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Chapter 8: The Civil War Generation and Beyond

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his chapter contains information on the RICHARD descendants who fought in the Civil War as well as information on any particularly colorful or interesting descendants who came along after the war. Information on the descendants of Francis II are included in Chapter 6.

With the exception of one biracial descendant of Francis II, all the RICHARD men all fought, naturally, on the side of the Confederacy.

The RICHARD Family Code As mentioned previously, for centuries the FRANÇOIS family had been known and rewarded for their fierce loyalty to their sovereigns, the dukes of Lorraine. This loyalty “gene” seems to have mutated a bit during the first few generations of the RICHARD family in the United States. Sparsely populated Florida in the 19th century was not a very hospitable environment for its inhabitants. Creating and maintaining strong family bonds was one way to promote survival. Among members of the evergrowing RICHARD clan, there developed a “RICHARD Family Code” that served to bond and protect its members, while at the same time intimidating and striking fear into anyone who might go against a RICHARD. Stephen RiCharde, a descendant of Joseph Robert RICHARD, shared the following perspective on the RICHARD family reputation and its code: There is also a set of family myths, and, like most myths, there is a strong streak of reality therein about the reputation of the family as a rather harsh, even mean, group who stuck together in clan-like fashion in order to survive the harshness of the environment. My grandmother told me that even in her day, turn-of-the-century Florida, the RICHARDs were called "old settlers," which carried with it the connotation of "clan-like" and "not to be bothered." I have read accounts of a "RICHARD family code" which said that if anyone hurt or killed a RICHARD another member of the family would avenge the deed within a year and face-to-face. Much of the RICHARD reputation comes from some specific altercations and actions on the part of the family to uphold the family code. We also know individual pre-Civil-War stories like the one about the RICHARD who refused to be buried in the RICHARD cemetery and has a small gravesite across the dirt road from the cemetery. He said he refused to be buried with all those other RICHARDs because on judgment day "hell's gonna be a-poppin' in that cemetery," and he didn't wish to be dragged into hell accidentally.1 Many events from the lives of many RICHARD men described in this chapter attest to the fact, rather than myth, of the Code. The most specific reference to this RICHARD family reputation comes


Chapter 8: The Civil War Generation and Beyond from the section on Lewis Telfair RICHARD. In courtroom testimony, a woman states that the man who murdered Lewis “seemed only afraid of violence from RICHARD’s relatives.”2 Another trait shared by some of the RICHARD men over several generations is an appreciation for women, particularly unavailable women. Many of the fights and deaths that are described below stem from RICHARD men, usually married, being accused of inappropriate behavior with another man’s girlfriend, wife, or daughter.

Grandchildren of Clementine [daughter of Francis I] and Mr. GAUTIER In 1817 “Honoré GAUTIER,” daughter of Clementine RICHARD, signed her oath of allegiance to the United States. In it, she renounced allegiance “to any foreign power, potentate, province or sovereignty and particularly to the King of France whose subject I formerly was…”3 She married William B. ROSS in 1834.4. He served as a volunteer officer in the Second Seminole War and was a Whig party leader. In 1845, ROSS and two other men served as the first state representatives from Columbia County.5 By 1850 he was one of Columbia County’s leading planters. In 1860, they owned 46 slaves.6 “He represented the county in the Florida House of Representatives in 1845 and represented both Columbia and Suwannee Counties in 1862-1864. He sat in the Florida Senate in 1865-1866.”7 Three of their sons fought in the Civil War: Francis W. ROSS and William H. ROSS enlisted in Florida Company I, 3rd Regiment, and Adolphus ROSS in Company B, 5th Regiment.8 The grandson of Adolphus ROSS, E. H. EVANS, also served as state representative from Columbia County, circa 1925.9

Grandchildren of John B. (William) [son of Francis I] and Rebecca HART Their daughter Elizabeth (Betsy) Ann married Robert BIGELOW in 1832 after her first husband died. Two sons of Betsy Ann RICHARD and Robert BIGELOW fought in the Civil War. Robert John BIGELOW enlisted in Company D, 4th Florida Regiment; Eugene BIGELOW in Company A, 10th Florida Infantry.10 The captain of Eugene’s company was his great uncle, John Charles RICHARD Jr. Elizabeth Ann’s brother, John W. RICHARD, did not fight in the Civil War because he had died in 1851. He married Mary ROSS, and his cousin Honorine GAUTIER married William B. ROSS. In his relatively short life, John W. was a successful businessman. He owned a general store in Jacksonville in the 1830s. John William was also a founding member of the Southern Life Insurance and Trust Company, incorporated in 1835. It was the only bank in St. Augustine at the time. Among the 28 founding members were many familiar names: John W. RICHARD, I.D. HART, James DELL, John H. McINTOSH, and Richard Keith CALL, governor of Florida.11

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Figure 30. Election Notice. Jacksonville Courier. September 17, 183513 Figure 29. Advertisement for John W. RICHARD’s General Store. Jacksonville Courier. September 17, 183512

John W. RICHARD was listed as a polling place inspector along with his uncle William B. ROSS. The announcement was posted by another uncle, Isaiah HART.

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Chapter 8: The Civil War Generation and Beyond Children of John Charles Sr. [son of Francis I] and Melinda TISON Since John Charles Sr. was about 20 years younger than his siblings, this section contains information on his children rather than on his grandchildren. As previously mentioned, John Charles Sr. and Melinda had 15 children. Five of their sons fought in the Civil War. They were Capt. (Joseph) Robert, Capt. John Charles, Jr., 2nd Lieutenant Harney Napoleon, Sgt. Job Tison, and Osceola Watoga. Technically, Osceola did not fight in the war, though he is credited with service as he hired a substitute (see his section below). Three sons fought in the Battle of Olustee, Florida’s major battle of the war. Harney, Job, and Osceola (via his “substitute”) all served under their brother, Captain John Charles Jr, in Company A, 10th Regiment Florida Infantry. Two of the sons married MORGAN sisters. Job married Helena, and John Charles Jr. married Mary Anne. The ladies’ parents were Solomon and Belinda (Buddington) MORGAN. The family trace their ancestry back to James MORGAN, who came from Bristol, England, in 1607, and settled in Boston, Mass. His descendants scattered all over the US and became prominent in many places.14 Another three RICHARD siblings all married into the MITCHELL family. The MITCHELL family traces its lineage to the 1600s in Virginia. The MITCHELL family was already linked to their family. Melinda’s brother, John Mason B. TISON had married Ann Green Lee MITCHELL. (1) Ann’s brother, George Warren MITCHELL, married Jane Ann RICHARD, and (2) George Warren’s cousin, Sophronia MITCHELL, married Joseph Robert RICHARD. Ann Mitchell’s sister, Elizabeth, married Robert HARDAWAY. Their daughter, (3) Mamfredonia, married Osceola Watoga RICHARD.

Job Tison [-John Charles Sr, -Francis I] In 1861, Job enlisted at Newnansville for 12 months as a private in Company G, First Florida Cavalry. In 1863, he enlisted at Lake City as a private in Company A, 10th Regiment of Florida Infantry. His brother, John Charles, Jr. was captain.15

Job’s son, Henry [-Job, -John Charles Sr, -Francis I] Henry Osceola was the only son of Job Tison RICHARD and Helen MORGAN. He was a deputy sheriff of Bradford County in 1903. Like his cousin, Randolph “Dolph” Roanoke, mentioned below, Henry Osceola was also described as one of “the most fearless men in the state.” When he was 33, he was shot and killed as a result of a feud with three BENNETT brothers.

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Richarde Dies As Result of Feud Henry O. RICHARDE (pronounced Ri-SHARD), a Bradford deputy sheriff, died Nov. 19, 1903. He was shot and killed during the final stages of a feud with three brothers. RICHARDE and Attorney A.V. LONG returned to Lawtey from Starke in a horsedrawn buggy. Around 4 pm they stopped at the home of the BENNETT brothers so that Long could discuss an upcoming court case with a potential client, John BENNETT of Lawtey. Newspaper accounts at the time say there was "bad blood" between BENNETT and RICHARDE...Long was the state's chief witness. He testified that he and RICHARDE ended their conversation with BENNETT, got back in the buggy and prepared to leave. As they drove away, LONG said he saw RICHARDE suddenly raise his shotgun to his shoulder and shout something, although LONG could not understand what he said. Long looked back at the house and saw John and Henry BENNETT moving toward the buggy. RICHARDE fired his shotgun at the house at almost the same instant a shot was fired from someone in the house, LONG said. RICHARDE told LONG to drive and he said he drove away as rapidly a possible. LONG said they were under rapid fire from a fusillade of bullets from the house as they drove away. LONG jumped from the buggy and said he heard several more shots fired at the buggy after he jumped...Sheriff Everett JOHNS testified that John BENNETT asked the sheriff to remove Deputy RICHARDE from Lawtey since "the town was too small for both of them and that he (BENNETT) had too much there to leave."...Continuances had the trial postponed until Oct 26-28, 1905. Henry and John BENNETT were found not guilty by a jury. No charges had been filed against Richard BENNETT. Not a lot is known about Deputy Henry Osceola RICHARDE, other than he was 33 years old when he died and had been a faithful deputy for Sheriff JOHNS for several years. He was described as one of the most "fearless men in the state." His wife, Annie Matthews RICHARDE, was born in Providence to William and Ella Liddon MATTHEWS 16

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Chapter 8: The Civil War Generation and Beyond It is not clear what was meant by “bad blood” between the Henry Osceola and the BENNETT brothers. Two of Henry’s uncles, John Charles Jr. and Harney Napoleon (more below), in addition to several of his cousins seemed to have inherited some of the family’s philandering gene. It’s very possible that the BENNETTs’ feud with Henry was also over a lady.

Figure 31. Bradford County Deputy Sheriff Henry O. Richarde (left) with his friend Orville Husband

.

Harney Napoleon [-John Charles Sr, -Francis I] Harney Napoleon also served in his brother’s Company A, 10th Florida Infantry. He was inducted as a sergeant, and rose to the rank of second lieutenant by the end of the war.17 Harney also had an apparent weakness for the ladies. He married Flora CHASE in 1865 in Virginia. At Appomattox, he received his discharge papers to return to Florida. Not knowing that Flora was pregnant, he gave her his Florida Star and promised to return for her. He never returned. After two years with no word from Harney, Flora considered herself a widow.18 Unbeknownst to Flora, while she was waiting for Harney to return to her in Virginia, he had married another woman. Harney and Virginia SASSER were married in Florida in 1866. They had three daughters.

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Photo Courtesy of Donna Jean Bonner

Chapter 8: The Civil War Generation and Beyond

Figure 32. Marion Genevieve RICHARD On her collar is the Florida star pin given to her mother by her father, Harney Napoleon RICHARD whom she never knew.

(Joseph) Robert, “The Judge” [-John Charles Sr, -Francis I] At some point, this branch of the family changed the spelling of Richard to RiCharde. Their aim was to facilitate people’s pronunciation of their name. Captain (Joseph) Robert RICHARD, “The Judge,” served in the Florida’s Home Guard. After the war, he served as probate judge in Bradford County, and served in the state legislature (See his obituary on next page). He was also a planter who

Photo Courtesy of Lillian Cobb

owned 26 slaves in 1860.19

Figure 33. The Judge and Sophronia outside their home. Lake Butler, Florida

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Photo Courtesy of Stephen RiCharde

Photo Courtesy of Lillian Cobb

Chapter 8: The Civil War Generation and Beyond

Figure 35. The Judge at 77 years old

Figure 34. Sophronia Antoinette (Mitchell) RICHARD

“The Judge’s” obituary News was received here early Tuesday morning of the sudden death of Judge J. R. RICHARD, Monday night, at his home near Lake Butler. It is learned that he was sitting on the piazza after supper with his son, O. G. RICHARD. He was seen to throw his hand to his heart and gasp for breath. His son sprang to his side and called for assistance from other members of the family, but before others arrived he was dead. Judge RICHARD had been in declining health for several months, but had shown no signs of unusual weakness just prior to his death. It seems, however, he had realized for some time past that the end was near, for he had given full directions as to arrangements for his funeral. No man in Bradford County was more widely known or more generally beloved by his neighbors and fellow citizens. He was born in Glynn County, Georgia, in 1825, and came to Florida with his parents when only about two years of age. The family settled in Alachua County, eight miles north of Newnansville. After his marriage, some years previous to the Civil War, he became a citizen of Bradford County, then New River County, settling near Providence. Later he moved to Lake Butler and continued his residence there until his death. From the first Judge RICHARD took a prominent part in the affairs of the county. His intelligence, his strict integrity and the noble, generous impulses of his heart made him loved and respected of all who came in contact with him, and few indeed there were of the settlers of those early days who did not take counsel of Robert 102


Chapter 8: The Civil War Generation and Beyond RICHARD when matters of public import were under consideration, or appeal to his never-failing generosity when misfortune befell them. Judge RICHARD served in some of the Florida Indian wars, and in the latter part of the Civil War was captain in a company under General J. J. DICKINSON. Returning home after the close of the war he was one of the most active and influential workers in this section in the task of reclaiming the state from the control of the carpetbaggers. He was the first Democrat after the war to represent the county in the state legislature, and was later appointed probate judge, a position he was later several times elected to. The excellent qualities of his head and heart gave him a far reaching influence, which was always exercised for good. His death has caused universal sorrow, and many persons who have felt the warmth of his heart when adversity pressed hard upon them mourn his death as a personal bereavement. Judge RICHARD was a Royal Arch Mason and was buried with Masonic rites. Lake Butler Chapter having the funeral service in charge. The funeral was conducted from the residence Tuesday morning and was largely attended by citizens of Lake Butler and other parts of the county. The internment was in the family graveyard at the old homestead in Alachua County. By all accounts, The Judge was a highly respected and productive member of his community. The same thing apparently could not have been said in regard to some of his children. At least three of The Judge’s eleven children were murdered: Osceola Gordon, Joseph Robert Jr., and Lewis Telfair. Osceola Gordon was shot in the back while sitting at his dining room table. Joseph Robert Jr. was shot by a man whose wife or girlfriend Joe Jr. was sleeping with, and Lewis Telfair was murdered by a man who had hired Lewis to kill “some negroes” for him. When it came to pay Lewis for his “work,” the man decided it easier to kill Lewis rather than to pay him.

The Judge’s son, Joseph Robert Jr [-The Judge, -John Charles, -Francis I] While the following newspaper article is interesting, it is unrelated to Joe Jr’s death. It does, however, paint a rather negative picture of Joe Jr.’s character. In 1881 Joe Jr. was arrested for suspicion of stealing gold coins. The newspaper article implies that he might have also been involved in the nonlethal poisoning of three prominent ranchers and the lethal poisoning of another, the owner of the gold coins that Joe Jr. was accused of stealing. He escaped custody before they were able to bring him to court. In June 1881 several prominent cattlemen were the targets of poisoning. Jacob SUMMERLIN, F. A. HENDRY and John W. WHIDDEN were poisoned by corrosive sublimate which had been placed in their coffee. This occurred at SUMMERLIN 's house at Punta Rassa. The men did not die but threw up and were ill for several days. 103


Chapter 8: The Civil War Generation and Beyond The Bartow Informant reported in its edition of October 6, 1881 that "Messrs. SUMMERLIN and ZIPPRER on their return from a cattle expedition last week, were poisoned by eating food cooked in a copper kettle." There were no serious after-effects. The Bartow Informant of October 27, 1881 told of the opening of the camp meeting near Bartow. John PARKER having been to Punta Rassa and selling cattle, came to the meeting. The following incident occurred, according to the Informant of Nov. 5, 1881. "Captain John PARKER, of Manatee County, had eleven gold doubloons stolen from him at the camp-ground last Monday. (Oct. 31, 1881) Joe RICHARD of Bradford County was arrested on suspicion and is under guard here until the meeting of the court next week, as we have no jail. We learn that RICHARD bought a horse from a Negro, and that some of the gold pieces he paid the Negro were identified by Capt. PARKER as part of the stolen money, from certain marks on them." The following weekend, November ?, RICHARD escaped. According to tradition, John PARKER's death was caused by poisoning. He had a drink with someone at the camp meeting and became ill because the liquor had been poisoned. He died while in the outhouse there.20 The identity of John PARKER’s killer is not known. It’s possible his death had nothing to do with this incident with Joe Jr. But given Joe Jr’s reputation and the dreaded RICHARD Family Code, it’s also possible that a RICHARD or two played a hand in Mr. PARKER’s death. According to one family story, Joe Jr. was shot to death while “turpentining” in Apalachicola with his father-in-law. His killer, a young Black man, was thought to be the husband or boyfriend of a woman whom Joe was seeing.

The Judge’s son, Lewis Telfair [-The Judge, -John Charles, -Francis I] Deborah RICHARD PEAVLER provided the following text from an article in the Florida Weekly Advocate dated May 18, 1898. The article recounts the murder of Lewis Telfair. Sunday night J. M. HARNAGE and "Bud" UNDERHILL were brought to this city (Starke) from near Lake Butler and lodged in jail on a warrant sworn out by G. B. KELLEY, charging them with the killing of Lewis RICHARD in last August at his (KELLEY's) house. The facts of the affair are as follows: Last year, about August 31st, Lewis RICHARD was shot to death in the residence of G. B. KELLEY. , in the vicinity of Lake Butler, and a few days later, at the coroner's inquest KELLEY and his wife both swore that he (KELLEY) did the shooting in self-defense of himself and his wife. Soon after that KELLEY left home, and his wife went to her father's, J. M. UNDERHILL's near this city. 104


Chapter 8: The Civil War Generation and Beyond A few days ago KELLEY returned and sent an officer after his wife, and she joined her husband and is still with him. KELLEY then swore out a warrant for his father-in-law, J. M. UNDERHILL, charging him with kidnapping his wife. He also swore out a warrant for J. M. HARNAGE and Bud UNDERHILL, charging them with the murder of Lewis RICHARD last August at his house. Bud UNDERHILL is a brother-in-law of KELLEY. All of the parties are respectable white people and are connected with the very best families of Bradford County. It is said now that KELLEY and his wife swear the J. M. HARNAGE and Bud UNDERHILL did the killing of RICHARD. They say they would have told this sooner but HARNAGE and UNDERHILL threatened their lives and they were afraid to tell the truth That, however, was only part of the story. The January 19, 1900 Bradford Telegraph carried a play by play of the testimony that included all the sordid details of the case. Several people testified that Louis was drunk, rudely insulted KELLEY’s wife, and beat KELLEY. After a scuffle, supposedly, KELLEY took Louis’ gun and killed him in self-defense. One thing that does ring true from this testimony is that, after killing Louis, one of the witnesses said that KELLEY “seemed only afraid of violence from RICHARD’s relatives.” The RICHARD Family Code seems to be more than just family lore. What appears to be the truth came from the testimony of Mattie UNDERHILL. About a month after the shooting, KELLEY said he was going away and did not expect to see any of them again, and wanted to tell the truth about the shooting. He then told witness he owed RICHARD $35 for killing some negroes, and studied the matter over while RICHARD was at his house, finally deciding that it would be easier to kill him than to pay the money. He got RICHARD’s gun, ran out into the yard and shot him in the shoulder, saw he had not killed him and ran up, placed the gun against his breast and shot him again.21 The jury returned a verdict of not guilty. The judge dropped the indictment against KELLEY charging him with complicity in the murder of Sam MOORE and wife [the “negroes”], and he was at once released from custody. A part of the article is missing, but it does not mention anyone being found guilty of killing Lewis Telfair.

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Chapter 8: The Civil War Generation and Beyond The Judge’s son, Randolph Roanoke [-The Judge, -John Charles Sr, -Francis I] All the information for this section on “Dolph” was provided by Stephen RiCharde.22 One of The Judge’s children who, to the surprise of many in the family, died of natural causes was Randolph Roanoke RICHARD, “Dolph” for short. Dolph may have been one of the toughest and

Photo Courtesy of Stephen RiCharde

meanest men in Florida history.

Figure 36. Randolph Roanoke “Dolph” RICHARD

Dolph did a variety of jobs as a young man, but he is most known for his years as the Federal Marshall in Cedar Key, Florida from sometime around 1910 until the around 1920. During that period in Florida history, much like the wild west, Dolph was pretty much all there was for law and order, and it took a tough, no-nonsense person to maintain the peace in a Gulf-coast fishing village out in the middle of nowhere. There are dozens of family stories about Dolph, but I'll foreshorten it all by telling you that he took more than one man's life in the line of duty. He never sat with his back to a door or window because his brother, Gordon, was shot in the back while sitting at his dining room table with his back to the door. He was known to have a deadly piercing gaze when angry and never showed fear of man nor beast. An old fisherman who still lives in Cedar Key tells the story of surviving Dolph's anger one night when he was drinking with three of his buddies at the Cedar Key Hotel. He said Dolph came in that night while they were a bit drunk and told them to go home. One of his buddies told Dolph he'd better leave, and the fisherman said Dolph got a look in his eyes he'd never forget, and said, "I'm asking you boys only once more to go home." The fisherman will tell you that something in that look made him 106


Chapter 8: The Civil War Generation and Beyond get up and leave that night, and he's glad he did. The next day he heard that Dolph shot two of the other

Photos courtesy of Stephen RiCharde

men dead in a gun battle a few minutes after he left.

Figure 37. “Dolph” RICHARD with pistol

Figure 38. “Dolph” RICHARD with fiddle.

Dolph with his 38 caliber pistol. This picture is not posed and was, according to my grandmother, taken during a confrontation near Cedar Key.

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Dolph in his black hat playing his fiddle after retiring as Marshall.


Chapter 8: The Civil War Generation and Beyond

John Charles Jr. [-John Charles Sr, -Francis I]

Figure 39. Captain John Charles RICHARD Jr. and Mary Anne Olmstead MORGAN. 1855

John Charles Jr. was one of the founders of the town of Starke, Bradford County, Florida. Like his brother Joseph Robert in Lake Butler, John Charles was one of the most prominent and respected men in Starke. As such, his accomplishments and contributions to his town, state, and country have been commented on and documented in other sources. Below are some of these commentaries. John Charles RICHARD Jr. … attended the county schools of Liberty County, GA, and completed his education under the tutorship of Colonel BRADWELL, a prominent attorney of Hinesville (Academy in Gainesville, FL). Until 1850 he owned a general store [in Middleburg, when the excitement arose over the scheme of General Lopez to free the island of Cuba from Spanish rule. Captain RICHARD was offered some tempting inducement to aid in enlisting men for the cause, which he did, and everything was in readiness to sail for Cuba, when the news arrived that LOPEZ had been captured and would be garroted. The death of the general put an end to the insurrectionary movement.22 …the first general merchandise store was established here [in Starke] by John Charles RICHARD (pronounced Reshard)…He later ran a mercantile establishment on Bay Street in Jacksonville. He foresaw Starke as a good location because of the new railroad, and a short time later was joined by George E. PACE, another Jacksonville 108


Chapter 8: The Civil War Generation and Beyond businessman, in forming the partnership of RICHARD & PACE on Call Street, Starke's leading store during its early years.23 In 1861, John Charles Jr. enlisted in Company B, First Battalion, Colonel FINNEGAN’s Brigade. After fighting in Virginia, he raised a company of volunteers that became Company A of the 10th Florida Regiment Infantry. He held the rank of captain in both outfits. He was severely wounded in his right arm after a mine exploded near him in battle. He sent the following letter to his wife, Mary Anne, describing a recent battle.24 As mentioned earlier, John Charles and two of his brothers fought in the Battle of Olustee, Florida. Olustee Station, February 21, 1864 Dear Wife, The enemy came in force yesterday and we met them one and one half miles of this place. Their force was much larger than ours, but we whipt them badly. Our Battalion distinguished itself and was complimented on the report filed by the commanding general. The fight lasted about or near four hours, and night put a stop to our pursuit. Our loss is about fifty killed, and among some good officers. Wounded about 300. We have killed and taken about one thousand Yanks, white and negro. We captured also 6 pieces of artillery and would, without doubt have captured the most of the enemy if we had had two hours more daylight. None of my company were killed or mortally wounded. Tom Durden severely wounded in foot. Perry Dees the same. Calvin Dees slightly in arm, Chestnutt slightly and several others slightly. I, as well as Job, Harney and Jasper were not touched. I feel very thankful that we suffered so little. Some of the boys have Yankee overcoats, caps, canteens etc. Some good blankets. Many little things taken, this paper and envelopes among them. I write but fear you will not get it. Love to all. Do write often. Love, John An interesting story is told that while at home on furlough, perhaps after his injury, a Union informer notified Federal forces that Capt. RICHARD was at Starke and, as a detachment of soldiers rode up to the front gate of his home, he jumped over the back fence and ran to Alligator Creek which bordered a portion of his pasture, following the creek to the trestle, south of town, where he hid and was supplied with food and other necessities by his wife, who was ill at the time. No major encounters took place here during the war, but the Starke area 109


Chapter 8: The Civil War Generation and Beyond was visited by raiding parties on one or more occasions, seeking to disrupt the railroad which formed an important supply line for Confederate forces farther North. After the surrender Capt. RICHARD engaged in the cross tie and mill business at Lake Butler. In 1865 he was elected delegate to the Constitutional Convention which earned the distinction of transacting all its business in thirteen days. In 1876 he was elected to the State Senate from the 15th Senatorial district and served for four years. He was elected a delegate to the Constitutional Convention that met in 1885, and in 1887 he was elected to the House of Representatives of the State legislature.25 The captain was still going strong at 63 years of age: During the yellow fever epidemic of 1888, when Bradford County mounted guard at the county borders to prevent anyone from coming in or leaving the area during the quarantine, Capt. RICHARD received word that his son, who was working in Macclenny, wanted to return home. He quietly hitched up his horse, got out his trusty shotgun, somehow eluded the border guards, and brought his son home.26 John Charles Jr. provides perhaps the best example of both the RICHARD philandering gene and the veracity and effectiveness of the RICHARD Family Code. John Charles Jr. was shot because he was allegedly seeing a woman who was not his wife. However, unlike most of his relatives and people in general, he survived being shot in the head! The following article appeared in The Starke Telegraph on August 27, 1887. A TERRIBLE SHOOTING AFFAIR Capt, J.C. RICHARD Shot in The Head By George C. MILLER On Sunday Morning – An Old Feud – MILLER Sent To Jacksonville To Jail On Sunday morning last, Captain J.C. RICHARD, of this place, while talking in front or his house, was shot and badly wounded by Mr. Geo. C. MILLER, of this place. MILLER shot 4 times, but only one ball took effect, and that struck RICHARD in the head just above the nose and between the eyes, shattering the skull bone and lodging on one side of the face over the cheek bone. The ball a 38-calibre, is not yet extracted. RICHARD fired one shot, it is said, after he was struck. It seems that there has been a very unfriendly feeling existing between them for some time, owing to family affairs. MILLER at once gave himself up to Deputy Sheriff UNDERHILL, when he waived an 110


Chapter 8: The Civil War Generation and Beyond examination and was conducted to Jacksonville for safekeeping by Deputy UNDERHILL and R.M. ALVAREZ MILLER's statement to the Jacksonville papers is a decidedly one-sided one and Captain RICHARD is yet too feeble to reply the true cause, and the blame cannot be located at this early date. It is rumored on the street that RICHARD requested that no harm be done MILLER. The trial will probably come on at the fall term of court. Captain RICHARD is a man of about 63 years, He has a large family of grown up children. He is a senior member of the firm of RICHARD & PACE; He was a member of the Constitutional Convention (of 1865 and 1885 ) and has held several high offices of trust. Mr. MILLER is about 38 years old and has been in Starke most of the time the past 7 years. He was in the drug business here several years with POWELL under the firm name of POWELL & MILLER. He has but lately returned from California where he spent a year. Since his return he has been doing odd jobs about town, and working his father's little orange grove just outside of town.

A few days later, on September 3, 1887, the newspaper published the following editorial. Captain RICHARD Played Colorful Role in Early Days of Starke The Shooting of Hon. J.C. RICHARD We can recall no event occurring in this section of the State which caused a more wide spread feeling of regret than the recent shooting of Capt. RICHARD. The Captain is well known throughout the borders of the State and has a host of friends everywhere who love and admire him for the many excellent qualities of his generous nature. To attest his great personal popularity at home, we may say that from the moment he was wounded until it was definitely known that he was entirely out or danger, his home was crowded day and night with anxious friends. Capt. RICHARD has been fully identified with the political history of Florida, his native state, for the past 30 or 40 years, having served in two State Constitutional Conventions and several terms in both branches of the Legislature. He also enjoys the reputation of a vigilant and brave military commander, having served throughout the entire War Between the States, with distinction to himself and command, and honor to his section. His name was favorably mentioned for Congress last year and his numerous friends in all sections of the State are now looking forward to his political promotion at no distant day. The shooting of 111


Chapter 8: The Civil War Generation and Beyond such a man as Capt. RICHARD was well calculated to excite a feeling or deep interest in his behalf in all sections of the country. Messages of warm sympathy have poured in upon him from all sections of the State and from many other quarters. Among the great number of friend who hastened to give expression to their warm sympathy and deep regrets by telegraph and letter, we may mention the following from abroad: R. C. HERBERGER, Washington, D. C., John F. JACKSON, N. Y., J. E. LOW, Green Cove, Gen. Edward HOPKINS, Mrs. Dr. MURPHY, Dr. J. N. JONES, Hon. T. A. MacDONALD; Jacksonville, Dr. J. G. HOPKINS, Thomasville, Ga.; F. W. SIMMONS, Fernandina, G. P. WEBB. Gainesville; Dr. C. A. SIMMONS, Hawthorne, Dr. James CHASE, Bronson, and many others. In concluding this brief notice of the Captain and his unexpected affliction, we are pleased to state that he will be able to be out and mingle with his friends again, and that he has borne with true Spartan heroism his severe suffering. Stephen RiCharde offered the following epilogue to this Terrible Shooting Affair. A man named MILLER who believed that John Charles was courting his wife attempted to kill John by shooting him in the head around the beginning of the year in 1889 [sic]. John II survived but lost an eye. On New Year's Eve the same year, MILLER and all who were involved in the attack were found shot to death. Though there was a county reward of $500 and a Starke city reward of $100, no one was brought to justice for the killing. However, it is local legend that it was indeed the RICHARD "clan" that did the deed. Captain John Charles RICHARD, Jr. died February 20th, 1905 in Starke, Florida.

John Charles’ son, Osceola Watoga [John Charles Jr, John Charles Sr, Francis I] On April 26, 1862 Melinda RICHARD wrote a letter to George W. RANDOLPH, Secretary of War for the Confederate States, pleading that her son, Osceola, be exempted from the draft. She wrote that she was a widow with six daughters, and that they all depended on Osceola for support. Mamfredonia, Osceola’s wife of less than two months, actually wrote the letter for Melinda because Melinda was unable to write due to having “been afflicted with paralysis for more than two years.” Melinda asked that the Secretary spare her “from going down to the grave with a broken heart.”27 The Secretary of War was not sufficiently moved by Melinda’s letter. Her request was not granted. In the end, however, Melinda got her wish. Osceola did not fight in the war, nor was he a draft-dodger. Like many men on both sides of the war, Osceola hired someone to go to war in his place – a “substitute.” Substitution also played a significant role in the execution of the draft. Substitution was a perfectly legal evasion of the draft and was listed under section 13 of the Enrollment Act of 1863. An individual would simply hire and pay someone to serve in his place. 31 112


Chapter 8: The Civil War Generation and Beyond On Sept. 1, 1862 in Jacksonville, “fifteen-plus” year old Augustus KENNEDY enlisted as Osceola’s substitute in Company B First Special Battalion of Florida Infantry. John Charles RICHARD Jr. was the captain.28 This company subsequently became Company A, 10th Regiment Florida Infantry. The six companies of the 1st Battalion Florida Infantry and four companies of the 2nd Battalion Florida Infantry were consolidated on June 8, 1864(?) to form the 10th Regiment Florida Infantry. 32 It appears that Osceola remained on the family’s Sugar Grove Plantation supporting his family during the war. He died a mysterious death in 1869. Some family sources say he was murdered. It is not known whether or not the RICHARD Clan enforced the Richard Family Code and avenged his death.

1

RiCharde, Stephen. Website. Accessed 2006.

2

Bradford County Telegraph. January 19, 1900, p. 1.

3

Camden County, Georgia, Inferior Court Minutes 1816-1829, June 2, 1817, p. 29.

4

Denham, James M. and Brown, Canter Jr., editors, Cracker Times and Pioneer Lives, p162.

5

Ibid.

6

1860 U.S. Census Slave Schedules, State of Florida, Bradford County, William B. Ross.

7

Denham, James M., p. 162.

8

Florida Department of State. Florida Confederate Pension Application Files. William H. Ross #A00386, Adolphus A. Ross #A02577, Francis W. Ross #D18144.

9

Pittman, William S, compiler, The People of Lawmaking in Florida, 1822-2008, p.54.

10

Florida Department of State. Florida Confederate Pension Application Files. Robert J. Bigelow#A01286, Eugene Bigelow #A01963.

11

1835 Laws of Florida Teritory, 13th Session. Chapter 826, No. iii, An Act to Incorporate the Southern Life Insurance and Trust Company.

12

Jacksonville Courier, September 17, 1835. Advertisement for John W. Richard’s General Store, p. 4.

13

Jacksonville Courier. September 17, 1835. Election Notice, p. 3.

14

Genealogy of don Francis Joseph Louis Richard.

15

Florida Department of State. Florida Confederate Pension Application Files. Job T. Richard #A02546.

16

Bradford County Telegraph. “Richarde Dies as Result of a Feud.” Reprinted May 15, 1997.

17

Civil War Service Records. Ancestry.com. Accessed August 20, 2010.

18

Bonner, Donna Jean. Email message, December 26, 2007.Re: "Harney Napoleon RICHARD."

19

1860 U.S. Census Slave Schedules, State of Florida, County of New River, Robert Richard.

20

The Bartow Informant, November 5, 1881.

21

Bradford County Telegraph. January 19, 1900, p. 1.

22

RiCharde, Stephen. Website. Accessed 2006.

113


Chapter 8: The Civil War Generation and Beyond

23

Rerick, Rowland H. Memoirs of Florida, Volume I, p. 662.

24

Genealogy of don Francis Joseph Louis RICHARD.

25

Rerick, p. 663.

26

History of Bradford County, Florida. St. Petersburg, Florida: Southern Heritage Press, p.108.

27

Richard, Mamfredonia Hardaway. Letter written on behalf of Melinda Richard to Mr. Randolph, Secretary of War, April 26, 1860.� In possession of Offutt, Julie.

28

Civil War Service Record for Augustus Kennedy, Substitute for Osceola Richard.

114

http://www.honorine.info/issuuchapters/Ch8  

http://www.honorine.info/issuuchapters/Ch8.pdf

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