Zealousness Fall 2018 Edition - Issue 9

Page 1









Letter from the Editor: DeAndre Nixon


Zealousness Team


Emotional Intelligence and Workplace Success


How are advancements in technology changing opportunities for employment?


Alternative Learning for Careers of the Future


America’s Five Messiest Jobs


Top Government Jobs


What are the current top careers in the US?


A Glimpse Into The Future Of Law


Social Networking Sites (SNSs) and the Workplace


Over-The-Phone Interview Tips for Candidates with Hearing Loss


Education Around the World - New Zealand


Education is the Key to Success


Advocating for Service in College - as a Deaf or Hard of Hearing Student


Videogame Careers and Education


Why do my eyes tear up when I yawn?


Top 10 highest paying Careers in the U.S.


Word Search


Sudoku puzzle





from the


DeAndre Nixon

Founder/President of iN Education, Inc. and Editor in Chief of Zealousness Magazine. Dear Readers, Coming out of high school or college, probably each of us have wondered: “What next? Have I chosen the right career path? Will it keep me going? Will I be happy? Will I be financially sound?” Looking back at our beginnings, we realize that we have come far from where we originally began. With time, the prospect of different careers has evolved as some gain more prominence and some lose their charm. So how does one decide on the right career? In this issue of Zealousness, our team shares with you a variety of articles about the current top relevant careers as well as the ones to look forward to in the future. Not only that, our writers explore some fun topics in this edition like “America’s Five Messiest Jobs” and “Videogame Careers and Education,” because even behind every ounce of playtime is a dedicated team of people with unique talents and experiences. Just how important is your career path that you will choose early on in your life is unknown. There is also no proven formula for choosing the right career path; what works for you may not be work for someone else. Statics may uncover some of the patterns across the board, but none of those numbers are set in stone. It is essentially your responsibility, as an individual, to choose the career that you’re passionate about and can see yourself growing in twenty years down the road. Part of being in the right career path is constantly learning and evolving through a versatile environment and gain valuable skills along the way. The important thing is to make it fun. Open up your mind and keep on learning every day! We hope that you enjoy this issue as much as we have enjoyed putting it together for you!

YOUR CHANCE TO BE ON THE MAGAZINE Which career will be among top 10 careers by 2020? Send us a short 3-4 line paragraph or maybe a drawing expressing your thoughts! All submitted responses will be posted on the website and the top two will be featured on our next issue! 4 | ZEALOUSNESS FALL 2018



DeAndre Nixon

Sona Nixon

EDITORS Christina Haley Jessica Y Sinha Lauren Kirk Maddalena Zarcone Priyanka Sabrina Campanella

GUEST WRITER Francine Marie Peters

WRITERS Anjali Calista Anna C. Erica Murphey Lauren Kirk Navreet Dhanju Nidhi Memon Nupur Srivastava, PhD Richard Wu Sabrina Campanella Sita Singh Royce Reeves



Ronalyn Concepcion Hai Van Van Dina Her GRAPHIC DESIGN/ VIDEO PRODUCTION Bowen Tang

Zealousness is an iN Education, Inc. e-magazine. Copyright 2014-2018, All Rights Reserved.

ADVERTISE WITH US zealousness@ineducationonline.org (330) 329-4784 FALL 2018 ZEALOUSNESS | 5




Emotional Intelligence and Workplace Success

Emotional Intelligence and Workplace Success by Lauren H. Kirk


onsider, for a brief moment, everyone in your workplace. Is there someone who stands out in your mind as a person who just seems to evoke an inherently negative response in you? A person who makes you cringe inside the second they walk through the door, or makes you want to throw your computer through the wall after you read the first few lines of an email? (Or maybe that one is just me.) Every workplace seems to have ‘one’; but that ‘one’ isn’t always the same individual for you as it is for your peer(s), your boss, or even the clientele base your organization serves. Workplaces are an assimilation of talents--both intellectual and creative--with each individual hand selected by a superior (perhaps even yourself) with the understanding and intention being their unique skill set is applicable to and will 8 | ZEALOUSNESS FALL 2018

help drive the success of the business, and thus every individual working therein. Along with what is often a wide range of specialties (think: Human Resources, Administrative, Graphic Design, IT, and so on and so forth), comes a variety of personalities, perspectives, backgrounds, and inherent ways of working, living, and being. You cannot (and should not) expect to hold a meaningful, and personable relationship that is reciprocated on an emotional level with each and every person in your office. Understand that it has been reported that an astounding 40% of employee turnover rates have been due to disagreements between employees and supervisors. When you do encounter individuals who might “rub you the wrong way”, what do you do? Moreso, how do you even begin to recognize if you are effective in

Emotional Intelligence and Workplace Success navigating the multitude of cultures and subcultures present within an office environment; both as an employee and employer? A significant amount of research has been conducted on the behaviors and underlying neural mechanisms and processes to comprise a series of models falling under a unified term, now generally recognized as Emotional Intelligence. Within these efforts, some researchers have sought to investigate the distinct relationship between emotional intelligence and success in the workplace; identifying behaviors and practices in layman terms with the intent of enabling employers and employees alike to develop the An additional notion concerning EI that resovital communicative and interactive skills neces- nates throughout most of the literature is the sary for a cohesive work environment. understanding that our EI is plastic; it can develop or deteriorate over time, at any point in our life. So, if you find that you do not see many traits on this list that align with your own way of approaching your work environment, do not fret! Take a look at some of the free resources below to figure out what your current EI level is, and what you can do to raise it, if needed.

General Emotional Intelligence Test www.globalleadershipfoundation.com/geit/eitest.html

Though the study of emotion is incredibly elusive by nature, and thus the copious amount of research models differ slightly in concluding theoretical assumptions, a majority do agree that the following behaviors are hallmark in individuals who exude higher EI traits: 1 Awareness / Perception of self and others ( Perceiving emotions accurately in one self and others) 2 Flexible 3 Empathetic 4 Self-Regulating (Managing emotions effectively so as to obtain specific goals) 5 Motivated (Curious) ( Using emotions to facilitate thinking) 6 Communicative (verbally and non-verbally)

Emotional Intelligence at Work Self-Test www.justcoachit.com/blog/2011/08/01/eq-eiself-test/ Emotional Intelligence Course (by Coursera) www.coursera.org/learn/emotional-intelligence-in-leadership

References 1

Irene Becker http://justcoachit.com


Goleman, Daniel. Emotional intelligence. Bantam, 2006.

Mayer, John D., Peter Salovey, and David R. Caruso. “Emotional intelligence: New ability or eclectic traits?.” American psychologist 63, no. 6 (2008): 503.



How are Advancements in Technology Changing ...

How are Advancements in Technology Changing the Job Market? by Erica Murphey I

t’s a thrilling time for technology. We are on the verge of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and humans are inventing more and more things every day.

Is it a threat, though? How has technology affected the job market?

Negative impacts of technology

Positive impacts of technology

Robots have replaced many jobs ever since the First Industrial Revolution in the 18th century (says chron.com). People are in big trouble if their skill sets are obsolete. One very famous example is machines replacing textile workers in the 18th century. (chron.com)

Not all machines are bad, though. Many make tasks less tedious and save time. For instance, communication is easier. Things like voice over internet protocol ensure telecommuting people don’t have to “rely on their cell phones.” (bizfluent.com)

While it is an exciting time for technology there are some disadvantages such as concerns over privacy and security. For instance, some employees disapprove of surveillance cameras or key cards.

Training can also be made easier for those who have non-traditional schedules. For instance, some Amazon Delivery People learn what to do by watching videos after getting the job. This allows them to learn at their own pace.

Furthermore, anything done on a computer is risky. Some workers might get nervous at the Jobs of the future thought of their equipment getting hacked. Projects will be lost unless files are backed up According to the Bureau of Labor and Statistics on jump sticks and databases might be corrupt- some of the fastest growing technological job ed. (chron.com) fields until the year 2026 are predicted to be: • Software Developers • Wind Turbine Service Technicians • Solar Photovoltaic Installers


How are Advancements in Technology Changing ...

Wind turbines convert kinetic energy into electric energy and the field has exploded over the years. Many people want to get into it due to the high salary.

Finally, software developers do just as their name suggests. They “are the creative minds behind computer programs.” notes the Bureau of Labor and Statistics. Some ensure that computer systems do not fail and others make apAccording to energy.gov, “A wind turbine tech- plications. One of the most famous software nician, also known as a windtech, installs, in- developers is Jack Dorsey. Although he was a spects, maintains, operates, and repairs wind college dropout he eventually founded Twitter. turbines.” Windtechs must have a 2-year education, usually from a community college, and 1 Are machines employees’ downfall? year of on the job training. In short, it seems to be one of the careers of the future. There are many advantages and disadvantages of working with machines. However, technoloAnother booming job market- solar photovolta- gy is nothing without the people behind it. Huic installation, also doesn’t demand much edu- mans need to either stay ahead of it or learn to cation and pays well. The Bureau of Labor and work with it. It is only a threat if we let it become Statistics states that the median annual wage one. for this job is forty-three thousand and ten dollars. Solar photovoltaics convert sunlight into energy, notes nrel.gov.


How are Advancements in Technology Changing ...

Sources “47-2231 Solar Photovoltaic Installers.” U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. March 30, 2018. Accessed July 12, 2018. https:// www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes472231.html. “Everything You Need to Know about Wind Turbine Technicians.” Department of Energy. Accessed July 12, 2018. https:// www.energy.gov/eere/articles/everything-you-need-knowabout-wind-turbine-technicians. Higuera, Valencia. “What Are Some Positive & Negative Technology Training Impacts on an Employee?” Small Business - Chron.com. October 26, 2016. Accessed June 11, 2018. http://smallbusiness.chron.com/positive-negative-technology-training-impacts-employee-37082.html. Mayhew, Ruth. “The Impact of Technology on Employees.” Bizfluent. June 27, 2018. Accessed June 11, 2018. https://bizfluent.com/info-12032042-impact-technology-employees.html.


“Software Developers : Occupational Outlook Handbook.” U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Accessed July 08, 2018. https://www.bls.gov/ooh/computer-and-information-technology/mobile/software-developers.htm. “Solar Photovoltaic Technology Basics.” Research Team Engineers a Better Plastic-Degrading Enzyme | News | NREL. Accessed July 12, 2018. https://www.nrel.gov/workingwithus/ re-photovoltaics.html. “Summary.” U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. April 13, 2018. Accessed July 03, 2018. https://www.bls.gov/ooh/computer-and-information-technology/software-developers.htm?view_full.


Alternative Learning for Careers of the Future

Alternative Learning for Careers of the Future Whether you are a student looking for direction or a professional looking enhance your skills, one thing is certain; technology is the future. by Sabrina Campanella


nline jobs pop up daily, but recent graduates are not equipped with the Information and Technology skills that employers are desperately seeking. Is the answer to go back to school and get another student loan to keep up with the job market? Maybe not... When we consider that many new careers today are heavily tech-related, we are inclined wonder about where to gain these new skills without major investments in time and money. Luckily, many online educational platforms are competing to provide services that help students and professionals gain expert skills that impress employers. These educational platforms provide certification to users who successfully complete the courses. They are also offered completely online and many of them are 100% free. Such courses can be completed at your own pace and often include instructional videos, activities, and mandatory assessments for certificates of completion. It is now easier than ever to develop truly marketable skills that strengthen your resume. Does this mean that you should not go back to school or reconsider going to college? Heavens no! These platforms exist as alternative ways to get recognized for skills you may already possess or for skills that you wish to learn, and they are


Alternative Learning for Careers of the Future


not recommended as substitutes for degrees and other professional certifications. Nevertheless, let’s take a look at some of these platforms and what they have to offer.

The Digital Marketing course is one of the longer courses offered by Google, and will require a few weeks to complete if the information is completely new to you. Google Analytics for beginners and for advanced users is a great complementary course to complete to round-off the knowledge gained from Google Digital Garage.

Google Analytics teaches users the fundamentals of data analysis to help gain insight on customer interactions with online markets. Learn Thinking of becoming an entrepreneur? to interpret the information gathered by Google You may want to look into taking the free, Fun- Analytics to optimize your marketing strategies damentals of Digital Marketing course offered and to strengthen online businesses. by Google Digital Garage. This course comprises of 106 short, educational videos organized The course consists of informative videos and by topic and each unit is followed by a quiz that short quizzes. The videos are accompanied by interactive lessons on the Google Analytics must be passed with 100% success. platform that allows the user to receive guided Luckily, unlimited attempts are permitted to tours of useful features and essential tools. Certificates of Completion with Google

ensure that students pass each quiz. Topics include Building an Online Presence, Intro to Content Marketing, Search Engine Optimization, International Marketing Online, and everything in between.

Upon completion of the course, a certificate that acknowledges your effort is immediately emailed to your inbox. Show off your certificate by adding it to your LinkedIn profile, or add it to your resume.

Google Digital Garage aims to teach business owners or employees of small businesses how to improve the company’s online presence by reaching customers locally, on mobile devices, and on social media. In addition, the course aims to help business owners reach more customers through paid and unpaid advertising, while improving their rankings in search engines. FALL 2018 ZEALOUSNESS | 15

Alternative Learning for Careers of the Future Certifications of Completion with Codecademy

Certificates of Completion with Udemy

Do not underestimate the value of knowing Codecademy.org is a platform that offers var- how to navigate Microsoft Excel. According to ious courses to teach skills related to coding. Monster.com, knowing your way around softTheir catalogue includes in JavaScript, Python, ware like Excel is one of the top skills employers Ruby, and HTML, to name a few. These cours- are seeking in their candidates today. es can be completed at your own pace and are completely online. In fact, “67% of all middle-skill job openings require, at a minimum, proficiency in productivity You can take courses free of charge, but you will software such as Microsoft Excel or Microsoft not be awarded any certificates of completion. Word”. Never used Excel before? Not a problem. Users have the option to join the Pro program, which includes a membership fee and allows Udemy.com offers an Excel course that teaches that learner to take more elaborate, intensive beginners all of the tips and tricks to use Excel courses that do provide certificates. Neverthe- like a professional. Simply watch the well-orgaless, Codecademy is a great place to start when nized videos at your own pace, pass the endgetting your feet wet in the world of coding. For of-topic quizzes, and earn your certificate! From beginners, a useful place to start is to take the keyboard shortcuts to creating PivotTables, you Coding for Beginners class. can be sure to gain confidence and become more efficient with Excel upon completion of In addition, you can navigate their “Find my the course. Path” platform in order to figure out a personalized curriculum that suits your needs or inter- Aside from Excel, Udemy.com offers a vast seests. This feature is especially useful for helping lection of courses in many different fields of you gain some structure and direction in your study. Not all of the courses are free, but the learning. site may be well-worth exploring regardless.

Are you still unsure about whether these courses are right for you? Consider them as opportunities to explore new interests and to gain new skills. Taking just one of these courses could spark a new curiosity and help to push you into a new direction in your career choice. Even if these certificates do not land you a completely new and exciting career, rest assured that you did yourself a great service by taking the time to learn something new. Knowledge is never wasted. Reference www.burning-glass.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/Digital_Skills_Gap.pdf p.3 16 | ZEALOUSNESS FALL 2018

Alternative Learning for Careers of the Future


America’s Five Messiest Jobs

America’s Five Mess

Most people wouldn’t touch urine even someone told you you could make alm every day. Would you change your min wallet if you decide that one of these li Slaughterhouse Cleaner Slaughterhouse cleaner duties include removing animal fat and disinfecting machinery such as grinders and hooks between killing animals. They must also be experts on which chemicals to use. For instance, many clean tools with “ammonium agents or a mix of hydrogen peroxide and acetic acid.” (chron.com) All employees, especially cleaners, are also required to practice impeccable hygiene. Otherwise the people who eat the final product will get sick. This is not limited to clean hands, hair, or clothes. It is not a career for the squeamish. All slaughterhouse workers earn an annual average salary of $28,810 as of 2012, although the pay varies by specific position. Coal Miners Underground miners are typically not required to receive any education past high school. The position is potentially lucrative. Workers make an annual mean wage of $58,910 as of May 2017. However, there are disadvantages to coal mining. The job is not only dirty, but dangerous and potentially fatal. Workers must be aware of many workplace hazards. For example, inhalation of 18 | ZEALOUSNESS FALL 2018

America’s Five Messiest Jobs Gastroenterologist

siest Jobs

by Erica Murphey

n if someone paid them. Yet imagine if most $100,000 annually for handling it nd? You could be rewarded with a fat iterally dirty jobs is right for you.

These doctors specialize in the digestive system. This includes the stomach, colon, esophagus, et cetera. They commonly treat conditions such as heartburn, colitis, and colon cancer. According to doctorly.org, “the minimum educational requirement for becoming a gastroenterologist is a doctorate degree and residency in internal medicine followed by a fellowship for training in gastroenterology.” Be prepared to work long hours and deal with potentially embarrassing body parts if you want to become one. However, the pay is rewarding. The mean annual salary for a gastroenterologist in 2018 was $211,390.

mine dust can cause black lung disease. Bituminous coal mining is statistically the riskiest, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics. Seventy-one percent of deaths occurred in bituminous types as of 2007. It is not for people unwilling to put their lives on the line.

Consider your options before choosing a messy career. Different jobs have different requirements, duties, and salaries. However, if you decide to dive into one of these fields you will not only be financially secure, but you will also be making the world a better place.

Deer Urine Farmer


These people harvest and sell their unusual product predominantly to hunters. The minimum gross yearly profit someone can make from harvesting this is just a little over $93,000. However, this is a controversial field. Many animal rights activists have protested the industry and believe it is cruel.

Cunha, Darlena. “The Job Description for a Slaughterhouse Cleaner.” Chron.com. November 09, 2016. Accessed August 2, 2018. https://work.chron.com/job-description-slaughterhouse-cleaner-6281.html.

While abuse or neglect can be found in many animal keeping positions, the majority consensus is that livestock regulations should always be followed. Gumption and a love of animals are major qualifications for this career.

Gregory, Ted. “Business Is Booming for Crime-scene Cleaners.” Chicagotribune.com. August 16, 2016. Accessed August 3, 2018. http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/ct-crimescene-cleaners-met-20160814-story.html.

Crime Scene Cleaner Crime scene cleaners sterilize places where murders and/or suicides have occurred. There is no formal education or training required, but a strong stomach and emotional support group are recommended. The average annual salary for such hazardous material removers in 2015 was $39,690.

“Fact Sheet | Coal Mining | April 2010.” U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Accessed August 3, 2018. https://www.bls.gov/iif/ oshwc/osh/os/osar0012.htm.

Spitznagel, Eric. “Odd Jobs: Deer Urine Farmer.” Bloomberg. com. August 31, 2012. Accessed August 2, 2018. https://www. bloomberg.com/news/articles/2012-08-31/odd-jobs-deerurine-farmer. Time, Forest. “Wages for Slaughterhouse Workers.” Chron. com. November 09, 2016. Accessed August 2, 2018. https:// work.chron.com/wages-slaughterhouse-workers-22597. html. “How to Become a Gastroenterologist.” Doctorly.org. Accessed August 7, 2018. http://doctorly.org/how-to-become-a-gastroenterologist-2/#te2. FALL 2018 ZEALOUSNESS | 19

Top Government Jobs



ou may have heard your mom or teacher telling you that “math is so important; do your homework!” You may be sitting at your desk thinking: “I don’t know how finding what X equals is going to help me in life, I just want to watch that next episode on Netflix and call it a day”. Don’t worry, we’ve all had that thought come across our minds at some point or another. As you get older, you’ll realize that while Math, English or even Art may not be your favourite subjects, they will all have some relevance in your daily life. It is up to you to decide which of these subjects and perhaps other subjects, you will want to become your major in in the upcoming years. Let’s look at US government jobs, for example: ASTRONAUT

tronauts apply it in space! If you’re in space and you want to calculate the distance between two If you’re into numbers and you think you’d en- stars, you can create an imaginary triangle and joy the thrill of floating in space, then maybe use trigonometry to solve for the unknown disworking as an astronaut for NASA is something tance. to consider: PRESIDENT What could help you succeed Who knows? You or one of your classmates as an Astronaut? might become the first female president or the ·Bachelor’s degree in math, engineering youngest president! Truly understanding Amer or science. ican history and world history can help you to ·At least 3 years of jet aircraft experience learn about the consequences of past decisions that previous leaders have made. You could be or professional related experience that person who prevents bad historical events ·Possessing 20/20 vision from repeating themselves. (glasses are okay) ·Doing well in the interview What could help you to succeed at becoming (“NASA Occupations”, 2018) president? NASA Astronaut, Robert L. Stewart once mentioned that “it should be evident that each step in my career has rested on a firm foundation in mathematics. For me, the study of mathematics was the key that opened the doors to the universe” (“Astronaut”, 2018). So the next time you’re sitting in class questioning the relevance of trigonometry in real-life, think about how as20 | ZEALOUSNESS FALL 2018

Lots, and lots, and lots of education (maybe Law, History, English, Politics, Business) is imperative in order to make well-informed decisions as president. Furthermore, you must be at least 35 years old and a US-born citizen who has resided in the states for at least 14 years. (“Presidential Election Process”, 2018)

Top Government Jobs

US AMBASADOR If you like to explore different countries, maybe becoming a member of the US embassy is the right fit for you. An ambassador provides support to American citizens who either reside or travel within the host country.

What could help you to succeed as a US Ambassador? Travelling the world and immersing yourself into the culture of the host country you would like to work in can help you gain better insight into the culture and the country as a whole. (“What is a US Embassy?”, 2018)

References 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

“Astronaut.” (2018, August). WeUseMath.org. Retrieved from http://weusemath.org/?career=astronaut “NASA Occupations.” (2018, August 1). NASA. Retrieved from https://nasajobs.nasa.gov/jobs/occupations.htm “Presidential Election Process”. (2018, July 30). USA.gov. Retrieved from https://www.usa.gov/election “What is a US Embassy?” (2018, August 4). Discover Diplomacy. Retrieved from https://www.state.gov/discoverdiplomacy/diplomacy101/places/170537.htm


What are the current top careers in the US?

What are the current top careers in the US? by Anjali Calista


eal drivers of change influencing worldwide ventures are relied upon jobs, going from noteworthy occupation creation to work displacement, and from uplifted work profitability to augmenting skill gaps. Given the fast pace of progress in many industries, the most sought-after occupations and their corresponding skills did not exist ten or even five years back, and the pace of progress is set to quicken. That brings about a new range of abilities, requiring an earnest and deliberate intention for job seekers to modify their skills.

In the current employment climate, two occupations have emerged because of the recurrence and consistency across most industries and geographies. The first occupation is data analytics, which companies expect will enable them to bode well with the derived insights from the torrent of data generated by the technological disruptions. The second occupation is specialized sales, as the main intent of all industries is


to commercialize and explain their offerings to businesses, government clients, and consumers by their representatives.. Because of the blend of high salaries and low unemployment rates, the healthcare occupations continue to dominate the overall 2018 rankings. Here is a list of Highest paying occupations:

What are the current top careers in the US? 20 occupations with the highest median annual pay. Occupation

2017 Median Pay







Oral & maxillofacial surgeons




Physicians & surgeons, all other


Obstetricians and gynaecologists


Family and general practitioners


Internists, general


Dentists, all other specialists




Chief executives


Pediatricians, general


Nurse anesthetists


Dentists, general


Computer & information system managers


Architectural and engineering managers


Airline pilots, copilots and flight engineers


Judges, magistrate judges and magistrates


Petroleum engineers


Source : Bureau of Labor Statistics

Fastest growing occupations:Â 20 occupations with the highest percent change of employment in the next 10 years Occupation

Growth Rate (2016-26)

Median Salary (2017)

Solar photovoltaic installers


$39,490 per year

Wind turbine service technicians


$53,880 per year

Home health aides


$23,210 per year

Personal care aides


$23,100 per year

Physician assistants


$104,860 per year

Nurse practitioners


$103,880 per year



$84,060 per year

Physical therapist assistants


$57,430 per year

Software developers, applications


$101,790 per year



$103,010 per year

Physical therapist aides


$25,730 per year

Bicycle repairers


$28,390 per year

Medical assistants


$32,480 per year

Genetic counselors


$77,480 per year


What are the current top careers in the US?

Occupational therapy assistants


$59,310 per year

Information security analysts


$95,510 per year

Physical therapists


$86,850 per year

Operations research analysts


$81,390 per year

Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists


$37,380 per year

Massage therapists


$39,990 per year

Source : Bureau of Labor Statistics

With such a quickly evolving employment outlook, it is imperative for those on the job market to foresee and get ready for future necessary skills , work content, and the total impact on work is increasingly critical for people to fully seize the opportunities introduced by these patterns—and to mitigate unwanted outcomes

A Bullhorn survey reports that 39 percent of recruiters believe that the single biggest obstacle for an unemployed candidate in regaining employment is having a history of job hopping... thebalancecareers.com


A glimpse into the future of law

A glimpse into the future of law by Royce Reeves


re you thinking about becoming a lawyer? Well, the good news is that opportunities in the law industry are continuously expanding. Based on the Bureau Of Labor Statistics, there will be an 8 percent increase in the job outlook for lawyers. An estimated 65,000 jobs will open up for lawyers between the years 2016 and 2026. What Does A Lawyer Do? Before we look at the future of law, let’s look at what a lawyer does. A lawyer, in the most basic terms, advises and represents clients in criminal matters like theft or civil legal matters such as divorce. What Does It Take To Be A Law School Graduate? An aspiring lawyer will need to study at the undergraduate level for 4 years, take the Law School Admission Test (LSAT), and then apply to a Juris Doctorate program which usually lasts 3 years. While this may seem like a long and arduous process, it ultimately results in a rewarding median income of $115,820 (Excite Education). How Technology Affects The Law Industry? An important aspect of the law industry is the advancement of technology. Today’s technology allows clients to easily complete tasks that previously had to be done by lawyers. Two sites

that make this possible are Rocket Lawyer and Legal Zoom. These sites are non-lawyer legal service providers that let users create their own legal documents and forms. Access to this kind of technology will eliminate certain tasks done by lawyers while benefiting smaller firms by giving them more access to resources than before. It is believed that “other technology trends will allow solo and small firm attorneys to access more information less expensively, to create and join communities of attorneys, and to collaborate within these communities in a way that is similar to having the networking and support that attorneys enjoy in large firms (Janis).” Where The Law Industry Going? The number of firms will continue to increase as more lawyers opt to establish themselves independently, as stated by Willy Ogorzaly. The smaller firms will compete and even have the potential to be able to build bigger brands than the larger firms (Hastreiter). FALL 2018 ZEALOUSNESS | 25

A glimpse into the future of law

References Council, Forbes Legal. “The Future Of The Legal Industry.” Forbes, Forbes Magazine, 14 Nov. 2016, www.forbes.com/sites/ forbeslegalcouncil/2016/11/10/the-future-of-the-legal-industry/. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Lawyers, on the Internet at https:// www.bls.gov/ooh/legal/lawyers.htm (visited July 22, 2018). Hastreiter, Nick. “What’s The Future Of The Legal Industry? |.” Future of Everything, 17 Apr. 2018, www.futureofeverything. io/future-legal-industry/. Janis, Blair. “Advertisement.” An Overview of the Elements of a Copyright Infringement Cause of Action - Part I: Introduction and Copying, www.americanbar.org/publications/gp_solo/2014/may_june/how_technology_changing_practice_law.html. Education, Excite. “How to Become A Lawyer | Becoming A Lawyer.” Excite Education, www.excite.com/education/legal/ paralegal/law-legal/careers/how-to-become-a-lawyer.


Social Networking Sites (SNSs) and the ....

Social Networking Sites (SNSs) and the Workplace by Acsah Zachariah


ocial networking sites have rapidly gained momentum in the last decade. It has deeply penetrated the workplace, and has affected multiple aspects of employees’ lives. To a large extent, the initiation of social media in organizations was meant to strengthen communication among colleagues and to maintain external professional networks.

In addition, SNSs were also to act as a medium to share knowledge and resource location. However, research1 suggests that using social media has become an integral part of life for many people. Hence, employees have a tendency to use these technologies at any time, including during their work. This could be a reason why SNSs are increasingly used in organizations today. Social networking2 became popular with the launch of ‘Friendster’ in 2002. It allowed users to make connections through their peers. Later, in 2003, MySpace was established which authorized users to customize their profiles. The introduction of Facebook in 2004 challenged the growing popularity of MySpace until it eventually dominated the social media as we know it.

Facebook gained its momentum rapidly among youth as it allowed users to build more personal relationships. After few years, Google+ was released in which people could easily communicate with their email contacts and hold discussions and video conferences. On the other hand, LinkedIn was established as a website for professional networking, with around 20 million users. Today, LinkedIn is most commonly used for generating sales leads, finding potential hires, and leveraging the contact lists of fellow colleagues. Here, the users focus mainly on providing and gathering informations rather than socializing.It is evident from the research3 conducted by Sleeks and Grudin that social medias were heavily used in Microsoft. For example, 33% of Microsoft employees are on LinkedIn and 37% are on Facebook. In this survey, most respondents stated that the use of SNSs were for fun, personal socializing/networking, networking within the company, and for external professional networking. However, the study has also raised some tensions about mixing personal and professional connections, FALL 2018 ZEALOUSNESS | 27

Social Networking Sites (SNSs) and the .... spanning organizational levels, disclosing confidential information, and procrastination.As the number of people using traditional social media increases, the use of enterprise social media (ESM) is also growing among organizations. Enterprise social networks are technology platforms launched within an organization to allow employees to work together and take advantage of features similar to traditional social media.

sage applications, SNSs, etc where employees’ knowledge of experts and their suggestions on the organization’s perceived objectives and directions were acknowledged without losing company’s reputation and credibility among public.

For example, in 2002, Microsoft4 used an internal blogging community on the company’s intranet. IBM also used a blogging community called BlogCentral where employees can exToday, organizations tend to either build their press their ideas and share their knowledge to own internal networking services such as IBM other company employees. Connections or implement few softwares on their intranet such as internal wikis, blogs, mes- Such knowledge base helps to improve in-


Social Networking Sites (SNSs) and the .... house problem solving and decision making. company’s assertions to its investors thereby ESM can also connect employees within a large causing them to lose a lot of money. multinational organizations without geographical boundaries. In order to limit the these risks, it is essential for organizations to set rules and regulations to For example, if an organization has sales teams comply with the safety principles. As the popuin India, USA and Australia, employees in these larity of social media is soaring, more compacountries can communicate and share informa- nies tend to implement SNSs on their intranet. tion related to their work using internal social In fact, making social networks a part of everymedias. In this way, the prior mentioned bene- day collaboration seems to be a critical point in fits may be enhanced in global level. building engagement and utility. In addition to internal communication, ESM tend to emphasize communication with external partners such as customers and public as well.

Regardless of all the risks mentioned, it is recommended to use either enterprise or traditional social media in organizations to ensure communication among employees inside and outside of the company. The effective commu5 As an example, IBM has developed a feature nication among employees within an organizathat allows sales representatives to use instant tion can sometimes help to generate new ideas messaging with internal connections and to and thus create innovation. receive instant message queries from external customers via a webpage interface. Hence, there is a better understanding about the needs of customers. Thus, the use of enterprise social networks has a positive influence on the productivity of employees and make the work and References processes more efficient in the company. Along with these benefits, there are several risk factors associated with the use of enterprise or traditional social media. The overuse of social media accounts during working hours can adversely affect the performance of employees. Some companies tend to block the traditional social media websites on their network to reduce the usage during office hours. However, this policy seems to be not effective nowadays as they can log on to these websites using their smartphones or other gadgets. Data security6 and its protection is another challenge with the global enterprise solution. As the laws on data security and protection are different for each country, companies should consider the legislation of other countries prior to the implementation of such software in an organization.

1 “Disaffection or expected outcomes - Wiley Online Library.” Accessed August 9, 2018. https://onlinelibrary.wiley. com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2008.00425.x. 2 “Social media.” accessed August 9, 2018. Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia (2017): 1p. 1. Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia, EBSCOhost . 3 “When Social Networks Cross Boundaries - Microsoft.” Accessed August 9, 2018. https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/ research/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/When-Social-Networks-Cross-Boundaries.pdf. 4 Paul M. Leonardi, Marleen Huysman, Charles Steinfield; Enterprise Social Media: Definition, History, and Prospects for the Study of Social Technologies in Organizations, Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, Volume 19, Issue 1, 1 October 2013, Pages 1–19, https://doi.org/10.1111/ jcc4.12029 5 "Enterprise Social Media - Wiley Online Library." Accessed August 11, 2018. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/ pdf/10.1002/9781118955567.wbieoc072.

Moreover, the freedom to express ideas or sug- 6 Drahošová, Martina & Balco, Peter. (2016). "The Benefits gestions about a company’s predefined objec- and Risks of Enterprise Social Networks - ResearchGate." 15tives on social media has the power to affect a 19. 10.1109/INCoS.2016.76. Accessed September 20, 2018. FALL 2018 ZEALOUSNESS | 29

Over-The-Phone Interview Tips for...

Over-The-Phone Interview Tips for Candidates with Hearing Loss by Anna C.


here are an estimated 48 million Americans who report having some degree of hearing loss. Of that 48 million, 60 percent are either employed or in an educational system. That means on any given day at work, individuals have to navigate how they are going to handle communication issues that may come up with their superiors, colleagues, employees, or customers. Leading up to getting a job, the interview process can be equally frustrating, especially if it involves talking with someone over the phone. Here are some tips candidates may find helpful when doing an over-the-phone interview: 1. If you are fluent in American Sign Language and prefer to have an interpreter interpret for you, you may use Videophone services as a relay call - when having an interview over the phone with an interviewer, you will be able to see what the interpreter is signing in the interviewer’s words and respond accordingly - so that the interpreter can then speak for you to the interviewer. Sorenson VRS and Purple Communications are a couple examples of interpreting services that offer this to deaf and hard of hearing individuals, and is a free service. www.sorensonvrs.com www.purplevrs.com

2. If you are hard of hearing and rely on lip reading, a phone that provides captions may be a good option, as it will allow you to read captions of what the other person is saying on 30 | ZEALOUSNESS FALL 2018

Over-The-Phone Interview Tips for... the phone, in real time. Captel and CaptionCall are a couple phone companies that provide this service for deaf and hard of hearing individuals, at a low cost or free if the person meets their requirements. https://captioncall.com www.captel.com

he does not want to be discriminated against for something that has nothing to do with the skills he can bring to the table. Adam wants to throw the phone against the wall as he knows talking with someone who has a high tone has always been incredibly difficult for him to understand, and this was someone on the phone where he could not read her lips.

“Oh, no problem. What made you decide to ap3. If you wear hearing aids and have a Bluetooth ply to our company for the Customer Service or hearing aid level programmed for your hear- Representative role?” she asks again. ing loss, that allows you to connect to the phone more clearly, use that to your advantage to be “I decided to apply to the Customer Service role able to hear better. because I have extensive experience in that field - having worked in retail and sporting goods As an individual who has a severe to profound stores where I was the face of the company,” hearing loss, I can’t recall the number of times I Adam replied, not realizing that she had asked have felt a extra dose of nervousness when pre- what made him apply to Helena’s company speparing for an over-the-phone interview, where cifically. there is no gamut of what kinds of questions may be thrown at you in a call. “Okay, thank you,” Helena said curtly, wondering why Adam had not specified what it was that Before I had accessibility to the technology of- made him interested in her company. She menfered today to help make communication much tally calculated that this call was going to have more efficient today, I relied on the use of my to wrap up quick. If he’s not going to answer that cell phone volume to try to understand what part of the question, then he may not have done the person on the other line was saying. Even his research and not worth the time for this call, when sitting in a perfectly quiet place with no she thought. distractions, not being able to read lips was going to be a challenge. Without knowing it, Adam had just sabotaged his chances of getting the job, all because of a All I had was someone’s voice to hopefully dis- mis-communication error. cern what the words would be, and for a hard of hearing person, that is a tough pill to swallow. IN-PERSON INTERVIEW TIPS FOR Here’s an example of a scenario that can hap- CANDIDATES WITH HEARING LOSS pen: If a person with hearing loss gets the opportu“Hello, thank you for taking the time to speak nity for an in-person interview, these are a few with me today. What compelled you to apply to tips to prepare. our company for the Customer Service Representative role?,” interviewer Helena* says in a high 1) If you would like an American Sign Language pitched voice. interpreter present at the interview, request one from the employer. It is their responsibility “Hello, Helena. I’m sorry, the connection is not to provide you an interpreter under the Amerithat great here. Can you tell me again the ques- cans with Disabilities Act. As the ADA states, “[t] tion you said?” Adam replies, hoping to sound herefore, any place of public accommodation is truthful and confident in his response. He does required to provide sign language interpreters not want to give away that he has hearing loss - or other effective means of communication for FALL 2018 ZEALOUSNESS | 31

Over-The-Phone Interview Tips for... hard of hearing individuals.”

are hired. It’s cliche but it’s true - you are your own best advocate. As a person with hearing 2) If you read lips, find a place in the room that loss, it may be an additional challenge in comwill allow you to have the best chance of facing municating with others but it does not define the person directly so you can read their lips you when it comes to being qualified for a job. clearly. If you are in an interview that is a panel interview, position yourself in a place where you can see everyone’s faces. This is a way to efficiently screen through large candidate pools, as the average job has 3) If you are in a noisy setting at the interview, over 250 applicants. you can request a quieter location, so that you will be able to understand better what the inter- What is the interviewer looking for? viewer is saying. 1. Confirm level of interest Choosing to disclose or not disclose your hear- 2. Match core skills ing loss is completely up to you. You can choose 3. Assess culture fit to before you get a potential offer, or after you glassdoor.com







Education Around the World: New Zealand

New Zealand by Shweta Roy


ew Zealand ranks as the 15th most literate country in the world; ahead of countries such as Australia (16th) and the United Kingdom (17th). The United Nations ranks New Zealand as the 7th best school educated country in the world, directly after Germany and ahead of Canada. New Zealand is known for its prestigious educational system, providing some of the highest and most challenging levels of mathematics and sciences. The education system of New Zealand is not much different from other countries. New Zealand has three levels of Education. 1. Early Childhood Education (which is from birth to school entry) is not a compulsory education, yet 96% of Children attend Early Childhood Education. Early Childhood Education makes children The country has three types of schools- State confident to do better when they attend schools, State integrated schools, and Private schools. Education at State Schools is free only school or kura. if students are New Zealand citizens, or have 2. Primary and secondary Education is the a permanent residence. Education in State Insecond level of education, which is com- tegrated Schools are also free of charge; Howpletely free between the ages 5-19. Pri- ever, attendance dues (NZ$1500)are charged mary Education lasts from 1-8 years and each year. Financial assistance is also available secondary education lasts from 9-13 for families, if required. years.

Private Schools are not Government funded. 3. Further education involves various tech- They charge an average of $20,000 a year. nical and vocational educations.1 Interestingly, the country is it has only 8 uni- Apart from these schools, there are also Vote versities and 23 polytechnics expanding Education Schools and Charter Schools. These additional schools educate only 0.1% of the in both the islands. population. 36 | ZEALOUSNESS FALL 2018

Education Around the World: New Zealand

Homeschooling in New Zealand

Bullying in New Zealand schools

Homeschooling is legal in New Zealand, and there are a variety of reasons for choosing homeschooling options, to include special needs, (developmental or otherwise), religious justifications, or a customized academic schedule tailored to the family’s needs.Under New Zealand law, every child of age six or over must be enrolled in a registered school.2 Parents who choose to homeschool their children may choose to receive a ‘Home education supervision allowance’ from the Ministry of Education (MoE). According to the Homeschooling database of July 2015, 5558 students were homeschooled, which represented 0.7% of total homeschooled enrollments.3

Bullying in New Zealand schools is comparatively higher than other countries; it has been observed in a variety of platforms from in person, to online and text messaging. According to UNICEF reports, 35% of New Zealand children (aged 13-15) have experienced bullying every month. As a result, New Zealand’s rate of child suicides (age 15-19 years) was the highest among the 41 OCED and EU countries included.4 Bullying Prevention: Various preventive measures have been adapt FALL 2018 ZEALOUSNESS | 37

Education Around the World: New Zealand ed to prevent bullying in schools on New Zealand. So far, 17 agencies are committed together to reduce bullying in New Zealand. Also, 10 workshops have been designed to support schools to review their policies on bullying behavior, more information on those workshops can be found online at: www.bullyingfree.nz. International Studies As New Zealand works diligently to provide a safer environment for its students in primary school, the country does have a reputation of providing one of the safest learning environments, with excellent study opportunities, for higher Education. All New Zealand Universities rank among the top 500 universities in the entire world. In 2016, about 28,000 international students chose New New Zealand universities.5 Like other developed countries, New Zealand has both State and Private universities. State Universities include Auckland University of Technology, University of Auckland, Massey University, University of Otago or Victoria University of Wellington. Each of the State Universities has around 17,000 to 33,000 students. Private Universities include Lincoln University and University of Waikato, which have around 3000 - 12,000 students. Studying abroad in New Zealand is a great option as it has quite lot of pros. With a population of just 4.5 million, an exceptionally diverse society, and picturesque landscape, the country can feel like quite an intimate place. It is also one of the least corrupted places on Earth. Tuition costs can be a little downside of studying in New Zealand. Medicine and dentistry is the most expensive degrees ranging around NZ$75,000/ year. Costs of sciences and engineering can range from NZ $25,000/ year. 38 | ZEALOUSNESS FALL 2018

References 1 “Education in New Zealand.” Education.govt.nz. https:// www.education.govt.nz/ministry-of-education/our-role-andour-people/education-in-nz/ 2 “Homeschooling in New Zealand.” Wikipedia.Org. https:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homeschooling_in_New_Zealand 3 “Homeschooling in New Zealand.” Wikipedia.Org. https:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homeschooling_in_New_Zealand 4 “One in Three Kiwi Children Suffer Bullying at School.”Stuff. co.nz.www.stuff.co.nz/national/education/98391033/one-inthree-kiwi-children-suffer-bullying-at-school 5 “Ten Facts About New Zealand Universities.” Universities. ac.nz.https://www.universitiesnz.ac.nz/latest-news-andpublications/10-facts-about-new-zealand-universities By Zscout370, Hugh Jass and many others - http://www.mch. govt.nz/files/NZ%20Flag%20-%20proportions.JPG,Public Domain,https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=343685

Education Around the World: New Zealand

“With a population of just 4.5 million, an exceptionally diverse society, and picturesque landscape, the country can feel like quite an intimate place.”






Education is the Key to Success

Education is the Key to Success by Ms. Peters


am Francine Marie Peters, RN-BSN, mother of the 2018 Battle of the Teal 4EDU 1st place winner, Terrence Rayshod Davis. As a single mother to three beautiful children, I put myself through nursing school three times while working full time. My journey began as a Licensed Practical Nurse, to becoming a Registered Nurse with an associate’s degree, and now being a Registered Nurse with a bachelor’s degree. Education is so important to me. I graduated from The Cleveland School of the Arts in 2003 as a vocal music major with an honors diploma. I was a member of the National Honors Society and ranked 6th in my graduating class.

away. My mother, who was a mother of five had already taken in my aunt’s three children and I decided to stay home and work to assist her with paying bills and providing food. My mother then died three years after her sister and by then I was 20 years old with 10-month old twin boys of my own. I helped to look after my 14 and 15-year-old brother and sister, along with my developmentally delayed 18-year-old cousin and her teenage sister. These kids were left in the care of my father, who at the time had a life of his own and provided for the kids from afar. They lived in a home that he owned but did not reside in himself.

Today I am proud to say that all of us are grown Upon graduation, I attended the University of adults with children of our own. We all live in Cincinnati as a biology major. My college expe- close proximity to each other and we continue rience fell short when I came home on winter to look after one another. My father is now break and received word that my aunt passed very involved in all of our lives. My family has 42 | ZEALOUSNESS FALL 2018

Education is the Key to Success

been long time members of St. Teresa Holiness Science Church in Cleveland, Ohio. We had a lot of people praying for us. We are a family of singers and we love to sing and give praise to God who performs all things for us.

plays and district-wide talent shows and dance competitions. The kids also enjoy gathering and donating their personal belongings that can be given away during our clothes drives at church.

My sons Terrence and Terrell are 12 years old. Terrence plays the piano, mellophone, and saxophone. Terrell plays the drums. My daughter Mackenzie is 5 years old and she loves to sing and dance.

My son Terrence had just competed and won 1st place in the Warrensville’s Got Talent competition, when we were told about the Battle of the Teal 4EDU event. Terrence was so excited to perform. He could not decide if he was going to sing or play his keyboard or do both. Ultimately, Terrence decided to sing. Before this competition, I had no knowledge of the iN Education program and what it meant to For my kids and myself, education is our choice so many kids. From career technical training to of weapon. Education holds so much power scholarships to fitness education, this program it can change the world. It opens the mind to offers a great deal. unlimited possibilities. I keep my kids active with community activities such as soccer, football, I am happy that my son’s participation in the and softball and band camp. They have lived Battle of the Teal 4EDU helped to draw donors in Warrensville Heights, Ohio all of their lives in that not only supported the program but also and they know just about everyone in their supported him as he continues his journey of school district. My kids participated in school lifelong learning. FALL 2018 ZEALOUSNESS | 43

Advocating for Service in College as a Deaf ...

Advocating for Service in College as a Deaf or Hard of Hearing Student by Anna C.


isabilities are a stigma in society as a whole, but are far more common than the general population may realize. According to the U.S. Census, one in five Americans have a disability. This is defined as “a person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, a person who has a history or record of such an impairment, or a person who is perceived by others as having such an impairment.�

swept under the rug. Another barrier is the lack of advocacy by college students, as many are afraid to address their needs for fear of stigmatization or anger at a staff member’s ignorance or dismissiveness.

The decision to advocate for themselves can be a relentless task where they may feel judged, misunderstood, or unimportant as a college student striving to get their education with fair and equal access. On average, 11 percent of In fact, hearing loss is the most prevalent dis- college students report having a disability, but ability, affecting nearly 30 million people na- many more go unreported due to their fear of tionally and is the primary disability worldwide. being stigmatized. Hearing loss also affects every 15 in 1000 children and teens under 18. Having been diagnosed with severe to profound hearing loss since I was 6 months old, I In 1990, the Americans with Disabilities Act know firsthand the challenge of advocating for came into effect, protecting the rights of indi- oneself from a young age, and of educating my viduals with disabilities. But the law only goes peers, teachers, and friends who did not unso far as discrepancies often happen and are derstand how to communicate with someone 44 | ZEALOUSNESS FALL 2018

Advocating for Service in College as a Deaf ... with hearing loss. I have learned along the way that there will always be people who will remain ignorant, but also that there are many others who will work with you if you explain how and why specific services are needed. Having the opportunity to attend the Rochester Institute of Technology in Rochester, NY, I was able to use a variety of services to help with my education. It was one of the most rewarding experiences of my life and was much more helpful than what I had experienced in a mainstream classroom in elementary, middle, and high school. Although I had the assistance of the teacher’s amplified microphone in class that connected to an FM system that allowed me to hear their voice clearer, I was unable to get additional services. your rights as a deaf and hard of hearing student can be found at: www.affordablecollegesonline. org/college-resource-center/deaf-student-colAs a college student with hearing loss there are lege-career-advice. four main services to advocate for: What works for one individual with hearing loss Sign Language Interpreters: whether you are may not work for another, so finding the right fluent in American Sign Language or signed Ex- method that works best for you is important to act English, you can request an interpreter for your success. Everyone deserves equal access, your classes to help you. and that includes college students with disabilities. After all, as a deaf and hard of hearing sociNotetakers : a student notetaker will take notes ety, “we can do anything except hear.” for the class so you don’t miss out on pertinent information while the teacher is lecturing. You will be provided a hand copy or will be able access notes online after the class. C-Print: a captionist will type out a teacher’s lecture and student comments in real time while you are in class. You will be given a laptop to use to read the transcribed notes as they are taken You will also be able to access the notes online after class.

References https://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/miscellaneous/cb12-134.html - US Census https://www.ada.gov/cguide.htm - Disability definition https://www.universitybusiness.com/article/ada-compliance-across-campus

Closed captioning: the requirement that videos, TV, and movies, be captioned online. Rehttps://www.timeshighereducation.com/features/disabiliquest this so you do not miss out on what is ty-campus-challenges-faced-and-change-needed being said within online educational material. A great resource to see a more in depth look at

https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2014/04/02/students-disabilities-frustrated-ignorance-and-lack-services FALL 2018 ZEALOUSNESS | 45

Videogame Careers and Education


Videogame Careers and Education

Videogame Careers and Education by Richard Wu


o most people, education does not include video games. Play and study are polar opposites, but they do have more in common than one thinks. Behind every ounce of playtime is a dedicated team of people with unique talents and experiences. A programmer or designer may have years of training in computer science; an artist countless hours of practice. However, as diverse as each field may be, each person’s skill boils down to education and hard work.

solid understanding of building highly scalable web services back-end technology”, “practical hands-on knowledge of WSGI servers (gunicorn, uwsgi, CherryPy) and Python HTTP microframeworks (Bottle, Flask, or similar), in terms of their usage and performance characteristics.”

This role serves the purpose of developing and improving the game’s interface and infrastructure, expediting launch and release times, and strengthening reliability. These skills require a high level of computer science understanding, Across all industries, mobile, console, and PC, and are crucial to the backbone of the game. that holds true for each concerned hand in the development process. Starting with one of the According to CakeReaper from the Super Evil smallest screens but certainly not the smallest team, the role is not an entry level position. If fields, mobile gaming encompasses a huge va- one would follow that career path, they would riety of games. start with a degree in software engineering. One of the largest development companies, Glu, has an employee count of 546 people. However, a smaller team has already made it onto the big esports scene. Super Evil Megacorp, or SEMC for short, consists of 71 people strong. Their only game is Vainglory, a worldwide MOBA (multiplayer online battle arena).

The more esoteric terms in the requirements pertain to Python, a programming language, and most likely come from hands-on experience. In short, the requirements request an engineer well versed in server efficiency. Most of the skills come from not only a degree but also from prior interaction. Education can come from other sources, not only in a lecture or class Prestigious teams from other games compete room. Many people are trained on the job, and in Vainglory’s competitive league. Last year’s those additive skills really show mastery in that world championship prize pool was $140,000 respect. according to the Vainglory esports wiki. Their career page shows that they look for extreme- Consoles are specialized computers designed ly talented programmers, engineers, and de- for gaming. They do not come with a keyboard signers. To a high school student like me, the and they do not come with the latest copy of requirements may sound very daunting as the Microsoft Word. Consoles do have an interface Platform Engineer role requires “an extremely used for selecting games to play, and rely on a FALL 2018 ZEALOUSNESS | 47

Videogame Careers and Education controller for human interaction. The controller should be highly recognizable—A boomerang shape with a joystick or two and some buttons on it. All jokes aside, the three biggest companies on the playing field are Microsoft (Xbox), Sony (PlayStation), and Nintendo. According to Learn.org, Game Systems Design is very similar to the engineering process, if not totally similar to computer engineering. Designers need to choose parts that have synergies with each other and provide seamless power, speed, and stability.

The programming job market is very competitive, and it is no surprise that the minimum requirement is a bachelor’s degree in computer science. However, to gain an edge in the market, a student should develop an early proficiency in high-level math skills. Programming is heavily logic based, and programmers will deal complex physics simulations and logic paths in their work. A high school student can take steps to prepare for this, such as taking supplementary courses in Algebra and higher level math and taking courses like Trigonometry, Calculus, and Formal Logic. The AP Computer Science curriculum is a very good course for developing a problem-solving mindset and learning the ropes of programming.

They also need to extrapolate the power requirements for future games of the generation, and consider constraints such as time, budget, and demand. A degree in technology or engineering would be best for the job, as well as a mindset directed towards solutions with multi- In college, one could elect to take more computer science courses and familiarize themselves ple variables. with other programming languages such as Computer games are last on the list. A team of C++, C, Python, Perl, and more. After that, many game developers usually consists of program- programmers opt to take a bachelor’s course in computer science, which may offer experience mers, game designers, and artists.


Videogame Careers and Education in C++, calculus, object-oriented design, game algorithms, computer graphics, and network fundamentals. However, a bachelor’s degree is the bare minimum, and companies generally favor candidates with more experience. Therefore, most programmers create a portfolio of short games of their own invention to demonstrate their skills to recruiters. The portfolio should include all the necessary links to make the game work, credit to collaborators, the source code of each game, and in case of failure to run crucial screenshots that demonstrate the game’s features. As with any job, newbies should first seek entry level positions to build up experience so that when applying for higher positions large companies like EA or Activision can have more confidence in them. A strong way to obtain an entry level job is to apply for an internship at one of the bigger companies, and then use that experience for a resume. Another crucial member in the game development process is the designer. The designer is responsible for thinking up the game itself, planning its story and its rules. Minimum education required for the job is a bachelor’s degree. Few schools offer degrees in game design; however a computer science or related degree is sufficient for the job. Coursework should include 2D or 3D modeling and animation, level and interface design, storyboard rendering, drawing, and scripting. However radical it may sound, if students want to enter this field, they should play more videogames.

While playing students should critically think about why the designer chose to write the story this way or built the level a certain way to appeal to the gamer. After this preparation, the student should think about what field of design appeals most to them. In addition to lead designer, roles within the workspace may include level designer, content designer, system designer, technical designer, and more. Getting a job is a different story. Many companies that are seeking designers seek candidates with experience. However, many companies offer internships and smaller studios may seek less experienced candidates. Internships are a great way to build confidence and add experience to a resume. Just with a programmer, designing games to add to a portfolio is another way to show companies that you have the experience they are looking for. Students may collaborate with friends to create games in school or in summer camps. Artists are crucial for turning the designer’s vision into a product. An aspiring artist must FALL 2018 ZEALOUSNESS | 49

Videogame Careers and Education develop a passion for drawing and must in- References vest time into practice. Art is a skill, and large 1 amounts of time should be dedicated to honing macroaxis.com/invest/ratio/GLUU--Number_of_Employees this skill. Students may want to devote their free 2 CakeReaper, e-mail message to author, June 22nd, 2018. time to practicing, as video game artists usually draw for hours on end per day. There are 2D 3 “What Is Game Systems Design,” Learn.org, accessed July artists and 3D artists in a team. 17,2018,learn.org/articles/What_is_Game_Systems_Design. Students who like to draw should familiarize themselves with digital techniques and platforms such as Adobe Illustrator or similar programs, and include storyboard artists, concept artists, animators, and more. 3D artists must learn the ropes of Autodesk Maya, Blender, or other modeling programs to develop experience that recruiters seek, and include modelers and animators.


“Become a Gaming Programmer:Step-by-StepCareer Guide,” Study.com, accessed July 24, 2018, study.com/articles/Become_a_Gaming_Programmer_Step-by-Step_Career_Guide. html. 4

“Types of Game Designers,” Applied Game Design, November 23, 2007, accessed July 24, 2018, bbrathwaite.wordpress. com/2007/11/20/types-of-game-designers/. 5

“How to Become a Video Game Designer,” Study.com, accessed July 24, 2018, study.com/articles/How_to_Become_a_ Video_Game_Designer_Education_and_Career_Roadmap. html.


“5 Steps to Become a Video Game Artist | The Guide,” The Ultimate Resource for Video Game Design, May 12, 2018, accessed July 24, 2018, gamedesigning.org/career/game-artist/. 7

Degrees in art are generally not required, however universities offer courses in drawing and animation. All in all, it seems that the requirements boil down to hard work and talent. Video games appeal to many people across all ages. There must be someone behind those products. Every game is built by teams of diligent and passionate people filling niches that, once put all together, produce games that are not only fun and thought-provoking, but also captivating and beautiful. However, every designer, artist, or programmer was once a student who started from zero. With the right education, love, and experience, anyone with the right mindset can achieve their dreams. 50 | ZEALOUSNESS FALL 2018

Videogame Careers and Education

However radical it may sound, if students want to enter this field, they should play more videogames.“





Why do my eyes tear up when I yawn?

Why Do My Eyes Tear Up When I Yawn? by Sita Singh


ave you noticed that when we yawn our eyes tear up? Have you ever wondered why this happens? We have always read or heard that yawning is contagious. When you see someone yawn, you might also end up yawning. You may notice that yawning can cause you to shed a tear or two.

the day in order to coat the surface of our eyes not just when we cry, but at all times. Think about it- that is why our eyes always look so glossy! When the facial muscles tighten during a yawn, the lacrimal glands may get “squeezed”, thereby causing them to release a small amount of tears. These are the tears that have been stored away and that have been waiting to be released When we yawn, the facial muscles surrounding when needed. our eyes pull tight. This action puts pressure on our lacrimal glands, which are neatly tucked Hopefully, reading this article has not induced away deep beneath our upper eyelids just be- any yawning; but the next time you do yawn, low our eyebrow bones. Lacrimal glands are pay attention to the tightening of the muscles responsible for producing the natural, watery around your eyes. Feel the sensation, and then substance that make up our tears. They work take note of whether or not you get a little tearyto produce and release tears slowly throughout eyed. It’s not sad, it’s just science.

References Cheryl G. Murphy. “Why Do My Eyes Tear Up When I Yawn?” Quora.com “https://www.huffingtonpost.com/cheryl-g-murphy/why-do-my-eyes-tear-up-wh_b_8073912.html” 54 | ZEALOUSNESS FALL 2018






Top 10 highest paying careers in the U.S.

Top 10 highest paying careers in the U.S. Anesthesiologists $208,000

Oral & Maxillofacial surgeons $208,000 58 | ZEALOUSNESS FALL 2018

Surgeons $208,000

Orthodontists $208,000

Psychiatrists $208,000

Top 10 highest paying careers in the U.S.

Physicians & surgeons, all others $208,000

Internists, general $192,930

Obstetricians & gynaecologists $208,000

Family and general practitioners $198,740

Dentists, all other specialists $190,840

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics FALL 2018 ZEALOUSNESS | 59

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Based on the sections and articles, find these words: ADVOCATE CAREERS COLLEGE EDUCATION FUTURE 60 | ZEALOUSNESS FALL 2018











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