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BY CORALINE PETTINE Writing Managing Editor Drug use on college campuses has been on the rise. Monitoring the Future reported that marijuana is used at a higher rate on college campuses than at any time in the past 35 years.  The percentage of students who report having recently used marijuana has increased eight percent between 2006 and 2015 while use of other illicit drugs has since decreased. Peer pressure and a desire to fit in is often attributed as the main reason college students abuse drugs. College students begin using drugs as a method to cope with stress and relax. Additionally, drug use is frequently a result of not being well enough equipped to deal with their newfound freedom. Attending a college or university is the first time many students are away from home and without parental control. This gives new students an independence and autonomy to explore their individuality. While for some students, this freedom just means eating pizza for dinner every night and binge-watching Netflix until 3:00 a.m., for those who are ill-prepared to handle that independence and self-responsibility, this freedom commonly results in experimentation with illicit drugs. Underage drinking and illegal drug use is extremely common across college campuses in America. 5.4 million college students have admitted to drinking or using drugs at least once monthly. According to the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, nearly 80 percent of college students drink alcohol regularly. Half of college students who do drink usually consume alcohol through binging, or drinking more than five beverages consecutively. As for drug use,  Addiction Resource reported that 3.8 million, half of all full-time students, abuse drugs. Drug abuse among adolescents is more prevalent on college campuses. A combination of survey results showed that college students abuse drugs noticeably more than those in the same age range who are not attending college. Illicit drug use has gradually increased six percent since 2006. Of drugs, marijuana and variations of marijuana extract are the most commonly used by students attending universities. Daily marijuana use among college students reached an all-time high of 4.6 percent in 2015.


Due to the gradual– but nevertheless progressing– legalization process of marijuana, it has become the most popular drug of choice for university students. On Monday, September 28, two unidentified Cabrini sophomores were arrested for drug possession. Akira Massenburg, assistant director of Resident Life, and Deputy Police Superintendent Andrew Block of the Radnor Township Police Department both declined to comment on the situation while the investigation is still underway. Public safety did not respond to Loquitur’s request for a comment.

3.8 million college students abuse drugs. One student was charged with possession with intent to distribute as well as possession of drug paraphernalia while the other was charged with possessing a small amount of marijuana and also drug paraphernalia. The students were in possession of hashish oil. Hashish oil is a wax-like substance with concentrated tetrahydrocannabinol. THC and CBD are the primarily components of marijuana, made from cannabis. As pure hashish does not burn when rolled in a joint, hashish is typically consumed in a pipe, bong or vaporizer after being mixed with herbal cannabis. As of December of last year, the Drug Enforcement Agency has classified Marijuana extract as a Schedule I drug. Schedule I drugs are substances that either have a high potential for abuse, that have not currently been accepted for medical use in treatment in the United States or that have a lack of accepted safety for using the drug under medical supervision. The legal consequences of possession with intent to distribute hashish oil can range from a $250,000 fine with up to five years in prison to an up to $50 million fine with a sentence of 10 years to life, according to the Congressional Research Service.



The extent to which the students will be sentenced depends on how many grams the students possessed. Although the police have yet to release exactly how much hashish oil was in the students’ possession, it is known that the students had the largest amount of hash oil seized in Radnor township. Some of the hash oil was on wax paper labelled with various amounts. One sheet was marked up to 140 grams. Police are waiting for results from the labratory to officially determine the actual amount of drugs found on the scene. Based on Cabrini’s alcohol and drug policy, in addition to potential jail time, the students arrested for possession may potentially face a fine, forced participation in a drug education program, residence hall access restriction, housing suspension and class suspension from Cabrini. That is if they can and do return to campus. Not all student drug users will be subject to investigation and prosecution, but there are other consequences to drug use. Susan Fitzgerald, director of health services at Cabrini, said there are a variety of different health consequences depending on what drugs are used; however, marijuana and marijuana extract has not formally connected to any serious health risks. “They do a lot of studies,” Fitzgerald said. “And they haven’t been able to identify any specific health risks with short term use.” The academic consequences of drug use in students includes missing classes, falling behind on assignments, doing poorly on exams and receiving overall lower grades. Erin Gabriele, assistant director for employer relations in the Center for Career and Professional Development, said students need to understand that the consequences of drug use extend to more than their college careers. Many employers conduct drug tests and when students are caught on campus or somewhere else, those misdemeanors and felonies will come back to hurt them. “This isn’t just going to impact their college education,” Gabriele said. “It will impact their life beyond that.”







MISSION The Loquitur student newspaper and website are integral parts of the educational mission of the Cabrini communication department, namely, to educate students to take their places in the public media. Loquitur Media provides a forum of free expression. All members of the univeristy community may submit work to the editors for possible inclusion. Publication is based on the editorial decision of the student editors.

Coming together for Texas Seven billion people currently populate Earth, the planet that we walk on each and every day. Out of those seven billion, over 320 million populate the United States. That is millions of humans, in our home country, holding the power to help or hurt our environment right in the palms of their hands every single day. Holding the power to either encourage or attempt to prevent natural disasters. On August 25, 2017, thousands of people in Texas had to pay the price of those who harm our environment by experiencing Hurricane Harvey, one of the most major hurricanes to hit the United States in over a decade. Billions of dollars of property was damaged. Hundreds of thousands of people were left without electricity. Dozens were killed. While climate change is not entirely to blame for the devastation, direct correlations of rising sea surface temperatures show that it may have caused Harvey to form and intensify. That is rising sea surface temperatures, right in our home country, as an extended result of poor decisions made by millions of humans in today’s society. However, there are also humans out there that want to help. People with caring hearts, that want to spread awareness. Billions with the power to help the victims of Hurricane Harvey, right in the palms of their hands. This started with the Cabrini University community. Days after the tragedy occurred, President Donald Taylor took the time to reach out to the student body, faculty and staff. “The catastrophic loss of life, forced homelessness and property damage caused by Hurricane Harvey is staggering,” he said. “We have students and alumni who live in

The Loquitur accepts letters to the editors. They should be less than 500 words, usually in response to a current issue on Cabrini University’s campus or community area and are printed as space permits. Name, phone number and address should be included with submissions for verification purposes. All letters to the editors must be e-mailed to loquitur@

the Houston region. We need to continue praying for all those affected by this storm.” In addition to his kind words, he informed the community of how they can help. Virtually, students can give back through Red Cross at: or through the Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston at:


Students can also visit “impact.cabrini. edu” to give directly to the Cabrini Hurricane Harvey Relief Effort. By making an impact, one’s donation will go to Mother Cabrini High School’s Drive to Texas, Cabrini’s Center on Childhood Trauma and Domestic Violence Education and fund the Wolfington Center’s 2018 rebuilding trip. The Wolfington Center will take students and others to travel to the affected area to help in the long-term rebuild in 2018. They have also placed jars around campus for donations, in which every dollar, quarter and penny will go to Catholic Charities of Galveston-Houston.

Outside of Cabrini’s community, the Providence Animal Shelter, located in Media, PA, realized that people were not the only one’s in need of help. The shelter sent a crew of four courageous people down to Texas to rescue struggling animals. On Saturday, September 2, they returned with 25 cats and 12 dogs. “Our hearts are so full from the support we’ve received,” the shelter shared on their Facebook page. “This includes our lifesaving volunteers, who, without hesitation, met us at 3:00 a.m. to welcome these new family members.” The rescued animals include a young, terrier puppy, an eight month old Chihuahua and a pitbull-terrier blend that was trapped in floodwater for approximately three days. These furry friends, along with the other felines, are now available for adoption at the Providence Animal Shelter. Others that have loved ones in Texas but are currently located elsewhere are also highly concerned about spreading awareness of ways to help Harvey victims. This includes Joy Kim, a junior psychology major at Pennsylvania State University. Kim travels away from her parents, oldest sister and extended family in Houston for school, but worries about them during times like this. “I can’t even imagine what families are going through right now in my home state of Texas, and I wish I could do more hands on work to give back” Kim said. Out of the goodness of her heart, Kim promoted ways to give back to Texas on social media. This included links to donation sites, and a photo of her in a Texas shirt that she purchased to benefit to a Houston fund. “The least myself, and others, can do from all the way up here in Pennsylvania, is donate and bring awareness to the situation.”

Reporter called out by Hurricane Harvey interviewee BY CARMEN FRIAS Staff Writer



On Thursday, August 24, Tropical Storm Harvey grew into a hurricane as it traveled from the Gulf of Mexico towards the coast of Texas. Only a couple of hours later, on Friday, Hurricane Harvey sped up from winds of 60 m.p.h to almost 100 mph. The hurricane was expected to hit the coast of Texas that Friday night or Saturday morning. During catastrophic events such as Hurricane Harvey, reporters continue to report news to others around the world on the reality of said events. Reporters cover everything and anything from the wild winds of a Hurricane to the vulnerability of the victims. CNN correspondent Rosa Flores stood in a Houston shelter ready to quickly interview a mother, currently only identified as Danielle, who just walked into the shelter with her two children. Flores began the interview by asking Danielle to explain to the viewers how she was rescued. As Danielle proceeded to tell her story her eyes began to water and her voice began to crack. Flores then asks Danielle to explain how she tried to protect her children from the rushing waters. Danielle was emotionally moved by the question because her attitude and reaction towards the interview rapidly shifts. Danielle finished off the interview by pointing out the fact that reporters stick microphones in the faces of people who are going through traumatic moments. “But y’all sitting here, ya’ll trying to interview people during their worst time like

that’s not the smartest thing to do.” Danielle said after explaining that she had to walk through four feet of rainfall to get food on the first day. As Flores apologized, Danielle, in frustration, said, “And you really trying to understand with the microphone still in my face, with me shivering cold, with my kids wet and you still have the microphone in my face,” before storming off. This is real life news. Rosa Flores experienced a situation that no reporter plans ahead for. Reporters want to give viewers the realest news coverage they can get which means interviewing those who have experienced the events first hand. But is it appropriate for reporters to interview vulnerable victims of catastrophic events as the events are still occurring? “This is a sensitive topic,” Angelie Travis Traverzo, junior education major, said. “Interviewing victims so close to the event occurring may cause them to be very emotional during their interview.” Reporters must comprehend that delivering raw content does not specifically mean interviewing those who have recently stepped out of the horrid events that are being reported on. Content is still raw and applicable when the victims are mentally, physically and emotionally more composed. Then who should reporters focus on interviewing? “The appropriate victims for a reporter to interview are individuals who are looking for a family member or members, and people who are not at their most vulnerable moment. It is also appropriate to interview

people who are helping other victims,” said Bhiannirssa in an interview with Sherry Ricchiardi on specialized reporting. “She urges journalists to ‘make every effort’ to give control to interviewees by making it clear that they don’t have to answer questions and can end the interview at any time.” This is a more appropriate way to go about interviewing in a crisis. Viewers can be provided with raw content through photographs and live footage that is often put online and even the news. Therefore, interviews should prioritize being beneficial to those in need instead of prioritizing viewers. Reporters should use the platform of being seen worldwide to help victims in search of family members. Those who work in shelters, police officers, firefighters and even everyday people who have been risking their lives to save others could be better equipped to be interviewed. These heroes can provide direct information on the events and on the mental, physical and emotional challenges that they have witnessed and experienced. “As a reporter, you should be empathetic towards the victim. They should feel that they are safe, especially if the situation is raw” said Danielle Jackson, junior information and science technology major. CONTINUE READING ONLINE





Straws: Sucking the life out of Earth BY EMMA RODNER-TIMS News Editor Each year the world, as a whole, throws away 2.12 billion tons of waste. Of that 2.12 billion tons, hardly any of it makes it to a recycling center. A large contributor to those 2.12 billion tons of waste are straws. In the United States alone, 500 million plastic straws are used and thrown away every single day. Those 500 million straws could wrap around the Earth two and a half times. Plastic, non-reusable straws are made out of polypropylene– a petroleum-based plastic. Its production calls for fossil fuel extraction, which then affects climate change, subsequently negatively affecting the Earth.


Even though it has been reported that polypropylene is BPA free, that is actually not the case. It has been proven to release synthetic estrogens, a BPA. This release hurts Earth’s environment and the wildlife that inhabits it. And with the exponential amount of straws being put in landfills every day, in the United States alone, it is time to think about the carbon footprint individuals are stomping into the Earth. This plastic straw “epidemic” is not one answered so simply by the mantra: “Reduce, reuse, recycle.” Rachel O’Brien is a junior at Temple University majoring in environmental studies. O’Brien pointed out that addressing the plastic straw epidemic is not going to be a quick fix because the suggested alternatives are not necessarily better for the environment. “Straws, specifically plastic straws, are only recyclable based on what type of recycling is accepted in your area; however, most straws are just thrown in the trash anyway. In both cases, it is more likely to end up in a landfill where it will never biodegrade,” O’Brien said. “Even more ‘environmentally conscious’ straw options, such as paper straws, are often lined with a wax coating and will not biodegrade in a landfill. Landfills are so compacted these days that even things that are technically biodegradable don’t get enough oxygen to break down*, so if you see a straw option advertised as ‘biodegradable’ or ‘eco-friendly,’ you are being deceived.” No matter where straws end up, they are hurting our planet, and there are people who see the need for change.

This past summer, Charleston, South Carolina took the straw epidemic into their own hands by starting a campaign called “Strapless Summer Challenge.” This movement started after the Folly Beach Sweep in May 2017, where over 300 straws were found littering the beaches. In Charleston County, straws cannot be recycled. That means plastic straws are then dumped into landfills, the ocean and other places. Although small, those plastic straws cause great damage to the environment and harm to marine life. This movement brought over 70 restaurants and bars in the Charleston area to stop using plastic straws. Leaving straws from the table setting is not something new in the world of protecting the environment. Chantal Plamondon has dedicated her life and career to removing not only straws but all plastics from people’s lives. It will ultimately help the lives of human beings and the Earth. When it comes to plastic straws, Plamondon said, “[They] are particularly destructive single use plastic pollution problem all over the world. They are routinely and unthinkingly automatically given out in restaurants– and often not even used at all. That piece of petroleum-derived plastic goes straight into a landfill; most plastics are not recycled. This is on top of the problem of putting plastic directly in your mouth, in contact with your acidic saliva, which will increase any leaching of chemicals that is already occurring from the plastic.” Plamondon co-founded  Life Without Plastic, a company that provides “safe, high-quality, ethically-sourced, Earth-friendly alternative to plastic products.” “If you are a straw user, it just makes common sense to invest in a glass or stainless steel straw and carry it around with you, Plamondon said. “And we can all encourage restaurants to switch to reusable straws, or at least to not give out plastic ones unless the customer asks for one.” Plamondon and the rest of the company are making it their goal to rid the Earth of fossil-fueled plastic and protect the Earth and its wildlife. Her plastic-free journey began in 2003, after the birth of son. Life Without Plastic offers three different types of sustainable and reusable straws– glass, stainless steel and bamboo. People are joining the fight left and right, near and far.

Wyebrook Farm, a local farm to table restaurant in Honey Brook, PA, also made the switch from plastic straws to a more environmentally friendly option. “We made the switch last year after being educated about the over abundance and issue of non-biodegradable straws. I came across a statistic that the current usage of straws in the US could fill 127 school buses each day, or more than 46,400 school buses  every year,” General Manager Lauren Heald said. “Being a business that focuses on sustainability and preservation of the planet and it’s resources, we couldn’t continue using plastic straws.” If more places adobted a no-straw policy, the planet would would benefit immensely. But, the journey can begin in the average household as well. O’Brien shared the steps she’s taken and continues to take every day so that our Earth can stay as healthy as possible. “Trading in your 24 pack of Poland Spring water bottles for one trendy, reusable water bottle. It could mean thinking ahead and bringing a reusable coffee cup with you in the morning so you don’t have to get a plastic or wax-lined cup– neither of which will biodegrade. You’d be surprised at how many places will gladly fill up a 12 oz or 16 oz coffee cup for you,” O’Brien said. “You also need to educate yourself. Take the time to do you’re own research about the environment and issues such as waste, ocean pollution, fast fashion, diet based issues, etc. I found a handful of documentaries that helped me to learn about these topics, such as ‘The True Cost,’ ‘Before the Flood,’ ‘Conspiracy,’ ‘A Plastic Ocean’ and many more. I also learned through bloggers like Lauren Singer and Ella Grace Denton who discuss their own methods for living more sustainably.” When it comes to bettering the environment and doing your part, it does not need to be overwhelming. “I think it’s important to get past the ‘I’m only one person’ mentality,” O’Brien said. “Each person has the ability to reduce their own impact and educate/influence others in the process. It’s so important to consider your individual decisions and find ways to make your everyday routine more eco-friendly.” ERODNERTIMS77@GMAIL.COM


Marketing and Special Events Manager Description: Upper Merion township is looking for an intern willing to learn, create and observe marketing strategies for a local municipalit, in an effort to gain experience working on marketing and special events projects. They are looking for a candidate with strong skills in graphic design, marketing, social media, surey creation, powerpoint, dropbox, HTML and layout and print design. Location: King of Prussia, Pennsylvania Desired Majors: Marketing, advertising, Graphic Design Tax Associate Intern Description: Campaign for Working Families (CWF) is looking for a highly motived and mature individual with above-average PC and software skills to fill the Tax Associate intern positions. The applicant should possess strong quantitative skills and accounting or tax preparation eperience. Interns will be engaged in tax preparation (including virtual), and operations/ administrative support. Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Desired Majors: Business Department Majors Franklin Institute Intern Description: The Franklin Institute Internship Program are looking for college students to work alongside the staff and complete independent projects. Interns will have the opporunity to work in almost area of the institute. Interns will received college credit and experience in their field of study Positions for specific departments of the institue can be foound through the Volunteer Department at the Ben Franklin Institute at 215-448-1163 Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Desired Majors: BusiIf you are interested in any of these positions, please visit the Career Center or contact career@





The Netflix original series “BoJack Horseman” heavily focuses on the impact of clinical depression and the effect it can have on others as well as yourself.

BoJack Horseman: An interesting look at mental illness BY ERIC STONE Lifestyles Editor

More Than Meets the Eye “BoJack Horseman” has been labeled as one of the funniest, as well as most heartbreaking, shows in recent history. Considering the show is about an animated talking horse, I was a bit skeptical at first. Upon first glance, I was not really liking what I was seeing. Not to say it was horrible but it seemed to be a carbon-copy of animated sitcoms like “Family Guy” and relied a bit too heavily on shock humor. I was somewhat ready to turn it off but I decided to continuing watching and see if the quality improved. What I got was far beyond anything I could have expected. “BoJack Horseman” is a show about an anthropomorphic horse that starred on a sitcom in the ’90s called “Horsin’ Around.” Since then, BoJack is considered a “has been” and has taken alternative methods to coping with the loss of his fame, including alcohol and substance abuse as well as toxic, sexual relationships. His inability to connect with other people, as well as his self-destructive behavior, drives him to continuously make bad decisions and push others away. Joining him are supporting characters such as his deadbeat roommate Todd, his workaholic agent Princess Carolyn, his sitcom rival Mr. Peanutbutter and his ghostwriter and closest friend Diane. I did not even mention that half the characters are animals, while the other half are human. While a nonsensical idea, it is all the more effective when recognizing that these are some of the most human characters and situations in all of television. What really strengthens “BoJack Horseman” and makes it rise above other television shows I have seen is that it is one of the most accurate depictions of depression in popular culture. BoJack consistently wants to get better and believe that he is truly a good person deep down inside, but continuously sabotages himself and struggles to improve on his life. No matter how hard he tries, he always ends up repeatedly making bad decisions and losing close companions for good along the way. As someone who has previously suffered from clinical depression, I can safely say that this is the most accurate and

uncomfortable depiction of the mental illness that I have ever seen on television. Wanting to get better but not knowing how to or what is causing your unhappiness is a deeply relatable situation. I would constantly question myself if I was truly a good person and the more I thought about, the more I would get stuck in loops and turn to self-loathing, self-destructive attitudes and the belief that all hope is lost. These harsh perspectives at reality are so effective because of how realistically they are displayed, as well as the fact that anyone can go through the hardships, depressive states, losses and mundane aspects that life has to offer. While it is one of the saddest shows on television, it also manages to be one of the funniest simultaneously. All of the main characters are funny, witty and charming, which is the reason we care so deeply about them when the meaning of their existence is in question.

BoJack’s Impact The consulting producer of “BoJack Horseman,” Peter Knight, shed some light on why he thought the show is such a success with audiences. Knight explained that there was not a conscious focus on humor or drama with any given episode and that the two genres would often go hand-inhand. “I think the comedy and the drama are inseparable because even when we’re at a funeral, you have something to laugh at, often some animal behavior riff or pun,” Knight said in an email conversation. “Pathos and humor are as close together in ‘BoJack’ as a tree is to its bark, a unique feature of BoJack is that the comedy rarely just undercuts the drama or alleviates tension. It plays right next to the drama, working on two levels.” Knight took note of how the success of “BoJack Horseman” comes from a handful of people who are drawn to suffering and the search for happiness. As fans spoke out, it seemed that was partially correct. Derek Jelsma, a fan of the series who claims that he has developed a bit of an obsession with the show, is currently rewatching the show for the eighth time. “The show definitely clicks with me a lot, especially as someone who suffers from depression,” Jelsma said. “I definitely love that every character suffers in their own unique way, it’s so diverse and, above all, painfully accurate in its portrayal of depression.”

The central character, BoJack Horseman himself, is one that Jelsma finds himself relating to the most. “I’ve never been a partier or anything, always been ‘straight edge,’ but I definitely struggle to relate to people often, and I absolutely want everyone to like me,” Jelsma said. Jelsma also relates the connection between him and his ex-wife to the connection between Horseman and his agent, Princess Carolyn. BoJack constantly uses Princess Carolyn for his own sexual desires, yet tries to have a professional relationship with her as an agent and takes her caring for granted, which typically ends in disaster. “I just got divorced, and although it was mostly friendly, I definitely had to learn to become independent and I realized just how much I had let my ex-wife mother me over the years,” Jelsma said. “She took care of my bills, helped me clean and cook, always found us new apartments when we needed to move and just generally took care of things like that. I’m doing much better now, but still, I definitely took advantage of her and I feel awful for it.” Louise Mosqueda, a SEO Content Specialist, also relates her connection to the titular character to a similar break-up she experienced. “I was going through a pretty bad breakup when I first started watching the show and I was feeling a lot like BoJack,” Mosqueda said. Mosqueda pinpoints that her favorite part of “BoJack” would simply be how it reflects adult life in general, including the fears and struggles of everyday life. “It shows how everyone is handling these struggles, suggesting ways on how to improve yourself but also showing how it could fail and how it isn’t all that easy,” Mosqueda said. “That there’s a struggle greater than that and there always will be.” Some people find themselves connecting with different characters from the series. Sarah Lynn, one of the tertiary characters from “BoJack,” was a child actress who starred on “Horsin’ Around” in the 90’s and grew up to be a drug-addicted pop star. Sarah Lynn’s destructive life stems from the fact that she was never able to have a normal childhood. Those with addictions have found themselves able to relate to her behavior as well, especially Emma Lloyd, another fan of the show who spoke of her own past demons.

“My childhood was full of traumas and those traumas have influenced my relationships with other people,” Lloyd said. “I identify with Sarah Lynn, not because I was famous or anything, but because of her addiction problems and how they stemmed from childhood.” The show has not only connected with adult audiences, however. Bethany Conner, a freshman in high school, finds herself relating mostly to the character of Mr. Peanutbutter. Mr. Peanutbutter is the least outward with his emotions throughout the series and consistently hides his issues through his exaggerated happiness and wacky projects. Conner can sympathize with this, as her own struggles with mental illness have led her to make similar life choices. “I am awful at expressing my true emotions and I try to just be a ‘good boy/girl’ and be happy,” Conner said. “I resonate with Mr. Peanutbutter’s rejection of emotions, problems in relationships and his attempt to always be happy and spread happiness.”

BoJack’s Future The season three finale left off with BoJack at his lowest point and all of the relationships he has built over the years are falling apart. Several of these fans are looking forward to what “BoJack Horseman” has in store for its upcoming fourth season. “I want to be surprised,” Mosqueda said. “However, I am hoping for BoJack to find something to live for.” Jelsma also hopes for optimism in BoJack’s future and would be disappointed if the show took BoJack’s deterioration of life any further. “BoJack definitely has a want to get better, he just doesn’t know how without assistance,” Jelsma said. “I hope he finds something to help him better himself, because he did have a rough time growing up how he did and he does deserve a second chance, no matter how awful he was in the past.” Knight spoke very vaguely about the upcoming season and tried to spoil as little as possible. “Expect more of what makes it interesting and provocative,” Knight said. The fourth season of BoJack Horseman will be released Friday, September 8 on Netflix. ECSTONE31@GMAIL.COM




The pros and ‘cons’ of cosplay and connecting with other characters and fans, especially after all the time and effort he puts into his outfits. “I love ‘being the character,’” Mamas said. “And I enjoy interacting with the people and fans of the genre. I think the best part is seeing kids reactions. Not just my kids, but total strangers.” Leslie Hoffman, Mamas’ fiancee, attended the convention with him and his two children.

in cosplay. She also enjoys meeting celebrities and collecting autographs, but recognizes cosplay as a draw to conventions. Hoffman said, “I enjoy embodying characters that I respect or admire. It’s a bit of escapism being able to be someone else— a hero or heroine— in a convention hall full of other beloved characters.” One study found that the most popular reason people cite for cosplaying is because it is fun; however, people also cosplay because they admire the characters, they identify with the characters, they want to display something they have created and because they want to utilize cosplay as a vehicle for creativity and artistic expression. Savan and MJ Becker have been attending conventions together since they first met in 2010. Though they are regular

Though Hoffman’s first convention was more than 20 years ago, when she met James Doohan at the 1993 Ascension Con II, she did not consider herself a true conventioneer until dressing up as “Doctor Who“’s Rose Tyler at the 2013 Philadelphia Wizard World. Since then, Hoffman has had an interest

conventioneers, this was their first time at Wizard World. Savan Becker said he and MJ Becker enjoy conventions because they provide the couple with an opportunity to bond over the shows, books, television series and comics they both adore. Conventions are kind of a cultural nexus



Self-identified nerds, geeks and overall pop culture enthusiasts gathered at the Pennsylvania Convention Center to attend the Wizard World Comic Convention. The event ran from June 1 through 4 and featured a variety of celebrity appearances, informational panels and unique vendors. Although the convention sponsors a variety of events throughout the course of the weekend, many attendees consider the other guests, fanboys, fangirls and cosplayers to be the best part. Expressions of Fandom: Findings from a Psychological Survey of Cosplay and Costume Wear defines cosplay, or costume-play, as “wearing costumes, props and accessories to represent a character. Typically, cosplay is the extension of a person’s fandom for the character or genre, such as science fiction and fantasy, anime and manga, comic books, and other creative media.” George Mamas has been cosplaying and attending conventions for more than seven years. Although he attends cons regularly, particularly in the Pennsylvania area, he never tires of going because there are always different people making his experience remarkable. Mamas’ favorite part of conventions is not only cosplaying and getting to embrace characters he admires, but also socializing

for all the things we love,” Becker said. “We are total, complete, unabashed geeks. We have both been sci fi fans from, like, birth. So cons have a little bit of everything for us.” The two find fun in modifying costumes they buy or even building ones from scratch, but they also enjoy cosplaying because they can personify characters they identify with. The Beckers have been pop culture enthusiasts for as long as they can remember, but only just became cosplayers when they got together. Though both are a bit introverted, the costumes and their support for each other allowed them to embrace conventions and cosplay. An Overview of Cosplay: Exploring the Subculture explains that among cosplayers, there is an immensely strong sense of community and an abundance of support among members of that collective. Becker recommends that people give cosplay a try, even if they are intimidated by making the costume or playing the role. Becker says that cosplay is ultimately not about perfectly encapsulating a character, but simply another opportunity to bond with others while being someone else for a day. “It’s just about loving a character,” Becker said. “And either paying tribute to that character, taking a chance to step into that role, or playing an adult version of dress up. And it’s a chance to find other people who love that character or that show, series or world as much as you do. You might be surprised how many people your one act of cosplay draws out.” COREYPETTINE@GMAIL.COM

“Far Cry 5” themes reflect modern issues BY JUSTIN BARNES Staff Writer

Ever since its announcement on May 26, 2017, the fifth entry in the Far Cry video game series has received much controversy regarding the game’s villains. The villains are specifically considered controversial because they reflect issues occurring in today’s society. The newest edition to the first-person shooter action/ adventure series takes place in the fictional Hope County, Montana. The county is ruled by a militaristic doomsday cult called The Project at Eden’s Gate, which is led by religious zealot Joseph Seed and his three siblings, The Heralds. Seed believes that he has to protect the people of Hope County from an inevitable collapse and save as many souls as he can from the end of days. In reality, he and his followers are terrorizing the locals, forcing them to convert and preventing them from reaching out to higher authorities through violence and intimidation. Those who resist are slaughtered in cold blood.


The use of white, non-military Americans as villains, especially first-person shooter games, is rare. Enemies in those games typically include non-human entities, such as zombies, robots and aliens. When the villains are human, they are often portrayed as terrorists, Nazis or other oppositional military personnel. In the previous Far Cry games, the player had been

pitted against primate mutations, mercenaries and drug lords, psychotic pirates and barbarians. Ubisoft, the developer of the game, and its decision to make the fifth game’s lead villain a non-military, caucasian male has stirred up controversy in the gaming community. Adam Mahlin, longtime gamer, fan of the Far Cry series and member of Far Cry Universe Facebook group, applauds the game developers for choosing a nontraditional villain and thinks the decision will make the game that much better. “I think the scariest things in life are things that happen in your own backyard,” Mahlin said. “Whether they sneak up on you and you didn’t know they were there or you’ve turned a blind eye and it comes back to proverbially or physically bite you. I’m stoked for this game and support it.” “Far Cry 5” is going to touch on a lot of issues that are extremely sensitive in today’s world, especially in the United States, such as religious fanaticism and alt-right politics. Due to the issues brought up in the game, certain members of the gaming community think the game should be cancelled. Following the announcement of the new game, Gamers United created a petition to get Ubisoft to either shut down the game or change the villains to Muslims. This petition spread quickly and while many people who saw it thought it was a huge joke. Mahlin understands why some gamers are upset by the game’s central villain but thinks they are getting too worried when it is only a game. Mahlin said, “People are probably up in arms because it has religious themes— mostly of the anti-religious nature of showing the negative side— but really, it’s a game. It’s just a game, not a national crime.” Sahil Arora of the Official Game Informer Fanclub Facebook group, commends the creators of “Far Cry 5”

for taking a stance on the issue of religious fanaticism at a time when he feels it has gotten out of hand. “I personally think it’s a problem that does need to be spoken up about,” Arora said. “This doesn’t apply to all, but there are some organizations doing a lot of damage in the name of being religious or peaceful.” Since it usually takes about four years to make a game the size as “Far Cry 5,” it is unclear whether Ubisoft was intending to make a statement or if the relevance of the game to current social issues is just a coincidence. While some gamers have found issue with the main antagonist of this game being a caucasian, non-military male cultist, it is recognized that Ubisoft has released a series of one-off Far Cry games for more than a decade and now the game has simply changed to the point that this one iteration happens to be about a character whose actions reflect modern issues. “Far Cry 5” is scheduled to release on Playstation 4, Xbox One and PC on February 27, 2018 with the clear intention of being a thought-provoking and risk-taking edition to the Far Cry franchise.


Promotional Artwork for “far Cry 5.” JUSTIN.WANNABARNES@GMAIL.COM




The distance of friendship BY AARIANA YAMASAKI Staff Writer

Last year, I graduated high school and was on my way to college. When we graduate, we usually separate from our high school friends. My best friend and I have been friends since we were two years old and have been together ever since. We even went to the same college together. There is literally nothing we have not done with each other. In the first semester here, my best friend applied to the Disney program and got accepted. That meant she was going to be in Florida while I stayed in Pennsylvania. We were over one thousand miles apart which is the farthest we had never been away from one another. Even our houses are a five-minute walk away. This was an immense change for us. We had never been more than a car ride away from each other.

Before she left, I returned home from school to go to her going away party, but before we said our “see you later,” she drove me back to Cabrini one last time.


Aariana Yamasaki and Daniele Basile have been close friends since they were young.

It finally hit us that we were not going to be able to see each other day in and day out. When she left, we kept in touch every day. We had a snapchat streak, so we had to keep that going. After a month or so, it gets harder having my best friend a thousand miles away from me. It was hard not having her there on the bad days to cheer me up, but we got through it. Even though we were so far apart, our connection grew closer, because we talked every day. The distance apart did not stop our friendship from prospering. As she returned from Disney World, our bond picked up right from where it left off. She came back after being gone for so many months and it was like nothing had changed. As we spent more time together as she returned, we realized how lucky we were to have each other. Not many people can say they have known their best friend their entire life, but luckily, I can.


Yamasaki and Basile reuninted in 2017 at the Alpha Lambda Delta induction. ARIANAYAMASAKI@GMAIL.COM

Glow for less dough BY EMILY MILLER Staff Writer


Decoding words taught in a program called Wilson helps people with dyslexia.

You have d ys l e x a Hard work does pay off when you have dyslexia. At the age of 12 in middle school, I was tested and diagnosed with dyslexia. Dyslexia by the books is known as a language based learning disability. According to the Learning Disabilities Association of America, dyslexia can affect reading fluency, decoding, reading comprehension, recall, writing, spelling and sometimes speech. It can also exist along with other related disorders. Learning the alphabet started my struggle. Reading fun stories in school independently became a huge obstacle.  College was never an option in my mind if I could not read “The Magic School Bus” series. My family became my only cheerleaders, having other classmates and sometimes teachers making fun of me in public school. I did not know why I was so far behind in my reading and writing. After being tested over a long period of time, I was diagnosed with dyslexia. After tons of research, my family found a school specialized in teaching children diagnosed with dyslexia, dysgraphia, dyscalculia, ADD, ADHD and other learning disabilities. Delaware Valley Friends School became my second home.   Teachers that were dedicated and spent hours on end helping children understand content was just what I needed. These teachers became my mentors and close friends. I will never be able to thank the school that turned the dream of college into a reality.



Dyslexia has often been defined wrong when talking to others but I am always interested in learning about myself and my learning. By obtaining certain skills and techniques at DVFS, I became a strong advocate for children scared of their learning disability. I was once nervous to speak in front of crowds but I left DVFS as a hostess during open houses, director of activities my senior year of 2016 and more. Reading at a fourth grade level in seventh grade gave me no hope for the future. DVFS was the first place where I felt welcomed and accepted for my learning disability. Advocating for yourself is a step that many fail to do. Most people are not educated on what dyslexia is and how to help someone with the learning disability, so knowing what you need to help you succeed shows determination. Starting Cabrini University, I was filled with emotions, including nervousness. I was afraid of a new environment. Dyslexia has never interrupted my social life but during school, the disability can be noticeable. The friends made through my dyslexia have become my greatest supporters. Coming to a new school, I am proud to say I have dyslexia to my professors and friends and it is nothing to be ashamed of. I believe that the more I expose the hidden learning disability with my friends and colleagues, the less it is hard for children that were in my position at a school with people that did not understand them. The more someone understands about you, the more one can feel accepted. MICHELLECG122@GMAIL.COM

Makeup has gone from being a heightening tool for boosts of confidence to being a true art form in our society. Millions of makeup artists have made names for themselves on platforms such as Instagram, Facebook and Tumblr, showing off their skills to the many girls and boys alike who aspire after their gifted hands. While watching them transform their faces may be amazing and inspiring, being able to afford the products these artists use to transform may not be as inspiring, especially for a college student; however, there is no need to stress! There are plenty of beauty products out there that can give you the flawless look you desire without forcing yourself to eat nothing but ramen until your next paycheck. Here are a few essentials that are a must for a student on a budget. NYX Beauty Balm (BB Cream): $12.99 NYX offers its BB Cream in three shades: golden, natural and nude. A great foundation or base is the root of a flawless makeup look and undoubtedly, one of the most important steps of the process. Unfortunately, buying a decent quality foundation can mean putting out anywhere from $40 to $60. However, BB cream is a product that is widely overlooked as an alternative to foundation and a product that can be lighter and healthier for your skin. The Beauty Balm BB Cream from NYX is by far the best product for your money as it provides medium-to-full coverage, comes in three blendable and flexible tones and can be applied to all skin types.

The best part is that this product is available for $12.99 at any Ulta or the official Ulta website. E.l.f. Highlighting Set: $10 The perfect glow is essential for the perfect look but pricier than most makeup essentials. As a solution, e.l.f. has provided and entire spoton highlighting set that comes with both powder and liquid highlight as well as applicators. These highlighting products are perfectly pigmented and easily applied, as well as super affordable! These are available at most drugstores or online.

Sephora Color Lip Last Lipstick collection: $14 Not only does Sephora provide us with tons of brands of makeup, but they also produce some killer makeup of their own! Their Color Lip Last Lipstick collection is one of my personal favorites because of its long lasting abilities and the vibrant and beautiful colors. This lipstick gives you an amazing, stylish look while sticking by you through the day and not breaking the bank in the process. This collection is available at any Sephora or online. Sephora’s Color Lip Last Lipstick is available in more than thirty colors, ranging from $5 to $14. These are not all of the great deals out there, but they are definitely amazing products that can give you the look you are after while not stealing all of your funds. Best of all, they are available in places that you probably already shop if you’re a makeup connoisseur! Whether experienced or not, these products and other hidden gems can make your life a lot easier and a lot cheaper, and that’s what the college experience is all about. LAMUSIC296@GMAIL.COM



Sports Source Editorial Column BY RYAN BRONG Sports Editor

College football has returned! (Break for applause). The dull Saturdays of the past eight months no longer exist. And college football wasted no time to bringing the excitement it always does. The most exciting takeaway was the fourth quarter comeback pulled off by the UCLA Bruins. UCLA trailed 44-17 at the start of the fourth quarter. Led by Heismanhopeful and a top draft prospect in quarterback Josh Rosen, the Bruins rattled off 35 unanswered points to overcome the defecit. The run was capped off with Rosen’s best Dan Marino impression, as a fake spike lead to a touchdown pass in the back of the endzone to Jordan Lasley. UCLA hasn’t been able to crack the top-25 ranking with the victory, but Rosen has secured himself in the conversation as one of the country’s best. Another early Heisman-hopeful tore up the field in State College, PA. Penn State Running back Saquon Barkley had himself a day. Barkley lit up Akron’s defense for 226 total yards and two rushing touchdowns. The Nitanny Lion offense looked like a well oiled machine on their way to a 52-0 rout of Akron. Led by offensive weapons, Quarterback Trace McSorley, Tight End Mike Gesicki and Barkley, Penn State jumped from the number six to number four ranking the Associated Press top-25 poll. Also making a jump into the top25 to number 24, the Fighting Irish of Notre Dame looked sharp on offense in a big win against the Temple Owls. Behind a experienced offensive line, Notre Dame’s two-headed ground attack of Josh Adams and Dexter Williams both rushed for over 120 yards each and three combined touchdowns. Georgia University, who play Notre Dame in week two, defeated Appalachian State rather handly. But Starting Quarterback Jacob Eason suffered an injury in the game and a timetable for his return has not been released. Without their starting quarterback, the Bulldogs could be at a disadvantage when they take on Notre Dame. Another team who suffered a big loss a quarterback, the Florida State Seminoles, suffered a loss at the hands of the number one team in the country, Alabama The early favorite as the number one overall did not necessarily live up to his high expectations as he was unable to throw for a touchdown and threw for two interceptions against Western Michigan. In a game that should have been a walk in the park, the Trojans struggled and as a result moved back two spots in the top-25 rankings from number six to number four. Darnold is still in the Heisman conversation but in a conference with fellow gunslinger, Washington’s Jake Browning and UCLA’s Jake Rosen, Darnold can’t afford multiple performances like this.



Should aspiring sports journalists be worried about the industry’s future? BY JOHN WILLIAMS Sports Editor

The glory days of the sports media industry may be over. Over the last few months, the two biggest names in the sports media market, ESPN and Fox, have made substantial cuts to their networks in an effort to cost-effectively reshape their network’s structure. Way back in April, ESPN cut 100 on air personalities and writers. With the amount of money the network has spent on broadcasting rights to major sports leagues like the NBA, NFL and MLB over the past few years– for reference, ESPN and Turner Sports are paying a combined $2.6 billion a season to broadcast NBA games for the next nine years, roughly $1.3 billion more than over their last contract– the network felt the need to cut costs in other areas. The network also wants to add an influx of video to their arsenal. Fox Sports has taken that last part to an extreme. According to a report by Bloomberg, the network eliminated their entire writing staff in late June to “invest in more-lucrative video production.” “We will be shifting our resources and business model away from written content and instead focus on our fans’ growing appetite for premium video across all platforms,” Jamie Horowitz, who at the time, the President of Fox Sports National Network, said in a statement. The company has been shifting their M.O. over the past few months to be all about the almighty dollar. They cut their highlight show “Fox Sports Live” back in February and have since added opinion based shows such as “Undisputed with Skip and Shannon,” “The Herd” and “Speak for Yourself,” which they hope will draw more viewership.

And as for their writers, Horowitz “enlisting veteran reporters to ghost-write or compose “as told to” content during Super Bowl week for talking heads like Colin Cowherd and Skip Bayless,” according to Awful Announcing. Their new strategy for the website is to increase promotion of those shows by posting clips of them on their site, as well as various social media platforms in hopes that one may go viral. Even with the mega salaries sports talk stars like Skip Bayless and Colin Cowherd are making, these shows based on opinion much cheaper than a show like ESPN’s Sportscenter, where they have reporters from around the country on location. All of this is very dangerous. Obviously, the technological landscape is completely different than it was 15, 10 and even 5 years ago. Even still, these major networks with deep pockets cutting actual reporters and writers just to keep a couple dudes yelling into a microphone about how they are always right is just a bad look for the industry. On the other side of the coin, it’s extremely disheartening as a college student going to school for journalism to see writers just being disposed of. Take Ken Rosenthal, for instance. Rosenthal still does some spots for but his writing career on that site was cut short in June with his peers. Rosenthal for years has been respected as one of, if not the best baseball writer and reporter in the business. Rosenthal, 54, was writing and posting articles on his Facebook until he was just recentely hired by The Athletic, which is a new subscription based headquarters of sports journalism for die hard fans. But the point remains; how is a student fresh out of college supposed to compete with legendary like Rosenthal?


Oddly enough, a lot of people within the industry are optimistic about new opportunities for the next wave of sports journalists. They just need to be well versed. CONTINUE READING ONLINE JAWILLIAMS1224@GMAIL.COM

Sports fans are always passionate in Philadelphia BY CONNOR TUSTIN Staff Writer

It was a cold, snowy winter day on December 15, 1968 at Franklin Field in Philadelphia. The two-win Philadelphia Eagles were hosting the Minnesota Vikings on their home turf. To much surprise, the game was not the center of attention that day. It was on that infamous day, Philadelphia fans were given their notorious reputation as the worst fans in sports. Because of the impending Christmas holiday, the Philadelphia Eagles had plans to have Santa Claus come out during halftime to entertain all of the eager fans at Franklin Field that day. Although, a snowstorm had hit the area the day of the game, making it impossible for the big man to make it to the game. Therefore, the Eagles entertainment director stepped in, approaching a fan in the stands who was dressed as Santa Claus that day. Just like the Eagles’ season that year, things started to slip away fast, very fast. Santa stepped onto the field, only to be greeted by hundreds of irrational, booing fans. It only took a few moments before a snowball flew onto the field in Santa’s direction. One snowball turned into hundreds, giving Philadelphia fans the reputation that it still upholds today. But in defense of the Philadelphia faithful, they are not the worst fans nor are they maliciously mean; they are just flat out passionate. On that cold day, the Eagles

were losing and the season was not going the way they wanted, therefore they were already stirred up. Philadelphia just wants to win and if you don’t give that winning product on the field, the team representing the city will hear it. The fans in Philadelphia don’t boo just because they want to, they boo to push the teams that represent their city to be the best.


Philadelphia Phillies fans cheer on their team. Yes, this passionate fan base has had its downs, but it certainly has had its ups as well. Back in 2011, the Phillies were playing the New York Mets on ESPN’s Sunday Night Baseball when fans across the stadium got the news that Osama Bin Laden had been killed. The fans at Citizens Bank Park, fans of both the Phillies and Mets, united together and broke out in chanting “U.S.A.!” The loyalty in the city has been recognized nationally before as well, as the city was once voted the number one hockey

city in America, thanks to the tremendous following of the Philadelphia Flyers. Back in the Phillies glory days in the late 2000s, the Phillies sold out 257 straight games. Most recently, the city of Philadelphia hosted the NFL draft, which was the most attended in history. The city came out in full force with over 250,000 people lining the Ben Franklin Parkway to welcome the future of the NFL. Whether they were Eagles fans, Giants fans or Cowboys fans, everyone came together for three days to make history. Although these fans have been put down for years for being the worst, there needs to come a point where they are recognized as the best, and this is that time. Every time you turn on a Philadelphia Eagles game, the announcers cannot go one game without mentioning that fabled day in 1968. Thats correct, 1968. Something that happened almost fifty years ago still plagues the city to this day. Thats correct, 1968. Something that happened almost fifty years ago still plagues the city to this day. But what happens when these passionate fans do something positive? It goes completely unnoticed to those outside of Philadelphia. eams that represent them in an odd way to some. CONTINUE READING ONLINE







- MLB and MLBPA- $1 million - Houston Astros- $4 million - Texas Rangers- $1 million -Scott Kazmir,- $130,000 - Matt Carpenter, Adam Wainwright$10,000 for every homerun that Carpenter hits the rest of the season. - Mike Trout- $27,000 - Tampa Bay Rays Revenue for home games against Texas teams. - New York Yankees- $100,000, $9,000 for every win

- NFL-$1 million - Houston Texans- $1 million - Detroit Lions- $1 million - New York Jets- $1 million - Dallas Cowboys -$1 million - Baltimore Ravens- $1 million - New England Patriots- $1 million - Tennessee Titans- $1 million - Ezikiel Elliot- $21,000 - Vance McDonald- $50,000 - Brian Cushing- $50,000

Hurricane Harvey Relief Eforts by the Sports Houston Texans’ star J.J. Watt had a misson of raising $200,000 for Hurricane Harvey relief in the Houston area via social media. His efforts snowballed into a huge wave of support from people all around the web. As of Wednesday, September 6, the campaign has raised upwards of $18 million dollars. Watt is not the only proffesional athlete to make contributions to the relief effort of his city. Many athletes, sports teams and sports leagues have pitched in to help Houston, as well as other cities affected by the storm. Here are just a few.

Basketball - NBA and NBPA- $1 million - Houston Rockets- $10 million - James Harden- $1 million - Miami Heat- $1 million - Steph Curry- $118,000 - Enes Kanter,- $25,000 - John Wall- $250,000 - Bradley Beal- $250,000

Graphic by John Williams

Other Major Sports - NHL and NHLPA- $200,000 - Stacy Lewis- $195,000 - Chris Stroud -$10,000 - PGA Tour- $250,000 - K.J. Choi- $100,000 - Patrick Reed- $50,000

Info from,,

Sept. 8 2017, issue 02 Loquitur  

2017-18 issue 02 Loquitur Cabrini University student newspaper, Radnor, PA 19087 Sept. 8, 2017