__MAIN_TEXT__

Page 1

wiA/w.esemagrCom

^ katrina will leave Gulf States Igrappling with a toxic legacy Construction underway on Durham Region's wastewater

p

X

system upgrade

utomated niitrient^monitoring for Watensnrfii wastewater

'vlt F'v

A

Uv'

V?;.'

if.

>-â– -

"S-


MEMBRANES= Waterfor the World Tel: 905-465-3030 Fax: 905-465-3050

PROTECTION ZENON immersed membranes provide a trusted physical barrier that protects your community from the meanest things that can turn up in your water supply. ZeeWeed® 500 Reinforced Membranes™ are leading the way for strength and reliability. This ZeeWeed® series is the preferred choice for difficult-to-treat water sources — whether it's high turbidity, enhanced coagulation, or even filter backwash.

ZeeWeed® 1000 Membrane Media™ outperforms conventional granular filter media and provides the smallest footprint available. These high-efficiency membranes can upgrade existing plants for quality and capacity by simply replacing the conventional filter media.

With over 25 years of membrane experience and hundreds of operating installations, you can count on the ZENON team to deliver proven and cost-effective solutions for small, medium and large membrane facilities.

ZeeWeed"500

'■ •'■wnwuituil

sits ZeeWeed® 1000


GORMAN-RUPP SELF-PRIMING PUMPS

''W

ENGINEERED TO BE THE WORLITS MOST GEHABLE UMPS. Our rugged self-priming pumps work day after day, year after year with unbeatable dependability. In fact, our Super T Series® reprimes itself with a partially-filled pump and a bone-dry suction line.

Forget the mess, too. They mount high and dry

T

at floor level for easy maintenance with hand

patentpending

tools. Gorman-Rupp pumps

have proven themselves in major municipalities across the country. Each delivers outstanding performance and

^

GORMAN-RUPP I

an excellent return on investment... just what you'd expect from

^ " the world's leader in self-priming pumps.

PUMPS

Gorman-Rupp of Canada Ltd. • 70 Burwelt Road • St. Thomas • Ontario • N5P 3R7

Phone: 519-631-2870 • Fax: 519-631-4624 • ema/7: grcanada@prcanac/a.com • www.grcanada.com D-400

© Copyright, The Gorman-Rupp Company, 2002

Gorman-Rupp - Mansfield Division is an ISO 9001 Registered Company


ISSN-0835-605X

FEATURES

September 2005 Vol.18 No.4

07

When the grass is not always greener Editorial comment by Tom Davey Katrina will leave Gulf States grappling with a toxic legacy Engineered wetlands can be effective cold climate wastewater

Issued September, 2005 ÂŁS<Sf invites articies (approx. 1000 words) on water, wastewater, hazardous waste treatment and other environmentai protection topics, if you are interested in submitting an articie for consideration, please contact Steve Davey at steve@esemag.com. Please note that Environmentai Science & Engineering Publications inc. reserves the right to edit ail submissions without notice.

10

12

treatment

14

Construction underway on Durham Region's wastewater system upgrade

18 20

Laboratory workstation odour control at MaRS/Toronto Upgrading Sainte-Julie wastewater facilities in Quebec

24

Hundreds of millions of membrane fibres in Ontario, but who's counting? The evolution of diverse chamber system applications Use of phreatophytes in management of groundwater

26 32

seepage

34 38 40 44 48 55 56

Automated nutrient monitoring for water and wastewater Can Winbags solve emergency waste storage problems? Fall conference previews Automatic valve closure improves chlorine gas safety Refocusing on small water purification systems Canada's climate change strategy US border restrictions worry waste managers

DEPARTMENTS 52 57 60 63 68 72

Coal ash may offer hope for millions of Bangladeshis Gulf of Mexico not right for methane gas hydrate formation Technological innovation for sodium hypochlorite dosing Surfactant desorption is key to successful PAH bioremediation New take on ancient art of monitoring Eliminating harmonics improves plant performance

4 Environmental Science c& Engineering, September 2005

Environmental News

74-75

82-90 Product Showcase

76-81

Classifieds

82-83

Professional Cards

84-90

Ad Index

89


look

before you

know where

to land Does independent field-testing verify the manufacturer's claims?

asking these tough questions will give you the knowledge to make the right decision

Stormcepbr'

What size of particles does the system remove? Some systems are undereized to remove only large particles (3000+microns). The StormceptotÂŽ System can be designed to meet your project objective, whether it be large or small particle removal.When comparing systems,ensure that you are using the same particle-size criterion.

All manufacturers make performance claims. Few give you the facts that are necessary for decision making. StormceptorÂŽ provides inde pendent field data collected by third parties and an ongoing field-testing program. How does the

system remove oil? Some systems cannot remove oil without the addition of absorbents. The absorbents must

be removed immediately after a spill to pre vent the oil from leaking back into the water. Most systems do not protect captured oil from high velocities - scouring will result.

for answers to more questions call 1 800 565^801 or visit us at www.stormceptor.com


standing head and shoulders above the rest If youi- supplier of instrumentation and control products has gone to the dogs, isn't it time you considered Davis Controls?

Davis Controls is committed to helping you solve your most difficult application challenges

We lead the pack in process control Instrumentation and industrial automation

At Davis Controls, we've been exceeding customer expectations since 1933.

with our Total Customer Advantage plan;

That's almost 500 dog years!

with efficient cost effective solutions.

• Expert Technical Advice • Cost Effective Solutions

Call us today - our ears are up!

• National Service and Support • State of the Art Products

• Web-based Account Access

905-829-2000 www.daviscontrals.com

Davis Controls' A breed above the rest.


Editorial

When the grass is notalways greener

Grass is a versatile word

By Tom Davey

visit our place and he expressed

which has mutated into

amazement that the condition of

four quite separate mean ings. For decades grass was the most widely-used noun for the verdant garden plant which

my property had been the subject of a complaint. The absurdity of the event was driven home by an e-mail from

forms the lawns of most domestic

Ontario Clean Alliance, that week, which reported that Ontario had already had 34 smog alerts in 2005

gardens throughout North America and Europe. In recent years, grass has mutated into a second noun for

the most widely-used illegal sub stance in the world, cannabis.

and implored people to review their personal impacts on air quality. Ontario has several hundred

But, as those who enjoy the BBC TV detective programs will know, the word grass has mutated again, this time as both noun and verb. In the UK, a police informer is disparagingly known as 'a grass' while the actual act of informing is in the form of the verb 'to grass.' Indeed, these slang terms have, almost literally, grown like weeds in the UK and are now spreading in

thousand gas or electric lawn mow ers. The gas mowers emit green house gases directly. Electric mow-

Canada.

recently from our local council about a Clean Yards' Complaint. I

air polluters respectively. But many Canadians have a great love for their verdant lawns which often mimics parental child care. In addition to the large vol umes of water, chemical weed

was incredulous to read that: ''The

killers and fertilizers are often lav

Town of Aurora has received a complaint about the condition of your property'. The council note warned that I was required: 'to cut/maintain grass groundcover on a weekly basis'. Ironically, it now seems that someone has grassed on me; I have no suspicions that this came from a neighbour. The notice came at a particularly bad time as my wife was having serious health problems culminating in a stay in hospital.

ished on many lawns to achieve the perfect weed-free grass. 1 have minimal objections when chemicals and fertilizers are applied in moderation, especially by experts. But, run-off from improp erly applied fertilizer can accelerate eutrophication, which adversely affects the water quality of our

Speaking of the word grass, when used for informers, I was absolutely amazed to get a notice

carts over the town's grounds, fol lowed by operators with several grass trimmers which are also motorized. Cutting grass this way is fine, but surely it should be done when growth warrants it, not as a routine?

I do not quibble that yard main tenance is the decent thing for homeowners to do. However, I must mention that defining aesthet ics has proved impossible in the world of both written and perform ing arts, let alone lawn care. Books that are panned by critics often

Ontario had already had 34smog alerts during the period 1 was ordered to'cut/malntain grass on a weekly basls^ ers do it vicariously from electrici ty generated at Nanticoke and Lambton, Ontario's number 1 and 2

emerge later as masterpieces. The renowned academie francaise, in Paris, rejected many books which are now regarded as masterpieces. But one of the most famous law

suits defining aesthetics was in Eondon when Whistler sued Ruskin,

a renowned art critic of his day. Ruskin had described Whistler's

'Nocturne' as: "Throwing a pot of paint in the public's face." Whistler won the case but was awarded one

farthing in damages, the lowest coin of the Realm. While the court case

bankrupted Whistler, his reputation as an artist survived as did Ruskin's

reputation as a writer. But Whistler ran off to Venice with his mistress; Ruskin never consummated his mar

riage. The grass was greener in Italy.

rivers and lakes.

The current furor over global warming - with increasing smog alerts - makes it absurd to legislate

The name of the informer was

that homeowners: 'cut/maintain

withheld from me, nor was the by law officer able to come right away. However 1 was able to get a promi nent and knowledgeable citizen to

grass groundcover on a weekly basis.' For example, my town has at least four large motorized grass cutters which are driven like golf

torn@esemag.com

September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 1


Remediation

Environmental Science

& Engineering Editor

Federal Government will Invest

TOM DAVEY

E-mail: tom@esemag.com (No attachments please)

more than $150 million

Managing Editor SANDRA DAVEY E-mail: sandra@esemag,com Sales Director

in 2005 - 2006 for remediation

PENNY DAVEY

E-mali: penny@esemag.com Sales Representative DENISE SIMPSON E-mail: denlse@esemag.com Circulation Manager VIRGINIA MEYER E-mail: vlrglnla@esemag.com Design & Production CHRIS MacDONALD E-mail: chris@esemag.com Publisher

STEVE DAVEY

E-mail: steve@esemag.com

Technical Advisory Board Jim Bishop Stantec Consulting Ltd., Ontario Bill Borlase, P.Eng. City of Winnipeg, Manitoba George V. Crawford, P.Eng., M.A.Sc. CH2M HILL, Ontario

The Government of Canada is

investing $138.7 million in measures to help remediate 97 priority contaminated sites under federal responsibility across

Dr. Robert 0. Landine

Peter Laughton, M.Eng., P.Eng., DEE

has been earmarked for the assessment

remediation activities.

of an estimated 500 sites, which will

"Canada's North includes some of

determine the next steps and the scien tific support that is necessary. The funding is part of the Budget 2004 long-term commitment of $3.5

the country's most complex clean ups;

billion to remediate contaminated sites

under federal responsibility. Environment Minister Stephane

Indians.

made the

announcement in

nated under the Action Plan for Federal Contaminated Sites. The Government

Stanley Mason, P.Eng.

of Canada is trying to reduce the dan gers that contaminants pose to human health and the environment.

Marie Meunier

"The Government of Canada takes

John Meunier inc., Quebec

Environmental Science & Engineering Is a bi-monthly business publication of Environmental Science & Engineering Publications Inc. An all Canadian publica tion, ES&E provides authoritative editorial coverage of Canada's municipal and Industrial environmental control systems and drinking water treatment and distribution. Readers Include consulting engineers, Industrial plant managers and engineers, key municipal, provincial and federal environmental officials, water and wastewater

plant operators and contractors. Information contained In ÂŁS<5f has been compiled from sources believed to be correct. fS5f cannot be respon sible for the accuracy of articles or other editorial mat ter. Although the Information contained In this magazine Is believed to be correct, no responsibility Is assumed. Articles in this magazine are Intended to provide Infor mation rather than give legal or other professional advice. Articles being submitted for review should be e-malled to chris@esemag.com.

pmnBPA Canadian Publications Mail Sales Second Class Mail

T

Product Agreement No.40065446

Registration No.7750 Printed In Canada. No part of this pub lication may be reproduced by any

means without written permission of the publisher. Yearly subscription rates: '

Canada $75.00 (plus $5.25 GST). All advertising space orders, copy, art work,film, proofs, etc., should be sent to: Environmental Science & Engineering, 220 Industrial Pkwy. S., Unit 30,Aurora,Ontario, Canada,

L4G SVG, Tel: (905)727-4666, Fax: (905) 841-7271, Web site: www.esemag.com

that's what makes our commitment to

remediation so important," said Andy Scott, Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and Federal

R. V. Anderson Associates Limited, Ontario

British Columbia

maintenance. Activities at the site this

year will involve additional site inves tigations, assessments and surface

Yellowknife, at the site of the former Giant Mine which is among the higher risk sites in the Canadian North desig

ADI Systems Inc., New Brunswick

Giant Mine is currently under care and

Canada. An additional $14.3 million

Dion

Bill DeAngelis, P.Eng. Associated Engineering, Ontario

collaboration to develop long-term remediation solutions. In the interim,

seriously its responsibility to protect this heritage and the health of the Canadian public by remediating sites under federal responsibility," said Minister Dion. "We are taking action to undo the harmful effects of past practices, while ensuring that from now on environmentally-friendly val ues necessary to health are applied on the human, environmental and eco nomic levels in Canada."

Yellowknife's Giant Mine began operations in 1948 and has a long and impressive history as one of Canada's earliest and richest gold mines. Over its lifespan, Giant Mine produced more than 7 million ounces of gold and played a significant role as a major employer and economic engine for Canada's North. The mine reverted back to the Crown in 1999 when the

mine's owner at the time, Royal Oak Mines Inc., went into receivership. The main issue at Giant is the

237,000 tonnes of arsenic trioxide dust stored underground at the site. The dust was created during the gold pro duction process. The Government of

Interlocutor for Metis and Non status

"One of our objectives when reme diating contaminated sites in the North is to promote social and economic ben efits for local First Nations, Metis, Inuit and Northerners," remarked the Flonourable Ethel Blondin Andrew, Member of Parliament for the Western

Arctic and Minister of State (Northern Development). "From contracting opportunities, advanced training and job creation, clean ups at contaminated sites like Giant Mine will leave a posi tive lasting legacy in terms of the local economy and a skilled workforce." To ensure the remediation of con taminated sites is carried out in a well-

coordinated matter, the Government of Canada will develop a strategic longterm plan and will report on progress to Canadians each year. The Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan sup ports the Government of Canada's Project Green, which incorporates immediate, short-term, medium-term and long-term goals and initiatives for promoting a clean and healthy environ ment.

View the federal contaminated sites inventory at: www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/dfrp-rbif/cs-sc

Information contained in ES&E

has been compiled from sources believed to be correct.

Canada and the Government of the

ES&E cannot be responsible for the accuracy of articles or other

Northwest Territories are working in

editorial matter.

8 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005


S'tYGT

Sludge problems? Wheyeu genna call?

AMD PC PiiHPs

sfflawsassr"' sSfT?*''''"'"®''"'*®®"''

'Mures ourextraordmarvN-p^p,

With Its patented N-impe)ier and a

clog-eliminating, high-efficiency, open

====Hr= the way. Most important

fully staffed Flygt office for thP

«suppod JaSrep re ,rr™'' -■wiisr"-

Call the Flygt sludge husters u/o' ? ""'"ular needs.

Contact Tony Altavil a at 514.428.r8*"" or yourlocal Flygt representative

www.flygt.ca

■Wl

'TT Industries

Engineered for life


Remediation

Katrina will leave Gulf States grappling with a toxic legacy said. "We haven't found

high levels of pesticides, heavy metals, PCBs or other toxic materials."

X

Fuel from thousands

of fuel tanks at gasoline stations and leaking gaso line from flooded cars

and boats has given the water an oily sheen. In addition, there are flood ed industrial areas and

160,000 households with their cans of paints, sol vents, fertilizers and pes ticides stewing in flooded garages and basements. Despite all the con tamination, New Orleans'

us President George \N. Bush, joined by Vice Admiral Thad Allen, (left), Louisiana Gov. Kathleen Blanco, in red. New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin, right of Bush, and White House Chief of Staff Andrew Card, second right of Bush, during a tour of downtown New Orleans, on Sept. 12, 2005.(AP Photo/Susan Walsh)

Thetrue environmental impact of

the Gulf of Mexico and

ing wetlands and Gulf," said Kelly,

Hurricane Katiina, including oil spills, chemical leaks and toxic waste, will remain unknown for months. "Unless you've seen it, you can't comprehend the scope of the damage," Jean Kelly of Louisiana's Department of Environmental Quality(DEQ)stressed. The August 29 hurricane wrecked a huge area in southern Louisiana and Mississippi, with scores of towns flat

adding that there are likely other spills of oil, gasoline, diesel and chemicals throughout the region. Until all the floodwaters are gone, it is impossible to

tened and unaccounted for. More than

and Alabama.

know for certain.

At least 525 sewage treatment plants in Louisiana were also damaged, many of them flooded. More than 1,200 drinking water treatment plants were knocked out in Louisiana, Mississippi

4.5 million homes and businesses were

Health and enviromuental officials

without power at one point. Satellite photos taken after the storm show that

are sampling floodwaters throughout the region but had only released results from New Orleans, as of September 9, 2005. At that time about 60 percent of

the Chandeleur Islands southeast of

New Orleans, the home of the Beeton

National Wildlife Refuge, have van ished. In fact, the photos show that the coastline of the state has been signifi cantly altered, requiring new maps and navigation charts. A 3.5-million gallon spill from leaking refinery storage tanks in Chalmette has contaminated much of

the town and surrounding wetlands, the U.S. Environmental Protection

Agency (EPA) reported. "Ruptured storage tanks at the mouth of the Mississippi River in Venice, 75 miles south ofNew Orleans, have dumped an estimated 3.3 million gallons of crude oil into the surround

filthy floodwaters are being pumped into Lake Pontchartrain, which is actually a huge estuary that opens directly into

has some unique and rare species, including the endangered manatee. "We're hoping that by the time the contaminated water gets into the Gulf it will be diluted enough to not have any impact," Kelly said. Not surprisingly, state and federal environmental laws have been tem

porarily suspended. Randy Lanctot, executive director of the Louisiana Wildlife Federation, an

environmental group, agreed with the suspension. "We don't have any choice, at least until all the water is pumped out," Lanctot said. "I hope environmen tal officials are staying on top of what's

New Orleans remained under water,

in the water," he added, with a view to the eventual final cleanup of contami

and those waters were highly contami nated by bacteria from human and

lake bottom.

other wastes.

Leaves have turned brown on many trees in the city and it is not known if they will recover. There have also been media reports of dead birds falling out of the sky. However, EPA says that its air quality testing has not found any hazardous levels of pollutants or air borne toxins despite numerous fires and natural gas leaks.

nated shorelines and sediments on the

Once dry. New Orleans itself will require disposal of an estimated 60 mil lion tons of debris and extensive decon

tamination that may take years and bil lions of dollars. A major restoration effort will also be needed for the natu ral environment. No one knows how

much at this point because the full extent of the damage is unknown.

As for other toxins in the floodwa

ters, only high levels of lead have been found in preliminary testing, Kelly

10 Environmental Science c& Engineering. September 2005

Source: Global Information Network


Associated Engineering is a

Canadian, employee-owned and operated consulting engineering and project management firm. We focus on four key sectors: • Water • Environmental

• Infrastructure

•Transportation Our people are our strength.

We have the depth and diversity it takes to deliver quality, service and

value for every project.

Bill De Angelis, Vice President and General Manager of our Ontario operation, announces the following additions to our growing Toronto office. Alex Leong, M.Sc., P.Eng., has joined Associated Engineering as Manager of the Water Group in Ontario. Alex has 25 years of experience in the municipal water and wastewater sectors, including project management, studies, design, construction supervision and commis sioning of facilities in Canada and

Fred Albanese, P.Eng. will lead our Instrumentation and Controls team

in Ontario. Fred has over 20 years of experience in control systems for water and wastewater facilities. This experi ence includes process and control systems, design, programming,systems start up and project management.

overseas.

i

Pat Coleman, Ph.D. joins Associated Engineering as a Senior Wastewater Process Specialist. Pat has 20 years experience on wastewater projects across Canada, the United Kingdom, Europe, the Middle East, and the Caribbean. A specialist in biological nutrient removal, Pat's experience includes assessments, design, process optimization, commissioning and training.

Ed Salenieks, M.A.Sc., P.Eng. has joined our team as Manager of the Wastewater Group in Ontario. Ed has 25 years of experience in the wastewater and water sectors. He will be

responsible for wastewater engineering services, including planning, evaluation, design, construction services and commissioning of pumping and treatment facilities.

Associated

For more information about Associated Engineering, please visit our website at www.ae.ca

Engineering GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE. LOCAL FOCUS.


Wetlands

Engineered wetlands can be effective cold climate wastewater treatment

North America has not seen

By Scott D.Wallace,P.E.

residential growth equal to

that of the last decade since the end of the Second World

War. At the same time, aging water and sewer infrastructure must be upgraded and replaced, leading to a number of redevelopment challenges. The cre ation of open space for recreation and wildlife habitat is often a top priority in creating livable, people-friendly communities. Successfully meeting these challenges requires combining the talents of a variety of professionals including engineers, landscape archi tects, planners, environmental scien tists, and contractors.

The new challenges in land devel opment (and redevelopment) are forc ing everyone involved to be receptive to innovative approaches to infrastruc ture service. Engineered wetlands are playing a leading role in the new, green treatment infrastructure of the 21st

century.

Types of wetland treatment systems There are three major types of con

British Petroleum wetland in Casper, Wyoming area and are ideal for situations where

space is limited. Cold climate wetland design and performance Introduction of engineered wetland technology into Canada and northern

structed wetlands: free water surface

areas of the United States has been

(surface flow, or open water), horizon tal subsurface flow (vegetated sub merged bed, root-zone or rock-reed fil ters), and vertical flow systems. Free

limited by the ability of conventional wetland systems to operate without freezing during the winter. A new design approach is to use horizontal subsurface-flow and vertical-flow con

Engineered wetlands are playing a leading role in the new,green treatment infrastructure ofthe

21St century. water surface wetlands are man-made

equivalents to natural marshes. These systems provide habitat for the most wildlife, fforizontal subsurface flow

wetlands were developed in Germany in the 1960s. In these systems, water flows horizontally through a gravel bed planted with reeds. Because no water is exposed during the treatment process, these wetlands are ideal for residential sewage treatment. The newest types of wetlands are vertical flow processes; they provide the great est amount of treatment within a given

structed wetlands that are covered with

an insulating mulch layer to prevent freezing.

is limited by low oxygen transfer rates. Another advancement in engineered wetland technology has been the development of aerated wetland sys tems.(This technology, termed Forced Bed Aerationâ&#x201E;˘ is patented in Canada and the U.S.) Aerated systems are not limited in their ability to transfer oxy

gen to the wastewater and as a result, are very effective in ammonia removal. Combining Forced Bed Aeration with insulation produces engineered wetlands that can work effectively year-round, even under very cold winter conditions.

Properly designed insulation of the wetland bed is effective in preventing freezing and resulting hydraulic fail ure. Relying on snow and ice cover does not provide reliable insulation during cold periods with limited snow

Scott Wallace, EE; is Executive Vice President, North American Wetland

pack. Placing a mulch layer over the system allows the wetland to operate effectively throughout the winter months. The type of mulch insulation used can strongly affect the perform ance of the system. Only well decom posed organic materials can be used without degrading treatment efficien cy. To be effective, insulation must be uniform in coverage, which requires that it be designed as an integral part of the wetland system. Treatment in most wetland systems

12 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

Engineering, He

is the principal author on

the

WERE design manual, "Feasibilit)>, Design Criteria, and O&M Requirements for Small-Scale Constructed

Wetland

Wastewater

Treatment Systems"scheduledforpublica tion in 2005.

Contact:swallace@;iawe-pa.com.


Avoid that sinking feeling. Specify precast concrete pipe.

4

Pf,,Let>

-<ÂŤaÂť

You'd be surprised how often this sort of thing happens. In this case, corrugated metal drainage pipe apparently collapsed when rust and leaky joints caused the side soil support to wash away. You can maneuver around the sinkholes by specifying precast concrete pipe. It's strong, durable and made to last. And you won't have to depend on soil support for the structural integrity of the pipeline. Don't fall for the short-lived claims and failed promises of corrugated metal and HOPE pipe products. You might just end up in deeper trouble than you ever imagined.

American

O

Concrete Pipe Association Ontario

O O C P A

Concrete Pipe Association The choice of a lifetime

Count on Con<

Representing manufacturers of quality precast concrete pipe products throughout the United States and Canada 222 W. Las Colinas Blvd., Suite 641 Irving, Texas 75039-5423 5 ACPA 2003. All Rights Reserved.

972.506.7216 Tel 972.506.7682 Fax

Email: info@concrete-pipe.org Web: www.concrete-pipe.org


Construction underway on Durham Region's $164 million wastewater system upgrade By Marek Krynski,P.Eng.,and George Powell,P.Eng.

Si-;:-:

''^'•'"''^jii}.}- ■". !"v".

With a population now

approaching 600,000 and projected to reach over 900,000 in the next 15

years, Ontario's Durham Region is one of Canada's fastest growing municipal ities. The single most significant growth pressure the Region faces is a dramatic increase in residential devel

opment, which in turn, stresses its 11 wastewater treatment facilities.

One of the region's larger facilities, the Harmony Creek Water Pollution Control Plant (WPCP), which services the

communities

of

Oshawa

Courtice, is nearing its rated capacity of 68,200 mVd (15 MIGD). Half of the secondary treatment process compris es a trickling filtration facility, com missioned in 1962, which is now reaching the end of its useful life. Significant upgrading and/or replace ment is needed for the WPCP to meet

its present effluent requirements. It is also important to note that the present Water Pollution Control Plant site is insufficient

to

accommodate

Artist's renditions of digesters (top) and headworks building.

and

the

planned growth in the area. Therefore, in March 1999, the Regional Municipality of Durham completed a class environmental assessment (EA) for additional water pollution capacity for the Whitby, Oshawa, and Clarington (Courtice) areas. The report recommended estab-

lishing, in the municipality of Clarington, a new water pollution con trol plant (WPCP) with an ultimate average day design flow capacity of 272,760 mVd (60 MIGD). The plan is for the ultimate decommissioning (over time) of the Harmony Creek WPCP, and conveyance of the tributary flow to the new Courtice WPCP.

Initially, only Harmony Creek WPCP No. 1, the trickling filter facility, will be decommissioned. All average day flows in excess of 34,100 mVd (7.5 MIGD), the rated capacity of Harmony Creek WPCP No.2, will be conveyed

and scheduled for completion in the fall 2007. The selected site for the WPCP is in southeast Durham and has an area of

65.5 hectares (ha). It abuts Lake Ontario, immediately east of Courtice Road, south of the Canadian National

Railway (CNR) main line, and west of the Darlington nuclear generating sta tion.

The Project The main components of the Courtice Water Pollution Control Plant

project are: • The Harmony Creek Pumping

to the new Courtice WPCP.

Station.

The Courtice WPCP is being con structed in phases with the first phase, presently under construction, having a capacity of 68,200 mVday (15 MIGD)

• Conveyance of flows to the Courtice

14 Environmental Science & Engineering. September 2005

WPCP.

• The Courtice WPCP. • The outfall into Lake Ontario.


Wastewater growth in the Courtice area. The forcemain alignment crosses Tooley, Robinson, and Harmony Creek as well as marshlands to the west at

Second Marsh and McLaughlin Bay. As a result, in these environmentally sensitive areas, special mitigation measures will be implemented in con structing the forcemains. The main agencies involved in gaining approval for the alignment included the Central Lake Ontario Conservation Authority, the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, the Ontario Ministry of the Environment, the Federal Department of Fisheries and Oceans, as well as the municipalities of Oshawa and Clarington, and the Friends of the Second Marsh. Courtice WPCP

Numerous treatment processes were evaluated during the Class Environmental Assessment process, including the conventional activated sludge process, sequencing batch reac tor (SBR) process, trickling filter process, rotating biological contactor process, and constructed wetland sys tems. Based on the assessment, it was concluded that the Courtice WPCP

will generally consist of a nitrifying activated sludge process with chlorination/dechlorination for disinfection, and conventional anaerobic digestion for

Artist's renditions of liquid train secondary gaiiery (top) and liquid train.

have an initial Phase 1 peak wet weath er capacity of 171,072 mVday (37.6 MIGD), a Phase 2 capacity of 241,920 mVday (53 MIGD), and an ultimate station capacity of 331,517 mVday (73

• Two discharge headers located in the basement of the pumping station designed for ultimate flow conditions. • A 2000 kW prime duty stand-by diesel generator. Conveyance Conveyance from the Harmony Creek Pumping Station to the Courtice WPCP will be along Colonel Sam Drive to the Darlington Provincial Park, and more or less paralleling the alignment of the CN main line to the

MIGD).

Courtice WPCP, a distance of 6.5 km.

The station will house the following equipment: • Two mechanically cleaned bar screens with 50 mm spacing. • Six submersible pumping units with space for an additional 4 units (initial ly).

Initially, one 1050 mm diameter force-

Harmony Creek Pumping Station The Harmony Creek Pumping Station

will

be

located

on

the

north-west corner of the existing Harmony Creek WPCP site, abutting Colonel Sam Drive. The station will

main will be constructed. There is

space in the conveyance easement for a second forcemain and a 300 mm

Regional watermain, which will be constructed with the forcemain to service the WPCP site and future

solids

treatment

and

on-site

biosolids storage. The plant site devel opment allows for the possibility of future biological nutrient removal and UV disinfection to be added, and solids handling processes (including biosolids dewatering and incineration or composting) could be provided. Initially, the Courtice WPCP will be designed for 68,200 mVday (15 MIGD) and will have a peak wet weather flow of 2.65 times the design flow, or 180,730 mVday (40 MIGD). The plant will be designed in stages to provide "just in time delivery" of capacity. Battery sizes are 34,200 mVday (7.5 MIGD). For the ultimate plant capacity of 272,800 mVday (60 MIGD), a total of eight batteries are proposed and can be readily accommo dated on site.

Effluent compliance requirements, as stipulated by the Ministry of Environment, are found in Table 1. The new Courtice Water Pollution

Control Plant (WPCP) will consist of the following unit processes:

continued overleaf...

September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 15


Wastewater diffusers spaced over a distance of 150 m are provided to diffuse effluent in Lake Ontario, approximately 1 km off

Table 1

Compliance Criteria*

Parameter

Total Suspended Solids

Biochemical Oxygen

Design Objective

25mg/L

15 mg/L

shore in 9 to 11 m of water.

25 mg/L

15 mg/L

As an important part of the Courtice project, a study area for the

Demand

new outfall was defined. This area was

Ammonia**

Summer(May 1 - Get 31)

15 mg/L

8 mg/L

Winter(Nov 1 - Apr 30)

24 mg/L

12 mg/L

Total Phosphorus

Img/L

identified based on pollutant plume modelling completed during the Class EA and on geotechnical and aquatic information. The plume modelling

0.8 mg/L

indicated that the outfall diffuser at the E.coli

200 organisms / 100 mL

-

* Compliance will be based on monthly average concentration ** Ammonia + ammonium nitrogen

the nearshore currents, and therefore, on the Courtice effluent plume off

1. Preliminary Treatment: Headworks with screening and aerated grit

using liquid chemical addition.

removal.

anaerobic digestion of raw primary solids and waste solids from secondary treatment, and on-site biosolids and raw sludge storage tanks.

2. Primary Treatment: Rectangular chain and flight primary clarifiers. 3. Secondary Treatment: Nitrifying activated sludge with anoxic selectors, energy efficient fine bubble aeration, and phosphorus removal by applica tion of metallic salts followed by "Gould type" rectangular chain and flight secondary clarifiers. 4. Disinfection: Final effluent disin fection via chlorination/dechlorination

5. Solids Treatment: Conventional

shore of South Courtice.

The large heated water discharge from the DNGS outfall provides a high initial dilution and pushes the effluent plume offshore away from the beach at Darlington Provincial Park as well, as

Outfall

DNGS's water intake. It was therefore

As part ofthe Courtice WPCP proj ect, a 1676 mm diameter outfall will be provided, sized to meet the Phase 2 peak flow requirements.

concluded that the best location for the effluent outfall would be as close to the

The outfall consists of an outfall

pipe with a staged diffuser section. To handle the peak capacity, forty-five

aspd soles

Darlington Nuclear Generating Station (DNGS) has significant impact upon

l imi ted

6467 Northam Drive, Mississauga, Ontario L4V1J2 Tel: 905-678-2882â&#x20AC;˘ Fax; 905-293-9774

E-mail; Sales@spdsales.com Web; www.spdsales.com

DNGS heated water discharge as prac tically possible. The modelling also indicated that to meet MOE effluent dilution require ments, the outfall diffusers must be

Submersible data level transducer The Series 550 waterMONITOR

represents the leading edge of level sensing technology available today. The waterMONITOR is a

submersible hydrostatic level transducer with embedded datalogging offering the highest level of functionality and accuracy available. The transducer meets the demanding requirements of the USGS Office of Surface Water(OSW) accuracy specification for stage monitoring.

Royce's revolutionary optical DO Analyzers The Royce Model 9810/98 Optical Dissolved Oxygen (DO) monitoring and control system is the technology breakthrough the wastewater treatment, aquaculture, environmental and industrial markets worldwide have been waiting for. The key to this new technology is the patented Model 98 DO sen sor. It is a fluorescent emitting sensor that monitors the optical phase shift of the luminescent quenching of a fluorophore dur ing its contact with oxygen. RoyceJet-Cieaning can be used, as conditions require, to vir tually eliminate any maintenance.

New product by RACO web based alarm notification Monitor, report, and control your systems with AlarmAgent RACO's full-featured, web-based service.

AlarmAgent is RACO's newest wireless tech

nology, bringing a state-of-the-art, and web-based interface to

our complete line of wireless, web-based, worthy of the

alarm detection and

notification products.

Process Products and Instrumentation - SOLUTIONS 16 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005


Wastewater located within a water depth at least of six metres. The proposed outfall diffusers will be at water depths of9 to 11 m, providing better than over 46 to 1 dilution at ultimate peak flow eapacity. Within the study area, three possi ble alignments for the outfall were

Associates (geotechnical), ASl Group (Aquatic), C.B. Fairn & Associates (Marine Construction Specialist), Warme Engineering and Biological Services (Biology), and Archaeological Services (Archaeology).

identified that allowed the outfall to be

In July 2005, the Region of Durham

close to DNGS outfall, and meet efflu

awarded

ent dilution requirements. These align ments were along the westerly edge of the study area, the easterly edge, and a

Kenaidan Contracting Ltd.. in the amount of $88,870,000, and the

location in the middle.

International Inc., in the amount of

To identify the preferred location, bathymetry, habitat, and geotechnical investigations of the lake bottom were conducted on the three potential pipe alignments. The aquatic study included a video of the bottom describing the surface features and fish and aquatic growth observed, along with bathyme try and soil sampling and analysis. Soil investigation to shale bedrock was car

$8,513,000. The Conveyance contract

Courtice

new Courtice WPCP is scheduled for

tendering in the late fall of 2005 and the Harmony Creek Pumping Station is scheduled for tendering in early 2006. The current estimate for the

overall program is $163,950,000.

Constructors

the

from the Harmony Creek WPCP to the

WPCP

to

Outfall into Lake Ontario to McNally

Marek Kiynski. P.Eug., is with the Regional Municipality ofDurham. George Powell, PEng., is with CH2M HILL. Contact e-mail:

lstoiy@ch2m.com.

cowP

opAer&tcvnA wel

ried out in the lake to determine the sub surface soil conditions. These

investigations concluded that the most westerly alignment for the outfall is preferred, due to the following; • Clays are present and are highly plastic, potentially reducing siltation concerns. Blasting is not thought to be LJI.U

necessary.

I iiiiiiiiiiita

• It avoids the ridge of dense sandy

Memosens digital pH/ORP measurement

silt till towards the east. • There is an absence of useable fish habitat.

• The distance to satisfactory depth

Increase your process up time

of water for effective diffusion is shorter than the other locations.

Safe, easy, reliable, economical

The methods of construction of the

outfall at the preferred alignment were documented

■ Field calibration unnecessary

in the Environmental ■ The inductive connection

Study Report (ESR). These methods included either an open trench marine excavation, totally or partially buried, or as a tunnel. After careful review, the construction method ehosen was open

completely eliminates dirt and moisture problems ■ Up to 6 times longer life time ■ No special cables are necessary - any four wire cable will work

trench marine construction.

Project Team The Region of Durham is supported by a team responsible for various parts of the project, as follows: Region ofDurham Works Department; Stantec ConsultantsProgram Management; Team Courtice CH2M

KIEL

Canada,

■ Reduced price for complete loop

MacViro

Consultants; Simcoe Engineering GroupWPCP and prime teehnieal consultant; Earth Tech - Harmony Creek Pumpmg Station; Totten, Sims, Hubicki (TSH)Conveyance; R.Y Anderson Associates (RVA)-Outfall. There is also support from special ists, including Geo-Canada, Golder

Endress+Hauser (Canada) Ltd/Ltde 1075 Sutton Drive

Burlington ON L7L 5Z8 Toil Free; 1.800.668.3199 Phone: 905.681.9292 Fax:

905.681.9444

vvww.ca.endress.com

Endress+Hauser

^

People for Process Automation

September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 17


Odour Control

Laboratory workstation odour control at MaRS/Toronto

Buildings that generate odours

are under increasing scrutiny not only by neighbours, but regulatory authorities as well. This, despite the fact that for the most part, odours are perceived differ ently by different people. No matter; if a facility's odiferous exhaust is a source of complaint, it should prompt a quick response by the "offender" to avoid further problems and remain a "good neighbour." While many people think of odifer ous exhaust as emanating from chemi cal processing or manufacturing plants, or other industrial facilities, many scientific and research laborato ries must also manage odiferous exhaust emissions. This requirement results from not only a good neighbour policy but sometimes serious health issues for the building's workers. In almost all cases these laboratories use

workstations equipped with sophisti cated, computer controlled fume hood exhaust systems. The chemicals used at these workstations may be toxic, noxious, odiferous, or some combina tion.

While there are many ways to exhaust laboratory workstations into the atmosphere, over the past few decades one method known as "mixed

flow impeller technology" has become increasingly popular for these applica tions.

Safely exhausting laboratories at the MaRS Centre

This technology is playing a major role at a new research facility known as the "MaRS" (Medical and Related Sciences) Centre in Toronto, Ontario, (www.marsdd.com). MaRS was estab lished about five years ago for the pur pose of"promoting the growth of small research related technology companies and successful commercialization ofaca demic research." MaRS is the first facili

ty of its kind in Canada, and is modeled after similar facilities

in

the

US.

Essentially, the model for these kinds of research centers is to seamlessly integrate state of the art research and development

By PaulA.Tetley facilities, commer cial business entities, and related support services within an overall

interactive

campus develop ment.

The MaRS com

plex encompasses 1.5 million square feet and is valued at

about $345 million.

"With its proximity to some of the lead

ing minds and insti tutions in Toronto's

bioscience cluster, MaRS is ideal for

our drug research Toronto Medical Discovery Tower. and development work in Canada," says Dr. Hunter Jackson of NFS laboratories. In doing so. Smith & Andersen worked closely with Belnor Pharmaceuticals in Salt Lake City, Engineering (Toronto) which has rep Utah. The complex has been construct resented the manufacturer of these sys ed in two different phases: Phase One is comprised of 700,000 square feet in tems for many years. The mixed flow impeller fans for the two towers, and Phase Two will com laboratories' workstation fume hoods prise 600,000 square feet with occu pancy scheduled for next year or 2007. eliminate re-entrainment possibilities into the workplace, prevent neighbor Fume hood exhaust is hood odours, and aid compliance with critical at MaRS appropriate pollution abatement stan The scores of research laboratories at the MaRS facility - while designed dards. As an added feature the rooffor many functions - share a common mounted fans also help meet applicable aesthetic codes with regard to eliminat characteristic. Their laboratory work station fume hoods also require safe ing tall exhaust stacks above the roofline. This last point is important, and efficient exhaust systems to pre vent any possibility of exhaust re- since many times community ordi entrainment into the facility or adjacent nances restrict total building height, or height above the roofline of various buildings; to eliminate neighborhood odours; and, to comply with applicable appurtenances and accessories. In addi pollution abatement standards, among tion, tall exhaust stacks usually impart negative connotations in a communityother considerations. in other words, another neighborhood Proper management of these polluter! exhaust emissions ^ particularly at the According to Danny Vistolli at building's biosafety level (BSL) labo Belnor, the City of Toronto imposed ratories - is critical, since mismanage building height restrictions on the ment will likely cause serious implica MaRS complex, mainly because exist tions. Consequently, the consulting ing buildings in the vicinity are in the engineers responsible for these func tions at MaRS (Smith & Andersen, heart of the city's downtown. "This was another consideration for use of Toronto) specified mixed flow impeller roof exhaust systems for its low profile mixed flow impeller

18 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005


Odour Control exhaust systems," Vistolli said. MaRS'Toronto Medical

Discovery Tower The mixed flow impeller systems at the MaRS complex are mounted on its Toronto Medical Discovery Tower (TMDT). Twelve low profile fans are connected with four plenums (each plenum accommodates three individ ual fans) for a total air moving capaci ty of 280,000 CFM. Belnor also worked closely with the facility's own ers, the contractor (Ellis Don Construction), as well as Smith and

i

Andersen.

Mixed flow impeller technology offers many advantages Laboratory workstation fume hood exhaust systems incorporating mixed flow impeller technology offer many advantages for research facilities, pharmaceutical pilot plant processing areas, and other enclosed, controlled environment areas such as clean rooms and vivariums. When asked about mixed flow

impeller systems, a Belnor spokesper son said that his firm had used them

for other projects with considerable success, and that one of the main rea-

Rooftop installation of the mixed flow impeller systems. sons for their use was the elimination

of re-entrainment possibilities to assure worker safety, along with elimi nation of tall, unsightly exhaust stacks on the building's roof. "Tall exhaust stacks would have required major(and costly) roof reinforcements, guy wires, pitch pockets, and other expensive hardware and equipment which was

not necessary with the mixed flow technology approach," he commented, adding that his firm has also received an additional order for four more sim

ilar systems for the MaRS complex. Paul A. Tetley is with Strobic Air Corporation. Information at www.strobicair.com

The first

1

m

Metcon Sales & Engineering is the first choice for aii your water and wastewater requirements. Metcon was the first to offer complete pre-engineered chemical feed panel and skid systems. We are dedicated to continuously improving the quality and efficiency of our products to meet different chemical and customer requirements. We have the experience to help you select the right pump, controls, accessories, and layout to make your chemical feed system work for you.

Quality Focused.

SALES & ENGINEERING

LIMITED

Customer Connected.

15 Connie Crescent, Unit 3|Concord, Ontario L4K1L3 | PH: 905.738.2355 | EMAIL: metcon@metconeng.com | www.m8tconeng.com September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 19


Wastewater

Upgrading Salnte-Julle wastewater facilities in Quebec

The Town of Sainte-Julie,

Quebec, is facing rising popu lations and more stringent effluent standards, making an upgrade to their existing wastewater treatment facility virtually inevitable. Currently, the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) consists of a series of four lagoons, with minimal land area for expansion. While considering tech nology that would help maximize the organic removal of the existing plant,

By Ivy Cormier increased freatment capacity within a

charged directly to the second lagoon.

compact area.

The first reactor in the series was filled

The AnoxKaldnes Pilot System that was used for this study is a 20 foot con

to the maximum 67% fill with biome

tainerized trailer built onto a chassis for

filled

easy transport between sites. The pilot unit comes complete with an influent chamber with a 6mm punch plate

Throughout the study, the average flow rate was 1.875 US gallons per minute (7.10 litres per minute), providing a

dia, whereas the second reactor was to

58%

with

biomedia.

the Town of Sainte-Julie commissioned

AnoxKaldnes, Inc. to conduct a pilot

study of the Moving BedÂŽ Biofilm Reactor (MBBR) process at its wastewater treatment facility. The Town set a target of less than 29 mg BOD5 /L after decanting for 30 minutes, which was met from the effluent of the single stage

MBBR at 26 mg BOD5 /L. The MBBR operates as a stand alone treatment process with no return activated sludge from a secondary clarifier, thereby minimizing operator maintenance and time. The MBBR

process utilizes polyethylene carrier elements which are suspended and mixed using custom designed medium bubble aeration systems or mechanical mixers, depending on the process appli cation of organic removal, nitrification,

Different media types Inset: Reactors inside the pilot trailer.

or denitrification. Because the media is

system and specially designed sieves, and a stainless steel hopper clarifier. Also included are blowers, pumps, test ing equipment, including online and manual DO and pH probes, flow meters, composite samplers, and a refrigerator. The trailer also includes a full laboratory set up for on-site testing of samples. Such equipment includes: HACK spectrophotometer, COD reac tor, digital balance, vacuum pump,TSS oven, VSS furnace, and glassware. The pilot study at Sainte-Julie

kept within each basin by custom designed sieves, the bacteria have a chance to mature into specialized "workers" within each separate basin, consuming whatever food is available, organics, ammonia, or nitrates. The media also are constantly sloughing the sieves, creating a process with no head loss or need for backwashing. Due to the increased surface area for

bacterial growth created by the addition of media, it is possible to multiply treat ment capacity with minimal footprint. Additional capacity can also be added by simply adding more media. The K1 type biomedia,used in the pilot study in Sainte-Julie, provides 500 m^ of surface area per each m^ of media, allowing for

screen, two 156 US gallon stainless steel reactors fitted with an aeration

WWTP was carried out from October

2004 to February 2005, with both reac tors running in series under aerobic conditions. Effluent from the first

lagoon of the plant was used as influent to the pilot trailer, and effluent was dis-

20 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

BOD load of 0.66 kg/day and an NH3N load of 0.165 kg/day. The hydraulic residence time was 1.39 hours in each

reactor, with a total of2.77 hours for the complete two-stage system. The main goal of the pilot study was to demonstrate the MBBR's ability to remove organic matter in a single stage by reaching an effluent goal ofless than 29 mg/L TBOD, after a 30 minute set tling period. This goal was achieved, as

the average concentration of decanted BOD (DBOD)from the effluent of the single stage MBBR was 26 mg/L at an average loading rate of 3.29 g Total BOD5(TBOD5)/ m^-day. Effluent from the two-stage MBBR averaged 20 mg/L DBOD.

Although the main goal of the study was to demonstrate increased organic continued overleaf...


13

. -s

Have the rising costs of construction backed you into a corner? Let Armtec box culverts bridge your budget gap. Manufactured from Armtec's deep corrugated structural plate "BRIDGE-PLATE", our box culvert is ideal for low-profile, open-bottom stream crossings and waterway enclosures. With the unique advantages offered by corrugated steel technology and the deepest corrugation available, Armtec box culverts provide for low profile structures at a very economical installed cost.

Armtec box culverts - a low profile, low cost solution Contact your nearest sales office for more information about this product. Head Office:

15 Campbell Road, P.O. Box 3000, Cueiph, ON N1H 6P2 Visit us at our web site: www.armtec.com Sales Offices:

Nanaimo, Prince George, Langiey, Edmonton, Calgary, Lethbridge, Saskatoon, Winnipeg, Thunder Bay, Sudbury, Gueiph, Toronto, Peterborough, Chesterviiie, Forest, Orangeviiie, Comber, Montreal, Quebec City, St. Ciet, Sackviiie, New Glasgow, Bioomfieid, Bishop's Fails and St. John's.


Wastewater pH were constantly monitored through out the study both manually and by online instruments. pH throughout the

removal, nitrification was achieved in the second stage of the MBBR. The WWTP currently does not have effluent requirements for ammonia, but future regulations are on the horizon. At an

MBBR remained stable during the

study, even as influent pH spiked above the target maximum of 7.5 in January. Dissolved oxygen was kept above the target concentration of 3 mg/L in the first reactor and 6 mg/L in the second. Temperatures ranged from 17.5°C in November to 3.0°C in January.

average loading rate of 0.8 g NH3-N/ m2-day, the MBBR removed an average of 76% of the load. Even at tempera tures as low as 3.0°C, the average efflu

ent was 3.9 mg/L, down from an aver age influent of 16.2 mg/L. Temperature, dissolved oxygen, and

The MBBR is evaluated based on

the organic removal versus the loading rate for the effective surface area of the

media in the basin. Surface area loading rate (SALR) is calculated by multiply ing influent organic concentration by flow to obtain organic load and dividing that value by the effective biofilm carri er element surface area provided in the MBBR.

Through regression analysis con ducted on SALR data and actual

removal rates, a 50% removal of TCOD

at loading rates of up to 12 g/m^-day and 57% removal of DCOD at loading

rates up to 6 g/m^-day was predicted. Regression analysis run on SALR and

\

removal rate data collected for NH3-N

predicted a 50% removal in the second reactor only. Average actual removal of jeerjifioloqies

The Moving BedBiofilm Reactor process is the product of overs decade of

Total Suspended Sohds

careful research and

development

nterface Leye|.Anal¥^ri ilZf Filter Backwash TlonTtoji •Wastewater Samplers

NH3-N in the two-stage MBBR was

• Residual Chlorine^;^i^ •■ Conductivitv: ^

^

"

dSa

77%. Since influent soluble BOD5 was, on average, less than 6 mg/L, total BOD5 consisted primarily of TSS. The MBBR reduced overall organics by increasing flocculation and degrading sludge, reducing TSS effluent concen tration to 35 mg/L out of the second stage, down from an influent concentra tion of 118 mg/L. The Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor process is the product of over a decade of careful research and development. Its principle of packing a rich amount of surface area for biomass growth into a compact reactor yields a reliable system with small footprint and price tag. The flexible technology, proven by numer ous full-scale installations and pilot studies, is a solution to treatment plants looking for an upgrade with minimal new tankage.

Can your local representative: www.aysix.com

info@aysix,com

Cancoppas Limited • 1-800-595-0514' ON, MB, SK, AB (604) 466-9807 ■ BC DCH Process Dynamics' (613) 226-4413- Eastern Ontario IMC Coppas Quebec lide." (450) 424-1370- QC QIP Maritimes • (506) 635-1931 ■ NB, NS, PEI, NF I

Cascadia Instrumentation Inc •

22 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

Ivy Cormier is the Senior Pilot Technician for AnoxKaldnes Inc. E-mail: ivy@anoxkaldnes. com


DELCAN WATER INTELLIGENT SOLUTIONS

NEW SOLUTIONS FROM A TRUSTED SOURCE A new energy is flowing at DELCAN Water. We have

always been at the forefront of providing government and corporate clients in Canada and around the world with the

highest level of engineering expertise and services. Now, DELCAN Water offers even broader capabilities with the establishment of DELCAN IWS

(Intelligent Water Systems), which

â&#x20AC;˘iWS

offers leading edge design and

intelligent water systems implementation of automation, network and information management systems;expertise that complements DELCAN Water's established reputation for engineering services. DELCAN Water also benefits from even greater global resources through our new alliance with DHV Water, The Netherlands. DHV is an

international leader in water technologies having provided integrated solutions to over 1,000 plants worldwide.

Contact us today and learn more about how you can benefit from the new ideas that are flowing at DELCAN Water.

fj

DELCAN Water 625 Cochrane Drive,Suite 500 Markham,Ontario,Canada L3R 9R9 Tel:905.943.0500 Fax:905.943.0400

water@delcan.com


Drinking Water I

Hundreds of millions of membrane fibres In

Ontario,but who's counting?

The development of back-

By Brian Sahely, M.A.Sc.,P.Eng.

washable low pressure, s

demand at a marginal increase in capital cost. As additional water production is needed, either the

Figure i

hollow core fibre technol| ogy has resulted in mem- .|

membrane

brane filtration becoming | costeffective for implementation in " water treatment plants (WTPs) in Ontario since 1998. By the end of 2006, 37 low pressure membrane filtration plants with a combined capacity of 409 ML/D will be installed in Ontario. This equates

flux

rates

can

be

increased upon agreement with the membrane supplier or additional membrane modules/elements/car-

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

Cumulative Number of Membrane WTPs in Ontario

tridges can be installed without the need for a general contractor. The small footprint of mem branes can minimize building costs and in some cases can allow an

to hundreds of millions of mem

existing water treatment plant to be

brane fibres, but who's counting? |Figure 2

retrofitted with membrane technol

ogy to increase water production. The improved manufacturing of the membranes and improved design of the overall system frame

These data are reflected in ?

Figures 1 and 2, respectively, gwhich show the cumulative num- s

her and capacity of membrane | water treatment plants each year S since 1998. Membrane plants that are anticipated to be commis sioned in 2006 are also included in

these figures, which show the cumulative capacity of membrane plants expected to more than double between 2005 and 2006 alone.

By 2006, 73% of the membrane plants commissioned will have been designed with capacities less than 10

ML/D, while 49% of the plants com missioned will have been designed for capacities less than 3.78 ML/D. Examples include new facilities in South

Chatham-Kent

WTP

with

USFilter/Memcor membranes (Figure 3), Petrolia WTP with Pall membranes (Figure 4) and Port Hope WTP with Zenon membranes (Figure 5). So why is the number of membrane WTPs on the rise in municipalities in Ontario? A primary factor is that membranes with nominal pore size of less than or equal to 0.1 pm pore size

work have resulted in a decrease in

1999

20O0

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

Cumulative Capacity of Membrane WTPs In Ontario

the capital and operating costs of membrane water treatment plants. This has resulted in the purchase of large volumes of membranes, which in effect has resulted in a decrease

are available and proven. This pore size is less than the size of Giardia cysts and Cryptosporidium oocysts, result ing in high log removal credits ofthese protozoa using membrane filtration. This gives municipalities confidence that membrane technology will meet current and future regulations, which are continuously becoming more and more stringent. With the development of the membrane integrity test (MIT), municipalities are also becoming more confident that the safety of the mem brane system is measurable. The required number of membrane modules/elements/cartridges can be installed now to meet current water

demand, with the ancillary equipment

in membrane costs. All of the above factors will contin

ue to increase the implementation of membrane technology in Ontario, with the cumulative capacity of membrane water treatment plants in Ontario expected to double the 2006 capacity by 2007 and more than triple or possi bly quadruple the 2006 capacity before 2010. The author would like to thank

USFilter/Memcor, Pall (Canada) Ltd. and Zenon Environmental Inc. for pro viding data for this article. Brian Sahely is with KMK Consultants Ltd.,Brampton, Ontario. Contact: hrians@kmk.ca

installed now to meet future water

8 Figure 3- USFilter/Memcor CMFM10V Membranes

Figure 4 - Pali MIcroza USV-6203 Membranes

24 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

Figure 5 - Zenon ZeeWeedÂŽ 1000 Membranes


Filter Optimization Components • Phoenix Underdrain Systeiti Phoenix Panel System

•jPhoenix Airscour System AWl Backwash Troughs • Filter Nozzles, Strainers & Internii!^^^''®^ • Optimized Premium Filter Media

Gravity Filter Systems • Pressure Filter System Packages High Rate Iron & Manganese Removal Systems Technical Services

■liter Retrofits & Upgrades Filter Audits Pilot Filtration Studies

Filter Media Design & Testing

^Custom Filter Media Installatioh^^^^^^^^

|0lter Maintenance & Operator Training I At AWl we focus on water filtration.

We have over twenty years of experience working with consulting engineers and water plant operators providing filter optimization solutions^.

In Canada

4450 - 46 Avenue SE,

Calgary, Alberta T2B 3N7 Phone: (403) 255-7377 Fax: (403) 255-3129

We Cover It

All.

in the United States:"" 9500 South 500 Suite 210

Sandy, Utah 84070 ^ Phone: (801) 566-1700 Fax: (801) 566-1722

www.awifilter.com

AWl FILTER OPTIMIZATION


Wastewater Treatment

The evolution of diverse chamber

system applications

On-site wastewater treatment

By Dennis F. Hallahan RE. ment plants, with pretreatment devices,

cent of homes in the United

bers are included in over 15 percent of all septic systems. In some areas, that number is as high as 74 percent. In

States and Canada. Over the

Manitoba, where Infiltrator chambers

past 30 years, chambers have evolved dramatically in design and are now commonly used for onsite treatment in

are the only chambers approved for use in the province, it is estimated that 46 percent of all septic systems installed

basic and advanced applications.

utilize these chambers. In the United

heavy trucks used to transport stone.

States, it is estimated that one in every four wastewater treatment systems constructed today is a chamber system. While the principles of treatment remain the same, plastie chambers

Installations are faster and save on

systems serve over 25 per

The first chambers to be used com

mercially were constructed of concrete and installed in New England in the early 197Gs. These initial concrete "gallery" chamber systems or "ameration chambers" (USEPA, 1980) were more efficient than previous tradition al stone and pipe systems. They were, however, heavy and unwieldy to trans port, and labor intensive to install. It became clear that an alternative mate rial was needed to manufacture cham

bers that would not sacrifice strength, durability, and treatment performance. The rapid advancement of plastics technology made plastic the next logi cal step in the evolution in chamber design. Several years of research and design culminated with the introduc tion of plastic chambers to the market place by Infiltrator Systems Inc. in 1987. Today, plastic chambers are manufactured by four different compa nies and have become widely accepted by installers, designers, and regulators. In Ontario, Infiltrator plastic cham-

offer tremendous benefits over their

concrete predecessors and even greater benefits when compared to the older

and even on toxic waste remediation sites.

In most chamber applications, no stone or geotextile is required. This eliminates concern over stone quality and fines content and the need for

heavy equipment operation costs. Chamber installations also reduce site

disturbance and minimize compaction of the soils, a definite plus for system longevity. Chambers are currently manufac tured using technologically advanced

methods of installations that involved

moulds that cost in the millions of dol

stone and pipe trenches. Initially, chambers were used for the leachfield component of the on

lars. These produce precisely engi neered products with uniform dimen sions. Typically, they are very complex with tight tolerances that allow for interlocking joints and open louvered sidewalls that prevent soil from enter ing the system. Chambers can be moulded in various sizes ranging from six to 30-inch heights and to a width

site wastewater treatment system. As the needs evolved, designers and installers began to specify the technol ogy for a number of differing applica tions. What they found is that the chamber is highly adaptable and effec tive for specialized system designs and treatment needs. In addition to the traditional use in

septic system leaching trenches and beds, chambers have been used in sand

filters, mound systems, evapotranspiration beds, community systems, con structed wetlands, wastewater treat

over 50 inches.

Advanced chamber system designs and applications Commercial facilities can be sub

ject to large peak flows that the cham ber can readily retain. These decentral ized cluster septic systems serve multicontinued overleaf...

- .. :

Chambers are used on remediation sites. Here a iarge wetland ceii utilizing chambers will help to clean up a

The use of chambers has expanded to include sand fil ters. The chambers allow a better effluent dispersal and

toxic waste site.

gas exchange.

26 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005


There's a simpler way to eliminate sewer odor emissions. Introducing Vortex Flow™ Inserts (VFI) from IPEX - a revolutionary new technology for eliminating odorous emissions and minimizing corrosion in vertical sewer drops. Simple, cost-effective and \ reliable, VFI's have been proven to deliver significant cost savings in installations across North America. Influent line

Sewage is aerated with

VlgnuuB mixing actjons

Using the wastewater's own flow energy to suppress turbulence, aerate the sewage and oxidize dissolved hydrogen sulfldes (H2S), the IPEX VFI's patented spiral flow design sucks odorous gases downward towards the bottom of the structure where they are entrained back into the sewage flow. APWA Technical The VFI's pre-fabricated, one-piece assembly installs easily Innovation Award in sewer drops, pumping stations and forcemain discharges. Intensive dissipation of the flow energy in the pool at the bottom of the structure prevents solids from settling, making the VFI selfcleansing and maintenance free. What's more, installed upstream of the treatment plant, the VFI actually Improves wastewater quality prior to

treatment.

entrain sewer gas

Into effluent

To find out how an IPEX VFI solution can save you thousands of dollars in monthly chemical feed, air-phase treatment and maintenance costs, call for details.

No more costly chemical injection No more high-maintenance biofilters

• No more air scrubbers • No more manhole seals

Vortex Flow™ Inserts Tough products for tough euvironrueuts'' In Canada call IPEX at 1-866-473-9462

In the U.S. call IPEX at 1-800-463-9572

www.ip8xine.eoni


Wastewater Treatment pie residential dwellings or commerciai establishments. They use technoiogicaiiy advanced filters, pumps, tank configurations, and drainage chambers to provide a higher ievei of treatment. Decentralized cluster systems treat wastewater and return it to the ground very near to where the wastewater was generated as opposed to transporting it long distances to a centralized sewer facility. The driving force behind this trend is the high cost of sewers and lack of quality land available, forcing builders to consider developing sites that would have previously been deemed unusable due to location or

geology. Sand filters

Some sand filters today are designed utilizing the benefits of

OkiX

C 0 N S U I. r A N T S

INC. m.

chamber technology. Chambers pro vide increased distribution coverage, allowing the effluent to be applied over the entire surface area of the bot tom of the chamber. A sand filter is a

type of packed bed filter that has been used for over a century. Newer packed bed technologies consist of peat, tex tile, or foam media and are generally very reliable, providing good treat

bers for the same reasons it occurs in

Once ponding occurs in the trench the effluent will flow laterally out the trench sidewall, allowing capillary action of the soil to take place. From

Evapotranspiration systems Another common application for chambers is their use in evapotranspi ration (ET) systems. In the arid regions of the United States and Canada, systems have been specifical ly designed for evapotransipiration. With these systems, people thought that the solid arch at the top of the

Odour & VOO issues is all we do.

Our experts operate an In-house 8 person olfactometry lab and specialize in: •Assessments - odour sampling, odour panel evaluations, dispersion modelling & Impact analysis •Community Odour Surveys• Liaison with Communities & Regulatory Agencies 'Development of Odour Impact Mitigation Strategies•Technology Selection, Applications & Pilot Trials • Design & Implementation of Odour Abatement Systems•System Performance & Compliance Tests

3425 Semenyk Court, Suite 200, MIssissauga, Ontario, L5G 4P9 Tei:(905)277-1110• Fax:(905)277-1112 • www.zorix.on.ca

PROFESSIONAL GRADE

tion. However, upon investigation of the physics of water and air movement through soil, it can be understood that evapotranspiration occurs with cham stone trenches.

ment.

Tackling municipal/industrial

chamber would inhibit evapotranspira

capillary action, water is pulled upward in the soil matrix. The water then changes to vapour form (gas phase), which allows it to move verti cally through the soil pores to the atfiTosphere. Wetland treatment systems Natural wetlands have been used as

convenient wastewater discharge sites for as long as sewage has been collect ed. By the early 1970s, research into the treatment capabilities of natural wetlands led to the development of engineered, or "constructed" wetlands that replicated the cleansing capabili ties of these natural marsh systems. Wetland treatment systems are typical ly used to polish treated wastewater, and are often designed as multi-func-

PERISTALTIC PUMP

SPECTRA PIELD-PRO Waterra introduces the Spectra Field-Pro — a state of the art peristaltic pump that features a heavy-duty,all-inclusive design. This means no external cables,chargers or batteries to worry about. Designed by consultants,for consultants... f

• advanced electronic flow controller

• pump head angled on top of unit • built-in storage compartment • EZ-Load pump head design • built-in VOA stand

waterra

Groundwater Monitoring Equipment & Supplies

(Canada) Waterra Pumps Limited waterra@idirect.com • tei: 905.238.5242 (USA) Waterra USA Inc. waterra@openaccess.org • tei: 360.738.3366

pumps • filrers • tubing * vyvvw.waterra.com • bailers • water level sensors 28 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005


Wastewater Treatment tion treatment and wildlife habitat sys

amines, and VOCs. These odours are

tems.

biodegraded to odorless substances in the biofilter. Water flowing through the

These systems may be large com mercial or community systems, or small wetland treatment cells serving an individual home. One of the most

common types is the subsurface flow (SSF) constructed wetland. Effluent is treated through shallow subsurface

channels in which emergent plants are established. The treatment cells pro duce a high quality treated effluent that is required to be disposed to the sub surface. Chambers have frequently been specified for the wetland cell and the subsurface disposal applications due to cost savings and chamber relia bility as compared to older traditional

biofilter will leach these non-toxic

chemicals from the media, lengthening the life ofthe media. According to Lew Naylor, Ph D., of Black and Veatch, chambers

used

in

biofilters

can

improve air distribution through the media, provide more efficient drainage, increase media life, ease of construction of the biofilter, and sim

plify media replacement.

11

Remediation site clean-up Environmental clean-up sites have many treatment schemes, one of which is known as "pump and treat". In this scenario, contaminated groundwater is pumped to the surface, treated, and then discharged subsurface to recharge groundwater levels and maintain flow patterns. The size of the recharge bed is determined by the infiltration rate of the soil and the quantity of flow. Previous methods of recharging continued overleaf...

f

It-

construction options. In areas with sensitive soils, the ease and speed of installation and minimal construction

traffic (less time to be exposed to rain storms and construction machinery) can protect the structure ofthe soil and its infiltration capacity. Wastewater treatment facilities

A great example of the use of chambers in extending the life of wastewater treatment facilities is in

High solids Un-loading for Pump

Bayham, Ontario, at the Port Burwell Sewage Treatment Plant. Here the out fall discharges to a creek in close prox imity to Lake Erie. Expansion of the plant required a major upgrade to the outfall extending out a distance into

Stations

the lake. The creek could not assimi late the increase in minimum contami

nants and, therefore, an outfall to the

lake was proposed. After an extensive investigation of options, an onsite solution was recom

> Heavy-duty, bigger steel cutters • Larger screening drums

mended to convert the outfall to an

exfiltration bed utilizing chambers. The chamber system saved consider able cost and also provided additional pollutant removal. The benefit of installing an exfiltration bed at the treatment plant is the reduction in phosphorous. Additional phosphorous will be removed by the natural ability of the soil to absorb the nutrient, there

by removing the impact to the sensitive

• Sensing and auto-reversing •Independent motor control • Grinds stormwater debris

• Protects pumps

Channel Monster® XD is the Extreme Duty grinder that protects big pump stations from big soiids. it shreds the toughest slugs of material, such as wood, rags, rocks and trash into particles that won't break or jam your pumps.

lake environment. Biofilters

Chambers are also now being spec ified in biofilters, beds of organic media that are used to scrub objection

Do you have an Extreme Duty pump station? Check out Channel Monster XD at WEFTEC or call your JWC Representative.

able odours from the air. Odorous air

vented from compost facilities, render ing operations, and pumping stations can be passed through a biofilter, removing ammonia and reducing sul phur compounds such as mercaptans.

Environmental

W1

Trust Monstei Quality"

Washington D.C. • Booth 9021

(800) 331-2277•(949) 833-3888 www.jwce.com

September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 29


Wastewater Treatment

Chamber systems have long been used in arid regions of the US and Canada in evapotranspiration beds. This chamber ET is serving a state park.

After an extensive value engineering review the Port

ground water included stone beds. However, the fines asso ciated with stone can have a significant adverse effect on the infiltration rate, thereby increasing the size of the recharge bed. Engineers have determined that if chambers are installed as the recharge solution the concerns regarding the

ers and engineers are challenged to create innovative solu tions to the world's wastewater problems, chambers could be

Burweii Wastewater Treatment Riant installed an "onsite

outfall" with substantial cost savings.

in the forefront of those solutions.

Dennis F. Hallahan P.E., is Technical Director,

adverse affect of fines can be minimized.

In the future we will surely see many new system designs and advanced treatment options developed in response to

Infiltrator Systems Inc. Contact: www.infiltratorsystems,com

changing environmental and economical needs. As design-

Water Quality an rssue,,,? Rent all your testing Instruments from Ashtead Technology Rentals

â&#x2013; 7° Ashtead is the leading rental provider for Environmental Monitoring, KJs

;Non-Destructive Testing (NDTj^and Remote Visual Inspection (RVI) equipment.

^ Bladder Pump&^, pH Meters IF Turbidity Meters

DO Meters

^^Fiowmeters Fiowmeters

Leveioggers & Baroioggers

Peristaltic Pumps

Water Level Meters ^

RENTALS

30 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

Water Quality Testers

800-242-3910 www.ashtead-technoiogy.com


Giving your piping challenges ^Mmm "'

I'x i

*

Depend-O-Lok^

Vic-Plug

J

B'n-'

L

Long lasting plug valves with longer service life.

PressfitÂŽ

The strongest, most versatile large diameter solution.

For 80 years, Victaulic has been the leader in mechanical piping systems. Victaulic's reputable and innovative piping solutions are used in WWTP plants and municipal systems worldwide for their economic and constructibility benefits. Contact us today to find out how we can solve your specific piping challenges.

Stainless steel for small diameter

air and water applications.

tel: 905-884-7444

www.victaullc.com

ctaulic


Groundwater

Potential use of phreatophytes in passive management of groundwater seepage By Greg Bickerton, M.Sc, P. Eng. Dale Van Stempvoort, Ph.D, Marcos Alvarez, Ph.D, and Steven Rose, M.Sc., P. Eng.

The overall intent of this

research was to investigate the potential to use phreatophyte tree species to control seep age of contaminated groundwater from an old landfill at Belle Park, located along the waterfront in Kingston, Ontario. Phreatophytes are terrestrial plant species that thrive under shallow water table conditions by extending their roots to the phreatic (water-satu rated) zone and transpiring groundwa

tion using phreatophytes, could be used effectively at Belle Park. In this approach the seepage of ammonia and iron in groundwater along the margins of the site would be captured or reduced by phreatophyte transpiration, a form of solar pumping. Uptake of ammonia as a nutrient by phreatophytes is anticipated. To determine the potential of phreophytes as a remediation alternative at Belle Park, transpiration rates of two mature black willows (Salix nigra)

ter. Conventional remediation tech

located near the south shore of Belle

nologies, including the current pump and treat approach being used at Belle Park, are expensive. Alternative, emerging remediation approaches may be better choices, or offer cost savings if used in combina tion with conventional approaches. Parallel investigations were conduct ed at Belle Park by Malroz Engineering

Park were investigated by: I) monitor ing patterns in groundwater fluctua tions in the vicinity of the study trees, and 2) direct sap-flow measurements (measured in one willow). The City of Kingston provided on-site meteorolog ical data. Groundwater was sampled from selected wells on two occasions

to determine any effects ofthe trees on

Inc. and Environment Canada. This arti

the distribution of ammonia and other

cle

contaminants.

focuses

on

the

study

by

The automated sap flow data col lected in May 2003 displayed a diurnal pattern. Calculations indicated a range in sap flow of approximately 1,200 L to 3,000 L per day for the tree studied, similar to some rates reported else where. Sap flow data were not avail able after May 2003 due to theft of equipment. Automated groundwater levels collected near the willows also

indicated a diurnal pattern. These data give a more direct indication of groundwater uptake by willows during transpiration. Clear diurnal signals were observed over most of the active

growing season for 2003, but not dur ing the period when sap flow data were collected (May 2003). We speculate that in May 2003, the willows at the study site were primarily transpiring water derived from a wet soil profile, related to a spring snowmelt event. Analyses of groundwater samples indicated anoxic, reducing conditions,

Environment Canada,

and also provides a brief summary of results by Malroz Engineering. Site specific infor mation and other phytoremediation studies

were reviewed, with a focus on information

relevant to 1) potential for hydraulic control of groundwater seepage by phreatophytes (e.g., poplar and willow); 2) potential for phreato phytes to uptake the two main contaminants

of concern at the study site:

ammonia

and

iron. The high ammo nia concentration in the

groundwater at Belle Park is typical of old landfills. This review indicated there is some

potential that a "pas sive" technology, landbased phytoremedia-

Greg Bickerton installs the datalogger for automated measurement ofsap flow in a willow at Belle Park.

32 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005


Groundwater with high iron, ammonia, chloride and

cated that these species can readily

methane. Some contaminant concen

establish themselves within the landfill

trations tended to be highest in the vicinity of trees, suggesting evapotranspiration has left high residues in groundwater. Distribution of ammonia did not indicate a consistent ability of

footprint. It is anticipated that future research will reattempt to obtain contemporane ous monitoring of groundwater fluctu ations and sap flow to reduce uncer tainty in quantification of transpira tion, with ongoing monitoring of the phreatophyte plantings.

willows to lower its concentration.

However, low ammonia concentrations

in the vicinity of one willow suggests nitrogen uptake. Numerical simulation of 2003 diur

Greg Bickerton, e-mail: greg.bickerton@ec.gc.ca and Dale Van Stempvoort e-mail: dale.vanstempvoort@ec.gc.ca, are with the National Water Research Institute,

Burlington, Ontario, Marcos Alvarez is with Environmental Biotechnology Applications, Environment Canada, Gatineau, Quebec, e-mail: alvarezm@agrgc.ca. Steven Rose is with Malroz Engineering, Kingston, Ontario, e-mail rose@nialroz.com

nal fluctuations in groundwater sug gests transpiration rates of approxi mately 20,000 L/day for the single mature willow studied in detail. These rates are consistent with some studies of

mature willows, but appear to violate the theoretical maximum evapotranspiration rate based on thermodynamic considerations and are not consistent

with other reports. The simulation rates are an order in

magnitude larger than the sap flow rates observed in May. Possible explanations for this discrepancy include uncertain ties associated with sap flow measure ments (25%), uncertainties in parame ters used in numerical simulations (e.g., hydraulic conductivity of soil/wastes), changes in transpiration rates associated with leaf development (after May 2003), and a potential role of hydraulic lift, whereby the willows might extract water from a deep layer of the soil pro file and redistribute it to shallow, dry soil layer (i.e. reduced amount of tran spiration per unit of groundwater uptake by roots). A simple numerical capture zone analysis based on estimated rates of transpiration (obtained from the sap flow measurements)suggests that it may be possible to arrange mature black wil lows such that adequate hydraulic con trol can be obtained during active grow ing seasons, without interfering signifi cantly with current park uses. If this hydraulic control by willows can be con firmed for other locations at Belle Park,

this approach may be an economical, "green" alternative to seasonally offset or replace the conventional pumping system currently in use. In the parallel study by Malroz Engineering Inc., two plots of young bare root phreatophytes were simulta neously planted to investigate their ability to adapt to the landfill setting,

Harmony. Mutual Benefits. Synergy. Relationships form the basis of iife, be it in nature or in the business worid. At CH21VI HILL, we believe in the relationships we have formed with our ciients. These relationships are buiit on trust, creativity, and finding solutions. We work together to arrive at a common piace.

Join our team and iearn what synergy is aii about.

CH2MHILL www.ch2mhillcanada.com

Responsible Solutions for a Sustainable Future*

and to observe their early influence on the shallow groundwater table. These

plantings (willows in particular) indi September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 33


Instrumentation

Automated nutrient monitoring for water and wastewater By R. Keir, Mohamed Aboul Elsh,Ph.D., D.L. Davis and R.H.Clifford,Ph.D.

Nutrient pollution of water

ways is a very serious issue experienced all over the world. Adverse human activ

major issues limiting the ability to

charging their waste through wastewater treatment plants, and inconsis tency of the data collected about nutri ents loading from certain wastewater treatment plants. In addition, more data is needed to be generated about

decrease the effect of the nutrients'

the effect of the nutrients on the

the regulations have not eliminated the problem completely, they have some what controlled the infiltration of the nutrients and decreased the effect of

ities increase the nutrients beyond the normal levels through point and nonpoint sources, such as deforestation

the nutrients in some areas. Two of the

and urbanization, use of fertilizers,

pollution are insufficient monitoring

Canadian ecosystem in order to find an

inadequate treatment of human sewage, increased animal waste, indus trial wastewater and aquaculture oper ations. Resulting nutrients enter into water systems, rivers and lakes, and

data from industries that are not dis-

effective solution. Continuous efforts are made to find

about the nutrients discharge and, as a result, reduce the nutrients discharged

lead to both enrichment and toxic

problems. Other problems caused by an

better monitor

ing/processing control techniques that would help provide more information

and their effect on the environment. A new on-line TNPC-4110C

.g 90 (0

U

increase in nutrient levels include acid

ification due to runofffrom agricultur al lands. Additionally, the runoff may lead to an increase in levels of ammo

nia and nitrate, which are harmful to humans and aquatic life. Canada

has

a

total

area

of

0.773611111

0.231944444

Time (hrs)

9,984,670 sq km that constitutes 9,093,507 sq km of land and 891,163 sq km of water. About 7,200 sq km is irrigated land and, as a result, fertiliz ers and animal waste that are either

used or present on the land are washed as runoff into the surrounding rivers, lakes, and eventually major oceans and

labour and cost.

bodies of waters, such as the Arctic,

Pacific, Atlantic and Hudson Bay. Reports have suggested that nonpoint sources, such as the use of fertil izers and manure, can contribute 293,000 tons of nitrogen and 56,000 tons of phosphorus armually to the

Shimadzu analyzer, capable of analyz ing/monitoring total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus(TP), and total organ ic carbon (TOC), has been recently introduced. The analyzer can be used for both monitoring processes and process control. It automatically per forms the sampling, pretreatment (physical and chemical), digestion, and analysis. So, in addition to helping meet current and future regulations regarding levels of nutrients being dis charged, the analyzer will save on

0.315277778

0.773611111

0.231944444

Time (hrs)

A study was performed in which this analyzer was installed in a wastewater reclamation plant that is respon sible for treating and discharging about 18 million gallons of water per day. Throughout the study, the instrument was not only used to demonstrate its ability to upgrade the technology being used, but also to automate the monitor ing and process control system within the plant to provide maximum effi ciency. The analyzer was installed between the primary clarifier and the biological

total nutrient levels in the Canadian

environment. On the other hand, pointsource pollution results mainly from municipal sewage, and contributes 80,000 tons of nitrogen and 5,600 tons of phosphorus annually. As municipal ities enhance their wastewater treat

nutrient reactor. It was used to monitor

ment facilities, the level of the nutri ents discharged is lowered, but the big ger concern is with utilities that still use primary treatment and communi ties that do not use any treatment. Certain regulations have been developed to control the nutrients' input into the environment. Although

the levels of nitrogen, phosphorus, and total organic carbon in the influent, and accordingly adjust the fermentate added for better treatment. Previous to installation of the TNPC-4110C ana 0.315277778

0.773611111

Time (hrs)

Hourly/daily nutrient trend

34 Environmental Science & Engineering. September 2005

lyzer, manual techniques were used for monitoring, which resulted in increased continued overleaf...


Polymer/Laminated / Corrugated Steel Pipe

protects against'// the uncertainties of^tomorrow

Pipe Price Comparison jiviner Laminated CSP

Galvanized CSP

Concrete

Chart is based on published price lists FOB Ontario Plants

January 2005.(*3600 dia. Concrete price estimated). Actual Installed prices will vary due to competitive bidding, installation costs and project location. All statements are based on extensive field

and laboratory studies.

•Can provide up to 100 years or more of add on service life to galvanized CSP.

•Tough, laminated coating resists attack from a multitude of agents. •Performs well in extremely aggressive environments. • Resists degradation by the chlorides and acids found in deicing salts and acid snow. •Abrasion resistant.

•Lightweight, long lengths provide ease of installation and transportation. •Exceptional strength through flexibility and coupler design.

Specify Polymer Laminated CSP For product specifications and detaiis contact any of the foiiowing CSPI members: CORRUGATED STEEL PIPE INSTITUTE Members: Fabricators: Armtec, Atlantic Industries Ltd., Canada Culvert & Metal Products, FSI Culvert Inc., E.S. Hubbell & Sons Ltd., Prairie Steel Products Ltd.,

Soleno Inc., SPIR-L-OK Industries, Steelcor Culvert Ltd., Twister Pipe Ltd., Westman Steel Industries. Steei Producers and Associates:

Dofasco Inc., IMW Industries, METAL KOTING, Noranda Inc.,

Sorevco, Steico Inc., The Dow Chemical Company.

652 Bishop St, Unit 2A Cambridge, Ontario N3H 4V6 Phone:(519)650-8080 Toll Free:(866) 295-2416 Fax:(519)650-8081 Email us at: info@cspi.ca

Visit our web site at www.cspi.ca


Instrumentation labour, wasted time, and increased cost.

As a result, monitoring was performed biweekly. Biweekly monitoring was constrained not only by availability of labour but also by availability of time to sample, digest, and analyze.

changes, and accordingly a better treated discharge. Automation of the whole monitoring process also meant that less error was involved in the sam

ple handling and analysis, which ensured more consistent data.

point-source pollution problems, can help in achieving one of the initiatives of the Canadian Council of Ministers

of the Environment, which is Pollution Prevention. This analyzer through its automated monitoring/analyses process

Reports have suggested that non-point sources,such as the use of fertilizers and manure,can contribute 293,000 tons of nitrogen and 56,000 tons of phosphorus annually to the total nutrient levels in the Canadian environment. Consequently, the reporting frequency was not consistent. Inconsistency caused over treatment or under treat

ment of water and, as a result, a dis

charge that would either introduce more chemicals or nutrients into the environment.

After installation of the analyzer, the automation capability not only reduced the involved labour and time,

With such an analyzer, a trend can be developed or obtained about the nutrient levels within the stream, which can help in improving the effi ciency of the treatment. Increasing the frequency of monitoring also meant developing a database of information about the nutrient levels not only with in a specific stream, but also informa tion that would help in relating the

will provide the wastewater treatment

plant with an advanced technology that will help accelerate the reduction in pollutants discharged and accordingly minimize the health risk involved. Not

only that but the TNPC-41 IOC analyz er automation capability, reduces the energy, resources, and materials used in the process.

but also enabled an increase in the fre

nutrient levels to other factors such as

Richard Keir is with Mandel

quency of monitoring and consistency of analysis. Increasing the frequency of monitoring was possible from biweekly, to daily or hourly, and as a result provided a tool which would allow a faster response to sudden

seasonal changes, industrial dis charges, or sudden input of nutrients into the system. In conclusion, using the TNPC41 IOC analyzer, in monitoring/analy sis/process control of one of the major

Scientific, Guelph, Ontario, e-mail: rkeir@mandel.ca. MohamedAboul

Water YSI

YSI 600 QS

Quality Meter

\w/w.hoskin.ca/ysi600

Temperature

Conductivity Dissolved Oxygen

iWL

Eish, Daniel Davis and Robert

Clifford are with Shimadzii Scientific Instruments, Maryland.

ORP Depth Resistivity

The 600 QS combines the compact 600R multlporometer water quality sonde with the rugged, reliable 650 MDS display/data logger into one easy-to-use handheld measurement unit. Equipped with YSI's patended Rapid Pulse dissolved oxygen sensor, there is no need to circulate or manually stir to provide stable and accurate DO readings. Other parameters include temperature, conductivity, salinity, ORP, and depth. The 600 QS con be ordered with various cable

Specific Conductance

j^Data fir a

lengths making it suitable for taking spot measurements or doing vertical profiling. For product and pricing information or rental rates please contact: Your Canadian YSI Service Centre Vancouver

T .i^ynvw.hoskin.ca

v_ 36 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

604.872.7894

Burlington

905.333.5510

Montreal

514.735.5267


JOHN MEUNIER

, '-'h'

John Meunier offers a complete line

of products & technologies for

industrial & municipal applications

WasteWater • BIOSTYR® Biological Aerated Filter • ESCALATOR® Fine Screen & Complete Headworks Line • Activated Sludge Processes / SBR / RBC • UV Disinfection Systems

• Clarifiers / Chain & Flight Collectors .HYDROTECH® Discfilter

• Stormwater Management Systems

Process & Drinking Water • ACTIFLO® High Rate Clarification • Membrane Systems • Ozone/UV Disinfection Systems

• Package Plants

Pilot testing available

Head Office:4105 Sartelon Street, Saint-Laurent(QC) Canada H4S 2B3 T(514)334-7230 • F(514)334-2574 Ontario Office : 150 Pony Drive, Unit #2, Newmarket(ON) Canada L3Y 7B6 T(905) 868-9683 • F(905) 868-9870

^^LIA Water

www.johnmeunier. com


Containment

Can Winbags solve emergency waste storage problems?

Constantly our society is forced to deal with issues per taining to pollution, ground

Holland, known internationally for its production and design of flexible plas

ever changing environmental regula tions. Ordinary citizens and corporate

vessels and covers for the industrial, municipal and agricultural sectors, became a partner in the concerted

entities must confront these issues on a

effort.

daily basis to avoid any further damage

Throughout North America today, we find areas with a mix of a high con centration of people, industrial entities and large agricultural operations all within close proximity to each other. Add to that the ever changing climatic conditions that produce sudden storms

water contamination and the

to our environment.

Cadman Power Equipment Ltd., located in Courtland, Ontario, special izes in the development and produc tion of liquid manure and wastewater management equipment and has recog nized the need for storage vessels that could respond quickly in emergencies.

and excessive amounts of rainfall and

the need for emergency supplies of

Management set in motion a con

potable water and the containment of

centrated effort to both enhance exist

liquid waste has never been greater. The joint effort of the two compa nies has led to the development of a completely portable system to facili

ing product lines and better meet the demands of today's environmental and regulatory issues. The result was a working agreement

â&#x20AC;˘5

. i.

tics and fibres for use as containment

tate the movement of one of its con

between Cadman and a firm in the

tainment bags to the site location with

Netherlands. Albers Alligator from

ease.

The system, known as the Winsystem" consisting of a trailer like structure with a rotating turn table and hydraulically powered winding system to rotate the drum, is used in conjunc tion with the Winbag". The complete unit can be pulled to the desired loca tion very easily by an ordinary pickup truck or SUV.

Once the unit arrives on site, the Winsystem trailer rotates to allow the operator to begin unwinding the Winbag and setting it on the desired location. Winbags are available in sizes from lOOm' (26,420 US gallons) to 200m'(52,830 US gallons). The Winsystem trailer can now return to its home location and return

with other Winbags if necessary because of the removable drum feature

Cadman has designed into the system. Once the emergency has passed and the liquids have been properly treated or disposed of, the bag is then re-rolled

Water

enraining

onto the drum of the trailer and

Nearly 130 Municipalities have come to trust our training! Call now for course special or Calendar Information! WINDSOR

3665 Wyandotte St. E. RO.Box 1625, Station "A" Windsor, ON N9A 5T7

Phone:(519)255-2870 Fiix:(519)974-1966

f

HAMILTON

returned to its original location. The many features of this interna tionally patented system, allow the response teams or individuals to han dle the emergency situations with ease, preventing very costly cleanups and environmental problems. Other products in the line allow for the immediate supply of potable water to storm stricken areas or the collec

Woodward Water/Wastewater

tion of early spring run off water to be used later for irrigation or livestock. The joint efforts of the two compa nies have resulted in a variety of prod ucts to help combat many of the emer

Treatment Facility 700 Woodward Avenue

Hamilton,ON L8H 6P4 Phone;(905)981-7771 Fax:(519)974-1966

I

â&#x20AC;˘ T.C.

gency and environmental issues we face today.

WtttOf OpartUon Trtilixbsy ConCro

Toil Free:(866)286-9828 Email:info@iowotc.com

www.owotc.com

38 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

Contact: dhaskins@cadmanpowei:com


WATER QUALITY

"The largest water quality conference in North America." "La plus grande conference sur la qualite de Teau en Amerlque du Nord."

QUEBEC CITY, QUEBEC | NOVEMBER 6-10,2005 TOPICS DISCUSSED INCLUDE: ■ monitoring and detection techniques

EES SUJETS DISCUTES INCLUS: ■ techniques analytiques et

• treatment processes

■ procedes de traitement

■ disinfection by-products

■ sous-produits de desinfection

■ coagulation and filtration

■ coagulation et filtration

■ organic and inorganic

■ contaminants organiques et inorganiques

contaminants

■ distribution system water quality ■ emerging issues

methodes de detection

■ quaiite de i'eau dans le reseau de distribution

■ nouveaux enjeux TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THESE OUTSTANDING OPPORTUNITIES:

TIREZ AVANTAGES DE TOUTES EES OPPORTUNITES:

■ technical sessions

■ sessions techniques

■ special topic sessions on timely issues

■ sessions speciales sur des sujets chauds

• early bird sessions

■ sessions pour leve-tot

■ in-depth and interactive workshops

• ateliers interactifs sur des

• technical facility tours

■ visites techniques

sujets pointus

FOR MORE INFORMATION, VISITWWW.AWWA.ORG/CONFERENCES/WQTC

4"^ American Water Works Association The Authoritative Resource on Safe Water"

Advocacy Communications ► Conferences

Education and Training Science and Technology Sections


Conference Previews

ES&E's annual fail

conference previews

Sunita Narain

Centre and the director of the Society for Environmental Communications and

publisher of the fortnightly magazine, Down To Earth.

Ranked in the top 1% of all trade shows in North America, WEFTEC is a

mega-show that is expected to draw over 16,000 attendees. With nearly 800 exhibiting companies and a renowned technical program, the show offers edu cational and networking opportunities. William K. Reilly

Attendees can choose from 110 techni

cal sessions,24 workshops and 11 facil ity tours to design their own learning

US Capital to host WEFTEC 05

Class H Insulation

The Water Environment Federation's

main annual event, WEFTEC, will be held October 29 to November 2, 2005, at the Washington Convention Center in Washington, D.C.

For Continuous Duty and V.F.D. Applications

William K. Reilly, President and CEO of Aqua International Partners LP will address the opening general ses sion. Mr. Reilly is a founding partner of the company, which invests in water projects and companies in developing countries. He formerly served as admin Protection Agency, the Payne visiting professor at the Institute for

Continuous duty and Variable Frequency drive (VFD) rated Insulation system rated to 1802 C (3562 F) Designed to operate over a wide frequency range or speed Special coated, voltage spike resistant, inverter duty motor Exceptional, high performance

International

capabilities

istrator of the U.S. Environmental

Studies

at

Stanford

University, and president of The World Wildlife Fund and The Conservation Foundation. He also serves as a trustee

ofThe American Academy in Rome and The National Geographic Society and is chairman ofthe board of World Wildlife

F.E. MYERS COMPANY

Myers

Division of Pentair Canada, Inc. 269 Trillium Drive â&#x20AC;˘ Kitchener, Ontario N2G 4W5

Pentair Pump Group

Tel, 519-748-5470 Fax 519-748-2553

engineered pump systems ltd.

Fund.

Also addressing the opening general session will be Sunita Narain, from the Centre for Science and Environment in

New Delhi, India. The Centre will receive the 2005 Stockholm Water

BRITISH COLUMBIA 1635 Industrial Avenue

Port Coquitlam, BC V3C 6IVI9 Ph;(604) 552-7900 Fax:(604) 552-7901

ALBERTA

115,9920 - 63rd Avenue Edmonton, AB T6E0G9

Ph:(780) 439-7800 Fax:(780) 439-7840

Toll Free: (800)668-4533 â&#x20AC;˘ Email: epsl@telus.net

Prize. She is currently the director ofthe 40 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005


Conference Previews experience and gain insights into devel

CBC journalist Rex Murphy will open

opments, regulations, and research, as

the 57th annual WCWWA conference

well as emerging technologies and proven approaches to everyday water quality challenges. Other conference highlights include the intense skills competition of Operations Challenge 2005, the

in Saskatoon, October 16-19. Mr. Murphy is well known for his informed, insightful and sometimes bit ing commentary on The National and his weekly talk show on CBC Radio.

AEESP/WEF Scientist Luncheon and

The conference's technical program will include some 60 papers covering:

Lecture, the WEFTeach, the Global Center, poster presentations, award pre

treatment, stormwater management,

sentations, WEFFilms luncheon pro gram, student activities, and much more.

For the latest updates, event and reg istration details, visit www.weftec.org.

Rex Murphy to open the 57"^ Annual Conference of the Western Canada Water and Wastewater Association

drinking water treatment, wastewater

sludge and residuals management, plant upgrades and optimization, sys tems management and regulations, operations and maintenance, water dis

tribution systems, rural and small sys tems, design and construction, process control.

ing: microbiology, combined and sani tary sewer overflows and filter audits for plant operators. CEUs will be offered for all workshops. The Monday evening networking event at the Top of the Inn (Sheraton Cavalier) will provide a great view of Saskatoon while delegates enjoy food, drink, comedy, and a game on the big screen. This "pub night" offers a chance for delegates to unwind, and renew or make new contacts. A come

dian will provide "half time" entertain ment.

A delegate luncheon on Tuesday will be hosted by the Western Canada Section AWWA. Delegates can meet the WCWWA board of directors,

Conference tours will include the

AWWA Vice President Mike Leonard

Canadian Light Source Synchrotron,

from Georgia, and learn about Water for People. The WCWWA Banquet will be held at the Sheraton Cavalier. A delegate luncheon on Wednesday will be hosted by the Western Canada Water Environment Association. Delegates continued overleaf...

ERCO

Worldwide

Manufacturing, Treatment

Chlorine

Langham

Plant,

Storm

Water Water

Retention Ponds and a KWFI Pipe Manufacturing Plant.

Three pre-conference workshops will be offered on October 16, cover

Find out how our solutions can improue your productlulty...

TrWtstei

Clarification Dissoived Air Flotation Trickling Filter Systems Biological Treatment Traveling Bridge Collectors Hydrocyclones Sludge Thickening Pumps Aeration Equipment Anaerobic Digester Equipment Biosolids Thickening Granular Media Filters Membranes

With the combined strength ofover 100 years ofwater and wastewater processing experience, Dorr-Oliver Eimco offers more process equipment expertise than anyone else. We supply unique and performance-proven designs adapted to your specific needs.

DORR-OLIVER EIMCO

COMPANY

For more information: Canada 705.325.6181â&#x20AC;˘ USA 801.526.2400â&#x20AC;˘vvww.giv.com Copyright GL&V. All trademar)^ and registered trademarks mentioned herein,are the property of GL&V, Dorr-Oliver Eimco and their respective owners.

September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 41


Conference Previews Quebec city, site of AWWA water quality conference

will hear a presentation from WEF rep resentative Dr. Mohamed Dahab and meet the WCWEA board of Directors.

An extensive guest program is also offered. Flighlights include: Sunday, October 16 • Scenic city tour • Lunch at The Berry Barn • Mendel Art Gallery Monday, October 17 •Tour of Wanuskewin Fleritage Park • Lunch and wine tasting at the Forestry Farm Tea House Tuesday, October 18 • Broadway Avenue shopping • Spa treatment at Spa Ahava • Lunch at Calories Cafe

All tours include a professional guide, motorcoach transportation, site admissions, and lunch. Registration is limited and is on a first come first served basis.

For further details, visit the Western Canada

Water

and

Wastewater

Association web site: www.wcwwa.ca

or e-mail: member@wcwwa.ca

No o</or5...No dust,,.

No kidding. Virtually eliminate hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, organic reduced sulfur

compounds, and other odors with Duall's

PTMD multi-stage factory packaged chemical scrubbers.

Join Our World-Class Team of Wastewater Treatment Professionals

Does a cBOD^ of 8o,ooo mg/L scare you? Ready for a change?

Capture and remove ^ lime stabilization dust with Duall's

Hydro-Lance™ submerged air venturi dust collector.

Not seeing a return on your time investment? Our Waterloo, Ontario team of professional engineers is looking to add an intermediate level Wastewater Engineer who is looking to take their career to the next level. Visit our website for complete details. www.geomatrix.com

METIPRO CORPORATION

Duall Division

1550 Industrial Drive• Owosso, Ml 48867-9799 • • Tel: (989)725-8184• Fax:(989) 725-8188• •info®dualldiv.com • www.dualldiv.com •

42 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

Geomatrix Geomatrix is an Equal Opportunity Employer M/F/V/D


Conference Previews

Quebec City to host AWWA water quality conference Quebec City will host the AWWA's 2005 Water Quality Technology Conference and Exposition, November 6-10, 2005. Held each year in a different US or Canadian city, the WQTC typically attracts some 1,500 delegates and offers a comprehensive educational program covering all aspects of drinldng water quality and technology. Topics for 2005 will include the following: • Water quality monitoring techniques • Waterborne pathogen occurrence

biofilm microbiology, data mining for

On Tuesday, there will be a special evening reception at Le Musee national des beaux-arts du Quebec. Nestled in the heart of Quebec City, in a historic park perched above the St. Lawrence

water quality planning, and contaminant warning systems. There are also two offsite workshops covering macroinvertabrate/bioassessment, and USEPA • Three technical facility tours will include the Quebec City Water

River, Le Musee national des beaux-arts du Quebec is an art museum that is also an exceptional architectural achieve

Treatment Plant, a tour of the historic

ment.

Method 1623.

water reservoir under Les Plaines

d'Abraham, and

a

Source

For

Water

further

information

visit

www.awwa.org

Protection tour.

JOHN MEUNIER

and detection methods

• Treatment processes and techniques • Disinfection practices • Laboratory methods and assessment

• Coagulation/filtration issues • Distribution system issues • Inorganic and organic

TOM AL" IWIETERiNCS SYSTEMS

TOMALMULTISCREW FEEDER The TOMALMultiscrew Feeder substitutes conventional

equipment like vibrating bottom, rotary valves as well as ordinary simple screw. TOMAL Multiscrew Feeder reduces production cost by providing highly reproductible discharge and precise metering.

contaminants • Taste and odor issues • Membranes

• Emerging issues • Disinfection by-products • Groundwater quality • Source water protection • Regulatory issues

At least 2 screws per feeder • Accuracy up to 0.5-1% • Linear discharge curve • Self-cleaning feeder screws

This event also features:

• Seven special sessions on the time ly topics of early Implementation issues for LT2 and Stage 2 DBPR, taste and odor solutions, Canadian and U.S. bor der source water protection, pathogenbased treatment requirements, mem branes for NOM removal, microbial source tracking, and a review of USEPA's TCR White Papers. • Three early-bird sessions: Two on Tuesday morning will cover an AWWARF research update, and the start of the special topic technical ses sion titled "Pathogen-based Treatment Requirements: Honing the Tools." Wednesday morning's early bird ses

Polymer make-up unit • Moisture prevention by an automatic closure of feeder discharge • No "Fish Eyes" formation • More than 25 years of experience of dosing and blending of polymer

Reliable system and easy to use • Robust and low-wear construction

sion will cover a new AWWA book on

Lime • Activated Carbon - Dry Polymer • Liquid Polymer

biodegradable organic matter. • Nine in-depth and interactive work shops: There will be seven on-site work

Sodium Bicarbonate - Potassium Permanganate

shops on a number of topics including, chloramination control and monitoring, UV disinfection using USEPA's Guidance Manual, source water protec tion, membrane filtration for compli ance with LT2, recent developments in

Sodium Silicate

• Internal memory in case of failure • Multiple options available Big Bag, voltage, size of the hopper...

Instrumentation Division

150 Pony Drive, Unit 2, Newmarket(ON) Canada L3Y7B6 Tel. (905) 868-9683• Fax(905) 868-9870 Order desk: 1-888-MEUNIER (638-6437)

www.johnmeunier. com

September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 43


Drinking Water I

Automatic valve closure improves chlorine gas safety at Petrolia water treatment plant By Terry Blackmore,P.Eng,Wendy Trottier and Vlad Petran,P.Eng.

The Petrolia Water Treatment

Plant, located in the neighbour ing town of Brights Grove, Ontario, was established in

chlorination system. Coagulation using aluminum sulphate (alum) fol lowed, with filtration using anthracite, sand, gravel, and stone coming online

1896. Following failed attempts to drill deep wells in neighbouiing townships, the town voted in favour of spending $172,000 to build an 11 mile (18 km) long cast iron pipeline from Lake Huron

Brampton, Ontario, was selected by the Town of Petrolia to design and manage the construction of an upgrade to the

to Petrolia and 14 miles(23 km)ofa dis

Water Treatment Plant to be able to

tribution network in town for the supply

produce up to 8 MLD,serving a popu lation of9,000 people. The major scope of the project included upgrades to the low lift pump station, installation of a membrane microfiltration system (Pall Corporation), installation of an emul sion polymer makedown unit (USFilter Stranco Products) as part of the residue management system upgrade, installa tion of liquid chemical feed systems

of the much needed fresh, clean water. The original pump house was located at the present day Water Treatment Plant. The Ontario Government began to set minimum water quality standards and in 1929 the department of health recommended chlorine disinfection, which the Petrolia WTP complied with

in 1930 with the installation of a gas

much later in the 1980s.

In 2002, KMK Consultants Limited,

Waterloo Biofilter Systems Inc.

Sign located at the Petrolia WTP with the original spelling of the town name.

(LMl-Milton Roy), and modifications to the existing chlorine contact tank. Another major aspect of the project involved the upgrade of the chlorina tion system including a new chlorine gas feed and control system and inte gration ofthe two existing chlorinators (USFilter Wallace & Tiernan). The

Chopping and pumping of difficult mediums LANDIA chopper pumps solve the toughest problems when pumping difficultto-handle-liquids with high solid contents. Chop

Raw unscreened effluents

Food industry effluents

Paper mills Slurries and

sludges And much more. With more than

and reduce

solids particle size while

•flexible modular design •golf courses,trailer parks, rural subdivisions •surface,subsurface or re-use options •low maintenance, low energy, no aerobic sludge •seasonal or year-round operation •remote monitoring service

143 Dennis St., Rockwood, ON NOB 2K0 Ph: 519-856-0757 Fax: 519-856-0759 www.waterloo-biofilter.com

pumping with our special knife system. Eliminate

clogging problems and prevent costly

60 years of experience, we offer just the right solution for your next pumping job. Distributed By:

breakdowns. engineered pump systems ltd. 1635 Industrial Avenue, Port Coquitlam,|G V3C 6M9

Phone:(604)esafrSOWEfflfrteol) 552-7901 Email: epsl@telus.net/Toll Free: 1-800-668-4533

44 Environmental Science c6 Engineering, September 2005


Drinking Water closure device is that the source of the

leak can be isolated, stopping the leak before it becomes a reportable incident. In some cases, with adequate subse quent ventilation, the operator is able to

to be initiated (i.e. contacting the local HAZMAT organization), the incident would have to be reported and instru mentation within the chlorine room

enter the chlorine room without the need

could be severely damaged due to chlo rine gas exposure.

for a self-contained breathing apparatus and protective clothing to troubleshoot

Uniform Fire Codes in the United

and find the source of the leak. Without

the ability to close the valve stem, the entire contents of the container would

empty without operator intervention, the plant's emergency protocol would have

Both

the

International

and

the

States, as an alternative to treatment sys tems for 68-kg and 1-tonne toxic gas containers, such as chlorine, sulfur diox ide, and ammonia, recognize automatic continued overleaf...

UPGRADE YOUR WWTP TO MEET NEW BNR

REQUIRMENTS FOR PENNIES

NOT DOLLARS/GALLON Installation of two 68-kg chlorine gas cylinders, each with a yellow auto matic valve closure devise installed.

Town of Petrolia preferred the use of chlorine gas to sodium hypochlorite but understood the safety concerns of operations staff as well as the residen tial community, which has encroached on the Water Treatment Plant over the

many decades the plant has been in operation. The Petrolia WTP uses two 68 kg chlorine gas cylinders and three

No upsets resulting from solids washout Increase capacity in existing tanks Less expensive than other BNR options

Operator friendly - stable system performance No redworms Proven and documented Over 400 installations in 44 countries

Achieve Nitrification even at 5°C / 41°F

chlorinators for pre-chlorination, postchlorination, and trim. The objective is to produce potable water with a chlo rine residual of 2.0 mg/L before mak ing the 11 mile (18 km) trek to the Mandaumin in-ground storage reser voir and finally to Petrolia for storage in the water tower.

In order to address the safety con cerns, the Town of Petrolia and KMK agreed to investigate the use of auto

matic valve closure systems to provide added safety to the chlorine gas sys tem. Automatic valve closure systems are actuators that mount directly onto the cylinder valve stem system (CGA Connection 820 yoke and adapter). An automatic valve closure system is designed to provide 40-50 ft-lb of clos ing torque to the valve stem upon receipt of an emergency shutdown sig nal, stopping any leakage that may be occurring. The advantage of an automatic valve

AnoxKaldnes waste\A/ater treatment systems AnoxKoidnes Moving Bed™ Biofilm Reactor(MBBR) AnoxKaldnes HYBAS™

Ph:(401)270-3898 - usa@anoxkaldne$.com www.anoxkaldnes.com

September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 45


Drinking Water valve closure systems. The Chlorine Institute (CI) recognizes these devices and publishes "Recommendations for Emergency Closure Devices for Chlorine Institute Standard Cylinder and Ton Container Valves

The British Columbia Occupational Health and Safety Regulation discuss es toxic gases and states that" in the event of an emergency or accidental release, the employer must ensure that ... the gas supply can be shut down manually from a remote location or by the alarm system so as to isolate the reserve supply within the system and stop the generation or flow of the gas...". Halogen Valve Systems of Irvine, California, was selected as the basis of design. The Terminator Emergency Shutoff System, designed specifically for 150-lb gas cylinders, is an electri

cally driven actuator that acts directly on the cylinder valve stem. The actuator mounts on the cylinder

valve stem by means of a drive bushing and two parallel rods that straddle the gas valve nozzle making it easy to remove during cylinder changes. The actuator is designed to apply 40 ft-lb of

closing torque to the valve stem after receiving an emergency shut down sig nal from any number of sources such as a chlorine gas detector. The actuator is designed as an emergency closure device and therefore is powered only in the closing direction. The duty opera tor must always accomplish opening of the valve manually. The electronic cir cuit board within the Gemini control

panel, designed to operate two actua tors, contains a microprocessor pro grammed to precisely control the valve closing cycle time and apply the required torque to the valve stem. An uninterruptible 12 VDC battery power supply ensures operation even during loss of plant power. In the event of a sustained loss of charging power(up to seven days), the microprocessor will

SCADA. Plant operators utilize the actuators to close the valves during change out ofthe eylinders. As well, the actuators are tested again when installed on the new cylinders, which ensures that the actuators are operating according to design specification. Since installation of the Halogen automatic valve closure system, there have not been any incidents with respect to chlorine gas leakage. However, oper ators at the Petrolia WTP are confident

that the actuators are in position and ready to use should the situation war rant, which will minimize chlorine leaks and any risk to themselves and to the community. Halogen Valve Systems is represent ed in Eastern Canada by Indachem Inc., Toronto, Ontario.

initiate actuator closure while suffi

cient power remains to apply the spec ified torque to the valve stem. At the Petrolia WTP, the actuators are installed on two 68-kg chlorine gas cylinders designed for automatic switchover. The actuator is tied into the

chlorine gas detector installed within the chlorine gas building as well as the Emergency Shutdown Button and plant

Terty Blackmore is with Town ofPetrolia e-mail: works@town.petrolia.on.ca Wendy Trottier is with Petrolia WTP e-mail: wendy@waterworksmw.com, Vlad Petran is with KMK Consutants

e-mail: vladp@kmk.on.ca

A HETEK

When it comes to water, isn't it time to call an expert?

SOLUTIONS INC.

Hetek*s Solution Water Loss Control Monitoring Using a wide range of specialized techniques and equipment, Hetek will gather data to assist you in building an accurate picture of your water use and associated costs.

Management Once your water demand is established, the experts at Hetek will work with your organization to implement the necessary training and strategies that reduce overall consumption on your site.

Sustainability To ensure that the progress made in reducing consumption is not lost, Hetek will maintain a relationship with your organization to control and improve optimized use over the long term. Corporate Head OfSce - Canada 2085 Piper Lane, London, Ontario N5V 3S5 Toll Free: 1-888-432-8422

Email: sales@hetek.com www.hetek.com

46 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

/ 50th V y Anniversary y

^1956-2006


Hazardous Waste

Imports and exports of hazardous waste decline

Figures released by Environment Canada demonstrate that, for the fifth year in a row, there has

been a decline in the amount of

hazardous wastes and hazardous recy clable materials imported into Canada. Hazardous waste exports also declined between 2003 and 2004.

rial governments in 2000 and 2001. These hazardous wastes and recycla ble materials can come from many dif ferent sources, including industrial waste, or from household products such as cleansers, used batteries, oilbased paints and leftover pesticides. Due to their makeup, these wastes can

Most notable is the decline in the quantity of imported

Because of Canada's close geographic and economic relationship with the US, reducing the distance hazardous waste needs to travel for instance, can

significantly reduce cost to industry and the risks associated with the time

spent during transport. Since 1992, the Government of Canada has had strict regulations on the transboundary movement and tracking

hazardous wastes destined for incineration and

of hazardous wastes and hazardous

physical/chemical treatment in the province of Quebec.

recyclable materials. In addition, the recently published Export and Import

The figures for 2004 indicate that imports of hazardous wastes destined for disposal declined by over 12,000 tonnes from 2003 quantities. During the same period, imports of hazardous recyclable materials destined for envi ronmentally sound recovery or recy

cling operations increased by nearly

pose potential risks to both human

of Hazardous Waste and Hazardous

health and the environment.

Recyclable

Material

The disposal of the waste we pro duce, be it household non-hazardous garbage or hazardous industrial waste,

which

come

will

Regulations,

into

force

in

November ofthis year, will further con tribute to the protection of the environ

needs to be done in an environmental

ment and human health and will mod

ly sound manner, so that human health

ernize the control regime.

11,000 tonnes, or 5.8%. Most notable

and the environment are protected. Managing waste in an environmentally

For further information visit:

is the decline in the quantity ofimport

sound manner makes economic sense.

www.ec.gc.ca/media_e.htm

ed hazardous wastes destined for

incineration and physical/chemical treatment in the province of Quebec. The Government of Quebec has placed more stringent controls on the registration of disposal facilities and their operating conditions, as well as implemented pre-treatment require ments for landfilling. As a conse quence, in 2004 a number of facilities in Quebec have reduced their imports from other countries for disposal as they make modifications to their oper

(ADMH/AIBIRS WINBAd^ SYSTEM

For Temporary Storage of liquids - Safe, affordable

enclosed storage - Capacity - up to 53,000 gallons

ations in order to meet the new stan

dards and specifications. The 2004 figures also show that Canadian exports of hazardous wastes and hazardous recyclable materials decreased by almost 13,000 tonnes since last year. This is a decrease of

- Self-contained

hydraulic power pock - Easily transported by pick-up or SUV

about 4% overall between 2003 and

2004, from 321,294 tonnes to 308,357 - No need for semi or CDL licensed driver

tonnes. The reductions in exports are due in part to a decrease in the amount of used acids and bases sent for regen eration or reuse, as well as a drop in the quantities of spent catalysts, sol vents and metal containing materials sent for recovery or recycling opera

- Meets all highway safety standards - Fully galvanized tandem axle trailer

tions in the US.

Each year. Environment Canada releases statistics on the export and import of hazardous wastes and haz ardous recyclables to measure progress against waste reduction and environ mental sound management of waste goals set by federal-provincial-territo-

Cadman

38 llAain St. * Courtland, Ontario, Canada

POWER EQUIPMENT

1-866-422-3626

I

= I .I

t r f fVrf/â&#x20AC;˘

AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY

& IRRIGATION EQUIPMENT

www.cadmanpower.com September 2005. Environmental Science & Engineering 47


Drinking Water Water / Waste Water

KSB

Refocusing on small water purification systems By Suchit Kaila,Ahron Nahmias,P.Eng.and Maggie Patterson, MSc.F.

Although waterborne disease Without KSB,

water standards.

Canadian towns and cities,

The system is designed to treat a surface water source or a groundwater

the tragic occurrence of

No One Would

sickness and death due to waterborne

Set Foot in Here

pathogens in Walkerton, Ontario, and North Battleford, Saskatchewan, have refocused Canadians on the impor

With KSB, rivers, lakes and seas

can keep their natural balance. Our tried and tested pumps and mixers help clean up in munici pal and industrial waste water disposal and treatment systems. They also transport clean water to where it is needed. You can draw

on over 100 years of fluid flow expertise. As a reliable and effi cient systems supplier and service partner, we'll put your projects on a sound footing. KSB Pumps Inc.â&#x20AC;˘ Mississauga, Ontario

not able to treat the water to drinking

outbreaks are uncommon in

source under the direct influence of surface water to the MOE standards. It

is not designed to treat brackish water or water with unacceptable levels of

tance of our water.

chemical or mineral contamination.

Ontario's response to these events has culminated in the current Drinking Water Systems Regulation (Regulation 170/03). Although this regulation is currently being revised, its impact has already had a major effect on small water systems that use a surface water source or groundwater source under

The system is designed and engi neered by integrating different equip ment and technologies into a single package and developing integrated solutions for control, monitoring and reporting. The system is made up of the following equipment: 1. Chemical feed panel to dose coagu lant for chemically assisted filtration. 2. Media filters for particulate removal.

the direct influence of surface water.

Because the monitoring and reporting requirements are difficult for small sites without full-time trained staff,

pre-packaged treatment, monitoring and reporting systems offer a solution to what might otherwise be an inten sively manual water system operation. Metcon Sales & Engineering

3. Absolute rated one micron filter car

tridges. 4. UV disinfection system. 5. Online turbidimeter to measure tur

bidity. 6. Chemical feed panel for chlorination. 7. Online chlorine & pH monitor and

E-mail: ksbcanada@ksbcanada.com

Limited realized the need for effective

controller.

Tel.(905) 568-9200â&#x20AC;˘ www.ksb.ca

water treatment with efficient remote

8. Videographic chart recorder.

The Amarex-KRT sub

mersible motor pump for

all kinds of waste water.

monitoring. This led to the develop ment of pre-engineered packaged water treatment systems which meet the filtration and disinfection require ments of the Ministry of Environment (MOE), monitor and record turbidity, chlorine residual, pH, UV, distribution flows and are compatible for remote site monitoring without needing certi fied personnel to visit the site regular ly to collect and record data and pre pare reports. Pilot studies were conducted at var ious sites with varied influent water

quality parameters, including high lev els of iron and manganese, to design a packaged system that could address all concerns and provide an efficient, unmanned and fail-safe solution to

produce safe drinking water. The Metcon Packaged Filtration System filters and disinfects water. It continually monitors treated water tur bidity, free chlorine residual, pH, UV, distribution flows and tank levels, and records these values for reporting requirements. It will shut water flow off and activate an alarm circuit if it is

48 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

9. Auto alarm dialer. 10. MRS software for remote monitor

ing and reporting. For sites where high levels of iron and manganese are present, an addi tional chemical feed panel to feed oxidant is added to the system for oxida tion and precipitation of iron and man ganese, which are then filtered by macrolite media filters. In some cases

granular activated carbon filter(GAC) is also required after macrolite filter to adsorb oxidant, colour, taste, and odour. Where GAC is used, chlorina

tion is required before and after the fil tration system. 1. Chemical Feed System for Coagulant - An engineered chemical feed system with Surefeed controller technology and ProMinent metering pumps for duty standby operation. The coagulant feed system is flow paced by a signal from the flowmeter. 2. Macrolite Media Filter â&#x20AC;&#x201D; When

fine pre-filtration is critical, this inno vative ceramic media is used to remove

particles as small as three microns. It normally requires no conventional pre-


Drinking Water treatment such as coagulation or flocculation to remove particles. This special media effectively removes particles such as clay, silt, oxidized iron and manganese, dead microorganisms and precipitates from other treatment processes. The Macrolite Media Filter System features metered and ondemand control, adjustable backwash times to accommodate changing inlet water characteristics. Effective filtering capability assures continuous, high quality, filtered water and the compact media beds require less water for back wash.

3. Absolute

Cartridge Filter

Rated

-

advantage of minimizing chemical usage for operational cost savings. The system incorporates a pause contact, to freeze the control signal when the well pump is off. 7. Online Chlorine Monitor and

ment in the industry. The measuring probe is reagent less and buifer less, thus there are no operational costs associated with chemicals usage. The only consum ables are the electrolyte and cap which are replaced approximately every 9-12

Controller -The ProMinent Dulcometer

months. The chlorine measurement is

Chlorine Residual Analyser is an amperometric type analyser with a membranecovered probe. It has many features, which makes it the most preferred instru

both pH and temperature compensated to ensure the chlorine residual is as accurate

as possible. continued overleaf...

Rotary Lobe & Disc Pumps Right first time, every time

One-Micron

The Harmsco

POLY-PLEAT absolute one-micron

rated filter cartridge meets or exceeds the three logs (99.9%) removal requirements described in NSF Standard 53 for cyst sized particles and is ideal to control cryptosporidium, giardia cysts and other harmful microorganisms to help ensure cystfree drinking water. These cartridges are ideal as final filters for municipal water filtration and provide long filter life due to their pleated design and

What you want from a pump is quite simple: It should perform to specification, year after year, with minimum maintenance. The right pump is the one you can virtually forget about once it's installed. So it pays to choose carefully. if you're specifying rotary lobe pumps or single/dual disc pumps, that means choosing the SSP brand. No one knows the technology better. SSP Pumps, formerly sold under the brand names of Lobefio, MGi and Alfa Laval, offers the broadest range of rotary lobe pumps available in the world today. Our proven, high specification designs are manufactured with the precision to keep on working the way you intended from day one ... whatever the duty across a whole range of industries.

Single Disc

Dual Disc

I

increased surface area. The filter mate

rials are FDA listed for use in potable water and the filters themselves are certified to ANSI/NSF 61 standards

for use in potable water. 4. UV Disinfection Systems - The UV reactor meets the minimum 40

mJ/cm- (40,000 pwsec/cm-) treatment requirement, in addition to being a NSF/ANSI Standard 55-Class A sys tem which is designed to disinfect and/or remove microorganisms from contaminated water, including bacteria

SSP Single Disc pumps are designed for use within effluent processes for pumping

SSP Dual Disc pumps are designed for use within effluent and industrial treatment

sludges and other waste media having

processes where arduous duties in harsh

entrained solids.

conditions exist.

Flow rates up to 24 m'/h

• •

Differential pressures up to 1.5 bar Sludge thickness content up to 6%

• • •

Flow rates up to 52 m^/h Differential pressures up to 3 bar Sludge thickness content up to 10%

Series G

Series D

and viruses, to a safe level.

5. Online Turbidity Monitor - The H.F. Scientific MicroToL on-line tur

bidity monitor meets USEPA method 180.1 and ISO 7027 design and per formance criteria. It has a fast response time and inexpensive calibration due to low sample volume. The unit has removable sample cuvettes to allow for easy cleaning and calibrating. 6. Chemical Feed System for Chlorine - An engineered chemical feed system with Surefeed controller technology and ProMinent metering pumps for duty standby operation. The chlorine feed system is proportionally paced by both flow and chlorine resid ual (using the chlorine analyser/con troller), allowing tight control over the

SSP Series D ductile iron rotary lobe pumps fulfil positive transfer duties

SSP Series G rotary lobe pumps are

throughout industry by providing durable cost effective performance.

• Differential pressures up to 15 bar

and are amongst the world's largest pumps of this type. • Flow rates up to 680 m^/h • Differential pressures up to 10 bar

• Flow rates up to 160 mVh Port sizes 80- 150 mm

Locally Distributed By: Aquateck 2485,Guenette

designed for high volume transfer duties

Port sizes 150 - 300 mm

North American Master Distributor:

GPM Pumps,Inc 110 Gateway Drive

Ville St-Laurent

Macon,GA31210

514-633-0999

Phone:815-675-0524

Toll free:1 -877-633-0999

www.gpmpump.com

www.aquateck.com montreal@aquateck.com

chlorine residual which has the added

September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 49


Drinking Water

f

Skid-mounted filtration and UV system, rated for 60 GPM manufactured for the Manorview WTP.

8. Videographic Chart Recorder -

9. Auto Alarm Dialer -The Metcon

Monitors and records treated water

EcboDial is an automatic alarm dialer,

parameters like free chlorine residual, pH, treated water turbidity, UV inten sity distribution flows, and tank levels. An optional Ethernet modem can be added as built in with the data logger so that all data can be remotely moni tored and downloaded to generate reports through MRS software from a

which notifies personnel in the event of a process alarm. The EcboDial allows for up to 96 analog or dry con tact inputs and 16 different phone numbers to be programmed. The user recordable alarm message allows and cause of an alarm. The EcboDial

Software is the solution for remote

remote location.

has a sophisticated lightning and surge

data collection and report generation

instant identification of the location

protection system, containing three levels of protection. The unit also has a line seizure feature, which will inter rupt a phone conversation, or an offthe hook phone in order to call out, ensur ing that you always know the potential problems in your system. 10. Automatic Reporting SoftwareMRS (Metcon Reporting System)

Got Bleach? Get ProMinent Metering Pump Technology. Many innovations and features are built into the designs of our Sigma and gamma/L metering pumps and Pre-Engineered systems to address the problems specifically associated with bleach (sodium hypochlorite, sodium hypo, hypochlorite sodium, hypo, or hypochlorite )feed, monitoring and control (and similar chemicals such as hydrogen peroxide and ammonium hydroxide).

Auto-Degassing Valve Q

i Discharge CT

No Bubbles 'â&#x20AC;&#x201D;' Suction Bubbles in Line

(off gassing)

-g 0) Oct.

Experts in Chem-Feed and Water Treatment

Integrated Auto-Degassing Valve cures "off-gassing" in bleach feed applications All materials and design are selected for best performance in bleach applications! Long term experience in bleach feed from the market leaders

Low and High Flow Metering Pump Systems Low and High Flow Metering Pumps More Information;

CANADA- www.prominent.ca - Tel:1-888-709-9933 USA- www.prominent.us - Tel:(412)787-2484

50 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005


Drinking Water of data collected from the videographic chart recorder. MRS simplifies the repetitive tasks of data collection, archiving and report formatting. It contains a set of reports tailored to solve the large reporting requirements for the water industry.

water, full treatment and reporting will likely remain part ofthe regime. Hence the demand for a user-friendly pre packaged solution for small water sys tems is here to stay.

Suchit Kaila, Ahron Nahmias and

Maggie Patterson are with Metcon Sales &

Engineering Limited. Contact: ahron@metconeng.com

The software is installed on the

user's computer and is configured to collect data for field recorders either

by modem or manual upload via card reader. MRS uses a secure, robust and structured SQL database format. This

allows Crystal Reports to present data in a professional and meaningful man ner. The base software is supplied with a selection of reports for chlorine, tur bidity, and flow. MRS generates suit able graphical and tabular reports for flow, chlorine, turbidity, and UV mon itoring. Summary details and summary reports are available to the user. Reports generated by MRS can be exported for further analysis with Microsoft Excel and other spreadsheet programs.

In Ontario, for those water systems that have no history of problems with their groundwater, and are not under the influence of surface water, it is

expected that the treatment and report ing requirements may be more relaxed under the upcoming Regulation 170. However, the risk associated with

drinking untreated water that has not been adequately filtered through the ground, means that for those sites that use surface water or groundwater under the direct influence of surface

E^Z OUT MANUFACTURING INC.

rHE QgPNAL LIFT OUT COUPLING FOR srfHlERSIBLE PUMPS UP TO 5 HP ^ewage,storm water, & effluent pump systems For concrete, steel, or

fiberglass tanks Allows for removal of

pumps from above ground No confined space entry to access pump No pull rods or hold down rods

No diaphragms New 3" Lift-Out

Lift out slide rail system designed for most verticai discharge type submersibie pumps under 5 HP. Designed to provide easy service removai for most submersible

sewage,sump and grinder pumps from wet well sump applications. The system can prevent the need or risk of a confined space entry to service pumps.

Check Valve

1635 industrial Avenue, Port Coqultiam, BC V3C 6M9 Ph:(604)942-7994 Fax:(604)942-7954 E-maii: e-zout@telus.net

Focused on the Special Needs of Industrial and Commercial Clients for More Than 20 Years Geomatrlx www.geomatrix.com

industrial Wastewater • Process troubleshooting

• Treatment system debottlenecking • Technology review and testing • Plant upgrades and expansions • Residuals management

Environmental Engineering

Regulatory Compliance • Air / noise, water, waste • Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety due diligence • Industrial safety engineering • Audits, assessments, investigations, training

• Environmental site assessments

• Site remediation and Brownfields

redevelopment • Litigation support • Hydrogeology

From multi-billion dollar Fortune lOo companies to family-run Owner-Manager enterprises, Geomatrix serves industrial and commercial clients locally and around the world from our 16 North American offices.

September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 51


Drinking Water

For millions of Bangladeshis,ash may offer hope By Dan Krotz

involve coating the ash with a com

pound that attracts arsenic, filling tea bag-sized pouches with the powder, and distributing the filters throughout the countryside, one per family per day. Water drawn from any one of the millions of contaminated wells that dot

Bangladesh could then be poured through the filter and safely con sumed.

Ashok Gadgil, a scientist in

After receiving $5,000 in seed funding from the Berkeley Lab Technology Transfer Department in

Figure 1: Bottom ash before (left) and after coating with ferric oxide

the Environmental Energy Technologies Division at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), is develop ing a cheap and effective way to pro vide safe drinking water to 60 million Bangladeshis who live with the threat of arsenic poisoning. Gadgil's idea is to create arsenic filters from coal ash, the fine gray powder that piles up, waiting to be discarded, at the bottom of fur naces at all coal-fired power stations. Arsenic poisoning in Bangladesh

has been called one of the largest mass

2003, Gadgil set out to develop a filter

poisonings in human history, expected to cause 10 percent of all future adult deaths in the impoverished nation of

that is affordable and effective. His

130 million. For reasons not entirely understood, the shallow tube-wells that

Bangladeshis depend on for water con tain dangerous concentrations of the toxic substance; if ingested at these concentrations over long periods of time, arsenic leads to debilitating

options quickly narrowed; he needed a material that has a high surface-to-vol ume ratio, is pathogen free, and is available in large quantities at low cost. Reflecting on carbon as a commonly used

filtration

medium,

Gadgil

thought about left-over coal ash, the large piles that collect at all coal-fired power stations, waiting to be sent to

lesions, cancer, and death.

landfills. An additional $20,000 in

Although still in the investigational stage, Gadgil's technique would

seed funding from the Blue Planet Run continued overleaf...

Is your con^any at risk of noiFCon^liance with Emironmental& OHS law? Failure to understand, comply, or even be aware

of new legislation CAN COST YOU... •In fines •In labour problems and shutdowns •In bad public and investor relations •In jail time for company officials

And worst of all, in environmental damage and human loss and suffering.

There is an EASY way to ensure your company stays on the right side of Environmental and OH&S law. Subscribe to EcoLog.com, Canada's comprehensive source for Environmentai and OH&S iegisiation and news. Your EcoLog.com subscription includes: 1. Online access to 1100+ Environmental and 700+ OH&S acts

and regulations. 2. eAlerts to track legislation changes.

Subscribe now and pay only $75 a month! Call Toll Free: 1-888-702-1111

ext. 6 & quote code # E01A35 3. EcoLog Week: weekly Environmental eNews to keep you up-to-date on green industry.

4. Monthly eReports: Environmental Compliance eReport and OH&S Compliance eReport to help you avoid fines. 5. Environmental Terminology Guide - updated for 2005. 52 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

www.ecolog.com


imm

Call for an Exhibitor Kit

The Canadian Envitonmentai Comerence & Tradeshow iCiSHCTi

WWW,CAN£€TMet

today!

The

Your Chance to Meet:

2006

• Environmental managers

Canadian

Environmental Conference & Tradeshow (CANECT 2006) Co-located with Heath & Safety Canada 2006 - an annual conference and tradeshow of the Industrial Accident Prevention Association

May 1-2,2006 MetroToronto Convention Centre

and co-ordlnators • Environmental auditors and consultants • Government officers and

policy-makers

• Professional engineers • Plant managers, hazardous materials

supervisors and engineers • Environmental health and

safety professionals • Dangerous materials shippers and supervisors • Spills and emergency response teams • Workplace environmental and health and safety committee members

• Municipal officials and

South Building

officers

Contact: Denise Simpson - E-mail: denise@esemag.com or Penny Davey - E-mail: penny@esemag.com

An ideal opportunity to meet potential prospects! En vironmental Science

Engineering MAGAZINE

220 Industrial Pkwy.S.,Unit #30, Aurora, Ontario L4G SVG

Tel:(905) 727-4666, Toll Free: 1-888-254-8769, Fax:(905) 841-7271 Web site:www.esemag.com

4

CAmCHAN ASSOCIATION

V^QCI I I ^EXFOSmON MANAGEMENT

acge

L'ASSOCIATION CANADIENNE aeGESnON D'EXPOSmONS


Drinking Water Foundation helped him explore this option.

Coal ash is composed of particles that measure between one and 10

microns in diameter, much smaller than a 100-micron-diameter human hair. This means that even a small vol

ume of the powder has a lot of surface

area, maximizing the opportunity for surface reactions to snare arsenic. The

ash is also heated to 800 degrees Celsius during the coal burning process, so it's sterile and free of

volatile compounds. And it's plentiful. Coal-fired power plants provide most of neighboring India's electricity, and the locally mined coal used is uniquely suited for Gadgil's purposes; it's only 60 percent carbon, meaning 40 percent becomes ash.

specially treated coal ash makes a very powerful filter. After spiking lab water with so much arsenic that its concen

tration soared to an extremely toxic 2,400 parts per billion (ppb), the team

water with concentrations above 10

arsenic concentration to 10 ppb. The Bangladeshi standard for safe drinking water is 50 ppb. Gadgil estimates that five grams of

ppb. Gadgil will determine whether

filter material could render about three

gallons of Bangladeshi well water— with an average arsenic concentration of 400 ppb—safe to drink. Put another way, a filter the size of a tea bag could provide drinking water for a family of six for one day. He also estimates the

technique will cost about thirty cents per person per year. The next-best option is a filter developed by a Bangladeshi

After obtaining some ash from

engineer, backed by the non-profit organization IDE-International, that uses pulverized brick instead of ash. It

Pang, Christie Galitsky, Duo Wang, and Anna Blumstein. Together, they developed a way to coat each ash par ticle with ferric hydroxide, a chemical

would cost $9.70 per person per year.

element to precipitate onto the particle (see Figure 1). Initial tests indicate this

600,000 California residents consume

found that the filter lowered the water's

India, he assembled Team Arsenic, which includes Lara Gundel, Yanbo

that reacts with arsenic and forces the

Environmental Protection Agency rule, effective in 2006, that tightens the U.S. arsenic drinking water standard from 50 ppb to 10 ppb. Currently,

Closer to home, the California Energy Commission's Public Interest Energy Research program recently

awarded Gadgil $250,000 to explore whether a variation of this technique can help the state comply with a U.S.

ash derived from U.S. coal can be

developed into a filtration system and whether such a system can work at small municipal water treatment facili ties.

Initial results appear promising. Currently, the cost of arsenic removal at small municipal water systems

ranges from $58 to $327 per household per year. Gadgil estimates that his

method would cost less than $1 per household per year, not including the one-time cost of coating the ash with ferric hydroxide. In addition to this research close to home, Gadgil will also intensify his efforts to help Bangladesh—if he secures more fund ing.

Dan Kvotz is a writer in Berkeley Lab s Public Information Office. Contact: DAKrotz@lbl.gov

ELIMINATE

SANITHERM ENGINEERING LIMITED

ADI International Inc. Introduces

a new adsorption process for Package Water and Wastewater Treatment Plants Worldwide

the reduction of hydrogen sulfide from gas and air streams.

iin

Manufacturers and Suppliers of Water and Wastewater Products and Processes

Sanitherm Engineering has developed a worldwide reputation for quality equipment and service over 59 years. Our package plants are found in South Korea, Indonesia,

sulfa-bind™ • Handle H^S concentrations up to 30,000 ppm

Russia, Peru and tlrroughout North America. We design, build,install cind/or operate plants,aird represent over 20 pre mier manufacturers in Canada, tire USA,Japan, and Europe.

• Reduction in 60 seconds or less

We supply SaniBrane^'^' Membrane Bioreactors (MBR's), RBC and SBR package plants, static tube aeration, odour control, disinfection, air stripping towers and much more.

• Multiple regenerations without chemicals or backwashing

contact time

Can adsorb nearly half its weight in H^S Completely non-combustible, non-hazardous Package water and wastewater treatment | PUNT IN Canada's far North

800-858-1888

www.adi.ca

Please see our Product Index at

www.sanitherm.com.

HEAD OFFICE, NORTH VANCOUVER,BC,CANADA Tel:(604)986-9168 Fax:(604)986-5377 E-mail: saneng@sanitherm.com

54 Environmental Science & Engineering. September 2005

A

Tel: 506-451-7407 Fax:506-459-3954

Email: elw(gadi.ca 1133 Regent St., Suite 300 Frederlcton, NB, Canada E3B 3Z2


International Law

Canada's climate change strategy By Paul Manning,Wilims & Shier Environmental Lawyers LLP Ottawa has fleshed

domestic or international emission

out its strategy to force large emitters of greenhouse gases (GHG) to

reduction credits, or contribute to a new Technology Investment Fund

intend to add GHGs to Schedule 1 of the

(TIE), which will help promote techno logical innovation and reductions beyond the Kyoto period. Access to the TIE will be capped at 9 megatonnes. If a company cannot meet its target, Ottawa has pledged not to seek a penal ty "greater than $200 per excess tonne

Canadian Environmental Protection Act,

of emissions unless circumstances dic

enabling the promulgation of enforceable back-up regulations luider the Act. While working to guarantee compli ance with the forthcoming compulsory

tate otherwise."

meet their individ ual reduction tar

gets by 2012. As expected, the feds

limits, the feds have also offered to

soften the economic blow of cutting GHGs by capping reduction costs. The measures, which should be in place by 2008, would affect about 700 compa nies in the oil and gas, mining and manufacturing, and thermal electricity sectors.

Emitters will have several compli ance options. They could invest in inhouse emission reductions, purchase

The plan includes a potentially cost ly pledge. To promote compliance, Ottawa would implement, "if required, a price assurance mechanism to ensure that companies would be able to meet their regulatory obligations at a cost of no more than $ 15/tonne for the period 2008-2012." Special credits, rebates, or a new investment fund are among the funding supports suggested. Companies that have surplus emis sion reductions may sell them to other companies or to the Climate Fund. Ottawa will establish the basic rules for

trading domestic offset credits and an electronic system for tracking transac tions. However, the private sector is expected to set up and run brokerages, carbon exchanges and other compo nents of the trading infrastructure. Details on setting emission reduc tion targets, compliance mechanisms, and the preferred regulatory options were published in the Canada Gazette Part I on July 16, 2005. In addition, the scientific rationale for regulating GHGs under CEPA s.64 has been posted on the CEPA Environmental Registry. The Canadian plan mirrors renewed international support for the Kyoto Protocol. Despite the distraction of the London bombings during the G8 sum mit meetings of early July, the leaders (including the Americans!) found time to issue an extensive communique reaf firming their commitment to reduce GHG gas emissions, enhance energy security, support clean power and ener gy efficiency, and cut air pollution. continued overleaf...

Unlock Your Bioreactor's Potential Total Control ATP Technology by LuminUltra™ Opum/ze Your MacronutriMt

Make Biological Wastewater Treatment Work For You

Supply!

£

The next generation of biological monitoring is here! Total Control technology is based on the measurement of AdenosineTriphosphate, or ATP, the primary energy-carrying molecule in all forms of life. Use Total Control technology on any biological waste treatment process at any location to accurately monitor biomass concentration and

300 a.

7-Month Tims Scalo

health within minutes.

Total Control consists of easy-to-use test kits, simple equipment, and robust data collection and interpretation software. Through only a few tests per day, you will gather meaningful information that allows effective process optimization, leading to more efficient operation and real cost savings! Total Control; the next generation in biological waste treatment monitoring.

\S LUMINULTRA"

Discover the true potential of your biological waste treatment process!

Vancouver • Edmonton • Calgary • Saskatoon • Regina • Winnipeg • Mississauga

1 -800-387-7503

www.cleartech.ca

ClearTech.

September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 55


International Law

US border restrictions worry waste managers By John Willms,Willms & Shier Environmental Lawyers LLP

Canadian Agreement) would also be applied to solid waste transfers. The bill (H.R. 2491) now moves to the full House for a vote.

After years of debate, Washington may begin to tight en the U.S. border to Canadian solid

waste

imports.

Conventional wis

dom has always held that NAFTA

would preclude any closure. However, recent developments suggest NAFTA

may no longer guarantee oiu^ trash access to U.S. landfills.

On June 29, the U.S. Congressional Committee on Energy and Commerce approved The International Importation and Solid Waste Management Act to give individual states greater conti'ol over the wastes that pass their borders. The notice and consent provisions that currently apply to transboundary hazwaste shipments (under the U.S.-

Then in July, the U.S. Senate passed a provision that would prohibit vehicles containing Canadian waste from enter ing the U.S. until the Secretary of Homeland Security certifies the meth ods used to inspect the vehicles for potential threats. Claiming we face "a waste manage ment crisis", the Ontario Waste Management Association has called on the province to quickly implement an integrated waste management plan to handle Ontario's waste within its own

Dependable, Operator-Friendly, and Cost-Effectlve Enh

BlologjcalNutj; The process design of the CDS Technologies Hybrid Biological Nutrient Removal (HBNR) system has many features that give this process significant advantages over other BNR processes.

borders. A study completed by RIS International earlier this year says the disposal situation will become "much worse over the next five years." The study showed that: • Delays and inspections of Ontario waste crossing into the U.S. are already causing major problems. • Michigan is imposing restrictions on waste imports and increasing the fees it charges on waste imports. • If the border closed, Ontario's waste transfer stations have only two days capacity to manage the situation. It's not just about Toronto's garbage. About two-thirds of the waste being trucked to the U.S. comes from other

municipalities across the province, including Peel,York, Durham, Hamilton, Halton, Kitchener, Brantford, London, Barrie, Peterborough and Sudbury. However, not everyone agrees that the situation is critical. We do not have

Denitrlflcation

Gas-Lock Siphon (GLS) Decanter

CDS Technologies HBNR plants are designed to achieve high levels of denitrificatlon, resulting In:

eral advantages over other decanter designs including:

• Reduction of alkalinity suppiementation and aeration costs

with additional process stability preventing sludge floatation • Low nitrate levels which are

crucial for biologicai-P removal

Use of the GLS decanter offers sev

• Much lower effective loading rates than conventional lowering weir systems • Lower construction and installation

costs with no moving parts or complex mechanisms

With some 600 installations worldwide, the CDS Technologies HBNR system is the proven choice for the reliable and

economical removal of biological nutrients from wastewater?

to worry about the U.S. border closing to Canadian garbage, according to Michael Neely, area president of Republic Services, which holds the dis posal contracts for a number of Ontario cities, including Toronto, Owen Sound and Kitchener. In a recent issue of

Better Fanning, Neely is quoted as say ing it's clear sailing to the end of the Toronto contract.

If Michigan does succeed in shut ting its borders to Ontario's solid waste, the MOE can invoke emergency pow ers and force municipalities with untapped landfill capacity to take out side trash, at least for the short-term. The MOE can also alter the CofAs of

private landfills, amending the allowed service area and annual fill rate restric

STORM WATER Engineering Healthy Waterways

800-848-9955

CSO/SSO

WASTEWATER

www.cdstech.com

tions, to permit them to handle more municipal waste. For more information visit www.willmsshier.com

56 Environmental Science & Engineering, September2005


Energy Research

Sediments in northern Gulf of Mexico not

right for methane gas hydrate formation By Jane M.Sanders,Research Horizons,Georgia Tech Researchers investi

gated methane gas hydrates in the north ern Gulf of Mexico off

New Orlean

30*N

the coast of New

Orleans in the fall of 2002.

25°N lOO'W

ss-w

Marine sediments in the northern Gulf of Mexico

are likely too warm and salty to hold the amount of methane gas hydrates - a potential energy resource - originally thought to

90ÂťW

SS'TW

the gas hydrates at these sites, but the deposits are likely thin or non-existent, Ruppel said. Researchers collected their data during a two-week research cruise in October 2002.

Methane gas hydrates are touted as

a potential new source of natural gas, but scientists are also studying them because they may contribute to global warming and could represent a threat to deep-sea petroleum production. contimted overleaf...

exist in the ocean floor there.

Researchers reported high-resolu tion geophysical and geochemical data for two representative sites off the coast of New Orleans, La., that suggest previous estimates for the region should be revised sharply downward, according to their paper published in the March 15 issue of the journal Geophysical Research Letters(GRL).

AQUASTORE TANKS FFll

11

F

DEbllllllE

the

2003-2004

Builder of the Year Award

"We found that conditions are not favorable for the formation of methane

gas hydrates at these sites because of the geology of the northern Gulf of Mexico, which consists of salt domes that one can think of as mushroom

clouds of salt that rise buoyantly through sediments," said Carolyn Ruppel, an associate professor of geo physics in the Georgia Institute of Technology's School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences and lead author on the paper. "The thermal properties of salt make the sediments hotter there, and the heat, coupled with the pres ence of the salt in pore spaces, makes it harder to form gas hydrates." The

research,

a

collaboration

between Georgia Tech, Rice University and the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, was funded by the National Science Foundation. The

nounstfTORc Tanks & Domos

Greatarlo Engineered Storage Systems Tel:(519)469-8169 Fax:(519)469-8157 www.greatario.com sales@greatarioengsys.com

S) I

irS NOT A TANK UNTIl IT'S BUILT...

researchers continue to analyze their data to get a quantitative estimate of September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 57


iimiifciii ii IIin——

Energy Research

sign up for a Free trial www.ccohs.ca/iegislation

stay in

Compliance!

Carolyn Ruppel of Georgia Tech, chief scientist on a cruise to investigate methane gas hydrates in the northern Guif of Mexico, with coiiaborator Jerry Dickens of Rice University, aboard the R/V Seward Johnson.

Supports your

Methane is produced by the decoinposition of organic material in the sed iment or by thermal processes similar to those responsible for the formation of oil. As the methane moves through

ISO-related

the sediment, it combines with water at

Requirements w

Includes both

the low temperatures and high pres sures beneath the ocean to produce an ice-like solid. Methane gas hydrates exist along continental margins world wide, most in sediments tens to hun dreds of meters below the sea floor in

Environmental and

equipment from the lab of co-author and Georgia Tech Assistant Professor Daniel Lizarralde to image the sea floor and to find conduits through which fluids could flow. Geochemist and co-author Gerald

Dickens of Rice University worked with graduate students to analyze water samples from cores of sediment extracted from the sea floor. They developed chemical profiles that revealed, for example, salt and sulfate concentrations. Sulfate measurements

OSH Legislation

waters more than 500 meters deep. These hydrates exist as disseminated deposits, chunks several centimeters

w

across and sometimes as concentrated

interaction of microbes that produce sulfate and methane.

Provides referenced

layers. In the northern Gulf of Mexico,

Standards(CSa & cgsb)

previous research on potential methane

resolution heat flow measurements to

T

Free Monthly Update Service 1-800-668-4284 www.ccohs.ca CCOHS Canadian Centre for

Occupational health and Safety

Canada

gas hydrates assumed homogeneous conditions (e.g., same temperature and geology) and did not consider the impact of salt on hydrate formation, Ruppel noted. "The methods we used are very good at helping us understand the con ditions in the sediment and make a pre diction of what's there," she explained. "We found conditions that are not

compatible with published estimates that imply large methane gas hydrate deposits in the northern Gulf." Ruppel and her colleagues took a multidisciplinary approach, using overlapping methods to characterize the two sites they studied, she said. They used high-resolution seismic

58 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

are important for understanding the biology of the system, specifically the

Ruppel was responsible for highconstrain temperature and the rate of fluid

flow

in

the

sediments.

Collaborators from Scripps Institution of Oceanography also collected data on fluid flux from the sea floor in the

northern Gulf - an important con straint on the hydrology of the system and its potential for hydrate formation, Ruppel noted. These measurements were not incorporated into the analysis published in GRL. "When you put all of this together, you get a good idea of the conditions in the gas hydrate reservoir - that is, the sediments that contain gas hydrates," Ruppel added. Research to characterize methane

gas hydrates is ongoing throughout


Energy Research North America and the world, Ruppel noted. She and her colleagues have also studied hydrates at Blake Ridge off the South Carolina coast during normal oceanographic cruises, deep sea drilling legs, and submersible dives. On the Blake Ridge, they char acterized hydrates both below and on the ocean floor. Through the interna tional Ocean Drilling Program, other seientists have drilled or will soon drill

boreholes to explore hydrates off the eoasts of Oregon and Vancouver. Other

research

is

focused

on

hydrates as potential energy sources, as well as the safety issues related to drilling. These issues include the potential for sea floor destabilization that could occur as hot fluids are

pumped up from deep sediments through the hydrate stability zone, Ruppel explained. "Methane gas hydrates are like ice," she added. "They can melt and cause the sea floor

to collapse. The oil companies are interested in understanding this issue

HOBO Water Level Data Logger The new HOBO Water Level Logger features high accuracy at a great price, and HOBO ease-of-use. It is ideal for recording water levels and temperatures in wells, streams, lakes and wetlands. Temperature Range:

Features

0 - 50°C +.37(@ 20 °C) 3 Pressure Ranges Available:

• Low Cost

• No-vent-tube design

0 - 9m,±21 mm

• Fully sealed housing

0 - 30m,±41 mm

• Optlcal/USB Internee

0 - 76m,±87mm

• Includes calibration certificate

• Lightning protection

• Durable ceramic pressure sensor • Multiple-rate sampling

• HOBOware™ software provides easy conversion to accurate water level readings,fully compensated for barometric pressure*,temperature and water density *second barometric sensor required

better."

Ruppel and colleague J. Carlos Santamarina, a Georgia Teeh professor in

the

School

of

Civil

and

Environmental Engineering, will focus on these questions when their research group participates in drilling this spring in the northern Gulf of Mexico. The U.S. Department of Energy is

funding this work through a joint industry project with ChevronTexaco. "There's a lot of research

on

hydrates going on," Ruppel said. "Ultimately, these studies around North America and the world will shed

more light on how much hydrate is out there. I hope that will get us closer to answering the question about whether hydrates are a viable energy resource. It's going to take some time. If we do learn it's a viable resource, then we'll have to face a new set of issues on how

to actually produce energy from this resource."

Producing methane from gas hydrates faces some daunting chal lenges. A key question is whether it would take more energy to extract the gas hydrates than the gas may provide,

For detailed specifications, please see: www.hoskin.ca/water-level-logger.pdf

Hoskm Scientific Ltd* www.hoskm.ca

80 yeais of quality,service and competitive pricing. Available Options:

Standard Rsatunss; Stainless Steel Hardware, Hinges &

Recessed Padlock • Horizontal

Hold-Open Arm • Flush Drop Handle

Compression Springs • Vertical

• Staple for Padlock

^

(on all Pedestrian Doors)

Compression Springs • Frame Skirt or Reduction Gasket•

• Slamlock (on all H-20 Doorsl

Stainless Steel Safety

Chains • Special Coatings

(Epoxy, •TamperResistant Fasteners •

Integral Anchor

Galvanized,

Flange • Written

J • Frame

10-Vear Warranty * Quick-

Response Delivery assures products when you need them

Cushion • Hatch Net

& Safety Grate Features Retrofit Design

Ruppel added. Engineered Pump Systems Ltd.

Caii Toll-Free

1635 Industrial Avenue

1-800-668-4533

Technical contacts: Carolyn Ruppel e-mail: cdr@eas.gatech.edu

Phone:(604)552-7900

Gerald Dickens

Fax:(604) 552-7901

Port Coquitiam, B.C. vac 61^9

RABMCffnONi

Email: epsl@telus.net WORLDWIDE

e-mail: jerry@rice.edu Access Doors • Hatches • Floor Doors September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 59


Disinfection

Technological innovation for sodium hypochlorlte dosing

Water disinfection is the

By Nicholas Valente, Marc Lariviere,Valerie Lefebvre and Julie Heroux

tested means of water and wastewater

in various processes for disinfection and bleaching. Also referred to as NaCOl, bleach, hypo, or chlorine, it is subject to degradation within the pip ing and pump system as it releases oxygen gas and results in crystalliza

disinfection is chlorination. Two fun

tion of the residual.

damental methods include gas chlori nation (CI2) and liquid chlorination (NaOCl) otherwise known as sodium hypochlorite. Chlorination was intro duced as a commercial water purifier

If the oxygen gas or vapour is allowed to build up within the piping and reagent head in sufficient volume, a typical reciprocating piston metering pump, used for accurately feeding chlorine to the process, will not func tion properly as gas in the pump head is compressed, minimizing the dis charge check valve to open upon dis charge stroke of the pump. Consequently, this effect could require that the pump be reprimed for opera

most critical process in

the treatment of water and wastewater. The world's most universal and time

in 1908. Chlorination has since been

acknowledged as the optimum method for water disinfection due to its unique ability to provide residual protection throughout the water distribution sys tem.

As a result of safety concerns with handling gas chlorine, the application of CI2 continues to decline while liquid chlorination and other alternative yet more recent technologies such as UV (ultraviolet light) and Ozone (O3) con tinue to be more promising and a safer means of disinfecting water and wastewater. Yet of great significance, sodi um hypochlorite or liquid chlorination water disinfection has been proven to be a reliable application for treating water globally for over 50 years. Sodium hypochlorite is widely used

The Pulsar HypoPump features a patent-pending design that aiiows pressurized process fluid to cyciicaiiy flush vapours and liquids through the pump's discharge check system while maintaining high performance and chemical dosing accuracy.

tion. Conditions that tend to increase

gassing in sodium hypochlorite solu tions are:

• Elevated temperatures. • High concentrating solution. • Exposure to sunlight or UV rays. • Reduction in pressure. • Cavitation.

• Poor piping conditions. • Contact with metallic impurities. • Contact with organic impurities. • Age of solution. • Quality of solution.

Reciprocating piston metering pumps or diaphragm metering pumps have been historically preferred in the dispensing of sodium hypochlorite because of their superior ability to accurately dose chemicals into a

WE DO IT ALL CORROSION PROTECTION & SEALING SYSTEMS YOU CAN DEPEND ON

Extend Structure Life,

Reduce Maintenance & Repair Costs • for industrial steelwork, pipework & road surfaces • above & below ground pipe, valves, fittings & steel • offshore marine piling protection • road, bridge, airport & ashpolt applicarions A member of Winn & Coales International.

Denso www.densona.com Toronto • Edmonton Denso North America Inc.

90lronsideCres.Unlt12 Toronto,ON IV11X1M3 Tel; 416.291.3435 Fax: 416.291.0898

60 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005


Disinfection process stream with great precision and repeatability at a constant pres sure. Additionally, the diaphragm metering pump is sealless and leak proof by design with negligible main tenance and simple commissioning. Traditionally, the diaphragm meter ing pump industry has promoted the use of degas valves on the discharge port of the pump which diverts gas back to the suction supply source of the bleach. This method has been

widely accepted and successful in many applications. However, the small

diameter ports in the valve system tend to plug and require continuous flush ing or cleaning through human inter vention since the system is open to atmosphere on the discharge side of the orifice. Additionally, an external bypass piping system and degas valve assembly require additional costs and maintenance while presenting more opportunities for undesired chlorine leak paths. New technology developed Pulsafeeder has developed a new technology that provides a simple and

pending design that allows pressurized process fluid to cyclically flush vapours and liquids through the pump's discharge check system while maintaining high performance and chemical dosing accuracy. The design

is integral to the pump head and elim inates the need for expensive, unreli able, and undesirable bypass systems, including piping, valves, fittings, and instrumentation. Most notably, this continued overleaf...

The Definitive Resource for Relevant Research in Environment and Resources Annual Review of Environment and Resources® Now Available—Volume 30, November 2005— Online and in Print

Editor: Pomelo A. Matson, Stanford University The Annual Review of Environment and Resources covers the significant developments in the ronge of topics that ore represented within environmental science and engineering, including ecology and conservation science, water and energy resources, atmosphere, oceans, climate change, agriculture and living resources, and human dimensions of resource use and global change.

Access online NOW at httpi/Zenviron.onnuolreviews.org ORDER TODAY AND SAVE 20%! Volume 30 [ November 2005|ISSN: 1543-5938|ISBN: a8243-233CK)

intuitive pressurized flushing system integral to the pump head specifically designed for metering sodium hypochlorite solutions with great accu

Mention priority source codeJAES305 when plocing your order.

racy and repeatability.

Contact Annual Reviews for institufionol pricing and site license options.

The Pulsar HypoPump was explicit ly designed to meter the full range of concentrations of sodium hypochlorite and its vapours associated with heat and degradation of composition. The Pulsar HypoPump features a patent-

Discounted Indivlduai Price (US/lnt'l): $68.80/$72.80 Regular Individual Price (US/lnl'l): $86/$91 . Handling and applicable sales tax additional.

ANNUAL REVIEWS | Intelligent Synttiesis of the Scientific Literature

i

Call toll free (US/CAN): 800.523.8635 or Coll: 650.493.4400 worldwide Fox: 650.424.0910| Emoil: service@annualr8views.org Order online at www.onnualreviews.org

F'*"

MULTI-STAGE FILTER PACKAGE TREATMENT PLANT for SMALL SYSTEMS Enhanced Multl-Stage Filtration Package Plant. High quality treated water without coagulant aide, or pH chemicals. Treats a wide range of raw water quality. Greater than 4 log removal of Giardia and Cryptosporidium. Simple cleaning technique. Operating costs are very low. Meets government guidelines for filtration of surface waters.

Phone (905) 853-0164 17665 Leslie Street, Suite 47

Fax: (90S) 8S3-8807 email: info@msfilter.com

Newmarket, ON. L3Y 3E3

web: www.msfilter.com

Toll Free: 1-866-853-0164

MSTilter Inc.

Simply a Better Solution

September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 61


Disinfection I The unit is available in PVC and The automatic valve

assembly consists of a pressure bal VALVE FLAPPER

anced valve which

opens periodically to allow fluid from REAGENT HEAD

the discharge line to bypass the dis charge check valve and How back into

SOLENOID VALVE

the pump head. The valve is actuated by

mnm

a

solenoid

con

trolled by a solidstate timer. The sys tem

also

Manual Button

has

a

Override to

enable

faster pump prim ing at pump start up or other situa tions.

system is closed-looped and not open to atmosphere crystallization of the sodium hypochlorite. The

exclusive

and

distinctive

design also enhances self-priming capabilities since the pump system

automatically evacuates entrained air in the piping system and pump head. The Pulsar HypoPump is designed to enhance dosing applications by maximizing run time and minimizing

PVDF construction with dosing rates from 0.5 gph through 110 gph (1.9 416.4 Iph) and pressures as high as 150 psig (10 bar) through temperatures of 150°F (65°C). Also available with manual stroke adjustment, digital microprocessor based speed and stroke control, 4-20 mA stroke control, stan dard and custom DC and AC variable

speed control, and SCADA communi cation protocol technology. The Pulsar HypoPump has been installed in a wide variety of signifi cantly troublesome installations throughout the United States in an effort to substantiate and demonstrate

its performance in actual municipal and industrial water and wastewater

applications. Nicholas Valente is with Piilsafeeder, a unit ofIDEX Corporation. Contact: ivww.pulsafeedei:com Marc Lariviere, Valerie Lefebvre and Julie Herou.x are with John Meunier Inc.

Contact: amc@johnineimier.com

downtime and human intervention.

Nurture your quality system — one employee at a time Introducing a more cost-effective way to get everyone in your lab to support your Quality Management System.

STEP UP YOUR PROTECTION The Hycor® Monoscreen™ Automatic Escalating Screen is designed for fine screening with

minimal

headloss.

Available with openings of 0.5 to 5 mm (0.020" to 0.200") for clean water flows from 4.4 to

CAEAL Training Services now offers online training options. It has never been easier to leam about:

Accreditation of Environmental Laboratories

Measurement Uncertainty for Users of Laboratory Services and for Regulators: Being Certain about Uncertainty Register now! For more information, please visit www.caeal.ca or call (613) 233-5300.

1752 L/S (0.1 to 40 MGD), the Monoscreen has rows of self-

cleaning bars in an escalating staircase configuration with increasing pitch step. It operates intermittently, and forms a unique pre-coat mat to capture solids even smaller than the screen openings. This particular feature means the Monoscreen will typically trap 40% more solids than similar screens. Your pumps and downstream equipment and processes will be well protected.

._ACLAE Parkson Canada 9045 C6te-de-Liesse Suite 201

PARKSON CORPORATION

CAEAL■ "F

www.parkson.com AN AXEL JOHNSON INC. COMPANY

62 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

Dorval, QC H9P 2M9 Tel.: 514-636-8712 Fax: 514-636-9718

canada@parkson.com


Site Remediation

Surfactant desorption Is key to successful PAH bloremedlatlon By Tony Robson

Fomiulations which are patented

f

non-ionic surfactant mixtures used in the in situ and ex situ

>

-- ABSORBED

cr"

CONTAMINATION

treatment of petroleum hydro carbons, chlorinated solvents, heavy met als, and more recently PAHs, PCBs and involved

in

Surfactant

I^

+

MTBE type contaminated waste are

AD

o—

Enhanced

Bioremediation (SEB®) using Ivey-

! c/

sol®. These surfactant formulations have

the ability to enhance soil biodegrada-

IVEY-SOL

tion.

During in situ and exsiU( bioremediation,

k

>

^AD 1—O

V

the effectiveness of the bioremediation

process is a function of balancing several physical and chemical parameters to achieve effective bio-mineralization of

the target contaminants. The addition of Ivey-sol to the substrate can aid in the controlled desorption of the contami nants making them more bio-available. As a result, the duration of hydrophobic

Figure 1

oi'ganic chemicals (HOC) bioremedia tion can be reduced by as much as 30 to 60%,or more.

Normally hydrophobic organic chemicals exhibit limited bioavailabil-

ity to microorganisms as the contami

matrix. This partitioning can account for as much as 95% or more of the total contaminant mass. Thus this lim its the concentration of HOC available

to the microbial population. Hence eertain HOCs such a polycyclic aro-

nants tend to partition onto the soil

continued overleaf...

Laboratories I Service Beyond Analysis

Comstock Canada Ltd. Contributing to Canada's Friendly, professional & /

"dQdcated staff Pre^beleclJDOttlds

Water and Wastewater Infrastructure Coast to Coast for Over 90 Years

Sample pIck-up ^Electronic reporting and data transfer

^Customized packages Rush turn-around-time avaiioble

View and downioad resuits with webEARTH

Design Build Construction Multi-Trade Contracting Facilities Maintenance & Management

Toll-free 1 800-661-7174 Calgary Toll-free 1 800-856-6261 MIsslssauga

3455 Landmark Road, Burlington, ON L7M 1T4

www.agatlabs.com

Phone: 905-335-3333 Fax: 905-335-0304

hton,Grand Prairie, Red Deer,Fort St. John

www.comstockcanada.com

Comstock An BMCOR Company

Septemlier 2005. Environmental Science & Engineering 63


Site Remediation matic hydrocarbons (PAH), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and phtalates can persist in the soil matrix for long periods of time. The use of Ivey-sol surfactant formulations, as part of a well designed bioremediation process, will provide a mech anism to desorb and mobilize the target contaminants from the surface of soil and bed rock to make them more available

to the indigenous or introduced microbial populations. Bioavailability is governed by the substrate concentration

100mm PVC PERFORATED PIPE

6m' VAPOUR BARRIER LINER

Ex Situ Bioremediation.

that the cell membrane comes in contact with (i.e., what the microorganisms 'see') as well as the rate of mass transfer from potentially bioavailable (e.g., non-aqueous HOCs)phase to the

Canadian Environmental

Certification Approvals Board

directly bioavailable (e.g., surfactant-aqueous HOC) phase. Surfactant Enhanced Bioremediation affects the sorption of HOC and surfactants at the solid-liquid interface (i.e., the surface-H20-NAPL interface). This mechanism is in part

The Competitive Advantage Certification for environmental

businesses and practitioners Enhances professional credibility and recognition for environmental expertise.

Find out more at

www.cecab.org/ese

responsible for the increased bioavailability of the HOC and surface-bound nutrients. SEB using Ivey-sol is effective at low surfactant concentrations. It expedites bioremediation of the contaminated soil and positively affects the surfactant-soil-NAPL systems (e.g., mass transfer of HOCs, cell hydrophobicity, and cell attachment at interfaces) while averting the inhibiting and/or microbial toxic effects associ ated with some surfactants (i.e., catonic and anionic) which are only effective at much higher concentrations. How Ivey-sol technology works An illustration of how the SEB - Ivey-sol technology works, is shown in Figure 1. This should be used to augment one's present knowledge of bioremediation to understand the Ivey-sol surfactants' effects on a microscopic scale in improving the controlled liberation of hydrocarbons and nutrients (i.e., surfactant-aqueous HOCs and nutrients-aque ous) and their controlled availability for mineralization by the microorganisms present. This illustration demonstrates how the technology desorbs contamination in the soil and either dissolves it for in situ or

ex situ applications. In the case ofex situ Surfactant Enhanced

MacViro Acquires Environmental Hydraulics Gro MacVIro recently acquired Environmental Hydraulics Group Inc. (EHG) to complement existing hydrotechnical service capabilities. Founded In 1987 by Dr. Alan Fok, Ph.D., P.Eng., a PEO-Designated Hydraulics Specialist, EHG has emerged as a world leader in hydraulic surcharge and surge analysis of complex projects for public and private sector clients. EHG continues to provide hydraulic conveyance reviews and optimisations from Intakes through pumping stations, open-channel elements and outfalls with focus on water and wastewater treatment plants. MacViro Consultants Inc. is an Ontario based company located in Markham providing consulting engineering, planning and scientific services to our clients In the private and public sectors. As a multldlsclpllne engineering services organization, we are dedicated to creating environmental and energy solutions for a healthier tomorrow. MacViro Consultants Inc.

MacViro

600 Cochrane Drive, Suite 500 Markham ON L3R 5K3

Tel:(905)475-7270 Fax:(905)475-5994 vww.macviro.com 64 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005


Site Remediation Bioremediation (SEB), the surfactants desorb the contaminants, making them

process. After excavating and bio-piling the soil, the surfactant enhanced bioremediation treatment was applied and the bio-pile was then covered. Daily aeration was done during the treatment period. After only 12 weeks samples taken from the pile showed

alone will not remove it from the sur

population. Range of applications Ivey-sol surfactant formulation can selectively dissolve a broad range of petroleum hydrocarbons from light, to medium, to heavy-end HOC type con tamination. In addition, formulations have also been developed that are very effective on: chlorinated solvents,

face. This

PCBs, PAHs, and MTBE. It has also

completed

been shown to enhance the effective

Standards and the soil was safe to re

ness of in situ soil and groundwater bioremediation, and ex situ soil (landfarm) type bioremediation processes by increasing HOC bioavailability. Case Study (PAH & diesel soil remediation) Ivey International Inc. was retained by Quinsam Coal Corporation to reme diate over 200,000 kilograms (440,000 lbs) of diesel and PAH contaminated soil at their mining operation located

use on-site.

more bio-available and, as a result,

expedite the biodegradation process. This mechanism can be described as follows:

• When HOC (i.e., petroleum prod uct) is absorbed on a soil grain, water is

a

function

of the

hydrophobic characteristics of the HOC, which repels the water at its sur face, and its inherent low water solu

bility. • With the addition of SEB Ivey-sol surfactants, the Ivey-sol hydrophobic grouping is repelled by the water but attracted to the HOC on the surface. At

the same time, the hydrophilic group ing is attracted to the water molecules. • These opposing forces loosen the HOC from the surface of the soil

matrix and suspend it in the water phase. Once dissolved, the suspended

that the remediation of the Fueloil/Diesel and PAH contamination was

to

BC

Environmental

PAH Case Study (bench scale) During the spring of 2005, Ivey International's Research & Development Division was retained to conduct a

bench-scale testing to determine the effectiveness of Ivey-sol for the desorption of PAH contaminants off silty-sand soils that had originated from an indus trial brownfield site with over 100,000 tons of contaminated soil. The remedia

near Vancouver, BC. Baseline total

tion plan involved a combination of in situ and ex situ bioremediation of said

tion in a 'surfactant-aqueous HOC microscopic outward appearance, it is

petroleum hydrocarbon concentrations exceeded 10,000 ppm and several of the PAH parameters exceeded the applicable Envirorunental Standards. Ivey International Inc. treated the con taminated soils using their new

more bioavailable to the microbial

Surfactant Enhanced Bioremediation

HOC is more visible to the microbial

population present. • Once liberated in low concentra

soils. The critical barrier associated with PAH bioremediation is its low bioavail

ability due to the fact that 90 to 95% of PAHs preferentially absorb on to sur faces versus being dissolved in the aquecontinued overleaf...

WASTE WATER TREATMENT NOISE CONTROL PANEL SYSTEMS

There's Only One Original, Complete & Patented

I

ECKOUSTIC FUNCTIONAL PANELS...the

practical efficient solution to noise reduction needs.

High Performance combined with Economy • Outstanding sound absorption • Reduction of reverberation & background noise • Simple installation • Easy maintenance & durability

ECKEL INDUSTRIES OF CANADA LIMITED

15 Allison Ave., Morrisburg, Ontario KOC 1X0 (613) 543-2967 FAX:(613) 543-4173 1-800-563-3574 CAN./USA Web Site: http://www.eckel.ca/eckel E-mail: eckei@eckei.ca

I

Grit Removal System

Why are there more PISTA® Grit Chambers In operation than any other grit removal system? It's simple: Smith & Loveless' flat-bottomed PISTA® Grit

Chamber Is unparalleled In the world of grit removal.

• Unparalleled Innovation: Decades of Product R&D/Knowledge • Unparalleled Design: Patented 360 Vortex Technology • Unparalleled Performance for Crucial Grit Mesh/Sizes

Find out more why the S&L PISTA® Grit Removal System Is #1 In the world. CONTACT US TOLL-FREE for details and/or local representation in Canada.

SMITH & LOVELESS Inc. smlthandloveless.com • 800.898.9122

September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 65


Site Remediation ous phase. If Ivey-sol could desorb and

Table 1 Parameters

Baseline

Hydrocarbons >C10-C21 Hydrocarbons >C21-<C32 Hydrocarbons

Ivey-sol 106

% Reduction

ppm

ppm

8140

1600

80.30%

ppm

5600

1300

76.80%

Volatile Hydrocarbons Benzene

0.25

0.09

64.0%

Toluene

0.63

0.14

77.8%

Ethylbenzene

0.53

0.07

86.8%

2.2

0.3

86.4%

Xylene (Total) 06 - C10(less BTEX)

16

PAH'S

liberate the PAHs, it would in effect increase their bioavailability for microbial and mineralization. The bench scale test involved the

mixing of a 20:1 volume of PAH con taminated soil from which a represen tative baseline sample was collected for PAH analysis. Then a 1 L volume of contaminated soil was washed and

the liquid phase was decanted. A post Ivey-sol wash sample was then collect ed and submitted for analysis(Table 1).

1 -Methylnaphthalene 2-IVIethylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Acenaphthylene

130

5

220

6

97.3%

As the bench scale test results

46

6.1

86.7%

140

6.4

95.4%

Anthracene

190

19

90.0%

Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(ghi)perylene Benzo(k)fluoranthene

100

14

86.0%

74

9

87.8%

54

6.3

88.3%

demonstrate, Ivey-sol was effective at desorbing all 19 PAH compounds. On average, pre to post PAH concentra tions dropped by >90%. The lowest desorption/removal was observed for

21

3.3

84.3%

54

6.3

88.3%

Chrysene

100

13

87.0%

Dibenzo(a,h)anthracene

9.6

1.2

87.5%

Fluoranthene

230

26

88.7%

Fluorene

190

12

93.7%

lndeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene Naphthalene Perylene

35

4.5

87.1%

560

9.7

98.3%

20

1.6

92.0%

Phenanthrene

420

37

91.2%

Pyrene

170

19

88.8%

96.1%

benzo(ghi)perylene of 84.3%, while the highest desorption/removal was observed for 2-methylnaphthalene at 97.3%.

Tony Robson is Director, Mining Plant & Equipment, Quinsam Coal Corp. E-mail: tonyr@oberon.ark.com

Soil washed with Ivey-sol(106 Formulation)

One Team.

Infinite Solutions. ECO CANADA Environmental Careers Organization L'Organisation pour les carrieres en environnement

Business and Career Services for the Environmental Profession Providing professional services in: Water

Featuring the environmental job board

Wostewoter Process

Automation & Information Management

• Recruitment Et retention products for employers

Ecotoxicity Environmental Assessment

Environmental Site Management Natural Sciences & Eleritage Resources

• Peer validated environmental certification

• Professional development

Water Resources Management

Offices throughout North America and the Caribbean

Stantec

Visit us at stantec.com

66 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

www.eco.ca/ese


^ Environmental NewSj

Canadian students compete in the Stockholm Junior Water Prize competition

Patrick Danielson and Robin

Prize in a formal ceremony at Dansens Hus in Stockholm. The award, present ed by Crown Princess Victoria, on

tition is organized by the Canadian

Miron, both of North Bay, Ontario, have recently returned

from the Stockholm Junior

behalf

Association

of

the

Stockholm

Water

Water Prize (SJWP) competition in Stockliolm, Sweden. The two 17-year old students, from Algonquin Secondary School, won the Canadian competition, held last May in

Foundation, is accompanied by a $5000 US scholarship and a crystal sculpture. The prestigious SJWP event recog

Vancouver.

research. The Canadian SJWP compe

Their project, entitled MacroInvertebrate Sampling Technology (MIST), involved the development of a flow-through lake water sampler that can sample in real time, macro-inverte brates such as Mysis relicta and Bythotrephes longimaniis. Patrick explained to the judges that "these zooplankton species are alien to Canadian lakes and are poised to potentially dis rupt aquatic life in northern Ontario lakes". The sampler and accompanying software can be used to produce three-

nizes students for excellence in water

Affairs Council of the WEE The Canadian

Water

and

Wastewater

(CWWA),

Canadian

Member Associations ofWEF and ITT

Flygt Industries provided funding. For more information visit: www.stockholmjiiniorwaterprize.org

The ¥lof%d*% citl\f Non-Contact

Velocity/Aiea Siwer Flowmeter

dimensional charts, either in real time or back in the lab. Rick Corbett, the Chief Judge for the Canadian SJWP competition noted that "the technique that Patrick and Robin have developed will allow scientists to scan the lake

water column very quickly and then decide on what depths and areas to con centrate conventional zooplankton sampling methods."

...is Now the CtiLy Sewer Fiowmeter to Receive the Water Environment Federation's innovative

Technology Award Visit Us at WEFTEC Booth

tf4315 to help us celebrate! In addition to a FREE GIFT, you will get a chance to learn how our award winning "At)ove The Flow" fiowmeter can improve your flow monitoring program and save you mon^l

k Patrick and Robin were awarded an

all-expense paid trip to Stockholm, Sweden for the international competi

MARSH

tion. The students will also be invited to

McBIRNEY

A Higher Level of Flow Meosuremenl

present their project at the Water Environment Federation (WEF)

800.368.2723 ♦ 301.874.5599 • www.marsh-mcbirney.com

Technical Exhibition and Conference, to be held in November in Washington D.C. Student teams from 27 countries

participated in the weeklong competi tion. Pontso Moletsane, Motebele Motshodi and Sechaba Ramabenyane

Canadian Distributors BC & Alberta

Rest of Canada

ACG technology ltd. EST Environmental Technologies

ACG Technology Ltd.

from South Alrica were awarded the

866.502.8332

905.856.1414

prestigious Stockholm Junior Water

vvww.estcanada.com

www.acgtechnolcgy.com

September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 67


Flow Monitoring I

New take on ancient art of monitoring rivers,streams and sewers

For centuries, City engineers

By Gary Fricke advancement of radar and ultrasonic

have been measuring and quantifying flows in rivers,

flow measurement (non invasive), the need to visit the site is drastically

streams and sewers. In the

reduced.

early days it was as easy as tossing an orange peel into the flow and measur ing the time it took to pass from one point to another. Nowadays, as well as monitoring flows, rainfall and sur charge conditions are also required to understand the hydraulic conditions within the sewer collection system. With the introduction of electronic

data recorders and flow meters, water

resource managers can make informed

|M|n I

Information Management Collection system operators can employ Telogers to monitor all remote wastewater system parameters of inter est. Using wireless communications, the remote site data can be forwarded

to the operator's host computer net work on demand, on schedule (e.g.

daily, hourly) or in response to alarm or amplitude exceedance conditions at each site. Typical applications include:

decisions based on accurate field data.

Flow meters - Recorders can monitor

In most cases, AN (Area Velocity) flow meters require routine mainte nance to clean sensors, replace batter ies and download the data. This is gen erally done every two weeks and may

flow meters by accepting the analog output signals produced by the flow meter or by digitally interrogating the flow parameters via the flow meter's data communications port. A battery

power.

require confined space entry equip ment, traffic control and a two to three

powered recorder with a wireless modem can be deployed in a manhole

person crew to complete. With the

or vault with the flow meter, or

Rain gauges - Recorders can directly interface tipping bucket type rain gauges, counting each tip that occurs

Corrosion Control

JWS.

Wireless monitor.

installed in an enclosure above ground

powered by battery, solar or utility

INTERNATIONAL WATER SUPPLY LTD. BARRIE SASKATOON

Products and Services

Groundwater Technology Specialists

Corrosion Engineering

A full range of water supply services from the most experienced groundwater development company in the country.

Cathodic Protection

Tank Coating Applications

• Hydrogeologic & Environmental Services • Groundwater Exploration • Well Design, Construction & Testing • Pump Sales, Rental & Installation • Well/Pump Service & Maintenance ■ Geophysical Logging & Video Inspection

Magnesium & Zinc Anodes Shrink Sleeve & Tape Coatings Thermoweld Equipment

• Water Treatment

Pipe Locating Sales/Repair Water Leak Detection

Water Line Repair Materials Pipeline Integrity Internal Corrosion Monitoring Ultrasonic Testing(Metal Loss)

I.

342 Bayview Drive Box 310, Barrie

317 103rd Street

(Ont.), L4M 4T5

(Sask.) S7N 1Y9

Saskatoon

Tel:(705) 733-0111

Tel:(306) 373-7070

Fax:(705) 721-0138

Fax:(306) 373-1922

E-mail us at: iws@iws.ca

Ontario Office

3-7895 Tranmere Drive

Mississauga, Ontario

IC

CORRPRO CANADA INC

L5S IV9

Tel.(905)677-2700 Fax (905)677-2432 vAvw.corrpro.ca

1-800-567-2432 68 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

Serving the GroundwaterIndustryfor Over 70 Years


Flow Monltonng within user-programmed intervals (e.g. 15 minutes). Because the recorder and communications method consumes

message log or the forwarding of an alphanumeric message to a paging service provider, cell phone or email

The recorder is connected to an anten

na buried in the pavement adjacent to the manhole.

address to alert personnel of a remote site problem. The user can select alarm

very little energy, a recorder and wire less modem can be deployed with rain gauges operating on battery power for

conditions from a menu of choices

extended time periods without mainte

including external power failure, input

nance. Data can be forwarded on

signal hi and low level exceedance, battery low, AC power fail, external event triggers, memory nearly full, tamper switch detection, recorder fault conditions, etc. A remote recorder (RTU) monitors

the cellular carrier infrastructure and the Internet to the host. An Internet

a wastewater flow meter in a manhole.

continued overleaf...

schedule or more frequently during rain events.

CSO/SSO Surcharge Levels - A stan dard data recorder intended to monitor

water levels in manholes and report by alarm whenever levels exceed user defined thresholds. Lift Stations - Wastewater lift and

pump stations can be monitored with a

recorder system providing the operator information on sump level, pump run times and flow through the station. Automatic site alarms include sump level overflow, AC power fail, flow blockage, etc. Water Quality - Recorders can be supplied with water quality sensors

(e.g. pH, ORP,etc.) for waste pre-treatment monitoring applications. The recorder, water quality sensors and

wireless modem can be deployed entirely underground for permanent

The RTU collects data from the

flow meter (typically level, velocity and flow computations) at a userdefined interval (e.g. 15 minutes) then forwards this data to the DMS host

computer. The communications path begins wirelessly between the burial antenna and a local cell tower, then via

//

'Risk

nothing:

'

RON HALLETT. UV PURE:FOUNDER

UV Pure Technologies' Hallett™ water purification systems with Crossfire Technology™ are an evolutionary leap in drinking water and waste water treatment.

applications, or moved from site to site

for temporary testing and surveys.

CROSS-FIRE

Data Management Service Hetek Solutions Inc. provides a Data Management Service (DMS) for customers who prefer to outsource the data collection and data management

m THE MOST EFFECTIVE UV DOSE

Two high-powered lamps with elliptical reflectors inactivate pathogens from 360 degrees. Flow rate capacities up to 4000 m3/day. NSF/ANSI 55 Class A Certified.

functions. This also reduces the cus

tomer's cost and dependence on inter

■ SELF CLEANING; GUARTZWONT FOUL

nal IT personnel and computer resources.

Ha ell

When employing the Hetek DMS, the customer's remote site recorders

will communicate with a host comput er at DMS Center. Data can be collect

Automatic quartz cleaning system. No quartz cleaning or system drainage required so no risk of quartz breakage. No water softening required - system can treat water with a hardness exceeding 50 grains (855 mg/l) WITHOUT fouling. ■ SMART CONTROLAND ALARM SYSTEMS ON BOARD

ed and deposited into a client specific SQL database. This data may then be served up on a customer designed web page in reports defined by the cus

Two smart UV sensors, mounted in air, constantly monitor lamp performance and water quality. Computerized alarms ensure that only safe water can NSP/ANSI 55 CLASS A CERTIFIED

enter the water management system. Systems include a 4-20 mA display for onboard or remote monitoring.

tomer.

The customer may also have access to their DMS database by using an Enterprise Client at their facility and logging onto the DMS server over the Internet using a Virtual Private Network (VPN). This permits the cus tomer's system administrator or data analyst to edit data, add sites and measurements and modify systemoperating parameters from their office. Hetek DMS also will receive and

process alarm calls. This could be the simple logging of an alarm call in a

■ VIRTUALLY MAINTENANCE FREE

We're looking for

Lamps are mounted in air. Replacement is easy no need to drain the system.

representatives in other areas. Contact us. email:

info@uvpure.com call:

Representatives:'John Meuniet. Ontario and Quebec 'Cyclops Process Equipment, New York State 'Associate Measurement

Company, Northeastern US 'Marketing Affiliates, Ohio; 'Technical Design and Marketing, Pennsylvania

Pure, safe water.

PURE

1.888.407.9997 www.uvpure.com

Always: September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 69


Flow Monitoring Protocol (IP) address within each data packet instructs the network routers where to send each packet. Administrative

controls

on

the

Enterprise Server limit access to data to those web site visitors that log on with the appropriate user name and pass word. DMS customers may provide access rights to their clients to permit them access to information from spe cific sites, for example a single custody transfer flow meter.

Telogers Enterprise adds three high-performance data management

elements to Telogers for Windows: a flow analysis module, a fully relation al database and a web module for dis

playing data on an intranet or the Internet.

Enterprise stores all data from

data to networked users operating com mon web browsers (e.g. Microsoft Internet Explorer) as web pages. This could include any computers connected to the user's intranet, or if desired the Internet.

remote sites into a relational database

Website Data Access

on the server, including all recorder configurations, event logs, site parame ters, etc. Any networked computer ninning the Enterprise Client software (with appropriate permissions) may

Telogers Enterprise provides a web module that permits sharing a wide range of information to authorized

then access the data stored in the data

base. Additionally, Enterprise can serve

users, via a corporate intranet or the Internet using web browsers: Currently, data provided by the Enterprise web module is read only; the user has no access to modify the database or any operational system configurations. A client access control utility is included with Enterprise that permits the system administrator to control data content to authorized par ties by user name and password. This would permit, for example, utility cus tomers to gain access to final flow data from flow meters servicing only their communities, while the utilities man

agement and consulting engineer might have permission to view all measure

ECO CANADA CONFERENCE 2006

ments from all sites. Common Data Platform

A key benefit of the Telogers sys tem is that data from all collection sys

OPPORTUNITIES â&#x20AC;˘ STRATEGIES â&#x20AC;˘ GROWTH

Learn Effective Recruitment and Retention Strategies

Who Will Attend?

Why Attend?

tem monitored sites reside on a com

mon data platform. This adds efficien cy and economy to the tasks of com paring and reporting the relationships of flow, levels, pump activity, water quality and surcharge events in response to normal operation, rainfall events, system blockages, maintenance activities, etc.

Corporate executives

identify environmental business opportunities

HR Managers Gain strategies to access the work Practitioners Purchasers of enviro services

Learn HR best practices for the environmental profession

Immediate accessibility to histori cal and real-time data from all key sys

tem monitored parameters during wetweather events allows operators to make informed decisions on how best

to respond to system surcharges and overflows. Time correlated data of the

ECO Canada Conference 2006

consequences of rainfall on system flows, levels, pumps and water quality provide management the information tools to better plan system expansions

Toronto, Ontario January 26-27, 2006 (Workshops January 25) Doubletree International Hotel (Airport)

and emergency preparedness. Information sharing with associ ates, consultants, and clients, through out the utility organization is enhanced

www.eco.ca/2006

mon format correlated with all param

when all data is presented in a com eters of interest. Hetek Solutions Inc. is the

Canadian distributorfor Teiog Data Recorders. Contact Gary Fricke at

gary.fricke@iietek.com 70 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005


Oceanography

Greenhouse gases causing ocean to turn more acidic - UK Royal Society

Increasing emissions of carbon

dioxide into the atmosphere are making the global ocean more acidic, with potentially catastroph ic and irreversible consequences for marine life, according to a new report from Britain's prestigious Royal Society. Over the past 200 years, oceans have absorbed approximately fifty per cent ofthe carbon dioxide that has been

emitted into the atmosphere as a result of the burning of fossil fuels. When CO2 enters the ocean, it forms a weak acid, carbonic acid; calculations by the Royal Society indicate that this uptake has led to a reduction in the pH of the ocean by 0.1 points. If global emissions of CO2 from human activities continue to rise on

current trends, says the report, then the average pH of the oceans could fall by 0.5 imits by the year 2100. This pH is probably lower than has been experi enced for hundreds of millennia and, critically, this rate of change is proba bly one hundred times greater than at any time over this period. Furthermore, the report notes, ocean acidification is essentially irreversible during our life times. It will take tens of thousands of

years for ocean chemistry to return to a condition similar to that occurring at pre-industrial times (about 200 years ago). Although predicting and quantifying the magnitude and impact of such

BRAMPTON

changes is difficult, the Royal Society is able to make some predictions with a reasonable degree of certainty. In particular, it notes that there is convinc

ing evidence to suggest that acidification will affect the

process of calcification, by which

animals such

as

corals and mollusks make

shells and plates from cal cium carbonate.

The tropical and sub tropical corals are expect ed to be among the worst affected, with implications for the stability and longevity of the reefs that they build and the organisms that depend on them. Cold-water coral reefs are also likely to be adversely affected, before they have been fully explored. Other calcifying organisms that may be affected are components of the phytoplankton and the zooplankton, and are a major food source for fish and other animals. Regional variations in pH will mean that by 2100 the process of calcification may have become extremely difficult for these groups of organisms, particularly in the Southern

and may anyway cause additional harm to marine environments.

Reducing CO2 emissions to the atmosphere appears to be the only prac tical way to minimize the risk of largescale and long-term changes to the oceans. Action needs to be taken now

to reduce global emissions of CO2 to the atmosphere to avoid the risk of irre versible damage to the oceans.

Ocean.

There is little evidence that mitiga tion techniques such as adding chemi

Source: Royal Society. 2005. Ocean acidification due to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide. The Royal Society, London www.royalsoc.ac.uk

cals is the answer. Such efforts are like

ly to be effective only on local levels.

PICKERING

tel 905 459 4780

KITCHENER

WINDSOR

905 459 7869

COBALT

www.kmk.ca

KMK Consultants Limited

WATER AND WASTEWATER ENGINEERING

KMK

MUNICIPAL ENGINEERING INFRASTRUCTURE

MANAGEMENT

LAND DEVELOPMENT "Urban and rural residential

developments

" Master planning " Water transmission and distribution

- Utility management

" Water storage and pumping

- Asset management - Financial management " Infrastructure planning

" Combined sewer overflow

- Wastewater collection and

pumping stations

"Commercial and industrial

" Information systems integration

developments " Resort developments

" System modeling and analysis

" Watermain and sewer rehabilitation

" System audits and condition

" Storm drainage

*â&#x2013; Adult lifestyle developments

assessments

management

~ Roads and tunnels

"Class environmental assessments

" Process optimization and modeling " Plant condition assessments and

facility plans

"Treatment technology evaluation and selection

r Treatment plant design and construction fnanagement

~ Biosotids and residue management " Operations and maintenance consulting - Regulatory compliance and operations planning

September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 71


Operations

Eliminating harmonics improves productivity and reliability at wastewater treatment plant

Power electronic loads such as drives, ozone generators and UV filtration equipment have

become abundant in the water and wastewater treatment industries

due to their many benefits. But they have one major drawback in common; they might produce a problematic con dition

known

as

harmonics. The

Corvallis, Oregon Water Reclamation Facility fell victim to harmonics, but found a solution in a power correction system from Schneider Electric. The term harmonics is used to

describe a component of a periodic voltage or current waveform having a frequency that is an integral multiple of the fundamental power line frequen cy, 60Hz in the U.S. This irregular

nearby waterways. Besides cleanup costs, which can

sequence relays in the LV switchgear,

run into the millions, in the US,

ing of the influent control gates. The plant reverted to manual con trol but the faults - although less fre quent - continued. Operators then noted that these problems seemed to

Environmental Protection Agency imposed fines are extremely harsh for sewage spills, and the impact of such a spill on the health of local wildlife and people can be substantial. Warning symptoms of problematic harmonic levels include overheating motors, drives and cables, thermal trip ping of protective devices and logic faults of digital devices (CNC, PLC, computers) and generator faulting, all of which can result in process down time.

This 'non-linear' current draw results

These warning symptoms began at the Corvallis facility after a major upgrade that included four new influ ent pumps, new distribution equipment and a SCADA system to provide over all control, data collection and plant performance documentation. Variable frequency drives (VFD) were chosen

in a distorted waveform.

as the most efficient means for con

waveform results because the wave

form required by power electronic loads is quite different than the sinu soidal voltage delivered by the utility.

High levels of harmonic distortion

trolling the two new pumps.

can stress the electrical network within

After completion of the equipment

a water treatment facility and on the servicing utility, causing problems for sensitive electronic equipment. The impact on a facility can be very costly, especially when processes are disrupt ed or shut down,reducing productivity, increasing repair and maintenance costs, and possibly spilling partially

installation, commissioning pro gressed smoothly until the last of the new equipment, the SCADA system, was brought on line. The facility man agers were immediately plagued with considerable downtime due to logic faults in the SCADA system, nuisance tripping of ground fault circuit break ers, frequent activation of zero

treated or untreated wastewater into

and random and autonomous switch

increase when two or more drives were

operating on a common MCC bus at one time.

1) Ground fault trips occurred when the speed of the pumps was changed. 2) Ground fault breakers tripped when the VFD was started or stopped. 3) Influent pump gates switched when the speed was changed. 4)Negative sequence relays activat ed when the speed was changed. Facility managers hired an inde

pendent test service to analyze the problems. They measured harmonic voltage and current distortion, current and voltage transients during accelera tion and deceleration of the pumps, control signals, zero sequence current during speed changes, and neutral to ground voltage in the breakers. The harmonic voltage and current distor tion were measured at varying carrier frequencies to determine if such changes affected the harmonic condi tions. The tests indicated that:

1) There was no measurable differ ence in the line harmonics when the

carrier frequency was changed from

If we don't measure it, how do you manage it? Providing a full range of flow monitoring and flow meter calibration services for municipal water, wastewater, and industrial applications.

Âť>Flowmetrix Technical Services Inc.

Flow Meter Calibration Services

Temporary Flow Measurement Studies Flow Meter Supply & Installation Services WESTERN ONTARIO

service@flowmetrix.ca

416-779-1531

www.flowmetrix.ca

72 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

EASTERN ONTARIO 613-398-0296


Operations 4.5 kHz to 1.5 kHz.

2) The total harmonic current dis tortion [THD (I)] level measured at 89% output speed (approximately 95% load) of one VFD was 38.8% with the 5th order and 7th order having the highest amplitude. Note that each VFD had 3% impedance line reactors. 3) The total harmonic voltage dis tortion [THD (V)] measured 3.8%. 4) A high frequency noise, very

separate from the control wiring. Second, a review of the harmonics

test data for the facility revealed that THD(V)exceeded 5% when two VFD were operating on one bus, and the TDD (total demand distortion) exceed ed IEEE 519-1992 recommended lim

active filters are often the best choice

its of 20% for this installation.

for harmonic filtering when compared to such alternatives as passive filters or 18 pulse drives. With active filters, an engineer can review a group of loads easily and accurately in the design stage without having to perform any expensive harmonic studies. Standards compliance can be guaranteed and the potentially costly problems are avoid

A THD (V) that exceeds 5% can affect many different types of equip ment - often, electronic equipment -

close to that of the VFD carrier fre

in an electrical network. The fact that

quency, appeared on the 4-20 mA DC gate signal when the VFD was acceler ated, decelerated, started or stopped. These noise impulses caused the gate to adjust position. 5) The zero sequence (neutral) cur rent and voltage (208/120Y V) were sensitive to changes in the carrier fre quency. As the carrier frequency increased from 1.5kHz to 4.5kHz, the zero sequence current increased from 2niA to 400 mA.This corresponded to

the SCADA tripped occasionally sug gested that high THD (V) was

a dramatic increase in the incidence of

breaker trips. 6) Notably, a high frequency, con sistently seven times that of the carrier frequency, existed in the zero sequence current waveform.

After several remedies were sug gested and implemented, the problems occurred less frequently but were not entirely eliminated. Fifteen months passed before a local electrical distributor working with the Corvallis facility contacted the power quality specialists at Schneider Electric's plant in Salem, Oregon.

should be considered during the design of a power electronic system. Proper installation techniques and harmonic mitigation equipment can eliminate problems before they occur. From an economic and performance standpoint,

involved. To reduce the levels of TDD within

the guidelines of IEEE 519-1992 and THD(V)to less than 5%,the team rec

ed.

ommended an AccuSine PCS active

monics can disrupt water and wastewater treatment processes, driving up costs. This troubling power issue should be considered during the design stage of a project. Research your many options in harmonic mitigation equip

harmonic filter rated at 50 amperes. After

the

AccuSine

unit

was

installed and the power cables rerouted through grounded metal conduit, the performance and reliability of the plant electrical system were greatly improved. The TDD was measured in the 5-7% range for one VFD and 1821% range for two VFD. The THD(V) was less than 5% for all circumstances.

The damaging effects of harmonics

The Corvallis case shows how har

ment to find the most cost effective

and reliable solution for your facility. For more information please contact Eric Truesdale at

etruesdale@bader-rutter.com

Westfaiia Separator Not Just Better Technology, But Technology That Pays

s

for itself

Several members of the AccuSine Active Harmonic filter team met with

An unmatched commitment to R&D has

representatives of the facility, toured the plant and reviewed test data. The team noted several likely con tributors to the problems. First, cables

resulted in sludge thickening and dewatering centrifuge technology that virtually pays for itself. Because of our improved performance, many municipalities have

of VFD are broadcast antennae for

high frequency noise that can radiate to other cables in the same vicinity. All cables act like receiving antennae for this high frequency noise and low volt age control wiring is highly suscepti ble. As a result, the low voltage signals are easily corrupted. To protect control wiring from this noise, it should never be installed running parallel to VFD power cabling even if each set of cables is in a separate metal conduit. In fact, the only time that VFD power cables should come close to control

cables is when they cross at 90 degrees. Because of this, the team rec ommended that the power cables be installed in grounded metal conduit

reaped the benefit of superior technolo gies available exclusively from Westfaiia Separator.

• Vari-Pond® for superior process flexibility • High torque 2-Gear Drive® for optimum control

• Positive scroll drive for minimun energy consumption

• Deep pond for maximum clarification

Westfaiia Separator

MmmM V Canada, inc. Leading Technologies. Individual Solutions 5353 John Lucas Drive ♦ Burlington • ON L7L 6G5 Tel: (90S) 319-3900 • Fax:(905) 319-3903

• Slotted feed zone for optimal polymer utilization

Our clients know they can count on Westfaiia for reliable, uninterrupted performance and

www.wsus.com E-mail; aea-canada@wsus.com

immediate assistance when required.

A company of mg technologies group

To find out more call Frank Scriver now at 905-259-4801.

September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 73


Environmental NewsjRecent industry report positive about public-private partnerships

sible ranking. No respondents rate overall satisfaction as anything less than "satisfied."

The Water Partnership Council recent ly released its first industry report on public-private partnerships. Based on interviews with 31 community leaders currently engaged in public-private partnerships, An Evaluation ofPublicPrivate Partnerships for Water and Wastewater Systems says satisfaction with partnerships is high, employees are satisfied, and impacts on the envirorunent, customers and the communi ty are positive. "The Water Partnership Council has compiled the first statistical data about the impacts of public-private partner ships, and it comes straight from the

people who know best: public officials who have partnerships in their commu nities today," says Water Partnership Council President Leonard F. Graziano.

Key findings in this first-of-its-kind report include: • 50 percent of respondents rate overall satisfaction with the partnership as "extremely satisfied," the highest pos

SEWAGE, SLUDGE,

• 74 percent rate regulatory compli ance as better under the partnership than prior to the partnership. • 92 percent of respondents that pro jected cost savings achieved those sav ings; the other 8 percent indicate it is too early in the partnership to tell. • 93 percent of respondents note that involuntary employee turnover declined or remained the same.

• 93 percent of respondents say that employees have more training and pro fessional growth opportunities than they did prior to the partnership. • 64 percent of respondents report a decrease in employee grievances under the partnership; none report an

Refinery company fined for non-compliance with organic chemical regulation Imperial Oil Limited was fined $135,000 after pleading guilty to three counts under The Organic Chemical Sector Regulation 63/95 pursuant to the

Environmental

Protection

Act

(EPA).

The company owns and operates a petroleum refinery along the east shore of the St. Glair River in Samia, Ontario. The refinery must comply

with conditions under Regulation 63/95 that set out a daily loading limit of 117 kilograms per day and a month ly average loading limit of 40 kilo grams.

increase.

These legislated requirements must be met and reports must be made to the

• 93 percent of respondents note that private partners proactively participate in community activities above and beyond what's required in their con

District Office when exceedances

tracts.

For

more

information

visit

www.waterpartnership.org.

Ministry of the Environment's Samia occur.

The court heard that, on February 25 and March 4, 2004, Imperial Oil failed to ensure that the daily process

effluent plant loading calculated for

^www.neovalves.com^ Fifty years in this business have taught us that valves are criticai to the reliabiiity of your project and the

n #<

'ong term cost-effectiveness of your piant. Valves are not a component you want to

1^—11

cut corners on and risk compromising

RF RFAljY your professional reputation.

FOR YOUR BUSINESS Offering a complete line of valves for water and wastewater

It's not a risk we're prepared to take either; with your reputation, or ours! When you say specify I\1E0, you can be certain you are specifying quality vaives without compromise. Regardiess of the application, cail us for immediate, expert attention to your vaive requirements; support you shouid expect ...and definitely deserve. We're ready for your business.

im-soiysEB® BuaranteeilSiteRemeiliation

applications

NEOVALVES Phone:

905-624-9090

Toll Free:888-515-8885 Fax:

905-624-8020

E-mail: valves@neovalves.com Website: www.neovalves.com

1-800-248-2744 74 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005


^ Environmental Newsj dissolved organic carbon did not exceed the daily plant loading limit

ACTUATORS

specified in the regulation. Once dis covered, the company failed to orally report these findings to the Director as soon as reasonably possible. As a

• Electric

result of further investigation by the ministry's Investigations and Enforcement Branch, the company

• Pneumatic

was charged. It was confirmed that

• Manual Gears

• Hydraulic

there was no evidence of any adverse

• Complete Valve Automation

effect on the St. Clair River as a result of these exceedances.

1-888-835-3045

John Meunier to supply clarifiers and filters to

BC water plant The District of Summerland, in British Columbia has selected John Meunier

to supply water treatment equipment for the future Trout Creek Water Treatment Plant. The contract is valued

at $2.8 million (Cdn). John Meunier will design and supply two ACTIFLO® clarifiers and six filters, for a total capacity of 72 million litres per day. Site preparation has begun and the new water treatment plant is scheduled for start-up in late 2006. Urban Systems of

TROY-ONTOR J Inc.

Fax:1-888-835-2847

E-mail: troy-ontor@troy-ontor.ca

100 tonnes per year. Also, by generat ing their own electricity, the company will be freeing up enough grid-sup plied electricity to power approximate Hybridyne Power Systems Canada Inc. specializes in the turn-key design and installation of hybrid (wind, solar and other dynamic source) renewable energy systems. For further informa

Hach aids rural

water associations

Western Canada include the Greater

In response to the Katrina disaster, Hach

Vancouver Water District (Seymour-

Company, a subsidiary of Danaher Corporation, is donating money, techni cal training and water analytical equip

Red Deer Water Treatment Plant and

www.johnmeunier.com

in the process of collecting funds to

tion visit, www.hybridynepower.ca

The project will be John Meunier's largest project in British Columbia. Other recent ACTIFLO projects in

the City of Calgary (Bearspaw and Glenmore Water Treatment Plants). For more information please visit

Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama. The company believes these rural water professionals will be able to use this aid to help the largest number of people get access to safe drinking water and adequate sewage treatment in the shortest time possible. In addition, both Danaher Corporation and the Associates of Hach Company are

ly 50 homes.

Kelowna will act as Project Manager.

Capilano Filtration Plant), the City of

auma

ment to the Rural Water Associations of

donate to the American Red Cross. Hach

is also making their Analytical Waste Water Trailers available to water profes sionals in the impacted areas to assist with the clean-up efforts. Finally, Hach Company is donating equipment to Miox Corporation for use on a self-contained,

portable drinking water plant which will provide 24,000 gallons of clean and safe drinking water a day, to those in need.

Sewer anywhere and save. With ^/One Sewer Systems, you can develop parcels where gravity sewers are too expensive — or simply impossible to put in.

Aurora Cable Internet orders

new hybrid renewable energy system Aurora Cable Internet(ACI)located in

No massive trenches. The ^/One low pressure system uses a small main

Aurora,

in a shallow trench that follows the

Ontario,

has

contracted

Hybridyne Power Systems Canada Inc. to supply and build a new hybrid renewable energy system. Scheduled to be fully operational by the end of 2005, this installation will initially capture energy from the wind with three high-efficiency wind turbines. Future expansion is possible by com bining solar power with the wind tur bines.

ACI will be reducing their "Greenhouse Gas" emissions by about

contour of the land.

EE SEWER SYSTEMS

Flat, wet, reeky, hilly ■ E/Dne Sewer Systems can make tough sites buildahle -- and, cut yuur sewering costs up to 5D% Ruid Handling SolLrtions"

I SPRAYING PUMPING FILTERING All from one

www.fluidhandlingsolutions.com

You can sewer virtually anywhere. Including the site where old septic systems may be dying and polluting. And,^One Systems are totally reliable — no preventive maintenance, all but invisible. Let Us Prove It!

Send us the topo map for your next tough project. We'll show you how we can make it viable — and save you up to 50%. Call 1-877-624-5757 today.

September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 75


P PEPAC software

Reducing hydrogen sulfide from gas and air streams

Easy upgrade for nitrogen removal in waste

Eliminate hydro gen sulfide from biogas and air streams using our SULFA-BIND™

adsorption process. 99.98% removal on con

centrations up to Widely used interactive software for selecting the right material for buried infrastructure systems. Determine the real cost of materials you specify over the design life of the project through three independent programs. Tel: 972-

<u

506-7216, Fax: 972-506-7682,

E-mail: idiunter@concrete-pipe.org. Web: www.concrete-pipe.org. American Concrete Pipe Association

"13 •I

i u

3, "U o

j (U u

media. Tel: 506-

451-7407, Fax: 506-459-3954, E-mail: elw@adi.ca. Web: www.adi.ca.

Web: www.anoxkaldnes.com. AnoxKaldnes Inc.

ADI International

Rotary lobe pumps

Bridge-Plate® corrugated

Corrugated steel pipe

steel solution

For almost 100 years, Armtec has been providing the construction industry with Corrugated Steel Pipe (CSP) prod ucts, deliver ing low cost engineered

• • • •

Rotary Lobe Pump know how Application experience Reliability Comprehensive range

• Customer focus

• Right first time. Every time

Tel: 514-633-0999, 1-800-633-0999, Fax: 514-633-9374,

E-mail:jmarotta@aquateck-e.com. Web: www.aquateck.com Aquateck

CO

ppm.

Capacity of 0.5 grams of sulfur per gram of

SSP Pumps offers a broad range of rotaiy lobe pumps, and a range of disc pumps. Tlie range of high-quality pumps is channelled exclusively through a selected worldwide distribution network, and directly from the company's production facility located in Eastbourne, England. Benefits to customers:

• Global excellence

U)

J 30,000

Chemical tank cleaning

Armtec's deep-comtgated structural steel plate (Bridge-Plate) can provide one of the most cost-effective and rapid solutions to short-span bridging needs. BridgePlate was developed with the benefit of 70 years' experience in providing soilsteel bridging solutions.Tel: 519-8220210, Fax: 519-822-1160, E-mail: sales@armtec.com.

■u c ro u

3

13 O

numbers. Eleavy deposits lead to increased corrosion and reduce the life

time of surface coatings. NSF approved

Floran products have been developed for convenient and efficient one step chemical cleaning of water tank and fil ter surfaces. Tel: 800-387-7503, Web: www.cleartech.ca. ClearTech Industries

76 Emiwnmental Science

stonn water detention systems, culverts, bridges and other construction projects. Tel: 519-822-0210, Fax: 519-822-1160, E-mail: sales@armtec.com. Armtec

Armtec

Water priming systems CompreVac, one of the largest suppliers of process Vacuum Systems and Water

priming systems using Rietschle

Tank surfaces in contact with water will

cause a decline in chlorine residual, increased DBPs, and increased HPC

throughout Canada. CSP is an economi cal and durable choice for storm sewers,

Web: www.armtec.com

in Canada, have designed water

accumulate organic and inorganic deposits over time. These deposits can

solutions to customers

Web: www.armtec.com

Aeration Blowers

Q)

AnoxKaldnes, Inc's FIYBAS^" treatment

process is a type of Integrated Fixed-Fihn Activated Sludge LFAS process. This sys tem is especially suitable for nitrogen re moval in existing activated sludge sys tems. It can upgrade systems using exist ing tankage on site to meet new effluent ammonia or even total nitrogen limits. HYBAS increases aerobic sludge age without increasing the solids loading rate to the secondary clarifier. Tel: 401-270-3898, Fax: 401-270-3908, E-mail: usa@anoxkaldnes.com

vacuum

pumps

that do not require a liquid seal system, unlike conventional liquid ring pumps. Maintenance costs and energy requfrements are lower. These systems reach a much deeper vacuum and do not require any seal ing fluids. Water can be primed very quick ly from a maximum depth of 33 feet.

Comstock An EMCOR Company

Comstock Canada Ltd. has been providing general contractor, multi-trade and design/build construc tion services to the Canadian water and wastewater sectors for almost 100

years. Located in most major centres across Canada, Comstock will provide the solution to your needs. Tel: 905335-3333, Fax: 905-335-0304, E-mail: info@comstockcanada.com. Web: www.

Tel: 1-888-603-6172

comstockcanada.com.

E-mail: jonathan@comprevac.com. Web: www.comprevac.com CompreVac

Comstock Canada Ltd.

Engineering, September 2005


Showcase ecoSep below grade oil/water separators

Engineering guide available

Water systems and services

The CON/SPAN Engineering Guide is a valuable tool with all the necessary information to consider the CON/SPAN

System for many different design appli

CORRPRO

cations. Filled with

CANADA

numerous figures and

Cost-effective and safe, this highly efficient below grade oil/water separa tor provides maximum protection against oil spill contamination. The spill stays on site, where it belongs. Check

out

all

the

benefits

of

ecoSep...the clear choice for clean water. Tel: 800-668-7473, Fax: 519763-1982, E-mail: sales@concastpipe. com. Web: www.concastpipe.com. Con Cast Pipe

charts,

the

Engineering Guide provides a refer ence of design parameters, stan

enginoeiing guide

dard detail illustra

tions, and limited

design methodolo gies. Available in binder or CD Rom format. Tel: 800-668-7473, Fax: 519-

763-1982, E-mail: sales@ concastpipe. com. Web: www.concastpipe.com.

order

Corrpro provides complete turnkey systems and maintenance services for the cathodic protection of water stor age tanks, treatment clarifiers, distri bution and transmission piping in compliance with AWWA and NACE Standards. Tel: 905-677-2700 Fax: 905-677-2432

E-mail: Ontario@corrpro.ca Web: www.corrpro.ca. Corrpro Canada

CON/SPAN Canada

Design of underground detention systems for stormwater management In

INC

rcoggjw

Drive solutions for w/ater and wastewater to

institut pour

les tuyaux de tdle ondul^

manage the quality of storm water runoff it is essential to

Plusieurs publications techniques et

control

the

des etudes de cas sont maintenant

quantity. This

disponibles sur notre site Internet. On

CD includes a

vous invite a nous visitor! Tel: 866-

descriptive video outlining the economic and envi ronmental advantages of underground detention systems. Comprehensive design software takes the designer from preliminary site hydrology to detailed system layout. Tel: 866-295-

295-2416, Telecopieur: 519-650-8081, Couriel: info@cspi.ca. Site Internet: www. cspi.ca.

2416, Fax: 519-650-8081, E-mail:

Institut pour les tuyaux de tole

info@cspi.ca, Web: www.cspi.ca. Corrugated Steel Pipe Institute

ondulee

Solid dual rod sensors Gems

MIR-800

of the tank contents and output a 420mA signal proportional to liquid level. Tel: 905-829-2000, Fax: 905829-2630, E-mail: info@daviscontrols.

VLT* drives ensure reduced energy consumption, improved throughput and a reduction in chemical usage. For

829-2630, E-mail: info@daviscontrols. com. Web: www.daviscontrols.com. Davis Controls Limited

Prevent asphalt cracking If you were planning to rout and seal your

wave guides to reach within 1" of a tank bottom; espe cially beneficial when con trolling expensive fluids, where undetected inventory beneath common sensors represents costly

to measure the distance to the surface

efits. For wastewater treatment the

costs. Tel: 905-829-2000, Fax: 905-

Sensors feature solid state

they may be trimmed to required length during installation. Detector* sensors use Micropower Impulse Radar(MIR), or Time Domain Reflectometry(TDR),

For more than 30 years Danfoss has demonstrated leadership in water man agement with a host of measurable ben

water supply systems, the drives reduce water leakages, bursts and maintenance

Series

waste. Available with rods of24" to 72"

MIL

asphalt joints after they fail, think about the added

costs of

repairing what you've , already done. Denso

.rf re-instatement tape is a polymer modified bituminous strip that is cold applied and designed to seal the joints between asphalt, concrete and steel, the first time. Re-instatement tape seals around catch basins, manholes, utility cuts and next to concrete curbs prior to paving. Do it right the first time

Odor control systems Duall offers a wide selection of cost-

effective, corrosion-resistant FRF dual laminate and thermoplastic scrubbers, fans and ventilation products for odor control applications including the new AroBIOSâ&#x201E;˘ Bioscrubbers incorporat ing international award-winning bio logical odor control technology with out the need for costly chemicals, Tel: 989-725-8184; Fax: 989-725-8188; E-

mail: info@dualldiv.com. Web: www.dualldiv.com

with Denso Road Products. Tel: 416-

291-3435, Fax: 416-291-0898, E-mail:

blair@densona.com. Web: www.densona.

com. Web: www.daviscontrols.com.

com

Davis Controls Limited

Denso North America

Duall Division, Met-Pro Corp.

September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 77


;e Showcase New optical oxygen sensor for the wastewater Industry

The original

E-Z Out Lift Out Coupling Our Patented lift out slide rail system is designed for most vertical discharge type submersible pumps under 5 H.P.,

Endress+Hauser

Hi

with 1-1/4", 2" and 3" NPT

discharge nozzles or 2-1/2" or 3" horizontal discharge. Our popular lift out check valve option is now available for 3" discharge pumps. Designed to provide easy service access for most submersible sewage, sump and grinder pumps from wet pit applica tions. The system can prevent the need or risk of a confined space entry to service pumps. Pumps are removed from above sump for inspection and

OT

completes its i product portfolio

_

for

ECO CANADA Environmental Careers Organization L'Organisation pour ies carrieres en environnement

ECO Canada Conference 2005:

Opportunities, Strategies, Growth November,2005 Toronto, Ontario The ECO Canada Conference 2005 is a new national conference that will iden

tify emerging areas of business within the environmental sector and demon

strate the importance of a skilled envi

water

and

wastewater applications with the

— optical oxygen sensor Oxymax W C0S61, the fluorescent

method for oxygen measurement. Sensor predictive maintenance warns when mainte nance is required and can be calibrated direct ly in the medium. With no electrolyte to han

dle, no polarization time, no poisoning by HjS,the measuring point is easy and mainte

ronmental workforce. Tel: 403-233-

nance free. Tel: 800-668-3199, Fax: 905-681-

service. Tel: 604-942-7994, Fax: 604942-7954, E-mail: e-zout@telus.net.

0748, Fax: 403-269-9544, E-mail: info@eco.ca, Web: www.eco.ca.

9444, E-mail: info@ca.endress.com, Web:

E-Z Out Manufacturing Inc.

ECO Canada

Endress+Hauser Canada

www.ca.endiess.com

:3Sfera.:

Pumping systems

Leak detection studies

Myers optimizes system efficiencies

ISiBI

Flowmetrix field

representatives

JetMix

Vortex Mixing System can be

with complete engi

undertake various

used

neering services, providing cost-effec

approaches toward the development of proper leak

solids storage

tive

solutions

and

immediate cost sav

detection

ings when planning a pump station. Myers collection system design service provides a comprehensive analysis and design of the complete network, ensur ing the system operates at peak effi ciencies under various running condi tions. Software programs provide the engineering tools to properly design the ideal station, including the number of pumps, type of control and lift system.

gies. Working to gether with 'key' personnel to

Tel: 604-552-7900, Fax: 604-552-7901, E-mail: epsl@telus.net. EE Myers

utilities

water

strate

understand the network enables

Flowmetrix to deliver today's best man agement practices reducing your nonrevenue water in the most cost-effec

where

in

biosolids

suspension is important. Benefits of using the JetMix system include: Intermittent operation saves 60-90% in power consumption; expensive tank cleanout and scheduled maintenance not required; easily installed in existing tanks; multiple tank mixing using a central pump house. JetMix was a recipient of a 1997 Innovative Technology Award from the

tive manner. Tel: Western office 416-

Water Environment Federation. Tel:

779-1531, Eastern office 613-398-

519-469-8169, Fax: 519-469-8157, Email: sales@greatarioengsys.com. Web: www.greatario.com.

0296, E-mail: service@flowmetrix.ca. Web: www.flowmetrix.ca Flowmetrix Technical Services

Greatario Engineered Storage Systems

-/sWITitS

Hach increases lab efficiency Hach Compa ny's new DR 5000 Spectrophotometer and TNT

Plus™

barcoded

reagents for streamlined laboratory analysis provide automatic method de tection and reagent blanking that are said to increase productivity and reduce er rors. Coupled with the new Hach TNT Plus reagent vials, the DR 5000 Spectrophotometer automatically recognizes the text method, determines the reagent blank and yields 10-fold measurement and averaging. Tel: 970-663-1377, Fax: 970-962-6710, E-mail: sstephens@ hach.com, Web: www.hach.com.

Hach Company

Wind monitoring station Designed for a broad range of wind monitor ing applications, from wind power site evalua tion to crop spray deci sions and

documenta

tion, the HOBO® Wind Monitoring Station accepts up to four wind

speed and direction sen sors, making it ideal for wind profiling at multi ple heights, and reports average wind speeds, wind gusts, and wind

Inland Aquatics is involved with both aquatic weed harvesting and dredging operations. Dredging works are available for storm pond maintenance, river, lake, marina works and those jobs that start on

direction. Other features

land and move into the water.

include plug-and-play operation, bat tery-powered operation and wireless

Tel: 905-852-0204,

data retrieval. Web: www.hoskin.ca. Hoskin Scientific Ltd.

78 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

E-mail: inland.aquatics@gmail.com, www.inlandaquatics.ca Inland Aquatics


^i

ll CllHff"

Pressure pipe system

Slim line submersible pumps

Eliminate sewer odour The Vortex Flow Insert eliminates

ITT Flygt has released a

sewer odour and controls corrosion

further

line

C

using a high-tech, low-maintenance design that has no moving parts. The

pumps, for use in active dewatering. The new

n

device

only

not

elimi

nates the need

for high-main TerraBrute™' is the first AWWA C900

tenance

PVC pressure pipe system specifically

filters,

engineered for Horizontal Directional Drilling (HDD) and other trenchless applications. Now you can standardize on PVC throughout your potable water and sewer infrastructure, whether you're using open-cut or trenchless methods. Tel: 905-403-0264, Fax: 905-

scrubbers and

bio-

air

two

slim

60Hz models, which can

handle up to 55 1/s and pump up to heads of 70 metres, can operate in pipes ranging between 300 and 500 mm in diam

eter, with 3" and 4" hoses. They are

manhole seals

made from cast aluminum and have an

outer casing of stainless steel. The multi-vane impellers are made from hardened high-chrome cast iron (HRC 60) in order to withstand tough and abrasive operating conditions. Tel: 514-

403-1124, E-mail: marketing@ipexinc. com, Web: www.ipexinc.com.

but also costly chemical injection systems. Appli cations include drop manholes or pumping stations with odorous dis charges. Tel: 905-403-0264, Fax: 905403-1124, E-mail: marketing(S)ipexinc. com. Web: www.ipexinc.com.

IPEX

IPEX

New 5100 and 5150

Surfactant Enhanced

slurry pumps

Bloremediation (SEB®)

ITT Flygt has launched its next gen eration of slurry pumps. They are designed specifically

695-0100, Fax: 514-695-6605, Web:

www.ittflygt.ca. ITT Flygt

n

fD

JWC offers wide range of pump station grinders The latest version of the

Ex-situ bioremediation

to handle the most

abrasive slurries, in a wide spectrum of tough industrial envi ronments. The pumps

(SEB) uses patented Ivey-soF mix

have the latest ITT

tures to desorb contaminants from

Flygt technology incorporated, ensur ing high efficiency, reliability and a long

soils increasing their bioavailability.

Surfactant Enhanced Bioremediation

As a result, the duration for TPH, PAH be

Channel Monster® Extreme

Duty - XD. Tel: 800-331-2277, Fax: 949-

PCB

bioremediation

can

Web: www.ittflygt.ca. ITT Flygt

Ivey International Inc.

Arsenic removal

Macrollte media

Kinetico Canada tive media for ar

Systems to treat individual

dwellings, small and medium sized

communal sys

Ultrasorb-T or Ultrasorb-F media.

Tel: 800-432-1166,

E-mail: cws(gkinetico.com.

Chopper pumps Landia chopper pumps solve the tough est problems when pumping difficultto-handle liquids with high solid con tents. Chop and reduce solids particle size while pumping with our special knife system. Eliminate clogging problems and prevent costly

removal.

co's Ultrasorb-A,

833-8858, E-mail:jwce@Jwce.com, Web: wwwjwce.com JWC Environmental

has three adsorp-

tems, For infor mation on Kineti-

Channel Monster® grinding and screening system is a product suited for extreme heavy loading applications such as large wastewater pump stations. JWC also has a large selection of pump sta tion grinders, well suited for the smallest applications, using the Channel Monster® CMD-1205, all the way up to the largest using the new

reduced by as much as 20 to 40% or more. Tel: 800-246-2744, E-mail: budivey@island.net. Web: www.sptt. net.

and

working life. Tel: 514-695-0100, Fax: 514-695-6605,

senic

o Q.

Kinetico's Macrollte media is now

available for upgrading filter perform ance or increasing flow of existing pressure and gravity filter systems. The media is permanently installed, has the best warranties in the industry and is suitable for all applications. Tel: 519927-9500, E-mail: cws@kinetico.com.

Web:www.kinetico.com.

Web: www.kinetico.com.

Kinetico Canada Inc.

Kinetico Canada Inc.

break downs. Landia

chopper pumps are operating in: raw

o

ro CO

unscreened effluents,

food industry efflu ents, paper mills, slurries and sludges, and much more. Tel: 604-552-7900, Fax: 604-552-7901, E-mail: epsl@telus.net. Landia

O n

fii

September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 79

fD


Multi-stage filter for small drinking water applications

New Pipe Rao version 3

Moving-bed bio-reactor

now available

Parkson's Geo-Reactor'" is an attached

growth, moving-bed bio-reactor. Its patented media supports biological growth, and its random movement aer ates the wastewater in unique ways. The net result is

increased

DO,increased The MS Filter is a solution to a small

contact

system's water treatment needs that is simple and inexpensive to operate. There are no pre-treatment chemicals, no membranes to replace, and yet treat ment performance equals or exceeds membrane or conventional processes. The plant is ideal for serviced popula

of the mixed

tions up to 2,000. Tel: 905-853-0164, Fax: 905-853-8807,E-mail: elew@msfilter. com, Web: www.msfilter.com.

Pipe Pac version 3, has arrived. For more information or to obtain a copy of the Pipe Pac version 3, contact the OCPA today. Tel: 905-631-9696, Fax: 905-631-1905, E-mail: paul.smeltzer@ ocpa.com. Web: www.ocpa.com. Ontario Concrete Pipe Association

MS Filter Inc.

Package Water and

liquor with the biology, thinner and more active biofilm, and improved mixing in the tank. Geo-Reactors offer

efficient

BOD reduction and nitrification can

easily be accomplished. Tel: 514-6368712, Fax: 514-636-9718, E-mail:

canada@parkson.com. Web: www. parkson.com. Parkson

Grit chamber

Wastewater Plants

time

The Smith & Loveless

Complete chemical treatment package

PISTA* Grit Chamber

maintains the highest proven grit removal efficiencies

over

a

wide range of daily flows because of its

We supply Package Water and Sewage Treatment

Plants

worldwide. The

Package Wastewater Plant concept is a low cost, odourless plant, achieving a high degree of treatment. It is econom ical, easy to install and operate, reli able, fulfills regulatory requirements and is ideal for any location unable to connect to municipal sewer systems. Tel: 604-986-9168, Fax: 604-986-5377,

exclusive forced vortex design. It removes grit and other discrete parti cles, separates organics and inorganics, and reduces grit accumulation in down stream basins, channels, weirs and pip ing. This results in reduced wear on mechanical equipment. Complete grit pumping, dewatering and washing components are available. Tel: 913888-5201, Fax: 913-888-2173, E-mail: answers@smithandloveless.com. Web:

SPD Sales Limited could offer you a complete chemical treatment package for remote sites housed in an insulated /

heated fiberglass building, including metering pumps, tanks, analyzers and data storage systems ready for field in stallation. Tel: 905-678-2882, Fax: 905-

www.sanitherm.com.

www.smithandloveless.com.

293-9774, E-mail: sales@spdsales. com. Web: www.spdsales.com.

Sanitherm Engineering Ltd.

Smith & Loveless

SPD Sales

E-mail: saneng@samtherm.com. Web:

Asbestos and mold abatement|

Specialist training

Tri-Phase Environmental Inc.'s retnediHffiOVERY

Stormceptor*

Command. Other services also include

Emergency Response Equipment, and Supplies Assessments using video. To leant more: Tel: 905-578-9666, Fax: 905578-6644, Email: spillman@on.aibn.com Website: www.spillmanagement.ca

Spill Management Inc.

service

is

have defined stormwater treatment excellence for over a decade and have

• Decontamination

an unsurpassed 15,000 installations

amplification.

worldwide. To learn more: Tel: 800-

Tel: 905-823-7965, Fax: 905-823-7932,

565-4801, E-mail: info@stormceptor. com. Web: www.stormceptor.com. Stormceptor® Group

E-mail: sales@pcbdisposal.com. Web: www.pcbdisposal.com.

Stormceptor® Systems

Spill Management offers On-Site SiteSpecific, All-risk and All-hazard Response Training for chemical spills using workshops with hands-on training, classroom instruction, Emergency Response Planning and Incident

al

used to help clients develop the most appro priate and costeffective remedial action plan; securing permits, ensuring site specific Health and Safety compliance, and providing expert remediation. Services include: • Asbestos removal/encapsulation of mechanical insulation systems, sprayed fireproofing and architectural finishes. • Supply and install insulation/finishes.

Stormceptor is the North American leader of engineered stormwater oil and sediment treatment systems. Rigorously tested, Stortiiceptor Systems effectively remove pollutants and ensure compliance. With a patent ed internal bypass, Stormceptor Systems treat all rainfall events and prevent scouring. Stormceptor Systetns

80 Environmental 5 <? c ' 4. Engineering, September 2005

of

toxic

Tri-Phase Environmental Inc.

mold


IK "WJMl

Digital communication

Hatch safety net The lightweight Hatch Safety Net is designed to be permanently installed and easily retractable in floor and roof openings where the risk of fall through is present. When

-ii

closed, the net system allows people to move freely around con fined space open ing without fear of falling into the opening. It also allows visibility of inspections and accessibility for limit

Aiima's 2-wire digital communication keeps the customer in control. Communication protocols such as Modhus, DeviceNet and Profibus are very complex and have been developed by the best computer communication minds in the industry. They allow the exchange of information between devices in the field, e.g. actuators, sen sors and controls, as required for the automation of controlled processes. Tel: 705-721-8247, Fax: 705-721-5851, E-mail: troy-ontor@troy-ontor.ca. Troy-Ontor Inc.

ed maintenance and float adjustments. When entry/exit is required, the net can be easily unhooked on all but one side of the opening to facilitate full access to the confined space. Tel: 604-552-7900, Fax: 604-552-7901, E-mail: epsl@telus.net.

Showcase 5* o a

Join pipe to 144" Depend-0Lok: the new

c

standard for

joining pipe to 144". En

gineered for restrained and

3

unre

a

strained sys tems,

De-

pend-O-Lok allows angular deflection and pipeline thermal expansion/con traction while maintaining seal integri ty. Specify in systems to 600 PSl for strength, reliability and ease of mainte

rD

nance. Tel: 905-884-7444, E-mail:

viccanada@victaulic.com. Web: www.

n

victaulic.com

rD

Victaulic

U.S.F. Fabrication

i/) Controlling contaminated groundwater

Portable actuators

Membrane Bioreactor(MBR) ZENON's ZeeWeed®

MBR produces tertiary quality effluent and simplifies wastewater treatment. The proven system replaces con

Waterloo Barrier is a

low permeability cut off wall for ground-

The New Waterra Pow-

water containment and iiimu

SUIT Mun

control.

erLift-3 is a

It is a new

design of steel sheet piling, featuring joints

powerful portable actu

-'n

ator with the

that can be sealed after the sheets have been driven into the

ground, and was developed by researchers at the University of Waterloo. It has patent/ patent pending status in several countries. Canadian

Metal Rolling Mills assisted in devel oping the product. Tel: 519-856-1352, Fax: 519-856-0759, E-mail: info@ waterloo-barrier.com,

Web:

www.

durability of the

Waterra

Power Pump2's mechanism

and the light weight of the Hydrolift-ll's motor, gear and con trol. Tel: 905-238-5242, Fax: 905-2385704, E-mail: waterra@idirect.com Web: www.waterra.com.

waterloo-barrier.com. Waterloo Barrier Inc.

ZENON's new Modular Drinking Water(MDW)system has been specif ically designed to overcome the chal lenges faced by small communities of 50 to 5,000 people. The system is based on the patented ZeeWeed® membrane technology incorporated in large treat ment plants. This ultrafil-

Green Turtle^'^ Group Green Turtle pro vides business, insti tutions and industry with

effective

n

ventional filtration and combines clar

ification, aeration and sludge digestion into one, simpler and smaller process step. The modular system can be easily expanded in a "just in time" manner to match surrounding community growth, reducing front-end development costs. Proven in hundreds of installations, ZeeWeed MBR is ideal for municipal and industrial applications of all sizes from < 10,000 GPD to > 10 MGD.Tel: 905-465-3030, Fax: 905-465-3050, Email: info@zenon.com. Web:zenon.com.

rD

O a c n

ZENON Environmental Inc.

Waterra Pumps

Small drinking water systems

O

Water chloramination process control with Chemscan 2150

a

Chloramination of water

is performed to produce a

and

I more stable disinfectant

cost-efficient waste-

.

water treatment solu

tions that ensure reg ulatory compliance, including Proceptor™ oil and grease separators, and PHIX™ Neutralization Systems. A leader throughout North

tration system

America, Green Turtle''''^' is committed

is cost-effec

to dynamic research and development,

tive, easy-to-use, and requires only minimal supervision, while consistent ly producing high quality water. Tel:

and works with our clients to deliver

905-465-3030, Fax: 905-465-3050, Email: info@2enon.com, Web: www.

877-966-9444, E-mail: info@greenturtle tech.com. Web: www.greenturtletech.

zenon. com.

com.

ZENON Environmental Inc.

Green Turtle^^' Group

innovative wastewater solutions to meet their needs. To learn more: Tel:

compared to free chlorine.

I Chloramine

has

iA rD

been

shown to reduce the for mation of THM and other disinfec

tion by-products by as much as 80%, while reducing taste and odor prob lems. A single ChemScan® Analyzer can detect monochloramine, ammo nia and/or free chlorine from multi

< n

rD \A

ple sample points in the process. Tel: 905-569-6246, Fax: 905-569-6244, E-mail: controls@cancoppas.com. Web. www.cancoppas.com Cancoppas

September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 81

rs

01 I/)

rD


^Environmental News jJoint research on rubber

struction operations are essentially the

asphalt concrete

same for both types. The reduced thickness and longer life ofrubber asphalt concrete allows it to become economically competitive

The

provincial

government

has

launched an innovative research proj

to conventional materials in some

ect with several key partners to exam ine the potential of crumb rubber asphalt concrete on Saskatchewan's highways.

cases. Its use also provides a market opportunity for recycled rubber pro duced in Saskatchewan.

The research project is the result of

Highways and Transportation Maynard Sonntag said; "Safe and effi cient transportation drives economic development and is a top priority for the people and industry of Saskatchewan." The project is located on Highway 11, from the south junction of Highway 2 to Chamberlain, for a total of approx imately 20 kilometres. The rubber asphalt, which is produced using crumb rubber manufactured from recycled

collaboration between Saskatchewan

Highways and Transportation, the University of Regina, the Saskatchewan Scrap Tire Corporation, the City of Regina, the National Research Council and the Prairie Rubber Corporation.

tion in northwestern BC. The court ruled that the board must ensure that

pest management plans will not lead to unreasonable adverse impacts on the environment. The decision also sets an

important precedent for the province's new de-regulated approach to pesticide use. The decision marks the end of a

two-year legal battle between the Ministry of Forests and EDRF (Environment Dispute Resolution Fund) client, the Granby Wilderness Society.

Summa celebrates 25th with

charity golf event

For more information visit the web

site at: www.highways.gov.sk.ca

Plans to spray grizzly forage with pesticides put on hold

scrap tires, will be used in the north bound and southbound driving lanes,

with conventional asphalt for the pass ing lanes and shoulders. Rubber asphalt concrete offers sev eral benefits, including lower traffic noise, reduced pavement thickness, and longer pavement life versus con ventional asphalt concrete. Road con

A July 2005 decision of the BC Supreme Court ordered the provincial Environmental Appeal Board(BAB)to reconsider the Ministry of Forests' plans to use pesticides on plants relied on by an endangered grizzly popula-

nthrafilter FILTER MEDI^ ^ i-. i

Frank Cosentino (left) and Fernando • ANTHRACITE • QUALITY FILTER SAND & GRAVEL CARBON • GARNET ILMENITE • REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

20 Sharp Road, Brantford, Ontario N3T 5L8 • Tel: (519) 751-1080 • Fax:(519)751-0617 E-mail: swiidey@anthrafiiter.net • Web: www.anthrafiiter.net

CORP.

High Pressure Water Jetting lina Liquid/Dry Vacuum Services

A

77 ORCHARD ROAD

AJAX, ONTARIO L1S6K9

TEL:(905)619-3009 FAX:(905)619-3638

Waste Water Treatment

Sponge Jet Cleaning

BAYCOR FIBRE TECH INC.

The Best Screen In The World Is A Baycor Screen

82 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

576 Elgin St., Unit D Brantford, Ontario Tel: (519)751-7787 Fax:(519) 751-7712 info@baycorfibre.com www.baycorfibre.com

Chua

Summa Engineering Limited located in Mississauga, Ontario, celebrated its 25th anniversary, July 29, with a creative combination of fellowship and golf. Some 140 golfers played at the renowned Hockley Valley resort. Golfers paid $125 per person, with the resort charging Summa a low rate; the difference was donated to the Heart

and Stroke Foundation. Additionally leading consulting and equipment com panies each sponsored a hole with pro ceeds also going to the Foundation. Later some 235 people attended din ner. At the banquet, founding partners Frank Cosentino and Fernando Chua

traced the origin oftheir company which

had begun in a basement apartment a quarter century ago. Frank later announced that Summa had topped up the contribution to the Heart and Stroke

Sludge Thickening

Foundation resulting in a S10,000 dona tion from golfing activities. The Foundation also provided prizes for

Specialists

guests.

Fine Screening and


^ Environmental NewSj BC power plant proposals terminated When BC Hydro announced on June 17th that it was abandoning plans to meet Vancouver Island's electricity needs through a natural gas power

plant at Duke Point in Nanaimo, envi ronmental groups and concerned citi zens let out a collective sigh of relief. The Duke Point Power Plant proposal was the last vestige of a strategy which originally called for the now-cancelled Georgia Straight Crossing gas pipeline and up to three gas-fired generation plants on the Island.

Minto wastewater system receives funding for upgrade The Village of Minto will receive $2,634,494 under the Canada-New Brunsvdck Municipal Rural Infrastructure Fund for the upgrade ofthe municipality's wastewater infrastructure. The announce

ment was made Aug. 30 by Premier Bernard Lord; Andy Scott, Member of Parliament for Fredericton and Regional

remaining $33 million will come from local governments whose projects win support from the fund. To date, two proj

and Minto Mayor Gary DiPaolo. Thanks to this fund agreement, every 33 cents that a participating municipality invests in an infrastruc ture project becomes a $1 investment for that community." The project involves the replace ment of the existing mechanical sewage treatment plant with an aerated lagoon system including ultraviolet

ects have been announced in New Brunswick under the Canada-New

Brunswick Municipal Rural Infrastructure Fund agreement, for total funding of $12,588,064. In New Brunswick, ACOA is

Brunswick

responsible for the implementation of the program federally, while the Department of the Environment and

Municipal Rural Infrasti-ucture Fund agreement, signed on Dec. 3, 2004, will

Local Government, in conjunction with the Regional Development Corp.,

invest $99 million in communities across

are responsible for the provincial juris

New Brunswick over five years. The gov

diction.

ernments of Canada and New Brunswick

For more information visit www.gnb.ca and www.infrasfructure.gc.ca. continued overleaf...

disinfection. The

Canada-New

are each investing $33 million. The

MOBILE GROUNDWATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS WITH MOE MOBILE CERTIFICATES OF APPROVAL

• 15 Day Start-Up for Fuel Oil, Diesel Fuel and Heavy Oils • 16 Foot Self Contained Heated Trailers • 20 GPM Oil/Water

Separator •Activated Carbon Vessels • Sludge Chamber • Overflow Protection • Heavy Duty Air Compressor • 24/7 Tech Support • Set Up and System Training • Remediation Pumps are Optional. Fortress Environmental Corp. (416) 809-3261

Minister for New Brunswick,on behalfof

Joseph McGuire, Minister of the Atlantic Canada Oppoifunities Agency (ACOA); Announcement

Saint-Gobain PAM

Ivent-o-matI

Advanced Ductile Iron Manhole

Cover, Grate & Frame Technology -1/2 the weight of cast iron, yet 3 to 4 times as strong! one-man operable

"Anti-Surge/Anti-Shock!' 10-year \warranty

UV Pure Technologies

Air ReleaseA/acuum Break Valves

infiltration-resistant,

Appoints New Ontario

for Sewage & Water

water-tight and lockable

and Quebec Business

HYDRO-LOGIC ENVIRONMENTAL

Development Managers

762 Upper James St., Suite 250 Hamilton, Ontario L9C 3A2 Fax: 905-777-8678

Phone: 905-777-9494

info@hydrologic.ca

www.hydrologlc.ca

UV Pure Technologies is pleased to wel come its two new Business Development Managers, Daryl Mawhinney (pictured on right) and Mr. Roger Chalifour (on left) for Ontario and Quebec respectively. Mr. Chalifour is a seasoned sales specialist

with deep experience in commercial and industrial sales across Eastern Canada.

Mr. Mawhinney is a 19 year veteran ofthe water treatment technology market in Ontario. UV Pure Technologies Inc. develops and manufactures technological ly advanced ultraviolet purification sys tems for drinking water and wastewater. Hallett™ UV systems are NSF/ANSl 55 Class A certified. Patented Crossfire

Technology™ is self-cleaning, smart, fail-safe and virtually maintenance free. Each has intelligent, remote monitoring capability. Over three thousand of the company's systems are installed in North America, Australasia and Eastern Europe.

www.puresafewater.com

Package Water / Wastewater

Since 1950

NAPIER-REID LTD.

Treatment Plants

10-2 Alden Road

Markham, Ontario L3R 2S1 Tel: 905-475-1545• Fax: 905-475-2021

www.napier-reid.com

Digester Cleaning,Dewatering,Dredging,Disposal Complete Services

""^^^Trimax Resiiiuak an American Water Services'company

800-465-21 15 www.trimaxenv.com | www.americanwaterservices.com

1.888.407.9997

September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 83


Turn-Key Environmental Engineering:

ivi-ris

Hydrogen Fuel Generation

Technologies

Waste Water Management & Technology Systems

...Turning Experience Into Profit

Lucy Casacia, B.Sc. Metallurgy

^ Environmental Newsj Bennett authorized to

accept Nova Scotia soil Bennett

Air Pollution & Dust Control

President & C.E.O.

Systems

Environmental

received

authorization to accept about 1,500

tonnes of hydrocarbon contaminated

Phone; 416.301.4958 or 905.464.2586

Technology Commercialization

www.adventisoapitai.com • E-mail: info@adventiscapitai.com

soil from the former Domtar site locat

ed in Sydney, Nova Scotia. The con taminated soil is coming from the clean up ofa previous storage tank that

Ainley

Four decades of excellence in infrastructure planning Sr engineering

CONSULTING ENGINEERS PLANNERS

BARRIE

BELLEVILLE

COLLINGWOOD

(705)726-3371 (613) 966-4243 (705)445-3451

OTTAWA

(613)822-1052

Cieating eaialify Solutions Together

contained coal tar material from the former Domtar site located on the

Coke Ovens site in Sydney, Nova Scotia.

The soil is acceptable for process ing during commissioning of the Belledune facility and is well below the acceptance criteria stipulated in the draft Approval to Operate for Bennett. Bennett Environmental has been

working for several months to obtain sufficient quantities of contaminated soil in order to complete commission ing and conduct testing on stack emis

R.V.Anderson Associates Limited environment • infrastructure

tel 416 497 8600 web www.rvandersQn.com

sions.

toronto welland Ottawa sudbury london moncton fredericton charlottetown bombay

American Concrete Pipe Association appoints

engineering ■ operations ■ management

new President

C.C. TATHAM & ASSOCIATES LTD. CONSULTING ENGINEERS

Specialists in a comprehensive range of Environmental and Municipal Engineering Collingwood

Bracebridge

Orlllia

Barrie

Web: www.cctatham.com

Email: inTO@cctatham.com

CLEARVIEW Geophysics Inc.

Get a dear view of: • UST's, buried metal, debris & fiil

Matt Childs, PE,has been appointed

• Fermer excavations & structures

President of the American Concrete

"Specialists in non-intrusive ground investigations"

• Leachate piumes

Tel: 905.458.1883

• Voids and fractures

Pipe Association. He has been with ACPA for five years, most recently

Fax: 905.792.1884

•Stratigraphy

E-mail: clearview@geophyslcs.ca Web: www.geophyslcs.ca

• Pipes and utilities

CONTAMINATED REAL ESTATE We specialize in purchasing contaminated residential, industrial and commercial properties in Ontario. Work out options are avail able where the clean-up costs exceed the value of the property. Complete Environmental Solutions, 123 Briggs Avenue, Richmond Hill, Ont. L4B 1X6

Tel (416)809-9987

Fax (905) 764-9219

84 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

serving as Director of Engineering Services. While in that position, he completed programs for various ACPA committees by serving as a staff liaison to the Technical, Manufacturing Quality and Goverranent Relations Committees. Also, he has been

involved in helping develop marketing material for the Association, and in planning many ACPA training courses. Mr Childs is replacing John Duffy who recently retired. For more infonnation e-mail info@concrete-pipe.org


Environmental Newsj CONESTOGA-ROVERS & ASSOCIATES

New equipment to enhance

2,000 Staff Over 60 Offices 1.800.265.6102 www.CRAworld.com

B.C's air quality monitoring

Comprehensive Services. Responsiveness. Excellence!

New monitoring equipment will help improve air quality in Prince George, says Environment Minister Barry Penner. Located on the roof of the

Meeting and exceeding your Municipal/industrial Water and Wastewater needs for almost three decades. The tradition continues... Worldwide Engineering, Environmental, Construction, and IT Services

Environment Ministry's regional office, the new equipment will identify potential sources of large and small particulate matter, which will help the provincial government and its partners to continue to develop the Prince George Airshed Management Plan.

Consolidated

HIGH SPEED CENTRIFUGES HIGH VOLUME PUMPING-HDPE PIPE

(New)- Geo Tube dewatering

Competent and Complete Services

Four other stations around Prince

George also contribute to air quality monitoring in the airshed. In addition to about $35,000 invest ed in the new equipment, B.C. has invested over $100,000 in research in

30 YEARS DREDGING

Glroux

Lagoons, Digesters, Ponds, Lakes, Marinas, Waste Reduction, Municipal & Industrial

Tel:(506) 684-5821, Fax:(506) 684-1915, Tei:(705)235-5531, www.girouxinc.com

DELCAIM WATER

• Water & Wastewater Systems . Process Optimization . Stormwater Management • Environment Planning • Value Engineering • Project Financing & Procurement .Intelligent Water Systems(IWS)

the Prince George airshed, including a study on small particulate and dust.

This study is expected to be completed by 2007. For more information visit

www.gov.be.ca/air/airquality.

tNTCUIOENr SOLUTIONS

625 Cochrane Drive,Suite 500 Markham,Ontario,L3R 9R9 1:905-943-0500 F:905-943-0400

www.delcan.net ISO 9001/2000

First jail sentence under

JWS

Canadian Environmental Protection Act

Jeffrey Dressier pleaded guilty to two charges under the Export and Import of Hazardous Waste Regulations made pursuant to the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999. He received a sen

tence of 30 days on each count, to be

served concurrently. The charges were related to actions taken by Mr. Dressier while employed by Battery Broker Environmental

Services

Inc.

V

FUNG!& BACTERIA ID & ENUMERATION

V TOTAL SPORE COUNTS(AIR-O-CELL, BURKARD, ALLERGENCO) V V

INDOOR ALLERGEN TESTING SEWAGE CONTAMINATION IN BUILDINGS

V

MATERIALS, PARTICLE 5 DUST CHARACTERIZATION

V

FULL PARTICLE IDENTIFICATION & SIZING

V V

DUST MITES / MOTH SCALES & ARTHROPOD FRAGMENTS ASBESTOS / LEAD / METALS / SILICA / CHEMISTRY EMSL Analytical, Inc. participates in the AIHA EMPATprogram

www.emsl.com

107 Haddon Avenue, Westmont, NJ USA 08108

1-800-220-3675

of

Etobicoke, Ontario. Judge Lacavera heard that on December 18, 2003, and on March 19,

2004, while working for Battery Broker

m

Gartner Lee Limited

environmental strategies & solutions

Environmental Services Inc., Mr.

Environmental Science,Economics,

Dressier oversaw the export of more than 37,800 kilograms of waste batter ies for recycling to the United States. There were no permits in place authorizing the exports. In addition, he failed to ensure that copies of the rele

Planning & Engineering Solutions www.gartnerlee.com British Columbia I Alberta I Yukon I Northwest Territories I Ontario I Quebec

vant waste manifests were forwarded to

Environment Canada, as required. It was his responsibility to do so on behalf of the company. Charges were laid on February 25, 2005, after a year-long investigation by

•Design of WaterAVastewater/Air Treatment Systems•Remedial Investigations and Feasibility Studies • Environmental Management Systems(ISO 14000) > Utility Minimization Audits (Energy, Water, WasfesJ • Remedial Designs/Remedial

Environment Canada. The next Court

Actions •Phase l/ll Environmental Site Assessments•Soil/Groundwater

appearance

for

Battery

Broker

Geomatrix Consultants Engineers, Geologists,and Environmental Scientists

Contaminant Remediations•Litigation Assistance yvww.geomatrixicom

Environmental Services Inc. and its

President was scheduled for September

Tel:(519)886•7500 Fax:(519)886•7419

Unit G, 420 Weber St. North, Waterioo, Ontario N2L 4E7

13, 2005, in St. Catharines, Ontario. continued overleaf... September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 85


Environmental NewSj

Giffels An Ingenium Group Company

ADI receives National

SPECIALIZING IN:

Composting Award

• DRINKING WATER Treatment and Supply • WASTEWATER Collection and Treatment

• ENVIRONMENTAL Planning •

RENEWABLE ENERGY Solutions

Contact Stephen O'Brien or Peter Olios for more information | 416 675 5950|giffels-com TORONTO I OTTAWA | KINGSTON ! WINDSOR I WATERLOO

Experts in Water, Wastewater, Environmental Planning, and Simulation Software

Hydromantis,Inc. CJQQ

Consulting Engineers

The Composting Council of Canada has presented its Award of Merit to the staff of ADI International (PEI) Inc. in recognition of ADI's significant achievement and support of compost ing across Canada. Susan Antler, Executive Director of the Composting Council of Canada presented the award to ADI staff located at the Brookfieid, PEI composting facility, which ADI

designed,

210 Sheldon Drive, Cambridge, Ontario, NIT 1A8 Tei: (519)624-7223 Fax:(519)624-7224 1685 Main Street West, Suite 302, Hamilton, Ontario, L8S 1G5 Tei: (905) 522-0012 Fax:(905) 522-0031

E-mail: info@hydromantis.com Web: www.hydromantis.com

built

and

operates.

"Through the efforts of dedicated ADI staff, as well as home and business owners, the province of PEI has achieved a waste diversion rate of over

64% - one of the most significant suc cesses in North America," said Ms.

lNTeGRflT€D CXPLORRTIONS Inc.

Antler.

Bio-Environmental Specialists since 1977 67 Watson Rd., Unit #1 LAB Division

• Environmental Microbiology • Biotreatment Optimization • Fungi, Bacteria & Algae ID • Contract R&D, UV Efficacy

IWS

TEC Division

Box 1385, Gueipti,

• Bioremediation

Ontario, N1H 6N8

• Air & Water Biofiiters

Tei:(519) 822-2608 Fax;(519) 822-3076

• Site investigations • Aquatic Spiii Surveys

E-maii: ieinc@istar.ca

INTERNATIONAL WATER SUPPLY LTD. MONTREAL

BARRIE

SASKATOON

The Central Composting Facility also won the Benefit to Society Award presented by Consulting Engineers of New Brunswick. The Benefit to Society Award acknowledges engineering design projects that have a positive effect on communities in which they are located. The technology was designed specifically for the Central Composting Facility to meet the province's strict environmental regula tions, and furthers the realization of the

GROUNDWATER TECHNOLOGY SPECIALISTS Engineers & Hydrogeologists Serving the Groundwater Industry for Over 70 Years 342 Bayview Drive, Box 310, Barrie, Ontario, Canada L4M 4T5

Tei:(705) 733-0111, Fax:(705) 721-0138

province's environmental objectives.

Victaulic provides emergency repair in record time

E-mali: iws@iws.ca. Web site: www.iws.ca

Providing a wide range of Environmental Services

major break in their 36" HDPE line,

J.L.Richards

they called Victaulic Depend-O-Lok

.ENGINEERS ARCHITECTS-PLANNERS

Water & Wastewater Treatment I Environmental Assessment & Planning Solid Waste Management I Stormwater Management I Watermain & Sewer Rehabilitation

).L. Richards & Associates Limited

When Canadian Electrolytic Zinc Limited, a zinc processing facility in Vaiieyfieid, Quebec, experienced a

www.jirichards.ca

Ottawa

Kingston

Sudbury

Timmins

613 728-3571

613 544-1424

705 522-8174

705 360-1899

Inc. for help. Located next to the St.Lawrence River, CEZinc suffered a

critical rupture on the line leading to the pumping station that could have forced a shutdown of the entire plant. With the possibility of a plant shut

down costing nearly SI million a day, Expertise for the new world of Water and

Wastewater Management Providing Professional Services Since 1959

KMK Consultants

Limited

Offices in;

Brampton ♦ Pickering ♦ Kitchener ♦ Windsor ♦ Cobalt Telephone: 905-459-4780 internet Site: www.kmk.ca

86 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

E-maii: kmk@kmk.ca

time was of the essence. Victaulic

Depend-O-Loc custom designed, pro duced and delivered a 36" x 16" ExE

Type 2 coupling in under 56 hours,

helping CEZinc avert a lengthy and costly stoppage. The Type 2 is a flexible, unre strained sleeve coupling for use in polyethylene (HDPE) pipe and is typi cally installed in plain pipe ends. The custom-designed stainless steel cou-


Environmental Newsj pling was created in two separate pieces to allow easy installation with out having to remove the existing pipe. Victaulic hand-delivered the cou

pling and worked with a CEZinc con tractor on the installation, which took less than 45 minutes.

Serving Ontario municipalities with innovative

mw'

solutions. From commission to compliance.

From source water to well water our Professional Geoscientists

and M.O.E. Well Technicians are here to serve you. LOTOWATER

WEU.DAT

LOTOWATER

TECHNICAL SERVICES INC.

DATA MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS

GEOSCIENCE CONSULTANTS LTD.

This allowed CEZinc to get the plant up and running at its optimal Leaders in

level with the least amount of time.

Engineering & Climate/weather conditions

not seen for 50 to 100 years Scientists and engineers who have studied extreme weather this summer

Ma

Environmental Science

iro

MacViro Consultants Inc. 600 Cochrane Drive, Suite 500, Markham, ON L3R 5K3 (905) 475-7270 • Fax:(905) 475-5994 reception@macviro.com www.macviro.com

and compared the data to historical

weather patterns, say that they are the result of the rare convergence of cli matic and weather phenomena. The

Marshall

Macklin

simultaneous occurrence of all current

weather activity may not have taken place in the last 50 to 100 years or longer, they say. Dr. Jayantha Obeysekera, Director of the Hydrologic and Environmental Systems Modeling Department at the

Monaghan • SUPVEVCHS -FLAiUJEPS

Specialists in Environmental Planning and Engineering, Hydrogeology, Waste Management and Water Resources Toronto, Calgary, Mississauga, Whitby 80 Commerce Valley Drive East, Thornhill, ON L3T 7N4 Telephone: 905-882-1100 E-mail: mmm@mmm.ca

FAX: 905-882-0055 www.mmm.ca

South Florida Water Management District, said: "We are experiencing an uncommon event. South Florida cli

mate varies in cycles, some that form patterns with long return frequencies. This certainly is an event of a magni tude that normally occurs once every 50 to 100 years. The concurrence of these weather/climate factors, which is

our current situation, is a rarity. Though seasonal climatic forecasts may have significant uncertainties, water managers need to take actions in advance when climatic outlooks indi

cate a risk of extremely wet condi

NATIONAL ENVIRONMIN flMESTING SERVICES - MAXXLINK - Internet Accessible Sample Tracking & Report Viewing ■ Air Quality Monitoring Services ■ Ultra Trace Contaminant Analysis by HRMS - Rush Analysis

Vl a

f

wvyw.maxxamanalytics.com

xa m Analytics Inc

Driven by Service and Science

P-62661 i2661 Qu^:877-462-9926| AM;Canada:800^7227

RESTORATION ENVIRONMENTAL

tions." A monster hurricane like Katrina-

and the fact that Florida was hit by four large hurricanes last summer - are but the most extreme manifestations of the

unusual weather patterns we are expe riencing, the scientists say. Other evi dence: A rare warm phase in the North Atlantic; record rainfall; historic record water levels in lakes; predic tions of much higher than normal rain fall; extremely warm ocean currents and, of course, unusually high predic tions of hurricane activity. For a full copy of this report, log on to www.sfwmd.gov continued overleaf...

CONTRACTORS 1-800-894-4924 ASBESTOS • LEAD • ABATEMENT • DEMOLITION • PCB'S • MOULD www.envlronmentalhazards.com • www.toxicmold.ca E-mail: rcc@rcstoratiancnvlronmcntal.com

® BurnsIde Providing innovative solutions in engineering and environmental sciences (519) 941-5331

www.rjburnside.com

September 2005, Environmental Science <& Engineering 87


"A leader \n providing innovative

^ EnvironmentalNewsj

automation solutions to our customers. We offer a complete range of products & services in ttie areas of: • Systems Integration • Process Instrumentation • Control Panels • Chemical Packages • Programmable Logic Controllers • HMI/SCADA • Computer/Network Services • Service

Summa Engineering Limited 6423 Northam Drive, Mississauga, ON L4V1J2 • Tel:(905)678-3388, Fax:(905)678-0444 E-mail: info@summaeng.com • Website: www.summaeng.com

Vortex Flow Inserts

eliminate odour in municipal pipeline sewer drops Sanitary sewer manholes and pumping stations that discharge H2S gas and other foul odours can be serious prob lems for inhabitants of surrounding businesses and residences.

A 47 Year

,11

Tradition of Excellence in Engineering

RQSEMOUNT

•r

Lxroitp

CORNWALL

OnAWA

KINGSTON

FERGUS

BERMUDA

613-933-5602

613-/49-9685

613-634-73/3

519-843-2552

441-292-9192

lions of dollars on chemical injection, hiofiiters and other forms of odour and corrosion control.

Many of these methods are only par tially successful while some others require a significant commitment to

T&haseEnvironmentallnc.

maintenance.

• Hazardous Site Clean-up & Remediation • Decommissioning and Demolition Tel: (905) 823-7965 Fax:(905)823-7932 www.pcbdisposal.com

These odours are not only a frequent source of complaints from the public, but they also severely impact the air quality of neighborhoods, particularly during hot summer months. Currently, municipalities spend mil

A new solution for municipalities is the Vortex Fiow''''^ Insert. Its specially

• Asbestos and Mould Abatement

engineered drop structure harnesses the energy of failing sewage to aerate the

• Contaminated Soil Removal

flow and oxidize dissolved sulphides. The first Canadian installation in

• On-site Water Treatment

COMPLETE ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICE

Sarnia, Ontario, is eliminating HjS emissions from a force main discharge that destroyed a concrete drop man hole.

' Water Supply

• Wastewater

' Solid Waste

For more information please contact Tel: i-866-473-9462.

' Environmental Assessment engineers

architects

' Site Assessment & Remediation

planners

' System Optimization

BC copper and gold mine received environmental

approval

Whitby• Barrie • Bracebridge • Cobourg • Kingston • Kitchener-Walerloo • Ottawa • Sault Ste. Nflarie • St. Catharines Tel:(905)668-9363•Toll Free: 1-800-668-1983•Fax:(905)668-0221 •E-Mail: tsh.@tsh.ca• www.tsh.ca

Waterloo Hydrogeologic, Inc. Modeling & Data Management Consultants

^

► Source Water Protection Planning ► WHPA Delineation

► Contaminant Fate & Transport >■ Model Review & Litigation Support

Waterloo

>■ Advanced Modeling Applications Tel:(B19) 746-1798 • Email:consultlng®waterloohydrogeologlccom

jf^XCC XCG CONSULTANTS LTD.

Call us to

strengthen your team!

hydrogeologic A Schiumbergtr Compativ

EXCELLENCE IN ENVIRONMENTAL CONSULTING SERVICES

• Industrial / Municipal Wastewater Management ' Watershed and Stormwater Management

' Drinking Water Quality and Treatment Kitchener Toronto area

Kingston Cincinnati

(519) (905) (613) (513)

741-5774 829-8880 542-5888 841-9246

www.xcg.commail@xcg.com

' Hydrogeoiogy investigation / Modeiiing ' Environmental Site Assessment / Auditing ' Remediation and Decommissioning

> Environmental Management Systems

88 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

The proposed Red Chris Copper-Gold Mine project in BC has received envi ronmental approval following a com prehensive review by British Columbia's Environmental Assessment Office.

Located 450 ion north of Smithers

and i 8 km southeast of fskut, the Red

Chris Mine project involves the con struction and operation of an open-pit mine, including storage areas, waste dumps, an access road, a power line to the site, a worker camp and a water supply. Capital cost is approximately $228 million, and the project will provide approximately 250 full-time jobs dur ing its 25-year operation. Construction is scheduled to begin in spring 2006. continued overleaf...


Company

Page

ADI International

54

AGAT Laboratories

63

American Concrete Pipe Association

13

Annual Reviews

61

AnoxKaldnes Anthrafiiter

45 82

Aquablast Aquateok

E-mail elw@adl.ca

Website www.adi.ca

www.agatiabs.com

Info@oonorete-pipe.org ..ibarker@annualreviews.org

www.concrete-pipe.org www.annualreviews.org

, .usa@anoxkaldnes.com

www.anoxkaidnes.com

82 49

. .swildey@anthrafilter.net , .servlce@aquabiast.ca , .j.marotta@aquateck-e.com

www.anthrafiter.net www.aquablast.ca www.aquateck.com

Aimtec

21

. .saies@armtec.com

www.armtec.com

Ashtead Technology Rentals

30

rentalscanada@ashtead-technology.com

Associated Engineering

11

mahl@ae.ca

www.ae.ca

AWI

25

nicolac@awlfilter.com

www.awifiiter.com

info@baycorflbre.com

www.baycorflbre.com www.cadmanpower.com www.caeai.ca www.cecab.org/ese www.cancoppas.oom

Baycor Fibre Tech 82 Cadman Power Equipment 47 CAEAL 62 Canadian Environmentai Certification Approvals Board .. .64 Cancoppas 22 . CCOHS

58 .

CDS Technoiogies

56 .

CH2IV1HILL

33 .

CiearTech Comstock Canada

55 . 63

Con Cast Pipe Corrpro Canada Corrugated Steei Pipe Institute

91 68 35

Davis Controis

5

ngravel@caeal.ca . .controls@cancoppas.com

www.ashtead-technology.com

www.ccohs.ca www.cdstech.com . .askch2m@ch2m.com

www.ch2mhiilcanada.com www.cieartech.ca www.comstockcanada.com

estradiotto@concastplpe.com mike.nlchois@corrpro.ca info@cspi.ca

wvirw.concastpipe.com www.corrpro.oa www.cspi.ca

lnfo@daviscontrois.com .. .water@delcan.com

www.daviscontrols.com www.deican.net

60 41

.. .sales@densona.com

www.densona.com

. . .lnfo.oriliia@giv.com

www.glv.com

Duall Division, Met-Pro Corp

42

. . .lnfo@dualidiv.com

www.duaildiv.com

Eckei

65

EGO Canada ECO Canada

70

.. .eckei@eckel.ca info@eco.ca

www.eckei.ca www.eco.ca/2006

66

lnfo@eco.ca

EcoLog information Resources Group

52

Endress + Mauser

17

info@ca.endress.com

E-Z Out Manufacturing FE Myers Company

51 40

e-zout@telus.net epsl@telus.net .stacey@flowmetrix.ca

Delcan Water

23

Denso Dorr-Oliver Eimco

Flowmetrix

72

Fortress Environmental

83

Fluidyne

www.eco.ca/ese

www.ecoiog.com

90 .

www.ca.endress.com

www.fiowmetrix.ca www.fiuidynecorp.com www.geomatrix.com www.grcanada.com www.greatario.com

Greatario

57

. .dellis@geomatrix.com ..amccoubrey@grcanada.com . .sales@greatarioengsys.com

Hach

92

. .Intl@hach.com

www.hach.com

Hetek Solutions

46

. .saies@hetek.com

www.hetek.com www.hoskin.ca

Geomatrix Consultants

Gorman Rupp

42, 51

3

Hoskin Scientific

36, 59 ,

Hydro-Logic Environmental international Water Supply iPEX ITT Flygt Ivey International John Brooks John Meunler JWC Environmental

83 68 27 9 74 75 37, 43 29

KMK Consultants

71

KSB Pumps Landia

48 44

info@hydroiogic.ca iws@lws.ca marketing@ipexlnc.com fcdn.lnfo@itt.com budlvey@lsiand.net ontario@johnmeunler.com

www.hydrologic.ca www.iws.ca www.lpexinc.com www.lttfiygt.ca www.sptt.net www.fiuidhandiingsolutlons.com www.johnmeunier.oom www.jwce.com www.kmk.ca

ksbcanada@ksbcanada,com epsi@telus.net

www.ksb.ca

MacViro

64

Marsh-McBirney Metcon Sales & Engineering

67 19

metcon@metconeng,com

www.marsh-mcbirney.com www.metconeng.com

MS Filter

61

elew@msfilter.com

www.msfiiter.com

Napier Reid

83

lnfo@napier-reid.com

www.napier-reid.com

Neo Valves

74

vaives@neovalves.com

www.neovalves.com

Ontario Water Operators Training Centre Parkson ProMinent Sanitherm Engineering

38 62 50 54

jsmyth@sanitherm.com

www.owotc.com www.parkson.com www.prominent.ca wvvw.sanitherm.com

Smith & Loveless

65

answers@smlthandioveless.com

wvvw.smlthandioveless.com

SPD Sales

16

saies@spdsaies.com

www.spdsales.com

Stanteo

66

knlchois@stantec.com

www.stantec.com

6

lnfo@stormceptor.com

www.stormceptor.com

vvww.trimaxenv.com

vvww.americanwaterservices.com

www.troy-ontor.ca

Stormceptor Trimax Residuals

83

www.macvlro.com

canada@parkson.com

Troy-Ontor

75

troy-ontor@troy-ontor.ca

USE Fabrication UV Pure Technologies

59 69

epsl@teius.net info@uvpure.com

Victaulic

31

Water Quality Technology Conference

39 .

Waterloo Blofiiter Waterra

44 28

.waterra@idirect.com

wvvw.waterra.com

Westfalla Separator Canada

73

.scrlver.frank@wsus.com

vvww.wsus.com

.info@zenon.com

www.zenon.com

Zenon

2

www.uvpure.com www.victaulic.com

www.awwa.org/conferences/wqtc .info@waterioo-biofilter.com

wvvw.waterioo-biofllter.com

September 2005, Environmental Science & Engineering 89


^Environmental NewsjWater filtration systems donated to Katrina relief effort

ZENON Environmental and Maytag are donating water filtration systems to aid in relief efforts in affected areas in

Mississippi and Louisiana. ZENON has already sent 40 of its Homespring central water filtration systems to Louisiana and Maytag, its distributor in North America, has agreed to match these donations.

deployed in easily accessible public locations, the 80 units provided are capable of providing clean, safe drink ing water to approximately 600,000 people. ITT offers funds and

equipment to Katrina relief efforts

ITT Industries has pledged $250,000.00 (US)to the Red Cross to fund immedi ate hurricane relief. It also made avail

Six public schools and several churches in Hancock and Harrison Counties have been identified as initial

sites for the filtration system. Several disaster relief housing centers in the New Orleans area are also being con sidered.

The central water filtration systems will help prevent further spread of bac teria-borne and parasitic diseases, which constitute a major health prob lem for survivors and rescue teams at the moment.

Each Maytag-Homespring filtration system can potentially produce up to 5,000 gallons of water per day. When

able fluid technology equipment for delivery to Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama, including dewatering pumps and reverse osmosis systems which could

be

vital

to

relief efforts.

Additionally, the company sent night vision equipment and personnel to assist in round-the-clock search and rescue efforts in the affected areas.

The company has installed more than 70 large pumps in New Orleans over the years as part ofthe city's flood control system. Together, these pumps are capable of pumping up to 2 billion US gallons an hour. To supplement these in the hurricane's aftermath, the

company has prepared a fleet of more than 100 large submersible pumps, routinely rented for dewatering proj ects, on standby to help remove the flood

waters from

New

Orleans.

Developed just prior to the "Great Midwest Flood of 1993," these enginedriven pumps can each remove 20,000 gallons of water per minute. Additionally, the company has pre

pared chlorination and UV disinfec tion equipment to help provide potable water to victims of Hurricane Katrina.

This equipment can provide up to 250,000 gallons of water per day. Chlorinators Inc. celebrates

30 years in business Chlorinators Incorporated, manufac turer of the REGAL gas chlorinator, celebrates 30 years in business in October 2005.

Founded in 1975 by Jim and Diane Haskett to service the swimming pool industry, the company has grown over the years to provide water and wastewater disinfection to various industries .

www.regalchlorinators.com.

MAXIMIZE PERFORMANCE - MINIMIZE SLUDGE Fluidynes's ISAM™ (Integrated Surge-AnoxicMix) represents the latest in advanced wastewater treatment and biological nutrient removal. The ISAM™ produces high-quality water, meeting the strictest effluent limits while minimizing sludge production. Ideal for industrial and municipal wastewater, the technology is perfect for treating highly variable flows and loadings. Treatment plants ranging from 5,000 gpd to multi-MGD are operating.

The ISAM™ provides the following advantages over other activated sludge processes: Reduces capital, operation and maintenance costs Reduces tank size by 25%

Reduces sludge production by more than 85% Sll:' Reduces energy requirements

3^:' Improves performance at high flows Relnbeck, Iowa 0.40MGD,2-tank ISAM

Wolf Creek Ski Resort Uisit us at UJEFTEC Booth #9558

(319) 266 -9967 FAX (319) 277-6034 2816 WEST FIRST STREET - CEDAR FALLS, IOWA 50613

_i.

www.fluidynecorp.com

90 Environmental Science & Engineering, September 2005

0.025 MGD, 2-tank ISAM


SOME THINGS DO NOT BELONG TOGETHER

ecoStorm'

Because pollutants and water do not mix.

Con Cast Pipe's ecoStorm is third party tested at NWRI, MOE NETE reviewed and boasts 80% net Total Suspended Solids (TSS) removal. It's a clear choice for your stormwater treatment system. Con Cast Pipe's ecoStorm product is the cost-effective solution for removing floating pollutants, debris and contaminated solids from stormwater. It is engineered site specific for your application and exceeds pollutant removal regulations in

0

industrial, commercial and residential applications. ecoStorm benefits from efficient installation using standard precast components and low maintenance costs due to easy access for inspection or contaminant removal. Visit www.concastpipe.com to CON CAST PIPE discover more regarding ecoStorm and other key water treatment products. 1 -800-668-PIPE Licensed by Con Cast Pipe from Royal Environmental Systems Inc., A Division of Royal Enterprises America

September 2005, Envitvnmental Science & Engineering 91


THIS IS NOT THE TIME TO FIND OUT YOU HAVEN'T USED THE

MOST ACCURATE AND RELIABLE SENSORS.

s *

\2-

©2005 Hach Company

Your job is too critical to put your trust in anything less than the gold standard.Thafs why the Hach Digital Sensor Family, with the set00™ or set000™ multi-parameter controllers, offers a total solution for all your water analysis

needs. Along with our full range of plug-and-piay sensors, including luminescent dissolved oxygen, pH,turbidity and suspended solids, nitrate and many more, Hach has the most reliable, accurate and cost-effective process measurement solution you can use to ensure your next plant inspection mns smoothly. And we'll support you and give personalized service every step of the way. To find out more about our products and Canadian distributors call 970-669-3050, email intl@hach.com or visit www.hach.com.

Be Right"

Profile for Environmental Science and Engineering Magazine

Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine (ESEMAG) September 2005  

Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine (ESEMAG) September 2005  

Profile for esemag