Fishers High School Volume XVI, Issue III November 2021 www.fisherstigertimes.com
Table of Contents 05 06 07 08 10
Features Gas Prices Substitute Teachers Cyber Monday Circle of Lights WTHR v HSE
11 12 14 16
Arts & Culture Nail Art Modeling Fried Thanksgiving Squid Game
18 19 20 22 23
Sports Fishers Sports Network Thanksgiving 5Ks Sports Superfans Athletic Trainers Club Sports
24 25 26 28 29 30
Opinion Toxic Masculinity Tattoos Non-Binary in Society Application Anxiety District Covid Policy Editorial
On the cover: Students mill around the classroom without their teacher on Nov. 16. Photo by Emma Tomlinson. Page 2
Check out fisherstigertimes.com for our latest stories!
Running, regurgitating and regret by Reporter Abby Miller
Check us out on social media!
@fhstigertimes November 2021
Tiger Times Staff Editorial Board
Nate Albin Editor-in-Chief
Andrew Haughey Online Editor
Lily Thomas Features Editor
Emma Tomlinson Arts & Culture Editor
Fletcher Haltom Malak Samara Opinion/Copy Editor Social Media Director
Nicholas Rasmusson Sports Editor
Kristen Rummel Design Editor
d Emerson Elledge
Freelancers Emilia Citoler Staff Profile
Ava Hunt Tiger Times
‘22 YEARBOOK This year, every moment together is worth celebrating and the Fishers <SCHOOL HighNAME> School yearbook captures them all. Don’t miss out - reserve your copy today!
WAYS TO ORDER:
CALL 1.877.767.5217 8AM - 5PM CST MONDAY-FRIDAY
OTHER HELPFUL INFO: <Editable Books are currently $55 until Dec.Field> 24. Contact yearbook adviser
Jordan MacMillan (firstname.lastname@example.org) with questions.
JOSTENS.COM/2022YEARBOOK Page 4
©2021 Jostens, Inc. 211839
The gas prices on Nov. 14 at the Marathon gas station at the corner of 116th St and Brooks School Rd. Photo by Ben Rosen.
On the rise
People are paying more at gas pump, in grocery store
ccording to Seeking Alpha, the pandemic has caused the value of the dollar to decline starting in March 2020. The Wall Street Journal (WSJ) Dollar Index did show an increase in value of the dollar for July 2020 and then a decline in November 2020 that has remained consistent except for an increase in March 2021. Regular gas prices have a national average of $3.42 a gallon and $3.40 a gallon average in the state of Indiana as of Nov. 15 according to Triple AAA Insurance. For comparison, according to The U.S. Department of Energy, the national average gas price was $2.59 per gallon in the month of February. Major product categories saw a 0.4% price increase, with the energy category seeing the largest increase of any major product category with a 24.8% increase in prices. According to Trading Economics, the U.S. inflation rate was 5.4% in the month of September, a 13-year high. For comparison, the inflation rate was 1.7% in the month of
February, according to Trading Economics. “Inflation is based on the Consumer Price Index, which is the average cost of a basket of market goods and services that are pre-determined by the economic folks of our government,” math teacher John Carpenter said. “As those costs increase, the Consumer Price Index increases, then they are able to determine the rate of inflation.” Carpenter explained how the rate of inflation can change the value and purchasing power of the U.S. dollar. “When there’s inflation, a dollar will purchase less,” Carpenter said. “Therefore, more dollars are needed to purchase a certain amount.” Junior Thomas Chaplain said that inflation and the rate that it is increasing could be a sign of economic issues to come. “I think the recent skyrocketing inflation is a worrying sign from the economy,” Chaplain said. “Yet, little is being done about it.” Chaplain thinks the problem starts at the top of the
government with President Biden and his leadership and the failure of Congress to address the problem so far knowing the potential economic consequences. “There is a lack of leadership on the national level. As a result, this issue is not being properly addressed and there could be serious consequences,” Chaplain said. Government teacher Brian Grismore shared how he feels that inflation has and will impact his family. “I think the price of food is going to go up,” Grismore said. “We eat a lot so that would definitely have an impact on our budget.” Grismore also said that whether or not people are getting a wage increase will play a large role in how much they are affected by inflation and rising prices. “I think especially if people’s incomes are not going up will be the most impacted,” Grismore said. “People are going to have to choose between going further in debt or really cutting back on their spending.”
Short on subs
Hamilton Southeastern Schools struggle to find substitute teachers
ver the past two years, Hamilton Southeastern Schools has experienced a substitute teacher shortage that has only been magnified by the pandemic. Out of the 11 permanent substitute positions that Fishers has available, only five of the positions are currently filled. The shortage has caused problems with finding teachers to watch classes and, in some cases, a place for the class to go when there are no teachers. “We will look at putting signs on the door and sending those classes to a common space,” Assistant Principal Steve Loser said. “[Classes are sent] to the CCA often, sometimes a study hall, if there is space in the study hall to do that, and if it gets way out of control, we have used the auditorium.” For Kari Goldstein, the substitute coordinator at FHS, figuring out where to put classes when there are not enough substitutes is something that she enjoys. “It’s great; you contact your coworkers that have prep periods and you ask them if they could fill in,” Goldstein said. “If they can, then that’s great, they’ll cover the class for you. If they can’t, then you figure out another option.”
Abby Miller Sending classes to a common space like the CCA may be a solution, but the CCA does not have the same feel as a traditional classroom environment. For Asmaa Farooqi, who works in the CCA, keeping classes on task can be challenging. “If it is AP classes, I feel like they like to sit down and they are more serious about their education; they are ready to graduate,” Farooqi said. “If it is a freshman or sophomore class, they are not there yet, maturity-wise. Either they are talking or not willing to do the assignment.” According to Farooqi, there are at least one to two classes that are in the CCA every day. For Farooqi, the job of keeping students on task can be stressful. “I like to say that each job has its own challenges,” Farooqi said. “There is no job that is a piece of cake. Yes, it is stressful and it is hard to manage sometimes, but it is all about communication between you and the student.” Although it is not ideal, some students, like sophomore Zachary Thomas, are able to get assignments done in the CCA without distraction. “I thought it was fine because I kind of just do my work on my own anyways,” Thomas said. “I think we [the class] were all
email@example.com doing our work.” According to Loser, the COVID-19 pandemic affected substitute teachers. Many substitutes who were not permanent substitutes at Fishers did not have a job when schools shut down as a result of the pandemic. “People, to make money as a sub, a general sub, across central Indiana, they would find someplace else to go,” Loser said. “Sometimes maybe that person is gone and works somewhere and they are actually recruited as a permanent sub, and so then we have lost them as a sub in our general pool.” While some substitutes lost their jobs because of the shut-down, others chose not to come back for personal reasons. According to Goldstein, some substitutes did not come back because they had health concerns. “A lot of people are older, and they are scared of getting sick,” Goldstein said. “There’s people that want to get vaccinated and there’s people that don’t want to be vaccinated, and if there’s a sub that’s vaccinated and doesn’t want to come in and be around people that aren’t vaccinated, then they’re not going to sub.”
On Nov. 3, PE and health teacher Darren Simms’ eighth period class studies in the CCA due to the sub shortage. Photo by Abby Miller.
Closing the deal Online holiday sales gain popularity in recent years Lily Thomas
tores swarm with customers as lines grow longer and longer. Big, bold letters display deals upon deals as people race for the best one, fighting one another for the last flat screen TV. A sight like this is commonplace on Black Friday, which is the Friday after Thanksgiving Day, when stores have discounts that signify the start of the holiday shopping season. Prior to the pandemic, many stores began opening on Thanksgiving Day to start their deals rather than Black Friday, with some opening as early as 2 p.m. in 2019, according to a CBS News article. This year, however, USA Today reported that retail stores such as Walmart, Target, Best Buy and others will refrain from opening on Thanksgiving Day. For senior Lauren Whetsel, who had a tradition of going Black Friday shopping with friends and family for four years, the announcement that many stores will remain closed on Thanksgiving Day is not ideal. “I love using it as an excuse to shop,” Whetsel said. “We usually go [shopping] on Thanksgiving night. I will be working on actual Black Friday, so I won’t be able to go if they aren’t open on Thanksgiving.” With most stores remaining closed on Thanksgiving Day for the past two years, Cyber Monday refers to the Monday after Thanksgiving when stores have online deals, and has gained popularity. Comscore, an analytics company, reported that Cyber Monday beat Black Friday in digital spending by $2.4 billion in 2020. Some students, like senior Anna Millar, prefer to
skip the lines on Black Friday and opt for deals online during Cyber Monday. “I like Cyber Monday more than Black Friday because I think it is a lot easier and more convenient,” Millar said. “You don’t have to deal with the in-person crowds that occur on Black Friday and you can see everything from home without having to wait in lines and drive to different stores in the cold and snow.” Some of Millar’s favorite Cyber Monday deals include shoes, technology and new clothes. According to a Business Insider article, Black Friday deals have begun to overlap, but traditionally, bigger items like laptops and TVs are discounted more during Black Friday, while smart gadgets and home goods are discounted more during Cyber Monday. In 2020, Adobe Analytics reported that Cyber Monday was the biggest online shopping day in U.S. history. “I think that online deals have become way more important than Black Friday because of the pandemic,” Millar said. “Last year, I know a lot of people could not go shopping because of quarantine, so more people, including myself, realized the convenience of online shopping and have become more acquainted to that.” Alternatively, some students skip Black Friday and Cyber Monday altogether. Instead, senior Ben Crowe prefers to look for small businesses to support. “Compared to a big business,
where products are made on a production line and Graphic illustrations of defects are brushed off, small businesses want to make the best Cyber Monday sales by Lily Thomas. product possible,” Crowe said. Small Business Saturday, which was started by American Express in 2010, takes place on the Saturday following Thanksgiving and encourages people to shop locally. Senior Lauren Burger believes it provides an opportunity to find alternatives to corporations. “It’s so easy to discover the core values of most small businesses and to shop at the ones that align with yours so that you’re making sure that you’re shopping responsibly and ethically,” Burger said. ”But also, I know that sometimes it’s hard to shop small, so while I prefer to shop small, it’s not always possible and that’s okay.” No matter which shopping option someone prefers, there are opportunities for everyone to enjoy a holiday sale this year.
According to Comscore, Cyber Monday beat Black Friday in digital spending by $2.4 billion in 2020.
Majeski said. “I love looking at the Christmas lights. Driving through neighborhoods and looking at all the fun lights put up is so exciting, especially if you can go to downtown Indianapolis and see that on such a big statue.” The event being a 59-yearold tradition in downtown Indy, many families make it a tradition to visit it every year to get into the holiday spirit. “The anticipation builds up to the lights being turned on,” senior Zoe Robinson said. “It’s just all happy and gets you into the Christmas spirit.” Last year, the Circle of Lights event that traditionally filled Monument Circle and
surrounding downtown streets on the Friday evening after Thanksgiving was a TV-only event. “It’s going to be really interesting to see how many people go, because of COVID,” Robinson said. “I feel there will be a smaller turnout, although it’s still outdoors. People might want to go just to feel the normal crowd energy again.” Due to the pandemic, the tree lighting could only be seen on WTHR Channel 13. Allie Moffett, downtown Indy Communications PR Manager, believes that there will be a good turnout this time since nobody was able to go the previous year. Following the
firstname.lastname@example.org Veda Thangudu
Circle of Lights events bring festive vibe to Indiana
Rounding up Monument Circle
he Circle of Lights event is one of the most popular winter attractions in Indianapolis. In past years, there were about 100,000 attendees, according to the oﬃcial Downtown Indy website. “I’m expecting to see something amazing,” junior Leah Majeski said. “Good music, lots of fun lights and people. Hopefully, there will be some kind of social distancing because if there are a lot of people there, it will not be safe.” Lights will be put on the Soldiers and Sailors Monument on Nov. 13, but they will not be lit until Nov. 26 at the Circle of Lights event. “I’m excited to see the lights,”
Soldiers and Sailors Monument after the lights were turned on, on Dec. 7, 2018. Photo courtesy of Jordan MacMillan.
Complete Monument Circle decorted, on Dec.7, 2018. Photo courtesy of Jordan MacMillan. virtual event, there will be a new element unique to this year. “This year, for the first time, we are doing both an in-person event as well as a made-for-TV special,” Moffett said. “There is a lot of live entertainment, we will have local entertainment from around the city.” Entertainment is planned to begin at 6:30 p.m. and the madefor-TV event will start at 7 p.m. on WTHR-13. Indianapolis Power and Light company (IPL) organizes a coloring contest and the winner, along with Santa Claus, flip the switch to turn the lights on. “I would suggest for younger children to go. It’s a great start for the Christmas season,” Robinson said. “I always loved when they sometimes had reindeer here. As a kid, I always thought it was so cute.” The lights will be up for visitors to see until Dec. 30, 2021. The College Football Playoff is coming to Indianapolis this year, and the national title game is on Jan.10, 2022. “Typically they are up a little bit longer but we wanted to make sure the circle was ready for the different events that will happen there,” Moffett said. “There was always a good crowd and it’s always gorgeous. It’s definitely a cool experience and a pretty attraction.”
Aside from the lighting at Monument circle, there are many other local lights to see: Christmas Night of Lights at the state fairgrounds starting Nov. 1; Winter Lights at Newfields starting Nov. 22; Merry Prairie Holiday starting Nov. 26; Deck the Downtown in Noblesville starting Dec. 3; and Westfield in Lights starting Dec.4
WTHR v Hamilton Southeastern
A local news channel and school district battle for transparency Laura Masoni
Fishers High School incident that began as an employee suspension may soon set a state precedent in the Indiana Supreme Court. On Dec. 14, 2016, the Hamilton Southeastern School Board quietly voted to suspend “Employee #10042” for five days. However, the identity of the employee and reasoning behind the suspension was never made public by the district until an anonymous tip pointed WTHR to former Fishers High School football head coach Rick Wimmer. “The tip proved to be accurate as the school district eventually admitted to 13News that the suspension listed on the school board’s consent agenda for ‘Employee 10042’ was indeed for Rick Wimmer,” said WTHR’s Senior Investigative Reporter Bob Segall. Indiana Code 5-14-3, The Access to Public Records Act
(APRA), states “a person has the right to access information regarding the government and the official acts of public officials and employees.” This act includes public school districts such as HSE. “The law says a factual basis needed,” junior Brayden Dack said. “They needed to legally put his name in there.” However, after WTHR’s request for details was denied, they filed a complaint with the Public Access Counselor multiple times. HSE refused to comply, and was met with a lawsuit filed by WTHR on June 8, 2018. “After school district officials acknowledged that Mr. Wimmer was suspended, we asked a very simple question to school administration,” Seagall said. “‘Was Mr. Wimmer’s unpaid week-long suspension related to the same classroom altercation that the school district had investigated
three months earlier, or was it for a separate incident involving the coach?’” Wimmer was previously placed on paid administrative leave in September of 2016 after an altercation with a student during class. The unpaid suspension in December of 2016 was not revealed to be the same incident until Wimmer later confirmed the connection. “Several years after our initial report, the coach finally acknowledged in a text that his unpaid suspension was related to the initial classroom altercation that was investigated by HSE and Fishers Police and reported by WTHR in September 2016.” Seagall said. The district refused to provide the ‘factual basis’ for the Dec. 2016 suspension, but stated it was “due to not implementing instructions
for classroom management strategies” and provided a list of possible violations of school policy. While many have been siding with WTHR on this issue, some see this as a matter that deserves more discretion. “I think that it was ok, because it was a private matter,” said senior Sreya Myneni. The Big Question The fate of this issue for public record access is now in the hands of the Indiana Supreme court. “At issue is what is meant by the term 'factual basis’ and just how much information must be provided by a public agency when it takes disciplinary action against a public employee,” Segall said. Never before has the court defined ‘factual basis.’ Meaning whatever the justices decide constitutes as “factual” will likely have a state-wide impact for years to come.
Indiana Statehouse located downtown Indianapolis. Home to the Indiana Supreme Court. Photo courtesy of Massimo Catarinell.
Nailing it Students use manicures as form of expression Emma Tomlinson
he hashtag “nails” has over 177 million posts on Instagram, placing it ahead of other viral hashtags such as “mood”, “foodie” and “vacation.” Based upon the seasons, nail trends come and go; bright and pastel colors are more popular during the spring, while darker colors are more prominent during autumn. Sophomore Leah Mercho pulls inspiration from the seasons for her nails. “I’ve recently been using dark red a lot,” Mercho said. “I feel like I associate dark red with autumn.” During the holiday season, senior Zooey Russell prefers nail art because she finds it more festive. Last year during Halloween, she had a Beetlejuice-themed manicure, and during Christmas her nails had holiday sparkles. “Depending on the season, I prefer nail art over plain colors, especially during Halloween and December,” Russell said. “Every other time of the year, I like plain colors.” Social media is a popular place for people to find trendy nail inspiration. With thousands of images of holiday patterns, colored french tips and current trends, Russell finds Pinterest to be the perfect place for nail ideas. “Sometimes I watch also TikToks of people getting their nails done, and I pull inspiration from those videos,’’ Russell said. Russell enjoys getting her nails done at a salon two to three times a month. She often gets acrylic nails, rather than other popular alternatives. “I don’t typically do dip because I feel like it breaks too
Arts & Culture
easily, and gel is too easy to peel off and pick at,” Russell said. Dip powder is a new, popular method of manicuring. It involves painting a clear coat onto the nail, dipping the nail into colored powder and then using a clear sealant on top. The result is a longer-lasting manicure that can remain chipfree for up to a month. One drawback to dip powder is that it does not allow for nail art like acrylic nails do. “I do like that dip powder is supposed to make your nails grow stronger and faster, but I prefer acrylics because they last longer and you can do more creative stuff,” Russell said. The price of getting nails done at a salon can range anywhere from $20-65, depending on type of manicure and nail art. A manicure with polish is typically less expensive than dip powder or acrylics because the process of dip powder or acrylics takes more time and the materials are more expensive, according to Cosmopolitan. “I prefer to get nail art [at a salon], but it’s a lot more expensive so I get plain nails sometimes,” sophomore Mrya Sacchini said. Doing a manicure at home is an alternative for those who do
Senior Zooey Russell snaps a photo of her fresh acrylic manicure on Aug. 16. Photo used with permission of Zooey Russell.
Nails by the numbers
16 is the minimum age for acrylics in most salons
1 million+ nail salons in the United States
18-24 is the most frequent age range that visits salons Infographic by Emma Tomlinson. Data from Grand View Research Organization.
not wish to pay salon prices. Social media nail influencers post instructional nail care and art videos. YouTube channel SimplyNailogical has gathered over 7 million subscribers by posting home nail art tutorials. “I prefer doing my nails at home,” Mercho said. “It’s much easier and I get to switch them up more often.” Amazon sells several different kinds of nail kits for consumer home use. Its most popular kit includes seven gel polishes, a UV light dryer, top and base coats, nail art decorations and manicure tools for $36.99. Another popular item is a dip powder nail kit which includes 30 different colored powders as well as base and top coat polishes for $38.99. “I like getting my nails done at a salon, it’s definitely cheaper to do them at home and for people who like to save money, it’s a good option,” Russell said. When doing nails at home, Mercho recommends finding a good nail strengthener, which serves as a protective film that reinforces nail structure while also promoting nail growth. “A good top coat can save any crappy nail job,” Mercho said. “Using a buffer is also great for making nails look smooth.” Nails have become another accessory to outfits, being plain or bold depending on the situation. “I think that nails can add more detail and color to an outfit,” Sacchini said. For some, nails serve as a form of self-expression and help with self-confidence. “I love getting my nails done because they make me feel so much more confident in myself,” Russell said.
Putting on their best face
Students model on the runway, for photoshoots Emerson Elledge
alking a runway, making commercials, sponsoring products and more were childhood dreams to many people. Sophomore Vani Sharma turned those dreams into a reality for herself. “When I was younger, I used to love dressing up in my mom’s clothes,” Sharma said. “Even though I was shy, I thought ‘Why not? Why not go try [pageant modeling] out just for fun?’” At 15 years old, Sharma has achieved goals in the industry that most only dream about. Since winning International United Miss Indiana Preteen, she has been on four trips around the country, been the namesake of a designer shoe and ran a virtual showcase that sponsored the education of 12 children in India for a year. Sharma inspired sophomore Sherline Lopez to enter the pageant world, and subsequently the modeling industry. “My very first pageant was in the summer of 2018,” Lopez said. “I received a letter in the mail indicating that I had been referred by a friend [Sharma] and that I was invited to an open call...I went to the open call, participated in an interview and then was selected to compete in the state level pageant I competed the next year, and then I found out that there
were modeling competitions you could compete in, so I tried them and found an interest in modeling.” Although there are many similarities between pageants and modeling, such as having shared participants, there are also differences. Modeling focuses on appearances and selling a product, and pageants build public speaking and performance skills. “Pageants are a little bit different from modeling, but give you those skills to be able [model],” Sharma said. “In pageants, it’s more you’re competing for a title or a crown.” Senior Hannah Clark started modeling in early 2020, but her career was put on pause with the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. She is inspired to keep modeling by trying to change the industry. “The industry is changing every single day with being more inclusive,” Clark said. “That’s something that I want, the industry to be like a hundred percent
inclusive.” Lopez is also inspired to change the industry, both for herself and others. “I’m a 5’2” MexicanAmerican and am proud to be a petite runway model,” Lopez said. “I also became a model to bring more diversity to the industry. Nowadays, there is definitely more diversity in the modeling world, but I want to continue to make it a fact that you do not have to fit a certain stereotype to become a model.” One of the reasons that Sharma enjoys going to pageants is creating bonds with the pageant community. Pageants tend to have a similar group of participants, which creates a sisterhood among the members. “Everybody is so supportive,” Sharma said. “Everyone is so helpful around there. I think it’s just a great atmosphere, and that is why I love 2 going back.” While pageants are somewhat synonymous
1. During the International United Paegant, sophomore Vani Sharma poses after winning the preteen title in 2020. Photo courtesy of Catherine Fiehn. 2. As sophomore Vani Sharma walks down the runway during New York Fashion Week, she models activewear and accessories for Marc Defang. Photo used with permission of Vani Sharma.
with sisterhood, models can have a reputation of being cutthroat because of media portrayals. “They are some of the most supportive people, and something that I love in the industry is that you’re taught to support other people,” Clark said. Fashion Week According to NYFW, the official New York Fashion Week website, the bi-annual event has been occurring for the past 78 years. In September, Clark modeled for 8 shows, working from 6 a.m. until 10 p.m. during the week. “New York fashion week was crazy. It really hit me that this is what I would be wanting to do [full-time],” Clark said. Lopez modeled for LA Fashion Week in October. According to LAFW, the official Los Angeles Fashion week website, LA Fashion Week was created 68 years ago as a West Coast alternative to the older New York Fashion Week on the East Coast. “When I applied and got accepted, I was ecstatic,” Lopez said. “It was fast-paced and, I admit, it was a little intimidating.” In preparation for Fashion Week, Lopez trained with Guetcha, a professional supermodel, via Zoom by learning how to walk on a runway with confidence. She also wore her heels whenever she could so she could practice. “It [practicing in heels] got to the point where I could probably run with my heels on,” Lopez said. “I did this so that, come show day, I was confident in my walking, knowing that I wouldn’t fall. Once I hit the runway, all of the butterflies in my stomach just sort of went away. Walking for a high-end designer in front of so many people felt like the scariest thing in the world, but once I was out
Arts & Culture
1 there, I realized how much fun and exciting it is.” Clark recently signed to One Management, a worldwide modeling agency, allowing her to be signed in New York, Los Angeles, Chicago and Europe, as opposed to just Indiana. This allows her to be a candidate for jobs in those locations, despite not living there. She plans on pursuing modeling full time, but is not sure about when that will start. “My plan before [modeling] was to attend a local college,” Clark said. “But my plan has kind of changed now. I do not know if I want to do a gap year or go online. There are so many options, which I am thankful for.” However, modeling fulltime is not always the end goal. Junior Sierra Combs does one photoshoot every two months, to prioritize school and her other commitments, like cheerleading. Similarly, Sharma is also taking a break from pageants after holding the year-long Indiana Preteen title for International United Miss (IUM). “I don’t know, we’ll see where life takes me and if I decided to
2 compete again, I might,” Sharma said. Lopez is not yet sure on her long term plans in the industry, and instead wants to focus on breaking as many barriers as she can, while encouraging other models or aspiring models to do the same. “[I am] making sure I constantly encourage myself and others,” Lopez said. “[That] will be the best way to conquer the modeling industry.”
1. Through the agency LModelz, senior Hannah Clark poses for a picture for photographer Anna Komarov in May 2021. 2. During a photoshoot with photographer Steven Brokaw, senior Hannah Clark poses as her hair blows back in Aug. 2020. This shoot was also through the agency LModelz and her makeup was done by makeup artist Isabel Coons. Photo used with permission of Hannah Clark.
Deep-fried Thanksgiving My journey through the fried-food world
Graphics provided by Canva.
hanksgiving presents a uniquely North American holiday; one that primarily focuses on two majors concepts surrounding family and food. Although the traditional Thanksgiving meal has come to feature a turkey of some sorts as the staple, the iconic stuff-yourself, all-youcan-eat mentality remains no matter how the turkey is prepared or what dishes are spread out beside it. The deep-fried turkey is an increasingly popular way of preparing the centerpiece of Thanksgiving dinner. It is a staple of Cajun thanksgivings, with the Times-Picayune of New Orleans claiming to have a record of deep-fried turkeys dating back to 1984 — though it is probably most known for its infamous safety incidents. At one point, accidents became so prevalent that the New York City Fire Department released a safety guide for dealing with deep-frying turkeys. The National Fire Protection Agency even warns against the practice of deep-frying turkeys without proper emergency fire gear and someone ready to call 911 on standby. This deep-fried turkey tradition has inspired me to spread this treatment to the whole of Thanksgiving dinner: a three course meal. I planned to deep-fry the essential parts of a meal: an entree, a side, and a dessert. My choice for the entree was a turkey breast, because my deep fryer could only fit a turkey breast. For the side, I choose mac and cheese because I find it to be the quintessential Thanksgiving side. In research conducted by GrillCookBake
across all 50 states, mac and cheese tied mashed potatoes as the two most popular sides, based upon the most popular side dish Google searches around Thanksgiving. The dessert of choice was pumpkin pie, because no other dessert is as iconic to the holiday. The Entree With the turkey breast, I took a pretty simple approach to frying it. I simply breaded it and fried it until it reached a safe temperature. It came out dry and tough to chew. It was quite painful and disheartening to eat. I feel there is a reason that turkey is baked and roasted rather than fried. I would not recommend trying this recipe, and would instead recommend using a darker meat, like leg or thigh, if you want to fry a piece of turkey. This should maintain moisture and not be nearly as tough as the white meat cut I used. The Side Frying mac and cheese is a less straightforward process. You cannot just throw mac and cheese into a fryer and have it come out edible. In order to deep fry the mac and cheese successfully, I decided to ball them up and fry them. I chilled them so that they would be more malleable and easier to shape. Then, I simply breaded and fried them. These mac and cheese balls came out really well. They were crunchy and wellseasoned on the outside and nice and cheesy on the inside. In spite of this, how well the mac and cheese balls come out depends on the quality of the mac and cheese used in the core, so make sure you use a recipe and ingredients that you like.
The Dessert At first, I thought of approaching this recipe by simply taking a frozen pumpkin pie, hacking off a piece, then breading and frying that slice. However, I felt that it would not be very good. The approach I ended up taking is a hand pie, which has a built-in shell so it does not require additional breading to be fried. I also added a sugar coating to make the little hand pie even better. I have to say, if you try anything from this article, please let it be this pie. It is one of the best things I have personally ever made, and one of the best pies I have ever tried. Additionally, taste may change from person to person, so use what spices you would like in the filling. You could also make the dough from scratch, but it is a lot of additional labor for not much reward, especially since it is being fried. Safety Precautions While deep-frying food can be delicious, it can sometimes turn disastrous. Per Morrow & Sheppard trial injuries group, every year deep-fryer fires are responsible for five deaths, 60 injuries and the destruction of 900 homes. It is important to take measures to protect yourself and your home when using a deep-fryer. Make sure your turkey is fully thawed before cooking to avoid an explosion in the fryer. Also check that your fryer is placed away from flammable objects, pets and children to avoid injuries and damage. Always wear protective clothing such as flame-retardant clothing and eye protection, and use properly functioning equipment.
Ingredients: 1 turkey breast (bone out) 1 large egg 1 cup of panko breadcrumbs (or other breadcrumb of choice) Coating: ½ cup of flour ½ tablespoon of hot paprika ½ tablespoon of garlic powder ½ tablespoon of oregano ½ tablespoon of sage ½ tablespoon of onion powder Directions: On one plate crack your egg and whisk until properly combined . On another place the ingredients for the coating and mix . On a third plate spread your breadcrumbs. Place your turkey breast into the egg, then into the coating, then back into the egg, then into the breadcrumbs. Then fry in the 325 degree oil, flipping halfway through (or until it reaches an internal temp of 165 degrees).
Fried mac and cheese balls Ingredients: 4, 1-inch balls of Mac and Cheese, chilled until solid and sticky 1 large egg 1 cup of panko Coating: 1 cup of flour 1 tablespoon of garlic powder ½ tablespoon of onion powder 1 teaspoon of dried ground basil 1 teaspoon of dried ground oregano 1 teaspoon of dried thyme 1 teaspoon of dried sage 1 teaspoon of dried rosemary Directions: Take 4 scoops of mac and cheese. Roll into round 1 inch balls. Crack egg into bowl and whisk until mixed fully. Mix together the coating and spread onto a plate. Dip balls into egg and then roll in coating until fully coated. Then roll in panko. Place into 375 degree oil and fry until the outside is golden brown.
Fried pumpkin hand pies Ingredients: One sheet of store bought pie crust Filling: Half a can (about 1 cup) of pumpkin puree 1 tablespoon of pumpkin pie spice 1 teaspoon of vanilla extract ½ teaspoon of ground ginger ½ cup of sugar and 1 tablespoon of pumpkin pie spice Directions: Slice sheet of pie crust in half. On one half one half of your new half crust, place a dollop of the filling. Make sure to leave space around the edges. Fold over the pie crust so that the filing is covered. Crimp the edges so that the pie pocket is sealed, trim excess, and re-crimp as needed. Place into 350 degree oil until the outside is golden brown. While still hot, place into the sugar coating. Let cool and enjoy!
Arts & Culture
“Squid Game” gets the green light Netflix endorses diversity through foreign shows Malak Samara
ids and adults alike browse through Netflix, ready to indulge themselves in a show they can talk about with their peers. Recently, that show has been “Squid Game.” The nine episode series became popularized in America, and recently hit 111 million household views, making it Netflix’s most-watched show. “The power of Netflix is that if it shows foreign programming, it can bring the world to your door, and that’s powerful,” English teacher and Film Club sponsor Glenn Seland said. “Squid Game” was set and filmed in South Korea. It consisted of mostly Korean actors, with a couple from other Asian countries. The show helped to promote diversity in American culture, which has traditionally had few mainstream foreign shows. “The show would be interesting to watch because it was created in a different country,” junior Jeffery Cepedes said. “I think it is so popular because it is a creative new type of show that hasn’t been done
before, and people get connected to the characters.” The series’ main focal point was the games the players had to participate in. What made the games unique, however, was that most of the games are traditional Korean children’s games. “I thought it was cool that they brought traditional Korean games and put it into [Squid Game] so that people who are not just young, but even older, can enjoy,” sophomore Jocelyn Jun said. “A few games are a Korean version of ‘red light, green light’, and there was also the Korean sugar cookie candy game. But in Korea, all those games are played slightly differently in each area. So even Korean people watching had different perspectives on [the way the games were played].” In addition to “Squid Game’s” unique and diverse plotline, it also made a point to portray contrast through its colors, utilize intentional cinematography and create a dystopian impression with the setting. “[Squid Game] is just visual,”
Seland said. “The different way they set up their scenes, the way they’re doing their cinematography. You can’t help but notice the way they’ve designed it, the stark red versus black versus white kind of images that I keep seeing.” The popularity of “Squid Game” allowed for the mass exposure of a different culture to viewers worldwide, as it was the number one trending show on Netflix for 24 days. “I think it’s more than just power,” Seland said. “It’s a responsibility. I love that [Netflix] is bringing something from offshore to the other side of the world. I think that broadens us as humans and it gives us more perspective.” A precedent for international productions and exposure to different cultures through streaming services’ series has
been set by “Squid Game,” too. Diversity in shows gives the general public a chance to be educated on a variety of different perspectives. “If some show does this well about different cultures, I would be interested in it,” Jun said. “Even if I don’t become super professional about that culture, I would be able to learn more about it. And I think being aware or being educated really reduces racism or any negative views, causing people to be more aware, just more open and accepting.” While there are countless benefits from showcasing foreign shows in America, there can also be dangers that arise because of it. Psychology Today
says that misconceptions could jeopardize people’s views on certain cultures, rather than educating them. “Just make sure what you’re watching isn’t racist,” Jun said. “I think you should know the background of it. If there was a movie made about a specific culture, but it was totally butchered and the director and actors knew nothing about that culture, then that’s not good. So I think you should just be aware of what kind of media you’re consuming.” In addition to misconceptions about the culture, the production team experienced issues with translating the original Korean script to English, both in the subtitles and the dubbed version. Viewers noted differences in tone and emotion on social media. “One of the things I’ve heard is that there’s the issue of translating language,” Seland said. “From what it’s intended in Korea, some things have kind of been misinterpreted and it’s led to different interpretations of what the function of the
whole storyline is. I think that’s disappointing, but also it could be damaging to the series itself if it’s not translated well.” There are ways to balance misconceptions through fiction series’ by producing non-fiction deep dives on the beauty of different cultures. “Experience Korea through your Five Senses” is a documentary that gives insight on Korean culture through depictions of the five senses. “Netflix should probably have a docu-series or other things that show other parts of Korea that are amazing,” Seland said. “So there can be a little more balance of culture awareness.” Even with its flaws, a recurring theme between any show on any streaming service is the sense of community it inspires between different groups of people all over the world. “[Shows] definitely bring people together,” Seland said. “It gives them a talking point at lunchtime. And sharing the communal kind of experience of that, talking about the ideas, the themes that the film raises.”
Infographic by Malak Samara.
Arts & Culture
Live from the classroom Fishers Sports Network transitions from club to class
F Scan this QR code to view FSN’s website for live broadcastings or on demand games!
Student view from the press box at a FHS football game. Photo provided by Ben Rosen.
ishers Sports Network, otherwise known as FSN, is an organization that emphasizes the broadcasting and distribution of sports. It offers viewers the opportunity to watch live FHS sporting events, and even gives viewers the chance to replay the games on demand. Students who are a part of FSN participate by interviewing coaches and athletes, providing commentary for games or operating the camera. Starting next semester, FSN is treading into new territory, expanding its organization from an extracurricular to a class. Club sponsor and soon-to-be FSN teacher Cameron Diep explains the reasoning behind the inclusion of FSN into the class options. “There is a great student desire for this type of broadcasting network,” Diep said. “With technology advancing at every chance, the opportunities to offer students positions in this type of environment can help them achieve goals after graduating high school. By offering this club as a class, it allows for Fishers sports to reach a larger viewership.” The switch from being strictly a club to being offered as a class gives students the availability to dive deeper into the sports broadcasting industry. Since Diep is also a business teacher, he plans on striving to teach students about the role technology plays in marketing and advertising through a broadcasting lens during the class. “We will be looking to professional networks, such as ESPN, to guide how we can improve the content that viewers are consuming,” Diep said. “Nothing specifically will change about FSN, except we will continue to distribute more professional and
higher-quality content.” Another reason the club decided to become a class is to give club members more time to work together and improve their skills. Diep and FSN member freshman Sharanya Srivastava agree that FSN is not extremely time consuming, as members have some flexibility with their level of involvement. That being said, if students do decide to enroll in the class, there will be after-school participation requirements for FSN. “I think it is a great idea for FSN to become a class because our club is just going to get so much better,” Srivastava said. “We are going to get better at the graphics, broadcasting and producing throughout the class, making us a better club. It also can help the viewers enjoy the games more, making it feel even more like they are at the game.” The viewership of FSN is an indicator of the quality of the job that the broadcast is doing. For this upcoming semester, Diep wants to focus on the aesthetic of FSN as well as how it is being portrayed in the community. “I am excited about learning and improving our viewers’ perspective of Fishers sports,” Diep said. “Something cool FSN does and will continue to do is highlight specific individuals, coaches, athletes, directors and those involved with the success of Fishers sports, giving them the recognition they deserve.” The club will make its debut as a class starting next semester. It will be labeled as a mass media -English/Journalism credit and will take up one period. “My favorite part about FSN is the community that we have,” Srivastava said. “Everyone in the club is super nice and everyone gets involved and has a good time. It’s an opportunity like no other.”
Ready, set, gobble Thanksgiving 5Ks provide family bonding opportunity Lily Thomas
ith only six participants, the first Turkey Trot took place in Buffalo, New York in 1896, as reported by the New York Times. The original race used to be an 8K, but was later shortened to a 5K. In recent years, Thanksgiving 5Ks have grown in popularity, with Running USA, a nonprofit that tracks racing trends, reporting it as the most popular holiday for road racing. According to an article from Active, a sports and recreational activities website, many participants dress up in Thanksgiving-related attire, some wearing turkey costumes or even bringing a live turkey. Some 5Ks also have prizes like a turkey-shaped medal or a race T-shirt. There are several Thanksgiving 5Ks around Indiana, such as the Drumstick Dash, Bolt for the Heart, the Gobble Wobble and the Wishbone 5K. The Wishbone 5K, organized by the Fishers YMCA, was fully virtual last year, but will return this year with in-person options for both a 5K and a 10K. Matthew Wire, the Race Director for the Wishbone 5K, hopes the race will have a total of 800 to 1,000 participants. Additionally, the race has a new course, adjusted to include part of the Nickel Plate Trail near the end. “The course is extremely flat and fast,” Wire said. “The lowest point on the course is 802 feet above sea level and the highest point is 823 feet above sea level, which makes it very runner-friendly and conducive to fast times.” This year, senior Kalli Agapios will be participating in the Wishbone 5K and hopes that after completing the race, she will feel less guilty about eating a big Thanksgiving meal later in the day. Her family decided to do a
Thanksgiving 5K before she goes off to college next fall. “It will definitely be a good family experience,” Agapios said. “We’re also very competitive, so to see who’s going to finish first will be interesting.” Senior Ben Greiwe has run many 5Ks during his high school cross-country career, but has yet to do a Thanksgiving 5K. However, he believes he would enjoy it as it would be a great bonding experience for him and his family. “Running 5Ks makes me feel accomplished because you’re doing something not a lot of people in the world would do,” Greiwe said. “So many people can’t run a 5K, so being able to run one makes you feel accomplished.” In the spirit of giving, many of the 5Ks donate the proceeds to charity. For example, the proceeds from the Drumstick Dash help provide care and meals for homeless individuals in the community. Currently, the Drumstick Dash has collected $35,164 with the goal of raising $80,000. The Bolt for the Heart 5K proceeds go towards purchasing automatic external defibrillators for police patrol cars. As for the Wishbone 5K, the money raised from runners benefits those in the Fishers community who would otherwise not be able to participate in YMCA programs, such as camps and other activities. “The Fishers YMCA is all about healthy living and community,” Wire said. “Participation in the Wishbone 5K embodies both of those elements and combines them into one family-friendly, holiday tradition. The Wishbone 5K allows people to give back to their community while participating in an event that contributes to their own health and well-being.”
Graphic by Lily Thomas
Senior Owen Munkholm and his siblings pose with the Minnesota Golden Gophers’ head football coach, PJ Fleck. Photo courtesy of Owen Munkholm.
A fan above the rest Students take being a team’s fan to the next level
very team has their casual fans, and then there are ones that have earned the title of “superfan.” Superfans are the people who live through their team. Whether it is through their attire, word choice or even demeanor, these are the individuals are willing to live and die by their teams. Superfans can come into being through a multitude of reasons. Senior Matthew Kolbus is an Indianapolis Colts superfan and has eclipsed the decade mark as a fan of the team. “I live in Indiana, and it’s the team that my dad pulls for,” Kolbus said. “They’re the first team that I ever watched.” Throughout their tenure as followers, many superfans make long-lasting memories. As a season ticket holder and a lifelong fan, Kolbus has numerous memories from Colts games, but a specific memory from a game in 2014 against the Jacksonville Jaguars is the one that sticks out to him. “When [Colts receiver] T.Y. Hilton’s wife had a baby, and on the same day he scored a 73-yard touchdown, that was really cool,” Kolbus said. Senior Ben Ditlinger takes this sentiment
a even a bit further and enjoys the moments a player makes before they happen. Similar to Kolbus, Ditlinger is a fan of the Indianapolis Colts, and he finds himself anticipating a new memory before each of the team’s plays. “My favorite moments as a Colts fan come when [Colts receiver] Michael Pittman catches passes over a cornerback’s head because Michael Pittman is my favorite player,” Ditlinger said. In addition to making many memories, superstitions are a common trait in many superfans. Whether it is a lucky shirt, a specific spot to sit in or even a snack or meal, many superfans have something that they do to help their team. Kolbus is no different, but instead of something physical, his superstition is portrayed throughout his online presence. “I don’t have anything that I’m superstitious about,” Kolbus said. “But I don’t go on Instagram while the Colts are playing.” While many superfans reside in the professional sports world, collegiate sports have their own superfans who go all-in for their school of choice. Senior Owen Munkholm is a lifelong superfan of the Minnesota Golden Gophers, and he is all-in
on the university’s athletic teams. Munkholm has been taught to be a Gopher fan since he was little. He became a Minnesota fan mainly through his father, who attended the university. Junior Caden Carpenter is a Purdue superfan, and, similar to Munkholm, his fandom roots from family ties to the university. “My dad attended Purdue, along with my aunt,” Carpenter said. “Because of that I have been really invested in their athletics.” While Carpenter says that this is the main reason he loves Purdue, he emphasizes that he was not forced into fandom; Purdue was his choice. “I like Purdue because it’s something that I grew up around,” Carpenter said. “They quickly became something that I enjoy paying attention to.” Collegiate superfans like Carpenter are slightly different from superfans of professional teams. In professional sports, it is possible for any team to become a title
contender within a year or two. In collegiate sports, it can be many years before a team is relevant, so regular season wins and high rankings could be their most major accomplishment for years. “My favorite memory as a fan is when we upset Penn State in 2019,” Munkholm said. This was a big deal to Munkholm, along with many other Minnesota fans, because of how much the Golden Gophers’ football program had struggled in recent years. They had been striving to find a top 25 ranking next to their name for several seasons, so when that football season happened, it was a pleasant surprise for fans. They ended the season ranked inside of the top 10 and won their bowl game. Superfans like Munkholm had been waiting for this very moment for years. Superfans are prevalent figures throughout the sports world, regardless of the team’s publicity. With that, anybody can be a sports superfan; it just depends on how you dedicate yourself to your team.
1. Seniors Ben Ditlinger and Matthew Kolbus pose for a picture during halftime at a Colts game. Photo courtesy of Matthew Kolbus. 2. Seniors Matthew Kolbus and Ben Ditlinger take a quick picture before a Colts game. Photo courtesy of Matthew Kolbus 3. On Nov. 4, Senior Ben Ditlinger attended his ﬁrst Colts game since the COVID-19 pandemic began. Photo by Nicholas Rasmusson. 4. One way in which fans support their team is through their clothing. Photo by Nicholas Rasmusson. 5. Lucas Oil Stadium in Indianapolis welcomes fans, including Senior Ben Ditlinger, before a Thursday night game against the New York Jets. Photo by Nicholas Rasmusson.
Hidden helpers Athletic trainers often unrecognized despite crucial role Common Sports Injuries
Ankle Sprains A condition that causes pain and swelling in the ankle region. Ankle sprains result when ligaments are stretched or torn from overuse.
Little League Elbow A condition affecting the growth plate of the elbow in adolescents. This injury is caused by repetitive strain from throwing a baseball.
Runner’s Knee A condition that causes pain behind the kneecap and also swollen tissue. Can be a result of repetitive strain from bending one’s knee or from blunt force.
Graphic by Andrew Haughey Athletic trainer Lindsey Biggs examines senior cross country runner Vera Schafer’s knee. “The trainers are the backbone of all FHS athletics,” Schafer said. “They are always there when athletes experience an injury and they always put athletes first and help athletes to be healthy and happy.” Photo by Andrew Haughey.
utside of the athletic office, a vast array of photographs portraying each sports team lines the wall. Each of these portraits contains the faces of dozens of athletes and coaches, but lacks a vital facet of each team: athletic trainers. While athletes and coaches often commit themselves to one team, athletic trainers work to help any athlete in need of their assistance. Because of this, trainers must be well-versed in a variety of subjects. “We are responsible for making sure that the athletic population stays healthy,” trainer Bruce Willard said. “We help to recognize injuries, treat injuries, rehabilitate injuries and, ultimately, get kids back on the field so they can be doing what they want to be doing in a safe manner.” Although helping athletes to identify and heal injuries is a substantial part of their job, the trainers perform other routine activities to ensure sports practices and events run smoothly. Typically, the trainers start their day around 2 to 2:30 p.m. by setting up fields for practices during the fall and spring seasons. “Depending on the day, we’ll have more injuries than others, but we typically just go through rehabilitation and anything we can do with the patients,” trainer Lindsey Biggs said. “Around 4, we’ll go out to practices, or if it’s
Willard said. “There’s a window between 3 and 4 o’clock, which is a really short amount of time for us to get kids in and out of here. In the middle of fall when everything is going on, that 4 o’clock time frame sometimes goes to 4:15, 4:30 or even later.” While the short period of time can sometimes inhibit the relationships between trainer and athlete, recurring injuries can give the trainer an opportunity to encourage the athlete on a more personal level. “Those are the kids that we see on a regular basis,” Willard said. “Most of them want to get better, but we have to figure out whether those kids truly have problems that are recurring or if they like the fact the fact that most high schoolers that they can use this place as a crutch.” are minors, while college Senior cross country runner students tend to be adults. Anna Runion is one of the “It’s a completely different students Willard and Biggs see animal in many ways,” Willard most frequently. Because she said. “The number one thing is was born with an extra bone that we have less control over in her foot, running can be kids. At a college, you work a pain, and finding the right with young adults, so you don’t need to involve parents as much, encouragement and treatment is whereas here we have to be very crucial to her in recovery. “I appreciate how kind and careful about what we say and do because almost everyone is a funny Bruce and Lindsey are,” Runion said. “I’m really close minor.” Willard adjusted to this change with both of them, so I like to go and talk to them a lot. I want by altering his approach to be people to realize that they’re a able to treat many patients in a really good resource and they’re short period of time. Although college schedules typically allow really good at what they do. I students to plan around classes, think some people don’t use those resources as much as they high schoolers are all bound to could, but they’re definitely the same, fixed schedule. there to help anyone who needs “In the high school setting, them.” we see everybody after school,” winter we’ll kind of stay in here [the athletic training office] as our home hub. If there’s not an event, we’ll get out a little after 6 and go home to relax, but if there’s an event then we’re here until the event is over.” In spite of the commitment necessary, Willard said it was less than that required at a college level, where he worked for several years. Another difference between the levels is
The case for clubs
Why club sports deserve more recognition Sydney Territo
ast year, the boys volleyball team finished fifth in the nation, making it the second consecutive time they have ranked nationally, yet they gained no more recognition in the school than they have in prior years. This is one example of a larger problem with a lack of advertisement for club sports teams, due to the fact that they are not affiliated with the school. Sports affiliated with the school, such as football, cross country, tennis, baseball and basketball, are classified under the Indiana High School Athletic Association (IHSAA), which takes care of most of the planning and functionality of the sports it recognizes. The IHSAA plans statewide tournaments, ensures the safety of players, determines qualifications for officials involved in the sport, protects students and schools against exploitation and establishes standards for sportsmanship and eligibility in the games played. A sport can only be officially recognized by the IHSAA if over half of schools in the state sponsor it;, otherwise, it must be a club. Currently, there are four club sports at the school: rugby, volleyball, hockey and lacrosse. These sports are not affiliated with the school because they are not recognized by the IHSAA and organized through separate governing bodies that take care of the organization of teams across the state. The school’s swimming team is a special case, where there is a specific IHSAA team as well as a club sport run out of the school. While the club sport is not affiliated with the school, Fishers swimmers can swim for some club events, under certain
conditions. In order to swim at club meets, swimmers must submit a waiver and are only allowed to swim at a maximum of two club meets. Additionally, the guidelines for IHSAA sports are different from club swim sports (i.e. allowing jewelry for club sports, but not for school sports and not allowing visible blood when swimming for school meets). I play rugby, which is a club sport. I love playing rugby as well as the community and sportsmanship surrounding it, but oftentimes we can only get rugby enthusiasts or parents to attend games and tournaments. This can get a little disheartening, especially when no one is there to see our accomplishments. It would be amazing to see a greater turnout at games because it would show me that my peers are interested in supporting my hobbies, and it would make me feel like my team was seen and appreciated by the school. One potential reason for there being such a small turnout at games is the lack of advertisement for them around the school. With school sports, the coaches can come from the school, which gives the sport more of a connection to the students, whereas club sports need to hire their own coaches. This makes it harder for club sports to network because coaches typically have increased difficulty sending out information, such as callout meetings, due to their lack of knowledge about school events and advertising locations. The school can potentially resolve this issue by communicating more with club sports’ sponsors and coaches.
If the coaches know the school calendar or are made aware of opportunities to promote the club, they would have a greater opportunity to gain more participants. Additionally, promoting club sports more would help to increase visibility as well. If schedules for the sport are released or advertised on the TVs around the school, there will be increased visibility for it, and it could attract interested individuals as well. I believe that the lack of turnout and love for club sports is purely due to the scarcity of information on them. Most people I talk to about my sport are shocked that we even have a girls rugby team, and the more I talk to people about it, the more I attract potential players and pique their interest in it. If there is more buzz about club sports, more people will take an interest in them, which will bring Senior Melvin Lopez runs a bigger and better community towards the try zone to around each club. score a point at a rugby sevens tournament on Oct. 3. Photo used with permission of Jordan MacMillan.
How to be a man
Societal pressures harm development of expression
S For an interactive mood wheel, scan the QR for more information and resources
ociety’s definition of masculinity is the blueprint for every man. For a male to act appropriately, they must follow a series of traits many consider unnatural and unhealthy, including suppressing emotions like sadness, fear and anxiety because they are not considered to be “manly.” To exert any other emotions than the ones considered manly is against the standards given to men by society. The effects of this have led men to feel they cannot experience any other emotions other than anger. Suppressing emotions, especially healthy ones, can lead to additional stress, anxiety and emotional outbursts. What I fail to understand is why suppressing emotions is desirable? At this point, I do not think it is something men
Flower chart sharing the connections between emotions and where they come from. Graphic from Wikipedia.
do anymore. Bad emotional habits develop in childhood, to reprogram themselves so that they appear emotionless. Why? Emotions are what make us human. Without them we are not any more complex than a rock. Our brains are capable of creating and understanding powerful emotions. Emotions can be so strong. Our emotions are what gives us drive and set us apart from other species. Emotions are not weak, given that some emotions are portrayed as masculine, but the phrase “emotional” has a negative connotation. This passion is so powerful that it has powered entire missions, companies and feats that seemed unlikely. To feel emotions is to be human. While most people agree that emotions are normal, even people outside the pressures of toxic masculinity feel ashamed of too much emotion. Suppressing such powerful emotions at such a young age also leads to much more detrimental effects later in life. According to a study conducted by Michigan State University, men were much more likely to have violent outbursts from stress. Cisgender men also seem to have fewer people to confide in
their emotions to. According to Brown University, men simply do not share their emotions often enough to feel comfortable sharing with their peers. Toxic masculinity also affects the people around it negatively. According to the World Health Organization, men are being uplifted by gender norms and hold it over women and children. Behaviors like this can increase the likelihood of men’s perpetration of violence against women and children. In the past 25 years, programs and interventions have been created to bring attention to these harmful habits. But the struggle continues when the entire media has to unlearn these habits. Society has to unlearn the “macho” mindset to be vulnerable. To show our emotions is healthy and how we process and learn from them . Stop teaching young boys to suppress their emotions and start teaching them to learn from them. When people are taught how to learn from their emotions properly, this will help with several childhood and adult problems, like bullying, stress, and selfimage. It is important to remember masculinity is not inherently bad. One can create their own standards of what is and is not masculine. How you want to portray yourself is up to you, not the standards set by the media and gender roles. Instead of hiding emotions in an attempt to portray a more masculine front we should hope to create our own individuality. Work towards it and help others share their emotions to create their own definitions.
Ink for yourself Tattoos deserve to be considered professional in workplaces Emilia Citoler
s many of my peers turn the coveted age of 18, many new and exciting opportunities are made accessible for them. For example, 18-year-olds can vote, buy a lottery ticket and, arguably the most exciting, get a tattoo. Tattoos have a long history, dating back to ancient Egypt where they were used as a symbol of comfort and protection for pregnant women. Across the centuries, tattoos have been utilized in almost every country. In Samoa, highly skilled tattooists use only ancient methods of tattooing and use tools that closely resemble those used in early times. In Africa, face tattoos are a common practice of different cultures within the country. Modern uses of tattoos have become much more personally significant. Tattoos can have a sentimental meaning behind them and can be a powerful form of self-expression. Some may dedicate a tattoo towards a passed family member or get a matching tattoo with a close friend. While certain tattoos have a significance behind them, some get tattoos with the sole purpose of it being an artistic expression. More and more young adults are choosing to partake in getting a tattoo, as a Pew Research Center study reported that about 38 percent of young people aged 18 to 29 have at least one tattoo. Especially with newly turned 18-year-olds, many older adults will say something along the lines of “Are you sure you want that on your
body forever?” or “What will your future employers think of this?” While these questions can become irritating, they do have some validity behind them. Tattoos are permanent and should be treated as a lasting decision. As for what future employers will think, more and more companies are becoming accepting of tattoos. But even with this developing acceptance, there still is a stigma of tattoos being seen as “unprofessional.” A study conducted through Colorado State University professors found that hiring managers would rather not see tattoos on job candidates. These managers were also found to offer those who have visible tattoos and piercings a lower starting salary than to those without. However, this study did not take into account the placement or content of the tattoo. In order to pursue the argument that tattoos should not be considered unprofessional, certain parameters need to be clarified. In an interview done by Inside Out, Matt Gertz, an actuary from NYC who has over 200 hours of tattoo work done, explains that there is a difference between professional and poorly done or homemade tattoos. Professional tattoo artists spend years honing their craft and many serve under an apprenticeship before they
become a fully fledged tattoo artist. He also explains that visible tattoos, like ones on the arm or leg, should be appropriate for anyone to see. Not only does this prejudice affect high school students, but many school systems also have restrictions placed on whether or not teachers can have tattoos. HSE schools have not expressed a definitive opinion on the matter, but can be assumed to be more accepting, as many teachers across the county have tattoos. English teacher Scott Black has 13 tattoos, several of which are visible.
He reminisced that when he was hired, nothing was said to him about whether or not his tattoos were acceptable for the work environment. Black’s experience should be more universal as employers should base their hiring decisions on merit and other qualifications rather than physical appearance. Tattoos can be deeply meaningful and are simply designs on one’s skin. Tattoos do not change or affect work ethic or one’s ability to fulfill their responsibilities at their workplace. In a perfect world, getting a tattoo should be an exciting moment for young adults, not something they are forced to worry about.
Graphic by Emilia Citoler.
Binary breakdown As more people realize gender is not finalized at birth, there is still learning to do Katrell Readus
1.2 million people in the US are nonbinary 53% of nonbinary people report being bullied 11% of nonbinary adults were exposed to conversion therapy as children 82% of the communities adults faced emotional abuse as children 39% have of nonbinary people attempted suicide
94% of nonbinary adults have considered suicide Page 26
he thought of individuals not confining themselves within the boundaries of conventional gender or not identifying with the gender they were assigned at birth is often regarded as a new, modern-day idea or concept. However, breaking the concept of gender by a lack of conformity and identification has been around for as long as civilization has. Nonbinary identification has been recorded as far back as 400 B.C.E to 200 C.E., when Hijras, people in India who identified as beyond male or female, were cited in ancient text. From the Hijras in India and the māhūs in Hawaii to the two-spirit people in indigenous cultures, there have always been people who do not feel they fit or do not want to fit the stereotype of what it means to be male or female. These examples of gender nonconformity throughout world history laid a foundation for how we understand gender identity today, proving that gender is a spectrum and not set in stone the moment the sex of a child is proclaimed. This foundation was further built upon in the late 1960s and into the 1970s when LGBTQ+ social movements and icons such as activist duo Marsha P. Johnson and Sylvia Rivera arose. The pair rose to prominence after the events that took place after a police raid of the Stonewall Inn in 1969. On June 28 of that year, police raided the Stonewall Inn, a bar located in New York City’s Greenwich Village that served as a retreat for the city’s LGBTQ+
community. At the time, homosexual acts were illegal in every state except Illinois, and bars and restaurants could be shut down for having gay employees or serving gay patrons. Despite this, many gay bars and clubs in New York including the Stonewall remained in operation under the radar of authorities. Police raids on gay bars were common, but on that particular night, members of the city’s LGBTQ+ community decided to fight back, sparking days of protest that would launch a new era of resistance and revolution. By the 1900s and continuing on into the era of the Stonewall riots and the Gay Liberation Movement, homosexual men, particularly, became an increased target for this legislation. This began when states start to add oral sex to their anti-sodomy laws. These antiLGBTQ+ laws prompted police and vigilante groups to go out in search of gay men engaging in sexual activity to arrest or physically assault them. This legislation came into play in a culture already increasingly hostile to LGBTQ+ people. Anti-sodomy codes also fueled raids on gay bars like that which sparked the Stonewall Riots in 1969. This is when Johnson and Rivera rise up as leaders in the Gay Liberation Movement. They co-founded the group STAR, Street Transvestite Action Revolutionaries, offering housing to homeless and transgender youth. The pair recognized that many transgender people turned to sex work after being turned away by their families, and faced additional struggles and dangers through being unsheltered. Johnson and
email@example.com Rivera opened the first LGBTQ+ youth shelter in North America and became the first Trans women of color to lead an organization in the United States. However, the work of this team was cut short by Marsha’s death in 1992, a death ruled by a medical examiner to be a suicide, but believed by family and friends to be a murder. A decade later, Sylvia met an untimely death due to cancer. Unfortunately, in today’s society, the idea that people are breaking down the boxes of traditional gender is still foreign to some despite the work of previous generations. This uninformedness and bigotry all too often are the catalyst for fatal acts of hate. In 2020, Human Rights Campaign, an organization focused on the fight for equality across all communities, tracked a record number of violent and ultimately fatal incidents against transgender and gender nonconforming people; A total of 44 fatalities were tracked, marking 2020 as the most violent year on record since crimes of this nature began being tracked in 2013. Sadly, 2021 has been no better. According to the HRC, at least 40 transgender or gender non-conforming people, ranging in age from 16 to 49, have been killed already this year. While the details of the cases seen this year differ from one another, and affect trans and nonbinary people of all races and ethnicities, it has become evident that this type of violence is disproportionately affecting transgender women of color, specifically Black transgender women. The crossover of racism, sexism and transphobia is becoming more and more apparent as the number of cases like these rises. Crimes like these have increased danger and hate coming toward these
Police raid the Stonewall Inn in Marsha “Pay It No Mind” Johnson New York City, leading to four days and Sylvia Rivera co-found of struggle between police and the Street Transvestites Action LGBTQ community. Revolutionaries (STAR)
1969 communities, causing more than physical problems and injuries. These things are contributing to the decline and deterioration of mental health in LGBTQ people everywhere, particularly in youths. During a 2019 investigation by the Trevor Project, the world’s largest suicide prevention and crisis intervention nonprofit organization for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and questioning young people, it was estimated that more than 1.8 million young people who identify as part of the LGBTQ+ community between the ages of 13 and 24 in the U.S. seriously consider suicide each year. These numbers demonstrate how detrimental it is for our society to remain unaware and/or hateful of the LGBTQ+ community. The lack of support from society as well as family and friends for some has caused children and adults all around the world to see death as their only option. Validation is a human desire, and when that is taken away, it is easy for selfinvalidation to grow with thoughts like “If they all hate me, why shouldn’t I hate myself?” Unsupported people are at risk, simply because who they truly are is different from what our cisgender heterosexual centralized society deems and promotes as the norm. There are many ways to be inclusive of gender identity. Our language and the way we speak are often embedded with gendered cues, and noticing these can be a good first step. Another thing that those looking to become allies could do is let people know what their pronouns are even if they are cisgender, meaning they identify with the gender assigned to them at birth. This communicates that being nonbinary doesn’t require androgyny and being trans doesn’t require a person to completely match the stereotypical look of the gender they are transitioning to. The freedom of gender nonconformity
The board of the American Psychiatric Association votes 13-0 to remove homosexuality from its official list of psychiatric disorders
can look different for each person’s pronouns. Though it is common for nonbinary people to use they/them pronouns, that is not always the case. During an interaction with someone who lets you know they identify as nonbinary, ask questions like what pronouns they use rather than assuming. Depending on their response, ask if they would be willing to provide an example of how they would like their pronouns to be used in a sentence. For instance, someone’s pronouns could be she/they, they/she, he/they or they/he. Those four combinations may look and sound similar, but they can require different uses in a sentence depending on the individual. In some cases, the order can imply preference, in some the person would like them used interchangeably throughout a conversation and in others, the person might say they do not care or have a preference for which term is used at what time. There are many other combinations, forms and types of pronouns. Neopronouns are a newer example of this, neopronouns are a category of pronouns that can be used in place of “she,” “he” or “they” when referring to someone. Some examples include xe/xem/xyr, ze/hir/hirs and ey/em/ eir. Another newer example of pronouns are it/its. There are several things you can do, but the most important one is to ask the people in the community you are trying to help what they need from you. It is easy to be blinded by your yearning to help, so much so that the voices that matter, the voices of the community you are trying to help, are drowned out by people that call themselves allies. This can occur innocently with no malcontent, nevertheless, it could be detrimental to the fight for change. Information for timeline from GLSEN. Statistics from UCLA law school. Graphic by Katrell Readus.
Tammy Baldwin becomes the first openly lesbian candidate ever elected to Congress
NYC expands the definition of “gender” to include protections for transgender and gender nonconforming people
The U.S. Supreme Court overturns sodomy laws, giving rights to privacy and decriminalizing “homosexual” behavior.
The Supreme Court rules that states are required to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples.
Application anxiety augments Overwhelming college pressures have detrimental effects on students
uring late fall, when many Americans are busy planning for the holidays, looking for gifts and stocking up on warm clothing, many high school seniors across the country are occupied with a far less festive activity: applying to college. A quick stroll around the school would confirm this less-than-cheery outlook on applications; much of the chatter in classrooms, the CCA or even lunch tables revolves around stress about acceptance rates and submission deadlines. A large portion of the stress associated with applying to college is attributable to the process’ excessively competitive nature. With 61.2% of colleges seeing drops in acceptance rates over the past 20 years, per Pew Research Center, competition is as fierce as ever - especially in Hamilton County. The area produced more college applicants than any other county in Indiana in 2020, according to data from Common App. Though it is true that competition breeds excellence, when it comes to college admissions, our hypercompetitiveness is working largely to the detriment of students. There are several factors that contribute to this collegiate competitiveness, the largest of which is likely historical precedent. At a school with a graduation rate of 97% and traditionally strong academic success, it is oftentimes the
explicit expectation that a senior enrolls in college immediately after graduation. While the remarkable student achievement levels are commendable, they nonetheless contribute to a rather cutthroat culture that frequently places a higher emphasis on college attendance than student well-being. With such great importance being placed on standardized tests, semester grades and college acceptances, it is not difficult to see what makes the process so stress-inducing. Often, SAT scores and GPAs are compared as definite representations of academic abilities, resulting in feelings of inadequacy that are only compounded by the stressful application process itself. For students, maintaining and balancing a heavy course workload as well as applications for colleges and scholarships can be a formidable task. As found in a New York University study, 80% of high school students reported a great or moderate amount of stress stemming from daily school work. When additional (not to mention even more stressful) work related to college applications is added to the load, students can feel both overworked and overwhelmed. In order to alleviate at least a portion of this application anxiety, the school must reassess its priorities. Of course, college attendance and graduation rates are important, but they should not be bolstered at the expense
of student health. During one of the most stressful portions of high school, students should absolutely be offered support and encouragement to apply, but that motivation should not become excessive; giving too much emphasis to college applications makes the process more stressful than is necessary or healthy. It must be noted, too, that the excessive emphasis on college is at the expense of other post-high school options. When a school focuses so heavily on college readiness during employability lessons, school announcements and college fairs, it does so at the expense of other postgraduation paths. The “career” portion of college and career readiness is oft-overlooked but of equal consequence. In order to alleviate at least a portion of the stress associated with college applications and future planning, more attention should be given to career pathways as viable post-high school options. As a whole, our collegiate zeal and hypercompetitiveness has led to burnt-out students and frustration with the application process in its entirety. Remedying this is difficult given the school’s desire to maintain traditions of academic excellence, but by gradually lessening the importance placed on applications and increasing the attention given to alternative options, students can face significantly less stress and pressure.
An excess of college pamphlets, posters and letters litter the mailboxes of high school students around the ountry. Photo by Fletcher Haltom.
One Minute Later...
“Safety” guidelines lack safety District’s COVID guidelines defy logic, put school at risk Nate Albin
id you know that COVID-19 goes away after 3 p.m.? According to HSE School’s policy on masking, it does. Four months into the school year, the district has only seen one major COVID policy shift. Ever since the school added the mask mandate two weeks into school, it has been smooth sailing so far; however, there are some major red flags in the district’s health policies that could spell trouble later. The school policy gives the impression that spreading the virus is not an issue after 3 p.m. because the district policy says that masks only need to be worn “during the school day.” If you take a lap around FHS after school, it quickly becomes evident that this policy truly means masks only need to be worn during school hours. All over the building after hours, many do not wear masks, and, technically, they are not doing anything wrong. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
makes it clear that masks in school work - but only if they are actually used. The official CDC recommendation is for “universal indoor masking by students, staff members, faculty, and visitors in kindergarten through grade 12 (K - 12) schools, regardless of vaccination status.” They found that schools that do not properly mask up are 3.5 times more likely to have a widespread COVID outbreak. Those updated policies also include some aspects that seemingly have not been implemented at all. According to the policy, it is the “expectation” that students wash their hands when entering the building, exiting the building, before meals and during restroom breaks. The first three expectations have not been made clear or enforced while the last one is still an issue at times. Passing periods were supposed to be affected by the updated policy. However, early on this year as we reacclimated to 100% in-person school, the hallways
were as packed as ever before. If there have been any “measures to lessen congestion in hallways and improve conditions for social distancing” as policies require, they are not working. We are at a possible inflection point. Winter is coming. NPR reports that hospitals are worried about another devastating winter after over 250,000 Americans died of COVID last winter. Despite there being some cautiously optimistic forecasts for this winter, hospitals are concerned with unvaccinated populations, a strong flu season, possible COVID variants and overall unpredictability. For our school, this means enforcement needs to stiffen up guidelines so we can remain in-person. No one wants to go back to virtual, and the only way to try to counter the unpredictability outside of the building with the pandemic is to have smart, enforced guidelines inside the building. And no, there is no evidence that COVID goes away because a bell rings.
Comic by Nate Albin.
Thanks to hidden workers
Those behind the scenes help keep school moving forward
hanksgiving is upon us once again, and reminders to be thankful are here. Last year, a majority of the feelings of gratitude were aimed at essential workers, and rightfully so. Heroically, they were on the frontlines of the pandemic serving the ill with dwindling supplies amidst increasing cases. Now, while still facing issues from the pandemic, the vaccine has helped lessen the load on essential workers. This year, the thing that people should be most thankful for are the people quietly working behind the scenes to ensure we have some semblance of normalcy. This time last year, HSE Schools had recently gone virtual again. After roughly two months of 50/50 in-person education, Hamilton County saw a surge in cases that led to the decision. That period was one of loss.
Deaths per day from COVID were peaking while many families could not get together for the holiday and many traditional activities like Thanksgiving parades and football games were either canceled or held without spectators. It was different. A year later, we are better but not completely better. The vaccine is here, but not without controversy. Mask mandates remain in place in some locations, but they are optional elsewhere. During this period where we still are facing dangers from the pandemic but also enjoy some aspects of normalcy, it is important to be thankful for the people doing the little things to keep things moving forward. At FHS, these are the people behind the scenes. The secretaries make sure to keep all the information this school takes in and inform FHS staff
members and students with the information that they need. Nurses and athletic trainers work tirelessly to make sure our student population is healthy and continue doing the activities we love. Whenever a teacher is absent, a substitute teacher is ready to keep a class running on a moment’s notice. Without the people who quietly take action to keep the school running, the school would hardly function. This is true of the community at large as well. If we did not have workers to run the stores, clear the streets and protect the community, the city as a whole would struggle. This Thanksgiving, these are some of the people we need to be especially thankful for. As Thanksgiving comes and goes, remember these people and their hard work that quietly keeps things moving forward.
Due to the substitute teacher shortage, classes have regularly been forced to sit in the CCA and do online assignments. Without subs, more students will be missplaced, leading to more trouble. Photo by Nate Albin.
Editorial Policy Tiger Topics Tiger Times is the oﬃcial monthly newsmagazine of Fishers High School. It is distributed free to approximately 3700 students and over 300 student personnel. It is designed, written and edited by students. Opinions expressed in the newsmagazine do not necessarily represent those of the adviser, administration or staff. Letters to the adviser may be submitted to A218, and must contain the writer’s phone number for verification. Letters to the editor will not be published anonymously. If there is any incorrect information, corrections will be made in the next issue. Editorial
Mission Statement As the student-run newsmagazine of FHS, Tiger Times is dedicated to providing the staff, students and community of FHS with a timely, entertaining and factual publication once a month by the means of public forum. In publishing articles that students enjoy reading, we are furthering both the educational experience and the expansion of FHS culture. The staff works to create a sense of unity and awareness and allow the students of FHS to have a better insight to the world around them Tiger Times
1. Friendly root vegetable 2. Topic that sparks controversy at family gatherings 3. Birdception 4. Vessel for a hodgepodge of ingredients 6. Maize loaf 9. Founding father who wanted the turkey to be the national bird 10. The brown snow covering Mt. Mashed Potato 11. Lazy person’s Black Friday 13. Protein source in the comics section 18. Lane Kiffin’s favorite breakfast food 20. Thanksgiving soymeat in avian form 21. Common post-Thanksgiving activity 24. Teddy bear filling or Thanksgiving side 26. Masculine turkey with a sandwich named after him at Jimmy John’s 29. Brick and mortar department store that sponsors a parade
5. Cattle wranglers of the NFC East 7. A pumpkin’s final resting place 8. Jamestown residents 12. Woven horn of plenty 14. Still hasn’t kicked the Thanksgiving football 15. Ocean Spray’s hallmark juice 16. April flowers bring this singular colonial ship 17. Scrumptious Middle Eastern country 19. Is the Pope Catholic? 20. Black Friday Eve 22. Old-fashioned breakfast food 23. Full moon closest to the autumn equinox 25. Commonly diagnosed affliction after Thanksgiving dinner 26. A bird’s leisurely morning jog 27. Tisquantum 28. Kings of the jungle that probably shouldn’t be allowed to play football 30. Fowl beard