TIGER TIMES a � t n o s t i t e i o m n i T
Table of Contents 04 06 07 08
News Library Construction School Safety No Shave November School Board Election
10 12 13 14 15 16
Features School Beliefs Working to Give Anastasia New Club Leaders Unique Classes Showing Gratitude
18 20 21 22 24
Sports Seasonal Sports High school Recruitment Pickleball Marching Band Esports
25 26 28 29 30
Opinion Benched Players College Tuition Wakanda Forever Hair Prejudice Editorial
Cover by Madelyn Lerew. Close up photo of Big Ben’s clock tower signifying change of time. Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons. Back cover: Top left and right clock photos courtesy of Wikimedia Commons, bottom left clock photo by Veda Thangudu and bottom right clock photo by Beth Montgomery. Page 2
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@fhstigertimes November 2022
Tiger Times Staff Editorial Board
Malak Samara Editor-in-Chief/News Editor
Veda Thangudu Features Editor
Madelyn Lerew Online Editor
Katrell Readus Opinion Editor
Emerson Elledge Copy Editor
Jakob Polly Assistant Online Editor
Rosie Towler Unity Director
Revitalizing reading Fishers, Noblesville public libraries continue renovations
he Noblesville and Fishers public libraries, constructed in 1986 and 1993 respectively, have long served Hamilton County and its constituents. Serving over 94,000 card holders and 390,000 yearly visitors, the Hamilton East Public Library (HEPL) has long aided avid readers, artists, musicians and researchers in their literary, artistic and academic pursuits. To accommodate a growing Hamilton County that expects a population of 528,000 by 2050, both HEPL locations have begun construction on major improvements and renovations. The renovations focus on improving traffic flow, providing better access to services and increasing the amount of green space available to patrons. “One of our big goals [with the renovations] is accessibility,” HEPL Director of Public Services Amber Wright said. “We’re making it safer for drivers and pedestrians to interact in our spaces.” To further help facilitate improved access to the libraries, all doors and elevators are being upgraded to be in full compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), accommodating those with physical disabilities.
Jakob Polly Although the facilities were ADA compliant upon initial completion of the libraries, the standards have since been updated, requiring refurbishments. “I’m really excited that this library system is willing to make the changes needed to make it a more accessible space to all members of our community,” Wright said. In making the facilities more accessible, the infrastructure and interior of the two libraries are also getting major overhauls, including new heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) units, lighting systems and carpets. “Some of the big things we’re working on is infrastructure
firstname.lastname@example.org because we want to be good stewards of taxpayers’ money,” Wright said. “That means keeping our stuff in good working order.” Included in the renovations at the Noblesville location is an update to the local history room, candidly named the ‘Indiana Room.’ As one of those involved in the redesign of the Indiana Room, HEPL Chief Impact Officer John Helling feels that the work being done on the Indiana room is incredibly important. “We are trying to add services that are more in line with what people today expect,” Helling said. “In other words, not just books, charts and maps, but interactive exhibits where you
An architectural rendering of the currently under construction north entryway at the Fishers public library. The expansion is set to open sometime in 2023. Photo used with permission of Hamilton East Public Library.
can come and leave your own digital history – record stories that [would otherwise be lost] when people pass away.” In addition to the interior, the exteriors of both locations are also getting major redesigns, including new landscaping, outdoor seating and bicycle racks, and for the Fishers location, an entirely new entrance. “[In the Fishers library], we are renovating the lower level, so there will be a new front door,” Wright said. “Essentially the front door… is going to be flipped.” Although the project is still moving along, HEPL has yet to release a firm date of completion, but staff remains confident that it will be completed before the end of 2023. “We have general ideas [as to when construction will finish], but this being the post-COVID era, we’re dealing with supply chain issues – stuff that doesn’t happen according to plan,” Helling said. For many regular patrons of the library, such as senior Laynie Cheek, this delay is easy to ignore given what lies in store once construction ceases. “[The renovations] are going to be really beneficial for everyone going there,” Cheek said. “I think they’re making the right decision.” To Helling, the benefits of the library far outweigh any costs incurred through renovations. “The library is the last place in the United States where you can
An architectural rendering of the currently under construction entryway at the Noblesville public library. The expansion is set to open sometime in 2023. Photo used with permission of Hamilton East Public Library. come in for free, access anything that’s in the building, you’re not expected to pay any money, and the staff will help you no matter what your question is,” Helling said. Both Wright and Helling stressed that library staff, given however odd a request, will aid you tirelessly. “No matter [your question], we will do our level best to meet your information need,” Helling said. “That’s anything from a kid who wants to know about t-rexes, to someone who just lost their job and needs help creating a new resume… To me it’s awesome that that kind of service exists and we can do that everyday for people.” Similarly to Helling, Wright feels as though libraries are an essential part of the community. “There’s a place for you here,” Wright said. “[The library] is a place where you can exist for free and you don’t get that anywhere else.”
d Downloa ort It! HSE Rep
Precautions in place FHS aims to promote safety in wake of St. Louis shooting
Access code: hsereportit
n Oct. 24, three people were killed in a mass shooting at Central Visual and Performing Arts High School in St. Louis, Missouri. The gunman, a former student, entered the building through a side entryway and opened fire on the fourth floor, killing a student and teacher before being shot by police. According to CNN, there have been at least 53 school shootings at K-12 schools in the U.S. this year, a total larger than in all of 2021. An event that has become even more frequent since 2018; the year that created a lasting fear in senior Mira Athmarao’s mind. “I vividly remember being in my seventh grade social studies class when [Noblesville High School] got the news about the shooting [at Noblesville West Middle School], and I was frantically texting my friend there, [to see if they] would be okay,” Athmarao said. “Ever since that day, every classroom I go into, [I am thinking], ‘what’s the best escape route?’ That constantly runs through my mind.” For junior Hannah Decaudin, the Noblesville West shooting also left a lingering fear in her mind. Over time, her fear has shrunk, and she believes FHS has done well at preventing a similar situation from happening. “I feel like teachers and the school are very open about the protections they take,” Decaudin said. “We have all the signs that show what to do in each stage
of [security] in the school. Teachers are made to lock doors in case of emergency, and they make sure to not have students prop the doors open [as well as] keeping outside doors locked during the school day.” Fishers follows an Indiana state requirement to conduct an active shooter drill once a semester. However, it is a drill that Athmarao does not see as beneficial to student safety. “I think that the drill itself is kind of useless because it [might not] be a random person that’s forcing their way in,” Athmarao said. “I believe if there was a shooter, then [they] would be from our school, because that’s what we’ve seen in cases of other public shootings. So teaching the shooter how we plan to avoid their rampage is [not] the best idea to go about it.” Decaudin finds the A.L.I.C.E. (Alert, Lockdown, Inform, Counter, Evacuate) drill to be important in preparing for an unexpected person from outside the building. “It’s important to know what to do in case of an intruder and especially to know the best way to exit and find safety,” Decaudin said. “And if that’s not possible, how to defend yourself.” The school district utilizes an app called ‘HSE Report It!’ that allows students, staff and community members to send anonymous information regarding safety concerns. According to Assistant Principal Chrissie Sturgill, it is an important communicative platform.
“We get such good information,” Sturgill said. ”As long as students continue to look out for one another, that is going to be…the biggest thing throughout the country. Things that have stopped major things from happening are kids reporting things that are happening, and our kids are doing a great job of letting us know anything that they have of concern.” While some schools have aimed to create a safer environment by requiring students to wear clear backpacks, Decaudin and Athmarao agree that would be an invasion of privacy. Sturgill says this approach to safety has not proven to be successful. “[In] the St. Louis shooting, that person did not go to that school,“ Sturgill said. “The one in Texas, the kid did not go to that school. The one in Florida, the person came into the school. If we were to have clear backpacks, that still doesn’t stop any of those three shootings right there.” While the ideas on how to keep a school safe may differ from individual to individual, Sturgill presents a more humane way to try and prevent a more frequent tragedy from occurring. “I would encourage students to just look out for each other and treat each other with kindness,” Sturgill said. “If we could do that at Fishers High School, if we can make that our culture, I think that will help, too.”
No Shave November National Honor Society members begin fundraising Lainey Akins
ational Honor Society (NHS) has begun their fundraising project called ‘No Shave November,’ which is dedicated to collecting money for Indiana’s Center for Prevention of Youth Abuse and Suicide. The members do a variety of things to help collect money. Spanish teacher Elizabeth Schulhof is the sponsor of NHS and is the main contributor to how ‘No Shave November’ is planned and organized. “You’re put into teams with teachers and each team is supposed to raise as much money as possible,” Schulhof said. “It’s sort of a tournament style to see which team can raise the most money. At the end, we count it all up and see how much money we raised.” The teams typically consist of five to six NHS students, alongside a male and female teacher. Teachers grow beards to raise money, while the students collect money in buckets that are kept at their desk. Junior Jennifer Jo became a member of NHS this year, making this her first time participating in ‘No Shave November’. “[NHS] makes each student pick up a bucket and then you take that bucket and you start collecting money,” Jo said. “There can be various ways to collect money. Our group was thinking of selling baked goods at sports games.” The teams brainstorm ways to meet their fundraising goals, and each team’s strategies are different. This year, NHS is focusing on incorporating the students in the creative process. “I love seeing the creativity that
some of the teachers and the students have for raising money,” Schulhof said. “I remember one teacher a few years ago told his kids that if he raised a certain amount of money, he would do cartwheels all the way down the hallway.” Along with the increase in the involvement of the NHS students, they are also utilizing other methods of fundraising. Senior Griffin Chesebrough is co-president of NHS and is working to help improve ‘No Shave November.’ “We’re offering people to use certain things like or selling cookies on their own,” Chesebrough said. “Throughout the month, we’re gonna be trying to give more opportunities to our members so that they can be more creative [and it is a] more fun experience for all people involved.” Previously NHS students were required to turn in their collected donations each day, but the club has decided to transition to weekly turn-ins instead. Schulhof hopes to collect even more money than last year. “I think last year we raised somewhere around $11,000, so I would love to surpass that and possibly get $12,000 or even more,” Schulhof said. The money that is going to Indiana’s Center for Prevention of Youth Abuse and Suicide, will help educate people on how to recognize signs of abuse to prevent dangerous situations from fully forming. “We wanted to do something that was obviously related to youth, rather than supporting an
adult because [the students at our school] are our youth,” Schulhof said. The ‘Riley Dance Marathon’ club is dedicated to fundraising for Riley hospitals, so Schulhof believed it was important to donate to other organizations as well. “We didn’t want to do anything related to Riley because we feel like Riley gets a lot of attention, not just in our school, but in many schools,” Schulhof said. “The other reason why we selected this particular organization is because so many youth now a days are struggling with depression and are at higher risk of suicide, so we felt like that was a good cause to support.” While the NHS students’ main task is fundraising, leaders of NHS are working to make sure every member can be involved in helping the cause through different efforts. “We try to make it so that even if you don’t have money to donate or if you aren’t someone who loves begging your friends for money, there’s opportunities for you to actually be involved through things like counting money after school or through selling things,” Chesebrough said. ‘No Shave November’ is an ideal example of what NHS stands for and what their mission ultimately is. At the end of the day, the organization serves to help others without anything in return to ensure people receive the help and resources they need. “I’m most excited about helping the cause for suicide prevention, [and] also the joy that comes out of raising money for a good cause,” Jo said.
Junior Lily Sharp with a No Shave November fundraising bucket on Oct. 28. Photo by Lainey Akins.
Growing divide in elections The school board campaigns raises concern about their political nature Malak Samara
ost residents in the district over the age of 18 either go to the ballots on Nov. 8 or fill out an absentee ballot to vote for the school board member they believe should win. For the past couple of weeks, students, parents and teachers alike have been witnessing the campaigns to help them form an idea of who they see as the best fit to make decisions for HSE schools. “The school board basically decides what policies go on with the school district,” freshman Grace Pedersen said. “When you follow along with all of the candidate’s intentions, it really puts into perspective that it does truly matter who you’re voting for or will be voted in.” School board members oversee the district and make decisions and policies that they feel need to be implemented to make the school environment more efficient. This can include redistricting and the tax referendum. Due to the candidates’ varied views, there has been more involvement from the student body compared to previous years. Both junior Justin Zeisig and Pedersen also attribute the increase in involvement to students growing up and becoming more aware of their community. “[The school board elections] really got my attention just because of all the diversity [within candidates],” Pedersen
said. “Now that I’m older and in high school, I can understand the effects that these choices [have].” The political nature and factions of this years election caught the attention of most people who will be affected by the results which is another reason there have been more eyes on it this year. “The world is being a bit more divided today than it has been in decades,” Pedersen said. “Some candidates have strong [opinions] on what should and shouldn’t be taught at school, as well as certain actions that should and shouldn’t be done. Candidates want the best thing for students, so addressing these things really get put into play.” LarryInFishers blogger Larry Lannan, who has been a journalist for 13 years and has been running his blog for 11 years, also recognizes the endorsements to further push the candidates to engrave politics into their campaigns. “We’ve seen, for example, the Hamilton County Republican Party backing a slate of candidates,” Lannan said. “The school board elections in Indiana are nonpartisan, so that’s unusual. Not unheard of, but unusual for one of the political parties to get involved in the school board election.” The political nature of a school board election could potentially become a part of the process, formally. The
state legislator had proposed to switch from a nonpartisan school board election to a partisan one in January. This would mean candidates would have to identify with a political party, whether it is Democrat, Republican or Independent. The proposal did not pass but can come back in the future. “I still think nonpartisan elections work best for school boards because that has a very special meaning to a local community [in] how the school is run,” Lannan said. “The school systems are the center of not just education, but a number of other situations like the extracurricular activities.” There are both benefits and disadvantages to a partisan or even heavily political nonpartisan debate. Zeisig recognized that due to the nature of the election, it being for the school, it should not be as aggressive as he believes it is playing out to be. On the other hand, he was able to understand why some people would want politics tied into the election. “I think [political school board elections] definitely brings some bias in the voter’s eyes,” Zeisig said. “[The voters] could agree with most of their points, but if they’re a Republican and the [candidate identifies] as a Democrat then it could be a big deal breaker for the voter. I feel like a pro might be you’re probably guaranteed to get some
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Encouraging inclusivity Maintaining a positive environment for students allows for academic achievement Ameera Tai
Students in SAFE host a civic action workshop on Feb. 23. Building a close community helps clubs like SAFE work together to reach their higher goals. Photo used with permission of Renee Isom.
“Each student deserves a school where educators teach inclusively and dismantle barriers that prohibit students from their authentic selves,” the FHS website said.
osted around the building, on the FHS website, and repeated daily in the announcements, Tigers are constantly reminded to ‘have pride, show character and build tradition.’ The belief statement emphasizes the importance of community within the school. To sophomore Virginia Hernandez, fostering respect, integrity and perseverance are major goals set to create a positive learning experience for students. The school website states its core purpose as “‘[preparing] our students as lifelong learners who positively impact an ever-changing world.’” “It gives [students and staff] a sense of belonging and being considered family,” Hernandez said. According to the school website, the message aims to promote growth amongst students both academically and emotionally. Senior academic dean Nawla Williams recalls how when crafting the mission statement, the teachers, students and stakeholders looking at it wanted to focus on equality and the importance of a respectful environment. “Belonging is huge for us,” Williams said. “If you don’t have a sense that you belong in this building, it’s hard to concentrate on [classes] when you are worried about other things that make you uncomfortable.” A method to encourage community is through school
email@example.com sanctioned activities. Junior class officer Lily Sharp believes these events generate excitement and motivate students to become more active members in the school. “We have spirit days and spirit leaders,” Sharp said. “They all make an effort to try and get people to go to the games.” Through ways like showing school spirit, FHS expresses their strong value in community, as they believe it will build the acceptance of students. According to the Hamilton Southeastern School’s Non-Discrimination & Non-Harassment Statement, acceptance between students and staff allows a better opportunity to succeed. By implementing policies disapproving of discriminatory behaviors, the district attempts to create a safe learning space. “You’ve got to feel safe and connected to people in the building,” Williams said. “If you have safety and belonging, then you can concentrate on things that are more executive.” Additionally, there are some, such as Hernandez, who feel impacted by these beliefs. She shares how she has previously attended four other schools, but has felt this is the only one that cares about her well being. “I think this school does a really good job at maintaining a healthy environment,” Hernandez said. “Especially because I come from a place
where those things aren’t really enforced enough.” Providing adequate support and accountability within students as they move towards graduation is how Williams believes teachers are able to build community. She mentioned how employability classes encourage students and teachers to talk about serious topics, which further helps bring everyone together. “It’s nice to know that we have a staff that is making an effort to try and incorporate [inclusive] into our school,” Sharp said. However, there are some who feel as though efforts to improve the school are offset by academic competition. Sharp believes that the deemed importance of academic achievements,
like SAT scores and grades, can cause students to value appearance to others over the intended message of promoting acceptance. “I think it is good that we have [mission statements] in our handbook and that students are aware we have them,” Sharp said. “[But] sometimes they aren’t being enforced in the best way.” Additionally, with the widespread use of social media, hateful speech is easier to spread and can be amplified. According to the National Bullying Prevention Center, there has been an increase in bullying by nearly 20% since 2007. “People can just be so very hateful [and it] kind of breaks
apart [the] community,” Sharp said. The impacts of an accepting student body can easily be countered by those who choose to create a negative environment and ignore action that should be taken to continue improving the school. Efforts taken by administration and student government leaders allow for improvement that works towards accomplishing the goals mentioned. “I feel like there’s a lot of things that go unmentioned and [no one] takes any action to stop what they’re seeing,” Sharp said. “And if we really, truly want to act as a community for our school, we need to take action. If we see something, say something,”
Working 9 to 5 Elves are not the only ones busy this time of year Madelyn Garber
A Four out of five interviewees mentioned their job employment. Here is where they all work and why each student enjoys working there.
4 Paws Lodge is a lodging facility for our four-legged friends. Natalie Barker loves working hear because of the puppies and clean atmosphere.
Dunkin’ Donuts is a bakery and coffeehouse. Easton Cummings enjoys working here because of the people and experience.
Handel’s is an ice cream shop. Connor Razo just started working here on the Nov. 2.
Panera Bread is a deli and lunch restaurant. Grace Fox enjoys working here because of the people and the distance to her house. Infographic by Madelyn Garber.
s the holidays approach, many students are having changes occur in the schedule, specifically their work schedule. High school students tend to be busy around the holiday months because of the family events, finals and personal happenings that the season entails. While the Board of Certified Safety Professionals suggests that employment rates are higher during the holidays, this does not necessarily reflect in the high school student body. Some students are not willing to give up the limited family time that is what makes November and December special. “I feel like when it comes to the holidays and jobs, I want to be more with my family, rather than working,” senior Natalie Barker, who works at 4 Paws Lodge, said. “I can’t be at two places at once, as much as I enjoy the neat environment and enjoy working with dogs.” Barker currently works five times a week, but plans to drop two of those days because of her holiday schedule in the coming months. “I feel like my boss isn’t a family person, “ Barker said. “I feel like they don’t understand how my family is super familyoriented, and I have noticed that a lot of people aren’t like that,” While Barker was hopeful that weather changes would not affect her schedule too drastically, other students felt differently.
firstname.lastname@example.org “I hope the weather affects my schedule because I don’t want to go to work,” junior Grace Fox said. Connor Razo, a senior, plans to dedicate his paychecks to preparing for holiday gifts. “I would 100% work more to buy gifts for family and friends,” Razo said. “The issue right now, is that no matter how much I ask [management] to schedule me, they just barely schedule me.” Meanwhile, Easton Cummings, a sophomore, and Randa Nouk, a junior, said that they were not concerned about not making money for gifts this season. “I’m not concerned about money for gifts, because I don’t really pay for them,” Nouk, a currently unemployed junior, said. “However, I do want the money for college and maybe a car. [I want money for] more independence, overall, honestly.” “I have a lot of money saved up from the last couple months,” Cummings, who has worked at Dunkin’ Donuts for four months, said. “I’m not as concerned about the money for the gifts, rather than the gifts themselves.” While the holidays don’t actively affect the schedules of high schoolers, jobs around the holidays do cause a lot of deliberation and pre-planning that not every other activity outside of school does.
Anastasia: Journey to Indy Famous musical brings long-lost princess to the Murat Aislinn Wilford
nastasia, the musical based on the 21st Century Fox film, came to Indianapolis from Oct. 18-23, which gave Hoosiers the chance to see this Broadway production. “I really love the storyline and a lot of the songs are really iconic,” said sophomore Adelaide Akins, who has said she’s taken an active part in theatre since fifth grade. Akins is currently slotted to play Paulette in Fishers High School’s upcoming musical, ‘Legally Blonde.’ She expressed her wish to perform in Anastasia one day. “I don’t really have a specific role in mind that would be my favorite, but I honestly think that even being in the chorus for that show would be really fun,” said Akins. Anastasia has featured in many big cities since its introduction to Broadway in 2017. Junior Madelyn Garber planned on seeing it with her family over fall break. According to Garber, Indiana is practically in the middle of nowhere, so nobody would ever come here. “I don’t think that anybody would ever think first ‘Let’s go to Indiana!’ I just think that’s kind of remarkable,” she said. The movie that this musical was based on, which hit
theaters in 1997, features many magical moments, most notably: The character Anya’s dream sequence in “Once Upon a December.” Translating onscreen magic to a live performance would be a challenge for any production. The audience’s suspension of belief could depend on how the presentation is managed. “I want it to flow, if I’m going to watch it live,” said Garber. “If they make it so that it flows better and props just ‘magically appear’ on the stage I’ll find it more interesting and I’ll be able to focus on the characters.” While not frequent, there are some big changes between the movie and the musical. In the preBroadway performance, Anya’s dress was different from the original movie version. When it hit Broadway, it was changed again to make it resemble the movie version more closely. The musical has already made changes regarding the antagonist and will possibly make more. “I’m excited to see the music, and to see how they portray the characters differently, because you can’t make everything exactly the same because it’s live
Cosplayer greyloch poses as Princess Anastasia. Photo used with permission of Flickr.
versus tv,” said Garber. “So, I think it’ll be really interesting to see the differences in that.” Throughout the story there are many different scene changes. The characters travel all the way from St. Petersburg, Russia to Paris, France. Assumably, the change in scenes would be very difficult, but freshman Lucia Camacho thinks they were one of the most interesting parts. “I just wanted to see the sets… and how the actors changed in and out of their costumes really easily and how fast they were and how they could memorize choreography,” she said. Camacho saw the production over fall break on Oct. 17 and was excited to see her first musical in person. “It felt really cool,” she said. “It felt as if I was in the moment.” Tiger Times
The life of a club president Club presidents open up about their duties, responsibilities
1. Junior Talia Mahmoud smiles while drawing her display to represent Cultural Connections club on Sept. 11 in the CCA. 2. NHS co-president senior Griffin Chesebrough draws a design on the window. Photos by Emerson Elledge.
eadership, according to the Oxford dictionary, is the action of leading a group of people or an organization. Club presidents all exemplify this in one way or another through the time they put into ensuring that their club runs smoothly. ASL Club President senior Capritta Ray opened up regarding how she felt about the workload for her club, and how she is able to handle it. “I plan the agenda for every meeting, and I’m so thankful for my vice president and secretary who help execute those plans,” Ray said. Ray discussed what inspired her to be the ASL Club president for the past two years. “I have always had a huge motivation to educate [people] about Deaf oppression and share the experiences I’ve had with two deaf parents,” Ray said. “When I heard about the Fishers ASL club, I couldn’t pass up the opportunity.” GSA Club president junior Silas Cloud-Tozer felt that he made a positive impact on the members of the club. “The fact that people get excited to come to GSA and often look forward to it brings
“We weren’t very organized so a lot of things that needed to get done for our events happened at the last minute which was stressful,” Mahmoud said. “But now, it’s a lot more manageable since we have other officers and other leaders to help with the workload. We also now know what to expect with the workload and can plan accordingly.” Outside of Cultural Connections Club, Mahmoud also participates in other extracurriculars like Key Club, HOSA, Democrats Club, National Honors Society and Muslim Student Association. Mahmoud talks about how she 2 plans out her month by being involved in all of these activities. “I saw GSA as a safe space for “I keep all my upcoming people such as myself.” meeting dates on a calendar on Cloud-Tozer enjoys leading my phone,” Mahmoud said. “I and feels he is skilled at being a join the Remind of all my clubs leader. “I wanted our club to leave an so I can get notified with any updates.” impact,” Cloud-Tozer said. “I Mahmoud promoted an event decided that I was willing to take on Nov. 17, from 3-6 p.m., in the the responsibility to voice our media center. thoughts on various LGBTQ+ “Cultural Connections Club is related news stories.” Cultural Connections Club co- having a workshop,” Mahmoud president junior Talia Mahmoud said, “It’s for anyone looking to create a poster or help out with elaborates on the struggle of running a new club with little to planning for the international fair.” no experience. me joy,” Cloud-Tozer said. “[That] makes me feel as if they believe I’m doing a good job.” Cloud-Tozer joined GSA so he can surround himself with people that he can relate to. “For most of my life I’ve been a member of the LGBTQ+ community,” Cloud-Tozer said.
Scheduling spotlight Taking a glimpse into unique classes offered at FHS Alex Duer
t Fishers High School, there consists a wide variety of classes available for students to take. From American Experience down to Zoology, there are plenty of classes that offer unique environments and opportunities for learning. With over one hundred classes to choose from, students can take classes that extend to all kinds of college and career paths. For those who want to study film, are film junkies or simply enjoy watching movies, Film Literature is a safe choice. “We have watched films like the Dark Knight, Jaws, and Jurassic World,” junior Connor Egge said. “They were classics I had not seen, and they were very fun to watch.” One aspect Film Literature explores is the details behind a film’s composition. At times, these ideas are more abstract than at first glance, an example being shape theory. “We have looked at shapes, and how the human eye sees those shapes,” Egge said. “For example, elements such as a corridor or the golden ratio, ideas you would not notice unless you took the course.” Adding onto that idea, as senior Sandi Bramlett explains, there is a story behind every detail. “There are a lot of elements that make a story, a story,” Bramlett said. “There is a story in the way the camera moves, the way the lighting is set up, the characters’ face(s) and so on.”
Along with studying film, the course also dives into the practice of movie-making, which both Egge and Bramlett found to be exciting. “We are also creating our own film that we get to share,” Egge said. “It gives you a sense of how huge movie productions are made.” Although subject to change, instead of a standardized test for the final exam, the course’s final consisted of producing a short film, directed by and featuring students taking the class. “Our final exam was to create a sixty second movie,” Bramlett said. “I helped write the film, and I also worked on editing it and capturing it. It was honestly pretty fun.” At the upperclassmen level, the list of available courses contains plenty of challenging classes to accidentally choose from. For students concerned with difficulty or commitment, according to Bramlett, the class is not one to stress over. “The assignments were very different from my other classes,” Bramlett said. “I never had a test or quiz to take. We did little writing assignments, but other than that, we mainly watched films and talked about them, and worked on our movie.” Another unique class offered is Theory of Knowledge, a class like no other found in the school. As the course description states, Theory of Knowledge (TOK) is a thought-provoking course that, through a list of thirty five
questions, guides students to better understand themselves and the world around them. “Theory of Knowledge is about how we know what we know,” senior James Wilkes said. “A lot of our assignments are based around how we gain knowledge, and the five areas of knowledge: math, history, art, and natural and human sciences.” As a current student, Wilkes explained how the class sets itself apart from the others he is taking. “TOK is structured very differently from other classes,” Wilkes said. “It is very free, and Mr. Seland, the teacher, gives assignments that are broad, which we interpret however we want.” Similar to Film Literature, Theory of Knowledge differs in format and workload compared to other classes. “He also gives fun assignments,” Wilkes said. “For example, we did a show and tell which connected back to a TOK question, but it was also an interesting way to learn more about our classmates.” Wilkes said. TOK is a required course for International Baccalaureate students, a rigorous preuniversity course of studies. However, Wilkes personally found the class to be on the contrary. “TOK is actually the easiest class that I have taken in my four years of high school,” Wilkes said. “It is because of the freedom the course gives; we are unrestrained in what we can do.”
Giving thanks for Thanksgiving
Significance of gratitude and ways to express it to create stronger bonds
s the last fall breeze gets closer and the time of Thanksgiving rolls around, many start realizing the importance of gratitude in their lives. Healthline, a platform created for the public to share health related experiences, states that during fall, reduced sunlight is one of the causes of decreased levels of serotonin and increased levels of melatonin, which have detrimental effects on mental health for many. Both serotonin and melatonin are hormones responsible for happiness and sleepiness respectively. Change in levels of both the hormones usually tends to begin a search for things that make people happy. Different individuals have various ways of putting what they think gratitude is into words. AP Psychology teacher Matthew Follman believes that it is important for humans to give and receive recognition. “[Receiving gratitude compliments] a validation in human behavior,” Follman said. Dr. Martin E. P. Seligman, a psychologist at University of Pennsylvania, conducted a study that showed increased happiness scores after writing appreciation letters. The effects of this experiment lasted for a month. Junior Gracelynn Hyman believes that being grateful and showcasing that to people around is important. Gratitude helps people on both sides: the one expressing it and the one receiving it. “It not only makes you a happier person, but it makes everyone around you feel appreciated,” Hyman said. “When you do say [that you’re thankful] to them, it means more than you would ever even imagine.” Junior Vani Sharma believes that receiving compliments out of appreciation helps boost confidence. “I think gratitude is something that’s really important to show,” Sharma said. “Others might not be having the best days. So when you show gratitude, that really makes a big difference in their lives.” Hyman believes that showing thankfulness is more effective than complimenting looks. According to her, it acknowledges the individual’s personality and themselves as a whole, rather than just their appearance and style. “The compliment ‘I’m thankful for you’ is one of the best compliments you could receive,” Hyman said. “You could get a physical compliment on your appearance or on the way you dress or look, but when you’re truly thankful for someone, that’s a whole other feeling.” Sharma explained about a time when she and her family volunteered at Ronald McDonald House, a non-profit organization at Riley Hospital. They served meals for homeless people. “‘Thank you so much’ that just literally made our days, because those words, even so simple, are so impactful,” Sharma said. According to Harvard’s medical school, acts of recognition not only apply to studies, but also typical dayto-day lives. For instance, managers thanking employees before the end of the shift motivates employees to work harder. Follman agrees that this is accurate to himself. “Getting positive feedback makes me want to be a better person and contribute more,” Follman said. The brain works as an ‘onion,’ as Follman describes it. The oldest parts of our brain are the most internal, and include our fight or flight reactions and emotional response. “[Towards the outer side of the brain] we get to what truly makes us human, which is our upper cortex,” Follman said. “Prefrontal and frontal cortex is where we establish our socialization and [human interactions]. [Acts of appreciation are] going to hit those reward centers. So anytime you feel good about something, you’re gonna have dopamine and serotonin rush.” In research conducted by Positive Psychology, a learning environment for psychologists, gratitude is strongly and consistently associated with greater happiness. Expressing thankfulness helps people feel more positive emotions, relish good experiences, improve their health, deal with adversity and build strong relationships. “When we look at anything related to just human interactions, especially with social psychology and how we get along as a society, [we should be] recognized for what and how we contribute or the value they have added in someone else’s life,” Follman said. Veda Thangudu
Thank you! Page 16
Give cards Play music for them Verbal feedback Social media Write a letter “We have social media now where we can go and recognize someone for the deeds they do,” Follman said.
Send them a nice text
Help with chores and errands Check up on people
Give gifts “We’re a materialistic society, so gifts are always pleasant to give to someone,” Follman said.
No days off FHS athletes transition from fall to winter sports David Jacobs
HS is the proud host of four boys fall sports, four girls fall sports and one co-ed. In the winter, that list shrinks to three sports for each and one co-ed. With so much selection, it is nearly a given that a select few athletes will go straight from a fall sport to a winter sport. For junior Hannah Brown, the transition from fall running to winter swimming has been a reality since the young age of 11. “I do the 100-yard breaststroke, 200-yard individual medley and
FHS receiver, JonAnthony Hall, evades defenders in a 28-17 win over Pike. Photo couretesy of JonAnthony Hall.
the medley relay,” said Brown. “I love cross country and swimming for different reasons, they are just so hard to compare.” For junior Jacob Carroll, going from football to wrestling is often a grind. From doing everything he can to gain weight and maintain it during football season, to having to drop that weight again for wrestling. 71.4% of 15 fall athletes who play multiple However, for Carroll, that is just sports play football. Information collected about two practices of time to through Google Form on Fishers Tiger lose the weight he needs. Times Instagram on Nov. 8. “It is a huge jump, just the work it takes is so different,” said Carroll. “It is just such different conditioning [going from football to wrestling] that you need, that it takes a couple weeks to get adjusted.” Having to readjust is common among multi-sport athletes, and the time given to readjust is often little to none, with the average time off between the last fall game to first winter game being just over two weeks. “It depends on how far the team goes for football, but I always end up missing a couple [wrestling] practices at least,” said Carroll. Although the football season ended on Nov. 4, football players have already started their off season training program while the first wrestling meet is scheduled for Nov. 16 and the first basketball scrimmage on Nov. 17. “It gets tricky getting into the flow and building team chemistry,” said sophomore varsity wide receiver and combo guard JonAnthony Hall. “I FHS wrestler, Jacob Carroll, eyes up his usually try to get in some side opponent. Photo courtesy of Jacob Carroll.
78.6% of 15 spring athletes who play multiple sports do track and field. Information collected through Google Form on Fishers Tiger Times Instagram on Nov. 8. work [during football] so I am not too far behind, especially with [how] fast I have to go with the [basketball] season coming up.” The girls cross country season, on the other hand, wrapped up on Oct. 22 and the first girls swim meet is Nov. 21. “The transition from cross country to swimming is pretty difficult because swimming is so time-consuming,” said Brown. “I try to run on Sundays during swim season so I am good for track in the spring. Other than that, I just have to do my best until I am fully back to where I was in swimming.” Regardless of the amount of time in between seasons, recovery is key for all athletes. All athletes are given a strength and conditioning program provided by the athletic trainer, Josh Jones, and even have access to a training staff led by Bruce Willard. “Lots of rest is key for recovery,” said Hall. “When I can find time to stretch and relax, as well as not doing much before and after practice or games.” Although Brown started swimming at a younger age, the two sports are too close to compare for her. “All three of my brothers ran
FHS combo guard JonAnthony Hall sizes up his defender during practice. Hall was a September athlete of the month nominee for his efforts on the football field. Photo courtesy of JonAnthony Hall. in high school and I loved going to their meets,” said Brown. “That is what really piqued my interest in running. For swimming, I think it is just because I have done it for so long.” For 6’1” 175 pound Hall, playing multiple sports came rather naturally compared to others. “I have been playing football and basketball competitively since I was about six,” said Hall. “I have always been pretty fast and athletic so my parents decided to put me in sports to keep me busy.” Growing up with an older brother who was also involved in multiple sports, Carroll was adapted to the grind and environment of doing so early on. “Watching my brother play [football and wrestling] when I was in middle school [inspired me],” said Carroll. “Just wanting to be like him and play [all] his sports.”
FHS lineman, Jacob Carroll, awaits a pass rush in a 41-7 JV win over Zionsville. Photo courtesy of Jacob Carroll.
FHS swimmer, Hannah Brown, poses with Claire Francis after a race. Photo courtesy of Hannah Brown.
Change of plays Coaches alter recruitment style to fit the times Rosie Towler
with many different methods, to increase excitement towards the sport and grow their skills before they get to high school. “I think that recruiting young athletes at a younger age is important because it gives them time to figure out what activities they enjoy and what skills they can learn from them,” Vogt said. In many sports, like basketball, color guard, football and volleyball, the coaches not only reach out to young athletes and parents through social media but also use clinics to showcase what the high school sport has to offer. Clinics are in the form Fishers Junior High and Riverside sudents run a drill at the football camp on March 20 to learn of a practice of the sport, where new skills. All of the young athletes ended up making the team this August and played with the young athletes from different middle schools come to learn team for the whole season. Photo given with permission from Dawn Crane. about the team and how they he method of recruiting that coaches will begin to interact and meet new people. young athletes from familiarize themselves with the “I think clinics are helpful middle school to high platforms and try advertising because they give people a school has changed over the their sport on different apps in chance to find out what sports years for FHS coaches. Most order to recruit more students. are about and how much they coaches look towards middle “I mostly found out about [the enjoy doing them,” Vogt said. “It and intermediate schools to sports] through social media, also gives a showcase of skills to recruit for their teams. and my parents telling me the coach and/or peers” In a football camp held in stuff they found on Facebook,” At these clinics, coaches build March for example, at the clinic, freshman member of Color enthusiasm for the sport by the coaches build enthusiasm guard Veronica Vogt said. having the high school athletes for the sport by having the high While most coaches do use help in the clinics to give the school athletes help in the clinics social media as a recruitment younger athletes ideas on what to give young athletes in grades method, others still use things they could be when they are in 5 through 8 help on techniques like websites, signs and t-shirts high school. and practice on how they could to spread the word. “You get to see your friends get better by the time they enter “We use the website as our and all those kind of things, so high school. marketing tool as well,” Joseph I think the same thing happens “As of right now, I'm pretty Keller, head coach of the with extracurriculars,” Keller social media based, through girl's and the boy's swimming said. “They get started and then Instagram and Facebook, then program said, “Sometimes we as they get started, they connect the rest of [recruitment is] kind even have signs, like yard signs with people. They find a place of word of mouth,” said diving that, in August, we'll set out at that they can connect to, then coach Jimmy Russ. different places.” those relationships keep them Due to the increased use of It is essential for FHS coaches invested into what they are social media, it is more common to recruit middle school athletes doing.”
Paddles, people and pickles Pickleball emerges as local sport (no, sadly, there is no relation to real pickles) Tanner Guillot
ports require people; competition is inherently communal, not just because multiple people will be playing, but also because of fans and spectators. Sports compose a significant amount of local culture, and ease of play often helps a sport develop its fanbase; such an example of a near-universal sport is pickleball. “It’s appeal and why it’s really engaging, is that it’s a group sport that you can go out with really any of your friends and you don’t need to be really, really good or anything to have a fun time,” said Drew Gavit, history teacher. “It’s a sport you can play with all sorts of ages. You can play with someone who’s 18, someone who’s in their 30’s, or someone who’s in their 60’s.” Like all sports, pickleball has a history behind it. According to USA Pickleball, the sport’s national governing body, the sport started on one slow Saturday in 1965; three people: Congressman Joel Pritchard, Bill Bell and Barney McCallum, found themselves and their families bored and located an old badminton court. Lacking proper equipment, they settled for playing with ping pong
paddles and a plastic ball. They found that the ball actually bounced remarkably well on the asphalt surface and thus pickleball had begun. They would go on to formulate proper rules, heavily based on those of badminton and start establishing proper courts designated to pickleball. There is also a reason behind the sport’s name. It was coined by Joan Pritchard, in reference to “pickle boats,” or crews on ships that are haphazardly thrown together, mirroring the creation of the sport. As the sport grew across the US, it would eventually find itself in Fishers as well. Fishers, being a populous city, matches pickleball’s pick-upand-play nature remarkably well. Pickleball is one of the games taught in physical education classes, and many local parks host courts specific to it. Notably, Roy G. Holland Memorial Park added its courts in fall 2022. “I would say it’s very prominent [in Fishers],” said Gavit. “I was at college for four years, I was not in Fishers. I just came back this past summer, and I noticed it exploded. Over at Cyntheanne Park, they’ve put in I think eight courts and every Saturday from 8 a.m. to noon,
it’s packed with people.” The sport is not played by every single resident of the city, of course. For some, it is very rare to actually hear of it outside of P.E. However, many agree that the sport is set to grow as the number of courts increase and the sport remains easily accessible. “I know that having more pickleball courts would definitely increase my likelihood of playing,” said senior Adrea Pendlum. “I don’t think pickleball is a super popular sport in Fishers right now, but with the addition of pickleball courts I could definitely see the potential for it to become more popular.” Overall, while pickleball remains somewhat niche to some, many others play it frequently and regularly see populated courts. With a vast potential audience and many places to play, anyone can give the sport a try and see if it is for them. “It’s really fun, I just think a lot of people view it as a game for older people who want to stay active, and while that may be true, it’s fun for anyone really, no matter how old you are,” said junior Luke Gabbard. “With the addition of courts at Holland Park, I think it’ll really start to gain some popularity.”
Graphic created by Tanner Guillot. Sports
1. Senior Nayoung Jang poses for the crowd during the halftime show at the football sectional game on Nov. 4.
he Fishers Marching Tiger Band has been clawing at success for the past few years, and it is obvious that they are reaping the benefits of it, with a recent third place finish at Indiana State School Music Association (ISSMA) state finals, with their national competition, Bands of America (BOA) Grand National Championships occurring a week after. “State Finals is one of the best nights of the season,” sophomore Vivian Arney said. “Finally getting to see where we stand against other great bands in our state is a great experience. While we like to say it’s not about the competition, it sure is fulfilling to see how well we do anyway.” This reward of third place was no fluke, as they proved last year with their third place finish, too. The ISSMA State Finals, as well as the rest of marching band competition days, are labor intensive and sometimes up to 16 hours long. “I felt super confident the whole day [of State],” junior drum major Hannah Schultz said. “Everyone was really excited and focused. When we finished warm-ups, I knew we were about to have an amazing
Aiming for the stars Fishers Marching Tiger Band ends season on high note Emerson Elledge performance. Our state run was the most energy I’ve ever seen our band show so far. Everyone was jumping up and down and hugging while we were walking back to the buses and trucks. I was so happy and proud of every marcher when I heard our name called for third place. I heard our score later that night and I realized the real potential of this 1 program.” Preparing for state does not happen overnight. Starting in June, the band spent hours at the school for band camp. June band camp primarily focuses on developing the fundamentals of marching, specifically for the new members, and preparing for the band to make their yearly debut at the Spark! Fishers Parade. After the two-week camp in June, the band takes a few weeks off before coming back for the last two weeks of July. This camp lasts five days a week, with some days being 11 hours long. July band camp still emphasizes the importance of the fundamental skills of marching, but is also when the band begins to learn their show for the year. “I’ve had to learn how to manage my time better,” freshman Kate Harvey said. “Marching band takes a lot of hours and I have had to figure out how to manage school and band.”
The marching band spent their entire season learning, developing and enhancing their show for the year. The show is evaluated on two key parts: music and visuals. The music is what is often thought about when thinking of a band, and is evaluated at both a micro and macro level. Visuals, which involve the overall form and individual timing, are also evaluated on the micro and macro level Every year, the show revolves around a theme, with a storyline being developed around that theme. Past years’ themes include ‘Candyland,’ the ocean, and tigers. According to Schultz, the show this year has a celestial theme, which excites the band. “Our show this year is called ‘Chasing Starlight,’” Schultz said. “It’s titled as an adventure through space. We have 16 props that have huge, bright lights and galaxy print on them. Through the show, the audience is able to listen to our ensemble, along with a few soloists.” The soloists tend to be selected from the Wind Ensemble and Wind Symphony, the advanced band classes. The soloists either audition for the part or are asked by a director to perform the solo. However, the band emphasizes that every contribution to the band is equal and worthwhile. “With marching band, there’s this community that you’re driven around,” junior Dylan Brown said. “[There is] teamwork because there is no
2. The Fishers Marching Tiger Band stands in full retreat shortly before awards at ISSMA State on Nov. 5.
bench for marching band. I love the fact that nobody can fail. You have to push your team and you have to build everybody up. It’s a very inclusive environment.” The marching band ranges from seniors in high school to seventh graders who are called ‘cadets,’ meaning some people in the band have been members for the past five years whereas others have been involved for the past five months. “I’ve learned not to judge a book by its cover [with marching band], which is kind of cliche, but it’s true,” Arney said. “I remember being scared when I heard that we would be gaining 90 new members to the band, [which is] nearly half of the entire band, and to be honest I was even more worried when I first met them. I was doubtful that they would rise up to the challenge to become excellent, but my expectations have been shattered. I’ve grown to love our new members and watching them grow throughout these few months has been so fulfilling to me, and I was wrong to think that they wouldn’t be able to be just as phenomenal as anyone else in our band.” Members and directors alike
use a family motif to describe the marching band culture, with the logic being that some days a person may not like their family, but will always love them. “The culture of marching band doesn’t really change, the people [involved are the ones who] change,” sophomore Kate Armey said. “The family dynamics may change, but there’s still those dynamics “ The band culture is cited as the reason the band is so great, according to Brown. “As long as we push ourselves and do our best, we’ll be great,” Brown said. The marching band has a goal, not for perfectionism, but instead for excellence. This is emphasized by Director Chad Kohler’s popular mantra ‘early is on time and on time is late.’ “I think this year, more than last year, more people are really striving for excellence and are 2 really putting in the effort to get there,” Schultz said. “Last year, it felt like a lot of people just didn’t get it, but this year it seems that everyone really does understand how important this is for everyone involved. Everyone is really
3 pushing themselves and the people around them to be the best possible version of themselves they can be, whether that be just as a person, or as a performer on the field.” This year a monumental change has occurred with the band’s attitude about BOA Grand National Championships, which took place Nov. 10-12. “Our place in Grand National Finals is less of a question,” junior soloist Mia Noel said. “Now it’s more of ‘where do we place in grandad’s finals?’ which has never been the case.” The band made history at Grand Nationals making finals for the very first time in school history. The band ultimately placed tenth nationally, acknowledging the progress the band has made. The band is set to take a well deserved break before they begin preparing for their 2023 season and follow up performance at the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade. However, some members of both the band and the guard are still working on their skills with Winter Percussion and Winter Guard.
3. Senior Karsten Schick conducts the band at ISSMA State on Nov. 5.
Photos courtesy of Beth Montgomery.
E is for everyone E-sports club opens up about club goals Mia Brant
As of 2020, only 18% of newly released video games featured female protagonsits, according to statista.com
Infographic by Mia Brant.
he esports club consists of 15 boys and two girls, which has prompted the club's newfound goal of gender diversity. The clubs' new sponsor, English teacher Samuel Vorhees, stands behind this goal. “We had a few [girls] in attendance at the beginning of the year and I was excited about them getting involved just because it's great to have diversity in general,” Vorhees said. An esport is a multiplayer video game played competitively by spectators. According to femme gaming, an organization that strives to empower female gamers, female esports players only make up 8% of players in college esports arenas. “I think it's important that students have avenues to get involved and to know that those avenues exist,” Vorhees said. “It is unfortunate that there are girls out there who do game and want to get involved and don't know about those avenues.” Club member Luke Trahin thinks that the lack of gender diversity is due to the negative attitude that is received by girls who game. “A lot of guys grew up with video games but with girls, it was more frowned upon,” said Trahin. Club president Joseph Michalowicz thinks that it is essential for girls to have representation in gaming as well. While women-only esports tournaments do exist, they do not compare to regular maledominated tournaments in terms of publicity and prize
money, according to British Esports. “I think gender diversity is important in video games because everyone should feel included and accepted,” said Michalowicz. Michalowicz started the club in the spring of 2021 with the goal of being in a leadership position. The club was originally shut down because of Covid in 2020, before his freshman year. “I decided to recreate the club because I had to lead something of some sort for membership in NHS (National Honors Society),” said Michalowicz. “My friends were really talented in games associated with esports, so I thought it would be a fun thing to do with friends.” The club members are facing new challenges while trying to achieve their goals for this year. Fundraising has been a big part of club meetings, according to Trahin. “Right now we're in a funding stage,” said Trahin. “Our ideal goal is to get computers, but right now we're not near there.” Vorhees said the team is also trying to raise money for jerseys that they can wear to tournaments. The club members are raising money this month by serving concessions at Colts games. “We would love to find other fundraising opportunities but just haven’t found any that have really suited us just yet,” said Vorhees. “Our hope is to eventually have enough money saved to start purchasing gaming systems for the club that our team members can start using for their tournaments.”
Fighting with family The impact of conflict within a football team
s football players take the field, they are immediately connected by both environment and energy. The blinding lights illuminate the stands filled with cheering fans. The game draws in people from varied backgrounds and gives them a united goal, to win. Every play is driven by communication and split-second decisions. Each player holds the team to a standard of trust and doing their part of the job. Trust does not stop at the players, it includes the relationship with the coaches as well. The National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) emphasizes that the morals and energy a coach expresses toward players shape the ideals of the group. They explain that coaches obsessed with winning will generate teams with the same desire and less of a personal relationship. While this mindset may drive the team to play harder, it can also cause more frustration if they do not win. Losing a game could result in conflict between players or decreased confidence in individuals due to the pressure they feel to win. In addition, it could result in players developing a feeling of failure or letting down the team. Players also have to be aware
of and think about the impact their own attitude has on the connectivity of the team. The mindset of a team is the first thing that unites them together. Adam Morris with Believe Perform, a company working to strengthen academic and athletic performance through education on the mental aspects, states that if each player is driven by individual goals, they are less likely to succeed than if they are focused on the goals of the whole team. This form of self efficacy can be the root of conflict within the group. As the football season ends, the focus of senior players starts to shift to colleges. Not only does this change players’ mindsets, but parents also begin thinking about their child’s future in the sport. With split goals, the group’s coherency is impacted. Not only is this changing how individual players are thinking through their jobs but it also changes how players may view each other. If one player sees that their teammate is focused more on individual success than the team as a whole that could result in conflict or a decreased level of trust. As found in a study by Kinesiology professors, Albert Carron and Lawrence Brawley, without strong coherency there is less communication and
overall success. This could lead to difficult practices or even trouble working together on the field at games. It can also cause disruptions in plays that may impact the outcome of games. The existence of coherency does not strip players of having their own goals. A good team relationship does not ask players to sacrifice their success for the team’s. Despite the importance of having a set group goal, it is not an option to stop working towards your own success. The challenge is finding a way to balance your personal goals with the team’s goals. One of the ways to do this is by sharing your goals with the team. When each individual player has goals they are reaching for, that are not in line with the team’s, it can help for everyone to know those individual goals and then help each other reach them. Past mindset and attitude, working on cohesion or communication is not a task that is done individually. Collective efficacy is derived from an effort by the program as a whole. Team bonding activities and getting time together outside of practices is really important in creating a strong group relationship. However, you have to be willing to make the changes or else these solutions will not actually have an impact.
Football players move down the sideline at the end of a play during the first game of the season on Aug. 26. Photo by Avery Roe. Opinion
Costly college tuition Rising prices in higher education make it inaccessible to new generations
he cost of tuition can be a fear-inducing number that is not going to become less frightening any time soon. Students scramble to pad their application with extracurriculars and impressive test scores in the hopes that they will receive scholarships. This can cause excess stress for students who should be more worried about finishing their high school career. The financial burden of college is something we should be working towards reducing as new generations enter into that phase of their life. Despite the cost of attending an accredited university being so high, with some students having to take out loans to cover it, schools are continuing to increase their tuition beyond what the economy of our country can handle. According to the Journal of Economic Perspectives, the tuition of undergraduate programs over the past three decades has each year an average of 3.5% more than the rate of inflation. This means that the economic burden of college is increasing from generation to generation, making a college degree less attainable. There have been colleges that recognize this and take action against it, with Purdue being a great example. Purdue has had its tuition
Madelyn Lerew frozen for 11 consecutive years, keeping its in-state tuition at $9,992 a year, and has had no increase in residence hall rates for the past 10 years. If more colleges were to implement programs like this it would prevent the spiraling costs we are seeing. College comes with an array of costs besides the tuition to the university that must be factored into whether or not a student can afford to attend. If a prospective college freshman does not have the financial support to be able to fully pay for this they must turn to student loans in order to earn their degree. The current fixed interest rate for federal student loans is 4.99%. This means if a student were to take out loans to cover four years of tuition at Purdue, which would be $39,968, and pay it out over 10 years they would be paying $12,147.92 in interest alone. This makes college more expensive for those who were barely able to afford it in the first place. Student loans put a financial burden on students when they graduate, making it more difficult for them as opposed to their debt-free peers. Things like buying a house to build equity become less attainable when you are making monthly debt payments. According to
email@example.com the Journal of Applied Business and Economics, student loan debt can actually increase income inequality. Student loans delay graduates’ transition into financial security because they have less money to put into savings due to preexisting financial obligations. While rewarding, a bachelor’s degree has the possibility to turn into a sinkhole of loans for students from lower-income families. Despite the challenges of attaining a bachelor’s degree, there are massive benefits when finding employment. According to an article put out by Forbes, those with a bachelor’s degree earn $24,900 more working full-time than those with just a high school diploma. The amount earned is even more when receiving higher levels of education like a masters or doctorate degree. The economical benefits of receiving a degree past high school are notable and are what make it such a prevalent option, despite the shiny price tag. Earning a degree also provides an opportunity to continue in academia on more specialized subjects. When earning credits toward your major, you get to dive deeper into subjects that are of interest to you. This specialization is vastly different from high school which
Congratulations on your acceptance to our university! See yearly cost of attendance below:
Purdue University Instate tuition: $9,992 Room and board: $10,030 Books: $1,010 Total: $21,032
Indiana University Instate tuition: $11,446 Room and board: $12,228 Books: $900 Total: $24,574
Butler University Tuition: $43,470 Room and board: $15,260 Books: $990 Total: $59,720
Ball State University Instate tuition: $8,434 Room and board: $10,676 Books: $1,344 Total: $20,454
Information from Purdue University, Indiana University, Butler University and Ball State University. provides a more rounded course load, with the college equivalent of general education classes taken as an underclassman. It is evident that we should be putting more money into providing higher education to all. Not only is it beneficial on a personal level, but it also helps society as a whole. This quote by Martin Luther King Jr. is particularly fitting to this ideal: “The function of education is to
teach one to think intensively and to think critically. Intelligence plus character – that is the goal of true education.” An educated society benefits all and therefore should be prioritized and made actualized through purposeful legislation. President Biden has made a step towards this with his student loan debt forgiveness program. Through this, you have the possibility of having $20,000 worth of student
loans forgiven. This helps those that have already received their degree with the burden of their debt but does nothing to help prevent my generation from receiving this burden. We need to be taking preventative measures to stop this cycle of indebtedness by granting more federal funding to public universities and by supporting programs similar to Purdue’s tuition freeze.
Wakanda Forever After tragedy struck, legacy prevailed
arvel’s ‘Black Panther’ African colors (red, black and green) in the outfits chosen for our directed by Ryan three main characters in a fight Coogler was a stark scene contrasting the blue used new look at what the action on the villain’s clothes chosen to movies that made Marvel famous represent colonization. could further develop into. The What could not have been unparalleled visuals, the new line foreseen was the stunning and of heroic characters, the addition standout visuals, new characters, of strong female leads and not plot lines, and character building to mention the impact of being that would take place in order the first Marvel movie to have an to create the second installment almost entirely Black cast all lead that would continue to break the to a film rich with symbolism mold set by and deeper meaning. With the return of these beloved characters on Nov. 11, speculation was only natural as to what was to come and how these attributes would continue to shine at the heart of the production: something especially important due to the untimely and tragic passing of Chadwick Boseman who played T’Challa, the film’s lead. This squeal in the Black Panther franchise ‘Wakanda Forever’ has been projected to be one of Marvel’s top-grossing films. This caused many fans to speculate on what this new movie would entail. What had been made clear ‘Wakanda Forever’ poster. Photo by to audiences was that this movie Jordan MacMillan. would work to follow the path paved by the first film. This is done Marvel. Once again using symbolism to create a deeper and in terms of combining traditional more enriching film experience, African elements with new and ‘Wakanda Forever’ finds a way more Americanized ones, deep to balance humor and heartache meanings, symbolism and motifs to truly capture what it means to of Black empowerment. This was grow as a result of mourning. intentionally done to avoid an Before the release of the film overwhelming sense of the longing many questions circulated on to be progressive, a trap many who would fill the role of the movies have fallen captive to in Black Panther and who would recent years. Coogler always makes it a point be worthy of stepping into the shoes that Chadwick Boseman to hide symbolism and deeper left behind. Further, how will they meanings in his films. In the first honor Boseman’s legacy not only film, color is used to symbolize as a character in the film but also power, strength and anger within as the person he was off screen? different characters. It was also Boseman and his characters used to subtly highlight the Pan-
firstname.lastname@example.org inspired so many young Black kids, showing them that they could do anything and that they could be the superhero they always dreamed of seeing. Navigating the death of such an important and loved character is a balancing act, one that has been handled with intention and understanding. Boesman’s death was not only mentioned but highlighted, keeping him and his legacy ever present with every tear-jerking mention. Looking to the comics, it was rightly assumed that T’Challa’s sister Shuri (Letitia Wright) would be the one inheriting the title of Black Panther. Black Panther being portrayed by a woman presented an opportunity for widespread debate over whether or not a woman is an adequate choice for the role. Many people say that the Black Panther can only truly be personified by a man. However, Marvel strongly disagrees, setting up Shuri’s arc to becoming Black Panther as early as the second comic in 2005; something that would come to fruition years later in volume five. Now, as we see a female Black Panther grace our screens it has become clear to many that Having a woman, especially a Black woman, portraying a strong, and almost merciless superhero is incredibly powerful for the young girls watching the film, just as the Dora Milaje, the all-female warrior group, did in the first film and continue to do in the sequel. Putting women in such valuable, high up and important positions, shows them as more than symbols of submissive fertility and beauty, the young female audiences what boys have gotten all along: that they are worthy, that they are powerful and that they are more than damsels in distress.
A hierarchy in Black hair Texture preference divides Black communities Katrell Readus
ood hair’ is
ideology is fueled by arbitrary constructs built upon learned historical bias and the rules of only one conventional attractiveness: the of many concept of looking in such a way divisionary that falls within the lines of the labels expected societal idea of good commonly looks. given out Those who subscribe to this in Black ignorant ideology, one that communities, particularly by older breeds separatism of people members to describe the perceived based on elements of looks prestige of straight or loosely specific to race, have fallen curled hair, specifically when victim to what is referred to as genetically altered or affected by racial hierarchy. Racial hierarchy non-African (most commonly is the belief that white or European) ancestry. The multiracial preference for loosely curled people are more or straight hair is a learned attractive— bias that dates back to slavery, what in which those with ‘good hair’ sociologist and other more preferential Jennifer Sims features were oftentimes has termed the the involuntary offspring of “biracial beauty their master, thus earning stereotype.” them greater privileges on the A study by sociologist plantation and the rightful envy Shawn Bauldry in 2016 of others. This is in stark resulted in a contrast to what is often multitude of considered to be ‘bad’ or ‘nappy’ findings regarding attractiveness, afro-textured hair. This hair type among these was that perceived is often chalked up to be unkept, attractiveness heightens a dirty or unruly, an intolerant person’s likelihood to achieve narrative that also dates back to social mobility and success, actions common during slavery in mirroring the way in which which white women biracial slaves were preferred would often and better treated by their haphazardly master. Beyond that, Bauldry’s hack off the research also identified that hair of their attractiveness contains a racial enslaved female component, with Black people servants because it serving as the basal of the scale, supposedly ‘confused meaning that we are seen to be white men.’ the least attractive while white This peoplepeople are considered most pleasing and alluring. However, racialized antiquated attractiveness does not operate anti-Black in a strict dichotomy, with
all Black people automatically adjudged as unattractive. Instead, it is more systematic. Studies have exhibited evidence that Black people who look more stereotypically Black, (those adorned with darker skin, naturally fuller lips and wider noses) tend to be perceived as less attractive. This same research also shows that those who look ‘more white’: exhibiting lighter skin, thin lips and straighter (less coiled or kinky) hair, are ranked at a higher level of attractiveness by comparison to others of their race. Though traits like those are not mutually exclusive to those of bi/multiracial ancestry, it is with these individuals that these attributes are most commonly associated. It is societal divisions like these that have led us, the Black community, to further divide ourselves into subsections or pieces of a whole. Hair has and could continue to serve as a tool of empowerment within the Black community, but some of us who are unable to remain unwaveringly in the wind of the hatred our hair has attracted, have been left at odds with what had been a point of pride. The terms ‘good hair’ and ‘nappy hair’ in reference to texture are a testament to that.
Preparing to transition As the end of the semester approaches, students prepare for changes in their academic routine
s the seasons begin to transition from fall into winter and the end of the first semester is approaching, this time of year can be extremely stressful for some students who do not react well to changes in their routines. This can be seen in the switch from fall to winter sports or even in goals clubs want to achieve. The Child Mind Institute conducted research finding that anxiety arises when students start to acknowledge that there are transitions happening simultaneously, primarily when it revolves around school. This can be attributed to the fact that they have gotten used to a schedule for four months and are not used to the sudden change the second semester usually entails. Furthermore, with the switch from fall to winter sports, athletes who play multiple sports need to suddenly change their training and mindsets to prepare for a completely different skill they must tap into for their upcoming sport. As mentioned previously
in the issue, there is also a transition of school board members that will be occurring in January due to the elections on Nov. 8. This can also be a part of students’ stressors since they are more than aware that different policies can pass to change their school experience. The Child Mind Institute also mentioned that students may not be stressed about the actual transition between things like sports and classes as they are about having to face the unknown. For example, students who have semester classes do not know what to expect when they go into an ultimately different class in the middle of their school year. This can throw them off and cause them to stress over school in general. While there are positive adjustments that can help students thrive, such as the transition into the holiday season, it can still have a negative impact when it comes to how well students do in the school environment. The holiday season can produce
serotonin for students and motivate them to work hard with their new-found positivity or, according to Youth First, it can cause students to get lazy as they await their breaks. On the contrary, the University of the People found that, overall, the transition from one semester to another can cause students’ stress levels to go down. This is due to the fact that some students long for a fresh start, especially when it comes to their grades. A student may get a feel for all their classes and the difficulty of it the first semester and utilize the second semester to get into the groove of their classes and succeed to their fullest. We need to keep in mind that we have achieved so much in the past couple of months and need to continue putting as much effort into the final stretch. While the switch to the second semester can be overwhelming, we need to continue to remind ourselves that we will eventually get used to it and the transition will ultimately end up being a natural part of our routines.
Editorial Board Question: Do you think transitions in a school setting is hard to adapt to?
Yes Page 30
The start of snow falling signifies the end of autumn and beginning of winter. This reminds the students that the end of the semester is approaching. Photo by Malak Samara.
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DOWN: 1. Foodcoma 2. Philadelphia 3. Pardon 4. Uncle 6. FDR 7. Joey 9. Hand 10. Gravyboat 11. Barney 13. Stuffing 15. Pie 16. Cornucopia 18. Cranberry
As the student-run newsmagazine of FHS, Tiger Times is dedicated to providing the staff, students and community of FHS with a timely, entertaining and factual publication once a month by means of public forum. In publishing articles that students enjoy reading, we are furthering both educational experience and the expansion of FHS culture. The staff works to create a sense of unity and awareness and allow the students of FHS to have better insight to the world around them. Editorial
ACROSS: 5. Cowboy 6. Franklin 8. Ham 11. Black 12. Macys 14. Thursday 17. Leaf 18. Casserole 19. Minnesota 20. Bells 21. Politics
Down 1. Induced in a post-meal haze 2. Host city to national dog show 3. Joe Biden’s turkey rescue power 4. Stereotypical fun relative 6. President that moved Thanksgiving up a week 7. Turkey head friend 9. Instrument used to help draw turkey 10. Barge for juices of meats 11. Brutalized 1997 parade float 13. Dish, plushie filling 15. Dessert statistical tool 16. Centerpiece of the feast 18. Jiggly fruit condiment Page 32
Across 5. Sporting frontiersman of Thanksgiving 6. Founding father fond of gobbler 8. Second fiddle meat to turkey 11. November Friday of madness 12. 2023 parade the Fishers Marching Band will perform in 14. Day of the meal 17. Tree dropping, to riffle 18. Dish where leftovers go to die 19. State responsible for most Thanksgiving turkey deaths 20. Originally a jingle for Thanksgiving 21. Taboo dinner talk November 2022