Page 1


MAY - JULY 2012

AFRICAN CUP OF NATIONS Zambia’s soccer victory is just what the president ordered…



Nairobi Fashion Market draws in the clothes-conscious crowds


Apple’s voice-driven ‘assistant’ has all the answers ALSO INSIDE THIS ISSUE:






AT: NE I L om ON c . K 0 O BO y54

Issue 5 - MAy-juLy


w.fl w w




39 27 eXploReR


Story of African slavery is brought to life in Bagamoyo

03 in this issUe

Welcome to the ‘new look’ 540 magazine

Coming to a screen near you...

04 540 news

30 BuSINeSSHub

The latest news from the 540 family

16 tanZanian wine

Wine is Tanzania’s best-kept (and most welcome) secret

is published by

lanD & maRine pUBlications (Kenya) ltD Suite A5, 1st Floor, Ojijo Plaza 20 Plums Lane, off Ojijo Road, Parklands PO Box 2022, Village Market 00621 Nairobi, Kenya Tel: +254 (0)20 374 1934 Email: Editor: Denis Gathanju Sales Manager: Linda Gakuru on behalf of

Fly540 Riverside Green Suites, Palm Suite, Riverside Drive PO Box 10293-00100, Nairobi, Kenya Tel: +254 (0)20 445 2391/2/3/4/5 Email

The opinions expressed in this publication are not necessarily those of the editor, or any other organisation associated with this publication. No liability can be accepted for any inaccuracies or omissions. ©2012 Land & Marine Publications (Kenya) Ltd

28 latest Releases

Will Africa’s biggest bank be a mobile telecom company?

33 cITYGuIDE Entebbe - uganda

18 commUnity

Fly540 partners with IcFEM Mission to speed community transformation

34 cuLTuRe&ARTS A paradise for shopaholics



Eco-loving Wild Catz take on the Rhino challenge


Zambia’s soccer victory is just what the President ordered...

11 SucceSSSTORy

39 ProductReview

Voice-driven ‘assistant’ has all the answers

41 FeelingGood

Project gives quality of life back to hundreds of Kenyans

Don’t let digestive problems ruin your day


46 KiDZ coRneR




36 the Fly540 netwoRK

Conservation is no mean task

Mara Ngenche Camp

As rare as a snowfight in Kenya

42 tRaVel inFoRmation


Essential travel and visa information

Experiencing a traditional wedding


44 Fly540 Fleet

Champagne on ice? Head for La Marina

48 Fly540 contacts

AfricA’s low cost Airline:



in this



elcome to issue No 5 of 540

magazine, which comes exactly

a year after the completion of the launch issue in May 2011.

Rather than stand still, and after just

It seems like only yesterday when we were on the edge of our seats watching Zambia’s Copper Bullets play and beat Côte d’Ivoire on penalties in the AFCON fi nal. We review the tourna-

four issues, this magazine is sporting a

ment and recap the excitement of that

smart new look and regular feature pages

sultry February night in Libreville.

which I hope our readers will appreciate. As Fly540 has grown and developed

There are interesting features, too, on Kenyan ‘snow’, ugandan weddings,

over the last 12 months, so 540 maga-

eating out at La Marina in Mtwapa and

zine has blossomed, with increasing

articles about a wild female team taking

‘This magazine is sporting a smart new look’

part in the demanding Rhino

© Cetawico

Charge; mobile phone virtual banks in our Business Hub section;

and a profile of the Kamili Organisation

advertising suppport from right across East Africa. In this issue – and it’s our cover story

and the good work it undertakes. For our younger readers, I can recomsurely keep them transfixed for the

viniculture industry. judging by the

duration of this flight.

current growth in wine production it could

Anyway, I hope you enjoy

be time for South Africa to sit up and take

reading this issue of 540 while

notice of an upstart rival from Dodoma.

sitting back as Fly540 takes

This magazine’s fresh style reflects a wider interest by 540 in design as we


good care of you – whatever your destination in and around East Africa. If you have any comments about the

take a peek inside the delightful Mara

magazine, please feel free to contact me

Ngenche Camp and feature the highly


regarded Nairobi Fashion Market with

Our feature on Tanzania’s fast growing wine sector as it seeks new markets around East Africa.

mend Kidz Corner on Page 46. It will

– 540 takes a look at Tanzania’s fledging


looK oUt FoR... 

an incomprable guide to what we should

Gary Gimson

be wearing in the months ahead.

Publisher, 540 magazine

In our new “latest releases” section you can find up to date information and reviews for the latest film and book releases. One of the films featured in this issue is American Reunion, the final instalment of the American Pie Series starring Jason Biggs, Alyson Hannigan and Sean William Scott. Page 29

AfricA’s low cost Airline:


news Fly540 at the getaway eXpo

moRe Flights to JUBa


ast-expanding regional airline

Fly540 has introduced six more

flights each week between Nairobi and Juba in response to demand generated by the growing trade links between Kenya and South Sudan.

Announcing the new services, Don

to ukunda from Wilson Airport in Nairobi in August brought the total of our destinations within Kenya to 18. We now fly to more places within this country than any other airline.”

Tickets for the airline’s destinations

“From October 15th we will be operating

are available from travel agents and

double daily flights on the South Sudan

the Fly540 offices at Wilson Airport,

route from Monday to Thursday with

Laico Regency and ABC Place. Full

one daily flight on Friday, Saturday and

information on fares and services can

Sunday. We are monitoring passenger

be obtained from the website www.

loads and we will introduce more fl ights and passengers can book

when they are needed.

fl ights online and pay via M-Pesa.


November 2006 with a daily fl ight

“The juba route will be served by the

between Nairobi and Mombasa for local

CRj 50-seater twin jet, which we recently

and overseas business and holiday

added to our fleet of aircraft. This will also

travellers. The airline’s value-for-

be used for flights between Nairobi and

money fl ights won instant popularity

Mombasa to add capacity and improve the

and Fly540 now has regional serv-

punctuality of services to the coast.”

ices to Dar es Salaam, Entebbe, juba,

The annual expo is a great avenue for Fly540 to make players in the tourism industry, and the general public, aware of Fly540’s regional reach, and especially its highly competitive flying packages to various parts of the country. The Fly540 stand was a hive of activity as tour operators, travel agents, hotels and members of the public queued to book flights and make inquiries. Fly540’s in-flight magazine, 540, was also a favourite take-away copy for many.

Fly540 commenced operations in

Kilimanjaro, Mtwara, Mwanza and

within Kenya, Don Smith said: “The

Zanzibar in addition to a strong

introduction of direct return fl ights

network within Kenya.


ly540 Aviation this year participated in the annual Getaway Expo hosted by the Kenya Tourist Board at the Sarit Centre Expo.


Smith, chief executive of Fly540, said:

Talking about the Fly540 network


holiDays 2012  toURism FaiR Jane Soita, of Fly540, explains the airline’s destinations to Dr Kirit Dave and Mrs Deepika Dave at this year’s Getaway Expo at the Sarit Centre.




passengeR wins a million shillings


ierina Redler, director of service learning and activities at the

International School of Kenya, was the lucky winner of KES 1 million

during Fly540’s fi fth anniversary and millionth passenger celebrations.

The surprise announcement was

November 2011 marked the fifth anniversary of Fly540 and the realisation that we will carry our one-millionth passenger in the same month inspired us to celebrate this landmark in the airline’s history

at Brighter Star Girls Secondary

Forest and helping to clean and feed

School in Lamu and install cupboards

animals at KSPCA.”

and lockers. These pupils learn in

Tickets for the airline’s destina-

very difficult circumstances without

tions are available from travel agents

books and I am happy I will to use my

and the Fly540 offices at JKIA, Wilson

winnings to help them.

Airport, Laico Regency and ABC Place. Full information on fares and serv-

made by Don Smith, chief executive of


Fly540, at the airline’s check-in area at

“My duties at the international and passengers can book

unit 3 of jomo Kenyatta International

School of Kenya include organising

fl ights online and pay via M-Pesa.

Airport (jKIA). Pierina Redler, who

service learning programmes where

had just checked in at the counter and

our students visit public schools in

was ready to board the airline’s flight to

Kangemi, Dagoretti, Kiambu, Gachie,

Lamu, leaped up and down with excite-

Mombasa and Lamu in which children

ment as she was presented with a cheque

learn from each other through active

for KES 1 million.

participation. The aim is to build

Speaking at jKIA, Don Smith said:

ices can be obtained from the website

strong community relationships. We

“This November marks the fi fth anni-

also have environmental projects and

versary of Fly540 and the realisation

we have been planting trees at Karura

 one million shillings Pierina Redler (centre), director of service learning and activities at the International School of Kenya, was the lucky winner of KES 1 million during the Fly540 fifth anniversary and millionth passenger celebrations. She received her cheque from Sonal Solanki (right) and Effie Ochieng (left) customer service agents for Fly540.

that we will carry our one-millionth passenger in the same month inspired us to celebrate this landmark in the airline’s history by rewarding a customer with a special gift of one million shillings.

ValUe-FoR-money “In November 2006 Fly540 opened for business with the promise of providing value-for-money fl ights. The Nairobi to Mombasa route was chosen to offer daily fl ights for local and overseas business and holiday travellers. A combination of reliability and low fares brought Fly540 instant popularity.” Pierina Redler said, “I will use the money to buy textbooks for students

AfricA’s low cost Airline:


aFRican cUp oF nations



oon after leading his soccer team to victory against Ghana – the

bookies’ favourites to win the African Cup of Nations in Gabon and Equatorial Guinea – Christopher Katongo, captain of the Zambian national

soccer team, received a phone call.

It was this order, I believe, that

By Denis gathanJU

inspired the Chipolopolo or Copper Bullets, as Zambia’s national team are

Kalusha Bwalya, president of the

known, to pierce the tough skin of The

Zambian Football Association,

Elephants (the Ivory Coast team) in a

displayed no emotion. He is the sole

dramatic fi nal in Libreville, Gabon.

survivor of the national squad who

Apart from the military order,

perished in 1993 by virtue of the fact

Panting and drenched in sweat,

one must consider the fact that, some

that he was intending to fly directly

Katongo heard the voice of President

two decades ago, the entire Zambian

from the Netherlands to Senegal, where

Michael Sata, commander-in-chief of

national team lost their lives in a plane

Zambia were due to play.

the Zambian armed forces, say: “Win it

crash near Libreville.

for Zambia!” In effect, Sata was giving an order,

Fighting spiRit

One of the best soccer players Africa has ever produced, Bwalya is credited with leading a new Zambian team to

bearing in mind that Katongo serves in

Come the fi nal, an emotional Zambian

the fi nals of the African Cup of Nations

the Zambian military with the rank of

team emerged from the tunnel

in Tunisia in 1994, almost single-hand-

Warrant Officer One.

knowing this was the moment.

edly. Zambia lost in the fi nal to Nigeria,


Issue 5


 Team cELEBRATes win Members of Zambia’s national soccer team celebrate after winning the 2012 African Cup of Nations tournament final match against Ivory Coast at the Stade de l’Amitié in Gabon’s capital, Libreville © REUTERS/Thomas Mukoya

but the message was clear: Zambia were no pushover. Ivory Coast saw at first-hand the fighting spirit of the Zambians

The next moment,

‘I think this African Cup of Nations has exposed a fresh pedigree of talented young African players’

in February when they withstood

I was shouting ‘Halle-

constant raids on their goal by the

lujah!’ as Drogba’s

star-studded Ivory Coast team. The

screamer flew into the

Zambians defended well and attacked

Libreville night sky.

with near-military precision. If Ivory

Our prayers had been

Coast, who had not conceded any goals

answered and the Zambians survived to

in the competition, thought they would

play on into extra time.

walk over the Zambians, they were in for a shock.

penalties I thought the game was virtually over and the Ivorians would return to Abidjan

Love it or hate it, football is a

the most entertaining of the tourna-

unifying force, especially in Africa.

ment, producing two of its finest goals.

That cold February night, I felt as if the

The superb strike by Ghanaian

whole African continent – and, indeed,

mid-fielder Emmanuel Agyemang-Badu

the world – was rooting for Zambia.

from the edge of the penalty area was

The final aside, this year’s African

a cracker. His shot whizzed past the

with the trophy when the referee

Cup of Nations underlined the fact that

Guinean keeper, who had no chance

awarded them a penalty kick after Gerv-

Africa has a deep pool of soccer talent,

of stopping the shot. If he had dared, I

inho was brought down in the box.

with many up-and-coming players set

reckon he would have been sent into the

to make their mark at football grounds

back of the net, so powerful was the shot.

When Didier Drogba, the lethal marksman, who also plays for Chelsea,

across Europe, Asia and North America.

stepped forward to take the spot kick,

In the absence of soccer giants such


my heart sank. At that moment, I felt,

as Nigeria, Cameroon, Egypt and South

The Guineans answered this with

all Zambians must be praying.

Africa, it was time for the smaller

a superbly taken shot when Souley-

nations of Africa to rise to the challenge.

mane Camara looped his shot over the

I was particularly excited by the joint

Ghanaian keeper and into the net.

hosts, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon,

All in all, I think this African Cup of

both of whom displayed excellent ball

Nations has exposed a fresh pedigree

control and creative mid-field play along

of talented young African players.

with beautifully crafted goals.

This time, the tournament included

Ghana’s Black Stars, the tourna-

many footballers who play in domestic

ment’s favourites along with Ivory

leagues in Africa, as opposed to

Coast, fell under the superb strike from

previous events in which teams

Zambia’s Emmanuel Mayuka. But, for

such as Nigeria and Cameroon would

me, the match between Ghana and

parade only foreign-based players

Guinea in the group stages was one of

in their squads.

Africa’s low cost airline:



On a mission

Project gives quality of life back to hundreds of Kenyans


n 2006 a psychiatric nurse,

Melanie Blake, returned to Kenya

after 24 years of living in England. She read about a mental health

clinic in Kangemi, a poor district of Nairobi, run by Basic Needs, a

not-for-profit organisation based in

the UK. Melanie met director Joyce Kingori and the path was set. She

helped in Kangemi for a few months,

and then Joyce told her about a clinic

Three years ago a woman brought her twin brothers to the clinic. During the assessment she said that one buried his clothes and the other threw away the food she made for him. With regular medication, the twins, now aged 35, are generally productive members of the family, and their sister is happy to accompany them to the clinic for their monthly medication. No visitor can fail to be touched by the

being set up with funding in Lower

community spirit at Lower Kabete.

to run it. The first clinic was held in


Kabete and asked if she would like

April 2007 in a tiny backroom with one psychiatrist and a nurse from

Mathari, the government-run mental health institution.

In 2009 Melanie, with the help of Karen Stephenson and Dr Monique

Funding for Kamili has come from


various sources. A lot of money has been raised by Melanie through the annual Safaricom Family Challenge,

Outreach clinics offer medication, help and support to the people that need it most

an outdoor family fun event.

© Giulio D’Ercole

In addition to providing medication,

Mucheru, legitimised the two mental

the organisation runs a small micro

health outreach clinics that Melanie

finance programme aimed at

had stepped in to run. They set up the

funding those patients who are

Kamili Organisation, with a mission to

well enough to run a small business

provide equal access to services and

with achievable payback terms.

affordable care and to improve the quality of life for sufferers.


One young man, who had been due to compete in the Olympics as a long-distance runner, suffered

Over the past year, the outreach clinics have recorded 2,229 consultations

from cerebral malaria, leaving him

Over the past year, the outreach clinics

with epilepsy. As a result of a loan, he

have recorded 2,229 consultations.

has set up an electrical shop and has

Patients have been able to find work,

doubled the family’s monthly income.

earn an income and become stable,

It is just one of a number of success

serving members of their communities.

stories arising from the micro finance

The stigma associated with mental


illness has been reduced, so that people

Kamili works closely with other

in the community are more willing to

grassroots mental health organisa-

come forward and help. And there has

tions to create a support network

been less domestic violence as a result

and offer counselling. Volunteers are

of mental illness.

always welcome, as are donations.

Africa’s low cost airline:



is no mean


Tourism continues to be a key economic engine for the Kenyan economy. The traditional beach and safari products have placed Kenya on the global tourism map. Wildlife and environmental conservation have been hot button issues in Kenya, but have all along contributed immensely to the development of the Kenyan tourism product. 540 Magazine’s Contributing Editor Denis Gathanju sought the views of Dr julius Kipng’etich, director of the Kenya Wildlife Service, the government body that is mandated to manage Kenya’s game parks and national reserves.

Denis Gathanju: The environment and the protection of wildlife are hot button topics in Kenya. What would you say are some of the challenges that affect conservation efforts in Kenya? Julius Kipng’etich: Conservation work is not easy and the dynamics on the ground keep on changing. The growing population is exerting pressure on limited resources and this goes on to affect conservation efforts mainly due to increased human-wildlife confl ict. The situation is further aggravated by the constant food and water shortages that we face in various parts of the country. On top of this, livestock keeping in Kenya needs to be controlled so that it is not only sustainable, but balanced out with the wildlife density that we have in the country.

 paRK Visit Dr Kipng’etich oversees conservation projects and visits national park


Issue 5

DG: With such challenges in mind, how does KWS as an institution intend to overcome some of these challenges?

MyWORLD: Daniel Ndambuki

‘The growing population is exerting pressure on limited resources and this goes on to affect conservation efforts mainly due to increased human-wildlife conflict’

JK: Our strategy at KWS towards addressing some of these challenges is two-pronged; we are looking at medium and long-term measures that seek to address these challenges. We endeavour to better our law enforcement measures, in the short and medium term. This will be achieved through a multi-pronged approach that embraces the power of technology. We will also be placing an emphasis on training and education of the respective communities that live close to the national game parks and wildlife conservancies as well as our staff. This blends well with our longterm approach, through which we seek to uplift and actively engage with the various communities across the country. With this approach, we want to make use of vast portions of communal lands to establish wildlife conservancies that will be of much benefit to the communities. Setting up wildlife conservancies on these lands, we believe, will go a long way into encouraging not only wildlife tourism, but cultural tourism as well. These strategies fit perfectly with the larger strategy of developing new tourism products. The tourism industry has been identified as one of the critical economic pillars that is set to transform Kenya into a middle-income economy by 2030 under Vision 2030. I believe that if we embrace and

a BUsy man  Julius Kipng’etich, director of Kenya Wildlife Service, shares a joke with another member of the conversation team (above). Dr Kipng’etich with Mark Glen (right).

implement such measures that encourage community participation in wildlife conservation and tourism development, we are on the right track towards achieving this goal. DG: Heading the KWS is no mean task.

It gives you the kind of feeling that you

What keeps you going and motivated to

are just next to God because we are

do what you do every other day?

doing this for humanity. We do whatever we do because it is

JK: The thought that we are

a calling and the rewards that come

conserving our wildlife and envi-

from it all are just a by the way.

ronment for ourselves and future

When I walk in the streets and ordi-

generations has been our clarion call.

nary people come and shake my hand

The fact that what we do every day

and tell me that we are doing a great

makes life bearable and we are adding

job, it makes me very happy and I am

value to wide open spaces and helping

most thankful to the team behind me

change our country is a big motivator.

that has made this a reality.

AfricA’s low cost Airline:



maRa ngenche camp


tua Enkop has gained a

reputation for running discreet

and stylish properties and its Mara Ngenche Camp is no exception.

This is an intimate high-end camp

Each tent comes with an impressive and traditional four-poster bed and ornate armchairs. The spacious bathrooms feature rather luxurious free-standing Victorian-style baths and

comprising just six roomy and iden-

circular his and hers basins. There is

tical khaki-coloured tents perched on a

also an outdoor but very private shower.

bank overlooking the confluence of the

The common area – or more specifi-

Mara and Talek rivers and deep inside

cally the lounge tent – follows the

the Masai Mara National Reserve.

same theme, being furnished with

Mara Ngenche is set in a quiet yet

comfortable sofas on which guests can

game-rich stretch of the Mara just 20

relax and admire the intriguing and

minutes from Olkiombo airstrip.

sometimes unusual Maasai artworks.

common themes

The restaurant, which is located in a separate tent and used mostly for fi ne-

Mara Ngenche is one of four properties

dining evening meals, is kept simple,

run by Atua Enkop. Anyone familiar

with Atua Enkop doubtless preferring

with the other three – Samburu’s

to catch the eye with its elegant and

Elephant Bedroom Camp, Mbweha Camp

perfectly presented table settings.

near Nakuru and Tipilikwani, also in the Mara – will recognise some common

But catch the eye Mara Ngenche certainly does.

camp style  Mara Ngenche has that understated colonialesque look that seems to work well and contrasts with other properties in the Atua Enkop portfolio.

themes in terms of style. yet the quartet retains a delightful distinctiveness. In this case, Atua Enkop has opted for a slightly more understated, tasteful feel instead of the contemporary and almost arty look of, say, Elephant Bedroom Camp. Mara Ngenche’s 54 square metre tents are decked with attractive hand-carved Maasai-style ornaments, and furnishings that give a nod in the direction of Kenya’s colonial heritage.

AfricA’s low cost Airline:


wine is tanZania’s Best-Kept (AND MOST WELCOME) secRet Modest role in the world rankings Tanzania is second only to South Africa in an (albeit very modest) list of sub-Saharan Africa’s top wine producers. In the north, of course, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco and even Egypt remain significant producers, although less important than they once were. In the 1950s, for example, a third of the world’s wine was produced in North Africa. Now, the biggest of the four, Algeria, is ranked a lowly 27th in the world league table and for various reasons the region’s wine production has gone into a sad spiral of decline. As yet, Tanzania does not even feature in the most up-to-date world league table of wine production. But let’s see what happens when new production figures are released by the prestigious Wine Institute.


Issue 5



t may come as a surprise, but

Tanzania is sub-Saharan Africa’s

second-biggest wine producer.

Clearly, South Africa dominates the

wine pioneers

advising farmers on viticultural practices and is confident that grape growing will become a meaningful contributor to Tanzania’s agricultural GDP and has set

continent’s wine sector. But, judging

itself the task of doubling production of

by the investment now being chan-

locally produced grapes, which are hand-

nelled into grape production, Tanzania

farmed. With few tractors, even soil

is looking to offer serious competition

preparation is undertaken manually.

in terms of quality to the consistently

Owing to the lack of irrigation, almost all

great wines that come out of the Cape.

vineyards are made up of dry land and

Commercial wine production is concentrated in an area around the

virtually no chemicals are used. At the end of the day, however,

capital, Dodoma, at 1,100 metres above

Dodoma is still classified as a tropical

sea level. Here, producers have found

area and farmers harvest twice a year.

an agreeable climate and a soil suit-

Unfortunately, the February harvest

able for grape growing. Grapes need a

comes at a time of seasonal rains and

particular climate in which to thrive

is mostly affected by rot, mildew and

– not too hot (except, perhaps, when

other diseases. By contrast, the August

ripening), but not too cold, because a

harvest is picked during the dry season,

late frost kills the vines. The climate

with cooler temperatures, so the fruit is

also needs to be sunny, with just

able to ripen slowly. As a result, yields

enough rain and low humidity. Dodoma

are much more favourable.

is one of the few places in Africa, outside southern Africa, where this


perfect combination can be found.

Founded in 2002, Italian-owned Cetawico


is in the same market with its tempting

Wine production in Tanzania is not new. In 1961, immediately after independence, former President Julius Nyerere encouraged the introduction of grapevines and ask foreign missionaries to provide expertise. By 1963, the inmates at Isanga prison were planting four acres of grapes and these plantings were later extended to some of the local villages. The prison later installed a winery plant and was the region’s sole buyer of grapes for processing. In 1969 this operation became Dodoma Wine Co (Dowico), which set up a research centre and generally encouraged farmers to extend grape production. However, it is generally agreed that the wine was of very poor quality and Dowico’s largely undrinkable output will not be missed.

© Cetawico

Judging by the investment now being channelled into grape production, Tanzania is looking to offer serious competition to South Africa

There are companies behind Tanzania’s

crispy whites (a chenin

ambitious foray into grape growing:

blanc), reds (using a blend

Tanzania Distilleries Ltd (TDL), which is

of chenin blanc, teroldego,

affiliated to South Africa’s giant Distell

marzemino, aglianico and

group, plus producers Cetawico Cantina

syrah) and a rosé – all from co-opera-

director, Gabriella Balsamo: “We involve

Sociale di Dodoma and Tanganyika

tively grown grapes.

around 450 farmers in the local Dodoma

Vineyards Co (Tavico). Both rely on a

Unlike TDL, Cetawico is not part of

region. We are working with the Tanza-

network of small local farmers for their

a major multinational drinks busi-

nian government as well as supporting

grapes. These now produce 23,000 tonnes

ness. On the contrary, its presence

a national project called Kilimo Kuanza,

of fruit a year, from the 2,000 hectares

in Tanzania is partly luck and partly

which supports young farmers”.

under cultivation, explains TDL’s oenolo-

circumstance. Cetawico is associ-

gist Kirstin Sharp. But only 7 per cent of

ated with the Fondazione San Zeno, a

wico’s output is consumed within

this output is used in wine production.

For the time-being most of Ceta-

Verona-based humanitarian organi-

Tanzania, but exports to Rwanda are

Cetawico produces Overmeer wine (a

sation. Its roots in Tanzania can be

now under way and plans are in hand

bag in a box brand), which is then pack-

traced to the pioneering work of an

to ship bottles to Kenya and Uganda.

aged by TDL, and has a variety of dry

Italian missionary who experimented

whites and reds from a mix of maku-

with planting vines and growing

to appear on lists compiled by knowl-

topora, chenin blanc, shiraz and cabernet

grapes during his time in Tanzania.

edgeable US and European wine clubs.

sauvignon grapes.

Seeing the potential and building

In fact, Cetawico’s produce is starting

For example, a bottle of Cetawico Presi-

on the missionary’s early success, the

dential Reserve Tanzania Red retails

Van Ryn’s brandy label and this expertise

Fondazione San Zeno, with its local

for a hefty US$21 and a Cetawico Sharye

in being used locally to make a brandy

partners, then financed the commer-

Tanzania Red sells for a more modest

marketed as Valeur. Its own label brands

cial production of wine. The first wine

US$12.22 on one specialist US-based

comprise Imagi and Dodoma wines and

was produced in 2005 and annual

wine site.

these have received a favourable reaction

output continues to grow rapidly and

from the market since launch in February.

has now reached two million litres.

In South Africa, Distell is known for its

Distell has played a major role in

Clearly, Tanzania is now producing some great wines. So, let us all raise a

Says Cetawico’s assistant managing

glass to a vintage year

Africa’s low cost airline:


Fly540 partners with IcFEM Mission to speed community transformation A village fellowship  Staffed by local people, IcFEM responds to community needs by growing strong leaders to take their community forward, working with the local administration and government officials. In 2006 a community structure was established and today there are more than 1,200 Village Fellowships in 20 Local Transformation Unit (LTUs) with over 65,000 members.

Local Transformation Unit (LTU) launch  Based in Kimilili, Bungoma County, the Interchristian Fellowships’ Evangelical Mission (IcFEM) aims to achieve sustainable community development through training and enabling people to change their lives. IcFEM is grateful to Fly540 for its help in providing access to the community it serves in western Kenya.

 IcFEM LOCAL UNITS Recently, the Village Discipleship programme graduated over 600 people. The ‘Sponsor a Village’ scheme brings direct outside funding to individual villages, providing the training to address local needs in areas such as agriculture, clean water and sanitation. The ‘Sponsor a Village’ scheme connects supporters with the work of IcFEM. For a monthly donation of £18.50 / €23 / $30 / KES 2200 the mission assigns one of the villages to a supporter. Sponsors receive emails every two weeks with an illustrated update. Sponsors are welcome to visit IcFEM’s head office in Kimilili and spend time in ‘their’ village. Villagers are trained to give an authentic account of how communities are being transformed by IcFEM’s work. Partnerships with outside agencies such as ROPE, the Harambee Foundation, Tearfund, and The Water Project have brought school buildings, quality education, better polytechnics, water boreholes, relief and welfare and medical services to many. The mission also runs a nursery and a primary school, with opportunities for orphans, as well as a secondary education sponsorship scheme. A medical care centre near Kaptola provides special services like oxygen and nebuliser therapy, sponsored cataract eye surgery, X-ray, ultrasound, dentistry and orthopaedic workshop. It also runs medical outreach clinics in rural areas.

 Club foot cure Free Ponseti plastering treatment for children under two years old


Issue 5


BUILDING  Right and below: School building improvements involving the Harambee Foundation

SURGERY  Cataract eye surgery every month

Relief and welfare 


Community members helping their less well-off neighbours

New boreholes and wells

FURTHER INFORMATION Visit the IcFEM websites to learn more. General information:


Gap students and volunteers:

The work of IcFEM brings a constant stream of visitors from within Kenya, East Africa, Europe and the USA. The easiest way to visit the mission in Kimilili is to take the daily Fly540 service from Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi to Kitale airstrip, about 45 minutes by road from Kimilili. Other visitors include students on IcFEM’s gap programme, and school, university and church groups

‘Sponsor a Village’ scheme: You can contact the director, Solomon Nabie, by email:

Africa’s low cost airline:



A s ra r e a s

a snowfighT in KenYa... T

he sight of Kenyan children

throwing ‘snowballs’ and enjoy-

ing the novelty of a ‘snowfall’ is a rare one indeed.

These remarkable images were captured on camera by 540 editor Denis Gathanju, who was driving from Nairobi to Nakuru when he came on this highly unusual scene. It happened when the area around Kijabe, about 30 miles from the Kenyan capital, was hit by a freak hailstorm. As a result, the normally grass-green countryside was partly covered by a white sheet of hailstones that looked for all the world like snow. School children took full advantage of the unique conditions resulting from the shower of hail. The excited children were joined by teachers and other villagers as they pelted each other with ‘snowballs’. Hailstorms are a rare occurrence in this region, although there was a fall of hail some years ago in a village near Nyahururu in central Kenya. According to the Kenya Meteorological Department, the hailstorm was caused by a convergence between the warm ocean currents from the Indian Ocean and cold air from the Congo Basin.

AfricA’s low cost Airline:


eXperiencing a TraDiTionaL weDDing In African tradition, the marriage ceremony was and is still one of the most important and defining moments in a person’s life. The ceremonies are as varied and exciting as the communities who practise them. Anna Lefik, a writer based in Frankfurt, Germany, recently made her first trip to Africa to visit a friend in Kampala. On a visit to Mbale District, in eastern Uganda, she witnessed a new culture and wedding tradition.


ocated in eastern Africa, close to the equator, Uganda is a sono-

rous name that promises a diverse and unique natural beauty. Once

described by Winston Churchill as

the ‘Pearl of Africa’, it is characterised by rainforests, savannas and

large expanses of water, not least the White Nile and Lake Victoria.

My recent trip to Uganda was my fi rst not only to that country, but also to Africa. I enjoyed some unique


Issue 5

its eggs in sweet potatoes and destroys the yield of sweet potato farmers. During my visit to Kampala, I stayed with my friend in a house in Makindye Hill. My fi rst day in Uganda began at 4 am when my plane landed at Entebbe Airport. Just a few hours later I had already travelled in one of the small buses known as matatus to the centre of Kampala. Uganda’s only decent form of public transport is buses. There are two types: the matatus (also known as taxis); and larger buses covering longer distances. The public transport network also includes the so-called boda-bodas – mopeds, motorcycles or bicycles. Riding on them is slightly more expensive than the matatus and can be quite an adventure – especially when there is dense traffic and the riders try to overtake traffic jams.

aTTenDing a marriage ceremonY

experiences and got to know many fi ne

As I wanted to get to know the local

people. This opportunity arose because

culture, I jumped at the chance to

a friend of mine is a Ph.D. student at

attend an ‘introduction ceremony’

the International Potato Institute in

to which I had been invited by local

Kampala. She studies the cylas formi-

people. My friend and I drove to Mbale,

carius, more commonly known as the

about 200 km north-east of Kampala

sweet potato weevil, an insect that lays

near Mount Elgon. It is not widely

EASTAFRICANS known in Europe that outstanding coffee is grown in the mountains of Uganda. Besides Arabica coffee they also grow Robusta, which has a stronger taste. The Bagisu people live mainly in the Mbale district on the slopes of Mount Elgon. Culturally, they are closely related to the Bukusu of Kenya. The Bagisu speak Lugisu, a dialect of the Bantu language Masaaba. At the traditional ceremony of introduction, called Kwanjula in Uganda, the future husband and his relatives are presented to the parents and relatives of the bride. It also functions as a traditional wedding ceremony.

battle of tongues A major component of Kwanjula is a friendly ‘battle of tongues’ between



Family, friends and villagers congregate

The next day we went to Jinja to see the source of the River Nile from Lake Victoria. The Bujagali Dam is being built. Once completed, it will supply more than 5 million households with power.

representatives of both families excluding the bridegroom. In this debate they challenge each other with

when we entered. Besides the two

questions and knowledge.

families and their guests, there were

Before the event, we drove to the village of the bridegroom where we dressed and the groom’s family got

a number of villagers who follow the festivities curiously.

together. I had to put on the tradi-


tional Ugandan dress, the gomesi, a

Music was played and young women

floor-length, colourful garment with a

danced in groups of five in a square. In

square neckline and short puff sleeves

between dances, the ‘battle of tongues’

and fastened with a sash at the hips.

took place. These sequences were

The garment has two buttons on the

repeated several times until finally

left side and is made of silk, cotton

the mother of the groom appeared

or linen. Under the gomesi one wears

among one of the dancing groups. She

a cloth called a kanga or kikooyi so

‘rediscovered’ her son to the audience

that the gomesi does not stick to the

and turned him into the centre of the

body. The gomesi can be worn on any

action while continuing to dance.

occasion and in rural areas is used as

Everything was accompanied by

everyday wear. City dwellers wear it

clapping and cheering by the family

for special occasions such as weddings

of the groom. Later, the bride could be

or funerals.

seen among the dancing girls. Finally,

After all preparations were final-

the gifts were presented and discussed

ised, we travelled in a convoy with the

in detail. The ceremony lasted until

gifts to the village of the bride, where

seven o’clock in the evening and ended

the celebration was to take place. We

with a meal consisting of traditional

also brought fruit and other food as

porridges such as the popular matoke

well as cows, goats and a cockerel.

(a mash of green plantains), chicken,

On arrival, we were separated into

chapati, rice and beans. There was

two rows, men and women, and then

plenty to eat, so the children of the

waited for permission to enter the

village were also given something.

celebration grounds. The family of the

After the event we were taken back

bride had already taken their seats

to Mbale.

The following days I spent in Kampala, where I visited the markets and made a sightseeing tour on a boda-boda. The tour took me to the Bahai temple, the royal palace, the two Christian churches, the mosque, Lake Victoria and Old Kampala. The prominent buildings are located mostly on one of the Seven Hills of Kampala with fine views of the city. The Bahai Temple in Kampala is the only one in Africa and, with its park, probably the most peaceful place in the city. The taxi park in Kampala is also impressive. It usually takes some effort to find, among the crowd of matatus, the one that goes in the direction you want. Basically, it helps to ask the drivers. Once all the seats of the bus were occupied, the matatu drove off. However, it took a while until we moved off the parking area and into the street because of traffic and waiting for passengers. During the journey, the bus stopped several times to let off and pick up new passengers. Because as many passengers as possible are transported at once, you do not have much space in the bus. The markets in Kampala sell mainly fruit and vegetables, although there are a few stalls where you can buy traditional arts and crafts. The range of fruit and vegetables varies by season and generally include bananas, watermelons, pineapples, papayas, mangoes, sweet potatoes, carrots and jackfruits. As a résumé of my trip, I recommend anyone interested in culture, the Ugandan country and its people to engage as much as possible and they will be rewarded with some unforgettable experiences. Those with more time can see even more of the countryside and possibly go on a gorilla safari.

Africa’s low cost airline:




on ice?



enya’s north coast is teeming with activity and exciting

things to see or do. And for those

a picturesque view of Arab dhows, yachts and fi shing boats sailing in and out of the creek. There is also a well-

who enjoy good food, the north coast

stocked bar.

restaurants in which to sample the


offers a fascinating mix of hotels and very wide range of cuisine on offer.

For those keen on more adventure, the

For seafood lovers, a little-kept

restaurant offers a Champagne Cruise

secret would be La Marina Restau-

to a ‘secret’ island that only appears

rant. Tucked away from the hustle

once a month owing to the tidal flows

and bustle of the new entertainment

of the ocean. The journey to the aptly

district of Mtwapa, just north of

named Champagne Island is made in

Mombasa City, the restaurant offers a

a traditional dhow. Guests are served

truly enriching fi ne dining experience.

champagne during the dhow trip and


champagne crUise  Guests on Champagne Island are well looked after by friendly staff

on arrival at the island.

Those who have dined there claim La Marina is the best seafood restaurant in Mombasa. Like most hotels and restaurants on the Kenyan coast, La Marina offers freshly caught seafood, delivered to the restaurant by local fi shermen from Mtwapa Creek and Kilifi. The restaurant also offers assorted grills, vegetarian and Oriental dishes to its growing clientele. The main dining area is within a tropical garden shaded by tall coconut palm trees that blend attractively with the bougainvillea flowers. The restaurant overlooks the entrance of Mtwapa Creek, offering

AfricA’s low cost Airline:


EXPLORER: Bagamoyo



o visitor to East Africa could fail to be moved by the suffering endured

by the huge numbers of people who were taken from the interior of Tanganyika

and other parts of Africa and sold, like commodities, into slavery.

The story of how these native Africans were humiliated at the hands

that came with the slave auction led to the name Bagamoyo. “Bagamoyo comes from the Swahili

missionaries arrived in East Africa.

expression ‘bwaga moyo’, which means

David Livingstone landed at Ujiji, near

crush and rest your heart because you

Bagamoyo, in 1871 and, together with

have been sold into slavery and forever you

Henry Morton Stanley, helped to build a

will remain a slave,” explains Mohammedi.

church, today known as the Livingstone

Once the slaves had been auctioned

Tower, near the slave auction site.

of Europeans and Persian Arabs is

off, they were packed into the holds of

brought vividly to life when you visit

merchant dhows in dark and hot condi-

maria ernesTina

the ancient slave trading outpost of

tions. Many did not survive the trip.

With the end of the slave trade, the

Bagamoyo, about one hour’s drive

Those who did were forced into hard

importance of Bagamoyo began to

north of Dar es Salaam.

labour in the clove fields of Pemba and

wane. For a short time, between 1886

Zanzibar. Some of the slaves manned

and 1891, it was the capital of German

the slaves,” says Doto Mohammedi,

fi shing boats or worked in the homes of

Tanganyika, but then the Germans

a tour guide at the local museum.

their masters.

chose the port of Dar es Salaam as

“Bagamoyo was the last outpost for

“This was a point of no return. Having

their new capital.

suffered intense humiliation, beatings

KaoLe rUins

and torture, the slaves were chained

Bagamoyo is not just about the slave

home for freed slaves was created in

to concrete pillars outside the holding

trade, however. It is also believed to

the grounds of the Holy Ghost mission.

complex overlooking the Indian Ocean.

be the oldest settlement in Tanzania.

This is where the last known slave,

They could only watch in silence as

Visitors to the Kaole Ruins can view the

Maria Ernestina, lived until her death

they were being auctioned off.”

remnants of a 13th-century mosque and

in 1974. One of the Catholic missionar-

graveyard once presided over by Islamic

ies used to chain her horse to a baobab

religious leaders. A 15th-century mosque

tree and the chain has been there for

and graveyard can also be found nearby.

over 100 years, signifying the end of

The desperation and hopelessness

When slavery was abolished, a

Kaole was abandoned by the Arabs

slavery in Bagamoyo. Today, the Kijiji Huru (Free Village)

after the land was overtaken by mangrove forests. Moreover, Baga-

is home to a girls’ school named in

moyo, located only 20 nautical miles

honour of Maria Ernestina. A museum

from Zanzibar, was coming to the fore

of slavery is located within the grounds.

as a port for goods and slaves. The slave trade in Bagamoyo was brought to an end after Christian

Many other ancient sites and Swahili settlements can be found in this fascinating area.

AfricA’s low cost Airline:




KiD moses

LooK aT me

by Mark R. Thornton

by Jennifer Egan

This is the deceptively simple story of Moses, a street child who scrounges a living on the harsh streets of Dar es Salaam. His ingrained need to be free takes him deep into the Tanzanian wilderness, where he faces both the tragedy of life and the hope it offers. Unsentimental, honest, both brutal and lyrical, this hypnotically written book provides an insight into the issues that affect modern Africa: the relationship between human beings and the wilderness, the needs of the displaced and the dispossessed and, ultimately, the ties that bind us to one another.


Issue 5

Reconstructive facial surgery after a car crash so alters Manhattan model Charlotte Swenson that, within the fashion world, where one’s look is oneself, she is unrecognisable. Seeking a new image, Charlotte engages in an internet experiment that may both save and damn her. As her story eerily converges with that of a plain, unhappy teenager – another Charlotte – it raises tantalizing questions about identity and reality in contemporary Western culture. Jennifer Egan’s bold, innovative novel, demonstrating her virtuosity at weaving a spellbinding, ambitious tale with dazzling use of language, captures the spirit of our times and offers an unsettling glimpse into the future.


BLOCKBUSTERS  mirror mirror:


Starring: Lily Collins, Julia Roberts and Armie Hammer Directed by: Tarsem Singh Genre: Adventure An evil queen steals control of a kingdom and an exiled princess enlists the help of seven resourceful rebels to win back her birthright.

LonDon paris new YorK

Starring: Ali Zafar, Aditi Rao Hydari and Chris Cowlin Directed by: Anu Menon Genre: Romance Language: Hindi Nikhil and Lalitha are two completely different individuals who are drawn to each other in spite of their differences – or perhaps because of them. Follow their journey as they meet in London, Paris and New York for a night in each city.


Starring: Kelly Macdonald, Billy Connolly and Emma Thompson Directed by: Mark Andrews and Brenda Chapman Genre: Animation Determined to make her own path in life, Princess Merida defies a custom that brings chaos to her kingdom. Granted one wish, Merida must rely on her bravery and her archery skills to undo a beastly curse.

beYonD whiTe mischief: The big sTicK

The Memoirs of a Tea Planter’s Wife

by Richard de Nooy

By Sheila Ward

Alma Nel leaves her home on the edge of the Kalahari to retrieve the body of her gay son in Amsterdam. Driven by guilt and grief, she resolves to reconstruct Staal’s life and the events leading up to his death, undertaking a bizarre quest in a strange and surreal world. Guided by a coke-dealing Rastafarian, Alma opens a psychedelic can of worms, meeting many of Staal’s friends and acquaintances – scissors queens, leather men, rent boys, daredevils. But not everyone is sympathetic towards Alma. Some of Staal’s friends would prefer to keep their secrets hidden. As her quest progresses, Alma discovers that a mysterious stranger is several steps ahead of her, also trying to put together the pieces of the puzzle.

When Sheila Ward went to RADA to train as an actress in the early 1950s, she had no idea of the stormy path her life would take. After a short career as an actress in rep, she met and married a tea planter and went to live in Africa. Sheila and her husband have four children and gradually adapt to a very different way of life. But this seemingly charmed life is marred by a family tragedy, and a growing mistrust between Sheila and her husband. Family life begins to break down, and Sheila has to face the loneliness and heartbreak of living in a foreign country in an empty marriage. With devastating honesty, Sheila Ward’s diaries document these difficult years, and her determination to build a new life for herself and face the future with optimism.

The besT eXoTic marigoLD hoTeL

Starring: Judi Dench, Dev Patel, Bill Nighy and Maggie Smith Directed by: John Madden Genre: Comedy British retirees travel to India to take up residence in what they believe is a newly restored hotel. Less luxurious than its advertisements, the Marigold Hotel nevertheless slowly begins to charm in unexpected ways.

american reUnion

Starring: Jason Biggs, Alyson Hannigan and Seann William Scott Directed by: Jon Hurwitz, Hayden Schlossberg Genre: Comedy Jim, Michelle, Stifler, and their friends reunite in East Great Falls, Michigan, for their high school reunion.

AfricA’s low cost Airline:



Will Africa’s biggest bank be a mobile telecom company? Mobile commerce and banking spreads across Africa


ess than two decades old, mobile

By Denis Gathanju

phone technology is influenc-

ing every facet of African life.

Remote villages without electricity

across the country.

thanks to the technological revolu-

General Manager of Financial Services

are connected to the outside world tion that has swept the continent.

M-Pesa sets the trend Five years ago, Kenya’s biggest mobile

at Safaricom, M-Pesa currently accounts for more than 70 per cent of all cashless transactions in the country.

M-Kesho is latest innovation

a money transfer application called

If the latest industry trends are

M-Pesa. This innovative service, intro-

anything to go by, Kenya deserves to be

duced in March 2007, provides small

recognised as the leading mobile finan-

and medium enterprises with a simple

cial services innovator. A partnership

means of transacting business, with

between Equity Bank, Kenya’s largest

money changing hands over the phone.

bank by customer base, and Safaricom

From humble beginnings, M-Pesa

has produced M-Kesho, a bank account

commerce applications in Kenya,

that can be accessed via a mobile phone. M-Kesho is a useful addition to M-Pesa.

interlinked with many businesses and

It not only allows M-Pesa subscribers to

functions. It can even be used as a bank

access their Equity Bank accounts, but

account by many Kenyans who had

also encompasses M-Pesa subscribers

previously been sidelined by commer-

who do not have bank accounts. Subscrib-

cial banks because of their low incomes

ers can also access other banking serv-

and deposits.

ices and products such as loans.

According to Safaricom, over KES

Dr James Mwangi, chief executive of

600 billion (US$ 7.242 billion) has

Equity Bank, says M-Kesho is especially

been transferred since M-Pesa was

useful for rural people who own mobile

introduced. At least KES 56 billion

phones but don’t have a bank account.

(US$ 675.920 million) is transferred

It will allow users to deposit as little as

According to Safaricom, over KES 600 billion (US$ 7.242 billion) has been transferred since M-Pesa was introduced in 2007

Issue 5

According to Betty Mwangi, the

phone company, Safaricom, introduced

is now one of the most efficient mobile


the more than 35,000 agents spread

every month,

KES 100 (US$1.25) in their accounts

while more

and to send or withdraw money from

than 4 million

their mobile phone accounts via M-Pesa


agents nationwide.

are recorded every day from

What is even more attractive about this new application is that the

accounts do not incur monthly charges

Bharti Airtel, has also launched

or have a minimum operating balance.

Zap in Sierra Leone, Niger and

And, like a normal bank account, the


cash deposited in the account will earn

Zap is now Africa’s most

an annual interest depending on the

comprehensive and accessible

amount deposited.

mobile commerce application,

According to the National Finan-

serving over 150 million people

cial Access Survey, only 32 per cent of

in six countries. In addition to cash

Kenya’s ‘bankable’ population enjoys

transfers, it allows subscribers to

formal and informal banking services

conduct other financial transactions,

compared with the millions of Kenyans

such as paying utility bills, from their

who own a mobile phone and/or have

cell phones.

an M-Pesa account.


There is no doubt that the ability to pay for goods and services without having

According to the Communications

to carry hard cash is universal-

Commission of Kenya, over 19 million

ly appealing, especially in Africa,

people own a mobile phone, represent-

where crime rates are high. This is

ing 49.7 per cent of the population,

one of the main reasons why mobile

while about 12 million people have an

banking is such an attractive idea in

M-Pesa account.

Africa and why the continent leads

Dr Mwangi said: “M-Kesho from

the world in embracing m-commerce.

Safaricom and Equity Bank will propel financial services provision in Kenya to the last mile. When all the M-Pesa accounts are finally changed into bank accounts, Kenya will top the list of the most banked developing country in the world. We are currently signing up an estimated 8,000 accounts per day, arguably the largest number of customers we have handled in the history of the bank.” The phenomenal growth in mobile banking is not confined to Kenya. In South Africa, Vodacom, the country’s largest mobile communications company, has recently introduced M-Pesa to its subscribers. The new service is offered in partnership with Nedbank and is targeting the 13 million or so unbanked South Africans. Vodacom is also offering this service in Tanzania.

Airtel unveils Zap service Airtel, Kenya’s second-largest mobile phone company and one of Africa’s largest, has recently unveiled its Zap mobile banking application in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The company, which was recently acquired by India’s

Africa’s low cost airline:


© Rachel Thickner





- Uganda


ituated on the Lake Victoria

peninsula, the city of Entebbe


was founded in 1893 and became the

Gately Inn Entebbe

Uganda Protectorate. Much of the

Welcoming, good value and close to the airport, although because it’s located on a busy road, it can be noisy.

administrative capital of the British

city’s colonial past is still evident from local architecture, gardens and parks. Today, the city is best known as the location of Entebbe International Airport, the largest commercial and military airport in Uganda. It is also home to State House, the official residence and office of the President of Uganda. Entebbe is about an hour’s drive from Kampala and offers a relaxed stopover alternative for travellers arriving or departing Uganda. For those with more time on their hands, however, Entebbe offers some

KENYA Entebbe


Worth a visit... 

Entebbe Golf Club

Circular Road, Entebbe Tel: +256 414 322 067

Entebbe Travellers Inn

Business facilities and rooms overlooking Lake Victoria.

This well-maintained course, one of the best in East Africa, is playable all year round. The club also has two tennis courts.

Imperial Resort Beach Hotel

Uganda Wildlife Education Centre

Tel: +256 414 320 520

Good choice of rooms and a selection of restaurants and bars.

Set on the shores of Lake Victoria, the Uganda Wildlife Education Centre is home to a collection of animals saved from captivity, including chimpanzee, crocodile, giraffe, hyena, lion, rhino and zebra. The centre is open daily from 9 am.

Golf View Inn Small, friendly inn located in the heart of Entebbe and 10 minutes from the airport.

National Botanical Gardens

fine restaurants, hotels and activities.

QUICK FACTS  • Currency: Uganda shillings • Country code: +256 • Population: 79,700 (2011 estimate) • Climate: Tropical rainforest climate with constant temperatures around 21°C throughout the year • Driest month: January • Wettest months: April and May • Transport: Boda bodas (motorcycle taxi) is very convenient for short journeys. Note that these are not regulated and can be dangerous.


The gardens, which were laid out in 1898, are of great interest to birdwatchers and botanists and are open seven days a week from 9 am.

Goretti’s Beachside Pizzeria & Grill

Ngamba Island

Located on the beach, this Italian restaurant has a great atmosphere and serves delicious pizza.

Ngamba Island, a project of the Chimpanzees Sanctuary and Wildlife Conservation Trust, was officially opened to visitors in October 1999 and is now home to 40 orphaned chimpanzees.

Dr A. Lubego Road, Anderita Beach, Entebbe Cuisine: Italian

4 Points Ltd Bar & Restaurant

Centenary Park & Entebbe, PO Box 35235 Cuisine: Bakery, Chinese, Indian, Italian

Tel: +256 414 320 662

Lake Victoria

Large and varied menu with something to suit everyone.

Boat and fishing trips on Lake Victoria are an enjoyable way to spend the day. Also birdwatchers may spot the endangered shoebill on the banks of Lake Victoria. For more info:

Ann’s Corner

Plot 1 Station Road, Entebbe Cuisine: Italian/varied Perfect for a light bite in a relaxed atmosphere.

Africa’s low cost airline:




Issue 5



rawing in fashion-conscious

crowds from across the region,

Nairobi Fashion Market is a highly popular weekend event that takes place twice a year.

The Impala Club, off Ngong Road, provides the perfect venue for swarms of Nairobi’s trendiest customers. Organised by NFM, the event is all about making fashion accessible, affordable and relevant to the wider public. It also gives designers and businesses a platform to display their creations and announce their presence in this increasingly competitive industry. The most recent market, on 10 and 11 March, attracted over 5,000 people – the largest crowds seen at NFM since it began in October 2010. It is no surprise that this event – offering a prime opportunity to fi nd out what’s hot and what’s not – has become hugely popular.


Highlight of the spring 2012 NFM weekend was undoubt-

The event is all about making fashion accessible, affordable and relevant to the wider public. It also gives designers and businesses a platform to display their creations

Event director Lynette Anderson said:

edly the catwalk

“We believe that, in due course, this

shows, which

concept is going to grow to be one of

exhibited upcom-

the most sought-after in Africa. We

ing trends and

look forward to welcoming all kinds of

demonstrated how to wear them. There

friendly. There is tasty food to sample

designers from all over the continent

were jaw-dropping shows from Zaramu

as well as live music from great bands

to come and be part of NFM.”

Designs, Yaka Yeke, Afro Street Collec-

(in March, the acts included Lele,

tions and Maasai Couture. However,

Jazziest, Aaron Rimbui, Project Fame

fashionable and inviting stalls. Each

it was the Simpli Pretty lingerie show

Prudence and Code Red DJ). In addi-

stand has something different to offer,

that had visitors fi ghting for seats as

tion, the event features a children’s

from feathered earrings to recycled

Nairobi’s top models highlighted the

play area, a bar (by Aqueous) and a

glass beads to baskets. Household

feminine side of fashion.

sheesha tent.

such as Maasai treads, Avid-style,


event, one enthusiastic customer,

Divine Beauty Spa Products and Kiko

In addition to clothing, the event has

Heather-Gail De Souza, said: “Fashion

Romeo showcasing their latest prod-

expanded to include interior design,

is not something that exists in dresses

ucts and designs.

beauty products and make-up. Suzie

only. Fashion is in the sky, in the food,

Wokabi, of SuzieBeauty, a retailer of

in the drink, in the organisation, in the

cosmetic products, said: “NFM spring

street. Fashion has to do with ideas,

edition was exactly what our brand

the way we live, what is happening.”

The open-air venue is full of bright,

names get involved, too, with brands

Commenting on the latest NFM

needed for our fi rst real product sales. It was an absolute success, very well


organised, and it was fantastic to be part of NFM. We are hooked and will be there for all upcoming editions.” Although it may seem the event is aimed mostly at women, the NFM team

NFM will be back again in October 2012. Gate charges: KES 300 for adults, KES 100 for children.

have actually created an event that is both fashion-conscious and family-

AfricA’s low cost Airline:








AT: E N m NLI o O c . K 0 BOO ly54



Issue 5

w.f w w





UGANDA Kakamega


Kitale Eldoret

Nanyuki Meru



Nairobi Masai Mara Mwanza

Lamu Kilimanjaro Malindi Vipingo Mombasa Ukunda

TANZANIA Dar es Salaam



AfricA’s low cost Airline:





hy shouldn’t an all-female team lead the Rhino Charge? That is

the challenge that a group of passionate and dedicated women have set

themselves. The self-styled Wild Catz have jumped into overalls, rolled

up their sleeves and are ready to do

battle in one of the world’s toughest 4x4 competitions.

In addition to their passion for

ate about the environment and we are seeking to raise at least US$ 500,000 towards the protection of the Mount Kenya

‘We came together because we love the outdoors and it is critical that we raise awareness towards the preservation and conservation of our natural environment’

Forest.” The Wild Catz are raring to take part in this gruelling but exciting

motor sport, the Wild Catz are united

competition. And since the ultimate

in their love for the environment – and

aim is to protect Africa’s flora and

the annual Rhino Charge competition

fauna, they are giving it their all.

is associated with raising funds for conservation. In the past, the funds have been used to put up a perimeter fence around Aberdare National Park. Team leader and navigator Lisa

COMPETITION Driver Karen Mathews, wife of rally driver Glenn Mathews, says: “We are entering the 2013 Rhino Charge

Christoffersen is buoyed by the team’s

competition since we want to have

spirit. “We came together because

ample time to prepare and raise funds

we love the outdoors and it is critical

towards environmental conservation.”

KEEP UP-TO-DATE  For the next four editions, 540 Magazine will include an update on the Wild Catz team in the countdown to the Rhino Charge.

that we raise awareness towards the

The Wild Catz team also includes

You can follow their progress on Facebook at:

preservation and conservation of our

driver Debbie Chamberlain Shah, navi-

natural environment,” says Lisa. “We

gator Lynn Lury, runners Kiran Ahlu-

Or contact them at:

are entering the Rhino Charge compe-

walia and Sandie Bhachu, and fitness

tition in 2013 because we are passion-

trainer Barbara Napoli Sehmi.


Issue 5

The Wild Catz will be glad of your moral, material and financial support. Donations can be sent to the team via M-Pesa at 0710 74833


WHY IS THE SKY BLUE? Just ask your mobile phone… Voice-driven ‘assistant’ has all the answers


ince the iPhone 4S has been

it questions such as: “How’s the weather

instruction “Remind me to call Mum

looking tomorrow in Kampala?” and it

when I get home” will be carried out

tation and Recognition Interface)

will reply with the forecast.

as requested when you arrive at your

one is talking about. It is a virtual


released, Siri (Speech Interpre-

has become the feature that everypersonal assistant that understands your spoken words and attempts to

fulfi l your daily needs and requests. This voice-driven ‘assistant’ can

home. As with all newly launched software,

Siri can also perform currency conver-

Siri has experienced some teething

sions and give stock prices. What’s more,

problems. For example, it regularly

you can even ask questions like: “Why is

misunderstands certain words, accents

the sky blue?” and, after a little ‘thought’,

or commands. That said, however, Siri

take dictation, play a song, fi x or

the screen will display an explanation:

iPhone 4S is just a building block for

cancel appointments, send emails,

“The sky’s blue colour is a result of the

a more developed voice recognition

start phone calls, search the web and

effect of Rayleigh scattering.”

software platform and Apple has already

generally answer any question you ask.


The system is also linked geographically. For example, the

promised that it will only improve and get smarter with time.

Some people think Siri is nothing new. Voice dialling – whereby you say a name into the phone and it dials the relevant number – has been available on mobile phones for a few years, but has never really taken off. It should be borne in mind, however, that it has taken almost five years for multi-touch screens to fi nally become established – and now they are everywhere. Unlike voice dialling or voice recognition, Siri actually ‘understands’ what you say and talks back to you to confi rm your requested action. You can also ask

MULTILINGUAL  Siri is available in English, French, German and Japanese

AfricA’s low cost Airline:





very time we eat our bodies digest the food through a succession of

mechanical and chemical actions that

becomes quite dry and moves very slowly through the intestine. This can lead to complications such as constipa-

converts food into energy and waste.

tion and gut irritation.

usually between 24 and 72 hours.


For most healthy adults, this process However for some of us, the ability to ‘move food along’ can cause discomfort, abdominal pain and bloating.

The stresses of every day life, certain

Many individuals have to adapt their diets or avoid certain foods to avoid digestive distress. For instance, lactose intolerance is particularly

food groups and poor eating habits can

common. Get in-tune with your body

all affect how our bodies react to food.

and try to avoid foods which ‘disagree’

Maintaining a basic healthy digestion is

with you.

easy if you develop certain practices and make your health a priority.


HEALTHY TIPS  Tips on maintaining healthy digestion: • Don’t eat on the move

Fruit can also cause bloating, particularly when eaten straight after a main meal. It is best to eat it separately, either 30 minutes before a meal or at

• Chew your food thoroughly and avoid the habit of bolting your food down • Drink plenty of water

A very important substance when it

least two hours after. Include fresh

comes to digestive health, dietary fibre

papaya or pawpaw and fresh pineapple

• Relax after eating and try performing light movement like walking to help digest and circulate nutrients

is found in fruits, vegetables, whole

in your diet – these are good sources of

• Avoid over-eating

grains and beans. A high-fibre diet

beneficial digestive enzymes.

• Avoid consuming excessive alcohol, fried foods, and too much sugar

prevent food from stalling in the intes-


tine, which leads to constipation.

Another common digestion problem is

• If you work in an office, take time away from your desk to eat

improves digestive function and helps


acid reflux, more commonly known as heartburn. This happens when stomach

If you don’t drink enough water, the

acids flow up into the esophagus,

fecal matter in your digestive tract

causing severe pain in the chest area.

• Avoid eating at least two hours before going to bed • Reduce the consumption of processed foods

AfricA’s low cost Airline:






ost nationals require visas


from the five East African states

Visas are required for most nationals and cost US$50. A visa can be obtained on entry, however we recommended one be obtained before arrival to avoid airport lengthy queues. Visa Application Forms are available online.

Common Market of East and South-

A visa is required by all visitors travelling to Kenya with the exception of those holding a re-entry pass to Kenya and citizens of Ethiopia, San Marino, Turkey and Uruguay.

to enter East Africa. Citizens

require no visas while those from the ern Africa (COMESA) member states have relaxed entry requirements into East Africa.

However, East African member states have their own visa requirements for various nationals.

UGANDAN VISAS The easiest way of getting a visa to Uganda is by purchasing it at the entry point, Entebbe Airport or any border station. This is very possible for tourists coming into Uganda. All you need to do is pay US$50, fill in the application form with passport dates and information. The visa issued is valid for 90 days. You can also get a visa by applying online if you a citizen of the following countries, USA, UK, South Africa, Russia, Japan, Italy, India, Germany, France, Denmark, China, Canada, and Belgium. All you need to do is to download the application from the embassy website of your country of origin.


Issue 5

Note that the reciprocal visa abolition agreements with Germany, Italy, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Spain, and Republic of Ireland no longer apply and nationals of these countries now require a visa. Kenya Visa Requirements

• • • • •

Valid passport with sufficient number of unused pages for endorsements abroad. Passport must be signed and valid for at least six months. Visa application form duly completed and signed by the applicant. Two recent passport size photographs attached to the application form. Valid round trip ticket or a letter from your travel agent certifying that the applicant holds prepaid arrangements. A self-addressed stamped envelope for express mail, courier, registered mail, etc., if the visa is urgently required. Metered stamps are not acceptable.

• Home and work telephone numbers.

Please fill out the form correctly and enclose the photographs and payment to avoid delay and disappointment. Standard Visa fees payable by cash to the Embassy of Kenya. Visa fees charges:

• Multiple entry: US$100 • Single entry: US$50 • Transit Visa: US$20 1. Please note that all children below 16 years are not charged visa fees 2. The reduced visa fees were effected on 1 march 2009, as directive from ministry of tourism on attracting more tourists in to the country. 3. Passengers can pay in US dollars, British pounds, Euro or Swiss franc. For more information and to download a Kenya visa application form visit:



Immigration regulations stipulate that anyone going to South Sudan and wishing to travel outside of Khartoum needs a travel permit from the Government of South Sudan. Those travelling to South Sudan from Kenya, should visit the South Sudan Embassy in Kenya.



All applicants to launch their visas in person Passport must be valid for at least six month and presented on submission of application Two recent colour passport-size photos Yellow fever vaccination card Letter of invitation and intent Standard Visa fees payable by balance transfer to: Government of South Sudan Special Permit Account Bank: Kenya Commercial Bank; Sarit Centre Branch A/C No. 402004247


• • • • •

Fees: • • • •


The Republic of South Sudan has missions in Kenya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Zimbabwe, Nigeria, South Africa, Australia, Norway, Belgium, the UK, Germany, France, Turkey, Libya, China, India, Italy, Canada and the USA.


Any visitor going to South Sudan through Khartoum requires a valid visa. Visas are issued through the South Sudan Embassy.


Multiple entry: US$250 (six months)/US$400 (one year) Single entry for countries with common boarder with South Sudan: US$50 Single entry for other African countries: US$100 Single entry for European and US citizens: US$100

Vaccination requirements for international travellers

Processing period: Two working days

• No cholera vaccination certificates are required of travellers coming from all over the world.

TANZANIAN VISAS All foreigners from non-Commonwealth countries are required to have a valid visa unless their countries have agreements with Tanzania under which the visa requirement is waived. Exemptions: Citizens of Commonwealth countries are not required to obtain visas unless they are citizens of the United Kingdom, Canada, Nigeria, India, Pakistan, South Africa, New Zealand or Australia. Tanzanian visas are issued by the following:

• The office of the Director of Immigration Services, Dar es Salaam, and the office of the Principal Immigration Officer, Zanzibar. • Entry points to the United Republic of Tanzania: principally Namanga, Tunduma, Sirari, Horohoro, Kigoma Port, Dar es Salaam International Airport, Kilimanjaro International Airport, Zanzibar Harbour and Zanzibar Airport. • Any other gazetted entry point. • From Tanzania High Commissions or embassies abroad. For more information on Tanzanian diplomatic missions visit:

• Only valid yellow fever vaccination certificates are required of all travellers over one year old, arriving from yellow fever infected countries mainly in central and West Africa, South and Central America South East Asia, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh. • Vaccination for international travellers are obtainable from all international air and sea ports, city and major municipal councils NB: Make sure you get your yellow fever shot in good time since the yellow fever certificate is valid for travel use 10 days after vaccination.

Africa’s low cost airline:


By Denis Gathanju


ly540 operates modern

aircraft, and is constantly

Cessna Caravan C208

The company uses planes, such

Type: Single turboprop engine, fixed-gear short-haul regional airliner Number in service: One Capacity per aircraft: 10 passengers

updating and modernising its fleet. as the ATR 72-500, which burn half of the fuel other models of aircraft and in turn emit less carbon into the atmosphere. This illustrates that Fly540 is a ‘green airline’ which cares for the environment. The crew and engineering team are professionally trained and certified to ICAO standards.

Bombardier Dash 8 102 Series 

ATR 72-500

Type: Twin-engined, medium-range, turboprop airliner Number in service: Three Capacity per aircraft: 37 passengers

Type: Twin-engine turboprop shorthaul regional airliner Number in service: Two Capacity per aircraft: 78 passengers

208B Grand Caravan Type: Stretched version of the basic Caravan. Single turboprop engine, fixed-gear short-haul regional airliner Number in service: One Capacity per aircraft: 12 passengers

Fokker F27 Type: Turboprop cargo airliner Number in service: One Capacity per aircraft: 1336 x 210 x 190 cargo hold


Issue 5


THE fly540

AIRCRAFT FLEET Canadair CL-600-2B19 Regional Jet  Type: Twin-engine regional jet Number in service: Three Capacity per aircraft: 50 passengers

Fokker F28 Type: Short range jet airliner Number in service: One Capacity per aircraft: 67 passengers

DC-9 Type: Twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliner Number in service: One Capacity per aircraft: 80 passengers

Hawker Beechcraft Airliner B1900C  Type: Twin-engine turboprop aeroplane Number in service: One Capacity per aircraft: 19 passengers

Africa’s low cost airline:



KIDZ CORNER COSMIC A M R N O A P E WORDSEARCH Can you find the words listed below in the letter grid?


Comet UFO Planet Asteroid Mars Jupiter Rocket EARTH Star Moon


RIDDLE ME THIS... I can sizzle like bacon, I am made with an egg, I have plenty of backbone, but lack a good leg. I peel layers like onions, but still remain whole; I can be long, like a flagpole, yet fit in a hole.


Issue 5

Answer: A snake

What am I?








in association with





jOKE TIME! Q. Where do cows go on Saturday nights? A. To the MOOO-vies!

Q. What do you get when you cross a porcupine with a balloon? A. POP!

Q. What did one tomato say to the other? A. You go on ahead and I’ll ketchup! Patient: Doctor, doctor, I keep thinking I’m a bridge. Doctor: “What’s come over you?” Patient: So far, three cars, a bus and a motorcycle!







Be an artist and learn how to draw a butterfly… Copy the drawing of the butterfly by making your lines cut through the boxes exactly the same as they do in the original. DID YOU KNOW? The difference between butterflies and moths is that butterflies have brighter colours and fly by day. They also fold their wings onto their backs and have ‘clubs’ on the end of their antennae. Moths tend to fly at night, hold their wings out flat, are well camouflaged and have feathery antennae.

Heritage Hotels believes in the future of our youngsters. That is why we have highly trained and dedicated naturalists to educate and entertain your children while on safari. There is always something new for the youngsters to learn or explore at the Heritage camp or lodge on your African safari. Our clubs – Adventurers for children aged four to 12 and Young Rangers for 13 to 17-year-olds – are free at Mara Intrepids, Samburu Intrepids, Great Rift Valley Lodge & Golf Resort, Voyager Beach Resort and Voyager Ziwani Tsavo. Learn more at

AfricA’s low cost Airline:




Riverside Green Suites, Palm Suite, Riverside Drive PO Box 10293-00100 Nairobi, Kenya

Tel: +254 (0)20 445 2391/5 Fax/Tel: +254 (0)20 445 2396 Sales: Tel: +254 (0)737 540 540 Email:


Tel: +254 (0)20 445 3252/6 Cell: +254 (0)722 540 540; (0)733 540 540 Fax: +254 (0)20 445 3257


Mezz. floor, Shopping Arcade

Tel: +254 (0)20 224 3211/3/4 Cell: +254 727 540 540; (0)737 540 540 Fax: +254 (0)20 224 3219


Tel: +254 (0)20 827 523 Tel: +254 20 827 366 Cell: +254 727 532 273

Unit 1 (International Departures)

Tel: +254 (0)20 827 521

MOMBASA 540 TICKETING & RESERVATIONS OFFICE Ground Floor, Mombasa Trade Centre Nkrumah Road

Tel: +254 (0)41 231 9078/9 Mob: +254 (0)728 540 540; (0)710 540 540 Moi International Airport, Mombasa


Cine Afrique Building, Stone Town

Tel: +255 (0)24 223 5110 Tel: +255 (0)762 540 540


Tel: +256 (0)414 346 915/999 Tel: +256 (0)312 540 540 Sales: Tel: +256 (0)712 540 540; (0)776 540 540

ENTEBBE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT - 540 TICKETING & RESERVATIONS OFFICE Tel: +256 (0)314 540 540 Tel: +256 (0)315 540 540 Sales: Tel: +256 (0)713 540 540 UKUNDA 540 TICKETING & RESERVATIONS

Barclays Centre, Diani Road

Tel: +254 (0)20 354 6532 Tel: +254 (0)726 453 246

Lamu - North Coast Travel Service Tel: +254 (0)42 213 0312 Tel: +254 (0)42 463 2054 Tel: +254 (0)725 942 444

Email: Email:

Tel: +255 (0)22 212 5912/3 Sales: Tel: +255 752 540 540; (0)788 540 540 Cell: +255 754 292 675; (0)784 292 675





Issue 5


Sales Tel: +32 (0)2 712 05 84 Fax: +32 (0)2 725 83 92



Kaiserstraße 77 60329 Frankfurt am Main

Reservation Tel: +49 (0)69 770 673 076 Fax: +49 (0)69 770 673 028


Sales Tel: +49 (0) 69 770 673 077 Fax: +49 (0)69 770 673 235



Via Monte Rosa, 20 20149 Milan

Reservation Tel: +39 02 4345 8346 Fax: +39 02 4345 8336


Mobile: +39 335 778 5936

ELDORET INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT - 540 Ticketing & Reservations Office Tel: +254 (0)53 203 0814 Tel: +254 (0)53 206 3823 ext 658

Tel: +255 (0)27 254 5211 Tel: +255 (0)784 410 233

Reservation Tel: +32 (0)2 712 04 93 Fax: +32 (0)2 725 83 92

Tel: +254 (0)770 639 429 Tel: +254 (0)724 457 374 Tel: +254 (0)735 540 547

Terminal Building, Kitale Airstrip


Blue Plaza Building, Indian Street

J.E. Mommaertslaan 16 B (2nd floor), 1831 Diegem

Sales & Marketing Manager

ELDORET 540 TICKETING & RESERVATIONS Tel: +254 (0)53 203 3570/80

Plot no. 767/39, Samora Avenue



Tel: +254 (0)41 343 4821 Tel: +254 (0)32 540 540; (0)722 555 730



Holden Mall - above Nakumatt

Tel: +254 (0)734 540 550 Tel: +254 (0)711 908 330

Ground Floor, Langata House

Tel: +254 (0)20 254 0206 Tel: +254 (0)729 540 540 Tel: +254 (0)735 540 540

Maria Rosa Cappelli




Prospect Mira, 39 bldg 2, 129110 Moscow

Reservation Tel: +7 (495) 937 59 50 Fax: +7 (495) 937 5951


Sales Tel: +7 (495) 937 59 50 Fax: +7 (495) 937 5951



38 Wierda Road West Wierda Valley Sandton, Johannesburg

Reservation Tel: +27 (0) 11 722 0229 Fax: +27 (0) 11 783 8135


Sales Tel: +27 (0) 722 0229 / +27 74 177 1596 Fax: +27 (0) 783 8135



Reservation & Sales Tel: +41 (0) 44 286 99 62 Fax: +41 (0) 44 286 99 63



Beechavenue 104 1119 PP Schiphol

c/o AviaCircle, 28-29 The Quadrant Business Centre 135 Salusbury Road London, NW6 6RJ

Reservation Tel: +31 (0)20 654 79 29 Fax: +31 (0)20 623 01 51

Reservation Tel: 0870 774 2250 Fax: 0870 777 7172



Sales Tel: +31 (0)20 520 02 82 Fax: +31 (0)20 623 01 51



Sales Tel: 0870 774 2250 Fax: 0870 774 2250


540 Magazine - Issue 5  

540, the in-flight magazine for Fly540 is published by Land & Marine Publications (Kenya) Ltd. on behalf of Fly540. Fly540 - Africa's low co...

540 Magazine - Issue 5  

540, the in-flight magazine for Fly540 is published by Land & Marine Publications (Kenya) Ltd. on behalf of Fly540. Fly540 - Africa's low co...