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THE #1 GUIDE FOR FINDING & RAISING YOUR NEW BEST FRIEND

5

TIPS IIPS FOR BUYING A NEW PUPPY

BRINGING

UP BABY:

182 BREEDS! Inside:

EXPERT PUPPY ADVICE

FIVE

THE TRUTH ABOUT

NUTRITION

10

FOODS FOR GOOD VISION

BEST TIMES TO TRAIN YOUR DOG

CANADA’S

TOP DOGS OF

SOCIAL MEDIA

HOW TO

SAVE MONEY AT THE GROOMER

ENTER TO

WIN FREE DOG FO OD

$11.95 Canada

ANNUAL 2017

Puppy

FOR A YEA R!

Love

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contents 26

56

62

Lifestyle & Travel

Nutrition

22 Safety tips for walking your dog at night

18 Top reasons to rotate your dog’s protein

Take these extra precautions when it’s dark out.

30 A travel checklist for your dog How to guarantee a safe, stress-free trip for you and your pooch.

62 5 ideas for a dog-friendly yard Creating an outdoor retreat that works for both of you.

70 Car safety 101

Fido-friendly features to look for when buying a new vehicle.

Feeding him a variety of foods helps keep him healthy and happy.

38 How to choose the best training treats You’ll use a lot, so make sure they’re low-cal as well as tasty.

40 Recipe: Topsy turkey training treats Your dog will jump hoops for these crunchy goodies!

90 10 foods for good vision These wholesome choices are packed with eye-healthy nutrients.

80 Five easy ways to enrich your dog’s environment Keep him well-rounded with mental stimulation.

86 The healing effects of music The right tunes have a calming effect on canines.

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Grooming

contents 12

53 How to save money at the groomer’s Simple steps to keep grooming costs down.

84 The dos and don’ts of taking your dog to the groomer Etiquette tips to ensure a positive relationship.

Health

Dog-human Interest

32 Mobility for dogs of all ages

42 Canada’s top dogs of social media

How much exercise does your pooch actually need?

50 Is pet insurance right for you? It can be a lifesaver if you’re ever faced with a large vet bill.

56 How to massage your dog

Why these canine darlings are world famous.

60 How old is your dog in human years?

It’s not just relaxing – it also offers important health benefits.

66 Butt scooting Why anal gland problems are such a drag.

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72 Vaccinating safely Should small dogs be vaccinated the same as big dogs?

78 Pot for pets Medical marijuana shows promise for some conditions.

88 Doggie eye care How to keep him seeing clearly.

Training and Behaviour

Departments

12 5 best tips for buying your new puppy

10 Editorial

Helpful advice on how to find your next best friend.

24 Why dogs shake off There’s an interesting health reason for this behaviour!

26 Bringing up baby Advice on potty training, barking, chewing and more.

46 5 best times to train your dog Find out when your dog is most ready to learn.

74 Can dogs learn by just watching and listening? The latest research says “yes”!

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91 Dogspeak

92 Breed Directory The Groups, Purebreds, Rare breeds

163 Spotlight 194 Trainers & Groomers 196 Marketplace 218 Find the 10 differences!

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EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT

ADMINISTRATION

C.C.O. & Editor-in-Chief: Dana Cox

President/CEO: Tim Hockley

Senior Editor: Ann Brightman

Office Manager: Libby Sinden

Writer and Editorial Assistant: Emily Vint

Accounting Manager: Karen Jeffries

Art Director & Senior Graphic Designer: Sylvia Flegg

Webmaster: Brad Vader

Senior Graphic Designer: Dawn Cumby-Dallin Breed Ambassador Photography: Alice Van Kempen Social Media Manager: Maddie Maillet Cover Photography: Yoshihisa Fujita/MottoPet

CONTRIBUTING WRITERS Ann Brightman Kenny Coogan

ADVERTISING SALES National Sales Manager: Tim Hockley, 1.866.764.1212 ext.110 Tim@RedstoneMediaGroup.com Display and Marketplace: Ann Beacom, 1.866.764.1212 ext.222 AnnBeacom@RedstoneMediaGroup.com Becky Starr, 1.866.764.1212 ext.221 Becky@RedstoneMediaGroup.com

Stanley Coren, PhD Dana Cox

Kat Shaw, 1.866.764.1212 ext.315 KatShaw@RedstoneMediaGroup.com

Audi Donamor Kyle Dupont Janice Huntingford, DVM

Breeder Sales: Libby Sinden

Penny Kittlitz Craig Landry, DC

ON THE COVER

Katharine Lark Chrisley

With an instinct to work but a desire to cuddle, this fluffy fellow has as much personality as his little eyebrows suggest. The Bernese Mountain Dog was originally a working dog with roots in Switzerland trained to drive livestock or pull carts due to his strength and size. But as years passed and technology advanced, the breed was no longer required for work, and was preserved and cherished instead for his sweet personality. Loyal and affectionate, he makes a wonderful addition to any family, but still benefits from tasks to keep his mind busy. As our cover dog illustrates, the Bernese is a well-rounded companion who enjoys plenty of play, as well as the leisurely relaxation that follows it.

Steve Marsden, DVM Paul Owens Kim Robinson Becki Selby Jennifer Smith Emily Vint Susan Wagner, DVM

SUBMISSIONS: Please send all editorial material, advertising material, photos and correspondence to: Canadian Dogs Annual, 160 Charlotte St., Suite 202, Peterborough, ON, Canada K9J 2T8. We welcome previously unpublished articles and colour pictures either in transparency or disc form at 300dpi. We cannot guarantee that either articles or pictures will be used or that they will be returned. We reserve the right to publish all letters received. Email your articles to: info@redstonemediagroup.com.

The material in this magazine is not intended to replace the care of veterinary practitioners. The opinions expressed are not necessarily those of the editor, and different views may appear in other issues. Redstone Media Group Inc., publisher of Canadian Dogs Annual, does not promote any of the products or services advertised by a third party advertiser in this publication, nor does Redstone Media Group Inc. verify the accuracy of any claims made in connection with such advertisers.

TO PURCHASE: Copies can be purchased at most major retail outlets

Canadian Dogs Annual is published once a year by Redstone Media Group Inc.. Entire contents copyrightŠ 2016. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted by any means, without prior written permission of the publisher. Publication date: November 2016.

across Canada or online at CDNDogs.ca/order. CDN MAIL: Canadian

Dogs Annual

160 Charlotte St., Suite 202 Peterborough, ON, Canada K9J 2T8

Canadian Dogs Annual is a division of Redstone Media Group.

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Editorial When a community goes to the dogs, good things happen! Twenty-plus years ago, as a single professional, I rented a condominium in downtown Toronto. I loved this particular building because it had trees and a green space outside the front door. I adore animals but I worked long hours so I didn’t have a dog at the time. As fate would have it, though, I lucked into the perfect location for a dog lover. On my first day down to the parking garage, the elevator doors opened and a woman and her West Highland Terrier strolled in. Of course, I made a fuss over the dog and chatted happily with my new neighbour until the duo exited at the lobby. A couple of days later, a Dalmatian boisterously came aboard, dragging his human behind him. Again, the dog was wonderful, greeting all who happened to be riding down with him. My third encounter with a canine tenant made me laugh out loud, because this time it was an Old English Sheepdog who poked his shaggy head through the doors. I saw these dogs and many other breeds in the time I lived there. They were all well socialized and it set the tone for the whole building. Strangers became neighbours because of their canine companions. Seniors were more active because their dogs needed walking. Children in the park learned compassion and trust as they chatted with and pet their new four-legged friends. Residents of every age laughed when the dogs refused to walk past the lobby desk until they received a treat from the kind gentleman on security (who seemed to have a never-ending supply of them). Looking back, I realize that it was during this time that I really learned about the positive effects our dogs have on us, not just individually by loving us unconditionally and helping decrease our blood pressure (among other things), but as a community. They’re like goodwill ambassadors. Dressed in their furry suits, they bring us together and help keep us grounded. I’ve seen it happen over and over through the years with our own dogs in our local neighbourhoods. In this issue of Canadian Dogs Annual, I’d like to take a few moments to celebrate the role our incredible canines play in our lives and in our communities. As always, you’ll find this issue of the Annual – our fifth! – includes a wide variety of information on health, nutrition, lifestyle, grooming and training. We hope it helps guide you in raising a wonderful “goodwill ambassador” of your own!

Best wishes for a wonderful year,

DANA COX

Editor-in-chief 10

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BEST

5

TIPS

for Buying your

NEW PUPPY

Thinking of adding a new puppy to the family? It’s a big decision so it’s always a good idea to get the best advice you can! Check out these 5 tips to

buying your new puppy.

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BEST

Time to Get a Dog Are you starting a new job with crazy hours, planning a move or decorating a nursery? Then you may want to wait before bringing home a new puppy. Dogs go through an adjustment period after being introduced to their new homes and need structure to adapt to the new environment. So pick a time when your routine is established. If you’re ordering a pup from a future litter, try to ensure life is settled by the time your new addition arrives. Remember to consider the other pets in your household as well – if you have another young dog under two years of age or recently adopted a cat, wait a year or two before taking on another commitment. The decision will benefit both you and your current pets, who may still be adjusting. BONUS TIP: While buying your kids a puppy for Christmas might sound wonderful in theory, ensure that all the festive celebrations that take you away from home are out of the way before you surprise them with a new furry friend. That way, your attention can be devoted entirely to your puppy’s well-being. Of course, socializing is important, so your pup will love attention from visitors to your home and will be happy to travel once he’s had time to adjust.

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BEST

Puppy for You There are approximately two hundred dog breeds. You may think a certain breed is the “cutest”, but that doesn’t necessarily mean it’s the right one for you. There are many factors to consider when deciding which puppy to bring into your life, including where you live, how much free time you have, and how active you are. Consider how much time you can devote to grooming (or if regular grooming appointments fit within your budget), if you need a breed that accommodates allergies, if you’re looking for a dog that exudes affection and rarely leaves your side or one that’s a little more independent. If you work 9 to 5 and don’t want to go for long runs in the evening, a less active dog might be perfect. Then again, if you have the means to hire a dog walker for afternoon strolls, you may be able to accommodate that active breed you’ve always wanted. The most important thing is to be honest about your comfort zone and limitations.

BEST

BONUS TIP: Looking for a pup who can double as a running partner? Check out cdndogs.ca/top-dog-foryour-lifestyle/ for a list of dogs best suited for jogging, as well as other top breeds for different lifestyles.

Questions to Ask Before You Buy It goes without saying – an educated buyer is a better buyer. Most breeders love to talk about their dogs so don’t be afraid to ask questions. And expect the breeder to have some questions for you, too! After all, they want to ensure their puppies are placed in the best situations possible. Some must-ask questions you should prepare include:

1. What’s unique about this breed and this litter? No two breeds or litters are exactly alike! Your breeder should know better than anyone how much time your new puppy will require, the usual nature of the breed you’ve chosen, and any sort of special care you may need to provide. Breeders select specific dams and sires with the intent of maintaining or producing specific qualities and characteristics, so ask what the breeder is hoping to achieve with his/her litters. These questions will help determine whether the breed is the right choice for you, or if you’re barking up the wrong tree. Remember that some pups in the litter may not meet show quality standards because of a slight cosmetic difference, such as colouring, but that doesn’t mean they won’t make great family dogs.

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2. Can I see where the puppies are being raised?

Socialization is crucial for puppies. It’s important to make sure the puppy you’re buying has received the adequate amount of affection and care, as this can play a role in his future health and behaviour. While you’re there, ask if you can see the pup’s dam and/or sire, too, to ensure they are in good condition.

3. What paperwork do you provide?

BEST

Registration, please! If you’re buying a “purebred” puppy, your breeder should provide a registration certificate issued by a registering body such as the Canadian Kennel Club. The certified pedigree will provide information on your dog’s ancestry, so you can be sure

he’s a purebred. You may also get information on health clearances and any titles your dog’s ancestors earned.

4. What if it doesn’t work out? Despite your preparation, things sometimes don’t go according to plan. You may experience adjustment or health issues with your puppy, or go through a personal lifestyle change that makes it impossible to keep your dog. Because reputable breeders care very much for the puppies they produce, many will offer an upfront guarantee stating that they’ll take the pup back if such issues arise. If that’s not the case, inquire whether they’re willing to sign a contract. Remember, breeders and buyers have a shared responsibility to ensure the match is in everyone’s best interest!

Way to Ensure a Smooth Transition

Change can be scary. Luckily, there are several things you can do before buying a puppy to make your life easier and help your newest member of the family feel at home! Aside from designating a large chunk of time to pampering your new pup and showing her the lay of the land, ensuring a smooth transition means puppy proofing your house. Tuck in trailing electrical cords, secure loose furniture, check for any toxic items, restrict access to cupboards, and invest in a baby gate to block off restricted areas. If you have kids or other pets, introduce them to their new companion gradually and respectfully. Remember, this experience is new to everyone involved, and can bring out jealous, overexcited and even aggressive behaviours. Be prepared, patient, and understanding in order to ensure the smoothest transition possible.

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BEST

Way to Train Your Puppy Praise, praise, praise! Studies have shown that dogs respond better to positive reinforcement than they do to punishment. Positive reinforcement can include praise, treats and even the awarding of a favourite toy. When teaching your dog, deliver short and uncomplicated commands such as “sit” and “stay”, and reward her within seconds of good behaviour so she associates the reward with the proper action. In terms of what age to train your dog, the earlier you start, the better! It’s surprising how quickly puppies catch on with enough repetition. Things like crate training and housebreaking should be taught immediately after bringing your dog home, whereas walking on a leash without pulling and learning not to bark are behaviours better established once a relationship has been built between you and your furry friend. Attempting to teach your dog too much straightaway can be overwhelming, so take it step by step, and allow your dog time to absorb the information. BONUS TIP: Not sure how to get started? Enrolling your puppy in a training program is a great first step. Look for a positive trainer and don’t be afraid to ask questions about specific training methods.

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BY EMILY VINT

TOP REASONS

E T A T RO

to

your dog’s protein TAKE IT SLOW

As the old saying goes, variety is the spice of life. When it comes to your dog’s diet, variety can also prove a healthier choice for a number of reasons. Whether you change up your dog’s brand of food or simply the recipe or formula on a regular basis, rotating the proteins he consumes will offer a number of benefits.

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When switching your dog’s food, be sure to implement the “blending” technique in order to avoid digestive issues. Mix approximately 25% of the new food in with his current food, gradually increasing the amount to 100% over the period of about a week.

BALANCED DIET We hear a lot about the importance of eating a variety of foods from all four food groups. Believe it or not, the same goes for our dogs! Eating a complete, well-rounded diet aids in the maintenance of good health by ensuring optimal nutrient absorption. Different proteins contain different levels of amino acids and fats, so switching up your dog’s food guarantees a diverse consumption of these nutrients, supporting immunity, digestion, skin and coat health, and muscular strength.

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2017


ALLERGY AVOIDANCE

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Lactose intolerances, gluten sensitivities, peanut allergies – the world is full of people whose bodies disagree with certain foods. Animals, too, can develop allergies with symptoms ranging from itchy skin to vomiting to infections. If your dog eats the same food for a long time, his chances of becoming sensitized to certain ingredients are increased, which can result in an allergic reaction. Rotating your dog’s food can help prevent such intolerances by ensuring the same protein is not in his diet for an extended period of time.

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LIFESTYLE CHANGES You wouldn’t feed baby formula to a teenager, just as you wouldn’t feed an apple to someone who just had their wisdom teeth removed. Like us, dogs undergo a series of lifestyle changes. Age, overall health, and activity level are all factors that contribute to what type of food a dog should be consuming, and these factors are continually going to change throughout the course of his life. Altering the types of proteins he eats will supply him with a diverse assortment of nutrients based on his current lifestyle needs, which are constantly shifting. Younger dogs, for example, should consume foods higher in calories and lower in fibre to cater to their faster metabolisms. During the winter months, dogs can eat foods with a higher vitamin and mineral content to account for the natural deficiency caused by the colder season. CDNdogs.ca

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DIGESTIVE SUPPORT If you’ve ever travelled overseas, you probably know all too well that when foreign food is consumed in large amounts without giving your system time to transition, bad things can happen. The bacteria in a dog’s stomach known as “gut flora” breaks down food and protects from unfamiliar substances. When your dog consumes the same food for the majority of his life, it’s no wonder this army of bacteria becomes a little hostile when all of a sudden something entirely new is introduced. Rotating protein will prepare his belly for other types of food so that when he’s ready for a change, he won’t need to wash down his delicious new meal with doggy Pepto-Bismol.

Q&A How often should I rotate my dog’s protein? Daily, weekly, package by package. The timeline for switching up your dog’s food depends on several factors, including the age, lifestyle, and overall health of your pet. Personal preference comes into play, but if you’re having trouble figuring out an ideal dietary program, consult your vet to determine what rotation schedule works best for you.

What if my dog won’t eat his new food? The tag line for fussy eaters? If at first you don’t succeed, try, try again! If your dog is particular about what type of food he consumes, all the more reason to mix it up! Switching protein sources will prevent boredom and allow you to determine optimal ingredient combinations to ensure tolerance for picky palates and sensitive tummies.

Emily Vint is a writer at Redstone Media Group, and a contributor to Canadian Dogs Annual and Animal Wellness Magazine. With an English Language and Literature degree and a passion for creative writing, Emily always brings an artistic flair to her work. When away from her keyboard, she loves to teach yoga and spend time with her fiancé, as well as her pup, Betsy, and her kitty, Molly.

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FOR WALKING YOUR DOG AT NIGHT BY ANN BRIGHTMAN

If you’re like a lot of people, your busy lifestyle means you sometimes end up walking your dog when it’s dark out. This is especially common during our Canadian winters when daylight hours are short. Dog-walking at night is great – you both need daily exercise, after all! – but when visibility is low, you need to take some extra precautions.

Ann Brightman is Managing Editor for Animal Wellness Magazine and Integrative Veterinary Care Journal. A lifelong animal lover, she has also been a writer and editor for over 25 years. Ann is a member of the Professional Writers Association of Canada and lives in Cobourg, Ontario. 22

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2017

Photo courtesy of: Head-Lites


ON REFLECTION One of the most important things is to make sure you and your dog are going to be visible to passing traffic. Wear lighter-coloured clothes that will show up better at night (black or grey aren’t good choices), ideally with reflective fabrics or trim. Fit your dog out with a jacket, sweater, collar or leash that also incorporates easy-to-see reflective features.

LIGHT THE WAY A flashlight or headlamp will make you even more visible. A handheld flashlight may not be the best option when you’re also holding your dog’s leash, so try a clip-on light. Lights that flash will increase your visibility. For your dog, look for collars or leashes that feature LED lights for maximum visibility. Several companies make reflective gear for your dog as well as LED leashes and collars. Head-Lites (head-lites.com), based in Winona, Ontario, for example, makes durable, high quality LED collars in a range of styles, sizes and lighting colors, from red and purple to blue and green. The electronics run on AAA batteries. See collar on opposite page.

DRESS ACCORDINGLY The night hours, especially those just before the dawn, are the coldest. This can make nighttime walking a welcome relief during the summer, when daytime temps are often too hot for much outdoor exercise. But during the winter, the mercury can quickly plunge after the sun goes down, so make sure both you and your dog are wearing warm, weatherproof apparel. In snowy or icy conditions, boots or a paw protectant will help shield his pads from freezing surfaces.

KEEP HIM LEASHED Always leash your dog when you’re walking at night. When visibility is limited, he can wander out of your sight in no time, which means you can’t keep track of where he is or what he’s doing – he could run in front of a car, get tied up with a skunk, or get into someone’s garbage before you know it.

CONSIDER PERSONAL SAFETY Many people assume they’ll be safer if they have a dog with them when they walk at night. But not all potential human predators are put off by dogs. Play it safe, especially if you’re a woman, by avoiding dark paths and empty parks, and staying in busier, well-illuminated areas.

LEAVE THE TUNES AT HOME When it’s hard to see, you need to rely more on your hearing to know what’s going on around you. Refrain from using headphones when walking your dog at night, so that you can pick up on auditory cues in your environment, such as the sound of a cyclist whizzing up behind you or an animal rustling in the bushes.

TAKE YOUR PHONE Taking a cellphone with you on night walks means you can quickly call for help if you need it.

STICK TO KNOWN ROUTES Nighttime isn’t the right time for exploring new trails and streets. Leave it for the daylight hours, and stick to routes you know best.

NOW YOU CAN ENJOY! Once you’ve taken all the right precautions for your safety and your dog’s, it’s time to relax, step out, and enjoy your walk!

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Why dogs

SHAK E OFF

How often does your dog shake off? Is it a full body shake or just the neck and upper body?

BY CRAIG LANDRY, DC

Our dogs are smarter than we think. We often see them shake off after they wake up from a sleep, or just after they do their stretching. The purpose of this “dry” shakeoff is to mobilize their spines after a period of rest. This rapid rotational movement stimulates the joint capsules to produce synovial fluid, which lubricate joints. Dogs may stop shaking off for a few different reasons. If they have sustained an acute injury to one or more joints they may stop shaking off all of a sudden, whereas senior dogs will progressively decrease the frequency and quality of shake-offs due to stiffness and arthritis.

Dr. Craig Landry earned his Doctor of Chiropractic degree from the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College. He decided to pursue his lifelong ambition to work with animals by becoming a Certified Animal Chiropractor. He graduated from the Veterinary Chiropractic Learning Centre – Canada’s sole Animal Chiropractic program approved by the American Veterinary Chiropractic Association. Dr. Landry practices at a well-established human/animal chiropractic practice in Toronto.

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OVC Pet Trust to help create world-class facility The Ontario Veterinary College (OVC) at the University of Guelph is home to Canada’s first charitable fund solely dedicated to improving the health of companion animals: OVC Pet Trust.

In 2016, OVC Pet Trust proudly celebrates 30 years of giving back to our four-legged friends and the special bond between people and their pets. Through the tremendous dedication of our volunteers and generosity of pet owners, their veterinary caregivers, friends and other supporters, we have raised over $20 million to advance pet care options, and improve the quality of our pets’ lives. OVC is part of a top comprehensive university that has a long history of solving complex health problems in animals, and ranks fourth in the world, and best in Canada, for veterinary science. Pet Trust donors have helped fund innovative discoveries which

BY KIM ROBINSON

have led to major improvements in veterinary medicine, including anesthesia and pain control, heart treatment and monitoring techniques, infection control, and advancing cancer diagnosis and treatment. Our latest endeavour is to help create a new world-class facility, raise the standard of care, and provide the most advanced surgical options, pain control, diagnoses and treatment in Canada. The new facilities will include leading-edge technology with specialized areas for surgery, anesthesia and recovery. The impact will be far reaching as we educate and equip the veterinary specialists of the future with the latest knowledge and techniques. Because the animal companions in our lives mean so much to us – whether we live with them, care for them professionally or simply love them – we want them to have the best care possible.

Kim Robinson is the Managing Director of OVC Pet Trust, a charitable fund dedicated to ensuring our pets live longer healthier lives through learning, healthcare and discovery. Her canine companion is a very energetic, two-year-old mixed breed puppy named Juno.

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BABY

BRINGING

UP

BY ANN BRIGHTMAN AND DANA COX

Advice on potty training, chewing, walking and more!

That sweet face, those adorable kisses, that unmistakable puppy breath! A new puppy brings so much joy into a home. As with any baby, though, you need to prepare for that little bundle of energy. Puppies need a lot of patience as well as loads of affection when you’re teaching them how to grow into responsible dogs. Check out these indispensable tips on the following pages.

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“The most important advice with housetraining a puppy is that it should be errorless,” says veterinarian and animal behaviourist Dr. Ian Dunbar. “One mistake means there will be more, so you need to implement a training program the moment you bring the puppy home.” The best way to do this is to keep your new friend in a confinement area unl he’s completely housebroken. At night, or when you have to be away, put him in a bathroom or other small area with his bed, water, chew toys and a doggy toilet in the form of training pads. “The purpose of the confinement is to prevent mistakes around the house and to allow the puppy to train himself to use his toilet,” says Dr. Dunbar.

MOST COMMON TIMES FOR GOING POTTY: • Soon after waking • After a meal • After a play or training session • When excited

During the day when you’re home, keep the puppy near you, on a lead, and take him out every hour. “Each me he goes, give him a treat. This teaches him that if he waits unl you’re around before he goes, he can cash in on it for something to eat!” You can also use a command such as “Go poy” or “Go pee” to reinforce the acon. Prey soon your puppy will be going to the bathroom on command because he knows there’s praise and/or a treat involved. Once you feel your puppy is housetrained, gradually increase the size of the confinement area unl he finally has the run of the house. “If he makes a mistake, simply take him back to step one and start over,” says Dr. Dunbar.

Technology is giving dogs an extra edge these days. There are a number of training th de devices on the market, including this one by Gotta Potty, that lets you know when your dog is at the door to go out. yo

Mistakes happen. Make sure you’re prepared with a good cleaning product. There are many pet- and environmentally-friendly products available, like the Earth Rated Stain and Odor Remover, which uses a bioenzymatic formula to naturally eliminate urine bacteria.

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Walking on a leash Teaching your puppy to walk on a leash without pulling is simpler than you might think. Begin by choosing a comfortable collar that’s not too ght (avoid choke chains) and invest in a good quality leash. 1. First, teach the puppy to walk with you off-leash. “Start with what I call following exercises,” says Dr. Dunbar. “Get the puppy to follow you around the house. Once he has this aracon towards you, it will be much easier to teach him to walk on a leash.” 2. Teach the puppy to heel and sit off-leash, using treats to help him learn the commands. “Start with short heel/sit sequences, then take longer walks around the house with turns and changes of speed.” 3. Put the leash on the puppy and pracce the heel command. You can do this indoors or in your backyard. 4. Finally, pracce walking the puppy on a leash. Remember to use the heel and sit commands when needed, and reward him with praise or a treat. Sck to the house or garden unl he has it down pat.

Chewing Renowned trainer and TV personality Victoria Stilwell warns against scolding a puppy or dog if he has an accident in the house. In her book, Train Your Dog Positively (Ten Speed Press), she recommends verbally interrupting your dog with a controlled “ohoh” if you catch him in the act. Punishing a puppy for an accident will often backfire. “The punisher becomes someone to be feared, and the pup will then be inclined to either toilet in secret or hold himself until the person is out of sight,” says Victoria. “This does not bode well for those who want their dogs to toilet when out on a walk!”

Dana Cox is the co-founder, Chief Creative Officer and editor-in-chief of Redstone Media Group, which publishes Canadian Dogs Annual, Animal Wellness Magazine, Equine Wellness Magazine and Integrative Veterinary Care Journal, and associated websites. She regularly attends veterinary conferences to stay apprised of leading edge and best practices therapies and modalities. Dana lives in Peterborough, ON with her husband and fellow co-founder, Tim Hockley, and their family, which includes two children, a dog and a cat.

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Your new puppy needs to chew, but how do you prevent him from demolishing shoes, table legs and your children’s toys? The best way is to turn him into what Dr. Dunbar calls a “chew toyaholic.” Begin by introducing him to chew toys as soon as you bring him home, and put them in his confinement area so he always has something to gnaw on. “Play is everything,” says Dr. Dunbar. “It’s how an animal learns which behaviours are appropriate and which are not.” It’s therefore vital to provide your lile one with lots of toys, and to engage him in interacve play as oen as possible. Choose toys made from non-toxic materials, and without any small parts that could be chewed off and swallowed.


Barking It’s fine for your puppy to bark when someone rings the doorbell, but you don’t want the noise to connue once your guest is inside. Praise your puppy for leng you know someone is at the door, then tell him to sit and shush by holding a treat under his nose. Once he obeys your command, reward him with the treat.

Jumping on people Having a dog jumping all over you can try the paence of even the most ardent animal lover, and can even be dangerous in cases where the dog grows large enough to knock over a child or elderly person. It’s therefore important to train your puppy from an early age not to leap up at people. “Have sing as the default seng for greeng people,” says Dr. Dunbar. A dog jumps up because he expects to get peed, but if you refuse to do so unl he’s sing quietly, he’ll learn that jumping won’t reap any rewards.

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of the ro

A TRAVEL CHECKLIST

FOR YOUR DOG

ad

Planning a trip? An increasing number of accommodations are opening their doors to guests and their dogs – so it’s easier than ever to take your furry friend along with you. Remember, if you do plan to travel with your dog, socializing and crate training him at an early age will make him a better traveller.

BY ANN BRIGHTMAN

Here’s a checklist to ensure you’re prepared for a stress-free trip with your furry buddy: C ahead to make reservations, Call a and to find out if there are any re restrictions on the size and number of animals the accommodation will accept. Some won’t take dogs over a certain weight. Ask about rates, and what amenities the management provides for its animal guests. Some offer blankets, towels, bowls, and/or toys, but others don’t; knowing beforehand will help you decide what to pack.

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Have an exercise strategy. Tired dogs behave better than those with excess energy. A hotel on the highway might not be able to accommodate your dog’s needs and no one wants Rover romping through lobbies and corridors. Ask about trails and parks nearby.


Remember to pack doggie bags and wipes. Disposable pet-friendly wipes or a towel are handy for wiping muddy paws before entering the lobby.

If you’re driving, pack your dog’s bed. Most places don’t want dog hair on their beds or chairs. Having his own bed will give him a sense of familiarity too.

Pack some safe, clean chew toys so he won’t be tempted to try his teeth out on a table leg. Give him one at a time and rotate them so he doesn’t become bored. Pack a placemat for dog food and water dishes so you don’t have to put them on carpeting.

Be prepared for emergencies. Remember your doggie first aid kit and check to see if there’s a 24-hour vet clinic near where you’re staying.

Unless you’re in your room or a designated off-lead area, keep your d dog d on a leash, indoors and out. Short leads work better indoors than S extendable leads. e CDNdogs.ca

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Mobility for dogs of all ages

BY JANICE HUNTINGFORD, DVM, DACVSMR, CVA, CVPP, CCRT CAVCA

Exercise is great for dogs of all ages. But keep in mind that too much exercise can be just as dangerous as too little, depending on your dog’s age, development, condition and fitness level.

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Mobility in puppies Puppies definitely need exercise! It builds strong bones and joints, and also benefits the pup’s mind. It is important to remember, though, that puppies are not just miniature dogs. Exercise that isn’t appropriate for a puppy’s age or stage of development can do damage to developing bones and joints.

The perfect puppy workout Puppies do not have the endurance for long walks. They exercise in short bursts and then rest. Until they are mature, they do not have the ability to build up their cardiovascular systems and increase their aerobic capacity. “Appropriate exercise” is the key. Avoid long walks and hikes and vigorous exercise until your puppy is skeletally mature. This could be anywhere from 11 months to two years of age, depending on his size and breed. Until then, allow lots of free play, sniffing and exploring, and let your puppy do it on her own terms. You can start agility with your puppy AFTER 12 months of age. Even then, only low jumping (no higher than the

puppy’s wrist) is advised until 18 months, when she can graduate to elbow-high jumping. Provide a soft landing for your puppy if she’s jumping off couches or beds – train her to jump onto a dog bed or discourage jumping completely until she is just a bit older. Large breed puppies should avoid climbing stairs until over three months of age because research shows it can increase the development of hip dysplasia. Off leash walking over low hills, on the other hand, helps decrease the incidence of hip dysplasia, so feel free to do lots of that.

Diet for puppy mobility Pay close attention to your puppy’s nutrition. Overweight puppies and those who grow too quickly can have bone, ligament and tendon problems. If you have a large breed pup, use a large breed puppy food with adequate protein, proper levels of calcium (not too much or too little) and moderate calories. Too much nutrition at this age can set the puppy up for a lifetime of joint problems.

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The adult diet for mobility What about when your puppy grows up? Healthy diets that are lower in carbohydrates carbohydratees and contain adequate protein stave off obesity and muscle loss, so look for a food that will deliver what your adult dog needs. Enhance joint health by adding an Omega 3 fatty acid supplement in the form of fish oil, not flaxseed oil, at appropriate doses. Supplements containing un-denaturated collagen Type II or UC-II are great for aging pets. Hyaluronic acid, methylsulfonylmethane (MSM), boswellia, devil’s claw, avacodo-soy unsaponifiables, and some glucosamine/chondroitin supplements are also good for this group of canines.

The adult dog’s needs As your dog ages, exercise is crucial to avoid obesity, prevent osteoarthritis, and provide mental stimulation. Most dogs need a minimum of 20 minutes of sustained exercise three to four times a week to prevent arthritis. Daily exercise is best. Incorporating low impact exercises such as low hill walking and swimming is great for dogs who have a bit of arthritis. Since animals can suffer from “weekend warrior syndrome” as well, don’t overdo it!

PUPPY BONES – WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW Puppy bones have “growth plates”. These areas of the bone have rapidly growing cells and are responsible for long bone growth. Once the puppy goes through puberty, the growth plates close and become a strong, stable part of the bone. While the puppy is growing, however, these areas are soft and can be injured by excess exercise or force on the bones. Puppy bones, in general, are softer than adult dog bones, which means puppies are more susceptible to fractures than grown dogs. As well, the outside layer of the bone is stronger than the elastic part of the inner bone, so exercises that cause bone twisting could result in fractures in your puppy.

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Keep senior dogs moving Exercising geriatric dogs can prove both challenging and rewarding. For this group, “low”, “slow” and “frequent” are the buzz words. An ideal regimen consists of 20 to 30 minutes daily, with walks over sticks or logs to engage the core and challenge proprioception (lack of body perception that causes improper placement of limbs). Swimming is great for older dogs as it helps with joints and maintains cardiovascular fitness. The supplements mentioned previously, plus injections of polyglycosaminoglycans can work well for seniors, while regular visits to the veterinary chiropractor, acupuncturist, massage therapist or canine rehab practitioner can keep these pets tuned up and moving well. You can also consider laser therapy and stretching exercises. Don’t forget about using boots, leg and hock wraps, braces or assistive harnesses if your pet needs a bit of help to get moving. Some of my favourite assistive devices have handles for the back and the front of the dog and allow good mobility for a pet that may have otherwise been down and unable to walk. Dogs with severe mobility challenges may require wheelchairs or carts. These should be properly fitted by a practitioner who knows how they operate and how a dog should move in this assistive device. Note: Mobility devices can include leg and hock wraps, such as those offered by Back on Track (backontrackproducts.com) which helps alleviate pain in muscles, ligaments, tendons and joints by reflecting a dog’s own body-warmth. Supplements are helpful to prevent and treat mobility-related problems. When issues arise, targeted formulas, including Recovery SA (purica.com), can help with chronic pain.

Braces and wheelchairs, like this one from Canadian Animal Rehab Services, mean dogs can still live life to the fullest while they’re recovering from joint, spinal or other injuries, or when mobility is restricted due to age. For more info. on short- and long-term assistive devices, visit animalrehab.on.ca.

Dr Janice Huntingford is a 1984 graduate of the Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, and a Board Certified Specialist (Diplomate) in Canine Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine (DACVSMR), only one of three in Canada. She is certified in Animal Chiropractic,

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Animal Acupuncture, and Chinese Herbal Medicine, and is a Certified Veterinary Pain Practitioner. In 2007, Dr. Huntingford opened Ontario’s first salt water canine therapy pool and canine rehabilitation centre at her clinic, Essex Animal Hospital, in Essex, ON.


Gina

CEO (Cookie Eating Officer) & Honorary Vice President

AROMATHERAPY FOR YOUR DOG? When you open up a bag of Woof Works Gourmet Cookies, one of the first things you’ll notice is the overwhelming aroma that escapes from the package!

While there are other cookies on the market that are labeled as gluten free, Woof Works are the first and only ones that are CERTIFIED! “Health, wellness and pet nutrition are growing trends that dog owners have started to pay close attention to because of the growing number of dog allergies and illnesses. All too often, dog owners are now finding out that the root of the problem is allergy triggering ingredients contained in the dog food and dog treats they have been feeding their canine friends. Woof Works Gourmet Cookies has eliminated the unnecessary ingredients offering (3) limited ingredient dog cookies based on human

flavours that are suitable for virtually all dogs!” ~ Tracy Kyle Founder/President As far as the aromatherapy, it could be, but fact is, it’s just a healthy cookie that dogs love and dog owners can trust! Made in Canada, Woof Works Gourmet Cookies are free of wheat, corn soy, dairy, salt, sugar and by products! You can learn more about Woof Works Gourmet Cookies online at www.woofworkscookies.com How good are Woof Works Gourmet Cookies? The evidence is in the bag!

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How to

CHOOSE THE BEST

TRAINING TREATS BY ANN BRIGHTMAN We all love to be rewarded for a job well done and our dogs are no different. Through positive training methods, we can teach our pups how to behave appropriately in a variety of situations, using something they love – treats! Since training is a step-by-step process, and you’ll go through a lot of treats, it’s important to have the right ones ready to go. Make sure they’re healthy and nutritious, as well as delicious, and that they won’t lead to weight gain. The treats should be small, and convenient to carry and handle. An ideal training treat is no bigger than a nickel, and should be low in calories but also palatable and highly valued by the dog. Remember that you’ll be giving your dog multiple treats during a training session, so they shouldn’t cause him to gain weight. Another trick – count the treats as part of your dog’s daily diet so you don’t overfeed at meal time. You can easily make your own training treats at home (see recipe on page 40). If you prefer to buy them, be sure to steer clear of cheap commercial products that may look and smell tasty, but which have next to no food value and are usually filled with additives, artificial colors and flavours, by-products, and other questionable and harmful ingredients, often from China. The fillers and bad carbs in these treats also contribute to obesity, dental problems and other health issues. Lots of companies specialize in premium quality treats that are safe, natural, healthy and highly palatable – see page 39 for some shopping options. Many make small or bitesized treats, perfect for training. It usually takes numerous tries before a dog catches on to what you want him to do, so look for treats that will contribute to his well-being. You may find him learning in record time!

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TREATS

Shop for QUALITY training treats

Many common foods can be cut up and used as training treats. You’ll need to experiment to find which ones your dog likes best.

• Training treats are generally soft, small and smelly, according to

FROM THE KITCHEN Small chunks of raw fruit and vegetables such as apples, carrots, broccoli and green beans are good examples – but not grapes, raisins or onions, which are toxic to dogs. Blueberries are also an ideal choice – and you don’t have to cut them up! Bite-sized pieces of cooked lean meat or poultry are very popular as training treats. You can use chicken, turkey, beef, lamb, etc., all of which are highly coveted by most dogs. Bits of cheese are another training treat favourite with many people, and dogs love it. But too much cheese can cause digestive upsets, so don’t make it a habitual treat. Home-baked dog biscuits and cookies are a great choice for those who love to cook. You have control over the ingredients, and over the size and shape of the treats. The Animal Wellness Natural Cookbook for Dogs (animalwellnessmagazine.com/ cookbook) includes a number of healthy treat recipes.

REWARD FOR A JOB WELL DONE After a successful training session, you might want to reward your dog with something different. A treat that cleans his teeth, for example, would be perfect. Natural Dental Chews for Dogs from PetzLife (petzlife.com) are especially formulated to enhance dental

Dogs Love Kale (dogslovekale.com). They offer several savoury treats that dogs find tasty: Beef and Apple, Chicken and Sweet Potato, and Turkey and Salmon. The company says their Turkey and Salmon treats are the favourite among dog trainers.

• The more natural the ingredients, the healthier the treat. Vitalife makes a line of all-natural treats made with a minimum of simple, wholesome ingredients (vitalifemadewithlove.com). For example, their Chicken Chips are made from premium baked chicken, nothing else added, while the Sweet Potato and Duck Twists are baked from just that – sweet potato and duck.

• Treats made with fruit and veggies are low in calories. Züküdla’s Dog Biscotti (zukudla.com) is a high quality treat available in healthy pumpkin or banana flavours, both of which dogs love. The treats are suitable for all life stages, and are easy to digest, making them a good choice for training purposes.

• Many commercial treats carry very little nutrition because they include poor quality, highly processed ingredients. LifeForce’s Super Strips are nutritious jerky-style treats made from allCanadian raw ingredients – hormone-free organic beef or chicken along with fresh veggies (lifeforcepet.com). The treats are cool airdried to preserve their nutritional value, and are highly palatable to dogs. Just break off what you need.

• If your pup has a wheat allergy, Woof Works Gourmet Cookies (woofworkscookies.com) are certified gluten-free baked dog treats, made from simple low-fat ingredients such as apple sauce, coconut flour, honey, cranberries and peppermint.

• A range of healthy treat options good for training are also available from Village Fare (villagefare.ca).

health, cleaning your dog’s teeth and freshening his breath, while also being low in calories and easy to digest. They’re made from wholesome ingredients like brown rice flour, chicken, flaxseed, sweet potatoes and dental-healthy herbs such as parsley, peppermint and thyme. For a longer-lasting treat, a natural antler chew is another good choice. Antler Guyz (antlerguyz.ca) is a Canadian company that offers natural elk and deer antler chews for dogs – these treats are made from naturally-shed antlers, so the animals aren’t harmed.

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RECIPE

Topsy Turkey Training Treats* INGREDIENTS 2 cups “stewed” turkey or chicken (see below) 1 clove garlic (optional), minced 1 tablespoon grated Parmesan cheese 1 tablespoon fresh Italian parsley or curly parsley 2 eggs 2 cups whole flour of your choice (e.g. oat, barley, spelt, Red Fife, chickpea, hemp, or a combination) 2 tablespoons olive oil

Stewed Turkey or Chicken Boil the remains of a turkey or chicken carcass and scrape off all remaining meat into the broth. For the recipe, use all the meat and broth to make up the 2 cups. Do not use the bones.

INSTRUCTIONS Preheat oven to 350°F. In a food processor or blender, combine the stewed turkey or chicken with all the other ingredients until dough pulls away from the sides of the bowl. Turn the dough out onto a floured board or onto parchment paper and knead well – about 12 times. Let the dough stand for about 10 minutes, then roll it out to about 1/2“ thickness, and cut into desired shapes and sizes. For training treats, keep the size very small (in proportion to their size), since your dog will likely be consuming a lot of them! You can also form the dough into small balls and pat them down with a fork on a baking sheet. Bake for 15-20 minutes, depending on size, then turn the oven down to 175°F and bake for 30-40 more minutes. Turn off oven and allow the treats to cool and harden. Store cooled treats in an airtight container or zipped plastic bag in the refrigerator. You can also freeze these treats. *Recipe from The Animal Wellness Natural Cookbook for Dogs. Available at animalwellnessmarket.com/cookbook or on Amazon.ca

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S ’ A D A CAN TOP DOGS

L A I C O S

MEDIA BY KYLE DUPONT If your social media feeds feature an endless stream m of cute puppies and playful hounds, you’re in good company! Millions of animal lovers the world over spend endless hours looking at adorable pics and hilarious videos of their favourite pooches. So, who are Canada’s social media top dogs? Meet a few of these distinctive characters here.

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Smiley

the Blind Therapy Dog - Toronto, ON facebook.com/ smileytheblindtherapydog/ Born without eyes in a puppy mill, Smiley was rescued at the age of two and never looked back. Despite his disability and rough start, this happy Golden Retriever loves flashing his contagious smile. Now a senior, Smiley works as a certified child therapy dog with St. John Ambulance. Photos By: Dorothy Puddester of Hooves and Paws Photography

Crusoe

the Celebrity Dachshund - Ottawa, ON facebook.com/crusoedachshund/ One of the hottest trending dogs in the social media world, Crusoe comes straight out of the nation’s capital. This handsome Dachshund lives a life of royalty; making red carpet appearances and starring as the spokes-dog for a shopping list of companies. One of his biggest hits, a road hockey video with his pal Oakley, has been viewed over 50,000,000 times!

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HOW TO MAKE YOUR DOG A SOCIAL MEDIA ICON Does your dog have what it takes to be the next big thing? These five tips will help get your pup off on the right paw to social media stardom! 1. Grab a camera – Thanks to cell phones, we have a camera attached to us at all times. So next time you’re out on a mini adventure, don’t forget to capture the moment.

Photo by: Andrew Knapp

2. Set up an account – With so many different social media streams, its can be exhausting. We recommend picking one that fits your lifestyle and start posting! 3. Be original and creative – Every dog has a distinctive personality and little quirks. Try and find what stands out for your pooch, and run with it. 4. Make connections – Start following other social media darlings and talk with their humans. This will help you pick up some great tricks for your toolbox. 5. Engage with your followers – It’s impossible to respond to every comment, but it is important to interact with your followers when you can. Listen to what they say; it will go a long way in helping you grow your following.

Momo - Sudbury, ON M gofindmomo.com/ facebook.com/gofindmomo

Where’s Momo? You can crown this Border Collie the king of hide-and-go-seek. He and his human travel coast-to-coast playing an epic game called Find Momo, and share all their shenanigans with their fans along the way. You thought Waldo was hard to find, just try and find Momo in a pile of stuffed animals!

- Vancouver, BC instagram.com/ifitwags/ facebook.com/thepointerbrothers/ The Instagram darlings of Canada, German Shorthaired Pointers Gus and Travis burst onto the country’s social media scene with hilarious costumes and photogenic looks, garnering close to 240,000 followers. Travis recently passed away, but Gus continues to carry the torch alongside a number of fosters his humans have helped find forever homes for.

Mr. Marcel

- London, ON instagram.com/ mr.marcel/

Photo by: Samantha man antha thaa Clipperton th Cliipp Cl ppper errtton on

The P Pointer B Brothers

His impeccable style simply puts a smile on your face. Born to be in front of the camera, Mr. Marcel’s devilish good looks

With a background in journalism and a keen insight into the landscape of new media, Kyle Dupont has an innate ability to sniff out trending topics and hot news stories. Kyle lives in Peterborough, ON with his partner, Kate, an American Foxhound named Ernie, a mixed breed called Gwyneth, and two cats, Franny and Zooey. 44

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propelled him into social media stardom and helped him rack up close to 50,000 followers. Away from the camera, you can usually find this French Bulldog clowning around with follow Canadian Instagram stars @iggyjoey and @pompomchewy.


Advertorial

Maximizing pet nutrition with

Optimum Combinations of ingredients

S

ound nutrition is probably the most important contribution to good health in your dog or cat. It’s a way of building wellness from the inside out. By choosing natural, high quality, whole meat-based recipes free of the things you don’t want in your food, you’re helping to ensure your pet stays strong and healthy throughout his life. Proper nutrition does everything from improving skin and digestive health, to maintaining energy levels, balancing immunity and even preventing disease. Happily, premium pet food companies abound nowadays, and they offer consumers with healthy, good quality pet food options. Among the companies that offer high quality natural recipes is Nutram, based in Elmira, Ontario and with distribution in both Canada and the US. “We start with all-natural recipes, using meat grown without the use of hormones,” says Brand Manager Heather McKay. “We focus on ingredients that people can pronounce, such as whole foods, herbs and spices. Each recipe is naturally preserved to ensure freshness as well as quality.” The company offers natural and holistic recipes for dogs and cats – but it doesn’t stop there. Each recipe also provides Optimum Combinations™, which are two ingredients that when paired together complement one another’s benefits.

“Our team of nutritionists and holistic experts pair ingredients to ensure animals receive the maximum nutritional benefits of each ingredient, plus the advantages of their combination,” says Heather. “For example, lamb and pumpkin are both beneficial for better digestion. Pumpkin has great soluble fiber content, whereas lamb is an easy-to-digest protein.” Every dog and cat is different in terms of age, size, and dietary requirements, so a food that’s ideal for one dog or cat might not be ideal for another. To make the recipe selection easier for the pet parent, Nutram has developed the Nutram Number®. To determine your pet’s Nutram Number®, there is a short online quiz about your animal’s life stage, their size (for dogs), and grain preference. It then lets you click on the special needs your pet might have, such as sensitivities or weight concerns, and ends by giving you one or more suggestions for the Nutram recipe suggested for your pet. For example, a wholesome grain recipe for a large-sized puppy points you to Nutram Number® S3, the Nutram Sound Balanced Wellness Large Breed Puppy Food. What about an adult cat with a grain-free preference and no special pet wellness needs? The pet parent has a flavor choice between T22 Nutram Total Grain-Free Turkey, Chicken & Duck Cat Food or T24 Nutram Total Grain-Free Salmon & Trout Cat Food.

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times to train

YOUR DOG BY PAUL OWENS

Take advantage of these ideal times for training to keep your dog sharp and well-behaved, and strengthen your bond of friendship.

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# Before the morning “E”s There are three things dogs want to do in the morning: eliminate, eat and explore (the three “E”s). Use this time to practice training by asking your dog to sit, lie down or stay before granting his desires.

#

During the day “captures” Capturing the behaviours your dog spontaneously performs is one of the easiest and quickest methods you can use to train him. Simply watch him, and whenever he does something you want, praise him and toss him a treat. Over time, he will start offering the behaviours more frequently. Then it’s simply a matter of weaning him off the treats.

Remember to jackpot the “aha” moment when the dog finally “gets” what the game is. An example is when a guest walks in the door and your dog, without being asked, pauses, lies down and looks at you. Super praise and multiple treats should rain from the heavens! That’s a jackpot.

THE SIX “CAPTURE” BEHAVIOURS WE STRESS:

• Sitting • Lying down • Going to bed • Picking up a toy • Walking by your side • “Checking in”

(the most important – whenever your dog glances up at you before doing anything)

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#

During the day “cues” You don’t want to have to carry treats around with you for the rest of your life. So ask your dog to do one of the behaviours you’ve been capturing throughout the day and use “life rewards” instead. Life rewards are anything your dog wants that isn’t food:

• Want to go outside? Sit first. • Want to chase the ball? Lie down first. • Want to get on my bed? Go to your bed first. • Want to sniff the fire hydrant? Walk ten steps by my side first.

• Want to go for a ride? Get me a beer out of the fridge.

If you don’t train Consider the flip side. If you don’t work on your dog’s training, he’s likely to become “self-employed” by turning into an unwanted gardener, home decorator, clothing designer (i.e. destroyer) and official protector of the castle. It’s much easier and fun for both of you to teach your dog what you want him to do, rather than try to take his self-employment away.

#

Immediately after an unwanted behaviour If your dog steals food off the table, runs out the door or jumps on you, it indicates one of two problems – the behaviour has not been properly managed/prevented, or you haven’t taught the dog an appropriate substitute behaviour. Prevention and management refer to the proper use of tethers, baby gates and exercise pens. Substitution simply entails teaching the dog what you’d like him to do instead. The 60 seconds immediately following an unwanted behaviour is the perfect time for training – it’s fresh in your mind and in your dog’s. Taking one minute to teach your dog to “leave it” when food is placed on the table, or to lie down and stay when the door opens, helps both of you become more aware. In short order, the new behaviour becomes more reliable.

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# The witching hours Parents often call the hours between 4 pm and 9 pm the “witching hours” because they notice a real energy uptick in their children. In the canine world, it’s called the “crepuscular” time. Think of it as the time of day when Mother Nature is screaming in your dog’s ear: “Your ancestors were wolves! Go hunting!” The trick is for you to harness your dog’s sudden burst of energy and use it as a training opportunity. Take your dog for walks or runs, play hide-and-seek or fetch, and teach him to hunt treats around the house or yard. All these are easier when your dog is already geared for action. Use an “off switch” to help your dog wind down by saying something like “that’s it” or “all done” and have him run to his bed and lie down. Then get a longlasting treat like a good quality bully stick or a treat-filled rubber chew toy to dissipate the last bit of energy. Paul Owens began training dogs in 1972. He is a member of the Association of Professional Dog Trainers, and a leading proponent of positive, nonviolent animal training. He is author of The Dog Whisperer and The Puppy Whisperer and is featured on the Dog Whisperer DVDs, Volumes One and Two. Paul is also director of the Raise with Praise Teacher Training Program, and the founder/director of the children’s afterschool violence prevention program, Paws for Peace.

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IS PET INSURANCE

RIGHT FOR YOU?

BY JENNIFER SMITH When you bring a new dog into your home, it seems unimaginable that there might be costly, unexpected

vet bills in your future. But the reality is, accidents

happen,

diseases

occur,

and

sicknesses crop up. How you plan to cover those expenses is something well worth considering long before you are in the vet’s office debating between your dog’s health and your financial situation. To lessen the monetary stress of unplanned veterinary care, pet insurance might be the answer for you.

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PET INSURANCE 101 Having pet insurance for your dog is similar to having auto insurance for your car. If something happens to your vehicle, you know your insurance company will cover the costs of necessary repairs. Likewise, if your dog is properly insured, your pet insurance provider will cover most of the costs associated with emergency medical expenses.

SETTING UP A PET SAVINGS ACCOUNT While some may choose to set aside funds specifically for their dog’s health, most people find it difficult to earmark money for vet bills that haven’t happened yet. “No one can plan when their pet will fall ill or have an accident,” says Randy Valpy, the “Top Dog” at Pets Plus Us Insurance. “Some people will recommend that you set up a pet savings account, putting $25 or so per month into a separate bank account instead of purchasing pet insurance. The downside of this is that you may have only saved for two months, meaning you have $50 saved, but are suddenly faced with a $5,000 vet bill.”

THE COST OF PET INSURANCE According to the North American Pet Health Insurance Association (NAPHIA) Industry Report for 2016, the average Canadian pet insurance holder pays roughly $15 a month for basic accident-only insurance, and around $45 for accident and illness plans. In many cases, pet insurance providers will cover a large percentage of your vet bill for accidents, injuries and illnesses, which can translate into thousands of dollars in savings. Most pet insurance companies offer customizable plans for your dog specific both to their requirements and your financial ability. Although Valpy advises that it is best to get your dog insured while he is young and at his healthiest, you can certainly insure him at any life stage. Pet insurers have coverage to satisfy the tiniest of puppies and the most senior dogs. From basic accident-only packages to the more complete wellness coverage, your pet insurance provider will have a plan that best suits your needs.

Top Ten HEALTH ISSUES typically covered by PET INSURANCE* 1

Otitis externa (chronic inflammation of the ear canal)

2

Diarrhea

3

Gastroenteritis

4

Fractures

5

Eye infection/conjunctivitis/ulcers

6

Cruciate rupture (rear leg torn ligament)

7

Allergies/skin problems/dermatitis

8

Internal parasites

9

Foreign body ingestion/toxic ingestion

10

Behavioural issues/anxiety

*courtesy Randy Valpy, Pets Plus Us Insurance

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How do I know which PET INSURANCE provider is right for me? Choosing the right pet insurance company doesn’t have to be overwhelming. The best way to find out which one is right for you is to ask questions, get quotes, and make comparisons.

• Does your dog require a veterinary exam before enrollment, and every year that he is insured? Is the first exam covered?

Some questions to consider before choosing your pet insurance provider:

• How long does it take the company to process claims and remit your money?

• What’s covered? What’s not covered? (E.g. cancer, congenital or hereditary diseases, dental care, etc.)

• Is the policy easy to understand?

• Are there caps applied (per incident, per year, or for the lifetime of your dog)? • How much is the co-insurance? Insurers rarely cover 100% of the claim so will you get back 90%, 70% or some other amount? • What is the amount of the deductible, and is it yearly or per incident? • How much will the premium, coverage and deductibles increase as your dog ages? Do premiums increase for any other reasons?

• Does the potential insurer get good customer reviews?

• How long after you enroll do you have to wait before coverage begins? Although it means doing a bit of homework, the end result will be a pet insurance provider that satisfies both you and your dog. You are in the driver’s seat, after all. Remember: insurance companies want your business as much as you want protection for your pooch. By asking a few questions and doing some research, you could be well on your way to a little financial peace of mind should the unthinkable happen.

A quick history of pet insurance Insuring animals has been around since the 1890s, but it wasn’t until 1982 that the concept of pet insurance was introduced to North America. TV’s favourite dog, Lassie, was the very first canine insured, and a few years later, Canada had its first insurance provider.

quality animal care within the realm of pet insurance. Thus, the North American Pet Health Insurance Association was born, and thanks in part to their hard work, there are now many quality pet insurance options available for your furry friend.

As demand increased for pet coverage, more pet insurance companies joined the marketplace, making it necessary to form a governing body to ensure good vet practices and

Jen Smith is a freelance writer, editor, and blogger who recently moved with her family to Peterborough, ON. You can check out her latest adventures at mudonherboots.com.

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CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2017


HOW TO

$AVE MONEY

at the groomer’s BY BECKI SELBY

BOOK (AND KEEP!) REGULAR APPOINTMENTS This will help avoid extra fees related to de-matting, de-shedding, and extra brushing. As an added bonus, regular appointments can help your dog become more comfortable with the grooming process, reducing the chances of being charged a handling fee for a nippy or uncooperative dog.

HAVE REASONABLE EXPECTATIONS

BRUSH YOUR DOG BETWEEN G ROOMS

If your dog hates being brushed, opt for a shorter, more manageable style. This will be easier on both your dog and groomer and you’ll avoid extra de-matting and handling charges.

Maintaining your dog’s coat is a great way to keep him from getting matted. It’s also an opportunity to check for any physical changes or injuries as well as fleas and ticks. Most groomers charge extra for flea baths and tick removal.

CHOOSE THE RIG HT STYLE FOR YOUR BUDGET

SHOW UP ON TIME AND ON THE RIG HT DAY This will help you avoid late or missed appointment fees.

If having your dog groomed every four to six weeks is not in the budget, try going with a shorter style that will last longer between grooms. See your groomer between haircuts for tidy-up appointments; many groomers offer these at discounted prices. Don’t be shy about asking your groomer for tips on how to maintain the coat at home.

Becki Selby owns a busy grooming salon in Peterborough, Ontario and serves as a sales consultant for an all natural pet health company. She has worked with animals since 2000 in a variety of capacities, including veterinary assistant, pet food retailer, and pet store manager. Becki has been involved with conformation dog shows and has worked with dog trainers. Her passion is advocating for animal health and welfare.

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Massage YOUR DOG How to

BY PENNY KITTLITZ

W

Who d doesn’t love a great massage? After all, massage benefits do physically and psychologically. The same is true for our dogs. us ph phys massage, you’ll see anxious or nervous energy melt away, Thro Through and tightly held muscles relax. Whether you set aside time every week to massage your dog yourself, or look for a certified canine massage therapist, it’s helpful to know which techniques work best. As with any therapy, you should consult your veterinarian and/or a professional canine massage therapist to ensure your dog is a good candidate for massage. Most dogs thrive on it, but there are a few cases when massage is contraindicated. (see “Why use a canine massage therapist?” on next page.)

START AT A YOUNG AGE While massage is therapeutic at any age, the sooner you can start massaging your puppy the better. Exposing her body to touch and manipulation in a positive environment helps prepare your dog for veterinary visits, grooming appointments, and human touch. Plus, it’s a great bonding experience.

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What you’ll need:

• A willing canine volunteer • A quiet space free from distraction • A comfortable place for your dog to lie or sit • Towel – to catch loosened dog hair • Treats – just in case a little bribery needs to take place

What you DON’T need:

• Long nails – make sure your nails are short enough that you don’t inadvertently scratch your pet.

• Lotions or oils – they’re not necessary, though an aromatherapy infuser is always pleasant.

BASIC MASSAGE STROKES When performing canine massage, start at the neck, move to the shoulder on the side the animal presents to you first, then progress down the leg, the back, over the abdomen and down the rear haunches and inner groin. Repeat on the other side. Complete all strokes in one area before moving to the next. When working with a puppy, toy, or small breed dog you can massage each side simultaneously – sit the dog on your lap and adapt the strokes by using just fingertips on her small frame. Pay close attention to the feedback your dog gives you, from sitting at attention (negative), to flat out eyes closed, loving every minute (positive). Your dog may be sensitive to an area that has had surgery or a prior injury, so respect her boundaries. When she’s had enough, don’t force it. If your dog seems opposed to massage, start slowly with just petting and work your way up to longer sessions.

WHY USE A CANINE MASSAGE THERAPIST? Massage manipulates the muscles, sinews and joints to increase circulation and improve elasticity and range of motion. Through massage and feedback from the animal, a therapist can detect pain, tension, mobility restriction, sensitivities and areas of concern while using her hands to provide relief and relaxation. Massage is not reserved only for animals in need of rehabilitation or increased mobility. Everyday living can be hard on pups’ bodies – running, jumping, playing, sprinting to sudden stops, even the act of growing can cause discomfort. Massage is a great way to ease some of the demands placed on their busy bodies. A canine massage therapist will work with you and your pup, and in some cases your veterinarian, to form a treatment plan best suited to the individual needs of the dog. Animals who suffer from cancer, diabetes, epilepsy, fever, circulatory problems, compromised kidneys, certain dermatological conditions, heart conditions, females in heat or expecting puppies, and certain other conditions that are affected by increasing circulation and pressure, should be evaluated by a professional massage therapist BEFORE undergoing any kind of massage. It is important to remember that massage is not a replacement for veterinary care but a complementary therapy to aid in animal wellness. CDNdogs.ca

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Here are a few base strokes suitable for homecare mini-massages: 1. Effleurage

Using a flat hand with fingers together, gently stroke one hand after the other continuously to help the dog relax and prepare the muscles for massage. You will be able to feel the area heat up as blood flow increases. This has a calming and soothing effect.

2. Raking

Using splayed fingers with flat finger tips (ensure your nails are short enough that they can’t scratch), “rake” along the area with slight pressure in the same direction as the coat. This is very relaxing over areas of tension as the pressure is diffused.

3. Petrissage

Using the ball of the thumb, apply slight pressure as you go “thumb over thumb” to smooth and stretch the muscle fibres to release tension and remove toxins from the cells.

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CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2017


BENEFITS OF CANINE MASSAGE • Increases range of motion • Eases physical tension and relieves pain • Improves mobility • Helps keep skin soft and supple, • Helps/prevents postural and improves hair’s shine and texture

• Helps with compensation

deformities, especially in young dogs

and counterbalance issues

• Increases circulation and

• Relaxes • Stimulates or soothes sensory

• Lubricates and nourishes

nerve endings, which helps with phantom limb syndrome following amputation

• Improves lung condition

blood flow, cleanses toxins joints

Penny Kittlitz is a Canine Massage Therapist in Edmonton. She graduated from the diploma program in Canine Massage Therapy through Treetops Animal Massage (based in Ontario), which is recognized both nationally and internationally for its comprehensive courses. She is also certified in Pet First Aid.

Animal health and well-being have always been top of mind for Penny, who has a special desire to help dogs rehabilitate, relax and rejuvenate. When she is not elbow deep in dog hair, she can be found near water, either in her kayak or throwing balls for her two Chocolate Labs. You can reach her at therapawtic.com.

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HOW OLD IS

YOUR DOG IN HUMAN

YEARS? AGE

WEIGHT (LBS)

Most people realize that dogs age more quickly in comparison to humans but did you know that size often plays a role too? See the chart below for an idea of when small to large dogs reach different stages of life – from adolescent/adult to senior to geriatric. Remember that longevity is affected by lifestyle, so give your dog the best chance at a good quality of life by paying attention to diet, exercise, mental stimulation, socialization and affection. For a more accurate picture of your dog’s age, speak to your veterinarian.

1-20

20-50

50-90

>90

1

15

15

14

12

2

23

24

22

20

3

28

29

29

28

4

32

34

34

35

5

36

38

39

42

6

40

42

45

49

7

44

47

50

56

8

48

51

55

64

9

52

56

61

71

10

56

60

66

78

11

60

68

72

86

12

64

69

77

93

13

68

74

82

101

14

72

78

88

108

15

76

83

93

115

16

80

87

99

123

17

84

92

104

131

18

88

96

109

139

19

92

101

115

20

96

105

120

21

100

109

126

*Adult/Senior/Geriatric chart developed by Dr. Fred L. Metzger, DVM, State College, PA.

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Adult

Senior

Geriatric


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BY KYLE DUPONT If you have a dog, she likely spends a lot of time in your yard. Whether she’s playing fetch, exploring smells, checking out the neighbours, or just chillin’ out, the yard is your dog’s most important outdoor space. Of course, you want to enjoy it too. So how do your create a space that works for you both? With proper planning, a “bomb-proof” dog-friendly backyard is not only possible, but attractive and practical too. Check out these cool elements you can incorporate into the pet-friendly yard of your dreams:

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Dogs love to get dirty. It’s what they do best. So if your pup is the kind of dog who always seems drawn to mud puddles, why not build an outdoor wash area? This convenient little outdoor shower will eliminate dirty paws from ever entering your home, and anything beats a cold garden hose.

There are certain areas of your yard that see more traffic than others. Since dogs seem to innately follow certain routes, consider installing flagstone pathways to help reduce the wear and tear on your lawn. Also, think about using hardy fillers between the stones such as Irish moss or thyme. Plant bushes on either side of the path for even more interest. CDNdogs.ca

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Photo courtesy of: Lazy Lawn

For dogs with grass allergies and homeowners tired of yellow spots on their grass from dog urine, synthetic lawns, like this one from Lazy Lawn, are the perfect option. For more info., visit www.lazylawn.ca

Synthetic lawns have exploded in popularity over the past few years, and with good reason! These lawns are versatile, low maintenance and they come in a variety of styles to fit your specific needs. Synthetic lawns are typically installed over a 2” to 4” layer of crushed stone and designed for optimal drainage to stay clean, dry and odour-free. If you’re concerned about “number two”, synthetic turf is just like any other lawn – poop and scoop and let Mother Nature take care of the rest. Added bonus: you can sell the lawnmower and use the cash for something you really need!

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During those hot summer days, your dog needs plenty of water. Instead of constantly going into the house to fill his bowl, you can add a beautiful water feature that serves not only as your dog’s new drinking hole, but as the centerpiece of your garden. Carbon filters and a little maintenance are required to ensure Fido’s fountain stays clean, but it’s worth it!


Is it your dream to have a beautiful vegetable garden, or to just have a summer where you plants make it out alive? Adding raised beds and big pots provides a natural barrier to prevent your dogs from accidentally trampling your plants. It will even stop him from using your hydrangea as the backyard fire hydrant.

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Butt scooting: why anal gland problems are such a drag

BY STEVE MARSDEN, DVM, ND, MSOM, LAC, DIPL. CH, GRAD DIP VET ACUP, GRAD DIP VCHM, CVA, AHG Chances are you’ve seen a dog “butt scooting” along the floor. Anal gland infection, irritation and inflammation is an extremely common problem among dogs – so much so that I used to consider it the factory defect of the canine world. It is often not serious, but can be a real embarrassment when company comes over and your dog decides to “mark the occasion” by “scooting” along the floor.

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Butt scooting: why dogs do it Since your dog can’t deliberately empty his own anal glands, he or she tries to express them himself by dragging the glands on a rug. Apparently, Turkish and shag work very well! Stool consistency and frequency also play a big role. With every bowel movement, stool is supposed to press on the glands and empty them as it moves past. Stool that is too soft, or does not pass at all, may set the dog up for problems. So too may irritation of the rectum from stools that are way too frequent, such as in colitis. All that local irritation and rawness just extends to the neighboring anal glands. If the glands don’t empty, not only do they get too full, but they can become that much more difficult to express later. Worse, bacteria may get inside the glands and create an infection. Oral antibiotics are often not that helpful, unless the glands are badly infected. Ointment infused by your veterinarian into the anal glands (sometimes under sedation) provides immediate comfort, but usually only lasts a few weeks. Many glands may not actually be infected but just overactive in their secretions. So how do you help your dog?

Fibre to the rescue! Increased dietary fibre is one possible solution. Fibre can bulk the stool of constipated dogs, making it easier to pass, yet also absorb moisture in dogs with looser stools. It also absorbs the bacterial toxins that act as irritants. When using sweet potato and canned pumpkin as your fibre source, you get an additional perk from their bioflavonoids (there are 13 in pumpkin). These colorful plant compounds are among nature’s strongest anti-inflammatories. Fibre has one more crucial benefit to the scooting canine – it slows calorie absorption and lowers insulin levels. Insulin is the hormone that

“puts the groceries in the cupboard”. If a meal is too fatty or easy to digest, insulin levels shoot up afterwards. If this happens too often, the high insulin levels predispose the dog to both acute and chronic inflammation of the skin, ears, eyes, bladder, gut, joints, blood vessels and – you guessed it – anal glands. Any dog that is overweight has insulin levels that are too high, and is therefore prone to this sort of inflammation. Fibre is not a source of calories itself, but slows the absorption of other nutrients, reducing how much insulin is secreted after a meal. If this effect can be kept up on a sustained basis, inflammation is gradually and permanently reduced.

The “bottom” line: consider your dog’s food A diet of two-thirds meat and one-third vegetables with a dash of calcium “does a body good”, at least as far as dogs are concerned. Let the vegetables handle the fibre needs, as starches won’t help the insulin issue in your dog. Supplements are available, and can help hasten and potentiate the benefits of a healthy diet. For example, Glandex is an all-natural premium supplement with ingredients that include pumpkin seed, enzymes and probiotics. In our practice, we’re very fond of Chinese herbal medicine and acupuncture for speeding resolution along, but our success rate is much higher if owners have taken the steps to creating a healthy, unprocessed real food diet for their dog.

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The benefits of professional help Some groomers may empty anal glands while others flatly refuse. If a groomer makes the effort, but only partially succeeds, it may just “awaken the beast”. Half-emptied but stimulated anal glands are apparently more irritating than quiescent full ones. All veterinarians and animal health technologists should be able to competently express those pesky glands, and may even teach you how to do it. An advantage to the “professional approach” is that the vet or vet tech can make sure there’s nothing else going on. Anal gland tumours can look and feel like full anal glands but cannot be expressed. Best not to spend several minutes trying, or you could precipitate a spread of the tumour, at which point the prognosis becomes much worse.

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Dr. Steve Marsden is co-founder of Edmonton Holistic Veterinary Clinic, and is arguably the foremost holistic veterinary practitioner in the world. As such, he spends three months a year teaching veterinarians on five continents. In 2009, the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association honoured Dr. Steve as “Small Animal Veterinarian of the Year”, and in 2010, the American Holistic Veterinary Medical Association named him “teacher of the year”. In addition to his veterinary work, he spends half his time treating people, thanks to his credentials as a naturopathic physician and his training as a Chinese medical practitioner.


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CAR SAFETY

S Seats that fold down flat – SUVs are wonderful if you use a crate in your w ccar, but you will need back seats tthat fold down completely so the floor is level.

101

BY DANA COX Most dogs love the car, especially if it

P Power lift gate – These are very hhandy when you have a leash in one hhand and packages in the other.

means spending extra time with you. Whether it’s a quick trip to the store or a week-long road trip, it’s important to keep your dog – and you – as safe as possible at all times. Safety restraints, either in the form of a seat belt or crate, make good sense, but only if they actually work. And if you’re in the market for a new vehicle, think about what it offers in terms of dogfriendly features. Here are a few tips to get you started:

A Awards and ratings – Look for a vvehicle that has earned a reputation ffor safety. A number of awards are well recognized in the industry, w iincluding those from the Insurance IInstitute for Highway Safety (IIHS), which rates vehicles based on five w ccrashworthiness tests, as well as ffront crash tests.

The Center for Pet Safety (CPS), a registered non-profit research and advocacy organization based in Washington, DC, mirrors the same crash tests used for child safety products to measure the effectiveness of companion animal products. In 2013, CPS teamed up with Subaru to perform crash tests on a number of pet restraints. Sleepypod’s Clickit Utility Harness distinguished itself as the Top Performing Harness. It was the only harness that consistently prevented the specially designed “crash test dogs” from launching off the car seat. Testing was performed using multiple crash test dogs developed by CPS, including a simulated 25 lb Terrier mix, a 45 lb Border Collie and a 75 lb Golden Retriever. centerforpetsafety.org.

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G Good ventilation – Like young cchildren, dogs should never ttravel in the front seat. So a car with adequate ventilation is very w iimportant, especially in summer when dogs need to stay cool. w A Anchors in the floor – Perfect for hholding crates in place, D rings can aalso be used to temporarily anchor yyour dog’s leash if necessary.

Tinted windows – Dogs feel the heat more than we do, so consider tinted back windows to help block out the sun. A car can be 60% cooler with tinted windows. And they filter out harmful UV rays, too!

Vehicle height – Look for a vehicle that’s closer to the ground. This makes it much easier for your medium or bigger-sized dog to jump in and out.

Additional safety features – Vehicles with perimeter sensors help you steer clear of other cars that may be in your blind spot. Some vehicles offer automatic rear braking, should you be in danger of hitting something while backing up. That’s an added bonus when you’re carrying precious cargo in the back.

Vehicle shown here is the 2017 Subaru Forester Limited with Technology Package.

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Vaccinating SAFELY:

Should small dogs be vaccinated the same as big dogs?

BY DANA COX

Y

ou may have noticed during the last few visits to your veterinarian that recommended vaccine protocols have changed significantly. Dogs used to be vaccinated every year, but research conducted by a vaccine task force of the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) showed that some core vaccines actually provide protection for up to seven years (and possibly longer) after the first year boosters. The results of this task force helped change core vaccine frequency from annually to every three years. It also increased the awareness and popularity of vaccine titers – blood tests that veterinarians use to measure an individual dog’s current immunity status to various diseases. Since we know over-vaccination can cause a range of health problems and even death, it makes sense

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CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2017

to vaccinate only when a dog requires protection. Core vaccines are not mandatory, after all, with the exception of Rabies, so shouldn’t they be updated when required, as with human vaccines?

A close look at vaccine dosages

If frequency is an issue, then what about dosage? Currently, all dogs, no matter what the size or breed, are vaccinated with the same quantity of vaccine. A five-pound Chihuahua receives the same 1 ml dose as a 150-pound Mastiff. Eminent researcher and veterinarian Dr. W. Jean Dodds, says small dogs may be getting “too much of a good thing”. Dr. Dodds recently conducted a pilot study on Canine Parvovirus and Distemper Vaccine (DPV) to determine if a halfdose would protect small dogs as effectively as the current full dose.*


Canadian Dogs Annual talked to Dr. Dodds about this issue and her findings: CDA: Pet vaccination seems to be a controversial issue, with

some veterinarians adopting the new three-year protocol but others still vaccinating every year. Why is that? Dr. D: Many veterinary practitioners simply believe what they originally learned about vaccines, and so are less inclined to change or “fix” what is perceived to be unbroken. Other veterinarians seem to use canine vaccination programs as a means to draw clients into the office. Annual vaccination has been the single most important reason why the majority of people bring their dogs and cats for an annual check-up or “wellness visit”. When you combine this with a failure to understand the principles of vaccinal immunity (that portion of immunity conveyed by vaccines), it is not surprising that attempts to change vaccines and vaccination programs have created significant controversy. CDA: Why is over-vaccination a concern? Dr. D: With the advancement in vaccinology comes the increased risk of adverse reactions, called vaccinoses. Some of these are serious, chronically debilitating and even fatal. We need to balance the need to protect animals against serious infectious diseases with the attendant risk of adverse events. As vaccine expert Dr. Ron Schultz states, “Be wise and immunize, but immunize wisely!” CDA: Why did you tackle this particular study to determine if smaller dose vaccines would provide adequate protection for small dogs? Dr. D: One of the concerns about the potential for overvaccination is the question of giving vaccines with a “one size fits all” approach rather than basing them on the body weight of the dog. Why do toy and giant breed dogs receive the same 1 ml dose of vaccines, when the manufacturer’s vaccine clinical trials are typically performed on laboratory beagles and with little field testing in different breed types?

THE “CORE”

VACCINES Canine Distemper Virus (CDV) Canine Parvovirus (CVP-2) Canine Adenovirus (CAV-2) Rabies Virus (RV)

Va Vaccines should be thought of as medications – use as little as possible to accomplish what’s needed. CDA: What were the results of the study?

Surely, a giant breed dog should require more vaccine than a small or medium-sized dog to fully immunize, and toy and smaller breeds logically would need even less. As Dr. Link Wellborn, Chair of the 2011 AAHA Canine Vaccine Task Force, stated in the article Injecting insight into vaccinations. Vaccines should be thought of as medications – use as little as possible to accomplish what’s needed.”

Dr. D: The half-dose DPV vaccine generated increased serum vaccine antibody titers for all the dogs studied. The median titer and endpoint titer levels had a sustained increase in all dogs at six months after vaccination. So the half-dose did provide a sustained protective serum antibody response.

CDA: Who participated in the study?

Dr. D: A “more is better” philosophy still prevails with regard to pet vaccines, but clearly, the evidence indicates that vaccination protocols should no longer be considered a “one size fits all” program.

Dr. D: We worked with small breed dogs that weighed 12 pounds or less, who were between three and nine years of age. None of these dogs had received a vaccination for at least three years and all were healthy.

CDA: Any final thoughts?

*Dodds, WJ. “Efficacy of a half-dose canine parvovirus and distemper vaccine in small adult dogs: a pilot study”. JAHVMA 41:12-21, Winter, 2015.

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Can

DOGS LEARN by just

watching listening?

AND

BY STANLEY COREN

At a small reception following a talk I gave on dog communication, one of the university hosts introduced me to a developmental psychologist who specializes in language development. 74

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2017

“She has a bone to pick with you about your interpretation of language learning in dogs, like Chaser the Border Collie,� he warned me.


At a small reception following a talk I about your interpretation Chaser is perhaps the most linguistically advanced dog tested so far. Owned by John Pilley, a professor emeritus of psychology from Wofford College in South Carolina, Chaser’s language training began when she was a puppy. Most of the words she has learned are nouns, namely labels for toys. Her verified vocabulary is around 1,000 words, which, as I noted in my talk, is the equivalent of what we might expect from a 3½- year-old human child. The developmental psychologist objected to my drawing a parallel between language learning in dogs and children. “You have to take into account the process of learning, not just the number of words the dogs learned,” she said. “Children learn most of their language by watching and listening to the people around them speaking and engaging in various behaviours. Dogs don’t.” “Dogs do learn by just listening and watching,” I assured her. “Many dog owners will tell you that all they have to do is to say the word ‘walk’ for their dogs to get excited and rush to the door. I had a dog who, if he overheard the word ‘bath’, would skitter around to find a hiding place.”

Each dog was taught to retrieve specific objects using one of two different methods – the “Reward Technique”, which had been used to train Chaser, or the “Watch and Listen Technique”. With the “Reward Technique”, teaching a dog how to retrieve a red rubber boot toy might begin with only that toy out on the floor. If the dog nosed at it when the experimenter said the word “boot”, he would get a food reward. Later, the dog would have to pick the boot up in his mouth to get the reward, and eventually he would only be rewarded for bringing the toy to the experimenter when asked to “get the boot”. When the dog responded to the command correctly three times in a row, the experimenter moved him on to the testing phase. All three red rubber toys were displayed and the dog was told to “get the boot.” The length of time the dog took to learn the task measured how well the training worked.

TESTING DOGS TO SEE HOW THEY LEARN WORDS I described a study by Sue McKinley and Robert Young, of the Department of Animal Science at De Montfort University in Lincolnshire in the UK. In this study, dogs learned labels by watching a person interact with someone the dogs knew (usually their owner) and another person. Each dog had to learn to identify a particular toy by name and retrieve it on command. Two sets of rubber toys were used. One set consisted of three red rubber dog toys (a boot, a fire extinguisher, and a strawberry) while the other set consisted of three yellow rubber dog toys (a saxophone, a toothbrush, and a hammer). One toy was chosen randomly from each group with the idea that the dogs would learn to retrieve it when given the object’s name.

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OWNER: The “Watch and Listen Technique” of training used in this study required the dog to observe a “conversation” between his owner and another person concerning the toys. The dog was secured on a leash roughly five feet away from the owner and the model. There was only one toy and the two people “discussed” it using scripted sentences. Since research with humans shows that we remember the last part of a sentence best, the name of the object was placed at the end of each sentence. Suppose the item the dog was supposed to identify was the yellow hammer. A fragment of the conversation might run like this:

“Can you see the hammer?” at the same time handing the rubber hammer to the model.

MODEL:

“Yes, I can. Thank you for the hammer,” while handing the toy back to the owner.

OWNER:

“Can you pass me the hammer?” while he hands the toy to the model.

MODEL:

“Thank you for the wonderful hammer,” while handing it back to the owner.

This dialogue was performed in a highly animated and enthusiastic style to keep the dog’s attention. The target object was passed back and forth with both people looking at the object. After watching the conversation go on for about two minutes, the dog was asked to retrieve the object from a distance of ten feet with the command:“Get the hammer.” If the dog failed to get the object, the training was repeated and the extra time was added to the total training time score. If the dog succeeded, then he was tested by being asked to “get the hammer” after all three yellow toys were put out at the same time.

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THE RESULTS

KEEP TALKING TO YOUR DOG

It turns out that dogs are able to learn from simply observing social interaction while they listen and watch two humans speak to each other. Furthermore, the total training time, and the speed and accuracy with which the dogs perform this task, is much the same whether they are trained by standard reward-based methods or by simple observation.

Since your dog listens and watches you, it is possible to train him without much effort by simply talking to him. The trick is to verbally label the actions you are performing. So when you are going up or down stairs, say the dog’s name and “stairs!” In a short time, simply saying “Lassie, stairs” will cause the dog to look for a staircase to go up or down.

“So,” I explained to the developmental physchologist, “although most language learning dogs are usually taught using rewards for each single word they learn, it appears they can also learn the meaning of words by looking and listening, much the same way kids do.” My host smiled and mused out loud, “I wonder what else our dogs are learning by just watching and listening….”

This same process can be used to teach the dog more complicated things. Suppose you want to teach him to jump over a hurdle. Simply put the dog on a leash and move toward the hurdle. As you jump over it, say his name and the word “jump!” Generally the dog will stay with you and go over the hurdle. Usually, after only a few repetitions, you can put the dog in a sitting position on one side of the hurdle, then go to the other side and give the command “Rover, jump”; in most cases, the dog will respond correctly and jump over it without you. Keep talking to your dog about what you and he are doing, and if you always use exactly the same words, it is remarkable how much he will learn!

Stanley Coren is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Psychology at the University of British Columbia. He is also an award winning behavioural researcher, a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, and was named as one of the 2,000 outstanding scientists of the 20th century. His many books

on dog behaviour and human-canine interactions have been international bestsellers. His awards include the prestigious Maxwell Medal of Excellence from The Dog Writers Association of America for his book Born to Bark. Coren has been featured on Oprah, Larry King, and can be heard broadcasting a radio column on CBC. His newest book is Do Dogs Dream?

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POT FOR PETS BY EMILY VINT

It’s no secret that dogs share many of the same health problems as people, including anxiety, arthritis, epilepsy, and even dementia. These parallel health concerns beg the question: if the conditions are the same, can the treatment be the same as well? Medical marijuana has become increasingly popular in recent years for the treatment of both physical and mental diseases and disorders among children and adults. With the rise of medical marijuana use, as well as legalized marijuana for recreational use, specialty cannabis shops are actively looking to break into new markets. Among these? Cannabis for animals.

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WHAT IS IT?

HOW DOES IT WORK?

Cannabis products manufactured for pets are often made from industrial hemp, a strain of cannabis cultivated for non-drug use. While both types of the cannabis plant, marijuana and hemp, contain tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), hemp plants produce more CBD than THC, and vice versa. THC in marijuana is the element responsible for producing the stereotypical psychedelic effect or “high” that is in fact toxic to pets if ingested in large amounts. The CBD and THC levels in hemp do not produce this effect and have several well-documented biological outcomes, which makes hemp the prime candidate for medicinal use in both humans and dogs.

Like humans, animals have cannabinoid receptors that act as pathways for the plant’s effects. There are multiple methods of administration, including edibles, oils or capsules. The ideal method for each individual depends on factors such as the size of the dog, reason for use, and desirable dosage. Observation has shown that cannabis, when administrated to pets, has helped with pain relief, reduced vomiting and nausea, aided with sleep, improved skin conditions, inhibited cell growth in cancer cells, helped relieve noise phobia, and increased appetite, among many other positive effects.

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CANNABIS VS. PRESCRIPTION DRUGS In most cases, veterinarians will most likely recommend conventional medicine over hemp oils and cannabis treats. Still, there is plenty of research (and many professionals will agree) that indicates giving your dog some pot may produce fewer side effects than “manmade” drugs, lessening the chances of fatigue, loss of appetite, vomiting and even liver damage. “Just as with people, pets’ needs can be varied, and cannabis has the ability to treat several conditions with the same powerful yet gentle medicine,” says Dori Dempster, Director of The Medical Cannabis Dispensary. “One of our pet members was sent home to die as there was nothing medically left to do except pain control. The vet recommended our products as they ‘couldn’t hurt at this point’, and was surprised that the dog bounced back and gave two more years of joy to the owners.”

THE CONTROVERSY While there is a great deal of evidence to support cannabis as an alternative treatment, further investigation is needed. Veterinarians remain hesitant in offering advice to patients regarding this touchy subject, not only because of the lack of scientific study, but because of the increased risk of marijuana poisoning in pets. Lack of professional guidance, on the other hand, may be a major cause of such incorrect use. Needless to say, the field would certainly benefit from further research and education.

CANNABIS, EH? Though marijuana remains illegal in Canada, hemp is completely legal, and contains the same healthy benefits.

The Medicinal Cannabis Dispensary, which was recently available only to members with medical cards on file, is now accessible to any adult with valid ID due to the hemp-based nature of their products, so there’s no need to worry about hiding your dog’s “stash”.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau recently announced his goal to have marijuana legalized country-wide by April 20, 2017. Will this increase the use of cannabis products for pets? Likely. Though it won’t affect the ingredients, it may make usage less taboo, leading to an increase in therapeutic value and (hopefully) a deeper examination of long-term health effects.

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FIVE EASY WAYS TO

ENRICH YOUR DOG’S ENVIRONMENT

Environmental enrichment goes beyond basic dog care. It includes things like mental stimulation, engaging his senses, and introducing toys or activities that satisfy your dog’s instinctual needs.

BY KENNY COOGAN, CPBT-KA As loving doggie “parents”, we provide shelter, food, water, toys, exercise and vet care for our pets. But did you know that environmental enrichment should also be integrated into our dogs’ lives on a daily basis? Environmental enrichment goes beyond basic dog care to encompass mental stimulation, sense engagement, and toys or activities that satisfy instinctual needs. It helps provide dogs with optimally healthy and happy lives, improves the human/animal bond, and reduces the risk of unwanted behaviours.

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1

INTRODUCE NEW IN LOCALES AND SITUATIONS L LO Slowly introducing your dog to novel locations and situations early in his development will help create a “bomb-proof” companion. Wellacclimated dogs are less stressed and greet change with glee. They don’t react with fear or anxiety whenever new and unprecedented situations occur. Take new routes, stroll past construction sites, visit new locations, walk with other dogs or people, or allow your dog to take you for a walk by letting him sniff out his favourite smells. If you have an adult dog that reacts to new situations with stress, try a less “threatening” way to change up his routine. Rotate his favourite toys, for example. Being exposed to the same toys all the time often generates boredom. Putting his toys on a rotating schedule helps maintain their novelty. Placing toys inside other toys, or in boxes, can also increase the dog’s interest and stimulation.

2

SATISFY HIS HUNTING INSTINCT SA

Hunting and foraging for food is a natural part of wild canine behaviour. Hiding food, toys, or healthy low-cal treats throughout the house will stimulate this natural instinct. Some dogs may need to be taught through positive reinforcement how to search for their food or toys, but most learn quickly. You can also satisfy a dog’s foraging and hunting instincts by hiding treats in cardboard boxes, or placing his food in several bowls around the house, or in interactive puzzle toys. Placing a few treats in an empty muffin tin with a ball over each hole will encourage your dog to sniff out and uncover the treats. To encourage more search-and-snack behaviour, scatter premium kibble or treats around the yard. If you have multiple dogs, separate yards or access are important for those animals that are slower at foraging.

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3

IMPROVE HIS MIND WITH TRAINING AND GAMES

Who doesn’t love to play games? There are many game-like training activities to choose from, including “100 things to do with a box”, originally written about by animal trainer Karen Pryor. During this game, the dog interacts with a box in a different and novel way each time. It requires careful observation on your part, and a handful of healthy treats. At first, the dog may paw at the box. The next time he will likely paw it again – but don’t give him a treat until he tries something different. He may then push the box, bite at it, sniff it or jump on it. As soon as he offers something new, say “good” and reward him with a treat.

4 5

TEACH HIM TO “GROOM” HIMSELF

Agility and other sports are excellent ways to stimulate your dog’s brain. Join a club near you or invest in some inexpensive portable agility equipment. Growing up, I used broomsticks, children’s tunnels and plastic crates to create an agility course for my family’s Border Collie. To encourage your dog, reward him with toys, treats, praise, or affectionate rubdowns once he has made it through the course.

Our dogs’ wild counterparts spend a considerable amount of time grooming themselves and each other. Giving a dog access to a kiddie pool, sprinkler or dog beach encourages him to “bathe” himself while enjoying the excitement that water play provides. You can also try teaching your dog to wipe his dirty feet on different surfaces before coming inside. As always, use positive, reward-based training methods. Use a piece of indoor-outdoor carpet, synthetic turf, or a sisal doormat. It’s a fun training game, helps keep your house clean, and provides your dog with tactical enrichment.

ENGAGE HIS SENSES

Think of ways you can stimulate your dog’s senses. Here are a few ideas: • Engage his superior sense of smell by introducing nosework – a game that lets your dog sniff out treats or other yummy smells in small boxes. Eventually you can increase the complexity of the game by nesting these boxes in other boxes. An aromatherapy massage is another wonderful way to engage your dog’s sense of smell. Use different oils to encourage a desired behaviour – a calmer or a more vibrant dog. • Stimulate his hearing with dog-specific CDs or recall games. For new or shy dogs, softly playing audiobooks or gentle music may help acclimate them to their surroundings.

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• Ready or not. . . ! A game of hide and seek in a new, safe area encourages your dog to use multiple senses as he explores the spot while looking for you. Have him “ping pong” between two family members to make the game even more challenging. Once he finds you, be sure to reward him. Circling through these five themes of environmental enrichment can help keep your dog physically and mentally stimulated as well as happy, content and well-behaved.

Kenny Coogan holds a Bachelor’s degree in animal behaviour and is a certified professional bird trainer through the International Avian Trainers Certification Board. He is a weekly pet columnist and magazine contributor and has authored a children’s book titled A Tenrec Named Trey.


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The

DOS and’ DON TS of taking your dog to the groomer BY BECKI SELBY

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DO

SHOW UP ON TIME Latecomers push other appointments back, and this could lead to overcrowding, added stress and inconvenience for other customers. Plus you may miss your allotted tub time in a busy shop, causing your dog to wait in a kennel for an opening.

DON’T

WALK YOUR DOG UNTIL SHE ELIMINATES BEFORE THE APPOINTMENT

PICK UP YOUR DOG LATE

Letting your dog out in the yard may not be enough to encourage her to go, so walk her to be sure. It is stressful for a dog when she has to go to the bathroom during grooming, and if she does, it takes a lot of time to properly clean up and sterilize.

SHOW UP EARLIER THAN REQUESTED

KEEP YOUR DOG ON LEASH AT THE SHOP Most grooming shops have gates, doors and barricades to prevent your dog from escaping, but if you unhook your dog in the lobby, he could leave if someone opens the front door. Plus, a leash makes for a smoother hand-off to the groomer.

COMMUNICATE CLEARLY ABOUT TEMPERAMENT OR HEALTH ISSUES

Some grooming shops offer one-on-one appointments, while others keep dogs all day. Please pick up your dog at the agreed on time so your groomer can keep to her schedule.

Your dog may sense your presence and get overexcited, which prevents the groomer from finishing the job, or even worse, causes her to unintentionally injure your now wiggling dog.

USE VAGUE INSTRUCTION DETAILS The grooming industry is full of cute catch phrases like “Puppy Cut”, “Teddy Bear Trim”, or “short, but not shaved” that mean completely different things to every groomer. Instead use actual lengths – ½” or half off. If you loved the way your dog was groomed previously, take a photo and bring it in.

ASK YOUR GROOMER FOR VET ADVICE Groomers are trained professionals, but it is not their job to give out veterinary health advice to their clients. If you have a concern, talk to your licensed veterinarian.

If your dog doesn’t like certain aspects of being groomed, or has a sensitive area on his body, describe exactly how he behaves to the groomer. Groomers MUST know about health conditions such as heart murmurs, epilepsy, neurologic disorders, injuries, arthritis, recent surgeries, dental disease and other concerns that may affect a dog’s behaviour.

Every dog has limitations. Some don’t tolerate brushing or blow drying, and others find it difficult to stand for a long time. Listen to your groomer, as she will be most familiar with your dog’s abilities and will adapt your expectations for a haircut or service.

FOLLOW SCHEDULING ADVICE

The only thing your dog needs at the appointment is a collar and leash (preferably not an extendable one). Put her extra harness or jacket on yourself when you pick her up.

Your groomer gauges time between appointments based on the length of the trim, coat type, breed, your ability to maintain your dog’s coat, and the home environment (farm dogs vs. apartment dogs). Sensitive dogs may need more regular grooming schedules so they can build trust with the groomer. Regular grooming also helps maintain proper nail length.

HAVE UNREALISTIC EXPECTATIONS

BRING “EXTRAS” TO AN APPOINTMENT

BRING IN A DOG WHO’S UNDER THE WEATHER Grooming can be physically demanding for your dog, so if you suspect he’s feeling unwell, reschedule the appointment for another day.

TIP FOR A JOB WELL DONE Grooming is physically – and sometimes emotionally – demanding. Most groomers are paid on commission so if you think yours does a fantastic job caring for your companion, make sure you add a gratuity to say “thank you”.

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S

BY SUSAN WAGNER, DVM

ound is a major factor of our surroundings, especially in today’s loud, fast-paced world. Noise pollution can create stress for both animals and humans, while healing music can calm us and improve our lives. The effects of music have been well documented in humans, and studies with animals have revealed that music also has a powerful effect on them. Country music can calm ponies while classical music helped cows produce more milk and improved the growth rate of chickens. A recent study in cats demonstrated that calming music increased the depth of anesthesia during surgery. Dolphins, meanwhile, have been known to swim in synchrony to Bach. A study done in Ireland found that classical music is the preferred calming sound source in dog shelters. Research done by Through a Dog’s Ear took this further and applied the principles of resonance, entrainment, and the orienting response to classical music selections. It discovered that slow, psychoacoustically-arranged single instrument (piano) music had the most calming effects. Upwards of 70% of

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dogs in shelters and veterinary offices, and 85% of dogs in home environments, became noticeably calmer with this music. It was also found to reduce twice as many anxiety behaviours in fearful dogs as standard classical selections did.

Do a Sonic Evaluation Take a minute to listen and note down all the sounds you (and your dog) hear – the results may surprise you. Creating a healthy sound environment with appropriate music may improve your well-being as well as that of your four-legged family member. Dr. Susan Wagner is a veterinary neurologist and pioneer in the area of the human-animal bond. She offers integrative medicine at MedVet Medical & Cancer Centers for Pets, and is a Healing Touch for Animals practitioner. She is an adjunct faculty member at the Ohio State University College of Veterinary Medicine and co-author of Through a Dog’s Ear.

SOUND VOCABULARY Resonance: The effect of one vibration or frequency on another. For example, placing a tuning fork on the spine resonates sound vibrations through the entire nervous system. Entrainment: The process by which sound rhythms cause major body systems to speed up or slow down. For instance, pulse and breathing decrease when listening to slow music. Orienting response: An immediate response when an unusual or loud sound is heard. Psychoacoustics: The physiological impact of sound on the nervous system.

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Your dog’s vision is important to his happiness and well-being. Learn how to keep him seeing well.

Doggie

EYE CARE BY KATHARINE LARK CHRISLEY, NHC, RMT

I

t’s easy to take sight for granted – unless something happens to damage it. Although your dog has a much better sense of hearing and smell than you do, he also relies heavily on vision to navigate the world. That’s why it’s vital to include your dog’s eyes in his wellness program. Take a close look at your dog’s eyes on a regular basis to check for any signs of a problem. If his eyes are healthy, they’ll have a good, clear “coating” over them. The pupils will be shiny and dark and of equal size. They should constrict with light, and dilate when the light is removed. The “sclera” around the eye should be pinkish white. If it’s all white, it signals anemia.

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Yellow indicates severe liver trouble (jaundice), while a red sclera means possible fever, overexertion or poisoning (with other severe symptoms). If it’s murky and oddly coloured, it shows infection. Tear discharge should be clear and thin. Any thick, yellow or green discharge could mean an infection. A white, opaque discharge can also signal infection or be a reaction to a blow. Blood in the eye is an emergency – seek veterinary care as soon as possible. Preserving your dog’s vision and eye health is easy if you take the right steps. Regularly check his eyes for potential problems, and take him to the vet promptly if something doesn’t look right.

Keep your dog’s environment safe to avoid injuries to his eyes. Look at the world from his viewpoint. Trim and remove low branches in the yard, watch for sharp objects at canine eye level, keep chemicals out of his reach, control dust in the environment, and do not use chemical floor/carpet cleaners or pesticides.

WHAT CAUSES TEAR STAINS? “Tear stains are typically the result of porphyrins,” says Dr. Karen Becker. “Porphyrins are naturally-occurring molecules containing iron – waste products from the breakdown of red blood cells.” Dogs can excrete porphyrins through tears, saliva and urine. Think of rust, with its reddish brown colour – that’s the iron you’re seeing in tear stains. Some small breeds with light-coloured hair are more susceptible. If the stains turn brown, it could be the result of a yeast infection, so have it checked out. STEPS TO A CLEANER FACE: • Take a look at what your dog is eating. A poor quality and/or imbalanced diet can contribute to tear stains. • Spend a couple of minutes each day cleaning your dog’s face. This will minimize staining before it builds up. Products containing harsh chemicals may do more harm than good to the soft tissues around the eyes. Moisten a sterile cotton pad with saline solution (pinch of sea salt in a cup of distilled, or boiled and cooled, water), and carefully rub underneath and around the eye area. Keep the hair around the eyes trimmed to prevent it from irritating the eyes and causing tearing. You can flush out the eyes with a gentle saline solution, as required.

Katharine Lark Chrisley, NHC, RMT has degrees in Natural Health Counseling, Veterinary Assistance and Reiki Mastership. She is the founder and president of Dharmahorse Inc., a sanctuary for unwanted horses, and has owned and operated three schools of classical horsemanship since 1973. She has taught courses on horses, dogs and meditation. Katharine is also an artist, illustrating articles and books.

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Foods 10 FOR GOOD VISION BY AUDI DONAMOR

Eye health in dogs has become the talk of the town. There’s more and more discussion about eye disease in canines, including macular degeneration, cataracts, uveitis and glaucoma. According to veterinary ophthalmologist Dr. Carmen Colitz, we can place a large part of the blame on free radicals. “These highly unstable molecules are generated at the cellular level as a natural response to environmental stressors such as inflammation, radiation from sunlight and many environmental toxins such as air pollutants,” Dr. Colitz explains. “The cells of the canine retina are especially susceptible to oxidative stress-induced damage because of their high oxygen consumption and exposure to light.”

SWEET POTATOES

CARROTS

KALE

GARLIC

Here’s a list of the top ten foods containing all-important eye-worthy nutrients like anthocyanins, beta carotene, carotenoids, glutathione, Omega-3 essential fatty acids, lycopene, phytonutrients – and featuring the very special partnership of lutein and zeaxanthin, sometimes referred to as sunscreen for the eyes. Of course, you can also look for a full spectrum supplement formulated specifically for eye health.

TOMATOES

COLD WATER FISH

PUMPKIN

EGGS

BLUEBERRIES

Fortunately, free radicals can be balanced with antioxidants, which the body produces naturally, but since these decrease in number with age, it’s important to think about diet and supplements to bolster your dog’s supply.

BROCCOLI

Audi Donamor has been successfully creating special needs diets for companion animals for two decades. She is the founder of the University of Guelph’s Smiling Blue Skies® Cancer Fund and Smiling Blue Skies® Fund for Innovative Research. She is the proud recipient of a Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal, and most recently, was honored with the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, for her work in cancer, from the University of Guelph/Ontario Veterinary College. 90

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Dog SPEAK Use this handy translator to determine some of the more common terms and acronyms: Reg’d

Means a kennel name is registered with an accepted registry

TSH

Thyroid stimulating hormone – a test to determine hypothyroidism

vWD

von Willebrand’s disease – a bleeding disorder that affects some breeds

Perm. Reg’d Means a kennel is permanently registered

HEALTH-RELATED BAER

Brain Auditory Evoked Response. Measure the brain wave activity that occurs in response to clicks or certain tones. Certifies hearing.

CERF

Canine Eye Registration Foundation. Tracks and records ocular diseases in dogs and maintains databases on known conditions and pre-dispositions. Certifies vision.

Genotype Refers to a dog in the sense of his genetic composition HD

Hip dysplasia is affected by heredity and environmental factors. Sires and dams in breeds known for HD should be X-rayed clear

OFFA

Orthopedic Foundation for Animals. Tracks and records information pertaining to genetic and orthopedic diseases. www.offa.org

Phenotype Refers to the collective appearance of a dog, based on physical and

psychological traits PennHlP

The University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program. Performed by veterinarians specially trained in the procedure. This method determines hip joint laxity, which can then be used to predict the likelihood of an individual developing hip dysplasia. www.pennhip.org

REGISTRIES AKC American Kennel Club (U.S.-based) ARBA American Rare Breeds Association: the American equivalent to CRBA. CBCA Canadian Border Collie Association CKC Canadian Kennel Club CRBA Canadian Rare Breeds Association FCI Fédération Cynologique Internationale (Europe, Latin America, Africa, Asia and Australia) UKC United Kennel Club TITLES BIF BIS BISS BPIS HIT

Best in Field – the top coursing hound at a trial Best in Show – the best dog at a conformation show Best in Specialty Show – the best dog at a specialty show Best Puppy in Show – the best puppy at a conformation show High in Trial – the best performer at an obedience trial

TEMPERAMENT CGC TT

Canine Good Citizen – determines if a dog is well trained and obedient in public Temperament Tested – shows if a dog has stable temperament

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Breed

DIRECTORY WELCOME TO OUR BREED DIRECTORY. This is a wonderful resource if you’re looking for a purebred dog or a rare dog. The breed summaries give you a brief but fascinating

glimpse into the history, appearance and care of each breed. Please note we’ve rated exercise and grooming requirements based on the legend below.

BEFORE YOU START HUNTING FOR YOUR NEW BEST FRIEND, we suggest reading through our “5 best tips for buying your new puppy” on page 12. It’ll help ensure that you enjoy success with your new pup. This is a paid advertising section and we’ve made every effort to ensure the information is presented accurately. The publisher cannot be held responsible for any claims made in the advertising listings, or any issues that arise as a result of errors or omissions.

legend Very minimal Minimal Average More than average Maximum

the groups

DOGS HAVE LIVED ALONGSIDE HUMANS FOR THOUSANDS OF YEARS. Over that time, they’ve been bred to serve many roles, from helping hunt game, to containing vermin, to snuggling. The Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) categorizes dogs based on seven different groups. Though the breeds in our Rare Breeds Directory are not yet recognized by the CKC, we’ve included them in their own section.

GROUP 1 - SPORTING DOGS Bred to assist hunters on land or in water Barbet Griffon (Wire Haired Pointing) Lagotto Romagnolo Pointer (German Long-Haired) Pointer (German Short-Haired) Pointer (German Wire-Haired) Retriever (Chesapeake Bay) Retriever (Curly Coated) Retriever (Flat-Coated) Retriever (Golden) Retriever (Labrador) Retriever (Nova Scotia Duck Tolling) 92

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GROUP 2 - HOUNDS Setter (English) Setter (Gordon) Setter (Irish) Setter (Irish Red and White) Spaniel (American Cocker) Spaniel (Brittany) Spaniel (Clumber) Spaniel (English Cocker) Spaniel (English Springer) Spaniel (Irish Water) Spaniel (Welsh Springer) Spinone Italiano Vizsla (Smooth-Haired) Weimaraner

Bred to hunt by scent or sight Afghan Hound American Foxhound Basenji Basset Hound Beagle Black and Tan Coonhound Bloodhound Borzoi Dachshund (Miniature Long-Haired) Dachshund (Miniature Smooth-Haired) Dachshund (Miniature Wire-Haired) Dachshund (Standard Smooth) Dachshund (Standard Wire-Haired)


Deerhound (Scottish) Drever English Foxhound Finnish Spitz Greyhound Ibizan Hound Irish Wolfhound Norrbottenspets Norwegian Elkhound Norwegian Lundehund Otterhound Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen Pharaoh Hound Rhodesian Ridgeback Saluki Shikoku Whippet

GROUP 3 - WORKING DOGS Bred to guard, pull and rescue Akita Alaskan Malamute Bernese Mountain Dog Black Russian Terrier Boxer Bullmastiff Canaan Dog Canadian Eskimo Dog Cane Corso Doberman Pinscher Entlebucher Mountain Dog Eurasier Field Spaniel Great Dane Great Pyrenees Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Karelian Bear Dog Komondor Kuvasz Leonberger Mastiff Newfoundland Portuguese Water Dog Rottweiler Samoyed Schnauzer (Giant ) Siberian Husky St. Bernard Tibetan Mastiff

GROUP 4 - TERRIERS Bred to hunt and kill vermin Airedale Terrier American Staffordshire Terrier Australian Terrier

Bedlington Terrier Border Terrier Bull Terrier Bull Terrier (Miniature) Cairn Terrier Cesky Terrier Dandie Dinmont Terrier Fox Terrier (Smooth) Fox Terrier (Wire) Irish Terrier Jack Russell Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier Lakeland Terrier Manchester Terrier Norfolk Terrier Norwich Terrier Parson Russell Terrier Schnauzer (Miniature) Scottish Terrier Sealyham Terrier Silky Terrier Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier Staffordshire Bull Terrier Welsh Terrier West Highland White Terrier

GROUP 5 - TOYS Bred for companionship Affenpinscher Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Chihuahua (Long Coat) Chihuahua (Short Coat) Chinese Crested Coton de Tulear Griffon (Brussels) Havanese Italian Greyhound Japanese Chin King Charles Spaniel Maltese Papillon Pekingese Pomeranian Poodle (Toy) Pug Toy Fox Terrier Yorkshire Terrier

GROUP 6 - NON-SPORTING A diverse group of dogs that don’t fit into other groups American Eskimo Dog Bichon Frise Boston Terrier Bulldog

Chinese Shar-Pei Chow Chow Dalmatian French Bulldog German Pinscher Keeshond Lhasa Apso Lowchen Poodle (Miniature) Poodle (Standard) Schipperke Shiba Inu Shih Tzu Tibetan Spaniel Tibetan Terrier

GROUP 7 - HERDING Bred to manage the movements of other animals Australian Cattle Dog Australian Kelpie Australian Shepherd Bearded Collie Belgian Shepherd Dog Border Collie Bouviers des Flandres Briard Collie (Rough) Collie (Smooth) Dutch Shepherd Dog Finnish Lapphund German Shepherd Dog Iceland Sheepdog Norwegian Buhund Old English Sheepdog Polish Lowland Sheepdog Portuguese Sheepdog Puli Schapendoes (Dutch Sheepdog) Shetland Sheepdog Swedish Vallhund Welsh Corgi (Cardigan) Welsh Corgi (Pembroke)

RARE BREEDS American Bulldog Kleiner Münsterländer Miniature American Shepherd Bolognese Miniature Australian Shepherd Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka Shiloh Shepherd

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Affenpinscher

AFFENPINSCHER

AFGHAN HOUND

History In the 1600s, dogs resembling the Affenpinscher were bred in Germany to rid homes and stables of vermin. Over the next hundred years, selective breeding produced a slightly smaller dog with superb ratting skills and a lively, sociable nature. It’s likely the German Pinscher, the Schnauzer and the Pug all played a part in the Affenpinscher’s development. The spirited, black-bearded terriers became part of the household – a position documented in European art from the 15th to 18th centuries. Studying the Affenpinscher’s bearded face, it’s easy to see the origin of the breed’s nickname: “Monkey Terrier”.

History Originating around the borders of Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan, the Afghan Hound is one of the oldest sighthound breeds. Rich and poor alike prized these dogs for their protective nature but most of all for their ability to hunt. Afghans were bred to be supreme hunters, pursuing everything from gazelles to hares, and even their traditional quarry, leopards. Hunted alone or in braces, Afghans relied on their independent thinking skills to successfully bring down the big cats.

AIREDALE TERRIER

Princedale’s Highlight Harley. Devoted to the breed since 1978. American/Canadian Champion bloodlines. Bred/Owned by Ginette Miron & Yvon Legault, Princedale Perm. Reg’d. princedale@videotron.ca; http://pages.infinit.net/princdal

History In the mid 1800s, middle class workers in the Aire Valley of Yorkshire, England were plagued with pests such as rats and otters. Normally, the problem was managed with terriers for the rats and water dogs for the otters. However, most people could not afford the cost of keeping multiple dogs. In 1853, breeders The breed came to Europe in the late 19th sought a solution by crossing rough-coated Black century after British soldiers spotted them in and Tan Terriers with Otterhounds. The result India. While Afghans are known for their long was the Waterside Terrier, a keen terrier-type Personality Interested in everyone and elegant coats, initially there were two varieties: hunter who could swim. The breed took off, and everything, the Affenpinscher is a social fellow the lean short-coated desert-bred hound, and was renamed the Airedale Terrier in 1879. who needs interaction with people, places and the heavier-coated mountain hound. These two The Airedale was first brought to North America other animals. He is smart and attentive, so a types were interbred after their introduction in the 1880s, and Airedales are now one of the stimulating environment brings out the best to the Western world, and the result was the most versatile terriers, hunting fur or feather, in him. As bold and stubborn as he is playful impressive hound we know today. acting as a retriever, herding and guarding. and charming, the Affenpinscher benefits from Airedales were one of the earliest police dogs Personality Elegant and sometimes aloof, the and an active presence in the First and Second knowledgeable training. Afghan Hound can seem standoffish at first. World Wars. The breed’s great versatility and Appearance 9 ½-11 ½” (24.13-28 cm) But this breed is loyal to his people, and has a size truly make the Airedale “King of Terriers”. 7-8 lb (3-3.36 kg) surprising sense of humour. Incredible athletes, Personality An intelligent and brave dog, Black or black and tan, grey, red or other Afghans require adequate exercise, but don’t be Airedales have big personalities and huge hearts. surprised to fi nd them curled up on the couch variations. Wiry coat, shaggy and longer on the afterwards. They have a high prey drive, so While they can be aloof with other dogs and legs and around eyes, nose and chin. Afghans should be watched around cats or other strangers, they are lively and playful with their own people. Regular exercise both on and off Quick Facts small animals. leash keeps these energetic dogs happy. Their Exercise Requirements Appearance 24-29” (61-73 cm) versatility and intelligence make them good for Grooming obedience or similar work. 50-60 lb (22-27 kg) Long fine coat, silken in texture, topped with short hair from the shoulder along the length of the back. Face is short-coated, head is crowned with a topknot of long hair. All colours are acceptable, but white markings are discouraged.

legend

ON Tokabout Reg’d, Diedre Devins. Mono, ON L9W 6S4. (519) 941-8688; ddevins@acn.net; www.tokaboutafghans.com

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YT Da’Ghan Reg’d, Sheila & Clif Robertson. Healthy Happy Hounds, Puppies and adults are sometimes available. Our dogs are successful in conformation, agility, hiking and lure coursing...most of all they are couch potatoes with love to share. (867) 6683885; clif@northwestel.net; www.daghans.com

Appearance 22-24” (56-61 cm) 40-45 lb (18-30 kg) Dense wiry outercoat with soft downy undercoat. Coat lies straight and close to the body, with some wave or crinkle acceptable. Tan body with saddle of black or dark grizzle on midsection. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Aireheart Airedale Terrier, Jorien Becker. We at Aireheart are a small dedicated breeder. Our family-raised Dales are our families’ heartbeat. Homeraised, socialized, cratetrained. From European Champion Bloodlines. Check our website and Facebook for complete details. Box 702 Coaldale, AB, T1M1M6. (403) 345-5062; airedalesofaireheart@gmail.com; www.aireheart.com


large number of Akitas home with them that AMERICAN COCKER SPANIEL the breed really gained popularity in North - See Spaniel (American Cocker) America.

ON Debonaire Reg’d, Debbie & Bill Klemp. Can/ Am Champion and Obedience bloodlines. Our puppies are raised in our home, in an enriched environment paying special attention to the critical imprint and socialization needs of puppies. Well-socialized show, obedience and companion puppies available to loving homes. Burlington, ON. (905) 639-6337; debonaire42@ hotmail.com; www.DebonaireAiredales.com.

Appearance 23-27.5” (58-70 cm) 75-120 lb (34-54.5 kg) Straight, harsh outer coat; short, dense undercoat; any colour is acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

ALASKAN MALAMUTE

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

AKITA

History The regal Akita is the largest Japanese Spitz breed and has been around for approximately 300 years. He is related to the Ainu and the Shiba Inu, and as his name suggests, comes from the Akita region of northern Japan. He was originally used to hunt large game like bear, deer and boar.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Gardenaire Reg’d, Pat Morris. We breed excellent, healthy champions with wonderful temperaments and exceptional conformation. All puppies are home raised & crate-trained from champion lines. RR 3, 936117 Airport Road, Mulmur, ON L9V 0L3. (705) 434-0205; grandmapatmulmur@gmail.com QC Princedale Perm. Reg’d, Ginette Miron & Yvon Legault. Devoted to the breed since 1978. American/Canadian Champion bloodlines. Quality, healthy home-raised puppies with excellent temperament. Written guarantee. Inquiries/reservations welcomed. 907 Rang 5, Lochaber Ouest, QC J0X 3B0. (819) 986-2225; princedale@videotron.ca; website: pages. infinit.net/princdal (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left.)

AMERICAN ESKIMO DOG

History Some 4,000 years ago, when the Bering Strait provided access from Siberia to Alaska, an Inuit tribe known as the Mahlemuts came to North America, bringing along their dogs. Strong, hardy and exceptionally suited to harsh northern conditions, these dogs hauled sleds and carried packs, allowing the Inuit to travel where food was most plentiful. The dogs were prized and never sold to non-Inuit homes until the Klondike Gold Rush of 1896 when American prospectors bought good dogs for hundreds of dollars. Personality The Alaskan Malamute is a friendly dog who loves all people equally and does not bond particularly closely. Early socialization and training will teach him where he stands in his family “pack”. Bred to work hard, the Alaskan Malamute needs lots of exercise, and a large fenced yard is a necessity. Appearance 23-28” (58-71 cm) 75-85 lb (34-39 kg) Thick coarse outercoat. Dense, oily wooly undercoat. Solid white, mostly white with shadings from light grey to black, sable, red.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements In 1931, the breed was declared a natural Grooming monument worthy of careful preservation. The first Akita arrived in North America in 1937 AMERICAN BULLDOG with Helen Keller, who was given one on a visit to Japan. But it wasn’t until after World War - See Rare Breed Directory II when soldiers stationed in Japan brought a

History A member of the Spitz family, which originated some 6,000 years ago with the Peat Bog Dog, the American Eskimo Dog arose from a line of dogs from Switzerland that came to be known as German Spitz. The breed came to North America in the early 1900s. Possibly due to anti-German sentiment during the First World War, the breed’s name was changed to American Spitz in 1913, and then to American Eskimo Dog in 1917. The American Eskimo Dog’s popularity arose from its widespread use in circuses from the 1920s through 1950s. Famous Eskimo Dogs performed amazing acts like walking the tightrope or dancing with clowns. With three different sizes to choose from, they appealed to a wide range of people and situations. Personality These lively dogs are highly attached to their owners and prefer not to be left alone. Energetic and intelligent, they require daily runs and enjoy opportunities to exercise their minds. They make good watchdogs and are an excellent choice for obedience or as trick dogs. Appearance Standard 15-19” (38-48 cm) 18-35 lb (8-16 kg) Miniature 11-15” (28-38 cm) 10-20 lb (4.5-9 kg) Toy 9-12” (23-30 cm) 6-10 lb (3-4.5 kg) Long straight outercoat with dense undercoat. White is preferred, but biscuit or cream are acceptable.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Kiskapoo Kennels, Virginia Collins. Priority to structure and temperament. Health guarantee. Show and companion pups available. Miniatures and Toys. All adults tested for PRA by OptiGen. (403) 362-7399; kiskapoo@eidnet.org; http://kiskapoo.eidnet.ca White Phantom Reg’d, Susan Noden. Toy, Miniature and Standard sizes. Optigen tested. RR 2, New Norway, AB. T0B 3L0. (780) 8552577; (780) 781-4706; scrane@syban.net; www.whitephantomkennels.com

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Personality The Akita is dignified, fearless and very loyal to his owner. He likes to dominate other dogs, and is reserved with people he doesn’t know. An alert, quiet dog who only BC barks occasionally, he makes a good family Majubadale Perm. Reg’d, Carol Godfrey. (604) companion, but he’s also active, powerful and 823-4925; majubadale@shaw.ca athletic and needs lots of outdoor exercise.

American Eskimo Dog

Zsuzse Airedales, Suzanne Zwarun. Top quality puppies for all activities. Full of deviltry and humour. Seventh generation of an exceptionally intelligent maternal family. Homeraised, health guaranteed, OFA certified. Rocky View, AB. (403) 279-5815; zwaruns@telus.net; www.airedale-zsuzse.com


AUSTRALIAN CATTLE DOG

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

AMERICAN STAFFORDSHIRE TERRIER

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

American Foxhound

AMERICAN FOXHOUND

History Englishman Robert Brooke sailed with his pack of hunting dogs to North America in 1650. A century later, the dogs were paired with a similar breed from France, who had been gifted to George Washington, and the result was the American Foxhound, which would form the basis of every strain of hound in North America. The American Foxhound was trained to work alongside horses for fox hunting, and was bred to be lighter, taller, faster and with a keener sense of smell than its English counterpart. Known for over 200 years for their stamina, they are still used primarily for hunting, and there are now four different categories to consider: field trial hounds, slow-trailing hounds, drag/trail hounds, and pack hounds. Personality A great companion for athletic owners, the American Foxhound can run for hours without tiring. While he can be sweet and affectionate indoors, his independent disposition can shift quickly when outside, so positive and consistent training at an early age is very important to harness his intense and courageous nature. With his mild personality, the American Foxhound can become an ideal family member, as long as his exercise needs are met. Traditionally a pack animal, he can be very protective if he believes he’s the leader, so establish boundaries at a young age. Appearance 21-25” (53-64 cm) 65-75 lb (29-34 kg) Close, hard coat that can be any colour, most commonly a variation of black, white and tan. A tall hound with long, straight front legs. Kind brown eyes set in a large, slightly domed head with wide ears that fall flat to frame the face, and a long tail with slight upward curve.

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History As his name suggests, the Australian Cattle Dog was bred to work cattle in the “land History Like its cousins, the Staffordshire Bull down under”. The stockmen needed a rugged Terrier and the American Pit Bull Terrier, this herding dog that could move the wily, free range slightly larger breed also originated from ancient cattle over long distances, across tough terrain Greek mastiff-type dogs. These were the powerful and in unseasonable weather. They carefully canines who fought in arenas throughout the developed the Australian Cattle Dog from a Roman Empire. Butchers used the determined variety of breeds, including blue merle Smooth dogs to help control bulls; hunters used them to Collies, the native Dingo, and the Kelpie. catch and hold wild boar and other game. In Before settling on the current name, the breed England, these roles changed to bull- and bear- was known as the Queensland Heeler, the Blue baiting until both “sports” were banned in 1835. Heeler and the Australian Heeler. Out of the ring, the breed won admiration for Personality Courageous, intelligent, and alert, its handsome appearance and lasting affection the Australian Cattle Dog’s innate loyalty makes for its owner. him a natural watchdog and guardian. Not It was this affable nature that made the breed surprisingly, his devotion to duty can make him popular with North American settlers as guard wary of strangers. Training and exercise are and hunting dogs. In 1936, the AKC recognized crucial, and fortunately, this breed is eager to the American Pit Bull Terrier but altered the learn and please! name to Staffordshire Terrier. In 1972, the Appearance 17-20” (43-51 cm) name was amended again. The American 33-50 lb (15-23 kg) Staffordshire Terrier sets the breed apart from Sturdy, compact, strong and muscular with its smaller cousin. a moderately short, straight outer coat and a Personality The American Staffordshire short dense undercoat. Coat is not clipped or Terrier can make a stable, loyal and loving friend trimmed. Recognized colours are Blue, which when socialized at an early age, and trained by can include blue or blue-mottled, with or someone knowledgeable. He responds quickly without black, blue or tan markings, and Red, and eagerly to instruction. He may be aggressive which features a coat with an even red speckle with other dogs. He needs multiple daily walks to keep him fit and stimulated, and walks that Quick Facts bring a “Staffie” in contact with other dogs and Exercise Requirements Grooming people contribute to his socialization. Appearance 17-19” (43-48 cm) 57-67 lb (26-30.5 kg)

AUSTRALIAN KELPIE

Close, glossy coat of any colour. Solid or patched is permissible, but all white, or more than 80 percent white, black and tan, or liver are discouraged. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming BC Charger Reg’d. Since 1992. Breeding to the standard for sound minds and bodies. Strong, athletic, intelligent and driven to please the Am Staff is diverse but does require positive social interactions and ongoing experienced training. Quality home raised puppies from champion and working bloodlines available to loving approved homes. Health guarantee and lifetime breeder support. April & Matt Perrin, Quesnel, BC. (250) 249-5070; cell (250) 682-0948; cast@ chargeramstaffs.com; www.chargeramstaffs.com

History Few breeds can trace their ancestry as directly as the Australian Kelpie. Brutus and Jenny were two black and tan Smooth Collies brought to Australia from Scotland in the 1870s. One of their pups was bred to a clever, female Australian dog named Kelpie (Gaelic for “water sprite”). One of this litter was the image of her mother and christened Kelpie II. In 1872, Kelpie II outperformed


Barbet

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

BARBET

Today, Australian Kelpies herd sheep with uncanny instinct, but the breed is equally YT Ritcheiver Reg’d, skilled at working cattle.

AUSTRALIAN TERRIER

Appearance 17-23” (43-58 cm) 26-45 lb (11-20 kg) Short-coated either black, red, blue, fawn or cream, in solid or with tan markings, with or without minimal white markings.

Photo: Tidewalker Reg’d

Personality A tireless dog “who would rather work than eat”, the Kelpie requires an environment that challenges his intelligence, agility and stamina. He will thrive at Agility, Disc Dog and Flyball, and his eagerness to please qualifies him for obedience work. As long as he is properly socialized around children, he is a calm and friendly pet at home.

Bonnitta Ritchie. (867) 399-3400; ritcheiverknnls@msn.com; www. ritcheiverkennels.com

Ch. Flacon D’Paris of Neigenuveaux. Versatile beyond imaginable belief. Suited for almost every family. Bred/ Owned by Florence Erwin, Neigenuveaux Perm. Reg’d, Mississauga, ON. www.4paws4u2.com

History An ancient breed, the Barbet is the likely progenitor of many modern dogs, Quick Facts including Bichons, Griffons, Otterhounds, Exercise Requirements Newfoundlands, Briards and Poodles. Grooming References to this French water dog, named for History The Australian Terrier appeared in the its characteristic “barbe” or beard, date back as late 19th century and was the first Australian- early as the 14th century, though the breed is AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD bred dog to be recognized in Australia. Rugged, believed to be far older than that. hardy and fearless, with short legs, sturdiness, Originally used to retrieve at sea, the Barbet’s and speed, the Australian Terrier was an ideal thick wooly coat and webbed feet make him hunter who helped control rodent problems. an ideal gun dog in swamps. Unfortunately, as In addition to his hunting skills, he served as a breeds like the Poodle gained popularity, the devoted companion and helper during tough Barbet was forgotten and nearly became extinct times and in tough terrain. The breed comes in the late 19th century. Fortunately, breed from a mix of terriers brought to Australia by enthusiasts worked to preserve it. Scottish and Northern English settlers. He gets his blue fading colour from the Yorkshire Terrier, Personality This brave and loyal dog is a his short legs from the Scottish Terrier, and his loving pet and truly devoted to his family. Like History The Australian Shepherd had its adorable topknot from the Dandie Dinmont any water dog, he enjoys a swim no matter what beginnings in Spain and Andorra with Basque Terrier. Other breed influences include the Skye the weather. Eager to please, he loves a good shepherds who used Pyrenean Shepherds to care and the Old Black and Tan Terrier. romp outside and is easy to train. for their herds. These dogs followed the Basques as Personality This all-purpose, high energy Appearance 20-25” (51-65 com) they travelled first to Australia, then to the United 33-55 lb (15-25 kg) States in the 1840s. Once in North America, the dog is cheerful, friendly, and always up for an dogs were assumed to have originated in Australia adventure. They are quick learners, highly Long wooly coat, forms cords naturally. Hair intelligent, and have a strong desire to please, and were named accordingly. on head reaches to the nose and covers eyes. which makes them ideal for training. Their By the late 1800s, the breed became quite intelligence means that they can get bored if Thick beard and moustache. Comes in a popular in the western states. The dogs were not stimulated, so it is a good idea to keep an variety of solid colours: black, grey, white, known for their intelligence, versatility, and of Australian Terrier fairly busy. As born hunters, tawny, chestnut, red fawn, sandy, pied. course, their excellent herding ability. Over the they are prone to chasing after small animals, Quick Facts years, the breed has been augmented with others so keep an eye out if squirrels are around! Exercise Requirements such as Smithfields, Border Collies and Collies, Grooming eventually producing the Australian Shepherd Australian Terriers build strong bonds with their families, but can appear aloof to outsiders. we now know and love. They’re also quick to defend their families from ON Personality Smart and friendly. Australian other dogs or strangers, which makes them ideal Neigenuveaux Perm Reg’d. Home of Shepherds do equally well as family pets or working watchdogs. MBIS, MBISS, GCHEX Flacon D’Paris of herders. Because of their working origin, these Neigenuveaux. #1 Barbet, #2 Sporting Dog, dogs require lots of exercise. They make excellent Appearance 10-11” (25-28 cm) #10 All Breeds 2013. Happy, healthy puppies Approx. 14 lb (6.5 kg) obedience and sporting dogs, learn quickly and are home raised from certified healthy, well love their jobs. Harsh, straight outercoat with soft undercoat. tempered parents. Let our 30 plus years of Appearance 18-23” (45-58 cm) Silky, light-coloured topknot. Distinct ruff and breeding experience help guide you to your 40-65 lb (18-29 kg) apron. Colours include solid red, solid sandy, new best friend. For more information, please contact us. (905) 821-9028; eflorence@bell. Weather-resistant double coat whose undercoat various shades of blue and tan. varies seasonally. Moderate mane and frill. Quick Facts A variety of colours including black, red, blue Exercise Requirements merle and red merle. Various white and/or tan Grooming markings and points.

net; www.4paws4u2.com/ (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement above and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

Barbet continued on next page.

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her competitors at New South Wales’ first sheepdog trial. Thereafter, the famous dog’s offspring became known as Kelpie’s pups.


are raised in a home environment and are available occasionally to approved homes. (705) 783-1106; roverbarbets@gmail.com; www.roverbarbets.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) Tree Beard Reg’d. Dedicated to using only sound health-certified dogs of excellent temperament, type and structure. OFA hips and elbows, CERF eyes, and DNA’d. Home-raised, well socialized puppies occasionally available to approved homes only. 125 Thare Cres., Nepean, ON K2J 2J1. (613) 823-6256; treebeardbarbets@ rogers.com; www.treebeardbarbets.com

BASENJI

Quick Facts

Short smooth coat. Generally tri-colour (black, white, tan) or bi-colour (lemon, white) but may come in any typical hound colouring. Skin is elastic and somewhat baggy (this loose skin ON needs to be kept clean, particularly around the Africanadian Basenjis Perm. Reg’d is a group eyes and ears). Long droopy ears. Long back of ultra selective co-breeders working together with short stocky legs. to achieve superior conformation, temperament, health, movement and trainability. We measure every angle and consider every detail when selecting matings and future show prospects. Our co-owned breeding prospects are located in Petawawa, Pembroke, Ottawa, Toronto and Montreal. We produce only one litter per home per year. Our pups are raised in the living room with the family. s-allen@mail.com; www.africanadianbasenjis.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement to left)

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Personality The Basenji’s inquisitive nature is reflected in his alert, curious expression. He is an intelligent dog who thrives in a stimulating environment where he can use his acute sense of sight and smell. The Basenji benefits from exercising in large, safe areas. Aloof toward strangers, but eager to accompany their owners, Basenjis do not like to be left alone. And despite their nickname, Basenjis do vocalize; they can “chortle”, yodel and crow like roosters. Another unique feature of the breed is their cleanliness. Basenjis groom themselves like cats, and are essentially odourless. Appearance 16-17” (40.5-43 cm) 21-24 lb (9.5-11 kg) 98

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Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Golden Asset Reg’d, Mary Greenwood. Experience does make a difference! Home of the 2013 and 2014 #1 Basset Hound in Canada and in 2015 Home of the #1 Basset Hound Puppy in Breed and in Group. We have been breeding and caring for quality basset hounds since 1998. All our dogs conform to CKC breed standard and have yearly eye clearances. Our pups come with CKC Registration, Guarantee, Shots, Vet Checked, Health records and lots more. Pups available occasionally. Everett, ON (705) 440-7644; mjg@goldenassetkennels.ca; www.goldenassetkennels.ca Pennies Logo’n Basset Hounds, Penny Bernas. Breeder of Top Quality Basset Hounds excellent bloodlines and temperaments. CKC registered. References available. Top Canadian Basset Hound for 2009 to 2012. 325 Governors Rd East Paris, ON N3L 3E1 Text or call (519) 755-2597; Home (519) 753-0288; pennieslogo@hotmail. com; www.penniesbassethounds.com

Africanadian Kulu. Dam is CH Africanadian Gem of Ahmahr Nahr, sire is CH Africanadian Khufu Ahmahr Nahr. Bred/Owned by Sanda Allen, Africanadian Basenjis Perm. Reg’d.

“The African Barkless Dog” was brought to the UK in 1936. The breed’s unique qualities and appearance piqued interest there and in North America, and Basenjis soon gained popularity.

Appearance 13-15” (33-38 cm) 50-70 lb (22-32 kg)

Exercise Requirements Grooming

BASSET HOUND

History This ancient breed originated in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where its intelligence and speed made it an ideal hunting dog. Devoted to its owners, Basenjis provided protection, as well as companionship. The breed is thought to have descended from the earliest pariah dogs and it has evolved for survival. Basenjis possess a marked sturdiness.

enjoys a good romp, the Basset is known for stamina rather than speed. Basset Hounds love their food, and should be watched for excess weight gain.

History “Basset” is based on the French word “bas”, which means “low”. The dog we now know as the Basset Hound originated in France. It was founded on two Basset Artésien Normand littermates named Fino de Paris and Model, who were imported to England in 1874. In an effort to define the new English Basset, the breed was greatly inbred and began to fail. In 1892, judge and breeder Everett Millais decided to revive the breed by adding Bloodhound lineage. The result was the large, low-slung droopy-eyed dog now known as the Basset Hound. While Basset Hounds were initially bred for dog shows rather than sport, they were unique hunting dogs whose slower pace allowed for a different style of hunting. Bassets were primarily used to hunt badger and hare. The breed was first imported to North America in 1883, but didn’t gain popularity here until the 1920s. By the 1950s, the Basset Hound was a familiar sight, appearing in many films and TV shows and acting as the logo for Hush Puppies.

BEAGLE

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Barbet

Short, sleek coat in four colour variations: red and white, black and white, brindle and white, and tri-colour, all markings with distinct RoVer Barbets, Veronica Matthews. Our demarcations. Prick ears, unique forehead goal is to provide happy balanced family wrinkles and tight, curly tail give them an companions. Parents are health tested. Puppies appealing look.

History Primarily used as a rabbit-hunting dog, the Beagle may have been around since 430 BC, when Xenophon referred to a small hound that hunted hares by scent and was followed on foot. During the time of Henry VIII, the Beagle was small enough to be carried to the hunting ground in a sleeve or saddle bag. This small size was impractical, however, and the use of Beagles in hunting greatly declined by the reign of Personality Super easy-going, the Basset Elizabeth I. The breed was kept alive by the Hound is a great family pet. He can be stubborn farmers of southern England, where the dogs at times, but is generally a well-behaved pleasant were favoured for their skill at hunting rabbits. companion. Like any scent hound, he may get Beagles were brought to North America during distracted by an interesting smell. While he the 1840s, and continued to be used for hunting.


Appearance 13-16” (33-40 cm) 22-35 lb (10-16 kg) Dense, hard weatherproof coat of medium length. Any typical hound colour or combination of colours. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

The breed as we now know it descends from the efforts of Mrs. G.O. Willison, who purchased her first Bearded Collie in 1946. When the dog was two years old, she had it inspected for registration and Jeannie of Bothkennar became the first Bearded Collie to be registered in nine years. The first Bearded Collies in North America likely arrived in the 1890s, but they were not established as a breed until 1970. Personality Full of bounce and general good spirits, the Bearded Collie is a fun-loving dog. This charming fellow enjoys the outdoors, and doesn’t mind if the weather is wet or grey. A loving family pet, the bubbly Bearded Collie also makes a wonderful therapy dog.

DOG

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Niddrie Barbara, Shaggylane Perm Reg’d. Box 8, Site 26, RR 1, DeWinton, AB T0L 0X0. (403938-2259) ON Larkslane Reg’d, Eleanor Teplin. Hamilton, ON. (905) 692-1537; lteplin@rogers.com QC Dovmar Reg’d, Diane Newman. Montreal, QC. (514) 488-1966; dovmar@sympatico.ca

BEDLINGTON TERRIER Photo: Alice Van Kempen

BEARDED COLLIE

History Bearded Collies were first developed in Scotland, where for centuries they were bred as a herding and droving dog. The breed’s specific canine antecedents are uncertain, though some claim Polish Lowland Sheepdogs were a primary ancestor. Whatever their history, the breed became very popular in the Victorian era. Efforts to create a registry for Bearded Collies in the late 19th century met with difficulty. While several dogs met the breed description, few were ever registered.

Belgian Shepherd

Personality With his outgoing personality, the Beagle is quick to win over the human heart. He is confident, playful and always cheerful. Being a hunting hound, the Beagle does have a loud voice and can be a bit noisy at times. He loves to get out and about, exploring the world around him. Beagles are relatively easy to train, and particularly enjoy their treats.

Appearance 20-22” (51-56 cm) Quick Facts 40-60 lb (18-27 kg) Exercise Requirements Shaggy flat overcoat. Soft close undercoat. Grooming Beard. Black, blue, brown, grey or fawn in colour, with or without white and tan markings. BELGIAN SHEPHERD Colour tends to fade with age.

History Known worldwide as the Belgian Gorenendael, the Belgian Shepherd is the most popular of the four breeds of Belgian Sheepdogs. The name comes from the village of Gorenendael in Belgium, where the Belgium breeder and restaurateur, Nicholas Rose, refined this noble breed. Belgian herding dogs have existed for centuries, but the breeds were not distinguished from one another until the 1800s. These black herding dogs found their calling in World War I when their sharp instincts and intelligence proved useful for finding wounded soldiers, detecting bombs, and carrying messages to the front lines. They have since been used in police and detective work, search and rescue, and as service dogs for the blind and people with special needs.

Personality The hardworking Belgian Shepherd History Hailing from the Rothbury Forest region was born to serve, and loves having a purpose of Northumberland in England, the Rothbury in life. Typically utilized by professionals for his Terrier was originally a versatile all-round pest- detective skills and keen nose, he is also a loyal controller who kept the coal mines free of rats. family dog. Sensitive and intelligent, he does much Though an excellent rat and badger dog, his better with a gentle, positive approach rather versatile nature led breeders to add Otterhound than stern guidance. Quick to learn, the Belgian bloodlines to allow the dogs to swim down otters, Shepherd excels at agility sports and activities, and and Whippet bloodlines to add speed, allowing is suitable for someone who leads an active lifestyle. them to run down hares. The longer-legged type Appearance 21-26.5” (53-67.5 cm) became known as the Bedlington Terrier. 44-66 lb (20-30 kg) The new Bedlington Terriers were exceptional Long, black, double-coat with straight guard game dogs that didn’t tolerate other dogs hairs. Undercoat is soft, wooly, and dense. Will interfering with their work. Their speed and occasionally have white markings on outercoat. versatility endeared them to poachers, and the Collarette around neck. breed is still sometimes called the “gypsy dog”. When introduced to the show world, breeders Quick Facts Exercise Requirements developed the dog’s characteristic lamb-like clip. Grooming Personality Versatile and intelligent, the Bedlington Terrier can learn to do just about anything. He is intensely loyal to his people, though this can change to protectiveness if he feels his family is threatened. With great spirit and Very minimal a playful charming nature, the Bedlington is said to have the heart of a lion in the body of a lamb. Minimal

legend

Appearance 15-18” (38-45 cm) 17-23 lb (7.5-10.5 kg) Crispy, thick and linty coat, with mixture of hard and soft hair that stands away from the body. Tendency to curl, particularly on head and face. Topknot. Blue, blue and tan, liver and tan, sandy, sandy and tan.

Average More than average Maximum

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In England, efforts to create a breed standard were underway, but a similar effort didn’t begin in the United States until the 1870s. Interestingly, the new breed became more popular in North America than England, and has remained among the top ten most popular dogs for well over 30 years.


BICHON FRISE

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Bernese Mountain Dog

BERNESE MOUNTAIN DOG

History One of four types of Swiss Mountain Dogs, the Bernese Mountain Dog (also known as the Berner Sennenhunde), was a working animal, commonly seen driving livestock or hitched to a cart and pulling goods to market. The breed likely originated from the crossbreeding of Mastiffs, brought to Switzerland by the Romans, with local herding dogs.

MBIS BISS Can GCH. AOM AM GCH. Luvit Dalnavert A Movado Sportivo. “Robbie’s” co-owners: Bernice and Brian Lucas, Linda Ross, Carolyne Cybulsky

History It’s difficult to track the history of many “small white dogs” since they thrived around the world, but the Bichon Frise is thought to have its origins with the Bichon Tenerife, named after one of the Canary Islands off the coast of Spain. As technology improved, working dogs were no Sailors in the region became enamoured with longer necessary, so the breed saw a significant the breed and often took the dogs with them decrease in numbers in the late 19th century. when they sailed. In France, the Bichon Frise In 1892, a group of Swiss nationals founded was popular with Royals, including King Henry a breeding colony in an effort to preserve the III of France, who was said to carry his Bichon Swiss Mountain Dog. The breed was imported in a tray-like basket that he hung from his neck to North America in the 1930s and has gained with ribbons. During the French Revolution, however, the dogs were tossed out on the streets, popularity over the years. where the breed’s intelligent and playful nature Personality A very loyal dog, the Bernese made it a natural performer for organ grinders Mountain Dog is an even-tempered fellow who and circuses. makes an excellent family dog. He is a good watchdog with a teddy-bear personality. This The Bichon Frise was threatened during the dog is slow to mature, and retains his playful World Wars, but a group of French breeders got personality as he grows. As a working breed, the together in the early 1930s to define and protect Bernese Mountain Dog benefits from having a job. it and in 1956, a French couple brought their breeding Bichons to North America. Appearance 23-28” (58-70 cm) Personality A bubbly and happy dog, the 80-110 lb (36-50 kg) Bichon Frise is a delightful companion to have Long, thick soft coat, slightly wavy or straight. around the house. He is quite attached to his Undercoat varies according to the season. owner, and loves to be the center of attention. A gentle nature and good manners make him Tricolour (black, white, tan). suitable for a variety of homes. Quick Facts Appearance 9-12” (23-30 cm) Exercise Requirements 7-12 lb (3-5.5 kg) Grooming

PUREBRED

AB BLoemco Reg’d, Hank & Grace Bloemert. Box 1081, Picture Butte, AB T0K 1V0. (403) 738-4261; bloemcos@telus.net; www.bloemcokennel.com

MB Dalnavert Kennels Perm Reg’d. Breeding since 1978. Well known for breeding top quality, healthy, outgoing puppies that come from parents who have met their health clearances. Puppies are CKC reg.,micro chipped, vet checked, and vaccinated prior to careful placement in their “forever” homes. Members of the BFCC and BFCA. Winnipeg, MB area.(204) 878-3268; blucas@mts.net; www.dalnavertkennels.ca (See our Breed Ambassador Ad at left) ON Campion Reg’d, Marilyn & Alan Torrance. Beautiful bichon puppies from Canadian and American top breed lines; well bred, healthy, CKC registered, well-socialized, home-raised puppies. We have been the proud owners of Bichon Frises since 1980 and we would be pleased to answer inquiries about our lovely breed! Carp, ON. (613) 839-7716; bichons@xplornet.com

BLACK AND TAN COONHOUND

History This tracking breed is a descendant of the Bloodhounds brought to colonial Virginia to help farmers rid their land of raccoons. Thought to have been crossed with American Foxhounds, the combination produced a powerful, alert dog with the stamina to hunt prey all night long. The Black and Tan Coonhound’s trademark long ears help capture and retain scent, enabling it to drive quarry up a tree and hold it there until hunters arrive (called “treeing”). Determined and courageous, Black and Tan Coonhounds Coarse curly outercoat with soft dense hunt bears, deer and even mountain lions. They undercoat. White. continue their reputation as exceptional trackers.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Personality A consummate Southern gentleman, the Black and Tan Coonhound is a sociable dog of stable temperament. He is an ON Bichon Frise Club of Canada, Inc. For Bichon intelligent, faithful dog who enjoys a country Goldenbreez Reg’d, Patricia Parkinson. Frise referrals and information, please contact” lifestyle with lots of activity. As he is bred to work Home raised, well socialized, quality pups. BFCC secretary Marilyn Torrance, Carp/Ottawa, with other scent hounds, the Black and Tan Selected for temperament, soundness, and Ontario. (613) 839-7716; bichons@xplornet. Coonhound is not aggressive with other dogs or longevity. Parents cleared, many generations com; www.bichonfriseclubofcanada.com people. He can be excited, but off the trail, he is of certifications. Several imported champion a mellow companion – kind and confident. lines. Pups sold with health and temperament written guarantees. Breeding for 25 years. After purchase support. Naturally reared, some raw. Dealers for Healthy Paws. Approved families/ individuals only. (519) 343-3013 Home; (519) 343-4482 Fax; pat@goldenbreezkennels.com; www.goldenbreezkennels.com

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BC Herman, Suzanne. Home-raised, healthy, happy puppies guaranteed. Do not hesitate to call for more information. 53859 McGregor Road, Rosedale, BC V0X 1X1. (604) 794-7119; hermans@uniserve.com

Appearance 23-27” (58-69 cm) 65-100 lb (29-45 kg) Dense short coat – and true to his name – black with tan markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


History During the 1930s, the Russian military searched for a large terrier-type dog to become a part of their national security force. They started the Red Star Kennel, dedicated to locating suitable breeds and combining them to produce the perfect military dog. While the Second World War delayed their efforts, the experiment, which involved crossing some 17 different breeds, eventually produced a suitable large, tough and agile dog they named the Black Russian Terrier.

from Belgium, the Schweisshund was crossed with Talbot Hounds and Southern Hounds to produce this superb tracking dog with the distinctive voice. This “king” among scent hounds was used by nobility to hunt stag. The name Bloodhound refers to the owners’ high status. The Bloodhound appeared on the English Kennel Club’s first register in 1873, and over a century later, it is still renowned for tracking criminals, fugitives and missing people.

Personality Considered one of the most intelligent breeds, the Border Collie can think for himself and is first and foremost a working Personality Lots! Extremely affectionate, dog. He needs mental stimulation to be happy, sensitive – even shy, the Bloodhound needs whether working with sheep or in obedience company. An aristocrat who is not above and agility trials. Because of his herding being a clown, he makes a loyal family dog. instinct, a Border Collie tends to herd anyone Bloodhounds can be a challenge to train, and everyone around him. This makes him because following a scent is their priority! A more appropriate for older children. contained yard will keep him from following his Appearance 19-22” (48-56 cm) nose into uninvited territory. 30-45 lb (12-20 kg) Appearance 23-27” (58-69 cm) Double coat that varies in length. Outercoat 80-110 lb (36-49.5 kg) can be long, medium or short. Innercoat is 3 colours: black and tan, liver and tan, and red. short and dense. All colours and mixes of White marking acceptable on chest, feet and tip of colours acceptable: black and white, blue and tail. Facial wrinkles and loose upper lips (or flews). white, chocolate and white, red and white, blue merle, tricolour (black, tan, white). Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Quick Facts Grooming Exercise Requirements

Red Star maintained exclusivity of the breed until 1956, when second and third generation puppies became available to private breeders. Black Russian Terriers remain uncommon ON Copperleigh outside their native Russia. Personality The Black Russian Terrier is a calm confident dog who is loyal to his people, yet aloof with strangers. He is highly intelligent and takes well to training, though early socialization is necessary to curb overprotectiveness. Outdoors he is a happy bouncy fellow, while indoors he is content to relax and follow his family around the house. The Black Russian Terrier is very attached to his people and does not do well if left alone. Appearance 25-31” (64-77 cm) 80-143 lb (36-65 kg)

Border Collie. Prized for his trainability and “eye” (the hypnotic way he stares at sheep to will them to move as desired), the Border Collie was imported to North America in the early 1900s and proved himself an essential working farm dog.

Reg’d, Sharon McKinnon. Bloodhounds and only bloodhounds since 1992. Our hounds are first and foremost wonderful family members; bred for temperament, health, proper conformation and of course longevity. Very selective breeding and all our puppies are raised in our home underfoot. Available to approved show, working and pet homes. RR1, Emsdale, ON P0A 1J0. (705) 636-1995; copperleigh@live. com; www.copperleighbloodhounds.com

BOLOGNESE

Border Terrier

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

BLACK RUSSIAN TERRIER

Grooming ON Marley. With seven generations and over 30 years’ breed experience for quality, health, temperament and training. Always available for help and advice. Please visit my website. (519) 529-7142; marleysheepdogs@hurontel.on.ca; www.marleysheepdogs.com

BORDER TERRIER

- See Rare Breed Directory

BORDER COLLIE

Hard, rough, ample broken outercoat. Thick soft undercoat. Moustache and beard. Black or black with grey hairs. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History The Bloodhound can trace its ancestry to the Norman conquest of 1066. Originally

History Sheep herding was a significant occupation in the border country between Scotland, England and Wales. When Romans introduced herding with dogs, herders began selecting canines for the task and interbred a variety of specialized breeds to produce the best working sheep dog, generally called a Collie. In 1894, a dog named Old Hemp, who was considered the ideal sheep dog, became the founder of what is now known as the

History A common problem for shepherds in Scottish-English border regions were foxes and other sheep-stealing animals. To counter this problem, they needed a dog fast enough to keep up with these animals but small enough to get into their dens. Concerned farmers from the Northumberland valley of Coquetdale worked to breed a dog long-legged enough to course with horses, yet short enough to be able to go to ground. These dogs were originally called Coquetdale or Reedwater Terriers after the Border Terrier continued on next page.

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BLOODHOUND


Wiry, broken-looking outercoat with short dense Silky outercoat is long. Can be wavy, flat, or undercoat. Black and tan, grizzle and tan, red, curly. Undercoat is soft and dense. Curly frill around neck. Long legs and body. Variety of wheaten. May have white markings. colours and patterns. Quick Facts Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Exercise Requirements Grooming Grooming ON Wimberway Kennels & Farm Perm. Reg’d, Sandy Briggs. Puppies sometimes available. Stud Service to approved bitches. All adults have hip, elbow and eye clearances. Powassan, ON. sandy@wimberway.com; www.wimberway.com

BOSTON TERRIER

BORZOI

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Short smooth coat. Black or brindle with white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON A A & T Boston Terriers, Pat Shropshall. Home raised puppies, health guaranteed, CKC reg’d. 17 Mill St, York, ON. (905) 765-2009; bostons4you@aol.com Brenheather Reg’d. Champion lines, quality home-raised puppies occasionally. (613) 476-7587; (613) 822-0509; terrym@kos.net Hornerbrook Reg’d, Jacques R. LaPierre & Nathalie L. LaPierre. PO Box 88, Verona ON, K0H 2W0. (613) 372-1544; hornrbrk@kingston. net; www.hornerbrook.com Sassy Kennel Reg’d, Sharon Hicks. Our goal is to produce bostons true to the standard. We have been breeding Bostons for 3 decades. Home-raised for companions, conformation, and performance dogs. Vet checked with the first vaccination and micro-chipped. Registered with the CKC. Our puppies are well socialized from our Chanpion lines. Fenwick ON L0S 1C0. (905) 892-6781; sassykennel@gmail.com; www. sassykennel.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement to left)

BOUVIER DES FLANDRES

Can. Ch. Sassy’s Loyal Luigi CKC, Three Decades of Champions. Bred/Owned by Sharon & Stuart Hicks, Sassy Kennels Reg’d.

History This speedy and agile dog has origins dating back to the early centuries of Russian history. Used to course wolves, foxes, and hares in the open Russian terrain, the modern Borzoi is the result of a Russian Duke’s efforts to create a fast, durable hunter by crossing Arabian sighthounds with native coursing hounds and shepherds. Since the Borzoi had to rely more on sight than scent while hunting, the dogs needed to be light and quick on their feet as well as intelligent and independent thinkers.

Appearance 15-17” (38-43 cm) 15-25 lb (7-11.5 kg)

History As its name suggests, the Boston Terrier originated in Boston, Massachusetts. A product of crossing Bulldogs with Bull Terriers, the Boston Terrier was originally bred for dog-fighting and bull-baiting. In fact, Boston resident Robert C. Hooper purchased an English Bulldog in the mid-1800s for this very purpose. When these sports were banned, those who loved the breed worked to redefine the Boston Terrier. After many generations of careful selection, a stable breed with a “gentlemanly” temperament was produced. Then known as the Round-Headed Bull and Terrier, the breed did not acquire its current name until 1891. Since then it has remained a highly popular dog.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Border Terrier

Personality The Borzoi often behaves more like a cat than a dog. Quiet, dignified, and agile, he is self-aware, independent and fond of locales where they lived and worked. They have refined behaviours. You won’t usually find him the same ancestry as other terriers in northern engaging in rough or boisterous play but he can England, and were hunted alongside Border be quite affectionate and extremely loyal. His Foxhounds. Border Terriers came to North stubborn streak is just his way of communicating America in the early 1900s. that he wants to be treated like an intelligent Personality Like most terriers, the Border being capable of making good decisions. This Terrier is a big dog in a small package. He is trait dates back to having to think quickly while tough and full of energy while hunting and hunting in open terrain. The Borzoi loves to give working, but calmer in the home than many chase and is even more beautiful when in full other types of terrier. Obedient and affectionate, stride, but is happy with daily walks or runs in enclosed areas. he is a pleasant family dog. Appearance 26-33.5 in (66-85 cm) Appearance 11-16” (28-50 cm) 60-105 lb (27-47.5 kg) 11-16 lb (5-7 kg)

History In the plains of Flanders, Belgium, people needed a dog that could do it all. The Bouvier was expected to herd and drive cattle, act as a watch and guard dog, kill vermin, pull a cart, and be a family companion. By 1910, there were four different varieties of Bouvier in Flanders. Because of their brave and willing spirit, Bouviers were used as messenger and ambulance dogs during the First World War, but the breed was decimated and only preserved through the efforts of Belgian army veterinarian, Captain Darby. By the end of the war, the four varieties of Bouvier The Russian aristocracy was particularly fond had been combined, creating the Bouvier des of the Borzoi due to its exotic and elegant Personality Although the Boston Terrier’s Flandres. The dogs continued their military duties appearance. Unfortunately, this meant that ancestors were bred for fighting, he is now known in the Second World War, where their keen noses the breed was a target during the Russian for his docile, biddable temperament. He is made them suitable for scenting land mines and Revolution and was almost eradicated. However, intelligent and can adapt to any living situation ammunition dumps. the breed has since regained its popularity and is he finds himself in. While he enjoys a good romp, Arriving in North America in the 1920s, these a favourite at dog shows. he’s not overly active and is happy to exercise by versatile dogs also work as seeing-eye dogs, therapy following his people around the home. dogs, search and rescue dogs, police dogs and more. 102

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Short shiny coat that lies flat against the body. Appearance 22-27” (56-69 cm) Fawn, brindle. May have white markings, 65-100 lb (29-46 kg) black mask. Long, hard shiny outercoat, slightly wavy and Quick Facts lying flat against the body. Fine tight undercoat. Exercise Requirements Moustache and beard. Black, shades of grey, Grooming tawny. May have white markings.

Appearance 23-28” (59-70 cm) 60-100 lb (27-45 kg)

ON A B C Ambato Boxers of Canada Reg’d. Ambato Boxers is proud to offer you top quality boxer puppies CKC. Also occassional adults for adoption. Our Boxers are made and raised with love. They are home raised. We have the whole Boxer family to meet them. 10 years life expectancy guaranteed. Boxers are our passion. Visitors Welcome. 32573 Feeder Road W., Wainfleet, ON L0S 1V0. (905) 899-1179; abc@ ambatoboxers.com; www.ambatoboxers.com

AB Alberta Bouvier des Flanders Club, Susan Hawke - Treasurer. Edmonton, AB. (780) 435-8835; albertabdfc@xplornet.ca; www.albertabouvierclub.ca

BOXER

Kaco Boxers Reg’d is a reputable breeder located in the Kawartha Lakes. We pride ourselves on importing only the highest quality and healthiest lines found in Europe. Our puppies are produced from multiple generations of health tested parents with proven longevity. We health test for Hip Dysplasia, Sub-Aortic Stenosis, Cardiomyopathy, Thyroid Disease and Degenerative Myelopathy. Our goal is to produce the healthiest, temperamentally sound and best looking European Boxers in all of Canada. We offer a 3 year health guarantee and lifelong breeder support. Please feel free to check out our website at www.kacoboxers.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement to left)

Chris York, Owned by Kari & Collin Skinner, Kaco Boxers Reg’d. 100% European Import from Hungary. Cameron, ON. www.kacoboxers.com

History The Boxer’s ancestors were called Molossians; they were large, strong dogs used by the Assyrians in battle thousands of years ago. A cross between Bulldogs and the small Mastiff-type Bullenbeisser, which was used to bait bulls, hunt and pull carts, the true Boxer was born in Germany in the late 1800s. Bred to be a capable fighting and hunting dog and protector, the Boxer is a versatile breed used as a messenger, pack carrier, attack dog and guard dog throughout World War I. Canadian and American soldiers were attracted to these brave handsome dogs and brought them home to North America. Today, they work well as service dogs and excel at obedience.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

BRIARD

History Big, bold and intelligent, the Briard is an ancient breed of herding dog born in France. History is full of praise for this hardy breed. Famed personalities like Charlemagne, Napoleon and Thomas Jefferson promoted the Briard. The Briard was a superb sheepdog, and his bravery made him an ideal working dog for the French Personality The Boxer is a high-spirited dog war effort – so much so that he was named the who loves to get physical when playing. Possibly official dog of the French Army. Though the named for his tendency to use his feet while need for sheep-herding dogs has declined, the roughhousing, the Boxer is brave and willing Briard remains a distinct and well-loved breed. to take on any challenge. Despite his energetic Personality The Briard is known for having a nature, he remains a loving family dog who’s strong, unique personality. Described as having good with children, and adores his people. Because he can be suspicious of strangers, it is “a heart of gold wrapped in fur”, he is an intelligent, sensitive dog who needs a consistent important to socialize him well when young. and caring person. With good socialization Appearance 21-25” (53-64 cm) and considerate training, he makes a loving 55-70 lb (25-32 kg) companion. Briards love children, have a strong sense of justice, and enjoy having a job to do.

- See Spaniel (Brittany)

BULL TERRIER

History The Bull Terrier originated in England in the 1800s and was bred for bull baiting and dog fighting. This distinctivelooking dog, which initially came in a variety of colours and sizes, is said to be a cross between the traditional Bulldog and the now-extinct White English Terrier. After blood sports were banned, breeders focused more on the dog’s temperament and appearance. James Hinks was instrumental in developing the breed as we know it today – his pure white dogs were also known as “White Cavaliers” and were popular as both show dogs and pets. In the early 20th century, these dogs were crossed with brindle Staffordshires to produce the Coloured Bull Terrier, which came to be recognized as a separate breed. Personality He looks intimidating, but the Bull Terrier is actually a friendly, easygoing and sometimes clownish breed. He loves affection and attention and makes a good family companion. He requires lots of excercise. Appearance 19-20” (48-51 cm) 45 lb (20.5 kg) Close, flat coat; white or white with coloured markings. Quick Facts Exercise requirements Grooming Bull Terrier Club of Canada. Secretary Lori Bozian. bullayr@xplornet.com; www.thebullterrierclub.ca

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Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

BRITTANY SPANIEL

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Tousled-looking, weatherproof double coat. Outercoat is thick and rough. Innercoat is soft and thick. Moustache and beard. Shades ranging from fawn to black. May have white markings.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Bull Terrier

Personality Big and initially intimidating, the Bouvier des Flandres is actually a loyal family dog. He is even-tempered and loves his people. His keen nose and intelligence mean he can be trained for a variety of jobs, and he loves to work. It is important he is well socialized and has basic training when young; his large size can make it more difficult when he matures.


History Bull Terriers originated in the age of bull-baiting and dog-fighting in the1800s. A cross between the Bulldog and the now extinct English White Terrier, these strong and fierce dogs came in all sizes from 3 lb to 50 lb. In 1835, blood sports were banned in England and breeders sought to redefine the breed, making it a tractable family pet. While the tiniest examples of the breed eventually died out, both the full-sized Bull Terrier and the Miniature Bull Terrier were welcomed into the home. For a long time, Miniature Bull Terriers remained a “type” of Bull Terrier, but in 1991 they were recognized as a distinct breed.

Iroc Viva Las Vegas (Vinny). Multi Best in Show. Best in Speciality Show. Am G.Ch. “Canadian Grand Champion Excellent” Rally Novice Canada & America. Gold health ambassador, Canada & America. Canine good citizen. OFA CHIC. #1 Bulldog in Canada. Bred/ Owned Kandie Kroonen

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History Truly a symbol of Britain, many believe the Bulldog dates back to the Molossian dog brought there by the Phoenicians in the 6th century BC. Others suggest the Bulldog descended from a butcher’s dog called the Alaunt. Wherever he originated, the Bulldog is the result of centuries of breeding for bullbaiting. While the Bulldog’s features may seem unusual compared with those of many other Personality Energetic and full of childlike dogs, each characteristic was specifically chosen curiosity, the Miniature Bull Terrier requires to make him the premier fighter in the bulllots of exercise and stimulation. He loves his baiting ring. family and is protective in nature. Consistent training and good socialization will keep him After bull-baiting was banned in the 1800s, the Bulldog lost popularity and might have died from becoming jealous or overprotective of his out if a group of concerned breeders hadn’t people or things. While he will adjust to most worked together to save the breed. The first types of family situation, he needs to keep Bulldog club was formed in 1864; it defined active and wants to be a part of everything. the breed and began efforts to preserve it. Now the Bulldog, also known as the English Bulldog, Appearance 10-14” (25-35 cm) is a kind companion and a symbol of courage 23-35 lb (11-16 kg) and tenacity. Short, flat glossy coat. Solid white, may have Personality With his history as a fighting dog, markings. May come in other solid colours the Bulldog’s kind and gentle personality might with markings. come as a surprise. He is a loving pet who craves his family’s attention. Though protective in Quick Facts nature, he loves children and usually gets along Exercise Requirements well with other family pets. Overall he is an easyGrooming going dog who quickly charms with his steady AB temperament and friendly face. Bullydust Reg’d, Charline Boyer. We are a small home-based kennel raising puppies with outstanding temperaments and fully health tested. It is a priority in our breeding program to better the breed in doing so. We are also proud to have several Champions in our program!!! Please check out our Facebook page “Bullydust - Miniature Bull Terriers Canada” for pictures and updates. (403) 667-6793; charline@bullydust. com; www.bullydust.com

Win FREE Dog Food for a Year! Details P. 35 104

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Appearance 12-16” (30-40 cm) 40-55 lb (18-25 kg) Short, straight flat coat. Brindle, piebald, red, fawn, fallow, white.

MB Dickson’s Bulldogs. Champion-sired puppies. Box 209, Melita, MB R0M 1L0. (204) 522-3173 Day; (204) 522-8424 Evenings; sunseten@mymts. net www.dicksonsbulldogs.ca ON Hoyas Reg’d, Attard, Darina. Healthy home raised puppies available sometimes to forever loving homes. Each raised with individual love and attention and to the highest British standard. Our puppies are strictly sold on CKC Non-Breeding contracts. Home of some of the best champion bloodlines from UK. (905) 8468882; (416) 605-7558; hoyas@rogers.com; www. hoyasbulldogs.com QC Delenclos Perm Reg’d, Knut & Christine Pelzer. Since 1995. Selective breeding from top Canadian and American bloodlines. Home of grand champions with Best in Show titles in Canada and the United States. Offering unlimited counseling to our puppies’ adoptive families. Stud service occasionally. Fitch Bay, QC. (819-843-0527; kmp.agriconsult@gmail.com; www.delenclosbulldogs.com

BULLMASTIFF

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

BULLDOG

Photo: Jewels Reg’d

Bull Terrier (Miniature)

BULL TERRIER (MINIATURE)

History Poaching was an ongoing problem in England throughout the 19th century. As penalties increased, the poachers’ desperation to avoid capture made gameskeeping a high risk job. The gameskeeper needed a strong silent dog that could find and take down a poacher without savaging him. The solution was to cross the Mastiff, a powerful, trustworthy, loyal and brave dog, with the Bulldog, a tough, tenacious no-fuss animal. The result was the “Gameskeeper’s Night Dog” or Bullmastiff.

As poaching became less of a problem, the need for Bullmastiffs waned. But interest in this powerful yet calm-natured dog continued. People held contests Quick Facts in which a man would be given the chance to try to Exercise Requirements outwit a Bullmastiff. The man received a sizeable Grooming head start, but the result was inevitable. He would soon be knocked down and held to the ground by AB IROC Reg’d, Kandie Kroonen. Where Canada’s the valiant dog, only to be released when the dog’s #1 Bulldog was born, raised and still runs the handler arrived on the scene. house. Our goal is to have healthy happy puppies Personality The Bullmastiff is still used as for family pets and show that live a great long a guard dog and family pet. His highly stable life. We have standard colors and breed to the temperament and ability to tolerate discomfort Bulldog Standard. We offer life time support. We make him surprisingly safe around children. do health testing. (780) 467-1971; irocbulldogs@ Loyal and protective, he bonds closely to his gmail.com; www.irocbulldogs.com (See our Breed family. Because he is such a large dog, training at a young age is essential, as is good socialization. Ambassador advertisement to the left)


Personality Like most terriers, the Cairn Terrier is an active dog, full of joie de vivre. He loves to play outside, and can be a bit of a Short hard coat, lying flat to the body. Black muzzle. digger in the yard. An affectionate nature and Brindle, fawn or red. May have white markings. kind heart make him a loving family member, though he can become a bit stubborn when it Quick Facts comes to training. He is affectionately known by Exercise Requirements breed fanciers as “the best little pal in the world”. Grooming

ON Knatchbull Perm. Reg’d, Helene & Andy Hansmann. (519) 822-4329; hansmann@ xplornet.ca; www.knatchbull.ca QC Masbul Enterprises. Depuis 20 ans. 47 chemin des Mines Bristol (Région Ottawa-Gatineau) Bristol, Québec. Élevage familial. Lignée originale et reconnue. Préférence aux réservations. (819) 647-6263; linelafo@hotmail.com

CAIRN TERRIER

Appearance 9-12” (24-31 cm) 13-17 lb (6-7.5 kg) Mid-length, harsh, weather-resistant outercoat. Short furry undercoat. Cream, wheaten, red, grey, nearly black. Brindling acceptable.

CANAAN DOG

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Cabaret Cairn Terriers, Jan Morgan. Puppies raised with love in my home to approved families. Breeding Cairn Terriers for health, temperament and type since 1995. Champion dogs from Canadian and Scandinavian lines. Proud member of CTCC, CTCA, CTAO and CKC. Hand stripping grooming services also available. Certified professional dog trainer, we offer family oriented puppy classes in Oshawa and Ajax. 924 White Ash Dr. Whitby, ON L1N 7S8. (905) 430-3647; pawsitivepuppies@gmail. com; www.cabaretcairns.com CAIRNPIT Reg’D, Loving, home-raised puppies from Champion Bloodlines since 1995. Wellsocialized, healthy and happy, sold on written contract. Parents live in our home. CAROL KAY. 15 MATHER ST., PERTH, ON, K7H 3K7. Member of the Cairn Terrier Club of Canada and America. (613) 264-9269; ckay@cairnpit-terriers.com; www.cairnpit-terriers.com

Photo: JayKay Canaan Dogs

AB Bolder Bullmastiffs, Marilyn Blanchette. I am a small kennel that strives to produce healthy and correct bullmastiffs. My dogs are shown in conformation, obedience and some agility. All have passed thier health testing and puppies come with health guarantees. Only those dogs that have completed their championships and pass health testing are used for breeding. Please email me to receive a puppy application if you are interested. Streamstown, AB (780) 808-9868; bolderbullmastiffs@yahoo.ca; www. bolderbullmastiffs.ca

Syryn Reg’d, Cindy Maclean. Consistent winners in the show ring, and human hearts. Proud member of the Cairn Terrier Club of Canada and the Canadian Kennel Club. Health tested, and guaranteed, lovingly raised in our home, we occasionally have puppies available to approved loving homes.Stud service to approved females. (705) 842-3733; syrynkennels@gmail.com; www. syrynkennels.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left)

Canaan Dog

Appearance 24-27” (61-69 cm) 90-130 lb (41-59 kg)

History An ancient breed, the Canaan Dog is the product of natural selection rather than human intervention. There’s evidence the breed existed in pre-Biblical times. When the Jews were dispersed from their homeland the dogs remained, reverting to a wild and feral state until the 1930s. When Dr. Rudolphina Menzel was asked to develop a dog to guard the kibbutz, she selected native wild dogs of a “collie type”, tamed them and created the Canaan Dog. The breed proved highly intelligent and versatile, and was used as a mine detection, sentry and messenger dog in the Second World War. Canaan Dogs were first brought to North America in the late 1960s.

Personality Highly intelligent and trainable, the Canaan Dog is quite versatile to different situations. Because of his long history as a feral dog, he tends to be somewhat independent and wary of strangers, barking to warn his family of danger. However, he is devoted to his people and loves to play. He thrives on having a job to Magisterial Cairn Terriers Reg’d. At Magisterial, do and is a fun, loving companion. Carickfergus Reg’d, Diana Hunter. Puppies occasionally. Home raised with love, to approved homes. Puppies have first vaccines, micro chipped and tested at Guelph Veterinary College Markdale, ON N0C 1H0. (519) 9864380; carickfergus1@gmail.com

History Originating on the Isle of Skye in Scotland, the Cairn Terrier was bred as a hunter of vermin. The rocky land sheltered numerous badgers and foxes, and a small hardy dog was needed to brave the stony cairns and remove the pests. The breed has been around for some 500 years, and developed along the same timeline as the West Highland White, Skye, and Scottish Terriers. It was first exhibited in 1909 when it was called the Short-Haired Skye Terrier. Breeders of the pre-existing Skye Terrier objected and the dog was renamed after the rock piles he hunted among, becoming the Cairn Terrier. They came to North America in 1913, imported by Mrs. Henry F. Price.

Appearance 19-24” (48-61 cm) 35-55 lb (16-25 kg) Short to medium-length straight outercoat. Straight, short flat-lying undercoat. Slight ruff. Sand to red-brown, white, black or spotted. May have mask. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON JayKay Canaan Dogs. Breeding devoted family companions since 2003. Home-raised puppies for pet, show or obedience. CKC registered. Canaan Dogs are adaptable to a variety of lifestyles, from always on-the-go to a more laid-back home life. Visit us in Markham or just outside Kingston. Come see the dogs in action at MrSpotDogCamp.com (613) 377-6955; gml. mktg@rogers.com; www.jaykaycanaandogs.com

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Am.Ch./ Can.Ch. Foxglove Red Rascal At Syryn Bred by Helen Timmerman, Foxglove Cairns. Owned by Cindy MacLean, Syryn Reg’d (1992)

we provide a life-enhancing experience for each of our clients. Our Cairn Terrier puppies are highly socialized, joyful, and raised with children. They have gorgeous good looks, are healthy and temperament tested, and very eager to learn! Your new family member will have been raised in luxury and given nothing but the very best during their crucial first 8 weeks of life. Magisterial Cairn Terrier puppies will be fully crate trained and will come home with our exclusive Magisterial 3 year genetic health guarantee. Their most important role is being loving, loyal companions to families worldwide, delivering immeasurable amounts of joy, love, and magic! Magisterial Cairn Terriers are suitable for: therapy, obedience, agility, show, flyball, service dog training, grooming competitions, or hunting. Roblin, ON (613) 4531773; adam@magisterialkennels.com; www. magisterialkennels.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)


Canadian Eskimo Dog

CANADIAN ESKIMO DOG

CANE CORSO

History A direct descendant of the Roman Molossus Mastiff, the Cane Corso is a guardian dog whose name comes from the Latin “cohors”, History Accompanying the Inuit people meaning guardian/protector. Used to hunt during their 12th century migration through large game, drive cattle and protect the family, the Canadian Arctic, the Canadian Eskimo the Cane Corso held popularity in Italy for Dog hauled, carried, hunted and protected. Such willing performance made the robust centuries. But as large game dwindled and sled dog crucial to Arctic explorers through farmers turned to more modern technology to the ages. By the 1950s, though, snowmobiles, move their herds, the need for the Cane Corso other technology and weakening bloodlines had disappeared, and so did the breed. In the 1970s, taken their toll. It took funding by the Canadian Italian dog fanciers searched the country, Kennel Club, the Canada Council and private seeking good examples of the old Mastiffs, and donations to save the Canadian Eskimo Dog began reconstructing the Cane Corso breed. from extinction. After enduring in a harsh Arriving in North America in the 1980s, the environment for centuries, the Canadian Eskimo breed is slowly gaining a reputation as an Dog remains a breed fighting for its survival. excellent guard dog and family companion. Personality His long connection with humans Personality First and foremost a protector, has made the Canadian Eskimo Dog affectionate and gentle with people he loves, but he can the Cane Corso bonds closely with his family, be aloof with strangers. His independence, particularly young children. He is alert and determination and heightened response to naturally suspicious of strangers, and can readily stimuli make him suited to an adult-only home. judge when he should be protective, or when he should back down. His steady temperament and Appearance 19.5-27.5” (50-70 cm) eager-to-please attitude make him a pleasure to 40-88 lb (18-40 kg) train. Early socialization and training allow him Thick hair with dense undercoat. All white or to learn to assess people and situations. all red, buff, cinnamon, grey or sable with white Appearance 23-28” (58-70 cm) markings. 84-110 lb (38-50 kg) Quick Facts Short, stiff shiny outercoat. Light undercoat. Exercise Requirements Black, fawn, red, blue, chestnut. Brindling Grooming allowed. May have eye mask or white markings. MBPIS GR. CH. Arcticice Qimmiq Ek Chau. Number 1 CED in Canada. 3 BPIS MBPIG. Arctic Ice Reg’d. Assiniboine, AB www.arcticicekennels.tripod.com

Quick Facts AB Arctic Ice Reg’d, Beverley Arseneau. Raising Exercise Requirements top-quality, multiple-group-winning champion Grooming

PUREBRED

dogs from proven Arctic working lines. Striving to continue to produce the best attitude, work ethic and conformation. Fort Assiniboine, AB (780) 584-2506; wolfwalkersibs@xplornet.com; www.arcticicekennels.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement above)

Thinking of adding a new puppy to your family? CHECK OUT OUR 5 BEST TIPS FOR BUYING – P. 12 106

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2017

BC Island Reign, Susanne Vaux. For the love, betterment and preservation of the Cane Corso. Health, temperament and type are all considered before a planned breeding. Our dogs live within the home with our family. The puppies are hgighly socialized and come with a two year health guarantee and lifetime breeder support. Application available upon request. (250) 210-4896; sveyvaux@hotmail.com; https://www.facebook.com/Island-Reign-CaneCorso-on-Vancouver-Island-British-ColumbiaCanada-1515463612114614/

CAVALIER KING CHARLES SPANIEL

Can Ch. Imonty Filip Z Usedlosti Ujezdec. Breeding all colours for health and type. Bred by Jundra Diblikova, Z Usedlosti Ujexdec Reg’d. Owned by Mila Bosche, Europeheart Cavaliers Reg’d. Niagara Falls, ON. www.europeheart.com

History Bred originally as hunters, toy spaniels became companions to royalty in the 1500s. In the 1600s, Kings Charles I and II both took a liking to the adorable little dogs, and were often portrayed with toy spaniels at their sides. During the Victorian era, people fell in love with the higher skulls and shorter noses of oriental breeds, and selectively bred spaniels to Pugs and Japanese Chin, producing the King Charles Spaniel, or English Toy Spaniel. It wasn’t until the 1920s that an American, Roswell Eldridge, began searching for the longernosed flatter-skulled breed so often portrayed in portraits of Kings Charles I and II. His efforts were successful, and the new breed of Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was recognized in 1946. Personality A long history as a noble lap dog has made the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel particularly well suited as a companion. With enough size to enjoy a good romp alongside his owner, the Cavalier is a happy dog who is ready to greet everyone with his ever-wagging tail. He is not overly active, enjoying cuddle time as much as walks. Appearance 12-13” (30-33 cm) 11-18 lb (5-8 kg) Long silky coat, straight or with a slight wave. Feathering. Colours: Blenheim (chestnut on white), tricolour (black and tan markings on white), ruby, black and tan. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Bohshar K-9’s, Sharen Sztym. Breeding for quality, temperament and soundness. Genetic guaranteed/Home raised. Four colours. Shipping Available. Box 8, Site 3, RR # 1, Rocky Mountain House, AB. T4T 2A1.(403)-729-2625; bohshar@yahoo.ca, www.bohshar.com ON Beal, Lorelei, Country Care Cavaliers. Healthy, correct puppies of German lineage. 8019 Hwy 7, Guelph, ON N1H 6H8. (519) 823-5839; countrycarecavaliers@live.ca; www.countrycarestables.com


Glenire Reg’d, Since 1984. Ruby, Black & Tan, Tricolour and Blenheim puppies for pet, show or breeding. Purebred, pedigreed, microchipped and Canadian Kennel Club registered. No time limit, written genetic health guarantee. Champion stud service in all four colours to registered, health certified females. We show our dogs CKC, UKC. Visitors welcome. Life member CKC. Member CFSO & CKCSCC in good standing. Glenire Acres, 10 Clanbrassil Rd, RR 3, Hagersville, ON N0A 1H0. (905) 768-4190; lesvalt@hotmail.com; www.glenireacresfarm.com Old School Cavaliers, Danielle Van Maanen. Specializing in top German and UK lines, Old School Cavaliers are family raised and CKC registered. Blenheim and tri-colour puppies available, registered, vaccinated, dewormed, microchipped and health guarenteed. We provide good old fashioned service and well-socialized and healthy puppies. Please visit our website and we welcome you to our home. Fenwick, ON L0S 1C0 (905) 8921730; oldschoolcavaliers@gmail.com; www. oldschoolcavaliers.ca Tallygold Cavaliers. Home raised cavaliers, health testing on all breeding stock, puppies sometimes available. Health guarantee. RR 3, Mulmur, ON. (519) 925-6865; tallycavs@gmail. com; www.tallygold.ca

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

CESKY TERRIER

History In his search for a mild-tempered terrier that still excelled at hunting,

Personality This versatile breed excels at a number of tasks. The Cesky is often a winner at terrier den trials and loves playful, sporty activities. As well, the Cesky is a devoted family member and makes an excellent watchdog. This friendly pooch is good with children and happy to be around family and strangers alike. The well-mannered, enthusiastic Cesky is also a pleasure to train. This dog strives to please and will not disappoint. Appearance 10-13” (25.5-33 cm) 13-22 lb (6-10 kg)

Appearance 6-9” (15-23 cm) 1-6 lb (0.5-3 kg) Soft, silky, flat or slightly wavy coat. Neck ruff. Any solid colour with or without markings.

Chihuahua (Long)

Personality A truly tiny dog, the long coated Chihuahua loves to be with his person at all times. He’s a great lap dog, and happily trots around the home, following his family. Because of his size, this breed maybe a bit timid with loud and active children, and supervision is a good idea. Good socialization is important for a well-rounded individual.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Jones Perm. Theresa Gilchrist. Well known for breeding top quality, healthy, happy, outgoing, CKC-registered Short and Long Coat Chihuahuas for show/breeding or family pet. Breeding Chihuahuas since 1995. We also board Toy breed dogs. RR 1, Pickardville, AB T0G 1W0. (780) 349-2868; uspecial@mcsnet.ca

Long, soft coat often with a silky sheen. Slightly wavy, with beard around muzzle. Non-shedding ON coat. Colours include light coffee brown and Abbylane Kennels, Jane K. Home raised puppies with love, playtime, and a little bit of grey-blue, with yellow, grey, or white markings. training. Country Home or Toronto. (647) 3763420; www.abbylanekennels.com

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

CHESAPEAKE BAY RETRIEVER - See Retriever (Chesapeake)

CHIHUAHUA (LONG)

History The long coated Chihuahua’s history is the same as the Chihuahua’s until after the breed reached the United States. There, breeders sought a softer fluffier dog and decided to cross the short-coated Chihuahuas with established long-coated toy breeds such as the Papillion, Pekinese, Pomeranian and Yorkshire Terrier. The result was a dog with the same spunky personality as the short-coated variety, but in a fluffier package. Like his smooth counterpart, the long coated Chihuahua is one of the world’s most popular breeds – both also rank as the smallest breeds in North America.

Bloomsbury Chihuahuas Perm Reg’d, Lynn & Jeff Hurd, DVM. Veterinarian bred and owned in Whitby, ON. Long & Short coat Chihuahua puppies or adults (pet and show) sometimes available. Health, temperament, breed type and structure are our main focus. Our chihuahuas have won many awards at dog shows all over North America. Health guarantee and lifetime support. Vaccinated, dewormed and microchipped. (905) 4498194; bloomsburychis@hotmail.com (preferred contact); www.bloomsburychihuahuas.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) Decan’s Reg’d Chihuahuas, Candace Beattie. We have been raising Chihuahua’s since 2000. Our Chihuahua’s live in our smoke-free home with us. We breed for health and temperament. Our Chihuahua’s come from champion stock and come with a 2 year health guarantee and lifetime support. Puppies come CKC Reg’d, first shots, dewormed, microchipped, dew claws removed, vet checked, puppy pack and pre-spoiled. 133 Coronation Street, SB Peninsula, ON N0H 2T0. (705) 816-5972; cutie_patooties@hotmail.com Chihuahua Palace Reg’d, Monica Giordano. We have been breeding Chihuahua’s for over 18 years. We specialize in long and short coats of all colours. Visit our website for many photos and information. We raise in home underfoot. Our dogs leave us spayed/neutered or spay/neuter contract agreement. Feel free to write us for more information. (450) 3725886; monicagiordano525@gmail.com; www. chihuahuapalace.com

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EUROPEHEART CAVALIERS REG’D. All colours, high quality puppies, health guaranteed, with proof of health and show history for all our breeding dogs going back 4 generations plus. We are members of CKC and European CKCS Club with happy customers across Canada and US. Niagara Falls, ON (905) 384-1865; www. europeheart.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left.)

Czechoslovakian geneticist Frantisek Horak bred together a number of terrier breeds, including the Sealyham, Scottish Terrier and Dandie Dinmont. The result, in 1949, was the Cesky Terrier. While his narrow head and chest made it easier for the Cesky to enter burrows, his friendly, well-mannered attitude gained him a reputation as a good family dog. The Cesky Terrier was shown for the first time in 1959 and since then has been utilized as a hunting dog, guard dog, show dog, and beloved family companion.

Photo: Jones Chihuahuas Perm Reg’d

Cedar Creek, Laryssa Sawyer. We’re a small family kennel located just over an hour north of Toronto. Puppies are raised in our home with our children. Our dogs are on a natural diet. Puppies go to their new homes after 8 weeks; dewormed, tattooed, vet checked, first set of shots and health guarantee. We breed all colours and champion stud service is available. Featured on Pick a Puppy show. 295159 8th Line, Amaranth, ON L9W 0K1 (519) 925-2827; info@cedarcreekkennels.ca; www.cedarcreekkennels.ca


Chihuahua (Short)

CHIHUAHUA (SHORT)

Can.Am Ch. Hilaire’s Mr. Cher Whisper. Chihuahuas of Distinction. Owned by Edna St. Hilaire, Hilaire Perm. Reg’d

History Theories about the Chihuahua’s origins abound. Some believe this tiny breed’s predecessors date back to ancient Egypt. The most likely theory is that it developed from a Mexican breed known as the Techichi, and was used in religious ceremonies as far back as the 16th century. Other theories suggest that dogs imported from China were interbred with native breeds, or came with Spanish traders. Whatever their history, Chihuahuas as we know them were discovered in the Chihuahua region of Mexico, gained popularity in Mexico City in the late 19th century, and shortly thereafter were brought to the United States via Texas where they were developed into the modern Chihuahua.

ON Abbylane Kennels, Jane K. Home raised puppies with love, playtime, and a little bit of training. Country Home or Toronto. (647) 3763420; www.abbylanekennels.com Arcreya Reg’d, Molly Denton. Quality CKC Reg’d Chihuahuas for loving pet or show homes, from a devoted breeder with 18+ years experience. Champion bloodlines in both Shortcoats & Long-coats. Naturally raised, fully health tested and carefully bred for type, temperament, and longevity. 3 year health guarantee, lifetime breeder support. Puppies available occasionally. (705) 521-4084; arcreya@hotmail.com; http:// arcreya.weebly.com Bloomsbury Chihuahuas Perm Reg’d, Lynn & Jeff Hurd, DVM. Veterinarian bred and owned in Whitby, ON. Long & Short coat Chihuahua puppies or adults (pet and show) sometimes available. Health, temperament, breed type and structure are our main focus. Our chihuahuas have won many awards at dog shows all over North America. Health guarantee and lifetime support. Vaccinated, dewormed and microchipped. (905) 4498194; bloomsburychis@hotmail.com (preferred contact); www.bloomsburychihuahuas.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

CHINESE CRESTED

Personality The Chihuahua is a tiny dog with a huge personality. He is lively and alert, playful and affectionate. Quick to bond with his human, the Chihuahua hates to be left on his own. Because he is so small, he is nervous of large or quick movements, and tends to be easily startled. Early socialization is essential to make sure he is not overly stressed by strange situations. Appearance 6-9” (15-23 cm) 1-6 lb (0.5-3 kg) Soft, glossy short coat. Neck ruff. Any colour.

PUREBRED

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Jones Perm. Reg’d, Theresa Gilchrist. Well known for breeding top quality, healthy, happy, outgoing, CKC-registered Short and Long Coat Chihuahuas for show/breeding or family pet. Breeding Chihuahuas since 1995. We also board Toy breed dogs. RR 1, Pickardville, AB T0G 1W0. (780) 349-2868; uspecial@mcsnet.ca BC Hilaire Perm. Reg’d, Edna St. Hilaire. A respected name. Home of Multi BIS/BISS, Can. Am Int’l Record Winning Champions. Quality for the most discriminating. Founder and President of The Chihuahua Club of Canada. All Breeds Judge - International. New Westminister, BC. (604) 521-0922; hilaire@shaw.ca. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement above)

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Ch SassyTails Twisting Fate CGN, RTD. Bred/ Owned by Helene Belanger, SassyTails Reg’d Chinese Cresteds

History Hairless dogs existed wild in many of the hottest parts of the world. The Chinese Crested is likely descended from an African variety of hairless dog called the African Hairless Terrier. Chinese sailors took these dogs on ships to take care of the vermin. As they sailed around the world, the dogs were traded at various ports, soon establishing populations of Chinese Cresteds throughout the known world. Not all Chinese Cresteds are hairless. In fact, the gene that allows for hairlessness is an incomplete dominant gene that is lethal when homozygous (two copies of the gene). Long-haired Chinese Crested dogs are known as Powderpuffs. Both varieties can be found within the same litter due to the nature of the genes involved.

Personality A lively playful dog, the Chinese Crested is a lovable and loving family companion. Because of a tendency to be timid with strangers, it is important to socialize him at an early age. He is moderately active, trotting around the home to follow his people. His longer-than-usual feet, known as hare feet, allow him to grip toys and “hug” his people with an unusual grip when held. Appearance 9-13” (23-33 cm) under 12 lb (5.5 kg) Hairless: silky flowing hair on head, tail, feet. Powderpuff: long, straight silky outercoat; short silky undercoat. Any colour or combination of colours. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Hairless ON Pixietails Reg’d, John & Julie Milton. (613) 258-8833; pixietailkennel@gmail.com; www. pixietailkennel.com SassyTails Reg’d. We are responsible hobby breeders who focus on health, temperament and structure to provide lifetime companions to loving families. Our Chinese Cresteds dogs have competed successfully in conformation and various other canine sports. We are also very proud of our dogs involved in therapy work. Dogs selected for our breeding program undergo yearly eye tests (CERF) and DNA testing with Pawprint Genetics for all available health testing, as well as BAER for hearing, patellas and heart certifications. Our puppies are raised in our home and socialized with love. Our goal is for our dogs to provide loving companionship to their new family. Hélène Bélanger & Laurel Brown, Ontario – (416) 414-6014 e-mail contact preferred: sassytails@rogers.com. Web site: www.sassytails.com, we are also on Facebook. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left and our advertisment in the Breeder Spotlight.) Windwater Reg’d, Shauna Gray. We breed for health and soundness from top quality European bloodlines. Lovingly home-raised puppies available occasionally to approved homes. Puppies are prcd-PRA and PLL clear through testing or by parentage. Puppies are vet-checked, vaccinated and microchipped and a written health guarantee is provided. Powder puffs and hairless. (905) 252-0822; shaunalg@ yahoo.com; www.windwaterkennels.com


History Named for its sandpaper-like coat, the Shar-Pei is an unusual breed that originated in China some 2,000 years ago. He was used for a variety of tasks including hunting, guarding and herding, and was prized as a fighting dog. The rough texture of his coat made him hard to grip, his loose folds of skin allowed him to turn on his opponent even when solidly held, and his tiny eyes and ears were protected from harm. When China became a Communist country, dogs were not considered a valuable commodity and the Shar-Pei nearly died out. Dog lovers appealed to American breeders to rescue the breed in the 1970s. The Shar-Pei’s unique appearance and rarity drew attention, and soon the breed made a comeback in North America. Personality With his cute and cuddly appearance, the Shar-Pei easily works his way into people’s hearts. But his guard dog background makes him cautious, so he requires good socialization at an early age. Calm and steady in nature, he is an independent fellow who loves his people, but is aloof with strangers. Positive training and active socialization make him a happy and enjoyable family member.

CHOW CHOW

ON Mi-Pao Perm Regd, Minnie & Paul Odenkirchen. Canada’s oldest and consistently successful Chow Kennel since 1957. Providing Breeding, Companion and Show stock to over 30 Countries. We specialize in reds, blacks and creams of the long coated variety, with emphasis on soundness and affectionate disposition. 705 Parkside Dr, P.O Box 863 Waterdown, ON L0R 2H0, (905) 335-1712; mipao@sympatico.ca; www.mipao.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left) Can. Gr. Ch. Exc./ Am. Ch. Mi Pao’s Thor, CGN MBIS, Top Winning Chow Chow for Canada 2012,2013 & 2014. Bred/Owned by F. Paul A. Odenkirchen (Int. Master Breeder) Mi-Pao Kennels Perm. Reg’d. Waterdown, ON. www.mipao.com

History Perhaps one of the oldest breeds, the Chow Chow may have existed as early as the 11th century BC. These dogs were used as hunting, draft, guard and flock dogs. The thick fluffy coats were prized for warm clothing.

For many years, the Chow Chow was never seen outside China. But around 1780, sailors smuggled some dogs among their cargo and exported them to Europe. Not knowing what to call the dogs, they used the generic name for all assorted cargo: chow chow. The unusual nature of the Chow Chow made it a spectacle in England, and the breed was displayed at Appearance 17-20” (44-51 cm) the London Zoo as the “Wild Dog of China”. 40-60 lb (18-27 kg) Queen Victoria saw the dogs there and decided Harsh straight coat with sandpaper texture. to keep some as pets. The Chow Chow gained Can be short and bristly (horse coat) or long and its popularity in North America during the thick (brush coat). Solid and sable colours. No roaring 20s, when the dogs became an addition white. Blue-black tongue. to the homes of several movie stars. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB WrinkleStar Reg’d, Lorrie Langston. CKC Reg’d Shar-Pei Family Companion Puppies available on occasion. Established breeder of 25 years, producer of many Top 5 Canadian show dogs and multiple Champions. We no longer show, however the quality remains. Selective breeding for health, type and temperament. (780) 9866297; wrnkllady@hotmail.com BC Dragonsblood Reg’d, Sonja Davis. Proudly breeding Shar Pei for over 30 years now! Family

AB ChowRidge, Reg’d, Cyndi Eldridge. CKC registered. Bred for temperament, health & longevity. Specializing in red and black, rough coat. Sound puppies, Champion parents. Our chows are amazing companions for any household. Ownership/Breed information package available for poeple considering this special breed who have not experienced the joy of living with a wonderful chow! Box 129, Cayley, AB T0L 0P0. (403) 3953767; chowridge@hotmail.ca

Chow Chow

raised, healthy, happy, well socialized puppies with great personalities. Available all year. Wide colour and coat variety to choose from, with complete Health Policy. Our dogs welcome visitors into our home, so please call or email to book your visit. PO Box 153, Deroche, BC V0M 1G0. (604) 814-0038; sonjassharpeiss@ gmail.com; www.sharpeisbysonja.ca (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

Personality Truly a one-person dog, the Chow bonds solidly to his chosen person, and may remain a bit aloof with others. He is loyal and dedicated, and benefits from positive and consistent training. The Chow Chow is a natural guardian and loyal protector. Appearance 17-22” (43-56 cm) 45-70 lb (20-32 kg) Rough: abundant dense outercoat that stands off the body, wooly undercoat. Neck ruff. Smooth: hard, dense smooth outercoat with definite undercoat. Red, black, fawn, blue, cream. Blue-black tongue and lips.

CLUMBER SPANIEL - See Spaniel (Clumber)

WHAT’S A PUREBRED DOG? In Canada, a purebred dog is defined as “a dog of proven lineage that is registered by an accepted registry.” If you’re buying a purebred dog, remember that, under the “Animal Pedigree Act”, the dog must be entitled to registration papers.

PUREBRED

Photo: Dragonsblood

CHINESE SHAR PEI

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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COTON DE TULEAR Photo: Thistle Brae Collies Reg’d

COLLIE (SMOOTH)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Collie (Rough)

COLLIE (ROUGH)

History This Scottish native is thought to have originated with the herding dogs the ancient Romans brought to Britain, and has been documented in writings dating as far back as the 1300s. Used primarily for herding down through the centuries, the Rough Collie became popular in England when Queen Victoria brought some of the dogs back from Scotland. The Rough Collie is best known in North America from the books by Albert Payson Terhune and the subsequent Lassie movies and popular television show, which premiered in the 1950s and ran for 20 years, forever immortalizing this distinctive breed. The Rough Collie is distinguished from his cousin by his abundant and luxurious outer coat.

History Developed centuries ago as a herding and guarding dog, the Collie is thought to be named after the Scottish black-faced sheep he protected, called Colleys. Two types developed - the Rough Collie and Smooth Collie. Both were working dogs until Queen Victoria took an interest in them in the 1860s and brought them to England. Smooth and Rough Collies share the same lineage and breed standard, but in 1830, show breeders wanted a more elegant dog with an elongated head, and crossed the breed with the Borzoi, leading to a separation of work and show lines. The Smooth Collie remained the favourite in England; in North America, the Rough Collie’s popularity grew in the 20th century thanks to the Lassie movies and Personality Loyal and easy to train, the Rough television shows. Collie is a wonderful family companion. He is Personality Like the Lassie of television fame, kind and affectionate, and thrives on affection the Smooth Collie is a brave and loyal dog, and activity. He needs plenty of outdoor whose intelligence makes him seem to read exercise, so is best suited to homes with a bit of his owner’s mind. He is highly sociable, and space around them. excellent with children and other pets. Alert and Appearance 22-26” (56-66 cm) conscious of his family’s safety, the Collie is a 50-75 lb (22.5-35 kg) good watchdog. Lots of exercise and activities Straight, harsh, abundant outer coat with to occupy his mind help keep him relaxed and short smooth hair on head and legs. Soft dense happy. With training he can participate in nearly undercoat. Sable and white, blue merle and any canine sport, and he makes an excellent white, sable merle and white, tricolour and white therapy dog. with coloured markings. Appearance 20-26” (51-66 cm) Quick Facts 40-75 lb (18-34 kg) Exercise Requirements Short, hard dense outercoat. Soft, dense furry Grooming undercoat. Sable and white, tricolour, blue merle and white. May have white and/or tan markings.

legend Very minimal

PUREBRED

Minimal Average More than average

Maximum

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Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON THISTLE BRAE COLLIES: We have both Rough and Smooth coats. Our great looking Smooth Collies are energetic, outgoing and family friendly. Just like Lassie but with less work. We are a CKC reg’d breeder with many years’ experience and we offer a written guarantee and lifelong breeder support. Palgrave, ON. (905) 880-1770; www.thistlebraecollies.com

History The royal dog of Madagascar, the Coton de Tulear is likely a combination of small Bichon-type dogs brought there by Portuguese and Spanish sailors in the 16th century. They were favoured companion dogs of the wealthy. They weren’t well known until 1853 when French dog fancier and governor of Fort Dauphin, Etienne de Flacourt, recorded the small mostly white dogs. He named them Coton, for their cottony texture and colour, and de Tulear, for the coastal city where they were said to originate. The dogs were then imported to France, where the breed standard was set in 1969. Coton de Tulears didn’t arrive in North America until 1974, and they quickly gained popularity as a lap dog. Personality Adorable and affectionate, the Coton de Tulear makes a wonderful family pet. He is sociable and gets along well with children and other animals. Highly bonded to his people, he doesn’t like to be left alone. He responds well to positive training, though he does have a stubborn streak at times. The Coton de Tulear is a capable watchdog who will let his people know of any possible intruders or unusual activity. Appearance 10-12” (23-28 cm) 8-13 lb (3.5-6 kg) Thick, supple single coat. Cottony texture. Slightly wavy. White ground colour, also black, grey, yellow, tricolour and white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Riverport Reg’d, Demetrius & Corinna Yannoulopoulos. Since 1980. Breeding quality Coton de Tulear for show, obedience, therapy work or loving friend. We emphasize type, soundness and health in our breeding program. Home raised puppies available occasionally by reservation. Two year guarantee. Inquiries welcome. Visit our website for information on coming litters or adult dogs available. (613) 838-3674; demcor@sympatico.ca; www.pickofthelitter.org SK JOMARANS Reg’d, Beth Dalman & Cathy Enns. JOMARANS Cotons (since 1996) and Havanese (since 1990). Adorable show and pet quality puppies, and occassionally adults. Our


History A German breed, the Dachshund was bred to be a hunter, followed on foot by his handler. The long sleek profile typical of the breed allows him to get inside the burrows of his prey. Miniature-sized Dachshunds were primarily used to hunt rabbits and similar small prey. The Long Haired variety may have originated from the selective breeding of longer-haired individuals. Others suggest that breeders incorporated Field Spaniels into their breeding programs, thus adding a longer softer coat to the sleek long-bodied dogs. Whatever their origin, Long Haired Dachshunds are prized for their elegant appearance.

Sniffntell Perm. Reg’d, Shirley Thompson. Ch. lines. Beautiful Creams BC.BT, Reds. Good Temperament Guaranteed. Conformation Show and Pet. Woodstock, ON. (519) 539-0658; sthompson@ execulink.com; www.sniffntellkennels.com

DACHSHUND (MINIATURE SMOOTH)

Personality Fun-loving and easy to get along with, Dachshunds do well in a variety of homes. With their short legs and small size, Miniature Long Haired Dachshunds do well as apartment dogs. Like most scent hounds, Dachshunds like to follow their noses, and are likely to investigate any interesting holes in the ground.

History All Dachshunds originated in Germany, where they were used as go-to-ground hunting hounds. Different sizes specialized in different prey, with larger dogs pursuing badgers and smaller ones going after rabbit and hare. To differentiate Dachshund sizes, the Germans measured the circumference of the dog’s chest. Appearance Up to 14” (35 cm); chest circumference 12-14” (30-35 cm) A smaller chest meant the dog could pursue Up to 11 lb (5 kg) smaller prey; the smallest were called rabbitDouble coat with soft straight or wavy outercoat. sized. In North America, we do not recognize Solid (red, cream), two-coloured (black, the rabbit-sized dogs, and measure their sizes by chocolate, grey or white with rust-brown or weight rather than girth. The Miniature Smooth yellow markings), dappled (brown, grey or white Dachshund is the small version of the original background with irregular patches of black, Standard Smooth Dachshund; it’s believed these grey, brown, red or yellow) or striped (red or “minis” were developed by breeding together yellow with darker striping). smaller-than-usual Standard Dachshunds.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Bournecrest Reg’d, Christine Bourne. Quality puppies, with excellent temperaments. Five year congenital health guarantee. Most colours including cream and white piebalds. Give us a call and come and meet all the dogs. 8435 Concession 8, Moorefield, ON N0G 2K0. (519) 638-3445; shadyrillcb@gmail.com; www. bournecrest.on.ca Careanuff Reg’d, Tammy L. Brown. ALL my Dachshunds LIVE in my home. Pups are BORN in my Bedroom and come to you Pre-Spoiled, Socialized and Loved. Choose from a Variety of Colours and Patterns. I look forward to filling your Arms, Heart and Home with the Pitter Patter of little Dachshund feet!! Newbury, ON N0L 1Z0. (519) 695-6596; careanuff@hotmail.ca; www.careanuff.webs.com Disguise Reg’d, Tanya McCarthy. Pre-spoiled and pre-loved beautiful dachshunds, raised in our home as part of our family. Breeding only from quality, championed, health tested parents with an emphasis on temperament, health and conformation. Reservations recommended as we only breed occasionally. Actively participating in the conformation, earth dog and obedience rings. Wellandport, ON, L0R 2J0; (905) 9203987; longears@yahoo.ca; www.arnellfarms.com Grand-Gables Perm Reg’d. Let our puppies be part of your life tool! Home-raised, healthy, reasonably priced with guarantees. Stud service available. Milton/Guelph area. (905) 854-4148; grandgables@sympatico.ca Muskoka Paws Reg’d. We come with first shots, micro chipped and house trained in warm weather. We are the diminutive Doxie coming in very small packages. Bl/tan, dapple and red. Our mommy is very careful who gets one of us and we come with a 4 year health guarantee, micro chipped, first shots and we have Champions in our bloodline too! Contact Anita at (705) 386-0345 or Leah at (705) 3800922; www.muskokapaws.com

Personality A bright and friendly family favourite, the Miniature Smooth Dachshund may be small, but not in personality. He has plenty of energy, though his short legs make it ON Bournecrest Reg’d, Christine Bourne. Quality easy to keep him well exercised. Because he was puppies, with excellent temperaments. Five bred to be a hunter, it is important to remember year congenital health guarantee. Most colours that he loves to follow a scent, and will dig if he Sniffntell Perm. Reg’d, Shirley Thompson. Ch. lines. including cream and white piebalds. Give us finds something interesting in the yard. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

a call and come and meet all the dogs. 8435 Concession 8, Moorefield, ON N0G 2K0. (519) 638-3445; shadyrillcb@gmail.com; www. bournecrest.on.ca

Appearance Up to 14” (35 cm); chest circumference 12-14” (30-35 cm) Up to 11 lb (5 kg)

Dachshund (Miniature Smooth)

Polonez, Wojciech & Margaret Krzewski. Home-raised, fun-loving, affectionate and well socialized healthy puppies occasionally available to approved homes. Mississauga, ON. (905) 615-8566; gosia.wojtek1988@gmail.com

Smooth, shiny short coat. Solid (red, cream), two-coloured (black, chocolate, grey or white with rust-brown or yellow markings), dappled (brown, grey or white background with irregular patches of black, grey, brown, red or yellow) or striped (red or yellow with darker striping).

Beautiful Reds. Good Temperament Guaranteed. Conformation Show and Pet. Woodstock, ON. (519) 539-0658; sthompson@execulink.com; www.sniffntellkennels.com

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Photo: Alice Van Kempen

DACHSHUND (MINIATURE LONG-HAIRED)

Dreamhund Reg’d, Diane Horvat. Breeding creams and derivative of creams from quality championed healthy lines. Home-raised well socialized puppies are CKC registered, microchipped, vet checked and vaccinated prior to placement in selected homes. Lifetime return policy. Visit our website at www.dreamhund. ca/ Wellandport, ON (905) 536-6820; diane@ dreamhund.ca

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

well socialized puppies are GUARANTEED, registered, microchipped, vet checked and vaccinated prior to careful placement in their new homes. Lifetime return policy. Email jomarans@sasktel.net for photos, references and application. (306) 716-1047; www.jomarans.com


DACHSHUND (STANDARD SMOOTH)

History Born to hunt, the Dachshund was bred in Germany to go to ground after burrowing prey such as badgers. Miniature varieties were used to hunt rabbit and hare, which their larger cousins couldn’t reach. Its popularity in North America declined during the First and Second World Wars, when its German origins caused people to turn against the breed. The wire-haired variety of Dachshund was the last to be developed. It isn’t certain whether the wire hair came from selective breeding, or if hard-coated Terriers and Pinschers might have been added to the bloodlines. Either way, the breed’s Terrier-like looks combined with its Dachshund body shape appealed to North Americans and has helped increase its popularity in recent years.

DACHSHUND (STANDARD WIRE-HAIRED)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Dachshund (Miniature Wire-Haired)

DACHSHUND (MINIATURE WIRE-HAIRED)

History Believed to be the original ancestor of the other Dachshund breeds, the Standard Smooth Haired Dachshund hunted badger and fox from as early as the 16th century in Germany. A true terrier, the Dachshund was bred for its long, narrow body that could easily fit into the holes of its prey. When Prince Albert introduced the breed to Britain, confusion over the translation of “hund” caused it to be classified as a hound, and the Dachshund has remained in that group ever since.

Personality Friendly, alert and outgoing, the high spirited Dachshund makes a good watchdog as well as a great companion. Because of his Terrier qualities, he likes to take charge of situations, so early, consistent training, lots of patience and early socialization is important. Personality With his short legs and cheery A fenced yard will help contain this fearless tail, the Dachshund is sure to bring a smile to fellow, who may find himself following his gifted his people. He is loyal and loving, though he sense of smell if given the opportunity. Regular does have a bit of a stubborn streak at times. exercise will keep the Dachshund happy as well Like most small breeds, the Dachshund can be as trim. This is a breed that does well in the city a bit snippy with children, but if well socialized or the country. does very well with them. He also loves to Appearance 8- 9” (20-23 cm) follow his nose and may attempt to “hunt” in 12-32 lb (5.5-14 kg) the yard, digging at interesting holes. Short, smooth, odourless and shiny coat. Solid Appearance Up to 14” (35 cm); (red, cream), two-coloured (black, chocolate, grey chest circumference or white with rust-brown or yellow markings), 12-14” (30-35 cm) dappled (brown, grey or white background with Up to 11 lb (5 kg) irregular patches of black, grey, brown, red or Double coat with uniform short harsh outercoat. yellow) or striped (red or yellow with darker Beard. Solid (red, cream), two-coloured (black, striping).

PUREBRED

chocolate, grey or white with rust-brown or yellow markings), dappled (brown, grey, or white background with irregular patches of black, grey, brown, red or yellow) or striped (red or yellow with darker striping). Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Wagswell Reg’d, Loren & George Breesers. CKC & AKC champion lines. Occasional Smooth puppies and all colours including piebald available. (403) 252-0020; wagswell@mac.com

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Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

FIND OUT HOW TO SAVE MONEY AT THE GROOMER P. 53

History Named for their prey, the “dachs” or badger, the Dachshund is a hardy hunting dog from Germany. The breed was selected for its long, narrow body that could easily fit into narrow holes in the ground. The dog’s long floppy ears protected the ear canals from dirt when going to ground, and his long wavy tail signaled his location while hunting, and offered a grip should he become wedged in a hole. The Standard Wire-Haired Dachshund was created by adding Terrier blood to produce a spunky dog with a more weather-resistant coat. Personality Big personality in a little body certainly describes the Dachshund. A happy, sometimes opinionated fellow, he is an affectionate and cheerful member of the family. His history as a hunter makes it important to socialize him with cats or small pets, though he will accept them as family if introduced at a young age. Outside, the Dachshund likes to follow his nose and dig when things smell interesting. Overall he is an easy-going family pet who is happy to be with his people. Appearance 14-18” (35-46 cm); chest circumference 14” (35 cm) 11-20 lb (5-9 kg) Double coat with uniform short harsh outercoat. Beard. Solid (red, cream), two-coloured (black, chocolate, grey or white with rust-brown or yellow markings), dappled (brown, grey or white background with irregular patches of black, grey, brown, red or yellow) or striped (red or yellow with darker striping). Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Wagswell Reg’d, Loren & George Breesers. CKC & AKC champion lines. Occasional Smooth puppies and all colours including piebald available. (403) 252-0020; wagswell@mac.com BC Carrig Reg’d, Julia Byrnes. Actively breeding and showing throughout Canada and the USA. Puppies, young adults and retirees available on occasion. Let us help you find the champion of your heart. (604) 992-8473; jbyrnes_2000@ yahoo.com; www.carrig.com


When the Dalmatian made his appearance in England in the 18th century, he became immensely popular as a carriage dog, accompanying the aristocracy’s ornate conveyances and horses around town and on long treks through the countryside. He could also be found in the stables of the working class, and in fire stations with horse-drawn water wagons. The four-legged “siren” would help clear the streets by running ahead of the wagon barking. When the Dalmatian arrived in the New World (the U.S.), he automatically endeared himself to firefighters, and no station was complete without one of these spotted mascots. Personality Intelligent and enthusiastic, with lots of joie de vivre and a good demeanour. Socialization, positive training and an abundance of exercise make this athletic fellow a happy, loyal companion. Appearance 21-24” (56-61 cm) 53-70 lb (24-32 kg) Pure white with black or liver coloured spots, ranging from a dime to half-dollar in size. Short, sleek, dense and glossy coat. Quick facts Exercise requirements Grooming AB Taylor Ranch Kennels Perm. Reg’d, Twyla Taylor. CKC registered Top quality pups available to loving family homes from European imported show lines. All breeding dogs are health tested and all pups come with a written quarantee. CKC registered since 1994. Visit our website for more information and availability. Sherwood Park, AB. (780) 922-3985; taylorranchkennel@gmail.com; www.taylorranchkennels.com

DANDIE DINMONT TERRIER

Deerhound (Scottish)

DEERHOUND (SCOTTISH)

History The regal Scottish Deerhound has a centuries-old history with Scottish landowners, developing as a descendant of the most northern types of British Greyhounds known in the 18th and 19th centuries as Highland Greyhounds or rough Scotch Greyhounds. These rough haired Deerhounds were traditionally used to hunt the 250-300 pound Highland Red deer by coursing over treacherous rocky heath and hill country. Today, Deerhounds are primarily companions and family members. Their grace, dignity, and beauty have been faithfully depicted by numerous artists over the years, including Sir History First-named of the terrier breeds, the Edwin Landseer. Novelist Sir Walter Scott was Dandie Dinmont hails from the rugged border also a fan, describing the Scottish Deerhound as country between England and Scotland. Local “the most perfect creature of Heaven”. farmers developed the fearless little dog to root out badgers and otters. Jealously guarded by a Personality Calm, dignified, devoted and limited number of owners, the sturdy breed gentle-natured, the mature Scottish Deerhound makes an excellent family pet when its exercise performed without any specific name or needs are satisfied. While their large size might pedigree until it was immortalized in literature. intimidate some, the Scottish Deerhound is Writer Sir Walter Scott was so charmed by these neither a barker nor a watchdog, and is far too affectionate little dogs that he incorporated kind hearted to be a guard dog. Not surprisingly, them into his 1812 novel, Guy Mannering. The he loves to run and needs a securely fenced yard book’s main character, a farmer named Dandie or a safe place to exercise off leash. Dinmont, owned a whole family of the terriers, Appearance 28-32” (71-81 cm) and soon the breed became as famous as the 75-110 lb (34-50 kg) book. Queen Victoria owned and bred “Dandie Coat is harsh, shaggy and close-lying with some Dinmont’s terriers”. beard and moustache. Dark blue-grey and Personality Intelligent, loyal and adaptable, various shades of grey brindle prevail with the the Dandie Dinmont is at home in city or old original colours of yellow, sandy red or red country. He is protective, with a loud bark for fawn with black points now lost in time. such a little dog. Good with children, he can Quick Facts be independent and distant with strangers. Exercise Requirements Early training and socializing will reinforce his Grooming natural responsiveness and serenity. Appearance 8-11” (20-28 cm) 18-24 lb (8-11 kg) Non-shedding coat. “Pepper” (light grey to blue-black) or “mustard” (light fawn to reddish brown), his distinctive top-knot is always white. Round head. Expressive “liquid” eyes. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

QC Caretta Reg’d, Susan Trow. Dedicated to the breed I have loved for many years. Home-raised, well socialized puppies occasionally available. My breeding is done with careful consideration for health, temperament, conformation and performance, from North American, Scottish and Australian bloodlines. Lifetime owner support. Une elevage deliberee avec les chiots disponibles occasionnelement. (819) 688-5697; strow@sympatico.ca

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History The Dalmatian has been known in Europe since the Middle Ages and takes his name from Dalmatia (now a part of Croatia), where the earliest records of the breed exist. His origin is unclear, although some histories portray him as a gundog, a herding dog, a draft dog, a guardian and a ratter.

NS Cocoabeach Reg’d, Jennifer Stockman, CKC-Registered Dalmatian puppies. Puppies occasionally, adults sometimes. Championship stock producing puppies of sound quality and beautiful personalities. Canadian and American championship bloodlines! Health-guaranteed puppies that are reasonably priced. Check us out on the web! 3229 Hwy 325, Wileville, NS B4V 5H5. (902) 543-7474; jenniferstockman@hotmail.com; www.cocoabeachdalmatians.com

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

DALMATIAN


AKC/BIS BISS CKC GR. CH GATEHOUSE K HOLD YOUR FIRE, T.T., CGN, WAE. Bred/Owned by Maura Reilly, Gatehouse Perm. Reg’d Dobermans

History Karl Freidrich Louis Dobermann was a tax collector in Germany during the mid-1800s. Tax collectors were understandably not well liked, and the job was very dangerous. To keep himself safe, and to make his job easier, Dobermann decided to produce a large Pinscher-type dog who could work by his side. By combining a variety of breeds such as the German Shepherd, Rottweiler, Weimaraner, German Pinscher, Greyhound and Manchester Terrier, he produced a dog that was lean, brave, loyal and decidedly protective. The type stabilized remarkably quickly and the breed was recognized as the Doberman Pinscher by 1900.

PUREBRED

Over time, the Doberman’s brave and intelligent nature has made him an excellent working dog. He has been used for police work, search and rescue, guiding, guarding and much more. He is a favourite of the military. While he was originally bred to have a fierce temperament, modern breeders have selected for levelheadedness and responsiveness.

following the breed standard. Our dogs have been successful in many venues including several working as service dogs. We actively participate in conformation, obedience and other dog sports and encourage our new puppy owners to do the same. Please visit our website for up to date information on future litters. (519) 3745205; maura@gatehousedobermans.com; www. gatehousedobermans.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left)

tested. Quality and temperament-plus, brains and beauty. Canadian and American bloodlines. Show and companion prospects. Written health guarantee. Puppies occasionally to responsible homes. RR 4, Owen Sound, ON N4K 5N6. (519) 794-3456; ultrasoundkennel@gmail.com; www. ultrasoundkennels.com QC Mont-Dobe enr. 1985 Perm. Reg’d, Jocelyn Bourdeau. Éleveur de dobermann européenn depuis 30 ans, au Québec, issue des meilleures lignéees européennes, norden stamm Langenhorst, linenhof, stivenhage, royalbell, de kalhan, inside devil nos reproducteurs recents. Petite élevage de très haute qualité. Une portée par année. (450) 883-5045; itca@sympatico.ca

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Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming BC Westarr Perm. Reg’d, Cynthia Seeling. Quality bred Drevers from top European bloodlines. (604) 794-0068; cynthiaseeling@shaw.ca; www.westarr.org

DUTCH SHEEPDOG -See Shapendoes

DUTCH SHEPHERD DOG

DREVER

Personality Today’s Doberman Pinscher is a far more tractable dog than Herr Dobermann’s original breed. He is intelligent and loyal, and dedicated to his person. Bred to be a working dog, the Doberman does best when he has a purpose, and excels at obedience and police work. He remains a protective individual who serves his owner with a dedication few other History A hunting dog with Swedish roots breeds can match. (“drev” means “to hunt” in Swedish), the Drever Appearance 24-29” (61-72 cm) is a descendant of the Westphalian Dachsbracke 70-99 lb (32-45 kg) from Germany – another hound dog of similar temperament and short-legged stature. The Short, smooth hard coat. Black, red, blue or Drever is known for its first-class nose, and for fawn with rust markings. being a powerful tracker that excels at driving game toward the gun. Recognized as a Swedish Quick Facts breed in 1953, the Drever is considered a rare Exercise Requirements breed in North America, though it remains one Grooming of the most popular dogs in its native Sweden. ON Gatehouse Perm. Reg’d, Maura Reilly & Stephan Olschewski. Gatehouse Dobermans is a small kennel located in Owen Sound, Ontario. We are members in good standing of both the Doberman Pinscher Club of Canada and Doberman Pinscher Club of America. We strive to produce healthy puppies with wonderful temperaments

mentally stimulated. That being said, apartment life isn’t necessarily a write-off, as Drevers are independent and can occupy themselves indoors between walks, provided their activity needs are adequately met. Since the Drever can be a somewhat headstrong, consistent positive training is important from an early age.

Appearance 11-16” (28-40 cm) 32-34 lb (14-16 kg) Thick but short coat with denser areas on neck, Hausenbrook Reg’d, E.J. Numbers. (705) back, and back of thighs. Large, long, well322-7399; enumbers@aol.com; www. proportioned head with drop ears. Short legs similar to a Dachshund’s and long, bristly tail. hausenbrookdobermans.com Colours range from fawn, black or black/tan, McCartney Ron, Ultrasound Reg’d. 40 years always with white patches on face, feet, neck, of dedication, breeding for longevity. Health chest and tail.

Photo: westarr Perm. Reg’d

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Doberman Pinscher

DOBERMAN PINSCHER

History In the early 1600s, when much of the Netherlands was devoted to sheepherding, the Dutch Shepherd Dog excelled at tending to flocks. But as sheep farming diminished, so did the breed itself. In the last few decades, however, dedicated Dutch Shepherd breeders have kept this smart and active dog thriving at farm work and, more extensively, at police and guard duty. Because of the popularity of his German Shepherd cousin, the Dutch Shepherd is considered a rare breed in North America.

Personality Alert and quick to learn, the Dutch Shepherd Dog does best with early training, followed by ongoing pursuits such as agility, field training and herding. He is Personality Described as both tenacious and exceedingly smart and requires ongoing mental industrious, the Drever lives for work, and often and physical challenges. Naturally protective, wants to continue hunting long after his owner is loyal and tireless, this is a dog best paired with a finished. Despite its strong mentality, the Drever strong, confident, active owner. can be calm and friendly, and is notorious for his constantly wagging tail. Always alert and ready Appearance 22-24.5” (55-62 cm) for action, this breed requires plenty of exercise 65-67 lb (29.5-30.5 kg) and socializing to keep him physically and


Eurasier

The Dutch Shepherd looks much like a German Quick Facts Shepherd, but with three different weather- Exercise Requirements resistant coat variations: short-haired, long- Grooming haired or wiry/rough-haired. Black with streaks of gold and grey. ENGLISH FOXHOUND

EURASIER

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Shorthaired Long and Wiry/Rough-haired

ENGLISH COCKER SPANIEL - See Spaniel (English Cocker)

- See (King Charles Spaniel)

ENTLEBUCHER MOUNTAIN DOG History When stags grew scarce in the 13th century, aristocratic English hunters turned to pursuing the quick and clever fox. Tracking hounds of the original Bloodhound type lacked enough speed and agility for this livelier chase, so astute breeding produced the lighter and more surefooted English Foxhound. Records of specialized Foxhound kennels date back to 1696, with 50 more kennels established in the next five decades. This handsome breed made its way to North America in the late 18th century and was History Originating in the valley of Entlebuch the predecessor to the American Foxhound, in Switzerland, the Entlebucher is the smallest Coonhound and other scent hounds. of the four Swiss Sennenhunds (mountain Personality The archetype pack animal, the dogs). Like all of the Sennenhund breeds, he is English Foxhound is a congenial creature. As thought to be descended from the large Molossers brought to Switzerland by the affectionate as he is, the Foxhound may not Romans in the first century B.C. This hardy always suit a family home. His lineage gives him Alpine breed was used primarily for herding a powerful instinct, and for this reason, training cows, but also occasionally for hogs and horses. should start in puppyhood. Ancestry almost The Entlebucher was recognized as a separate always ensures that the English Foxhound may Swiss Mountain Dog breed in the late 1800s, be happiest in a pack, running daily to keep fit and received breed club status in 1926. for the activity he loves: the chase. Personality This strong-muscled, independent, Appearance 23-25” (58-64 cm) confident dog is happiest when he is providing 65-70 lb (29.5-31.5 kg) work for his family. Give him a job to do and he’ll gladly come through! The naturally bob- Short, dense, glossy coat. Black, tan and white tailed Entlebucher is highly-intelligent and has colour in any combination. the ability to be well-focused, so positive training from an early age is important. Adventurous and Quick Facts determined, this dog is a great companion for Exercise Requirements outdoor activities, sports, hiking, and long city Grooming strolls. This friendly dog is devoted to his family, and despite being quite independent, thrives when given lots of attention. The Entlebucher is a perfect breed for someone who can be ENGLISH SPRINGER SPANIEL a positive leader and wants an active canine - See Spaniel (English Springer) companion. With socialization, they are usually good with children, strangers, and other dogs.

History The Eurasier is a recent breed whose development is credited to Julius Wipfel of Germany. He crossed the Wolfspitz (Keeshond) with the Chow Chow, known for his calm, affectionate and independent yet loyal nature, and called the resulting dogs Wolf-Chows. Some breeders chose to select more for type, neglecting temperament. When these lines were culled from the breed, the remaining dogs became too inbred. To correct this, Wipfel crossed his dogs to Samoyeds because of their friendly temperament and natural vigour. The Zuchmeinschaft für Erasier was founded in 1973; the name was changed to Eurasier, reflecting the combination of European and Asian breeds. The Eurasier was recognized by the CKC in 1995, but remains unrecognized in the United States. Personality The primary goal of Wipfel’s breeding program was to produce a Spitz with a consistently excellent temperament. The resulting even-tempered, friendly, intelligent and calm-natured Eurasier is a supreme family dog. He is neither timid nor aggressive, though he can be aloof with strangers. At home he is deeply attached to his family, and hates to be left alone. Because he was always intended as a companion, the Eurasier does not need a lot of exercise, though regular walks are a necessity to keep him healthy and fit. Appearance 19-24” (48-60 cm) 39-71 lb (18-32 kg) Medium-length, harsh loosely-lying outercoat. Thick undercoat. All colours and colour combinations except pure white, white patches or liver. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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ENGLISH TOY SPANIEL

Appearance 16.5-19.5” (42-50 cm) 55-65 lb (25-29.5 kg) Male is longer than the square-shaped female. Soft, fluffy chest and blaze, with smooth, shiny outercoat. Undercoat is soft and dense. Muscular, sturdy body. Symmetrical tricolour markings are black, white, and tan, or black, white, and yellow. Can also have brown, white, and yellow markings.

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FINNISH LAPPHUND

FINNISH SPITZ

History For centuries, Spaniels have provided humans with companionship and performance. While smaller types enjoyed hearth and home, larger Spaniels flushed game from field and stream. It was only a dog’s size and job that determined a Spaniel “breed”. With the introduction of dog shows in mid-19th century Britain, breeders developed a more nuanced system. While some Spaniel types continued to work, the larger Field Spaniel found itself assigned to the show ring. The breed was a hit. But in trying to improve on perfection, breeders developed the well proportioned canine into an awkward, heavy headed dog. Health problems followed, and for a time, the breed fell out of favour. A century ago, committed breeders restored the Field Spaniel to his original build, sustaining the breed and meeting the standards that dog fanciers recognize and appreciate today.

History The Finnish Lapphund originally hunted reindeer and provided protection for the Sami people who lived above the Arctic Circle. When the semi-nomadic tribes established settlements in a region that included parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland and northwestern Russia, this Spitz-type dog turned from hunting reindeer to herding them. As reindeer declined, the Lapphund was invaluable in herding cattle and sheep.

Personality The Field Spaniel’s sporting ancestry, coupled with an abiding love for “his people”, make the breed a desirable family dog. Calm and affectionate, he is also game for a romp. The Field Spaniel is intelligent, and adapts to an urban or country setting. The Field Spaniel is sensitive, so early gentle training ensures his affection will extend to strangers.

Personality The Lapphund’s strongest trait is his tendency to herd. This is a dog who likes to be in on the action, and as his ancestors were capable of herding all day long, he thrives in an active environment. Courageous, faithful and intelligent, the Finnish Lapphund has an intuitive nature that picks up direction almost before his trainer supplies it.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Field Spaniel

FIELD SPANIEL

Appearance 17-18” (43-45.5 cm) 35-50 lb (16-22.5 kg) Moderately long, flat or wavy coat. Glossy with moderate feathering. Black, liver, golden-liver, mahogany red or roan. Tan markings acceptable.

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Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

In the 1940s, Finnish breeders established standards under the dog’s original name, the Lapponian Shepherd Dog. The name encompassed both long- and short-haired types. Currently, it is the long-haired breed we identify as the Finnish Lapphund, or the Lapinkoira, as it’s sometimes called. A familiar companion dog in Finnish homes, the Lapphund’s worldwide popularity is on the rise.

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The original dogs were used to hunt large game, but modern Finnish Spitz are primarily bird dogs. Called the “barking bird dog”, he has a unique hunting style in which he alerts hunters to where he finds the birds with a continuous bark, called a yodel.

Personality Reserved with strangers, yet playful and even clownish with friends, the Finnish Spitz is a vocal breed who likes to make his presence known. He is highly loyal to his people, and can be protective at times. Early socialization helps him feel comfortable with new people, though he will always show caution among strangers. Like many hunting breeds, Appearance 16-20.5” (40.5-52 cm) the Finnish Spitz is an athlete, and makes an 33-53 lb (15-24 kg) excellent jogging companion as long as the Dense, insulating double coat. All colours, with weather isn’t too hot. one colour dominating. Appearance 15-20” (39-51 cm) Quick Facts 15-35 lb (7-16 kg) Exercise Requirements Straight, long harsh outercoat. Short, soft dense Grooming undercoat. Shades of reddish brown, golden red. May have white markings.

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History Originating in Lapland (the northern regions of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia), the Finnish Spitz, also known as the Lapinkoira, was a hunting dog who tracked large prey such as bear and elk. For many years the breed remained pure, but as technology and transportation improved, Lapland dogs spread southwards and interbred with local dog populations. Crossbreeding deteriorated the breed so much that by 1880 the Lapinkoira was nearly extinct. Finnish breed fanciers searched the northern regions for purebred examples of the breed, and by the 1890s began a concerted effort to recreate the pure Finnish Spitz.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming SK Firestorm Reg’d, Janet Schroeter. Our puppies are home-raised and come with a written health guarantee. They are vet-checked, micro-chipped, and will have received their first set of vaccinations before going to their new homes. We provide breeder support for the lifetime of your Finnish Spitz. We’re always here to answer questions and help resolve any issues or concerns you may have. (306) 764-0304; janetschroeter@sasktel.net; www. firestormfinnishspitz.weebly.com


- See Retriever (Flat Coated)

FOX TERRIER (SMOOTH)

not suited to taking the fox in its den. For this, hunters would carry a Fox Terrier in a sack or box as they rode, letting him out when the fox had gone to ground so he could pursue the fox into its den and chase it out.

History The Bulldog was very popular in England during the 1800s. While the larger varieties were best for fighting, many people preferred the smaller ones, which became much-loved house pets. The Nottingham region of England, known for its lace-making, was particularly enamoured of these smaller Bulldogs. When the Industrial Revolution and economic downturn of the 1860s forced lacemakers to move to France in pursuit of work, they took their dogs with them. These animals were then crossed with local dogs, producing the breed now known as the French Bulldog.

The breed existed for many years before being defined in the late 1800s when dog shows became popular. Two varieties were recognized – the smooth coated and wire coated Fox Terrier. The ancestry of each is likely different, with the Greyhound, Beagle and Bull Terrier founding the Smooth Fox Terrier, and the now extinct Welsh Black and Tan Terrier founding the Wire Fox Terrier. Despite their differing origins, the The French Bulldog became popular in North two varieties were not recognized as separate America in the 19th century. At that time, breeds in North America until the 1980s. History One of the original English terriers, the Personality Alert and active, the Wire Fox both the English-style “rose” (folded) ears and Fox Terrier has been ferreting out small animals Terrier is a fun dog to have around the home. the newer “bat” (erect) ears were considered since the 1400s. When fox hunting became the He is a hunter at heart and should be watched acceptable. American breeders greatly preferred British aristocracy’s favourite sport in the 18th with smaller pets that might be considered prey. the bat ears. Eventually they won out. Bat ears century, hunters carried the compact dog on Early socialization helps him become more are now the accepted breed standard. horseback, setting him down when the prey took confident and easy to manage when confronted Personality Cheerful and full of playful joie cover. The scrappy little dog was sure to go to with new people and situations. He is quite ground – and have something to show for it. In intelligent and with positive training can do well de vivre, the French Bulldog or Frenchie is a 1862, the breed made its first appearance at a in obedience or agility. The Wire Fox Terrier wonderful family pet. He gets along with dog show in the English manufacturing centre gets quite attached to his people, prefers to not everyone, including other pets. His shortened of Birmingham, thereby guaranteeing its place be left alone for long periods, and can be a bit muzzle tends to make him snore and drool, as “the working man’s” favourite. and he shouldn’t be exercised heavily in hot of a barker. weather. With his happy disposition and goodThe breed made its North American debut at the Appearance Up to 15.5” (40 cm) hearted nature, he enjoys positive training turn of the 20th century. Not long afterwards, it Up to 18 lb (8 kg) and is generally an obedient soul. was immortalized in the record company logo Wiry, hard dense outercoat. Soft dense for “His Master’s Voice”. Appearance 12” (30 cm) undercoat. Mostly white with black, black and 22-28 lb (10-12.5 kg) Personality Scrappy, happy, plucky and tan, or tan markings. personable, the Fox Terrier’s compact size Short, smooth glossy coat. Brindle, fawn, cream, makes him a natural city dweller, providing Quick Facts white, brindle and white, brindle pied or blackhe gets plenty of fun and exercise. True to his Exercise Requirements masked fawn. Grooming breeding, the Fox Terrier can be a digger, which Quick Facts makes him a candidate for early training. SK Exercise Requirements Appearance 14.5-15.5” (36.8-39.5 cm) Paigewyre Reg’d, Patricia E Garling. Quality Grooming 15.5-18 lb (7-8 kg) homeraised puppies and adults occasionally for pet

French Bulldog

FLAT COATED RETRIEVER

Smooth, thick, hard coat. Mostly white with or show. Stud service available. Health guaranteed. AB 938 1st St, Estevan, SK S4A 0G6. (306) 634-1252; Alberta French Bulldogs is a joint site black, tan or ginger markings.

FRENCH BULLDOG

FOX TERRIER (WIRE)

History The Fox Terrier has been around since the early days of mounted fox hunts. Hounds were used to scent and follow prey, but were

MBPIS/Gr.Ch. Karendon’s The Pied Piper, represents 15 generations of Karendon Perm. Reg’d. French Bulldogs. Piper is an outstanding French Bulldog and in 2016 achieved #2 Puppy All Breeds In Canada, #1 Non Sporting Puppy In Canada and #1 Male French Bulldog in Canada. Bred by Karen E. Cram www.karendonfrenchbulldogs.com. Owned by Karen E. Cram and Deborah Brennan.

between French Bulldogs by Gernada and Taylor Ranch Kennels Perm. Reg’d. We strive to bring you top quality French Bulldogs in structure, temperament, health and pedigrees. Pups will be CKC registered with written health guarantees. For more info visit our website taylorranchkennel@gmail.com; www.albertafrenchbulldogs.com ON Eltorro French Bulldogs Reg’d, Home of the BIS and group winning Frenchies for over 40 years. We strive for excellence in conformation, along with good health and temperaments first and foremost. Our dogs are not only show dogs, but make the best of companions. What the French Bulldog is all about! Guelph, ON. (519) 763-2786; eltorrofrenchies@att.net; www. eltorrofrenchbulldogs.com

French Bulldog continued on next page.

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paigewyre@sasktel.net; www.paigewyre.com

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


French Bulldog

beaver, badger and otter. By the 15th century, the breed developed into the Rattler, which came in two varieties: smooth and rough. The German Pinscher is descended from the smooth Rattler. Hornerbrook Reg’d, Jacques R. LaPierre & Nathalie L. LaPierre. PO Box 88, Verona ON, K0H 2W0. (613) 372-1544; hornrbrk@kingston. net; www.hornerbrook.com KARENDON PERM. REG’D. For over 23 years and 14 generations, we have focussed our select breeding program on health, temperament and type. Our pedigrees represent the finest bloodlines in the world. In addition to being Canadian and American conformation Champions, our beautiful French Bulldogs are Best In Specialty Show, Best In Show and multi Group Winners. They are always lovingly breeder/owner handled in the Conformation Show Ring. However, most importantly, our French Bulldogs are amazing pets with average lifespans of 13 to 14 years. (613) 752 - 2382; karen@karendonfrenchbulldogs .com; www.karendonfrenchbulldogs.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement on page 117)

The breed was not recognized officially until 1879. Like many German breeds, the Pinscher nearly died out during the First and Second World Wars. In 1958, Herr Werner Jung undertook the effort of rebuilding the breed, searching Germany for good representatives of the Pinscher type. All modern German Pinschers are descendants of Jung’s breeding program. Personality Always alert and at the ready, the German Pinscher is a multi-talented dog who needs strong leadership and a job to keep him happy. He is intelligent and assertive, quick to learn, and able to think for himself. German Pinschers do well in many dog sports, and benefit from early socialization.

Rittmeister Max von Stephanitz. In the 1890s, von Stephanitz sought to create a superb German herding dog. He selected the best dogs from local farm stock, and the result was the German Shepherd. When the need for herding dogs decreased, von Stephanitz continued promoting his breed by encouraging the military and police to use them. They did so well that 48,000 German Shepherds were enlisted in the German Army during World War I. The German Shepherd’s intelligence and versatility have kept him popular, despite the boycotting of German breeds during the First and Second World Wars. He now is used for many purposes including police work, search and rescue, scent discrimination, guide and assistance duties and military work. He is also a prized companion dog.

Personality An intelligent and poised dog, the German Shepherd is prized for his quickAppearance 17-20” (43-51 cm) thinking, brave and observant nature. He is easy 31-44 lb (14-20 kg) to train, and loves to work. To stay happy, he needs regular exercise for both mind and body. Short, dense, smooth close-lying coat. All solid German Shepherds make great family dogs, colours ranging from fawn to stag red, black and and do well with children. blue with reddish-tan markings. Nifty Reg’d, Kathy O’Drowsky. (519) 284-0684; Appearance 21-26” (55-66 cm) Quick Facts odrowsky@aol.com 48-88 lb (22-40 kg) Exercise Requirements Robb Isle Perm. Reg’d, Robert & Dianne Lowes. Medium-length, dense harsh outercoat. Thick Grooming Vet checked, first needles, micro chipped, 6 undercoat. May have ruff. Most colours accepted except white. White German Shepherds do weeks Free Pet Insurance, Health Guarantee, AB We only breed colors according to the Breed Tri-Pinscher Kennels, Donna Smith. Established exist, but are undesirable. Some breeders select Standard. (705) 526-5365; robbisle@gmail.com; 1996. Customer comments: “Thee BEST kept for white shepherds and promote them as a www.robbisle.com SECRET in DOGDOM !! “. “THE PERFECT separate breed.

Robobull Perm. Reg’d, Shelley St. John. Home of History Making, Record Breaking BIS/BISS, Westminster Group Winning, Eukanuba Group Placing French Bulldogs. A legacy of excellence for top winning, healthy, wonderful companions! (905) 685-7626; roborott@computan.on.ca; www.robobullfrenchbulldogs.com

GERMAN PINSCHER

Ideal Medium size breed!”. Devoted, super smart, loving family companions and guardians. “THIS breed LIVES for you and WILL die for you!”. Easily trained, versatile, low care with good health and longevity. 4 colours and ear cropping available. Pups are vet checked with 3 year written guarantee. UKC Internationally Registered. Producers of Grand Champions. Shipping Available. Doberman pups available. (780) 986-6877; pinscher@telus.net; www. tri-pinscher.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

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GERMAN SHEPHERD DOG

UKC Internationally registered, devoted, loving and protective companions. Producing Grand Champions with excellent temperaments. Bred/Owned by Tri-Pinscher Kennels, Donna Smith. Leduc, AB

History Although he looks like a miniature Doberman, the German Pinscher goes back V Ex vom Maibachtal, IPO3. Owned by Roxanne Harker, centuries and was the inspiration for Louis Stormymagic Shepherds Reg’d. Melrose, NB. Dobermann when he created his breed. The progenitors of the Pinscher were Terriers, too large History One of the world’s best known to chase prey underground but suited to hunting breeds, the German Shepherd was created by 118

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2017

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming German Shepherd Dog Club of Canada, Inc. Secretary - Tom Morgan. (613) 395-1182; dawn@ eagle.ca; www.gsdcc.ca AB Guardian Angels Shepherds Reg’d, Mary Ann Marcellus. Breeding for health & temperament. All European working lines with no American show lines. German Shepherds the way they used to be! Three generations on site. Specializing in strong, sound and courageous partners! Bowden, AB T0M 0K0. (403) 556-3656; k9trainer@dogwhisperer.ca; www.myguardianangelshepherds.com. (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) MottoPride Shepherds Reg’d, Sandi Evjen. We offer oversized Shepherds that are intelligent, smart, loyal loving companions. All pups come with a health guarantee. All breeding stock OFA’d. We live on 80 acres of grass and bush for exercising and training. Climate controlled kennel with large outdoor grass runs. We raise confident, happy, healthy, socialized puppies. Stony Plain, AB. (780) - 963 - 1697; sandi@mottopride.ca; www.mottopride.ca Northernbear Reg’d, Roy & Esther Eckert. Quality Czech and Western GSDs. CKC registered. Sables bi-colours and traditional style with strong red influence. Plush and


ON Albtal German Shepherds Reg’d. We’re a small home kennel specializing in black & red West German Show Line GSD’s. We breed for health, temperament & structure, trying to attain that perfect GSD combining intelligence & workability with the potential to be a family pet or a herding/ agility/obedience/tracking champion. In other words, we want to produce the versatile dog that the GSD was meant to be. Our lines are Kirschental (herding) & Bad-Boll. We show our breeding dogs in Sieger & CKC Conformation and have their hips & elbows certified by the SV in Germany. Puppy inquiries are welcomed. Val Caron, ON. (705) 897-5877; versatileGSDs@ gmail.com; www.albtalgermanshepherds.ca Armstrong-Purnell Janice & Murray Purnell, Sanhedrin Reg’d. Quality home raised puppies from sound, health champion & obedience OFA certified clear stock. Our dogs do well in Obedience & Shows, but most of all, are loving family companions. 8676 Hwy 9, Tottenham, ON L0G 1W0. (416) 441-3724 Cell; (905) 9363236 Home; willysammi@hotmail.com; www. sanhedringermanshepherds.com Burgimwald Reg’d. Excellent temperament with high drive and happy disposition living on our forested 60 acre estate. Our dogs are from Germany’s top world famous bloodlines. Zamp, Farbenspiel, 14 generations of Trienzbachtal bloodlines and many more. All of our dogs are Canadian Champions. Our puppies are outstanding. Born and raised in our home puppy nursery. Puppy inquiries welcome. Young dogs and trained adults from Germany available occasionally. Call Erwin at (705) 333-8888; burgimwald@gmail.com; www.burgimwald.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) Carmspack. Good temperament, strong, confident, clear headed. Energetic when required, calm when not. Strong nerves with high thresholds, acting appropriately to a situation, not out of stress or perception of threat when there is none, has been a priority since that first litter in 1978. That temperament allowed Carmspack dogs to serve in almost any job you can imagine. Bomb dogs, securing the safety of World and Religious leaders, valued members of law enforcement k9 teams, as guide dogs,

Committed to Canine, Lucescu Reg’d. 100% European Lines. Health Guaranteed. Puppies and adults for family companions, police and competition. (905) 386-6993; www. committedtocanine.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) Deep Hollow Kennels breeds for confident, intelligent, loyal working German Shepherds. Suitable for sport or as a family pet. Puppies, occasional adults, and stud service available. Port Colborne, Ontario. (905) 941-3176, brittany@deephollow.ca, www.deephollow.ca (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) Eves GSD Reg’d. Breeder of German Shepherd Dogs for the last 20 years Black Tan , Sable and Long coats Puppies for sale. One to two litters a year. For more info call or text (905) 573-9713 All Eves GSD are Raw Feed. 458 Hall Rd E Binbrook Ontario L0R-1C0. Also home of Binbrook Camp Kennel Quality Care for your pets on 25 acres. www.binbrookcampkennel.ca (905) 692-3847 Also Home of Nibbles and Licks Petting Farm (905) 537-9713 Harkleen Reg’d, Bill Harrison. Breeding Registered German Shepherds for over forty years. Puppies occasionally. Hillsburgh ON. (519) 855-9980; harrtay@bell.net Heatherhaus Reg’d, Pat & Donna Heatherton. We take great pride in our home raised German Shepherd puppies, they come to you with first shots, chipped, vet checked, CKC reg., pedigree, Royal Canin puppy packs, toys, blanket. Our Sire and Dam are CKC Champions our Sire has his CGN temperament certificate. We are located in Beautiful Muskoka. (705) 7693589; heatherhaus-shepherds@hotmail.com; www.heatherhaus.webs.com Lindenhof Reg’d, Charlie Schmidt. 50 years of experience training & breeding dogs. Stud service available. 804 Stewartville Rd, RR 2, Arnprior, ON K7S 3G8. (613) 622-5599; lindenhof@bell.net; www.lindenhof.ca (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight)

Rivergreen Reg’d. Proudly continues to produce your canine companions, your protectors and many successful show dogs. We take great care to offer you healthy, happy puppies with beautiful structure and promising trainability. With over 30 years of Shepherd breeding. We appreciate our many contacts and friendships with wonderful people and their dogs. RR 3, Markdale, ON N0C 1H0. (519) 538-0910; rivergreen@xplornet. com; www.rivergreen-shepherds.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) Shiphra Shepherds is an Ontario breeder of red and black west German show-line German shepherds. Our breeding stock consists of only the finest German bloodlines. The balance in their drives makes our puppies suited for family, companion, working, obedience and protection homes. (866) 936-7701; dean@ shiphrashepherds.com; www.shiphrashepherds. com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

German Shepherd Dog

NB Stormymagic Reg’d, Roxanne Harker. We breed top-quality, imported working lines German Shepherds. Our puppies have good solid nerves, outstanding temperaments and a lot of drive, which develop into awesome personal and family companions and excel in protection, Schutzhund, SAR and law enforcement. Melrose, NB (506) 899-0234; stormymagicshepherds@hotmail. com; www.stormymagicshepherds.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left)

provided comfort and support to returning vets, and cherished as trustworthy loyal family pets. Conformation? Natural – normal, functional, athletic, that which serves a working breed best. Not influenced by trends, or exaggerations for structure, and that applies also to drive. They have graced the covers and pages of BrownTrout calendars for decades. They are seen in Shaw’s “The Illustrated Standard for the German Shepherd Dog” www.shawlein.com, a classic reference book in the making. Carmspack dogs have been raw fed for 30 years and fuelled by Feed-Sentials for k9. Each generation is built on Carmspack foundation, most dogs going back to that first litter. Breedings are done remembering the original description and use of this breed which was to be a versatile dog. Carmspacks selects for working biddability, instinctive tracking and heritage herding genetics to ensure that this kind of dog, these virtues, remain available, conservation and preservation. You know my priorities. So what are yours? (905) 6553833; www.Carmspack.com

McCartney Ron, Ultrasound Reg’d. Happy, healthy well-socialized puppies. Focused on Health Testing and Temperament. To approved homes only. Breeder of CKC registered Purebred dogs for 40 years. Reasonable prices. RR 4, Owen Sound, ON N4K 5N6. (519) 794-3456; ultrasoundkennel@gmail.com Wild Winds German Shepherds, Kathy Cecchin. Quality family-raised puppies suitable for all competitive disciplines, as well as excellent family companions. All parents “Cert” hips/ elbows and clear of DM. 3 year written warranty for Hips/Elbows. Imported German Working Lines. Extra large pups available in black, black/ tan and sable. Visitors Welcome. RR 3, 7489 First Line, Arthur, ON N0G 1A0. (519) 8485554; windbakfund@rocketmail.com; www. wildwindsgsds.ca (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) Abernot Linda, Winning Ways German Shepherd Dogs We strive to produce mentally and physically sound, family friendly dog. Our breeding stock is certified normal hips and elbows, DM clear; we stand behind all our dogs with our famous five-year nose to-tail guarantee and lifetime support. We breed both black and red West German Show Lines and all black and black sable working lines. Our dogs excel in obedience, agility, therapy work etc. Over 30 years in same location! 568 Old Goulais Bay Rd, Sault Ste. Marie, ON P6A 0B5. (705) 7596366 HM - (705) 759-8282 CELL winningways@ shaw.ca; www.winningways.org (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) QC Kidjuuk Reg’d, Jocelyne Bergeron. All Kidjuuk’s puppies are ethically bred with all health testing, 3 year guarantee, lifetime support. Our shepherds excel in temperament and behavior. Health - Performance - Beauty. Èlevage orienté sur la santé, le tempérament, le comportement, la performance et la beatué! Chiens testés OFA DM. Garantie santé 3 ans. (819) 821-6059; info@ kidjuukgsd.com; www.kidjuukgsd.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

German Shepherd Dog continued on next page.

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smooth coats. Health tested and guaranteed. Suitable for sport, protection or family pets. We raise our pups to be hardy, strong nerved and balanced in a stimulating rural environment. Large breed boarding available. (780) 9412487; northernbear@airsurfer.ca; https://www. facebook.com/esther.eckert.37


soundness, loyalty, athleticism and intelligence. Home raised puppies are good with children and make excellent companions. They do well in obedience, tracking and protection work. All breeding stock is health checked working or VA lines from Germany. Guarantee provided. Stud service and custom importing available. Saskatoon, SK (306) 653-2324; gnilrone@sasktel. net; www.backstromhus.com

GOLDEN RETRIEVER -See Retriever (Golden)

GORDON SETTER - See Setter (Gordon)

GREAT DANE

Appearance At least 28” (71 cm) At least 100 lb (46 kg)

ON Quicksilver Danes Reg’d. Since 2001 Member of the Great Dane Club of Canada. Breeder of quality blues show and pet. Temperament and longevity are our priorities. Reservations are required. (705) 989-6514; quicksilverdanes@ yahoo.com; www.quicksilverdanes.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left.)

PUREBRED

Can & UKC Woolmarsh Prestonfield Matisse. Bred by Dr. Carol Graham & Norma Eddinton, Woolmarsh Perm. Reg’d. Owned by Dr. Carol Graham, Woolmarsh Perm. Reg’d. 5039 Erin Fourth Line, Acton, ON L7J 2L8

History Born in the Pyrenees Mountains of France and Spain, the Great Pyrenees protected the sheep and cattle that supported native peoples. Brave, sure-footed and utterly reliable, these white giants cared for their charges like no others. In 1675, the French Prince, later King Louis XIV, fell in love with a dog named Patou, who he brought home with him when he returned to France. Other nobles wanted a dog like Patou, and the breed soon became known as Strong and brave, the Great Dane was a war the “Royal Dog of France”. dog for Germans and Celts, but over time, the The Great Pyrenees remained popular as a Germans refined the breed, which was so well herder. He was also favoured as a guard dog. loved that it was declared the national dog of In the mid-1600s, several Great Pyrenees were Germany in 1876. By the mid-1800s, Great exported by Basque fishermen who brought Danes were imported to North America where them to the Canadian Maritimes. There they breeders worked to tone down their sometimes became founders for the Newfoundland dog. fiercely protective nature, producing an even- More recently, Great Pyrenees were exported to tempered though still protective dog. This North America in the 1930s, where they gained made North American Great Danes the most new popularity among breeders. desirable in the world. Personality Bred to be a herd guardian, it’s no surprise the Great Pyrenees is a protective dog Personality Big, bold and a bit goofy, the dedicated to his family. He is kind and gentle Great Dane is a loving dog who adores his with his flock, human or otherwise, but cautious people. He is a leaner, preferring to be right up with strangers. It is important to socialize Great against his owner, and if he had his way he’d Pyrenees at a young age. He has a tendency to be a lap dog too. He enjoys going for long and want to patrol his territory, as he would livestock, CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2017

ON Glenire Reg’d, Valerie Toth. Since 1963. Purebred, pedigreed, microchipped, tattooed, Canadian Kennel Club registered puppies and older dogs. Temperament tested for best fit as pet, show or livestock guardians. No time limit, written genetic health guarantee. Champion stud service. We show our dogs CKC, UKC. Visitors welcome. Life member CKC & GPCOntario. Founding member GPCC. Glenire Acres, 10 Clanbrassil Rd, RR 3, Hagersville, ON N0A 1H0. (905) 768-4190; lesvalt@hotmail.com; www. glenireacresfarm.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) Woolmarsh Perm Reg’d, Dr. Carol Graham. Erin Fourth Line, Acton, ON L7J 2L8. Well socialized, home raised puppies occasionally from OFA certified parents. We also help with Great Pyrenees rescue for the Great Pyrenees Club of Southern Ontario. Inquiries welcome. (519) 853-3005; (519) 855-6439 Bus; (519) 855-4408 Fax. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left)

Can CH Quicksilver’s Blue Athena. Quicksilver Reg’d breeder of quality Blue Great Danes since 2000. Bred/ Owned by Sylvia Haavisto, Quicksilver Danes Reg’d.

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Appearance 25-32” (63-81 cm) over 88 lb (female) or 100 lb (male) (40 kg or 50 kg)

Long, flat thick outercoat. Dense wooly Short, thick glossy coat. Brindle, fawn, black, outercoat. Neck ruff. White, white with grey, badger, reddish brown, tan markings. harlequin, mantle. Quick Facts Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Exercise Requirements Grooming Grooming

GREAT PYRENEES

History The Great Dane got his name from an 18th century French naturalist who believed the breed originated in Denmark and called it the “Grand Danois”. In actuality, the breed was developed in Germany where it was called the “Deutsche Dogge” or German Mastiff. This is a far more suitable name since the Great Dane likely descended from the ancient Alaunt, a Mastiff-type dog depicted in tomb drawings as early as 2200 BC. Over time, Irish Wolfhound and English Mastiff bloodlines were likely added, giving the breed added size.

so a well-fenced yard or leash walks are essential. Overall he is a serious conscientious family member who will protect his family with his life.

QC Pitous du Val Perché, Marianne Glofcheski. Chiens de montagne des Pyrénées. Compagnons et gardiens. Reproducteurs certifiés OFA. Companions and guardians. Canadian and European champion bloodlines. 134 rte 148 Est, Lochaber, QC J0X 3B0. (819) 985-1044; valperche@live.ca; www.DuValPerche.ca

GREATER SWISS MOUNTAIN DOG

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

German Shepherd Dog

often brisk walks, and without training can be difficult to hold onto once he gets going. Given his great size and independent thinking, SK it is important to start training early, keeping Backstromhus Reg’d, Edith Norling. Bred for sessions short and sweet.

History The oldest of the four Swiss Sennenhund varieties, the Greater Swiss Mountain dog is a descendant of the Mastiff dogs used by the ancient Romans during their conquests. Swiss farmers used the dogs as guardians, herders, and as draft and butcher’s


coat. Black, red, reddish-brown, or black with reddish-brown markings.

Appearance 26-28 in (66-76 cm) 60-75 lb (27-29.5 kg)

AB Manitoba Brussels Griffons, Maggie Blackman. CALGARY’S home of the BRUSSELS GRIFFONS. 25+ Years experience. Take the rough with the Smooth.. All colours. Show and pets. Home bred healthy smart people friendly pups..Many Champions Europe,Canada,USA/ Big show wins. Health guarantees/grass mat potty training...Registered www.griffsandchins. com; brusselsgriffon@shaw.ca; (403) 271-9751; (403) 589-8956

Black, fawn and red, often with white or brindle markings.

Personality This mellow breed makes for an ideal family dog. Patient, friendly, and intelligent, Quick Facts the Swissy is a good companion and a good Exercise Requirements guard dog without having aggressive traits. Grooming His consistent temperament makes him good with children and other dogs. While mellow, GRIFFON (BRUSSELS) the Swissy remains puppy-like into its second or third year. They enjoy lounging with their family, as well as engaging in group activities. Socialization from a young age is also important, since they can be naturally protective. Appearance 23.5-28.5” (60-72 cm) 110-154.5 lb (50-70 kg) Medium-length, thick outercoat with short, thick undercoat. Symmetrical black, white, and tan markings on face. Body is black with rust and white coloured markings. Soft, floppy ears. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

GREYHOUND

History The Greyhound is one of the world’s oldest breeds. It dates back to nearly 3000 BC when its image appeared in ancient Egyptian carvings, although the first real description of the breed didn’t appear until 43 BC, when an ancient Roman named Ovid wrote about these sleek hunting dogs. The Greyhound has changed very little since those early times. These fast, streamlined dogs were for royalty only, and originally used as sight hounds for hunting every type of game from hare to deer to foxes. It wasn’t until just over 200 years ago that Greyhound coursing became popular. Greyhounds were brought to North America by Spanish explorers in the 1500s and were among the first dogs to be recorded at American dog shows in the late 19th century. Among the famous personalities who own Greyhounds are George Washington and General Custer.

SOMERSHIRE’S DARTH VADER, a black smooth coat, at 4 mos of age Sire: Ardenada’s Slim Shady/ Dam: CH Somershire She Wins Allmymoney www. somershirekennel.com

History In the past, stable masters often had problems with rats that thrived off spilled grain left by horses as they ate. To counter this problem, fierce ratters like the Affenpinscher were common in stables. These dogs came to be known as Griffon D’Ecurie, or Stable Griffons. Lively and friendly, they were often taken along for rides as the coachmen left the stables for their duties. Nobles saw these cute canine companions and soon took them into their own homes as pets. Over time, other breeds such as Pugs and Toy Spaniels were crossed with Stable Griffons, giving them a higher skull and smaller size. Three varieties of coat and type developed: the rough red became known as the Brussels Griffon. The First and Second World Wars were hard on the Brussels Griffon. Fortunately, the breed was preserved in both Europe and in North America. Personality Distinguished by his human-like face, the Brussels Griffon is a bright, confident and curious imp. He bonds strongly with his person and can be shy with strangers, so benefits from early socialization. Intelligent, affectionate and sensitive, the Brussels Griffon needs an owner who trains in a positive manner and is attentive to his needs. Appearance 7-8” (18-20 cm) 7-13 lb (3-6 kg) Rough: wiry, hard dense coat. Beard and moustache. Smooth: short, straight glossy

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Griffon (Brussels)

Personality Beautiful, lean and lively, the Greyhound is today mostly valued as a companion animal. Not surprisingly, he’s the fastest of dog breeds and relies on sight and speed to make his way through the world. He has a sweet nature and makes a loving pet.

ON Dachari Perm. Reg’d, Melodie Gault. We have been breeding and showing for over 20 years. We have produced many Canadian and American Champions. Health and temperament are our priority. We have both rough and smooth. Griffs are very loyal and loving companions, they are just as happy to be active as to lay beside you and just enjoy your company. (613) 2050646; dachari1@gmail.com; www.dachari.com Somershire Reg’d, Blanche Somers. We breed for quality, health and excellent temperament. Well socialized and home-raised from pups, we carefully breed from Champion bloodlines and produce show and loving family companions. We occasionally have smooth coats but rough coats are our specialty. Inquires welcome. (905) 478-8880, somershiregriffs@gmail.com; www.somershirekennel.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left) QC Griffon De La Grifonnerie, Monica Giordano. Our puppies have been raised under foot in our home for 10 years. We have rough coats and short coats (petit brabançon). Please visit our website for photos and information. We will be pleased to answer your questions and visits are welcomed to meet with us and the dogs. (450) 372-5886; monicagiordano525@ gmail.com; www.griffondelagrifonnerie.com

legend Very minimal

PUREBRED

dogs. Despite being a popular all-purpose working dog, their numbers declined dramatically and by the late 19th century only a few remained. In 1908, a man named Franz Schertenleib rediscovered the breed and implemented a breeding program based on the recommendation from Dr. Albert Heim. In 1910 the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog (aka “Swissy”) was accepted by the Swiss registry and the breed flourished once again.

Minimal Average More than average

Maximum

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Griffon (Wire Haired Pointing)

GRIFFON (WIRE HAIRED POINTING) HAVANESE

History Around 1870, a Dutchman named Korthals decided to create a sporting dog that could compete with English gun dogs. Beginning with Griffon stock, which he carefully inbred to set the traits he desired, he then combined other sporting breeds such as the French Pointer, French Barbet, German Short-Haired Pointer and various spaniels and setters. The resulting dogs were strong, versatile and excellent birding dogs that could point, track and retrieve their prey. Though slower than many other breeds of gun dog, the Wire Haired Pointing Griffon had the advantage of being easy to work in small farm fields. It also had the ability to track injured birds that ran, ensuring the kill was not lost. The breed did well in Europe and gained a great following in France, which is credited as its country of origin. However, it did not gain popularity in North America, where its slower speed didn’t suit the wide open regions frequented by hunters. This dog is equally suited to retrieving on land or in water.

MBIS CKC/AKC Grand Champion MistyTrails Reddi n’Will’n. Multiple Best in Show winning Boy. Bred and owned by Emily and Bev Dorma, MistyTrails Reg’d, Box 343 Cobble Hill, BC V0R1L0 mistytrails@uniserve.com

History A descendant of one of many “small white dogs” of Bichon type, the Havanese was developed on the island of Cuba. The hot climate and customs of the region produced a smaller breed with a unique silken coat, which people called the Blanquito de la Habana or the Havanese Silk Dog. The breed’s silken hairs insulated the dogs, protecting them from the heat and sun.

PUREBRED

The breed caught the eye of Europeans in the mid-1700s. Queen Victoria, a great fancier of unusual dogs, was said to have owned two Havanese. Charles Dickens also owned a Havanese named Tim. In Cuba, the breed went from being a favourite of the sugar barons to a popular family dog among the bourgeois. The Cuban revolution might have spelled the end of the breed, except for a handful of dogs that escaped with refugees to the United Personality A lover of the outdoors, the Wire States. American breeders purchased the dogs Haired Pointing Griffon is an active dog who to keep the breed from dying out. These 11 dogs thrives on long walks in any kind of weather. Indoors he is relaxed and happy to spend time became the founders of the Havanese breed as with his family. His stable disposition makes him we now know it. a good playmate for children. Respectful and Personality The cheerful, loving Havanese is responsive, the Wire Haired Pointing Griffon is an easy breed to fall in love with. He is outgoing easy to train. and friendly, though alert and willing to warn his people of danger. He is a Velcro dog who Appearance 19-24” (49-61 cm) needs to be with his people at all times. A natural 50-60 lb (23-27 kg) showoff, the Havanese loves to play and wants to Medium-length, straight coarse outercoat. Fine, be the center of attention. Training is easy and thick downy undercoat. Moustache. Steel grey the Havanese loves to learn new tricks. with liver patches, liver roan, liver, liver and Appearance 8.5-11.5” (21-29 cm) white, orange and white. 7-14 lb (3-6.5 kg) Quick Facts Long, silken, flat, wavy or curly outercoat. Exercise Requirements Wooly underdeveloped undercoat. All colours. Grooming NS PAGESKA’S Griffon Town Kennel. Producing Supreme Gun Dogs for serious hunters. Home of the All Time Number One Griffon in the History of Canada. Producing 100% Authentic Korthals Griffons. Puppies and started dogs available with bilingual services. The Canadian Supreme Gun Dog Training Center on site at our kennel with Professional Hunting Dog Trainers. (506) 999-4746; griffontownkennel@hotmail.com; www.griffontownkennel.com

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Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Havanese Fanciers of Canada. Cuddly longhaired lap-sized charmers with endearing sunny dispositions/ Learn more about this special breed at the Havanese Fanciers of Canada website, home of the CKC-recognized national breed club. Breeder contacts, breed information, puppy buying tips, rescue, heartwarming stories, outstanding breed

publications, newsletter, Havanese happenings and more. www.havanesefanciers.com (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight) BC ELITE Havanese Reg’d, Bev & Emily Dorma. CKC Premium Registered Vet referred Breeders Outstanding top quality kitchen raised puppies. World Champion + Pure Cuban bloodlines. Westminster Winner , Multi Best-in-Show + Multi Top Havanese in the country for several years. Bred for health, temperament, structure and longevity. All dogs are ANNUALLY health-tested, with results posted ONLINE + Vet files are open. Show, Pet-Companion, Agility, Therapy puppies occasionally available. Experience on your side. Bev, MistyTrails Havanese of Box 343, Cobble Hill, BC V0R 1L0. (250) 743-5370; (250) 709-1805 cell mistytrails@uniserve.com; www.elitehavanese.com ; http://www.wix.com/ mistytrails/pups (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left and our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight) NB Sailormade Reg’d, Lisa Barry. Saint John, NB. www.sailormadekennels.com ON Bonnieview Reg’d, Lorraine Bain. Mount Forest, ON. (519) 323-6071; dlbain@bonnieviewkennels. ca; www.bonnieviewkennels.ca DelSol Havanese, Margaret Lacey-Wardle. We at DelSol Havanese believe that the health and welfare of our puppies is paramount. Breeding for health, temperament, and breed soundness. We do health testing on all our breeding dogs. Eyes, Patella, Cardiac and BAER testing done. Our puppies are raised using “Puppy Culture”. (519) 688-3230; mlacey.wardle@yahoo.ca; www. delsolhavanese.com Everspring Reg’d. Joanna Swayze. Member of the Canadian Kennel Club. Puppies bred for health and temperament. Puppies will be registered with the CKC. Puppies will be dewormed, vet checked, micro-chipped and will have had their first set of shots prior to going to their new homes. Tweed is between Ottawa and Toronto, just north of Belleville. Can deliver your puppy to Ottawa or Toronto. Tweed, ON K0K 2J0 (613) 478-1881; jswayze@sympatico. ca; www.everspringhavanese.com Kapatria Havaneses Reg’d. Is a small in home kennel dedicated to producing puppies according to breed standard. Health and personality are a priority. Pups for family pets or show. We will be introducing our Chocolate pups this year! Visit our website for show results and available puppies! (519) 2611160; kapatriahavanese@gmail.com; www. kapatriahavanese.com Matalsha Companions, Darlene Eckhardt. Exceptional quality home raised puppies. Health and temperament are our priorites. Our adorable affectionate companions are lovingly raised, CKC registered and have a health guarantee. Holstein, ON N0G 2A0. (519) 334-3923; matalsha@hotmail.com; www. matalshacompanions.com


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Rough Grooming Smooth

ICELAND SHEEPDOG Photo: Pineridge Icelandics Reg’d

SK Jomarans Reg’d, Beth Dalman & Cathy Enns. JOMARANS Havanese (since 1990) and Cotons (since 1996). Adorable show and pet quality puppies, and occassionally adults. Our well-socialized puppies are GUARANTEED, registered, micro-chipped, vet checked and vaccinated prior to careful placement in their new homes. Lifetime return policy. Email jomarans@sasktel.net for photos, references and application. (306) 716-1047; www.jomarans.com

History One of the oldest breeds of terrier, the Irish Terrier originated in County Cork, Ireland. Kept by peasants to keep rats at bay, the Irish Terrier doubled as a soft-mouthed retriever who helped bring food to the dinner table. For practical reasons, the Irish Terrier came in a wide variety of types and sizes, so when it was History Brought to Iceland with the Vikings in first introduced to the dog show world in 1875, it IBIZAN HOUND 880 CE, the Iceland Sheepdog is a hardy breed was clear a breed standard needed to be defined. greatly influenced by the harsh environment it This was accomplished by 1900, after much developed in. Prized for its ability to herd and discussion and effort, and the large red Irish guard sheep in the hostile terrain of Iceland, the Terrier became the accepted norm. The breed breed is known for its ability to scent lost sheep, spread to North America in the late 19th century even when buried in over a foot of snow. The Iceland Sheepdog gained some popularity in and remains a useful and versatile breed with a England during the Middle Ages, but because of distinct look and temperament. import and export restrictions, it has remained a Personality Nicknamed the “daredevil” of very pure breed. the canine world, the plucky Irish Terrier is a Though decimated over the centuries because courageous and charming dog with a heart of famine, a distemper epidemic, and disfavour, of gold. He is attached to his family, loyal and the breed avoided extinction thanks in part to affectionate, devoted and full of pizzazz. He is Mark Watson, an Englishman who lived in always “up” and can be a bit distracted at times. History Brought to Ibiza (a Balearic Island off California. From 1930 to 1970, he exported He needs lots of opportunities to get out and the coast of Spain) by Phoenician traders, the several of these dogs and worked to rebuild the play, and consistent training. Ibizan Hound has a remarkable resemblance to decimated breed. In 1969, the Icelandic Kennel the Egyptian god, Anubis, and the Egyptian Club was founded to watch over the breed and Appearance 18-19” (45-48 cm) 25-27 lb (11.5-12 kg) Pharaoh Hound. A hunter of rabbits and other promote its place in Iceland’s history. small game, the Ibizan helped supplement the Wiry, stiff dense outercoat. Softer undercoat. food supplies of islanders for over 5,000 years. Personality The Iceland Sheepdog is an alert May have slight beard. Bright red, golden red Thanks to their great speed and hunting ability, and active dog. He’s also vocal, with a unique or red wheaten. Ibizans brought to Europe became favourites herding style that involves barking to alert the among poachers, and the breed was eventually shepherd to his location. He is playful and Quick Facts banned in France. By the 20th century, the Ibizan friendly, and adores children. As a working Exercise Requirements Hound was considered a native Spanish breed. breed, he requires lots of exercise to keep him Grooming The Marquesa de Belgida of Barcelona kept a happy, and enjoys learning new things. ON large kennel of Ibizans on the island of Majorca Appearance 16-18” (40-46 cm) Windeire Reg’d, Pat MacDonald, Canadian, and promoted the breed throughout the world, 20-30 lb (9-13.5 kg) American champion bloodlines. Adult and where the dogs continue to be successful hunters, sound home-raised puppies occasionally. Bred Shorthaired: medium-length, straight or coursers, show dogs and companions. wavy, weatherproof outercoat with thick soft for health, temperament, show and obedience. Personality Though he may look aloof and undercoat. Neck ruff. Longhaired: longer- Excellent companion dog for a family with a aristocratic, the Ibizan Hound, or Beezer, is an length, straight or wavy, weatherproof outercoat fenced yard. Sold with contracts. Experienced affectionate and sensible companion. He is an with thick soft undercoat. Neck ruff. Tan breeder since 1991. Visitors welcome, exceptional jumper, known for clearing up to 6’ shades, chocolate, brown, grey, black. White appointment only. RR1, Ilderton, ON N0M 2A0. in height, and an amazing runner, reaching up markings. Tan and grey dogs have black mask. (519) 666-0195; imacd@uwo.ca to 40 miles an hour. Because he is traditionally a hunter, it is essential to actively socialize him Quick Facts IRISH WATER SPANIEL to other pets as he may see them as prey. The Exercise Requirements - See Spaniel (Irish Water) Ibizan is an active dog who is happiest if he has Grooming Shorthaired a secure area with 8’ high fences where he can Longhaired safely run and exercise. Appearance 22-29” (56-74 cm) 40-55 lb (18-25 kg)

IRISH SETTER - See Setter (Irish)

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Irish Terrier

IRISH TERRIER

PUREBRED

QC Domlina Havanese, Lynne Zubrzycki. (418) 822-3953; pon@domlina.com; www.havanese. domlina.com

Smooth: strong, hard shiny coat. Rough: wiry, hard dense coat. May have beard and/or moustache. White or red, either solid or in combination.

Photo: Windeire Reg’d

Talemaker Havanese, Darlah and Nathan Potechin. Members of Havanese Fanciers Club of Canada (www.havanesefanciers.com). Toronto, ON. darlah@potechin.com; nathan@ potechin.com; www.talemakerhavanese.com


Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Irish Wolfhound

IRISH WOLFHOUND

History Ireland’s history would not be complete without the giant sighthounds now known as the country’s national dog. Likely descended from the giant rough-coated Greyhounds of pre-Christian times, known as the Cu, the Irish Wolfhound could only be owned by nobility. Legends of Irish Wolfhounds abound, including Ailbhe, who defended the entire populace of the King of Leinster, and Gelert, who saved his master’s son from a wolf yet paid for it with his life. Originally used as dogs of war, guardians, and hunters of boar, stags and elk, Wolfhounds became specialists in hunting wolves in the 15th and 16th centuries. At that time, wolves were such a problem that it was illegal to export Irish Wolfhounds from the United Kingdom. By the late 1700s, the wolf was extinct and Irish Wolfhounds no longer needed. During the Great Irish Famine of 1845, there was no food to spare for dogs, and the Irish Wolfhound nearly disappeared. In 1859, Captain George Augustus Graham made the breed’s restoration his life’s work. Personality Truly a gentle giant, the Irish Wolfhound is an even-tempered, intelligent and affectionate dog. He loves his family, and despite his large size is completely trustworthy with children and friendly with other animals. Slow to mature, the Wolfhound remains a puppy until two years of age, growing rapidly throughout this period. Being a sighthound, a Wolfhound may give chase if he sees something interesting, and should always be kept in a fenced yard. While enjoying a good run, these dogs are happy to lounge around the house when they’re done.

PUREBRED

Appearance Females min. 28” (71 cm); min. 90 lb (41 kg) Males min. 32” (79 cm); min.120 lb (55 kg) Rough hard outercoat. Longer and more wiry around beard and eyes. Grey, brindle, red, black, white, wheaten, fawn, or any other colour acceptable in Deerhounds. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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ON Brairwood Reg’d, Anne Wright. International bloodlines carefully chosen for health, temperament and conformation. Home-raised, quality puppies for approved homes. Vet checked, microchipped, vaccinated and regularly dewormed. Weekly video updates. Visitors and questions always welcome. 6880 Side Road Three, Mount Forest, ON N0G 2L0. (519) 3239346; anne@briarwoodconsulting.com Curiann Reg’d. Breeding North America’s finest Irish Wolfhounds for type, temperament, movement and longevity. Canadian, US and European bloodlines. Quality puppies for show and companionship. Young adults available occasionally. Visitors welcome by appointment. Contact Judith Ryan. Member IWCC, IWCA, IWCI, IWAGS, IWAWC, RMIWA, IWBASO. PO Box 550, Rockwood, ON N0B 2K0. (519) 8562223; (519) 856-2047 Fax; jpmryan@aol.com; www.curiann.com Kalkinny Kennels, Louise Bouchat-Laird. It is our goal to produce the highest quality Irish Wolfhounds. All our dogs are C.E.R.F. & O.F.A tested for eyes, hips, elbows and heart disease. All puppies are liver shunt tested. We are situated just south of Ottawa, Ontario. (613) 821-1221; Fax (613) 821-4334; kalkinnyirishwolfhounds@ yahoo.ca; www.kalkinnykennels.com

ITALIAN GREYHOUND

Personality Curious and gentle, the Italian Greyhound is affectionate and bonds strongly to his family. Because of his small size and tiny structure, the Italian Greyhound is a delicate companion who does not suit homes with boisterous children and aggressive dogs. He actually loves to socialize with his own kind. Appearance 12.5-15” (32-38 cm) 8-10 lb (3.5-4.5 kg) Short, fine glossy coat. All shades of black, grey, fawn, cream, blue, red, chocolate, bronze, bluefawn, red-fawn and white. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Regal Hounds, This small, affectionate companion is hypoallergenic with a bright, kind spirit. Bred/Owned by Regal Hounds. Leduc County, AB (780) 986-6877 (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left) SK Decho Reg’d, Don Schaffer. Selectively breeding for quality, type, soundness and temperament. Champion line bred bloodlines. Lovingly home-raised show and companion puppies occasionally. Temperament and health guarantee. Regina, SK. (306) 522-2426; cell: (306) 537-1017; decho@myaccess.ca

JACK RUSSELL TERRIER

Blue Iggy. This small, affectionate companion is hypoallergenic with a bright, kind spirit. RegalHounds.com, Regal Hounds. Leduc, AB

History The Italian Greyhound’s origins do not begin in or even near Italy. The breed actually started out in Egypt, where a toysized hound was produced by breeding small Greyhounds to one another. Early Romans fell in love with the breed and brought the dogs back to Rome, where they quickly became attached to high-ranking officials. The Italian Greyhound earned its name as a companion dog in the 16th century, and it spread throughout Europe as the lapdog of royals such as Mary, Queen of Scots, Anne of Denmark, and Queen Victoria.

History Terriers were a popular fox hunting breed in England during the 1800s. The Parson John “Jack” Russell developed a particular strain of terrier that he determined was the ideal type of fox hunting dog. This dog was predominately white and possessed qualities of intelligence, stable temperament, and quick, determined instincts. Parson Jack bred a dog that could chase a fox and rush it from its den without being too aggressive and ruining the hunt. For many years, several Terriers were grouped together as Jack Russell Terriers, but in 1904 a group of Terrier fancies set the breed standard for recognizing the Jack Russell as a unique and distinct breed.

When the popularity of Italian Greyhounds peaked in Victorian times, breeders attempted to further reduce the size of the already tiny dog, but this led to a weakening of the gene pool and unhealthy dogs. The First and Second World Wars further reduced the breed’s numbers. Fortunately, a strong population of Italian Greyhounds remained in North America, where the true breed type, size and bloodlines were maintained.

Personality Feisty, fearless, and enthusiastic, the Jack Russell is up for any challenge. Training and maintaining even-paced activities is important for this high-energy dog. He makes a great companion for someone with an active lifestyle. Bred specifically to rely on hunting instincts, the Jack Russell loves to explore, play, and chase. Luckily, their small size means they are easy to bring along on outings and trips. Their quirky, attention-loving personalities


KEESHOND

JAPANESE CHIN

DOG

Photo: Viking Hunter Kennels

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Photo: Keesrich Perm Reg’d

breed quality not quantity. (905) 831-8885;

Predominately white with black and/or tan judawn@rogers.com markings; also all white. Three types of coat: smooth, rough, broken. Dense, double-coats. KARELIAN BEAR Almond-shaped eyes.

Keeshond

provide amusing and delightful entertainment. ON Training should be positive and highly-focused. Judawn Reg’d, Judy Van Dusen. Home raised CKC reg. puppies from Champion bloodlines. Appearance 10-12” (25-30 cm) Micro-chip, Vet. Check, Health guarantee. We 11-13 lb (5-6 kg)

Appearance 8-12” (20-30 cm) 7-9 lb (1.8-4.1 kg) Large, wide head; round, wide-set eyes; and a rather flat face. Small v-shaped ears, and a plumed tail that curls over the back. Thick but feathery coat that rarely mats, ranging from black and white to sable and white, or a tricoloured coat of the same colours. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

ON Viking Hunter Kennels, Richard Good. Our pedigreed line of PUREBRED, KBD’s, have been bred for over 40 years for their gentleness towards their immediate human family and the PRIMITIVE PREY-DRIVE instinct of a good hunter/protection dog. When they are at work, they will protect you with their VERY LIFE! AI Services also available. Guelph, ON N1E 2X1. (519) 831-3989; vikinghunter@blackbearcanada.ca; www.karelianbeardog.info

Admiraal Keeshonden Reg’d, Shannon de Bruin, BSc Ag BEd. Keeshond enthusiast for over 40 years. We are very proud of our internationally recognized, world class, Keeshonden. Our focus is healthy, happy, loving dogs that bring as much joy and pride to their home as they do to us. We are located in Alberta Canada and Texas, USA. (780) 298-7747; shannondebruin@hotmail.com; http://admiraalkees.tripod.com

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PUREBRED

History The Keeshond is an ancient, Spitztype breed originating in the Netherlands. The Kees or Spitz “honds”, as they were known, were common watchdogs that cared for the wagons, carts and barges used to transport goods. In 1781, Holland was divided into two History Named for his ability to hunt and political factions: the Orangists and the provide protection from bears, the Karelian Bear rebellious Dutch Patriots, who adopted the Dog is bold enough to go after large game such Keeshond as their emblem. When the rebels as elk, moose and wolves, and tough enough were defeated, people were afraid to be seen to withstand the harsh northern climates from with this trademark symbol of the rebellion, and whence he came. Thought to be descended many Keeshonds were discarded. History Once a popular addition to Chinese from northern Spitz breeds, the Karelian Bear Farmers and barge owners quietly retained and Japanese royal courts, the Japanese Chin is Dog thrived for generations in Karelia, a region these useful dogs, however, and continued to known for its enduring role as a lapdog, dating presently encompassed by Finland and Russia, breed them. When Baroness van Hardenbroek back as far as the 6th century. There is much where isolation kept its genes pure. The arrival took interest in the Keeshond in 1920, she was debate regarding the origin of its name, which of World War II almost destroyed the breed, stems from either its native land or its primary but fortunately, a group of Finn and Russian amazed to find the farmers and bargemen had behavioural traits – “Chin” has been said to supporters took steps to bring it back. The kept the breed type intact. Soon the Keeshond mean “from China”, “cat-like”, or “separate Finnish Kennel Club recognized the Karelian was recognized throughout Holland, and by being”, as the breed was thought to be of higher Bear Dog in 1946, and today it’s one of their the 1930s it made its way into Europe and North America. value than a typical dog. most popular breeds. Upon its arrival in America in the late 1800s, Personality Courageous and athletic, the Personality Sometimes called the “laughing the unusual exotic breed was first recognized Karelian Bear Dog’s connection with his Dutchman”, the Keeshond is an outgoing as a Japanese Spaniel due to its similarity to “person” is affectionate and unfailing, and for family-friendly dog. He thrives on affection and the American breed. In 1977, the name was this reason he is beloved by many hunters. The loves to be a part of family life. A vocal watchdog, officially changed to honour the breed’s heritage, dog’s affection does not extend to other pets. he is playful and learns quickly as long as there is and it has since been acknowledged as one of Intelligent, independent and possessing acute sufficient motivation to learn. Cuddly and full of the best companion dogs in North America. instincts, the Karelian Bear Dog needs exercise cheer, the Keeshond is excellent with children, and dedicated to his family. Personality Known for its energetic yet well- and space that an urban environment cannot mannered behaviour, the Japanese Chin is offer. He respects a fair, intuitive relationship Appearance 17-18” (43-46 cm) 55-66 lb (25-30 kg) an agile breed with cat-like tendencies. They with those confident with, his breed. enjoy jumping and climbing, but adapt well Appearance 19-23.5” (48-60 cm) Long, straight harsh outercoat. Thick downy to any indoor environment, including small 37.5-61.5 lb (17-28 kg) undercoat. Neck ruff. Mixture of black, grey apartments, and require little exercise. An and cream. intelligent breed, the Chin is very loyal, gentle Distinct white markings on thick, black outer and kind, and thrives around people, children coat. Soft insulating undercoat. Quick Facts included, as long as they’re not rough. Chins can Exercise Requirements Quick Facts grow quite attached so avoid separation anxiety Grooming by using positive training methods and ensuring Exercise Requirements Grooming they receive adequate love and attention. AB


Keeshond

BeauKees Keeshonden Reg’d, Chantalle Carroll. (780) 566-8520; beaukees@gmail.com; www.beaukees.com BC Keesrich Perm Reg’d, Gail Riches & Michelle Beaton. Dedicated to breeding to the standard. Emphasis on temperament, soundness and type. Puppies lovingly home raised from champion bloodlines. (604) 476-1110; griches@shaw.ca

ON Kelbrier Reg’d, Christine Vink. Health checks, OFA Hips & Patellas, CERF Eyes, Thyroid, Von Willebrands Disease Temperament tested pups placed in loving homes. 13003 River Line, Thamesville, Ontario. (519) 692-9117; kelbrier8@ hotmail.com

KLEINER MÜSTERLÄNDER - See Rare Breeds

KOMONDOR

KING CHARLES SPANIEL (ENGLISH TOY SPANIEL)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

KERRY BLUE TERRIER

History When Spanish ships went down off the Irish coast in 1588, the dark spaniel survivors likely made it to shore and bred with local terriers. These are the probable forebears of the Kerry Blue Terrier, although there may be other bloodlines, including the “Russian blue dog”, who surfaced after a shipwreck off Tralee Bay in the late 1770s. Some even suggest the Kerry Blue originated when locals crossed terriers with Irish Wolfhounds to produce a large strong hunter. Whatever his bloodlines, the hardy Kerry Blue Terrier became the perfect working dog of County Kerry people and was indispensible as a ratter, herder, hunter, fighter and guarder.

PUREBRED

The Kerry Blue Terrier’s popularity grew in the mid-1920s when he became the mascot of the Irish Patriots in their struggle for independence from Britain. He was initially a shaggy beast with an unkempt coat, but the dog show world popularized the modern sculpted and elegantly cut coat.

History This ancient breed of dog is a descendant of the Ovtcharkas, which made the trip with the Magyars over a thousand years ago. Commonly known as the Kom, this dog was an expert at guarding flocks, as his corded coat could withstand the harsh elements as well History The King Charles Spaniel has the as bites from predators. The Kom was bred to benefit of a steady, sociable spaniel-type think for itself, and little training was required to temperament in a compact size. Small dogs of teach him how to determine what and who was the King Charles type were recorded in the a threat to the flock. As a working dog, the Kom court life of 15th century Europe. Back then, toy is often matted and shaggy, and looks much like breeds were essentially hunting/setting dogs in the sheep he guards. After Koms came to the miniature. It wasn’t until the 1800s that a more U.S. in the 1930s, people took an interest in distinct look became desirable in a dog, and a grooming and showing the breed. The groomed small canine with a more rounded head, coat takes the form of long, white cords that give prominent eyes and shortened muzzle became the Kom a look that is very distinct from most the fashion. These charming little “comforters” other dogs. would curl up in a lap, or warm one’s hands and Personality Tough, serious and loyal, the feet. England’s King Charles II became so Komondor is an excellent guard dog, and looking enamoured with his spaniels that he was accused after his family makes him feel important. He of ignoring matters of state. The breed took on is affectionate with family members, including the king’s name, except in North America, children, and responds very well to positive where it is called the English Toy Spaniel. training and praise. As an unusually intelligent Confusion exists between the King Charles dog, the Komondor can quickly determine Spaniel and the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, whether someone’s intentions are good or bad, and some distinction here may be helpful. so positivity within his household is a must. Apart from having the same coat colours, the Strong, large, and muscular, the Komondor King Charles Spaniel/English Toy Spaniel is a makes a great companion for long walks and smaller dog, with a domed head, an undershot hikes, and enjoys many athletic activities. jaw, and fused pads.

Personality Joyful, enthusiastic and sociable, the King Charles Spaniel adores his people. He Personality A compact and sturdy dog, the is quiet and naturally well-behaved, apart from Kerry Blue Terrier is a rough-and-tumble some willfulness when it comes to house-training. playful fellow who loves to interact with his As much as he loves being around people, he people. His intelligent and confident nature may be shy with strangers. Extending respect and benefits from socialization and training. He is kindness will draw him out. great with children and an effective guardian, Appearance 10” (25.5 cm) watching over his charges and alerting the 8-14 lb (3.5-6.5 kg) family to potential dangers. Fine, silky, feathered coat. Colour names reflect Appearance 18-19” (46-48 cm) the breed’s regal history: black and tan (King 33-40 lb (15-18 kg) Charles), tri-colour (Prince Charles), red and white Wavy, soft dense coat. Any shade of blue-grey (Blenheim), solid red (ruby) or grey-blue. May have small white markings. Quick Facts May have black points. Exercise Requirements Quick Facts Grooming Exercise Requirements Grooming 126

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Appearance 23.5-31.5” (59.5-80 cm) 80-134.5 lb (36.5-61 kg) Long, coarse and curly outer coat that is groomed into cords, with a wooly, soft, and dense undercoat. Colour is white. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

legend

Very minimal Minimal

Average More than average Maximum


Kuvasz numbers in Europe were decimated during World War II. After the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, fresh interest arose in the national breed, and dedicated breeders worked to bring it back from near extinction. Personality Intensely loyal and dedicated to his family, the Kuvasz remains a guardian breed. He is wary of strangers, and will protect his family should he feel it’s threatened. Careful socialization is essential. Like most working dogs, he is happiest when he has a job. Appearance 26-30” (66-76 cm) 66-137 lb (30-62 kg)

LAKELAND TERRIER

History The Lagotto Romagnolo’s documented history dates back to 16th century Italy, where these water dogs were used for hunting waterfowl in the marshes and wetlands of the Romagna region, which is present day Emilia-Romagna in Italy. Their excellent sense of smell also earned the Lagottos the task of sniffing out truffles, a culinary delicacy in Italian cuisine. The Lagotto Romagnolo existed amongst mixed breeds for centuries, until a group of breeders and fanciers got together in the 1980s to establish the dogs as an official breed. The Italians still depend on the Lagotto to hunt truffles, but here in North History The Lakeland Terrier gets his name America, he’s known as a good family companion. from the lake districts of northern England, where the breed originated. These dark-coloured Personality The Lagotto is known for his terriers were categorized as a member of the Fell gentle manner, affectionate personality and Terriers, and the English used them to hunt will to please. He lives life as if everyone is foxes. Unlike the Fox Terriers, these dogs would his best friend, and makes a good companion go to ground and face down the foxes, which for children and other animals. Training is a required high stamina and perseverance. The pleasure since he loves to please and listens Lakeland Terrier was also a popular farm dog, well. His intelligence and keen nose make him a good retriever, too. The Lagotto is happiest in since he would keep the farm free of vermin and the great outdoors, where he can explore, dig, yet remain loyal to the flocks and other farm and play with the family and other dogs. He is animals. Today, this breed is used less as a also fond of swimming and excels at competitive hunting dog and more as family or show dog. sports. His high energy and stamina is balanced Personality Loyal, protective, and intelligent, by a mellow and easy-going nature. the Lakeland Terrier is a devoted family Photo: Alice Van Kempen

History For thousands of years, nomadic Magyar tribes brought guard dogs with them as they moved into the land now known as Hungary. Likely descended from the ancient Tibetan Mastiff, the Kuvasz is believed to have guarded herds of horses. In addition to guarding, these brave and loyal dogs ran alongside warriors as they went into battle, and took down dangerous prey such as wild boar. Settlers in Hungary favoured the Kuvasz for guarding sheep in the wetter mountainous regions. In North America, the breed gained popularity in the 1920s as a patrol dog and guardian of livestock out west.

Levante. Out of Roy dei Re D’Abruzzo, best head in Italy. Owned by Rebecca Parker, Middle Kingdom Lagotto.

ON Middle Kingdom Farm and Lagotto, Rebecca Parker. We are breeders of traditional, home raised Lagotto puppies from health certified and DNA tested Italian parents that are part of our family. Full health check, vaccines and microchip done on all puppies. This breed is non shedding and very intelligent and they love to be with people. Check out our website. middlekingdomfarm@gmail.com; https://sites. google.com/site/middlekingdomfarm/ (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left)

Lakeland Terrier

LAGOTTO ROMAGNOLO

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

KUVASZ

Medium-coarse, wavy or straight outercoat. Appearance 16-19” (41-48 cm) Fine wooly outercoat. Neck ruff. White or ivory. 24-35.5 lb (11-16 kg) Quick Facts Double coat is waterproof. Outercoat is dense, Exercise Requirements curly, and woolly. Variety of colours, including Grooming white and brown, white and orange, off-white, brown. Sometimes has a brown mask.

LABRADOR RETRIEVER -See Retriever (Labrador)

Truffieres. Ducketts’ Breed Standard Lagotto, continue to lead in the revival of this ancient, rare, non-shedding waterdog breed in Canada - Lagotto Romagnolo. Registered, Vet Health Certified, Champion JE clear, GD Hip lineage, Premium working lagotto for Service, Show, Breeding, or Pet. Lagotto make excellent Family Companions. Parksville, BC. (250) 586-5133; lagottocanda@shaw.ca; www.ducketttruffieres. com/; www.lagottoromagnoloofcanada.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

Appearance 13.5-14.5” (34.5-37 cm) 15-17.5 lb (7-8 kg) Hard, wiry outercoat that stands up to the elements. Soft, short undercoat. Variety of colours, including blue, black, wheaten, red, black and tan, blue and tan, and grizzle. Fur slightly longer around muzzle.

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ON Lofranco Kennels Perm. Reg’d, Frank & Darla Lofranco. Top Producing Kennel in breed history (40+ years) 100+ champions, Best in Show, Best in Specialty, Obedience titles, Top shows dogs trace heritage/pedigrees to Lofranco Kennels including today’s top show winners. Puppies, adults available. Frozen semen including Seneca (Top Producer) and others available. Written health guarantee. (519) 8332693; lofranco@aztec-net.com; www.aztec-net. com/~lofrancokuvasz

companion and a good watchdog. With his playful and inquisitive nature, he is both amusing and fun to train. The Lakeland Terrier thrives with positive, encouraging, and diverse training methods, so that he does not become bored. While his hunting instincts can occasionally make him a little territorial with Quick Facts food and toys, this is easily directed with puppy Exercise Requirements training. Friendly and affectionate with children, Grooming the Lakeland loves to socialize. He will happily BC get his exercise from long strolls and trips to the Lagotto Romagnolo of Canada at Duckett park with his family.


Photo: Concorde Ridge Leonbergers

LEONBERGER

History Following his dream to produce a large leonine dog to help promote his business and hometown of Leonberg, Heinrich Essig decided to cross a Landseer Newfoundland with a Saint Bernard. The resulting dog was then crossed back to a Great Pyrenees, and likely had a bit of German or Austrian scent hound and Greater Swiss Mountain Dog mixed in. The result: a giant that could be used as an all-purpose farm and family dog, with a natural love of water. Essig was a good businessman and succeeded in bringing the Leonberger into many royal homes, including those of the Prince of Wales (later Edward VII), King Uberto of Italy, Napoleon the III, and Empress Elizabeth of Austria.

PUREBRED

Like many giant dogs, the Leonberger suffered during the First and Second World Wars, when food shortages forced breeders and owners to abandon them. After the war, it took over 25 years of dedicated work to bring the breed back to a stable population. Personality Huge and cuddly, the Leonberger is the supreme canine teddy bear. He is eventempered and adores children, though his giant size can be intimidating. As a puppy he is playful and energetic, but he calms down as he matures. Because of his size, it is important to train and socialize him at a young age. The Leonberger is a family-oriented dog who wants to be with his people at all times. Appearance 25-32” (65-80 cm) 80-150 lb (36-68 kg) 128

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2017

and pre-loved beautiful leonbergers, raised in our home as part of our family. Breeding only from quality, championed, health tested parents with an emphasis on temperament, health, conformation and European bloodlines. Reservations recommended. Members of the LCO, LCC, LCA actively partcipating in the conformation, draft and obedience rings. Wellandport, ON, L0R 2J0; (905) 920 - 3987; longears@yahoo.ca; www.arnellfarms.com

Orovale Leos Reg’d, Karen Heard. Our goal at Orovale Leos is to produce beautiful dogs that are structurally strong and elegant, with great temperaments and good health (all dogs used in our breeding program are health tested and certified clear for hips, elbows, eyes, heart, thyroid and tested for LPN1 and LPN2). Our puppies are born and raised in our home, with special attention to the socialization needs of puppies during the first critical weeks of life. Because our puppies are very special to us, they go to approved homes only. Oakville, ON. (905) 825-2638; karen.heard@cogeco.ca; www.orovaleleos.com

LHASA APSO

History Descended from ancient Tibetan Spaniels and Terriers, the Lhasa Apso was a favorite of both monk and nobility. Kept indoors, the Lhasa would bark to alert people of potential intruders, while the Tibetan Mastiffs tied outdoors were responsible for active guard duty.

Appearance 10-11.5” (25-29 cm) 13-18 lb (6-8 kg) Long, straight, heavy hard outercoat. Undercoat. All colours or combinations acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON The Lhasa Apso Club of Ontario. Breeders and breed lovers of registered, well-reared Lhasa Apsos. The only Ontario based Lhasa Breeders organization affiliated with, and adhering to the Canadian Kennel Club standards for breeding and code of ethics. Referrals for available puppies and, occasionally, adults. (613) 3955324; don.quan@sympatico.ca

LÖWCHEN

Photo: Chenoka Reg’d

ON McKinlay, Scott & Pam, Kinlayke Reg’d. We have been breeding and showing quality Lakeland Terriers for 35+ years. Our family home raised, personality-plus puppies/adults make wonderful companions for those who love and appreciate the terrier spirit. We breed to combine top bloodlines for great health, conformation and temperament. Non-shedding. Puppies available occassionally. 12297 Talbot Trail (Morpeth), PO Box 1111, Ridgetown, ON N0P 2C0. (519) 6742331; kinlayke@ciaccess.com

Photo: Lhasa Apso Club of Ontario

Lakeland Terrier

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Long, slightly coarse, close-fitting water-resistant European friends, and from there it made its outercoat. Thick soft undercoat. Feathering. way to North America, where it has remained Mane. Lion yellow, golden to red-brown, sand popular ever since. and all combinations between. Black mask. Personality Distinguished and self-possessed, Quick Facts the Lhasa Apso is certain he is special and Exercise Requirements deserving of respect. He has an uncanny sense Grooming of friend and foe, and will vocally announce his concern if someone bothers him. Friendly with ON his family, the Lhasa can become territorial if Disguise Reg’d, Tanya McCarthy. Pre-spolied not socialized.

History The Löwchen is an ancient breed, most likely a member of the Bichon family, and possibly descended from Tibetan toy breeds. In the 1500s, the Löwchen was well established in France, Germany and Spain, where it was a court favourite, used by ladies as “hot water bottles” to keep them warm on cold nights. Numerous art pieces depicting tiny dogs clipped in the characteristic “lion” trim document the breed’s favour through to the 18th century. By the 20th century, the Löwchen had fallen out of favour and the breed nearly disappeared. In 1945, Madame M. Bennert of Brussels began to revive the breed. This work continued after her death thanks to Dr. Richert of Germany. But the Löwchen’s growth was still so slow that in 1959 it was listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the rarest breed in the world, with only 40 recorded dogs alive. Today, the Löwchen is recognized worldwide.

The lion represents the power of Buddha, and the Lhasa Apso’s leonine appearance caused people to believe they were harbingers of good luck. Visiting dignitaries were often gifted with male Lhasa Apsos; females were kept in Tibet to prevent the breed from spreading to other areas. Some of these gifted Lhasa were taken to Chinese courts where they were integrated into the bloodlines of Chinese dogs such as Personality Though small, the Löwchen is the Pekingese and Shih Tzu. In the 1920s, a commanding presence in the home. He is the Dalai Lama gave several Lhasa Apsos to playful and responsive, an intelligent dog who


Long, moderately soft wavy coat. All colours and combinations acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming BC Chenoka Reg’d, Nadine Baldwin. Beautiful home raised rare breed puppies are occasionally available to approved, loving homes. This small rare breed is well suited to all lifestyles and excels at performance sports. Bred for temperament and conformation. Suitable for people with allergies. Inquiries welcome. Kaleden, BC. (250) 497-5463; chenoka.lions@gmail.com; www.chenokalowchen.com

MALTESE

History The Maltese is believed to be the oldest European Toy breed. Whether the name comes from the Island of Malta, or the Sicilian town of Melita, the breed was widespread in the Mediterranean from ancient times, appearing on art objects as early as 3,000 years ago. The breed may have arrived in Britain with the Roman invaders, or with the returning Crusaders. Many famous Royals owned Maltese, including Queen Elizabeth I and Mary Queen of Scots. When Maltese were introduced to the dog show world in the mid-1800s, a debate arose over the correct classification of the breed. Was he a terrier, due to his lively personality, or did his body type and coat make him a spaniel? Eventually, breeders concluded the Maltese was in a class of his own. Personality Spirited, mischievous and undeniably adorable, the Maltese has a personality as big as he is small. He loves to play and thrives on attention. Happy to play with children, as long as they are not too rough, the Maltese delights in learning new tricks and finding ways to entertain and be entertained. The Maltese is an alert and fearless watchdog. Appearance 7.5-10” (19-25 cm) 6-9 lb (2.5-4 kg)

Abbylane Kennels, Jane K. Home raised puppies with love, playtime, and a little bit of training. Country Home or Toronto. (647) 3763420; www.abbylanekennels.com Donant-Mercer Robin, Pieridae Reg’d. Quality, home-raised puppies available occasionally. RR 1, Campbellcroft, ON L0A 1B0. (905) 797-3074; mercerpaps@sympatico.ca; www.angelfire.com/ ok2/rmercer1/ EverDear Perm Reg’d, Jessica Thompson. We are passionate and dedicated to producing what we call our, Marvellous Maltese, companions that are true to the breed standard. Puppies range in size from very small to regular toys. Each puppy receives the correct veterinarian care with checkups, needles and microchips, and of course they are all lavished with love! Puppies are sired by American Canadian Double Champion. Ask about transportation options. New Liskeard, ON P0J 1P0 (705) 647-6394; everdearpermregd@hotmail. com; www.everdearmaltese.wix.com/everdear

Mastiff

Fortunately, the dog show world worked to maintain its unique type and namesake colour. Toy and standard sizes are available. Personality Fast, fun, playful and loyal, the Manchester Terrier makes for a spirited companion. Still a ratter at heart, he loves to “kill” small toys, playing vigorously and enjoying games of chase. He is intelligent, and benefits from consistent training. Appearance Standard: 15-16” (38-41 cm) 12-22 lb (5.5-10 kg) Toy: 10-12” (25-30 cm) under 12 lb (5.5 kg) Short, smooth glossy coat. Distinct black and tan without dilution. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

MASTIFF

Fierheller Vicki, Four Halls Perm Reg’d. A small highly respected hobby show kennel with a tradition of quality not quantity. Puppies from our champions are available occasionally. Inquiries welcome. Ajax/Pickering area. (905) 619-2750; vfierheller@rogers.com JBLittle Reg’d Maltese excel in the show ring with multiple Canadian and International Champion titles. Our Maltese are located worldwide as luxury companions. Barbara & Jessamyn Mason. (807) 935-1997; www. jblittlemaltese.com BISS/MBOSS/BPIG AmBGCH/CanGCH Bendegeit’s William The Brave, CGN, TT. Breeder/Owner: Caleya King

MANCHESTER TERRIER (STANDARD & TOY)

History The ultimate ratter, the Manchester Terrier is descended from the common Black

History The father of many modern dog breeds, the Mastiff originated in ancient Babylonia, where he hunted ferocious prey such as lions. The breed likely came to Europe with Phoenician traders in the 6th century BC. By the time the Roman Empire spread to Britain, the Mastiff was well established as a fierce fighting dog who could hunt wolves, bear and anything else he was set upon. The Mastiff lost his popularity in modern times when dog fighting was forbidden and wolves were

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PUREBRED

Appearance 10-13” (25-33 cm) 8-15 lb (3-6 kg)

Long, flat silky coat. Pure white. Light tan or and Tan Terriers of England. He was bred lemon markings permissible. entirely for the blood sport of ratting, in which a terrier would be pitted against 100 rats and Quick Facts timed to see how quickly he could dispatch Exercise Requirements them. Breeders worked to improve the dog’s Grooming performance, first by adding the Bulldog for its AB tenacity and ability to work through pain, then Carboncopy Perm. Reg’d, Kathy Slifka. 20 adding the Whippet, for its speed and agility. Minutes South of Calgary. Over 30 years The resulting breed was lean, fast, tenacious and experience breeding toy dogs. All dogs raised an incredible ratter. Two major events greatly in our home. Box 764, Black Diamond, AB T0L affected the breed in the late 1800s: blood sports 0H0. (403) 938-0990; slifka@telusplanet.net; and ear cropping, which protected the dogs www.carboncopymaltese.com from rat bites, were banned (and many people did not like the dog with natural ears). ON

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

is happy to please his owner. He responds well to positive training and enjoys dog sports like agility. Good with children and other pets, the Löwchen easily fits in well with most families.


Mastiff

CKC and MCOA. Inquiries welcome. 2661 Stagecoach Road, Osgoode, ON, K0A 2W0. (613) 821 - 6279; kmastiff@knighterrantmastiffs. com; www.knighterrantmastiffs.com

vanquished in the U.K. During WWII, any remaining Mastiffs were either used in the war effort or put down, as MINIATURE it was deemed unpatriotic to feed their giant appetites when people were starving in the AMERICAN SHEPHERD streets. By 1945, only eight breeding animals - See Rare Breed Directory remained in Britain, where the breed maintained its purest form. Fortunately, a number of MINIATURE Mastiffs had been exported to North America, AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD and breeders imported fresh breeding stock to - See Rare Breed Directory rejuvenate the breed. Personality Despite his history as a fighting dog, the Mastiff is docile and level-headed. He is an exceptional watchdog and protector, and his intimidating size is often enough to scare intruders away. He is gentle with children, but can become overprotective of them. Mastiffs get along well with other dogs and family pets as long as they are socialized at an early age.

NEWFOUNDLAND

Appearance At least 27-30” (70-76 cm) 175-200 lb (79-91 kg) Moderately short, straight coarse outercoat. Short, dense close-lying undercoat. Fawn, apricot, brindle. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

PUREBRED

Canadian Mastiff Club & Rescue Service. As the only Canadian Kennel Club-recognized national breed club, our members are proud of our commitment to the breed through our stict code of ethics: promoting genetic testing on all breeding stock; rescue service; educational programs and seminars/clinics. To find out more, visit The Canadian Mastiff Club website, or contact East: Connie Hachey 705-932-2518; gallantmastiff@nexicom.net / West: Shannon Low (604) 858-3100 shannon@ resolutemastiffs.com www.mastiffcanada.org (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) AB Bendegeit Mastiffs, Caleya King. Our Mastiffs are Internationally ranked champions and cherished family members with finely tuned lap warming abilities. We are proud members of the CMC, CKC, and MCOA; and are honest, upfront and open with breeders and buyers alike. Our dogs are raised on a RAW diet, and puppies are available occasionally. bendegeitmastiffs@ hotmail.com; www.bendegeitmastiffs.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement on page 129 and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

Ch Tiptop’s Nose No Boundary, Ben. Co-bred and co-owned by Ellen Stomp and Shawn Haas.

History One of the very few dogs indigenous to North America, the Newfoundland’s exact genealogy is the subject of much debate. Some believe the ancient Tibetan Mastiff migrated to North America; others argue that Leif Anderson brought Viking “bear dogs” with him when he arrived in Newfoundland in 1001. Other possible progenitors of the breed are Portuguese Water Dogs and Great Pyrenees brought to Newfoundland on European fishing vessels in the 1600s. Whatever the answer, fishermen prized the huge water-loving dogs known as Greater St. John’s Dogs. Seemingly immune to icy waters, the Newfoundland’s duties included hauling in nets, dragging boat lines to shore, and rescuing overboard sailors.

Moderately long, coarse, oily water-resistant outer coat. Soft dense undercoat. Black or white with black markings (also called Landseer after Sir Edwin Henry Landseer, who featured the dogs in his paintings). Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Ashmoor Reg’d, Jill Francis. Quality Newfoundlands from Canadian/ American champion bloodlines. Our focus is raising healthy dogs, with sweet gentle temperaments in our home, and always with a holistic approach! Parents have passed all health clearances and are OFA certified for hips, elbows, patellas, heart, eyes, cystinuria and thyroid. All puppies are screened by a certified cardiologist before going to their homes. Visitors welcome by appointment. Member of the CKC, NDCC and NDCA. RR4, Cobourg, ON, K9A 4J7. (905) 377-1140; jill@ashmoornewfoundlands.ca; www.ashmoornewfoundlands.ca QC Élevage Noir & Blanc, Rollande Rainville. Chiots élevés en milieu familial. Parents certifiés OFA : hanches, coudes, cœur, cystinuerie, thyroïde, yeux, patellar. Garantie écrite santé et tempérament. Visiteurs bienvenue. Puppies raised in a family environment. Parents are OFA certified : hips, elbow, heart, cystinuria, eyes, patellar. Health and temperament come with a written warranty. Visitors are welcome. Ste-Eulalie, QC. (819) 225-4096; info@elevagenoiretblanc.com; www.elevagenoiretblanc.com SK Prairie Home Perm. Reg’d, Heidi Ball. Familyraised Newfoundlands. We breed for gentleness and health from quality champion lines. CKCregistered and well-socialized blacks. Parents are OFA certified (hips/elbows/heart/cystinuria/ patellas and thyroid). Puppies to pre-approved homes only, with ongoing support. This includes vet checked/vaccinations, wormed, microchipped and a well-prepared puppy package. Stud services available. Grooming facility available. Visitors always welcomed! Box 1329, Watrous, SK S0K 4T0. (306) 9444448; (306) 946-6630; jhnewfs@sasktel.net; www.prairiehomenewfs.com

The Newfoundland is famed for his bravery, but despite the breed’s success, it nearly died out because a law passed in 1780 forbade the ownership of more than one dog. The Newfoundland may not have survived if not for the efforts of the Honourable Harold MacPherson. Undercurrent Reg’d, S.J. Haas. We at Personality A giant goofball, the Undercurrent Newfoundlands embrace all of the Newfoundland is perhaps the most gentle of historical colours that Newfoundlands occur in. all giant breeds. He adores children, is even- This includes brown and grey as well as black tempered, supremely loyal, responsive and and landseer. Our breeding stock is health tested willing to be trained. His entire purpose is to and we provide a written health guarantee with serve his people, and he’s a truly honest and our puppies. So if you are looking for great ON Knighterrant Reg’d, Dave & Joanne Swift. hardworking dog that excels in sports such as temperament and conformation and a unique Huggable guardians from champion bloodlines. obedience, water trials, weight pulling, carting colour, we may have your next best friend. (306) 441-3979; undercurrentnewfs@yahoo.com (See Puppies occasionally to approved homes. and backpacking. Sound temperament, health guaranteed. Stud service to approved bitches. Members of the

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Appearance Averages 26-28” (66-71 cm) 100-152 lb (45-69 kg)

our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left)


Norwegian Buhund

NORRBOTTENSPETS

NORWEGIAN BUHUND

History Norrbottenspets share ancestry with the Finnish Spitz, originating in the Scandinavian northlands of Sweden, Finland and Lapland. The dogs found in Finland developed into the Finnish Spitz, but those in Sweden were called Norrbottensskollandehund. An excellent hunter, the breed had the unique ability to listen for a bird’s flight, and locate that bird when it landed in the snow. Used as all-round hunting and farm dogs, their breeding was purely functional and little effort was made to maintain these dogs as a pure breed.

History An ancient breed that accompanied northern people into Scandanavia, the Norwegian Buhund herded their flocks and safeguarded their homes; in fact, Bu means “homestead” in Norwegian. The dogs conformed to the sturdy Spitz shape, with the characteristic prick ears and curled tail. Although the Buhund was recognized as a distinct type even before the Viking era, the breed was not formally recognized in Norway until 1939.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

NORFOLK TERRIER

At the time, there were two intermingled varieties of Norwich Terrier – prickeared and fold-eared. Over time, breeders decided to separate the types. They kept the name Norwich Terrier for the prick-eared variety, and renamed the fold-eared dogs Norfolk Terriers. The new names were recognized in 1964.

As foreign specialist breeds grew in popularity, the Norrbottensskollandehund became less common. Out-crossing diluted the breed until it was declared extinct in 1948. However, interested breeders in Sweden and Finland made an effort to seek good specimens by combing remote northern villages. Eventually, a breeding population was cobbled together Personality Feisty and energetic, the and the Norrbottenspets was reinstated around Norfolk is one of the smallest terriers. Because 1970. Their popularity is growing as Sweden he was used to hunt in packs, he’s quite social and Finland work to support their native breed. and agreeable. He is a great traveler and Personality Never shy, nervous or aggressive, loves to spend lots of time with his family. the Norrbottenspets is a friendly and funSocialization is important but this should be loving companion who is great with children. natural for such a sociable guy. A hunter at heart, he is happiest when he has the opportunity to use his hunting skills, though Appearance 9-10” (23-26 cm) he can be taught to enjoy alternate sports such 11-12 lb (5-5.5 kg) as agility. The Norrbottenspets needs lots of Straight, wiry close-lying outercoat. Definite exercise, particularly in a safely fenced area undercoat. Mane. Slight whiskers. All shades of where he can run and hunt to his heart’s content. red, wheaten, black and tan, grizzle. Folded ears. Appearance 16-18” (42-46 cm) Quick Facts 26-33 lb (12-15 kg) Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Dralion Perm Reg’d, Peter & Linda Dowdle. Quality, healthy, lovingly home-raised puppies from champion bloodlines. Bred for soundness, health and temperament. Occasionally available to approved homes. 474237 County Road 11, Amaranth, ON L9W 0R4. (519) 938-8663; linda@dralionkennels.com; www. dralionkennels.com

Short, hard close-fitting outercoat. Dense undercoat. Ideally white with yellow or red/ brown markings, but all colours are permitted. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

The Norwegian Buhund’s numbers are declining in its native land; however, the breed’s family-friendly qualities are making it more recognizable around the world. Personality The Buhund is a sweet-natured canine who wants to please. Like most herding dogs, he is intelligent, and friendly with children and other dogs. He is alert, but not noisy. The Buhund adapts to country or city, as long as he gets sufficient mental and physical exercise. He has the exceptional habit – some would say virtue! – of cleaning himself like a cat. Appearance 16-18” (40.5-46 cm) 26-40 lb (12-18 kg) Short, harsh outer coat with soft undercoat. Wheaten or black, with white markings acceptable on the black. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

legend Very minimal

PUREBRED

History Like many terriers, the Norfolk Terrier likely started out as a cross between various breeds such as small Irish Terriers, Cairn Terriers and Border Terriers. They were “ordinary” farm dogs bred to go to ground and take care of vermin, so it took time for the breed to acquire its current name. Some incarnations include Cantabs, Thrumpington Terriers, and Jones Terriers (after Frank “Roughrider” Jones sold some to the U.S. sporting crowd). In 1904, when asked what the dogs were really called, Jones answered “Norwich Terriers”, since that was where they came from.

Minimal Average More than average

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NORWICH TERRIER

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

NORWEGIAN LUNDEHUND

Photo: Ruterfern Reg’d

Norwegian Elkhound

NORWEGIAN ELKHOUND

History The national dog of Norway, the Norwegian Elkhound is an ancient breed that hasn’t changed much over the last 5,000 years. A supreme hunter, the Elkhound works to track and quarry his game, holding it at bay until the human hunters arrive to dispatch it. In Norwegian, the breed is called the Elghund, or “Moose” hound. In fact the Elkhound was used to hunt moose and many other large animals including wolves, bear and even mountain lions. He was also an all-round working dog, pulling sleds and guarding homes and flocks. Though just one of many moose and bear dogs at the time, the Norwegian Elkhound came into his own in 1865 when foundation sire Gamle Bamse Gram was born. Considered ideal for the Gray Elkhound, his build and type became the breed standard in 1887. The Norwegian Elkhound came to North America in the early 20th century.

History Lunde is Norwegian for “puffin”. This translation lies at the heart of the Lundehund’s story. These quick, agile dogs originally scoured the Arctic island cliffs off Norway in search of puffins, a colourful bird that feeds in northern oceans and breeds in rock crevices. It took drive and flexibility to navigate those rock caves, and the Norwegian Lundehund was bred for the job. A “canine contortionist”, his head stretches back to reach his spine, his forelegs flex out to 90°, and he has several toes on each foot (polydactyl), some of which are double- and triple-jointed. The Lundehund’s dexterity helped provide their owners with valuable puffin meat and feathers. The breed’s numbers decreased mid-1800, when hunters began using nets to catch the birds. When the puffin came under national protection, the Lundehund’s numbers declined further. Only a group of devotees kept the courageous little dog from extinction. Currently, in Norway and beyond, the Norwegian Lundehund’s popularity is again on the rise.

History Gregarious and fun-loving, the Norwich Terrier’s ancestors originated in England, possibly in East Anglia (Cambridge University), where small terrier-type ratting dogs were very popular in the 19th century. First whip to the Norwich Staghounds Frank Jones bought and started breeding a number of these terriers, taking some time to find a true type. He distributed the dogs far and wide, even into America, where they originally became known as Jones Terriers. Until 1964, the Norwich Terrier and the Norfolk Terrier were grouped together as one breed. However, the Norwich Terrier is now recognized as a separate breed based on its prick ears, which are distinct from the Norfolk Terrier’s fold ears.

Personality Don’t let his size fool you – the Norwich Terrier is pure personality! This tiny dog is intelligent, affectionate, energetic and quick to learn tricks, especially if training is Personality Brave and even-tempered, short, fun, and rewarding. The Norwich is the Norwegian Elkhound is an all-round a devoted family companion and thrives on companion. He is a good watchdog who will Personality Lively, fun and friendly, the companionship. As with most working dogs, alert to strangers by barking and quickly discern Lundehund gets along with children and other he does best when given a job to do, whether the difference between friend and foe. With dogs. Bred for a demanding job, he retains all he’s participating in obedience, agility or simply his family, he is kind and affectionate. Like the traits that made him so successful: courage, chasing squirrels around the yard. His small most working dogs, the Norwegian Elkhound tenacity and agility. He can be stubborn; house- size may give the impression that he will tire is happiest when he has a job, be it tracking, training requires patience. The Norwegian easily, but these dogs can go many hours before pulling sleds, herding or doing agility. Good Lundehund needs a secure space to exercise; needing a break. Great fun to bring along during socialization with other dogs is important. however, as dynamic as he is, he is not hyperactive. outings and walks. Appearance 19-21” (49-52 cm) Appearance 12-15” (30.5-38 cm) Appearance 10” (25.5 cm) 44-55 lb (20-25 kg) 12 lb (5.5 kg) 13-16 lb (6-7 kg) Medium-length, coarse smooth-lying outercoat. Rough double coat. Extends from red to fawn to Soft, dense wooly undercoat. Various shades of grey. grey, often with black-tipped hairs. Quick Facts Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Exercise Requirements Grooming Grooming

PUREBRED

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Straight and wiry outercoat with a thick undercoat. Ruff that frames the face. Prick ears. Colouring includes shades of red, wheaten, grizzle, black and tan. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming BC Amblegreen Reg’d, Heather Tomlins. Quality Norwich Terriers from health-tested champion bloodlines. Puppies and young adults are available occasionally to approved homes by reservation. We CERF test annually and certify hips/patellas/hearts with the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals. References are available. Our Norwich are bred for spoiling! Cowichan, BC (778) 422-1500. heather@amblegreen.com; www.amblegreen.com


- See Retriever (Nova Scotia Duck Tolling)

OLD ENGLISH SHEEPDOG

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

PAPILLON

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

OTTERHOUND

History Despite his name, the Old English Sheepdog is in fact a relatively new breed. His exact progenitors are unknown, but he was likely a mix of various herding dogs found in England’s West Country. At the time, taxing excluded working dogs so farmers would dock their dogs’ tails, signifying that they were herders or drovers. The Sheepdog earned its common name, the Bobtail, from this practice. Since his thick hairy coat might interfere with his work, farmers would shear him with the sheep so he could see and work more easily. When dog shows came into fashion at the end of the 19th century, the “Shepherd’s Dog”, as he was then known, became a popular entry. Breeders would spend hours trimming and back-combing his huge coat to create the perfect image of the breed. Old English Sheepdogs made their way to North America in the 1880s, and by the turn of the century, five of the ten wealthiest families in the United States owned and bred them.

Papillon

ON Ladykin Old English Sheepdogs, Dinko Cvitanovic & Dr. Sandra Crowne. OUR PUPPIES KEEP THEIR TAILS! Ethical, responsible breeders of show & pet Sheepies, occasionally available only to approved FurEver homes. Babies loved to pieces, well socialized, training underway, Veterinary care up to date, come with health guarantee. Adults & Rescue OES sometimes available. Waterloo, ON. (519) 747-1464; FB Ladykinoes or Dinko Cvitanovic; info@ ladykinoes.com; www.LadyKinOES.com

Rough outer coat, woolly water-resistant undercoat. “Grizzle” or sandy colour with black and tan.

History The Papillon is a long-standing favourite of royalty, and is depicted in paintings dating back to the 13th century. Likely descended from toy spaniels, these cheerful little dogs earned their name from their unique ears. Pricked ears were named Papillon, after the butterfly, while folded ears were named Phalène, after the night moth. Drop ears prevailed until the late 1800s, when fashions History The Otterhound was bred to hunt changed and pricked ears were favoured. the otters that were depleting fish in England’s Though historically a lap dog, the Papillon is rivers. To appreciate the Otterhound’s aquatic also remarkably agile and trainable. In recent skills, consider that the European otter weighs times, the breed’s popularity has increased as 20 pounds (9 kg), lives mostly underwater and the dogs excel in obedience, agility, tracking, surfaces only occasionally for air. The otter’s and as hearing ear or therapy dogs. underwater scent trail is called “a drag”, and to Personality Bubbly and full of life, the Papillon follow it, Otterhounds needed to swim for hours. is a social dog who loves to get out and about. Such a keen nose and staying power support the Early socialization helps him stay confident belief that Bloodhound and Southern Harrier with new situations and strangers. With his genes found their way into Otterhound DNA. high energy levels and intelligence, the Papillon Some British royalty (including Elizabeth I) even is happiest when he has things to do, and is an bore the title Master of Otterhounds – quite a excellent choice for obedience or agility. He is a testament to the breed’s significance. But in time, quick learner, and loves to try new things. the otter population dropped so dramatically Appearance 8-11” (20-28 cm) that the species fell under protection, and Under 5.5-11 lb (2.5-4.5 kg) hunting was banned. The Otterhound was then Long, straight, fine flowing coat. Chest frill. out of a job. The owners of two solitary packs Feathering, particularly on ears. Parti-colour or committed themselves to keeping the breed alive, tricolour with patches of any colour on white. and established the Otterhound as a show dog. Quick Facts In North America, the Otterhound has hunted Exercise Requirements game, but today’s breed fanciers remain more Grooming enamoured with the Otterhound’s looks, voice AB and temperament.

Personality A natural herder, the Old English Sheepdog continues to practice his herding duties within the home, herding and protecting his family by gently bumping them together. He is even-tempered and kind, patient and loving with all who treat him with kindness. The Old English Sheepdog loves to be outdoors and Personality Friendly, even-tempered and with his heavy coat can tolerate winter weather exuberant, the Otterhound loves to play in water – especially if people are included in the fun. He very well. has a distinct baying voice, but is not a barker. Appearance 21-24” (53-61 cm) He is intelligent, but his attention span can be 60-100 lb (27-46 kg) short. Scent-driven, the Otterhound does best in Shaggy, harsh profuse outercoat. Waterproof pile a secure country setting. undercoat. Any shade of grey, grizzle, blue, blue Appearance 23-27” (58-69 cm) merle with or without white markings, or in reverse. 65-115 lb (29-52 kg)

Apsara Reg’d, Rob Ballantyne. Top quality, home-raised and socialized. Carefully bred producing excellent temperament, type and soundness. 11431 160 Ave, Edmonton, AB T5X 2K7. (780) 457-9601; rballan8@gmail.com; www.apsara-papillons.com

Papillon continued on next page.

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NOVA SCOTIA DUCK TOLLING RETRIEVER

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

ON Dralion Perm Reg’d, Peter & Linda Dowdle. Quality, healthy, lovingly home-raised puppies from champion bloodlines. Bred for soundness, health and temperament. Occasionally available to approved homes. 474237 County Road 11, Amaranth, ON L9W 0R4. (519) 938-8663; linda@ dralionkennels.com; www.dralionkennels.com


Papillon

BC Stromarlyn & Truluv Papillons Perm. Reg’d. All our paps are much loved house pets and are health checked for PRA., physical soundness and good temperaments. Quality home raised puppies occasionally available to approved homes. We are the home of the happy, healthy, social butterflies. (604) 820-7367; kheama@ telus.net; stromar@telus.net NS Kinduhaven Perm Reg’d, Belle Darris. Breeding and competing with CKC registered Kinduhaven Papillons since 1991. Dedicated to producing happy, healthy and well socialized home raised puppies who consistently win ribbons in the ring and hearts in the home. We rarely advertise as our reputation speaks for itself. Member of Papillon Canada. Lifetime member of CKC. (902) 678-1882; kinduhaven@xcountry.tv

the dens of prey, attacking and killing them. More aggressive than Parson Russell Terriers, these little dogs were often called Jack Russell Terriers, even though they didn’t meet the standards Russell first aimed to produce. In 1904, Arthur Heinemann attempted to purify the breed. He wrote up a breed standard based on Russell’s original taller terrier, and this became known the Parson Russell Terrier in 2003.

Personality Always the pampered dog of royalty, the Pekingese was born to be a comforting companion. Confident and charming, he bonds strongly with his person and can become protective and jealous. Careful socialization at a young age helps him gain the confidence so characteristic of the breed. Because of his short muzzle, he can’t handle a lot of exercise, though short walks are essential to keep him fit and healthy.

Personality Always up for a challenge, the Parson Russell Terrier is a vibrant and fearless fellow. He is lively and engaged in family activities, and loves to be the centre of attention. This smart and energetic dog loves the outdoors and does well with training such as obedience or Appearance 6-9” (15-23 cm) under 14 lb (6.5 kg) agility. Early socialization is important to help develop his manners and social skills. Long, straight, coarse stand-off outercoat. Thick soft undercoat. Mane. Some feathering. Appearance 10-15” (25-33 cm) All colours and markings. May have black mask. 13-17 lb (6-7.5 kg) Smooth and broken coats acceptable. Harsh, Quick Facts dense close outercoat. Short dense undercoat. Exercise Requirements Grooming May also be wiry.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements ON Bluechip Perm. Reg’d, Olga Gagne. Breeding for Grooming health, temperament, and correct Papillon breed characteristics. Bluechip Papillons have been top notch companions, performance exhibitors and conformation contenders. Puppies are vaccinated and health guaranteed, ready to be happy members of your household! St. David’s, ON, L0S 1P0. (905) 262-4682; bluechip149@ sympatico.ca; www.bluechippapillons.com

Victoria received one as a gift. As the conquest continued, soldiers found other Pekingese and brought them to England, forming the foundation of the breed we know today.

Canadian Association of Parson Russell Terrier Fanciers, Gail Caudle. 280 Old Tatamagouche Road, Onslow Mountain, NS B6L 6N6. (902) 893-8131; kcaudle@eastlink.ca; www. canadianassociationprtfanciers.yolasite.com

PEKINGESE

Donant-Mercer, Robin, Pieridae Reg’d. Quality, home-raised puppies available occasionally. RR 1, Campbellcroft, ON L0A 1B0. (905) 797-3074; mercerpaps@sympatico.ca; www.angelfire.com/ok2/rmercer1

Weitoi Reg’d, Danny DeTonnancour. Dedicated to the preservation, promotion, and protection of the Pekingese breed for over 25 years! Breeding for type, health, soundness, and temperament. Home of BISS Grand Champion Weitoi Daragon. Where Champions and loving companions are produced from very selective breedings. Quality, not Quantity! Morinville, AB T8R 0A4; (780) 903-9195; weitoi2@yahoo.ca (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left)

PETIT BASSET GRIFFON VENDÉEN

PUREBRED

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

PARSON RUSSELL TERRIER

BISS GCH Weitoi Daragon. Breeder/Owner/Handler Danny DeTonnancour “Weitoi”

History As the “Lion Dog”, a fierce protector against evil spirits, the Pekingese belonged exclusively to the Chinese Imperial Court. “Foo Dog” idols representing the breed existed as early as the Tang Dynasty of the 8th century. Highly popular with the nobility, thousands of these little dogs lived in Imperial palaces; 4,000 History Originally bred by Parson John “Jack” eunuchs were housed in Peking solely for the Russell in the late 1800s, the Parson Russell purpose of managing their breeding. No one Terrier was a hunting terrier designed to follow outside the nobility was permitted to own one, horses and hounds during fox hunts. His great on pain of death. stamina ensured he could keep up with the horses. He was able to spook a fox from his den In 1860, the British invaded Peking. Fearing by following him in and baying at and worrying capture of their precious dogs, the Imperial him without killing him. When the fox bolted, family ordered them to be destroyed. When one lady committed suicide, however, her five “sleeve the hunters could continue the chase. dogs” remained behind, fiercely defending their A lot of people could not afford to hunt with fallen owner. Soldiers caught the little dogs and horses, so many terriers were trained to dig into brought them back to England where Queen 134

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History The Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen is one of four types of scent hound founded around the 1st century in the French region of Vendéen. The types are separated by size: Grand Griffon, Briquette Griffon, Grand Basset Griffon, and Petit Basset Griffon. The Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen, named for its characteristic “small, low, rough” appearance, was bred to hunt in packs, trailing small game such as rabbit, hare and the occasional fox. Originally, both small and large Basset Griffons could be found in the same litter. In 1950, however, the Petit Basset Griffon received separate breed status, and by 1975 the interbreeding of the two sizes was forbidden. The PBGV came to North America in the 1970s and has since gained popularity worldwide.


Long rough outercoat. Thick undercoat. Beard and moustache. White with any combination of lemon, orange, tricolour, grizzle, black or sable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

PHARAOH HOUND

ON Osiris Pharaoh Hounds, Kathy & Brittany Carella. Breeders of quality Pharaoh Hounds in Canada. Striving for excellence in health, temperament and conformation. Home of the #1 Pharaoh Hounds in Canada & the USA. 2014 Breed winner at the prestigious Westminster Kennel Club. Home raised puppies occasionally to approved homes. Inquiries welcomed. Uxbridge, ON. (905) 862-2882; kcarella@live.ca; www.osiriskennels.com

Photo: Osiris Pharaoh Hounds

POINTER (GERMAN LONG-HAIRED)

History One of the most ancient of domesticated dogs, the Pharaoh Hound originated in Egypt. Phoenician traders brought the breed to Malta in exchange for goods, and there the breed continued unadulterated for more than 2,000 years. A sight and scent hound, the dog hunted fowl, hare and rabbit and was known in his native land as the Kelb tal-Fenek (Maltese Rabbit Dog). When the breed arrived in the UK in the 1920s, fans thought these exceptionally elegant dogs resembled the Egyptian dog-god, Anubis, so they were renamed Pharaoh Hounds. Arriving in North America in 1967, the first Pharaoh Hound litter on this side of the Atlantic was born in 1970. The breed’s distinctive colouring, and the fact that it remains odourless, is renewing interest. Personality The Pharaoh hound is goodhumoured and affectionate, especially with children. He is an intelligent dog who is easy to train. True to his ancestry, the active Pharaoh Hound loves the excitement of agility and lure coursing, but when he is not hunting, he is a calm and attuned member of the family. A safe, secured area will allow the Pharaoh Hound to exercise and indulge his playful side. Appearance 21-25” (53.5-63.5 cm) 45-55 lb (20.5-25 kg)

POINTER (GERMAN SHORT-HAIRED)

History A rare breed in North America, the German Long-haired Pointer has long been a favourite sporting dog in its native country. Originally a hunter of big game – some say as early as medieval times – it later moved to farm and field. When the heavier version of the dog was crossed with English Setters and French Spaniels, German clubs registered standards for this more agile Long-haired Pointer. This classification dates to 1879. The breed made its way to North America in the 1950s, but their numbers remained low as Germany applied limits on who could import these dogs. Today, many North American breeders also prefer to keep the breed in the hands of those who ensure the German Longhaired Pointer receives the outdoor activity to which he is accustomed. Personality Strong and possessing lots of stamina, the German Long-haired Pointer thrives in an environment where his mind and body are stimulated by new challenges. He loves to run and swim. As well as being a superb athlete, he is a good-natured, calm and steady dog. Appearance 23-27.5” (58-70 cm) 66 lb (29.9 kg)

Slightly wavy, weather-resistant coat. Solid liver colour, liver with white markings, or white with Short, glossy, rich tan colour coat with white liver markings. markings. Eyes, eye rims, nose and lip colour Quick Facts blend with coat colour. Nose and ears “blush” Exercise Requirements when excited. Grooming

History When game hunting was opened to the general populace in the 1800s, people wanted an all-round hunting dog that could take on any prey. Prince Albrecht zu SolmesBraunfels combined several successful breeds such as the German Bird Dog, Spanish Pointer and English Pointer. He selected for function and hunting ability rather than breed type and appearance – a deleterious practice. The result was an intelligent hunting dog who would willingly work in water, retrieve and track. Popular with hunters worldwide, the German Short-haired Pointer spread to North America in the early 1900s.

Pointer (German Short-Haired)

Appearance 13-15” (33-38 cm) Under 45 lb (20.5 kg)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Personality Enthusiastic and full of energy, the German Short-haired Pointer is an intelligent dog and a joy to train. He loves to work, whether by hunting, doing obedience, playing flyball or running agility courses. Always up for a run, he needs opportunities to get out and exercise his hunting instincts. He loves his family, and is good with children. Appearance 21-26” (53-66 cm) 45-70 lb (20-32 kg) Short, rough hard outercoat. Dense short undercoat. Solid liver or black, liver or black and white spotted and/or ticked, liver or black roan. May have tan markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Fogelhund Reg’d, Susan & Mike Riemer. Home of American and Canadian hunting-titled Shorthairs. All-purpose, proven, quality gun dogs that also perform in conformation and obedience. Four-titled, proven studs available. Puppies occasionally by reservation. 4452 11th Line, RR 4, Cookstown, ON L0L 1L0. (705) 458-1663; sriemer@fogelhund.com; www.fogelhund.com

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Personality Bred to be a pack hunter, the PBGV is a friendly dog who gets along with his pack, whether human or canine. He is especially good with children. Happy and enthusiastic about life, he loves to follow his nose. Time outdoors in a safely fenced area is important.


POLISH LOWLAND SHEEPDOG POMERANIAN

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Pointer (German Wire-Haired)

POINTER (GERMAN WIRE-HAIRED)

History While several types of gundogs existed in late 19th century Germany, hunters wanted an even more rugged breed. It’s believed they crossed the German Short-haired Pointer with either the Airedale, the Poodle, or the Griffon, and the result was a sort of all-terrain canine who could track all kinds of game. The German Wire-haired Pointer is more rugged than his short-haired cousin; he has a weather-resistant coat, and rates high in courage and stamina. The German Wire-haired Pointer came to North America in the 1920s, but was not registered until much later. In its native Germany, the “Drahthaar” breed club demands breeders meet conformation and performance tests, which accounts for some variation between the European and the North American types.

History Dating to the 16th century, the Polish Lowland Sheepdog, or Polish Owczarek Nizinny (PON), is descended from the Hungarian Puli. He is likely the link between the corded breeds and long-coated herding dogs of Eastern Europe such as the Scottish Bearded Collie. An excellent herder, the PON was also a guard and watchdog. Like many breeds, the PON nearly died off during the Second World War. These dogs were preserved thanks to Dr. Danuta Hryniewicz and her dog Smok, who sired ten litters in the 1950s. All modern Polish Lowland Sheepdogs descend from Smok, whose type became the breed standard in 1959. The PON only gained recognition in North America during the last decade.

History The smallest Spitz-type breed, the German Zwergspitz, or Pomeranian as we know him, wasn’t always tiny. In the 18th century, the Pomeranian weighed around 30 lb. When Queen Victoria took an interest in the breed, however, she preferred smaller specimens, so breeders soon produced dogs weighing closer to 12 lb. Other famous Pomeranian owners include Marie Antoinette and Amadeus Mozart. Modern breeders have reduced the average size of the breed to around 5 lb. The Pomeranian remains a highly popular toy breed, well loved for his foxy face and fluffy coat.

Personality A true feisty Spitz in temperament, the Pomeranian is an alert intelligent dog who believes he is as large as his ancestors were. A natural watchdog, he is suspicious of strangers and will let you know if he believes something Personality Loyal and devoted to his family, the is not quite right. The Pomeranian wants to be Personality Energetic and eager to please, PON is a herding dog at heart. He protects and involved in all aspects of life, though is not clingy. the German Wire-Haired Pointer makes a cares for his “flock”, and can be pushy if not well His intelligence and willingness to please make sound, affectionate companion in the country trained and socialized. His calm nature and easy him easy to train. Pomeranians love to learn or the city – as long as he gets plenty of work intelligence make him pleasant to be around. He tricks and do well in obedience, rally and agility. out-of-doors. He is more introverted than his likes to work and benefits from activities such as Appearance 7-12” (18-30 cm) cousin, the German Short-haired Pointer, so obedience, rally, flyball and agility. 3-7 lb (1.5-3 kg) ongoing socialization will keep him confident in Appearance 16-20” (40-51 cm) a gathering. Long, straight harsh outercoat. Soft, fluffy thick 35-50 lb (16-23 kg) undercoat. Neck ruff. All colours, patterns, variations. Appearance 22-26” (55.8-66 cm) Long, shaggy thick outercoat. Soft dense 45-75 lb (20.5-34 kg) Quick Facts undercoat. Long hair over eyes. All colours and Exercise Requirements Wiry coat of solid liver, liver roan, or liver and patches acceptable. Grooming white. Bushy eyebrows, beard and whiskers Quick Facts bestow character. ON Exercise Requirements Quick Facts Abbylane Kennels, Jane K. Home raised puppies Grooming Exercise Requirements with love, playtime, and a little bit of training. Grooming Country Home or Toronto. (647) 376-3420; www. abbylanekennels.com

PUREBRED

WHAT’S A PUREBRED DOG? In Canada, a purebred dog is defined as “a dog of proven lineage that is registered by an accepted registry.” If you’re buying a purebred dog, remember that, under the “Animal Pedigree Act”, the dog must be entitled to registration papers.

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WINTERHAVEN Perm Reg’d. Sandra Beisel 7240 2nd Line R.R. #3 Arthur, Ont. Distinctive, Quality, Champion Bloodlines, Pet/Show Pomeranians. Rich Correct Coats, variety of colors. Vet Checked Guaranteed Healthy, Excellent Temperament, 3 to 5 1/2 lbs. Shipping Available. Located 1 1/2 hours from Toronto. info@winterhaven.ca www.winterhaven.ca; (519) 848-2982. (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)


POODLE (STANDARD)

Chocolates are specialty. All Colours areour our specialty. All Available. Colours Baylee is a chocolate Bred by Maria Almeida, Available. Baylee male. is a chocolate male. Calvary Bred Kennels. by Maria Almeida, Calvary Kennels.

History To the surprise of some, poodles are actually working water dogs. The name comes from the German term “pudel”, which refers to his love of splashing and playing in water. In France, the breed is known as “Caniche”, a combination of the words “chien” for dog and “canard” for duck. A Poodle’s clip allowed him greater freedom of movement in the water, yet kept vulnerable regions warm and protected. A long tradition of artists have enjoyed creating ever more flamboyant clip designs. Today, Poodles are still a favourite of grooming competitions because their ever moldable coats support incredible coiffures, often with bright colours.

Seransil Standard Poodles Perm. Reg’d, Breeder of CKC registered standard poodles out of health screened championship stock specializing in silvers, whites/creams, & silver/ beige. Our poodles serve as companion dogs, show dogs, performance & service dogs. Our puppies are health guaranteed. Puppies and stud services available. (403) 381-6890; evelynsera2@ gmail.com; www.seransilpoodles.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) BC Reigate Perm. Reg’d, Suzanne Loblaw. (250) 3349334; sloblaw@shaw.ca; www.reigatepoodles.com

Gr.Ch.Syquefine’s Pabst Blue Ribbon. Bred/Owned by Christina Pierce, Syquefine Reg’d

History Though sometimes called the “French Poodle”, this breed does not come from France but instead has its roots in Germany. A water dog, the poodle hunts and retrieves fowl from swamps and lakes. The distinct poodle clip keeps the dog warm while working in cold waters, without slowing him down as he swims. Poodles have many claims to fame, not the least of There are four sizes of Poodle: Standard, which is their intelligence and highly trainable Medium, Miniature and Toy. The Miniature nature. The Standard Poodle is the largest. He is very popular, large enough to remain sturdy is highly versatile and has been used for many while fitting into most homes, yet small enough purposes, including as a guide dog, hearing ear dog, seizure detector, cancer detector, mobility to be picked up and be a lap dog. assistant and therapy dog. Poodles also succeed Personality One of the most intelligent at herding, hunting, pulling sleds, obedience, breeds, the Miniature Poodle is a lively fellow agility and pretty much anything else they are who enjoys having something to do. He can asked to do. be a bit shy and sensitive, and requires good Personality A proud intelligent dog, the socialization to bring out his confidence and Standard Poodle is an exceptionally versatile cheerful nature. Excellent trick dogs, Miniature companion. He is good with children and other Poodles are great fun to train, and this helps animals, with an affectionate nature and desire keep their minds occupied. to please. Happy outdoors or in, he enjoys both mental exercise while training and doing tricks, Appearance 10-15” (25-38 cm) and good old-fashioned runs outside. 15-20 lb (7-9 kg) Appearance Over 15” (38 cm) Curly coat has naturally harsh texture, dense 45-70 lb (20-32 kg) throughout. Corded coat hangs in tight, even Curly coat has naturally harsh texture, dense cords of varying lengths. Any solid colour. throughout. Corded coat hangs in tight, even Quick Facts cords of varying lengths. Any solid colour. Exercise Requirements Quick Facts Grooming Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Calvary Kennel Reg’d. Our puppies are home raised with children and other pets. We have miniature and toy sizes to choose from in various colours. From champion lines. Shipping and delivery available. – Dundalk ON. (519) 923-6767; calvarykennel@gmail.com; www. calvarykennelpoodles.webs.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement above)

Breeding happy, healthy additions to your family. Box 2 Site 21 RR2, Strathmore, AB T1P 1K5. (403) 934-5133; edencourtkennels@gmail.com; www.edencourtkennels.com

Poodle (Standard)

PEI LeeAnns Poodles. Home raised, health tested, socialized, and bred to CKC standard. Puppies are born in our den and raised in our home. Red/Apricot/Black/And the occasional White. 277 Line of Lot Road, RR 5, Souris, PEI C0A 2B0. (902) 687-1370; leeannspoodles@hotmail.com; www.leeannspoodles.zoomshare.com

AB Edencourt Kennels, Karina Cowie has been breeding purebred champion dogs for over four decades. Many of our dogs have been shown in Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) confirmation competitions, American Kennel Club (AKC) confirmation competitions, obedience trials and more. Honorary life member of the CKC.

MB Brovalla Kennel, Barbara Svenson. Beautiful, large, black, intelligent, health tested Standard Poodles. Canadian Champions. Puppies require deposit. Brovalla Kennel also operates the Manitoba Standard Poodle Rescue. 27 Ferry Road, Cartier, MB R4K 1B2. (204) 864-2044 ; brovallakennel@aol. com; www.brovallakennel.com ON CANTOPE Perm Reg’d, Peter & Diane Welsh. Invitation is open to tour the Cantope facility and meet the poodles of colour. Carefully selected, genetically tested parents produce health guaranteed puppies. Wonderfully socialized in our country home. Available for your next ring champion or champion of your heart. (705) 2281164; cantope@cantope.ca; www.cantope.ca Cuttingedge Reg’d, Birgit Johnston. Our Standard Poodle puppies are lovingly raised in our home. Once they are 5 weeks old they are given the freedom to explore parts of the house and the back yard. This helps foster their curiosity and confidence. Our puppies are well socialized with children, cats and other dogs helping our puppies to develop into easygoing, confident companions. We breed in accordance with the CKC breed standards. As a Standard Poodle breeder, we breed with the vision of improvement for each litter of puppies. Our focus is to maintain and improve the temperament, intelligence, health, correct structure and majesty of the breed. As a breeder we insure each puppy has plenty of individual attention and socializtion. We also provide lifetime support, assistance, and health guarantee for all our adoptive families. (289) 214-2354; cuttingedgepoodles@gmail.com; www.cuttingedgepoodles.com Giselle, Bursee, Highprofile Perm. Reg’d, Lovingly home-raised puppies from genetically screened top champion bloodlines. Health and temperament a priority. Excellent as a family pet, for show and performance sports. After sale support is always available. 11 Droxford Avenue, Scarborough, ON M1R 1K1. (416) 755-3780; highprofilepoodles@sympatico. ca; www.highprofilepoodles.com

Poodle (Standard) continued on next page.

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PUREBRED

POODLE (MINIATURE)


Poodle (Standard)

Isle of Standard Poodles. We specialize in Healthy, Socialized Standard Poodles in various coat patterns such as - Solids, Phantom, Tuxedo, Brindle, Sable & Parti’s! Professional Breeders are the safest way to purchase a puppy. We are striving to produce the best quality Standard Poodles available to you. Go to Puppy application and send us your information, when puppies are available. (519) 452-7021; 4poodles@bell.net; www.joellenstandardpoodles.com Kalchan Reg’d, Glenna Mae Breckenridge. Stud service available including cream, black and champion silver. Puppies home raised with love for family pets, show, obedience, agility, therapy and fun. Silver, black, blue, white and cream. Genetically tested, intelligent with sound temperament. (705) 357-3330; glennamae@ hotmail.com; http://www.pets4you.com/pages/ kalchan/ Magisterial Standard Poodles Reg’d. At Magisterial, we provide a life-enhancing experience for each of our clients. Our Standard Poodle puppies are highly socialized, joyful, and raised with children. They have gorgeous good looks, are health and temperament tested, and very eager to learn! Your new family member will have been raised in luxury and given nothing but the very best during their crucial first 8 weeks of life. Magisterial Standard Poodles are suitable for: therapy, obedience, agility, show, flyball, service dog training, grooming competitions, herding, or hunting. Their most important role is being loving, loyal companions to families worldwide, delivering immeasurable amounts of joy, love, and magic! Your puppy will also go home with our exclusive Magisterial 3 year health guarantee. Roblin, ON (613) 4531773; adam@magisterialkennels.com; www. magisterialkennels.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

PUREBRED

Mary Jane T. Weir, Tyldesley-Titian-Amar Kennels Reg’d. Poodles since 1948. Founding member Poodle Club of Canada; 50-year lifetime member CKC. Kennel partner Beverly Tufford, Amar Kennels. Home-raised black, blue, silver, cream, apricot, red. Breeding stock mainly outcrossed; lower risk of immune diseases validated by UC Davis genetic profile. Health tested, performance potential tested. Omemee, ON. (705) 799-0999; t.t.a.kennels@gmail.com Syquefine Reg’d, Christina Pierce. Est. 2004. Stunning Reds, Apricots, Blacks and Silvers. Health tested. Written Health Guarantee. Familyraised, well-socialized and well loved puppies for pet or show from champion lines. Emphasis on health, temperament, intelligence and trainability. Lifetime of breeder support. Visitors welcome. Napanee, ON. (613) 354-7048; cell: (613) 328-4511; syquefine@gmail.com; www. syquefinestandardpoodles.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement on page 137 and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

QC Glicks Standard Poodles Reg’d, Lisa Kimberly Glickman. Boutique breeder of exceptional black, brown or blue puppies from fully-tested versatile champion lines. Obedience, agility, therapy prospects. 5 yr. written health guarantee. PRIORITIES: Temperament, health, genetic diversity, happiness. Support throughout the lifetime of your pet. Natural tails and dewclaws, Micro-chipped. Visitors always welcomed in person or video-call. Montreal-area. (514) 6888634; glicks4poodles@gmail.com; www.glicks.ca

POODLE (TOY)

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2017

ON Calvary Kennel Reg’d, Our puppies are home raised with children and other pets. We have miniature and toy sizes to choose from in various colours. From champion lines. Shipping and delivery available. – Dundalk ON. (519) 923-6767; calvarykennel@gmail. com; www.calvarykennelpoodles.webs.com (See Breed Ambassador advertisement at left)

PORTUGUESE SHEEPDOG

Toy Apricot Poodle. 8 Weeks Old. All Colours Available. Bred/Owned by Maria Almeida, Calvary Kennels.

History The Toy Poodle is the smallest, and was created from the Standard Poodle by breeding for small size. Originally waterdogs, Poodles are now prized for their versatility. Many performing artists in circuses preferred poodles over other breeds. Highly intelligent, the dogs could be trained to do any trick, and worked well in combinations using all their different sizes and types. Circuses are turning away from the use of animals, but Poodles remain popular as entertainers. Toy Poodles are particularly popular due to their tiny size.

History The Portuguese Sheepdog was born to herd. Sheep, goats, cattle, horses, pigs...the breed’s driving instinct and long coat served it well in harsh climates. Of uncertain origin, it’s possible the Portuguese Sheepdog descended from a pair of Briards in the early 1900s. Then again, it resembles both the Pyrenees from France and the Catalan Sheepdog from Spain. By the end of the 20th century, the Portuguese Sheepdog had faded in popularity, and only its devotion to his family and his purpose kept the Personality A lapdog in size, the Toy Poodle is breed from disappearing altogether. an intelligent dog who loves to perform tricks for his people. He needs to be mentally stimulated Personality A quick and lively outdoor to keep him happy, and good training and worker, the Portuguese Sheepdog is a good socialization help moderate his sensitive nature. companion for a knowledgeable owner who Like many toy breeds, he is cautious around can appreciate and channel his strong driving young children, who tend to be loud and instinct. He is faithful to his family, and can be boisterous. The Toy Poodle loves to be with his protective of them. people. Appearance 16.5-22” (42-55 cm) Appearance Under 10” (25 cm) 26-40 lb (12-18 kg) 4-8 lb (2-3.5 kg) A tousled coat of yellow, fawn, chestnut and grey Curly coat has naturally harsh texture, dense – from light to dark. Scant white on chest. throughout. Corded coat hangs in tight, even Quick Facts cords of varying lengths. Any solid colour. Exercise Requirements Quick Facts Grooming Exercise Requirements Grooming

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Pomroth Reg’d, Helen M. Hamilton. Home raised, solid coloured toy poodles in black, brown, or silver. Trained young adults sometimes available. See pictures of our dogs on website. Kelowna, BC pomroth@bell.net; www.pomrothtoypoodles.com (519) 939-8250

Details P. 35


Pug

rally, water, tracking, therapy and especially agility. Our amazing Mission is CH AGMCH Baywood Sask River Mission, CGN, CDX, RE, AGMX, AGMXJ, IP, AWD, ATCHC, MGDCm ExJ Bronze, MGDC. In 2015 Mission was the #1 PWD, #1 Working Dog and #3 overall in CKC agility. He was also #1 PWD in obedience and #4 in Rally Obedience. Mission also excels at lounging in his own chair! Best of all we have great family dogs. baywooddogs@gmail. com; www.baywooddogs.com

PUG

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

PORTUGUESE WATER DOG

ON Acostar Reg’d, Lesley Millar. (613) 469-0303; lesley@acostarpwds.com; www.acostarpwds.com CAN GCH, AM CH BELOURO’S EXPLORER RAFAEL. Photo: Oslach Photography. Owned Dr Patricia Lechten, Bred/Co-Owned Gillian Goldschmidt, Belouro Reg est.1995 Oro Medonte, ON www.belouropwd.com

History An old breed, the Portuguese Water Dog, or Cão de Agua, helped drive fish into fishermen’s nets. He was an essential member of the Portuguese crew. He served the vessels by retrieving things from the water, sometimes even diving for them, and delivering messages from the ship. By the early 1900s, technology made the Portuguese Water Dog’s role redundant, and the breed fell by the wayside. In the 1930s, a wealthy Portuguese shipping magnate took an interest in the breed and began efforts to save it from extinction. A mere 35 dogs were brought to North America in the 1960s, where dedicated breeders continued the effort to revive the Portuguese Water Dog.

Belouro Reg’d, Gillian & Frank Goldschmidt. Breeding from generations of fully health-tested, multi-titled championed parents. Committed to producing sound healthy puppies, lovingly home raised and correctly socialized. Available to approved homes. Full health guarantee. Home of Best in Show(s), Top Show Dog Award winners in Canada and U.S., titled in water, agility and therapy. Recognized for the health, temperament, structure and trainability of our offspring. 10 Forestwood Lane, Oro Medonte, ON L0L 1T0. (705) 329-1299; belouro@rogers. com; www.belouropwd.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) Claircreek Perm Reg’d, Donna Gottdenker. Breeder/Owner of PWD - Claircreek Impression de Matisse - #1 All Breed dog in USA for 2013, 2014. One litter per year, only breed PWDs, top quality pets and show, home raised, health guarantee, always available for training, grooming help. Appointments welcome. Arthur, ON N0G 1A0. (519) 241-5353; Claircreekpwds@ gmail.com

History Originating in China alongside the Pekingese, the Pug was always a companion dog, and was reserved for the Imperial family and their friends. As the Dutch East India Company made its way across the world, they were able to obtain some Pugs and bring them back to Holland. There the Prince of Orange claimed them as the official breed of the House of Orange after a Pug saved his life from Spaniards in 1572. Later, when the Prince’s grandson William III took the English throne, he brought several Pugs with him. Later Royals to keep Pugs included Queen Victoria, the Duke and Duchess of Windsor, and Napoleon’s wife, Josephine. Pugs came to North America in the mid 1800s and it’s now one of the most popular and recognized breeds in the world.

Personality The Pug is a small dog full of character. He is even-tempered, clever and curious, and attracts attention with his unique appearance and pleasant personality. Friendly and good with people of all ages, he is affectionate Personality A fearless, lively and dedicated and enjoys a good cuddle. He can’t work too service dog, the Portuguese Water Dog loves hard due to a shortened nose that can give him his family and will do anything to keep them Kyessiline Reg’d. Portuguese Water Dog, breathing problems. However, it is still important happy. Although easily trained, he likes to Puppies are raised in the house. The parents to get him out and about to prevent obesity. think for himself and can get distracted if he have all their health clearances. Fully Registered Appearance 10-14” (25-36 cm) doesn’t know what is expected of him. The with the CKC. Puppies are seen by a vet, 14-18 lb (6.5-8 kg) Portuguese Water Dog loves to work, and vaccinated, dewormed and microchipped. We needs to have a job. He excels at obedience, give a two year full refund or replacement Short, smooth fine coat. Fawn, black, silver, agility, water sports and any other sport his guarantee. Anna Kyessi, (613) 674-5580; anna@ apricot. Black mask. owner might want to try. kyessilinekennels.ca; www.kyessilinekennels.ca Quick Facts Appearance 16-23” (42-59 cm) Ondulado Perm. Reg’d, Cathie & Steve Exercise Requirements 35-60 lb (16-27 kg) Sockett. Since 1990. Breeding for temperament, Grooming Curly coat: compact, cylindrical curls, little type and trainability. All breeding stock health shine. Wavy coat: falls gently in waves, slight tested. Well-socialized, home-raised puppies ON occassionally. Stud service available. Health PugPaws Reg’d, Marigo Schwerdtfeger. sheen. Black, white, brown or combinations of guarantee. Severn, ON. (705) 329-1482; cathie@ Breeding for temperament and health. Quality black or brown with white. ondulado.ca; www.ondulado.ca

AB Baywood Reg’d, Brenda Brown. At Baywood we pride ourselves on breeding quality Portuguese Water Dogs in the Edmonton area, Alberta, Canada. Our dogs are not just show champions but working/performance dogs with great genetics behind them. Because of this we also have absolutely wonderful puppy owners. We encourage our owners to get involved with activities that are fun for their family and dog. Baywood dogs excel at many events, obedience,

Rice Lake Portuguese Water Dogs, Cathy Gonzalez. Our dogs are bred to CKC standard as well as for their great temperaments and intelligence but most importantly for health. All our dogs live with us in our home and all puppies are born & raised in the house. Every Porti puppy is fully guaranteed. All our breeding dogs have been tested for GMI, IC, JDCM, PRA & Hips. All puppies leave with full 2 year guarantee & lifetime breeder support. We are located in the Northumberland Hills approximately 1.5hr drive east from Toronto. Please visit our website to learn more about us and our dogs. (705) 924-2509; c_reg_4@hotmail.com; www. portuguesewaterdogsatricelake.com

home-raised puppies, fully guaranteed. Limited litters. Shipping across Canada. Haley Station, ON. marigo@bell.net; www.pugpaws.com

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PUREBRED

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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History The Puli immigrated to Hungary in the early 9th century with the Magyars and their flocks of sheep. The early dogs varied widely in type and are the progenitors of the Puli, Komodor, Kuvasz and Tibetan Terrier. Pulis are the ultimate sheepherding dog. Darker-coated dogs guarded flocks during the day, while lightercoated dogs guarded at night. The dogs were so valuable that a shepherd might save a year’s wages just to purchase one. Their unique technique of jumping on the backs of sheep made them an unusual and effective flock manager.

NS Immerzu Perm Reg’d, Terry & Stephanie Horan. We are proud to be Canada’s winningest Puli breeders. Puppies are occasionally available for showing, performance events and as lively, loving companions. Older dogs are sometimes available. All breeding stock health checked. Delighted to offer advice and information from over 45 years’ experience with the breed. 14924 HWY 6, RR 2, Malagash, NS B0K 1E0. (902) 257-1143; stephanie@immerzupuli.com; www.immerzupuli.com

RETRIEVER (CHESAPEAKE BAY)

Interbreeding and wars decimated the purebred Puli until 1912, when Emil Raitsits recognized the dog’s value. In 1915, he wrote up a breed standard and worked to reconstruct the Puli, specifically by preserving its size, colour and coat. While there were originally four sizes of History Maryland’s Chesapeake Bay thrived Puli, the middle-sized dog was most versatile on huge flocks of waterfowl native to the region. Taking hundreds of birds at a time, they needed and became the true breed type. dogs that could work for hours in the frigid waters, Personality Like many guardian breeds, the retrieving birds and bringing them to shore. In Puli is an excellent watchdog and guardian. He is 1807, a ship carrying two Newfoundland-type cautious with strangers, and takes time to develop dogs sank near the Maryland shore. The two trust. But he is affectionate and devoted to those dogs, named Canton and Sailor, were bred to he calls his own. A working dog, the Puli likes to local dogs including other types of retriever, be kept occupied, and responds well to training. water spaniels and otter hounds. The resulting Early socialization with a variety of people and dogs were long-footed with short water-resistant places will be a plus. coats, and could tolerate cold water without becoming chilled. Appearance 14-18” (37-46 cm) 22-33 lb (10-15 kg) The Chesapeake Bay Retriever remains a prized Weather-resistant coat with long, wavy or curly water bird hunter, and they are also excellent coarse outercoat. Fine, soft dense undercoat. search and rescue dogs, trackers, guide dogs and Mature coat naturally forms cords. Solid black, sled dogs. Current breeders focus on keeping the rusty black, all shades of grey, white, apricot. working traits that make the Chesapeake Bay Retriever so valuable, and promote their dogs Quick Facts both in the show ring and the field. Exercise Requirements

PUREBRED

Grooming Puli Canada, Ann Tober. (780) 721-5192; puliville@hotmail.com; www.pulicanada.com AB Windkist Kennels Reg’d, Ann Tober. Windkist Kennels has been registered with the Canadian Kennel Club since 1998. My dogs have competed in obedience, conformation and agility. I believe in breeding healthy, well rounded dogs that are suitable as pets as well as competition dogs. All

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Wooly, dense fine undercoat. Any shade of brown, sedge (red-gold) or deadgrass (straw to bracken). White markings acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Conroy Reg’d Kennel, Rita Jones. Working bloodlines bred for temperament, retrieving ability, structure and good work ethics. Breeding stock have certified health clearances. Puppies come with a written guarantee, they are well socialized and raised in our home. Stud service available to approved bitches. Woodville, ON (705) 439-2747; deadgrass@sympatico.ca McKinlay, Scott & Pam, Mossbank, Reg’d. Breeders of quality Chesapeake Bay Retrievers for 40+ years, with many repeat buyers. We breed to combine top bloodlines for temperament, conformation, health and retrieving ability, with great temperaments being especially important to us. Breeding stock certified clear for eyes, hips, elbows. Written health guarantee. Puppies available occasionally. 12297 Talbot Trail (Morpeth), PO Box 1111, Ridgetown, ON N0P 2C0. (519) 674-2331; kinlayke@ciaccess.com

RETRIEVER (CURLY-COATED)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

BIS Ch. Kirasdream Anji of Immerzu. Bred by Terry & Stephanie Horan and Bob & Pat Carpenter; Owned by Ann Tober

of my dogs are tested for genetic health problems before being used for breeding. I also handle the showing of the Windkist Pulis! 11520-83 Street, Edmonton, AB T5B 2Y5. (780) 721-5192; puliville@ hotmail.com; www.windkistkennels.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Puli

PULI

History A favourite of English gamekeepers, the Curly Coated Retriever is one of the oldest Retriever breeds. Known fondly as “the Curly” for his thick mass of tight curls, his ancestry is a bit unsure, though experts believe his background includes the St. John’s Newfoundland, the Old English Water Spaniel and the Poodle. The Curly gained popularity when hunters needed a working companion to find and retrieve the birds in the field, regardless of the conditions. He’s still recognized as an excellent gun and hunting dog, and is Personality The Chesapeake Bay Retriever is exceedingly popular in Australia and New a tough, tenacious and strong-minded dog. He Zealand. is a working dog that needs a job to keep happy. Personality Gentle and even-tempered, the When not working, he is an affectionate and Curly is also loyal and protective of his family. family-friendly companion that is easy to care While he can be a bit reserved with strangers, for. While content indoors, he loves to be outside his playful side peeks out with people he knows and of course adores swimming. and loves. Known for his good manners, the Appearance 21-26” (53-66 cm) Curly is also hard-working and intelligent, and 55-80 lb (25-37 kg) makes a wonderful companion for outdoorminded families, particularly those who like to Short, hard, oily water-resistant outercoat.


Distinguished from other Retrievers by its uniquely textured, curly coat. Coat is water resistant and requires only occasional bathing and towelling after getting wet. Coat colour can be black or liver.

RETRIEVER (GOLDEN)

Photo: Gray Valley Goldens

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

RETRIEVER (FLAT-COATED)

History In the mid to late 1800s, S.E. Shirley produced a close-working gun dog he called the Flat-Coated Retriever. Crossed from a variety of breeds such as Newfoundland, Labrador, Setter, Water Spaniel and Collie, the Flat-Coated Retriever became a popular show and working breed at the turn of the century. Later interest in Labrador Retrievers and Golden Retrievers saw a decline in the breed, and many remaining dogs did not survive the two World Wars. Stanley O’Neill revived the breed in the 1960s. Today, the Flat-Coated Retriever remains uncommon, though he is recognized as an effective sporting dog. Efforts to maintain both type and working traits allowed the breed to remain consistent through working and showing lines. Personality Sometimes referred to as the Peter Pan of the dog world, the Flat-Coated Retriever has a puppy-like personality he maintains throughout his life. He is a keen and intelligent hunter who loves children and bonds closely to his family, preferring to be around them as much as possible. The Flat-Coated Retriever is quick to learn and does very well in sports such as agility, flyball or obedience. Appearance 22-25” (56-62 cm) 60-80 lb (27-37 kg) Moderate length coat, straight or slightly wavy, flat-lying, weather resistant. Feathering. Black or liver colour. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History In the mid 1800s, the English preferred black Retrievers, but Sir Dudley Majoribanks decided to develop a goldencoloured Wavy-Coated Retriever. He purchased a yellow Flat-Coated Retriever and bred it to the Tweed Water Spaniel, a nowextinct, curly-coated light-coloured breed. The resulting dogs were then crossed to other lightcoloured breeds such as Yellow Labradors, Red Setters and other Wavy-Coated Retrievers. In time, the “Golden Flat Coat” type was established, and in 1920 renamed the Golden Retriever. Golden Retrievers came to North America in the 1920s and immediately gained a following. Golden Retrievers are one of the world’s most popular breeds, and frequently used as service dogs because of their kind and intelligent personalities. Personality Known worldwide for his easygoing nature, the Golden Retriever is said to be born wanting to please. He is an intelligent dog and one of the easiest to train. Energetic, but not excitable, the Golden enjoys a good run and some games. He is wonderful with children of all ages, and pets of all sizes. Appearance 20-24” (51-61 cm) 55-75 lb (25-34 kg) Straight or wavy, firm, dense water-resistant outercoat. Good undercoat. Neck ruff. Various shades of gold and cream. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Blackpool Perm. Reg’d, Darryl Tuominen. We breed for temperament, health and longevity. We clear parents for hips, elbows, eyes, heart, DNA test all our dogs for PRA 1 and 2, plus PRDC PRA and the skin disorder Ichthyosis. Our home raised puppies come with a three year guarantee and 6 weeks of pet insurance plus a comprehensive puppy training kit. Our

information. www.blackpoolkennels.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) Bonnieview Kennel Reg’d, Lorraine Bain. Blonde, bright and beautiful. Bred and socialized for great family temperament and longevity. Also breeder of Havanese, Goldendoodles and Aussiedoodles. See website for available puppies. Mount Forest, ON. (519) 3236071; dlbain@bonnieviewkennels.ca; www. bonnieviewkennels.ca Golden Asset Reg’d, Mary Greenwood. Yes, Experience does make a difference! Celebrating our 21st year this year. We have been caring for and breeding quality English Golden Retrievers since 1996. We are located just west of Alliston, ON. All of our dogs conform to CKC breed standard, and have had their clearances on their hips, elbows, heart and eyes are done yearly. Our pups are breed for temperament, conformation but mostly health. Each pup comes with CKC registration, Guaranteed, Shots, Vet Checked, and lots more. Show and pet puppies available occasionally. Let us help you find your next furry friend. Everett ON, (705) 440-7644; mjg@goldenassetkennels.ca; www.goldenassetkennels.ca Goldenbreez Reg’d, Patricia Parkinson. Home-raised, healthy, happy, well socialized, quality pups with exceptionally sweet, quiet temperaments. Selected for temperament, soundness and intelligence. Pups sold with health and temperament written guarantees. Parents cleared, many generations of certifications. Several offspring with agility, obedience and conformation titles. Breeding for 25 years. After purchase support. Naturally reared, some raw. Dealers for Healthy Paws. Palmerston, ON (519) 343-3013 Home; (519) 343-4482 Fax; pat@goldenbreezkennels.com; www.goldenbreezkennels.com Gray Valley Goldens. World class purebred and registered Golden Retrievers. Toronto area. (647) 379-4115; info@grayvalleygoldens. com; www.grayvalleygoldens.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) Makani Meadows Reg’d Betsey Ryan. Breeding Goldens with a purpose for show and obedience but above all loving family companions. Thirty-five minutes north of Pearson Airport. Orangeville area. (519) 941-3170; makanimeadows@bell.net (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) Regalgoldens Reg’d. British Style Goldens Championship lines imported from overseas. Litters are carefully planned to produce quality puppies - health, temperament, structure & longevity. CKC Reg’d, (647) 519-2888; info@ regalgoldens.com; www.regalgoldens.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

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North American bloodlines for top quality show/ performance puppies. Health guaranteed. (418) 875-0255; nicole@Flat-coat.net; www.Flat-coat.net

Appearance 23-27” (58-69 cm) 65-80 lb (29.5-36.5 kg)

Retriever (Golden)

swim! Training sessions for these quick-minded QC champion Goldens are found throughout dogs tend to work better if they’re kept short Fieldday Reg’d, Nicole Germain. Breeding Canada and the USA. We offer champion stud and interesting. since 1995 from well-established English and service to select girls. Visit our site for more


Wimberway Reg’d. Ivan Paul. Puppies occasionally. Adults have hip, elbow and eye clearances. sandy@wimberway.com; www. wimberway.com/golden.html

RETRIEVER (LABRADOR)

CAN. CH. ASKLAR’S CHOICE COPY OF SCARLAW. Bred/Owned by Laurie Warvill, Asklar Perm. Reg’d

PUREBRED

History One of two breeds originating in North America, the Labrador is possibly descended from native dogs that interbred with those arriving in the 1600s with European fishing vessels. The Labrador is a hardy breed uniquely designed to withstand the difficult climate of Canada’s coastline. Smaller than the Newfoundland, the Labrador had excellent retrieving abilities, and became popular with waterfowl hunters worldwide. His type and talents were so desirable that the Labrador was used in many breeding programs, producing breeds such as the Flat-Coated, Chesapeake Bay and Golden Retrievers.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Labrador Retriever Club of Canada, Inc. Learn more about the breed online at www.labradorretrieverclub.ca BC Whiterobin Kennels, Cynthia White. All puppies come Canadian Kennel Club registered, 1st set of shots, dew claws done, de-wormed, microchipped, some crate conditioning, very wellsocialized, a health guarantee, and 6 weeks pet insurance. We are here for you, offering our support to provide you with our care and attention to assist you in raising a well-mannered puppy which will become a well-mannered adult dog. We offer LIFETIME return policy, and LIFETIME support for you and your new family member. Princeton, BC (250) 295- 7939; labs@ nethop.net; www.whiterobin-kennels.com ON Asklar Labrador Retrievers Perm Reg’d. Breeding Quality English Labradors since 1991, we are dedicated to this wonderful breed, located one hour north of Toronto on Lake Simcoe, Beaverton On, breeder of 44 Canadian Champions to date and 3 Grand Champions. We breed blacks, yellows, chocolates and Fox Reds. Clearances done on all breeding stock. Temperament is our TRADEMARK. (705) 426-5154; asklar.warvill@sympatico. ca; www.asklarlabradors.com(See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) Dora Lee Reg’d, Betty Small. Chocolate, yellow and occasionally black lab puppies for wonderful companions and/or field dogs. Certified clearances and puppy guarantees. 6734 6th Line, RR 3, Harriston, ON N0G 1Z0. (519) 338-2077; doraleegenetics1@ sonicwaves.ca; www.doraleelabradors.com Devonsleigh Kennels, Joanne Fernall. We are a country hobby kennel that produces black, yellow and chocolate Labrador Retrievers. We have owned and produced dogs that have accomplished Best in Show, High in Obedience Trial and that have won Retriever Trials. All puppies come with a written warrantee for health and temperament. 1280 Webster Road, Norwood, ON (705) 639-1210; devonsleigh@sympatico.ca; www.devonsleigh.com

Though the breed originated in Canada, the first Labrador Retrievers registered in Canada were found on the west coast, and were imported from the US and England. But the breed soon gained popularity in Canada and now stands as Evenstar Labradors Reg’d, Jacklyn Hayhurst. Puppies are home-raised naturally, well the most popular dog in the world. Personality Perhaps a perfect family dog, the Labrador Retriever is known for his sensible, affectionate, even-tempered nature and his intelligence and willingness to please. He is highly trainable and excels in a wide range of sports. An energetic dog, the Labrador needs a good run to work off steam, as well as things to do to keep his mind occupied. He is friendly with other animals, and excellent with kids. 142

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socialized with a head start on learning experiences. Guaranteed. Our girls and puppies excel in Show, Obedience and Field or as loving companions. Hips, Elbows, Eyes are certified clear on breeding stock. Fenwick, ON L0S 1C0. (905) 892-3012; jhayhurst@sympatico.ca; www. evenstarlabradors.com Goshen Ridge Reg’d, Ken & Cathy Pellizzari. Reg’d Breeders of quality black, chocolate, yellow & fox red Labrador Retrievers. Well temperamented for a family. Also great

for hunting, agility, or fly ball. 565 Goshen Road, Tillsonburg, ON (519) 842-0960 cell: (519) 688-8815, www.goshenridgelabs.com; goshenridgelabs@hotmail.com Jerryru Reg’d, Ruth Beach. Breeding Labrador Retrievers since 1968. Life member in good standing with CKC & Labrador Owners Club. Specializing in the Multi-purpose Lab for Hunting, Hunting Competition, Working & Family Companion. Have placed Labs working with MNR (Poaching), OPP (Cadaver) & Revenue Canada for Drug Detection. All Breeding stock have Hip, Eye, CNM, EIC Clearances. Breeding for temperament, quality & retrieving ability in Black, Yellow & Chocolate. Puppies are dewormed, vet inspected & have first set of needles & go with written guarantees. For further information phone (705) 686-7482 MooseLake Perm. Reg’d, Mike & Laurie Quenneville. Producing quality Labradors with exemplary temperament, breed type and structural soundness from certified parents. Black, chocolate and yellow available by reservation. Written health guarantee. Stud service available. Visitors welcome by appointment. Please see our website. Located in Kanata, ON. (613) 832-3087; lgquenne@rogers.com; www.mooselakelabs.com (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight) Ruttan, Don & Mary Lou, Loudonlabs. Yellow and Chocolate puppies. Home raised and well socialized. Written guarantee. All breeding stock have appropriate health clearances. Soundness and temperament are a priority. RR 2, Wroxeter, ON, N0G 2X0 (519) 335-6948; loudonlabs@gmail.com; www.loudonlabs.ca Wimberway Kennels & Farm Perm. Reg’d, Sandy Briggs. Puppies sometimes available. Stud Service to approved bitches. All adults have hip, elbow and eye clearances. Powassan, ON. sandy@wimberway.com; www.wimberway.com SK Windara Reg’d, Lila June Johnson. Aptitude tested black, chocolate and yellow puppies for sale throughout the year. Parents have OFAs. Check us out today for availability. Reservations accepted now. Air transport arranged to Canadian destinations. Our puppies will meet or exceed your expectations! Windthorst, SK S0G 5G0. (306) 736-7413; windarakennel@gmail. com; www.windarakennels.blogspot.com

RETRIEVER (NOVA SCOTIA DUCK TOLLING)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Retriever (Golden)

Tibsen Reg’d, Lise & Tim Nesbitt. Tibsen kennels is a home based kennel situated south of North Bay. Our goal is to breed well socialized, healthy, beautiful English-type Golden Retrievers. Puppies are the result of a carefully planned breeding program focusing on health, temperament and soundness. All breeding stock have health clearances. We offer written guarantee, 6 weeks of pet insurance and lifetime support. Our dogs and puppies live in our home and are part of our everyday lives. Callander, ON P0H 1H0. (705) 752-1926; tibsenkennels@ hotmail.com; www.tibsengoldens.com

Appearance 21-25” (54-62 cm) 55-80 lb (25-37 kg) Short, straight dense outercoat. Soft weatherresistant undercoat. Black, yellow, chocolate.

History After observing the antics of foxes, hunters in Little River, Nova Scotia decided


RHODESIAN RIDGEBACK

Bred specifically to look like and imitate foxes, Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retrievers come from a combination of breeds including FlatCoated Retrievers, Labrador Retrievers, Cocker Spaniels and Irish Setters. The breed is recognized as Nova Scotia’s Provincial Dog, and is gaining popularity.

Eiko von der Alten Festung. Loved & Owned by MeiLing Rottweilers Reg’d

Personality Playful and exuberant, the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Dog loves to retrieve. He “Stalkmoor Glen Lyon” OFA – R.R. DM 2107/36 M-NOPI “The Charmer” – “Toby” a Friend to all with needs lots of exercise and a way to make use a heart of gold. Bred/Owned by Mrs. M.J. Apostle, of his talents. At home, he is affectionate and Stalkmoor Perm. Reg’d, PO Box 28, Group 319, RR 3, devoted to his people. His tolling ability is Selkirk, MB R1A 2A8. (204) 757-2876 natural, though regular training is needed to enable him to become a consistent hunting dog. History The Rhodesian Ridgeback’s history begins in South Africa, where his ancestor, Appearance 17-21” (43-54 cm) the Khoikhoi dog, was prized as a sighthound 37-51 lb (17-23 kg) that could hold his own against large game. Water-resistant, medium-length, moderately The symmetrical ridge of hair that grows back soft outercoat. Soft dense undercoat. Whiskers. along the spine, giving the Ridgeback his name, Feathering. Various shades of red or orange. came from these early sighthounds. As English emigrants came to South Africa, they crossed May have white markings. the native dogs with other breeds like Mastiffs, Quick Facts Bloodhounds and Pointers. No matter what breed Exercise Requirements was added, the ridge was predominant, and the Grooming Rhodesian Ridgeback was born. These large dogs were used both as hunters and protectors.

Watermark Kennels Reg’d, Jane Wright. Home raised puppies available occasionally with health, temperament and structure being our top priorites. Breeding stock fully tested. Puppies come CKC Registered, first shots, de-wormed, microchipped, health guarantee and 6 weeks pet insurance. Inquiries and visitors by appointment are welcome. Stud Dogs available to approved bitches. (604) 594-5090; watermarkkennels@ gmail.com; www.watermarkkennels.com NS Redland Reg’d, Sandy Bruce. Occasional puppies from sound bloodlines of hip and eye cleared breeding stock. Stud dogs to approved bitches. Inquiries and visitors welcome. Mahone Bay, NS. (902) 624-0168; nsdtr@iname.com; www. redlandkennels.net; www.redlandkennels.com Littleriver Perm Reg’d, Jim Jeffery. Founded in 1969, Littleriver Kennels is the world’s longest serving Toller breeder, and always only Tollers. The Jeffery Division is proudly located in Yarmouth County, birthplace of the Toller breed and birthplace of Littleriver Kennels. Tollers have

In the 1870s, Reverend Helm brought some of these dogs to Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) where he continued to breed them as large game hunters. With the nose and endurance to track for hours, and the size and courage to hold a lion at bay so a hunter could come in for the kill, the Rhodesian Ridgeback was a supreme large game hound.

History Roman soldiers travelling across Europe took their food along with them “on the hoof ”. The herds were driven by huge Mastiffs. As cattle were eaten, or left at outposts, the dogs remained behind at drop points, one of which was the town of Rottweil in Germany. Roman Mastiffs and local dogs interbred, producing an imposing dog known as the German Butcher’s Dog, or Rottweiler. These dogs carted goods to market, then drove new purchases of cattle back home. Improved methods of transportation such as the railroad made the Rottweiler’s job unnecessary, and the breed’s numbers dropped significantly. But the Rottweiler’s reputation caught the interest of the police and military in the 1900s and this association made the Rottweiler one of the most popular breeds in North America. Personality A well-bred Rottweiler is a calm, confident and courageous dog. He trusts his owner implicitly, and is highly dedicated to his family. Naturally cautious of strangers, the Rottweiler remains on guard until shown there is no danger to his family. When not on the alert, he is a mellow dog who is loving and playful and makes a superb companion. Good training and socialization make the Rottweiler a pleasure to have around. His intelligence and trainability make him a fun friend who excels in obedience, agility, cart pulling and many more active jobs.

Personality Protective and brave, the Rhodesian Ridgeback is fiercely loyal to his owner. He is good with children when Appearance 22-27” (56-69 cm) socialized with them. He remains an excellent 92-110 lb (42-50 kg) hunter and excels at lure coursing. Because he is an independent thinker, he will benefit from Medium length, coarse dense outercoat. Black training and socialization at an early age. with rust to mahogany markings. Appearance 24-27” (61-69 cm) 65-85 lb (29-39 kg)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Short, sleek, glossy, dense coat. Light wheaten Grooming to red wheaten. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming MB Stalkmoor Perm Reg’d, Mrs MJ Apostle. Rhodesian Ridgebacks only since 1967. home-raised for loving and kind dispositions, gentle hearts and noble minds. Not selling for guard or hunting purposes. Approved homes only. PO Box 28, Grp 319, RR 3, Selkirk, MB R1A 2A8. (204) 757-2876 (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement above)

BC Trojan Perm Reg’d, COE breeder. Quality, not quantity, is our goal. Award-winning champion Rottweilers. Show, working and companion. OFA, CHIC and guarantees. Top pedigrees. Naturally raised. Puppies occasionally by reservation only. Lifetime breeder support. Members: CKC, RCC (Gold Breeders), and MRC. Mission, BC. (604) 820-2655; trojanrottweilers@shaw.ca; www. trojanrottweilers.com

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BC Redfox Reg’d, Stephanie & Joyn Halse. Homeraised puppies occasionally available. All breeding stock is health tested including the most current tests available. Please call or email to come and visit our dogs and to find out if we have any litters planned. North Vancouver, BC V7T 3G7 (604) 980-0705; shalse@shaw.ca; www. redfoxducktollers.com

ROTTWEILER

Rottweiler

been in the Jeffery family for more than 125 years, an important part of our heritage. Yarmouth, NS. (902) 742-1493; littleriver@eastlink.ca; www. littlerivertollers.com

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

to breed a dog that could imitate this hunting style, called “tolling”. One fox would play by the water’s edge, drawing the curiosity of the geese, while another would hide in the brush, ready to pounce. The “Little River Duck Dog” worked in a similar way, fetching an object thrown by the hunter, who would hide in a blind. Dancing and playing as he retrieved, the dog would attract the birds’ curiosity. The hunter would shoot once the birds were close enough, and the dog would then retrieve them.


Rottweiler

ON KJAQ Reg’d. We have been breeding quality Rottweilers for over 25 years in the same location. Our dogs have proven themselves in conformation, obedience, tracking, Schutzhund, therapy, and agility. First and foremost, however, they excel as loyal and loving family companions. Check our website to learn more about us. kjaqrottweilers.ca We are located at 1361 Hendrie Rd, Minesing, ON. You may contact us by calling (705) 737-0026 or by e-mailing judy. maechtel@sympatico.ca (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

in 1923. Around the same time, several dogs not like to be left outdoors for long periods and were brought to North America, and the breed prefers to be inside with his family. received recognition in 1927. Appearance 18-24” (46-60 cm) Personality Dignified and independent, 35-65 lb (16-30 kg) the Saluki has a deep affection for his people. Long, harsh, stand-off weather-resistant Sensitive to noisy active children, the Saluki is outercoat. Short, thick, wooly undercoat. Neck best in a fairly quiet home. He is a true hunter ruff. White, biscuit, white and biscuit, cream. and sighthound, and will chase any small prey that catches his eye. Daily runs in a safe high- Quick Facts fenced area are important to keep a Saluki happy. Exercise Requirements Grooming Appearance 23-28” (58-71 cm) 29-66 lb (13-30 kg) ON

Feathered: smooth, soft silky coat with slight feathering on legs, back of thighs and tail. Smooth: same coat type, but no feathering. White, cream, fawn, golden, red, grizzle and tan, black and tan, MeiLing Rottweilers Reg’d, Lindsay Bussey. tricolour or any variation of these colours. Home of the 2014 RCC National Youth Sieger, multi V1 “Eiko von der Alten Festung”, s/o World Champion Astor von Junipera. Breeding for quality, temperament, and health. Our dogs are raised in our home with our children. Pups available occasionally are CKC registered, microchipped, dewormed, vaccinated and raised using the highly rated “Puppy Culture” program. Reservations recommended. Shipping available. (905) 515-4400; meilingrotts@gmail. com; www.meilingrotts.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement on page 143)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming: Smooth Feathered

SAMOYED

RUSSIAN TSVETNAYA BOLONKA

Snowybear Perm Reg’d. Home raised, happy puppies. Sound temperaments, hard working Samoyeds. All puppies vet checked. Breeding since 1986. 156 Cheapside Road, PO Box 135, Selkirk, ON N0A 1P0 (905) 776-2115; gibson.snowbear@ xplornet.com; www.snowybearkennels.com Vanderbilt Perm Reg’d, Blair & Judi Elford. Source for discerning pet owners and breed fanciers worldwide. Health and temperament a top priority. Please complete the questionnaire on our website ‘Nursery’ section. We only want the best homes for Vanderbilt puppies and dogs! Written health guarantees – microchipped. Experienced shipper. Home-raised with TLC. Like us on Facebook www.Facebook.com/ Vanderbiltsamoyeds Located in Millbrook – ON L0A 1G0. (705) 932-2559; samoyeds@gmail. com; www.vanderbiltsamoyeds.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left)

SCHAPENDOES (DUTCH SHEEPDOG)

– See Rare Breed directory

SALUKI “Stealer” (CAN AM CH Vanderbilt’s Stolen Kiss) - a typical VANDERBILT Samoyed – beauty and smiling sweetness! Vanderbilt (Perm.Reg.) Samoyeds, Millbrook, ON www.vanderbiltsamoyeds.com

PUREBRED

History Born in the bitterest regions of Russia and Siberia, north of the Arctic Circle, the Samoyed was an irreplaceable hunter, herder, sled dog and companion to the Samoyede people. The Samoyed was a member of the family, and was allowed to live indoors when not herding reindeer or transporting people across the tundra.

History The Saluki is possibly the first breed ever domesticated by humans. Originating in Syria, it was imported to Egypt, Persia, India and Afghanistan. Its image has been found in tombs well over 5,000 years old. The name likely came from the Arabian town of Saluk, but may have an earlier origin with the Syrian town of Seleukia. The dog’s impressive speed made him a superlative hunter of fast game such as deer, fox, hare and gazelle. Considered a sacred gift of Allah, the Saluki could never be sold, only gifted.

Europeans discovered this useful sled dog during their expeditions to the Arctic in the mid-1800s. In 1889, zoologist Ernest Kilburn-Scott spent time with the Samoyede people and took home several dogs, calling them Samoyeds. They quickly gained popularity with the nobility, and were prized by expeditionary forces. The first dogs to explore Antarctica were Samoyeds. Despite their cold weather heritage, Samoyeds adjust well to warmer climates.

Personality Always a family dog, the Samoyed is wonderful with all his people, young and old. He is easy-going and affectionate. Though The Saluki came to Europe when Wilfred he will bark at strangers, he is too friendly to Jennings-Bramly obtained some from the be much of a guard dog. He likes to play, and Tahawi tribe in Northern Egypt. Despite his enjoys a daily run. While his thick coat makes best efforts, the breed was not recognized by him tolerant of cold weather, the Samoyed does the Kennel Club until after the First World War, 144

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GR. CH Merlot du Bouleau. Typical Schapendoe male. Nice coat texture, balance and wonderful temperament. Owned by Mike and Lynjte Dadswell, co-owner Colette Peiffer.

History The hardworking Schapendoes has protected flocks in the Netherlands for hundreds of years, and enjoyed great popularity in the late 1800s and early 1900s. He is related to a variety of breeds in the sheepdog family, including the Bearded Collie, the Puli, and the Briard. After the First World War, Schapendoes numbers declined, but a Dutch inspector named P.M.C. Toepoel launched a campaign to resurrect the breed and by the 1930s interest in breeding the Schapendoes increased. In the 1940s, the Schapendoes made his first appearance in the show ring, which demonstrated that this breed could be reliable and durable in a variety of situations.


Appearance 15.5-20” (40-51 cm) 26.5-55 lbs (12-25 kg) Slightly wavy, long, thick outercoat with sufficient History The Schipperke has existed within the undercoat. Top knot, moustache, and beard. Flemish provinces of Belgium for hundreds of years. Whether the breed hailed from an old Fur sometimes gathers in tufts. All colours. breed of black Belgian Sheepdog called the Quick Facts Leauvenarr or from the northern Spitz-type Exercise Requirements dogs is still debated. The Schipperke’s original Grooming purpose was to clear farms, factories, and Dutch Sheepdog (Schapendoes) Club of Canada. homes of rats, which earned them the name Originally bred to herd sheep the Schapendoes “Spitske” (little Spits). Quite successful at this is a lightly built. Lively breed with an attractive task, Schipperkes moved from land to water, cheerful power that cannot be resisted by many where they took care of vermin on boats and owners. Website: http://schapendoesclub.ca barges. By the 1880s, that earned them the new name – the Schipperke – which means “little ON captain.” The Schipperke became a popular Messy Hair Kennel Reg’d, Chari O’Leary. Selective breeding from Canadian and European pet in Belgium after Queen Marie Henriette Championship lines. Parents are OFA Hips/ acquired one at a dog show in 1885. Personality A loyal family dog, the Schipperke is active, agile and continually occupied with what is going on around him. While he is kind with children, his excellent watchdog skills make the Schipperke wary of strangers. He has a high energy level, which can be satisfied in the city with frequent visits to the dog park or long walks. He’s also a great farm dog, since he gets along well with larger animals such as horses (though he’ll chase smaller animals such as rabbits). Eager to please and intelligent, the SchapAnnRo Reg’d, Anne & Robert Harvey. Schipperke is very adaptable and easy to train. Elbows/Heart & CAER tested. Lovingly homeraised for companions - conformation - and performance; temperament tested pups placed in approved homes (Reservations recommended). Providing health guarantees and unlimited support to our puppies’ families. Vet checked with the first vaccination and micro-chipped. Crate trained. Proud member of the CKC and Schapendoes Club of Canada. (905) 936-5986; messyhair@rogers. com; www.messyhairkennels.com; www.facebook. com/messyhairkennels Small breeder of quality, lovingly home-raised, well-socialized puppies, selectively bred for temperament, health, trainability and structure. No 1 obedience Schapendoes 2006 to 2010. Available to approved homes, crate-trained (puppy crate included), health guarantees and lifetime breeder support. Visitors welcome. Reservations recommended. 423311 25th Sideroad, Amaranth, ON L9V 1M3. (416) 420-3425 or (416) 347-7796; schapannro@rogers.com; www.schapannro.com

QC Elevage du Bouleau Blanc Reg’d, Colette Pieffer. Our dogs are bred for health, temperament, conformation, trainabiliy and companionship. Our line is from European Championship lines. Health guarantee, home raised puppies and socialization program. Crate trained. Reservations recommended. Breeder for 25 years of experience and dog trainer. (819) 4258845; cpeiffer@cgocable.ca; c.peiffer@icloud. com; www.schapendoesdubouleaublanc.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left)

Appearance 10-13” (25.5-33 cm) 12-19 lb (5.5-8.5 kg)

Schnauzer (Giant)

SCHIPPERKE

SCHNAUZER (GIANT)

Lindsayleigh’s Thunder Struck. Bred/Owned by Derrick Wood, Lindsayleigh Kennels. www.lindsayleigh.ca

History The Giant Schnauzer may seem a larger copy of the Standard and Miniature Schnauzer, but each breed has its own unique origins. Giant Schnauzers originally come from the mountains of Bavaria and were primarily cattle drovers. Their ancestry is mixed, likely stemming from Great Danes, Bouviers des Flandres and various other droving and shepherd dogs of the time. Mostly found around Munich, he was a popular farm dog from the 15th century until the arrival of railroads made him obsolete. Butchers in town took a liking to the large protective dogs and they became guardians of butcher shops and pubs. Around this time, the breed was crossed with the Standard Schnauzer and called the Munich Schnauzer, later renamed the Giant Schnauzer. Because of their size and bravery, Giant Schnauzers became staunch defenders in both World Wars. Personality Big, bold and full of spirit, the Giant Schnauzer takes his job seriously. At the same time, he is loyal and loving with his family. Intelligent and energetic, he needs a job to keep him happy and thrives on activities such as flyball, agility and obedience. He is a natural protector, and needs careful socialization and training at a young age.

Appearance 23-28” (60-70 cm) 75-104 lb (34-47 kg) Black double-coat, with soft undercoat and harsh, dense outercoat. Neck ruff and perky Harsh, wiry dense outercoat. Soft undercoat. ears. Usually all black, medium-length fur. Beard and moustache. Solid black, salt and pepper. Dark mask in salt and pepper colour. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Grooming ON Armstrong-Purnell Janice & Murray Purnell, Sanhedrin Reg’d. Quality home raised puppies from sound, health champion & obedience OFA certified clear stock. Our dogs do well in Obedience & Shows, but most of all, are loving family companions. 8676 Hwy 9, Tottenham, ON L0G 1W0. (416) 441-3724 Cell; (905) 936-3236 Home; willysammi@hotmail. com; www.sanhedringermanshepherds.com

BC Aerdenhout Perm. Reg’d, Janine Starink & Lisa Hawes. At Aerdenhout we only breed ONE breed. We breed for health, temperament, longevity and type. Parents are tested for hips, thyroid, and eyes. Make sure the breeder you decide on does the same, and do not be afraid to ASK FOR PROOF! Giants are a dominant breed and do not belong in all families, and it is important

Schnauzer (Giant) continued on next page.

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Personality The Schapendoes is a loyal, intelligent breed that exudes friendliness and kindness to all that he meets. His high energy level is channeled into playful antics and he excels at agility sports, such as running and jumping over obstacles. He has a jovial personality, which makes him a friend to all, and his versatility makes him a good dog for a number of activities. The Schapendoes’ devoted nature and herding instincts means that he can be a good watchdog without being aggressive. He is fantastic in the show ring, hardworking on the farm, and affectionate in the home.


to know if one belongs in yours. Aerdenhout has produced many of the top Giants in Canada and the USA. Last year, Abbey, was the first Giant in Canadian history to attain #1 of All Breeds. Proven beauty with long lived and healthy bloodlines, Aerdenhout Giants offer the best of the both worlds. (604) 729-7797; janine.starink@ me.com

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Schnauzer (Giant)

SCHNAUZER (MINIATURE)

ON Bluechip Perm. Reg’d, Olga Gagne. Breeding for health, temperament and correct breed characteristics. Over the decades, Bluechip Giant Schnauzers have been wonderful family companions, protectors and ambassadors for the breed. They are versatile in performance events, family activities and conformation shows. Puppies are vaccinated and fully health guaranteed. St. David’s, ON, L0S 1P0; (905) 269-4628; bluechip149@sympatico.ca; www.bluechipgiants.com

colours, some with smaller size, superior colour. Many of my minis live well into their teens. Generations of repeat customers. Also breeding European Giant Schnauzers occasionally. Salt/ Pepper and Blacks. Health guarantee. Vet References and Naturally Reared. Box 268, Oak Lake MB R0M 1P0. (204) 855-2844; www. Pets4you.com/Pages/OakValley.html ON Ashlyn Reg’d, Lynn Bryden. Home-raised puppies for show or pet with exceptional temperaments from champion bloodlines. Health guaranteed. Eyes tested. Stud service to approved bitches, by appointment. 142 St. Andrew’s Dr. Grafton, ON K0K 2G0 (905) 3493212; lynn@ashlyns.ca; www.ashlyns.ca

History The only Schnauzer breed classified as a terrier, the Miniature Schnauzer worked on farms where he was responsible for reducing rat populations. The breed was created in Germany in the late 1800s when fanciers of the Standard SCOTTISH DEERHOUND Schnauzer desired a smaller dog of similar type. -See Deerhound (Scottish) By crossing the Standard Schnauzer with Miniature Pinschers, Wire Fox Terriers, SCOTTISH TERRIER Affenpinschers and small Poodles, they were able to maintain the Schnauzer type in a smaller size while adding the desired ratting traits. Lindsayleigh, Derrick & Idona Wood. Breeding Unlike many terrier breeds, the Miniature Giants since 1977. It’s most important to PICK Schnauzer did not go to ground when hunting, your breed, PICK your breeder, WAIT for your but dispatched his prey above ground.

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pup. Your buying type, health, temperament and breeder support. Pups are suitable for whatever your heart desires. (519) 3211855; lindsayleighgiants@hotmail.ca; www. lindsayleigh.ca. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement on page 145) Magisterial Giant Schnauzers Reg’d. At Magisterial, we provide a life-enhancing experience for each of our clients. Our Giant Schnauzer puppies are highly socialized, joyful, and raised with children. They have gorgeous good looks, are health and temperament tested, and very eager to learn! Your new family member will have been raised in luxury and given nothing but the very best during their crucial first 8 weeks of life. Magisterial Giant Schnauzer puppies will be fully crate trained, will have begun leash training, and will go home with our exclusive Magisterial 3 year health guarantee. Their most important role is being loving, loyal companions to families worldwide, delivering immeasurable amounts of joy, love, and magic! Magisterial Giant Schnauzers are suitable for: therapy, obedience, agility, show, flyball, service dog training, grooming competitions, or herding. Roblin, ON (613) 4531773; adam@magisterialkennels.com; www. magisterialkennels.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

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No longer needed for farm work, the Miniature Schnauzer’s good looks and pleasant personality made him a desirable and popular indoor pet. An ideal companion, he wants to be included in everything that goes on. Personality A bright and charming dog, the Miniature Schnauzer is a devoted companion who gets along with children and other dogs. He is fearless and alert and makes an excellent non-aggressive watchdog. He is friendly and easy to socialize. Regular exercise is important to keep this active fellow occupied. The Miniature Schnauzer is easy to train and enjoys activities such as obedience and agility. Appearance 12-14” (30-36 cm) 9-18 lb (4-8 kg)

History Feisty, small dogs have helped Scottish highlanders root out prey for centuries. An old breed, the Scottish Terrier is likely descended from the “earth dogs”, written about by Pliny the Elder in 55 BC. The “Scottie” shares bloodlines with the Cairn Terrier and West Highland White Terrier, but his exact origin remains unknown.

Hard wiry outercoat. Soft close undercoat. In the late 1870s, the Scottish Terrier travelled Beard and moustache. Salt and pepper, black outside his native Scotland. Soon the little powerhouse was killing badgers and vermin on and silver, black. English farms. A decade later, breed criterion Quick Facts was established and the Scottish Terrier gained Exercise Requirements popularity for his distinguished looks and Grooming loyal companionship. In the U.S., President Roosevelt’s dog “Fala” captured public attention AB throughout the Depression and WWII. Edencourt Kennels, Karina Cowie has been breeding purebred champion dogs for over four decades. Many of our dogs have been shown in Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) confirmation competitions, American Kennel Club (AKC) confirmation competitions, obedience trials and more. Honorary life member of the CKC. Breeding happy, healthy additions to your family. Box 2 Site 21 RR2, Strathmore, AB T1P 1K5. (403) 934-5133; edencourtkennels@gmail.com; www.edencourtkennels.com MB Oak Valley Schnauzers, Roger Main. 35 Years raising Minis with Exclusive bloodlines selectively bred for companions and therapy dogs. All

Personality The Scottish Terrier’s nickname, “Diehard”, captures the breed’s courage and tenacity. The scrappy nature that served him well in the past is best tempered in the present day, notably when he is with other dogs. He is independent, so establishing boundaries early is prudent. “The Scottie” is bright and willing to please so fair and positive training ensures good behaviour. Appearance 10-11” (25.5-28 cm) 18-22 lb (8-10 kg) Hard, wiry outer coat in black, grey, brindle, or wheaten.


Personality Despite their history as hunters, English Setters are friendly, affectionate and mild-mannered. They enjoy playing with children, make good household companions, and are willing to please. The English Setter loves to run and hunt, and may become a digger and a roamer if allowed free rein. History While seeking the “perfect terrier” for his estate in Pembrokeshire, Wales, Captain John Edwards created the Sealyham Terrier. The dog was fast enough to keep up with hounds on the hunt, small enough to go to ground after badgers, brave enough to face whatever prey he might encounter, and white in colour so the hounds wouldn’t mistake him as their prey. Edwards spent four decades during the 1800s putting together his terrier, using Dandie Dinmont Terriers, Wire Fox Terriers, West Highland White Terriers, Corgis and even Bassets. The breed’s popularity soared in the 20s and 30s, when the Sealyham became the “must have” dog of Hollywood celebrities. Famous people like Humphrey Bogart, Elizabeth Taylor and Alfred Hitchcock sported Sealyhams.

Appearance 24-27” (61-64 cm) 50-70 lb (22.5-31.5 kg) Flat, silky, relatively long coat with feathering. Colouring can range from white mixed with black, orange, lemon or liver, but can also be solid white or tri-colour.

enjoys sports, but is known more for his stamina than his speed. Training and socialization can be quite enjoyable with Gordon Setters, since they tend to be well-mannered and sensible. Appearance 23-27” (58.5-68.5 cm) 45-80 lb (20.5-36.5 kg) Soft coat is either straight or slightly wavy. Shiny black fur with tan markings. Long, soft ears.

Setter (Irish)

SEALYHAM TERRIER

his prey. As this working breed’s name indicates, the English setter has been used all over the U.K. since the 1300s, although it’s believed to be a descendant of the Spanish land spaniel. In the 19th century, Edward Laverack, and later Purcell Llewellin, created breeding programs that led to the development of the English Setter as we know him today on both sides of the Atlantic – a skilled, elegant-looking gun dog who’s a winner in the show ring as well as at field trials.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming QC Gordonstar, Brigitte Grise. Gordon Setter breeder located in Québec/Canada, show line, hunting line, family-raised puppies, health garantee and good temperement, you can visit our website for more information and for upcoming litters. Lac Superieur, QC (819) 688-6499; brigitte.grise@ cgocable.ca; www.gordonstar.com

SETTER (IRISH)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

SETTER (GORDON)

Personality Despite being a brave and tenacious hunter, the Sealyham Terrier is quite a low-key fellow. He is proud and self-confident, secure of his place in the world. A bit of a clown, he loves to entertain his owners.

Group winner Ch Carannagh’s Georgia FDJ RN, mother of 5 champions & 2 grand champions. Owned/bred by Anne Perkins Carannagh Reg’d. Osgoode, ON. www. carannagh.ca

Appearance 10-12” (25-31 cm) 17-25 lb (8-11.5 kg)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Long, hard wiry outercoat. Soft, dense weatherresistant undercoat. All white with lemon or badger pied markings on head and ears. History The Gordon Setter is a descendant of the setting spaniels that were popular in Quick Facts 15th century Scotland. The black and tan Exercise Requirements setting dogs were crossed with local dogs to Grooming create unique breeds that were suitable for the harsh Scottish terrain. It was the Fourth Duke SETTER (ENGLISH) of Gordon, Alexander, who set the foundation for the Gordon Setter. His kennel dogs became excellent bird hunting dogs, since they had the ability to stealthily track and alert hunters to the location of birds without startling the birds into flight. In the mid-1800s, two direct descendants of the Duke of Gordon’s kennels came to North America and the development of the breed was refined.

History The origin of setters in Ireland is uncertain. As the breed gained popularity in the early 19th century, Irish Setters came in combinations of red and white. Occasionally, a puppy would be born with an all-red coat. When breed showing became popular in the mid-1800s, the flashy all-red colouring caught people’s attention, and breeders soon sought to focus on type. They cut out the red and white colouring and founded the Irish Red Setter Club in 1882. All-red Irish Setters were very popular in their native Ireland, and in North America where they were excellent gun dogs. In recent history, breeders have returned their emphasis to the qualities that made the Irish Setter a successful birding dog.

Personality A playful happy-go-lucky fellow, Personality Both patient and adventurous, the Irish Setter is an upbeat companion whose the Gordon Setter has all the makings of a brilliant red coat is sure to turn heads. He is good family dog. His loyal qualities make him a decent guard dog, but he is also gentle and History The name “setter” comes from the affectionate. While he is in his element when practice of “setting”, a game bird hunting style Setter (Irish) continued on next page. that involves the dog stealthily creeping up on on hunting excursions, hiking, long walks, and swimming will also keep him happy. He also

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Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


Setter (Irish)

in short bursts suited to his short attention span, and opportunities to burn off his energy. friendly to all he meets, and always enthusiastic. He has a short attention span, and does best with short training sessions. He needs a lot of exercise to keep him happy. Given his hunting roots, the Irish Setter enjoys active sports like agility, and remains an excellent bird dog. Appearance 21-27” (54-69 cm) 60-75 lb (27-34 kg)

Appearance 22-26” (57-66 cm) 50-75 lb (22-34 kg)

AB

Long, straight, silky fine coat with feathering. Kimicko Perm. Reg’d, Pamela Cazes. Home White with solid red patches. raised, championship bloodlines. Written health guarantees, breeding stock all health tested, stud Quick Facts service available to approved bitches. Box 117, Exercise Requirements Bashaw, AB T0B 0H0. (780) 372-3572; kimic@ Grooming telusplanet.net; www.kimickoshelties.com

Moderate length, straight flat coat with feathering. Rich chestnut or mahogany red with no trace of black. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Carannagh Reg’d, Anne Perkins. Sound, loving Irish for family, conformation, obedience, field, service work, and just fun. Puppies occasionally to approved homes. Written guarantee. 36 years owner/16 years breeder of these wonderful redheads. Breeder of MOTCH Carannagh’s Siannfair RAE, top obedience dog all setters, #2 pointing breeds (2015) & #1 pointing breed (June 2016); owned/trained by David & Jean Bruce. Box 538, Osgoode, On K0A 2W0 (613) 826-3297; aperkins@rogers.com; www.carannagh.ca (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement on page 147)

ON Aislingcudo CKC Perm Reg’d. Since 1993 AKC breeders of merit. Puppies are very well socialized and live in our home until they go to their forever homes. Our puppies are placed in loving pet, show and hunting homes. www. irishredandwhitesettes.ca Harrison, Gail & Leslie, Caniscaeli Reg’d. Knowledgeable, experienced breeders emphasizing health and good temperament to produce excellent family companions. Homeraised puppies have excelled in conformation, field and obedience. Inquiries welcomed. RR #3, Mitchell, ON N0K 1N0 Telephone (519) 348-8267; caniscaeli@gmail.com; www. caniscaelisetters.com

SHETLAND SHEEPDOG

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

SETTER (IRISH RED AND WHITE)

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Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

ON Doel Lynn & Rick, Regaloake Perm Reg’d. Show and companion pups of all colours. Home raised. Champion bloodlines. Written health guarantee. Brampton, ON. (905) 459-1138; cell: (416) 820DOGS; email: dogsdogs@rogers.com; website: www.regaloakeshelties.com Grand-Gables Perm Reg’d, Guy Jeavons. Let our puppies be part of your life too! Home-raised, healthy, reasonably priced with Guarantees. Stud Service available. (905) 8544148; grandgables@sympatico.ca Sharls Shelties Reg’d. Top quality CKC reg’d. championship blood lines. Bred for show, performance and companionship. Happy, Intelligent, Home-raised puppies. Vet checked, microchip, health guarantee, occasionally for sale. All inquires welcomed. Sharon MacLean, 607 Dorchester Drive, Oshawa, ON. Phone: (905) 728-1352 or sharlsshelties@bell.net; www. sharlsshelties.com Wildmore Reg’d, Lou-Ann & Jim Wild. Healthy, home-raised puppies. CKC registered, first shots, microchipped. Health and temperament guarantee. Available to approved homes. Thirty years of enjoyment in the breed. 142 Hummingbird Hill Road, Midland, ON. L4R 4K3. (705) 835-5046

History Natives of the sparsely-vegetated Shetland Islands bred small hardy miniature cattle, dwarf sheep and Shetland Ponies. Since they didn’t require large dogs to maintain History The Setter is a specialized bird- their herds, they selectively bred King Charles hunting dog that flushes prey then remains still Spaniels, Yakki dogs from Greenland, and so the hunter can shoot the birds without risk Scandinavian Spitz-type dogs to produce a small of shooting his dog. Irish Setters were developed sturdy herder. in the early 1800s when gun-hunting became popular. The original breed was mostly red and At first, there was a lot of variety in these dogs, white with the odd all-red dog born in a litter. but in the early 1900s James Loggie standardized As showing became popular, the all-red colour the Shetland dog’s type, adding in Collie blood. came into vogue, and the red and white dogs He introduced the dog in 1906 as the “Shetland Collie”, but when Collie breeders objected, the nearly became extinct. dog was renamed the Shetland Sheepdog. Irish hunters preferred working with the red and white dogs because they were easily Personality A lively and intelligent fellow, the seen. Several breeders maintained Irish Red Shetland Sheepdog, or Sheltie, makes a fun and White Setters, with a focus on working family companion who excels in obedience, characteristics rather than colour. Today, nearly agility and other similar sports. He is a gentle all Irish Red and White Setters are steadily dog who is attached to his family, though is reserved with strangers. Early socialization is gaining popularity around the world. important to prevent shyness. Personality The Irish Red and White Setter is a happy-go-lucky fellow, bursting with energy. Appearance 13-16” (33-41 cm) 14-27 lb (6-12 kg) He loves the great outdoors, and his highspirited nature makes him a fun and exciting Long, straight harsh outercoat. Short, furry dense dog to be around. He needs consistent training, undercoat. Mane. Black, blue merle, shades of

SHIBA INU

History The Shiba Inu is the smallest Japanese Spitz-type breed. Bred as a hunter of small game, he would be sent out to flush, run and hold game until the hunter arrived for the kill. While usually used to hunt rabbits, grouse and wild boar, there are accounts of Shiba Inu hunting bear and deer. The breed’s name comes from the Japanese words for “small” (shiba) and “dog” (inu).

In 1928, the Nihon Ken Hozonkai, or Nippon, was founded to register and preserve native sable, all with various degrees of white and/or tan. Japanese dog breeds. It recognized the Shiba Inu as a “national monument” in 1936 – a

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In the 1920s, Lady Brownrigg brought a pair of Personality With an independent cat-like Shih Tzu home to England from a visit to China. personality, the Shiba Inu is affectionate and A few dogs were exported abroad until 1940, playful, yet reserved with strangers. He is vocal when the Communist takeover of China closed and makes a good watchdog, and can make a the borders to new bloodlines. Only seven dogs fun and enjoyable companion. and bitches were available for breeding; they are the founders of all existing Shih Tzu. With so Appearance 13-17” (34-42 cm) few dogs available, the breed developed various 17-23 lb (7.5-11 kg) health issues that later breeders corrected through Straight stiff outercoat. Soft thick undercoat. judicious out-crossings. The Shih Tzu is now one Red, black and tan, sesame. of the most popular toy breeds in the world. Quick Facts Personality Used to being a dog of nobility, Exercise Requirements the Shih Tzu is a friendly loving animal who can Grooming be a happy lap dog one moment, and a playful AB companion the next. Despite his small size, he is Smilingbear Shibas Reg’d. Doreen M. Fitchett. sturdy and does well with children. Raising the Shiba Inu for 17 years. Pups from OFA & CERF tested parents. Our babies are carefully vet checked and come with a 3 year health guarantee. Our grand daughter pre-spoils your pup for you! Quality puppies for quality families. Hanna, AB. (403) 854-2154; smilbear@netago. ca; www.telusplanet.net/public/smilbear BC Mountain High Shiba, Stu Laurie. Companion / Performance / Breeding / Show. We have worked for generations to produce puppies who have great dispositions and mind-set as well as super conformation. Our dogs are companions and excel in performance -Rally-O, Agility, Tracking, Scent, Flyball, Obedience, Etc. See our website for regular up-dates on Ch Asgoodasitgets At Mtn High, aka Castle. Box 70, 4182 Skookumchuck River Road, Skookumchuck BC V0B 2E0. (250) 422-3522; mtnhighshibas@ gmail.com; www.mtnhighshiba.ca ON Carol Williamson, ShyGuy Shibas. Written guarantees on all pups. Superb quality and temperament. Durham Road 13, S2316, Sunderland, ON L0C 1H0 (705) 357-2194

SHIH TZU

BIS Ch Schutzu’s Saint Elmo’s Fire. Elmo” BIS, MBP/BBEIS, puppy 2014. Breeder/owner/ presented/handled. Freelton, ON (905) 659-3922

weather. We live right in the house with our breeders; there aren’t too many of us and they are very careful who we go home to; we are glad they do! We come in speciality sizes too! Contact Anita, Home (705) 386-0345; Cell (647) 3230345; muskokapaws@gmail.com or visit our site; www.muskokapaws.com (videos too). Muskoka Paws Kennel is also on Facebook.

Shikoku

China in the 7th century, where the breed was highly prized by the court. In the late 1800s, the Dowager Empress T’zu His took an interest in the breed, crossing it with the Pekinese and creating the breed type we know today.

Schutzu Reg’d. Karen Schut. Small show kennel dedicated to producing beautiful, healthy, intelligent puppies from Champion lines. Gold/ whites and Black/whites well-socialized Shih Tzu’s to approved homes on non-breeding contracts. Show puppies, foster adults, stud service available occasionally. 241 Freelton Rd, Freelton, ON L0R 1K0. (905) 659-3922; schutzu. info@gmail.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left)

SHIKOKU

Appearance 8-11” (20-28 cm) 9-16 lb (4-7.5 kg) Long, flowing luxurious outercoat. Dense good undercoat. All colours permissible. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming BC Ovations Reg’d. Selective breeding of top champion bloodlines to produce superior companion and show puppies with excellent temperament and conformation. Veterinarian examined. Written agreement and after sale support. Surrey, BC. (604) 541-2747; Cell (778) 885-4353; ovations.kennel@shaw.ca MB Corrine’s CKC Reg’d Shih Tzu’s. I live in Southern Manitoba with my human family and Shih Tzu family. All my dogs have free run of my home. I do not run a kennel operation. I am a small hobby breeder of quality CKC Shih Tzu’s. Puppies are raised around everyday household sounds and around children. My grandchildren are over to play with the babies once they are old enough to play. My puppies leave my home well socialized, happy, Shih Tzu babies. They will be vet checked, dewormed 3 times, first set of vaccinations, pee pad training started, puppy pack, 6 weeks of free pet insurance, microchipped and a health guarantee. (204) 3040717; manitobashihtzu@corrinesshihtzu.com; www.corrinesshihtzu.com ON Chopin Reg’d, Sandra Veitch. We breed our CKC champions in our home to produce wellsocialized puppies that come with a health guarantee. Vet-checked, shots and microchipped as well as CKC registered. London, ON (519) 474-4387; chopinshihtzureg@hotmail.com

History A medium-sized breed that existed in ancient times, the Shikoku hunted deer and boar on the smallest and least-populated of Japan’s four islands. In this isolated, mountainous region, Shikoku bloodlines remained pure. This Spitz type is so rare and treasured that in 1937, the Japanese government declared the breed “a national monument”. The Shikoku survived WWII, and continues to be bred for the hunt. Outside its native country, the Shikoku is a rare breed; even inside Japan, its numbers remain low. Personality The Shikoku is alert, tough and energetic – yet owners say he possesses a certain innocence. Calm indoors, especially around his family, he needs an active outdoor life. The Shikoku does have a tendency to dominance, so early socialization is required. A fenced yard provides safety for this unique dog, who, after all, has running in his genes. Appearance 18-20.5” (46-52 cm) 40-60 lb (18-27 kg) Known for his “sesame-coloured”, harsh outer coat. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

SHILOH SHEPHERD - See Rare Breed Directory

History These little dogs came to be known Muskoka Paws Reg’d. We come with first shots, as “lion dogs” or Shih Tzu. They came to microchipped and house trained in warmer

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distinctly Japanese dog requiring preservation. The devastation wracked on Japan during World War II decimated the dogs. After the war, the Japanese gathered dogs from all over the country in an effort to rebuild its native breeds. The Shiba Inu arrived in North America in the late 1900s.


Siberian Husky

SIBERIAN HUSKY

History The nomadic Chukchi people of Siberia needed durable dogs capable of pulling sleds or hunting reindeer. Because food was scarce, these sled dogs not only needed great endurance but had to be small enough not to require a lot of nourishment. Known as the Siberian Chukchi, they were first brought to North America in 1909.

in your life. Socialized, gentle temperament, great conformation, longevity. Training started. Dams and sires on site. Females bred only occasionally. Available for the life of your dog for advice. To caring, permanent, responsible homes. Grandfather was a Disney “Snow Dog”. Stud service. All-breed boarding facility, in-floor heat, large indoor/outdoor runs, huge in-door exercise arena. Private boarding cattery, lots of TLC! Pet shop for all your canine, feline and equine needs. Specializing in husky and wolf items - clothing, jewelry, art plus. Near Grand Bend. 35619 Salem Rd., RR 8, Parkhill, ON (519) 294-0494; fax (519) 294-0820

SOFT-COATED WHEATEN TERRIER

SILKY TERRIER

The Siberian Husky came to the world’s notice thanks to Leonhard Seppala, who with his dog team delivered serum 600 miles to Nome, Alaska in the winter of 1925, narrowly averting an outbreak of diphtheria. Seppala toured the United States with his famed dogs, including team leader Balto, who has a statue in New York’s Central Park. During his tour, Balto entered several races and proved the Siberian Husky’s superiority. Since then, the breed has History: This breed originated in Australia remained popular in North America. Personality Bred to live and work in a team, in the early 1800s, and is a mixture of the the Siberian Husky does not like to be left Australian and Yorkshire terrier, although the alone. He is loving and friendly, playful as a Dandie Dinmont, Cairn and Skye terriers may puppy, yet dignified as he matures. With his also figure in the Silky’s ancestry. Two separate great endurance, the Siberian Husky requires standards initially resulted in two names – the regular exercise. He is a bit of an escape artist, and requires a securely fenced yard to run in. Sydney Silky terrier and the Victorian Silky – Historically expected to help earn his own keep, but a single standard was adopted in 1959 and he is an effective hunter of small prey and may the breed became known as the Silky Terrier. Bred as a companion dog, he’s also skilled not be safe around smaller pets like cats. at killing vermin. He was brought to North Appearance 20-34” (51-60 cm) America by WWII soldiers serving in Australia. 35-60 lb (16-27 kg)

Am Ch Rathdrum Trespassers W, “Tre”, showing his Danish heritage. Champion European lines combining loving temperament with genetic soundness. Rathdrum Wheatens, Maureen Marinelli, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON L0S 1J0.

History As Ireland’s poor man’s hunting dog, the Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier was an effective ratter, herder, hunter and watch dog. In the early 19th century the breed was so common it was considered beneath notice. Because of its lowly heritage, no one took interest in the breed until the 1930s, when a group of fanciers formed a breed club. The dog was initially called the Irish Wheaten Terrier, but the club decided the name was too similar to Irish Terrier, and changed it to Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier. The dogs were first presented at breed shows in their natural coats, only to receive derisive comments that they looked like “walking haystacks”. It was consequently decided to “top and tidy” their coats into the trim now seen in the show ring. The Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier did not gain recognition in North America until the 1970s.

Personality Quieter than many smaller terriers, the Wheaten is enthusiastic and Medium length, straight soft outercoat. Soft Personality Because he was bred to be a obedient. He loves kids, though his energetic household pet, the Silky Terrier is affectionate, dense undercoat. All colours from black to white. nature makes him a better match for older playful and friendly, though he isn’t known as Various markings on the head are common. children. He bonds strongly to his family and a lapdog. He’s intelligent, alert, curious and makes a good watchdog. Quick Facts lively, can occasionally be mischievous and Exercise Requirements vocal, and may get into trouble if left on his Appearance 17-20” (43-49 cm) Grooming 35-45 lb (16-27 kg) own too long. The Silky is good with kids, but doesn’t like to be teased. Soft, silky, waved or curly abundant coat. Any ON shade of wheaten. Okiok Reg’d, Carol Lindsay. Quality pups, Appearance 9-10” (23-25 cm) adults. Colour choices. Over 50 years selectively breeding intelligent companions to put love

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Quick Facts Coat is long, flat, lustrous, fine and silky (hence Exercise Requirements Grooming the name), with a topknot. Blue with tan markings. ON 8-10 lb (3.5-4.5 kg)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Maple Leaf Silky Terrier Club, Meredith Reeve. (250) 655-6752; mlstc@silkyterrier-canada.org; www.silkyterrier-canada.org

Doghill Wheatens Reg’d, Susan & Stephen Collins. Home-raised, happy, well-mannered and socialized puppies available occasionally to approved homes. Thorough testing and selective breeding for health and temperament. Three year written health guarantee. Visitors welcome. 8 Shire Court, Carlisle ON L0R 1H2. ph/fax (905) 689 3428; doghillwheatens@cogeco.ca McCartney Ron, Ultrasound Reg’d. Happy, healthy well-socialized puppies. Focused on Health


Rathdrum Wheatens, Maureen Marinelli. Happy, home-raised puppies from champion European lines noted for health. Breeding on a small, select scale. Thorough health testing of parents and pups. Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON L0S 1J0. (905) 327-7722; rathdrum@yahoo.ca; www.rathdrumwheatens.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left and our advertisement in Breeder Spotlight)

Because he was both an excellent family dog and useful hunter’s companion, the Cocker Spaniel’s popularity soared. As demand increased, many unscrupulous breeders sprung up and the breed suffered from temperamental and constitutional problems. Dedicated breeders worked to promote and maintain sound breeding practices, preserving a true breed type and temperament. The breed remains popular to this day.

Valoriel Perm Reg’d, Heather Baulk-Smith. Breeding for gentle temperament and sound health. Quality home raised puppies available for adoption from parents who are thoroughly health screened. Written health guarantee. All pups are well socialized, CKC registered and come with puppy books and years of breeder support. Raising Wheatens for over 25 years. Palmerston, ON. (519) 343-3918; cavy@wightman.ca; http:// valoriel.weebly.com/index.html

Personality A well bred American Cocker Spaniel has a sweet easy-going temperament. He is happy, trusting and intelligent, easy to train and good at a range of dog sports like agility, flyball and obedience. He is big enough to enjoy long walks, swims and hikes, yet small enough to be portable when travelling. After enjoying some exercise, the American Cocker Spaniel is happy to sit back and relax.

Wheat n’ Honey Reg’d, Donna Smith. Selectively bred for great health, conformation and temperament. CKC registered, homeraised puppies from health-screened, champion lines. Well-socialized, healthy, companion puppies available occasionally to approved homes. Written health guarantee. Please call to arrange a visit. Elmira, ON; (519) 669-1007; wheat.n.honey@gmail.com; www.wheat-nhoney.com Witthaven Wheatens, Reg’d, Natascha Witt. Limited number of healthy, well socialized and beautiful puppies! Born in our home from champion bloodlines. Health testing and guarantee, comprehensive puppy package, lifelong support. Irish and North American coat types. Visit www.witthaven.weebly. com or find us on Facebook. (226) 747-3216; witthaven1@gmail.com

Appearance 13-15” (33-38 cm) 15-30 lb (7-14 kg) Medium length, silky, flat or wavy outercoat. Undercoat adequate for protection. Ears, chest, abdomen, legs well feathered. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming BC Aladdin Reg’d, Carol Edwards. Breeder of quality black, black/tan and buff American Cocker Spaniels for Show, Performance or Pet homes. All breeding dogs are health tested OFA hips, patellas, and eyes. Located in Coldstream, BC (250) 545-5269; spaniels@telus.net; aladdinacs.net

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Calowa Kennels, Lorraine Smith. Beachville, ON. (519) 423-6049; www.calowakennels.com

History When Cocker Spaniels were imported to North America from England, breeders began to select for a different type of dog, choosing smaller animals with more leg and a shorter body. By the 1930s, the two breed types

SPANIEL (BRITTANY)

History Developed in the Brittany region of France, the first Brittany dogs were recorded in the town of Pontou in the mid-1800s, and were used for hunting and retrieving birds. Small and naturally bobtailed, the Brittany’s stocky compact frame and vigorous hunting ability made him one of the most popular hunting dogs in France. The breed type wasn’t settled until 1908. In spite of being called a “spaniel”, the Brittany functions more like a small setter or pointer. Indeed, the AKC has removed “spaniel” from the breed’s name. When the Brittany Spaniel came to North America in the 1930s, hunters preferred a lighter-bodied dog with a longer leg. Over time, American and French breeding stock differed enough in shape and hunting style that some clubs now separate the two and consider them different breeds. American Brittany Spaniels are discouraged from having the black colouring acceptable in French Brittanys.

Personality An excellent hunter who loves the outdoors, the Brittany Spaniel is a delightful fellow, quite happy to relax once his work is done. He settles in well with family activities, and loves to be around his people. With a keen mind and desire to please, the Brittany Spaniel is easy to train. He is a happy ON dog who is always ready to have fun and be Brinlook Reg’d, Doug or Janet. American Cocker part of his people’s lives.

Spaniels. All colours but chocolate. Home raised. Top quality, long history of cockers. Puppies available occasionally. Aylmer, ON. N5H 3E8 (Box 405), (519) 773-2428.

SPANIEL (AMERICAN COCKER)

Spaniel (Brittany)

had become so different they were split. The original type was called the English Cocker Spaniel, and the new one the American Cocker Spaniel (or just Cocker Spaniel in the US).

CASA Reg’d, Cathy Sager. Breeder of adorable black, black/tan, chocolate or buff puppies. Proud of our excellent quality and temperament. Home raised with lots of love. (519) 449-5345, cathy. sager@sympatico.ca; www.casakennels.ca Countrydream’s Reg’d, Cindy Bousfield. Well socialized puppies and adults, health and temperament guaranteed, SLT yearly. Selectively bred, Champion bloodlines from American/ Canadian lines. Home raised puppies with love. 244 Meadows Rd, Cayuga, ON N0A 1E0 (905) 772-3538; bousfield@xplornet.com, countrydreamscockers.com

Appearance 17.5-20.5” (44-52 cm) 30-40 lb (13-19 kg) Dense, flat or wavy coat. Feathering. Liver and white, orange and white, tricolour (liver and white with orange markings). Markings may be clear or roan. May have ticking. French lines may be black and white. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

PUREBRED

Testing and Temperament. To approved homes only. Breeder of CKC registered Purebred dogs for 40 years. Reasonable prices. RR 4, Owen Sound, ON N4K 5N6. (519) 794-3456; ultrasoundkennel@ gmail.com

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Spaniel (Clumber)

SPANIEL (CLUMBER)

mentorship throughout the puppies life. (780) 237-1160; tricklecreekclumbers@gmail.com; www.tricklecreekclumberspaniels.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left)

SPANIEL (ENGLISH COCKER)

Can GCh Arg GCh Br Ch Pr Ch Tricklecreek On the Rocks “JD”. Bred/Owned by Shannon Van Norman, Tricklecreek Clumber Spaniels Perm. Reg’d

History There are several theories about the origins of the Clumber Spaniel, but what we know for certain is that this breed was popular amongst 18th Century English nobility. The Clumber Spaniel was imported either from Spain or from France, and became a favourite of princes, kings, and dukes as a game fowl hunter. The breed earned its name from Clumber Park, which was an estate owned by the English Duke of Newcastle who was quite fond of this Spaniel. Some early ancestors of the Clumber may have been the Basset Hound and the Alpine Spaniel.

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Personality Slow but steady wins the race. The Clumber Spaniel is a good family dog who has good endurance, but likes to take his time. He spreads out his stamina rather than maintaining a high level of energy. This breed is sweet, affectionate, and mellow and is content to stroll along or lounge with his family. He also loves to swim, and his retriever instincts make him great at playing fetch. Bred to be a working and sporting dog, the Clumber Spaniel is happiest when he is enjoying the great outdoors. He sometimes may require socialization training with strangers because he can be protective but his intelligence and mild manners makes all training easy. He responds especially well to a gentle approach.

Am.Can.BIS.BISS.Grand Champion Nonnies No Doubt Top winning male English Cocker in the USA 20112013. Best In Show, Westminster & American Spaniel Club breed wins. Bred/owned by Vickie Umpleby Nonnies Cockers, Tottenham Ontario

History Described in 1677 as dogs with “active feet, wanton tail, and busy nostrils”, the term “spaniel” became a common name for birdhunting dogs originating in Spain. These avid hunters spread across Europe. By 1800, spaniels had been divided into land and water spaniels, with their specific names deriving from their jobs. At first, many types might be born from the same litter, and were selected by size. The smallest were called Cocker Spaniels for their ability to hunt small fowl such as woodcock. The breed type was not set until the late 1800s. The Cocker Spaniel came to North America in the 1870s. While breeders continued to select for sporting ability, over time some chose to breed for a smaller shorter-legged type, while others chose to maintain the British type. Eventually, the two styles of Cocker Spaniel were so differentiated that separate registries were required by 1940. Breeders of English Cocker Spaniels selected for taller lighter-coated dogs that retain their hunting instincts.

ON Nonnies Perm Reg’d, Vickie & Dave Umpleby. Breeding top quality English Cocker Spaniels since 1997 including many top winning show champions in Canada and the USA. Our dogs also excel in obedience and agility and as medical alert service dogs and make wonderful family pets. Beautiful dogs with wonderful personalities, excellent health and intelligence. Home raised puppies with written guarantee. (905) 936-5399; www.nonniescockers.ca (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left) NS Bluestone English Cockers Reg’d, We breed for health, temperament and soundness. They are great family dogs and are wonderful with children and other family pets. They have an active, merry personality with a willingness to please. English Cockers add so much joy to your life. (902) 489-2215; cindy.baker@bellaliant.net; www.bluestonekennel.weebly.com

SPANIEL (ENGLISH SPRINGER)

History Early spaniels were named according to their size and the jobs they did. The smallest were Cocker Spaniels, mid-sized were Field Spaniels, and the largest were Springer Spaniels. All three sizes could be born in the same litters, and sometimes dogs would change types as they outgrew their old standards. This proved confusing at times, and in the late 1800s Appearance 17-20” (43-51 cm) the three types were separated and 55-85 lb (25-38.5 kg) Personality Happy and easy to get along with, interbreeding banned. the English Cocker Spaniel loves to do just about The English Springer Spaniel was officially Medium-length coat is silky, straight, and dense. anything with his owner. Whether it’s going for named a breed in 1902. Breeders brought Well-feathered around legs and chest. Primarily a long walk or taking a bath, he’s happy as long it to North America in 1907, where it faced white with orange or lemon markings. Freckles as his person is there. He likes to retrieve and difficult competition with pre-existing pointers are common. is a quick study. Many English Cocker Spaniels and setters. Interest in the breed increased in excel in dog sports and games like obedience, 1922 when the English Springer Spaniel Field Quick Facts rally, agility and flyball. Exercise Requirements Trial Association was founded. Over time, a Grooming division between field-bred and show-bred lines Appearance 15-17” (38-43 cm) developed; stronger working instincts and more 26-34 lb (12-16 kg) AB white coverage are typical of working lines. Tricklecreek Perm. Reg’d, Shannon Van Medium-length, flat or slightly wavy, silky double Norman. Tricklecreek Clumber Spaniels are coat. Well feathered. Various colours including: Personality Thanks to their similar heritage, from Champion bloodlines and bred for black, red, liver, golden, black and tan, tricolour, the English Springer Spaniel is much like the temperament, health and to the breed standard. blue roan, liver roan, red roan, orange roan or English Cocker Spaniel in personality. He is happy and easy-going, a quick learner, and Our puppies come with a comprehensive lemon roan. deeply bonded to his family. He loves to swim information package, first set of vaccines, and play, and is sure to end up wet if a pond or veterinarian health checked, complete evaluation Quick Facts puddle can be found. With regular exercise, the for temperament, structure and movement and Exercise Requirements Grooming Springer is ready to relax at home, enjoying a 152

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SPANIEL (IRISH WATER)

AB Keypoint Reg’d, Robert & Jeanine Jorgensen. Our dogs are home raised to be your next show ring champion, performance partner or couch companion. All breeding stock is fully health tested, puppies occasionally. Stud Service to approved ladies only. All our dogs come with a 3 year health guarantee and lifetime support from us. We carefully select our puppy homes as we only want the best for them! (780) 298-4290; keypointess@hotmail.com; www. keypointkennel.weebly.com Synergenic English Springer Spaniels, Ron & Gail Chapman. Humanely raised pups with full tails and phalanged dewclaws left natural. The focus of 30 plus years of breeding has been for workability; show, field, obedience, agility and therapy dogs. All stock is Hip/Elbow/ Heart and Eye OFA’d clear. Puppies home-raised. 8 year written health guarantee against disabling hereditary diseases. Members of ESSCC, WRESSAA, ESSFTA. Also, SPCA (2012) inspected breeders and two time Pedigree Breeders of the year. Puppies available occasionally to approved homes. Calgary, AB T2J 6H8 (403) 860-9292; synergy@telus.net; http://gillianchapman.com/ restaurant/welcome/ ON Nanjay Perm Reg’d, Nanci J Footitt. Since 1976... Where quality extends beyond the show ring... A small, select kennel celebrating over 40 years with this wonderful breed. Thoughtfully breeding English Springer Spaniels for temperament, soundness, quality and dependability. All breeding stock eyes, hearts, thyroids, patellas, elbows and hips certified OFA normal by board-certified specialists. All adults and puppies PRA-DNA tested. Sweet, socialized puppies are raised in a family home (underfoot and over-loved) and are occasionally available for the discriminating buyer. Written guarantees. Reservations suggested. Multiple recipient of Pedigree/CKC Top Breeder Award. 4255 Castlemore Road Brampton, Ontario L6P 0X1. (905) 794-1022; email: nan@nanjay.com; website: www.nanjay.com Ruskate Reg’d, Bonnie Bristow. English Springer Spaniels - Since 1989 - TemperamentPlus, Show/Companion Quality puppies - With Classic Springer Style - Written Guarantee Black and white, and liver and white raised with

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History Like English Cocker and English Springer Spaniels, the Welsh Springer Spaniel comes from mixed birding-bred spaniel stock common to Europe in the 15th to 19th centuries. During this time, all spaniel types were interbred, with preference given to History Water spaniels have been used in hunting ability over breed type. When litters Ireland for centuries to retrieve waterfowl arrived, puppies would be separated by size felled by hunters. In the 1930s, Irishman and type. In Wales, smaller dogs with Justin McCarthy bred his dog Boatswain, a characteristic deep red and white colouring, a typical southern Irish Water Spaniel, in what more tapered head and smaller ears were was either an effort to resurrect a dying breed called Welsh Springers. that had existed since the early 16th century, In the late 1800s, various types of English or create a new breed of Irish Water Spaniel, spaniel were separated and interbreeding was utilizing a variety of bloodlines he kept secret forbidden. Over time, each breed became all his life. Likely prospects for this breeding unique. By 1906, the Welsh Springer Spaniel program included Poodle/Barbet type dogs was officially recognized. The breed came to and Portuguese Water Dogs. The resulting North America in the early 1900s, but didn’t breed remained remarkably true to type, and catch on and was virtually extinct by the end of the Second World War. Breed fanciers imported completely distinct from other dogs. fresh bloodlines and brought the Welsh Springer The Irish Water Spaniel is an excellent Spaniel back to sustainable numbers. waterfowl hunter, with fanciers in both his native Personality A lovely mix between hunting dog Ireland and North America. With a unique and couch potato, the Welsh Springer Spaniel water-resistant coat that keeps him warm even is equally happy working or relaxing at home. in the coldest conditions, and webbed toes that Because he was bred as a birding dog, his allow him to swim with great efficiency, he is a hunting instincts are excellent. Outdoors he’s true water dog. Although not highly popular, he a tireless explorer. He is easy to train and very has a strong following as a proficient hunter and attached to his people, though without good fun-loving friend. socialization he can be shy of strangers. Personality He’s full of clownish antics, so training the young Irish Water Spaniel may seem an exercise in futility. As he matures, however, he shows an amazing retention for lessons he showed no signs of learning in his youth. Though somewhat reserved with strangers, he’s boldly affectionate to those he cares about most. Bred to work long hours in cold, sometimes miserable conditions, the Irish Water Spaniel benefits from plenty of exercise rain or shine, and never hesitates to jump into the nearest pond or puddle. Appearance 20-24” (51-61 cm) 45-65 lb (20-30 kg) Double coat with abundant hair falling in tight, crisp ringlets or waves. Solid liver. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Spaniel (Welsh Springer)

Medium-length, straight water-resistant outercoat. Short, soft dense undercoat. Moderate feathering. Black and white, liver and white, tricolour (liver or black and white with tan), blue or liver roan.

bonniebristow@sympatico.ca; http://ruskatekennels.com; https://www.facebook.com/ Ruskate-Registered-Kennels-375095725889757/

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Appearance 19-20” (48-51 cm) 40-50 lb (18-23 kg)

SPANIEL (WELSH SPRINGER)

Appearance 17-19” (43-49 cm) 35-45 lb (16-21 kg) Straight, flat, soft weatherproof coat. Moderate feathering. Rich red and white colouring. Any pattern is acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Shore ‘N Cliff Welsh Springer Spaniels, Bruce & Nola Stigings. Home-raised and fieldbred Welsh Springer Spaniels. Bred from US& European championship bloodlines. Superb pets and amazing field dogs that flush birds. Contact us to reserve a puppy from an upcoming litter. Red Deer County. (403) 227-4632; bnstigings@ live.ca; www.springerspanieldogs.ca

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comfy snooze on his bed. Because of his deep lots of TLC on fresh country sunshine. Like us family bond, the English Springer Spaniel does on Facebook. 8667 10th Line Essa Township, not like to be left alone at home. RR#2, Barrie, Ontario, L4M 4S4 (705) 733-5768;


ON Upland Creek Reg’d, Lawrence & Mary Labatt. Home-raised and field bred Welsh Springer Spaniels. Bred from UK and European championship blood lines. Superb pets, amazing field dogs that hold birds before flushing. RR 1, Concession 8, ENR, Clear Creek, ON N0E 1C0. (519) 586-8514; labatt@xplornet.com, www.uplandcreek.com (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight)

PUREBRED

SPINONE ITALIANO

Coat can be flat, slightly crimped or wiry, and is tough and dense. Distinguished beard and moustache. Colours include white, white with brown or orange markings, brown roan, and brown roan with brown markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

ST. BERNARD

History The Hospice du Grand St. Bernard of Switzerland is home to the St. Bernard dog. Named for Bernard of Menthon, an Augustine Monk who established the monastery some 1,000 years ago as a rest point for travellers, the St. Bernard started out as a draft and guard dog in the 1600s. These large dogs were exceptional rescuers, scenting trapped travelers under several feet of snow.

A combination of inbreeding, loss and disease led to the near extinction of the breed by 1830. In an effort to save it, the monks brought in other breeds like the Newfoundland, resulting in a larger and longer-coated variety of St. Bernard. Because dogs with long coats became weighted down with snow, the monks gave away their longer-haired puppies. The first breeding of St. Bernards outside the monastery began in History The Spinone Italiano, or Italian 1855 in Switzerland, and produced both long Pointer, is an ancient hunting breed popular in and short-haired puppies. Today, there are three Italy during the 16th and 17th centuries. His breed standards: a modified version of the 1884 great appeal even earned him a spot in Italian standard used in the United States, the English frescoes and paintings. As a gundog, the Spinone standard, and a much revised Swiss standard was a cautious and discreet hunter, famous for developed in 1993. his excellent nose and ability to endure harsh Personality Big, friendly and patient with climates and terrains. Today, the Spinone is a children, the St. Bernard is truly a people versatile hunter, retriever and companion dog dog. Though he can be aloof with strangers, who enjoys a variety of sports and activities. particularly if not socialized, he generally loves Personality The Spinone Italiano lives up everyone equally. As with all big dogs, early to his reputation as a reliable and noble dog. training is important when he is young as he This all-purpose breed is loyal, friendly, and grows quickly. intelligent and is good with children and other Appearance 26-36” (65-90 cm) animals. The Spinone can be both playful and 120-200 lb (55-91 kg) docile, and is happiest when spending time with Shorthaired: coarse, smooth, dense close-lying his family. People of all ages are drawn to his outercoat; profuse undercoat. Longhaired: unique appearance and many comment on his medium-length, plain to slightly wavy outercoat; profuse undercoat. Neck ruff. Red and white in soft, almost human-like eyes. various shades of red and varying amounts of each colour, brindle and white. White markings. 154

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Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Shorthaired Longhaired BC Simplysaints Reg’d, Lana Smith. Quality dogs, raised on our farm in a family environment. Show quality and companion dogs available. Health guarantee. Happy, loyal and loving puppies. Approved homes only. 13500 Hwy 97 South, Prince George, BC V2N 6B5. (250) 301-1281; lana-smith@live.ca ON Nerthus Perm Reg’d, Casey Koeppe & Tibbie Clark. Stud service available. Stunning pups of both coat types for show or house pet. Strong blood lines and excellent temperaments. Written health guarantee. 40 plus years experience breeding Saint Bernard’s. (519) 272-8913; nerthustriple7@gmail.com; www. nerthuskennels.net

STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIER

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

NS Long Lane Welsh Springers Reg’d. is a small kennel located in the Annapolis Valley in NS, where my dogs live in my home and are shown in AKC and CKC conformation, occasionally obedience and rally. We show mainly in the Atlantic provinces and the US East Coast. My main focus is breeding healthy and happy Welsh Springers that make excellent family companions (as well as show dogs, hunting dogs, or perfomance dogs as requested). My breeding line consists of health tested champions (AKC & CKC) that meets the breed standards. (902) 698-7668; btrofanenko@gmail.com; www.longlanewelsh.com

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Spaniel (Welsh Springer)

Appearance Height: 22-27.5” (56-70 cm) Weight: 62-86 lb (28-39 kg)

History Staffordshire Bull Terriers have a long history as fighting dogs, starting in Roman times. By crossing large Mastiffs with Terriers, a smaller yet brave and fierce dog was produced that could manage bulls for butchers or hold wild boar or bear for hunters. Because of their strength and ferocity, these dogs were a favourite of bull- and bear-baiting rings. When these sports were outlawed in 1835, the new blood sport of dog fighting rose to popularity, and the breed continued successful thanks to his ability to take down dogs of all sizes. When dog fighting was banned in the 1930s, Joseph Dunn preserved the breed, renaming it the Staffordshire Bull Terrier to separate it from the Bull Terrier. His fighting days over, he was selected by breeders for good temperament, and the breed continued to be popular among the working classes. Most Staffordshire Bull Terriers in North America didn’t arrive until after the Second World War. The breed wasn’t recognized in Canada until 1952. Personality Gentle and playful, few would guess at the Staffordshire Bull Terrier’s past. He adores his family, especially the children,


becoming overprotective as he matures. His Quick Facts even temperament makes him a pleasure to Exercise Requirements be around, and he is good with other pets and Grooming children as long as he is properly socialized.

Appearance 14-16” (35-41 cm) 24-38 lb (11-17 kg)

Appearance 12-14” (30-36 cm) 20-35 lb (9-16 kg)

Short, smooth, close coat. Red, fawn, white, black, blue, brindle, may be mixed with white.

Medium-length, harsh, tight water-repellent outercoat. Wooly, soft dense undercoat. Steel grey, greyish brown, reddish yellow, reddish brown, black sable with lighter shading. May have white markings.

ON Barkey Sylvia, Rolona Reg’d. Breeder of the most-titled Stafford in the world. Rolona has been producing winners both in the show ring and more importantly in family homes since 1976. Toad Hall, RR 6, Claremont, ON L1Y 1A3. (905) 649-3718; email: sybarkey@gmail.com

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

TIBETAN MASTIFF

SWEDISH VALLHUND

History The Tibetan Mastiff is the consummate guardian – the protector of his family, home and livestock. These dogs are famous for their role as sentinels of Tibetan monasteries. During Marco Polo’s 13th century explorations, he recorded seeing “dogs as big as donkeys”. It is this sturdy, ancient breed that engendered the History The origins of the Swedish Vallhund Newfoundland, the Great Pyrenees, the are uncertain. The breed is similar to the Dogue de Bordeaux and the Great Dane. In Pembroke Welsh Corgi, and some theories the late 1800s, Queen Victoria received a suggest it was brought to Wales by marauding Tibetan Mastiff as a gift. Vikings and became the foundation of the Corgi breed. Others believe Corgis came first, The Dalai Lama presented a pair of them and that they were brought back to to U.S. President Eisenhower in the 1950s, Scandinavia to become the progenitors of the and the breed finally got established in North Vallhund. Whatever his origin, the Swedish America in the 1970s. Vallhund was a hardworking multipurpose Personality The Tibetan Mastiff displays farm dog in Sweden, and an adept drover, affection only to his family since his role is ratter and watchdog. to protect. He is intelligent and independent. The puppies are quite playful so this is the perfect time to socialize them. The Tibetan Mastiff is powerful, and while he does not require rigorous exercise, he does need “purpose” and room to romp. A fenced yard is a must – ideally in a rural setting, as he can be a nocturnal barker. The Tibetan Mastiff suits a confident, informed person or family who appreciates his time-honoured role as Personality A natural showoff, the cheerful defender of those he loves. Vallhund is happy to be alive, and doesn’t Appearance 24-26” (61-66 cm) 75-160 lb (34-72.5 kg) hesitate to tell you. He is clever and takes to training quickly. Early socialization is Weather-resistant, double coat. Black, black and important to keep the Swedish Vallhund from tan, or golden. In the 1930s, the Vallhund might have died out if not for Karl-Gustav Zettersten and Count Björn von Rosen, who worked together gathering what dogs they could find to rebuild the breed. The breed was officially recognized in 1948. The Vallhund dog arrived in North America in the late 1980s. The breed is known as Västgötaspets in Sweden, named for the province of Västergötland.

History The Tibetan Spaniel is not a true spaniel but shares ancestry with other Oriental lap dogs such as Pekingese, Shih Tzu and Lhasa Apso. Tibetan monks kept them as watchdogs and companions. Legend suggests Tibetan Spaniels were trained to turn the monks’ prayer wheels. Considered lucky, the dogs were never sold, and very rarely given as gifts. Though one or two may have left the monasteries before the 20th century, the first Tibetan Spaniels to come to Great Britain and catch the public’s eye were brought by medical missionaries in the 1920s. Plainer than other types of lap dog, they didn’t gain much of a following at first. But interest grew in England after the Second World War, when they became firmly established as show dogs and pets. Tibetan Spaniels came to North America in the mid-1960s and were finally recognized in 1983. Personality A born watchdog, the Tibetan Spaniel loves to find a high place to watch for strangers and warn his family. He is very attached to his owners, but at the same time independent in nature. Playful and very intelligent, the Tibetan Spaniel gets much of his exercise playing games with his people. Lots of socialization is important to accustom him to different people and places. Appearance 10” (25 cm) 9-15 lb (4-7 kg) Silky outercoat. Fine dense undercoat. All colours and combinations acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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Staffordshire Bull Terrier Club of Canada. clandara.dineley1@gmail.com; www.staffordcanada.com

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

TIBETAN SPANIEL

Tibetan Spaniel

and has even been nicknamed the “Nanny Dog”. Quite intelligent, he is very capable of learning tricks. Early socialization is beneficial, particularly with other dogs and animals.

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History This storied breed originated in the Lost Valley of Tibet. Considered a holy dog that bestowed good fortune, the Tibetan Terrier was not to be sold, only presented as a gift. This breed is not a terrier, however. Descending from the ancient North Kunlun Mountain Dog and Inner Mongolian Dog, the Tibetan Terrier was a robust herder of sheep; perhaps his size and agility suggested a terrier bloodline. As well as herding, this breed provided protection and companionship for Tibetan monks.

History The Toy Fox Terrier is a North American darling. The breed originated in the U.S., when breeders crossed the Smooth Fox Terrier with various toy breeds, including the Chihuahua, Miniature Pinscher, and Manchester Terrier. The resulting breed retained the game instincts of the terrier and the more mellow characteristics and smaller size of the toy breeds.

It was the Dalai Lama who presented a Western doctor with some “TTs”, and along with other pups she’d received from a patient, Dr. Agnes Grieg established a kennel in her native England. There, the Tibetan Terrier was formally recognized in 1937. In North America, the Tibetan Terrier gained notice in the 1970s. They likely contributed to other Tibetan breeds that enjoy popularity today, namely the Lhasa Apso and the Shih Tzu. Personality The Tibetan Terrier is a quick, intelligent student, so stimulating training keeps him from getting bored. Good with children, cheerful and loyal, he makes as fine a companion in a city condo as he does in the countryside. Naturally protective, he likes to bark, but less so than most true terriers.

Personality The blend of toy and terrier breeds makes the Toy Fox Terrier a wellrounded dog. This little lap dog has the devotion and affection of the toy breeds and the athletic hunting instincts of the terriers. Highly energetic and intelligent, this dog easily masters tricks and loves to entertain. Toy Fox Terriers are very social and love to spend time engaging in activities with their families. Their independent streaks mean they can be finicky, but it also means they have distinct and unique personalities. Toy Fox Terriers are very wellsuited to high agility sports, such as Frisbee and flyball. Their size and friendly temperament make them good travelling companions.

ON Loving Angels Reg’d, Joan Hamel. Puppies and adults are home raised and also entered into public educational and competitive venues. Planned breedings focus on health and personality. Test results and health certificates provided. Puppies receive early training, also carrier training. Companion & show quality to approved homes. Advice available to purchasers & CKC registered breeder assistance available. References available. Inquiries welcomed. Worldwide shipping available. 27-1300 King Street #281, Oshawa, ON L1H 8J4. (905) 725-2637

VIZSLA (SMOOTH)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

TOY FOX TERRIER

Photo: Loving Angels Reg’d

Tibetan Terrier

TIBETAN TERRIER

History The Vizsla is one the oldest sporting and birding dogs – the breed has been documented as early as the mid-13th century. Used by the nomadic Magyar tribes of the Russian Steppes, the Vizsla is a hunter, pointer and retriever rolled into one. Over the centuries, various hounds and pointers were added to the foundation Vizsla stock. Vizslas were companions to early Hungarian warlords, barons and kings.

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This aristocratic connection made the Vizsla a target during the many upheavals that ripped across Hungary, and the breed nearly became extinct after World War II. Several fleeing Short, flat coat that requires little grooming. aristocrats smuggled their precious dogs and Slight neck ruff. Coat is usually glossy and pedigree records out of the country. Modern predominately white. Tricolour (black, tan, Vizslas are descended from these refugees, white or chocolate, tan, white), as well as white who were established in kennels in Europe and Appearance 14-16” (34-41 cm) and tan or white and black blends. Can also be North America. In 1987, a Vizsla captured 18-30 lb (8-13.5 kg) the first triple American championship for all white. Erect, pointed ears. Thick, long outer coat in any colour or conformation, field trial and obedience. Quick Facts combination of colours. The nose must be black. Personality Naturally energetic, the noble Exercise Requirements Large, round feet act as winter “snowshoes”. Vizsla is a hunter at heart, and requires lots of Grooming exercise to keep happy. He gets along with other Quick Facts dogs and animals, and can be excellent with Exercise Requirements AB Grooming Roeders TFT’s Perm. Reg’d, Cynthia Roeder. older children. Active socialization at a young They are a very loving breed. And are very age can be beneficial.

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Appearance 8.5-11.5” (21.5-29 cm) 3.5-7 lb (1.5-3 kg)

comical. They love to be active which makes them good competitors in Agility/Rally/ Obedience and of course Confirmation. My dogs are registered with CKC/UKC/AKC. I do place adults from time to time. Do have puppies available for pet and show homes! (403) 5802577; roederstft@hotmail.com

Appearance 21-25” (53-64 cm) 44-66 lb (20-30 kg) Short, smooth, dense close-lying coat. Shades of golden rust. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


QC Akar Reg’d, Jacqueline Veillette. Home of Grand Champions and Top Canadian Vizslas. Health, temperament and structure are my priorities. Family-raised puppies available occasionally to approved homes. Champion stud service available. Quebec, QC, G1Y 1A1 (418) 658-6025; akarvizsla@gmail.com; www.akarvizsla.com

ON Echobar Reg’d, Barbara Heuman. Home raised puppies, sound temperaments, champion bloodlines, health guarantees, Show, Working & Pet Puppies occasionally available. Thirty years of Breed experience. 516243 County Rd 124, Melanchthon, ON L9V 1T9 (519) 925-0699; bheuman@sympatico.ca; www.echobarweimaraners.com

WELSH CORGI (CARDIGAN)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

WEIMARANER

Can BISS GCH AM CH Esrohollow Radsprings Tuhmater Can HT, Am RN, PT. Winner of the 2012 Canadian Cardigan Corgi Club National Specialty. Bred/Owned By Kathryn Arthur, Esrohollow Reg’d.

History With a history that may date back to 1,000 BC, the Welsh Corgi’s name probably derives from the Celtic word for dog, “corgi”. History A truly exclusive breed, the Weimaraner Others believe the name comes from a was created by the Grand Duke Karl August of combination of “cor” (dwarf) and “gi” (dog). Weimar, Germany, as an all-purpose gun dog for Corgi were used as cattle dogs. They herded the nobility. Perfected around 1810, the breed cows with a technique called heeling; their was a closely guarded treasure, with breeding and short stature allowed them to nip at the cows’ ownership strictly protected. The Weimaraner heels without being kicked. was recognized in Germany in 1896, and its breed club formed a year later. Ownership was The Welsh Corgi comes in two types: the Cardigan (long-tailed) and the Pembroke restricted to club members. (tailless). Cardigan Welsh Corgis are stockier In the 1920s, American Howard Knight and longer than the Pembroke type. The became a member of the club and brought a Cardigan also has larger rounder ears and breeding pair to the U.S. The breed continued comes in a wider range of acceptable colours. exclusive until the 1940s, when its skill as a gun dog brought it to the public’s eye. Modern Personality The Cardigan Welsh Corgi Weimaraners continue to be excellent athletes is an intelligent dog who is easy to train and with many top dogs having championships in loves to have a job. He is devoted to his family, and loves to spend time with them as much both the show ring and the field. as possible. Early socialization helps him deal Personality Quick to learn, the Weimaraner with unfamiliar situations and makes him safe is an energetic dog who can handle many with children. Cardigan Welsh Corgis do well situations. He is friendly, obedient and in a variety of living situations, as long as they affectionate with his family. As an athlete, get adequate exercise and attention. nothing makes him happier than lots of exercise and attention from his people. The Weimaraner Appearance 10-13” (27-32 cm) 25-38 lb (11-17 kg) makes a loving and enjoyable companion.

Bluetrix Reg’d, Lore Lee Bruder. Bluetrix Cardigan’s home raised on the edge of the Rocky’s. No kennels, few dogs, one breed, only occasional breedings! These are performance dogs that win in the ring. Temperament and health comes first. Active national club member, breeder, competitor 20 years. Chatting welcome! cardiganlore@gmail. com; www.bluetrixcardigan.ca ON Esrohollow Reg’d, Kathryn Arthur. Breeding quality dogs raised underfoot as part of the family. Home of CKC and AKC Champions, Grand Champions, Herding and Rally-O titled dogs Inquiries about the breed welcomed. 5263 Line 10, RR 1, St Marys, ON N4X 1C4 (519) 229-6138; esrohollow@quadro.net; www.esrohollow.com. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left) YT Welgem Reg’d, Al & Lynn Alcock. Healthy and hardy Cardigans from the North. Whether it is tracking, flyball, therapy, hoof and woof, agility, obedience, conformation, rally-o or just plain fun, our Cardigan’s do it all with zest and vigor. Championship Lines. PO Box 20612, Whitehorse, YT Y1A 7A4. (867) 633-3758; fax (867) 633-4843; alalcock@northwestel.net; www.welgem.com

WELSH CORGI (PEMBROKE)

History Theories about the origin of Welsh Corgis abound. One suggests they might have been Vallhunds who arrived with the Vikings; another that Vallhunds descend from Corgis taken as spoils during Viking raids. Corgis were used by the Celts as cattle dogs. By nipping at the heels of cows, Corgis drove them further apart, spreading them across the countryside and helping the Welsh lay claim to larger stretches of common land. Later, traditional herding dogs were needed to keep the herd together, and the Welsh Corgi lost his job. Welsh Corgis continued as popular farm pets, though, and Queen Elizabeth II owns several,

Welsh Corgi (Pembroke) continued on next page.

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the family, hunting, and field companion, we are Canada’s only kennel to win five US National Field Championships. Our puppies, born and raised in our home, come with a five-year written health guarantee. 72 Hutchison Rd, Mallorytown ON K0E 1R0 (613) 659-4888; onpointvizslas@ outlook.com; www.onpointvizslas.com

Welsh Corgi (Pembroke)

Appearance 22-28” (57-70 cm) 55-88 lb (25-40 kg)

Short or medium-length, dense, slightly harsh weather resistant outercoat. Short, soft thick Shorthaired: short, dense and smooth. undercoat. Slight ruff. Any colour, with or Longhaired: long, flat or slightly wavy. Solid in without white markings. colour ranging from mouse-grey to silver-grey. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Onpoint Perm Reg’d, John Reid & Kimberly Grooming Shorthaired Dunn. With over 28 years of experience with AB Longhaired ON Chukar Reg’d, Ildiko & Garry Hughes. Since 1986. We pride ourselves on home-raised, well socialized, happy and healthy puppies. Fully guaranteed. Truly versatile for show, hunting or best friend. 8066 5th Line, RR 1, Angus, ON L0M 1B1. (705) 424-0502. chukarkennels@gmail.com


Welsh Corgi (Pembroke)

Appearance 15” (38 cm) 20-21 lb (9-9.5 kg) Wiry, close, abundant coat. Black-and-tan, or all descendants of a pair of puppies given by black, grizzle-and-tan coat. King George VI to his daughters. Quick Facts Personality The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is Exercise Requirements playful and affectionate, bonding closely with Grooming his people. He is an athletic dog, and enjoys long walks and the mental stimulation of WEST HIGHLAND dog sports. He is responsive and enthusiastic WHITE TERRIER about training, learning quickly and retaining what he learns. Appearance 10-12” (25-31 cm) 20-30 lb (9-13.5 kg) Longish coarse outercoat. Short, thick weatherresistant undercoat. Red, sable, fawn, or black and tan. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

WELSH SPRINGER SPANIEL -See Spaniel (Welsh Springer)

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WELSH TERRIER

Lady is a Gift. Look for Lady on CMT Canada’s Season 2 of Pick a Puppy. Bred by Bruce and Pat Martin. Owned by Jennfier Walter, A Perfect Gift Reg’d.

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2017

Milady Perm. Reg’d, Lisa Roessler-Pritchard. 30+ years’ devotion! Healthy, home-raised puppies from bloodlines noted for health and longevity. Always beloved family members. True ambassadors, award-winning conformation (multi-titled), obedience, CGC, registered therapy dogs. Written guarantee, lifetime return policy, continued breeder support and comprehensive puppy package. Occasionally adolescents/mature adults. Member CWHWTC, WHWTCA, TBAC, CKC. Delivery available. PO Box 940, Harrow (Windsor Area), ON N0R 1G0 (519) 736-9411; miladywesties@hotmail.com

WHIPPET

History One of several short-legged terriers bred in Scotland, the West Highland White Terrier, or Westie, originated some 300 years ago. Breeders selected white puppies from their litters and crossed them together to produce an all-white terrier whose colour would distinguish him from the terrain and game.

The Westie we know came from a line of white terriers bred by the Malcolm family in Poltalloch, Argyllshire. A second strain of terriers was bred by the Duke of Argyll in Roseneath. “Poltalloch Terriers” and “Roseneath Terriers” were shown together; judges favoured the Poltalloch dogs and they became the recognized breed type. History The Welsh Terrier likely inherited Colonel Malcolm came up with a new name for his bold spirit from the Old English Terrier, the breed in 1907 – the West Highland White an ancient black-and-tan dog esteemed for Terrier. Westies came to North America in hunting otter, fox and badger. From this strain, 1906, and were recognized in 1908. Welsh hunters developed a dog with longer Personality Despite his cute looks, the Westie legs and a wider girth. Early British sporting is all terrier. He is hardy and spunky, with lots of prints of the 1700s show dogs of this energy and “big dog” attitude. Like most terriers description. But in the 19th century show he is a good watch dog. The Westie is a quick ring, all Old English Terriers fell under the study and loves to learn new tricks. He does very same classification – at least until 1888 when a well in sports like agility and obedience. sturdy, long-legged dog named Dick Turpin Appearance 10-11” (25-28 cm) outshone his competitors and the Welsh 15-22 lb (7-10 kg) claimed him as one of their own. The Kennel Club concurred, and Welsh Terrier fanciers Straight, harsh outercoat. Short, soft close have Dick Turpin’s DNA to thank for the undercoat. White. handsome, whiskered gent they admire today. Quick Facts Personality Lively and curious, the Welsh Exercise Requirements Terrier thrives with an active family who enjoys Grooming sharing his energy. His eager, intelligent mind ON responds to positive, short bursts of regular A Perfect Gift Reg’d, Jennifer Walter. Breeding training. Socialization from an early age will healthy, happy Westie pups from our family to keep the Welsh Terrier well-mannered and yours. Pups are CKC registered, come with a health confident. He benefits, too, from having a guarantee and lifetime breeder support. Also, watch large, safe yard. When he is played-out, the for us on CMT Canada’s ‘Pick a Puppy’. (519) 589Welsh Terrier wants nothing more than to 8051; aperfectgift@live.ca; www.aperfectgift.biz. relax with his people. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left) 158

Cedar Creek, Laryssa Sawyer. We are located on a farm just over an hour North of Toronto. We are a small family kennel that raises our puppies in home with our children. Our dogs are on a natural diet. Puppies go to their new homes dewormed, tattooed, vet checked, first set of shots and health guarantee. 295159 8th Line, Amaranth, ON L9W 0K1 (519) 925-2827; info@cedarcreekkennels.ca; www.cedarcreekkennels.ca.

History Also known as the “poor man’s racehorse”, the Whippet’s origins stem from the sport of setting “snapdogs” after rabbit. These snapdogs were released in a small pit where they were timed to see how quickly they could dispatch several rabbits. By crossing terriers with small greyhounds, breeders produced an agile and capable dog that soon dominated the sport. When it was banned, Whippets were used in lure or “rag” racing. When Lancashire textile workers immigrated to New England in the early 1900s, they brought their Whippets, and the sport of lure coursing, with them. The Whippet can run up to 35 miles an hour. Personality Though a racing Whippet is the perfect picture of speed, he is an easy-going and relaxed individual, always ready to curl up on the couch and snuggle. He is attached to his people and gets along with children, strangers and other dogs. Outdoors, it is important to keep him in a safely enclosed area or on a leash. Appearance 17-22” (44-56 cm) 25-40 lb (11-18 kg) Short, smooth fine coat. Any colour or combination of colours is acceptable.


ON Jetstream Reg’d, Lorraine & Gary Burch. Beautiful, happy and healthy, our family raised pups are available to loving homes, by reservation. Parents health certified. CKC registered, microchipped, health guarantee, lifetime owner support. Home of Best in Show and Best in Specialty winners. CKC members since 1990; NWCC, WCEC. Nous parlons francais. PO Box 120, Carlisle, ON L0R 1H0. (905) 659-4498; info@jetstreamwhippets.com; www.jetstreamwhippets.com

AB CwnAnnwn Yorkshire Terriers Reg’d, Sandra Nicholson. Quality pet and show potential puppies available occasionally to approved homes. Excellent temperaments and health guaranteed. Bred for health, personality and conformation to CKC standard. Micro-chipped, vaccinated and vet checked. Provided with a puppy pack to ensure they start out with food, items and toys they already know and love. (780) 361-1939; inquiry@annwn.ca; www.annwn.ca

YORKSHIRE TERRIER

Int’l Multi CH Yorkhaven Get Outa Dodge “Dillon”. Bred by Catherine P. Christensen, Yorkhaven Perm. Reg’d. & Co-owned by Leandro Exterkoetter, Extershire Kennel, Brazil

History Some believe the Yorkshire Terrier is a cross of Maltese, Skye Terriers, Manchester Terriers and possibly Dandie Dinmont Terriers. Others say the documentation points to a mixture of three now-extinct breeds: the Clydesdale Terrier (a silken type of Skye Terrier), the Waterside Terrier, and the Old English Terrier (toy-size with a rough and broken coat). First known as Broken Haired Scotch Terriers, the Yorkshire Terrier acquired its current name in 1874. Yorkshire Terriers quickly gained popularity throughout England and North America. The story credited for bringing the breed into the limelight involves William Wynne and a Yorkshire Terrier he found in a shell hole near New Guinea during World War II. Wynne named the dog Smokey and backpacked with him through 12 sea rescue missions and 150 air raids. Personality Energetic and full of life, the Yorkshire Terrier is a bold and tenacious dog whose personality outweighs his tiny size. He is brave and loyal, attached to his family and prepared to defend it with his voice. Early socialization and consistent training are essential. Appearance 6-7” (15-18 cm) under 7 lb (3 kg)

Yorkhaven Perm. Reg’d, Catherine P. Christensen. Over 30yrs passionately dedicated to creating beyond gorgeous Reg’d Yorkies with oodles of confidence & cheekiness! As your next Best Friend or for the discrimiating show exhibitor. Home with my Yorkies fulltime, all effort goes into their care, development and happiness. Pedigrees full of champions from the best bloodlines = sound body & mind. Two-yr guarantee, puppy gift pack, insurance, care booklet, etc.etc.etc. Experience & education with lifetime support. Website & FB. Photo courtesy TGYTM. www.yorkhaven.ca (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left) NB Sailormade Reg’d, Lisa Barry. Saint John, NB. www.sailormadekennels.com ON Abbylane Kennels, Jane K. Home raised puppies with love, playtime, and a little bit of training. Country Home or Toronto. (647) 376-3420; www. abbylanekennels.com Adanta Reg’d. Marilyn Burleson. Champion bloodlines, beautiful, healthy, intelligent, prespoiled, quality, home-raised puppies. Health guarantee. Canadian Kennel Club Registered. 30 minutes south of Hamilton (519) 426-4638 cell (519) 860-2381; adanta@adantayorkshireterriers. com; www.adantayorksireterriers.com Judawn Reg’d, Judy Van Dusen. Home raised CKC reg. puppies from Champion bloodlines. Micro-chip, Vet. Check, Health guarantee. We breed quality not quantity. www.judawnyorkies.com. (905) 831-8885; judawn@rogers.com; www.judawnyorkies.com Muskoka Paws Reg’d, Anita Oliveira. We are a small Ma and Pa kennel where we keep our dogs as pets. We strive for quality in looks, temperament and health! Champion bloodlines. House trained (in warm weather). 4 Year health guarantee! Call Anita, Home (705) 386-0345; Cell (647) 323-0345; muskokapaws@gmail. com; award winning site www.muskokapaws. com (videos too). Muskoka Paws Kennel is also on Facebook.

Nanway’s Yorkies Reg’d, Wayne & Nancy Blackman. Home-raised quality puppies from champion bloodlines. Well-loved and socialized. CKC registered, vet checked, health guarantee. Our puppies go to their new home at 12 weeks of age after their second of three vaccinations. All puppies sold on a non-breeding contract and must be spayed or neutered. Hamilton, ON L8H 3W6. (905) 549-6258; nanway.yorkies@sympatico.ca. www.nanway-yorkies.yolasite.com

Yorkshire Terrier

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

OZ Yorkshire Terriers, Loreta Serafini. Breeding for over 25 years. Over 50 Canadian Champions, 20+ American Champions, 3x Winner of Canadian National Specialty and 1x Winner of American National Specialty. Written Health Guarantees and lifetime breeder support for puppy buyers. (905) 465-2580; ozyt@cogeco.ca (See advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

DO YOU HAVE

QUESTIONS? Qualified, experienced and reputable breeders have heard it all so they’re a great resource for your queries. Because they aim to find every puppy a “forever” home, you can count on them to be candid and honest. If you’re serious about buying one of their puppies, expect the breeder to ask you some questions, too. After all, it’s in everyone’s best interest to make sure you have the right puppy for your family.

Long, straight, silky fine coat. Steel blue and tan.

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Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


BREEDS

Rare breeds typically have breed clubs or associations and are working toward official recognition by one of Canada’s registering organizations, e.g. Canadian Kennel Club. They may be recognized by other official organizations outside of Canada.

BOLOGNESE

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

AMERICAN BULLDOG

RARE BREED

History When colonists came to North America in the 17th century, one of the dogs they brought with them was the Bulldog, commonly used for the blood sport of bullbaiting. The traits that made this breed so effective in the sport also made it highly suitable for managing the tough free-range hogs and cattle typical in the southwest. Some believe the American Bulldog remains true to the original English Bulldog that arrived off the ships, free from the changes brought to the breed in England. Others believe these dogs evolved through selective breeding and the addition of Bull Terrier bloodlines. Either way, the American Bulldog closely resembles English Bulldogs pictured in the early 1800s.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

American Bulldog

Rare

History This delightful toy breed originated in Bologna, Italy but much of the breed’s past is unknown, since it’s tangled up with the history of related breeds such as the Maltese. The dogs were generally cultivated as pets for the upper class, and presented as cherished gifts to help establish trade and good relations with European noblemen. In one well known example of this, the Duke d’Este gave two Bolognese dogs to King Philip II of Spain in the late 1500s. Pleased with his gift, the King replied “these two little dogs are the most royal gifts one can make to an emperor”.

The breed didn’t arrive in North America until the 1980s. Here, the dogs are loved for their docile personalities and are prized as Changes in technology and farming left the companions. American Bulldog nearly extinct by the end of WWII but the breed was revived by John Personality Cute and cuddly, the Bolognese D. Johnson and Allen Scott (who preferred a is a fun and loyal pet. He does need regular exercise but is fairly laid back and serious for a smaller body type). toy breed. While he will alert to strangers, he Personality A hardworking fellow, the is not a big barker and quickly warms to new American Bulldog is a brave and determined people once he gets to know them. dog who will loyally protect his family and livestock. Johnson-type dogs are larger and Appearance 9-12” (25-30 cm) 5-9 lb (2.5-4 kg) more overt guardians, while Scott-type dogs tend to be smaller and more athletically Long fluffy coat, slightly shorter on the muzzle. inclined. Both benefit from lots of socialization White in colour. and training at an early age. Quick Facts Appearance 20-27” (51-69 cm) Exercise Requirements 60-125 lb (27-57 kg) Grooming Short, close stiff coat. Any colour, pattern or combination except black, solid blue and QC BoloBabies Reg’d, Laurine Jarvis. There have tricolour. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming 160

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2017

Home raised, our pups have their vaccinations, are microchipped, are well bonded to humans and are prepared to bring pure joy to their forever families. Reservations recommended. Older pups and adults often available. Ottawa area, QC. (613) 832-4250; (819) 827-4446; laurine@BoloBabies.ca; www.BoloBabies.com

KLEINER MÜNSTERLÄNDER (AKA SMALL MÜNSTERLÄNDER)

Jago Vom Grenzwall. NAVHDA field tested. Prize 1 Natural Ability in versatility. Bred by Von Der Linde Reg’d. Owned by Ralf Bothe. RR 2, Queensville, ON. www.smallmunsterlanders.net

History The Kleiner Münsterländer Vorstehhund originated 500 years ago in Münsterländer, northwest Germany, where they were used to retrieve birds killed by falcons. Over time, as bird dogs became more specialized, the Kleiner (or Small) Münsterländer’s versatility was less valued, and the breed nearly died out. This changed when commoners were allowed to hunt freely, and a small dog that could hunt both bird and small game became an essential source of food and income. The Kleiner Münsterländers’ flexibility and aptitude for hunting made them highly valuable to their owners, who kept them close to home and family. While the breed remains rare, its recognition as a versatile and effective hunting and birding dog as well as a kind and even-tempered family pet continue to bring it a new popularity.

Personality Happy and outgoing, the Kleiner Münsterländer is an exceptional hunting dog. He been changes at Bolobabies! Visitors welcome works closely with his handler, and then happily by appointment. No strings attached! A deposit returns home to relax with his family. Eager to will hold a puppy until it’s ready to leave its dam. please, and quite intelligent, the Münsterländer is


MINIATURE AMERICAN SHEPHERD

CH. EFK Be Stella my Ach’in Heart (AKC) Bred/Owned by Shelley English, English Farm Kennels. Norwood, ON. www.englishfarmkennels.com

History To appreciate the story of the Miniature American Shepherd, it helps to remember that its Australian Shepherd forerunners were developed in the U.S., not Australia. These herding dogs tended sheep with great skill, and it was the livestock that came from “Down Under”, not the dog. In the late 1960s, some smaller-sized Australian Shepherds found their way to a California dog breeder. Doris Cordova liked their compact size, and bred more “Mini Aussies.” They worked as diligently as their larger counterparts, and the breed found favour. Miniature Australian Shepherds were registered with rare-breed organizations until 2011, when the American Kennel Club FSS (Foundation Stock Service) granted them a new name: the Miniature American Shepherd. The breed is on-track for full AKC designation as of July, 2015. Although the Miniature American Shepherd is not yet acknowledged by the Canadian Kennel Club, given the breed’s popularity, official recognition is likely not far off.

Double coat. Blue merle, red merle, solid In the 1960s a breeder named Doris Cordova black, or solid red. All colours accepted with purchased several small working Australian Shepherds. Liking their small size, she bred or without white markings and/or tan points. them together, striving for a miniature version Quick Facts that stood consistently less than 18” tall. Other Exercise Requirements breeders took a liking to the little Aussies, and Grooming Requirements by 1990 the breed had its own breed club. Today, breeders of Miniature Australian ON Shepherds consider them a unique breed, and English Farm Kennels, Shelley English. Proudly strive to maintain their working ability. breeding quality, home raised Miniature American Shepherds & Miniature Australian Shepherds. Thoughtfully bred for exceptional companions, conformation, and performance dogs. Canadian & American Champion bloodlines. Miniature American Shepherds are AKC registered, fully recognized in AKC Herding Group July 1, 2015. Extensive written health guarantee. We test for Hips (OFA or PennHip), CERF annually, and genetic test for PRA, HC, DM, & MDR1. Norwood, Ontario (705) 639-8964; englishfarmkennels@ gmail.com; www.englishfarmkennels.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left) Follow Me Aussies Reg’d, AKC & UKC Miniature American Shepherds (formally known as Mini Aussies). Health tested parents. Breeding for Show, Performance and Companions. Your well socialized and loved Puppy comes with first vaccination, microchipped and three year written health warranty. CKC & MASCAN Member. Peterborough, ON. (705) 749-4885; loka@nexicom.net; www. miniatureamericanshepherds.ca

MINIATURE AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD

BIS CH Follow Me Thee Adore My Hart HIC. Lovingly known as “Freddy.” Bred and shown by Lisa Hartjes of Follow Me Aussies. Champions producing champions. Registered MASCA, NAMASCUSA, NSDR and ASDR. Peterborough, ON. www.followmeaussies.com

Miniature Australian Shepherd

ON Von Der Linde Reg’d, Ralf Bothe. Breeder of premium Small Mu¨nsterländers. German imports of high performance breeding of the truly versatile German hunting dog. Specializing in pointing, tracking and retrieving and a great family pet! Started gun dogs available on request. NAVHDA NA tested. Training and assistance available on site. 21133 Kennedy Rd, RR 2, Queensville, ON L0G 1R0. (905) 473-9395; ralf.bothe@xplornet. com; www. smallmunsterlanders.net. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left)

History Australian Shepherds are not truly native to Australia, but when Basque shepherds immigrated there they brought their Pyrenean Shepherd dogs with them to herd Australian sheep. These dogs were crossed with other herding breeds such as the Collie and Border Collie to produce the Australian Shepherd. Eventually, in the 1840s, these shepherd dogs came to North America, where their efficient herding ability made them popular with Americans, particularly in the West.

Personality A working dog at heart, the Miniature Australian Shepherd remains an active and capable athlete who excels at sports like agility or competitive obedience. He is a smart and friendly dog who loves to please. Appearance 14-18” (35-46 cm) 20-40 lb (9-18 kg) Moderate length, straight to wavy, weather resistant outercoat and undercoat. Blue merle, red (liver) merle, solid black, solid red (liver). With or without white markings or tan (copper) points. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Emberview Toy Aussie’s. “Special things come in Small Packages”. Intelligent, hardworking, versatile, and loyal family pet, the Aussie is a real looker coming in the Toy and Mini Sizes and comes in a variety of colors from Black & Red Tri’s to Blue & Red Merles. Raised in our homes. Parents have had their genetic testing done & come with a health guarantee. Make your next adventure an “Aussie”. Contact Karyn: (519) 334-4016; rodeo@ehtel.ca; Cathy (519) 334-3825; snswhyte@hotmail. com; www.emberviewtoyaussies.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) EFK Reg’d, Shelley English. Quality, home raised puppies. Well socialized with children and other pets. Thoughtfully bred for exceptional companions, conformation, and performance dogs. Canadian & American Champion bloodlines. Extensive written health guarantee. We test for Hips (OFA or PennHip), CERF, and genetic test for PRA, HC, and MDR1. Norwood, ON. (705)-639-8964; shelleyenglish@ sympatico.ca; www.englishfarmkennels.com

Miniature Australian Shepherd continued on next page.

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quick to learn. He is successful in a variety of dog Personality Eye-catching for its size, there sports like obedience and agility. is nothing diminished about the breed’s intelligence and drive. The Miniature Appearance 20-22” (52-54 cm) American Shepherd loves to accomplish the 33-64 lb (15-29 kg) task set before him - be it herding, competing Medium-length, dense, close-lying, water at flyball, or minding the children. This loyal repellent coat. Brown-white or brown roan with family dog adapts to city or rural living, brown patches, brown mantle, or brown ticking. providing a mental and physical challenge is at hand. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Appearance 13-18” (33-46 cm) Grooming 20-31 lb (9-14 kg)


for Show, Performance and Companions. Your well socialized and loved Puppy comes with first vaccination, micro-chipped and three year written health warranty. CKC & MASCA Member. Peterborough, ON. (705) 749-4885; loka@ nexicom.net; www.followmeaussies.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement on page 161)

RUSSIAN TSVETNAYA BOLONKA

Photo: Bolobabies Reg’d

Miniature Australian Shepherd

Silky, thick, soft outercoat with dense undercoat. Dense outercoat often forming waves or curls. Long fur on both face and body, with beard and Follow Me Aussies Reg’d. Miniature and Toy moustache requires daily grooming. All colours sized Australian Shepherds. Health tested dogs except white. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming: Smooth ON BoloBabies Reg’d, Laurine Jarvis. There have been changes at Bolobabies! Visitors welcome by appointment. No strings attached! A deposit will hold a puppy until it’s ready to leave its dam. Home raised, our pups have their vaccinations, are microchipped, are well bonded to humans and are prepared to bring pure joy to their forever families. Reservations recommended. Older pups and adults often available. Ottawa, ON. (613) 832-4250; (819) 827-4446; info@ BoloBabies.ca; www.BoloBabies.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

SHILOH SHEPHERD

BIS CH Follow Me Thee Adore My Hart HIC. Lovingly known as “Freddy.” Bred and shown by Lisa Hartjes of Follow Me Aussies. Champions producing champions. Registered MASCA, NAMASCUSA, NSDR and ASDR. Peterborough, ON. www.followmeaussies.com

RARE BREED

History The true ancestry of this breed is unknown, but one common belief is that the Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka (translation – coloured lapdogs) is descended from the French Bolonka brought into Russia by Napoleon’s army and those Bichon Frises gifted to Russian nobility towards the end of the Renaissance period. When the French army retreated, the little dogs, including Bichons, Shih Tzus and long-haired Yorkshire Terriers, became the foundation stock for this breed. Russia’s utilitarian attitude toward dogs (for herding and hunting) made the toy dogs rare and prestigious. In the 1960s, post-Khrushchev, the Soviet Union loosened restrictions on dog breeding, resulting in more toy breeds.

Guardian’s Midnight Jetsetter, Selectively breeding for health and temperaments providing exceptional companions. Bred/owned by Vanessa Dutton, Guardian Kennels, Brooks, AB

History The Shiloh Shepherd is a very new breed developed by Tina Barber in the early 1970s. Having grown up around German Shepherds, Barber sought a return to the large, square-bodied physique she remembered in Germany. She set out to create her ideal dog – one who was smart, loyal and easy to train, Personality The Bolonka is a happy-go-lucky, while being strong enough to herd and guard, even-tempered dog that bonds deeply with his family but loves to be best friends with everyone and gentle enough to trust with children. She he meets, including children and other focused on both soundness of body and mind. animals. This dog’s versatile personality means Barber’s efforts were very successful, and he will eagerly participate in group activities, demand for her “new” breed of Shepherds grew. but is also content to sit on the sidelines. Often By 1990, the shepherds from her Shiloh kennel described as a “bundle of joy”, the Bolonka proved to differ enough from classic German is very affectionate and trusting, but he’s no pushover since he often thinks he’s bigger than Shepherds that she formed the International he is. Walking and playing are the Bolonka’s Shiloh Shepherd Registry and lobbied for the preferred forms of exercise, which makes these acceptance of the Shiloh Shepherd by the American Rare Breed Association. The breed dogs great for both city and country. continues to develop under Barber’s careful Appearance 9.5-10” (24-26 cm) guidance, with strict registration guidelines and 8-10 lb (3.5-4.5 kg) breed standards. 162

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Personality Bred to compete in Schutzhund trials in the morning, babysit the kids in the afternoon, and guide the blind in the evening, the Shiloh Shepherd is an intelligent dog who works hard and wants to be your best friend. He is easy to train, and can learn anything set before him. A workaholic at heart, the Shiloh Shepherd is happiest when he has a job to do, and can easily excel in as many jobs as his owner may desire. Appearance 26-32” (66-82 cm) 100-160 lb (45-73 kg) Plush: medium-coarse outercoat; soft undercoat; mane. Smooth: medium-length, dense, closelying outercoat; undercoat; mane. Golden, silver, red, dark brown, dark grey, black sable, black, white, shades of black with tan, golden tan, reddish tan, silver or cream. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Guardian Kennels, VVanessa Dutton. Following the guidelines and rules as set out by the Breed Founder. Outstanding temperaments, exceptional size and conformation. Homeraised puppies to approved homes only. Health guarantees. Shipping available. Visits to our kennel are welcomed. Early reservations on litters are recommended.. (403) 362-4381; idutton@ telusplanet.net;www.guardiankennels.ca (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) PEI MIRACLE SHILOHS, Jan DiAngelo. Beautiful puppies from Maritime Canada’s top Shiloh Shepherd breeder! Our Shilohs live indoors, and are members of our family. All puppies are lovingly home-raised. Contact us about our 2017 breeding plans! …Are you ready for a Miracle? (902) 213-5895; jan@miracleshilohs. com;www.miracleshilohs.com

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INDEX

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INDEX

WELCOME TO OUR BREEDER SPOTLIGHT! Buying a puppy is an exciting time. But it’s important to research the breed that’s right for your lifestyle and your family situation. That’s where reputable breeders can help. Unlike puppy mills, which provide substandard care for their breeding animals, and produce puppies prone to health issues, reputable breeders care deeply about their litters, and want to find the right match for you and their puppies. In this section, we turn the spotlight onto various breeders, who wish to share information on their dogs and kennels with you. The breeds are listed alphabetically, as much as possible. Please note these are advertisements paid for by the breeders and/or kennels. BARBET

LAGOTTO ROMAGNOLO

ROTTWEILER

Rover Barbets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p164 Neigenuveaux Perm Reg’d. . . . . . . . . p165

Lagotto Romagnolo of Canada . . . . p179

KJAQ Rottweilers Reg’d. . . . . . . . . . . . . . p188

CAIRN TERRIER

MASTIFF

RUSSIAN TSVETNAYA BOLONKA Bolobabies Reg’d. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p189

Magisterial Cairn Terrier Reg’d . . . . . p166

Canadian Mastiff Club . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p180 Bendegeit Mastiffs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p181

CHIHUAHUA

MINIATURE AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD

Blue Chip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p189

Bloomsbury Chihuahuas . . . . . . . . . . p167

Emberview Toy Aussie’s . . . . . . . . . . . . . p181

CHINESE CRESTED

POMERANIAN

Sassy Tails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p167

CHINESE SHAR PEI Dragonsblood Chinese Shar Pei . . . p167

GERMAN PINSCHER

Winterhaven Distinctive Pomeranians. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p181

SCHNAUZER (GIANT) Magisterial Giant Schnauzers Reg’d. . . p190

SHILOH SHEPHERD Guardian Kennels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p191

PORTUGUESE WATER DOG Belouro Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p182

SOFT-COATED WHEATEN TERRIER Rathdrum Wheatens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p192

Tri-Pinscher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p168

POODLE (STANDARD)

GERMAN SHEPHERD DOG

Magisterial Standard Poodles Reg’d . . p183 Seransil Standard Poodles . . . . . . . . . . . p184 Syquefine Standard Poodles . . . . . . . . . p184

Burgimwald German Shepherds Reg’d . . . . . . . . . p169 Committed to Canine/Lucescu Kennels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p170 Rivergreen - Shepherds . . . . . . . . . . . p171 Shiphra Shepherds . . . . . . . . . . . p172-173 Winning Ways. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p174 Lindenhof Shepherds Reg’d . . . . . . . p174 Deep Hollow Kennels . . . . . . . . . . . . . p174 Kidjuuk German Shepherds . . . . . . . p175 Guardian Angel Shepherds . . . . . . . . p175 Wild Winds German Shepherds . . . . p175

SCHNAUZER

RETRIEVER (GOLDEN) Makani Meadows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p184 Regal Goldens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p185 Blackpool Perm Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p185 Gray Valley Goldens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p186

SPANIEL (WELSH SPRINGER) Upland Creek Welsh Springer Spanials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p192

YORKSHIRE TERRIER Oz Yorkshire Terriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p193

RETRIEVER (LABRADOR) Asklar Labrador Retrievers . . . . . . . . . . . p187 Mooselake Perm Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p187

SPOTLIGHT

GREAT PYRENEES Glenire Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p175

HAVANESE Havanese Fanciers of Canada. . p176-177 Elite Havanese Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p178

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Barbet


Cairn Terrier

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Chihuahua | Chinese Cresteds | Chinese Shar-Pei


German Pinscher

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German Shepherd


German Shepherd

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German Shepherd


German Shepherd

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German Shepherd


German Shepherd

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German Shepherd | Great Pyrenees


Havanese

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Havanese


Havanese

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Lagotto Romagnolo


Mastiff

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Mastiff | Miniature Australian Shepherd | Pomeranian


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SPOTLIGHT Portuguese Water Dog


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Poodle (Standard)


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SPOTLIGHT Poodle (Standard) | Retriever (Golden)


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Retriever (Golden)


Retriever (Golden)

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Retriever (Labrador)


Rottweiler

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Russian Tsvaetnaya Bolonka | Schnauzer


Schnauzer

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Shiloh Shepherd


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SPOTLIGHT Wheaten Terrier (Soft-Coated) | Spaniel (Welsh Springer)


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Yorkshire Terrier


Yorkshire Terrier)

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ALBERTA Pawsitive Spirit Training & Wellness

Pest 2 Pet, Inc.

Debra Pearse. Our consistent, clear training based on TRUST not FEAR helps you better understand and communicate with your dog. We specialize in positive reinforcement training. Veterinarian Recommended! We teach puppy classes, obedience, agility, tricks, 4 Paw Fitness and behaviour modification - indoors, outdoors and in your own home! (705) 725-0665; pawsitivespirit@bell.net; www.PawsitiveSpirit.com

Reanne Heuston. Ultimate Puppy and Foundations classes, the perfect start for performance dogs. Obedience Refinement and Off Leash Classes. Private lessons and workshops for behaviour modification for all pets (horses included). Custom workshops and classes on various pet related topics available for vet clinics, breeders, rescues and breed clubs. (403) 669-2561; info@pest2pet.com; www.pest2pet.com

BRITISH COLUMBIA Canine Conduct Training Solutions

Trillium K-9 Obedience & Protection Training

Janet Neve. Teaching the Human End of the Leash. Learn how to connect with your dog in a respectful, gentle way. Offering classes and private lessons from puppy-hood to senior dog; specializing in solutions for the reactive dog. Jane is the original ‘Black Creek Dog Trainer’. (250) 898-3173; info@canineconduct.ca; www.canineconduct.ca

Stephen Avent. Looking for a fully obedient, happy, well adjusted dog? I offer In-home and Board-and-Train Obedience for dogs of all breeds and ages. Training in your home or mine, or choose a fully pre-trained young adult raised in my home. Breeder research, puppy selection assistance, Protection Training also available. (613) 301-7367; capitalcorso@hotmail. com; www.trilliumk9training.com

Go Dog Go! Dog Training Lynne Fedorick, CPDT-KA. Fully accredited, professional dog training, puppy classes and dog behaviour services in Comox Valley and Campbell River. Award winning dog trainer, Lynne Fedorick, CPDT-KA, CTDI uses positive, gentle and humane dog training methods and fun, easy to learn behaviour modification. BBB Accredited. (250) 792-3515; info@bcdogtrainer.blogspot.com; www.bcdogtrainer.com

Kim Peters. Practical dog training and problem solving. Dog and puppy obedience training classes in Beeton and Bolton, ON. Sport Scent Detection, Tricks classes and private lessons also available. For all of your dog’s behaviour problems, from potty training to dog aggression and everything in between. Over 30 years experience. (905) 729-0173; www.dogsbehaven.com

Pooch Partners

The Dog Nanny

Shelly Korobanik. Group fitness, obedience, learn to run program, intro to canicross, skijoring, kick sledding, weight pulling, and nose work seminars are just some of the activities at Pooch Partners that provide a great bonding experience and a ton of fun for canine and human participants! Vimeo on Demand training videos available too! (250) 308-5457; bark@ poochpartners.ca; www.poochpartners.ca

“Causing PAIN is No Way to TRAIN”. Group & Private Classes: All Levels of Obedience, FUNgility, Rally-O, Scenting, CGN/Therapy Prep Course and Behavioural Modification (Privates). Marcia Murray-Stoof, Certified Canine Behaviourist (B. Sc), Certified Professional Dog Training Instructor (Over 30 years experience). (705) 436-4158; thedognanny@bell.net; www.dognanny.ca

FidoFit CanineFitness Fitness& &Training, Training FidoFit Canine Jo Lopez. Get your dog fit and healthy with a personalized conditioning program, and avoid future vet visits! We use canine specific exercise equipment to teach dogs better balance, body awareness, strength and confidence. From pet dogs to high performance canine athletes, we have programs to suit every dog’s needs! (604) 358-4141; jo@fidofit.ca; www.fidofit.ca

ONTARIO

Dogs BeHaven Training Solutions

Dog Friendship Inc. Helen Prinold, M.Sc. Animal Behaviour, CAPF. Making a difference in the world…one dog at a time. (226) 500-3647; info@dogfriendship.com; www.dogfriendship.com

Winstead Dogs - Training & Boarding Ken Campbell. (613) 393-2729; ken@winsteaddogs.com; www.winsteaddogs.com

QUEBEC CGMB Kennels

Dogue Shop

Christina Grenon. We offer clients a variety of training classes built to your needs -- Puppy, Obedience, Agility, Utility, & more. Recently, we’ve been using Behaviour Adjustment Therapy to help animals from Northern Ontario find new forever homes. Find new training courses, workshops and our rescue work on Facebook, Instagram and our website. (705) 465-0392; cgchristinegrenon@hotmail.com; www.CGMBKennels.com

Innovates in dog training through programs such as the Animal Behaviour Apprentiship, Animal-Assisted therapy, and Doga programs. All classes are science based. Dogue Shop deepens the human-animal bond through physical, mental, and emotional relationship building exercises. Our mission is to educate animals and people who care for them. (514) 842-6160; info@ thedogueshop.com; www.dogueshop.com

DogGuru

Sylvain Duchesneau

Cheryl Orletsky. Effective Dog & People Friendly Training and Courses. Pet First Aid Certification course in Toronto area and expanding (check website for upcoming course dates and locations). Training for the Pet Care Industry (Dog Walker, Dog Daycare, Kennel Attendant), Pet Business Ownership Mentoring (Phone, Video, In-Person), Pet Behaviour Consultations (Phone, Video, In-Person). (647) 947-9256; training@dogguru.ca; www.dogguru.ca

Comportementaliste Canin Approche naturella. Nous traitons le chien comme un chien et non comme un enfant. Consultations et thérapie comportemental. Toutes races, tous âges, tous les problèmes. Éducation en privé. Maternelle à partir de 6 semaines. Éducation juvénile à partir de 4 mois. Cours Devenir le maître. Pension Éducative de Jour. (450) 325-2297; info@educanin.com; www.educanin.com

Dave McMahon’s Dog Training Academy

Blue Ribbon Canine Centre

Obedience training for the family dog. Problem solving is our speciality. Dave McMahon is the host of the popular Dog Talk radio show on 610am CKTB. Live online at www.610cktb.com. Live on-air Monday nights at 7:05pm-8:00pm. The only radio talk show in Canada completely dedicated to dogs. (905) 358-4515; www.davemcmahon.ca

An innovative dog training school offering the most current obedience training techniques for your special companion. We motivate dogs through food and play. Dog training becomes a fun team activity for handler and dog! Our main goal is a happy and reliable pet who is a joy to live with. (514) 420-0101; info@ blueribboncanine.com; www.blueribboncanine.com

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TRAINERS


ALBERTA

ONTARIO

Cross Cuts Pet Styling & Boarding Kennels

Petstyle Plus

Our groomers (Terri & Lisa) are both proud Canadian Professional Pet Stylists & NAPCG members. Lisa is certified in Terrier, Sporting and Non-Sporting Breeds. All Breeds/Sizes of Dogs and Cats welcomed. Over 20 years of combined shop experience. (780) 594-6465; www.crosscuts.ca

Orillia, ON (705) 323-3398; www.petstyles.ca

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Integrative Veterinary Medicine – A true alternative

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Canadian Dogs Annual 2017  

5 Tips for Buying a New Puppy, Expert Puppy Training Advice, The Truth About Nutrition, 10 Foods for Good Vision, How to Save Money at the G...

Canadian Dogs Annual 2017  

5 Tips for Buying a New Puppy, Expert Puppy Training Advice, The Truth About Nutrition, 10 Foods for Good Vision, How to Save Money at the G...