Page 1

John Deere 6 series Oil change



Battery Chargers Tested

MAY 2011


Ford 7810 Buyers guide

Top tech tips for the Blue Oval’s best selling tractor


Beginners Guide to Maintenance Essential advice for those starting out

New series: a guide to painting PT_Cover.indd 1

Ferguson TE-F20 engine rebuild

In 78 tern 4 D at at ion afi a le l

MF6180 Oil-seal repair

Cylinder Block Welding Repair

16/3/11 10:07:14

10. 010Emmark EmmarkJune09.indd Ltd WP.indd 11

30/3/09 15:19:17 14/02/2011 16:13

Practical Tractor is published on the second Friday of each month prior to the cover date by: Kelsey Publishing Group, Cudham Tithe Barn, Berry’s Hill, Cudham, Kent, TN16 3AG, England. Tel: 01959 541444 Fax: 01959 541400 E-mail: Website: EDITORIAL: Editor: Andrew Hall Tel: 01959 543545, E-mail: Production Editor: Bernard Holloway Tel: 01959 543550, E-mail: Design: Peter Beach CDC Creative Design Consultants ADVERTISING: Fax: 01959 543585 Commercial manager: David Lerpiniere Tel: 01959 543507, E-mail: Senior advertisement executive: Russell Bedford Tel: 01959 543569, E-mail: Senior advertisement executive: Adam Fergar Tel: 01959 543576, E-mail: USA Advertisement manager: Sharon Spurlin Tel: 001 954 579 5280, E-mail: Production: Karen Ayress Tel: 01959 543541, E-mail: Free Ads team: Christine Badley, Angela Barker, Rebecca Butler, Adam Gray, Robert Hotchin & Sandi Rizzo Tel: 0906 802 0279, E-mail: MANAGEMENT: Editorial Director: Phil Weeden Tel: 01733 353372, E-mail: Commercial Director: Matt Carson Tel: 01733 353362, E-mail: Chairman: Gordon Wright Tel: 01959 541444, E-mail: SUBSCRIPTIONS: New/renewals: 01959 541444 (8am to 5.30pm) Queries only: 01959 543530 (9am to 5.30pm) Subscriptions: 12 issues, inc delivery: UK, £44.40. Europe, £56.40. Rest of World (RoW), £62.40. Ring for rates in Euros or American dollars. PRODUCTS: Tel: 01959 541444 (international +44 1959 541444) Fax: 01959 541400 (international +44 1959 541400) E-mail: Back issues, inc delivery: UK, £4.20. Europe, £4.70. RoW, £5.20. CIRCULATION: Newstrade circulation manager: Arthur Heap Retail promotions manager: Eleanor Brown If you can’t find PT, contact Marketforce: 020 3148 3333 – or subscribe. AGENTS: Holland: Walter E Van Gulik, Trompweg 1, 7441 HN NIJVERDAL, Holland. Fax: 0548 623994 Sweden: Tore Blom, Rubens, 7007, 533 91 GOTENE, Sweden. Fax: +46 511 50535. Alf Olafsson. Fax +46 435 21728 Denmark: Jette Balle, TopKaervej 3, 8200 N Aarhus, Denmark. E-mail: Australia: Greg McNiece, Rally Badges, PO Box 9, Tatura, Victoria, 3616, Australia. Tel: 0061 3582 41734 France: John Pearson, Le Bourg, 16240 Theil Rabier, France. Fax: 0033 545 840522. E-mail: USA/Canada: Dave Binnig, 225, Walnut Street, Lindsey, Ohio, USA 43442 0337. Tel: 001 419 665 2666. E-mail: New Zealand: Stephen Caunter, 9, Reeves St, Stoke, Nelson, New Zealand. Tel: 03-5479081. E-mail:

Kelsey Publishing Group © 2011, all rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part is forbidden except with permission in writing from the publishers. PRODUCTION: Printed by: William Gibbons; Willenhall, West Midlands Note to contributors: Manuscripts submitted for consideration by the editor must be the original work of the author and not previously published. Where photographs are included, which are not the property of the contributor, permission to reproduce them must have been obtained from the owner of the copyright. Digital photographs should be at 300dpi or above. All material is sent to Kelsey Publishing and returned at the owner’s risk. E-mails will be treated in the same way as ordinary mail – the editor is not normally available to provide instant replies. Competitions: If any prize is lost or damaged during the course of delivery to you, we will provide reasonable assistance in seeking to resolve the problem. However, it will not always be possible to obtain replacements for lost or damaged goods, and no financial compensation is payable by us where replacement goods cannot be provided. Technical Features: Readers wishing to carry out any of the tasks outlined in technical or “step-by-step” features should ensure they have the necessary skills and equipment to do so safely. Kelsey Publishing accepts no responsibility for any injury or damage incurred in the process of following one of these features. Data Protection: When you write to us or respond to any competition, offer or promotion, we will enter your contact details (including e-mail address, where provided) in our customer database. We may use your details to send you information about any of Kelsey Publishing’s goods, services or promotions that we feel may be of interest to you. If you do not wish us to use your details for marketing purposes, please let us know at the time you write to us or send your response, or contact us at: We will not pass your details to any company outside the Kelsey Publishing Group without your prior agreement (for example, by your ticking the “opt-in” box on an entry form). If you have any queries about data usage, please e-mail: or write to: Cudham Tithe Barn, Berrys Hill, Cudham, Kent TN16 3AG.

MAY 2011

P3 Eds intro.indd 3

The Ferguson TE-F20 was a popular tractor in its day. See page 46 for part one of its engine rebuild.


elcome to the first issue of Practical Tractor, the magazine for enthusiasts and operators of older and classic tractors and related equipment. In Practical Tractor we aim to provide information on purchasing, operating, maintaining and repairing tractors and equipment manufactured over a wide period from the late nineteen forties to the mid nineteen nineties. This issue has advice on purchasing tractors aimed at first-time buyers, together with topical news items, information on new products for both your tractor and your workshop. Dave Rogers focuses on batter y chargers and batteries this month with his product test and uncovers the mysteries of battery chemistry to help you keep your battery in tip-top condition! For anyone contemplating buying one of Ford’s popular 7810 tractors we have a buyer’s guide for you. Our mechanics section contains a diverse range of topics such as the first in a series on the rebuild of a Ferguson TE-F20 diesel tractor, a front axle oil seal

replacement on an MF 6180, a guide to painting your tractor from Chris Jaworski and for readers interested in compact tractors Bernard Holloway introduces their origins with a short history. The tea break section has a word search for fun and ‘Scene Around’ where you can send in pictures of tractors waiting for a bit of TLC followed by our regular classified ads. As Editor of Practical Tractor I have a life-long interest in tractors and farm machiner y in general, having been brought up on a dairy farm and worked in mechanical engineering during my early career and latterly lecturing in agricultural machinery Practical Tractor has benefitted from the resources of a wide range of contributors, many of whom you may already know within the tractor world, and we are interested to include features from readers too! I hope you will enjoy this first issue and we hope to see you along the way!



16/3/11 12:18:07

Contents Main Feature..........................................................................6


Starting Out: Bernard Holloway advises enthusiasts new to tractor collecting and maintaining.

News .........................................................................................12 This month’s news from around and about

Product News ........................................................................14 Latest on the market

Market Trends ........................................................................16 Peter Love discusses current prices and availability of tractors

Best Buys: Products Focus ..............................................20

Buy it? Avoid it?

Chris Hope focuses on mobile tool storage.

Product Test ............................................................................22 Dave Rogers compares battery chargers and highlights the best buys.

Service ......................................................................................29 John Deere 6920 oil and filter change. Rob Hawkins follows the sequence of engine oil and filter change.

Spare Parts Focus ................................................................32 Andrew Hall reviews the latest additions to the ever increasing ranges of spares available.


16 What am I bid?

20 4


P4-5 Contents.indd 4

The Best Buys in mobile tool storage

Top Tips from the experts. ...................................................34 Dave Harris comes up with tips from the workshop. Battery Construction and Maintenance ..............................37 Dave Rogers uncovers the mysteries of vehicle batteries and gives advice on maintenance. Questions and Answers........................................................42 Reader’s queries are answered.

Mechanics ...............................................................................46 Ferguson TE-F20 Engine Rebuild Part One Students at Hadlow College carry out and engine rebuild of a diesel Ferguson tractor

Centre Spread ........................................................................50 Models Data file, technical specification and general information. Essential facts and figures for the International 784. MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:21:52

Save and Subscribe p97

Issue 1

22 May 2011

Tractor Buyer’s Guide Guide. ........................................................53 Andrew Hall offers advice on the Ford 7810 Tractor

Implements & Accessories ..............................................60

Smart Testing

Hayter Mower Repair. Andrew Hall repairs the blades on a vintage Hayter Topping Mower.

Mechanics Massey Ferguson 6180 Oil Seal Repair. .............................62 Andrew Hall follows the stages of an MF 6180 front axle repair. Engine Cylinder Block Repair Part One. ..............................68 Andrew Hall saves a badly cracked Fordson E27N cylinder block.

Bodywork ................................................................................72 Painting Your Tractor Chris Jaworski starts his series on repainting a tractor with limited resources.

Compacts .................................................................................78 Compact Tractors Bernard Holloway looks at the origins of early horticultural tractors.



Centre Spread

The Internationa l 784 was a comprehensively equipped offering from Internationa l harvester



Engine Capacity Horsepower

ntroduced in late 1977 Internatio nal 784 Hi-Perfor t h e mer tractor replaced the popular 674 model. Mechanica lly similar to the previous range the 84 range offered new styling and levels of performance for the farmer. A choice of two safety cabs was available. The ‘Luxury safety cab’ which was standard equipmen t featured tinted safety glass and air cylinders to hold the doors open and the higher spec Sekura cab with a virtually flat uncluttere d floor and a higher driving position with good heating and cab ventilation ! Built in the International Harvester Doncaster Factory the 784 has a German built 4-litre engine mated to an eight forward and four reverse gear synchromesh gearbox. The optional ‘Torque Amplifier’ doubled the ratios available and allowed clutch-les s changes between high and low settings! Another plus feature was the provision of two independe nt Power Take Off shafts, one 6-spline 540 RPM and one 21-spline 1000 RPM. High capacity hydraulics delivered 49 litres/minu te (11 gallons) with a maximum lift capacity of 2000kg (4400lb). Twin spool valves were a standard feature. Hydrostatic steering was finger light and braking system positive with hydraulic operated enclosed disc brakes.


Four cylinder in-line 4 litres

80, (59.8kW) Fuel tank Capacity 17 gallons (77

litres) Engine Oil Capacity 15 Pints (8.5 litres) Coolant Capacity With heater 24.5 Pints (14 litres) Clutch 11 inch (280mm) single plate ‘Dyna-life’ Transmission Eight forward/four reverse synchromesh or 16 forward/ eight reverse with torque amplifier Transmission oil capacity 7.5 Gallons (34 litres) Brakes Hydraulic self adjusting oil-cooled disc 10 inch ( 254mm) diameter Hydraulic system Category one/two three-point linkage Hydraulic Pressure 2,500 lb/ (175kg/ ) Lift Capacity 4,400 lb (2,000kg), 5,250 lb (2,380kg) with assistor ram Hydraulic Flow Rate 11 gallons/minut e (49 litres/minute) Front Tyre Sizes 7.50-16 (2wd) Rear Tyre Sizes 13.6/12-38 (16.934 optional) Weight 5,920 lb (2,688kg)


MAY 2011


One for the wall?

Front Line.................................................................................84 Fleet Focus Peter Love visits an East Sussex farm and reports on their varied fleet of tractors.

Tea Break

Wordsearch/ Photo of the month. ......................................88 Scene Around. ........................................................................89 Photos of tractors and equipment in need of TLC and restoration.

Free Ads ...................................................................................91 Packed with tractors, implements and tools for sale.

What’s next? ..........................................................................96 Details of what coming up next month.

Reflections ..............................................................................98 Opinions and items currently of interest. MAY 2011

P4-5 Contents.indd 5

53 A willing workhorse PRACTICAL TRACTOR


16/3/11 12:46:13

Main Feature A beginners guide to buying & maintaining

Starting out Bernard Holloway’s first timer’s guide to purchasing and maintaining the right tractor for you


his article is designed to help you purchase your tractor, with advice on simple repairs and maintenance which we hope are within the capability of the average hobby tractor owner. Our guide is of a general nature due to the numerous machines and specifications on the market and will cover those built from 1940’s through to the early 1980’s. In the main these are straightforward to work on; are of simple design and relatively inexpensive to purchase when compared with new machinery. Later tractors and those with complex electronics are not covered.


A rare Farmall BMD diesel. Have you storage space; spares are not cheap. 


P6-10 Starting Out.indd 6

Research is essential. Don’t blindly purchase the first tractor that comes your way unless you are absolutely confident it meets your needs, is in good order and represents value for money. You can sometimes strike gold with a first purchase but it is far better to initially consult tractor clubs, speak to owners, read specialist books, technical MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:23:33

Beware of hidden defects. A cracked block was revealed upon cleaning and the removal of the dynamo. This is not untypical on the TE-20 series.

Research is essential. Don’t blindly purchase the first tractor that comes your way unless you are absolutely confident it meets your needs The Massey Ferguson 178 will be expensive to restore with heavy complicated components, particularly regarding the front axle making it beyond the scope of many first-time tractor restorers. articles, operators manuals and magazines in order to select the model that you want. Needs vary, a tractor for road runs or shows may not be suitable for working a small holding. Give your requirements some thought and the compatibility of any implements with your choice of tractor. To gauge market values check auction results, MAY 2011

P6-10 Starting Out.indd 7

dealer’s prices, electronic web sites and the classifieds. Tractor and Machinery’s price guide has 6 bands covering the non runner for restoration through to the concours machine. Make your tractor selection and stick to your budget. It is also wise to do a bit of further research once you have made your choice to confirm serial numbers for PRACTICAL TRACTOR

16/3/11 12:23:45

A beginners guide to buying & maintaining the model so that you know once you find the commission plates and engine numbers they are correct for the model. A bit of research prevents impulse buying and regretting it at your leisure.


It was a bargain buy. But this proud owner may repent at leisure.

A rare Allis Chalmers easy to work on but do you really want these spade lug iron wheels?

With the advent of the internet the scope for the would be buyer has opened up enormously. Here you have access to dealers, private sales, and on line auctions at the touch of a button and the luxury of sifting through them in the warmth and isolation of your office or home. Beware of buying on line and not viewing your perspective purchase. It is important to view first; buying blind is not a sensible option. If you don’t view a machine and it doesn’t come up to spec you only have yourself to blame. It goes without saying always check out the vendor, the terms and conditions of sale and the safeguards available to you. Not everybody is honest! Dealers including marque specialists are a very useful supply of tractors as they have a reputation to protect and are usually selective in what they sell. The tractor world is a very close knit community and word soon gets round if a dealer is underhand. Always attend the preview and a couple of auctions before you bid. There are no guarantees of a bargain. Beware of your sale rights before you purchase and don’t forget vat and premiums will have to be added if you are successful. Private sales, word of mouth and that abandoned tractor in a field are a useful source but the usual cautions apply as anywhere else. Do bear in mind that when you are purchasing a vehicle some may be beyond their prime and so don’t give the vendor a hard time if you don’t like the look of it, or don’t get the answer to a polite question. Just leave it there, another opportunity will come along.


Check the battery condition and the wiring loom. 8


P6-10 Starting Out.indd 8

Always arrange to see the tractor in daylight. If you are a first timer or not mechanically minded take a friend, together with trolley jack, safe support, clean rags and overalls, as you are going to get dirty. We have made an assumption the seller has good title to the tractor so Caveat Emptor. Let the Buyer Beware. Do the normal checks on the seller and try to establish ownership. Unfortunately many older tractors have never been registered or may have lost their registration number so a lot of times you have to buy on faith and intuition. Due to the growing market in the tractor world remember all that glisters is not gold. There are many tractors on the market waiting for the unwary MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:24:17

Buying a Trac tor Checklist

Before attempting to sta rt the tractor Carefully inspect engine cyl inder block and skid unit for cracking, repairs and signs blocks and these may be rep of fluid seepages. Many tra airable but expensive, as spe ctors have cracked cialist skills are required. Bef of accrued dirt as best you ore you inspect clean off the can. If you wish to carry out a accumulation com pre ssi on tes t che ck the manual to obtain the Inspect the radiator filler cap recommended data. for signs of emulsion, its presence is an indication of The oils should be up to the a blown head gasket correct levels on the dip stic k and free from contamina appearance are indicative tion. Tar coloured oils or tho of poor maintenance, wear, se of a milky worn seals and condensat any amount of running is und ion and will require drainin ertaken. g and renewal before Generally appraise the con ditions of the wiring loom, tyres and tin work. Look for wear on the tyres are indica jury rigged electrical repairs tive of incorrectly set steerin and bodges. Uneven g geometry, wheel bearing loader. Are the correct tyre wear or scuffing due to the s fitted for what you require presence of a front and are they a matching set and condition and free from cor rosion and damage? A tra in good condition? Are the ctor that has been used as wheels in good and tin work. a yard scraper will often hav e corroded wheels If you are satisfied with the above. Run the tractor: Always ask the owner not to start it up before you get there. without resorting to additiv Starting the tractor from col es. Poor starting could be d should be easy due to a flat bat ter y. Does indicative of engine wear, the engine discharge blue worn valves guides piston smoke on start up s etc. White smoke may ind injectors. Blue smoke indica icate incomplete combustion tes cylinder wear and worn due to faulty fuel piston rings. Allow the eng the usual checks for fluid ine to run for at least 30 min seepage. Turn off and che utes to get hot. Do ck for hot starting problems Engine: Listen for undue . knocking, thumping or rum bling, which may be indica crankshaf t, but don’t confus tive of worn main bearings, e this with timing chain rat big ends and tle and tappet noise. An eng pressure should not fall bel ine rebuild could be possib ow 25psi on idle but consul ly required. Oil t ma nual for actual details. Low crank bearings. Check for any exhaust blows on the oil pressure is usually sym manifold and pipe work. ptomatic of worn Fuel system : Check all fue l lines for leakage. Proper operation of fuel pumps, inje prevent the flow of fuel to ctors, and build up of sedime pumps and injectors. nt which may Fluids : Recheck the fluids and look for foaming or wa ter in the oils indicative of transmission. Check hydrau expensive problems with the lic and cooling pipe work for engine or leakage and distor tion. Che remove a radiator cap from ck the radiator is not leakin a hot engine once it is pre g and do not ever ssu rise d. Aga in che ck the dip sticks for levels and Electrical: If there is an am condition of the oils. meter it should show a cha rge with the engine runnin electrical discharge via ligh g but will show a change of ting etc. Generally check to output with any assess condition of wiring equipment. Carry out a vis loom, electrical connection ual check of dynamo or alte s and any auxiliary rnator to see if this is the cor non original par ts. rect fitment or if there has been an upgrade or Hydraulics : Check these operate efficiently and hol d in position through out the pass and affect efficiency range of operation. Worn sea , Worn pump shows in jerk ls allow fluid to by y operation or the hydraulics Driving the tractor: not holding in position. If you have never driven a tractor then don’t drive som ebody else’s unless you hav need to avoid an accident e plenty of room and are abl and may not be insured on e to control it. You an unknown machine! Only Clutch and pto : Check the drive on private ground wh se for operation. If non ope ilst testing. rative the clutch may only require the tractor to be spl require adjustment. Many it to access them. The PTO clutches if worn out may not operate if the PTO Transmission and rear clutch or seals are defective axle: Check for the operat . ion of both high and low ran from the gearbox and differe ges and feel for baulking of ntial. All tractors have their cha nges and whines characteristics this is where Brakes : Beware these are your research is important not like modern cars and are . normally only work on the pulling to one side. Probab rear wheels. Check for oil ly best to budget for new bra contamination, kes and possible skimming the back plates expect to of brake drums and if any change half shaft seals. visible oil leaks on Steering : Check all ball join ts and drag links for wear and play in the steering. If excessive wear on the kin a front loader has been att g pins and front wheel bea ached probably rings too. Excessive play in Pivot pin and trunnion : steering wheel may mean The front of the tractor wil a steering box rebuild. l have to be jacked up and in the trunnion. suppor ted check for wear in the pin and movement Implements and Auxillar y equipment: Do you rea lly need that front loader, hed Tin work and cabs: Che ge cut ter etc? If you do ma ck for rust, bodged repairs ke sure it works. , and damage.

MAY 2011

P6-10 Starting Out.indd 9



16/3/11 12:24:29

A beginners guide to buying & maintaining

Do you like a particular mark?

Typical petrol engine. Go through the components methodically.

that have been given a cosmetic make over with no attention paid to the mechanics. Purchasing a tractor is really one of methodically going through the mechanicals with the cosmetics remaining secondary on the list. An initial appraisal of the basics shown on p9 can save you plenty of time and money. We recommend you draw up a check list and take it with you. Leave space to add your own comments as you undertake your inspection. You have now carried out your preliminary inspection, formed an opinion as to the tractors condition and value. If you are going to view a rare tractor investigate before you go the availability and cost of spares. Set the cost of any repair works agains t your budget based on comparable machines, allowing for Vat and transportation as applicable together with a contingency sum for hidden defects and make your offer. If you are still not confident about the tractor view it again or go elsewhere.


A woodland find. They are around but take care hidden defects and costs abound. 10 PRACTICAL TRACTOR

P6-10 Starting Out.indd 10

MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:25:05

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03/06/2011 15:50


CASE IH’s GOLD VALUE range gives older tractors a second lease of life. Specifically suited for the older range of Case, International and David Brown tractors. Gold Value parts will keep your machine’s performance at the highest levels and extend it’s working life. The sit our website at i v r o , n Gold Value range is constantly matio r o f n expanding. ore i m r o ler f a e IH D C o n tact y o u r C A S E

002 CNH UK Ltd T&M Dec 2010.indd 1

14/03/2011 15:34

Got a story? Contact: The Editor, Practical Tractor Cudham Tithe Barn, Berrys Hill, Cudham, Kent. TN16 3AG or alternatively email

Company Connections with Charity

Spaldings announces RABI as their nominated charity for 2011


incoln, 10th January 2011 – Spalding’s, one of Europe’s leading distributors of Agricultural replacement parts, tools and accessories have announced that the Royal Agricultural Benevolent Institution will be their nominated charity for 2011. Last year RABI celebrated 150 years of providing support to the farming community with help ranging from quarterly grants for the elderly to specialist equipment for the disabled. “The agricultural industry is one that Spalding’s is very much a part of and is an industry that has driven our success over the past fifty five years of trading” says David Fox, Chief Executive Officer for Spalding’s. “Our support of RABI in 2011 is an opportunity to give something back to the agricultural community and we will be working throughout the year on a number of fund raising initiatives.” Spalding’s will also be working closely with RABI to raise the charities profile and increase awareness of its services amongst the farming community. All Spalding’s advertising will now carry RABI’s logo and their website will detail the charities contact details, in the event that a Spalding’s customer may require their services. “The first fundraising event will be held over the two days of the LAMMA Show at which a number of products from our range will be raffled to raise funds. Secondly there will be a tandem sky dive set to take place in early spring with many Spalding’s’ employees taking part” Mr Fox says. “There will be other sponsored events throughout the year in order to raise as much financial support and generate some additional funding that is so crucially needed by RABI.” For more information, contact Cat Webb on 01522 507 572 or on

HSE Booklet: No Second Chances A Farm Machinery Safety Step by Step Guide.


ver a 5 year period HSE Agricultural Inspectors investigated nearly 7000 accidents. The recent guide is based on a detailed analysis of 1,000 events involving the clearance of blockages and machine maintenance and provides practical advice and illustrative case studies. The full report can be obtained from HSE books together with a 13 minute video. PO Box 1999 Sudbury, Suffolk CO01 2WA Priced £25.00 plus Vat 12 PRACTICAL TRACTOR

P12-13 News.indd 12

Key Findings; • Bad Work Practices were a factor in 75% of machinery accidents indicative of lack of knowledge and training • Maint aining the machine and the clearance of blockages were identified as particularly hazardous operations. • The machine was underpowered in 60% of the cases but power was only needed in one third of these.

• 29% had poor guards • 10% of machines were poorly maintained. • Most accidents were in the 17-25 year age group with another peak involving 40-45 year olds. • 50% of the victims were caught on moving parts • The operator was most often the injured party. MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:25:32

Safety First The most dangerous industry to work in; Agriculture!


o its official according to the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) the UK agriculture is the most dangerous industry to work in. It accounts for 25% of work related deaths but employs only 1.5% of the population. Figures released by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) reveal that between April 2009 and March 2010, the number of reported major injuries, such as broken bones or amputations, rose to 640 an increase of 6.66% from the previous year. The 38 deaths representing an increase of 48% over the same period. Unacceptable statistics in any industry! Many of the accidents could have been prevented, or their impact reduced, had simple safety precautions been taken, believes Graeme Walker, Head of Agriculture at the HSE. “The first thing to learn is that accidents are not acts of God,” he says. “They are generally caused by failure to do something properly and are often repeated time and time again”. The construction industry was in a similar position approximately 10 years ago and has changed its attitude and processes as a result of a collective desire to reduce the number of deaths and injuries. This has primarily been achieved though a cohesive and regular training regime, risk

assessments, adequate supervision and a willingness and awareness by both the design and the construction team to think safety. As a result fatal injuries have been reduced by approximately 75% from 118 in 1983 to 30 in 2009-10. Now we at Practical Tractor fully recognize that safety regimes in place for construction works may not all be applicable to agriculture, but the figures illustrate improvements can be achieved with education and appropriate systems in place. The HSE’s ‘Make the Promise’ campaign, launched in January 2009 is helping to spread the message. 30,000 farmers have signed up with a promise to themselves, their families, and businesses to ‘come home safe’ and Mr Walker would like to see this expanded. The industry-wide ‘safety summit’, held at the end of last year is a step in the right direction with key bodies such as the NFU, CLA, TFA and Colleges in attendance to discuss Health and Safety for the first time. Peter Garbutt, (NFU), has recently added farm safety to his remit as transport and inputs adviser. “We want to have a common-sense approach with some very simple practical ideas - the focus is on reducing accidents. “The key areas we are looking at are transport, machinery and

falls, the causes of the biggest number of accidents, but are the easiest areas to make a difference. “We will not see movement unless we see leadership from the top, which is why we have involved management from all organizations,” he says. “There will always be accidents, but what we want to do is reduce their severity and stop the preventable ones. We would welcome your thoughts and comments on this matter - Ed

This is the result of an overturn accidenta too common occurance on slopes!

Cowling’s compact success After nearly 60 years the Landlegend compact tractor still thrives


omerset-based compact tractor specialists, Cowling, is reporting the huge popularity of the Landlegend range of compact tractors. Built in the Far East these days, the Landlegend range has been around since 1952 and, now 2.5 million sales on, they’re still used widely to this day. Farmers and smallholders alike use Landlegend tractors, but they’re also hard at work in forest and woodland sites, wildlife parks, country estates and many other public spaces. The latest models are powered by a MAY 2011

P12-13 News.indd 13

25bhp or 40bhp four-stroke direct injection diesel engine and features twin hydraulic pumps. Convenience comes with power steering and there are useful features such as diff lock and high and low range gearbox with eight forward and two reverse ratios. Cowling don’t just specialise in Landlegend compacts. The company also sells and services other makes, notably Kubota, Iseki, Massey Ferguson, Ford, John Deere and more. Further information is available from, or by calling 07813 847128. PRACTICAL TRACTOR 13

16/3/11 12:25:54


Got a product or service? Contact: The Editor, Practical Tractor Cudham Tithe Barn, Berrys Hill, Cudham, Kent. TN16 3AG or alternatively email

Workshop Essential

Re-spraying Your Tractor?



ools by Post (Thorcraft) have just the tool in the form of this Spray Gun Kit FMT4007. It comes in a neat carrying case and includes its own air regulator, water trap, 10 filters and a gun stand. Priced at £69.98 inc VAT this is a must for tractor restorers everywhere.

larke has a reputation for bringing enthusiasts robust tools at affordable prices. Its range of air compressors is no different – Machine Mart now stocks a brand new compressor (the Pioneer 220) that’s said to be ideal for DIY and hobby use, be it spraying, inflating tyres or powering pneumatic tools. It’s also designed to be neat and compact. It weighs just 22kg and is fitted with two wheels for manoeuvrability around the workshop. It’s also fitted with a safety valve and gauge for controlled air pressure. Find out Visit: 0844 880 1250 more on the Machine Tel: Pay: £179.98 Mart website.

Visit: Tel: Pay: 01424 717453 £69.98 inc VAT

Laying Down on the Job


unson has recently introduced a new folding work mat. When open, it measures 47in by 17in by 1.5in. Once used, it can be folded away and sealed thanks to its attached straps. When open, it measures 47in by 17in by 1.5in. Once used, it can be folded away and securely sealed thanks to its attached straps.

‘Tank in a Tank’


lassic car parts specialist Ratsport has been appointed the European distributor for Bill Hirsch Gas Tank Sealant. According to Ratsport, this American product is the best way to repair and restore petrol and diesel tanks. It claims to be able to seal pinhole leaks and seams, plus prevent corrosion: once the liquid is poured inside, it works by setting and lining the tank to form a ‘tank within in a tank.’ It’s reportedly suitable for use with steel, aluminium, stainless steel, fibreglass and ABS tanks. Readers should expect to pay £28.99 for enough solution for up to 11-gallon tanks and £56.40 for tanks of up to 25 gallons. Visit: Tel: Pay: 020 8854 4777 £28.89


P14 Product News.indd 14

The mat comes complete with a head rest, plus handles and has been trimmed in a waterproof fabric that makes it ideal for the DIY mechanic, both in and away from the workshop. Visit: Tel: Pay: 01926 815000 £28.95

Welding Helmets from Weldability-SIF



ew top quality solar powered welding helmets are available from Weldability-SIF. The Phantom Active is a hard wearing, stylish pattern design and has a large 98mm x 44mm viewing area with a 110mm x 90mm x 9mm Auto Darkening fi lter. It is suitable for MMA (arc), MIG as well as TIG welding applications offering DIN16 UV/IR protection. It has two light detection sensors, adjustable sensitivity and delay. Weldability has one of these helmets worth

£79 to give away.

To have a chance to win this helmet just send your name and address on a postcard to Weldability giveaway, Practical Tractor, Kelsey Publishing, Cudham Tithe Barn, Berry’s Hill, Cudham, Kent. TN16 3AG or enter online at and search for ‘TRACTOR2011’ Visit: Tel: Pay: +44 (0)1462 482200 £79.00 MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:26:34









ALL NEW series on rebuilding and restoring a classic MF135 from loyal workhorse to show stopper. Currently filming!

Follow on-line with extracts showing each important element of the process. Site also featuring – – – – – –

Restorer’s projects Enthusiast’s projects List of manufacturers registers and clubs Forum for those hard to find solutions List of shows and events Free classified adverts


increased performance • fully adjustable • 3 year warranty


intelligent fuel saving

• dealer or self fit • 3 year part-ex


• reduces CO2 emissions • saves up to 12% on fuel



0845 838 1405 0845 838 1039 UK Head Office London & South East Office w w w. t u n i t . c o m MAY 2011

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11/03/2011 10:39

14/03/2011 16:27



Market Trends

Each month Practical Tractor looks at the sales market and its trends and possible bargains that readers might want to take up, as seen on the sales grounds around the UK. Massey Ferguson

Another ‘time bomb’ tractor in 2010 was the Massey Ferguson 148; they are very rare everyone says, particularly collectors of the 100 series ‘Red Giants.’ I don’t think they are quite as rare as people say, but with the Multi-Power (some were made without) are worth having. It’s fitted with the AD3.152 engine as in the 135 and makes something a bit different, we had a ‘so so’ restored example with cab make over £7,500 in high summer and at Harrogate we saw another example without a cab raise over £12,000. You did read that correctly, but was it really worth that? Things continued to rise in October when a genuine original example with just over 1,000 hours on the clock was to sell for £13,000.


espite all the doom and gloom, prices right across the board of the tractor market last year kept up very well, particularly in the middle of the season when a number of record prices were recorded for a host of vintage machinery. Since then prices have tapered slightly, but if you have the right item it will of course make it quite frankly. But that said there were not as many exciting items offered in the autumn vintage sales as everyone wanted, although one or two things did shoot out the door as they say, as we will see here. In the modern market there is a major problem that at present is getting worse, and that is stock, generally there’s a real shortage of the right thing. With prices of new tractors continuing to rise every few months the second hand market can only be a good thing.

Roadless 4/6 four-wheel drive in original order is what it is all about these days; this would have cost you £16,500 last October. 16 PRACTICAL TRACTOR

P16-17 Sales & Auctions.indd 16


Turning to market trends on the older stuff there were a good number of positive vibes over the year, but you again needed the right thing to do well. One example of this is the 1962-65 Roadless 6/4, they have been selling pretty well over the past couple of years and the one that Cheffins sold in October raised £16,500. People did question whether this is an original example or a made up one. They certainly voted with their feet and the proof was in the price. The tractor carried a Boughton winch at the sale, but all the original linkage was included. It was of course unpainted and unrestored and certainly had that patina finish to it. It looked acceptable, as sometimes too much rust can cause the price to go the other way.

Jewelltrac Roadless

Putting things in perspective, everyone was saying at the same sale that the working condition 1984 Jewelltrac Roadless 116 of Steve Guy was going to make £40,000 “it’s one of the very last you know.” Well so be it, but to be frank for some in the movement the model with the later troublesome axle are not as well thought of. It’s one of the last, but people just don’t seem to have the same level of respect for these machines. When, with VAT, it made £23,638 (after the sale on the day) people were saying to me the price was low, quite frankly I’m not so sure at all. Particularly when you take the cost of restoring it, which for starters would be, I would have thought, in the £15,000 plus area.

Some £13,000 was paid for this very original ex British Sugar 148 the ‘in’ MF of 2010. The French made 130; people again think they are rare, however a good number were bought and sold in the UK at one time. One has to say the industrial version is rare and hardly ever comes up. I have seen some lovely original 130 examples sell for not much money and people do expect the world from them now. The best in 2010 at a sale was £2,300 for an original example. We have not seen the 2006 record of £3,800 beaten for an excellent restored example. One has to remember a very well restored 135 in top order will raise approximately £7,000. For an original 135 £15,000 plus can be expected, a new record having been set in Kent on 18 September 2010. Quite frankly the 135 is a very sound ‘safe’ investment in the ‘red’ unfortunately the £15,000 paid in April 2010 for a MultiPower 165 will certainly take some beating. Another well painted 165 with Multi-Power MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:27:07

Sale Dates March


26 Carl Villwock Estate Museum

1 Sale of Plant, Machinery, Small

Auction. Dinky’s Auction Center, 9073 East CO. RD 550 N, Montgomery, IN 47558, USA. Aumann Auctions (001 217 563 2523).

26 Auction of Commercial Vehicles, Spares, Models & Literature. Three Counties Showground, Malvern, Worcestershire. H J Pugh & Co (01531 631122).

26 Kitsmead General Sale. Kitsmead Sale Ground, Kitsmead Lane, Longcross, Chertsey, KT16 0EF. Wellers (01932 568678).

26 Farmers Spring Machinery Collective Sale. Bicker. Pygott & Crone (01529 414555).

30 Onsite/Online Auction of Modern Plant, Vehicles & Equipment. Errol Airfield. Errol. Perth. Morris Leslie Auctions (01821 642940).

31 Collective Auction of Tractors, Implements & Machinery. Frome Market, Standerwick, Frome. Cooper & Tanner (01373 831010).

Tools & Sundries. Shrewsbury Auction Centre, Bowman Way, Shawbury Turn, Battlefield, Shrewsbury SY4 3DR. Halls (01743 462620).

2 Collective Sale. Ardingly

Showground, Ardingly, Nr Haywards Heath, Sussex. South East Marts (01323 844874).

2 Liskeard Spring Machinery

Sale. Collective Sale of Farm Machinery, Implements & Tools. Kivells (01566 777777).

4 Cambridge Machinery Sale. Saleground, Sutton, Ely, Cambridgeshire CB6 2QT. Cheffins (01353 777767).

8 Collective Sale of Farm

Machinery, Plant & Tools. Ashford Market, Kent. Hobbs Parker (01233 502222).

8 Sale of Plant, Machinery

& HGV. Shobdon Airfield, Leominster, Herefordshire. Brightwells (01568 611166).

9 Rare Wagons, Tractors,

Collectibles, Tools. Anita, Iowa, USA. Nixon Auctioneers (001 402 287 9971).

9 Sale of Farm Machinery & Equipment. Drove Farm, Little Hale Fen, Sleaford, Lincs. Brown & Co (01476 514455).

entered in a sale a couple of months later was sold for £5,600, it brought things right back to square one on that score, as the owner was expecting £10,000 plus.

Ferguson Brown

After the Ferguson Brown sold for £20,000 on 21 October down at Holcombe Regis, there have been a number of such machines entered this spring in various sales. There have not been many ‘terrific’ examples sold of this make in recent times, mostly around

Putting your money into a Fordson Super Major New Performance is a good thing at the moment you cannot go wrong. MAY 2011

P16-17 Sales & Auctions.indd 17

9 Auction Heritage Day.

16 Cambridge Vintage

9 Sale of Tractors, Trailers,

16 Kitsmead General Sale.

Kent County Showground, Detling, Nr Maidstone, Kent. Lambert & Foster (01892 832325). Agricultural Machinery & Equipment. Thainstone Centre, Inverurie. Aberdeen & Northern Marts (01467 623710).

12 Auction of Heavy Goods

Vehicles, Plant & Municipal. Hyde Road, Belle Vue, Manchester M12 4SA. Stoodley Vehicle Auctions (01612 233882).

12 Annual Spring Collective

Sale of Farming & General Equipment. Uplowman Court, Uplowman, Tiverton, Devon. Stags (01884 255533).

13/14/15 Auction of Plant & Equipment. Roall Lane, Kellington, North Goole, Leeds DN14 0NY. Euro Auctions (01977 662255). 14 Auction of Contractors Plant. 31 Great Knollys Street, Reading, Berkshire RG1 7HU. Thimbleby & Shorland (01189 508611).

15 Auction of Tractors,

Fordson - Ford

When turning to the ‘blue’ you don’t lose money on the Fordson Power Major New Performance (1963-64), they are very solid indeed money wise. Good working examples average £3,500, and restored around £4,500-£6,000, but an exceptional original example has the potential to beat the £12,000 plus paid for an earlier Power Major (1960-62). This all happened in 2008, but their trend is very much upwards I feel. What about the Ford 5000? Well they have been up and down lately, but a good 1966 (Pre Force) example with Select-O-Speed raised £7,000 without a cab in June 2010. On the down side is the Fordson Standard N, their prices in 2010 was disappointing at times, but you never know.

Field Marshall

One make that has seen a great resurgence in 2010 is the Field Marshall, they had slipped down the pecking order a little,

Kitsmead Sale Ground, Kitsmead Lane, Longcross, Chertsey, KT16 0EF. Wellers (01932 568678).

16 North Midland Plant & Truck Auction. Prees Storage Ltd, A49. Prees. Higher Heath, Whitchurch, Shropshire SY13 3JX. Malcolm Harrison Auctions (01630 674326).

27 Onsite/Online Auction of

Modern Plant, Vehicles & Equipment. Errol Airfield. Errol. Perth. Morris Leslie Auctions (01821 642940).

30 Herstmonceux Collective

Sale. Herstmonceux, East Sussex. South East Marts (01323 844874).

30 Marvin Rohlfing Estate

Auction. Rohlfing Farm, Rohlfing Road, Hermann. MO 65041, USA. Aumann Auctions (001 217 563 2523).

30 Auction of Heavy Equipment,

Machinery, Plant & Small Tools. Borderway Mart, Rosehill, Carlisle CA1 2RS. Harrison & Hetherington (01228 406200).

the £13,000 mark, so it will be interesting to see if they push the average up this year.

Sale. Saleground, Ely, Cambridgeshire CB6 2QT. Cheffins (01223 213777).

Trucks, Contractors Equipment. 18226 68th Avenue NE, Kenmore, WA. USA. James G. Murphy Co (001 425 486 1246).

but across the board they have come up well with the Brian Lewis restored Series Three raising £16,100 in October. However the one to have in the range is the Field Marshall Series One Mk2 Contractor, expect to pay around £17,000 for one fully restored example now and a Marshall M restored in the £20,000 plus mark I feel. By the time you read this the season will in full swing so it will be interesting to see how things are going, up or down. Practical Tractor will certainly keep you informed.

Field Marshall’s have been on the climb again in 2010, this Series 3 sold for £16,100. PRACTICAL TRACTOR 17

16/3/11 12:27:24


Lamberhurst Engineering Bernard Holloway took a visit to Lamberhurst Engineering in the heart of Kent

A Ferguson 390T and Same 75V brought in for repairs and maintenance.


amberhurst Engineering Limited was set up by Andrew Fuller and Nigel Osborne in May 1997 when the proprietor of their previous employer Lamberhurst Equipment Limited retired after some 20 years of trading. The subtle name change for the new company, together with the retention of the same premises allowed the Directors to offer a seamless transition to former customers of the original company. Value for money and a good level of service is their aim and by keeping overheads down they have been very successful. The business has grown over the last 13 years from what was purely importation of tractors and implements and by casting their net widely they can now offer a good range of equipment. Their success has been achieved through word of mouth as they do not have any sales representatives. Today Lamberhurst Engineering are importers and distributors of Ferrari and Holder Tractors, Seppi and Berti Agricultural and Forestry Mulching/ Mulchers, Malfos ditching machines, Pellenc Vineyard tools and equipment, Caffini sprayers and are Kent and East Sussex dealers for Same, Siromer and Lamborghini Tractors. The Company retails a range of tractor mounted equipment and specialises in Tree surgery equipment and safety wear. They have a small shop selling a variety of goods such as hand tools to harnesses and Stilh and Husqvarna chain saws to lawn mowers for the private market. At the back is the well stocked parts desk. Their workshops are fully equipped to tackle mechanical breakdowns, welding and servicing of all makes of Agricultural, Forestry and Horticultural machinery. They have a small fleet of vehicles which they use to pick up customers vehicles for repairs, deliver parts, or attend site for repairs in the field. All their mechanics are factory trained. They have a wide customer base from the general public 18 PRACTICAL TRACTOR

P18 Dealer Profile.indd 18

A Ferrari awaits its owner. For the car buffs, buy one and paint it red. to main stream farmers and organisations such as the National Trust, Defence Estates and the Forestry Commission. During the present economic climate Andrew and Nigel have seen a swing away from the purchase of the larger tractor to compact models which are more suited to the local smaller acreage farms and Local Authorities who number amongst their customers. They have seen a recent increase in sales of forestry and vineyard equipment Kent being well located for the latter. Sales of Mulchers have also seen an upturn.

Andrew Fuller says the moss on the roof stops thermal loss in the winter and heat gain in the summer! Lamberhurst Engineering can be contacted on Tel: 01892 890 364 or Fax: 01892 890 122 or Email:

MAY 2011

17/3/11 13:03:02

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03/06/2011 15:50


Mobile tool storage Struggling to transport tools? Chris Hope looks at everything from tote trays to boxes to bags


ou may well already own a top of the line 17-drawer tool chest, with ultra-smooth opening thanks to ball bearing runners, but what good is it should you need to get a selection of tools from the farm workshop to the field? In this issue’s Products Guide we have a number of solutions. Tote trays can be bought from as little as £10, but offer minimal space and no security. Most tool boxes have the advantage of including an integral tote

tray, but range in price depending on size, the number (and ingenuity) of storage compartments, plus the durability of the design. We have also decided to look at tool bags – relatively new revelations to hit the market. Their major selling point here is that as they’re manufactured from fabric, they’re incredibly lightweight and can boast incredibly organised storage. If you’ve a little more to spend on tool storage, you might want to consider what

is effectively a cross between a tool box and a small tool cabinet, such as the one supplied by Draper. This is arguably the best way to keep premium tools safe. Of course ultimately the choice is up to you. So, take a look at our selection of mobile tool storage solutions and, don’t forget to let us know if you’ve bought any of the items featured. Your feedback is important to us, so make sure you get in touch at

Laser stackable tool tray

Draper expert three-drawer tool chest

Sealey stainless steel tool boxes

PRICE: £18.12 (inc VAT) FROM:, tel. 01926 815000

PRICE: £88.87 (inc VAT) FROM:, tel. 023 8049 4333

f you find that there are only ever a certain few hand tools that you use for remote maintenance of your tractor, then one of these stackable tool trays from Laser might be ideal. It not only comes with a grip handle and two compartments either side for all your tinkering mainstays, but Laser has ingeniously incorporated a line of drilled holes along the spine of the tray for screwdrivers. Best of all though, it comes complete with castors making it easy to move around on smooth surfaces. If you’re looking for a lightweight alternative to having to always revisit bulky tool chests for different tools, look no further.


hink tool boxes and you’ll probably imagine something with a handle that’s ideal for transporting tools. Think tool chest and you’ll probably have in mind something that’s kept in the garage, but has drawers to make fi nding specifi c tools easier. This three-drawer tool chest from the Draper Expert range cleverly combines both of these qualities. Manufactured from durable plastic, this tool chest comes with friction-type sliding drawers and two clip-type locks on the lid. The integral lock prevents drawers from sliding out when in transit too. It’s a sound investment if you’ve a little bit more to spend on mobile tool storage.

PRICE: £35.94-£41.94 (inc VAT) FROM:, tel. 01284 757500




P20-21 Best Buys.indd 20

7/ 10


8/ 10


f you’re after a tool box that boasts bomb-proof qualities then take a look at what Sealey has on offer – its heavy-duty range of stainless steel tool boxes come in three different sizes; 505mm, 560mm and 660mm. Each comes with an integral composite tote tray (meaning you don’t have to carry around the entire box if you’re just using a few tools) and a soft grip carry handle for added carrying comfort. Being a Sealey product, there are also currently savings of up to 40 per cent to be had on the list price of these items. Visit the Sealey website for further details on the current promotions available. OUR RATING

8/ 10

MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:28:16

Stanley professional mobile tool chest PRICE: £40.95 (inc VAT) FROM:, tel. 0844 335 3902


lthough Stanley is best known for its range of retractable, replaceable utility knifes, this tool company has a lot more to offer. Case in point is this Professional Mobile Tool Chest. This chest features a transparent organiser in the lid, a unique tote, nickel-plated metal latches and a topsoft grip handle. It measures 61cm x 37cm x 42cm so is actually quite a tall unit too – it should be deep enough to swallow up entire tool collections. Stanley products are available through a number of stockists, but one of the best prices we’ve seen for this tool box is at OUR RATING

7/ 10

Facom probag PRICE: £37.95 (inc VAT) FROM:, tel. 0844 335 3902


aking the fabric tool bag a step further is French brand Facom. It’s produced what it’s heralding as the Probag, a heavy-duty rigid holdall with a waterproof compartment and an aluminium handle. Besides offering a multitude of clips, pouches and partitions for tools, the

MAY 2011

P20-21 Best Buys.indd 21

Clarke 18in open tote tool bag PRICE: £23.98 (inc VAT) FROM: www.machinemart., tel. 0844 880 1250 hen is a tool box not a tool box? That’s right – when it’s a tool bag! The open design of this cross between a tote tray and a small holdall provides quick and easy access to tools. There are also numerous multi-use compartments to house all manner of pliers, spanners and allen keys. The bag comes complete with a removable padded shoulder strap, but there’s also a metal handle to make carrying heavier loads more comfortable. B e s t of all t ho u g h, a s i t ’s manufactured from fabric, rather than plastic/stainless steel, it’s also incredibly cheap to buy – see the Machine Mart website for further details.



9/ 10

Draper tool box PRICE: £20.88 (inc VAT) FROM:, tel. 023 8049 4333


raper has a wide selection of tool boxes, but not all have to be as sophisticated as the one we’ve just looked at from its Expert range. This example here offers what most readers will come to expect from a tool box – a ‘does what it says on the tin’ design, with a tote tray and storage compartments in lid to help organise loose sockets and bits. It’s manufactured from impactresistant polypropylene with a sturdy carrying handle, a metal latch closure and a paddock eye for extra security. The removable tote tray measures 386mm x 174mm x 35mm while the box itself is 400mm x 207mm x 178mm. It’s a good balance, making it both portable and functional enough to store a good selection of tools. We can’t argue with the price either – if you’ve not a lot to spend, but still want a proper tool box, this is a good buy. OUR RATING

OUR RATING Probag also features a closing flap, rather than an open tote design, to keep your tools away from prying eyes (and keep them dry). Facom is a high-quality brand and the features of the Probag shouldn’t disappoint. Please note that the price above is strictly while stocks last – the list price is £64.84 is you’re unlucky enough to miss out on this bargain.

8/ 10

8/ 10


16/3/11 12:28:29

Battery Dave Rogers compares the performance of smart battery chargers

chargers S

mart Battery chargers are becoming more popular, with a wider choice as equipment manufacturers bring out their own models. Generally Smart chargers are more expensive than a standard battery charger, or trickle charger. So the question is, are they worth the extra expense and if so why? So that is the theme of this test! We are to going evaluate, some smart chargers from some of the leading equipment suppliers. We will look at the salient features and functions in respect of price and value and make some recommendations for you. This will enable you to make an informed decision should you wish to purchase one. Also, if you don’t know anything about them, then, we’ll explain the details so you can work out if it may be worth considering buying one, so read on, and become smart about Smart Chargers:

WHAT IS A SMART BATTERY CHARGER? We all know what a battery charger is; it charges a battery as a standalone unit, using mains power, either on or off the vehicle. Generally they are nothing more than rectifiers and the control of voltage and current delivered to the battery during the charging phase which is either fixed or has to be manual controlled by the user. These chargers have no real way of knowing if the battery is fully charged or not, so leaving them connected can cause over-charging, not good for the battery,


P22-26 Battery Charger Product T22 22

and unsafe due to the production of flammable gases. As the price of electronic controllers and rectifiers have fallen this has allowed production of more sophisticated battery chargers. Microprocessor controllers have allowed operation in different, pre-programmed charging modes and monitoring of the battery during charging to give a much more efficient charging profile that is less injurious to the battery. That basically is a Smart charger, a micro processor controlled bat ter y charging and maintaining device.

WHY BUY ONE? Good question. Smart chargers are more expensive than a humble battery charger, so what are the technical reasons why you should consider the extra expense? As a classic tractor owner, is it worth it? One of the main drivers for Smart chargers is battery technology. The lead acid battery has evolved over the years with various technological developments (discussed elsewhere in this issue). These technologies can be sensitive to the type of charge they are capable of receiving, and the method of delivery. Overcharging causes the production of excessive gasses which is bad news for sealed batteries. Hence the need for a smart charger that can deliver an effective charge over a reasonable time without overcharging. Traditional battery chargers normally require the battery to be disconnected from the vehicle, to prevent damage to any electronic devices or controllers. Smart chargers deliver a smooth, accurate voltage that doesn’t cause any problems so the battery can remain connected to the vehicle. This doesn’t sound like a big deal, but disconnecting the battery on a modern car can cause a headache with radio codes, ECU’s etc. Although neither of these is an issue for a classic tractor, it’s quite likely that your charger may be used on other vehicles apart from you trusty Tractor, so you’ll need to consider this when purchasing. So, what issues does the Smart charger solve for your tractor? Battery charging is less destructive to the battery, produces less gassing and this prolongs battery life and prevents fluid loss. In addition, these chargers can cope with most battery technologies, your vehicle may have low maintenance, maintenance free, Gel or even a modern AGM battery, so you’ll need a flexible charger to cope. MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:28:59

In addition, we examined each charger, looking at build quality, extra features, ease of use etc. This allowed us to rate the chargers via other factors mentioned previously. Note that all the chargers selected have the following features which were thought to be essential: • Automatic, multi-stage charging • Can be left connected to a battery permanently for maintenance charging • Fully protected against over charge and over heat • Full reverse polarity connection protection • No need to disconnect battery from vehicle whilst charging

TEST CRITERIA 1. Quality/Durability (10% weighting) - This equipment will be used in a workshop environment, so it needs to be designed appropriately. We looked at the over robustness of the housing, cables, clips and accessories to make sure that they would survive daily life in the garage 2. Usabilit y/Ease of Use (10% weighting) - You don’t want a charger that requires a Physics degree to be able to set it up correctly. We looked for chargers that were easy to use - plug-andplay - irrespective of the battery state of charge. In addition, user manuals, instructions and informative websites were also considered as factors contributing to Usability 3. F e a t u r e s / f u n c t i o n s ( 2 0 % weighting) - We choose our c ha r g e r s b a s e d o n s o m e basic prerequisites, however, any additional features were considered, especially those which we felt were particularly useful - like in-built batter y testing functions, or extra useful operation modes. 4. Price/Performance (30% weighting) – We judged the value proposition of each charger and compared them against each other – If the price is high, but you get a lot for your money, then that’s fair enough. If the price is low, but your missing essential features, then the value is low 5. Unit Test (30% weighting) - We devised a simple test procedure that replicated the situation that requires the use of a charger - a flat battery! MAY 2011

P22-26 Battery Charger Product T23 23

It’s likely your machine has been laid up; a smart charger can really help here! Most of them have an advanced maintenance mode where the dormant battery is monitored continuously by the charger electronics, and pulsed with in infrequent, intermittent charge to keep it in tip-top condition. It does this without over charging and keeping the battery cycling so that the plates are still ‘working’. It’s particularly important to keep your battery charged, especially over winter as a flat battery will freeze in cold weather! If you do get a completely flat battery, a smart charger often has an advanced battery recovery mode, where even deeply sulphated batteries can be brought back to life (sulphation of the plates is caused by leaving the battery flat for an extended period). This could save you the cost of a battery replacement!







We chose six Smart chargers, available on the market that we felt were reasonably comparable in terms of price and functions. We then looked at key criteria that would be important to consider when purchasing and in use, giving each marks out ten. We then tested them with a typical charging scenario, and looked at how they performed, giving marks out of five. Finally the overall marks had a weighting factor applied to each criterion so as to provide an overall score and recommendation.

TEST METHOD Our simple test was designed to show the performance of the charger under a typical scenario. We took a lead-acid car battery (type 038) and connected it to a load until it was completely flat, with no terminal voltage. Next we disconnected to load and allowed the battery to stand for a number of hours. During this time, the battery terminal voltage will rise slowly and then stabilize to about 10 volts. This was a repeatable process, and once the battery was conditioned in this way, we connected the charger to be tested. The battery we used for the test was not new, however, it was in good condition (we felt using a used battery was more representative). In addition, temperature during the test was monitored carefully and maintained stable. To monitor the performance of the charger we took voltage and current reading using an Oscilloscope as a recorder. We switched on the charger allowing it to charge the battery for duration of 3 hours. The recorder data allows us to calculate current over time, which is the charge delivered to the battery in amperehours (Ah). This data is the basis of the comparison.

The graph below shows each chargers per for mance over the 3 hour s test time: At every 30 mins, the data was averaged to give a charge capacity figure in ampere-hours. In addition, ave r a g i n g t h e d a t a ove r t h e whole 3 hours gives a comparison table of which charger gave the greatest charge into the batter y over the test:


Ah delivered









Charge rate comparison 4

Charge delivered (Ah)





0 30 CTEX Ring

60 90 120 180 240 Charge time (mins) Optimate Draper

Oxford Sealey


16/3/11 12:29:09

CTEK MULTI XS 7000 (7A) This brand is the market leader in smart charger and was the pioneers of the technology. The unit pleasing straight out of box – it’s well made and excellent quality. It has a sophisticated 8 stage charging process and is very easy to get up and running, with a simple button selection of mode, and LED’s to show what the charger is doing. Add to this decent leads and clips, plus a power supply mode (to retain vehicle ECU memory) and it’s a great package. The only criticism is the weak instructions – but the website is great with lots of useful information.

CTEK 1. Quality/Durability 2. Usability/Ease of Use 3. Features/functions 4. Price/Performance 5. Unit Test OVERALL

Out of 5 5 4 4 3 5 82.00%

RRP - £144.99 inc. VAT

RING SMARTCHARGE + 8 (8A) This unit surprised me! Ring have a range of smart chargers available, all the way up to 16A; this is the 8 amp model with a 7 step charging process. After plugging it in, I was a bit disappointed that you need to select the charge rate manually, however, I guess this does give a degree of control if you need it. Once done though, the rest is fully automatic. The leads/clips are excellent, and the unit is well thought out with nice extras like a hanging hook, built in torch (in case you’re in a gloomy garage) and excellent digital display readout (Volts, Amps, Charge). The only small downside was the noise – the internal cooling fan is noisy – but I guess in a garage environment, it’s not that big an issue.

RING 1. Quality/Durability 2. Usability/Ease of Use 3. Features/functions 4. Price/Performance 5. Unit Test OVERALL

Out of 5 4 4 4 4 4 80.00%

RRP - £64.99 inc. VAT


P22-26 Battery Charger Product T24 24

MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:29:32

SEALEY SMART CHARGE HFC 16 (6/16A) This is an impressive, robust unit that looks like it would survive most things. It’s a little big compared to the other units but the build quality, leads, clips etc. are excellent. It has a nice easy to use control panel with simple switches and warning lights. This unit has a simple 3 stage charging process, with 2 output settings 6 and 16 amps. We tested it on the 6 amp setting, as this was correct for the battery we used. However, the 16 amp capability should be noted – this would be ideal for very large batteries. The instructions were a bit basic, but the device was easy to use anyway.

SEALEY 1. Quality/Durability 2. Usability/Ease of Use 3. Features/functions 4. Price/Performance 5. Unit Test OVERALL

Out of 5 5 4 4 3 4 76.00%

RRP - £110.94 inc. VAT


This is a simple, no frills charger straight out of the box, the leads seemed a bit short, and the battery clips could have been of better quality. However, the unit was easy to get going with simple mode selection buttons and LED indicators. The unit has a 5 stage charging process with additional power supply and battery regeneration modes – both quite useful.

DRAPER 1. Quality/Durability 2. Usability/Ease of Use 3. Features/functions 4. Price/Performance 5. Unit Test OVERALL

Out of 5 3 4 4 2 3 60.00%

RRP - £118.44 inc. VAT

MAY 2011

P22-26 Battery Charger Product T25 25


16/3/11 12:29:44



Out of 5

1. Quality/Durability 2. Usability/Ease of Use 3. Features/functions 4. Price/Performance 5. Unit Test OVERALL

This is a well made, good quality charger. It has a sophisticated multi-stage charging algorithm that includes a battery test/monitor feature. It’s also capable of charging batteries safely up from very low terminal voltages. The leads and clips are good quality and the kit includes a hard wiring kit for the vehicle. It’s easy to use, the instructions are clear and informative, and the LED display is easy to understand. The current output is lower than the others as this unit has been developed for the motorcycle market. However it is completely suitable for charging any light vehicle battery.

3 4 4 4 3 72.00%

RRP - £84.95 inc. VAT

OXFORD MAXIMISER 3800 (3.6A) This is a small compact unit that can be wall mounted with a bracket; in addition, you can use the supplied hardwiring kit for easy connection to the vehicle when in regular use. The user interface is easy to understand with a simple mode selection button and LED status indicators. In addition, the unit features a backlight meter display showing voltage and current, very useful, although the current reading was a bit inaccurate, however, it’s just there as an indication! The device features a 7 stage c har ging a nd mo ni tor ing process, with mode selection according to the battery size. This unit has the lowest current output, but it is very suitable for charging smaller batteries. I did feel that the connecting leads and case could have been of better quality. OXFORD 1. Quality/Durability 2. Usability/Ease of Use 3. Features/functions 4. Price/Performance 5. Unit Test OVERALL

Out of 5 3 4 3 4 3 68.00%

RRP - £64.99 inc. VAT

CONCLUSION/ RECOMMENDATION Now we have to narrow it down to make some recommendation. As an overall package, the CTEK is a very convincing proposition. It had the best performance in the test, and it’s a well-made, quality unit that will last a long time, and stand the rigours or workshop use. However, it’s at the top end of the price bracket. A close second was the Ring charger. This unit had some very smart design features, and performed well in the test. Considering its price, it’s very good value, so if you were on a budget, this unit would fit the bill very well. The Sealey unit was a great piece of workshop equipment, for everyday use, this would be a strong contender, simple to use and very powerful, it would be ideal if you are charging large batteries on a regular basis. You wouldn’t be disappointed with any of the charger s in this test. At the low price end, the Optimate and Oxford units are excellent value and have some very smart features; they are both lower current rated chargers and thus performed less well in the test. However, this shouldn’t put you off. If you were charging light vehicle batteries only either of these would be a great buy!

Dave Rogers is an Automotive Technologist and a trained Auto Electrician. You can connect with Dave via twitter @Autoelex or Facebook at Thanks to: Pico Technology ( 26 PRACTICAL TRACTOR

P22-26 Battery Charger Product T26 26

MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:30:07







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08/03/2011 14:08



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MAY 2011

15/03/2011 15:04

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03/06/2011 15:50


Out of 5




JD 6 series Rob Hawkins visited Ripon Farm Services and they show how to renew the engine oil and filter on the John Deere six series models


Nigh on impossible


• • • •

Socket and Wrench Drain Pan-20 litre plus capacity Filter Element Filter Wrench


Oil Filter element part number RE504836 Retail price; £14.50 + vat Half an hour

MAY 2011

P29-31 JD Oil filter.indd 29


enewing the engine oil and filter on most tractors is a straightforward nut and bolt job, but there are a number of problems that can arise and a number of issues to be aware of. We visited Ripon Farm Services to find out exactly how they renew the oil and filter on the John Deere six series models, which began production in 1993 with the 6000. The frequency of oil changes varies according to tractor model and oil used. In general, John Deere recommends an oil change every 250 hours with a standard

universal mineral oil, but if their Plus 50 (15W-40) is used, the service interval varies up to 500 hours and you should always refer to the operator’s manual for clarification. A typical problem that can arise when renewing the oil and filter concerns over tightening of the sump plug and oil fi lter which can cause stripping of the threads. It’s therefore important to know the torque setting of the sump plug, especially if the sump is made from aluminium, as it is easily stripped if the plug is over-tightened. Similarly, spinPRACTICAL TRACTOR 29

16/3/11 12:30:46

Service on oil filters should only be tightened by hand and not with a tool, despite the possibility that a strap may be required for removal. Another potential problem is over-filling. Too much oil can result in hard starting when cold, excessive pressure on engine seals and hard cranking, so make


Use a large container to capture the drained oil as most John Deere six cylinder diesel engines hold between 18 and 20 litres. Check the size of the sump drain plug and make sure you have the correct socket. Do not use a chisel to undo it.


P29-31 JD Oil filter.indd 30

Switch off the engine, before releasing the oil filler cap and removing the dip stick. Their removal helps prevent a vacuum being created when the sump plug is released which will restrict the oil from draining.



With the engine oil drained, try to slacken the oil filter. This is usually a spin-on type and fitted on a normal right hand thread. Once undone, make sure no oil leaks out when it is being removed from the engine bay.



Run the engine on level ground with the steering set straight. Leave the engine running until the engine oil is warmed up to its operating temperature. This will ensure the oil is thin and can be drained along with any dirt contained in the oil.


sure the engine oil doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t exceed the full mark on the dipstick. The following steps show Ripon Farm Services renewing the engine oil and filter on a John Deere 6920. All of the steps are applicable to most other six series John Deere models.

Use a breaker bar to undo the oil sump drain plug. The plug may have been over tightened, so be patient if it cannot be undone. Once slackened, remove the plug and be prepared for the oil to pour out.


If the oil filter cannot be slackened by hand, use an oil fi lter removal strap or chain. Some oil fi lters can be corroded, especially if they are fitted to alloy housing.


Clean the oil sump drain plug thoroughly including the thread and replace the rubber o-ring, using a small screwdriver to prise the old one off. Some oil sump drain plugs are fitted with a copper washer which must also be replaced.

MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:31:26

Service 8


If the new oil fi lter is wrapped in clear plastic, do not pierce the part of the plastic covering the inside of the filter. A fragment of plastic may escape inside the filter and will eventually get into the engine.

Next clean the thread cut into the sump and carefully refits the sump plug to the correct torque setting. Do not overtighten particularly if the sump is made of aluminium.


Add a smear of new engine oil around the o-ring on the new oil filter, the seal in the centre a n d t h e f i l t e r ’s th rea d. Th i s wi l l prevent the fi lter’s thread corroding a nd e n su re the seals don’t become dry upon fitting the filter.



Clean the bottom of the oil filter housing, making sure there’s no dirt on the thread. Fit the new oil filter and tighten it by hand. Do not use any tools to avoid over tightening.


With the oil filter renewed and the sump drain plug refitted, refill the engine oil with new oil. Do not fit the dip stick straight away as this can create a vacuum, so refill in stages, allow it to settle and use the dip stick intermittently to avoid over filling.

14 Start the engine and check that the oil pressure warning light does not stay on and the correct oil pressure is registering reading on the gauge. Leave the engine running for a minute and look for leaks from the sump plug and oil filter.


Switch off the engine, allow the engine oil to settle and recheck the reading on the dipstick. Always wipe the dipstick, then refit and remove it to check the oil level.

Ensure that you wear appropriate protective clothing to avoid contact with the used oil and always dispose of it in an environmentally friendly manner either at your local Council facility or UK Oil Bank, details of which can be found on the Internet

Thanks to: Ripon Farm Services – 01765 692255 MAY 2011

P29-31 JD Oil filter.indd 31


16/3/11 12:32:11

New developments Andrew Hall looks at a new fuel tap assembly for the Ferguson TE-D20


o more frustration for restorers of the ever popular Ferguson TE-D 20 with leaking or broken two-way fuel taps. Thanks to Agriline Products, the illusive taps are now available once again, making the Ferguson TE-20 range one of the easiest tractors to obtain spares for. One of the weaknesses with the original taps is scoring of the brass seating due to abrasive materials within the fuel system. This literally tears at the cork washer and eventually allows the tap to leak. On the TVO tractors the fuel levels between the starting and main fuel tanks need to be sealed from each other. With worn brass bodies and washers the fuels can leak internally and cause the fuel levels to even up and contaminate each other thus making starting and running difficult. On inspection the Agriline tap looks to be of very good quality and as good as the original item. The quality of the main casting is excellent with no ‘blow holes’ present and the machined areas have a good finish too. The tap assembly comes complete with the glass sediment bowl and is ready to fit. PRODUCT SUMMARY The replacement two-way tap from Agriline comes as a complete assembly ready to fit Product Two-way Fuel Tap and uses a full nut and a lock-nut to adjust How Much? £46.00 + vat the pressure on the Cork sealing washer. The quality of the machined seating is as Supplier Agriline 01527 579111 good as the original product and should be long lasting!


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P32 Spare parts focus.indd 32 PT Stubby Spanner Set 1/2p.indd 1

MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:32:43 15/03/2011 17:39



Page 1

Break the inner and outer bead on a tyre without removing the wheel from the vehicle! • Suitable for tyres 240–800mm wide • Can be used independently • Heavy duty construction incorporating 10 ton hydraulic ram

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Sets tappets on topadjustment systems more accurately than a feeler gauge.


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Clarke Mig 135TE Welder

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Tel: 01424 717453 Email: Fax: 01424 719553 Thorcraft Ltd, Unit 4, Haywood Way, Ivy House Industrial Park, Hastings, Sussex TN35 4PL Our Sales Department and showroom are open 8.30am-5.15pm Mon-Sat

Payment: Send cheques or quote credit card number. CARRIAGE: Orders under £50 add £3.95 p&p (UK mainland). Carriage up to £300 add £6.95. Over £300 add £10.95 (UK mainland). Prices are inclusive of VAT. Prices correct at time of going to press. E&OE MAY 2011

033_PT1_May 2011.indd 33


14/03/2011 16:44

Advice Top Tips

from the experts

The basics. Commercial gasket paper, scraper, scissors, ball pein hammer and a couple of alternative materials from the domestic recycling bin.

So that’s

how they do it Dav id Harris shows how to produce gaskets when unavailable from any other source



The surface must be clean. Finish off with brake cleaner or the sticky stuff won’t hold.


• Small ball pein (“tap”) hammer – 8 ounce is ideal but a one pound if you’re stuck. • Scissors and craft knife or scalpel. • Pencil and compasses for marking round apertures. • Something sticky to hold the gasket while cutting. (Use small dobs of thick grease, B--Tack or similar). • Emery cloth and rag or paper towel. • Proprietary gasket paper sold in sheet or rolls. • Alternatively a collection of different thickness art card, plain paper packaging, old cereal packets or similar. • Non-setting liquid gasket for a belt and braces job. • Patience! 34 PRACTICAL TRACTOR

P34-35 Top tips.indd 34


You can make replacement gaskets for any joint that retains fluids like oil, antifreeze or water, but only if the likely pressure is less than (say) 20psi. This will include water pump and coolant components, rear axle and gearbox joints and odd things like steering box end plates. If there was originally a paper gasket, have a go. Any joint subject to high pressure, such as oil pump feeds and hydraulic joints will require the genuine article, often manufactured from plastic or copper. Similarly areas subject to compression

pressure, such as head gaskets are off the list. Exhaust manifold gaskets are subject to very high temperatures, so again use the bought part. Inlet manifold joints can be made with care but use a fairly thick paper to take up any irregularities. One grey area are hydraulic top cover gaskets. If the cover is retained by plenty of bolts, possibly with dowels as well, and is on a pre 1960ish model with a relatively low lift capacity, paper gasketry will probably survive. On the later and heavier kit self-adhesive composite gaskets help to stop the cover moving under load, so use the genuine article if in any doubt. MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:33:25

Advice 2




All surfaces must be clean, free from burrs and dry. Use an old paint scraper or similar to shift the original gasket and emery cloth to finish off. Be careful with aluminium and brass components to avoid scratching the surface. The fi rst two holes done and the basic shape marked by a traditional grubby finger.


Select a suitable thickness.

No definite rule here but try and match the original. The only area where thickness is crucial is on any component like a gearbox or rear axle where the gasket is part of the preload setup for a pair of tapered bearings. Use a micrometer or vernier to accurately measure the thickness of old and new, but remember that the original has probably been squashed for the last 30 years!. Gasket paper of varying thicknesses is available from various motor factors.

At this stage scissors can be used to finish the outside, if you prefer.


Hold it.

Gentle taps with the ball end for the holes, but do support the paper to ensure accuracy.


Position the paper over the component and either retain it with a few dots of something sticky or hold it with fingers spread. Be prepared to move your grip as you work. It is useful to mark where the edges are, using either a slightly grubby finger or a pencil.


Gently tap the first hole centrally with the BALL end of the hammer while pressing the paper against the surface with a finger each side of the hole. Several light taps will cut the paper against the sharp edge of the hole. Once this has been done two or three times drop bolts into the holes to assist location, especially on big gaskets. Again use the BALL end to gently tap your way around the profile, cutting the paper against the sharp edge. You may have to go back over some sections, but do not try and rush the job by tearing little bits that hang on; you’ll end up taking a chunk out.

Round the outside.

Once all the holes are done finish off by tapping right round the component, using the FLAT end at about 45 degrees to the edge. This can be tidied up with scissors or a scalpel as required.

To goo or not to goo. Using the flat end to tap round the outside.


Holes first.

Inside radii. And now the inside edges. Note the bolts locating the gasket.

Nearly done; just fish the cut-outs out of the bolt holes.

The paper will do most jobs on its own, but if in doubt, and to hold the gasket in place during fitting, apply a sensible amount of gasket goo (non-setting liquid sealant!) to both sides.

Use non-setting sealant on both sides of the paper to ensure a tight joint.


• Wear steel toecap footwear and overalls; and goggles when working underneath a vehicle. • Make sure the component will not move or drop off the bench. • Be careful around sharp edges. • Work in a good light. TOP TIPS

• Beware the paper wrinkling or moving as you tap, especially when doing holes. Support it firmly and check positioning frequently. • Do not use corrugated or multi-layer cardboard; it’s too soft, the adhesive tends to degrade and fluids seep between the layers, especially antifreeze. • Mind your fingers!

Thanks to: Oakes Brothers at Horsham MAY 2011

P34-35 Top tips.indd 35


16/3/11 12:33:59

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036_PT1_May 2011.indd 36



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15/03/2011 15:06



construction & maintenance Dave Rogers uncovers the mysteries of vehicle batteries


he humble lead-acid battery has remained pretty much unchanged for years. In this feature we review the basic chemistry and construction of the starter battery. Then we’ll take a look at how you

Cutaway of a lead-acid battery (source: MAY 2011

P37-41 Battery construction.indd37 37

can check and maintain your battery. So if you’re a battery amateur read on and become electrochemically enlightened


The vehicle battery is basically a chemical accumulator which stores electrical energy, (via an electro-chemical process) generated by the vehicle charging system when the engine is running. Stored energy is used to start the engine, with the battery acting as an energy buffer, to supply the vehicles electrical equipment when the engine is not running or the generator output is low. All bat teries operate via an electrochemical process; the energy delivered by an electrical current produces a chemical change in the battery materials. Current supplied to a battery is referred to as charge and the current output from the battery is known as discharge. A typical vehicle battery consists of a number of series connected cells, all housed in a robust case. Each cell comprises of a cell pack with interleaved positive and negative plates and has a nominal voltage of 2V. All the cells are connected together internally to form a single output via the battery posts mounted on the outside of the case. A typical 12V car battery consists of 6 cell elements giving a 12V nominal voltage. The cells are covered and sealed with a one piece cover which is provided with an opening for filling the cells with electrolyte and servicing. In addition a venting arrangement is provided to allow the cells to ‘breathe’. PRACTICAL TRACTOR 37

16/3/11 12:34:35

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Lead acid charge/discharge process (source: Autoelex)

The basic measure used for any battery is its amp-hour rating. This is simply the amount of current the battery can deliver over time, before reaching a given state of discharge.

Now for the chemistry – when a wet, leadacid battery is fully charged the positive plates are comprised of Lead-Peroxide (PbO2) and the negative plates are Spongy lead (Pb). As the battery discharges through an external electrical load, the acid reacts with the plates and this converts both of the plate materials to Lead-Sulphate (PbSO4). The loss of sulphate from the electrolyte to the plates during the discharge process, decreases the relative density of the electrolyte (i.e. reduces its specific gravity) and this characteristic is used to enable the state of charge to be assessed, via a hydrometer In order to charge a battery, you need direct current voltage potential, sufficient to force an adequate current through the battery in a direction opposite to the direction of the discharge current. During the charging process plate materials will return to their original forms and the electrolyte density will increase. When the process is completed, i.e. the battery is in a charged state. Note though that the continued application of the charging current, once the battery is charged, will lead to excessive gassing of the cell. This gas mixture is composed of hydrogen and oxygen and as such is highly explosive! Naked flames or electric sparks must not be produced in the vicinity of a lead–acid battery at any time. When a battery is taken off charge, the terminal voltage is about 2.4V per cell. This quickly drops to 2.1V as the concentrated acid in the pores of the plates diffuses out into the electrolyte. During discharge at low rate the cell voltage remains around 2.0V for the major part of the discharge period. Towards the end of this period the voltage falls more rapidly until approximately 1.8V is reached which is the discharged condition. This limit should not be exceeded as because excessive sulphation causes the growth of large lead sulphate crystals. Once in this condition, the battery will be difficult to reconvert when charging is carried out. There are a number of modern ‘switchmode’ intelligent battery chargers that can reverse the ‘sulphation’ of the cells if it is not too extreme.


The lead-acid battery was the stalwart for many years; however, developments in technology aimed at improving battery performance and durability have been brought about by evolution in basic design, construction and materials. The most commonly seen technologies in recent years are: 38 PRACTICAL TRACTOR

P37-41 Battery construction.indd38 38


The introduction of calcium alloys in the plates of standard, lead-acid wet batteries was a development that reduced fluid loss and self-discharge considerably. This meant the battery could be constructed with a reserve of electrolyte, such that it could be sealed for life and would never need topping up. It was still essentially a ‘wet’ battery though. The first types replaced the antimony on the negative plate with calcium alloy (often known as hybrid batteries); this was then developed further, with calcium alloy on both plates (maintenance free type).


Valve Regulated Lead-Acid batteries are a more recent innovation in maintenance free batteries. This type uses the recombination principle to reduce the formation of oxygen and hydrogen when the battery is being charged. This allows electrolytic water loss to be suppressed, and it is possible to seal the battery. Generally this battery is smaller and lighter in weight and can deliver relatively high performance.


A sealed VRLA type battery, the Absorbent Glass Mat (AGM) Battery has electrolyte which is solidified by an absorbent glass fleece material made of Boron Silicate. This acts as a separator between the electrodes and absorbs the free electrolyte (like a sponge) keeping it in a liquid rather than a gel form. In this way the acid is more readily available to the plates allowing faster reactions between the acid and the plate material allowing higher charge/ discharge rates as well as deep cycling. This construction is very robust and able to withstand severe shock and vibration and the cells will not leak even if the case is cracked.


Another sealed VRLA type battery - the gases are recombined during charging. The electrolyte is solidified to a gel mass by the addition of silicic acid to form sulphuric acid. The phosphorus acid contained in the electrolyte increases the charge/discharge cycle capacity and therefore offers favourable conditions for recharging after deep discharge. The solid electrolyte which means there is no possibility of acid spillage.


There are a number of specifications used to describe the performance rating of star ter batteries used for vehicle applications. Each one of these focuses on a slightly different aspect of the batteries MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:34:49

Advice performance, and it’s a good idea to get your head around all of these, so that you can fully understand how batteries are rated, and what the rating means. This will help you when you are looking to buy a replacement unit. Let’s take a look at the main battery specifications used:


The basic measure used for any battery is its amp-hour rating. This is simply the amount of current the battery can deliver over time, before reaching a given state of discharge. For example, a unit that can supply 20 amps for one hour would be classified as 20 Amperehour. Simplistically, we could then say that the same battery, discharging at 10 amps should then last 2 hours, in theory. In real life though this is not the case, the battery capacity depends heavily on the discharge current, as well as other things. So, as is the case with most things in life, it’s not that simple and the Amps x Hours rating is not a very accurate reflection of performance due to the way a starter battery is used. Hence, other performance specifications have been developed that allow starter batteries to be compared more realistically. Note: this specification is given in units of Ampere-hour (Ah)


This rating is specifi c to the batteries capability to supply high current under specific test conditions that replicate the

starter battery application; of particular relevance is the low temperature rating – cold cranking amps (CCA). Which is, the discharge current supplied by the fully charged battery at -18 degrees Celsius, for 30 seconds, before the individual cell voltage drops below 1.25 volts (i.e. 12 volt battery voltage not less than 7.5 volts), measured at 10 seconds after commencing the discharge. This test is very representative of what starter batteries are required to do. Note also that there is a CA rating (Cranking Amps). This is the same test carried out at 0 degrees Celsius, and hence not as severe. For this reason the CA rating gives a higher current than the CCA rating (approx 25% higher), so don’t get them mixed up or you may buy the wrong size battery! Note: this specification is given in units of Amps (A)


T his te s t re p re s e nt s t he b at ter y performance should the vehicles charging system fail. The battery is discharged at 25 amps ( a load that is chosen to represent typical vehicle running loads – ignition, fuel and lighting system) and the specification is the amount of time that a battery can supply this current, at 25 degrees Celsius, before the cell voltage drops to 1.75 volt (a battery voltage of 10.5 volts). A typical value would be approximately 45 minutes for a 40Ah (Ampere-hour) battery. Note: this specification is given in units of time (minutes)



Now the most important aspect. We have looked at how the battery works, what types are available, and how they are rated. The most important thing is – how do you look after it, and how can you tell if it is fi t for purpose. Let’s take a look at this, step-by-step:



This is the easiest check and should be carried out regularly, check the condition of the battery case (for cracks or leaks), check the security of the battery mounting to make sure the battery is secure and can’t move around. Then, check the terminals for signs of corrosion, and for the security and tightness of the battery connections.


Visual Checks MAY 2011

P37-41 Battery construction.indd39 39

Another easy one, make sure that the battery case is clean, particularly over the top and around the terminals - this will reduce self-discharge! Remove the terminal clamps and clean them, as well

Make sure the battery case is clean and dry PRACTICAL TRACTOR 39

16/3/11 12:35:06

Advice 3

as the battery terminals with a wire brush, contact faces should be clean and bright! If corrosion is excessive, remove the battery and clean the whole thing with a mixture of water and baking soda.



If the bat ter y allows access to the individual cells, as per a typical, old fashioned lead-acid battery, then you can check that the electrolyte level is correct. Do this when the battery is charged and in good, working order. The electrolyte should just cover the cells, but no more. If not, top up the cell using a hydrometer with distilled water only, no acid! Don’t use tap water as this contains impurities that will damage the battery plates.


Check electrolyte level, especially before and after charging

The most accurate and recommended way to check the charge state of a battery is using a hydrometer. This tests the density or ‘thickness’ of the electrolyte which increases with charge state (i.e. fully charged battery > electrolyte is more acidic and thicker). Draw the electrolyte into the hydrometer sufficient to allow the glass bulb to float, allow it to settle than take the reading, Anything above 1250 (i.e. 1.250) is fi ne, 1270+ is fully charged and in good condition. Note the variation between cell readings - that should not be greater than 0.050.

High rate discharge test, note: the unit shown in use is not big enough for the battery in the picture! It’s only loads at about 100 amps; this battery would need about 300 amps.




A ssuming that the bat ter y is in a reasonable state of charge (greater than 75%), then, this test can be carried out and it involves using a tester that applies a heavy load to the battery (similar to a starter motor). During the test the cells can be visually monitored (for gassing), and after the test, the recovery of the voltage level of the battery can indicate certain battery faults. Hand held equipment for this can be purchased at low cost but may not apply a sufficient load for a large battery to be tested properly (hand held units are around £25 and apply approx 100 amps load). Larger ‘carbon pile’ load units (up to 500 amps) are more suitable for a large battery. I suggest that testing a large battery may be better done by a specialist (auto-electrician or battery supplier). As a general rule, for this test, the load should be three times the Ah rating, or half of the CCA rating.

Testing for parasitic drains, meter in circuit reading current, no more than 50 milliamps

6. TESTING – CURRENT DRAINS Test charge state with a hydrometer, it’s the only way to accurately assess the charge state


P37-41 Battery construction.indd40 40

Parasitic current drains can cause fl at battery problems, particularly when a vehicle is laid up. In addition, current leakage across the surface of the battery case causes a similar effect. The former

Testing for leakage across the battery surface, meter reading in volts, no more than 0.5 volts

MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:35:33

Advice is more common on cars, but never the less its wor th checking! How? – Disconnect the battery earth an insert a digital multi meter (DMM), set to read amps, in between the battery post and the connecting terminal, make sure everything is switched off, and take a reading. Anything greater than about 50 mA (50 thousands of an amp) can cause a problem over time! To check for leakage current across the battery case, use your DMM in ‘volts’ mode. Connect between battery earth and probe the surface of the case, if the meter reads more than half a volt, remove the battery and clean it, as described above.


7. MAINTAINING – INSTALLING If you have to replace the battery, you need to be careful for 2 reasons. First, the battery is heavy; second, it’s full of acid. Don’t struggle with a large battery, get someone to help you, and dispose of the old one properly (recycle it). When installing a new battery, get help to lift it into place, make sure the clamping arrangement is secure and the battery can’t move around. Make sure the clamps are clean, and install them securely. Once fi tted, you can use your DMM in volts mode across the battery terminals to check for high resistance whilst the engine is cranked over. You should see a zero volts reading, you’ll need an assistant to help you with this.

8. MAINTAINING – CHARGING Checking for volt drop across the battery terminal whilst cranking, meter reading in volts, should be around zero.

These days there are many smar t chargers on the market that can deal with batteries in different charge states with various faults (see product test). The basic procedure though is that the charger delivers current into the battery over time. The important thing is not to overcharge the battery, a longer, slower charge is generally better. Some general rules are: 1. Keep an eye on the battery whilst it’s charging; make sure it doesn’t get too hot! 2. Monitor the regularly acid levels during charging, check charge state with a hydrometer 3. Always charge the battery in a wellventilated area, no naked flames or ignition sources anywhere near the battery 4. In general, use a slow charge rate - a rule of thumb is 0.1 (one tenth) of the Ah rating 5. Always disconnect the battery from the vehicle whilst on charge, this is not always necessary with the latest smart chargers but if you are not sure – check!

MAY 2011

P37-41 Battery construction.indd41 41

9. IN USE – JUMP STARTS If you need to jump start a vehicle, there are a few basics to follow: 1. Check your leads – are they fit for purpose? Are they thick enough? Are the clamps secure? Any doubt? Forget it! 2. If possible or available, use a jumpstart pack – much safer, less likely to damage anything 3. Connect jump leads in this order – positive clamp to charged battery, then other positive clamp to dead battery, then negative clamp to dead battery, finally other negative clamp to frame of the vehicle with the charged battery, away from the battery itself. This keeps any sparking on connection away from the batteries. 4. Be very careful connecting the leads correctly – if you get this wrong, best case is that you’ll blow the alternator diodes (if fitted), worst case – the battery will explode! 5. Once connected, run the engine of the ‘good’ battery vehicle at fast idle to initiate some charge into the dead battery – allow a couple of minutes before trying to start the dead vehicle 6. Once you have finished – disconnect the leads carefully in the reverse order to above


Jump starting – get the connections right!


16/3/11 12:35:56

Advice All queries to: The Editor, Practical Tractor Cudham Tithe Barn, Berrys Hill, Cudham, Kent. TN16 3AG or alternatively email

Questions & Answers

Practical Tractor welcomes reader’s technical queries.

What Equipment do I need? Dear PT, I have recently taken retirement from my regular work, sold up and invested in a smallholding of about 50 acres. Most of the land is grassland with a small area of woodland amounting to three acres. My problem is that I need to equip the farm with suitable equipment and my knowledge of farm machinery is limited. I know I am going to need a tractor and would like some advice on what would be the best type to purchase. If you can help with this matter I would be most grateful. Edwin Smith, Leicester.



P42-43 Q&A.indd 42

Dear Edwin, With acreage of around 50 you are not likely to require a large tractor to undertake the tasks. You don’t say what you are doing with the land but I presume you are keeping livestock and preserving the grassland. A tractor of between 35 and 50 horsepower would fit the bill, such as a Massey Ferguson 35, 135, or a Fordson Dexta or Ford 3000. The best line of action is to follow the market for any of the above mentioned models, such as classified adverts, collective sales etc. Choose a model and follow prices before committing yourself! Regarding equipment to use with the tractor you need to ensure it is compatible


with the vehicle. I would recommend a three-ton tipping trailer, a 1.5 metre disc mower for hay, a suitable hay turner and a baler. For grassland maintenance a chain harrow and flat roller are essential too. A fertiliser spreader will be needed to top dress your pastures and hay fields. A Vicon vari-spreader would be a good choice for you and I would suggest a 300 model, as it is compatible with the tractor sizes advised. A front loader would be desirable for loading of manure and general lifting of heavy items. This is quite a comprehensive list but you don’t need to buy everything at once, just concentrate on the tractor and what will be most useful to you first.

MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:37:46

Advice Clutch and Hydraulic Bother Dear PT I recently bought a Leyland 344 tractor to use on my father’s farm and hope to use it this summer for the hay making. Overall I am happy with the tractor but when I used it with a low loader trailer to transport a friend’s Nuffield 3/42 I experienced a badly slipping clutch when attempting to pull away on a steep slope. I know I will have to renew the clutch very soon but I have never attempted a job such as this on a tractor before. A friend says the tractor will have to be split to gain access to the clutch. Is this so and are there any special tools required to do the job? Kevin Baxter, Colchester, Essex.


Dear Kevin, Many tractors are constructed using the unit principle whereby one has to split the tractor at the clutch housing to access the clutch. Tractors such as Nuffield and Leyland are constructed in a different manner and do not need to be split. If your tractor doesn’t have a cab you are at an advantage because you need to disconnect the wiring and control linkages and remove the steering box and bulkhead assembly by unbolting around it and lifting with an engine crane or similar. The clutch sits inside


Hydraulic Upgrade Dear PT I regularly make hay using my MF 550 and until last season I drew a basic bale sledge behind the baler and employed family members to manually handle the bales. At a farm sale I recently bought a flat-eight sledge and a loadermounted grab. My question relates to the fitment of the grab to my loader. My 550 has a basic drive-in MF 80 loader which connects to a hydraulic coupling in front of the cab. I use the draft lever to raise and lower the loader beams but, having fitted the grab to the loader, I now realise that I cannot operate the grab with the hydraulic set-up I have. Can you please advise me how to do this? D. Wheeler. Hertfordshire.


Dear Mr. Wheeler. Your MF 550 sounds like a basic model using the main hydraulic control levers to operate the external hydraulic services.


MAY 2011

P42-43 Q&A.indd 43

the ‘hull’ of the tractor and access is easy with the steering box out of the way. The t wo - stag e clutch a p pea rs complicated at first sight and has a special coupling that needs to be dismantled before the clutch can be unbolted from the flywheel. Although a bit fiddly to do, this coupling can be dismantled without any special tools. The whole clutch assembly can then be lifted clear of the tractor for servicing. Be careful as the units are extremely heavy to handle. Dear PT I have a Leyland 270 tractor that I use for ploughing matches. Until recently I have used a Ransomes TS90 three-furrow plough with quite good results. I have now bought a four-furrow Kvernland plough to use with it and whilst practising I have experienced a disaster with the back end of the tractor. The Kvernland plough is a lot heavier than the Ransomes and when I lifted it at the headland the rear casting fractured around the top-link bracket allowing the plough to drop to the ground. Fortunately it wasn’t damaged itself as the ground was soft. Is the casting able to be repaired by welding up the fracture? Colin Newble, Stoneleigh, Warwick.


Dear Colin, This wasn’t an uncommon problem on Leyland tractors when heavier box-beam type ploughs became available and put


What you need to do is find a pair of spool valves to operate your loader and provide hydraulic services to operate the grab. On the 550 these are located under the cab floor on the right-hand side with the levers projecting into the cab. A supply is taken from the existing external services selector and a return flow pipe is plumbed back into the transmission housing to provide an ‘open centre’ system. One spool valve will provide hydraulic pressure to the loader and the other will be double acting and provide pressure to the grab. This will ease the operation of the loader but when the spools are selected the rear linkage will not function unless the spool valves are plumbed independently of the existing selector.

the hydraulic system under extra strain, resulting in broken castings. Personally I wouldn’t recommend welding the casting where it has fractured, as it would probably break again in a short time. The best action would be to find a tractor breaker and purchase a good second-hand casting to fit to your tractor. I don’t know the model of plough you have but I would certainly reconsider using it on your tractor.

service the tractor so I am not sure what the cause of this problem is. Please can you help me with this? Da r r e n H a r d y, R i c k m a n s wo r t h , Middlesex. Dear Darren, If you hadn’t mentioned your regular servicing I would have suggested a blocked air filter. This usually gives these symptoms. However, the cause could be a collapsed air filter pipe between the air filter and the engine. This would effectively block the air flow and give the same symptoms.


Lack of Power Dear PT, My 1963 Massey Ferguson 35X has always been a good performer until recently. It starts reasonably well but when under load it lacks power and puts out a lot of black smoke from the exhaust. I regularly



16/3/11 12:38:06

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13.Sealey WP.indd 2

08/03/2011 14:36

Mechanics Part 1 In the first of two parts, Andrew Hall follows the stages of a Massey Ferg u son T EF-20 engine rebuild


engine rebuild


• Steam cleaner for general cleaning of tractor • Open-ended and Ring Spanners ³⁄8”AF to ¹¹⁄¹6”AF • AF Socket Set • Flat- bladed Screwdrivers for hose clips etc • Axle Stands- four appropriately sized • Ball joint splitter • Drain pans for coolant and engine oil • Engine Crane for lifting of engine block • Trolley Jack


The team in readiness for the engine rebuild. The tractor will be re-sprayed after the rebuild is complete.


In the workshop after the fuel tank, radiator, water pump and manifolds were removed.


P46-47 TE-F20 rebuild.indd 46

recent project undertaken by students of Hadlow College in Kent has been the rebuild and tidying of a Ferguson TEF20 Diesel tractor. The project came about as a result of a request by The Museum of Kent Life based near Maidstone. The trac tor in question has been owned by the museum for some years and used around the grounds for occasional ploughing and the pulling of passenger trailers.

As with many TEF20 models time had caught up with the engine and low compression had resulted in poor starting and the use of the dreaded engine starting fluid! Despite poor compression and much fuming from the breather the engine still ran quite well, with good oil pressure. At the start of the project we had agreed to The Museum’s request to respray and generally tidy up the tractor. With the tractor back at Hadlow the first task was to give the entire tractor a MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:41:31

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Mechanics 2

The tractor is supported on axle stands after the front axle has been removed in readiness for the engine to be separated from the transmission housing.

thorough steam clean to remove general grime and oil from the engine block. The cleaned tractor was then moved into the workshop so that the first stages of dismantling could be undertaken. For safety the battery was the first component to be disconnected and removed. This was stored on a suitable bench and treated to a regular trickle charge, as we knew it would be some time before it was required again. Ideally when a battery is not required on one machine it is good practice to put it to use on another to keep it in top condition. Originally the TEF-20 had two 6-volt heavy duty batteries and if you encounter one still with these, they can be removed together and charged in series with a heavy duty charger. The next job was to remove the bonnet assembly to gain access to the fuel tank and other associated components. As with all Fergusonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s the main fuel tank is situated above the engine. In the case of the TEF-20 there is a smaller tank attached to the bulkhead of the tractor and fed from the main tank. Its purpose is to allow the engine to be run to affect adjustments without the main tank in situ.


The engine is now on the bench and supported with wedges to prevent it from toppling over. The strip can now commence!




1. Always wear appropriate protective clothing 2. Minimise skin contact with oils greases and solvents- use of gloves and/or barrier cream 3. Assess weight of components before committing to lift 4. If too heavy to lift manually ensure the use of adequate lifting equipment 5. Do not leave unattended components suspended on lifting equipment 6. Ensure components are adequately supported and unlikely to fall whist in storage or being worked upon

The tanks were removed and revealed more accumulated grime which was cleaned off before we started to dismantle the engine. The most logical way to proceed was to remove the entire engine from the tractor and work on it on the bench, so we removed the radiator, water pump, inlet and exhaust manifolds, electrical wiring loom and fuel pipes. The tractor was supported underneath the engine sump and the front axle support removed together with the steering drag links. The links required the use of a ball joint splitter and were separated at the front end and swung back over the wings out of the way! Further support was provided under the clutch housing and with the use of an engine crane the engine was separated from the rear of the tractor. The engine block is very tall and care was needed in supporting it on the bench; so we used some stout wooden wedges. The first stage in the engine strip was to remove the valve rocker cover and this revealed a typically sludgy mess adhering to the inside face of the cover and the valve gear. In conjunction with this, the clutch was removed from the flywheel and assessed for wear and tear. Although the clutch was dirty it was otherwise serviceable and after a clean in the degreaser tank it was put aside for reuse at a later date.

Thanks to: Agriline (Tel No: 01527 579111)

MAY 2011

P46-47 TE-F20 rebuild.indd 47


The clutch will be degreased in the parts tank and is good enough to re-use. This will be stored until required.


The clutch housing will be cleaned of grease and the clutch thrust bearing checked and replaced if necessary!

Next Month... In the next part we cover further s t rippi ng of t he e ngi ne a nd assess what replacement parts we will need. PRACTICAL TRACTOR 47

16/3/11 12:41:49

21.Hallmark Power WP.indd 2

08/03/2011 16:48

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049_PT1_May 2011.indd 49


15/03/2011 15:10


784 Tractor Data file The International 784 was a comprehensively equipped offering from International harvester


ntroduced in late 1977 the International 784 Hi-Performer tractor replaced the popular 674 model. Mechanically similar to the previous range the 84 range offered new styling and levels of performance for the farmer. A choice of two safety cabs was available. The ‘Luxury safety cab’ which was standard equipment featured tinted safety glass and air cylinders to hold the doors open and the higher spec Sekura cab with a virtually fl at uncluttered fl oor and a higher driving position with good heating and cab ventilation! Built in the International Harvester Doncaster Factory the 784 has a German built 4-litre engine mated to an eight forward and four reverse gear synchromesh gearbox. The optional ‘Torque Amplifier’ doubled the ratios available and allowed clutch-less changes between high and low settings! Another plus feature was the provision of two independent Power Take Off shafts, one 6-spline 540 RPM and one 21-spline 1000 RPM. High capacity hydraulics delivered 49 litres/minute (11 gallons) with a maximum lift capacity of 2000kg (4400lb). Twin spool valves were a standard feature. Hydrostatic steering was finger light and braking system positive with hydraulic operated enclosed disc brakes. 50 PRACTICAL TRACTOR

P50-51 Centre Spread.indd 50

MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:42:29

Centre Spread

INTERNATIONAL 784 SPECIFICATIONS Engine Capacity Horsepower Fuel tank Capacity Engine Oil Capacity Coolant Capacity Clutch Transmission

Four cylinder in-line 4 litres 80, (59.8kW) 17 gallons (77 litres) 15 Pints (8.5 litres) With heater 24.5 Pints (14 litres) 11 inch (280mm) single plate â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Dyna-lifeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Eight forward/four reverse synchromesh or 16 forward/ eight reverse with torque amplifier

Transmission oil capacity Brakes

7.5 Gallons (34 litres) Hydraulic self adjusting oil-cooled disc 10 inch ( 254mm) diameter Hydraulic system Category one/two three-point linkage Hydraulic Pressure 2,500 lb/ (175kg/ Lift Capacity 4,400 lb (2,000kg), 5,250 lb (2,380kg) with assistor ram Hydraulic Flow Rate 11 gallons/minute (49 litres/minute) Front Tyre Sizes 7.50-16 (2wd) Rear Tyre Sizes 13.6/12-38 (16.934 optional) Weight 5,920 lb (2,688kg)

MAY 2011

P50-51 Centre Spread.indd 51


16/3/11 12:42:50

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Logan McMaster, N. Ireland Mobile: 0788 5077168 International: +44 788 5077168 52 PRACTICAL TRACTOR

052_PT1_May 2011.indd 52

MAY 2011

15/03/2011 10:01

FORD 7810

Buyers Guide The Ford 7810 Tractor became a top selling model for The Ford Motor Company. Andrew Hall profiles the model for potential buyers. FORD 7810 DATAFILE Model:


Price Range:

£8,000 to £11,000

PT Star Rating:


The Ford 7810 tractor is a nice looking well balanced machine and is capable of holding its own alongside today’s tractors of similar capacity! MAY 2011

P53-58 Ford 7810BG.indd 53


16/3/11 12:47:02

Buyers Guide

Access for engine servicing and daily checks is easy due to the hinged bonnet and closely grouped components.


The business like straight-six ford engine is fuelled by an in-line injection pump, with lift pump attached to the injection pump and filter located close by. 54 PRACTICAL TRACTOR

P53-58 Ford 7810BG.indd 54

ord was once one of the biggest selling ranges of tractors sold in the UK, along with other manufacturers such as Massey Ferguson. Sadly though, the name has gone from frontline agriculture having been replaced by the popular New Holland brand. Despite this Ford tractors are still as popular as ever with many at work on UK farms in supporting roles alongside their modern counterparts. There is also a following amongst enthusiasts who either work the tractors or preserve them, so this demand has ensured values have remained very buoyant in recent times. The development of Ford tractors took a drastic change in direction in the early nineteen sixties when the 1000 series made its debut in late 1964. These tractors were a shift away from the previous range of Majors and Dexta models and paved the way for a new generation of models eventually leading to the current New Holland range. Moving forward to the 1980’s the Ford Motor Company introduced the ’10 series’ range that replaced the 2600, 3600, 4100, 4600, 5600 and 7600 tractors. The model focused on in this article is the popular 7810 trac tor, which effectively replaced two previous models in the ’10 series’, the 7710 and 7910 on the UK market. Every major tractor manufacturer has a model that sells very well and the 7810’s were destined to be a success story. The tractor was based upon the earlier 7610 the rear end of which was mated to a Ford 6-cylinder engine. Four-wheel drive was becoming the norm at this time and the 7810’s were equipped with a Carraro front axle. The cab was the familiar GKN with the curved windscreen and the roof canopy

was fitted with extra lighting. The styling remained similar to the other tractor in the range making it very attractive indeed! Bearing in mind the youngest of these tractors is getting on for twenty years old it is very important to ensure that you buy the right tractor. The Ford tractor ranges evolved from one era to the next and many components were carried over from previous models and the 7810’s are no exception to this. I will work through the various areas of the tractor advising on the specification and what to look for.

ENGINES The engine chosen for the 7810 was Fords straight six-cylinder direct injection power unit suitably modified for use in a tractor. Attention was paid to the lubrication system of the engine by relocating the oil pump, which was now driven by the camshaft in a similar fashion to the four-cylinder engines. Modifications were made to the gas-flow of the engine by redesigning the manifolds. Further revisions were applied to the cooling system, which improved the cooling over previous engines. When viewing a tractor, as with all diesel engines it is best to approach a cold engine to get a good idea of its cold starting characteristics. Most engines benefit from working them fairly hard as long as regular servicing is carried out! Tractors that have not worked hard enough often suffer from cylinder bore glazing and this can affect the starting performance together with high oil consumption. Heavy breathing through the engine breather can be evidence of this. Mechanically the Ford engine is fairly robust and properly serviced does not give much trouble. One aspect to pay particular attention to is the condition of the engine oil. It should normally be black in colour, MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:47:35

The front axle is a neat design on the four-wheel drive models but needs close inspection on high hour tractors.

The levelling control for the three-point linkage is extended up into the cab offering easy adjustment when ploughing.

The gear levers and hydraulic control console is to the right of the operator with all hydraulic levers grouped closely together. The hydraulic system offers top-link sensing for draft control with two spool valves for external hydraulic services.

typical of all diesel engines but if it looks grey or sludgy it could indicate something more sinister. Ford engines of this era are noted for porosity of the cylinder block leading to water in the oil. This problem is more common with the four-cylinder engines but the six-cylinder engines can suffer too. Ford agents offered a separate corrosion inhibitor to add to the coolant and this was sometimes overlooked and combined with weak anti-freeze solution often promoted trouble. Engines with porous blocks can be re-engineered to accept cylinder liners and there are specialists around to undertake this work, but it can be expensive. Ford supplied service cylinder blocks to replace faulty ones and these have crosshatch ribs on the crankcase to identify them. Don’t be put off by the potential problems because if you can obtain a well-serviced example it will give you good service for many hours! Servicing of the 7810 engine is simple and straightforward as with most Ford tractors. The main items requiring attention are reached by lifting the right hand side of the bonnet. The battery is located on a hinged support that swings out to facilitate battery changing and also for access to the fuel injectors. The oil filter element is situated on the left hand side and has easy all round access.


engine braking in both high and low unlike some machines. Overall the transmissions are reliable and give no par ticular problems in service, although the dual power shifts can be a bit on the abrupt side when operated!

FRONT AXLE When manufacturing it is sometimes more economical to buy in components rather than invest heavily in developing ones own product and Ford were no exception to this and bought in front axles from companies such as ZF and Carraro and the 4-WD Ford 7810 is equipped with an Italian Carraro axle. The Carraro axle is a reliable unit and provided the lubrication is maintained correctly will give many hours of service. However on high hour tractors there may be wear present in the swivel bearings and front hubs. When inspecting a tractor it is a good idea to jack the front axle clear of the ground and check the front wheels for excessive movement by holding the wheels at the top and bottom. Do not mistake hub bearing play for swivel bearing play though and if in doubt employ an assistant to do the wheel movement whilst observing for wear yourself. Check also the pivot bearings where the axle attaches to the front centre casting. If an axle is badly worn the parts to

A single plate split torque clutch is standard on the 7810 and provided it is correctly adjusted and not abused by poor driving techniques gives many hours of service.


This tractor has a continental style fixed hitch. Pickup hitches are not a common feature in France or Germany and tractors such as this re-import have to be thus equipped! MAY 2011

P53-58 Ford 7810BG.indd 55

The standard transmission on the 7810 provides eight forward and four reverse speeds selected by a main lever and range lever located to the right of the driver; giving a clear floor. The gearbox offered synchromesh allowing ‘on the move’ gear changes but range changes need to be performed stationary. A foot-operated pedal doubled the eight-forward/four reverse to 16-for ward/eight reverse and provided clutch-less changes to be made between high and low ranges with

Category Two three-point linkage is standard with two-piece lower links to facilitate fitting of implements. This tractor is equipped with one assister ram whilst some tractors have two! PRACTICAL TRACTOR 55

16/3/11 12:48:23

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03/06/2011 15:50

Buyers Guide

Two-speed PTO is selected by changing the output shaft from 21 splines (1000 RPM) as shown here to a six-spline shaft (540 RPM). A Circlip secures the shaft in place and it needs to be clean before fitting!

Information on forward speeds in each gear and for PTO operation is on an easily read decal on the right hand cab window. repair are available but collectively can be quite expensive, so this should be reflected in the purchase price!

POWER TAKE OFF A two-speed independent power take off is employed on the 7810 and is operated by a hydraulic clutch pack within the rear transmission housing, and uses interchangeable PTO shafts when changing from 540 rpm to 1,000 rpm. Be prepared for a small amount of oil loss from the transmission when undertaking the change. The shafts are secured in place by a large circlip and should be cleaned up before attempting to insert them to prevent ingress of dirt!


acting spool valves, each with their own flow control. A return for oil from external equipment is by means of a port in the oil filler neck below the cap. If the oil is maintained in a clean state and the filters changed at the correct intervals the hydraulic system should be reliable and ought not to have any specific problems. When inspecting look for wear in the lift linkage as this may be a give-away to the true amount of work a tractor has done, particularly if the hour clock has been changed!

BRAKES The braking system of the 7810 is wetdisc type with the brakes situated inboard within the axle housings. The brakes are operated by independent brake pedals and the parking brake lever is situated on the left side of the operator and is of the automotive type operating on the same disc brakes. The brakes are long lived and give little trouble. However they do require the removal of the rear axle housings to access them, which requires suitable lifting equipment but once accessed the discs are easy to replace.

The distinctive styling of the 7810 includes a fibreglass nose cone that lifts to access the air filter element and a removable grille beneath.

Category Two three-point linkage was standard fitment on the 7810 and followed the same pattern as the smaller 7610 models, providing both top-link sensed draft control for soil engaging implements and position control for non-soil engaging equipment. The lower link arms are of twopiece construction which facilitates the attachment of heavy implements, as do the twin assister rams. Conversion bushes are used to change to category one linkage. Two hydraulic pumps provide the pressure for the system, one located in the rear axle housing and the other on the left hand side of the engine near to the flywheel. External services are catered for by two double

This tractor has had a slightly harder life than the main tractor featured and shows clearly the areas to watch when purchasing.

The plastic fuel tank is situated beneath the cab and is easy to fill. Signs of extensive corrosion are evident around the doorframes.


P53-58 Ford 7810BG.indd 56

WHEELS AND TYRES The standard wheel equipment are pressed steel well based rims with adjustment for row-crop work. The wheels are of robust design and last well unless tractors are used

MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:49:11

in acidic conditions such as dairy parlours. The normal tyre sizes are 7.50-16 fronts (2wheel drive), 14.9 R 28 fronts (four-wheel drive) and 18.4 R 38 rear.


Twin spool valves were standard equipment on the 7810, each one having its own flow rate adjuster. The pipe in the picture supplies the front mounted link arms, fitted as extra equipment on this tractor.

Not a welcome sight here with corrosion extending to the lower cab frame, which will compromise the integrity of the structure.

The styling of the 10 series changed slightly from that of the previous range and reverted to a wrap around removable grille and features a fibre glass nose cone which hinges up to access the air filter element. The grille was painted Ford tractor grey and the bonnet side decals have a black background with white writing. The bonnet hinges centrally and the right hand side opens to access the battery and radiator for filling purposes. When viewing a tractor for purchase inspect the nose cone for any impact damage, as they are easily cracked and quite expensive to replace, requiring new decals to be applied to suit the tractor! Generally the blue paintwork of Ford tractors lasts well and tends not to fade as much as some tractor makes where red paint with a weaker pigment is employed. As with all tractors and machinery the paintwork benefits from regular cleaning. Rear wings are part of the cab structure and are grey in colour. Look out for corrosion around the edges of the wings due to acid attack from dung or exposure to granular fertiliser.

speed, service hours, fuel and temperature together with engine oil pressure and charge warning lights. Starter switch and engine stop control are separate on this model and placed prominently, the combined starter/stop on the key was still a little way off when the 7810 debuted! Other control switches are of the rocker type and are situated across the base of the dashboard. The floor is clear of most obstructions as the clutch, brake and foot throttle pedals are of the pendulum type and not through the floor panel. Main and high-low range gear levers are both located on the right hand side of the driver and are well out of the way, but easily accessed for use. The diff-lock pedal is in the time honoured position behind the driverâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s right heal and the dual-power pedal sits centrally beneath the main pedals. The hand brake sits to the left of the driver in a similar position to that of a car.

CAB The 7810 inherited the GKN super Q cab from the previous models and provides a pleasant working environment for the driver. There is plenty of room for tall operators and ample clearance around the flat floor area. The controls are well placed with an easily read analogue style dashboard giving information on engine

The dashboard is simple and easily read, not having any electronic displays, which must be a good point regarding reliability of instruments. The usual information is available from the tractor meter plus fuel and temperature gauges.

Further corrosion here has allowed the lamp assembly to come adrift, a sure sign that this machine has been on a livestock farm!

Even the lower frame section below the window hasnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t escaped. The problem here is that one isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t allowed to weld the cab frame to affect a repair due to the frame being a roll over protection structure. MAY 2011

P53-58 Ford 7810BG.indd 57

A view through the cab door shows an un-cluttered working environment with well placed controls and good access. PRACTICAL TRACTOR 57

16/3/11 12:50:00

Buyers Guide SPECIFICATIONS: Fuel Number of cylinders Cubic capacity Horsepower PTO Horsepower Bore/Stroke Clutch Transmission

Hydraulic Lift Capacity Turning Circle (4 Wheel drive) Length Width Weight (with Super Q cab) Front tyre size Rear tyre size Fuel tank capacity

Diesel Six 6,572 litres 100 @ 2070 RPM 90 112/112 (Square) Single Plate Dry (Split torque) 16 forward/ eight reverse (Dual Power) 4,255 Kg

4.3 tonnes 14.9-R-24 (4WD) or 7.50-16 (2WD) 16.9-R-38 148 Litres

Robert Wraight Ltd Ashford, Kent 01233 622985 Ernest Doe and Sons Ulting, Essex 01245 380311 Logan McMaster, Northern Ireland (Panels and cab trim for Ford tractors) International; +44 788 5077168 Mobile; 07885 077168

Thanks to: Robert Wraight Ltd

P53-58 Ford 7810BG.indd 58

A small passenger seat is located on the left hand side of the cab. They were becoming popular at the time the 7810 was introduced but offered little comfort!

4.7 metres 4.204 metres 1.955 metres



The pedals are hinged from above giving a relatively clear floor area. The flat floor and rubber matting allowed the cab to be cleaned out very easily!

A birds-eye view from behind the driver’s seat shows good visibility through the large windows. The rear hinged doors make access easy. To the right of the driver’s seat is the hydraulic control console and this contains the main lift-lower lever, together with the spool valve levers for external services, draft lever, load monitor knob and the independent power take off control. The cab design goes back to the Ford 3600, 4600, 5600 and 6600 tractors of the mid nineteen seventies and was built by GKN (Guest Keen and Nettlefold). The ’10 series’ tractors have a larger roof section than the earlier tractors and carry a full set of working lights. Overall the cabs are durable and long lasting unless of course they have prolonged contact with corrosive materials such as manure or fertiliser. This leads to perforation of the main frame in extreme cases along with rotten door frames and wings. Carefully inspect the cab when viewing a tractor, particularly the main frame, as this cannot be legally welded if repairs are required as the cab has been approved for use as a roll-over protection structure. Doors and wings can be replaced of course at some expense. The interior trim is fairly robust and hard wearing, but can suffer if abused. There are various aftermarket suppliers of trim for these cabs, so obtaining it shouldn’t be a problem! The rear opening window hinges into two pieces and if not careful is prone to breakage if not secured properly.

SPARES AVAILABILITY Fortunately due to the popularity of Ford tractors the spares situation is extremely healthy. Not only are many spares available through the ‘Gold Value’ scheme operated by CNH dealerships throughout the country but various other specialists, some of whom deal in complete tractors for sale or export;

CONCLUSION AND PRICES In its heyday the 7810 was a very popular tractor with the faithful Ford owner, as it combined good power output with a relatively light footprint in comparison with some other tractors of the period. A good support network spares wise makes the tractor a good choice for anyone aiming to put the tractor to work. Prices are currently quite buoyant due to high demand for second-hand tractors capable of doing a good days work. A Ford 7810 with average hours may be obtained from £8,000-£ 10,000. Be careful when considering cheaper tractors, as work to bring a tractor up to scratch can cost a lot of money, so try and obtain a tractor requiring the least work for your money! The main tractor featured in this article was recently sold for £10,750 by Robert Wraight and is a very clean example with front linkage to add to the specification.

MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:50:35

Bayley Wood, Old Surrenden Manor Road, Great Chart, Ashford, Kent, TN26 1JJ.


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059_PT1_May 2011.indd 59

OFFICE: 01789 450 201 MOBILE: 07909 510 151 FAX: 01789 450 394 PRACTICAL TRACTOR 59

14/03/2011 17:20

Implements & Accessories Part 1 In its day the Trailed 6-Foot Hayter Topping Mower was ver y popular. Andrew Hall carries out some repairs to his machine.


mower repair O


The Hayter 6 foot trailed mowing machine. These were popular in orchards and the topping of pastures. An additional attachment could be fitted to bring the cutting width to 14 feet with a spring loaded cutting unit on one side to clear trees and other obstructions. This mower will need to be guarded over the belts and around the blades before it is used.


The broken blade has been ripped from the centre hub. These aluminium supported blades make a nice job of cutting but do need care in operation. If the mower is set too low they will certainly dig into the ground! The cutting tips are standard knife sections as fitted to common reciprocating knife mowers.


P60-61 Hayter mower.indd 60

nce a very popular mowing machine for the topping of fields, paddocks and orchards with many machines still around in regular use, the Hayter trailed rotary mower is a good match for any tractor in the 25 to 40 horsepower class. The simplicity and robustness of the design has ensured its longevity, however, as with all machines they do require a bit of TLC to keep them in good running order. The mower in this two-part series is a project machine specifically obtained for improvement and regular use once it is in working order. The blades used on the tractor drawn mower are similar in construction to those fitted to the pedestrian machines and consist of aluminium plates of ¹⁄8” thickness measuring 18” square with triangular knife sections similar to reciprocating knife mowers riveted to each corner. When in good condition these blades do a good job but need a bit of care, as they are a little vulnerable to damage if allowed to dig into the ground. In the case of this mower that is exactly what had happened and the left hand blade assembly had been completely ripped off the machine. When the mower was originally acquired I had a similar machine which was badly corroded but yielded some useful spares. The machine itself was cut up and the spares stored until required. Many of these mowers have had the original blades changed to straight solid types which are more durable than the aluminium type on the project mower but, as I wish to keep the mower in its original condition I will retain them. A spare blade was selected from storage and some preparation to fit. Originally the knife sections were riveted to the plates but I elected to use ¼” UNC setscrews to MAY 2011

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Implements & Accessories allow for an easier change with the blade assemblies in situ. The selected blade was riveted to its shaft so the first operation was to grind off the rivet heads with a mini-grinder, followed by punching out the old rivets. Due to the dissimilarity of metal between the aluminium and steel hub this was to prove more difficult than I first thought, so I resorted to drilling as well as grinding! With the blade now off


The blades are attached to the centre hub by eight rivets originally but these have been converted to ¼” UNC setscrews for ease of changing! The blades and spindles are the common Hayter pattern used also in their pedestrian machines.


A light touch was all that was needed to grind off the heads. Too much pressure will remove the aluminium, which would weaken the plate!


With the rivet heads off the rivets required drilling out, as they were tight due to electrolytic reaction.

MAY 2011

P60-61 Hayter mower.indd 61

the old shaft, attention was then paid to the plate itself. Each plate carries steel reinforcing plates to support the knife sections and the blades had been partially ripped off and bent up at the corners due to impact damage with an immovable object. This damage was duly dressed flat with a hammer. The broken blade had reinforcing strips under each knife section so these were ground off to re-use on the


The broken blade and replacement side by side. The replacement will be ground off its shaft, as it is still riveted in place. The bent up edges of the reinforcement plates can be seen in this shot. They will be dressed out flat with a hammer before the fitting of the new knife sections.


A rotary wire brush was applied to the centre of the plate to remove previous corrosion caused by electrolytic reaction between the aluminium and steel hub.


Fresh knife sections laid out together with the retrieved reinforcement strips. Strangely the hole centres didn’t match those of the new knife sections so I decided to make some new ones from some steel I had in the workshop!

new blade. Unfortunately the hole pitches didn’t match the Hayter knife sections for some reason, so although I removed these they were discarded and I decided to make fresh strips. Part two will discuss the making of the reinforcement plates and the rebuild and re-fitting of the blade assembly together with a replacement part on the power take off shaft.


A mini-grinder was used to remove the rivet heads. Eye protection is mandatory with this equipment.


The reinforcing strips needed to be ground off and retrieved to use with the new blades.


To retard any further electrolytic reaction I coated the contact points with grease before refitting the blade.


16/3/11 12:54:46

Mechanics Part 1 Front Axle Seal Replacement


In the fi rst of two parts, Andrew Hall follows the stages of a front axle oil seal change on a Massey Ferguson 6180



Prior to the job being done the left hand mudguard and wheel were removed with the tractor supported on jacks with an axle stand for extra safety.

n a recent visit to agricultural engineer Tony Davies of Chiddingstone, Kent, I observed him replace the oil seal on the front axle of a Massey Ferguson 6180. The tractor is used by its owner for the handling of hay bales and carries a Mc Connell loader and had developed a leak from the rear seal on the left hand reduction housing of the front axle. The cost of the replacement seal is negligible but the amount of work required to access it is considerable, as the reduction housing has to be removed from the centre section of the axle. In the first of two parts I follow Tony as he sets about the repair. The first task was to remove the mudguard from the top swivel cover plate and to remove the left hand wheel. This required the tractor to be jacked and supported securely and an axle stand was positioned for extra support and safety. With the wheel removed the tractor was jacked on the opposite side to allow the wheels to turn freely. Massey Fergusonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s of this type default to four-wheel drive when



Having a loader meant this needed to be supported as well using angle iron strapped to each ram to prevent it lowering!


P62-65 MF6180 Oil Seal .indd 62


Both sides were raised to allow the hub to turn to access the drain plug, which was removed and the hub turned to drain the oil.

Evidence of the leak can be seen in this picture where the dirt has stuck to the oil. The reduction housing has 85/90 gear oil which takes a little time to drain!

MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:55:51

Mechanics 5


The split pin was removed from the steering ball joint, followed by slackening of the nut with an air powered wrench.



To split the ball joint the jack was placed beneath the ball joint stub taking care not to damage the thread. The tractor was then raised slightly clear of the main jack with weight on the stub. not in use which would prevent the hub from turning and subsequent draining of the oil. Whilst the oil was draining the split pin was removed from the steering ball joint and the joint then split from the swivel housing. This was achieved by inserting a jack under the threaded part of the ball joint; lifting the tractor slightly clear of the main jack. A suitable dolly was then placed on the joint and hit with a sharp blow from a sledge hammer. This immediately separated the joint without any breakage or bruising to the components and left the tractor firmly on the main jack! Next the hub cover plate, which carries the planetary gears was removed and placed in a clean tray so that any surplus oil could drain. The drive gear was then removed from the axle shaft and stored ready for reassembly. To access the defective seal the whole of the swivel housing requires removal so the upper and lower swivel bearing cover plates were removed revealing the tapered roller bearings inside. The bearings are a press fit on heavy pins which in turn are a press fit into the centre axle casing. Adjustment for pre-load of the swivel bearings is effected by insertion or removal of shims in the upper cover plate, so the existing shims were saved for reuse. The removal of the bearings and pins was undertaken using a home built MAY 2011

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The Yellow jack was removed from its location ready for the next stage.

Using a dolly and one sharp blow from a sledge hammer the joint separated without any damage caused to anything. The tractor was well supported throughout this operation!


The ball joint now successfully separated and the oil is still draining from the hub!


A pry bar inserted facilitates the removal of the cover. There is no paper gasket, a sealing compound was used in manufacture and this will be replaced on assembly!


With the ball joint temporarily back in place to prevent rotation the cover bolts were removed with the air wrench.


The planetary gears come away with the cover and will be stored until reassembly.


16/3/11 12:56:37

Mechanics 13

The gear teeth are in good order and won’t require any attention.


The drive pinion is held on with a circlip, which needs to be removed prior to sliding the pinion off the axle shaft.


Attention is now paid to removal of the lower swivel bearing cap. This will be cleaned up prior to re-fitting.


Shims for pre-load adjustment are under the top cap and need to be preserved for reassembly.


P62-65 MF6180 Oil Seal .indd 64


The cover is stored in a clean tray and the oil allowed to drain from the gear assembly so not to contaminate the gasket surface when re-fitted.


A bit of gentle persuasion with a pry bar and the pinion is soon off the shaft. Sometimes a slight burr on the splines prevents a pinion sliding off!


The same treatment is applied to the top bearing cap. These have not been off before, as the paint is still in place. Early tractors have no grease point in the cap unlike this tractor. However they can be drilled to take a grease nipple, but the ‘O’ ring seal needs to be ‘nicked’ slightly to allow grease to escape when greasing.


To extract the swivel pin a puller is inserted into the threaded hole.

MAY 2011

16/3/11 12:58:18

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03/06/2011 15:50

Mechanics 21


A home built puller is used comprised of two bolts welded together. One bolt being inserted into the hole.



The fine thread is generously lubricated with grease and a deep throated socket applied to exert the pull.


The same procedure is applied to the lower bearing.


A ‘top hat’ is placed over the top of the pin, followed by a Nyloc nut and washers.

The top pin/bearing is left in place to support the housing whilst the lower bearing is extracted.


The lower bearing carries the weight of the tractor and is often more difficult to remove as a result.


puller comprising two bolts welded head to head and a ‘top hat’ made from square box section steel with a substantial steel cap. One bolt has a thread to suit the thread in the pins and the other has a fine thread to increase the torque effect whilst being used. A nyloc nut was fitted and used on the puller bolt, as it is wider than a standard nut and will take a higher load. The top pin was pulled first and moved easily, but was left just engaged in its hole to support the housing while the lower pin was removed. Due to the nature of the design most of the loading is on the lower bearing and this quite often is more difficult to remove than the top bearing. This tractor was no exception and a little heat applied to the housing expanded this enough to assist in releasing it. Care must be taken not to heat the pin as this risks breaking the axle casting. The housing was then supported on a forklift with a suitable strap and removed for cleaning prior to the seal replacement.

A small amount of heat is used to assist the removal of the lower bearing. Care must be taken not to heat the pin otherwise a broken casting may result!

MAY 2011

P62-65 MF6180 Oil Seal .indd 65

After the heat had been applied the pin/bearing came out easily. The whole assembly will now be supported before removal.

Next Month... In Part Two we will show how to replace the seal and that of the lower swivel bearing.


16/3/11 12:57:28

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Professional Classic Tractor Restorers The restoration of the MF1080 has been a long and complicated job. This month our workshop has all but finished it excluding some decals that we have had custom produced. It has been all the small fiddly finishing touched that make a project special. The original medallions have been prepared then hand painted. Even with so much technology available today restoring classic tractors often take us back to basics when replacement parts have long been discontinued. This is what makes the difference between a ‘profession’ and a ‘vocation’

The build up of the tractor was never going to be a five minute job. It is now the realization of the extent of this restoration hits home. The jigsaw of newly resorted components and panel work now has to be carefully put together.


066_PT1_May 2011.indd 66

Manor House Farm, Ansley, Nuneaton, Warwickshire Tel: 024 7639 6966 Email:


15/03/2011 10:05

35.The Tool Den WP.indd 2

14/03/2011 10:13



a frosted cylinder block Part 1

In the fi rst of three parts Andrew Hall faces the challenge of repairing a damaged Fordson cylinder block

This 1947 Fordson Major E27N has suffered the indignity of a cracked cylinder block in the usual place. To bring it back to life I am embarking on a welding repair which will require the removal of the engine block!

any of the popular tractors we restore and preserve have their own particular weaknesses in some area or another. One area of concern on many tractors including the Fordson N and E27N tractors is damage to the cylinder block due to frost action!


P68-70 Cylinder Block.indd 68


The subject of this article is a 1947 Fordson Major E27N with a Hesford winch, which was used in its early days to manoeuvre a portable threshing machine in the Chiddingstone area of Kent. The coolant capacity of the Fordson engine is around 10 imperial gallons (45 litres), so in order to fully protect from frost MAY 2011

16/3/11 13:01:53


The tractor was towed to a suitable location to do the work. The magneto and manifold having been removed on an earlier occasion.

The extent of the block damage can be seen in this view. A degree of pondering the job took place before deciding the course of action!

An angled view shows the extent to which the metal has been forced out, bringing the decision to remove the whole damaged area!

The remaining parts were removed including the radiator grille, fuel tank and air filter. These were stored away for safe keeping.

there needs to be a large amount of antifreeze in the system ideally 50%, which means 5 gallons at quite a considerable cost to the operator! When in regular use many farmers simply drained the water at the end of a day’s work, which was inconvenient and often led to them taking a risk over the chances of frost damage. Another good reason to always use antifreeze is that it protects the block against corrosion, prevents build up of scale in the waterways and potential blockages of the radiator tubes. The weak area of the Fordson block is on the flat left hand side where the wall of the block is little more than ¼” thick. When the temperature drops and ice forms, the resultant internal pressures cause the cast iron to split. Sometimes the crack may be straight, but in this instance, the damage

is complicated as the crack is ‘H’ shaped and the intermediate section has pushed outwards with considerable misalignment of the cast iron. In order for an effective welded repair to be undertaken the block requires to be returned as near as possible to its original profile. On inspection I decided that the whole damaged area should be removed and replaced with a fresh plate, as the cracks ran in several directions. To accomplish this successfully the engine block would need to be removed and laid on its side, as molten cast iron would run away due to gravity if the repair was to be attempted in a vertical position. With limited means I successfully removed the engine from the tractor whilst in an outdoor setting. Thankfully there is not too much to remove from a Fordson tractor

Thankfully there is not too much to remove from a Fordson tractor prior to engine removal.

MAY 2011

P68-70 Cylinder Block.indd 69


16/3/11 13:02:29


The engine oil was drained and the radiator and water pump removed. Much sludge was present in the sump and will need to be cleaned out!

The tractor was jacked clear of its axle and the axle assembly carried away on a pallet fork behind my TE-D20 Ferguson.

The rear of the tractor was supported on stout timber and the jack left in place for extra safety before the lifting tractor was reversed into position.

The Nuffield was in place and linked to the engine via a Ferguson drawbar in the axle pivot point. Note the wooden wedges in place to prevent the engine tipping when moved!

The top-link bracket was adapted from a Ferguson saw bench bracket by drilling an extra hole and using the water pump flange lower holes to attach to! The oil pan was left in place to catch any residue oil when the tractor split.

The rear half of the tractor waits patiently supported on wood and axle stands while the welding is carried out!

The engine block was rested on pallets and will be laid on its side to undertake the repair. Note the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;wet â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;type clutch fitted to the E27N!

prior to engine removal. The magneto and vaporiser had been removed at an earlier date, so the remaining components were confined to the fuel tank, radiator, water pump, air filter and front axle assembly. The radiator is extremely heavy and required an assistant to steady it down as it was removed. Due to the presence of the winch there are angle irons running either side of the clutch housing of the tractor which facilitated the supporting of the tractor once the axle assembly was clear. My chosen means of lifting and supporting the engine was to use the three-point linkage of another suitable tractor, the idea being to replace the front axle with a Ferguson ninehole drawbar and use a suitably adapted bracket fitted to the water pump flange to act as a top-link bracket. The axle pins were released and the tractor jacked clear of the


P68-70 Cylinder Block.indd 70

axle whilst the axle was supported on a pallet fork behind my Ferguson TE-D20. Once the axle was clear the tractor was lowered onto its support whilst retaining the jack for stability. The lifting tractor, a Nuffield Universal was reversed into place, the Ferguson drawbar attached and wooden wedges driven in either side of the axle pivot to prevent tipping, together with the top-link bracket attached to the water pump flange of the engine. This was followed by removal of the clutch housing bolts. With the weight on the Nuffield hydraulics the engine was driven clear of the tractor and placed on a pallet ready for the welding task to begin.


A detailed account of the welding procedure and re-fit will be given in the next two issues.

MAY 2011

16/3/11 13:03:20


139 Ametech T&M December 2010.indd 139

14/03/2011 15:35

Bodywork Part 1 The Spray Booth

Paint your tractor

In this first part of a series Chris Jaworski advises on how to set up to refinish the paintwork of your project tractor


• Frame. 50 x 50mm sawn timber gives adequate strength at a low cost. • Clear plastic sheeting - 250 Gauge, medium duty. Good for strength and holds shape, allowing adequate light refraction • Space needed - ideally 3.5 m width x 2.5 m height x 5.0 m long for a small to medium 30 to 60 horse power tractor • Wood or circular saw • Screw drivers • Industrial staple gun • 5m tape measure


P72-75 Paint Your Tractor.indd 72

BEFORE This ‘old’ tractor has had a thorough mechanical restoration from a complete engine and transmission overhaul to new lights and wiring. Looking at it in this condition only an expert eye would appreciate what has been carried out.


fter your tractor has undergone a complete mechanical restoration it makes sense to finish the job by painting the tractor. A mystery to the casual onlooker will be the amount of effort you have committed to this project, together with the several hundreds of pounds spent buying and fi tting new parts, unless it is complemented by an excellent paint job. The resultant restoration

is your ‘piece de résistance’! It is the fi nal reward which makes you proud of spending many long months of hard work on its completion. The tractor may be mechanically perfect but the paint finish can have a detrimental affect on the overall look of the machine if it is incorrectly applied, of poor quality or subject to low temperatures. These are the external factors that influence the paint finish. MAY 2011

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This is another temporary arrangement, perhaps a gazebo in the back garden. But again the external factors that influence the paint finish are difficult to control. Also the grass could turn an unattractive MF grey!

The ideal solution (if space and cost is not a problem) is a professional spray booth, with the ability to have maximum lighting, controlled temperature, humidity and dust extraction.

An alternative is this ‘garage’ converted into a spray booth with white walls for maximum lighting. Two grain drier fans were fitted either side of the building to draw out the dust. Unfortunately because of poor concrete sealing, dust lands on the wet paint surface and the inability to control the power of the fans caused the paint to cure (dry) too quickly creating a dull ‘orange peel’ texture. To determine the optimum size of your spray booth allow a working area around the tractor of distance ‘D’. This will be in the region of 1 to 1.5 meters, thus allowing comfortable movement for the operator and the spray gun between the frame and the tractor.

MAY 2011

P72-75 Paint Your Tractor.indd 73

Temperature: Most paints work best at minimum temperatures of 20 degrees Celsius and a relative humidity of 50%. If it is necessary to achieve perfection in less than suitable temperatures and humidity use a mobile oil filled radiator or infrared heater to warm the booth up. Keep the paint tins in a warm room (or airing cupboard) to permit a good flow rate from the gun or brush and to assist the drying process of the paint after spraying. Note: DO NOT use naked flame heaters or elements (e.g. space heater or electric

fire elements) because of the chemicals used in the paint and thinners. Light: Maximum light including natural light is the best to ensure even paint coverage and thickness of application. Use enclosed fluorescent light NOT halogen as this could ignite the paint vapour. Dust: If a professional spray booth is not available make your own to help limit the movement of air and hence dust whilst the paint cures. PRACTICAL TRACTOR 73

16/3/11 13:04:32

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Get the next 3 issues for just £3, SAVING 74% delivered direct to your door hot off the press! This fantastic RISK FREE trial offer is available until 30th June 2011, and can only be redeemed by UK residents when paying by quarterly direct debit. This amazing offer is not available online so call 01959 541444 to subscribe & quote offer code E100, or to see our other fantastic subscription offers visit Your first quarterly payment will be charged at just £3 saving 74%, each quarterly payment will then be just £10.75.




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03/06/2011 15:50


To ensure coverage of the paint the operator needs to be able to move comfortably and easily to apply the paint to all the intricate spaces.

Place plastic tarpaulin or polythene sheet on the floor and then the two sides and rear frame are lifted into place, with the previously fitted plastic sheet on the outside. The four cross pieces of wood are then screwed into place and the frame is nearly completed. Note: as the floor is not solid 25mm thick shuttering board is used to give a secure base on which to jack and support the tractor. It also keeps the dust down.


P72-75 Paint Your Tractor.indd 74

The larger the tractor chassis plus the working area will mean a larger spray booth dimensions. This one is 3.5 m width x 2.5 m height x 5.0 m long and will comfortably take this medium size tractor. Humidity: The chemicals in the paint evaporate as it dries. This may cause the temperature to drop in the surrounding area. Therefore be careful not to paint in low temperatures to start with i.e. less than 10 degrees Celsius, late evenings or when there is a cold wind blowing.

will help give a good fi nish to the work. Alternatively if you can justify and fancy a car style professional spray booth with a water dust extraction system these can be purchased for £3000 to £10,000 depending upon age and condition!

With the sides constructed, the polythene sheet can be unfolded and stretched (but not too tight) over the timber and stapled to it every 250 mm to hold it securely in place. Note the central wooden brace to give the frame strength and support for the ‘Blooming’ of the paint in these cold conditions could occur, this is when the paint dries and a white sheen is seen to dull the colour. Using a pressure spray gun will give the quickest and best fi nish (with practice) to the tractors chassis and body panels. The paint dust will drift in the area surrounding the spraying operation. To limit this and also to contain the elements listed above an inexpensive spray booth can be constructed relatively easily and

Approximate cost of a temporary spray booth Polythene on a roll 250g density 4 m x 50 m £65.00 Wood for frame 72 m of 50mm x 50mm sawn timber £100.00 Staple gun including 100 x 8mm heavy duty staples £20.00 Total £185.00 If you decide to use your garage, where practical remove everything from the floor, MAY 2011

16/3/11 13:05:10


To allow the tractor to be driven or pushed into the booth a door is fitted to one end. This is constructed in two pieces and is secured at the top of the frame and wrapped around a piece of wood at the bottom. This will pull the polythene sheet tight and form a good seal.

To keep the dust and moisture out of the booth wooden braces are placed from side to side and then the plastic sheet pulled tight over them and stapled into place. walls and shelving. Thoroughly sweep the garage including the floor, walls and any cob webs from the ceilings. Finally rinse the garage floor and walls with warm water which will help to remove dust and debris. Items that must remain inside the garage should be covered with plastic sheets. This

protects your possessions from overspray and stops the the dust on them getting into the atmosphere and onto the painted surface. Loose dust and dirt can land on the panel surface, and remain trapped in the paint skin and is very noticeable after it has dried.


Next Month...Spray Equipment In action primer.

MAY 2011

P72-75 Paint Your Tractor.indd 75

AFTER The same tractor after having received a full body repair and re-spray, a new steering wheel, seat frame, lights and transfers. PRACTICAL TRACTOR 75

16/3/11 13:05:42

P66:Layout 1


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076_PT1_May 2011.indd 76


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Prices from £3,999 A Clinkaberry The Berries, Cottagers Lane, Hordle, Lymington, Hants SO41 0FE Tel: 01425 616403 Mob: 07785 298041 Fax: 01425 638062 PRACTICAL TRACTOR 77

15/03/2011 15:15


Horticultural Tractors Bernard Holloway provides a brief history of compact tractors.

Unihorse 66/4 of late 1966 in immaculate condition and finished in Turkish blue.

T Mk II Trusty Steed which could be fitted with either a JAP or Norton engine max 14.5 bhp. The specification included PTO, adjustable track, implement lift and draw bar. Some half track versions were also produced. 78 PRACTICAL TRACTOR

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his article is not meant to be a definitive chronicle of the development of the compact tractor but rather a dip into their history to illustrate some of the mechanical developments over the years leading to the contemporary tractors of today. So what is a compact trac tor? We can categorise the modern compact tractor as of tr aditional tr ac tor appearance and cons tr uc tion, with a diesel power unit producing in the region of 30 hp; with a full category one three-point linkage for the attachment of implements. It is to be expected there The classic bonnet will inevitably be Tractors Limited”

some cross over with the garden tractor and main stream machines at either end of the product ranges. The level of sophistication, manoeuvrability and robust construction has forged a market niche for these machines appealing to horticulturalists, small holders and owners of small acreage farms, where the financial out lay and running costs of a traditional tractor cannot be justified. Today most have a level of standard equipment which was unheard of 40 years ago and include live power take off shafts, differential locks and multiple range transmissions with either two or four wheel drive. But things were not always like this. The origins of these tractors goes back as far as the First World War and Government requirements on both sides of the Atlantic for small holders and “gentlemen farmers” to produce a surplus of food. At that time the dominant motive power was either man or horse as a practical small tractor was not economic for the majority of small scale producers. Much of the early d eve l o p m e nt w a s carried out in America during the inter war years where a plethora of manufacturers such as Gilson-Bolens, Shaw and Gravely to name a few vying for market share with badge of “Unihorse their walk along, pedestrian tractors. MAY 2011

16/3/11 13:06:38


A fully restored 1948 OTA (Oak Tree Appliances) row crop tractor. Apart from an early foray into Austin power plants it used Ford engine gearbox and petrol tank.

The forerunner of the compact lies with as said, the 2 wheeled, motorised pedestrian garden tractor

The Gravely was marketed in the late 1920’s. Their Model D tractor was initially powered by a 2.5hp Indian motorbike engine changed latterly for one of their own make, a four stroke unit producing 2.5hp which gave a walking speed of between 1- 3mph. The export models of the Gravely D always had the magneto, carburettor and air cleaners fitted by the country they were sold in, presumably for ease of maintenance and supply. A hiatus in development occurred during the Second World War as production was mainly geared to the war effort but with the cessation of hostilities there was renewed interest in this side of the tractor market and development recommenced. The forerunner of the compact lies with as said, the 2 wheeled, motorised pedestrian garden tractor. Examples of this are the Auto Culto and Rototiller which were first

used in the latter part of the 1920’s and early 1930’s. The early Auto–Culto’s had cast iron wheels and were powered by a two stroke engine. By the early 1940’s the company had progressed to steel wheels and turbo fan cooled engines and a form of self starter with engines ranging from 1.5-3.5hp. The products were gradually improved over the years and during the 1970’s the tractors were produced with four stroke engines of up to 5.5hp (Mark IX) with a range of attachments including toolbar, rotary grass cutter and flexible drives for hedge cutters and chainsaws. By the late 1940’s and early 1950’s we began to see British made pedestrian machinery from the likes of BMB, British Anzani, Singer, and Trusty ranging in the 1.5 - 6.0hp range used for ploughing and cultivation which could also be attached to a small trailer. The BMB (British Motor Boats Limited) pedestrian tractors were imported from America in the 1930’s and sold in the U.K. as Plough- Mate, Cult-Mate and Hoe Mate light tractors but the impact of the war time shortages saw limited production in Banbury in the U.K before the company was bought out by Brock House Engineering in 1940 Which heralded a move to Lancashire in 1947 where production of pedestrian tractors was to continue until 1955. The Plow-Mate pedestrian tractors were powerful, producing 6hp from either a JAP air cooled engine or a Briggs and Stratton engine in later years. They had two forward and one reverse gear; pneumatic tyres were an optional extra for the standard spade lug wheels. Pedestrian tractors began to lose favour with the introduction of lightweight versatile tractors such as the Ferguson TE series with

Gunsmith of 1948 A simple design that sold for £178.00 MAY 2011

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16/3/11 13:07:11

Compacts 3 point linkage. However the first 4 wheel compact tractors were really no more than stripped down pedestrian tractors with an additional pair of free wheeling wheels and a seat. An example of this is the five

Carterson Master light weight tractor of 1949 horsepower Bolens Huski Ridemaster of 1947, although Shaw’s did produce a four wheel eight horsepower garden tractor capable of pulling a plough as early as 1938 and even earlier Cenataur a small air cooled tractor in the early 1920’s.

British Holder pedestrian tractor of 1949 thought to be designed in Germany and built under license by the Croydon company. 80 PRACTICAL TRACTOR

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During the late 1940’s and early 1950’s the market consolidated and major tractor companies joined the fray including International Harvester and Allis Chalmers as they saw the opportunity for a small powerful tractor to meet the demands of the 5-20 acre farms that were expanding in the USA. We see the introduction of the Farmall Cub and Allis Chalmers G, John Deere L, and Massey-Harris Pony. The Allis Chalmers Model G tool carrier was introduced in 1948. It had a four cylinder side valve engine four forward gears and one reverse. The rear axle had independent brakes and an adjustable wheel track. No power take off was available although a pulley for belt drive was an optional extra. The under-slung tool bars were raised by mechanical means. One mus t not forget that the established players in the market such as Bolens and Wheel Horse were also producing competitive products which were gradually refined with more power and better implementation with a clear difference in specification to the garden tractors that they also produced. The Wheel horse Tractor was marketed by Garden Machinery Limited in the late 1950’s and included Uni drive, three forward and one reverse gear, power take off, rear lift linkage and a variety of attachments. In 1959 this was marketed for £180.00. By the 1970’s the level of sophistication on American machines included electric start and hydrostatic transmissions and either power and manual lifts. In contrast the home market continued at a slower pace and the tractors were robust and of simpler design and so we go back a few years in order to illustrate this. A good example of this is seen in the over engineered 1939 eight horsepower British Holder Tractor Limited, pedestrian tractor. Not only is it very rare but it illustrates that during the prelude to war it would have been politically incorrect to import a German tractor as this is thought to be a German tractor made under license by the Croydon (Surrey) based company. It is well made and has a rear power take off, dual clutches for each rear wheel to assist turning and a heavy duty dry plate clutch. Another unusual tractor of the time was the `1948 OTA Mk 1 from “Oak Tree Appliances”, a row crop tractor suitable for horticulturalists and light duties. Originally fitted with an Austin engine it then relied on the Ford Motor Company parts bin for the 10 horsepower engine, gear box (and provided 6 forward and 2 reverse gears when coupled to a high/low box), radiator and fuel tank. It was constructed on a substantial steel channel frame with simple tinwork. Its basic cost was £250.00 and it could be used with a range of implements MAY 2011

16/3/11 13:07:40


The 1958 Crawley 75 although it was of American design it was developed in the UK and included draft control, PTO and draw bar.

The lightweight Garner produced mid way through the last century was a developed from the pedestrian tractor.

The sales invoice for the British Holder pedestrian dated 1939

MAY 2011

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such as a plough and mid mounted tool bar, using an early interpretation of a 3 point linkage design. The four wheel Monarch version was produced in 1951 A simply constructed machine was the Garner four-wheel light tractor. This was initially powered by a JAP five horsepower engine upgraded to seven horsepower in the 1950’s and cost £198 and £209.00 respectively. There was some similarity with the garden tractors including the engine gearbox and bevel gearing but like the Allis Chalmers the track was adjustable and it also boasted a power take off, belt pulley and mid mounted tool bar and rear implements that were raised manually. A more powerful seven or 10hp engine was installed in a haulage version that was used by “Docks and Inland Waterways. Production of the tractor ceased in 1955. Lea Francis Cars of Coventr y introduced the Uni-Horse tractor in 1961 with production ceasing the following year. Williams Engineers formed a new company, Uni-Horse Tractors Limited at Smethwick and later Droitwich and again production ended in the early 1970s. Their 66/4 model of 1966 produced eight/nine horsepower from the Swiss MAG engine and was produced complete with two forward and one reverse gear plus transfer box, dual braking and rear power take off. Other makes of interest are Martin Markham of Stamford who built around 100 tractors between 1961 and 1970 and Trusty Steed, possibly the most well known

of the British small four-wheel tractors. About 500 Winget tractors were built by Slater & England mostly for export and once again in 1968 production ceased and the rights sold to MSW Machinery and production ended around the mid 1970s. No history would be complete without mention of Ransomes, Sims and Jefferies who produced tracked hor ticultural vehicles between 1932 and 1966. They were well suited to difficult terrain and where ground conditions were sticky and reduced pressure was an advantage. Their traction proved a boon in such circumstances. By the 1970’s the field was wide open for imports into the UK and in the mid 1970’s we see the likes of John Deere’s 100/200 series and Asian manufacturers such as Kubota, Iseki and Honda enter the market offering a level of equipment such as category one three-point linkage, differential locks, power take off and water cooled diesel engines at a price the home market could not compete with. Kubota entered the home market in

Crawley 75 with trailed implement fixed to the draw bar with simple mechanical lift. PRACTICAL TRACTOR 81

16/3/11 13:08:07


Can you name the model of the Trusty pedestrian tractor? 1960 and by the end of the decade had been also successful in the USA market. Five years later the UK saw the arrival of the L and B model compact tractor models The four wheel- drive, 12.5 Siromer tractor in flat pack and pre assembled mode. horsepower water cooled B 60 0 0E. Priced at £1,387.00 it had six forward and two reverse gears and front and rear power take off and independent rear brakes. A range of implements to suit were available. T he I s e k i Tr ac tor Agr ic ult ur al Manufacturing Co first imported four wheel drive tractors to the UK in 1976 and the first one of its type to be marketed was the 13 horsepower 4WD TX1300DF. As the market became more lucrative additional models were added to the range and included tractors powered by Mitsubishi diesel engines and the usual six forward and two reverse gearboxes. Included in

A new innovation in the UK market over recent years has been the introduction of Chinese tractors

Rabtrac YTO 200 lightweight 20hop Chinese tractor 82 PRACTICAL TRACTOR

P78-82 Horti Tractors.indd 82

the package of standard equipment were a three-speed power take off, a differential lock, and a safety start device connected to the clutch pedal. Later developments included the introduction of threecylinder four- stroke water cooled power units used for the higher output 28 and 35 horsepower models with gearboxes of either eight or nine forward and two or three reverse gears. Interest in market gardens and nurseries has grown over the last 30 years and created a niche for the development of small, manoeuvrable and powerful 4x4 compact tractors. Currently these are mainly supplied by Asian, American and Italian manufacturers. A new innovation in the UK market over recent years has been the introduction of Chinese tractors distributed by the likes of Rabtrak and Siromer. These tractors offer a good standard specification with prices commencing in the region of £4,000.00 for the 20 horsepower models up to £7,000 for the 30 horsepower models. Siromer have pioneered the flat pack tractor for self assembly. Both makes are very well equipped with multi ratio gearboxes with between 12/16 forward gears and optional creeper/shuttle boxes, power take off and hydraulic lifts, which can be used with a good range of implements. So in this very rapid skate through history we have come from the lightweight pedestrian plough, later modified to take implements through the early years of the four- wheeled compact tractor to the demise of the UK producers and the development of simple cost effective tractors for small holders and nurseryman. There are numerous other manufacturers and suppliers of the past and present day and we will cover these in greater depth in future issues of Practical Tractor. MAY 2011

16/3/11 13:08:26

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15/03/2011 15:16

Front Line

LOG BOOK • • • • •

1960 Massey Ferguson 35 1983 David brown 1690 1985 Ford 6610 1986 Kubota B8200 2007 Case IH JX80

Fleet Focus Each month Practical Tractor takes a look at a farm and its tractors and how they are used. This month Peter Love visits East Sussex where classic agricultural machinery are used every day.

Bought as a write-off and rebuilt the 1986 Kubota B8200 4 x 4 has been worth its weight in gold. Jeff constructed this roll bar as the original one that came with a rear loader got in the way.


ver since the first internal combustion tractor ploughed the land engineering adaptability has been the name of the game for the Burgess family. In fact their fi rst machine was a 1920’s Bullnose Morris car with a reduction gearbox converted into a mowing tractor, fairly common at the time, followed by a Fordson N. Engineering and farming go hand in hand for Jeff Burgess. Not only does he 84 PRACTICAL TRACTOR

P84-87 Front line.indd 84

run the family MOT and service garage for cars and commercial vehicles but has also taken more of role in running the farm since his Father’s retirement. The smallest tractor presently in the fleet is a 19hp (14.2KW) three-cylinder 1987 Kubota B8200 4 x 4 with BF300A loader. This low hours machine was purchased as a write off from an advert that he saw in a free newspaper. When Jeff initially inspected the tractor he was very interested in it as it was fitted with both a front loader and a

back actor. However the nearside rear axle was cracked and all of the oil had leaked out and the off side of the front loader was severely bent. After he had viewed the tractor he wanted time to think about it and mulled it over as he drove home. Upon reflection he thought the £1,500 asking price was very fair so he turned around, went back and bought it. After stripping the Kubota down, Jeff cleaned the rear axle housing where it was damaged and highlighted the crack with MAY 2011

16/3/11 13:08:59

Front Line

Bomford Turner Turbomower, which works well has been very reliable.

This is where Jeff cut the bent lifting arms and straightened them.

The tractor arrived without a bucket, but Jeff picked one up cheaply. a metal spray. The damaged areas were ground out and arc welded with a 3.2mm rod suitable for dissimilar metals. After completing the job he cleaned up the weld and repeated the crack test of the repaired area. The repair had been successful so the axle was sand blasted and painted in the correct Kubota colours. Surprisingly the rear end holds some 18 litres

The transmission chart is there for you all to see in this well kept tractor. Purchased new the 1983 David Brown 1690 with Bomford Super Trim.

This low hours machine was purchased as a write off from an advert that he saw in a free newspaper.

The 12-speed transmission on the 1690, it’s been reliable and easy to use.

One thing the 1690 could do with a brake master cylinder, the fluid needs regularly topping up. MAY 2011

P84-87 Front line.indd 85

of oil and the transmission carries a threerange nine forward-speed gearbox with three reverse. Top speed is just over 12mph, which is typical for this era and type of tractor The front loader was taken of f and dismantled. The side arms were straightened on a 50 ton press and where beyond repair, new sections were fabricated and then the entire loader was painted. A second hand bucket was sourced and fitted. The tractor has only done 788 hours and is still in good condition as it is kept under cover. Today the Kubota B8200 carries a Bomford Turner Turbomower on the back which is used for harrowing and cultivating some of the fields. This was sourced second hand from a local vineyard, when the premises changed hands. It had previously been fitted behind a 1960 Massey Ferguson 35 (three-cylinder) and was fi tted and performed successfully behind the Kubota. Jeff says the Kubota has excellent low down gearing and copes with the hilly countryside very well. A tractor that’s been here since the early 1980’s is the two-wheel drive David Brown 1690. This model was David Brown’s first six-cylinder since the 50D of the PRACTICAL TRACTOR 85

16/3/11 13:09:39

Front Line

This tractor is known for intermittent fuel problems as Jeff primes the six-cylinder 5.4 litre 103hp engine.

Sunday morning is “dung” time, from Sue and Emily’s horses, the hydraulic trailer has been around for years.

Emily took her tractor driving test days after her 16th birthday on the new Case IH JX80.

Emily is an excellent driver and qualified helicopter pilot who likes the mechanical shuttle 12-speed transmission. 86 PRACTICAL TRACTOR

P84-87 Front line.indd 86

MAY 2011

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Front Line

1960 Massey Ferguson 35 with a Browns saw bench on the back all ready to chop the wood up.

Daughter Emily passed her tractor driving test on the JX80 just a few days after her 16th birthday

It’s an excellent bench with a sliding table being the main point and a tungsten tip saw blade.

1950’s. It’s the non aspirated (non-turbo) version and had a front end repaint some eight years ago. The tractor is in original condition and has done less than 3,000 hours but has got through two hydraulic pumps fortunately these are easy to replace as they are driven off the front of the crankshaft.

Hedge cutting The 1690 is used for hedge cutting and is also fitted with a Bomford Super Trim. Jeff picked this up locally for £150 as it was not in working condition although the hydraulic hoses were in excellent condition. The blade spindle bearings had collapsed and the shaft needed building up with weld. Jeff was able to clamp the blades and turn the spindle parallel using a face

place on a massive lathe and all in all the cost of the repairs was no more than £100. These repairs have lasted well as the equipment has been in use for the last eight seasons. In 2007 Jeff bought a brand new Turkish built, four cylinder, 72hp, Case IH JX80. To date he hasn’t experienced any build quality problems apart from a rattle in the throttle pedal mechanism, modified on later models and upon delivery the headlamps would not work as excess paint on the connections had caused poor conductivity in the circuits. All told the tractor was a very good buy and fitted with a Quickie 30 loader. Daughter Emily passed her tractor driving test on the JX80 just a few days after her 16th birthday and obviously has the touch for all things mechanical as she now holds a helicopter pilot’s licence. The latest tractor to be purchased is a 1985 Ford 6610 Series II 4 x 4 in excellent condition with 3,000 hours on the clock. The fuel tank was power washed to cure intermittent running problems associated with an erratic fuel supply. The rocker cover gasket still awaits replacement which Jeff says will stop the oil leak but is a job he will do in the warmer weather. As the tractors and equipment were put back into the sheds they were joined by the 1960 Massey Ferguson 35 driven by Emily with Browns saw bench, used to cut logs for the Rayburn and open fire. They are very practical green friendly people here.

Your invitation

Latest to join the fleet is the 1985 Ford 6610, from the late Charlie Cooper estate. MAY 2011

P84-87 Front line.indd 87, or write to us at Practical Tractor, Fleet Focus, Kelsey Publishing, Cudham Tithe Barn, Berrys Hill, Cudham, Kent TN16 3AG.


16/3/11 13:10:34

T break

All correspondence to: The Editor, Practical Tractor Cudham Tithe Barn, Berrys Hill, Cudham, Kent. TN16 3AG or alternatively email

WORDSEARCH No.1 by Aleric Linden

Try and fi nd all of the tractor and workshop related words listed below. Wo r d s a l ways r u n i n a straight line either up, down, backwards, forwards or diagonally. Once youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve found all of the words, take the unused letters (reading from left to right and top to bottom) to reveal the two-worded mystery answer.



Photo of the month

A reminder to readers that the haymaking season will soon be upon us once again! Tractor John Deere 4040, mower Lely Ultimow


P88-90 Tea Break.indd 88

MAY 2011

16/3/11 13:11:37



Despite many tractors being snapped up for restoration there is still a wealth of machinery languishing in yards, field corners and other less likely areas. Here are a few examples pictured to whet the appetites of enthusiastic restorers. At Practical Tractor we welcome any contributions from readers. Please send your photos to Th i s i s a M a s s ey Ferguson 203 Industrial tractor of early 1960â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s vintage awaiting some TLC. Many of these were equipped with backhoes as well as loaders and sold to the construction industry, with many finding their way onto farms to be used for estate maintenance duties. A Massey Ferguson 1200 ripe for restoration. These machines are sought after by collectors of larger classic tractors. The 1200 was at home undertaking cultivation work on arable farms.

This 1200 is probably beyond economic repair but could provide many spares to help keep another one going! Quite a rare sight and in need of much work to bring it back to original condition, this machine is a Hymac 270 of mid-seventies vintage. It is based upon the Ford 3000 skid unit!

Looking very much down at heel, this International 574 could be restored and live to fight once again!

MAY 2011

P88-90 Tea Break.indd 89

The Massey Ferguson 550 is a highly sought after model. Sadly this industrial version has been allowed to deteriorate. It could be restored, but much work and expense required doing so! However, the cab could be donated to another project! PRACTICAL TRACTOR 89

16/3/11 13:12:46

CLIFFORD’S GARAGE CLIFFORD’S GARAGE Injector Pumps 35x Injector Pumps 35x 135/240/550/212/23/248 135/240/550/212/23/248

Larde stock of Cloks & Larde stock Cloks & Gauges incl of Original Gauges incl Original Lucas Clear Type Lucas Clear Type

Hydraulic Pump Repair Kit Hydraulic PumpPump Repair Kit Multi Power Multi Pump MK III Power Hyd. Pumps MK III Hyd. Pumps



Engine Overhaul Kits Engine Overhaul Kits

100’s Bracket 100’s Bracket For 2 Pin Plug For 2 Pin Plug

Full Range of Filters Full Range & of Filters & Air Assemblys Air Assemblys

Wheel Rims Vintage Wheel Rims Vintage

135 Mudguards, Bonnets 135 Mudguards, Dashes all metal Bonnets work Dashes all metal work

Original Ford Seat Original Ford Seat Major Brake Drum Cover Major Brake Dash PanelDrum DextaCover Dash Panel Dexta

35 Mudguards 35 Mudguards Bonnets & TE 20 Grill Bonnets & TE 20 Grill

35 T Bar Hitches Complete 35 T& Bar Hitches Complete Parts 135/165 & Parts 135/165 Conversion Kit Conversion Kit

Ford 2000-TM Clutch Kit Ford Clutch MF 352000-TM -42’s Clutch KitKit 35 -42’s Clutch KitKit IHCMF David Brown Clutch IHC David Brown Clutch Kit

Starters, Alternators Starters,&Alternators & Dynamos Dynamos

Large range of MF & Ford Large range ofBoxes MF & Ford Levelling incl Levelling Original Boxes Major incl Original Major

35/135/240/165 35/135/240/165 Spindles ,Hubs,Half Axle Spindles ,Hubs,Half Power Steering KitAxle Power Steering Kit

Ballydwyer East, Ballymacelligot, Tralee, Co. Kerry Ballydwyer East, Ballymacelligot, Tralee, Co. Kerry Tel No. 066 7137204, Fax: 066 7137539 7137204, Fax: 066 7137539 23:18 Page 1Tel No.


MP & KM Golding have a unique, cost effective concept in road, track and yard maintenance. Gone is the need to repair old, worn and potholed tracks by importing new and highly expensive stone. They operate two different types of crusher which are capable of crushing all types of stone, from tarmac to concrete blocks, they crush and lift the existing track hence recycling the old material to provide the new surface.The surface is then levelled and compacted with the use of unique vibrating plates, forming a hardwearing level surface. With the addition of cement it is possible to considerably increase the longevity of the road surface. Road stabilisation, using cement, is a tried and tested method and a cost effective alternative to concrete or tarmac. Mark Golding said “We are having extremely positive feedback and there is obviously a need for this type of unique, low cost service.” These methods can be applied to a wide variety of applications, for example cow tracks to forest roads to light aircraft runways! Below: Before this road was stabilised it required constant, expensive maintenance. Now it’s a cost effective, hard-wearing levelled surface that copes with heavy farm vehicle traffic.

1. Preparation

2. Crushing and Compacting

(1) The existing surface/road is first loosened. (2) The road planings/stone or tarmac are then crushed using the Kirpy Crusher ready for compacting. 3. Laser Levelling

4. Cement Stabilisation

(3) The area is then levelled using the latest laser levelling equipment, ensuring effective water shedding and drainage. (4) The addition of cement powder to the process gives you a sealed, hard bound surface. MP & KM Golding specialise in the rejuvenation of rural roads throughout the UK. For a FREE consultation or a FREE brochure



call 0845 094 3818

See it in more detail - visit www.road


090_PT1_May 2011.indd 90

MAY 2011

15/03/2011 10:45

F R E E T O A D V E RT I S E - I N C L U D E A C O L O U R P I C ! - R U N F O R T W O I S S U E S !

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to place YoUr free adVert BY POST:

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MaY 2011 deadlIne: 27 th april

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Telephone enquiries to: 0906 802 0279. Emails advert details to: Post coupons to: Practical Tractor Free Ads, Kelsey Publishing Group, PO BOX 978, Peterborough, PE1 9FL.


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No correspondence can be entered into. Advertisements will appear in the first available issue. Closing date is 21 days prior to the publication date. Private ads are free providing the maximum of 40 words is not exceeded. Private advertisers may include one non-returnable photograph free of charge. If e-mailing, attach a digital image if you have one.

• Traders please call 01959 543500 or email • We can accept no liability for any errors that appear in the printed classified advertisement. • We reserve the right to reclassify advertisements which have been assigned to the wrong category, and to also include all private advertisements in other Kelsey magazines which we feel relevant. • Tractors under £1,500 in value are prioritised for insertion, others will be included at the publisher’s discretion.

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Get the next 3 issues for just £3, SAVING 74% delivered direct to your door hot off the press! This fantastic RISK FREE trial offer is available until 30th June 2011, and can only be redeemed by UK residents when paying by quarterly direct debit. This amazing offer is not available online so call 01959 541444 to subscribe & quote offer code E100, or to see our other fantastic subscription offers visit Your first quarterly payment will be charged at just £3 saving 74%, each quarterly payment will then be just £10.75.




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03/06/2011 15:50

EMAIL YOUR AD TO: tractors@k e l s e y p b . c o . u k tractors for sale ALLIS-CHALMERS



£650. Does run, hydraulics work, spares or repair with cab if wanted. 01787 375482. Suffolk

£450 no offers. One owner, buff logbook, barn stored for 30 years, in need of total restoration. Please call Jack: 01785 760216. Staffordshire


1952, £600 ono. Non-runner, stood, but complete, brakes stuck, with old log book. Consider swap for motorbike or Morris Minor 1000 or O/D Ford. 01625 267516. Cheshire


DAVID BROWN 995 £500. Water in the oil, spares or repair. 07836 698873. Oxfordshire

DAVID BROWN 995 £500. Water in the oil, spares or repair. 07836 698873. Oxfordshire

ALLIS-CHALMERS £850. BP3 Diesel PTO pulley power lift four, new tyres needs assembling and painting. 01452 713148. Gloucestershire


£995. With 3-cylinder Perkins diesel engine, front loader, new radiator, runs but needs attention. 01362 820629 or 07860 223447. Norfolk



£800 ono. Diesel, runs but needs attention, good bonnet and seat, needs new front tyres 07765 112511. Lincolnshire

1953, £1,500. Good starter, and tyres all there, need a little TLC, genuine reason for sale. For more information please contact: 01793 750890. Wiltshire


DAVID BROWN 885 1951, £1,500 ono. Road registered, Tax February 2011, complete electrics, new lights/tyres/Magneto/dynamo. American Zenith carb, electric start (starts first time) bench seat. Telephone Ray Davey on 01798 861339 / 07799 647765. West Sussex


£800. Power steering, in need of new clutch. Engine runs ok, good tyres, one door missing, just needs new loving owner. No tyre kickers or time wasters. 07901 105634.Cambs.


1968, £1,200 ono. Starts and runs well, reconditioned steering box, tinwork needs attention with David Brown loader and bucket. 01822 840829 or 07792 839264. Devon

1947, £1,000. Essendine built, good runner 01526 354263.


£450. For restoration, 95% complete, engine runs, good oil pressure. Telephone: 01529 460951. Lincolnshire

DAVID BROWN CROPMASTER £1,500 ono. Petrol/paraffin. Very straight tinwork, easy restoration. 01884 860227. Devon

1952, £1,500. Older restoration, V5/logbook available, petrol/tvo. 01544 340305. Herefordshire (T)




1954, £1,150. With V5C, 3-point linkage, hydraulics, belt pulley, four new tyres and tubes, good tinwork, running order, older restoration. 07712 011183. Nottinghamshire


£1,500 ono. Comes with loader, V5 in running order. 01548 521278. Devon

DAVID BROWN 950 £450 ono. Early 950, rough, as found condition, spares or repair. Other project forces sale. 01785 760216. Staffordshire

1973, £1,250. Off-farm condition, starts and runs well, 3-cylinder, small fault with gearbox, current V5 document available. 07711 276755. Cambridgeshire

£1,200 ono. Diesel, bodywork, good tyres, useable, no smoke after start up, engine runs sweetly, repaired block, runs too good to break up, ideal for stable work, V5 applied for 01472 827391. North East Lincolnshire




£400 ono. With rare and unusual hydraulic kit. Integral pump, twin hydraulic rams, valve unit, lift bar, for spares or restoration, straight-axle. 07812 522372. Lincolnshire


£575 ono. Good project. 07887 932573.


1951, £650 ono. Petrol, needs battery, exhaust and seat pan. Nice tractor, brown logbook. 01507 462693. Lincs


1948, £1,450 ono. Excellent example, original, V5, petrol, new electrics, tyres, steering wheel, exhaust, auto-hitch. Custom all-weather cover (more photo’s available via email). 07052 604925. Leicestershire






1962, best offer over £300. Head gasket gone, fair condition, rear tyres 25% remaining front 50%, same farm since new. 07880 947750. West Sussex £700. Good tyres, good runner, tinwork poor 01235 202031. Oxfordshire

£700 ono. Allis-Chalmers WC restoration or spares. 01872 320062. Cornwall

1950, £1,500 ono. Petrol/TVO, rare tractor, complete and unrestored, lovely tractor all parts correct and present. Please call after 6pm: 07754 258030. Surrey

£1,300 ono. White/brown (skid unit) used to drive a Suger beet machine. Very good engine and 12-speed gearbox (3 lever type), can be seen running. 01262 470235. Yorkshire

£800. Needs engine overhaul. Does run, just! Some rust, not too bad. Needs exhaust and one foot plate. Make nice tractor when refurbished. Collection only, Near Faversham. 01795 890321. Kent

FERGUSON TEA-20 1950, £1,000. Good tinwork, new front tyres, runs very well, new exhaust. 07811 443750. Herefordshire

MAY 2011



£600. Has a cracked engine block but not seized, a good engine block and head to go with the tractor, same year, bonnet, gearbox, clutch, hydraulics, very good. Also Ferguson 9-spring tine cultivator, £100. 01768 863568. Cumbria

1946, £900. Original TVO early type manifold pulley, drawbar. Excellent tinwork and fuel tank catiron rear wheels. 12x36 tyres, engine runs but block cracked. Good gearbox axle, steering. 01706 218455. Lancashire


£1,500. Diesel, in good condition, good oil pressure, some new parts, with Ferguson Butterfly plough with makers plate. 01328 702277. Norfolk


£300. For spares, also some Fordson skid units. 01653 658224. Yorkshire


FERGUSON TEF-20 Reasonable offers taken. Good runner, hydraulics in working order, good tinwork. Repaired frost damage, in need of paint, good project. Genuine buyers only please. Photos available on request. If interested contact John on 07798 703317. Gwynedd

FERGUSON TEF-20 1952, £1,000. Diesel, original condition with front loader, engine needs looking at. 07581 738489. Angus


£1,400. Loader and soil bucket, starts and drives good, new parts recently fitted. 07711 051147. East Yorkshire


£1,200. Diesel, with mill loader, good tyres all round, runs sweet, needs paint job 07929 373862. Shropshire




1951, £800 ono. With V5, runs, new battery, some service parts, in need of some TLC. 01905 360275. Worcestershire

1951, £800 ono. With V5, runs, new battery, some service parts, in need of some TLC. 01905 360275. Worcestershire



£1,500. With old type Perkins P3 engine, tinwork good, sound block, runs with tow, rare item, call Alan 07801 694143. Northern Ireland

FORD 4000

£1,400. A very early major starts and runs okay with early Whitlock digger and front loader, all hydraulics in working order but needs tidying up. 07974 986208.

FORDSON MAJOR E1A £900. All new tyres, good engine, tin work ok, no V5. Call: 07790 690336. Herefordshire

FORDSON MAJOR E1A 1956, £1,200 ono. Part restored. 01954 200367. Cambridgeshire

FORDSON MAJOR POWER £650 ono. Good engine, spares or repairs, for more information contact: 07843 384676. Lancashire Approximately 1955, £1,000. Petrol/TVO, genuine tyres, pick-up hitch and piped for tipping trailer, used daily to level horse training ménage. Ideal restoration project. Just off junction 16 of M6 on Staffordshire Cheshire border. 01782 722 001 or 07828 189073. Staffordshire

1955, £1,250. TVO, good working order, original bodywork, owned and dry stored since 1982, hardly used since 1995. New battery, new front tyres, new water pump fan belt and hoses, new coil and condenser, draw bar and top link, suit restorer. Please email: or call: 07052 603929 . Devon



1958, £650. Barn stored 10 years, live drive, tin work poor. Comes with double spool valve. 01992 551221.


FORDSON DEXTA £500. Spares or repair. Please telephone 01507 462693. Lincs


1941, £700. Barn find condition, all complete other than manifold and mag, has had frost damage. 07510198281. West Sussex


1955, £1,000. Good straight tractor. Very good rear tread, has been dated at 1955, good runner. Email: or call 01332 864093. Derbyshire

MAY 2011

£1,000. Good order, painted red, HR reduction box tyres. 50% needs new starter motor. 01633 889106. Monmountshire

1959, £950. Early model with no headlamps but does have live drive and would restore to make a good pre-1960s ploughing tractor, believed to be 1959 but no V5, does have registration plate: 810 ERL. Very good engine, swinging drawbar. Would take motorbike in part exchange. Telephone for details: 01548 521278. Devon

£1,500. Wide wing Fordson N, older restoration in green, runs well and always kept undercover. Viewing welcome. 07825 925580. Suffolk

FORDSON SUPER MAJOR 1963, £1,200. Blue, grey, original good starter and runner, needs new tinwork and brakes, good restoration project. 07769 654341. Warwickshire



EMAIL YOUR AD TO: tractors@k e l s e y p b . c o . u k INTERNATIONAL 3434


£650. 4 in 1 bucket, spares and repairs. Does run. 07951 662785. Gloucestershire



ZETOR 3045

£800. Livedrive, 6-cylinder, good engine but has frost crack, all working. 07790 690336. Herefordshire

Wanted. Bullnose model, in running order but some work considered. Please email info 01327 350490. Northamptonshire


£1,500. Good running order, needs TLC, grass tyres, delivery available. Telephone for further details on 01604 891511. Northamptonshire

£1,000. Diesel, runner, off-farm condition. 01913 732636. Co. Durham


INTERNATIONAL 574 £1,500. Yellow industrial diesel tractor, in running order, starts first time, good oil pressure, hydraulics need attention. 07767 860447. Denbighshire

MASSEY-HARRIS B 1948, £1,000. New rear tyres, PTO and pulley. 01424 838392. East Sussex

£800. Livedrive, 6-cylinder, good engine but has frost crack, all working. 07790 690336. Herefordshire

parts for sale BONNET NOSE CONE TOP

NUFFIELD UNIVERSAL £1,000. Diesel, runner, off-farm condition. 01913 732636. Co. Durham


MASSEY-HARRIS PONY £1,500. Good old tractor, still would do a lot of work, runs fine. Please call for full details: 01453 753195. Gloucestershire


1952, £1,250. Simca engine, dry stored and mechanically sound, original paintwork with no rust or dents, 50mm towbar, PTO and pulley, wheelweights if required £100. 01206 230597. Essex

Offers. For Ford Compact 1200-1920 tractor range 1200 -1920. In good shape with slight repairable damage and very little rust. Contact John: or 02034 905028 / 07805 95639. London

MASSEY HARRIS PONY VINEYARD 1968, 1,500 Euros. Original three-cylinder, good bonnet, wings need repair. Very scarce model genuine enquiries only please, delivery can be arranged. 00353 862509208. Co Mayo

1965, £1,650. Very good condition, new clutch, tyres, lights, fenders, recon engine, complete with linkage PUH, no logbook, only reg plate. 01388 814978. Co Durham

INTERNATIONAL FARMALL SUPER BMD Offers. Complete minus lift arms, for full restoration or spares, genuine reason for sale, no spare time, sensible offers only. 01622 884330. Kent

JOHN DEERE 2130 £POA. Breaking for spares. 01477 500305 or 07768 835 020.. Cheshire (T)


tractors wanted £900. Most bits, very rare 07887 932573.

McCORMICK INTERNATIONAL B250 1958, £650. For restoration, been, barn stored for many years, all tinwork good, has all the bonnet badges, engine stuck with standing. 01677 470761 or 07840 295884. North Yorkshire



DAVID BROWN 770 Wanted. Restoration, must be in reasonable condition, tin-work not important please contact: 01539 560433. Cumbria

£20 ono. 07714 242939. Hertfordshire


DAVID BROWN CROPMASTER Wanted. Double seat prefered, must have sound block with no welding, good all round condition (original or refurbished). Must have electric start, within 100 mile radius of Winchester, please ring after 5pm. 07789 157434. Hampshire

FORD 4600/6600/7600 Wanted. Must be very clean 01661 844626.

FORD 8100

£40 ono. For more information please contact: 01768 3 51293. Cumbria

Wanted. Must be in good working order and good runner. 01670 822270. Northumberland



Ring for details: Spares or repairs. 01253 738287. Lancashire

£650. Old type, with solid axle complete, and will make a nice tractor. 01653 658224 or 07977 462079. Yorkshire

Wanted. Any model in any condition or any parts. Good price paid. 01844 237030. Bucks


Wanted. Or Rowcrop brakes, complete or parts, anything considered, distance no object. 01269 831286. Carmarthenshire



£750. Tractor all there., but needs attention. For more information please contact: 01653 658224 or 07977 462079. Yorkshire 1966, £450. Badges in good

MASSEY FERGUSON 65 Mk 2 1962, £1,500. Fair running condition, good tyres and tinwork. Pick-up hitch for more information telephone: 01636 894056. Nottinghamshire.




NUFFIELD 10/60 £750. Tinwork ok, brakes ok, tyres up, will need to be towed because of fuel problems. 07790 690336. Herefordshire

NUFFIELD 465 1968, £1,100. Good running order, original roll bar. 07711 294446. Aberdeenshire

Wanted. £900-£1,400, restored requires B275 tractor in ex-farm condition, needs to be in working order with an engine showing good oil pressure when warm. Poor rubber and tinwork acceptable. Cash offered according to condition, collection up to 150 miles from Norfolk. 01485 512521. Norfolk

£300. As new to fit 944, 1164 etc. 07546 145778. Cheshire

DRAW BAR 9-HOLE £50. Good condition, fits Ferguson up to 135. 07765 136909. Fife


MASSEY FERGUSON 290 OR 390 Wanted. 4x4 with ground speed PTO. 01550 720589 or 07974 972180. Swansea

URSUS 385 OR 912 ZETOR CRYSTAL Wanted. Ursus 385 or 912 Zetor Crystal 2WD, with loader. Old or broken will repair. Will travel to collect. 01268 732133. Essex

£100. Comes with, 26’ flat belt. 01566 773096. Cornwall

MAY 2011





£POA. Gold, live drive, clutch assembly. 07043 568304. Lancs

TYRES 10/22.5 Cheap to clear. On Leyland rims. 01258 820699. Dorset


£60. For more information please contact: 01768 351293. Cumbria


£125 ono. Pair of rear wheels and tyres, 14.9/13 28 60% tread, good condition 01875 853257. East Lothian

Offers. Complete with wheels, 07721 530520. Dorset



£150. As new, complete with various attachments, for quick sale 07802 662497. Northants


POTATO DIGGER Ring for price. Lister post hole borer. Spike harrows, Ferguson earth scoop, Ferguson three-row ridger and potato planter. 07043 5683043. Lancashire

RANSOME CRAWLER TRACK PLATES £175 ono. 07887 932573.

£POA. Track plates for Ransome Crawler. 07624 203868. Isle of Man

Ring for prices. Obsolete parts for Bradford built tractors; transfers, track rod boots, steering box bearings, bushes, shafts, seals, tractormeters, check chains, levelling boxes, axle pins and bushes, service parts for engine, brakes, electrics, hydraulics; hydraulic filters; new but old 28in wheel centres. 01524 751220 or 07774 579609. Lancashire

From £15 plus postage. 07052 606035. Norfolk



£POA. Back end fuel tank, drawbar, choice of wings and 600 x 19 tyres, sound. 01581 300360. Dumfries and Galloway

£150 ono. Mechanical lift for rear of JD L, good condition. 02476 301770 Evenings. West Midlands


FORDSON DEXTA CAB 1962, £75 ono. Canvas style cab with steel frames and intact windscreen. Canvas needs repair. 01490 420351. Denbighshire

FORDSON DEXTA STEERING BOX £POA. Reconditioned. Also breaking a Fordson Dexta. Please call: 01793 751145 or 07901 928600. Wiltshire


LUCAS SR4 MAGNETO £80 including postage. Lucas SR4 magneto; ring for full details. 01460 55291. Somerset

£POA. Bonnet, engine, tracks, transmission etc. Ring for details or email: 07831 828271 / Derbyshire

£375 ono. 3/4 ton, high sides, back board, in working order. 07894 121044. Wrexham

Our FREE AD Privacy Phone System OPT

Good for buyers, good for sellers


Privacy numbers use a tried and tested technology which is being adopted by more and more publishers due to the benefits it brings for all concerned.



• If you wish to sell an engine or parts etc, you can provide us with both a home and mobile phone number and we will allocate - free - a single privacy number (an 070... number) that covers both of your numbers. • When a potential purchaser calls the 070 number allocated to you, call hunting technology will automatically ring through to your first number (eg home) and then your second number (eg mobile). • If you need to change your contact number (maybe you have moved house or have a new mobile phone) we can update your number and re-route calls immediately. • If you find you are getting unwanted canvassing calls please make a note of the

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caller’s phone number and telephone us on 01733 347559 and we can block future telephone calls. • If your item is sold, please contact us via email at:, or telephone us on 0906 802 0279* and we can mark your item as sold, and stop forwarding calls immediately.

*Adverts taken down by us - or cancelled - over the phone on 0906 802 0279 Please note this is a premium rate number, calls are charged at 60p per minute from a BT landline. Lines operated by Kelsey Publishing Limited. Call charges from mobile phones will vary; please check with your network provider which will provide details.

MAY 2011

Subsequent callers will hear the following message: “Thank you for phoning for an item within a Kelsey publication. That item has now been sold - please refer back to that publication for a similar item”.

• If the seller has notified Kelsey Publishing that the item has been sold then you, the buyer, will find that out very quickly without chasing or leaving messages for sellers to call you back. • If you hear an “invalid” message, then this means that the item is no longer for sale.

Call charges to 070 numbers are as follows: weekends 12.5p per minute, evenings (from 6pm) 25p per minute, peak times (8am to 6pm weekdays) 37p per minute. Charges commence as soon as the number is dialled. Charges from mobiles and other network providers may vary.



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Home Grown Tractor Arable and Hop farmer Tim Day has built his own tractor from scratch using many existing components

Leyland 270 Tractor Buyers Guide

Bernard Holloway advises on purchasing one of Britainâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s blue flyers


Rob Hawkins explains the procedures of changing the fuel filters on a New Holland T7040 96 PRACTICAL TRACTOR

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Deutz Engine Rebuild

Andy Selfe, our correspondent in South Africa starts a top-end rebuild of a Deutz powered Fendt fruit tractor

Chris Jaworski continues his series on refinishing the paintwork on a tractor MAY 2011

16/3/11 13:13:33

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by Andrew Hall


Currently it has never been easier to bring a relic back to life thanks to the variety of aftermarket spares suppliers

f somebody had said to me 25 years ago that the interest in agricultural tractors and associated equipment would be as great as it is today I would certainly not have believed them! Personally I have had a lifelong interest in the subject; some people may even say an obsessive one, having been brought up on a farm. However, ‘my obsession’ now appears to be shared with many other people! Like many, I like to refl ect on my early experiences and, as a result, have enthusiasm for the machiner y I first experienced. Consequently I have a small collection of tractors and equipment of the type I grew up with. Unfortunately, I don’t have as much time as I would like to do them all justice. Many of these machines have been bought or acquired as non-running relics and have been brought back to life at the most minimal cost possible. Many people approach me and often refer to the value of the machinery. My reply is not always what they expect to hear when I refer to the pleasure of owning and running them rather than what I might gain fi nancially if I sold them! The rise in interest in tractors and equipment has inevitably drawn a different calibre of collector on to the scene. If one refl ects on the events of the late 1980s and early ‘90s when a similar thing happened in the classic car movement, one can see a repeat of history to a degree.

Values In the case of classic cars, many people bought vehicles at highly inflated prices, particularly quality vehicles, in the hope that the market would continue rising. However, many were caught out when the recession bit in the early Nineties with values falling significantly. Twent y year s on sees a similar situation in the tractor market regarding values, but there are some differences to the situation of 20 years ago. In more recent times values of shares have fallen and many people have seen 98 PRACTICAL TRACTOR

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their portfolio diminish in value. This may have influenced them to invest in something that is more concrete and with which they can enjoy an association. Whatever the reason, tractor values have remained buoyant during the current economic climate.

Spares Some of this may be due to the prices of new machines being high and holding the second-hand market steadily high proportionately. This is certainly true for late classic machines capable of undertaking the same calibre of work as new machines. Regarding older vintage tractors the rise in values may be in part due to a wider availability of spare parts to restore them to their former glory. Currently it has never been easier to bring a relic back to life thanks to the variety of aftermarket spares suppliers. Obviously the cost of spares is not inconsiderable and this must reflect in the end value of a finished machine. One of my concerns is that the higher purchase prices of potential restoration projects preclude young persons with limited means from starting out in the hobby. Years ago there were many more machines to be sought at low starting prices than there are currently, so much more saving needs to be done prior to purchase. I hope the tractor market remains buoyant and doesn’t suffer the same way as the car market did years ago because currently there are many people reaping much pleasure from the ownership of their tractors and equipment and this supports a growing industry in supplying components. Currently there are more people than ever with an interest in tractors whether they have been associated all their lives by being involved in agriculture or have recently acquired property necessitating tractor use. Of course we mustn’t forget the traditional tractor collectors. Hopefully there will be something of interest in this magazine to anyone involved in the operation and maintenance of tractors and related equipment.

MAY 2011

16/3/11 14:29:07

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