are not yet published, but already Global GAP certifies mills with 7.9million tonnes and GAA BAP with 4.3 million tonnes aquafeeds globally. Therefore, we think it’s important to ensure that CQN businesses are ready to support and supply customers with feed products that meet third party feed standards.
Sustainability is important to the aquaculture industry. What forms of commercial fish feed currently in use are not sustainable?
In many countries where aquaculture is developing, knowledge of the nutrient requirements for fish and how to supply them are not well known. Better feeds can be developed through R&D and best practice manufacturing, and then working with farmers to ensure that they are used optimally in the field. Through its broad outreach, Cargill Aqua Nutrition supports such developments, helping to expand the sustainable production and use of aquaculture feeds.
Why is Cargill’s fish feed solution sustainable?
We start with assessing the needs of our customers for feeds – looking at what products are required and how they will be applied. This enables us to use our nutritional skills to determine what should be in the feeds, developed from R&D and years of commercial data. By designing the correct feeds for the need, we will reduce waste of feed in the field, reducing environmental impact at the farms. To be able to meet these needs, we work with our supply chains to develop raw materials, which can supply these nutrients. We also work with them to ensure that they are produced sustainably – focussing on social and environmental criteria. Our suppliers have all agreed to work to meet our Supplier Code of Conduct, which has a key focus on labour issues in the supply chain, as well as product quality. For key raw materials, such as marine ingredients, soy and palm oil, we apply further criteria, relating to the potential environmental impacts they can have and setting a bar and a
direction for further development in the future.
Different species of fish require different formulations of feed. How does Cargill’s fish feed satisfy these needs?
The Cargill Nutrient System (CNS) brings together all of Cargill’s knowledge of the nutrient requirements for each of the species we feed and combines that with our knowledge of the raw materials that we use in our feed formulations. This powerful and comprehensive database is integrated with our formulation systems to ensure that our formulators, wherever they sit in our global network of factories and facilities, are connected to the most advanced and most up-to-date information we have. We are developing a range of Technical Application Centres (TACs) associated with our regional operations, where we can test and further develop the feeds in conditions which are close to those that our customers will experience, but which are under our controls to ensure scientific integrity. Experiences of such TACs in Norway, Chile and Vietnam have shown their importance to be able to develop solutions applicable to our customers, to help their fish have thriving growth.
Cargill is a global company with hundreds of raw material suppliers. They have all signed Cargill’s code of conduct, but how will Cargill ensure compliance?
Control of our supply chain relies on our Responsible Raw Material Sourcing Policy, cascading through our Supplier Code of Conduct and verified by supplier audits. The audits are riskbased and for example in 2017, we carried out 32 supplier audits. Suppliers in breach of basic ethical standards can be rejected as a supplier of CQN and can be disqualified from future tenders. Moreover, while every case is different, if CQN determines an existing supplier to be non-compliant with our standards for ethics or corporate social responsibilities, we will first seek to work with the supplier to develop an acceptable solution, but if necessary we may terminate the supplier relation.
26 | June 2018 - International Aquafeed