Congressional Reconstruction Study Guide
Fact: President Johnson had to deal with a divided Congress. 1) What Party had control of Congress during Reconstruction? 2) The controlling Party was divided into two groups. What were these two groups? 3) What did each of these two groups believe was the goal of Reconstruction? 4) Who was the leader of the Radical Republicans? 5) What was the “radical” plan that would help insure that the goals of the Radical Republicans would be met? How was this plan to be carried out? Who were the two men advocating this plan? What were the two very specific goals this plan would achieve if carried out? 6) Why did this plan fail to achieve popular support from other Republicans? 7) What was the proposed alternative approach advocated by other Republicans?
8) What is a “carpet bagger?” 9) What is a “scalawag?” 10) What is a “freedman?” 11) What ultimately unites the Moderate and Radical Republicans? 12) Describe the purpose of the Freedman’s Bureau. What political fate befell this government agency? What was the result of this political action? 13) What was the Civil Rights Act of 1866? What were its specific political goals? Who did it protect? 14) What role did the Civil Rights Act of 1866 play in the struggle between President Johnson and Congress?
15) What are the provisions of the 14th Amendment? 16) Why did the Radical Republicans come to power in Congress? 17) What were the provisions of the Reconstruction Acts of 1867? 18) Describe, using chronological order, the events that led to President Johnson’s impeachment and the actual results of the impeachment proceedings. 19) Who were the key figures of the impeachment proceedings? 20) Describe the impact of the African‐American vote in the Presidential Election of 1868.
21) What are the provisions of the 15th Amendment? 22) What was the political reason that motivated the Republican Party to pass this Amendment to the Constitution?