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IASPER Book of Abstracts

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2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research in Higher Education (ICIRHE 2018) RYSE, Autograph Collection, Seoul, South Korea · May 16-18, 2018


vision mission Community of ethical and scholarly publishing practitioners

1. To advance the professional expertise of the scholarly publishers, editors and reviewers; 2. To provide expert services in scholarly journals; 3. To promote publication ethics in scholarly journals; 4. To support various causes in the promotion, development and advancement of scientific publication.

contents 02 Messages

04 Conference Programme 07 Awards 09 Keynote Speeches 11 Synthesis of Abstracts 12 Paper Presentations

Theme: Internationalization of Research in Education

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W

ith much hospitality and warmth, I welcome the speakers, oral presenters, observers and guests to the 2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research in Higher Education held on May 16-18, 2018 at RYSE, Autograph Collection, Seoul, South Korea. This conference is organized by the International Association of Scholarly Publishers, Editors, and Reviewers, Inc (IASPER). As IASPER has its vision of being a community of ethical and scholarly publishing practitioners, it is just appropriate for you, researchers, to be in this valuable international conference. Through this endeavor, we can exchange our research results, best practices, ideas and experiences related to our filed of expertise. We have chosen the theme “Internationalization of Research in Education” to highlight and gave emphasis on the importance of promoting internationalization to achieve highest standard of education.

message

Education is the most powerful weapon we can use to change the world as Nelson Mandela stated. When researchers gathered, ideas and experiences are poured together. These collaborations will then generate powerful strategies for change. A much needed change, not only detrimental for the development of our respective institutions or nations but of the world. The realization of the 2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research in Higher Education (ICIRHE 2018) today realizes IASPER’s commitment to support various causes in the promotion, development and advancement of scientific research and publication. Our research results, once disseminated, will be of good products not only through conference discussion but also through publication in research journals. Only through publication that other researchers or readers can benefit and experience the essence of our research results. Thus, it would also be more highly academic when all our researches are disseminated in two ways: conference discussion and research journal publication. Best wishes and God Bless to all!

DR. DJUWARI STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia President of IASPER

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2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research in Higher Education (ICIRHE 2018) RYSE, Autograph Collection, Seoul, South Korea · May 16-18, 2018


I

t is my great pleasure to welcome you to the 2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research in Higher Education (ICIRHE 2018) hosted by International Association of Scholarly Publisher, Editors and Reviewers (IASPER). IASPER, Inc. commits to advance the professional expertise of the scholarly publishers, editors and reviewers, provide expert services in scholarly journals, promote publication ethics in scholarly journals and support various causes in the promotion, development and advancement of scientific publication. The theme of ICIRHE 2018 is “Internationalization of Research in Education�. The objectives are to promote academic integrity in research and publication; to disseminate research results for greater utilization; to foster collaboration among researchers and institutions in the promotion and production of researches; and to recognize meritorious contributions of researchers and institutions. Internationalization of higher education is the top stage of international relations among universities to improve the quality of education. As the spread and breadth of internationalization, internationalization of research in education is becoming more pronounced. Universities are increasingly adopting strategies of internationalization in order to achieve competitive advantage in both national and international markets. I am confident that this conference will provide great prospects to the practitioners, scholars, researchers and academicians from across various disciplines to discuss the advancement in internationalization of research in education.

message

I believe that the research presentations from various fields assuredly address key challenges and opportunities in internationalization of research in Higher Education. With the valuable thoughts to be shared by every researcher, this shall open the horizon to internationalization of research in education outcomes for impressive utilization.

M SULTANA ALAM, Ph.D. Assistant Professor Department of Journalism Faculty of Arts and Social Science Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia

Theme: Internationalization of Research in Education

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International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research on Higher Education (ICIRHE 2018) RYSE, Autograph Collection, Seoul, South Korea May 16-18, 2018

Conference Programme DAY 1 • May 16, 2018 8:30 – 9:00 a.m. Registration 9:01 – 9:10 a.m. Invocation National Anthem of Hong Kong National Anthem of the Republic of the Philippines National Anthem of Singapore 9:11 – 9:25 a.m. Opening Remarks and Declaration of the Opening of the Conference DR. GENARO V. JAPOS Chairman of the Board International Association of Scholarly Publishers, Editors, and Reviewers, Inc. Philippines 9:26 – 9:40 a.m. South Korea Declaration: Synthesis of Abstracts DR.JOCELYN M. SANTOS Head, Research & Development Center University of Perpetual Help – Molino Philippines 9: 41 – 9:50 a.m.

Presentation of the Delegates

9:51 – 9:55 a.m. Introduction of Keynote Speaker 1 9:56 – 10:30a.m. Keynote Speaker 1 DR. EDUARDO P. MALAGAPO, Ph.D., AMP, DTM, PME, FPSME CEO & Professor, EPM & Associates Graduate School Middle East CEO & Principal, Al-Andalus International School KSA Dean & Professor, PCU Graduate School Middle East VP & Dean, LPUB Business School Middle East VP/Dean, Aldersgate College Middle East 10:31 – 10:45 a.m.

Awarding Ceremony

10:45 - 10:50 a.m.

Introduction of Keynote Speaker 2

10:51 – 11:25 a.m. Keynote Speaker 2 DR. SAWITRI SUWANAROA Head of International Relations English lecturer of Business Administration and Liberal Arts Faculty Rajamangala University of Technology LannaTak Thailand

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2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research in Higher Education (ICIRHE 2018) RYSE, Autograph Collection, Seoul, South Korea · May 16-18, 2018


11:26 – 1:00p.m.

LUNCHBREAK

1:01 – 5:00p.m.

International Paper Presentations

Time

Title of Paper

Presenter/Institution/Country SET A.

1:00 – 1:20 pm

Academic Staff Perceptions on Effective Teaching in Higher Education

TIMOTHY CHAN

1:21 – 1:40 pm

Teacher Training: Its Potency on Professional Development and Work Attitudes of Public Senior High School Teachers

ELENITA M. TIAMZON, JOHN MARK S. BORBON

1:41 – 2:00 pm

Internationalization in Higher Education: First Year Mainland Chinese students’ adaptation experiences in Hong Kong

ANNA MA

2:01 – 2:20 pm

Mental Health State of Selected Adolescents in Two Allied Medical Health Disciplines in Two Universities in Manila, Philippines

2:21 – 2:40 pm

Sharing the P3IE: Perspectives, Practices, and Problems in the Internationalization of Education in Local Universities in the Philippines

Singapore Institute of Management, Singapore World Citi Colleges, Philippines The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

GILMORE G. SOLIDUM, JUDILYNN N. SOLIDUM Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila, University of the Philippines Manila, Philippines

JOCELYN M. SANTOS University of Perpetual Help – Molino, Philippines

Open Forum (SET A)

2:41 – 3:00 pm

SET B. 3:01 – 3:20 pm

Intertextual Reading Intervention Program: Effects on Reading Comprehension

JODERIC C. NAVARRETE

3:21 – 3:40 pm

Surviving in a Science Curriculum: A Phenomenological Study of Knowledge Sharing among STE Students

MICHAEL J. FROILAN

3:41 – 4:00 pm

Project ARTIST: Enhances Interest and Reading Ability in Filipino of the Selected Grade One Pupils

MA. THERESA E. OBRERO, BASILISA R. DIGMA

Leyte Normal University, Philippines Department of Education, Philippines Department of Education, Division of Cavite, Philippines

Open Forum (SET B)

4:01 – 4:20 pm

Master of Ceremony: MA. THERESA E. OBRERO Departmet of Education, Division of Cavite Philippines DAY 2 • May 17, 2018 8:30 – 9:00 a.m.

Registration

9:01 – 9:10 a.m. Invocation National Anthem of Indonesia National Anthem of Thailand 9:11 – 9:55 a.m. International Virtual Presentations Time

Title of Paper

Presenter/Institution/Country SET A.

9:11 – 9:20 am

Transformational Leadership for better Customer Relationship: case of Corporate Banking sector in Sri Lanka

NALIN ABEYSEKERA

9:21 – 9:40 am

Cultural Adjustment, Religious Practice and Parental Commitment among Inter-cultural Married Couples

A M SULTANA

9:41 – 9:55 am

Open University of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka UniversitiTunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia

Open Forum (SET A)

Theme: Internationalization of Research in Education

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9:56 – 12:00 n.n

International Paper Presentations

Time

Title of Paper

Presenter/Institution/Country SET A.

10:00 – 10:20 am

In the Lens of Parents: Prospect of Marriage among Adolescents with Mental Illness

10:21 – 10:40 am

Towards Operational Sustainability of EPM & Associates Transnational Education Programs in the Middle East

10:41 – 11:00 am

Readiness for Multi-Level Governance in the Philippines: Conceptions of UCLM Students and Teachers

GILMORE G. SOLIDUM, JUDILYNN N. SOLIDUM Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila, University of the Philippines Manila, Philippines

EDUARDO P. MALAGAPO CEO & Professor, EPM & Associates Graduate School Middle East CEO & Principal, Al-Andalus International School KSA

MARICHU D. GARCIANO University of Cebu Lapu-Lapu Mandaue, Philippines

Open Forum (SET B)

11:21 – 11:40 am

11:41 – 1:00 p.m.

LUNCHBREAK

1:01 – 3:00 p.m.

International Paper Presentations

Time

Title of Paper

Presenter/Institution/Country SET B.

1:01 – 1:20 pm

MATH for Math: The Common Stressors and the Academic Performance in Mathematics of Senior High School Students in a Philippine University

JOHN ROBBY ROBIÑOS

1:21 – 1:40 pm

Optimizing Production on Reservoir with Strong Aquifer Drive Using Downhole Water Production Recycling for Five-Spot Waterflood

BENARDI WIBOWO

1:41 – 2:00 pm

Working Capital Management and Profitability of Selected Refined Petroleum Product Companies in the Philippines

JAN LOUISE N. BARONIA

Open Forum (SET B)

2:01 – 2:20 pm

3:01 – 4:00 p.m.

Awarding Ceremony Best Oral Presenter Award Awarding of Certificates to the Participants

Grand Pictorial Master of Ceremony: MA. THERESA E. OBRERO Department of Education, Division of Cavite Philippines DAY 3 • May 18, 2018 Individual Exploration of Seoul, South Korea Departure of the Participant

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2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research in Higher Education (ICIRHE 2018) RYSE, Autograph Collection, Seoul, South Korea · May 16-18, 2018

University of Perpetual Help – Molino, Philippines

InstitutTeknologi Bandung, Indonesia University of Perpetual Help – Molino, Philippines


ICIRHE 2018 AWARDEES Best Abstract ANNA MA

The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong  Title of the Study: Internationalization in Higher Education: First Year Mainland Chinese students’ adaptation experiences in Hong Kong

Outstanding Asian Educator DR. EDUARDO P. MALAGAPO, Ph.D., AMP, DTM, PME, FPSME  Dr. Eduardo P. Malagapo’s thirst for professional and educational excellence has yet to be quenched. With five doctorate titles under his name namely: Doctor in Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Development Administration, Doctor in Philosophy (PhD) in Business Management (with highest distinction), Doctor in Management (D.M.) Major in Educational Management, Doctor in Management (D.M.) Major in Human Resource Mgt. and Doctor in Philosophy (Ph.D.) Engineering (with Distinction), he is a professional mechanical engineer, educator, consultant, and chief executive officer, among all others. With such varied and wide experience and expertise, his continued efforts for excellence have translated to recognitions and awards; the most notable of which is The Filipino Times Rizal Award and The Filipino Times Educator of the Year Award in 2017 conferred by The Filipino Times (TFT) in Dubai, UAE which is UAE’s largest Filipino  newspaper and biggest digital platform for  Filipinos in the  region. With his research works centered on education, he continues to mentor budding researchers through his work as adviser, consultant and panel member to numerous oral defense panels.

Theme: Internationalization of Research in Education

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Book Award

JUDILYNN N. SOLIDUM, Ph.D. Maganda ang Nanay Ko (My Mother is Beautiful) This children’s book tackles breast cancer from the lens of a child. As breast cancer continues to be the leading cancer for Filipino women, this storybook aims to educate people about breast cancer treatments, its effects and how such effects can be regarded positively by family members and the community which will help in the well-being of the patient. Through short expositions and modern illustration in full color, the children’s book relates the thoughts of a child of a mother with breast cancer. About the authors

Dr. Judilynn N. Solidum has been a professor in the University of the PhilippinesManila for 28 years now. She has been recognized with local and international accolades for her work as an editorial board member, writer, peer reviewer and translational researcher. With partnership from the Philippines’ Department of Science and Technology and the National Research Council of the Philippines, she has authored and co-authored children’s books on dengue prevention.

Geoffey Jules Solidum is a BS Landscape Architecture student in UP Diliman. He has won several art, design and photography competitions. He is among the Philippine delegates to Venice, Italy Biennale 2018. He is the illustrator for Dengue Slayers Workbook and Dengue Komik Book authored by Dr Judilynn Solidum in 2014 and 2015, respectively.

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2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research in Higher Education (ICIRHE 2018) RYSE, Autograph Collection, Seoul, South Korea · May 16-18, 2018


keynote speech

The first keynote speaker of the 2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research in Higher Education, Dr. Eduardo P. Malagapo is a multi-awarded educator. He is a Professor, Consultant, Business Entrepreneur, Educator and CEO/President. Currently, he is the CEO & Professor of EPM & Associates Graduate School Middle East and Al-Andalus International School based in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. He is also acting as the Vice President & Dean of LPUB Business School Middle East and Aldersgate College Middle East. A graduate of Batcher of Science in Mechanical Engineering, he then pursues further studies obtaining two more Mater’s Degrees and five Doctorate Degrees. He had also taken several professional developments course at Harvard University Continuing Professional Development Program, Massachusetts.

“Internationalization of Research in Education.” “Internationalization of Research is just similar to globalization of business wherein it is limitless and no borders required to let the thoughts and ideas flow for the sake of new concepts, theories, and data shared to all researchers and end users and to everybody who want to expand their knowledge in line with their areas of expertise.” Governments and companies of different countries can benefit from internalization of research because it readily makes available a rich amount of knowledge that can be used locally. By emulating best practices or strategies of other researchers around the world, societies can continuously innovate and manage change effectively. This approach also empowers citizens because they have access to a full range of information coming from the researches. With this, the future generations can learn a lot and they themselves would be eager to pursue studies that would benefit the future shakers and movers of their nation. Internalization of research likewise promotes intercultural harmony as individuals from different backgrounds get to share with each other the data they have gathered and results generated from their study. This, in turn, facilitates collaboration amidst diversity.

Theme: Internationalization of Research in Education

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keynote speech

The second keynote speaker of the 2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research in Higher Education, Dr. Sawitri Suwanaroa finished his doctoral degree in Education (Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages) in the University of South Australia. Currently, she is the Head of International Relations and English lecturer of Business Administration and Liberal Arts Faculty of the Rajamangala University of Technology LannaTak campus where she teaches sociolinguistics, TESOL, ESL and EFL.

Factors Affecting Thai University Students in Learning English Speaking Course English speaking is an essential communication skill that is widely used in many sectors in Thai society; however, many Thai university students and graduates are incapable of using English for effective communication. This research investigated the factors affecting Thai university students’ learning of English speaking course, and explored the student needs, expectations and difficulties toward the course. Following the descriptive research design, 25 students majoring English for International Communication participated in the study. The Speaking Process for Thai EIC Students (SPTES) model was utilized to identify the internal and external factors which are supposed to operate, mediate and interact on each other throughout the three processing stages of speaking for successful learning. The findings revealed that EIC students’ needs, expectations, and difficulties in ES1 were to a large extent shaped by their beliefs in practice on language-based exercises, focusing especially on five factors shaping the development of English speaking, and then further for interpretation of those five factors such as mediation provided in ES1, textbooks used in ES1, insufficient provisions in ES1, English Grammar for ES1, and students’ self-efficacy in ES1. The implications of the study rest theoretically with the SPTES model, offering some theoretical concepts for the design of a program for teaching English speaking to tertiary EFL students. Keywords: Language/Education, SPTES model, English speaking course, factors, descriptive research design, Tak, Thailand

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2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research in Higher Education (ICIRHE 2018) RYSE, Autograph Collection, Seoul, South Korea · May 16-18, 2018


synthesis of abstracts

JOCELYN M. SANTOS Head, Research & Development Center University of Perpetual Help – Molino

H

ere we go again! Researchers across Asia have come together for the 2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research in Higher Education (ICIRHE 2018) to participate in sustaining the international learning community that was created and organized by the International Association of Scholarly Publishers, Editors and Reviewers, Inc. (IASPER) since 2017. IASPER has been successful in creating new paths and tracks for all researchers to exchange ideas, experiences and best practices.

The theme for this 2nd ICIRHE is ‘Internationalization of Research in Education.’ With an increasingly globalized world, there is the need to promote and share the best practices for research integrity, publication and utilization. This conference will serve to foster collaboration among researchers in the promotion and production of researchers that are geared towards global dimensions. The 2nd ICIRHE has accepted papers from Hong Kong, Indonesia, Taiwan, Singapore, Thailand, Sri Lanka, and the Philippines. These research papers employed experimental designs, project designs, qualitative methods, phenomenological approach, case study, and quantitative designs. Four papers tackled on the linguistic, socio-cultural, economic, and strategic challenges of the internationalization of education. Five papers presented tools and approaches in improving student skills and academic experiences such as incorporating an intensive set of texts (ARTIST) and intertextuality in reading, identifying the difficulties and needs in learning English, a MATH program in reducing student stress, and improving the knowledge sharing experience of students in Science. An overview of some the researcher’s organizational context can be seen in four papers. Impact of demographic variables on managerial competencies and career advancement, the effectiveness of teachers’ training in professional development and work attitude, and performance-based assessment in improving quality of university teaching were discussed. Also, the most important characteristics of effective teaching in higher education were identified. Two project designs were developed focusing on the use of optimization package simulation to find the optimal rate in maximizing depletion of hydrocarbon reservoir and on a WSDL Extension for IoT Service Model to Support IoT Service Selection. Three qualitative studies engaged in mental illness and social protection. The studies explored on the parents’ views on the marriage prospect of their mentally ill adolescent children and raised the advocacy of raising people’s awareness of the magnitude of mental illness issues on adolescents. On the other hand, one of the studies revealed that the provision of social protection is limited by resources and its implementers. Lastly, three studies explored on the profitability of organizations through managing capital, the need for an information campaign for global knowledge of multi-level governance, and on how border tourism affects the expansion of trade and transit. The compelling content of all the research studies presented in this conference confirms the worthiness of the 2nd ICIRHE as a platform of global knowledge exchange, as a driving force to develop new ideas for home –institution, and as a seed for future international collaborations.

Theme: Internationalization of Research in Education

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Transformational Leadership for better Customer Relationship: case of Corporate Banking sector in Sri Lanka NALIN ABEYSEKERA http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9321-6932 nabey@ou.ac.lk Open University of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka The concept of “Transformational Leadership” is considered as one of the most popular and significant concepts among business and researchin last few decades. In this age of rapidly changing business environment, leadership is more important than ever before in particular global financial crisis, economic downturn and unsustainable business practices in the world of business. On the other hand, relationship marketing has changed the focus of marketing from attracting shortterm, transactional customers to retaining long-lasting, intimate customer relationships. Hence the role of a salesperson is paramount important in this context. Further literature suggests that different and unconventional leadership for effective selling. Sri Lankan corporate banking sector was selected for the study as previous studies show that corporate banking customers still prefer personal relationships as the principal means of communication and exchange between the bank and client firm. It was decided to employ a survey strategy to collect data using a questionnaire method which is more appropriate for the study. To improve the interpretation of evidences and findings in the questionnaire, the interview method also has been used. The theoretical model developed in the study is empirically tested through a survey of 130 corporate customers, 130 customer relationship officers (CROs) and 130 managers.The study employs considerable methodological rigor ensuring appropriate levels of validity and reliability.The findings suggest positive relationships between variables of transformational leadership, relationship marketing, and customer orientation. The mediation effect can be seen from the transformational leadership of salesperson in the relationship of customer orientation of salesperson and relationship marketing of customers. Keywords: Transformational Leadership, Relationship Marketing, Corporate Banking Sector, Sri Lanka

Cultural Adjustment, Religious Practice and Parental Commitment among Inter-cultural Married Couples A M SULTANA http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7034-5915 sultana@utar.edu.my. UniversitiTunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia

Inter-cultural marriage is increasingly common in many societies, yet inter-cultural relationships remain at a higher risk of failure, with higher divorce rates and lower marital satisfaction. The present study analyzed a growing phenomenon in Bangladesh and Malaysia known as inter cultural or mixed families. The main objective was to explore challenge associated with inter-cultural relationships, and to determine how these relate to marital satisfaction among foreign partners in inter-cultural families. This study explores five inter-cultural married couples’ experiences using a qualitative inquiry. In this study, I demonstrated the condition of inter-cultural married couples by examining their challenges with respect to inter-cultural adjustment, religious practice and parental commitment. A qualitative analysis was subsequently performed to identify overarching themes of the study. Keywords: Inter-cultural marriage, marital satisfactions,cultural adjustment, Bangladesh, Malaysia

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2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research in Higher Education (ICIRHE 2018) RYSE, Autograph Collection, Seoul, South Korea · May 16-18, 2018


Academic Staff Perceptions on Effective Teaching in Higher Education TIMOTHY CHAN https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9487-2023 timothychan@sim.edu.sg Singapore Institute of Management, Singapore This paper reports on the results of a research study on academic staff perceptions on effective teaching in higher education. It aims to provide information on how academic staff in an Asian setting perceive effective teaching. The research results have direct implications for the design of teaching methods and teaching evaluation instruments. The research addresses three questions, namely, (1) to identify the most important characteristics of effective teaching as perceived by academics; (2) to determine if academics differ in their perceptions of the most important characteristics of effective teaching; and (3) to investigate the influence of staff background variables on the perceptions of the characteristics of effective teaching. Statistical methods such as Spearman’s Rank of Correlation Coefficient, non-parametric one-way analysis of variance, and multiple pairwise comparisons are used. The results of this research show that the perceptions of the importance of individual characteristics generally are similar among the staff from different academic disciplines. Academic staff perceives that an effective lecturer is knowledgeable, responsible, enthusiastic in teaching, and can present well-organized lectures clearly and comprehensibly. Effective communication is perceived as the most important characteristic of effective teaching in higher education. The research also shows that staff background variables do influence staff perceptions of effective teaching characteristics. While differences in perception are observed, the findings show no significant difference among the perceptions of the respondents with reference to the top 5 perceived most important characteristics of effective teaching based upon the respondents’ various demographic variables. Keywords: Higher education, effective teaching, effective teaching characteristics, statistical analysis, Asia, Singapore

Teacher Training: Its Potency on Professional Development and Work Attitudes of Public Senior High School Teachers ELENITA M. TIAMZON JOHN MARK S. BORBON https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3647-975X https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8460-3746 tiamzon_ellen@yahoo.com johnmarkborbon@gmail.com World Citi Colleges World Citi Colleges Philippines Philippines Training has specific goals of improving one’s capability, capacity,  productivity, and performance. Teacher training is a key component high quality education. Thus, this research paper focused on the potency of teachers’ training in the professional development and work attitudes of 200 public senior high school teachers who underwent trainings from three public schools of the same division. Specifically, the research focuses potency on instructional abilities, classroom management, interpersonal relationship, and work values as well as its correlation with selected demographics (sex and age). The descriptive–correlational survey method was used. Findings showed that there exists significant correlation between the potency of training on the instructional abilities, classroom management, and interpersonal relationships with the female teachers. Female had higher levels of professional growth and work attitudes on the three aspects of training. On a similar vein, there exists significant correlation between potency of training on work values with the male teachers on the professional development and work attitudes. When subjected to getting the correlation between the potency of training on instructional abilities with the demographic profile, sex was significantly correlated to professional development and work attitudes. In terms of age, teachers have different teaching competencies. Teachers’ Training is considered to be potent on the professional development and work attitudes of public senior high school teachers. Keywords: Education, training, potency, classroom management, instructional abilities, interpersonal relationship and work attitudes, descriptive-correlational research design, Philippines *Co-Authors: Danilo M. Tiamzon, Ma. Cristina J. Estioco, Jennifer M. Imson

Theme: Internationalization of Research in Education

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Internationalization in Higher Education: First Year Mainland Chinese Students’ Adaptation Experiences in Hong Kong ANNA MA https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9263-817X annama@cuhk.edu.hk The Chinese University of Hong Kong English Language Teaching Unit Hong Kong Due to an intensified globalization process and the rise of English as an international language, an increasing number of international students pursue English-medium higher education abroad for better quality higher education, career prospect, and social prestige. While previous researches have examined the phenomenon of international students choosing to enroll in English-medium universities in top destinations like the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, France and Germany, little research has been done in Hong Kong, where English medium is a highly contested issue. To fill the research gap, the research examines mainland Chinese students’ adaptation experiences upon arrival in Hong Kong. The research focuses on the inquiry of language including the strategies and motivations in the attempt to understand and examine mainland students’ adaptation experiences upon arrival in Hong Kong. To these ends, the research is structured to investigate the linguistic and socio-cultural challenges these mainland Chinese students in their first year of university study. Through interview, this research shows that students face many cultural and social challenges that affect their adaptation in Hong Kong. The implications of this study impact research on student support and identity formation. Keywords: Higher Education, Internationalization, Mainland Chinese students, Cross-border students, Cross-border education, descriptive design, Hong Kong

Mental Health State of Selected Adolescents in Two Allied Medical Health Disciplines in Two Universities in Manila, Philippines GILMORE G. SOLIDUM http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0601-9760 ggsolidum@plm.edu.ph Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila Manila, Philippines

JUDILYNN N. SOLIDUM http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2082-9487 jnsolidum1@up.edu.ph University of the Philippines Manila Manila, Philippines

More than a tenth of the world’s population below 20 years of age experience mental disorders. Majority of these mental illnesses commence before the age of 15 and three quarters are seen by mid-twenties which may adversely affect an individual’s development if untreated. This would hinder the attainment of a full and functional life. Symptoms of an emotional distress are experienced by one-fifth of adolescents with about a tenth having emotional impairment. Depression and anxiety disorders are the most common mental conditions recorded among adolescents. This cross-sectional descriptive study aimed to assess the mental health state of selected adolescents in 2 allied medical health disciplines of two (2) prominent universities in Manila. Philippines. Using the Mood and Feeling Inventory, 200 students, aged 16-20 were made to answer the 33-item questionnaire. The results revealed that an alarming percentage of respondents are suffering from moderate depression. Stakeholders should be engaged in the advocacy of raising people’s awareness on the magnitude of the mental health issues among adolescents. Members of the academe are in a very good position to identify mental health challenges of adolescent students as they spend much of their waking hours in school. Keywords: mental health, adolescents, cross-sectional descriptive design, depression, anxiety, Manila, Philippines,

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2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research in Higher Education (ICIRHE 2018) RYSE, Autograph Collection, Seoul, South Korea · May 16-18, 2018


Sharing the P3IE: Perspectives, Practices, and Problems in the Internationalization of Education in Local Universities in the Philippines JOCELYN M. SANTOS http:orcid.org/0000-0003-1908-9597 jocelyn.santos@perpetualdalta.edu.ph University of Perpetual Help – Molino Cavite, Philippines Internationalization is the centrifugal force that sets-out Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) to fit and interconnect with people and institutions around the world. While many international Universities have actively pursued and appreciably integrated internationalization strategies, the demands of internationalization still challenge many local universities. This study illustrates the perspectives, practices, and problems (P3) of local universities on international education (IE). The study used the multiple case study design involving three (3) local universities in the Philippines and included data from guided conversations with the International Affairs Coordinators, observation of the school setting, and review of organizational records. Data analysis involved examining, categorizing, synthesizing and integrating the gathered information. In the study, Local Universities define internationalization in their strategic directions in research, instruction, and extension. Their mission and vision also capture international dimensions. Typical collaborative activities were benchmarking, participation in international conferences and competitions, and visitation of lecturers from abroad, but were short on student, faculty and program exchange. The study raises the need for the local universities to strengthen their international dimensions on curriculum, to aggressively venture on institutional mobility, and the need address the lack of resources that hinder the full integration of international education. Keywords: Education, internationalization, case study, Philippines

Intertextual Reading Intervention Program: Effects on Reading Comprehension JODERIC C. NAVARRETE http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1010-1414 jude_angela_joy@yahoo.com Leyte Normal University Leyte, Philippines Several studies revealed the positive effect of intertextuality on students’ reading comprehension. Using experimental design, particularly the one-group pretest-posttest design, this study aimed to investigate if there is a significant difference in the reading comprehension (comparing and contrasting, integration, and evaluation skills) level of low performing freshmen education students before and after an Intertextual Reading Intervention (IRI) program. The program consisted of five researcher-made modules, anchored on the theory of intertextuality and conducted for one semester. Specifically, the Lallaine F. Yanilla Aquino (LFYA)-Reading Comprehension Test was administered. The pre-posttest results were analyzed using t-test. Data showed the posttest means of all the reading comprehension variables were significantly higher than the pretest means beyond .01 level of significance. Therefore, intertextuality is vital in the development of reading comprehension, particularly the three comprehension skills. This study provides empirical evidence for the effectiveness of the IRI program and gives useful insights for educators on how to improve their students’ reading comprehension, especially to low performing freshmen college students, in order for them to survive in the tertiary level, which demands comprehending multiple and complicated/high-leveled texts. Keywords: Intertextual strategies, intertextual reading intervention program, reading comprehension, expiremental design, Philippines Co-Author: Leonor E. Diaz, College of Education, University of the Philippines Diliman

Theme: Internationalization of Research in Education

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Working Capital Management and Profitability of Selected Refined Petroleum Product Companies in the Philippines JAN LOUISE N. BARONIA https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4711-3056 janlouise_baronia@yahoo.com University of Perpetual Help - Molino Philippines With the increase in the demand for Petroleum products, oil companies are tightening their financial resources as new competitors enter the market and affect their market shares and profitability. The ability of these corporations to control their cash flows, maintain their operational expenses, and manage their accounts receivables and payable, will have an impact on profitability. This study is aimed at determining whether there is a significant relationship between working capital management and profitability. The instruments used as a basis for analysis was the Audited Financial Statements (AFS) dated 2015 extracted from SEC-iView. The study used the quantitative –correlational design. It covered 16 companies of refined petroleum products in the Philippines registered in the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Linear regression was used in the data analysis. Results showed that the Average Collection Period (ACP) has significant relationship with profitability in reference to the Return of Equity (ROE), whereas the Average Age of Inventory (AAI) and Average Payment Period (APP) indicated no relationship with profitability in reference to the Return of Assets (ROA) and Return on Equity (ROE). Therefore, the researchers concluded that managing the accounts receivables effectively and efficiently will maintain the profitability of the business organization. Keywords: Accounting, working capital, profitability, correlation, Philippines *Co-Author: Sheryl Magpantay, Mary Anne Urbano , Jacky Benavidez

Surviving in a Science Curriculum: A Phenomenological Study of Knowledge Sharing among STE Students MICHAEL J. FROILAN http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5159-7148 michael.froilan@deped.gov.ph Department of Education Philippines In the highly competitive field of science curriculum where everything requires critical thinking skills, students routinely share knowledge to survive. This phenomenological study focused on the knowledge sharing experiences of ten (three boys and seven girls) STE students from Laoang National High School who participated in a focus group discussion with in-depth interviews as follow-up data from which were gathered and analyzed using Coliazzi’s (1978) framework. Findings revealed that topics related to language, mathematical solutions, arts and sports were shared in graded or non-graded activities done through virtual or personal conversation inside and outside the school premises driven by either communal relationships, reward, debt of gratitude, selflessness, or most importantly, none-gets-left-behind mantra. However, knowledge sharing was hampered by their attitude, poor comprehension, competition, technological dilemma, or time constraint. Informants believe that directly giving answers was wrong instead tutorial was considered the proper way of sharing knowledge. The implication of this study to education is directed on the paradigm shift in giving collaborative learning activities to strengthen knowledge sharing habits of the students paving the way for more program completers. The results of this study open the door to further research which delves into developing knowledge sharing culture among students. Keywords: Education, knowledge sharing, phenomenology, Philippines

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2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research in Higher Education (ICIRHE 2018) RYSE, Autograph Collection, Seoul, South Korea · May 16-18, 2018


Project ARTIST: Enhances Interest and Reading Ability in Filipino of the Selected Grade One Pupils MA. THERESA E. OBRERO https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7002-5412 thetsy34@gmail.com Department of Education, Division of Cavite, Philippines

BASILISA R. DIGMA https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5723-3134 Department of Education, Division of Cavite, Philippines

One of the key result areas of the administrator is the improvement of curriculum development of the school. Monitoring the pupils’ progress through the reading assessment of the 194 Grade One pupils and 41 were diagnosed as non-readers Project Activities In Reading Thru Intensive Set of Text (ARTIST) focused on the reading intervention of the selected grade one pupils and their interest towards reading. A ten-week step by step reading program such as: alphabets, sounds of letters, picture words, blending of letters and combination of syllables. Hence, the study utilized mixed method type of research. It involved descriptive-comparative-developmental-qualitative. The researchers assured the confidentiality and anonymity of the participants. After the program implementation, the result escalated to 42.07 mean score from its pretest (4.34). Out of 41 participants, 39 were considered as readers in Filipino text materials. Therefore, the null hypothesis was rejected. There was an increase on the interests of the participants towards reading wherein only three or (7.32%) pupils confirmed that they like reading prior to the program and incremented to 37 (90.24%) pupils after the program implementation. Thus, the intervention could be a basis for basic and higher education curriculum program and could be adopted by the pre-service teachers. Keywords: Education, reading assessment, reading intervention, curriculum development, Philippines *Co-Authors: Basilisa R. Digma and Yolanda R. Penales

In the Lens of Parents: Prospect of Marriage among Adolescents with Mental Illness GILMORE G. SOLIDUM http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0601-9760 ggsolidum@plm.edu.ph Pamantasanng Lungsod ng Maynila Manila, Philippines

JUDILYNN N. SOLIDUM http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2082-9487 jnsolidum1@up.edu.ph University of the Philippines Manila Manila, Philippines

The Philippine Constitution acknowledges the inviolability of marriage as a social institution and mandates the state to employ measures to protect it and ensure the active promotion of its total development. Marriage is “a special contract of permanent union between a man and a woman entered in accordance with law for the establishment of conjugal and family life.” Most cultures expect individuals to get married and have families. But marriage and family life can be stressful, requiring considerable efforts in adjustment. Added stresses of marriage and family life may overwhelm an individual with an existing mental illness. This constructivist grounded theory study is aimed at exploring the parents’ views on the marriage prospect of their mentally ill adolescent children. Ten parents with mentally ill children confined in a Manila, Philippines tertiary hospital were interviewed after securing consent. Five themes and 14 subthemes were identified. Themes identified were: marriage as a solution; desiring but anxious; seeing a “bright”home; more than a roller coaster ride; and in my heart … within my view. Attainment of optimal family life after marriage of a mentally ill is a multifaceted phenomenon. Parents of mentally ill adolescents should be assisted to help them cope with the stresses of everyday adjustment on their children’s existing challenges. Keywords: Mental illness, marriage, family life, constructivist grounded theory research, Manila, Philippines

Theme: Internationalization of Research in Education

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Towards Operational Sustainability of EPM & Associates Transnational Education Programs in the Middle East EDUARDO P. MALAGAPO http:// https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4169-0901 dredpmalagapo@gmail.com EPM & Associates Graduate Extension Middle East Philippines/Kingdom of Saudi Arabia/United Arab Emirates/Qatar/Bahrain/Kuwait The world today experienced an educational landscape, through the advent of high advanced technology system. Any emerging enterprise that conduct educational business landscape using the current trend of blended learning system can give justice to our overflowing population. Surely, it can benefit students in all levels of basic and higher education who aim for academic excellence and global competitiveness. This research study aimed in assessing the implementation of the critical success factors towards operational sustainability for the next decades. The study used the descriptive-quantitative type of research employing the structured survey questionnaire sent to all the respondents using Google form and the internet. In here, technology is of a necessity to get things done on time. The findings of the study leads to the following conclusions and recommendations: (1) Ensure quality educational services using the blended learning system and other teaching tools and materials are being conducted for the benefit of all the clienteles. (2) Closely study the proposed operational sustainability model that will include vision and mission, program marketability, flexibility of time, readiness and fully equipped, strategic leadership, blended learning system, strengthen quality education, flexible learning place, affordability of investment, and monitoring and control. Such strategic approach can help and support the firm to continue with their advocacy in sustaining the programs. Keywords: Vision and Mission, Seven Critical Success Factors, EPM & Associates Transnational Education Program, SWOT Analysis, Strategic Management, Operational Sustainability, Middle East

Readiness for Multi-Level Governance in the Philippines: Conceptions of UCLM Students and Teachers MARICHU D. GARCIANO http://orcid.org/0000- 0003- 3802- 3796 Garciano_art@yahoo.com University of Cebu Lapu-Lapu Mandaue Philippines This research study determined the acceptability of Multi-level governance in the Philippines in the University of Cebu Lapu-lapu Mandaue. This adopted the qualitative descriptive research where standardized survey questionnaires were administered. The findings disclosed that the teachers and students agree on the acceptability of federal government asmultilevel governance to better serve the Philippine economic and political concerns. They further conceive that federalism can provide adequate social services to the people. Applying Pearson’s Coefficient method, there is no significant difference in their conceptions and acceptability of multi-level governance politically and economically. There is, however, a significant difference on the social concerns of federalism as the teachers displayed higher conceptions than students in this area. The principle of subsidiarity anchors federalism which places decisions close to the citizens and ensures the actions are justified considering national or local level. The social contract theory of Locke, Hobbes, and Rousseau espoused the agreement of the governors and the governed on the kind of changes brought in the government to better serve the will of the people. It is proposed that universities conduct information dissemination campaigns to produce vigilant citizenry who are equipped with the global knowledge of multi-level governance affecting political, economic, and social issues. Keywords: Readiness, Multi-level governance, Federalism, Conceptions, Normative- descriptive method, Philippines

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2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research in Higher Education (ICIRHE 2018) RYSE, Autograph Collection, Seoul, South Korea ¡ May 16-18, 2018


MATH for Math: The Common Stressors and the Academic Performance in Mathematics of Senior High School Students in a Philippine University JOHN ROBBY ROBIÑOS https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7051-7764 johnrobby21_0987@yahoo.com University of Perpetual Help - Molino Philippines Fear of Math stems primarily from student’s stress driven by different factors. These stress factors must be dealt with in order for students to exhaust all opportunities to improve their mathematical skills and abilities. The descriptive-correlational study was conducted to identify the common stressor in mathematics among senior high school students and determined its association to their academic performance. Three hundred thirty-eight senior high school students were randomly selected to answer a stress-checklist instrument (Cα=.92). The academic performance of the selected students was also retrieved. Data analysis was carried out using Chi – square test of correlation. The study identified (1) subject factors –number of class hours per week, availability of references, topic coverage in one school year; (2) personal factors –peer pressure, readiness to new topic, prior knowledge; (3) classroom factor –class schedule; and (4) teaching factors –assessment techniques, teaching approaches, vocabulary used, sufficiency of examples, instructional materials, cause moderate stress to students. From among these stressors, it is personal factors that were associated, X2 (16, 338 = 44.90) =26.30, p<.05) to students’ academic performance. Based on the findings, a MATH (Maintaining healthy lifestyle, Asking help from experts, Thinking positively and Having a growth mindset) coping strategy is proposed for senior high school students Keywords: Mathematics, academic performance, stressors, Philippines

Optimizing Production on Reservoir with Strong Aquifer Drive Using Downhole Water Production Recycling for Five-Spot Waterflood BENARDI WIBOWO https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4958-0566 Ben.wibowo@gmail.com Institut Teknologi Bandung Indonesia Water coning is a serious problem in reservoir production with strong aquifer drive. This phenomenon can decrease oil production significantly so the well becomes not economical. The occurrence of water coning can be avoided or delayed by keeping the rate of production below the critical rate. However, uneconomical production rates below the critical rate will certainly be a new problem to avoid. The perforation depth arrangement can also be combined with the production rate setting to maximize the production rate while avoiding water coning. Several techniques have been investigated to solve the problem, such as downhole water sink (DWS) and downhole water loop (DWL) techniques. Downhole water sink mechanism is to produce water under Water Oil Contact (WOC) to create a segregated flow that prevents water coning. Downhole waterloop is a technique developed to minimize the formation of water produced by an oil well from a hydrocarbon reservoir under a water zone by creating a loop flow under the WOC. This paper examines the effect of DWS and DWL on increasing cumulative oil production. The author uses the optimization package simulation to find the optimum rate for each method and also combine the use of DWS or DWL with Five-Spot Patterns waterflood to maximize the depletion of hydrocarbon in the reservoir. Keywords: Water coning, strong aquifer drive, downhole water sink, downhole water loop, critical rate, water oil contact, five-spot waterflood, Indonesia

Theme: Internationalization of Research in Education

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2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research in Higher Education (ICIRHE 2018)  
2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research in Higher Education (ICIRHE 2018)  
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