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INSIDE the ISSUE 2

Letter from the Editor: DeAndre Nixon

3

Zealousness Team

6

How big is the coaching industry?

10

Extreme coaching: When is it too much?

14

How to be a good mentor?

18

How to find the perfect tutor?

21

The role of guidance counselors

26

Can a good coach make a difference?

30

How to obtain a coaching license?

33

Different coaching types / approaches and where to find those coaches?

38 The “Common Core”: There are no bad students. Each one has a potential.

42

Education Around the World - Finland

49

Coach for ‘Girls on the Run’ Breaks Gender Barriers

52

Relationship Coach Manny Hall on Mentoring and Learning

57 58

Why is climate change real? Why do we dream?

64 67 68

I don’t feel like going to school Grammar tips Zealousness Club

70 71

Word Search Sudoku

FALL 2017

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LETTER

from the

EDITOR

DeAndre Nixon Founder/President of iN Education, Inc. and Editor in Chief of Zealousness Magazine.

At some point in your lifetime, you might have been coached by someone you know on some level. Not only that, you might have yourself coached others. This mentorship is a crucial foundation for development and success. Think back to all your relationships: your parents, relatives, friends, teachers, or a counselor at school. Think back to the moments where you perhaps may have helped a fellow student. If we can agree that there are people with capacities greater than our own in some areas, we can agree that coaches can be pillars of success. There are many types of coaches out there, and choosing the right FRDFKIRUZKDW\RXQHHGUHTXLUHVNQRZOHGJHRQKRZWKLQJVZRUNZLWKLQ\RXUČ´HOG In our 6th issue, Mentoring & Coaching, we delve into the importance coaches play and the impact they have on those they serve. We hope that this issue serves as a guide, a starting point for you to explore more about the coach world! Keep in the loop with Zealousness for comprehensive, insightful articles on various topics ranging from useful tips on education to career planning advice.

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ZEALOUSNESS TEAM EDITOR IN CHIEF

ADMINISTRATOR

DeAndre Nixon

Sona Nixon

EDITORS

EDITORIAL DESIGN

Jessica Y Sinha Nina Warnke Priyanka Stephanie Klein

Sona Nixon

WRITERS Edyta Miazga Erica Murphey Evelyn Bourassa Lakia Curtis Nidhi Memon Nupur Srivastava, PhD Richard Wu Sita Singh

PRODUCTION ARTISTS Jessica Y Sinha Jordan Helwig

GRAPHIC DESIGN/ VIDEO PRODUCTION Jessica Y Sinha Bowen Tang

zealousness@ineducationonline.org 3867 West Market Street, Suite 166 Akron, Ohio 44333 FALL 2017

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ZEALOUSNESS

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How big is the coaching industry?

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How big is the coaching industry?

HOW BIG IS THE COACHING INDUSTRY? By Edyta Miazga The word coach took a slang meaning for

tutor in XIX century – someone who “carriesâ€? Č´UVWPHDQLQJIRUFRDFKZDVDODUJHFDUULDJH  student through an exam. The athletic sense came later in XIX century. It can also mean someone who instructs or trains (for exDPSOHDFWLQJFRDFK DQGEHFORVHWRVXFKD word as mentor. /HWȇV Č´UVW WDNH D ORRN DW DWKOHWLF FRDFKHV They instruct and advise on improving sport techniques. They mainly work in educational services and recreation. They work irreguODUKRXUVDQGWKHLUMREUHTXLUHVWUDYHO%RWK O*Net OnLine and Bureau of Labor Statistics OLVW FRDFKHV DQG VFRXWV ZKR VHDUFK IRU WDOented athletes in the same category. But the MREWLWOHVYDU\2 1HW2Q/LQHOLVWVWKHIROORZing examples of work titles: Assistant BasketEDOO &RDFK $VVLVWDQW &RDFK $VVLVWDQW )RRWEDOO&RDFK%DVHEDOO&RDFK%DVNHWEDOO&RDFK &RDFK&URVV&RXQWU\7UDFNDQG)LHOG&RDFK 'LUHFWRURI$WKOHWLFV)RRWEDOO&RDFK9ROOH\ball Coach. Bureau of Labor Statistics lists as VLPLODURFFXSDWLRQV$WKOHWLF7UDLQHUV)LWQHVV 7UDLQHU DQG ΖQVWUXFWRUV DQG 5HIHUHHV DQG RWKHUVSRUWVRÉ?FLDOV7KH\PD\KROGWHDFKLQJ GHJUHHV EXW UHJDUGOHVV PRVW RI WKHVH MREV require a four-year degree and good expeULHQFH YHU\ RIWHQ JDLQHG E\ SHUVRQDO H[SHULHQFHDVDWKOHWHVDQGLQDGGLWLRQH[FHOOHQW knowledge about play. Educational requirements vary by state and local sports organi]DWLRQV)RUH[DPSOHΖOOLQRLV'HSDUWPHQWRI Financial and Professional Regulation issues Athletic Trainer license – for individuals who provide preventive and emergency care to

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How big is the coaching industry?

Probably my best quality as a coach is that I ask a lot of challanging questions and let the person come up with the answers - Phil Dixon

those in athletic programs (including counselLQJ RQ QXWULWLRQ K\JLHQH SURWHFWLYH HTXLPHQW DQGRQVLWHLQMXU\FDUHDQGHYDOXDWLRQ rstand it or we are afraid of failing. There are 32 certiČ´FDWLRQVSURYLGHGWKURXJKHQWLUH8QLWHG6WDWHV by various agencies for coaches. O*Net OnLine OLVWV DV PDQ\ DV  WUDLQLQJ SURJUDPV RÎ?HUHG E\ GLÎ?HUHQW XQLYHUVLWLHV WKURXJK ΖOOLQRLV RQO\ ΖQ  WKHUH ZHUH  HPSOR\HHV ZKR worked as coaches. 1RZOHWȇVORRNDWWKHEURDGGHČ´QLWLRQRIDFRDFK RQHZKRLQVWUXFWVRUWUDLQV+HUHZHZRXOGHQcounter the close synonym “mentorâ€?. This word has its origin in mythology: When Odysseus left IRUKLVWULS WKDWWRRN\HDUVZKLFKKHGLGQRW H[SHFWDWWKHWLPH KHOHIWEHKLQGDZLIHDQGOLWtle son Telemachus. He entrusted his son’s education into a friend’s hands. The friend’s name ZDV0HQWRUDQGKHQFHHYHU\H[SHULHQFHGDQG trusted adviser is called mentor. When we think DERXW FRDFK QHYHUWKHOHVV WKH Č´UVW GHČ´QLWLRQ that comes to our minds will be the athletic one. :LWK PHQWRU WKH GHČ´QLWLRQ LV YHU\ EURDG DQG ZHFDQEHPHQWRUHGE\DPXVLFWHDFKHUVSHFLDO

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HGXFDWLRQWHDFKHUFRXQVHORUWKHUDSLVWRUDČ´nancial advisor. Anyone with great experience DQGNQRZOHGJHDQGVHWRIVNLOOVDEOHWRHGXFDWH and guide can be a mentor. If searched in O*Net 2Q/LQHWKHUHLVQRMREWLWOHGČŠPHQWRUČ‹EXWZH get a list of 20 occupations that are close. Mentoring is thus done by Mental Health CounselRUV&OLQLFDO3V\FKRORJLVWV0DUULDJHDQG)DPLO\ 7KHUDSLVWV (GXFDWLRQDO *XLGDQFH 6FKRRO DQG 9RFDWLRQDO &RXQVHORUV DPRQJ RWKHUV 6LPLODU search on the Bureau of Labor Statistics brings links to occupations such as Training and DevelRSPHQW 0DQDJHUV +LJK 6FKRRO 7HDFKHUV .LQGHUJDUWHQDQG(OHPHQWDU\6FKRRO7HDFKHUVDQG Interpreters and Translators. Job requirements DQG VWDWH UHJXODWLRQV YDU\ EXW PRVW RI WKRVH MREVUHTXLUHVXEVWDQWLDOHGXFDWLRQDQGIDOOXQder zone 4 with graduate degree required. Not every professional should be automatically conVLGHUHG D PHQWRU EXW HYHU\ SURIHVVLRQDO PD\ have the potential to be one Which in turn makes us feel like we could never do well with them and we make excuses that we might never even use such topics for daily life.


How big is the coaching industry?

COACH DEFINITION (dictionary.com

noun: 1. a person who trains an athlete or a team of athletes: a football coach. 2..a private tutor who prepares a student for an examination. 3. a person who instructs an actor or singer (among other definitions) Coaches and Scouts: https://www.onetonline.org/link/summary/27-2022.00 Coaches and Scouts: https://www.bls.gov/OOH/entertainment-and-sports/coaches-and-scouts.htm#tab-1 0HUULDP:HEVWHUKWWSVZZZPHUULDPZHEVWHUFRPGLFWLRQDU\FRDFKDQGKWWSVZZZPHUULDPZHEVWHUFRPGLFWLRQDU\ mentor

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Extreme Coaching: When is it too much?

Extreme Coaching: When is it too Much? By Erica Murphey

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Extreme Coaching: When is it too much? How to Ensure Each Student Succeeds

Mentors are sometimes portrayed as extrem-

LVWVLQWKHPHGLDΖQWKHPRYLHČŠ:KLSODVKČ‹DMD]] teacher shouts at one of his students in front of his classmates until the young man begins to cry. In the movie “Full Metal Jacketâ€? a drill VHUJHDQW FKRNHV EHUDWHV DQG HYHQWXDOO\ FRQtributes to a character’s suicide. Sometimes a coach can push a client too far. Yet how can you tell when your coach is an extremist? There are several red flags to look for. Impatience 8QOLNHLQVRPHERRNVDQGILOPVDJRRGPHQWRU will be very patient while still persevering in his or her mission. That mission is to help you be the best version of yourself. CBS news dot com reports that too many people mistakenly think that a career or life coach is there to help them UHDFKWKHLURZQJRDOV+RZHYHULI\RXUJRDOLV WREHDEDVNHWEDOOSOD\HUZKHQ\RXFDQQRWMXPS

ZHOO WKHQ \RXU FRDFK VKRXOG UHGLUHFW \RX WR something where you can blossom. Abusive Some parents believe a good coach should push their children to their breaking point. We of-ten VHH FRDFKHV LQ PRYLHV VXFK DV Ȋ9DUVLW\ %OXHVȋ screaming in a pupil’s face until he or she begins to cry. Any coach regardless of specialty will tell you that this is a terrible idea. It benefits neither the child nor the teacher. This often happens in children’s sports when the parents are so focused on winning that they do not reDOL]HWKLQJVVXFKDVKRQLQJVNLOOVDUHMXVWDVLPportant. Inaccessible Can you never reach your adviser? Is he or she LPSRVVLEOH WR FDOO HPDLO RU VHQG D WH[W PHV sage to? Then you might want to get rid of them. One anonymous source notes that she had a

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Extreme Coaching: When is it too much?

thesis director who would rarely answer her e-mails and would mix them up with other graduate students’. Ȋ+HGLGWKLVUHSHDWHGO\ȋVKHVD\V Communication is key as it is in any relationship. Does Not Listen 2IFRXUVHDFRDFKȇVMRELVWRJXLGHDQGJLYHDGYLFH+RZHYHUWKH\DUHRQO\KXPDQDQGQHHGIHHGback sometimes. It might be time to get a new adviser if they do all of the talking. How can you tell if VRPHRQHLVDSRRUOLVWHQHUWKRXJK"6LPSO\DVN\RXUVHOILIWKH\SODQDUHVSRQVHZKLOHRUEHIRUH\RX have finished talking. Pretends to Psychoanalyze You should not get a life coach if you are or have reason to believe you are mentally ill. One of the biggest lines a mentor is not supposed to cross is helping out those with neurological con-ditions. +RZHYHUWKHUHDUHOLFHQVHGFRXQVHORUVZKRDUHDOVROLIHFRDFKHVZKLFKRQHFDQHDVLO\YHULI\6RPH mental health professionals are coaches but not all coaches are mental health professionals Source: http://www.cbsnews.com/news/top-10-professional-life-coaching-myths/

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Extreme Coaching: When is it too much?

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How to be a good mentor?

How To Be a Good Mentor? By Nidhi Menon

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How to be a good mentor?

“You cannot teach a man anything; you can only help him discover it in himself� -Galileo A

Q\ERG\FDQEHDJRRGPHQWRU<RXFRXOGEHDIULHQGDSDUHQWDWHDFKHUDSURIHVVRURUHYHQDERVV Reflect upon the times you have had a mentor and think about their characteristic traits that fostered your connection with them. What are some of the key aspects of the mentorship that would help you make the same connection with your mentee? Mentors have some core qualities that are essential for a successful partnership. To be a trusted DGYLVRU FRQILGDQW DQG JXLGH LW LV FULWLFDO WR PDNH \RXUVHOI DYDLODEOH EH VXSSRUWLYH DQG HQJDJH LQ meaningful conversations. Mentoring styles may be tailored to suit the needs of your mentee and may range from a single meeting to a lifetime.

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How to be a good mentor?

Here are the top five traits my mentors have shared:

Experienced In order to offer valuable suggestions and help your mentee discover their true potential and DFKLHYHWKHLUJRDOV\RXPXVWKDYHH[SHULHQFH in the area in which your mentee is seeking JXLGDQFH +RZHYHU LW LV LPSRUWDQW WR UHPHPber that sharing personal experiences and sitXDWLRQVVKRXOGEHGRQHLQDQXQELDVHGQHXWUDO PDQQHUDOORZLQJ\RXUPHQWHHWRLQWHUSUHWDQG learn the way they prefer.

Altruistic It is imperative to keep your menteeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s interests in mind while offering advice. In order to have a meaningful relationship with your mentee DQG WR EH DQ H[FHSWLRQDO PHQWRU \RX VKRXOG

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connect with your mentee on a personal level. Take a genuine interest in the life of your menWHH OLVWHQ WR WKHP LQWHQWO\ RIIHU VXSSRUW DQG show compassion. The wellbeing of your mentee should be your priority.

Patient While you may be eager to voice your opinion ZKHQ \RXU PHQWHH SUHVHQWV D VLWXDWLRQ \RX need to have patience to process all the information you have been given before offering DGYLFHÎ&#x2013;QFHUWDLQVLWXDWLRQV\RXPD\UHTXLUHD lot more insight before you can move on to discussing potential solutions. Take your time to DYRLGRSLQLRQDWHGLOODGYLFH7UXVWZRUWK\ Do not betray your menteeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s trust. It is crucial to acknowledge that your mentee may feel vulnerable sharing their problems with you. They may


How to be a good mentor?

not be comfortable with others knowing about issues they are dealing with. While the relationship ZLWK\RXUPHQWHHFRXOGEHSXEOLFWKHQDWXUHRI\RXUFRQYHUVDWLRQVKRXOGEHFRQILGHQWLDO7KLVLV paramount to keeping your relationship honest and promoting a higher level of self-disclosure. Make sure to establish certain ground rules for circumstances when the confidentiality may have to be revoked.

Inquisitive Ask your mentee questions to gain more perspective. This is not only vital for situations that require mediating or reaching a solution but also in casual conversations so you can gain a better understanding about your mentee and their personal and professional life and learn about their LQWHUDFWLRQVZLWKWKHSHRSOHDURXQGWKHP7KHPRUH\RXNQRZWKHPRUHLWZLOOKHOS\RXPHQWRU effectively. Asking questions could also be used to help a mentee gain insight into solving their own problems. This is a coaching technique that can be helpful in all sorts of situations and emSRZHUVWKHPHQWHHWRILQGWKHLURZQSHUVRQDOVROXWLRQVUDWKHUWKDQZDLWWREHJLYHQDGYLFHZKLFK may or may not work for them. :KLOH\RXPXVWJLYH\RXUEHVWWRKHOS\RXUPHQWHHVXFFHHGUHPHPEHUWRLGHQWLI\\RXUUROHLQWKH UHODWLRQVKLSDVDKHOSIXOUHVRXUFHDQGQRWDVDQHQDEOHUDQGUHFRJQL]HWKDW\RXDUHQRWUHVSRQVLble for successes and failures of your mentee

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How to find the perfect tutor?

How to Find the Perfect Tutor? By Erica Murphey

The summer vacation months are when many

parents decide to hire tutors. Some want to refresh their childâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s learning skills when their children are out of school. Others hire them because their son or daughter needs help in a SDUWLFXODU VXEMHFW RU FRPSOHWH UHPHGLDO DVVLVWDQFH5HJDUGOHVVRIWKHUHDVRQDJRRGWXWRULV ZRUWKKLVRUKHUZHLJKWLQJROG+RZGR\RXČ´QG WKH RQH ZKR ZLOO Č´W \RXU FKLOGČ&#x2021;V XQLTXH QHHGV though?

Cooperate with teachers. &KLOGUHQDUHDVGLÎ?HUHQWDVČ´QJHUSULQWV:KHQ \RXČ´QGRXWWKDW\RXUFKLOGČ&#x2021;VDFDGHPLFSHUIRUmance is not as good as expected you should cooperate with academic counselors and fac-

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ulty to make a plan. Many people are quick to assume that if a student is failing then he or she must have an incompetent teacher. This is DPLVWDNH7HDFKHUVDQGVWDÎ?ZDQWWRVHHVWXGHQWVVXFFHHGMXVWDVPXFKDVWKHLUFDUHWDNHUV do.

Money and experience matters. Your budget is an important factor. Just donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t let it be the only one. According to readingrockets. RUJ\RXVKRXOGDVNDERXWDWXWRUČ&#x2021;VFDQFHOODWLRQ policies and if you can pay in installments. Many people will be happy to work with you. Another huge factor is the tutorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s academic background. Sometimes a pupil is simply strugJOLQJ LQ RQH VXEMHFW OLNH (QJOLVK VR Č´QGLQJ DQ


How to find the perfect tutor?

ROGHUWXWRUZLWKDGHJUHHLQWKHVXEMHFWFDQEH KHOSIXO5HJDQ-RVZLDND*UDGXDWH3HHU7XWRUFRQFXUV Č&#x160;7KHLUH[SHULHQFHVKRXOGGHČ´QLWHO\EHWDNHQLQWR DFFRXQWÎ&#x2013;Č&#x2021;PDZULWLQJWXWRUEXWWKHXQLYHUVLW\Î&#x2013; work for has people with diverse backgrounds. 6RPH VSHFLDOL]H LQ RQH VXEMHFW OLNH PDWKČ&#x2039; -RVwiak says.

Personalize learning goals. )RFXV :RUN ZLWK FRXQVHORUV IDFXOW\ DQG WKH tutor to come up with a customized plan for WKHVWXGHQW)RULQVWDQFHLIWKH\QHHGDVSHFLČ´F curriculum a learning center might be the best environment for them.

sidered no matter how old the child is. For inVWDQFHLI\RXFKRRVHWRKDYHVRPHRQHFRPHWR your home it might be safer to meet in a pubOLFSODFHOLNHDFRÎ?HHVKRSIRUDWOHDVWWKHČ´UVW session. You can do a safety and experience assessment this way. 0LVV -RVZLDN WXWRUV DW WKH 8QLYHUVLW\ RI +RXVton Downtown Reading and Writing Center. She currently resides in Texas

Source: http://www.readingrockets.org/article/four-stepsČ´QGLQJH[FHOOHQWWXWRU\RXUFKLOG

Take their learning style into account as well. Are they visual or auditory learners? Do they OHDUQ EHWWHU IURP SHRSOH RI D VSHFLČ´F DJH RU gender? Do they need someone who is gentle and encouraging or someone who is not afraid WRJLYHWKHPDČ´UPSXVKLQWKHULJKWGLUHFWLRQ"

7XWRUVDUHGLÎ?HUHQWIURPWHDFKHUV Joswiak notes that caretakers and students VKRXOGNQRZWKHLUJRDOVČ´UVW â&#x20AC;&#x153;People tend to think of tutors as mini instrucWRUVEXWZHČ&#x2021;UHUHDOO\PRUHOLNHJXLGHVÎ&#x2013;QWHUPV RI KRZ WKLV ZRUNV ZHČ&#x2021;UH WU\LQJ WR Č´JXUH RXW ZKDW\RXZDQWWRGRČ&#x2039;VKHVD\V Think of a good tutor as a car. They can get you where you need to be but you must know the directions to the destination. Consider location and safety. Where is the best place for a child to learn? Should you get an individual to teach in your home? Would a public place like a library be better? Will a learning centerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s environment motivate them the most? Safety should be con-

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How to find the perfect tutor?

“People tend to think of tutors as mini instructors, but we’re really more like guides. In terms of how this works, we’re trying to figure out what you want to do.” - Dr. Joswiak

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The role of guidance counselors.

The Role of Guidance Counselors By Evelyn Bourassa TUDGLWLRQDOO\JXLGDQFHFRXQVHORUVKHOSVWXGHQWVSODQWKHFODVVHVWKH\QHHGWRJUDGXDWHDVVLVWWKHP

LQFRRUGLQDWLQJWKHLUVFKHGXOHVDQGJXLGHVWXGHQWVWKURXJKHPRWLRQDOVWUXJJOHVRUFULVHV+RZHYHU PRVWRIWKHLUIRFXVVKRXOGEHWRJXLGHVWXGHQWVLQWKHLUVHOHFWLRQRIFROOHJHVDSSO\IRUILQDQFLDODLG and ensure that the classes they take now are preparing them for college-level courses.

Huge Caseloads 0RVWJXLGDQFHFRXQVHORUVKDYHWUHPHQGRXVZRUNORDGVVRPHQHDULQJVWXGHQWVZKLFKLVIRXU times the recommended cap. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The average counselor-student ratio in our country is now 1 to 459â&#x20AC;&#x201D; DOPRVWGRXEOHWKDWUHFRPPHQGHGE\WKH$PHULFDQ6FKRRO&RXQVHORU$VVRFLDWLRQZKLFKLVWRÈ&#x2039; 7KH(GXFDWLRQ7UXVW  :LWKVXFKDQRYHUZKHOPLQJVWXGHQWWRFRXQVHORUUDWLRLWLVLPSRVVLEOHIRUDJXLGDQFHFRXQVHORUWR effectively help students in crises and to assist each child in making the best decisions about what to do when they leave high school. â&#x20AC;&#x153;â&#x20AC;¦[W]hen school counselors allow 20 percent of their students to WDNHXSSHUFHQWRIWKHLUWLPHLQHIIHFWSHUFHQWRIWKHVWXGHQWVGRQRWJHWSURSHUO\SUHSDUHG IRUFROOHJHDQGFDUHHUÈ&#x2039; 7KH(GXFDWLRQ7UXVW 0DQ\VWXGHQWVZKRVHHNKHOSILQGLQJRXWDERXWFROOHJH RSWLRQVGRQRWJHWDGHTXDWHWLPHZLWKDJXLGDQFHFRXQVHORUQRUGRWKH\UHFHLYHWKHUHVRXUFHVWR educate themselves.

The Problem 2XUQDWLRQIDFHVDGLIILFXOWVLWXDWLRQ&XUUHQWO\PDQ\KLJKVFKRROVWXGHQWVJUDGXDWHZLWKRXWWKHVNLOOV WKH\QHHGWRREWDLQHQWU\OHYHOMREVRUWKHDFDGHPLFVNLOOVWRJHWLQWRFROOHJHÈ&#x160;7KHODFNRIDFDGHP-

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The role of guidance counselors. ic rigor in high school closes the doors to good MREV VXFFHVV LQ FROOHJH DQG DOO WRR RIWHQ DFFHVVWRWKHPLGGOHFODVVČ&#x2039; 7KH(GXFDWLRQ7UXVW  *XLGDQFH FRXQVHORUV LI SURSHUO\ WUDLQHG DQG XWLOL]HGDUHFULWLFDOLQFKDQJLQJWKHWUDMHFWRU\RI future generations.

Hindsight is 40%

students? â&#x20AC;&#x153;An estimated 20 to 50 percent of students enter college as â&#x20AC;&#x153;undecidedâ&#x20AC;? and an estimated 75 percent of students change their PDMRU DW OHDVW RQFH EHIRUH JUDGXDWLRQČ&#x2039; 7KH 0HQWRU 7KHOLPLWHGWLPHWKDWVWXGHQWVVSHQG with guidance counselors doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t seem to get WKHPDQ\FORVHUWRVHOHFWLQJDPDMRUWKDWLVWKH right fit.

8OWLPDWHO\WKHRQHURXVMRERIUHVHDUFKLQJFROleges and financing is up to the student and his SDUHQWVEXWWKH\QHHGDSURIHVVLRQDOWRJXLGH them in choosing preparatory coursework. â&#x20AC;&#x153;A College Board survey of graduates from the FODVV RI  FRQGXFWHG RQH \HDU DIWHU FRPPHQFHPHQWIRXQGWKDWSHUFHQWZLVKHGWKH\ had taken different courses in high schoolâ&#x20AC;? (The (GXFDWLRQ7UXVW +RZDUHIDPLOLHVJHWWLQJWKHLU information on which courses to take? With 40% of surveyed college freshmen wishing they had WDNHQGLIIHUHQWFODVVHVLWVHHPVWRLQGLFDWHWKDW there is an information void.

Many students who took part in a study stated that their guidance counselor didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have any LPSDFW LQ WKH PDMRU WKH\ FKRVH $FFRUGLQJ WR WKH VWXG\ WR VHOHFW D PDMRU VWXGHQWV VD\ WKDW â&#x20AC;&#x153;factors that played a role include a general inWHUHVWWKHVWXGHQWKDGLQWKHVXEMHFWKHRUVKH chose; family and peer influence; and assumpWLRQVDERXWLQWURGXFWRU\FRXUVHVSRWHQWLDOMRE FKDUDFWHULVWLFV DQG FKDUDFWHULVWLFV RI WKH PDMRUČ&#x2039; 7KH0HQWRU Č&#x160;Č?>6@VWXGHQWVDUHFKRRVLQJD PDMRUEDVHGRQLQIOXHQFHDQGDVVXPSWLRQUDWKer than through an understanding of their own SHUVRQDOJRDOVDQGYDOXHVČ&#x2039; 7KH0HQWRU 

Are Counselors Helping?

Selecting a Major

How much are guidance counselors helping

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:KHQVWXGHQWVOLYHWKHPDMRULW\RIWKHLU OLYHV ZLWK WKHLU IDPLO\ WKH\ KDYHQČ&#x2021;W had to make crucial decisions on their own; their ability to know who they are and predict what will be best for them is OLPLWHG 7R SLFN D PDMRU students need not only an in-depth knowledge and understanding of potential proIHVVLRQV EXW


The role of guidance counselors. they also need to know how they will react unGHUVWUHVV8QWLOWKH\KDYHKDGVRPHLQGHSHQdence and needed to make important decisions RQWKHLURZQWKH\ZRQČ&#x2021;WNQRZKRZWKHDQVZHUV to these questions. /LNHZLVHWKH\QHHGWRXQGHUVWDQGZKDWWKHMRE ZLOOEHOLNHRQEDGGD\VLIWKH\ZLOOKDYHWRUHORFDWHZRUNORQJKRXUVRUJLYHXSKREELHVIRU WKHLUFKRVHQFDUHHU7RKDYHDIXOOSLFWXUHWKH\ QHHGWRFRQGXFWUHVHDUFKWDONWRSURIHVVLRQDOV LQWKHILHOGMREVKDGRZDQGH[SORUHPDQ\RStions. While a guidance counselor can help stuGHQWV VHOHFW WKH ULJKW FODVVHV XVH WHFKQRORJ\ WRSHUIRUPUHVHDUFKDQGDUUDQJHIRULQWURGXFWLRQVWRSURIHVVLRQDOVWKHLUUROHLQFRQWULEXWLQJ WRFKRRVLQJDPDMRULVOLPLWHG 5HVHDUFK VXJJHVWV WKDW FKRRVLQJ D PDMRU EHIRUH HQWHULQJ FROOHJH LV QRW SRVVLEOH DQG FHUtainly canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t happen in a guidance counselorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s RIILFH Č&#x160;Č? 7KH\ VWXGHQWV  PD\ QRW \HW EH GHvelopmentally ready to make important life decisions without a structured period of self-reIOHFWLRQ OHDUQLQJ DQG JURZWK :KHQ PDNLQJ decisions independently or based on the opinions of those with whom they have a personal

UHODWLRQVKLSVXFKDVIDPLO\PHPEHUVVWXGHQWV ZLOOPRVWOLNHO\PDNHDQXQHGXFDWHGXQUHODWHG and ineffective decision not based on their true SHUVRQDOJRDOVLQWHUHVWVDQGYDOXHVČ&#x2039; 7KH0HQWRU 

Î&#x2013;QIRUPDWLRQ9RLG Guidance counselors should have a thorough understanding of the various kinds of state and SULYDWH ILQDQFLDO DLG DVVLVW IDPLOLHV WR XQGHUVWDQGZKDWNLQGRIDLGWKH\TXDOLI\IRUDQGKHOS students and families fill out financial aid and scholarships forms. â&#x20AC;&#x153;And 40 percent said they failed to get the guidance needed to understand the college application and financial aid SURFHVVHVČ&#x2039; 7KH(GXFDWLRQ7UXVW 1HDUO\KDOIRI the students do not learn about even a fraction of their college options or how to finance their HGXFDWLRQ(DFK\HDUPDQ\RSWLRQVFROOHJHRStions are left unexplored mainly because a guidance counselor did not make sure that students know to look into a wide-range of choices.

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The role of guidance counselors.

Job Description

Because many school principals are not trained in working with, supervising, and mentoring guidance counselors, they often utilize them as well-paid administrative assistants. Principals charge guidance counselors with coordinating standardized testing, substitute teaching, and providing lunch, bus, and hallway supervision duty.

The Problem Starts in Grad School Because most guidance counselors take their master’s degree classes with mental health and other counseling professionals, the focus of most of their program is on providing individual and small group therapy, not on the educational component of their job. To make matters worse, they may not have even had a school practicum. Usually, most guidance counselors only receive on the job training to help students in applying for colleges and financial aid. Due to their lack of educational training, guidance

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counselors are often more skilled at working with homeless students or those in a crisis than to encourage students in danger of heading nowhere to take more rigorous coursework.

A New Focus Rather than therapy being the focus of their work, guidance counselors should focus on urging all students to take rigorous classes that will prepare them for college or to succeed in their first job. Guidance counselors “have access to reams of data assessments results, enrollment patterns, attendance rates… keen insight into which students (including which groups of students) are on a dead-end path, which students are en route to a solid high school education that will produce real choices, and which students are somewhere in between” (The Education Trust). They need to leverage this information to implement programs that will help them have more meaningful interactions with the students on their caseloads and shows the


The role of guidance counselors. significance of taking high school classwork se- FKDQJHV WKH QH[W ZDYH RI JXLGDQFH FRXQVHOriously. ors can mold and positively influence students without regrets When students are struggling academically or KDYLQJ SUREOHPV DW KRPH LW LV WKH JXLGDQFH Sources / Works Cited: counselorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s role to bring together the childâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s The Mentor: An Academic Advising Journal teachers and family to begin to resolve emo- https://dus.psu.edu/mentor/2013/06/disconnect-choosing-major/ tional and school struggles. A school psychologist or private clinician should provide any The Education Trust: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Poised to Lead: How School Counselors subsequent therapy. Taking these measures Can Drive College and Career Readiness, December 2011 ZLOOKHOSORZHUDJXLGDQFHFRXQVHORUČ&#x2021;VFDVHORDG http://edtrust.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/Poised_To_ and allow them to focus on the academic com- Lead_0.pdf SRQHQWRIWKHLUMRE

+HOSIRU*XLGDQFH&RXQVHORUV Regularly bringing in professional community volunteers can help ease guidance counselorsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; caseloads; they can talk to students about GLIIHUHQWFDUHHUSDWKVDQGVHWXSWLPHVIRUMRE shadowing. Other ways to ease guidance counselors workloads include using or using more career asVHVVPHQWVKHOSLQJVWXGHQWVUHVHDUFKSRWHQWLDO FDUHHUV SURYLGLQJ RSSRUWXQLWLHV WR MRE VKDGRZIRUDGD\DQGDOORZLQJVWXGHQWVWRVLWLQRQ more challenging classes.

Necessary Changes Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s imperative that master degree programs for JXLGDQFHFRXQVHORUVFKDQJHVRWKH\DOOKDYHDQ HGXFDWLRQDO QRW D WKHUDS\EDVHG IRFXV $OVR all future guidance counselors must complete a school-based practicum before working in a high school. School principals need training on how to work with and mentor guidance counselors and allow them to spend their full day with the students on their caseload rather than working on administrative tasks. Î&#x2013;I XWLOL]HG FRUUHFWO\ JXLGDQFH FRXQVHORUV FDQ FKDQJH WKH WUDMHFWRU\ RI WKH QH[W JHQHUDWLRQ of students. â&#x20AC;&#x153;They also know which courses or teachers produce the most failures and sucFHVVHV ZKLFKSROLFLHVKROGVWXGHQWVEDFNDQG which instrumental supports helpâ&#x20AC;? (The EducaWLRQ7UXVW :LWKDIHZSROLF\DQGDGPLQLVWUDWLYH

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25


Can a good coach make a difference?

Can A Good Coach Make A Difference? By Edyta Miazga

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Can a good coach make a difference?

A child, especially vulnerable when growing up, needs guidance and support, but an DGXOWFDQEHQHÈ´WIURP professional perspective.

L

etâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s first ask who needs a mentor/coach. The DQVZHULVTXLFNDQGVKRUW(YHU\ERG\$FKLOG HVSHFLDOO\ YXOQHUDEOH ZKHQ JURZLQJ XS QHHGV JXLGDQFH DQG VXSSRUW EXW DQ DGXOW FDQ DOVR benefit from a professional perspective. Now who can assume a coachâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s/mentorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s role? Some SHRSOHGRLWEHFDXVHRIWKHQDWXUHRIWKHLUMRERU profession while some happen to become ones by family ties or even coincidence. To name a IHZ ZH KDYH RQ WKH OLVW D WHDFKHU FRXQVHORU DWKOHWLFWUDLQHUWKHUDSLVWSDUHQWJUDQGSDUHQW and even a neighbor on a long flight. A coach ZRXOG JLYH SUDFWLFDO VROXWLRQV DQ LQVWUXFWRU ZRXOG WUDLQ ZKHUHDV D PHQWRU FRXQVHORU RU JXLGH ZRXOG LQVSLUH EXW ERWK UROHV DUH FORVHO\ NQLWWHG WRJHWKHU %RWK OHDG E\ H[DPSOH DUH NQRZOHGJHDEOH WR SURYLGH DQVZHUV DUH JUHDW OLVWHQHUVKDYHJUHDWSDWLHQFHDQGEULQJGLIIHUent perspectives into our lives. I would add they are able to focus on us and be empathic. This LVDORQJOLVWRIFKDUDFWHULVWLFVDQGLWLVYHU\GHmanding. We feel safe entrusting our child to WKHJXLGDQFHRIRWKHUVDQGEHFDXVHRIWKDWZH have respect for and confidence in our mentors.

Because we have respect for and confidence in RXU PHQWRUV ZH FDQ IHHO VDIH HQWUXVWLQJ RXU child to their guidance. An important question arisesâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Why would one look for a mentor for oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s child when the parHQW FDQ EH KLVKHU UROH PRGHO" :HOO EHFDXVH VRPHWLPHV D SURIHVVLRQDO SHUVSHFWLYH QRW RYHUFKDUJHG E\ SHUVRQDO PHDQLQJ LV QHHGHG $OVRDGGLWLRQDOIHHGEDFNPD\EHYHU\YDOXDEOH as it often gives another perspective and shows different ways of handling a situation. Other people may possess skills that parents donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have. Is it safe to trust your child into someoneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s FRDFKLQJ" +HDOWK\ FRDFKLQJ EH LW LQ ELNLQJ SDLQWLQJVLJKWVHHLQJYROXQWHHULQJHWF FDQEH DJRRGZD\RIVSHQGLQJWLPHVKRZLQJGLIIHUHQW SRVVLELOLWLHVKHOSLQJJURZLQWRWKHFRPPXQLW\ and developing social skills. It is a safety oasis where a child can retreat when suffering an unVXFFHVVIXO GD\ DW VFKRRO JHWWLQJ LQWR DQ DUJXment with a best friend. It is good to learn not to focus on only one lifeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s aspect. A hobby can be a place to escape throughout oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s life.

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Can a good coach make a difference?

One of the mentorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s role I think is the most imSRUWDQWLVWRKHOSD\RXQJSHUVRQGLVFRYHUKHU his calling. I do feel pangs of pain for people ZKRVWUXJJOHWRGLVFRYHUWKHLUFDUHHUSDWK<HV you can become an optometrist even when you start at the age of 35. But you very likely already KDYHVRPHSULRUFROOHJHGHEWWRGHDOZLWKDQG now you will be thinking of student loans when you could have started to invest more in your UHWLUHPHQWDFFRXQW1RWWRPHQWLRQLWPD\EH PRUH GLIILFXOW WR EXLOG H[SHULHQFH SDUWLFLSDWH LQLQWHUQVKLSVOHDUQE\YROXQWHHULQJZKHQ\RX KDYHIDPLO\REOLJDWLRQV<HVLWFDQEHGRQHEXW give your child the gift of knowing what he/she wants and can do. A counselorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s help is invaluable here. It is no coincidence that there are so many books in the career section in every library. There are a lot of mentoring books on KRZ WR ILQG DQG GLVFRYHU \RXU FDOOLQJ IURP DOO editions of What Color is Your Parachute? to the more recent The Art of Work by Jeff Goins. And there are also the more specific ones about KRZWREHFRPHDQDFFRXQWDQWDQHQJLQHHUDQ DGPLQLVWUDWLRQ SURIHVVLRQDO HWF DQG KRZ WR SUHSDUHDUHVXPHORRNIRUDMRERUJHWUHDG\ for an interview. We need to face it: working \HDUVDUHWDNLQJVRPXFKRIRXUOLYHVZHFDQQRW OHDYH LW WR D FRLQFLGHQFH FKDQFH RU FRVWO\ XQguided decisions. While a high school counselor can help determine oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s education/career JRDOV LW LV HTXDOO\ LPSRUWDQW WR ILQG D SURIHV-

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sional mentor/coach after graduating. The easLHVWZD\ZRXOGEHWRMRLQSURIHVVLRQDODVVRFLDtions where young professional can meet more experienced colleagues. To support my earlier opinion that everybody FDQ XVH D PHQWRUFRDFK Î&#x2013; JDWKHUHG H[DPSOHV of famous mentors to famous persons: 1. :DUUHQ %XIIHWW DQG .DWKHULQH *UDham. $Q H[WUDRUGLQDU\ ZRPDQ .DWKHULQH *UDKDP WKHIRUPHURZQHURI7KH:DVKLQJWRQ3RVWZDV awarded the Pulitzer Prize for her elegantly written Personal History in which she gives an DFFRXQWRIKHUIULHQGVKLSZLWK:DUUHQ%XIIHWWD ILQDQFLDOH[SHUWZKRZDVPHQWRULQJKHULQEXVLQHVVPDWWHUV6KHGHVSLWHEHLQJIURPDZHDOWK\ family and the owner of an influential newspaSHUZLWKDJUDGXDWHGHJUHHIURPWKH8QLYHUVLW\ RI&KLFDJRLQOLWHUDWXUHQHHGHGDKDQG 2.

&ODUN &OLIIRUG DQG +DUU\ 6 7UXPDQ -RKQ).HQQHG\/\QGRQ%-RKQVRQDQG-LPmy Carter. &ODUN&OLIIRUGDQDEOHODZ\HUVHUYHGDVDQDGvisor to all the above-listed Democratic presidents. He gave a very interesting account of his years as an advisor in Counsel to the President.


Can a good coach make a difference? 3. Mark Zuckerberg considered Steve Jobs. +LV PHQWRU DFFRUGLQJ WR KLV )DFHERRN FRPment. Although the three recent biographical movies about the Facebook creator and the Apple CEO (movies about each of them respectiveO\ GRHVQRWPHQWLRQWKLVIDFWLWLVQRWKDUGWR VHH KRZ 6WHYH -REV WKH WHFKQRORJLFDO FUHDWRU became an inspiration for the social media innovator. 4. The current president of the Horatio AlJHU $VVRFLDWLRQ RI 'LVWLQJXLVKHG $PHULFDQV %\URQ'7URWW gives credit to his mentors. He thanks them for his successes. Byron Trott established the Jeff Metcalf Fellows Program in KRQRU RI WKH 8QLYHUVLW\ RI &KLFDJR GHDQ -HII 0HWFDOIKLVPHQWRUWRDOORZRWKHUVWXGHQWVRI WKH8QLYHUVLW\RI&KLFDJRWREHQHILWOLNHKHGLG Information about Trott can be found at www. horatioalgier.org.

5. 6LJPXQG)UHXG founder of psychoanal\VLV DQG Carl Jung IRXQGHU RI DQDO\WLFDO SV\FKRORJ\ VWRNH DQ LQWHOOHFWXDO IULHQGVKLS WKDW lasted six years before they parted. Freud was older than Jung and could be considered his PHQWRU EXW VXUHO\ WKH\ ERWK ZHUH JUHDW PHQ of the 20th century. Can a good mentor/coach make a difference? &HUWDLQO\ \HV (YHU\ERG\ FDQ XVH HQFRXUDJHPHQWVXSSRUWFRXQVHONQRZOHGJHDEOHDGYLFH and correction in difficult times from a compeWHQWDFFRXQWDEOHUROHPRGHOPHQWRU Source: The elements of mentoring / W. Brad Johnson and Charles R. Ridley / W. Brad Johnson and Charles R. Ridley, 2004 Secondary coaching and mentoring [electronic resource] : active observation, Teachers TV/UK Department of Education, 2007 Primary coaching and mentoring [electronic resource] : focused feedback, Teachers TV/UK Department of Education, 2007

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How to obtain a coaching license?

How to Obtain a Coaching License? By Erica Murphey

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How to obtain a coaching license?

Professional coaching can be a very SURČ´WDEOHSURIHVVLRQ$FFRUGLQJWR Harvard Business Review, the industry brought in $1 billion dollars in 2004. Professional coaching can be a very profitable

profession. According to Harvard Business ReYLHZ WKH LQGXVWU\ EURXJKW LQ  ELOOLRQ GROODUV in 2004. Maybe you believe something so lucra-tive is the right career for you. Yet where do you start? What are the exact requirements for be-ing a licensed coach?

Fresh Territory Chron dot com reports that there are no legal requirements for the profession. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a new field and anyone can technically bestow the title on themselves. You could be a recent high VFKRROJUDGXDWHVWLOOLQFROOHJHRUHYHQKDYHD 3K'+RZHYHUcbsnews dot com notes organi]DWLRQV VXFK DV &RDFK 8 DQG WKH Î&#x2013;QWHUQDWLRQDO &RDFKLQJ)HGHUDWLRQRUÎ&#x2013;&)DLPWRJLYHSURIHVsional coaches some standards. DUHVWD\LQJLQČ&#x2039;&DUUVDLGČ&#x160;6WXGHQWVZKRZRXOG QRUPDOO\QRWEHWDNLQJRXUDVVHVVPHQWWKH\Č&#x2021;UH LQWKHUHQRZDWODUJHUSURSRUWLRQVČ&#x2039; 5HVPRYLWV   2QH RI WKH FKDOOHQJHV WKH 'HSDUWPHQW of Education faces is accurately accessing the VXFFHVVRIVWXGHQWVWKLVLVYLWDOSDUWLFXODUO\IRU groups of students who were not included in standardized testing previously.

Accredited versus Credentialed Of course most people who aim to do this for a living want to be legitimate. According to the ICF - â&#x20AC;&#x153;programs are accredited while individuals are credentialed.â&#x20AC;? Hopefuls can find authentic accredited coach training programs by considering the following points:

â&#x20AC;˘ Do I want to take the program in person or online? â&#x20AC;˘ Is my instructor already certified by an organization such as the ICF? â&#x20AC;˘ What kind of school of thought does the program subscribe to and has it been proven to work? Suppose you want to be credentialed instead. Some organizations such at the ICF do not offer their own programs. It only offers guidelines for SLFNLQJ DQ DSSURSULDWH RQH +RZHYHU LW GRHV offer credentialed applications which only need to be purchased and fill out. There are three levels of credentialed coaches: $VVRFLDWH&HUWLILHG&RDFK3URIHVVLRQDO&HUWLILHG &RDFKDQG0DVWHU&HUWLILHG&RDFK<RXUQHZWLtle depends on how long you have trained and the mandatory experience. A Master Certified Coach has the most necessary hours and experience.

&KRRVLQJ7KH3HUIHFW3URJUDP%X\er Beware. When you search for the phrase how to obtain a coaching license on Google many results pop up. You should consider what is right for you. Online programs might be best if you have a YHU\ EXV\ VFKHGXOH )RU LQVWDQFH D VLQJOH SDUent might benefit more from an online coaching program while a childless millennial might be DEOH WR WDNH D FODVV LQ SHUVRQ +RZHYHU WKHUH are a few more things to consider:

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31


How to obtain a coaching license? â&#x20AC;˘ How long will it take to complete? â&#x20AC;˘ Is it within your budget? â&#x20AC;˘ Will you be able to practice your skills outside of the classroom during your training? 0RVWLPSRUWDQWO\EHZDUHRIWKRVHZKLFKKDYH not been approved by an accrediting body. CBS News reports that some â&#x20AC;&#x153;programsâ&#x20AC;? will claim that they can train you to be a proper coach in less than twelve hours! Few if any clients will want a coach with a lack of proper training and the chances are that if it sounds too good to be true it probably is. More information on obtaining proper life coach training can be found at FRDFKIHGHUDWLRQGRW org and coachinc dot com

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Sources: https://hbr.org/2004/11/the-wild-west-of-executive-coaching http://work.chron.com/legal-requirements-life-coaching-26795.html https://coachfederation.org/credential/landing.cfm?ItemNumber=2106 https://coachfederation.org/about/landing.cfm?ItemNumber=844&navItemNumber=617&navItemNumber=3745&_ga=2.18322361.1696798821.14954840172007346332.1495475344 http://www.coachinc.com/coachinc/default.asp?s=1


Different coaching types / approaches....

Different coaching types/approaches and where to find those coaches? By Sita Singh

We

hear parents say â&#x20AC;&#x153;My kid is struggling ZLWK VWXGLHV LQ VFKRRO VSRUW PHHWLQJ WHDFKHUÈ&#x2021;VH[SHFWDWLRQVIULHQGVVRFLDOVNLOOVEHKDYLRU and health and sometimes even with parents. It breaks the parentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s heart to see their kid go through a difficult phase. 8QIRUWXQDWHO\ HYHQ WKRXJK GHHSO\ ORYHG E\ WKHLUSDUHQWVPDQ\NLGVDUHQRWKDSS\DQGOLIH seems complicated and difficult to them. As a UHVXOW WKHLU SDUHQWV VWUXJJOH LQ PRWLYDWLQJ WKH kids even to do their everyday tasks. But sometimes kids are not able to handle the moment to moment changes and do not realize how WR WDNH WKH DGYLFH VXSSRUW FDUH DQG ZLVGRP which their parents would like to give them. The emotional awareness and ability to handle feelings will determine the success and happiness LQOLIHLQFOXGLQJIDPLO\UHODWLRQVKLSV With the Internet around our lives it is not difficult to find the right tool which will guide us in helping our children. But when it comes to something concerning our children we have to

be 100% sure about what we are getting into. Î&#x2013;I ZH MXVW UHZLQG WKH WLPH LQ RXU OLYHV EHIRUH WKHÎ&#x2013;QWHUQHWKLWXVLI\RXKHDUGDQ\RQHVD\WKH ZRUGÈ&#x160;FRDFKPHQWRUÈ&#x2039;ZHZRXOGDOZD\VDVVRFLDWHKLPKHUZLWKVRPHVSRUW1RZLQWKHVW century the word coach/mentor means something else. Dr. Gottman a renowned professor in psychology has spent over forty years researching and his studies involved interesting conversations ZLWK SDUHQWV WDONLQJ DERXW WKHLU PDUULDJHV their reactions to their childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s emotional experiences. He concluded that most parents fall into one of two categories: those who give their children an insight about the world of emotion and those who donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t. With both parents workLQJWKHVWUHVVOHYHOVLQFUHDVLQJDQGWKHSDWLHQFH OHYHOGHFUHDVLQJDFRDFKPHQWRUFRPHVLQDVD saving grace and helps nurturing our children. Coaches can be very influential in the lives of children. For example if you ask a group of adults to recall any memory from their childKRRGDORWRIWKHPZLOOUHPHPEHUDERXWDVSRUW

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Different coaching types / approaches.... where there was a coach who would encourage and motivate them to go ahead and push themselves harder. Even after many years it does make you emotional and nostalgic. But if you ask them any memory from the classroom they will not be able to recall it immediately.

AUTOCRATIC COACH

These days we have coaches/mentors for all VNLOOV :H KDYH FRPSLOHG D OLVW RI VRPH ZKLFK will give you an insight about who are these coaches and where do we find them.

DEMOCRATIC COACH

:KDW DUH WKH GLIIHUHQW &RDFKLQJ Styles? Coaches may have a preferred style of coachLQJZKLFKLVQRUPDOO\EDVHGRQWKHSHUVRQDOLW\ but we need to be adaptable and be able to use different styles according to the situation. )RU FRDFKHV UHODWHG WR VSRUW WKH WKUHH PDLQ styles are: AUTOCRATIC - â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Bossyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; - â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Authoritarianâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; DEMOCRATIC - â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Guiderâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; - â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Distant yet approachableâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;

This is where the coach makes all the decisions and the participants do what they are told. This coach will be a strong disciplinarian and likes to be in control.

This involves shared decision- making. This coach will guide participants towards selecting and achieving their goals. He/she provides leadership in the form of positive guidance. Both coaching styles have advantages and disadvantages. Both combine a mix of qualities VXFK DV VXFK DV OHDGHUVKLS PDQDJHPHQW HQWKXVLDVPDQGJRRGFRPPXQLFDWLRQ$QGILQDOO\ZHVHHWKDWFRDFKLQJYDULHVIRUGLIIHUHQWVNLOO OHYHOVDJHVDQGDELOLWLHV It is likewise crucial for coaches to use different styles because players respond in different ways. It is important to try to work with players and to keep their enthusiasm and motivation high. This is possible if the coach is flexible in their approach and can change styles within a VHVVLRQ DSSURSULDWH WR WKH VLWXDWLRQ DQG WKH needs of the players. Coaches should be able to change styles and know they are doing for the betterment of the team/individual. 7RGD\DVLGHIURPVSRUWVDFWLYLWLHVZHGRKDYH coaches for different elements of life.

BUSINESS COACH $ 3URYLGHVH[HFXWLYHFRDFKLQJ IRUVHQLRUV

B. Business coaching for startups (for enWUHSUHQHXUV

& 0DQDJHPHQWFRDFKLQJ IRUWHDPOHDGHUV

' 6WDIIFRDFKLQJ IRUWHDPV

E. Interview coaching (for potential employHHV

Î&#x2013;QDGGLWLRQWRWKHDERYHVLWXDWLRQVDEXVLQHVV coach will be able to help you if: A. You want to develop further public speaking skills

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Different coaching types / approaches.... B. skills C. D. E. sions F.

You want to improve communication You want to start a new business You need help in managing a team You need to make key changes and deciYou need help with work/life balance

LIFE COACH 3HUVRQDO'HYHORSPHQW

Confidence and self-belief comes from positive WKLQNLQJWDONLQJWRRWKHUVDQGVRPHWLPHVDQG training. We often struggle to find the perfect balance in having an overall positive attitude and good communication. Our confidence and self-belief can be reflected in many ways - our EHKDYLRURXUPRRGDQGWKHZD\ZHFDUU\RXUselves. People who lack self-belief and self-confidence will often find that certain areas of their lives will be affected. We have to start taking action to make sure the negative environment starts becoming positive. Life coaches come with the tools and techniques to help you develop your confidence and self-belief. Confidence coaching is meant to help you raise your mental self and self-esteem. Life coaches do have the ability to help you challenge your inhibitions and thoughts WKDW\RXKDYHDERXW\RXUVHOIVXSSRUW\RXUFRQfidence and help you create a positive mental self-image. These days we have Life coaches for family and youth as well.

FAMILY COACHING â&#x20AC;&#x153;Family is the most important thing in the world.â&#x20AC;? Each family is different and has their share of struggle and challenges. The challenges which a family might faceA. B. C. D. E. F. G.

Newly married challenges Poor communication New parents School dropouts Teenage challenges Stress and Anger management Work-life balance

Happy and peaceful family life can be achieved E\KDYLQJWKHULJKWEDODQFHRIHPSDWK\UHVSHFW communication and understanding.

YOUTH COACHING When you are a teenager you are at a vulnerable stage of life. You go with an instinct and sometimes lack the maturity to see what the repercussions will be of the decisions which you have WDNHQ7HHQDJHUVDUHGHDOLQJZLWKERG\FKDQJH brain change. Sometimes young people can feel like they are stuck inside a tunnel in which there is no one light the way. The expectations they KDYHRIWKHPVHOYHVDVZHOODVWKHSUHVVXUHVRI ILWWLQJLQJURZLQJXSDQGSODQQLQJDIXWXUHFDQ make it hard for them to cope.

SPIRITUAL COACHING Many people confuse spirituality with religion. Spirituality means finding the higher purpose in your life. So what makes a Spiritual coach different from the other Life coaches? Spiritual FRDFKLQJ SXWV OLIH LQWR WKH FRQWH[W RI OLYLQJ LW HQMR\LQJ WKH MRXUQH\ DFFHSWLQJ FHUWDLQ VLWXDtions in life and how to move on with the help of connecting with the inner potential of yourself. This enables you to draw on inner resources you didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t even know you had to transform. Spiritual coaching looks at forces both within and without to help you get there. The aim is to creating a balance between the outside world and your inner resources to realize your goals and transformation.

CAREER COACHING Î&#x2013;WČ&#x2021;VQRVHFUHWWKDWLWČ&#x2021;VVWLOODSUHWW\WRXJKMREPDUket out there. With the number options available right now career wise it can get very confusing for the youth and even for adults sometimes. These days there are a number of certified professionals who will help make your search a bit easier. These days many schools and colleges hire career coaches or you can even call them career counselors who help students make in-

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Different coaching types / approaches.... formed career decisions. Mostly students and sometimes even adults are unsure about their career goals and so that is when a Career coach ZLOOZRUNFORVHO\ZLWK\RXLQXQGHUVWDQGLQJ\RX \RXUVNLOOVSDVVLRQDQGKHOS\RXFUHDWHDSODQ Career coaching will allow you to explore who you are and what you really want from your work. A Career coach will help you to:

8QGHUVWDQG\RX\RXU skills and passion Create an action plan to achieve your goals

COACHING STYLES Autocratic â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Bossyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; - â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Authoritarianâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Democratic â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Guiderâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; - â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Distant yet approachableâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;

Create a guided and structured approach Help you overcome the obstacles which hold you back Write your resume Working out something which will make your truly happy 6RLQVWHDGRIPDNLQJRXUFKLOGUHQSHUIHFW let us perfect our relation with them. A little praise goes a long way. Make time to SUDLVH\RXUFKLOGÈ&#x2021;VVWURQJSRLQWVIRUH[DPSOHSRLQWLQJRXWWKHLUGHWHUPLQDWLRQ accomplishments and strengths. Affirmations and your belief in them will help in their nurturing process in the long run. You will bring out the best in them!!!

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Sources: http://www.lifecoach-directory.org.uk/content/coaching-styles.html Quora Forums http://www.co2partners.com/executive-coaching-types/


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Common Core: There are no bad studentsâ&#x20AC;Ś

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Common Core: There are no bad students…

The “Common Core”: There are no bad students. Each one has a potential. By Richard Wu

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Common Core: There are no bad studentsâ&#x20AC;Ś

The â&#x20AC;&#x153;Common Coreâ&#x20AC;? has been a very influen-

tial system of education for me. Though I would like to think that it was present throughout P\ ZKROH HGXFDWLRQDO FDUHHU LW FHUWDLQO\ JRYerned my education in middle school. The ComPRQ &RUH DV DGYHUWLVHG RQ WKH ZHEVLWH LWVHOI is â&#x20AC;&#x153;a set of high-quality academic standards in mathematics and English language arts/literDF\ (/$ Č&#x2039; %XW WKH &RPPRQ &RUH WXUQV RXW WR be not so high-quality when it is implemented in the classroom. In my experience and in my YLHZDVDKLJKVFKRROVWXGHQWÎ&#x2013;KDYHVHHQDQG heard many different opinions about the sysWHP+HUHÎ&#x2013;ZLOOWDONDERXWP\YLHZSRLQW Î&#x2013;QP\FDVHWKH&RPPRQ&RUHGHOLYHUVDVHQVH RI QRUPDOF\ %HFDXVH WKHUH DUH VHW VWDQGDUGV it is much harder to one-up the next level. My peers and friends have a constant mindset of competition: Competition to get into the most prestigious universities. We were already thinkLQJDERXWLWLQPLGGOHVFKRRO:HOHDUQWRJHWKHU PXFKDWWKHVDPHOHYHOÎ&#x2013;QIDFWPDQ\VWXGHQWV DFURVVWKHFRXQWU\WKLQNOLNHXVVWULYLQJWRZDUGV +DUYDUG3ULQFHWRQRU<DOH:LWKVRPDQ\NLGV UHDFKLQJRXWIRUDVHDWDWRQHRIWKRVHVFKRROV they have less ground for standing out. That only can mean that kids are learning at an increasingly accelerated pace. Not only do they KDYHVLJQLILFDQWO\IHZHUFKDQFHVEXWWKH\DOVR

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face more competition compared to when the Common Core did not exist. %\OHYHOLQJWKHSOD\LQJILHOGWKH'HSDUWPHQWRI Education has ensured the same quality of education for less privileged children. Doing this has also ensured that the top performers matriculate into top-tier universities. The system has raised the bar for education. What some schools in some states consider â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;goodâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; has become â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;averageâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; or worse by national standards. While these changes may have affected older NLGV ZKR KDYH JURZQ XVHG WR WKH VWDWH VWDQGDUGV WKH\ KDYH QRW DIIHFWHG P\ KLJK VFKRRO DQGPLGGOHVFKRROSHHUVDVPXFK<HVWKHEDOO JDPH LV KDUGHU EXW VWXGHQWV JHW XVHG WR LW Î&#x2013;W WUDLQV WKHP WR EHFRPH KDUGZRUNLQJ GLOLJHQW kids who can stand up to every challenge that FRPHVWKHLUZD\Î&#x2013;IWKHDQWHLVXSSHGWKHQWKHLU ability to deal with it is upped as well. If they KDYHWKHGHVLUHWRILJKWWRWKHWRSWKHQWKH\ZLOO succeed under the guidance of the Common Core. It is also essential for students to know the long-term benefits of their hard work. Many students at my school either didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t care about their education or could not see how what they were working on would help them in the future. :LWKRXW D GHVLUH WR UHDFK IRU WKH VWDUV WKH\ were not as well off as the ones who had real goals. The system rewards students who know what


Common Core: There are no bad studentsâ&#x20AC;¦

they want to be when they grow up. They know ZKDWNLQGRIHGXFDWLRQWKH\ZDQWDQGWKH&RPmon Core gives it to them. It doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t matter how well the system is planned. The fact that it is a struggle prepares them for life. But it relies on the student to ignore the flaws of the system and EXLOG XSRQ WKH VXFFHVVHV *ULW DV PDQ\ SHRSOH QRZDGD\VFDOOLWLVUHVLOLHQFHLQDQXWVKHOO Teachers too are tested by the change. The ones WKDW OHDYH WKH MRE GR QRW KDYH WKHLU KHDUW LQ teaching. They shy away from the more rigorous FRXUVHV OHDYLQJ EHKLQG WKH EHVW WHDFKHUV ZKR are flexible and know what is best for their stuGHQWVÎ&#x2013;QDZD\WKLVV\VWHPKDPPHUVRXWWKHVODJ and impurities in school districts. Students have every right to benefit from that. If a lazy teacher GHFLGHVWROHDYHEHFDXVHRIWKHV\VWHPWKDWRQO\ helps the students and brings in a more diligent

teacher. 'HVSLWH ZKDW WKH FULWLFV VD\ WKH RQO\ WUXWK LV that students are hindered by themselves. If they cannot accept that they have harder KRPHZRUNRUVWULYHIRUWKHWRSVFKRROVRUHYHQ realize what riches and gold await them after DQ HGXFDWLRQ IXOO RI GHPDQGLQJ ZRUN WKHQ RI FRXUVH WKH &RPPRQ &RUH LV QRW FRPSDWLEOH The system only works for children with ambition. By emphasizing this in many advertisePHQWV LQVSLUDWLRQDO SRVWHUV DQG HYHQ DW WKH parent-teacher conferences at the end of every VHPHVWHUPDQ\RIWKHFKLOGUHQZKRGRQRW EHOLHYHLQWKHV\VWHPDUHFKDQJHGIRUWKHEHWter. There are no bad students. Each one has a potential. It is up to them to unlock their potential

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EDUCATION

AROUND THE

WORLD 42

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Education Around the World: Finland

Education Around the World: Finland By Lakia S. Curtis

High Quality Education For All. F

inlandâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s education system has achieved international acclaim for its consecutive top performance in the Programme for International Student AsVHVVPHQW 3Î&#x2013;6$ DVZHOODVLWVSURJUHVVLYHDSSURDFK toward education. According to the Finnish NaWLRQDO$JHQF\IRU(GXFDWLRQČ&#x160;OHDUQHUVVKRXOGDOVR H[SHULHQFHVXFFHVVDQGMR\RIOHDUQLQJČ&#x2039; Accessible Education for All Finland provides free education to all levels of learning from pre-primary to college level education. Students in pre-primary and basic education

UHFHLYH WH[WERRNV PHDOV DQG WUDQVSRUWDWLRQ free of charge. Early childhood education is provided at a fee according to the family income level. 7KH(DUO\&KLOGKRRG(GXFDWLRQDQG&DUH (&(&  V\VWHPFDWHUVWRFKLOGUHQDJHVDQGXQGHUDQG uses the â&#x20AC;&#x153;EduCareâ&#x20AC;? model which employs â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;playâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; as a central component of learning. Students usually attend daycare and family childcare centers as part of the Early Childhood Educa-

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Education Around the World: Finland

Helsinki panorama

tion and Care system.

on ethnic origin. It also prohibits the denial of access to the countryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s educational services.

Basic education takes place over a period of nine years for students between ages 7 through Finland and PISA 16. According to the Finnish National Agency for (GXFDWLRQEDVLFHGXFDWLRQIRFXVHVRQKXPDQ- The Programme for International Student AsLW\ HWKLFDO EHKDYLRUDO GHYHORSPHQW DQG EXLOG- VHVVPHQW 3Î&#x2013;6$ VXUYH\V\HDUROGVZRUOGZLGH ing life skills. While students LQ PDWKHPDWLFV VFLHQFH typically attend schools and reading. The survey is that are in closest proximadministered every three LW\ WR WKHP WKH\ GR KDYH years by the Organization the option to select an infor Economic Co-Operation stitution of their choice DQG 'HYHORSPHQW 2(&'  within specific guidelines. The results are recorded Finland has two nationDO ODQJXDJHV )LQQLVK DQG 6ZHGLVK DQG HGXFDWLRQ LV provided in both these lanJXDJHV EXW DFFRPPRGDWLRQVDUHPDGHIRU5RPDQL 6DPLDQG.DUHOLDQPLQRULty languages. The National Finnish Agency for Education asserts that â&#x20AC;&#x153;students are encouraged to maintain their mother tongue and cultural identity.â&#x20AC;? The Equality Act of 2004 prohibits discrimination based

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and organized into international rankings. Currently Finland is the third highest performing OECD country in science and has consistently ranked among the highest performing countries for its overall scores.

Finland Combats Bullying with Success .L9DČ LVDQHYLGHQFHEDVHG anti-bullying program


Education Around the World: Germany: Finland aimed at lowering the incidence of bullying in Finland. According to Finlandâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Ministry of EduFDWLRQDQG&XOWXUHLQFRQMXQFWLRQZLWKWKH8QLYHUVLW\ RI 7XUNX .L9DČ  KDV WKUHH XQLWV RI SDUWLFLSDWLRQ8QLWRQHLVIRUVWXGHQWVEHWZHHQWKH DJHV RI  8QLW WZR LV IRU VWXGHQWV EHWZHHQ WKHDJHVRIDQGXQLWWKUHHLVIRUVWXGHQWV between the ages of 13-16 (after middle school/ ORZHUVHFRQGDU\VFKRROWUDQVLWLRQ  $FWLYLWLHV LQFOXGH FODVVURRP GLVFXVVLRQV UROHSOD\LQJJURXSZRUNDQGVKRUWILOPVDERXW bullying. Teacher and parents play a vital role and are assigned specific activities for involvement.

In Finland, the average performance in reading of 15-year-olds is 526 points, compared to an average of 493 points in OECD countries (PISA)

(GXFDWLRQDO 5HIRUP DQG 2QJRLQJ Improvement Teachers are esteemed as key components in educational success. Learning is student-centered with reform efforts directed toward developing schools as learning communities and fostering environments for collaborative activities and growth. Finland continuously examines its pedagogical practices to ensure that all pupils receive high-quality education and training Sources: Council for Creative Education. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Finland Education Model.â&#x20AC;? http://www.ccefinland.org/finland-education-model-c1yvm Opetushallitus Utbildningsstyrelsen. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Finnish Education in a Nutshell.â&#x20AC;? http://www.oph.fi/download/146428_Finnish_Education_in_a_Nutshell.pdf http://gpseducation.oecd.org/CountryProfile?primaryCountry=FIN&treshold=10&topic=PI

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46

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FEATURED

STORIES

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Coach for â&#x20AC;&#x153;Girls on the Runâ&#x20AC;? Breaks...

Coach for â&#x20AC;&#x153;Girls on the Runâ&#x20AC;? Breaks Gender Barriers. By Erica Murphey SKH MXJJOHV KHU FDUHHU DV D 6WXGHQW 6HUYLFHV Member at Mason Public School with running her own nonprofit organization. 6KHČ&#x2021;VRULJLQDOO\IURP$NURQ2KLR 48-year old Patricia Wyatt also breaks stereotypes about women as a volunteer coach for the na-tionwide nonprofit organization known as Girls on the Run. The goal of Girls on the Run is to help young ladies move forward and direct them to a healthy and fit lifestyle. A typical practice day LVYHU\EXV\IRU&RDFK:\DWW$IWHUFKHFNLQJLQ the girls circle up and go over their curriculum.

Then they practice for a 5-kilometer race they will have after the 10-week program. She began coaching young women in 2014 for Girls on the Run when someone suggested that the Ohio school she works for should operate a local council of the organization. She does not let her gender stop her from gearing young ladies toward being athletic. She believes that being a woman is irrelevant to how well she leads her team.

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49


Coach for â&#x20AC;&#x153;Girls on the Runâ&#x20AC;? Breaks...

Č&#x160;Î&#x2013; WKLQN LI \RX FRPH OHW WKHP JLUOV  EH VWURQJ and show them discipline and structure theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll love you for it. They know Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m for them and I love WKHPDQGÎ&#x2013;Č&#x2021;PMXVWWU\LQJWRKHOSWKHPPRYHIRU ZDUGVRÎ&#x2013;GRQČ&#x2021;WWKLQNWKH\WDNHDIHPDOHFRDFK OHVV VHULRXVO\ Î&#x2013; WKLQN LW MXVW GHSHQGV RQ KRZ WKHSHUVRQLVDQGKRZ\RXGRDVDFRDFKČ&#x2039;VKH notes. Her biggest accomplishment as a coach is doubling the size of her team of 15. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t like to turn the girls away because it is a program where you have to move forward and most of the girls I work with are underpriviOHJHGÎ&#x2013;GRQČ&#x2021;WOLNHWRVD\QRČ&#x2039;:\DWWVD\V +HU ORYH RI KHOSLQJ \RXQJ ZRPHQ LV VWURQJ and she doubts that she will ever stop being a role model. Even if she doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t coach for her VFKRROČ&#x2021;V FRXQFLO VKH EHOLHYHV VKH FDQ KHOS DW other local places.  Č&#x160;Î&#x2013; MXVW WKLQN WKDW ZKDW \RX QHHG LV D SODFH IRU NLGVWREHDEOHWRFRPHLQH[HUFLVHDQGUXQIRU practice. I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t think itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll ever be a problem be-

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Coach for â&#x20AC;&#x153;Girls on the Runâ&#x20AC;? Breaks... cause you can do it at a community center or an-ywhere that you can house kids and people WRFRPHLQČ&#x2039;:\DWWVD\V Of course that includes her personal organizaWLRQ WKH 1RUWK +LOO &RPPXQLW\ +RXVH ZKHUH she works with inner city families. Č&#x160;0\PLVVLRQOLNH*LUOVRQWKH5XQLVKHOSLQJDQG empowering children and families who may be OHVVIRUWXQDWHČ&#x2039;VKHPHQWLRQV The northeastern council of Girls on the Run is LQ$NURQ2KLR7KHUHDUHLQWKHFRXQWU\ Sources: https://www.girlsontherun.org/

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51


Relationship Coach Manny Hall...

Relationship Coach Manny Hall on Mentoring and Learning Erica Murphey and Nina Warnke

MDQQ\+DOOČ&#x2021;VOLIHSXUSRVHKHVD\VLVČ&#x160;WRKHOS

hurting people and to try pleasing God in the process.â&#x20AC;? Motivated by his deep connection to SHRSOH DV ZHOO DV WR *RG WKH WKLUW\ILYH\HDU old Cleveland native is making his mark as a UHODWLRQVKLS FRDFK DXWKRU DQG PRWLYDWLRQDO VSHDNHU)RUKLPFUHDWLQJPHDQLQJIXOSHUVRQDO relationships is at the core of a successful and KDSS\ OLIH 1RWKLQJ EULQJV KLP PRUH MR\ WKDQ helping others realize their potential and seeing how they transform their lives. Twenty years DJR KH FRXOG QRW KDYH LPDJLQHG ZKDW KLV OLIH ZRXOGORRNDQGIHHOOLNHWRGD\%XWWKHQDJDLQ what high school student can? So how is all that important for a high school or FROOHJHVWXGHQW\RXDVN:HOOKLVRZQSDWKWR finding what he wants to do professionally and his focus on relationships make him a great resource for advice on thinking about college and career as well as on the kind of mentoring relationships we all need to excel. Manny Hall knows from personal experience what effect mentoring and lack of mentoring

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FDQ KDYH RQ \RX )RU KLP OLIH LQ KLJK VFKRRO was not always easy. He was smart and full of promise but more excited about hanging out with friends than doing schoolwork. He found DPHQWRUKLVKLVWRU\WHDFKHU0U3HWHUVRQZKR believed in him and helped him to stay accountable and make good decisions. Mr. Peterson supported him with his issues at home but he also encouraged him to learn about the African-American experience and understand his RZQ KHULWDJH VRPHWKLQJ QRW WDXJKW LQ VFKRRO 7RWKLVGD\0U+DOOFUHGLWVKLVPHQWRUIRUWKH LPSRUWDQWUROHKHSOD\HGDWWKLVMXQFWXUHLQKLV life. 0U +DOO ZHQW RQ WR FROOHJH DW WKH 8QLYHUVLW\ RI$NURQEXWKHZDVQRWTXLWHUHDG\IRULW+H didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t know what he was studying for and didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t see the benefit of learning. He had no one who helped him find direction to make college a meaningful experience and a steppingstone to a career. Eventually he dropped out. But he had found his faith in college and would serve as a deacon and minister at his church while also ZRUNLQJYDULRXVMREVÎ&#x2013;WZDVGXULQJWKLVWLPHWKDW he began to coach and mentor individuals and


Relationship Coach Manny Hall...

â&#x20AC;&#x153;I think the worst thing someone can do when choosing a major is getting caught up in the hype of what everyone else is doing,â&#x20AC;? Manny Hall

groups of people dealing with grief from loss of Mentors can have a great impactâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;no matter MREVWRORVVRIUHODWLRQVKLSVEXWKHGLGQRW\HW how old you are and for what you need guidance. But you need to seek out these opportuconsider what he was doing as a profession. nities. What is it that you want help with? Who :KHQKHGLGJREDFNWRVFKRROILUVWWRVWXG\IRU can you identify as someone who might be D%$DQGWKHQIRUD0DVWHUČ&#x2021;VGHJUHHLQ2UJDQL- able to help you? With whom can you build a ]DWLRQDO0DQDJHPHQWKHZHQWZLWKDSXUSRVH trusting relationship? Who can serve as a role and a goal. He realized how much he could model? Mr. Hall advises you to look for somelearn from his professors and other students. one who shares your background and who can Studying had a meaning it didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have before. intuitively relate to you because he or she expeHis advice: instead of approaching school to rienced what you are experiencing. â&#x20AC;&#x153;As a menJHWDGHJUHHWRPDNHJRRGPRQH\VWXG\VRPH- WRUČ&#x2039;KHVD\VČ&#x160;Î&#x2013;KROGVRPHRQHČ&#x2021;VKDQGVWKURXJK thing that will make you happy and fulfill your WKHSURFHVVÎ&#x2013;FDQVHHWKHVWUXJJOHÎ&#x2013;ZDVWKHUHČ&#x2039; purpose in life. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I think the worst thing someone But he reminds mentees that they have to take FDQGRZKHQFKRRVLQJDPDMRULVJHWWLQJFDXJKW UHVSRQVLELOLW\ IRU WKH UHODWLRQVKLS NQRZ ZKDW XSLQWKHK\SHRIZKDWHYHU\RQHHOVHLVGRLQJČ&#x2039; WKH\QHHGEHKRQHVWZLWKWKHPHQWRUDQGPDNH VD\V+DOO*RWRFODVVWROHDUQQRWVLPSO\WRJHW sure to stay in contact with him or her. FUHGLWV$V\RXORRNIRUHOHFWLYHVFKRRVHVRPHthing that has a component you want to learn $V KH ZHOO NQRZV WKRXJK RQH FDQ DOVR ILQG DERXW %XW KH VD\V Č&#x160;XQGHUVWDQG WKDW VRPH- mentors in unexpected places. He developed WLPHV\RXJRWWRGRZKDW\RXJRWWRGRČ&#x2039;HYHQLI very much a 21st-century relationshipâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;that it does not interest you much. Give it your best. LV LW LV RQOLQHČ&#x192;ZLWK VRPHRQH ZKR KDV EHHQ

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â&#x20AC;&#x153;

Relationship Coach Manny Hall... dead for over one hundred years. His mentor DQGÈ&#x160;ELJEURWKHUÈ&#x2039;DVKHFDOOVKLPLVWKHIDPRXV 19th-century writer Ralph Waldo Emerson. Mr. Hall has been reading his essays and trying to test how Emersonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s principles can apply to him. He even created a co-mentoring group with some friends to discuss Emersonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ideas. :KLOH WKLV LV FHUWDLQO\ DQ XQXVXDO H[DPSOH LW shows that mentorship can take many different IRUPVÈ&#x192;LWLVZKDW\RXSXWLQDQGPDNHRILW6R who do you admire and want to learn from?

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The mediocre med teacher tells. The Th good teacher explains. The superior explains teacher demonstrates. The great teacher inspires. - William Arthur Ward


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WHY? SERIES

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Why Is Climate Change Real?

Why Is Climate Change Real? By Nidhi Menon Increasing

greenhouse gas emissions have contributed to rising global temperatures. Rapid fossil fuel consumption has led to exorbitant levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and is the driving force behind global warming. While the Earthâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s climate has been through ZDUPLQJDQGFRROLQJF\FOHVWKURXJKRXWKLVWRU\ modern climate has been drastically affected in the recent years. Surface temperatures have increased by 2 degrees Fahrenheit since the 19th century and the last 35 years have contributed most to this steep increase in temperature. The impact of global warming can be seen on rising VHDOHYHOV LQFKHVLQWKHODVWFHQWXU\ PHOWLQJ ice (several cubic kilometers lost in the last sev-

HUDOGHFDGHV GURXJKWVZLOGILUHVDQGH[WUHPH climate conditions. Evidence-based research is able to provide statistically significant impacts of global warming on swiftly changing climate since the advent of technology and global industrial revolution. Climate change refuters eiWKHUGHQ\WKHH[LVWHQFHRIFOLPDWHFKDQJHLWVHOI or believe that humans are not to blame for it. This phenomenon is scientifically measured and linked to human activity. Climate change is as real as longer summers! We could all contribute to reducing the impact of global warming by reducing our own carbon footprints by using green energy and recycling waste

Sources "Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet: Evidence." Accessed June 29, 2017. https://climate.nasa.gov/evidence/. 6FLHQWLČ´FFRQVHQVXV1$6$&OLPDWH&KDQJHDQG*OREDO Warming." Accessed June 29, 2017. https://climate.nasa.gov/ VFLHQWLČ´FFRQVHQVXV

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Why do we dream?

“Freud had said that dreams allow us to express our deepest wishes and fears, which are otherwise suppressed in a conscious state. “ - Sigmund Freud

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Why do we dream?

Why Do We Dream? By Nidhi Menon

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59


Why do we dream?

We now know that dreams are most prominent during REM and these are the dreams that we are able to recall more often, although the extent of the memory of it varies among individuals.

Dreaming is a phenomenon that has left man-

kind astounded for ages. We often ponder about WKHPHDQLQJSXUSRVHDQGRULJLQRIWKHVHYLYLG dreams. Freud had said that dreams allow us WRH[SUHVVRXUGHHSHVWZLVKHVDQGIHDUVZKLFK are otherwise suppressed in a conscious state. $OWKRXJK PRVW RI WKH WLPHV ZH VHH RXU PLQG playing out dreams with various interpretations RIWKHVHKLGGHQWKRXJKWVDQGGHVLUHVWKHUHDUH times we find it hard to make sense of some of the very mundane dreams. While previous inWHUSUHWDWLRQVRIGUHDPVZHUHSV\FKRORJLFDOWKH GLVFRYHU\ RI 5DSLG (\H 0RYHPHQW 5(0  VOHHS has helped scientists better understand the mechanisms in the brain that may be involved in dreaming. While we are still not a hundred percent confident about the answers to our TXHVWLRQVZHDUHLQFKLQJFORVHUWRLW:HQRZ know that dreams are most prominent during REM and these are the dreams that we are able

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WRUHFDOOPRUHRIWHQDOWKRXJKWKHH[WHQWRIWKH memory of it varies among individuals. 1 Studies show characteristics of primary conVFLRXVQHVVZKHQZHGUHDPGXULQJD5(0F\FOH a state of awareness with perception and emoWLRQV 7KLV GUHDP FRQVFLRXVQHVV DOWKRXJK GLIIHUHQW IURP RXU ZDNLQJ FRQVFLRXVQHVV SDLQWV a powerful picture that makes us feel like we are awake. 2 Recent studies have associated dreams with memory consolidation. It suggests the brain uses the REM cycle to process information collected during our waking consciousness and that dreams are a conscious expresVLRQ RI WKHVH PHPRU\ IRUPLQJ QHWZRUNV Research has shown several similarities in brain activity during REM sleep and active waking. 5 We are only now beginning to understand the neurophysiology of REM sleep and this is a starting point to understanding the underlying


Why do we dream? brain activity that influences the manifestation of dreams. While REM and memory consolidation are the PRVWZLGHO\UHVHDUFKHGWKHUHKDYHEHHQVRPH other emerging theories about dreaming. This includes dreaming to practice fight or flight situations. This theory emerged from the fact that WKHPDMRULW\RIRXUGUHDPVLQYROYHDQDGUHQDline rush. It has been shown that the amygdaODDUHJLRQRIWKHEUDLQLQYROYHGLQSURFHVVLQJ HPRWLRQDOUHDFWLRQVLQFOXGLQJWKDWRIIHDUDQG DQ[LHW\VKRZPRUHILULQJLQWKH5(0VWDWHFRPpared to normal. 6 Another theory proposed by Francis Crick (of Watson and Crick model RI '1$  DQG *UDHPH 0LWFKLVRQ VXJJHVWV WKDW dreams serve as a mechanism for unlearning or reverse learning. This theory states that dreams work to remove traces of certain unwanted in-

teractions in the network of cells in the cerebral FRUWH[ ZKLFK LV LQYROYHG PDLQO\ LQ SHUFHLYLQJ HQYLURQPHQWDO FXHV VXFK DV YLVLRQ DQG WRXFK It was speculated to be doing this in order to avoid an overload of associations and it explains the consequences of these overlapping SDWWHUQVVXFKDVIDQWDVLHVREVHVVLRQVDQGKDOOXFLQDWLRQV LI QRW IRU WKH HOLPLQDWLRQ RI WKHVH connections when dreaming. 7 While there are several emerging theories on dream consciousness and the meaning behind LWLWLVVWLOODP\VWHU\DQGWKHGLVFXVVLRQLVRSHQ

Sources: 1. W. Bryant, Charles. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Why do we dream?â&#x20AC;? HowStuffWorks Science. August 12, 2010. Accessed April 27, 2017. http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/inside-the-mind/human-brain/why-do-we-dream.htm. 2. Hobson, J. Allan. â&#x20AC;&#x153;REM sleep and dreaming: towards a theory of protoconsciousness.â&#x20AC;? Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 2010. doi:10.1038/nrn2716. 3. Quora. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Why Do We Dream? Recent Developments In Neuroscience May Have The Answer.â&#x20AC;? Forbes. October 04, 2016. Accessed April 27, 2017. https://www.forbes.com/sites/quora/2016/10/04/why-do-we-dream-recent-developments-in-neuroscience-may-have-the-answer/#49925f395451. 4. Stickgold, R., J. A. Hobson, R. Fosse, and M. Fosse. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Sleep, Learning, and Dreams: Off-line Memory Reprocessing.â&#x20AC;? Science. November 02, 2001. Accessed April 27, 2017. http://science.sciencemag.org/content/294/5544/1052.full. 5. Nir, Yuval, and Giulio Tononi. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Dreaming and the brain: from phenomenology to neurophysiology.â&#x20AC;? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14, no. 2 (2010): 88-100. doi:10.1016/j.tics.2009.12.001. 6. Simons, Ilana. â&#x20AC;&#x153;What Do Dreams Do for Us?â&#x20AC;? Psychology Today. November 11, 2009. Accessed April 27, 2017. https:// www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-literary-mind/200911/what-do-dreams-do-us. 7. Crick, Francis, and Graeme Mitchison. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The function of dream sleep.â&#x20AC;? Nature 304, no. 5922 (1983): 111-14. doi:10.1038/304111a0.

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I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t feel like going to school!

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I don’t feel like going to school!

“I don’t feel like going to school!” By Sita Singh

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2017 YOUTH SECTION

Zealousnes Sixth Edition - Fall 2017  
Zealousnes Sixth Edition - Fall 2017  
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