb Zzlvigq| †NvovUv fve‡Q e¨vcvi PgrKvi! Lvgvi QvovB Kx †h jvf _vgevi, eb Avi GB RgvU n«‡`i gv‡S AvR‡K mܨv me‡PÕ AÜKvi| fzj n‡q †M‡Q †f‡e †m kã KÕ‡i bvovi NywÈ, Ges e‡bi Õc‡i ïay Av‡iKwU kã hv‡"Q †kvbv : nvjKv evZv‡m ei‡di KzwP S‡i| KvRj Mfxi G-eb gayi jv‡M, wKš‘ Avgvi †Xi KvR evKx Av‡Q| †h‡Z n‡e `~‡i Nywg‡q covi Av‡M, †h‡Z n‡e `~‡i Nywg‡q covi Av‡M| cÖ_g cv‡Vi mgq GB KweZvwUi eY©bvKvix kvwšÍi Rb¨ †h B”Qv cÖKvk Ki‡Q, Zv Awewbg©vY K‡i wb‡Z cvwi| KweZvwUi PgrKvi wbqwš¿Z msMVb, ivwÎ, kxZKvj I Ny‡gi kvšÍ w¯’i wPÎKí¸‡jv ZLb mn‡RB Avgv‡`i †Pv‡L co‡e| wKš‘ wØZxq cv‡Vi mgq Ly‡u R †`L‡Z n‡e weKí Kx Kx A_© KweZvwU w`‡”Q Ges Gi we‡kl †Kv‡bv A_©‡K MÖvn¨ Kivi cÖ‡qvRb †bB| Z‡e Avwe®‹vi Ki‡Z n‡e GwU cÖwZØ›Øx, cÖwZ¯úa©x, mvsNwl©K A_ev LvcQvov †Kv‡bv A_© w`‡”Q wKbv| A_© Gfv‡eB AwbwðZ, AcÖKvwkZ †_‡K hvq| A_©‡Kw›`ªKZv †hfv‡e cÖZxÁv K‡i, iPbv †miKg HK¨e×, msMwZc~Y,© mywbwðZ bq| iPbvi eûgvwÎK we‡kølY nq, cvVK wb‡RB iPbvwU evievi c‡o

mbvZb mgv‡jvPbvg~jK cv‡V GKwU iPbv Kx A_© †`q Zv AbymÜvb Kiv nq| wKš‘ Awewbwg©Z cv‡Vi jÿ¨ n‡q I‡V iPbvwU Kx A_© w`‡Z †P‡qwQj Avi cÖKZ … c‡ÿ Kx A_© w`‡Z †c‡i‡Q, †mB w`KwUi AbymÜvb| †Kv‡bv iPbv Zvi Af¨šÍixY HK¨, msMwZ Ges A_© cÖKv‡ki †h fveUv †`Lvq, Awewbg©vY Pzj‡Piv we‡køl‡Yi ga¨ w`‡q †mB AbywgZ fve I A_© †h iPbvwU w`‡Z cv‡iwb, ev w`‡jI KZUv w`‡Z †c‡i‡Q ev e¨³ Ki‡Z †c‡i‡Q, †mwU we‡kølY K‡i †`Lvq 51


A‡bKiKg A_© K‡i| wfbœ wfbœ mg‡q cvV Ki‡j A_©I wfbœiKg n‡q hvq| †Kv‡bv cvVB ZvB Awbevh© bq, GKwU cv‡Vi Øviv Ab¨ cvVwU cÖwZ¯’vwcZ n‡q hvq| cvVwe‡kølY ev mgv‡jvPbvi KvRwU ZvB m„Rbkxj| GKB iPbv wKš‘ wfbœ wfbœ mgv‡jvPK wfbœ wfbœfv‡e †mwU cvV K‡i _v‡Kb, we‡kølY K‡i †`Lvb| †U·U ev iPbv †hgb m„Rbkxj I ¸iæZ¡cY~ ,© †Zgwb mgv‡jvPbvI m„Rbkxj I ¸iæZ¡cY~ |© Z‡e iPbv nq GKwU, cvV nq bvbv ai‡bi, eûgywL, A‡bKvšÍ| bvbvfv‡e †`Lvi ev Avwe®‹vi Kivi Avb›`UvB n‡jv †h-†Kv‡bv †jLv cv‡Vi mvaviY ˆewkó¨| †Kv‡bv m‡›`n †bB, cvVK ev mgv‡jvPK Zvi cvVcÖwZwµqv ev Avwe®‹vi‡K A_©‡Kw›`ªK fvlvq cÖKvk Ki‡eb, wKš‘ GKB m‡½ wZwb Zvi we‡kølY‡K Awewbg©vY K‡i †b‡eb| wKš‘ Kxfv‡e mgv‡jvPK iPbvi weKí A_©¸‡jv Ly‡u R cv‡eb? Kxfv‡eB ev Ly‡u R cvIqv hv‡e Gi ¯^we‡ivax A_ev gvbvbmB bq Ggb A_©¸‡jv? ïiæ Ki‡Z n‡e iPbvi wecixZ hyM¥Zv‡K a‡i a‡i| kbv³KiY Ki‡Z n‡e †Kvb kã ev k㸔Q cÖvav‡b¨i RvqMvq Av‡Q Ges †Kvb¸‡jv †bB| †hgb d«‡÷i GB KweZvq µ‡gv”PZv ev DuP-z wbPz Ae¯’vb (hierarchical position) †_‡K GB ai‡bi k㸇jv jÿ Kiv hvq| mZK©Zvi m‡½ jÿ K‡i KweZvwUi GKwU Awewbwg©Z we‡kølY †h-†Kv‡bv cvVK w`‡Z cv‡ib| wb‡P wKQz cÖkœ DÌvcb Kiv n‡q‡Q, GB cÖ‡kœi Dˇii †fZi w`‡q Awewbg©vY Kxfv‡e KvR K‡i Zvi wKQzUv nw`m cvIqv hv‡e| †Kvb cyiælv_©, g~j¨‡eva ev fve D”PveP (hierarchy) IB wecixZ k㸇jv cÖKvk Ki‡Q? cÖ_‡gB GB DËiwU n‡e c~eÁ © vb ev AvwfavwbK Ávb †_‡K D™¢Z ~ | mbvZb cv‡Vi w`‡KB P‡j hv‡e Av‡jvPbvwU| cvVK ev mgv‡jvPK hw` g‡b K‡ib GB hyM¥Zvi cÖ_gwU n‡”Q cÖvavb¨m~PK, Zvn‡j wZwb †h g~j¨v¼‡b wek¦vm Ki‡eb e‡j g‡b n‡e Zvn‡jv kvwšÍ, GKZ¡, cÖKw… Z, AvZ¥Zvi (self) ¯^xK…wZ| gyn‡~ Z©i GKUv †mŠ›`h© Av‡Q, Avw`gZvi m‡½ hy³ n‡j IB †mŠ›`h©‡K Abyaveb Kiv hvq| wecixZ hyM¥ †Rvov k㸇jv‡K hw` D‡ë

52

†`Iqv hvq, Zvn‡j Kx NU‡e? †Kvb ai‡bi bZzb mRxe cUf~wg KweZvwU †_‡K cvIqv hv‡e ev we”QzwiZ n‡e? g‡b ivLv `iKvi D”PveP Ae¯’vwU n‡”Q Av‡cwÿK (arbitrary)| G‡K Dc‡iwb‡P ¯’vcb K‡i wKsev A`j-e`j K‡i bZzb ai‡bi cyiælv_© cvIqv †h‡Z cv‡i hv IB hyM¥Zvi g‡a¨ AšÍtkxj i‡q‡Q| GB bZzb AcÖPwjZ, AcÖ_ve× m¤úK© k㸇jv m¤^‡Ü A_ev †U·U m¤^‡Ü mgv‡jvP‡Ki A_ev cvV‡Ki g‡b Ggb fvebvi D‡MÖK Ki‡Z cv‡i, hv ˆecøweK, Af~Zc~e,© Av‡M KLbI fvev nqwb| d«‡÷i KweZvwUi wecÖZxc AvMÖ‡nvÏxcK w`K¸‡jv n‡”Q, †h-k㸇jv KweZvi ïiæ †_‡KB cÖvavb¨ †c‡q AvmwQj, †k‡li w`‡K G‡m hLb ågYKvix Zvi ågY Ae¨vnZ ivLvi K_v ej‡Q, ZLbB nVvr Zv cv‡ë †Mj| cÖ_g wZbwU ¯Íe‡K †Kvjvn‡ji cwie‡Z© ˆbtk‡ã¨i, mf¨Zvi cwie‡Z© cÖK…wZi, †Mvôxi cwie‡Z© GKvKx‡Z¡i cÖvavb¨| hLb ågYKvix AÜKvi Ges Mfxi e‡bi †mŠ›`h©‡K A¯^xK…wZ Rvbv‡jv ZLbB †m eyS‡Z cvi‡jv †m Ggb GK c„w_ex‡Z evm K‡i, †h-c„w_ex‡Z AvZ¥gMœ ¯^‡cœi g‡a¨ evm Kiv hvq Ges Zvi c_Pjv‡K Ae¨vnZ ivLv hvq| †m GKUv mgv‡RiB Ask, †hmgvR m¤úª`vq‡K ¸iæZ¡ †`q, ¸iæZ¡ †`q KvR, m‡PZbZv Ges ev¯ÍeZv‡K| Kwe hw`I KweZvwU‡K Gfv‡e wecixZ w`‡K Nywi‡q w`‡q‡Qb, cvVK GiciI fve‡Z cv‡ib Ggb Kx G‡Z e`jv‡jv? Kx fv‡ei m„wó n‡jv? Kx NU‡Z cvi‡Zv hw` c_Pvix cÖKw… Z, AÜKvi Avi ¯^c‡œ K †e‡Q wbZ? Kx n‡e †hme welq Kwe‡K cÖejfv‡e AvK…ó Ki‡Q Zviv Zv‡`i cÖvavb¨ Ae¨vnZ iv‡L? Kx NU‡Zv hw` †Mvôxi PvB‡Z wew”QbœZv‡K AviI AvKl©Yxq Kiv n‡Zv? Kx n‡Zv hw` GB wew”QbœZvi e¨vcviwU GKv GKv wKsev eÜzevÜe Ges cwiev‡ii g‡a¨ NU‡Zv? Zvn‡j GB eb Kv‡iviB Aax‡b _vK‡Zv bv| GK_v †Zv ejvB hvq, eY©bvKvix Zvn‡j Dcjwä Ki‡Z cvi‡Zv bv e‡bi kvšÍ, mgvwnZ, M¤¢xi iƒcwU| AvZ¥m‡PZbZvI ˆZwi n‡Zv bv cÖKw… Zi kvšÍwenŸj iƒc wb‡q| DavI n‡q †hZ mvgvwRK ixwZbxwZ I Pv‡c _vKvi Abyfw~ Zi| c„w_ex‡Z ZLb †Kv‡bv PvcB

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G‡b †`Lv †h‡Z cv‡i KweZvwU Kx bZzb aviYv w`‡”Q| †Kv‡bv AcÖavb ev cÖvwšÍK PwiÎI G †ÿ‡Î ¸iæZ¡cY~ © n‡q DV‡Z cv‡i| kxZ-mܨvq e‡bi wKbv‡iÕi †NvovwU jÿYxq| GB †NvovwU cÖvq Avgv‡`i †Pv‡LB c‡o bv| wKš‘ KweZvq Zvi Dcw¯’wZ Avðh©RbKfv‡e †ek A_©cY~ ,© Bw½Zen| ejv n‡”Q e‡U ÔAvgvi †QvÆ †NvovÕ,2 Z‡e †m cvjb Ki‡Q Lye e‡ov GKUv f~wgKv| †m Zvi NywÈUv bvwo‡q GB KweZvi eY©bvKvix‡K g‡b Kwi‡q w`‡”Q Zvi `vwqZ¡, KZ©e¨ Ges mvgvwRK `vqe×Zvi K_v| †m wb¯ÍäZv‡K †f‡O w`‡”Q kã w`‡q, NywÈ bvwo‡q| kvšÍ Ae¯’vi weKí ˆZwi Ki‡Q mwµqZv Avi kã w`‡q| Abycw¯’wZ‡K cÖwZ¯’vcb Ki‡Q Dcw¯’wZ w`‡q| GB †Nvov GK A‡_© n‡q D‡V‡Q m‡PZb, mf¨-c„w_exi Kɯ^i, cÖwZwbwa| †m wb‡R‡K K‡i Zz‡j‡Q Av‡jvPbvi †K›`ª| ågYKvix Zvi ¯^c‡œ K ev¯Í‡e Ab~w`Z K‡i wb‡q‡Q| †Nvovi NywÈi kã hw`I †Kv‡bv fvlv bq, Zey A‡_©i †K›`ª †_‡K †m wew”QbœZv‡K mwi‡q w`‡”Q| KweZvwUi MwZgyLI GKB m‡½ hv‡”Q e`‡j| cÖvYxi cÖwZwµqv mn‡RB Avgv‡`i †PvL Gwo‡q hvq, Z‡e Awewbg©vY Zv‡K †K‡›`ª wb‡q Av‡m| cÖvwšÍK Gfv‡eB n‡q I‡V †K›`ª Avi ZLbB iPbvwU AviI Mfxi †Kv‡bv A_© †`q| †Kv‡bv iPbvi g‡a¨ hw` †Mvcb, AšÍjx© Y ¯^we‡iva _v‡K, †hgb iPbvwU Kx ej‡Z hv‡”Q Avi Kx ej‡QÑ Gi g‡a¨ hw` dvivK †`Lv †`q, †mB welqwUI Awewbg©vY we‡ePbvq wb‡q _v‡K| †jLvi g‡a¨ GiKg Am½wZ cÖvqB †`Lv hvq, hv ejv `iKvi Zv ejv nqwb, A_ev Z‡_¨i Afve _v‡K, †Kv‡bv welq‡K nq‡Zv ¯Íä K‡i †`Iqv nq, †jLK iƒcK e¨envi K‡ib wKš‘ †mB e¨enviwU h_v_© nq bv| †h-A_© †jLK Ki‡Z Pvbwb †miKg A_©I w`‡Z cv‡i †Kv‡bv iPbv| GB ai‡bi ¯^we‡ivwaZvi m~‡Î iPbvwUi wfbœ Av‡iKwU cvV ˆZwi Kiv hvq| d«‡÷i GB KweZvi g‡a¨I Ggb wKQz kã e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q, hv‡`i g‡a¨ fv‡ei ev Abyl‡½i `~iZ¡ A‡bK †ewk| d«÷ e‡bi eY©bv cÖm‡½ GiKg wKQy kã e¨envi K‡i‡Qb : my›`i, NbKv‡jv, Mfxi/ lovely, dark, deep| kvgmyi ivngvb Gi Abyev` K‡i‡Qb :

KvRj Mfxi gayi| cÖ_g weeiYag©x kãwU (Ômy›`iÕ) bv›`wbK Avb›`‡K cÖKvk K‡i, wKš‘ c‡ii `ywU kã (ÔNbKv‡jvÕ, ÔMfxiÕ) AvZ¼ Ges inm¨gqZv‡K cÖvavb¨ †`q| mvwe©Kfv‡e cvV‡Ki †h Abyfw~ Z Rv‡M Zv n‡jv eb AvR wejywß ev aŸs‡mi gy‡L| cwi‡k‡l g‡b nq, e‡bi eywS †Kv‡bv ¯’vqx, w¯’i, mywbw`©ó mËv †bB| e¨eüZ k‡ãi AšÍjx© Y ¯^we‡iva‡K kbv³KiY Kivi ga¨ w`‡q Awewbg©vY GiKg A_© †c‡Z cv‡i| GB AšÍjx©YZvI Awewbg©v‡Y ¸iæZ¡cY~ © e‡j we‡ewPZ nq| †`wi`v e‡j‡Qb, wecixZ hyM¥Zv‡K hw` D‡ë †`Iqv nq, †hgb Dcw¯’wZ/Abycw¯’wZi †ÿ‡Î ÔAbycw¯’wZÕ ZLb cÖvav‡b¨i RvqMvq P‡j Avm‡e Avi Zvn‡j cvVK iPbvwU‡K AviI GKfv‡e Awewbg©vY K‡i wb‡Z cvi‡eb| d«‡÷i ÔkxZ-mܨvq e‡bi wKbv‡iÕ kxl©K KweZvwUi eY©bvKvixi Aby”PvwiZ k㸇jv D‡V G‡m‡Q Zvi mËvi Mfxi †_‡K| Zvi fvebv‡K Avgiv ïay wPšÍvi ¯Í‡i Dcw¯’Z †`wL, D”PvwiZ/Kw_Z n‡Z †`wL bv| aŸwb‡Kw›`ªK (phonocentric) `„wó‡KvY GB k㸇jv‡K cÖvav‡b¨i RvqMvq wb‡q Avm‡Z cv‡i| aŸwb‡Kw›`ªKZvB ZLb KweZvi †h eY©bvKvix Zvi cÖwZwbwaZ¡ Ki‡Z cv‡i, Zvi c‡ÿ `uvov‡Z cv‡i A_ev Zv‡K ¯’vbPz¨Z K‡i cvV‡Ki Kv‡Q KweZvwU AviI A_©cY~ © K‡i Zzj‡Z cv‡i| AšÍMZ © AKw_Z K_v ev fvebv ZLb wjwLZ iƒc †c‡q hv‡e, †hgbUv †`Lv †h‡Z cv‡i GB KweZvi †ÿ‡Î| ÔkxZ-mܨvq e‡bi wKbv‡iÕi eY©bvKvixi K_v ev fvebv‡K Avgiv Abycw¯’Z †`LwQ, wKš‘ Zvi fvebv AvfvwmZ n‡q‡Q †Nvovi NywÈi g‡a¨| NywÈi GB aŸwb (fvlvMZ bq) eY©bvKvix‡K g‡b Kwi‡q w`‡q‡Q Zvi `vqe×Zvi K_v, Rxe‡bi Awbt‡kl PjgvbZvi K_v| †NvovB n‡q D‡V‡Q Pjgvb gvbyl I mf¨Zvi cÖwZwbwa| d‡j KweZvi whwb eY©bvKvix, wZwb m‡i hv‡”Qb KweZvi †K›`ª †_‡K, †NvovB n‡q DV‡Q †K›`ª| K_v‡K (speech) ¯’vbPz¨Z Ki‡Q aŸwb (sound)| cÖvYx ¯’vbPz¨Z Ki‡Q gvbyl‡K| Abycw¯’wZ Gfv‡eB Dcw¯’wZi Dc‡i ¯’vb K‡i †bq| ms‡ÿ‡c ej‡j, d«‡÷i GB KweZvwUi eY©bvKvix ev K_K A_©‡Kw›`ªK mËvwe‡kl,

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†Kbbv †m LyR u ‡Q GKUv †K›`ª, A_P †mB †K›`ª †Kv_vI †bB| mvgwqKfv‡e A_© Ly‡u R wb‡q †m Kv‡Ri R‡b¨ ev gvbe m¤úª`v‡qi Rb¨ GKUv †K›`ª LyR u ‡Q| kvwšÍB n‡”Q Zvi Aviva¨, wKš‘ GB kvwšÍ‡K †m KvR w`‡q, KZ©e¨civqYZv w`‡q ¯’vbPz¨Z Ki‡Q| msMwZ hw`I Zvi Awš^ó, wKš‘ Zv Abycw¯’Z; kvwšÍ ïay †g‡j e‡bi wKbv‡i †cuŠ‡Q fvmgvb ev Pjgvb Ae¯’vq| cwi‡k‡l, Awewbg©v‡Yi j‡ÿ¨ cvVK iPbvi mewKQz cÖ‡kœi gy‡L †V‡j †`‡eb| cÖkœ Zzj‡eb mg¯Í KvVv‡gv m¤^‡Ü| †Kbbv P~ovšÍ A_© memgq ¯’wMZ _v‡K wKsev Nywi‡q †`qv nq, A‡_©i A¯úóZv †_‡KB hvq| A‡_©v×vi Ki‡Z n‡j cÖ‡Z¨KwU bZzb †K›`ª‡K ZvB A‡Kw›`ªK K‡i w`‡Z n‡e| c~ee© Z©x mg¯Í mswkøó ZË¡ ev fvebv m¤^‡Ü mw›`nvb n‡Z n‡e| †Kv‡bv GKwU A_© bq, m¤¢ve¨ e¨vL¨v-we‡køl‡Yi AbšÍ msL¨K c_ Ly‡j w`‡Z n‡e| mgv‡jvPbvi AbšÍ m¤¢vebv ˆZwi Ki‡Z n‡e| ÔkxZmܨvq e‡bi wKbv‡iÕ KweZvwU‡Z †`Lv hvq, GKwU A_© bq, cvIqv hvq A‡bK A_©| d‡j †KvbwU cÖKZ … A_© Zv wbY©q Kiv hvq bv| cybive„Ëg~jK †kl evK¨wU A_©‡ev‡ai †ÿ‡Î evav n‡q `uvovq wKsev †`q A‡bKvšÍ ev eûgywL cvV| †Kbbv GB KweZvq DwjøwLZ iƒc‡Ki RwUj w`K¸‡jv A¯úó, A¯^”Q; Z‡e we‡køl‡Yi R‡b¨ PgrKvi| bvbvfv‡e KweZvwU we‡kølY Kiv hvq Avi †Kv‡bv we‡kølYB P~ovšÍ bq| evievi cv‡Vi ga¨ w`‡q wecixZ hyM¥ k㸇jv‡K hw` Avevi D‡ë †`Iqv hvq, Zvn‡j hyM¥Zvi m~‡Î cvIqv hvq bZzb bZzb A_©| GKwU hyM¥ kã Avwe®‹Z … n‡jB Ab¨ Av‡iKwUi A_© cvIqv hv‡e| cvVK Gfv‡eB GKwU †jLv‡K GwM‡q-wcwQ‡q bvbvfv‡e we‡kølY Ki‡Z cv‡ib A_ev GKwU A_© w`‡q Av‡iKwU A_©‡K ¯’vbPz¨Z Ki‡Z cv‡ib| Gfv‡eB Pj‡e ¯’M‡bi (différrance) A‡kl †Ljv| GB ¯’MbB cvVK‡K †Kv‡bv GKwU mywbw`©ó A_© ev ¸”QA_© †c‡Z †`‡e bv| GwU Avm‡j GKai‡bi Awbt‡kl cÖwµqv Ñ cÖ‡Z¨KwU bZzb we‡kølY †`q Av‡iKwU ev GKvwaK bZzb we‡kølY| GBfv‡e bZzb A_©‡K MÖnY Kivi A_© n‡jv c~‡e© †h-`„wófw½ cvVK AR©b K‡iwQj, Zv ¯’wMZ n‡q †Mj, cvVK AR©b Ki‡jv AviI

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¯^vaxbZv| mbvZb †h-aviYv ev gZv`wk©K e„‡Ë wZwb AvewZ©Z nw”Q‡jb, ev n‡Z cvi‡Zb, Zv †_‡K gy³ n‡q bZzb `„wó‡KvY w`‡q †`Lvi `„wó AR©b Ki‡Z cv‡ib|

†klK_v Awewbg©vY mvwnZ¨ mgv‡jvPbvi bZzb c_ Ly‡j w`‡q‡Q| Z‡e cÖZx‡P¨i `k©bPP©v I Rxe‡bi A_© m¤^‡Ü GwU †hfv‡e cÖkœ Zz‡j‡Q, †mB welqwU‡K A‡b‡KB BwZevPK `„wó‡KvY †_‡K Dcjwä Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb| †KD †KD Avevi g‡b K‡ib, A¨vKv‡WwgK mgv‡jvPbv ixwZ‡K GZw`b hviv kvmb K‡i AvmwQ‡jb, mvwnZ¨ mgv‡jvPbv, cvVc×wZ, BZ¨vw`i Af~Zc~e© we‡kølYm~‡Î †`wi`v Zv‡`i †mB mbvZb c×wZ‡K AviI Mfxi I AšÍ‡f©`x K‡i Zz‡j‡Qb; Le© n‡q †M‡Q Zv‡`i cÖvavb¨| Z‡e cÖvq meviB Awf‡hvM Awewbg©v‡Y e¨eüZ cwifvlv wb‡q| Zv‡`i g‡Z G¸‡jv A¯úó, RwUj, weåvwšÍKi| cwifvlv Qvov AviI GK ai‡bi we‡ivwaZv Av‡Q Awewbgv©Y m¤^‡Ü| GKRb mgv‡jvPK g‡b K‡ib, Awewbg©vY †h c×wZ e¨envi K‡i Zv cÖZ¨ÿev`x (positivist) I AwfÁZvg~jK (empericial), d‡j Awewbg©vYwe‡ivax| wZwb wj‡L‡Qb, Avgiv mvwnZ¨ cwo wKš‘ †Kv‡bv wbw`©ó c×wZ Aej¤^b Ki‡Z cvwi bv; Avgiv †hb we‡kølY c×wZi GKUv AskgvÎ n‡q DwV, n‡q DwV ms‡KZ ev †KvW| cvVK GKwU c×wZ †_‡K Av‡iKwU c×wZ‡Z P‡j hvb, †U·U †hb mgv‡jvPbvi gy³g (U¤úwKb 1990)| `vk©wbK wiPvW© iwU© Ges b›`bZvwË¡KJcb¨vwmK Dgev‡Z©v G‡Kv Aek¨ e‡j‡Qb, RbwcÖq e¨vL¨v-eqvb ev cÖwZ‡e`‡bi Zzjbvq Awewbg©vY GKwU mRxe, PgrKvi c×wZ| GB `yB cÖL¨vZ b›`bZvwË¡K-`vk©wbK wfbœ wfbœfv‡e Awewbg©vY‡K e¨vL¨v K‡i‡Qb| G‡Kvi g‡Z Awewbg©vY n‡”Q cvVKwbf©i Pigcš’x we‡kølYZË¡| iwU©i aviYv, Awewbwg©ZcvV †U·U ev iPbvi ØvivB wbqwš¿Z, kvwmZ| G‡Z †jLv ej‡Z †mB iPbv‡KB †evSvq cvVK hv‡K ¸iæZ¡ †`‡e, cvVKB Gi A‡_©v×vi Ki‡e| Zvi g‡Z †U·U cvV‡Ki R‡b¨ A‡bK my‡hvM m„wó K‡i wVKB, wKš‘ GiI GKUv mxgv _vKv

DwPZ| mgv‡jvPbvi mxgv bv _vK‡j Zv AwZwe‡køl‡Yi wkKvi n‡Z cv‡i hv MÖnY‡hvM¨ bq| G‡Kv Ges iwU© `yR‡biB mvwnZ¨ mgv‡jvPbvi AwZe¨vL¨v wb‡q AvcwË K‡i‡Qb, wKš‘ Awewbg©vY‡K AMÖvn¨ Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb| Awewbg©vY mvwnZ¨ mgv‡jvPbvq †h we‡klfv‡e mnvqZv K‡i, `y-R‡bB e‡j‡Qb †mK_v (†Kvwjwb 1992)| wekkZ‡Ki fvebv‡K Awewbg©vY †h bZzb gvÎv w`‡q‡Q, †mK_v ejv hvq wbtm‡›`‡n|

UxKv 1. †`wi`vi e¨vL¨v Abymv‡i Awewbg©vY‡K ZË¡ ejv fzj n‡e, Zey †h‡nZz GwU †U·U ev iPbvi e¨vL¨v w`‡Z wM‡q GKai‡bi c×wZ AbymiY K‡i, d‡j G‡K Avwg ZË¡ e‡jB GB †jLvq D‡jøL K‡iwQ| 2. kvgmyi ivngvb GB little ev Ô†QvÆÕ kãwU‡K Gwo‡q †M‡Qb| †Kb †h wZwb Gwo‡q †M‡jb †evSv gykwKj, nq‡Zv Abyev‡`i mvejxjZvi R‡b¨, A_ev †f‡e‡Qb GB kãwU Abyev‡` bv Avb‡j nq‡Zv g~j A‡_©i †Kv‡bv †ni‡di n‡e bv, wKsev Q›`-wg‡ji Kvi‡YI GwU ev` co‡Z cv‡i| wKš‘ GB kãwU ev` covq KweZvi A_© †h G‡Z A‡bKUv ÿ‡q †M‡Q, †mK_v GKUz †Lqvj Ki‡jB †evSv †hZ|

Z_¨m~Î ivngvb, kvgmyi (1965) d«‡÷i KweZv, XvKv : mvwnwZ¨Kv| w¯úfvK, MvqÎx PµeZ©x (1997) ÔAwewbg©vYÑAbyev`Ô, AvKv‡`gx cwÎKv, `kg msL¨v, c„. 17-33| Collini, Stefan (1992) Interpretation and Overinterpretation (ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crowley, Sharon (1989), A Teacher's Introduction to Deconstruction, Urbana: National Council of Teachers of English. Culler, Jonathan (2007) 'Interpretation: Defending Overinterpretation,' The Literary in Theory, Stanford: Stanford University Press. Miller, J Hillis (1972) 'Tradition and Difference', Diacritics 2.4: 6-13. Tompkins, Jane (1990) 'A Short Course in Post-Structuralism', in Conversations, ed. Charles Moran and Elizabeth Penfield, Urabana: National Council of Teachers of English.


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A¶‡ii †fZ‡i GKUv gv`KZv Av‡Q kvnv`y¾vgvb cwð‡gi †g‡N †mvbvi wmsn †`L‡Z cvb, wZwbB †K‡ki Av‡o cvnvo Avwe®‹vi K‡ib| K‡qKwU wenŸj M‡í †NviMÖ¯Í- K‡i iv‡Lb evsjv †QvU M‡íi cvVK‡`i| Ab¨ GK MíKv‡ii Mí wb‡qI †j‡Lb wZwb, Abyfe K‡ib wemM©‡Z `ytL, cÖwZwU eY©gvjvB Rxe‡bi mv‡_ n‡q I‡V cÖvmw½K, e¨Äbvgq| KL‡bv µv‡P fi Kiv GK K‡b©‡ji Rxeb‡K cvV K‡ib wbweo AvMÖ‡n| Avevi evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i me‡P‡q cÖ‡nwjKvgq Kwe Rxebvb›` `vk‡K GKRb Kgjv‡jey iƒ‡c bZzb K‡i AbymÜvb Ki‡Z m‡Pó nb| Mí Dcb¨vm Abyev‡`i MwÐ †cwi‡q Zuvi fvebvi RMZ Qwo‡q c‡o wkíKjv, Pjw”PÎ, b„weÁvb, Rb¯^v¯’¨, mgvR, ms¯‹…wZ, RvZxq Ges AvšÍR©vwZK wewea wel‡q| wZwb AvavmvgwiK we`¨vcx‡V ˆK‡kvi KvUv‡bv b÷vjwRqv †_‡K wj‡L‡Qb LvwK PZ¡‡ii †Lvqvwi| `xN© bq, we¯§„Z Rxe‡bi mvwbœa¨ PvIqv GKRb gvbyl kvnv`y¾vgvb| eZ©gvb evsjv K_vmvwn‡Z¨i ¸iæZ¡cY~ © GKRb †jLK| eûgvwÎK †jLK kvnv`y¾vgv‡bi †jLv‡jwL Ges Zuvi wewPÎ fvebvi RMZ wb‡q K_v nq G mg‡qi Av‡iK cÖwZkÖæwZkxj K_vmvwnwZ¨K gvmD`yj n‡Ki m‡½| `xN© G AvjvcPvwiZvq kvnv`y¾vgvb‡K A‡bKUvB wbO‡i Zz‡j a‡i‡Qb gvmD`yj nK| †m Av‡jvPbvi Ask we‡kl Ôm„RbÕi cvVK‡`i Rb¨ Zz‡j aiv n‡jv|

gvmD`yj nK : †jLv‡jwL K‡e ïiæ Ki‡jb, wKfv‡e ïiæ Ki‡jb? ev †Kvb Zvobv †_‡K †jLv‡jwL ïiæ Ki‡jb? kvnv`y¾vgvb : Avwg †e‡o D‡VwQ †h cwiev‡ii †fZ‡i †mLv‡b Avgvi evev g~jZ mvwn‡Z¨i cvVK wQ‡jb| fxlY iKg †cUzK cvVKI ejv hvq| me iKg eB Dwb co‡Zb| Avgv‡`i evmvq GKUv jvB‡eªwi wQj| Avgvi gv wQ‡jb mvwn‡Z¨i QvÎx Ges cieZ©x‡Z mvwn‡Z¨i wkwÿKv| d‡j eBc‡Îi †fZi w`‡q Avgvi ˆkke Ges ˆK‡kvi †K‡U‡Q| Zv‡Z †hUv n‡q‡Q †h Aÿ‡ii †fZi w`‡q c„w_ex‡K †`Lv, Aÿ‡ii †fZi w`‡q Rxeb‡K †`Lvi GKUv cvV Avgvi ïiæ n‡q †M‡Q ˆkke Ges ˆK‡kv‡iB| †mUvi †fZi †_‡K Avcwb ej‡Z cv‡ib mvwn‡Z¨i cÖwZI GKUv †Nvi ˆZwi n‡q‡Q| mvwn‡Z¨i †fZi w`‡q Rxeb‡K †`Lv hvq| Aÿ‡ii †fZ‡i GKUv gv`KZv Av‡Q| G e¨vcviUv Avgvi ïiæ ˆkk‡eB| ivRbxwZi mv‡_ wk‡íi m¤úK©, Avwg wkí mvwn‡Z¨i cÖwZ AvMÖnx wQjvg| †KvbUv ¸iæZ¡cY~ ,© GKUvi mv‡_ Av‡iKUvi wK m¤úK©, G¸‡jv w`‡q Lye ZvwoZ wQjvg| Ges bvbv iKg cov‡kvbv K‡iwQ G¸‡jv wb‡q| we‡`‡ki mvwnZ¨, we‡`‡ki †jLKiv wK ej‡Qb, KviY G wel‡q A‡bK iKg ZvwË¡K eBcÎ Av‡Q| †Zv †mme co‡Z co‡Z GK mgq Avgvi g‡b n‡jv †h GB, e¨vcvi¸‡jv‡K Av‡iKUz fv‡jvgZ eyS‡Z Avwg Abyev` Kiv ïi“ Kwi| Avgvi †jLvi ïiæUv n‡q‡Q Abyev` w`‡q| †ek RwUj wel‡q Abyev` w`‡q|

Avgv‡`i evmvq GKUv jvB‡eªwi wQj| Avgvi gv wQ‡jb mvwn‡Z¨i QvÎx Ges cieZ©x‡Z mvwn‡Z¨i wkwÿKv| d‡j eBc‡Îi †fZi w`‡q Avgvi ˆkke Ges ˆK‡kvi †K‡U‡Q 57


gvmD`yj nK : m‡PZb fv‡e †nvK ev Ae‡PZb fv‡e †nvK GKRb †jL‡Ki wKš‘ cÖ¯‘wZ ce© _v‡K| †Kvb mgqUv‡K Avcwb Avcbvi †jLv‡jwLi cÖ¯‘wZ ce© e‡j g‡b K‡ib? kvnv`y¾vgvb : cÖ¯‘wZ GB A‡_© †h, mvwn‡Z¨i cÖwZ GKUv ggZv ˆZwi nIqv| mvwnZ¨ †h ¸iæZ¡cY~ © e¨vcvi, GUv †h GKUv Avb‡›`i welq, GB welqUv †Zv GKUv cÖ¯‘wZi Ask| ZLb Avwg bv wjL‡jI mvwn‡Z¨i cÖwZ Avgvi AvMÖ‡ni RvqMvUv ïiæ n‡q‡Q ˆK‡kv‡iB| †mUv‡K Avwg Avgvi cÖ¯‘wZ wn‡m‡e awi| gvmD`yj nK : Avcwb ïiæ Ki‡jb Abyev` w`‡q| †ek wKQy mgq c‡i Avcwb P‡j G‡jb m„Rbkxj mvwn‡Z¨| GB Abyev‡` bv †_‡K m„Rbkxj mvwn‡Z¨ P‡j Avmv Ges cieZ©x‡Z m„Rbkxj mvwn‡Z¨ ¯’vqx nIqv GB †h Avcbvi cwieZ©b| GB cwieZ©b wK Kvi‡Y n‡jv e‡j Avcwb g‡b K‡ib? kvnv`y¾vgvb : Avwg GLb hLb welqwU wb‡q fvwe ZLb †gvUvgywU GKUv DËi Ly‡u R cvB| Avwg ïiæ K‡iwQjvg GKUv cÖkœ w`‡q| Avgvi †jLv‡jwLi ïiæUv GKUv †KŠZ~nj †_‡K| cÖkœ †_‡K| m„RbkxjZv e¨vcviUvB wK? G wb‡q AvMÖnx njvg| ZLb Avwg bvbv iKg m„Rbkxj gvby‡li mvÿvrKvi wbB| †m mg‡q Avgv‡`i mvÿvrKvi †bevi GK ai‡Yi †h cÖeYZv wQj, cÖ‡kœvËi ce©| †m¸‡jvi evB‡i G‡m Avwg Av‡iKUz Bb‡Wc_ B›UviwfD †hUv‡K e‡j, Avwg B›UviwfD‡K g‡b Kwi B›Uvi G·‡PÄ Ad wfDR| GLv‡b whwb mvÿvZKvi wb‡”Qb Ges whwb mvÿvrKvi w`‡”Qb `yR‡biB GKUv mgvb cÖ¯‘wZ _vK‡e| GK ai‡bi weZ‡K© wb‡qvwRZ n‡ev| †m iKg GKUv fvebv †_‡K Avwg †ekwKQy ¯^bvgab¨ †jLK, mvwnwZ¨K‡`i B›UviwfD wb‡qwQ| GQvov Avgvi cQ‡›`i wKQy gvbyl hv‡`i cÖwZ Avgvi AvMÖn wQj †hgb Gm Gg myjZvb, nvmvb AvwRRyj nK, AvLZviæ¾vgvb Bwjqv‡mi B›UviwfD K‡iwQ| Avgvi †h e¨w³ AwfÁZv †m¸‡jv Avwg A‡b¨i †jLv Abyev` K‡i, A‡b¨i mvÿvrKvi wb‡q GK ai‡bi Avovj wbw”Q| Avwg d«‡qW Abyev` KiwQ, Gm Gg myjZv‡bi mvÿvrKvi wbw”Q, GiKg cÖw_Zhkv gvby‡li Avov‡j †_‡K Zuv‡`i XvjUv

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e¨envi KiwQ| ZLb GK mgq g‡b n‡jv, Avwg Avgvi wb‡Ri K_v¸‡jv ewj bv †Kb| Zv‡`i GB Avovj †_‡K †ewi‡q G‡m Avwg Avgvi AwfÁZvi K_v ewj| ZLb Avgvi wb‡Ri wKQy K_v ˆZwi n‡q‡Q| GB K_v¸‡jv Avgvi ejv `iKvi| gvmD`yj nK : Avcbvi †jLv ÔAMíÕ †Z †`wL g~j welq n‡”Q gyw³hy×| cieZ©x‡Z Avcbvi †jLv hw` wbweofv‡e ch©‡eÿY Kwi Z‡e †`wL †h †mfv‡e wKš‘ gyw³hy× A‡bK RvqMvq Avm‡jI gyw³hyׇK g~j DcRxe¨ K‡i Avcwb Avi wKQy †j‡Lbwb| GB KviYUv wK? kvnv`y¾vgvb : Gi DËiUv wKš‘ cvIqv hv‡e †KD hw` AMí MíUv g‡bv‡hvM w`‡q c‡o| GB M‡íi †fZ‡i Avgvi mgvR fvebvi exR †cÖvw_Z Av‡Q| AMí MíUvi welq hw`I gyw³hy× wKš‘ IUvi

Avgvi cQ‡›`i wKQy gvbyl hv‡`i cÖwZ Avgvi AvMÖn wQj †hgb Gm Gg myjZvb, nvmvb AvwRRyj nK, AvLZviæ¾vgvb Bwjqv‡mi B›UviwfD K‡iwQ| Avgvi †h e¨w³ AwfÁZv †m¸‡jv Avwg A‡b¨i †jLv Abyev` K‡i, A‡b¨i mvÿvrKvi wb‡q GK ai‡bi Avovj wbw”Q

Avw½K jÿ Ki‡j †`L‡eb †h Avwg GKUv Mí ejvi †Póv K‡iwQ| gyw³hy‡×i Mí ejvi †Póv KiwQ Ges †mUvi †Póv K‡i Avwg e¨_© nw”Q| ZLb Avwg Avevi Av‡iKUv Mí wjLwQ| M‡íi †fZ‡i Mí| GB †h Avgvi cÖ_g Mí †jLv, Avwg XyKwQ GKUv RM‡Zi †fZ‡i †mUvi †h wØav| Avgvi g‡b n‡”Q `y‡Uv e¨vcvi| cÖ_gZ, Avwg MíUv †hfv‡e wjL‡Z PvB †mfv‡e wVK n‡”Q bv| Avwg cviwQ bv| GB †h Avwg cviwQ bv, GUv‡KB Avwg Avgvi M‡íi welq K‡i Zz‡jwQ| Avi wØZxq †h welq n‡”Q, gyw³hy× wb‡q Avgv‡`i †h MíUv ˆZwi Kiv `iKvi, †h ¯^cœUv Avgv‡`i wQj, †m ¯^cœUvI Avgv‡`i ˆZwi nqwb| †h Kvi‡Y Avgv‡`i gyw³hy‡×i MíUv †f‡O †M‡Q| GB `y‡Uv w_gB MíUvi †fZ‡i Av‡Q| G Kvi‡YB Avwg GwU‡K Mí ewjwb| e‡jwQ AMí| gvmD`yj nK : Avcwb †hŠe‡b hv wj‡L‡Qb †m¸‡jv‡Z †m A‡_© wKš‘ †ivgvw›UKZv †bB| Avcbv‡K ZiæY eqm †_‡KB Pig ev¯Íeev`x Ges †g›Uvwj Lye g¨vwPDiW g‡b nq| †m mg‡q mgeqmx‡`i mv‡_ Kgywb‡Kkb Ki‡Z Avcbvi Amyweav n‡Zv? kvnv`y¾vgvb : cÖ_vMZ A‡_© †h †cÖg M‡íi †fZ‡i, Zv nq‡Zv †bB| Z‡e Avgvi M‡íi †fZ‡i †cÖg Av‡Q| LyeB m~²fv‡e| gvmD`yj nK : wKš‘ hw` Avcbvi †jLv¸‡jv cwo Z‡e †`L‡ev †h Avcbvi †fZ‡i KwemËv Lye cÖej| †hgb a‡ib Avcbvi KuvVvj cvZv I GKwU gvwU †XjviMí| GB M‡íi jvBb hw` Avgiv GKUvi ci GKUv mvwR‡q †bB Z‡e †`wL †h GKUv PgrKvi KweZv ˆZwi n‡q hvq| wKš‘ Avcwb KL‡bv KweZv wjL‡Z Pvbwb, ev †j‡Lbwb| Gi KviYUv wK? kvnv`y¾vgvb : me ai‡bi KweZv evsjvmvwnZ¨ ev wek¦mvwn‡Z¨i KweZv Avwg c‡owQ| wKš‘ Avwg KweZv wjL‡Z DØy× nBwb| Gi Av‡M Avcwb cÖkœ K‡i‡Qb †h Avgvi mgeqmx‡`i mv‡_ Avgvi GK ai‡bi `~iZ¡ wQj wK bv? nu¨v, †mUv wQj| KviY, Avgvi Av‡kcv‡ki hviv mvwnZ¨ PP©v Ki‡Zb Zuvi †fZ‡i LyeB mxwgZ gvbyl hviv Avgvi eÜy wQj Ges Avwg Avgvi fvebv¸‡jv †kqvi Ki‡Z cviZvg| AwaKvs‡ki mv‡_B


Avwg cviZvg bv| ïiæ‡ZB ejwQjvg, Avgvi bvbvwea gva¨‡gi mv‡_ Avgvi AvMÖn wQj memgq Ges Avwg GKUv gvwëwWwiƒcøbvwi AvMÖ‡ni RvqMv †_‡KB Rxeb hvcb Kwi| A‡b‡Ki Kv‡QB Avgvi Mí¸‡jv‡K KweZv g‡b n‡Z cv‡i| Avcwb KuvVvj cvZv I GKwU gvwU †Xjvi MíwUi K_v ej‡jb, GB MíUv Avwg wKQyUv we¯§‡qi mv‡_B †`‡LwQ GKUv wek¦we`¨vj‡q GKwU Ave„wË Abyôv‡b GKwU †g‡q GwU KweZv wn‡m‡e co‡Q| Avwg LywkB n‡qwQ| Avgvi Mí‡K KweZv e‡j hw` †KD g‡b K‡i Avgvi †Kv‡bv AvcwË †bB| Avgvi bvbv kvLvi †`qvj †f‡O †`qvi e¨vcv‡i GKUv B”Qv Av‡Q| gvmD`yj nK : GKUv welq Avcwb ej‡jb †h, KweZvi cvkvcvwk GKUv gvwëwWwmwcøbvwi RvqMvq Avcwb KvR Ki‡Zb Ges KuvVvj cvZv, †Xjvi M‡íB †`Lv hv‡”Q Avcwb hLb eY©bv Ki‡Qb iƒcev‡bi Kvwnbx †mLv‡b Avcwb †`L‡Qb †h, GKUv k¦vc`msKzj Ai‡Y¨ GKUv wkï †Kv‡j wb‡q GKRb iƒcevb †nu‡U hv‡”Q| Avgiv †`wL †h, Avcbvi GKUv cÖmvwiZ `…wófw½| G ai‡Yi `…wóf½x Avgiv mvaviYZ †`wL †h wdj¥ hviv ˆZwi K‡i Zv‡`i GB ai‡Yi GKUv cÖmvwiZ `…wóf½x _v‡K| A‡bK eo RvqMv wb‡q †`Lv GKUv welq‡K| †Zv Avcbvi †mB RvqMv †_‡K Avgiv ¯^vfvweK fv‡eB aviYv Ki‡Z cvwi Pjw”PÎ Avcwb wbg©vY Ki‡Z cvi‡Zb Ges GB wb‡q Avcbvi AvMÖn Av‡Q| K_v Pjw”P‡Îi bv‡g G eQi Avcbvi GKUv eBI †ei n‡q‡Q| Gi Av‡M P¨vcwjb Av‡Rv PgrKvi †mB bv‡g Avcbvi GKUv eB wQj| †Zv †mB K_vUvB Rvb‡Z Pvw”Q †h, GB RvqMv‡Z Avcwb we¯Íi mgq w`‡q‡Qb GKmgq, Pjw”P‡Îi RvqMv‡Z| evsjv‡`‡ki Pjw”PÎ wbg©v‡Yi mv‡_ hviv RwoZ Zv‡`i mv‡_ GKmgq A‡bKUv mgq KvwU‡q‡Qb Avcwb| Zvic‡i, Avcwb †kl ch©šÍ GLb Avi Pjw”PÎ evbv‡eb wK bv Avwg Rvwbbv| wKsev G wb‡q Avcbvi †Kvb AvMÖn Av‡Q wK bv? kvnv`y¾vgvb : GKUv b›`b ZvwË¡K RvqMv †_‡K, ivR‰bwZK RvqMv †_‡K wd‡j¥i A‡bK eo m¤¢vebv †`LZvg| Ges wdj¥ †gwKsUv‡K gv‡b Avwg hw`

GB M‡íi †fZ‡i Avgvi mgvR fvebvi exR †cÖvw_Z Av‡Q| AMí MíUvi welq hw`I gyw³hy× wKš‘ IUvi Avw½K jÿ Ki‡j †`L‡eb †h Avwg GKUv Mí ejvi †Póv K‡iwQ| gyw³hy‡×i Mí ejvi †Póv KiwQ Ges †mUvi †Póv K‡i Avwg e¨_© nw”Q| ZLb Avwg Avevi Av‡iKUv Mí wjLwQ| M‡íi †fZ‡i Mí wk‡íi †Kvb gva¨‡gi mv‡_ hy³ nB Z‡e Pjw”PÎ wbg©vY Ki‡ev G iKg GKUv B”Qv‡Zv wQj| hLb wdj¥ AvK©vBf †Kvm© nq Avwg, Zv‡iK gvmy` GKmv‡_ †m †Kvm© Kwi| wdj¥ †gwKs G hy³ n‡qwQjvg| Avwg †QvU wdj¥ ˆZwiI K‡iwQjvg| Abyaveb Kijvg Avgvi Rxeb hvc‡bi †h c×wZ, †h ai‡bi †ckvi mv‡_ Avwg hy³, Avgvi cwievi, Rxeb hvcb BZ¨vw` wgwj‡q Pjw”P‡Î wbg©v‡Yi Rb¨ †h Rxebhvcb `iKvi Avwg Abyfe Kijvg †h, GUv Avgvi c‡ÿ Lye `~in n‡e| Avwg Zv‡iK‡K Lye KvQ †_‡K †`‡LwQ| Ges Avgvi g‡b n‡q‡Q GKRb wdj¥ †gKv‡ii Rxeb hvcb GiKgB nIqv DwPr| †h ai‡bi P¨v‡jÄ †m wb‡q‡Q, wdj¥ †Zv GKB mv‡_ wkí Ges BÛvw÷ª,AvU© GÛ BÛvw÷ª †Zv †mB BÛvw÷ª †gBb‡UBb Kivi Rb¨ †h kw³ Ges mgq `iKvi Avwg Abyfe

Kijvg †h †mUv Avgvi c‡ †`qv m¤¢e bv| eis †jLvUv Ggb GKUv KvR †hUv GK ai‡Yi wbf…‡Z Kiv †hZv cv‡i| c„w_exi †h cÖv‡šÍ Avwg _vwK bv †Kb, Avgvi GB gv_vUv Avgvi mv‡_ _vK‡jB P‡j| gvmD`yj nK : Avevi Avgiv hw` Av‡iKUz Mfx‡i hvB, GKv‡WwgK mvBW †_‡K hw` we‡ePbv Kwi, ejv n‡q _v‡K †h evsjv‡`‡ki †gwW‡Kj Gb‡_ªvcjwR wb‡q cÖ_g †h eBwU †mwU n‡”Q ÔGKRb nvmcvZvj, GKRb b„weÁvbx, I K‡qKwU fvOv nvoÕ| Ges GwU m¤¢eZ Avcwb †gwW‡Kj Gb‡_ªvcjwRKvj Avm‡c± †_‡KB wj‡L‡Qb, Avcbvi wcGBPwW w_wm‡mi Awfm›`f© wQj| Ges GwU wjL‡Z wM‡q Avcwb ej‡Qb †h, †ivM gvby‡liB eqmx| †iv‡Mi mv‡_ msMÖvgI gvby‡li Avw`g Kvj †_‡K| G‡KK mf¨Zvq M‡o D‡V‡Q G‡KK iKg wPwKrmv e¨e¯’v| fvi‡Z Avqy‡e©`, Px‡b AvKz cvsPvi, BD‡iv‡c G‡jvc¨vw_, †nvwgIc¨vw_| Kv‡ji avivevwnKZvq BD‡iv‡ci wPwKrmv e¨e¯’v G‡jvc¨vw_ c„w_exi Ab¨Zg GKwU wPwKrmv e¨e¯’v wn‡m‡e †`Lv w`‡q‡Q Ges nvmcvZvj n‡q D‡V‡Q wPwKrmvi cÖvY †K›`ª| GB †cÖwÿ‡Z Avwg Avcbvi Kv‡Q Rvb‡Z PvB‡ev †h, Avcwb g~jZ GKRb wPwKrmK| nvmcvZvj w`‡q GKwU Awfm›`f© ˆZwi Kivi B‡”Q Avcbvi †Kb RvM‡jv? kvnv`y¾vgvb : Aa¨vcbv Ges M‡elYvi mv‡_ wPwKrmv †ckvi mgš^q NUv‡Z †P‡qwQjvg †hb Avwg GKUz mgq cvB| Avwg †h Lye kL K‡i †gwW‡K‡j co‡Z wM‡qwQ †mUv bv| Avgv‡`i ga¨weË cwiev‡i GKUz fv‡jv †iRvë _vK‡j evev gv g‡b K‡i †h, Wv³vi bv nq BwÄwbqvi n‡e| Avgvi evev wQ‡jb BwÄwbqvi myZivs cyZj z †Ljvi g‡Zv Avi wK| A_©vr, Avwg‡Zv evev BwÄwbqvi| Zzwg GKUz Wv³vi nI| †Zv, Avwg †gwW‡K‡j co‡Z †Mjvg| cojvg| wKš‘ †`Ljvg †h, cowQ Wv³vwi wKš‘ mvwnZ¨ †Zv Avgvi wcQy Qv‡o bv| Avwg Zvi †_‡K †e‡iv‡Z cvijvg bv| Gici †gwW‡K‡j cvk K‡i cÖ_vMZ Wv³vi bv n‡q Avwg g~jZ M‡elYvi w`‡K †Mjvg, wkÿKZvi w`‡K †Mjvg| Avwg cvewjK †nj‡_ cov‡kvbv

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GKUv b›`b ZvwË¡K RvqMv †_‡K, ivR‰bwZK RvqMv †_‡K wd‡j¥i A‡bK eo m¤¢vebv †`LZvg| Ges wdj¥ †gwKsUv‡K gv‡b Avwg hw` wk‡íi †Kvb gva¨‡gi mv‡_ hy³ nB Z‡e Pjw”PÎ wbg©vY Ki‡ev G iKg GKUv B”Qv‡Zv wQj| hLb wdj¥ AvK©vBf †Kvm© nq Avwg, Zv‡iK gvmy` GKmv‡_ †m †Kvm© Kwi| wdj¥ †gwKs G hy³ n‡qwQjvg| Avwg †QvU wdj¥ ˆZwiI K‡iwQjvg

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K‡iwQ| Zvic‡i †gwW‡Kj Gb‡_ªvcjwR‡Z wcGBPwW K‡iwQ| Ges Avgvi †h‡nZz mgvRweÁv‡b AvMÖn Ges Rxe‡bi Ab¨cÖvšÍ¸‡jv wb‡q AvMÖn, ms¯‹…wZ wb‡q AvMÖn, Avwg †hUv Kijvg †h, nvmcvZvj Avgv‡K ˆZwi K‡i‡Q GKRb Wv³vi wn‡m‡e GB nvmcvZvj‡K Avwg Ab¨ GKUv †jÝ w`‡q †`Lvi †Póv Kijvg| b„weÁv‡bi KvR n‡”Q †h‡Kvb wKQyi mvs¯‹w… ZK gvÎvUv‡K †`Lv| Avwg ZLb nvmcvZv‡ji Ici GKUv b„‰eÁvwbK M‡elYv Kijvg| †hUv g~jZ nvmcvZv‡ji Rxeb, nvmcvZvj wKfv‡e Avgv‡`i GB †`‡ki bvbv gvÎv‡K Dc¯’vcb K‡i †mUvi Dci wfwË K‡iB Avgvi GB eB| GUv Avgvi wcGBPwW w_wmm wQj| GUv ej‡Z cv‡ib †h, nvmcvZv‡ji GKUv mgvRZvwË¡K Ges b„‰eÁvwbK we‡kølY| gvmD`yj nK : GB eBwU †m A‡_© eûj cwVZ bq e‡j Avwg g‡b Kwi, Zvic‡iI Avgvi g‡b nq †h B`vbxs GB eBwU Av‡Mi †P‡q A‡bK †ewk cwVZ n‡”Q| kvnv`y¾vgvb : wKQy wKQy wek¦we`¨vj‡qi b„weÁvb wefv‡Mi cvV¨m~wP‡Z GwU AšÍf©‚³ Av‡Q| G ai‡Yi †jLv hviv b„weÁv‡b c‡o Zv‡`i Rb¨ cÖ_g| gvmD`yj nK : Avcbvi Av‡iKwU ¸iæZ¡c~Y© KvR n‡”Q fvebv fvlvšÍi| fvebv fvlvšÍi eBwU‡Z Avcwb †ek wKQy ¸iæZ¡cY~ © cwðgv †jLK‡`i †jLv Abyev` K‡i‡Qb Ges hv‡`i g‡a¨ Av‡Q nvIqvW© wRb, KvRvbv RvwKP, Kvj© ¸¯ÍyBqs, wPbyqv Av‡P‡e| eBwU co‡Z wM‡q Avgvi Kv‡Q me‡P‡q †ewk `…wó AvKl©Y K‡i‡Q nvIqvW© wR‡bi †jLvwU| Kj¤^vm Av‡gwiKv †h Avwe®‹vi K‡iwQj GwU‡K GKUz wfbœ Avw½‡K †`Lvi †Póv K‡i‡Q| GB welqwU‡K Avcwb Avjv`v fv‡e Abyev` Kivi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv †Kb Abyfe Ki‡jb? kvnv`y¾vgvb : Avgvi g~j AvMÖ‡ni RvqMvUv wQj mgvR Ges ivRbxwZ| †h Kvi‡Y Avwg hLb mvwnZ¨ co‡Z hvw”Q, BwZnvm co‡Z hvw”Q ZLb ivR‰bwZK †jÝUv Avgvi memgq KvR K‡i| Avgiv HwZnvwmKfv‡e Rvwb †h, Kj¤^vm Av‡gwiKv Avwe®‹vi K‡i‡Q| GLb, †K Kv‡K Avwe®‹vi K‡i‡Q †mUv GKUv cÖ‡kœi e¨vcvi| KviY, ILv‡b Avw`evmx hviv Zviv nvRvi eQi a‡i ILv‡b Av‡Qb| Avwg cÖ_g Zv‡`i †`Ljvg e‡j Avwe®‹vi Kijvg, D‡ëvfv‡e †`L‡j Avw`evmxivI Kj¤^vm‡K Avwe®‹vi K‡i‡Q †m mg‡q| Kj¤^vm GKiKgfv‡e Avw`evmx‡`i †`‡L‡Q, Avw`evmxivI wKš‘ Kj¤^vm m¤ú‡K© wj‡L‡Q|

Zviv wK fve‡Q Zv‡K wb‡q| weL¨vZ BwZnvmwe` nvIqvW© wRb Avw`evmx‡`i †cÖwZ †_‡K Kj¤^vm‡K †`Levi †Póv K‡i‡Qb| Avwg GKUv †QvU D`vniY †`B, †KŠZ~nj DÏxcK e¨vcvi, †¯úwbkiv hLb cÖ_g Av‡gwiKvq bv‡g Avw`evmxiv cÖ_g GiKg †cvkvK civ gvbyl †`‡L| my¨U civ, bvbv iKg Kvco civ gvbyl| Zv‡`i wbR¯^ fvlvq Zviv Gm‡ei †bvU †i‡L‡Q| Zv‡`i ¯§„wZ †_‡K Zviv Gme welq wb‡q wj‡L‡Q GB †h bZzb GKiKg gvbylRb Avm‡jv| Lye gRvi welq †h, Ggb GKUv w¯ŒÞ cvIqv †M‡Q †mLv‡b Zviv ej‡Q †h Avgiv fvewQ †h wbðqB Zv‡`i Pvgovq †Kvb mgm¨v Av‡Q, †ivM Av‡Q G Kvi‡Y kixi Gfv‡e †X‡K ivLv n‡q‡Q| Zv‡`i Kv‡Q †cvkvKUv Lye GKUv B¤úiU¨v›U GKUv e¨vcvi bv H KvB‡g‡U| nvIqvW© wRb ej‡Qb †h, Kj¤^vm m¤ú‡K© Av‡gwiKvq †h BwZnvm †kLv‡bv nq Zvi GKUv wfbœ BwZnvm Av‡Q| †hUv Avw`evmxi `…wó‡KvY †_‡K| Dwb †mB, BwZnvmUv G·‡cøvi K‡i‡Qb| K‡i cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb| Avwg GUv c‡o LyeB PgrK…Z n‡qwQjvg| Avwg fvejvg †h, GB `…wó‡KvYUv‡KI cÖPvi Kiv `iKvi| GB fvebv †_‡KB Abyev`wU Kiv| gvmD`yj nK : eyw×e„wËK Abyev‡`i evB‡iI Avcbvi GKUv Lye ¸iæZ¡c~Y© Abyev`MÖš’ Av‡Q †mwU n‡”Q K¨v½viæ †`Lvi †kÖô w`b| m¤¢eZ we‡`kx M‡íi GwUB Avcbvi cÖ_g Abyev` wQj| K¨v½viæ †`Lvi †kÖô w`bwU †jLvi †cQ‡b Avcbvi wK Aby‡cÖiYv KvR K‡i‡Q? kvnv`y¾vgvb : Avwg hLb GKUv ch©v‡q Mí wjL‡Z ïiæ Kijvg ZLb Mí wj‡L Avb›` cvw”Q, Avevi Ggb GKUv mgq Av‡m hLb Zv‡K ivBUvm© eøK e‡j, Avwg bZzbfv‡e Avi Mí wjL‡Z cviwQ bv| †mB BÝcv‡q‡ikbUv cvw”Q bv| IiKg GKUv eø‡Ki mgq Avgvi g‡b n‡jv †h Mí wjL‡Z nvZ wbkwck Ki‡Q| Av‡`ªR wRZ‡K GKRb cÖkœ K‡iwQj, †h Avcwb †j‡Lb †Kb? Dwb ej‡jb †h, bv wjL‡j Avgvi nvZ e¨_v K‡i| A‡b‡K †hgb e‡j †h, wjL‡j nvZ e¨_v K‡i, Ibvi bv wjL‡j nvZ e¨_v K‡i| Avgvi g‡b nw”Qj †h, Mí wjL‡Z cviwQ bv G‡Z Avgvi GK ai‡Yi Kó n‡”Q| gvmD`yj nK : gvbwmK hš¿Yv| kvnv`y¾vgvb : nu¨v| hLb Mí wjL‡Z cviwQjvg bv, ZLb Avwg A‡b¨i Mí Abyev` Kiv ïiæ Kijvg| Abyev` Kivi †fZi w`‡q Mí †jLvi Avb›`Uv‡K Abyfe Kivi †Póv


Kijvg| ZviB dmj GB eBwU| gvmD`yj nK : Avgiv hw` †Lqvj Kwi Z‡e †`L‡ev GB K¨v½viæ †`Lvi †kÖôw`‡bi ciciB Avcwb gnvk~‡b¨ mvB‡Kj bv‡g evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i GKwU ¸iæZ¡cY~ © Mí wj‡L‡Qb| Ges gnvk~‡b¨ mvB‡K‡ji Av‡Mi †jLv Mí¸‡jv Ges c‡ii †jLv Mí¸‡jvi g‡a¨ Avw½‡K GKUv eo cwieZ©b i‡q‡Q| Avcwb Av‡M GKUz †QvU AvKv‡ii Mí wjL‡Zb, Avgiv †`wL †h Gic‡i †h Mí¸‡jv wjL‡jb Zv ˆ`‡N©¨ A‡bK eo Ges welq fvebv‡ZI cwieZ©b G‡m‡Q| GwU Avcwb wb‡R ai‡Z cv‡ib wK bv? Ges KviY wK e‡j g‡b nq? kvnv`y¾vgvb : Avwg m‡PZbfv‡e GwU †Lqvj Kwiwb| wKš‘ Avcwb ejvi c‡i †hUv fvev †h‡Z cv‡i †h, nu¨v Avgvi †m mgqUvq Rxeb hvc‡bi †fZ‡i GKUv cwieZ©b n‡q‡Q| Avwg we‡`‡k _vKv ïiæ Kwi| we‡`‡k cov‡kvbv Ki‡Z hvB| †m¸‡jvi Kvi‡Y GK ai‡bi bZzb †eva`q nq| †`‡ki mv‡_ GKUv `~iZ¡ ˆZwi n‡”Q| Avevi †`‡ki ˆbK‡U¨i Rb¨ cÖPÊ GKUv AvKv•ÿv Av‡Q| GB †h GKUv Ø›Ø, GB `~i‡Z¡i †evaUv wb‡qB MíUv| Ges †mUv ej‡Z cv‡ib †h, Avgvi GB e¨w³ Rxe‡bi GB cwieZ©‡bi KviY| gvmD`yj nK : `~iZ¡ Ges wew”QbœZv| Lye KvQvKvwQ kã wKš‘ hw` Gi cÖKvk fw½ ewj, G `y‡Uvi †fZ‡i †h I‡qU GUvi g‡a¨I wKš‘ A‡bK cv_©K¨| GB `y‡Uv kã‡K KvQvKvwQ wb‡q Avmv Ges wew”Qbœ K‡i †`Lv‡bv GB fvebvwU Avcbvi wbR¯^, †gŠwjK wK bv? kvnv`y¾vgvb : GUv †gŠwjK wK bv Rvwb bv Z‡e M‡í wVK GB welqwU Gi Av‡M wVK M‡í Avwg KvD‡K PP©v Ki‡Z †`wLwb| GUv Avwg cvV‡Ki RvqMvq †Q‡o w`jvg| Zviv MíwU co‡j Abyaveb Ki‡e †Kb G kã `ywU wb‡q Avwg GK ai‡Yi †Ljv †L‡jwQ| gvmD`yj nK : Avcwb †h Mí †j‡Lb, †mLv‡b wKš‘ †mfv‡e bvix PwiÎ DcRxe¨ K‡i †j‡Lb bv| Avcbvi Mí¸‡jv‡Z wKsev Dcb¨vm¸‡jv‡ZI bvix PwiÎ Lye GKUv cÖvavb¨ cvq bv| Ges Avgiv Lye GKUv Dcw¯’wZI †`wL bv bvix Pwi‡Îi| †`Lv hvq †Kv_vI †Kv_vI bvix PwiÎ nq‡Zv Av‡Q| wKš‘ g~j DcRxe¨ bq|

GKUv Pwi·K cÖKvk Kivi Rb¨ nq‡Zv Avcwb GKRb bvix Pwi·K wb‡q G‡m‡Qb| GUv wK Avcwb m‡PZbfv‡eB K‡ib bv wK Avcbvi g‡b nq †h bvix PwiÎ wb‡q KvR Kiv GKUz `~in? kvnv`y¾vgvb : cÖPwjZ A‡_© memgq bvix cyiæ‡li †cÖg‡K †hfv‡e Dc¯’vcb Kiv nq †mfv‡e nq‡Zv †bB| Avgvi Mí ÔAvbœv Kv‡iwbbvi R‰bK cvwVKvÕi g~j PwiÎ GKRb bvix| ÔAb¨ GK MíKv‡ii Mí wb‡q MíÕ GB M‡íiI g~j PwiÎ GKRb bvix| Zvic‡i ÔPxbv Ai Ges †`qvjÕ †mLv‡bI bvix PwiÎ i‡q‡Q| gvmD`yj nK : Lye weL¨vZ Mí Ô†R¨vrmœv †jv‡Ki msev`Õ G wiwRqv bv‡g bvix PwiÎ i‡q‡Q| kvnv`y¾vgvb : nu¨v, GB MíwU g~jZ GKRb bvix‡K †K›`ª K‡iB| gvmD`yj nK : hviv †jLv‡jwL K‡ib Zviv †jLK wn‡m‡e wKQy †mjd †mÝikxc Av‡ivc K‡ib| †hgb a‡ib, Avwg wjL‡Z wM‡q fvwe †h Avwg †h †jLvUv wjLwQ GwU hw` Avgvi ¯¿x c‡ob Z‡e wK fve‡eb, Avgvi mšÍvb hw` c‡o †m Avgvi m¤ú‡K© wK fve‡e| Gfv‡e K‡i wKš‘ Avgiv A‡bK wKQy †_‡K wb‡R‡K `~‡i mwi‡q †bB| Avcwb e¨w³MZfv‡e GKRb †jLK wn‡m‡e †Kvb †Kvb welq¸‡jv‡Z †mjd †mÝiwkc Av‡ivc K‡ib? kvnv`y¾vgvb : Avwg g‡b Kwi †h, GKRb †jLK‡K †hgb wm×všÍ wb‡Z n‡e †m wK wjL‡e, cvkvcvwk Zv‡K GB wm×všÍI †bqv DwPr †m wK wjL‡e bv| Avwg bvbv welq w`‡q ZvwoZ nB| wKš‘ GUvI wVK †h, Avwg GK ai‡bi †mÝi Kwi| Avwg †KvbUv wb‡q wjL‡ev, †KvbUv wb‡q wjL‡ev bv| e¨w³MZfv‡e hw` ewj, Avgvi †jLv Avgvi cwiev‡ii mevB c‡o| Avgvi ¯¿x Avgvi †h‡Kv‡bv M‡íi cÖ_g cvwVKv †m| Zvi gšÍe¨ wb‡q Avwg †jLv QvcvB| †m LyeB †ev×v cvwVKv| †m Uv Avwg †f‡e Kwi bv| Z‡e Lye Mfxi A‡_© ejv hvq †h, A‡bK K_v Av‡Q Avgiv gy‡L mevB‡K ewj| Avevi wKQy K_v Av‡Q Avgiv wKQy gvbyl‡K ewj| Avevi wKQy K_v Av‡Q Avgiv †Kej wb‡R‡K ewj| Avevi Ggb wKQy K_v _v‡K hv Avgiv wb‡R‡KI ewj bv| G‡Kev‡i †fZ‡ii †Mvcb wKQy K_v| A‡bK eo gv‡ci †jL‡Kiv wKš‘ GB

Pvi ai‡bi K_v‡K Avb‡Z cv‡i| Avwg ¯^xKvi Ki‡ev †h, GK`g †h K_v¸‡jv Avwg wb‡Ri mv‡_I ej‡Z fq cvB †m K_v¸‡jv hw` mvwn‡Z¨ Avbv hvq GUv AmvaviY GKUv RvqMvq hv‡e| Avwg GLbI †mUv Avb‡Z cvwiwb| Avwg †m RvqMv ¸‡jv Qy‡u Z cvwiwb| gvmD`yj nK : Avcbvi Dcb¨v‡mi bvq‡Kiv mgvRZvwš¿K mgvR e¨e¯’vi Dci Lye `ye©j| g~jZ AvcbviI †h GB mgvRe¨e¯’vi Dci `ye©jZv Av‡Q †mUvI Avcwb jyKvb bv| Ô†R¨vrmœv †jv‡Ki msev`Õ MíwUI DËg cyiæ‡l eY©bv Kiv Ges †kl ch©šÍ †`Lv hvq †h, †mB M‡íI Avcwb mgvRZvwš¿K mgvR e¨e¯’vi cÖwZ Avcbvi †h `ye©jZv †mwU jyKvbwb| GB †h mviv c„w_ex‡Z wek¦vq‡bi Kvi‡Y cwieZ©b n‡q †Mj, mgvRZ‡š¿i cZb n‡jv, abev`x mgv‡Ri DÌvb n‡jv, Avi mˇii `k‡K Avcwb †h ¯^cœwU †`‡LwQ‡jb| Gi g‡a¨ wKš‘ we¯Íi dvivK n‡q †M‡Q| GLb Avcwb GZ eQi c‡i G‡m hw` Avcbvi fvebv‡K g~j¨vqb K‡ib Z‡e G‡K wKfv‡e †`‡Lb? kvnv`y¾vgvb : Avgiv †h cÖR‡b¥i gvbyl †m mg‡q c„w_exUv `yBfv‡M wef³ wQj| GKUv cyuwRev`x wek¦, Av‡iKUv mgvRZvwš¿K wek¦| †h‡Kvb m‡PZb, we‡eKevb ZiæY ZiæYxi Rb¨ †m mg‡q GKUv ˆelg¨nxb, mgvRZvwš¿K mgv‡Ri ¯^cœ †`LvUv ¯^vfvweKB wQj| Avgiv †P‡qwQjvg Zv| Avgv‡`i †Rbv‡ikb †m RvqMvUv‡Z mgq e¨q K‡iwQ| †mB ¯^cœUv‡K Av‡iKUz mvg‡b wb‡q hvIqvi Rb¨| wbtm‡›`‡n Avgvi ïiæUv †mB mgvRZvwš¿K Av`k© †_‡K Zvi cÖwZ `ye©jZv Avgvi Av‡Q| wKš‘ Avcwb †hUv ej‡jb †h, mg‡qi mv‡_ mv‡_ †Zv c„w_exi GB mgvRZ‡š¿i fvOb n‡q‡Q| ÔwemM© †Z `ytLÕ bv‡g Avgvi GKUv eB i‡q‡Q| †m eBUv wKš‘ H fvO‡bi mgqUv‡K wb‡qB| Avgiv hviv ¯^cœ †`‡LwQjvg Ges ¯^cUv Avgiv †Pv‡Li mvg‡b †f‡O †h‡Z †`‡LwQ wKš‘ ¯^cœUv‡K Qvo‡Z cviwQ bv| A‡bKUv †cÖg †f‡O hvIqvi g‡Zv| †cÖg †f‡O †M‡Q wKš‘ †cÖwgKv‡K fyj‡Z cviwQ bv| GB †h GKUv gvSLv‡bi mgq mgvRZ‡š¿i e¨vcviUvI †Zgb| wemM© †Z `ytLI †miKg GKUv gvbwmK Ae¯’v †_‡K

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†jLv| AvR‡Ki c„w_ex‡Z bvbv weeZ©‡bi †fZi w`‡q GKUv we‡kl ch©v‡q Avgiv G‡m †cuŠ‡QwQ| GB gyn‡~ Z© Avwg g‡b Kwi bv †h evRvi A_©bxwZ c„w_exi mgvavb| Avevi †mfv‡e Avgiv mgvRZvwš¿K mgv‡Ri ¯^cœ †`‡LwQjvg †mLv‡bI bvbv mxgve×Zv wQj| GLb bZzb mgv‡Ri bvbv iKg fvebv n‡”Q| GB `y‡Uv †ev‡ai GKUv ms‡kø‡li K_vevZ©v n‡”Q| A‡bK bZzb ZË¡ `uvwo‡q‡Q| †m¸‡jvi w`‡K Avwg jÿ¨ ivLwQ| myZivs Avwg g‡b Kwi †h, bZzb K‡i fvevi RvqMv Av‡Q| gvmD`yj nK : Avcbvi Dcb¨vm¸‡jv ÔwemM© †Z `ytLÕ, µv‡Pi K‡b©j, Ges Ab¨wU n‡”Q G eQ‡i cÖKvwkZ ÔGKRb Kgjv‡jeyÕ| GB wZbwU Dcb¨vm wZbwU wfbœ wfbœ wel‡qi Dc‡i| wemM© †Z `ytL wb‡q Avcwb LvwbKUv Av‡jvKcvZ K‡i‡Qb| Gi evB‡i Avwg ej‡Z PvB †h, µv‡Pi K‡b©j eBwU K‡b©j Zv‡ni‡K DcRxe¨ K‡i †jLv| GB fvebvwU Avcbvi †Kb Gj †h K‡b©j Zv‡ni‡K DcRxe¨ K‡i Dcb¨vm wjL‡eb? kvnv`y¾vgvb : 1969 †_‡K 1975, GB mgqUv evsjv‡`‡ki BwZnv‡mi Rb¨ me‡P‡q bvUKxq GKUv mgq| Avwg G mgqUv‡K eyS‡Z †Póv K‡iwQ| Ges Avwg †hUv evieviB ejjvg †h, cÖkœ w`‡q ZvwoZ n‡qwQ| Avgvi cÖkœ wQj †h, evsjv‡`‡ki BwZnvm‡K †hfv‡e bvbvfv‡e weK…Z Kiv n‡q‡Q, bvbv iKg b¨v‡iwUf ˆZwi Kiv n‡q‡Q, c„w_exi Lye Kg †`‡kB Ggb BwZnvm wb‡q GZiKg Uvbv †nuPov Kiv n‡q‡Q| Avgiv †h cÖR‡b¥ eo n‡qwQ, cieZ©x cÖR‡b¥I GK ai‡Yi weåvwšÍ ˆZwi Kiv n‡q‡Q| Avgvi wPšÍvUv wQj †h, †Kvb wbw`©ó cøvUd‡g©i evB‡i `uvwo‡q h‡ZvUv m¤¢e GKUv wbi‡cÿ RvqMv †_‡K BwZnv‡mi H mgqUvi w`‡K ZvKv‡bv| ej‡Z cv‡ib †h, Avwg Ggb GKUv gvbyl‡K wb‡qwQ †h civwRZ GKRb gvbyl| Rqxiv Zv‡`i gZ K‡i BwZnvm ˆZwi K‡i| civwRZ GKUv gvbyl, Zvi GKUv ¯^cœ wQj, †m †mB ¯^cœUv‡K, Av`‡k©i RvqMvq wb‡R‡K wb‡e`b Ki‡Z wM‡q GKUv gvbyl hv hv wemR©b w`‡Z cv‡i, Dwb †mUv w`‡q‡Qb| Dwb Ibvi A‡bK eo mvgwiK PvKix †Q‡o‡Qb| Ibvi GKwU cv nvwi‡q‡Qb| Dwb Ibvi RxebI w`‡q‡Qb| GKUv Av`k©‡K †bevi Rb¨ ev cÖwZôvi Rb¨| Av`k©Uv‡K wb‡q Avgiv weZK© Ki‡Z cvwi| Zvi mvdj¨ wb‡q Avgiv weZK© Ki‡Z cvwi, Zv‡K †ivgvw›UK ej‡Z cvwi, Zv‡K nVKvix ej‡Z cvwi, GB weZK© Pj‡Z cv‡i| Avgvi g~j D‡Ïk¨Uv n‡”Q †mB w¯úwi‡Ui w`‡K jÿUv Kiv| Ggb GKUv cÖRb¥ GLb eo n‡”Q †h wb‡Ri evB‡i fvevi my‡hvM GZ K‡g †M‡Q| Gwg GLb GKUv K_v ewj †h, wgDwRqvg Ad wg| mewKQy Avgv‡K †K›`ª K‡i| Ges Avgvi evB‡i GKUv wKQyi Rb¨ †h Rxeb‡K †`qv hvq, GB fvebv¸‡jvB Av‡¯Í Av‡¯Í K‡g hv‡”Q| gvmD`yj nK : Avgiv msKxY© n‡q hvw”Q| kvnv`y¾vgvb : GB gvbylUv‡K Dc¯’vcb Kiv, Zvi ivRbxwZ wb‡q Avgiv weZK© Kwi, wVK Av‡Q| wKš‘ GB evsjv‡`‡kB wKQy wKQy gvbyl, BDwbfvwm©wU, ey‡qU Zviv mewKQy †Q‡oQy‡o w`‡q †`‡ki Rb¨ GKUv wKQy Ki‡Z Pv‡”Q| GB w¯úwiUUv‡KB Avwg ai‡Z †P‡qwQ| gvmD`yj nK : kvnevM 13 I †mB w¯úwiU †_‡K †jLv?

kvnv`y¾vgvb : kvnevM Av‡›`vjb‡K Avwg evsjv‡`‡ki †cÖwÿ‡Z A‡bK ¸iæZ¡cY~ © GKUv NUbv e‡j g‡b Kwi| evsjv‡`‡ki euvK †div‡bvi| Avev‡iv ewj †h, kvnevM wb‡q ZK© weZK© n‡Z cv‡i, Gi cÿwecÿ, GUv Kvi G‡RÛv wQj, GUv wK GKUv lohš¿ wK bv, †m wb‡q weZK© Pj‡Z cv‡i wKš‘ ev¯ÍeZv n‡”Q GB NUbvUv N‡UwQj| Ges GB NUbvUvi †fZi w`‡q evsjv‡`‡ki ivRbxwZi GKUv †gvo Ny‡i wM‡qwQj| bvBbwUwÝ·wU GB‡U c¨vwi‡m Ggb GKUv gyf‡g›U n‡qwQj| c‡biw`‡bi g‡Zv GB Av‡›`vjb wQj Ges c‡i Zv eÜ n‡q †M‡Q| GB gyf‡g›U d«vÝ †Zv e‡UB cy‡iv BD‡iv‡ci BwZnvm e`‡j w`‡q‡Q| AvR‡K hLb I‡`i B‡jKkb nq ZLb c¨vwi‡mi GB Av‡›`vj‡bi K_v Av‡m| Avwg g‡b Kwi †h, kvnev‡Mi †h cwieZ©bUv n‡q‡Q, wKQy wKQy wRwb‡mi AwfNvZ eyS‡Z A‡bK mgq w`‡Z nq| BwZnv‡mi GKUv MwZ †h Ny‡i‡Q †mUv IB mgv‡e‡ki RvqMvq| GKBfv‡e Avwg †m mgqUv‡K eyS‡Z †P‡qwQ Avgvi gZ K‡i †h, †Kb nVvr K‡i e¨vcviUv NU‡jv| gvmD`yj nK : †m mgqUvq hLb Avgv‡`i †`‡k kvnevM Av‡›`vjUv P‡j Avcwb wKš‘ ZLb †`‡ki evB‡i| †Zv, Avcwb Bsj¨v‡Û e‡m hLb †`L‡Zb welqUv‡K ZLb Avcwb wKfv‡e GB welqUvi mv‡_ m¤ú„³ n‡q welqUv‡K GbvjvBwmm Ki‡Zb? kvnv`y¾vgvb : kvixwiKfv‡e Avwg †Kv_vq Ae¯’vb KiwQ Zvi †P‡qI A‡bK eo e¨vcvi Avwg gvbwmKfv‡e †Kv_vq wb‡R‡K wejs Kwi| Avwg eû †Q‡j †c‡j‡K †`wL, eû gvbyl‡K †`wL Dwb evsjv‡`‡k _v‡Kb wKš‘ mg¯Í gv_v gb n‡”Q we‡`‡k| mvivÿY Dwb Nyi‡Qb GB ¯^cœ wb‡q †h †Kvbw`b Dwb BD‡iv‡ci gvwU‡Z cv ivL‡eb| wKš‘ Avwg BD‡iv‡c _vK‡jI Avgvi mg¯Í gb, mËv _v‡K evsjv‡`‡k| Ges Avwg Avgvi mg¯Í B‡dvU© Avwg evsjv‡`k‡K w`‡q w`B| Avwg wjwL GBLv‡b, Avgvi fvlvq Avwg wjwL, Avwg †i¸jvi GLv‡b Avwm| hLb GLv‡b Avwm, me iKgfv‡eB Avwg Avgvi mgqUv‡K e¨q Kwi evsjv‡`‡ki †cQ‡b| Avcwb †nvwPwg‡bi bvg Rvb‡eb| †nvwPwgb 52 eQi eq‡m wf‡qZbv‡g G‡m‡Qb, Dwb mvivRxeb c¨vwi‡m _vK‡Zb| wKš‘ mg¯Í wf‡qZbv‡gi BwZnvm Dwb e`‡j w`‡q‡Qb| Avwg g‡b Kwi †h, †Kv_vq Avwg kvixwiKfv‡e AvwQ, Zvi †P‡q gvbwmKfv‡e †Kv_vq AvwQ †mUv B¤úiU¨v›U| gvmD`yj nK : GKRb Kgjv‡jey, †hwU GeQi †ei n‡q‡Q| GKwU cwÎKv‡Z Avgiv †`‡LwQ †h we‡klfv‡e Av‡jvwPZB n‡qwQj| hLb C`msL¨vq †ei n‡qwQj| Zvici †evanq Avcwb Avw½‡K A‡bK cwieZ©b G‡b‡Qb| cieZ©x‡Z Av‡iv KvR K‡i‡Qb| G wel‡q Avwg Rvb‡Z PvB †h, Avcwb Rxebvb›`‡K wb‡q Dcb¨vm †jLvi AvMÖn †eva Ki‡jb †Kb? kvnv`y¾vgvb : GUv wb‡q Avwg GKUv †QvU †jLv wj‡LwQ| GUvi e¨vKMÖvDÛUv| Avgvi Zvn‡j Av‡iKUz †cQ‡b †h‡Z nq, Avwg hLb K¨v‡WU K‡j‡R cwo ZLb K¨v‡WU K‡j‡R †Zv GKUv e›`x Rxeb wQj| Avwg hÏyi Rvwb AvcbviI †m e¨vKMÖvDÛ| Avcwb K¨v‡WU K‡j‡Ri Rxeb m¤ú‡K© Rv‡bb| GK ai‡bi MwÛi Rxe‡bi †fZ‡i eo nw”Qjvg| wKš‘ Avgvi gbUv memg‡qB MwÛi evB‡i †h‡Z PvB‡Zv| LvwK c‡i c¨v‡iW wcwU Kwi| gvqv‡Kv‡fvw¯‹i GKUv KweZv Av‡Q cvZjyb civ †gN| Avwg ZLb wb‡R‡K fveZvg LvwK cov †gN| KviY,

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_vKZvg ILv‡b wKš‘ gbUv _vK‡Zv evB‡i| Avgv‡`i GKRb evsjv wkÿK GKw`b K¬v‡m G‡m ej‡jb, †Zvgv‡`i wm‡jev‡m †Zv A‡bK iKg Kwe Av‡Q| †Zv, Avwg gvBbi Kwe‡`i †Kv‡bv KweZv cov‡ev bv| Avwg ïay †gRi Kwe‡`i KweZv cov‡ev| Avwg ZLb K¬vm bvB‡b cwo| †gRi-gvBb‡ii e¨vcviUvq weåvšÍ n‡q hvB| Zvici Dwb ej‡jb †h, Avwg GKUv †gRi Kwei KweZv †Zvgv‡`i †kvbvB| G K_v e‡jB Dwb Avgv‡`i wm‡jev‡mi evB‡i Rxebvb›` `v‡ki ÔAvU eQi Av‡Mi GKw`bÕ KweZvUv †kvbv‡jb| GB KweZvUv GK ai‡bi †Nvi ˆZwi Ki‡jv| Avwg IB †jLvq wj‡LwQjvg †h, ZLb ïbZvg †Q‡jaiv e¯Íve›`x K‡i wb‡q hvq †jvKRb‡K| Avgvi g‡b n‡jv GB KweZvUv Avgv‡K e¯Ívi †fZ‡i f‡i K¨v‡WU K‡j‡Ri evB‡i wb‡q †Mj| Gici Rxebvb‡›`i KweZv Avwg co‡Z ïiæ Kijvg| Avwg gvP©cv÷ Kwi Avi Avgvi gv_vi †fZ‡i †Nv‡i PgrKvi, aiv hvK `y-GKwU Bu`iy Gevi| wKš‘ Avwg hLb wjL‡Z ïiæ Kijvg, Mí wjLwQ wKš‘ Abyfe Kijvg Rxebvb‡›`i Aven Avgvi †fZ‡i ˆZwi n‡”Q| Avgvi GKUv eB‡qi bvg Av‡Q, cwð‡gi †g‡N †mvbvi wmsn, GUv Rxebvb›` `v‡ki †jLv †_‡K †bqv| gvivZ¥K wbiæcg Avb›` bv‡gi Avgvi GKUv Mí Av‡Q, †mUvI Rxebvb‡›`i K_v| Ab¨ GK MíKv‡ii Mí, †mUvI Rxebvb›` `v‡ki GKUv Mí wb‡q †jLv| Avgvi GKmgq GKUv †eva n‡jv †h, Rxebvb›` Avgv‡K GK ai‡bi AvQo K‡i‡Q| wm›`vev‡`i f‚‡Zi g‡Zv Avgvi Nv‡oi Dci e‡m‡Q| Avgvi GB fi †_‡K Avgv‡K AvQogy³ n‡Z n‡e| Avwg Rxebvb›`‡K wb‡q GKUv eB wjL‡ev| Zvn‡j Avwg GB wm›`vev‡`i f‚Z‡K bvgv‡Z cvi‡ev Avgvi gv_v †_‡K| gvmD`yj nK : GB `y‡Uv Dcb¨vm wb‡q wKQyUv mgv‡jvPbvI Av‡Q| †Kvb †Kvb mgv‡jvPK g‡b K‡ib GwU Avm‡j †m A‡_© Dcb¨vm bq| †KD †KD ej‡Qb WKzwdKkb| Avcwb GB mgv‡jvPbv‡K wKfv‡e G‡Wªm K‡ib? kvnv`y¾vgvb : Avgvi †jLv¸‡jv‡K Avwg GKUv mvwnZ¨Kg© wn‡m‡e †`wL| GUv‡K †j‡fj †`qvi `vwqZ¡ cvV‡Ki|

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GUv‡K †KD hw` KweZv ej‡Z Pvq, Dcb¨vm ej‡Z Pvq, Rxebx ej‡Z Pvq Avgvi †Kv‡bv AvcwË †bB| Avwg Dcb¨vwmK nevi Rb¨ wjwLwb| Avwg Rxebvb›`‡K eySevi R‡b¨ GUv wj‡LwQ| †mLv‡b Avwg †hUv memgq Kwi, Ab¨vb¨ gva¨‡gi †h m¤¢vebv¸‡jv Av‡Q Avwg me¸‡jv‡K Kv‡R jvMv‡Z PvB| KweZvi †h Dcv`vb Av‡Q, cÖe‡Üi †h Dcv`vb Av‡Q, M‡elYvi †h Dcv`vb Av‡Q G¸‡jv‡K Avwg GK RvqMvq Avwb| GUv‡K GRb¨ Rxebx ewjbv KviY Rxebx hviv †j‡Lb †hgb cÖfvZ Kzgvi `vk Rxebvb‡›`i Rxebx wj‡L‡Qb| wZwb GKai‡bi Ae‡Rw±f †_‡K Ibvi Rxeb‡K eY©bv K‡i‡Qb cy‡ivUv| GUv M‡elYv eB bv| M‡elYv K‡i‡Qb wKbUb ey_ wmwj| †mUvi KvR n‡”Q GKUv w_‡qvwi weì Avc Kiv| Avwg

kvnevM Av‡›`vjb‡K Avwg evsjv‡`‡ki †cÖwÿ‡Z A‡bK ¸iæZ¡cY~ © GKUv NUbv e‡j g‡b Kwi| evsjv‡`‡ki euvK †div‡bvi| Avev‡iv ewj †h, kvnevM wb‡q ZK© weZK© n‡Z cv‡i, Gi cÿwecÿ, GUv Kvi G‡RÛv wQj, GUv wK GKUv lohš¿ wK bv, †m wb‡q weZK© Pj‡Z cv‡i wKš‘ ev¯ÍeZv n‡”Q GB NUbvUv N‡UwQj

Rxebvb‡›`i Rxeb‡K wKš‘ Ae‡Rw±fwj †`wLwb| GUv Avgvi GKUv mve‡Rw±f †cÖ‡R‡›Ubkb| Rxebvb‡›`i cÖwZ Avgvi GKUv e¨vw³MZ Rvwb©| myZivs GUv †m A‡_© Rxebx bq| Avevi †Kvb w_‡qvwi weì Avc Avwg Kwiwb †h G‡K M‡elYv ejv hv‡e| GUv f‚‡g›`ªM~‡ni gZ ¯§„wZPviYI bv| GUv‡K Avwg MíI ej‡Z cviwQ bv| G‡K KweZvI ejv hv‡e bv| GKUv bvg hw` w`‡Z nq, Avwg g‡b Kwi Dcb¨v‡mi msÁv‡K Av‡iv we¯ÍZ … Kivi my‡hvM Av‡Q| Dcb¨vm gva¨gUv wKš‘ `yk wZb‡kv eQ‡ii, †ewk cyi‡bv bq| Gi Av‡M Dcb¨vm e‡j wKQy wQj bv| gvmD`yj nK : GUv‡K ÷ªvKPvivjvBRW KiviI †Kv‡bv gv‡b nq bv| kvnv`y¾vgvb : Avgv‡`i mgm¨v †hUv nq †h Avgiv K¨vUv‡MvivB‡Rkb Ki‡Z Af¨¯Í| GKUv eB hLb Avgiv †bB ZLb Avgiv G‡K K¨vUv‡Mvwi‡Z †dwj| †hgb, Avwg GLb GKUv KweZvi eB cov ïiæ Ki‡ev| ev Avwg GKUv Dcb¨vm covi Rb¨ eBUv LyjwQ| co‡Z wM‡q wKQyÿY ci †`wL †h, GKUz KweZv n‡”Q Avevi †`wL †h †Kv_vI B›Uvi‡cÖwUkb n‡”Q| e¨vLv, mvwnZ¨ mgv‡jvPbv n‡”Q| wKQy wKQy cvV‡Ki Rb¨ GUv Lye weiw³Ki| Avwg †m ai‡bi cvVK‡K GKUz cykI Ki‡Z PvB| Dcb¨v‡mi msÁv GK iKg wQj, GLb GK iKg Av‡Q, fwel¨‡Z wK n‡e Avcwb ej‡Z cv‡ib bv| †m A‡_© Avwg g‡b Kwi †h, GUv GKUv bZzb fv‡e Dc¯’vcb Kiv| gvmD`yj nK : AmvaviY wKQy Abyev`, M‡elYv, cÖe‡Üi eB _vKvi ciI Avcwb wKš‘ ax‡i ax‡i K_v mvwnwZ¨K wn‡m‡e cwiwPwZ cvIqv ïiæ K‡i‡Qb| Avcbv‡K hw` Avgiv ïaygvÎ K_vmvwnwZ¨K wn‡m‡eB eª¨vwÛs Kwi Zvn‡j †`Lv hv‡”Q †h Avcbvi A‡bK¸‡jv Abyev` Kg©, A‡bK¸‡jv M‡elYv Kg©, WKzwdKkb †hgb Av‡av Ny‡g K¨v‡÷ªvi m‡½, G¸‡jv Avov‡j c‡o hvevi AvksKv Av‡Q e‡j Avcwb g‡b K‡ib wK bv? kvnv`y¾vgvb : Dcb¨vwm¨K †hgb GKUv wbw`©ó cwiP‡q wb‡R‡K Dc¯’vcb Ki‡Z Pvb e‡j wjL‡Qb| Avwg †mfv‡e KL‡bv fvwewb †h GKUv wbw`©ó K¨vU¨vMwi‡Z Avgvi KvR Ki‡Z n‡e| †hgb, Avgvi


µv‡Pi K‡b©‡ji wKQy cvVK Av‡Q hviv Avgvi Mí KLbI c‡o bv| Avevi Avgvi M‡íi cvVK Av‡Q hviv Avgvi µv‡Pi K‡b©j‡K †Kvb KvRB e‡j g‡b K‡i bv| Avwg Kjvg wjwL| Avgvi ïaygvÎ Kjv‡gi wKQy cvVK Av‡Q| †mB w`K †_‡K Avwg g‡b Kwi †h Avgvi hw` wewfbœ ai‡bi cvVK _v‡K Avgvi e¨vw³MZfv‡e †Kv‡bv Amyweav †bB| gvmD`yj nK : Avcwb weª‡U‡bi Møvm‡Mv wek¦we`¨vj‡q M‡elYv Ki‡Qb, Aa¨vcbv Ki‡Qb| G ai‡bi eo GKv‡WwgK `vwqZ¡ cvIqvi cvkvcvwk GZ iKig †jLv‡jwLI Ki‡Qb| GB fvimvg¨Uv iv‡Lb wK K‡i? kvnv`y¾vgvb : GwU wbtm‡›`‡n †ek KwVb| GK`g my‡Zvi Dc‡i nuvUvi g‡Zv| GKUv †ckvi †fZ‡i hLb AvwQ, ZLb Ab¨vb¨ wkí gva¨‡gi cÖwZ †h †jvf Zv Qvo‡Z PvB bv| GKUvB †Zv Rxeb| GKUv ch©v‡q Avgv‡K wm×všÍ wb‡Z n‡q‡Q| Avwg me‡P‡q Lywk nZvg Avwg hw` †jLv‡K †ckv wn‡m‡e wb‡Z cviZvg| Avwg m¤ú~Y© mgq Ges kÖg‡K hw` †jLvq w`‡Z cviZvg| wKš‘ Avwg Ggb GKUv mg‡qi †`‡ki evwm›`v Avgv‡K †jLv‡K †ckv wn‡m‡e †bqv KwVb| wKsev hw` †bB Z‡e Avgv‡K Ggb A‡bK †jLv wjL‡Z n‡e †hUv Avgvi cÖv‡Yi †jLv bv| †m Kvi‡Y Avwg `y‡Uv †ckv iÿv KiwQ| †`Lv hvq, Avgvi w`‡bi †ejvi †ckv n‡”Q Aa¨vcbv| Avgvi iv‡Zi PvKix n‡”Q †jLv‡jwL| Avwg iv‡Z wjwL| wKš‘, GUv‡K fvimvg¨ Ki‡Z nq| Avgv‡K †h Kvi‡Y A‡bK mvgvwRKZv‡K eR©b Ki‡Z nq| Ges GKUv wWwmwcø‡b Rxeb‡K PvwjZ Ki‡Z nq| wKš‘ GUv KwVb| mnR bv| gvmD`yj nK : G eQi evsjv GKv‡Wwg cyi®‹vi †c‡jb| Z‡e Avgiv hw` †Lqvj Kwi †h, 1996 mv‡j Avcwb gvIjv eªv`vm© ZiæY K_vmvwnwZ¨K cyi®‹vi †c‡qwQ‡jb| Ges 96 mvj †_‡K ïiæ K‡i 2016 mvj ch©šÍ GB mgqUv‡K hw` Avwg awi `xN© mgq wKš‘ †m A‡_© wKš‘ Avcbvi †Kvb cÖvwZôvwbK ¯^xK…wZ †bB Avcbvi †jLv‡jwLi| ZLb wK Avcwb KL‡bv Drmvn nvwi‡q †d‡jwQ‡jb? kvnv`y¾vgvb : Avgvi †jLvi Aby‡cÖiYv

kvixwiKfv‡e Avwg †Kv_vq Ae¯’vb KiwQ Zvi †P‡qI A‡bK eo e¨vcvi Avwg gvbwmKfv‡e †Kv_vq wb‡R‡K wejs Kwi| Avwg eû †Q‡j †c‡j‡K †`wL, eû gvbyl‡K †`wL Dwb evsjv‡`‡k _v‡Kb wKš‘ mg¯Í gv_v gb n‡”Q we‡`‡k| mvivÿY Dwb Nyi‡Qb GB ¯^cœ wb‡q †h †Kvbw`b Dwb BD‡iv‡ci gvwU‡Z cv ivL‡eb n‡”Q cÖkœ| wRÁvmv| Avwg wj‡L †MwQ| Avwg LyeB Avb‡›`i mv‡_ wj‡LwQ| GKUv KvR fv‡jv‡e‡m kÖg w`‡q Ki‡j ¯^xK…wZ †c‡j Aek¨B fv‡jv jv‡M| wKš‘ GwU Avgv‡K DrmvwnZ wKsev wbiærmvwnZ Kivi †ÿ‡Î †Kvb f‚wgKv iv‡Lwb| DrmvwnZ nq‡Zv K‡i, wKš‘ ¯^xK…wZ bv †c‡j wjL‡ev bv Zvn‡j †Zv eû Av‡MB †jLv †Q‡o w`Zvg| gvmD`yj nK : Avwki `k‡Ki ga¨fvM †_‡K wjL‡Qb| Ges AvR‡K 2017 mvj| †Zv, Avgiv ai‡Z cvwi †h kvnv`y¾vgvb wjL‡Qb cÖvq wÎk eQi a‡i| GB wÎk eQi †jLv‡jwLi RM‡Z †h e¨q Ki‡jb| GB mgqUv‡K Avcwb wKfv‡e g~j¨vqb K‡ib? kvnv`y¾vgvb : †jLvi †fZi w`‡q GKUv wØZxq Rxeb hvcb Kwi| Avwg GKRb PvKzixRxex wn‡m‡e, GKRb ¯^vgx wn‡m‡e, GKRb wcZv wn‡m‡e, mšÍvb

wn‡m‡e GKUv Rxeb Avwg hvcb Kwi| wKš‘ Gi evB‡i Avgvi AšÍ‡ii †h GKUv Rxeb Av‡Q, †m Rxeb hvcb Kivi GKUv Z…òv Avgvi memgq Av‡Q| Ges †mB Z…òvUv Avwg †gUvB Aÿi w`‡q GKUv wØZxq Rxeb ˆZwi Kivi gva¨‡g| GB †h GZ eQi a‡i Avwg K‡i †h‡Z †c‡iwQ, †mUv Avwg g‡b Kwi Avgvi GKUv mgvšÍivj Rxeb| Ges GB mgvšÍivj Rxeb †h Avwg hvcb K‡i †h‡Z cviwQ †mUv Avgvi Rb¨ fxlY Avb‡›`i Ges bvbv iKg cÖwZK~jZvi †fZ‡iI Avwg K‡i †MwQ| †mUv Avb‡›`i| Avcwb g~j¨vq‡bi K_v hw` e‡jb, GUv Avgv‡K †eu‡P _vKvi GKUv Aby‡cÖiYv †`q| gvmD`yj nK : fv‡eb wK †h, Rxe‡bi GKUv ch©v‡q Avcwb †ckvMZ Rxeb‡K ev` w`‡q ïayB †jLv‡jwL‡Z e¨¯Í n‡eb| Ggb †Kvb ¯^cœ Avcwb †`‡Lb wK bv? kvnv`y¾vgvb : †mB w`b hLb Avm‡e Avwg n‡ev me‡P‡q Avbw›`Z gvbyl| †mUv µgk fvewQ| fvewQ †h Av‡¯Í Av‡¯Í ¸wU‡q Avb‡ev| ¸wU‡q G‡b nq‡Zv Av‡iv †ewk mgq w`‡Z cvi‡ev †jLv‡jwL‡Z| gvmD`yj nK : †m B‡”QUv GLbI wb‡Ri †fZi Av‡Q? kvnv`y¾vgvb : nu¨v| †mUv Av‡Q| gvmD`yj nK : Avcwb w_Zz nevi †ÿ‡Î Bsj¨vÛ‡K †e‡Q †b‡eb bvwK evsjv‡`k‡K †e‡Q †b‡eb? GLb †Zv Avcwb A‡bKUv cÖevmx †jLK n‡q †M‡Qb| kvnv`y¾vgvb : cÖevmx †jLK wKsev ¯^‡`kx †jLK GB weZK© †Zv AvwgI Av‡MI Kijvg| †K cÖevmx †K ¯^‡`kx †jLK †mUv welq bq| gvmD`yj nK : Avwg Ae¯’vbMZ KviY ejwQ| †g›Uvj bq, wdwRK¨vj| kvnv`y¾vgvb : †mUv mgq ej‡e| Avwg bvbvwea ev¯ÍweK Kvi‡Y AvwQ| wKš‘ Avgvi gb †Zv GLv‡b Av‡QB kixiUvI P‡j Avm‡e e‡j Avwg g‡b Kwi| gvmD`yj nK : A‡bK K_v †Zv n‡jv, Gevi Avcbvi KvQ †_‡K GKwU Mvb ïb‡Z PvB‡ev| Mvb ïb‡Z ïb‡Z Avgiv we`vq †be| kvnv`y¾vgvb : kir evey, †Lvjv wPwV w`jvg †Zvgvi Kv‡Q... kÖæwZwjLb : iveŸx Avn‡g`

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m„Rb| Avlvp 1424| Ryb 2017| el© 1 msL¨v 2

Profile for Mehedi Hasan

Srijon  

2nd issue june 2017

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2nd issue june 2017

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