Canadian Dogs Annual 2023

Page 1









C anada’s wildlif e





+ 190 breeds at


a glance




$13.95 Canada



65 Lifestyle


40 H ow sounds can stress or

16 D oes your dog pant excessively?

calm your dog

Your dog can be stressed by sounds you may not even be aware of. Find out how to create a more soothing soundscape for him.


Pet services galore!

From mobile groomers to animal photographers, there are all kinds of pet service providers and professionals out there!

54 Why buying Canadian makes good sense

Supporting domestic companies creates jobs, and ensures workers are getting fair wages. And there are more reasons why pet parents might want to shop Canadian.


All dogs pant, especially when it’s hot out, but excessive panting could be a danger sign. Here’s what you need to know.

46 G ood breeder vs. backyard breeder — what’s the difference?

Breeding healthy, well-adjusted puppies requires research, lots of attention to detail, and passion. Here's what to look for.

ways to prevent dental 62 5disease in dogs

There are many things you can do at home to prevent dental disease from developing and progressing, and help keep your dog healthy, happy and comfortable.

70 E xercise tips to keep your senior dog’s brain and body fit

From improving memory and cognition to strengthening muscles, regular exercise enhances the well-being of your senior dog. .79 I s your dog getting enough exercise? A recent survey found many dogs aren't. Check out these other interesting stats.

147 8 questions for a breeder

Before buying your new pup, ask these questions.

53 4


Departments 8 Editorial

149 Spotlight

80 Breed Directory —

The Groups, Purebreds, Rare Breeds

148 Dog Speak

159 Marketplace 162 Word


hat's in a 36 W name?

How your dog’s name might affect how people think.


53 H ow the bond you

share with your dog can influence his sleep patterns Find out why the bond you share may affect how she naps.


56 C onservation canines —

10 H ow often should you feed your dog?

In many dogs, “intermittent fasting” offers health benefits, from maintaining lean body mass to reducing the risk of neurodegenerative conditions and other age-related diseases.

pantry items that are 20 10 poisonous to your dog Household pantries and cupboards are full of potential toxins. Find out which ones can harm your dog.

30 F ood sensitivities vs. food allergies

Learn the best treatment approaches to food allergies and sensitivities, and how to prevent these issues in your dog.

60 C ould your dog’s bowl make him sick?


No matter how clean they look, your dog’s bowls may harbour bacteria that can make him sick. Follow these steps to minimize risk.

Dog-human Interest 14 Top 5 ways your dog helps you de-stress Good news — our dogs can help significantly lower our stress levels. Check out the top five ways they do it.

19 3 reasons dogs look like their people

Do you look just like your dog? Here are a few reasons why this comical phenomenon occurs.

22 1 0 royals who dearly loved their dogs

For millennia, monarchs around the world have enjoyed the companionship of canines. Let’s take a look at 10 of them.

dogs doing their bit to help Canada’s wildlife

Check out the clever canines across Canada who are helping preserve our natural environment and the creatures that inhabit it.

Training & Behaviour 34 T each your dog to accept tooth brushing in 6 easy steps

Regular tooth brushing is an important part of your dog’s dental care regimen. Find out how to get her to accept and even enjoy the procedure.

48 T he right way to teach your dog to swim Teaching a dog to swim is easier than you think. When summer returns, these four steps will help transform your pooch into a true water baby.

50 4 steps to training leash reactive dogs Leash reactivity can make your dog difficult to walk. Help bring the fun back to your jaunts by making the world a friendlier place for him.

65 Y our hands-on guide for going to the dog park

This guide offers all you need to know to ensure a positive experience at the dog park.

76 K eeping dogs and toddlers safe

When dogs and toddlers spend time together, use these training tips to make safety a top priority.

Social Media Tips, contests and more! CanadianDogs

News, events, and tips! @CdnDogs

Tips, pet photos, and more! canadiandogsannual

Crafts, laughs, and more! canadiandogs




C.C.O. & Editor-in-Chief: Dana Cox Managing Editor: Ann Brightman Senior Content Editor: Ashley Tonkens Content Editor: Bianca Mazziotti Graphic Design Lead: Ethan Vorstenbosch Graphic Designer: Joy Sunga Junior Graphic Designer: Luke Bakos Breed Ambassador Photography: Alice Van Kempen Cover photography: Kseniya Resphoto

President/CEO: Tim Hockley Operations Director: Libby Sinden Finance Administrator: Melissa Scripture Webmaster: Lace Insom Project Coordinator: Daniel Jackson

CONTRIBUTING WRITERS Nadia Ali Karen Elizabeth Baril Ann Brightman Christine Caplan, CVT Stanley Coren, PhD Andrea Gronwald Jennifer Hinders Jean Hofve, DVM Stephanie Horan Katie Kangas, DVM, CVA, CVCP Angie Krause, DVM, CVA, CCRT Joan Hunter Mayer Laurie McCauley, DVM, DACVSMR, CCRT, CVA, CVC Erin Mullen Evelyn Orenbuch, DVM, DACVSMR, CCRT, CAVCA Melody Tavitian-Parra Ashley Tonkens Elissa Weimer-Sentner Tonya Wilhelm


National Sales Manager: Kat Shaw, 1.866.764.1212 ext. 315 Regional Manager: Becky Starr, 1.866.764.1212 ext. 221 Business Development Representatives: Kern O'Leary, 1.866.764.1212 ext.225 Luke Pigeon, 1.866.764.1212 ext.228

On the cover When Queen Elizabeth II passed away in September of 2022, her beloved Corgis made an appearance at her funeral. Her Majesty had a lifelong love for these affectionate and loyal little dogs — like the Pembroke Welsh Corgi pictured on our cover — but she wasn’t the only royal to share her heart with canine companions. From ancient Egypt to modern times, kings, queens, empresses, and other royal figures around the world have loved and lived with dogs. Turn to page 22 to meet some of history’s royals and the breeds they adored and treasured.

SUBMISSIONS: Please send all editorial material, advertising material, photos and correspondence to: Canadian Dogs Annual, 160 Charlotte St., Suite 202, Peterborough, ON, Canada K9J 2T8. We welcome previously unpublished articles and digital colour pictures at 300dpi. We cannot guarantee that either articles or pictures will be used or that they will be returned. We reserve the right to publish all letters received. Email your articles to: info@

The material in this magazine is not intended to replace the care of veterinary practitioners. The opinions expressed are not necessarily those of the editor, and different views may appear in other issues. Redstone Media Group Inc., publisher of Canadian Dogs Annual, does not promote any of the products or services advertised by a third party advertiser in this publication, nor does Redstone Media Group Inc. verify the accuracy of any claims made in connection with such advertisers.

TO PURCHASE: Copies can be purchased at most major retail outlets across Canada or online at

Canadian Dogs Annual is published once a year by Redstone Media Group Inc. Entire contents copyright© 2022. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted by any means, without prior written permission of the publisher. Publication date: November 2022.

CDN MAIL: Canadian Dogs Annual 160 Charlotte St., Suite 202 Peterborough, ON, Canada K9J 2T8

Canadian Dogs Annual is a division of Redstone Media Group. 6


EDITORIAL Celebrating the

human-dog bond As I was sipping a cup of tea on my porch early one fall morning, I noticed a curious sight. A neighbour from a few houses away was walking his two Shelties, Riley, aged 14, and the newest member of the family, Finnegan, only five months old. Finn boisterously led the way, clearly enjoying the exercise and fresh air, while Riley, who suffers from arthritis in his back legs, slowly pulled up the rear. But this isn’t what caught my eye. In addition to having two leashes in hand, my neighbour was pulling an empty children’s wagon, which seemed odd for a retiree with no grandkids close by. The entourage eventually made their way to the mailboxes across the street, where Riley happily sniffed away, catching up all the neighbourhood canine news. My neighbour patiently waited (Finn not so much) and after a couple of minutes, Riley simply sat down and looked at his “dad”. My neighbour walked over, gently scooped him up and placed him in the wagon. Clearly this was a normal routine for the trio, because Riley remained very calm and dignified throughout. Once he was settled in his “chariot”, they started off again. Looking at the scene playing out before me, I couldn’t help but think: “This is absolutely the essence of the human-dog bond.” In this year’s Canadian Dogs Annual, we again celebrate the incredible connection between ourselves and our canine companions. Of course, who better exemplified that than the late Queen Elizabeth II, who surrounded herself with her beloved Corgis throughout her life? We pay tribute to her and several other monarchs throughout history who famously cherished their four-legged companions, in our Royal Dogs article on page 22. This issue also features advice on nutrition and health, as well as how to make the best lifestyle choices for your dog, so they can live happy and healthy well into their golden years. If you’re contemplating adding a puppy to your family, we offer tips on how to tell the difference between good breeders, who do their research and are passionate about their breed, and those who are out to simply make a quick buck. And before you select a name for your little sweetie, you should read Dr. Stanley Coren’s article on page 36 about how the name you choose can affect how people think about your dog.

Wishing you a lifetime of fun and adventure with your canine "bestie",





We also recognize Canada’s conservation dogs (page 56), who help keep invasive species at bay, while protecting other species at risk. And, of course, there are a myriad other articles we know you’ll love. As always, it’s a great honour to bring this information to you, and to celebrate our mutual love for our devoted doggies. They really are the best! P.S. If you’re interested in learning more about how to care for your four-legged companions as naturally as possible, please visit our recently launched Animal Wellness Academy (, where you’ll find more than 150 videos/micro-courses!





In many dogs (though not all), “intermittent fasting” can offer a variety of health benefits, from maintaining lean body mass, to reducing the risk of neurodegenerative conditions and other age-related diseases.



There’s a lot of talk about how often you

intermittent eating schedules that depend

should feed your dog and, with the latest

on their ability to find and catch prey or to

buzz about the benefits of intermittent

successfully scavenge for food.

fasting for humans, many wonder if this practice is safe and healthy for dogs too.


In his book, Ruined by Excess, Perfected by Lack, Dr. Richard Patton, animal nutritionist and researcher, shares that canines and other carnivorous animals “have exquisitely perfected the ability to survive

Intermittent fasting, also termed

with the intermittent lack of

therapeutic fasting, follows a pattern

food. And in fact, they are

that includes alternating cycles of eating

poorly adapted to deal

and fasting. In truth, it’s how dogs are

with constant excess,

evolutionarily designed to eat. Wolves and

particularly with

other wild canines do not have continual

calories from starches

access to food and are naturally faced with

and sugars.”

WHAT THE STUDIES SAY Even beyond the necessary basics for surviving in the wild, cumulative research has shown significant health benefits arising from intermittent fasting — or said in another way, intermittent eating. A study by Mark Mattson, PhD, a neuroscience professor at the John Hopkins School of Medicine, indicates that fasting and reducing daily calorie intake can be beneficial for your dog’s neurologic health. Dr. Mattson has published extensively on the topics of brain function and healthy aging. His studies with both animals and humans demonstrate that fasting can improve cognitive function and reduce the risk of developing neurogenerative diseases such Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s. Dr. Mattson also reported increased lifespans in dogs that took part in fasting studies.

Scientists at the University of Arizona published a recent study titled “Once-daily feeding is


associated with better cognitive function and health in companion

When the body is not busy working

dogs” in Results from the Dog Aging

on digestion (i.e. the breakdown and

Project. This research team analyzed

absorption of food particles), enzymes are

data from over 24,000 dogs, looking

freed up to focus more on detoxification,

for links between feeding frequency

as well as reducing inflammation and

and health outcomes. Their findings

repairing tissues. During this downtime

suggested that feeding dogs just

from digestion, the liver is also more

one meal a day reduces the risk of

efficient at processing waste products

numerous health problems and

and eliminating toxic load. Numerous

age-related diseases, including cognitive decline, dental disease, GI tract

reparative mechanisms are allowed to work better, and this helps the body regenerate.

(gastrointestinal) issues, liver disease,

Furthermore, periods of fasting effectively

pancreatic disorders,

trigger the body to metabolize its fat

urinary problems,

stores for energy. Not only is this helpful

kidney disease, and

to remaining lean, but losing fat means


releasing toxins too. Indeed, adipose tissue (fat) is the primary storage site for toxins in the body.


UNDERSTANDING KETONES Like humans, all dogs have the ability to utilize either glucose or stored fat for energy. When stored fat is used, the body naturally produces molecules of energy called ketones (these can also be provided by medium chain triglycerides — MCT oils). However, if glucose is available, the body will readily use it as its first choice for fuel. This means that if your dog is continually eating throughout the day, glucose is almost always available and his body will not have an opportunity to burn fat. Another important aspect of this scenario is that each time glucose is made available through the breakdown of carbohydratecontaining foods, insulin is required to deliver that glucose into the cells of the body. This is not so desirable, as insulin is known to be a pro-inflammatory hormone, which means that frequent releases of insulin equate to higher levels of inflammation in the body. We now recognize that inflammation is associated with chronic diseases as well as

degeneration in the body and advanced aging changes. By understanding this, you can see that both what you feed and how often you feed your dog can directly influence numerous health conditions, affect aging, and perhaps even longevity.

A WORD OF CAUTION Generally, fasting is only safe for adult healthy dogs. Despite its potential benefits, there are many situations and health conditions for which fasting could be harmful and is not advised. Puppies, for example, require consistent meals and calories because they are growing. This also holds true for pregnant and lactating females. Senior dogs and very small toy breeds should avoid fasting as well. And finally, although fasting may be beneficial for some dogs with certain health conditions, there are many illnesses or circumstances in which withholding meals would be inappropriate or harmful. So please be sure to consult with your veterinarian before considering a time-restricted eating plan (see sidebar), to make sure it is safe and appropriate for your dog. Veterinarian Dr. Katie Kangas graduated from the University of Wisconsin Veterinary College in 1993. She achieved her CVA certification at the Chi Institute in 2008, followed by additional training in Advanced Acupuncture, Food Therapy, Herbal Medicine and Veterinary Orthopedic Manipulation. Dr. Kangas owns Integrative Veterinary Care in San Diego, California. Her special interests include nutrition/food medicine, dental health and pain management.



Time-restricted feeding methods Three intermittent fasting or timerestricted feeding methods are commonly used for dogs:


Feed once a day, which allows for a 24-hour fast between each meal.


Feed two meals per day, but include them both within an eight-hour total time frame, which allows for a 16-hour fast each day. E.g. 8 am and 4 pm


Feed normally five or six days a week, then skip one meal one or two days per week.

It is important to note that not every dog will thrive with this meal plan. In my experience, small breed dogs have a higher tendency for gastric reflux symptoms or bile vomiting when their stomachs are empty for long periods. This does not appear to be as much of an issue with large breed dogs, but can certainly occur in any size or breed of canine. For some dogs, this issue may be corrected or improved with digestive enzymes or other digestive supplements. In these cases, incremental periods of fasting may be tolerated by slowly and gradually adjusting for more extended time periods between meals.




Ways Your Dog Helps You De-Stress There’s no getting around the fact we’re living in stressful times. But the good news is that our dogs can help significantly lower our stress levels. Check out the top five ways they do it!

To say the past couple of years have been stressful is an understatement. On the plus side, studies show that interacting with dogs markedly reduces stress in humans. Here are the top five ways your four-legged friend can help you de-stress and feel calmer during these difficult times.

2 1


Petting and StrOking

Reduce StrEss

Feeling the softness of your dog’s fur or the warmth of her body releases endorphins in your brain and body, easing your tension and helping you feel more relaxed. Research has found that a loving touch, whether from a human or animal, can also reduce blood pressure and heart rate. Even sharing a gaze with your dog can bring about feelings of warmth and love. 14


The Sound of Her Voice Lifts Your SpirIts

Not only are touching and gazing relaxing and beneficial, but listening to your dog’s voice is also calming. A happy bark has soothing qualities. And there’s nothing quite like the joy and release we feel when our dogs happily greet us at the door, ready to welcome us home with their unconditional love.

Did you know? Stanley Coren, professor emeritus at the University of British Columbia, has studied canine barks and determined that one or two short, sharp barks means “hello.


She Helps You

Make New FrIEnds

Having a network of supportive friends is vital to our happiness and well-being, particularly when we’re feeling stressed. Having a dog often helps people make new friends. A prime example is meeting fellow dog lovers while taking your pooch for a stroll or a romp at the dog park. Many people also make connections online by joining groups or forums devoted to dogs.


You Get MorE

Over 30% of animal parents say their dogs help them meet other people and 60% have made friends with fellow animal lovers, according to a study by the University of Western Australia and the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.


Physical activity is frequently touted as a great way to decrease stress, and having a dog ensures you get some every day! Just going for a walk, hike or run with your dog increases the amount of time you engage in exercise.


Did you know?

Last but Not

Least, She Gives

Did you know? 25% of dog parents walk around 2.5 hours more per week than those without dogs.

You Love

Dogs give us unconditional love, something we don’t get from too many fellow humans. You can be sure your dog loves you no matter how you look, what mood you’re in, what mistakes you made that day, or whether or not the house is tidy. In other words, you don’t have to impress her, and that’s a great antidote to stress!

Nadia Ali is a freelance writer from London, who currently resides in the Caribbean. She writes about beloved companion animals. You can follow Nadia on Twitter at @NadiaAwriter.

Did you know? In turn, loving and caring for your dog will help calm, ground, and uplift you when you feel anxious or depressed.

The therApeutic effects of dogs

Given how beneficial the companionship of a dog is, it’s not surprising that these animals are used in a wide variety of therapy programs, visiting hospitals, nursing homes, schools, and other facilities to help relieve stress in patients, residents, and students. As dog parents, this type of therapy is available to us day and night, all year round!







Most of the time, a panting dog is little cause for concern. Excessive panting, however, can sometimes signal a problem that requires veterinary assistance. As a dog parent, it’s important for you to be aware of the differences and to know when to call your vet. 16






It’s often not obvious when dogs are


in pain, since they’re good at hiding discomfort. But one possible sign is excessive panting. Panting without a clear cause may indicate that your

One of the most common reasons

dog is ill or injured, or suffering from a

dogs pant is because they’re hot. “The

health condition that generates pain or

evaporation of sweat from our skin cools

discomfort, such as arthritis or GI distress.

us humans,” says veterinarian Dr. Doug Knueven. “Since dogs do not have sweat

What to do: If you suspect your dog is

glands in their skin, the evaporation of

in any pain or discomfort, whether he’s

oral fluids allowed by panting helps cool

panting or not, a trip to the vet is in order.

them down.” Certain dog breeds reach

He’ll need an examination and possibly

panting levels of heat far more quickly

some diagnostic tests to get to the root of

than others, depending where the breed

the problem.

developed. Some dogs also have a high rate of metabolism that can increase their temperature and lead to panting. What to do: Know your dog’s temperature tolerance both as an individual and as a member of his breed. Avoid exercising him when the weather is very hot and humid. Take him for walks in the mornings or evenings when the temperatures are a little cooler, and make sure he has 24/7 access to fresh, pure water. In the house, use AC or fans to help keep your dog comfortably cool.


excessively or showing other signs that he’s getting too warm. If he’s exhibiting serious symptoms, get him to an emergency vet right away. “It is not wise to rapidly cool a dog suffering from serious heat stroke because it can throw his system into lifethreatening shock,” Dr. Knueven cautions.



When a dog is in a stressful situation


This is a life-threatening condition that all dog parents need to be aware of, especially those with flat-faced dogs. It occurs when a dog is overheated, most often during the summer months. Excessive panting, heavy drooling, weakness, gait changes and collapse are all signs of heat stroke.



Various medications may lead to excessive panting if they make a dog feel uncomfortable. Some drugs cause a variety of side effects such as nausea, blood pressure changes, and more. Panting can be a normal side effect of the medication, or it can be a red flag. “Steroids such as prednisone are especially notorious for causing panting,” says Dr. Knueven.

away from his people, at the vet’s office, or in a vehicle, he can become anxious. And when he’s fearful or nervous, panting occurs involuntarily. Often, the level of stress is directly proportional to how much the dog is panting. What to do: Become familiar with how much your dog pants in certain situations. This can help you recognize when you need to take steps

What to do: Pay close attention to your

to ease his stress or even

dog during hot weather and move him to

avoid situations that may be

a cool area immediately if he’s panting

triggering him.


What to do: If your dog has to go on

pressure conditions, infections causing

a conventional medication, it is always

fever, bloat, heart disease, lung diseases

wise to discuss any potential side effects

such as asthma, bronchitis, pleural

with your veterinarian to determine what

effusion, and cancer.

might be expected. If your dog becomes particularly uncomfortable while on the

What to do: New patterns of panting,

medication, ask your vet if the dosage or

especially at seemingly odd times, merit

type of drug needs to be adjusted.

a visit to the veterinarian. When it comes



to disease-related panting, there are many potential causes, so tests will need to be done to determine the cause. Blood

“Since dogs do not have sweat glands in their skin, the evaporation of oral fluids allowed by panting helps cool them down.” When a dog is fearful or nervous, panting occurs involuntarily.

testing, x-rays, and more can be vital diagnostic tools. dog’s behavior, including how much or Excessive panting can have many causes,

how often he pants, needs to be checked

Cushing’s is an often chronic illness

some of which are life-threatening or

out. And remember to keep him cool

whose symptoms include increased

signal serious illness. Any change in your

during the dog days of summer!

panting that can occur all hours of the day, regardless of weather conditions. “Cushing’s disease is also commonly accompanied by excessive thirst and urination as well as a swollen abdomen,” adds Dr. Knueven. Disease-related panting can also be caused by high blood



Erin Mullen is a freelance writer and entrepreneur living in Latrobe, Pennsylvania. She graduated from Saint Vincent College and enjoys spending her free time in the outdoors with her boxers, Emma and Elsa.


Reasons dogs look like their people

Do you look just like your dog? Here are a few reasons why this comical phenomenon occurs.


It happens on purpose


It happens subconsciously


Dogs take on our mannerisms

In many cases, humans purposefully search for dogs that are similar to them — both physically and attitudinally. For example, people who live an active lifestyle will try to find a companion that can join them on hikes or runs. These are typically dogs with lots of energy and ambition, like shepherds or retrievers. On the other hand, there are people who live a more relaxed, slow-paced lifestyle. Pups who love to cuddle in bed all day and watch the squirrels out the window are great companions for these folks. Great human-canine bonds are built when the two can co-exist well together.

Humans tend to gravitate towards things that feel familiar and safe. For example, people with long hair might be more in favour of dogs with droopy, long ears, while those with short hair might love a pooch with perked ears. There could be hundreds of reasons to justify why someone might choose one dog over another, but it really all comes down to feeling familiar and comfortable with your companion.

Even if a dog doesn’t physically resemble his guardian, he may still appear to look like her because he acts like her. Dogs absorb our emotions. Our behaviours and feelings are passed onto them whether we want them to pick them up or not. This is why therapy dogs are so popular! A dog’s powerful senses allow him to exude empathy and form deep, emotional bonds with his people. As with all families, the apple doesn’t fall far from the tree. Whether it happens on purpose or not, having a mini-me companion is always a thing to treasure!





Household pantries and cupboards are full of food staples, cooking supplies, snacks and other edibles. But they can also be full of potential dog poisons. Recently, the toxicology experts at Pet Poison Helpline reviewed their case data and developed a list of the top ten potential poisons commonly found in your pantry.



Dogs are at a high risk for developing alcohol poisoning, even after ingesting small amounts. Low blood sugar, lethargy and seizures can occur.





The darker the chocolate, the more methylxanthines it contains, increasing the risk of poisoning. Keep chocolate away from dogs to avoid vomiting, diarrhea, and agitation. Large amounts can result in heart rhythm changes and even seizures.




Caffeine is a stimulant for everyone — too much can cause tremors and a racing heart. Keep your dog off the ceiling and out of the hospital.




Dogs should never be given salt. Salt is a poison for them and can cause vomiting, tremors and seizures.


Small dogs may ingest too much caffeine from a bag of tea — and all dogs might have trouble passing a teabag with a string.


Onions can cause vomiting and diarrhea in dogs, as well as anemia and other red blood cell changes due to their sulfurcontaining oxidants.



In dogs, these nuts can cause difficulty walking. Additional risks include joint pain and pancreatitis.



Ingesting only a few raisins can result in kidney injury for your furry friend. Early signs include vomiting and lethargy.


Found in sugar-free gum, mints, protein bars, specialty peanut butters and more, xylitol/birch sugar is not good for dogs. Beware of seizures from low blood sugar as well as possible liver failure.





When mixed into dough, yeast organisms make alcohol and lots of gas through fermentation. If a dog eats raw dough, it can expand in the stomach, blocking its ability to pass through. Additionally, the alcohol produced by the yeast may result in alcohol poisoning.


10 Royals Who

DearlyLoved Their Dogs


1. QUEEN VICTORIA AND DACHSHUNDS Queen Victoria adored dogs and acquired several different breeds of pups throughout her long reign, some of which she received as gifts. In 1845, after she got her first Dachshund, Deckel, the breed forever held a special place in her heart. The Queen loved the cuddly, joyful nature of the breed, which was originally developed to battle badgers. This led to her famous declaration “Nothing will turn a man’s home into a castle more quickly and effectively than a Dachshund.” Her favourite dachshund, named Waldman VI, came into the queen’s life in 1872. While she loved Dachshunds, Queen Victoria also had a soft spot for Collies, Scottish Terriers, Pugs, and Pomeranians, and she could often be seen cuddling up with some of these dogs throughout her long reign.



Everyone knows that Queen Elizabeth II didn’t go anywhere without her beloved Corgis — so much so that they became a royal symbol themselves. They even had a presence at her funeral. Throughout history, many monarchs around the world enjoyed the companionship of canines. In more ancient times, some breeds were even forbidden outside of court, while more recent royal interest in a breed could help ensure its popularity beyond the castle walls too. Let’s take a look at the favourite dogs of 10 royals from history and the dogs they loved.

2. TUTANKHAMUN’S GREYHOUNDS, SALUKIS, IBIZAN HOUNDS & PHARAOH HOUNDS Humans have kept canine companions for thousands of years, and that includes famous Egyptians like Tutankhamun, who apparently kept hounds such as Greyhounds, Salukis, Ibizan Hounds, and Pharaoh Hounds — which fall into the category of sight hounds. The pharaoh’s hunting dogs were so important to him that they were included in a painting of him riding a chariot into battle. Can you imagine being Tutankhamun and strolling by the pyramids of ancient Egypt taking your pup for a walk? Well, that’s exactly what the ancient Egyptians did, and there are relief carvings of them walking dogs on leashes to prove it! Greyhounds are excellent hunters, but they’re also friendly, gentle giants, so it’s no wonder they were loved by Egyptians like Tutankhamun. The Saluki is one of the world’s oldest dog breeds, and a 7,000-year-old Sumerian wall carving shows they’ve been loyal companions for a very long time. Both the Ibizan Hound and the Pharaoh Hound resemble the Egyptian god Anubis and they were also gifted hunters — a trait the Egyptians respected greatly. Some of these breeds proved such faithful companions in life that they were even mummified after they died.


4. EMPRESS DOWAGER CIXI’S PEKINGESE AND SHIH TZUS 3. K ING GEORGE VI, GLEN, AND YELLOW LABRADOR RETRIEVERS King George VI, the father of Queen Elizabeth II, was particularly fond of yellow Labrador Retrievers and was often photographed with his four-legged friend, Glen. George kept yellow Labs as pets and gun dogs, and he also bred them at Sandringham House while he was king. In fact, he helped popularize the breed at a time when these dogs were still relatively new. Labs only appeared in the early 1800s when people began breeding the now-extinct St. John’s Water Dog with British hunting dogs. Today, Labs are a go-to breed for many things. Come to think of it, there isn’t much they can’t do! They’re great family dogs, adventure buddies, and service dogs, but they can even excel at agility training and on the farm.



The Empress Dowager Cixi ruled the Qing dynasty through the turn of the 20th century, and she was an avid dog breeder who was particularly fond of Pekingese and Shih Tzus. It’s said that the Dalai Lama gave her a pair of Shih Tzus, and she instructed members of the imperial palace to breed the dogs and train them to sit up when she entered the room. The Pekingese were bred specifically to look like imperial guardian lion statues. They became a favourite of the imperial palaces of the Ming and Qing dynasties, and it’s thought they were bred to be small so they could be carried around inside a robe’s sleeves. The Shih Tzu, it is said, was bred by monks in Tibet to serve as temple dogs, but the monks would also gift the dogs to Chinese emperors and empresses. Like the Pekingese, the Shih Tzu was appealing because of its resemblance to a lion, and their name actually comes from a Chinese word for lion.

Did you know: Pekingese dogs, which are named after the

city of Peking (now Beijing), weren’t seen outside of China until British and French troops invaded and looted the Summer Palace, where they found the dogs and smuggled one out.

Intefarcets: ting After the 1949 Chinese Communist Revolution, the Shih Tzu’s association with wealth and nobility made

them a target, and nearly all the Shih Tzus in the country were killed. A handful were saved and sent to England, and that’s why the breed is still around today.

5. KING CHARLES II’S CAVALIER KING CHARLES SPANIELS Charles II was the king of England in the 17th century, and he was so fond of a particular breed of Spaniel that they even named the dog after him — the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel! These pups were originally bred from toy spaniels starting in the 16th century, and their main role was to keep noble laps warm in draughty castles. Thanks to Charles II, who loved the Spaniels dearly and bred them in such great numbers, the breed became popular outside the palace as well. And inside the castle, the dogs were so important to Charles II and his family that they were included in many portraits with the king and his children.

6. KING HENRY III AND THE BICHON FRISÉ King Henry III was the king of France in the 16th century, and his all-time favourite dog was the Bichon Frisé. These adorable, playful, and affectionate dogs have a long history of royal association, going back to the 13th century. But King Henry III took it to a whole new level! It’s rumoured that he loved the little dogs so much that he would carry a couple of them about in a basket tied around his neck wherever he went! Another anecdote claims he took 200 Bichons with him on a trip to Lyon and gave them each their own servant! It’s even said that he employed a baker specifically to bake for his dogs. With the way Henry III pampered his pooches, you can see why it became customary around this time to perfume these pups and outfit them with ribbons.


7. EMPEROR TAISHO AND THE AKITA Emperor Taisho was the 123rd Emperor of Japan in the early 20th century, and he proudly surrounded himself with Akitas. He was even photographed with a couple of them at the end of the 19th century. To honour the royal’s bond with these brave dogs, the emperor who came after him declared the Akita a national monument in 1931. The roots of the Akita trace back to the Akita Prefecture in Japan, where they were bred to hunt large animals, such as bear and elk. They are known for being strong, proud dogs, and it was perhaps these qualities that made them favourites among shoguns, samurais, and royalty during the 17th and 18th centuries.

Did you know: Helen Keller was the first person to bring an Akita to the United States, after one was gifted to her from the people of Japan following one of her visits to the country?

9. NICHOLAS II AND HIS BEST FRIEND, IMAN THE COLLIE The last Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, ruled from 1894 until the end of the Romanov dynasty in 1917. One of his favourite activities as a teenager was walking through the park with his most-loved Collie, Iman. A close friend even once said that the tsar wasn’t an affectionate man, except when it came to his family and his dogs. That same friend described Nicholas as being inconsolable and crying for days when Iman died. After that, the tsar still kept about 12 collies, but Iman always held a special place in Nicholas’ heart, and he never again had a favourite four-legged companion. 26


8. EDWARD VII’S FAVOURITE FOX TERRIER, CAESAR Edward VII was the son of Queen Victoria, so you won’t be surprised to learn that he was also a devoted dog lover. One of his preferred breeds was the Fox Terrier, and his dog, Caesar, was so beloved that the pup would even accompany the King on international trips. Nobody could possibly mistake the affection Edward had for his dog, since Caesar wore a collar announcing “I belong to the King.” At one point, the King commissioned Fabergé to create a likeness of Caesar in crystal, complete with a replica of the inscribed collar. When Edward died, Caesar was part of the funeral procession, walking behind the coffin. And when they were designing the statue of the King for his tomb at St George’s Chapel, they were sure to include a life-sized statue of Caesar lying at his feet. Terriers weren’t the only dogs in that royal household, however, and other family dogs included Poodles, Japanese Chins, and Tibetan Spaniels.

A love for dogs ran in the Romanov family, and Nicholas II’s cousin, Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, was particularly fond of Borzois, which he bred at his estate and used as hunting dogs. The Borzoi was originally bred to hunt wolves in Russia, but these large dogs are gentle creatures known for their intelligence, independence, and athletic grace. These pups became so popular among the tsars and nobles of Russia that the only way to get your hands on a Borzoi was to have a tsar gift you one.

Intefarcets: ting

The Borzoi’s association with nobility and the tsars made the breed a target during the Russian Revolution, and many of the dogs died at the hands of angry revolutionaries. Some were smuggled out to Germany, and a few made their way to the U.S. before the world wars.


10. QUEEN ELIZABETH’S FAMOUS CORGIS Of course, no list of royal dogs would be complete without mentioning Queen Elizabeth II and her Corgis. Before Queen Elizabeth made the Corgi an icon of British royalty, Corgis were favoured as herding dogs, but they’re also excellent family dogs and watchdogs thanks to their loving yet fearless demeanours.

Several years later, Elizabeth got a Corgi of her very own on her 18th birthday. That dog, whose name was Susan, was the Queen’s faithful companion for 15 years, and their friendship started a love affair that lasted a lifetime. All told, the Queen had more than 30 Corgis in her life, and almost every one of them was a descendant of Susan.

The Queen got her first Corgi in 1933, when she was still a princess. The dog, Dookie, was a gift from her father to the family, but it was love at first sight for Princess Elizabeth.

When the Queen died in September of 2022, she still had two Corgis. They were given to the Queen by Prince Andrew and the Duchess of York, who are now looking after the royal pups.



HONOURABLE MENTIONS FROM THE MODERN BRITISH MONARCHY Many current members of the British royal family have their own personal preferences when it comes to pups. Let’s have a look at what four-legged friends are the favourites among the dukes, duchesses, princes, and princesses — and the new king!

Facing page: Queen Elizabeth II waves to crowds during her Diamond Jubilee tour in 2012. Above: The Queen enjoys some down time with her Corgis in 1962. Right: Ever the sportswoman, Queen Elizabeth walks the Cross Country course with her beloved dogs during the Windsor Horse Trials in 1980.

King Charles III and Camilla, Queen Consort, have been devoted Jack Russell Terrier parents for many years. They’ve had several of the pups over the years who were often in the news with the then Prince of Wales, and today, the couple has two Jack Russell Terriers named Beth and Bluebell.

The Prince and Princess of Wales, aka Prince William and Kate Middleton, are a Cocker Spaniel family! They adopted Lupo back in 2011, who sadly passed away in 2020, but they now have a black Cocker Spaniel named Orla.

The Duke and Duchess of Sussex, aka Prince Harry and Meghan Markle, haven’t yet settled on a favourite Fido breed, but they’re definitely a dog family. They currently have a Beagle named Guy and a black Labrador Retriever named Pula.

The Princess Royal, aka Princess Anne, the King’s sister, is famous for her love of English Bull Terriers.

Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie, the nieces of the King, are proud pup parents of a pack of four Norfolk Terriers, Jack, Cici, Teddy, and Ginger.

Ashley Tonkens is a senior content editor at Redstone Media Group. In her spare time, she loves hiking with her Husky and volunteering at the local animal shelter.




Learn the best treatment approaches to food allergies and sensitivities, and how to prevent these issues in your dog.


oes your dog have a “sensitive” stomach? Does she react badly to certain foods? Is she itchy year-round? She could be having a reaction to her food. Many dogs experience food sensitivities but these symptoms don’t necessarily indicate a food allergy. In fact, relatively few dogs are truly allergic to what they eat. So how can you tell the difference and, more importantly, how can you help your dog?



WHAT ARE FOOD ALLERGIES? A food allergy is an immune reaction to a particular protein. Experts believe that between 10% and 30% of food reactions are allergic in nature. True food allergies tend to develop over long periods (months to years) in response to foods or treats the dog eats frequently or chronically. They are uncommon in dogs under one year of age. Common proteins, and therefore common allergens, include:







KEEP IN MIND: Around 80% OF CORN and 60% OF SOY grown in Canada is genetically modified (the numbers are over 90% in the U.S.). Most of these crops go to animal feed. While the ultimate and cumulative effects of GM foods are still unknown, protein alteration is, by definition, a given.

PREVENTING PROBLEMS VARIETY IS KEY TO PREVENTING FOOD ALLERGIES AND SENSITIVITIES. Remember, food allergies develop when a dog eats the same thing regularly or for a long time. And dogs that develop an allergy to one food are more likely to eventually react to other foods too.

PROTEIN SOURCES SHOULD BE CHANGED AT LEAST EVERY THREE MONTHS. Make the switch gradually over a week or two, so the bacteria in the colon have time to adjust; too fast a change can cause diarrhea. Stick with high quality natural foods that don’t contain “mystery meat”, synthetic preservatives or other artificial additives. High quality natural foods tend to contain purer ingredients that are less likely to cause an adverse reaction.

A food allergy may cause either gastrointestinal symptoms (vomiting and/or diarrhea) or skin symptoms (itchiness, rash, hot spots). Skin symptoms of food allergies may include extreme itchiness, and secondary infections with bacteria and yeast are very common. Just to complicate things a little more, allergic skin disease is more commonly associated with inhalant allergies (collectively referred to as “atopy”), fleabite hypersensitivity or other causes. It’s important to note that atopy causes skin symptoms and is often confused with food allergies.


Digestive symptoms may resolve quickly, but skin symptoms are far more persistent. If symptoms do clear up, you can then challenge your dog with one ingredient at a time to figure out what was causing the problem.

WHAT IS A FOOD SENSITIVITY? A food sensitivity or intolerance causes symptoms primarily in the gastrointestinal system. A dog experiencing symptoms related to food may be sensitive or intolerant to one main ingredient, or to one or more of the colourings, preservatives, texturizers, palatability enhancers, or other additives. Food intolerances can occur at any age and involve any ingredient.

TREATMENT APPROACHES There are two approaches to dealing with food allergies and sensitivities:


For food allergies, a full “diet trial” determines the allergy-causing ingredient/s. Feed your dog one “novel ingredient” or hypoallergenic food for eight to 12 weeks. Choose a protein that is not included in your dog’s normal food — e.g. venison, rabbit, duck, or kangaroo. Dogs already eating a single-protein food may do fine on different proteins like fish, lamb or turkey, even if they are common in other foods. Also opt for novel carbohydrate sources (since all carb sources contain some protein), such as sweet potatoes, rice or barley. A diet trial must include only the test food and water — no exceptions! Just one goof (such as giving a treat or supplement containing beef liver to a beef-allergic dog) could take you back to square one.

KEEP IN MIND: Note that the word “poultry” may include chicken, turkey, duck, quail

In addition to high quality commercial foods, many people have had great success using raw meat-based and homemade diets. Many animals that are allergic to a particular protein in cooked food do well with the raw version of the same protein.


The treatment for food sensitivity is simple. Changing the brand or flavour of food may resolve the problem. Symptoms will diminish or disappear within days. Of course, this may be easier said than done with very sensitive dogs, since they may react to multiple foods. To maximize success, choose good quality natural foods without artificial additives. Don’t forget that your dog still needs variety to prevent worse problems down the road.

With time and persistence, you’ll get to the root of your dog’s food allergy or sensitivity!

SUPPLEMENTS FOR SENSITIVITIES DIGESTIVE ENZYMES: Can be given with food to help your dog break down proteins more completely, so they are less likely to trigger an immune response. PROBIOTICS: Help keep the gut bacteria happy and healthy, and appear to have some anti-inflammatory properties. OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS (MARINE): Are naturally anti-inflammatory, as well as important for skin healing. The intestinal tract is lined with a type of skin cell that can also benefit from Omega-3 supplementation.

or other fowl. “Meat” is usually beef, but may legally include pork, lamb and goat. It’s best to CHOOSE A FOOD WITH SPECIFI-




Retired veterinarian Dr. Jean Hofve earned her DVM at Colorado State University. She also studied veterinary homeopathy, homotoxicology, Reiki and other holistic modalities. She has researched pet food and feline nutrition for more than two decades, and is an expert on holistic pet health and the commercial pet food industry. Dr. Hofve is an official advisor to AAFCO, and co-authored the books Holistic Cat Care and Paleo Dog.


s w a P a t n Sa wn! Is coming to to

And he’s got the perfect stocking stuffer for all the good puppers on your Christmas list this year! Christmas is a time for gift-giving, family, and feasting, and Tilted Barn Pet Company treats make it easy to include Fido in the festivities. Fill your pup’s stocking with all-natural, 100% Canadian treats that’ll have your dog wishing every day was Christmas day!

A Stocking Stuffer Pet Parents Will Love Giving and Dogs Will

Love Receiving

Shop local this holiday season and make your pup feel like part of the family — stuff their stocking with Tilted Barn Pet Co. treats. Available in three irresistible flavours: Canadian beef, Canadian bacon, and Canadian lamb.

Celebrate the Holiday Season with the 12 Days of Treats! Tilted Barn Pet Co. is hosting 12 Days of Treats giveaway this year, and they’ll be collaborating with other small Canadian businesses. Every day between December 1 and December 12, they’ll be giving away treats and something special from their partners to lucky pet parents. Make sure to follow @tiltedbarnpetco on Instagram for your chance to win! Every dog is on Santa Paws’ good list, so treat your fourlegged family member to what every pup really wants for Christmas: Tilted Barn Pet Co. soft, meaty, all-natural stocking stuffer treats! ww ba ed

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The treats and Miniwags are soft, wholesome, meaty treats that’ll have your pup on their best behaviour for Santa Paws! What’s more, pet parents can feel good about feeding Tilted Barn Pet Company’s single-source protein treats to pups of all ages and sizes because: They’re made with high quality, whole ingredients The all-natural ingredients are Canadian sourced and mostly from the Prairies The treats are formulated without by-products, additives, fillers, or preservatives Ingredients come from the human food market



Teach your dog to ACCEPT TOOTH BRUSHING Regular tooth brushing is an important part of your dog’s dental care regimen. Find out how to get her to accept and even enjoy the procedure.

IN 6 EASY STEPS — whatever her age

Dental disease is common in dogs, but there are many ways to help prevent it, from feeding the correct diet and special dental treats, to water additives and oral sprays. In addition, though, it’s a good idea to brush your dog’s teeth on a regular basis. Here’s how to train your pooch to accept and even enjoy tooth brushing in six simple steps!

For puppies Slow and steady always wins the race for puppies, since the biggest challenge is to help her stay still and keep her from getting too “bitey”. Start with these steps and always go at your youngster’s pace and comfort level.






Transition from your finger to your brushing tool of choice. Depending on your puppy’s mouth structure, you might use a baby toothbrush, a finger toothbrush, a glove with nubs, or even a gauze pad. Don’t forget to clean the toothbrush after each brushing. 34





If you started with coconut oil to help encourage her taste enjoyment, switch to a half coconut oil/half pet toothpaste mix and start to wean off the coconut oil.



Now, instead of just having your pup lick the dab off, slide your finger into her mouth as she’s licking and massage one side of her gums for just a second or two. Repeat on the other side. Continue this process daily. Once you are easily sliding your finger along her gums, continue to Step 4.



Start when your puppy is somewhat relaxed, not when she’s ready to have a “zoomie” session.

Place a dab of pet toothpaste or coconut oil on your finger (always use toothpaste especially formulated for dogs — never human toothpaste). Allow her to sniff and lick your finger. Repeat twice. Do this once a day for a few days. Move to the second step once your puppy is eagerly anticipating this first step.

Once your puppy is accepting a little gum massage, start to pay attention to massaging each tooth.

For adult dogs Before training your adult dog, take him for a dental exam at the veterinarian’s office, where they will check for, and deal with, any decaying or chipped teeth or severely inflamed gums. While following the six steps below, pay attention to your dog’s emotions and behaviour. Again, the goal is to go at his comfort level so he is happy at each step.



2 3



4 5


Start to massage his teeth and gums during your brushing sessions, using one dab for each side of the mouth. Continue this process once a day until your dog is happily and easily having his teeth massaged with your finger.

Now it’s time to move to your toothbrush of choice. It will depend on your dog’s current dental and oral situation, and the structure of his mouth. If he is missing teeth, your veterinarian may recommend using gauze. You can also buy toothbrushes specifically designed for pets, or a finger glove with nubs.

Ideally, sit on the floor with your dog. Engage with him, showing him that he has a tasty treat coming up. Dab it on your finger, while saying things like: “Are you ready for this tasty snack?” Bring your hand and the yummy mixture down to his level, but not extended to him. You want him to approach you. Allow him to sniff your hand and lick. Repeat this step with two dabs. If your dog doesn’t show interest in the mix, try something else next time. Do this every day for as many days as needed. Don’t move to the next step until your dog is anticipating the process, coming to lick off the dab and looking for more.


Once he’s completely happy with Step 2, gently slip your finger inside his mouth for one second and then back out. Do this once during each dab-licking session. Once he shows no concern about your finger sliding along his gums, move to the next step.



Find something sticky and tasty that your dog loves, like canned pet food, coconut oil, or pureed meat.

Gradually transition from a food dab to pet toothpaste. Start with half-and-half of each and slowly decrease the food until you’re only using pet toothpaste.

Tonya Wilhelm is a dog training and cat care specialist who promotes positive ways to prevent and manage behaviour issues. One of the top ten dog trainers in the US, she has helped thousands build happy relationships with their dogs using humane, positive methods. She wrote Proactive Puppy Care; offers dog training classes; provides training and behavior services; and does workshops at pet expos (


Whatever the age of your dog, be gentle when brushing his teeth. For optimum success, you don’t want to cause him any discomfort.



? e m a N a What ’s in How Your Dog's Name Might Affect How People Think BY STANLEY COREN

If you think of your dog as a family member, you’re in good company! Evidence suggests most people feel the same way. So it’s not surprising that the most popular dog names are also common human names or nicknames. In fact, nearly half the top names chosen for dogs also appear on the top 100 baby names for humans this year! (In case you’re wondering, these include Max, Charlie, Cooper, Jack, Oliver, Bella, Lucy, Luna and Stella.)

HOW PET PARENTS CHOOSE DOG NAMES In much the same way that some people choose names for their children, some pet parents consult lists to find suggestions. People seem to recognize that their dog’s name is important, and that they will be using it a lot over the next ten-plus years. However, some people seem to enter the dog naming process with a specific agenda. They use their dog’s name to try to create a specific impression, which they believe might carry over from the dog to his person. Most obviously, in the 36


worlds of professional athletics and rap music, and in socalled “gangsta culture”, individuals try to create tough, dominant images of themselves. They often select big, tough-looking dogs, such as Rottweilers, Bullmastiffs, Doberman Pinschers, Great Danes and Pitbulls to emphasize the fact that they themselves are also big, powerful and tough. Their dogs are often adorned with the proper accoutrements to reinforce that image, including heavy leather collars with metal studs.

In addition to looking tough, many of these people believe that the dog must have an image-appropriate name. For example, Herschel Walker, who once was the all-time leading yardage gainer in professional football, had a Rottweiler named Al Capone. Other professional athletes had dogs named Slugger, Jaws, Hawk, Ghost, Shark, Blaster, Hitman, and Shaka Zulu. In similar fashion, rappers may choose names appropriate to their culture. Ice-T had a Pitbull named Felony, while other rappers had dogs named Blood, Revolver, Bullet, and Taser. A dog with the name of Fluffy, Honey, or Fifi, just won't work for these individuals, as you can imagine.

WHAT DOES THE RESEARCH SAY ABOUT SPECIFIC NAMES? Does giving your dog a dominant sounding name cause people to view you as tougher and more dominant? The answer is not really clear. However, as a psychologist, I suspected that giving your dog a tough or threatening name might well affect the way other people view and react to him. In the absence of any data in the scientific literature, I decided to collect some experimental data to see if a dog’s name had any effect.

show you a brief video clip of a dog named xxxxx, interacting with a person. Watch the dog carefully because we will be asking you some questions about xxxxx’s behaviour.” On roughly half the booklets, the dog’s name was Ripper or another tough name such as Killer, Assassin, Butcher, and Gangster. The other half of the group had a dog with a much more positive sounding name, such as Champ, Teddy, Happy, Buddy, Lucky, etc. The people in the experiment did not know that the dogs’ names were different. After the observers read the instructions with the dogs’ names, they were shown the same one-minute video clip, which featured edited scenes from a TV series starring a German Shepherd Dog. The sequence consisted of a man walking into view; then, from off screen, there is some barking followed by the dog appearing and quickly running up to the man. A closeup shows the dog barking at the man, followed by the dog jumping up and placing its paws on the man’s shoulders. The man pushes the dog away and the dog runs barking out of the scene. Once they watched the video, the observers opened the booklet and found a description of the dog with his “name”, and a list of adjectives with both positive and negative attributes such as “friendly”, “sociable”, “playful”, “aggressive”, “threatening”, and “hostile”. Observers were asked to read through the list and check off the words they felt best described the dog in the video. Then they were asked to write a few sentences to describe the events they had seen.

For the study, I gathered 291 university students in a large auditorium. Each was given a booklet and on the top page was a paragraph that read: “We are interested in your ability to determine the personality and intentions of dogs by simply looking at their behaviour. We will


When the dog’s name was tough, like Assassin or Butcher, the observers were more than three times as likely to describe the dog’s behaviour as hostile or menacing than when the dog had a more positive and less threatening name. Even more interesting, in their written comments, observers with tough dog names such as Slasher were more apt to say things like “The dog saw a man and didn't like him”. Or “The dog barked at him and tried to jump up on him to make him go away, but the man pushed him off before he could be bitten and the dog ran away.” Conversely, people who had dogs with more positive names, such as Happy, were more apt to describe the very same scene as follows: “The dog saw a man coming and ran out to say hello.” Or “The dog barked and jumped up to try to get the man to play. Then the dog ran ahead of him to lead him home.” Remember, these people had seen exactly the same video. The only difference was the names of the dogs in their booklets. This kind of data makes it clear that the name you give your dog makes a statement to people. They may actually re-interpret your dog’s behaviours based on that name. When your dog runs up to greet them with a few barks, and they hear you call him back using the name Gangster or Ripper, it appears they’re more apt to think you’re trying to avert an attack on them, as opposed to what they might think if you had called the dog using the name Happy or Buddy.



Obviously, name choices are more important for larger dogs. Despite these new data, I doubt that a Pekingese, Chihuahua or Maltese will produce a sense of dread or threat, even she is named Exterminator, Crusher, or Assassin. Stanley Coren is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Psychology at the University of British Columbia. He is also an award winning behavioural researcher, a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, and was named as one of the 2000 outstanding scientists of the Twentieth Century. His many books on dog behaviour and human-canine interactions have been international bestsellers. His awards include the prestigious Maxwell Medal of Excellence from The Dog Writers Association of America for his book Born to Bark. Coren has been featured on Oprah, Larry King, and can be heard broadcasting a radio column on CBC. His newest book is Do Dogs Dream?

O Top1 Dog names

According to the lat est rankings, the top 10 most popular names for female dogs are: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Bella Lucy Luna Daisy Lola

6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Sadie Molly Bailey Maggie Stella

The most popular na mes for male dogs are: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Max Charlie Cooper Buddy Jack

6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Rocky Duke Bear Tucker Oliver

Notice that only one of these popular dog names — Bear — is not a familiar name or nickname fo r a person. And nearly half of these top names are also found in the to p 100 human baby names for this year.

How Soun s Can Stress or Calm Your Dog BY KAREN ELIZABETH BARIL

About 15 years ago, veterinarian Dr. Ernie Ward noticed that some dogs suffered from anxiety that he thought might be connected to noise pollution in the home.


He pointed out that early-generation LED lights and flatscreen televisions, for example, emitted high-frequency sounds when they started up. “Suddenly, there was this whole new range of sounds in the home that our animals experienced, but we did not.”


Fluorescent lights, motion detectors, and laptops are other common household items that make noises your dog can hear and react to.


Focus on the soundscape While soft beds and cozy blankets create a safe, comfy environment for our dogs, Dr. Ward also recommends focusing on the soundscape. To minimize the effects of electronic noise on your dog: 1

Turn off devices when you’re not using them.


Change alerts to more soothing sounds.


Create a safe soundscape room or area where your dog can get away from household noises into a quiet and soothing environment.


When playing music, keep the volume down and choose tunes that are calming to your dog.


“When we talk about sound perception, we need to be conscious of volume, of course, but we also need to understand sound frequency or hertz (Hz),” says Dr. Ward. “The upper threshold for human hearing is 20,000 Hz, but our dogs can hear sounds with frequencies as high as 45,000 Hz.”

Your dog’s sense of hearing is far more sensitive than yours, so he can be stressed by sounds you may not even be aware of. Find out how to create a more soothing soundscape for him in your home.

Your dog’s soundscape room should be free of TVs, routers, fluorescent lights, and other devices or appliances.

Frequency and tone Former concert musician and sound behaviourist, Janet Marlow, has studied the connection between sound frequency and stress in animals for more than 25 years. She found that frequency and tone were key. Janet’s research is supported by science. In a small pilot study completed in 2014, an Italian research team found that, in humans, high-frequency sounds increased cortisol (stress hormone) levels, while lower frequencies reduced them. The researchers used simple sound waves without melodies to support their theory: that the physical properties of sound cause a physiological response, as opposed to any particular piece of music. Although the study involved human subjects, Janet’s research shows a similar response in animals. She found that dogs experience three states of being: 1

A balanced state in which the dog is comfortable and at peace with his body and environment. This is the state dogs should spend most of their time in for optimum health benefits.


An environmentally stressed state, which we’d find in a noisy setting.


The acute stressed state in which the dog’s fight or flight response has been triggered.


“Creating the right sonic environment for our pets…allows them to experience that balanced state,” she says. When they experience this state, they are more likely to return to it even in times of stress.

The right music for dogs creates long-term benefits similar to what humans feel after practicing yoga or meditating. In times of stress, these practices help us find a calmer emotional state.

So, what types of music do animals love? “Violins, harps, soft guitars, and ‘ooh’ and ‘ahh’ style choruses are at the top of the list. Think of yourself drifting on a boat down a river. Those were the soothing tones I used.” Karen Elizabeth Baril is a pet blogger, author, and magazine writer. Her work has appeared in numerous animal and equine publications (



ACUTE HEARING IS PART OF CANINE EVOLUTION Your dog’s hearing, like his sense of smell, is closely tied to his evolution. His ancestors needed acute hearing to ensure survival in the wild. The snap of a twig or the screech of a hawk will still trigger a fight or flight response even though your dog lives a protected life in the comfort of your home. Living with a dog, “one can witness moments of flight as simple as a response to the sound of a plastic cup dropping on a kitchen floor,” Janet writes in her book, What Dogs Hear.


Pet Services






In an ever-evolving world, the pet industry is no stranger to innovation. One of the hottest trends is the ever-expanding arena of pet services. Ranging from positive training to pet

Insured for peace of mind

sitting to luxury boarding facilities, there’s something to meet the needs of every dog parent. Here’s a sampling of the many

Veterinary care is expensive, and an

pet services that can help us improve and streamline the lives of

unforeseen injury or illness can quickly

our canine companions.

result in thousands of dollars’ worth

Say cheese!

of bills. Pet insurance gives you the assurance that your animal is covered in the event of an accident or serious disease

What better way to capture the joy

that requires surgery or other treatments.

of your animal companion than

There are now all kinds of companies

with a photography session? A

offering pet insurance, although

growing number of photographers

policies differ from one to the

specialize in pet portraiture, and

other, so be sure to do your

these pros know how to bring out

homework when shopping

the best features in your animal,

around. Holistic care may not be included

from a dog’s gleaming eyes to a

by some companies, although more are now offering policies

pup’s saucy head tilt. Whether your

that cover various alternative therapies.

animal is taking part in a special occasion such as a wedding or agility competition, or you simply want a professional portrait of your best friend, booking a pet photographer is a sure way to immortalize the happy moments you share with your dog.

Looking good on the go Many dogs do well at a grooming “salon”,

Well trained

but if your dog hates the experience, you can remove a lot of his stress by calling

I f you need help training your dog, there’s no shortage of certified trainers, workshops and classes to get you on the right track. And more and more trainers are focusing on gentle, positive methods that help ensure a happy, well-behaved dog. A trainer will work with you and your dog, either one-on-one or in a group setting, to teach you effective training methods, tips and tricks, and help banish bad behaviours with reward-based techniques that make the

on the services of a mobile groomer. It’s also a great option for stay-at-home parents, seniors, those who don’t drive — or anyone else who prefers the convenience of having their dogs groomed in the comfort of their own homes. Mobile groomers are a great resource as well for dogs that are elderly, shy or animal-aggressive, and may not do well at a traditional grooming facility. You’ll probably pay more but the peace of mind may be worth it.

Best behaviour

whole process enjoyable as well as educational.

It can be difficult to understand why our dogs behave the way they do. We can’t just ask them what the problem is, or what to do about it. When unwanted behaviours are making life challenging, an animal behaviourist can help. These professionals study animals to figure out what causes


certain behaviours, including those triggered by fear or aggression.

spacious, climate-controlled accommodations, comfy beds,

They then use modification techniques to change those

special food or treats, plenty of playtime, exercise and individual

behaviours, resulting in a happier and better-adjusted dog.

attention. Always be sure to do your research when choosing a facility for your own dog. It’s important to not only look at cost,


but also the reputation of the business you are considering. Get a referral, if possible, from someone who has boarded their own

Dog walkers are a boon for those who work long hours, have busy schedules, or are unable to exercise their pups due to age or medical dis-

animals at the location.

Ahhh… so relaxing!

ability. All dogs benefit from social interaction, exercise, and stimulation via sight, scent and

Massage isn’t just for humans! It’s

sound, so hiring a dog walker to

also highly beneficial to our four-

ensure your dog gets one or two

legged friends. Massage helps with

walks a day is a

conditions such as anxiety, stress,

great fit for both

arthritis, muscle tension or spasms in

your own schedule

animals. It also helps stimulate the immune

and your pup’s!

system and lymphatic drainage systems, while increasing strength and range of motion. Pet massage is a particularly good service to consider if your animal is recovering from an injury or has been diagnosed with a condition known to be

While you are out Have a job that requires last-minute travel or weekends away? Cue the pet sitter! These professionals can be found in just about every community nowadays, and they usually give you the option of caring for your dog in your

soothed by this modality (e.g. anxiety or arthritis). Pet massage therapists abound, and you can also learn to do it yourself by taking one of the many courses available online.

Saying goodbye The hardest part of sharing our lives with a dog is having to say goodbye. Losing a beloved animal companion can be as painful as

home, the sitter’s home, or a combination

losing a human loved one, so it’s important to acknowledge and

tailored to your needs with customized

work through the grief. One way to do this is by honouring your

fees for each. An added benefit to

dog in some way. Pet cemeteries can be found nationwide these

hiring a pet sitter is that your dog will

days, or you can opt to have your dog cremated.

have a familiar face looking after him

There are also companies dedicated to creating heartfelt pet

while you are away. It’s best to hire an

memorials in the form of plaques, urns, or engraved

individual who is registered with a

stones. If you want something you can carry

professional organization such as

with you, other companies specialize in

Pet Sitters International.

memorial jewellery that features a picture of your animal, or even some of your

Home away from home

dog’s ashes incorporated into the piece.

Boarding facilities for dogs used to be pretty basic places that offered few

Melody Tavitian-Parra is passionate about writing, film, and

comforts. Nowadays, the concept

animal welfare. After majoring in English liand Spanish, she spent a year teaching in Puerto Rico. Melody is also an actress; her acting work can be seen on IMDb under Melody Parra.

of the boarding facility has, in many cases, evolved into the “pet hotel”. These businesses are dedicated to giving your dog the best possible care, with 44




een b e ’v u o Y g a T et P e h T g in h tc a M h it W ( r fo g waitin

Jewellery for You)

You know when you see something on Instagram and think, “I need that”? Well, now you and your pup can experience the thrill of being social media chic with a matching Gold Best Friend Set! Nadia Lee, aka Instagram’s theboujeegroomer, was recently seen out and about sporting a Best Friend Set with her beloved pooch! Find out what all the fuss is about — and why this is the pet tag you’ve needed your whole life.

Say It with Jewellery: You + Your Dog = Fulfillment The Best Friend Set is a special matching jewellery set for you and your pup. The pendant for your dog’s collar has a butterfly or heart cut-out, and it’s paired with a matching butterfly or heart pendant for your necklace. With these stunning sets, you can tell the world that you and your dog complete each other. What’s more, these elegant and timeless accessories complement any wardrobe and upgrade any collar from fine to fabulous!

The Most Beautiful Pet Tag You’ll Ever Buy — And the Last One You’ll Ever Need! It’s not hard to find high-end jewellery for pet parents, but it’s nearly impossible to find high quality, luxury pet tags for pooches. Best Friend Sets are made of extra-thick 14-karat gold PVD material with a durable,

tarnish-free stainless steel base that’s hypoallergenic and won’t irritate sensitive skin. What’s more, they have sturdy clasps that won’t break or fall off, so you’ll never have to worry about losing another pet tag!

What Are People Saying About Best Friend Sets? Nadia Lee is a dog groomer, content creator and a winner on an episode of HBO Max’s Haute Dog. She loves her butterfly Best Friend Set so much that she dedicated an entire photoshoot to it! And she’s not the only one talking about these luxury mom-and-dog jewellery sets. Vogue Magazine even called the sets “Meaningful matching accessories made for you and your pet!” So why buy a plain old pet tag when you can invest in a matching luxury jewellery set that’s a perfect symbol of your unending bond? Dogily is a team of animal lovers who believe that furry friends deserve to be adorned with high quality fashions. They are committed to sourcing the finest materials and creating accessories that are chic yet timeless. theboujeegroomer








uring the pandemic, record numbers of people welcomed a new dog into the family, and why not? With more people working from home, it gave us an opportunity to spend more time training and caring for our four-legged friends. As demand increased, so too did the number of breeders, some of whom clearly saw this as a money-making opportunity. But breeding healthy, well-adjusted puppies requires lots of attention to detail as well as passion, so let’s take a closer look at how to ensure your breeder is producing the very best puppies they can. Reputable breeders of purebreds carefully plan their breeding programs, and then cross fingers and hope for the best. For most breeders this is a passion and a lifelong commitment, and the satisfaction of seeing a lovely sound and healthy litter is worth all the work and time needed to get it right. 46


SELECTING THE RIGHT DAM It all starts with a good quality dam (mother). Most breeders will begin with one of their own dogs. She may have had some showring success but that doesn’t necessarily mean she’s good enough to breed. Breeders will consider if she came from a reputable kennel and her pedigree (see sidebar) includes proven dogs. They’ll look at whether she closely adheres to the written breed standard (see the Breed Listings on page 86), and have superior conformation and type. Some minor faults can be overlooked as no dog is perfect, but major faults or even disqualifications as listed in the standard should rule her out as a breeding prospect. Your breeder will also make sure that the potential dam is sound and healthy, and not inclined to recurring minor health problems such as allergies or frequent stomach

upsets. They will ensure that whatever breed-specific health tests are available — such as hip and elbow x-rays, eye exams, and heart tests — have been performed. Some of these tests cost hundreds of dollars, and the conscientious breeder will get them done.

possible. They will try to select a dog that is strong but not exaggerated in the features that are lacking in the dam so that the faults are less likely to show up in her puppies. Showring success may enter into the decision but may not be the deciding factor; a top-winning dog may not be the best choice. Cost and distance may be prohibitive, even if he seems to be an ideal choice. A suitable local dog may be preferable, but only if he ticks all the right boxes. Your breeder will check the results of the sire’s health tests, and if he is not a local dog, they will ask about his temperament. It should be appropriate for his breed, without excessive shyness or aggression. A great deal of research and decision making goes into producing a litter of quality purebred puppies. But the breeder’s reward is a lovely happy healthy litter, and your reward is a precious new family member!

A good temperament is obviously important. Dogs inherit some traits, since different breeds have different temperament requirements, but if the dam is fussy or timid, or panics easily, her puppies likely will pick up on these traits themselves just from her example. The ideal dam should mate with a sire easily, whelp a good-sized healthy litter naturally, and raise her puppies with care. Your breeder won’t know any of this until they breed the dog, but will likely have asked if her own dam was a difficult breeder or an indifferent mother to her puppies. Poor mothering skills may have passed on to her daughter. A dam has a great deal of influence on her puppies. Many breeders insist she is responsible for more than 50% of the puppies’ conformation, soundness, and temperament (some say this number is as high as 75%).

WHAT’S A PEDIGREE? A pedigree documents the genealogical history of your dog — who the dog’s parents, grandparents, great-grandparents, etc. were. All of these ancestors contributed some aspect to the genes on your dog’s chromosomes so they give breeders a starting point when they want to research a dog’s phenotype, including structure, behaviour, and intelligence — as well as diseases or disorders that may have occurred in the dog’s ancestry.

WHAT ABOUT THE SIRE? For the breeder, choosing which sire to use is filled with many decisions too. The breeder will analyze the pedigrees of the “fathers-to-be” and evaluate their ancestors to complement the dam and produce the very best puppies

Stephanie Horan and her husband Terry got their first Puli in 1969 when they lived in England. They immigrated to Canada in 1974, bringing several Pulis with them. They have been breeding and showing ever since, competing in conformation and obedience in Canada and the U.S., though in recent years, conformation showing has been their main interest. Stephanie, an award-winning writer, lives in Nova Scotia.



right way to teach your your dog to


Teaching a dog to swim is easier than you think. When the warm weather returns, these four steps will help transform your pooch into a true water baby. Summer might seem a long way off right now, but it’ll be here again before you know it, and you’ll probably want to bring your pup along to the beach or cottage with you. While some dogs take to the water naturally, others need some help and encouragement. That means a lot more than just tossing your pup into a pool or lake. For rookie and veteran dog parents alike, teaching a pooch how to swim can be accomplished in a few short steps.

come to play with you near the water. These first steps are vital to a successful experience.

1. Start slow Keep in mind that some dogs hate water, while others love it. Remember, big bodies of water can be very intimidating, even for humans! If your dog is a bit apprehensive about the water, or has never experienced it before, introduce her to it very slowly. Never force a dog into the water — this can give her a negative and scary first impression. So if she’s resisting, or showing signs of nervousness, just try again later. Encourage your dog to enter the water on her own. You can do this by enticing her with a toy or asking her to 48


2. Stay shallow Once your dog is comfortable with being around water, begin your training in a shallow area. If you’re at a lake, stick close to the shore. Let him get used to being in the water. Encourage him to enter the water one paw at a time so as to not overstimulate him with the new sensation. It can be an

overwhelming experience for a dog, so letting him know you are there to protect him helps. Depending on the dog, he might cling to you in an attempt to get out of the water. This is normal; just keep reassuring and encouraging him in a calm voice.


If you’re in a pool, stay close to the exit and let your dog find it on his own. Repeat this until you are 100% certain he knows how to get himself out.


Dogs that aren’t built for swimming include Pugs, Bulldogs and other shortnosed breeds.

Some dogs won’t take to the water no matter what and you shouldn’t force the issue, but most will come to love swimming if they’re taught properly, with plenty of praise and patience.

3. Make it fun As with any training experience, you want to make sure that teaching your dog to swim is a positive experience for her, so she’ll have a good feeling about it the next time. Providing lots of praise and encouragement lets her know she’s doing something fun and good. Playing with toys as well as paddling and swimming along with your dog is a great way to reassure her that swimming is a fun time. Once she knows how to swim, she might enjoy participating in other aquatic leisure activities with you, such as paddle boarding, surfing, and kayaking.

Elissa Weimer-Sentner is the founder, co-owner, and head trainer of Paw & Order Dog Training. She has extensive experience and understanding of advanced canine training methodologies and coaching, and has developed programs that specialize in all levels of dog training including puppy training, basic obedience, intense behavior modification, and more. Elissa was awarded Dog Training Specialist of the Year in 2021.

BE SAFE Before jumping into the deep end with your dog, keep these safety tips in mind: Dogs can get exhausted from swimming, and that can be serious if they can’t make it out of the water when they need to. Always watch your dog while he’s swimming; drowning can happen in seconds.

4. Be safe

Be aware of the water temperature; dogs can quickly succumb to hypothermia if it’s too cold.

When your dog is in or near deep water, put a canine life vest or flotation device on him to protect against drowning. This is especially important if you take him boating. Measure your dog carefully before buying to ensure you get a proper fit.

Dogs can also suffer from water intoxication, which occurs when a dog swallows too much water while swimming. Water intoxication can cause a dog to vomit, become nauseous, or collapse from weakness and lack of coordination.

Depending on where you’re swimming, marine animals such as snapping turtles can pose a risk if they’re attacked, so keep your eyes peeled.

Ensure the body of water your dog is swimming in is clean and free of pathogens such as blue-green algae and Giardia, a water-borne parasite.


4 Steps





Leash reactivity can make your dog difficult to walk. Help bring the fun back to your jaunts by making the world a friendlier place for him. Walking our dogs should be an enjoyable, enriching opportunity to connect with our canine companions, and with nature. But sometimes, dogs — and the people who love them — aren’t able to enjoy this basic activity due to leash reactivity. What does leash reactivity look like? If you’ve seen (or maybe even experienced) a dog barking and lunging at the end of the leash, seemingly upset and



triggered by the sight of a person, vehicle or other animal, that’s a leash reactive dog. These canines are experiencing a real struggle in that moment. The frustration for both dog and guardian not only causes stress for both, but can even strain the bond between them. Fortunately, there are steps that pet parents can take to correct this.


start with the gear First, change what’s easy, such as your dog’s walking gear. Say he reacts to something during a walk by lunging. An enthusiastic dog might hit the end of the leash with great force. If the leash is attached to a collar that tightens or pinches, this action is going to create pressure on delicate structures of the neck area, causing pain and discomfort, even injury, and leading the dog to form negative associations with what he is focused on. This distress, in turn, can cause him to either bark at, lunge

towards, or attempt to run away from that person, animal, or object in the future. Each time this cycle repeats, what may have started as excitement and curiosity becomes more and more uncomfortable and negative for the dog. As a result, the reactivity worsens and intensifies. One element needed for a more stress-free walking experience is a comfortable, well-fitting harness with leash attachment. Safety and comfort are essential here, so look for a harness that has these features: Easily adjustable straps for a custom fit, so it’s comfortable but the dog can’t slip out of it by backing up. Nothing that restricts movement or causes chafing or rubbing. Multiple locations for leash attachment, providing you with choices: Attach the leash to the front clip to help decrease pulling. Attach the leash to the back clip for traditional walking and other activities. Does not “correct” your dog in any way — this will not help him walk easily and calmly. Protects the sensitive and vital structures of your dog’s neck from injury.


cOnsult the prOfessiOnals

Keep in mind that even the best harness does not teach your dog to walk politely on a leash, or address the underlying emotions that have led to, or reinforced, the behaviour of lunging and pulling. For that we need a humane, ethical, force-free, professional dog trainer and/or behaviour consultant for support and guidance. Working on basic life skills, often in the form of training games, helps prepare both dog and person for successful and enjoyable walks. Foundational skills such as loose leash walking, recall, association games, and politely greeting other dogs and people are some of the techniques trainers use. They can be practiced indoors at first — with fewer distractions and triggers — then gradually generalized to real-life situations.


Change yOur dOg’s perceptiOns

When working with a reactive dog, the goal is to help her change her perceptions, or how she feels towards certain triggers. This is where association games can be so helpful. For example, using treats, play a fun game with your dog in front of a window, open door, or in the yard while waiting for other dogs to walk by. This teaches her that the presence of



another canine is linked to positive attention and something good to eat. You can reinforce this by stopping the flow of play and treats when the other dog disappears. To be clear, you are not rewarding barking and lunging behaviour. You are helping change your dog’s emotional state from “I’m upset and frustrated” to “Wow! This is awesome!” You’ll know your dog “gets it” when she looks at a passing dog, then looks at you for a treat! She is now associating the sight of another dog with fun, games and encouragement, instead of frustration.


Interrupt and redirect

Depending on your dog’s degree of reactivity, another option is to take the “do this instead of that” approach. In this case, you are asking for and rewarding a specific behaviour. For example, when another dog (or cyclist, jogger, etc.) appears, gently ask your dog to “watch me” instead of the distraction, then reward him generously for doing so. You can also ask for any other behaviour your



dog knows. By redirecting him to do something that is more productive, which pays off in a fun way, you’ll eventually have an easier time walking together. This also creates a positive conditioned response around your dog’s triggers — a total win-win for all. In time, with patience and persistence, as well as the right gear and humane, well-designed walking gear, you can turn what were once challenging times into a chance to grow and deepen your bond with your dog.

Joan Hunter Mayer is a certified professional canine behaviour consultant. In 2005, she founded her dog training business, The Inquisitive Canine. A Fear Free certified pet professional, Joan holds other certifications, including CBCC-KA and CPDT-KA from the Certification Council for Professional Dog Trainers (CCPDT) and The Academy for Dog Trainers Certificate in Training and Counseling (CTC). She is a Certified Canine Nose Work Instructor from NACSW, and a certified separation anxiety trainer (CSAT).


Did you know that the bond between dogs and their people can have profound effects on canine behaviour? Dogs see their humans as a “safe haven” and therefore look to us for protection, guidance and comfort in unfamiliar or stressful situations. The dog-human bond may even have an influence on canine sleep patterns, according to a recent study conducted by researchers at the Department of Ethology at Eötvös Loránd University in Hungary. Published in the journal Animals, the study looked at the quality of sleep experienced by dogs who slept in a new environment with their humans, and how it was impacted by the attachment between the dogs and their people.

ATTACHMENT BEHAVIOUR AND SLEEP EEG The researchers did parallel studies of attachment behaviour and sleep electroencephalography (EEG) in 42 dogs. The bond the dogs had with their people was measured using an adapted version of the Strange Situation Test, developed by psychologists to assess the human infant-mother bond. Each dog’s sleep was examined during an afternoon nap with his or her person in an unfamiliar place — the university’s sleep lab — using a completely

non-invasive EEG method (similar to that used in humans). “Sleep plays an important role in processes such as learning, emotion processing and development,” explains Vivien Reicher, PhD student at the university. “When a human (or dog) sleeps, it is important to sleep ‘well’. The quality of sleep can be measured by different parameters — for example, by sleep fragmentation or the length of deep sleep.”

STRONGER BONDS = BETTER SLEEP The researchers found that higher attachment scores in the study dogs were associated with more time in deep sleep, known as the most relaxing sleep phase. “Sleeping in a new place for the first time can be stressful,” says study author Cecília Carreiro. “But these results suggest that dogs with higher attachment scores sleep better, presumably because the owners provide a more secure environment for their dogs, so they can relax and have a good nap.”


Why buying

Canadian makes good sense


anadians have a quiet pride in our country, and that means many of us buy from local

or Canadian businesses whenever possible. Supporting domestic companies creates jobs, ensures workers are getting fair wages, helps local economies, increases the tax base, and fuels construction projects. As if that’s not enough, there are other reasons why pet parents might want to shop Canadian.


When you buy dog food, treats, supplements, and other products from companies in this country, you’re giving a leg up to local businesses, communities, and neighbours. For example, if you purchase Canadian pet food, you’re supporting Canadian companies, employees, families, farmers, and more. And here’s another thing you can feel good about: buying from local and nearby businesses can reduce your carbon footprint because products don’t have to travel as far to get to your door. Further, Canadians have high standards when it comes to pet safety, and that means people are more careful about how things are made and what ingredients go into pet products. You can feel good about giving your pup food, treats, supplements, and toys when you buy them from

HIGHER STANDARDS Buying from a local or national business also means higher-quality ingredients and products, transparent manufacturing processes, safer products, and sustainable business practices. In other words, buying from a company in Canada is better for you, for your pup, and for your friends, family, and neighbours! Canada means quality and safety, and that’s what pet parents care about most when choosing products for their dogs. With that in mind, let’s look at some excellent Canadian companies you can support next time you need dog food, treats, leashes, harnesses, pet tags, supplements, and other products for your pups!

Canadian companies.



The Barkery is an all-natural bakery that makes dog cookies, birthday cakes, training treats, jerky, and snaps and delivers them right to your door. Located in Stratford, Ontario, The Barkery’s mission is to provide fresh, delicious, healthy, homemade treats that dogs love and that pet parents can feel good about!

Boreal is a Canadian pet food company based in Beamsville, Ontario that specializes in wet and dry food, supplements, and dog treats. They use primarily Canadian ingredients with a low glycemic index to help pet parents manage obesity and diabetes, and they only sell their products in neighbourhood pet stores.




Dienon is a Toronto-based pet food company with a twist! Their products are sustainable, eco-friendly, and hypoallergenic because they use alternative protein sources like black soldier fly and real food ingredients like turkey, amaranth, and salmon oil. The company is highly focused on using 100% Canadian ingredients and

MyFamily Canada is the Quebec-based headquarters of MyFamily, a company that makes high-end leashes, collars, harnesses, and pet tags that keep fourlegged family members comfortable and safe. They also have Memopet harnesses, leashes, and collars, which have embedded NFC microchips that store data about your pup and track

supporting local partners and suppliers.

your adventures!

BUDDY BELT Buddy Belt is a Toronto-based company that strives to improve the lives of dogs with products that make walks safer and more comfortable. They have uniquely designed harnesses, leashes, and collars, as well as pet tags, fashionable harness liners, and special purses that make it chic and easy to carry around poop bags!

PET-TEK Pet-Tek is a family-run Canadian pet product and supplement company based in Alberta. The company’s mission is to prevent animal companions from suffering needlessly, and they have products and supplements to help with any ailment, including allergies, yeast infections, bad breath, immune and digestive health, and everything else in between.

VIVUS Vivus is an Ontario-based company that makes vegan dog treats, dental chews, and supplement chews that promote health using real foods. Vivus’ plant-based treats are nutritionally balanced, sustainable, cruelty-free, and backed by animal science so that you can feed your pup

OMEGA ALPHA Omega Alpha makes supplements for twoand four-legged family members. They have detoxification, nutrition, and performance/ mobility supplements for dogs, including multivitamins, immune supplements, liver and kidney detoxes, and more. Omega Alpha uses all-natural formulations to improve pet health, and their products are made and tested in Canada.

like you feed the rest of your family.

RIDALCO RIDALCO Industries Inc. is a metal fabrication company based in Ottawa that specializes in high quality dog grooming sinks and related accessories. They have a variety of sink styles that are perfect for groomers and pet stores, as well as drying and grooming tables, ramps, steps, special faucets, and beyond.


Photo courtesy of Renée D'Souza

Photo courtesy of Renée D'Souza Zyla the Border Collie in the field.



There are all kinds of working dogs, and they fill an impressive range of roles. You may be familiar with those involved in search and rescue or others that provide support to people with special needs. But did you know that some working dogs also play a role in environmental conservation? These “conservation canines” are specially trained to work with scientists, researchers and government officials whose jobs include finding and studying endangered wildlife, rooting out invasive species, or uncovering evidence of environmental crimes. Let’s see how clever canines across Canada are helping to preserve our natural environment and the creatures that inhabit it.

Keeping invasive species at bay Invasive species can do a lot of damage to ecosystems, so rooting them out is a key conservation goal. Locating wildlife in the field can be challenging, but conservation



canines possess a valuable tool their human counterparts don’t — an amazing sense of smell! Zebra mussels are an example of a non-native aquatic species that has invaded many of our waterways. A group of three conservation canines and their handlers, who work with the Aquatic Invasive Species Program through the Government of Alberta, are doing a good job at helping to keep this prolific freshwater mussel out of the province’s lakes. The dogs who make up the Alberta Conservation K9 Unit are a Chocolate Lab named Diesel; a German Shepherd called Suess; and Hilo, a Black Lab/ Golden Retriever mix. “In Alberta, all watercraft must undergo inspection at

Photo courtesy of Renée D'Souza

Photo courtesy of Renée D'Souza

Sable finding threatened species.

Seuss sniffs a watercraft for invasive aquatic species. Hilo on the hunt for zebra mussels.

Photo courtesy of Renée D'Souza

border crossings, in an effort to keep aquatic invasive species such as zebra mussels out of the province’s water bodies,” says Renée D'Souza, a team member of The Lives of Animals Research Group at York University. “The dogs help their handlers locate any signs of zebra mussels on the watercraft. These canines help make the job quicker and easier, and improve the public’s perception of the program.” The dogs are also trained to sniff out zebra mussels along Alberta’s shorelines. So how did they teach the dogs to specifically sniff out the mussels? Trainers used positive reinforcement methods. An object would be hidden on a watercraft and the dog and handler would then search for it. “As soon as the dog located the item and sat down (indicating that they found it), they would be given their favourite toy to play with, thus encouraging the behaviour,” explains Renée.


play and hunting drives,” says Renée. The dogs have mostly been Labradors, but the team also includes a Pudelpointer, a German dog bred for hunting. Training the dogs involved teaching them how to track with their handlers, and to find hidden items. “A large part of the training is actually getting the dog and handler to understand each other and communicate effectively with one another,” adds Renée.


threatened species

Uncovering environmental crimes Conservation canines are also used to expose environmental offenses. In Ontario, special “K9 units” work with conservation officers from the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry to help find evidence of poaching, overfishing, and other crimes. “For example, if a poaching incident occurred in a given area, the police officer working on the case would contact the local conservation officer, and their dog would help locate evidence, such as shell casings,” says Renée. “The Ontario conservation officer team uses the collected data as evidence in court cases.” Most of the dogs chosen for this particular initiative were purchased from breeders. “The team wanted to work with specific breeds with the particular traits they were bred for, such as high



Maintaining balance in an ecosystem is vitally important so it’s important to study any species at risk. Researchers in Nova Scotia have been using dogs to help them locate threatened species like wood turtles and Eastern ribbonsnakes. Ribbonsnakes are good at hiding themselves in stumps or under vegetation, so they’re not easy to find — unless you have a dog that’s been specially trained to sniff them out! “It’s all about the nose,” says Simon Gadbois, PhD, who works in the Wildlife Conservation Canines & Ethology Lab at Dalhousie University, where he trained some of the dogs used for this project. “The dogs help us with cryptic species, in high vegetation, where vision is limited. They’re chosen based on their levels of motivation and performance and are trained on detection, discrimination and search using force-free, fear-free and stress-free methods. They are trained in the lab first to make sure they can discriminate between ribbonsnakes and other species, and are then deployed for field training.” One of the goals of Eastern ribbonsnake recovery efforts is to find their overwintering locations, and this is what dogs have been primarily used

for, according to Jeffie McNeil, Species at Risk Biologist with Mersey Tobeatic Research Institute (MTRI). Her own dog, a Border Collie named Boomer, worked with her in the field for many years. “She had some formal training but much of her experience came from accompanying me to the field,” Jeffie says. “She was decent at finding snakes, but really shone at finding turtles during the spring when they were up basking on land.” As you can see, conservation canines are far more than just a trend. These valuable dogs are making important contributions to the preservation of threatened species and ecosystems, and the health of Canada’s natural environment.

Ann Brightman is Managing Editor for Animal Wellness Magazine and Innovative Veterinary Care Journal, published by Redstone Media Group. A lifelong animal lover, she has also been a writer and editor for over 30 years. Ann is a member of the Canadian Freelance Guild and is a volunteer editor and writer for The Curlew, published by the Willow Beach Field Naturalists.

WHAT ELSE ARE CONSERVATION CANINES DOING? This article provides just a few examples of the projects that conservation canines are involved in. Here are some more! Specially-trained dogs provided by an organization called Rogue Detection Teams have done a lot of conservation work in Canada: An Australian Cattle Dog named Pips was used to sniff out the scat of a rare and threatened ermine found only in Haida Gwaii, British Columbia, providing researchers with important information to help protect this elusive species. Working with Environment Canada and BC Parks, a detection dog named Scooby was instrumental in the search for Storm Petrel burrows, also in Haida Gwaii. Storm Petrels are small seabirds that nest in burrows on offshore islands. A dog named Alli — another Australian Cattle Dog — helped researchers sniff out endangered Oregon spotted frogs in British Columbia’s Fraser Valley, making an important contribution to the conservation of this rare amphibian. Diesel, Suess and Hilo of the Alberta Conservation K9 Unit have been used for more than rooting out zebra mussels — they’ve also been trained to detect two other invasive species in the province — wild boar, and Thesium Arvense, a non-native weed found in Fish Creek Provincial Park.



NO MATTER HOW CLEAN THEY LOOK, YOUR DOG’S FOOD AND WATER BOWLS MAY HARBOUR BACTERIA THAT CAN MAKE HIM SICK. ALONG WITH DAILY WASHING, CHOOSING THE RIGHT TYPE OF BOWL HELPS MINIMIZE THE RISK. If your dog is like most, he probably licks his bowl clean after every meal. But that doesn’t mean it is clean. The same applies to his water bowl. In fact, a recent study done by NSF International, an organization that tests products to ensure they’re safe for consumers, showed that a dog’s water bowl is 60


the third most contaminated item in a typical household, and is a breeding ground for germs and bacteria. But it doesn’t have to be this way — choosing the right type of bowl for your dog, along with daily cleansing, helps ensure those bad microbes don’t get a chance to take hold.

DOG BOWL MATERIALS – THE WORST AND THE BEST PLASTIC Bowls made from plastic aren’t a good choice. Over time, plastic can develop tiny scratches, nicks and cracks that can harbor bacteria. Even rigorous cleaning may not reach the germs tucked away in these microscopic crevices. Additionally, the chemicals in plastic bowls absorb through the skin and may inhibit the synthesis of melanin, leaving your dog’s nose with pink blotches. According to the NSF study, this condition is actually called “plastic dish nasal dermatitis”. The characteristic loss of pigment on the nose and around the mouth is due to p-benzylhydroquinone, a chemical found in many plastics. This chemical inhibits the production of melanin, which produces dark pigments in the body. It’s also widely known that plastic materials contain bisphenol A (BPA), which can damage a dog’s health.

CERAMIC According to a UK study done at University Centre Hartpury, ceramic bowls are also capable of disease transmission. The goal of this particular study was to identify if bowl material (i.e. plastic, ceramic, stainless steel) and duration of use influence the quantity and species of bacteria present. The highest levels of bacteria were found in plastic bowls used over a period of time, while the most harmful bacterial species, including E.coli and MRSA, were most frequently identified in ceramic bowls. Unlike ceramic bowls and dishes for human use, ceramic dog bowls do not have to be certified as safe.

STAINLESS STEEL Of all dog bowl choices, stainless steel is the best. This material is non-porous, which means bacteria can’t find crevices or cracks in which to grow. It’s durable, easy to clean and mostly dishwasher safe. Keep in mind that bacteria can still build up on the surface of a stainless steel bowl, but daily cleaning easily washes it away. Preventing bacteria from growing in your dog’s food and water bowls is very important. All you have to do is choose the right material (i.e. stainless steel) and make sure you keep his bowls sparkling clean. It’s easier than you think!

Christine Caplan is a Certified Vet Tech, and a long-time PR veteran and content marketing expert who brings her unique understanding of social and digital media to connect dog lovers to brands both on and offline. She lives with three hounds – two “doxies” and a beagle/basset hound mix -- who constantly teach her about life and companionship (

HOW TO KEEP YOUR DOG’S BOWLS CLEAN Just rinsing your dog bowls isn’t enough. Dog dishes need to be cleaned daily or after every meal if your dog eats canned or raw food. Sanitize dishes in a dishwasher or scrub by hand with hot soapy water, then rinse. For those who feel rinsing should be enough, try this test — feel the bottom of your dog’s water bowl with your finger when it’s empty. If it’s slippery and slimy, it needs to be washed. If the bowl hasn’t been washed for a few days, you may notice a faint pink or brown scum clinging to the sides — this is a bacteria called Serratia marcescens. Gross! Here are 3 steps to take for bacteria-free dog bowls: 1. Use stainless steel, dishwasher-safe bowls. 2. Have more than one set of bowls, so you can rotate them in and out and get each one in the dishwasher or sink after every use. 3. Wash the bowls daily. Also, once a week, place them for one minute in a solution of 4 tsps of bleach per quart of water. Rinse thoroughly and allow to air-dry. You can also use vinegar.


5 ways T o


de tal disease

in dogs Dental disease is extremely common in dogs, and can be very painful and damaging when left untreated. Infection in your dog’s mouth can have farreaching effects on many of her organs, including the kidneys, liver, lungs and heart. Fortunately, there are many things you can do at home to prevent dental disease from developing and progressing, and help keep your dog healthy, happy and comfortable.





You are your dog’s best advocate when it comes to protecting against dental disease. Weekly oral exams can help you prevent dental disease from developing.

Safety tip:

Begin your dog’s oral exam by gently lifting her upper lip to look at the teeth in the front and on the side of her mouth. Then pull the corner of her mouth back to reveal the top and bottom teeth further back in the mouth. Repeat on both sides.

Here are few things you are looking for and what to do if you find them: • Tartar and calculus – Tartar can range in colour from white to dark brown, and needs to be removed by your


veterinarian. However, daily brushing will prevent further accumulation. • Gingivitis – This issue often starts as a thin red line along the gumline. When severe, the redness can cover a wide area. If the gingivitis is mild, try brushing your dog’s teeth daily, and alert your veterinarian. • Fractured teeth – When caught early, fractured teeth can often be saved. Be sure to alert your veterinarian as soon as possible. • Tooth resorption – This problem appears as a bright red area where the gum meets the tooth. It’s a very painful condition that your veterinarian can treat. For ideal oral health, your dog should visit your veterinarian at least every six months for a thorough oral examination. Ideally, it’s a good idea to begin daily brushing

Dental disease affects most dogs, but it doesn’t have to be that way. Follow these five steps to a healthier mouth.

3 and weekly oral exams as early in your dog’s life as possible, in order to identify dental disease early on, as well as expose her to these practices at a young age. But it’s never too late to start, no matter what your dog’s age.



Raw bones can help support dental health in your dog, but keep in mind that they only work on certain surfaces. Depending on the type of bone, they can also cause

tooth fractures in dogs. Raw chicken, turkey or duck necks are less likely to cause fractures than shank or knucklebones. If you give your dog raw bones, check her teeth weekly for possible fractures. Finding fractures early gives your veterinarian the option of placing a bonded sealant on the tooth, possibly preventing the need for extraction. As an alternative to raw bones, pet products designed specifically for chewing are a popular option. While shopping, keep in mind that any material harder than your dog’s tooth enamel may cause damage to her teeth. Try rubber chew toys and balls, and pig and cow ears (always monitor your dog to prevent choking).


The food you give your dog can make a huge difference in her health and longevity. Quality is key, so avoid products that are high in carbohydrates and harmful additives. Commercial kibbles are often advertised as beneficial for decreasing tartar and calculus build-up, but this isn’t true. A high quality canned, raw, or home-prepared diet that is low in carbs and high in protein is the best option. You can also consider adding a dental supplement to her water.

Safety tip: Keep in mind that if you are home-preparing your dog’s food, it’s vital to ensure that it’s balanced. Otherwise, it can create deficiencies in important vitamins and minerals, which have been associated with disease of the gums as well as the tooth structure below the gumline. If you are feeding your dog a home-prepared diet, enlist the help of a veterinary professional to ensure it’s balanced.




Brushing your dog’s teeth every day is one of the most powerful ways you can prevent dental disease! It can prevent tartar accumulation, gingivitis, and periodontal disease. I recommend starting a brushing routine as early as possible in a dog’s life, even while they still have their baby teeth. Brushing is important even if your dog is already an adult. Don’t strive for perfection when brushing your dog’s teeth. While you may want to get every tooth every time, listen to her cues. If she’s growing tired and you have only done one side of her mouth, don’t worry. The other side can be done later that day, or the next day. Be patient and consistent, and do your best. For more teeth brushing tips, see our article on page 34.



In addition to brushing, or if you don’t get to brush as often as you like, you can use a natural dental spray to help eliminate tartar and prevent further accumulation.



Studies in humans have demonstrated a decrease in gingivitis when probiotics were applied directly to the gums. These beneficial bacteria may have a role in decreasing inflammation. While more research is needed for dogs, there are additional benefits to using oral probiotics in animals, including better digestion and improved immune function. I recommend probiotics for all my patients, with or without dental disease.

It’s never too late to help prevent dental disease in your dog. Follow the steps outlined in this article and be as consistent as you can. Your dog will be happier and healthier thanks to your care. Dr. Angie Krause graduated from Texas A&M University, College of Veterinary Medicine in 2007. She incorporates many holistic modalities into her practice, has a love for Traditional Chinese Medicine and Physical Medicine, and also offers laser therapy, myofascial release, physical therapy, nutrition, and more. Dr. Angie has a house call practice called Boulder Holistic Vet (




Dog parks are increasingly popular for both dogs and their people. Going to the dog park gives your pup an opportunity to romp around off-leash and socialize with other dogs, while you get a chance to meet like-minded people. Follow the tips in this article to make sure your visits to the dog park are a safe and positive experience for everyone.

1. KNOW YOUR DOG’S PERSONALITY Your dog should be well socialized with other canines and enjoy their company. If she merely tolerates other dogs, or prefers playing with only a few familiar friends, she will not enjoy a visit to a crowded dog park. The high-intensity play


and changing group dynamics may be a stressful experience and cause her to be even more fearful and uncomfortable in future. Tip: Many dog parks offer a separate area for small or timid dogs. Choose the appropriate section for your own pup.

2. CONSIDER ANY HEALTH CONCERNS • Never take a sick or injured dog to the dog park. Not only could he pass disease along to other dogs, but if he’s feeling ill or in pain he may act aggressively towards other dogs. • Puppies that haven’t yet received their core vaccines should never visit the dog park. They can contract dangerous and life-threatening diseases, such as parvovirus and distemper, through direct contact with infected dogs or feces. e mindful of your senior dog and ensure his •B safety and comfort. Older dogs who suffer from age-related health problems, such as arthritis or loss of vision or hearing, are vulnerable around younger, more rambunctious canines.

4. BE CAREFUL WITH TREATS AND TOYS Many dog parks specifically prohibit bringing food. Feeding your dog around other canines can lead to aggression when she tries to protect her valuable treats. Tip: If she likes to play fetch, make sure you play in an area away from other dogs to avoid fights over the toy.

5. BE MINDFUL WHEN ENTERING THE PARK When a dog is leashed around unleashed dogs, he can feel restricted and become defensive. Take advantage of the separate enclosed entrance space that most dog parks are equipped with, which allows you to safely unleash your dog before entering the park. The arrival of a new dog will often attract other canines to the entrance area. Wait for the dogs to disperse before entering. Once you’re in the park, move away from the gate into open space and encourage your dog to follow you.

6. SUPERVISE KIDS AT ALL TIMES ids visiting dog parks must be closely and constantly supervised. K They should not be allowed to play on the grounds or approach other dogs. Dog parks are designed to allow dogs to be dogs, and people should not have to worry about how their canines will react to a running or screaming child.

3. MAKE SURE HE’S WELL-TRAINED Your dog should have a reliable recall, meaning he will come when asked. After teaching him this basic behaviour, gradually add distractions to the training environment before you take him to the dog park, where distractions are everywhere. It is very important to be able to call your dog away from other canines in order to prevent a potential altercation.

7. CLEAN UP AFTER YOUR DOG Pay attention to your dog and immediately clean up after him to keep the park grounds clean and free from health hazards.



8. INTERRUPT PLAY IF NECESSARY Dog parks are highly stimulating, and intense play between aroused dogs may erupt into fights. When one dog is trying to get away from another’s excessive chasing or humping, it is time to intervene before things escalate. Some dogs like to roughhouse with each other, but make sure the dogs involved are truly enjoying this play style. Interrupt the roughhousing when you see tension rising.

Tip: One way to keep play sessions short is to keep moving. Allow your dog to play, then continue to walk around to give her the choice of engaging with or avoiding dogs.

9. LEAVE IF NECESSARY If your dog is not having a good time, or is over-stimulated and becomes unruly — e.g. engaging in excessive chasing or showing aggressive behaviour — it is time to leave. Everyone’s safety and enjoyment of the park takes priority.

10. OBSERVE YOUR DOG Just as you would keep an eye on your child on the playground, pay close attention to your dog at all times to keep him and others safe. Learning about canine body language will enable you to recognize stress signals. When you see any of these signs, your dog is not enjoying himself and it’s time to go: • Trying to avoid any contact with other dogs

ASSESS DOG PARK CONDITIONS Dog parks vary in size. A large space gives dogs the opportunity to spread out and take a break from all the hustle and bustle. Pick a time when it is not too busy and leave when it gets too crowded. Dog walkers will sometimes bring a large group of dogs to the park. This can lead to problems because it is nearly impossible for one person to control several dogs. Observe the dogs in the park. Excessive roughhousing and chasing can quickly turn into a fight. Watch for dogs that relentlessly chase or hump other canines even when they try to get away. Responsible dog guardians will intervene. But all too often, people spend time chatting with other park visitors or looking at their phones, and not paying adequate attention to their dogs. You cannot control other people’s behaviour, and sometimes it is better to leave in order to avoid conflicts between dogs or humans.

Likewise, when you see others dogs displaying these behaviours, keep moving along with your dog to give them space.

11. ALWAYS CONSIDER YOUR DOG’S NEEDS Respect your dog’s personality and put his needs first. If he does not enjoy being around a large number of unfamiliar dogs, there are plenty of other ways to exercise and socialize him. If your dog loves going to the dog park, it’s still a good idea to offer other exercise options. Daily dog park visits can sometimes lead to over-stimulation and unruly behaviour even outside the dog park.

• Tucked tail • Crouched posture • Stiff body • Drooling • Excessive panting (not because it is hot) • Looking away • Yawning • Slow movements

T ip: Mix things up for a balanced lifestyle. Take your dog on regular walks, play with her, and allow for quiet time. Going to the dog park is a great opportunity for your canine companion to exercise, play and socialize. As long as you consider her needs and take the appropriate safety precautions, it can be a lot of fun for both of you.

Andrea Gronwald is a certified family dog trainer through Raise with Praise, Inc., owned and operated by Paul Owens, a leading positive dog training expert. She has worked with dogs for two Humane Societies. Andrea and her dog were also part of a volunteer pet therapy program for veterans. She has taught group and private classes, and is a strong proponent of positive training methods.



BLACK SOLDIER FLY: A superior protein for your dog and the environment

Protein is an important part of your dog’s diet. The essential amino acids in protein help your dog’s body to function properly. Protein assists in muscle development, healthy cognitive function, and skin and coat health. Unfortunately, some traditional protein sources, such as cows and sheep, are not very environmentally friendly. With that in mind, science has turned to an alternative protein source that’s also eco-sensitive — insects!

BLACK SOLDIER FLY: A HARDY PROTEIN SOURCE Insects have popped up on various restaurant menus over the last few years. You may have seen crickets at a trendy burger place, for instance. For dogs, insects have long been part of their natural diet. You may have even seen your dog munching on a bug they caught in the garden. But the insect that offers the highest amount of protein by far is the Black Soldier Fly larva. This protein powerhouse has two times more protein than beef, more calcium than milk, and contains nine essential amino acids. Black Soldier Fly larva is also an excellent source of essential minerals and vitamin B. Plus, it’s hypoallergenic. All this combined makes this insect a front-runner in the pet food industry — it’s the perfect high-protein ingredient for your dog’s diet.

GREAT FOR THE ENVIRONMENT, AND DOGS LIKE IT! Of course, the Black Soldier Fly doesn’t only benefit your dog; it’s a better protein source for the environment too.

Meat consumption is one of the leading causes of high greenhouse gas emissions like methane, CO2, and nitrous oxide. These greenhouse gases are a major reason why global warming is progressing at a rapid rate. Harvesting Black Soldier Fly larva uses 2,000 times less water and 99% less greenhouse gases than beef. And dogs like the taste. In feeding trials, insect-based food had similar palatability to kibble-based diets using more conventional protein sources.

DOG FOOD THAT MAKES A DIFFERENCE Utilizing Black Soldier Fly larva as a pet food protein source requires research and careful preparation. Dienon is a Canadian company that is completely committed to producing superior pet diets incorporating Black Soldier Fly larva, as well as other high quality protein-packed superfoods such as salmon, ancient grains and turkey. This innovative, GMO-free dog food brand has three different dog food options, from a puppy and small breed recipe to a large breed diet, all of which are crafted by animal nutrition experts to make sure that every ingredient adds nutritional value.

With Dienon, you can feel good about what you’re feeding your dog…. and the impact on the environment too!



Exercise tips to keep your senior dog’s


From improving memory and cognition to strengthening muscles, regular exercise enhances the wellbeing of your senior dog.


e’ve all seen it. The 80-year-old ladies lifting weights, doing Tai chi, going

for power walks, staying healthy and mobile. These active octogenarians are striving for not only a long lifespan, but a long healthspan as well. Likewise, our older canine dogs need to exercise and keep moving to achieve a healthspan that matches their lifespan. So why does exercise help exactly?



The hippocampus is the area of the brain in charge of memory and learning. In elderly humans, sequential imaging studies have shown hippocampal atrophy. Think about your elderly relatives. Do they process as quickly or learn as easily as they used to? Some of this aging process may be prevented or reversed by exercise. Indeed, older adult humans who exercise throughout life have less brain tissue loss than sedentary individuals. Also, physically fit aged humans performed better on cognitive tests than their sedentary counterparts. In short, we can use physical exercise to prevent or reverse hippocampus atrophy in our dogs.

PREVENTING SARCOPENIA Sarcopenia is a syndrome characterized by progressive and generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength, and is correlated with physical disability, poor quality of life, and death. Risk factors for sarcopenia include age, gender and level of physical activity.

that physical activity should be a protective factor for the prevention and management of sarcopenia. Progressive exercises can produce substantial increases in strength and muscle size, even in the ancient population. Preventing or postponing the onset of this condition enhances survival in people, and should also be a natural part of recommended management for our senior dogs.

FIVE EXERCISES FOR YOUR SENIOR DOG Now that we know the science, what are the best exercises for senior dogs? Here are five favourites:

1. COOKIE STRETCHES – When done correctly, this exercise can be used to flex and extend the cervical, thoracic, and in many dogs, the lumbar spine. Cookie Stretches enhance balance and can be considered similar to “doggy yoga”.

They can be done every day and performed by most pet parents with little risk of harm. How to do it: Bring a cookie or treat to the shoulder, behind the front foot, to the hip, behind the rear foot (repeated on the other side), and to the chest, the floor, between the front feet as far back as possible, and lastly, with the front feet elevated at withers height or higher and the dog’s nose straight up to the sky.



A nose straight up is of utmost importance for full spinal extension; if the dog can’t do it, there’s a problem that needs addressing.

Syd demonstrating full spinal flexion using Cookie Stretches.

The loss of muscle mass is associated with an increase in body fat. Despite normal weight, there is a marked increase in weakness. The loss of muscle quantity appears to be mainly due to a degradation of contractile protein, resulting from both the reduction of single muscle fibres and a decrease in the cross-sectional area of residual muscle fibres. There is an important correlation between inactivity and loss of muscle mass and strength. This suggests


3. WOBBLE BOARD – With the

used to decrease pacing, enhance even weight-bearing, increase limb joint flexion and stride length, improve balance and proprioception, strengthen muscles, including in the trunk, and reduce foot sliding.

handler controlling the board, this exercise can be gentle and safe enough for one-week-old puppies and also challenging enough for competitive adult canine athletes. With no shear force on any joint, all the muscles that stabilize the limb joints and spine can be strengthened. By having differentsized domes and the ability to move them or add others, as seen with the OctoBoard, the challenge can be increased, and the limbs protected during exercises.

How to set it up: Cavaletti spacing depends on the goal and the dog’s speed. The widest is for the dog with severe weakness and/or cognitive or neurological deficits. This width is usually 1 to 1.5 the length from nose to tail base. This allows all four limbs to cross before the next obstacle is attempted. The distance from floor to withers is a starting point for the trotting dog. Spacing for the walking dog is approximately the distance from floor to point of shoulder. The narrowest spacing is for enhanced limb flexion. Small adjustments may need to be made for each option, wider or narrower depending on the speed of the dog. The faster the dog moves, the longer the stride length.


To check the distances, video from the side and follow one foot to make sure it hits in the same place between each set of Cavalettis. It is also imperative to start 5’ to 6’ before the Cavalettis to allow the dog to set their stride before they step over the first one.

How to do it: Wobble Board exercises can be done with the dog controlling the board, but the degree of difficulty

or challenge is significantly limited when compared to having the handler control the board. With the handler standing on the board, the dog can have two, three, or four feet on the board. When three feet are on, the fourth limb has to balance the whole body, which is a fast way to increase strength while performing safe isometric contractions.


2. CAVALETTIS – These can be

Hold on to a solid surface to prevent losing your balance while you control the movement of the board.

Three types of exercise Exercise can be broken down into three types:

1 2 3

ISOMETRIC EXERCISE — the muscles are contracting, but the length of the muscle fibres stays consistent. This is considered the easiest form of exercise, the slowest to build muscle strength, and has the least chance of muscle injury. CONCENTRIC EXERCISE — the muscle fibres shorten with contraction. Strength building and chance of injury are moderate. ECCENTRIC EXERCISE — the muscle elongates as it fires, preventing stretching of the muscle fibres. It builds strength the fastest, but has the highest incidence of injury. In aging muscle, this higher injury incidence is exacerbated. Low force isometric and concentric exercises are the best place to start when implementing a physical activity program with an older dog.



Ollie walking over Cavaletti Jacks for enhanced balance, limb flexion, and cognitive function. Cavaletti Jacks can be purchased online.

Akie demonstrates how a dog can stand with three limbs on the OctoBoard, allowing the fourth limb to experience maximum strengthening capability in a safe manner.

Dr. McCauley and Ollie performing Wobble Board exercises on an OctoBoard, which has six domes in three different sizes that can attach to any position on the Velcro bottom of the octagonal board.


4. BACKWARDS WALKING – This is one of the best exercises for strengthening the muscles of standing, rising and propulsion. The idea is to have the dog take large steps with the rear limbs to strengthen the muscles on the fore and rear legs — the muscles of propulsion in the rear, and deceleration and standing in the front. Keeping these muscles strong prevents the way-too-often-heard: “We said goodbye because he couldn’t get up any longer.” How to do it: The goals of this exercise can be achieved in as few as three to five steps before each meal for a weak dog, all the way up to walking backwards 100’ to 200’ in the yard for a stronger dog, whether older or young. It can be done any number of ways. Our favourites include placing the dog in a heel position and walking backward; moving to the front of the dog and walking into him so he’ll back away; or luring him with a tasty treat at chest to nose height.



A very important detail is to have the dog looking straight out or down, not up. If the dog looks up, they are not able to take a long stride with their fore or rear limbs, significantly decreasing the ability to strengthen the targeted muscles.


Ollie, Dr. McCauley’s 12-year-old Mastiff mix, walking backwards. He can easily walk 100’ backwards without a break.

5. SIDEWAYS WALKING – This is the best exercise for strengthening the muscles that stabilize the hips and shoulders. As dogs age, they frequently have a tendency to lie with their elbows lateral to the body instead of under the shoulders. This puts stress and stretch on the deep and superficial pectoral muscles. As these muscles remain in a stretched position, and atrophy, it creates a situation in which the dog is more likely to have a splay injury. The muscles that support the hip joints also atrophy if the dog is not active as they age. Dogs with hip dysplasia commonly have atrophy of the muscles that help hold the joint together. When these weaken, greater laxity can occur in the joint, leading to more pain and less active exercise. By adding Sideways Walking to a dog’s exercise program, we specifically target all these muscles. How to do it: You or the handler can literally walk into the dog from the side; stand in front of the dog with a treat and walk sideways holding an arm extender to guide the dog; or place the dog on a raised surface such as a bed or countertop so they do not have to lean over.

Dr. Laurie McCauley is a 1992 graduate of Colorado State University School of Veterinary Medicine. After six years in general practice, she became a pioneer in the field of veterinary rehabilitation, creating the first canine underwater treadmill and starting the first rehabilitation clinic. Since opening TOPS in 1998, it has become one of the world’s most advanced and respected rehabilitation clinics. Dr. McCauley is certified in Acupuncture and Chiropractic and has been teaching rehabilitation since 2004 for the Canine Rehabilitation Institute certification course. She is on the Board of Directors for the AHVMA. Dr. Orenbuch is a Diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation and has been practicing veterinary rehabilitation medicine exclusively since 2003. She has written articles and lectured nationally and internationally on rehabilitation medicine and business. Dr. Orenbuch sold and then left her rehabilitation business in May 2020 to spend more time with family and to focus on growing veterinary rehabilitation nationally through her work with VROMP (Veterinary Rehabilitation and Orthopedic Medicine Partners) and with Optimum Pet Vitality (OPV).


A Festive Feast your Dog Can Enjoy too Your dog loves holiday foods as much as you do, and plenty of the festive goodies you enjoy around the holidays are also safe, yummy snacks for your pup. What's more, Nutram dog food makes it easy to treat your pup to wholesome holiday meals year-round! Your dog would be the first to tell you that there’s nothing quite like the taste of a freshly cooked holiday dinner. And many of the festive favourites you might make this winter are tasty and nutritious for your four-legged friend too. Let’s look at the ingredients that are safe for your dog and how you can feed your pup like it’s the holidays all year!

FESTIVE FOODS FOR FIDOS Cranberries make an excellent sauce to complement other holiday treats. For your dog, they also support healthy bladders and good oral hygiene. Ginger is a powerful antioxidant and antiinflammatory that can ease digestion for your dog and support heart health. Kale may not be as common in your house during the winter holidays, but your dog can benefit from this nutrient-packed leafy green that supports healthy hearts, livers, bones, and colons. Peppermint is an excellent way to warm up during the cold winter months, and it can stimulate the appetite and help to ease upset puppy tummies.

Pumpkin pie is a holiday staple, and pure pumpkin is a fibre-rich, nutrient-dense food that can promote digestive health for your pup. Rosemary is an antioxidant that can promote healthy digestion. It’s a great addition to your festive feasts as well as your dog’s bowl! Turkey is a must in most Canadian homes around the holidays, and your dog would agree! And thanks to nutrients like protein, phosphorus, and riboflavin, turkey is also a great treat for your pup.

YOUR PUP WILL THINK CHRISTMAS IS EVERY DAY WITH NUTRAM Nutram uses high quality, natural ingredients to create holistic, wholesome dog food recipes that pups love. They use real, locally sourced ingredients like pumpkin, turkey, cranberries, and the other favourite foods that make Christmastime special for your family. Treat your pup to tasty holiday meals every day with Nutram dog food! Nutram is a family-owned Canadian pet wellness company with a holistic approach to pet nutrition.


Keeping dogs and toddlers




Dogs and toddlers can be great pals. But while some canines are naturally easy-going around young children, others may be afraid or even anxious, especially if the youngsters are active and noisy (and most are!). So it’s important to know how to keep both dogs and toddlers safe when they’re in the same vicinity.

Keep in mind that toddlers are unpredictable “Toddlers can be very unpredictable,” says dog training expert, Tonya Wilhelm. “They sometimes fall, grab, scream, run and throw things.” A nervous dog can easily be scared by this behaviour, and any dog can be injured if a toddler throws something at him or pulls too hard on an ear or leg. “The ideal situation is to teach toddlers how to gently and kindly interact with dogs,” Tonya advises. “This will also teach your dog that little humans are friendly and enjoyable, not something to fear or feel they need to be defensive around.”



Unfortunately, some people don’t teach their children how to behave around animals, and may even think that dogs should put up with anything a young child does to them. “This is not only dangerous, but unfair to the dog,” says Tonya. “No dog should have to tolerate being yelled at or hurt.” As well, relationships with family and friends can be damaged if someone’s toddler scares or hurts someone else’s dog, and ends up getting snapped at or even bitten. Because you can’t predict what toddlers will do, it’s important to maximize safety by teaching your dog how to interact with small children.

Preparing your dog for toddler interactions 1. Socialize her with children Socializing your dog with people of all ages is vitally important. While your dog is still young, introduce her to kids so she’ll learn to be comfortable around them. Ensure the experiences are positive so she won’t feel threatened.

For example, take your dog to a playground and allow her to watch the kids from a distance. Give her treats as she watches, then walk her a little closer so she’ll become familiar with the noise and activity. Even an older dog can be socialized around toddlers. Give her lots of treats, and stay near her when small children are close by. Talk calmly to your dog and if she shows any signs of stress, simply remove her from the area and try again another time.

2. Get her used to noise and handling

Expose your dog to some handling, human noise and activity before you introduce her to any toddlers. Give her big hugs and tug gently on her tail. Look inside her ears, and tickle her legs. This gets her used to being touched. Again, it’s best to start while the dog is young; older dogs may find this kind of handling stressful if they’re not used to it, so proceed slowly and carefully, and watch for any signs of stress. Once in a while, yell playfully or laugh loudly to help your dog get used to these sounds.

What NOT to do Never leave your dog alone with a toddler This applies even if you’re confident that the child will be kind and gentle with your dog. A toddler’s quick movements or high-pitched cries can cause some dogs to react in unexpected ways. It’s best to be cautious and provide supervision when young kids are around your dog. Even if they’re outside and there’s lots of space, dogs and toddlers need to be watched. Kids often run around screaming and jumping when they’re outdoors, and may pick up sticks and other objects and swing or throw them around. This kind of behaviour feels threatening to many dogs, who may then try to defend themselves and their territory.

Never punish your dog Never yell or discipline your dog around toddlers, even if she’s showing signs of unfriendliness. She may feel confused about what you want and why she’s getting

punished. Yelling in anger can cause your dog to panic, which means she could snap at you or the child. Stay calm and have a set strategy to deal with your dog when toddlers are around.

Never allow a child to bother your dog when she's eating or sleeping Teach toddlers who come into your home that it’s never safe to bother a dog while she’s eating, sleeping, or chewing on a toy. Dogs are protective of their food, toys and beds, and may growl or snap if they feel those things are threatened.

Never allow a toddler to run up to your dog A dog can be easily startled if a small child runs up to her, and may lash out in defence of her territory. Teach toddlers to call the dog in a friendly voice, then tap the side of their legs to invite the dog to come to them.


Learn these practical safety tips If you’re having people over, including small children, try these tips to ensure the safety of both your dog and your young guests. Install a baby gate. Set up a baby gate in the doorway of a bedroom or other area so your dog has a place to get away from the kids, especially if you aren’t able to actively oversee them. This gives your dog a safe haven to for napping, eating, and enjoying some quiet time. Exercise her beforehand. Before your young visitors arrive, take your dog for a long walk or play with her



in the backyard. The exercise will tire her out and help her feel calmer when guests turn up. Give her a special activity. Pull out a special bone or chew toy to help keep your dog occupied while the kids are around. Just be sure they don’t grab the toy or bone from your dog! With mutual respect, dogs and toddlers can be a great combination. It will mean extra work and vigilance on your part, but the sweet reward of watching your dog and toddler play happily together is well worth it.

Jennifer Hinders is a freelance writer, editor and dog lover who lives in Fairfax, Virginia.

Is your dog getting enough exercise? D

uring the COVID-19 pandemic, many dog parents were guilty of feeding their pups extra treats. In many cases, they also exercised their fur babes less than usual due to social

distancing guidelines and other extenuating factors. The result? Dogs gained weight. As a matter of fact, a recent survey conducted by One Vet found that 36% of dogs put on additional pounds. If your own dog is still carrying a little extra, try cutting back on the treats or switching to healthy low-cal alternatives, and get back to doing some regular exercise together! Most dogs don’t mind a little cold weather, if they’ve got the appropriate attire.

Here are a few more key findings about our dog walking habits:


of dog parents will walk their dog in rain or shine, and

dogs in the snow!

25% 77% 15%

41% have no qualms about walking their of dog moms avoid walking their dogs at night because they feel unsafe. Only

10% of dog

dads say the same. One in three millennials feels unsafe walking their dogs after dark.

of dog parents check how hot the pavement is before walking their dogs during the summer;

23% admit they do not check.

of Gen X dog parents admit to leaving their dog’s poop behind on walks, more often than not.


BREED DIRECTORY WELCOME TO OUR BREED DIRECTORY This is a wonderful resource if you’re looking for a purebred dog or a rare dog. The breed summaries give you a brief but fascinating glimpse into the history, appearance and care of each breed. Please note we’ve rated exercise and grooming requirements based on the legend at right.

Dogs have lived alongside humans for thousands of years. Over that time, they’ve been bred to serve many roles, from helping hunt game, to containing vermin, to snuggling. The Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) categorizes dogs based on seven different groups. Though the breeds in our Rare Breeds Directory are not yet recognized by the CKC, we’ve included them in their own section.

THE GROUPS GROUP 1 - SPORTING DOGS Bred to assist hunters on land or in water

Barbet Griffon (Wire-Haired Pointing) Lagotto Romagnolo Pointer (German Long-Haired) Pointer (German Short-Haired) Pointer (German Wire-Haired) Retriever (Chesapeake Bay) Retriever (Curly-Coated) Retriever (Flat-Coated) Retriever (Golden) Retriever (Labrador) Retriever (Nova Scotia Duck Tolling) Setter (English) Setter (Gordon) 80


Setter (Irish) Setter (Irish Red and White) Spaniel (American Cocker) Spaniel (Brittany) Spaniel (Clumber) Spaniel (English Cocker) Spaniel (English Springer) Spaniel (Irish Water) Spaniel (Welsh Springer) Spinone Italiano Vizsla (Smooth-Haired) Vizsla (Wire-Haired) Weimaraner

BEFORE YOU START LOOKING FOR YOUR NEW BEST FRIEND, consider your lifestyle, your other family members (two- and fourlegged) and your commitment to exercise, grooming and training. That should help narrow down the breeds that are right for you! This is a paid advertising section and we’ve made every effort to ensure the information is presented accurately. The publisher cannot be held responsible for any claims made in the advertising listings, or any issues that arise as a result of errors or omissions.

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Bred to hunt by scent or sight Afghan Hound American Foxhound Basenji Basset Hound Beagle Black and Tan Coonhound Bloodhound Borzoi Dachshund (Miniature Long-Haired) Dachshund (Miniature Smooth-Haired) Dachshund (Miniature Wire-Haired) Dachshund (Standard Smooth) Dachshund (Standard Wire-Haired) Deerhound (Scottish) Drever

English Foxhound Finnish Spitz Greyhound Ibizan Hound Irish Wolfhound Norrbottenspets Norwegian Elkhound Norwegian Lundehund Otterhound Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen Pharaoh Hound Rhodesian Ridgeback Saluki Shikoku Whippet

GROUP 3 - WORKING DOGS Bred to guard, pull and rescue Akita Alaskan Malamute American Bulldog Anatolian Shepherd Bernese Mountain Dog Black Russian Terrier Boxer Bullmastiff Canaan Dog Canadian Eskimo Dog Cane Corso Doberman Pinscher Entlebucher Mountain Dog Eurasier Field Spaniel Great Dane Great Pyrenees Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Karelian Bear Dog Komondor Kuvasz Leonberger Mastiff Newfoundland Portuguese Water Dog Rottweiler Samoyed Schnauzer (Giant) Schnauzer (Standard) Siberian Husky St. Bernard Tibetan Mastiff


Bred to hunt and kill vermin Airedale Terrier American Staffordshire Terrier Australian Terrier Bedlington Terrier

Border Terrier Bull Terrier Bull Terrier (Miniature) Cairn Terrier Cesky Terrier Dandie Dinmont Terrier Glen of Imaal Terrier Fox Terrier (Smooth) Fox Terrier (Wire) Irish Terrier Jack Russell Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier Lakeland Terrier Manchester Terrier Norfolk Terrier Norwich Terrier Parson Russell Terrier Rat Terrier Schnauzer (Miniature) Scottish Terrier Sealyham Terrier Silky Terrier Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier Staffordshire Bull Terrier Welsh Terrier West Highland White Terrier


Bred for companionship Affenpinscher Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Chihuahua (Long Coat) Chihuahua (Short Coat) Chinese Crested Coton de Tulear Griffon (Brussels) Havanese Italian Greyhound Japanese Chin King Charles Spaniel Maltese Papillon Pekingese Pomeranian Poodle (Toy) Pug Toy Fox Terrier Yorkshire Terrier

GROUP 6 - NON-SPORTING A diverse group of dogs that don’t fit into other groups American Eskimo Dog Bichon Frise Boston Terrier Bulldog Chinese Shar-Pei

Chow Chow Dalmatian French Bulldog German Pinscher Keeshond Lhasa Apso Lowchen Poodle (Miniature) Poodle (Standard) Schipperke Shiba Inu Shih Tzu Tibetan Spaniel Tibetan Terrier


Bred to manage the movements of other animals Australian Cattle Dog Australian Kelpie Australian Shepherd Bearded Collie Belgian Shepherd Dog Border Collie Bouviers des Flandres Briard Collie (Rough) Collie (Smooth) Dutch Shepherd Dog Finnish Lapphund German Shepherd Dog Iceland Sheepdog Mudi Norwegian Buhund Old English Sheepdog Polish Lowland Sheepdog Portuguese Sheepdog Puli Schapendoes (Dutch Sheepdog) Shetland Sheepdog Spanish Water Dog Swedish Vallhund Welsh Corgi (Cardigan) Welsh Corgi (Pembroke)

RARE BREEDS Bolognese Kleiner Münsterländer Miniature American Shepherd Miniature Australian Shepherd Pumi Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka Shiloh Shepherd White Shepherd




Photo: Da’Ghan Reg’d



History In the 1600s, dogs resembling the Affenpinscher were bred in Germany to rid homes and stables of vermin. Over the next hundred years, selective breeding produced a slightly smaller dog with superb ratting skills and a lively, sociable nature. It’s likely the German Pinscher, the Schnauzer and the Pug all played a part in the Affenpinscher’s development. The spirited, blackbearded terriers became part of the household – a position documented in European art from the 15th to 18th centuries. Studying the Affenpinscher’s bearded face, it’s easy to see the origin of the breed’s nickname: “Monkey Terrier”.

History Originating around the borders of Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan, the Afghan Hound is one of the oldest sighthound breeds. Rich and poor alike prized these dogs for their protective nature but most of all for their ability to hunt. Afghans were bred to be supreme hunters, pursuing everything from gazelles to hares, and even their traditional quarry, leopards. Hunted alone or in braces, Afghans relied on their independent thinking skills to successfully bring down the big cats.

The breed came to Europe in the late 19th century after British soldiers spotted them in India. While Afghans are known for their long elegant coats, initially there were two varieties: the lean short-coated desert-bred Personality Interested in everyone hound, and the heavier-coated mountain and everything, the Affenpinscher is a hound. These two types were interbred social fellow who needs interaction with after their introduction to the Western people, places and other animals. He world, and the result was the impressive is smart and attentive, so a stimulating hound we know today. environment brings out the best in him. Personality Elegant and sometimes aloof, As bold and stubborn as he is playful and the Afghan Hound can seem standoffish at charming, the Affenpinscher benefits from first. But this breed is loyal to his people, knowledgeable training. and has a surprising sense of humour. Incredible athletes, Afghans require Appearance 9 ½-11 ½” (24.13-28 cm) adequate exercise, but don’t be surprised 7-8 lb (3-3.36 kg) to find them curled up on the couch Black or black and tan, grey, red or other afterwards. They have a high prey drive, so variations. Wiry coat, shaggy and longer on Afghans should be watched around cats or the legs and around eyes, nose and chin. other small animals. Appearance 24-29” (61-73 cm) 50-60 lb (22-27 kg)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


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History In the mid 1800s, middle class workers in the Aire Valley of Yorkshire, England were plagued with pests such as rats and otters. Normally, the problem was managed with terriers for the rats and water dogs for the otters. However, most people could not afford the cost of keeping multiple dogs. In 1853, breeders sought a solution by crossing rough-coated Black and Tan Terriers with Otterhounds. The result was the Waterside Terrier, a keen terrier-type hunter who could swim. The breed took off, and was renamed the Airedale Terrier in 1879. The Airedale was first brought to North America in the 1880s, and Airedales are now one of the most versatile terriers, hunting fur or feather, acting as a retriever, herding and guarding. Airedales were one of the earliest police dogs and an active presence in the First and Second World Wars. The breed’s great versatility and size truly make the Airedale “King of Terriers”. Personality An intelligent and brave dog, Airedales have big personalities and huge hearts. While they can be aloof with other dogs and strangers, they are lively and playful with their own people. Regular exercise both on and off leash keeps these energetic dogs happy. Their versatility and intelligence make them good for obedience or similar work. Appearance 22-24” (56-61 cm) 40-45 lb (18-30 kg)

Dense wiry outercoat with soft downy undercoat. Coat lies straight and close Long fine coat, silken in texture, topped to the body, with some wave or crinkle with short hair from the shoulder along acceptable. Tan body with saddle of black the length of the back. Face is short-coated, or dark grizzle on midsection. head is crowned with a topknot of long hair. All colours are acceptable, but white Quick Facts Exercise Requirements markings are discouraged. Grooming Quick Facts AB Exercise Requirements Aireheart Airedale Terrier, Jorien Becker. Grooming YT Da’Ghan Reg’d, Sheila Robertson. Healthy Happy Hounds, Puppies and adults are sometimes available. Our dogs are successful in conformation, agility, hiking and lure coursing...most of all they are couch potatoes with love to share.;

At Aireheart we take raising our pups extremely seriously. Our stock is imported from solid European kennels with International Champion bloodlines. We raise all our pups on the Puppy Culture/Absolute D¬og training programs. Our puppy owners join us via weekly Zoom meetings where you can watch, listen and learn. For complete details visit our website. (403) 360-6641;

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

NS Zsuzse Airedales, Suzanne Zwarun. Top quality puppies for all activities. Full of deviltry and humour. Eighth generation of an exceptionally intelligent maternal family. Homeraised, health guaranteed, OFA certified. Halifax, NS. (902) 281-2084; or;


History Some 4,000 years ago when the Bering Strait provided access from Siberia to Alaska, an Inuit tribe known as the Mahlemuts came to North America bringing along their dogs. Strong, hardy and exceptionally suited to harsh northern conditions, these dogs hauled sleds and carried packs, allowing the Inuit to travel where food was most plentiful. These dogs are so strong that they were also used to hunt seals and defend their tribe against polar bears. The dogs were prized and never sold to non-Inuit homes until the History The regal Akita is the largest Klondike Gold Rush of 1896 when Japanese Spitz breed and has been around American prospectors bought good for approximately 300 years. He is related dogs for hundreds of dollars. to the Ainu and the Shiba Inu, and as his Some strains of Malamute like the name suggests, comes from the Akita region “M’Loot” strain were used in World War of northern Japan. He was originally used to I and II because they make excellent sled dogs. In World War II, Malamute’s hunt large game like bear, deer and boar. were used by Admiral Byrd for his In 1931, the breed was declared a natural second excursion. monument worthy of careful preservation. Personality The Alaskan Malamute is a The first Akita arrived in North America in friendly dog who loves all people equally 1937 with Helen Keller, who was given one and does not bond particularly closely. on a visit to Japan. But it wasn’t until after Many believe that the humane care World War II when soldiers stationed in Japan the Alaskan Malamute received from brought a large number of Akitas home with the Mahlmuts gave this breed a better them that the breed really gained popularity temperament over other spitz breeds. The Alaskan Malamute is very playful, in North America. loyal and a wonderful companion. Personality The Akita is dignified, fearless and Early socialization and training will very loyal to his owner. He likes to dominate teach him where he stands in his family other dogs, and is reserved with people he “pack”. Bred to work hard, the Alaskan doesn’t know. An alert, quiet dog who only Malamute needs lots of exercise, and a barks occasionally, he makes a good family large fenced yard is a necessity. companion, but he’s also active, powerful and Appearance 23-28” (58-71 cm) athletic and needs lots of outdoor exercise. 75-85 lb (34-39 kg)

History When colonists came to North America in the 17th century, one of the dogs they brought with them was the Bulldog, commonly used for the blood sport of bull-baiting. The traits that made this breed so effective in the sport also made it highly suitable for managing the tough free-range hogs and cattle typical in the southwest. Some believe the American Bulldog remains true to the original English Bulldog that arrived off the ships, free from the changes brought to the breed in England. Others believe these dogs evolved through selective breeding and the addition of Bull Terrier bloodlines. Either way, the American Bulldog closely resembles English Bulldogs pictured in the early 1800s.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen


Appearance 23-27.5” (58-70 cm) 75-120 lb (34-54.5 kg) Straight, harsh outer coat; short, dense undercoat; any colour is acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Changes in technology and farming left the American Bulldog nearly extinct by the end of WWII but the breed was revived by John D. Johnson and Allen Scott (who preferred a smaller body type). Personality A hardworking fellow, the American Bulldog is a brave and determined dog who will loyally protect his family and livestock. Johnson-type dogs are larger and more overt guardians, while Scott-type dogs tend to be smaller and more athletically inclined. Both benefit from lots of socialization and training at an early age. Appearance 20-27” (51-69 cm) 60-125 lb (27-57 kg) Short, close stiff coat. Any colour, pattern or combination except black, solid blue and tricolour.

Quick Facts Thick, coarse outercoat. Dense, oily, Exercise Requirements wooly undercoat. Solid white, mostly white with shadings from light grey to Grooming black, sable, red. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

American Bulldog


AMERICAN COCKER SPANIEL - See Spaniel (American Cocker)



ON Ingle Valley Reg’d, Marian Murray. (613) 539-8744;



History A member of the Spitz family, which originated some 6,000 years ago with the Peat Bog Dog, the American Eskimo Dog arose from a line of dogs from Switzerland that came to be known as German Spitz. The breed came to North America in the early 1900s. Possibly due to anti-German sentiment during the First World War, the breed’s name was changed to American Spitz in 1913, and then to American Eskimo Dog in 1917.

History Englishman Robert Brooke sailed with his pack of hunting dogs to North America in 1650. A century later, the dogs were paired with a similar breed from France, who had been gifted to George Washington, and the result was the American Foxhound, which would form the basis of every strain of hound in North America. The American Foxhound was trained to work alongside horses for fox hunting, and was bred to be lighter, taller, faster and with a keener sense of smell than its English counterpart. Known for over 200 years for their stamina, they are still used primarily for hunting, and there are now four different categories to consider: field trial hounds, slow-trailing hounds, drag/trail hounds, and pack hounds.

History Like its cousins, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier and the American Pit Bull Terrier, this slightly larger breed also originated from ancient Greek mastiff-type dogs. These were the powerful canines who fought in arenas throughout the Roman Empire. Butchers used the determined dogs to help control bulls; hunters used them to catch and hold wild boar and other game. In England, these roles changed to bull- and bear-baiting until both “sports” were banned in 1835. Out of the ring, the breed won admiration for its handsome appearance and lasting affection for its owner.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

American Eskimo Dog



The American Eskimo Dog’s popularity arose from its widespread use in circuses from the 1920s through 1950s. Famous Eskimo Dogs performed amazing acts like walking the tightrope or dancing with clowns. With three different sizes to choose from, they appealed to a wide range of people and situations.

It was this affable nature that made the breed popular with North American settlers as guard and hunting dogs. In 1936, the AKC recognized the American Pit Bull Personality These lively dogs are highly Personality A great companion for athletic Terrier but altered the name to Staffordshire attached to their owners and prefer not to owners, the American Foxhound can run for Terrier. In 1972, the name was amended be left alone. Energetic and intelligent, they hours without tiring. While he can be sweet again. The American Staffordshire Terrier require daily runs and enjoy opportunities and affectionate indoors, his independent sets the breed apart from its smaller cousin. to exercise their minds. They make good disposition can shift quickly when outside, Personality The American Staffordshire watchdogs and are an excellent choice for so positive and consistent training at an Terrier can make a stable, loyal and loving obedience or as trick dogs. early age is very important to harness his friend when socialized at an early age, and intense and courageous nature. With his trained by someone knowledgeable. He Appearance mild personality, the American Foxhound responds quickly and eagerly to instruction. Standard 15-19” (38-48 cm) can become an ideal family member, as long He may be aggressive with other dogs. He 18-35 lb (8-16 kg) as his exercise needs are met. Traditionally needs multiple daily walks to keep him Miniature 11-15” (28-38 cm) a pack animal, he can be very protective fit and stimulated, and walks that bring a 10-20 lb (4.5-9 kg) if he believes he’s the leader, so establish “Staffie” in contact with other dogs and Toy 9-12” (23-30 cm) boundaries at a young age. people contribute to his socialization. 6-10 lb (3-4.5 kg) Long straight outercoat with dense undercoat. Appearance 21-25” (53-64 cm) Appearance 17-19” (43-48 cm) 65-75 lb (29-34 kg) White is preferred, but biscuit or cream are 57-67 lb (26-30.5 kg) acceptable. Close, hard coat that can be any colour, Close, glossy coat of any colour. Solid or most commonly a variation of black, white patched is permissible, but all white, or Quick Facts and tan. A tall hound with long, straight more than 80 percent white, black and tan, Exercise Requirements front legs. Kind brown eyes set in a large, or liver are discouraged. Grooming slightly domed head with wide ears that fall AB flat to frame the face, and a long tail with Quick Facts Exercise Requirements White Phantom Reg’d, Susan Noden. Toy, slight upward curve. Miniature and Standard sizes. Optigen Grooming tested. RR 2, New Norway, AB. T0B 3L0. (780) Quick Facts 855-2577; (780) 781-4706;; Exercise Requirements Grooming



Australian Kelpie


Photo: Alice Van Kempen


History An ancient guardian breed, the Anatolian Shepherd migrated with the Turks from central Asia to what is now Turkey, more than 4,000 years ago. There, they were cherished by nomadic shepherds for their keen ability to defend livestock against predators, and were fondly dubbed “koban copek”, a Turkish name for “shepherd’s dog”. These brave dogs travelled far and wide with their guardians and were trusted to make independent decisions regarding the safety of their herds. The Anatolian Shepherd was eventually brought to North America in the 1950s and was accepted as a registered breed by the Canadian Kennel Club in 2021.

History As his name suggests, the Australian Cattle Dog was bred to work cattle in the “land down under”. The stockmen needed a rugged herding dog that could move the wily, free range cattle over long distances, across tough terrain and in unseasonable weather. They carefully developed the Australian Cattle Dog from a variety of breeds, including blue merle Smooth Collies, the native Dingo, and the Kelpie. Before settling on the current name, the breed was known as the Queensland Heeler, the Blue Heeler and the Australian Heeler.

History Few breeds can trace their ancestry as directly as the Australian Kelpie. Brutus and Jenny were two black and tan Smooth Collies brought to Australia from Scotland in the 1870s. One of their pups was bred to a clever, female Australian dog named Kelpie (Gaelic for “water sprite”). One of this litter was the image of her mother and christened Kelpie II. In 1872, Kelpie II outperformed her competitors at New South Wales’ first sheepdog trial. Thereafter, the famous dog’s offspring became known as Kelpie’s pups.

Personality Courageous, intelligent, and alert, the Australian Cattle Dog’s innate loyalty makes him a natural watchdog and Personality Protective, loyal and astute, the guardian. Not surprisingly, his devotion to Anatolian Shepherd is devoted to its people, duty can make him wary of strangers. Training thrives in new situations, and will keep a and exercise are crucial, and fortunately, this loving, watchful eye on children and other breed is eager to learn and please! family pets. Naturally wary of strangers, the Appearance 17-20” (43-51 cm) Anatolian Shepherd can become territorial 33-50 lb (15-23 kg) and dominating, so it’s not a “beginner Sturdy, compact, strong and muscular with dog”, but proper socialization at an early a moderately short, straight outer coat age, as well as strong leadership, is all it takes and a short dense undercoat. Coat is not to prevent these unwanted behaviours. clipped or trimmed. Recognized colours Appearance 27-31” (68-79 cm) are Blue, which can include blue or blue80-150 lb (36-68 kg) mottled, with or without black, blue or tan Short to medium-length rough coat. Fawn markings, and Red, which features a coat or brindle with black or dark brown mask. with an even red speckle.

Today, Australian Kelpies herd sheep with uncanny instinct, but the breed is equally skilled at working cattle.


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Appearance 17-23” (43-58 cm) 26-45 lb (11-20 kg) Short-coated either black, red, blue, fawn or cream, in solid or with tan markings, with or without minimal white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

In Canada, a purebred dog is defined as “A



Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Personality A tireless dog “who would rather work than eat”, the Kelpie requires an environment that challenges his intelligence, agility and stamina. He will thrive at Agility, Disc Dog and Flyball, and his eagerness to please qualifies him for obedience work. As long as he is properly socialized around children, he is a calm and friendly pet at home.

a purebred dog, remember that under the “ANIMAL PEDIGREE ACT”, the dog must be entitled to registration papers.


Australian Shepherd



History The Australian Shepherd had its beginnings in Spain and Andorra with Basque shepherds who used Pyrenean Shepherds to care for their herds. These dogs followed the Basques as they travelled first to Australia, then to the United States in the 1840s. Once in North America, the dogs were assumed to have originated in Australia and were named accordingly.

History The Australian Terrier appeared in the late 19th century and was the first Australian-bred dog to be recognized in Australia. Rugged, hardy and fearless, with short legs, sturdiness, and speed, the Australian Terrier was an ideal hunter who helped control rodent problems. In addition to his hunting skills, he served as a devoted companion and helper during tough times and in tough terrain. The breed comes from a mix of terriers who were brought to Australia By the late 1800s, the breed became by Scottish and Northern English settlers, quite popular in the western states. The including the Yorkshire Terrier, Scottish dogs were known for their intelligence, Terrier, and the Dandie Dinmont Terrier. versatility, and of course, their excellent herding ability. Over the years, the breed Personality This all-purpose, high energy has been augmented with others such as dog is cheerful, friendly, and always up for an Smithfields, Border Collies and Collies, adventure. They are quick learners, highly eventually producing the Australian intelligent, and have a strong desire to please, Shepherd we now know and love. which makes them ideal for training. Their Personality Smart and friendly. Australian intelligence means that they can get bored if Shepherds do equally well as family pets not stimulated, so it is a good idea to keep an or working herders. Because of their Australian Terrier fairly busy. As born hunters, working origin, these dogs require lots of they are prone to chasing after small animals, exercise. They make excellent obedience so keep an eye out if squirrels are around! and sporting dogs, learn quickly and love Australian Terriers build strong bonds with their families, but can appear aloof to outsiders. their jobs. They’re also quick to defend their families Appearance 18-23” (45-58 cm) from other dogs or strangers, which makes 40-65 lb (18-29 kg) them ideal watchdogs. Weather-resistant double coat whose undercoat varies seasonally. Moderate mane and frill. A variety of colours including black, red, blue merle and red merle. Various white and/or tan markings and points.


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Appearance 10-11” (25-28 cm) Approx. 14 lb (6.5 kg)


History An ancient breed, the Barbet is the likely progenitor of many modern dogs, including Bichons, Griffons, Otterhounds, Newfoundlands, Briards and Poodles. References to this French water dog, named for its characteristic “barbe” or beard, date back as early as the 14th century, though the breed is believed to be far older than that. Originally used to retrieve at sea, the Barbet’s thick wooly coat and webbed feet make him an ideal gun dog in swamps. Unfortunately, as breeds like the Poodle gained popularity, the Barbet was forgotten and nearly became extinct in the late 19th century. Personality This brave and loyal dog is a loving pet and truly devoted to his family. Like any water dog, he enjoys a swim no matter what the weather. Eager to please, he loves a good romp outside and is easy to train. Appearance 20-25” (51-65 cm) 33-55 lb (15-25 kg) Long wooly coat, forms cords naturally. Hair on head reaches to the nose and covers eyes. Thick beard and moustache. Comes in a variety of solid colours: black, grey, white, tawny, chestnut, red fawn, sandy, pied.

Harsh, straight outercoat with soft Quick Facts undercoat. Silky, light-coloured topknot. Exercise Requirements Distinct ruff and apron. Colours include Grooming solid red, solid sandy, various shades of blue and tan. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


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Dogs are not our whole life, but they make our lives whole. – Roger Caras, photographer 86


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Photo: Alice Van Kempen


History “Basset” is based on the French word “bas”, which means “low”. The dog we now know as the Basset Hound originated in France. It was founded on two Basset Artésien Normand littermates who were imported to England in 1874. The new English Basset was greatly inbred and began to fail. In 1892, judge and breeder Everett Millais revived the breed by adding Bloodhound lineage. The result was the large, low-slung dog now known “The African Barkless Dog” was brought to the as the Basset Hound. UK in 1936. The breed’s unique qualities and appearance piqued interest there and in North While Basset Hounds were initially bred America, and Basenjis soon gained popularity. for dog shows rather than sport, they were unique hunting dogs whose slower pace Personality The Basenji’s inquisitive nature allowed for a different style of hunting. is reflected in his alert, curious expression. Bassets were primarily used to hunt badger He is an intelligent dog who thrives in a and hare. The breed was first imported to stimulating environment where he can North America in 1883 but didn’t gain use his acute sense of sight and smell. The popularity here until the 1920s. By the Basenji benefits from exercising in large, 1950s, the Basset Hound was a familiar sight, safe areas. Aloof toward strangers, but appearing in many films and TV shows and eager to accompany their owners, Basenjis acting as the logo for Hush Puppies. do not like to be left alone. And despite their nickname, Basenjis do vocalize; they Personality Super easy-going, the Basset can “chortle”, yodel and crow like roosters. Hound is a great family pet. He can be Another unique feature of the breed is their stubborn at times, but is generally a wellcleanliness. Basenjis groom themselves like behaved pleasant companion. Like any scent cats, and are essentially odourless. hound, he may get distracted by an interesting smell. While he enjoys a good romp, the Appearance 16-17” (40.5-43 cm) Basset is known for stamina rather than speed. 21-24 lb (9.5-11 kg) Basset Hounds love their food, and should be Short, sleek coat in four colour variations: watched for excess weight gain. red and white, black and white, brindle and white, and tri-colour, all markings with Appearance 13-15” (33-38 cm) 50-70 lb (22-32 kg) distinct demarcations. Prick ears, unique forehead wrinkles and tight, curly tail give Short smooth coat. Generally tri-colour them an appealing look. (black, white, tan) or bi-colour (lemon, white) but may come in any typical hound colouring. Quick Facts Skin is elastic and somewhat baggy (this loose Exercise Requirements skin needs to be kept clean, particularly Grooming around the eyes and ears). Long droopy ears. Long back with short stocky legs.

History Primarily used as a rabbit-hunting dog, the Beagle may have been around since 430 BC, when Xenophon referred to a small hound that hunted hares by scent and was followed on foot. During the time of Henry VIII, the Beagle was small enough to be carried to the hunting ground in a sleeve or saddle bag. This small size was impractical, however, and the use of Beagles in hunting greatly declined by the reign of Elizabeth I. The breed was kept alive by the farmers of southern England, where the dogs were favoured for their skill at hunting rabbits. Beagles were brought to North America during the 1840s, and continued to be used for hunting. In England, efforts to create a breed standard were underway, but a similar effort didn’t begin in the United States until the 1870s. Interestingly, the new breed became more popular in North America than England, and has remained among the top ten most popular dogs for well over 30 years. Personality With his outgoing personality, the Beagle is quick to win over the human heart. He is confident, playful and always cheerful. Being a hunting hound, the Beagle does have a loud voice and can be a bit noisy at times. He loves to get out and about, exploring the world around him. Beagles are relatively easy to train, and particularly enjoy their treats. Appearance 13-16” (33-40 cm) 22-35 lb (10-16 kg) Dense, hard weatherproof coat of medium length. Any typical hound colour or combination of colours. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming



History This ancient breed originated in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where its intelligence and speed made it an ideal hunting dog. Devoted to its owners, Basenjis provided protection, as well as companionship. The breed is thought to have descended from the earliest pariah dogs and it has evolved for survival. Basenjis possess a marked sturdiness.


History Bearded Collies were first developed in Scotland, where for centuries they were bred as a herding and droving dog. The breed’s specific canine antecedents are uncertain, though some claim Polish Lowland Sheepdogs were a primary ancestor. Whatever their history, the breed became very popular in the Victorian era. Efforts to create a registry for Bearded Collies in the late 19th century met with difficulty. While several dogs met the breed description, few were ever registered.

History Hailing from the Rothbury Forest region of Northumberland in England, the Rothbury Terrier was originally a versatile allround pest-controller who kept the coal mines free of rats. Though an excellent rat and badger dog, his versatile nature led breeders to add Otterhound bloodlines to allow the dogs to swim down otters, and Whippet bloodlines to add speed, allowing them to run down hares. The longer-legged type became known as the Bedlington Terrier.

The breed as we now know it descends from the efforts of Mrs. G.O. Willison, who purchased her first Bearded Collie in 1946. When the dog was two years old, she had it inspected for registration and Jeannie of Bothkennar became the first Bearded Collie to be registered in nine years. The first Bearded Collies in North America likely arrived in the 1890s, but they were not established as a breed until 1970. Personality Full of bounce and general good spirits, the Bearded Collie is a funloving dog. This charming fellow enjoys the outdoors, and doesn’t mind if the weather is wet or grey. A loving family pet, the bubbly Bearded Collie also makes a wonderful therapy dog. Appearance 20-22” (51-56 cm) 40-60 lb (18-27 kg)

QC Dovmar Reg’d, Diane Newman. Montreal, QC. (514) 488-1966;



History Known worldwide as the Belgian Gorenendael, the Belgian Shepherd is the most popular of the four breeds of Belgian Sheepdogs. The name comes from the village of Gorenendael in Belgium, where the Belgium breeder and restaurateur, Nicholas Rose, refined this noble breed. Belgian herding dogs have existed for centuries, but the breeds were not distinguished from one another until the 1800s. These black herding dogs found their calling in World War I when their sharp instincts and intelligence proved useful for finding wounded soldiers, detecting bombs, and carrying messages to the front lines. They have since been used in police and detective work, search and rescue, and as service dogs for the blind and people with special needs.

The new Bedlington Terriers were exceptional game dogs that didn’t tolerate other dogs interfering with their work. Their speed and versatility endeared them to poachers, and the breed is still sometimes called the “gypsy dog”. When introduced to the show world, breeders developed the Personality The hardworking Belgian dog’s characteristic lamb-like clip. Shepherd was born to serve, and loves Personality Versatile and intelligent, the having a purpose in life. Typically utilized by Bedlington Terrier can learn to do just about professionals for his detective skills and keen anything. He is intensely loyal to his people, nose, he is also a loyal family dog. Sensitive and though this can change to protectiveness if intelligent, he does much better with a gentle, he feels his family is threatened. With great positive approach rather than stern guidance. spirit and a playful charming nature, the Quick to learn, the Belgian Shepherd excels at Bedlington is said to have the heart of a lion agility sports and activities, and is suitable for in the body of a lamb. someone who leads an active lifestyle. Appearance 15-18” (38-45 cm) Appearance 21-26.5” (53-67.5 cm) 17-23 lb (7.5-10.5 kg) 44-66 lb (20-30 kg) Crispy, thick and linty coat, with mixture of hard and soft hair that stands away from the Long, black, double-coat with straight guard body. Tendency to curl, particularly on head hairs. Undercoat is soft, wooly, and dense. and face. Topknot. Blue, blue and tan, liver Will occasionally have white markings on and tan, sandy, sandy and tan. outercoat. Collarette around neck.

Shaggy flat overcoat. Soft close undercoat. Beard. Black, blue, brown, grey or fawn in colour, with or without white and tan Quick Facts markings. Colour tends to fade with age. Exercise Requirements Quick Facts Grooming Exercise Requirements Grooming



Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Bearded Collie


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


As technology improved, working dogs were no longer necessary, so the breed saw a significant decrease in numbers in the late 19th century. In 1892, a group of Swiss nationals founded a breeding colony in an effort to preserve the Swiss Mountain Dog. The breed was imported to North America in the 1930s and has gained popularity over the years. Personality A very loyal dog, the Bernese Mountain Dog is an even-tempered fellow who makes an excellent family dog. He is a good watchdog with a teddy-bear personality. This dog is slow to mature, and retains his playful personality as he grows. As a working breed, the Bernese Mountain Dog benefits from having a job. Appearance 23-28” (58-70 cm) 80-110 lb (36-50 kg) Long, thick soft coat, slightly wavy or straight. Undercoat varies according to the season. Tricolour (black, white, tan). Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History It’s difficult to track the history of many “small white dogs” since they thrived around the world, but the Bichon Frise is thought to have its origins with the Bichon Tenerife, named after one of the Canary Islands off the coast of Spain. Sailors in the region became enamoured with the breed and often took the dogs with them when they sailed. In France, the Bichon Frise was popular with Royals, including King Henry III of France, who was said to carry his Bichon in a tray-like basket that he hung from his neck with ribbons. During the French Revolution, however, the dogs were tossed out on the streets, where the breed’s intelligent and playful nature made it a natural performer for organ grinders and circuses. The Bichon Frise was threatened during the World Wars, but a group of French breeders got together in the early 1930s to define and protect it and in 1956, a French couple brought their breeding Bichons to North America.

History This tracking breed is a descendant of the Bloodhounds brought to colonial Virginia to help farmers rid their land of raccoons. Thought to have been crossed with American Foxhounds, the combination produced a powerful, alert dog with the stamina to hunt prey all night long. The Black and Tan Coonhound’s trademark long ears help capture and retain scent, enabling it to drive quarry up a tree and hold it there until hunters arrive (called “treeing”). Determined and courageous, Black and Tan Coonhounds hunt bears, deer and even mountain lions. They continue their reputation as exceptional trackers. Personality A consummate Southern gentleman, the Black and Tan Coonhound is a sociable dog of stable temperament. He is an intelligent, faithful dog who enjoys a country lifestyle with lots of activity. As he is bred to work with other scent hounds, the Black and Tan Coonhound is not aggressive with other dogs or people. He can be excited, but off the trail, he is a mellow companion – kind and confident.

Personality A bubbly and happy dog, the Bichon Frise is a delightful companion to have around the house. He is quite Appearance 23-27” (58-69 cm) attached to his owner, and loves to be the 65-100 lb (29-45 kg) center of attention. A gentle nature and Dense short coat – and true to his name – good manners make him suitable for a black with tan markings. variety of homes. Quick Facts Appearance 9-12” (23-30 cm) Exercise Requirements 7-12 lb (3-5.5 kg) Grooming Coarse curly outercoat with soft dense undercoat. White. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


History One of four types of Swiss Mountain Dogs, the Bernese Mountain Dog (also known as the Berner Sennenhunde), was a working animal, commonly seen driving livestock or hitched to a cart and pulling goods to market. The breed likely originated from the crossbreeding of Mastiffs, brought to Switzerland by the Romans, with local herding dogs.

Black and Tan Coonhound


Photo: Alice Van Kempen




#1 Black Russian Terrier in Canada 2022, GCh.CKC, Multiple Group placement, Ch.UKC, #1 Top 10 with UKC for 2019 and 2021, AKC pointed Honey of Cream Iz Teremka, aka Slava, CGN, SDIN, NS, S, NC, NI, NV, AI, 4 year old. Beauty along with excellent, OFA tested, health and stable, working temperament. Bred/owned by Svetlana (Lana) Lochan, Iz Teremka Reg’d.

History The Bloodhound can trace its ancestry to the Norman conquest of 1066. Originally from Belgium, the Schweisshund was crossed with Talbot Hounds and Southern Hounds to produce this superb tracking dog with the distinctive voice. This “king” among scent hounds was used by nobility to hunt stag. The name Bloodhound refers to the owners’ high status. The Bloodhound appeared on the English Kennel Club’s first register in 1873, and over a century later, it is still renowned for tracking criminals, fugitives and missing people.

History During the 1930s, the Russian military searched for a large terrier-type dog to become a part of their national security force. They started the Red Star Kennel, dedicated to locating suitable breeds and combining them to produce the perfect military dog. While the Second World War delayed their efforts, the experiment, which involved crossing some 17 different breeds, eventually produced a suitable large, tough and agile dog they named the Black Russian Terrier. Red Star maintained exclusivity of the breed until 1956, when second and third generation puppies became available to private breeders. Black Russian Terriers remain uncommon outside their native Russia. Personality The Black Russian Terrier is a calm confident dog who is loyal to his people, yet aloof with strangers. He is highly intelligent and takes well to training, though early socialization is necessary to curb overprotectiveness. Outdoors he is a happy bouncy fellow, while indoors he is content to relax and follow his family around the house. The Black Russian Terrier is very attached to his people and does not do well if left alone. Appearance 25-31” (64-77 cm) 80-143 lb (36-65 kg) Hard, rough, ample broken outercoat. Thick soft undercoat. Moustache and beard. Black or black with grey hairs. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming



Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Black Russian Terrier


ON Iz Teremka Reg’d. Dedicated to the breeding of Black Russian Terriers by developing and preserving the best qualities of the old working Siberian bloodlines. We are not only home of many Champions, but more important, we produce healthy dogs with great stable temperament to fit your family needs. (613) 531-6207; lanaloch@; (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.)



History Sheep herding was a significant occupation in the border country between Scotland, England and Wales. When Romans introduced herding with dogs, herders began selecting canines for the task and interbred a variety of specialized breeds to produce the best working sheep dog, generally called a Collie. In 1894, a dog named Old Hemp, who was considered the ideal sheep dog, became the founder of what is now known as the Border Collie. Prized for his trainability and “eye” (the hypnotic way he stares at sheep to will them to move as desired), the Border Collie was imported to North America in the Personality Lots! Extremely affectionate, early 1900s and proved himself an essential sensitive – even shy, the Bloodhound needs working farm dog. company. An aristocrat who is not above Personality Considered one of the most being a clown, he makes a loyal family dog. intelligent breeds, the Border Collie can Bloodhounds can be a challenge to train, think for himself and is first and foremost a because following a scent is their priority! working dog. He needs mental stimulation A contained yard will keep him from to be happy, whether working with sheep or following his nose into uninvited territory. in obedience and agility trials. Because of his Appearance 23-27” (58-69 cm) herding instinct, a Border Collie tends to herd 80-110 lb (36-49.5 kg) anyone and everyone around him. This makes 3 colours: black and tan, liver and tan, and him more appropriate for older children. red. White marking acceptable on chest, feet Appearance 19-22” (48-56 cm) and tip of tail. Facial wrinkles and loose upper 30-45 lb (12-20 kg) lips (or flews). Double coat that varies in length. Outercoat Quick Facts can be long, medium or short. Innercoat Exercise Requirements is short and dense. All colours and mixes Grooming of colours acceptable: black and white, blue and white, chocolate and white, red BOLOGNESE and white, blue merle, tricolour (black, tan, white). Regular exercise, training - See Rare Breed Directory and socialization ensure confidence and maturity in later life, and helps temper the Border Collie’s energetic spirit.


Very minimal Minimal Average More than average Maximum

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Hollowshot Border Collies, Health checked D.N.A, Hips OFA certified parents. Excellent temperaments for the pet home. Proven in all sports. Cobourg, ON, Contact Maxine Netherway, 705-933-4811; Email:; www.


History This speedy and agile dog has origins dating back to the early centuries of Russian history. Used to course wolves, foxes, and hares in the open Russian terrain, the modern Borzoi is the result of a Russian Duke’s efforts to create a fast, durable hunter by crossing Arabian sighthounds with native coursing hounds and shepherds. Since the Borzoi had to rely more on sight than scent while hunting, the dogs needed to be light and quick on their feet as well as intelligent and independent thinkers.

History As its name suggests, the Boston Terrier originated in Boston, Massachusetts. A product of crossing Bulldogs with Bull Terriers, the Boston Terrier was originally bred for dogfighting and bull-baiting. In fact, Boston resident Robert C. Hooper purchased an English Bulldog in the mid-1800s for this very purpose. When these sports were banned, those who loved the breed worked to redefine the Boston Terrier. A stable breed with a “gentlemanly” temperament was produced. Then known as the Round-Headed Bull and Terrier, the breed did not acquire its current name until 1891. Since then it has remained a highly popular dog.


Personality Like most terriers, the Border Terrier is a big dog in a small package. He is tough and full of energy while hunting and working, but calmer in the home than many other types of terrier. Obedient and affectionate, he is a pleasant family dog. Appearance 11-16” (28-50 cm) 11-16 lb (5-7 kg) Wiry, broken-looking outercoat with short, dense undercoat. Black and tan, grizzle and tan, red, wheaten. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

The Russian aristocracy was particularly fond of the Borzoi due to its exotic and elegant appearance. Unfortunately, this meant that the breed was a target during the Russian Revolution and was almost eradicated. However, the breed has since regained its popularity and is a favourite at dog shows.

Personality Although the Boston Terrier’s ancestors were bred for fighting, he is now known for his docile, biddable temperament. He is intelligent and can adapt to any living situation he finds Personality The Borzoi often behaves himself in. While he enjoys a good romp, more like a cat than a dog. Quiet, he’s not overly active and is happy to dignified, and agile, he is self-aware, exercise by following his people around independent and fond of refined the home. behaviours. You won’t usually find him engaging in rough or boisterous play Appearance 15-17” (38-43 cm) 15-25 lb (7-11.5 kg) but he can be quite affectionate and extremely loyal. His stubborn streak is Short smooth coat. Black or brindle with just his way of communicating that he white markings. wants to be treated like an intelligent being capable of making good decisions. Quick Facts This trait dates back to having to think Exercise Requirements quickly while hunting in open terrain. Grooming The Borzoi loves to give chase and is ON even more beautiful when in full stride, Sassy Kennel Reg’d, Sharon & Stuart Hicks. but is happy with daily walks or runs in Our goal is to produce Bostons true to the enclosed areas. standard. We have been breeding Bostons for Appearance 26-33.5” (66-85 cm) 60-105 lb (27-47.5 kg)


Silky outercoat is long. Can be wavy, flat, or curly. Undercoat is soft and dense. Curly frill around neck. Long legs and body. Variety of colours and patterns. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

three decades. Home raised for companions, conformation, and performance dogs. Vet checked with the first vaccination and microchipped. Registered with the CKC. Our puppies are well socialized from our Champion lines. Fenwick, ON L0S 1C0. (905) 892-6781;;



History A common problem for shepherds in Scottish-English border regions were foxes and other sheep-stealing animals. To counter this problem, they needed a dog fast enough to keep up with these animals but small enough to get into their dens. Concerned farmers from the Northumberland valley of Coquetdale worked to breed a dog longlegged enough to course with horses, yet short enough to be able to go to ground. These dogs were originally called Coquetdale or Reedwater Terriers after the locales where they lived and worked. They have the same ancestry as other terriers in northern England, and were hunted alongside Border Foxhounds. Border Terriers came to North America in the early 1900s.

Boston Terrier


Photo: Sassy Kennel Reg’d

Marley Border Collies. With eight generations and over 35 years breed experience for quality, health, temperament and training. Always available for help and advice. Please visit my website. (519) 5297142;; www.


History The Boxer’s ancestors were called Molossians; they were large, strong dogs used by the Assyrians in battle thousands of years ago. A cross between Bulldogs and the small Mastiff-type Bullenbeisser, which was used to bait bulls, hunt and pull carts, the true Boxer was born in Germany in the late 1800s. Bred to be a capable fighting and hunting dog and protector, the Boxer is a versatile breed used as a messenger, pack carrier, attack dog and guard dog throughout World War I. Canadian and American soldiers were attracted to these brave handsome dogs and brought them home to North America. Today, they work well as service dogs and excel at obedience.

History Big, bold and intelligent, the Briard is an ancient breed of herding dog born in France. History is full of praise for this hardy breed. Famed personalities like Charlemagne, Napoleon and Thomas Jefferson promoted the Briard. The Briard was a superb sheepdog, and his bravery made him an ideal working dog for the French war effort – so much so that he was named the official dog of the French Army. Though the need for sheep-herding dogs has declined, the Briard remains a distinct and well-loved breed.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen


Photo: Alice Van Kempen

History In the plains of Flanders, Belgium, people needed a dog that could do it all. The Bouvier was expected to herd and drive cattle, act as a watch and guard dog, kill vermin, pull a cart, and be a family companion. By 1910, there were four different varieties of Bouvier in Flanders. Because of their brave and willing spirit, Bouviers were used as messenger and ambulance dogs during the First World War, but the breed was decimated and only preserved through the efforts of Belgian army veterinarian, Captain Darby. By the end of the war, the four varieties of Bouvier had been combined, creating the Bouvier des Flandres. The dogs continued their military duties in the Second World War, where their keen noses made them suitable for scenting land mines and ammunition dumps. Arriving in North America in the 1920s, these versatile dogs also work as seeing-eye dogs, therapy dogs, search and rescue dogs, police dogs and more. Personality Big and initially intimidating, the Bouvier des Flandres is actually a loyal family dog. He is even-tempered and loves his people. His keen nose and intelligence mean he can be trained for a variety of jobs, and he loves to work. It is important he is well socialized and has basic training when young; his large size can make it more difficult when he matures. Appearance 23-28” (59-70 cm) 60-100 lb (27-45 kg)

Personality The Briard is known for having a strong, unique personality. Described as having “a heart of gold wrapped in fur”, he is an intelligent, sensitive dog who needs a consistent and caring person. With good socialization and considerate training, he makes a loving companion. Briards love Personality The Boxer is a high-spirited children, have a strong sense of justice, and dog who loves to get physical when enjoy having a job to do. playing. Possibly named for his tendency Appearance 22-27” (56-69 cm) to use his feet while roughhousing, the 65-100 lb (29-46 kg) Boxer is brave and willing to take on any challenge. Despite his energetic nature, Long, hard shiny outercoat, slightly wavy and he remains a loving family dog who’s lying flat against the body. Fine tight undercoat. good with children, and adores his Moustache and beard. Black, shades of grey, tawny. May have white markings. people. Because he can be suspicious of strangers, it is important to socialize Quick Facts Exercise Requirements him well when young. Grooming Appearance 21-25” (53-64 cm) 55-70 lb (25-32 kg) BRITTANY SPANIEL


Tousled-looking, weatherproof double coat. Short shiny coat that lies flat against the body. - See Spaniel (Brittany) Outercoat is thick and rough. Innercoat is soft Fawn, brindle. May have white markings, and thick. Moustache and beard. Shades ranging BULL TERRIER black mask. from fawn to black. May have white markings. Quick Facts Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Exercise Requirements Grooming Grooming

Whoever said you can’t buy Happiness forgot little puppies. – Gene Hill, writer 92


Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Bouvier Des Flandres


History The Bull Terrier originated in England in the 1800s and was bred for bullbaiting and dog fighting. This distinctivelooking dog, which initially came in a

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

History Poaching was an ongoing problem in England throughout the 19th century. The gameskeeper needed a strong silent dog that could find and take down a poacher without savaging him. The solution was to cross the Mastiff, a powerful, trustworthy, loyal and brave dog, with the Bulldog, a tough, tenacious no-fuss animal. The result was the “Gameskeeper’s Night Dog” or Bullmastiff.

As poaching became less of a problem, the need for Bullmastiffs waned. But interest in this powerful yet calm-natured dog continued. People held contests in which After bull-baiting was banned in the 1800s, the a man would be given the chance to try Bulldog lost popularity and might have died to outwit a Bullmastiff. The man received out if a group of concerned breeders hadn’t a sizeable head start, but the result was worked together to save the breed. The first inevitable. He would soon be knocked down and held to the ground by the valiant dog, Bulldog club was formed in 1864; it defined only to be released when the dog’s handler the breed and began efforts to preserve it. arrived on the scene. Now the Bulldog, also known as the English Bulldog, is a kind companion and a symbol of Personality The Bullmastiff is still used History In 1835, when blood sports were as a guard dog and family pet. His highly courage and tenacity. banned in England, Bull Terrier breeders stable temperament and ability to tolerate sought to redefine the breed, making it a Personality With his history as a fighting discomfort make him surprisingly safe tractable family pet. While the tiniest dog, the Bulldog’s kind and gentle personality around children. Loyal and protective, he examples of the breed eventually died out, might come as a surprise. He is a loving pet who bonds closely to his family. Because he is both the full-sized Bull Terrier and the craves his family’s attention. Though protective such a large dog, training at a young age is Miniature Bull Terrier were welcomed into in nature, he loves children and usually gets essential, as is good socialization. the home. Miniature Bull Terriers were along well with other family pets. Overall he is Appearance 24-27” (61-69 cm) recognized as a distinct breed in 1991. 90-130 lb (41-59 kg) an easy-going dog who quickly charms with his Personality Energetic and full of childlike steady temperament and friendly face. Short hard coat, lying flat to the curiosity, the Miniature Bull Terrier body. Black muzzle. Brindle, fawn Appearance 1 2-16” (30-40 cm) requires lots of exercise and stimulation. or red. May have white markings. 40-55 lb (18-25 kg) He loves his family and is protective in nature. Consistent training and good Short, straight flat coat. Brindle, piebald, Quick Facts socialization will keep him from becoming red, fawn, fallow, white. Exercise Requirements jealous or overprotective of his people or Grooming things. While he will adjust to most types Quick Facts of family situations, he needs to keep active Exercise Requirements ON and wants to be a part of everything. Grooming Ironbull Bullmastiff Reg’d, Zivian Pribic & Appearance 10-14” (25-35 cm) 23-35 lb (11-16 kg)

Short, flat glossy coat. Solid white, may have markings. May come in other solid colours with markings.

Cindy Gimbel. 100% Selective and Responsible breeders, breeding MBIS & MBISS winners Canadian & US Champions. Health Guarantees with breeder support provided. (519) 634-1171;;

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Personality He looks intimidating, but the Bull Terrier is actually a friendly, easy-going and sometimes clownish breed. He loves affection and attention and makes a good family History Truly a symbol of Britain, many companion. He requires lots of excercise. believe the Bulldog dates back to the Molossian Appearance 19-20” (48-51 cm) dog brought there by the Phoenicians in the 45 lb (20.5 kg) 6th century BC. Others suggest the Bulldog Close, flat coat; white or white with coloured descended from a butcher’s dog called the markings. Alaunt. Wherever he originated, the Bulldog Quick Facts is the result of centuries of breeding for bullExercise requirements baiting. While the Bulldog’s features may Grooming seem unusual compared with those of many other dogs, each characteristic was specifically BULL TERRIER (MINIATURE) chosen to make him the premier fighter in the bull-baiting ring.



Photo: Alice Van Kempen

BULLDOG variety of colours and sizes, is said to be a cross between the traditional Bulldog and the nowextinct White English Terrier. After blood sports were banned, breeders focused more on the dog’s temperament and appearance. James Hinks was instrumental in developing the breed as we know it today – his pure white dogs were also known as “White Cavaliers” and were popular as both show dogs and pets.

History Originating on the Isle of Skye in Scotland, the Cairn Terrier was bred as a hunter of vermin. The rocky land sheltered numerous badgers and foxes, and a small hardy dog was needed to brave the stony cairns and remove the pests. The breed has been around for some 500 years, and developed along the same timeline as the West Highland White, Skye, and Scottish Terriers. The breed was first exhibited in 1909 when it was called the Short-Haired Skye Terrier. Breeders of the pre-existing Skye Terrier objected and the dog was renamed after the rock piles he hunted among, becoming the Cairn Terrier. They came to North America in 1913, imported by Mrs. Henry F. Price.


Personality Like most terriers, the Cairn Terrier is an active dog, full of joie de vivre. He loves to play outside, but it’s best to keep him on leash or confined in a fenced space, since he will happily chase squirrels and other “quarry” when you least expect it. An alert, intelligent dog, the Cairn learns very quickly and was bred to be an independent thinker. He can get bored easily so keep him busy and invest in some early training since he can be a bit stubborn in that department. The Cairn adores the companionship of his “people”, and his sweet nature and kind heart make him a beloved member of the family. He gets along well with other bigger dogs at home, though some individuals may tend to give four-legged strangers a little “talking to”. Again, socialization and training as a puppy will give him a good foundation. Appearance 9-12” (24-31 cm) 13-17 lb (6-7.5 kg)

ON Magisterial Cairn Terriers Reg’d, At Magisterial, we provide a life-enhancing experience. Our Cairn Terrier puppies are well socialized, highly intelligent, and joyful. They have stunning conformation, are extremely healthy, temperament tested, and arrive home eager to learn! Your new family member has been raised in luxury and given nothing but the very best during their crucial first 8 weeks of life. Magisterial Cairn Terrier puppies come home with our exclusive 5-year health guarantee and will provide immeasurable amounts of joy, love, and magic! (613) 453-1773; adam@magisterialkennels. com; (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)



Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


History Accompanying the Inuit people during their 12th century migration through the Canadian Arctic, the Canadian Eskimo Dog hauled, carried, hunted and protected. Such willing performance made the robust sled dog crucial to Arctic explorers through the ages. By the 1950s, though, snowmobiles, other technology and weakening bloodlines had taken their toll. It took funding by the History An ancient breed, the Canaan Canadian Kennel Club, the Canada Council Dog is the product of natural selection and private donations to save the Canadian rather than human intervention. There’s Eskimo Dog from extinction. After enduring evidence the breed existed in pre-Biblical in a harsh environment for centuries, the times. When the Jews were dispersed Canadian Eskimo Dog remains a breed from their homeland the dogs remained, fighting for its survival. reverting to a wild and feral state until Personality His long connection with the 1930s. When Dr. Rudolphina Menzel humans has made the Canadian Eskimo was asked to develop a dog to guard the Dog affectionate and gentle with people kibbutz, she selected native wild dogs of a he loves, but he can be aloof with strangers. “collie type”, tamed them and created the His independence, determination and Canaan Dog. The breed proved highly heightened response to stimuli make him intelligent and versatile, and was used as a suited to an adult-only home. mine detection, sentry and messenger dog Appearance 19.5-27.5” (50-70 cm) in the Second World War. Canaan Dogs 40-88 lb (18-40 kg) were first brought to North America in the Thick hair with dense undercoat. All white late 1960s. or all red, buff, cinnamon, grey or sable Personality Highly intelligent and with white markings. trainable, the Canaan Dog is quite versatile to different situations. Because Quick Facts of his long history as a feral dog, he Exercise Requirements tends to be somewhat independent and Grooming wary of strangers, barking to warn his family of danger. However, he is devoted to his people and loves to play. He thrives on having a job to do and is a fun, loving companion.

Mid-length, harsh, weather-resistant outercoat. Short furry undercoat. Cream, wheaten, red, grey, nearly black. Brindling acceptable. Appearance 19-24” (48-61 cm) 35-55 lb (16-25 kg) Quick Facts Short to medium-length straight Exercise Requirements outercoat. Grooming 94

Straight, short flat-lying undercoat. Slight ruff. Sand to red-brown, white, black or spotted. May have mask.

Photo: Arctic Ice Reg’d

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Cairn Terrier


History A direct descendant of the Roman Molossus Mastiff, the Cane Corso is a guardian dog whose name comes from the Latin “cohors”, meaning guardian/ protector. Used to hunt large game, drive cattle and protect the family, the Cane Corso held popularity in Italy for centuries. But as large game dwindled and farmers turned to more modern technology to move their herds, the need for the Cane Corso disappeared, and so did the breed. In the 1970s, Italian dog fanciers searched the country, seeking good examples of the old Mastiffs, and began reconstructing the Cane Corso breed. Arriving in North America in the 1980s, the breed is slowly gaining a reputation as an excellent guard dog and family companion. Personality First and foremost a protector, the Cane Corso bonds closely with his family, particularly young children. He is alert and naturally suspicious of strangers, and can readily judge when he should be protective, or when he should back down. His steady temperament and eager-to-please attitude make him a pleasure to train. Early socialization and training allow him to learn to assess people and situations. Appearance 23-28” (58-70 cm) 84-110 lb (38-50 kg)

Can Ch. Imonty Filip Z Usedlosti Ujezdec. Breeding all colours for health and type. Bred by Jundra Diblikova, Z Usedlosti Ujexdec Reg’d. Owned by Mila Bosche, Europeheart Cavaliers Reg’d. Niagara Falls, ON.

first set of shots, 30 days of pet insurance, a health guarantee and lifetime breeder support. We breed all 4 colours and were featured on the Pick a Puppy show. 295159 8th Line, Amaranth, ON L9W 0K1. (519) 925-2827;; EUROPEHEART CAVALIERS REG’D. All colours, high quality puppies, health guaranteed, with proof of health and show history for all our breeding dogs going back 4 generations plus. We are members of CKC and European CKCS Club with happy customers across Canada and US. Niagara Falls, ON (905) 384-1865; www. (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.)


History Bred originally as hunters, toy spaniels became companions to royalty in the 1500s. In the 1600s, Kings Charles I and II both took a liking to the adorable little dogs, and were often portrayed with toy spaniels at their sides. During the Victorian era, people fell in love with the higher skulls and shorter noses of oriental breeds, and selectively bred spaniels to Pugs and Japanese Chin, producing the King Charles Spaniel, or English Toy Spaniel. It wasn’t until the 1920s that an American, Roswell Eldridge, began searching for the longer-nosed flatter-skulled breed so often portrayed in portraits of Kings Charles I and II. His efforts were successful, and the new breed of Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was recognized in 1946. Personality A long history as a noble lap dog has made the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel particularly well suited as a companion. With enough size to enjoy a good romp alongside his owner, the Cavalier is a happy dog who is ready to greet everyone with his ever-wagging tail. He is not overly active, enjoying cuddle time as much as walks. Appearance 12-13” (30-33 cm) 11-18 lb (5-8 kg)

Cesky Terrier


Photo: Alice Van Kempen


History In his search for a mild-tempered terrier that still excelled at hunting, Czechoslovakian geneticist Frantisek Horak bred together a number of terrier breeds, including the Sealyham, Scottish Terrier and Dandie Dinmont. The result, in 1949, was the Cesky Terrier. While his narrow head and chest made it easier for the Cesky to enter burrows, his friendly, well-mannered attitude gained him a reputation as a good family dog. The Cesky Terrier was shown for the first time in 1959 and since then has been utilized as a hunting dog, guard dog, show dog, and beloved family companion.

Personality This versatile breed excels at a number of tasks. The Cesky is often a winner at terrier den trials and loves playful, sporty Short, stiff shiny outercoat. Light undercoat. activities. As well, the Cesky is a devoted family Black, fawn, red, blue, chestnut. Brindling member and makes an excellent watchdog. allowed. May have eye mask or white Quick Facts This friendly pooch is good with children Exercise Requirements markings. and happy to be around family and strangers Grooming Quick Facts alike. The well-mannered, enthusiastic Cesky AB Exercise Requirements is also a pleasure to train. This dog strives to Bohshar K-9’s, Sharen Sztym. Breeding for Grooming please and will not disappoint. quality, temperament and soundness. Genetic tested and guaranteed/Home raised. Four colours. Box 8, Site 3, RR # 1, Rocky Mountain House, AB. T4T 2A1. (403) 729-2625; bohshar@,

Appearance 10-13” (25.5-33 cm) 13-22 lb (6-10 kg)

Long, soft coat often with a silky sheen. Slightly wavy, with beard around muzzle. Non-shedding coat. Colours include light coffee brown and ON Cedar Creek Reg’d, Laryssa Sawyer. We’re a grey-blue, with yellow, grey, or white markings. small family kennel located just over an hour north of Toronto. Puppies are raised in our home with our children. Puppies go to their new homes at 8 weeks; dewormed, vet checked, microchipped,

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Long silky coat, straight or with a slight wave. Feathering. Colours: Blenheim (chestnut on white), tricolour (black and tan markings on white), ruby, black and tan.



Can.Am Ch. Hilaire’s Mr. Cher Whisper. Chihuahuas of Distinction. Owned by Edna St. Hilaire, Hilaire Perm. Reg’d.

History Theories about the Chihuahua’s origins abound. Some believe this tiny breed’s predecessors date back to ancient Egypt. The most likely theory is that it developed from a Mexican breed known as the Techichi, and was used in religious ceremonies as far back as the 16th century. Other theories suggest that dogs imported from China were interbred with native breeds, or came with Spanish traders. Whatever their history, Chihuahuas as we know them were discovered in the Chihuahua region of Mexico, gained popularity in Mexico City in the late 19th century, and shortly thereafter were brought to the United States via Texas where they were developed into the modern Chihuahua.

History The long coated Chihuahua’s history is the same as the Chihuahua’s until after the breed reached the United States. There, breeders sought a softer fluffier dog and decided to cross the short-coated Chihuahuas with established long-coated toy breeds such as the Papillion, Pekinese, Pomeranian and Yorkshire Terrier. The result was a dog with the same spunky personality as the short-coated variety, but in a fluffier package. Like his smooth counterpart, the long coated Chihuahua is one of the world’s most popular breeds – both also rank as the smallest breeds in Personality The Chihuahua is a tiny dog with North America. a huge personality. He is lively and alert, playful and affectionate. Quick to bond with his human, Personality A truly tiny dog, the long the Chihuahua hates to be left on his own. coated Chihuahua loves to be with his Because he is so small, he is nervous of large or person at all times. He’s a great lap dog, and quick movements, and tends to be easily startled. happily trots around the home, following Early socialization is essential to make sure he is his family. Because of his size, this breed not overly stressed by strange situations. maybe a bit timid with loud and active children, and supervision is a good idea. Appearance 6-9” (15-23 cm) 1-6 lb (0.5-3 kg) Good socialization is important for a wellrounded individual. Soft, glossy short coat. Neck ruff. Any colour. Appearance 6-9” (15-23 cm) 1-6 lb (0.5-3 kg)

Soft, silky, flat or slightly wavy coat. Neck ruff. Any solid colour with or without markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming



- See Retriever (Chesapeake)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Chihuahua (Long Coat)


ON Miso Chihuahuas Reg’d, Paula Race. Breeder of Long and Smooth Coats with puppies available occasionally. Our dogs are raised as family members and we are proud of their exceptional temperaments. Visit our website at; info@; (519) 770-9901



Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming BC Hilaire Perm. Reg’d, Edna St. Hilaire. A respected name. Home of Multi BIS/BISS, Can. Am Int’l Record Winning Champions. Quality for the most discriminating. Founder and President of The Chihuahua Club of Canada. All Breeds Judge - International. New Westminister, BC. (604) 521-0922; (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement Above.)

History Hairless dogs existed wild in many of the hottest parts of the world. The Chinese Crested is likely descended from an African variety of hairless dog called the African Hairless Terrier. Chinese sailors took these dogs on ships to take care of the vermin. As they sailed around the world, the dogs were traded at various ports, soon establishing populations of Chinese Cresteds throughout the known world. Not all Chinese Cresteds are hairless. In fact, the gene that allows for hairlessness is an incomplete dominant gene that is lethal when homozygous (two copies of the gene). Long-haired Chinese Crested dogs are known as Powderpuffs. Both varieties can be found within the same litter due to the nature of the genes involved. Personality A lively playful dog, the Chinese Crested is a lovable and loving family companion. Because of a tendency to be timid with strangers, it is important to socialize him at an early age. He is moderately active, trotting around the home to follow his people. His longer-than-usual feet, known as hare feet, allow him to grip toys and “hug” his people with an unusual grip when held Appearance 9-13” (23-33 cm) under 12 lb (5.5 kg) Hairless: silky flowing hair on head, tail, feet. Powderpuff: long, straight silky outercoat; short silky undercoat. Any colour or combination of colours. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON LADYDAY Reg’d, Breeding for quality, not quantity, we occasionally have health guaranteed purebred CHINESE CRESTED puppies from Champion bloodlines that are registered with the Canadian Kennel Club on a MANDATORY SPAY/NEUTER CONTRACT. Visits to come to our home to see our puppies and meet our dogs are always welcome, by appointment. (705) 985-3647; igsandcresteds@;


smooth coat. Our chows are amazing companions for any household. Ownership/ Breed information is available for people considering this special breed who have not experienced the joy of living with a chow. Box 129, Caley, AB T0L 0P0. chowridge@hotmail. ca; (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.)


Collie (Rough)


- See Spaniel (Clumber)

COLLIE (ROUGH) CH. ChowRidge Ida One For You, CH. I am Freyja O’NyanChow with handler, Jessica. Freya is owned by Mika Sekine, NyanChow, Japan and bred by Cyndi & Jessica Eldridge. Ida is bred and owned by Cyndi & Jessica Eldridge.

History Perhaps one of the oldest breeds, the Chow Chow may have existed as early as the 11th century BC. These dogs were used as hunting, draft, guard and flock dogs. The thick fluffy coats were prized for warm clothing.

For many years, the Chow Chow was never seen outside China. But around 1780, sailors smuggled some dogs among their cargo and exported them to Europe. Not knowing what to call the dogs, they used the generic name for all assorted cargo: chow chow. The unusual nature of the Chow Chow made it a spectacle Personality With his cute and cuddly in England, and the breed was displayed appearance, the Shar-Pei easily works his at the London Zoo as the “Wild Dog of way into people’s hearts. But his guard China”. Queen Victoria saw the dogs dog background makes him cautious, so there and decided to keep some as pets. he requires good socialization at an early The Chow Chow gained its popularity in age. Calm and steady in nature, he is an North America during the roaring 20s, independent fellow who loves his people, when the dogs became an addition to the but is aloof with strangers. Positive training homes of several movie stars. and active socialization make him a happy Personality Truly a one-person dog, the Chow bonds solidly to his chosen person, and enjoyable family member. and may remain a bit aloof with others. Appearance 17-20” (44-51 cm) He is loyal and dedicated, and benefits 40-60 lb (18-27 kg) from positive and consistent training. The Harsh straight coat with sandpaper Chow Chow is a natural guardian and texture. Can be short and bristly (horse loyal protector. coat) or long and thick (brush coat). Appearance 17-22” (43-56 cm) Weekly grooming and careful monitoring 45-70 lb (20-32 kg) of folds is required. Solid and sable Rough: abundant dense outercoat that stands off colours. No white. Blue-black tongue. the body, wooly undercoat. Neck ruff. Smooth: Quick Facts hard, dense smooth outercoat with definite Exercise Requirements undercoat. Red, black, fawn, blue, cream. Grooming Blue-black tongue and lips. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB ChowRidge Reg’d, Cyndi & Jessica Eldridge. CKC Registered. Breeding for health, temperament and longevity. Specializing in Red, Cream, Black rough coat with occasional

History This Scottish native is thought to have originated with the herding dogs the ancient Romans brought to Britain, and has been documented in writings dating as far back as the 1300s. Used primarily for herding down through the centuries, the Rough Collie became popular in England when Queen Victoria brought some of the dogs back from Scotland. The Rough Collie is best known in North America from the books by Albert Payson Terhune and the subsequent Lassie movies and popular television show, which premiered in the 1950s and ran for 20 years, forever immortalizing this distinctive breed. The Rough Collie is distinguished from his cousin by his abundant and luxurious outer coat. Personality Loyal and easy to train, the Rough Collie is a wonderful family companion. He is kind and affectionate, and thrives on affection and activity. He needs plenty of outdoor exercise, so is best suited to homes with a bit of space around them. Appearance 22-26” (56-66 cm) 50-75 lb (22.5-35 kg) Straight, harsh, abundant outer coat with short smooth hair on head and legs. Soft dense undercoat. Sable and white, blue merle and white, sable merle and white, tricolour and white with coloured markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming



When China became a Communist country, dogs were not considered a valuable commodity and the Shar-Pei nearly died out. Dog lovers appealed to American breeders to rescue the breed in the 1970s. The Shar-Pei’s unique appearance and rarity drew attention, and soon the breed made a comeback in North America.


Photo: Alice Van Kempen

History Named for its sandpaper-like coat, the Shar-Pei is an unusual breed that originated in China some 2,000 years ago. He was used for a variety of tasks including hunting, guarding and herding, and was prized as a fighting dog. The rough texture of his coat made him hard to grip, his loose folds of skin allowed him to turn on his opponent even when solidly held, and his tiny eyes and ears were protected from harm.


History Developed centuries ago as a herding and guarding dog, the Collie is thought to be named after the Scottish black-faced sheep he protected, called Colleys. Two types developed - the Rough Collie and Smooth Collie. Both were working dogs until Queen Victoria took an interest in them in the 1860s and brought them to England. Smooth and Rough Collies share the same lineage and breed standard, but in 1830, show breeders wanted a more elegant dog with an elongated head, and crossed the breed with the Borzoi, leading to a separation of work and show lines. The Smooth Collie remained the favourite in England; in North America, the Rough Collie’s popularity grew in the 20th century thanks to the Lassie movies and television shows.

History The royal dog of Madagascar, the Coton de Tulear is likely a combination of small Bichon-type dogs brought there by Portuguese and Spanish sailors in the 16th century. They were favoured companion dogs of the wealthy. They weren’t well known until 1853 when French dog fancier and governor of Fort Dauphin, Etienne de Flacourt, recorded the small mostly white dogs. He named them Coton, for their cottony texture and colour, and de Tulear, for the coastal city where they were said to originate.

Personality Like the Lassie of television fame, the Smooth Collie is a brave and loyal dog, whose intelligence makes him seem to read his owner’s mind. He is highly sociable, and excellent with children and other pets. Alert and conscious of his family’s safety, the Collie is a good watchdog. Lots of exercise and activities to occupy his mind help keep him relaxed and happy. With training he can participate in nearly any canine sport, and he makes an excellent therapy dog. Appearance 20-26” (51-66 cm) 40-75 lb (18-34 kg)

History A German breed, the Dachshund was bred to be a hunter, followed on foot by his handler. The long sleek profile typical of the breed allows him to get inside the burrows of his prey. Miniaturesized Dachshunds were primarily used to hunt rabbits and similar small prey. The Long Haired variety may have originated from the selective breeding of longerhaired individuals. Others suggest that breeders incorporated Field Spaniels into The dogs were then imported to France, their breeding programs, thus adding a where the breed standard was set in 1969. longer softer coat to the sleek longCoton de Tulears didn’t arrive in North bodied dogs. Whatever their origin, Long America until 1974, and they quickly gained Haired Dachshunds are prized for their popularity as a lap dog. elegant appearance. Personality Adorable and affectionate, the Personality Fun-loving and easy to get Coton de Tulear makes a wonderful family pet. along with, Dachshunds do well in a variety He is sociable and gets along well with children of homes. With their short legs and small and other animals. Highly bonded to his people, size, Miniature Long Haired Dachshunds he doesn’t like to be left alone. He responds do well as apartment dogs. Like most scent well to positive training, though he does have a hounds, Dachshunds like to follow their stubborn streak at times. The Coton de Tulear is noses, and are likely to investigate any a capable watchdog who will let his people know interesting holes in the ground. of any possible intruders or unusual activity. Appearance Up to 14” (35 cm); chest Appearance 10-12” (23-28 cm) circumference 12-14” (30-35 8-13 lb (3.5-6 kg) cm) Up to 11 lb (5 kg) Thick, supple single coat. Cottony texture. Double coat with soft straight or wavy Slightly wavy. White ground colour, also black, outercoat. Solid (red, cream), two-coloured grey, yellow, tricolour and white markings. (black, chocolate, grey or white with


Short, hard dense outercoat. Soft, dense furry undercoat. Sable and white, tricolour, blue merle and white. May have Quick Facts Exercise Requirements white and/or tan markings. Grooming Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON THISTLEBRAE Reg’d, JoAnne Pringle. Wonderful family-friendly Smooth and Rough Collies. Smooths are fun and energetic and easy to groom. Roughs have the glamour look, but do require more grooming. Experienced breeder of 25 years offers health guarantee and life long support. Close to Toronto in the hills of Caledon. (905) 880-1770;;




Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Collie (Smooth)



Very minimal Minimal Average More than average Maximum

rust-brown or yellow markings), dappled (brown, grey or white background with irregular patches of black, grey, brown, red or yellow) or striped (red or yellow with darker striping). Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Polonez, Wojciech & Margaret Krzewski. Home-raised, fun-loving, affectionate and well socialized healthy puppies occasionally available to approved homes. Southern, Ontario. Cell (416) 816-6511; gosia.

History Born to hunt, the Dachshund was bred in Germany to go to ground after burrowing prey such as badgers. Miniature varieties were used to hunt rabbit and hare, which their larger Personality A bright and friendly cousins couldn’t reach. family favourite, the Miniature Smooth Dachshund may be small, but not in personality. He has plenty of energy, Its popularity in North America declined though his short legs make it easy to keep during the First and Second World Wars, him well exercised. Because he was bred to when its German origins caused people be a hunter, it is important to remember to turn against the breed. The wire-haired that he loves to follow a scent, and will dig if variety of Dachshund was the last to be he finds something interesting in the yard. developed. It isn’t certain whether the wire hair came from selective breeding, Appearance Up to 14” (35 cm); chest or if hard-coated Terriers and Pinschers circumference 12-14” (30-35 cm) Up to 11 lb (5 kg) might have been added to the bloodlines. Smooth, shiny short coat. Solid (red, Either way, the breed’s Terrier-like looks cream), two-coloured (black, chocolate, combined with its Dachshund body grey or white with rust-brown or yellow shape appealed to North Americans markings), dappled (brown, grey and has helped increase its popularity in or white background with irregular recent years. patches of black, grey, brown, red or yellow)or striped (red or yellow with Personality With his short legs and cheery darker striping). tail, the Dachshund is sure to bring a Quick Facts smile to his people. He is loyal and loving, Exercise Requirements though he does have a bit of a stubborn Grooming streak at times. Like most small breeds, the Dachshund can be a bit snippy with ON children, but if well socialized does very Careanuff Reg’d, Tammy L. Brown. ALL my Dachshunds LIVE in my home. Pups are BORN well with them. He also loves to follow his in my Bedroom and come to you Pre-Spoiled, nose and may attempt to “hunt” in the Socialized and Loved. Choose from a Variety of yard, digging at interesting holes. Colours and Patterns. I look forward to filling your Arms, Heart and Home with the Pitter Patter of little Dachshund feet!! Newbury, ON N0L 1Z0. (519) 695-6596; careanuff@hotmail. ca;


Appearance Up to 14” (35 cm); chest circumference 12-14” (30-35 cm) Up to 11 lb (5 kg)

Dachshund (Standard Smooth)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History Believed to be the original ancestor of the other Dachshund breeds, the Standard Smooth Haired Dachshund hunted badger and fox from as early as the 16th century in Germany. A true terrier, the Dachshund was bred for its long, narrow body that could easily fit into the holes of its prey. When Prince Albert introduced the breed to Britain, confusion over the translation of “hund” caused it to be classified as a hound, and the Dachshund has remained in that group ever since. Personality Friendly, alert and outgoing, the high spirited Dachshund makes a good watchdog as well as a great companion. Because of his Terrier qualities, he likes to take charge of situations, so early, consistent training, lots of patience and early socialization is important. A fenced yard will help contain this fearless fellow, who may find himself following his gifted sense of smell if given the opportunity. Regular exercise will keep the Dachshund happy as well as trim. This is a breed that does well in the city or the country. Appearance 8- 9” (20-23 cm) 12-32 lb (5.5-14 kg) Short, smooth, odourless and shiny coat. Solid (red, cream), two-coloured (black, chocolate, grey or white with rust-brown or yellow markings), dappled (brown, grey or white background with irregular patches of black, grey, brown, red or yellow) or striped (red or yellow with darker striping). Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming




Double coat with uniform short harsh outercoat. Beard. Solid (red, cream), two-coloured (black, chocolate, grey or white with rust-brown or yellow markings), dappled (brown, grey, or white background with irregular patches of black, grey, brown, red or yellow) or striped (red or yellow with darker striping).

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

History All Dachshunds originated in Germany, where they were used as go-toground hunting hounds. Different sizes specialized in different prey, with larger dogs pursuing badgers and smaller ones going after rabbit and hare. To differentiate Dachshund sizes, the Germans measured the circumference of the dog’s chest. A smaller chest meant the dog could pursue smaller prey; the smallest were called rabbit-sized. In North America, we do not recognize the rabbit-sized dogs, and measure their sizes by weight rather than girth. The Miniature Smooth Dachshund is the small version of the original Standard Smooth Dachshund; it’s believed these “minis” were developed by breeding together smaller-than-usual Standard Dachshunds.

Disguise Perm. Reg’d, Tanya McCarthy. Prespoiled and pre-loved beautiful dachshunds, raised in our home as part of our family. Breeding only from quality, championed, health tested parents with an emphasis on temperament, health and conformation. Reservations recommended as we only breed occasionally. Actively participating in the conformation, earth dog and obedience rings. Wellandport, ON, L0R 2J0. Tanya McCarthy (905) 920-3987;;

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Photo: Alice Van Kempen




History The Dalmatian has been known in Europe since the Middle Ages and takes his name from Dalmatia (now a part of Croatia), where the earliest records of the breed exist. His origin is unclear, although some histories portray him as a gundog, a herding dog, a draft dog, a guardian and a ratter.

History First-named of the terrier breeds, the Dandie Dinmont hails from the rugged border country between England and Scotland. Local farmers developed the fearless little dog to root out badgers and otters. Jealously guarded by a limited number of owners, the sturdy breed performed without any specific name or pedigree until it was immortalized in literature. Writer Sir Walter Scott was so charmed by these affectionate little dogs that he incorporated them into his 1812 novel, Guy Mannering. The book’s main character, a farmer named Dandie Dinmont, owned a whole family of the terriers, and soon the breed became as famous as the book. Queen Victoria owned and bred “Dandie Dinmont’s terriers”.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Dachshund (Standard Wire-Haired)


History Named for their prey, the “dachs” or badger, the Dachshund is a hardy hunting dog from Germany. The breed was selected for its long, narrow body that could easily fit into narrow holes in the ground. The dog’s long floppy ears protected the ear canals from dirt when going to ground, and his long wavy tail signaled his location while hunting, and offered a grip should he become wedged in a hole. The Standard Wire-Haired Dachshund was created by adding Terrier blood to produce a spunky dog with a more weather-resistant coat. Personality Big personality in a little body certainly describes the Dachshund. A happy, sometimes opinionated fellow, he is an affectionate and cheerful member of the family. His history as a hunter makes it important to socialize him with cats or small pets, though he will accept them as family if introduced at a young age. Outside, the Dachshund likes to follow his nose and dig when things smell interesting. Overall he is an easy-going family pet who is happy to be with his people. Appearance 14-18” (35-46 cm); chest circumference 14” (35 cm) 11-20 lb (5-9 kg) Double coat with uniform short harsh outercoat. Beard. Solid (red, cream), two-coloured (black, chocolate, grey or white with rust-brown or yellow markings), dappled (brown, grey or white background with irregular patches of black, grey, brown, red or yellow) or striped (red or yellow with darker striping).


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

When the Dalmatian made his appearance in England in the 18th century, he became immensely popular as a carriage dog, accompanying the aristocracy’s ornate conveyances and horses around town and on long treks through the countryside. He could also be found in the stables of the working class, and in fire stations with horse-drawn water wagons. The four-legged “siren” would help clear the streets by running ahead of the wagon barking. When the Dalmatian arrived in the New World (the U.S.), he automatically endeared himself to firefighters, and no station was complete without one of these spotted mascots.

Personality Intelligent, loyal and adaptable, the Dandie Dinmont is at home in city or country. He is protective, with a loud bark for such a little dog. Good Personality Intelligent and enthusiastic, with children, he can be independent with lots of joie de vivre and a good demeanour. and distant with strangers. Early training Socialization, positive training and an and socializing will reinforce his natural abundance of exercise make this athletic responsiveness and serenity. fellow a happy, loyal companion. Appearance 8 -11” (20-28 cm) Appearance 2 1-24” (56-61 cm) 53-70 lb (24-32 kg)

18-24 lb (8-11 kg)

Non-shedding coat. “Pepper” (light grey Pure white with black or liver coloured to blue-black) or “mustard” (light fawn to spots, ranging from a dime to half-dollar in reddish brown), his distinctive top-knot is always white. Round head. Expressive size. Short, sleek, dense and glossy coat. “liquid” eyes. Quick facts Quick Facts Exercise requirements Grooming Exercise Requirements Grooming

It’s just the most amazing thing to love a dog, isn’t it? It makes our relationships with people seem as boring as a bowl of oatmeal. – John Grogan, author 100



History The regal Scottish Deerhound has a centuries-old history with Scottish landowners, developing as a descendant of the most northern types of British Greyhounds known in the 18th and 19th centuries as Highland Greyhounds or rough Scotch Greyhounds. These rough haired Deerhounds were traditionally used to hunt the 250-300 pound Highland Red deer by coursing over treacherous rocky heath and hill country. Today, Deerhounds are primarily companions and family members. Their grace, dignity, and beauty have been faithfully depicted by numerous artists over the years, including Sir Edwin Landseer. Novelist Sir Walter Scott was also a fan, describing the Scottish Deerhound as “the most perfect creature of Heaven”. Personality Calm, dignified, devoted and gentle-natured, the mature Scottish Deerhound makes an excellent family pet when its exercise needs are satisfied. While their large size might intimidate some, the Scottish Deerhound is neither a barker nor a watchdog, and is far too kind hearted to be a guard dog. Not surprisingly, he loves to run and needs a securely fenced yard or a safe place to exercise off leash. Appearance 2 8-32” (71-81 cm) 75-110 lb (34-50 kg) Coat is harsh, shaggy and close-lying with some beard and moustache. Dark blue-grey and various shades of grey brindle prevail with the old original colours of yellow, sandy red or red fawn with black points now lost in time. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Fernhill Perm. Reg’d, Barbara Heidenreich. Committed to breeding healthy guaranteed, quality, high-performance (coursing and show) Deerhounds for fifty years. My “Primer” on understanding and raising Deerhounds is available from Visitors welcome. Bailieboro, ON. (705) 939-6831;;

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Am. & Can. CH Caretta’s Marcus, BPISS, (ASFA) FCH, Multi Group Placements, conformation, performance, but most of all companion. Bred/Owned by Susan Trow, Caretta Reg’d. Lac Superieur, QC.

History Karl Freidrich Louis Dobermann was a tax collector in Germany during the mid-1800s. Tax collectors were understandably not well liked, and the job was very dangerous. To keep himself safe, and to make his job easier, Dobermann decided to produce a large Pinscher-type dog who could work by his side. By combining a variety of breeds such as the German Shepherd, Rottweiler, Weimaraner, German Pinscher, Greyhound and Manchester Terrier, he produced a dog that was lean, brave, loyal and decidedly protective. The breed was recognized as the Doberman Pinscher by 1900. Over time, the Doberman’s brave and intelligent nature has made him an excellent working dog. He has been used for police work, search and rescue, guiding, guarding and much more. He is a favourite of the military. While he was originally bred to have a fierce temperament, modern breeders have selected for level-headedness and responsiveness.

ON McCartney Ron, Ultrasound Reg’d. 47 years of dedication, breeding for longevity, and strong hearts. Health tested. Quality and temperamentplus, brains and beauty. Canadian and American bloodlines. Show and companion prospects. Written health guarantee. Puppies occasionally to responsible homes. Best of Winners at the Doberman Association Specialty 2018 (Ultrasounds Titanium) RR 4, Owen Sound, ON N4K 5N6. Home (519) 7943456; Cell (226) 668-6031; ultrasoundkennel@gmail. com;


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

QC Mont-dobe enr. 1985 Perm. Reg’d, Jocelyn Bourdeau. Éleveur de dobermann depuis 1985, 1e éleveur au Québec de dobermann européen, chiot issue des meilleures lignées européennes, norden stamm, langenhorst linenhof, stivenhage, royalbell, Des Brumes de Kahland and vom Nobleback. Petit élevage de très haute qualité, une portée par année. (450) 883-5045;


History A hunting dog with Swedish roots (“drev” means “to hunt” in Swedish), the Drever is a descendant of the Westphalian Dachsbracke from Germany – another hound dog of similar temperament and short-legged stature. The Drever is known for its first-class nose, and for being a powerful tracker that excels at driving game toward the gun. Recognized as a Swedish breed in 1953, the Drever is considered a rare breed in North America, though it remains one of the most popular dogs in its native Sweden.

Personality Today’s Doberman Pinscher is a far more tractable dog than Herr Dobermann’s original breed. He is intelligent and loyal, and dedicated to his person. Bred to be a working dog, the Doberman does best when he has a purpose, and excels at obedience and police work. He remains a protective individual who serves his owner with a dedication few other breeds can match. Personality Described as both tenacious and As a household companion, the Doberman industrious, the Drever lives for work, and Pinscher is good with children and other often wants to continue hunting long after his dogs if socialization and regular exercise is owner is finished. Despite its strong mentality, provided from an early age. the Drever can be calm and friendly, and is notorious for his constantly wagging tail. Appearance 24-29” (61-72 cm) Always alert and ready for action, this breed 70-99 lb (32-45 kg) requires plenty of exercise and socializing to Short, smooth hard coat. Black, red, blue keep him physically and mentally stimulated. or fawn with rust markings.



QC Caretta Reg’d, Susan Trow. Dedicated to the breed I have loved for many years. Homeraised, well socialized puppies occasionally available. My breeding is done with careful consideration for health, temperament, conformation and performance, from North American, Scottish and Australian bloodlines. Lifetime owner support. Une elevage deliberee avec les chiots disponibles occasionnelement. Home (819) 688-5697; Cell (819) 421-5697; (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement to the left.)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen


Dutch Shepherd Dog

Drever That being said, apartment life isn’t necessarily a write-off, as Drevers are independent and can occupy themselves indoors between walks, provided their activity needs are adequately met. Since the Drever can be somewhat headstrong, consistent positive training is important from an early age.

The Dutch Shepherd looks much like a German Shepherd, but with three different weather-resistant coat variations: shorthaired, long-haired or wiry/rough-haired. Black with streaks of gold and grey. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Shorthaired Long and Wiry/Rough-haired


- See Spaniel (English Cocker) Appearance 11-16” (28-40 cm) 32-34 lb (14-16 kg) Thick but short coat with denser areas on ENGLISH TOY SPANIEL neck, back, and back of thighs. Large, - See King Charles Spaniel long, well-proportioned head with drop ears. Short legs similar to a Dachshund’s and long, bristly tail. Colours range from ENTLEBUCHER MOUNTAIN DOG fawn, black or black/tan, always with white patches on face, feet, neck, chest and tail.

Male is longer than the square-shaped female. Soft, fluffy chest and blaze, with smooth, shiny outercoat. Undercoat is soft and dense. Muscular, sturdy body. Symmetrical tricolour markings are black, white, and tan, or black, white, and yellow. Can also have brown, white, and yellow markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

DUTCH SHEEPDOG -See Schapendoes


History In the early 1600s, when much of the Netherlands was devoted to sheepherding, the Dutch Shepherd Dog excelled at tending to flocks. But as sheep farming diminished, so did the breed itself. In the last few decades, however, dedicated Dutch Shepherd breeders have kept this smart and active dog thriving at farm work and, more extensively, at police and guard duty.


Because of the popularity of his German Shepherd cousin, the Dutch Shepherd is considered a rare breed in North America. Personality Alert and quick to learn, the Dutch Shepherd Dog does best with early training, followed by ongoing pursuits such as agility, field training and herding. He is exceedingly smart and requires ongoing mental and physical challenges. Naturally protective, loyal and tireless, this is a dog best paired with a strong, confident, active owner. Appearance 22-24.5” (55-62 cm) 65-67 lb (29.5-30.5 kg) 102


History Originating in the valley of Entlebuch in Switzerland, the Entlebucher is the smallest of the four Swiss Sennenhunds (mountain dogs). Like all of the Sennenhund breeds, he is thought to be descended from the large Molossers brought to Switzerland by the Romans in the first century B.C. This hardy Alpine breed was used primarily for herding cows, but also occasionally for hogs and horses. The Entlebucher was recognized as a separate Swiss Mountain Dog breed in the late 1800s, and received breed club status in 1926.

History When stags grew scarce in the 13th century, aristocratic English hunters turned to pursuing the quick and clever fox. Tracking hounds of the original Bloodhound type lacked enough speed and agility for this livelier chase, so astute breeding produced the lighter and more sure-footed English Foxhound. Records of specialized Foxhound kennels date back to 1696, with 50 more kennels established in the next five decades. This handsome breed made its way to North America in the late 18th century and was the predecessor to the American Foxhound, Coonhound and other scent hounds.

Personality The archetype pack animal, the English Foxhound is a congenial creature. Personality This strong-muscled, indepen- As affectionate as he is, the Foxhound may dent, confident dog is happiest when he is not always suit a family home. His lineage providing work for his family. Give him a gives him a powerful instinct, and for this job to do and he’ll gladly come through! reason, training should start in puppyhood. The naturally bob-tailed Entlebucher is Ancestry almost always ensures that the highly-intelligent and has the ability to be English Foxhound may be happiest in a well-focused, so positive training from an pack, running daily to keep fit for the activity early age is important. Adventurous and he loves: the chase. determined, this dog is a great companion for outdoor activities, sports, hiking, and long Appearance 23-25” (58-64 cm) city strolls. This friendly dog is devoted to his 65-70 lb (29.5-31.5 kg) family, and despite being quite independent, Short, dense, glossy coat. Black, tan and thrives when given lots of attention. The Entlebucher is a perfect breed for someone white colour in any combination. who can be a positive leader and wants an Quick Facts active canine companion. With socialization, Exercise Requirements they are usually good with children, Grooming strangers, and other dogs. Appearance 16.5-19.5” (42-50 cm) 55-65 lb (25-29.5 kg)

ENGLISH SPRINGER SPANIEL - See Spaniel (English Springer)


History The Eurasier is a recent breed whose development is credited to Julius Wipfel of Germany. He crossed the Wolfspitz (Keeshond) with the Chow Chow, known for his calm, affectionate and independent yet loyal nature, and called the resulting dogs Wolf-Chows.

History For centuries, Spaniels have provided humans with companionship and performance. While smaller types enjoyed hearth and home, larger Spaniels flushed game from field and stream. It was only a dog’s size and job that determined a Spaniel “breed”. With the introduction of dog shows in mid-19th century Britain, breeders developed a more nuanced system. While some Spaniel types continued to work, the larger Field Spaniel found itself assigned to the show ring. The breed was a hit. But in trying to improve on perfection, breeders developed the well proportioned canine into an awkward, heavy headed dog. Health problems followed, and for a time, the breed fell out of favour. A century ago, committed breeders restored the Field Spaniel to his original build, sustaining the breed and meeting the standards that dog fanciers recognize and appreciate today.

History The Finnish Lapphund originally hunted reindeer and provided protection for the Sami people who lived above the Arctic Circle. When the semi-nomadic tribes established settlements in a region that included parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland and northwestern Russia, this Spitz-type dog turned from hunting reindeer to herding them. As reindeer declined, the Lapphund was invaluable in herding cattle and sheep.

The Zuchmeinschaft für Erasier was founded in 1973; the name was changed to Eurasier, reflecting the combination of European and Asian breeds. The Eurasier was recognized by the CKC in 1995, but remains unrecognized in the United States. Personality The primary goal of Wipfel’s breeding program was to produce a Spitz with a consistently excellent temperament. The resulting even-tempered, friendly, intelligent and calm-natured Eurasier is a supreme family dog. He is neither timid nor aggressive, though he can be aloof with strangers. At home he is deeply attached to his family, and hates to be left alone. Because he was always intended as a companion, the Eurasier does not need a lot of exercise, though regular walks are a necessity to keep him healthy and fit. Appearance 19-24” (48-60 cm) 39-71 lb (18-32 kg)

In the 1940s, Finnish breeders established standards under the dog’s original name, the Lapponian Shepherd Dog. The name encompassed both long- and short-haired types. Currently, it is the long-haired breed we identify as the Finnish Lapphund, or the Lapinkoira, as it’s sometimes called.

A familiar companion dog in Finnish homes, the Lapphund’s worldwide Personality The Field Spaniel’s sporting popularity is on the rise. ancestry, coupled with an abiding love for Personality The Lapphund’s strongest “his people”, make the breed a desirable trait is his tendency to herd. This is a dog family dog. Calm and affectionate, he is who likes to be in on the action, and as his also game for a romp. The Field Spaniel ancestors were capable of herding all day is intelligent, and adapts to an urban long, he thrives in an active environment. or country setting. The Field Spaniel is Courageous, faithful and intelligent, the sensitive, so early gentle training ensures Finnish Lapphund has an intuitive nature his affection will extend to strangers. that picks up direction almost before his Appearance 17-18” (43-45.5 cm) trainer supplies it. 35-50 lb (16-22.5 kg) Appearance 16-20.5” (40.5-52 cm) Moderately long, flat or wavy coat. Glossy 33-53 lb (15-24 kg) with moderate feathering. Black, liver, golden-liver, mahogany red or Dense, insulating double coat. All colours, with one colour dominating. roan. Tan markings acceptable.

Medium-length, harsh loosely-lying outercoat. Thick undercoat. All colours and colour combinations except pure Quick Facts white, white patches or liver. Exercise Requirements Grooming Quick Facts

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Exercise Requirements Grooming



Some breeders chose to select more for type, neglecting temperament. When these lines were culled from the breed, the remaining dogs became too inbred. To correct this, Wipfel crossed his dogs to Samoyeds because of their friendly temperament and natural vigour.

Finnish Lapphund


Photo: Alice Van Kempen


Finnish Spitz




- See Retriever (Flat Coated)


History The Fox Terrier has been around since the early days of mounted fox hunts. Hounds were used to scent and follow prey, History One of the original English terriers, but were not suited to taking the fox in its the Fox Terrier has been ferreting out small den. For this, hunters would carry a Fox animals since the 1400s. When fox hunting Terrier in a sack or box as they rode, letting became the British aristocracy’s favourite him out when the fox had gone to ground sport in the 18th century, hunters carried so he could pursue the fox into its den and the compact dog on horseback, setting chase it out. him down when the prey took cover. The The breed existed for many years before scrappy little dog was sure to go to ground – being defined in the late 1800s when dog and have something to show for it. In 1862, shows became popular. Two varieties were the breed made its first appearance at a dog recognized – the smooth coated and wire show in the English manufacturing centre coated Fox Terrier. The ancestry of each of Birmingham, thereby guaranteeing its is likely different, with the Greyhound, Beagle and Bull Terrier founding the place as “the working man’s” favourite. Smooth Fox Terrier, and the now extinct The breed made its North American debut Welsh Black and Tan Terrier founding the at the turn of the 20th century. Not long Wire Fox Terrier. Despite their differing The original dogs were used to hunt afterwards, it was immortalized in the record origins, the two varieties were not company logo for “His Master’s Voice”. recognized as separate breeds in North large game, but modern Finnish Spitz are America until the 1980s. Personality Scrappy, happy, plucky and primarily bird dogs. Called the “barking bird personable, the Fox Terrier’s compact size Personality Alert and active, the Wire Fox dog”, he has a unique hunting style in which makes him a natural city dweller, providing Terrier is a fun dog to have around the he alerts hunters to where he finds the birds he gets plenty of fun and exercise. True to home. He is a hunter at heart and should with a continuous bark, called a yodel. his breeding, the Fox Terrier can be a digger, be watched with smaller pets that might be Personality Reserved with strangers, yet which makes him a candidate for early training. considered prey. Early socialization helps him become more confident and easy to playful and even clownish with friends, the Appearance 14.5-15.5” (36.8-39.5 cm) manage when confronted with new people 15.5-18 lb (7-8 kg) Finnish Spitz is a vocal breed who likes to and situations. He is quite intelligent make his presence known. He is highly and with positive training can do well in loyal to his people, and can be protective Smooth, thick, hard coat. Mostly white with obedience or agility. The Wire Fox Terrier gets quite attached to his people, prefers to at times. Early socialization helps him feel black, tan or ginger markings. not be left alone for long periods, and can comfortable with new people, though he Quick Facts be a bit of a barker. will always show caution among strangers. Exercise Requirements Appearance Up to 15.5” (40 cm) Like many hunting breeds, the Finnish Grooming Up to 18 lb (8 kg) Spitz is an athlete, and makes an excellent YT Wiry, hard dense outercoat. Soft dense jogging companion as long as the weather YaYa’s SFT, offers happy, confident, home- undercoat. Mostly white with black, black isn’t too hot. raised puppies from health-tested show and and tan, or tan markings. performance lines. Seriously “the best little Appearance 15-20” (39-51 cm) dogs ever!” Contact Sheila (867) 334-2916; Quick Facts 15-35 lb (7-16 kg) Exercise Requirements Grooming Straight, long harsh outercoat. Short, soft dense undercoat. Shades of reddish brown, SK Paigewyre Reg’d, Patricia E Garling. Quality golden red. May have white markings.


History Originating in Lapland (the northern regions of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia), the Finnish Spitz, also known as the Lapinkoira, was a hunting dog who tracked large prey such as bear and elk. For many years the breed remained pure, but as technology and transportation improved, Lapland dogs spread southwards and interbred with local dog populations. Crossbreeding deteriorated the breed so much that by 1880 the Lapinkoira was nearly extinct. Finnish breed fanciers searched the northern regions for purebred examples of the breed, and by the 1890s began a concerted effort to recreate the pure Finnish Spitz.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming 104


homeraised puppies occasionally for pet or show. Stud service available. Health guaranteed. 938 1st St, Estevan, SK S4A 0G6. (306) 634-1252; paigewyre@sasktel. net;

Canadian Grand Champion Karendon’s A Whole Latte Love (Latte). Latte represents 18 generations of linebreeding Healthy French Bulldogs with Sound Temperaments and Extraordinary Type. Bred/Owned by Karen E. Cram, Karendon Perm. Registered. CKC Master Breeder. Photo credit Sebastien Hinse

History The Bulldog was very popular in England during the 1800s. While the larger varieties were best for fighting, many people preferred the smaller ones, which became much-loved house pets. The Nottingham region of England, known for its lacemaking, was particularly enamoured of these smaller Bulldogs. When the Industrial Revolution and economic downturn of the 1860s forced lace-makers to move to France in pursuit of work, they took their dogs with them. These animals were then crossed with local dogs, producing the breed now known as the French Bulldog. The French Bulldog became popular in North America in the 19th century. At that time, both the English-style “rose” (folded) ears and the newer “bat” (erect) ears were considered acceptable. American breeders greatly preferred the bat ears. Eventually they won out. Bat ears are now the accepted breed standard. Personality Cheerful and full of playful joie de vivre, the French Bulldog or Frenchie is a wonderful family pet. He gets along with everyone, including other pets. His shortened muzzle tends to make him snore and drool, and he shouldn’t be exercised heavily in hot weather. With his happy disposition and good-hearted nature, he enjoys positive training and is generally an obedient soul. Appearance 12” (30 cm) 22-28 lb (10-12.5 kg)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming



CAPPI VOM BURGIMWALD. CKC Grand Champion, BEST in SHOW 100% REAL GERMAN Bloodlines. Home of GCH Diesel vom Burgimwald from the hit CityTV Series Hudson & Rex. Burgimwald Inc., Shanty Bay, ON. Serious Inquiries Contact - 705-333-8888

History Although he looks like a miniature Doberman, the German Pinscher goes back centuries and was the inspiration for Louis Dobermann when he created his breed. The progenitors of the Pinscher were Terriers, too large to chase prey underground but suited to hunting beaver, badger and otter. By the 15th century, the breed developed into the Rattler, which came in two varieties: smooth and rough. The German Pinscher is descended from the smooth Rattler. The breed was not recognized officially until 1879. Like many German breeds, the Pinscher nearly died out during the First and Second World Wars. In 1958, Herr Werner Jung undertook the effort of rebuilding the breed, searching Germany for good representatives of the Pinscher type. All modern German Pinschers are descendants of Jung’s breeding program.

Personality Always alert and at the ready, the German Pinscher is a multi-talented dog who needs strong leadership and a job to keep him Quick Facts happy. He is intelligent and assertive, Exercise Requirements quick to learn, and able to think for Grooming himself. German Pinschers do well in many dog sports, and benefit from early ON KARENDON PERM. REG’D., CKC MASTER socialization. Short, smooth glossy coat. Brindle, fawn, cream, white, brindle and white, brindle pied or black-masked fawn.

BREEDER. For over 30 years and 19 generations, we have focused our select breeding program on health, temperament and type. Our Pedigrees represent the finest bloodlines in the world.

Short, dense, smooth close-lying coat. All solid colours ranging from fawn to stag red, black and blue with reddishtan markings.

German Shepherd Dog

In addition to being Canadian and American Conformation Champions, our Beautiful French Bulldogs are Best In Specialty Show, Best In Show, and Multiple Group Winners. They are always lovingly Breeder/Owner Handled in the Conformation Show Ring. Most importantly, our French Bulldogs are Amazing pets, with average lifespans of 1214 years. Our French Bulldogs are always fed a whole food raw diet. (613) 752-2382;; www. (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement to the left.)

Appearance 1 7-20” (43-51 cm) 31-44 lb (14-20 kg)

History One of the world’s best known breeds, the German Shepherd was created by Rittmeister Max von Stephanitz. In the 1890s, von Stephanitz sought to create a superb German herding dog. He selected the best dogs from local farm stock, and the result was the German Shepherd. When the need for herding dogs decreased, von Stephanitz continued promoting his breed by encouraging the military and police to use them. They did so well that 48,000 German Shepherds were enlisted in the German Army during World War I. The German Shepherd’s intelligence and versatility have kept him popular, despite the boycotting of German breeds during the First and Second World Wars. He now is used for many purposes including police work, search and rescue, scent discrimination, guide and assistance duties and military work. He is also a prized companion dog. Personality An intelligent and poised dog, the German Shepherd is prized for his quick-thinking, brave and observant nature. He is easy to train, and loves to work. To stay happy, he needs regular exercise for both mind and body. German Shepherds make great family dogs, and do well with children. Appearance 21-26” (55-66 cm) 48-88 lb (22-40 kg) Medium-length, dense harsh outercoat. Thick undercoat. May have ruff. Most colours accepted except white.




Glen of Imaal Terrier

German Shepherd Dog


History The Glen of Imaal Terrier gets its name from its place of origin – the remote, rocky Glen of Imaal in mountainous mid-Eastern Ireland. As trusty sidekicks to farmers, “glens”, as they’re known, were trained to hunt varmint – especially badgers – and perform other odd farm chores. Their nickname “Turnspit Dog” suggests that they were used in kitchens to run on a wheel that turned meat on a spit – a job perfectly suited to their stalky, powerful legs. This resilient terrier breed was a well-kept secret in Ireland for several hundred years until it was first brought to North America in the 1930s. It wasn’t until the 1980s, however, that breeders and fanciers intentionally imported several of the dogs from overseas, founding the Glen of Imaal Terrier Club of America in 1986. Nearly 40 years later in 2021, the Glen of Imaal Terrier was recognized as a registered breed by the Canadian Kennel Club.

History The Great Dane got his name from an 18th century French naturalist who believed the breed originated in Denmark and called it the “Grand Danois”. In actuality, the breed was developed in Germany where it was called the “Deutsche Dogge” or German Mastiff. This is a far more suitable name since the Great Dane likely descended from the ancient Alaunt, a Mastiff-type dog depicted in tomb drawings as early as 2200 BC. Over time, Irish Wolfhound and English Mastiff bloodlines were likely added, giving the breed added size. Strong and brave, the Great Dane was a war dog for Germans and Celts, but over time, the Germans refined the breed, which was so well loved that it was declared the national dog of Germany in 1876. By the mid-1800s, Great Danes were imported to North America where breeders worked to tone down their sometimes fiercely protective nature, producing an eventempered though still protective dog. This made North American Great Danes the most desirable in the world.

Some breeders select for white shepherds and promote them as a separate breed. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Guardian Angels Shepherds Reg’d, Mary Ann Marcellus. Breeding for health & temperament. All European working lines with no American show lines. German Shepherds the way they used to be! Three generations on site. Specializing in strong, sound and courageous partners! Bowden, AB T0M 0K0. (403) 556-3635;; (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) ON Armstrong-Purnell Janice & Murray Purnell, Sanhedrin Reg’d. Quality home raised puppies from sound, health champion & obedience OFA certified clear stock. Our dogs do well in Obedience & Shows, but most of all, are loving family companions. 8676 Hwy 9, Tottenham, ON L0G 1W0. (416) 4413724 Cell;; www. Burgimwald Reg’d, Excellent temperament with high drive and happy disposition living on our forested 60 acre estate. Our dogs are from Germany’s top world famous bloodlines. Zamp, Farbenspiel, 14 generations of Trienzbachtal bloodlines and many more. All of our dogs are Canadian Champions. Home of champion dog, Diesel vom Burgimwald, costar of CityTV’s Hudson & Rex. Our puppies are outstanding. Born and raised in our home puppy nursery. Puppy inquiries welcome. Barrie, ON. Young dogs and trained adults from Germany available occasionally. Call Erwin at (705) 333-8888; burgimwald@gmail. com; (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) Committed to Canine, Lucescu Reg’d. 100 % European Lines. Health Guaranteed. Puppies and adults for family companions, police and competition. (905) 386-6993; (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)



SK Backstromhus Reg’d, Edith Norling. Bred for soundness, loyalty, athleticism and intelligence. Home-raised puppies are good with children and make excellent companions. They do well in obedience, tracking and protection work. All breeding stock is health checked working or VA lines from Germany. Guarantee provided. Stud service and custom importing available. Saskatoon, SK (306) 653-2324; gnilrone@;



Personality Built for hard work but a sucker for a scratch behind the ears, the glen makes an excellent addition to family life. The breed is highly affectionate and less excitable than most terriers, and displays great courage in the face of new environments. Because of their background, glens thrive when given a job, and should be engaged in both mental and physical exercise daily. Appearance 12-14” (30-36 cm) 30-40 lb (14-18 kg) Medium length rough, wiry coat with soft undercoat. Wheaten or blue brindle Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

GOLDEN RETRIEVER -See Retriever (Golden)

GORDON SETTER - See Setter (Gordon)

Personality Big, bold and a bit goofy, the Great Dane is a loving dog who adores his people. He is a leaner, preferring to be right up against his owner, and if he had his way he’d be a lap dog too. He enjoys going for long and often brisk walks, and without training can be difficult to hold onto once he gets going. Given his great size and independent thinking, it is important to start training early, keeping sessions short and sweet. Appearance At least 28” (71 cm) At least 100 lb (46 kg) Short, thick glossy coat. Brindle, fawn, black, harlequin, mantle and Blue. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

The Great Pyrenees remained popular as a herder. He was also favoured as a guard dog. In the mid-1600s, several Great Pyrenees were exported by Basque fishermen who brought them to the Canadian Maritimes. There they became founders for the Newfoundland dog. More recently, Great Pyrenees were exported to North America in the 1930s, where they gained new popularity among breeders. Personality Bred to be a herd guardian, it’s no surprise the Great Pyrenees is a protective dog dedicated to his family. He is kind and gentle with his flock, human or otherwise, but cautious with strangers. It is important to socialize Great Pyrenees at a young age. He has a tendency to want to patrol his territory, as he would livestock, so a well-fenced yard or leash walks are essential. Overall he is a serious conscientious family member who will protect his family with his life. Appearance 25-32” (63-81 cm) over 88 lb (female) or 100 lb (male) (40 kg or 50 kg) Long, flat thick outercoat. Dense wooly outercoat. Neck ruff. White, white with grey, badger, reddish brown, tan markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History The oldest of the four Swiss Sennenhund varieties, the Greater Swiss Mountain dog is a descendant of the Mastiff dogs used by the ancient Romans during their conquests. Swiss farmers used the dogs as guardians, herders, and as draft and butcher’s dogs. Despite being a popular allpurpose working dog, their numbers declined dramatically and by the late 19th century only a few remained. In 1908, a man named Franz Schertenleib rediscovered the breed and implemented a breeding program based on the recommendation from Dr. Albert Heim. In 1910 the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog (aka “Swissy”) was accepted by the Swiss registry and the breed flourished once again.



History The Greyhound is one of the world’s oldest breeds. It dates back to nearly 3000 BC when its image appeared in ancient Egyptian carvings, although the first real description of the breed didn’t appear until 43 BC, when an ancient Roman named Ovid wrote about these sleek hunting dogs.

The Greyhound has changed very little since those early times. These fast, streamlined dogs were for royalty only, and originally used as sight hounds for hunting every type of game from hare to deer to foxes. It wasn’t until just over 200 years ago that Greyhound coursing became popular. Greyhounds were brought to North America by Spanish explorers in the 1500s and were among the first dogs Personality This mellow breed makes for to be recorded at American dog shows in an ideal family dog. Patient, friendly, and the late 19th century. Among the famous intelligent, the Swissy is a good companion personalities who own Greyhounds are and a good guard dog without having George Washington and General Custer. aggressive traits. His consistent temperament makes him good with children and other Personality Beautiful, lean and lively, dogs. While mellow, the Swissy remains the Greyhound is today mostly valued as a puppy-like into its second or third year. They companion animal. Not surprisingly, he’s enjoy lounging with their family, as well as the fastest of dog breeds and relies on sight engaging in group activities. Socialization and speed to make his way through the from a young age is also important, since world. A safe space to run off-leash is key to fulfilling these natural drives. His intensity they can be naturally protective. during exercise is nicely balanced by a calm, Appearance 23.5-28.5” (60-72 cm) catlike demeanor indoors. He has a sweet 110-154.5 lb (50-70 kg) nature and makes a loving pet. Medium-length, thick outercoat with short, Appearance 26-28 in (66-76 cm) thick undercoat. Symmetrical black, white, 60-75 lb (27-29.5 kg) and tan markings on face. Body is black with rust and white coloured markings. Soft, Black, fawn and red, often with white or floppy ears. brindle markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


History Born in the Pyrenees Mountains of France and Spain, the Great Pyrenees protected the sheep and cattle that supported native peoples. Brave, surefooted and utterly reliable, these white giants cared for their charges like no others. In 1675, the French Prince, later King Louis XIV, fell in love with a dog named Patou, who he brought home with him when he returned to France. Other nobles wanted a dog like Patou, and the breed soon became known as the “Royal Dog of France”.


Photo: Alice Van Kempen


The greatest pleasure of a dog is that you may make a fool of yourself with him, and not only will he not scold you, but he will – Samuel Butler, author make a fool of himself, too.


Griffon (Brussels)



History Around 1870, a Dutchman named Korthals decided to create a sporting dog that could compete with English gun dogs. Beginning with Griffon stock, which he carefully inbred to set the traits he desired, he then combined other sporting breeds such as the French Pointer, French Barbet, German ShortHaired Pointer and various spaniels and setters. The resulting dogs were strong, versatile and excellent birding dogs that could point, track and retrieve their prey. Though slower than many other breeds of gun dog, the Wire Haired Pointing Griffon had the advantage of being easy to work in small farm fields. It also had the ability to track injured birds that ran, ensuring the kill was not lost. The breed did well in Europe and gained a great following in France, which is credited as its country of origin. However, it did not gain popularity The First and Second World Wars in North America, where its slower speed were hard on the Brussels Griffon. didn’t suit the wide open regions frequented by hunters. This dog is equally Fortunately, the breed was preserved in suited to retrieving on land or in water. both Europe and in North America. Personality A lover of the outdoors, the Personality Distinguished by his Wire Haired Pointing Griffon is an active human-like face, the Brussels Griffon dog who thrives on long walks in any kind of weather. Indoors he is relaxed is a bright, confident and curious imp. and happy to spend time with his family. He bonds strongly with his person and His stable disposition makes him a good can be shy with strangers, so benefits playmate for children. Respectful and from early socialization. Intelligent, responsive, the Wire Haired Pointing affectionate and sensitive, the Brussels Griffon is easy to train. Griffon needs an owner who trains in a positive manner and is attentive to Appearance 19-24” (49-61 cm) 50-60 lb (23-27 kg) his needs. Medium-length, straight coarse outercoat. Fine, thick downy undercoat. Moustache. Appearance 7-8” (18-20 cm) Steel grey with liver patches, liver roan, liver, 7-13 lb (3-6 kg) liver and white, orange and white. Rough: wiry, hard dense coat. Beard and Quick Facts moustache. Smooth: short, straight glossy Exercise Requirements coat. Black, red, reddish-brown, or black Grooming with reddish-brown markings.


History In the past, stable masters often had problems with rats that thrived off spilled grain left by horses as they ate. To counter this problem, fierce ratters like the Affenpinscher were common in stables. These dogs came to be known as Griffon D’Ecurie, or Stable Griffons. Lively and friendly, they were often taken along for rides as the coachmen left the stables for their duties. Nobles saw these cute canine companions and soon took them into their own homes as pets. Over time, other breeds such as Pugs and Toy Spaniels were crossed with Stable Griffons, giving them a higher skull and smaller size. Three varieties of coat and type developed: the rough red became known as the Brussels Griffon.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming



QC PAGESKA’S Griffon Town Kennel. Producing Supreme Gun Dogs for serious hunters. Home of the All Time Number One Griffon in the History of Canada. Producing 100% Authentic Korthals Griffons. Bilingual services, professional hunting dog trainers with locations in Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Contact Paige Pettis at (506) 999-4746; griffontownkennel@hotmail. com and

CKC Grand Champion MistyTrails H’Dalgos Chido Wey. Top Havanese in Canada 2021. Bred/Owned by Emily & Bev Dorma, MistyTrails Reg’d, Box 343 Cobble Hill, BC V0R 1L0.

History A descendant of one of many “small white dogs” of Bichon type, the Havanese was developed on the island of Cuba. The hot climate and customs of the region produced a smaller breed with a unique silken coat, which people called the Blanquito de la Habana or the Havanese Silk Dog. The breed’s silken hairs insulated the dogs, protecting them from the heat and sun. The breed caught the eye of Europeans in the mid-1700s. Queen Victoria, a great fancier of unusual dogs, was said to have owned two Havanese. Charles Dickens also owned a Havanese named Tim. In Cuba, the breed went from being a favourite of the sugar barons to a popular family dog among the bourgeois. The Cuban revolution might have spelled the end of the breed, except for a handful of dogs that escaped with refugees to the United States. American breeders purchased the dogs to keep the breed from dying out. These 11 dogs became the founders of the Havanese breed as we now know it. Personality The cheerful, loving Havanese is an easy breed to fall in love with. He is outgoing and friendly, though alert and willing to warn his people of danger. He is a Velcro dog who needs to be with his people at all times. A natural showoff, the Havanese loves to play, learn new tricks, and be the center of attention. Training is easy so the Havanese makes a great therapy dog. Appearance 8.5-11.5” (21-29 cm) 7-14 lb (3-6.5 kg) Long, silken, flat, wavy or curly outercoat. Wooly underdeveloped undercoat. All colours. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming BC MistyTrails Havanese Reg’d, Bev & Emily Dorma. CKC Premium Registered Vet referred Breeders - Outstanding top quality kitchen raised puppies. World Champion + Pure Cuban bloodlines. Westminster Winner, Multi Best-inShow + Multi Top Havanese in the country for several years. Bred for health, temperament,

ON Bonnieview Reg’d, CKC Registered Havanese puppies with emphasis on health and socialization. Tons of information on my website @ Visitors are welcomed to enjoy a friendly and caring atmosphere and to experience the Havanese up close and personal. Please contact Lorraine to set up time for a visit. Lorraine Gravelle-Bain. 6710 Hwy 89 W. R.R.#4, Mount Forest, ON. Cell: 519-323-6071; dlbain@bonnieviewkennels. ca;

great speed and hunting ability, Ibizans brought to Europe became favourites among poachers, and the breed was eventually banned in France. By the 20th century, the Ibizan Hound was considered a native Spanish breed. The Marquesa de Belgida of Barcelona kept a large kennel of Ibizans on the island of Majorca and promoted the breed throughout the world, where the dogs continue to be successful hunters, coursers, show dogs and companions.

Personality Though he may look aloof and aristocratic, the Ibizan Hound, or Beezer, is an affectionate and sensible companion. He is an exceptional jumper, known for clearing up to 6’ in height, and an amazing runner, reaching up to 40 miles an hour. Because he is traditionally a hunter, it is essential to actively socialize him to other pets as he may see them as prey. The Ibizan is an active dog who is happiest if he has a secure area with 8’ high Matalsha Companions, Darlene Eckhardt. Exceptional quality home raised puppies. Health fences where he can safely run and exercise.

because of import and export restrictions, it has remained a very pure breed. Though decimated over the centuries because of famine, a distemper epidemic, and disfavour, the breed avoided extinction thanks in part to Mark Watson, an Englishman who lived in California. From 1930 to 1970, he exported several of these dogs and worked to rebuild the decimated breed. In 1969, the Icelandic Kennel Club was founded to watch over the breed and promote its place in Iceland’s history.

Iceland Sheepdog

structure, and longevity. All dogs are ANNUALLY health-tested, with results posted ONLINE + Vet files are open. Show, Pet-Companion, Agility, Therapy puppies occasionally available. Experience on your side. Bev, MistyTrails Havanese of Box 343, Cobble Hill, BC V0R 1L0.;; (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

Personality The Iceland Sheepdog is an alert and active dog. He’s also vocal, with a unique herding style that involves barking to alert the shepherd to his location. He is playful and friendly, and adores children. As a working breed, he requires lots of exercise to keep him happy, and enjoys learning new things. Appearance 16-18” (40-46 cm) 20-30 lb (9-13.5 kg)

Shorthaired: medium-length, straight or wavy, weatherproof outercoat with thick soft undercoat. Neck ruff. Longhaired: longerlength, straight or wavy, weatherproof Smooth: strong, hard shiny coat. Rough: outer-coat with thick soft undercoat. wiry, hard dense coat. May have beard and/ Neck ruff. Tan shades, chocolate, Weatherford Havanese Reg’d, Debra or moustache. White or red, either solid or brown, grey, black. White markings. Tan and grey dogs have black mask. Weatherford. Healthy, Versatile Dogs for in combination.

and temperament are our priorities. Our adorable affectionate companions are lovingly raised, CKC registered and have a health guarantee. Holstein, ON N0G 2A0. (519) 334-3923; matalsha@hotmail. com;

Appearance 22-29” (56-74 cm) 40-55 lb (18-25 kg)

Show, Work or Play. Our top ranking dogs are CKC Champions or Grand Champions who work in agility, obedience and therapy work. Puppies are family raised, vet examined, vaccinated, micro-chipped and have a 2 year health guarantee. Parents have OFA health clearances. Members of CKC, National Breed Club and obedience and agility associations.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Smooth Rough


Exercise Requirements Grooming Shorthaired Longhaired BC Pineridge Reg’d, Jill Fike. Jill Fike Home raised puppies for twenty-one years. Affectionate, intelligent, friendly temperament, loyal companions, hardy and healthy and ideal family pets. Easily trainable for show, agility, obedience, work or therapy. Excellent care home visitors. Health guarantee. Chase, B.C. (250) 679-3540;; (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at the left.)

Pineridgice Drifa. Affectionate, athletic, intelligent, friendly temperament, loyal companion, hardy, healthy and an ideal family pet. Trainable as a working, show, and/or therapy dog. Bred/owned by Jill Fike, Pineridge Icelandics, Reg’d. 1049 Hepburn Road, Chase, B.C. V0E 1M1 (250) 679-3540

History Brought to Iceland with the Vikings in 880 CE, the Iceland Sheepdog is a hardy breed greatly influenced by the harsh environment it developed in. Prized for its ability to herd and guard sheep in the hostile terrain of Iceland, the breed is known for its ability to scent lost sheep, even when buried in over a foot of snow. The Iceland Sheepdog gained some popularity in England during the Middle Ages, but

IRISH SETTER - See Setter (Irish)





History Brought to Ibiza (a Balearic Island off the coast of Spain) by Phoenician traders, the Ibizan Hound has a remarkable resemblance to the Egyptian god, Anubis, and the Egyptian Pharaoh Hound. A hunter of rabbits and other small game, the Ibizan helped supplement the food supplies of islanders for over 5,000 years. Thanks to their

Quick Facts


Photo: Windeire Reg’d


Photo: Windeire Reg’d

Irish Terrier


History Ireland’s history would not be complete without the giant sighthounds now known as the country’s national dog. Likely descended from the giant roughcoated Greyhounds of pre-Christian times, known as the Cu, the Irish Wolfhound could only be owned by nobility. Originally used as dogs of war, guardians, and hunters of boar, stags and elk, Wolfhounds became specialists in hunting wolves in the 15th and 16th centuries. At that time, wolves were such a problem that it was illegal to export Irish Wolfhounds from the United Kingdom. By the late 1700s, the wolf was extinct and Irish Wolfhounds no longer needed. During the Great Irish Famine of 1845, there was no food to spare for dogs, and the Irish Wolfhound nearly disappeared. In 1859, Personality Nicknamed the “daredevil” of Captain George Augustus Graham made the the canine world, the plucky Irish Terrier is breed’s restoration his life’s work. a courageous and charming dog with a heart of gold. He is attached to his family, loyal Personality Truly a gentle giant, the Irish and affectionate, devoted and full of pizzazz. Wolfhound is an even-tempered, intelligent He is always “up” and can be a bit distracted and affectionate dog. He loves his family, at times. He needs lots of opportunities to and despite his large size is completely get out and play, and consistent training. trustworthy with children, and friendly with other animals. Slow to mature, the Appearance 18-19” (45-48 cm) Wolfhound remains a puppy until two years 25-27 lb (11.5-12 kg) of age, growing rapidly throughout this Wiry, stiff dense outercoat. Softer undercoat. period. Being a sighthound, a Wolfhound May have slight beard. Bright red, golden may give chase if he sees something red or red wheaten. interesting, and should always be kept in Quick Facts a fenced yard. While enjoying a good run, Exercise Requirements these dogs are happy to lounge around the Grooming house when they’re done.


History One of the oldest breeds of terrier, the Irish Terrier originated in County Cork, Ireland. Kept by peasants to keep rats at bay, the Irish Terrier doubled as a soft-mouthed retriever who helped bring food to the dinner table. For practical reasons, the Irish Terrier came in a wide variety of types and sizes, so when it was first introduced to the dog show world in 1875, it was clear a breed standard needed to be defined. This was accomplished by 1900, after much discussion and effort, and the large red Irish Terrier became the accepted norm. The breed spread to North America in the late 19th century and remains a useful and versatile breed with a distinct look and temperament.

ON Windeire Reg’d, Ian MacDonald. Canadian, American champion bloodlines. Sound home raised puppies occasionally. Bred for health, temperament and show. Excellent companion dog for family with a fenced yard. Sold with contract. Experienced breeder since 1991. Visitors welcome by appointment only. RR1 Ilderton ON N0M2A0, (519) 666-0195, www.,

IRISH WATER SPANIEL - See Spaniel (Irish Water)



Appearance Females min. 28” (71 cm); min. 90 lb (41 kg) Males min. 32” (79 cm); min.120 lb (55 kg) Rough hard outercoat. Longer and more wiry around beard and eyes. Grey, brindle, red, black, white, wheaten, fawn, or any other colour acceptable in Deerhounds. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

“Riverport’s Ravenna”. Representing lovely breed type and correct size. Bred and owned by Riverport Kennels Reg’d., Ottawa, ON

History The Italian Greyhound’s origins do not begin in or even near Italy. The breed actually started out in Egypt, where a toysized hound was produced by breeding small Greyhounds to one another. Early Romans fell in love with the breed and brought the dogs back to Rome, where they quickly became attached to high-ranking officials. The Italian Greyhound earned its name as a companion dog in the 16th century, and it spread throughout Europe as the lapdog of royals such as Mary, Queen of Scots, Anne of Denmark, and Queen Victoria. In Victorian times, breeders attempted to further reduce the size of the already tiny dog, but this led to a weakening of the gene pool and unhealthy dogs. The First and Second World Wars further reduced the breed’s numbers. Fortunately, a strong population of Italian Greyhounds remained in North America, where the true breed type, size and bloodlines were maintained. Personality Curious and gentle, the Italian Greyhound is affectionate and bonds strongly to his family. Because of his small size and tiny structure, the Italian Greyhound is a delicate companion who does not suit homes with boisterous children and aggressive dogs. He actually loves to socialize with his own kind. Appearance 12.5-15” (32-38 cm) 8-10 lb (3.5-4.5 kg) Short, fine glossy coat. All shades of black, grey, fawn, cream, blue, red, chocolate, bronze, blue-fawn, red-fawn and white. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON LADYDAY Reg’d, Breeding for quality, not quantity, we occasionally have health guaranteed purebred Italian Greyhound puppies from Champion bloodlines that are registered with the Canadian Kennel Club on a MANDATORY SPAY/NEUTER CONTRACT. Visits to come to our home to see our puppies and meet our dogs are always welcome, by appointment. (705) 985-3647;;


History Once a popular addition to Chinese and Japanese royal courts, the Japanese Chin is known for its enduring role as a lapdog, dating back as far as the 6th century. There is much debate regarding the origin of its name, which stems from either its native land or its primary behavioural traits – “Chin” has been said to mean “from China”, “cat-like”, or “separate being”, as the breed was thought to be of higher value than a typical dog.

History Named for his ability to hunt and provide protection from bears, the Karelian Bear Dog is bold enough to go after large game such as elk, moose and wolves, and tough enough to withstand the harsh northern climates from whence he came.

Appearance 8-12” (20-30 cm) 7-9 lb (1.8-4.1 kg)

tends to do best with a fair, confident master who will respect his independence.

Karelian Bear Dog


SK Decho Reg’d, Don Schaffer. Selectively breeding for quality, type, soundness and temperament. Champion line bred bloodlines. Lovingly home-raised show and companion puppies occasionally. Temperament and health guarantee. 2702 Reynolds St, Regina, SK S4N 3P4. (306) 537-1017;

Photo: Alice Van Kempen


History Terriers were a popular fox hunting breed in England during the 1800s. The Parson John “Jack” Russell developed a particular strain of terrier that he determined was the ideal type of fox hunting dog. This dog was predominately white and possessed qualities of intelligence, stable temperament, and quick, determined instincts. Parson Jack bred a dog that could chase a fox and rush it from its den without being too aggressive and ruining the hunt. For many years, several Terriers were grouped together as Jack Russell Terriers, but in 1904 a group of Terrier fancies set the breed standard for recognizing the Jack Russell as a unique and distinct breed. Personality Feisty, fearless, and enthusiastic, the Jack Russell is up for any challenge. Positive training and maintaining evenpaced activities is important for this highenergy dog. He makes a great companion for someone with an active lifestyle. The Jack Russell loves to explore, play, and chase. Luckily, their small size means they are easy to bring along on outings and trips. Appearance 10-12” (25-30 cm) 11-13 lb (5-6 kg) Predominately white with black and/or tan markings; also all white. Three types of coat: smooth, rough, broken. Dense, doublecoats. Almond-shaped eyes.

Thought to be descended from northern Spitz breeds, the Karelian Bear Dog thrived for generations in Karelia, a region presently encompassed by Finland and Russia, where Upon its arrival in America in the late isolation kept its genes pure. The arrival of 1800s, the unusual exotic breed was first World War II almost destroyed the breed, recognized as a Japanese Spaniel due to but fortunately, a group of Finn and Russian its similarity to the American breed. In supporters took steps to bring it back. 1977, the name was officially changed to The Finnish Kennel Club recognized the honour the breed’s heritage, and it has Karelian Bear Dog in 1946, and today it’s since been acknowledged as one of the one of their most popular breeds. Though best companion dogs in North America. this hardy dog is still primarily used for hunting, he also excels in obedience, search Personality Known for its energetic yet well- and rescue and sled dog trials. mannered behaviour, the Japanese Chin is Personality Courageous and athletic, an agile breed with cat-like tendencies. They the Karelian Bear Dog’s connection with enjoy jumping and climbing, but adapt well his “person” is affectionate and unfailing, to any indoor environment, including small and for this reason he is beloved by many apartments, and require little exercise. An hunters. Typically the dog’s affection does intelligent breed, the Chin is very loyal, not extend to other pets due to his energetic, gentle and kind, and thrives around people, competitive spirit. However, the Karelian children included, as long as they’re not Bear Dog is easy to train and even easier rough. Chins can grow quite attached so to read thanks to an intelligent nature, avoid separation anxiety by using positive acute instincts and superb communication training methods and ensuring they receive skills. He needs exercise and space that adequate love and attention. an urban environment cannot offer, and

Large, wide head; round, wide-set eyes; and a rather flat face. Small v-shaped ears, and a Appearance 19-23.5” (48-60 cm) 37.5-61.5 lb (17-28 kg) plumed tail that curls over the back. Thick but feathery coat that rarely mats, ranging Distinct white markings on thick, black from black and white to sable and white, or a outer coat. Soft insulating undercoat. tri-coloured coat of the same colours. Quick Facts Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Exercise Requirements Grooming Grooming

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming



Riverport Reg’d, Demetrius & Corinna Yannoulopoulos. Breeding and showing since 1980. Home to several of Canada’s top winning show Italian Greyhounds. Puppies available occasionally to approved homes by reservation only. For more information and details on upcoming litters visit our website at www. (613) 838-3674; demcor@ (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement on page 110.)





History The Keeshond is an ancient, Spitztype breed originating in the Netherlands. The Kees or Spitz “honds”, as they were known, were common watchdogs that cared for the wagons, carts and barges used to transport goods. In 1781, Holland was divided into two political factions: the Orangists and the rebellious Dutch Patriots, who adopted the Keeshond as their emblem. When the rebels were defeated, people were afraid to be seen with this trademark symbol of the rebellion, and many Keeshonds were discarded.

History When Spanish ships went down off the Irish coast in 1588, the dark spaniel survivors likely made it to shore and bred with local terriers. These are the probable forebears of the Kerry Blue Terrier, although there may be other bloodlines, including the “Russian blue dog”, who surfaced after a shipwreck off Tralee Bay in the late 1770s. Some even suggest the Kerry Blue originated when locals crossed terriers with Irish Wolfhounds to produce a large strong hunter. Whatever his bloodlines, the hardy Kerry Blue Terrier became the perfect Farmers and barge owners quietly working dog of County Kerry people and was retained these useful dogs, however, and indispensible as a ratter, herder, hunter, continued to breed them. When Baroness fighter and guarder. van Hardenbroek took interest in the The Kerry Blue Terrier’s popularity grew in Keeshond in 1920, she was amazed to find the mid-1920s when he became the mascot the farmers and bargemen had kept the of the Irish Patriots in their struggle for breed type intact. Soon the Keeshond was independence from Britain. He was initially recognized throughout Holland, and by a shaggy beast with an unkempt coat, but the the 1930s it made its way into Europe and dog show world popularized the sculpted, North America. elegantly cut coat. Personality Sometimes called the “laughing Dutchman”, the Keeshond is an outgoing family-friendly dog. He thrives on affection and loves to be a part of family life. A vocal watchdog, he is playful and learns quickly as long as there is sufficient motivation to learn. Cuddly and full of cheer, the Keeshond is excellent with children, and dedicated to his family. Appearance 17-18” (43-46 cm) 55-66 lb (25-30 kg)


Long, straight harsh outercoat. Thick downy undercoat. Neck ruff. Mixture of black, grey and cream. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Personality A compact and sturdy dog, the Kerry Blue Terrier is a rough-and-tumble playful fellow who loves to interact with his people. His intelligent and confident nature benefits from socialization and training. He is great with children and an effective guardian, watching over his charges and alerting the family to potential dangers.


Confusion exists between the King Charles Spaniel and the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, and some distinction here may be helpful. Apart from having the same coat colours, the King Charles Spaniel/English Toy Spaniel is a smaller dog, with a domed head, an undershot jaw, and fused pads.

Personality Joyful, enthusiastic and sociable, the King Charles Spaniel adores his people. He is quiet and naturally wellbehaved, apart from some willfulness when it comes to house-training. As much as he Appearance 18-19” (46-48 cm) loves being around people, he may be shy Wavy, soft dense coat. Any shade of blue-grey with strangers. Extending respect and or grey-blue. May have small white markings. kindness will draw him out. May have black points. Appearance 10” (25.5 cm) Quick Facts 8-14 lb (3.5-6.5 kg) Exercise Requirements Grooming

Everything I know I learned from dogs. – Nora Roberts, author 112

History The King Charles Spaniel has the benefit of a steady, sociable spaniel-type temperament in a compact size. Small dogs of the King Charles type were recorded in the court life of 15th century Europe. Back then, toy breeds were essentially hunting/ setting dogs in miniature. It wasn’t until the 1800s that a more distinct look became desirable in a dog, and a small canine with a more rounded head, prominent eyes and shortened muzzle became the fashion. These charming little “comforters” would curl up in a lap, or warm one’s hands and feet. England’s King Charles II became so enamoured with his spaniels that he was accused of ignoring matters of state. The breed took on the king’s name, except in North America, where it is called the English Toy Spaniel.

Fine, silky, feathered coat. Colour names reflect the breed’s regal history: black and tan (King Charles), tri-colour (Prince Charles), red and white (Blenheim), solid red (ruby). Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming



History This ancient breed of dog is a descendant of the Ovtcharkas, which made the trip with the Magyars over a thousand years ago. Commonly known as the Kom, this dog was an expert at guarding flocks, as his corded coat could withstand the harsh elements as well as bites from predators. The Kom was bred to think for itself, and little training was required to teach him how to determine what and who was a threat to the flock. As a working dog, the Kom is often matted and shaggy, and looks much like the sheep he guards. After Koms came to the U.S. in the 1930s, people took an interest in grooming and showing the breed. The groomed coat takes the form of long, white cords that give the Kom a look that is very distinct from most other dogs.

History For thousands of years, nomadic Magyar tribes brought guard dogs with them as they moved into the land now known as Hungary. Likely descended from the ancient Tibetan Mastiff, the Kuvasz is believed to have guarded herds of horses. In addition to guarding, these brave and loyal dogs ran alongside warriors as they went into battle, and took down dangerous prey such as wild boar. Settlers in Hungary favoured the Kuvasz for guarding sheep in the wetter mountainous regions. In North America, the breed gained popularity in the 1920s as a patrol dog and guardian of livestock out west.

Lagotto Romagnolo


Photo: Alice Van Kempen


Personality Tough, serious and loyal, the Komondor is an excellent guard dog, and looking after his family makes him feel important. He is affectionate with family members, including children, and responds very well to positive training and praise. As an unusually intelligent dog, the Komondor can quickly determine whether someone’s intentions are good or bad, so positivity within his household is a must. Strong, large, and muscular, the Komondor makes a great companion for long walks and hikes, and enjoys many athletic activities.

History The Lagotto Romagnolo’s documented history dates back to 16th century Italy, where these water dogs were used for hunting waterfowl in the marshes and wetlands of the Romagna region, which is present day EmiliaRomagna in Italy. Their excellent sense of smell also earned the Lagottos the task of sniffing out truffles, a culinary delicacy in Italian cuisine. The Lagotto Romagnolo existed amongst mixed breeds for centuries, until a group of breeders and fanciers got together in the 1980s to establish the dogs as an official breed. The Italians still depend on the Lagotto to hunt truffles, but here in North America, he’s known as a good family companion.

Kuvasz numbers in Europe were decimated during World War II. After the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, fresh interest arose in the national breed, and dedicated Personality The Lagotto is known breeders worked to bring it back from for his gentle manner, affectionate near extinction. personality and will to please. He lives Personality Intensely loyal and dedicated life as if everyone is his best friend, and to his family, the Kuvasz remains a makes a good companion for children guardian breed. He is wary of strangers, and other animals. Training is a pleasure and will protect his family should he feel since he loves to please and listens well. it’s threatened. Careful socialization is His intelligence and keen nose make Appearance 23.5-31.5” (59.5-80 cm) essential. Like most working dogs, he is him a good retriever, too. The Lagotto 80-134.5 lb (36.5-61 kg) is happiest in the great outdoors, where happiest when he has a job. Long, coarse and curly outer coat that is he can explore, dig, and play with groomed into cords, with a wooly, soft, and Appearance 26-30” (66-76 cm) the family and other dogs. He is also dense undercoat. Colour is white. 66-137 lb (30-62 kg) fond of swimming and excels at comQuick Facts Medium-coarse, wavy or straight petitive sports. His high energy and Exercise Requirements outercoat. Fine wooly outercoat. Neck stamina is balanced by a mellow and easyGrooming going nature. ruff. White or ivory.

Very minimal Minimal Average More than average Maximum

Appearance 1 6-19” (41-48 cm) 24-35.5 lb (11-16 kg)

Double coat is waterproof. Outercoat is dense, curly, and woolly. Variety of colours, Chenil des Grands Blancs Perm. Reg’d, including white and brown, white and Marie-Paule Pellerin. Puppies available this fall! orange, off-white, brown. Sometimes has a They can be shipped in Canada and the USA. brown mask. QC

Breeding only with registered and tested dogs. (819) 691-6111;;


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

-See Retriever (Labrador)




Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming



History Following his dream to produce a large leonine dog to help promote his business and hometown of Leonberg, Heinrich Essig decided to cross a Landseer Newfoundland with a Saint Bernard. The resulting dog was then crossed back to a Great Pyrenees, and likely had a bit of German or Austrian scent hound and Greater Swiss Mountain Dog mixed in. The result: a giant that could be used as an all-purpose farm and family dog, with a natural love of water. Essig brought the Leonberger into many royal homes in England and Europe.

History Descended from ancient Tibetan Spaniels and Terriers, the Lhasa Apso was a favorite of both monk and nobility. Kept indoors, the Lhasa would bark to alert people of potential intruders, while the Tibetan Mastiffs tied outdoors were responsible for active guard duty.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Lakeland Terrier


History The Lakeland Terrier gets his name from the lake districts of northern England, where the breed originated. These dark-coloured terriers were categorized as a member of the Fell Terriers, and the English used them to hunt foxes. Unlike the Fox Terriers, these dogs would go to ground and face down the foxes, which required high stamina and perseverance. The Lakeland Terrier was also a popular farm dog, since he would keep the farm free of vermin and yet remain loyal to the flocks and other farm animals. Today, this breed is used less as a hunting dog and more as family or show dog.


Like many giant dogs, the Leonberger suffered during the First and Second World Wars, when food shortages forced breeders and owners to abandon them. Personality Loyal, protective, and After the war, it took over 25 years of intelligent, the Lakeland Terrier is dedicated work to bring the breed back to a devoted family companion and a a stable population. good watchdog. With his playful and Personality Huge and cuddly, the inquisitive nature, he is both amusing Leonberger is the supreme canine teddy and fun to train. The Lakeland Terrier bear. He is even-tempered and adores thrives with positive, encouraging, and children, though his giant size can be diverse training methods, so that he does intimidating. As a puppy he is playful and not become bored. While his hunting energetic, but he calms down as he matures. instincts can occasionally make him a little Because of his size, it is important to train territorial with food and toys, this is easily and socialize him at a young age. The directed with puppy training. Friendly and Leonberger is a family-oriented dog who affectionate with children, the Lakeland wants to be with his people at all times. loves to socialize. He will happily get his Appearance 25-32” (65-80 cm) 80-150 lb (36-68 kg) exercise from long strolls and trips to the park with his family. Long, slightly coarse, close-fitting waterresistant outercoat. Thick soft undercoat. Appearance 13.5-14.5” (34.5-37 cm) Feathering. Mane. Lion yellow, golden 15-17.5 lb (7-8 kg) to red-brown, sand and all combinations Hard, wiry outercoat that stands up to the between. Black mask. elements. Soft, short undercoat. Variety of Quick Facts colours, including blue, black, wheaten, red, Exercise Requirements black and tan, blue and tan, and grizzle. Fur Grooming slightly longer around muzzle. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming



ON Disguise Perm. Reg’d, Pre-spoiled and preloved beautiful leonbergers, raised in our home as part of our family. Breeding only from quality, championed, health tested parents with an emphasis on temperament, health, conformation and European bloodlines. Reservations recommended. Actively participating in the conformation, draft and obedience rings. Wellandport, ON, L0R 2J0. Tanya McCarthy (905) 920-3987; www.disguisedachshundleonberger. com;

The lion represents the power of Buddha, and the Lhasa Apso’s leonine appearance caused people to believe they were harbingers of good luck. Visiting dignitaries were often gifted with male Lhasa Apsos; females were kept in Tibet to prevent the breed from spreading to other areas. Some of these gifted Lhasa were taken to Chinese courts where they were integrated into the bloodlines of Chinese dogs such as the Pekingese and Shih Tzu. In the 1920s, the Dalai Lama gave several Lhasa Apsos to European friends, and from there it made its way to North America, where it has remained popular ever since. Personality Distinguished and self-possessed, the Lhasa Apso is certain he is special and deserving of respect. He has an uncanny sense of friend and foe, and will vocally announce his concern if someone bothers him. Friendly with his family, the Lhasa can become territorial if not socialized. Appearance 10-11.5” (25-29 cm) 13-18 lb (6-8 kg) Long, straight, heavy hard outercoat. Undercoat. All colours or combinations acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

legend Very minimal Minimal Average More than average Maximum


History The Maltese is believed to be the oldest European Toy breed. Whether the name comes from the Island of Malta, or the Sicilian town of Melita, the breed was widespread in the Mediterranean from ancient times, appearing on art objects as early as 3,000 years ago. The breed may have arrived in Britain with the Roman invaders, or with the returning Crusaders. Many famous Royals owned Maltese, History The ultimate ratter, the including Queen Elizabeth I and Mary Manchester Terrier is descended from the By the 20th century, the Löwchen had Queen of Scots. common Black and Tan Terriers of fallen out of favour and the breed nearly When Maltese were introduced to the dog England. He was bred entirely for the disappeared. In 1945, Madame M. Bennert show world in the mid-1800s, a debate blood sport of ratting, in which a terrier of Brussels began to revive the breed. This arose over the correct classification of would be pitted against 100 rats and timed work continued after her death thanks to the breed. Was he a terrier, due to his to see how quickly he could dispatch them. Dr. Richert of Germany. But the Löwchen’s lively personality, or did his body type Breeders worked to improve the dog’s growth was still so slow that in 1959 it was and coat make him a spaniel? Eventually, performance, first by adding the Bulldog listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as breeders concluded the Maltese was in a for its tenacity and ability to work through the rarest breed in the world, with only 40 class of his own. pain, then adding the Whippet, for its recorded dogs alive. Today, the Löwchen is Personality Spirited, mischievous and speed and agility. The resulting breed was recognized worldwide. undeniably adorable, the Maltese has a lean, fast, tenacious and an incredible Personality Though small, the Löwchen personality as big as he is small. He loves to ratter. Two major events greatly affected is a commanding presence in the home. play and thrives on attention. Happy to play the breed in the late 1800s: blood sports He is playful and responsive, an intelligent with children, as long as they are not too and ear cropping, which protected the dog who is happy to please his owner. He rough, the Maltese delights in learning new dogs from rat bites, were banned. responds well to positive training and enjoys dog sports like agility. Good with children and other pets, the Löwchen easily fits in well with most families. Appearance 10-13” (25-33 cm) 8-15 lb (3-6 kg)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

History The Löwchen is an ancient breed, most likely a member of the Bichon family, and possibly descended from Tibetan toy breeds. In the 1500s, the Löwchen was well established in France, Germany and Spain, where it was a court favourite, used by ladies as “hot water bottles” to keep them warm on cold nights. Numerous art pieces depicting tiny dogs clipped in the characteristic “lion” trim document the breed’s favour through to the 18th century.

tricks and finding ways to entertain and be entertained. Despite his diminutive size, the Maltese is an alert and fearless watchdog. Appearance 7.5-10” (19-25 cm) 6-9 lb (2.5-4 kg)

Fortunately, the dog show world worked to maintain its unique type and namesake colour. Toy and standard sizes are available.

Personality Fast, fun, playful and loyal, Long, flat silky coat. Pure white. Light tan or the Manchester Terrier makes for a spirited companion. Still a ratter at Long, moderately soft wavy coat. All colours lemon markings permissible. heart, he loves to “kill” small toys, playing and combinations acceptable. Quick Facts vigorously and enjoying games of chase. Exercise Requirements Quick Facts He is intelligent, and benefits from Exercise Requirements Grooming consistent training. Grooming ON Appearance Standard: 15-16” (38-41 cm) JBLittle Maltese Reg’d, Barbara Mason. We 12-22 lb (5.5-10 kg are top Canadian show breeders who work T oy: 1 0-12” (25-30 cm) FIND OUT THE as a family team to show, groom and breed under 12 lb (5.5 kg)


purebred Maltese. Proud to be accredited breeders of the Canadian Kennel Club. Our Maltese have received multiple Top Show Dog Awards for their outstanding achievement. We have also been honoured with Best in Show, Best in Specialty Show, multiple Best Puppy winning Maltese, multiple Toy Group winning Maltese, multiple Major Winners & multiple Best of Breed winners. We have found success

Manchester Terrier (Standard & Toy)

both inside and outside of the show ring. Our Maltese are located worldwide and we offer the highest quality of companions. Dedicated to the Maltese breed, we are registered with the Canadian Kennel Club. We are located 40 minutes west of Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada. (807) 633-8289;;

Short, smooth glossy coat. Distinct black and tan without dilution. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming



Photo: JBLittle Maltese Reg’d


Photo: Alice Van Kempen



History The father of many modern dog breeds, the Mastiff originated in ancient Babylonia, where he hunted ferocious prey such as lions. The breed likely came to Europe with Phoenician traders in the 6th century BC. By the time the Roman Empire spread to Britain, the Mastiff was well established as a fierce fighting dog who could hunt wolves, bear and anything else he was set upon. The Mastiff lost his popularity in modern times when dog fighting was forbidden and wolves were vanquished in the U.K. During WWII, any remaining Mastiffs were either used in the war effort or put down, as it was deemed unpatriotic to feed their giant appetites when people were starving in the streets. By 1945, only eight breeding animals remained in Britain, where the breed maintained its purest form. Fortunately, a number of Mastiffs had been exported to North America, and breeders imported fresh breeding stock to rejuvenate the breed.




History Records from 18th century Hungary describe a sheepdog with characteristics typical of a Mudi. Its similarity to other herding breeds such as the Puli, however, makes it difficult to pinpoint the Mudi’s exact origin. Dr. Dezsõ Fényes began breeding the Mudi in the mid-1930s, at which point it had already been recognized as a naturally occurring breed – probably a mix of Hungarian herding dogs and various prick eared German herding dogs. The Mudi’s courage was ideal for herding large and difficult livestock, a role he’s still known for today.

Personality Despite his history as a fighting dog, the Mastiff is docile and levelheaded. He is an exceptional watchdog and protector, and his intimidating size is often enough to scare intruders away. He is gentle with children, but can become overprotective of them. Mastiffs get along well with other dogs and family pets as long as they are socialized at an early age.

Personality Holding true to his roots, the Mudi is very observant and alert. Boasting an adaptable character, he’s happy being both indoors and outdoors. The Mudi has shorter hair than traditional sheepdogs, making him an easy keeper in indoor environments. He’s keen to work – especially where mental stimulation is involved – and also excels at agility. Though he is thoughtful, he’s rarely Appearance At least 27-30” (70-76 cm) timid, and makes a very sociable companion 175-200 lb (79-91 kg) for adults and children, as well as other dogs. Moderately short, straight coarse outercoat. Consistent training and regular exercise is Short, dense close-lying undercoat. Fawn, important to his development. apricot, brindle. Appearance 1 5–19” (38-47 cm)


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON

Knighterrant Reg’d, Dave & Joanne Swift. Breeding and showing English Mastiffs of distinction since 1988. Huggable guardians from champion bloodlines. Puppies to approved homes. Sound temperament, health guaranteed. Stud service to approved bitches. Members of the CKC, MCOA, OKC and CMC. Inquiries welcome. (613) 821-6279; kmastiff@knighterrantmastiffs. com;



family first. We provide an enriched environment for mental and physical growth. We health test our Mudis and do selective breeding to ensure balanced temperament and sound structure. They are registered with the Canadian Kennel Club. Our dogs compete in agility, flyball, obedience, rally O, nose work, herding, dock dogs, freestyle, tricks, lure coursing, barn hunt and conformation/shows. Mudi pronounced “Moody” Bred for Sport – Show – Companion – Therapy. (403) 870-1115; iszkirikennels@gmail. com;

Herdabout Perm. Reg’d, Jeff & Kellie Whiteside. Home of Canada’s Top conformation Champion Mudis. Breeding structurally sound, genetically health tested dogs with excellent temperaments. We stand behind our dogs with an extensive health guarantee and lifetime breeder support. Our puppies are home raised with an extensive socialization and handling program to ensure a confident, mentally stable and friendly puppy. Mudis are available to select homes for show, performance sports, or a loving companion. Email us for more information at sheltieland@; (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)


Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Photo: Alice Van Kempen




History One of the very few dogs indigenous to North America, the Newfoundland’s exact genealogy is the subject of much debate. Some believe the ancient Tibetan Mastiff migrated to North America; others argue that Leif Anderson brought Viking “bear dogs” with him when he arrived in Newfoundland in 1001. Other possible progenitors of the breed are Portuguese Water Dogs and Great Pyrenees brought to Newfoundland on European fishing vessels in the 1600s. Whatever the answer, fishermen prized the huge waterloving dogs known as Greater St. John’s Dogs. Seemingly immune to icy waters, the Newfoundland’s duties included hauling in nets, dragging boat lines to shore, and rescuing overboard sailors.

Iszkiri Reg’d, Lori Pichurski. Competing Showing - Breeding the Mudi in Canada since 1996. The versatile Mudi is a great companion, therapy or sport dog. Our Mudis are part of the

The Newfoundland is famed for his bravery, but despite the breed’s success, it nearly died out because a law passed in 1780 forbade the ownership of more than

17–29 lb (8-13 kg)

Thick, medium-length coat that ranges from very wavy to curly. Grey, black, brown, white, yellow or black merle. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Personality A giant goofball, the Newfoundland is perhaps the most gentle of all giant breeds. He adores children, is eventempered, supremely loyal, responsive and willing to be trained. His entire purpose is to serve his people, and he’s a truly honest and hardworking dog that excels in sports such as obedience, water trials, weight pulling, carting and backpacking.


Appearance Averages 26-28” (66-71 cm) 100-152 lb (45-69 kg)

History Like many terriers, the Norfolk Terrier likely started out as a cross between various breeds such as small Irish Terriers, Cairn Terriers and Border Terriers. They were “ordinary” farm dogs bred to go to ground and take care of vermin, so it took Quick Facts time for the breed to acquire its current Exercise Requirements name. Some incarnations include Grooming Cantabs, Thrumpington Terriers, and Jones Terriers (after Frank “Roughrider” AB Jones sold some to the U.S. sporting Prairie Home Newfoundlands Perm. Reg’d, Heidi crowd). In 1904, when asked what the Ball. Family-raised Newfoundlands. We breed for dogs were really called, Jones answered gentleness and health from quality champion lines. “Norwich Terriers”, since that was where CKC-registered and well-socialized blacks. Parents they came from. Moderately long, coarse, oily water-resistant outer coat. Soft dense undercoat. Black or white with black markings (also called Landseer after Sir Edwin Henry Landseer, who featured the dogs in his paintings).

are OFA certified (hips/elbows/heart/cystinuria/ patellas and thyroid). Puppies to pre-approved homes only, with ongoing support. This includes vet checked/vaccinations, wormed, microchipped and a well-prepared puppy package. Stud services available. Grooming facility available. Visitors always welcomed! Box 3067, Vermilion, AB T9X 2B1. (306) 946-6630;; www.

ON Ashmoor Perm. Reg’d, Jill Francis. Quality Newfoundlands from Canadian/ American champion bloodlines. Our focus is raising healthy dogs, with sweet gentle temperaments in our home, and always with a holistic approach! Parents have passed all health clearances and are OFA certified for hips, elbows, patellas, heart, eyes, cystinuria and thyroid. All puppies are screened by a certified cardiologist before going to their homes. Visitors welcome by appointment. Member of the CKC, NDCC and NDCA. RR4, Cobourg, ON, K9A 4J7. (905) 3771140;; find us on facebook at Ashmoor Newfoundlands QC Élevage Noir & Blanc, Rollande Rainville. Chiots élevés en milieu familial. Parents certifiés OFA : hanches, coudes, coeur, cystinuerie, thyroïde, yeux, patellar. Garantie écrite santé et tempérament. Visiteurs bienvenue. Puppies raised in a family environment. Parents are OFA certified : hips, elbow, heart, cystinuria, eyes, patellar. Health and temperament come with a written warranty. Visitors are welcome. SteEulalie, Qc. (819) 470-8391; elevagenoiretblanc@;



History Norrbottenspets share ancestry with the Finnish Spitz, originating in the Scandinavian northlands of Sweden, Finland and Lapland. The dogs found in Finland developed into the Finnish Spitz, but those in Sweden were called Norrbottensskollandehund. An excellent hunter, the breed had the unique ability to listen for a bird’s flight, and locate that bird when it landed in the snow. Used as allround hunting and farm dogs, their breeding was purely functional and little effort was made to maintain these dogs as a pure breed.

As foreign specialist breeds grew in popularity, the Norrbottensskollandehund became less common. Out-crossing diluted the breed until it was declared extinct in 1948. However, interested breeders in Sweden and Finland made an effort to seek good specimens by combing remote northern villages. Eventually, a breeding population was cobbled together and the Norrbottenspets was reinstated around Personality Feisty and energetic, the 1970. Their popularity is growing as Norfolk is one of the smallest terriers. Sweden and Finland work to support their Because he was used to hunt in packs, he’s native breed. quite social and agreeable. He is a great traveler and loves to spend lots of time Personality Never shy, nervous or with his family. Socialization is important aggressive, the Norrbottenspets is a but this should be natural for such a friendly and fun-loving companion who is great with children. A hunter sociable guy. at heart, he is happiest when he has Appearance 9-10” (23-26 cm) the opportunity to use his hunting skills, 11-12 lb (5-5.5 kg) though he can be taught to enjoy alternate Straight, wiry close-lying outercoat. sports such as agility. The Norrbottenspets Definite undercoat. Mane. Slight whiskers. needs lots of exercise, particularly in a All shades of red, wheaten, black and tan, safely fenced area where he can run and grizzle. Folded ears. hunt to his heart’s content. At the time, there were two intermingled varieties of Norwich Terrier – prick-eared and fold-eared. Over time, breeders decided to separate the types. They kept the name Norwich Terrier for the prick-eared variety, and renamed the fold-eared dogs Norfolk Terriers. The new names were recognized in 1964.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Appearance 16-18” (42-46 cm) 26-33 lb (12-15 kg)

Short, hard close-fitting outercoat. Dense undercoat. Ideally white with yellow or ON red/brown markings, but all colours are Dralion Perm Reg’d, Peter & Linda Dowdle. permitted. Quality, healthy, lovingly home-raised puppies from champion bloodlines. Bred for soundness, Quick Facts health and temperament. Occasionally available Exercise Requirements to approved homes. 474237 County Road 11, Grooming Amaranth, ON L9W 0R4. (519) 938-8663; linda@;



one dog. The Newfoundland may not have survived if not for the efforts of the Honourable Harold MacPherson.

Norwegian Buhund



go to “forever” homes with health guarantee and continuing breeder support. (403) 8862649;; www. BC Vigeland Reg’d, Sheila Vig Robertson. Quality CKC Registered Norwegian Elkhounds since 1960. Home raised, happy, healthy puppies available to approved homes. Contact me for more information.; www.

NORWEGIAN LUNDEHUND History An ancient breed that accompanied northern people into Scandanavia, the Norwegian Buhund herded their flocks and safeguarded their homes; in fact, Bu means “homestead” in Norwegian. The dogs conformed to the sturdy Spitz shape, with the characteristic prick ears and curled tail. Although the Buhund was recognized as a distinct type even before the Viking era, the breed was not formally recognized in Norway until 1939.

OVERSCAIG OUTSIDER OF RUTERFEM (Trygg) Summer playtime shot: 4th generation “home-grown + import.” Bred/Owned by Nina & Allen Tait, OVERSCAIG Perm. Reg’d.

History The national dog of Norway, the Norwegian Elkhound is an ancient breed that hasn’t changed much over the last 5,000 years. A supreme hunter, the Elkhound works to track and quarry his game, holding it at bay until the human hunters arrive to dispatch it. In Norwegian, the breed is called the Elghund, or “Moose” hound. In The Norwegian Buhund’s numbers are fact the Elkhound was used to hunt moose and many other large animals including declining in its native land; however, the wolves, bear and even mountain lions. He breed’s family-friendly qualities are making was also an all-round working dog, pulling it more recognizable around the world. sleds and guarding homes and flocks. Personality The Buhund is a sweetnatured canine who wants to please. Like most herding dogs, he is intelligent, and friendly with children and other dogs. He is alert, but not noisy. The Buhund adapts to country or city, as long as he gets sufficient mental and physical exercise. He has the exceptional habit – some would say virtue! – of cleaning himself like a cat. Appearance 16-18” (40.5-46 cm) 26-40 lb (12-18 kg) Short, harsh outer coat with soft undercoat. Wheaten or black, with white markings acceptable on the black. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


Personality Brave and even-tempered, the Norwegian Elkhound is an all-round companion. He is a good watchdog who will alert to strangers by barking and quickly discern the difference between friend and foe. With his family, he is kind and affectionate. Like most working dogs, the Norwegian Elkhound is happiest when he has a job, be it tracking, pulling sleds, herding or doing agility. Good socialization with other dogs is important.

The breed’s numbers decreased mid-1800, when hunters began using nets to catch the birds. Only a group of devotees kept the courageous little dog from extinction. Currently, the Norwegian Lundehund’s popularity is again on the rise.

Appearance 19-21” (49-52 cm) 44-55 lb (20-25 kg)

legend Very minimal Minimal Average More than average Maximum


Though just one of many moose and bear dogs at the time, the Norwegian Elkhound came into his own in 1865 when foundation sire Gamle Bamse Gram was born. Considered ideal for the Gray Elkhound, his build and type became the breed standard in 1887. The Norwegian Elkhound came to North America in the early 20th century.

History Lunde is Norwegian for “puffin”. This translation lies at the heart of the Lundehund’s story. These quick, agile dogs originally scoured the Arctic island cliffs off Norway in search of puffins, a colourful bird that feeds in northern oceans and breeds in rock crevices. It took drive and flexibility to navigate those rock caves, and the Norwegian Lundehund was bred for the job. A “canine contortionist”, his head stretches back to reach his spine, his forelegs flex out to 90°, and he has several toes on each foot (polydactyl), some of which are double- and triple-jointed. The Lundehund’s dexterity helped provide their owners with valuable puffin meat and feathers.


Personality Lively, fun and friendly, the Lundehund gets along with children and Medium-length, coarse smooth-lying other dogs. Bred for a demanding job, outercoat. Soft, dense wooly undercoat. he retains all the traits that made him so successful: courage, tenacity and agility. He Various shades of grey. can be stubborn; house-training requires Quick Facts patience. The Norwegian Lundehund Exercise Requirements needs a secure space to exercise; however, Grooming as dynamic as he is, he is not hyperactive. AB Overscaig Perm. Reg’d, Allen and Nina Tait. Owners/Hobby Breeders since 1974. We carefully plan for 1-2 litters/year. Our breeding program (home-grown + Norwegian Imported lines) maintains the breed’s unique type, soundness and temperament. Our puppies are healthy; home-raised; well-socialized. They all

Appearance 12-15” (30.5-38 cm) 13-16 lb (6-7 kg) Rough double coat. Extends from red to fawn to grey, often with black-tipped hairs. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming





Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

- See Retriever (Nova Scotia Duck Tolling)

History Gregarious and fun-loving, the Norwich Terrier’s ancestors originated in England, where small terrier-type ratting dogs were very popular in the 19th century. First whip to the Norwich Staghounds Frank Jones bought and started breeding a number of these terriers, taking some time to find a true type. He distributed the dogs far and wide, even into America, where they originally became known as Jones Terriers. Until 1964, the Norwich Terrier and the Norfolk Terrier were grouped together as one breed. However, the Norwich Terrier is now recognized as separate based on its prick ears.

History Despite his name, the Old English Sheepdog is in fact a relatively new breed. His exact progenitors are unknown, but he was likely a mix of various herding dogs found in England’s West Country. At the time, taxing excluded working dogs so farmers would dock their dogs’ tails, signifying that they were herders or drovers. The Sheepdog earned its common name, the Bobtail, from this practice. Since his thick hairy coat might interfere with his work, farmers would shear him with the Personality Don’t let his size fool you – sheep so he could see and work more easily. the Norwich Terrier is pure personality! This tiny dog is intelligent, affectionate, When dog shows came into fashion at the energetic and quick to learn tricks, end of the 19th century, the “Shepherd’s especially if training is short, fun, and Dog”, as he was then known, became a rewarding. The Norwich is also a devoted popular entry. Breeders would spend family companion. As with most working hours trimming and back-combing his dogs, he does best when given a job — huge coat to create the perfect image of participating in obedience, agility or the breed. Old English Sheepdogs made simply chasing squirrels. You may think their way to North America in the 1880s, he will tire easily, but these dogs can go and by the turn of the century, five of the ten wealthiest families in the United States hours before needing a break. owned and bred them. Appearance 10” (25.5 cm) Personality A natural herder, the Old 12 lb (5.5 kg) English Sheepdog continues to practice Straight and wiry outercoat with a thick his herding duties within the home, undercoat. Ruff that frames the face. herding and protecting his family by Prick ears. Shades of red, wheaten, gently bumping them together. He is evengrizzle, black and tan. tempered and kind, patient and loving with all who treat him with kindness. The Old Quick Facts English Sheepdog loves to be outdoors Exercise Requirements and with his heavy coat can tolerate winter Grooming weather very well. ON Dralion Perm. Reg’d, Peter & Linda Dowdle. Quality, healthy, lovingly home-raised puppies from champion bloodlines. Bred for soundness, health and temperament. Occasionally available to approved homes. 474237 County Road 11, Amaranth, ON L9W 0R4. (519) 938-8663; linda@dralionkennels. com;

Appearance 21-24” (53-61 cm) 60-100 lb (27-46 kg) Shaggy, harsh profuse outercoat. Waterproof pile undercoat. Any shade of grey, grizzle, blue, blue merle with or without white markings, or in reverse. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History The Otterhound was bred to hunt the otters that were depleting fish in England’s rivers. To appreciate the Otterhound’s aquatic skills, consider that the European otter weighs 20 pounds (9 kg), lives mostly underwater and surfaces only occasionally for air. The otter’s underwater scent trail is called “a drag”, and to follow it, Otterhounds needed to swim for hours. Such a keen nose and staying power support the belief that Bloodhound and Southern Harrier genes found their way into Otterhound DNA. Some British royalty (including Elizabeth I) even bore the title Master of Otterhounds – quite a testament to the breed’s significance. But in time, the otter population dropped so dramatically that the species fell under protection, and hunting was banned. The Otterhound was then out of a job. The owners of two solitary packs committed themselves to keeping the breed alive, and established the Otterhound as a show dog. In North America, the Otterhound has hunted game, but today’s breed fanciers remain more enamoured with the Otterhound’s looks, voice and temperament. Personality Friendly, even-tempered and exuberant, the Otterhound loves to play in water – especially if people are included in the fun. He has a distinct baying voice, but is not a barker. He is intelligent, but his attention span can be short. Scent-driven, the Otterhound does best in a secure country setting. Appearance 23-27” (58-69 cm) 65-115 lb (29-52 kg) Rough outer coat, woolly water-resistant undercoat. “Grizzle” or sandy colour with black and tan. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming




Parents are health tested. Puppies are wormed, microchipped, vaccinated, and health guaranteed. They are ready to become happy members of your family! Breeding since 1997. (905) 262-4682;;

History The Papillon is a long-standing favourite of royalty, and is depicted in paintings dating back to the 13th century. Likely descended from toy spaniels, these cheerful little dogs earned their name from their unique ears. Pricked ears were named Papillon, after the butterfly, while folded ears were named Phalène, after the night moth. Drop ears prevailed until the late 1800s, when fashions changed and pricked ears were favoured. Though historically a lap dog, the Papillon is also remarkably agile and trainable. In recent times, the breed’s popularity has increased as the dogs excel in obedience, agility, tracking, and as hearing ear or therapy dogs. Personality Bubbly and full of life, the Papillon is a social dog who loves to get out and about. Early socialization helps him stay confident with new situations and strangers. With his high energy levels and intelligence, the Papillon is happiest when he has things to do, and is an excellent choice for obedience or agility. He is a quick learner, and loves to try new things. Appearance 8-11” (20-28 cm) Under 5.5-11 lb (2.5-4.5 kg) Long, straight, fine flowing coat. Chest frill. Feathering, particularly on ears. Particolour or tricolour with patches of any colour on white.


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Apsara Reg’d, Rob Ballantyne. Top quality, home-raised and socialized. Carefully bred producing excellent temperament, type and soundness. 11431 160 Ave, Edmonton, AB T5X 2K7. (780) 457-9601;; ON Bluechip Perm. Reg’d, Olga Gagne. Breeding for health, temperament and correct breed characteristics. Bluechip Papillons are loving companions, intelligent top notch performance dogs, and beautiful conformation champions.





Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Photo: Alice Van Kempen



History As the “Lion Dog”, a fierce protector against evil spirits, the Pekingese belonged exclusively to the Chinese Imperial Court. “Foo Dog” idols representing the breed existed as early as the Tang Dynasty of the 8th century. Highly popular with the nobility, thousands of History Originally bred by Parson John these little dogs lived in Imperial palaces; “Jack” Russell in the late 1800s, the Parson 4,000 eunuchs were housed in Peking solely Russell Terrier was a hunting terrier for the purpose of managing their breeding. designed to follow horses and hounds No one outside the nobility was permitted to during fox hunts. His great stamina ensured own one, on pain of death. he could keep up with the horses. He was able to spook a fox from his den by following In 1860, the British invaded Peking. Fearing him in and baying at and worrying him capture of their precious dogs, the Imperial without killing him. When the fox bolted, family ordered them to be destroyed. When one lady committed suicide, however, her the hunters could continue the chase. five “sleeve dogs” remained behind, fiercely A lot of people could not afford to hunt with defending their fallen owner. Soldiers caught horses, so many terriers were trained to dig the little dogs and brought them back to into the dens of prey, attacking and killing them. More aggressive than Parson Russell England where Queen Victoria received one Terriers, these little dogs were often called as a gift. As the conquest continued, soldiers Jack Russell Terriers, even though they found other Pekingese and brought them didn’t meet the standards Russell first aimed to England, forming the foundation of the breed we know today. to produce. In 1904, Arthur Heinemann attempted Personality Always the pampered dog to purify the breed. He wrote up a breed of royalty, the Pekingese was born to be a standard based on Russell’s original taller comforting companion. Confident and terrier, and this became known the Parson charming, he bonds strongly with his Russell Terrier in 2003. person and can become protective and Personality Always up for a challenge, jealous. Careful socialization at a young the Parson Russell Terrier is a vibrant and age helps him gain the confidence so fearless fellow. He is lively and engaged in characteristic of the breed. Because of family activities, and loves to be the centre of his short muzzle, he can’t handle a lot of attention. This smart and energetic dog loves exercise, though short walks are essential the outdoors and does well with training such to keep him fit and healthy. as obedience or agility. Early socialization is Appearance 6-9” (15-23 cm) important to help develop his manners and under 14 lb (6.5 kg) social skills. Long, straight, coarse stand-off outercoat. Appearance 10-15” (25-33 cm) Thick soft undercoat. Mane. Some 13-17 lb (6-7.5 kg) feathering. All colours and markings. May Smooth and broken coats acceptable. have black mask. Harsh, dense close outercoat. Short dense Quick Facts undercoat. May also be wiry. Exercise Requirements Quick Facts Grooming Exercise Requirements Grooming

History One of the most ancient of domesticated dogs, the Pharaoh Hound originated in Egypt. Phoenician traders brought the breed to Malta in exchange for goods, and there the breed continued unadulterated for more than 2,000 years. A sight and scent hound, the dog hunted fowl, hare and rabbit and was known in his native land as the Kelb tal-Fenek (Maltese Rabbit Dog). When the breed arrived in the UK in the 1920s, fans thought these exceptionally elegant dogs resembled the Egyptian dog-god, Anubis, so they were renamed Pharaoh Hounds.

Originally, both small and large Basset Griffons could be found in the same litter. In 1950, however, the Petit Basset Griffon received separate breed status, and by 1975 the interbreeding of the two sizes was forbidden. The PBGV came to North America in the 1970s and has since gained popularity worldwide.

Arriving in North America in 1967, the first Pharaoh Hound litter on this side of the Atlantic was born in 1970. The breed’s distinctive colouring, and the fact that it remains odourless, is renewing interest.

Appearance 13-15” (33-38 cm) Under 45 lb (20.5 kg)

Appearance 21-25” (53.5-63.5 cm) 45-55 lb (20.5-25 kg)

Long rough outercoat. Thick undercoat. Beard and moustache. White with any combination of lemon, orange, tricolour, grizzle, black or sable.

Short, glossy, rich tan colour coat with white markings. Eyes, eye rims, nose and lip colour blend with coat colour. Nose and ears “blush” when excited.

Personality The Pharaoh hound is goodhumoured and affectionate, especially with children. He is an intelligent dog who is Personality Bred to be a pack hunter, the easy to train. True to his ancestry, the active PBGV is a friendly dog who gets along with Pharaoh Hound loves the excitement his pack, whether human or canine. He is of agility and lure coursing, but when he especially good with children. Happy and is not hunting, he is a calm and attuned enthusiastic about life, he loves to follow his member of the family. A safe, secured area nose. Time outdoors in a safely fenced area will allow the Pharaoh Hound to exercise is important. and indulge his playful side.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


History A rare breed in North America, the German Long-haired Pointer has long been a favourite sporting dog in its native country. Originally a hunter of big game – some say as early as medieval times – it later moved to farm and field. When the heavier version of the dog was crossed with English Setters and French Spaniels, German clubs registered standards for this more agile Long-haired Pointer. This classification dates to 1879.

Pointer (German Long-Haired)

History The Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen is one of four types of scent hound founded around the 1st century in the French region of Vendéen. The types are separated by size: Grand Griffon, Briquette Griffon, Grand Basset Griffon, and Petit Basset Griffon. The Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen, named for its characteristic “small, low, rough” appearance, was bred to hunt in packs, trailing small game such as rabbit, hare and the occasional fox.


The breed made its way to North America in the 1950s, but their numbers remained low as Germany applied limits on who could import these dogs. Today, many North American breeders also prefer to keep the breed in the hands of those who ensure the German Long-haired Pointer receives the outdoor activity to which he is accustomed. Personality Strong and possessing lots of stamina, the German Long-haired Pointer thrives in an environment where his mind and body are stimulated by new challenges. He loves to run and swim. As well as being a superb athlete, he is a good-natured, calm and steady dog. Appearance 23-27.5” (58-70 cm) 66 lb (29.9 kg) Slightly wavy, weather-resistant coat. Solid liver colour, liver with white markings, or white with liver markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming



I’ve seen a look in dogs’ eyes, a quickly vanishing look of amazed contempt, and I am convinced that basically, dogs – John Steinbeck, author think humans are nuts.


Pointer (German Short-Haired)



History When game hunting was opened to the general populace in the 1800s, people wanted an all-round hunting dog that could take on any prey. Prince Albrecht zu Solmes-Braunfels combined several successful breeds such as the German Bird Dog, Spanish Pointer and English Pointer. He selected for function and hunting ability rather than breed type and appearance – a deleterious practice. The result was an intelligent hunting dog who would willingly work in water, retrieve and track. Popular with hunters worldwide, the German Shorthaired Pointer spread to North America in the early 1900s. Personality Enthusiastic and full of energy, the German Short-haired Pointer is an intelligent dog and a joy to train. He loves to work, whether by hunting, doing obedience, playing flyball or running agility courses. Always up for a run, he needs opportunities to get out and exercise his hunting instincts. He loves his family, and is good with children. Appearance 21-26” (53-66 cm) 45-70 lb (20-32 kg) Short, rough hard outercoat. Dense short undercoat. Solid liver or black, liver or black and white spotted and/or ticked, liver or black roan. May have tan markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


breed to our kennel as well. Puppies are Canadian Kennel Club registered, 1st set of shots, dew claws done, de-wormed, microchipped, some crate conditioning, very well socialized, a health guarantee, and 6 weeks pet insurance. We offer ongoing support to assist you in raising a well-mannered puppy which will become a well-mannered adult dog. We offer LIFETIME return policy and LIFETIME support for you and your new family member. Princeton, BC; whiterobinkennels@outlook. com;

AB Pointer Crazy Pointers, GSP Puppies raised in our family home with their own mom and dad as our pets. Making Happy, Confident, Alert and Well Socialized Puppies! First Shots. Vet Checked. Very Versatile. Life Time Support. Like us on Facebook! Call or Text (403) 302-2667;; BC Whiterobin Kennels, Cynthia White. In 2008 we fell in love with a new breed, German Short-haired Pointers, which compliment our Labradors so decided to add this wonderful




History Dating to the 16th century, the Polish Lowland Sheepdog, or Polish Owczarek Nizinny (PON), is descended from the Hungarian Puli. He is likely the link between the corded breeds and longcoated herding dogs of Eastern Europe such as the Scottish Bearded Collie. An excellent herder, the PON was also a guard and watchdog. Like many breeds, the PON nearly died off during the Second World War. These dogs were preserved thanks to Dr. Danuta Hryniewicz and her dog Smok, who sired ten litters in the 1950s. All modern Polish Lowland History While several types of gundogs Sheepdogs descend from Smok, whose existed in late 19th century Germany, hunters wanted an even more rugged type became the breed standard in 1959. breed. It’s believed they crossed the The PON only gained recognition in German Short-haired Pointer with either North America during the last decade. the Airedale, the Poodle, or the Griffon, Personality Loyal and devoted to his and the result was a sort of all-terrain family, the PON is a herding dog at heart. canine who could track all kinds of game. He protects and cares for his “flock”, The German Wire-haired Pointer is more and can be pushy if not well trained rugged than his short-haired cousin; he and socialized. His calm nature and easy has a weather-resistant coat, and rates high intelligence make him pleasant to be in courage and stamina. around. He likes to work and benefits The German Wire-haired Pointer came to from activities such as obedience, rally, North America in the 1920s, but was not flyball and agility. registered until much later. In its native Germany, the “Drahthaar” breed club Appearance 16-20” (40-51 cm) 35-50 lb (16-23 kg) demands breeders meet conformation and performance tests, which accounts for Long, shaggy thick outercoat. Soft dense some variation between the European and undercoat. Long hair over eyes. All colours the North American types. and patches acceptable. Personality Energetic and eager to please, Quick Facts the German Wire-Haired Pointer makes Exercise Requirements a sound, affectionate companion in the Grooming country or the city – as long as he gets plenty of work out-of-doors. He is more introverted than his cousin, the German Short-haired Pointer, so ongoing socialization will keep him confident in a gathering. Appearance 22-26” (55.8-66 cm) 45-75 lb (20.5-34 kg) Wiry coat of solid liver, liver roan, or liver and white. Bushy eyebrows, beard and whiskers bestow character. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Chocolates are our specialty. All colours available. Baylee is a chocolate male. Bred by Maria Almeida, Calvary Kennels.

History To the surprise of some, poodles are actually working water dogs. The name comes from the German term “pudel”, which refers to his love of splashing and playing in water. In France, the breed is known as “Caniche”, a combination of the words “chien” for dog and “canard” for duck. A Poodle’s clip allowed him greater freedom of movement in the water, yet kept vulnerable regions warm and protected. A long tradition of artists have enjoyed creating ever more flamboyant clip designs. Today, Poodles are still a Personality A true feisty Spitz in favourite of grooming competitions temperament, the Pomeranian is an alert because their ever moldable coats intelligent dog who believes he is as large support incredible coiffures, often with bright colours. as his ancestors were. A natural watchdog, he is suspicious of strangers and will let you There are four sizes of Poodle: Standard, know if he believes something is not quite Medium, Miniature and Toy. The Miniature right. The Pomeranian wants to be involved is very popular, large enough to remain sturdy while fitting into most homes, yet in all aspects of life, though is not clingy. small enough to be picked up and be a lap His intelligence and willingness to please dog. make him easy to train. Pomeranians love to learn tricks and do well in obedience, Personality One of the most intelligent breeds, the Miniature Poodle is a lively fellow rally and agility. who enjoys having something to do. He can Appearance 7-12” (18-30 cm) be a bit shy and sensitive, and requires good socialization to bring out his confidence 3-7 lb (1.5-3 kg) and cheerful nature. Excellent trick dogs, Long, straight harsh outercoat. Soft, fluffy Miniature Poodles are great fun to train, and thick undercoat. Neck ruff. All colours, this helps keep their minds occupied. patterns, variations. Appearance 10-15” (25-38 cm) Quick Facts 15-20 lb (7-9 kg) Exercise Requirements Curly coat has naturally harsh texture, dense Grooming throughout. Corded coat hangs in tight, even cords of varying lengths. Any solid colour.

Poodle (Standard)

PEI LEEANNS POODLES Perm. Reg’d, Champion, health tested parents! Puppies Raised in my home with puppy culture. Black, White, Silver, Red, Apricot, 2 year guarantee and Lifetime Breeder support! 277 Line of Lot Road, Fortune Bridge, PE C0A 2B0 . (902) 6871370;; www.


History Though sometimes called the “French Poodle”, this breed does not come from France but instead has its roots in Germany. A water dog, the poodle hunts and retrieves fowl from swamps and lakes. The distinct poodle clip keeps the dog warm while working in cold waters, without slowing him down as he swims. Poodles have many claims to fame, not the least of which is their intelligence and highly trainable nature. The Standard Poodle is the largest. He is highly versatile and has been used for many purposes, including as a guide dog, hearing ear dog, seizure detector, cancer Quick Facts detector, mobility assistant and therapy Exercise Requirements dog. Poodles also succeed at herding, Grooming hunting, pulling sleds, obedience, agility and pretty much anything else they are NB Calvary Kennel Reg’d, Our puppies are asked to do. home raised with children. We have miniature Personality A proud intelligent dog, and toy sizes to choose from in reds, browns, the Standard Poodle is an exceptionally blacks, cream, and apricots. From champion versatile companion. He is good with lines. Shipping and delivery available. – Moncton, children and other animals, with an NB. (506) 785-6600;; affectionate nature and desire to please. (See our Breed Happy outdoors or in, he enjoys both Ambassador Advertisement above.)



History The smallest Spitz-type breed, the German Zwergspitz, or Pomeranian as we know him, wasn’t always tiny. In the 18th century, the Pomeranian weighed around 30 lb. When Queen Victoria took an interest in the breed, however, she preferred smaller specimens, so breeders soon produced dogs weighing closer to 12 lb. Other famous Pomeranian owners include Marie Antoinette and Amadeus Mozart. Modern breeders have reduced the average size of the breed to around 5 lb. The Pomeranian remains a highly popular toy breed, well loved for his foxy face and fluffy coat.

ON Cuttingedge Reg’d, Birgit Johnston. We are CKC registered breeders of miniature and very small standard poodles. Our miniatures come from champion blood lines and are white, silver black or red. Our small standards are between 28 and 38 lbs, red, black, phantom or parti. We do all the breed specific genetic testing along with Pennhip and OFA patellas and eyes. Our dogs are family members living in our home and sleeping in our beds. We take a natural approach to raising our dogs. We feed a species appropriate raw diet with high quality kibble on occasion, minimal vaccines, no toxic flea and tick repellents or cleaning products. We also offer a 2 year health guarantee. (289) 214-2354;;

Photo: WinterGarden Reg’d.


Photo: Alice Van Kempen


Poodle (Toy)

Poodle (Standard) mental exercise while training and doing tricks, and good old-fashioned runs outside. Appearance Over 15” (38 45-70 lb (20-32 kg)


Curly coat has naturally harsh texture, dense throughout. Corded coat hangs in tight, even cords of varying lengths. Any solid colour.

Bred Diversity Tool. Family-raised, wellsocialized and well-loved puppies for pet, service or show from champion lines. Emphasis on health, temperament and trainability. Written Health Guarantee. Lifetime of breeder support. Visitors welcome. Plainfield, ON.; Cell: (613) 328-4511;; Facebook page: @SyquefineIV (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.)



Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Seransil Standard Poodles Perm. Reg’d. Breeder of CKC registered standard poodles out of health screened championship stock specializing in silvers, whites/creams, & silver/ beige. Our poodles serve as companion dogs, show dogs, performance & service dogs. Our puppies are health guaranteed. Puppies and stud services available. (403) 381-6890;; BC Reigate Standard Poodles Perm. Reg’d, Suzanne Loblaw. Member of CKC and Poodle Club of Canada. Home raised Champion quality puppies occasionally from fully health tested Champion parents and using the UC Davis genetic profile guidelines for preserving diversity. (250) 334-9334;;;


WinterGarden Reg’d, MJ Winters. We are a small home based “kennel”. We breed sparingly, puppies are whelped and brought up in our kitchen and beautiful backyard. Puppies are loved and handled from birth. Parents are health tested and are champions, most often in both Canada and the US. Kamloops, BC (250) 579-8841; Cell (760) 537-9629; ON Magisterial Standard Poodles Reg’d. At Magisterial, we provide a life-enhancing experience. Our Standard Poodle puppies are well socialized, highly intelligent, and joyful. They have stunning conformation, are extremely healthy, temperament tested, and arrive home eager to learn! Your new family member has been raised in luxury and given nothing but the very best during their crucial first 8 weeks of life. Magisterial Standard Poodle puppies come home with our exclusive 5-year health guarantee and will provide immeasurable amounts of joy, love, and magic! (613) 453-1773; adam@magisterialkennels. com; (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) Syquefine Reg’d, Christina Pierce. Est. 2004. Specializing in Blue, Apricot and Red Standard Poodles. Health tested parents matched to improve genetic diversity using the Better



Toy Apricot Poodle. All Colours Available. Bred by Maria Almeida, Calvary Kennels

History The Toy Poodle is the smallest, and was created from the Standard Poodle by breeding for small size. Originally waterdogs, Poodles are now prized for their versatility. Many performing artists in circuses preferred poodles over other breeds. Highly intelligent, the dogs could be trained to do any trick, and worked well in combinations using all their different sizes and types. Circuses are turning away from the use of animals, but Poodles remain popular as entertainers. Toy Poodles are particularly popular due to their tiny size. Personality A lapdog in size, the Toy Poodle is an intelligent dog who loves to perform tricks for his people. He needs to be mentally stimulated to keep him happy, and good training and socialization help moderate his sensitive nature. Like many toy breeds, he is cautious around young children, who tend to be loud and boisterous. The Toy Poodle loves to be with his people. nder 10” (25 cm) Appearance U 4-8 lb (2-3.5 kg) Curly coat has naturally harsh texture, dense throughout. Corded coat hangs in tight, even cords of varying lengths. Any solid colour. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming NB Calvary Kennel Reg’d, Our puppies are home raised with children. We have miniature and toy sizes to choose from in reds, browns, blacks, cream, and apricots. From champion lines. Shipping and delivery available. – Moncton, NB. (506) 756-8481;;

History The Portuguese Sheepdog was born to herd, and the breed’s driving instinct and long coat served it well in harsh climates. Of uncertain origin, it’s possible the Portuguese Sheepdog descended from a pair of Briards in the early 1900s. Then again, it resembles both the Pyrenees from France and the Catalan Sheepdog from Spain. When the breed’s popularity faded in the 1970s, groups of breeders and owners connected in an effort to repopulate the breed. They began selecting for traits that made the dog more suitable as a pet, such as devotion to family. It’s widely acknowledged that a combination of these new traits, combined with an ageold eagerness to work, kept the breed from disappearing altogether. Personality A quick and lively outdoor worker, the Portuguese Sheepdog is a good companion for a knowledgeable owner who can appreciate and channel his strong driving instinct. Though he can be wary of strangers, he is very faithful to his family and often takes it upon himself to protect them. This breed is also extremely eager to learn, and has the energy and smarts required to become a well-trained companion for work, sport and play. Appearance 1 6.5-22” (42-55 cm) 26-40 lb (12-18 kg) A tousled coat of yellow, fawn, chestnut and grey – from light to dark. Scant white on chest.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming



Photo: Alice Van Kempen

History An old breed, the Portuguese Water Dog, or Cão de Agua, helped drive fish into fishermen’s nets. He was an essential member of the Portuguese crew. He served the vessels by retrieving things from the water, sometimes even diving for them, and delivering messages from the ship. By the early 1900s, technology made the Portuguese Water Dog’s role redundant, and the breed fell by the wayside.

In the 1930s, a wealthy Portuguese shipping magnate took an interest in the breed and began efforts to save it from extinction. A mere 35 dogs were brought to North America in the 1960s, where dedicated breeders continued History Originating in China alongside the the effort to revive the Portuguese Water Dog. Pekingese, the Pug was always a companion Personality A fearless, lively and dedicated dog, and was reserved for the Imperial family service dog, the Portuguese Water Dog loves and their friends. As the Dutch East India his family and will do anything to keep them Company made its way across the world, they happy. Although easily trained, he likes to think were able to obtain some Pugs and bring for himself and can get distracted if he doesn’t them back to Holland. There the Prince of know what is expected of him. The Portuguese Orange claimed them as the official breed of Water Dog loves to work, and needs to have a the House of Orange after a Pug saved his job. He excels at obedience, agility, water sports life from Spaniards in 1572. Later, when the and any other sport his owner might want to try. Prince’s grandson William III took the Appearance 16-23” (42-59 cm) English throne, he brought several Pugs with 35-60 lb (16-27 kg) him. Later Royals to keep Pugs included Curly coat: compact, cylindrical curls, little Queen Victoria, the Duke and Duchess of shine. Wavy coat: falls gently in waves, slight Windsor, and Napoleon’s wife, Josephine. sheen. Black, white, brown or combinations Pugs came to North America in the mid of black or brown with white. 1800s and it’s now one of the most popular Quick Facts and recognized breeds in the world. Exercise Requirements Personality The Pug is a small dog full Grooming of character. He is even-tempered, clever ON and curious, and attracts attention with his Acostar Reg’d, Lesley Miller. We breed quality PWDs for temperament, type, and health and unique appearance and pleasant personality. raise them in our home surrounded by family. Friendly and good with people of all ages, All breeding dogs are CKC Champions with he is affectionate and enjoys a good cuddle. PRA, EOPRA, GM-1, IC-13, JDCM, and OFA He can’t work too hard due to a shortened hips, elbows, and eye clearances. All pups are nose that can give him breathing problems. health checked and guaranteed, vaccinated and microchipped before going home. However, it is still important to get him out (613) 469-0303;; and about to prevent obesity.

Claircreek PWDs Perm. Reg’d, Donna Gottdenker. Breeder/Owner/Handler of top quality PWDs for 25 years – Focused on breeding only PWDs for top quality pets, performance and show. Raised in my home and I offer a health guarantee. Always available for help with raising, training, grooming. Appointments welcome. Arthur, ON N0G 1A0. (519) 241-5353;

Appearance 10-14” (25-36 cm) 14-18 lb (6.5-8 kg) Short, smooth fine coat. Fawn, black, silver, apricot. Black mask. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming



History The Puli immigrated to Hungary in the early 9th century with the Magyars and their flocks of sheep. The early dogs varied widely in type and are the progenitors of the Puli, Komodor, Kuvasz and Tibetan Terrier. Pulis are the ultimate sheepherding dog. Darker-coated dogs guarded flocks during the day, while lighter-coated dogs guarded at night. The dogs were so valuable that a shepherd might save a year’s wages just to purchase one. Their unique technique of jumping on the backs of sheep made them an unusual and effective flock manager. Interbreeding and wars decimated the purebred Puli until 1912, when Emil Raitsits recognized the dog’s value. In 1915, he wrote up a breed standard and worked to reconstruct the Puli, specifically by preserving its size, colour and coat. While there were originally four sizes of Puli, the middle-sized dog was most versatile and became the true breed type. Personality Like many guardian breeds, the Puli is an excellent watchdog and guardian. He is cautious with strangers, and takes time to develop trust. But he is affectionate and devoted to those he calls his own. A working dog, the Puli likes to be kept occupied, and responds well to training. Early socialization with a variety of people and places will be a plus. Appearance 14-18” (37-46 cm) 22-33 lb (10-15 kg) Weather-resistant coat with long, wavy or curly coarse outercoat. Fine, soft dense undercoat. Mature coat naturally forms cords. Solid black, rusty black, all shades of grey, white, apricot. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming NS Immerzu Perm. Reg’d, Terry & Stephanie Horan. We are proud to be Canada’s winningest Puli breeders. Puppies are occasionally available for showing, performance events, and as lively, loving companions. Older dogs are sometimes available. All breeding stock health checked. Delighted to offer advice and information from over 50 years’ experience with the breed. 14924 Hwy 6, Wallace Ridge, NS B0K 1E0. (902) 257-1143;;



Ricelake Portuguese Water Dogs, Cathy Gonzalez. Our dogs are bred to CKC standard as well as for their great temperaments and intelligence but most importantly for health. All our dogs live with us in our home and all puppies are born & raised in the house. Every Porti puppy is fully guaranteed. All our breeding dogs have been tested for GMI, IC, JDCM, PRA & Hips. All puppies leave with full 2-year guarantee & lifetime breeder support. We are located in the Northumberland Hills approximately 1.5hr drive east from Toronto. Please visit our website to learn more about us and our dogs. (705) 924-2509; c_reg_4@hotmail. com;

Photo: Alice Van Kempen




Photo: Alice Van Kempen



History The Pumi gets its origins from the Puli, an ancient sheepherding breed brought to Hungary by the Magyars about a thousand years ago. During the 17th and 18th centuries, foreign herder and terrier breeds were mixed with the Puli, and the result was the smaller more agile dog we know today as the Pumi. The Pumi was an ideal farm dog; he herded sheep, cattle, and pigs, and also hunted small rodents to keep farms free of vermin. In the early 20th century, Dr. Emil Raitsis recognized the separate characteristics of the two Hungarian sheepdogs, which began the selective breeding process of enhancing the breed-specific traits of the Pumi. In the early 1900s the Pumi was officially identified as its own distinct breed.

History Aptly named by Teddy Roosevelt, the Rat Terrier was bred from a variety of different terrier breeds – and later, Beagles, Whippets and Italian Greyhounds – to kill rats. He became highly valued in the 1910s and 1920s when jackrabbits were killing crops across the Midwest, and earned his keep as a quick-moving exterminator with a keen nose. A fast learner, the Rat Terrier was soon given other jobs, including watchdog, henhouse guardian, and “playmate” for children. Breeding with Beagles gave this feisty dog more of a pack mentality and helped develop the calmer disposition that makes him so popular today. Throughout the mid- to late-1900s, the Rat Terrier became well-known for his versatility – tough but elegant, focused but Personality The Pumi is always very playful, and extremely adaptable – and was playful, and his whimsical expressions and accepted as a registered member of the quirky antics can make him a very amusing Canadian Kennel Club in 2021. companion. With the alertness of the Personality The Rat Terrier is an energetic terriers and the intelligence of the herding breed that responds well to training. breeds, the Pumi is highly trainable and a Though he tends to be reserved around new fantastic show dog. Known for his ability people, he warms up quickly and displays to excel at a variety of sports, as well as great devotion and obedience to those he freestyle canine dancing, his energy makes knows and trusts. His strong prey drive him a great companion for people who is difficult to quell, so early leash training enjoy an active lifestyle. Socialization is and supervision around housecats is a must important because he can be somewhat shy for this hunting breed. With daily outdoor with strangers. exercise, he’ll settle calmly indoors and will develop a strong bond with his humans Appearance 15-18.5 in (38-47 cm) regardless of their age. 17-33 lbs (7.5-15 kg) Various colours, including grey, black, Appearance Miniature 10-13” (25-33 cm) 6-8 lb (3-3.5 kg white, rusty brown, and fawn with mask. Soft


undercoat with strong, curly outercoat that forms tufts. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming: Smooth

Standard 1 4-18” (35-46 cm) 12-35 lb (5.5-16 kg) Short, smooth, flat-lying coat. Pied patterning (large patches of one or more colours in combination with white) which may include black, or chocolate, red, apricot, blue, fawn, tan or lemon. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming



History Maryland’s Chesapeake Bay thrived on huge flocks of waterfowl native to the region. Taking hundreds of birds at a time, they needed dogs that could work for hours in the frigid waters, retrieving birds and bringing them to shore. In 1807, a ship carrying two Newfoundland-type dogs sank near the Maryland shore. The two dogs, named Canton and Sailor, were bred to local dogs including other types of retriever, water spaniels and otter hounds. The resulting dogs were long-footed with short waterresistant coats, and could tolerate cold water without becoming chilled. The Chesapeake Bay Retriever remains a prized water bird hunter, and they are also excellent search and rescue dogs, trackers, guide dogs and sled dogs. Current breeders focus on keeping the working traits that make the Chesapeake Bay Retriever so valuable, and promote their dogs both in the show ring and the field. Personality The Chesapeake Bay Retriever is a tough, tenacious and strong-minded dog. He is a working dog that needs a job to keep happy. When not working, he is an affectionate and family-friendly companion that is easy to care for. While content indoors, he loves to be outside and of course adores swimming. Appearance 21-26” (53-66 cm) 55-80 lb (25-37 kg) Short, hard, oily water-resistant outercoat. Wooly, dense fine undercoat. Any shade of brown, sedge (red-gold) or deadgrass (straw to bracken). White markings acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Conroy Reg’d Kennel, Rita Jones. Working bloodlines bred for temperaments, retrieving ability, Conformation (structure) and excellent work ethics. Breeding stock all have certified health clearances for DM, IEC, Hips, Elbows, and eyes. Puppies come with a written guarantee. Puppies available occasionally. Fifty years of breeding and competing in Retrieving, Obedience, and Conformation with my dogs. Woodville, ON (705) 439-2747;

Personality Gentle and even-tempered, the Curly is also loyal and protective of his family. While he can be a bit reserved with strangers, his playful side peeks out with people he knows and loves. Known for his good manners, the Curly is also hard-working and intelligent, and makes a wonderful companion for outdoorminded families, particularly those who like to swim! Training sessions for these quickminded dogs tend to work better if they’re kept short and interesting. Appearance 2 3-27” (58-69 cm) 65-80 lb (29.5-36.5 kg) Distinguished from other Retrievers by its uniquely textured, curly coat. Coat is water resistant and requires only occasional bathing and towelling after getting wet. Coat colour can be black or liver. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

legend Very minimal Minimal Average More than average Maximum

Retriever (Golden)


History In the mid to late 1800s, S.E. Shirley GCh. Makani’s Norwegian Wood, pictured winning produced a close-working gun dog he called a Group 4th and one of four BB in a weekend the Flat-Coated Retriever. Crossed from a to complete her GCh. She is a culmination of six variety of breeds such as Newfoundland, generations of Makani goldens and top producing US Labrador, Setter, Water Spaniel and Collie, dogs. Puppies from her two Covid litters are already the Flat-Coated Retriever became a popular making their mark in the show ring. Bred/Owned by show and working breed at the turn of the Betsey Ryan, Makani Meadows Reg’d century. Later interest in Labrador Retrievers and Golden Retrievers saw a History In the mid 1800s, the English decline in the breed, and many remaining preferred black Retrievers, but Sir Dudley Majoribanks decided to develop a goldendogs did not survive the two World Wars. coloured Wavy-Coated Retriever. He purchased Stanley O’Neill revived the breed in the a yellow Flat-Coated Retriever and bred it to 1960s. Today, the Flat-Coated Retriever the Tweed Water Spaniel, a now-extinct, curlyremains uncommon, though he is coated light-coloured breed. The resulting recognized as an effective sporting dog. dogs were then crossed to other light-coloured Efforts to maintain both type and working breeds such as Yellow Labradors, Red Setters traits allowed the breed to remain consistent and other Wavy-Coated Retrievers. In time, the through working and showing lines. “Golden Flat Coat” type was established, and in Personality Sometimes referred to as the 1920 renamed the Golden Retriever. Peter Pan of the dog world, the Flat-Coated Golden Retrievers came to North America Retriever has a puppy-like personality he in the 1920s and immediately gained a maintains throughout his life. He is a keen following. Golden Retrievers are one of and intelligent hunter who loves children the world’s most popular breeds, and and bonds closely to his family, preferring to frequently used as service dogs because of be around them as much as possible. The their kind and intelligent personalities. Flat-Coated Retriever is quick to learn and does very well in sports such as agility, flyball Personality Known worldwide for his easygoing nature, the Golden Retriever is said to or obedience. be born wanting to please. He is an intelligent Appearance 22-25” (56-62 cm) dog and one of the easiest to train. Energetic, 60-80 lb (27-37 kg) but not excitable, the Golden enjoys a good Moderate length coat, straight or slightly run and some games. He is wonderful with wavy, flat-lying, weather resistant. Feathering. children of all ages, and pets of all sizes. Black or liver colour. Appearance 20-24” (51-61 cm) Quick Facts 55-75 lb (25-34 kg) Exercise Requirements Straight or wavy, firm, dense water-resistant Grooming outercoat. Good undercoat. Neck ruff. NS Fleetwing Perm. Reg’d, Kathy Howland. Puppies available late 2022/early 2023. Quality Flat-Coated Retrievers since 1983. Breeder of top show and obedience dogs as well as super hunting dogs and family pets in Canada/US. Health tested/health guarantee. FB @Fleetwing FlatCoated Retrievers.

Various shades of gold and cream. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Blackpool Perm. Reg’d, Darryl Tuominen. We are 35 year members of the CKC and Golden Retriever Club of Canada. Our home raised pups are guaranteed for 3 years. They are also vet



History The Curly Coated Retriever is one of the oldest Retriever breeds. Known fondly as “the Curly” for his thick mass of tight curls, his ancestry is a bit unsure, though experts believe his background includes the St. John’s Newfoundland, the Old English Water Spaniel and the Poodle. The Curly gained popularity when hunters needed a working companion to find and retrieve the birds in the field, regardless of the conditions. He’s still recognized as an excellent gun and hunting dog, and is exceedingly popular in Australia and New Zealand.


Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Photo: Alice Van Kempen


checked, receive first vaccines, dewormed and sent home with 6 weeks of Pet Plus Us insurance ( or 4 weeks on Trupanion if the pup is sold to the U.S.) Parents are generations of very thoughtful breedings. Some are champions or Grand Champions but all have hips, elbows (done according to GRCC minimum of 2 years old) , heart and eyes (done yearly) and all DNA test available for The Golden Retriever breed. All parents have excellent temperaments and live in our house. Boys are offered at stud to cleared females of good character. Reservations are required, waiting list can be long. Visit our site for more information. www. (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) Makani Meadows Reg’d, Betsey Ryan. Breeding Goldens with a purpose for show and obedience but above all loving family companions. Thirty-five minutes north of Pearson Airport. Orangeville area. (519) 941-3170; (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement on page 127 and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)



This is Nova one of our pups now full grown. Her owner Cassie likes to try and teach her something new everyday. Nova’s parents are Cali and Cooper (RIP). Nova’s sister Maze, is at our kennel and gives us a beautiful litter once a year. Bred/Owned by Ken & Cathy Pellizzari, Goshen Ridge Reg’d.

History One of two breeds originating in North America, the Labrador is possibly descended from native dogs that interbred with those arriving in the 1600s with European fishing vessels. The Labrador is a hardy breed uniquely designed to withstand the difficult climate of Canada’s coastline. Smaller than the Newfoundland, the Labrador had excellent retrieving abilities, and became popular with waterfowl hunters worldwide. His type and talents were so desirable that the Labrador was used in many breeding programs, producing breeds such as the Flat-Coated, Chesapeake Bay and Golden Retrievers. Though the breed originated in Canada, the first Labrador Retrievers registered in Canada were found on the west coast, and were imported from the US and England. But the breed soon gained popularity in Canada and now stands as the most popular dog in the world. 128


Personality Perhaps a perfect family dog, the Labrador Retriever is known for his sensible, affectionate, even-tempered nature and his intelligence and willingness to please. He is highly trainable and excels in a wide range of sports. An energetic dog, the Labrador needs a good run to work off steam, as well as things to do to keep his mind occupied. He is friendly with other animals, and excellent with kids. Appearance 21-25” (54-62 cm) 55-80 lb (25-37 kg) Short, straight dense outercoat. Soft weather-resistant undercoat. Black, yellow, chocolate.

Goshen Ridge Reg’d, Ken & Cathy Pellizzari. Reg’d Breeders of quality black, chocolate, yellow & fox red Labrador Retrievers. Well temperamented for a family. Also great for hunting, agility, or fly ball. 565 Goshen Road, Tillsonburg, ON (519) 842-0960 Cathy’s cell: (519) 688-8815 Ken’s cell; goshenridgelabs@; (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement to the left.)


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Photo: Sandy Bruce

Retriever (Labrador)

Retriever (Golden)

BC Whiterobin Kennels, Cynthia White. All puppies come Canadian Kennel Club registered, 1st set of shots, dew claws done, de-wormed, microchipped, very well socialized, a health guarantee, and 6 weeks pet insurance. We are here for you, offering our support to provide you with our care and attention to assist you in raising a well mannered puppy which will become a well mannered adult dog. We offer LIFETIME return policy and LIFETIME support for you and your new family member. We are Premier members of the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC). Princeton, BC.;

History After observing the antics of foxes, hunters in Little River, Nova Scotia decided to breed a dog that could imitate this hunting style, called “tolling”. One fox would play by the water’s edge, drawing the curiosity of the geese, while another would hide in the brush, ready to pounce. The “Little River Duck Dog” worked in a similar way, fetching an object thrown by the hunter, ON who would hide in a blind. Dancing and BELLBROOKE LABRADORS Reg’d, CKC playing as he retrieved, the dog would registered Labradors. We breed Chocolate, attract the birds’ curiosity. The hunter would Black & Yellow. All puppies are veterinary health shoot once the birds were close enough, and inspected, vaccinated & microchipped. Written the dog would then retrieve them. health contract. Raised in our smoke-free home, socialized with our other dogs. Four generation pedigree. Excellent field and champions in bloodlines. Healthy, energetic pups. Highly motivated and very trainable. CKC member breeder with over 45 years experience. Adhering to the CKC Member Code of Ethics & the CKC Breeder Code of Practice. Reservations accepted in advance to approved homes and confirmed by deposit. Serious enquiries are invited. Located in Kawartha Lakes. Christine Handley. (705) 738-6716;; www.

Bred specifically to look like and imitate foxes, Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retrievers come from a combination of breeds including Flat-Coated Retrievers, Labrador Retrievers, Cocker Spaniels and Irish Setters. The breed is recognized as Nova Scotia’s Provincial Dog.

Personality Playful and exuberant, the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Dog loves to retrieve. He needs lots of exercise and a way to make use of his talents. At home, he is affectionate and devoted to his people. His Devonsleigh Kennels, Joanne Fernall. 1280 tolling ability is natural, though regular Webster Road, Norwood, ON (705) 639-1210; training is needed to enable him to become; a consistent hunting dog. Evenstar Labradors Reg’d, Jacklyn Hayhurst. Puppies are home-raised naturally, well socialized with a head start on learning experiences. Guaranteed. Our girls and puppies excel in Show, Obedience, and Field or as loving companions. Breeding stock is tested and cleared for hips, elbows, eyes,CNM, HNPK, EIC, DM. Fenwick, ON L0S 1C0. (905) 892-3012;;

Appearance 17-21” (43-54 cm) 37-51 lb (17-23 kg) Water-resistant, medium-length, moderately soft outercoat. Soft dense undercoat. Whiskers. Feathering. Various shades of red or orange. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

– See Rare Breed directory

Photo: Alice Van Kempen


History Roman soldiers travelling across Europe took their food along with them “on the hoof”. The herds were driven by huge Mastiffs. As cattle were eaten, or left at outposts, the dogs remained behind at drop points, one of which was the town of Rottweil in Germany. Roman Mastiffs and local dogs interbred, producing an imposing dog known as the German Butcher’s Dog, or Rottweiler. These dogs carted goods to market, then drove new purchases of cattle back home.

Improved methods of transportation such as the railroad made the Rottweiler’s job unnecessary, and the breed’s numbers dropped significantly. But the Rottweiler’s In the 1870s, Reverend Helm brought some reputation caught the interest of the of these dogs to Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) police and military in the 1900s and this where he continued to breed them as large association made the Rottweiler one of the game hunters. most popular breeds in North America. Personality Protective and brave, the Personality A well-bred Rottweiler is a calm, Rhodesian Ridgeback is fiercely loyal confident and courageous dog. He trusts his to his owner. He is good with children owner implicitly, and is highly dedicated to when socialized with them. He remains his family. Naturally cautious of strangers, an excellent hunter and excels at lure the Rottweiler remains on guard until shown coursing. Because he is an independent there is no danger to his family. When not thinker, he will benefit from training and on the alert, he is a mellow dog who is loving and playful and makes a superb companion. socialization at an early age. Good training and socialization make the Appearance 24-27” (61-69 cm) Rottweiler a pleasure to have around. His intelligence and trainability make him a fun 65-85 lb (29-39 kg) friend who excels in obedience, agility, cart Short, sleek, glossy, dense coat. Light pulling and many more active jobs. wheaten to red wheaten. Appearance 22-27” (56-69 cm) Quick Facts 92-110 lb (42-50 kg) Exercise Requirements Medium length, coarse dense outercoat. Grooming Black with rust to mahogany markings. MB Stalkmoor Perm Reg’d, Mrs MJ Apostle. Rhodesian Ridgebacks only since 1967. Home raised for loving and kind dispositions, gentle hearts and noble minds. Not selling for guard or hunting purposes. Approved homes only. Puppies occasionally. Stud service available. PO Box 28, Grp 319, RR 3, Selkirk, MB R1A 2A8. (204) 757-2876

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Windorff Reg’d. Proud Breeder of quality rottweilers since 1993. My breeding program focuses on temperament, health and conformation. Certified parents, written 2 yr guarantee on house raised puppies. Please contact Jackie Robson, Elmwood, ON. (519) 889-1755;;

History The Saluki is possibly the first breed ever domesticated by humans. Originating in Syria, it was imported to Egypt, Persia, India and Afghanistan. Its image has been found in tombs well over 5,000 years old. The name likely came from the Arabian town of Saluk, but may have an earlier origin with the Syrian town of Seleukia. The dog’s impressive speed made him a superlative hunter of fast game such as deer, fox, hare and gazelle. Considered a sacred gift of Allah, the Saluki could never be sold, only gifted. The Saluki came to Europe when Wilfred Jennings-Bramly obtained some from the Tahawi tribe in Northern Egypt. Despite his best efforts, the breed was not recognized by the Kennel Club until after the First World War, in 1923. Around the same time, several dogs were brought to North America, and the breed received recognition in 1927. Personality Dignified and independent, the Saluki has a deep affection for his people. Sensitive to noisy active children, the Saluki is best in a fairly quiet home. He is a true hunter and sighthound, and will chase any small prey that catches his eye. Daily runs in a safe high-fenced area are important to keep a Saluki happy. Appearance 23-28” (58-71 cm) 29-66 lb (13-30 kg) Feathered: smooth, soft silky coat with slight feathering on legs, back of thighs and tail. Smooth: same coat type, but no feathering. White, cream, fawn, golden, red, grizzle and tan, black and tan, tricolour or any variation of these colours. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming: Smooth Feathered


History The Rhodesian Ridgeback’s history begins in South Africa, where his ancestor, the Khoikhoi dog, was prized as a sighthound that could hold his own against large game. The symmetrical ridge of hair that grows back along the spine, giving the Ridgeback his name, came from these early sighthounds. As English emigrants came to South Africa, they crossed the native dogs with other breeds like Mastiffs, Bloodhounds and Pointers. No matter what breed was added, the ridge was predominant, and the Rhodesian Ridgeback was born. These large dogs were used both as hunters and protectors.



ROTTWEILER Photo: Stalkmoor Perm. Reg’d





UKC Ch. Snowybear’s Breaking Beau. Bred/Owned by Tina Gibson, Snowybear Perm. Reg’d. www.

History Born in the bitterest regions of Russia and Siberia, north of the Arctic Circle, the Samoyed was an irreplaceable hunter, herder, sled dog and companion to the Samoyede people. The Samoyed was a member of the family, and was allowed to live indoors when not herding reindeer or transporting people across the tundra. Europeans discovered this useful sled dog during their expeditions to the Arctic in the mid-1800s. In 1889, zoologist Ernest Kilburn-Scott spent time with the Samoyede people and took home several dogs, calling them Samoyeds. They quickly gained popularity with the nobility, and were prized by expeditionary forces. The first dogs to explore Antarctica were Samoyeds. Despite their cold weather heritage, Samoyeds adjust well to warmer climates. Personality Always a family dog, the Samoyed is wonderful with all his people, young and old. He is easy-going and affectionate. Though he will bark at strangers, he is too friendly to be much of a guard dog. He likes to play, and enjoys a daily run. While his thick coat makes him tolerant of cold weather, the Samoyed does not like to be left outdoors for long periods and prefers to be inside with his family. Appearance 18-24” (46-60 cm) 35-65 lb (16-30 kg) Long, harsh, stand-off weather-resistant outercoat. Short, thick, wooly undercoat. Neck ruff. White, biscuit, white and biscuit, cream.


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Snowybear Perm Reg’d. Home raised happy puppies. Sound temperaments, hardworking Samoyeds. All puppies vet checked. Breeding since 1986. 156 Cheapside Road, PO Box 135, Selkirk, ON N0A 1P0 (905) 776-2115;; (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.)




UKCGrCH/IntCH/MultiBIS Schapannro’s Q Quasi-Stellar TKN,CGC,TKI,ATD,RN. Quasar is a Schapendoes who can do it all including being a certified therapy dog. The judges’ comments include “beautiful, pretty movement & strong topline; sound structure & well muscled; gorgeous silhouette; and silly & animated attitude.” Bred by Anne & Robert Harvey, Schapannro Reg’d. Owned by Ellen Drewes-Stoen, Anne Harvey, Decorah, IA USA

History The hardworking Schapendoes has protected flocks in the Netherlands for hundreds of years, and enjoyed great popularity in the late 1800s and early 1900s. He is related to a variety of breeds in the sheepdog family, including the Bearded Collie, the Puli, and the Briard. After the First World War, Schapendoes numbers declined, but a Dutch inspector named P.M.C. Toepoel launched a campaign to resurrect the breed and by the 1930s interest in breeding the Schapendoes increased. In the 1940s, the Schapendoes made his first appearance in the show ring, which demonstrated that this breed could be reliable and durable in a variety of situations. Personality The Schapendoes is a loyal, intelligent breed that exudes friendliness and kindness to all that he meets. His high energy level is channeled into playful antics and he excels at agility sports, such as running and jumping over obstacles. He has a jovial personality, which makes him a friend to all, and his versatility makes him a good dog for a number of activities. The Schapendoes’ devoted nature and herding instincts means that he can be a good watchdog without being aggressive. He is fantastic in the show ring, hardworking on the farm, and affectionate in the home.

Providing health guarantees and unlimited support to our puppies’ families. Vet checked with the first vaccination and micro-chipped. Crate trained and CKC registered. Proud member of the CKC and Schapendoes Club of Canada. Visitors are always welcomed. . (905) 936-5986; messyhair@rogers. com; SchapAnnRo Reg’d, Anne & Robert Harvey. Breeder of quality, home-raised, well-socialized puppies; selectively bred for temperament, health, trainability and structure. Exclusively breeding Schapendoes for 20 years. Great companions for first-time owners or experienced competitors. Willing to try any activity including agility, rally, dock diving, barn hunt, herding and therapy but most importantly family companions. Puppies are temperament tested, structurally assessed and crate trained; available to approved homes with health guarantee and lifetime breeder support. Visitors welcome. Reservations recommended. Amaranth, ON L9V 1M3. (416) 420-3425 or (416) 347-7796;; annbert@; (See Breed Ambassador Advertisement to the left.)


The Schipperke is a happy, active dog. Pictured, is Island West’s Friday the Thirteenth at 12 months old. Thirteen is active in agility, disk, rally obedience, and well on her way to her show championship.

History The Schipperke has existed within the Flemish provinces of Belgium for hundreds of years. Whether the breed hailed from an old breed of black Belgian Sheepdog called the Leauvenarr or from the northern Spitz-type dogs is still debated. The Schipperke’s original purpose was to clear farms, factories, and Appearance 15.5-20” (40-51 cm) homes of rats, which earned them the name 26.5-55 lbs (12-25 kg) “Spitske” (little Spits). Quite successful at this Slightly wavy, long, thick outercoat task, Schipperkes moved from land to water, with sufficient undercoat. Top knot, moustache, and beard. Fur sometimes where they took care of vermin on boats and barges. By the 1880s, that earned them the gathers in tufts. All colours. new name – the Schipperke – which means Quick Facts “little captain.” The Schipperke became a Exercise Requirements popular pet in Belgium after Queen Marie Grooming Henriette acquired one at a dog show in 1885. ON Messy Hair Kennel Reg’d, Chari O’Leary. Selective breeding from Canadian and European Championship lines. Parents are OFA Hips/ Elbows/Hearts and CAER tested. Lovingly home raised for companions, conformation, and performance; temperament tested pups placed in approved homes (Reservations recommended).

Personality A loyal family dog, the Schipperke is active, agile and continually occupied with what is going on around him. While he is kind with children, his excellent watchdog skills make the Schipperke wary of strangers. He has a high energy level, which can be satisfied in the city with frequent visits to the dog park or long walks. He’s also a great farm dog, since he gets


History The Giant Schnauzer may seem a larger copy of the Standard and Miniature Schnauzer, but each breed has its own unique origins. Giant Schnauzers originally come from the mountains of Bavaria and were primarily cattle drovers. Their ancestry is mixed, likely stemming from Great Danes, Bouviers des Flandres and various other droving and shepherd dogs of the time. Mostly found around Munich, he was a popular farm dog from the 15th century until the arrival of railroads made him obsolete. Butchers in town took a liking to the large protective dogs and they became guardians of butcher shops and pubs. Around this time, the breed was crossed with the Standard Schnauzer and called the Munich Schnauzer, later renamed the Giant Schnauzer.


Bluechip Perm. Reg’d., Olga Gagne. Breeding for health, temperament and correct breed characteristics. Bluechip Giants are loving family companions, devoted guardians, and wonderful breed ambassadors. They are intelligent, versatile, and beautiful conformation champions. Parent are health tested. Puppies are wormed, microchipped, vaccinated, and health guaranteed. They are ready to become happy members of your family! (905) 262-4682;; Draca Reg’d., Joni Porthouse. Home of BISS Ch Bluechip Vialla Siluth. Fully testedpups across Canada to happy families. Outstanding temperaments. Limited breeding to champion tested sires only. Sili will have only one last litter expected spring 2023. Health guarantee and a life time of support. (905) 651-2879;

No longer needed for farm work, the Miniature Schnauzer’s good looks and pleasant personality made him a desirable and popular indoor pet. An ideal companion, he wants to be included in everything that goes on. Personality A bright and charming dog, the Miniature Schnauzer is a devoted companion who gets along with children and other dogs. He is fearless and alert and makes an excellent non-aggressive watchdog. He is friendly and easy to socialize. Regular exercise is important to keep this active fellow occupied. The Miniature Schnauzer is easy to train and enjoys activities such as obedience and agility. Appearance 12-14” (30-36 cm) 9-18 lb (4-8 kg) Hard wiry outercoat. Soft close undercoat. Beard and moustache. Salt and pepper, black and silver, black.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Magisterial Giant Schnauzers Reg’d. At Grooming Magisterial, we provide a life-enhancing experience. Our Giant Schnauzer puppies are well socialized, highly intelligent, and joyful. They have stunning conformation, are extremely healthy, temperament tested, and arrive home eager to learn! Your new family member has been raised in luxury and given nothing but the very best during their crucial first 8 weeks of life. Magisterial Giant Schnauzer puppies come home with our exclusive 5-year health guarantee and will provide immeasurable amounts of joy, love, and magic! (613) 453-1773; adam@magisterialkennels. com; (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

ON Dachari Perm. Reg’d, Melodie & Mary Gault. Our puppies are born and raised in our home, and are well socialized. We have breeding and showing for over 20 yrs, and have produced many Champions. Health and temperament is our priority. (613) 2850105;; MB Oak Valley Schnauzers, Roger Main. 40 Years raising Minis with Exclusive bloodlines selectively bred for companions and therapy dogs. All colours, some with smaller size, superior colour. Many of my minis live well into their teens. Generations of repeat customers. My Minis aren’t just pets, thats’ what they are bred to be. Health guarantee. Vet References and Naturally Reared. Box 268, Oak Lake MB R0M 1P0. (204) 855-2844. Phone for pictures



certified clear stock. Our dogs do well in Obedience & Shows, but most of all, are loving family companions. 8676 Hwy 9, Tottenham, ON L0G 1W0. (416) 441-3724 Cell;;

Schnauzer (Miniature)

along well with larger animals such as horses Because of their size and bravery, Giant SCHNAUZER (MINIATURE) (though he’ll chase smaller animals such as Schnauzers became staunch defenders rabbits). Eager to please and intelligent, the in both World Wars. Schipperke is very adaptable and easy to train. Personality Big, bold and full of spirit, Appearance 10-13” (25.5-33 cm) the Giant Schnauzer takes his job 12-19 lb (5.5-8.5 kg) seriously. At the same time, he is loyal Black double-coat, with soft undercoat and and loving with his family. Intelligent harsh, dense outercoat. Neck ruff and perky and energetic, he needs a job to keep ears. Usually all black, medium-length fur. him happy and thrives on activities such as flyball, agility and obedience. He is Quick Facts Exercise Requirements a natural protector, and needs careful Grooming socialization and training at a young History The only Schnauzer breed classified as age. a terrier, the Miniature Schnauzer worked on BC farms where he was responsible for reducing rat Island West Reg’d, Sharon Medforth. We love our Appearance 23-28” (60-70 cm) populations. The breed was created in Germany 75-104 lb (34-47 kg) schipperkes and we know you will too. Breeding in the late 1800s when fanciers of the Standard for show and pet. Please visit our web site at ‘Island Harsh, wiry dense outercoat. Soft Schnauzer desired a smaller dog of similar type. West Schipperkes’ to learn more about our dogs. undercoat. Beard and moustache. Solid By crossing the Standard Schnauzer with (250) 667-3878;; http:// (See our black, salt and pepper. Dark mask in salt Miniature Pinschers, Wire Fox Terriers, and pepper colour. Affenpinschers and small Poodles, they were Breed Ambassador Advertisement on page 130.) able to maintain the Schnauzer type in a smaller Quick Facts size while adding the desired ratting traits. ON Exercise Requirements Unlike many terrier breeds, the Miniature Armstrong-Purnell Janice & Murray Purnell, Schnauzer did not go to ground when hunting, Sanhedrin Reg’d. Quality home raised puppies Grooming but dispatched his prey above ground. from sound, health champion & obedience OFA


History This hearty dog is the oldest of the Schnauzer breeds, hailing from as far back as 14th century Germany. A working dog, the Standard Schnauzer’s primary purpose was to guard carts on the way to market, and serve as a multi-purpose farm dog. He became known for his speed and intelligence when herding livestock, and a keen sense of smell that was ideal for hunting vermin.



-See Deerhound (Scottish)

History Small, feisty dogs have helped Scottish highlanders root out prey for centuries. An old breed, the Scottish Terrier is likely descended from the “earth dogs”, written about by Pliny the Elder in 55 BC. The “Scottie” shares bloodlines with the Cairn Terrier and The breed was brought to North America West Highland White Terrier, but his after the end of World War I. At that point, exact origin remains unknown. he was still known as the Wire-haired In the late 1870s, the Scottish Terrier Pinscher due to his distinctive, wiry coat –travelled outside his native Scotland. perhaps a result of being crossed with other Soon the little powerhouse was valued as coarse-haired breeds like the grey Wolfspitz a method of pest control on many English and black German Poodle. But by the 20th farms. A decade later, breed criterion century, he was largely recognized for his was established and the Scottish Terrier distinguished “schauze” – the German word gained popularity for his distinguished for snout – and became the Schnauzer as looks and loyal companionship. In the he’s known today. U.S., President Roosevelt’s dog “Fala” Personality While this breed is still captured public attention throughout the valued for his robust nature, he makes a Depression and WWII. loyal family companion who thrives in a Personality The Scottish Terrier’s variety of lifestyles. Energetic and highly nickname, “Diehard”, captures the breed’s intelligent, the Schnauzer loves to be part courage and tenacity. The bold and of the action and prefers to be surrounded independent “Scottie” makes a loyal family by all members of his family. His patience companion and is good with children who and sense of humour make him a good respect his space. He is bright and willing companion for children, so long as they’re to please, so positive training can shape taught to respect his space. It is best to train him into an excellent watchdog, show dog, Schnauzers from a young age to direct their earthdog competitor or simply a valued natural confidence. member of the family. Appearance 17-20” (43-51 cm) Appearance 10-11” (25.5-28 cm) 35-45 lb (15-21 kg) 18-22 lb (8-10 kg) Dense, wiry outer coat with softer undercoat Hard, wiry outer coat in black, grey, brindle, and prominent eyebrows and beard. Solid or wheaten. black or pepper and salt. Quick Facts Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Exercise Requirements Grooming Grooming

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Schnauzer (Standard)


History While seeking the “perfect terrier” for his estate in Pembrokeshire, Wales, Captain John Edwards created the Sealyham Terrier. The dog was fast enough to keep up with hounds on the hunt, small enough to go to ground after badgers, brave enough to face whatever prey he might encounter, and white in colour so the hounds wouldn’t mistake him as their prey. Edwards spent four decades during the 1800s putting together his terrier, using Dandie Dinmont Terriers, Wire Fox Terriers, West Highland White Terriers, Corgis and even Bassets. The breed’s popularity soared in the 20s and 30s, when the Sealyham became the “must have” dog of Hollywood celebrities. Famous people like Humphrey Bogart, Elizabeth Taylor and Alfred Hitchcock sported Sealyhams. Personality Despite being a brave and tenacious hunter, the Sealyham Terrier is quite a low-key fellow. He is proud and self-confident, secure of his place in the world. A bit of a clown, he loves to entertain his owners. Appearance 10-12” (25-31 cm) 17-25 lb (8-11.5 kg) Long, hard wiry outercoat. Soft, dense weather-resistant undercoat. All white with lemon or badger pied markings on head and ears. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

legend Very minimal Minimal Average More than average Maximum





History The name “setter” comes from the practice of “setting”. This game bird hunting style involved the dog stealthily creeping up on and indicating the location of his prey for his master to cast a net upon it. Sometimes the net covered the dog as well, so the English Setter’s ability to “lie low” prevented him from getting tangled in the net.

Setter (Irish)


History The Gordon Setter is a descendant of the setting spaniels that were popular in 15th century Scotland. The black and tan setting dogs were crossed with local dogs to create unique breeds that were suitable for the harsh Scottish terrain. It was the Fourth Duke of Gordon, Alexander, who set the foundation for the Gordon Setter. His kennel dogs became excellent bird hunting As this working breed’s name indicates, dogs, since they had the ability to stealthily the English Setter has been used all over track and alert hunters to the location of the U.K. since the 1300s, although it’s birds without startling the birds into flight. believed to be a descendant of the Spanish In the mid-1800s, two direct descendants of land spaniel. In the 19th century, Edward the Duke of Gordon’s kennels came to Laverack, and later Purcell Llewellin, North America and the development of the created breeding programs that led to breed was refined. the development of the English Setter as Personality Both patient and adventurous, we know him today on both sides of the the Gordon Setter has all the makings Atlantic – a skilled, elegant-looking gun of a good family dog. His loyal qualities dog who’s a winner in the show ring as make him a decent guard dog, but he is well as at field trials. The breed’s keen also gentle and affectionate. While he is in scenting abilities made him a top choice his element when on hunting excursions, for this purpose. hiking, long walks, and swimming will also Personality Despite their history as keep him happy. He also enjoys sports, but is hunters, English Setters are friendly, known more for his stamina than his speed. affectionate and mild-mannered. They Training and socialization can be quite enjoy playing with children, make good enjoyable with Gordon Setters, since they household companions, and are willing tend to be well-mannered and sensible.

History The origin of setters in Ireland is uncertain. As the breed gained popularity in the early 19th century, Irish Setters came in combinations of red and white. Occasionally, a puppy would be born with an all-red coat. When breed showing became popular in the mid-1800s, the flashy all-red colouring caught people’s attention, and breeders soon sought to focus on type. They cut out the red and white colouring and founded the Irish Red Setter Club in 1882.

to please. The English setter loves to run and hunt, and may become a digger and a roamer if allowed free rein. Adequate exercise and plenty of outdoor time will help satisfy his energetic nature, and will help shape him into a well-behaved and adaptable house dog.

Appearance 21-27” (54-69 cm) 60-75 lb (27-34 kg)

Flat, silky, relatively long coat with feathering. Colouring can range from white mixed with black, orange, lemon or liver, but can also be solid white or tri-colour. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Soft coat is either straight or slightly wavy. Shiny black fur with tan markings. Long, soft ears. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Personality A playful happy-go-lucky fellow, the Irish Setter is an upbeat companion whose brilliant red coat is sure to turn heads. He is friendly to all he meets, and always enthusiastic. He has a short attention span, and does best with short training sessions. He needs a lot of exercise to keep him happy. Given his hunting roots, the Irish Setter enjoys active sports like agility, and remains an excellent bird dog.

Moderate length, straight flat coat with feathering. Rich chestnut or mahogany red with no trace of black. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


Appearance 24-27” (61-64 cm) 50-70 lb (22.5-31.5 kg)

Appearance 23-27” (58.5-68.5 cm) 45-80 lb (20.5-36.5 kg)

All-red Irish Setters were very popular in their native Ireland, and in North America where they were excellent gun dogs. In recent history, breeders have returned their emphasis to the qualities that made the Irish Setter a successful birding dog.

A dog is the only thing on earth that loves you more than he loves himself. – Josh Billings, author


History The Setter is a specialized birdhunting dog that flushes prey then remains still so the hunter can shoot the birds without risk of shooting his dog. Irish Setters were developed in the early 1800s when gun-hunting became popular. The original breed was mostly red and white with the odd all-red dog born in a litter. As showing became popular, the all-red colour came into vogue, and the red and white dogs nearly became extinct. Irish hunters preferred working with the red and white dogs because they were easily seen. Several breeders maintained Irish Red and White Setters, with a focus on working characteristics rather than colour. Today, nearly all Irish Red and White Setters are steadily gaining popularity around the world. Personality The Irish Red and White Setter is a happy-go-lucky fellow, bursting with energy. He loves the great outdoors, and his high-spirited nature makes him a fun and exciting dog to be around. He needs consistent training, in short bursts suited to his short attention span, and opportunities to burn off his energy. Appearance 22-26” (57-66 cm) 50-75 lb (22-34 kg) Long, straight, silky fine coat with feathering. White with solid red patches. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


Photo: Alice Van Kempen


Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Setter (Irish Red and White)


ON Harrison, Gail & Leslie, Caniscaeli Reg’d. Knowledgeable, experienced breeders emphasizing health and good temperament to produce excellent family companions. Homeraised puppies have excelled in conformation, field and obedience. Inquiries welcomed. RR #3, Mitchell, ON N0K 1N0 Telephone (519) 348-8267;;



History The Shiba Inu is the smallest Japanese Spitz-type breed. Bred as a hunter of small game, he would be sent out to flush, run and hold game until the hunter arrived for the kill. While usually used to hunt rabbits, grouse and wild boar, there are accounts of Shiba Inu hunting bear and deer. The breed’s name comes from the Japanese words for “small” At first, there was a lot of variety in these (shiba) and “dog” (inu). dogs, but in the early 1900s James Loggie standardized the Shetland dog’s type, In 1928, the Nihon Ken Hozonkai, or adding in Collie blood. He introduced the Nippon, was founded to register and dog in 1906 as the “Shetland Collie”, but preserve native Japanese dog breeds. It when Collie breeders objected, the dog was recognized the Shiba Inu as a “national monument” in 1936 – a distinctly renamed the Shetland Sheepdog. Japanese dog requiring preservation. Personality A lively and intelligent The devastation wracked on Japan during fellow, the Shetland Sheepdog, or Sheltie, World War II decimated the dogs. After makes a fun family companion who excels the war, the Japanese gathered dogs from in obedience, agility and other similar all over the country in an effort to rebuild sports. He is a gentle dog who is attached its native breeds. The Shiba Inu arrived in to his family, though is reserved with North America in the late 1900s. strangers. Early socialization is important Personality With an independent cat-like to prevent shyness. personality, the Shiba Inu is affectionate Appearance 13-16” (33-41 cm) and playful, yet reserved with strangers. He 14-27 lb (6-12 kg) is vocal and makes a good watchdog, and Long, straight harsh outercoat. Short, furry can make a fun and enjoyable companion. dense undercoat. Mane. Black, blue merle, Appearance 13-17” (34-42 cm) shades of sable, all with various degrees of 17-23 lb (7.5-11 kg) white and/or tan. Straight stiff outercoat. Soft thick undercoat. Quick Facts Red, black and tan, sesame. Exercise Requirements Quick Facts Grooming Exercise Requirements ON Grooming History Natives of the sparsely-vegetated Shetland Islands bred small hardy miniature cattle, dwarf sheep and Shetland Ponies. Since they didn’t require large dogs to maintain their herds, they selectively bred King Charles Spaniels, Yakki dogs from Greenland, and Scandinavian Spitz-type dogs to produce a small sturdy herder.

Sharls Shelties Reg’d. Top quality CKC reg’d. championship bloodlines. Bred for show, performance, and companionship. Happy, Intelligent, Home-raised puppies. Vet checked, microchip, health guarantee, occasionally for sale. All inquiries welcomed. Sharon MacLean, 607 Dorchester Drive, Oshawa, ON. Phone: (905) 728-1352 or;


SHIKOKU A variety of colours to choose from. From healthy champion bloodlines. Bred by Kissezandkibblez, Owned by Maria Almeida.

History These little dogs came to be known as “lion dogs” or Shih Tzu. They came to China in the 7th century, where the breed was highly prized by the court. In the late 1800s, the Dowager Empress T’zu His took an interest in the breed, crossing it with the Pekinese and History A medium-sized breed that existed creating the breed type we know today. in ancient times, the Shikoku hunted deer In the 1920s, Lady Brownrigg brought a and boar on the smallest and leastpair of Shih Tzu home to England from populated of Japan’s four islands. In this a visit to China. A few dogs were exported isolated, mountainous region, Shikoku abroad until 1940, when the Communist bloodlines remained pure. This Spitz type takeover of China closed the borders to new is so rare and treasured that in 1937, the bloodlines. Only seven dogs and bitches Japanese government declared the breed were available for breeding; they are the “a national monument”. founders of all existing Shih Tzu. The Shih Tzu is now one of the most popular toy Personality The Shikoku is alert, tough and energetic – yet owners say he possesses breeds in the world. a certain innocence. Calm indoors, Personality Used to being a dog of nobility, especially around his family, he needs the Shih Tzu is a friendly, loving animal an active outdoor life. The Shikoku does who can be a happy lap dog one moment, have a tendency to dominance, so early and a playful companion the next. Despite socialization is required. A fenced yard his small size, he is sturdy and does well provides safety for this unique dog, who, with children. after all, has running in his genes. Appearance 8-11” (20-28 cm) Appearance 18-20.5” (46-52 cm) 9-16 lb (4-7.5 kg) 40-60 lb (18-27 kg) Long, flowing luxurious outercoat. Dense Known for his “sesame-coloured”, harsh good undercoat. All colours permissible. outer coat. Quick Facts Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Exercise Requirements Grooming Grooming BC Ovations Reg’d. Selective breeding of top champion bloodlines to produce superior companion and show puppies with excellent temperament and conformation. Veterinarian examined. Written agreement and after sale support. Surrey, BC. (604) 541-2747; Cell (778) 885-4353; NB Calvary Kennel Reg’d. Our puppies are home raised with children. We have a variety of colours to choose from. From healthy champion bloodlines. Shipping and delivery available. – Moncton, NB. (506) 756-8481;; (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.)

SHILOH SHEPHERD - See Rare Breed Directory


Siberian Husky


History The nomadic Chukchi people of Siberia needed durable dogs capable of pulling sleds or hunting reindeer. Because food was scarce, these sled dogs not only needed great endurance but had to be small enough not to require a lot of nourishment. Known as the Siberian Chukchi, they were first brought to North America in 1909. The Siberian Husky came to the world’s notice thanks to Leonhard Seppala, who with his dog team, delivered serum 600 miles to Nome, Alaska in the winter of 1925, narrowly averting an outbreak of diphtheria. Seppala toured the United States with his famed dogs, including team leader Balto, who has a statue in New York’s Central Park. During his tour, Balto entered several races and proved the Siberian Husky’s superiority. Since then, the breed has remained popular in North America. Personality Bred to live and work in a team, the Siberian Husky does not like to be left alone. He is loving and friendly, playful as a puppy, yet dignified as he matures. With his great endurance, the Siberian Husky requires regular exercise. He is a bit of an escape artist, and requires a securely fenced yard to run in. Historically expected to help earn his own keep, he is an effective hunter of small prey and may not be safe around smaller pets like cats. Appearance 20-34” (51-60 cm) 35-60 lb (16-27 kg) Medium length, straight soft outercoat. Soft dense undercoat. All colours from black to white. Various markings on the head are common. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Okiok Reg’d, Carol Lindsay. Quality pups, adults. Colour choices. Over 50 years selectively breeding intelligent companions to put love in your life. Socialized, gentle temperament, great conformation, longevity. Training started. Dams and sires on site. Females bred only occasionally. Available for the life of your dog for advice. To caring, permanent, responsible homes. Stud service. All-breed boarding facility, in-floor heat. Private boarding cattery, lots of TLC! Pet shop for all your canine, feline and equine needs. Near Grand Bend. 35619 Salem Rd., RR 8, Parkhill, ON (519) 294-0494



ON Chopin Reg’d, Sandra Veitch. We breed our CKC champions in our home to produce well-socialized puppies that come with a health guarantee. Vet checked, shots and microchipped, as well as CKC, registered. London, ON (519) 474-4387;

Photo: Okiok Reg’d


Silky Terrier



McCartney Ron, Ultrasound Reg’d. Happy, healthy well-socialized puppies. Focused on Health Testing and Temperament. To approved homes only. Breeder of CKC registered Purebred dogs for 47 years. Reasonable prices. RR 4, Owen Sound, ON N4K 5N6. Home (519) 794-3456; Cell (226) 668-6031;;


History: This breed originated in Australia in the early 1800s, and is a mixture of the Australian and Yorkshire terrier, although the Dandie Dinmont, Cairn and Skye terriers may also figure in the Silky’s ancestry. Two separate standards initially resulted in two names – the Sydney Silky terrier and the Victorian Silky – but a single standard was adopted in 1959 and the breed became known as the Silky Terrier. Bred as a companion dog, he’s also skilled at killing vermin. He was brought to North America by WWII soldiers serving in Australia.

Rathdrum Wheatens, “Pink.” First sight of the Atlantic. Champion European lines combining loving temperament with genetic soundness. Rathdrum Wheatens, Maureen Marinelli, Niagara-on-the-Lake,ON L0S 1J0

History As Ireland’s poor man’s hunting dog, the Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier was an effective ratter, herder, hunter and watch dog. In the early 19th century the breed was so common it was considered beneath notice. Because of its lowly heritage, no one took interest in the breed until the 1930s, when a group of fanciers formed a breed club. The dog was initially called the Irish Wheaten Terrier, but the club decided the name was too similar to Irish Terrier, and changed it to Soft-Coated Personality Because he was bred to Wheaten Terrier. The dogs were first be a household pet, the Silky Terrier presented at breed shows in their natural is affectionate, playful and friendly, coats, only to receive derisive comments though he isn’t known as a lapdog. He’s that they looked like “walking haystacks”. intelligent, alert, curious and lively, can It was consequently decided to “top and occasionally be mischievous and vocal, tidy” their coats into the trim now seen in and may get into trouble if left on his the show ring. The Soft-Coated Wheaten own too long. The Silky is good with Terrier did not gain recognition in North kids, but doesn’t like to be teased. America until the 1970s. Appearance 9 -10” (23-25 cm) Personality Quieter than many smaller 8-10 lb (3.5-4.5 kg) terriers, the Wheaten is enthusiastic Coat is long, flat, lustrous, fine and silky and obedient. He loves kids, though his (hence the name), with a topknot. Blue with energetic nature makes him a better match tan markings. for older children. He bonds strongly to his family and makes a good watchdog. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Appearance 17-19” (43-48 cm) Grooming 30-40 lb (14-18 kg)


Very minimal Minimal Average More than average Maximum



Soft, silky, waved abundant coat. Any shade of wheaten. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Rathdrum Wheatens, Maureen Marinelli. Happy, home-raised puppies from champion European lines noted for health. Breeding on a small, select scale. Thorough health testing of parents and pups. Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON L0S 1J0. (905) 327-7722;; (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

BIS, MBISS, AM/CDN GCH ALADDIN’S SIRIUS BLAK N TAN. Sirius is a Best in Show, Multi Best In Specialty Show Winner who is both Stunning and Correct! Bred/Owned by Carol Edwards, Aladdin Reg’d.

History When Cocker Spaniels were imported to North America from England, breeders began to select for a different type of dog, choosing smaller animals with more leg and a shorter body. By the 1930s, the two breed types had become so different they were split. The original type was called the English Cocker Spaniel, and the new one the American Cocker Spaniel (or just Cocker Spaniel in the US). Because he was both an excellent family dog and useful hunter’s companion, the Cocker Spaniel’s popularity soared. As demand increased, many unscrupulous breeders sprung up and the breed suffered from temperamental and constitutional problems. Dedicated breeders worked to promote and maintain sound breeding practices, preserving a true breed type and temperament. The breed remains popular to this day. Personality A well bred American Cocker Spaniel has a sweet easy-going temperament. He is happy, trusting and intelligent, easy to train and good at a range of dog sports like agility, flyball and obedience. He is big enough to enjoy long walks, swims and hikes, yet small enough to be portable when travelling. After enjoying some exercise, the American Cocker Spaniel is happy to sit back and relax. Appearance 13-15” (33-38 cm) 15-30 lb (7-14 kg) Medium length, silky, flat or wavy outercoat. Undercoat adequate for protection. Ears, chest, abdomen, legs well feathered.



Spaniel (Clumber)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming BC Aladdin Reg’d. Breeders of quality black, black/tan and buff American Cocker Spaniels for Performance, Pet or Show. All breeding dogs are health tested OFA (eyes, hips and patellas) and PRA-prcd clear. Carol Edwards (250) 545-5269;; http:// (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement on page 136.) ON Brinlook Reg’d, Doug Batty. American Cocker Spaniels. All colours but chocolate. Home raised. Top-quality, long history of cockers. Puppies available occasionally. Aylmer, ON. N5H 3E8 (Box 405), (226) 2680405;

History Developed in the Brittany region of France, the first Brittany dogs were recorded in the town of Pontou in the mid-1800s, and were used for hunting and retrieving birds. Small and naturally bobtailed, the Brittany’s stocky, compact frame and vigorous hunting CASA Reg’d, Cathy Sager. Breeder of ability made him one of the most popular adorable black, black/tan, chocolate or buff hunting dogs in France. The breed type puppies. Proud of our excellent quality and wasn’t settled until 1908. In spite of temperament. Home raised with lots of love. being called a “spaniel”, the Brittany functions more like a small setter or (519) 449-5345, pointer. Indeed, the AKC has removed Countrydream’s Reg’d. Cindy Bousfield. “spaniel” from the breed’s name.

History There are several theories about the origins of the Clumber Spaniel, but what we know for certain is that this breed was popular amongst 18th Century English nobility. The Clumber Spaniel was imported either from Spain or from France, and became a favourite of princes, kings, and dukes as a game fowl hunter. The breed earned its name from Clumber Park, which was an estate owned by the English Duke of Newcastle who was quite fond of this Spaniel. Some early ancestors of the Clumber may have been the Basset Hound and the Alpine Spaniel.

Well socialized puppies and adults, health and temperament guaranteed, SLT yearly. Selectively bred, Champion bloodlines from American/ Canadian lines. Home raised puppies with love. Cayuga, ON (905) 772-3538;; http://

Personality Slow but steady wins the race. The Clumber Spaniel is a good family dog who has good endurance, but likes to take his time. He spreads out his stamina rather than maintaining a high level of energy. This breed is sweet, affectionate, and mellow and is content to stroll along or lounge with his family. He also loves to swim, and his retriever instincts make him great at playing fetch. Bred to be a working and and champion show dogs with friendly, sporting dog, the Clumber Spaniel is affectionate, happy personalities, intelligence Personality An excellent hunter who happiest when he is enjoying the great and excellent health. Puppies occasionally. loves the outdoors, the Brittany Spaniel outdoors. He sometimes may require is a delightful fellow, quite happy to VUmpleby@; (647) 388-5398 socialization training with strangers relax once his work is done. He settles because he can be protective but his in well with family activities, and loves to intelligence and mild manners makes be around his people. With a keen mind all training easy. He responds especially HERE’S A LIST OF and desire to please, the Brittany Spaniel well to a gentle approach. is easy to train. He is a happy dog who is MUST-HAVES FOR always ready to have fun and be part of Appearance 17-20” (43-51 cm) 55-85 lb (25-38.5 kg) his people’s lives. YOUR NEW PUP! When the Brittany Spaniel came to North America in the 1930s, hunters preferred a lighter-bodied dog with a longer leg. Over time, American and French breeding stock differed enough in shape and hunting style that some clubs now separate the two and consider them different breeds. American Nonnies Cockers Perm. Reg’d, Vickie & Brittany Spaniels are discouraged from Dave Umpleby Breeding beautiful American having the black colouring acceptable in cockers since 1980. Wonderful family pets French Brittanys.


Appearance 17.5-20.5” (44-52 cm) 30-40 lb (13-19 kg)

Medium-length coat is silky, straight, and dense. Well-feathered around legs and chest. Primarily white with orange or lemon Dense, flat or wavy coat. Feathering. markings. Freckles are common. Liver and white, orange and white, tricolour (liver and white with orange Quick Facts markings). Markings may be clear or Exercise Requirements roan. May have ticking. French lines Grooming may be black and white. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming






History Described in 1677 as dogs with “active feet, wanton tail, and busy nostrils”, the term “spaniel” became a common name for bird-hunting dogs originating in Spain. These avid hunters spread across Europe. By 1800, spaniels had been divided into land and water spaniels, with their specific names deriving from their jobs. At first, many types might be born from the same litter, and were selected by size. The smallest were called Cocker Spaniels for their ability to hunt small fowl such as woodcock. The breed type was not set until the late 1800s.

History Early spaniels were named according to their size and the jobs they did. The smallest were Cocker Spaniels, mid-sized were Field Spaniels, and the largest were Springer Spaniels. All three sizes could be born in the same litters, and sometimes dogs would change types as they outgrew their old standards. This proved confusing at times, and in the late 1800s the three types were separated and interbreeding banned.


Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Spaniel (English Cocker)



History Water spaniels have been used in Ireland for centuries to retrieve waterfowl felled by hunters. In the 1930s, Irishman Justin McCarthy bred his dog Boatswain, a typical southern Irish Water Spaniel, in what was either an effort to resurrect a dying breed that had existed since the early 16th century, or create a new breed of Irish Water Spaniel, utilizing a variety of bloodlines he kept secret all his life. Likely prospects for this breeding program included Poodle/Barbet type dogs and Portuguese Water Dogs. The resulting The English Springer Spaniel was officially breed remained remarkably true to type, and named a breed in 1902. Breeders brought completely distinct from other dogs. it to North America in 1907, where it faced difficult competition with pre-existing The Irish Water Spaniel is an excellent pointers and setters. Interest in the breed waterfowl hunter, with fanciers in both his increased in 1922 when the English Springer native Ireland and North America. With a Spaniel Field Trial Association was founded. unique water-resistant coat that keeps him warm even in the coldest conditions, and Over time, a division between field-bred webbed toes that allow him to swim with and show-bred lines developed; stronger great efficiency, he is a true water dog. working instincts and more white coverage Although not highly popular, he has a are typical of working lines. strong following as a proficient hunter and

The Cocker Spaniel came to North America in the 1870s. While breeders continued to select for sporting ability, over time some chose to breed for a smaller shorter-legged type, while others chose to maintain the British type. Eventually, the two styles of Cocker Spaniel were so differentiated that separate registries were required by 1940. Breeders of English Personality Thanks to their similar heritage, Cocker Spaniels selected for taller lighter- the English Springer Spaniel is much like the English Cocker Spaniel in personality. He is coated dogs that retain their hunting instincts. happy and easy-going, a quick learner, and Personality Happy and easy to get along deeply bonded to his family. He loves to swim with, the English Cocker Spaniel loves to do and play, and is sure to end up wet if a pond or just about anything. Whether it’s going for a puddle can be found. With regular exercise, long walk or taking a bath, he’s happy as long the Springer is ready to relax at home, as his person is there. He likes to retrieve enjoying a comfy snooze on his bed. Because and is a quick study. Many English Cocker of his deep family bond, the English Springer Spaniel does not like to be left alone at home. Spaniels excel in dog sports and games like Appearance 19-20” (48-51 cm) obedience, rally, agility and flyball. 40-50 lb (18-23 kg) Appearance 15-17” (38-43 cm) Medium-length, straight water-resistant 26-34 lb (12-16 kg) outercoat. Short, soft dense undercoat. Medium-length, flat or slightly wavy, silky Moderate feathering. Black and white, liver double coat. Well feathered. Various colours and white, tricolour (liver or black and white including: black, red, liver, golden, black with tan), blue or liver roan. and tan, tricolour, blue roan, liver roan, red Quick Facts roan, orange roan or lemon roan. Exercise Requirements Grooming Quick Facts Exercise Requirements ON Grooming ON Nonnies Perm. Reg’d, Vickie & Dave Umpleby. Breeding beautiful English cockers since 1997. Wonderful family pets, champion show dogs, performance and service dogs with friendly, affectionate, happy personalities, intelligence and excellent health. Puppies occasionally. VUmpleby@; (647) 388-5398



Ruskate Reg’d, Bonnie Bristow. English Springer Spaniels - Since 1989 - Temperament- Plus, Show/ Companion Quality puppies - With Classic Springer Style - Written Guarantee - Black and white, and liver and white raised with lots of TLC on fresh country sunshine. Like us on Facebook. 8667 10th Line Essa Township, RR#2, Barrie, Ontario, L4M 4S4 (705) 733-5768;; http://; Ruskate-Registered-Kennels-375095725889757

fun-loving friend.

Personality He’s full of clownish antics, so training the young Irish Water Spaniel may seem an exercise in futility. As he matures, however, he shows an amazing retention for lessons he showed no signs of learning in his youth. Though somewhat reserved with strangers, he’s boldly affectionate to those he cares about most. Bred to work long hours in cold, sometimes miserable conditions, the Irish Water Spaniel benefits from plenty of exercise rain or shine, and never hesitates to jump into the nearest pond or puddle. Appearance 20-24” (51-61 cm) 45-65 lb (20-30 kg) Double coat with abundant hair falling in tight, crisp ringlets or waves. Solid liver. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History Like English Cocker and English Springer Spaniels, the Welsh Springer Spaniel comes from mixed birding-bred spaniel stock common to Europe in the 15th to 19th centuries. During this time, all spaniel types were interbred, with preference given to hunting ability over breed type. When litters arrived, puppies would be separated by size and type. In Wales, smaller dogs with characteristic deep red and white colouring, a more tapered head and smaller ears were called Welsh Springers. In the late 1800s, various types of English spaniel were separated and interbreeding was forbidden. Over time, each breed became unique. By 1906, the Welsh Springer Spaniel was officially recognized. The breed came to North America in the early 1900s, but didn’t catch on and was virtually extinct by the end of the Second World War. Breed fanciers imported fresh bloodlines and brought the Welsh Springer Spaniel back to sustainable numbers. Personality A lovely mix between hunting dog and couch potato, the Welsh Springer Spaniel is equally happy working or relaxing at home. Because he was bred as a birding dog, his hunting instincts are excellent. Outdoors he’s a tireless explorer. He is easy to train and very attached to his people, though without good socialization he can be shy of strangers. Appearance 17-19” (43-49 cm) 35-45 lb (16-21 kg) Straight, flat, soft weatherproof coat. Moderate feathering. Rich red and white colouring. Any pattern is acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Shore’N Cliff Welsh Springer Spaniels, Bruce & Nola Stigings. Home-raised and field-bred Welsh Springer Spaniels. Bred from US & European championship bloodlines. Superb pets and amazing field dogs that flush birds. Contact us to reserve a puppy from an upcoming litter. Red Deer County. (403) 227-4632;; ON Upland Creek Reg’d, Lawrence and Mary Labatt. Home raised and field bred Welsh Springer Spaniels. Bred for health and temperament -


Spinone Italiano

our dogs are family pets, companionship dogs, therapy dogs, and companion gun dogs. RR 1, Concession 8, ENR, Clear Creek, ON N0E 1C0. (519) 586-8514, www. (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)


History The Spinone Italiano, or Italian Pointer, is an ancient hunting breed popular in Italy during the 16th and 17th centuries. His great appeal even earned him a spot in Italian frescoes and paintings. As a gundog, the Spinone was a cautious and discreet hunter, famous for History A native of Southwestern Europe, his excellent nose and ability to endure the Spanish Water Dog’s origins are harsh climates and terrains. Today, the somewhat of a mystery. Some believe that Spinone is a versatile hunter, retriever and the breed was brought over from North companion dog who enjoys a variety of Africa by Spanish Moors, while another sports and activities. theory suggests that it was introduced to Spain by Turkish traders. Either way, Personality The Spinone Italiano lives the hardy Spanish Water Dog has two up to his reputation as a reliable and hallmarks – his dense, curly coat, and his noble dog. This all-purpose breed is loyal, ability to work on both land and in water. friendly, and intelligent and is good with Once used primarily as a herder of sheep children and other animals. The Spinone and a retriever of waterfowl, this hard- can be both playful and docile, and is working dog is now a cherished member of happiest when spending time with his family. People of all ages are drawn to his many modern families. unique appearance and many comment Personality Adaptable and obedient, the on his soft, almost human-like eyes. Spanish Water Dog makes a wonderful companion. He is happiest when working, Appearance 22-27.5” (56-70 cm) 62-86 lb (28-39 kg) and thrives in both land and water sports such as agility, herding trials and dock diving. Though he isn’t shy, he tends to Coat can be flat, slightly crimped or wiry, and be wary of newcomers and strange dogs is tough and dense. Distinguished beard and and always takes it upon himself to protect moustache. Colours include white, white his family. Full of spunk, this breed is with brown or orange markings, brown extremely eager to play and learn, but can roan, and brown roan with brown markings. quickly switch gears into an affectionate Quick Facts snuggle buddy. Exercise Requirements Appearance 15-20” (40-50 cm) Grooming 31-48 lb (14-22 kg) Dense, tightly curled coat that forms cords when left unclipped. Solid white, black or chestnut, or bicoloured. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming





Photo: Alice Van Kempen




Photo: Alice Van Kempen

St. Bernard


History The Hospice du Grand St. Bernard of Switzerland is home to the St. Bernard dog. Named for Bernard of Menthon, an Augustine Monk who established the monastery some 1,000 years ago as a rest point for travellers, the St. Bernard started out as a draft and guard dog in the 1600s. These large dogs were exceptional rescuers, scenting trapped travelers under several feet of snow.

Rolona’s In Love With Lily. Bred by Sylvia Barkey, Rolona Reg’d. Loved by Emily. A typical Rolona’s puppy, she brings much joy to her young owner.

History Staffordshire Bull Terriers have a long history as fighting dogs, starting in Roman times. By crossing large Mastiffs with Terriers, a smaller yet brave and fierce dog was produced that could manage bulls for butchers or hold wild boar or bear for hunters. Because of their strength A combination of inbreeding, loss and and ferocity, these dogs were a favourite disease led to the near extinction of the of bull- and bear-baiting rings, and later breed by 1830. In an effort to save it, in the “sport” of dog fighting. When this the monks brought in other breeds like was banned in the 1930s, Joseph Dunn the Newfoundland, resulting in a larger preserved the breed, renaming it the and longer-coated variety of St. Bernard. Staffordshire Bull Terrier to separate it from Because dogs with long coats became the Bull Terrier. weighted down with snow, the monks gave away their longer-haired puppies. The His fighting days over, he was selected by first breeding of St. Bernards outside the breeders for good temperament, and the monastery began in 1855 in Switzerland, breed continued to be popular among and produced both long and short-haired the working classes. Most Staffordshire puppies. Today, there are three breed Bull Terriers in North America didn’t standards: a modified version of the 1884 arrive until after the Second World War. standard used in the United States, the The breed wasn’t recognized in Canada English standard, and a much revised Swiss until 1952. standard developed in 1993. Personality Gentle and playful, few would

History The origins of the Swedish Vallhund are uncertain. The breed is similar to the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, and some theories suggest it was brought to Wales by marauding Vikings and became the foundation of the Corgi breed. Others believe Corgis came first, and that they were brought back to Scandinavia to become the progenitors of the Vallhund. Whatever his origin, the Swedish Vallhund was a hardworking multipurpose farm dog in Sweden, and an adept drover, ratter and watchdog. Officially recognized in 1948, the breed arrived in North America in the late 1980s. Personality A natural showoff, the cheerful Vallhund is happy to be alive, and doesn’t hesitate to tell you. He is clever and takes to training quickly. Early socialization is important to keep the Swedish Vallhund from becoming overprotective as he matures. He is good with other pets and children as long as he is properly socialized. Appearance 12-14” (30-36 cm) 20-35 lb (9-16 kg)

Medium-length, harsh, tight water-repellent outercoat. Wooly, soft dense undercoat. Steel grey, greyish brown, reddish yellow, Personality Big, friendly and patient guess at the Staffordshire Bull Terrier’s reddish brown, black sable with lighter with children, the St. Bernard is truly a past. He adores his family, especially the shading. May have white markings. people dog. Though he can be aloof with children, and has even been nicknamed Quick Facts strangers, particularly if not socialized, he the “Nanny Dog”. Quite intelligent, he Exercise Requirements generally loves everyone equally. As with all is very capable of learning tricks. Early Grooming big dogs, early training is important when socialization is beneficial, particularly with other dogs and animals. he is young as he grows quickly. TIBETAN MASTIFF


Appearance 26-36” (65-90 cm) 120-200 lb (55-91 kg)

Shorthaired: coarse, smooth, dense close-lying outercoat; profuse undercoat. Longhaired: medium-length, plain to slightly wavy outercoat; profuse undercoat. Neck ruff. Red and white in various shades of red and varying amounts of each colour, brindle and white. White markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Shorthaired Longhaired



Appearance 14-16” (35-41 cm) 24-38 lb (11-17 kg)

Short, smooth, close coat. Red, fawn, white, black, blue, brindle, may be mixed with white. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Barkey Sylvia, Rolona Reg’d. Breeder of the most-titled Stafford in the world. Rolona has been producing winners both in the show ring and more importantly in family homes since 1976. Toad Hall, RR 6, Claremont, ON L1Y 1A3. (905) 649-3718; email: (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.)

History The Tibetan Mastiff is the consummate guardian – the protector of his family, home and livestock. These dogs are famous for their role as sentinels of Tibetan monasteries.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


4-26”(61-66cm) Appearance 2 75-160 lb (34-72.5 kg) Weather-resistant, double coat. Black, black and tan, or golden. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Photo: Alice Van Kempen


History The Tibetan Spaniel is not a true spaniel but shares ancestry with other Oriental lap dogs such as Pekingese, Shih Tzu and Lhasa Apso. Tibetan monks kept them as watchdogs and companions. Legend suggests Tibetan Spaniels were trained to turn the monks’ prayer wheels. Considered lucky, the dogs were never sold, and very rarely given as gifts.


History This storied breed originated in the Lost Valley of Tibet. Considered a holy dog that bestowed good fortune, the Tibetan Terrier was not to be sold, only presented as a gift. This breed is not a terrier, however. Descending from the ancient North Kunlun Mountain Dog and Inner Mongolian Dog, the Tibetan Terrier was a robust herder of sheep; perhaps his size and agility suggested a terrier bloodline. As well as herding, this breed provided protection and companionship for Tibetan monks. It was the Dalai Lama who presented a Western doctor with some “TTs”, and along with other pups she’d received from a patient, Dr. Agnes Grieg established a kennel in her native England. There, the Tibetan Terrier was formally recognized in 1937. In North America, the Tibetan Terrier gained notice in the 1970s. They likely contributed to other Tibetan breeds that enjoy popularity today, namely the Lhasa Apso and the Shih Tzu.

Personality The Tibetan Terrier is a quick, intelligent student, so stimulating training keeps him from getting bored. Good with children, cheerful and loyal, he makes as fine a companion in a city condo as he does in the countryside. Naturally Though one or two may have left the protective, he likes to bark, but less so than monasteries before the 20th century, most true terriers. the first Tibetan Spaniels to come to Appearance 14-16” (34-41 cm) Great Britain were brought by medical 18-30 lb (8-13.5 kg) missionaries in the 1920s. Tibetan Spaniels Thick, long outer coat in any colour or came to North America in the mid-1960s combination of colours. Nose must be black. and were finally recognized in 1983. Large, round feet act as winter “snowshoes”. Personality A born watchdog, the Tibetan Spaniel loves to find a high place to watch and warn his family. He is very attached to his owners, but also independent in nature. Playful and very intelligent, the Tibetan Spaniel gets much of his exercise playing games with his people. Lots of socialization is important to accustom him to different people and places.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming SK Aisha Reg’d, Pat Delorme. 40+ years breeding and showing Tibetan Terriers for excellence in temperament, soundness and type. Tibetan Terriers are extremely versatile dogs, capable

Toy Fox Terrier

Silky outercoat. Fine dense undercoat. All colours and combinations acceptable.

of activities such as obedience, rally, agility and conformation as our dogs have demonstrated. (306) 789-0006;; http://

History The Toy Fox Terrier is a North American darling. The breed originated in the U.S., when breeders crossed the Smooth Fox Terrier with various toy breeds, including the Chihuahua, Miniature Pinscher, and Manchester Terrier. The resulting breed retained the game instincts of the terrier and the more mellow characteristics and smaller size of the toy breeds. Personality The blend of toy and terrier breeds makes the Toy Fox Terrier a wellrounded dog. This little lap dog has the devotion and affection of the toy breeds and the athletic hunting instincts of the terriers. Highly energetic and intelligent, this dog easily masters tricks and loves to entertain. Toy Fox Terriers are very social and love to spend time engaging in activities with their families. Their independent streaks mean they can be finicky, but it also means they have distinct and unique personalities. Toy Fox Terriers are very well-suited to high agility sports, such as Frisbee and flyball. Their size and friendly temperament make them good travelling companions. Appearance 8.5-11.5” (21.5-29 cm) 3.5-7 lb (1.5-3 kg) Short, flat coat that requires little grooming. Slight neck ruff. Coat is usually glossy and predominately white. Tricolour (black, tan, white or chocolate, tan, white), as well as white and tan or white and black blends. Can also be all white. Erect, pointed ears. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Roeders TFT’s Perm. Reg’d, Cynthia Roeder. Reg’d with CKC/UKC/AKC with White/Black and Tri-colour TFT’s. We raise show and home pets. Raised among our family and are very comical in their own right. Being great for all performances Agility/Rally Obedience/ Conformation/Obedience. Or if you just want someone to snuggle up with you they are great at that. (403) 580-2577;



Personality The Tibetan Mastiff displays affection only to his family since his role is to protect. He is intelligent and independent. The puppies are quite playful so this is the perfect time to socialize them. The Tibetan Mastiff is powerful, and while he does not need rigorous exercise, he does need “purpose”, and a fenced yard is a must.

Appearance 10” (25 cm) 9-15 lb (4-7 kg)

Photo: Aisha Reg’d – Cathy French

During Marco Polo’s 13th century explorations, he recorded seeing “dogs as big as donkeys”. It is this sturdy, ancient breed that engendered the Newfoundland, the Great Pyrenees, the Dogue de Bordeaux and the Great Dane. In the late 1800s, Queen Victoria received a Tibetan Mastiff as a gift. The Dalai Lama presented a pair of them to U.S. President Eisenhower in the 1950s, and the breed finally got established in North America in the 1970s.

Onpoint Perm Reg’d, John Reid and Kevin Lavoie. With over 35 years of experience, we breed Vizsla’s with the family in mind, for hunting, and field companions, we are Canada’s only kennel to win five US National Field Championships. Our puppies, born and raised in our home, come with a five-year written health guarantee. Ancaster. ON. (647) 8245227; www. (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.)


Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Vizsla (Smooth)



History The Vizsla is one the oldest sporting and birding dogs – the breed has been documented as early as the mid-13th century. Used by the nomadic Magyar tribes of the Russian Steppes, the Vizsla is a hunter, pointer and retriever rolled into one. Over the centuries, various hounds and pointers were added to the foundation Vizsla stock. Vizslas were companions to early Hungarian warlords, barons and kings. This aristocratic connection made the Vizsla a target during the many upheavals that ripped across Hungary, and the breed nearly became extinct after World War II. Several fleeing aristocrats smuggled their precious dogs and pedigree records out of the country. Modern Vizslas are descended from these refugees, who were established in kennels in Europe and North America. In 1987, a Vizsla captured the first triple American championship for conformation, field trial and obedience. Personality Naturally energetic, the noble Vizsla is a hunter at heart, and requires lots of exercise to keep happy. He gets along with other dogs and animals, and can be excellent with older children. Active socialization at a young age can be beneficial. Appearance 21-25” (53-64 cm) 44-66 lb (20-30 kg)


Short, smooth, dense close-lying coat. Shades of golden rust. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Chukar Reg’d, Ildiko & Garry Hughes. Since 1986. We pride ourselves on home-raised, well-socialized, happy and healthy puppies. Fully guaranteed. Truly versatile for show, hunting or best friend. 8066 5th Line, RR 1, Angus, ON L0M 1B1. (705) 424-0502.



Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Rowdie, pictured above, champion of hearts. Onpoint Vizsla’s, are winners of five US National Field Championships and bred to standard as our belief is that form follows function. Bred and owned by Onpoint Vizsla’s, Kevin Lavoie.

History A dog of Hungarian origin, the Wire-Haired Vizsla was developed through the early to mid-1900s by breeding the Vizsla and the German Coarse-Haired Setter. Though the Smooth-Coated Vizsla made an excellent hunting dog, hunters wanted a breed with a thicker coat and more solid build to withstand colder temperatures. The WireHaired Vizsla was soon recognized for his keen nose and excellent swimming and pointing skills. World War II nearly caused the extinction of both forms of the Vizsla breed, but breeding continued and the Wire-Haired Vizsla was preserved. It was brought to North America nearly two decades later, where it was recognized as a breed in 1977. Personality The Wire-Haired Vizsla is a sensitive dog that responds well to training. A positive approach is best, as he is sensitive to punishment. The Vizsla loves to swim and participate in other outdoor activities. He typically bonds closely to his family, and can develop separation anxiety if not properly socialized from a young age and exercised regularly. Extremely loyal, the Vizsla will protect when necessary, but is generally very affectionate. Due to his versatility, this breed also excels in field trials and obedience competitions. Appearance 2 1-25” (53-64 cm) 48.5-66 lb (22-30 kg) Tough, wiry, close-lying coat with prominent, bushy eyebrows and beard. Dark, sandy yellow. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History A truly exclusive breed, the Weimaraner was created by the Grand Duke Karl August of Weimar, Germany, as an allpurpose gun dog for the nobility. Perfected around 1810, the breed was a closely guarded treasure, with breeding and ownership strictly protected. The Weimaraner was recognized in Germany in 1896, and its breed club formed a year later. Ownership was restricted to club members. In the 1920s, American Howard Knight became a member of the club and brought a breeding pair to the U.S. The breed continued to be exclusive until the 1940s, when its skill as a gun dog brought it to the public’s eye. Modern Weimaraners continue to be excellent athletes with many top dogs having championships in both the show ring and the field. Personality Quick to learn, the Weimaraner is an energetic dog who can handle many situations. He is friendly, obedient and affectionate with his family. As an athlete, nothing makes him happier than lots of exercise and attention from his people. The Weimaraner makes a loving and enjoyable companion. Appearance 22-28” (57-70 cm) 55-88 lb (25-40 kg) Shorthaired: short, dense and smooth. Longhaired: long, flat or slightly wavy. Solid in colour ranging from mouse-grey to silver-grey. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming: Shorthaired Longhaired ON Almamater Reg’d. Top quality pups. Over 25 years of experience. We pride ourselves in producing family raised short hair and long hair Weimaraners found in the show ring, obedience trials, agility, or on the couch! Our goal with each litter is to produce healthy, mentally sound, goodlooking puppies, hard workers but who can relax in front of the fireplace at home when the day is done! Pups come vet checked with first set of shots, dewormed, health clearence, microchipped, CKC registered and lifetime of breeder support. We are members of CKC, Weimaraner Assoc. of Canada and Weimaraner Club of America. Am Can Gr. Ch stud service available. MILTON, ON L0P1J0. Gisela Tundis (905) 805-1378; giselatundis@;


WELSH SPRINGER SPANIEL -See Spaniel (Welsh Springer)


The Welsh Corgi comes in two types: the Cardigan (long-tailed) and the Pembroke (tailless). Cardigan Welsh Corgis are stockier and longer than the Pembroke type. The Cardigan also has larger rounder ears and comes in a wider range of acceptable colours. Personality The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is an intelligent dog who is easy to train and loves to have a job. He is devoted to his family, and loves to spend time with them as much as possible. Early socialization helps him deal with unfamiliar situations and makes him safe with children. Cardigan Welsh Corgis do well in a variety of living situations, as long as they get adequate exercise and attention. Appearance 10-13” (27-32 cm) 25-38 lb (11-17 kg) Short or medium-length, dense, slightly harsh weather resistant outercoat. Short, soft thick undercoat. Slight ruff. Any colour, with or without white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

legend Very minimal Minimal Average More than average

History Theories about the origin of Welsh Corgis abound. One suggests they might have been Vallhunds who arrived with the Vikings; another that Vallhunds descend from Corgis taken as spoils during Viking raids. Corgis were used by the Celts as cattle dogs. By nipping at the heels of cows, Corgis drove them further apart, spreading them across the countryside and helping the Welsh lay claim to larger stretches of common land. Later, traditional herding dogs were needed to keep the herd together, and the Welsh Corgi lost his job. Welsh Corgis continued as popular farm pets, though, and Queen Elizabeth II had several, all descendants of a pair of puppies given by King George VI to his daughters. Personality The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is playful and affectionate, bonding closely with his people. He is an athletic dog, and enjoys long walks and the mental stimulation of dog sports. He is responsive and enthusiastic about training, learning quickly and retaining what he learns. Appearance 10-12” (25-31 cm) 20-30 lb (9-13.5 kg) Longish coarse outercoat. Short, thick weather-resistant undercoat. Red, sable, fawn, or black and tan. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON KenDelee Perm. Reg’d, Delilah Toussaint. Welcome to KenDelee’s Welsh Corgis. Breeding since 1987 with many BPIS and BIS, as well as many Group wins. All my breeding dogs are health tested and all pups come with lifetime support from me, the breeder. 2 year health guarantee. (705) 344-5810;;

History The Welsh Terrier likely inherited his bold spirit from the Old English Terrier, an ancient black-and-tan dog esteemed for hunting otter, fox and badger. From this strain, Welsh hunters developed a dog with longer legs and a wider girth. Early British sporting prints of the 1700s show dogs of this description. But in the 19th century show ring, all Old English Terriers fell under the same classification – at least until 1888 when a sturdy, long-legged dog named Dick Turpin outshone his competitors and the Welsh claimed him as one of their own. The Kennel Club concurred, and Welsh Terrier fanciers have Dick Turpin’s DNA to thank for the handsome, whiskered gent they admire today. Personality Lively and curious, the Welsh Terrier thrives with an active family who enjoys sharing his energy. His eager, intelligent mind responds to positive, short bursts of regular training. Socialization from an early age will keep the Welsh Terrier well-mannered and confident. He benefits, too, from having a large, safe yard. When he is played-out, the Welsh Terrier wants nothing more than to relax with his people. Appearance 15” (38 cm) 20-21 lb (9-9.5 kg) Wiry, close, abundant coat. Black-and-tan, or black, grizzle-and-tan coat. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


History With a history that may date back to 1,000 BC, the Welsh Corgi’s name probably derives from the Celtic word for dog, “corgi”. Others believe the name comes from a combination of “cor” (dwarf) and “gi” (dog). Corgi were used as cattle dogs. They herded cows with a technique called heeling; their short stature allowed them to nip at the cows’ heels without being kicked.

Welsh Terrier





Personality Despite his cute looks, the Westie is all terrier. He is hardy and spunky, with lots of energy and “big dog” attitude. Like most terriers he is a good watch dog. The Westie is a quick study and loves to learn new tricks. He does very well in sports like agility and obedience. Appearance 10-11” (25-28 cm) 15-22 lb (7-10 kg) Straight, harsh outercoat. Short, soft close undercoat. White. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming BC Seawest Reg’d, Katherine Kovalcik. Mill Bay, BC.; ON ALBA Reg’d. Top quality pups. Over 25 years of experience. We pride ourselves in producing family raised Westies found in the show ring, obedience trials, agility, or on the couch! Our goal with each litter is to produce healthy, mentally sound, goodlooking puppies, hard workers but who can relax in front of the fireplace at home when the day is done! Pups come vet checked with first set of shots, dewormed, microchipped, CKC registered and lifetime of breeder support. We are members of CKC, Canadian West Highland White Terrier club. Can. Ch. stud service available. MILTON, ON L0P1J0. Gisela Tundis (905) 805-1378;;




History Some believe the Yorkshire Terrier is a cross of Maltese, Skye Terriers, Manchester Terriers and possibly Dandie Dinmont Terriers. Others say the documentation points to a mixture of three now-extinct breeds: the Clydesdale Terrier (a silken type of Skye Terrier), the Waterside Terrier, and the Old English Terrier (toy-size with a rough and broken coat). First known as Broken Haired Scotch Terriers, the Yorkshire Terrier acquired its current name in 1874.

History One of several short-legged terriers bred in Scotland, the West Highland White Terrier, or Westie, originated some 300 years ago. Breeders selected white puppies from their litters and crossed them together to produce an all-white terrier whose colour would distinguish him from the terrain and game. The Westie we know came from a line of white terriers bred by the Malcolm family in Poltalloch, Argyllshire. A second strain of terriers was bred by the Duke of Argyll in Roseneath. “Poltalloch Terriers” and “Roseneath Terriers” were shown together; judges favoured the Poltalloch dogs and they became the recognized breed type. Colonel Malcolm came up with a new name for the breed in 1907 – the West Highland White Terrier. Westies came to North America in 1906, and were recognized in 1908.


Cedar Creek Reg’d, Laryssa Sawyer. We’re a small family kennel located just over an hour north of Toronto. Puppies are raised in our home with our children. Puppies go to their new homes at 8 weeks; dewormed, vet checked, microchipped, first set of shots, 30 days of pet insurance, a health guarantee and lifetime breeder support. 295159 8th Line, Amaranth, ON L9W 0K1. (519) 925-2827; info@;

Photo: OZ Yorkshire Terriers

West Highland White Terrier


History Also known as the “poor man’s racehorse”, the Whippet’s origins stem from the sport of setting “snapdogs” after rabbit. These snapdogs were released in a small pit where they were timed to see how quickly they could dispatch several rabbits. By crossing terriers with small greyhounds, breeders produced an agile and capable dog that soon dominated the sport. When it was banned, Whippets were used in lure or “rag” racing.

Yorkshire Terriers quickly gained popularity throughout England and North America. The story credited for bringing the breed into the limelight involves William Wynne and a Yorkshire Terrier he found in a shell hole near New Guinea during World War II. Wynne named the dog Smokey and backpacked with him through 12 sea rescue missions and 150 air raids. Personality Energetic and full of life, the Yorkshire Terrier is a bold and tenacious dog whose personality outweighs his tiny size. He is brave and loyal, attached to his family and prepared to defend it with his voice. Early socialization and consistent training are essential.

When Lancashire textile workers immigrated to New England in the early 1900s, they brought their Whippets, and the sport of lure coursing, with them. The Whippet can run up to 35 miles an hour. Appearance 6-7” (15-18 cm) under 7 lb (3 kg) Personality Though a racing Whippet is the perfect picture of speed, he is an easy- Long, straight, silky fine coat. Steel blue going and relaxed individual, always ready and tan. to curl up on the couch and snuggle. He is attached to his people and gets along Quick Facts with children, strangers and other dogs. Exercise Requirements Outdoors, it is important to keep him in a Grooming safely enclosed area or on a leash. Appearance 17-22” (44-56 cm) 25-40 lb (11-18 kg) Short, smooth fine coat. Any colour or combination of colours is acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


ON Adanta Reg’d. Marilyn Burleson. Champion bloodlines, beautiful, healthy, intelligent, prespoiled, quality, home-raised puppies. Health guarantee. Canadian Kennel Club Registered. 30 minutes south of Hamilton (519) 426-4638 cell (519) 860-2381;; OZ Yorkshire Terriers, Loreta Serafini. Beautiful, healthy, well-socialized puppies from champion bloodlines. All puppies are vet examined and receive first vaccines with written health guarantees and lifelong support for your new puppy. Please visit our Facebook page - OZ Yorkshire Terriers- and join a community of Yorkie-lovers who are pleased to be owned by an OZ Yorkie. Oakville, Ontario;; 905-845-0526

Rare breeds typically have breed clubs or associations and are working toward official recognition by one of Canada’s registering organizations, e.g. Canadian Kennel Club. They may be recognized by other official organizations outside of Canada.

History This delightful toy breed originated in Bologna, Italy but much of the breed’s past is unknown, since it’s tangled up with the history of related breeds such as the Maltese. The dogs were generally cultivated as pets for the upper class, and presented as cherished gifts to help establish trade and good relations with European noblemen. In one well known example of this, the Duke d’Este gave two Bolognese dogs to King Philip II of Spain in the late 1500s. Pleased with his gift, the King replied “these two little dogs are the most royal gifts one can make to an emperor”.

Jago Vom Grenzwall. NAVHDA field tested. Prize 1 Natural Ability in versatility. Bred by Von Der Linde Reg’d. Owned by Ralf Bothe. RR 2, Queensville, ON.

History The Kleiner Münsterländer Vorstehhund originated 500 years ago in Münsterländer, northwest Germany, where they were used to retrieve birds killed by falcons. Over time, as bird dogs became more specialized, the Kleiner (or Small) Münsterländer’s versatility was less valued, and the breed nearly died out. This changed when commoners were allowed to hunt freely, and a small dog that could hunt both bird and small game became an The breed didn’t arrive in North essential source of food and income. The Kleiner Münsterländers’ flexibility and America until the 1980s. Here, the dogs aptitude for hunting made them highly are loved for their docile personalities valuable to their owners, who kept them and are prized as companions. close to home and family. Personality Cute and cuddly, the While the breed remains rare, its Bolognese is a fun and loyal pet. He does recognition as a versatile and effective need regular exercise but is fairly laid back hunting and birding dog, as well as a kind and serious for a toy breed. While he will and even-tempered family pet, continue to alert to strangers, he is not a big barker and bring it a new popularity. quickly warms to new people once he gets Personality Happy and outgoing, the Kleiner to know them. Münsterländer is an exceptional hunting Appearance 9-12” (25-30 cm) 5-9 lb (2.5-4 kg)

Long fluffy coat, slightly shorter on the muzzle. White in colour. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

dog. He works closely with his handler, and then happily returns home to relax with his family. Eager to please, and quite intelligent, the Münsterländer is quick to learn. He is successful in a variety of dog sports like obedience and agility. Appearance 20-22” (52-54 cm) 33-64 lb (15-29 kg)

Medium-length, dense, close-lying, water repellent coat. Brown-white or brown roan with brown patches, brown mantle, or brown ticking. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

ON Von Der Linde Reg’d, Ralf Bothe. Breeder of premium Small Münsterländers. German imports of high performance breeding of the truly versatile German hunting dog. Specializing in pointing, tracking and retrieving and a great family pet! Started gun dogs available on request. NAVHDA NA tested. Training and assistance available on site. 21133 Kennedy Rd, RR2, Queensville, ON L0G 1R0. (905) 473-9395;; (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement to the left.)


History To appreciate the story of the Miniature American Shepherd, it helps to remember that its Australian Shepherd forerunners were developed in the U.S., not Australia. These herding dogs tended sheep with great skill, and it was the livestock that came from “Down Under”, not the dog. In the late 1960s, some smaller-sized Australian Shepherds found their way to a California dog breeder. Doris Cordova liked their compact size, and bred more “Mini Aussies.” They worked as diligently as their larger counterparts, and the breed found favour. Miniature Australian Shepherds were registered with rarebreed organizations until 2011, when the American Kennel Club FSS (Foundation Stock Service) granted them a new name: the Miniature American Shepherd. The breed was first recognized by the AKC in 2012, and is on track to receive full Canadian Kennel Club breed recognition. In the meantime, the Miniature American Shepherds of Canada (MASCAN) is the premier club for Miniature American Shepherd dogs in the country. Personality Eye-catching for its size, there is nothing diminished about the breed’s intelligence and drive. The Miniature American Shepherd loves to accomplish




Photo: Alice Van Kempen


Miniature American Shepherd


but he’s no pushover since he often thinks he’s bigger than he is. Walking and playing are the Bolonka’s preferred forms of exercise, which makes these dogs great for both city and country. Appearance 9.5-10” (24-26 cm) 8-10 lb (3.5-4.5 kg)

Silky, thick, soft outercoat with dense undercoat. Dense outercoat often Emberview Toy Aussie’s. “Special things come forming waves or curls. Long fur on Double coat. Blue merle, red merle, solid in Small Packages”. Intelligent, hardworking, both face and body, with beard and black, or solid red. All colours accepted with versatile, and loyal family pet, the Aussie is a moustache requires daily grooming. or without white markings and/or tan points. real looker coming in the Toy and Mini Sizes All colours except white. and comes in a variety of colours from Black & Quick Facts Red Tri’s to Blue & Red Merles. Raised in our Quick Facts Exercise Requirements homes. Parents have had their genetic testing Exercise Requirements Grooming Requirements done & come with a health guarantee. Make Grooming: Smooth your next adventure an “Aussie”. Contact Karyn: (519) 374-5813;; Cathy (519) 323-7323;;


History Australian Shepherds are not truly native to Australia, but when Basque shepherds immigrated there they brought their Pyrenean Shepherd dogs with them to herd Australian sheep. These dogs were crossed with other herding breeds such as the Collie and Border Collie to produce the Australian Shepherd. Eventually, in the 1840s, these shepherd dogs came to North America, where their efficient herding ability made them popular with Americans, particularly in the West.


Moderate length, straight to wavy, weather resistant outercoat and undercoat. Blue merle, red (liver) merle, solid black, solid red (liver). With or without white markings or tan (copper) points.

the task set before him – be it herding, competing at flyball, or minding the children. This loyal family dog adapts to Quick Facts city or rural living, providing a mental and Exercise Requirements physical challenge is at hand. Grooming Appearance 13-18” (33-46 cm) ON 20-31 lb (9-14 kg)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Miniature Australian Shepherd

Miniature American Shepherd


History The true ancestry of this breed is unknown, but one common belief is that the Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka (translation – coloured lapdogs) is descended from the French Bolonka brought into Russia by Napoleon’s army and those Bichon Frises gifted to Russian nobility towards the end of the Renaissance period. When the French army retreated, the little dogs, including Bichons, Shih Tzus and longhaired Yorkshire Terriers, became the foundation stock for this breed. Russia’s utilitarian attitude toward dogs (for herding and hunting) made the toy dogs rare and prestigious. In the 1960s, postKhrushchev, the Soviet Union loosened restrictions on dog breeding, resulting in more toy breeds.

In the 1960s a breeder named Doris Cordova purchased several small working Australian Shepherds. Liking their small size, she bred them together, striving for a miniature version that stood consistently less than 18” tall. Other breeders took a liking to the little Aussies, and by 1990 the breed had its own breed club. Today, breeders of Miniature Australian Shepherds strive to maintain their Personality The Bolonka is a happyworking ability. go-lucky, even-tempered dog that bonds Personality A working dog at heart, the deeply with his family but loves to be Miniature Australian Shepherd remains best friends with everyone he meets, an active and capable athlete who excels including children and other animals. at sports like agility or competitive This dog’s versatile personality means he obedience. He is a smart and friendly will eagerly participate in group activities, dog who loves to please. but is also content to sit on the sidelines. Appearance 14-18” (35-46 cm) Often described as a “bundle of joy”, the 20-40 lb (9-18 kg) Bolonka is very affectionate and trusting, 146



History The Shiloh Shepherd is a very new breed developed by Tina Barber in the early 1970s. Having grown up around German Shepherds, Barber sought a return to the large, square-bodied physique she remembered in Germany. She set out to create her ideal dog – one who was smart, loyal and easy to train, while being strong enough to herd and guard, and gentle enough to trust with children. She focused on both soundness of body and mind. Barber’s efforts were very successful, and demand for her “new” breed of Shepherds grew. By 1990, the shepherds from her Shiloh kennel proved to differ enough from classic German Shepherds that she formed the International Shiloh Shepherd Registry and lobbied for the acceptance of the Shiloh Shepherd by the American Rare Breed Association. Personality Bred to compete in Schutzhund trials in the morning, babysit the kids in the afternoon, and guide the blind in the evening, the Shiloh Shepherd is an intelligent dog who works hard and wants to be your best friend. He is easy to train, and can learn anything set before him. A workaholic at heart, the Shiloh Shepherd is happiest when he has a job to do, and can easily excel in many jobs. Appearance 26-32” (66-82 cm) 100-160 lb (45-73 kg)



1. H OW LONG HAVE YOU BEEN INVOLVED WITH THIS BREED? Ideally the breeder should answer ‘several years’. Membership in breed clubs can indicate a deep interest in the breed and its activities.


History German Shepherd Dogs with white coats started appearing in the late 1800s. These puppies were sought out by farmers and shepherds to protect their flocks, as their white hair made it easier to tell them apart from predators – particularly wolves. By the early 1990s, White Shepherds were bred by selection for this purpose. Soon after, the White Shepherd became a popular choice in North American households. Today, he is recognized as a rare herding breed that makes a great companion and protector. Personality The White Shepherd is known for being intelligent and hard working. He is best suited for an active household, especially one where he can spend a lot of time outdoors in the company of his family. Due to his protective qualities, the White Shepherd can be hesitant around strangers. Slow introductions and early socialization will help him let his guard down. Constant stimulation through tasks and training is also important, as he prefers to stay busy. While he makes a great companion for all members of the family, including children and other dogs, the White Shepherd tends to favour one master. Positive training will help guide his behaviour in the direction you choose. Appearance 22-26” (55-66 cm) 60-85 lb (27-39 kg) Medium-length outercoat is dense, straight and flat-lying. Undercoat is fine but dense. White or white with cream markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

A breeder should have some criteria for measuring the success of her breeding stock, and this should be reflected in participation in conformation or performance events such as obedience, agility, field trials, etc.

3. I S THE PUPPY REGISTERED? In Canada all puppies described as purebred have to have a registration certificate issued by the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) under the Animal Pedigree Act. Among other things the certificate describes the puppy’s breed, colour, date of birth, sire and dam, and registered name. The certificate may not be available at the time of sale as it takes time to process, but it must be forwarded to the buyer by the breeder within six months of the date of sale.

4. D O YOU OFFER GUARANTEES OR REFERENCES? A contract can spell out the responsibilities of both buyer and seller, such as what the breeder will do if the puppy develops a debilitating hereditary condition, or if the buyer can no longer keep the dog. A breeder may also expect the buyer to spay or neuter the dog, or to attend obedience classes with the dog. Read the contract carefully and be sure you

are comfortable with the wording before you sign — you may consider some of the conditions unreasonable. Ask for references from previous buyers.


White Shepherd

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


The best place to raise a litter is inside the breeder’s home. The puppies experience the usual household sights and sounds, and have contact with people and lots of handling. Puppy mill puppies are raised in isolation and this lack of socialization can lead to later behavioural problems.

6. C AN I SEE THE PUPPY’S PARENTS? Usually the dam will be available but she may be quite protective about her puppies and view you with suspicion. Away from her puppies she should be wellmannered and calm. She should appear in good health, though she may look a little scruffy — raising puppies is hard work! The sire may not be available if he lives elsewhere; if the litter was conceived using frozen semen, he may even be in another country! Ask to see pictures of him.

7. W HAT HEALTH TESTS ARE DONE ON YOUR BREEDING STOCK? Research your chosen breed so that you know what the common genetic health problems are. There are tests such as x-rays for hip and elbow dysplasia, exams for eye problems, heart checks for cardiac disease, etc. The appropriate checks should have been done on the sire and dam.

8. H AS THE PUPPY BEEN VET CHECKED? Your puppy should be examined by a veterinarian before leaving the breeder. He or she should also have been de-wormed; the breeder may do this at home — ask what was used and when.



Plush: medium-coarse outercoat; soft undercoat; mane. Smooth: medium-length, dense, close-lying outercoat; undercoat; mane. Golden, silver, red, dark brown, dark grey, black sable, black, white, shades of black with tan, golden tan, reddish tan, silver or cream.


SPEAK Use this handy translator to determine some of the more common terms and acronyms: Reg’d

eans a kennel name is registered with M an accepted registry


Perm. Reg’d


A merican Kennel Club (U.S.-based)

M eans a kennel is permanently registered


A merican Rare Breeds Association: the American equivalent to CRBA



B rain Auditory Evoked Response. Measures the brain wave activity that occurs in response to clicks or certain tones. Certifies hearing. anine Eye Registration Foundation. C Tracks and records ocular diseases in dogs and maintains databases on known conditions and predispositions. Certifies vision.

Genotype R efers to a dog in the sense of his genetic composition HD




H ip dysplasia is affected by heredity and environmental factors. Sires and dams in breeds known for HD should be X-rayed clear. O rthopedic Foundation for Animals. Tracks and records information pertaining to genetic and orthopedic diseases.


Refers to the collective appearance of a dog, based on physical and psychological traits


he University of Pennsylvania Hip T Improvement Program. Performed by veterinarians specially trained in the procedure. This method determines hip joint laxity, which can then be used to predict the likelihood of an individual developing hip dysplasia.


T hyroid stimulating hormone – a test to determine hypothyroidism


v on Willebrand’s disease – a bleeding disorder that affects some breeds



Canadian Border Collie Association


Canadian Kennel Club


Canadian Rare Breeds Association


édération Cynologique F Internationale (Europe, Latin America, Africa, Asia and Australia)


United Kennel Club


est in Field – the top coursing hound B at a trial


B est in Show – the best dog at a conformation show


B est in Specialty Show – the best dog at a specialty show


B est Puppy in Show – the best puppy at a conformation show


High in Trial – the best performer at an obedience trial


anine Good Citizen – determines if C a dog is well trained and obedient in public


T emperament Tested – shows if a dog has stable temperament


WELCOME TO OUR BREEDER SPOTLIGHT! Buying a puppy is an exciting time. But it’s important to research the breed that’s right for your lifestyle and your family situation. That’s where reputable breeders can help. Unlike puppy mills, which provide substandard care for their breeding animals, and produce puppies prone to health issues, reputable breeders care deeply about their litters, and want to find the right match for you and their puppies. In this section, we turn the spotlight onto various breeders, who wish to share information on their dogs and kennels with you. The breeds are listed alphabetically, as much as possible. Please note these are advertisements paid for by the breeders and/or kennels.

CAIRN TERRIER Magisterial. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p150

GERMAN SHEPHERD DOG Burg im Wald . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p151 Committed Canine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p152 Guardian Angel Shepherds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p153

HAVANESE Misty Trails/Elite Havanese Reg’d. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p153

MUDI Herdabout Mudis Perm Reg’d. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p154

POODLE (STANDARD) Magisterial. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p155 Syquefine Standard Poodles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p156 Lee Anns Poodles Perm Reg’d.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p156

RETRIEVER (GOLDEN) Blackpool Perm. Reg’d. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p156 Makani Meadows Reg’d. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p157

SCHNAUZER (GIANT) Magisterial. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p158



Upland Creek. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p157

SOFT-COATED WHEATEN TERRIER Rathbrum Wheatens. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p157


Cairn Terrier





German Shepherd Dog

German Shepherd Dog











Poodle (Standard)



SPOTLIGHT Poodle (Standard)/Retriever (Golden)

Retriever (Golden)/Welsh Springer Spaniel/Wheaten Terrier Re gi st er To

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Giant Schnauzer









Fido Finder Anagram Puzzle

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 8. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.


Unscramb le the letters to find the na me of various s dog breed s!







Greyhound Dalmatian German Shepherd Labrador Retriever Maltese Fox Terrier Beagle Spaniel Collie Bloodhound Great Dane Pomeranian Newfoundland Malamute




L ATEM AU M Plug in the circled letters to find the punchline to the joke below!

Why should you wear waterproof shoes when it rains cats and dogs?

_ _ _ / _ _ _ _ _ / _ _ _ _ / _ _ / _ / _ _ _ _ _ _! 162


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.




Joke punchline: You might step in a poodle!


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