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A monthly review

January 2013

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The Aquaculturist A regular look inside the aquaculture industry


THE AQUACULTURIST | January 2013

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THE AQUACULTURIST | January 2013 Additives

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The Aquaculturists blog is an online offshoot of International Aquafeed magazine. While the bi-monthly magazine covers aquafeed issues in-depth, the Aquaculturists takes a lighter approach. Our columnists have a keen eye for the most interesting, relevant and (let’s face it) bizarre aquaculture stories from across the world. Each weekday we scour the internet for topnotch news and package it for your perusal in one neat daily digest. The Aquaculturists are also massive fans of industry events and shows and can often be found out on the road. Here they share stories (and photos) from their travels and, being unable to keep a secret, share details of upcoming events.

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But the Aquaculturists is your space too; feel free to comment and share your views.

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If you have any aquaculture news you think we should shout about, email Alice at alicen@ perendale.co.uk

08/01/13: New year, new news

Welcome to 2013. I hope your new year is getting off to a flying start. We’re as busy as ever and have lots of exciting events in the pipeline. 

Let’s start with a look at the news...

India looks towards environmentally sustainable aquaculture. A draft aquaculture policy submitted to the government recommends the use of modern technologies such as GIS and GPS. Other proposals included in the report include the establishment of demonstration aquaculture farms, broodstock banks and live fish markets, an aquaculture crop guarantee fund to compensate farmers hit by natural calamities and Green certification for ornamental fish farming. Read more...

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Cadiz University, the Andalusian Aquaculture Technological Centre Foundation and Spanish biotech firm, Bionaturis, are starting up a new project to develop better oral vaccination programs in fish farms. “We will develop vaccines and other types of treatment to be administered orally in a safe and efficient way for some of the main pathogens that currently affect aquaculture,” said Ana de las Heras, who will supervise the project. Read more... For more information about fish vaccines, take a look at this International Aquafeed article by Kathy Taylor of Salmovac. I predict that integrated multitrophic aquaculture systems (IMTA) will gain greater exposure and discussion in 2013. The idea of growing several products - be if fish, shellfish, or crops- in the same place saves both space and resources. This article on how academics in Costa Rica are developing methods of growing plants such as tomatoes and lettuce on lakes is a fascinating read. Check it out here

Event: Registration open for BioMarine

Registration for the BioMarine Business Convention which will be held in Halifax, Canada, September 9-12, 2013. Now in its fourth edition, the 2013 event will feature think-tanks, conferences, an innovation and investment forum, one-to-one partnering, VIP lunches, an exhibition, a discovery day, public sessions and the BioMarine Awards. The event is a unique opportunity to connect with sectors of international business involved in marine bioresources. More information...

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THE AQUACULTURIST | January 2013

The next issue of International Aquafeed will feature a 12-page BioMarine supplement on the highlights and outcomes of the BioMarine Business Convention held in London in October 2012

09/01/13: Fire damage to Tasmanian oyster farms; NZ King Salmon GM-free; IPN research

One of New Zealand’s biggest salmon producers, NZ King Salmon has vowed not to use GM fish despite running tests three years ago. Although the company decided against the commercial use of GM salmon, they still have some GM salmon material in storage. Read more... The IPN virus is a major threat to salmon and there have been outbreaks of the virus in recent months. New doctoral research Koestan Gadan into the effects of stress on Atlantic salmon’s  immunity to IPN. The research found that stress can lower immunity to IPN can increase susceptibility to viral infection. Read more... Oyster farms in Tasmania’s Tasman Peninsula have been damaged by recent bush fire reports ABC Rural. Damage to the farms includes loss of oyster racks, baskets, barges and boats, land based infrastructure including sheds, tractors, tanks and essential power sources. At this stage stock in the water should survive but this depends on the weather as rain runoff could have a devastating impact. Read more...

10/01/13: Giant squid captured on film; Indian shrimp aquaculture surge; Vietnamese catfish

Vietnamese catfish farmers are under pressure from importers. The industry has to meet a series of requirement set out by import countries if it wants to attract foreign consumers. In November 2012, the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) granted ASC certificates, a new kind of certificate in the seafood industry, to six Vietnamese seafood companies. The certificates recognise that the companies use farming methods that environmentally friendly and do not endanger employee health or the community. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) has committed that over 50 percent of seafood companies would have ASC by 2015 to boost Vietnam’s catfish exports to the world.  Read more...

An elusive giant squid has been captured on film for the first time 2000 feet below the North Pacific Ocean off the coast of Japan. The 600-pound squid was lured towards the camera using bioluminescent lights set up to mimic a jellyfish trapped by a predator. Read more... India shrimp aquaculture production is set to increase five-fold thanks to the of expansion of the Aquatic Quarantine Facility in Chennai. According to the Department of Animal Husbandry Dairying and Fisheries, seafood exports recorded an all time high figure of $3508.45 million, an increase of around 23 percent in dollar terms. Shrimp accounted for around 50 percent of the value of seafood exports, an all time high of $1740 million foreign exchange earnings. The increase in shrimp exports came form a surge in aquaculture production of both mainly  native shrimp species, such as the black tiger shrimp, and non-native vannamei shrimp which was introduced to the country in 2009. Read more...

11/01/13: Check out our Friday news round up

Jobs are expected to be cut at the Scottish Salmon Company (SSC) operations in Lewis, UK. SSC has attributed the redundancies to delays in securing permissions for new farms, low market prices and disease affecting some fish stocks. The company hopes to redeploy staff where possible, or offer them help to find alternative work. Read more...

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THE AQUACULTURIST | January 2013

‘Liberating’ home aquarium fish poses a risk to according to research. A study conducted at the University of California, Davis, found that releasing aquarium pets such as the highly invasive lionfish into the ocean could threaten marine ecosystems. Well-intentioned children and aquarium hobbyists seeking to “free” their pet fish down a toilet bowl or into a local waterway may inadvertently be contributing to the threat of invasive species downstream, according to a new report from the University of California, Davis. Read more... Vietnam has asked the World Trade Organization to adjudicate on a dispute over alleged dumping of Vietnamese shrimp on the US market. Dumping, or damaging foreign competitors by exporting goods at unfairly low prices, is illegal under WTO rules. Read more... 14/01/13: Aquaculture training in Ghana; job creation in Norway; Aquaculture Association Canada report

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More than 80 Ghanaian women have benefited from fishing farming training thanks to the Aquaculture and Fisheries Collaborative Research Support Program (AquaFish CRSP). The programme is part of a drive to get more women involved in Ghana’s aquaculture industry which at present is male dominated. The women made visits to fish farms and learnt about best practices in aquaculture. Read more... Aquaculture-related employment is on the increase in Troms, Norway, according to a new study by Nofima. Food production jobs in aquaculture make up just a small amount of the roles generated by aquaculture in the region. Jobs in supply and service industries such as maintaining net cages, mooring and installing fish farms provide work for a larger amount of people. Read more... The Aquaculture Association of Canada has published the proceedings from its report from its 29th Annual General Meeting 2012. The report also includes extracts from contributed papers on aquaponics, salmon diets and IMTA. Read the papers here. 15/01/13: Tracking European eels; surrogate fish parents and more... The breeding cycle of the European eels has been puzzling aquaculturists for years. No one knows how the species makes its epic journey from places as diverse as Northern Africa and Iceland to the Sargasso Sea to spawn. Furthermore, to date, no baby eels have been bred in captivity. However, the mystery of eel mating habits may be revealed thanks to satellite technology. An EU-funded research project called eeliad, used satellite tagging to keep track of 600 eels as they migrate. “We could track the satellite tags as far away as the Azores. This suggests that the eels take a different route to the Sargasso Sea than previously thought. It seems as if they’re saving energy by hitching a ride on the Azores Current,” Kim Aarestrup, senior scientist at the Technical University of Denmark tells youris.com. Read more... Scientists in Japan have bred salmon using surrogate parents of a different species. The team at Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology froze testes of the yamame salmon, extracted primordial germ cells and implanted them into sterile rainbow trout hatchlings. The trout then developed the primordial cells into functioning sperms and eggs. The technology could be put to use helping endangered species to breed. Read more... The California Aquaculture Association (CAA) will be holding elections to appoint five Directors to the current Board of Directors. Nominations are now being accepted for this election and the closing date is January 21, 2013. Nominees can be self nominated or otherwise but must be a current producer, vendor or consultant level member with the California Aquaculture Association. More information...

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THE AQUACULTURIST | January 2013

16/01/13: Indian shrimp disease; waste water and seaweed; Egyptian aquaculture News round up from a very chilly UK:

Infected shrimp seedlings are being blamed for an outbreak of viruses on Indian shrimp farms.

Farmers in the Vypeen, Kuzhipally, Edavanakad, Ezhikara, and Nayarambalam areas have reported heavy losses of shrimp and crab due to disease. FEED

K.K. Vijayan, Head of the Biotechnology Division of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Kochi, told the Hindu Times, “Some prawn farmers from Kerala use seedlings which are rejected by aqua farms in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh because they are available at a cheap price. While farmers in neighbouring States go for disease-free seedlings, which are selected through scientific screening, their counterparts in Kerala settle for cheap ones, thereby inviting infections.”

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A prawn farmer in Australia is countering claims that aquaculture is bad for the environment by turning waste water into seaweed.

Alistair Dick, who farms in Queensland, developed an algae pond to treat waste water to comply with the EPCA (Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act). However, he’s taken things stage further by using the pond to cultivate a type of edible seaweed. The seaweed, which is very popular in Japan, grows in the sunlight it produces carbohydrates and protein by removing the nutrients from the waste water.

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Read more... When I think of aquaculture in Egypt, I immediately conjure up images on Nile tilapia. However, the Egyptian aquaculture industry is not limited to the ‘chicken of the sea’. This article is a neat introduction to existing Egyptian aquaculture and the potential for development. Services (publications)

Read more...

British Columbian active salmon farm map shows small footprint

The old myth that hundreds of salmon farms create a gauntlet for wild migrating fish has been busted again with a new map showing active farms during 2012’s outmigration season, and their small footprint. “Salmon farms are very well sited and chosen based on the conditions of the area and what’s best for all fish – wild and farmed,” said Mary Ellen Walling, Executive Director, BCSFA. “These maps put into perspective what little space our farms actually take up while contributing to BC as an important farming sector in the province, particularly in our coastal communities.” Click here to download the map in PDF format This is the third year that the BCSFA has proactively produced this reference for the public, with the maps now complete back to 2007. Farmers have supported continuing this information release as part of their commitment to sharing news and facts about their farms with the public. “Our farmers work hard each day to grow healthy food, so educating the public about that commitment is a key responsibility for us,” said Walling.

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THE AQUACULTURIST | January 2013

The spring is a particularly important time for salmon farmers, who employ numerous management practices to protect the health of both farmed and wild fish year round. From March to July, the frequency of counts for naturally-occurring sea lice and fish health monitoring on farms increases to give special consideration to wild fish species migrating from freshwater out to their feeding grounds in the North Pacific. These maps are particularly helpful following the release of the final report of the Cohen Commission of Inquiry into the Decline of Fraser River Sockeye, where Justice Bruce Cohen recommended further research in the Discovery Islands area. “We’ve seen lots of estimates about how many farms are in that area, but this is a solid record for the public that they can use to inform themselves directly,” said Walling. The BCSFA represents salmon farm companies and those who supply services and supplies to the industry. Salmon farming provides for 6,000 direct and indirect jobs while contributing $800-million to the provincial economy each year. More information on the BCSFA...

Aqua Portugal

Following the adoption of the UN’s Law-of-the-Sea with its exclusive economic fishing zones, today Portugal catches less half it did prior to the adoption of the law – down from 500,000 tonnes per year to 200,000250,000 tonnes/year - in its own waters. Fish, and codfish in particular, are traditional in the Portuguese diet, says Manuel Pinto de Abreu, Secretary of State of the Sea, Portugal, who was in London recently for the BioMarine Business Convention 2012. With more than 60 kg of fish being consumed per head of population per year, Portugal is the third largest consumer of fish globally and yet is struggling to supply it’s own needs from its fishing activities. What can we do about this? Is not a rhetorical question but one Mr Pinto de Abreu is keen to answer. “My Ministry is planning a new legal framework to encourage investment in fish farming developments in Portugal; to set up a new research institute with others to move on research and innovation forward and to develop fish farming techniques for species natural to our waters, such as the Covena.” He is also reducing the time period projects take to receive approval and is simplifying the licensing process: instead of multiple licences farmers will need just one in future. “We need to work to attract investors to Portugal and I’m confident they will come if we do these things correctly. But we need to move as fast as possible and in keeping with EU regulations. I hope we will have everything in place for this summer.” Portugal may no longer be the ocean fishing and maritime nation of Europe it use to be, however it is keen to claim the title of aquaculture country of Europe, Mr Pinto de Abreu adds.

17/01/13: Ornamentals and antibiotic resistance; urban aquaponics in Australia; Aker BioMarine wins award

The ornamental fish industry faces problems antibiotic resistance according to a study conducted at Oregon State University, USA. There are few regulations about treating ornamental fish with antibiotics, experts say. Antibiotics are used routinely, such as when fish are facing stress due to transport, whether or not they have shown any sign of disease.

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THE AQUACULTURIST | January 2013

“We expected to find some antibiotic resistance, but it was surprising to find such high levels, including resistance in some cases where the antibiotic is rarely used,” says Tim Miller-Morgan, a veterinary aquatics specialist with Oregon State University. “We appear to already have set ourselves up for some pretty serious problems within the industry.” In the study, 32 freshwater fish of various species were tested for resistance to nine different antibiotics, and some resistance was found to every antibiotic. The highest level of resistance, 77 percent, was found with the common antibiotic tetracycline. The fish were tested in Portland, Oregon, USA after being transported from Colombia, Singapore and Florida.

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The bacterial infections found in the fish included Aeromonas, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus and others, several of which can infect both fish and humans. Read more... Urban aquaponics will play an growing role in the Australia food industry in 2013 according to an article by Geoff Wilson of the Aquaponic Network Australia. The Australian food industry stands at AU$100 billion a year (retail value) but is undergoing huge changes. Wilson highlights the investment in large and small-scale aquaponics projects as one of these developments.

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Aker BioMarine has won an award from the Nutrition Business Journal for its role in building the krill fishery infastructure. Aker BioMarine has invested significantly in creating a controlled krill supply chain in the Antarctic, with a long-term focus on sustainable harvesting. Sustainability has been at the core of Aker BioMarine’s business since its inception. From its cooperation with World Wild Fund for Nature (WWF)-Norway to its certification from the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) to its collaboration with the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resource’s (CCAMLR), Aker continues to do its part to ensure the future of the company as well as the krill fishery at large. “With a sensible approach to krill fishery governance by external management, and taking the responsibility for our own harvesting activities seriously, we have always believed this to be a win-win relationship; otherwise there would be no reason to invest,” said Webjørn Eikrem, EVP, Upstream Operations, Aker BioMarine.

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18/01/13: Record bluefin tuna auction; World Fish Center’s Ghana report; MSC and UK sustainability

How much would you pay for a bluefin tuna? A fish fanatic in Japan has splashed out $1.76 million on a single specimen. The first auction of the year at Tokyo’s Tsukiji fish market, saw the 222 kg tuna sell for 155.4 million yen, three times the previous record set last year. The winning bidder, Kiyoshi Kimura, president of Kiyomura Co., which operates the Sushi-Zanmai restaurant chain, told Association Press, “the price was a bit high,” but that he wanted to “encourage Japan,” according to Kyodo News agency. Read more... The World Fish Center has published a report on the Ghana Coastal Fisheries Governance Dialogue. The second meeting of the Fisheries Governance Dialogue aimed to help stakeholders in the fisheries sector generate a shared understanding of critical lessons and pathways for fisheries co-management success in Ghana. This was a direct response to the call from both fisheries communities and the government of Ghana for a radical change from the way fisheries resources are currently being managed. More information... 9

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THE AQUACULTURIST | January 2013

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THE AQUACULTURIST | January 2013 YEAST

A study by the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) has concluded that UK consumers have difficulty finding sustainable seafood. Two thirds of those asked want to see sustainable seafood on menus but only 17 percent would ask for it. Read more...

EU compound feed production in 2012: stable vs. 2011

The compound feed production in the EU-271 in 2012 reached an estimated level of 151.9 mio. t, i.e. the same volume as in 2011 and 2010, according to the preliminary statistical data provided by FEFAC members.

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While pig feed production dropped by 2 percent, cattle and poultry feed have seen their production grow respectively by +1.5 and +1%. As a consequence, poultry feed consolidated its position of leading segment of EU compound feed production slightly above pig feed. The most important factors which have weighed on the EU feed demand in 2012 were the still fragile economic situation of the pig sector and soaring feed material costs. Among the largest producing countries, Germany and UK performed rather well, with annual growth slightly above 2 percent, while France and Poland remained stable and Spain, Italy and The Netherlands saw their production fall at rates between -1 and -2%. Production of poultry feed in Southern Europe was affected in particular by the implementation of the new welfare standards for laying hens. The high cereal prices over the last two years contributed to improving the competitive market position of industrial compound feed production vs. home mixing. However, this gain was offset to a certain extent by the development of alternative pig feeding strategies based on roughly grinded feed and liquid feeding. As a result, Germany’s position as leading EU country in terms of total compound feed production before France was strengthened, with Spain scoring third place. The final estimate and detailed breakdown of the 2012 results will be presented on the occasion of the XXVI FEFAC Congress on 5-8 June 2013 in Cracow.

Market Outlook for 2013

FEFAC market experts foresee a stabilisation in poultry feed production, a further reduction in pig feed production (-1%) and a slight increase in cattle feed demand (+1%). Further market uncertainties are linked to the impact of the implementation of the new group-housing requirements for sows. Overall, compound feed production is expected to remain unchanged vs. 2012. The demand for agricultural commodities is expected to remain high in 2013, with the main consequences of maintaining quotations at a high level. The quotations for agricultural raw materials increased significantly during the second half of 2012. With prices expected to stay high, the average cost for supply of feed materials could be higher in 2013, as compared to 2012. After two major crop failures for soybean in South and North America, a record harvest for soybean is expected in Brazil in 2013, but its positive impact may be undermined by the storage and logistics issues it could trigger. On the cereals side, the uncertainty is still important regarding the quantity and quality of the next harvest, due to bad weather conditions in major exporting countries. More information...

Amazing deep sea photos

I usually post a video on Fridays but today I have chosen these stunning photos by Alexander Semenov published in Time magazine.

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THE AQUACULTURIST | January 2013

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THE AQUACULTURIST | January 2013

Semenov, a graduate of Moscow State University, is a zoologist who works at the White Sea Biological Station (WSBS) in northwestern Russia, a major base for marine science research and sustainable coastal management. “When I had the opportunity to go diving and see all these things with my own eyes, it was like a dream come true,” he told Time magazine. “This is another universe, very close to us.” Click here to see them all.

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21/01/13: SAV virus detected at Mainstream Norway site; cod aquaculture handbook; Arctic char PhD Mainstream Norway has detected SAV virus in fish at the farming site Tuvan in Langefjorden, Finnmark, and is consequently suspecting PD at this site.

The Norwegian Food Authority and the other farming companies in the region have been informed about the situation and the site is quarantined. Mainstream is now in close cooperation with the Food Authorities developing a plan for harvesting of the site. The Tuvan site contains approximately 580,000 fish. The fish has an average weight of 2 kg, and harvest was originally planned for third quarter 2013.

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Read more... Nofima has published a free handbook on capture-based aquaculture for cod. The book, written in Norwegian, is based on decades of research and outlines the equipment and procedures required to succeed with this new form of capture.

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Capture-based aquaculture involves catching wild animals and then keeping them alive or feeding them until they are harvested. More information... International Aquafeed readers may have seen our Expert Topic on Arctic char in the new issue. (If you haven’t, what are you waiting for? Take a look here). On first inspection, this species seemed like a bit of a left field choice to cover as our first Expert Topic of 2013 but it is attracting growing interest in the aquaculture industry. Today I learnt that the University of Aberdeen is offering a PhD Research Project on ‘Investigating the basis of rapid phenotypic evolution in European Arctic charr using population genomics’. The studentship will investigate the genetic, ecological and physiological basis of rapid phenotypic evolution in Scottish and Icelandic Arctic char. More information...

22/01/13: Philippines protects farmers against extreme weather; sustainable aquaculture in the Med; Norwegian salmon processing plant gets BAP status

The Philippines is devising a programme on how to prepare the farming community in protecting itself more effectively against extreme weather conditions. The aim of the programme is to protect the gains and livelihood of farmers and fishermen, as well as public investments like irrigation systems, post-harvest facilities and farm-to-market roads. Read more... Sea bass and sea bream are the most consumed fish species in the Mediterranean. Aquaculture production of the species is forecast to double from 2010 to 2030. However, the green credential of Mediterranean aquaculture has been called into question.

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THE AQUACULTURIST | January 2013

In the face of these criticisms, an EU-funded project has been set up to explore ways to make to make Mediterranean aquaculture more sustainable. The first stage of the Aquamed project is mapping the aquaculture capabilities of the 16 Mediterranean countries. Read more... Vikenco AS, Norway is Europe’s first salmon-processing plant to achieve Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) certification from the Global Aquaculture Alliance. Currently, Vikenco is Europe’s only processing plant with BAP certification. “To meet increasing demands from existing customers and to enter new markets, Vikenco in recent years has had a strong focus on quality management in all levels of business,” said Line Skov Pettersen, the company’s quality assurance manager. “Through determined effort and a strong focus in all areas, Vikenco is proud to be the first European salmon producer to obtain BAP certification. This is a great achievement and enables Vikenco to provide safe quality salmon to an increasingly quality-conscious market.” Read more...

23/01/13: Cooke Aquaculture allowed to process ISA salmon; new mycobacteriosis research; Nutreco visits Ghana

Cooke Aquaculture has been given the go ahead to process salmon infected with ISA under new guidelines from the Canadian. Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). This is the first time a Canadian farm has been allowed to process fish infected with the disease. About 240,000 salmon from Cooke Aquaculture’s quarantined Coffin Island Farm near Liverpool, Novia Scotia will be transferred to New Brunswick for processing. Read more... Mycobacteriosis in fish is a disease that is difficult to detect and often underdiagnosed. Information about the effects of this disease on the fish farming industry has been limited. However, Adam Zerihun’s doctoral research into mycobacteriosis has led to the development of two methods of diagnosis based on real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry respectively. Read more...

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THE AQUACULTURIST | January 2013

A delegation from Nutreco is visiting Ghana is with the potential of investing in the country’s poultry and aquaculture feed industry. Nutreco has a large aquafeed plant in Egypt but is open to new ventures in Africa as Europe is still suffering financially.

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24/01/13: Thursday news round-up

Annamalai Jeyakumari has won the 2012 Peter Howgate Award for young fish technologists. The EUR 500 prize has help her to attend specific training on ‘encapsulation of fish oils’ under Dr. Utai Klinkesorn, Assistant Professor in Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agro-industry, Kasetsart University, Thailand. Jeyakumari works as a Scientist in Central Institute of Fisheries Technology (Indian Council of Agricultural Research) in Cochin, Kerala, India. Read more...

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Bizarre headline of the day: Ripen bananas with shrimp shells.

Researchers in China have come up with a secondary banana coat made from discarded shrimp shells. A hydrogel coating made of chitosan, derived from crustacean shells, can prevent a banana from becoming overripe for about two weeks, according to Xihong Li, lead author of a new banana study reported this week at the American Chemical Society’s annual meeting. Read more... Stellar Biotechnologies, Inc. has successfully achieved a commercialscale aquaculture system that sustains the complete life cycle of multiple generations of the Giant Keyhole Limpet (Megathura crenulata), the scarce marine source for Keyhole Limpet Hemocyanin (KLH). Stellar has developed a controlled, land-based aquaculture system that supports the life cycle of the mollusk through all its stages and now, for the first time, boasts multiple generations producing commercial quantities of pharmaceutical grade KLH. “This isn’t just about increasing Stellar’s KLH manufacturing leadership -- which we’ve clearly done,” said Frank Oakes, Stellar President and CEO. “This is about controlling the lifecycle of the source animal, allowing Stellar to grow new generations of limpets spawned by parents that have never seen the ocean, thus ensuring that the pharmaceutical industry has ample supply of GMP grade KLH, made under controlled conditions, while protecting survival of a wild species.” Brandon Lincucum, Stellar Aquaculture Manager, said, “This is the culmination of more than ten years of highly-specialized development work involving a range of disciplines. We’ve set the benchmark for KLH manufacturing and we’re proud to represent these new aquaculture and environmental milestones as well.”

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25/01/13: Oyster disease in Australia; BioMar sells shares Sjøtroll and more...

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This opinion piece on the growing role of farmed fish published on The New York Times caught my attention this morning. It not only examines how aquaculture production is increasing but also the possible consequences of reducing fishing. Read more...

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THE AQUACULTURIST | January 2013

Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome disease has been detected in the Hawkesbury River, New South Wales, Australia.

This is the third time the disease has been detected in the region In late 2010 it was detected in the Georges River and shortly after in Sydney Harbour. DPI Aquaculture Manager, Ian Lyall, said that consumers can still be confident in the quality of oysters in the market place. “Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome only affects Pacific oysters. The Food Authority and NSW Health have confirmed the disease poses no risk to human health,” Lyall said. Read more... BioMar has agreed to divest its 50.71 percent ownership interest in the Norwegian fish farming business Sjøtroll Havbruk. The buyer is Norwaybased Lerøy Seafood Group, one of Norway’s leading salmon farming businesses. The agreement is subject to ordinary terms and conditions, including to authority approval. Read more...

28/01/13: Canada special

Today’s blog is Canada-themed. Enjoy. Last week we reported that the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) allowed salmon infected with ISA to be processed for harvesting for the first time. It appears that this move signals a change of policy. In this article Patricia Ouellette, a regional programme officer at the CFIA tells CBCNews about the change in direction. Read more...

Two aquaculture companies on the Coast have become the first farms in the world to be certified to produce organic sablefish and white sturgeon. Totem Sea Farm plans to put its first organic sablefish on the market in February, and Target Marine Hatcheries will have organic caviar and sturgeon meat ready for sale this month. In order to produce organic fish, both companies had to meet standards laid out in the new Canadian Organic Aquaculture Standards manual, put in place in April 2012. Read more...

The fifth annual Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture Scholarship for Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada has been awarded to Brandon Fitzpatrick. The scholarship is valued at $1,000 and is awarded to a student from Newfoundland and Labrador graduating high school and pursuing a post-secondary education. The scholarship was created to promote and create awareness of the province’s fishing and aquaculture industries among youth. “Fostering an understanding of the province’s fishing and aquaculture industries with youth is an important initiative of our government,” said Minister Dalley. “This year’s recipient of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Scholarship showed real talent and enthusiasm. Brandon’s essay was well researched and well written. Young people are the future of the seafood industry in Newfoundland and Labrador, and I commend Brandon for taking the initiative to learn about the province’s fishery. I offer him my sincere congratulations and wish him well in his future studies.” Read more...

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THE AQUACULTURIST | January 2013

29/01/13: Shrimp production in Nigeria; baby barra released in Australia; olive oils and fish feed

Plans are underway to develop Nigeria’s shrimp production potential. Fisheries Society of Nigeria and Winrock International have developed a programme targeted at the shrimp sector. The programme is aimed at aquaculture development, diversification of the finish mono-product base and generating jobs.

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Read more... Around 30,000 baby barramundi have been released into Lake Kununurra, Western Australia as part of a AU$700,000 project to boost recreational and commercial fishing in the region. The barramundi have been grown in tanks in Broome since they were spawned in November 2012.

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Read more... This article presented to the International Atherosclerosis Society looks at alternative lipid sources in fish such as olive oils. It also discusses the relationship between fish consumption and cardiovascular diseases. Read more...

Alltech feed survey finds significant growth in Africa and aquaculture

The world is producing 959 million tons of feed and has increased its production by at least four percent in the last year, according to the 2013 Global Feed Tonnage Survey released today by Alltech. Alltech assessed the compound feed production of 134 countries in Dec. 2012 through information obtained in partnership with local feed associations and Alltech’s sales team, who visit more than 26,000 feed mills annually. “The 2013 publication of the annual year-end assessment by Alltech is being released as an industry outlook resource for the new calendar year and will hopefully allow governments, non-governmental organizations and the greater public to appreciate the value that the feed industry is generating globally,” said Aidan Connolly, vice president of Alltech and director of Alltech’s annual Global Feed Tonnage Survey. Among the 134 countries assessed in Alltech’s survey, China was reaffirmed as the chief producer of feed at 191 million tons and an estimated 10,000 feed mills. Consistent with late 2011 assessments, the United States and Brazil followed with 179 million tons produced by 5,251 feed mills and 66 million tons produced by 1,237 feed mills respectively. Overall, a 26 million ton increase was observed in BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China) year to date.

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Asia continues to be the world’s number one producing region at 350 million tons. However, Africa exceeded Asia in percent growth over 2011 results, increasing its tonnage nearly 15 percent from 47 million in 2011 to 54 million in 2012. Globally, the survey identified 26,240 feed mills, with North America and Europe serving as home to more than half of them. The Middle East was estimated to have the largest feed mills, with an average of more than 63,000 tons produced per mill. Sixty percent of feed produced globally is pelleted, with percentages particularly high in Europe. When analyzed by species: Poultry continues to dominate with a 43 percent share of the feed market at 411 million tons, likely due to religious and taste preferences as well as cost. It grew by approximately 8 percent over 2011 estimates. Sixty percent of all poultry feed tonnage is dedicated to broilers, with the rest fed to egg layers, turkeys, duck and other fowl.

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THE AQUACULTURIST | January 2013

The pig feed sector matched poultry’s 8 percent growth, moving to 218 million tons globally. The ruminant feed market, comprising dairy, beef and small ruminants, grew more than 13 percent between late 2011 and December 2012, and now requires 254 million tons. Equine feed tonnage increased almost 17 percent to 10.8 million tons. Aquaculture is the fastest growing species sector by tonnage with growth greater than 55 percent since 2011. Pet food represents 20.5 million tons, 40 percent of which are produced in the United States, but Brazil continues to make considerable advances in this sector. “As we look to the demands of the future, chiefly the feeding of 9 billion people by 2050, these survey results should stir optimism and resolve within our feed and food industries,” said Dr. Pearse Lyons, president of Alltech. “Our global feed industry is rising to the challenge, and we’re seeing growth across the board. Moreover, we’re seeing it in some particularly key areas– BRIC, Africa and aquaculture.” Global feed production has traditionally been difficult to quantify because many countries lack a national feed association. For this reason, Alltech began in late 2011 to leverage its global presence to obtain a finer estimate of the world’s feed tonnage. The results of the annual year-end assessment are announced in January as an industry outlook resource for the new calendar year. Connolly presented the 2012 Alltech Global Feed Tonnage Survey findings at a joint meeting of the International Feed Industry Federation and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in Oct. 2012.  The meeting identified the need to collect more detailed information, a request to which Alltech responded, engendering a deep appreciation for what the feed industry is delivering worldwide. More information...

30/01/13: Nofima studies aquaculture legitimacy; assistance for POMS hit oyster farmers; FAO sea cucumber guide Nofima has announced plans for a three year research project into the legitimacy of aquaculture. The NOK 4.2 million project will examine the aquaculture industry at local level and conditions that influence access to area in the coastal zone. Read more... Oyster farmers hit by Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome (POMS) in Hawkesbury, New South Wales, Australia have been offered an assistance package by the NSW Primary Industries Minister, Katrina Hodgkinson. Growers suffering finanacial hardship can apply to have their licence fees waived for up to 12 months. More information... The FAO had released a new guide on commercially important sea cucumbers. teh document details the 58 species of sea cucumber that are exploited in artisanal and industrial fisheries around the world. Read more...

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THE AQUACULTURIST | January 2013

31/01/13: Sequencing the salmon genome; FAO looks at fish genetics; visit us at IPPE Sequencing the salmon genome is due for completion in 2013. The Research Council of Norway is encouraging researchers to use information from the salmon genome to enhance understanding of the mechanisms behind the traits and biology of this valuable production species. Three projects have been granted a total of NOK 41 million for this purpose. Read more... Genetic technologies to improve fish production says FAO. A new report by the UN department says that traditional and modern breeding techniques are needed to increase food production in aquaculture. Fisheries experts from more than 13 countries opened the first of two consultations today that could herald new ways of reducing hunger and poverty by cataloging and improving aquatic genetic resources for food and agriculture. Most farmed fish have not been domesticated the way that farmed crops and livestock have been, so farmed fish remain very similar to their wild relatives. The meeting will consider the benefits of genetic improvement by using traditional breeding techniques as well as modern genetic technologies to increase growth rates, reduce inputs and improve the cost-effectiveness of aquaculture.

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The Aquaculturist A regular look inside the aquaculture industry

For more information about the Aquaculturist visit: www.theaquaculturists.blogspot.com or follow the aquaculturist on twitter

January 2013 - The Aquacuturists round-up  

A round up of news from around the aquaculture industry in January 2013

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