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Facts you need to know












SPAY AND NEUTER Why new studies


say to wait



Creating the pawfect

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contents 88 Lifestyle & Travel 12 Puppy planning 101 How to choose and prepare for your new pup.

15 Dog care contract

Make sure the entire family is on board with your pup’s care!

64 What type of dog are you? Are you more like a Lab or a Chihuahua? Take this quiz to find out!

77 Safe car travel for your dog Crates, carriers, and harnesses – oh my!

80 Essential safety tips for the outdoor adventure dog Plan ahead before heading out!

88 Ten self-care tips for pet parents Make time to look after yourself, too!

100 Disaster prep for dogs This simple plan will keep your companion safe if catastrophe strikes.

210 4




Nutrition 22 The dos and don’ts of feeding human foods to dogs Which human foods are safe for your canine companion?

56 Quality dog foods made in Canada Healthy, home-grown dog foods are more available than ever!

84 Choosing the perfect dog treats How to find the best brand for your best friend.

Dog-human Interest

26 Celebs and their dogs Can you match these celebrities to their breeds of choice?

38 How dogs see the world Research shows dogs don’t see in black and white.

48 How dog DNA can help humans The Canine Genome Project has implications for understanding issues in dogs and humans.




Training and Behaviour 18 How to choose the right toy for your dog Are you considering his play style?


34 How should you talk to your dog?


Believe it or not, you can enhance your bond through speech.

40 12 common dog parenting mistakes Oops! Here’s how to avoid these errors.

30 The truth about ticks in Canada Learn how to protect your pup from these creepy crawlies.

36 Ways to improve your dog’s quality of life Give her health, happiness and longevity a boost!

46 Natural ways to prevent doggy breath Foods and tips to freshen up bad breath.

68 When should dogs be spayed or neutered? The pros and cons of spay and neuter procedures and how they affect your dog.

44 Why do dogs tilt their heads? 52 Party tricks to teach your dog Teach your dog three tricks for fun, exercise and mental challenge.

86 Seeing eye to eye

Discover the meaning behind your dog’s gaze.

92 How to choose a dog training class A professional, positive experience can make all the difference.

72 Essential oils and your dog


96 6 things you should know about cannabis for dogs

60 Grooming tips for different hair types When it comes to coat care, every breed is different!

What does the legalization of cannabis in Canada mean for your dog?

Departments 10 Editorial

102 Breed Directory The Groups, Purebreds, Rare breeds


167 Dog Speak 171 Spotlight 195 Trainers & Groomers 197 Marketplace 210 Word Search



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C.C.O. & Editor-in-Chief: Dana Cox Senior Editor: Ann Brightman Associate Editor: Emily Watson Art Director & Senior Graphic Designer: Dawn Cumby-Dallin Graphic Designer: Anna Dezsi Graphic Designer: Kathleen Atkinson Graphic Designer: Laurie Reifel Graphic Designer: Erica Collins Breed Ambassador Photography: Alice Van Kempen Social Media Manager: Theresa Gannon Cover Photography: Mikadun

President/CEO: Tim Hockley

CONTRIBUTING WRITERS Karen Elizabeth Baril Karen Shaw Becker, DVM Ann Brightman Sara Carson Stanley Coren, PhD Dana Cox Susan Dalton, PhD Michelle Evason, BSc, DVM, DACVIM Andrea Gronwald Stephanie Horan Katherine Kramer, DVM Vett Lloyd, BSc, PhD Kelly Mark, DVM Erin Mullen Sandra Murphy Juniper Russo Becki Selby Lisa Wagner Emily Watson

SUBMISSIONS: Please send all editorial material, advertising material,

photos and correspondence to: Canadian Dogs Annual, 160 Charlotte St., Suite 202, Peterborough, ON, Canada K9J 2T8. We welcome previously unpublished articles and digital colour pictures at 300dpi. We cannot guarantee that either articles or pictures will be used or that they will be returned. We reserve the right to publish all letters received. Email your articles to: info@redstonemediagroup.com. TO PURCHASE: Copies can be purchased at most major retail outlets across Canada or online at CanadianDOGS.com/order. CDN MAIL: Canadian

Dogs Annual

160 Charlotte St., Suite 202 Peterborough, ON, Canada K9J 2T8



Office Manager: Libby Sinden Accounting Manager: Susan Smith Webmaster: Lace Insom

ADVERTISING SALES National Sales Manager: Tim Hockley, 1.866.764.1212 ext. 110 Tim@RedstoneMediaGroup.com Display and Marketplace: Kat Shaw, 1.866.764.1212 ext. 315 KatShaw@RedstoneMediaGroup.com Becky Starr, 1.866.764.1212 ext. 221 Becky@RedstoneMediaGroup.com Breeder Sales: Libby Sinden 1.866.764.1212 ext. 114 Libby@RedstoneMediaGroup.com


Siberian Huskies like the pup in this photo are among the most striking of breeds, with their distinctively marked coats and pale blue eyes. These dogs are loving and friendly, and don’t like to be left alone. They require plenty of exercise, and their thick coats mean they love romping in the snow!

The material in this magazine is not intended to replace the care of veterinary practitioners. The opinions expressed are not necessarily those of the editor, and different views may appear in other issues. Redstone Media Group Inc., publisher of Canadian Dogs Annual, does not promote any of the products or services advertised by a third party advertiser in this publication, nor does Redstone Media Group Inc. verify the accuracy of any claims made in connection with such advertisers. Canadian Dogs Annual is published once a year by Redstone Media Group Inc.. Entire contents copyrightŠ 2018. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted by any means, without prior written permission of the publisher. Publication date: November 2018. Canadian Dogs Annual is a division of Redstone Media Group.



Editorial Once a dog lover, always a dog lover My 20-year-old daughter sent me a text a few weeks ago. “Got a dog!” it said. The text was accompanied by a photo of her with an adorable one-year-old Lab pup. I have to admit I was a bit shocked. How would a third-year university student who goes to school several provinces away, and who lives in a house with six other girls, handle a young dog on top of classes, school activities, and a busy social life? I called my daughter’s cell to get a little more info. Turns out she was missing her dog at home so much that she and her roommates volunteered as foster parents. After qualifying, they picked up Ziggy a few days later, and soon my daughter was texting about how much his presence helped reduce the stress of student life, and filled the void she felt every time she left home. I could completely relate to how she felt. Many years ago, after our old Siberian Husky passed away, we felt we needed a break to mourn. Within a few months, we missed that doggie energy so much that we happily welcomed a new Husky into our home. Even the cat was elated! I always love to hear why people choose to get a dog. The answers run the gamut. “We’re going to be empty nesters soon, and we hope our pup will make that transition easier.” “My daughter has a disability and he helps give her confidence.” “I live alone and feel safer with a little watchdog (who also loves to cuddle).” Sometimes, it’s simply because the kids wear down their parents. I speak from experience here. As a kid, I suffered from asthma and allergies but that didn’t stop me from lobbying mom and dad for a dog…for years! I even wrote up a contract outlining the kids’ responsibilities (we’ve included one of these for fun in this issue!). Finally, my parents caved, and Lacey the Bichon Frise puppy bounced into our lives. We were in heaven! No matter what your reason for deciding to welcome a canine companion into your home, you can be sure you’ll have a friend for life. With positive training, socialization, and a healthy lifestyle, your dog will become a well-adjusted, beloved family member. Wishing you and yours a happy and peaceful year,





With so many wonderful breeds to choose from – more than 185 in this issue – you’re sure to find the perfect one for you! As for Ziggy, he got lucky. My daughter, who grew up around positive dog trainers, worked her magic on this lovely boy, and he quickly learned to behave and play respectfully. He now lives in his new forever home, with “strict instructions” from his foster mom to keep up the training. I love happy endings!






First of all, establish that everyone in the family is on board with introducing a puppy. Lay down some basic rules: who will feed him, take him out in the yard, walk him, train him, and groom him, where will he sleep, and so on. (See our Dog Care Contract on page 15.)



The importance of crate training

Using a crate is a very effective way to housebreak a puppy. Dogs have an instinct to seek out a “den”. A puppy will consider the crate his den and will not soil it unless absolutely necessary. It will also become his retreat when he wishes to nap undisturbed. A crate is also essential when travelling: a dog is much safer in a crate than roaming loose in your vehicle.

Age matters

Most people think that getting a dog means getting a puppy, but for families with small children or elderly relatives, an older dog may work out better. An older dog will have outgrown his puppy silliness and boisterousness, be house- and lead-trained, and should have some basic manners. If this is your preference, let the breeders know when you make your enquiries, as they may have an older puppy or young adult, or even a retired show dog, available for a new home. Rescue groups for a particular breed may also have a suitable dog.

The right breed

Consider the size of the dog and the ages of your children before committing to a particular breed. A rambunctious large-breed puppy might accidentally knock over a toddler, whereas a very small-breed puppy may get hurt if children play roughly with it. Many family-friendly breeds will happily welcome everyone into their homes. Some owners may be better suited with breeds that are known to devote themselves to just one or two people, and that will deter intruders rather than greeting all visitors indiscriminately with a wagging tail. Consider which temperament will suit you best.

all over the upholstered furniture unless regularly and thoroughly groomed! Flip to page 60 for grooming tips for every coat type.

Busy or laid back?

Some breeds are very active and require lots of exercise – in their traditional working roles, these dogs have been bred to spend long hours outdoors and on the move. If yours is a couch potato family, then choose a breed known for its more laid-back attitude. An energetic puppy forced into inactivity will find ways to amuse himself, including wrecking your home out of boredom! If you have ambitions for training your new companion for performance events such as obedience, agility or field trials, pick a breed known for its intelligence, trainability and suitability for such activities. Remember that these breeds are also likely to need a lot of exercise.

Coat care

Long-haired or smooth-haired? Be prepared for coat care regardless of the dog’s breed, but know that long hair requires a grooming commitment. Be sure someone in the family is willing to take on this task. A short-haired breed will cut down on grooming time, but the house-proud owner should be aware that many dogs will shed profusely




What will you need for your new puppy? There are a number of things you should have on hand before you bring him home.

R First, you’ll need the basics – a collar and lead, and an ID tag from your local municipality.

R Some puppy food is necessary, of course – ask the breeder what food her litters are raised on – and food and water dishes, too.

R He’ll need some toys for entertainment – try squeaky toys, soft toys and chew toys to determine which type he prefers. Turn to page 18 to learn more about different doggie playstyles.

R Buy some basic grooming supplies such as a brush, comb, shampoo and nail clippers. Depending on the breed and coat care required, more specific items might be needed later if you are intending to look after his coat yourself – e.g. electric clippers and different kinds of grooming shears and brushes.

R In your home, you’ll need a crate to confine him on occasions; it will also help housetrain him (see sidebar on page 13). Baby gates will help keep him out of certain areas of your home until he is completely trustworthy.


Once you have narrowed down suitable breeds, it’s time to contact breeders! If you have your heart set on a rarer breed, be prepared to go a long distance as you may not find a breeder locally; it’s also likely you’ll be put on a waiting list for a future puppy.

Have your questions ready

Ask questions of the breeder – she won’t mind sensible questions. Enquire how long she’s owned the breed, what dog-related activities she participates in, the guarantees and references offered, what health tests were done on the parents, and at what age she lets her puppies go to new homes. Also ask if you can return the puppy if he doesn’t work out or if you can no longer keep him. A reputable breeder cares very much where her puppies go, and if she cannot take the puppy back herself she should offer to help re-home him. Be prepared for many questions from the breeder too, regarding your suitability as a new owner.


The next step is to puppy-proof your home! Move houseplants up high (many are toxic), ensure trash cans are out of reach or have dogproof lids, keep medications and cleaning supplies behind closed doors, hide electrical cords, don’t leave small or precious objects within his reach, and ensure he can’t get into the cat litter box if you have one. Puppies are curious and insatiable chewers – anything they can reach will go into their mouths. Bringing home a new puppy is a time of excitement and anticipation for your family. Careful preparation beforehand will ensure your new pup has a great start in life.

R For bedding, use a towel or blanket that can be easily washed.

R You will probably want some books to educate yourself on your new companion. A breed book or two and a basic reference book on behaviour and training will be useful.



Stephanie Horan and her husband Terry got their first Puli in 1969 when they lived in England. They immigrated to Canada in 1974, bringing several Pulis with them. They have been breeding and showing ever since, competing in conformation and obedience in Canada and the US, though in recent years conformation showing has been their main interest. Stephanie is an award-winning writer and lives in Nova Scotia.



, promise to regularly care for, play



to always be respectful and kind.


with and love our dog. I understand that our dog is/will be part of our family and I promise




Making sure our dog always has plenty of fresh, clean water

Taking our dog on at least one walk every day

Keeping our dog safe

Cleaning up after our dog

Remembering that our dog needs to go for checkups at the vet

Keeping our dog clean and well-groomed

I also promise to help with the following responsibilities:

Feeding our dog daily

Gently and patiently training our dog to behave and do tricks


Respectfully teaching our dog the house rules


Playing with our dog on a regular basis






How to


for your dog BY EMILY WATSON


ifferent dogs have different play styles. When buying toys for your dog, think about the kind of play he enjoys most, and look for something that will satisfy that drive.

While most dogs today join our families as companion animals, they often retain the instinct to work the way their ancestors did. That’s why it’s important to keep your dog busy, both physically and mentally. Fortunately, play and toys can fill the void, and keep him from getting bored and anxious. To start, you need to determine how your dog likes to play.



WHAT’S YOUR DOG’S PLAY STYLE? Your dog’s play style can depend on several factors, including his breed. For example, dogs originally bred for hunting may prefer playing fetch over settling down with a puzzle toy. Other influential factors include his lifestyle, size, energy level, age and health. Here’s a breakdown of options to help you find the perfect plaything for your pooch.



Dogs like terriers and bulldogs have a tendency to tug. If your dog enjoys the challenge that tugging offers, look for a heavy duty rope toy that won’t break under pressure. Fibrous materials like cotton and hemp are ideal. As with all toys, opt for high quality. It will pay off when you don’t have to replace the toy within a week.



Balls and discs are the classic choice for dogs like retrievers and terriers, who love to chase and fetch. Manual and automatic launchers are another great option if you have a dog that “just won’t quit”. Manual launchers are simple throwing devices that double the distance of a regular toss by catapulting the ball. With automatic devices, you just drop the ball into the machine, which then launches it. You can even teach your dog to drop the ball in himself!



Many dogs – especially large breeds like Labrador Retrievers and German Shepherds – love chewing. Look for an eco-friendly product that’s less likely to contain toxic materials that can harm your dog if accidentally ingested. Of course, you should always take toys away once they’re damaged; this is especially true if there’s a squeaker. Rubber toys are great options for chewers, as they’re made to withstand excessive chomping. You can also stuff vessel-style toys with a healthy snack to keep your dog busier longer.

Toy Tip

Extend the lifespan of your dog’s toys and prevent boredom by rotating them. Stash a few toys away and bring them out once he starts to lose interest in his current ones. CanadianDOGS.com




Many breeds, like Border Collies, Bernese Mountain Dogs and Huskies, like to keep their minds as well as their bodies occupied. For canine workaholics, look for interactive toys that offer a goal to work towards. Again, vessel-style toys are great for this because they can be stuffed with treats as a way to challenge the dog. Try foods such as natural peanut butter and dehydrated sweet potato. Puzzle toys are another effective way to exercise your dog’s mental faculties. They encourage dogs to work for their meals by performing a series of tasks to access the food. Puzzle toys test your dog’s memory, sharpen his recall skills and can keep him occupied for hours. If your dog spends a lot of time alone, interactive robotic toys can be programmed to keep him busy until you return. Some dispense treats, while others move around to stimulate your dog’s senses and encourage him to keep playing.



Like children, a lot of dogs take comfort in sleeping and snuggling with their playthings. If your dog matches this description, look for plush toys he can take to bed. If he has a tendency to chew, however, monitor him during naptime to ensure he doesn’t decide to destroy his toy upon waking up. If you have to leave him alone, opt for a more solid, non-destructible toy. It might not be as nice to cuddle with, but like a security blanket, its presence can improve your dog’s sleep by offering him a sense of familiarity.

Emily Watson is an Associate Editor at Redstone Media Group, publisher of Animal Wellness Magazine, Equine Wellness Magazine, IVC Journal and Canadian Dogs Annual. She is a certified yoga and medical Qi Gong instructor and has been writing – creatively and otherwise – for ten years. Off the mat and away from the keyboard, Emily can be found hiking, camping and traveling with her wife and fur babies. 20




• improve mental health and development • help with training • teach your dog how to be independent • stimulate his natural instincts • clean his teeth and gums • increase physical activity • deepen your mutual bond • prevent boredom • offer comfort • relieve stress and anxiety.



The DOs and DON’Ts

of feeding human foods to dogs Find out which human foods are safe to feed your canine companion – and which aren’t. BY JUNIPER RUSSO

Can dogs eat table scraps? Should they? The simple answer is “yes”. . . and “no”. Experts agree that the wrong table scraps, especially when given too often, can result in digestive upsets, obesity, and sometimes even lifethreatening reactions. However, carefully selected human foods may actually benefit dogs because they add extra nutrients and variety to the diet. If you’re

already home-preparing

or feeding your

companion a healthy, natural premium food, you probably look at table scraps as treats rather than a substitute for a balanced diet. The basic rule of thumb is that if your table scraps are too unhealthy for you and your family to eat, 22


they belong in the compost or garbage bin – not in your dog’s bowl. Good judgment can make the difference between a healthy treat and an emergency trip to the vet’s office. Before you let your dog sample table scraps, refer to these charts to see what’s good for him, and what could make him sick.

DON’T ENCOURAGE BEGGING! If you don’t want your pup hanging around the table at every meal or pleading by your feet while you cook, toss table scraps and leftovers into his bowl. This will discourage begging and teach him to keep to himself during mealtimes.

Healthy choices 1 4


Turkey and chicken

Sweet potatoes


Cooked chicken and turkey are excellent treats for dogs, but watch out for bones, salt, and seasoning made with onions.

A great source of beta carotene – dogs can convert cooked sweet potatoes into this non-toxic form of vitamin A. They’re also a healthy way to satisfy a dog with a sweet tooth.

Fresh and frozen cooked fish can provide a dog with lean protein and highly absorbable vitamins. Cold water fish is also a good source of Omega-3 oils.




Lean red meat



Dogs adore the flavour and texture of red meat. Shreds of lean beef and mutton are chock full of highly absorbable nutrients.

Another great source of beta carotene, carrots have a satisfying texture dogs love.

Dogs can benefit from fresh apples as an occasional treat. Avoid giving cooked apples that have been heavily sweetened.




Boiled or scrambled eggs

Green vegetables

Unsweetened yogurt

Free-range eggs are loaded with vitamins, minerals and healthy fats.

Broccoli, green beans, turnip greens, etc. are excellent sources of fibre, vitamins and minerals – but shy away from anything that has been heavily seasoned or covered with rich sauce.

Yogurt contains “friendly” bacteria that facilitate digestion and enhance the immune system.



Give in moderation 1 4



Beans and soy products


Dogs digest cheese products more effectively than milk. However, it can still cause gas, bloating and stomach cramps. Cottage cheese is easier on canine digestion.

Many animals become gassy after eating beans and soy-based foods. However, a bite of tofu can be a healthy source of protein and key minerals.

This holiday tradition contains too much sugar, fat and salt to be healthy. If you choose to give ham to your companion, limit it to a few small bites.




Cooked potatoes

Whole grains

Cow’s milk

Peeled, cooked ripe potatoes can be an enjoyable snack, but dogs get little nutritional value from them. Unpeeled and unripe potatoes contain phytotoxins that are dangerous to your dog.

In small quantities, brown rice, quinoa and whole wheat bread can be healthy sources of fibre and vitamins, but on their own do not contain an appropriate nutritional profile for dogs.

Dogs lack the digestive enzymes necessary for breaking down milk sugars, so cow’s milk may cause diarrhea, gas, bloating and vomiting.




Beef liver


Canned fish

Liver can be a healthy source of many important nutrients, but feed it in small amounts. Because liver contains such high amounts of vitamin A, it can actually be toxic when given in very large quantities.

Unripe tomatoes contain tomatine and atropine, both of which are toxic to dogs. In moderate amounts, ripe tomatoes contain too little of these compounds to be harmful.

Canned tuna and salmon often contain a lot of salt. Select low-sodium options. Because of heavy metals, don’t feed tuna more than once a week, and opt for darker, flakier types.



Avoid completely 1 4


Tea and coffee


Spoiled or moldy food

Dogs are very sensitive to caffeine. Many have died after eating coffee grounds and tea bags, so keep these well out of your dog’s reach.

Dogs are highly susceptible to alcohol’s toxic effects. Wine, beer and mixed drinks can cause vomiting, lethargy, diarrhea and even liver failure.

Spoiled leftovers are never an acceptable pet food, unless he happens to be a vulture. They can contain toxic fungal compounds and infectious bacteria.


Grapes and raisins These contain potent kidney toxins for dogs. While a dog may not show obvious symptoms of poisoning immediately after eating them, a single serving of these sweet fruits can cause long-term damage.


Salty foods Hot dogs, tinned soups, deli meats, etc. contain far too much sodium for a dog’s body to process. They can cause electrolyte imbalance, kidney disease, tremors, seizures, vomiting, and in some cases even death.


Sweet desserts Dogs are poorly equipped to handle sugary foods, and are uniquely prone to developing diabetes. Classic desserts like cake, pie and cookies offer no nutritional benefits to your companion.


Onions This common veggie, used in many dishes, can destroy a dog’s red blood cells. This can lead to anemia, breathing problems, muscle weakness and death.




Cooked bones Raw bones offer numerous health benefits for dogs. But avoid all cooked bones, poultry or otherwise! They easily splinter and snap and may cause serious internal problems if swallowed.


Gravy and sauces Most sauces are too rich for a dog and may contain fat, seasonings, sugar and/or cream that can upset your companion’s digestion.

This favourite treat contains caffeine and theobromine, both of which can over-stimulate a dog’s central nervous system and cause life-threatening problems. Dark chocolate contains the strongest concentration of these stimulants.

Juniper Russo is a freelance writer and crazy animal lady. When she’s not busy spoiling and pampering her three animals and her two awesome kids, she writes about a wide array of subjects including animals, science, green living and health.




Prince William AND KATE



Drake Justin TRUDEAU



Celebrity photo credits courtesy of Shutterstock.com and: Prince William and Kate (S Kozakiewicz); Brad Pitt (Denis Makarenko); Drake (DFree); Meghan Markle (Kathy Hutchins); Kylie Jenner (DFree); Ryan Reynolds (DFree); Justin Trudeau (Lingtren Images).

Just like the rest of the world, Canada is buzzing about these famous personalities. We admire their style, we gossip about their relationships, and now… we can gush over their adorable dogs!


Beagle Portuguese WATER DOG I GREYHOUND talian Bulldog Irish SETTER English




Celebs and their dogs: Answers PRINCE WILLIAM AND KATE – ENGLISH COCKER SPANIEL This breed became much more popular in the UK after the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge invited one into their royal home. Lupo has been pictured alongside the couple’s son, Prince George, and the two make an adorable pair.

BRAD PITT – BULLDOG Divorces are never pleasant but, despite his split from Angelina Jolie, Brad Pitt walked away with a lifelong companion – the family dog, Jacques!

DRAKE – AKITA They say diamonds are a woman’s best friend – but Drake’s dog, Diamond, is his! This beautiful pup first made an appearance by the rapper’s side back in 2016, looking dapper and dignified.

MEGHAN MARKLE – BEAGLE This is a rags to riches story, if we’ve ever heard one! Meghan Markle’s dog, Guy, was rescued from a kill shelter by a group of compassionate Canadians. The soon-to-be-princess met him at an adoption event, and the rest is history! Word has it Meghan and the Queen bonded over their love of dogs.

KYLIE JENNER – ITALIAN GREYHOUND As the seventh-most-followed user on Instagram, Kylie Jenner has become somewhat of a beauty icon. It might come as a surprise, then, that she shares her home with more than a handful of animals, including her two greyhounds, Norman and Bambi.

RYAN REYNOLDS – IRISH SETTER This famous Canadian actor has been taking the whole world by storm with his performances in the Deadpool movies. But that’s not the only thing his fans are talking about. Reynolds and his wife, Blake Lively, have a dog named Billie that might be even cuter than both his parents combined!

JUSTIN TRUDEAU – PORTUGUESE WATER DOG Pets make politicians more relatable to the public – and this sweet canine is proof of that. Pictures of Prime Minister Trudeau’s pup, Kenzie, went viral in 2016 after word got out that he chose the same breed as former US President Barack Obama. And with the breed’s reputation for being great with kids, it’s no wonder! 28




The truth about




icks are creepy crawly members of the spider family. They latch onto your dog (and you) and feed for days. You often find them as molelike swollen bags of blood with legs attached, and their heads buried in the skin. And that’s the good news. The bad news (and the real problem with ticks) is that when they bite, attach and feed, they are sucking blood and passing along myriad potential diseases.





• Fever • Loss of appetite • Reduced energy • Lameness (can be shifting, intermittent, and recurring) • Generalized stiffness, discomfort, or pain • Swelling of joints


Worse yet, black-legged ticks, a stealthy and aggressive species, have quietly and rapidly invaded Canada. The same is true of other tick species (e.g. the lone star tick) that are expanding their territories northward from the US. All of which means you’ll want to polish up your knowledge of ticks and how to prevent tick bites – whether you live in Canada or travel south of the border.


For symptoms in people, see CanadianDogs.com/ lyme-symptoms.

TICK BASICS Ticks have wandered the world for many years. Paleobiologists recently found ticks millions of years old preserved in amber – one with a Lyme disease-like bacteria in its gut. While Lyme is the most common disease black-legged ticks transmit, at least 16 different diseases are caused by pathogens (disease-causing microorganisms) transmitted by these ticks and others commonly in North America.

The black-legged tick is a fairly new (and incredibly successful, from the tick’s standpoint) introduction to Canada. These ticks quite happily feed on anything with blood. They’ve been found on people, pets, wildlife, amphibians, reptiles, and birds.

To make matters worse, researchers regularly discover new ticktransmitted pathogens that cause diseases in multiple species, along with pathogens from other parts of the world that are globalizing.

It’s the black-legged tick’s taste for birds that allows it to spread. Young ticks can start feeding from a migratory bird in the spring, and as a result, the tick migrates north with the bird. In Canada, this mostly brings in ticks from the US, but sometimes they come from as far away as Europe or Asia.

Ticks transmit pathogens while feeding. They find their meals, politely called their “hosts”, by crawling up a branch or blade of grass. When a suitable host brushes by, the tick grabs on. After finding a warm, dark, moist spot, the tick then inserts its mouthparts, which consist of barbed harpoon-like hooks with a straw-like “tongue”. When it pierces the skin, the tick injects anticoagulants, immune suppressants, and an anesthetic so the host doesn’t feel the bite. Blood is mostly water, so the tick pumps the watery part of blood back into the host – in the process sloshing microorganisms (potential pathogens) from its body back into the host’s bloodstream. Depending on the microorganism, this transmission can happen within minutes to days. The exact time required depends on the pathogen, the host, the tick and other factors.

THE BLACK-LEGGED TICK (Ixodes scapularis, I. pacificus) There are many species of ticks, and from the point of view of people and their dogs, there really is no such thing as a good tick.

While the bird does all the hard work of flying, the tick quietly feeds from its blood. When the bird arrives, the fully-fed tick drops off and can then moult into an adult. If that adult can find a meal and a mate, you get even more ticks – a female can lay a whopping 2,000 to 5,000 eggs. Before climate change, many of these introduced ticks would die off in the winter. But now, between the changing climate and changing human activities, black-legged ticks are enjoying a population boom. Unfortunately, people and pets are not enjoying this population boom nearly as much, which is why you need to know how to protect your dog and yourself.

PREVENTING TICK-BORNE DISEASES IN DOGS Lyme disease is a concern in Canada, but it’s not the only tick-borne illness affecting dogs. Others include anaplasmosis, ehrlichiosis, and tick paralysis. For people who travel south with their dogs, the list of tick-borne diseases grows longer.




Tick checks – These can be challenging to perform regularly (i.e. daily) and consistently, but do check tick attachment “hot spots” on your dog. The most common areas where ticks are found include the head (almost 50%), followed by the legs, neck and chest (all close to 10%).


Application of veterinary-approved tick prevention products applied properly and consistently (i.e. on schedule) – It can be challenging to understand Bravecto, K9 Advantix II, NexGard and Simparica. It’s important to check with your veterinarian about specific products before obtaining them (or applying them) because your veterinarian understands your dog’s unique breed and health concerns, knows where you live (i.e. what the tick risks are in your region), and can modify recommendations for tick prevention based on your travel plans. A third option to potentially help with Lyme disease prevention in your dog is vaccination. This can be a controversial topic because some vets question the efficacy of the vaccine as well as its duration of immunity, and it’s not for every dog. Be aware that vaccination for Lyme does not protect your dog against any of the other tick-borne pathogens.

and your pup is one of the best ways to avoid disease. “Tick proofing” the back yard (see sidebar on page 33) and learning about the signs and symptoms of Lyme disease in humans as well as dogs is important. Ticks are small before they start feeding – about the size of a poppy seed for young ticks and a sesame seed for the adults. So it is important to check carefully for tiny black specks that look like new freckles – freckles with legs. Ticks are ancient but creepy creatures. They are now present in most of Canada and expanding in range and number every year. We need to pay attention to them because of the diseases they carry. Many good products and regular tick checks can help protect our dogs, while we humans have our big brains to help protect us. So get out and enjoy the great Canadian outdoors with your family members, four-legged and otherwise – but do so safely.

This image of a tick, preserved in amber, was discovered recently by paleobiologists and is estimated to be millions of years old.

Photo by George Poinar, Jr., courtesy of Oregon State University

Preventing Lyme and other tick-borne diseases is achieved by preventing ticks from taking a blood meal (especially an extended one) from your dog. This can be accomplished with two basic prevention tactics:

ARE TICKS A RISK TO HUMANS? Black-legged ticks and other species are happy to feed from anything that has blood. So yes – this means they are a risk to you as well as your dog. Performing tick checks on yourself

For more about ticks and ongoing research: • Where to look for ticks on dogs and cats: http://veterinaryrecord.bmj.com/content/early/2018/02/26/vr.104649 • Information on anti-tick products for dogs and cats: https://oahn.ca/resources/anti-parasitics-table-for-dogs-and-cats-canada-2018/ • Information on canine Lyme: ACVIM consensus update on Lyme borreliosis in dogs and cats: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jvim.15085 • Tick identification website – there are a number of tools and apps for this. One for Ontario is https://www.petsandticks.com and one for Quebec is www.etick.ca. • Preventing ticks in your yard: https://www.cdc.gov/lyme/prev/in_the_yard.html • Information on Lyme disease in humans: www.canlyme.com

Dr. Vett Lloyd is a professor of Biology at Mount Allison University, working on ticks and the pathogens they transmit. She is a founding member of the Mount Allison Lyme Disease Network and the Canadian Lyme Consortium, an interdisciplinary network of researchers tackling the biological, social and human dimensions of Lyme disease, and incorporating the Lyme patient community as full partners in this endeavour. She has a special interest in encouraging citizen science for tick surveillance activities as a way to help “tick proof” communities. Dr. Michelle Evason is associate professor in small animal internal medicine at the Atlantic Veterinary College in PEI. Her clinical and research interests focus on the role of “anything and everything” that aids increased veterinary (and pet owner) awareness and understanding of various medical disorders, with a slightly more specific emphasis on infectious disease (Lyme, tick-borne and leptospirosis), nutrition, and pet owner and veterinary perceptions of health and disease. 32




APPROACHES TO TICK PREVENTION For additional tick prevention, consider using essential oils (EOs) topically on your dog. They’ll need to be diluted in a carrier oil such as fractionated coconut oil. You can then further dilute the mixture with water so it’s not as greasy. Spray it on your hands and run them through your dog’s coat before he goes outdoors. If you’re outside all day, reapply. Look for sprays formulated specifically for dogs, since not all essential oils are appropriate. And ensure the products contain therapeutic grade EOs, for safety reasons. Another topical product, Tick Slick, is designed to deter ticks by making hair too slippery to stick to. It contains an emulsifying wax as well as lavender oil. When using topical products, always avoid the eye area, and carefully follow label directions. Researchers are also testing out nematodes, microscopic round worms that can wipe out other pests such as fleas. These friendly little bugs, which are harmless to us and our dogs, can be sprayed directly on your lawn to help control populations of undesirable insects.




6 3 Make your outdoor space less attractive to ticks with these simple landscaping techniques:

tall grasses and brush around the home and at the 1. Clear edges of the lawn. a 3 foot-wide barrier of wood chips or gravel 2. Place between lawns and wooded areas, and around patios and play equipment. This will restrict tick migration into recreational areas.

3. Mow the lawn frequently and keep leaves raked. wood neatly and in a dry area (this discourages the 4. Stack rodents that ticks feed on). playground equipment, decks, and patios away from 5. Keep yard edges and trees, and place them in a sunny location, if possible.

any debris from the yard that may give ticks a 6. Remove place to hide. Source: cdc.gov



How s ho ul d


u o

our do y o t lk g a ? t


f you talk to your dog, you’re not alone. But did you know the way you talk to her may make a difference? UK researchers Alex Benjamin and Katie Slocombe conducted two experiments to determine whether or not talking to your dog in “dog speak” (using a high-pitched tone with dog-related words such as “walk” and “good boy”) enhances the human-animal bond. “A special speech register, known as infant-directed speech, is thought to aid language acquisition and improve the way a human baby bonds with an adult,” explains Katie. “This form of speech is known to share some similarities with the way in which humans talk to their pet dogs, known as dog-directed speech.” Study results showed that dogs prefer to interact with those who speak in highpitched, emotional tones and utter dog-relevant words. The researchers hope their findings will be useful for dog lovers, as well as veterinary professionals and rescue workers.






ORAL CARE Prevent bad breath, plaque and gingivitis between vet visits. Brush your dog’s teeth on a regular basis to remove sticky surface buildup, toss her an appropriately-sized raw bone every now and again to scrape away tartar, and pick up an oral spray or gel to kill bacteria and freshen breath.

Take steps to make good vision a priority! Remove sharp, low-hanging objects that could cause injury to her eyes, and avoid use of harsh chemicals in your home and yard. If you notice signs of excessive discharge, itchiness, redness, or other issues, pay a visit to your vet.

EAR CLEANINGS Ear problems are common in dogs, so routine care is crucial! Perform weekly visual inspections to check for debris or damage, and use a tissue or cotton ball coated in a natural ear cleaning solution to gently wipe the opening of the canal.

MENTAL WELL-BEING Your dog needs to exercise her brain as much as her body! Provide mental stimulation by investing in an interactive toy, switching up your walking route, and engaging her in daily training sessions.


NAIL TRIMS Overgrown nails press into the ground when your dog walks, causing pain in her nailbeds. Over time, your dog will start to compensate for this discomfort by putting less pressure on her feet, which can lead to joint injuries and posture issues. So keep those nails short!




HELP YOU HELP HER! SPINE HEALTH Back pain is no fun. Spare your dog the discomfort by encouraging her to take it easy during playtime – especially if she’s a senior. Like us, dogs can suffer from slipped disks and other spinal issues due to overexertion, so intervene when she’s going too hard.

SKIN/COAT WELLNESS A healthy coat starts from the inside. Feed her a healthy, biologically-appropriate diet, and supplement with fatty acids and antioxidants. And reach for grooming products that don’t contain harsh, damaging chemicals.

• ANIMAL NECESSITY animalnecessity.com • BAIE RUN baierun.com • BIOLOGICVET biologicvet.ca • GRIZZLY grizzlypetproducts.com • LEBALAB lebalab.com • LIFEFORCE lifeforcepet.com • OMEGA ALPHA – omegaalphainc.com • PETZLIFE – petzlife.com • VETQUINOL – vetoquinol.ca/eng

ANAL GLAND HEALTH Chances are, if your dog’s digestive health is up to snuff, “butt scooting” won’t be a problem. But even healthy dogs can have trouble with their anal glands. Try adding some canned pumpkin to her regular meals for increased fibre. If the problem persists, talk to your vet or groomer.

PAW CHECKS DIGESTIVE WELLNESS Keep her system working well by feeding her a high quality diet! You can also consider digestive enzymes. Invest in food that lists whole meat as the first ingredient, and that doesn’t contain too many fillers, such as by-products, corn and soy, and artificial preservatives.

Your dog’s paw pads are tough, but they’re still susceptible to injury! Plan your walks to avoid ice and salt in winter, and hot asphalt in the summer – or buy dog boots. Perform frequent “paw checks” and consider a soothing paw balm to help protect and condition.




see the world t one point, the veterinary world thought dogs saw only in black and white. We now know they do indeed see in colour, although not the way most humans do. In fact, they view the world more like a person with redgreen colour blindness. Recently, Italian scientists created the first measurable test designed to assess colour vision in animals. Using a modified version of the Ishihara’s Test – commonly used for the diagnosis of human colour blindness – the researchers proved the hypothesis that dogs struggle to distinguish red from green. The Ishihara’s Test uses images of numbers disguised in a circle of red and green dots. People who are red-green colour blind cannot see the numbers. The new test for dogs used images of cats instead of numbers to engage the test subjects – one Irish Setter and five mixed-breed dogs between two and 13 years of age. According to the study’s lead author, Dr. Marcello Siniscalchi, the findings have direct implications for trainers and pet parents who want to improve their dogs’ attention skills. If you’re playing with your dog, he recommends using blue balls or discs instead of red. He also suggests you avoid red clothing or shoes if working with your dog on grass, because your dog will struggle to see your movements.



This is what people


This is what dogs




COMMON DOG parenting mistakes BY ERIN MULLEN


E ALL STRIVE TO DO THE BEST FOR OUR DOGS, BUT WE MAY OVERLOOK OR MISUNDERSTAND SOME ASPECTS OF CANINE CARE. CHECK THIS LIST OF SOME OF THE MOST COMMON ERRORS PEOPLE MAKE WITH THEIR DOGS, AND HOW THEY CAN BE CORRECTED. As much as we love our dogs, nobody’s perfect, and we sometimes make errors when it comes to their care. Most of us also know people in our neighbourhoods who really aren’t caring for their dogs as well as they should be. Education is the key to enhancing the health, safety and well-being of our canine companions. This article covers 12 of the most common dog parenting mistakes seen by veterinarians, and how to prevent or correct them.

Feeding poor quality food The ingredients in a dog’s diet contribute hugely to his overall health and wellness. Feeding high quality foods can add years to his life. You’ll have to pay more, but it’s worth the expense because it’ll save on vet bills down the road. Choose a dog food made from whole meats and vegetables, and that contains no artificial additives or cheap fillers or by-products. Don’t be afraid to contact the company and ask questions about their products, to ensure you’re giving your dog the best possible diet you can.

Feeding improper amounts

If a dog eats too much or too little, his weight will be inappropriate and cause a decline in overall health. As we all know, dogs love food, and will beg for treats and tidbits even when they don’t really need them. And being doting dog parents, we all too often give in to those pleading eyes, to the detriment of the dog’s weight and health. Work with your veterinarian to determine how much your dog should eat. A good rule of thumb is to feed based on his “ideal” weight.



Not providing enough water

Constant access to fresh pure water is essential to your dog’s well-being. Some people believe dogs only need water at mealtimes, but a dog should have a bowl of water available 24/7 – and the water in that bowl should be changed at least once daily to keep it fresh and clean. Remember to clean his dog bowl every day, too!

Leaving him outdoors too long

Dogs are greatly impacted by cold and heat, and can suffer tremendous damage to their health if left in inappropriate conditions, such as outdoors in extreme heat or bitter cold. Dogs must have protection from the elements, especially in accordance with their breed type. If you know of someone who leaves their dog out in all weathers, contact your local Humane Society and report the situation.

Yelling instead of teaching

Training a puppy or improperly-socialized adult dog can be a big endeavour. Most of us can probably admit we’ve shouted at our dogs at least once during the process, perhaps without even realizing we’re doing it. It’s important to know, however, that dogs react more strongly to the volume and tone of a voice than they do to the actual words. This means using a firm, steady set of vocal commands when training. Yelling only causes stress and fear.

Not recognizing canine boredom

When a dog isn’t challenged with toys, play times, exercise and interaction with humans or other dogs, he can become depressed and badly behaved. Some breeds, such as Border Collies and Australian Shepherds, for example, require more cognitive stimulation to avoid these behaviours and stay happy and well adjusted.



Overlooking small changes in health Because dogs can’t talk like we do, they can’t tell us how they’re feeling. And they’re also good at hiding discomfort – it’s a natural instinct that evolved to protect them from predators. This means you have to be vigilant and take notice of any alterations in your dog’s behaviour that might signal pain or illness. Pay close attention to any changes in his activity or energy levels, his playfulness, gait, appetite, etc. Even a very small shift could indicate a larger issue. Make an appointment with your vet if you feel something is off.

Forgetting to trim toenails

Leaving hazardous items within his reach

It’s easy to do. You’re cleaning the furniture or snacking on a handful of raisins when the phone rings and you go to answer it, leaving the cleaner or food behind you. But remember that many common things inside the home are toxic to dogs – these include raisins, grapes, chocolate, onions and artificial sweeteners, as well as household cleaners and many ornamental plants.

Left to grow too long, a dog’s nails can bend his toes upwards and make it difficult for him to walk properly. Canine nails can grow quickly, so don’t forget to check them often and either trim them yourself or ask your vet or groomer to do it. To get your dog used to having his nails trimmed, start him from an early age, and use praise and treats to make it a positive experience. Many dogs also have dewclaws that are never worn down with activity because they don’t touch the ground. These nails can actually grow around in a circle and into the dog’s leg.

Not checking his paws after walks Going for walks is a dog’s idea of paradise. However, rocks, twigs, glass and other debris can easily get lodged in his paws, between the toes. If your dog is limping, check his paws first, since it’s a common injury site. In winter, if your dog doesn’t wear boots, remember to clean the road salt or de-icer off his paws. 42



Not providing breed-specific exercise

Exercise is essential for all dogs. However, the type of exercise depends greatly on the breed of dog. By forcing one type of dog to fit into another’s exercise category, health can be compromised. Before getting a dog, do some research into the exercise his breed requires. If you love long hikes, don’t adopt a Pug or a Shih Tzu. If you live in a small apartment with no yard, a Siberian Husky or Australian Shepherd isn’t the best choice.

Being unprepared for health emergencies Accidents and other health emergencies will happen, but depending on when the crisis strikes, you may not be able to contact your regular vet. Be proactive and have a plan in place to prevent a serious outcome if your dog gets sick or injured. Have a canine first aid kit on hand, along with phone numbers for emergency veterinarians within the closest possible distance.

Studies show significant

GROWTH IN DEMAND for wet dog foods

By Jennifer Adolphe, Registered Dietician, PhD in Companion Animal Nutrition, and Nutrition Manager at Petcurean

As a pet nutritionist, my days often include answering questions about canine health and nutrition. I also get asked to share my thoughts on food trends. Here’s a snapshot of how consumer preferences are showing significant growth in the demand for wet dog food recipes:

Q: Why are we seeing more demand for wet food? A: Wet foods are a great option for those looking to feed their dog foods that contain ingredients they eat themselves, with the added peace of mind that convenience, food safety, and scientifically-balanced nutrition brings. Two of the primary benefits of wet foods are the extra moisture they provide as well as their high palatability when fed either as a complete meal or as a topper on kibble. The high moisture content of wet foods helps dogs stay hydrated and may offer urinary tract health benefits. Bone broth is an example of an ingredient that adds moisture and provides a delicious meaty flavour that dogs love. In response to the increased popularity of wet foods, Petcurean is introducing four new grain-free NOW FRESH™ wet recipes for dogs – two of which are specifically formulated for small breeds.

Q: What other ingredients are consumers looking for? A: Consumers are looking for personalized nutrition and

Erin Mullen is a freelance writer and entrepreneur living in Latrobe, Pennsylvania. She graduated from Saint Vincent College and enjoys spending her free time in the outdoors with her Boxers, Emma and Elsa.

whole food ingredients they recognize to help their dogs live long, happy lives. For example, Petcurean’s new NOW FRESH™ wet recipes for small breed dogs include parsley and peppermint to help promote oral health and fresh breath. The carton size for these recipes is also smaller. This helps ensure small breed dogs are not overfed, so they maintain their shapely waistlines and food is not wasted. For more information, visit www.petcurean.com







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ome people suggest it’s so one ear can hear us more clearly. Others believe it’s learned behaviour – many people tend to reward their dogs when they adopt this posture because it’s so cute. I suspect the real reason dogs tilt their heads has something to do with vision. They are simply trying to see around their prominent muzzles.

Try the following simple experiment:



Hold your fist up to your nose as shown in the picture. Now, in effect, you are viewing the world with a head shape of a dog, complete with muzzle. Look at a person’s face and you will find that the “muzzle” obstructs some of your vision. In particular, it reduces your ability to see the lower part of the face – especially the mouth, which plays a vital role in human emotional expressions.

Next, still with your “muzzle” in place, tilt your head as you look at the face. With this head posture you can now clearly see the mouth region.

In the absence of any research, I decided to collect some data to see if it supported my hypothesis. I conducted a brief Internet survey to gather information. People simply had to answer how often their dogs tilted their heads when they were speaking to them, on a scale running from “never” to “almost always”. Data was also gathered on the dog’s breed or head shape. Some dogs – technically known as breeds with brachycephalic heads – have flatter faces. These include dogs like Pugs and Pekingese. A less pronounced muzzle should mean less visual obstruction, so these dogs would not need to tilt their heads as much to see the lower part of a human’s face.

What the research showed Of the 582 people surveyed, 62% reported that their dogs “frequently” to “always” tilt their heads when they speak to them. When the 186 dogs with flatter brachycephalic heads were compared to those with more pronounced muzzles, we found that 71% of people with largermuzzled breeds reported that their dogs frequently tilt their heads when spoken to, compared to only 52% of people with flatter-faced dogs. This is a statistically significant difference that clearly suggests that head shape and muzzle size does indeed influence head tilting in dogs. Now, of course, 52% flat-faced dogs tilting their heads is still a large number, and it may be that even flatter muzzles obscure a dog’s vision to some degree – or more likely, that some other factor also contributes to this behaviour in all dogs. But at least we now have a clue to help explain this common pose!

Stanley Coren is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Psychology at the University of British Columbia. He is an award-winning behavioural researcher, and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. He has written books on dog behaviour and human-canine interactions, and received the Maxwell Medal of Excellence from the Dog Writers Association of America for his book Born to Bark. His most recent book is Do Dogs Dream?



Natural ways to prevent


You may assume bad breath comes with the territory of having a dog, but it doesn’t have to be that way.

Does your dog have bad breath? While proper dental care can certainly minimize smelly breath, by preventing periodontal disease and keeping your dog’s teeth and gums healthy and strong, it doesn’t mean his breath isn’t going to be unpleasant at times. Luckily, there are some simple and natural ways to help keep your dog’s breath smelling better!


Before we get started, be sure to take your dog to the vet for a checkup if you find his breath is consistently stinky even with optimal dental care (including routine cleanings, a high quality diet, and raw bones to chew on). Smelly breath could signal a health problem elsewhere. If your dog’s breath smells bad after he burps, for example, it could mean he has a digestive issue that needs to be checked out.

Parsley isn’t just for a garnish. Add a few sprigs to your dog’s food for a natural breath freshener.

Once other health problems have been ruled out, try the solutions in this article.

Coconut oil is naturally anti-fungal. One teaspoon, mixed with your dog’s food, will help his digestion and immune system, and is good for his skin, bones and brain. Coconut oil can also be used in lieu of doggy toothpaste. Raw carrots and apples are another option that dogs love. Chewing crunchy foods like these lets saliva wash away any food particles and acts as a cleanser to remove plaque and help his breath stay fresh.

Yogurt has high levels of calcium that are a boon to oral health; it also reduces hydrogen sulfide, a cause of bad breath. Be sure to use plain yogurt, without added sugar or sweeteners. If a kiss from your dog is what wakes you up in the morning, these simple suggestions can make it a pleasant experience. They’ll also boost his overall health. He may not understand why, but he’ll know a snuggle feels better than a loud “yuck!” when he licks your face. Sandra Murphy lives in St Louis, Missouri. When she’s not writing, she works as a pet sitter.

NATURAL BREATH-FRESHENING PRODUCTS Remember, regular brushing can also help with doggie breath. Always use a soft bristled toothbrush and dental pastes or gels formulated for dogs. Xylitol is toxic for dogs so stay away from products containing this ingredient. You can also look for effective and natural no-brush products that reduce or eliminate bad breath.








here’s a new class of mapmakers out there. They’re not plotting territories or any sort of topography; they’re mapping your dog’s DNA. This historical map, called the Canine Genome, can trace a dog’s evolution from an ancient wolf to a modern Labrador Retriever. It can also show us the locations of genes that trigger inherited canine diseases, and even find the source of particular behavioural tendencies. The Canine Genome Project is an expensive, labourintensive project that continues to grow in size. So you might ask why researchers are expending so much effort to understand the humble domestic dog. The answer is actually easy. After a period of skepticism and decades of research, scientists now recognize



that dogs are a geneticist’s dream. Purebred breeds are highly interbred for specific traits, so that means there is a remarkable degree of genetic similarity among individuals of the same breed. Purebred dogs also have well documented genealogies. This greatly simplifies the task of tracking down the genes responsible for the size, shape, or coat colour of the dogs, as well as mutations that cause disease. Imagine it like this: you want to find a mutated gene responsible for some inherited disorder. If you use groups of test subjects with very similar genetic makeup – except for the fact that one group has the disease and another does not – then the one different gene will stand out much more clearly. Continued on page 50.



Researcher Elaine Ostrander arrived at Berkeley in 1990 to do some postdoctoral work in plant genetics. While waiting on her fellowship funding, she took a temporary job with Rine and started building the map he needed of dog DNA. She never did make it to the plant genetics lab. When she left Berkeley three years later, she was committed to the Canine Genome Project. To continue her research, Ostrander needed lots of samples of genetic material from many different individual dogs and breeds. She haunted dog shows, collecting as much dog DNA as she could. Progress was slow until she found Gustavo Aguirre and Gregory Acland at the University of Pennsylvania’s School of Veterinary Medicine, who had been studying an inherited form of blindness common in Collies. They had carefully collected, stored, and documented a huge bank of blood samples from breeds that didn’t have the disease, but they knew they could never find the gene causing the blindness without that map of the Canine Genome that Rine envisioned. With the combination of samples and research data from these two labs, it took only a year to produce a preliminary map showing the positions of 150 markers on the dog genome. This allowed these scientists to determine that the gene causing the form of inherited blindness commonly seen in Collies was on chromosome 9. A few years later they isolated the specific gene itself.



The Canine Genome Project got its start thanks to plant geneticist Jasper Rine, at the University of California at Berkeley. Rine recognized that dogs were bred for specific behaviours, and that these behaviours most likely had a strong and perhaps easily identifiable genetic basis. As a sideline to his plant research, he crossbred a Newfoundland (friendly dogs that love water and know nothing about herding) with a Border Collie (which are somewhat standoffish, dislike water, and have a suite of built-in herding behaviours). After two generations of study, it became clear that a number of key behaviours were genetically determined. However, Rine also realized that he lacked a vital tool. He conceived the idea of creating a map of genetic markers made up of known stretches of DNA, so he could figure out which genetic material was passed on to make specific traits, such as strong swimmers or good herding dogs. This map would become the Canine Genome.


The scientific community finally accepted the Canine Genome Project after Emmanuel Mignot’s research team at Stanford University isolated the gene that causes narcolepsy in dogs. Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder that causes an individual to fall into an uncontrollable, involuntary state of sleep. Based on genetic samples taken from affected Doberman Pinschers, researchers determined the nature and location of the narcolepsy gene, which led to an understanding of a new molecular pathway involved in sleep. The results also garnered increased interest from scientists studying human genetics. With the realization that the Canine Genome Project could further understanding of human genetic problems, research funding finally started to flow in.


Ultimately, a nearly complete canine genome was recorded, starting with the genetic material from a highly inbred Boxer named Tasha. With a complete map of canine DNA, comparisons can now be made to determine the differences among breeds of dogs, and between dogs and wild canines, such as contemporary wolves, and even their ancient ancestors.



Researchers, including Elaine Ostrander (who is currently at the National Human Genome Research Institute) and her associates, continue to look for relatively rare breeds of dogs whose DNA are not adequately represented in the Canine Genome Project. She still requests samples of genetic material, which can now be obtained by simply swabbing the dog’s mouth. In this way, our understanding of the genetic map of dogs continues to evolve and become more precise.



Continued from page 48. Researchers now believe this work on the canine genome might have implications for understanding humans better. Dogs and humans share 95% of their DNA, and also share some of their species’ most common diseases, such as cancer, epilepsy, diabetes, heart disease, and even psychological and neurological problems such as Alzheimer’s, phobias, and obsessivecompulsive disorder. The Canine Genome may ultimately lead to solutions for issues in both our species!

WHAT THE CANINE GENOME TELLS US ABOUT DOGS Apart from the potential benefits to humans, the Canine Genome allows us to trace the history of dogs, their

The Canine Geonome research has identified 23 clades of dogs. (Shown here by colour)



evolution, and the effects that domestication and selective breeding have had on them. That means we can construct a timeline showing when particular dog breeds were created, as well as study the relationship among the various breeds. It can even help us understand how dogs migrated around the world. For example, the data seems to show that nearly all the dog breeds that were native to the Americas originally came from Asia, brought by migrants who travelled over a land bridge that existed across the Bering Strait. These original breeds were then virtually wiped out by the later influx of Europeans who arrived with their own breeds of dogs. Chart courtesy of NIH Dog Genome Project


HOW BREEDS DEVELOPED The Canine Genome research shows that there are at least 23 clades (groups of dogs based on their physical and behavioural characteristics). We also now know that dog breeds evolved in two separate historical stages:


 T  he early stage started when dogs were first domesticated and humans engaged in what could be termed “seat of the pants”applied genetics. Historically, if a person had a dog that showed a particular desirable trait, such as the ability to herd sheep, he would mate that dog with another who had somewhat similar characteristics in the hope he would get a better type of herding dog. This is how the early breeds of herding, hunting, and guarding dogs came to be. Although there were clear differences among the various lines of dogs, the concept of “breed” was much more loosely defined at that time.


 he world of dogs changed abruptly, and forever, in the T 1800s – the Victorian era. With a better understanding of breeding, designing dogs became a hobby of the middle and upper classes in England. Kennel clubs were established to keep records of the breeding of particular lines of dogs and to oversee dog shows that displayed and evaluated these selectively-bred specimens. This led to an explosion of new

DOG DNA The genetic material of dogs is stored in 39 pairs of chromosomes, each made up of tangled strands of DNA. The DNA molecule is shaped like a twisted ladder and each rung represents a pair of base chemicals. Think of these “rungs” as the letters in an alphabet that spell out the genetic makeup of a dog. In order to interpret the message in the canine DNA, over two dozen laboratories have measured the genetic makeup of more than 1,700 dogs from over 160 breeds. The labs then transcribe the pattern of occurrence of those 2.8 billion genetic “letters”, and organize them into sequences that make up the roughly 19,000 genes in the dog. In simple terms, think of these as a series of genetic letters that spell out words and sentences. These “written” instructions tell the body which proteins to produce and ultimately determine the dog’s development and behaviour.

breeds, with many of the most popular Retrievers, Spaniels, and companion dogs emerging during this era. Thanks to the Canine Genome Project, ongoing research into canine and human genetics will continue to shed light on the past, and hopefully result in improved health for both the canine and human species in the future.



Party Tricks Teach your to


People love to watch dogs perform tricks. And while not every dog will have his own YouTube channel, trick training is one of the fastest growing activities in the canine community. Not surprising when you consider that teaching your dog party tricks is an excellent way to keep up with his exercise needs, and provide enough mental stimulation to keep him happy and healthy. At the same time, it can help deepen the bond between you and your pup!



Here are three fun party tricks to try at home:

Roll Over

Hooped Arms

This trick can be challenging for some dogs, so go slowly. Keep in mind that if your dog is not comfortable with this behaviour, or tenses up due to excitement, you may want to take a break and try again when he’s more relaxed.

This is a fun behaviour that many high energy dogs enjoy. The key to this one is to take your time and have lots of patience!

Have your dog lie down in front of you.


Lure his head to his shoulder, click and reward for his efforts.


Encourage him to roll onto his side. Once he’s on his side, click and reward.


Proceed with these steps until he is comfortable on his side.


Continue to lure him all the way over until he successfully completes a rollover.



Have your dog sit on one side of you with his back against a wall. Place a reward on the other side of your arm away from him.


Tell him to get the reward. If he jumps over successfully, click and reward again. Continue until he is 100% successful.


After several attempts, create a circle with your arms and repeat the above steps.

Take a few steps away from the wall and ask him to jump through your arms.




Figure 8s A fun trick that almost every dog can accomplish with a little bit of training! Have your dog sit or lie down in front of you.


Dogs love their walks, but keeping them fit, happy and healthy requires a little more. Mental stimulation is often overlooked, when it can actually tire a dog out much faster than physical exercise. Spending just five to ten minutes a day teaching your dog party tricks can help provide him with all the mental stimulation he needs!

Lure him through your legs, rewarding him when he walks through.


A few tips to keep in mind

Continue to lure him around the other leg and reward when he completes the figure 8.


Keep him stimulated

Continue the above steps until your dog is comfortable with the trick.


Add a verbal cue and proceed to lure less, leaning side-to-side to help guide your dog.


To learn even more party tricks and start earning badges, download the Puppr app on IOS and Android.

• Keep sessions short. Each one should be no more than five to ten minutes in length. You want training to be fun, and to be able to keep your dog engaged in order to get the best results. End your session on a good note – before he’s bored or frustrated – to keep him wanting more. • Train with your dog’s meal. While treats are yummy, too many can cause belly upset, weight gain, and may not be good for your dog’s overall health. Using his dinner to train will provide enough food rewards to last two five- to ten-minute sessions each day, and it’s a super easy way to incorporate training into your daily routine. • Know his strengths and weaknesses. If your dog has bad knees, for example, you may want to avoid tricks that place extra stress on his joints. If he enjoys using his paws, try to select behaviours that incorporate them to make the training even more enjoyable.

Growing up in Ontario, Canada, Sara Carson successfully ran her own dog training facility for over five years. During that time, she taught dog tricks, obedience, puppy foundations and agility classes. Sara is one of the top international trick dog trainers and has received several awards showcasing her achievements. Sara and her Super Collies have made appearances on The Late Show with David Letterman, and placed 5th on Season 12 of America’s Got Talent. Currently, she is living in Los Angeles, California and spends her days performing along with teaching dog trick workshops around the globe. 54




Canada Healthy, home-grown foods are more available than ever! BY ANN BRIGHTMAN

A healthy diet is the foundation to a healthy life. So giving your pooch a good quality dog food means you’re giving him a big boost towards a long and happy lifetime of optimum wellness. Canadian-made pet foods abound, and because an ever-growing number of manufacturers are factoring wholesome nutrition into their formulas, there are lots of amazing options out there for your dog.


Buying Canadian is especially important these days, given the proliferation of harmful ingredients found in pet foods that source ingredients from countries where food safety standards are a lot lower than they are here. In addition, the rocky state of our trade relations with the US over the last year prompted many Canadians to look closer to home for food and other product choices, both for themselves and their pets. Sustainability also plays an increasingly important role for many people, and more manufacturers are looking for ways to help reduce pollution and preserve our country’s natural resources.


Let’s take a look at the world of Canadian-made dog foods, and how you can ensure you’re buying the best for your best friend.

Buying dog foods that source their ingredients as close to home as possible helps ensure that the diet you’re feeding your best friend is safe and healthy.



When it comes to dog foods, there’s more to choose from than ever before – from canned and dry diets, to frozen raw and dehydrated or freeze-dried selections, not to mention diets crafted for dogs with problems such as allergies, food intolerances and other health conditions. These may include alternative protein sources such as rabbit, venison, bison, and salmon.

As with anything, dog food quality varies between manufacturers, so it’s important to make sure you’re choosing the best you can afford, for the sake of your dog’s health and well-being. Look for companies that use high quality whole food ingredients that are sourced as close to home as possible. Chemical additives, synthetic colourings and preservatives should be avoided. Yes, premium foods cost more than commercial brands, but you’ll save money down the road with a healthier dog and fewer vet bills.




Food production, including dog food, uses up a lot of resources, including land and water to grow or raise the food, as well as fossil fuels to process and transport it. It also entails the deployment of tons of pesticides and herbicides on crops. Resource depletion and degradation, along with environmental contamination and rising concerns about climate change, are spurring many companies to implement practices that reduce their carbon footprints and make them more sustainable. Sourcing local ingredients is one major step to sustainability, of course, but some Canadian pet food companies are going further than that, by following humane animal welfare practices, utilizing renewable energy resources to dehydrate foods, and using organic or fair trade ingredients in their formulas.

This article only touches the surface of the many good quality, regionally-sourced, Canadian-made dog foods you can serve up to your four-legged friend (see resource guide on page 58 for a list of companies). By giving him safe, nutritious choices, you’re investing in his health and well-being, and taking steps to ensure he’ll be with you for many years to come.

“In Canada, regulations exist for the protection and welfare of companion animals and to provide assurance to consumers of proper nutrition in the pet foods they purchase at retail stores and online,” explains Robert Wheatley, CEO of Champion Pet Foods. “Pet food manufacturers and suppliers in Canada must belong to the Pet Food Association of Canada (PFAC). Further, PFAC members are required to comply with the nutritional standards maintained by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO). From a product safety standpoint, it should be noted the Canadian Government’s enhanced animal health safeguards make it illegal for any ‘specified risk materials’ to be fed to any animal, including dogs.” “Pet food sold in Canada must also comply with the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, administered by the Competition Bureau of Industry Canada,” adds Christine M. Mallier, PR & Community Relations Manager for Petcurean. Christine goes on to say that when Canadian pet food manufacturers export their foods, they are required to comply with the individual regulations of each country they’re exporting to. These companies also have to undergo multiple food safety audits to meet the high regulatory standards.

Ann Brightman is Managing Editor for Animal Wellness Magazine and Innovative Veterinary Care Journal. A lifelong animal lover, she has also been a writer and editor for almost 30 years. Ann is a member of the Professional Writers Association of Canada, and is also a Tai chi instructor.



THE GREAT CANADIAN Amore – MEGA morsels® are a high quality pet food made from human grade meat and fresh vegetables. Made in Canada in small batches, MEGA morsels® are free from hormones, steroids, antibiotics, byproducts, colours, flavours, and synthetic ingredients. Their proprietary dehydration technique preserves maximum nutritional integrity to ensure the best diet for dogs of all life stages. Available across Canada. “Benefits of raw, convenience of kibble.”® AmorePetFoods.com

Bold Raw – Bold Raw and Mega Dog Raw were founded in 2009 with a goal of providing a lowglycemic, affordable raw food diet that’s convenient to feed. They truly believe dogs and cats are family and deserve nothing but the best, and that’s why their products contain high quality human-grade ingredients from Canadian farmers. BoldRaw.com

Boréal – Boréal is a low-carb and low-glycemic food that aids with weight and diabetes management. Canadian-made from locally-sourced ingredients, Boréal is perfect for dog parents looking for high quality and affordable pet foods. Boréal has three lines of dry pet foods plus a line of Canadian-made wet foods. BorealPetFood.com

Canada Raw – Canada Raw is a pet food manufacturer based in Markham, Ontario. They process only human-grade quality meats that are 100% safe for dogs. Over 40 years in the meat industry has equipped Canada Raw with the expertise and knowledge of various breeders and customers to create top quality raw dog food. Their pet food consists solely of human-grade meats with no added grains or fillers. CanadaRaw.com

Crumps’ Naturals – Crumps’ Naturals believes your furry family member deserves to eat food that is made with farm-fresh ingredients and created with minimal processing. The Crumps’ brand encompasses an array of gently-dehydrated dog treats and food that contain no additives, colours, or preservatives and are made with North American-sourced ingredients. Crumps.ca

Inukshuk Professional Dog Food – Inukshuk Professional Dog Food is proudly made in Canada by Corey Nutrition Company, a family-owned pet food manufacturer located in Fredericton, New Brunswick. It’s formulated for working dogs of any breed, kennel owners, breeders, mushers, K9 units, service dogs, and any owners who require performance nutrition. InukshukPro.com

Iron Will Raw – Iron Will Raw is dedicated to making a premium raw diet for dogs and cats. As pet owners, they understand the importance of properly nurturing your canine and feline companions. As the first HACCP Canada Certified manufacturer in Eastern Canada, Iron Will Raw’s products are sure to be safe and of the highest quality, providing a superior option that pet owners can feel confident in when choosing real food for their companions. IronWillRawDogFood.com LifeFORCE – LifeFORCE is a handmade raw, complete, and natural diet that uses only the freshest meats and vegetables from Canadian sources. It is then dehydrated for feeding and storage convenience – LifeFORCE is shelf stable for up to two years! Tired of dealing with frozen raw meat? Just add water and LifeFORCE provides the healthiest nutritional option for dogs and cats with all the convenience of dry kibble. Requiring no refrigeration, LifeFORCE raw food is the perfect option for consumers with busy schedules. Safe, onthe-go health has never been more convenient! LifeforcePet.com

Champion Petfoods – Based in Edmonton, Alberta, Champion Petfoods specializes in biologicallyappropriate diets that mirror the quantity, freshness, and variety of meats that dogs and cats evolved to eat. Using only fresh, regional ingredients raised and harvested from nearby farmers, ranchers and fishermen, their food supplies nutrients in their freshest, most natural and nourishing form. Champion is dedicated to the highest standards of authenticity, nutritional integrity, and food safety. ChampionPetFoods.com



OTHER CANADIAN COMPANIES Artisan Raw Dog Food – artisanrawdogfood.com Canadian Naturals Dog Food – canadiannaturals.com CaniSource Dog Food – canisource.com Carnivora Dog Food – carnivora.ca Corey Nutrition Company Inc. – corey.ca Elmira Pet Products Ltd. – elmirapet.com First Mate Dog Food – firstmate.com Hill’s Pet Nutrition Canada Inc. – hillspet.com

Holistic Blend – holisticblend.com/en/ Holistic Blend Dog Food Sources – holisticblend.com Homemade Pet Foods – hmpetfoods.com Horizon Amicus Dog Food – horizonpetfood.com irRAWsistible Dog Food – irrawsistiblepetfoods.com K9 Choice Dog Food – k9choicefoods.com Legacy Pet Food – legacypetfoods.com Nestle Purina PetCare Canada – purina.ca

PET FOOD GUIDE Maples Avenue – How much more Canadian can you get than having a pinch of Maple Syrup in your ingredient list? This Super Premium food ticks all of the nutritional boxes for a totally balanced quality diet that pets absolutely love. Maples Avenue is great for all life stages and packed with a full list of top quality Canadian grown protein sources, fruits, vegetables and vitamins. MaplesAvenue.com

Open Farm – Founded in 2013, Open Farm is a family-run business focused on doing some good for pets, farm animals and the environment. Open Farm started with a desire to create a pet food that animal lovers could feel great about, both because it’s made with quality, nutritious ingredients that promote the health of pets, but also because it’s produced in a way that respects farm animal welfare while also having a positive impact on the environment. They produce grain-free dog and cat food recipes focused on a limited set of premium proteins, fruits, and veggies that are raised naturally, responsibly, and humanely. OpenFarmPet.com

Mountain Dog Food – Mountain Dog Food uses only fresh, raw ingredients with no synthetic preservatives. All their food is made using only 100% Canadian, locally-sourced meats and is produced in their own HACCP-certified facility following humangrade manufacturing processes. Since the company launched in 1999, many satisfied customers have reported that their dogs have stronger, whiter teeth, a glossy rich coat, and overall vitality after switching to Mountain Dog Food.

Petcurean – Petcurean is a family-owned Canadian company that creates premium-quality pet food recipes – GO!, NOW FRESH, GATHER, and SPIKE TREATS – that meet the needs of dogs of all different shapes, sizes, backgrounds, and ages. They use the highest quality, healthiest, and most flavourful ingredients available, selected from a trusted network of farmers, ranchers, and producers. At Petcurean, every decision and product is made with pets in mind.



Naturawls – Naturawls raw diet uses only locallysourced Canadian meat that is prepared with love and care in their own facility in Southwestern Ontario. Their meals follow an ancestral diet that features single-sourced proteins and limited ingredients. All their dinners follow a 70-10-10-10 ratio, and are in perfect easy -to-serve ½ lb or 1 lb portions.

Pets4Life – Pets4Life is Canada’s premium gourmet raw diet for pets, available in easy-to -serve 1 oz medallions and mini-bites. They use only 100% Canadian raised or caught meat, fish, or poultry, and take pride in using fresh, local, Canadian ingredients. Their recipes are carefully formulated and analyzed by degreed Animal Nutritionists to exceed AAFCO requirements, creating complete and balanced gourmet nutrition your pets will love.



NRG – More nutrition, more quality, more value! NRG Pet Products manufactures dehydrated pet foods at their facility in Armstrong, BC. Their food contains 100% edible, table-grade ingredients from North American farmers, locally-grown and harvested for five months of the year. They are proud to offer an organically-balanced food made with fresh fruits and vegetables, free-range meats, and wild-caught salmon, and absolutely no “offshore” or Asian ingredients. And it’s all non-GMO!

Spring Meadows – Spring Meadows Natural Pet Food was founded in 2004 with the goal of providing pet parents with the highest quality, raw ground, whole animal pet food. They pride themselves on sourcing ingredients locally, and rely on local farming partners who enable them to guarantee a quality product, offered at an affordable price. Spring Meadows’ fine grinding process ensures there are no large bone pieces, making their food small dog- and cat-friendly. SpringMeadowsNaturalPetFood.com


Nutram Dog Food – nutram.com Nutrience Dog Food – nutrience.ca Petkind Dog Food – petkind.com Pets Go Raw Dog Food – petsgoraw.ca PLB International Inc. – plbint.com Rayne Clinical Nutrition Canada – raynecanada.ca Red Dog Blue Kat Dog Food – reddogdeli.com Royal Canin Canada Dog Food – royalcanin.ca

Smack Dog Food – smackpetfood.com Spectrum Feed Service Ltd. – thegreatcanadiandogfood.ca Taplow Ventures Ltd. – firstmate.com Tri-V Pet Foods Ltd. – trivpetfoods.com Trouw Nutrition Canada Inc. Nutreco – nutreco-pet.ca

TLC Pet Food – Founded in 1994, TLC Pet Food remains committed to offering Canadian families and their pets premium quality pet food they can trust. TLC Whole Life Puppy and Dog Food are made using carefully-sourced, holistic, and biologicallyappropriate protein sources, including New Zealand Lamb, Farm Fresh Chicken, and Atlantic Salmon. TLC is sold exclusively online, made fresh, and delivered FREE to your door. TLCpetFood.com



Grooming tips BY BECKI SELBI

for different hair types

No matter what type of dog you invite into your home, he’ll need to be groomed! Understanding his hair type – and how much work it entails – is key to keeping him looking his best. 60


All dogs require grooming, with some needing more than others. Before you select a breed, make sure you understand his grooming requirements – his overall health depends on it! Be realistic when taking on the responsibility of maintaining a canine companion’s skin and coat, whether that means hiring a professional groomer or caring for your dog’s grooming needs at home. Consider time, budget, and your ability to do the job, as grooming can be expensive and requires dedication. Regardless of breed, all dogs require basic grooming such as monthly nail trims, regular ear cleaning, and routine dental care. Here are some quick pointers to help keep your dog’s skin and coat healthy:

SHORT SINGLE (SMOOTH) COAT (e.g. Doberman, Boxer, Chihuahua, Bulldog) These dogs are the “wash and wear” breeds. They can shed their short, coarse hairs and require brushing and bathing when necessary. Quality grooming products can reduce shedding and odour effectively. These breeds will require nail trimming at least once a month, as well as regular ear cleaning, but they don’t need haircuts. Tools needed: HandsOn Gloves, shampoo and conditioner, ear cleaner

HandsOn Gloves

SHORT DOUBLE COAT (e.g. Labrador, Pug, German Shepherd, Siberian Husky) These breeds shed their coats heavily two or three times per year and regularly throughout their lives. When dogs are in a heavy shedding cycle, they require a lot of undercoat removal to help with thermal regulation and to ensure the skin can breathe. You can use various de-shedding tools at home, but be careful not to cut or damage the coat. You can bathe these dogs up to once a week to help alleviate some of the shedding. Dogs with short double coats do not need their hair cut. De-shedder Tools needed: De-shedding tool, slicker brush, quality shampoo and conditioner, ear cleaner



LONG DOUBLE COAT (e.g. Golden Retriever, Pomeranian, Australian Shepherd, Border Collie) The grooming needs for breeds with longer double coats can vary. Some are more coated than others. If you have a more heavily-coated dog, she will require daily brushing and bathing to ensure the undercoat doesn’t become impacted or matted. Thoroughly drying your dog after bathing is important to maintaining skin health. A less heavily-coated dog may only require brushing once a week to remove shed hair and detangle longer areas such as the tail and hind end. Trimming the furnishings (longer hair) and feet is sometimes done to neaten the dog’s appearance.

Slicker brush

Tools needed: Slicker brush, greyhound comb, de-shedding tool, quality shampoo and conditioner, ear cleaner

DROP COAT AND CURLY COAT (e.g, Maltese, Yorkshire Terrier, Shih-Tzu, Poodle, Portugese Water Dog) The hair on these beautiful dogs does not stop growing and will eventually touch the ground. Curly coats will continue to grow as well. The options for haircuts are endless. Basically the longer the hair, the more grooming is required. The breed standard for most drop coat breeds is long and flowing to the ground. The amount of time, energy and skill required to maintain a dog in full coat is not always realistic for the average person, so you may choose a shorter style. Generally, these dogs require daily brushing and combing, weekly bathing, and a full body haircut every four to eight weeks, regardless of hair length.

Greyhound comb

Tools needed: Greyhound comb, firm-bristled slicker brush, quality shampoo, conditioner and detangling spray, ear cleaner

WIRE COAT (e.g. Brussels Griffon, Irish Wolfhound, many Terriers) To preserve the hair texture of a dog with a wire coat, specialized grooming procedures are mandatory. Specific tools and techniques are used to remove the softer undercoat while maintaining a healthy top coat all over the dog. You may choose to clip the hair, but this will compromise the texture and arguably the health of the dog’s skin and coat. These special grooming techniques are best learned from the dog’s breeder or handler, or a groomer who specializes in hand-stripping. The coat must be worked several times a year to achieve optimal growth. Wire coats take dedication!

Hand-stripping knife

Tools needed: Specialized hand-stripping knives, ear cleaner

Becki Selby owns a busy grooming salon in Peterborough, Ontario and serves as a sales consultant for an all-natural pet health company. She has worked with animals since 2000 in a variety of capacities, including veterinary assistant, pet food retailer, and pet store manager. Becki has been involved with conformation dog shows and has worked with dog trainers. Her passion is advocating for animal health and welfare.







If you were a dog, what breed would you be? Take this quiz to find out!

Circle your answers, then turn to page 66.

Which of the following best describes your ideal Saturday morning? A) Hiking, biking, jogging or swimming –

C) Something productive!

anything that helps me burn some energy!

B) Sleeping in, of course.

Running errands or working, most likely.

D) Whatever my friends want to do!

How would you describe yourself? A) Adventurous

C) Busy body

B) Cool, calm and collected

D) People pleaser

What do you look for in a friend? A) Someone who can keep

C) Loyalty is important,

up with me!

but I like my personal space!

B) A laid-back individual who can sit and talk for hours

D) Someone who’s always there for me, no matter what

What words do you live by? A) Live life to the fullest

C) If at first you don’t succeed, try, try again

B) Stop to smell the flowers

D) All you need is love What’s your dream job? A) Whatever lets me travel the world! B) I’d rather not work…

C) Lawyer or doctor – something that challenges me

D) Stay-at-home mom/dad

Which of the following best describes your lifestyle? A) I’m always on the go, socializing with friends and hosting parties

B) Netflix and chill? Yes, please.

C) I’m too busy with work and school to have a life

D) My life revolves around my family, and I wouldn’t have it any other way!



Describe your perfect date. A) A full day of hiking, rock climbing and bungee jumping

B) A cozy night in

C) I don’t have time to date D) A romantic, candlelit dinner following by a leisurely stroll along the beach at sunset

What would you rather get for Christmas? A) Camping gear

C) A pots and pans set

B) A gift card to my

D) A necklace that belonged

favourite restaurant

to my late grandmother

How are you most likely to spend your next birthday? A) A big surprise party with everyone I know

B) At home with a glass of wine and a bubble bath

C) Pretending it’s not my birthday. I have more important things to do!

D) A quiet dinner with my closest family and friends

How much time do you spend getting ready every morning? A) I spend hours getting ready… my hairstylist is basically my BFF!

B) I just do what I have to in order

C) Wake up and go! D) I’m too busy getting my kids ready to worry about myself!

to look presentable.

How do you prefer to get your sweat on? A) Beach volleyball

C) Cleaning the house

B) Yoga or Pilates

D) A brisk walk with a close friend

Where would you prefer to live? A) The city – it’s never boring!

C) A farm

B) A small cabin by the lake

D) Home is where the heart is







Breeds: Bearded Collie, Labrador Retriever, Papillion, Poodle, Portuguese Water Dog, West Highland Terrier

Breeds: Bullmastiff, French Bulldog, Great Dane, Greyhound, Newfoundland, Saint Bernard, Shih Tzu

“Busy” is your middle name, and you wouldn’t have it any other way! You’re always up for a challenge and you never say no to adventure, even if it scares you. Others envy your bold, tenacious nature, and love spending time with you. Your eagerness to please others makes you a great person and an even better friend, and you have plenty of love to give. Keep having fun and spreading your joy, but remember that energy isn’t infinite, and take precautions to ensure you don’t burn out.

You’d rather be lounging – and that’s okay! You’re an expert at taking it easy and never let obligations get in the way of your self-care routine. Your friends and family appreciate your steady composure, and admire your ability to instill a sense of calm in every room you enter. You know how to appreciate silence, and have mastered the art of staying unruffled amid a busy, stressful world. Step out of your comfort zone by setting aside time each day to socialize with others – and don’t forget to exercise!



Breeds: Beagle, Bernese Mountain Dog, Border Collie, German Shepherd, Great Pyrenees, Rottweiler, Siberian Husky


You thrive on structure and believe there really is no substitute for hard work. In fact, the word “quit” isn’t even in your vocabulary. You’re the person others turn to when they need help because your industrious attitude is infectious, and the pressure of performing well only spurs you on! Focus and efficiency have helped you achieve many of your goals in life, and you’re always seeking out methods for self-improvement. Take steps to prioritize in order to avoid exhaustion, and be careful not to let your steadfastness turn to stubbornness!

Breeds: Boxer, Collie, Golden Retriever, Newfoundland, Pug



There’s nothing you love more than your people. You let loyalty and compassion guide you, and you’re never too busy to spend time with loved ones. If someone needs advice, you’re the one they call, and you always manage to find the right words. You consider yourself pretty easygoing, and so does everyone else in your circle. They value the fact that you’re up for anything, as long as it involves good company! Be careful not to give too much of yourself. Empathy is a great quality, but it can be harmful if you take on others’ pain as your own!


spayed or neutered? BY KAREN SHAW BECKER, DVM

In North America, spaying and neutering are generally regarded as a necessary and responsible approach. But new research indicates these procedures can negatively impact a dog’s health. So what’s the solution?




In North America, dogs are routinely spayed and neutered when they’re between four and nine months old. In order to be considered a responsible owner of a female dog, you’re expected to spay her before her first estrus cycle. However, recent studies have found that spaying and neutering dogs, especially too early in life, can have a detrimental effect on their health. What many of us here don’t realize is that intact dogs are the norm in Europe. When female dogs go into heat, people simply manage the situation by removing them from group events until the heat cycle is complete. The dogs are kept at home or sequestered from males, and are walked on a leash. Alternatively, their guardians implement ways to prevent unwanted pregnancies (more on this later).

WHY IS SPAYING AND NEUTERING AN ISSUE? The problem with de-sexing dogs is that we’re not just sterilizing them; we’re also removing extremely important sex hormonesecreting tissues, namely the ovaries and testes. As a result, we’ve created health problems that are non-existent or significantly less prevalent in intact pets. Over the last several years, a number of small, breed-focused and primarily retrospective studies have been conducted on the effects of spay/neuter in large and giant breeds, providing us with a growing body of evidence that indicates spaying and neutering, especially early in life, may increase the risk of serious health problems. In large and giant breed females, for example, increases the risk of obesity, cranial cruciate ligament hip dysplasia, urinary incontinence, cystitis, and types of cancer, including lymphoma, mast cell hemangiosarcoma and osteosarcoma.

spaying disease, several tumors,

MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS IN DE-SEXED DOGS Removing a dog’s ability to produce important hormones while his/her skeleton is still developing can result in delayed closure of the growth plates at the end of each long bone. This can cause a dog’s legs to grow longer than normal. • One study indicates that Labrador and Golden Retrievers desexed before six months of age develop one or more joint disorders at two to five times the rate of intact dogs. • When it comes to problems with cranial cruciate ligaments, large breed dogs spayed under six months of age have three

times the risk for early life CCL injuries, while dogs de-sexed at any age have a two to three times higher incidence of CCL disease compared with intact dogs. • In a study of several hundred Golden Retrievers, none of the intact dogs had CCL disease; however, 7.7% of spayed females who were “fixed” before they were a year old developed CCL injuries. • Another study of 40 years of data collected on a range of different dogs de-sexed at a variety of ages showed a 17% increased risk of hip dysplasia.

HOW I APPROACH THE STERILIZATION ISSUE Over the years, I’ve changed my views on spay and neuter, based not only on research, but also on the health challenges faced by many of my canine patients after sterilization. My current approach is to work with each individual client to make decisions that will provide the most health benefits for the dog.

1. Whenever possible, I prefer to leave dogs intact. However, this approach requires a highly responsible pet guardian who is fully committed to and capable of preventing the dog from mating (unless we’re talking about a breeder, of course).

Cancers linked to de-sexing • Research shows that intact large and giant breed dogs have a lower risk of developing lymphoma than de-sexed dogs. Another risk factor for lymphoma is desexing before the age of one. Spaying/neutering is also associated with a two to four times higher risk for mast cell tumors. • In another study, Rottweilers who were de-sexed before they were a year old had a one-in-four lifetime risk for bone cancer; and in general, they were significantly more likely to develop the disease than intact Rotties. • A further study concluded that from 1980 through 1994, the risk for bone cancer in large breed purebred dogs increased twofold in dogs that were de-sexed. Spayed or neutered dogs are also three times more likely to develop transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder than intact dogs. • A number of studies have also linked behaviour problems to early de-sexing.



But I thought spaying and neutering was healthier for my dog

While research indicates there are many benefits to leaving your dog intact, veterinarians tell us there are also some benefits to spaying and neutering. Getting rid of the sex hormones will reduce mammary, ovarian and testicular cancers, for instance. Of course, it’s important to weigh the benefits against the risks. Ovarian cancer occurs only rarely, so you must consider the small risk against the health benefits of preserving hormones. Female dogs should be monitored for mammary tumors after middle-age. You can do this when you rub your dog’s tummy. These tumors are usually benign and should be removed promptly. For males, leaving the testicles and hormones intact means that testicular cancer, perianal gland tumor, and enlarged prostate may occur. If these occur later in life, though, the vet will typically castrate the dog at that time. In the meanwhile, the dog has benefited from the natural hormones present prior to castration.

It’s important to note that I’m not advocating the adoption of intact shelter animals to people who may or may not be responsible pet owners. Shelter veterinarians don’t have the time or resources to build a relationship with every adoptive family, so the animals in their care must be sterilized prior to adoption to prevent more litters of unwanted pups.

2. My second choice is to sterilize without de-sexing. This means

Responsible care of an intact female dog

performing a procedure that will prevent pregnancy while sparing the testes or ovaries so they can continue to produce the hormones essential for the dog’s health and well-being.


Intact female dogs have one or two heats a year. Female dogs can get pregnant only during heats, and for about three to four days. Some dogs will exhibit receptive behaviour, including flagging, which means lifting the tail base up and to the side. Others show no behaviour signs whatsoever. It’s important to know the signs of heat in your own dog. If you have a female dog in heat, you should never leave her alone outside, even for a second, and even in a fenced-in yard. Another way to prevent unwanted pregnancies is to use a product such as the Delay Her Spay harness. Made from soft and durable webbing with a mesh backing, it’s designed to keep the dog’s hind end covered at all times, while allowing her to urinate through the mesh, and defecate over the top. The heat cycle lasts about three weeks, and bleeding can be unpredictable during this time. It isn’t consistently heavy nor does it occur every day all day. Many people with intact female dogs invest in special diapers or panties. Typically, though, female dogs are incredibly good at keeping themselves very clean. Most of the time, there's very little mess.


For females, this involves either a tubal ligation or a modified spay (basically a hysterectomy). The modified spay removes the uterus while preserving the hormoneproducing ovaries. It also eliminates the possibility of pyometra (uterine infection) because the uterus is removed. For males, a vasectomy is a good option, since it sterilizes the dog while sparing testosterone. The procedure is fast, and less invasive than castration. Unfortunately, most veterinary schools only teach full spays and neuters, so unless your vet has obtained additional training in sterilization techniques that spare the ovaries or testicles (which is unlikely), you’ll have only one option available. The Parsemus Foundation (parsemus.org) maintains a list of vets that perform ovary-sparing spays and also has instructional videos for vets who want to learn the technique. In this case, my suggestion would be to wait until your dog has reached full musculoskeletal maturity; and if you have a female, I’d wait until she has completed her first estrus cycle before scheduling the surgery. Keeping your dog intact, or at least delaying the spay/neuter procedure, can help prevent a host of health problems down the road. Having an intact dog comes with some extra responsibilities, of course, but they’re not onerous and are well worth the effort.

Veterinarian Dr. Karen Shaw Becker received her degree from the Iowa State College of Veterinary Medicine. She owns/operates Natural Pet Animal Hospital, Feathers Bird Clinic, TheraPaw Rehabilitation and Pain Management Clinic and Covenant Wildlife Rehabilitation in Illinois. She co-authored Real Food for Healthy Pets and hosts a holistic animal wellness website (mercolahealthypets.com).



Essential oils and your dog BY KELLY MARK, DVM



ou can’t go too far these days without running into essential oils. They’re everywhere – online, in the news, and lining the shelves of almost every retail store. So why all the excitement, and how do you use essential oils safely and effectively on and around your dog?


WHAT ARE ESSENTIAL OILS? For centuries, essential oils have been used for their healing and restorative properties, not to mention their wonderful scents. Essential oils are the natural, volatile aromatic compounds found in various parts of plants. If you have ever smelled a flower or fresh herbs from your garden, you have experienced essential oils. Pure, high quality essential oils are the extracted and concentrated form of these volatile aromatic compounds. They are often 50 to 70 times more potent than herbs and are extracted from the plant by either steam distillation or cold-press processing. Although essential oils aren’t truly “oils”, they are “lipophilic” or fat-loving in nature and can easily penetrate into skin and cells. They boast antiseptic, anti-histaminic, and anti-tumoral properties, and can be used to stimulate immunity and balance the hormonal systems in humans and their dogs.

WHY USE THEM? When we use essential oils on ourselves and our dogs, we harness their healing powers for our benefit. They are safe, natural and effective alternative solutions for common ailments and can complement, enhance, and even replace conventional therapies – without the side effects. Plus, unlike synthetic or manmade compounds, plants are adaptable, which helps prevent bacterial resistance.

Whether you’re seeking relief for your dog’s skin issues, anxiety or emotional problems, inflammation or pain – or need a way to ward off pesky bugs – essential oils can help!

highly concentrated nature of essential oils, use a ‘less is more’ approach. As a general rule of thumb, the smaller the dog, the greater the dilution. Age, health status, and essential oil choice are other factors to consider. Dilute by mixing your chosen essential oil with a carrier oil. Fractionated coconut oil is a good option for dogs – it’s lightweight, odourless, non-staining, and won’t leave your dog looking like Elvis! Dilution ratios vary widely, but usually one drop of essential oil per teaspoon of carrier oil is a safe bet. For “hotter” oils like cassia, cinnamon, clove, oregano, rosemary and thyme, start with one drop of essential oil to four tablespoons of carrier oil. If you’re using a mild essential oil, up to four drops per teaspoon of carrier oil for a large dog is typically fine. Once diluted, apply a drop or two of the mixture where desired, being careful to avoid the eyes, ear canals, nose and other sensitive areas.

3. Internally Internal or oral use of essential oils is still quite controversial. Although taking oils internally is very effective in some instances, it requires appropriate dilution and dosing, so it’s always best to consult a professional first. Keep in mind that some oils aren’t meant for oral ingestion at all, while others simply aren’t of high enough quality to be safe.


Hundreds of essential oils can offer health benefits to our canine companions. The following five are among the most useful:

HOW TO USE ESSENTIAL OILS ON AND AROUND YOUR DOG 1. Aromatically To safely diffuse essential oils around your dog, first choose a high quality oil. Each individual is different, so let your dog be your guide! Monitor his response, especially in the first 20 minutes. If you notice any abnormal behaviours, choose a different oil. Use a water-based diffuser and start with a drop or two of your chosen essential oil. Always allow your dog the opportunity to leave the area.



As one of the highest anti-inflammatory oils, copaiba’s uses for dogs are limitless. Copaiba contains the highest level of a cannabinoid called Beta-Caryophyllene (BCP) of any essential oil, giving it similar benefits to cannabidiol (CBD) oil at a fraction of the cost. Its therapeutic benefits extend to all systems of the body, making it a great choice for pain as well as musculoskeletal, gastrointestinal, dental a n d urinary issues – to name a few.

2. Topically When it comes to topical use of essential oils on dogs, appropriate dilution is key to avoiding adverse reactions. Because of the



It can be given simultaneously with NSAIDS or potentially be used to replace them. Copaiba can be used aromatically, topically or orally. It is very easily accepted by dogs, having minimal scent or flavour, and can be mixed with food. Copaiba also potentiates the effects of other oils, making it great for use in blends.



Test the dilution of an essential oil by rubbing a small amount on your inner forearm before applying it topically to your dog’s skin.



This is truly a first aid oil that no dog parent should be without. Think of lavender oil as an aid for “all things red” – whether emotional or physical. Its calming properties decrease anxious feelings and provide relaxation and rest. For the skin, the natural antiseptic and antihistamine It is safe, well tolerated and has a synergistic effect with other properties help with irritations, bug bites and fungal oils. Considered a “life force” oil, Frankincense can aid with infections. Respiratory issues also show significant benefit life transitions from birth to death. It can be used aromatically, from diffusing lavender oil. topically or internally. Most commonly used aromatically or topically, it is often used synergistically with Frankincense. If you have a doggy who is suffering from “old dog brain”, this combination can work wonders. The “king” of essential oils, Frankincense is the oil to use “when in doubt”. It soothes skin conditions, promotes cellular repair, stimulates the immune system, and has both anti-tumoral and anti-seizure effects.


The use of low quality essential oils is the reason behind most of the controversy surrounding aromatherapy for pets. Many essential oils on the market are untested and contain synthetic or adulterated oils and fillers. Believe it or not, these products actually have very little or no essential oil in them. They’re not “pure” or “therapeutic” (as the label may claim), and can be potentially harmful, causing various adverse reactions and disruption to the endocrine and/ or hormone systems. For this reason, certain essential oils should be avoided for use in or on dogs. Birch and wintergreen (and blends containing them) are among the most commonly adulterated essential oils on the market, and have resulted in cases of toxicity. They also contain high levels of the compound methyl salicylate, which can be toxic and potentially lethal if overdosed in dogs. Likewise, tea tree oil has exceptional healing properties, but due to its’ gross misuse and the low quality of many products, it is generally not recommended for dogs. There are lots of safe and effective alternatives, so reach for those instead. 74




Ginger essential oil is most commonly used blended with other oils for nausea, including motion or car sickness. It also has antiinflammatory, anti-spasmodic and motilityregulating effects on the gastrointestinal tract, making it great for your pup’s digestion. Its benefits do not end there, however, as its anti-inflammatory effects extend to other body systems, including the lungs and the musculoskeletal system. Considered a “warm” oil, ginger helps soothe muscles, so is great for doggy athletes. As ginger also boasts natural anti-coagulant properties, some caution should be observed for dogs with any abnormal bleeding. Combine ginger with oils of peppermint, caraway, coriander, anise, tarragon and fennel to improve your dog’s digestive system. Whether his stool is too soft, too firm, or too smelly, or he’s experiencing an upset tummy due to diet changes or car rides, digestive blends can help! Dilute and apply topically to your dog’s stomach, or diffuse in the car to help decrease motion sickness. Continued on page 82.




HOW TO SHOP FOR QUALITY Continued from page 80.


Often used in insect repellent blends, cedarwood is a great option for dogs that love the outdoors. Combine with other tick, flea and mosquito repelling oils such as catnip, citronella, eucalyptus, lavender, lemongrass, rose and various citrus oils for extra bug-busting action! These can be diffused, diluted and applied topically, or added to shampoos and sprays to be applied to your dog’s hair, collar or bandana. Simply place a drop or two of the diluted blend into your hands, then rub them into your dog’s coat – paying special attention to his legs and neck – before venturing out of doors. If you can smell the oils, they are still working!

Buying high quality essential oils will provide confidence that the products are good for everybody in the household, pets included.

• Beware of store-bought products that say “for aromatic use only”. • Go to a reputable source. • Read, read, read! It’s important to become an informed consumer.

LOOK FOR A COMPANY THAT: • Produces a consistently pure, potent and truly therapeutic grade essential oil.

Essential oils are not to be feared – they are to be understood and appreciated for all the benefits they can impart to you and your dog. They are a hidden treasure and art that many are coming back to, and for good reason.

• Utilizes sustainable, fair trade sourcing from indigenous or like countries.

This article is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent disease. If your pet has health concerns, seek the advice of your veterinarian.

• Performs multiple tests at various stages of production, to ensure standards that are beyond organic.

• Displays transparency through costly, independent third-party testing.

Kelly Mark, BA, DVM, (AKA “Canada’s Oily Vet”) is a double graduate from the University of Guelph. She practised as a veterinarian for 14 years, until a car accident forced her from regular practice and led Kelly to discover the amazing benefits of essential oils. A boxer named Hank, along with extensive oil research, brought Kelly full circle — back to the world she loves, helping pets and their people. Kelly now educates people on the safe and effective use of essential oils for pets and their peeps. You can find Kelly at canadasoilyvet.com or email kelly@canadasoilyvet.com





for your BY

















any dogs love riding in the car. Whether it’s a trip to the park, a visit with your family or a playdate with some canine buddies, safe car travel is as important for your dog as it is for your human passengers. Even a relatively minor fender bender can be potentially fatal for a dog who’s loose in the vehicle. A sudden stop can pitch him into the back of a seat, or worse, into the windshield.


This issue is so widespread that many jurisdictions in North America have added “loose dogs in vehicles” to distracted driving laws. South of the border, in New Jersey, for instance, tickets range from $250 to $1,000 for dogs riding on the driver’s lap or otherwise distracting him or her. In Canada, drivers could be charged under sections in the provincial Highway or Motor Vehicle Acts. In British Columbia, for instance, you could pay $167 and receive a 3 demerit point penalty for “distracted driving” or $368 if you are charged with “driving without due care”. In Ontario, a careless driving charge could apply, with penalties ranging from $400 to $2,000. The solution is simple, say the experts: dogs need to be in a secured crate, carrier or pet safety harness whenever they’re in a moving vehicle.

PURCHASING A CRATE, CARRIER OR HARNESS Like most things in life, not all crates, carriers and harnesses are created equal. Finding one that will truly protect your pet takes a little research. That’s where the Center for Pet Safety (CPS) (centerforpetsafety.org), a non-profit research and consumer advocacy organization dedicated to companion animals and consumer safety, comes in. The goal of the CPS is to establish test standards so that a



choose a carrier instead of a pet harness for very small dogs. Full containment is safest for the little ones.

DO look for quality steel latches and handles.

DO check with your car’s manufacturer to determine the connection strength in the cargo area for large breeds. Anchor large crates with rated anchor straps.

DO acclimatize your dog to his harness, crate or carrier – slowly. Have a helper sit next to your dog on short trips at first, and have the helper verbally praise him. DON’T buy a wire crate for use in the car, since they’re not safe. Instead, purchase a carrier constructed of heavy duty plastic or polymer, similar to materials used in the kayak or boating industry. DON’T connect your dog’s collar or harness to the inside of the crate or any other tether in the car.

manufacturer’s crash testing claims will perform as promised. The CPS uses crash test dummy dogs to test crates and harnesses for safety. Designed by NASA engineers, the dog comes in various weights and sizes to simulate what might happen with a real canine in an actual crash.

COMMON QUALITY PROBLEMS Some common weak spots to look for on crates, carriers and harnesses include plastic buckles or latches, faulty stitching, weak latches and fasteners. When it comes to using a crate (usually for large dogs) or pet carrier (small to medium dogs), buying the right anchor straps is just as important. Securing the crate with passenger seatbelts is a bad idea. Taking a road trip with your dog is just plain fun. Once you know you’ve done everything you can to keep him safe in the event of an accident, you can relax and enjoy the ride!



Dos and Don’ts HARNESSES

DO choose a product that will spread impact over a wide area of the dog. Harnesses with padded construction across the chest are safest. Narrow nylon construction or cotton can cause injury in a sudden stop. DO look for solid construction; automotivegrade seatbelt webbing has the strength to hold up in a crash. DON’T choose harnesses with plastic buckles, since they often fail in crash testing. Go for steel buckles instead. DON’T

use zipline or other forms of tethers to secure your dog in the car. They may prevent your dog from distracting you, but they will not keep him safe in a crash.

WHICH DEVICES ARE AIRLINE APPROVED? Travelling by air? Safety still applies! While guidelines differ between airlines, all require that your pet be secure in a crate if he’s flying in the belly of the plane. Air Canada, for instance, follows IATA standards, which indicate that crates must be large enough for your dog to stand up completely, turn around and lie down, and must be structurally sound enough to prevent the animal from escaping during flight. If you’re planning to bring your pup with you in the cabin, the first step is the make sure he’s the right size. Typically, dogs over a certain weight aren’t permitted to be checked in as a “carry-on” item. If your pooch meets the requirements, check your airline’s website to make sure his carrier fits the bill. Karen Elizabeth Baril is a freelance writer, author, and part-time writer’s coach (karenbaril.naiwe.com). She also writes short stories and creative non-fiction. Her work has appeared in numerous publications. She lives with three horses and two dogs.





FOR THE OUTDOOR ADVENTURE DOG Planning ahead can help keep you and your dog safe on your next trip into the great outdoors.


A 80

s more and more Canadians explore our country’s beautiful landscapes, so do their dogs. An outdoor adventure may involve a short trip to


a local park, or a more complex hiking and camping trip into the backcountry. Either way, it’s essential to consider your dog’s safety when planning your journey.


Take a bit of time to do your homework – it can mean the difference between a great trip and one you’d rather forget. Here are a few important points to consider.



Check the landscape of where you are going. Does it have steep rope climbs? Sudden cliff drop-offs? Is your dog fit enough, or even big enough, to accomplish this trip successfully?


Many parks, trails and campsites require animals to be leashed. This is not only for the protection of vegetation and wildlife, but for the safety of your dog. Do your research and adhere to leash laws.

Check the hourly forecast to determine whether the skies will cooperate with your plans. Also remember to consider whether it will be too hot or too cold for your dog’s tolerance.


Are you likely to encounter any critters such as snakes, porcupines, bears, cougars, or the ever-dreaded skunk? If you do run into wildlife, make sure you’re prepared with items such as bear spray, a wildlife deterrent horn, and first aid supplies.


Make a generalized packing list for local trips, and a second one for longer adventure trips. Before each journey, add any specific items you’ll need. Here are a few important items to remember on every trip, whether long or short:


This might seem silly if you live near lakes and rivers, but finding clean water sources is often tricky. Always pack drinking water for both you and your dog. For longer trips, pack emergency water purification tablets or a water purification system. Remember, natural sources of water can contain dangerous bacteria, so if you wouldn’t drink it, your dog shouldn’t either.


Ensure your cell phone is fully charged before you leave on your trip. If your outdoor adventure takes you out of cell phone coverage, take steps to ensure someone can find you if you need help. Tell family or friends of your planned route and your expected return time. Packing a whistle and a mini flashlight is always a good idea, and a folding “SOS” sign can be brought on longer trips. For navigation, throw in a hard copy backcountry map and a compass.


Emergencies can happen literally anywhere. Whether it’s a fall, an attack from another animal, or simply stepping on a sharp object, it’s important to prepare for the worst. Pack the size of kit appropriate for the journey and remember to keep it on your person, not in the vehicle.


A long line is a longer leash than standard – usually up to 30’ in length. In the event the terrain does change and your dog can no longer safely be off-leash, a long line is a great backup plan. Conversely, if you regularly keep your dog leashed and the terrain opens up, you can provide added freedom via the long line. CanadianDOGS.com




Knowing a few basics in pet first aid can go a long way when faced with an unexpected emergency. Here are a few simple suggestions:

Carrying a tiny pet first aid guidebook (in addition to your pet first aid kit) will give you the information you need to manage an emergency.


Remember, the dog can be in severe pain and unable to tell you exactly where it hurts. Keeping him as still as possible will assist with pain management and also help prevent further injury.


Unless a dog has heatstroke, it is general pet first aid protocol to keep him warm. This will promote circulation and help decrease the chance of developing shock.


When you’re in the backcountry, it’s important to make preparations in the event you need to stay overnight – whether you’ve planned to or not. Here are some items to add to your list:


If the temperature drops, you and your dog should both have a jacket. A simple fleece is light and easy to carry in your backpack. It will also dry quickly if it happens to get wet. Remember a blanket for sleeping too – he’ll get cold just like you!


Pack a small stock of your dog’s regular medications. Also talk to your veterinarian about the possibility of packing other medications such as diphenhydramine (for allergic reactions). Remember – never use human products for your dog. Some chemical-based insect repellants, sunscreens and NSAIDs are toxic to dogs, and should only be used for the two-legged members of your family.


Whether you plan to camp or not, pack a small amount of dog food – one he enjoys and that you know won’t cause stomach upset. This is akin to you packing an emergency snack for yourself. Exploring with a dog is supposed to be fun! By taking a bit of time to prepare, you have the power to prevent many possible injuries. And if disaster does strike, you’ll be ready to tackle it.

Lisa Wagner lives in Vancouver, BC with her two dogs, two cats, and her human family. She and her family are active hikers and regularly travel off the grid, backpacking and camping with their pets. Lisa is also Operations Director of Walks ‘N’ Wags Pet First Aid. In her spare time, she volunteers with both local and international animal rescue and sterilization agencies. Lisa is very passionate about animal health, safety and adventure! 82








nyone shopping for dog treats at their neighbourhood pet store or online could easily come away with five or ten completely different products. But which ones are best, and how do they differ from one another? Let’s take a closer look.



Baked treats emcompass a wide category of goodies cooked by dry heat. Flour is typically a primary ingredient in baked treats, and while you’ve probably been told to avoid this ingredient, there are many alternative flours that are good for your pup in moderation. Quinoa, oat, buckwheat, and chickpea flours, for instance, are healthier than the traditional white wheat variety.

A chew treat gives your dog something to chew instead of your expensive furniture, rugs, doors, walls, and shoes. Common digestible or semi-digestible representatives of this group include rawhides and bully sticks, or raw or smoked marrow bones. This type of treat is designed for longerlasting enjoyment, and is ideal for dogs who like to keep busy. Look for natural products that don’t undergo chemical processing, and be sure to consider your dog’s size and chew personality before buying!

SPECIAL OCCASION TREATS These whimsical and creative treats come in a wide array of colours, shapes and sizes, and often feature different decorations. Perfect for special occasions such as birthdays and Valentine’s, these traditional baked treats are typically made from some combination of flour, egg, salt, sugar, and colouring, and often contain added flavours and preservatives, though you may be able to find healthier varieties with natural colouring or cream cheese frosting. They have very little nutritional value, but boy, are they fun!



DEHYDRATED AND FREEZE-DRIED TREATS Exceptionally clean and nutritious, dehydrated and freeze-dried treats have a variety of physical makeups depending on the drying method used. If freeze-dried, they are small, dry and crumbly. Dehydrating tends to produce treats that are crunchy or chewy. Both varieties are commonly made using whole meat or vegetables, and are often labelled as “single-ingredient” treats. They come in many sizes – strips, cubes, etc. – and are highly palatable. The most common meats used in this category include fish meat

Baking your own dog treats is a good way to ensure they contain only the healthiest ingredients. Visit canadiandogs.com/ homemade-dogtreats for a recipe your pup will love. nb

and skins, chicken, beef, and occasionally pork. Commonly used fruits and vegetables are sweet potatoes and apples.

MEDICINAL TREATS Treats that contain some sort of added medicinal ingredient have become increasingly popular in recent years. The most common medicinal treats are those with added glucosamine – a supplement that helps combat pain and swelling in joints. Similarly, treats infused with Cannabidiol (CBD) are used to combat stress and anxiety in our canine companions (to learn more about CBD, turn to page 100). All medicinal treats should be used in conjunction with an overall treatment plan. Talk to your vet and follow package directions.

Many treat manufacturers use exotic meats like lamb or buffalo, which are ideal for dogs with allergies. When animals eat the same meats their entire lives, they can develop sensitivities to them. Offering alternative protein sources such as duck, venison, rabbit, and elk allows you to switch it up, and reduces the risk of your dog becoming allergic.

TRAINING TREATS Most dog treats can be used for training, but some are better than others. Treats sold for training purposes are usually small, low-cal options that are “pocket-safe”, but if your dog’s favourite snack happens to be bigger, try breaking it up into little pieces. Dehydrated, single-ingredient treats are a good go-to – just make sure your dog loves them. The more motivated he is, the faster he’ll learn!

Susan Dalton, PhD, CCPD is the founder and chief innovation officer of Dr. Dalton’s Premium Treats. As a child in Florida, she lived with many animals, including rats, gerbils, birds, fish, a variety of reptiles, and many dogs. In her adult years, she rescued an extremely aggressive Border Collie puppy that her son named Cassie. Through her work with Cassie, Susan returned to the world of animals and became deeply involved in their health and welfare.




Eye TO Eye

The evolution of canine eye contact oes your dog stare into your eyes? A new study involving dingoes reveals that prolonged eye contact from our canine companions is a result of evolution across domestication. Results with the dingoes suggest that dogs began making brief eye contact with humans when they were first domesticated. As the human-canine bond deepened, so did the gazes. The study – led by Angie Johnston, a doctoral student in psychology at Yale University – observed Australian dingoes interacting with their human handlers. They then compared their results to an earlier study on eye contact between wolves and humans versus dogs and humans. Domestic dogs held lingering stares for an average of 40 seconds, dingoes took shorter three-second glances, while wolves barely sustained eye contact for a second. Urine samples from the earlier study suggest that eye contact contributes to the strong humancanine bond we see today. Oxytocin – a hormone that plays a huge role in bonding – was measured before and after a dog’s interaction with humans. Results revealed that sustained eye contact elicits a rise in oxytocin, which ultimately leads to a deeper bond. sciencedirect.com.






self-care tips for pet parents

You’ve been busy looking after your new puppy – grooming him, feeding him, training him and, of course, playing with him! But are you looking after yourself? Here’s how to carve out time for self-care.




Take advantage of your pup’s naptime

Any experienced mom will tell you that when the baby’s sleeping, you should be, too! Most puppies nap frequently – 15 to 20 hours a day, to be precise – giving you plenty of opportunity to catch up on housework, pay the bills, and catch some z’s of your own!



Invest in interactive toys As a dog parent, interactive toys are your friend. These playthings engage your puppy on a much deeper level than regular toys, exercising his mental faculties and keeping him occupied for longer bouts of time. Look for vessel or puzzle toys that can be stuffed with healthy treats, an activity mat that encourages him to engage with different tasks, or simply hide treats throughout the room for him to sniff out. While he’ll still need to be supervised during play, you’ll have two hands free to get things done.


Crate train Socialize

Being around others of your species is as important for you as it is for your dog! Get social by setting up playdates with other dog parents in your area. This will give you the opportunity to make some new friends and catch up with existing ones, all while your pup learns a few social skills necessary for healthy development. As an added bonus, chatting with others about any challenges you’re facing with your pup will help put things into perspective and present solutions you may not have considered.

Crate training your puppy is a good idea for multiple reasons. Having a safe, confined space gives your pup a place to rest, and gives you the peace of mind you need to leave him unattended. It’ll also prevent him from developing separation anxiety – a common behaviour problem that arises when dogs aren’t taught how to be on their own. Visit canadiandogs.com/crate-train/ for some crate training tips.

Use your energy wisely You’re bound to run out of steam quickly if you play like a puppy! Conserve your limited energy by playing smarter, not harder. Rather than running around the yard with your pup, take a seat and throw a ball for him to chase. Better yet – if you have kids or another dog, teach them how to play with their new four-legged sibling so you can relax on the sidelines.

5 CanadianDOGS.com


PUPPIES = HAPPINESS Did you know that simply spending quality time with your pup is a proven form of self-care? Studies show that owning a pet provides meaningful social support, lowers stress, decreases blood pressure and cholesterol, and increases overall happiness. Sure, puppies are tiring – but the benefits outweigh the drawbacks!


Don’t sacrifice the things you enjoy

Buying a puppy doesn’t have to mean giving up life as you know it. In fact, it shouldn’t! While your schedule will shift to accommodate your puppy’s needs, you can still do the things you love. Enlist a friend or family member to puppysit once or twice a week so you can attend a yoga class, go for a jog, or take a long, hot bubble bath! No matter how busy you are, making time to enjoy life is a crucial part of warding off feelings of resentment toward your new family member, and settling into a healthy, happy routine that works for both of you.

Eat right


Quality nutrition is a crucial component of your puppy’s needs – and the same goes for you! Maintain a healthy diet by meal prepping for you and your puppy at the same time. If you’ve chosen not to make his food from scratch, you can still prepare healthy food for yourself by corralling your pup in the kitchen where you can keep an eye on him while you cook. Baby gates aren’t just for toddlers! 90



Learn to forgive

You’re going to make mistakes, and so is your new companion. He’ll have accidents on the floor, and you’ll get impatient and raise your voice. But it’s okay! Mistakes are a part of the process, and they’re certainly not worth stressing about. Learn to forgive yourself, and channel any pent-up frustration into teaching your pup the right way to behave. Use compassion, positive interactions and plenty of rewards!



Another aspect of self-care that will benefit you and your puppy! Chances are, you’ll be burning plenty of calories chasing your puppy around the house – but structured exercise is good for both of you. A puppy’s activity requirements vary depending on his age and breed, so ask your breeder what’s best. Generally, a couple of short walks a day is ideal for young canines. Once his exercise needs have been met, focus on your own. If you can’t get away, work out at home in the company of your furry friend. Sweating will help lower your stress levels and give you a much-needed boost of energy!

If you don’t love yourself, you cannot love others. – Dalai Lama

Ask for help


You’re not alone! In addition to family and friends, there are various services available for puppy parents. Dog walkers, pet sitters, doggie daycares, groomers and mobile vets are all at your disposal – and they’ll care for your pup like he’s their own. Making time for self-care is difficult – especially when you have a new puppy to tend to. But looking after yourself should always be a priority. And with these tips, it can be!



How to Choose a




Know what to ask and look for when choosing the right training class for you and your dog.


ost of us recognize the importance of training our dogs. Positive force-free training teaches dogs the skills they need to live successfully in the human world. It also provides mental and physical stimulation, and strengthens the human/dog bond. But how do you know which training class is right for you and your dog?

PRIVATE VS. GROUP CLASSES Group classes are best suited for dogs that are friendly with other dogs and people. They are usually taught on-leash to ensure every dog’s safety. If your dog shows any aggression, is very fearful, needs help with specific behaviour problems, or if you simply want one-on-one attention from a professional, then a private class is your best 92


choice. The trainer will set up a behaviour modification plan tailored specifically to your dog’s needs and your training goals.

WHERE TO FIND CLASSES AND TRAINERS Veterinary offices, pet stores and breeders, as well as animal shelters and Humane Societies, often work with trainers, and may recommend one to you. You may also find a local trainer through a professional dog trainer organization’s website. If you know someone who has worked with a good trainer, ask for a referral.

QUESTIONS TO ASK THE TRAINER A professional trainer will encourage you to ask questions. If the trainer shows any reluctance to explain his or her methods, look elsewhere. Good trainers have no secrets and are happy to share their knowledge.

HERE ARE SOME QUESTIONS TO ASK: q What training methods do you use? The answer should include the terms “force-free”, “positive reinforcement” or “reward-based”, as these describe a positive training ideology.

 ow do you address unwanted behaviours (like wH jumping or stealing food off the counter)? In positive training, unwanted behaviours are addressed through prevention and management, and by teaching substitute behaviours. If the trainer’s answer is to punish or discipline the dog, walk away.

e Are you a certified professional dog trainer? Dog training is an unregulated profession. This means that literally anyone may call themselves a dog trainer. While certification does not guarantee the trainer is best qualified to train your dog, it shows a certain degree of professionalism. Certified trainers take their jobs seriously and have put in the effort, time and money to complete a dog training program. That being said, be aware that not every certified dog trainer is automatically a positive reinforcement trainer.

 o you have experience with my dog’s particular rD training needs? Some dogs need an experienced trainer who can deal with problems such as separation anxiety, leash reactivity, resource guarding or aggression. In those cases, private inhome sessions are called for.

t Can you guarantee a successful outcome? This is a trick question. The answer should be “no”. Professional trainers can never guarantee the training outcome. Training success depends on many factors – including your dog’s health, his past (training) experience, his daily routine, his environment – and also on your own training skills and commitment.

HOW TO PREPARE FOR YOUR FIRST TRAINING CLASS dog has a lot of energy, exercise 1 Ifhimyourbefore class but don’t tire him out so much that he sleeps through class. Give your dog the opportunity to go to the bathroom right before class. that your dog’s collar and harness 2 Check are secure. plenty of familiar high-value treats 3 inCarry a treat pouch. These may include real meats such as chicken, turkey, hamburger or cheese. a mat, towel or bed to provide 4 Bring your dog with a comfortable place to relax between training exercises.

5 Bring a bowl and water. Wear comfortable clothes and 6 non-slip shoes.

TRAINING FACILITIES It is not uncommon to hold group classes in public parking lots or parks. This can be a good opportunity for training around distractions, but the area has to be safe and clean. Often, a clean indoor space is preferred to allow puppies off-leash play breaks.



Classes should allow a maximum of only six to eight dogs unless the instructor has assistants, in which case the number of students may be higher.



Positive reinforcement training applies the principles of behavioural science and learning theory, and has been proven to be the safest and most effective training method. It entails the use of food, play, affection and other rewards that motivate your dog.

q When you first arrive at a group class, make sure you keep

Physical punishment is never applied. Stay well clear of trainers who recommend hitting, kicking or jerking and/or the use of aversive tools, such as choke, prong and shock collars.

of control. At this time, don’t ask him to do anything. Stay calm and wait for him to calm down as well.

Other red flags are the use of the “alpha roll” and the terms “leash corrections”, “dominance theory” and “pack leader”. These concepts stem from outdated so-called “traditional training” methods. And while “balanced training” may sound nice, it means that both positive reinforcement, as well as physical punishment, are used.

a safe distance of at least 6’ from the other dogs. Prevent any greetings between dogs unless the instructor allows it and demonstrates how to do it safely.

w It’s normal for your dog to be excited and seemingly out

e Once he has settled, give him some treats without asking for any behaviours. You are simply creating a positive association with the new place.

r Your dog may not do every behaviour so don’t stress. You are there to learn. This should be a fun time for you and your dog!

IF NECESSARY, CUT THE TRAINER LOOSE! If at any time you feel uncomfortable with the way the trainer treats you or your dog, speak up. Never allow the trainer to hit, jerk or otherwise hurt or yell at your dog. Intervene immediately and end the session.

Andrea Gronwald is a certified family dog trainer through Raise with Praise, Inc., owned and operated by Paul Owens, a leading positive dog training expert. She has worked with dogs as a volunteer for two Humane Societies. Andrea and her dog are also part of a volunteer pet therapy program for veterans. She recently started working as a trainer for a local dog training company. Andrea is a strong proponent of positive training methods.






annabis has consistently topped headlines over the last year, and the hype around its use extends to our animal companions too. More and more people are searching for safe and effective alternatives to conventional medicine, and with the recent legalization of cannabis in Canada, many pet parents and veterinarians wonder what this means for our dogs.

“The Canadian Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA) and the Canadian Association of Veterinary Cannabinoid Medicine are working with Health Canada to establish guidelines for veterinarians so they can work with cannabis in their practices,” says Dr. Katherine Kramer, Medical Director of VCA-Canada Vancouver Animal Wellness Hospital. Unfortunately, she adds, at this point, veterinarians are not allowed to recommend or prescribe cannabis products. And depending on where you live, your veterinarian might not be able to discuss this with you unless you ask first.


contain a wide variety of chemicals called cannabinoids, including tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). But the ratios found in these two plants differ greatly. Hemp contains high concentrations of CBD and low amounts of THC (0.3% dry weight basis). Marijuana contains large amounts of THC (5% to 25%) with low concentrations of CBD.


The effects of cannabis occur naturally through its interaction with the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS serves as an intricate messenger system that consists of a group of fatty acids the body makes (endocannabinoids) and their receptors. When an endocannabinoid attaches to a receptor, it causes a physiologic response. The ECS’s principal role is to maintain


In the meantime, pet parents CBD need to educate themselves PRODUCTS before using these CBD oil is available in products on their pets. different forms. Generally, it While that education is administered via a dropper should include a chat (based on weight and severity of with your vet, here are condition) but some companies six things you should offer capsules. You’ll also find CBD treats on the market – these know about cannabis can prove beneficial for skin for dogs. and coat but most don’t contain enough CBD for medicinal purposes.


Cannabis is perhaps the oldest cultivated crop on the planet. For thousands of years, this plant has been used as a source of food, fibre and medicine. Hemp and marijuana are just two of the countless varieties of cannabis. Think about it this way – while dogs all belong to the species, Canis familiaris, Great Danes are vastly different from Chihuahuas. Both hemp and marijuana


That being said, cannabis pet supplements are readily available online, in dispensaries and pet stores. And while reports suggest cannabis works well for some canine conditions, the concern is that people may inappropriately use their legal medicinal cannabis on their pets, thereby increasing the already rising rate of accidental marijuana toxicosis in pets.

homeostasis, or balance. The cannabinoids in cannabis can stimulate the ECS. “The cannabis plant is the only plant known to man that has an entire receptor system devoted just to it,” explains Dr. Kramer.


Both dogs and cats have ten times more cannabinoid receptors in their brains and central nervous systems than humans do. “Because it affects the brain, THC causes psychotropic effects and can lead

to drops in blood pressure, heart arrhythmias, ataxia and seizures,” says Dr. Kramer. “The toxic effect is amplified if the THC is within another toxic substance such as chocolate or xylitol.” Continued on page 97.





Continuedfrom page 96.



Cannabis appears to have multiple benefits for pets. “Most of my patients that are taking cannabis products are dealing with chronic pain (in the form of cancer, arthritis, chronic pancreatitis, or inflammatory bowel disease), seizures, anxiety and allergies,” says Dr. Kramer, who has witnessed positive effects in hundreds of patients over the last eight years.



While most dogs seem to get relief from CBD products, a few can experience side effects. “CBD is thought to be nonpsychotropic, meaning it doesn’t affect the brain, but high doses can certainly cause a pet to be hyperactive or restless,” explains


From the way we know that cannabis interacts with the endocannabinoid system, Dr. Kramer also believes it should have benefits for dogs with cardiac disease or high blood pressure, diabetes, asthma, and glaucoma.

Dr. Kramer. She adds that some dogs may experience increases in stool production because of the fibre content. Vomiting and diarrhea can occur as well, and dog parents should watch for allergy symptoms.


Studies are ongoing to determine the most beneficial and safest forms of cannabis for pets. In the meantime, there are numerous products available – some are made from hemp, some from cannabis strains with higher amounts of CBD and THC, and some using an extracted form of CBD. Until these products are more regulated for quality control, it’s important to educate yourself and talk to your veterinarian.

Talk to your vet

Cannabis can help with a number of conditions. If you want to try cannabis to help improve your dog’s physical, mental or emotional health, speak to your veterinarian. It’s particularly important if your dog is already on medication, in case there’s a danger for potential interactions. If your vet isn’t up to speed, this may encourage her to educate herself more fully on the subject!

“Products should clearly state the cannabinoid potency and should carry a Certificate of Analysis (COA) from the manufacturer identifying all contents, including any residual traces of pesticides, solvents or other contaminants,” says Dr. Kramer. The COA will also confirm that the potency of CBD and THC (% or mg/g) are as advertised.

Does cannabis work?

In an online survey originally piloted by faculty at Colorado State University, and conducted by a company that specializes in hemp products for animals, almost 65% of participants reported the products were moderately or very helpful in relieving pain, while 50% reported they were moderately or very helpful in aiding with sleep and relieving anxiety. The vast majority felt the products worked better than other treatments or therapies, with only 7% saying they felt they didn’t work as well.

Dana Cox is the co-founder, Chief Creative Officer and editor-in-chief of Redstone Media Group, which publishes Canadian Dogs Annual, Animal Wellness Magazine, Equine Wellness Magazine and Innovative Veterinary Care Journal, and associated websites. She regularly attends veterinary conferences to stay apprised of leading edge and best practices therapies and modalities. Dana lives in Peterborough, ON with her husband and fellow co-founder, Tim Hockley, and their family, which includes two children, a dog and a cat. Katherine Kramer is Medical Director of VCA-Canada Vancouver Animal Wellness Hospital in Vancouver, BC. and founding Chair of the Veterinary Advisory Board for True Leaf Medicine International. As an integrative veterinarian, incorporating cannabis into her practice has been a natural progression and has resulted in her becoming a vocal proponent for research and the use of cannabis as a therapeutic agent for companion animals. 98






ildfires, floods, hurricanes and tornados…so many regions have been devastated in recent years by natural disasters. No matter where you live, it’s good to be prepared, especially if you have dogs at home. Consider these two simple yet essential steps to ensure you and your furry friends are ready if and when the next catastrophe strikes.

1 2

Don’t forget the basics Your dog should wear a collar and ID tag bearing his name, a cell phone number, and any urgent medical needs. For added assurance, think about microchipping him.

Develop a pet-specific disaster plan and evacuation kit This kit should include: + An extensive list of safe places – such as emergency animal shelters, pet-friendly hotels, and trusted relatives and friends located in another region – that could house your dog/s during an emergency. + A comfortable carrier or crate. + A favourite toy or comfort item, like a blanket. + A one-week supply of water, non-perishable dog food, and any required medications or remedies. + Copies of veterinary records and vaccination/titer history. + Recent photos of you holding your dog, which can be used to help verify ownership in case of unexpected separation.





WELCOME TO OUR BREED DIRECTORY This is a wonderful resource if you’re looking for a purebred dog or a rare dog. The breed summaries give you a brief but fascinating glimpse into the history, appearance and care of each breed. Please note we’ve rated exercise and grooming requirements based on the legend at right.

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BEFORE YOU START HUNTING FOR YOUR NEW BEST FRIEND, we suggest reading through our “Puppy planning 101” article on page 12. It’ll help ensure that you enjoy success with your new pup.

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This is a paid advertising section and we’ve made every effort to ensure the information is presented accurately. The publisher cannot be held responsible for any claims made in the advertising listings, or any issues that arise as a result of errors or omissions.

Dogs have lived alongside humans for thousands of years. Over that time, they’ve been bred to serve many roles, from helping hunt game, to containing vermin, to snuggling. The Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) categorizes dogs based on seven different groups. Though the breeds in our Rare Breeds Directory are not yet recognized by the CKC, we’ve included them in their own section.

GROUP 1 - SPORTING DOGS Bred to assist hunters on land or in water Barbet Griffon (Wire-Haired Pointing) Lagotto Romagnolo Pointer (German Long-Haired) Pointer (German Short-Haired) Pointer (German Wire-Haired) Retriever (Chesapeake Bay) Retriever (Curly-Coated) Retriever (Flat-Coated) Retriever (Golden) Retriever (Labrador) Retriever (Nova Scotia Duck Tolling) 102


Setter (English) Setter (Gordon) Setter (Irish) Setter (Irish Red and White) Spaniel (American Cocker) Spaniel (Brittany) Spaniel (Clumber) Spaniel (English Cocker) Spaniel (English Springer) Spaniel (Irish Water) Spaniel (Welsh Springer) Spinone Italiano Vizsla (Smooth-Haired) Vizsla (Wire-Haired) Weimaraner

GROUP 2 - HOUNDS Bred to hunt by scent or sight Afghan Hound American Foxhound Basenji Basset Hound Beagle Black and Tan Coonhound Bloodhound Borzoi Dachshund (Miniature Long-Haired) Dachshund (Miniature Smooth-Haired) Dachshund (Miniature Wire-Haired) Dachshund (Standard Smooth) Dachshund (Standard Wire-Haired)

Deerhound (Scottish) Drever English Foxhound Finnish Spitz Greyhound Ibizan Hound Irish Wolfhound Norrbottenspets Norwegian Elkhound Norwegian Lundehund Otterhound Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen Pharaoh Hound Rhodesian Ridgeback Saluki Shikoku Whippet

GROUP 3 - WORKING DOGS Bred to guard, pull and rescue Akita Alaskan Malamute Bernese Mountain Dog Black Russian Terrier Boxer Bullmastiff Canaan Dog Canadian Eskimo Dog Cane Corso Doberman Pinscher Entlebucher Mountain Dog Eurasier Field Spaniel Great Dane Great Pyrenees Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Karelian Bear Dog Komondor Kuvasz Leonberger Mastiff Newfoundland Portuguese Water Dog Rottweiler Samoyed Schnauzer (Giant) Schnauzer (Standard) Siberian Husky St. Bernard Tibetan Mastiff

GROUP 4 - TERRIERS Bred to hunt and kill vermin Airedale Terrier American Staffordshire Terrier

Australian Terrier Bedlington Terrier Border Terrier Bull Terrier Bull Terrier (Miniature) Cairn Terrier Cesky Terrier Dandie Dinmont Terrier Fox Terrier (Smooth) Fox Terrier (Wire) Irish Terrier Jack Russell Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier Lakeland Terrier Manchester Terrier Norfolk Terrier Norwich Terrier Parson Russell Terrier Schnauzer (Miniature) Scottish Terrier Sealyham Terrier Silky Terrier Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier Staffordshire Bull Terrier Welsh Terrier West Highland White Terrier

GROUP 5 - TOYS Bred for companionship Affenpinscher Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Chihuahua (Long Coat) Chihuahua (Short Coat) Chinese Crested Coton de Tulear Griffon (Brussels) Havanese Italian Greyhound Japanese Chin King Charles Spaniel Maltese Papillon Pekingese Pomeranian Poodle (Toy) Pug Toy Fox Terrier Yorkshire Terrier

GROUP 6 - NON-SPORTING A diverse group of dogs that don’t fit into other groups American Eskimo Dog Bichon Frise Boston Terrier Bulldog

Chinese Shar-Pei Chow Chow Dalmatian French Bulldog German Pinscher Keeshond Lhasa Apso Lowchen Poodle (Miniature) Poodle (Standard) Schipperke Shiba Inu Shih Tzu Tibetan Spaniel Tibetan Terrier

GROUP 7 - HERDING Bred to manage the movements of other animals Australian Cattle Dog Australian Kelpie Australian Shepherd Bearded Collie Belgian Shepherd Dog Border Collie Bouviers des Flandres Briard Collie (Rough) Collie (Smooth) Dutch Shepherd Dog Finnish Lapphund German Shepherd Dog Iceland Sheepdog Mudi Norwegian Buhund Old English Sheepdog Polish Lowland Sheepdog Portuguese Sheepdog Puli Schapendoes (Dutch Sheepdog) Shetland Sheepdog Swedish Vallhund Welsh Corgi (Cardigan) Welsh Corgi (Pembroke)


American Bulldog Bolognese Kleiner Münsterländer Miniature American Shepherd Miniature Australian Shepherd Pumi Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka Shiloh Shepherd White Shepherd CanadianDOGS.com



History In the 1600s, dogs resembling the Affenpinscher were bred in Germany to rid homes and stables of vermin. Over the next hundred years, selective breeding produced a slightly smaller dog with superb ratting skills and a lively, sociable nature. It’s likely the German Pinscher, the Schnauzer and the Pug all played a part in the Affenpinscher’s development. The spirited, blackbearded terriers became part of the household – a position documented in European art from the 15th to 18th centuries. Studying the Affenpinscher’s bearded face, it’s easy to see the origin of the breed’s nickname: “Monkey Terrier”.

History Originating around the borders of Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan, the Afghan Hound is one of the oldest sighthound breeds. Rich and poor alike prized these dogs for their protective nature but most of all for their ability to hunt. Afghans were bred to be supreme hunters, pursuing everything from gazelles to hares, and even their traditional quarry, leopards. Hunted alone or in braces, Afghans relied on their independent thinking skills to successfully bring down the big cats.

History In the mid 1800s, middle class workers in the Aire Valley of Yorkshire, England were plagued with pests such as rats and otters. Normally, the problem was managed with terriers for the rats and water dogs for the otters. However, most people could not afford the cost of keeping multiple dogs. In 1853, breeders sought a solution by crossing rough-coated Black and Tan Terriers with Otterhounds. The result was the Waterside Terrier, a keen terrier-type hunter who could swim. The breed took off, and was renamed the Airedale Terrier in 1879.

The breed came to Europe in the late 19th century after British soldiers spotted them in India. While Afghans are known for their long elegant coats, initially there were two Personality Interested in everyone varieties: the lean short-coated desert-bred and everything, the Affenpinscher is a hound, and the heavier-coated mountain social fellow who needs interaction with hound. These two types were interbred after people, places and other animals. He their introduction to the Western world, is smart and attentive, so a stimulating and the result was the impressive hound we environment brings out the best in him. know today. As bold and stubborn as he is playful and Personality Elegant and sometimes aloof, charming, the Affenpinscher benefits from the Afghan Hound can seem standoffish at knowledgeable training. first. But this breed is loyal to his people, and Appearance 9 ½-11 ½” (24.13-28 cm) has a surprising sense of humour. Incredible 7-8 lb (3-3.36 kg) athletes, Afghans require adequate exercise, Black or black and tan, grey, red or other but don’t be surprised to find them curled variations. Wiry coat, shaggy and longer on up on the couch afterwards. They have a high prey drive, so Afghans should be the legs and around eyes, nose and chin. watched around cats or other small animals. Quick Facts Appearance 24-29” (61-73 cm) Exercise Requirements 50-60 lb (22-27 kg) Grooming Long fine coat, silken in texture, topped with short hair from the shoulder along the length of the back. Face is short-coated, head is crowned with a topknot of long hair. All colours are acceptable, but white markings are discouraged.

The Airedale was first brought to North America in the 1880s, and Airedales are now one of the most versatile terriers, hunting fur or feather, acting as a retriever, herding and guarding. Airedales were one of the earliest police dogs and an active presence in the First and Second World Wars. The breed’s great versatility and size truly make the Airedale “King of Terriers”.

Photo: Princedale Perm. Reg’d


Photo: Da’Ghan Reg’d




Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


Very minimal Minimal Average More than average Maximum



YT Da’Ghan Reg’d, Sheila & Clif Robertson. Healthy Happy Hounds, Puppies and adults are sometimes available. Our dogs are successful in conformation, agility, hiking and lure coursing... most of all they are couch potatoes with love to share. (867) 668-3885; clif@northwestel.net; www.daghans.com

Personality An intelligent and brave dog, Airedales have big personalities and huge hearts. While they can be aloof with other dogs and strangers, they are lively and playful with their own people. Regular exercise both on and off leash keeps these energetic dogs happy. Their versatility and intelligence make them good for obedience or similar work. Appearance 22-24” (56-61 cm) 40-45 lb (18-30 kg) Dense wiry outercoat with soft downy undercoat. Coat lies straight and close to the body, with some wave or crinkle acceptable. Tan body with saddle of black or dark grizzle on midsection. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Aireheart Airedale Terrier, Jorien Becker. We at Aireheart are a dedicated breeder that focuses strongly on raising well trained and socialized pups. Our Airedales are imported from strong European kennels all from Wold Champion bloodlines. Our Dales are the heartbeat of our family. Visit our website www.aireheart.com for more details about our kennel. Feel free to contact us for further information (403) 345-5062. Follow us on facebook: Airedales of Aireheart.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen


ON Gardenaire Reg’d, Pat Morris. We breed excellent, healthy champions with wonderful temperaments and exceptional conformation. All puppies are home raised & crate-trained from champion lines. RR 3, 936117 Airport Road, Mulmur, ON L9V 0L3. (705) 434-0205; grandmapatmulmur@gmail.com

History The regal Akita is the largest Japanese Spitz breed and has been around for approximately 300 years. He is related to the Ainu and the Shiba Inu, and as his name suggests, comes from the Akita region of northern Japan. He was originally used to hunt large game like bear, deer and boar.

The American Eskimo Dog’s popularity arose from its widespread use in circuses from the 1920s through 1950s. Famous Eskimo Dogs performed amazing acts like walking the Personality The Alaskan Malamute is a tightrope or dancing with clowns. With three friendly dog who loves all people equally different sizes to choose from, they appealed and does not bond particularly closely. to a wide range of people and situations. Early socialization and training will teach Personality These lively dogs are highly him where he stands in his family “pack”. attached to their owners and prefer not to Bred to work hard, the Alaskan Malamute be left alone. Energetic and intelligent, they needs lots of exercise, and a large fenced require daily runs and enjoy opportunities yard is a necessity. to exercise their minds. They make good watchdogs and are an excellent choice for Appearance 23-28” (58-71 cm) obedience or as trick dogs. 75-85 lb (34-39 kg) Appearance Thick, coarse outercoat. Dense, oily, wooly Standard 15-19” (38-48 cm) undercoat. Solid white, mostly white with 18-35 lb (8-16 kg) shadings from light grey to black, sable, Miniature 11-15” (28-38 cm) red. 10-20 lb (4.5-9 kg) Quick Facts Toy 9-12” (23-30 cm) Exercise Requirements 6-10 lb (3-4.5 kg) Grooming Long straight outercoat with dense undercoat. White is preferred, but biscuit or cream are AMERICAN BULLDOG acceptable.

In 1931, the breed was declared a natural monument worthy of careful preservation. The first Akita arrived in North America in 1937 with Helen Keller, who was given one on a visit to Japan. But it wasn’t until after World War II when soldiers stationed in Japan brought a large number of Akitas home with - See Rare Breed Directory them that the breed really gained popularity AMERICAN COCKER in North America. Personality The Akita is dignified, fearless and very loyal to his owner. He likes to dominate other dogs, and is reserved with people he doesn’t know. An alert, quiet dog who only barks occasionally, he makes a good family companion, but he’s also active, powerful and athletic and needs lots of outdoor exercise. Appearance 23-27.5” (58-70 cm) 75-120 lb (34-54.5 kg) Straight, harsh outer coat; short, dense undercoat; any colour is acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History A member of the Spitz family, which originated some 6,000 years ago with the Peat Bog Dog, the American Eskimo Dog arose from a line of dogs from Switzerland that came to be known as German Spitz. The breed came to North America in the early 1900s. Possibly due to anti-German sentiment during the First World War, the breed’s name was changed to American Spitz in 1913, and then to American Eskimo Dog in 1917.


- See Spaniel (American Cocker)


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Kiskapoo Kennels, Virginia Collins. Priority to structure and temperament. Health guarantee. Show and companion pups available. Miniatures and Toys. All adults tested for PRA by OptiGen. (403) 362-7399; kiskapoo@eidnet.org; http:// kiskapoo.eidnet.ca White Phantom Reg’d, Susan Noden. Toy, Miniature and Standard sizes. Optigen tested. RR 2, New Norway, AB. T0B 3L0. (780) 8552577; (780) 781-4706; scrane@syban.net; www. whitephantomkennels.com.




Photo: Alice Van Kempen

History Some 4,000 years ago, when the Bering Strait provided access from Siberia to Alaska, an Inuit tribe known as the Ingle Valley Reg’d, Marian Murray. (613) 354- Mahlemuts came to North America, 5993; inglevly@sympatico.ca; http://breeders- bringing along their dogs. Strong, hardy showcase.net/Marian_Murray and exceptionally suited to harsh northern conditions, these dogs hauled sleds and AKITA carried packs, allowing the Inuit to travel where food was most plentiful. The dogs were prized and never sold to non-Inuit homes until the Klondike Gold Rush of 1896 when American prospectors bought good dogs for hundreds of dollars.

American Eskimo Dog

ALASKAN MALAMUTE Zsuzse Airedales, Suzanne Zwarun. Top quality puppies for all activities. Full of deviltry and humour. Seventh generation of an exceptionally intelligent maternal family. Homeraised, health guaranteed, OFA certified. Rocky View, AB. (403) 279-5815; zwaruns@telus.net; www. airedale-zsuzse.com

History Englishman Robert Brooke sailed with his pack of hunting dogs to North America in 1650. A century later, the dogs were paired with a similar breed from France, who had been gifted to George Washington, and the result was the American Foxhound, which would form the basis of every strain of hound in North America. The American Foxhound was trained to work alongside horses for fox hunting, and was bred to be lighter, taller, faster and with a keener sense of smell than its English counterpart. Known for over 200 years for their stamina, they are still used primarily for hunting, and there are now four different categories to consider: field trial hounds, slow-trailing hounds, drag/trail hounds, and pack hounds. Personality A great companion for athletic owners, the American Foxhound can run for hours without tiring. While he can be sweet and affectionate indoors, his independent disposition can shift quickly when outside, so positive and consistent training at an early age is very important to harness his intense and courageous nature. With his mild personality, the American Foxhound can become an ideal family member, as long as his exercise needs are met. Traditionally a pack animal, he can be very protective if he believes he’s the leader, so establish boundaries at a young age. Appearance 21-25” (53-64 cm) 65-75 lb (29-34 kg) Close, hard coat that can be any colour, most commonly a variation of black, white and tan. A tall hound with long, straight front legs. Kind brown eyes set in a large, slightly domed head with wide ears that fall flat to frame the face, and a long tail with slight upward curve.



Photo: Alice Van Kempen


Photo: Alice Van Kempen

American Foxhound


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History As his name suggests, the Australian Cattle Dog was bred to work cattle in the History Like its cousins, the Staffordshire “land down under”. The stockmen needed Bull Terrier and the American Pit Bull a rugged herding dog that could move the Terrier, this slightly larger breed also wily, free range cattle over long distances, originated from ancient Greek mastiff-type across tough terrain and in unseasonable dogs. These were the powerful canines who weather. They carefully developed the fought in arenas throughout the Roman Australian Cattle Dog from a variety of Empire. Butchers used the determined dogs breeds, including blue merle Smooth to help control bulls; hunters used them to Collies, the native Dingo, and the Kelpie. catch and hold wild boar and other game. Before settling on the current name, the In England, these roles changed to bull- and breed was known as the Queensland Heeler, bear-baiting until both “sports” were banned the Blue Heeler and the Australian Heeler. in 1835. Out of the ring, the breed won Personality Courageous, intelligent, and admiration for its handsome appearance alert, the Australian Cattle Dog’s innate and lasting affection for its owner. loyalty makes him a natural watchdog and It was this affable nature that made the guardian. Not surprisingly, his devotion to breed popular with North American settlers duty can make him wary of strangers. Training as guard and hunting dogs. In 1936, the and exercise are crucial, and fortunately, this AKC recognized the American Pit Bull breed is eager to learn and please! Terrier but altered the name to Staffordshire Appearance 17-20” (43-51 cm) Terrier. In 1972, the name was amended 33-50 lb (15-23 kg) again. The American Staffordshire Terrier sets the breed apart from its smaller cousin. Sturdy, compact, strong and muscular with a moderately short, straight outer coat Personality The American Staffordshire and a short dense undercoat. Coat is not Terrier can make a stable, loyal and loving clipped or trimmed. Recognized colours friend when socialized at an early age, and are Blue, which can include blue or bluetrained by someone knowledgeable. He mottled, with or without black, blue or tan responds quickly and eagerly to instruction. markings, and Red, which features a coat He may be aggressive with other dogs. He with an even red speckle needs multiple daily walks to keep him fit and stimulated, and walks that bring a Quick Facts “Staffie” in contact with other dogs and Exercise Requirements Grooming people contribute to his socialization. Appearance 17-19” (43-48 cm) 57-67 lb (26-30.5 kg) Close, glossy coat of any colour. Solid or patched is permissible, but all white, or more than 80 percent white, black and tan, or liver are discouraged. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming




History Few breeds can trace their ancestry as directly as the Australian Kelpie. Brutus and Jenny were two black and tan Smooth Collies brought to Australia from Scotland in the 1870s. One of their pups was bred to a clever, female Australian dog named Kelpie (Gaelic for “water sprite”). One of this litter was the image of her

Today, Australian Kelpies herd sheep with uncanny instinct, but the breed is equally skilled at working cattle. Personality A tireless dog “who would rather work than eat”, the Kelpie requires an environment that challenges his intelligence, agility and stamina. He will thrive at Agility, Disc Dog and Flyball, and his eagerness to please qualifies him for obedience work. As long as he is properly socialized around children, he is a calm and friendly pet at home. Appearance 17-23” (43-58 cm) 26-45 lb (11-20 kg) Short-coated either black, red, blue, fawn or cream, in solid or with tan markings, with or without minimal white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


History The Australian Shepherd had its beginnings in Spain and Andorra with Basque shepherds who used Pyrenean Shepherds to care for their herds. These dogs followed the Basques as they travelled first to Australia, then to the United States in the 1840s. Once in North America, the dogs were assumed to have originated in Australia and were named accordingly.



merle and red merle. Various white and/or tan markings and points. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


History An ancient breed, the Barbet is the likely progenitor of many modern dogs, including Bichons, Griffons, Otterhounds, Newfoundlands, Briards and Poodles. References to this French water dog, named for its characteristic “barbe” or beard, date back as early as the 14th century, though the History The Australian Terrier appeared breed is believed to be far older than that. in the late 19th century and was the first Originally used to retrieve at sea, the Barbet’s Australian-bred dog to be recognized in Australia. Rugged, hardy and fearless, thick wooly coat and webbed feet make him with short legs, sturdiness, and speed, the an ideal gun dog in swamps. Unfortunately, Australian Terrier was an ideal hunter who as breeds like the Poodle gained popularity, helped control rodent problems. In addition the Barbet was forgotten and nearly became to his hunting skills, he served as a devoted extinct in the late 19th century. companion and helper during tough times Personality This brave and loyal dog is a and in tough terrain. The breed comes loving pet and truly devoted to his family. from a mix of terriers who were brought to Like any water dog, he enjoys a swim no Australia by Scottish and Northern English matter what the weather. Eager to please, settlers, including the Yorkshire Terrier, he loves a good romp outside and is easy to Scottish Terrier, and the Dandie Dinmont train. Terrier. Appearance 20-25” (51-65 cm) Personality This all-purpose, high energy 33-55 lb (15-25 kg) dog is cheerful, friendly, and always up for an adventure. They are quick learners, Long wooly coat, forms cords naturally. highly intelligent, and have a strong desire to Hair on head reaches to the nose and please, which makes them ideal for training. covers eyes. Thick beard and moustache. Their intelligence means that they can get Comes in a variety of solid colours: black, bored if not stimulated, so it is a good idea grey, white, tawny, chestnut, red fawn, to keep an Australian Terrier fairly busy. As sandy, pied. born hunters, they are prone to chasing Quick Facts after small animals, so keep an eye out if Exercise Requirements squirrels are around! Australian Terriers Grooming build strong bonds with their families, but can appear aloof to outsiders. They’re also ON quick to defend their families from other RoVer Barbets, Veronica Matthews. Our goal is dogs or strangers, which makes them ideal to provide happy balanced family companions. watchdogs. Parents are DNA’d and health tested prior to

By the late 1800s, the breed became quite popular in the western states. The dogs were known for their intelligence, versatility, and of course, their excellent herding ability. Over the years, the breed has been augmented with others such as Smithfields, Border Appearance 10-11” (25-28 cm) Collies and Collies, eventually producing the Approx. 14 lb (6.5 kg) Australian Shepherd we now know and love. Harsh, straight outercoat with soft Personality Smart and friendly. Australian undercoat. Silky, light-coloured topknot. Shepherds do equally well as family pets or working herders. Because of their working Distinct ruff and apron. Colours include origin, these dogs require lots of exercise. solid red, solid sandy, various shades of They make excellent obedience and sporting blue and tan. dogs, learn quickly and love their jobs. Quick Facts Appearance 18-23” (45-58 cm) Exercise Requirements 40-65 lb (18-29 kg) Grooming Weather-resistant double coat whose undercoat varies seasonally. Moderate mane and frill. A variety of colours including black, red, blue

breeding. Puppies are raised in our home and exposed to enrichment and problem solving activities. (705) 783-1106; roverbarbets@ gmail.com; www.roverbarbets.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) Tree Beard Reg’d. Dedicated to using only sound health-certified dogs of excellent temperament, type and structure. OFA hips and elbows, CERF eyes, and DNA’d. Homeraised, well socialized puppies occasionally available to approved homes only. 125 Thare Cres., Nepean, ON K2J 2J1. (613) 8236256; treebeardbarbets@rogers.com; www. treebeardbarbets.com




mother and christened Kelpie II. In 1872, Kelpie II outperformed her competitors at New South Wales’ first sheepdog trial. Thereafter, the famous dog’s offspring became known as Kelpie’s pups.

per year. Our pups are raised in the living room with the family. Like us on Facebook s-allen@ mail.com; www.africanadianbasenjis.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.)

Photo: GoldenAsset Reg’d


Africanadian Kulu. Dam is CH Africanadian Gem of Ahmahr Nahr, sire is Africanadian Khufu Ahmahr Nahr. Bred/Owned by Brandon Somervill & Sanda Allen, Africanadian Basenjis Perm. Reg’d.


History This ancient breed originated in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where its intelligence and speed made it an ideal hunting dog. Devoted to its owners, Basenjis provided protection, as well as companionship. The breed is thought to have descended from the earliest pariah dogs and it has evolved for survival. Basenjis possess a marked sturdiness.

History “Basset” is based on the French word “bas”, which means “low”. The dog we now know as the Basset Hound originated in France. It was founded on two Basset Artésien Normand littermates who were imported to England in 1874. The new English Basset was greatly inbred and began to fail. In 1892, judge and breeder Everett Millais revived the “The African Barkless Dog” was brought to the breed by adding Bloodhound lineage. The UK in 1936. The breed’s unique qualities and result was the large, low-slung dog now known appearance piqued interest there and in North as the Basset Hound. America, and Basenjis soon gained popularity. While Basset Hounds were initially bred Personality The Basenji’s inquisitive nature for dog shows rather than sport, they were is reflected in his alert, curious expression. unique hunting dogs whose slower pace He is an intelligent dog who thrives in a allowed for a different style of hunting. stimulating environment where he can Bassets were primarily used to hunt badger use his acute sense of sight and smell. The and hare. The breed was first imported to Basenji benefits from exercising in large, North America in 1883 but didn’t gain safe areas. Aloof toward strangers, but popularity here until the 1920s. By the eager to accompany their owners, Basenjis 1950s, the Basset Hound was a familiar sight, do not like to be left alone. And despite appearing in many films and TV shows and their nickname, Basenjis do vocalize; they acting as the logo for Hush Puppies. can “chortle”, yodel and crow like roosters. Another unique feature of the breed is their Personality Super easy-going, the Basset cleanliness. Basenjis groom themselves like Hound is a great family pet. He can be stubborn at times, but is generally a wellcats, and are essentially odourless. behaved pleasant companion. Like any scent Appearance 16-17” (40.5-43 cm) hound, he may get distracted by an interesting 21-24 lb (9.5-11 kg) smell. While he enjoys a good romp, the Short, sleek coat in four colour variations: Basset is known for stamina rather than speed. red and white, black and white, brindle Basset Hounds love their food, and should be and white, and tri-colour, all markings with watched for excess weight gain. distinct demarcations. Prick ears, unique Appearance 13-15” (33-38 cm) forehead wrinkles and tight, curly tail give 50-70 lb (22-32 kg) them an appealing look. Short smooth coat. Generally tri-colour Quick Facts (black, white, tan) or bi-colour (lemon, white) Exercise Requirements but may come in any typical hound colouring. Grooming Skin is elastic and somewhat baggy (this loose skin needs to be kept clean, particularly ON around the eyes and ears). Long droopy ears. Africanadian Basenjis Perm. Reg’d is a group of Long back with short stocky legs. ultra selective co-breeders working together to achieve superior conformation, temperament, health, movement and trainability. We measure every angle and consider every detail when selecting matings and future show prospects. Our co-owned breeding prospects are located in Petawawa, Pembroke, Ottawa, Toronto and Montreal. We produce only one litter per home



Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Golden Asset Reg’d, Mary Greenwood. Experience does make a difference! Home of the 2013 and 2014 #1 Basset Hound in Canada and in 2016 Home of the #1 Basset Hound

Puppy in Breed and in Group. We have been breeding and caring for quality basset hounds since 1998. All our dogs conform to CKC breed standard and have yearly eye clearances. Our pups come with CKC Registration, Guarantee, Shots, Vet Checked, Health records and lots more. Pups available occasionally. Everett, ON (705) 440-7644; mjg@goldenassetkennels.ca; www.goldenassetkennels.ca


Photo: Alice Van Kempen



History Primarily used as a rabbit-hunting dog, the Beagle may have been around since 430 BC, when Xenophon referred to a small hound that hunted hares by scent and was followed on foot. During the time of Henry VIII, the Beagle was small enough to be carried to the hunting ground in a sleeve or saddle bag. This small size was impractical, however, and the use of Beagles in hunting greatly declined by the reign of Elizabeth I. The breed was kept alive by the farmers of southern England, where the dogs were favoured for their skill at hunting rabbits. Beagles were brought to North America during the 1840s, and continued to be used for hunting. In England, efforts to create a breed standard were underway, but a similar effort didn’t begin in the United States until the 1870s. Interestingly, the new breed became more popular in North America than England, and has remained among the top ten most popular dogs for well over 30 years. Personality With his outgoing personality, the Beagle is quick to win over the human heart. He is confident, playful and always cheerful. Being a hunting hound, the Beagle does have a loud voice and can be a bit noisy at times. He loves to get out and about, exploring the world around him. Beagles are relatively easy to train, and particularly enjoy their treats. Appearance 13-16” (33-40 cm) 22-35 lb (10-16 kg) Dense, hard weatherproof coat of medium length. Any typical hound colour or combination of colours. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


History Hailing from the Rothbury Forest region of Northumberland in England, the History Bearded Collies were first Rothbury Terrier was originally a versatile alldeveloped in Scotland, where for round pest-controller who kept the coal centuries they were bred as a herding and mines free of rats. Though an excellent rat droving dog. The breed’s specific canine and badger dog, his versatile nature led antecedents are uncertain, though some breeders to add Otterhound bloodlines to claim Polish Lowland Sheepdogs were a allow the dogs to swim down otters, and primary ancestor. Whatever their history, Whippet bloodlines to add speed, allowing the breed became very popular in the them to run down hares. The longer-legged Victorian era. Efforts to create a registry for Bearded Collies in the late 19th century met type became known as the Bedlington Terrier. with difficulty. While several dogs met the The new Bedlington Terriers were breed description, few were ever registered. exceptional game dogs that didn’t tolerate other dogs interfering with their work. The breed as we now know it descends Their speed and versatility endeared them from the efforts of Mrs. G.O. Willison, who to poachers, and the breed is still sometimes purchased her first Bearded Collie in 1946. called the “gypsy dog”. When introduced When the dog was two years old, she had to the show world, breeders developed the it inspected for registration and Jeannie of Bothkennar became the first Bearded dog’s characteristic lamb-like clip.

History Known worldwide as the Belgian Gorenendael, the Belgian Shepherd is the most popular of the four breeds of Belgian Sheepdogs. The name comes from the village of Gorenendael in Belgium, where the Belgium breeder and restaurateur, Nicholas Rose, refined this noble breed. Belgian herding dogs have existed for centuries, but the breeds were not distinguished from one another until the 1800s. These black herding dogs found their calling in World War I when their sharp instincts and intelligence proved useful for finding wounded soldiers, detecting bombs, and carrying messages to the front lines. They have since been used in police and detective work, search and rescue, and as service dogs for the blind and people with special needs.

Belgian Shepherd Dog

BEDLINGTON TERRIER Photo: Alice Van Kempen


Personality The hardworking Belgian Shepherd was born to serve, and loves having a purpose in life. Typically utilized by professionals for his detective skills and keen nose, he is also a loyal family dog. Sensitive and intelligent, he does much better with a gentle, positive approach rather than stern guidance. Quick to learn, the Belgian Shepherd excels at agility sports and activities, and is suitable for someone who leads an active lifestyle.

Personality Versatile and intelligent, the Bedlington Terrier can learn to do just about anything. He is intensely loyal to his people, though this can change to protectiveness if Personality Full of bounce and general he feels his family is threatened. With great good spirits, the Bearded Collie is a fun- spirit and a playful charming nature, the loving dog. This charming fellow enjoys the Bedlington is said to have the heart of a lion outdoors, and doesn’t mind if the weather is in the body of a lamb. Appearance 21-26.5” (53-67.5 cm) wet or grey. A loving family pet, the bubbly Appearance 15-18” (38-45 cm) 44-66 lb (20-30 kg) Bearded Collie also makes a wonderful 17-23 lb (7.5-10.5 kg) Long, black, double-coat with straight guard therapy dog. Crispy, thick and linty coat, with mixture of hairs. Undercoat is soft, wooly, and dense. Appearance 20-22” (51-56 cm) hard and soft hair that stands away from the Will occasionally have white markings on 40-60 lb (18-27 kg) body. Tendency to curl, particularly on head outercoat. Collarette around neck. Shaggy flat overcoat. Soft close undercoat. and face. Topknot. Blue, blue and tan, liver Quick Facts Beard. Black, blue, brown, grey or fawn and tan, sandy, sandy and tan. Exercise Requirements in colour, with or without white and tan Quick Facts Grooming markings. Colour tends to fade with age. Exercise Requirements Grooming Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Collie to be registered in nine years. The first Bearded Collies in North America likely arrived in the 1890s, but they were not established as a breed until 1970.

ON Larkslane Reg’d, Eleanor Teplin. Hamilton, ON. (905) 692-1537; lteplin@rogers.com QC Dovmar Reg’d, Diane Newman. Montreal, QC. (514) 488-1966; dovmar@sympatico.ca

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AB Niddrie Barbara, Shaggylane Perm Reg’d. Box 8, Site 26, RR 1, DeWinton, AB T0L 0X0. (403) 938-2259; bniddrie@telus.net




History It’s difficult to track the history of many “small white dogs” since they thrived around the world, but the Bichon Frise is thought to have its origins with the Bichon Tenerife, named after one of the Canary Islands off the coast of Spain. Sailors in the region became enamoured with the breed and often took the dogs with them when they sailed. In France, the Bichon Frise was popular with Royals, including King Henry III of France, who was said to carry his Bichon in a tray-like basket that he hung from his neck with ribbons. During the French Revolution, however, the dogs were tossed out on the streets, where the breed’s intelligent and playful nature made it a natural performer for organ grinders and circuses.

History This tracking breed is a descendant of the Bloodhounds brought to colonial Virginia to help farmers rid their land of raccoons. Thought to have been crossed with American Foxhounds, the combination produced a powerful, alert dog with the stamina to hunt prey all night long. The Black and Tan Coonhound’s trademark long ears help capture and retain scent, enabling it to drive quarry up a tree and hold it there until hunters arrive (called “treeing”). Determined and courageous, Black and Tan Coonhounds hunt bears, deer and even mountain lions. They continue their reputation as exceptional trackers.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Bernese Mountain Dog


History One of four types of Swiss Mountain Dogs, the Bernese Mountain Dog (also known as the Berner Sennenhunde), was a working animal, commonly seen driving livestock or hitched to a cart and pulling goods to market. The breed likely originated from the crossbreeding of Mastiffs, brought to Switzerland by the Romans, with local herding dogs.


As technology improved, working dogs were no longer necessary, so the breed saw a significant decrease in numbers in the late 19th century. In 1892, a group of Swiss nationals founded a breeding colony in an effort to preserve the Swiss Mountain Dog. The breed was imported to North America in the 1930s and has gained popularity over the years. The Bichon Frise was threatened during the Personality A very loyal dog, the Bernese World Wars, but a group of French breeders Mountain Dog is an even-tempered fellow who got together in the early 1930s to define and makes an excellent family dog. He is a good protect it and in 1956, a French couple brought watchdog with a teddy-bear personality. This their breeding Bichons to North America. dog is slow to mature, and retains his playful Personality A bubbly and happy dog, the personality as he grows. As a working breed, Bichon Frise is a delightful companion to have the Bernese Mountain Dog benefits from around the house. He is quite attached to his having a job. owner, and loves to be the center of attention. A gentle nature and good manners make him Appearance 23-28” (58-70 cm) suitable for a variety of homes. 80-110 lb (36-50 kg) Appearance 9-12” (23-30 cm) Long, thick soft coat, slightly wavy or 7-12 lb (3-5.5 kg) straight. Undercoat varies according to the Coarse curly outercoat with soft dense season. Tricolour (black, white, tan). undercoat. White. Quick Facts Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Exercise Requirements Grooming Grooming ON Goldenbreez Reg’d, Patricia & Peter Parkinson. Home raised, well socialized, quality pups. Selected for temperament, soundness, and longevity. Parents cleared, many generations of certifications. Several imported champion lines. Pups sold with health and temperament written guarantees. Breeding purebred Bernese Mountain Dogs and Golden Retrievers for 27 years. After purchase support. Naturally reared, some raw. Approved families or individuals only. Home; (519) 343-3013. Fax; (519) 3434482 pat@goldenbreezkennels.com; www. goldenbreezkennels.com



BC Herman, Suzanne. Home-raised, healthy, happy puppies guaranteed. Do not hesitate to call for more information. 53859 McGregor Road, Rosedale, BC V0X 1X1. (604) 794-7119; hermans@universe.com ON Campion Reg’d, Marilyn & Alan Torrance. Beautiful bichon puppies from Canadian and American top breed lines; well bred, healthy, CKC registered, well-socialized, home-raised puppies. We have been the proud owners of Bichon Frises since 1980 and we would be pleased to answer inquiries about our lovely breed! Carp, ON. (613) 839-7716; bichons@xplornet.com

Personality A consummate Southern gentleman, the Black and Tan Coonhound is a sociable dog of stable temperament. He is an intelligent, faithful dog who enjoys a country lifestyle with lots of activity. As he is bred to work with other scent hounds, the Black and Tan Coonhound is not aggressive with other dogs or people. He can be excited, but off the trail, he is a mellow companion – kind and confident. Appearance 23-27” (58-69 cm) 65-100 lb (29-45 kg) Dense short coat – and true to his name – black with tan markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

legend Very minimal Minimal Average More than average Maximum


Ch. CKC, Ch. UKC, Ch. CFC What a wonderful Girl Iz Teremka, TT, CGC, aka Glasha, 4 y.o. Beauty along with excellent health and stable working temperament. Bred/ Owned by Svetlana (Lana) Lochan, Iz Teremka Reg’d.

History The Bloodhound can trace its ancestry to the Norman conquest of 1066. Originally from Belgium, the Schweisshund was crossed with Talbot Hounds and Southern Hounds to produce this superb tracking dog with the distinctive voice. This “king” among scent hounds was used by nobility to hunt stag. The name Bloodhound refers to the owners’ high status. The Bloodhound appeared on the English Kennel Club’s first register in 1873, and over a century later, it is still renowned for tracking criminals, fugitives and missing people.

History Sheep herding was a significant occupation in the border country between Scotland, England and Wales. When Romans introduced herding with dogs, herders began selecting canines for the task and interbred a variety of specialized breeds to produce the best working sheep dog, generally called a Collie. In 1894, a dog named Old Hemp, who was considered the ideal sheep dog, became the founder of what is now known as the Border Collie. Prized for his trainability and “eye” (the hypnotic way he stares at sheep to will them to move as desired), the Border Collie was imported to North America in the early 1900s and proved himself an essential working farm dog.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Iz Teremka Reg’d. Dedicated to the breeding of Black Russian Terriers by developing and preserving the best qualities of the old working Siberian bloodlines. We are not only home of many Champions, but more important, we produce healthy dogs with great stable temperament to fit your family needs. (613) 531-6207; lana@icloud.com; www.izteremkabrtkennel.dog (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.)

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Photo: Hollowshot Reg’d

Hard, rough, ample broken outercoat. Thick soft undercoat. Moustache and beard. Black or black with grey hairs.

Personality Considered one of the most intelligent breeds, the Border Collie can think for himself and is first and foremost a working dog. He needs mental stimulation to be happy, whether working with sheep or in obedience and agility trials. Because of his herding instinct, a Border Collie tends to herd anyone and everyone around him. This makes him more appropriate for older children. Appearance 19-22” (48-56 cm) 30-45 lb (12-20 kg) Double coat that varies in length. Outercoat can be long, medium or short. Innercoat is short and dense. All colours and mixes of colours acceptable: black and white, blue and white, chocolate and white, red and white, blue merle, tricolour (black, tan, white). Regular exercise, training and socialization ensure confidence and maturity in later life, and helps temper the Border Collie’s energetic spirit. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Hollowshot Border Collies, Maxine Netherway. I am a Breeder of Merit with the American Kennel Club and bred Show Champions, Working dogs and sports dogs all successful in their field, for the pet home they have a wonderful temperament and known for there off switch. Hastings, ON K0L 1Y0. (705) 696-1926; hollowshot@yahoo.ca; www. hollowshotbordercollie.com Marley Border Collies. With seven generations and over 30 years’ breed experience for quality, health, temperament and training. Always available for help and advice. Please visit my website. (519) 529-7142; marleysheepdogs@ hurontel.on.ca; www.marleysheepdogs.com




History During the 1930s, the Russian military searched for a large terrier-type dog to become a part of their national security force. They started the Red Star Kennel, dedicated to locating suitable breeds and combining them to produce the perfect military dog. While the Second World War delayed their efforts, the experiment, which involved crossing some 17 different breeds, eventually produced a suitable large, tough and agile dog they Personality Lots! Extremely affectionate, named the Black Russian Terrier. sensitive – even shy, the Bloodhound needs Red Star maintained exclusivity of the breed company. An aristocrat who is not above until 1956, when second and third generation being a clown, he makes a loyal family dog. puppies became available to private breeders. Bloodhounds can be a challenge to train, Black Russian Terriers remain uncommon because following a scent is their priority! outside their native Russia. A contained yard will keep him from Personality The Black Russian Terrier following his nose into uninvited territory. is a calm confident dog who is loyal to his people, yet aloof with strangers. He is Appearance 23-27” (58-69 cm) 80-110 lb (36-49.5 kg) highly intelligent and takes well to training, though early socialization is necessary to 3 colours: black and tan, liver and tan, and curb over-protectiveness. Outdoors he is red. White marking acceptable on chest, feet a happy bouncy fellow, while indoors he and tip of tail. Facial wrinkles and loose upper is content to relax and follow his family lips (or flews). around the house. The Black Russian Quick Facts Terrier is very attached to his people and Exercise Requirements does not do well if left alone. Grooming Appearance 25-31” (64-77 cm) 80-143 lb (36-65 kg) BOLOGNESE

Border Collie


Photo: Hollowshot Reg’d



History A common problem for shepherds in Scottish-English border regions were foxes and other sheep-stealing animals. To counter this problem, they needed a dog fast enough to keep up with these animals but small enough to get into their dens. Concerned farmers from the Northumberland valley of Coquetdale worked to breed a dog long-legged enough to course with horses, yet short enough to be able to go to ground. These dogs were originally called Coquetdale or Reedwater Terriers after the locales where they lived and worked. They have the same ancestry as other terriers in northern England, and were hunted alongside Border Foxhounds. Border Terriers came to North America in the early 1900s.

History This speedy and agile dog has origins dating back to the early centuries of Russian history. Used to course wolves, foxes, and hares in the open Russian terrain, the modern Borzoi is the result of a Russian Duke’s efforts to create a fast, durable hunter by crossing Arabian sighthounds with native coursing hounds and shepherds. Since the Borzoi had to rely more on sight than scent while hunting, the dogs needed to be light and quick on their feet as well as intelligent and independent thinkers.

Photo: Sassy Kennel Reg’d


Photo: Taugo Perm. Reg’d

Border Terrier


Personality Like most terriers, the Border Terrier is a big dog in a small package. He is tough and full of energy while hunting and working, but calmer in the home than many other types of terrier. Obedient and affectionate, he is a pleasant family dog. Appearance 11-16” (28-50 cm) 11-16 lb (5-7 kg) Wiry, broken-looking outercoat with short dense undercoat. Black and tan, grizzle and tan, red, wheaten. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


ON Wimberway Kennels & Farm Perm. Reg’d, Sandy Briggs. Puppies sometimes available. Stud Service to approved bitches. All adults have hip, elbow and eye clearances. Powassan, ON. sandy@ wimberway.com; www.wimberway.com



History As its name suggests, the Boston Terrier originated in Boston, Massachusetts. A product of crossing Bulldogs with Bull Terriers, the Boston Terrier was originally bred for dog-fighting and bull-baiting. In fact, Boston resident Robert C. Hooper purchased an English Bulldog in the mid-1800s for this very purpose. When these sports were banned, those who loved the breed worked to redefine the Boston Terrier. A stable breed with a “gentlemanly” temperament was produced. Then known as the Round-Headed Bull and The Russian aristocracy was particularly fond Terrier, the breed did not acquire its current of the Borzoi due to its exotic and elegant name until 1891. Since then it has remained a appearance. Unfortunately, this meant that highly popular dog. the breed was a target during the Russian Personality Although the Boston Terrier’s Revolution and was almost eradicated. ancestors were bred for fighting, he is now However, the breed has since regained its known for his docile, biddable temperament. popularity and is a favourite at dog shows. He is intelligent and can adapt to any living Personality The Borzoi often behaves more like a cat than a dog. Quiet, dignified, and agile, he is self-aware, independent and fond of refined behaviours. You won’t usually find him engaging in rough or boisterous play but he can be quite affectionate and extremely loyal. His stubborn streak is just his way of communicating that he wants to be treated like an intelligent being capable of making good decisions. This trait dates back to having to think quickly while hunting in open terrain. The Borzoi loves to give chase and is even more beautiful when in full stride, but is happy with daily walks or runs in enclosed areas. Appearance 26-33.5” (66-85 cm) 60-105 lb (27-47.5 kg) Silky outercoat is long. Can be wavy, flat, or curly. Undercoat is soft and dense. Curly frill around neck. Long legs and body. Variety of colours and patterns. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Taugo Hounds Perm Reg’d., Merla Thomson. Borzoi of Unmistakable Elegance since 1974. Puppies and young adults from time to time. Visit our website at: www.taugok9.ca; merla@ taugok9.ca; (403) 540-2820.

situation he finds himself in. While he enjoys a good romp, he’s not overly active and is happy to exercise by following his people around the home. Appearance 15-17” (38-43 cm) 15-25 lb (7-11.5 kg) Short smooth coat. Black or brindle with white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Brenheather Reg’d. Champion lines, quality home-raised puppies occasionally. (613) 4767587; (613) 822-0509; terrym@kos.net Chadklier Perm. Reg’d. James Reath. (519) 287-2770; reathjj@gmail.com; www. chadklierbulldogs.com HORNERBROOK Reg’d, Jacques R. LaPierre & Nathalie L. LaPierre. PO Box 88, Verona ON, K0H 2W0. (613) 372-1544; hornrbrk@kingston. net; www.hornerbrook.com Sassy Kennel Reg’d, Sharon Hicks. Our goal is to produce Bostons true to the standard. We have been breeding Bostons for 3 decades. Home-raised for companions, conformation, and performance dogs. Vet checked with the first vaccination and micro-chipped. Registered with the CKC. Our puppies are well socialized




Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Selectabull Reg’d, Dwayne Delaurier. Over 15+ years striving for health, quality and temperament. Our mission is to enhance our breed through selective, quality breeding and home placement. (613) 625-2534; selectabull_67@yahoo.com; http://selectabull.net/


Photo: Alice Van Kempen

History The Boxer’s ancestors were called Molossians; they were large, strong dogs used by the Assyrians in battle thousands of years ago. A cross between Bulldogs and the small Mastiff-type Bullenbeisser, which was used to bait bulls, hunt and pull carts, the true Boxer was born in Germany in the late 1800s. Bred to be a capable fighting and hunting dog and protector, the Boxer is a versatile breed used as a messenger, pack carrier, attack dog and guard dog throughout World War I. Canadian and History In the plains of Flanders, Belgium, American soldiers were attracted to these people needed a dog that could do it all. The brave handsome dogs and brought them Bouvier was expected to herd and drive cattle, home to North America. Today, they work act as a watch and guard dog, kill vermin, pull well as service dogs and excel at obedience. a cart, and be a family companion. By 1910, Personality The Boxer is a high-spirited there were four different varieties of Bouvier dog who loves to get physical when playing. in Flanders. Because of their brave and willing Possibly named for his tendency to use spirit, Bouviers were used as messenger and his feet while roughhousing, the Boxer is ambulance dogs during the First World brave and willing to take on any challenge. War, but the breed was decimated and only Despite his energetic nature, he remains a preserved through the efforts of Belgian army loving family dog who’s good with children, veterinarian, Captain Darby. By the end of the and adores his people. Because he can be war, the four varieties of Bouvier had been suspicious of strangers, it is important to combined, creating the Bouvier des Flandres. socialize him well when young. The dogs continued their military duties Appearance 21-25” (53-64 cm) in the Second World War, where their keen 55-70 lb (25-32 kg) noses made them suitable for scenting land Short shiny coat that lies flat against the body. mines and ammunition dumps. Fawn, brindle. May have white markings, Arriving in North America in the 1920s, these black mask. versatile dogs also work as seeing-eye dogs, therapy dogs, search and rescue dogs, police Quick Facts Exercise Requirements dogs and more. Grooming Personality Big and initially intimidating, the Bouvier des Flandres is actually a loyal family ON dog. He is even-tempered and loves his people. A B C Ambato Boxers of Canada Reg’d. His keen nose and intelligence mean he can Ambato Boxers is proud to offer you top quality be trained for a variety of jobs, and he loves to boxer puppies CKC Reg’d. Also occasional work. It is important he is well socialized and adults for adoption. Our Boxers are made and has basic training when young; his large size raised with love. They are home raised. We have the whole Boxer family to meet them. 10 years can make it more difficult when he matures. Appearance 23-28” (59-70 cm) 60-100 lb (27-45 kg) Tousled-looking, weatherproof double coat. Outercoat is thick and rough. Innercoat is soft and thick. Moustache and beard. Shades ranging from fawn to black. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

life expectancy guaranteed. Boxers are our passion. Visitors Welcome. 32573 Feeder Road W., Wainfleet, ON L0S 1V0. (905) 899-1179; boxerlady@live.com; www.ambatoboxers.com


History Big, bold and intelligent, the Briard is an ancient breed of herding dog born in France. History is full of praise for this hardy breed. Famed personalities like Charlemagne, Napoleon and Thomas Jefferson promoted the Briard. The Briard was a superb sheepdog, and his bravery made him an ideal working dog for the French war effort – so much so that he was named the official dog of the French Army. Though the need for sheep-herding dogs has declined, the Briard remains a distinct and well-loved breed. Personality The Briard is known for having a strong, unique personality. Described as having “a heart of gold wrapped in fur”, he is an intelligent, sensitive dog who needs a consistent and caring person. With good socialization and considerate training, he makes a loving companion. Briards love children, have a strong sense of justice, and enjoy having a job to do. Appearance 22-27” (56-69 cm) 65-100 lb (29-46 kg) Long, hard shiny outercoat, slightly wavy and lying flat against the body. Fine tight undercoat. Moustache and beard. Black, shades of grey, tawny. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

BRITTANY SPANIEL - See Spaniel (Brittany)

legend Very minimal


from our Chanpion lines. Fenwick ON L0S 1C0. (905) 892-6781; sassykennel@gmail.com; www. sassykennel.com.

Minimal Average More than average Maximum





Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Bull Terrier


History The Bull Terrier originated in England in the 1800s and was bred for bull baiting and dog fighting. This distinctive-looking dog, which initially came in a variety of colours and sizes, is said to be a cross between the traditional Bulldog and the now-extinct White English Terrier. After blood sports were banned, breeders focused more on the dog’s temperament and appearance. James Hinks was instrumental in developing the breed as we know it today – his pure white dogs were also known as “White Cavaliers” and were popular as both show dogs and pets. In the early 20th century, these dogs were crossed with brindle Staffordshires to produce the Coloured Bull Terrier, which came to be recognized as a separate breed.

History Bull Terriers originated in the age of bull-baiting and dog-fighting in the 1800s. A cross between the Bulldog and the now extinct English White Terrier, these strong and fierce dogs came in all sizes from 3 lb to 50 lb. In 1835, blood sports were banned in England and breeders sought to redefine the breed, making it a tractable family pet. While the tiniest examples of the breed eventually died out, both the full-sized Bull Terrier and the Miniature Bull Terrier were welcomed into the home. For a long time, Miniature Bull Terriers remained a “type” of Bull Terrier, but in 1991 they were recognized as a distinct breed.

BPIG CH MACAROLS BUTTERSCOTCH SUNDAE. Bulldogs our passion since 1975! Bulldog QUALITY, never Quantity – HOF Bloodlines! Bred/Owned by Carol Law, Macarols Bullies

History Truly a symbol of Britain, many believe the Bulldog dates back to the Molossian dog brought there by the Phoenicians in the 6th century BC. Others suggest the Bulldog descended from a butcher’s dog called the Alaunt. Wherever he originated, the Bulldog is the result of centuries of breeding for bullbaiting. While the Bulldog’s features may seem unusual compared with those of many other dogs, each characteristic was specifically chosen to make him the premier fighter in the bull-baiting ring.

After bull-baiting was banned in the 1800s, the Bulldog lost popularity and might have died out if a group of concerned breeders hadn’t Personality Energetic and full of childlike worked together to save the breed. The first curiosity, the Miniature Bull Terrier Bulldog club was formed in 1864; it defined Personality He looks intimidating, but requires lots of exercise and stimulation. the breed and began efforts to preserve it. the Bull Terrier is actually a friendly, easy- He loves his family and is protective in Now the Bulldog, also known as the English going and sometimes clownish breed. nature. Consistent training and good Bulldog, is a kind companion and a symbol of He loves affection and attention and socialization will keep him from becoming courage and tenacity. makes a good family companion. He jealous or overprotective of his people or Personality With his history as a fighting things. While he will adjust to most types dog, the Bulldog’s kind and gentle personality requires lots of excercise. of family situation, he needs to keep active might come as a surprise. He is a loving pet who Appearance 19-20” (48-51 cm) craves his family’s attention. Though protective and wants to be a part of everything. 45 lb (20.5 kg) in nature, he loves children and usually gets Appearance 10-14” (25-35 cm) along well with other family pets. Overall he is Close, flat coat; white or white with coloured 23-35 lb (11-16 kg) an easy-going dog who quickly charms with his markings. steady temperament and friendly face. Short, flat glossy coat. Solid white, may have Quick Facts markings. May come in other solid colours Appearance 12-16” (30-40 cm) Exercise requirements with markings. 40-55 lb (18-25 kg) Grooming Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming





Short, straight flat coat. Brindle, piebald, red, fawn, fallow, white. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Chadklier Perm. Reg’d. James Reath. (519) 287-2770; reathjj@gmail.com; www. chadklierbulldogs.com Macarols Bulldogs, Carol Law. Bulldogs have been our passion since 1975! Our Bulldogs are bred strictly for the Bulldog Standard, Health and Temperament! We stand behind our dogs always, our bloodlines are HOF (Hall of Fame) Pedigrees! We breed ALWAYS for Quality never quantity! (519) 534-0640; macarolsbullies@bellnet.ca; www. macarolsbullies.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.)

As poaching became less of a problem, the need for Bullmastiffs waned. But interest in this powerful yet calm-natured dog continued. People held contests in which a man would be given the chance to try to outwit a Bullmastiff. The man received a sizeable head start, but the result was inevitable. He would soon be knocked down and held to the ground by the valiant dog, only to be released when the dog’s handler arrived on the scene. Personality The Bullmastiff is still used as a guard dog and family pet. His highly stable temperament and ability to tolerate discomfort make him surprisingly safe around children. Loyal and protective, he bonds closely to his family. Because he is such a large dog, training at a young age is essential, as is good socialization. Appearance 24-27” (61-69 cm) 90-130 lb (41-59 kg) Short hard coat, lying flat to the body. Black muzzle. Brindle, fawn or red. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Ironbull Bullmastiff Reg’d, Zivian Pribic & Cindy Gimbel. Responsible, selective breeders, breeding MBISS & MBIS winners - Canadian & US Champions. Health Guarantees, breeder support provided. (519) 634-1171; bullie@ ironbull.ca; www.ironbull.ca

ON Cabaret Cairn Terriers, Jan Morgan. Puppies raised with love in my home to approved families. Breeding Cairn Terriers for health, temperament and type since 1995. Champion dogs from Canadian and Scandinavian lines. Proud member of CTCC, CTCA and CKC. Hand stripping grooming services also available. Certified professional dog trainer, we offer family oriented puppy classes in Oshawa and Ajax. 924 White Ash Dr. Whitby, ON L1N 7S8. (905) 430-3647; pawsitivepuppies@gmail.com; www.cabaretcairns.com

History Originating on the Isle of Skye in Scotland, the Cairn Terrier was bred as a hunter of vermin. The rocky land sheltered numerous badgers and foxes, and a small hardy dog was needed to brave the stony cairns and remove the pests. The breed has been around for some 500 years, and developed along Magisterial Cairn Terriers Reg’d. At the same timeline as the West Highland Magisterial, we provide a life-enhancing experience for each of our clients. Our Cairn White, Skye, and Scottish Terriers. The breed was first exhibited in 1909 when it was called the Short-Haired Skye Terrier. Breeders of the pre-existing Skye Terrier objected and the dog was renamed after the rock piles he hunted among, becoming the Cairn Terrier. They came to North America in 1913, imported by Mrs. Henry F. Price. Personality Like most terriers, the Cairn Terrier is an active dog, full of joie de vivre. He loves to play outside, but it’s best to keep him on leash or confined in a fenced space, since he will happily chase squirrels and other “quarry” when you least expect it. An alert, intelligent dog, the Cairn learns very quickly and was bred to be an independent thinker. He can get bored easily so keep him busy and invest in some early training since he can be a bit stubborn in that department. The Cairn adores the companionship of his “people”, and his sweet nature and kind heart make him a beloved member of the family. He gets along well with other bigger dogs at home, though some individuals may tend to give four-legged strangers a little “talking to”. Again, socialization and training as a puppy will give him a good foundation. The Cairn is affectionately known by breed fanciers as the “best little pal in the world.” Appearance 9-12” (24-31 cm) 13-17 lb (6-7.5 kg) Mid-length, harsh, weather-resistant outercoat. Short furry undercoat. Cream, wheaten, red, grey, nearly black. Brindling acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Terrier puppies are well socialized, highly intelligent, joyful, and raised with children. They have gorgeous good looks, are extremely hearty and healthy, are temperament tested, and very eager to learn when they enter their new homes! Your new family member will have been raised in luxury and given nothing but the very best during their crucial first 8 weeks of life. Magisterial Cairn Terrier puppies will be crate trained and will come home with our exclusive Magisterial 5 year health guarantee and puppy pack, health insurance policy, CKC registration, microchipped, and much more. Magisterial Cairn Terriers are suitable for: therapy, obedience, agility, show, flyball, service dog training, grooming competitions, or hunting. Their most important role is being loving, loyal companions to families worldwide, delivering immeasurable amounts of joy, love, and magic! Roblin, ON (613) 453-1773; adam@magisterialkennels. com; www.magisterialkennels.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)




History Poaching was an ongoing problem in England throughout the 19th century. The gameskeeper needed a strong silent dog that could find and take down a poacher without savaging him. The solution was to cross the Mastiff, a powerful, trustworthy, loyal and brave dog, with the Bulldog, a tough, tenacious no-fuss animal. The result was the “Gameskeeper’s Night Dog” or Bullmastiff.

The Cairn Terrier Club of Canada. This is the National breed club for lovers of the versatile best little pal in the world. Visit our website for more information about this lively companion and consult the list of our Canadian breeders. www.cairnterrierclub.ca (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.

Cairn Terrier

Photo: Alice Van Kempen


Photo: Alice Van Kempen




History An ancient breed, the Canaan Dog is the product of natural selection rather than human intervention. There’s evidence the breed existed in pre-Biblical times. When the Jews were dispersed from their homeland the dogs remained, reverting to a wild and feral state until the 1930s. When Dr. Rudolphina Menzel was asked to develop a dog to guard the kibbutz, she selected native wild dogs of a “collie type”, tamed them and created the Canaan Dog. The breed proved highly intelligent and versatile, and was used as a mine detection, sentry and messenger dog in the Second World War. Canaan Dogs were first brought to North America in the late 1960s. Personality Highly intelligent and trainable, the Canaan Dog is quite versatile to different situations. Because of his long history as a feral dog, he tends to be somewhat independent and wary of strangers, barking to warn his family of danger. However, he is devoted to his people and loves to play. He thrives on having a job to do and is a fun, loving companion. Appearance 19-24” (48-61 cm) 35-55 lb (16-25 kg) Short to medium-length straight outercoat. Straight, short flat-lying undercoat. Slight ruff. Sand to red-brown, white, black or spotted. May have mask.


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON JayKay Canaan Dogs. Breeding devoted family companions since 2003. Home-raised puppies for pet, show or obedience. CKC registered. Canaan Dogs are adaptable to a variety of lifestyles, from always on-the-go to a more laid-back home life. Visit us in Markham or just outside Kingston. Come see the dogs in action at MrSpotDogCamp.com (613) 377-6955; gml. mktg@rogers.com; www.jaykaycanaandogs.com

History Accompanying the Inuit people during their 12th century migration through the Canadian Arctic, the Canadian Eskimo Dog hauled, carried, hunted and protected. Such willing performance made the robust sled dog crucial to Arctic explorers through the ages. By the 1950s, though, snowmobiles, other technology and weakening bloodlines had taken their toll. It took funding by the Canadian Kennel Club, the Canada Council and private donations to save the Canadian Eskimo Dog from extinction. After enduring in a harsh environment for centuries, the Canadian Eskimo Dog remains a breed fighting for its survival. Personality His long connection with humans has made the Canadian Eskimo Dog affectionate and gentle with people he loves, but he can be aloof with strangers. His independence, determination and heightened response to stimuli make him suited to an adult-only home.


History A direct descendant of the Roman Molossus Mastiff, the Cane Corso is a guardian dog whose name comes from the Latin “cohors”, meaning guardian/ protector. Used to hunt large game, drive cattle and protect the family, the Cane Corso held popularity in Italy for centuries. But as large game dwindled and farmers turned to more modern technology to move their herds, the need for the Cane Corso disappeared, and so did the breed. In the 1970s, Italian dog fanciers searched the country, seeking good examples of the old Mastiffs, and began reconstructing the Cane Corso breed. Arriving in North America in the 1980s, the breed is slowly gaining a reputation as an excellent guard dog and family companion.

Personality First and foremost a protector, the Cane Corso bonds closely with his family, particularly young children. He is alert and naturally suspicious of strangers, and can readily judge when he should be Appearance 19.5-27.5” (50-70 cm) protective, or when he should back down. 40-88 lb (18-40 kg) His steady temperament and eager-to-please Thick hair with dense undercoat. All white attitude make him a pleasure to train. Early or all red, buff, cinnamon, grey or sable socialization and training allow him to learn with white markings. to assess people and situations. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Visit our website at CanadianDOGS.com for • Breeder listings • Health and lifestyle info • Great products • Contests • Money-saving coupons and more!



Photo: Arctic Ice Reg’d

Photo: JayKay Canaan Dogs

Canaan Dog


Appearance 23-28” (58-70 cm) 84-110 lb (38-50 kg) Short, stiff shiny outercoat. Light undercoat. Black, fawn, red, blue, chestnut. Brindling allowed. May have eye mask or white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

legend Very minimal Minimal Average More than average Maximum

History Bred originally as hunters, toy spaniels became companions to royalty in the 1500s. In the 1600s, Kings Charles I and II both took a liking to the adorable little dogs, and were often portrayed with toy spaniels at their sides. During the Victorian era, people fell in love with the higher skulls and shorter noses of oriental breeds, and selectively bred spaniels to Pugs and Japanese Chin, producing the King Charles Spaniel, or English Toy Spaniel. It wasn’t until the 1920s that an American, Roswell Eldridge, began searching for the longer-nosed flatter-skulled breed so often portrayed in portraits of Kings Charles I and II. His efforts were successful, and the new breed of Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was recognized in 1946. Personality A long history as a noble lap dog has made the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel particularly well suited as a companion. With enough size to enjoy a good romp alongside his owner, the Cavalier is a happy dog who is ready to greet everyone with his ever-wagging tail. He is not overly active, enjoying cuddle time as much as walks. Appearance 12-13” (30-33 cm) 11-18 lb (5-8 kg) Long silky coat, straight or with a slight wave. Feathering. Colours: Blenheim (chestnut on white), tricolour (black and tan markings on white), ruby, black and tan. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Bohshar K-9’s, Sharen Sztym. Breeding for quality, temperament and soundness. Genetic tested and guaranteed/Home raised. Four colours. Shipping Available. Box 8, Site 3, RR # 1, Rocky Mountain House, AB. T4T 2A1. (403) 7292625; bohshar@yahoo.ca, www.bohshar.com ON Beal, Lorelei, Country Care Cavaliers. Healthy, correct puppies of German lineage. 8019 Hwy 7, Guelph, ON N1H 6H8. (519) 8235839; countrycarecavaliers@live.ca; www. countrycarestables.com

EUROPEHEART CAVALIERS REG’D. All colours, high quality puppies, health guaranteed, with proof of health and show history for all our breeding dogs going back 4 generations plus. We are members of CKC and European CKCS Club with happy customers across Canada and US. Niagara Falls, ON (905) 384-1865; www. europeheart.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left.)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

CHESAPEAKE BAY RETRIEVER - See Retriever (Chesapeake)

Chihuahua (Long)

Non-shedding coat. Colours include light coffee brown and grey-blue, with yellow, grey, or white markings.


CESKY TERRIER History The long coated Chihuahua’s history is the same as the Chihuahua’s until after the breed reached the United States. There, breeders sought a softer fluffier dog and decided to cross the short-coated Chihuahuas with established long-coated toy breeds such as the Papillion, Pekinese, Pomeranian and Yorkshire Terrier. The result was a dog with the same spunky personality as the short-coated variety, but in a fluffier package. Like his smooth counterpart, the long coated Chihuahua is History In his search for a mild-tempered one of the world’s most popular breeds – terrier that still excelled at hunting, both also rank as the smallest breeds in Czechoslovakian geneticist Frantisek Horak North America. bred together a number of terrier breeds, including the Sealyham, Scottish Terrier and Personality A truly tiny dog, the long Dandie Dinmont. The result, in 1949, was the coated Chihuahua loves to be with his Cesky Terrier. While his narrow head and person at all times. He’s a great lap dog, and chest made it easier for the Cesky to enter happily trots around the home, following his family. Because of his size, this breed burrows, his friendly, well-mannered attitude maybe a bit timid with loud and active gained him a reputation as a good family children, and supervision is a good idea. dog. The Cesky Terrier was shown for the Good socialization is important for a wellfirst time in 1959 and since then has been rounded individual. utilized as a hunting dog, guard dog, show Appearance 6-9” (15-23 cm) dog, and beloved family companion. 1-6 lb (0.5-3 kg) Personality This versatile breed excels at a number of tasks. The Cesky is often a winner at terrier den trials and loves playful, sporty activities. As well, the Cesky is a devoted family member and makes an excellent watchdog. This friendly pooch is good with children and happy to be around family and strangers alike. The well-mannered, enthusiastic Cesky is also a pleasure to train. This dog strives to please and will not disappoint. Appearance 10-13” (25.5-33 cm) 13-22 lb (6-10 kg) Long, soft coat often with a silky sheen. Slightly wavy, with beard around muzzle.

Soft, silky, flat or slightly wavy coat. Neck ruff. Any solid colour with or without markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Miso Chihuahuas Reg’d, Paula Race. Breeder of Long and Smooth Coats with puppies available occasionally. Our dogs are raised as family members and we are proud of their exceptional temperaments. Visit our website at www. misochihuhuas.com; info@misochihuahuas. com; (519) 770-9901




Can Ch. Imonty Filip Z Usedlosti Ujezdec. Breeding all colours for health and type. Bred by Jundra Diblikova, Z Usedlosti Ujexdec Reg’d. Owned by Mila Bosche, Europeheart Cavaliers Reg’d. Niagara Falls, ON. www.europeheart.com

Cedar Creek Reg’d, Laryssa Sawyer. We’re a small family kennel located just over an hour north of Toronto. Puppies are raised in our home with our children. Our dogs are on a natural diet. Puppies go to their new homes after 8 weeks; dewormed, tattooed, vet checked, first set of shots and health guarantee. We breed all 4 colours and were featured on the Pick a Puppy show. 295159 8th Line, Amaranth, ON L9W 0K1. (519) 925-2827; info@cedarcreekkennels. ca; www.cedarcreekkennels.ca

Photo: Alice Van Kempen




Can.Am Ch. Hilaire’s Mr. Cher Whisper. Chihuahuas of Distinction. Owned by Edna St. Hilaire, Hilaire Perm. Reg’d

History Theories about the Chihuahua’s origins abound. Some believe this tiny breed’s predecessors date back to ancient Egypt. The most likely theory is that it developed from a Mexican breed known as the Techichi, and was used in religious ceremonies as far back as the 16th century. Other theories suggest that dogs imported from China were interbred with native breeds, or came with Spanish traders. Whatever their history, Chihuahuas as we know them were discovered in the Chihuahua region of Mexico, gained popularity in Mexico City in the late 19th century, and shortly thereafter were brought to the United States via Texas where they were developed into the modern Chihuahua.

History Hairless dogs existed wild in many of the hottest parts of the world. The Chinese Crested is likely descended from an African variety of hairless dog called the African Hairless Terrier. Chinese sailors took these dogs on ships to take care of the vermin. As they sailed around the world, the dogs were traded at various ports, soon establishing populations of Chinese Cresteds throughout the known world.

Not all Chinese Cresteds are hairless. In fact, the gene that allows for hairlessness is an incomplete dominant gene that is lethal when homozygous (two copies of the gene). Long-haired Chinese Crested dogs are known as Powderpuffs. Both Personality The Chihuahua is a tiny dog with varieties can be found within the same litter a huge personality. He is lively and alert, playful due to the nature of the genes involved. and affectionate. Quick to bond with his human, the Chihuahua hates to be left on his own. Personality A lively playful dog, the Because he is so small, he is nervous of large or Chinese Crested is a lovable and loving quick movements, and tends to be easily startled. family companion. Because of a tendency Early socialization is essential to make sure he is to be timid with strangers, it is important not overly stressed by strange situations. to socialize him at an early age. He is moderately active, trotting around the home Appearance 6-9” (15-23 cm) 1-6 lb (0.5-3 kg) to follow his people. His longer-than-usual Soft, glossy short coat. Neck ruff. Any colour. feet, known as hare feet, allow him to grip toys and “hug” his people with an unusual Quick Facts grip when held Exercise Requirements Appearance 9-13” (23-33 cm) Grooming under 12 lb (5.5 kg)


BC Hilaire Perm. Reg’d, Edna St. Hilaire. A respected name. Home of Multi BIS/BISS, Can. Am Int’l Record Winning Champions. Quality for the most discriminating. Founder and President of The Chihuahua Club of Canada. All Breeds Judge - International. New Westminister, BC. (604) 521-0922; hilaire@shaw.ca. (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.) ON Arcreya Reg’d, Molly Denton. Quality CKC reg’d Chihuahuas for loving pet or show homes, from a devoted breeder with 20+ years experience. Champion bloodlines in both Shortcoats & Long-coats. Naturally raised, fully health tested and carefully bred for type, temperament and longevity. 3 year health guarantee, lifetime breeder support. Puppies available occasionally. (705) 521-4084; arcreya@ hotmail.com; http://arcreya.weebly.com



Photo: Dragonsblood

Photo: Windwater Reg’d

Chihuahua (Short)


History Named for its sandpaper-like coat, the Shar-Pei is an unusual breed that originated in China some 2,000 years ago. He was used for a variety of tasks including hunting, guarding and herding, and was prized as a fighting dog. The rough texture of his coat made him hard to grip, his loose folds of skin allowed him to turn on his opponent even when solidly held, and his tiny eyes and ears were protected from harm. When China became a Communist country, dogs were not considered a valuable commodity and the Shar-Pei nearly died out. Dog lovers appealed to American breeders to rescue the breed in the 1970s. The Shar-Pei’s unique appearance and rarity drew attention, and soon the breed made a comeback in North America. Personality With his cute and cuddly appearance, the Shar-Pei easily works his way into people’s hearts. But his guard dog background makes him cautious, so he requires good socialization at an early age. Calm and steady in nature, he is an independent fellow who loves his people, but is aloof with strangers. Positive training and active socialization make him a happy and enjoyable family member. Appearance 17-20” (44-51 cm) 40-60 lb (18-27 kg)

Harsh straight coat with sandpaper texture. Can be short and bristly (horse Hairless: silky flowing hair on head, tail, coat) or long and thick (brush coat). feet. Powderpuff: long, straight silky Weekly grooming and careful monitoring outercoat; short silky undercoat. Any of folds is required. Solid and sable colours. No white. Blue-black tongue. colour or combination of colours. Quick Facts Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Exercise Requirements Grooming Grooming Hairless ON Windwater Reg’d, Shauna Gray. We breed for health and soundness from top quality European bloodlines. Lovingly home-raised puppies available occassionally to approved homes. Puppies are prd-PRA and PLL clear through testing or by parentage. Puppies are vet-checked, vaccinated and microchipped and a written health guarantee is provided. Powder puffs and hairless. (905) 252-0822; shaunalg@ yahoo.com; www.windwaterkennels.com

BC Dragonsblood Reg’d, Sonja Davis. Proudly breeding Shar Pei for over 30 years now! Family raised, healthy, happy, well socialized puppies with great personalities. Available all year. Wide colour and coat variety to choose from, with complete Health Policy. Our dogs welcome visitors into our home, so please call or email to book your visit. PO Box 153, Deroche, BC V0M 1G0. (604) 814-0038; sonjassharpeiss@ gmail.com; www.sharpeisbysonja.ca (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

Personality Truly a one-person dog, the Chow bonds solidly to his chosen person, and may remain a bit aloof with others. He is loyal and dedicated, and benefits from positive and consistent training. The Chow Chow is a natural guardian and loyal protector. Appearance 17-22” (43-56 cm) 45-70 lb (20-32 kg) Rough: abundant dense outercoat that stands off the body, wooly undercoat. Neck ruff. Smooth: hard, dense smooth outercoat with definite undercoat. Red, black, fawn, blue, cream. Blue-black tongue and lips. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB ChowRidge, Reg’d, Cyndi Eldridge. CKC registered. Bred for temperament, health & longevity. Specializing in red and black, rough coat. Sound puppies, Champion parents.


Photo: Alice Van Kempen

History This Scottish native is thought to have originated with the herding dogs the ancient Romans brought to Britain, and has been documented in writings dating as far back as the 1300s. Used primarily for herding down through the centuries, the Rough Collie became popular in England when Queen Victoria brought some of the dogs back from Scotland. The Rough Collie is best known in North America from the books by Albert Payson Terhune and the subsequent Lassie movies and popular television show, which premiered in the 1950s and ran for 20 years, forever immortalizing this distinctive breed. The Rough Collie is distinguished from his cousin by his abundant and luxurious outer coat. Personality Loyal and easy to train, the Rough Collie is a wonderful family companion. He is kind and affectionate, and thrives on affection and activity. He needs plenty of outdoor exercise, so is best suited to homes with a bit of space around them. Appearance 22-26” (56-66 cm) 50-75 lb (22.5-35 kg) Straight, harsh, abundant outer coat with short smooth hair on head and legs. Soft dense undercoat. Sable and white, blue

Collie (Smooth)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

ON Mi-Pao Perm Reg’d, Minnie & Paul Odenkirchen. Canada’s oldest and consistently successful Chow Kennel since 1957. Providing Breeding, Companion and Show stock to over 30 Countries. We specialize in reds, blacks and creams of the long coated variety, with emphasis on soundness and affectionate disposition. 705 Parkside Dr, P.O Box 863 Waterdown, ON L0R 2H0, (905) 335-1712; mipao@sympatico.ca; www.mipao.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.)

History Perhaps one of the oldest breeds, CLUMBER SPANIEL the Chow Chow may have existed as early as - See Spaniel (Clumber) the 11th century BC. These dogs were used as hunting, draft, guard and flock dogs. The thick COLLIE (ROUGH) fluffy coats were prized for warm clothing. For many years, the Chow Chow was never seen outside China. But around 1780, sailors smuggled some dogs among their cargo and exported them to Europe. Not knowing what to call the dogs, they used the generic name for all assorted cargo: chow chow. The unusual nature of the Chow Chow made it a spectacle in England, and the breed was displayed at the London Zoo as the “Wild Dog of China”. Queen Victoria saw the dogs there and decided to keep some as pets. The Chow Chow gained its popularity in North America during the roaring 20s, when the dogs became an addition to the homes of several movie stars.

merle and white, sable merle and white, tricolour and white with coloured markings.

History Developed centuries ago as a herding and guarding dog, the Collie is thought to be named after the Scottish black-faced sheep he protected, called Colleys. Two types developed - the Rough Collie and Smooth Collie. Both were working dogs until Queen Victoria took an interest in them in the 1860s and brought them to England. Smooth and Rough Collies share the same lineage and breed standard, but in 1830, show breeders wanted a more elegant dog with an elongated head, and crossed the breed with the Borzoi, leading to a separation of work and show lines. The Smooth Collie remained the favourite in England; in North America, the Rough Collie’s popularity grew in the 20th century thanks to the Lassie movies and television shows. Personality Like the Lassie of television fame, the Smooth Collie is a brave and loyal dog, whose intelligence makes him seem to read his owner’s mind. He is highly sociable, and excellent with children and other pets. Alert and conscious of his family’s safety, the Collie is a good watchdog. Lots of exercise and activities to occupy his mind help keep him relaxed and happy. With training he can participate in nearly any canine sport, and he makes an excellent therapy dog. Appearance 20-26” (51-66 cm) 40-75 lb (18-34 kg) Short, hard dense outercoat. Soft, dense furry undercoat. Sable and white, tricolour, blue merle and white. May have white and/or tan markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ThistleBrae Reg’d, JoAnne Pringle. Smooth and Rough coat Collies - the long and short of Lassie! Smart energetic puppies for the active family. Collies are intelligent and trainable. Our puppies are lovingly raised in the kitchen and on the front porch. Health and temperament guarantee with life-long Breeder support. North of Toronto, we ship. wwwthistlebraecollies.com




Can. Gr. Ch. Exc./ Am. Ch. Mi Pao’s Thor, CGN MBIS, Top Winning Chow Chow for Canada 2012,2013 & 2014. Bred/Owned by F. Paul A. Odenkirchen (Int. Master Breeder) Mi-Pao Kennels Perm. Reg’d. Waterdown, ON. www.mipao.com

Our chows are amazing companions for any household. Ownership/Breed information package available for poeple considering this special breed who have not experienced the joy of living with a wonderful chow! Box 129, Cayley, AB T0L 0P0. (403) 395-3767; chowridge@hotmail.ca

Photo: ThistleBrae Collies Reg’d


(since 1990). Adorable show and pet quality puppies, and occassionally adults. Our well socialized puppies are GUARANTEED, registered, microchipped, vet checked and vaccinated prior to careful placement in their new homes. Lifetime return policy. Email jomarans@sasktel.net for photos, references and application. (306) 716-1047; www.jomarans.com


History The royal dog of Madagascar, the Coton de Tulear is likely a combination of small Bichon-type dogs brought there by Portuguese and Spanish sailors in the 16th century. They were favoured companion dogs of the wealthy. They weren’t well known until 1853 when French dog fancier and governor of Fort Dauphin, Etienne de Flacourt, recorded the small mostly white dogs. He named them Coton, for their cottony texture and colour, and de Tulear, for the coastal city where they were said to originate. The dogs were then imported to France, where the breed standard was set in 1969. Coton de Tulears didn’t arrive in North America until 1974, and they quickly gained popularity as a lap dog. Personality Adorable and affectionate, the Coton de Tulear makes a wonderful family pet. He is sociable and gets along well with children and other animals. Highly bonded to his people, he doesn’t like to be left alone. He responds well to positive training, though he does have a stubborn streak at times. The Coton de Tulear is a capable watchdog who will let his people know of any possible intruders or unusual activity. Appearance 10-12” (23-28 cm) 8-13 lb (3.5-6 kg)

History A German breed, the Dachshund was bred to be a hunter, followed on foot by his handler. The long sleek profile typical of the breed allows him to get inside the burrows of his prey. Miniature-sized Dachshunds were primarily used to hunt rabbits and similar small prey. The Long Haired variety may have originated from the selective breeding of longer-haired individuals. Others suggest that breeders incorporated Field Spaniels into their breeding programs, thus adding a longer softer coat to the sleek long-bodied dogs. Whatever their origin, Long Haired Dachshunds are prized for their elegant appearance. Personality Fun-loving and easy to get along with, Dachshunds do well in a variety of homes. With their short legs and small size, Miniature Long Haired Dachshunds do well as apartment dogs. Like most scent hounds, Dachshunds like to follow their noses, and are likely to investigate any interesting holes in the ground.

Polonez, Wojciech & Margaret Krzewski. Home-raised, fun-loving, affectionate and well socialized healthy puppies occasionally available to approved homes. Mississauga, ON. (905) 615-8566; gosia.wojtek1988@gmail.com Sniffntell Perm. Reg’d, Shirley Thompson. Ch. lines. Beautiful Creams BC.BT, Reds. Good Temperament Guaranteed. Conformation, Show and Pet. Woodstock, ON. (519) 5390658; sthompson@execulink.com; www. sniffntellkennels.com


History All Dachshunds originated in Germany, where they were used as go-toground hunting hounds. Different sizes specialized in different prey, with larger dogs pursuing badgers and smaller ones going after rabbit and hare. To differentiate Dachshund sizes, the Germans measured the circumference of the dog’s chest. A smaller chest meant the dog could pursue smaller prey; the smallest were called rabbitsized. In North America, we do not recognize the rabbit-sized dogs, and measure their sizes by weight rather than girth. The Miniature Smooth Dachshund is the small version of the original Standard Smooth Dachshund; it’s believed these “minis” were developed by breeding together smaller-than-usual Standard Dachshunds.

Appearance Up to 14” (35 cm); chest circumference 12-14” (30-35 cm) Up to 11 lb (5 kg)

Personality A bright and friendly family favourite, the Miniature Smooth Dachshund may be small, but not in personality. He has Double coat with soft straight or wavy plenty of energy, though his short legs make it Quick Facts outercoat. Solid (red, cream), two-coloured easy to keep him well exercised. Because he was Exercise Requirements (black, chocolate, grey or white with bred to be a hunter, it is important to remember Grooming rust-brown or yellow markings), dappled that he loves to follow a scent, and will dig if he (brown, grey or white background with finds something interesting in the yard. BC irregular patches of black, grey, brown, red Appearance Up to 14” (35 cm); chest Cotonfield Coton de Tulear. COTON FIELD or yellow) or striped (red or yellow with circumference 12-14” (30-35 cm) FIRST KISS BISS, BIS CKC Gr. Ch. AKC Ch. darker striping). Up to 11 lb (5 kg) Thick, supple single coat. Cottony texture. Slightly wavy. White ground colour, also black, grey, yellow, tricolour and white markings.


Photo: Alice Van Kempen

COTON FIELD FIRST KISS BISS, BIS, CKC GR CH. AKC CH. Also winner Westminster Kennel Club in New York 2018. Welcome to our Coton de Tulear famiy in Abbotsford, BC. Bred/Owned by Diane Benaroch, Coton Field Coton de Tulear

Concession 8, Moorefield, ON N0G 2K0. (519) 638-3445; shadyrillcb@gmail.com; www. bournecrest.com

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Coton De Tulear


Also winner Westminster Kennel Club in New York 2018. DNA tested, health tested. Loving companions and show puppies at times. Health, temperament, beauty, JUST ADD LOVE! Call me to find out if this breed is for you. (604) 856-6627; benaroch@telus.net; www.cotonfield.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.) SK JOMARANS Reg’d, Beth Dalman & Cathy Enns. JOMARANS Cotons (since 1996) and Havanese



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Smooth, shiny short coat. Solid (red, cream), two-coloured (black, chocolate, grey or white with rust-brown or yellow markings), dappled (brown, grey or white background with irregular patches ON Bournecrest Reg’d, Christine Bourne. Quality of black, grey, brown, red or yellow) puppies, with excellent temperaments. Five or striped (red or yellow with darker striping). year congenital health guarantee. Most colours Quick Facts including cream and white piebalds. Give us Exercise Requirements a call and come and meet all the dogs. 8435 Grooming

Appearance 8- 9” (20-23 cm) 12-32 lb (5.5-14 kg)

Appearance Up to 14” (35 cm); chest circumference 12-14” (30-35 cm) Up to 11 lb (5 kg)

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Short, smooth, odourless and shiny coat. Solid (red, cream), two-coloured (black, chocolate, grey or white with rust-brown or yellow markings), dappled (brown, grey or white background with irregular patches of black, grey, brown, red or yellow) or striped (red or yellow with darker striping).


Double coat with uniform short harsh Duffailloux Perm. Reg’d, Françoise Favieroutercoat. Beard. Solid (red, cream), twoLafreniere. (450) 753-6366; dufailloux@live.ca; coloured (black, chocolate, grey or white www.dufailloux.site with rust-brown or yellow markings), dappled (brown, grey, or white background Disguise Reg’d, Tanya McCarthy. Pre-spoiled with irregular patches of black, grey, brown, DACHSHUND and pre-loved beautiful dachshunds, raised in red or yellow) or striped (red or yellow with (STANDARD WIRE-HAIRED) our home as part of our family. Breeding only darker striping).

Photo: Alice Van Kempen


History Born to hunt, the Dachshund was bred in Germany to go to ground after burrowing prey such as badgers. Miniature varieties were used to hunt rabbit and hare, which their larger cousins couldn’t reach. Its popularity in North America declined during the First and Second World Wars, when its German origins caused people to turn against the breed. The wire-haired variety of Dachshund was the last to be developed. It isn’t certain whether the wire hair came from selective breeding, or if hard-coated Terriers and Pinschers might have been added to the bloodlines. Either way, the breed’s Terrier-like looks combined with its Dachshund body shape appealed to North Americans and has helped increase its popularity in recent years.


Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Sniffntell Perm. Reg’d, Shirley Thompson. Ch. lines. Beautiful Reds. Good Temperament Guaranteed. Conformation, Show and Pet. Woodstock, ON. (519) 539-0658; sthompson@ execulink.com; www.sniffntellkennels.com

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Photo: Alice Van Kempen

from quality, championed, health tested parents with an emphasis on temperament, health and conformation. Reservations recommended as we only breed occasionally. Actively participating in the conformation, earth dog and obedience rings. Wellandport, ON, L0R 2J0; (905) 920-3987; longears@yahoo.ca; www. disguisedachshundleonberger.com

Dachshund (Standard Wire-Haired)

Careanuff Reg’d, Tammy L. Brown. ALL my Dachshunds LIVE in my home. Pups are BORN in my Bedroom and come to you Pre-Spoiled, Socialized and Loved. Choose from a Variety of Colours and Patterns. I look forward to filling your Arms, Heart and Home with the Pitter Patter of little Dachshund feet!! Newbury, ON N0L 1Z0. (519) 695-6596; careanuff@hotmail.ca; www.careanuff.webs.com

Personality With his short legs and cheery tail, the Dachshund is sure to bring a smile to his people. He is loyal and loving, though he does have a bit of a stubborn streak at times. Like most small breeds, the Dachshund can be a bit snippy with children, but if well socialized does very well with them. He also loves to follow his nose and may attempt to “hunt” in the yard, digging at interesting holes.

History Named for their prey, the “dachs” or badger, the Dachshund is a hardy hunting dog from Germany. The breed was selected for its long, narrow body that could easily fit into narrow holes in the ground. The dog’s long floppy ears protected the ear canals from dirt when going to ground, and his long wavy tail signaled his location History Believed to be the original ancestor while hunting, and offered a grip should of the other Dachshund breeds, the he become wedged in a hole. The Standard Wire-Haired Dachshund was created by Standard Smooth Haired Dachshund adding Terrier blood to produce a spunky hunted badger and fox from as early as the dog with a more weather-resistant coat. 16th century in Germany. A true terrier, the Dachshund was bred for its long, narrow Personality Big personality in a little body that could easily fit into the holes of its body certainly describes the Dachshund. A prey. When Prince Albert introduced the happy, sometimes opinionated fellow, he breed to Britain, confusion over the is an affectionate and cheerful member of translation of “hund” caused it to be the family. His history as a hunter makes classified as a hound, and the Dachshund it important to socialize him with cats or small pets, though he will accept them has remained in that group ever since. as family if introduced at a young age. Personality Friendly, alert and outgoing, Outside, the Dachshund likes to follow his the high spirited Dachshund makes a good nose and dig when things smell interesting. watchdog as well as a great companion. Overall he is an easy-going family pet who Because of his Terrier qualities, he likes to is happy to be with his people. take charge of situations, so early, consistent Appearance 14-18” (35-46 cm); training, lots of patience and early socialization chest circumference is important. A fenced yard will help contain 14” (35 cm) this fearless fellow, who may find himself 11-20 lb (5-9 kg) following his gifted sense of smell if given the Double coat with uniform short harsh opportunity. Regular exercise will keep the outercoat. Beard. Solid (red, cream), Dachshund happy as well as trim. This is a two-coloured (black, chocolate, breed that does well in the city or the country. grey or white with rust-brown or Dachshund (Standard Wire-Haired) continued on page 124. CanadianDOGS.com 121


ON Bournecrest Reg’d, Christine Bourne. Quality puppies, with excellent temperaments. Five year congenital health guarantee. Most colours including chocolate and dapples. Give us a call and come and meet all the dogs. 8435 Concession 8, Moorefield, ON N0G 2K0. (519) 638-3445; shadyrillcb@gmail.com; www. bournecrest.com

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Taylor Ranch Kennels Perm. Reg’d, Twyla Taylor. CKC registered Top quality pups available to loving family homes from European imported show lines. All breeding dogs are health tested and all pups come with a written guarantee. CKC registered since 1994. Visit our website for more information and availability. Sherwood Park, AB. (780) 922-3985; taylorranchkennel@ gmail.com; www.taylorranchkennels.com


Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Dachshund (Standard Wire-Haired)

yellow markings), dappled (brown, grey or white background with irregular patches of black, grey, brown, red or yellow) or striped (red or yellow with darker striping).

History The Dalmatian has been known in Europe since the Middle Ages and takes his name from Dalmatia (now a part of Croatia), where the earliest records of the breed exist. His origin is unclear, although some histories portray him as a gundog, a herding dog, a draft dog, a guardian and a ratter. When the Dalmatian made his appearance in England in the 18th century, he became immensely popular as a carriage dog, accompanying the aristocracy’s ornate conveyances and horses around town and on long treks through the countryside. He could also be found in the stables of the working class, and in fire stations with horsedrawn water wagons. The four-legged “siren” would help clear the streets by running ahead of the wagon barking. When the Dalmatian arrived in the New World (the U.S.), he automatically endeared himself to firefighters, and no station was complete without one of these spotted mascots. Personality Intelligent and enthusiastic, with lots of joie de vivre and a good demeanour. Socialization, positive training and an abundance of exercise make this athletic fellow a happy, loyal companion. Appearance 21-24” (56-61 cm) 53-70 lb (24-32 kg)


while maintaining conformation, intelligence, temperament, and health. Breeding stock is BAER tested and certified OFA (clear of hip dysplasia). We have in home raised puppies occasionally for show, obedience, performance or for just plain lovin.’ Retired adults are sometimes available and we provide information always. We are proud to raise these highly intelligent, beautiful, devoted & loyal dogs for almost 30 years. (403) 729-2227; jbh@ echoview.ca; www.echoview.ca



Am. & Can. CH Caretta’s Marcus, BPISS, (ASFA) FCH, Multi Group Placements, conformation, performance, but most of all companion. Bred/Owned by Susan Trow, Caretta Reg’d. Lac Superieur, QC.

History The regal Scottish Deerhound has a centuries-old history with Scottish landowners, developing as a descendant of the most northern types of British Greyhounds known in the 18th and 19th centuries as Highland Greyhounds or rough Scotch Greyhounds. These rough haired Deerhounds were traditionally used to hunt the 250-300 pound Highland Red deer by coursing over treacherous rocky heath and hill country. Today, Deerhounds are primarily companions and family members. Their grace, dignity, and beauty have been faithfully depicted by numerous artists over the years, including Sir Edwin Landseer. History First-named of the terrier breeds, Novelist Sir Walter Scott was also a fan, the Dandie Dinmont hails from the rugged describing the Scottish Deerhound as “the border country between England and most perfect creature of Heaven”. Scotland. Local farmers developed the Personality Calm, dignified, devoted fearless little dog to root out badgers and and gentle-natured, the mature Scottish otters. Jealously guarded by a limited Deerhound makes an excellent family pet number of owners, the sturdy breed when its exercise needs are satisfied. While performed without any specific name or their large size might intimidate some, the pedigree until it was immortalized in Scottish Deerhound is neither a barker nor literature. Writer Sir Walter Scott was so a watchdog, and is far too kind hearted to charmed by these affectionate little dogs be a guard dog. Not surprisingly, he loves to that he incorporated them into his 1812 run and needs a securely fenced yard or a novel, Guy Mannering. The book’s main safe place to exercise off leash. character, a farmer named Dandie Dinmont, owned a whole family of the terriers, and Appearance 28-32” (71-81 cm) 75-110 lb (34-50 kg) soon the breed became as famous as the book. Queen Victoria owned and bred Coat is harsh, shaggy and close-lying with some “Dandie Dinmont’s terriers”. beard and moustache. Dark blue-grey and Personality Intelligent, loyal and various shades of grey brindle prevail with the adaptable, the Dandie Dinmont is at home old original colours of yellow, sandy red or red in city or country. He is protective, with fawn with black points now lost in time. a loud bark for such a little dog. Good Quick Facts with children, he can be independent Exercise Requirements and distant with strangers. Early training Grooming and socializing will reinforce his natural QC responsiveness and serenity.


Pure white with black or liver coloured spots, ranging from a dime to half-dollar in Appearance 8-11” (20-28 cm) size. Short, sleek, dense and glossy coat. 18-24 lb (8-11 kg) Quick facts Non-shedding coat. “Pepper” (light grey Exercise requirements to blue-black) or “mustard” (light fawn to Grooming reddish brown), his distinctive top-knot is always white. Round head. Expressive AB Echo View Dalmatians Perm Reg’d is a small, “liquid” eyes. dedicated, well-established show/breeding facility, Leslieville, Alberta, Canada. We strive for the perfect harmony of elegance, balance, and expression


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Caretta Reg’d, Susan Trow. Dedicated to the breed I have loved for many years. Homeraised, well socialized puppies occasionally available. My breeding is done with careful consideration for health, temperament, conformation and performance, from North American, Scottish and Australian bloodlines. Lifetime owner support. Une elevage deliberee avec les chiots disponibles occasionnelement. (819) 688-5697; strow@sympatico.ca (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.)

headstrong, consistent positive training is important from an early age.

health guarantee. Puppies occasionally to responsible homes. RR 4, Owen Sound, ON N4K 5N6. Home (519) 794-3456; Cell (226) 668-6031; ultrasoundkennel@gmail.com; www. ultrasoundkennels.com

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QC Mont-Dobe enr. 1985 Perm. Reg’d, Jocelyn Bourdeau. Éleveur de dobermann européenn depuis 30 ans, les au Québec, issue des meilleures lignéees européennes, norden stamm Langenhorst, linenhof, stivenhage, royalbell, de kalhan, inside devil nos reproducteurs recents. Petite élevage de très haute qualité. Une portée par année. (450) 883-5045; itca@sympatico.ca

-See Schapendoes

Appearance 11-16” (28-40 cm) 32-34 lb (14-16 kg) Thick but short coat with denser areas on neck, back, and back of thighs. Large, ON McCartney Ron, Ultrasound Reg’d. 43 years long, well-proportioned head with drop of dedication, breeding for longevity. Health ears. Short legs similar to a Dachshund’s tested. Quality and temperament-plus, brains and long, bristly tail. Colours range from and beauty. Canadian and American bloodlines. fawn, black or black/tan, always with white Show and companion prospects. Written patches on face, feet, neck, chest and tail.

Personality Today’s Doberman Pinscher is a far more tractable dog than Herr Dobermann’s original breed. He is intelligent and loyal, and dedicated to his person. Bred to be a working dog, the Doberman does best when he has a purpose, and excels at obedience and police work. He remains a protective individual who serves his owner with a dedication few other breeds can match. As a household companion, the Doberman Pinscher is good with children and other dogs if socialization and regular exercise is provided from an early age. Appearance 24-29” (61-72 cm) 70-99 lb (32-45 kg) Short, smooth hard coat. Black, red, blue or fawn with rust markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Taylor Ranch Kennels Perm. Reg’d. Our dobermans are imported from some of Europe’s top pedigrees in both show and working lines. Striving to raise the best pups in


Photo: Dutch Shepherd Acres

Over time, the Doberman’s brave and intelligent nature has made him an excellent working dog. He has been used for police work, search and rescue, guiding, guarding and much more. He is a favourite of the military. While he was originally bred to have a fierce temperament, modern breeders have selected for level-headedness and responsiveness.



Photo: Westarr Perm. Reg’d

History Karl Freidrich Louis Dobermann was a tax collector in Germany during the mid-1800s. Tax collectors were understandably not well liked, and the job was very dangerous. To keep himself safe, and to make his job easier, Dobermann decided to produce a large Pinscher-type dog who could work by his side. By combining a variety of breeds such as the German Shepherd, Rottweiler, Weimaraner, German Pinscher, Greyhound and Manchester Terrier, he produced a dog that was lean, brave, loyal and decidedly protective. The breed was recognized as the Doberman Pinscher by 1900.

Dutch Shepherd Dog

health, temperament, structure and longevity. Our breeding stock are health tested and pups come with written guarantees. Visit our website for more information at www. taylorranchkennels.com

History In the early 1600s, when much of the Netherlands was devoted to sheepherding, the Dutch Shepherd Dog excelled at tending to flocks. But as sheep farming diminished, so did the breed itself. In the last few decades, however, dedicated Dutch Shepherd breeders have kept this smart and active dog thriving at farm work and, more extensively, at police History A hunting dog with Swedish roots and guard duty. (“drev” means “to hunt” in Swedish), the Because of the popularity of his German Drever is a descendant of the Westphalian Shepherd cousin, the Dutch Shepherd is Dachsbracke from Germany – another considered a rare breed in North America. hound dog of similar temperament and short-legged stature. The Drever is known for Personality Alert and quick to learn, the its first-class nose, and for being a powerful Dutch Shepherd Dog does best with early tracker that excels at driving game toward training, followed by ongoing pursuits such the gun. Recognized as a Swedish breed in as agility, field training and herding. He is 1953, the Drever is considered a rare breed exceedingly smart and requires ongoing in North America, though it remains one of mental and physical challenges. Naturally the most popular dogs in its native Sweden. protective, loyal and tireless, this is a dog best Personality Described as both tenacious paired with a strong, confident, active owner. and industrious, the Drever lives for work, Appearance 22-24.5” (55-62 cm) and often wants to continue hunting long 65-67 lb (29.5-30.5 kg) after his owner is finished. Despite its strong The Dutch Shepherd looks much like a mentality, the Drever can be calm and friendly, and is notorious for his constantly German Shepherd, but with three different wagging tail. Always alert and ready for weather-resistant coat variations: shortaction, this breed requires plenty of exercise haired, long-haired or wiry/rough-haired. and socializing to keep him physically and Black with streaks of gold and grey. mentally stimulated. That being said, Quick Facts apartment life isn’t necessarily a writeoff, as Drevers are independent and can Exercise Requirements occupy themselves indoors between walks, Grooming Shorthaired provided their activity needs are adequately Long and Wiry/Rough-haired met. Since the Drever can be somewhat







- See Spaniel (English Cocker)

ENGLISH TOY SPANIEL - See (King Charles Spaniel)


Entlebucher Mountain Dog



History When stags grew scarce in the 13th century, aristocratic English hunters turned to pursuing the quick and clever fox. Tracking hounds of the original Bloodhound type lacked enough speed and agility for this livelier chase, so astute breeding produced the lighter and more History Originating in the valley of Entlebuch in Switzerland, the Entlebucher sure-footed English Foxhound. Records of is the smallest of the four Swiss specialized Foxhound kennels date back to Sennenhunds (mountain dogs). Like all of 1696, with 50 more kennels established in the Sennenhund breeds, he is thought to the next five decades. be descended from the large Molossers This handsome breed made its way to North brought to Switzerland by the Romans in America in the late 18th century and was the first century B.C. This hardy Alpine the predecessor to the American Foxhound, breed was used primarily for herding cows, Coonhound and other scent hounds. but also occasionally for hogs and horses. The Entlebucher was recognized as a Personality The archetype pack animal, the separate Swiss Mountain Dog breed in the English Foxhound is a congenial creature. late 1800s, and received breed club status As affectionate as he is, the Foxhound may in 1926. not always suit a family home. His lineage Personality This strong-muscled, gives him a powerful instinct, and for this independent, confident dog is happiest reason, training should start in puppyhood. when he is providing work for his family. Ancestry almost always ensures that the Give him a job to do and he’ll gladly English Foxhound may be happiest in a come through! The naturally bob-tailed pack, running daily to keep fit for the activity Entlebucher is highly-intelligent and has he loves: the chase. the ability to be well-focused, so positive Appearance 23-25” (58-64 cm) training from an early age is important. 65-70 lb (29.5-31.5 kg) Adventurous and determined, this dog is a great companion for outdoor activities, Short, dense, glossy coat. Black, tan and sports, hiking, and long city strolls. This white colour in any combination. friendly dog is devoted to his family, and despite being quite independent, Quick Facts thrives when given lots of attention. Exercise Requirements The Entlebucher is a perfect breed for Grooming someone who can be a positive leader and wants an active canine companion. With ENGLISH SPRINGER SPANIEL socialization, they are usually good with - See Spaniel (English Springer) children, strangers, and other dogs.

History The Eurasier is a recent breed whose development is credited to Julius Wipfel of Germany. He crossed the Wolfspitz (Keeshond) with the Chow Chow, known for his calm, affectionate and independent yet loyal nature, and called the resulting dogs Wolf-Chows.

Appearance 16.5-19.5” (42-50 cm) 55-65 lb (25-29.5 kg)

Medium-length, harsh loosely-lying outercoat. Thick undercoat. All colours and colour combinations except pure white, white patches or liver.

Male is longer than the square-shaped female. Soft, fluffy chest and blaze, with smooth, shiny outercoat. Undercoat is soft and dense. Muscular, sturdy body. Symmetrical tricolour markings are black, white, and tan, or black, white, and yellow. Can also have brown, white, and yellow markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming




Some breeders chose to select more for type, neglecting temperament. When these lines were culled from the breed, the remaining dogs became too inbred. To correct this, Wipfel crossed his dogs to Samoyeds because of their friendly temperament and natural vigour. The Zuchmeinschaft für Erasier was founded in 1973; the name was changed to Eurasier, reflecting the combination of European and Asian breeds. The Eurasier was recognized by the CKC in 1995, but remains unrecognized in the United States. Personality The primary goal of Wipfel’s breeding program was to produce a Spitz with a consistently excellent temperament. The resulting even-tempered, friendly, intelligent and calm-natured Eurasier is a supreme family dog. He is neither timid nor aggressive, though he can be aloof with strangers. At home he is deeply attached to his family, and hates to be left alone. Because he was always intended as a companion, the Eurasier does not need a lot of exercise, though regular walks are a necessity to keep him healthy and fit. Appearance 19-24” (48-60 cm) 39-71 lb (18-32 kg)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History For centuries, Spaniels have provided humans with companionship and performance. While smaller types enjoyed hearth and home, larger Spaniels flushed game from field and stream. It was only a dog’s size and job that determined a Spaniel “breed”. With the introduction of dog shows in mid-19th century Britain, breeders developed a more nuanced system. While some Spaniel types continued to work, the larger Field Spaniel found itself assigned to the show ring. The breed was a hit. But in trying to improve on perfection, breeders developed the well proportioned canine into an awkward, heavy headed dog. Health problems followed, and for a time, the breed fell out of favour. A century ago, committed breeders restored the Field Spaniel to his original build, sustaining the breed and meeting the standards that dog fanciers recognize and appreciate today.

History The Finnish Lapphund originally hunted reindeer and provided protection for the Sami people who lived above the Arctic Circle. When the semi-nomadic tribes established settlements in a region that included parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland and northwestern Russia, this Spitz-type dog turned from hunting reindeer to herding them. As reindeer declined, the Lapphund was invaluable in herding cattle and sheep.

Finnish Spitz


Personality The Field Spaniel’s sporting ancestry, coupled with an abiding love for “his people”, make the breed a desirable family dog. Calm and affectionate, he is also game for a romp. The Field Spaniel is intelligent, and adapts to an urban or country setting. The Field Spaniel is sensitive, so early gentle training ensures his affection will extend to strangers. Appearance 17-18” (43-45.5 cm) 35-50 lb (16-22.5 kg) Moderately long, flat or wavy coat. Glossy with moderate feathering. Black, liver, golden-liver, mahogany red or roan. Tan markings acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History Originating in Lapland (the northern regions of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia), the Finnish Spitz, also known as the Lapinkoira, was a hunting dog who tracked large prey such as bear and elk. For many years the breed remained pure, but as technology and transportation improved, Lapland dogs spread southwards and interbred with local dog populations. Crossbreeding deteriorated the breed so much that by 1880 the Lapinkoira was nearly In the 1940s, Finnish breeders established extinct. Finnish breed fanciers searched the standards under the dog’s original name, northern regions for purebred examples of the Lapponian Shepherd Dog. The name the breed, and by the 1890s began a encompassed both long- and short-haired types. Currently, it is the long-haired breed concerted effort to recreate the pure Finnish we identify as the Finnish Lapphund, or the Spitz. Lapinkoira, as it’s sometimes called. The original dogs were used to hunt A familiar companion dog in Finnish large game, but modern Finnish Spitz are homes, the Lapphund’s worldwide primarily bird dogs. Called the “barking bird dog”, he has a unique hunting style in which popularity is on the rise. he alerts hunters to where he finds the birds Personality The Lapphund’s strongest with a continuous bark, called a yodel. trait is his tendency to herd. This is a dog who likes to be in on the action, and as his Personality Reserved with strangers, yet ancestors were capable of herding all day playful and even clownish with friends, the long, he thrives in an active environment. Finnish Spitz is a vocal breed who likes to Courageous, faithful and intelligent, the make his presence known. He is highly Finnish Lapphund has an intuitive nature loyal to his people, and can be protective that picks up direction almost before his at times. Early socialization helps him feel trainer supplies it. comfortable with new people, though he will always show caution among strangers. Appearance 16-20.5” (40.5-52 cm) Like many hunting breeds, the Finnish 33-53 lb (15-24 kg) Spitz is an athlete, and makes an excellent Dense, insulating double coat. All colours, jogging companion as long as the weather with one colour dominating. isn’t too hot. Quick Facts Appearance 15-20” (39-51 cm) Exercise Requirements 15-35 lb (7-16 kg) Grooming Straight, long harsh outercoat. Short, soft dense undercoat. Shades of reddish brown, golden red. May have white markings.


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming





Photo: Alice Van Kempen


Fox Terrier (Smooth)




- See Retriever (Flat Coated)


History The Fox Terrier has been around since the early days of mounted fox hunts. Hounds were used to scent and follow prey, History One of the original English terriers, but were not suited to taking the fox in its the Fox Terrier has been ferreting out small den. For this, hunters would carry a Fox animals since the 1400s. When fox hunting Terrier in a sack or box as they rode, letting became the British aristocracy’s favourite him out when the fox had gone to ground sport in the 18th century, hunters carried so he could pursue the fox into its den and the compact dog on horseback, setting chase it out. him down when the prey took cover. The scrappy little dog was sure to go to ground – The breed existed for many years before and have something to show for it. In 1862, being defined in the late 1800s when dog the breed made its first appearance at a dog shows became popular. Two varieties were show in the English manufacturing centre recognized – the smooth coated and wire of Birmingham, thereby guaranteeing its coated Fox Terrier. The ancestry of each is likely different, with the Greyhound, place as “the working man’s” favourite. Beagle and Bull Terrier founding the The breed made its North American debut Smooth Fox Terrier, and the now extinct at the turn of the 20th century. Not long Welsh Black and Tan Terrier founding the afterwards, it was immortalized in the record Wire Fox Terrier. Despite their differing company logo for “His Master’s Voice”. origins, the two varieties were not Personality Scrappy, happy, plucky and recognized as separate breeds in North personable, the Fox Terrier’s compact size America until the 1980s. makes him a natural city dweller, providing Personality Alert and active, the Wire Fox he gets plenty of fun and exercise. True Terrier is a fun dog to have around the to his breeding, the Fox Terrier can be a home. He is a hunter at heart and should digger, which makes him a candidate for be watched with smaller pets that might be early training. considered prey. Early socialization helps him become more confident and easy to Appearance 14.5-15.5” (36.8-39.5 cm) manage when confronted with new people 15.5-18 lb (7-8 kg) and situations. He is quite intelligent and with positive training can do well in Smooth, thick, hard coat. Mostly white with obedience or agility. The Wire Fox Terrier black, tan or ginger markings. gets quite attached to his people, prefers to not be left alone for long periods, and can Quick Facts be a bit of a barker. Exercise Requirements Grooming Appearance Up to 15.5” (40 cm) Up to 18 lb (8 kg)


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


Very minimal Minimal Average More than average Maximum


Wiry, hard dense outercoat. Soft dense undercoat. Mostly white with black, black and tan, or tan markings.


SK Paigewyre Reg’d, Patricia E Garling. Quality homeraised puppies and adults occasionally for pet or show. Stud service available. Health guaranteed. 938 1st St, Estevan, SK S4A 0G6. (306) 634-1252; paigewyre@sasktel.net; www. paigewyre.com

Best In Specialty Show/American/Canadian Grand Champion Karendon’s Keep Calm N’ Sip On. Siri represents 17 generations of linebreeding healthy French Bulldogs with sound temperaments and extraordinary type.

History The Bulldog was very popular in England during the 1800s. While the larger varieties were best for fighting, many people preferred the smaller ones, which became much-loved house pets. The Nottingham region of England, known for its lace-making, was particularly enamoured of these smaller Bulldogs. When the Industrial Revolution and economic downturn of the 1860s forced lace-makers to move to France in pursuit of work, they took their dogs with them. These animals were then crossed with local dogs, producing the breed now known as the French Bulldog. The French Bulldog became popular in North America in the 19th century. At that time, both the English-style “rose” (folded) ears and the newer “bat” (erect) ears were considered acceptable. American breeders greatly preferred the bat ears. Eventually they won out. Bat ears are now the accepted breed standard. Personality Cheerful and full of playful joie de vivre, the French Bulldog or Frenchie is a wonderful family pet. He gets along with everyone, including other pets. His shortened muzzle tends to make him snore and drool, and he shouldn’t be exercised heavily in hot weather. With his happy disposition and good-hearted nature, he enjoys positive training and is generally an obedient soul. Appearance 12” (30 cm) 22-28 lb (10-12.5 kg) Short, smooth glossy coat. Brindle, fawn, cream, white, brindle and white, brindle pied or black-masked fawn. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Taylor Ranch Kennels Perm. Reg’d strives to bring you top quality French Bulldogs in structure, temperament, health and pedigrees. Pups will be CKC registered with


ON Eltorro French Bulldogs Reg’d. Home of the BIS and group winning Frenchies for over 40 years. We strive for excellence in conformation, along with good health and temperaments first and foremost. Our dogs are not only show dogs, but make the best of companions. What the French Bulldog is all about! Guelph, ON. (519) 763-2786; eltorrofrenchies@att.net; www. eltorrofrenchbulldogs.com HORNERBROOK Reg’d, Jacques R. LaPierre & Nathalie L. LaPierre. PO Box 88, Verona ON, K0H 2W0. (613) 372-1544; hornrbrk@kingston. net; www.hornerbrook.com KARENDON PERM. REG’D. For over 23 years and 14 generations, we have focused our select breeding program on health, temperament, and type. Our pedigrees represent the finest bloodlines in the world. In addition to being Canadian and American conformation Champions, our beautiful French Bulldogs are Best In Specialty Show, Best In Show and multi Group Winners. They are always lovingly breeder/owner handled in the Conformation Show Ring. However, most importantly, our French Bulldogs are amazing pets with average lifespans of 13 to 14 years. (613) 752-2382; karen@karendonfrenchbulldogs.com; www. karendonfrenchbulldogs.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.)

Shipping Available. Doberman pups available. (780) 986-6877; pinscher@telus.net; www. tri-pinscher.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)


UKC Internationally registered, devoted, loving and protective companions. Producing Grand Champions with excellent temperaments. Bred/Owned by Tri-Pinscher Kennels, Donna Smith. Leduc, AB

History Although he looks like a miniature Doberman, the German Pinscher goes back centuries and was the inspiration for Louis Dobermann when he created his breed. The progenitors of the Pinscher were Terriers, too large to chase prey underground but suited to hunting beaver, badger and otter. By the 15th century, the breed developed into the Rattler, which came in two varieties: smooth and rough. The German Pinscher is descended from the smooth Rattler.

German Shepherd Dog

written health guarantees from health tested parents. For more info visit our website. www. albertafrenchbulldogs.com

Pacino 1 del Barranquet IPO3 VA Sweden, Switzerland, Canada. New breeding male imported and owned by Rivergreen Shepherds. Sheila MacLeod. www.rivergreen-shepherds.com

History One of the world’s best known breeds, the German Shepherd was created by Rittmeister Max von Stephanitz. In the 1890s, von Stephanitz sought to create a superb German herding dog. He selected the best dogs from local farm stock, and the result was the German Shepherd. When the need for herding dogs decreased, von Stephanitz continued promoting his breed by encouraging the military and police to use them. They did so well that 48,000 German Shepherds were enlisted in the German Army during World War I.

The breed was not recognized officially until 1879. Like many German breeds, the Pinscher nearly died out during the First and Second World Wars. In 1958, Herr Werner Jung undertook the effort of rebuilding the breed, searching Germany for good Nifty Reg’d, Kathy O’Drowsky. (519) 933-4773; representatives of the Pinscher type. All odrowsky@aol.com; www.niftyfrenchbulldogs.com modern German Pinschers are descendants of Jung’s breeding program. The German Shepherd’s intelligence and Personality Always alert and at the ready, the versatility have kept him popular, despite German Pinscher is a multi-talented dog who the boycotting of German breeds during the WHAT’S A needs strong leadership and a job to keep him First and Second World Wars. He now is used happy. He is intelligent and assertive, quick to for many purposes including police work, PUREBRED DOG? learn, and able to think for himself. German search and rescue, scent discrimination, Pinschers do well in many dog sports, and guide and assistance duties and military IN CANADA, A work. He is also a prized companion dog. benefit from early socialization.


Personality An intelligent and poised dog, the German Shepherd is prized for his quick-thinking, brave and observant nature. Short, dense, smooth close-lying coat. All He is easy to train, and loves to work. To stay solid colours ranging from fawn to stag red, happy, he needs regular exercise for both mind and body. German Shepherds make black and blue with reddish-tan markings. great family dogs, and do well with children. Quick Facts Appearance 21-26” (55-66 cm) Exercise Requirements 48-88 lb (22-40 kg) Grooming Medium-length, dense harsh outercoat. Thick undercoat. May have ruff. Most AB Tri-Pinscher Kennels, Donna Smith. Established colours accepted except white. Some 1996. Customer comments: “Thee BEST kept breeders select for white shepherds and SECRET in DOGDOM !! “. “THE PERFECT promote them as a separate breed. Appearance 1  7-20” (43-51 cm) 31-44 lb (14-20 kg)

Ideal Medium size breed!”. Devoted, super smart, loving family companions and guardians. “THIS breed LIVES for you and WILL die for you!”. Easily trained, versatile, low care with good health and longevity. 4 colours and ear cropping available. Pups are vet checked with 3-year written guarantee. UKC Internationally Registered. Producers of Grand Champions.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming German Shepherd Dog Club of Canada, Inc. Secretary - Tom Morgan. (613) 395-1182; dawn@eagle.ca; www.gsdcc.ca

German Shepherd Dog continued on page 130.





MottoPride Shepherds Reg’d, Sandi Evjen. We offer oversized Shepherds that are intelligent, smart, loyal loving companions. All pups come with a health guarantee. All breeding stock OFA’d. We live on 80 acres of grass and bush for exercising and training. Climate controlled kennel with large outdoor grass runs. We raise confident, happy, healthy, socialized puppies. Stony Plain, AB. 780-963-1697; sandi@ mottopride.ca; www.mottopride.ca


ON Abernot Linda, Winning Ways German Shepherd Dogs. Gorgeous, mentally and physically sound German Shepherd Dogs. OFA hips and elbows, genetically lab tested for DM and all GSD diseases for which testing is currently available. All our puppies and dogs are fed a raw natural diet for glistening coats and gleaming teeth. We carefully select West German Show lines and DDR working lines that have sound, family-friendly temperaments, proven producers of mentally and physically sound parents. All puppies temperament tested and carefully socialized with children, dogs, cats; mom’s teach how to use their dog door and potty outside; I teach them that meals only appear when they are sitting calmly and politely waiting. Five-year nose-to-tail guarantee, lifetime support. Over 30 years in the same location. 568 Old Goulais Bay Rd, Sault Ste. Marie, ON P6A 0B5. (705) 759-6366; winningways@shaw.ca; www.winningways.org Armstrong-Purnell Janice & Murray Purnell, Sanhedrin Reg’d. Quality home raised puppies from sound, health champion & obedience OFA certified clear stock. Our dogs do well in Obedience & Shows, but most of all, are loving family companions. 8676 Hwy 9, Tottenham, ON L0G 1W0. (416) 4413724 Cell; willysammi@hotmail.com; www. sanhedringermanshepherds.com Burgimwald Reg’d. Excellent temperament with high drive and happy disposition living on our forested 60 acre estate. Our dogs are from Germany’s top world famous bloodlines. Zamp, Farbenspiel, 14 generations of Trienzbachtal




Photo: Caren Weinstein

German Shepherd Dog

AB Guardian Angels Shepherds Reg’d, Mary Ann Marcellus. Breeding for health & temperament. All European working lines with no American show lines. German Shepherds the way they used to be! Three generations on site. Specializing in strong, sound and courageous partners! Bowden, AB T0M 0K0. (403) 5563656; k9trainer@dogwhisperer.ca; www. myguardianangelshepherds.com. (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

bloodlines and many more. All of our dogs are Canadian Champions. Our puppies are outstanding. Born and raised in our home puppy nursery. Puppy inquiries welcome. Barrie, ON. Young dogs and trained adults from Germany available occasionally. Call Erwin at (705) 333-8888; burgimwald@gmail.com; www. burgimwald.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) Committed to Canine, Lucescu Reg’d. 100% European Lines. Health Guaranteed. Puppies and adults for family companions, police and competition. (905) 386-6993; www. committedtocanine.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

History The Great Dane got his name from an 18th century French naturalist who believed the breed originated in Deep Hollow Kennels breeds for confident, Denmark and called it the “Grand Danois”. intelligent, loyal working German Shepherds. In actuality, the breed was developed in Suitable for sport or as a family pet. Puppies, Germany where it was called the “Deutsche occasional adults, and stud service available. Dogge” or German Mastiff. This is a far Port Colborne, Ontario. (905) 941-3176, more suitable name since the Great Dane brittany@deephollow.ca, www.deephollow.ca likely descended from the ancient Alaunt, a Like us on Facebook! (See our advertisement in Mastiff-type dog depicted in tomb drawings as early as 2200 BC. Over time, Irish the Breeder Spotlight) Wolfhound and English Mastiff bloodlines Rivergreen Reg’d. Proudly continues to were likely added, giving the breed added produce your canine companions, your size. protectors and many successful show dogs. We take great care to offer you healthy, happy puppies with beautiful structure and promising trainability. With over 30 years of Shepherd breeding. We appreciate our many contacts and friendships with wonderful people and their dogs. RR 3, Markdale, ON N0C 1H0. (519) 538-0910; rivergreen@xplornet.com; www. rivergreen-shepherds.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement on page 129 and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) SK Backstromhus Reg’d, Edith Norling. Bred for soundness, loyalty, athleticism and intelligence. Home raised puppies are good with children and make excellent companions. They do well in obedience, tracking and protection work. All breeding stock is health checked working or VA lines from Germany. Guarantee provided. Stud service and custom importing available. Saskatoon, SK (306) 653-2324; gnilrone@ sasktel.net; www.backstromhus.com

GOLDEN RETRIEVER -See Retriever (Golden)

GORDON SETTER - See Setter (Gordon)

Strong and brave, the Great Dane was a war dog for Germans and Celts, but over time, the Germans refined the breed, which was so well loved that it was declared the national dog of Germany in 1876. By the mid-1800s, Great Danes were imported to North America where breeders worked to tone down their sometimes fiercely protective nature, producing an eventempered though still protective dog. This made North American Great Danes the most desirable in the world. Personality Big, bold and a bit goofy, the Great Dane is a loving dog who adores his people. He is a leaner, preferring to be right up against his owner, and if he had his way he’d be a lap dog too. He enjoys going for long and often brisk walks, and without training can be difficult to hold onto once he gets going. Given his great size and independent thinking, it is important to start training early, keeping sessions short and sweet. Appearance At least 28” (71 cm) At least 100 lb (46 kg) Short, thick glossy coat. Brindle, fawn, black, harlequin, mantle and Blue. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Can & UKC Woolmarsh Prestonfield Matisse. Bred by Dr. Carol Graham & Norma Eddinton, Woolmarsh Perm. Reg’d. Owned by Dr. Carol Graham, Woolmarsh Perm. Reg’d. 5039 Erin Fourth Line, Acton, ON L7J 2L8

History Born in the Pyrenees Mountains of France and Spain, the Great Pyrenees protected the sheep and cattle that supported native peoples. Brave, sure-footed and utterly reliable, these white giants cared for their charges like no others. In 1675, the French Prince, later King Louis XIV, fell in love with a dog named Patou, who he brought home with him when he returned to France. Other nobles wanted a dog like Patou, and the breed soon became known as the “Royal Dog of France”. The Great Pyrenees remained popular as a herder. He was also favoured as a guard dog. In the mid-1600s, several Great Pyrenees were exported by Basque fishermen who brought them to the Canadian Maritimes. There they became founders for the Newfoundland dog. More recently, Great Pyrenees were exported to North America in the 1930s, where they gained new popularity among breeders. Personality Bred to be a herd guardian, it’s no surprise the Great Pyrenees is a protective dog dedicated to his family. He is kind and gentle with his flock, human or otherwise, but cautious with strangers. It is important to socialize Great Pyrenees at a young age. He has a tendency to want to patrol his territory, as he would livestock, so a well-fenced yard or leash walks are essential. Overall he is a serious conscientious family member who will protect his family with his life. Appearance 25-32” (63-81 cm) over 88 lb (female) or 100 lb (male) (40 kg or 50 kg)


History The oldest of the four Swiss Sennenhund varieties, the Greater Swiss Mountain dog is a descendant of the Mastiff dogs used by the ancient Romans during their conquests. Swiss farmers used the dogs as guardians, herders, and as draft and butcher’s dogs. Despite being a popular allpurpose working dog, their numbers declined dramatically and by the late 19th century only a few remained. In 1908, a man named Franz Schertenleib rediscovered the breed and implemented a breeding program based on the recommendation from Dr. Albert Heim. In 1910 the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog (aka “Swissy”) was accepted by the Swiss registry and the breed flourished once again.



Photo: Alice Van Kempen


History The Greyhound is one of the world’s oldest breeds. It dates back to nearly 3000 BC when its image appeared in ancient Egyptian carvings, although the first real description of the breed didn’t appear until 43 BC, when an ancient Roman named Ovid wrote about these sleek hunting dogs.

The Greyhound has changed very little since those early times. These fast, streamlined dogs were for royalty only, and originally used as sight hounds for hunting every type of game from hare to deer to foxes. It wasn’t until just over 200 years ago that Greyhound coursing became popular. Greyhounds were brought to North America by Spanish explorers in the 1500s and were among the first dogs to be recorded at American dog shows in the late 19th century. Among the Personality This mellow breed makes famous personalities who own Greyhounds for an ideal family dog. Patient, friendly, are George Washington and General Custer. and intelligent, the Swissy is a good Personality Beautiful, lean and lively, companion and a good guard dog without the Greyhound is today mostly valued as a having aggressive traits. His consistent companion animal. Not surprisingly, he’s temperament makes him good with the fastest of dog breeds and relies on sight children and other dogs. While mellow, and speed to make his way through the the Swissy remains puppy-like into its world. A safe space to run off-leash is key to second or third year. They enjoy lounging fulfilling these natural drives. His intensity with their family, as well as engaging in during exercise is nicely balanced by a calm, group activities. Socialization from a catlike demeanor indoors. He has a sweet young age is also important, since they can nature and makes a loving pet. be naturally protective. Appearance 26-28 in (66-76 cm) Appearance 23.5-28.5” (60-72 cm) 60-75 lb (27-29.5 kg) 110-154.5 lb (50-70 kg) Black, fawn and red, often with white or Medium-length, thick outercoat with short, brindle markings. thick undercoat. Symmetrical black, white, and tan markings on face. Body is black Quick Facts with rust and white coloured markings. Soft, Exercise Requirements floppy ears. Grooming

ON Woolmarsh Perm Reg’d, Dr. Carol Graham. Erin Fourth Line, Acton, ON L7J 2L8. Well socialized, home raised puppies occasionally from OFA certified parents. We also help with Great Pyrenees rescue for the Great Pyrenees Club of Southern Ontario. Inquiries welcome. (519) 853-3005; (519) 855-6439 Bus; (519) 8554408 Fax; woolmarsh53@gmail.com. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement above.)


Long, flat thick outercoat. Dense wooly outercoat. Neck ruff. White, white with grey, badger, reddish brown, tan markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Quick Facts Grooming Exercise Requirements Grooming



Photo: Somershire’s Reg’d

Griffon (Brussels)


History In the past, stable masters often had problems with rats that thrived off spilled grain left by horses as they ate. To counter this problem, fierce ratters like the Affenpinscher were common in stables. These dogs came to be known as Griffon D’Ecurie, or Stable Griffons. Lively and friendly, they were often taken along for rides as the coachmen left the stables for their duties. Nobles saw these cute canine companions and soon took them into their own homes as pets. Over time, other breeds such as Pugs and Toy Spaniels were crossed with Stable Griffons, giving them a higher skull and smaller size. Three varieties of coat and type developed: the rough red became known as the Brussels Griffon. The First and Second World Wars were hard on the Brussels Griffon. Fortunately, the breed was preserved in both Europe and in North America.


Personality Distinguished by his humanlike face, the Brussels Griffon is a bright, confident and curious imp. He bonds strongly with his person and can be shy with strangers, so benefits from early socialization. Intelligent, affectionate and sensitive, the Brussels Griffon needs an owner who trains in a positive manner and is attentive to his needs.

ON Somershire Reg’d, Blanche Somers. We breed for quality, health and excellent temperament. Well socialized and home-raised from pups, we carefully breed from Champion bloodlines and produce show and loving family companions. We occasionally have smooth coats but rough coats are our specialty. Inquires welcome. (905) 478-8880, somershiregriffs@gmail.com; www. somershirekennel.com


GRIFFON (WIRE HAIRED POINTING) Mother and Daughter, Roxie and Ella diving. Producing Havanese that are more than just companions, including therapy dogs. Bred/Owned by Nathan & Darla Potechin, Talemakers Havanese.

History Around 1870, a Dutchman named Korthals decided to create a sporting dog that could compete with English gun dogs. Beginning with Griffon stock, which he carefully inbred to set the traits he desired, he then combined other sporting breeds such as the French Pointer, French Barbet, German Short-Haired Pointer and various spaniels and setters. The resulting dogs were strong, versatile and excellent birding dogs that could point, track and retrieve their prey. Though slower than many other breeds of gun dog, the Wire Haired Pointing Griffon had the advantage of being easy to work in small farm fields. It also had the ability to track injured birds that ran, ensuring the kill was not lost. The breed did well in Europe and gained a great following in France, which is credited as its country of origin. However, it did not gain popularity in North America, where its slower speed didn’t suit the wide open regions frequented by hunters. This dog is equally suited to retrieving on land or in water.

History A descendant of one of many “small white dogs” of Bichon type, the Havanese was developed on the island of Cuba. The hot climate and customs of the region produced a smaller breed with a unique silken coat, which people called the Blanquito de la Habana or the Havanese Silk Dog. The breed’s silken hairs insulated the dogs, protecting them from the heat and sun. The breed caught the eye of Europeans in the mid-1700s. Queen Victoria, a great fancier of unusual dogs, was said to have owned two Havanese. Charles Dickens also owned a Havanese named Tim. In Cuba, the breed went from being a favourite of the sugar barons to a popular family dog among the bourgeois. The Cuban revolution might have spelled the end of the breed, except for a handful of dogs that escaped with refugees to the United States. American breeders purchased the dogs to keep the breed from dying out. These 11 dogs became the founders of the Havanese breed as we now know it.

Personality The cheerful, loving Havanese is an easy breed to fall in love with. He is outgoing and friendly, though alert and willing to warn his people of danger. He is a Velcro dog who needs to be with his people Appearance 7-8” (18-20 cm) at all times. A natural showoff, the Havanese 7-13 lb (3-6 kg) loves to play and wants to be the center of Rough: wiry, hard dense coat. Beard and Personality A lover of the outdoors, the attention. Training is easy and the Havanese moustache. Smooth: short, straight glossy Wire Haired Pointing Griffon is an active loves to learn new tricks. coat. Black, red, reddish-brown, or black dog who thrives on long walks in any kind Appearance 8.5-11.5” (21-29 cm) of weather. Indoors he is relaxed and happy with reddish-brown markings. 7-14 lb (3-6.5 kg) to spend time with his family. His stable Long, silken, flat, wavy or curly outercoat. Quick Facts disposition makes him a good playmate for Wooly underdeveloped undercoat. All colours. Exercise Requirements children. Respectful and responsive, the Grooming Wire Haired Pointing Griffon is easy to train. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Appearance 19-24” (49-61 cm) AB Grooming 50-60 lb (23-27 kg) Manitoba Brussels Griffons, Maggie Blackman. CALGARY’S home of the Brussels Griffon. “Take the Rough with the Smooth” Over 25+ years in this wonderful people friendly loving breed. Pets and show prospects, all colours... Many Champions in Europe/Canada/USA. Manitoba Registered. (403) 271-9751; (403) 589-8956; brusselsgriffon@shaw.ca; www. griffsandchins.com



Medium-length, straight coarse outercoat. Fine, thick downy undercoat. Moustache. Steel grey with liver patches, liver roan, liver, liver and white, orange and white. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Havanese Fanciers of Canada. Cuddly longhaired lap-sized charmers with endearing sunny dispositions. Learn more about this special breed at the Havanese Fanciers of Canada website, home of the CKC-recognized national breed club. Breeder contacts, breed information, puppy buying tips, rescue, heartwarming stories, outstanding breed

Seantiago Havanese Reg’d, Gail Dame. CKC registered breeders of quality companion Havanese. Our puppies are bred for health and temperament, are kitchen raised, well socialized and receive first set of shots. Full vet health check-up and registered with the CKC. Our adults are annually health tested and certified. Located on beautiful Vancouver Island. (250) 984-1310; seantiago@telus.net; www.seantiagohavanese.com ON Bonnieview Reg’d, Lorraine Gravelle-Bain. Mount Forest, ON. Also a breeder of Golden Retrievers, Goldendoodles and Aussiedoodles. See website for available puppies. (519) 3236071; dlbain@bonnieviewkennels.ca; www. bonnieviewkennels.ca

Sonrisas Reg’d, Rita Thomas. At Sonrisas Havanese, health is our priority. Our goal is to produce healthy, athletic puppies that are temperamentally suited for loving pets as well as performance sports. All our dogs are CKC conformation champions as well as titled in agility and rally both in Canada and the US. (905) 372-4183; rita@sonrisahavaneses.ca; www. sonrisashavanese.ca (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) Talemaker Havanese, Darlah and Nathan Potechin. Member of Havanese Fanciers Club of Canada (www.havanesefanciers.com). Toronto, ON. darlah@potechin.com; nathan@potechin. com; www.talemakerhavanese.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.) SK Jomarans Reg’d, Beth Dalman & Cathy Enns. JOMARANS Havanese (since 1990) and Cotons (since 1996). Adorable show and pet quality puppies, and occassionally adults. Our well-socialized puppies are GUARANTEED, registered, micro-shipped, vet checked and vaccinated prior to careful placement in their new homes. Lifetime return policy. Email jomarans@sasktel.net for photos, references and application. (306) 716-1047; www. jomarans.com.

Kapatria Havaneses Reg’d. Is a small in home kennel dedicated to producing puppies according to breed standard. Health and personality are a priority. Pups for family pets or show. We will be introducing our Chocolate pups this year! Visit our website for show results and available puppies! (519) 8306836; kapatriahavanese@gmail.com; www. kapatriahavanese.com

Personality Though he may look aloof and aristocratic, the Ibizan Hound, or Beezer, is an affectionate and sensible companion. He is an exceptional jumper, known for clearing up to 6’ in height, and an amazing runner, reaching up to 40 miles an hour. Because he is traditionally a hunter, it is essential to actively socialize him to other pets as he may see them as prey. The Ibizan is an active dog who is happiest if he has a secure area with 8’ high fences where he can safely run and exercise. Appearance 22-29” (56-74 cm) 40-55 lb (18-25 kg) Smooth: strong, hard shiny coat. Rough: wiry, hard dense coat. May have beard and/ or moustache. White or red, either solid or in combination. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Smooth Rough


IBIZAN HOUND Kolur. Affectionate, intelligent, friendly temperament, loyal companion and ideal family pet. Bred by Anders Hansen, Leirubakki. Owned by Jill Fike, Pineridge Icelandics Reg’d. 1049 Hepburn Road, Chase, BC, V0E 1M1.

Everspring Reg’d. Joanna Swayze. Member of the Canadian Kennel Club. Puppies bred for health and temperament. Puppies will be registered with the CKC. Puppies will be dewormed, vet checked, micro-chipped and will have had their first set of shots prior to going to their new homes. Tweed is between Ottawa and Toronto, just north of Belleville. Can deliver your puppy to Ottawa or Toronto. Tweed, ON K0K 2J0 (613) 478-1881; jswayze@sympatico. ca; www.everspringhavanese.com Joyaseda Reg’d, Sigrid Erdmann. World renowned, home raised, health and DNA tested, CKC registered pups for show or pet. (519) 733-0605; joyasedahavanese@hotmail. com; www.havanesebreeder.org

the island of Majorca and promoted the breed throughout the world, where the dogs continue to be successful hunters, coursers, show dogs and companions.

Iceland Sheepdog

BC MistyTrails Havanese Reg’d, Bev & Emily Dorma. CKC Premium Registered Vet referred Breeders - Outstanding top quality kitchen raised puppies. World Champion + Pure Cuban bloodlines. Westminster Winner, Multi Best-in-Show + Multi Top Havanese in the country for several years. Bred for health, temperament, structure, and longevity. All dogs are ANNUALLY health-tested, with results posted ONLINE + Vet files are open. Show, Pet-Companion, Agility, Therapy puppies occasionally available. Experience on your side. Bev, MistyTrails Havanese of Box 343, Cobble Hill, BC V0R 1L0. (250) 743-5370; (250) 709-1805 cell mistytrails@uniserve.com; www.mistytrails. ca; http://www.wix.com/mistytrails/pups (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

Matalsha Companions, Darlene Eckhardt. Exceptional quality home raised puppies. Health and temperament are our priorites. Our adorable affectionate companions are lovingly raised, CKC registered and have a health guarantee. Holstein, ON N0G 2A0. (519) 334-3923; matalsha@hotmail.com; www. matalshacompanions.com

History Brought to Ibiza (a Balearic Island off the coast of Spain) by Phoenician traders, the Ibizan Hound has a remarkable resemblance to the Egyptian god, Anubis, and the Egyptian Pharaoh Hound. A hunter of rabbits and other small game, the Ibizan helped supplement the food supplies of islanders for over 5,000 years. Thanks to their great speed and hunting ability, Ibizans brought to Europe became favourites among poachers, and the breed was eventually banned in France. By the 20th century, the Ibizan Hound was considered a native Spanish breed. The Marquesa de Belgida of Barcelona kept a large kennel of Ibizans on

History Brought to Iceland with the Vikings in 880 CE, the Iceland Sheepdog is a hardy breed greatly influenced by the harsh environment it developed in. Prized for its ability to herd and guard sheep in the hostile terrain of Iceland, the breed is known for its ability to scent lost sheep, even when buried in over a foot of snow. The Iceland Sheepdog gained some popularity in England during the Middle Ages, but because of import and export restrictions, it has remained a very pure breed. Though decimated over the centuries because of famine, a distemper epidemic, and disfavour, the breed avoided extinction thanks in part to Mark Watson, an Englishman who lived in California. From 1930 to 1970, he exported several of these dogs and worked to rebuild the decimated breed. In 1969, the Icelandic Kennel Iceland Sheepdog continued on page 134.




publications, newsletter, Havanese happenings and more. www.havanesefanciers.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

Personality The Iceland Sheepdog is an alert and active dog. He’s also vocal, with a unique herding style that involves barking to alert the shepherd to his location. He is playful and friendly, and adores children. As a working breed, he requires lots of exercise to keep him happy, and enjoys learning new things. History One of the oldest breeds of terrier, the Irish Terrier originated in County Cork, Appearance 16-18” (40-46 cm) Ireland. Kept by peasants to keep rats at bay, 20-30 lb (9-13.5 kg) Shorthaired: medium-length, straight or the Irish Terrier doubled as a soft-mouthed wavy, weatherproof outercoat with thick soft retriever who helped bring food to the undercoat. Neck ruff. Longhaired: longer- dinner table. For practical reasons, the Irish length, straight or wavy, weatherproof Terrier came in a wide variety of types and outercoat with thick soft undercoat. sizes, so when it was first introduced to the Neck ruff. Tan shades, chocolate, dog show world in 1875, it was clear a breed brown, grey, black. White markings. standard needed to be defined. This was Tan and grey dogs have black mask. accomplished by 1900, after much discussion and effort, and the large red Irish Terrier Quick Facts became the accepted norm. The breed spread to North America in the late 19th Exercise Requirements century and remains a useful and versatile Grooming Shorthaired breed with a distinct look and temperament. Longhaired BC Pineridge Reg’d, Jill Fike. Family raised puppies for 20 years, bred for unique breed characteristics. Show, working, breeding and family pets. Health guarantee. 1049 Hepburn Road, Chase, BC V0E 1M1. (250) 679-3540; www.pineridgeicelandics.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement on page 133.)

Personality Nicknamed the “daredevil” of the canine world, the plucky Irish Terrier is a courageous and charming dog with a heart of gold. He is attached to his family, loyal and affectionate, devoted and full of pizzazz. He is always “up” and can be a bit distracted at times. He needs lots of opportunities to get out and play, and consistent training.


Appearance 18-19” (45-48 cm) 25-27 lb (11.5-12 kg)

- See Setter (Irish)






Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Club was founded to watch over the breed and promote its place in Iceland’s history.


Photo: Windeire Reg’d

Iceland Sheepdog


History Ireland’s history would not be complete without the giant sighthounds now known as the country’s national dog. Likely descended from the giant roughcoated Greyhounds of pre-Christian times, known as the Cu, the Irish Wolfhound could only be owned by nobility. Legends of Irish Wolfhounds abound, including Ailbhe, who defended the entire populace of the King of Leinster, and Gelert, who saved his master’s son from a wolf yet paid for it with his life. Originally used as dogs of war, guardians, and hunters of boar, stags and elk, Wolfhounds became specialists in hunting wolves in the 15th and 16th centuries. At that time, wolves were such a problem that it was illegal to export Irish Wolfhounds from the United Kingdom. By the late 1700s, the wolf was extinct and Irish Wolfhounds no longer needed. During the Great Irish Famine of 1845, there was no food to spare for dogs, and the Irish Wolfhound nearly disappeared. In 1859, Captain George Augustus Graham made the breed’s restoration his life’s work.

Personality Truly a gentle giant, the Irish Wolfhound is an even-tempered, intelligent and affectionate dog. He loves his family, Wiry, stiff dense outercoat. Softer undercoat. and despite his large size is completely May have slight beard. Bright red, golden trustworthy with children and friendly with other animals. Slow to mature, the red or red wheaten. Wolfhound remains a puppy until two years Quick Facts of age, growing rapidly throughout this Exercise Requirements period. Being a sighthound, a Wolfhound Grooming may give chase if he sees something interesting, and should always be kept in ON a fenced yard. While enjoying a good run, Windeire Reg’d, Ian MacDonald. Canadian, these dogs are happy to lounge around the American champion bloodlines. Sound home- house when they’re done. raised puppies occasionally. Bred for health, temperament and show. Excellent companion dog for family with a fenced yard. Sold with contract. Experienced breeder since 1991. Visitors welcome by appointment only. RR1 Ilderton ON N0M2A0, (519) 666-0195, www. windeire.ca, imacd@uwo.ca.

IRISH WATER SPANIEL - See Spaniel (Irish Water)

Appearance Females min. 28” (71 cm); min. 90 lb (41 kg) Males min. 32” (79 cm); min.120 lb (55 kg) Rough hard outercoat. Longer and more wiry around beard and eyes. Grey, brindle, red, black, white, wheaten, fawn, or any other colour acceptable in Deerhounds. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


Japanese Chin

Club on a MANDATORY SPAY/NEUTER CONTRACT. Visits to come to our home to see our puppies and meet our dogs are always welcome, by appointment. Box 853, South River, ON P0A 1X0. (705) 386-7378; igsandcresteds@gmail.com Riverport Reg’d, Demetrius & Corinna Yannoulopoulos. Breeding and showing since 1980. Home to two of Canada’s top winning show Italian Greyhounds. Puppies available occasionally to approved homes by reservation only. For more information and details on upcoming litters visit our website at www.pickofthelitter.org. (613) 838-3674; demcor@sympatico.ca

Blue Iggy. This small, affectionate companion is hypoallergenic with a bright, kind spirit. RegalHounds.com, Regal Hounds. Leduc, AB

History The Italian Greyhound’s origins do not begin in or even near Italy. The breed actually started out in Egypt, where a toysized hound was produced by breeding small Greyhounds to one another. Early Romans fell in love with the breed and brought the dogs back to Rome, where they quickly became attached to high-ranking officials. The Italian Greyhound earned its name as a companion dog in the 16th century, and it spread throughout Europe as the lapdog of royals such as Mary, Queen of Scots, Anne of Denmark, and Queen Victoria.

SK Decho Reg’d, Don Schaffer. Selectively breeding for quality, type, soundness and temperament. Champion line bred bloodlines. Lovingly home-raised show and companion puppies occasionally. Temperament and health guarantee. 2702 Reynolds St, Regina, SK S4N 3P4. (306) 537-1017; decho@myaccess.ca


In Victorian times, breeders attempted to further reduce the size of the already tiny dog, but this led to a weakening of the gene pool and unhealthy dogs. The First and Second World Wars further reduced the breed’s numbers. Fortunately, a strong population of Italian Greyhounds remained in North History Terriers were a popular fox hunting America, where the true breed type, size and breed in England during the 1800s. The bloodlines were maintained. Parson John “Jack” Russell developed a Personality Curious and gentle, the particular strain of terrier that he determined Italian Greyhound is affectionate and was the ideal type of fox hunting dog. This bonds strongly to his family. Because of dog was predominately white and possessed his small size and tiny structure, the Italian qualities of intelligence, stable temperament, Greyhound is a delicate companion who and quick, determined instincts. Parson Jack does not suit homes with boisterous children bred a dog that could chase a fox and rush and aggressive dogs. He actually loves to it from its den without being too aggressive and ruining the hunt. For many years, several socialize with his own kind. Terriers were grouped together as Jack Russell Appearance 12.5-15” (32-38 cm) Terriers, but in 1904 a group of Terrier fancies 8-10 lb (3.5-4.5 kg) set the breed standard for recognizing the Short, fine glossy coat. All shades of black, Jack Russell as a unique and distinct breed. grey, fawn, cream, blue, red, chocolate, Personality Feisty, fearless, and enthusiastic, bronze, blue-fawn, red-fawn and white. the Jack Russell is up for any challenge.

History Once a popular addition to Chinese and Japanese royal courts, the Japanese Chin is known for its enduring role as a lapdog, dating back as far as the 6th century. There is much debate regarding the origin of its name, which stems from either its native land or its primary behavioural traits – “Chin” has been said to mean “from China”, “cat-like”, or “separate being”, as the breed was thought to be of higher value than a typical dog. Upon its arrival in America in the late 1800s, the unusual exotic breed was first recognized as a Japanese Spaniel due to its similarity to the American breed. In 1977, the name was officially changed to honour the breed’s heritage, and it has since been acknowledged as one of the best companion dogs in North America. Personality Known for its energetic yet wellmannered behaviour, the Japanese Chin is an agile breed with cat-like tendencies. They enjoy jumping and climbing, but adapt well to any indoor environment, including small apartments, and require little exercise. An intelligent breed, the Chin is very loyal, gentle and kind, and thrives around people, children included, as long as they’re not rough. Chins can grow quite attached so avoid separation anxiety by using positive training methods and ensuring they receive adequate love and attention. Appearance 8-12” (20-30 cm) 7-9 lb (1.8-4.1 kg)

Large, wide head; round, wide-set eyes; and a rather flat face. Small v-shaped ears, and a plumed tail that curls over the back. Thick Positive training and maintaining even- but feathery coat that rarely mats, ranging Quick Facts paced activities is important for this high- from black and white to sable and white, or a Exercise Requirements energy dog. He makes a great companion tri-coloured coat of the same colours. Grooming for someone with an active lifestyle. The Quick Facts Jack Russell loves to explore, play, and chase. Exercise Requirements AB Regal Hounds. This small, affectionate Luckily, their small size means they are easy Grooming companion is hypoallergenic with a bright, kind to bring along on outings and trips. spirit. Bred/Owned by Regal Hounds. Leduc Appearance 10-12” (25-30 cm) ON County, AB (780) 986-6877 (See our Breed 11-13 lb (5-6 kg) Judawn Reg’d, Judy Van Dusen. Home raised Ambassador advertisment above).

Predominately white with black and/or tan markings; also all white. Three types of coat: ON LADYDAY Reg’d. Breeding for quality, smooth, rough, broken. Dense, doublenot quantity, we occasionally have health coats. Almond-shaped eyes. guaranteed purebred Italian Greyhound Quick Facts puppies from Champion bloodlines that Exercise Requirements are registered with the Canadian Kennel Grooming

CKC reg’d. puppies from Champion bloodlines. Micro chip, Vet. Check, Health guarantee. We breed quality not quantity. 1113 Monteagle Lane, Pickering, ON L1V 3M7 (905) 831-8885; judawn@rogers.com





History Named for his ability to hunt and provide protection from bears, the Karelian Bear Dog is bold enough to go after large game such as elk, moose and wolves, and tough enough to withstand the harsh northern climates from whence he came. Thought to be descended from northern Spitz breeds, the Karelian Bear Dog thrived for generations in Karelia, a region presently encompassed by Finland and Russia, where isolation kept its genes pure. The arrival of World War II almost destroyed the breed, but fortunately, a group of Finn and Russian supporters took steps to bring it back. The Finnish Kennel Club recognized the Karelian Bear Dog in 1946, and today it’s one of their most popular breeds.

BPIS GCH BeauKees EspressoShotCinnakees CHOF. Bred by Chantalle Carroll, BeauKees Keeshonden Reg’d. Alberta, Canada www.beaukees.com

History The Keeshond is an ancient, Spitztype breed originating in the Netherlands. The Kees or Spitz “honds”, as they were known, were common watchdogs that cared for the wagons, carts and barges used to transport goods. In 1781, Holland was divided into two political factions: the Orangists and the rebellious Dutch Patriots, who adopted the Keeshond as their emblem. When the rebels were defeated, people were afraid to be seen with this trademark symbol of the rebellion, and many Keeshonds were discarded.

Farmers and barge owners quietly retained these useful dogs, however, and Personality Courageous and athletic, continued to breed them. When Baroness the Karelian Bear Dog’s connection with van Hardenbroek took interest in the his “person” is affectionate and unfailing, Keeshond in 1920, she was amazed to find and for this reason he is beloved by many the farmers and bargemen had kept the hunters. The dog’s affection does not extend breed type intact. Soon the Keeshond was recognized throughout Holland, and by to other pets. Intelligent, independent and the 1930s it made its way into Europe and possessing acute instincts, the Karelian Bear North America. Dog needs exercise and space that an urban environment cannot offer. He respects a fair, Personality Sometimes called the “laughing intuitive relationship with those confident Dutchman”, the Keeshond is an outgoing family-friendly dog. He thrives on affection with, his breed. and loves to be a part of family life. A vocal Appearance 19-23.5” (48-60 cm) watchdog, he is playful and learns quickly 37.5-61.5 lb (17-28 kg) as long as there is sufficient motivation Distinct white markings on thick, black to learn. Cuddly and full of cheer, the Keeshond is excellent with children, and outer coat. Soft insulating undercoat. dedicated to his family. Quick Facts Appearance 17-18” (43-46 cm) Exercise Requirements 55-66 lb (25-30 kg) Grooming Long, straight harsh outercoat. Thick downy undercoat. Neck ruff. Mixture of black, grey and cream.





Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Admiraal Keeshonden Reg’d, Shannon de Bruin, BSc Ag BEd. Keeshond enthusiast for over 40 years. We are very proud of our internationally recognized, world class, Keeshonden. Our focus is healthy, happy, loving dogs that bring as much joy and pride to their home as they do to us. We are located in Alberta Canada and Texas, USA. (780) 2987747; shannondebruin@hotmail.com; http:// admiraalkees.tripod.com

BeauKees Keeshonden Reg’d, Chantalle Carroll & Dan Gallant. Quality, intelligent, homeraised puppies. Parents passed recommended health clearances. Puppies are Canadian Kennel Club registered, microchipped, vet checked, dewormed and vaccinated prior to careful placement in their “forever” homes. All inquiries welcomed. Stud service available to approved bitches. Members of the Keeshond Club of Canada and Keeshond Club of America. (780) 566-8520; beaukees@gmail. com; www.beaukees@gmail.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.) BC Keesrich Perm Reg’d, Gail Riches & Michelle Beaton. Dedicated to breeding to the standard. Emphasis on temperament, soundness and type. Puppies lovingly home raised from champion bloodlines. (604) 476-1110; griches@shaw.ca


Photo: Alice Van Kempen

KEESHOND Photo: Viking Hunter Kennels

Karelian Bear Dog


History When Spanish ships went down off the Irish coast in 1588, the dark spaniel survivors likely made it to shore and bred with local terriers. These are the probable forebears of the Kerry Blue Terrier, although there may be other bloodlines, including the “Russian blue dog”, who surfaced after a shipwreck off Tralee Bay in the late 1770s. Some even suggest the Kerry Blue originated when locals crossed terriers with Irish Wolfhounds to produce a large strong hunter. Whatever his bloodlines, the hardy Kerry Blue Terrier became the perfect working dog of County Kerry people and was indispensible as a ratter, herder, hunter, fighter and guarder. The Kerry Blue Terrier’s popularity grew in the mid-1920s when he became the mascot of the Irish Patriots in their struggle for independence from Britain. He was initially a shaggy beast with an unkempt coat, but the dog show world popularized the sculpted, elegantly cut coat. Personality A compact and sturdy dog, the Kerry Blue Terrier is a rough-and-tumble playful fellow who loves to interact with his people. His intelligent and confident nature benefits from socialization and training. He is great with children and an effective guardian, watching over his charges and alerting the family to potential dangers. Appearance 18-19” (46-48 cm) 33-40 lb (15-18 kg)

KOMONDOR Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming



Wavy, soft dense coat. Any shade of blue-grey KLEINER MÜSTERLÄNDER or grey-blue. May have small white markings. - See Rare Breeds May have black points.


History The King Charles Spaniel has the benefit of a steady, sociable spaniel-type temperament in a compact size. Small dogs of the King Charles type were recorded in the court life of 15th century Europe. Back then, toy breeds were essentially hunting/ setting dogs in miniature. It wasn’t until the 1800s that a more distinct look became desirable in a dog, and a small canine with a more rounded head, prominent eyes and shortened muzzle became the fashion. These charming little “comforters” would curl up in a lap, or warm one’s hands and feet. England’s King Charles II became so enamoured with his spaniels that he was accused of ignoring matters of state. The breed took on the king’s name, except in North America, where it is called the English Toy Spaniel.

History This ancient breed of dog is a descendant of the Ovtcharkas, which made the trip with the Magyars over a thousand years ago. Commonly known as the Kom, this dog was an expert at guarding flocks, as his corded coat could withstand the harsh elements as well as bites from predators. The Kom was bred to think for itself, and little training was required to teach him how to determine what and who was a threat to the flock. As a working dog, the Kom is often matted and shaggy, and looks much like the sheep he guards. After Koms came to the U.S. in the 1930s, people took an interest in grooming and showing the breed. The groomed coat takes the form of long, white cords that give the Kom a look that is very distinct from most other dogs.

History For thousands of years, nomadic Magyar tribes brought guard dogs with them as they moved into the land now known as Hungary. Likely descended from the ancient Tibetan Mastiff, the Kuvasz is believed to have guarded herds of horses. In addition to guarding, these brave and loyal dogs ran alongside warriors as they went into battle, and took down dangerous prey such as wild boar. Settlers in Hungary favoured the Kuvasz for guarding sheep in the wetter mountainous regions. In North America, the breed gained popularity in the 1920s as a patrol dog and guardian of livestock out west. Kuvasz numbers in Europe were decimated during World War II. After the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, fresh interest arose in the national breed, and dedicated breeders worked to bring it back from near extinction.

Personality Intensely loyal and dedicated to his family, the Kuvasz remains a Personality Tough, serious and loyal, the guardian breed. He is wary of strangers, Komondor is an excellent guard dog, and and will protect his family should he feel looking after his family makes him feel it’s threatened. Careful socialization is important. He is affectionate with family essential. Like most working dogs, he is members, including children, and responds happiest when he has a job. very well to positive training and praise. As Appearance 26-30” (66-76 cm) 66-137 lb (30-62 kg) an unusually intelligent dog, the Komondor Confusion exists between the King Charles can quickly determine whether someone’s Medium-coarse, wavy or straight Spaniel and the Cavalier King Charles intentions are good or bad, so positivity outercoat. Fine wooly outercoat. Neck Spaniel, and some distinction here may be within his household is a must. Strong, ruff. White or ivory. helpful. Apart from having the same coat colours, the King Charles Spaniel/English large, and muscular, the Komondor makes Quick Facts Toy Spaniel is a smaller dog, with a domed a great companion for long walks and hikes, Exercise Requirements and enjoys many athletic activities. head, an undershot jaw, and fused pads. Grooming Personality Joyful, enthusiastic and Appearance 23.5-31.5” (59.5-80 cm) LABRADOR RETRIEVER 80-134.5 lb (36.5-61 kg) sociable, the King Charles Spaniel adores his people. He is quiet and naturally well- Long, coarse and curly outer coat that is -See Retriever (Labrador) behaved, apart from some willfulness when groomed into cords, with a wooly, soft, and it comes to house-training. As much as he dense undercoat. Colour is white. loves being around people, he may be shy with strangers. Extending respect and Quick Facts Exercise Requirements kindness will draw him out. Grooming Appearance 10” (25.5 cm) 8-14 lb (3.5-6.5 kg)

Fine, silky, feathered coat. Colour names reflect the breed’s regal history: black and tan (King Charles), tri-colour (Prince Charles), red and white (Blenheim), solid red (ruby) Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

BC Delwyn Komondor exclusively since 1973. Johanna Koudstaal. (604) 857-4120; jwk3koms@ hotmail.com

Very minimal Minimal

Average More than average Maximum





this ancient, rare, non-shedding waterdog breed in Canada - Lagotto Romagnolo. Registered, Vet Health Certified, Champion JE clear, LSD Clear, OFA GD Hip lineage, Canadas #1 Premium Working Lagotto for Service, Show, Breeding, or Pet. Lagotto make excellent Family Companions. Parksville, BC. (250) 586-5133; lagottocanda@ shaw.ca; www.ducketttruffieres.com/; www. lagottoromagnoloofcanada.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

LAKELAND TERRIER DCKLAGOTTO KELSEY #1 Premium of Canadas Working Lagotto. Duckett Family is proud to lead the revival of this ancient rare Breed in Canada with conformation and good health. Lagotto Romagnolo of Canada LRC (Duckett Truffieres)

History The Lagotto Romagnolo’s documented history dates back to 16th century Italy, where these water dogs were used for hunting waterfowl in the marshes and wetlands of the Romagna region, which is present day Emilia-Romagna in Italy. Their excellent sense of smell also earned the Lagottos the task of sniffing out truffles, a culinary delicacy in Italian cuisine. The Lagotto Romagnolo existed amongst mixed breeds for centuries, until a group of breeders and fanciers got together in the 1980s to establish the dogs as an official breed. The Italians still depend on the Lagotto to hunt truffles, but here in North America, he’s known as a good family companion.


History The Lakeland Terrier gets his name from the lake districts of northern England, where the breed originated. These darkcoloured terriers were categorized as a member of the Fell Terriers, and the English used them to hunt foxes. Unlike the Fox Terriers, these dogs would go to ground and face down the foxes, which required high stamina and perseverance. The Lakeland Personality The Lagotto is known for his Terrier was also a popular farm dog, since he gentle manner, affectionate personality and would keep the farm free of vermin and yet will to please. He lives life as if everyone is his remain loyal to the flocks and other farm best friend, and makes a good companion animals. Today, this breed is used less as a for children and other animals. Training hunting dog and more as family or show dog. is a pleasure since he loves to please and Personality Loyal, protective, and listens well. His intelligence and keen intelligent, the Lakeland Terrier is a nose make him a good retriever, too. The devoted family companion and a good Lagotto is happiest in the great outdoors, watchdog. With his playful and inquisitive where he can explore, dig, and play with nature, he is both amusing and fun to train. the family and other dogs. He is also fond of The Lakeland Terrier thrives with positive, swimming and excels at competitive sports. encouraging, and diverse training methods, His high energy and stamina is balanced by so that he does not become bored. While a mellow and easy-going nature. his hunting instincts can occasionally make him a little territorial with food and toys, Appearance 16-19” (41-48 cm) this is easily directed with puppy training. 24-35.5 lb (11-16 kg) Friendly and affectionate with children, the Double coat is waterproof. Outercoat is dense, curly, and woolly. Variety of colours, Lakeland loves to socialize. He will happily including white and brown, white and get his exercise from long strolls and trips to orange, off-white, brown. Sometimes has a the park with his family.


ON McKinlay, Scott & Pam, Kinlayke, Reg’d. We have been breeding and showing quality Lakeland Terriers since 1980. Our family home raised, personality-plus puppies make wonderful companions for those who love and appreciate the terrier spirit. We breed to combine top bloodlines for great health, conformation, and temperament. Non-shedding. Puppies and adults available occasionally. 12297 Talbot Trail (Morpeth), PO Box 1111, Ridgetown, ON N0P 2C0. (519) 359-8325; kinlayke@gmail.com

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Lagotto Romagnolo


GCH CR Ultimate Encore CGN. Producing quality Leonbergers for loving family members as well as the show ring. Bred/Owned by Cindy Hunt, Concorde Ridge Perm. Reg’d.

History Following his dream to produce a large leonine dog to help promote his business and hometown of Leonberg, Heinrich Essig decided to cross a Landseer Newfoundland with a Saint Bernard. The resulting dog was then crossed back to a Great Pyrenees, and likely had a bit of German or Austrian scent hound and Greater Swiss Mountain Dog mixed in. The result: a giant that could be used as an all-purpose farm and family dog, with a natural love of water. Essig was a good businessman and succeeded in bringing the Leonberger into many royal homes, including those of the Prince of Wales (later Edward VII), King Uberto of Italy, Napoleon the III, and Empress Elizabeth of Austria. Like many giant dogs, the Leonberger suffered during the First and Second World Wars, when food shortages forced breeders and owners to abandon them. After the war, it took over 25 years of dedicated work to bring the breed back to a stable population.

Personality Huge and cuddly, the Leonberger is the supreme canine teddy bear. He is even-tempered and adores children, though his giant size can be intimidating. As a puppy he is playful and energetic, but he calms down as he matures. brown mask. Appearance 13.5-14.5” (34.5-37 cm) Because of his size, it is important to train 15-17.5 lb (7-8 kg) Quick Facts and socialize him at a young age. The Exercise Requirements Hard, wiry outercoat that stands up to the Leonberger is a family-oriented dog who Grooming elements. Soft, short undercoat. Variety of wants to be with his people at all times. colours, including blue, black, wheaten, red, Appearance 25-32” (65-80 cm) BC black and tan, blue and tan, and grizzle. Fur 80-150 lb (36-68 kg) LAGOTTO ROMAGNOLO OF CANADA slightly longer around muzzle. Long, slightly coarse, close-fitting waterLRC at Duckett Truffieres. Ducketts’ Breed Quick Facts resistant outercoat. Thick soft undercoat. Standard #1 Conforming Lagotto registered Feathering. Mane. Lion yellow, golden Exercise Requirements DCKLAGOTTO under the Canadian Kennel to red-brown, sand and all combinations Grooming Club. Ducketts continue to lead in the revival of between. Black mask. 136 CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2019

have imported top bloodlines from Europe and Russia in order to ensure health, temperament and conformation. We take pride in our home raised, whole food fed dogs and puppies. Our “puppy process” is comprehensive and supportive of our extended CR Leo family members! (905) 516-1739; cindyhunt4@hotmail.com; www.concordridge.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.)

Appearance 10-11.5” (25-29 cm) 13-18 lb (6-8 kg)

and combinations acceptable.

Quick Facts Long, straight, heavy hard outercoat. Exercise Requirements Undercoat. All colours or combinations Grooming acceptable.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Disguise Reg’d, Tanya McCarthy. Pre-spoiled Grooming and pre-loved beautiful leonbergers, raised in our home as part of our family. Breeding only from quality, championed, health tested parents with an emphasis on temperament, health, conformation and European bloodlines. Reservations recommended. Members of the LCO, LCC, LCA actively participating in the conformation, draft and obedience rings. Wellandport, ON, L0R 2J0. (905) 920-3987; longears@yahoo.ca; www. disguisedachshundleonberger.com


it made its way to North America, where it has playful and responsive, an intelligent remained popular ever since. dog who is happy to please his owner. He responds well to positive training and enjoys Personality Distinguished and self-possessed, dog sports like agility. Good with children the Lhasa Apso is certain he is special and and other pets, the Löwchen easily fits in ON deserving of respect. He has an uncanny sense Concorde Ridge Leonbergers, Cindy Hunt. CR of friend and foe, and will vocally announce well with most families. Leos is a permanently registered CKC kennel his concern if someone bothers him. Friendly Appearance 10-13” (25-33 cm) that produces quality Leonbergers for loving with his family, the Lhasa can become 8-15 lb (3-6 kg) family members as well as the show ring. We territorial if not socialized. Long, moderately soft wavy coat. All colours Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

The Lhasa Apso Club of Ontario. Breeders and breed lovers of registered, well-reared Lhasa Apsos. The only Ontario based Lhasa Breeders organization affiliated with, and adhering to the Canadian Kennel Club standards for breeding and code of ethics. Referrals for available puppies and, occasionally, adults. (613) 3955324; don.quan@sympatico.ca

Lowchen Club of Canada. The Lowchen Club of Canada is dedicated to preserving this amazing rare breed and educating people about them. Our informative website features photos and updates on special events like our 2019 Specialty Show. Check out these little “lion dogs” ...you’ll probably fall in love with them too! www.lowchenclubofcanada.com



The lion represents the power of Buddha, and the Lhasa Apso’s leonine appearance caused people to believe they were harbingers of good luck. Visiting dignitaries were often gifted with male Lhasa Apsos; females were kept in Tibet to prevent the breed from spreading to other areas. Some of these gifted Lhasa were taken to Chinese courts where they were integrated into the bloodlines of Chinese dogs such as the Pekingese and Shih Tzu. In the 1920s, the Dalai Lama gave several Lhasa Apsos to European friends, and from there

History The Maltese is believed to be the oldest European Toy breed. Whether the name comes from the Island of Malta, or the Sicilian town of Melita, the breed was widespread in the Mediterranean from ancient times, appearing on art objects as early as 3,000 years ago. The breed may have arrived in Britain with the Roman invaders, or with the returning Crusaders. Many famous Royals owned Maltese, including Queen Elizabeth I and Mary Queen of Scots.

History The Löwchen is an ancient breed, most likely a member of the Bichon family, and possibly descended from Tibetan toy breeds. In the 1500s, the Löwchen was well established in France, Germany and Spain, where it was a court favourite, used by ladies as “hot water bottles” to keep them warm on cold nights. Numerous art pieces depicting tiny dogs clipped in the characteristic “lion” When Maltese were introduced to the dog trim document the breed’s favour through to show world in the mid-1800s, a debate arose the 18th century. over the correct classification of the breed. By the 20th century, the Löwchen had Was he a terrier, due to his lively personality, fallen out of favour and the breed nearly or did his body type and coat make him a disappeared. In 1945, Madame M. Bennert spaniel? Eventually, breeders concluded the of Brussels began to revive the breed. This Maltese was in a class of his own. work continued after her death thanks to Dr. Richert of Germany. But the Löwchen’s Personality Spirited, mischievous and growth was still so slow that in 1959 it was undeniably adorable, the Maltese has listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as a personality as big as he is small. He the rarest breed in the world, with only 40 loves to play and thrives on attention. recorded dogs alive. Today, the Löwchen is Happy to play with children, as long as they are not too rough, the Maltese recognized worldwide. delights in learning new tricks and Personality Though small, the Löwchen is Maltese continued on page 140. a commanding presence in the home. He is




History Descended from ancient Tibetan Spaniels and Terriers, the Lhasa Apso was a favorite of both monk and nobility. Kept indoors, the Lhasa would bark to alert people of potential intruders, while the Tibetan Mastiffs tied outdoors were responsible for active guard duty.

Photo: Chenoka Reg’d

Photo: Lhasa Apso Club of Ontario


Appearance 7.5-10” (19-25 cm) 6-9 lb (2.5-4 kg) Long, flat silky coat. Pure white. Light tan or lemon markings permissible. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Carboncopy Perm. Reg’d, Kathy Slifka. 20 Minutes South of Calgary. Over 30 years experience breeding toy dogs. All dogs raised in our home. Box 764, Black Diamond, AB T0L 0H0. (403) 938-0990; slifka@telusplanet.net; www.carboncopymaltese.com ON Donant-Mercer Robin, Pieridae Reg’d. Quality, home-raised puppies available occasionally. RR 1, Campbellcroft, ON L0A 1B0. (905) 797-3074; mercerpaps@sympatico.ca; www.mercerpaps. wixsite.com/mysite EverDear Perm Reg’d. We are passionate and dedicated to producing what we call our, Marvellous Maltese, companions that are true to the breed standard. Puppies range in size from very small to regular toys. Each puppy receives the correct veterinarian care with checkups, needles and microchips, and of course they are all lavished with love! Puppies are sired by American Canadian Double Champion. Ask about transportation options. New Liskeard, ON P0J 1P0 (705) 6476394; everdearpermregd@hotmail.com; www. everdearmaltese.wix.com/everdear Fierheller Vicki, Four Halls Perm Reg’d. A small highly respected hobby show kennel with a tradition of quality, not quantity. Puppies from our champions are available occasionally. Inquiries welcome. Ajax/Pickering area. (905) 619-2750; vfierheller@rogers.com

History The ultimate ratter, the Manchester Terrier is descended from the common Black and Tan Terriers of England. He was bred entirely for the blood sport of ratting, in which a terrier would be pitted against 100 rats and timed to see how quickly he could dispatch them. Breeders worked to improve the dog’s performance, first by adding the Bulldog for its tenacity and ability to work through pain, then adding the Whippet, for its speed and agility. The resulting breed was lean, fast, tenacious and an incredible ratter. Two major events greatly affected the breed in the late 1800s: blood sports and ear cropping, which protected the dogs from rat bites, were banned. Fortunately, the dog show world worked to maintain its unique type and namesake colour. Toy and standard sizes are available. Personality Fast, fun, playful and loyal, the Manchester Terrier makes for a spirited companion. Still a ratter at heart, he loves to “kill” small toys, playing vigorously and enjoying games of chase. He is intelligent, and benefits from consistent training. Appearance Standard: 1  5-16” (38-41 cm) 12-22 lb (5.5-10 kg T  oy: 10-12” (25-30 cm) under 12 lb (5.5 kg) Short, smooth glossy coat. Distinct black and tan without dilution.


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming



Photo: Alice Van Kempen

finding ways to entertain and be entertained. Despite his diminutive size, the Maltese is an alert and fearless watchdog.


Photo: Alice Van Kempen



History The father of many modern dog breeds, the Mastiff originated in ancient Babylonia, where he hunted ferocious prey such as lions. The breed likely came to Europe with Phoenician traders in the 6th century BC. By the time the Roman Empire spread to Britain, the Mastiff was well established as a fierce fighting dog who could hunt wolves, bear and anything else he was set upon. The Mastiff lost his popularity in modern times when dog fighting was forbidden and wolves were vanquished in the U.K. During WWII, any remaining Mastiffs were either used in the war effort or put down, as it was deemed unpatriotic to feed their giant appetites when people were starving in the streets. By 1945, only eight breeding animals remained in Britain, where the breed maintained its purest form. Fortunately, a number of Mastiffs had been exported to North America, and breeders imported fresh breeding stock to rejuvenate the breed. Personality Despite his history as a fighting dog, the Mastiff is docile and levelheaded. He is an exceptional watchdog and protector, and his intimidating size is often enough to scare intruders away. He is gentle with children, but can become overprotective of them. Mastiffs get along well with other dogs and family pets as long as they are socialized at an early age. Appearance At least 27-30” (70-76 cm) 175-200 lb (79-91 kg) Moderately short, straight coarse outercoat. Short, dense close-lying undercoat. Fawn, apricot, brindle. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Knighterrant Reg’d, Dave & Joanne Swift. Breeding and showing English Mastiffs since 1987. Huggable guardians from champion bloodlines. Puppies occasionally to approved homes. Sound temperament, health guaranteed. Stud service to approved bitches. Members of the CKC and MCOA. Inquiries welcome. (613) 821-6279; kmastiff@knighterrantmastiffs.com; www. knighterrantmastiffs.com



GCH Nyirsegfia Renegade. “Rebel” was the number 1 Mudi in Canada for 2016 and the first Mudi in Canadian history to earn the title Canadian Kennel Club Grand Champion. Owned by Jeff and Kellie Whiteside, Herdabout Perm. Reg’d

History Records from 18th century Hungary describe a sheepdog with characteristics typical of a Mudi. Its similarity to other herding breeds such as the Puli, however, makes it difficult to pinpoint the Mudi’s exact origin. Dr. Dezsõ Fényes began breeding the Mudi in the mid-1930s, at which point it had already been recognized as a naturally occurring breed – probably a mix of Hungarian herding dogs and various prick eared German herding dogs. The Mudi’s courage was ideal for herding large and difficult livestock, a role he’s still known for today. Personality Holding true to his roots, the Mudi is very observant and alert. Boasting an adaptable character, he’s happy being both indoors and outdoors. The Mudi has shorter hair than traditional sheepdogs, making him an easy keeper in indoor environments. He’s keen to work – especially where mental stimulation is involved – and also excels at agility. Though he is thoughtful, he’s rarely timid, and makes a very sociable companion for adults and children, as well as other dogs. Consistent training and regular exercise is important to his development. Appearance 1  5–19” (38-47 cm) 17–29 lb (8-13 kg)


Ch Tiptop’s Nose No Boundary, Ben. Co-bred and co-owned by Ellen Stomp and Shawn Haas.

History One of the very few dogs indigenous to North America, the Newfoundland’s exact genealogy is the subject of much debate. Some believe the ancient Tibetan Mastiff migrated to North America; others argue that Leif Anderson brought Viking “bear dogs” with him when he arrived in Newfoundland in 1001. Other possible progenitors of the breed are Portuguese Water Dogs and Great Pyrenees brought to Newfoundland on European fishing vessels in the 1600s. Whatever the answer, fishermen prized the huge waterloving dogs known as Greater St. John’s Dogs. Seemingly immune to icy waters, the Newfoundland’s duties included hauling in nets, dragging boat lines to shore, and rescuing overboard sailors. The Newfoundland is famed for his bravery, but despite the breed’s success, it nearly died out because a law passed in 1780 forbade the ownership of more than one dog. The Newfoundland may not have survived if not for the efforts of the Honourable Harold MacPherson.

Personality A giant goofball, the Thick, medium-length coat that ranges from Newfoundland is perhaps the most gentle very wavy to curly. Grey, black, brown, white, of all giant breeds. He adores children, is even-tempered, supremely loyal, yellow or black merle. responsive and willing to be trained. His Quick Facts entire purpose is to serve his people, and Exercise Requirements he’s a truly honest and hardworking dog Grooming that excels in sports such as obedience, water trials, weight pulling, carting and ON Herdabout Perm. Reg’d, Jeff & Kellie backpacking. Whiteside. Home of Canada’s Top Conformation Champion Mudis. Breeding structurally sound, genetically health tested dogs with excellent temperaments. We stand behind our dogs with an extensive health guarantee and lifetime

Appearance Averages 26-28” (66-71 cm) 100-152 lb (45-69 kg) Moderately long, coarse, oily water-resistant outer coat. Soft dense undercoat. Black

or white with black markings (also called Landseer after Sir Edwin Henry Landseer, who featured the dogs in his paintings). Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Prairie Home Newfoundlands Perm. Reg’d, Heidi Ball. Family-raised Newfoundlands. We breed for gentleness and health from quality champion lines. CKC-registered and wellsocialized blacks. Parents are OFA certified (hips/elbows/heart/cystinuria/ patellas and thyroid). Puppies to pre-approved homes only, with ongoing support. This includes vet checked/vaccinations, wormed, microchipped and a well-prepared puppy package. Stud services available. Grooming facility available. Visitors always welcomed! Box 3067, Vermilion, AB T9X 2B1. (306) 946-6630; jhnewfs@sasktel. net; www.prairiehomenewfs.com


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breeder support. Our puppies are home raised in an enriched environment. We put our puppies through an extensive socialization and handling program to ensure a confident, mentally stable and friendly puppy. Mudi puppies are available to select homes for show, performance, and companionship. (705) 429-0833; sheltieland@ rogers.com; www.herdaboutmudi.ca (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

SK Rosethorn Newfoundlands Reg’d, Shawn and Julie Haas. Our home raised puppies represent a unique combination of Canadian and International bloodlines. They excel as family pets and also in the show ring. Our breeding stock is health tested and puppies are sold on a written health guarantee. We have black and occasionally landseer puppies. sdhaas@sasktel. net, www.rosethornnewfoundlands.ca (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.) QC Élevage Noir & Blanc, Rollande Rainville. Chiots élevés en milieu familial. Parents certifiés OFA : hanches, coudes, cœur, cystinuerie, thyroïde, yeux, patellar. Garantie écrite santé et tempérament. Visiteurs bienvenue. Puppies raised in a family environment. Parents are OFA certified : hips, elbow, heart, cystinuria, eyes, patellar. Health and temperament come with a written warranty. Visitors are welcome. Ste-Eulalie, Qc. (819) 225-4096; dist.jmsjoy@ xplornet.com; www.elevagenoiretblanc.com








Photo: Naku Reg’d

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Norfolk Terrier


History Like many terriers, the Norfolk Terrier likely started out as a cross between various breeds such as small Irish Terriers, Cairn Terriers and Border Terriers. They were “ordinary” farm dogs bred to go to ground and take care of vermin, so it took time for the breed to acquire its current name. Some incarnations include Cantabs, Thrumpington Terriers, and Jones Terriers (after Frank “Roughrider” Jones sold some to the U.S. sporting crowd). In 1904, when asked what the dogs were really called, Jones answered “Norwich Terriers”, since that was where they came from.


History Norrbottenspets share ancestry with the Finnish Spitz, originating in the Scandinavian northlands of Sweden, Finland and Lapland. The dogs found in Finland developed into the Finnish Spitz, but those in Sweden were called Norrbottensskollandehund. An excellent hunter, the breed had the unique ability to listen for a bird’s flight, and locate that bird when it landed in the snow. Used as all-round hunting and farm dogs, their breeding was purely functional and little effort was made to maintain these dogs as At the time, there were two intermingled a pure breed. varieties of Norwich Terrier – prick-eared As foreign specialist breeds grew in and fold-eared. Over time, breeders popularity, the Norrbottensskollandehund decided to separate the types. They kept the became less common. Out-crossing diluted name Norwich Terrier for the prick-eared the breed until it was declared extinct in variety, and renamed the fold-eared dogs 1948. However, interested breeders in Norfolk Terriers. The new names were Sweden and Finland made an effort to recognized in 1964. seek good specimens by combing remote Personality Feisty and energetic, the northern villages. Eventually, a breeding Norfolk is one of the smallest terriers. population was cobbled together and the Because he was used to hunt in packs, he’s Norrbottenspets was reinstated around quite social and agreeable. He is a great 1970. Their popularity is growing as traveler and loves to spend lots of time Sweden and Finland work to support their with his family. Socialization is important native breed. but this should be natural for such a Personality Never shy, nervous or sociable guy. aggressive, the Norrbottenspets is a Appearance 9-10” (23-26 cm) friendly and fun-loving companion 11-12 lb (5-5.5 kg) who is great with children. A hunter Straight, wiry close-lying outercoat. at heart, he is happiest when he has Definite undercoat. Mane. Slight whiskers. the opportunity to use his hunting skills, All shades of red, wheaten, black and tan, though he can be taught to enjoy alternate grizzle. Folded ears. sports such as agility. The Norrbottenspets Quick Facts needs lots of exercise, particularly in a Exercise Requirements safely fenced area where he can run and Grooming hunt to his heart’s content. ON Dralion Perm Reg’d, Peter & Linda Dowdle. Quality, healthy, lovingly home-raised puppies from champion bloodlines. Bred for soundness, health and temperament. Occasionally available to approved homes. 474237 County Road 11, Amaranth, ON L9W 0R4. (519) 938-8663; linda@ dralionkennels.com; www.dralionkennels.com



Appearance 16-18” (42-46 cm) 26-33 lb (12-15 kg) Short, hard close-fitting outercoat. Dense undercoat. Ideally white with yellow or red/brown markings, but all colours are permitted. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History An ancient breed that accompanied northern people into Scandanavia, the Norwegian Buhund herded their flocks and safeguarded their homes; in fact, Bu means “homestead” in Norwegian. The dogs conformed to the sturdy Spitz shape, with the characteristic prick ears and curled tail. Although the Buhund was recognized as a distinct type even before the Viking era, the breed was not formally recognized in Norway until 1939. The Norwegian Buhund’s numbers are declining in its native land; however, the breed’s family-friendly qualities are making it more recognizable around the world. Personality The Buhund is a sweet-natured canine who wants to please. Like most herding dogs, he is intelligent, and friendly with children and other dogs. He is alert, but not noisy. The Buhund adapts to country or city, as long as he gets sufficient mental and physical exercise. He has the exceptional habit – some would say virtue! – of cleaning himself like a cat. Appearance 16-18” (40.5-46 cm) 26-40 lb (12-18 kg) Short, harsh outer coat with soft undercoat. Wheaten or black, with white markings acceptable on the black. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

legend Very minimal Minimal Average More than average Maximum



History The national dog of Norway, the Norwegian Elkhound is an ancient breed that hasn’t changed much over the last 5,000 years. A supreme hunter, the Elkhound works to track and quarry his game, holding it at bay until the human hunters arrive to dispatch it. In Norwegian, the breed is called the Elghund, or “Moose” hound. In fact the Elkhound was used to hunt moose and many other large animals including wolves, bear and even mountain lions. He was also an all-round working dog, pulling sleds and guarding homes and flocks. Though just one of many moose and bear dogs at the time, the Norwegian Elkhound came into his own in 1865 when foundation sire Gamle Bamse Gram was born. Considered ideal for the Gray Elkhound, his build and type became the breed standard in 1887. The Norwegian Elkhound came to North America in the early 20th century. Personality Brave and even-tempered, the Norwegian Elkhound is an all-round companion. He is a good watchdog who will alert to strangers by barking and quickly discern the difference between friend and foe. With his family, he is kind and affectionate. Like most working dogs, the Norwegian Elkhound is happiest when he has a job, be it tracking, pulling sleds, herding or doing agility. Good socialization with other dogs is important. Appearance 19-21” (49-52 cm) 44-55 lb (20-25 kg)

History Gregarious and fun-loving, the Norwich Terrier’s ancestors originated in England, where small terrier-type ratting dogs were very popular in the 19th century. First whip to the Norwich Staghounds Frank Jones bought and started breeding a number of these terriers, taking some time to find a true type. He distributed the dogs far and wide, even into America, where they originally became known as Jones Terriers. Until 1964, the Norwich Terrier and the Norfolk Terrier were grouped together as History Lunde is Norwegian for “puffin”. one breed. However, the Norwich Terrier is This translation lies at the heart of the now recognized as a separate breed based Lundehund’s story. These quick, agile dogs on its prick ears, which are distinct from the originally scoured the Arctic island cliffs off Norfolk Terrier’s fold ears. Norway in search of puffins, a colourful bird Personality Don’t let his size fool you – the that feeds in northern oceans and breeds in Norwich Terrier is pure personality! This tiny rock crevices. It took drive and flexibility to dog is intelligent, affectionate, energetic and navigate those rock caves, and the Norwegian quick to learn tricks, especially if training is Lundehund was bred for the job. A “canine short, fun, and rewarding. The Norwich is also contortionist”, his head stretches back to a devoted family companion. As with most reach his spine, his forelegs flex out to 90°, working dogs, he does best when given a job and he has several toes on each foot to do, whether he’s participating in obedience, (polydactyl), some of which are double- and agility or simply chasing squirrels around the triple-jointed. The Lundehund’s dexterity yard. His small size may give the impression helped provide their owners with valuable that he will tire easily, but these dogs can go puffin meat and feathers. many hours before needing a break. The breed’s numbers decreased mid-1800, Appearance 10” (25.5 cm) when hunters began using nets to catch 12 lb (5.5 kg) the birds. When the puffin came under national protection, the Lundehund’s Straight and wiry outercoat with a thick undercoat. Ruff that frames the face. Prick ears. numbers declined further. Only a group Shades of red, wheaten, grizzle, black and tan. of devotees kept the courageous little dog from extinction. Currently, in Norway Quick Facts and beyond, the Norwegian Lundehund’s Exercise Requirements Grooming popularity is again on the rise.

Personality Lively, fun and friendly, the Lundehund gets along with children and Medium-length, coarse smooth-lying other dogs. Bred for a demanding job, outercoat. Soft, dense wooly undercoat. he retains all the traits that made him so Various shades of grey. successful: courage, tenacity and agility. He Quick Facts can be stubborn; house-training requires Exercise Requirements patience. The Norwegian Lundehund needs a secure space to exercise; however, Grooming as dynamic as he is, he is not hyperactive. AB Overscaig Perm. Reg’d, Allen and Nina Tait. As hobby breeders for 40 years, we have always “bred the best” (including Norwegian Imports) to maintain the breed’s unique type, soundness, temperament. We breed 1-2 litters/ year. Our puppies are healthy; home-raised; well socialized. They all go to “forever” homes – with health guarantee and continuing breeder support. (403) 886-2649; ninatait@taitoverscaig. com; www.taitoverscaig.com

Appearance 12-15” (30.5-38 cm) 13-16 lb (6-7 kg) Rough double coat. Extends from red to fawn to grey, often with black-tipped hairs. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

BC Amblegreen Reg’d, Heather Tomlins. Quality Norwich Terriers from health-tested champion bloodlines. Puppies and young adults are available occasionally to approved homes by reservation. We CERF test annually and certify hips/patellas/hearts with the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals. References are available. Our Norwich are bred for spoiling! Cowichan Bay, BC (778) 422-1500. heather@ amblegreen.com; www.amblegreen.com ON Dralion Perm Reg’d, Peter & Linda Dowdle. Quality, healthy, lovingly home-raised puppies from champion bloodlines. Bred for soundness, health and temperament. Occasionally available to approved homes. 474237 County Road 11, Amaranth, ON L9W 0R4. (519) 938-8663; linda@ dralionkennels.com; www.dralionkennels.com




Ch. Vigeland’s Frigg. The sweetest girl ever! Bred/ Owned by Norman Vig & Sheila Robertson, Vigeland Kennels Reg’d

Norwich Terrier

BC Vigeland Reg’d, Norman Vig & Sheila Robertson. Quality CKC Registered Norwegian Elkhounds for over 50 years. Contact us for information about future puppies and/or the occasional adult Elkhound. Happy, healthy all around great dogs. (867) 668-3885; clif@ northwestel.net; www.vigelandkennels.ca (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.)

Photo: Alice Van Kempen



Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

PAPILLON Photo: Alice Van Kempen

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Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Old English Sheepdog

KEEP THEIR TAILS! Ethical, responsible breeders of show & pet Sheepies, occasionally available only to approved FurEver homes. Babies loved to pieces, well socialized, training underway, Veterinary care up to date, come with health guarantee. Adults & Rescue OES sometimes available. Waterloo, ON. (519) 7471464; FB Ladykinoes or Dinko Cvitanovic; info@ ladykinoes.com; www.LadyKinOES.com



History The Papillon is a long-standing favourite of royalty, and is depicted in paintings dating back to the 13th century. Likely descended from toy spaniels, these cheerful little dogs earned their name from History The Otterhound was bred to their unique ears. Pricked ears were named hunt the otters that were depleting fish Papillon, after the butterfly, while folded in England’s rivers. To appreciate the ears were named Phalène, after the night Otterhound’s aquatic skills, consider that moth. Drop ears prevailed until the late the European otter weighs 20 pounds (9 1800s, when fashions changed and pricked kg), lives mostly underwater and surfaces ears were favoured. only occasionally for air. The otter’s underwater scent trail is called “a drag”, and Though historically a lap dog, the Papillon to follow it, Otterhounds needed to swim is also remarkably agile and trainable. In When dog shows came into fashion at the recent times, the breed’s popularity has end of the 19th century, the “Shepherd’s for hours. Such a keen nose and staying increased as the dogs excel in obedience, power support the belief that Bloodhound Dog”, as he was then known, became a agility, tracking, and as hearing ear or popular entry. Breeders would spend and Southern Harrier genes found their therapy dogs. way into Otterhound DNA. hours trimming and back-combing his huge coat to create the perfect image of Some British royalty (including Elizabeth I) Personality Bubbly and full of life, the the breed. Old English Sheepdogs made even bore the title Master of Otterhounds – Papillon is a social dog who loves to get their way to North America in the 1880s, quite a testament to the breed’s significance. out and about. Early socialization helps and by the turn of the century, five of the But in time, the otter population dropped him stay confident with new situations and ten wealthiest families in the United States so dramatically that the species fell under strangers. With his high energy levels and owned and bred them. protection, and hunting was banned. The intelligence, the Papillon is happiest when Personality A natural herder, the Old Otterhound was then out of a job. The he has things to do, and is an excellent English Sheepdog continues to practice owners of two solitary packs committed choice for obedience or agility. He is a his herding duties within the home, themselves to keeping the breed alive, and quick learner, and loves to try new things. herding and protecting his family by established the Otterhound as a show dog. gently bumping them together. He is evenAppearance 8-11” (20-28 cm) tempered and kind, patient and loving with In North America, the Otterhound Under 5.5-11 lb (2.5-4.5 kg) all who treat him with kindness. The Old has hunted game, but today’s breed Long, straight, fine flowing coat. Chest English Sheepdog loves to be outdoors fanciers remain more enamoured with frill. Feathering, particularly on ears. Partithe Otterhound’s looks, voice and and with his heavy coat can tolerate winter colour or tricolour with patches of any temperament. weather very well. Personality Friendly, even-tempered and colour on white. Appearance 21-24” (53-61 cm) 60-100 lb (27-46 kg) exuberant, the Otterhound loves to play Quick Facts Shaggy, harsh profuse outercoat. Waterproof in water – especially if people are included Exercise Requirements pile undercoat. Any shade of grey, grizzle, blue, in the fun. He has a distinct baying voice, Grooming blue merle with or without white markings, or but is not a barker. He is intelligent, but his attention span can be short. Scent-driven, ON in reverse. the Otterhound does best in a secure Donant-Mercer, Robin, Pieridae Reg’d. Quality, country setting. home-raised puppies available occasionally. RR Quick Facts Exercise Requirements 1, Campbellcroft, ON L0A 1B0. (905) 797-3074; Appearance 23-27” (58-69 cm) Grooming mercerpaps@sympatico.ca; www.mercerpaps. 65-115 lb (29-52 kg)


History Despite his name, the Old English Sheepdog is in fact a relatively new breed. His exact progenitors are unknown, but he was likely a mix of various herding dogs found in England’s West Country. At the time, taxing excluded working dogs so farmers would dock their dogs’ tails, signifying that they were herders or drovers. The Sheepdog earned its common name, the Bobtail, from this practice. Since his thick hairy coat might interfere with his work, farmers would shear him with the sheep so he could see and work more easily.

ON Ladykin Old English Sheepdogs, Dinko Cvitanovic & Dr. Sandra Crowne. OUR PUPPIES



Rough outer coat, woolly water-resistant undercoat. “Grizzle” or sandy colour with black and tan.



excellent temperaments, bred from AKC & CKC Ch. Second time buyers. Puppies available on occasion. - Also Vet checked. Specialize in dog portraits. 419 Tower Rd., R.R.#4, Bancroft, ON. For more information please contact us. ahodi99@gmail.com; (613) 332-0335

History The Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen is one of four types of scent hound founded around the 1st century in the French region of Vendéen. The types are separated by size: Grand Griffon, Briquette Griffon, Grand Basset Griffon, and Petit Basset Griffon. The Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen, named for its characteristic “small, low, rough” appearance, was bred to hunt in packs, trailing small game such as rabbit, hare and the occasional fox. Originally, both small and large Basset Griffons could be found in the same litter. In 1950, however, the Petit Basset Griffon received separate breed status, and by 1975 the interbreeding of the two sizes was forbidden. The PBGV came to North America in the 1970s and has since gained popularity worldwide. Personality Bred to be a pack hunter, the PBGV is a friendly dog who gets along with his pack, whether human or canine. He is especially good with children. Happy and enthusiastic about life, he loves to follow his nose. Time outdoors in a safely fenced area is important. Appearance 13-15” (33-38 cm) Under 45 lb (20.5 kg) Long rough outercoat. Thick undercoat. Beard and moustache. White with any combination of lemon, orange, tricolour, grizzle, black or sable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


History As the “Lion Dog”, a fierce protector against evil spirits, the Pekingese belonged exclusively to the Chinese Imperial Court. “Foo Dog” idols representing the breed existed as early as the Tang Dynasty of the 8th century. Highly popular with the nobility, thousands of these little dogs lived in Imperial palaces; 4,000 eunuchs were housed in Peking solely for the purpose of managing their breeding. No one outside the nobility was permitted to A lot of people could not afford to hunt with own one, on pain of death. horses, so many terriers were trained to dig into the dens of prey, attacking and killing In 1860, the British invaded Peking. Fearing them. More aggressive than Parson Russell capture of their precious dogs, the Imperial Terriers, these little dogs were often called family ordered them to be destroyed. When Jack Russell Terriers, even though they one lady committed suicide, however, her didn’t meet the standards Russell first aimed five “sleeve dogs” remained behind, fiercely defending their fallen owner. Soldiers caught to produce. the little dogs and brought them back to In 1904, Arthur Heinemann attempted England where Queen Victoria received one to purify the breed. He wrote up a breed as a gift. As the conquest continued, soldiers standard based on Russell’s original taller found other Pekingese and brought them terrier, and this became known the Parson to England, forming the foundation of the Russell Terrier in 2003. breed we know today. Personality Always up for a challenge, Personality Always the pampered dog the Parson Russell Terrier is a vibrant and of royalty, the Pekingese was born to be a fearless fellow. He is lively and engaged in comforting companion. Confident and family activities, and loves to be the centre of charming, he bonds strongly with his attention. This smart and energetic dog loves person and can become protective and the outdoors and does well with training such jealous. Careful socialization at a young as obedience or agility. Early socialization is age helps him gain the confidence so important to help develop his manners and characteristic of the breed. Because of social skills. his short muzzle, he can’t handle a lot of exercise, though short walks are essential Appearance 10-15” (25-33 cm) to keep him fit and healthy. 13-17 lb (6-7.5 kg) Appearance 6-9” (15-23 cm) Smooth and broken coats acceptable. under 14 lb (6.5 kg) Harsh, dense close outercoat. Short dense Long, straight, coarse stand-off outercoat. undercoat. May also be wiry. Thick soft undercoat. Mane. Some Quick Facts feathering. All colours and markings. May Exercise Requirements have black mask. Grooming Quick Facts Exercise Requirements ON Brackenhill Kennel Reg’d. Our puppies have Grooming History Originally bred by Parson John “Jack” Russell in the late 1800s, the Parson Russell Terrier was a hunting terrier designed to follow horses and hounds during fox hunts. His great stamina ensured he could keep up with the horses. He was able to spook a fox from his den by following him in and baying at and worrying him without killing him. When the fox bolted, the hunters could continue the chase.

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Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen


Photo: Alice Van Kempen


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Photo: Osiris Pharaoh Hounds

Pharaoh Hound


History One of the most ancient of domesticated dogs, the Pharaoh Hound originated in Egypt. Phoenician traders brought the breed to Malta in exchange for goods, and there the breed continued unadulterated for more than 2,000 years. A sight and scent hound, the dog hunted fowl, hare and rabbit and was known in his native land as the Kelb tal-Fenek (Maltese Rabbit Dog). When the breed arrived in the UK in the 1920s, fans thought these exceptionally elegant dogs resembled the Egyptian doggod, Anubis, so they were renamed Pharaoh Hounds. Arriving in North America in 1967, the first Pharaoh Hound litter on this side of the Atlantic was born in 1970. The breed’s distinctive colouring, and the fact that it remains odourless, is renewing interest. Personality The Pharaoh hound is goodhumoured and affectionate, especially with children. He is an intelligent dog who is easy to train. True to his ancestry, the active Pharaoh Hound loves the excitement of agility and lure coursing, but when he is not hunting, he is a calm and attuned member of the family. A safe, secured area will allow the Pharaoh Hound to exercise and indulge his playful side. Appearance 21-25” (53.5-63.5 cm) 45-55 lb (20.5-25 kg)

History When game hunting was opened to the general populace in the 1800s, people wanted an all-round hunting dog that could take on any prey. Prince Albrecht zu Solmes-Braunfels combined several successful breeds such as the German Bird Dog, Spanish Pointer and English Pointer. He selected for function and hunting ability rather than breed type and appearance – a deleterious practice. The result was an intelligent hunting dog who would willingly The breed made its way to North America work in water, retrieve and track. Popular in the 1950s, but their numbers remained with hunters worldwide, the German Shortlow as Germany applied limits on who could haired Pointer spread to North America in import these dogs. Today, many North the early 1900s. American breeders also prefer to keep the breed in the hands of those who ensure the Personality Enthusiastic and full of energy, German Long-haired Pointer receives the the German Short-haired Pointer is an outdoor activity to which he is accustomed. intelligent dog and a joy to train. He loves to work, whether by hunting, doing obedience, Personality Strong and possessing lots of playing flyball or running agility courses. stamina, the German Long-haired Pointer Always up for a run, he needs opportunities thrives in an environment where his mind to get out and exercise his hunting instincts. and body are stimulated by new challenges. He loves his family, and is good with He loves to run and swim. As well as being children. a superb athlete, he is a good-natured, calm Appearance 21-26” (53-66 cm) and steady dog. 45-70 lb (20-32 kg) Appearance 23-27.5” (58-70 cm) Short, rough hard outercoat. Dense short 66 lb (29.9 kg) undercoat. Solid liver or black, liver or black Slightly wavy, weather-resistant coat. Solid and white spotted and/or ticked, liver or liver colour, liver with white markings, or black roan. May have tan markings. white with liver markings. Quick Facts History A rare breed in North America, the German Long-haired Pointer has long been a favourite sporting dog in its native country. Originally a hunter of big game – some say as early as medieval times – it later moved to farm and field. When the heavier version of the dog was crossed with English Setters and French Spaniels, German clubs registered standards for this more agile Long-haired Pointer. This classification dates to 1879.

Short, glossy, rich tan colour coat with white markings. Eyes, eye rims, nose and lip Quick Facts colour blend with coat colour. Nose and ears Exercise Requirements “blush” when excited. Grooming


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming




Exercise Requirements Grooming

AB Pointer Crazy Pointers. GSP Puppies raised in our family home with their own mom and dad as our pets. Making Happy, Confident, Alert and Well Socialized Puppies! Tails Docked, Dew Claws Removed, First Shots, Vet Checked. Very Versatile. Life Time Support. Like us on Facebook! Call or Text (403) 302-2667; www. Facebook.com/PointerCrazyPointers; www. pointercrazy.com/

History While several types of gundogs existed in late 19th century Germany, hunters wanted an even more rugged breed. It’s believed they crossed the German Shorthaired Pointer with either the Airedale, the Poodle, or the Griffon, and the result was a sort of all-terrain canine who could track all kinds of game. The German Wire-haired Pointer is more rugged than his short-haired cousin; he has a weather-resistant coat, and rates high in courage and stamina. The German Wire-haired Pointer came to North America in the 1920s, but was not registered until much later. In its native Germany, the “Drahthaar” breed club demands breeders meet conformation and performance tests, which accounts for some variation between the European and the North American types.

History Dating to the 16th century, the Polish Lowland Sheepdog, or Polish Owczarek Nizinny (PON), is descended from the Hungarian Puli. He is likely the link between the corded breeds and longcoated herding dogs of Eastern Europe such as the Scottish Bearded Collie. An excellent herder, the PON was also a guard and watchdog. Like many breeds, the PON nearly died off during the Second World War. These dogs were preserved thanks to Dr. Danuta Hryniewicz and her dog Smok, who sired ten litters in the 1950s. All modern Polish Lowland Sheepdogs descend from Smok, whose type became the breed standard in 1959. The PON only gained recognition in North America during the last decade.

History The smallest Spitz-type breed, the German Zwergspitz, or Pomeranian as we know him, wasn’t always tiny. In the 18th century, the Pomeranian weighed around 30 lb. When Queen Victoria took an interest in the breed, however, she preferred smaller specimens, so breeders soon produced dogs weighing closer to 12 lb. Other famous Pomeranian owners include Marie Antoinette and Amadeus Mozart. Modern breeders have reduced the average size of the breed to around 5 lb. The Pomeranian remains a highly popular toy breed, well loved for his foxy face and fluffy coat.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

patterns, variations.



Photo: Alice Van Kempen


Personality A true feisty Spitz in temperament, the Pomeranian is an alert intelligent dog who believes he is as large Personality Loyal and devoted to his family, as his ancestors were. A natural watchdog, the PON is a herding dog at heart. He he is suspicious of strangers and will let you Personality Energetic and eager to please, protects and cares for his “flock”, and can be know if he believes something is not quite the German Wire-Haired Pointer makes pushy if not well trained and socialized. His right. The Pomeranian wants to be involved a sound, affectionate companion in the calm nature and easy intelligence make him country or the city – as long as he gets plenty pleasant to be around. He likes to work and in all aspects of life, though is not clingy. His intelligence and willingness to please of work out-of-doors. He is more introverted benefits from activities such as obedience, make him easy to train. Pomeranians love than his cousin, the German Short-haired rally, flyball and agility. to learn tricks and do well in obedience, Pointer, so ongoing socialization will keep rally and agility. Appearance 16-20” (40-51 cm) him confident in a gathering. 35-50 lb (16-23 kg) Appearance 7-12” (18-30 cm) Appearance 22-26” (55.8-66 cm) 3-7 lb (1.5-3 kg) Long, shaggy thick outercoat. Soft dense 45-75 lb (20.5-34 kg) undercoat. Long hair over eyes. All colours Long, straight harsh outercoat. Soft, fluffy Wiry coat of solid liver, liver roan, or liver thick undercoat. Neck ruff. All colours, and white. Bushy eyebrows, beard and and patches acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Rangelandz Reg’d, Martina Melnyk. 938-2020; rangelandz@hotmail.com; rangelandz.com

(780) www.

BC WigglyPaws Reg’d, Betty Spitzer. Small breeder of White poms and Wolf Sable poms. Raised in home. Breeder since 2000. (250) 423-4843; betty@wigglypaws.com; www.wigglypaws.com




whiskers bestow character.

Poodle (Miniature)


Line of Lot Road, RR 5, Souris, PEI C0A 2B0. (902) 687-1370; leeannspoodles@hotmail.com; www.leeannspoodles.zoomshare.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

health guaranteed. Puppies and stud services available. (403) 381-6890; evelynsera2@gmail. com; www.seransilpoodles.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.)


BC Reigate Standard Poodles Perm. Reg’d, Suzanne Loblaw. Member of CKC and Poodle Club of Canada. Home raised Champion quality puppies occasionally from fully health tested Champion parents and using the UC Davis genetic profile guidelines for preserving diversity. (250) 3349334; sloblaw@shaw.ca; www.reigatepoodles. com ; www.reigatepoodles.blogspot.com

All colours available. Chocolates are our specialty. Noel was bred/owned by Maria Almeida, Calvary Kennels.

History To the surprise of some, poodles are actually working water dogs. The name comes from the German term “pudel”, which refers to his love of splashing and playing in water. In France, the breed is known as “Caniche”, a combination of the words “chien” for dog and “canard” for duck. A Poodle’s clip allowed him greater freedom of movement in the water, yet kept vulnerable regions warm and protected. A long tradition of artists have enjoyed creating ever more flamboyant clip designs. Today, Poodles are still a favourite of grooming competitions because their ever moldable coats support incredible coiffures, often with bright colours. There are four sizes of Poodle: Standard, Medium, Miniature and Toy. The Miniature is very popular, large enough to remain sturdy while fitting into most homes, yet small enough to be picked up and be a lap dog.

“Royal” Am GCh/Can GCh Seransil Skyewell Roc’ On Royal. Royal is a proven sire passing on his qualities to his offspring. Royal lives with co-owner Robyn DeJager. Bred by Evelyn Sera, Seransil Perm. Reg’d. Owned by Evelyn Sera, Seransil Perm. Reg’d and Robyn DeJager.

History Though sometimes called the “French Poodle”, this breed does not come from France but instead has its roots in Germany. A water dog, the poodle hunts and retrieves fowl from swamps and lakes. The distinct poodle clip keeps the dog warm while working in cold waters, without slowing him down as he swims. Poodles have many claims to fame, not the least of which is their intelligence and highly trainable nature. The Standard Poodle is the largest. He is highly versatile and has been used for many purposes, including as a guide dog, hearing ear dog, seizure detector, cancer detector, mobility assistant and therapy dog. Poodles also succeed at herding, hunting, pulling sleds, obedience, agility and pretty much anything else they are asked to do.


Personality One of the most intelligent breeds, the Miniature Poodle is a lively fellow who enjoys having something to do. He can be a bit shy and sensitive, and requires good socialization to bring out his confidence and cheerful nature. Excellent trick dogs, Miniature Poodles are great fun to train, and this helps keep their minds occupied. Personality A proud intelligent dog, the Standard Poodle is an exceptionally versatile Appearance 10-15” (25-38 cm) companion. He is good with children and 15-20 lb (7-9 kg) other animals, with an affectionate nature Curly coat has naturally harsh texture, dense and desire to please. Happy outdoors or throughout. Corded coat hangs in tight, even in, he enjoys both mental exercise while cords of varying lengths. Any solid colour. training and doing tricks, and good oldQuick Facts fashioned runs outside. Exercise Requirements AppearanceOver 15” (38 cm) Grooming 45-70 lb (20-32 kg) NB Calvary Kennel Reg’d. Our puppies are home raised with children. We have miniature and toy sizes to choose from in various colours. From champion lines. Shipping and delivery available. – Stanley, NB. (506) 367-3321; calvarykennel@gmail.com; www. calvarykennelpoodles.webs.com. (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.) PEI LEEANNS POODLES. Walker was #5 Mini Poodle in Canada in 2016, with Limited showing. He is producing top quality red and dark apricot puppies. He will gain his TP status before his 3rd Birthday in September. 277



Curly coat has naturally harsh texture, dense throughout. Corded coat hangs in tight, even cords of varying lengths. Any solid colour. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Seransil Standard Poodles Perm. Reg’d. Breeder of CKC registered standard poodles out of health screened championship stock specializing in silvers, whites/creams, & silver/beige. Our poodles serve as companion dogs, show dogs, performance & service dogs. Our puppies are

WinterGarden Reg’d, MJ Winters. We are a small home based “kennel”. We breed sparingly, puppies are whelped and brought up in our kitchen and beautiful backyard. Puppies are loved and handled from birth. Parents are health tested and are champions, most often in both Canada and the US. Kamloops, BC (250) 579-8841; winterbarry@gmail.com ON Magisterial Standard Poodles Reg’d. At Magisterial, we provide a life-enhancing experience for each of our clients. Our Standard Poodle puppies are highly intelligent, well socialized, joyful, and raised with children. They have gorgeous good looks, are health and temperament tested, and come home very eager to learn! Your new family member will have been raised in luxury and given nothing but the very best during their crucial first 8 weeks of life. Magisterial Standard Poodles are suitable for: therapy, obedience, agility, show, flyball, service dog training, grooming competitions, herding, or hunting. Their most important role is being loving, loyal companions to families worldwide, delivering immeasurable amounts of joy, love, and magic! Your puppy will also go home with our exclusive Magisterial 5 year health guarantee and puppy pack, health insurance policy, CKC registration, microchipped, and much more. Roblin, ON (613) 453-1773; adam@magisterialkennels. com; www.magisterialkennels.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) Syquefine Reg’d, Christina Pierce. Est. 2004. Stunning Reds, Apricots, Blacks, Blues and Silvers. Health tested. Written Health Guarantee. Family-raised, well-socialized and well-loved puppies for pet or show from champion lines. Emphasis on health, temperament, intelligence, and trainability. Lifetime of breeder support. Visitors welcome. Napanee, ON. cell: (613) 328-4511; syquefine@gmail.com; www. syquefinestandardpoodles.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) Mary Jane T. Weir, Tyldesley-Titian-Amar Kennels. Poodles since 1948. Founding member Poodle Club of Canada; 50-year lifetime member CKC. Kennel partner Beverly Tufford, Amar Kennels. Home-raised black, blue, silver, cream, apricot, red. Breeding stock mainly outcrossed; lower risk of immune diseases validated by UC Davis genetic profile. Health tested, performance potential tested. Mulmur, ON. (519) 925-2658; mjtweir@bell.net

ON Pomroth Reg’d, Helen M. Hamilton. Home raised, solid coloured toy poodles in black or brown. Trained young adults sometimes available. See pictures of our dogs on website. Amaranth, ON pomroth@bell.net; www. pomrothtoypoodles.com (519) 939-8250



All Colours Available. Toy Apricot Poodle Bred/ Owned by Maria Almeida, Calvary Kennels.

CAN GCH, AM CH BELOURO’S EXPLORER RAFAEL. Photo: Oslach Photography. Owned Dr Patricia Lechten, Bred/Co-Owned Gillian Goldschmidt, Belouro Reg est.1995 Oro Medonte, ON www.belouropwd.com

History The Toy Poodle is the smallest, and was created from the Standard Poodle by breeding for small size. Originally waterdogs, Poodles are now prized for their versatility. Many performing artists in circuses preferred poodles over other breeds. Highly intelligent, the dogs could be trained to do any trick, and worked well in combinations using all their different sizes and types. Circuses are turning away from the use of animals, but Poodles remain popular as entertainers. Toy Poodles are particularly popular due to their tiny size.

Portuguese Water Dog


History An old breed, the Portuguese Water Dog, or Cão de Agua, helped drive fish into fishermen’s nets. He was an essential member of the Portuguese crew. He served History The Portuguese Sheepdog was the vessels by retrieving things from the born to herd. Sheep, goats, cattle, horses, water, sometimes even diving for them, and pigs...the breed’s driving instinct and long delivering messages from the ship. By the coat served it well in harsh climates. Of early 1900s, technology made the Portuguese Water Dog’s role redundant, and the breed uncertain origin, it’s possible the Portuguese fell by the wayside. Sheepdog descended from a pair of Briards in the early 1900s. Then again, it resembles In the 1930s, a wealthy Portuguese shipping both the Pyrenees from France and the magnate took an interest in the breed and Personality A lapdog in size, the Toy Catalan Sheepdog from Spain. By the end of began efforts to save it from extinction. Poodle is an intelligent dog who loves to the 20th century, the Portuguese Sheepdog A mere 35 dogs were brought to North perform tricks for his people. He needs had faded in popularity, and only its America in the 1960s, where dedicated to be mentally stimulated to keep him devotion to his family and his purpose kept breeders continued the effort to revive the Portuguese Water Dog. happy, and good training and socialization the breed from disappearing altogether. help moderate his sensitive nature. Like Personality A fearless, lively and dedicated Personality A quick and lively outdoor service dog, the Portuguese Water Dog loves many toy breeds, he is cautious around worker, the Portuguese Sheepdog is a good his family and will do anything to keep them young children, who tend to be loud and companion for a knowledgeable owner happy. Although easily trained, he likes to boisterous. The Toy Poodle loves to be with who can appreciate and channel his strong think for himself and can get distracted if he his people. driving instinct. He is faithful to his family, doesn’t know what is expected of him. The Appearance Under 10” (25 cm) and can be protective of them. Portuguese Water Dog loves to work, and 4-8 lb (2-3.5 kg) needs to have a job. He excels at obedience, Appearance 16.5-22” (42-55 cm) agility, water sports and any other sport his Curly coat has naturally harsh texture, 26-40 lb (12-18 kg) owner might want to try. dense throughout. Corded coat hangs in A tousled coat of yellow, fawn, chestnut and Appearance 16-23” (42-59 cm) tight, even cords of varying lengths. Any grey – from light to dark. Scant white on 35-60 lb (16-27 kg) solid colour. chest. Curly coat: compact, cylindrical curls, little Quick Facts Quick Facts shine. Wavy coat: falls gently in waves, slight Exercise Requirements Exercise Requirements sheen. Black, white, brown or combinations Grooming Grooming of black or brown with white.

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Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Baywood Reg’d, Brenda Brown. Quality bred Portuguese Water Dogs in Edmonton, Alberta. Our dogs are not just show champions but working/performance dogs with great genetics behind them. Because of this we also have absolutely wonderful puppy owners. We encourage our owners to get involved with activities that are fun for their family and dog. Baywood dogs excel at many events such as obedience, rally, water work, tracking, therapy

Portuguese Water Dog continued on page 150.




NB Calvary Kennel Reg’d. Our puppies are home raised with children. We have miniature and toy sizes to choose from in various colours. From champion lines. Shipping and delivery available. – Stanley, NB. (506) 367-3321; calvarykennel@gmail.com; www. calvarykennelpoodles.webs.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above)

ON Acostar Reg’d, Lesley Miller. We breed quality PWDs for temperament, type, and health and raise them in our home surrounded by family. All breeding dogs are CKC Champions with PRA, EOPRA, GM-1, IC-13, JDCM, and OFA hips, elbows, and eye clearances. All pups are health checked and guaranteed, vaccinated and microchipped before going home. (613) 469-0303; lesley@acostarpwds.com; www.acostarpwds.com Belouro Reg’d, Gillian & Frank Goldschmidt. Breeding from generations of fully health-tested, multi-titled championed parents. Committed to producing sound healthy puppies, lovingly home raised and correctly socialized. Available to approved homes. Full health guarantee. Home of Best in Show(s), Top Show Dog Award winners in Canada and U.S., titled in water, agility and therapy. Recognized for the health, temperament, structure and trainability of our offspring. 10 Forestwood Lane, Oro Medonte, ON L0L 1T0. (705) 329-1299; belouro@rogers. com; www.belouropwd.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement on page 149 and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) Kyessiline Reg’d. Portuguese Water Dog, Puppies are raised in the house. The parents have all their health clearances. Fully Registered with the CKC. Puppies are seen by a vet, vaccinated, dewormed and microchipped. We give a two year full refund or replacement guarantee. Anna Kyessi, (613) 674-5580; anna@ kyessilinekennels.ca; www.kyessilinekennels.ca


Ondulado Perm. Reg’d, Cathie & Steve Sockett. Since 1990. Breeding for temperament, type, and trainability. All breeding stock health tested. Well-socialized, home-raised puppies occasionally. Health guarantee. Severn, ON. (705) 329-1482; cathie@ondulado.ca; www. ondulado.ca Ricelake Portuguese Water Dogs, Cathy Gonzalez. Our dogs are bred to CKC standard as well as for their great temperaments and intelligence but most importantly for health. All our dogs live with us in our home and all puppies are born & raised in the house. Every Porti puppy is fully guaranteed. All our breeding dogs have been tested for GMI, IC, JDCM, PRA & Hips. All puppies leave with full 2 year guarantee & lifetime breeder support. We are located in the Northumberland Hills approximately 1.5hr drive east from Toronto. Please visit our website to learn more about us and our dogs. (705) 924-2509; c_reg_4@hotmail.com; www. portuguesewaterdogsatricelake.com



PUG History The Puli immigrated to Hungary in the early 9th century with the Magyars and their flocks of sheep. The early dogs varied widely in type and are the progenitors of the Puli, Komodor, Kuvasz and Tibetan Terrier. Pulis are the ultimate sheepherding dog. Darker-coated dogs guarded flocks during the day, while lighter-coated dogs guarded at night. The dogs were so valuable that a shepherd might save a year’s wages just to purchase one. Their unique technique of History Originating in China alongside the jumping on the backs of sheep made them an Pekingese, the Pug was always a companion unusual and effective flock manager. dog, and was reserved for the Imperial family and their friends. As the Dutch East Interbreeding and wars decimated the India Company made its way across the purebred Puli until 1912, when Emil Raitsits world, they were able to obtain some Pugs recognized the dog’s value. In 1915, he and bring them back to Holland. There wrote up a breed standard and worked the Prince of Orange claimed them as the to reconstruct the Puli, specifically by official breed of the House of Orange after preserving its size, colour and coat. While a Pug saved his life from Spaniards in 1572. there were originally four sizes of Puli, the Later, when the Prince’s grandson William middle-sized dog was most versatile and III took the English throne, he brought became the true breed type. several Pugs with him. Later Royals to keep Personality Like many guardian breeds, the Pugs included Queen Victoria, the Duke Puli is an excellent watchdog and guardian. and Duchess of Windsor, and Napoleon’s He is cautious with strangers, and takes time to wife, Josephine. develop trust. But he is affectionate and devoted Pugs came to North America in the mid to those he calls his own. A working dog, the 1800s and it’s now one of the most popular Puli likes to be kept occupied, and responds well to training. Early socialization with a variety and recognized breeds in the world. of people and places will be a plus. Personality The Pug is a small dog full of character. He is even-tempered, clever Appearance 14-18” (37-46 cm) 22-33 lb (10-15 kg) and curious, and attracts attention with his unique appearance and pleasant personality. Weather-resistant coat with long, wavy or Friendly and good with people of all ages, curly coarse outercoat. Fine, soft dense he is affectionate and enjoys a good cuddle. undercoat. Mature coat naturally forms He can’t work too hard due to a shortened cords. Solid black, rusty black, all shades of nose that can give him breathing problems. grey, white, apricot. However, it is still important to get him out Quick Facts and about to prevent obesity. Exercise Requirements Appearance 10-14” (25-36 cm) Grooming 14-18 lb (6.5-8 kg) Short, smooth fine coat. Fawn, black, silver, NS Immerzu Perm Reg’d, Terry & Stephanie Horan. apricot. Black mask. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


ON PugPaws Reg’d, Marigo Schwerdtfeger. Breeding for temperament and health. Quality home-raised puppies, fully guaranteed. Limited litters. Shipping across Canada. Haley Station, ON. marigo@bell.net; www.pugpaws.com

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Portuguese Water Dog

& especially agility. Best of all we have great family dogs! Find us on Facebook.com/ BaywoodPWD & Instagram @BaywoodPWD. Inquiries via email: baywooddogs@gmail.com; www.baywooddogs.com

Skipnstone Kennels, Lawrence & Charlotte Etue. We are a family breeder and have been involved with raising, showing, working and breeding PWD’s over many years. At 7-8 weeks of age, we do temperament and conformation testing with the puppies to ensure that each of the puppy buyers receives the pup best suited to their family. Puppies are available to select homes. We initiate crate training, outside playtime, socializing with our adult dogs and lots of visitors of all ages! Lawrie always says that our best dogs are someone’s cherished pet. We are available to answer your questions about Portuguese Water Dogs and puppy rearing. Cambridge, ON. (519) 651-3441; skipnstone@gmail.com; www.skippingstonekennel.blogspot.ca/ (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

We are proud to be Canada’s winningest Puli breeders. Puppies are occasionally available for showing, performance events and as lively, loving companions. Older dogs are sometimes

Photo: Alice Van Kempen


McKinlay, Scott & Pam, Mossbank, Reg’d. Owners and breeders of quality Chesapeake Bay Retrievers since 1970, with many repeat buyers. We breed to combine top bloodlines for great temperament, conformation, health and retrieving ability. Breeding stock has certified health clearances for eyes, hips, elbows, DM and EIC. Written health guarantee. Puppies and adults available occasionally. 12297 Talbot Trail (Morpeth), PO Box 1111, Ridgetown, ON N0P 2C0. (519) 359-8325; kinlayke@gmail.com


Photo: Alice Van Kempen

History Maryland’s Chesapeake Bay thrived on huge flocks of waterfowl native to the region. Taking hundreds of birds at a time, they needed dogs that could work for hours in the frigid waters, retrieving birds and bringing them to shore. In 1807, a ship carrying two Newfoundland-type dogs sank near the Maryland shore. The two dogs, named Canton and Sailor, were bred to local dogs including other types of retriever, water spaniels and otter hounds. The resulting dogs were long-footed with short History The Curly Coated Retriever is one of water-resistant coats, and could tolerate cold the oldest Retriever breeds. Known fondly as water without becoming chilled. “the Curly” for his thick mass of tight curls, his The Chesapeake Bay Retriever remains a ancestry is a bit unsure, though experts believe prized water bird hunter, and they are also his background includes the St. John’s excellent search and rescue dogs, trackers, Newfoundland, the Old English Water Spaniel guide dogs and sled dogs. Current breeders and the Poodle. The Curly gained popularity focus on keeping the working traits that when hunters needed a working companion make the Chesapeake Bay Retriever so to find and retrieve the birds in the field, valuable, and promote their dogs both in regardless of the conditions. He’s still the show ring and the field. recognized as an excellent gun and hunting dog, and is exceedingly popular in Australia Personality The Chesapeake Bay Retriever and New Zealand. is a tough, tenacious and strong-minded dog. He is a working dog that needs a job Personality Gentle and even-tempered, to keep happy. When not working, he is an the Curly is also loyal and protective of affectionate and family-friendly companion his family. While he can be a bit reserved that is easy to care for. While content with strangers, his playful side peeks out indoors, he loves to be outside and of course with people he knows and loves. Known adores swimming. for his good manners, the Curly is also hard-working and intelligent, and makes a Appearance 21-26” (53-66 cm) wonderful companion for outdoor-minded 55-80 lb (25-37 kg) families, particularly those who like to Short, hard, oily water-resistant outercoat. swim! Training sessions for these quickWooly, dense fine undercoat. Any shade of brown, sedge (red-gold) or deadgrass (straw minded dogs tend to work better if they’re kept short and interesting. to bracken). White markings acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Appearance 23-27” (58-69 cm) 65-80 lb (29.5-36.5 kg)

Distinguished from other Retrievers by its uniquely textured, curly coat. Coat is water ON resistant and requires only occasional Conroy Reg’d Kennel, Rita Jones. Working bathing and towelling after getting wet. bloodlines bred for temperaments, retrieving Coat colour can be black or liver.


Retriever (Flat-Coated)

- See Rare Breed Directory

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History In the mid to late 1800s, S.E. Shirley produced a close-working gun dog he called the Flat-Coated Retriever. Crossed from a variety of breeds such as Newfoundland, Labrador, Setter, Water Spaniel and Collie, the Flat-Coated Retriever became a popular show and working breed at the turn of the century. Later interest in Labrador Retrievers and Golden Retrievers saw a decline in the breed, and many remaining dogs did not survive the two World Wars. Stanley O’Neill revived the breed in the 1960s. Today, the Flat-Coated Retriever remains uncommon, though he is recognized as an effective sporting dog. Efforts to maintain both type and working traits allowed the breed to remain consistent through working and showing lines. Personality Sometimes referred to as the Peter Pan of the dog world, the Flat-Coated Retriever has a puppy-like personality he maintains throughout his life. He is a keen and intelligent hunter who loves children and bonds closely to his family, preferring to be around them as much as possible. The Flat-Coated Retriever is quick to learn and does very well in sports such as agility, flyball or obedience. Appearance 22-25” (56-62 cm) 60-80 lb (27-37 kg) Moderate length coat, straight or slightly wavy, flat-lying, weather resistant. Feathering. Black or liver colour. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming NS Fleetwing Perm. Reg’d, Kathy Howland. Quality Flat Coated Retriever breeder since 1986. Multi-purpose puppies from healthy stock. Application form available. (902) 6652030; fleetwing1@gmail.com

ability, Conformation (structure) and excellent





work ethics. Breeding stock all have certified health clearances for DM, IEC, Hips, Elbows, and eyes. Puppies come with a written guarantee. Puppies available occasionally. Forty-five years of breeding and competing in Retrieving, Obedience, and Conformation with my dogs. Woodville, ON (705) 439-2747; deadgrass@sympatico.ca

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

available. All breeding stock health checked. Delighted to offer advice and information from over 45 years’ experience with the breed. 14924 HWY 6, RR 2, Malagash, NS B0K 1E0. (902) 257-1143; stephanie@immerzupuli.com; www.immerzupuli.com

Retriever (Golden)


CH Makani’s My Heart Will Go On, OD. Am/Can CH RUSH HILL’S HAAGEN DAZS, AM CDX, WCX x CH MAKANI’S FULL OF MALAR KEY, OD. Dam of 9 Can. CH. “WIN” has stamped her excellence on a 30 yr+ breeding program. Bred/Owned by Betsey Ryan, Makani Meadows Reg’d

History In the mid 1800s, the English preferred black Retrievers, but Sir Dudley Majoribanks decided to develop a goldencoloured Wavy-Coated Retriever. He purchased a yellow Flat-Coated Retriever and bred it to the Tweed Water Spaniel, a now-extinct, curly-coated light-coloured breed. The resulting dogs were then crossed to other light-coloured breeds such as Yellow Labradors, Red Setters and other Wavy-Coated Retrievers. In time, the “Golden Flat Coat” type was established, and in 1920 renamed the Golden Retriever. Golden Retrievers came to North America in the 1920s and immediately gained a following. Golden Retrievers are one of the world’s most popular breeds, and frequently used as service dogs because of their kind and intelligent personalities. Personality Known worldwide for his easy-going nature, the Golden Retriever is said to be born wanting to please. He is an intelligent dog and one of the easiest to train. Energetic, but not excitable, the Golden enjoys a good run and some games. He is wonderful with children of all ages, and pets of all sizes. Appearance 20-24” (51-61 cm) 55-75 lb (25-34 kg)

Grand Champion stud service. Visit our site for more information. www.blackpoolkennels.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) Golden Asset Reg’d, Mary Greenwood. Yes, Experience does make a difference! Celebrating over 20 years. We have been caring for and breeding quality English Golden Retrievers since 1996. We are located just west of Alliston, ON. All of our dogs conform to CKC breed standard, and have had their clearances on their hips, elbows, heart and eyes are done yearly. Our pups are breed for temperament, conformation but mostly health. Each pup comes with CKC registration, Guaranteed, Shots, Vet Checked, and lots more. Show and pet puppies available occasionally. Let us help you find your next furry friend. Everett ON, (705) 440-7644; mjg@goldenassetkennels.ca; www.goldenassetkennels.ca Goldenbreez Reg’d, Patricia Parkinson. Home-raised, healthy, happy, well socialized, quality pups with exceptionally sweet, quiet temperaments. Selected for temperament, soundness and intelligence. Pups sold with health and temperament written guarantees. Parents cleared, many generations of certifications. Several offspring with agility, obedience and conformation titles. Breeding for 27 years. After purchase support. Naturally reared, some raw. Palmerston, ON. Home (519) 343-3013; Fax (519) 343-4482; pat@goldenbreezkennels.com; www.goldenbreezkennels.com Makani Meadows Reg’d, Betsey Ryan. Breeding Goldens with a purpose for show and obedience but above all loving family companions. Thirty-five minutes north of Pearson Airport. Orangeville area. (519) 9413170; makanimeadows@bell.net (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)


Sia. Daughter of Sierra and Hudson, she is an awesome hunting companion and very intelligent. She resides with her Gramma Elle who is retired from us. Bred by Ken & Cathy Pellizzari, Goshen Ridge Reg’d.

History One of two breeds originating in North America, the Labrador is possibly descended from native dogs that interbred with those arriving in the 1600s with European fishing vessels. The Labrador is a hardy breed uniquely designed to withstand the difficult climate of Canada’s coastline. Smaller than the Newfoundland, the Labrador had excellent retrieving abilities, and became popular with waterfowl hunters worldwide. His type and talents were so desirable that the Labrador was used in many breeding programs, producing breeds such as the Flat-Coated, Chesapeake Bay and Golden Retrievers. Though the breed originated in Canada, the first Labrador Retrievers registered in Canada were found on the west coast, and were imported from the US and England. But the breed soon gained popularity in Canada and now stands as the most popular dog in the world.

Personality Perhaps a perfect family dog, the Labrador Retriever is known for Tibsen Reg’d, Lise & Tim Nesbitt. Tibsen his sensible, affectionate, even-tempered nature and his intelligence and willingness kennels is a home based kennel situated to please. He is highly trainable and excels south of North Bay. Our goal is to breed well in a wide range of sports. An energetic dog, socialized, healthy, beautiful English-type the Labrador needs a good run to work off Golden Retrievers. Puppies are the result of a steam, as well as things to do to keep his carefully planned breeding program focusing mind occupied. He is friendly with other on health, temperament and soundness. animals, and excellent with kids. All breeding stock have health clearances.


Straight or wavy, firm, dense water-resistant We offer written guarantee, 6 weeks of pet Appearance 21-25” (54-62 cm) 55-80 lb (25-37 kg) outercoat. Good undercoat. Neck ruff. insurance and lifetime support. Our dogs and Various shades of gold and cream. Short, straight dense outercoat. Soft puppies live in our home and are part of our weather-resistant undercoat. Black, yellow, everyday lives. Callander, ON P0H 1H0. (705) Quick Facts 752-1926; tibsenkennels@hotmail.com; www. chocolate. Exercise Requirements tibsengoldens.com Quick Facts Grooming Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Blackpool Perm. Reg’d, Darryl Tuominen. We breed for temperament, health, and longevity. We clear parents for hips, elbows, eyes, heart, DNA test all our dogs for PRA 1 and 2, plus PRDC PRA, skin disorder Ichthyosis DM. Our home raised puppies to come with a threeyear guarantee and 6 weeks of pet insurance plus lifetime support. Our Callie was number one Golden in Ontario. We offer champion and




Labrador Retriever Club of Canada, Inc. Learn more about the breed online at www.labradorretrieverclub.ca BC Whiterobin Kennels, Cynthia White. All puppies come Canadian Kennel Club registered, 1st set of shots, dew claws done, de-wormed, microchipped, some crate conditioning, very well socialized, a health guarantee, and 6



“Stalkmoor Glen Lyon” OFA – R.R. DM 2107/36 M-NOPI “The Charmer” – “Toby” a Friend to all with a heart of gold. Bred/Owned by Mrs. M.J. Apostle, Stalkmoor Perm. Reg’d, PO Box 28, Group 319, RR 3, Selkirk, MB R1A 2A8. (204) 757-2876

Rhodesian Ridgeback

MB Archway Labradors Reg’d, Betty Ann Leyenhorst. Breeders of Black, Yellow and Chocolate Labrador, we are eager to specifically select a puppy for your needs, whether it be a family pet or a hunting companion, a therapy dog, or agility/flyball/conformation events. Each potential puppy owner is screened and approved before a reservation is made to ensure our puppies are only going to homes that have been carefully thought out and planned. All of our breeding stock are OFA certified for HEART, EYES, HIPS, and ELBOWS. Archway puppies are sold with a written 2 YEAR HEALTH GUARANTEE of genetic soundness. (204) 7503647; archwaylabradors@gmail.com; www. archwaylabradors.com/ (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

Wimberway Kennels & Farm Perm. Reg’d, Sandy Briggs. Puppies sometimes available. Stud Service to approved bitches. All adults have hip, elbow and eye clearances. Powassan, ON. sandy@wimberway.com; www.wimberway.com.

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

weeks pet insurance. We are here for you, offering our support to provide you with our care and attention to assist you in raising a well-mannered puppy which will become a wellmannered adult dog. We offer LIFETIME return policy and LIFETIME support for you and your new family member. Princeton, BC (250) 2957939; whiterobinkennels@outlook.com; www. whiterobin-kennels.com

History The Rhodesian Ridgeback’s history begins in South Africa, where his ancestor, the Khoikhoi dog, was prized as a sighthound that could hold his own against large game. The symmetrical ridge of hair that grows back along the spine, giving the Ridgeback his name, came from these early sighthounds. As English emigrants came to South Africa, they crossed the native dogs with other breeds like Mastiffs, Bloodhounds and Pointers. No matter what breed was added, the ridge was predominant, and the Rhodesian Ridgeback was born. These large dogs were used both as hunters and protectors.

History After observing the antics of foxes, hunters in Little River, Nova Scotia decided to breed a dog that could imitate this hunting style, called “tolling”. One fox would play by the water’s edge, drawing the curiosity of ON the geese, while another would hide in the Devonsleigh Kennels, Joanne Fernall. 1280 brush, ready to pounce. The “Little River Webster Road, Norwood, ON (705) 639Duck Dog” worked in a similar way, fetching 1210; devonsleigh@sympatico.ca; www. an object thrown by the hunter, who would devonsleigh.com hide in a blind. Dancing and playing as he Dora Lee Reg’d, Betty Small. Chocolate, retrieved, the dog would attract the birds’ yellow and occasionally black lab puppies curiosity. The hunter would shoot once the for wonderful companions and/or field dogs. birds were close enough, and the dog would In the 1870s, Reverend Helm brought some Certified clearances and puppy guarantees. then retrieve them. 6734 6th Line, RR 3, Harriston, ON N0G 1Z0. Bred specifically to look like and imitate of these dogs to Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) (519) 338-2077; doraleegenetics1@sonicwaves. foxes, Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retrievers where he continued to breed them as large ca; www.doraleelabradors.com come from a combination of breeds game hunters. Evenstar Labradors Reg’d, Jacklyn Hayhurst. including Flat-Coated Retrievers, Labrador Personality Protective and brave, the Puppies are home-raised naturally, well Retrievers, Cocker Spaniels and Irish Rhodesian Ridgeback is fiercely loyal socialized with a head start on learning Setters. The breed is recognized as Nova to his owner. He is good with children experiences. Guaranteed. Our girls and Scotia’s Provincial Dog. when socialized with them. He remains puppies excel in Show, Obedience, and Field Personality Playful and exuberant, the an excellent hunter and excels at lure or as loving companions. Breeding stock is Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Dog loves to coursing. Because he is an independent tested and cleared for hips, elbows, eyes, retrieve. He needs lots of exercise and a way thinker, he will benefit from training and CNM, HNPK, EIC, DM. Fenwick, ON L0S 1C0. to make use of his talents. At home, he is (905) 892-3012; jhayhurst@sympatico.ca; www. affectionate and devoted to his people. His socialization at an early age. Goshen Ridge Reg’d, Ken & Cathy Pellizzari. Reg’d Breeders of quality black, chocolate, yellow & fox red Labrador Retrievers. Well temperamented for a family. Also great for hunting, agility, or fly ball. 565 Goshen Road, Tillsonburg, ON (519) 842-0960 Cathy’s cell: (519) 688-8815 Ken’s cell; goshenridgelabs@ hotmail.com; www.goshenridgelabs.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.) Windara Reg’d, Lila June Johnson. Aptitute tested black, chocolate and yellow puppies for sale throughout the year. Parents have OFAs. Check us out today for availability. Reservations accepted now. Air transport arranged to Canadian destinations. Our puppies will meet or exceed your expectations! Windthorst, SK S0G 5G0. (306) 736-7413; windarakennel@gmail. com; www.windarakennels.blogspot.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

tolling ability is natural, though regular training is needed to enable him to become a consistent hunting dog. Appearance 17-21” (43-54 cm) 37-51 lb (17-23 kg)

Water-resistant, medium-length, moderately soft outercoat. Soft dense undercoat. Whiskers. Feathering. Various shades of red or orange. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming NS Redland Reg’d, Sandy Bruce. Occasional puppies from sound bloodlines of hip and eye cleared breeding stock. Stud dogs to approved bitches. Inquiries and visitors welcome. PO Box 239 Mahone Bay, NS. (902) 624-0168; nsdtr@ iname.com; www.redlandkennels.net; www. redlandkennels.com

Appearance 24-27” (61-69 cm) 65-85 lb (29-39 kg)

Short, sleek, glossy, dense coat. Light wheaten to red wheaten. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming MB Stalkmoor Perm Reg’d, Mrs MJ Apostle. Rhodesian Ridgebacks only since 1967. homeraised for loving and kind dispositions, gentle hearts and noble minds. Not selling for guard or hunting purposes. Approved homes only. PO Box 28, Grp 319, RR 3, Selkirk, MB R1A 2A8. (204) 757-2876 (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above.)





RUSSIAN TSVETNAYA BOLONKA – See Rare Breed directory

Photo: Snowbear Kennels Perm. Reg’d


History Roman soldiers travelling across Europe took their food along with them “on the hoof”. The herds were driven by huge Mastiffs. As cattle were eaten, or left at outposts, the dogs remained behind at drop points, one of which was the town of Rottweil in Germany. Roman Mastiffs and local dogs interbred, producing an imposing dog known as the German Butcher’s Dog, or Rottweiler. These dogs carted goods to market, then drove new purchases of cattle back home. Improved methods of transportation such as the railroad made the Rottweiler’s job unnecessary, and the breed’s numbers dropped significantly. But the Rottweiler’s reputation caught the interest of the police and military in the 1900s and this association made the Rottweiler one of the most popular breeds in North America. Personality A well-bred Rottweiler is a calm, confident and courageous dog. He trusts his owner implicitly, and is highly dedicated to his family. Naturally cautious of strangers, the Rottweiler remains on guard until shown there is no danger to his family. When not on the alert, he is a mellow dog who is loving and playful and makes a superb companion. Good training and socialization make the Rottweiler a pleasure to have around. His intelligence and trainability make him a fun friend who excels in obedience, agility, cart pulling and many more active jobs. Appearance 22-27” (56-69 cm) 92-110 lb (42-50 kg) Medium length, coarse dense outercoat. Black with rust to mahogany markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming



Photo: Alice Van Kempen



ON Windorff Reg’d. Proud Breeder of quality rottweilers since 1993. My breeding program focuses on temperament, health and conformation. certified parents, written 2 yr guarantee on house raised puppies. Please contact Jackie Robson, 421564 Con 6, RR 1, Elmwood, ON N0G 1S0 (519) 364 4556; windorff@xplornet.ca; www.windorff.com



History Born in the bitterest regions of Russia and Siberia, north of the Arctic Circle, the Samoyed was an irreplaceable hunter, herder, sled dog and companion to the Samoyede people. The Samoyed was a History The Saluki is possibly the first breed member of the family, and was allowed to ever domesticated by humans. Originating live indoors when not herding reindeer or in Syria, it was imported to Egypt, Persia, transporting people across the tundra. India and Afghanistan. Its image has been Europeans discovered this useful sled dog found in tombs well over 5,000 years old. The during their expeditions to the Arctic in name likely came from the Arabian town of the mid-1800s. In 1889, zoologist Ernest Saluk, but may have an earlier origin with the Kilburn-Scott spent time with the Samoyede Syrian town of Seleukia. The dog’s impressive people and took home several dogs, calling speed made him a superlative hunter of fast them Samoyeds. They quickly gained game such as deer, fox, hare and gazelle. popularity with the nobility, and were prized Considered a sacred gift of Allah, the Saluki by expeditionary forces. The first dogs to explore Antarctica were Samoyeds. Despite could never be sold, only gifted. their cold weather heritage, Samoyeds The Saluki came to Europe when Wilfred adjust well to warmer climates. Jennings-Bramly obtained some from the Tahawi tribe in Northern Egypt. Despite his Personality Always a family dog, the best efforts, the breed was not recognized by Samoyed is wonderful with all his people, the Kennel Club until after the First World young and old. He is easy-going and War, in 1923. Around the same time, several affectionate. Though he will bark at dogs were brought to North America, and strangers, he is too friendly to be much of a guard dog. He likes to play, and enjoys a the breed received recognition in 1927. daily run. While his thick coat makes him Personality Dignified and independent, tolerant of cold weather, the Samoyed does the Saluki has a deep affection for his not like to be left outdoors for long periods people. Sensitive to noisy active children, and prefers to be inside with his family. the Saluki is best in a fairly quiet home. He Appearance 18-24” (46-60 cm) is a true hunter and sighthound, and will 35-65 lb (16-30 kg) chase any small prey that catches his eye. Daily runs in a safe high-fenced area are Long, harsh, stand-off weather-resistant outercoat. Short, thick, wooly undercoat. important to keep a Saluki happy. Neck ruff. White, biscuit, white and biscuit, Appearance 23-28” (58-71 cm) cream. 29-66 lb (13-30 kg) Quick Facts Feathered: smooth, soft silky coat with slight Exercise Requirements feathering on legs, back of thighs and tail. Grooming Smooth: same coat type, but no feathering. White, cream, fawn, golden, red, grizzle and ON tan, black and tan, tricolour or any variation Snowybear Perm Reg’d. Home raised, of these colours. happy puppies. Sound temperaments, hard Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming: Smooth Feathered

working Samoyeds. All puppies vet checked. Breeding since 1986. 156 Cheapside Road, PO Box 135, Selkirk, ON N0A 1P0 (905) 7762115; gibson.snowbear@xplornet.com; www. snowybearkennels.com


History The hardworking Schapendoes has protected flocks in the Netherlands for hundreds of years, and enjoyed great popularity in the late 1800s and early 1900s. He is related to a variety of breeds in the sheepdog family, including the Bearded Collie, the Puli, and the Briard. After the First World War, Schapendoes numbers declined, but a Dutch inspector named P.M.C. Toepoel launched a campaign to resurrect the breed and by the 1930s interest in breeding the Schapendoes increased. In the 1940s, the Schapendoes made his first appearance in the show ring, which demonstrated that this breed could be reliable and durable in a variety of situations. Personality The Schapendoes is a loyal, intelligent breed that exudes friendliness and kindness to all that he meets. His high energy level is channeled into playful antics and he excels at agility sports, such as running and jumping over obstacles. He has a jovial personality, which makes him a friend to all, and his versatility makes him a good dog for a number of activities. The Schapendoes’ devoted nature and herding instincts means that he can be a good watchdog without being aggressive. He is fantastic in the show ring, hardworking on the farm, and affectionate in the home.

SchapAnnRo Reg’d, Anne & Robert Harvey. Breeder of quality, home-raised, well-socialized puppies, selectively bred for temperament, health, trainability, and structure. Great companions for first-time owners or experienced competitors. Wonderful agility and obedience dogs. Available to approved homes, extensive and lifetime breeder support. References available. Visitors welcome. Reservations recommended. 25th Sideroad, Amaranth, ON L9V 1M3. (416) 420-3425 or (416) 347-7796; schapannro@rogers.com; annbert@rogers. com; www.schapannro.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming



History The Schipperke has existed within the Flemish provinces of Belgium for hundreds of years. Whether the breed hailed from an old breed of black Belgian Sheepdog called the Leauvenarr or from the northern Spitz-type dogs is still debated. The Schipperke’s original purpose was to clear farms, factories, and homes of rats, which earned them the name “Spitske” (little Spits). Quite successful at this task, Schipperkes moved from land to water, where they took care of vermin on boats and barges. By the 1880s, that earned them the Appearance 15.5-20” (40-51 cm) new name – the Schipperke – which means 26.5-55 lbs (12-25 kg) “little captain.” The Schipperke became a Slightly wavy, long, thick outercoat popular pet in Belgium after Queen Marie with sufficient undercoat. Top knot, Henriette acquired one at a dog show in 1885. moustache, and beard. Fur sometimes gathers in tufts. All colours. Personality A loyal family dog, the Schipperke is active, agile and continually Quick Facts occupied with what is going on around him. Exercise Requirements While he is kind with children, his excellent Grooming watchdog skills make the Schipperke wary of ON strangers. He has a high energy level, which Messy Hair Kennel Reg’d, Chari O’Leary. can be satisfied in the city with frequent visits Selective breeding from Canadian and to the dog park or long walks. He’s also a European Championship lines. Parents are OFA great farm dog, since he gets along well with Hips/Elbows/Heart & CAER tested. Lovingly larger animals such as horses (though he’ll home-raised for companions - conformation - chase smaller animals such as rabbits). Eager and performance; temperament tested pups to please and intelligent, the Schipperke is placed in approved homes (Reservations very adaptable and easy to train. recommended). Providing health guarantees

Black double-coat, with soft undercoat and harsh, dense outercoat. Neck ruff and perky ears. Usually all black, medium-length fur.

ON Armstrong-Purnell Janice & Murray Purnell, Sanhedrin Reg’d. Quality home raised puppies from sound, health champion & obedience OFA certified clear stock. Our dogs do well in Obedience & Shows, but most of all, are loving family companions. 8676 Hwy 9, Tottenham, ON L0G 1W0. (416) 4413724 Cell; willysammi@hotmail.com; www. sanhedringermanshepherds.com

Schnauzer (Giant)

Appearance 10-13” (25.5-33 cm) 12-19 lb (5.5-8.5 kg)

History The Giant Schnauzer may seem a larger copy of the Standard and Miniature Schnauzer, but each breed has its own unique origins. Giant Schnauzers originally come from the mountains of Bavaria and were primarily cattle drovers. Their ancestry is mixed, likely stemming from Great Danes, Bouviers des Flandres and various other droving and shepherd dogs of the time. Mostly found around Munich, he was a popular farm dog from the 15th century until the arrival of railroads made him obsolete. Butchers in town took a liking to the large protective dogs and they became guardians of butcher shops and pubs. Around this time, the breed was crossed with the Standard Schnauzer and called the Munich Schnauzer, later renamed the Giant Schnauzer. Because of their size and bravery, Giant Schnauzers became staunch defenders in both World Wars. Personality Big, bold and full of spirit, the Giant Schnauzer takes his job seriously. At the same time, he is loyal and loving with his family. Intelligent and energetic, he needs a job to keep him happy and thrives on activities Schnauzer (Giant) continued on page 156.




Schapannro’s O Gromit. Best of breed at 2017 Canadian Specialty. Beautiful Schapendoes with a wonderful temperament. Bred by Anne & Robert Harvey, Schapannro Reg’d. Owned by Alida & Luke van den Hoek.

and unlimited support to our puppies’ families. Vet checked with the first vaccination and micro-chipped. Crate trained. Proud member of the CKC and Schapendoes Club of Canada. (905) 936-5986; messyhair@rogers.com; www. messyhairkennels.com

Photo: Lindsayleigh Kennels


Appearance 23-28” (60-70 cm) 75-104 lb (34-47 kg) Harsh, wiry dense outercoat. Soft undercoat. Beard and moustache. Solid black, salt and pepper. Dark mask in salt and pepper colour. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


BC Aerdenhout Perm. Reg’d, Janine Starink. At Aerdenhout we only breed ONE breed. We breed for health, temperament and type! All generations of parents are tested for hips, thyroid, and eyes. Make sure the breeder you decide on does the same. ASK FOR PROOF! It is very important you only buy from a breeder who tells you exactly how the breed is, not what they think you want to hear to make a sale. Giants are a dominant breed and do not belong in all families, and it is important to know if one belongs in yours. Aerdenhout has produced many of the top Giants and in 2015 one of our Giants made Canadian history becoming #1 All Breeds! But in the end the most important thing is that we remain true to the breed standard and that you get the right breed and the right dog for your family, and we like to think we can help you make it so. (604) 729-7797; janine.starink@me.com ON Magisterial Giant Schnauzers Reg’d. At Magisterial, we provide a life-enhancing experience for each of our clients. Our Giant Schnauzer puppies are highly socialized, extremely intelligent, joyful, and raised with children. They have gorgeous good looks, are health and temperament tested, and come home very eager to learn! Your new family member will have been raised in luxury and given nothing but the very best during their crucial first 8 weeks of life. Magisterial Giant Schnauzer puppies will be crate trained, will have begun leash training, and will go home with our exclusive Magisterial 5 year health guarantee and puppy pack, health insurance policy, CKC registration, microchipped, and much more. Magisterial Giant Schnauzers are suitable for: therapy, obedience, agility, show, flyball, service dog training, grooming competitions, etc. Their most important role is being loving, loyal companions to families worldwide, delivering immeasurable amounts of joy, love, and magic! Roblin, ON (613) 4531773; adam@magisterialkennels.com; www. magisterialkennels.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)



History The only Schnauzer breed classified as a terrier, the Miniature Schnauzer worked on farms where he was responsible for reducing rat populations. The breed was created in Germany in the late 1800s when fanciers of the Standard Schnauzer desired a smaller dog of similar type. By crossing the Standard Schnauzer with Miniature Pinschers, Wire Fox Terriers, Affenpinschers and small Poodles, they were able to maintain the Schnauzer type in a smaller size while adding the desired ratting traits. Unlike many terrier breeds, the Miniature Schnauzer did not go to ground when hunting, but dispatched his prey above ground.

SCHNAUZER (STANDARD) Photo: Alice Van Kempen

such as flyball, agility and obedience. He is a natural protector, and needs careful socialization and training at a young age.

ON Classywags Reg’d, Marcia Wright. Happy, healthy puppies. Reservations recommended. (613) 225-5458; info@classywags.com; www. classywags.com Photo: Classywags Reg’d

Schnauzer (Giant)


History This hearty dog is the oldest of the Schnauzer breeds, hailing from as far back as 14th century Germany. A working dog, the Standard Schnauzer’s primary purpose was to guard carts on the way to market, and serve as a multi-purpose farm dog. He became known for his speed and intelligence when herding livestock, and a keen sense of smell that was ideal for hunting vermin.

The breed was brought to North America after the end of World War I. At that point, No longer needed for farm work, the he was still known as the Wire-haired Miniature Schnauzer’s good looks and Pinscher due to his distinctive, wiry coat –pleasant personality made him a desirable perhaps a result of being crossed with other and popular indoor pet. An ideal coarse-haired breeds like the grey Wolfspitz and black German Poodle. But by the 20th companion, he wants to be included in century, he was largely recognized for his everything that goes on. distinguished “schauze” – the German word Personality A bright and charming dog, for snout – and became the Schnauzer as the Miniature Schnauzer is a devoted he’s known today. companion who gets along with children Personality While this breed is still and other dogs. He is fearless and alert and valued for his robust nature, he makes a makes an excellent non-aggressive watchdog. loyal family companion who thrives in a He is friendly and easy to socialize. Regular variety of lifestyles. Energetic and highly exercise is important to keep this active intelligent, the Schnauzer loves to be part fellow occupied. The Miniature Schnauzer of the action and prefers to be surrounded is easy to train and enjoys activities such as by all members of his family. His patience obedience and agility. and sense of humour make him a good companion for children, so long as they’re Appearance 12-14” (30-36 cm) taught to respect his space. It is best to train 9-18 lb (4-8 kg) Schnauzers from a young age to direct their Hard wiry outercoat. Soft close undercoat. natural confidence. Beard and moustache. Salt and pepper, Appearance 17-20” (43-51 cm) black and silver, black. 35-45 lb (15-21 kg) Quick Facts Dense, wiry outer coat with softer undercoat Exercise Requirements and prominent eyebrows and beard. Solid Grooming black or pepper and salt. MB Oak Valley Schnauzers, Roger Main. 30 Years raising Minis with Exclusive bloodlines selectively bred for companions and therapy dogs. All colours, some with smaller size, superior colour. Many of my minis live well into their teens. Generations of repeat customers. Also breeding European Giant Schnauzers occasionally. Salt/Pepper and Blacks. Health guarantee. Vet References and Naturally Reared. Box 268, Oak Lake MB R0M 1P0. (204) 855-2844. www.Pets4you.com/Pages/ OakValley.htmll

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Standard Schnauzer Club of Canada. SSCC is a group of people dedicated to the preservation and promotion of Standard Schnauzers across Canada. Looking for a pup, or interested in joining our club? Please drop us a line, or check out the club website. Standard Schnauzers are wonderful versatile dogs, and we love to show others how great they are. Secretary: Karen Pare at karenparess@gmail.com; www. standardschnauzerclub.com



Setter (English)

ON ISRAELITE KENNEL. Standard schnauzers, raised in home, purebred registered with CKC. Comes with first shots, dewormed, tail docked upon request, declaws. They are pure black. Very loving obedient love children and other dogs, you are welcome to come for a visit. Doug and Mary Lou Webb. dougmarywebb@ gmail.com; 613-659-2974

SCOTTISH DEERHOUND -See Deerhound (Scottish)

SCOTTISH TERRIER History While seeking the “perfect terrier” for his estate in Pembrokeshire, Wales, Captain John Edwards created the Sealyham Terrier. The dog was fast enough to keep up with hounds on the hunt, small enough to go to ground after badgers, brave enough to face whatever prey he might encounter, and white in colour so the hounds wouldn’t mistake him as their prey. Edwards spent four decades during the 1800s putting together his terrier, using Dandie Dinmont Terriers, Wire Fox Terriers, West Highland White Terriers, History Small, feisty dogs have helped Corgis and even Bassets. Scottish highlanders root out prey for The breed’s popularity soared in the 20s centuries. An old breed, the Scottish and 30s, when the Sealyham became the Terrier is likely descended from the “must have” dog of Hollywood celebrities. “earth dogs”, written about by Pliny the Famous people like Humphrey Bogart, Elder in 55 BC. The “Scottie” shares Elizabeth Taylor and Alfred Hitchcock bloodlines with the Cairn Terrier and sported Sealyhams. West Highland White Terrier, but his Personality Despite being a brave and exact origin remains unknown. tenacious hunter, the Sealyham Terrier is In the late 1870s, the Scottish Terrier travelled quite a low-key fellow. He is proud and selfoutside his native Scotland. Soon the little confident, secure of his place in the world. powerhouse was valued as a method of pest A bit of a clown, he loves to entertain his control on many English farms. A decade later, breed criterion was established and owners.

History The name “setter” comes from the practice of “setting”, a game bird hunting style that involves the dog stealthily creeping up on his prey. As this working breed’s name indicates, the English setter has been used all over the U.K. since the 1300s, although it’s believed to be a descendant of the Spanish land spaniel. In the 19th century, Edward Laverack, and later Purcell Llewellin, created breeding programs that led to the development of the English Setter as we know him today on both sides of the Atlantic – a skilled, elegant-looking gun dog who’s a winner in the show ring as well as at field trials. Personality Despite their history as hunters, English Setters are friendly, affectionate and mild-mannered. They enjoy playing with children, make good household companions, and are willing to please. The English Setter loves to run and hunt, and may become a digger and a roamer if allowed free rein. Appearance 24-27” (61-64 cm) 50-70 lb (22.5-31.5 kg) Flat, silky, relatively long coat with feathering. Colouring can range from white mixed with black, orange, lemon or liver, but can also be solid white or tri-colour.

Appearance 10-11” (25.5-28 cm) 18-22 lb (8-10 kg) Hard, wiry outer coat in black, grey, brindle, or wheaten. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


the Scottish Terrier gained popularity for his Appearance 10-12” (25-31 cm) distinguished looks and loyal companionship. 17-25 lb (8-11.5 kg) In the U.S., President Roosevelt’s dog “Fala” Long, hard wiry outercoat. Soft, dense Quick Facts captured public attention throughout the weather-resistant undercoat. All white with Exercise Requirements Depression and WWII. lemon or badger pied markings on head Grooming Personality The Scottish Terrier’s and ears. nickname, “Diehard”, captures the breed’s courage and tenacity. The bold and Quick Facts independent “Scottie” makes a loyal family Exercise Requirements companion and is good with children who Grooming respect his space. He is bright and willing to please, so positive training can shape him into an excellent watchdog, show dog, WHAT’S A PUREBRED DOG? IN CANADA, A earthdog competitor or simply a valued PUREBRED DOG IS DEFINED AS “A DOG OF member of the family.



History The Gordon Setter is a descendant of the setting spaniels that were popular in 15th century Scotland. The black and tan setting dogs were crossed with local dogs to create unique breeds that were suitable for the harsh Scottish terrain. It was the Fourth Duke of Gordon, Alexander, who set the foundation for the Gordon Setter. His kennel dogs became excellent bird hunting dogs, since they had the ability to stealthily track and alert hunters to the location of birds without startling the birds into flight. In the mid-1800s, two direct descendants of the Duke of Gordon’s kennels came to North America and the development of the breed was refined. Personality Both patient and adventurous, the Gordon Setter has all the makings of a good family dog. His loyal qualities make him a decent guard dog, but he is also gentle and affectionate. While he is in his element when on hunting excursions, hiking, long walks, and swimming will also keep him happy. He also enjoys sports, but is known more for his stamina than his speed. Training and socialization can be quite enjoyable with Gordon Setters, since they tend to be well-mannered and sensible. Appearance 23-27” (58.5-68.5 cm) 45-80 lb (20.5-36.5 kg) Soft coat is either straight or slightly wavy. Shiny black fur with tan markings. Long, soft ears.


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming QC Gordonstar, Brigitte Grise. Gordon Setter breeder located in Québec/Canada, show line, hunting line, family-raised puppies, health guarantee and good temperament, you can visit our website for more information and for upcoming litters. Lac Superieur, QC (819) 688-6499; brigitte.grise@cgocable.ca; www.gordonstar.com


Photo: Alice Van Kempen


Photo: Gordonstar Perm. Reg’d

Setter (Gordon)


History The Setter is a specialized birdHistory The origin of setters in Ireland is hunting dog that flushes prey then remains uncertain. As the breed gained popularity still so the hunter can shoot the birds in the early 19th century, Irish Setters without risk of shooting his dog. Irish Setters came in combinations of red and white. were developed in the early 1800s when Occasionally, a puppy would be born gun-hunting became popular. The original with an all-red coat. When breed showing breed was mostly red and white with the became popular in the mid-1800s, the odd all-red dog born in a litter. As showing flashy all-red colouring caught people’s became popular, the all-red colour came attention, and breeders soon sought to into vogue, and the red and white dogs focus on type. They cut out the red and nearly became extinct. white colouring and founded the Irish Red Irish hunters preferred working with the Setter Club in 1882. red and white dogs because they were easily All-red Irish Setters were very popular in seen. Several breeders maintained Irish Red their native Ireland, and in North America and White Setters, with a focus on working where they were excellent gun dogs. In characteristics rather than colour. Today, recent history, breeders have returned nearly all Irish Red and White Setters are their emphasis to the qualities that made steadily gaining popularity around the world. the Irish Setter a successful birding dog. Personality The Irish Red and White Setter Personality A playful happy-go-lucky fellow, the Irish Setter is an upbeat companion whose brilliant red coat is sure to turn heads. He is friendly to all he meets, and always enthusiastic. He has a short attention span, and does best with short training sessions. He needs a lot of exercise to keep him happy. Given his hunting roots, the Irish Setter enjoys active sports like agility, and remains an excellent bird dog. Appearance 21-27” (54-69 cm) 60-75 lb (27-34 kg)


Appearance 22-26” (57-66 cm) 50-75 lb (22-34 kg) Long, straight, silky fine coat with feathering. White with solid red patches.

Moderate length, straight flat coat with Quick Facts feathering. Rich chestnut or mahogany Exercise Requirements red with no trace of black. May have white Grooming markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

legend Very minimal Minimal Average More than average Maximum


is a happy-go-lucky fellow, bursting with energy. He loves the great outdoors, and his high-spirited nature makes him a fun and exciting dog to be around. He needs consistent training, in short bursts suited to his short attention span, and opportunities to burn off his energy.

ON Aislingcudo CKC Perm Reg’d ~ AKC breeders of merit ~ improving the breed since 1993. Our dogs have health clearances before breeding. Our puppies are well socialized and are raised in our home. Our line has excelled in show, obedience, hunting, and agility + Aislingcudo dogs work well as service dogs and of course, make warm and loving pets. (519) 662-4045; aislingcudo@gmail.com www. irishredandwhitesettes.ca Harrison, Gail & Leslie, Caniscaeli Reg’d. Knowledgeable, experienced breeders emphasizing health and good temperament to produce excellent family companions. Homeraised puppies have excelled in conformation, field and obedience. Inquiries welcomed. RR #3, Mitchell, ON N0K 1N0 Telephone (519) 348-8267; caniscaeli@gmail.com; www. caniscaelisetters.com

Sharls Shelties Reg’d. Top quality CKC reg’d. championship bloodlines. Bred for show, performance, and companionship. Happy, Intelligent, Home-raised puppies. Vet checked, microchip, health guarantee, occasionally for sale. All inquiries welcomed. Sharon MacLean, 607 Dorchester Drive, Oshawa, ON. Phone: (905) 728-1352 or sharlsshelties@bell.net; www. sharlsshelties.com


Shih Tzu



Photo: Alice Van Kempen

CH Herdabout Watts Of Fun. Spark-E was in the top 10 agility dogs in Canada 2015. Bred/Owned by Jeff & Kellie Whiteside, Herdabout Perm. Reg’d.

History Natives of the sparsely-vegetated Shetland Islands bred small hardy miniature cattle, dwarf sheep and Shetland Ponies. Since they didn’t require large dogs to maintain their herds, they selectively bred King Charles Spaniels, Yakki dogs from Greenland, and Scandinavian Spitz-type dogs to produce a small sturdy herder. History The Shiba Inu is the smallest At first, there was a lot of variety in these Japanese Spitz-type breed. Bred as a hunter dogs, but in the early 1900s James Loggie of small game, he would be sent out to flush, standardized the Shetland dog’s type, run and hold game until the hunter arrived adding in Collie blood. He introduced the for the kill. While usually used to hunt rabbits, dog in 1906 as the “Shetland Collie”, but grouse and wild boar, there are accounts of when Collie breeders objected, the dog was Shiba Inu hunting bear and deer. The breed’s name comes from the Japanese words for renamed the Shetland Sheepdog. “small” (shiba) and “dog” (inu). Personality A lively and intelligent fellow, the Shetland Sheepdog, or Sheltie, makes a fun In 1928, the Nihon Ken Hozonkai, or family companion who excels in obedience, Nippon, was founded to register and preserve agility and other similar sports. He is a gentle native Japanese dog breeds. It recognized dog who is attached to his family, though is the Shiba Inu as a “national monument” in reserved with strangers. Early socialization is 1936 – a distinctly Japanese dog requiring preservation. The devastation wracked on important to prevent shyness. Japan during World War II decimated the Appearance 13-16” (33-41 cm) dogs. After the war, the Japanese gathered 14-27 lb (6-12 kg) dogs from all over the country in an effort to rebuild its native breeds. The Shiba Inu Long, straight harsh outercoat. Short, furry dense arrived in North America in the late 1900s. undercoat. Mane. Black, blue merle, shades of Personality With an independent cat-like sable, all with various degrees of white and/or tan. personality, the Shiba Inu is affectionate

ON Herdabout Perm. Reg’d, Jeff & Kellie Whiteside. Professional dog trainers raising and breeding structurally sound, genetically health tested Shetland Sheepdogs with excellent temperaments. We stand behind our dogs with an extensive health guarantee and lifetime breeder support. Our puppies are home raised in an enriched environment. We put our puppies through an extensive socialization and handling program to ensure a confident, mentally stable and friendly puppy. Sheltie puppies are available to select homes for show, performance, and companionship. (705) 429-0833; sheltieland@ rogers.com; www.herdaboutshelties.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement above and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

History These little dogs came to be known as “lion dogs” or Shih Tzu. They came to China in the 7th century, where the breed was highly prized by the court. In the late 1800s, the Dowager Empress T’zu His took an interest in the breed, crossing it with the Pekinese and creating the breed type we know today. In the 1920s, Lady Brownrigg brought a pair of Shih Tzu home to England from a visit to China. A few dogs were exported abroad until 1940, when the Communist takeover of China closed the borders to new bloodlines. Only seven dogs and bitches were available for breeding; they are the founders of all existing Shih Tzu. The Shih Tzu is now one of the most popular toy breeds in the world. Personality Used to being a dog of nobility, the Shih Tzu is a friendly loving animal who can be a happy lap dog one moment, and a playful companion the next. Despite his small size, he is sturdy and does well with children. Appearance 8-11” (20-28 cm) 9-16 lb (4-7.5 kg) Long, flowing luxurious outercoat. Dense good undercoat. All colours permissible. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

and playful, yet reserved with strangers. He is vocal and makes a good watchdog, and BC can make a fun and enjoyable companion. Ovations Reg’d. Selective breeding of top champion bloodlines to produce superior Appearance 13-17” (34-42 cm) companion and show puppies with excellent 17-23 lb (7.5-11 kg) Straight stiff outercoat. Soft thick undercoat. Red, black and tan, sesame. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Sierrafox Reg’d, Lindsay Dodd. (403) 586-0519; lindsayjeansweetheart@hotmail.com Smilingbear Shibas Reg’d. Doreen M. Fitchett. Raising the Shiba Inu since 1999. Our fur babies are carefully vet checked and come with a 3 year health guarantee. Pups come from OFA + CERF tested parents. Quality CKC pups at a reasonable price. Hanna, AB. (403) 854-2154; smilbear@ netago.ca; www.smilingbearkennel.weebly.com

temperament and conformation. Veterinarian examined. Written agreement and after sale support. Surrey, BC. (604) 541-2747; Cell (778) 885-4353; ovations.kennel@shaw.ca

ON Chopin Reg’d, Sandra Veitch. We breed our CKC champions in our home to produce well-socialized puppies that come with a health guarantee. Vetchecked, shots and microchipped, as well as CKC, registered. London, ON (519) 474-4387; chopinshihtzureg@hotmail.com Schutzu Reg’d. Karen Schut. Small show kennel dedicated to producing beautiful, healthy, intelligent puppies from Champion lines. Gold/ whites and Black/whites well-socialized Shih Tzu’s

Shih Tzu continued on page 160.




Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Can GCh, Am Ch, MBIG, Schutzu’s Memories of Shente. Tori, Correct elegance with sweetest temperament. Co-Owner Margaret Brown (905) 6879573. Bred/Owned by Karen Schut, Schutzu Reg’d. 241 Freelton Road, Freelton/Hamilton, ON L8B 2Z5

Shih Tzu



to approved homes on non-breeding contracts. Show puppies, foster adults, stud service available occasionally. 241 Freelton Rd, Freelton, ON L8B 2Z5. (905) 659-3922; schutzu. info@gmail.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement on page 159).


History A medium-sized breed that existed in ancient times, the Shikoku hunted deer and boar on the smallest and leastpopulated of Japan’s four islands. In this isolated, mountainous region, Shikoku bloodlines remained pure. This Spitz type is so rare and treasured that in 1937, the Japanese government declared the breed “a national monument”. Personality The Shikoku is alert, tough and energetic – yet owners say he possesses a certain innocence. Calm indoors, especially around his family, he needs an active outdoor life. The Shikoku does have a tendency to dominance, so early socialization is required. A fenced yard provides safety for this unique dog, who, after all, has running in his genes. Appearance 18-20.5” (46-52 cm) 40-60 lb (18-27 kg) Known for his “sesame-coloured”, harsh outer coat. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

SHILOH SHEPHERD - See Rare Breed Directory





History The nomadic Chukchi people of Siberia needed durable dogs capable of pulling sleds or hunting reindeer. Because food was scarce, these sled dogs not only needed great endurance but had to be small enough not to require a lot of nourishment. Known as the Siberian Chukchi, they were first brought to North America in 1909.

History: This breed originated in Australia in the early 1800s, and is a mixture of the Australian and Yorkshire terrier, although the Dandie Dinmont, Cairn and Skye terriers may also figure in the Silky’s ancestry. Two separate standards initially resulted in two names – The Siberian Husky came to the world’s the Sydney Silky terrier and the Victorian notice thanks to Leonhard Seppala, who Silky – but a single standard was adopted with his dog team delivered serum 600 in 1959 and the breed became known as miles to Nome, Alaska in the winter of 1925, the Silky Terrier. Bred as a companion narrowly averting an outbreak of diphtheria. Seppala toured the United States with his dog, he’s also skilled at killing vermin. He famed dogs, including team leader Balto, was brought to North America by WWII who has a statue in New York’s Central Park. soldiers serving in Australia. During his tour, Balto entered several races Personality Because he was bred to and proved the Siberian Husky’s superiority. be a household pet, the Silky Terrier is Since then, the breed has remained popular affectionate, playful and friendly, though in North America. he isn’t known as a lapdog. He’s intelligent, Personality Bred to live and work in a team, alert, curious and lively, can occasionally be the Siberian Husky does not like to be left mischievous and vocal, and may get into alone. He is loving and friendly, playful as trouble if left on his own too long. The a puppy, yet dignified as he matures. With his great endurance, the Siberian Husky Silky is good with kids, but doesn’t like to requires regular exercise. He is a bit of an be teased. escape artist, and requires a securely fenced Appearance 9-10” (23-25 cm) yard to run in. Historically expected to help 8-10 lb (3.5-4.5 kg) earn his own keep, he is an effective hunter of small prey and may not be safe around Coat is long, flat, lustrous, fine and silky (hence the name), with a topknot. Blue with smaller pets like cats. tan markings. Appearance 20-34” (51-60 cm) 35-60 lb (16-27 kg) Medium length, straight soft outercoat. Soft dense undercoat. All colours from black to white. Various markings on the head are common. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Okiok Reg’d, Carol Lindsay. Quality pups, adults. Colour choices. Over 50 years selectively breeding intelligent companions to put love in your life. Socialized, gentle temperament, great conformation, longevity. Training started. Dams and sires on site. Females bred only occasionally. Available for the life of your dog for advice. To caring, permanent, responsible homes. Stud service. All-breed boarding facility, in-floor heat. Private boarding cattery, lots of TLC! Pet shop for all your canine, feline and equine needs. Near Grand Bend. 35619 Salem Rd., RR 8, Parkhill, ON (519) 294-0494

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Maple Leaf Silky Terrier Club, Meredith Reeve. (250) 655-6752; mlstc@silkyterrier-canada.org; www.silkyterrier-canada.org


History As Ireland’s poor man’s hunting dog, the Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier was an effective ratter, herder, hunter and watch dog. In the early 19th century the breed was so common it was considered beneath notice. Because of its lowly heritage, no one took interest in the breed until the 1930s, when a group of fanciers formed a breed club. The dog was initially called the Irish Wheaten Terrier, but the club decided the name was too similar to Irish Terrier, and changed it to Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier. The dogs were first presented at breed shows in their natural coats, only to receive derisive comments that they looked like “walking haystacks”. It was consequently decided to “top and tidy” their coats into the trim now seen in the show ring. The Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier did not gain recognition in North America until the 1970s. Personality Quieter than many smaller terriers, the Wheaten is enthusiastic and obedient. He loves kids, though his energetic nature makes him a better match for older children. He bonds strongly to his family and makes a good watchdog.

Witthaven Wheatens, CKC Reg’d, Natascha Witt. Limited number of healthy, well socialized and beautiful puppies! Born in our home from champion bloodlines. Health testing and guarantee, comprehensive puppy package, lifelong support. Irish and North American coat types. Visit www.witthaven.weebly.com or find us on Facebook. (226) 747-3216; witthaven1@ gmail.com; www.witthaven.weebly.com


Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Rathdrum’s Two Little Bears at 11 months, “Baere.” Champion European lines combining loving temperament with genetic soundness. Rathdrum Wheathens, Maureen Marinelli, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON L0S 1J0.

History When Cocker Spaniels were imported to North America from England, breeders began to select for a different type of dog, choosing smaller animals with more leg and a shorter body. By the Appearance 17-20” (43-49 cm) 1930s, the two breed types had become so 35-45 lb (16-27 kg) different they were split. The original type Soft, silky, waved or curly abundant coat. Any was called the English Cocker Spaniel, and shade of wheaten. the new one the American Cocker Spaniel Quick Facts (or just Cocker Spaniel in the US). Exercise Requirements Because he was both an excellent family Grooming dog and useful hunter’s companion, the ON Cocker Spaniel’s popularity soared. As McCartney Ron, Ultrasound Reg’d. Happy, demand increased, many unscrupulous healthy well-socialized puppies. Focused on breeders sprung up and the breed suffered Health Testing and Temperament. To approved from temperamental and constitutional homes only. Breeder of CKC registered Purebred problems. Dedicated breeders worked to dogs for 43 years. Reasonable prices. RR 4, promote and maintain sound breeding Owen Sound, ON N4K 5N6. Home (519) 794practices, preserving a true breed type and 3456; Cell (226) 668-6031; ultrasoundkennel@ temperament. The breed remains popular gmail.com; www.ultrasoundkennels.com to this day.

Appearance 13-15” (33-38 cm) 15-30 lb (7-14 kg) Medium length, silky, flat or wavy outercoat. Undercoat adequate for protection. Ears, chest, abdomen, legs well feathered. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming BC Aladdin Reg’d. Breeders of quality black, black/ tan and buff American Cocker Spaniels for Performance, Pet or Show. All breeding dogs are health tested OFA (eyes, hips and patellas) and PRA-prcd clear. Carol Edwards (250) 5455269; spaniels@telus.net; http://aladdinacs.net. ON Brinlook Reg’d, Doug Batty. American Cocker Spaniels. All colours but chocolate. Home raised. Top quality, long history of cockers. Puppies available occasionally. Aylmer, ON. N5H 3E8 (Box 405), (226) 268-0405 Calowa Kennels, Lorraine Smith. Beachville, ON. (519) 423-6049; calowakennels@hotmail. com; www.calowakennels.com Countrydream’s Reg’d, Cindy Bousfield. Well socialized puppies and adults, health and temperament guaranteed, SLT yearly. Selectively bred, Champion bloodlines from American/ Canadian lines. Home raised puppies with love. 244 Meadows Rd, Cayuga, ON N0A 1E0 (905) 772-3538; bousfield@xplornet.com; http://countrydreamscockers.tripod.com/


History Developed in the Brittany region of France, the first Brittany dogs were recorded in the town of Pontou in the mid1800s, and were used for hunting and retrieving birds. Small and naturally bobtailed, the Brittany’s stocky compact frame and vigorous hunting ability made Rathdrum Wheatens, Maureen Marinelli. Personality A well bred American him one of the most popular hunting dogs Happy, home-raised puppies from champion Cocker Spaniel has a sweet easy-going in France. The breed type wasn’t settled European lines noted for health. Breeding on a Spaniel (Brittany) continued on page 162. small, select scale. Thorough health testing of temperament. He is happy, trusting and




and temperament. CKC registered, homeraised puppies from health-screened, champion lines. Well-socialized, healthy, companion puppies available occasionally to approved homes. Written health guarantee. Please call to arrange a visit. Elmira, ON; 519669-1007; wheat.n.honey@gmail.com; www. wheat-n-honey.com

Spaniel (Brittany)

intelligent, easy to train and good at a range of dog sports like agility, flyball and obedience. He is big enough to enjoy long walks, swims and hikes, yet small enough to be portable when travelling. After enjoying Wheat n’ Honey Reg’d, Donna Smith. some exercise, the American Cocker Selectively bred for great health, conformation Spaniel is happy to sit back and relax. parents and pups. Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON L0S 1J0. (905) 327-7722; rathdrumwheatens@gmail. com; www.rathdrumwheatens.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

Photo: Rivermist Brittanys


When the Brittany Spaniel came to North America in the 1930s, hunters preferred a lighter-bodied dog with a longer leg. Over time, American and French breeding stock differed enough in shape and hunting style that some clubs now separate the two and consider them different breeds. American Brittany Spaniels are discouraged from Appearance 17-20” (43-51 cm) having the black colouring acceptable in 55-85 lb (25-38.5 kg) French Brittanys. Medium-length coat is silky, straight, and Personality An excellent hunter who dense. Well-feathered around legs and loves the outdoors, the Brittany Spaniel chest. Primarily white with orange or lemon is a delightful fellow, quite happy to markings. Freckles are common. relax once his work is done. He settles in well with family activities, and loves to Quick Facts be around his people. With a keen mind Exercise Requirements and desire to please, the Brittany Spaniel Grooming is easy to train. He is a happy dog who is always ready to have fun and be part of his SPANIEL (ENGLISH COCKER) people’s lives.

Dense, flat or wavy coat. Feathering. Liver and white, orange and white, tricolour (liver and white with orange markings). Markings may be clear or roan. May have ticking. French lines may be black and white. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


Photo: Tricklecreek Clumber Spaniels Perm. Reg’d


History There are several theories about the origins of the Clumber Spaniel, but what we know for certain is that this breed was popular amongst 18th Century English nobility. The Clumber Spaniel was imported either from Spain or from France, and became a favourite of princes, kings, and dukes as a game fowl hunter. The breed earned its name from Clumber Park, which was an estate owned by the English Duke of Newcastle who was quite fond of this Spaniel. Some early ancestors of the Clumber may have been the Basset Hound and the Alpine Spaniel.

Photo: Nonnies Perm. Reg’d

Appearance 17.5-20.5” (44-52 cm) 30-40 lb (13-19 kg)

History Described in 1677 as dogs with “active feet, wanton tail, and busy nostrils”, the term “spaniel” became a common name for bird-hunting dogs originating in Spain. These avid hunters spread across Europe. By 1800, spaniels had been divided into land and water spaniels, with their specific names deriving from their jobs. At first, many types might be born from the same litter, and were selected by size. The smallest were called Cocker Spaniels for their ability to hunt small fowl such as woodcock. The breed type was not set until the late 1800s.

as his person is there. He likes to retrieve and is a quick study. Many English Cocker Spaniels excel in dog sports and games like obedience, rally, agility and flyball. Appearance 15-17” (38-43 cm) 26-34 lb (12-16 kg) Medium-length, flat or slightly wavy, silky double coat. Well feathered. Various colours including: black, red, liver, golden, black and tan, tricolour, blue roan, liver roan, red roan, orange roan or lemon roan. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Nonnies Perm. Reg’d, Vickie & Dave Umpleby. Breeding quality English Cocker Spaniels since 1997. Our cockers make wonderful family pets also excelling in conformation shows, obedience trials and as medical alert service dogs. Breeder of many top winning champions. Beautiful dogs with sweet and happy dispositions, intelligence and excellent health. Puppies occasionally with a written guarantee. (905) 936-5399; vumpleby@ aol.com; www.nonniescockers.ca


Photo: Nanjay Perm. Reg’d

Spaniel (Brittany)

until 1908. In spite of being called a “spaniel”, the Brittany functions more like a small setter or pointer. Indeed, the AKC has removed “spaniel” from the breed’s name.

dog who has good endurance, but likes to take his time. He spreads out his stamina rather than maintaining a high level of energy. This breed is sweet, affectionate, and mellow and is content to stroll along or lounge with his family. He also loves to swim, and his retriever instincts make him great at playing fetch. Bred to be a working and sporting dog, the Clumber Spaniel is happiest when he is enjoying the great outdoors. He sometimes may require socialization training with strangers because he can be protective but his intelligence and mild manners makes all training easy. He responds especially well to a gentle approach.

History Early spaniels were named according to their size and the jobs they did. The smallest were Cocker Spaniels, mid-sized were Field Spaniels, and the largest were Springer Spaniels. All three sizes could be born in the same litters, and sometimes dogs would change types as they outgrew their old standards. This proved confusing at times, and in the late 1800s the three types were separated and interbreeding banned. The English Springer Spaniel was officially named a breed in 1902. Breeders brought it to North America in 1907, where it faced difficult competition with pre-existing pointers and setters. Interest in the breed increased in 1922 when the English Springer Spaniel Field Trial Association was founded. Over time, a division between field-bred and show-bred lines developed; stronger working instincts and more white coverage are typical of working lines.

The Cocker Spaniel came to North America in the 1870s. While breeders continued to select for sporting ability, over time some chose to breed for a smaller shorter-legged type, while others chose to maintain the British type. Eventually, the two styles of Cocker Spaniel were so differentiated that separate registries were required by 1940. Breeders of English Cocker Spaniels selected for taller lighter-coated dogs that retain their hunting instincts. Personality Thanks to their similar heritage, Personality Happy and easy to get along the English Springer Spaniel is much like the with, the English Cocker Spaniel loves to do English Cocker Spaniel in personality. He is Personality Slow but steady wins the race. just about anything. Whether it’s going for a happy and easy-going, a quick learner, and The Clumber Spaniel is a good family long walk or taking a bath, he’s happy as long deeply bonded to his family. He loves to swim 160


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Roman Kennels. English Springer Spaniels (European blood lines, field and show style). 30 years of breeding, training and showing experience. Breeding healthy, intelligent dogs, willing to please, with all potential to become great family or hunting companion. Focusing on comeback of ‘’roan color gene’’, including liver roan and blue roan coat coloring. You are always welcome to contact us with your questions about these beautiful breed. (905) 778-3647 (DOGS); (416) 917-5293; romansaly@gmail.com; www.romansaly.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) Ruskate Reg’d, Bonnie Bristow. English Springer Spaniels - Since 1989 - Temperament-Plus,Show/ Companion Quality puppies - With Classic Springer Style - Written Guarantee - Black and white, and liver and white raised with lots of TLC on fresh country sunshine. Like us on Facebook. 8667 10th Line Essa Township, RR#2, Barrie, Ontario, L4M 4S4 (705) 733-5768; bonniebristow@sympatico.ca; http:// ruskate-kennels.com; https://www.facebook.com/ Ruskate-Registered-Kennels-375095725889757/

Photo: Alice Kempen


History Water spaniels have been used in Ireland for centuries to retrieve waterfowl felled by hunters. In the 1930s, Irishman Justin McCarthy bred his dog Boatswain, a typical southern Irish Water Spaniel, in what was either an effort to resurrect a dying breed that had existed since the early 16th century, or create a new breed of Irish Water Spaniel, utilizing a variety of bloodlines he kept secret all his life. Likely prospects for this breeding program included Poodle/Barbet type dogs and Portuguese Water Dogs. The resulting breed remained remarkably true to type, and completely distinct from other dogs. The Irish Water Spaniel is an excellent waterfowl hunter, with fanciers in both his native Ireland and North America. With a unique water-resistant coat that keeps him


Appearance 17-19” (43-49 cm) 35-45 lb (16-21 kg) Straight, flat, soft weatherproof coat. Moderate feathering. Rich red and white colouring. Any pattern is acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Spinone Italiano

Medium-length, straight water-resistant outercoat. Short, soft dense undercoat. Moderate feathering. Black and white, liver and white, tricolour (liver or black and white with tan), blue or liver roan.

people, though without good socialization he can be shy of strangers.

AB Shore’N Cliff Welsh Springer Spaniels, Bruce & Nola Stigings. Home-raised and field-bred Welsh Springer Spaniels. Bred from US & European championship bloodlines. Superb pets and amazing field dogs that flush birds. Contact us to reserve a puppy from an upcoming litter. Red Deer County. (403) 227-4632; bnstigings@live. ca; www.springerspanieldogs.ca ON Upland Creek Reg’d Lawrence and Mary Labatt. Home raised and field bred Welsh Springer Spaniels. Bred for health and temperament our dogs are family pets, companionship dogs, therapy dogs, and companion gundogs. RR 1, Concession 8, ENR, Clear Creek, ON N0E 1C0. (519) 586-8514 labatt@xplornet.com, www. uplandcreek.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)


History Like English Cocker and English Springer Spaniels, the Welsh Springer Spaniel comes from mixed birding-bred spaniel stock common to Europe in the 15th to 19th centuries. During this time, all spaniel types were interbred, with preference given to hunting ability over breed type. When litters arrived, puppies would be separated by size and type. In Wales, smaller dogs with characteristic deep red and white colouring, a more tapered head and smaller ears were called Welsh Springers.

History The Spinone Italiano, or Italian Pointer, is an ancient hunting breed popular in Italy during the 16th and 17th centuries. His great appeal even earned him a spot in Italian frescoes and paintings. As a gundog, the Spinone was a cautious and discreet hunter, famous for his excellent nose and ability to endure harsh climates and terrains. Today, the Spinone is a versatile hunter, In the late 1800s, various types of English retriever and companion dog who enjoys a spaniel were separated and interbreeding variety of sports and activities. was forbidden. Over time, each breed Personality The Spinone Italiano lives up became unique. By 1906, the Welsh to his reputation as a reliable and noble dog. Springer Spaniel was officially recognized. This all-purpose breed is loyal, friendly, and The breed came to North America in the intelligent and is good with children and early 1900s, but didn’t catch on and was other animals. The Spinone can be both virtually extinct by the end of the Second playful and docile, and is happiest when World War. Breed fanciers imported fresh spending time with his family. People of all bloodlines and brought the Welsh Springer ages are drawn to his unique appearance Spaniel back to sustainable numbers. and many comment on his soft, almost Personality A lovely mix between hunting human-like eyes. dog and couch potato, the Welsh Springer Appearance Height: 22-27.5” (56-70 cm) Spaniel is equally happy working or Weight: 62-86 lb (28-39 kg) relaxing at home. Because he was bred as a birding dog, his hunting instincts are excellent. Outdoors he’s a tireless explorer. Spinone Italiano continued on page 164. He is easy to train and very attached to his




Appearance 19-20” (48-51 cm) 40-50 lb (18-23 kg)

warm even in the coldest conditions, and webbed toes that allow him to swim with great efficiency, he is a true water dog. Although not highly popular, he has a strong following as a proficient hunter and fun-loving friend. Personality He’s full of clownish antics, so training the young Irish Water Spaniel may seem an exercise in futility. As he matures, however, he shows an amazing retention for lessons he showed no signs of learning in his youth. Though somewhat reserved with strangers, he’s boldly affectionate to those he cares about most. Bred to work long hours in cold, sometimes miserable conditions, the Irish Water Spaniel benefits from plenty of exercise rain or shine, and never hesitates to jump into the nearest pond or puddle. Appearance 20-24” (51-61 cm) 45-65 lb (20-30 kg) Double coat with abundant hair falling in tight, crisp ringlets or waves. Solid liver. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

and play, and is sure to end up wet if a pond or puddle can be found. With regular exercise, the Springer is ready to relax at home, enjoying a comfy snooze on his bed. Because of his deep family bond, the English Springer Spaniel does not like to be left alone at home.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Coat can be flat, slightly crimped or wiry, and Grooming Shorthaired is tough and dense. Distinguished beard and Longhaired moustache. Colours include white, white with brown or orange markings, brown STAFFORDSHIRE roan, and brown roan with brown markings.


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Photo: Alice Van Kempen


History The Hospice du Grand St. Bernard of Switzerland is home to the St. Bernard dog. Named for Bernard of Menthon, an Augustine Monk who established the monastery some 1,000 years ago as a rest point for travellers, the St. Bernard started out as a draft and guard dog in the 1600s. These large dogs were exceptional rescuers, scenting trapped travelers under several feet of snow. A combination of inbreeding, loss and disease led to the near extinction of the breed by 1830. In an effort to save it, the monks brought in other breeds like the Newfoundland, resulting in a larger and longer-coated variety of St. Bernard. Because dogs with long coats became weighted down with snow, the monks gave away their longerhaired puppies. The first breeding of St. Bernards outside the monastery began in 1855 in Switzerland, and produced both long and short-haired puppies. Today, there are three breed standards: a modified version of the 1884 standard used in the United States, the English standard, and a much revised Swiss standard developed in 1993.



Personality Big, friendly and patient with children, the St. Bernard is truly a people dog. Though he can be aloof with strangers, particularly if not socialized, he generally loves everyone equally. As with all big dogs, early training is important when he is young as he grows quickly. Appearance 26-36” (65-90 cm) 120-200 lb (55-91 kg) Shorthaired: coarse, smooth, dense close-lying outercoat; profuse undercoat. Longhaired: medium-length, plain to slightly wavy outercoat; profuse undercoat. 162


History The origins of the Swedish Vallhund are uncertain. The breed is similar to the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, and some theories suggest it was brought to Wales by marauding Vikings and became the foundation of the Corgi breed. Others believe Corgis came first, and that they were brought back to Scandinavia to become the progenitors of the Vallhund. History Staffordshire Bull Terriers have a Whatever his origin, the Swedish Vallhund long history as fighting dogs, starting in was a hardworking multipurpose farm dog Roman times. By crossing large Mastiffs with in Sweden, and an adept drover, ratter and Terriers, a smaller yet brave and fierce dog watchdog. was produced that could manage bulls for butchers or hold wild boar or bear for In the 1930s, the Vallhund might have hunters. Because of their strength and died out if not for Karl-Gustav Zettersten ferocity, these dogs were a favourite of bull- and Count Björn von Rosen, who worked and bear-baiting rings, and later in the together gathering what dogs they could “sport” of dog fighting. When this was find to rebuild the breed. The breed was banned in the 1930s, Joseph Dunn officially recognized in 1948. The Vallhund preserved the breed, renaming it the dog arrived in North America in the late Staffordshire Bull Terrier to separate it from 1980s. The breed is known as Västgötaspets in Sweden, named for the province of the Bull Terrier. Västergötland. His fighting days over, he was selected by breeders for good temperament, and the Personality A natural showoff, the breed continued to be popular among the cheerful Vallhund is happy to be alive, and working classes. Most Staffordshire Bull doesn’t hesitate to tell you. He is clever and Terriers in North America didn’t arrive until takes to training quickly. Early socialization after the Second World War. The breed is important to keep the Swedish Vallhund wasn’t recognized in Canada until 1952. from becoming overprotective as he Personality Gentle and playful, few would matures. His even temperament makes him guess at the Staffordshire Bull Terrier’s past. a pleasure to be around, and he is good He adores his family, especially the children, with other pets and children as long as he and has even been nicknamed the “Nanny is properly socialized. Dog”. Quite intelligent, he is very capable of learning tricks. Early socialization is beneficial, Appearance 12-14” (30-36 cm) particularly with other dogs and animals. 20-35 lb (9-16 kg) Appearance 14-16” (35-41 cm) Medium-length, harsh, tight water-repellent 24-38 lb (11-17 kg) outercoat. Wooly, soft dense undercoat. Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Spinone Italiano

Neck ruff. Red and white in various shades of red and varying amounts of each colour, brindle and white. White markings.

Short, smooth, close coat. Red, fawn, white, Steel grey, greyish brown, reddish yellow, black, blue, brindle, may be mixed with white. reddish brown, black sable with lighter shading. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Quick Facts Grooming Exercise Requirements ON Barkey Sylvia, Rolona Reg’d. Breeder of the most-titled Stafford in the world. Rolona has been producing winners both in the show ring and more importantly in family homes since 1976. Toad Hall, RR 6, Claremont, ON L1Y 1A3. (905) 649-3718; email: sybarkey@gmail.com




Tibetan Terrier


Photo: Alice Van Kempen

History The Tibetan Mastiff is the consummate guardian – the protector of his family, home and livestock. These dogs are famous for their role as sentinels of Tibetan monasteries. During Marco Polo’s 13th century explorations, he recorded seeing “dogs as big as donkeys”. It is this sturdy, ancient breed that engendered the Newfoundland, the Great Pyrenees, the Dogue de Bordeaux and the Great Dane. In the late 1800s, Queen Victoria received a Tibetan Mastiff as a gift. The Dalai Lama presented a pair of them to U.S. President Eisenhower in the 1950s, and the breed finally got established in North America in the 1970s. Personality The Tibetan Mastiff displays affection only to his family since his role is to protect. He is intelligent and independent. The puppies are quite playful so this is the perfect time to socialize them. The Tibetan Mastiff is powerful, and while he does not require rigorous exercise, he does need “purpose” and room to romp. A fenced yard is a must – ideally in a rural setting, as he can be a nocturnal barker. The Tibetan Mastiff suits a confident, informed person or family who appreciates his time-honoured role as defender of those he loves. Appearance 24-26” (61-66 cm) 75-160 lb (34-72.5 kg)

History The Tibetan Spaniel is not a true spaniel but shares ancestry with other Oriental lap dogs such as Pekingese, Shih Tzu and Lhasa Apso. Tibetan monks kept them as watchdogs and companions. Legend suggests Tibetan Spaniels were trained to turn the monks’ prayer wheels. Considered lucky, the dogs were never sold, and very rarely given as gifts.

History This storied breed originated in the Lost Valley of Tibet. Considered a holy dog that bestowed good fortune, the Tibetan Terrier was not to be sold, only presented as a gift. This breed is not a terrier, however. Descending from the ancient North Kunlun Mountain Dog and Inner Mongolian Dog, the Tibetan Terrier was a robust herder of sheep; perhaps his size and agility suggested a terrier Though one or two may have left the bloodline. As well as herding, this breed provided protection and companionship monasteries before the 20th century, the for Tibetan monks. first Tibetan Spaniels to come to Great Britain and catch the public’s eye were It was the Dalai Lama who presented a brought by medical missionaries in the Western doctor with some “TTs”, and along 1920s. Plainer than other types of lap with other pups she’d received from a patient, Dr. Agnes Grieg established a kennel dog, they didn’t gain much of a following in her native England. There, the Tibetan at first. But interest grew in England after Terrier was formally recognized in 1937. the Second World War, when they became firmly established as show dogs and pets. In North America, the Tibetan Terrier Tibetan Spaniels came to North America in gained notice in the 1970s. They likely contributed to other Tibetan breeds that the mid-1960s and were finally recognized enjoy popularity today, namely the Lhasa in 1983. Apso and the Shih Tzu. Personality A born watchdog, the Tibetan Spaniel loves to find a high place to watch for strangers and warn his family. He is very attached to his owners, but at the same time independent in nature. Playful and very intelligent, the Tibetan Spaniel gets much of his exercise playing games with his people. Lots of socialization is important to accustom him to different people and places.

Personality The Tibetan Terrier is a quick, intelligent student, so stimulating training keeps him from getting bored. Good with children, cheerful and loyal, he makes as fine a companion in a city condo as he does in the countryside. Naturally protective, he likes to bark, but less so than most true terriers.

Silky outercoat. Fine dense undercoat. All colours and combinations acceptable.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Weather-resistant, double coat. Black, black Appearance 10” (25 cm) and tan, or golden. 9-15 lb (4-7 kg) Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

NOT SURE WHICH BREED IS RIGHT FOR YOU? VISIT CanadianDOGS.com/top-dogs-lifestyle/

Appearance 14-16” (34-41 cm) 18-30 lb (8-13.5 kg) Thick, long outer coat in any colour or combination of colours. The nose must be black. Large, round feet act as winter “snowshoes”.

SK Aisha Reg’d, Pat Delmorme. 40+ years breeding and showing Tibetan Terriers for excellence in temperament, soundness and type. Tibetan Terriers are extremely versatile dogs, capable of activities such as obedience, rally, agility and conformation as our dogs have demonstrated. (306) 789-0006; delormegp@sasktel.net; http:// aishatibetanterriers.ca





breedings focus on health and personality. Test results and health certificates provided. Puppies receive early training, also carrier training. Companion & show quality to approved homes. Advice available to purchasers. New CKC registered breeding & showing assistance, as well as education & councelling for new CKC breeders available. References available. Inquiries welcome. Worldwide shipping available. 27-1300 King Street #281, Oshawa, ON L1H 8J4. (905) 725-2637


Appearance 8.5-11.5” (21.5-29 cm) 3.5-7 lb (1.5-3 kg) Short, flat coat that requires little grooming. Slight neck ruff. Coat is usually glossy and predominately white. Tricolour (black, tan, white or chocolate, tan, white), as well as white and tan or white and black blends. Can also be all white. Erect, pointed ears.


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Roeders TFT’s Perm. Reg’d, Cynthia Roeder. They are a very loving breed. And are very comical. They love to be active which makes them good competitors in Agility/Rally/ Obedience and of course Conformation. My dogs are registered with CKC/UKC/AKC. I do place adults from time to time. Do have puppies available for pet and show homes! (403) 580-2577; roederstft@hotmail.com ON Loving Angels Reg’d, Joan Hamel. Puppies and adults are home raised and entered into public educational and competitive venues. Planned



Onpoint Perm Reg’d, John Reid. With over 35 years of experience with the family, hunting, and field companion, we are Canada’s only kennel to win five US National Field Championships. Our puppies, born and raised in our home, come with a five-year written health guarantee. 72 Hutchison Rd, Mallorytown ON K0E 1R0 (613) 659-4888; onpointvizslas@outlook.com; www.onpointvizslas.com


Photo: Alice Van Kempen

History The Toy Fox Terrier is a North American darling. The breed originated in the U.S., when breeders crossed the Smooth Fox Terrier with various toy breeds, including the Chihuahua, Miniature Pinscher, and Manchester Terrier. The resulting breed retained the game instincts of the terrier and the more mellow characteristics and smaller size of the toy breeds. Personality The blend of toy and terrier breeds makes the Toy Fox Terrier a wellrounded dog. This little lap dog has the devotion and affection of the toy breeds and the athletic hunting instincts of the terriers. Highly energetic and intelligent, this dog easily masters tricks and loves to entertain. Toy Fox Terriers are very social and love to spend time engaging in activities with their families. Their independent streaks mean they can be finicky, but it also means they have distinct and unique personalities. Toy Fox Terriers are very well-suited to high agility sports, such as Frisbee and flyball. Their size and friendly temperament make them good travelling companions.

or best friend. 8066 5th Line, RR 1, Angus, ON L0M 1B1. (705) 424-0502. chukarkennels@ gmail.com

History The Vizsla is one the oldest sporting and birding dogs – the breed has been documented as early as the mid-13th century. Used by the nomadic Magyar tribes of the Russian Steppes, the Vizsla is a hunter, pointer and retriever rolled into one. Over the centuries, various hounds and pointers were added to the foundation Vizsla stock. Vizslas were companions to early Hungarian warlords, barons and kings. This aristocratic connection made the Vizsla a target during the many upheavals that ripped across Hungary, and the breed nearly became extinct after World War II. Several fleeing aristocrats smuggled their precious dogs and pedigree records out of the country. Modern Vizslas are descended from these refugees, who were established in kennels in Europe and North America. In 1987, a Vizsla captured the first triple American championship for conformation, field trial and obedience. Personality Naturally energetic, the noble Vizsla is a hunter at heart, and requires lots of exercise to keep happy. He gets along with other dogs and animals, and can be excellent with older children. Active socialization at a young age can be beneficial. Appearance 21-25” (53-64 cm) 44-66 lb (20-30 kg) Short, smooth, dense close-lying coat. Shades of golden rust. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Chukar Reg’d, Ildiko & Garry Hughes. Since 1986. We pride ourselves on home-raised, well socialized, happy and healthy puppies. Fully guaranteed. Truly versatile for show, hunting

Photo: Alice Van Kempen

Photo: Loving Angels Reg’d

Toy Fox Terrier


History A dog of Hungarian origin, the Wire-Haired Vizsla was developed through the early to mid-1900s by breeding the Vizsla and the German Coarse-Haired Setter. Though the Smooth-Coated Vizsla made an excellent hunting dog, hunters wanted a breed with a thicker coat and more solid build to withstand colder temperatures. The Wire-Haired Vizsla was soon recognized for his keen nose and excellent swimming and pointing skills. World War II nearly caused the extinction of both forms of the Vizsla breed, but breeding continued and the Wire-Haired Vizsla was preserved. It was brought to North America nearly two decades later, where it was recognized as a breed in 1977. Personality The Wire-Haired Vizsla is a sensitive dog that responds well to training. A positive approach is best, as he is sensitive to punishment. The Vizsla loves to swim and participate in other outdoor activities. He typically bonds closely to his family, and can develop separation anxiety if not properly socialized from a young age and exercised regularly. Extremely loyal, the Vizsla will protect when necessary, but is generally very affectionate. Due to his versatility, this breed also excels in field trials and obedience competitions. Appearance 21-25” (53-64 cm) 48.5-66 lb (22-30 kg) Tough, wiry, close-lying coat with prominent, bushy eyebrows and beard. Dark, sandy yellow. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History A truly exclusive breed, the Weimaraner was created by the Grand Duke Karl August of Weimar, Germany, as an allpurpose gun dog for the nobility. Perfected around 1810, the breed was a closely guarded treasure, with breeding and ownership strictly protected. The Weimaraner was recognized in Germany in 1896, and its breed club formed a year later. Ownership was restricted to club members. In the 1920s, American Howard Knight became a member of the club and brought a breeding pair to the U.S. The breed continued exclusive until the 1940s, when its skill as a gun dog brought it to the public’s eye. Modern Weimaraners continue to be excellent athletes with many top dogs having championships in both the show ring and the field. Personality Quick to learn, the Weimaraner is an energetic dog who can handle many situations. He is friendly, obedient and affectionate with his family. As an athlete, nothing makes him happier than lots of exercise and attention from his people. The Weimaraner makes a loving and enjoyable companion. Appearance 22-28” (57-70 cm) 55-88 lb (25-40 kg) Shorthaired: short, dense and smooth. Longhaired: long, flat or slightly wavy. Solid in colour ranging from mouse-grey to silver-grey. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming: Shorthaired Longhaired ON Almamater Reg’d, Gisela Tundis. Top quality pups. Over 23 years of experience. Both parents OFA hip certified. We pride ourselves in producing family raised Weimaraners found in the show ring, obedience trials, agility, or on the couch! Our goal with each litter is to produce healthy, mentally sound, good-looking puppies, hard workers but who can relax in front of the fireplace at home when the day is done! Pups come vet checked with first set of shots, dewormed, health guarantee, microchipped, CKC registered and lifetime of breeder support. We are members of Canadian kennel club, Weimaraner Association of Canada and Weimaraner Club of America. Am Can Ch stud service available. MILTON, ON L0P1J0. giselatundis@yahoo.com; (905) 8051378; www.amweimaraners.com

CH EAST DAWN VICTORY RIDGE CD CGN RAE HAs SDAs HSd, call name Daisy-May. Daisy-May is the only Cardigan in Canada to have a Versatility Championship. Bred/owned by Lore Lee Bruder, Bluetrix Reg’d.

History With a history that may date back to 1,000 BC, the Welsh Corgi’s name probably derives from the Celtic word for dog, “corgi”. Others believe the name comes from a combination of “cor” (dwarf) and “gi” (dog). Corgi were used as cattle dogs. They herded cows with a technique called heeling; their short stature allowed them to nip at the cows’ heels without being kicked. The Welsh Corgi comes in two types: the Cardigan (long-tailed) and the Pembroke (tailless). Cardigan Welsh Corgis are stockier and longer than the Pembroke type. The Cardigan also has larger rounder ears and comes in a wider range of acceptable colours.

History Theories about the origin of Welsh Corgis abound. One suggests they might have been Vallhunds who arrived with the Vikings; another that Vallhunds descend from Corgis taken as spoils during Viking raids. Corgis were used by the Celts as cattle dogs. By nipping at the heels of cows, Corgis drove them further apart, spreading them across the countryside and helping the Welsh lay claim to larger stretches of common land. Later, traditional herding dogs were needed to keep the herd together, and the Welsh Corgi lost his job. Welsh Corgis continued as popular farm pets, though, and Queen Elizabeth II owns several, all descendants of a pair of puppies given by King George VI to his daughters.

Personality The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is an intelligent dog who is easy to train and loves to have a job. He is devoted to his family, and loves to spend time with them as much as possible. Early socialization helps him deal with unfamiliar situations and makes him safe with children. Cardigan Welsh Corgis do well in a variety of living situations, as long as they get adequate exercise and attention.

Personality The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is playful and affectionate, bonding closely with his people. He is an athletic dog, and enjoys long walks and the mental stimulation of dog sports. He is responsive and enthusiastic about training, learning quickly and retaining what he learns.

Appearance 10-13” (27-32 cm) 25-38 lb (11-17 kg)

Longish coarse outercoat. Short, thick weather-resistant undercoat. Red, sable, fawn, or black and tan. May have white markings.

Short or medium-length, dense, slightly harsh weather resistant outercoat. Short, soft thick undercoat. Slight ruff. Any colour, with or without white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Bluetrix Perm. Reg’d, Lore Lee Bruder. Bluetrix Cardigans are in home raised at the foot of the Rockies on a working ranch. National club member since 1991. We only breed the occasional litter. Lots of good breed and contact information on the Canadian Cardigan Corgi Club website. www.bluetrixcardigan.ca (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement above).

Welsh Corgi (Penbroke)


Appearance 10-12” (25-31 cm) 20-30 lb (9-13.5 kg)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON KenDelee Perm. Reg’d, Delilah KennedyToussaint. Welcome to KenDelee’s Welsh Corgis. Breeding since 1987 with many BPIS and BIS, as well as many Group wins. All my breeding dogs are health tested and all pups come with lifetime support from me, the breeder. 2 year health guarantee. (705) 344-5810; kendelee@ sympatico.ca; www.kendeleecorgis.com

WELSH SPRINGER SPANIEL -See Spaniel (Welsh Springer)





Photo: Alice Van Kempen


Welsh Terrier



longevity. Always beloved family members. True ambassadors, award-winning conformation (multi-titled), obedience, CGC, registered therapy dogs. Written guarantee, lifetime return policy, continued breeder support and comprehensive puppy package. Occasionally adolescents/mature adults. Member CWHWTC, WHWTCA, CKC. Delivery available. PO Box 940, Harrow (Windsor Area), ON N0R 1G0 (519) 736-9411; miladywesties@hotmail.com

WHIPPET History The Welsh Terrier likely inherited his bold spirit from the Old English Terrier, an ancient black-and-tan dog esteemed for hunting otter, fox and badger. From this strain, Welsh hunters developed a dog with longer legs and a wider girth. Early British sporting prints of the 1700s show dogs of this description. But in the 19th century show ring, all Old English Terriers fell under the same classification – at least until 1888 when a sturdy, long-legged dog named Dick Turpin outshone his competitors and the Welsh claimed him as one of their own. The Kennel Club concurred, and Welsh Terrier fanciers have Dick Turpin’s DNA to thank for the handsome, whiskered gent they admire today. Personality Lively and curious, the Welsh Terrier thrives with an active family who enjoys sharing his energy. His eager, intelligent mind responds to positive, short bursts of regular training. Socialization from an early age will keep the Welsh Terrier well-mannered and confident. He benefits, too, from having a large, safe yard. When he is played-out, the Welsh Terrier wants nothing more than to relax with his people. Appearance 15” (38 cm) 20-21 lb (9-9.5 kg) Wiry, close, abundant coat. Black-and-tan, or black, grizzle-and-tan coat. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming




History One of several short-legged terriers bred in Scotland, the West Highland White Terrier, or Westie, originated some 300 years ago. Breeders selected white puppies from their litters and crossed them together to produce an all-white terrier whose colour would distinguish him from the terrain and game. The Westie we know came from a line of white terriers bred by the Malcolm family in Poltalloch, Argyllshire. A second strain of terriers was bred by the Duke of Argyll in Roseneath. “Poltalloch Terriers” and “Roseneath Terriers” were shown together; judges favoured the Poltalloch dogs and they became the recognized breed type. Colonel Malcolm came up with a new name for the breed in 1907 – the West Highland White Terrier. Westies came to North America in 1906, and were recognized in 1908. Personality Despite his cute looks, the Westie is all terrier. He is hardy and spunky, with lots of energy and “big dog” attitude. Like most terriers he is a good watch dog. The Westie is a quick study and loves to learn new tricks. He does very well in sports like agility and obedience. Appearance 10-11” (25-28 cm) 15-22 lb (7-10 kg) Straight, harsh outercoat. Short, soft close undercoat. White. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Cedar Creek Reg’d, Laryssa Sawyer. We’re a small family kennel located just over an hour north of Toronto. Puppies are raised in our home with our children. Our dogs are on a natural diet. Puppies go to their new homes after 8 weeks; dewormed, tattooed, vet checked, first set of shots and health guarantee. 295159 8th Line, Amaranth, ON L9W 0K1. (519) 925-2827; info@cedarcreekkennels.ca; www.cedarcreekkennels.ca Milady Perm. Reg’d, Lisa Roessler-Pritchard. 30+ years devotion! Healthy, home-raised puppies from bloodlines noted for health and

History Also known as the “poor man’s racehorse”, the Whippet’s origins stem from the sport of setting “snapdogs” after rabbit. These snapdogs were released in a small pit where they were timed to see how quickly they could dispatch several rabbits. By crossing terriers with small greyhounds, breeders produced an agile and capable dog that soon dominated the sport. When it was banned, Whippets were used in lure or “rag” racing. When Lancashire textile workers immigrated to New England in the early 1900s, they brought their Whippets, and the sport of lure coursing, with them. The Whippet can run up to 35 miles an hour. Personality Though a racing Whippet is the perfect picture of speed, he is an easygoing and relaxed individual, always ready to curl up on the couch and snuggle. He is attached to his people and gets along with children, strangers and other dogs. Outdoors, it is important to keep him in a safely enclosed area or on a leash. Appearance 17-22” (44-56 cm) 25-40 lb (11-18 kg) Short, smooth fine coat. Any colour or combination of colours is acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


Personality Energetic and full of life, the Yorkshire Terrier is a bold and tenacious dog whose personality outweighs his tiny size. He is brave and loyal, attached to his family and prepared to defend it with his voice. Early socialization and consistent training are essential. Appearance 6-7” (15-18 cm) under 7 lb (3 kg) Long, straight, silky fine coat. Steel blue and tan. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

RBIS Can/Am Champion Oz’s Storm Chaser. Chase is a top Yorkie in Canada and the Select Dog winner at Westminster 2018. Bred/Owned by Loreta Serafini

History Some believe the Yorkshire Terrier is a cross of Maltese, Skye Terriers, Manchester Terriers and possibly Dandie Dinmont Terriers. Others say the documentation points to a mixture of three now-extinct breeds: the Clydesdale Terrier (a silken type of Skye Terrier), the Waterside Terrier, and the Old English Terrier (toy-size with a rough and broken coat). First known as Broken Haired Scotch Terriers, the Yorkshire Terrier acquired its current name in 1874.


Yorkshire Terriers quickly gained popularity throughout England and North America. The story credited for bringing the breed into the limelight involves William Wynne and a Yorkshire Terrier he found in a shell hole near New Guinea during World War II. Wynne named the dog Smokey and backpacked with him through 12 sea rescue missions and 150 air raids.

AB CwnAnnwn Yorkshire Terriers Reg’d, Sandra Nicholson. Quality pet and show potential puppies available occasionally to approved homes. Excellent temperaments and health guaranteed. Bred for health, personality and conformation to CKC standard. Micro-chipped, vaccinated and vet checked. Provided with a puppy pack to ensure they start out with food, items and toys they already know and love. (780) 361-1939; inquiry@annwn.ca; www.annwn.ca Yorkhaven Perm. Reg’d, Catherine P. Christensen. Over 30yrs passionately dedicated to creating beyond gorgeous Reg’d Yorkies with oodles of confidence & cheekiness! As your next Best Friend or for the discriminating show exhibitor. Home with my Yorkies fulltime, all effort goes into their care, development, and happiness. Pedigrees full of champions from the best bloodlines = sound body & mind. Twoyr guarantee, puppy gift pack, insurance, care booklet, etc.etc.etc. Experience & education with lifetime support. Website & FB. Photo courtesy TGYTM. www.yorkhaven.ca

ON Nanway’s Yorkies Reg’d, Wayne & Nancy Blackman. Home-raised quality puppies from champion bloodlines. Well loved and socialized. CKC registered, vet checked,health guarantee. Our puppies go to their new home at 12 weeks of age after their second of three vaccinations. All puppies sold on a non-breeding contract and must be spayed or neutered. Hamilton, ON L8H 3W6. (905) 549-6258; nanway.yorkies@ gmail.com; http://nanway-yorkies.yolasite.com

Yorkshire Terrier


OZ Yorkshire Terriers, Loreta Serafini. Breeding for over 25 years. Over 70 Canadian & American champions. Written Health Guarantees and lifetime breeder support for puppy buyers. Puppy parties and gettogethers! Telephone 905-845-0526 or Cell – 905-334-8526; E-mail: ozyt@cogeco.ca (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement above left and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) Judawn Reg’d, Judy Van Dusen. Home raised CKC reg’d. puppies from Champion bloodlines. Micro chip, Vet. Check, Health guarantee. We breed quality not quantity. 1113 Monteagle Lane, Pickering, ON L1V 3M7 (905) 831-8885; judawn@rogers.com; www.judawnyorkies.com. Adanta Reg’d. Marilyn Burleson. Champion bloodlines, beautiful, healthy, intelligent, prespoiled, quality, home-raised puppies. Health guarantee. Canadian Kennel Club Registered. 30 minutes south of Hamilton (519) 426-4638 cell (519) 860-2381; adanta1954@ gmail.com; www.adantayorksireterriers.com

Use this handy translator to determine some of the more common terms and acronyms:

Perm. Reg’d Means a kennel is permanently registered

Phenotype Refers to the collective appearance of a dog, based on physical and psychological traits

FCI Fédération Cynologique Internationale (Europe, Latin America, Africa, Asia and Australia)



HEALTH-RELATED BAER Brain Auditory Evoked Response. Measures the brain wave activity that occurs in response to clicks or certain tones. Certifies hearing. CERF Canine Eye Registration Foundation. Tracks and records ocular diseases in dogs and maintains databases on known conditions and predispositions. Certifies vision. Genotype Refers to a dog in the sense of his genetic composition HD Hip dysplasia is affected by heredity and environmental factors. Sires and dams in breeds known for HD should be X-rayed clear. OFFA Orthopedic Foundation for Animals. Tracks and records information pertaining to genetic and orthopedic diseases. www.offa.org

The University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program. Performed by veterinarians specially trained in the procedure. This method determines hip joint laxity, which can then be used to predict the likelihood of an individual developing hip dysplasia. www.pennhip.org

TSH Thyroid stimulating hormone – a test to determine hypothyroidism vWD von Willebrand’s disease – a bleeding disorder that affects some breeds


American Kennel Club (U.S.-based)

ARBA American Rare Breeds Association: the American equivalent to CRBA CBCA

Canadian Border Collie Association


Canadian Kennel Club


Canadian Rare Breeds Association

United Kennel Club

TITLES BIF Best in Field – the top coursing hound at a trial BIS Best in Show – the best dog at a conformation show BISS Best in Specialty Show – the best dog at a specialty show BPIS Best Puppy in Show – the best puppy at a conformation show HIT High in Trial – the best performer at an obedience trial


C anine Good Citizen – determines if a dog is well trained and obedient in public

TT Temperament Tested – shows if a dog has stable temperament




Reg’d Means a kennel name is registered with an accepted registry

Rare breeds typically have breed clubs or associations and are working toward official recognition by one of Canada’s registering organizations, e.g. Canadian Kennel Club. They may be recognized by other official organizations outside of Canada.



History When colonists came to North America in the 17th century, one of the dogs they brought with them was the Bulldog, commonly used for the blood sport of bull-baiting. The traits that made this breed so effective in the sport also made it highly suitable for managing the tough free-range hogs and cattle typical in the southwest. Some believe the American Bulldog remains true to the original English Bulldog that arrived off the ships, free from the changes brought to the breed in England. Others believe these dogs evolved through selective breeding and the addition of Bull Terrier bloodlines. Either way, the American Bulldog closely resembles English Bulldogs pictured in the early 1800s.


Photo: Alice Van Kempen


Photo: Alice Van Kempen

American Bulldog


History This delightful toy breed originated in Bologna, Italy but much of the breed’s past is unknown, since it’s tangled up with the history of related breeds such as the Maltese. The dogs were generally cultivated as pets for the upper class, and presented as cherished gifts to help establish trade and good relations with European noblemen. In one well known example of this, the Duke d’Este gave two Bolognese dogs to King Philip II of Spain in the late 1500s. Pleased with his gift, the King replied “these two little dogs are the most royal gifts one can make to an emperor”.

Jago Vom Grenzwall. NAVHDA field tested. Prize 1 Natural Ability in versatility. Bred by Von Der Linde Reg’d. Owned by Ralf Bothe. RR 2, Queensville, ON. www.smallmunsterlanders.net

History The Kleiner Münsterländer Vorstehhund originated 500 years ago in Münsterländer, northwest Germany, where they were used to retrieve birds killed by falcons. Over time, as bird dogs became more specialized, the Kleiner (or Small) Münsterländer’s versatility was less valued, and the breed nearly died out. This changed when commoners were allowed to hunt freely, and a small dog that could hunt both bird and small game became an The breed didn’t arrive in North essential source of food and income. The America until the 1980s. Here, the dogs Kleiner Münsterländers’ flexibility and are loved for their docile personalities aptitude for hunting made them highly and are prized as companions. valuable to their owners, who kept them Changes in technology and farming left the Personality Cute and cuddly, the close to home and family. American Bulldog nearly extinct by the end Bolognese is a fun and loyal pet. He does While the breed remains rare, its of WWII but the breed was revived by John need regular exercise but is fairly laid back recognition as a versatile and effective D. Johnson and Allen Scott (who preferred and serious for a toy breed. While he will hunting and birding dog as well as a kind alert to strangers, he is not a big barker and and even-tempered family pet continue to a smaller body type). quickly warms to new people once he gets bring it a new popularity. Personality A hardworking fellow, the to know them. Personality Happy and outgoing, the Kleiner American Bulldog is a brave and determined Münsterländer is an exceptional hunting Appearance 9  -12” (25-30 cm) dog who will loyally protect his family and dog. He works closely with his handler, and 5-9 lb (2.5-4 kg) livestock. Johnson-type dogs are larger then happily returns home to relax with his and more overt guardians, while Scott- Long fluffy coat, slightly shorter on the family. Eager to please, and quite intelligent, the Münsterländer is quick to learn. He type dogs tend to be smaller and more muzzle. White in colour. is successful in a variety of dog sports like athletically inclined. Both benefit from lots Quick Facts obedience and agility. of socialization and training at an early age. Exercise Requirements Appearance 20-22” (52-54 cm) Appearance 20-27” (51-69 cm) Grooming 33-64 lb (15-29 kg) 60-125 lb (27-57 kg) Medium-length, dense, close-lying, water Short, close stiff coat. Any colour, pattern repellent coat. Brown-white or brown roan or combination except black, solid blue with brown patches, brown mantle, or and tricolour. brown ticking. Quick Facts Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Exercise Requirements Grooming Grooming




History To appreciate the story of the Miniature American Shepherd, it helps to remember that its Australian Shepherd forerunners were developed in the U.S., not Australia. These herding dogs tended sheep with great skill, and it was the livestock that came from “Down Under”, not the dog. In the late 1960s, some smaller-sized Australian Shepherds found their way to a California dog breeder. Doris Cordova liked their compact size, and bred more “Mini Aussies.” They worked as diligently as their larger counterparts, and the breed found favour. Miniature Australian Shepherds were registered with rare-breed organizations until 2011, when the American Kennel Club FSS (Foundation Stock Service) granted them a new name: the Miniature American Shepherd. The breed is on-track for full AKC designation as of July, 2015. Although the Miniature American Shepherd is not yet acknowledged by the Canadian Kennel Club, given the breed’s popularity, official recognition is likely not far off. Personality Eye-catching for its size, there is nothing diminished about the breed’s intelligence and drive. The Miniature American Shepherd loves to accomplish the task set before him – be it herding, competing at flyball, or minding the children. This loyal family dog adapts to city or rural living, providing a mental and physical challenge is at hand. Appearance 13-18” (33-46 cm) 20-31 lb (9-14 kg) Double coat. Blue merle, red merle, solid black, or solid red. All colours accepted with or without white markings and/or tan points. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Requirements



Photo: Catskill Pumi

History The Pumi gets its origins from the Puli, an ancient sheepherding breed brought to Hungary by the Magyars about a thousand years ago. During the 17th and 18th centuries, foreign herder and terrier breeds were mixed with the Puli, and the result was the smaller more agile dog we know today as the Pumi. The Pumi was an ideal farm dog; he herded sheep, cattle, and pigs, and also hunted small rodents to keep farms free of vermin. In the early 20th century, Dr. Emil Raitsis recognized the separate characteristics of the two Hungarian In the 1960s a breeder named Doris Cordova sheepdogs, which began the selective purchased several small working Australian breeding process of enhancing the breedShepherds. Liking their small size, she bred specific traits of the Pumi. In the early 1900s them together, striving for a miniature the Pumi was officially identified as its own version that stood consistently less than 18” distinct breed. tall. Other breeders took a liking to the little Aussies, and by 1990 the breed had its own Personality The Pumi is always very breed club. Today, breeders of Miniature playful, and his whimsical expressions and Australian Shepherds strive to maintain quirky antics can make him a very amusing companion. With the alertness of the terriers their working ability. and the intelligence of the herding breeds, Personality A working dog at heart, the the Pumi is highly trainable and a fantastic Miniature Australian Shepherd remains show dog. Known for his ability to excel at an active and capable athlete who excels at a variety of sports, as well as freestyle canine sports like agility or competitive obedience. dancing, his energy makes him a great He is a smart and friendly dog who loves to companion for people who enjoy an active lifestyle. Socialization is important because please. he can be somewhat shy with strangers. Appearance 14-18” (35-46 cm) Appearance 15-18.5 in (38-47 cm) 20-40 lb (9-18 kg) 17-33 lbs (7.5-15 kg) Moderate length, straight to wavy, weather resistant outercoat and undercoat. Blue Various colours, including grey, black, white, rusty brown, and fawn with mask. Soft merle, red (liver) merle, solid black, solid red undercoat with strong, curly outercoat that (liver). With or without white markings or tan forms tufts. (copper) points. Quick Facts Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Exercise Requirements Grooming: Smooth Grooming History Australian Shepherds are not truly native to Australia, but when Basque shepherds immigrated there they brought their Pyrenean Shepherd dogs with them to herd Australian sheep. These dogs were crossed with other herding breeds such as the Collie and Border Collie to produce the Australian Shepherd. Eventually, in the 1840s, these shepherd dogs came to North America, where their efficient herding ability made them popular with Americans, particularly in the West.

ON Emberview Toy Aussie’s. “Special things come in Small Packages”. Intelligent, hardworking, versatile, and loyal family pet, the Aussie is a real looker coming in the Toy and Mini Sizes and comes in a variety of colors from Black & Red Tri’s to Blue & Red Merles. Raised in our homes. Parents have had their genetic testing done & come with a health guarantee. Make your next adventure an “Aussie”. Contact Karyn: (519) 334-4016; rodeo@ehtel.ca; Cathy (519) 334-3825; snswhyte@hotmail.com; www. emberviewtoyaussies.com



Photo: English Farm Kennels Reg’d



Photo: Alice Van Kempen

ON Von Der Linde Reg’d, Ralf Bothe. Breeder of premium Small Mu¨nsterländers. German imports of high performance breeding of the truly versatile German hunting dog. Specializing in pointing, tracking and retrieving and a great family pet! Started gun dogs available on request. NAVHDA NA tested. Training and assistance available on site. 21133 Kennedy Rd, RR 2, Queensville, ON L0G 1R0. (905) 473-9395; ralf.bothe@xplornet. com; www.smallmunsterlanders.net. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left.)


History The true ancestry of this breed is unknown, but one common belief is that the Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka (translation – coloured lapdogs) is descended from the French Bolonka brought into Russia by Napoleon’s army and those Bichon Frises gifted to Russian nobility towards the end of the Renaissance period. When the French army retreated, the little dogs, including Bichons, Shih Tzus and long-haired Yorkshire Terriers, became the foundation stock for this breed. Russia’s utilitarian attitude toward dogs (for herding and hunting) made the toy dogs rare and prestigious. In the 1960s, post-Khrushchev, the Soviet Union loosened restrictions on dog breeding, resulting in more toy breeds.

Guardian’s Onyx Jewel, Selectively breeding for health and temperaments to provide exceptional companions. Owned by Vanessa Dutton, Guardian Kennels, Brooks, AB

History The Shiloh Shepherd is a very new breed developed by Tina Barber in the early 1970s. Having grown up around German Shepherds, Barber sought a return to the large, square-bodied physique she remembered in Germany. She set out to create her ideal dog – one who was smart, loyal and easy to train, while being strong enough to herd and guard, and gentle enough to trust with children. She focused on both soundness of body and mind.


Barber’s efforts were very successful, and demand for her “new” breed of Shepherds grew. By 1990, the shepherds from her Shiloh kennel proved to differ enough from classic German Shepherds that she Personality The Bolonka is a happy-go- formed the International Shiloh Shepherd lucky, even-tempered dog that bonds deeply Registry and lobbied for the acceptance of with his family but loves to be best friends the Shiloh Shepherd by the American Rare Breed Association. The breed continues to with everyone he meets, including children develop under Barber’s guidance, with strict and other animals. This dog’s versatile registration guidelines and standards. personality means he will eagerly participate in group activities, but is also content to sit on Personality Bred to compete in the sidelines. Often described as a “bundle Schutzhund trials in the morning, babysit of joy”, the Bolonka is very affectionate and the kids in the afternoon, and guide the trusting, but he’s no pushover since he often blind in the evening, the Shiloh Shepherd thinks he’s bigger than he is. Walking and is an intelligent dog who works hard playing are the Bolonka’s preferred forms of and wants to be your best friend. He is exercise, which makes these dogs great for easy to train, and can learn anything set before him. A workaholic at heart, the Shiloh both city and country. Shepherd is happiest when he has a job to Appearance 9.5-10” (24-26 cm) do, and can easily excel in many jobs. 8-10 lb (3.5-4.5 kg) Appearance 26-32” (66-82 cm) Silky, thick, soft outercoat with dense 100-160 lb (45-73 kg) undercoat. Dense outercoat often medium-coarse outercoat; soft forming waves or curls. Long fur on Plush: both face and body, with beard and undercoat; mane. Smooth: medium-length, moustache requires daily grooming. dense, close-lying outercoat; undercoat; mane. Golden, silver, red, dark brown, dark grey, black All colours except white. sable, black, white, shades of black with tan, Quick Facts golden tan, reddish tan, silver or cream. Exercise Requirements Quick Facts Grooming: Smooth Exercise Requirements QC BoloBabies Reg’d, Laurine Jarvis. There have been changes at Bolobabies! Visitors welcome by appointment. No strings attached! A deposit will hold a puppy until it’s ready to leave its dam. Home raised, our pups have their vaccinations, are microchipped, are well bonded to humans and are prepared to bring pure joy to their forever families. Reservations recommended. Older pups and adults often available. Ottawa area, QC (613) 832-4250; (819) 827-4446; info@BoloBabies.ca; www.BoloBabies.com



WHITE SHEPHERD Photo: Armstrong’s CKC reg’d White Shepherds


Photo: Bolobabies Reg’d

Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka



AB Guardian Kennels, Vanessa Dutton. Exclusively ISSA registered with a vision for the healthy future of our breed. Outstanding temperaments, exceptional size, and conformation. Homeraised puppies to approved homes only. Health guarantees. Shipping available. Visits to our kennel are welcomed. Early reservations on litters are recommended. (403)362-4381; dutton.vm@gmail.com; www.guardiankennels.ca (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement above and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

History German Shepherd Dogs with white coats started appearing in the late 1800s. These puppies were sought out by farmers and shepherds to protect their flocks, as their white hair made it easier to tell them apart from predators – particularly wolves. By the early 1990s, White Shepherds were bred by selection for this purpose. Soon after, the White Shepherd became a popular choice in North American households. Today, he is recognized as a rare herding breed that makes a great companion and protector. Personality The White Shepherd is known for being intelligent and hard working. He is best suited for an active household, especially one where he can spend a lot of time outdoors in the company of his family. Due to his protective qualities, the White Shepherd can be hesitant around strangers. Slow introductions and early socialization will help him let his guard down. Constant stimulation through tasks and training is also important, as he prefer to stay busy. While he makes a great companion for all members of the family, including children and other dogs, the White Shepherd tends to favour one master. Positive training will help guide his behaviour in the direction you choose. Appearance 22-26” (55-66 cm) 60-85 lb (27-39 kg) Medium-length outercoat is dense, straight and flat-lying. Undercoat is fine but dense. White or white with cream markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Armstrong’s CKC registered White Shepherds. A uniquely holistic health-focused (kennel-free) breeder who specializes in eventempered, short and plush coated spectacular looking White Shepherd Puppies for sharing with families who are looking for a superior, above average intelligence, human-focused working type canine for a pet. 5 generations of rare Whites with stunning looks and great temperaments. We are all about our puppies! Healthy, Loving + Devoted fur babies that promise to turn into GREAT DOGS. London, ON (519) 644-1385; momstudy@execulink.com; www.awhiteshepherd.weebly.com


SPOTLIGHT INDEX WELCOME TO OUR BREEDER SPOTLIGHT! Buying a puppy is an exciting time. But it’s important to research the breed that’s right for your lifestyle and your family situation. That’s where reputable breeders can help. Unlike puppy mills, which provide substandard care for their breeding animals, and produce puppies prone to health issues, reputable breeders care deeply about their litters, and want to find the right match for you and their puppies. In this section, we turn the spotlight onto various breeders, who wish to share information on their dogs and kennels with you. The breeds are listed alphabetically, as much as possible. Please note these are advertisements paid for by the breeders and/or kennels. BARBET

Rover Barbets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p172



Herdabout Mudis Perm. Reg’d. . . . . . p185


SHETLAND SHEEPDOG Herdabout Shelties Perm. Reg’d . . . . p191


Cairn Terrier Club of Canada. . . . . . . . p173 Magisterial Cairn Terrier Reg’d. . . . . . p174

Magisterial Standard Poodles Reg’d . . p186 Syquefine Poodles Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . p188

Rathdrum Wheatons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p192


Guardian Kennels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p193

Dragonsblood Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p175


LeeAnns Poodles Perm. Reg’d. . . . . . . . p188



Roman Kennels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p193


Upland Creek Welsh Springer Spaniels Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . p193

Echo View Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p175


Tri-Pinscher Kennels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p176


Burgimwald German Shepherds Reg’d. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p177 Committed to Canine/ Lucescu Kennels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p178 Rivergreen Reg’d. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p179 Deep Hollow Kennels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p180 Guardian Angel Reg’d. . . . . . . . . . . . . . p180

Belouro Reg’d. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p187 SkipNStone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p188 Makani Meadows Reg’d. . . . . . . . . . . . p188 Blackpool Perm. Reg’d. . . . . . . . . . . . . . p189





Oz Yorkshire Terriers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p194

Archway Labradors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p189 Windara Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p189


Magisterial Giant Schnauzers Reg’d. . . p190


Sonrisas Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p180 Elite Havanese Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p181 Havanese Fanciers of Canada. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p182-183



Lagotto Romagnolo of Canada. . . . . p184









Cairn Terrier

Cairn Terrier






Chinese Shar-pei | Dalmations

German Pinscher






German Shepherd Dog

German Shepherd Dog






German Shepherd Dog



SPOTLIGHT German Shepherd Dog | Havanese










Lagotto Romagnolo






Poodle (Standard)






Portuguese Water Dog

Poodle (Miniature & Standard) | Portuguese Water Dog | Retriever (Goldenr)


Portuguese Water Dogs

Skipnstone Kennels Lawrie Eubank & Charlotte Etue

We are a family breeder and have been involved with raising, showing, working and breeding PWD’s over many years. At 7-8 weeks of age, we do temperament and conformation testing with the puppies to ensure that each of the puppy buyers receives the pup best suited to their family. Puppies are available to select homes. We initiate crate training, outside playtime, socializing with our adult dogs and lots of visitors of all ages! Lawrie always says that our best dogs are someone’s cherished pet. We are available to answer your questions about Portuguese Water Dogs and puppy rearing. 5th generation of championed, health tested puppies bred for excellence in health, temperament, and structure. 5249 Wales Cres Copenhagen RR2 Aylmer ON (519) 651-3441 | skipnstone@gmail.com








Retriever (Golden & Labrador)

Schnauzer (Giant)



Breeding structurally sound, well balanced dog for all venues. PEDIGREE indicates what the dog SHOULD be. CONFORMATION indicates what the dog APPEARS to be. PERFORMANCE indicates what the dog actually IS.

Shetland Sheepdog



We are professional dog trainers who actively compete with our dogs in Conformation, Agility, Obedience, and Rally. Our puppies are raised in an enriched environment with an extensive

socialization and desensitivity program that begins with the “super puppy” program at just 3 days of age. We offer a lifetime guarantee against Hip Dysplasia, Degenerative Myelopathy, Collie Eye Anomoly, Chordial Hypoplasia, and VwD Affected.


At Herdabout Perm. Reg’d our dogs are NOT just a hobby, but a lifetime commitment.

All puppies are tested for general temperament and working potential at 7.5 weeks of age.






SPOTLIGHT Soft-coated Wheaten Terrier




Shiloh Shepherd | Spaniel (English & Welsh Springer)

Yorkshire Terrier



TRAINING CanadianDOGS.com 195


TRAINERS BRITISH COLUMBIA Pets Stay Home Training & Care, Mick Howland (250) 586-7387; info@petsstayhome.ca; www.petsstayhome.ca

ONTARIO Pawsitive Spirit Training & Wellness, Debra Pearse O ur consistent, clear training based on TRUST not FEAR helps you to better understand and communicate with your dog. We specialize in positive reinforcement training and are proudly Veterinarian Recommended! We teach puppy classes, obedience, agility, tricks, 4 Paw Fitness and behaviour modification - indoors, outdoors and in your own home! (705) 725-0665; pawsitivespirit@bell.net; www.PawsitiveSpirit.com

The Dog Nanny. “Causing PAIN is No Way to TRAIN”. G roup & Private Classes: All Levels of Obedience, FUNgility, Rally-O, Scenting, CGN/Therapy Prep Course and Behavioural Modification (Privates). Marcia Murray-Stoof, Certified Canine Behaviourist (B.Sc), Certified Professional Dog Training Instructor (Over 30 years experience). (705) 436-4158; thedognanny@bell.net; www.dognanny.ca

Who’s Walking Who Dog Training Centres


Since 1989, our goal is to educate and encourage people to have fun while training their dog using positive reward-based methods. We offer Puppy, Obedience, Agility, Tricks, Scents, Freestyle, Rally & Pet First Aid classes, and Private In-Home Visits & Behavioural Consultations. 3 locations - Ajax, Downtown Toronto & Toronto Beaches. Ajax (905) 619-1733; Toronto (416) 465-3626; info@whoswalkingwho.ca; www. whoswalkingwho.ca
























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Canadian Dogs Annual 2019  

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