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ARCHITECTURE DESIGN STUDIO AIR

PROGRESS JOURNAL JIAJIE ZHENG ELSIE


CONTENT

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1.CASE FOR INNOVATION

A.1 INTRODUCTION AND EXPERIENCE

A.2 ARCHITECTURE AS DISCOURSE

A.3 COMPUTATIONAL ARCHITECTURE

A.4 PARAMETRIC MODELING

A.5 DESIGN SKETCH AND CONCLUSION

2. EXPRESSION OF INTERESTS

B.1 DESIGN APPROACH

B.2. CASE STUDY 1

B.3.CASE STUDY 2

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B.4.TECHNIQUE DEVELOPMENT

B.5. TECHNIQUE PROTOTYPES B.6 .TECHNIQUE PROPOSAL

B.8.LEARNING OBJECTIVE AND OUTCOME

3. PROJECT PROPOSAL C.1 : DESIGN CONCEPT

C.2 GATEWAY PROJECT:TECTONIC ELEMENT

C.3 : GATEWAY PROJECT FINAL MODEL

C.5 :LEARNING OBJECTIVES AND OUTCOMES

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1.1. INTRODUCTION & EXPERIENCE

About me : This is Elsie, I am from china and this is my third year major in architecture, I did design studios before so I understand a lot of design process and approaches. I love travel, movies, photography and design. Traveling always bring me new inspirations and thoughts. I am also a part-time lover of fashion design.

In my first studio Earth, I used RHINO to make 3d model to do the final presentation. RHINO is good software but I found sometimes it’s a bit hard to control the form. The design process was interststing, I tried many way of triangulat conection in my design, i try to use the facade to represent the spatial experience, thats important in that project, experience is created by space and also tranformed by lighting,I tried to create the transformation of experience with impressive facade design.

Virtual environment is the first time I engaged with digital design.I learned RHINO ,INDESIGN etc in that course and it is really helpful. In that subject I found inspirartion from natural process and build concept model.the process of producing digital model in rhinoceros make me experienced NURBS model making and the plug-in paneling tool .2D and 3D fabrication and manufication techniques in last step really teach me a lot. The fabrication with paneling tool PLUG IN creates both 2d and 3d pattern for my final design work. However, the insufficient knowledge of digital techniques and software use limited the design process,the result of using paneling tool is good but lacks of flexbility of form making . Digital design really attracted me because it brings many possibilities when design a form, the complex geometric form can be easily realized and I believe it bring me more inspiration. I am fascinated with parametric design and I expected to learn more in Studio Air.I believe grasshopper can give me more chances to experience parametric world.The course also relates to architecture as discourse since it generates various selections under reality.

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figure source: personal work Head space in Virtual Environmetn

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1.2. ARCHITECTURE AS DISCOURSE

How to define architecture? Architecture design is the way to combine multi-fields and creates spatial experience for users. Schumacher believes, “capture& reconstructing the rationality of the existing architectural discourse rather than indulging in the construction of supposedly radical, new idea. “It is manifest that architecture needs to produce a system that motivates the surrounding context& society."The only consideration of form and space is not adequate due to architecture as a discourse. "Its open to everyone, its not for professional fields but public."(Yehuda E.)Its not an art work to represents architect’s personal visual vision, its a design inspirited from culture and urban context. Exploration of the site is the basis of designing the building, then develop the idea connect to concept and functional design, architecture acts as an essential role in social life and impact the way how people understand about the building. I believe architecture is defined by space and light, the experience that created by a building is important for users.it is also the information that architects try to express. Personally I prefer some buildings has simplistic form but with strong expression of space. People will be impressed if they can really feel. Therefore, Experience is another important aspect for architecture as discourse. Art is only an approach of architecture; architects are expected to create both dramatic form and space. Its spatial design, facade design, form making and experience etc. represented the aesthetic feeling of architecture design. Now time modern architecture is pursing the aesthetic on both facade and structure, they are interacted.

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The approach of social and political required architecture should represent the local culture and history, the building need to fit the site and create the urban space for users. Like many monuments, they act as a symbol of a city or sight spot. The good example is Metropol Parasol, in Seville, Spain. this impressive structure convinced a successful way of intergrating innovative architecture form with functuonal urban space. Architecture design is logical and comprehensive.it give people experience and visual impact. The allocation of form and functional use achieves its social status integrated with urban context. The parametric world will bring more opportunities and inspiration to architecture and this new type of design also arise discourse. Parametric design bring generation on both material and construction. This also connect to the brief of gateway project “The western gateway project should propose new, inspiring and brave ideas, to generate a new discourse.�

20 Bridges for Central Park_Aranda source:http://media-cache-ec7. pinterest.com

Iris Van Herpen: Crystallization.Source:http://www.dudecraft. com/2010/07/3d-printed-fashion.html

As a discourse, the trend of architecture influences the other designing fields. Since the digital technologies and parametric design became worldwide, scripting, geometrical and complexity issue are generated in architectural field, it also impact the evolution of fashion design such like the use of 3D printing, there are a number of architects corporate with fashion design to create parametric pattern and form with new materials recently. This influence may also cause more discourse on revolutionary digital design. In the modern society, people expect more on architecture. They want a functional and representative building with attractive and unique appearance. The continuous exploration of digital techniques employed to realize the more possibilities of architecture. It is the time that architecture as a universal language needs to adapt digital evolution.

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PRECEDENTS Metropol Parasol, Seville, Spain "The Metropol Parasol scheme with its impressive timber structures offers an archaeological museum, a farmers market, an elevated plaza, multiple bars and restaurants underneath and inside the parasols, as well as a panorama terrace on the very top of the parasols" (www.jmayerh. de/19-0-Metropol-Parasol.html).

it is one of the most creative constructions made with timber. The form of parasols imates the growing process of the site into a landmark, it also demonstrates a innovation relationship between the historical and the contemporary city.

This project shows the Use of Structural innovation to create space. Creating aesthetic structure to represent the form in innotive way. Way back to architecture as a discourse, Metropol Parasol as a new icon of Seville attracted many people to visit.it plays a representational role in t h i s c i t y. I t a l s o b e c a m e a place of identification and to articulate Seville's role as one of the world´s most fascinating cultural destinations. This innovative and modern form brought generative power and shows vistors the beauty of digital architecture. This contemporary organic design to explore the potential that the Plaza de la Encarnacion becomes the new and modernday urban center.

source :http://www.jmayerh.de/19-0-MetropolParasol.html

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Organic-form urban space provides various activities and performances to public. I believe public architecture do influence the way of understanding architecture.as a symbol of a city, it also brings innovative idea to this historical city. This impressive structure creates movement to the city center and transform the plaza become a place where both residents, visitors and tourists can gather under the ‘crown-like waffle’. This landmark architecture also indicted the trend of architectural design to all victors, digital design brings new energy to architecture. This new technology also impresses people . Mayer as architect of this project contains many art and sculpture elements in his architecture. He also deals with the human factor within a given space in each of his projects is very interesting; consideration of the function and user’s need is always a central point of architecture.in this project, Mayer makes it successful and also shows computerized design and construction can produce the complex sculptural-like shapes, with non-repeating elements and includes the interaction between human and space. Architecture is a discourse and makes many possibilities in one project .the complex form with humane function; impressive space experience shows the ay of interacting with urban and context. As a public project, the way of demonstrates the local culture and history is also important, digital technology makes all could happen.this can benefit the Gatesway project because it make me to conside more odf digital form and function.

source :http://www.jmayerh.de/19-0-Metropol-Parasol.html

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PRECEDENTS Tea House

Archi-Union Architects

Te a H o u s e i s l o c a t e d i n S h a n g h a i . i t i s constructed from the the origin of warehouse’s collapsed roof.the deign is fit the site’s n a t u ra l f e a t u r e s . “ T h e d e s i g n t r i e s t o embody harmony by integrating enclosure and openness, delightful space and logical construction and other complicated relations.” (www.dezeen.com).The plan layout indicates t h e l o g i c o f q u a d r i l a t e ra l s h a p e t h a t maximizing the inner space. The simplistic form and space is my favorite part of the design. Linear space with sudden changes into an expressive form, then transform into a tranquil space. he twisting inner space was designed by scripting in Grasshopper.the alogirithm design representes the complex part of this building. The space was designed to bring a new experience to an ordinary functional space. In this part of design I learn that parametric design priciples with such an advantages of designing the complex form that can creates an intersting spcae for users. I thought algorithms always use for design a complex façade, but now I learend that the successful spatial design is also can depands on parametric techniques.

http://www.dezeen.com/2012/03/09/tea-house-by-archi-union/

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The other aspect I love of this building is combination of the advanced digital design with local low-tech construction techniques. This curved shape can be recalculated by abstracting the structural skeleton through interlacing straight lines. “these lines were then formed into ruled surfaces filling the void. The spacing was set to the dimension of timber, thus the digital ‘setting out’ could be easily translated into a manually constructible.”(www.dezeen.com).The combination of digital design and lowtech manual construction provided a great opportunity to study the possibilities of digital architecture.

According to architecture as discourse, this building brought new experience and discourse for users; they can enjoy this comfortable designed space. The simple material use also concludes the parametric design inside the building. The combine of using digital techniques with traditional manufacture is an innovation for people. The room is arranged by twisting shape. The experience of creating various Illogical shape in digital way results in best decision of final form.

This project also inspired me the way of using digital tools needs to consider about the construction in practice. Digital modeling as a new way of architectural design can use on both exterior and interior space, is not only about facade or structure. Is also can be essential on creating space and experience.

http://www.dezeen.com/2012/03/09/tea-house-by-archi-union/

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1.3 COMPUTATIONAL DESIGN

“When architects have a sufficient understanding of algorithmic concepts, when we no longer need to discuss the digital as something different, then computation can become a true method of design for architecture.” - Yehuda E Computational architecture Computational architecture: logical way to solve problems accurately. It creates a very powerful symbiotic design system. computers will contribute their superb rational and search abilities to solve problems. Computation: performance with simulation. Its an important source of inspirations for architects. The recent development of digital design enables more possibilities in designing fields. Computational i n c l u d e s Pa r a m e t r i c m o d e l i n g and computational techniques, performance-driven design, and the communication and construction of complex geometry. Redefining the practice of between elements that constitute a specific computer they must be written in a language.

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Computation: Integration with Art form Computational way reflects the designer’s intellect and allows
us to capture not only the complexity of how to build a project, but also the multitude of parameters that are instrumental in a building’s formation. Computation allows better communication of performance. Algorithm as the method of capturing the design details and finds solution of complex geometrical world. Computation can interacted with intuitive and natural way to design forms.it is the way of exploring new possibilities and ideas.

Computation: Fabrication and construction Computation becomes more important not only in design process, but also construction. Complex from also require high techniques of structure system, computation as a significant innovation for construction bring more tools and ways to sole the structural issues.

digital art source: http://www.inspirefirst.com/2011/08/13/digitalart-jon-bailey/

As new design tools are developed to link the virtual design environment with the physical environment, architectural designers will increasingly have the capacity to explore building systems and building environments. Moreover, it also reflects changes in the building and its performance. Nowadays, I feel like architecture relies on Computational design techniques. The complexity of context condition and higher exception of architectural form requires accurate structural work are indicates this trend.Architecture needs better performance produced by computationl design. Gate way projects intent to design a project as an eye-catching symbol in public. Architectural form includes computational design with parametric techniques will be more attractive for people. This kind of form may cause discourse like: this innovative project is impressive and brings energy to Melbourne.

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PRECEDENTS The Way Of Allowing For New Possibilities Of Building Form.

The Museo Soumaya: The exterior form is a double-curved surface that represents the concept of the museum as a container for the work, it is also the elements of design responds to the nature. The final physical model was laser scanned to create窶ィa digital model and defines the design surface.

Through the surface design was refined early, the structural design, the way of how to physically making the faテァade in reality is time 窶田ostly. This projects use computational design on both surface and construction. the digital model also helps to ensure the structure could work to match the surface accurately. Simply speaking, computational design is a central part in construction design. The project is basis on computational design includes the design of the complex structure and also the parametric designing facades. The whole design process is critical. Computational design also helps to solve problems in design process to evaluate every elements fit the local surface conditions that requires the computational work to test and make decision.

Figure source:AD Special Issue: Computation Works: The Building of Algorithmic Thought .March/April 2013 Volume 83

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COMPUTATIONAL DESIGN OF FACADE

Figure source:AD Special Issue: Computation Works: The Building of Algorithmic Thought .March/April 2013 Volume 83

The computations design also test for the faรงade frames .the complicated geometry of structure acquire appropriate faรงade panels to support .the algorithm is easier to work out the problems. The essential aspect of faรงade is composed of hexagonal aluminum panels. The way of designing faรงade with construction is a difficulty of design work. "Each node of structure hole gravity of panels and its need accurate results"(AD volume 83), It relies on computational design. Curvature of surface requires geometry solution to stretch each panels to maintain the spacing of gap. The surface panels rely on digital technologies. Connect to Gateway project, I think this project reminds me the way of using computational techniques to test different design possibilities to match the best result in reality, it can evaluate the physical condition of spiting the joints of panels and give solutions to overcome the problems, it is very powerful tool in design, moreover, the use of computational design also make the geometrical form more accurate with aesthesis.it also benefits the structural aspect as well. The complex structure can be analyzed in an efficient way. Computer aided design is reliable to use in modern era, it is a important part of architecture discourse, more and more people accept it as a essential aspect of architectural world.

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PRECEDENTS MATHEMATICAL BASIS

The free-flowing form of the Arc Table, designed by Foster + Partners for Italian furniture manufacturer Molteni & C, was inspired by tensile fabric structures and emerged through computational experimentation with digital simulations. There are two Fundamental concepts: ergonomics and material efficiency. The design group explored computational design processes for the Arc Table through software to testing ideas. The software was engineered to form find towards an equilibrium state within a tensile structure under a set of forces and constraints acting on the input geometry finds an efficient path to indicates the approach of ‘embedded’ rational’. The continuous surface was divided into mesh elements and connected with nodes to simulating a membrane surface. In thi s experi ecnce the testing force to form is obvious .The material effect of the mesh fabric are also can be indicated through simulating software.

Figure source:AD Special Issue: Computation Works: The Building of Algorithmic Thought .March/April 2013 Volume 83

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In my point of view, The Arc Table design emerged through an intervention into how geometry behaves during simulation. It also can use in building design or installation design .The form finding process requires the visualization of geometry in various modes during real-time formation. Structural simulation can runs on initial geometry to test idea and generate mash work to reach equilibrium. "The level of complexity regards to material thicknesses, edge profiling and structural specifications requires the complex system to ensure accuracy"(AD volume 83). Computational techniques basis on mathematics is essential for architectural design. I think I will explore the way of using such simulation software in further works. The geometry can be controlled through adding, subtracting and manipulating forces to influence the simulation, rather than through direct manipulation. Forces and digital management of material dimension in computational design is efficient in design process . Moreover, Design intent and material logic are interacted in the digital model with the definition of mathematical rules. This level of accuracy is an important aspect of architecture discourse in computational design. computational design basis on mathmatic rule can solve many problems and as a simulating software to acheive a experiment .The structure of form can be influenced by this kind of simulation.

Figure source:AD Special Issue: Computation Works: The Building of Algorithmic Thought .March/April 2013 Volume 83

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1.4 PARAMETRIC MODELING "Parametric design is dynamic and definite. “

It is hard to define parameter architecture. Generative, computational, digital, computer aided, associative. Simply speaking, the design is interacting computer. The use of algorithms is likely to programming the design process. Parametric design often refers to controlled population of one or more elements within a defined space. It is a method of linking dimensions and variables to geometry in such a way that when the values change, the part changes as well. So it is easy to make changes in parameter design process. moreover, the possibility of generation are more various. Sometimes unexpected result may be your final decision for your design. It also can connect to the Gateway Project to produce creativity.

http://www.s-t-m.jp/work_airspace_tokyo

Generation of solutions Current parametric design generates many possible solutions during modeling and design process, but in the final stage, only allows users to choose one solution to develop. This thesis demonstrates a design strategy for physical parametric design that embeds knowledge from simulation tools and helps parametric design still keep variations after final model. This thesis begins with an introduction of theory and practices of current parametric design and clarifies the connections between its methods and physical parametric design. Then a few new concepts and prototypes are proposed, and physical parametric designs are demonstrated. Woodbury said “Mathematic as basis of parametric design to provide strategies.” The system needs write algorithms to make design. Some software like “Simulation software” based on real mathematical formulas allows the user to observe an operation through simulation without actually performing that operation. Developments in computer programming and scripting to facilitate a wide range of detailed structural tiling and patterning sequences. Transformation of aesthetics. As architects clamed to adjust their aesthetic sensibilities to the qualities and sensations inherent to these newly emerging, computer-designed images and forms. Tessellated patterning systems soon became fundamental to structuring complex organic forms, and complementary aesthetic theories on ornament, decoration, and elegance began to dominate architectural discourses. An interesting word”simplexity” introduced by Burry. “simplexity i describes the emergency of simplicity out of intricate and complex sets of rules. The increasing trend in architecture to exploit the ability of algorithmic design to produce complex forms by implementing relatively simple and easy formulas.” Scripts can create varied ornamental structures or purely decorative, maybe “skin deep” motifs. Faulders Studio and CCA described, developed, and published these scripting procedures in their Tooling of screen façade for Studio M’s Airspace Tokyo of 2007 in history. The patterns of façade came from natural elements indicated new techniques in architecture and brought energy to locality.

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Parametric design is not only about creating visual impression “Mathematical parametricism and algorithmic procedures most often have proven far too rigid to productively engage the complex cultural, societal, economic, and political projects facing architects today" (Woodbury, Robert). Designing buildings and cities using parametric and scripting design tools may often appear visually stunning, but for the most part these designs tend to incorporate far too many blind assumptions to be able to respond with nuance to real world situations. However, like Toyo Ito did in Taichung Metropolitan Opera House, parametric design should combine the urban context, experience and functions into design, architects need to define a space rather than creating visual impression. Though parametricism is a trend, architectures requires own identity, people don’t expect to see copy works everywhere. Toyo Ito states “Architecture has to follow the diversity of society, and has to reflect that a simple square or cube can't contain that diversity.” Architecture work should follow the urban identity to become distinctive. Parametric design as a useful tool will benefit every step of design to achieve an expected and accurate work. Summary In fact parametric design is in every part of our life. Parametric design and modeling can be considered as a process which starts with defining a boundary of similar models to compose a collection and to parameterize the parameters. however, parametric design only allow changes on the level of parameters and constraints to compose a family of design instances which are eventually similar, thus the limitations of transformation on the level of topology and geometry will be remained in parametric design.some problems such like Weisberg states the “front loading “ may happen, and one element may be able to cause the major change of the design.conversly, parametric design procedure provides architects a powerful and innovative method to immediately compose a parameterized schema uses for design explorations. parametricism as a new generation of architecture cause discourse . I would like to say that it is a progress of architecture, it’s a new design language and allows flexible transformation to overcome difficulties. The gateway design can be eye-attractive by using parametric technique.

INSIDE OUTSIDE TREE BY FUJIMOTO .source:http://www.iainclaridge.co.uk/blog/2791

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PRECEDENTS Toyo Ito is the winner of the architecture competition for the Opera House to build in Taichung, Taiwan.The Irregular geometries give the structure a continuous fluidity and reflects the idea of theatrical arts. This project is an innovation for operas design. The space design uses parametric techniques. The spatial complexity is based on a few simple geometric rules. A membrane between two surfaces is divided into two zones. The repeated process creates two horizontally and vertically continuous spaces emerge between this one continuous membrane. We can see the fluidity of curvilinear form. This fluidity also follows in the interior space.

"The Taichung Metropolitan O p e r a b y To y o I t o i s a n architecture that is architecture that strives to be many thingsarchitecture being only one of these things. One surface is simultaneously floor, wall, ceiling, roof, structure..."

Toyo Ito Associates

SOURCE:Toyo Ito Associates website

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I am impressed by the flexible spatial design, since the underlying geometric grid is locally transformed while maintaining its global integrity In order to accommodate the spatial and volumetric needs. Personally speaking, parametric design includes in every part of this building, the opens structure demonstrates the form is also a part of exterior surface, the void acts as access points or openings integrated nature surroundings with the b u i l d i n g i t s e l f a n d a c t i va t e u r b a n c o n t e x t . Pa r a m e t r i c design is a basis of the design ,a number of adjustments of curves were experienced to get a final form. The whole design still follows the brief to provide every functional space for performances. I really inspired by this kind of spatial design with flexibility. The form makes people feel the infinite possibilities of this project. SOURCE:Toyo Ito Associates website

Arc Wall Structure System requires innovative materials and construction techniques. The precise consideration of construction work is necessary. Way back to my future gateway project, the parametric modeling may helps to design a structure, but the manufacture of project needs more considerations. This flexible form also interacted perfectly with site. Taichung Metropolitan Opera House Located in a park, the interior connects seamlessly with the outside, merging with the surrounding park and creating a place of communication between people.
the networks of water and greenery continue in the park integrating the building of urban surroundings. This kind of networks are similar to a structural model of Taichung City itself. This ideal plan will make opera became cultural identity of the city. It not only represent the parametric world of architecture, it’s also a representation of culture and society. When we thinking of the form, surface and surrounding, we can feel more than architecture. Toyo Ito created something about new direction and exception in architecture.

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PRECEDENTS SAGRADA FAMILIA: PARAMETRIC DESIGN AS A PART OF ANALYSIS PROCESS

Sagrada familia is the most distinctive project in parametric term.the whole restoration works are based on parametric design to generate the complex orders and forms fromGaudi's work. This amazing building was designed by Gaudi between 1883 and 1926. But this building would not be finished in his lifetime. Actually I went to Barcelona this year and had a chance to see the real work. source by Elsie Zheng photography

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This architecture really impressed me, every surface of the Sagrada Familia is telling a story. I’m grasping the enormity of his artistic vision which is capable of revealing the scaled references to internal connects within cells, the enormous vector of gravity, the relation of cells and the forms of columns all describes the marvelous geometry world. Gaudi spent two years to develop a strategy methodology for the generation of columns. He found unique language to generate a complex forms via a simple geometrical rule taking benefit from nature and most specifically organic growth of plants. That’s a unprecedented idea indicated the parametric elements has a further influence on future generations.

source by Elsie Zheng photography

The work of temple is still continuing and the work process concludes a large amounts of research to support design procedures and use parametric design to build models of original design. Parametric design procedure produces the order of two twisted columns interacted called “columns of four”. “This process was the same as a Boolean operation which is well known in a modern computing”(Gomez et al., 1996). Rectangular knot are also generated in parametric process. Parametric design shows the Powerful capability of this procedure to generate all kinds of columns in the Sagrada Familia utilizing topological and geometrical transformations of the initial shapes. Moreover, parametric design certainly can ensure a good result and faster than traditional methods. Digitalized models can be built and improved to seek a perfect match with Gaudi’s design. This brings a flexibility in the process of design exploration as well as a powerful ability of encapsulating which allows to integrate a complex design solution.

parametric procedue of clerestory windows and roof

Parametric design makes remaining work of Sagrada familia become possible, As for architecture discourse, Parametric models have the general purpose of providing a frame work for high-level manipulation of geometrical components that perform. Real time feedback also can be received essentially due to the change of conditions. People are expected to widely use this powerful tool in future design works.

source:http://sagradafamilia.sial.rmit.edu.au/Past_Work/Clerestory_ Window.php

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ALGORITHM EXPLORATION After the weeks of learning grasshopper. I think I found a basic way to understand the whole process.I can use grasshopper to create various shapes and adjust the form by adjusting the sliding bar to controls the amounts ot points, I found the process is intersting . Design in Algorithm is new for me, though I just start modeling. I think it’s powerful. As a designing tool, the mathematic orders help to solve problems and provide random range of to make changes. Initial form is really important in parametric design, so I always design a form in mind then try to produce it in digital way. Sometimes digital ways can completely change the design such like when I use graphs section profiles, the change of graphs influence the whole design form, but it is the point of generating possibilities and potentials. I have learned the basic lofting, extruding, divide curves and surface to get complex forms, box morphing, dispatch, cull, Fields, voronoi, grid shells, image sampling, evaluating and produce simple patterns. I understand the parametric design practically and I look forward to learn more to generate distinctive geometries. The first work is the vase .I loft the basic form and use box morph and dispatch to produce the various façade. The Second is the work of chairs .I use the way from "loft" and "grid shell " tutorials to genrate the design.

sketch 1

sketch 2

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OUTCOME:

sketch 2:A

sketch 2:B

I also generate 3 different forms in various algorithms basis on the initial loft surface.I use divide surface, circles and move to get the first form, the econd one use box mophor with faltern.The final one I generate the structure shell as a aprt of form . The concept of the chair is creating free-way seats for people.Both two side with curved surface procides users a comfortable angle to sit on.chilren can climb or sleep on the chair. The process relects the flexibility of GH use ,I can control the form by points and gernerate variety to create unexpected result.

sketch 2:C

If I learned parametric modeling before, it would be helpful in my previous studio work. I used rhino in my first studio EARTH. The design with 3D façade was difficulty to me since I want irregular triangles to influence the experience of space transformation. I used T-spline but for now, it is much easier to design with grasshopper. Parametric design is flexible and powerful in form –making. Though I have limited knowledge now, I will spend more time on this software.

After the weeks of learning grasshopper as modeling tool .I think I'll use it to design the gateway project .try to make a fluid form to follow the changes and act as a public attraction to represents the local culture.

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CONCLUSION:

Parametric architecture is an universal trend .an increasding number of designers use the techniques in their design process.based on coputational techniques, parametric modeling is powerful and accurate in both structure and design aspects. Innovative architecturees with impressive forms always cause discourse,more and more parametric projects bring energy and creation in local field and represents the distinctive cultural and social meanings like Metropol Parasol in Seville and Taichung Metropolitan Opera designed by Toyo Ito. They all have attractive form and innovative structure systems.Some projects shows the tellents of construction and material design .computational architetcure under the use of some softwares can evaluate the possible conditions in reality, moreover, algorithm based on mathmatic orders ensure the accuracy and give various solutions to the design. Computational design isa flexible tools for architects, they are non-deterministic in whole process,initial forms are form designers and genertate the result after analysis. Architecture should be identified; Parametric design procedure can overcome the geometrical and topological restrictions by allowing the changes of initial forms. Gateway project introduces the situationm briefly . Parametric and scripting system may used to generate a structure-efficient project with cultural identity in urban space. My possible design approach of Gateway project can be based on geometry,it can be innovative in future design bcause of the infinite possibilities in algorithms ,the imitation of urban morphplpgy can be represented graphly in grasshopper and create the attribution of basic shape. The form is flexible under the control of numbers and generate various forms,geometry is a basic element of form, the transformation of geometry can produce different patterns also space.the geometric relationship is better relates between its elements to create complex form. Gateway project should basis on parametric design process to use digital techniques. Form making should according to context exploration and surrounding. Computational Software can analyze the context and to link the information inside design. It is helpful to evaluate the environmental condition. Digital techniques also can be used on structural design and practical manufacture .it is important to solve the problems within the use of parametric design in our further design work. The control of the form will benefit the design process in Gateway project. My excepted design should indicate the ideas of form, function and aesthetics. I want to use Simple geometry based on some complex algorithm to create innovative form. The project can remarks the cultural or urban importance of the region .it supposed to interact the surrounding to an entirety and lead people to experience the way of belonging.

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PART B .EOI 2: BIOMIMICRY BIOMIMICRY

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"Biomorphic design might take on a new signify if instead of ignorantly copying the shapes of animals and plants. We were to acknowledge that biomimetic teaches that shape is the most important parameters of all." --AD : PROTOCELL ARCHITECTURE

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B1 .DESIGN APPROACH BIOMIMICRY what is Biomimicry:

Biomimicry means the examination of nature. We take inspiration from nature's best ideas and then imitate these designs and processes to solve human problems. In fact our group's initial approach is Geometry , but when we get deeper understanding of parametric design, we changed our idea to Biomimicry ,the gateway project should be a comprehend idea to identify a network, biomimicry is a tool to shape this kind of complexity .Patterning, geometry and structure are basic element in a biomimicry project, this is a challange for our group.

How is our Gateway design benefited from Biomimicry: 1. Structural aspect Efficient structure comes form the idea of nature process. Nature selection can be an interesting aspect to consider due to the adaption, we want to use the adaption structure because it will be more stable due to the process of selection, moreover, it means the adaption of multi- culture of site 2.Performance of architecture: Advantages of using biomorphic mineralization: produce structural reassembly natural living organisms, inspired by bio-structure for mineralization.It is an efficient and ecological way for designing a city project. Eg: voussoir Cloud (mimicking cellular structures of self-organization).

3.Eye-catching and symbolic Build the connection with site; interacted with history and natural features of the site, we want to create the eye-catching project that can become a symbolic installation .the icon of wyndham city. 4.Experience: inspired by nature and create an atmosphere to people to feel that complexity , the unique system can provides special lighting & spatial experience by some hollows /gap imating directly from natural system.

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"You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing Model obsolete." Richard BUCKMINSTER FULLER

fig: first exploration of difference & logic

The first attempt of my own parametric definition is to create the branches form follow the logic of nature,which can indicates the variey of possiblities & variety in orders

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research of bio genational processes

RECURSIVE ARCHITECTURE

self- similarity with random / various scales self-genration

fig:http://tvmny.blogspot.com.au/2008_02_01_ archive.html

CELLULAR ARCHITECTURE

generation system self-orgnization adaption complexity spatial lattice of frames efficient connectional joints

fig:http://www.oobject.com/?p=4862

AUTOMATA ARCHITECTURE

efficiency self- generation complexity

fig:http://object-e.blogspot.com.au/2009/05/

FRACTAL ARCHITECTURE

self- copy with gradual scales. self genration complexity

fig: http://www.meyersound.com/news/2008/ the_morning_line/

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GENERATION SELF - ORGNIZATION ADAPTION AN INTERACTIVE ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH BASED ON NETWORK SYSTEM OF BIOME

WHAT WE WANT TO ACHIEVE: In our gateway project, we intend to design a form that can represent the local culture and society. The form can like “grow from the site “ –to give people the feeling of generation and also represents the surrounding natural features, moreover, not only the form the spatial relationship should provide the strong connection with site. An eye-catching gateway project in princess highway to atttract people, it will provide new feelings to people of the generating site, the increasing population, the culture identity, the dramatic natural features should be represented in our project. The project should use evolutionary form to indicate an idea of Interactive architecture that people can really be envolved in.

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SELF-ORGNIZATION

Fig: flowers at different stages of growth.(AD v74)

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Self-organisation ďźš The process that internal organisation of a system adjusted automatically without being influenced by an external source. It is essencial for biological systems, from subcellular to ecosystems. Self-organising systems indicates the emergent properties and enable to form a number of complex behaviours in bio- system . "Emergent properties arise when a complex system reaches a combined threshold of diversity, organisation and connectivity." (AD magazine v74) in our Gateway design, we would like to design a system of "selforgnization" to show this flexibility and adaption in the project. it will allow some emergency propeties that imfluence our form , this is of the way we find variety of processes of formations to achieve a "living project" to a complex form.

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PRECEDENTS

ICD/ITKE RESEARCH PAVILION 2011

fig : http://icd.uni-stuttgart.de/?p=6553

The sea urchin’s plate skeleton morphology shows the use of modular system of polygonal plates, the joints are connected at the edges by finger-like calcite protrusions. The finger-joints as connection parts are really impressed our group, this connection seems fitted the whole structure. Plate edges always meet together at just one point, which enables the transmission of normal and shear forces without the bending moments between the joints. on the surface of pavilion, we can see the design of modular system. The geometric differentiation and fabricated finger joint provides a high degree of adaptability and performance.

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BALANCE

GENERATION ADAPTION HARMONY

Site Identities Motion & Dynamic to show Speed Atmospheres for various time Spatial experience lighting & shadows

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B2. CASE STUDY 1:

THE MORNING LINE Aranda\Lasch

HOLO-TECTONIC SYSTEM. INFINITELY SELF-SCALING INTERACTIVE SYSTEM

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Fig: http://www.meyersound.com/news/2008/the_morning_line/

FORM OUR CASE STUDY,WE LEARN THE BASIC SHAPE OF FRACTALS. Fractals can be an inspiration of our gateway design .not only the form, the basic structure frame can come directly from the shape. The repeat of self-similarity pieces with different scales can indicated the growth and development of local culture. The details can combine with various nat ural as pec t s like c ellul ar o r voronoi to create an eye-catching form. The form come from nature also can demonstrate the urban characteristic of “Growth. The culture content also can be indicated by the performance .the pattern design influence the lights and shadows. The reaction to environment also can be a innovative aspect can be considered, The whole design is not only an art piece to public, it is also a project integrate with nature and describe the beauty of surrounding nature.

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MATRIX

MATRIX FROM CASE STUDY 1 LAST WEEK

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FURTHER THINKING: -THE IDEA OF REFORM , GENERATE WITH SELF-COPY PROCESS -THE DEVELOPMENT OF HOW PARTS GET TEGETHER TO BECOME FINAL FORM. -THE WAY OF PRODUCING COMPLEXITY

Exploration with different forms

the intergration with changed angles to produce more possibilities

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B3. CASE STUDY 2

fig : http://designplaygrounds.com/deviants/clj02-za11-pavilion/

In this case study we choose ZA 11 as our precedent to make reverse engineering, it is a interesting project that parts definite some spaces for people the hexagonal form extrude to central point and split with a small scale boundary.

Function:public pavilion Attracting people to the event, provides sheltered space Integrate with historical context. Free form ring: subdivided into deep hexagons. shows the advanced use of parametric design, geometry generation to embody the spectacular form. Fabrication: logical & actual fabrication using CNC milling. Using extrude technique to form a faรงade while creating flexible space. The whole form based on hexagonal shapes with the generation into 3d form to be more functional.

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fig : http://designplaygrounds.com/deviants/clj02-za11-pavilion/

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B4. TECHNIQUE DEVELOPMENT

REVERSE ENGINEERING

lines

lines :change in numbers

2 layers of hexagonal structures think about the way of connection to generate the form

extrude to z direction

opposite-direction extrude to point

process of building forms 43


EXTRUDE

LOFT

TO CR HEXA GRID FIND CENTRAL PT

SCALE TO SPLIT

SPLIT BY SCALED CURVE

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FORMS WITH CREATIVE TEST

ORINGINAL FORM

INNER POLYGONS SUBDIVISION

FRAME

LINE

SPHERE

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MATRIX

change in heights

Uďźš7 V: 14

U:3 V:11

U:2 V:80

U:7 V:68

U:10 V:80

U:5 V:27

U:4 V:19

U:4 V:80

U:8 V:80

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BASIC SHAPE: RECTANGULAR

HEXA

DIAMOND

CROSSING(CUSTOMER)

U :30 V:30 S:0.6

U:5 V:30 S:0.6

U:7 V:30 S:0.6

U:3 V: 12 S: 0.6

U:3 V: 20 S:0.6

U:3 V:32 S:0.6

U: 3 V:40 S:0.6

U:3 V:50 S:0.6

U:3 V:32 S:0.3

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SURFACE GRID

SURFACE SHADING

SURFACE EXTRUDE

SURFACE EXTRUDE(BETTER ON PLAIN SURFACE)

experience with Kangaroo: tensile force

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MORE MATRIX EXPLORATION:

We a r e t r y i g t o f i g u r e out the difference that nature process of cells can create. the irrgular and random dividing and reunion process may happen , so we try this grasshopper definition to see what going on . the random arrangements are interesting but it cannot change the basic grid of hexagons, so we decide to make more work further.

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Customer hexa patterning on surface:shows density and forms realtionship

extruding to various height.

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MATRIX SELECTION:

The idea shape of hexagons depends on the number of U & V to achieve balance

The pattering : use dispatch to create variety to the form

extruding with different height ,should under the control to indicate the regularity and logic ,can be connected with "diapatch"

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B5. TECHNIQUE PROTOTYPES

FABRICATION: connect :Joints angle: 120 size :1mm/ 2mm

THINKING OF JOINTS

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RESEARCH: JOINTS ILEK honeycomb MDF structure.

http://www.dezeen.com/2009/05/20/3d2real-by-ilekstudents/

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ICD/ITKE RESEARCH PAVILION 2011

fig :http://icd.uni-stuttgart.de/?p=6553

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FABRICATION PROCESS

1st way: simply unroll

2nd way:scaled down with joints

fig : fablab file 55


FABRICATION PROCESS

1st way: simply unroll

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2nd way:scaled down with joints

the fabrication experience make our group to think about the connection of structure .we try 2 different ways of fabrication and get various forms here. the fabrication variety also can be used in Gateway project .

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further thinking: Extrude to central point: Fucus sights Extrude to many points -more possibilties -multi focus points

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B6 .TECHNIQUE PROPOSAL

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concept:

DEMONSTRATE THE NETWORK OF NATURE AND SOCIETY INSPIRED BY CELLULAR SYSTEM TO MIMICK A GENERATING PROCESS

fig : cellular system

http://learnmem.cshlp.org/

content/14/12/816/F1.expansion

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PROCESS OF GENERATION:

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PRECEDENT

Voussoir Cloud

fig : http://www.plataformaarquitectura.cl

Voussoir Cloud is the project that exploring its forms and structure under the natural influence such as the expressing compression force through the vaulting shape. Adaptative form under natural force can be related back to our approaches of bimolecular system. Each elements of curvy triangular shape is sitting between for forming to produce the different profiles of the curve edges at various point to express its compressive forms. Visually, the different density of the groups creates the various combinations of geometries and structural effect. As for structyral aspect, the merging faces at the edges of curvy geometry creates smooth bending motion of the vault and vital effect of waving lines.

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DESIGN DIAGRAM:

CELLULAR SYSTEM. -MOLECULAR-->STRUCTURE -AGGREGATION-->FORM -ADAPTION-->PERFORMANCE

polymerization

Sructure

selforganization

generation

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-GENERATION -DYNAMIC -EXPERIENCE -REPRESENTATION

COMPLEX SYSTEM OF GROWTH

Performance:

Normal

dense direction change divison

Aggregation:

Aggregation analysis: Emergency system -> Random of cellular system. Potencial possibilities under different conditions. Aggregation process of creating forms with different angles and position

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SELF-ORGNIZATION & ADAPTVE FORM

stable suspension

unstable suspensipn

attracting points test to show the changes

hexagonal basic shape

circular basic shpes

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Design prototype: Creating a complex network or the society of bimolecular cells and how the system would be adaptor to the certain changes RESEARCH PROJECTS OF GH

DLA’s Project

http://subsetsystem.blogspot.com.au/2010_11_01_archive.html )

studio DLA’s explorations that use point attractor as a tool to create variations in three aspects, scale of base pattern and overall performance of the texture of design project.

firstly creating variation on hexagonal base plane by using the point attractor definition.

creating different height of extrusion on the surface again with the point attractor.

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MATRIX:

point change

graph mapper change

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influence figure change

3D VIEW

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REFLECTION ON WEEK 5 READING “Architecture needs mechanisms that allows it to become connected to cu lture.”. Moussavi& Farshid

THE FUNCTION OD ORNAMENTS Architecture needs to build Affect and sensation to public. The experience is extremely important of one project, in our gate way project, we want to design a installation that provides people special experience, they can feel the way of innovation and energetic of the gateway, ornaments also acts as a tool of communication in society “the way of how architecture express itself is essential doe contributes to urban setting”Moussavi& Farshid), the gateway project need to fit the site and can control the possible conditions. Our group focus on biomimicry and try to create a complex system to reflect the characteristic of the urban setting, the spatial experience and eye-catching- form, we intent to explore the relationship of these aspects and pick up the essence to form our basic shape visually. Surface: dynamic & adaptive idea to create experimental skin of performance of architecture, materialization can impact the crafted effect; the use of innovative material can also be an attraction. It is possible to realize materialization on complex geometric forms. “Mutability of materials is also recognized as a design opportunity. The capacity of materials to transform
and change over time.”(Kolarevic, Branko and Kevin R. Klinger) architecture tends to looking for inspiration from nature to discover new material can responds dynamically to changing environment. The mimicking of patterned or structural skin is not enough, the performance of skin is also important “forms follow performance” is an interesting idea and can refer to biomimicry. Material effect: can influence sensation of people also can evoke the meanings.

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DIAGRAM:

EXTRUDE TO MULTI- POINTS TO FORM A NETWORK OF SITE

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Grasshopper Definition:

basic hexagonal grid with attracting pts

polylines on new pts

more possibhilities with graph mapper

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form changed by 2 attracting points (influenced by GRAVITY)

use the curve to imfluence and cause the every differnt heights of the extruding to points

Meet at central pts. Like a meeting point, shows the tendency of generation and c o n n e c t i o n o f w y n d a m c i ty, shows the idea of the connection with the city to enhance the existing of the gateway project.

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final form

Surface extruding development:

POLYMERLIZING ORDER:

POLYMERIZATION A-B-A

A-A-A-B-B-B

DIFFERENT COMBINATION OF POLYMER PARTS

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FRAME

MARTERIAL : SOLID

MARTERIAL: CLEAR

Umbrella -shape Gateway -eye-attractive -generative form SIGHT

A-B-A

A-A-A-B-B-B

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FINAL MODEL

DETAIL OF MODEL

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EXPERIENCE:

- SPATIAL EXPERIENCE WITH MOVING SPEED -LIGHTING EFFECT (SHADOWS) -FEELING OF GENERATION -EXPRESSION -DYNAMIC FORM

Light & shadow effect

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Fabrication 1: paper model material : box card 2:hanging idea material :perspex 3:structure: frame:

1st way of fabrication :card model

1st way of fabrication :card model

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Failed joints design: every parts in diffenent angles so the 120 is not fiited.cannot connect with joints

2nd way : perspex model

fig :http://workshopsfactory.wordpress.com/ category/digital-fabrication/

2nd way of fabrication: perspex model

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B8: LEARNING OBJECTIVE AND OUTCOME

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Feedback: Out tutors, guest and lecturer are there for our presentation, they got many useful ideas for our further design, the mimicking of natural is not that clear in our design, we tried to design living and self- organization system but we just represent the idea of polymerzation on surface .Our idea of cellular architecture includes many elements like polymerization, emergency system, aggregation.We should considered more carefully and go back to rethink our design process, maybe just pick up the most 2 essential one in our final design. Moreover, we should consider about the form of benefit, to what extent the bio- form can benefit our design.

Self-conclusion: We should go back to rethink our design process, Umbrella – structure may not the best idea for gateway design. We got a lot of exploration of our grasshopper modeling and testing, its not easy for us to control the software so we may be consider too much of what we can achieve before the design, we spend a lot of time on archiving a form, the more research and deep consideration of design ideas are needed. The most important thing is to consider about the selfsupport structure, the connection of the model is essential in our design since we want to achieve a self- origination and adaption, modular system and changes can show the generation. The idea of “ growing from the site� should be more persuasive . The most two important idea : "generation" & "adaption "should be demonstrated in a more clear way. further develop with 2-points attrator + extruding idea from case study 2 .

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SITE CONDITION: Potential area of design :

Trim back to the characteristics of cellular generation process: -Points attrating : focus points on site. -Elongated form: more stable in structure,fit the site context -Molecular structure: joints is key points to maintain the inner –balance. -----> Basic shape can develop into 3D form & Form should follows cellular logic structure.

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what kind of EXPERIENCE we want to achieve ? the feeling of generation : high speed site condition lighting growing form.

Visual effect

changes in scale : create different visual experience

potential development different layers -->find joints-- mimick cellular system in 3D way with visual fact. 84


INDIVIDUAL GRASSHOPPER EXPLORATION

basic shape extrude to brep

Voronoi in pop 3D to generate basic grid inner & outer mesh merge toghther new mesh in 3d way ---> shows the cellular generation in complex way , but edges of smooth surface is only achieved by 3D Printing,so more consideration of structural & connection aspect.

mesh reduced to polylines

Our design is better without smooth surface /edges

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EOI PART 3 PROJECT PROPOSAL

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"...From so simply a beginning endless forms, most beautiful and wonderful ,have been and being evolved. " -Charles Darwin

87


C.1 : DESIGN CONCEPT

From the mid- term crit, we reviewed the suggestions and started to think about the refinement of our design. As for the interests with biomimicry, the most important thing is to mimic a bio – system, learn the beneficial structure to design something intelligent, our design is more like a “surface “ without a close connection with cellular- structure. what we need: -Volume of form - Self- support structure -Appropriate interaction with site context -Surprising experience to users

points from site : attracting pts

reform imfluenced by attracting points

exstruding influenced by curve (site border)

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WYNDHAM CITY FEATURES

STAGE 1:

NATUREAL FEATURE

CULTURAL IDENTITY:

Cell Aggregation

Urban Development & Population Growth

Connect to Biomimicry:

STAGE 2: Related to Experience:

EYE-CATCHING FORM& SPATIAL EXPLORATION --Light & shadows --Volumetric performance

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SITE ANALYSIS

The figure of hexagnal grid shows the growing trend of Wyndham city.it can be represented by the cell aggregation process of the form. .Our design focus on the visual experience of a "growing " gateway to demonstrate a city growth. interactive architecture : make users experiencing the growth while participating into the architecture itself.

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AGGREGATION

-Incresing Population -Booming Urban Development Grouping cells into network ----- Hexgon Grid

CELLULAR STRUCTURE

CITY GROWTH

ADAPTION -Grouping Together for the Better Perfomance - Sacrified in shapes Adapted Hexagon into certain forms

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THE CONCEPT

The gateway project should be iconic that reflects the natural features and cultural identity of Wyndham City. As an eye-catching installation, it creates visual awareness for those who are traveling through the area. Refer to the biomimcry approaches project: the form consists with individual cells and reveals a natural process of cell aggregation, to symbolize population growth and urban development.In addition,the interactive structures of cells that engaged with the growing, adaptive forms and provided spatial exploration. Our idea is inspired by the cellular structure which contains 2 main characteristics: aggregation and adaption. The aggregation of structure is demonstrated by grouping individual members of cells together symbolizing the booming urban environment and growing population. Adaption is expressed by the form which the grid is addressed on an undulating curve. Beneath the structure ,we intended to arrange the experience in order to establish a sense of volume for the individual members. the hexagon grid can represent cellular structure due to the spatial efficiency .Therefore hexagon grid could perfectly express the adaptive cellular shape within the network and growing forms of social network. The attracting points idea is applied to allow the shapes to be deformed and adaptive. Vertically, we introduced the arched form, which can produce the visual experience under the overhead structure. And along the side, it is stretched to an extensive form that maximizes the street view on the other side.

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General form extracted from site context.

Form Development by Changing View

Genral Form is Established According to the Site

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To Wyndham

To city

To Geelong

INTERSACTION POINT OF 2 HIGHWAYS ARROW : DRIVERS' VIEW

According to the site the appropriated location for the project is found marked between two major highway paths. One is entrance point to Wyndham city, the other is access from the Geelong to city. So the project is addressed at intersection point between highways to mark the entering of new area. Form of building is stretched so the drivers on the both side of road could observe the structure.

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GATEWAY

ARC "GATEWAY"

EXTENSION

FORM

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Attracting points - adaptive form

Basic grid

imfluenced by Attracting points

The best Location of attracting points

96


The other possibilities of points location

2 pointed too splited ,the form is too rigid

2 points at same direction that makes form too regular

the distribution of points makes the form uncontrolled

Refined surface based on site context

hexa grid on basic surface

97


What is lacking in our design is

ďź? VOLUME

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From ZA 11 Pavilion

In our case study 2 ZA 11 pavilion, we learned the extruding to central points idea can create innovative and interesting structure, we tried to applied the same theory in our design, the outcome is not satisfied, the model looks inflexible and lacks “volume�. We started to think how to create the volume to cell structure.

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PRECEDENT

C o n s t r u c t i ve Geometry Pavilion 2011/12

http://www.suckerpunchdaily.com/2012/08/09/ constructive-geometry-pavilion/

the design proposal based on a honeycomb structure ,the inside of form covered by perforated panels. The form with hexagonal structure indicates its stability of structure. The structure also enhance the volume of form.The design reveals geometric adaption; both the form and the panels’ openings are parametrically controlled according to a specific orientation defined by the user, which can be related with environmental concerns such like lighting and ventilation .

100


PRECEDENT

http://www.architectmagazine.com/fabrication/2010-rdwards-shadow-pavilion.aspx

101


structure with lighting experience Shadow pavilion

A temporary experimental installation inspired by organic model. The form explores the paradox of a perforated structure where the removal of material makes a structure lighter and weaker. The cones will act to funnel light and sound to the interior space, offering visitors a space to take in the views and sounds of the surrounding landscape. The organizational schemes for the cones are explored including the logic behind the concept of phyllotaxis. It frames the vista for visitors while providing both shade and a visual destination that orients people to the viewpoint. The Individual item of “funnel� form can focus lights of interior to generate lighting and spatial experience to users.

102


How to design the optimal " volume" ?

Greek geometricians Euclid and Zenodorus found that the hexagon shape makes most efficient use of space and building materials.

103


THE OPTIMAL CELL STRUCTURE - Provides " volume" to the form - Self - supporting structure

104


hexagons were then extruded vertically to make a binding surface. The extruded geometry can create the structure that each members of cell could holding each other into a compressive form.

105


smooth surface

Self- supporting Structure

106


LIGHTING CASE STUDIES

Shadow pavilion Direction of focusing points to extrude

The "funnel " like form to focus lights

honeycomb morphologies

interior lofting with various height to create surprising experience

Hexigloo pavilion

107


Light: focusing effect Focusing Line: Highway Create logic funnel-like form, which filtering light to the interior space

108


Fucusing line as loft direction : The high way

Dispatch A:

Dispatch B :

109


Interior: Dispatch A&B to create variety

A: height 2.0

the Inside of our form is defined by light

B:height 1.2

110


The shade with honeycomb structure to generate a special form emerges beauty by light.

111


The main interest was focused on the interior space being articulated by cone like funnels, filtering light to the interior space. This contrast between the smooth exterior and the intricate interior displays a surprising moment when entering the structure.

112


FINAL FORM

113


SURFACE : SMOOTH REFLECTS THE RELATIONSHIP WITH SITE

HEXAGONAL STRUCTURE : STABLE STRUCTURE

LOFT FORM DEFINED BY SITE

114


SITE MAP

115


EXPERIENCE

-FLUDITY -LIGHTING -GROWITH

116


ON SITE The whole form of design reveals the close connection with site context; people can feel this continuity both in distance and nearby. The gateway follows the local landform to create fluent scenery.

117


INTERIOR EXPERIENCE When people drive through, they can feel that they are in central position and lights focus on them through a whole Gateway. They also can feel the volume of the form and the growth of cells.

118


THE SHADOW EFFECT The light and shadow effect performance well in our physical model, the interior experience can surprise drivers when they across through the gateway. The shadows of cells indicate the multi-layer and focusing effect that is memorable.

119


C.2 GATEWAY PROJECT:TECTONIC ELEMENT

120


JOINTS :

The use of joints may disturb the performance of final form

The "arc" structure

The joints design may indicates the fabrication skill.However, in our design, the joints are unnecessary since our model has self-supporting structure to hold it self. More over, the whole form designed as an “arc� structure enhances the stability of structure. The use of joints will increase the weights of each module to cause some additional force. We choosed not to use any joints eventually.

121


PRECEDENT: ICD | ITKE Research Pavilion 2011 by ICD / ITKE University of Stuttgart

fig : http://icd.uni-stuttgart.de/?p=6553

1st layer 2nd layer 3rd layer

The ICD | ITKE Research Pavilion 2011indicates the same structure system with our model .It also has 3 layers of fabrication pieces.Our fabrication process can follow the same theory with this pavilion.

122


PROTOTYPE 1 Material: Polypropylene sheet Joints : eyelets Polypropylene sheet is soft and semi-transparent. The prototypes indicates some problems. - Material is too soft to selfsupport - The joints are imposing on transparent material - Joints with heavy weight caused deformation - Eyelet is difficult to punch with 3 layers .

123


We also considered to use 3D printing but our form is too complex to realize with the machine. we decide to use card as material .

PROTOTYPE 2 Material 1:Ivory board 300gsm :too soft Material 2:Card board 600 gsm: suitable choose Machine: card cutter

124


Construction detail in reality

LIGHT WEIGHT PANELS

METAL CLEAT BOLT

METAL CLEAT BOLT

125


Lighting installation: The lighting effect in night is important for this Gateway project, the lighting installation of design should be considered. The lighting effect will be amazing if there is LED in every cell module. 1: the electricity connection should be established on site, which requires additional budget. 2:The solar panel can be applied on every module panel to convey electricity to obtain lighting installation.

126


C3 : GATEWAY PROJECT FINAL MODEL

127


210 panels

210 panels

BASIC

UNIT

630 pieces in total

210 panels

128


Unroll process: first 2 layers together : to ensure the accurate form

129


Final fabrication : 15 cardboards using card cutter with every single piece labeled

130


Fi na l l y we cho o se to just use cardboard as material to reveal the volume of the form and t h e c h a ra c t e r i s t i c s o f module system. we made every unit seperatly to ensure the form , every single roll can hold the structure by it self , which indicates the stable structure of our design.

Fabrication process

131


Fabrication process

132


Final model 1:100

133


Final model 1:100

134


135


Final model 1:100

136


Final model 1:100

137


C5 :LEARNING OBJECTIVES AND OUTCOMES

138


OUTCOME: Our group is quite satisfied with our design outcome, the guests also liked and interested in our design, they also like the internal experience we created, the smooth surface of exterior and the lighting & shadow effect. Our model indicates the final form and also enhances the performance of our design; the lighting effect is presented well in our physical model. The thickness of the cardboard causes some errors and result in a little deformation of our final model. Our tutors and guests also pointed out our real construction resolution is not connected to our design. Since our design is composed of individual pieces, the construction should not be a whole steel frame to support panels. We should think about the way of connecting individual piece together, so I correct the construction technique in my journal in C.2 . As for the project budget, though we already reduce the size of our form, the large amounts of individual pieces still required the overload budget for construction, the further reduction of material should be considered. Way back to our final design, our model with efficient self-supporting structure indicates the successful mimicking of cellular structure. From outside, our gateway design indicates the smooth surface connected with site context, from inside, the light and shadow effect can surprise users. Our design is a great example of interactive architecture, which reveals the elegance and also provides experience to people. The smooth surface with rigid interior also indicates the interesting contrast of the whole design.

139


140


Further Development:

Dynamic form

smart structure system

machine :CNC / Self -made machine :vacuum forming

accurate fabrication process

141


SELF-REFLECTION: Software limitation: This semester is busy but interesting for me, I learned a lot of parametric design and experience the power of it. Grasshopper as a powerful digital tool can achieve amazing form for me. Since it is the first time we use grasshopper for parametric design, the limitation of software is a problem for us and restricted our design process. Sometimes we got ideas to develop but we cannot justify the forms in GH. We wanted to achieve a rationalized form, however, it is tough to get a final ideal form due to the limited digital techniques. The powerful plug –in The large number of plug- ins in grasshopper also offer more chances for us to develop our design .we experienced weaver bird, hoopersnake, Some plug- ins may be helpful to achieve more dynamic form, we used kangaroo in our design process but we still feel the form under our control somehow. Inspired by unexpected outcome The unexpected outcome can give me more inspirations in our design process. The multi- possibilities The efficiency of parametric design provides a number of possibilities to our design process. The changes are also easy to correct, which benefit the whole design process .

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Using grasshopper as a main d i g i t al mo deling to o l is a new experience for me, parametric design is powerful but it is not fully “parametric�some times .The outcome indicates the design lost it freedom to some extent due to the our limit knowledge of software. I think parametric techniques are useful in my future studies, it’s easy to achieve complex elements in a whole design. For example, I can use it to design a facade with smart solar system. The efficiency to get multi-possibilities can help me to choose the optimal form and accurate results are manifest benefits of parametric design. I n s u m m e r y, w e n e e d t o acknowledge that parametric design accelerates our life with high efficiency. It became a trend that most architects use it as a main tool in their design. Most importantly, after Air studio, I learned how to use parametric technique to achieve i coni c and specialized form to represent the unique concept.

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REFERENCE:

AD Special Issue: Computation Works: The Building of Algorithmic Thought .March/April 2013 Volume 83, Issue 2.Pages 1–152, i–iii Burry, Mark (2011). Scripting Cultures: Architectural Design and Programming (Chichester: Wiley), pp. 8 - 71. Burry, M., "Gaudí, Teratology and Kinship", in Architectural Design: Hypersurface Architecture, Wiley-Academy, Chichester, United Kingdom, 1998, pp 38-43 Barrios, C Parametric Gaudi, in: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics SIGraDi. Sao Leopoldo,Brazil, November 2004 Gomez, J et al (1996) La Sagrada Familia: de Gaudi al CAD Edicions UPC, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Barcelona pp 166 Patrik Schumacher on parametricism - 'Let the style wars begin'http:// www.architectsjournal.co.uk/the-critics/patrik-schumacher-onparametricism-let-the-style-wars-begin/5217211.article Richard Williams, 'Architecture and Visual Culture', in Exploring Visual Culture : Definitions, Concepts, Contexts, ed. by Matthew Rampley. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2005 Patrik Schumacher, 'Introduction : Architecture as Autopoietic System', in The Autopoiesis of Architecture (Chichester: J. Wiley, 2011), pp. 1 28. (pdf); Rajaa Issa, Essential Mathematics for Computational Design (Robert McNeel Associates, 2010)

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AD Magazine Volume 74 , accessed on 09/05/2013. AD Magazine ďźšPROTOCELL ARCHITECTURE, accessed on 09/05/2013. Moussavi, Farshid and Michael Kubo, eds (2006). The Function of Ornament (Barcelona: Actar), pp. 5-14 Kolarevic, Branko and Kevin R. Klinger, eds (2008). Manufacturing Material Effects: Rethinking Design and Making in Architecture (New York; London: Routledge), pp. 6-24 Woodbury, Robert (2010). Elements of Parametric Design (London: Routledge) pp. 7-48 Yehuda E. Kalay, Architecture's New Media : Principles, Theories, and Methods of Computer-Aided Design (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2004), pp. 5 - 25

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http://www.dezeen.com/2009/05/20/3d2real-by-ilek-students/ http://icd.uni-stuttgart.de/?p=6553

http://designplaygrounds.com/deviants/clj02-za11-pavilion/ http://subsetsystem.blogspot.com.au/2010_11_01_ar-

http://www.meyersound.com/news/2008/the_morning_ line/ http://www.arch2o.com/airspace-tokyo-faulders-studio/ http://www.dezeen.com/2012/03/09/tea-house-byarchi-union/ http:www.jmayerh.de/19-0-Metropol-Parasol.html/ http://www.plataformaarquitectura.cl http://icd.uni-stuttgart.de/?p=6553 http://www.suckerpunchdaily.com/2012/08/09/constructive-geometry-pavilion/

fig : http://icd.uni-stuttgart.de/?p=6553

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