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Cruise Indian Ocean

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Cape Town

Eastern Cape

The jewel in the crown

A flavour of small-town South Africa

14

16

17

Durban

Richards Bay

Mozambique

Tanzania

Vibrant port city of Durban is a ‘must’ call

Gateway to Zululand

Fabulous coast, magical islands

A special blend of natural wonders

20

24

25

26

KENYA

SUDAN

DJIBOUTI

SEYCHELLES

Game viewing galore

Full of fascinating history

A unique and captivating landscape

A paradise of tropical islands

29

32

Cruise Indian Ocean was published by:

land&MARINE Land & Marine Publications Ltd, 1 Kings Court, Newcomen Way Severalls Business Park, Colchester, Essex, CO4 9RA, UK Tel: +44 (0)1206 752902 Fax: +44 (0)1206 842958 E-mail: publishing@landmarine.com www.landmarine.com

27 MAURITIUS

CRUISE INDIAN OCEAN

CRUISE INDIAN OCEAN

Island gem looks to attract more cruise calls

Port details

Contact list

The opinions expressed in this publication are not necessarily those of the editor nor of any other organisation associated with this publication. No liability can be accepted for any inaccuracies or omissions. ©2009 Land & Marine Publications Ltd




An ocean of new opportunities for cruise operators




T

he Cruise Indian Ocean Association (CIOA) has a mission to promote eastern and southern Africa and the Indian Ocean islands as a destination with huge potential.

For those planning cruise itineraries, the eastern side of Africa, together with the spectacular islands of the Indian Ocean, offer a world of multifarious and exciting opportunities. They include shore visits

Following a major promotional event in Durban to coincide with Africa’s top travel

to big game parks and exotic wildlife, magnificent

show, Tourism Indaba, the CIOA is targeting the major cruise ship operators. In

scenery including spectacular mountain ranges,

particular, the association wants to persuade cruise lines to stage more ships in the

tropical islands both uninhabited and occupied, good

region at various times of the year.

weather for most of the year, great port cities to visit and new cultures and histories to explore.

Part of its strategy will be to invite cruise line executives to visit the region and see for themselves what it has to offer. This will give them a clearer understanding of the many advantages of staging or routeing their vessels along the African coastline.

Heritage Not the least of these is Kenya – of particular interest to American visitors because of the Obama

Over the next two years or so, a significant number of new and mostly very large

connection – while relics of the slave trade can be

cruise ships are due to enter service. As a result, there will be a cascading down of

found on the spice islands of Madagascar, Pemba and

medium-sized cruise ships – and these vessels will be looking for new market areas.

Zanzibar. Theme cruises featuring these ingredients

Summer

have proved very popular with passengers searching for a bit of their own personal history and heritage.

Currently, the Johannesburg-based company Starlight Cruises, in association with MSC Cruises, stages one or sometimes two cruise ships in Durban in summer.

Figures issued by the Cruise Lines International

From November 2008 to April 2009 two of these ships, ‘Melody’ and ‘Rhapsody’,

Association (CLIA) show the economic value of

operated from Durban and Cape Town. In November 2009 another of their ships,

persuading cruise operators to bring more of their

the 2,000-passenger ‘Sinfonia’, will arrive in South Africa to operate summer cruises

vessels to Africa. The CLIA says a ship carrying

from Durban to the Mozambique coast and islands.

2,000 passengers and 950 crew generates an average of US$322,705 (R2.7 million) spending per

Several other companies, including Hebridean Cruises, positioned ships in

call in a home port, while a similar ship making

southern Africa for an extended season during the recent southern summer, while

port-of-call visits generates US$275,000 (R2.3million)

a number of German companies operated multiple cruises out of South Africa,

in onshore spending.

making use of fly-cruise operations for their predominantly European passengers.

Holidays

Other ships paid visits, either on world cruises or undertaking round-Africa cruises

Not only that, but research has shown that between

or on repositioning voyages.

50 and 70 per cent of passengers say they would like to return for land-based holidays after visiting a new

Clearly, the region is already attracting a growing number of traditional cruise ship

country for the first time.

visits and the CIOA hopes to build on this trend. Internationally, about 13 million people went cruising in 2008. Today, many customers are looking to more unusual and adventurous destinations beyond the traditional cruising grounds of the Caribbean and Mediterranean – and operators are keen to find new unexplored destinations to cater for this growing appetite.




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Cape Town

The jewel in the crown

R

enowned as one of the world’s most beautiful cities, Cape Town is a jewel in any cruise itinerary. The view of the harbour from the sea, with its magnificent backdrop of Table Mountain, is particularly fine and justly famous.

and fruit terminals, a dry dock, a repair quay and a tanker

Cape Town is situated in Table Bay, 120 nautical miles northwest of Cape Agulhas,

Cape Town is a key destination for cruise ships including

the most southerly point in Africa, where the Indian Ocean meets the Atlantic.

vessels engaged in round-the-world voyages. The port

basin. There is also a large yacht marina.

Cruise ships

is also used by some cruise operators as a home-porting The port lies on one of the world’s busiest trade routes and its strategic and

hub for the exchange of passengers.

economic importance can hardly be overstated. Many of the smaller and medium-sized vessels opt There are two dock areas within the port: the larger outer Ben Schoeman Dock, where

to berth at the Victoria and Alfred Waterfront with its

the container terminal is located, and the older inner Duncan Dock, with multipurpose

special ambience and tourism facilities, while larger ships berth in the main harbour. The port is open 24 hours a day but can be subject to strong winds.




Cape Town has an international airport with links

Cruise ships are recommended to spend more than one day in Cape Town to give

throughout the world.

passengers a chance to enjoy its myriad attractions.

Excursions Excursions include local half-day tours through

Longer tours go through the city and along the peninsula to Cape Point or to Cape Agulhas, the most southerly point in Africa, where two oceans meet. They include visits to the Cape Winelands and the Unesco World Heritage Site of Robben Island.

the city to the Kirstenbosch Botanical Gardens and panoramic views from Table Mountain over the bay, with Robben Island and the Cape Peninsula beyond.

History Cape Town was settled by the Dutch in 1652 when Jan van Riebeeck established a

Passengers can visit the Castle of Good Hope, stroll in

victualling station in Table Bay for ships of the Dutch East India Company.

the Dutch East India Company Gardens, call into the parliament building to see South Africa’s new democracy

The historical Victoria and Alfred basins, in the original harbour, are now home to the

at work, or simply take some time out for relaxation and

famous Cape Town waterfront. They are also used for berthing small cruise ships as

retail therapy at the Victoria and Alfred Waterfront.

well as fishing vessels, pleasure boats and other commercial vessels.




E astern C a p e

A flavour of small-town South Africa




J

ust an overnight cruise from Durban is the Eastern Cape, the second-largest of South Africa’s nine provinces, a land of rolling hills with a year-round holiday climate. Its port cities of Port Elizabeth and East London (also known by the more romantic title of Buffalo City) are leading visitor destinations. Blessed with a climate of hot summers and warm winters, they offer visitors a friendly welcome along with a flavour of small-town South Africa. The cities, towns and farms of Eastern Cape are set in a landscape of natural beauty, with mountains, rivers and unspoilt beaches. The region also has nature and game reserves, most within easy distance of the two port cities.

Port Elizabeth Port Elizabeth, the Friendly City, is an ideal place from which to explore the Eastern Cape on short or long tours. Cruise passengers can take a bus trip along the Garden Route, rejoining their ship further west at Plettenberg Bay or Mossel Bay.

Excursions Half-day tours include a game drive to the Addo Elephant Park, which now contains about 400 elephants, thanks to conservation, as well as being home to the Big Five. Alternatively, visitors can go on a half-day city tour of Port Elizabeth including a visit to the aquarium with its dolphin displays. For a full-day tour, the vintage Apple Express narrow-gauge steam train departs from within the harbour and goes to Thornhill with a photo stop at the spectacular Van Staden’s River Bridge, the world’s highest narrow-gauge railway bridge. Another popular full-day excursion is to Kariega Game Reserve, 90 minutes from Port Elizabeth, for a safari drive combined with a wildlife cruise by riverboat. Lunch is provided on board. Visits can also be arranged to other game reserves in the area.

History Eastern Cape was home to the first British settlers and is also the birthplace of Nelson Mandela. The province has a special place in the history of South Africa. For example, the world’s




oldest fossilised footprints, found at East London in 1964, indicate the presence of humans in this area some 200,000 years ago.

Cruise ships A total of 17 cruise ships called East London during the 2008/9 season. The port does not have a

The earliest recognised occupants of the Eastern Cape were groups of hunter-

dedicated cruise terminal. Cruise ships use the

gatherers called the San and Khoi-Khoi. Much later, from 1200 AD onwards, Xhosa-

most suitable berth available. F and G berths are

speaking people began migrating into the region from the north. Then, from the

normally allocated to cruise ships. They provide easy

1500s, as a result of shipwrecks, the first Europeans came into contact with the

access for buses to stop alongside the ship for shore

Xhosa and Pondo peoples.

excursions. A further two berths can be used, subject

Great Trek A greater influx occurred in the form of white settlers as farmers trekked eastward from the Western Cape. Later, in 1820, the first of the British settlers landed at what is now Port Elizabeth.

to availability, at K berth and the car terminal.

Excursions City tours of East London normally take half a day. Places of interest include Nahoon Beach, site of the

The surrounding countryside was the scene of many wars between the

oldest footprints; the German Settlers’ Memorial; Lock

encroaching whites and the resident black population. From this region and

Street Gaol, now a craft market; the city centre; Queen’s

time also began the Great Trek of Afrikaans-speaking people into the interior, a

Park Zoo; and the mainly black township of Mdantsane.

development that was to have a profound effect on the history of South Africa. Longer tours include a visit to the settlement of King

Port of East London

William’s Town and the nearby town of Bisho, now the seat of provincial government.

The Port of East London is South Africa’s only remaining river port, located at the mouth of the Buffalo River in Eastern Cape Province. Its original name was Port

Moving on to the village of Kaya La Bantu, visitors

Rex. The port has good rail and road connections north to the Free State and

will learn about Xhosa culture and see Xhosa

Gauteng and southwest to KwaZulu-Natal and Port Elizabeth.

dancing while enjoying Xhosa food. There is also an opportunity to visit a private game reserve.

10


D ur b an

Vibrant port city of Durban is a ‘must’ call

O

verlooking the Bay of Natal, framed by the Bluff headland and located on a green peninsula, Durban is renowned for its magnificent setting.

Durban is also a city of trees and gardens. Its fine parks include the Botanical Gardens with its famous Orchid House. Open-air concerts are held in the park including ‘Music by the Lake’ evenings.

Durban is blessed with a climate of eternal summer and generous rainfall. Its port is the busiest in Africa and a commercial gateway to southern Africa.

Golf courses Culture lovers will find many theatres offering a variety

Durban is also an evolving and sophisticated city of over 3 million people with a

of entertainment. The city plays host to various

truly African soul. As the Province of KwaZulu-Natal’s main centre of business and

top sporting events and some of the world’s best

industry, Durban pulses with the energy of a major port city.

golf courses can be found in Durban and the surrounding area.

Known for good reason as South Africa’s playground, Durban has some of the finest leisure facilities anywhere. They include the world-class theme park of

Cruise organisers are strongly advised to factor some

uShaka Marine World, with its canals and waterways and top quality amusements

of these sporting actives into their schedules – for

like the dolphin pool and shark aquarium. On the waterfront, the Bat Centre and

example, by arranging for golf enthusiasts to spend

Wilson’s Wharf offer fine views of the harbour and passenger terminal.

a morning or afternoon on one of the excellent local courses while the ship is in port.

Yusaf Dadoo (Grey) Street, in the city, is South Africa’s ‘Little India’ with its exquisite Victoria Street Market, fragrant with spices and incense, and the nearby Juma Masjid Mosque, largest in the Southern Hemisphere. The nearby Warwick Triangle is a mix of traditional African markets and trading.

Cruise ships The Port of Durban has a well equipped passenger terminal at N berth on the T jetty. Cruise ships use

An outstanding feature of Durban is its spectacular beachfront, with mile after

one or more berths as required. There can be as many

mile of golden sands offering safe, protected swimming and surfing.

as three ships berthed in the port on the same day.

11


An attractive Harbour Expo Market is organised in the air conditioned N shed

and the modern harbour. The Bat Centre offers a

while cruise ships are in port. There are plans to build a new cruise terminal at A

truly African experience, while the nearby maritime

berth, near the Point Waterfront.

museum has a fine collection of naval vessels, harbour craft and tugs. Or visitors can take a ‘mini

Cruise ships operate mostly in the summer between November and May. Each year MSC and Starlight Cruises base a ship for all-summer cruising at Durban, operating to destinations in Mozambique and the Indian Ocean islands. The

cruise’ on a harbour ferry from Wilson’s Wharf.

Retail therapy

‘resident’ cruise ship for the 2009/10 season will be the ‘MSC Sinfonia’. During the

Sightseeing tours of the city are popular. Its many

2010 FIFA World Cup tournament several cruise ships will remain in Durban to be

attractions include the Botanical Gardens, the golden

used as floating hotels. 

beachfront, uShaka World and the Suncoast Casino. Alternatively, there is no shortage of retail therapy in

The present international airport, just 20 minutes from the cruise terminal, offers

Durban’s huge shopping malls including the Gateway

first-rate connections to key destinations in South Africa and around the world. A

shopping and entertainment complex.

brand new airport opens north of Durban in April 2010. Famous names linked with Durban include Mahatma

Excursions

Gandhi, who spent many of his formative years in the city, and Winston Churchill, who addressed the

Both the city centre and the beachfront are within easy reach of the cruise terminal

crowds there after escaping from a Boer War prison

either by taxi or on foot.

camp. City tours of places associated with these prominent statesmen are popular with visitors.

Even closer are the waterfront attractions of the Bat Centre and Wilson’s Wharf, where visitors can relax over a drink and admire the panorama of small boats

Other city tours include the Old Fort, scene of a Boer War battle in 1842 and now home to the Warriors’ Gate museum and war memorial. There is also the excellent

12


In the surrounding area of Umhianga (meaning ‘Place

the world. Here, the Zulu people continue to live in the traditional way. Visitors

of Reeds’ in Zulu), visitors can tour the magnificent

can experience the Africa of yesteryear as Zulus perform traditional rites and

Hawaan coastal forest and nearby sand dunes. A long

ceremonies. The Zulu people are renowned for their crafts, including beadwork,

boardwalk gives access to fine ocean views.

carvings, pottery and weaving.

Popular visits also include the seaside village of

Rail buffs can take a ride in a vintage steam train along the ridge overlooking the

Umdoti; the sugar towns of Tongaat and Verulam; the

valley. The tour bus from the ship will meet the train before and after the ride.

African township of Hambanati; the Brake Village Hindu Temple; and the unique Shark’s Board in Umhlanga.

Cruise ship operators are recommended to stay more than one night in Durban in order to take advantage of excursions to such exciting areas as the Midlands

Longer tours of half a day or a full day can be arranged.

Meander, the uKhahlamba Drakensberg Park World Heritage Site and the

These tours take in a game reserve or can be combined

Battlefields Area, which includes the Zulu War sites of Isandlwana and Rorke’s Drift

with a visit to Pietermaritzburg, the provincial capital

and the Boer War sites of Colenso, Spion Kop and the Siege of Ladysmith.

and second city of KwaZulu-Natal. Neatly laid out in a valley surrounded by hills, it is regarded as the best preserved Victorian city in South Africa.

History First seen by Portuguese explorers in 1497 and settled by English traders from

About 15 minutes from Pietermaritzburg is the Tala

1823, Durban is now the main city of KwaZulu-Natal and South Africa’s third-

Game Reserve, with excellent guided game viewing

largest city.

and panoramic views of the valley and bushveld. Durban was the home of African tribal people for longer than recorded history. One of the most popular tours, between half a

The Zulu king, Shaka, was a frequent visitor in the early 19th century.

day and a full day, takes visitors to the Valley of a Thousand Hills, only a 30-minute drive from

Durban has been a port since 1839. Today it has the best managed and most

Durban along one of the most scenic routes in

modern facilities of any harbour in Africa.

13


R ic h ards Ba y

Š Gerald Hoberman

Gateway to Zululand

14


F

or cruise ships, the major port of Richards Bay, in the Province of KwaZulu-Natal, is an ideal gateway to the heart of Zululand and some of the best game parks and historical sites in the region. They include iSimangaliso (Greater St Lucia) Wetland Park a Unesco World Heritage Site and the Hluhluwe-Imfolozi Game Reserve.

A favourite excursion for cruise passengers is a visit to iSimangaliso (which means ‘wonder’ in Zulu), with its huge population of crocodiles and hippos. The park is also home to elephant and other significant animals including buffalo, eland, kudu, rhino and zebra. Visitors can take a boat cruise on Lake St Lucia

Located close to places of significance in Zulu history, Richards Bay is also an ideal base for tours of famous battlefields including Isandlwana and Rorke’s Drift.

for up-close views of crocodile and hippo.

White rhino

Zululand is known for its subtropical climate with fine weather all year round. In

Another ‘must’ is the world-famous Hluhluwe-

addition to a unique and diverse cultural heritage, it has more than 100 km of

Imfolozi Game Reserve, where two large reserves

seaboard, an abundance of wildlife and a variety of spectacular scenery, from lush

have been combined into one. This destination was

subtropical coastlines to pristine forests teeming with birdlife and from sweeping

made famous by Operation Rhino, which saved the

savannah to rolling hills steeped in Zulu history.

white rhino from the brink of extinction. Many animal species can be found here including the Big Five

When it comes to shopping, Zululand has plenty of affordable items on offer,

(buffalo, elephant, leopard, lion and rhino).

from beadwork, hand-made jewellery and traditional African art to designer labels, diamonds and precious stones. The Boardwalk Inkwazi Shopping Centre in

Other day visits from Richards Bay include the Valley

Richards Bay has an eclectic mix of shops.

of the Kings, where many royal Zulu ancestors are buried. Further along are the graves of trek leader Piet

The port contains a modern marina, while places are reserved in the harbour for

Retief and his followers. From here it is a short drive

water sports and recreation.

to Babanango and the battlefields of Fugitive’s Drift, Isandlwana and Rorke’s Drift.

Cruise ships A total of 32 cruise vessels called in at Richards Bay during the 2008/09 season.

History

Cruise ships use either the small craft berth or one of the normal cargo handling

South Africa’s most northerly port, Richards Bay,

berths, depending on the size of vessel.

takes its name from the British admiral Sir Frederick Richards, who landed troops on the coast of Zululand

Many cruise ships opt to stay at least two days in Richards Bay because of the sheer variety and popularity of its visitor attractions.

in 1879 during the Anglo-Zulu War.

Famous battles

Typically, a team of Zulu dancers will be waiting on the quay to give passengers a

The port has been greatly expanded in recent years.

traditional African welcome.

When the present harbour works began in 1976 it was little more than a coastal fishing village. Today,

There is a tourist information office on the quayside with details of destinations

it is a huge modern port and home to the world’s

and tours. This is also the departure point for shore excursions. Visitors can go on

second-largest coal terminal.

pre-booked safaris in luxury air conditioned coaches or they can book excursions on the quayside with local safari operators.

Richards Bay is close to places of significance in South African history including the sites of

Excursions

famous battles.

Zululand is ideal for shore excursions, with full-day or overnight safaris to key destinations such as the game parks and Shakaland.

15


M o z am b i q ue

Fabulous coast, magical islands

T

he fabulous coast of Mozambique is one of the region’s most unspoilt and least explored destinations for cruise ships.

These islands, both inhabited and uninhabited, are more than mere strips of beach. Many reflect the chequered history of coastal East Africa, with ancient

Mozambique has suitable ports at Maputo, Beira, Nacala and Pemba offering a safe

Arab and Portuguese forts, 16th century architecture,

haven for cruise ships on this long coastline, which stretches from Swaziland to the

museums, reminders of the days of slavery, and

southern border of Tanzania.

monumental places of worship including the oldest church south of the equator, built in 1503.

The coast of Mozambique also has safe anchorages leading to exotic offshore islands covered with palm and baobab trees and offering some of the loveliest and purest beaches to be found anywhere.

Pirates Cruising beyond to the Indian Ocean islands needs no introduction. Explored by the early navigators and

This magical place of discovery is only one or two days’ sailing time from Durban

in later times traversed by the merchant sailing ships

and offers an exciting stopover on the way to or from the better-known Indian

known as Indiamen – as well as by pirates – these

Ocean destinations of Seychelles, Comores, Mauritius and Madagascar.

tropical islands are full of history as well as offering a unique and delightful world of birds, animals and

Exotic

marine life.

There are opportunities to visit such exotic places as the Inhaca and Portuguese Islands, opposite Maputo Bay, as well as Bazaruto and Barra Lodge, off central

From Mauritius, about 3,000 km east of Africa, to

Mozambique, while further north lie Mozambique Island and the wonderful

the huge island of Madagascar, with its own special

unexplored Querimaba group, including the historical island of Ibo. This region has

range of fauna, to the volcanic Comores, only a few

huge potential for cruising – and the hub port of Durban is the ideal starting place.

hundred kilometres from mainland Africa, these islands add an unforgettable experience to any

The anchorages are all safe, with beach landings protected behind coral reefs. However, cruise ships will require suitable tenders or Zodiac-type inflatable craft for beach landings.

16

cruise itinerary. Each has either safe anchorage or acceptable harbour facilities and most also have international air connections.


Ta n z a n i a

A special blend of natural wonders and ancient cultures

T

anzania, with its own special blend of rich culture and beautiful scenery, is an appealing cruise destination. Its tropical coastline is blessed with beaches of white sand, exotic marine life, swaying palm trees, thatched villages and historical ports.

bobbing in the harbour; a maze of winding streets with bazaars and mosques and exotic wildlife such as the red colobus monkey. Some visitors are drawn to the old Swahili Coast atmosphere of Mafia and Pemba islands, which offer superb diving.

Tanzania contains many of Africa’s natural ‘crown jewels’ including Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Crater, Mount Kilimanjaro and Zanzibar. There is also a wide choice of lesser known but equally fascinating locations such as Katavi

Cruise ships

National Park, Lake Natron, Mafia Island and the Mahale, Ruaha, Selous and

An exciting new chapter has begun for Tanzania’s

Tarangire game reserves.

tourism industry with a campaign underway to market Dar es Salaam as a key destination for cruise

Many international visitors head for the fascinating island of Zanzibar, which has

ships. Dar es Salaam is already a year-round cruise

become a popular tourism centre. Its many attractions include traditional dhows

port, receiving just under 10 calls per year. The port

17


has no dedicated passenger terminal, although the

It takes about an hour for a vessel to navigate from

occupied berth is segregated from cargo operations

outer anchorage to the berth. Customs, immigration

whenever a cruise ship is in port.

and health formalities are completed during this time.

Investment

Port services in Dar es Salaam include bunkers, stores, towage and water. The airport is 8 km from the Port

New investment in waterfront facilities and cruise-

of Dar es Salaam. Zanzibar can accommodate ships

related infrastructure at Dar es Salaam is anticipated

up to 200 metres in length with a draught of 12.9

in the near future as market conditions warrant.

metres. It receives an average of 40 cruise calls a year.

Dar es Salaam can accommodate cruise ships up to 300 metres in length with a draught of 11.9 metres.

Excursions City tours offer fascinating insights into the multifaceted history of Dar es Salaam and

18


surrounding villages including the historical town of

prison island of Chenguu and an opportunity to spend the day relaxing in an

Bagamoyo. There are good air, road and rail links to

exclusive beach resort.

the country’s top game parks and wildlife reserves. Both Mikumi National Park (200 km from the coast) and Saadani Game Reserve (250 km away) provide an

History

ideal opportunity for cruise tourists to see the wildlife

The vast expanses of mainland Tanzania are thought by some to be the cradle

heritage of Tanzania within a 24-hour port call.

of mankind. It was near Olduvai Gorge in 1978 that Dr Mary Leakey discovered the human-like footprints of a primate dating back 4 million years. Even today,

Zanzibar offers plenty of choice when it comes

mainland Tanzania remains relatively deserted, with nearly a quarter of its territory

to organised tours and excursions. These range

reserved for game parks.

from guided walks through the historical Stone Town district, with its maze of narrow streets and

The exotic island of Zanzibar, off the coast of Tanzania, has been a magnet for

traditional shops, to scenic drives around the city,

travellers down the centuries. The ancient Egyptians were drawn to the island’s

visits to spice plantations, a boat trip to the former

rich supply of spices, including cardamom, cinnamon, cloves and nutmeg.

19


K E N YA

Game viewing galore

20


K

enya is not just one but two cruise destinations: the major port of Mombasa and the exotic island of Lamu.

Mombasa is one of the few calls in Africa where passengers can easily fit in a oneday visit by road to a top-quality game park. A favourite excursion is to the huge Tsavo East and West National Parks, only a two-hour drive from Mombasa, home of the legendary man-eating lions. Even closer to Mombasa are the Shimba Hills, just south of the city, involving a relatively short journey by way of the Likoni ferry.

Big Five The Tsavo parks represent one of Africa’s largest game reserves, with a combined area of nearly 22,000 sq km. Apart from lions, the savannah landscape of Tsavo is renowned for its elephant herds. It is an ideal place to view the Big Five as well as antelope, giraffe, wild dogs, zebra and other animals. Shimba is a more compact game park. This is the only place in Kenya where visitors can see the rare sable in its natural habitat. Shimba also has buffalo, elephant, waterbuck and other animals. Cruise lines also have the option of calling Lamu, where visitors can explore Lamu Old Town, a Unesco World Heritage Site and one of the best preserved Swahili settlements on Africa’s east coast.

Cruise ships In the Port of Mombasa, the Kenya Ports Authority (KPA) has allocated Berths 1 and 2 for cruise ships, which have priority. The land behind these two berths has been levelled and the crane rail tracks removed to provide a smooth surface

21


area for buses and foot passengers. This area can be cordoned off to ensure total security. Most passengers are handled by the ship’s appointed handler. Some local Kenyan tour operators also provide these services. They may subcontract their vehicles owing to the high demand generated by a cruise ship call. For each cruise call, the KPA arranges a pre-arrival meeting of port officials to ensure the safe and secure handling of passengers. Cruise ships are escorted to their berth by naval and security craft. Baggage is checked by sniffer dogs and passengers on shore excursions are accompanied by a tourist police van.

22


Mombasa is ideally placed as a home or turnround

to Tsavo or Shimba. The KPA has a marshalling area for these pre-security-cleared

port. Moi International Airport is just 15 minutes from

vehicles, which have priority on exit at the port gate.

the port and the city has a large hotel capacity and other facilities to cater for cruise passengers.

Bustling Mombasa’s main attraction is Fort Jesus, built by the Portuguese and dating back to 1596. The city also has many interesting alleys and small shops in

Cruise ships calling Lamu must anchor off and tender

the Arab quarter plus some good restaurants.

passengers ashore. The KPA is planning new facilities to allow vessels to come directly alongside the quay.

Passengers also have the option of flying from Mombasa to and from Tsavo or even taking a pre-booked air trip to more distant parks such as Amboseli,

Excursions

the Masai Mara and Samburu. These other parks are especially popular with passengers from ships making longer calls of two or three days at Mombasa.

Most passengers arriving in Mombasa will have prebooked a safari package from the ship or even via the internet before departure. Mombasa is unusual

Lamu

as a destination in that most passengers depart the

The narrow streets of Lamu take visitors back hundreds of years to when Arab

cruise berth by pre-assigned and numbered seven-

slavers and traders used the town as a regional base. Here, the slow pace of

seat safari bus. On occasions there can be over 100

life is reminiscent of a bygone age. Donkeys are the only form of transport

of these vehicles lined up ready to take passengers

and there are said to be as many as 3,000 working on the island.

23


S U D AN

Full of fascinating history

T

he Republic of Sudan in northeast Africa is the largest country in Africa and in the Arab world. The world’s longest river, the Nile, bisects the country from south to north.

in 1909 as the terminus of a railway linking the Red Sea with the River Nile. A national wildlife park was established in the central state of Al-Dinder in 1935. This is one of the largest reserves in Africa with an

Port Sudan, on the Red Sea, is the republic’s main port city. It is linked with the

area of 2,470 square miles. In 1990 the government

capital, Khartoum, by a motorway. Port Sudan New International Airport is located

created the Sanganieb national marine reserve, the

close to the city.

first of its kind in the Sudan region of the Red Sea.

The long history of Sudan is intertwined with that of its northern neighbour,

Temples

Egypt, with which it was united politically during several periods in its history.

The best time to visit Sudan is from mid-November

Khartoum, is one of three sister cities built at the convergence of the Blue and

to early March. Port Sudan is known for its excellent

White Niles. The others are Omdurman and North Khartoum.

scuba diving and beaches. Khartoum is home to the National Museum, the garden of which contains two

Military

reconstructed Egyptian temples. Omdurman has the largest souk (Arab market) in the Sudan. Visitors can

Khartoum was established as a British military outpost in 1821 and is said to

also see the tomb of the 19th century religious leader,

have derived its name from the thin spit of land at the convergence of the rivers

the Mahdi, and the home of the Mahdi’s successor,

resembles an elephant’s trunk (khurtum). Port Sudan was founded by the British

Beit al-Khalifa, which is now a museum.

24


DJIBOUTI

A unique and captivating landscape

T

HE Republic of Djibouti, just 20 km from Yemen across the sparkling waters of the Red Sea, is a small but fascinating destination for cruise visitors.

Mini cruises by chartered motor yacht are available These include a chance to explore Lake Assal, the lowest spot in Africa, a visit to the islands of Musha and Maskali and plenty of opportunities to go

Djibouti has a population of about 500,000 and its capital is the city of Djibouti

snorkelling in beautiful calm waters and to view a

with its colourful market. This is a land of extremes, with palm-fringed beaches of

range of exotic marine life such as dolphins, turtles

white sand, primeval forests and a unique geology.

and whale sharks.

One of its main tourist attractions is the bay of Goubbet al Kharab, near the

Historical

western end of the Gulf of Tadjoura, where steep cliffs surround a bay that has

Another place of interest is the 12th century

been turned dark green by black lava. A number of active volcanoes are located

settlement of Tadjoura, the historical capital of

inland from here.

Djibouti. Day trips can be organised from here to the ForĂŞt du Day, a primeval mountain forest of giant

Another popular visitor site is the Day Forest National Park for conserving rare trees

junipers and wild olives.

on Mount Goda. Near the town of Ali Sabieh are famously red mountains and a national park full of many gazelles.

25


S ey c h e l l es

A paradise of tropical islands

S

eychelles combines all that is best about a paradise destination: a glorious climate, spectacular palm-fringed beaches with soft white sand, numerous hideaway islands and wonderful hospitality.

The key to a great holiday lies in choosing the right

More than 100 tropical islands, scattered over a million square kilometres of the

However, Seychelles is more than just one evocative

Indian Ocean, make up this ultimate paradise, situated just 4° south of the equator.

destination. It is a varied collection of tropical islands,

destination with the most suitable accommodation.

Evocative

each with its own atmosphere. While there may be The main island of Mahé acts as a starting point for a visit to paradise. Here can be

plenty of other destinations to choose from, there is

found the international airport, commercial port, fishing port, international trade

only one Seychelles.

zone and the yacht basin. Praslin is more relaxed than Mahé and is generously endowed with fabulous beaches and, away from the most popular beach at Côte d’Or, most are all but deserted.

26


MAURITIUS

Island gem looks to attract more cruise calls

T

he tropical island of Mauritius is like a green and golden jewel set in the Indian Ocean about 1,000 km east of mainland Africa. As well as being an upmarket destination for tourists – especially from Europe – Mauritius is becoming more and more popular with cruise itinerary planners.

is plenty for cruise passengers to see and do between arrival at Plaisance and departure from Port Louis. The island’s many luxury hotels also make Mauritius an ideal spot for a vacation divided between cruising and relaxing ashore.

Cruise ships Cruise ships are directed to berth in the peninsular area of Port Louis, which has deep water and good access to tour buses and service vehicles.

The island’s principal harbour is Port Louis, which currently receives about 20 cruise ship calls per year.

Mauritius Ports Authority (MPA) has long-term plans to build a dedicated

Most of these vessels are engaged in a world cruise or

cruise terminal in the old port area. In the shorter term, the MPA is looking at a

part world cruise.

less ambitious scheme that would also accommodate the Mauritius Shipping Corporation’s inter-island passenger and cargo vessels and traffic to and from

Mauritius is keen to attract more cruise schedules based entirely in the Indian Ocean. It also wants to encourage at least some of these cruises to use Port Louis as their home port.

Réunion and Rodrigues.

Airport Bunker fuel is readily available and there is a plentiful supply of provisions at competitive prices.

In fact, Mauritius is an ideal regional base for Indian Ocean cruises of seven, 10 or 14 days’ duration. There

There is an international airport in Plaisance, about 45 minutes from Port Louis, with direct flights to key destinations in Africa, Europe, the Far East and Australia.

27


CruI S e I n d i a n O c e a n

Port details

28


Port of Cape Town

Pilotage: By launch.

PO Box 4245 Cape Town 8000 Tel: +27 21 449 2612 Fax: +27 21 449 2665 Email: selmas@npa.co.za Web: www.npa.co.za

Position: 33°57’ 57.5034”S, 25°34’ 11.8194”E.

Harbour is open 24 hours a day, all year round

Accommodation: Commercial berth in a secure area or at No 2 Jetty at Victoria and Alfred Waterfront.

Length: Max 250 metres. Depth alongside: 12.0 metres. Tidal range: 1.2 metres. Bunkers: Available Fresh water: Available Garbage removal: To approved incineration.

Pilotage: By launch. Position: 33º54’S,18º26’E.

O Berth

Ship supplies: Available

Length: 310 metres.

Stevedores: Available

Depth alongside: 11.9 metres

Telephones: Available

Port of East London

Length: 310 metres.

PO Box 101 East London 5200 Tel: +27 43 700 1200 Fax: +27 43 700 2319 Email terry.taylor@transnet.net  Web: www.npo.co.za

Depth alongside: 10.9 metres

Harbour is open 24 hours a day, all year round.

incineration.

Accommodation: Commercial berth in a

Pilotage: By helicopter or launch.

secure area.

Repairs: Available

Length: Max 245 metres. Depth alongside: 10.8 metres and 8.5 metres.

Ship supplies: Available

Bunkers: Not available

Stevedores: Available

Fresh water: Available

Telephones: Available

Garbage removal: To approved incineration.

Port of Port Elizabeth

Pilotage: By launch.

PO Box 162 Port Elizabeth 6000 Tel: +27 41 507 1710 Fax: +27 41 507 1715 Web: www.npa.co.za

Position: 33º1’S, 27º55’E.

Harbour is open 24 hours a day. Closed New Year’s Day, Workers Day (1 May) and Christmas Day.

Telephones: Available

Accommodation: Commercial berth in a

Port of Durban

secure area.

Tidal range: Between 0 and 1.4 metres.

PO Box 1027 Durban 4000 Tel: +27 31 361 8795 Fax: +27 31 361 8835 Web: www.npa.co.za

Bunkers: Not available

Harbour is open 24 hours a day, all year round.

Fresh water: Available

Accommodation: N Berth Passenger

Garbage removal: To approved incineration.

(max 11.6 metres).

P Berth

Tidal range: 1.6 metres.

Depth alongside: 11.0 metres.

low water neaps 0.49 metre.

Repairs: Yes.

Repairs: Yes.

Length: Max 250 metres and 290 metres.

Tidal range: Spring high 1.8 metres and

Repairs: Available Ship supplies: Available Stevedores: Available

Terminal.

Length: 262 metres.

(max 10.6 metres).

Bunkers: Available Fresh water: Available Garbage removal: To approved

Ship supplies: Available Stevedores: Available Telephones: Available

Port of Richards Bay PO Box 181 Richards Bay 3900 Tel: +27 35 905 3440 Fax: +27 35 905 3333 Web: www.npa.co.za Harbour is open 24 hours a day, all year round.

Pilotage: By helicopter or launch. Accommodation: Passenger Terminal Length: 300 metres. Depth alongside: 8.0 metres (max 7.5 metres).

Tidal range: Spring high is 1.99 metres and 1.35 metres at low neaps.

Cargo berths Length: 240 to 280 metres. Depth alongside: 14.7 metres (max 13.5 metres).

Bunkers: Available Fresh water: Available

Depth alongside: 11.6 metres (max 11.3 metres).

29


Garbage removal: To approved

Bunkers: Available

Port Victoria

incineration.

Fresh water: Available

Ship supplies: Available

Ministry of Environment and Transport, Port and Marine Services Division PO Box 47 Victoria, Mahé Seychelles Tel: +248 224701 Fax: +248 224004 Email: ports@seychelles.net

Shiprepair: Available

Bunkers: Some fuels available

Stevedores: Available

Fresh water: Available

Pilotage: By helicopter or launch. Position: 28º48’S, 32º02’E. Repairs: Available Ship supplies: Available Stevedores: Available Telephones: Available

Port of Dar es Salaam Tanzania Ports Authority PO Box 9184 Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Tel: +255 22 211 5559 Fax: +255 22 212 2618 Email: dm@tanzaniaports.com Web: www.tanzaniaports.com

Accommodation: Commercial berths in a

Garbage removal: Available Pilotage: Compulsory. Position: 2°18’S, 40°55’E. Provisions: Available

Garbage disposal: Available

Port of Djibouti Port Autonome International de Djibouti PO Box 2107 Djibouti Tel: +253 352331, 351031 Fax: +253 355476 Email: port@intnet.dj

secure area.

Airport: International airport at Ambouli,

Length: Max 198.6 metres.

7 km from seaport, with daily regional and international flights.

Depth alongside: 10.2 metres. Bunkers: Available Fresh water: Available Garbage disposal: Available Pilotage: Compulsory. Position: 06°49’N, 39°17’E. Repairs: 100 tonne capacity slipway available Ship supplies: Available Stevedores: Available Telephones: Available

Port of Mombasa Kenya Ports Authority PO Box 95009-80104 Mombasa, Kenya Tel: +254 41 211 3999 Fax: +254 41 211 2999 Email: pr@kpa.co.ke Web: www.kpa.co.ke

Accommodation: The KPA has allocated Berths 1 and 2 in Kilindini Harbour for cruise ships, which have priority. These are deepwater quays with depths alongside of 9.45 metres to 10.8 metres LWOST. The land behind these two berths has been levelled and crane rail removed to provide a smooth surface area for buses and foot passengers. This area can be cordoned off to ensure total security.

Bunkers: Available Fresh water: Available Pilotage: Compulsory. Position: 11°36’N, 43°08’E. Repairs: Small repairs available Stevedores: Available Telephones: Available

Port Sudan Sea Ports Corporation PO Box 531 Port Sudan Tel: +249 311 31692 Fax: +249 311 22258 Email: spc@sudanmail.net

Airport: 16 miles southeast of seaport. Two flights daily to Khartoum and two flights a week to Cairo.

Bunkers: Available

Pilotage: Compulsory. Position: 04°37’S, 55°28’E. Repairs: Slipways for vessels under 300 gt. Ship supplies: Available Stevedores: Available Telephones: Available

Port Louis Mauritius Ports Authority PO Box 379 Port Administration Building Mer Rouge, Port Louis, Mauritius Tel: +230 240 5400 Fax: +230 240 0856 Email: mauport@intnet.mu Web: www.ncb1.intnet.mu/ecoi/mpa/htm

Accommodation: Cruise ships berth at Terminal 1D, which has a quay length of 170 metres and a depth alongside of 12.5 metres.

Bunkers: Available Fresh water: Available Garbage disposal: Available Pilotage: Compulsory. Position: 20°09S, 57°30E. Repairs: Available Stevedores: Available

Fresh water: Available Garbage removal: Not available

Pilotage: Compulsory. Position: 19°37’N, 37°14’E. Repairs: Minor deck and engine repairs. Stevedores: Available

31


Kenya Ports Authority

Cru i se I n d i a n O c e a n

Contact list

PO Box 95009, Mombasa, Kenya Contacts: Mr James Mulewa, Managing Director Tel: +254 41 222 6059 Fax: +254 41 223 0906 Email: kpamd@kpa.co.ke Mr Gichiri Ndua, Corporate Services Manager Tel: +254 41 222 6059 Fax: +254 41 223 0900 Email: gndua@kpa.co.ke

Tourism Promotion Agencies Cape Town Routes Unlimited

Private Bag X9108 Cape Town 8000 Tel: +27 21 426 5639/47 Fax: +27 21 426 5640 Email: info@tourismcapetown.co.za Web: www.tourismcapetown.co.za

Nelson Mandela Bay Tourism Tel: +27 41 582 2575 Fax: +27 41 582 2573 Email: info@nmbt.co.za Web: www.nmbt.co.za

Tourism Buffalo City

91 Western Avenue, Vincent, East London, 5200 PO Box 13276 East London, 5200 Tel: +27 43 721 1346 Fax: +27 43 721 1359 Email: info@tourismbuffalocity.co.za Web: www.tourismbuffalocity.co.za

Eastern Cape Tourism Board

Corner of Longfellow and Aquarium Quigney, East London PO Box 18373, Quigney, East London Eastern Cape 5211, South Africa Tel: +27 43 701 9600 Fax: +27 43 701 9649 Email: info@ectourism.co.za Web: www.ectourism.co.za

Durban Tourism

PO Box 1044, Durban 4000 Tel: +27 31 304 4934 Fax: +27 31 304 3868 Email: funinsun@iafrica.com Web: www.durban.kzn.org.za

Tourism KwaZulu-Natal PO Box 2516 Durban, 4000 3rd Floor Tourist Junction 160 Pine Street, Durban Tel: +27 31 366 7500 Fax: +27 31 305 6693 Email: kznta@iafrica.com Web: www.kzn.org.za

South African Tourism

Bojanala House, 90 Protea Road Chislehurston, Sandton, 2196 Private Bag X10012, Sandton 2146, South Africa Tel: + 27 (0)11 895 3000 Tourism Helpline: 083 123 6789 Fax: +27 (0)11 895 3001 Email: info@southafrica.net Web: www.southafrica.net

Mozambique Tourism

Tel: +27 11 803 9296 / +27 11 234 0599 Mobile: 082 394 5885 Fax: +27 11 803 9299 Skype: giselaatmozambique & giselaatmozambique 1 Email: travel@mozambiquetourism.co.za Web: www.mozambiquetourism.co.za

32

Kenya Tourism Board

Kenya-Re Towers, Ragati Road PO Box 30630 00100 Nairobi, Kenya Tel: +254 20 271 1262 Fax: +254 20 271 9925 Email: info@kenyatourism.org Web: www.magicalkenya.com

Tanzania Tourist Board

PO Box 2485 Dar-es-Salaam Tanzania Tel: +255 022 2111244 Fax: +255 022 2116420 Email: safari@ud.co.tz Web: www.tanzaniatouristboard.com

Mauritius Tourism Promotion Authority 4-5th Floor, Victoria House St Louis Street, Port Louis Republic of Mauritius Tel: +230 210 1545 Fax: +230 212 5142 Email: vianna@mtpa.mu Email: hauchler@mtpa.mu Email: robin@mtpa.mu Web: www.tourism-mauritius

Seychelles Tourism Board Bel Ombre, PO Box 1262 Victoria, MahĂŠ Seychelles Tel: +248 67 13 00 Fax: +248 62 06 20 or 62 06 40 Email: info@seychelles.com Web: www.seychelles.travel

Djibouti National Tourism Office Place du 27 Juin BP 1938, Djibouti, Djibouti Tel: 352 800 or 353 790 Web: www.office-tourisme.dj

Sudan National Tourist Board Canada

Office du Tourisme / Sudan Tourist Office c/o Ambassade Rue de 354 Stewart K1N 6K8 Ottawa Ontario Tel: 001 (613) 235-4000 Fax: 001 (613) 235-6880 Email: sudanembassy-canada@rogers.com Web: www.sudanembassy.ca/tourism

Members of the Cruise Indian Ocean Association National Ports Authority of South Africa

PO Box 32696, Braamfontein 2017 Johannesburg, South Africa Contacts: Mr Khomotso Phihlela, CEO Mr Pieter Smit, Manager, Marketing and Communications Mr Tebogo Moremi Tel: +27 11 242 4057 Tel: +27 11 242 4024 Tel: +27 83 390 8584 Fax: +27 11 242 4029 Fax: +27 11 242 4027 Email: khomotsop@npa.co.za Email: pieters@npa.co.za Email: tebogo.moremi@transnet.net www.transnetnationalportsauthority.net

Mr Bernard Osero, Public Relations Officer Tel: +254 41 223 0902 Fax: +254 41 231 1867 Email: bosero@kpa.co.ke Mr Hajj Masemo, Public Relations Officer Tel: +254 41 222 0377 Fax: +254 41 2311867 Email: hmasemo@kpa.co.ke Ms Jemimah Mwanyumba, Assistant Marketing Officer Tel: +254 41 231 2211 Fax: +254 41 31 1867 Email: jmwanyumba@kpa.co.ke Web: www.kpa.co.ke

Tanzania Ports Authority

PO Box 9184, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Contacts: Mr Ephraim N. Mgawe, Director General Tel: +255 22 212 2618 Fax: +255 22 213 0390 Mr Franklin Mziray, Public Relations Manager Mrs Francisca K. Muindi, Customer Services Manager Tel: +255 22 212 1699 Fax: +255 22 211 5559 Email: fmziray@tanzaniaports.com Email: fkmuindi@tanzaniaports.com Web: www.tanzaniaports.com

Kenya Tourist Board PO Box 30630, Nairobi

Contacts: Managing Director Tel: +254 2 711262 Fax: +254 2 719925 Email: md@kenyatourism.org Web: www.magicalkenya.com Mrs Julie T. Njeru, Product Development Manager Tel: +254 2 719924/8 Email: julie@kenyatourism.org Mr Jonathan Koinange Tel: 254 2 719931 Email: jmbiyu@kenyatourism.org

Tanzania Tourist Board

PO Box 2485, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Contacts: Mr Peter Mwenguo, Managing Director Tel: +255 22 211 1244 Tel: +255 22 211 1245 Fax: +255 22 211 6420 Email: md@ttb.ud.or.tz Email: safari@ud.co.tz Web: www.tanzaniatouristboard.com

Sea Ports Corporation Khartoum, Sudan

Contacts: Eng. Ibrahiem Elamien Ahmad Managing Director Tel: +249 3118 24103 Fax: +249 3118 22258 Email: spcp21@sudanports.net Mr Mohamed F. Nasir Tel: +249 9 1231 9462 Mr Saad A. Said Mr Galaleldin M. Ahmed Capt Omer Satti, Maritime Operations Manager Tel: +249 775869 Mob: +249 9 3118 34400 Email: harbourmaster19@hotmail.com

Other contact information: Tel: +249 9123 10462 Fax: +249 3118 22435 Fax: +249 3118 83365 Fax: +249 3117 79349 Email: spc_dmea@yahoo.com Web: www.sudanports.sd

Port Sudan Tourism

Mr Abdelgader Abu Ali, Transport Minister Tel: +249 822625 Fax: +249 8311 20543 Web: www.sudan-tourism.gov.za

Tourism KwaZulu-Natal Suite 303, Tourist Junction 160 Pine St, Durban, 4001 PO Box 2516, Durban, 4000 South Africa

Contacts: Mr Ndabo Khoza, Chief Executive Officer Mr James Seymour, General Manager, Tourism Information Services Tel: +27 31 366 7500 Tel: +27 31 366 7510 Tel: +27 31 366 7506 Mob 27-82-925-5508 Fax: +27 31 305 6693 Fax: +27 31 304 2805 Email: thuli@zulu.org.za Email: james@zulu.org.za Web: www.zulu.org.za Ms Sizile Ngubane Departmental Assistant Tourism Information Services Tel: +27 31 366 7511 Email: sizile@zulu.org.sd

Port Management Association of Eastern & Southern Africa (PMAESA) PO Box 99209, Mombasa, Kenya Mr Jerome Ntibarekerwa Secretary General Tel: +254 41 222 3245 Fax: +254 41 222 8344 Email: pmaesa@pmaesa.org Web: www.pmaesa.org

Port of Djibouti

PO Box 2107, Djibouti Contacts: Mr A. Moussa Omar, Administration and General Department Manager Tel: +253 350801 Mob: +253 810288 Fax: +253 355959 Email: aboulkarim.moussa@dpworld.com Mrs Anissa Ali, PR Manager Tel: +253 353274 Mob +253 812591 Email: anissa.ali@dpworld.com Web: www.dpworld-djibouti.com

Eastern Cape Tourism Board

Corner of Longfellow and Aquarium Quigney, East London PO Box 18373 Quigney East London 5211 South Africa Mr Zola Tshefu Tel: +27 43 701 9600 Fax: +27 43 701 9649 Email: info@ectourism.co.za Web: www.ectourism.co.za


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