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IA SPE R Book of Abstracts ii

International Conference on Education and Technology 2017 October 26-28, 2017 • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Vision

Community of ethical and scholarly publishing practitioners

Mission 1. To advance the professional expertise of the scholarly publishers, editors and reviewers; 2. To provide expert services in scholarly journals; 3. To promote publication ethics in scholarly journals; 4. To support various causes in the promotion, development and advancement of scientific publication.

Table of

Contents

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MESSAGES

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CONFERENCE PROGRAMME

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AWARDS

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KEYNOTE SPEECHES

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SYNTHESIS OF ABSTRACTS

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PAPER PRESENTATIONS

Theme: Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives

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Dear fellow Researchers,

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message

et me welcome you all and express my highest appreciation to your presence and involvement, both in today’s event and other upcoming events of the International Association of Scholarly Publishers, Editors and Reviewers, Inc. (IASPER). Today, the International Conference on Education and Technology (ICET 2017) is being held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and we hope that this event can be a momentum for us to exchange our ideas and share our experiences in highly-ethically varied perspectives as it is depicted in our vision and mission. The theme of ICET 2017 is “Education and Technology: Towards reengineering education, connecting people, and developing lives.” No one can deny the fact that education is important in the development of people’s lives. The world public have competed to achieve their competitiveness, for survival. However, doing any job individually will result in small competitiveness. In order for us to lead our country in creating state-of-the art technology in education, collaboration is obligatory. I have a dream with IASPER, as the vision stated that we are “a community of ethical and scholarly publishing practitioners,” we need constant collaboration for us to produce best methodology and research results. By having done such activities, we can publish the research results in our international journal that we are administering. Collaboration in research and publication is a prevailing topic around the world, due to the rationales that is the new paradigm of measurement. Along time ago, all the university faculties were exposed to the world public merely by their printed media. Today, this paradigm has shifted into more technological perspective. Thus, doing a research and writing an academic article is the new habit, if not for culture, for the world intellectuals. Any university or college can be measured whether they are technologically-well managed or not. In other words, the status of accreditation is now based on the world public’s perspective through the visibility in the world digital society. This can be undertaken through the open journal system or OJS-based journal article publication. Finally, I would like to express my highest appreciation to you all, and especially the honorable board of the directors of our organization, Dr. Genaro V. Japos, who has spent his time and energy endlessly for making this organization exist. I would also like to say my big thank to Ms. Gayle T, Salalima, who always makes the events well-organized. And also, other fellow staffs of IASPER. God bless you all!

DJUWARI, Ph.D. International President, IASPER Inc. Advisor of HIPSI (Ass. of Press-Media Indonesia, East Java) Head of Research Journal Management, STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia

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International Conference on Education and Technology 2017 October 26-28, 2017 • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


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t is my great pleasure to welcome you to the International Conference on Education and Technology (ICET 2017) hosted by International Association of Scholarly Publisher, Editors and Reviewers (IASPER). IASPER commits to advance the professional expertise of the scholarly publishers, editors and reviewers, provide expert services in scholarly journals, promote publication ethics in scholarly journals and support various causes in the promotion, development and advancement of scientific publication. The theme of ICET 2017 is “Education and Technology: Towards Re-engineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives”. The objectives are to promote academic integrity in research and publication, disseminate research results for greater utilization, foster collaboration among researchers and institutions in the promotion and production of researches and recognize meritorious contributions of researchers and institutions. I am confident that this conference will provide great prospects to the practitioners, scholars, researchers and academicians from across various disciplines to discuss the advancement and innovations in education and technology. I believe that the research presentations from various fields assuredly address key challenges and opportunities in education, technology and re-engineering people and developing people’ lives. With the valuable thoughts to be shared by every researcher, this shall open the horizon to publish and disseminate research outcomes for impressive utilization. On behalf of the ICET 2017 organizing committee, I would like to extend a warm invitation to all of you to join us at this event. I look forward to meeting you in Malaysia. Welcome to the International Conference on Education and Technology 2017!

M SULTANA ALAM Ph.D. Assistant Professor Department of Journalism Faculty of Arts and Social Science Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia

Theme: Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives

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Greetings to all participants and a pleasant welcome to Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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am deeply honored to be given the opportunity to convey a message for a group of intellectuals gathered before this conference. IASPER deserves commendation for organizing the International Conference on Education and Technology, ICET 2017, on October 25-27, 2017, which shows the association’s commitment to the fulfillment of their mission and vision through promoting, uplifting and upholding Education and Technology in this era of globalization. The conference theme, “Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives”, is not just timely but highly relevant into the swift change in culture, education style, and technological advancement. On this millennial time, associations like IASPER should be at the forefront of the changing cross educational-research policy and highly technological landscape to guide and inform peoples, groups, intellectuals, and other communities towards wholesome and productive citizens. Furthermore, abreast knowledge, obtained quality education, exceptional Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) skills are the foundation for a vast connection to people, developed lives and for sustainable development. Leveraging technology in education leads to connect the world for intercultural understanding, collaborations that lead to action and global competency. On that context, collaboration and sharing as key to its attainment can be enhanced through an international gathering such as the ICET. Your attendance reflects your genuine interest and commitment to confirm and hold to the association’s mission and vision. I am hopeful that in this conference, you can attain a deeper understanding of the latest thrusts in education and technology. Not only gain the greater passion to apply in various contexts the wisdom shared and learned in the sessions but also create a foundation of life with education and take part in realizing sustainable development goal (SDG) especially for quality education (SDG #4). I would like to congratulate the IASPER for its effort in spearheading and the initiative in staging this conference. It is our hope that you continue to serve the next generations by educating them through conferences and gatherings the beauty of what has been done (before) and what the future will look like in terms of education and technology. Have a fruitful discussion and have a great time enjoying this grand city, “#1Truly Asia”, the place of the tallest twin building in the world.

PEDRO LUCIS MONTECILLO, JR. Ed. D (CAR) Specialist ( Mathematics Education) Training and Development Division SEAMEO RECSAM, Penang, Malaysia SEAMEO RECSAM, Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah, 11700 Gelugor, Penang, MALAYSIA Tel: 60 4-6522700 Fax: 60 4-6522737 Email: director@recsam.edu.my

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International Conference on Education and Technology 2017 October 26-28, 2017 • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


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Greetings from UIC of Davao City, Philippines!

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he participation in research events like this International Conference on Education and Technology (ICET) 2017 must be a way of life for every dedicated academic researcher. This forum provides the intellectual atmosphere required for the smooth and easy interaction among the scientists and professionals to disclose, share and talk about the findings, insights and breakthroughs of their respective research endeavors to which so much time and resources have been spent for. Also, this meeting paves the way to future collaborations and partnerships, establishes connections and builds alliances. Indeed, the exchange of ideas in this gathering and the explicit demonstration of expertise among investigators and stakeholders from such diverse fields and areas of studies truly warrant a celebration of the beauty and intricacy of research. For as a process, research has been considered the highest form of intellectual and creative activity known to mankind; this is to say, that what we are now as a society is nothing else but the summative impact of the geniuses of those people, the likes of Galileo Galilei, Isaac Newton, FB creator Mark Zuckerberg, and the Google inventors Larry Page and Sergey Brin, who have shown so much dedication for great causes, for the conduct of investigations, for the satisfaction of queries, and for the joy of finding solutions to societal problems --- that is, to take part in the ultimate and noblest vision of research, which is to make life on our planet easier and safer and lovelier! The conference theme “Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives,” embodies the emerging trends in academic researches today. In these times of tremendous evolutions of information and technology, universities must finally embrace the clamor that they be the centers for new knowledge and technology creations for the society and its people. Faculty and students must embark on projects that can unite and support people to address pressing needs, be at global, national or local scales. That academic research writing is solely for “publication” is no longer the case as it has been because what is now expected is for research to bring forth an innovative product or process to once again “improve everyone’s quality of life,” a quest worth investing for! Of course, no one can be certain but what if one of the participants in this conference might be actually the discoverer of the cure for cancer? Or someone here might be the formulator of the elixir of life? Yes, these and the rest of the other amazing possibilities in the name of research! Thus, on behalf of the University of the Immaculate Conception, Davao City, Philippines, I congratulate and salute the dynamic team of IASPER for organizing ICET 2017 at this fabulous Renaissance Kuala Lumpur Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. This partnership concretizes our solid support to the vision of this ASEAN research organization. The beliefs we both share to uphold the rigors and scholarly merits of this event would always inspire us all in our University to sustain the cultures of research, publication, and innovation, which have become essential aspects of our academic institution. Lastly, my special message to ICET 2017 participants is to let this event truly be an affirmation of the “creator” in everyone! As Albert Einstein’s words have immortalized, “Imagination is the highest form of research.” And we ought to believe in that! And we ought to be inspired by that! Good day! Mabuhay! S. MA. MARISSA R. VIRI, RVM President University of the Immaculate Conception Davao City, Philippines

Theme: Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives

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Dear Education Visionaries and Culture Creatives,

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As an early adopter and maverick of technology from the mid 80s, from being the Creative Director for Interactivity Magazine New Media Demo Team and UNESCO Global Digital Ambassador Program, to working as an Instructional and UX Designer in the original JavaSoft Team from Sun Microsystems Laboratory, I have been in pursuit of Technology in Education from Day 1. We knew back then that technology has changed the way we communicate, so changes in the way we learn will naturally happen. Technology, especially in the advent of the Internet, has equalized the playing field making information exchange more ubiquitous and accessible for learning. Yet we have not seen the true dynamics of technology-enabled programs for transdisciplinary learning via the processes of multimedia. Through years of experience creating technology-enabled programs for the first online high school in Hawaii and doing enrichment programs for the Department of Education schools, where we use only the arts, science and technology for curriculum development, I still see that schools are using technology as a tool rather than as integrated solution to curriculum development. Technology can have huge impacts on one’s learning experiences, especially with today’s access to new media and technology even in our own homes. However, integrations can be limited depending on the intentions of academic institutions as well as lack of resources to cope with today’s rapidly evolving technological solutions available in the market. And of course, let’s not forget Marshall McLuhan’s poignant quote: “The medium is the message,” which reflects the vital role that technology plays in shifting one’s learning exchange. Thus, technology can easily reengineer education. Given the youth’s access to technology nowadays, schools are compelled to create edutainment contents to win them back against consumerism. Also, we must transcend beyond edutainment content and hollistically integrate our youths for optimum transformation via transdisciplinary approaches. In short, below are three (3) dynamics of regenerative development for technology-enabled programs that I have experienced in the process of integrating technology within education: 1) Create Research and Development (R&D) Centres for integrative learning exchange to support today’s demanding curriculum and mandatory criteria via transdisciplinary learning approach. Consistent research and development on innovations in the sciences, technology and the arts and the application of technology for optimum transfer of knowledge is necessary. Trandisciplinary learning experiences have to be integrated into dynamic technology-enabled curriculum in order for multidisciplinary exchanges to happen. Education will transcend towards new learning exchanges: from compartmentalized literal and logical approach to the interactive intelligences of new media that connect at the global inclusivity awareness. 2) Integrate systemic approaches for social development and ecological regenerations to stop the degradation of our environment. Holistic approaches for integrating the community with diverse stakeholders within academic learning exchanges must be adopted such that environmental degradation must be immediately addressed and regenerated through active learning exchanges for optimum social and commnunity dynamics . 3) Develop sustainable and regenerative models to secure up-to-date resources: hardware, software and expertise. This is an important check and balance for developing technology programs; to keep us updated with latest technology and resources of today’s times. Plus, by sustaining our technology programs, we will showcase our dynamics for real-life applications that will ensure the regeneration of future developments. These dynamics are easier said than done. But with education leaders who see the importance of such development especially in today’s sustainability crisis and lack of interest of the youth who see no value in formal education, it can be done step by step. In short, we must reengineer solutions for such adaptations within the educational system to keep up with the young generation and the intelligences they have developed based on growing up in a technological world. We must elevate towards a new consciousness that is being reshaped by the digital frontier.

PROF. HAI DAI NGUYEN WOW Bali Co-Founder & Creative Director

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International Conference on Education and Technology 2017 October 26-28, 2017 • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


International Conference on Education and Technology (ICET 2017) Renaissance Kuala Lumpur Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia October 26-28, 2016

Conference Programme Theme: “Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives.”

DAY 1 • October 26, 2017 8:01 – 8:30 a.m. Registration 8:31 – 8:40 a.m. Invocation National Anthem of Malaysia National Anthem of Indonesia National Anthem of the Republic of the Philippines National Anthem of Taiwan 8:41 – 8:50 a.m. Opening Remarks and Declaration of the Opening of the Conference DR. M. SULTANA ALAM Conference Chair Assistant Professor Department of Journalism Faculty of Arts and Social Science UniversitiTunku Abdul Rahman Malaysia 8:51 – 9:00 a.m. Message S. MA. MARISSA R. VIRI, RVM President University of the Immaculate Conception Davao City, Philippines

9:01 – 9:10 a.m. Malaysia Declaration: Synthesis of Abstracts DR. BASHIRUDDIN AJIHIL Vice President for Academic Affairs Universidad de Zamboanga Philippines 9:11 – 9:25 a.m. Musical Intelligence DR. RENAN P. LIMJUCO Director Research, Publication, and Innovation Center (RPIC) University of the Immaculate Conception Philippines 9: 26 – 9:35a.m. Presentation of the Delegates 9:36 – 9:40 a.m. Introduction of Keynote Speaker 1 9:41 – 10:20 a.m. Keynote Speaker 1 DR. DJUWARI International President International Association of Scholarly Publishers, Editors, and Reviewers, Inc. Head of Research Journal Publication STIE Perbanas, Surabaya Indonesia

Theme: Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives

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10:21–10:30 a.m. Awarding Ceremony 10:31 -10:35 a.m. Introduction of Keynote Speaker 2 10:36 –11:05 a.m. Keynote Speaker 2 DR. GENARO V. JAPOS President, Philippine Association of Institution for Research, Inc. Philippines 11:06 - 11:10 a.m. Introduction of Keynote Speaker 3 11:11 - 11:50 a.m. Keynote Speaker 3 DR. NORMA M. SHARIEF Regional Chairman II and Managing Commissioner Commission on Higher Education of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, Philippines 11:51 – 1:00 p.m. LUNCHBREAK 1:01 – 5:00 p.m. International Paper Presentations

3:01 – 3:10 p.m. Closing Ceremony Invocation National Anthem of Iran National Anthem of Thailand National Anthem of Singapore 3:11 – 3:15 p.m. Introduction of Keynote Speaker 4 3:16 – 3:55 p.m. Keynote Speech 4 DR. TATIK SURYANI Director of Management Program STIE Perbanas Surabaya Indonesia 3:56 – 4:00 p.m. Introduction of Keynote Speaker 5 4:01 – 4:40 p.m. Keynote Speech 5 DR. RENAN P. LIMJUCO Director Research, Publication, and Innovation Center (RPIC) University of the Immaculate Conception Philippines

Master of Ceremonies: MR. ARVIN DANIEL SALMINTE St. Andrew’s High School of Anini-Y, Inc. Philippines

4:41 – 5:00 p.m. Awarding Ceremony Best Oral Presenter Award Awarding of Certificates to the Participants Grand Pictorial

DAY 2 • October 27, 2017

8:01 – 9:00 a.m. Registration 9:01 – 12:00 n.n. International Paper Presentations 12:00 – 1:00 p.m. LUNCHBREAK 1:01 – 3:00 p.m. International Paper Presentations

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International Conference on Education and Technology 2017 October 26-28, 2017 • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Master of Ceremonies: PROF. MARY JANE G. BARLUARDO University of the Immaculate Conception Philippines DAY 3 • October 28, 2017 Individual Exploration of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Departure of the Participant


International Conference on Education and Technology (ICET 2017) Renaissance Kuala Lumpur Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia October 26-28, 2016

Author Citation Awards The International Association of Scholarly Publishers, Editors, and Reviewers, Inc. recognized researchers who have achieved research impact as evidenced by their citation count and H-index. Getting published is just half the journey. The researcher’s scientific work comes full circle in being cited. Citations, be it in journal or article, enables researchers to cultivate a stronger reputation in their field of expertise as well as promote research and ultimately, move forward in their careers.

TATIK SURYANI

STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia Citations: 753 H-Index: 5

KINGSTON RAJIAH

International Medical University, Malaysia Citations: 194 H-Index: 9

KOUROSH FATHI VAJARGAH Shahid Beheshti Univeristy, Iran Citations: 156 H-Index: 7

Source: Publish or Perish Software (http://harzing.com) and Google Scholar Citation

Theme: Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives

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International Conference on Education and Technology (ICET 2017) Renaissance Kuala Lumpur Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia October 26-28, 2016

Best Abstract Awards Best Abstract in Education LIU I WEI Chulalongkorn University, Thailand

Title of Study: The Effects of Debate Instruction through a Flipped Learning Environment on Speaking Ability and Critical Thinking Skills of Thai High School Students

Best Abstract in Education MARY JANE G. BARLUADO

University of the Immaculate Conception, Philippines Title of Study: Demystifying Trends in Pharmacist Licensure Exam: Search for a Phenomenologically – Based Blueprint for Steady Top Performance

Best Abstract in Technology CHING-JUNG WEI National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan

Title of Study: Improving Conceptual and Procedural Knowledge in Information Security by Bringing Industry into the Classroom

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International Conference on Education and Technology 2017 October 26-28, 2017 • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


International Conference on Education and Technology (ICET 2017) Renaissance Kuala Lumpur Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia October 26-28, 2016

Best Paper Awards

Best Paper Education JEREMIAH MOSQUEDA GRAFIA University of the Philippines-Diliman, Philippines

Title of Study: Filipino Language Acquisition of a JapanRaised Filipino in the Philippines

Best Paper Technology SI-RU CHEN

National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan Title of Study: The Development of the Diagnostic Inventory of Programming Misconceptions

Theme: Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives

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Keynote Speech Research Journals for University Faculties

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DJUWARI, Ph.D. djuwari@perbanas.ac.id Head of Research Journal Publication STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia

here has been a tremendous advancement of research journal publication throughout the world. It has changed from the printed copies into the Open Journal System (OJS). For being transparently searched and viewed by anyone any time, OJS-based research journals are scientifically obligaotory. To get the accreditation status, for example in Indonesia, the research journal must also be registered in Directory Open Access Journals (DOAJ). The trend of the DOAJ-research journals registration number has come up continually. As it is noted in the DOAJ (October 2017) the number of the journal is already 10,250 Journals, with 7,406 searchable at Article level, from 121 Countries, totally 2,638,379 articles (DOAJ, 2017). In Indonesia, there were 16,280 e-ISSN research journals in 2016, and up to this year 2017, there have been 931 DOAJ-registered research journals as documented by the Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education/ Ristekdikti, and this number is still growing up for the years to come. (Sadjugo, 2017). However, the trend above is related also to the sophistication and innovation. These activities are manifestation of the university faculties in any country any time. They are the pillars among the 12 pillars as the Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) has stipulated for the nations’ prosperity. These 12 pillars are grouped into three key indexes’ such as basic requirements sub-index, Efficiency enhancers’ sub-index, and Innovation and sophistication sub-index. For the first basic requirements, it includes four indicators: institutions, infrastructures, macroeconomic environment, and health and primary education. The second sub-index of efficiency enhancers include six indicators: higher education and training, good market efficiency, labor market efficiency, financial market development, technological readiness, and market size. The third sub-index includes business sophistication and innovation. For the university faculties, and in relation to the research journal publication, the pillars are probably to be in the second efficiency enhancers that is higher education and training, and the third sub index of sophistication and innovation. In that case, we have responsibility to enhance the nations’ prosperity by doing our job related to these two sub-indexes’ pillars: higher education and training, and sophistication and innovation. Doing a research and publishing the results of the research in the journals are the two activities that belong to our responsibility. It is the responsibility of being involved in making the nations prosperous and balanced throughout the country, if not the world. Research writing and journal publication— based on OJS and registered in DOAJ— are the two activities to be done for the university faculties. The International Association of Scholarly Publishers, Editors, and Reviewers (IASPER) is the organization that can become our arena for the two academic activities: research writing and journal article publication. As the members of IASPER, we should collaborate to create competitiveness so that the organization can continuously provide contributions not only to the members specifically, but also to the world public in general.

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International Conference on Education and Technology 2017 October 26-28, 2017 • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Keynote Speech Article Citation as a Defining Character of Research Impact GENARO V. JAPOS, PhD, DM, DHRM, DODT President, Philippine Association of Institution for Research, Inc. Member, National Research Council of the Philippines Division 8, Social Sciences

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research is not finished unless published! Article citation is one proof the researcher has nourished another researcher. Right from the moment of conception of the research, citation potential should already be addressed and made as one criterion for approving a research. A researcher must belong to a community in his discipline so he or she can build among his peers who are expected to cite him. A researcher needs to ask authors of the references being used to review the paper in the proposal and final manuscript.

Theme: Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives

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Keynote Speech

NORMA MANGONDATO SHARIEF, Ph.D. Regional Chairman II/Managing Commissioner Commission on Higher Education Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao nmsharief_chedarmm@yahoo.com

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his piece of manuscript is an account of forgotten and ignored fact about the education of the Bangsamoro People. This is a vital topic of discussion that will provide information and enlighten people’s understanding towards them. It will establish attitudinal determinants toward secular/western education and Islamic education. The topic will also help identify and distinguish the type of students enrolled in Muslim communities, locally, nationwide and in international setting. Possible solutions and recommendations would be drawn. This talk will serve as a basis why and how politics, poverty and peace would effect and affect positive changes for development and prosperous life for everyone and how it would ignite the flame and create destructive environment for human life. In conclusion, this talk will support the goals and objectives of this international conference with its honorable intentions to carry on the purpose of this forum that education and technology aimed to design a mechanism to reengineer and revolutionalize education according to the needs, demands and aspirations of the population; to concretize and strengthen people’s connection in order to achieve a develop and desirable life.

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International Conference on Education and Technology 2017 October 26-28, 2017 • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Keynote Speech Enhanching Financial and Marketing Competences of SMEs in Indonesia* TATIK SURYANI, Ph.D. tatik@perbanas.ac.id The Head of Master & Management Program STIE Perbanas Surabaya, Indonesia

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he Resource-Based View (RBV) of the firm stated that the company’s resources can become a source of competitive advantage to the company (Barney, 1991). Human resources, one of the company’s resources that in the process of development is rare, difficult to imitate, unique, and valuable is a source of competitive advantage. Small and medium enterprises in Indonesia which absorb 97.3% of the workforce in Indonesia are not only compete with other SMEs and large companies, but also compete to get market share due to abundance of cheap foreign products. One of the most important aspect contributing to business management is the competences of human resources. The result of the study about human resource competences in SMEs shows most of SMEs owners have not good enough in financial literacy, financial capability, and marketing competences. Lack of financial literacy (Suryani et al., 2016), financial capabilities and marketing competences have impact on business performance. These conditions also influence in financial management practice, specifically for making right making decision for investment and allocating money. The un effective and un efficient in managing money make them find difficulty in financial conditions. The low competences in marketing influence their financial performance such as sales growth in new customer increases, and customer satisfaction. Based on this conditions, efforts to enhance financial and marketing competencies are needed. How is the effective way by education to improve both these competencies? Strategies that can be pursued are: (1) certified training in financial and marketing management for SMEs, training SMEs through their community forums, (3) collaboration with higher education through community service program with main focus for competency improvement in finance and marketing, (4) knowledge sharing development in SMEs. The four programs should be integrated in management system of SME. Another strategic step for preparing earlier for new entrepreneurs is embedded financial literacy, financial management as well as skills enhancement in marketing management especially for marketing (digital) communications and sales. Now day, skills in both areas are still not become priority in the entrepreneurship and business school curriculum. Gratitude to the Higher Education Directorate General of Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education because some of idea of content is based on National Strategic Research Grants * Gratitude to Rr. Iramani and Lindiawati as a team of Research *

Theme: Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives

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Keynote Speech Research, Publication, and Innovation in Institutions of Higher Learning: Challenges, Implications, and Dynamic Response RENAN P. LIMJUCO, Ph.D. Director Research, Publication, and Innovation Center Davao City, Philippines

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his talk highlights the 8-cornered research management approach that is relevant to the prevailing research culture landscape of many institutions of higher learning in the Asia-Pacific region. The “octagonic” framework of research leadership to be introduced carefully contemplates on the doable strategies necessary to build and sustain the research culture of any academic institution that is confronted by the nuances of the academic research especially that which is associated with the ASEAN integration paradigms in educational and social spheres. Showcased in the speech are other efforts toward internationalization of instruction, research, industry and societal engagements. This conversation tackles the focal points required to propel the status of the university’s research publication and innovation efforts that are culturally sensitive and industryrecognized.

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International Conference on Education and Technology 2017 October 26-28, 2017 • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


SYNTHESIS OF ABSTRACTS

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PROF. BASHIRUDDIN A. AJIHIL, Ed.D. Vice President for Academic Affairs Dean, School of Graduate Studies Universidad de Zamboanga, Philippines

his international convergence of intellectuals consisting of Techno-Savvy Educators, Scholars, Publishers, Reviewers, Academic Managers and Administrators brings to the fore the essence of endless pursuit for knowledge and the responsibility of sharing the same with the global community. The exhaustive perusal of all the abstracts received and accepted for presentation in this conference yielded a macrocosm of research findings cutting across disciplines and educational hierarchy. The overriding themes of curriculum and globalization, organizational culture and climate, public accountability, academic leadership, research culture, human resource management and development, academic excellence, quality education and information communications technology pervade the spectrum of research findings. Specifically, in the field of education, the following were studied; language and communication skills, speaking ability and critical thinking, mathematics anxiety and performance predictors, board and entrance examinations, admission policy, employability and job performance, social studies on self-efficacy and resilience, drug addiction, health and science researches on silkworms and larvicidal activity and inter-professional education in health-care profession, business studies on small and medium enterprises (SME), cost accounting, e-commerce and customer satisfaction. The studies on music and dances delved into innovation and comparative analysis of the contemporary dance and popular dance styles. On the other hand, in the field of technology, the following were pursued; online instruction and distance education, diagnostic inventory of programming misconception, smartphone dependence vis-Ă -vis interpersonal relation and web-based tools in 21st century teaching in higher education as well as e-LGU web portal. The researches employed appropriate research methodologies of both the quantitative and qualitative methods with descriptive, phenomenology, grounded theory, case analysis, quasi-experimental and normative survey techniques in data collection. Appropriate statistical tools were applied in the systematic and logical analysis of the data collected. On the whole, it is anticipated that the results of all these researches will advance and add to the wealth of knowledge in education and technology and consequently will catalyze the professionalization of the research stakeholders, refinement of the profession, sustaining societal progress and developing lives for peace, security and prosperity. Altogether, the foregoing researches will give credence and vouch for the attainment of the conference objectives in promoting academic integrity in research and publication, disseminating research results for greater utilization, fostering collaboration among researchers and institutions in the promotion of researches and recognizing meritorious researchers and institutions. Words of commendation and recognition are hereby conveyed to the organizer, the International Association of Scholarly Publishers and Reviewers, Inc. (IASPER) for taking the leadership and the responsibility of promoting international research convergence and providing the interactive arena to share the various research findings on Education and Technology. As Albert Einstein aptly said, it is not the fruits of scientific research that elevate man and enrich his nature but the urge to understand, the intellectual work, creative or receptive. Henceforth, the wisdom we profess must certainly emanate from the endless search for meaning in our lives.

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Paper Presentations

Advancing the UIC Music Program and Music Education: The Timyas Tinig Musika Recognition in Focus RENAN P. LIMJUCO http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1812-8673 rlimjuco@uic.edu.ph University of the Immaculate Conception Davao City, Philippines The University of the Immaculate Conception (UIC) Music Program has existed for more than 60 years now. However, despite being the only HEI in the Davao region that offers Music degrees, the UIC Music Program has remained unpopular. Hence, the UIC Music program and the Research, Publication, and Innovations Center (RPIC) collaborated in this research to pilot giving the Timyas Tinig Musika Recognition to Davao region artists who have exemplified pure love for singing and commitment to showcase elements of musicality, leading to the promotion of Davao as a domain of artists who can inspire the younger generations through music. This mixed method participatory action research was conducted to draw out valid insights for Music Program curricular enhancement, thus provide a basis for action plans leading towards the development of a relevant, dynamic, and responsive Music program curricula in UIC, and institutionalization bestowing of a Music Recognition. By focus group discussion involving the Music Program faculty and selected students, eight themes emerged with existing aspects of the Program for curricular enhancement. By case analysis, four Mindanao music artists were chosen as recipients of the 2016 Timyas Tinig Musika Recognition, who were introduced in a concert showcase, which overall was rated very satisfactory by the 100 randomly chosen concert audience. The findings of the study provide basis for strategic action plans for the development of a more responsive, sustainable, and innovative Music Program curricula. Keywords: Music education, Timyas Tinig Musika recognition, participatory action research, music curriculum enhancement, Philippines *Co-Authors: Mary Jane G. Barluado, Monique M. Tagaytay, Monica F. Balibay

Innovation on the Framework of Special Education Transition Program ELINESA E. ABAMONGA http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6744-2888 eabamonga@xu.edu.ph University of Science and Technology in Southern Philippines Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines As children with special needs grow into youth and ultimately adulthood, they need afunctional transition program. This study aimed to determine if transition program in special education classes is functional according to the needs of the participating teachers in providing services to their students. Transition program was the unit being analyzed in the study which included program content, facilities used and assessment tools. Grounded Theory was employed to determine the issues and concerns of the program and design thinking framework guided the direction on how the study was conducted. Constant comparative method was used in analyzing the data that were gathered. Gap analysis data showed that there was an absence of collaboration with the community sector, government and industry participation were minimal including faculty trainings. Other factors that were noticeably low were administrative support, functional domains, and individualized needs. A proposed innovation on the module of instructions on the proper implementation of transition program came out positively in the innovation. After saturating the data, it resulted in theory generation on functional transition program which is strongly dependent on teachers’ commitment and advocacy. Understanding and providing the needs of the participants under transition program, empowered them to perform to their best effort since they are the key factors in making the transition program successful. Keywords: Special Education, transition program, children with special needs, grounded theory and Design thinking, Philippines

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International Conference on Education and Technology 2017 October 26-28, 2017 • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Paper Presentations

Causes of Failures among LPU-Cavite Engineering Students: Basis for an Action Plan for QEE Preparation ALDREN B. NARZOLES http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3935-807X aldren_narzoles@yahoo.com Lyceum of the Philippines University Cavite, Philippines Primarily, Qualifying Engineering Examination (QEE) is conducted to evaluate the Lyceum of the Philippines University – Cavite (LPU-C) engineering students’ extensive understanding on the fundamental principles of mathematics and science. Descriptive measures were used in determining the percentage of the students who passed and failed the QEE. In three (3) years of QEE implementation, majority of the takers were during the semestral break of the second semester. The recorded highest percentage of passing was last October 2012 with 100% passing rate while the lowest was observed last October 2013 with only 48.65%. For that, this study was established to determine the causes of failures of the engineering students who took QEE. A qualitative design was used and revealed that among factors (school based factors, socio-economic factors, and students’ personal factors), students’ personal factors is the major problem followed by the socio-economic factor. No response identifying that school based factor as one of the causes of failure in taking the QEE. The study also revealed that students have difficulty in analyzing problems in Chemistry, Physics, and Mathematics. It was showed that the group of students has a weak foundation in understanding their basic subjects in engineering. An action plan for QEE preparation was designed as output of this study. Keywords: Qualifying Engineering Examination, Engineering Students, Qualitative Design, Descriptive Statistics, Philippines *Co-Author: Leah Q. Santos

E-Math Device as an Assessment Tool in Teaching Mathematics to Grade Nine Philippine Learners ARCHIE M. TORCENDE http://orcid.org/ 0000-0002-0212-9786 archie.torcende@deped.gov.ph Department of Education, Carcar City Division, Carcar City, Cebu, Philippines Electronic Mathematics (E-Math) device is a technology driven instructional material constructed as an aid in assessing the performance of the students in the teaching - learning process. The researcher assessed the effectiveness of the use of Electronic Mathematics (E-Math) device as an assessment tool in teaching quadratic equation in Mathematics for grade nine. A quasi - experimental method used in the study. The two heterogeneous groups of grade nine students were exposed in a pre-post test using paper and pencil and E-Math device with 30 subjects per group. It was found out that the level of performance of Mathematics nine students “did not meet the expectations” and was “satisfactory” in the pretest and post test assessment using E-Math device, respectively and “did not meet the expectations” in both pretest-posttest using the paper and pen assessment. In addition, there were significant differences in the pretest performance of the students using paper and pen and E-math device, pretest performance of the students using paper and pen and posttest using paper and pen, pretest performance of the students using E-Math device and posttest using E-math, and posttest performance of the students using paper and pen and E-math device . All hypotheses tested at 0.05 level of significance had significant difference however, using of E-Math device in the post-test have significantly high level of performance. It was concluded that E-Math device is an effective tool used as an assessment in quadratic equations in Mathematics nine students in the Philippines. Thus, it is imperative to use this tool as an assessment in Mathematics nine. Keywords: Education, E-Mathematics, assessment tool, quasi-experimental design, Philippines *Co-Author: Aileen O. Robles

Theme: Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives

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Paper Presentations

Level of Self – Efficacy and Resilience among Adolescent Mothers BEBELYN V. MIRA http://orcid.org/ 0000-0002-6272-0949 bebs198225@gamil.com Cebu Institute of Technology–University Philippines Early parenthood is associated with challenging life trajectories, both antecedent to and following the transition to parenthood. Young women who become mothers as adolescents are less likely to be successful in educational, occupational and economic attainment, and are more likely to be single parents, to live in poverty, and to have been victims of abuse than are women who become mothers as adults (Easterbrooks, 2010; Borkowski, Whitman, & Farris, 2007).The study aimed assess the level of self-efficacy and resilience among adolescent mothers and know and understand the risks and challenges that an adolescent mother had encountered and how she socially adjusts to such adversities by understanding the level of her self-efficacy and resilience. A descriptive-quantitative research design was used. Purposive sampling was utilized. The three part questionnaire was used in the study: the first part was the demographic questionnaire, the next is Adversity Response Profile by Paul Stoltz and the last was the General Self-Efficacy Scale developed by Schwarzer, R., & Jerusalem, M. Ethical considerations were observed. The level of resilience of the adolescent mothers based on the adversity response profile is Moderately Low with a weighted mean of 3.23 and level of self-efficacy of the adolescent mothers as measured using the General Self-Efficacy Scale is moderate with a weighted mean of 2.68. The level of self-efficacy is moderate despite resilience is moderately low. Even though the situation is difficult, that can be augmented by maximizing one’s potential of overcome adversity. Keywords: Social sciences, adolescent mothers, self-efficacy, resilience, descriptive design, Philippines *Co-Authors: Jane Nichole C. Gubalane, Cyrille Y. Panimdim

Development of e-LGU Web Portal for San Pablo City, Philippines CATHERINE A. CASTILLO http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4909-1375 catherine.castillo@lspu.edu.ph Laguna State Polytechnic University Del Remedio, San Pablo City MA. CONCEPCION R. REPALAM http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0930-6490 ma.concepcion.repalam@lspu.edu.ph Laguna State Polytechnic University Del Remedio, San Pablo City, Philippines The study intends to bring the rural community of San Pablo City to the mainstream of development, broaden access to technology, and contribute to people empowerment through the use of information and communication technology. With this in mind, the proponents developed a barangay web portal for the city of San Pablo, Laguna. This portal, which will be utilized by eighty (80) barangays, will help the government and the citizens of San Pablo City in the transaction of business at the barangay level. The researchers aim to develop a user-friendly site contains updated information, events and activities of each barangay, downloadable forms and documents, and accessible search features, email and comments page. The system was developed using iterative client- design process, which is a combination of iterative and incremental model which focuses on customer satisfaction. The developed system was evaluated by seventy-five (75) barangay officials, secretaries, residents as well as twenty (20) IT experts using ISO 9126 – 1 for quality software. Results showed that the portal is rated as Excellent in terms of Functionality, Reliability, Usability, Efficiency, Maintainability and Portability. Evaluation results using descriptive statistics has an overall mean of 4.66 for barangay officials and residents and 4.41 for IT experts. Officials is recommending for full implementation of the web portal. Keywords: Information technology, e-government, web portal, research and development, Philippines

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International Conference on Education and Technology 2017 October 26-28, 2017 • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Paper Presentations

Improving Conceptual and Procedural Knowledge in Information Security by Bringing Industry into the Classroom CHING-JUNG WEI http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0607-1841 cmpsedu5322@gmail.com National Taiwan Normal University Taiwan With the rapid development of information technology, the issue of information security is being valued and constantly discussed, having a great impact in various industries as well. However, while the information security technology is changing with each passing day, the education of security taught in schools is still based on traditional theories (conceptual knowledge), which cannot fully cover the abilities and practical skills (procedural knowledge) required in the authentic world and workplace. To implement a practical instruction of information security, this study merged academic teachers and professionals from industries to organize a one-week summer course. Besides course lecturing, we also invited security-related companies or local security communities to the class, having hands-on session. In the end of the course, we arranged an opportunity for students to practices and conduct real problem-solving tasks via Capture The Flag (CTF), a platform of topics announcement and evaluation. The study aimed to understand the impact of industrial instructors on students’ conceptual and procedural knowledge (practical skills), and the views on the issues of information security by assessing the changes in students’ knowledge, skills, and attitudes through examinations and questionnaires. For further educational consideration, we hope we are able to propose feasible options of introducing professionals from industries to teach topics on future information security or other engineering fields. Keywords: Computer Science Education, Information Security, Teachers from Industries, Taiwan *Co-Author: Yu-Tzu Lin,Shin-Ming Cheng, Hsu-Chun Hsiao

The Life with a Drug Addict Parents: A Phenomenological Study CYRILLE PANIMDIM http://orcid.org/ 0000-0003-0909-0818 cyrilleyp121@gmail.com Cebu Institute of Technology–University Philippines The parent-child relationship is influenced by the role of social, cultural and contextual factors that determine child development. Drug addiction is very rampant in the society that involves both the children and the parent/s as well. The phenomenological design was used, and in-depth individual interview with ten informants who were children of drug addicted parent/s were conducted. A snowball sampling technique was used to reach informants with the following criteria: aged 18 years and above, living with their parent who were drug addict within one year or more, and who were not intoxicated during the data gathering. The individual in-depth interview was conducted after transactional consent was secured. The data were analyzed using the Colaizzi’s method. Wherein six themes emerged: (1) Parental Hatred (2) Co-Dependency (3) Economic Distress (4) Fear of Aggression (5) Emotional Blocking (6) Longing for Situational Change; (Major Theme) The Complexity of the Scene. The lived experience of children with drug addict parents is much complicated. There are three nursing implications were drawn: (1) there is a negative impact of living with a drug addict parents; (2) Some children of drug addict parents strive to rationalize emotion; (3) despite the circumstances that the children have experienced some have developed a positive outlook on life. Keywords: Social Science, drug addiction, children with drug addicted parents, phenomenology, Philippines *Co-Authors: Lourinn Mae C. Diaz, Joyce C. Estrera

Theme: Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives

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Paper Presentations

Development of a Human Resource Management System for the University of the Immaculate Conception NEIL C. CAPRICHO http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4579-5321 ncapricho@uic.edu.ph University of the Immaculate Conception Davao City, Philippines This study intended to provide a Human Resource Management System for the University of the Immaculate Conception to cater a systematic implementation of employee’s rank and promotion, leave master data, updating of employee profile and provision of the certificate of employment. This study comprised two methods for system implementation, the System Development Life Cycle (SDLC) framework and 4D (Define, Design, Develop, and Deploy) Methodology. The important functionalities of the system were tested to find the bugs that might have caused the system to fail. The system’s test cases were composed of two parts: connectivity of the system to the local database and verification of the data that appear in the data report designer window as those in the database. Findings revealed that the system exhibited efficiency according to performance and functionalities. The test cases were successfully met. Thus, the researcher recommended for the full implementation of the system and additional features covering all operations in the Human Resource Office of the university. Keywords: Human resource management system, systematic implementation, test cases, Human Resource, University of the Immaculate Conception, Philippines

Google Classroom as an Instructional Platform in the Graduate Studies of Universidad de Zamboanga (UZ) BASHIRUDDIN A. AJIHIL http//orcid.org/0000-0002-4366-2915 bash.ajihil@uz.edu.ph Universidad de Zamboanga Main Campus, Don Toribio Street, Barangay Tetuan, Zamboanga City The online instruction or distance education known as open distance e-learning (ODeL) has become a popular as a mode of instructional alternative from the conventional classroom setting. Professionals aspiring for promotion need to earn a graduate degree to be qualified educationally. However, because of their jobs and work responsibility, they could hardly go to the university and physically attend classes. The only means available for these professionals to earn the needed degree is through e-learning or distance education. The Universidad de Zamboanga has partnered with Google and employs the Google Classroom as an instructional platform, and the School of Graduate Studies embarked on its utilization in the 2014. After the two years of implementation, this study became imperative to determine its viability by assessing and evaluating its degree or extent of utilization taking the students as the source of data being the ones directly involved in its implementation. The quantitativedescriptive method of research was used with survey questionnaire-checklist. The study yielded great extent of implementation of google classroom with favorable, affirmative, encouraging, promising, and most likely to be practiced by UZ SGS. Likewise, there was no significant difference in the perception of the respondents based on the program they were enrolled. It was therefore recommended that google classroom must be sustained with further innovation in its full implementation in the university. Keywords: Google Classroom, online instruction, open distance e-learning (OdeL), quantitative-descriptive research, Philippines

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International Conference on Education and Technology 2017 October 26-28, 2017 • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Paper Presentations

Selection of Superior Bivoltine Silkworm Hybrids through Combining Ability Test and Multiple Evaluation Index GEMMA E. SUPSUP http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0581-0243 gemma.supsup@gmail.com Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University, Sericulture Research and Development Institute Bacnotan, La Union Philippines Quality silkworm breed is the most essential factor in the development of sericulture industry. Hence, identification and selection of superior hybrid is necessary. Six parental breeds (DMMMSU 108, 109, 110, 111, 113 and 119) were utilized for the preparation of 30 crosses in diallel mating system. These were reared under standard rearing conditions and evaluated based on four important economical genetic traits such as effective rearing rate (ERR), cocoon yield box-1 (CYB-1), single cocoon weight (SCW) and cocoon shell percentage (CSP). Variations among genotypes were established, thus, analyses were done resulting to DMMMSU 119, 111 and 110 as the best combiners to improve CYB-1; DMMMSU 110 and 119 for SCW; DMMMSU 111 and 110 for ERR; and DMMMSU 119 and 108 for CSP. These purelines, could either be used as male or female parents in developing F1 hybrids. Based on Combining Ability (CA) test and Evaluation Index (EI), five (5) new hybrids (DMMMSU 119x108, DMMMSU 110x119, DMMMSU 110x113, DMMMSU 119x111 and DMMMSU 108x119) were identified as superior. Their superiority is due to the possible dominant action of genes contributed by the parent with a high (CA) effect and EI value. Thus, these hybrids are potentially superior for commercial cocoon production. Keywords: Sericulture, combining ability, evaluation index, silkworm, pureline, hybrid, Philippines *Co-Authors: Julieta P. Abuan, Marlyn M. Viduya, Marybel L. Sanchez, Maricris E. Ulat

Demystifying Trends in Pharmacist Licensure Exam: Search for a Phenomenologically – Based Blueprint for Steady Top Performance MARY JANE G. BARLUADO http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1340-0292 mbarluado@uic.edu.ph University of the Immaculate Conception Davao City, Philippines More than 60 pharmacy schools in the Philippines vie to make it as top performing schools in the biannual national pharmacist licensure examinations (PLE). Using the phenomenology approach, this action research delved into the lived experiences of 22 purposively selected students, graduates, and teachers of the University of the Immaculate Conception (UIC) Pharmacy Program, in their journey towards taking the PLE. Particularly, it explored the participants’ challenges and insights about their and the school’s PLE performances, and how these can be used to develop action plans to sustain being a top performing pharmacy school in the country. A triangulation of in-depth interviews and focus group discussions were utilized to gather the data. The trustworthiness of the study was reinforced by the informed consent process, member checks and debriefing, data saturation, and researcher reflexivity. Thematic analysis of the data revealed five structural themes. As an overarching essence of the PLE phenomenon, the school’s PLE performances are innately built in the paradigm shifts required of and in five interwoven entities: the school and program administrators, the program faculty and students, instruction, facilities, and support services, which individually, collectively, consequentially, and circuitously impact overall PLE ratings. The findings formed basis for the formulated strategic action plans. Keywords: Pharmacy education, pharmacist licensure examination (PLE), school performance, phenomenology, thematic analysis, action plans, Philippines *Co-Authors: Ma. Eva C. San Juan, Renan P. Limjuco

Theme: Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives

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Paper Presentations

Predictors of Performance in Mathematics of Grade 10 Students in Selected Schools in District III, Division of Bulacan IAN CHARLES R. BLAS ian08_16@yahoo.com http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6290-4257 Department of Education Partida High School Bulacan, Philippines Teachers are only facilitators of learning, and discussions are always student-centered; thus, the students are still the best creators of their performance to achieve the best learning outcomes. The study aimed to determine the predictors of performance of the grade 10 students in selected schools in Division of Bulacan. The predictors were limited to Mathematics Study Skills, Mathematics Self-Efficacy Beliefs in Solving Mathematics Problems and Competing in Everyday-Life Mathematics tasks, and Mathematics Self-Concept. Descriptive method of research was used to obtain the needed information from 368 respondents who were chosen through proportional stratified sampling technique. All instruments used were adapted from foreign studies. The statistical tools were Frequency, Percentage, Weighted Mean, and Multiple Linear Regression Analysis. Based on the findings, the following conclusions were drawn: (a) the level of the respondents’ mathematics study skills was “moderate”; (b) their level of mathematics self-efficacy beliefs was “slightly not confident”; (c) their level of mathematics self-concept was “agree”; (d) the majority of the respondents had “proficient” level of performance in mathematics; and (e) mathematics self-efficacy beliefs in solving mathematics problems and mathematics self-concept significantly predicted the respondents’ performance in mathematics, but mathematics study skills and mathematics self-efficacy beliefs in competing in everyday-life mathematics tasks did not significantly predict their performance. Keywords: Mathematics Education, predictors, academic performance, descriptive method, Philippines

Attitude towards the Implementation of the K-12 EsP Curriculum among the Teachers of the Division of Taguig and Pateros IONA OFELIA B. ZANORIA http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7504-4321 zanoria.iob@pnu.edu.ph Philippine Normal University – South Luzon, Philippines

Values Education is the heart of education and it is important to establish the program through it’s implementer – the Values Education Teachers. Thus, this study aimed to assess the attitude of the teachers from the Division of Taguig City and Pateros, Philippines towards the implementation of the Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao (Values Education) of the K-12 Curriculum. The descriptive method of research was utilized in this study. Data gathered from the respondents were analyzed and interpreted through the use of the following statistical treatments: frequency and percentage distribution to establish the profile of the respondents; weighted mean to show the average responses. Most of the respondents are not Values Education Major, only a few of them earned a degree related to Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao (Values Education) and only a minimal number of the respondents were able to attend the EsP mass training or any training related to Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao (Values Education). The study proved that despite the fact that majority of EsP teachers are not Values Education major, they have a favorable attitude towards the implementation of the program when it comes to the content, strategies, and techniques in teaching and the implementation of the program as a whole. Keywords: Education, attitudes, implementation, K-12 Curriculum, descriptive design, Philippines

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International Conference on Education and Technology 2017 October 26-28, 2017 • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Paper Presentations

Different Oviposition Materials for Improved Economic Traits of DMMMSU-SRDI F1 Silkworm Hybrids JANET D. MANUEL http://orcid.org/0000-003-2911-6923 jdmanuel28@gmail.com Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University, Sericulture Research and Development Institute Bacnotan, La Union Philippines Silkworm egg production is an intense job that involves up-to-date and efficient sericulture technologies in order to produce sufficient quantity and quality silkworm eggs. Success of sericulture as a cash crop depends on the vitality and disease freeness of silkworm egg supplied to the farmers (Narasimhanna, 1988). Sericulture advanced countries reared hybrid silkworm for commercial cocoon production. F1 hybrids are usually better in productivity and resistance to diseases. The oviposition (egg-laying) materials for silkmoth were studied to determine the best and most economical material for egg production of F1 silkworm hybrids. The study tested three oviposition materials such as the loose egg sheet, cellular bag, and egg card for the improvement of the economic traits of F1 silkworm hybrids. Employing the standard operating procedure in egg production like moth examination, surface disinfection, acid treatment, and incubation, silkworm eggs were evaluated based on the hatching percentage. Rearing performance was assessed based on the rearing parameters used. Results revealed that there is no significant difference among treatments in the hatchability and the rearing performance of silkworm. However, using loose egg sheet gave the highest return on investment (ROI) of 67.62%. Thus, the material is more economical, locally available, facilitates surface disinfection, less acid absorbed during treatment, and reusable. Keywords: Sericulture, silkworm egg production, oviposition, loose egg, acid treatment, experimental design, Philippines

Filipino Language Acquisition of a Japan-Raised Filipino in the Philippines JEREMIAH MOSQUEDA GRAFIA http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7069-9086 jmgrafia@up.edu.ph University of the Philippines – Diliman Philippines Filipinos work outside the country due to several reasons. Some of these workers bring their children with them. These children acquire the language spoken in that country. Some of these children return to the Philippines and encounter a difficulty in terms of communication. They acquired a language different from Filipino. As a response, these children strive to acquire Filipino as their second language to communicate. There are problems in terms of the Filipino language acquisition. The study aimed to find out how to facilitate the second language acquisition of people who has a foreign language as a mother tongue. The method of the study includes a qualitative analysis of the interviews conducted with the relatives of the subject, an implementation of a program with the subject, and analysis of the observations of the subject’s teachers and classmates. The study revealed that the similarities of the mother tongue and the target language facilitates language acquisition. The exposure to the target language facilitates acquisition but poses a threat since mother tongue is observed to be undergoing language attrition. Children who acquired a language different from mother tongue, and need to acquire a certain language due to need would benefit in this study. Keywords: Language Acquisition, mother tongue, second language, qualitative analysis, Philippines

Theme: Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives

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Paper Presentations

Accountability Problem of Non-Government Organization on Practice: Perspective from Stakeholder Theory ANIK YUESTI http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4546-9895 anikunmas@gmail.com Mahasaraswati Denpasar University Bali, Indonesia This research is continuation of the previous research. This study aims to see the accountability problem of non-government organization from the perspective of Stakeholder theory. Accountability had a problem in its practice and theory. The problems of accountability in practice are performance assessment and evaluation, participation, self-regulation, social audit. The problem accountability on theory is cannot easy be applied by Non-Governmental Organization’s because they are social organizations. Therefore, it is interesting to know the practices and the accountability of NGO. The researcher used section two of interpretive existential phenomenology method to understand a phenomenon. That is eidetic reduction. Stakeholder theory is used to analyze problems with MBM organization activity assumption, which is related to the donors and community. The results of the research by eidetic reduction deep show that the problem of accountability based on stakeholder perspective theory is system of control the practice accountability. The system of control the practice of accountability can’t bring the owners, the management, and workers to real practice of accountability because Stakeholder theory does not emphasize on the vertical relationship or the relationship with God as the Owner. They are never realized that the control system is so important. Keywords: Accountability, performance assessment and evaluation, participation, self-regulation, social audit, nongovernment organization, stakeholder theory, interpretive existential phenomenology, Indonesia *Co-Authors: Ni Nyoman Ayu Suryandari, Ni Putu Wenny Saitri

Motivational Variables in English Language Acquisition and Reading Performance

JODERIC C. NAVARRETE http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1010-1414 jude_angela_joy@yahoo.com Leyte Normal University Leyte, Philippines

Numerous studies have shown that motivation is an important aspect of every successful endeavor. Using descriptivecorrelational design, this study sought to identify the motivational variables in English language acquisition that could relate to reading performance of 260 senior high school students in some selected schools in Leyte, Philippines. Specifically, Motivational Variables Questionnaires (The Desire to Learn English Scale, The Anomie Scale, The Cultural Allegiance Scale, The Parental Encouragement Scale, Interest in Foreign Language Scale, and The Ethnocentrism Scale) and Reading Performance Test were administered. Results showed that respondents have a satisfactory level in most of the motivational variables: desire to learn English, cultural allegiance, parental encouragement, interest in foreign language, and ethnocentrism. However, students’ reading performance showed needs improvement. In terms of correlation, Pearson’s r revealed no significant relationship between respondents’ reading performance and motivational variables identified except anomie. Consequently, this study recommends that high school English teachers must opt to devise ways to improve students’ reading performance through application of research-based pedagogies. Further, efforts to identify other motivational variables that could relate or affect students’ reading performance must be made. Keywords: English language acquisition, motivation and reading performance, descriptive-correlational design, Philippines

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International Conference on Education and Technology 2017 October 26-28, 2017 • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Peace Education Strategy in Teaching Mathematics: A Modular Approach

Paper Presentations

JOEL C. ARENAS http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7027-2197 jojosanera@yahoo.com.ph Notre Dame University Philippines This study aimed to integrate Peace Education in Mathematics using the cooperative learning activities and to determine if it has a significant effect on the Knowledge, Skills, and Attitudes (KSA) of conflict affected first-year students of Mindanao State University – Maguindanao. This study used the quasi-experimental design employing the pretest-posttest technique. The respondents were asked to take a pretest before they were given the modules and a posttest after they used them. A t-test was used to determine the significant difference between the pre and post assessment on KSA and, pretest and posttest of the prepared test. Findings of the study showed that on Knowledge assessment, the students rated themselves as fair in pre-assessment and satisfactory in the post-assessment. On Skills assessment, the students evaluated themselves as fair in pre-assessment and satisfactory in the post-assessment. On attitude assessment, the students rated themselves as fair in pre-assessment and satisfactory in the post-assessment. Students got a very low performance in the pretest, but the posttest result of the prepared test showed a noticeable improvement after the strategy had been used. T-test results of the pre and post assessment of the knowledge, skills and attitudes of the students show that there is a significant difference between the pre and post assessment. It is then concluded that students’ Knowledge, Skills, and Attitudes (KSA) are fully developed in Mathematics using the Peace Education Strategy. Keywords: Mathematics, Education, Peace Education, Modular Approach, Cooperative Learning, Knowledge, Skills, Attitudes, Prepared Test, Quasi-Experiment, Mindanao State University-Maguindanao, Philippines

Karl Heinrich Marx’s Das Kapital: Contextualizing its Relevance to the Contemporary Filipino Workers ASISCLO III M. ABONADO http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7496-5070 abonado2012@gmail.com University of the Immaculate Conception Davao City Philippines The paper expounds on Karl Heinrich Marx’s notion of human work in his magnum opus, Das Kapital and its relevance to the contemporary Filipino workers. For this purpose, the qualitative research employing hermeneutics approachwas used for exposing the meaning of Human Work supported with various credible sources of information. This scholarly work articulates that Man cooperates with Nature in building new objects that led to the significant development of the human civilization but also caused a dramatic change in his own nature. Man’s harmonious relationship with nature, nevertheless, has been ruined as he produces products only for the capitalist who is the capital personified. Accordingly, man becomes alienated from his working condition, nature and from the commodity that he produced. In the Philippine context, amidst the claims of good economic performance in the previous years, our workers reaped no fruits from the economic growth. Hence, for Marx, the only way for the worker to liberate himself from the suffering and to achieve an egalitarian society is to start a struggle against the capitalist. I strongly suggest that the readers must be knowledgeable of the principles of Karl Marx and for them to see their relevance to the issues of work in the contemporary Philippine society. Keywords: Philosophy, Karl Heinrich Marx’s Das Kapital, nature, work, hermeneutics approach, Filipino workers, Philippines *Co-Author: Alvin John J. Neyra, Heidi P. Capangpangan

Theme: Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives

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Paper Presentations

Music Technology in Philosophy JOSELITO R. GARCIANO http://orcdi.org/0000-0003-3802-3796 Garciano_art@yahoo.com University of Cebu Lapu-Lapu Mandaue Mandaue City, Philippines This research study assessed the integration of Music Technology in Philosophy at the University of Cebu Lapu-Lapu Mandaue, Philippines. It used the normative - descriptive survey method and it aimed to determine the significant difference among the TAM constructs and the acceptability of Music Technology between the students and the teachers. The students and teacher-respondents strongly agree that the system based on Aesthetics, Computer Lay-out, Content, and Audio, is acceptable. Using the Technology Acceptance Model or TAM, the student-respondents agree on the acceptability of music technology in Philosophy. Noteworthy is the result which depicted that the student-respondents strongly agree only on the Perceived Usefulness of music technology in Philosophy. Applying the chi-square test method, there is no significant difference in the acceptability of music technology among the respondents. Henceforth, the integration of Music Technology in Philosophy is usable and acceptable for both students and teachers. Keywords: Music Technology, TAM or Technology Acceptance Model, Philosophy, normative-descriptive design, Philippines *Co-Author: Marichu D. Garciano

Customized Laboratory Manual in Teaching Science: Its Effect on Science Process Skills Development JUDITH S. RABACAL http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4147-5964 judithrabacal.jr@gmail.com Northern Negros State College of Science and Technology, Old Sagay, Sagay City, Negros Occidental

This study aimed to determine the effect of customized laboratory manual on science process skills development of Grade 7 students. The pretest posttest experimental research design was utilized in this study, Philippines. The subjects of this study were the Grade 7 students of Julio Ledesma National High School. The data in this study were obtained using the validated and reliable questionnaire. Frequency, mean, and t-test were the statistical tool used in this study. Findings revealed that the level of academic performance in basic and integrated science process skills of the experimental group during pre-test and post was low to very high. Findings also revealed that the level of academic performance in basic and integrated science process skills of control group during pre-test and post was low to average. No significant difference in pre-test performance in basic and integrated science process skills of experimental and control groups. There is a highly significant difference in post-test performance in basic and integrated science process skills of experimental and control groups. There is a highly significant difference in the pretest and posttest performance in basic and integrated science process skills of experimental and control group. There is a highly significant difference in the mean gains of pretest and posttest performance in basic and integrated science process skills of experimental and control groups. Keywords: Education, customized laboratory manual, teaching science, science process skills, experimental design, Philippines

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International Conference on Education and Technology 2017 October 26-28, 2017 • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Paper Presentations

Application of Web 2.0 Tools in Teaching 21St Century Students in Higher Education in Calabarzon, Philippines MARITES D. OLEA http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5027-5668 marites.dimaano@yahoo.com St. Bridget College, Batangas City

Quality education considered as a crucial factor to produce a competent professional to build a strong nation and to bring out the best way to get along with global competition. Thus, this study aimed to determine the current practices in using Web 2.0 tools in 15 selected Higher Education Institutions in CALABARZON in relation to communication and collaboration, creativity and innovation, and instructional design. It also considered its level of acceptability for classroom instruction as assessed by administrators, teachers and students. The level of seriousness of the problems met in the integration relative to teachers’ preparation, curriculum content and administrative support were also evaluated. Research design was descriptive survey method with the use of a researcher-constructed questionnaire as the data gathering instrument. The method and instrument employed were deemed appropriate to determine the viability of providing the students with an alternative delivery of learning through Web 2.0 tools for instruction. Weighted mean, T-test and Probability values, Percentage and Standard Deviation were the statistical tools used to test the hypothesis posited in this study. The hypothesis tested the significant differences between two groups of respondents regarding the extent of use of Web 2.0 tools in classroom instruction. Results revealed that to a very great extent, integration of Web 2.0 tools in classroom promotes learner to interact, build learning community and promotes student active participation in the classroom and increases student’s productivity. Based on the findings and conclusions, the researcher developed an offline game-based interactive instructional material that support instruction and collaboration and could be used to enhance students’ critical thinking and problem-solving skills to achieve better learning outcomes. Keywords: Web 2.0 tools, 21st Century students, Communication and Collaboration, Higher Education, Philippines

Services and Needs of Music Industry Players in Davao City: Basis for Curriculum Enhancement PORFERIA S. PORALAN http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6573-3174 pporalan@uic.edu.ph University of the Immaculate Concepcion Davao City, Philippines The business potential of the targeted industry is a viable venue to explore solutions to unemployment or underemployment and therefore must be connected strongly to the curricular plan of any higher education institution here and abroad. Thus, the purpose of this investigation is to assess the current situation of the music industry of Davao City, whether or not this possesses substantial data to support the need for a curricular enhancement of the University of the Immaculate Conception Music Program. A descriptive survey was used to gather the data from the music industry proprietors operating in the city in terms of the services, equipment availability, and needed human resources. Findings of the survey revealed that establishing and operating piano schools/centers, providing karaoke services, and involving in music entertainment as performers topped the services offered by the music industry players. These primary services cater the areas of education, business, and entertainment alike. Meanwhile, the top available sets of equipment available in the local music industry were the keyboard and grand piano. The data also showed that the music industry primarily needs a musician, an audio engineer/sound engineer, and a financial staff/bookkeeper. Moreover, music industry players also agree that dedication, discipline and interpersonal skills should be developed among the graduates of the University. Hence, it was recommended that the classroom music instruction be infused with real-life exercises to further the development of soft skills through the integration of information technology, business and production of creative products as curricular enhancement of the music education in the University. Keywords: Music education, services, human resources needs, music equipment music industry, curriculum enhancement, survey, Philippines *Co-Authors: Chester Herrero, Febriene D. Pitao, Keith Robin Von M Babelonio, Charles Pnuel Matthew R.Quiazon

Theme: Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives

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Paper Presentations

English Language Development and Proficiency Profile: A Case Study of the Communication Skills of Deaf Students of the Dalubhasaan ng Lungsod ng Lucena MARY ROSE Q. CABREROS http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5342-4593 sameeyahz_coolmom@yahoo.com Dalubhasaan ng Lungsod ng Lucena Isabang, Lucena City 4301 Language is a central element to learning, as one cannot communicate understanding if there is no comprehension of language in any form. Language acquisition may come naturally for people without sensorial disabilities. But for deaf children, language acquisition happens differently and comparably delayed than hearing children. This case study attempts to make an in-depth inquiry of the communication skills of the SPED students of the Dalubhasaan ng Lungsod ng Lucena (DLL). A survey focusing on genetic, social and formal education component was administered, as well as an English Proficiency Test in the areas of Vocabulary, Grammar, Reading Comprehension, Analysis (Cause and Effect; Making Inferences) and Following Directions. A Focus Group Discussion was also conducted to gather data regarding problems encountered in their English classes. The following instruments were utilized: frequency and percentage for the English Proficiency Test, while Conversation Analysis for Focus Group Discussion. Findings revealed that the majority of the respondents who have the most number of family members and friends who can do sign language scored highest in the English Proficiency test. The results further revealed that Vocabulary, Reading Comprehension and Making Inferences were the three key areas where the respondents exhibit the lowest skills. These facts point out that teaching methods need to be adjusted to suit the needs of the SPED learners because the deaf’s language formation is different in nature with that of the hearing. Thus, the researcher strongly recommends crafting a separate curriculum for the SPED students of Dalubhasaan ng Lungsod ng Lucena. Keywords: Developmental communication, language development and proficiency, focus group discussion, Philippines

Influences of Administrators’ Leadership and Communication Skills on Teachers’ Empowerment and Students’ Achievement MONA-ALLEA LEE MATOLO http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5598-5976 monaallealee_matolo@yahoo.com Mindanao State University Tawi-Tawi College of Technology and Oceanography, Philippines Every successful and effective school system depends on how a particular administrator takes its part as a leader. This study aimed to determine the influence of administrators’ leadership and communication skills on teachers’ empowerment and students’ achievement in public secondary schools in Bongao, Tawi-Tawi, Philippines. This study made use of a descriptive-quantitative design. The respondents were the teachers and students of five public secondary schools in the above-mentioned locale. The research instruments were surveyed questionnaire and interview guide. Based on the findings of the study, administrators from public secondary schools in the said locale manifested an average extent of practice for leadership styles and communication skills. In terms of teachers’ empowerment, teachers also manifested an average extent of practice. Moreover, in terms of students’ achievement, students showed low achievement in English, Reading, Science and Mathematics. Furthermore, administrators’ leadership styles significantly influence teachers’ empowerment but do not significantly influence students’ achievement. Meanwhile, administrators’ communication skills significantly influence teachers’ empowerment and students’ achievement. However, teachers’ empowerment does not significantly influence students’ achievement among public secondary schools in Bongao, Tawi-Tawi. Thus, the research findings support the idea that administrators’ leadership styles influence teachers, empowerment while administrators’ communication skills influence both teachers’ empowerment and students’ achievement in public secondary schools in Bongao, Tawi-Tawi, Philippines. Keywords: Social sciences, leadership, communication skills, teacher’s empowerment, students achievement, Philippines

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International Conference on Education and Technology 2017 October 26-28, 2017 • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Development of Online Discussion System: Its acceptability

Paper Presentations

NOLY M. DE RAMOS http://orcid.org/ 0000-0003-4448-7060 deramo.nm@.pnu.edu.ph Philippine Normal University South Luzon Quezon 4316, Philippines Educators nowadays looked for an innovative way to continue the learning process even brought by the suspension of classes. Hence, the creation of a learning management system is an effective alternative form of education to people without leaving home. The study aimed is to develop an online discussion system for students enrolled in educational technology at Philippine Normal University, Philippines. The descriptive developmental research design was utilized, with the questionnaire as the main research instrument. The results revealed that in terms of site origin, the panel of evaluators rated it as “Highly Acceptable” with a mean average of 0.84. In design or development, the panel of evaluators agreed that it is “Highly Acceptable” with a mean average of 0.83. The content materials were also regarded as “Highly Acceptable” with a mean average of 0.89. The easy access showed a mean average of 0.88 and interpreted as “Highly Acceptable” as well. The security revealed a mean average of 0.96 and interpreted as “Highly Acceptable.” Looking at the overall mean of 0.88, the Developed Online Discussion System is an acceptable Learning Management System. Positive results suggest implementation or adaptation of the tools to develop more online materials for teacher education program and other discipline and connect using the technology device. Keywords: Online discussion system, educators, innovation, learning management system, developmental research, Philippines

Suitability of the RIPLS and IEPS for Discriminating Attitude Differences toward Interprofessional Education among Students of Healthcare Profession KINGSTON RAJIAH http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7875-2902 kingrajiah@gmail.com Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmacy, International Medical University, Malaysia Interprofessional education provides students of healthcare programme an opportunity to collaborate with students from other disciplines and helping them to get a training prior to entering the healthcare workforce. This study aimed to find out a suitable tool to discriminate attitude differences of healthcare professional students toward interprofessional education. This cross-sectional study was conducted at a private university in Malaysia to explore the two scales (RIPLS and IEPS) and their psychometric properties. Study participants comprised of students from four different professions with at least one exposure or no previous exposure to IPE. Both the scales (RIPLS and IEPS) have their own ability to detect differences in students’ attitude towards IPE in their own way. However, the IEPS scale was able to detect differences within the gender, professions (both junior and senior students) and prior exposure to IPE. This study revealed that though both scales can be used to follow the impact of IPE in curricula, IEPS scale is more suitable than RIPLS to discriminate attitude differences among healthcare students. Educators may develop various strategies to observe students’ behaviors and perceptions qualitatively, and conduct longitudinal study to assess the outcomes of including IPE in curricula. Keywords: Higher Education, education practice trends and issues, academic research projects, cross-sectional study, Malaysia *Co-Authors: Mari Kannan Maharajan, Suan Phaik Khoo, Dinesh Kumar Chellappan, Ranjit De Alwis, Hui Cing Chui, Lui Lee Tan, Yee Ning Tan, Shin Yee Lau

Theme: Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives

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Paper Presentations

Risk and Brand Equity as Predictors of Consumers’ Buying Behavior towards Supermarket Retailers MARY JANE BRAGA-AMOGUIS http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8833-0850 mamoguis@uic.edu.ph University of the Immaculate Conception Davao City, Philippines Understanding the dynamics of consumer buying behavior is an important aspect of market players to better respond to consumer needs, minimize cost of operations and consequently help businesses flourish. This study responded to the apparent lack of investigation into risk and brand equity as predictors of the buying behaviors of Region 11, Philippines. Utilizing survey questionnaires and appropriate statistical methods, the study found that the respondents’ overall perceived level of risk when buying in the supermarket was moderately high. The respondents’ level of brand equity was high in terms of brand loyalty, brand awareness, perceived quality and brand associations. The respondents’ level of consumer buying behavior towards supermarket retailers was high. Perceived risk was found to have a significant moderate correlation with buying behavior (r=.512, p<.05). Result implies that 26.2% of the variation of the buying can be attributed to the perceived risk of the consumers. While brand equity had a significant high correlation with implementation (r=.701, p<.05). Separately perceived risk has a significant influence on buying behavior (p<.05). Also the study found that brand equity, treated solely, has a significant influence on buying behavior that for every unit increase in buying behavior results to a .591 increase in brand equity. When brand equity is high, consumers behave directly with it and if risk is minimized, definitely brand equity increases. Keywords: Marketing, consumer, buying behavior, risk, brand equity, quantitative, linear regression, Phiippines

The Development of the Diagnostic Inventory of Programming Misconceptions SI-RU CHEN http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9341-3781 susan200432@gmail.com National Taiwan Normal University Graduate Institute of Information and Computer Education, Taiwan There have been many studies exploring novice programmers’ misconceptions in order to improve programming instruction. Before correcting students’ misconceptions, it is essential to diagnose their possible misconceptions. However, in the field of programming, a systematic development of the diagnostic inventory is still lacking. Therefore, this research was intended to develop a diagnostic inventory systematically in order to find students’ programming misconceptions in a more structurally manner. The first stage was to propose the factors of misconceptions in terms of cognition and instruction for different constructs (conditional and iterative constructs were discussed in this research) based on literatures and the collected data from classrooms. The second stage was to design the inventory questions for each factor to diagnose the corresponding misconceptions more precisely. The proposed inventory will be conducted on programming novices to understand its feasibility in programming instruction. Keywords: Misconception, Programming instruction, Diagnostic inventory, research and development, Taiwan *Co-Author: Yu-Tzu Lin, Cheng-Chih Wu

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International Conference on Education and Technology 2017 October 26-28, 2017 • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Paper Presentations

Correlation between Entrance Examination Result and Academic Performance: An Exploratory study in selected schools in the Philippines JETRON S. VELASCO http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0320-7379 jsvelasco@letranbataan.edu.ph Colegio de San Juan de Letran –Bataan, Philippines Schools in the Philippines aim to increase the rate of survival among students and decrease the cases of drop-outs. Different forms of tests were usually given during entrance examination among schools in the Philippines, in this study, the researchers attempted to articulate the connections among the said data which can be proven essential in designing programs as a countermeasure for cases like increasing rates of failing and dropping students. Thus, this research paper examines the correlation between the Filipino College students’ entrance examination results and their academic performance. The exploratory research with a comparative and correlational focus was used. Research findings show that there is no significant difference between male and female in their entrance examination results. Furthermore, there is a significant correlation between the entrance examination results in English, Math, and Science and all of the students’ academic performance. This research provides significant insights into new educational policies, programs, and reforms. Keywords: Education, Entrance Examination, Academic Performance, Exploratory Research, Correlation, Philippines *Co-Authors: John Louise R. Olmo, Edessa G. Flordeliz

Cost Accounting Practices of Selected Micro, Small, and Medium Food Processing Enterprises (MSMFEs) in Bohol, Philippines LEOMAR B. VIRADOR https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8748-4682 leomarbcpa@gmail.com Holy Name University Philippines In the Philippines, Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) provide both livelihood and employment opportunities for the locals. This study aimed to determine the cost accounting practices of the selected food processors in Bohol, Philippines to propose a cost accounting guide. The study used a descriptive research design. Primary data was gathered from the 30 food processors through the use of a researcher-made survey questionnaire and follow-up interviews. The profile was summarized using frequency and percentages; cost accounting practices were interpreted using a Likert scale and weighted mean, and the Spearman correlation and analysis of variance were used to determine the significant difference between the profile and the cost accounting practices. Findings revealed that cost accounting practices applied were just-in-time costing, target costing, and quality costing. Further, there is no significant difference between the profile and the cost accounting practices among the respondents.Generating cost data and information, and increasing prices of raw material and overheads were the common problems/difficulties faced. The researcher recommends that the respondents will prepare periodic cost reports, cost and pricing forecast, and break-even analysis. Moreover, they have to be re-oriented of the unique procedures of the cost accounting system used. Through these practices, a sustainable enterprise will be achieved that help develop the lives of the stakeholders. Keywords: Cost accounting practices, just-in-time costing, target costing, quality costing, MSMEs, food processors, descriptive design, Bohol, Philippines

Theme: Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives

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Paper Presentations

Demarcation of the Moves in Discussion and Conclusion Sections of Doctoral Dissertations: A Genre-based Analysis LILIAN B. DUPA http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4961-0152 ldupa@uic.edu.ph University of the Immaculate Conception Davao City, Philippines This study investigated the rhetorical move structure of the discussion and conclusion sections of Applied Linguistics and Educational Leadership dissertations. The researcher used genre analysis. In particular, this study sought to discover the difference of the two sections of both corpora and also analyzed the manner in which linguistic signals are written with reference to the moves and consequently determined the demarcations between them. Two corpora comprising of 15 Linguistics and 15 Educational Leadership Dissertations were analyzed using Yang & Allison‘s (2003) move model. The results revealed that all the seven moves in discussion and three moves in conclusion proposed model occurred in the two sets of data, however, with differences in their frequency of occurrence. Also, it can be pointed out that only few of the Educational Leadership writers preferred not to evaluate their studies. Moreover, Applied Linguistics and Educational leadership writers did not focus on the importance of generalizing as well as the writing contributions to existing knowledge. The findings obtained in the current study may be useful particularly for graduate student writers by facilitating them to better understand the rhetorical structure of research article discussion and conclusion section in the different dissertation context. In addition, this may yield implications for a pedagogical framework for the teaching of academic writing. Keywords: Applied Linguistics, doctoral dissertation, discussion sections, conclusion sections, moves, demarcation, genrebased analysis, Philippines *Co-Author: Renan P. Limjuco

The Effects of Debate Instruction through a Flipped Learning Environment on Speaking Ability and Critical Thinking Skills of Thai High School Students LIU I WEI http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6117-9011 Enchantments.kev@gmail.com Chulalongkorn University English as an International Language Bangkok, Thailand English Debate is a valuable classroom activity to enhance student’s critical thinking and English communication skills for non-native English learners but required considerable investment in classroom time. Flipped classroom opens up an opportunity to gain the benefit of debate instruction by relocating non-interactive lectures to time outside the classroom through the use of online technology, thus reserving invaluable classroom time for more engaging active learning. This research examines the effects of Debate Instruction in Flipped Learning Environment (DIFLE) in enhancing learners’ English communication skills and critical thinking in Thai high school students with at least 2-year background in English program. The research was conducted as a 10-session program with online learning task assigned prior to each in-class learning exercise. Debate sessions conducted on every third session followed by post-debate discussion. Research findings show significant improvement in students’ average scores on critical thinking and English speaking skills after having participated in DIFLE. The opinions of students on DIFLE vary, but positive attitudes towards debate instruction and rational discussion, in general, were observed. This research provides empirical evidence for the effectiveness of flipped learning environment and gives useful insights for future interactive classroom management and application of content-based approach to Teaching English as a Second Language. Keywords: Education, Debate instruction, flipped classroom, critical thinking, Teaching English as a Second Language (TESL), experimental design, Thailand

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International Conference on Education and Technology 2017 October 26-28, 2017 • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Paper Presentations

A Survey on the Senior High School Students’ Motivation in English Language Learning MARIBEL T. LEOCARIO http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8710-5854 leocbel@yahoo.com Dasmarinas National High School Senior High School Department City of Dasmarinas, Cavite, Philippines Motivation plays an integral role in successful English language learning among non-English speakers. In the Philippines, teaching English is integrated in the curriculum for many decades. However, the success in learning English depends largely on the students’ motivation intrinsically and extrinsically. This study aimed to identify the level of students’ intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in learning English language and the factors (school climate/culture, teacher influence, teaching methodology, and parental influence) that influence/motivate the participants in terms of gender and chosen track in learning English. This study was made possible with the use of descriptive-quantitative design to carry out the above stated objectives. Hence, a 50-item self made survey questionnaire was developed with some questions adopted partly from Attitude/Motivation Test Battery (AMTB) of R.C. Gardner (2004). It was pilot tested and analyzed for consistency using Cronbach Alpha (.947). Two hundred (200) questionnaires were equally distributed to students enrolled in Academic and TechVoc tracks. Only 194 were successfully filled up by the respondents. Findings show that participants were moderately motivated intrinsically and extrinsically; factors influencing students’ motivation such as parent, teacher, teaching strategy, and school were also on a moderate level. Keywords: Education, motivation, parental factor, teacher factor, teaching strategy, school factor, descriptive design, Philippines

Characterization and Larvicidal Activity of Green-synthesized Silver Nanoparticles using Cracker Plant Ruellia tuberosa Leaf Extract JOCELYN L. MIRANDA http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6421-9066 jmiranda@uic.edu.ph University of the Immaculate Conception Davao City, Philippines In recent years, the emergence of mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue fever, chikungunya and zika viral infections caught worldwide concern and prompted the WHO to address this problem from its root cause – the eradication of the vector. These diseases were vectored by the same type of mosquito, the Aedes aegypti. The study aimed was to investigate the larvicidal potential of green-synthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using leaf extract of Cracker Plant (Ruellia tuberosa) against IIIrd and IVth instar larvae of A.aegypti. Synthesis of the AgNPs were initially detected within 5 minutes after mixing of the extract and 1mM AgNO3 solution, with an optimum reaction time of 12h as determined by UV-Visible Spectrophotometry. The spectral wavelength shift from 320 nm to 420 nm due to Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) proved the formation of AgNPs. Phytochemicals in Cracker Plant served as capping and stabilizing agents in the AgNPs formation. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) revealed synthesized AgNPs to be spherical and oval in shape with sizes ranging from 28-50 nanometers. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) showed functional groups associated with flavonoids such as luteolin and triterpenoids such as lupeol and betulin. Larvicidal activity was assessed for 24h with varying concentrations of AgNPs. The recorded 90% lethal concentration (LC90) was found to be 105.42 ppm. Bioassay was done using Ovicidal/ Larvicidal (OL) pellets and de-ionized water as a positive and negative control, respectively. Results showed Cracker Plant AgNPs as larvicidal agent and can be used for mosquito larvae control. Keywords: Pharmacy, larvicidal activity, green-synthesized silver nanoparticles, cracker plant, Aedes aegypti larvae, Ruellia tuberosa, Philippines *Co-Authors: Cherrie G. Muaña, Maria Cleofe N. Badang

Theme: Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives

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Paper Presentations

The Outcomes-Based Education (OBE) Teaching Strategies in Mathematics: Basis for a Proposed Enhanced Teaching Strategy MARYANN H. LANUZA http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0879-483X maryannlanuza14@gmail.com City College of Calamba Philippines Educators for a long time had been using the traditional way of teaching which was primarily content-based. Now, OutcomesBased Education for higher institution had been implemented to answer the call of need so that the main focuses of learning are the course outcomes and learners’ line of specialization. Thus, this paper wants to determine how the application of OBE can be better applied in specific mathematics courses and some degree programs of the proportionally-stratified randomly 350 local colleges students in the province of Laguna, Philippines. The paper used a descriptive method using the structured questionnaire to gather data presenting indicators of OBE teaching strategy in three areas used in Mathematics namely teaching methods, learning activities, and assessment tools. One-way analysis of variance is the statistical measure which tested the significant difference of assessments by the students when grouped according to the mathematics course and degree program. Results revealed that OBE is positively perceived in good start with the emphasis on its weak points. Also, not significant in the perceived classroom practices implied that OBE could be used in abstract, and applied mathematics courses but significant in their assessment when it comes to the teaching methods used in different degree programs means OBE can apply best in practically inclined specialization. Keywords: Mathematics Education, Outcomes-Based Education, assessment tools, learning activities, teaching methods, teaching strategies, descriptive design, Philippines

Reducing Math Anxiety of Grade Four Pupils through Splash Math Application MELVIN D. AMA http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9620-0143 nive_ama@yahoo.com Bayanan Elementary School Main Division of Muntinlupa City, Philippines Mathematics can be a difficult subject for elementary school children to grasp. The study aimed to determine the feasibility of the Splash Math Application in teaching math as well as to evaluate its effects on the performance of the grade 4 students. The subjects of the study were composed of 90 grade 4 pupils from sections Narra and Tindalo of Bayanan Elementary School Main school year 2016- 2017. The study was chosen through purposive sampling. Results of the study showed that out of 90 pupils, 46 or 51.10 percent of the Grade 4 pupil-respondents were found to have ‘math anxiety’. After using the Splash Math Application, the number of pupils who belonged to the ‘high’ level of Math anxiety became 0 from 14 or from 15.56 to 0 percent. From the initial 32 pupils in the ‘moderate’ level, it went down to eight or from 35.56 percent to 8.89 percent. The number of pupils in low level anxiety went down from 20 to 13 or from 22.22% to 14.44%. Further, the number of math anxiety free pupils increased from 24 or 26.67% to 69 pupils or 76.67%. Based on the findings, it is concluded that some grade 4 pupils of sections Narra and Tindalo of Bayanan Elementary School Main school year 2016- 2017 experience different levels of math anxiety. The Splash Math Application as a tool or technique of Math teacher was effective in reducing Math anxiety of the pupils. Moreover, it has a significant effect in improving math skills of the pupils. Keywords: Mathematics, math anxiety, grade four pupils, descriptive design, Philippines

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International Conference on Education and Technology 2017 October 26-28, 2017 • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Paper Presentations

Globalization of University Curriculum in Shahid Beheshti University (A culturalpolitical feasibility Study) KOUROSH FATHI VAJARGAH http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5574-6227 k-fathi@cc.sbu.ac.ir Shahid Beheshti University Tehran, Iran Globalization of higher education has become a central policy for most universities around the world, and higher education institutions aim to produce graduates that ‘will be equipped to live, learn, work and contribute globally.’ The study aimed to determine the main barriers and the main components of cultural-political barriers of Globalization of Curriculum in Shahid Behesti University, Iran. The research employed a mixed method using intensive interview (with ten outstanding academics) as well as a questionnaire designed through interview results and a documentary study of the literature of GOC in higher education. Findings showed that SBU faced with several obstacles, most important of them are lack of appropriate opportunities, lack of cultural orientation toward multicultural education and ineffective curricula for internationalization purposes. The facilitating factors based on research recommendations are providing training programs, keeping academics informed on new developments in GOC, improving faculty members and students knowledge, awareness and orientation on GOC, improving their beliefs and increasing their abilities to work in a multicultural environments and other factors imply on “GOC competencies” of academics and students in Iranian higher education community as a real and urgent need. That is to say, the most important decision need to be taken for development of GOC in higher education of Iran is providing a basic a set of GOC competencies that allow development of meaningful students and faculty members’ development through training and development programs. However political and managerial factors remain as other important elements that need to be considered for further development of globalization agent in Iran. Keywords: Education, globalisation, internationalisation of curriculum, cultural obstacles, political obstacles, mixed method designs, Iran Co-Author: Ozra Zare, Payame Nour Univeristy

Satisfaction and Dilemma: An Assessment and Feedback of Customers’ Experience in Online Shopping ALVIN JOHN V. CABUS http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9067-708X alvin.cabus@gmail.com Panpacific University North Philippines Tayug Campus, Philippines E-commerce is being adopted by almost all of the establishments and business sectors to increase their marketing strategy, gain and retain customers, and compete globally. Online shopping has grown in popularity over the years, mainly because people find it convenient and easy to bargain from the comfort of their homes or offices. This study aimed to determine the customer satisfaction in online shopping from Natividad, San Quintin, and Tayug. Utilizing the descriptive method, survey questionnaire is employed as an instrument in gathering the needed data. The data were treated through Simple Percentage and Average Weighted Mean. The respondents of the study were the online shoppers from Natividad, San Quintin, and Tayug, Philippines. The findings revealed that the majority of the customers who are using online shopping are female, single, with age bracket 18 to 24. The problems encountered by the online shoppers from Natividad, San Quintin, and Tayug are: the availability of the product, lack of information if the website is safe, too many steps from selecting to buying, lack of knowledge about the quality of the product, local payments or online payments, and complexity of the registration. The study found out that the customers were satisfied in online shopping. Keywords: Online shopping, online shoppers, customer satisfaction, descriptive design, Philippines Co-Authors: Reymon F. Esmeña, Eriko Paulo P. Opano, Geneva M. Padillo, Joey S. Aviles

Theme: Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives

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Paper Presentations

Smartphone Dependence and Interpersonal Relationship of Panpacific University North Philippines Tayug Campus Students JOEY S. AVILES

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7818-014X j20aviles@gmail.com Panpacific University North Philippines Tayug Campus, Philippines Smartphones significantly contribute to students’ learning. They are used by students to research on the internet, communicate with their teachers and classmates by sending and receiving school-related emails and text messages, watch video lessons, post and submit assignments and many others. Using such modern technology has its own benefits. However, too much dependence in it can be detrimental to relationships. This study aimed to address the smartphone dependence and interpersonal relationship of Panpacific University North Philippines (PUNP) Tayug Campus students. A survey questionnaire was employed as instrument to gather the needed data. Descriptive statistics was employed to determine the level of smartphone dependence and interpersonal relationship of the respondents. On the other hand, inferential statistics was used to identify the relationship between the smartphone dependence and interpersonal relationship variables. The result showed that the students were moderately dependent to smartphones and that they have fair interpersonal relationship with others. The findings also revealed that there’s a significant relationship between the level of smartphone dependence and the level of interpersonal relationship among the respondents of the study. As a recommendation, the research study provides significant insights on the use of smartphones and increase interpersonal relationship of students. Keywords: Social Sciences, smartphone dependence, interpersonal relationship, descriptive design, Philippines *Co-Authors: Ronnel C. Collado, Julie Ann V. Fabionar, Jestoni B. Santiago, Marjerie G. Tomas , Jerson E. Velarde

Tomato Plant Protection Management to Reduce Fusarium Wilt Disease by Utilizing Plant Growth Promothing Rizobacteria Pseudomonas alcaligenes I KETUT WIDNYANA http//orcid.org/0000-000-5339-3827 widnyanaketut@gmail.com Universitas Mahasaraswati Denpasar Bali Indonesia Tomato plants are susceptible to Fusarium wilt disease with a field attack rate of 10 to 20%. The research was conducted to get a simple and can be done by farmers by using Plant Growth Promothing Rizobacteria (PGPR).Research was conducted in the laboratory to determine the biochemical characteristics of rizobacteria and in the greenhouse to determine the effect on plant growth. Tests conducted on three isolates of bacteria Pseudomonas alcaligenes which is the result of previous research. The results showed that the rhizobacteria tested were gram negative bacteria, did not produce enzyme oxidase, produced catalase enzyme, glucose fermentation, lactose and/or sucrose, did not produce gas and cyanide acid. The three rizobacterial isolates are able to spur the growth of tomato plants through soaking the seeds with PGPR suspense for 10-20 minutes. Soaking tomato seeds with PGPR suspense suppressed the tomato wilt disease 44.44 - 55.56% and were able to increase the yield of 3 to 4 times more than the control plants. Keywords: PGPR, Pseudomonas alcaligenes, biochemical characteristics, Fusarium wilt, soaking of seeds *Co-Authors: Ni Putu Pandawani, Anik Yuesti

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International Conference on Education and Technology 2017 October 26-28, 2017 • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Paper Presentations

Impression on the University of the Immaculate Conception Research, Publication and Innovation Center Culture: Ethnographic Benchmarking for the Jumpstart of St. Mary’s College of Meycauayan Research Center RHEENA MEMITA SOQUILA http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4569-3141 rheenasoquila@yahoo.com St. Mary’s College of Meycauayan, University of the Immaculate Conception Philippines The Commission on Higher Education echoes its mandate through the Republic Act 7722 to promote and enhance research function in and on higher education institutions (HEIs). St. Mary’s College of Meycauayan (SMCM) ventured into an important academic quest at the University of the Immaculate Conception (UIC) that had long embarked on these dimensions and now has opened its doors for other institutions to join in their wagon. This study aimed to highlight how UIC culture be emulated by SMCM to ignite a strong sphere of influence for academic exchange and to dive into the processes, linkages, work and activities relevant to research and development. In this action research, ethnographic approach was utilized to unveil the best practices of UIC in the areas of research, publication and innovation through benchmarking-immersion at the Research Publication and Innovation Center. The researcher observed that UIC has established its’ administrative responsibility and that is to assist the faculty and students in their research and research related activities; professional responsibility as it upholds ethics through its Research Ethics and Intellectual Property Committees; and innovative accountability by ensuring the publication of research journals and venturing into different opportunities for presentation of papers both local and international. Based on these practices, the researcher formulated action plans for jumpstarting the research culture in SMCM. Keywords: Educational leadership, research and publication, culture, action research, ethnographic approach, St. Mary’s College of Meycauayan, University of the Immaculate Conception, Philippines

English Language Exposure and Grammatical Knowledge of the Pre-Service Teachers VIRGION H. MAMONONG http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3862-089X noigriv@gmail.com University of the Immaculate Conception Davao City, Philippines Possessing excellent English grammatical knowledge makes a pre-service teacher facilitate classroom learning effectively; however, some hesitate to use the language due to one’s level of proficiency. Employing the descriptive – correlation and descriptive – comparative research designs, the study investigated the relationship of English language exposure and grammatical knowledge of 65 pre-service Education students enrolled during the first semester of the academic year 2017 - 2018 at the University of the Immaculate Conception, Bonifacio Street, Davao City. An adapted and validated-researchermade questionnaire determined students’ level of language exposure at home, with friends, in school, and on media and their level of grammatical knowledge: phonology, vocabulary, and syntax. Despite less English language exposure at home, with friends, in school and on media, the pre-service teachers’ level of grammatical knowledge was still high. Using the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), the result yielded no significant difference in the level of English language exposure and grammatical knowledge level when analyzed according to degree program. Furthermore, regression analysis divulged that the English language exposure has a significant influence to the grammatical knowledge of the pre-service teachers. Keywords: Education, English, language exposure, grammatical knowledge, pre-service teachers, descriptive – correlation, descriptive – comparative, linear regression, Philippines *Co-Authors: John Anton B. Rillo, Princess Mae A. Repato

Theme: Education and Technology: Towards Reengineering Education, Connecting People, and Developing Lives

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International Conference on Education and Technology (ICET 2017)  
International Conference on Education and Technology (ICET 2017)  
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