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NUMERO 10

Columbus Day by Courtney Kamm

Columbus Day is a U.S. holiday that commemorates the landing of Christopher Columbus in the Americas in 1492. The holiday is the second Monday in October and this year takes place on October 11. For many, the holiday is a way of both honoring Columbus’ achievements and celebrating Italian-American heritage. But throughout its history, Columbus Day and Christopher Columbus himself have generated controversy, and many alternatives to the holiday have been proposed since the 1970s including Indigenous Peoples’ Day, says History.com. In some parts of the United States, Columbus Day has evolved into a celebration of Italian-American heritage including parades and street fairs featuring colorful costumes, music and Italian food. Saint Louis typically celebrates with the Italian Heritage Parade and Festa on The Hill (see page 2 for details).

Italian Heritage Month by Courtney Kamm

October is Italian Heritage Month, to coincide with Columbus Day, and is marked by recognizing and celebrating the contributions and achievements of ItalianAmericans. Here are five ways Italians changed American history: 1. America’s name is inspired by Italian

explorer, Amerigo Vespucci. 2. An Italian explorer, Christopher Columbus, discovered the “New World.” 3. An Italian first mapped the East Coast. 4. The Declaration of Independence has Italian inspiration. 5. The pope helped Italian immigrants. What is your favorite way to celebrate Italian Heritage Month? Maybe enjoying an Italian potluck with friends or enjoying your favorite Italian dessert with relatives. Whatever it may be, make sure to share the experience with us! Email photos from your celebrations to courtney@ilpensiero.com.

Padre Pio by Courtney Kamm

Legendary filmmaker Abel Ferrara, known for taking big risks on the big screen, announced back in August that Shia LaBeouf will star in his upcoming film about the Italian saint, Padre Pio. In an interview with Variety, Ferrara announced Shia LaBeouf would play the lead and gave some insight into the storyline, “...He’s [Padre Pio] a monk from Puglia. It’s set in Italy right after World War I.” Although LaBeouf has had a successful career as an actor, it comes as shocking news to most that he will star in the film as he stepped out of the public eye recently after his former partner, FKA Twigs, filed a lawsuit claiming their relationship was “rife with abuse.” It is currently unclear whether or not the film will come to fruition given the

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scandals surrounding its lead actor.

Halloween by Courtney Kamm

Halloween’s origins date back over 2,500 years ago to the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain. The Celts celebrated their new year on November 1 and believed that on the night before the new year, October 31, the boundary between the worlds of the living and the dead became blurred. It was on this night that the festival of Samhain would take place and people would light bonfires and wear costumes to ward off the ghosts they believed returned to earth. In the eighth century, Pope Gregory III designated November 1 as All Saints Day, incorporating some of the traditions of Samhain, and the evening before as Hallows Eve. This would eventually become Halloween. Halloween, October 31, has since evolved into a day of activities like trickor-treating, carving faces into pumpkins, dressing up in costumes, and more! What are you going to be for Halloween? Send your best costume and trick-or-treating photos to courtney@ilpensiero.net to be featured in the next issue. Happy Halloween!

“The Italian Language is part of the Equity Project” to expand access to foreign

Continued on page 5


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CALENDAR OF EVENTS

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Oct. 2

Big Band

Feat. Caduceus The Doctor’s Band; Piazza Imo on The Hill; gates open at 5:30 p.m., concerts begin at 6 p.m.; tickets at hillstl.org

Oct. 3

Sicilian Cultural Association Winery Trip Wild Sun Winery and Brewery, noon-5 p.m.

Italian Mass

St. Ambrose on The Hill, 11 a.m.

Oct. 6

Wine Down Wednesdays Oliva on The Hill; 5-10 p.m.

Oct. 10

Italian Heritage Festa & Parade

St. Ambrose parking lot; 12:30 p.m.- 5 p.m.

Oct. 11

Columbus Day Indigenous Peoples’ Day

Oct. 13

Wine Down Wednesdays Oliva on The Hill; 5-10 p.m.

Oct. 20

Wine Down Wednesdays Oliva on The Hill; 5-10 p.m.

Dine with Donors

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Collaborators/Collaboratori

Italian Club of St. Louis Meeting

Favazza’s, 6:30 p.m., make a reservation at ciao@italianclubstl.org

Oct. 31

Halloween Trunk or Treat

Michel Funeral Home; 6 p.m.

Nov. 3

Wine Down Wednesdays Oliva on The Hill; 5-10 p.m.

Nov. 4

Cav. Valerio Bianco Mauro Salamone Cav. Michael Lombardo Oreste Magni Comm. Domenico Mancini Cav. Eugene Mariani, Ph.D. Prof. A. Perrone

Diwali

Nov. 7

Daylight Saving Time End

Nov. 10

Wine Down Wednesdays Oliva on The Hill; 5-10 p.m.

Nov. 17

Wine Down Wednesdays Oliva on The Hill; 5-10 p.m.

Dott. Nicolo’ Sangiorgio Dr. Orazio Tanelli Antonino Tito Gus Torregrossa Cristina Giancola Youngberg

Dine with Donors

Pietro’s (mention Sacred Heart Villa)

Italian Club of St. Louis Meeting

Favazza’s, 6:30 p.m., make a reservation at ciao@italianclubstl.org

Nov. 24

To subscribe Il Pensiero, advertise or request a photographer at your event, email info@ilpensiero.net.

Wine Down Wednesdays Oliva on The Hill; 5-10 p.m.

Nov. 25

Thanksgiving

Nov. 27

Christmas at The Piazza

Piazza Imo on The Hill; feat. Gina Galati; Santa Meet N’ Greet from 2-5 p.m.; Christmas Lighting Ceremony & Concert after 5 p.m. Mass

Nov. 30

Giving Tuesday

I Give Catholic (Sacred Heart Villa), visit igivecatholic.org to donate

Dec. 1

Wine Down Wednesdays Oliva on The Hill; 5-10 p.m.

Dec. 8

Wine Down Wednesdays Oliva on The Hill; 5-10 p.m.

Dec. 15

Dine with Donors

Lorenzo’s (mention Sacred Heart Villa)

Italian Club of St. Louis Meeting

Favazza’s, 6:30 p.m., make a reservation at ciao@italianclubstl.org

Jan. 13

Virtual Wine Tasting

Grapevine Wines, visit sacredheartvilla.org for more information

Jan. 19

Dine with Donors

Panera on Chippewa (mention Sacred Heart Villa)

March 12

Heart of Hearts Live Auction

By Sacred Heart Villa; Rose of the Hill; visit sacredheartvilla.org for more information Please check events as they may have been canceled or postponed after publication

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DiGregorio’s Italian Market Celebrates 50 Years 1971-2021 June 12, 2021

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languages in ​​ the Dallas Independent School District

Courses in Italian will be available to many Dallas ISD students starting this fall, says Foreign Languages ​​Department Director Amy Anderton, who describes the language as a logical addition to the district’s curriculum. “The Italian language is wonderful for so many of our Spanishspeaking students,” said Anderton. “Many have already taken a step forward in the language, due to the similarities between the two languages.” Since last school year, the only school in the district that offers Italian is the Skyline High School, where teacher Alessio Giudice teaches the only double credit course in the North Texas area, giving students the opportunity to accumulate college credit while still attending high school. But a recent meeting between Giudice, Anderton and the representative of the General Council of Italians Abroad, Vincenzo Arcobelli, triggered a partnership to support the development and growth of Italian language courses in selected secondary schools in the district. The expansion of Italian and other foreign languages ​​ is part of the “Equity Project” of the Dallas ISD, which aims to increase the supply of foreign languages ​​in schools located in the south of the district. Language education will be offered to some of the city’s most marginalized populations served by schools where Spanish is currently taught. The project may also benefit students who will continue their studies at the undergraduate level, as Italian language programs are regularly offered at various colleges and universities in the area, including Dallas College, the University of Dallas, Southern Methodist University and the University of North Texas at Denton. The opportunity to continue studying Italian in multiple higher education settings means that Dallas ISD graduates can easily achieve high levels of proficiency in the language, which Arcobelli says deserves support. “My intent is to directly involve the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Embassy and the Italian Consulate in Texas to strengthen this initiative,” he said, adding that support could take various forms, including assistance in identifying qualified Italian language teachers or the provision of teaching materials, for example, to strengthen the district’s Italian study program. Virtual lessons in Italian and German will be available in 10 campuses in the next school year (Skyline, Pinkston, Molina, South Oak Cliff, Roosevelt, Carter, Adamson, Kimball, Frederick Haynes Global to Paul Quinn and Sunset). Anderton expects 150 to nearly 400 students to enroll in Italian courses, with a number that will almost double in 2022. Students interested in enrolling in the new language courses should contact their campus counselors. Welcoming the partnership, Anderton envisions strong future ties between the Dallas School District and Arcobelli, for the great benefit that future Dallas ISD students will enjoy. We will have many opportunities to collaborate on multiple projects to promote the Italian language

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and culture in the “Dallas Independent School District,” he said. “We look forward to building a solid working relationship with him as a representative of the Italian American community”.

Christopher Columbus submitted by Silvio Laccetti

With monuments honoring Christopher Columbus regularly being defaced and destroyed, it’s clear this year’s Columbus Day celebrations will elicit strong debate over the explorer’s legacy. But by looking at Columbus in the greater context of the history of civilizations, one can see that much of today’s anti-Columbian fury is either misguided or part of a blind political agenda seeking to demonize early European activity in the New World. First off, let’s consider the matter of European disease transmission, principally smallpox, which is estimated by some to have killed 70 percent to 80 percent of the population native to the Americas. While those numbers are staggering, the deaths happened over many decades, and holding Columbus personally responsible is beyond preposterous. Further, calculating an actual number of deaths is impossible because estimates of pre-Columbus populations vary enormously. In the case of Hispaniola, for example, the range runs from 250,000 to 3 million. It’s also worth remembering all the other epidemics in our history books. The Black Death, originating in Central Asia, killed 40 percent or more of the European people — some 50 million souls — in the brief period of 1346-1353. Such ravage of life is just one of the negative consequences that comes with the advancement and interactivity of civilizations worldwide. The pale horse and its rider pass through all societies. And in the case of Columbus and the later Spanish settlement in the Americas, let’s remember, the exchange of disease worked both ways. Most historians believe that the Great Pox epidemic in Renaissance Europe was brought over from the New World. The pox, aka syphilis, initially killed some 5 million Europeans and continued taking a toll into the modern era. Next, consider the civilizations and urban societies of the New World. They cannot be romanticized simply because they have left behind great monuments. The earliest ones, at Teotihuacan (outside Mexico City) and the Mayan, were as brutal in their exploitation and treatment of subject peoples as any of the civilizations of the Ancient Near East. Tourists love to visit the magnificent pyramids of Teotihuacan and the Mayan sites close to resorts. So beautiful! So inspiring! So conveniently located! Not so beautiful if you consider the human sacrifice that regularly occurred there. Woe betided the captives and slaves from conquered territories. The later Aztec and Incan civilizations, encountered by the Conquistadores, were no more humane. War, captivity, slavery and human sacrifice was endemic — and pre-dated 1492. How could Francisco Pizarro conquer the great Inca Empire with fewer than 200 men? How did Hernando Cortes

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overwhelm the powerful Aztecs? Answer: They found willing allies in subjugated, enslaved or rebellious native populations. Make no mistake about it. Civilization itself can be brutal. European civilization has evolved past its early stages, but 20th century Continued on page 6


un annuncio

Pagina 6 by Carina Marino

BIRTHDAYS

Sept. 25 Paul Scozzari Oct. 19 Michael Scozzari Oct. 28 Tony Gandolfo

ANNIVERSARIES

Oct. 27 Giovanni and Francesca Ferrara

Submit anniversaries, birthdays, businesses, pets, weddings, showers, etc. to info@ilpensiero.net or via our website before Friday, Oct. 22, 2021 to be featured in the November issue of Il Pensiero “The Thought.” We look forward to receiving your announcements! Thank you

DECESSI Submit an obituary to info@ilpensiero.net by Oct. 22, 2021 for the Nov. issue.

A Special Note: Let’s Celebrate Italian Heritage Month!

Carina Marino

and the Il Pensiero staff

Continued from page 5 wars, atrocities, genocide and terrorism show humanity is still prone to the same savage impulses as Assyrians and Aztecs. Truthfully, warfare is one of the key institutions of civilization, as evidenced by today’s local wars and rumors of nuclear strikes. Despite our druthers, we are products of our time. We fit into a greater context. So did Columbus, hence the negative in his legacy. But he also rose out of and above his time. He was a great explorer, an intrepid adventurer, a man of fervent faith and a defiant leader who blazed a path to the modern world. His admirable traits allowed him to rise above his human imperfections. He holds a special place in the consciousness of Italian-Americans and Hispanic-Americans, who strongly identify

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with his accomplishments. These groups celebrate Columbus Day with parades and have commemorated him with statues in North and South America. The world’s largest Columbus monument is in Puerto Rico. Christopher Columbus also enjoys iconic status in the wider American mind. Columbia, a female figure, is the personification of America (like Uncle Sam). Columbus was much admired by our founders. The District of Columbia carries his name. The Christopher Columbus Transcontinental Highway (Interstate 10) symbolically links the U.S. from sea to sea — and to the Admiral of the Ocean Seas. Parks, playgrounds, streets, squares, schools and sites of many other kinds pay homage to him. No question, we must examine the accomplishments of Columbus. Doing so in the proper context shows there’s no justification in destroying, defacing or removing his monuments — or in minimizing his legacy.

Columbus submitted by Silvio Laccetti

It’s time for the annual Columbus controversy rituals. Last year the furor blew way off course with monument desecrations and calls for removal of Columbus statues. Let’s correct that course by providing context, navigation markers and a new destination. Our journey of examination begins with protests of the 1960s, which included a very militant American Indian Movement (AIM). By 1977, enough worldwide concern for all indigenous peoples resulted in a Geneva meeting of international NGOs (non-governmental institutions, e.g. nonprofits). This gathering decided that, in the Americas, Columbus Day would be marked as a day of international solidarity with indigenous peoples. It was not to be replaced. Still, Columbus unjustly became the symbol for all indigenous protest, and was blamed for almost everything that followed in the European colonization of the Americas. Additionally, conference resolutions condemned continued settlement of immigrants on lands of indigenous peoples in the Americas — a unique immigration problem. Another resolution called for cessation of efforts to integrate indigenous peoples into cultural mainstreams. Also adopted was an agenda for protest and publicity of their causes. Such ideas can resonate with youth, and others, in the U.S. today. Barring a cataclysm, they have no chance of widespread rejuvenation. These principles hearken back to lifestyles of the timeless agricultural village society which has endured from Neolithic times even to our own age. The village ideal is contrary to progressive modern civilization. The next major step was the radical Quito, Ecuador, conference of 1990 that filled the sails of the anti-Columbian movement. The conclave was sponsored by South American native groups to counter the planned 1992 celebration of the 500th anniversary of the explorer’s landing in the New World. Delegates called for cultural and political revolution with demands for self-determination, concluding

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that existing nation-states in the Americas negated their rights. Governments had to be replaced with new nations and a new social order. The conference denounced current U.S., European, Japanese and Israeli imperialism. And, it declared an end to Columbus Day. In the face of such strong headwinds, the Bush administration (Bush I) meekly canceled plans for celebrating a glorious 500th. Meanwhile, prompted by agitators, in 1992 Berkeley, California, introduced Indigenous People’s Day as a substitute for Columbus Day. Then came the deluge. AntiColumbian sentiments attracted funding and participation from agitator-activists of all sorts, including globalists. Ironically, since modern technology is the lifeblood and oxygen of globalism, it would appear that the indigenous would become totally irrelevant in the new global order. Self-promotion also became more problematic among activists. Some “leaders” like Ward Churchill claimed to be part-Indian, but their claims have been vigorously disputed by various tribal groups. Jimmy Durham, godfather of the 1977 Geneva NGO meeting, has been described in Cherokee publications as a phony, a poser who fraudulently sells his art as a native American. Elizabeth Warren may have conveniently jumped into a common current. But the most significant figure in the anti-Columbian tempest was the leftist historian Howard Zinn, whose chapter on Columbus is quoted verbatim by all dissidents. His quotes have appeared ad infinitum in revised public school curricula that depict Columbus as a major villain. Though often praised for its novel approach to history, his work has also drawn serious criticism. For example, critics like Michael Kazan, an editor of the leftist publication Dissent, describe Zinn’s work as bad history, good intentions. Zinn’s work is carried on by disciples who have definitely made an impact. Zinn and others use Bartolome de Las Casas as a main source This 16thcentury author has a complicated style, with lengthy sentences. Zinn often quotes what he wants, using ellipses to convey his desired meaning without any context. For example, on slavery, Columbus is supposed to have said of the Indians, ”... They would make good servants ...,” implying Columbus’ intention to make them slaves. But a proper translation is ”... They must be good servants ...,” implying they had possibly been servants (captured slaves?) before Columbus met them. Context referring to natives’ scars and wounds supports this meaning. Further studies in translation of de Las Casas may produce similar re-evaluations. But the main point of helping Indigenous people with real and endemic problems gets lost in all the furor about the man and his holiday. It’s time to alter course. In 1994, the United Nations first declared Aug. 9 as Indigenous People’s Day. Let’s set sail for that harbor, with a view to addressing the needs of indigenous peoples, using that day as a compass point.


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“Sogni D’Oro Da Venezia submitted by Lorena Cheri

Halfway between dream and reality, the Dolce and Gabbana Alta Moda Venezia 2021 show in Piazzetta San Marco (Couture Fall/Winter 2021-2022) offered the unique duality of Venetian emotions, silks painted with classic Venetian scenes, brocades, velvets, glass and crystal embellishments, embroideries and precious fabrics in honor of the 1,600th anniversary of the iconic Italian city. Sogni d’oro da Venezia!”

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Roana Exhibit Opens in Collinsville

As Collinsville prepares for its Italian Fest celebration, a unique, new exhibit opens in the West Wing of Collinsville Library, 408 Main Street. Collinsville.. It’s called “EXPLORING ROANA: Up Close & Personal,” a special addition to the current display on Italy’s Grand Italian Trail. Annette Graebe and Sharon Mc Aley of the Metro East pull together this special show about a family’s Roana “connection” for well over 100 years. “EXPLORING ROANA” is the story of family and immigration,” says Annette Graebe. “It’s about leaving, loving, giving back, and celebrating.” And the thread that blends it all together is a little mountain village the Magnabosco family left long ago, with a baby in their arms, for a new life in America. The exhibit goes behind the scenes in Roana, Italy, a part of the Sette Comuni in the Altopiano. Pieces and photos combine to explain the village’s Cimbric beginnings,

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war memorials, and numerous places to explore -- including curious cave drawings found in the Val d’Assa. The Roana and Grand Italian Trail exhibits continue through October 15, in honor of Italian Heritage Month. Library hours are Monday-Thursday 8:30 a.m.-8 p.m., Friday and Saturday 9 a.m.-6 p.m. Closed on Sundays. For more information, contact the Collinsville Library at 618-344-1112.


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