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Dressing with a purpose:

Soccer player’s concussion had everlasting impact on life

BY SYDNEY LYNCH Assistant Lifestyles Editor

BY MICHELLE GUERIN Assistant News Editor

Attendees of recent awards shows, including the Screen Actors Guild Awards and the 75th Annual Golden Globe Awards, wore black to make a unified statement against sexual harassment in the entertainment industry. At the 2018 Golden Globe Awards, attendees dressed with purpose. In an industry-wide accord, guests wore black. The color symbolized a stance: solidarity to those who have been affected by sexual harassment in Hollywood. Since the allegations of sexual misconduct by Harvey Weinstein in October 2017, women have been speaking out against their experiences of sexual harassment. Tommie Wilkins is the violence against women on campus grant coordinator at Cabrini University. “Sexual harassment can be unwanted touching, remarks, gestures from someone,” Wilkins said. “It is unwanted attention, whether it be physical, mental or psychological.” Fashion is an incredibly significant factor of any award show. Celebrities showcase the best ensembles by the most notorious designers across the world. After many Hollywood events, lists of the best and worst outfits showcased flood the internet, while critics express their opinions of the outfits worn by A-list actors, actresses and directors alike.

It was the first game of the season as a freshman on the girl’s varsity soccer team for Anat Ferleger at Delaware Valley Friends School in Paoli, Pa. “I was shocked by the reality of the debilitating effects that it would have on my entire life,” Ferleger, now a freshman at American University studying pre-med bio and public health, said. The ‘it’ that changed her entire life was a concussion. According to Heads Up, a concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. “I was playing my usual position, right fullback, when I was injured,” Ferleger said. “My coaches allowed me to go back into the game because I was just complaining of ankle pain. Re-entering the game only made my injury worse.” The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons reported that girls’ soccer players suffered concussions at a significantly higher rate than football players as well as boys in matched sports. Little did Ferleger know at the time, the injury she was not aware of during the game completely turned her life upside-down. Symptoms began the next day in school when Ferleger was in class, seeing double vision and experiencing severe headaches. She then left school early to see a physician where she was then diagnosed with a concussion and told to rest for a few weeks and then return to normal activities.

Blackout on Golden Globes red carpet


From left, Timothee Chalamet, Laurie Metcalf, Greta Gerwig and Saoirse Ronan backstage at the 75th Annual Golden Globes. Lucy Travers, sophomore biology major, is an avid watcher of the Golden Globe Awards and enjoys watching the red carpet to observe the elegant styles of the night. This year, she observed fashion-forward outfits addressed a social and cultural issue especially prevalent in the industry. CONTINUE READING ON PAGE 5

Buying fair trade: A local way to aid communities in other countries BY JOHN WILLIAMS & KAITLYN D’AMROSIO Sports Editor & Lifesyles Editor Fair trade is involved in the everyday lives of individuals and people may not even realize it. It is in the morning when people drink a hot cup of coffee to get themselves through the day. It is at the supermarket when grocery shopping for weekly meals. It is even at the mall when trying to pick out a new outfit. Fair trade is a type of trade in which the producers in developing countries are paid fairly for their products. According to Fair Trade Towns International, there are 2,014 fair trade towns in the world and 44 of those are in the U.S. In April of 2000, Garstang U.K. became the first fair trade town in the world. They are also a strong ally for Media, Pa. when Media wanted to become a fair trade town as well. The Untours Foundation helped lead the way for Media, Pa., to become the first fair trade town in America after hearing about Garstang. The late owner of the travel company Untours, Hal Taussig, created the Untours Foundation to promote fair trade. “My dear boss, Hal Taussig, suggested to me one day that we make Media a fair trade town,” Elizabeth Killough, director of the Untours Foundation, said. “I responded the only way in which I knew how: I laughed at him. I couldn’t imagine what that would look like.” Killough searched fair trade towns on the internet and came across Garstang, U.K., the world’s first fair trade town.

Killough said, “I wrote to them. It was 11 o’clock their time and three minutes later they wrote back: ‘We’ve been waiting for someone in the U.S. to start the fair trade town movement.’” In order to become a fair trade town, there are several steps to take. The town needs to work with local businesses, restaurants, stores and revenue producers and try to get them to agree to sell or use one or two fair trade products at their locations. They also must educate the people in their town about fair trade in order to engage the community in the efforts. Bob McMahon, mayor of Media, said, “Explaining the concept is interesting to people and it grows on them. The more restaurants and the more retails that become familiar with fair trade, the more its going to grow.” Fair trade is becoming more and more common in businesses and companies. Hershey’s has a goal to make the cocoa that they use in their chocolate 100 percent sustainable cocoa by 2020. Earth and State owner Drew Arata sells handmade products, some of which are fair trade items. Some of the fair trade products include crafts, pottery, chocolate and soccer balls. Arata and his wife were involved in some of the activities that helped Media become a fair trade town. CONTINUE READING ON PAGE 2



Ferleger has made a lot of progress, since her life-changing concussion.






MISSION The Loquitur student newspaper and website are integral parts of the educational mission of the Cabrini communication department, namely, to educate students to take their places in the public media. Loquitur Media provides a forum of free expression. All members of the univeristy community may submit work to the editors for possible inclusion. Publication is based on the editorial decision of the student editors.


Trump’s first year in the White House Let’s address the orange elephant in the country. Trump’s presidency— assuming he does not step down or get impeached early— is just over 25 percent complete. In that year, the business tycoon with absolutely no political experience has changed the dynamic of the country. Policy or prejudice? On policy, Trump’s first year has been run-of-the-mill. As any other republican would have, he focused on rolling back the regulations of the previous, Democratic administration— including environment and energy rules— cut corporate taxes and enforced immigration laws. Despite promising to protect the rights of LGBTQ+ individuals, Trump has been rolling back on their liberties. One of his most profound attacks on the LGBTQ+ community includes announcing a ban on transgender individuals in the military. Additionally, his administration wrote a memo to the Justice Department saying that courts would no longer recognize Title VII, which protects transgender individuals against workplace discrimination and expanded religious freedoms with the Conscience and Religious Freedom Division in what appears to be a systematic effort to legitimize discrimination. As promised, Trump withdrew from the Trans-Pacific Partnership, thus shifting the U.S.’s role in the world economy.

While construction on the supposedly forthcoming wall has not begun, Trump addressed immigration throughout the year. e did create a travel ban and vowed to toughen extreme vetting. In September, Trump ordered an end to DACA, the program that protects young, undocumented immigrants from deportation. Just recently, the president proposed sweeping changes to the immigration system as he suggested a path to citizenship for 1.8 million people; however, the only consistent aspect of Trump’s stance on DACA is that it constantly changes and polarizes, so it is unclear if this path will actually be provided by Trump’s self-imposed deadline. Trump has [unsuccessfully] tried to repeal the Affordable Care Act twice. Though he has been unable to bring an end to the health care plan that brought insurance to nearly 20 million Americans, his administration has managed to weaken it by ending subsidies to health insurance companies, allowing states to impose work requirements on Medicaid recipients and lessening enforcement of the individual mandate. He does no wrong So far this year, Trump has threated North Korea, reffered to homes of immigrants as “shithole countries” and paid off an adultfilm star to stay quiet about their alleged affair. If a previous president had threatened another powerful world leader, it would be un-

fathomable. Our world leader scorning the homeland of fleeing immigrants is insulting. Had it been Obama or a Bush or Clinton silencing an adult-film star, it would have been [and was] a national scandal. But with Trump, it is just another Thursday. Trump has gradually normalized outrageous and un-presidential behavior as we slowly lowered our expectations for the nation’s leader. This past year, he has popularized bigotry while we excuse it as racially-charged behavior, rather than admitting he is a racist. Despite sexual assault claims, the serial liar has avoided all repercussions. Trump continues to attack the media for reporting on his actions. His behavior is continually rationalized and excused when the public needs to address and acknowledge it for what it is. One year down, three to go While his policies have been reasonably Republican, his behavior continues to mimic that of a prideful four-year-old with a Twitter account. In the upcoming years, we can expect further attacks on immigration, universal health care, middle- and lower-class taxes and the LGBTQ+ community. We have survived a year under the Trump presidency. Are you prepared for the other three?


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR The Loquitur accepts letters to the editors. They should be less than 500 words, usually in response to a current issue on Cabrini University’s campus or community area and are printed as space permits. Name, phone number and address should be included with submissions for verification purposes. All letters to the editors must be e-mailed to loquitur@

Buying fair trade: A local way to aid communities in other countries CONTINUED FROM THE FRONT PAGE

“Fair trade is a form of trade that’s very transparent and takes the whole supply chain into account,” Killough said. “Especially the producers who are artisans and farmers. It not only guarantees them a fair price, it gives them other guarantees including that their children will go to school, that they will receive technical assistance that they can receive credit, that women can be apart of decision making.” Cabrini University became a fair trade college in 2013. Catholic Relief Services Ambassadors from Cabrini continue to work and promote fair trade and fair trade products. The university

offers fair trade food through their provider, Sodexo, and fair trade products in the bookstore. Fair trade has numerous benefits to people around the world. It helps people in poverty by giving communities stable jobs and improves their local economy. By cutting out the middleman, it gives producers a chance to negotiate the prices for their own products. There is a social impact that fair trade leaves on communities. Fair trade farmers and workers receive a fair trade premium— money that can go towards the community. Thus, the fair trade premium can help improve education for kids or provide health care for its citizens. Fair trade farmers also learn


This soccer ball is a fair trade certified product. how to be environmentally friendly. They are trained how to combat climate change through their work. The fair trade standards for farming include not using GMOs or toxic pesticides





Tuition costs rise, college affordability declines


The GOP Tax Bill will make it harder for students to pay for for college and to pay back their loans. BY HOPE DALUISIO & ERIC STONE Visual Managing Editor & Lifestyles Editor Within the past 10 years, a college degree requirement has become more common within the job search process. According to the U.S. Department of Education, by the year 2020, nearly two thirds of job openings will require postsecondary education or training. With more people now being encouraged to attend college, the price is also increasing. The United States is predicted to have the highest proportion of college graduates in

the world by the year 2020. With prices going up, parents are finding more difficulty in helping fund their children’s higher education. Students who are determined to get their degrees often are forced to find alternate ways of paying. “I did not save one time for college,” senior history and secondary education major Treci Butler said. “Out of my entire costs to attend Cabrini University, I have about $28,000 in loans.” Taking out student loans is typically the norm for almost every college student paying for higher education on their own. Be-

tween 1992 and 2012, the average amount owed by a typical student loan borrower who graduated with a bachelor’s degree more than doubled to a total of nearly $27,000. FASFA, the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, also is a resource for students who need help in funding their college education. Students apply every year and are rewarded based off of their family income, ethnicity, hometown and more factors. Cabrini’s financial aid office has counselors that work closely with students to help them through the process. “Our role in the financial aid office is to take your FASFA information and prepare a financial aid package for you using all types of federal, state or institutional aid that you may be eligible for,” Director of Financial Aid Thor Kress said. “So we put it all together in one financial aid package delivered out to the student that shows them what types of grants, scholarships or loan funding that they might be eligible for.” College has never been more expensive and it is likely only going to rise. In the United State’s current government administration, the GOP Tax Bill will make it harder to pay for college and to pay back loans. Every college student is different when it comes to their financial aid status. Many who pay for their own education have multiple part time jobs or will commute to their school to avoid paying room and board fees. CONTINUE READING ONLINE HEDALUISIO@GMAIL.COM ECSTONE31@GMAIL.COM

Babies of educated mothers live more often BY CORALINE PETTINE & JOHN WILLIAMS Writing Managing Editor & Sports Editor When Danielle King was told her blood pressure was high, she was confused but not incredibly alarmed. She had been preparing to be a mother for almost eight months now and even though she followed through with what all her research told her to do in preparation for her newborn to be, there was not a book or a study in the world that could have prepared her for this. “The guilt that I felt, like I f***ed up,” King said. “Like there was something wrong with me that I couldn’t keep him safe.” King’s premature son received what she considered amazing care, and he learned essential skills in the Neona-


Vinny King’s weight dropped to three pounds and eight ounces.

tal Intensive Care Unit, such as feeding and regulating his body temperature. Her son survived being born six weeks early, but the experience was still frightening for King and her husband. “He was just hooked up to all of these tubes and monitors and, you know, he’s just this little, tiny thing and I was petrified. It was a really difficult time for me because not only was I not completely prepared— I still thought I had six weeks to go— but I didn’t have time to feel like I bonded with something that was in me and now he’s in this incubator and you can’t touch him and he’s helpless.” Even though King’s son was born premature and spent 17 days in the NICU, she was fortunate. As a mother with a college education, her child was nearly half as likely to be a victim of infant mortality than the child of a mother who did not graduate high school. According to a study by Benjamin Sosnaud, a sociologist at Trinity University, babies born to mothers who had less than 12 years of education are more than twice as likely to die as infants than those born to mothers with four or more years of college. “Having a college degree naturally prepares a person to develop one’s cognition, to develop one’s critical thinking, to know how to research, to be exposed to a wider world,” Dr. Angela Campbell, assistant dean of the School of Education at Cabrini University, said.


Despite being born six weeks early, Vinny King was still smiling in the NICU. King, a resident of Abington, Pa., graduated from Temple University with a degree in English. One of the most valuable skills she said she gained from her college experience was the ability to do research. “I think something that benefited me a lot was my love of research,” King said. “Had I not gone to college, I don’t know if it would have flourished and bloomed into what it is. I research everything.” Research is an essential part of life. Every time an individual looks up information, he or she is doing research. Jen Hasse, a librarian at Cabrini University, said being able to do research is important in many aspects of life but especially when someone is expecting a baby.

“You do a lot of research when you have a baby,” Hasse said. “You do a lot of reading— too much sometimes. It helps you to seek out answers and it helps you because knowing who you are and knowing what you believe helps you raise a child and know what you want to expose them to and the values that you want them to have.” It is not just the research element that is an important aspect of education in having a child. A secondary education also can open up doors to resources for the student Campbell explained that poverty is correlated with education. CONTINUE READING ONLINE COREYPETTINE@GMAIL.COM JAWILLIAMS1224@GMAIL.COM

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One woman’s abortion is saving lives BY MICHELLE GUERIN Assistant News Editor

Having regret in decisions can be one thing but learning from a personal mistake and teaching others can have a great impact. “Growing up, my mom talked about abortion like it was no big deal, after having one, like it wasn’t even a human being or a life being taken,” Jennifer Oprinski said. “It was something that freed a woman from the burden of being a mom when she’s not prepared, so my siblings and I didn’t have a negative view of abortion.” “At the age of 13, I was treated like I was an adult by my mom and I was able to go where I wanted to and stay with who I wanted to.” Having that freedom, Oprinski started using drugs, partying and drinking while hanging with the wrong crowd. “I was 15 and I had a boyfriend and I got pregnant, but at the time, I didn’t know I was pregnant.” When Oprinski was feeling strange pains, she went in for a doctor’s appointment and was told she was pregnant. In the same visit, the doctor gave her an ultrasound and a picture of the baby. “I knew it was my baby and I wanted to keep it, so I kept it a secret from my mom,” Oprinski said. “Getting morning sickness and all these symptoms, I had to tell my mom that I was pregnant and I specifically remember I told her that I was keeping the baby.” Right away, Oprinski was denied and told she had to get an abortion. “They told me if I didn’t get an abortion, I wouldn’t be able to live with them anymore and be homeless,” Oprinski said. “It was not a matter of choice; I was told I was getting an abortion.” After being told to get in the car, Oprinski was brought to a clinic run by Planned Parenthood. “They talked to me saying that I was too young to have a baby and said that with my drug past, my baby would be mentally retarded. When given an ultrasound, I wasn’t allowed to see the results.” Oprinski said that when she asked if her baby was developed, the nurse told her specifically, “No, it is just a blob of tissue; it is not even a baby.” Finding out later, Oprinski was 13-weeks-along but because she was young and uneducated, thinking that there was not a formed fetus in her, she believed their false accusations saying that there was no actual fetus. Dr. Paul Jarrett, a former abortion provider in Indiana, spoke in an interview about performing an abortion on a 13- to 14-week size fetus and how he decided to stop conducting abortions after that. “Inside the remains of the rib cage I found a tiny, beating heart,” Jarrett said. “I was finally able to remove the head and looked squarely into the face of a human being— a human being that I just killed.” “When I woke up, I woke up in this back room and there was bed after bed after bed in an open room with

only curtains dividing us,” Oprinski said. “There were all these women recovering, either crying or screaming, and I immediately had a lot of pain.” Oprinski felt like she had to use the bathroom but was denied and was sent home. When Oprinski got home, she was bleeding so uncontrollably that she was brought back to the clinic the next day. A dilation and curettage (D&C) was performed the next day because they did not clear out all the pieces. “As if the first procedure was not traumatic enough, they made me go through it a second time and afterwards, I remember holding my baby brother in the motel and crying, knowing what I did was wrong and no way to turn back,” Oprinski said. “I trusted them.” After the abortion, Oprinski suffered from severe anxiety, depression and felt like she wanted to die. According to American Pregnancy Association, many women can experience hemorrhage, heavy bleeding, infection in the uterus or other pelvic organs, an incomplete procedure that requires another procedure to be performed and possible laceration or weakening of the cervix from a D&C. Emotionally, women can develop depression, anger, nightmares, eating disorders, anxiety, flashbacks of the abortion procedure and even consider suicide. Going back to school and attending college, Oprinski MICHELLE GUERIN / ASSISTANT NEWS EDITOR started getting educated on human development and Women, like Jennifer Oprinski, advocate in the antistarted getting curious. “It was traumatic all over again. My heart was broken,” abortion movement. Oprinski said. “I was devastated. I could not believe that my baby had little hands, little feet, a heartbeat and a with a girl. brain. It was a human life that was taken from me; it was “When I found out I was having a daughter, I wanted to not a blob of tissue.” name her Grace because I knew this was the grace of God.” Soon after becoming a Christian, Oprinski cried and Since then, Oprinski has been blessed with four prayed to God. children. Meeting many people that had abortions, Oprinski met a woman who is one of the many reasons that convinved Oprinski that having an abortion was not right. Oprinski said, “I knew one girl that used Planned Parenthood as her birth control from her teenage years up to adulthood. You’d think that if Planned Parenthood was all about women’s health, they’d stop her from having at least the four or five abortions so far and might have told her that it was bad for her health, but they promote there’s no risk to it.” Teaching her kids about anti-abortion is super JENNIFER OPRINSKI important in Oprinski’s life. “I have had my kids come to each of my ultrasounds, listen to their younger brother’s heartbeat, read through “I thought that God would never give me another child books about the process and I even had an app on my because I did something so wrong. I felt so much shame phone to show them the development process,” Oprinski and guilt that I carried with me.” said. Soon after marrying her husband, Oprinski All three of her kids know what an abortion means and remembered staying up at night praying non-stop, “God, trust that it is a life being taken. if I have a child, it’ll be from your grace.” Oprinski stresses for young girls to seek out help, A week or two after going to church where they were knowing there are many organizations that can help talking about how God forgives people, giving people pregnant women seek housing and more. There is always good things when they do not deserve it, she was pregnant the option of placing the child for adoption, knowing that other loving parents would take care of him or her. Oprinski believes it is very important to speak for the unborn and gets encouraged when she sees young people at the anti-abortion marches, mostly occurring in Washington, D.C.. In 2014, Planned Parenthood performed 323,999 abortions, approximately 31 percent of all abortions, making them the largest abortion chain in the United States, according to Pro Life Action League. According to the March for Life, the 2018 theme is: Love Saves Lives. The theme reads, “Choosing life is not always easy but it is the loving, empowering and self-sacrificial option. Love is universally attractive because it is directed towards others. Love is what we all strive for because deep down, we are all drawn to give of ourselves in this way. Love saves lives in countless ways.” Fostering a couple children whose mothers were drug addicts and having the children addicted as well now, Oprinski never shamed them but felt love for them. “As their foster mother, I loved each one of the babies that I had and I never thought ill of their mother,” Oprinski said. “I always thought how brave they must have been to choose life, even with uncertainties and not knowing what would happen to their children.”

“It was not a matter of choice; I was told I was getting an abortion.”


Men and women attended the March for Life to promote women keeping their babies rather than aborting them.





Blackout on the Golden Globes red carpet CONTINUED FROM FRONT PAGE

“I really loves Mandy Morre’s halterneck dress,” Travers said. “She wore a black dress with a red band around the waist. I think it was a nice, bright tough to the all black gown,” Distinguished designers from around the world created exceptional pieces. Women’s fashion designer Christian Siriano tweeted his support for the cause, while creating a black dress for “Will and Grace” star, Debra Messing. The tweet read: “I am proud to work with so many talented and determined women who are responsible for so much of our successes.” Some individuals are glad celebrities are taking JAY L. CLENDENIN / LOS ANGELES a stance on sexual assault TIMES / TNS Debra Messing at the 75th because their fame allows Annual Golden Globes. them to bring attention to

important topics. Sophomore elementary education major Marlena Prisco said, “I believe that when celebrities start a conversation on a tough topic, it becomes more perceived by society.” The #MeToo campaign gave victims of sexual harassment a social platform to express their stories and experiences. The hashtag flooded social media platforms, creating an online presence for a movement created over 10 years ago. In 2006, Tarana Burke created the campaign along with Just Be Inc., a non-profit organization  hat helps survivors of sexual violence. In a United States-wide survey conducted by Stop Street Harassment, 65 percent of the women surveyed have been sexually harassed, verbally and physically. “Most survivors of sexual harassment don’t say anything because they are conditioned to think it’s not a big deal,” Wilkins said. “It would be hard to find concrete numbers as to how many people have been effected because it often goes unreported.” Time’s Up is a new organization, created and developed by over 300 women, to end sexual harassment in the workplace. According to a study conducted by Time’s Up, one in three women between the ages of 18 and 34 have


The red carpet at the Annual Golden Globes showed the unified attendees wearing black. been sexually harassed at a job. Many of the women who had a hand in creating this coalition were attendants of the 75th annual Golden Globe Awards. “I think this movement is a step in the right direction, especially with the current news of actresses and the USA gymnastics team  addressing  their  experiences,” Travers said. “I hope  this  gives  people motivation to find their voice and speak up about their own experiences to spread awareness.” SYDNEYLYNCH929@GMAIL.COM

‘Back on my feet’ promotes social change through running BY HOPE DALUISIO Visual Managing Editor

Running is more than physical activity to many homeless people in Philadelphia. While so many run for the purpose of exercise, through the organization Back On My Feet, homeless individuals run for a sense of community that leads to employment and housing. Back On My Feet runs across 12 cities in the United States, the closest one to Cabrini University being in Philadelphia. The number of people experiencing homelessness in the city of Philadelphia is 5,693. Out of those 5,693, 4,737 are somewhat sheltered while 956 are not. Back On My Feet serves members who are currently experiencing homelessness or are at risk of becoming homeless. They use running and community together to overall support the homeless on their journey to independence and stop the negative stigma towards the people impacted by homelessness. At Cabrini University, students can take an engagement in the common good course titled Running for Social Change. Instructor Catherine Beckowski said, “The ECG that I am teaching focuses on how running can be and has been used to promote social change and we look at it in different parts of the world and in different context.”

Running can offer many life lessons if looked at in this frame. According to Back On My Feet’s website, “It teaches us to take things one step at a time– that we have to run miles one through nine to get to 10. Running teaches us that perseverance leads to success. It teaches us that if we keep moving forward, we arrive some place different and often as stronger, better versions of ourselves. Running increases endorphins, inspires us to achieve new goals and offers us serenity and a sense of accomplishment when we need it most. Out there on the pavement, social status and backgrounds fade away. Everyone who runs with Back on My Feet is just that: a runner. And that alone is powerful.” “We learned about the Boston Marathon bombing,” junior Tyree Holmes said. “Running in other countries, there are disadvantaged people who are using running as a way to feel empowerment and a way to bring about social change.” To join the Back On My Feet community, one must be referred to by one of their faculty members or referral partners. Members come from all different age ranges 18 and up. Thirty-five percent of members are veterans, 53 percent are African American, 31 percent are Caucasian and 14 percent are Hispanic. “They have their members come out and run at 5:30 in the morning three days a week,” Beckowski said. “They


Promoting social change one step at a time run with volunteers who go out to those runs as well. Once they’ve demonstrated 90 percent attendance for a month or more, then they become eligible for job training, support with housing cost and all kinds of additional benefits that will help them get back on their feet.” HEDALUISIO@GMAIL.COM

Recent changes spark debate about Facebook’s future BY JUSTIN BARNES Assistant Lifestyles Editor

Soon, Facebook users will only be seeing the content they prefer to see thanks to a recent change Facebook made to their algorithms. On Jan. 11 2018, Facebook made a massive change to the News Feed that will alter the user experience. The change means that in the coming weeks, users’ Facebook feeds will focus more on showing them content that suits their own interests instead of news articles and viral videos that randomly pop up. According to an article from the New York Times, the updates are meant to put less emphasis on posts that have harmed or upset users in the past and focus more on making users’ feel happy when they use Facebook as well as connecting them more with their friends and family. “We want to make sure that our products are not just fun, but are good for people,” Facebook Chief Executive Officer Mark Zuckerbug said in an interview with the Times. Zuckerberg also mentioned that this

year, Facebook would be dedicating itself to greatly improving the website and making sure that a user’s time on Facebook is not wasted. This update has also raised question regarding how it will affect users in the long run. For instance, if people end up seeing posts that strengthen their views, it could increase the chances of fake news spreading which would lead to users being misinformed about what really happened. Sophomore biology major Maria Ratliff agreed with the fact that the new update has the potential to strengthen her connection with her friends and family but she disliked the update, saying that this is not a big step in improving Facebook. “Enforcing ideologies may be a bad thing because then you do not see everyone’s point of view about a controversial topic,” Ratliff said. “Then you may become an extremist as the other views are being ignored.” Junior business major Matt Keelan had a different take on the new update. Keelan saw it as just another update that would just be something users would eventually get used to. In addition, he felt that it


Facebook’s new algorithms have strongly affected users. would not exactly strengthen connections with users’ friends and family. “I think it’s more of seeing less viral

content than it is seeing more family and friends’ interactions,” Keelan said. Some other potential repercussions include small businesses, non-profit organizations and other groups getting hurt because it would be harder for them to reach out to potential followers. Social media professor Margaret Rakus explained that normally, businesses put their ads on Facebook through bidding instead of just paying to be guaranteed a spot. “Businesses will still be able to bid for a spot to place their ads but probably, it’ll cost you more to get the same kind of reach you got before,” Rakus said. While this new update has raised questions about it’s impact on Facebook and its’ users, it appears that the best course of action right now is to wait and see how things unfold. “People are sort of hysterical about it,” Rakus said. “They probably should just dial it back a little bit and watch it.” JUSTINWANNABARNES@GMAIL.COM




Explore outside of your comfort zone:

Perfectionism plauges young people

BY ARIANA YAMASAKI Assistant Perspectives Editor

When we think of perfectionism, we might think about it in a positive way. We think that it makes someone aim to be the best they can be or never expect anything less than what they imagined. Well, perfectionism is not as good for someone’s mental health as we would think. Ever since coming to college, I have noticed that I would a l way s set standards for myself that were too high to reach. I was intimi dated by how high I set them and was not motivated by them like some of my peers were. Perfectionism drives me to set standards too high for

me to accomplish. When looking at the projects or assignments I had to do for the day, I would be intimidated by them. I would not be motivated like I was hoping I would be. It would just make me feel like I could not keep up with everything I had to do. It was like I was drowning. Many times, I avoid tasks that I think I will fail. I never noticed that this was a part of being a perfectionist. When I avoid doing the things I should be doing, I get anxious and then, in turn, become intimidated by the responsibilities I should be doing. I just thought I had a terrible problem with procrastination, but it was just me not wanting to follow through because I thought I could not do it perfectly. According to Good Therapy, there are generally two types of perfectionism. There is personal standard perfectionism that gives the person motivation to accomplish their goals. On the other hand, there is self-critical perfectionism, which is when someone sets goals for themselves

but is intimidated by them instead of motivated. The one that has the most mental health issues tied to it is selfcritical perfectionism. More now than ever, young people are reporting the highest levels of depression, anxiety and suicidal thoughts. Social media causes an increase of perfectionism amongst young people. We scroll through our Instagram feed looking at everyone’s pictures and seeing how perfect their lives supposedly are. People share the goods things happening to them and that gives others the illusion that they are perfect when in reality, everyone has their own struggles that they are not willing to share. Growing up with these social media platforms, it made it easy to look at our peers or celebrities and want  what they have. Looking into someone’s seemingly perfect life can make you wonder what you are doing wrong. CONTINUE READING ONLINE ARIANAYAMASAKI@GMAIL.COM

Millennial’s cannot ‘adult’

Clean eating a risky fad

BY RENIN BROADNAX Assistant News Editor


Isn’t it kind of crazy how that in a matter of few months, we go from raising our hand in order to use the bathroom to filling out FASFAs and deciding what the rest of our lives are going to be like? Teenagers spend most of their high school lives studying to pass standardized tests and worrying about what college they are going to attend. Then they finally enter the adult world and the only amount of information they have about the “real world,” is how hard every adult says it is going to be for our generation; however, even we don’t know how difficult it is because the adult world has changed a lot since their time. According to Pew, “In 2014, for the first time in more than 130 years, adults ages to 18 to 34 were slightly more likely to be living in their parents’ home than they were to be living with a spouse or partner in their own household.” For the first time in modern America, young adults are not financially stable enough to live on their own, so after they graduate college, they have to return to living with their parents. In the 1880s, most young adults were living with their spouses; that form of living stopped around the 1960s and now they are not financially stable enough. At 19 years old, the most mature experience that I have had is calling and setting up my own dentist appointment for the first time over the summer. While doing that was probably the most stressful thing I have been through, besides taking the SATs, it also did not make me anymore prepared to be an adult. After making this appointment, which took a matter of five minutes, I was extremely overwhelmed. This small task sent me into mental exhaustion. According to Inc.

Magazine, “When college students were asked what was the source of their stress, they responded that it stretched far beyond academics, so it is likely that young people entering the work force or the military may also be lacking the mental strength they need to successfully join the adult world.” Coming into college, I was prepared academically but I had no idea the amount of extracurricular stress that comes with being an adult or just a functioning human being. Being an adult does not mean just working. You have to have friends, do volunteer work and maintain a social life. Balancing all that is supposed to make you less stressed because too much of one thing is bad but what about too much of everything? According to Inc. Magazine, “Parents and teachers dedicate their days to preparing kids for life after high school but they miss the mark emotionally.” Being an adult in this day and age is simply a lot to handle and mentally, this generation is not prepared for it. Our parents, the generation before us, could not prepare us for the adult world because they themselves were only taught how to work. So where does this leave our generation? Are we just going to remain mentally inadequate forever? While that may be an option in the future, it is not the only one. “Adulting” is hard and, let’s face it, we are all a little lost on what it means to really be an adult. So then why not support each other? One of us may know something the other does not. I may know how to file my taxes and you may know how to cope after a mental breakdown, so let’s team up. RENIN9819@GMAIL.COM

When it comes to food, there are all types of ways people eat or don’t eat. In America, we like to make these different ways of eating or not eating  socially acceptable trends. Clean eating is the practice of following a strict diet that contains only natural foods and that is low on sugar, salt and fat. Some people who follow this trend think it is a major movement, spurred by people from all walks of life, who want to feel good about what they are putting in their bodies. You may be one of these people who eat clean or may know someone who does and may think it is a harmless trend just to live a healthier lifestyle. Clean eating can have good benefits: some of them are  fat loss, weight loss, clearer skin

and shinier hair. The concept of clean eating is not that difficult to understand. This has been around for years so it is not new at all. It is just that this generation is more aware of all the food-related health risks such as MSGs and other things in our everyday foods. As there are some positive aspects to clean eating, there are also some negatives as well. Since this is a popular trend going around, it also has caught the eye and attention of impressionable high school kids. This is not the first food trend that has been passed around in high school, making it very risky for them at a young age. These kids are at an age where everything that they wear, eat and watch is all for conforming to what society is telling them. According to the UK Times,

BY JUSTIN BARNES Assistant Lifestyles Editor

Are we, as a species, biological machines? Were we created by higher beings? If yes, why? What actually defines free will? These questions were flowing through my mind after watching thought-provoking sci-fi films such as “Blade Runner 2049” and “Alien: Covenant.” Ever since walking out of those movies several months ago, I’ve been debating about whether we act upon our free will, if we are secretly controlled by higher beings and, if so, why they created us. For starters, I have thought more about how the brain functions and I theorized that, in a way, brains are like computers. According to Psychology Today, we take information in, process it and generate output all the time, just like computers do. However, when a computer fulfills a task, it usually does the same thing with the exact same results, whether it be calculating a num-

some people obsess over food so much, they refuse to even drink tap water. Also, mental health experts say that this increasingly popular clean eating dietary trend is leaving a growing number of teenagers who are very thin and even at risk of dying when it is taken to extremes. Clean eating has more than a physical impact. It can cause mental problems. I think any type of trend can go from really good to really bad because of social media, youthful people and the trend’s negative affects.


ber or accessing a link on the internet. When the human brain performs the same tasks, the results are different from previous times, unlike with a computer. Everything our brain experiences is like programming. Emotions, survival instincts, sexual desires, bodily functions and other processes that go through our brain all play a part in what we do. Unlike most machines, we can adapt automatically based on past experiences. In a way, our brains are highly advanced computers that can yield a large variety of results based on situations. The fact that our brains are like computers raised another question: do we even have free will? If we are bound to what our emotions, morality and bodies tell us to do, does that still count as being free? Scientific American explores this in an article that talks about whether free will exists. CONTINUE READING ONLINE JUSTIN.WANNABARNES@GMAIL.COM



Sports Source Editorial Column

The most feared NFL underdogs BY JOHN WILLIAMS Sports Editor

For the Philadelphia Eagles, it’s shaping up to be a storybook ending. It all started in July, when head coach Doug Pederson said his current squad was “probably” better than the Super Bowl winning Green Bay Packers of 1997. It sounded like an outlandish comment after the team went 7-9 in his first season as a head coach, but for Pederson, who was the backup quarterback on that ‘97 team, he saw something in the Birds’ roster that others didn’t. After the Eagles started the regular season 1-1, they began a magical run, winning nine straight games. In those nine games, they did lose two key players for the rest of the season. Both Darren Sproles and Jason Peters tore their ACLs and left the Eagles with massive holes to fill on the fly. Even with the injuries, quarterback Carson Wentz thrived. Wentz became an MVP candidate for the Eagles, notching 27 touchdowns and just six interceptions while also eclipsing the 3,000 yard mark in his first 12 games of the season. And then he tore his ACL against the Los Angeles Rams in the team’s week 14 road victory. The entire city of Philadelphia felt the same pain Wentz has suffered. After about two days of grieving, the city of Philadelphia got back up and felt like they could continue to build something special. They turned to former Eagles’ starting quarterback Nick Foles to shoulder the load and after a few shaky regular season outings, the team managed to clinch the NFC’s top seed and home field advantage. Yet, nobody believed in them. The Eagles were underdogs against the Atlanta Falcons in the playoffs’ divisional round but they defeated the Atlanta Falcons 15-10. The team and the city were soon to be underdogs again, this time against the Minnesota Vikings in the NFC Championship game. The team embraced this underdog mentality and players and fans alike wore Halloween-esque dog masks in the stadium against the Vikings. And what did the Eagles do? They completely obliterated the Vikings by a score of 38-7. The ‘dogs’ were going to the Super Bowl. Now just a few days away from the biggest game of these players’ lives, the team is still embracing the underdog tag as they opened in Vegas as 5.5 point underdogs to the New England Patriots. Everything that they have gone through this season has prepared them for this moment and once again, the underdogs will reign supreme with the Vince Lombardi trophy in their hand. And for the first time ever, the Philadelphia Eagles will become Super Bowl Champions.

Sports fans electrify their cities BY JAMES KELLY Assistant Sports Editor

You can feel the excitement as soon as you step out of the car. The noise, the atmosphere, the intensity building up as you get closer to the stadium. The scent of burgers and cheesesteaks fills the air as vendors fill the sections. Once you take your seat and just look towards the field, that is when it hits you. Emotions take over. The team runs out from the tunnel as everyone cheers from the first row to way up in the nosebleeds. Fans of sports teams go all out as they show their dedication for their team, organization and city. These diehard fans watch every game regardless of how bad the team might be that year. The screaming at the TV is all worth it when your team finally brings home a championship. Why is it that people dedicate themselves to sports and to players they do not know? Gail Wehmeyer has been an Eagles season ticket holder since 1961. That is 57 years of dedication to a franchise. Wehmeyer shows her dedication by wearing a customized Eagles jersey to every game that says “STH Since ‘61.” Wehmeyer has dedicated her whole life to watching the Eagles every Sunday regardless of how cold it might be. To a lot of people, being a sports fan is a lifestyle, whether they are watching the game from the stadium or arena or watching on their couch. Dedicated sports fans stick with their team no matter what and they will defend their team against any other team’s fans just because that’s what sports does to people. Sophomore accounting major Gerald Healey who has been a season ticket


Eagles fans are celebrating their team’s blowout victory of the Minnisota Vikings in the NFC Championship game. holder for the Philadelphia Eagles the past three years, has seen the good as well as the bad with the Eagles. “I love this team. I go to every game, every Sunday and I love every second of it,” Healey said. “My dad is a huge Eagles fan as well as his father, so growing up, all I watched was the Eagles.” Healey went on to explain what it means to him being a Philadelphia sports fan. “Philly is such a great sports city. Every sport has been successful and watching every sport with passion is what a Philly sports fan does,” Healey said. Sports fanatics are passionate about their team and that passion fuels the team. Players and teams always mention their fans’ energy throughout the stadium to get them pumped. Fans have no physical correlation with their team, yet bring the same intensity watching the game on their

couch as the players on the field do. Sports fans in Buffalo created The Bills’ Mafia. One fan in this group literally jumps through burning tables tailgating just to liven up the atmosphere. Chiefs Kingdom is another fan group who had a fan jump off a portable toiler so everyone around tailgating would feel that fire. Sports fans that are truly dedicated will give up anything to see the team they love win a championship. With the Eagles in the playoffs, the whole city of the Philadelphia has been on edge. An estimated 500,000 people tailgated for the NFC Championship game with the Eagles and Vikings The passion sports bring out of people is without parallel. CONTINUE READING ONLINE JAMESEJKELLY@GMAIL.COM

Soccer player’s concussion had everlasting impact on life CONTINUED FROM FRONT PAGE

Resting did not only mean sleep but Ferleger was not allowed to read, use her phone or any electronics or even hang out with friends. Devastated but relieved that her head would feel better, Ferleger obeyed the instructions. “After symptoms only began to become more severe, I started to see more specialists to figure out what steps to take next,” Ferleger said. “This was just the beginning of what would turn into years of recovery.” The few weeks Ferleger was told it would take to recover soon turned into months. Ferleger began missing months of school in order to

get constant medical care. She began seeing a tutor to get credit for school and started seeing a vestibular therapist to help her regain skills she lost. “Vestibular therapy is used to help people regain normal balance and eye movements after a brain injury,” Ferleger said. Months later, after she began to regain some strength, Ferleger began attending school for one hour, three days a week. “After two weeks, I was too overwhelmed by the light, sound, electronics and visual clutter that the school environment projected, so I needed to return to homeschooling,” Ferleger said. Instead of going to math class, English class and lunch, Ferleger’s days were full of




Ferleger playing soccer in high school.

doctor appointments, vestibular and vision therapy, little school work and a lot of rest. One year passed with symptoms worsening. “After a year of draining symptoms, including double vision, chronic migraines, fatigue, difficulty sleeping, memory loss, light and noise sensitivity and balance problems, we decided to see another neurologist for a second opinion,” Ferleger said. “I was then given the diagnoses of postconcussion syndrome as well as post-traumatic migraines and a few other diagnoses,” Ferleger said. “Seeing Anat struggle was heartbreaking,” David Ferleger, Anat’s father, said. “Simple tasks caused her pain. She was not herself. Over time, things began to improve, but it took months of seeing her in pain, dozens of appointments, medications and tests in order to get her back on the right track and on her way to recovering from this injury.” According to US National Library of Medicine: National Institutes of Health, only 15 percent of people with a history of TBI still suffer from deficits one year after injury. Ferleger is four years out from her brain injury and this statistic lowers the farther out from the injury the patient is.

Upon trying a variety of medications to no avail, stronger medications began to be suggested for her severe headaches and migraine. “After months of trying multiple medications and supplements, it appeared that none of them seemed to be making a difference and were only causing severe side effects,” Ferleger said. None of the medications the doctors prescribed seemed to work miracles like she had hoped and therefore, the doctors decided to extend and proceed with more tests to rule out any other causes of these symptoms. After missing a year of school, Ferleger began to go back for her sophomore year, part-time. “It was a big milestone in my recovery as it was amazing to be able to see my friends and have some structure back in my life,” Ferleger said. “I was able to tolerate school for about half a day, three times a week.” The constant severe headaches kept interrupting Ferleger’s day, resulting her trying a nerve block. “Getting a nerve block meant getting over a dozen shots,” Ferleger said. CONTINUE READING ONLINE MICHELLECG122@GMAIL.COM





Cabrini University junior Jessica Hayes, an early education major, gets ready to field a ground ball as the ball is being hit to her at Philadelphia Phillies ballgirl tryouts.

From Cabrini to the Big Leagues: Phillies ballgirl tryouts give student a chance at her dream BY CONNOR TUSTIN

Assistant Sports Editor With baseball season looming, the Philadelphia Phillies have been looking for new ballgirls for the 2018 season. Each year, the Phillies hold their annual ballgirl tryouts for young women around the Greater Philadelphia area. The Phillies describe their ballgirls as being “ambassadors for the Phillies both on and off the field.” The organization hopes to find educated, athletic and energetic women who hope to serve as role models in professional sports for young girls. On the field, there are two ball girls, one on the first base line and the other on the third base line. Both are in charge of picking up foul balls, as well as interacting with the fans. There are also six or seven girls who walk around the stadium as a part of the Red Goes Green team, which promotes recycling. Off the field, the ballgirls give back and do a lot of community and charity work, including visiting hospitals and schools. Jessica Hayes, a junior early childhood education major at Cabrini University, is one of the many young women seeking a spot on the 2018 Phillies ballgirl team. Hayes, a native of Pennsauken, N.J., is also a part of two honors societies, Delta Epsilon Sigma and Kappa Delta Pi Sigma Rho. In addition to her outstanding achievements in the classroom, Hayes is the President of El Sueño Español, a new club on Cabrini’s campus. Hayes has also been heavily involved within Cabrini’s mentorship program in the Greater Norristown School District for the last three years. As for Hayes’ athletic career, she has played softball ever since she was six years

old. She stopped when she reached college, in order to focus on academics, but is finding her way back to the sport she loved. “Ever since I was a little, I wanted to be a ballgirl,” Hayes said. This season, she looks to cross a lifelong dream off her bucket list.

“Ever since I was a little, I wanted to be a ballgirl.” JESSICA HAYES

A few months back, Hayes emailed the Phillies expressing her interest in becoming a part of the team for the 2018 season. After filling out the official application, Hayes had to produce a video displaying her softball abilities, along with submitting her resume. One week after Hayes submitted her application, she was formally invited to Citizens Bank Park for the first round of tryouts. Going into the tryout, Hayes had some nerves about the process but quickly became acclimated with her surroundings. “At first, I was nervous, but I made friends with so many friendly girls at the tryouts quickly so that definitely soothed my nerves,” Hayes said. The tryout consisted of three separate activities: testing each candidates abilities in softball skills, interview skills and Phillies knowledge. The softball skills portion included fielding ground balls, hitting balls and throwing.

After showcasing their athletic abilities, the candidates were individually asked a random series of questions in front of a camera. Lastly, each candidate had to take a quiz, testing them on their knowledge of baseball and Phillies history. “The tryout process was actually super fun,” Hayes said. One day after the tryout, Hayes received the good news that she made it to the second round. On Jan. 23, Hayes ventured back to the ballpark for round two of tryouts in a formal interview setting. “I think the interview went really well as it seemed to flow smoothly,” Hayes said. After another week-long period of waiting, Hayes received some more good news. “I was in a meeting when I looked at my phone and I read that I had a voicemail from ‘Michelle from the Phillies,’” Hayes said. Hayes sat patiently in the meeting, while her heart was racing, waiting for the opportunity to call back. Once the meeting concluded, Hayes called the number back, but found herself in a game of phone tag, as “Michelle from the Phillies” did not pick up. Moments later, the phone rang. Hayes got the job. “Waiting for the phone to ring again was gut-wrenching,” Hayes said. “I honestly can’t believe this.”


Feb 1, 2018, Issue 09 Loquitur  

2017-18 Issue 09 Loquitur Cabrini University student newspaper, Radnor, PA 19087 Feb. 1, 2017

Feb 1, 2018, Issue 09 Loquitur  

2017-18 Issue 09 Loquitur Cabrini University student newspaper, Radnor, PA 19087 Feb. 1, 2017