Tampere Impressions ENG

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TAMPERE Impressions

FIRST STEPS OF TAMPERE KING GUSTAV III of Sweden founded Tampere on 1 October 1779. Located in the far north in the eyes of Central Europe, Tampere was first home to farmers. The free city rights granted by the King brought more residents to Tampere and new ways to make a living.

DESPITE THE FAST-FLOWING RAPIDS running through the city, industrialization took its time. The primary means of livelihood among the early Tampere residents were trade and craftsmanship. In 1820, Scotsman James Finlayson set up a spinning machine factory, which later became a cotton factory. The production plant did not yield the desired profit, so Finlayson ended up selling it to Georg Rauch and Carl Nottbeck under whose command the factory developed by utilizing the hydropower thundering in the rapids.

THE FINLAYSON FACTORY provided jobs especially for women who had moved to the city from the countryside. The factory area grew to resemble a small city with its own police, fire brigade, school and hospital, among other services. New innovations were also boldly adopted. The first sprinkler system, electric lighting and the largest steam engine in Finland were first put to use at Finlayson, and the factory even had its own currency back in the 19th century. 3

Today, the historical factory area is a growing, lively cradle of culture and business.


Nowadays, Finlayson is a well-known brand whose products are still designed in Finland.


OTHER INDUSTRY also started to settle in Tampere in the 1840s. An iron blast furnace was set up in Koskenranta and later transformed into Tampella, a manufacturer of ships and locomotives, among other products.

Today, the former paper mill houses one of the stages of the Tampere Theatre and office premises of the city of Tampere. The red-brick factory chimney standing tall in Koskenranta is still an inherent part of the city’s silhouette.

The banks of the rapids were soon dotted by various industrial plants, and the Frenckell paper mill put the first paper machine in Finland into operation in 1842.



THE ARRIVAL of the railroad reinforced the position of Tampere as an industrial city. The connection between Tampere and Helsinki, opened in 1876, and the completion of the Tampere-Pori railway line further accelerated the transportation of goods from Tampere.

Built from red granite, the Pyynikki Observation Tower now houses a popular cafĂŠ.


THE SHOE INDUSTRY arrived to Tampere when Eemil Aaltonen brought his shoe factory to the city in 1905. During the war, both weapons and ammunition as well as clothes for the defence forces were produced on factory floors in Tampere, and people kept a lookout for enemy planes in the Pyynikki Observation Tower.


TRANSFORMATION of the rurallooking industrial city began in the 1950s, and urbanization meant that the detached houses in the city centre had to make way for blocks of flats. As the growing city had an urgent need for educated workforce, the School of Social Sciences relocated to Kalevankangas from Helsinki in 1960 and was renamed the University of Tampere in 1966. Tampere University of Technology was founded in 1965 under the name “Tampereen teknillinen korkeakoulu�. The universities merged to form the new Tampere University on 1 January 2019.






“Human Potential Unlimited� Formed by the University of Tampere and the Tampere University of Applied Sciences, the new university is the most multidisciplinary academic community in Finland. It is composed of more than 30 000 students and almost 5 000 staff members. The education and research of this unique community centres around technology, health and the society and their combinations.



THEORY AND PRACTICE come together in whole new ways in the new university community as cutting-edge research and innovations are combined with multidisciplinary learning. More extensive study options and business life connections offer students even better opportunities to enter the hectic working life immediately after graduation.



TAMPERE ADULT EDUCATION CENTRE, TAKK, is a multi-sectoral vocational educator and working life developer. More than 13 000 adults study annually at TAKK. TAKK offers vocational upper secondary qualifications, further and specialist vocational qualifications as well as vocational further education and training and continuing education in over 20 vocational fields.

Education, operations and learning environments are developed in close cooperation with working life and companies. TAKK has two campuses in Tampere, in the centre of the city and in Nirva.


PROFESSIONAL HEAD START BOLD, BRAVE AND FAIR TREDU Tredu provides individual, flexible study opportunities, always in close cooperation with working life. Tredu serves as a strong partner for businesses, whether they are looking for new workforce or for further education and training for existing staff. Whether the student is an adolescent or adult, completing their first degree or continuing their education, they can truly get down to business at Tredu. Tredu provides a career path to working life or a springboard to a university or a university of applied sciences. The free of charge education opens the doors to studying to virtually everyone.


DOCTORS WIDE-RANGING MEDICAL RESEARCH is conducted at the Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences at the Tampere University. The Licentiates in Medicine and Masters of Science in Biotechnology graduating from the faculty are equipped with extremely good skills in personalized medical research and its applications. 22


POLICE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE THE POLICE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE (Polamk) is the only police education facility in Finland – a centre of expertise in police education, research and development. All new police officers are graduates of Polamk in Tampere. The College also organizes post-graduate and continuing education. The 100th anniversary of the start of national police education and the founding of the Police Academy was celebrated in 2018. 24


STEMMING FROM A STRONG industrial background, Tampere has grown into the third-largest city in Finland, providing an excellent growth environment for both businesses and people. Although the rapids no longer serve as a source of driving power, their banks feature a wide range of life and businesses.




THE DEVELOPMENT OF TAMPERE as a technology hub received a strong push after the collapse of the Nokia mobile phone empire in the early 2010s. The wide-ranging technological skills of former Nokia employees spread to their immediate environment, giving rise to new companies and innovations. The leading fields of the Tampere economic area are ICT and cleantech, in particular. Tampere has also provided a nurturing home for many gaming companies and education in gaming. The city draws in international game developers.



THE HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS in Tampere have a long history of education programmes in the environmental sciences. This has made Tampere a hub of environmental expertise, where research in the field is also actively conducted. The close cooperation of businesses and schools guarantees that the latest cleantech innovations are quickly taken to real work environments to be tested. Tampere aims to become the most environmentally friendly smart city in Finland. 32


Tampere is a city of high-quality AV education. In addition to qualified professionals, Mediapolis in Tampere costeffectively creates productions that meet international standards, using the latest technology in modern studio facilities. If the indoor studios get to cramped, Tampere provides a versatile range of outdoor locations for successful filming.



CRUCIAL TO THE ACCESSIBILITY of Tampere is the Tampere-Pirkkala Airport opened in 1979. This second-most international and fourth-largest airport in Finland, measured by the number of passengers, now has the capacity to accommodate larger aircraft and higher passenger volumes after development measures were implemented in 2018. 38



In Tampere, teamwork between companies, educational institutes and the city is a reality. Tampere is like a living lab for companies developing smart technologies, products and service solutions. Collaboration between higher education institutions, research institutes and the city bears fruit.


NATURE, EXERCISE AND CULTURE IN ADDITION to education and employment opportunities, Tampere allows you to enjoy nature, crowned by two large bodies of water, Lake N채sij채rvi and Lake Pyh채j채rvi.



Lake Näsijärvi is the largest lake in the Pirkanmaa region. One of the travellers on its waves is the steamship S/S Tarjanne, built in 1908, which carries passengers from the Mustalahti harbour to Virrat. Tarjanne was used as a warship in the First World War and took part in the rescue operation following the sinking of S/S Kuru near Siilinkari.



THE LAKESHORE SCENERY of Lake Pyhäjärvi can be admired while cycling along the 30-kilometre scenic route around the lake. The best way to enjoy the lake by water is to hop on one of the passenger vessels that depart from the Laukontori harbour. A 20-minute cruise takes you to a scenic island featuring the atmospheric Viikinsaari summer restaurant, a summer theatre, a kids’ playground and picnic places with a BBQ option. 46


Kintulammi is the largest nature reserve in Tampere. You can enjoy the beauty of Finnish nature on the 15-kilometre web of hiking trails with signposts. The area also has five campfire sites where you can admire the forest landscape or roast sausages over a fire.




Sorsapuisto is one of the most famous and most popular parks in Tampere. It has been popular with families with children for decades. The park also serves as the arena for the free summer concert of the Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra.




STANDING ON THE SHORE of Lake Pyhäjärvi, Hatanpää Manor was founded back in the 1690s. The manor plays a significant role in the story of the city’s origins, as King Gustav III gave the order to found the city of Tampere while he was visiting the manor.

NÄSINPUISTO is one of the most biodiverse parks in the city in terms of its flora. The park has a fantastic view over Lake Näsijärvi, and on its highest spot stands a residential palace known as Milavida, built by Peter von Nottbeck in 1898. Näsilinna Palace has been owned by the city since 1905 and was renovated into a museum and restaurant in 2015. 54


HATANPÄÄ ARBORETUM introduces visitors to various trees, shrubs, perennials, annual summer flowers and herbs. The gem of the Arboretum is its rose garden, located on the south side of the Hatanpää Manor. The park also includes the Hatanpää Manor, the residential palace Villa Idman and the old cowshed of the Hatanpää Manor.






THE ATHLETIC ROOTS of Tampere were planted in 1909 when Varala Sports Institute was founded in the lakeshore landscape of Lake Pyhäjärvi. Over the years, Tampere has celebrated Finnish championships in various sports, including football, ice hockey, floorball, Finnish baseball, volleyball, basketball and boxing.

Varala is the oldest sports institute in Finland. It was founded in 1909 to promote women’s physical education.

KNOWN AS THE national sport of Finland, ”pesäpallo” (Finnish baseball) is popular also in Tampere.



Ilves is one of the clubs in the premier division of Finnish football, Veikkausliiga, and plays its home games in Tammela Stadion.

BUILT FOR THE ICE HOCKEY World Championships in 1965, the Hakametsä Ice Stadium is the home arena of Ilves and Tappara, clubs playing in SM-liiga (Finnish Elite League). Hakametsä is also the first ice stadium in Finland.



An outdoor swimming pool area was opened in August 2018 near the Tampere Swimming Centre. The outdoor swimming pool area is one of the largest in Finland and has a children’s pool, a paddling pool, a diving pool and a 50-metre pool.


IAAF World U20 Championships in Tampere in 2018.

THE RATINA football and athletics stadium is located in the throbbing heart of the city. Built in 1966, the stadium has hosted qualifying matches of football elite competitions and the IAAF World U20 Championships, among other events.


Finnish and Swedish athletes compete against each other in the annual Finland-Sweden Athletics International.



IN ADDITION to major sporting events, Ratina Stadium also provides a venue for various concerts and festivals.

The largest rap music festival in the Nordic countries, Blockfest gathers up to 60 000 people to the Ratina Stadium in late summer to enjoy the music of top Finnish and international artists.

Tammerfest takes over all of Ratinanniemi and part of the cityscape as it brings tens of thousands of festivalgoers into the city for one weekend every year to see top Finnish artists.



YOU CAN ENJOY being on the water in the summer by riding a flyboard or relaxing on the benches of a sauna raft as it floats on the waves. 74


CULTURE FOR THE MIND AND BODY TAMPERE WAS NAMED the Sauna Capital of Finland in 2018. According to the Finnish Sauna Society and the International Sauna Association, the title is based on the number of public saunas in the Tampere region and their high standards. Rajaportti is the proud holder of the title of the oldest public sauna in Finland. Opened in 1906, the sauna is still in highly active use.

At the Kaupinoja sauna and the Rauhaniemi public baths, you can also dip into a freezing cold hole in the ice in the winter. Â



You can enjoy the sauna culture in the heart of the city at Tullin Sauna.



Located in the Laukontori harbour, Sauna & Restaurant Kuuma not only offers customers the warm steam of a sauna, but also a large terrace where food and beverages are served.



TAMPERE IS KNOWN for its theatres and wide array of museums. Among others, the city is home to the world’s only Moomin Museum.



SARA HILDÉN was a patron of the arts and a fashion influencer from Tampere. The Art Museum bearing her name hosts a sizable collection of modern art. Owned by the Sara HildÊn Foundation, one of the most significant collections of modern art in Finland includes paintings, sculpture, drawings and graphic art from Finland and abroad. 84


THE SPY MUSEUM in Tampere is the world’s first museum publicly exhibiting espionage. Founded in 1998, the museum introduces visitors to espionage through individual spies and the methods and tools that they used.



MUSEUM CENTRE VAPRIIKKI offers things to see and experience for days on end. The permanent and temporary exhibitions showcase the story of Tampere, the development of the Finnish media, ice hockey, games and the nature of Pirkanmaa.





THE THEATRICAL WORLD landed in Tampere in September 1901 with the premiere of the play “Anna-Liisa” by Minna Canth on the stage of the Tampere Workers’ Theatre.

THE TAMPERE THEATRE held its first premiere a few years later, in 1904. In the years since, theatre performances have also been given by Pyynikki Summer Theatre in the summertime and Tampere Comedy Theatre, housed in the Tampella festival hall, which is a listed building. 92


THE IDENTITY AND REPUTATION of the city is also built on smaller events. Various roleplay events and festivals bring visitors to Tampere from every corner of the world.



#hungryfortampere LOCAL FOOD AND THE GIFTS of nature are strongly featured in the restaurant culture of Tampere. The location of the city between two fish-filled lakes also adds its touch to the cuisine. The clean nature and countryside can be savoured not only at restaurant tables, but also in the Market Hall, the biggest indoor market in the Nordic countries.


TAMPERE IS ALSO KNOWN FOR “mustamakkara”, black sausage. This classic dish is often enjoyed outdoors from a paper wrapper with lingonberry jam.



TAMPERE IS ALSO A BEER CITY In addition to numerous small breweries, Tampere has restaurants with concepts built entirely around beer. The annual Great Beers – Small Breweries beer festival gathers large crowds to the Central Square to enjoy the malt beverage.



N채sinneula is a 168-metre observation tower standing on the shore of Lake N채sij채rvi. Designed by Pekka Ilveskoski, the building was completed in 1971 and its inauguration was held on 1 May. Since its completion, N채sinneula has been one of the mostphotographed buildings in the city and is an inherent part of the cityscape from every direction.

ALTHOUGH TAMPERE is a fairly young city compared to, say, Turku, which was founded in the 13th century, and Helsinki, founded in the 16th century, the city has made up for the age difference by maintaining a high pace of development. Tampere is currently the second-largest economic area and growth centre in Finland.



THE EVOLUTION FROM AN INDUSTRIAL TOWN to a leading city in technological skill can also be seen in the changing streetscape and urban structure. The growing population needs more homes and the booming business more premises. In addition, new mobility options need to be developed for the residents in the city. Tampere light rail is the most modern and efficient public transport system in Finland. The light rail system serves the busiest public transport sections and the strong growth directions of the city.

RANTAVÄYLÄ TUNNEL was opened for traffic in November 2016. The 2.3-kilometre tunnel is the longest road tunnel in Finland, and 36 000 vehicles drive through it every day. Moving the motor traffic underground freed up space for housing and bicycle and pedestrian traffic. The tunnel and the gradeseparated intersections built with it reduced traffic jams on Rantaväylä road.



THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE RANTA-TAMPELLA area is one of the biggest housing projects of the city in years. The arrival of the tunnel made longintended construction along the shores of Lake Näsijärvi possible. The new residential area will provide about 2 000 new homes for approximately 3 500 Tampere residents.



THE RAILROAD has connected Tampere with the rest of Finland for 140 years. Covering the railway tracks, “Kansi� is a new centre of sports, culture, recreation and business life, bringing citizens and travellers together.

KNOWN AS HIEDANRANTA, the new lakeshore neighbourhood in western Tampere is an innovative area for residents and businesses, located next to the light rail line. New ideas, urban culture and CO2-negative heat generation thrive at Hiedanranta.



Pioneer ◊ First paper machine in Finland at Frenckell in 1842 ◊ First female architect in Finland to set up her own office, Olivia Mathilda “Wivi” Lönn, born in Tampere in 1872 ◊ First electric light in the Nordic countries lit at Finlayson in 1882 ◊ First Workers’ Institute in Finland founded in Tampere in 1899 ◊ Oldest sports institute in Finland, Varala, founded in 1909 ◊ First radio broadcast in Finland transmitted from Tampere in 1923 ◊ First ice stadium in Finland, Hakametsä, opened in 1965 ◊ First parking facility in Finland, P-Anttila, opened in 1974 ◊ World’s only Moomin Museum opened to the public in 1987 ◊ First mayor in Finland, Timo P. Nieminen, came into office in 2007


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