Annual Green Supplement 2018-2019
EMD Serono’s SagaMORE Named Building of the Year Project SagaMORE, a 30,000sf improvement and expansion to EMD Serono’s R&D campus in Billerica, Mass., was named “Building of the Year” at USGBC Massachusetts’ 2018 Green Building Showcase. See page 12 for the full list of winners.
INDUSTRY EXPERT ARTICLES
Connecticut WELL Accredited Professionals, facilitated by Antonia Ciaverella / page 8 Mike DeLacey
2018 Winning projects announced! /www.high-profile.com page 12
Annual Green Supplement
Aldon Electric Completes Work such as the Stanton Loop project in Worcester, Mass., are being developed with health, sustainability, and function in mind.
by Anastasia Barnes I’m thrilled to share this year’s annual green supplement with our readers! In the next 15 pages, you’ll read about what is happening in the New England AEC industry to sustain and manage the built environment. Urban Population Growth What can we, as professionals, do now to prepare for the future? Is it designing with biodiversity in mind or implementing BIM technology throughout a project’s life cycle? The answer is both! In this issue, Blake Jackson of Stantec and Mike DeLacey of Microdesk each give their perspective on what we can do with the consequences of urban population growth. WELL AP You’ll read about 10 different A/E/C professionals that are WELL-certified, including what inspired them to become certified and what advice they have for those considering the same credential.
Passive House Jim Newman of Linnean Solutions explains how some cities and communities are striving to be carbon neutral by having stricter and more extensive building efficiency requirements. Sustainable Catalyst Alana Spencer of Vanderweil Engineers defines what it means to be a sustainability catalyst for your team, project, or company “by creating buildings and spaces that incorporate resiliency, social equity, and health/ wellness strategies.” Acoustic Design Did you know rating systems such as LEED, WELL, and Fitwel are increasingly being utilized when it comes to acoustic design? Kristen Murphy of Acentech breaks it down for us. Green Building Showcase Winners The USGBC Massachusetts chapter held its 2018 Green Building Showcase recently. We have all the winning projects from this year’s showcase! I’m proud to be a part of an industry that is actively taking responsibility for the damage that we, as humans, have caused. We’re not only taking responsibility. We’re creating solutions.
Healthy Communities We have an article on how communities,
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Weymouth, MA – Aldon Electric, Inc., headquartered in Weymouth, recently completed comprehensive electrical construction of Emmanuel College’s new 19-story residence hall at 300 Brookline Avenue in Boston. The NECA contractor’s project scope included installation of the facility’s primary and emergency power systems, electrical distribution system, fire alarm, interior and exterior lighting, and lighting control system. Aldon Electric was a team member on the residence hall project with architect, Elkus Manfredi; GC, John Moriarty & Associates; and EE, R.W. Sullivan Engineering. The modern, multitower, 267,500sf residence hall is the largest building on the Emmanuel campus, housing approximately 690 students. The facility incorporates lounges and group study rooms, a media center, a fitness center, dance studio, 15 underground parking spaces, and 102 covered bicycle spaces. The ground floor atrium serves as a common space for the entire Emmanuel community. The Margaret L. McKenna Media Center, an all-purpose room equipped with flat-panel displays for studying, meeting and presentations, is located in the center of the atrium. The ground floor also houses a Dunkin’ Donuts cafe and a Joe-Di’s Food Mart convenience store.
Emmanuel College’s new 19-story residence hall
The residence hall is designed to achieve LEED Silver certification with features that included energy-efficient LED lighting and energy-saving HVAC systems. Exterior lighting installations include LED recessed downlights which illuminate the façade, and Aldon’s reinstallation of pole lights that were on the original site and that help the new residence hall blend harmoniously into the Emmanuel campus.
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Sustainability: The Challenge Confronting Us
by Mike DeLacey The world’s population will reach 9.7 billion by 2050, a massive increase from 7.3 billion in 2015. As a result of this growth, 66.6% of the population will live in urban environments and the number of buildings in the world will double. This rise in population, accommodated by a surge in construction, can lead to greenhouse gases undoubtedly posing even more of a threat to our environment and our future. We can’t reverse the damage that the construction industry has already caused as the largest contributor of greenhouse gases to the environment, more so than automobiles. But we can take steps to reduce its future impact by building more responsibly and sustainably moving forward to ensure a livable planet even as the population and urban environment expand. I realize there is a greater responsibility we as industry experts and leaders have to meet in our professional and personal
lives. For us, it starts with implementing building information modeling (BIM) technology from design throughout the entire project life cycle. Leveraging this data with the proper methodology significantly saves time and reduces the costs and risks associated with the designing, planning, construction, and operations of buildings and infrastructure. It is up to us to advocate, educate, and share, using the best tools and smartest approaches going forward.
The world’s population will reach 9.7 billion by 2050, a massive increase from 7.3 billion in 2015. As a result of this growth, 66.6% of the population will live in urban environments and the number of buildings in the world will double. BIM is a virtual model and process that allows for iterative analysis of carbon footpring and energy efficiency as well as eliminating the need to constantly create and distribute copies of the model as it is updated (digitally or physically). BIM enables effective coordination and planning of design, production, cost planning, and construction, as well as
Aerial view of Boston / photo by Osman Rana
automatic clash detection. Applying this technology will help maximize sustainability, limiting spending on unnecessary materials and equipment and waste and rework, which saves time and, ultimately, increases productivity. Now is the time to drive these conversations about the future and build further understanding around the implications of using our current designbid-build processes, which are outdated and inefficient, and unable to meet the demands of urbanization in any manner, let alone sustainably. We can’t stifle a growing population, therefore we need the infrastructure and
resources to support it sustainably. The projections for the future urban landscape can be daunting. But we have the ability to accommodate urban population growth and decrease the threat of soaring greenhouse gas emissions. We just have to build smarter, more sustainably, and collaboratively and utilize the technology available to us for the greater good of the population and the planet. Mike DeLacey is the CEO of Microdesk, an Architecture, Engineering, Construction, and Operations and Maintenance (AECO) industry consultancy, and a member of the Construction Institute.
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Legionellosis and How to Help Prevent it in Your Building by Roger P. Francoeur We have been hearing about Legionnaires’ disease in our area lately; there was an outbreak stemming from a hot tub at a beach resort in New Hampshire. While scanning through the news on the web about outbreaks, I saw other recent occurrences of this illness: at a VA hospital in the Boston area, at a business in Upper Manhattan, at a nursing home in Rhode Island, at an apartment complex and at a homeless shelter in Baltimore, at a church in Illinois (from the baptismal font), and the list goes on. The most disturbing thing is that some of the affected people have died from this disease. Then, among these articles, of course there are the inevitable lawyers advertising that they can get a lot of money for you if you or a loved one contracted Legionnaires’ disease from some form of negligence. I think how glad I am that it’s not me dealing with this at one of our offices, and how many others are probably thinking the same thing, especially those who are responsible for reducing the
risk of it occurring. I ask myself, “Am I prepared to defend myself if there is a Legionnaire’s disease outbreak in any of our buildings?” Building owners and managers everywhere would do well to ask this too. This article will provide an overview about legionellosis and help you understand the basics of how to prevent it in your building. Legionellosis Legionellosis includes two types of illnesses: Legionnaires’ disease, which results in lung infection (pneumonia), and Pontiac fever, which results in flu-like symptoms. Both are caused by different bacteria species in the Legionella family. About 98% of legionellosis results in Legionnaires’ disease; it can be deadly, and the severity of symptoms is worse than Pontiac fever, which is why there is more focus on Legionnaires’ disease. It was first identified in 1976 during a convention of the American Legion in Philadelphia. Pontiac fever, first reported in Pontiac, Michigan, is a big deal, too, for those who contract it and for the medical centers that are burdened by an outbreak.
Figure 1 Legionnaires’ disease is contracted by breathing in small droplets of water containing Legionella. Image from CDC.
Symptoms associated with Legionnaires’ disease include coughing, shortness of breath, muscular aches, fever, and headache. Most patients recover fully with treatment using antibiotics, although hospitalization is most times required. About one in 10 patients die. People that are most susceptible to
Legionnaires’ disease are aged more than 50 years, current or former smokers, those with lung diseases like emphysema or COPD, and those who have a weakened immune system from disease or medicines. Unfortunately, there are currently no vaccines for Legionnaires’ disease. The bacteria occur naturally in fresh water, and only become a problem when they are amplified in man-made water systems that are not properly maintained. Legionella grows best in warm water that is not moving or that does not have enough disinfectant, and it is associated with biofilms (groups of bacteria and other microorganisms). Most outbreaks occur in buildings that have large water systems such as hot tubs, cold/hot water tanks and heaters, large plumbing systems, cooling towers (structures that contain water and a fan as part of air-cooling systems), and decorative water systems (e.g. fountains). This article has been edited for print. To read the full article visit www.high-profile. com/RPF
Lockheed Window’s Dedication to Sustainability Pascoag RI – Lockheed Window Corp., a local commercial construction company, takes pride in ensuring its projects focus on sustainable design. The New Lebanon Elementary School is just one example displaying the Lockheed team’s commitment to reducing their environmental footprint. This project is currently slated for completion before the new year and is designed to achieve a Gold-level LEED rating. New Lebanon is being fitted with Rhienzink (zinc) standing seam metal panels, which are sustainable products made from 50% C. Installing these panels on the walls of the new building presented a unique challenge for the Lockheed team: This particular type of panel is designed to be used on roofs, and the typical roof seamer is far too heavy to use on a wall. To overcome this, Lockheed partnered with several manufacturers to customize smaller equipment fit to seam the panels on vertical walls, ensuring an effective installation. The Lockheed team has completed a series of projects that achieve LEED certifications, consistently working with its vendors to meet and exceed environmental standards. Some similar projects recently completed include CREC Museum Academy, which achieves
The New Lebanon Elementary School under construction
LEED Silver status and features cantilevered roofing systems, and the UConn Next Gen Hall, which achieves LEED Silver status and features sun shades running up the sides of the building to regulate temperature. Lockheed is fully equipped to execute flawlessly on the design, engineering, production, fabrication, application, and installation of their many products, which include fiber cement panel systems, composite panel systems, traditional and unitized curtainwall systems, storefront systems, sun shading devices, skylights, door and hardware systems, hollow metal openings, terracotta cladding systems, and window systems. The company maintains a focus
on sustainable and innovative design for each project they work on and provide only the highest quality products for customers. Submitted by Lockheed Window Corp.
UConn Next Gen Hall
CREC Museum Academy
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Sustainable Design Criteria for Acoustics been many recent studies supporting how thoughtful acoustical design can reduce workplace stress and distraction, improve information retention in schools, speed up recovery time in hospitals, and much
There have been many
by Kristen Murphy The positive relationship between proper acoustic design and sustainable design is a true win-win for designers and end users alike. As many already know, this largely stemmed from the synergy of acoustic strategies with eco-friendly and energy-efficient design practices. Energyefficient HVAC systems with lower velocities and smaller loads are great at keeping background noise levels down; energy-efficient, tightly sealed building envelopes are great at reducing both air and sound infiltration; and there are many acoustical products and finishes that meet requirements for VOCs, environmental product declarations, regional and recycled content, etc. While those considerations are still very important, sustainability has broadened to ensure spaces are healthy and comfortable for their occupants, where proper acoustics is key. There have
recent studies supporting how thoughtful acoustical design can reduce workplace stress and distraction, improve information retention in schools, speed up recovery time in hospitals, and much more. more. As time goes on, experts have taken notice of these benefits. Therefore, the requirements for noise control and room acoustics are increasingly formalized in many of the widely used environmental and wellness related rating systems. So what specific rating systems look at acoustical design? Some of the most significant in the industry, for starters:
LEED In general, many LEED v4 rating systems and project types offer the acoustic performance credit (1 point) for interior acoustic conditions and have an open pilot credit (1 point) for controlling the amount of exterior noise generated by the project. In addition to those general credits, LEED BD+C: Schools, Healthcare, Homes and Multifamily Midrise have specific language favoring good acoustic design. LEED BD+C: Schools has one prerequisite and one credit (1 point) for acoustical criteria based on ANSI S12.60-2010. LEED BD+C: Healthcare has one credit for acoustic design (up to 2 points) based on the 2010 FGI Guidelines for Design and Construction of Health Care Facilities. LEED BD+C: Homes and Multifamily Midrise have a pilot credit (1 point) for acoustic comfort in living spaces.
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WELL In WELL v1, there are two preconditions and four optimizations (New and Existing Buildings) addressing a wide variety of topics, including exterior noise intrusion, internally generated HVAC noise, sound absorptive treatments, sound blocking constructions, and sound masking. integratedbuilders.com In the soon-to-come WELL v2, there are many changes to the
classification and requirements of acoustic criteria. For one, Sound is graduating from its place within the Comfort concept to become its own concept. This concept has one prerequisite, and four optimizations (up to 11 points). In addition to this huge shift, many of the acoustic metrics are changing from v1, and many space-specific requirements have been added for different project types (including living spaces and classrooms).
Fitwel For multifamily residential projects, there are two strategies related to acoustics in the Indoor Environments category (2.25 points each) — one strategy dealing with controlling noisy exterior spaces and one strategy for controlling interior sources of noise. Although it is exciting to see this push for better acoustics for human comfort and sustainable design from design authorities, architects must also keep a watchful eye on how other aspects of these rating systems can negatively impact acoustical outcomes for a given space. For instance, incorporating fitness spaces is a great way to provide occupants convenient access to exercise, but high-impact activities can transmit throughout a building. Operable windows allow fresh air but also outdoor noise; daylighting is wonderful for energy reduction and occupant satisfaction, but the wrong type of glazing can significantly impact sound isolation. As you can surely tell, this has only been a brief introduction to bring awareness of the large number of criteria that now directly reference acoustic design. We understand it can be a large learning curve to keep these acoustic needs and their implications straight, but we are well-trained and ready to assist! Kristen Murphy, LEED AP BD+C, WELL AP, is an acoustics consultant at Acentech.
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302 WeymouthCallSt, Suite 203, Rockland MA 02370 781-421-2003 integratedbuilders.com us today or visit our website integratedbuilders.com
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302 Weymouth Street, Suite 203, Rockland, MA 02370 | Ph: (781)421-2003 | integratedbuilders.com
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Connecticut WELL Accredited Professionals Lead in Healthy Building Movement the last two years. Debra L. Seay, AIA, WELL AP, is a project manager with Amenta Emma Architects in Hartford, Conn.
Facilitated by Antonia Ciaverella As curiosity sparks around health and well-being in the built environment, our network of Connecticut WELL Accredited Professionals leads the way. Today, they share their stories and insight into the WELL Building Standard: What inspired you to become a WELL AP? Andrea E. Olson After being introduced to WELL concepts through a potential project, I became excited by the opportunity to learn more and participate in something that mirrors my core personal and professional values surrounding health and wellness. Andrea E. Olson, NCIDQ, WELL AP, is an interior architectural designer with id3A in Glastonbury, Conn. Debra L. Seay One of my clients was interested in knowing more about WELL when it was first released, but no one in my firm had any knowledge of the standard. Once I started reading about WELL, I became enthused by so many of the concepts. I started educating not only my clients, but also my firm, on the features in WELL. I started a Wellness Committee within my firm, which has implemented several wellness initiatives within
Emily E. Knipe I was inspired to become a WELL AP because I believe that incorporating wellness features into design is simply good design. I also work in the senior living sector to improve interior environments for residents who have limited exposure to the outdoors and wellness features, and I have seen the positive impact that WELL features have on this community. It made complete sense for me to become a WELL AP. Emily E. Knipe, IIDA, LEED AP, WELL AP, is an associate with Amenta Emma Architects in Hartford, Conn. Eleana Petsitis Lynch When I first learned of the WELL building standard and its mission “to improve human health and wellbeing in buildings and communities across the world,” I immediately thought that it was a natural fit with what our university clients are trying to offer their students and faculty. The buildings we design for them need to be high performing and support the work they are doing, but they also need to support their health and well-being as they learn and work to help others live healthy lives. This ultimately was the catalyst for me to inquire more about the standard and eventually study and achieve my WELL AP credential. Eleana Petsitis Lynch, NCIDQ, IIDA, LEED AP, WELL AP, is an interior designer and senior associate with The S/L/A/M Collaborative in Glastonbury, Conn.
In your opinion, what concept or feature in WELL is most impactful? Chad Groshart As a lighting designer, the features centered around circadian lighting and daylight are exciting because they touch the visual sense, which is where humans get 90% of our information. Chad Groshart, IALD, LEED AP BD+C, WELL AP, WELL Faculty, is an associate director with Atelier Ten in New Haven, Conn. Deborah M. Stadler I have to pick two: water and air. Carl Sagan’s quote is quite memorable: “Anything else you’re interested in is not going to happen if you can’t breathe the air and drink the water. Don’t sit this one out. Do something.” Deborah M. Stadler, LEED AP BD+C, LEED AP ID+C, WELL AP, AIA, NCARB, is a principal with Viridis Sustainable Building Consultancy LLC in West Hartford, Conn. Tracy Herzer I think fitness or movement is the most important Wellness concept. To reduce stress, refocus your brain, help you sleep, get circulation going for healing, and making a strong heart and body, movement is the single most important part of our day, and it is being ignored. I hope we reawaken the need to move, and I am hoping WELL with help with that! Tracy Herzer, IIDA, LEED AP, NCIDQ, WELL AP, is an associate and senior interior designer with The S/L/A/M Collaborative in Glastonbury, Conn.
What advice do you have for those considering a WELL AP credential or a WELL Certified project? Caitlin A. Magoon I recommend visiting a WELL building and talking to the people using the space to experience the difference. The aesthetic and positive energy of the environment speaks for itself. What I love about WELL is the focus on the well-being of each and every individual. As human beings, we should all strive to make a positive impact on the lives of others. Caitlin A. Magoon, NCIDQ, WELL AP, is an interior architectural designer with id3A in Glastonbury, Conn. Laura Bedus Think about the things in your office or building that you don’t have positive feelings towards and understand how WELL could have an impact on them. Laura Bedus, Assoc. AIA, WELL AP, is an architectural designer with edm in Unionville, Conn. Nora Rizzo The WELL Standard and checklists are online and available to anyone for free. I encourage people to spend some time exploring the intent and language of the standard. There are also some great resources about the certification process. Nora Rizzo, LEED AP BD+C, WELL AP, LFA, is the director of sustainability with Fusco Corporation in New Haven, Conn. Antonia Ciaverella, EDAC, WELL AP, LEED AP BD+C, Fitwel Ambassador, is an architectural designer with Tecton Architects in Hartford, Conn.
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Survey Finds Green Building is Standard Wellness is Becoming a Driving Force, but Resilience Lags Behind New York – A recent survey conducted by construction management firm Structure Tone finds that green building is increasingly perceived as standard practice, employee wellness continues to be a pivotal selling point, and resilience planning lacks urgency. Now in its third year, the anonymous survey was sent to a select group of senior corporate real estate and facilities management professionals, as well as a group of architects, brokers, consultants, engineers, and project managers for a more comprehensive snapshot of industry opinions. Questions focused on the relevance of third-party certification systems, challenges to building green, and the increasing pressures of climate change and disastrous weather patterns in the built environment. In comparison to last year’s results, the 2018 responses, collected informally and not as a scientific sampling, indicate that while some things have changed, others have not. The survey concluded that: • Sustainability has shifted from a market differentiator to an industry expectation. This year, 90% of respondents perceive green building as a code requirement, already mainstream, or becoming code
STO Sustainability Survey 2018 summary infographic
as municipalities adopt more sustainable standards. • Wellness is a must. An overwhelming 93% think wellness is already a core requirement, and 69% consider it essential to their retention and recruitment. • While 79% agree LEED is the most respected third-party certification
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system, the perceived value of certifications in general has declined. Fifty-seven percent believe there are too many third-party rating systems, and only half of respondents understand what’s new in LEED v4. Also, over one-third of respondents say they will build to certification standards without seeking it. Another third will not
seek certification at all. • Despite record high temperatures and costly storms, only 43% of respondents will be seeking external expertise in resilience planning to meet their real estate needs — a 0% change from last year’s results. • Contrary to the common assumption, generational differences had little impact on respondents’ opinions of sustainability, wellness, or resilience in the built environment. “While it’s definitely a positive sign that LEED-like measures and stricter energy efficiency are becoming embedded in building codes, these findings may indicate that we’ve reached a certain level of complacency when it comes to sustainable design and construction,” says Jennifer Taranto, Structure Tone’s director of sustainability. “Benchmarks like third-party certification standards drive us forward and help our industry continue to innovate.” Structure Tone’s sustainability team plans to continue conducting this survey on an annual basis. The hope is that as building practices and contextual circumstances change over time, the report will help detect and analyze the resulting trends and what impact they may have on the present and future state of sustainable building.
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Barone Campus Center Addition, Fairfield University, Fairfield, CT. Main Photo: Goody Clancy, Boston, MA. Inset Photo: Coreslab Structures (CONN) Inc.
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UMass Uses STBs to Reduce Energy Consumption
UMass Amherst Life Science Laboratories building
Amherst, MA – The Life Science Laboratories building at UMass Amherst was designed to foster excellence in research while reducing energy consumption. To prevent thermal bridging where 40 steel cantilevers penetrate the building envelope, Wilson Architects and Lim Consultants specified structural thermal breaks, reducing energy loss by 50% where utilized and contributing to the project’s LEED Gold certification. The five-story 310,000sf Life Science Laboratories building is designed to foster collaboration among faculty and student researchers in biology, environmental science, physics, chemistry, and other sciences. It also employs a range of advanced measures to slash energy usage, carbon emissions, and related costs. Construction of the Life Science Laboratories building began in 2011 and was completed in 2013. Currently, the building houses 64 faculty, 512 student researchers, and 37 staff. However, it was designed for flexibility to reconfigure interior spaces to accommodate changes in direction of scientific research and in staffing.
With the energy-saving technologies in place, including structural thermal breaks for the canopy support structure, the lab saves approximately $300,000 in energy costs per year, which bears out the energy modeling that Wilson Architects conducted at the project’s outset. As the building systems are constantly monitored for energy usage, savings were documented to the extent that, in 2015, the building achieved LEED Gold certification. Sustainability is especially challenging for a research facility, which typically consumes more energy than comparable buildings due in part to ventilation systems that draw large volumes of interior air through fume hoods and expel it into the atmosphere. To meet safety and functional requirements of the building while minimizing energy use, Wilson Architects and Lim Consultants specified low-flow fume hoods and plumbing fixtures, energy-recovering air handling units and heat recovery chillers, water reclamation and recycling systems, sensor-controlled
Life Science Laboratories building canopy bridge construction
lighting, and water-cooled (versus less efficient air-cooled) systems, while maximizing the effect of sunlight. An additional energy-saving strategy was required to mitigate the potential of thermal bridging through steel beams that penetrated the insulated building envelope to support a 300-ft. glass canopy spanning the length of the building’s façade. Architect Kevin Triplett of Wilson Architects Inc. explained, “We designed an elevated exterior walkway to make it easier for occupants to traverse the length of the building and, in particular, to provide handicapped individuals with easier access to entry points. To protect everyone using this external walkway from the elements, we built a glass canopy overhead, supported by multiple steel beams that cantilever from the building.” However, exterior steel cantilevers supported by interior structural steel would cause interior heat to be conducted through the cantilevers and dissipated into the environment, requiring steel-tosteel insulation in the form of structural thermal breaks, or STBs. The canopy support structure consists of 40 steel beams spaced approximately 10 feet apart. Wilson Architects specified an Isokorb Type S22 STB to be positioned where the cantilevers penetrate the insulated building envelope, reducing heat loss by approximately 50% at each penetration. Supplied by Schöck North America, the STB is a load-bearing thermal insulation element consisting of a 3-in.-thick (76 mm) block of HCFC-free polystyrene foam held captive between steel plates with high-tensile threaded stainless steel bolts and nuts. “Lim Consultants recommended that we install the S22 thermal breaks for steel
construction to prevent thermal bridging,” Triplett said. “At the time, the product and technology were relatively new to us, but Schöck had fully tested its system and established a track record of success in Europe. Plus, they provided any technical support we needed.” According to Triplett, it is difficult to calculate how much of the total savings accrued from the structural thermal breaks, because they were not separately metered and monitored. However, he says they contributed significantly to the savings.
Schöck thermal breaks for canopy and bridge
He adds, “They also prevent the interior side of the penetration from becoming cold enough to form condensation, which can rust steel structures. Condensation can also support mold growth on adjacent surfaces, potentially affecting the health of occupants as well as the work done in the labs. That’s a problem which is difficult, if not impossible, to go back and try to fix. The STBs prevent condensation and contribute toward making the building sustainable for the long term. It’s a relatively small investment that yields big returns.”
SCI Teams with Walker Thomas and Civico Dev.
View of triple-deckers on Bell Hill that includes the Stanton Loop development / photo by Steven King
Worcester, MA – The recent completion of 24 and 30 Stanton Street in Worcester has created shared housing; restored and upgraded dilapidated buildings for health, sustainability, and function; and preserved rich neighborhood history for the next century. The Stanton Loop Revitalization Project started in 2016 as a collaboration between Sustainable Comfort Inc. (SCI), Civico Development, and Walker Thomas, with SCI acting as the general contractor. The initiative began as an effort to preserve Worcester’s historic tripledecker neighborhoods, built at the turn of the 20th century. While these three-story apartments no longer house the working class families of New England’s Industrial Revolution, Stanton Loop hopes to give
more people a healthy place to call home in Worcester. To date, five triple-deckers have been completely renovated. As a graduate of Worcester Polytechnic Institute, SCI President Albert LaValley says, “It’s rare for people to actually stay in Worcester after they complete their degree. There isn’t a ton of housing for recent graduates with entry-level salaries who don’t have a family but still need a way to split costs. Worcester needs to compete for young people if it wants to continue to grow. As the city works to entice more graduates to stay, the demand for affordable, shared housing will only increase.” Upgrades to 24 and 30 Stanton Street are projected to save tenants an average of $800 per year. The savings residents pocket from reduced utility bills can be
used to pay off their student loan debt, save to start a family or buy a home, or reinvest into the local community as business owners, employees, and patrons — helping to improve Worcester’s economy overall. Providing efficient and modern amenities is only one part of attracting residents to shared housing. Building a sense of community — something these triple-deckers did so well historically — remains of equal importance. Taylor Bearden, CEO of Walker Thomas, says, “If we restore enough of these properties, making design decisions that help to establish a vibrant community, we can help to create a neighborhood vibe that entices residents to stay long term.” The Stanton Loop development team plans to purchase and restore more clusters of homes throughout the area to strengthen this neighborly attitude. The hope is that by improving residential housing block by block, individuals and the entire community will prosper. Homes built over 100 years ago contain remarkable hand craftsmanship — architecture that truly stands the test of time. However, triple-deckers like 24 and 30 Stanton Street also come with fire hazards, energy inefficiencies, and outdated layouts. LaValley says, “We expect older properties to have mold, lead paint, and possibly asbestos we need to abate. However, our biggest safety concern is
usually fire. Because of the way tripledeckers are framed, fire spreads very quickly to the rest of the building. To prevent this, we do something called fire-blocking that makes it very difficult for a fire to spread to other units. We also replace old-style wiring and strip out lead paint.” In addition to safety upgrades, 24 and 30 Stanton Street feature low-flow water fixtures; high-efficiency heating, cooling, and domestic hot water equipment; and new windows and air sealing so that moisture, pests, and energy are not exchanged between apartments. SCI Project Manager Nathan Lataille says, “We use low-VOC products and add ventilation to help keep indoor air quality healthy and make the home more energy efficient. Most of these homes are not insulated at all, so we use the Mass Save energy efficiency program that is offered through the utility companies and helps economically insulate the homes from the basement all the way to the attic.” The newly remodeled triple-deckers also contain two bathrooms, an eat-in kitchen, and two or three bedrooms, including a large master with a walk-in closet. Bearden says, “Triple-deckers often have awkward layouts, limited cabinetry and storage, and a single bathroom. We make tweaks to how existing spaces are used — turning the dining room into a living room, converting the kitchen into an eat-in kitchen, and adding a second bathroom.” Photo by Steven King
Next Phase of Stanton Loop Complete
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The recent completion of work for our Stanton Loop Neighborhood Revitalization Project in Worcester created shared housing, and restored dilapidated buildings for health, sustainability and functionality while preserving history.
Annual Green Supplement
USGBC’s Green Building Showcase ’18 Winners Editor’s note: High-Profile Monthly had the good fortune to attend this year’s Green Building Showcase 2018. The winning projects appear here with contents edited for print. For complete commentary, visit: https://usgbcma.org/ blog/gbs-18-winner-and-photos/ Boston – Once a year, some 300 architects, engineers, contractors, developers, owners, facility managers, building users, lenders, suppliers, and those who play a role in designing, operating, and constructing the built environment gather to celebrate industry success and innovation at USGBC MA’s Green Building Showcase (GBS ’18). From over 150 project boards on display, here are this year’s winners:
Jim Stanislaski’s and Aminah Mcnulty’s breakout performances in the event’s opening, “Mother Earth.”
Building of the Year EMD Serono SagaMORE Submitted by The Green Engineer and Ellenzweig
HEALTH & WELLNESS – MARKET LEADER EMD Serono SagaMORE Submitted by: Ellenzweig & The Green Engineer
RESILIENCE – MARKET LEADER 181 Coleridge Ave. Residences Submitted by: Touloukian Touloukian Inc
Project SagaMORE is currently pending LEED NC v2009 Gold certification. It is expected to achieve a 42% water use reduction, 30% energy cost reduction, and 82% reduction in construction waste. Project SagaMORE is a 30,000sf expansion of EMD Serono’s R&D campus in Billerica and was designed to enhance EMD’s progressive work culture through employee engagement, wellbeing, technology, and biophilic design.
The site features a central courtyard which helps elevate the building access points above the FEMA floodplains and gently slopes down towards the waterfront using native plantings and rain gardens to help control the onsite stormwater. Located in East Boston, this new multifamily residential development faces many challenges as a waterfront site already affected by the rising coastal tides surrounding the Boston Harbor.
ENERGY & WATER EFFICIENCY – MARKET LEADER 6 Industrial Way Office Park Submitted by: Touloukian Touloukian Inc
A bird’s-eye view of Project SagaMORE, a 30,000sf improvement and expansion of an existing building on EMD Serono’s R&D campus in Billerica achieving WELL and LEED certification. Market Leader Award Series SITE – MARKET LEADER “Everyone Wants a Home of Their Own” by Utile, Inc.
The building design optimizes comfort, durability, and energy-efficiency by adopting the PHIUS+ 2015 Passive House standard specific to Atlanta’s climate. Buildings will be better adapted to climate change, be net-zero ready, and achieve significant energy savings.
INNOVATION – MARKET LEADER Chicago Riverwal Submitted by: Sasaki
In 2012, Sasaki, Ross Barney Architects, Alfred Benesch Engineers, Jacobs/Ryan Associates, and a broader technical consultant team, was tasked with creating a vision for the six blocks between State Street and Lake Street. Building off the previous studies of the river, the team’s plans provide a pedestrian connection along the river between the lake and the river’s confluence.
The office building structure includes innovative cross-laminated timbers, the first of its kind in New England. Designed as a three-story office space, this 16-acre site reverses the conventional, inwardly focused commercial building by implementing a flexible floor plan and indoor/ outdoor program that advances human health and wellness. PEOPLE’S CHOICE – MARKET LEADER Northeastern University Interdisciplinary Science and Engineering Complex Submitted by: Payette
A parametric model was developed alongside custom compositing software to allow the team to perform iterative simulations accurately predicting solar performance of the screen, optimizing the profile, form, and performance of the sunshade system.
Annual Green Supplement
Passive House Design Standards and Community Carbon Neutrality
by Jim Newman A passive house (PH) is a building that tactfully uses building orientation, thermal massing, passive heating/cooling, and daylighting to greatly reduce its energy needs. Though the name suggests that most certified passive house projects are residential, a passive house does not necessarily mean the building must be a “house” per se. Passive house certification is available for most building types, including commercial, educational and multi-family projects and is increasing in popularity each year. Municipalities are beginning to look at the passive house certification as a new building/zoning requirement to aid in reaching municipal greenhouse gas reduction targets. Project developers are also looking for ways to increase the energy efficiency of projects by incorporating passive building techniques into their early design strategies, regardless of whether PH certification is a goal. Getting to a carbon neutral community In the march toward carbon-neutral communities, , more strict and extensive building efficiency requirements are becoming important tools. A number of city climate action plans around the US call for progressively more strict efficiency requirements on new building projects. Cities are definitely looking at Passive House certification requirements to meet these new requirements. Design basics of passive house • Building orientation. Orienting the building and living spaces in an ideal alignment with the sun will drive the energy use of the building. The latitude, the angle of the sun as it hits the building, and the building’s massing can greatly impact how interior temperatures are maintained. • Building massing, The size, shape and material of a building can have a huge impact on how energy is transferred, stored, and held within the space. Depending on the climate and design, proper orientation and massing alone can help to maintain a constant indoor temperature with little need for additional heating and cooling. • Passive heating, When the building is properly aligned with the sun, solar radiation can be used as the first heating source for the building. As the sun’s energy heats up the space
through windows (on the south side in the northern hemisphere), massing and structure can capture and hold this energy and warm the space without mechanical systems. • Passive cooling. Natural ventilation, air-cooling, and shading can greatly reduce the need for mechanical cooling. Opening windows on cool nights can not only help to reduce interior temperatures but also brings in fresh air directly to the living space. The use of evaporative and geothermal cooling strategies can also help to keep the building comfortable. Solar shading can be used in addition to other passive cooling techniques to minimize solar radiation and glare throughout the summer. • Lighting/daylighting. Unless there is too much direct sunlight causing glare, most people typically prefer natural light to artificial light. Proper placement of windows and orientation of the building can maximize the building’s ability to capture natural light and minimize the need for artificial light. • Design program. With proper layout of the rooms, spaces that are used most often can take advantage of daylighting, passive heating/cooling, massing and orientation. Typically living rooms, kitchens, and other gathering spaces are better placed in areas with desirable views and/or the south side of the building to take advantage of passive strategies directly.
• Air tightness. Passive house certification and passive building design, require an airtight building envelope, which limits uncontrolled leaking and allows only a low level of ACH (air changes per hour) for healthy indoor air quality. Passive House Institute US’s Building Standard provides an approachable solution to reducing energy and costs while maintaining comfort. Can passive house design standards help communities? Communities coming to grips with the
need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to maintain and enhance quality of life to community members have moved to find ways to reduce those emission related to buildings. This is one of the few sources of emissions that communities have control over. Certification systems such as passive house, which are aimed squarely at radical reduction of energy use have become key tools for these communities. Jim Newman is Partner at Linnean Solutions, LLC.
If You Build it . . . Will it be Resilient, Equitable, and Healthy?
by Alana Spencer Be a sustainability catalyst, for your team, project, company — it’s everyone’s responsibility. Our responsibility includes design for buildings and spaces that incorporate resiliency, social equity, and health/wellness strategies. Design, construction, and operations teams must evaluate the risks (short- and long-term) their buildings and spaces will face in their climate region, as climate changes with increased severity of natural disasters, economic inequality, and increased global warming potential. Resilient Designers, planners, owners, operators should plan for a wide range of natural disasters or disturbances as well as consider longer-term trends affecting building
Federal Courthouse, Harrisburg, Pa. Target: LEED Gold with 65%+ GHG reduction, resilient/climate adaptive to region, community-minded SITES design
performance such as changing climate conditions. Resilient design is identifying the potential risks that could affect the site and how to address these issues for mitigation, business continuity, disaster preparedness, and post-disaster recovery. To encapsulate resilient design for climate changes, here are strategies that should be addressed at early stages to be implemented into design to ensure reasonable building functionality through climate change.
Mitigation and adaptation measures for reducing emissions of a project, stabilizing the levels of heat-trapping greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and adapting to the climate change: • Low-carbon building design and construction. • High-performing building envelope. • All-electric building; smart-grid ready. • Energy recovery ventilation. continued to page 14
Annual Green Supplement
Promoting Urban Biodiversity Through the Built Environment
by Blake Jackson The demand for urban living is only expected to rise with 68% the world’s population projected to live in cities by 2050, according to United Nations data. As designers and planners, we have a responsibility to not only prepare our cities for growth, but also ensure this development doesn’t come at the price of designing nature completely out of our cities. Incorporating wildlife habitats into urban developments and infrastructure is an imperative for the balance of our ecosystem, for our own well-being, and, frankly, for our survival. We depend on nature for food, to provide and filter our air, to provide us with sources of water, and for overall well-being. How then can cities be designed for people and nature to coexist symbiotically? This will rely on a combination of macro and micro strategies being implemented over a long period of time. Luckily, many of these initiatives are underway in cities across the globe, providing an opportunity for broad adoption here at home: Bird collisions Since our most populous cities align with migratory paths, glass architecture causes millions of bird collisions and deaths annually. Some cities, however, are looking to reverse this trend. In 2011, San Francisco was the first city to require birdsafe buildings. Strategies such as limiting glazing proportions and technologies with embedded patterns only visible to birds have reduced collisions. Bird habitats The swift population in the United Kingdom once had a symbiotic relationship with cities when all buildings had functional chimneys, providing nesting habitats during summers when not in use. However, since chimneys have gone out of fashion, the swift population has diminished. There are growing efforts across the UK to introduce fauxchimneys, nest boxes, and even buildings with specially designed nesting bricks to support swift habitats. Bat habitats While broadly losing habitat, some cities embrace bat culture. The bat population in Austin, Texas, is as famous as the 6th Street music scene. The Congress Avenue Bridge houses over 2 million bats, as its design is (unintentionally) perfect for these nocturnal creatures, providing cool, dark conditions. One of Austin’s major sunset attractions is to watch them leaving in a constant stream.
Green roofs help reduce the urban heat island effect, while providing natural habitats for both humans and wildlife to thrive / photo: Stantec
Beekeeping Urban beekeeping has been a growing trend around the country, providing a safe space for the bees, a benefit to humans, and a crucial element in the health of adjacent parks/green roofs. For example, the Boston Seaport Hotel houses a rooftop beehive where honey produced is used in the restaurant. Animals on the move Our transportation network is responsible
for countless animal fatalities. But some communities are working to address this challenge. The Montana Department of Transportation worked with the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes on a highway-widening project to create 41 fish and wildlife underpasses and overpasses. These connections establish spatial continuity for native animals, which has also proven to benefit humans by helping to avoid loss of life and property damage from animal collisions.
Green roofs Many U.S. cities, such as Denver and Chicago, are requiring that new construction and major renovation projects must incorporate green rooftops. This not only benefits the building through increased insulation and heat island reduction, but it also provides a space for migratory birds and plant life to reintegrate into the urban context — a benefit for each. Tactics like these also offer human benefits through education, appreciation, and, in some instances, job creation. More importantly, they can also increase resiliency and biophilia — each lacking across all urbanized environments. The aforementioned green roof policies support enhanced stormwater management practices and reduce GHG emissions in buildings. From a mental health perspective, views onto nature have been proven to support better concentration and stress relief. Despite great odds, nature seeks balance relentlessly. It thrives in the oddest places. Humans forget they too are part of nature. There is no reason why we cannot thrive together with nature, not at the expense of one over the other. Blake Jackson, AIA, LEED/WELL, is a member of the Stantec faculty.
If You Build it . . . Will it be Resilient, Equitable, and Healthy? continued from page 13
• Daylighting/lighting/controls. • Critical systems located higher than flood plain. • Onsite renewables with storage. Rising sea levels and more frequent extreme storms increase the probability of coastal and river flooding: • Watertight utility conduits. • Hardened/resilient ground-floor construction. • Increased infiltration design through landscape architecture. • Stormwater back-flow prevention. • Raise surrounding site elevation to prevent flooding. Strategies that would support rapid recovery after a weather event and accommodate future building changes that respond to climate change: • Temporary shutters and or barricades. • Resilient site design, materials, and construction. • Solar thermal. • Back-up energy systems and fuel. • Potable water/wastewater storage. Social equity As many communities prosper, the disparity of social equity can be the result: Lack of affordable housing, fewer
affordable educational opportunities, and less availability of living-wage employment are some of the negative effects. Shining a light on social equity directs projects to address inequalities in access and social inequities within a project’s community. The goals of being equitable include creating fairer, healthier, more supportive communities; responding to needs of surrounding community for just distribution of benefits; and promoting human rights and equity practices for vulnerable/ disadvantaged communities. • Include affordable housing in residential projects; exclude local requirements. • Employ local workforce in design, construction, and operations. • Engage in community work programs. • Set pay at or above a living-wage. To support meaningful transformation, project teams must begin to understand the various parts of the communities, its needs, and to propose ways within the project that address inequities. Effective community engagement is critical for development and implementation of social equity measures.
Health and wellness High-performing, socially equitable design inevitably should encompass health and wellness-promoting features and be a driver in planning, design, construction, and operations. The connection between buildings/ spaces and their health strategies should positively impact us as occupants, residents, and employees. Improved indoor air quality; enhanced water quality; promotion of healthy eating habits; lighting/surroundings to improve energy, mood, and productivity; encouragement of physical activity in daily life; distraction-free, productive, and comfortable indoor environment; and promotion of mental/emotional health all play a vital aspect of sustainable design. Bringing it all together As the sustainability catalyst, you’ll bring these crucial elements to fruition through proactive early analysis, compelling engagement, and sheer perseverance with strong goals rooted in resilient design, social equity and health/wellness. Alana Spencer is the sustainability leader at Vanderweil Engineers.
Annual Green Supplement
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