Issuu on Google+


關鍵新聞

March 2010

107

No.

醫療健康 MEDICINE

News Briefs

南佛羅里達大學的一組科學家聲稱手機釋出的電 磁波可以防止老鼠的阿茲海默症。他們的研究也顯示 較老的老鼠在接受電波治療後,失智情況獲得某種程 度的逆轉。這項發現使得科學家在預防與治療阿茲海 默症方面有了令人振奮的新領域可探究。

Cell Phones Fight 1 Alzheimer’s?

手機電磁波有助治療阿茲海默症? A team of scientists at the University of South Florida claim that the waves emitted2 from cell phones prevent Alzheimer’s disease in mice. Their study also showed that cognitive3 loss in older mice was reversed4 to some degree after being treated with the waves. This discovery has given scientists an exciting new area to research for Alzheimer’s prevention and treatment. 教育學習 EDUCATION

字彙 Vocabulary 1. Alzheimer’s (disease) [`3lts%ha6m0z] [d6`ziz] n. 阿茲海默症(俗稱「老年痴呆症」) 2. emit

[6`m6t] v.

散發;發出

3. cognitive [`k3gn4t6v] adj. 認知的(cognitive loss 指「失智;認知喪失」)

4. reverse

[r6`v-s] v.

使倒轉;翻轉

數學神童艾倫.費南德茲被劍橋獲准入學,而他 只有十四歲。這位在家自學的天才只需要通過物理學 的預科考測驗即可確保其地位。這點對這個在劍橋艱 深的入學考試和數學預科考都獲得頂尖成績的男孩來 說應該不成問題。

14-Year-Old Going to Cambridge 兩百三十年來第一人 十四歲神童上劍橋

字彙 Vocabulary

1

Math prodigy Arran Fernandez has been offered a place at Cambridge University, and he is just fourteen years old. This home-schooled2 genius only needs to pass his physics3 A-level to secure4 his spot. It should be no problem for the boy who aced Cambridge’s tough entrance exam and his math A-levels.

1. prodigy

[`pr3d4d.6] n.

天才;神童

2. home-school [`hom%skul] v. 在家自學(homeschooled 當形容詞指「在家自學的」) 3. physics 4. secure

[`f6z6ks] n.

[s6`kjur] v.

物理學

使確保可靠

台灣與英國學制對比 學年

6年

3年

3年

4年

台灣

小學

國中

高中

年齡

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

學士學位

18+ 2年

碩士學位

3年

博士學位

英國

school year

Primary School [`pra6%m5r6]

6 Years

小學

High School 中學

GCSE Course + Examinations A-Level Course + Examinations

3 Years 2 Years 2 Years

Bachelor

3 Years

Master

1 Year

Ph.D.

3 Years

GCSE course 為英國中學課程的延 伸,學生必須選擇八到十二門多元課 程,學習兩年後接受考試,通過才能開 始唸 A-Levels 課程。 A-Level 全名 Advanced Level , 為英國的大學預科課程,學生通常需選 擇四到六門專業課程,研讀兩年後考 預科考,其成績為申請大學的必要條 件。因為需要考許多科,也常用複數 A-Levels 來表示。

圖片來源:flickr


國際焦點 FOCUS

Live 生活部落收錄 CNN 相關報導

1

Haiti in Chaos

海地大地震 救災重建前途艱辛 On January 12, 2010, an earthquake measuring 7.0 hit Haiti, destroying an already poor country. Millions of people were left without homes, food, or water, and hundreds of thousands were killed. Aid groups around the world responded, sending people, supplies, and more than US$200 million. Taiwan offered help in the form of 2,000 kg of medical supplies and equipment,2 fourteen rescue3 specialists,4 and two skilled sniffer5 dogs. However, the roads were blocked, telephone systems were down, and Haiti had only one working runway.6 This made it very difficult to bring help to the people who needed it. Even as the rebuilding begins, Haiti will continue to need aid to recover from this terrible disaster.7

2010 年一月十二日,一起七級地震襲擊海地,重 創這個本就貧困的國家。數百萬人因此失去了家園、 糧食或水,並有數十萬人罹難。全球各地的救援團體 群起響應,送出人力、補給品和兩億多美元。台灣提 供的援助為兩千公斤的醫療補給及裝備、十四位救難 專家和兩隻訓練有素的嗅探犬。但道路受阻中斷,電 話系統不通,而海地僅有一條機場跑道尚可使用。這 使得救援難以抵達有需求的民眾手中。雖然重建已開 始,海地仍持續需要協助以從這場重大災難中復原。

字彙 Vocabulary 1. chaos

[`ke3s] n.

2. equipment 3. rescue

[6`kw6pm4nt] n.

[`r5skju] n.

4. specialist 5. sniffer

混亂

援救

[`sp5]4l6st] n.

[`sn6f0] n.

裝備;設備

專家

嗅探器(sniffer dog 指用來找出

毒品或受難者氣味的「嗅探犬」)

6. runway

[`r9n%we] n.

7. disaster

機場跑道

[d6`z1st0] n.

災難;天災

自然環境 ENVIRONMENT

The Winter of Record Colds 寒冬創紀錄 全球冰河期? The entire northern hemisphere was affected by record lows and snows. Heavy snowfalls blanketed the UK, disrupting1 transportation2 systems and electrical power. The Eurostar high-speed rail3 service, which runs between London and Paris, was shut down for several days in December and January. Even sunny Florida had freezing temperatures. The cause of the cold was an effect called arctic oscillation. Pressures over Greenland pushed the cold Arctic air much further south than usual. While some scientists say that this harsh winter was just a weather phenomenon,4 others warn that this may be the beginning of a mini ice age. Positive Phase 正相位 北極上空有一個逆時針環 流,當北極氣壓低、中緯度 氣壓高時,環流增強,鎖住 冷空氣,使得北半球中緯度 地區變暖。

整個北半球都受到破紀錄的低溫和大雪影響。大 雪籠罩英國,使得交通運輸系統和電力中斷。行駛於 倫敦到巴黎之間的歐洲之星高速列車在十二月和一月 也停駛了好幾天。連晴朗的佛羅里達州也有凍結的低 溫。寒冷的原因是一種稱為「北極震盪」的效應。格 陵蘭島上方的氣壓把寒冷的北極風推到比平常更南的 地方。雖然有些科學家說這個嚴寒的冬季只是一種天 氣現象,其他科學家則提出警告說這可能是迷你冰河 期的開端。

arctic oscillation [`3rkt6k] [%3sy`e]4n] 北極震盪

字彙 Vocabulary 1. disrupt

[d6s`r9pt] v.

2. transportation 3. rail

[rel] n.

打斷;中止

[%tr1nsp0`te]4n] n.

交通運輸

鐵路

4. phenomenon

[f4`n3m4%n3n] n.

現象

Negative Phase 負相位 2010 年初,北極、格陵蘭 區氣壓變高,中緯度氣壓相 對較低,使環流變弱,冷空 氣往下吹到北半球中緯度地 區,造成低溫。


2010 Contents

March No.107

Live Interactive English

09

20

焦點話題

會話

6-7 / 慢速 MP3 - 32-33 55-56

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

主題式會話

• flower festival 花季 • Taiwan Lantern Festival 台灣燈會

In the Mood for Pizza

• 3-D film 3D 電影

點披薩

10 食物

1-2 / 慢速 MP3 - 27-28 課程講解》MP3 - 50-51

How would you like a big slice of pizza loaded with delicious toppings? We’ll give you the useful words and phrases you need to order the right pizza for you.

精選月讀誌

學會實用點餐句和披薩字彙,輕鬆享受美味披薩。

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 -

生活部落

Our Favorite Fruit, the Banana 香蕉密碼 With great flavor, hundreds of serving choices, and amazing health benefits, it’s no wonder that bananas are the world’s favorite fruit! 你愛吃香蕉嗎?這種廣受歡迎的水果 不僅營養豐富,還有許多意想不到的 吃法和趣聞喔!

14 知識

互動光碟收錄真人影片

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

52

3 / 慢速 MP3 - 29

東西方英語小學堂

Are You Smarter Than an Elementary School Student? 東西方英語小學堂 Answer questions about science, English, math, and a very special festival to prove that you are smarter than an elementary school student. 別小看現在小學生的常識,這些題測可能沒有你想像的這麼容易喔。

24 文化

8-9 / 慢速 MP3 - 34-35 57-58

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

文化大觀園

Crazy and Comical Contests 怪怪比賽大集合 The world is filled with fun contests, and we’ll show you a few that may be the funniest and strangest. 世界無奇不有,各種怪怪比賽保證令你大開眼界!

28 科學

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

59

10 / 慢速 MP3 - 36

克漏字

Cloze Test:

Tongue

Words on the Tip of Your

文字有味道? When wires get crossed in the brain, you end up with people who hear colors and taste words. Improve your Cloze Test skills while learning all about this crazy condition. 看文字就能嚐得到味道嗎?對某些人來說確實如此,來看看這是怎 麼回事。

16 動物

4-5 / 慢速 MP3 - 30-31 53-54

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

國家地理頻道

Super Cats 超級大貓 Join us as we take a look at what makes lions, tigers, and leopards some of the world’s deadliest hunters. 被稱為天生殺手的獅子、老虎和豹,到底具備什麼秘密武器呢?帶你 一探這些迷人生物的驚人特質。

30 歌劇

11-13 / 慢速 MP3 - 37-39 60-62

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

經典歌劇選

The Elixir of Love 董尼才第之《愛情靈藥》 A poor farmer falls in love with a beautiful, rich woman. Can he win her love with a magical potion, or will he give up everything for nothing? 《愛情靈藥》是義大利名歌劇作曲家董尼才第三十五歲 時的喜劇作品,膾炙人口的情節為其贏得大師地位。


每天課程都有約 25 分鐘的中外籍老師講解喔!你可以利用三種方式收聽: 網路下載教學 MP3 www.liveabc.com

使用互動光碟

36 健康

14-15 / 慢速 MP3 - 40-41 63-64

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

生活保健

Live 生活部落有更多補充資訊喔! golive.liveabc.com

51 旅遊

21-23 / 慢速 MP3 - 47-49 70-72

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

旅遊好趣處

生活部落

Memory Aids to Remember

Best Budget Destinations for 2010

記憶力保鮮訣竅

全球搶便宜旅遊景點搜秘

In this helpful article, you can learn how to improve your memory now and have it last well into your old age.

Do you want to travel but don’t have a lot of money? We’ll show you places around the world where a little money goes a long way.

到底是哪些因素影響你的記憶力,改善良 方是……

預算有限的旅人如何快樂成行?讓背包客聖經——寂寞星球挑出的五大 省錢旅遊景點幫助你。

40

58

生活

16-17 / 慢速 MP3 - 42-43 65-66

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

生活情境對話

潮流

Showing Comfort 情真意切的英語安慰

Playing for Points 互動光碟收錄真人影片

Carl is recovering from surgery and Bethany stops by to offer comfort. However, the tables turn when Bethany shares some bad news. 探訪術後在家休養的人,或者朋友心情不好時,安慰人的英語不能不 學。

43 文法

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

67

18 / 慢速 MP3 - 44

翻譯練習

Translation Practice

46 科技

發燒情報站

19-20 / 慢速 MP3 - 45-46 課程講解》MP3 - 68-69 課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 -

創新科技

A Taste of the Future

瘋集點 Taiwan is point-collecting crazy! Read on to find out how you can take advantage of this trend to enrich your life. 集點活動是熱門的行銷手法和推廣活動的好方式,而且現在集點可換 的東西可不只有可愛贈品喔!

79 電影

熱門新片

Alice in Wonderland 《魔境夢遊》

互動光碟收錄電影預告

When Alice is transported to Wonderland ten years after her last visit, she finds the world and the people she once knew in danger. 愛麗絲長大後重回當年掉入的魔境世界,為了解救老朋友,她再次經 歷一場瘋狂的奇幻冒險。快來先賭為快!

未來商品駕臨 The future is here! These awesome products will make you feel like you’re living in a sci-fi movie. 科幻小說電影中才會出現的產品,許多已經成真了,本文帶你體驗這 些未來商品!

50 歌曲

互動光碟收錄精彩 MV

唱歌學英語

Studying English with Songs:

Stewart Mac— I Love You 史都華麥克:〈我愛你〉

本期互動光碟另收錄精采預告片:

Clash of the Titans 《超世紀封神榜》

60 General English Proficiency Test 全民英檢中級模擬試題 67 Chinese Translation 中文翻譯 73 GEPT Answer Key 全民英檢模擬試題解答


2010 March No.107 1

焦點

UNIT 1

UNIT 1

UNIT 2

UNIT 3

UNIT 3

香蕉密碼

香蕉密碼

東西方 英語小學堂

超級大貓

超級大貓

生活部落

8 主題式會話

9

主題式會話

UNIT 4

p. 10

生活部落

p. 14

朗讀 CD/MP3 5 講解 MP3 54

p. 16

Live 關鍵 新聞

p. 18

12 克漏字

13 音樂

UNIT 4

UNIT 5

UNIT 5

UNIT 6

點披薩

點披薩

怪怪比賽大集合 怪怪比賽大集合 文字有味道?

來店點餐

電話訂餐 / 晚餐送達

史都華麥 克:〈我愛 你〉

p. 22

朗讀 CD/MP3 8 講解 MP3 57

p. 23

朗讀 CD/MP3 9 講解 MP3 58

p. 24

朗讀 CD/MP3 10 講解 MP3 59

p. 26

17 經典歌劇選

18 生活保健

19 生活保健

20 英檢

UNIT 7

UNIT 7

UNIT 8

UNIT 8

全民英檢中 級模擬試題 聽力測驗

朗讀 CD/MP3 13 講解 MP3 62

朗讀 CD/MP3 14 講解 MP3 63

朗讀 CD/MP3 15 講解 MP3 64

董尼才第之《愛 董尼才第之《愛 董尼才第之《愛 記憶力保鮮訣竅 記憶力保鮮訣竅 情靈藥》 情靈藥》 情靈藥》

p. 30

p. 32

p. 34

p. 36

27電影

24 翻譯練習

25 創新科技

26 創新科技

全民英檢中 級模擬試題 UNIT 9 情真意切的英語 閱讀測驗

UNIT 9

UNIT 10

UNIT 11

UNIT 11

安慰

情真意切的英語 翻譯練習 安慰

未來商品駕臨

未來商品駕臨

慰問病人

傾聽心聲

p. 64

p. 40

29 旅遊好趣處

朗讀 CD/MP3 17 講解 MP3 66

p. 41

UNIT 12

朗讀 CD/MP3 19 講解 MP3 68

p. 43

30 旅遊好趣處

31 旅遊好趣處

UNIT 12

UNIT 12

朗讀 CD/MP3 22 講解 MP3 71

朗讀 CD/MP3 21 講解 MP3 70

朗讀 CD/MP3 18 講解 MP3 67

朗讀 CD/MP3 20 講解 MP3 69

p. 46

p. 60

p. 38

23 生活情境對話

朗讀 CD/MP3 16 講解 MP3 65

28

p. 50

p. 28

16 經典歌劇選 朗讀 CD/MP3 12 講解 MP3 61

21英檢 22 生活情境對話

p. 4

11 文化大觀園

UNIT 7

p. 58

新聞

10 文化大觀園

朗讀 CD/MP3 7 講解 MP3 56

朗讀 CD/MP3 11 講解 MP3 60

p. 12

6

國家地理頻道

朗讀 CD/MP3 4 講解 MP3 53

14 發燒 15 經典歌劇選 瘋集點

5

朗讀 CD/MP3 3 講解 MP3 52

p. 9

國家地理頻道

朗讀 CD/MP3 2 講解 MP3 51

朗讀 CD/MP3 6 講解 MP3 55

焦點話題

3 東西方英語小學堂 4

精選月讀誌

朗讀 CD/MP3 1 講解 MP3 50

7

2

精選月讀誌

這是我們為你每月精心調配的學習菜單,營養百 分百。學習貴在有恆,天天都要互動喲!

《魔境夢遊》

p. 48

p. 79

朗讀 CD/MP3 23 講解 MP3 72

全球搶便宜旅遊 全球搶便宜旅遊 全球搶便宜旅遊 景點搜秘 景點搜秘 景點搜秘

週 考 範 圍

生活部落

p. 52

生活部落

p. 54

生活部落

p. 56

第一週週考 UNITS 1–3

pp. 10–19

第二週週考 UNITS 4–6

pp. 22–29

第三週週考 UNITS 7–8

pp. 30–39

第四週週考 UNITS 9–12

pp. 40–57

生活部落 在網站

http://golive.liveabc.com 上面有更多的補充資訊喔!

閱讀單元的難易度 朗讀 CD/MP3 1

課文朗讀正常速

講解 MP3 50

課程講解 和高中課本相關


Taiwan Lantern Festival 台灣燈會 在進入本月內容之前,我們先來看 看這陣子熱門的話題有哪些吧。

Most Popular Topics 3-D film 3D電影 電影《阿凡達》打破多項影史記錄,更開啟 3D 影像新 紀元,快來看看 3D 電影的相關英語有哪些。

3-D glasses 3D 眼鏡 u motion capture [`mo]4n] [`k1pt]0]

2010 台灣燈會二月二十八日在嘉義盛大展開!台灣燈 會曾被 Discovery 頻道評為世界最佳節慶活動之一。今 年主燈「福臨寶島」搭配電腦燈光秀,更顯絢麗美感。 一起來學燈會英語!

u

u

u

computer-generated imagery [`d.5n4%ret6d] [`6m6d.(4)r6] 電腦繪製的影像 IMAX [`a6`m1ks]

u

Chinese zodiac animals [`zod6%1k]

u

display [d6`sple]

u

craft [kr1ft]

u

parade [p4`red]

動態捕捉

巨幕電影(特色為高解析度及超大螢幕)

When Jasper put on the 3-D glasses, he felt like he was in the movie, not just watching it. 賈斯伯戴上 3D 眼鏡時感覺自己像是置身電影中,

中國生肖

展示;陳列

手工藝 遊行

Some people had made a display of lanterns shaped like the animals from the Chinese zodiac.

而不只是在看電影。

有些人展出狀似中國生肖的燈籠。

flower festival 花季 三月春暖花開,各地花季相繼登場,像是陽明 山的杜鵑、海芋、阿里山的櫻花、苗栗的桐花 等。今年遇上國際花卉博覽會,必定讓花季活 動更加繽紛熱鬧。賞花前一定要學會這些花卉

u

azalea [4`zelj4]

杜鵑花

u

calla lily [`k1l4] [`l6l6]

海芋

u

tung tree blossom

油桐花

相關英語: u

Taipei International Flora Exposition [%6nt0`n1]4ny] [`flor4] [%5ksp4`z6]4n] 台北國際花卉博覽會(官方簡稱為 Taipei Int’l Flora Expo)

I took pictures of the cherry blossoms as they fell from the trees. 我拍下櫻花從樹上飄落的樣子。

cherry blossom [`t]5r6] [`bl3s4m] 櫻花

u

9 圖片來源:flickr

圖片提供:交通部觀光局


精選月讀誌

UNIT 1

生活部落

Our Favorite Fruit, the

Banana

香蕉密碼

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 -

1

課程講解》MP3 -

Y

OU

50

—Brian Foden

1 / 慢速 MP3 - 27

pick up the yellow fruit, take

hold of the stem, 1 and slowly peel the

thick skin off to reveal the white meat beneath. With one mushyu bite, you’re hooked.2 The banana’s lightly 05

sweet flavor, convenient packaging, and versatilityu have made it one of the most popular foods in the world. We don’t always eat bananas fresh. Many cultures have found special ways to serve this tasty fruit. How about trying some grilled or fried? The heat really brings out the flavor. For a

10

sweeter treat, you can take a bite of banana cake. One popular treat that has been around for more than 100 years is the banana †

split. To make it, cut a banana in half and top it with three scoops3 of ice cream, some whipped cream, and a cherry. In addition to a delicious taste, bananas have lots of health 15

benefits.4 Loaded with Vitaminsh A, B, C, and E, this fruit is also high in potassiumh and low in salt. Eating bananas has been shown to reduce the risk5 of heart disease and cancer. It also helps control blood pressure. Furthermore, chemicalsh in bananas can improve your mood and give you energy. * 中文翻譯請參閱第 67 頁

10 圖片來源:flickr


Our Favorite Fruit, the Banana •

關鍵解析 Language Notes

1. beneath vs. under

「底下」怎麼分

beneath [b6`niq] 使 用 情 境

1. 當副詞,表「在下方; 在下層」

2. 當介系詞,表示「下 面;下層」

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

stem [st5m] n.

2.

1. 當介系詞,指「在某種 2. 表示「幾歲以下」

hooked [h8kt] adj.

3. scoop

* 4.

[skup] n.

一勺;一匙

benefit [`b5n4f6t] n.

益處

After hearing the benefits of the plan, I agreed to help.

• Bettina chose the shirt beneath the top one to try on. * 5.

risk [r6sk] n.

風險

The trip through Africa sounds fun, but have you thought about the risks?

• Under the new law, companies must pay their workers at least NT$95 an hour. 根據新法,公司必須付給員工至少台幣九十五元的時薪。

在美國,未滿二十一歲的人禁止買酒。

入迷的;成癮的

Every morning, Marion feeds her dog one scoop of dry food from this bag.

• Sam looked out of the plane at the mountains beneath.

• In the United States, those under twenty-one are not allowed to buy alcohol.

柄;(植物的)莖

Donnie is hooked on a new video game that his brother gave him.

情況;依據某規定」

貝蒂娜選擇試穿第一件下面的那件襯衫。

*為大考出現過的字彙

Lester pulled a grape from the stem, threw it into the air, and caught it in his mouth.

under

山姆在飛機內望向下方的山脈。

Food

† 為補充說明

u 字彙小筆記:僅供參考

u

u

mushy [`m9]6] adj.

柔軟的

versatility [%v-s4`t6l4t6] n. 多用途;多才多藝 † banana split [spl6t] 指「香蕉船」, 此甜點源於美國。常見配料有香草、草

2. 常見烹調方式的英文

莓、巧克力冰淇淋和打發的奶油 (whipped cream)。

grill [gr6l]

fry [fra6]

(用火)燒烤

煎;炸

營養小辭典

• The cook fried the fish, and we ate it with rice and some vegetables. 廚師煎了魚,然後我們吃魚配飯和一些蔬菜。

bake [bek]

steam [stim]

boil [b76l]

烘焙(麵包、甜點)

水煮

h h h

vitamin [`va6t4m6n] n. 維他命 potassium [p4`t1s64m] n. 鉀 chemical [`k5m6ky] n. 化學物質

Give It a Try

請依據中文完成以下名言。

q 未經冒險的獲取就好比沒有榮耀的勝利。 “To win without __________ is to triumph without

Extra Information 世界首席香蕉達人丹恩 ‧ 凱波 (Dan Koeppel)在《香蕉密碼》一 書中,透過一趟香蕉之旅,從中理出 一條迷人又具深度的香蕉歷史,並揭 露美國香蕉霸主的複雜過往,及全球 為了克服危及香蕉存活的病害所作的 努力。想知道香蕉還有什麼秘密,快 上 Live 生活部落參加活動拿贈書。

glory.”

—Pierre Corneille(皮埃爾.高乃依)

w 千里之行,始於足下。 “The journey of a thousand leagues begins from

__________ your feet.” —老子 e 根據自然法則,所有人生而自由……。 “__________ the law of nature, all men are born

free . . . ”

—Thomas Jefferson(湯瑪斯.傑弗遜) * 答案請參閱第 67 頁

11 參考資料及贈書提供:馥林文化


UNIT 1

2

精選月讀誌

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

51

2 / 慢速 MP3 - 28

Bananas are so common that most

Monkeys are often shown to love

people don’t think about them very often.

bananas, but humans love them so much

However, there are a lot of interesting banana

05

15

facts. For example, bananas don’t grow

fruit. They are also the fourth largest

1

agriculturalu product in the world, following

plant that is actually an herb.u The fruit is

rice, wheat,3 and corn. In some countries,

considered a berry.2 Almost all the bananas

bananas are an important part of the diet and

on trees. Rather, they grow on a tropical

we eat are seedless, but wild bananas have

20

many hard seeds, making them difficult 10

that they have become our most popular

Sadly, bananas are being threatened4

to eat. Although hundreds of varieties of

by the Panama Disease, which is a fungusu

bananas exist, the most commonly eaten

in the soil that destroys 5 banana plants.

one is called the Cavendish banana.

If this disease continues to spread, it will 25

This tasty fruit isn’t just for monkeys!

15

are cooked like potatoes.

greatly reduce the amount of bananas that are available. Scientists are looking for a way to control the disease through genetic engineering so we can still enjoy this wonderful fruit in the future. * 中文翻譯請參閱第 67 頁

I’m fighting against the terrible Panama Disease!

12


Our Favorite Fruit, the Banana •

Food

關鍵解析 Language Notes

They are also . . .

長句分析

本句用到兩個特殊用法,以下列出全句逐項解析:

b a They are also the fourth largest agricultural product in the world, following rice, wheat, and corn. a 「the + 序數 + 形容詞最高級」表示「第幾……的」,如文中 the fourth largest 指「第四大的」。

• Chris is the third shortest boy on the basketball team, but he is the best player. 克里斯是籃球隊裡第三矮的男生,但他是最佳球員。

b 動詞 follow 此指「接在……之後」,常用分詞構句 following + N.,說明「某人事物(排名)次於……」。

• Margot got fourth place in the contest, following two men from Brazil and a woman from Scotland. 瑪歌在比賽中得到第四名,僅次於兩位來自巴西的男士和一位蘇格蘭的女士。

+ 這兩個用法常搭配使用。再來看個例句。 • Taipei 101 is the second tallest building in the world, following the Burj Khalifa. 台北一○一是世界上第二高的建築,僅次於哈里發塔。

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

tropical [`tr3p6ky] adj.

*為大考出現過的字彙

熱帶的

Pineapple is my favorite tropical fruit because it is so sweet. 2.

berry [`b5r6] n.

莓果

At this farm, you can pick all kinds of berries and vegetables. 3.

wheat [hw6t] n.

小麥

There are many people who can’t eat wheat, so they avoid many kinds of bread and noodles. * 4.

* 5.

threaten [`qr5tx] v.

威脅

Extra Information 以前人們最常吃的香蕉品種為大麥克(Gros Michel),它在 1960 年代受到巴拿馬病(Panama D i s e a s e , 又 稱 香 蕉 黃 葉 病 )侵 襲 而 絕 種 。 現 今 我們吃的香蕉叫做華蕉(Cavendish banana [`k1v4nd6]]),但它並未對巴拿馬病完全免疫。專家正 設法透過基因工程( genetic engineering)來改造 基因,希望創造出不受巴拿馬病影響的品種。

Give It a Try

根據下列排名,以本日所學句型完成句子。

When Nadia was threatened by her coworker, she went to the police.

Fastest land animals: 1. cheetah, 2. pronghorn antelope, 3. wildebeest, 4. lion

destroy [d6`str76] v.

q The pronghorn antelope is _______________

毀滅;破壞

The fire destroyed the garage, but the house was mostly OK.

land animal, following the ________________. w The lion is ___________________ land animal,

u 字彙小筆記:僅供參考

* u herb

[-b] n.

* u agricultural

________________________________________ _______________________________________.

草本植物

[%1gr6`k9lt]4r4l] adj. u fungus [`f9;g4s] n. 真菌

農業的

* 答案請參閱第 67 頁

13 圖片來源:flickr


主題式會話

聽力訓練

In the Mood for Pizza 1

點披薩

重要學習:

1. 點餐實用句:想點美味披薩,學會這些句子輕鬆搞定! 2. 情境練習:配合模擬對話,馬上練習絕對加深印象。 3. 披薩配料圖解:看看經典的披薩種類和配料有哪些。

點餐實用句

到店內或打電話點披薩,或想聽懂店員的回應,都可現學現用喔。

顧客點餐 Customer q

Hi. I’d like to place an order for a medium pizza. 嗨。我要點一個中的披薩。

w

Do you have any specials going on right now?

店員服務 Clerk q

要外送還是外帶? w

你們現在有什麼特餐嗎? e r t

e

How long will my pizza take to get here? 我的披薩送到這裡要多久時間?

Extra toppings are $1.00 each. 額外配料每項是一美元。

What comes on the Hawaiian pizza? 夏威夷披薩有什麼餡料?

If you buy a large Meat Lover’s pizza, you get a second for half price.

如果您點一個大的肉食者天堂披薩,第二個 半價。

How much are extra toppings? 額外的配料是多少錢?

Will this be for delivery or takeout?

r

It has a tomato-sauce base, cheese, pineapple, and Canadian bacon.

它有蕃茄醬餅皮、起司、鳳梨和加拿大培根。

t

You can expect the pizza in about thirty minutes. 您的披薩預計約三十分鐘後到。

情境練習 B Bill

請根據對話上下文填入正確答案。

C Clerk

Bill is in the middle of ordering a pizza. a. Extra toppings are $1.00 each. B: I’d like a large pepperoni pizza. b. You can get a C: We have a special going this week. __(1)__ second large pizza B: No thanks. But I would like to add mushrooms. for half price. C: __(2)__ Is that OK? c. How long will my B: That sounds fine. __(3)__ pizza take to get C: You can expect it in about forty-five minutes. here? 20

*答案請參閱第 68 頁


Daily Conversation

In the Mood for Pizza•

披薩配料圖解

常見披薩品項和配料的英語該怎麼說呢?

Toppings [`t3p6;z]

pepperoni [%p5p0`ron6]

配料

義大利辣味香腸

onion [`9nj4n] green pea [pi]

ham [h1m] 火腿 / Canadian bacon [`bek4n] 加拿大培根

洋蔥

pineapple [`pa6n%1py]

青豆

cheese [t]iz]

鳳梨

起司

Hawaiian pizza [h4`wa6j4n ]

夏威夷披薩

pizza Supreme m]

ver’s Veggie Lo .6] pizza [`v5d

[s4`pri

總匯披薩

)披薩

鮮蔬(素食

crust [kr9st]

餅皮

mushroom [`m9]r8m]

磨菇

green pepper [`p5p0]

Types of Crust thick thin

厚的

薄的

青椒

餅皮種類

stuffed [st9ft]

芝心的

hand-tossed [`h1nd`t7st]

手工的

21 圖片提供︰拿坡里披薩


主題式會話

UNIT 4

8

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

55

6 / 慢速 MP3 - 32

May I take your order?

1. Placing a Pizza Order

Hi. I’d like a large Hawaiian pizza.

Allen comes into Pizza Palace to order dinner. C Clerk

A Allen

C: Welcome to Pizza Palace. May I take your order?

關鍵解析 Language Notes

A: Hi. I’d like a large Hawaiian pizza.

速食店常見餐點種類

C: Is this for here or to go?

• value meal [`v1lju] 超值餐

A: To go, please.

• kid’s meal 兒童餐

C: Would you like to add $4.00 and get our Family Value Meal? You get a large pizza, a bucket of chicken wings, and a bottle of soda.

• family value meal 超值全家餐

A: That sounds pretty good, but I’m not sure we can eat that much.

• combo meal [`k3mbo]

• drinks/beverages [`b5v(4)r6d.6z]

• desserts [d6`z-ts]

組合套餐

飲料

點心

C: Well, for only $2.00 extra, you can get a small † pepperoni pizza with your large Hawaiian. A: That’s definitely2 too much pizza for me. You know what? I think I’ll go with the Value Meal. I u u can always reheat the leftovers, I guess. C: OK. So, you’ll have a large Hawaiian pizza and— A: Hey, could I add some mushrooms to that pizza . . . and extra cheese?

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

* 2. * 3.

* 中文翻譯請參閱第 68 頁

22

additional [4`d6]4ny] adj.

額外的;更多的

Carrie says that additional work needs to be done on the house. 4.

C: And what flavor of chicken wings would you like? We have Thai, h barbecue, h and extra spicy.4

C: Yes, they are pretty hot. So, sir, your total comes to $22.99. (Allen hands the clerk money.) Have a seat over there. Your order should be ready in about fifteen minutes.

definitely [`d5f4n6tl6] adv. 確實;肯定 You definitely need a haircut; I can’t even see your eyes!

A: That’s fine.

A: Barbecue, please. Your spicy chicken wings set my mouth on fire last time.

心情(in the mood for . . . 此指「想要……」)

Travis was in a bad mood all day because he had an argument with his boss.

3

C: Additional toppings are fifty cents each, so that’ll be a dollar extra for mushrooms and more cheese.

mood [mud] n.

*為大考出現過的字彙

spicy [`spa6s6] adj. 辛辣的 The Thai restaurant’s food is often very spicy, so be careful.

u 字彙小筆記:僅供參考

† 為補充說明

reheat [ri`hit] v. (使)重新加熱 leftover [`l5ft%ov0] n. 吃剩的食物

u

u

† pepperoni pizza 指「義式臘腸披薩」。

口味小辭典 h Thai [ta6] n. 泰式口味 h barbecue [`b3rb6kju] n.

烤肉口味


Daily Conversation

In the Mood for Pizza•

9

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

56

7 / 慢速 MP3 - 33

You ordered a large Meat Lover’s pizza and a medium Supreme?

2. Phoning for Food Luanne is placing an order over the phone. C Clerk

No! I asked for a large Veggie Lover’s pizza.

L Luanne

C: Pizza Palace. Will this be for delivery1 or takeout? L: Delivery, please. I’d like a large Veggie Lover’s pizza and a medium Supreme, hold the onions. C: May I have your name, number, and address, please?

關鍵解析 Language Notes

hold . . .

不要加……

點餐時要求不要加某些食材或醬料,可用動詞 hold。

L: Yes. My name is Luanne Davies. I live at 1432 Ridgecrest Lane. My phone number is 940-387-9060.

• I’d like a cheeseburger, hold the onions.

C: All right, Ms. Davies. I have you down for a large Veggie Lover’s pizza and a medium Supreme without onions. Will that be all?

• I’ll have the garden salad, hold the dressing.

L: Yes. Oh, could you make the veggie pizza with a thin crust please?

我要一個起司漢堡,不要加洋蔥。

我要一份田園沙拉,不要加沙拉醬。

補充用法 若是想請店員把一些醬料「分開放;另外放」,可用片語 on the side。

C: No problem. Your total comes to $31.98. The estimated 2 time for delivery is forty minutes. Thank you for choosing Pizza Palace!

• I’d like to order the ham sandwich, but can I get the pickles on the side, please? 我要點一個火腿三明治,但醃黃瓜可以請你分開放嗎?

3. A Dinner Delivery The Pizza Palace delivery guy arrives at Luanne’s home. L Luanne

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

D: Are you Luanne Davies? (She nods.) I’ve got your pizza here. You ordered a large Meat Lover’s † pizza and a medium Supreme?

delivery [d6`l6v4r6] n. 遞送;交貨 I was not at home to receive the delivery of the new TV, so they took it back to the shop.

D Delivery Guy

L: Hello. You’re right on time. (Calling back into the house) Kids! The pizza’s here!

*為大考出現過的字彙

* 2.

estimate [`5st4%met] v. 估計;估量(過去分詞 estimated 當形容詞指「估計的」)

Craig estimated that the cost of the trip would be around $1,500. * 3.

mostly [`mostl6] adv. 大部分地;主要地 The young woman was mostly finished with her meal when she found a bug in it.

L: No! I asked for a large Veggie Lover’s pizza. We’re mostly3 vegetarians4 here.

4.

D: Oh, I’m sorry. That’s for my next delivery. Here’s your Veggie Lover’s. That’ll be $31.98.

vegetarian [%v5d.4`t5r64n] n. 素食者 Janet could eat very little at the steak house because she is a vegetarian.

L: Here’s $35.00. Keep the change.

† 為補充說明

D: Thank you, ma’am. Have a nice day! * 中文翻譯請參閱第 68 頁

† Meat Lover’s pizza 指「肉食者天堂披薩」。

† change 此指「零錢」,keep the change 表示「不用找了」。

23


UNIT 5

文化大觀園

Crazy Comical Contests 怪怪 比賽大集合

u

and

1

—Michelle Adams

10

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

W

HEN

57

8 / 慢速 MP3 - 34

it comes to contests, most people think

of teams of athletes or individual artists

showing their skills. The world offers a lot of variety in competitions, 2 though. All it takes is a few 05

people and a fun idea for a whole new sport to be born. When Englishman Phil Shaw combined 3 his love of rock climbing with the boring task of ironing, he created a new sport—extreme ironing. In this

極限燙衣賽的選手挑戰在 海底燙衣服。 10

activity, people iron clothes in crazy places such as †

on top of mountains or while skydiving. In 2002, the †

first Extreme Ironing World Championships took place in a small town in Germany. Ten countries took part in an obstacle course of ironing. The 15

teams ironed in the middle of a river, in a car, at the top of a tree, and so on. They were judged on creative ironing skills and creases.u Another home item also inspired 4 a sport.

除草機賽車也可以很驚險 刺激!

Groups in the US and the UK took the common 20

lawn mower u and created lawn mower racing. Participantsu remove the blades5 from riding lawn mowers and then race them around a dirt track. It’s †

not as fast as the Grand Prix, but the events still attract excited crowds. *中文翻譯請參閱第 68–69 頁

24 圖片來源:British Lawn Mower Racing Association、Gareth Lock、Wikipedia


Crazy and Comical Contests •

關鍵解析 Language Notes

1. such as 的用法

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

S. + V. + . . . such as + N./phr. • At restaurants, I usually choose healthy items such as salads. = like

* 2.

* 3.

* 4.

要表示除了舉出的例子之外,還有很多類似事物,可在 句末加上這些字詞:

and so on/forth et cetera [5t`s5t4r4](常縮寫為 etc.) • This store sells basketballs, baseball bats, sports clothing, and so on/forth. 這家店販售籃球、球棒、運動服飾之類的東西。

• Jeremy worked in the house all day, sweeping the floors, washing clothes, etc. 傑瑞米整天在家,做了掃地、洗衣服等等的家事。

競賽;競爭(動詞為

combine [k4m`ba6n] v.

結合;組合

inspire [6n`spa6r] v.

賦予靈感;促成

My grandfather’s exciting experience in the 1930s inspired a movie. * 5.

blade [bled] n.

刀片;(風扇等的)葉片

The blades of the scissors are very sharp, so don’t let your little sister play with them.

我在餐廳通常會選擇像沙拉這種的健康食物。

等等;諸如此類

competition [%k3mp4`t6]4n] n.

Cameron is looking for a way to combine his job with his hobbies.

• At restaurants, I usually choose such healthy items as salads.

2. and so on

比賽

School competitions always make Jacob nervous and unable to eat.

such . . . as(像……的……)也可用來舉例,句型為:

S. + V. + such (+ Adj.) + N. + as + N.

contest [`k3nt5st] n.

compete [k4m`pit])

我在餐廳通常會選擇健康的食物,像是沙拉。

比較用法

*為大考出現過的字彙

If you win the singing contest, you will be able to perform on TV.

such as 指「例如;像是」,用來舉例說明,常用句型 為:

Culture

u 字彙小筆記:僅供參考

† 為補充說明

comical [`k3m6ky] adj. 古怪的;滑稽的 crease [kris] n. (衣服、紙的)摺痕 u lawn mower [l7n] [`mo0] n. 除草機 * u participant [p3r`t6s4p4nt] n. 參與者(也可唸成 [p0`t6s4p4nt]) † skydiving [`ska6%da6v6;] 指「特技跳傘;花式跳傘」。 † championships [`t]1mp64n%]6ps] 指「錦標賽;大賽」。 † Grand Prix [gr3n] [pri] 為法文,指「國際汽車大獎賽」,為 F1 方程式賽車的前身。

u

u

Give It a Try

請依據中文或提示填入正確答案。

q Kevin applied for jobs at such (as / Apple and

IBM / companies / great). (重組括號內字詞) Kevin applied for jobs at such ________________ __________________________________________. w I’ve been reading some good books.

Some of those good books are The Great Gatsby and The Road. (用such as合併兩句) __________________________________________ __________________________________________ e 這把刀的刀片太鈍,沒辦法割任何東西。

The __________ of the knife was so dull that it wouldn’t cut anything. * 答案請參閱第 69 頁

25


文化大觀園

UNIT 5

11

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

58

9 / 慢速 MP3 - 35

Sometimes it’s not what you have but

For people who want to go a little more

what you do with it that matters. That’s

high-tech, there’s pumpkin chucking. u

definitely the case with the World Beard

05

20

Participants use slingshots,h catapults,h and

and Moustache Championships. Every two

air cannonsh to propelu a pumpkin through

years, men gather to compare impressive1

the air. The record distance is 1,351 meters.

facial hair. Sideburns are styled, mustaches

After watching a pumpkin chucking event,

2

are curled, and beards come in all kinds of crazy shapes and sizes. The only thing you

you’ll never look at a pumpkin in the same 25

way again.

3

won’t see is a bare face. †

If you’re more into throwing than

say that you competed than actually to win.

growing, there are plenty of contests for you.

If none of them strikes your fancy, why not

How about competing in the Black Pudding Throwing Championships in England?

create one of your own? There’s always 30 room in the world for more crazy fun!

Players toss4 a six-ounceu sausage5 at a pile

* 中文翻譯請參閱第 69 頁

10

15

In these contests, it’s often more fun to

of Yorkshire pudding twenty feet in the air. The person who knocks the most puddings off in three throws wins.

26 圖片來源:flickr、Wikipedia


Crazy and Comical Contests •

關鍵解析 Language Notes

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

1. plenty 的用法

plenty of + N.

* 2.

3. * 4.

5.

這場生日派對上有充足的食物和果汁。

這雙黃色鞋子很合卡拉的意,她立刻就買下了。

bare [b5r] adj.

赤裸的;空的

toss [t7s] v.

丟擲

sausage [`s7s6d.] n.

香腸;臘腸

For breakfast, Monica cooked eggs, sausage, and toast.

投合某人的心意

• The yellow shoes struck Carla’s fancy, and she bought them immediately.

curl [k-l] v. (使)捲曲

Amy gets mad at Rick when he tosses his dirty clothes on the floor.

• There was food and juice in plenty at the birthday party.

此片語需以事物為主詞。fancy [`f5ns6] 在這裡是名 詞,指「喜好;迷戀」。

驚人的;讓人印象深刻的

Julius likes to walk in the grass with bare feet.

旅館還有充足的空房,所以這團旅客都有地方可以睡。

2. strike one’s fancy

impressive [6m`pr5s6v] adj.

Sarah curls her hair every morning before she goes to work.

• There were plenty of empty rooms at the hotel, so the group of tourists all had a place to sleep.

N. + in plenty

*為大考出現過的字彙

The size of the rat that ran across the room was impressive.

plenty [`pl5nt6] 可作名詞,指「大量;充足」。要表 示「某物數量充足」,常見用法如下:

Culture

u 字彙小筆記:僅供參考

† 為補充說明

ounce [a8ns] n. 盎司(英制重量單位,1 盎司約等於 28 公克) u chuck [t]9k] v. 扔;拋(chucking 為名詞) u propel [pr4`p5l] v. 推動 † be + into . . . 指「喜愛某人事物」。

† Yorkshire

u

pudding [`j7rk]0] 指「約克夏布丁」,是一種杯狀

的點心,常搭配烤牛肉或其他醬汁一起食用。

延伸學習 要用人當主詞,表示「愛上某人事物」 ,則用 take a fancy to N.。

• Donna took a fancy to Japanese food and now eats it almost every day.

工具小辭典 slingshot [`sl6;%]3t] n. 彈弓 h catapult [`k1t4%p9lt] n. 投石機 h air cannon [`k1n4n] n. 空氣砲 h

唐娜愛上日本料理,現在幾乎每天都吃。

鬍子圖解 facial hair [`fe]4l]

Give It a Try

請選出正確答案。

q There is (plenty of / in plenty) time before the

movie starts, so let’s get something to eat.

beard [b6rd] 落腮鬍(含臉頰和下巴)

mustache [`m9s%t1]] 髭 ; 八字鬚

(也可寫作 moustache)

w Keith has (struck his fancy / taken a fancy)

to lemon soap and won’t use any other kind right now. e The edges of the paper (curled / tossed) as it

dried in the sun. r The child’s (impressive / bare) hands quickly

sideburns [`sa6d%b-nz]

goatee [go`ti]

鬢角

山羊鬍(單指下巴的尖鬍子)

became cold in the icy wind. * 答案請參閱第 69 頁

27


唱歌學英語

Studying English with Songs

史都華麥克 來自英國的創作才子 精彩 的現 場演 ( St ew ar t Ma c )以 出道機會,曾 出贏得樂評的肯定及 滾天團邦喬飛 在 2008 年受邀擔任搖 世界 巡迴 演唱 ( Bo n Jo vi )在 英國 09 年 底 與 會 的 開 場 嘉 賓 , 更 在 20 演出。今年推 台灣小天后蔡依林同台 ve You》 出的首張個人專輯《I Lo 從希望和熱情 探討各式各樣的議題, 眾坐上情感的 到挫敗與拒絕,帶著聽 台。同名單曲 雲霄飛車,跨向世界舞 vid Tao)的 翻唱台灣歌手陶喆(Da 〈 愛 很 簡 單 〉, 由史都華重新填 上英 文歌 詞, 以 低沉 渾厚 的嗓 音

I L ve You

〈我愛你〉

詮釋出另一番風

performed by

味。

en man There was once a brok ad Who walked a lonely ro eams And gave up all his dr oken man And I was once this br e sun Who stared into th 1 e And just refused to se clouds that I was lost amongst the 2 wouldn’t fade swer I was looking for an an didn’t take the time I was searching, but I d feeling so afraid I was down and out an (chorus) I love you ed me ’round The way that you turn blues And chased away my I love you (yes I do) ged my world The way that you chan When I’m with you

Stewart Mac

e may go Love may come and lov y But now it’s here to sta you) Forever and a day (with ile And when I see you sm I fall into your eyes Don’t ever fade away e the dark clouds I need you here to mak 3 drift away gs bright again And to make the mornin there’s nothing I’m right here for you; more to say u’re mine and here I’m just happy that yo to stay (repeat chorus)

2頁

* 中文翻譯請參閱第 71–7

字彙 Vocabulary v. 拒絕 1. refuse [r6`fjuz]

fade [fed] v. 消逝 ;褪色 ;漂泊 3. drift [dr6ft] v. 漂流

2.

50 照片、歌詞、中翻及 MV 提供:金牌大風


旅遊好趣處

生活部落

Best Budget Destinations for 2010

1

u

—Justin Thibedeau

全球搶便宜旅遊景點搜秘

猜猜看背包客聖經——寂寞星球出版社嚴選的 2010 年最佳省錢遊景點是哪裡? Look at this country’s name, and you know it’s cold! ___________________

This city was once the home of Queen Elizabeth I.

You just might win big under the bright lights of this American city.

_________________

___________________

This country had the world’s tallest towers before Taipei 101 was finished in 2003.

To see elephants, lions, and giraffes, visit this African country.

__________________

________________ 51

圖片提供:flickr

快翻到下一頁,答案就在課文中!


UNIT 12

29

L

旅遊好趣處

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

ONELY

70

21 / 慢速 MP3 - 47

Planet has put together an incredible book of 2010’s top destinations. Even if you

don’t have much money, Lonely Planet has identified some great destinations that will

fit your budget. For many, Iceland has been far out of reach 05

geographically u and financially. 2 However, the economic crisis may be a blessing in disguise† for some because the value of Iceland’s currencyu has dropped. While that’s bad news for the locals, it does make this mysterious country more affordable. 3 Money from

10

tourism could also help the nation get back on its feet.† If you’re adventurous,4 experience Iceland’s amazing landscape by exploring ice caps and volcanoes,h many of which are still active. The famous hot springs should

also not be missed. Some of them shoot water high into h energy also provides homes 15 the air. The geothermal and outdoor pools with pollution5-free heating. Iceland’s cleanliness extends to its capital, Reykjavik,h the world’s northernmost capital. Its name, which means “smoky bay” in Icelandic,h comes from 20

the geothermal steam that rises from the ground. Aside from the hot springs, this city offers culture and beauty to visitors. Wandering among Reykjavik’s colorful buildings under the midnight summer sun is an experience that you’ll never forget. * 中文翻譯請參閱第 72 頁

52

Hallgrimskirkja 教堂是冰島 首都的地標之ㄧ。

小心別被壯觀的 Strokkur 噴泉燙到!


World Attractions

Best Budget Destinations for 2010•

關鍵解析 Language Notes

字彙 Vocabulary

1. economic vs. economical

* 1.

[ik4`n3m6k]

• 經濟上的;經濟學的 • 強調與金融、貿易有關

解釋

economical [ik4`n3m6ky]

• 節約的;節省的 • 強調精打細算、不浪費

• Governments around the world are hoping for economic growth this year.

* 2.

financially [f4`n1n]4l6] adv.

財務上;金融上

Veronica works hard to keep her family financially comfortable. * 3.

affordable [4`f7rd4by] adj.

負擔得起的

I will wait to buy a TV until they are a little more affordable. * 4.

adventurous [4d`v5nt]4r4s] adj.

愛冒險的;驚險的

Gayle has an adventurous spirit and often does exciting things.

世界各國的政府今年都期盼著經濟成長。

• It’s not economical to eat out every night.

* 5.

每晚都在外用餐不是很節省。

2. northernmost

budget [`b9d.6t] adj., n. 價格低廉���;預算 Some budget hotels will make you pay extra for hot water.

「經濟」大不同 economic

*為大考出現過的字彙

pollution [p4`lu]4n] n.

污染;污染物(pollution-free

指「無污染的」) The city has been working to clean up pollution from cars.

最北方的

複合字 northernmost 由 northern(北方的)+ most 組 成,其他方位則依此類推,例如︰「最南方的」是 southernmost。

u 字彙小筆記:僅供參考

* *

• Antarctica is the southernmost continent. 南極洲是最南端的大陸。

† 為補充說明

destination [%d5st4`ne]4n] n. 目的地;目標 u geographically [d.64`gr1f6ky6] adv. 地理上 u currency [`k-4ns6] n. 貨幣 † blessing in disguise [`bl5s6;] [d6s`ga6z] 字面上指「偽裝的 u

祝福」 ,引申指「因禍得福;塞翁失馬焉知非福」。

延伸學習

表示方位的英語單字

† get

back on one’s feet 引申指「從失敗中重新站起來;東山

再起」。

north northeast

northwest

west

冰島小辭典 h volcano [v3l`keno] n.

火山

geothermal [%d.io`q-my] adj. 地熱的 h Reykjavik [`rekj4%v6k] n. 雷克雅維克 h

east

(冰島首都)

southeast

southwest

h

Krafla Volcano

Icelandic [a6s`l1nd6k] n.

冰島語

south

+ 要表示「在某地的某方位」,可用 in the + 方位 + of + Extra Information 「寂寞星球出版社」 (Lonely P l a n e t )是 由 熱 愛 旅 遊 的 一 對 澳 洲夫婦於 1972 年創立的,其出 版的旅遊指南書籍廣受自助旅行者 ( backpacker )的喜愛,被稱為 「背包客的聖經( bible )」,該出版 社每年都會選出度最佳旅遊點(Best in Travel),提供旅客做參考。

某地。

Give It a Try

請圈選出正確選項。

q The city’s school system is having some

(economic / economical) troubles. w Florida is in the (southernmost / southeast)

of the United States. e I am looking for an (adventurous / affordable)

apartment in the city center. * 答案請參閱第 72 頁

53 圖片提供:flickr


UNIT 12

30

旅遊好趣處

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

71

22 / 慢速 MP3 - 48

Iceland isn’t the only place that economic troubles have made affordable. With the pound dropping, meals and hotels for visitors to London are almost half the price of what they were before. Enjoy the sights by foot or take advantage of London’s economical Tube† system and famous double-decker buses.† For entertainment, go see 05

Broadway-quality plays for prices much cheaper than in New York. During the day, try treasure hunting in London’s street markets for cheap and unique1 souvenirs.2 Sometimes the best things in life are free. Many art galleries3 and museums in London don’t charge an admission4 fee. Other free activities include a picnic in the beautiful Royal Parksh and listening to stories or opinions at Speakers’ Cornerh in Hyde Park.h

倫敦的自然歷史博物館收藏了數 千萬件展覽品。

雙層巴士是倫敦的代表特色之一。

在演講者角落常有老外發表議論喔!

Another city that’s surprising to see

10

on Lonely Planet’s list is Las Vegas. In the US, tourist businesses are trying to seem more inviting,5 and nowhere is this truer than in this famous desert city. Huge 15

discounts 6 on hotel rooms and show tickets are now available. Take in the famous Bellagio Fountain and be awed u by spectacular u shows all night long. Vegas is not called The Entertainment

20

Capital of the World for no reason. * 中文翻譯請參閱第 72 頁

拉斯維加斯的噴泉秀頗富盛名。

54 圖片提供:flickr


World Attractions

Best Budget Destinations for 2010 •

關鍵解析 Language Notes

1. fee

字彙 Vocabulary * 1.

費用

fee

fare

1. 一般費用 2. 專業服務的費用

admission fee 入場費 membership fee 會員費 tuition fee 學費 medical fee 醫療費

搭乘交通工具的費用

bus fare 公車費

charge 要價;各種收費 bill

常見用法

late charge 延遲費 phone bill 電話帳單

帳單費用

* 2.

3.

* 4.

5.

地方副詞提前

+

主詞與動詞倒裝

此句型是用否定(這點沒有哪裡比在……更真切)來強調 正面的「這點在……來說是最貼切的了」。

* 6.

admission [4d`m6]4n] n.

准許進入;准許加入

inviting [6n`va6t6;] adj.

吸引人的

discount [`d6ska8nt] n.

折扣

With this card, you can get great discounts every time you shop here. u 字彙小筆記:僅供參考

† 為補充說明

awe [7] v. 使敬畏 u spectacular [sp5k`t1kj4l0] adj. 壯觀的;壯麗的 † Tube [tjub] 指「地鐵系統」,為倫敦地鐵的別稱,正式名稱為 London Underground。 u

† double-decker

bus [`d5k0] 指「雙層巴士」。

倫敦小辭典 h Royal Park [`r764l] n.

皇家公園(倫敦市內原提供英國王室休閒

的公園,共有十座) h

Speakers’ Corner [`spik0s] n. 演講者角落(倫敦的多座公園內設置讓

• The early bird gets the worm, and nowhere is this truer than in finding cheap plane tickets. 早起的鳥兒有蟲吃,而這點對於買到便宜機票來說,是再

畫廊;美術館

The smell in the bakery was very inviting, so I went in to look around.

2. . . . , and nowhere is this truer than in . . . 再貼切不過了

倒裝句 . . . , and nowhere is this truer than in . . .

gallery [`g1l4r6] n.

Admission to this museum is free, so I can come here even when I don’t have money.

我因為沒有準時歸還圖書館的書而被罰繳延遲費。

直述句 . . . , and this is truer nowhere than in . . .

紀念品

All of the paintings in the gallery were too expensive for me to buy.

市政府調漲公車費時很多人不高興。

地方副詞 nowhere [`no%hw5r] 指「任何地方都不;沒有 地方」 ,為帶有否定意義的副詞,放句首時需倒裝,可將句 子還原如下︰

souvenir [`suv4%n6r] n.

Every time Devon goes on a business trip, he picks up a souvenir for his wife.

• Many people were upset when the city increased the bus fares. • I got a late charge because I did not turn in the library book on time.

獨特的;唯一的

If you want to give a unique gift, you can make one yourself.

英文中表示費用的字彙有好幾種,比較如下︰ 使用情境

unique [ju`nik] adj.

*為大考出現過的字彙

民眾公開發表演說的地方) h

Hyde Park [ha6d] n.

海德公園

貼切不過了。

Give It a Try

請依提示改寫句子或選出正確選項。

q The United States is a mix of all cultures. This is especially true in San Francisco. (請將句子用. . . , and nowhere is this truer than in . . . 改寫)

= ____________________________________________________________________________ w People over the age of sixty often pay a cheaper bus _____.

a. fee

b. fare

c. charge *答案請參閱第 72 頁

55


UNIT 12

31

旅遊好趣處

課文朗讀》正常 CD/MP3 課程講解》MP3 -

72

23 / 慢速 MP3 - 49

Not all of the places listed in Lonely Planet’s 2010 Best Budget Destinations are

05

15

nature. However, this country’s violent3 2008

newcomers. Malaysia has long been

election4 scared away most tourists. Now,

popular with bargain hunters.† You can get

things have quieted down, and Kenya is

three-course meals for around NT$240 in

welcoming back visitors. Great package

Kuala Lumpur.h China Town and Little India

deals and a low cost of living make it ideal

are the best places to find great deals in

10

Africa’s Kenya also offers beautiful views of

20

for travelers on a budget. Make sure your

this big city. Then head to Malaysia’s

package includes a safari u to Tsavo

Perhentian Islands.h There, you can roll out

National Park,h the largest park in Kenya.

of bed and step directly onto white-sand

This is your chance to see lions, elephants,

beaches or dive1 into clear blue waters. This

or even the great wildebeestu migrationu in

tropical paradise2 will only cost you around

25

NT$800 per night.

person.† Imagine soaking in a hot spring in Iceland or sipping5 coconut6 juice while watching a spectacular sunset in Malaysia. Are your feet itchy† yet? Your budget is not

30

holding you back anymore, so there’s no excuse not to go! * 中文翻譯請參閱第 72 頁

宛如世外桃源的停泊島。

中國城有許多小吃攤販。

56 圖片提供:flickr


World Attractions

Best Budget Destinations for 2010 •

關鍵解析 Language Notes

* 1.

1. include 的用法 表示「A 的範圍中包括有 B」 ,如文中用法,句型如下︰

A + include + B

字彙 Vocabulary

A

B

• The cost of the trip includes the plane ticket and three nights at a hotel.

dive [da6v] v.

*為大考出現過的字彙

潛水;跳水(三態為 dive-dove-dove)

If you don’t know how deep the water is, don’t dive in. * 2.

paradise [`par4%da6s] n.

天堂

Some travel Web sites call Hong Kong a shopper’s paradise. * 3.

violent [`va6(4)l4nt] adj.

暴力的;強烈的

The violent storm knocked over fences and trees.

這次旅遊的花費包括機票和三晚的旅館住宿在內。 4.

補充用法

election [6`l5k]4n] n.

選舉

Who will you vote for in the next election?

若要補充說明「某人事物的範圍中包括…… 」 ,可用句型:

5.

sip [s6p] v.

啜飲;小口喝

On a hot summer day, I like to sit on the balcony and sip cold tea.

S. + V., including + N./V-ing = S. + V., N./V-ing + included

6.

• You need to finish cleaning the house, including the bathrooms and kitchen.

coconut [`kok4%n4t] n.

椰子

The monkey in the tree threw a coconut at us, so we ran away.

你必須把房子打掃完,包括浴室和廚房。 u 字彙小筆記:僅供參考

= You need to finish cleaning the house, the bathrooms and kitchen included.

† 為補充說明

safari [s4`f3r6] n. 東非的觀察或狩獵之旅 wildebeest [`w6ld6%bist] n. 非洲牛羚 u migration [ma6`gre]4n] n. 遷移;遷徙 † bargain hunter [`b3rg6n] 此指「專找便宜特價品的人」。 † in person 指「親自;親身」。

† one’s

u u

2. hold back 的用法 a 表示「阻礙某人(進步或行動)」,可用 hold sb back, 如文中用法。

• Don’t let your fear hold you back. 別讓你的恐懼阻礙你前進。

b 表示「阻止、抑制(某人事物)」。

• Gary held back some money so he would be able to take a taxi home.

feet be itchy [`6t]6] 引申指「某人很想去旅遊」。

景點小辭典 h Kuala Lumpur [kw3l4] [`l8m%p8r] n. 吉隆坡(馬來西亞首都) h Perhentian Islands [p0`h5nti3n] n. 停泊島(馬來西亞渡假島嶼) h Tsavo National Park [`ts3vo] n. 察沃國家公園

蓋瑞克制一些花費,這樣他才能夠搭計程車回家。

Give It a Try Are your feet itchy yet?

q klod bach

請依藍字示範將各題字母重組成有意義的字 詞,並用圈選的字母組合回答第五題。

hold back

w tocnuco __ __ __ __ __ __ __ e airspade __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ r lionvet __ __ __ __ __ __ __ t The price of the room __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __

breakfast each morning. * 答案請參閱第 72 頁

57



Live互動英語雜誌 No.107