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cmyk

hm¿- Ø - I ƒ 2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 01˛14

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sIm-®n-

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]p-kv-X-Iw- 03

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tlm-_n-

2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 01˛14

\m-bv-°-fp-sS- i-co-c-im-kv-{Xw\m-bv-°-fp-sS- i-cm-i-cn- B-bp-kv- 15 h¿-jam-Wv.- Nn-e- C-\w- \m-bv° - f - n¬- A-Xv- Iq-Sp-It- bmIp-db - p-It- bm- sN-ømw.G-Xm-≠v- H-cp- h-bk - v- B-Ip-tºm-tg-°pw- \mbv° - ƒ-°-v {]m-b] - q¿-Øn- F-Øpw.- H-cp-h¿-jw- BIm-dm-Ip-tºm-tg-°pw- s]¨- \m-b- a-Zn-bp-sS- e£Ww- Im-Wn-®p- Xp-Sß - pw.\m-b° -v ƒ-°-v ap≥-Im-ep-If - n¬- A-©p- hn-ce - pI-fpw- ]n≥-Im-ep-If - n¬- \m-ep- hn-ce - p-If - p-am-Wv- D≠m-Ip-I.- B-sI- 42 ]-√p-Iƒ- D-≠m-bn-cn-°pw.- ta¬Øm-Sn-bn¬- 20˛Dw- Io-gvØ - m-Sn-bn¬- 22 ]-√p-If - pwB-W.v - B-Zyw- ap-f® - p-hc- p-∂- ]m¬-∏√ - p-Iƒ- c-≠paq-∂p- am-kw- {]m-ba- m-Ip-tºmƒ- sIm-gn-™p-t]m-

Ip-Ib - pw- ]p-Xn-b- ]-√p-Iƒ- h-cn-Ib - pw- sN-øp-∂p.Iu-Xp- I - I - c- a- m-b- a-s‰m-cp- Im-cyw- \m-b° -v f - p-sSIm-gvN - - an-°h - m-dpw- "ªm-°v- B‚ v- ssh-‰n'¬- BWv- F-∂p-≈X - m-Wv.- A-]q¿-ha- m-bn- am-{X-ta- \n-dß-sf- Xn-cn-®d- n-bp-hm≥- \m-b° -v ƒ-°-v I-gn-bm-dp-≈q.F-∂m¬- C-cp-´n¬- Im-Wm-\p-≈- ti-jn- a-\pjyt\-°mƒ- h-fs - c-b[ - n-Ia- m-W-v F-∂X - m-W-v a-s‰m-cp{]-tXy-IX - .\m-b° v- f - p-sS- hm-en-s‚- \o-fhpw- B-Ir-Xn-bpsam-s°- ]-e- P\p-k-p-I-fn-epw- hy-Xy-kv-X-am-Wv.tUm-_¿-am≥,- tdm-´-v sh-be - ¿- Xp-Sß - n-b- P-\p-kpI-fp-sS- hm¬- P-\n-®v- 10˛12 Zn-hk - Ø - n-\I - w- i-kv{X-{In-bb - n-eq-sS- ap-dn-®p-If - b - p-Ib - m-Wv- ]-Xn-hv.- i-

\m-bv° - ƒ Acp-aI - ƒ tPm-k-^v- B‚-W- n-

co-cØ - n-\-v tbm-Pn-°m-Ø- hm¬- B-bX - n-\m-em-W-v A-ßs - \- sN-øp-∂X - .v B¨- \m-bv-°ƒ- ]n-∂-nse- H-cp- Im-ev- s]m°n- aq-{X-sam-gn-°m≥- Xp-Sß - p-tºmƒ- A-h\ - v- {]mb-]q¿-Øn-bm-bn- F-∂-v A-\p-am-\n-°mw.- X-s‚- km{am-Py-Øn-s‚- A-Xn-cp-If - n-se-√mw- A¬-∏m- ¬-]waq-{X-sam-gn-®-v B-[n-]X - yw- ÿm-]n-°p-∂- kz-`m-hw\m-b° -v ƒ-°-v Ah-cp-sS- ]q¿-hn-Ic- n¬-\n-∂pw- ]-I¿∂pIn-´n-b- kz-`m-hß - f - p-sS- Xp-S¿-®b - m-W.v G-It- Z-iw- 12˛14 a-Wn-°q¿- \o-≠p-\n¬-°p-∂Xm-W-v \m-b° -v f - p-sS- {]-kh - w.- H-cp- Ip-™-v ]n-d∂ - -v G-Xm-≠-v A-ca- W - n-°q¿- I-gn-™m-Ipw- A-Sp-Ø- Ip™v- ]n-d° - p-I.- km-[m-cW - - K-Xn-bn¬- c-≠p a- p-X¬10 h-sc- Ip-™p-߃- D-≠m-Ipw.- Hm-tcm- Ip-™pwsh-t∆-sd- B-hc- W - Ø - n-\p-≈n-em-W-v K¿-`] - m-{X-Øn\p-≈n¬- h-fc - p-I.- I-\w-Ip-d™ - sXm-en-t]m-sebp-≈- B-hc - W - Ø - n-\p-≈n-se- {Z-mh - I - Ø - n-em-WvIp-™p-߃- h-f-cp-I.- {]-kh--Øn¬- B-h-c-WwDƒ-s∏-sS-bm-W-v ]p-dØ - p-t]-mc- p- I - .\m-bv° - f - p-sS- Xz-°n¬- tkz-Z{- K-Ÿn-Iƒ- C-√F-∂X - m-W-v a-s‰m-cp- {]-tXy-IX - .- A-Xn-\m¬- \m-b-v

s{S≥-Uv-

]-´n-Iƒ-°pw- ]q-®-Iƒ-°pwA-g-Ip- Iq-´m≥- hn-Kvkp-\n-

Iq-sS- H-∏w- sIm-≠p- \-S-°p-∂- ]-´n-Iƒ-°pw- ]q-®-Iƒ-°pwB-I¿-jI - X - zw- Iq-´m≥- sh-∏p- ap-Sn-Iƒ.hn-hn-[- co-Xn-If - n-ep-≈- hn-Kp-Iƒ- hn-tZ-i- hn-]W - n-If - n¬- hym]-I-am-bn- e-`y-am-bn-Øp-S-ßn.- hn-hn-[- \n-d-ß-fn-ep-≈-h-bpw- ap-Sn]n-∂n-bn-´-Xpw- H-gp-°-\m-bn- sh-´n-bn-´-Xpw- F-√mw- e-`y-am-Wv.- ]-eUn-ssk-\pw- h-ep-∏-hpw.- Ip-™≥-am¿-°p- ]-‰n-b-Xp- ap-X¬- h-º∑m¿-°p- tN-cp-∂X - p- h-sc.- ap-∏X - p- tUm-fd- n-\p- ap-If - n-tem-´m-Wv- Ata-cn-°b - n¬- h-f¿-Øp- ar-Kß - ƒ-°m-bp-≈- hn-Kp-If - p-sS- hn-e.- izm\- {]-Z¿-\ß - ƒ-°pw- a-‰pw- izm-\∑ - m-sc- hn-Kpw- a-‰pw- h-®v- A-Wn-bns®m-cp-°n-bm-Wv- C-d° - p-∂X - v.- a-\p-jy¿-°p- h-bv° - p-∂- hn-Kv- ar-K߃-°p- ]n-Sn-∏n-°p-∂X - p- hn-Pb - n-°m-Xn-cp-∂X - n-\m-em-W-v ar-Kß - ƒ°p- {]-tXy-Ia- m-bn- hn-Kv- F-∂- B-ib - w- D-Ss - e-Sp-ØX - v.a-\p-jy¿-°m-bp-≈- ]-e- hn-K-v \n¿-am-Xm-°f - pw- ^m-j≥- Un-ssk\¿-am-cpw- Hm-a\ - - ar-Kß - ƒ-°m-bp-≈- hn-K-v \n¿-am-WØ - n-te-°pw- Xncn-bp-Ib - m-W.v -

°ƒ- hn-b¿-°m-dn-√.- \m-bv-°-fp-sS- Im-en-em-Wvtkz-Z{- K-Ÿn-Iƒ- ÿn-Xn-sN-øp-∂X - .v - \m-°-v ]p-dØ - n´v- A-W® - pw- hm-bn-eq-sS-bpw- \m-°n-eq-sS-bpw- D-an\o¿- B-hn-bm-°n- am-‰n-bp-am-Wv- \m-b° v- ƒ- tkz-Z{]-h¿-Ø\ - w- \-SØ - p-∂X - .v Hm-kv- s]-\o-kv- F-∂-dn-bs∏-Sp-∂- H-cp- F-√v\m-bv-°-fp-sS- P-\-t\-{µn-b-Øn¬- D-≠v- F-∂-XmWv- \m-bv-°-sf- a-‰p- ar-K-ß-fp-sS- i-co-c-im-kv-{XØn¬-\n-∂pw- th-dn-´p-\n¿-Øp-∂- L-S-Iw.- \m-bv°ƒ-°-v a-m{- X-ap-≈- {]-tXy-IX - b - m-WX - .v a-\p-jy-t\-°mƒ- 16 C-c´- n- tIƒ-hn-i‡ - n-bpw40 C-c´- n- {-Lm-Wi - ‡ - n-bpw- \m-b° -v ƒ-°-v D-≠.v - AXn¬-Øs - ∂-bm-Wv- C-Sn-an-∂¬,- hm-l\ - ß - f - q-sStlm¨ ap-g° - w,- sN-≠t- a-fw-,- sh-Sn-s°-´-v Xp-Sß - nb-h- tIƒ-°p-tºmƒ- \m-bv° - ƒ- A-kz-ÿc - m-IpI-bpw- hn-fd- n-]n-Sn-°p-Ib - pw- sN-øp-∂X - v.- H-cp- I-Xn\m- sh-Sn- a-\p-jy≥- tIƒ-°p-∂X - n-s‚- 16 C-c´- n- i_vZ- Ø - n¬- Im-Xn-te-°v- ]-Xn-°p-tºm-gp-≈- A-hÿ- B-tem-Nn-®p-t\m-°p-I.A-Sp-Ø- e-°Ø - n¬-:\m-b° -v s - f- sX-cs - ™-Sp-°¬.-


sabn≥ kv-t‰m-dn-

2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 01˛14

3

l¿-Pn- tIm-S-Xn- ]-cn-K-Wn-°p-tºmƒ- l¿-Pn-°m-c-\pIn-´p-∂- ]-_v-fn-kn-‰n-bn¬- Pv-Uv-Pn-°v- F-¥p- Im-cyw-?kp{- ]ow- tIm-SX- n-bn-epw- ssl-t°m-SX- n-If- n-epws]m-Xp-Xm-X] -v c- y- l¿-Pn-Iƒ- k-a¿-∏n-°s - ∏-Sptºmƒ- F-Xn¿-`m-Kw- D-S≥- hm-Zn-°p-∂X - pw- tImS-Xn- {]-Ya- Z- r-jS-v ym- Nq-≠n-°m-Wn-°p-∂X - pw- H‰-°m-cy-am-bn- am-dn-bn-cn-°p-∂p.- l¿-Pn- ]-_f -v nkn-‰n- e-£y-am-°n-bp-≈X - m-W!-v - l¿-Pn- X-≈m≥B- H-‰° - m-cyw- a-Xn-!!- - i-_Z-v a- n-√m-Øh - c- p-sS- i_vZ- w- s]m-Xp-Xm-X] -v c- y- l¿-Pn-bm-bn- \o-Xn-\ymb- hy-h-ÿ-bp-sS- Z-bm-Zm-£n-Wyw- tX-Sn- hcp-tºmƒ- ap-Jw- t\m-°m-sX- X-s∂- \o-Xn- \-SØn-∏v!- !- !- - l¿-Pn- k-a¿-∏n-°p-∂- I-£n-Iƒ-°vkzm-`m-hn-Ia- m-bn- D-≠m-Ip-∂- ]-_f v- n-kn-‰n-sb\ym-bm-[n-]∑ - m¿- F-¥n-\-v I-W° - n-se-Sp-°W - wF-∂X - m-Wv- tNm-Zyw.- A-h¿- A-°m-cy-Øn¬A-kz-ÿc - m-tI-≠X - p-t≠m-?- hn-jb - Ø - n-s‚tbm-Ky-Xb - n-te-°p- I-S° - m-sX- X-s∂- l¿-PnX-t≈-≠X - p-t≠m-?h-kv-Xp-X-Iƒ- l¿-Pn-°m-c-s\-Xn-s\-Xn-tc-bm-Iptºmƒ- \n-ba- w- hm-Zn-®p- Xp-Sß - p-Ib - m-W-v tImS-Xn-bn¬- A-`n-`m-jI - c- p-sS- Iu-ie - s- a-∂-v s]mXp-th- H-cp- ]-d-®n-ep-≠v.- F∂m¬- s]m-Xp-Xm-X] -v c- y- l¿Pn-I-fm-Ip-tºmƒ- A-Xn-s‚t]m-epw- B-hi - y-an-√m-Xm-bncn-°p-∂p.- k-a¿-∏n-°s- ∏-Sp-∂s]m-Xp-Xm-X] -v c- y- l¿-Pn- (]_vf - n-I-v C-‚d- à - -v en-‰n-tK-j≥/-]n¬-)-˛-bn-se- "-]n-'- ]-_v-fnIv- C-‚d- à - n-\p- ]-Ic - w- ]-_vfn-kn-‰n-t°m- ss]-kb - t-v °mth-≠n-bm-sW-∂- ap≥-hn-[nbm-Wv- kp-{]ow- tIm-S-Xn-bnse- P-Uv-Pn-am¿- Dƒ-∏-sS-bp≈- \ym-bm-[n-∑m¿- {]-IS- n-∏n®n-´p-≈X - .v l¿-Pn- k-a¿-∏n-°p-∂X - p- h-gn- Hcmƒ-°-v {]-kn-≤n-tbm- {]-Nmc-tam- (]-_v-fn-kn-‰n-)- e-`n®m¬- X-s∂- A-Xp-sIm-≠vtIm-SX - n-°v- F-¥m-Wv- {]-iv\-sa-∂-v km-[m-cW - ° - m¿- A¤p-Xs - ∏-Sp-∂p.- A-ßs - \- hcp-tºmƒ- {]-kn-≤n- \n-tcm-[n°-s∏-tS-≠- A-h-ÿ-bmtWm- F-∂- tNm-Zyw- Iq-Sn- DZn-°p-∂p.- tI-cf - - ssl-t°mS-Xn-bn-epw- kp-{]ow- tIm-SX - nbn-epw- P-\X - m-X] -v c- y-ap-≈- ]e- hn-jb - ß - f - pw- s]m-Xp-XmXv-]-cy- l¿-Pn-I-fm-bn-´m-Wvk-a¿-∏n-°s - ∏-´n-´p-≈X - v.- AsXm-∂pw- ]-_f -v n-kn-‰n-°-v th≠n-bp-≈X - m-bn-cp-∂n-√.- hn-jb-߃-°-v Xm-s\- e-`n-°p-∂]-_vf - n-kn-‰n- X-Sb - m-\p-am-In√.]-_f -v n-kn-‰n-sb-∂X - -v H-cmƒ- X-\ntb- D-≠m-°p-Ib - m-sW-¶n¬tIm-S-Xn-bp-sS- \n-e-]m-Sn-\vA-e] -v s - a-¶n-epw- km-[p-Xb - ps≠-∂p- I-cp-Xmw.- A-Xn-\vl¿-Pn-°m-c≥- tI-kn-s\-°p-dn-®v- Ip-d™ - ]£w- t\m-´o-k-v A-Sn-®p- hn-Xc- W - w- sN-øp-It- bmA-Yh - m- ssa-°p- h-®p- sI-´n- hn-fn-®p- Iq-hn- \S-°p-It- bm- th-Ww-!- ]-_f v- n-kn-‰n-°v- am-[y-awA-Xym-hi - y-am-W.v - \q-dp- I-W° - n-\-v am-[y-aß - fp-≠v.- A-h- l¿-Pn-°m-c-s‚- \n-b-{¥-W-Ønep-a√ - .- \-√- {]-hr-Øn-Iƒ-°-v {]-kn-≤n-bpw- NoØ- {]-hr-Øn-Iƒ-°v- hn-e- Ip-d-™- {]-kn≤n-bpw- (Ip-{]-kn-≤n-)- D-≠m-Ip-sa-∂p-≈X - v- hkvX - p-X.tI-cf - - ssl-t°m-SX - n-bn¬- ]-cn-KW - b - n-en-cn-°p-∂sI.-Fw.-am-Xyp-hpw- a-‰p- \m-ep- t]-cpw- A-`n.- tIc-f- kw-ÿm-\- k¿-°m-cpw- a-‰p- c-≠p- t]-cpw({In-an-\¬- Fw.-kn- \-º¿- 3385/-2006)- F-∂hy-hl - m-cØ - n¬- Un-^m-It-v Sm- Iw-πb - n-\‚ - -v ka¿-∏n-®n-´p-≈- F-Xn¿- k-Xy-hm-Mva- q-eØ - n-sehm-Zß - ƒ- C-Øc- p-WØ - n¬- {i-t≤-bß - f - m-W.v ! Hm-tcm- hy-‡n-If - p-tS-bpw- {]-Ir-Xn-°pw- kz-`mh-Øn-\pw- {]-hr-Øn-°pw- {]-IS- \ - Ø - n-\pw- A\p-kr-X-am-bm-Wv- {]-kn-≤n-tbm- Ip-{]-kn-≤ntbm- e-`n-°p-∂X - .v - a-‰p-≈h - t- cm- A-Yh - m- am-[yß-tfm- B-Wv- ]-_v-fn-kn-‰n- \-ev-Ip-∂-Xv.- A√m-sX- _-‘-s∏-´- hy-‡n- X-s∂-Øm≥- A√.- ]-_vf - n-kn-‰n- X-Sb - m≥- a-‰p-≈- hy-‡n-If - n-

tem- am-[y-a-ß-fn-tem- B¿-°pw- \n-b-{¥-Wan-√.- A-sXm-cp- A-hÿ - b - pw- co-Xn-bpw- kzm-`mhn-I- {]-{In-bb - p-am-W.v - ]-_f -v n-kn-‰n-°-v H-cp- am[y-aw- th-≠X - p-≠.v -

conduct. 3. an infamous act or circumstance. As everybody knows, usually a government servant or a person in higher avocation may not 4. Law. loss of rights, incurred by conviction file public interest writ petitions for the benof an infamous offense. American Heritage efit of common or downtrodden people due Dictionary explains as: 1. Evil fame or reputo their occupational restrictions or such other tation. 2. The condition of being infamous. constraints. Usually public hearted persons 3. An evil or criminal act that is publicly without any bond only can approach the conknown. As per Roget's New Millennium Thecerned forum fearlessly for justice against the saurus, Infamy's Synonyms are abomination, impropriety of public authority or governatrocity, bad reputation, disapprobation, disment officers, violation of fundamental rights, credit, disesteem, disgrace, dishonor, disrecrime, corruption etc. Actually PILs are the pute, enormity, evil, ignominy, immorality, voice of the voiceless and appreciated from impropriety, notoriety, notoriousness, oblodifferent corners. Moreover PILs are usually quy, odium, opprobrium, outrageousness, filed for legitimate needs of the people only. scandal, shame, stigma, villainy and wickedI-£n-I-fp-sS- ]-_v-fn-kn-‰n- cp-Nn-°m-Ø- \ym-bmness.

Getting Publicity or Cheap publicity to one may according to the nature, character, action and performance of each person. Good actions may get promotional Publicity and bad actions may get demotional Cheap Publicity or Infamy ie. Evil fame or public reputation (kupprasidhi) also. Publicity is extending by others or media and not by the concerned person himself. No one has control over other people and media to hinder Publicity. It is a condition, mode and natural process. There ! s]mXp-Xm-Xv]cy l¿Pn ^b¬ sNøp-∂Xv should be a medium for the publicity.

! ]_vfn-kn-‰n°v hnhn[ \nL≠p°ƒ \evIp∂ A¿Y--߃: According to Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.0.1) Publicity means 1. extensive mention

{Inan-\¬ \S-]-Sntbm \mW-t°tSm A√. l¿Pn-If - n¬ Nq≠n-°m-´n-bn-cn-°p∂ hkvXpX-I-fpsS k-Xy-hm-ZnXzw tImS-Xn°v Xn´w hcp-Øm-hp-∂t- X-bp-≈p. tIkv ]cn-KW - n-°p-

[n-]∑ - m¿- A-X\ - p-kc - n-®v- kz-bw- \-bw- \-S∏ - m°p-Ib - pw- th-≠n- h-cpw.- s]m-Xp- ]-cn-]m-Sn-IƒD-ZL -v m-S\ - w- sN-øm-\pw- {]-kw-Kn-°m-\pw- a-‰pwt]m-Ip-Ib - n-s√-∂p- Xo-cp-am-\n-°p-I- X-s∂- AXn¬- B-Zy-tØ-X.v - s]m-Xp- ]-cn-]m-Sn-If - n¬- ]s¶-Sp-°p-Ib - pw- sS-en-hnj-\n-epw- a-‰pw- {]-`m-jW - ߃- \-SØ - p-Ib - pw- sNøp-∂X - -v A-h¿-°-v ]-_f -v nkn-‰n- am-{X-a√ - - D-≠m-°p∂-Xv,- A-h¿- Nn-e- Im-cyß-fn-se-¶n-epw- ]-£] - mX-]c- a- m-bn- s]-cp-am-dp-sa∂- B-i-¶-bpw- Zp-jv-t]cpw- Iq-Sn-bm-W-v ]-S¿-Øp∂-Xv.- tIm-S-Xn-bn¬- am{Xw- ]-d-tb-≠- A-`n-{]mb-߃- s]m-Xp- th-Zn-Ifn¬- hn-ft- º-≠X - n-√.- PUvP - n-am-bn-cn-°p-∂- Im-etØm-fw- tIm-S-Xn-bv-°p≈n¬- am-{X-am-Wv- \n-ba- ß-fpw- h-kv-Xp-X-I-fpwhym-Jym-\n-t°-≠X - pw- DØ-ch - p-If - pw- hn-[n-If - pw{]- J ym- ] n- t °- ≠ - X pw.tIm-SX - n-°p- ]p-dØ - p-≈G-Xp- \-S] - S- n-bpw- P-UP -v nam-cp-sS- Nm-bh -v -v ap≥-Iq-´nsh-fn-s∏-Sp-Øp-sa-∂pkm-[m-cW - - P-\ß - ƒ- Icp-Xn-bm¬- sX-‰p-]-d-bm\m-In-√.sS-en-hn-j≥- \yq-kv- Nm\-ep-Iƒ- hym-]-I-am-btXm-Sp- Iq-Sn- A-\-h-k-cß-fn¬- tIm-SX - n-bn-en-cp∂p- A-\m-hi - y- {]-kX -v mh-߃- \-SØ - n- "-^f -v m-j-v \yq-k'-v - h-cp-Øm-\p-≈- {ia-hpw- ]-e- P-UP -v n-am¿-°nS-bn¬- C-t∏mƒ- hym-]I - am-W.v - A-sXm-∂pw- A-hkm-\- hn-[n-bn¬- Im-Wmdp-an-√.- kv-{Io-\n¬- kvt{Imƒ- sN-øn-°m≥- ]-cph-Øn¬- hm-N-I-߃- Xp-d-∂- tIm-S-Xn-bn-encp-∂p- ]-db - pw.- tI-kn-s‚- hn-hc- ß - f - n-te-°-v Bg-Øn-te-°-v t]m-Im≥- tNm-Zy-ßf - pw- I-a‚ - p-Ifpw- B-Im-sa-∂- \n-e] - m-Sm-Wv- C-Øc - w- PvU - vPn-am¿- kzo-Ic- n-°p-I.- ]-d™ X - n-\p- hn-]c- o-Xam-bn- hm¿-Ø- h-∂m¬- Xn-cp-Øm≥- \n¿-tZ-in°p-I- t]m-ep-an-√.- F-ß-s\-bm-bm-epw- ]-_vfn-kn-‰n- a-Xn-sb-∂- \n-e] - m-Sv- B-sW-¶n¬- Fs¥-Sp-°m≥-?tI-kn-s‚- hm¿-Ø- ]-{X-ßf - n-epw- sS-en-hn-j\ - n-epwtd-Un-tbm-bn-epw- h-cp-tºmƒ- ]-et- ∏m-gpw- I£n-If - p-sS- t]-cv- Im-Wm-dn-s√-¶n-epw- PvU - vP - nam-cp-sS- t]-cp- Im-Wpw.- A-ß-s\- In-´p-∂- ]_v-fn-kn-‰n- th-s≠-∂v- B-cpw- ]-d-bm-dp-an-√.l¿-Pn- k-a¿-∏n-®b - mƒ-°v- ]-_vf - n-kn-‰n-tbm-SvA-Xym-k‡ - n- (]-_f v- n-kn-‰n- am-\n-b)- - B-sW∂p- ]-db - m≥- D-t±-in-®v- B-th-iw- aq-Øv- ]-_vfn-kn-‰n-tbm-Sv- `-bw- (]-_vf - n-kn-‰n- t^m-_n-b)- B-sW-∂p- hn-[n-bn¬- hy-‡a- m-bn- tc-Js - ∏Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≈- \ym-bm-[n-]\ - pw- D-≈- \m-Sm-WvtI-cf - w-!- A-ßt- \-bpw- H-cp- ]-_f v- n-kn-‰n.-

∂-Xn\v tIkn-s‚tbm l¿Pn-°m-c-t‚tbm in the news media or by word of mouth or bikv ASn-ÿm-\a- m-°c - p-Xv. tImS-Xn-bpsS other means of communication. 2. public ASn-ÿm\w \oXn-bp-‡Xbpw \ymbhpw notice so gained. 3. the measures, process, or am{X-am-bn-cn-°W - w. business of securing public notice. 4. information, articles, or advertisements issued to This respondent had not indulged in any kind of evil or criminal or shameful act to get cheap secure public notice or attention. 5. the state publicity as alleged. According to this responof being public, or open to general observadents' humble knowledge, filing Public Intion or knowledge. American Heritage Dicterest Litigation is not a sin and not a crimitionary explains as 1. a. Information that connal or shameful act. The Hon'ble Court has cerns a person, group, event, or product and the full authority to go through and verify the that is disseminated through various media veracity of the alleged facts and substance to attract public notice. b. Public interest, behind the petitions. After considering the notice, or notoriety achieved by the spreadgravity and prima facie nature of allegations ing of such information. c. The act, process, the Hon'ble Court can take a decision in the or occupation of disseminating information case. Publicity of the case or fame of the peto gain public interest. 2. The condition of titioner should not be the base of considerbeing public. ! Ip{]-kn-≤n°v hnhn[ \nL≠p°ƒ \evIp∂ ation. Fairness and justice only will be the A¿Y--߃: foundation of court of law. According to Dictionary.com Unabridged (v ! F√m- h ¿°pw Adn- b m- h p- ∂ Xp t]mse sXmgn¬]c-amb \nb-{¥-Wß - f - m¬ km[m1.0.1) Infamy means 1. extremely bad repucW KXn-bn¬ k¿°m¿ Poh-\-°mtcm (tI-c-f- ssl-t°m-S-Xn- tI-{µ-am-bn- Zo-]n-I,- ho-£tation, public reproach, or strong condemDb¿∂ sXmgn-se-Sp-°p-∂h - tcm s]mXp-XmWw- Zn-\-]-{X-ß-fp-sS- \n-b-a-Im-cy- te-J-I-\m-bnnation as the result of a shameful, criminal, Xv]cy l¿Pn-Iƒ ^b¬ sNøm-dn-√. Zo¿-L-Im-ew- {]-h¿-Øn-®n-´p-≠v- te-J-I≥-.)or outrageous act. 2. infamous character or


4

km-º-Øn-Iw-

cm-P yw- km-º-Øn-I- am-µywt\-cn-Sp-∂n√: Nn-Zw-_-cwcm-Pyw- km-º-Øn-I-am-µyw- t\-cn-Sp-∂n-s√-∂pw- hn-]-Wnbn¬- \n-e\ - n¬-°p-∂X - v- H-cp- th-Kw- Ip-db - ¬- am-{X-am-sW-∂pwtI-{µ- a-{¥n- ]n- Nn-Zw-_c- w.- sN-ss∂-bn¬- `m-cX - o-b- bp-hi - ‡ - n{S-k‰-v -v D-ZL -v m-S\ - w-sN-bX -v p- \-SØ - n-b- {]-`m-jW - Ø - n-em-W-v a-{¥nC-°m-cyw- kq-Nn-∏n-®X - v.B-tKm-fh - n-]W - n-bn¬- \n-e\ - n¬-°p-∂- km-ºØ - n-I- {]-Xnk-‘n-sb- {]-Xn-tcm-[n-°p-∂X - n-s‚- `m-Ka- m-bn- Iq-Sp-X¬- I-cp-Xep-If - pw- Xo-cp-am-\ß - f - pw- F-Sp-t°-≠X - m-bn- h-cpw.- C-Øc - w- Xocp-am-\ß - f - n-eq-sS-tb- B-`y-¥c- h - n-]W - n-bn-se- B-hi - yw- i-‡a- m°n- \n-e\ - n¿-Øm-\m-Iq.- \n-Ip-Xn- kw-_‘ - a- m-b- Xo-cp-am-\ß - ƒk¿-°m-cpw- [-\] - c- a- m-b- Xo-cp-am-\ß - ƒ- dn-k¿-h-v _m-¶-v Hm-^-v C¥y-bpw- ssI-s°m-≈p-Ib - p-am-W-v sN-øp-∂X - .v - hm-b] -v I - f - p-sS- Gdn-b] - ¶ - pw- ssI-Im-cyw- sN-øp-∂X - -v s]m-Xp-ta-Je - m- _m-¶p-If - m-sW¶n-epw- _m-¶-v C-Xc- h - m-b] -v I - s- f-bpw- am-µyw- {]-Xn-k‘ - n-bn-em-°n.hm-b] v- I - f - p-sS- hn-Xc - W - w- kp-Ka- a- m-°n-Xo¿-Øp-sIm-≠v- hn]-Wn-bn-te-°p-≈- ]-WØ - n-s‚- H-gp-°-v i-‡a- m-°W - w- C-Xn-s‚`m-Ka- m-bn- Iq-Sp-X¬- kp-c£ - m- ]-≤X - n-Iƒ- A-\p-hZ- n-°m≥- k¿°m-cpw- B¿-_n-sF-bpw- ssI-tIm¿-Øp- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-sa-∂pwa-{¥n- Iq-´n-t®¿-Øp.sF-F≥-Pn- ssh-iy- A-‰m-Zm-b-Øn¬22 i-X-am-\w- h-f¿-®sF-F≥-Pn- ssh-iy- _m-¶n-s‚- aq-∂mw- ]m-Z-Øn-se- A‰m-Zm-bw- ap≥- h¿-jw- C-tX- Im-eb - f - h - n-te-Xn-t\-°mƒ- 22%- h¿[n-®v- 82.-1 tIm-Sn- cq-]b - m-bn.- ap≥- h¿-jw- 42.-8 tIm-Sn- cq-]b - m-bncp-∂p- A-‰m-Zm-bw.- ]-en-i- C-\Ø - n-ep-≈- h-cp-am-\w- 19%- h¿-[n-®v172.-7 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bpw- ^o-kn-\-Øn¬- 56%- h¿-[n-®v- 149.-1 tIm-Sncq-]-bp-am-bn.- ^o-kn-\-Øn-e-\p-`-h-s∏-´- h≥- h-cp-am-\- h¿-[-\hm-W-v _m-¶n-s‚- Xn-f° - a- m¿-∂- h-f¿-®b - ° -v -v \n-Zm-\s - a-∂-v am-t\Pn-ß-v U-bd- I - S-v ¿- thm-¨- dn-tjm¿- ]-d™ p.- ]-en-ib - n¬- \n-∂p≈- h-cp-am-\- h¿-[\ - h - pw- C-Xn¬- ]-¶p-hl - n-®p.- I-gn-™- 12 am-kØn-\I - w- 45 ]p-Xn-b- im-JI - f - pw- 111 F-Sn-FΩ - pw- Xp-Sß - n.-

6000 tIm-Sn- {]-Xn-h¿-j- Nn-´n- k-essI-h-cn-°m≥- sI-F-kv-F-^v-CA-Sp-Øh- ¿-jw- am¿-t®m-sS- 6000 tIm-Sn- {]-Xn-h¿-j- Nn-´nk-e- ssI-hc- n-°m≥- ]-≤X - n-bn-´X - m-bn- sI-Fk - F -v ^ - C -v .- Cu-h¿jw- am¿-®n¬- {]-Xn-h¿-j- Nn-´n- k-e- 4200 tIm-Sn- I-hn-bpw.I-gn-™- h¿-jw- s]m-t∂m-W- Nn-´n-bn-eq-sS- 91 tIm-Sn-bpw,tI-cf - ∏ - n-dh - n-Zn-\Ø - n¬- B-cw-`n-®- {]-hm-kn- _-‘p- Nn-´n-bn-eqsS- 55 tIm-Sn-bpw- C-Xp-hs - c- k-am-lc - n-°m≥- I-gn-™X - m-bn- A[n-Ir-X¿- ]-d™ p.- {]-hm-kn-_‘ - p- Nn-´n-Iƒ- P-\p-hc- n- 31˛-\-v Ah-km-\n-®p.- h≥-In-S- _n-kn-\k - p-Im¿,- {Km-ao-W- I¿-jI - ¿,- sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ- Xp-Sß - n-bh - s - c- B-I¿-jn-°m≥- C-Øc - w- Nn-´n-Iƒ°p- I-gn-™n-´p-≠.v -

an-I® - - G-jy≥- _m-¶nw-Kv- sh-_s v- sk-‰vA-hm¿-Uv- ku-Øv- C-¥y≥- _m-¶n-\vGj - y-bn-se- an-I® - - _m-¶nw-Kv- sh-_s v- sk-‰v- sX-cs - ™-Sp°m≥- knw-K∏ - q-cn-se- G-jy≥- _m-¶nw-K-v B≥-U-v ss^-\m≥-k-v am-kn-I- \-SØ - n-b- a-’c- Ø - n¬- ku-Ø-v C-¥y≥- _m-¶n-s‚- www.sou-th-in-di - a- n-ba- n-k.-com- G-‰h - pw- an-I® - - sh-_s -v sk-‰m-bn- sXc-s™-Sp-°s - ∏-´p.ku-Øv- C-¥y≥- _m-¶n-s‚- hn-hc - k - m-t¶-Xn-I- hn-`m-KØ - ns‚- ta-[m-hn-bpw- sU-]yq-´n- P-\-d¬- am-t\-P-cp-am-b- F.-Pn.-h¿Ko-k-v knw-K∏ - q-cn¬- \-S∂ - - N-Sß - n¬- _m-¶n-\p- th-≠n- A-hm¿-U-v kzo-Ic- n-®p.- C-S] - m-Sp-Im-cp-sS- ku-Ic- ym¿-Yw- G-‰h - pw- an-I® - X - pw- D]-t`m-‡r- ku-lr-Z] - c- h - p-am-b- sh-_s-v sk-‰-v \n¿-an-°m≥- A-£oWw- {]-h¿-Øn-®n-cp-∂- X-ßf - p-sS- So-an-\v- B-Àm-ZI - c - a- m-b- hm¿Ø-bm-Wn-sX-∂v- _m-¶v- am-t\-Pnw-Kv- U-bd- Œ - d- pw- No-^v- F-Ik v- nIyq-´o-h-v Hm-^o-kd- p-am-b- tUm.-hn.-F.-tPm-k^ - -v {]-Xn-Ic- n-®p.I-gn-™- Un-kw-_-dn¬- \-S-Øn-b- _n.-Sn- ˛- sI.-]n.-Fw.-Pnk¿-th-bn¬- B-kX v- n-If - p-sS- Kp-Wt- a-∑b - n¬- kz-Im-cy-_m-¶nwKv- ta-Je - b - n-se- G-‰h - pw- an-I® - - _m-¶m-bn- ku-Ø-v C-¥y≥- _m¶v- sX-cs - ™-Sp-°s - ∏-´n-cp-∂p.-

2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 01˛14

km-∂n-≤yw- Iq-Sp-X¬- hn-]p-e-am-°m≥tI-c-f-Øn¬- F-kv- _n- sF- sse-^vA-cp¨- tPm-kv-

tI-cf- Ø - n-se- km-∂n-[ywIq-Sp-X¬- hn-]p-ea- m-°m-\p-≈- \S-]-Sn-Iƒ- F-kv- _n- sF- sse^v- C≥-jp-d≥-kv- I-º\ - n- en-an-‰Uv- B-cw-`n-®p.- cm-Py-sØ- c-≠ma-sØ- G-‰h - pw- h-en-b- kz-Im-cysse-^-v C≥-jp-d≥-k-v I-º\ - n-bmb- F-k-v _n- sF- sse-^n-\-v kwÿm-\-Øv- C-t∏mƒ- 31 im-J-Ifm-W-v D-≈X - .v - anI- h p- ‰ - 5600 C≥-jp-d≥-kvA-ssUz-k¿-amcpw.- C-h-bv-°v]p-ds - a- tI-cf - Ø - n¬- A-tßm-fan-tßm-f-ap-≈- tÃ-‰v- _m-¶v- {Kq∏v- im-JI - ƒ- h-gn-bpw- F-kv- _nsF- sse-^v- D¬-∏-∂-߃- hnX-cW - w- sN-øp-∂p-≠.v I-gn-™- Un-kw-_-dn¬- Ah-km-\n-®- h¿-j-Øn¬- tI-c-fØn¬- \n-∂v- 250 tIm-Sn- cq-]b - psS- ]p-Xn-b- _n-kn-\k - -v {]o-an-bwk-am-lc - n-°m≥- I-º\ - n-°v- I-gn™p.- \-S∏ - p- km-ºØ - n-I- h¿-jwA-h-km-\-tØm-sS- C-Xv- C-c-´nbm-°p-Ib - m-W-v e-£yw.sse-^-v C≥-jp-d≥-k-v D¬-∏∂-ßs- f- ]-‰n-bp-≈- k-a{- K- ⁄m\w,- an-I® - - hn-]W - \ - - X-{¥-߃,hn-]W - m-\¥ - c - - tk-h\ - w- F-∂nh-bn¬- C≥-jp-d≥-kv- A-ssUzk¿-am¿-°-v I-º\ - n- Xo-{h-]c- n-ioe-\w- \¬-Ip-∂p-≠v.- an-I® - - C≥jp-d≥-kv- A-ssUz-k¿-am-sc- Is≠-Øm-\p- B-Zc- n-°m-\pw- I-º\n- cm-Py-Øn-s‚- hn-hn-[- `m-Kß - fn¬- sa-Km-ta-fI - ƒ- \-SØ - m-dp-≠.v X-ßf - p-sS- _n-kn-\k - -v ]-¶mfn-If - p-sS- D¬-∏m-Z\ - £ - a- X - m- \ne-hm-cw- hy-h-km-b-Øn-se- X-

s∂- G-‰h - pw- an-I® - X - m-sW-∂-v dos´-b¬ v - G-P≥-kn- B≥-U-v C≥Ãn-‰yq-jW - ¬- A-eb - ≥-k-v I-¨{Sn- sl-Uv- cm-Po-hv- Kp-]v-X- ]-d™p.- {_m≥-Uv- kv-s{S-Mv-Xv- BWv- C-Xn-\p- Im-c-Ww.- kw-ÿm\-sØ- Iq-Sp-X¬- P-\-߃-°vsse-^-v C≥-jp-d≥-k-v {]-Xn-hn-[nIƒ- e-`y-am-°p-∂X - n¬- ]-¶m-fnI-fm-Im≥- Zo¿-Lh - o-£W - a- p-≈C≥-jp-d≥-k-v A-ssUz-k¿-am-scA- t ±- l w- £Wn-®p.D-b¿-∂km-£-c-Xm- \ne-hm-c-hpw- P-\kw-Jy-bpw- I-W-°n-se-Sp-°ptºmƒ- tI-cf - w- sse-^v- C≥-jpd≥-k-v _n-kn-\k - n-\-v G-‰h - pw- IqSp-X¬- km-≤y-Xb - p-≈- kw-ÿm\-am-W.v - A-Xp-sIm-≠p-Xs- ∂- tIc-fw- X-߃-°v- ap≥-KW - \ - m- hn]-Wn-bp-am-W.v - an-I® - - _n-kn-\k - -v {]-I-S-\-am-Wv- tI-c-f-Øn-t‚-Xv.100 i-Xa- m-\w- _n-kn-\k - v- h-f¿®- X-߃- e-£y-an-Sp-∂X - pw- AXn-\m-em-sW-∂v- A-t±-lw- ]-d™p.an-ey-¨- tUm-f¿- du-≠v- tS_nƒ- Aw-K-ß-fp-sS- F-Æ-Øns‚- Im-cy-Øn¬- F-kv- _n- sFsse-^n-\v- B-tKm-f-X-e-Øn¬C-t∏mƒ- aq-∂mw- dm-¶n-ßm-Wp-≈Xv.- 40000 F-kv- _n- sF- sse^v- C≥-jp-d≥-kv- A-ssUz-k¿am-cn¬- 1662 t]¿- an-ey-¨- tUmf¿- du-≠-v tS-_nƒ- Aw-KX - z-Øn\v- tbm-Ky-X- t\-Sn.- A-h-cn¬-Xs∂- 124 t]¿- tIm¿-´v- Hm-^v- tS_n-fpw- 20 t]¿- tSm-]v- Hm-^v- tS_n-fp-am-W.v C-¥y-bn-se- {]-ap-J- td-‰n-MvG-P≥-kn-bm-b- {In-kn-en-s‚- {Sn-

∏nƒ- F- tÃ-_nƒ- td-‰n-Mv- I-gn™- h¿-jw- F-k-v _n- sF- sse^n-\v- e-`n-®p.- t]m-fn-kn- D-S-a-Itfm-Sp-≈- Np-a-X-e-Iƒ- \n-d-th‰m≥- ]-cym-]v-X-am-b- I-cp-Øp-‰km-ºØ - n-Im-Sn-Ød- - B-W-v Cutd-‰n-ßn-\v- \n-Zm-\w.-{]-kX v- p-X- Db¿-∂- td-‰n-Mv- e-`n-°p-∂- B-ZyC≥-jp-d≥-kv- I-º\ - n-bm-Wv- Fkv- _n- sF- sse-^v.s¢-bnw-k-v Xp-I- \¬-Ip-∂X - n\p-≈- an-I® - - Im-cy-£X - b - ° -v -v {]ap-J- td-‰n-Mv- G-P≥-kn-bm-b- C{I- Cu-bn-sS- F-kv- _n- sFsse-^n-\-v sF-{Sn-∏nƒ-F- td-‰n-M-v \¬-Ip-Ib - p-≠m-bn.- Hu-´e -v p-°a-v Wn- F≥- Un- Sn- hn- t{]m-^n-‰ns‚- s_-Ãv- sse-^v- C≥-jp-d¿2008 A-hm¿-Upw- F-k-v _n- sFsse-^n-\m-W-v e-`n-®X - .v - G-‰h - pw]p-Xn-b- sF- B¿- Un- F- dn-t∏m¿´v- {]-Im-cw- I-gn-™- h¿-jw- \hw-_¿- h-sc-bp-≈- Im-e-b-fhn¬- ]p-Xn-b- _n-kn-\k - v- {]o-anb-Øn¬- 78.-13 i-X-am-\w- (3291.98 tIm-Sn- cq-])- - h-f¿-®t- bm-sS- Fkv- _n- sF- sse-^n-\v- kz-Imcy- sse-^v- C≥-jp-d¿-am-cn¬- c≠mw- ÿm-\a- m-Wp-≈X - .v - I-º\ - nbp-sS- sam-Øw- hn-]W - n- ]-¶m-fnØw- 7.-26 i-X-am-\w- B-Wv.- kzIm-cy- I-º\ - n-Iƒ-°n-Sb - n¬- C-X-v 16.-33 i-Xa- m-\h - pw.tÃ-‰v- _m-¶v- Hm-^v- C≥-Uybp-tS-bpw- _n- F≥- _n- ]-cn-_mkv- A-jz-d≥-kn-s‚-bpw- kw-bp‡- kw-c-`-am-b- F-kv- _n- sFsse-^v- C≥-jp-d≥-kn-s‚- samØw- aq-e-[-\-Øn¬- F-kv- _nsF-°-v 74 i-Xa- m-\w- Hm-lc- n-bmWp-≈X - v.- _n- F≥- _n- ]-cn-_mkn-\v- 26 i-Xa- m-\h - pw.F-kv- _n- sF- sse-^n-s‚-

{io-dmw- {Sm≥-kv-t]m¿-´v- ^n-\m≥-kv- aq-∂mw]m-Z-Øn¬- 48.-22%- h-cp-am-\- h-f¿-®{io-dmw- {Sm≥-kt-v ]m¿-´-v ^n-\m≥-k-v I-º\- n°v- 2008 Un-kw-_¿- 31˛-\v- A-h-km-\n-®- aq-∂mw]m-Z-Øn¬- 48.-22%- h-cp-am-\- h-f¿-®.- 972.-85 tImSn- cq-]b - m-Wv- Cu- ]m-ZØ - n¬- I-º\ - n-bp-sS- h-cpam-\w.- ap≥-h¿-jw- C-Xv- 656.-36 tIm-Sn- am-{X-am-bncp-∂p.\n-Ip-Xn-°-v ti-ja- p-≈- em-`w- ap≥-h¿-jt- Ø°mƒ- 34.-88 i-Xa- m-\w- h-f¿-∂v- 149.-31 tIm-Sn- cq-]bn-se-Øn.- B-Zy- aq-∂p- ]m-Zß - f - n-se- sam-Øh - cp-am-\w- 58.-84%- h-f¿-∂v- 2,-697.-14 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bmbn.- \n-Ip-Xn-°v- ti-ja- p-≈- em-`Ø - n-em-Is - ´- 64.-

96 i-Xa- m-\w- h¿-[\ - h - p-≠m-bn.- ap≥-h¿-jw- B-Zyaq-∂p- ]m-Zß - f - n-se- em-`w- 277.-97 tIm-Sn-bm-bn-cp∂p.- Cu- h¿-ja- m-Is - ´- em-`w- 458.-54 tIm-Sn- cq-]bm-bn.I-¨k - yq-a¿- ^n-\m≥-k,v - sse-^-v C≥-jq-d≥kv,- P-\d- ¬- C≥-jq-d≥-kv,- tÃm-°v- t{_m-°nw-Kv,Un-kS-v n-_yq-j≥- cw-Kß - f - n¬- km-∂n-[y-ap-≈- {iodmw- {Kq-∏n-s‚- ^vf - m-Kj -v n-∏-v I-º\ - n-bm-W-v {io-dmw{Sm≥-kt-v ]m¿-´-v ^n-\m≥- kv- I-º\ - n- en-an-‰U - .v - 2008 Un-kw-_¿- 31˛-se- I-W° - p-If - \ - p-kc- n-®-v I-º\ - nssI-Im-cyw- sN-øp-∂- sam-Øw- \n-t£-]ß - f - p-sSaq-eyw- 22,-796 tIm-Sn- cq-]b - m-Wv.-

F-kv-_n-Sn-bp-sS- A-‰m-Zm-bw- 415.-81 tIm-Sn- cq-]tÉ- -v _m-¶-v Hm-^-v {Sm-h≥-Iq¿- 2008 Un-kw-_¿- am-kØ - n-eh - k - m-\n-°p-∂- H≥]-X-v am-k- Im-eb - f - h - n¬- A-‰m-Zm-bØ - n-epwhm-b] -v m-˛\ - n-t£-]ß - f - n-epw- A-`n-hr-≤n- tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠p-≈- km-ºØ - n-I- ^e-߃- {]-Jym-]n-®p.- U-bd- I - Sv- ¿- t_m¿Uv- tbm-Ka- m-W-v \-S∏ - p-km-ºØ - n-I- h¿-jwaq-∂mw- ss{X-am-kn-IØ - n-se- _m-¶n-s‚{]-IS- \ - w- tc-Js- ∏-Sp-Øn-bX - .v 2007 Un-kw-_-dn-se- 236.-91 tIm-Sncq-]-sb- A-t]-£n-®v- 75.-51i-X-am-\w- hf¿-®t- bm-sS- 2008 Un-kw-_¿- am-kØ - ne-hk - m-\n-°p-∂- H≥-]X - -v am-k- Im-eb - f - hn¬- 415.-81 tIm-Sn- cq-]b - p-sS- A-‰m-Zm-bwssI-hc- n-®p.- _m-¶n-s‚- sam-Øh - c- p-am-\w3,-439 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bn-se-Øn.- ap≥-h¿-jsØ- 82.-82 tIm-Sn-bp-sS- ÿm-\Ø - v- Cuh¿-jw- k-am-\- ss{X-am-kn-I- A-‰m-Zm-bw26.-86 tIm-Sn-cq-]b - m-bn- D-b¿-∂p.2007 Un-kw-_-dn¬- 2.-14 i-X-am-\wB-bn-cp-∂- _m-¶n-s‚- sam-Øw- \n-j{-v Inb- B-kvX - n- c-≠p- i-Xa- m-\w- B-bn- Ip-d-

™p.- A-k¬- \n-j{v- In-b- B-kX v- n- 2008 Unw-k_ - d- n¬- 1.-15%- Øn¬- \n¬-°p-∂p.2007 Un-kw-_¿- A-¥y-Øn¬- 61,-241 tIm-Sn-cq-]b - m-bn-cp-∂- _m-¶n-s‚- k-a{- Khym-]m-cw- 2008 Un-kw-_¿- A-¥y-Øn¬70,-000 tIm-Sn- I-hn-™v- 71,-100 tIm-Sn- cq]-bn-se-Øn.-_m-¶n-s‚- \n-t£-]- A-SnØ-d- 39,-729 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bn-se-Øn.- _m¶n-s‚- sam-Øw- hm-bv] - I - ƒ- 30,-882 tImSn- cq-]b - n-se-Øn.- ap≥-KW - \ - m- hn-`m-K- hmbv] - I - ƒ- 12,-923 tIm-Sn- cq-]b - n-se-Øn.kz-bw- k-lm-b- kw-Lß - ƒ-°p-≈hm-b] -v m- ta-Je - b - n-epw- _m-¶-v h-en-b- t\´w- ssI-hc - n-®p.- _m-¶n-s‚- sam-Øw- hmbv] - I - f - p-sS- 53i-Xa- m-\w- Nn-√d- h - m-b] -v I - ƒssI-bm-fp-∂p.- ^vf - m-‰-v `-h\ - - hm-b] -v m- hnX-cW - Ø - n¬- _m-¶-v k-Po-ha- m-bn-cp-∂p.- `h-\- hm-b] v- I - ƒ- 4,-590 tIm-Sn- cq-]b - n-epwIm¿- hm-bv-]-Iƒ- 908 tIm-Sn-cq-]-bn-seØn.- tÃ-‰v- _m-¶v- k-©b - Ø - n-s‚- 10,-000 ¬-∏c - w- h-cp-∂- F.-Sn.-Fw.- irw-Je - b - p-ambn- _-‘n-∏n-®n-´p-≈- _m-¶n-s‚- F-Sn-F-

Ωp-If - p-sS- F-Æw- ]-cm-a¿-in-X- ss{X-amkn-IØ - n¬- 10 F-Æw- Iq-Sn- {]m-h¿-ØnI-am-°n.- 399 B-bn- h¿-[n-®p.tk-hnw-Kk v- v- _m-¶v- C-S] - m-Sp-Im¿-°vF-kv.-_n.-Sn.- bq-Wn- kp-c-£- F-∂- t]cn¬- {]-Xn-h¿-jw- 50 cq-]- {]o-an-bØ - n¬A-©p- e-£w- cq-]- hy-‡ym-[n-jT-v n-X- A]m-b- C≥-jz-d≥-k-v ]-cn-c£ - - e-`y-am-°p∂-Xn-\-v bp-ssW-‰U - -v C-¥ym- C≥-jz-d≥kv- I-º\ - n-bp-am-bn- [m-cW - b - m-bn.- C-S] - mSp-Im¿-°-v D-∂X - - \n-eh - m-cØ - n-ep-≈- tkh-\w- e-£y-am-°n- F-k_ -v n-Sn-sI-b¿- F∂- \q-X\ - - kw-hn-[m-\w- B-hn-jI v- c- n-®p.tI-cf - Ø - n¬- B-Zy-am-bm-Wv- H-cp- _m-¶vC-Øc- Ø - n-ep-≈- kw-cw-`s - am-cp-°p-∂X - .v `-h\ - - \n¿-am-Ww,- ssa-t{Im- ˛-sN-dp-In-S˛- C-SØ - c - w- kw-cw-`ß - ƒ- F-∂o- a¿-Ω- {][m-\- ta-Je - I - ƒ-°v- km-ºØ - n-I- am-µysh-√p-hn-fn-Iƒ- X-cW - w- sN-øm-\p-XI - p-∂{]-Xn-{]-h¿-Ø\ - - \-S] - S- n-Iƒ- _m-¶v- Bhn-jI -v c- n-®p.- {]-h¿-Øa- q-e[ - \ - - ]-cn-[n- 25 e-£w- cq-]h - s- c-bp-≈- sN-dp-In-S- hy-hm-k-

b-߃-°-v H-cp- i-Xa- m-\h - pw- 10 tIm-Sn- cq]- h-sc-bp-≈- sN-dp-In-S˛- - C-SØ - c- w- hy-hkm-bß - ƒ-°-v 0.-50 i-Xa- m-\h - pw-hpw- ]-eni- \n-c° - -v Ip-®p.- I-d‚ - -v A-°u-≠n¬- aqey- h¿-[n-X- ku-P\ - y- ku-Ic- y-ßt- fm-sSF-k.v _ - n.-Sn.- Cu-kn- _n-k-v π-k-v F-∂- ]pXn-b- c-≠-v A-°u-≠p-Iƒ- A-hX - c- n-∏n-®p.Cu- ss{X-am-kn-IØ - n¬- H-It-v Sm-_¿˛- \-hw-_¿- am-k-ß-fn¬- F-kv-_n-Sn- atlm-’h - v- F-∂- t]-cn¬- h-ºn-®- hn-`h - k-am-lc - W - - b-⁄Ø - n-eq-sS- 2000 tImSn-cq-]b - n-te-sd- \n-t£-]ß - f - m-bn- t\-Sn.ss{X-am-kn-IØ - n¬- Xp-d∂ - - c-≠p- im-JI-fpƒ-s∏-sS- _m-¶n-s‚- irw-Je - m- _-‘nX- im-JI - ƒ- 717 B-bn.- X-an-g\ -v m-´n¬- tX\n-bn-epw- B-‘m-{]-tZ-in¬- ssl-Z-cm_m-Zv- Ip-I-Sv-]-≈n-bn-epw- ]n-∂o-Sv- im-JIƒ- Xp-d-∂-tXm-sS- C-t∏mƒ- F-Æw- 719 B-bn.- C-Xn¬- 583 F-Æw- tI-cf - Ø - n-emWv.- h-cpw- am-kß - f - n¬- Xp-d∂ - p- {]-h¿-Øn°m-sa-∂-v {]-Xo-£n-°p-∂- 16 im-JI - ƒ-°-v Iq-Sn- _m-¶-v Aw-Ko-Im-cw- t\-Sn-bn-´p-≠.v -

Aw-Ko-Ir-X- aq-e[ - \ - w- 2000 tImSn- cq-]b - pw- A-S® - p- Xo¿-Ø- aq-e[-\w- 1000 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bp-am-Wv.tÃ-‰-v _m-¶-v Hm-^-v C≥-Uy-bm-W-v I-º-\n-bp-sS- C-¥y-bn-se- G-‰hpw- h-en-b- _m-¶n-M-v {^m-ss©kn.- G-g-v A-tkm-kn-tb-‰-v _m-¶pIƒ- Dƒ-s∏-sS- tÃ-‰v- _m-¶v- {Kq∏n-\v- 14500 im-JI - f - m-Wp-≈X - v.G-‰-hpw- h-en-b- {^-©v- Iº-\n-bm-b- _n- F≥- _n- ]-cn-_mkn-\v- B-tKm-f- _m-¶n-Mv- hy-hkm-bØ - n¬- A-©mw- dm-¶n-ßmWp-≈X - .v - 50 Z-ie - £ - w- C-S] - m-SpIm¿- I-º\ - n-°p-≠.v - 41 cm-Py-ßfn-em-bn- I-º\ - n-bp-sS- {]-h¿-Ø\w- hym-]n-®p- In-S° - p-∂p.k-a{- K-am-b- sse-^v- C≥-jpd≥-k-v D¬-∏∂ - ß - f - pw- s]≥-j≥D¬-∏-∂-ß-fpw- Ip-d-™- sN-ehn¬- e-`y-am-°p-∂- F-kv- _nsF- sse-^n-s‚- D-]-t`m-‡rtk-h\ - w- D-b¿-∂- \n-eh - m-ca- p-≈Xm-W.v - tem-tIm-Øc- - \n-eh - m-ca- p≈- {]-h¿-Ø-\- ti-jn-bm-Wv- as‰m-cp- ssI-ap-X¬.C≥-jp-d≥-k-v D¬-∏∂ - ß - ƒs°m-∏w- `-h-\- hm-bv-],- hy-‡nK-X- hm-bv-]- F-∂n-h-bpw- F-kv_n- sF- sse-^v- ssI-Im-cywsN-øp-∂p-≠v.- F-kv- _n- sF-bpsS- 100 Z-i-e-£w- D-]-tbm-‡m°-fp-sS- tk-h\ - Ø - n-\m-bn- A-dp]-Xn-\m-bn-cw- C≥-jp-d≥-kv- AssUz-k¿-am-cp-sS- H-cp- \n-cX - s- ∂I-º\ - n-°p-s≠-∂-v do-PW - ¬- slUv- P-KZ- o-j-v ln-sc-aX - ,v - do-PW - ¬sk-bn¬-k-v am-t\-P¿- Zo-]I - -v \mb¿,- G-cn-bm- sk-bn¬-kv- am-t\P¿- hn.- K-tW-jv,- ko-\n-b¿- Unhn-j-W¬- am-t\-P¿- hn.- kp-tcjv- Ip-am¿- F-∂n-h¿- tIm-gn-t°m´v- kq-Nn-∏n-®p.-

s^-Ud- ¬_m-¶n-s‚- em-`wC-c´- n-bn-e[ - n-Iws^U - d- ¬- _m-¶n-s‚- 2008 Un-kw-_-dn¬- A-h-km-\n-®- aq∂p- am-k- Im-e-b-f-hn¬- {]-h¿Ø-\e - m-`w- 129.-32 i-Xa- m-\w- h¿[n-®v- 384.-41 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bm-bn- Db¿-∂p.- C-°m-eb - f - h - n-se- A-‰mZm-bw- 98.-11 i-X-am-\w- h¿-[n-®v203.-89 tIm-Sn- cq-]b - m-bn.- I-gn-™km-º-Øn-I- h¿-jw- C-tX- Ime-b-f-hn-se- {]-h¿-Ø-\- em-`w167.-63 tIm-Sn- cq-]b - pw- A-‰m-Zm-bw102.-92 tIm-Sn- cq-]b - p-am-bn-cp-∂p.sIm-®n-bn¬- tN¿-∂- U-bd- I - S-v ¿t_m¿-U-v tbm-Kw- {]-h¿-Ø\ - - ^e-߃- hn-eb - n-cp-Øp-Ib - pw- AwKo-Ic- n-°p-Ib - pw- sN-bX -v p._m-¶n-s‚- sam-Ø- h-cp-am-\wI-gn-™- km-º-Øn-I- h¿-jsØ- C-tX- Im-e-b-f-hn-ep-≈733.-61 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bn¬-\n-∂v- 41.93 i-Xa- m-\w- h¿-[n-®-v 1041.-23 tImSn- cq-]b - m-bn- D-b¿-∂p.- Cu- kmº-Øn-I- h¿-js- Ø- aq-∂p- am-kIm-e-b-f-hn-se- ]-en-i-bn-\-Ønep-≈- sam-Øw- h-cp-am-\w- 876.-42 tIm-Sn- cq-]b - m-Wv.- I-gn-™- kmº-Øn-I- h¿-jw- C-tX- Im-e-bf-hn¬- C-Xv- 648.-66 tIm-Sn- cq-]bm-bn-cp-∂p.- A-‰- ]-en-i- h-cp-am\-am-hs- ´,- I-gn-™- h¿-js- Ø- CtX- Im-eb - f - h - n-ep-≈- 203.-70 tImSn- cq-]b - n¬-\n-∂-v 88.-80 i-Xa- m-\wh¿-[n-®-v 384.-59 tIm-Sn- cq-]b - m-bn._m-¶n-s‚- sam-Øw- _n-kn-\k - v19.-65 i-Xa- m-\w- h¿-[n-®-v 48811 tImSn- cq-]b - m-bn.- sam-Øw- \n-t£-]w16.-81 i-Xa- m-\w- h¿-[n-®-v 27258 tImSn- cq-]b - pw- sam-Øw- hm-bv] - - 23.43 i-Xa- m-\w- h¿-[n-®-v 21553 tImSn- cq-]b - m-bpw- D-b¿-∂p.-


A-`-n-{]m-bw-

2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 01˛14

5

bq-Wn-t^mw- [-cn-®-h¿- sXm-´p-X-tem-Sp-tºmƒkv{- Xo-Is- f- I-≠m¬- H-∂psXm-S-W-sa-∂pw- X-tem-S-W-sa∂pw- B-{K-ln-°p-∂h - c- m-W-v tIc-fØ - n¬- H-cp- \-√- i-Xa- m-\w- ]pcp-j∑ - m-cpw- F-∂p- kv{- Xo-Iƒ- ]d-bpw.- A-Xn-\p- {]m-bt- `-Za- n-√X - m\pw.- bq-hm-°t- fm- a-[y-hb - k - ° -v tcm- A-e] -v w- {]m-bw- I-S∂ - h - t- cmB-I-s´,- _-kn-tem- s{S-bn-\ntem- I-b-dn-bm¬- Ip-d-™- ]-

Zm-Ω- Ip-g∏ - a- n-√.- B¿-°pw- ssIsIm-Sp-°mw,- sXm-Smw.- A-ßs - \bm-W-v ssZ-hØ - n-s‚- kz-¥w- \m´n-se- hr-Øn-sI-´b - mƒ-°m-cp-sSIm-cy-߃.a-s‰m-cn-°¬- a-[y- tI-cf - Ø - nse- _-kv- Ãm≥-Un-se- H-cp- kw`-hw.- _-kn¬- \n-∂-v C-dß - n-t∏mIp-∂- t]m-°n-\v- H-cp- bp-h- tIma-f≥- ap≥- h-i-sØ- I-ºn-bn¬-

s∂-bm-bn-cn-°pw- A-°q-´-cp-sS\n-e] - m-Sv.]-t£- kw-KX - n- h-jf - m-Ip-Ibm-sW-∂m-Wv- ]-e- ÿ-e-Øp\n-∂p-ap-≈- kq-N\ - I - ƒ.- bq-Wnt^m-an-´h - c- p-sS- kvt- \-lX - t- em-Sep-Iƒ- B-Wv- C-t∏mƒ- H-cp- hn√≥- {]-i\ -v w._-kp-If - n-se- .-bq-Wn-t^m-an-

\m¬- kzm-X{- ¥yw- Iq-Sp-Xe - m-W.v bq-Wn-t^mw- [m-cn-I-fm-bt]m-eo-kp-Im-cp-sS- ap-∂n¬-s∏-Sp∂- kv{- Xo-Iƒ- C-°m-eØ - pw- sN∂m-bp-sS- ap-∂n¬-s∏-Sp-∂- B´n≥-Ip-´n-Is- f- t]m-se-bm-W.v - hm-

Iƒ.- H-‰b - ° -v p- k-©c- n-°p-∂- kv{Xo-If - p-sS- ta¬- A-°q-´c- n¬- Nne¿-s°m-s°- H-cp- kvt- \-l- I-Æp≠m-bn-cn-°pw.- H-cp- am-Xr-I- C-ßs\.Bƒ-°m¿- \-S-°p-∂- h-i-

´- I-≠I - Sv- ¿-am-cp-sS- Sn-°‰- v- F-Sp∏n-°m-\p-≈- tXm-≠¬- ÿn-cwbm-{X-°m-cp-sS- F-Xn¿-∏p-≠m-Iptºmƒ- \n-s∂-∂n-cn-°pw.- k-ln°m-sX-bm-Ip-tºmƒ- A-h¿- t]\-sIm-≠v- tXm-≠n- Xr-]v-Xn-b-Sbpw.- ss{]-h-‰v- _-kp-I-fn-setUm¿- sN-°¿-am¿- Bƒ-°m¿- Ib-dp-tºmƒ- ]-Sn-bn¬- \n-∂-v sRcp-°m-sX- C-dß - n- \n-e° v- W - s - a∂v- t]m-eo-kv- B-h-iy-s∏-Sptºmƒ- sN-bvs - X-∂n-cn-°pw.- Ah¿-°v- bq-Wn-t^mw- C-√m-ØX - n-

Zn-bm-tWm- {]-Xn-bm-tWmF-∂-h¿-°p- t\m-´-an-√.- `o£-Wn-s∏-Sp-Øm≥- i-co-cØ - v]n-Sn-s®-∂n-cn-°pw.- tI-´m-e-d-bv°p-∂,- H-cn-°e - pw- th-sd- B-tcmSpw- ]-d-bm-\m-Im-Ø- No-Ø- hnfn-s®-∂n-cn-°pw.- Im-Wm≥- sIm≈m-hp-∂- bp-hX - n-If - m-sW-¶n¬ho-≠pw- ho-≠pw- kv-t‰-j-\n-te°v- hn-fn-∏n-s®-∂n-cn-°pw.s{S-bn-\p-I-fn-se- Sn-°-‰v- FIvk - m-an-\¿-am-cm-W-v hn-√∑ - m-cm-Iq∂- a-s‰m-cp- bq-Wn-t^mw- [m-cn-

sØp-≈- _¿-Øn¬- dn-k¿-th-j\n¬- e-`n-®- ko-‰v- ku-I-cy-{]-Zam-bn- H-∂p- am-‰n-Ø-cm-tam- F∂p- tNm-Zn-®- h-\n-Xt- bm-Sv- Sn-°‰v- F-Iv-km-an-\¿-:- t\m-°-s´,- icn-bm-°mw.- F-∂n-´v- tXm-fs - Ømcp- sR-°¬.- F-∂n-´-v A-tßm-´pan-tßm-´pw- t]m-Ip-tºm-sg-√mwA-tX- hm-NI - w.- A-tX- {]-hr-Øn.-

\m-ev-°-h-e-°m-gv-NtXm-a-kv- a-Øm-bn- I-cn-°w-]-≈n¬£w- A-h¿- H-∂p- ap-´n-bp-cp-am-sXt]m-In-s√-∂m-W-v ]-e- bp-hX - n-Ifpw- km-£y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂X - .v A-Sp-Ø- Im-eØ - m-bn- hn-tZi-Øp- \n-s∂-Øp-∂h - c- p-sS- t\¿°pw- ]-®b - m-b- A-Xn-{I-aß - ƒ- \S-°p-∂X - -v hm¿-ØI - f - n¬- \n-db - p∂-X-v Im-Wp-∂p-≠t- √m.- A-hs- csXm-Sp-∂X - p- sIm-≠p- Ip-g∏ - a- n-s√∂pw- A-h¿- A-Xv- B-{K-ln-°p∂p-s≠-∂p-am-W-v Sq-dn-Ã-v ssK-UpI-fm-bn- N-a™ p- \-S° - p-∂- ]-ecpw- ]-db - m-dp-≈X - v.- tI-cf - Ø - n¬B¿-°pw- Sq-dn-Ãv- ssK-Um-bn- hne-kmw- F-∂m-Wv- C-t∏m-g-sØÿn-Xn.- kw-kI -v m-ch - pw- hn-Zym-`ymk-hpw- C-s√-¶n-epw- A-°q-´¿- hntZ-i- `m-jI - ƒ- ]-Tn-®v- A-Xv- D-]tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.- \m-Sp- ImWm≥- h-cp-∂h - s - c- h-fb - v° - m≥A-hc- ß - s- \- X-bm-dm-bn- \n-e° -v pI-bm-W.v s{S-bn≥- Im-Øn-cn-°p-∂- Hcp- hn-tZ-i- h-\n-X-sb- Np-‰n-∏-‰nH-cp- \m-S≥- Im-gN -v ° - m-c≥- \-S° - p∂-Xp- I-≠p.- Bƒ-°m-scm-s°{i-≤n-°p-∂X - n-\m¬- sXm-Sm≥- Hcp- A-hk - c- h - pw- e-`n-°p-∂n-√.- Ah-km-\w- k-ln-sI-´v- ssI-\o-´ntj-b° -v -v lm≥-U-v B-hi - y-s∏-Sp∂p.- F-¥m-Wv- Im-cy-sa-∂p- a-\kn-em-Im-sX- \n-∂n-cp-∂- h-\n-Xi-eyw- H-gn-hm-Is- ´- F-∂p- I-cp-Xnbm-bn-cn-°W - w- ssI- \o-´n- H-∂pIp-ep-°n- hn-´p.- A-t∏mƒ- Abmƒ- D-d-s°- ]-d-bp-∂p.- Cu- a-

]n-Sn-®p- ko-‰n¬- C-cp-∂n-cp-∂- Hcp- bp-hX - n-bp-sS- ssI-bn¬- A-a°n-∏n-Sn-®n-´v- H-∂p-a-dn-bm-Ø-Xpt]m-se- H-cp- C-dß - n-t∏m-°v.- AXp- I-≠p- Iq-sS-bn-d-ßn-b- H-cpbm-{X-°m-c≥- A-bm-sf- ]n-¥p-Scp-∂p.- ho-Sp- I-s≠-Øn- A-°mcyw- kv{- Xo-bp-sS- _-‘p-sh-∂- \ne-bn¬- t\-cn-´p- tNm-Zn-®-t∏mƒA-bmƒ- H-cp- ]q-®° - p-™m-bn- amdn.- `m-cy-bpw- a-°-fpw- A-dn-bpwap≥-]-v tNm-Zn-®b - m-sf- H-gn-hm-°m\m-bn-cp-∂p- {i-aw.- \-√- tPm-en-bp≈- k-aq-l-Øn¬- \-√- hn-e- Iev∏ - n-°p-∂- H-cmƒ- C-ßs- \-bm-Imsa-¶n¬- H-cp- ta¬-hn-em-k-hp-an√m-sX- Xn-c° - n¬- A-en-bp-∂h - ¿°v- F-¥p-am-Im-sa-t√m- F-∂-v hnh-ca- d- n-™- \m-´p-Im-cp-sS- B-flK-Xw.- C-ßs- \- Nn-e- {]-Xn-Ic- W - ߃- D-≠m-bm¬- X-s∂- Ip-ds- ®ms°- am-‰a- p-≠m-Ipw.C-sXm-s°- k-aq-lØ - n¬- H‰-s∏-´,- Xn-cn-®d- n-bm-\m-Im-Øh - ¿\-S-Øp-∂- t]-°q-Øn¬-s∏-SpØmw.- A-Xn-{I-aw- Xn-cn-®d- n-bp-∂h¿- Nn-et- ∏mƒ- \-eI v- m-hp-∂- in£- (A-Xv- F-¥m-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂Xv- k-µ¿-`w- t]m-en-cn-°pw-)- Nn-et∏mƒ- X-e-bn-te-t‰-≠n- h-t∂°mw.- A-Xp- km-[m-cW - a- √ - m-ØXn-\m¬- in-£s - b-°p-dn-t®m- AXp-≠m-°p-∂- A-ht- l-f\ - s - Ø°p-dn-t®m- ]-e¿-°pw- `-b∏ - m-Sn-√.kw-KX - n- F-{X-am-{Xw- kp-Jw,- kpJ-I-c-am-bn- t]m-I-s´- F-∂p- X-

B-hi - y-s∏-´- _¿-Ø-v In-´n-√,.- F∂m¬- A-tX- k-ab - w- "-{]-hr-Øn'- B-h¿-Øn-°p-sa-∂p- I-≠- Ah¿- a-‰p- k-lb - m-{X-°m-tcm-S-v tNmZn-®-v ku-Ic- y-{]-Za- m-b- _¿-Ø-v Ic-ÿa- m-°n.C-Øc- w- A-Xn-{I-aß - s- f-°pdn-®v- ho-´n¬- sN-∂v- ]-cm-Xn- ]-dbp-∂- s]-¨-Ip-´n-I-tfm-Sv- A-Ωam¿- ]-d™ p- sIm-Sp-°pw.- Xn-cns®m-∂p- cq-£-am-bn- t\m-°nbm¬- a-Xn.- A-tXm-sS- sXm-Se - pwtXm-≠e - pw- \n-e° v- pw- F-∂v.- F∂m¬- A-Xn-t∏mƒ- ^-e{- ]-Za- m-IW-sa-∂n-√.- t\m-´w- sIm-s≠m∂pw- {]-i\ -v w- A-hk - m-\n-°p-Ib - pan-√.- H-cp- s]-Æv- A-s√-¶n¬- as‰m-cp- s]-Æ-v F-∂m-bn-cn-°pw- ]pcp-j∑ - m-cp-sS- a-\k - n¬.- ]-e- ]pcp-j∑ - m-cpw- ]n-Xr-\n¿-hn-ti-ja- mb- kvt- \-lt- Øm-sS-bm-W-v C-ßs\- s]-cp-am-dp-∂s - X-∂- hm-Za- mWn-t∏mƒ- ]-et- ∏m-gpw- D-b¿-Ømdp-≈X - .v - B¿-°m-W-v B- s]-cp-am‰w- th-≠s - X-∂v- B¿-°pw- A-dn™p-Iq-Sm.sXm-´p- X-tem-S¬-Im-sc- Fß-s\- t\-cn-SW - s - a-∂v- B¿-°pa-dn-bn-√.- tIm-f-Pv- hn-Zym¿-Yn-\nIƒ- tk-^‰-v n-]n-∂p-am-bn-´m-W-v \S-∏-t{X.- A-Xn-s‚-sbm-s°- {]tbm-Kw- F-{X-am-{Xw,- F-ß-s\{]m-tbm-Kn-Ia- m-bn- \-S° - m-\m-W-v ?- \m-´p-Im-sc-sb-√mw- \-∂m°m≥- \m-fp-Is- f-Sp-°pw.- A-Xn-\pB-hi - y-am-b- t_m-[h - X - I -v c- W - w\-SØ - n-s°m-t≠-bn-cn-°W - w.- F∂m¬- kv{- Xo-Is- f- bm-sXm-cp- Imc-W-h-im-epw- H-cp- X-c-Øn-epwsXm-Sc- p-sX-∂-v D-Øc- h - p- \-eI -v n\-S∏ - n-em-°n-bm¬- _-kn-te-bpws{S-bn-\n-te-bpw- t]m-eo-kn-tebpw- bq-Wn-t^m-an-´h - c- p-sS- ssIØ-cn-∏-v A-tXm-sS- \n-e° -v pw.- AtXm-sS- h≥-tXm-Xn¬- A-c-tßdp-∂- H-cp- kv{- Xo-]o-U\ - a- m-bn-cn°pw- A-hk - m-\n-°p-I.- tIm-fP - vX-eØ - n¬- s]-¨I - p-´n-Iƒ-°-v Fß-s\- Xn-cn-®p- s]-cp-am-d-W-sa∂p-≈-Xn-\v- B-h-iy-am-b- t_m[-hX - I -v c- W - w- \-SØ - p-Ib - pw- thWw.-

tI-c-f- `m-Ky-°p-dn-bp-sS- ]n-Xm-hv- Ip-™-√-!tI-c-f- k¿-°m¿- \-S-Øp∂- `m-Ky-°p-dn- B-cw-`n-®X - v- [-\Im-cy- a-{¥n-bm-b- ]n.-sI.-Ip-™-v B-sW-∂m-W-v s]m-Xp-th- ]-db - s∏-Sp-∂X - v.- ]-ec - pw- ]-e- k-µ¿-`ß-fn-epw- ]-e- te-J-\-ß-fn-epwA-ßs- \-bm-W-v ]-cm-a¿-in-°p-∂-

hm-NI- ° - k - ¿-Øvcn-t°-≠X - n-t‚-bpw- Xr-]X -v n-Ic- a- mbn- {]-h¿-Øn-t°-≠-Xn-t‚-bpwB-hi - y-IX - s- b- Ir-jW -v ø - ¿- Nq≠n-°m-´n.- th-Zn-bn¬- D-≠m-bncp-∂- B-tcm-Ky- a-{¥n-bm-b- Ft∂m-S-v ]-Ww- kz-cq-]n-°m≥- tKmhm- tem-´-dn-bp-sS- am-Xr-I-bn¬-

`-c-W-kv-a-c-W-Iƒ_n.-sh-√nw-KvS- ¨ - Xpw.- tI-cf - - `m-Ky-°p-dn-bp-sS- ]nXm-hv- F-∂m-Wv- Ip-™v- A-dn-bs∏-Sp-∂X - .v - F-∂m¬- A-Xn-s‚- ]n∂n-ep-≈- kw-`h - w- ]-e¿-°pw- Adn-bn-√.- G-Xm-bm-epw- tI-c-f- `mKy-°p-dn-bp-sS- ]n-Xm-h-v Ip-™√ - !F-d-Wm-Ip-fw- C-‚¿-\m-jW¬- tlm-´e - n¬- tUm-IS-v ¿-am-cpsS- H-cp- k-tΩ-f\ - w- \-S∂ - n-cp-∂p.ap≥- a-{¥n-bpw- kp-{]ow- tIm-SX - nP-UP -v n-bp-am-b- hn.-B¿.-Ir-jW -v ø¿- B-bn-cp-∂p- k-tΩ-f\ - w- D-ZvLm-S\ - w- sN-bX v- X - v.- kzm-KX - - {]kw-Kw- \-SØ - n-b- tUm-ISv- ¿- tIc-fØ - n-se- B-tcm-Ky-kw-c£ - W - Øn-s‚- km-ºØ - n-I- ]-cm-[o-\X- k-hn-kvX - c - w- {]-Xn-]m-Zn-®n-cp∂p.- th-≠{- X- hn-`h - ß - f - p-sS- A`m-hw- sIm-≠-v Xr-]X -v n-bm-bn- tkh-\w- sN-øm≥- I-gn-bp-∂n-s√-∂pkq-Nn-∏n-°p-Ib - pw- sN-bX -v p.Cu- ]-cm-a¿-iw- D-ZL -v m-SI - - {]kw-KI - s- ‚- {i-≤b - n¬- s]-´p.- Btcm-Ky- kw-c£ - W - c- w-Kw- {I-ao-I-

k¿-°m-cn-\-v H-cp- tem-´d- n- Xp-Sß - n°q-tS- F-∂p- tNm-Zn-®p.- Hm-tcm- `mKy-°p-dn-bpw- Hm-tcm- {]-tXy-I- e£yw- F-Sp-Øp-Im-´n-bm-Wv- \-S-

\-Øn-s‚- hn-hn-[- `m-Kß - f - n¬- inip-Nn-In-’m- tI-{µ-߃,- a-eº - \ - n\n¿-am¿-P\ - w,- £-bt- cm-K- {]-Xntcm-[- {]-h¿-Ø\ - ß - ƒ,- Ip-jT-v t- cmK- Nn-In-’m- cw-Kw- F-∂n-ßs- \.C-Øc - w- Im-cy-߃- hn-iZ- oI-cn-®-v {]-kw-Kn-®t- ∏mƒ- k-Zk - y¿°v- Xm-X] -v c- yw- tXm-∂n.- Ir-jW -v ø-cp-sS- \n¿-tZ-iw- {]-iw-k\ - o-bam-sW-∂pw- A-Xp- {]-hr-Øn-bn¬sIm-≠p-hc - m≥- {i-an-°p-sa-∂pwF-s‚- {]-kw-KØ - n¬- {]-Jym-]n®-Xv- l¿-jm-c-h-tØm-sS- k-Z]n.-sI.-Ip-™-v ky¿- kzo-Ic- n-®p.tem-´-dn- \-S-Øn-∏p- kw-_tØ-≠s - X-∂pw- A-t±-lw- ]-d- vS- v- dn-t∏m¿-´v™p.- D-Zm-lc- W - Ø - n-\-v kw-ÿm- ‘n-®v- H-cp- t{]m-PI

`m-Ky-°p-dn- ]n.-sI.-Ip-™n-s‚- B-i-b-sa-∂v- k¿-°m¿tI-c-f- kw-ÿm-\- `m-Ky°p-dn- A-∂s- Ø- C.-Fw.-Fk - .v \-ºq-Xn-cn-∏m-Sv- a-{¥n- k-`-bnse- [-\I - m-cy- h-Ip-∏-v a-{¥n-bmbn-cp-∂- ]n.-sI.-Ip-™p- km-ln_n-s‚- au-eo-Im-i-bw- (s{_bn≥- ssN¬-Uv-)- B-bn-cp-∂psh-∂m-W-v tI-cf - - k¿-°m-cn-s‚`m-Ky-°p-dn- h-Ip-∏n-s‚- Hu-tZymKn-I- sh-_v-ssk-‰m-b- tI-c-ftem-´d- o-k-v tUm-´-v tIm-an¬- tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≈-Xv.- kwÿm-\- hn-Ik - \ - Ø - n-\p-≈- hn`-h- k-am-lc - W - h - pw- kz-Im-cy- 1967˛¬- tem-´d- n- h-Ip-∏v- ÿm-]n`m-Ky-°p-dn-If - p-sS- \n-b{- ¥-W- ®-X.v - k¿-°m-cn-\-v \-s√m-cp- \n-Iphpw- e- £ y- a m- ° n- b m- W v - Xn-tb-Xc- - h-cp-am-\a- m-bn-cp-∂p- ap-

∂n¬- I-≠X - .v - tI-cf - s - Ø- amXr-Ib - m-°n- a-‰p- ]-e- kw-ÿm\-ßf - pw- ]n-∂o-Sv- tem-´d- n- Bcw-`n-®p.- F-∂m¬- hn-izm-ky-Xbn¬- C-∂pw- tI-cf - - `m-Ky-°pdn-bm-W-v ap-∂n-se-∂-v k¿-°m¿A-h-Im-i-s∏-Sp-∂p.- C-¥ybn¬- B-Zyw- C-∂pw- ap-∂n¬F-∂m-W-v tI-cf - - `m-Ky-°p-dn-bpsS- ap-{Zm-hm-Iyw.- 1967˛-68˛¬h-Ip-∏n-s‚- h-cp-am-\w- B-dp- e£w- cq-]- em-`t- Øm-sS- 20 e£w- cq-]b - m-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬2006˛-07˛¬- 36.-36 tIm-Sn- cq-]em-`t- Øm-sS- 236.-15 tIm-Sn- cq]-bm-bn.-

Rm≥- Im-_n-\‰- n¬- k-a¿-∏n-®p.A-Xp- ssI-bn¬- In-´n-b- [-\I - mcy- a-{¥n- ]n.-sI.-Ip-™-v A-Sp-Øa-{¥n-k-`m-tbm-K-Øn¬- F-s‚\n¿-tZ-i-Øn-\v- C-S-t¶m-en-´p.tem-´-dn- \-S-Øn-∏v- km-º-Øn-Ihn-jb - a- m-sW-∂pw- A-X-v B-tcmKy- h-Ip-∏-v ssI-Im-cyw- sN-øm≥]m-Sn-√m-sb-∂p-am-bn-cp-∂p- Ip™n-s‚- hm-Zw.- tem-´d- n- ssI-Imcyw- sN-tø-≠-Xv- X-s‚- [-\-Imcy- h-Ip-∏v- B-bn-cn-°W - s - a-∂pwIp-™v- A-`n-{]m-bs - ∏-´p.- Rm≥A-Xn-s\-sbm-s°- J-fin-®p.N¿-®- Nq-Sp- ]n-Sn-®t- ∏mƒ- apJy-a-{¥n- B- hn-j-bw- A-Sp-ØIm-_n-\‰- n-te-°-v am-‰n-h® - p.- A-SpØ- Im-_n-\-‰v- tbm-K-Øn¬- [\-Im-cy- h-Ip-∏v- tem-´d- n- \-SØ - p∂-Xn-\p-≈- t\m-´p-am-bn-´m-Wv- [\-Im-cy- a-{¥n- h-∂X - v.- Xp-S¿-∂p≈- aq-∂p- Im-_n-\‰- v- tbm-KØ - nepw- `m-Ky-°p-dn- Nq-Sp-]n-Sn-®- hmZ-{]-Xn-hm-Zß - ƒ-°-v hn-jb - a- m-bn.A-h-km-\w- H-cp- tbm-KØn¬- "-"-F-¥n-\m- Ip-™m-ims\- F-s‚- sh-√nw-KS-v ¨ - - F-Xn¿°p-∂X - v.- A-t±-lw- tem-´d- n- \-SØn-s°m-≈s- ´-''- - F-∂-v Fw.-F≥.tKm-hn-µ≥- \m-b¿- D-d-s°- ]-d™p.- ]n-s∂- Rm≥- F-Xn¿-Øn√.- A-ß-s\-bm-Wv- ]n.-sI.-Ip™v- tem-´d- n- B-cw-`n-®X - .v - Ip-™-v tem-´d- n- \-SØ - n-b- Im-es - Ø- {Ia-t°-Sp-Is - f-∏‰- n- ]-{X-ßf - n¬- h∂- hn-a¿-i\ - ß - ƒ- Hm¿-°p-∂p.-

B-sc-∂d- n-bn-√]g- b- - s]¨-hm-Wn-`t- °kv- A-t\z-jn-®v- Ip-‰° - m-sc- Is≠-Øp-sa-∂p- {]-Jym-]n-®- apJy-a-{¥n-°v- C-t∏mƒ- A-∂sØ- hn-sF-]n-Iƒ- B-sc-∂pt]m-epw- A-dn-bn-√.˛kn.-B¿.-\o-eI - W - T-v ≥kn-]n-Fw- - A-[n-Im-cØ - nse-Øp-tºmƒ- ÿm-\-am-\߃- \¬-In- A-\p-{K-ln-°m\pw- \o-ck - w- tXm-∂p-tºmƒ- Nhn´n-∏p-dØ - m-°n- A-]a- m-\n-°m\pw- I-gn-bp-∂- hn-[Ø - n-te-°vim-kv{- X-km-ln-Xy- ]-cn-jØ - vt\-Xm-°ƒ- \o-ßn-bX - -v B- kwL-S-\-sb- P-\-Io-b- k-a-c-ßfn¬-\n-∂-v ]q¿-Wa- m-bn- A-I‰- n\n¿-Øn.˛tUm.- Sn.-Sn.-{io-Ip-am¿ssI-X-{]w- Zq-c-Z¿-i\n¬- H-cp- ]-cn-]m-Sn- Ip-td-°mew- sIm-≠p-\S- Ø - n-bn-cp-∂p.- "]fl-{io- tb-ip-Zm-kv- B-e-]n-®B- kp-µ-c-Km-\w- C-t∏mƒ- Chn-sS- \-Ωp-sS- ]-ø∏ - n-≈n- k-Zm-\µ - ≥- B-e] - n-°p-∂X - -v tIƒ°mw'- F-∂- ]-I-cw-h-bv-°¬.tb-ip-Zm-kv- kp-µc - a- m-bn- ]m-Snh-®p-Ig- n-™- H-cp- Km-\w- F-¥n\m-W-v \-sΩ- k-¶S- s- ∏-Sp-Øm≥th-≠n- am-{Xw- H-cp- k-Zm- \ - µ - ≥]m-Sp-∂X - ?v ˛F-k.v c- t- a-i≥- \m-b¿-


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2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 01˛14

hn-iz-k-\o-b-am-b- sX-fn-hp-I-fn-√m-sX-bp-≈in-£- \o-Xn-\n-tj-[w-:- kp-{]ow- tIm-S-Xnhn-iz-k\- o-bh- pw- hy-‡a- m-bX- p-am-b- sX-fn-hpI-fn-√m-sX- km-£n- sam-gn-Is - f- am-{Xw- B-[m-ca- m°n- H-cm-sf- in-£n-°p-∂X - -v \-·a- m-b- \o-Xn-\n-tj[-hpw- A-]I - S- I - c- h - p-am-sW-∂-v kp-{]ow- tIm-SX - n.]-©m-_n-se- ]m-Sym-e- kz-tZ-in-bm-b- P¿-Wbn¬-knw-Kn-s\- sIm-e] - m-XI - t- °-kn¬- Po-h] - c- y¥w- X-Sh - p-in-£b - ° v- p- hn-[n-®- ssl-t°m-SX - n-hn[n- d-±m-°n- Ip-‰h - n-ap-‡\ - m-°n-s°m-≠p-≈- hn-[nbn-em-W-v ]-cm-a¿-iw.- \m-SI - o-bX - - \n-d™ - X - pw- sshcp-[y-ßf - p-≈X - p-am-b- sX-fn-hp-Iƒ- H-cn-°e - pw- hy‡-am-b- sX-fn-hm-bn- Im-Wm-\m-In-s√-∂-v P-Ão-k-v A¬-Xmw- F-k.v - Im-_n¿,- P-Ãn-k-v ap-Ip-µm-Imw- i¿Ω- F-∂n-hc- S- ß - n-b- _-©v- hy-‡a- m-°n.kw-`h - h - p-am-bn- t\-cn-´p-_‘ - a- p-≈- km-lN - c- ysØ-fn-hp-It- fm,- h-kX v- p-Xm-]c- a- m-b- a-‰p- sX-fn-hpI-tfm- B-[m-ca- m-°n- am-{X-ta- H-cm-sf- in-£n-°mhq-sh-∂pw- ]-c-kv-]-c-_-‘-an-√m-Ø- km-l-N-cysØ-fn-hp-If - p-tS-bpw- km-£n-sam-gn-If - p-sS-bpw- ASn-ÿm-\Ø - n¬- in-£- hn-[n-°p-∂X - v- Kp-cp-Xc - a- msW-∂pw- tIm-SX - n- Iq-´n-t®¿-Øp.1993 \-hw-_¿- 15˛-\v- ]-©m-_n-se- ]m-Sym-ekz-tZ-in-bm-b- Sm-Ik v- n- ss{U-h¿- dmw-Xm-dn-s\- IpØn-s°m-es - ∏-Sp-Øn-b- tI-kn-em-Wv- P¿-Wb - n¬knw-Kn-s\- sX-fn-hp-If - n-s√-∂- Im-cW - Ø - m¬- kp{]ow- tIm-SX - n- Ip-‰h - n-ap-‡\ - m-°n-bX - v.- \n¿-tZ-in®- h-gn-bn-eq-sS- Im-tdm-Sn-°m≥- X-bm-dm-Im-Xn-cp-∂dmw-Xm-dn-s\- P¿-Wb - n¬-knw-Kv- Ip-Øn-s°m-es - ∏Sp-Øn-sb-∂m-W-v t{]m-kn-Iyq-j≥- tI-k.v Zr-Ivk - m-£n- sam-gn- {]-[m-\- sX-fn-hm-bn- kzoI-cn-®- sk-j≥-k-v tIm-SX - n- P¿-Wb - n¬-knw-Kn-s\Po-h] - c- y-¥w- X-Sh - n-\p-in-£n-®p.- tI-k-v ]-cn-KW - n®- ssl-t°m-SX - n,- F-∂m¬,- in-£- i-cn-hs - ®-¶nepw- in-£m-Im-em-h[ - n- A-©p-h¿-ja- m-bn- Ip-d® - p.C-tX-Øp-S¿-∂m-W-v P¿-Wb - n¬-knw-K-v kp-{]ow-tImS-Xn-sb- k-ao-]n-®X - v.l¿-Po-µ¿- F-∂b - m-fp-sS- km-£n-sam-gn-bp-sSA-Sn-ÿm-\Ø - n-em-bn-cp-∂p- P¿-Wb - n¬-knw-Kn-s\in-£n-®X - v.- F-∂m¬,- F-^v.s - F.- B-dn-epw- hn-Nmc-Wt- h-fb - n-epw- l¿-Po-µ¿- \¬-In-b- sam-gn-Iƒ- ]c-k] -v c- h - n-cp-≤a- m-sW-∂-v kp-{]ow- tIm-SX - n- I-s≠Øn.-

`m-cy-tbm-Sp-≈- s]-cp-am-‰wB-fl-l-Xym- t{]-c-W-b-√`mc- y-tbm-Sp-≈- {Iq-ca- m-b- s]-cp-am-‰w- B-fll-Xy-b° -v p-≈- t{]-cW - b - m-bn- I-W° - m-°m-\m-Ins√-∂p- kp-{]ow- tIm-SX - n.B-fll - X - y- sN-øm≥- t{]-cn-∏n-®X - n-\p- t\-cnt´m- A-√m-sX-tbm-bp-≈- sX-fn-hp- th-Ws - a-∂pw]o-Un-∏n-®p-sh-∂X - p-sIm-≠p- am-{Xw- t{]-cW - m-°p‰-am-bn- Im-Wm-\m-In-s√-∂pw- P-Ãn-k-v A-cn-Pn-X-v ]km-bØ - ,v - P-Ãn-k-v A-tim-I-v Ip-am¿- Kmw-Kp-en- F∂n-hc - S- ß - n-b- _-©v- Nq-≠n-°m-´n.kv{- Xo-[\ - - ]o-U\ - Ø - n-s‚- t]-cn¬- Kp-Pd- m-Ø-v kz-tZ-in- Im-¥s - _≥- B-fll - X - y- sN-øm-\n-Sb - mbn- F-∂v- B-tcm-]n-°-s∏-´- tI-kn¬- `¿-Øm-hvIn-j≥-Kn-cn- aw-Kƒ-Kn-cn- tKm-kzm-an-sb- Ip-‰h - n-ap-‡\m-°n-sb-¶n-epw- kv{- Xo-[\ - - \n-tcm-[\ - - tI-kn¬-

Ip-‰° - m-c\ - m-sW-∂p- hn-[n-®X - n-s\-Xn-tc-bm-W-v kpA-\[ - n-Ir-X- \n¿-am-Ws - Ø-°p-dn-®-v hn-Pn-e≥{]ow- tIm-SX - n-sb- k-ao-]n-®X - v.kv- H-cp- A-t\z-jW - h - pw- \-SØ - n-bn-´n-s√-∂pw- h≥A-gn-aX - n- C-Xn-\p- ]p-dI - n-ep-s≠-∂pw- tPm-k^ - -v tImS-Xn-sb- A-dn-bn-®p.- C-tX-Øp-S¿-∂m-Wp- tI-skSp-Ø-v A-t\z-jn-°m≥- hn-Pn-e≥-k-v tIm-SX - n- D-Øc-hn-´X - .v kn-\n-ab - n¬- I-Ym-]m-{X-߃-°v- ]p-Ih - e - n°m≥- A-\p-hm-Zw- \¬-In- U¬-ln- ssl-t°m-SXn- D-Øc - h - n-´p.2006˛-em-Wv- kn-\n-ab - n¬- Xm-cß - ƒ- ]p-Ih - e - n°p-∂X - p- X-S™ p- sIm-≠v- k¿-°m¿- D-Øc - h - n-d\o-Xn-\ym-b- h-Ip-∏n¬- Pn-√m- P-UP-v n-am-cp-sS°n-bX - .v - C-Xn-s\-Xn-tc- kw-hn-[m-bI - ≥- a-tl-j-v `- t\-cn-´p-≈- \n-ba- \ - w- C-Xp-kw-_‘ - n-®- l¿-Pn-bn´v- k-a¿-∏n-®- l¿-Pn-bn-em-Wv- U¬-ln- ssl-t°m- se- Xo¿-∏n-\p- hn-t[-b-am-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂v- tI-c-fS-Xn-bp-sS- hn-[n.ssl-t°m-SX - n- D-Øc - h - m-bn.]p-I- h-en- cw-Kß - ƒ- Nn-{Xo-Ic- n-°p-I- F-∂X - -v _m-dn¬-\n-∂v- t\-cn-´v- Pn-√m- P-Uv-Pn-am-sc- \nH-cp- I-em-Im-cs- ‚- B-hn-jI -v m-c- kzm-X{- ¥y-Øn-s‚- b-an-°p-∂X - n-\v- ssl-t°m-SX - n- c-Pn-kv{- Sm¿- X-bm`m-Ka- m-sW-∂p- tIm-SX - n- hn-eb - n-cp-Øn.dm-°n-b- en-Ãv- d-±m-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iy-s∏-´v- h-©nbq¿- E-jn-aw-Ke - w- kz-tZ-in- ]n.-Bi - - k-a¿-∏n-®- l¿Pn-bn-em-Wv- P-Ão-kv- Sn.-B¿- cm-a-N-{µ≥- \m-b-cpsS- C-S° - m-e- D-Øc - h - v.Pn-√m- P-UP v- n-am-cp-sS- t\-cn-´p-≈- \n-ba- \ - Ø - nBi- p-]{- Xn-Iƒ-°pw- kvI- q-fp-Iƒ-°pw- tIm-S- \v- 2007 G-{]n¬- 16˛-\m-Wv- ssl-t°m-SX- n- c-Pn-kvXn-Iƒ-°pw- 100 ao-‰¿- Np-‰f - h - n¬- i-_Z-v a- e - n-\o-Ic- - {Sm¿- hn-⁄m-]\ - w- ]p-ds - ∏-Sp-hn-®n-cp-∂X - .v - C-Xn¬Ww- \n-b-{¥n-°p-∂A-t]-£-I-cp-sS- DXn-\p-≈- \n-ba- h - y-hb¿-∂- {]m-b-]-cn-[nÿ- I¿-i\ - a- m-bn- \47 h-bk - m-bn- \n-›S-∏m-°m≥- tI-c-fbn® nc p-s∂-¶n-epwIcn-°w-]-≈n¬ ssl-t°m-S-Xn- kwIp-d-™- {]m-b-]-cnÿm-\- No-^v- sk-{I-´d- n-°v- \n¿-tZ-iw- \¬-In.[n- \n-›b - n-®n-cp-∂n-√.- ]n-∂o-Sv- F-gp-Øp-]c - o-£\n-i_ - Z-v - ta-Je - b - m-bn- {]-Jym- ]n-t°-WS-v - B- bv° - pw- hm-Nm- ]-co-£b - ° v- pw-ti-jw- N-´ß - ƒ- t`ip-]{- Xn-Iƒ- t]m-ep-≈- ÿm-]\ - ß - f - p-sS- k-ao-]w- Z-KX - n- sN-bvX - v- Ip-d™ - {]m-b] - c - n-[n- 35 h-bk - mhm-l\ - ß - ƒ- hn-th-N\ - c- l - n-Xa- m-bpw- A-\n-b{- ¥n- bn- \n-›b - n-®X - p- \n-ba- h - n-cp-≤a- m-sW-∂m-W-v l¿X-am-bpw- tlm-¨- ap-g° - n- i-_Z-v a- e - n-\o-Ic- W - w- kr- Pn-bn-se- hm-Zw.jv-Sn-°p-∂-Xp- X-S-b-W-sa-∂m-h-iy-s∏-´v- sIm-®nsF.-Fw.-F- {]-kn-U‚ - v- G-{_-lmw- sI.-t]m-fpwa-‰pw- k-a¿-∏n-®- l¿-Pn-bn-em-Wv- B-ISv- nw-Kv- No-^vP-Ão-kv- sP.-_n- tIm-in,- P-Ão-kv- hn.-Kn-cn- F-∂nh-cpƒ-s∏-´- Un-hn-j≥- _-©n-s‚- D-Øc- h - v.kp{- ]ow-tIm-SX- n- P-UvP- n-am-cp-sS- kz-Øp-hnh-cß - ƒ- sh-fn-s∏-Sp-ØW - s - a-∂- tI-{µ-hn-hc - m-hIm-i- I-Ωo-js - ‚- D-Øc- h - n-s\-Xn-sc- kp-{]ow-tImS-Xn- No-^-v P-Ão-k-v sI.-Pn.- _m-eI - r-jW -v ≥- U¬ln- ssl-t°m-SX - n-bn¬- l¿-Pn- \¬-In.A\- [- n-Ir-Xs- I-´n-Sw- s]m-fn-®p-am-‰m≥- s]m\o-Xn- \-SØ - n-°n-´p-∂X - n-\m-bn- Io-gt-v Im-SX - n-bmXp-Xm¬-]c - y-l¿-Pn- \¬-In-b- ]-cm-Xn-°m-c≥- hn- b- ssl-t°m-S-Xn-sb- kq-{]ow- tIm-S-Xn- k-ao-]nPn-e≥-kn-s‚- A-t\z-j-W- dn-t∏m¿-´n¬- D-S-a-bm- °p-∂X - v- C-¥y≥- \o-Xn-\ym-bh - y-hÿ - b - n-se- Abn- am-dn-b- kw-`h - w- A-t\z-jn-°m≥- Xr-iq¿- hn-Pn- Xy-]q¿-h- kw-`h - a- m-W.v e≥-kv- tIm-SX - n- D-Øc- h - n-´p.kp-{]ow-tIm-SX - n-bn-se- P-UP v- n-am¿- kz-Øp-hnA-t\z-jW - w- \-SØ - n-b- hn-Pn-e≥-kv- D-tZym-K- h-c-߃- No-^v- P-Ão-kn-s\- A-dn-bn-°-W-sa-∂vÿ¿,- sI-´n-Sw- ]-Wn-°-v A-\p-aX - n- \¬-In-b- tIm¿- Ir-Xy-am-bn- \n-b-sam-∂pw- C-¥y-bn¬- \n-e-hn-en∏-td-j≥- A-[n-Ir-X¿- F-∂n-h¿-s°-Xn-tc-bm-W-v A- √.- F-¶n¬-t∏m-epw- F-√m- P-UvP - n-am-cpw- No-^v- Pt\z-jW - Ø - n-\v- hn-Pn-e≥-kv- P-UvP - n- ]n.-Iyp- _¿- Ão-kn-s\- kz-Øp-hn-hc- ß - ƒ- A-dn-bn-°m-dp-≈X - m°-Øe - n- D-Øc- h - n-´X - v.Wv.- ]-s£- C-Xv- ]-c-ky-am-°p-∂-Xn-\v- \n-b-a-]-cs]m-Xp-{]-h¿-ØI - ≥- ]n.-Un- tPm-k^ - v- A-\- am-bn- _m-[y-Xb - n-s√-∂m-Wv- No-^v- P-Ão-kv- sI.[n-Ir-X- sI-´n-SØ - n-s\-Xn-tc- hn-Pn-e≥-k-v tIm-SX - n- Pn.- _m-eI - r-jW v- s - ‚- hm-Zw.bn¬- c-≠m-bn-c-Øn¬- \-ev-In-b- l¿-Pn-bn¬- AP-UP -v n-am-cp-sS- kz-Øp-hn-hc- w- sh-fn-s∏-Sp-Øpt\z-jW - Ø - n-\p- tIm-SX - n- D-Øc- h - n-´n-cp-∂p.- h¿-j- ∂-X-v kw-_‘ - n-®-v P-\p-hc- n- B-dn-\m-W-v tI-{µ- hn߃-°p- ti-jw- 2009 P-\p-hc - n-bn¬- hn-Pn-e≥-kv- h-cm-hI - m-i- I-Ωo-j≥- D-Øc - h - n-´X - v.- P-UP v- n-am-cpUn-ssh-F-kv-]n- \¬-In-b- dn-t∏m¿-´n-em-Wv- ]-cm- sS- kz-Øp-°-sf-°p-dn-®v- sh-fn-s∏-Sp-Ø-s∏-´n-´pXn-°m-c≥- sI-´n-Sa- p-Sa- b - m-bn- am-dn-bX - v.s≠- F-∂X - n-s\-°p-dn-®-v ]-Øp- Zn-hk - Ø - n-\p-≈n¬-

kn-\n-a-bn¬- ]p-I-h-en-bm-Im-sa-∂vU¬-ln- ssl-t°m-S-Xn-

Pn-√m- P-Uv-Pn-am-cp-sS- \n-b-a-\wXo¿-∏v- A-\p-k-cn-®v-

i-_v-Z-a-en-\o-I-c-Ww- I¿-i-\-am-bn\n-b-{¥n-°-Ww-:- ssl-t°m-S-Xn-

tem t]mbn‚ v

P-Uv-Pn-am-cp-sS- kz-Øv-:- kp-{]owtIm-S-Xn-bp-sS- l¿-Pn-

]-cm-Xn-°m-c-s\- D-S-a-ÿ-\m-°n-;A-t\z-jn-°m≥- D-Ø-c-hv-

hn-hc- ß - ƒ- \¬-IW - s- a-∂-v kp-{]ow- tIm-SX - n-bn-ses]m-Xp-hn-hc- m-hI - m-i- Hm-^o-k¿-°m-W-v hn-hc- m-hIm-i- I-Ωo-j≥- D-Ø-c-hv- \¬-In-b-Xv.- hn-h-cm-hIm-i- I-Ωo-js - ‚- D-Øc - h - n-s\-Xn-sc- l¿-Pn- \¬tI-≠X - -v ssl-t°m-SX - n-bn-em-IW - s - a-∂X - n-\m-emWv- kp-{]ow-tIm-SX - n- No-^-v P-Ão-k-v U¬-ln- sslt°m-SX - n-sb- k-ao-]n-®X - v.1997 sa-bv- G-gn-\v- D-≠m-b- kq-{]ow-tIm-SX - n- DØ-ch - v- {]-Im-cw- kp-{]ow-tIm-SX - n- P-UP v- n-am¿- kzØp-hn-hc - ß - ƒ- No-^v- P-Ão-kn-s\- A-dn-bn-°W - sa-∂-v am-{X-sa- hy-‡a- m-°p-∂p-≈p.- C-X-v G-sX-¶nepw- hn-[Ø - n-ep-≈- s]m-Xp-tc-Jb - s - √-∂pw- ]-ck - v]-ch - n-izm-kØ - m-ep-≈- H-cp- hn-hc- s - sI-am-‰w- am-{Xam-sW-∂pw- P-Ão-k-v sI.-Pn.-_m-eI - r-jW -v ≥- kq-Nn∏n-°p-∂p.- tZ-io-b- hn-hc- m-hI - m-i- \n-ba- {- ]-Im-cw- kzIm-cy-hn-hc- ß - ƒ- ssI-am-dm≥- B-In-s√-∂pw- A-Xn\m¬- e-`n-®n-´p-≈- hn-hc- ß - ƒ- ]-ck - y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xn-\-v \n-ba- w- A-\p-hm-Zw- \¬-Ip-∂n-s√-∂p-am-W-v l¿Pn-bn¬- No-^-v P-Ão-k-v hy-‡a- m-°p-∂X - .v -

hr-°-hm-Wn-`w-:- \-S-]-Sn-IƒA-dn-bn-°-WwA\- [- n-Ir-X- hr-°h- m-Wn-`s- Ø-∏d- n-bp-≈- At\z-jW - - dn-t∏m¿-´n-t∑¬- kzo-Ic - n-®- \-S] - S- n-If - dn-bn-°m≥- tI-cf - - ssl-t°m-SX - n- k¿-°m-cn-\v- DØ-ch - -v \-eI -v n.2002˛¬- k-a¿-∏n-°s - ∏-´- A-t\z-jW - - dn-t∏m¿´n¬- ssI-s°m-≠- \-S] - S- n-Iƒ- F-s¥-√m-am-sW∂p- K-h¨ - s - a-‚ -v πo-U¿-°-v A-dn-bn-°m≥- I-gn-bmØ- km-lN - c - y-Øn-em-Wv- P-Ão-kv- F-kv.k - n-cn-PK≥- k¿-°m-cn-t\m-Sv- dn-t∏m¿-´v- tX-Sn-bX - v.dn-t∏m¿-´n-s‚- A-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn¬- Nn-e- \-S-]Sn-Iƒ- D-≠m-bn-´p-s≠-∂p- tIm-gn-t°m-S-v \m-jW - ¬B-ip-]{- Xn-°p- th-≠n- lm-Pc - m-b- A-`n-`m-jI - ≥]-d™ - p.-

Ip-‰m-tcm-]n-X-cp-am-bp-≈- N¿-®D-tZym-K-ÿ¿- tIƒ-t°-≠{In-an-\¬- tI-kn¬- I-ÃU - n-bn-ep-≈- Ip-‰mtcm-]n-Xc- p-am-bn- A-`n-`m-jI - ¿- Iq-Sn-°m-gN -v b - pw- N¿®-bpw- \-SØ - p-tºmƒ- A-t\z-jW - - D-tZym-Kÿ - ¿- Ch-cp-sS- kw-`m-jW - w- tIƒ-°Ø - ° - - Zq-cØ - n¬- D≠m-Ic- p-sX-∂p- tI-cf - - ssl-t°m-SX - n- hy-‡a- m-°n.kn-ÿ- A-`b - - tI-kn¬- {]-Xn-Is - f- k-µ¿-in°m≥- A-\p-aX - n- \¬-In-bt- ∏mƒ- A-t\z-jW - - DtZym-Kÿ - ¿- k-ao-]Ø - p-WS-v m-IW - s- a-∂-v D-t±-in-®n´n-s√-∂pw- P-Ão-kv- B¿.- _-k¥ - v- hy-‡a- m-°n.C-Øc- w- km-lN - c- y-ßf - n¬- A-`n-`m-jI - c- pw- {]Xn-I-fpw- X-Ωn¬- \-S-Øp-∂- kw-`m-j-Ww- tIƒ°m≥-X° - - Zq-cØ - n¬- A-t\z-jW - - D-tZym-Kÿ - ≥]m-Sn-s√-∂- Im-cyw- A-dn-bn-°p-∂X - n-\p- th-≠n- DØ-ch - n-s‚- ]-I¿-∏v- a-Pn-ktv- {S-‰p-am¿-°b - ® - p- sImSp-°m-\pw- ssl-t°m-SX - n- \n¿-tZ-in-®n-´p-≠ykn.-_n.-sF- I-ÃU - n-bn-em-bn-cp-∂- X-ßs - f- \hw-_¿- 25˛-\v- A-`n-`m-j-I¿- I-≠v- kw-km-cn-°ptºmƒ- tI-kt- \z-jI - c - p-sS- km-∂n-[yw- D-≠m-bncp-∂p-sh-∂v- A-`b - - tI-kn-se- Ip-‰m-tcm-]n-X¿- ]cm-Xn-s∏-´n-cp-∂p.-

B-tcm-Kyw-

{]-ta-l- ]m-Z-tcm-K- ssh-I-eyw-:- ]m-Z-tO-Zw- H-gn-hm-°m≥- i-kv-{X-{In-b{]-ta-l- ]m-Zt- cm-K- ssh-Ie- y-sØ- ]m-Zt- OZw H-gn-hm-°n-s°m-≠-v ]p-\:- ÿ - m-]n-°p-∂X - n-\p-≈\q-X\ - - i-k{-v X-{In-bI - ƒ- tI-cf - Ø - n-epw.C-¥y-bn¬- 45 Z-ie - £ - Ø - n-e[ - n-Iw- P-\ß - ƒ°v- {]-ta-l- tcm-Kap-s≠-∂-v I-W° - m-°s - ∏-Sp-∂p.A-Xn¬- A≥-]X - n-\m-bn-cØ - n-e[ - n-Iw- t]¿-°v- {]ta-l- ]m-Z-tcm-K-hp-am-bn- _-‘-s∏-´v- Hm-tcm- h¿jhpw- ]m-Zt- O-Zw- sN-tø-≠X - m-bn- h-cp-∂p.- {]-tal- tcm-Kn-If - n¬- R-cº - p-ho-°h - pw- Ip-d™ - c-‡{]-hm-lh - pw- aq-ew- ]m-ZØ - n-\pw- ]m-ZØ - n-s‚- hn-cep-Iƒ-°pw- A-]m-IX - I - f - pw- ssh-Ie - y-ßf - pw- kw`-hn-°p-∂X - -v ]-Xn-hm-W.v {]-ta-l- tcm-Kn-If - n¬- C-Øc - Ø - n-ep-≈- ]m-ZØn-s‚- ssh-Ie - yw- {h-Wm-hÿ - b - n-se-Øn-°pw.C-Xn-s‚- ^-e-am-bn- ]m-Z-Øn-s‚- A-Sn-bn¬- D-∏q‰n-bp-sS- `m-K-Øm-bn-´v- D-b¿-∂- a¿-±w- cq-]s - ∏-Sp-Ibpw- {I-ta-W- {h-Wa- m-bn- am-dp-Ib - pw- sN-øp-∂p.- Cß-s\-bp-≈- {h-Wß - ƒ- tcm-Km-Wp-°ƒ-°-v {]-thi-\- am¿-Ka- m-bn- am-dp-Ib - pw- tcm-Kn-bp-sS- ]m-Zt- O-Z-

Øn-\pw- A-hk - m-\w- a-cW - Ø - n-\pw- Im-cW - a- mIp-∂p.\q-X\ - - i-kv{- X-{In-bb - neq-sS- {]-ta-l- tcm-KnIfp-sS- hn-Ir-Xa- m-b- ]m-Zß - f - pw- hn-ce - p-If - pw- i-cnbm-b- cq-]-Øn-em-°p-∂- kw-hn-[m-\-߃- \n-ehn¬- h-∂n-´p-≠.v - {h-Wmh-ÿ- Iq-Sp-X¬- h¿-≤n®v- ]m-Zt- O-Zw- F-∂- \ne-bn-te-°v- t]m-Im-sX]m-Zs - Ø- kw-c£ - n-°phm≥- ]-‰n-b- ]-m-Z-kw-c£-W- \q-X-\- i-kv-{X{In-bI - ƒ- bp.-Fk - v.F - ,bp.-sI,- Hm-kv-t{S-en-b,P¿-Ω-\n,- d-jy,- kv-s]bn≥- Xp-Sß - n-b- hn-Ik - n-X- cm-Py-ßf - n¬- am-{X-amWv- \n-eh - n-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂X - v.- Cu- \q-X\ - - i-kv{- X{In-bm- - co-Xn-Iƒ- ]m-ZØ - n-s‚- A-Sn-bn¬- cq-]s - ∏Sp-∂- X-gº - ,v - {h-Wß - ƒ- F-∂n-hs- b- am-‰p-Ib - pw- {]ta-l- tcm-Kn-If - n-se- ]m-Zt- O-Zs - Ø- X-s∂- X-Sb - p-

I-bpw- sN-øp-∂p.- Xn-ßn-\n¬-°p-∂- hn-ce - p-Iƒ- \nan-Øw- sXm-en-Iƒ- X-Ωn¬- D-c-kn- s]m-´p-I-bpwA-Xv- {hW-Øn-te-°v- \-bn-°p-Ib - pw- sN-øp-∂p.Im¬-hn-ce - p-Is - f- km-[m-cW - - \n-eb - n-em-°nsN-øp-∂- \q-X-\- i-kv-{X{In-bm- co-Xn-bm-W-v kvI - m¿^v.- - sS≥-U≥- {Sm≥-k^ -v ¿i-k{-v X-{In-bb - n-eq-sS- {]-tal- tcm-Kn-If - p-sS- ]m-ZØ - ns‚- {h-Ws - Ø- \n-ti-jwam-‰p-Ib - pw- ]m-Zs - sh-Ie - y߃- am-‰n- ]m-Z-Øn-\v- cq]-`w-Kn- sIm-Sp-°p-hm-\pwkm-[n-°p-∂p.- N-m¿-tIm-Sk -v -v ^p-´v- F-∂- {]-ta-lt- cm-Kw- ]m-ZØ - n-t‚-bpw- I-W¶m-en-t‚-bpw- F-√p-Is - f- {Z-hn-®-v \-in-∏n-°p-∂p.- CXv- I-Tn-\a- m-b- {h-WØ - n-\pw- ]m-Zs- sh-Ie - y-Øn-\pwIm-cW - a- m-bn- `-hn-°p-∂p.- ]-eX - c - Ø - n-ep-≈- i-kv{X-{In-bI - f - m-b- {Sn-∏n-ƒ- A¿-s{Xm-sZ- nkv,- sπ-bn-

‰v- ^n-It-v k-j≥- F-∂n-h- h-gn-bpw- {]-ta-l- tcm-KnI-fn-se- ]m-ZØ - n-s‚- cq-]`- w-Kn- Xn-cn-®p-sIm-≠p-hcp-hm≥- km-[n-°p-∂p.G-jy- ≥- c-mP - y-ßf - n¬- C-¥y-bn¬- sIm-®n-bnep-≈- A-ar-X- C≥-k‰v- n-‰yq-´v- Hm-^v- sa-Un-°¬- kb≥-kv- B‚ v- dn-tk¿-®v- sk-‚-dn-se- F≥-sUmss{I-t\m-fP - n- Un-∏m¿-´s-v a‚n-se- U-b_ - ‰- n-I-v temh¿- enw-_v- B‚ v- s]m-Un-bm-{Sn-Iv- k¿-Pd- n- h-n`- mK-am-W-v C-Øc- w- i-k{-v X-{In-bI - ƒ- B-Zy-am-bn- sNøp-∂X - v.- A-ar-X- C≥-kv‰- n-‰yq-´v- Hm-^v- sa-Un-°¬k-b≥-kn-se- tUm.- A-Pn-XvI - p-am¿- h¿-Ω,- tUm.aw-K-fm-\-µ≥,- tU-m.- A-cp¨- _m¬,- tUm.- lmcojvI - p-am¿- F-∂n-h¿ - - i-kv{- X-{In-bb - v° - v- t\-Xr- Xzw- \¬-Ip-∂p.C-Xn-\I - w- C-Øc - Ø - n-ep-≈- 15 i-kv{- X-{In-bIƒ- sN-bv-Xp-I-gn-™p.- Hm-tcm- tcm-Kn-°pw- G-gpX-cw- i-k{-v X-{In-b- \-St- Ø-≠n-hc- pw.- H-cp- kw-LwtUm-Iv-S¿-am¿- tN¿-∂m-te- C-Xv- sN-øm≥- km [ - n-°q.-


Im-bn-Iw-

2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 01˛14

7

hn-eyw-kv- k-tlm-Z-cn-am-sc kv-{So-°¿-- A-º-c-∏n-®pA-ta-cn-°≥- sS-∂o-k-v Xm-cß - f - pwk-tlm-Zc- n-am-cp-am-b- ho-\k - -v hn-eyw-kpwsk-do-\- hn-eyw-kpw- Hm-kt-v {S-en-b≥- Hm∏-¨- Izm¿-´¿- ss^-\¬- U-_nƒ-kv- a’-c-Øn¬- ]-s¶-Sp-°-th- tIm¿-´n-te-

°-bd- p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p.- tIm¿-´n-\p- sh-fnbn¬- h-®p- X-s∂- 14 sk-°≥-Un-\p≈n¬- t]m-eo-kv- kv-{So-°nw-Kv- \-S-Ønb-bm-sf- ]n-Sn-®p-am-‰n.Im-Wn-If - p-sS- Iq-´® - n-cn-bn¬- X-ß-

t°m-Sn-sb-Øn-b- kv{- So-°¿- A-hs- c- Aº-c∏ - n-®p.sa¬-_W - n¬- \-S∂ - - h-\n-Xm- hn-`mKw- U-_nƒ-kn-s‚- c-≠mw- du-≠v- a-’c-Øn-\n-sS-bm-Wp- kw-`-hw.- ho-\-kv-˛sk-do-\- Iq-´p-sI-´-v a-’c- Ø - n¬- ap-t∂dp-∂X - n-\n-sS- \-Kv\ - \ - m-bn- H-cp- A-ta-cn°≥- B-cm-[-I≥- tIm¿-´n-te-°v- Hm-Sn-

fpw- kv{- So-°nw-Kv- B-kz-Zn-®p-sh-¶n-epwA-bm-fp-sS- {]-IS- \ - ß - ƒ- A-ºc - ∏ - n-®psh-∂p- sk-do-\˛- h - o-\k - -v k-tlm-Zc- n-am¿kq-Nn-∏n-®p.A-bmƒ- Hm-Sn-hc- p-∂X - p- I-≠n-cp-∂p.F-∂m¬- {Ku-≠n-te-°p- I-S∂ - t- ∏mƒA-e] v- w- `-bw- tXm-∂n-sb-¶n-epw- A-bmfp-sS- \r-Øw- B-kz-Zn-®p.-

A-º-sØm-∂mw- h-b-kn-epwIm-bn-I- {]-Xn-`- sX-fn-bn-®vcm-Pw- tKm-]nsIm-®n- kz-tZ-in-\n-bm-b- cm-Pw- tKm-]n- I-gn-™a- m-kw- \-S∂ - - Gjy≥- am-tÃ-gk v- v- ao-‰n¬- \m-ep- sa-Ue - p-Iƒ- t\-Sn.- A-øm-bn-cw- ao-‰¿- \-SØ-Øn-epw- 300 ao-‰¿- l¿-Un¬-kn-epw- kz¿-Ww,- 5000 ao-‰¿- Hm-´Ø - n-epw2000 ao-‰¿- Ão-∏nƒ- tN-kn-epw- sh-≈n- F-∂n-h- t\-Sn-bm-Wv- Xm-bv-e-‚ nse- Nn-bm-Mv- am-bn-bn¬- \-S∂ - - ao-‰n¬- cm-Pw- F-∂- A-ºs - Øm-∂p-Im-cnsh-∂n-s°m-Sn- ]m-dn-®X - v.{]m-bs - Ø-bpw- km-aq-ly-˛k - m-ºØ - n-I- {]-Xn-_‘ - ß - s - f-bpw- A-XnPo-hn-®-v t\-´ß - ƒ- ssI-hc- n-®- cm-Pw- t\-cs - Ø- \n-ch - [ - n- A-¥m-cm-j{-v S- a’-c-ßfn¬- C¥y-sb- {]Xn-\n-[o-Icn-®n-´p-≠v.I-gn-™h¿-jw- C-‰en-bn¬- \S-∂- thƒUv- am-tÃ-g-v kv- A-Xve - ‰n-Ik v- v- Nmºy≥- j n∏n¬- ]s¶-Sp°m≥- Ah-sc- sX-cs™-SpØn-cp-∂p.a-te-jybn¬- \-S∂- 22˛m-aX - -v a-te-jy≥Hm-∏¨ - - amtÃ- g v- k vA-Xe -v ‰- n-I-v Nm- º y≥jn-∏n¬- ]s¶- S p- Ø A-h¿3000 Intem-ao-‰¿\-SØ - Ø - nepw- 5000,800,- 1500 ao-‰¿- Hm-´a- ’ - c - ß - f - n-epw- kz¿-Ww- t\-Sn-bn-cp-∂p.Kp-hm-lØ - n-bn¬- \-S∂ - - tZ-in-b- Nm-ºy≥-jn-∏n¬- A-©p- In-tem-ao‰¿- \-SØ - Ø - n-epw- 5000 ao-‰¿- Hm-´Ø - n-epw- 300 ao-‰¿- l¿-Un¬-kn-epw- cmPw- kz¿-Ww- t\-Sn.-100,- 200 ao-‰¿- kv{- ]n-‚ v- Xm-cw- Iq-Sn-bm-b- cm-Pw- \n-ch - [n- t{Im-k-v I-¨{- Sn,- am-cØ - ¨ - - ]-cn-]m-Sn-If - n-epw- ]-s¶-Sp-Øn-´p-≠.v - sIm®n-bn¬- \-SØ - n-b- sa-‰v- sse-^v- am-cØ - W - n-se- h-\n-Xm- hn-`m-KØ - n¬- H∂mw- ÿm-\° - m-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p- cm-Pw.- Cu-bn-sS- U¬-ln-bn¬- \-S∂ - - lm^v- am-cØ - W - n¬- c-≠mw- ÿm-\h - pw- t\-Sn.- hn-hn-[- a-’c - ß - f - n¬-\n-∂mbn- C-Xn-\I - w- 40 kz¿-Wh - pw- 25 sh-≈n-bpw- 15 sh-¶e - h - pw- A-h¿- t\-Snbn-´p-≠.v -

[≥-cm-Pv- ]n-≈-bpwkp-\n¬- sj-´n-bpw{]-Nm-cW - Ø - n-\v-

{In-°-‰v- Xm-c-ß-sf- h-f¿-Øn-sb-Sp-°m≥h-b-\m-Sv- h-f-°q-dp-≈- a-Æv-:- tIm-®v-

C-¥y-bp-sS- ap≥- tlm-°n- kq-∏¿Xm-cw- [≥-cm-Pv- ]n-≈b - pw- t_m-fn-hp-UvXm-cw- kp-\n¬- sj-´n-bpw- \-Ik v- ¬- {]h¿-Ø\ - ß - ƒ- Du¿-Pn-Xa- m-b- a-lm-cm-j-v {S-bn-se- N-{µ-]q-cn¬- tlm-°n-Xm-cß - s- fI-s≠-Øp-∂p.- B-Zn-hm-kn- ta-Je - I - f - n¬tZ-io-b- I-fn-bm-b- tlm-°n-tbm-S-v B-`nap-Jyw- h-f¿-Øp-Ib - pw- an-I® - - Xm-cß - s- fI-s≠-Øp-Ib - p-sa-∂- e-£y-tØm-sS-bmWv- C-Øc- Ø - n-sem-cp- D-Zy-aØ - n-\-v C-dß - n∏p-ds- ∏-´s- X-∂-v C-cp-hc- pw- kq-Nn-∏n-®p.[≥-cm-Pv- ]n-≈b - p-sS- t\-Xr-Xz-Ønep-≈- tlm-°n- ^u-t≠-j≥- N-{µ-]qcn¬- \-SØ - p-∂- tlm-°n- Sq¿-Ws- a-‚n¬\m-e] v- X - n-e[ - n-Iw- So-ap-Iƒ- ]-s¶-Sp-°p∂p-≠v.- C-Xn¬- ]-Ip-Xn-bn-e-[n-Iw- BZn-hm-kn-If - m-Wv.- \-Ik v- ¬- {]-h¿-Ø\ - ß-fn-te¿-s∏-Sm-sX- bp-hm-°f - n¬- tZ-iob- t_m-[h - pw- tlm-°n-tbm-Sp-≈- kvt- \l-hpw- h-f¿-Øm-\m-Wv- X-ßf - p-sS- D-t±i-sa-∂-v C-cp-hc- pw- Iq-´n-t®¿-Øp.-

kw-ÿm-\s- Ø- a-‰p- {]-tZ-iß - s- f- A-t]-£n-®-v h-b\ - m-S-v {In-°‰- -v Xm-cß - s- fh-f¿-Øn-sb-Sp-°m≥- h-f° - q-dp-≈- a-Æm-sW-∂-v ap≥- C-¥y≥-Xm-ch - pw- C-¥y≥- Sow^o¬-Unw-K-v tIm-®p-am-b- tdm-_n≥- knw-K.v - Nn-´b - m-bX - pw- B-[p-\n-I- co-Xn-bn-ep-≈Xp-am-b- ]-cn-io-e\ - w- e-`n-°p-Ib - m-sW-¶n¬- h-b\ - m-´n-se- {In-°‰- -v Xm-cß - ƒ-°pw- C¥y≥- So-an-te-°p-≈- Zq-cw- hn-Zq-ca- s- √-∂pw- knw-K-v ]-d™ -p.- Ir-jW -v K - n-cn-bn¬- h-b\m-S-v {In-°‰- -v tÃ-Un-bØ - n-\-v X-d° - √ - n-´p- {]-kw-Kn-°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p- tIm-®.v k-ap-{Z-\n-c∏ - n¬-\n-∂v- G-sd- D-b¿-∂v- \n¬-°p-∂- {]-Ir-Xn- c-aW - o-ba- m-b- h-b\m-´n¬- ]-cn-io-e\ - Ø - n-\v- A-\p-tbm-Py-am-b- Im-em-hÿ - b - m-Wp-≈X - v.- C-Xp-aq-ewIq-Sp-X¬- k-ab - w- Im-bn-IX - m-cß - ƒ-°-v ]-cn-io-e\ - w- \-SØ - m≥- I-gn-bpw.k-ao-]I - m-e- Øm-bn- tI-cf - - {In-°‰- n-s\- h-f¿-®b - n-te-°-v \-bn-°p-∂- sI.-kn.F.-bp-sS- {i-aß - ƒ- A-`n-\µ - \ - m¿-la- m-sW-∂pw- A-tkm-kn-tb-js - ‚- t\-Xr-XzØn¬- Pn-√-bn¬- {In-°-‰n-s‚- h-f¿-®-bv-°m-bn- \-S-Øp-∂- F-√m- {i-a-߃-°pwX-s‚-bpw- C-¥y≥- {In-°-‰v- I-¨-t{Smƒ- t_m¿-Un-s‚-bpw- F-√m-hn-[- k-lm-b߃- D-≠m-Ip-sa-∂pw- knw-K-v Iq-´n-t®¿-Øp-.F-kv.-_n.-Sn- tP-Xm-°ƒae- ∏- p-ds- Ø- B-th-iØ - n-em-gvØ - n- s]-cn-¥¬-aÆ - b - n¬- \-S∂ - - kw-ÿm-\¢-_v- ^p-Stv- _mƒ- Nm-ºy≥-jn-∏n-s‚- ss^-\e - n¬- G-I] - £ - o-ba- m-b- H-cp- tKm-fn\v- hn-hm- tI-cf - s - b- tXm¬-∏n-®v- Xn-cp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cw- F-kv._ - n.-Sn- In-co-Sw- t\-Sn.- C-cpSo-ap-If - pw- A-th-iI - c- a- m-b- {]-IS- \ - a- m-W-v Im-gN -v h - ® - X - .v - H-∂mw- ]-Ip-Xn-bp-sS- 31˛mwan-\n-‰n¬- F-kv._ - n.-Sn-bp-sS- kvs - s{S-°¿- ap-lΩ - Z- v- jm-^n-bp-sS- ap-∂p-∂- tjm-´mWv- hn-Pb - n-Is - f- I-s≠-Øn-bX - v.-

Du¿P k ze a mb nhna ¬I pa m¿sh-

≈- tjm-Sk -v pw- _-\n-b\ - pw- AWn-™p- _m-Ua-v n-‚¨ - - tIm¿-´n¬- X-eßpw- hn-eß - pw- ]m-bp-tºmƒ- \m¬-∏t- Øgp-Im-c\ - m-b- hn-a¬-Ip-am¿- C-t∏m-gpw- bp-hXz-Øn-s‚- Du¿-Pk - z-eX - b - n¬- X-s∂.F-Æw- ]-d™ - - tjm-´p-If - p-sS- I-Æ©n-∏n-°¬- C-t∏m-gpw- A-ßs- \- X-s∂.Ir-Xy-Xb - m¿-∂- _m-°l -v m-‚ -v thm-fn-bpwam-ka-v c- n-Ia- m-b- kva- m-jpw- ]-Xd- n-Øp-Sß - nbn-´n-√.- Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw- {io-aq-ew- ¢∫n¬- hn-a¬-Ip-am-dn-s‚- {]-I-S-\w- ImWm≥- \q-dp-IW - ° - n-\m-fp-Iƒ- F-Øn-bXpw- C-sXm-s°- {]-Xo-£n-®p- sIm-≠pX-s∂.tI-cf - Ø - n-se- _m-Uav- n-‚- ¨- Xm-cß-fp-sS- H-Øp- tN-ce - m-bn-cp-∂p- th-Zn.1958˛-se- kw-ÿm-\- Nm-ºy≥- ap-X¬_m-‰-v ssI-bn-te-¥m≥- Xp-Sß - n-bh - ¿- hsc- h-s∂-Øn-bn-cp-∂p.hn-a-en-s\-°q-Sm-sX- k-tlm-Z-c≥bp.-hn-t\m-Zv- Ip-am-dpw- _m-Uva- n-‚W - n¬tI-cf - Ø - n-se- G-I- A¿-Pp-\- A-hm¿-U-v tP-Xm-h-v tUm.-tPm¿-P-v tXm-ak - pw- F-Ønbn-cp-∂p.- U-_nƒ-kn-em-bn-cp-∂p- {]-Z¿i-\w.- hn-a¬-Ip-am-dpw- tPm¿-Pp- tXm-ak - pwH-cp-`m-KØ - pw- hn-t\m-Zpw- ap≥-kw-ÿm-\Xm-cw- kp-tc-jI -v p-am-dpw- a-dp-`m-KØ - p-am-bmWv- A-Wn- \n-c∂ - X - .v - km-£n-bm-Im≥- hna¬-Ip-am-dn-s‚- ]n-Xm-h-v D-Æn-°r-jW -v ≥\m-bc- pw- F-Øn-bn-cp-∂p.{]-Im-i-v ]-Zp-t°m-Wn-s\m-∏w- hn-a¬-

Xn-cp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cw- {io-aq-ew- ¢-∫n¬- hn-a¬-Ip-am¿- (h-et- Ø-b‰- w)sS-∂n-kv- I-fn-°m-tcm-sSm-∏wIp-am¿- _mw-•q¿- _m-‰a-v n≥-U≥- A-°mU-an-bn¬- Ip-´n-Is - f- ]-cn-io-en-∏n-°p-Ibm-Wv- C-t∏mƒ.- C-¥y-bp-sS- \m-\m-`mK-ß-fn¬-\n-∂p- sX-c-s™-Sp-Ø- ]Ømw-¢m-k-v hn-Zym¿-Yn-Is- f-bm-W-v A-hnsS- ]-cn-io-en-∏n-°p-∂s - X-∂v- hn-a¬-Ipam¿- ]-d™ p.]-Tn-°m-\p-≈- sN-eh - p-am-{X-ta- Ip´n-Iƒ- h-ln-t°-WSv- X - p-≈p.- _m-°n- apgp-h≥- Nn-e-hpw- A-°m-U-an- X-s∂-bmWv- h-ln-°p-∂X - v.- cm-Py-Øn-s‚- ]-e`- mK-Øp-\n-∂p- C-Øc- w- A-°m-Ua- n-Iƒ- XpS-ßm-\p-≈- £-Ww- e-`n-°p-∂p-≠.v - tI-

c-fØ - n-epw- A-\p-Iq-ea- m-b- km-lN - c- ywD-≠m-bm¬- A-°m-U-an- Xp-S-ßm≥Xm¬-]c- y-ap-s≠-∂pw- hn-a¬- ]-d™ p.tI-c-f-Øn¬- s]m-Xp-th- U-_nƒkn-t\m-Sm-Wp- I-fn-°m¿-°p- I-ºw.- knwKnƒ-kn¬- A-{X- Xm-e] -v c- yw- t]m-c.- C≥tUm¿- tÃ-Un-bß - f - p-sS- Ip-dh - m-W-v tIc-fs - Ø- kw-_‘ - n-®S- t- Øm-fw- Cu- Ifn- h-fc- m≥- X-Sk - a- m-bn-´p-≈X - .v - Cu- Ah-ÿ- am-‰n-sb-Sp-°≥- kw-LS- \ - I - f - pwk¿-°m-cpw- {i-an-°W - w.- A-t∏mƒ- tI-cf-Øn¬-\n-∂p- an-I® - X - m-cß - ƒ- h-f¿-∂ph-cp-sa-∂-v hn-a¬-Ip-am¿- ]-d™ p.-


cmyk

8

Im-gv-N-

2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 01˛14

A-g-sIm-g-º-\m-b- "t{I-kn- tKm-]m-e≥-'`mh- \- - ao-Un-b- hn-j\- p-th-≠n- i-in- [- c- ≥- hn- £va- W - s - \- (k-enw-Ip-am-¿)- ]-cn-Nb - s - ∏-Sp-∂p.\n¿-Ωn-®-v Un-]p- I-Yb - pw- Xn-c° - b - pw- kw-`m-jW - hp\jvS- s - ∏-´p-t]m-b- X-s‚- X-dmhm-Sv- X-nc - n-®p-]nsa-gp-Xn- kw-hn-[m-\w- sN-bX v- - kn-\n-ab - m-Wv- "t{I- Sn-°p-∂-Xn-t\-°m-fp-]-cn- C-t∏mƒ- C-bm-fp-sS- ekn- tKm]m-e≥.'- Du-™m-em-Sn- {Km-aØ - n-se- sN- £yw- e-£a-v W - s - ‚- A-Ωs - b- Nn-In-’n-°m-\p-≈]-Ww- I-s≠-Øp-∂Xn-em-W.v - A-ßs- \- A-h¿- t]m°-‰S- n-®p-≠m-°n-b- ]-Wh - pw- tam-jvS- n-®- am-eb - pwkz¿-Wm-`c- W - ß - f - pw- A-h¿-°-v _-kn¬-h® - -v \-j-v S-am-Ip-∂p.- A-X-v e-`n-°p-∂X - -v l-cn-iN -v {- µ-\m-W-v (lA\n¬-Ip-am¿- \m-tfm-Øp-Ip-Sncn-{io- A-tim-I≥).- A-bm-sf- t]m-eo- k - v- A-dk - ‰v- vdp-In-S- tam-jS-v m-hm-b- (X-s‚- A-—s - \- I-≈\ - m-°n- sN-øp-∂p.b- {Km-ah - m-kn-It- fm-Sp-≈- {]-Xn-Im-cw)- I-Sf v- - tKmF-∂m¬- ]n-s∂- B-sc-sb-¶n- e - pw- In-U\ v- m-∏v]m-es‚- Po-hn-XØ - n¬- kw-`h - n-°p-∂- Zp-c¥ - ß - - sN-bX v- v- hn-et- ]-in- Im-ip-≠m-°mw- F-∂v- e-£av- fpw- A-bmƒ-°p-≠m-Ip-∂- {]Xn-Im-ch - m©-bp- a- m-W-v W-\pw- tKm-]m-e\ - pw- Xo-cp-am-\n-°p-∂p.- A-h¿ U{]-ta-bw.bm-\sb- In-Uv-\m-∏v- sN-øpI-Svf - - tKm-]m- e - ≥- (Zn-eo-]v)- \-Kc - Ø - n-se-Øp∂p.- F-∂m-eh - ƒ- Xm≥∂-Xv- Iq-Sp-X¬- \-√- co-Xn-bn¬- I-f-hv- \-S-ØmtIm-So-iz-cn-sbm-∂p-a√ - \m-Wv.- Du-™m-em-Sn- {Km-aØ - n¬- A-bmƒtImƒ-tK-fm-sW-∂p-]°n-\n- {]-Xn-Im-cß - s - fm-∂pw- sN-øm-\nd-™v- A-h-c-p-sS- ]√m-ØX - p-am-Imw- Im-cW - w.- C-sX-¥p°¬-\n-∂pw- c-≠m-bnX-cw- `m-h\ - b - m-sW-∂-v kw-hncw- cq-]- X-´n-®-v c-£s- ∏[-m-b-I-t\m-Sp-X-s∂Sp-∂p.- Cu- tem-IØ - ntNm-Zn-°W - w.- Ase- H-cp- tImƒ-tK-fpß-s\- \-Kt]m-epw- Xm≥- tImƒ-tKfm-sW-∂p-]d- ™ - -v \-S° - mdn-√ F-∂- km-am-\y-\o-Xnt]m-epw- Cu- kn-\n-a-bp-sSc-Nn-bn-Xm-hn-√m-sX-t]m-bnF- ∂ p- t h- W w- A- \ p- a m- \ n°m≥.]n-∂o-Sm- W - h-¿- A-dn-bp-∂Xv- A-hƒ- b-Ym¿-∞-Øn¬tIm-So-iz-cn-bm-sW-∂.v - C≥-shkv-t‰-gv-kv- _m-¶n-s‚- sN-b¿am≥- _m-_p- tPm-Wn-s‚- (a-t\m-Pv- sI.- P-b≥)- k-tlm-Zc- n-bpwA-Øc - w- ÿm-]\ - ß - f - p-sS- FwUn-bp-am-sW-∂.v - ]n-∂o-Sh - ƒ- t\cn-´v- Cu- I-≈-∑m¿-°v- ap-∂n-seØp-Ib - m-W,v - X-s∂- In-U\ -v m-∏-v sNbv-Xv- ]-Øp-e-£w- cq-]- X-s‚- ktlm-Z-c-\n¬-\n-∂pw- hm-ß-W-sa∂p]-d-™v.- bp-‡n-cm-ln-Xy-Øn-s‚c-Øn-se-Ø-s∏-´- sIm-Sp-ap-Sn-bn¬- \n¬-°p-∂-h¿-t°- C-ß-s\tKm-]m-e≥- A-Ω-bv-°v- sbms°- kr-jSv- n- \-SØ - m≥- ]-‰q.Nn-In-’n- ° - m≥- ]-Ww- I-s≠_m-_p- tPm¨- ]Ww- \¬-In- X-s‚- s]-ßØm≥- t]m-°‰- S- n-°pw- A-√d- - Nn- sf- c-£n-°p-∂p.- A-hƒ- C-ß-s\-sbm-s°- sN√-d- tam-jW - ß - ƒ-°p-am-bn- \-S° - p-∂- e- øp-∂X - -v X-\n-°n-jS-v a- n-√m-Ø- hn-hm-lØ - n¬-\n-∂pw-

I-≠X - v-

"-Im-k-t\m-h-'-˛-bnse- \m-bn-I-am¿:-e-£v-an- tdm-bv,- {]n-b-¶m- \m-b¿a-eb - m-f- kn-\n-ab - n¬- X-t‚-Xm-b- H-cp- ssi-en- kr-jvS- n-®v- {i-t≤-b\m-b- tdm-j≥- B≥-{Uq-kv- t\m-´v-_p-°n-\p-ti-jw- kw-hn-[m-\w-sN-øp∂- Nn-{X-am-W-v Im-kt- \m-h.- tIm-¨^ - n-U‚ - -v F-‚¿-sS-bn≥-sa-‚ n-s‚- _m\-dn¬- tUm-ISv- ¿- tdm-bn- kn.-sP.- \n¿-an-°p-∂- Cu- Nn-{X-Øn¬- tam-l≥em¬- tI-{µ-I-Ym-]m-{X-sØ- A-h-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂p.- e-£v-an- tdm-bv,- {]n-b¶m- \m-b¿- F-∂n-hc - m-Wv- \m-bn-Ia- m¿.- B-cy,- i-¶¿,- P-KX - n- {io-Ip-am-cv,em-ep- A-eI - k -v -v F-∂n-hc- m-W-v Im-kt- \m-hb - n-se- a-‰-v {]-[m-\- Xm-cß - ƒ.-

t_m-_n- k-RP -v b - -v Xn-c° - Y - ,- kw-`m-jW - w- F-gp-Xp-∂- Cu- Nn-{X-Øns‚- Om-bm-{K-lW - w- B¿.- Zn-hm-Ic - ≥- \n¿-hl - n-°p-∂p.- Kn-co-jv- ]p-Øt©-cn,- h-be - m¿- i-cX - N v- {- µ-h¿-a- F-∂n-hc - p-sS- h-cn-Iƒ-°v- A¬-t^m≥kv,- tKm-]n- kp-µ¿- F-∂n-h¿- Cu-Ww- ]-Ic- p-∂p.- H-∏w- Ku-cn- F-∂- ]-Xn-\©p-hb - k - p-Im-cn- Km-\c - N - \ - b - pw- kw-Ko-X- kw-hn-[m-\h - pw- \n¿-hl - n-®- Hcp- Km-\h - pw- Cu- Nn-{X-Øn-ep-≠v.I-e˛- - kp-\n¬- _m-_p,- h-k{v- Xm-e¶ - m-cw-˛- km-bn,- ta-°∏ - ˛v- - c-RP v- n-XvA-ºm-Sn,- Ãn¬-kv-˛- jm-\n,- ]-c-ky-I-e-˛- tIm-fn≥-kv- en-tbm-^n¬,- kwL-´\ - w-˛- {^m≥-k-v kv] - n¬-tem-k-v (B-{^n-°)- ,- F-Un-‰nw-K˛-v - c-RP -v ≥- G{_-lmw,- s{]m-U£ - ≥- F-Ik v- n-Iyq-´o-h˛v- - B-‚W - n- C-Ss - °m-®n,- a-t\m-Pv]q-¶p-∂w,- s{]m-U£ - ≥- I-¨t- {Sm-f¿-˛- Un-Ik -v ¨ - - s]m-Sp-Øm-k,v - hn-Xc- Ww-˛- ssh-im-Jm- dn-eo-kv,- hm¿-Øm- {]-Nc- W - w-˛- F.-Fk - v.- Zn-t\-iv.-

c-£-s∏-Sm-\pw- X-s‚- Im-ap-I≥- kq-c-Pn- (a[phm-cy¿)- t\m-sSm-∏w- hn-tZ-iØ - p-t]m-bn- Po-hn-°m\p-am-W.v C≥-sh-kt-v ‰-gk -v -v _m-¶n¬- h-®n-cp-∂- X-s‚- Nne- tUm-Iyp-sa-‚p-Iƒ- F-Sp-°m-\m-bn- tKm-]m-e\ - pap-∂n¬- Nm-t°m- (tam-l≥- tPm-k)v- - F-Øp-Ib - mWv.- X-\n-°pw- e-£va- W - \ - pw- A-Xym-hi - y-am-bn-cn°p-∂- ]-Ww- Nm-t°m- \¬-Im-sa-∂p- ]-d™ - t- ∏mƒtKm-]m-e≥- B- tPm-en- G-s‰-Sp-°p-∂p.- Ir-Xy-ambn- _m-¶n-se- tem-°d- n¬-\n-∂pw- {]-am-Wß - ƒ- FSp-°p-∂p.- F-∂m¬- A-sXm-cp- I-_f - n-∏n-°e - n- s - ‚`m-Kam-bn-cp-∂p.- C≥-sh-ktv- ‰-gk v- v- _m-¶n-s‚- sNb¿-am≥- _m-_p- tPm¨- H-cp-°n-b- sI-Wn.- Abmƒ- _m-¶n¬- L-Sn-∏n-®- I-ym-ad- b - n-eq-sS- tem-Iwap-gph≥- I-≈∑ - m-cm-bn- tKm-]m-et- \-bpw- e-£a-v W - t\-bpw- I-≠p-Ig- n-™p.- F-∂m¬- _m¶v- sIm-≈b-Sn-®-v ]-Øp-tIm-Sn- X-´n-sb-Sp-ØX - -v _m-_p- tPm¨X-s∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p.- _m-_p- tPm¨- C-\n-sbm-cp- sXfn-hp-t]m-epw- A-ht- i-jn-∏n-°m-Xn-cn-°m-\m-bn- Ah-sc- h-Ih - c- p-Øm≥- {ian-°p-∂p.- F-∂m¬- e-£-v a-W≥- am-{X-am-W-v a-cn-®X - .v c-£s - ∏-Sm-\m-bn- I-Se - n¬- Nm-Sn-b- tKm-]m- e - ≥X-cn-In-S- hm-kp- (P-K-Xn- {io-Ip-am¿)- hn-s‚- ssIbn-se-Øp-∂p.- A-bmƒ- tKm-]m-es - \- c-£n-°p-∂Xv- A-h¿- A-Sn-®p-am-‰n-b- tIm-Sn-If - p-sS- ]-¶p t- amln-®m-W.v - F-∂m¬- tKm-]m-es - ‚- ssI-bn¬- H-∂pan-√m-bn-cp-∂t- √m.- A-h¿- C-cp-hc - pw- tN¿-∂v- C≥sh-ktv- ‰-gk v- v- _m-¶v- sIm-≈b - S- n-°p-∂p.- Cu- Hm-´∏m-®n-en-\n-Sb - n-em-Wv- tKm-]m-e≥- ho-≠pw- U-bm\-sb- I-≠p-ap-´p-∂X - v.- Xm≥- ]-Ww-sIm-Sp-Øv- klm-bn-°m≥- sN-∂- A-\m-Ym-eb - Ø - n¬-h® - .v - Ahsf-bpw- _m-_p- tPm¨- NXn-°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p.- kqcPn-s\- A-bmƒ- h-I-h-cp-Øn.- k-Xy-Øn¬- _m_p- tPm¨,- tPm¨- k-°d- n-b- F-∂- X-s‚- A-∏®-s‚- h-f¿-Øp-]p-{X-\m-bn-cp-∂p.- A-hf - p-sS- a-Ωntb-bpw- Um-Un-tb-bpw- _m-_p- h-Ih - c- p-Øp-Ib - mbn-cp-∂p.]n-∂o-S-v A-hf - pw- tN-cp-Ib - m-W-v {]-Xn-Im-cØ - n\m-bn.- A-ßs - \-bm-Wh - ƒ- B-Zyw- tKm-]m-e≥- apJm-¥n-cw- H-cp- tIm-Sn- cq-]- _m-_p- tPm-Wn-¬-\n∂pw- X-´n-sb-Sp-°p-∂X - .v - Nm-t°m- k-Xy-sa-√mw- IΩo-jW - t- dm-Sv- Xp-d∂ - p-]d- b - p-∂p.- _m-_p- tPm¨A-dk - ‰v- n-em-Ip-∂p.- c-£s - ∏-Sp-Øm-s\-∂- hym-tP\- _m-_p-hn-s\- U-bm-\- X-´n-s°m≠p-t]m-Ip-∂p.tK-m] - m-e\ - pw- P-KX - n-bpw- tN¿-∂-v _m-_phn-s\- ISen¬- sI-´n-Øm-gØ -v p-∂p.- tKm-]m- e - ≥- U-bm-\t- b-

bpw- Iq-´n- Du-™m-em-Sn- {Km-a-Øn-se-Øp-∂p.- as‰m-cp- I-Sf v- - tKm-]m-e\ - m-bn- l-cn-iN v- {- µ≥- am-dp-Ibpw- sN-øp-∂p.an-I® - - kw-hn-[m-bI - \ - m-Im≥- Un-]p-hn-\-v {i-an®m¬- I-gn-bpw.- A-Xn-s‚- em-©\ - I - ƒ- Cu- Nn-{XØn-ep-≠v.- F-∂m-sem-cp- Xn-c° - Y - m-Ir-Øm-bn- amdp-I- C-Øn-cn- {]-bm-ka- m-W.v - Im-cW - w- C-Øc- s - amcp- bp-‡n-cl - n-Xa- m-b- I-Yb - p-≠m-°n-bX - p-Xs - ∂.IYm-]m- {- X-ßs - f- kr-jvS- n-°m≥- I-gn-bm-ØX - p-Xs∂.- A-`n-\b - a- p-lq¿-Øß - ƒ- kr-jS-v n-°m-\pw- I-

gn-™n-√,- Nm-t°m-bp-tS-sXm-gn-®m¬-.- a-t\m-P-v sI.P-b\ - pw- Ip-g∏ - ap-≠m-°n-bn-√- F-∂pw- th-Ws- a-¶n¬]-db - mw.- G-‰h - pw- A-gs - Im-gº - \ - m-bn-t∏m-bX - -v tKm]m-e≥- X-s∂-bm-Wv.- c-ml - p¬- cm-Pn-s‚- hy-‡X - bn-√m-Ø- kw-Ko-Xw- - t{]-£I - ¿-°v- A-kz-ÿm-P\-Iw- X-s∂.- Un.-IÆ - ≥- Om-bm-{K-lW - Ø - n-s‚_m-e] - m-Tw-t]m-epw- A-dn-bm-Ø- B-fm-sW-∂-v tXm∂n-t∏m-bn.- a-Ø- \-´m¬- Ip-º-fw- a-p-f-bv-°p-tam?Cu- kn-\n-ab - ° -v -v sam-ØØ - n¬- _m-[I - a- m-W-v Cu]g-sam-gn.-

sX-‰n-b- Xm-fw- sa-cp-°n-sb-Sp-°m≥"-tUm-Iv-S¿- t]-jy-‚ v-'{`m¥ - -v H-cp- tcm-Ka- √ - ,- H-cp- A-hÿ - bm-Wv.- kv-t\-l-tØm-sS,- A-\p-I-ºtbm-sS,- £-at- bm-sS- am-‰n-sb-Sp-°m-hp∂- am-‰n-sb-Sp-t°-≠- H-cp- A-hÿ - b - mWn-sX-∂-v hn-iz-kn-°p-Ib - pw- {]-h¿-Øn°p-I-bpw- sN-øp-∂- tUm-Iv-S-dm-Wv- dq_≥- sF-kI - .v - a-\i - m-k{-v X-Øn-s‚- AI-Øf - ß - f - n-te-°-v C-dß - n-s®-∂-v a-\k - ns‚- sX-‰n-b- Xm-fw- sa-cp-°n-sb-Sp°m≥- an-Sp-°\ - m-b- dq-_≥- sF-kIv.\-Kc- Ø - n-se- {]-ik - X -v a- m-b- Hcp- am-\k - n-Im-tcm-Ky- B-ip-]{- Xnbn-te-°-v ]p-Xn-b- tUm-IS-v d- m-bn- FØp-Ib - m-W-v dq-_≥- sF-kI - .v - cmJn- tZ-h-Zm-kv- F-∂- sN-dp-∏-°mcn-bm-W-v B-ip-]{- Xn-bp-sS- Fw-Un.Im-\U - b - n¬- Xm-ak - n-°p-∂- sskIym-{Sn-Ãp-If - m-b- Z-ºX - n-If - p-sS- Htc-sbm-cp- a-If - m-Wv- cm-Jn- tZ-hZ- mkv.- tlm-kv-]n-‰¬- am-t\-Pv-sa-‚ v]m-km-bn- \m-´n-se-Øn-b- a-Iƒ°p-th-≠n- ]-Wn-Xp-sIm-Sp-ØX - mWv- Cu- tlm-kv] - n-‰¬.- {]-hm-knPo-hn-Xw- I-gn-s™-Øp-tºmƒ_m-°n-bp-≈- Im-ew- Cu- B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬- tk-h-\w- A-\p-jv-Tn°m-sa-∂pw- A-h¿- I-W° - p- Iq-´n.A-ta-cn-°b - n¬-\n-∂p- ]-T\ - w-Ig- ns™-Øn-b- a-Iƒ- \m-´n¬- \-√h - Æw- X-ßf - p-sS- ÿm-]\ - w- \-SØ - ns°m-≠p- t]m-Ip-sa-∂v- D-d-®- hnizm-kh - p-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.ap≥- ip-WT-v n-°m-cn-bm-W-v cm-JntZ-h-Zm-kv.- ]-´m-f-®n-´-tbm-sS- Bip-]-{Xn-°m-cy-߃- t\m-°n-\-S-

Øp-∂- cm-Jn-bp-sS- ap-∂n-te-°-v ]p-Xn-bNn-In-’m-]≤ - X - n-bp-am-bn- F-Øp-Ib - m-W-v tUm-IvS- ¿- dq-_≥- sF-kI - v.- \n-eh - n-ep≈- co-Xn-If - n¬-\n-∂pw- hy-Xy-kX -v a- m-bntUm-Iv-S¿- {`m-¥n-\v- Nn-In-’n-°p-∂-XvB-ip-]{- Xn- am-t\-Ps -v a-‚ n-\-v ]n-Sn-°p-∂n√.- {]-tXy-In-®v- Fw-Un-bm-b- cm-Jn- tZh-Zm-kn-\.v -

kvt- \-lw- sIm-≠pw- Im-cp-Wyw- sIm≠pw- tcm-Kn-Is - f- ip-{iq-jn-°m-\m-sW¶n¬- F-¥n-\m-W-v C-{X-bpw- ap-X¬- ap-S°n- B-ip-]{- Xn- ]-Wn-bp-∂s- X-∂m-W-v amt\-Ps -v a-‚ n-s‚- tNm-Zyw.- ]-t£,- dq-_≥D-Øc- w- ]-db - m-sX-Xs - ∂- X-s‚- I¿-Øhy-Øn-te-°-v I-S° - p-Ib - m-W-v sN-bX -v X - .v X-s‚- co-Xn-bm-Wv- i-cn-bm-sW-∂v- ÿm]n-°m-\p-≈- tUm-IS-v ¿- dq-_s‚- {i-ah - pw- am-t\-Ps-v a-‚n-s‚F-Xn¿-∏pw- B- tlm-k] -v n-‰e - nepw- A-h-cp-sS- Po-hn-X-Ønepw- kr-jS-v n-°p-∂- c-kI - c- a- mb- ap-lq¿-Øß - f - m-Wv- tUmIv-S¿- t]-jy-‚ v- F-∂- Nn-{XØn¬- Zr-iy-hX - I -v c- n-°p-∂X - .v F.-B¿.- ^n-enw-k-v C-‚¿\m-jW - e - n-s‚- _m-\d- n¬- hniz-\m-Y≥- Xn-c° - Y - s - b-gp-Xnkw-hn-[m-\w-sN-øp-∂- tUm-I-v S¿- t]-jy-‚n¬- P-bk - q-cy-bmWv- dq-_≥- sF-k° - m-bn- {]Xy-£-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv.- {]-km-Zv\n¿- a n- ° p- ∂ - Cu- Nn- { XØn¬- cm-[m-h¿-a-bm-Wv- cmJn- tZ-h-Zm-km-bn- A-`n-\-bn°p-∂X - .v ap-tI-jv,- P-K-Xn- {io-Ipam¿,- s\-Sp-ap-Sn- th-Wp,- kp-cmPv- sh-™m-dΩ - q-Sv,- am-f- A-chn-µ≥,- _n-Pp-°p-´≥,- A-\q]v- N-{µ≥,- hn.-B¿.- a-Wn-IW - -v T≥,- km-Pp- sIm-Sn-b≥,- Ir-j-v W-{]-`,- Ip-f∏ - p-≈n- eo-e- XpS-ßn-bh - c- m-W-v a-‰-v A-`n-t\-Xm°ƒ.cmyk


cmyk

Im-e-n-IwB-lv-fm-Zw- \n-d-™- {]-Xn-I-c-W-߃-

2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 01˛14

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`q-tKm-f-sa-ßpw- hm-b-\-bv-°v- e-`ywssZz-hm-cn-Ib- m-bn- {]-kn-≤o-Ic- W - w- Bcw-`n-®-v Ip-d™ - Im-eØ - n-\p-≈n¬- t{Im-kt-v dmUv- tem-Is - a-ºm-Spw- hm-b\ - ° - m¿-°v- A-®S- n-®tIm-∏n-bm-bpw- Hm-¨s - se-\n-epw- e-`n-°p-∂X - ns‚- B-lvf - m-Zw- \n-d™ - {]-Xn-Ic - W - ß - ƒ- Znh-tk-\- F-Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wv.- "-"`- o-Ic-sc- Xp-cØ - m≥-''- - F-∂- X-es- °-´n-ep-≈- sa-bn≥tÃm-dn- A-Sß - n-b- I-gn-™- e-°w- t{Im-ktv- dmUv- Xo-{h-hm-Z- hn-cp-≤- k-aq-ls - Ø- i-‡n-s∏Sp-Øm≥- sIm-®n- kn-‰n- t]m-eo-kv- kw-LS- n-∏n-

F-Un-t‰-gv-kv- t\m-´v®- "-"B - k - ] v- n-tc-j≥-k'v- '- - sa-Km- tjm-tbm-Sv- A\p-_‘ - n-®-v hym-]I - a- m-bn- hn-Xc- W - w- sN-bX -v p.B-bn-cß - ƒ- ]-cn-]m-Sn-bn¬- ]-s¶-Sp-Øn-cp-∂p.h-fs - c- an-I® - - kzo-Ic - W - a- m-Wv- t{Im-ktv- dm-Un\v- A-t∏m-gpw- e-`n-®X - v.t{Im-kt-v dm-U-v ssZz-hm-cn-I- A-tX- t]m-seX-s∂- t]-Pv- hn-\ym-kØ - n¬- tem-IØ - v- F-hntS-bpw- C-‚¿-s\-‰v- I-W£ - ≥- D-≈- Iw-]yq-´d- pI-fn¬- hm-bn-°mw.- do-Un-kI v- h - ¿- tI-cf - - tUm´v- tImw- F-∂- sh-_s-v sk-‰n-em-W-v t{Im-kt-v dmUv- ]-Xn-∏p-Iƒ- C-t∏mƒ- {]-kn-≤o-Ic - n-°p-∂-

Xv.- sh-_v- hn-em-kw-:- www.rediscoverkerala. com.tlmw- t]-P-v Xp-d∂ - m-ep-S≥- t{Im-kt-v dm-U-v G-‰h - pw]p-Xn-b- ]-Xn-∏n-s‚- H-∂mw- t]Pv- Im-Wmw.- A-Xn¬- ¢n-°v- sNbvX - m¬- t{Im-ktv- dm-Uv- ]q¿-Wcq-]Ø - n¬- F-√m- t]-Pp-If - pw- hcpw.- cq-]Ø - n-epw- D-≈S- ° - Ø - nepw- am-‰a- n-√m-sX- F-∂m¬- IqSp-X¬- an-gn-thm-sS- t{Im-ktv- dmUv- tem-Is- a-ºm-Sp-ap-≈- hm-b\ - °m¿-°-v hm-bn-°m-\m-Ipw.- ]p-Xnb- e-°ß - ƒ- h-cp-tºmƒ- ]-gb - h- B¿-°s- sh-kn-te-°p- am-‰pw.A-hn-sS- \n-∂p- F-Sp-Øp- ]n-∂oSpw- hm-bn-°m≥- ku-Ic- y-ap-≠.v G-Xp- k-ab - Ø - pw- F-hn-sS-bn-cp∂pw- hm-bn-°m-sa-∂p-≈X - p- sIm≠v- hm-b\ - ° - m¿-°-v t{Im-kt-v dmUv- \-jSv- s - ∏-Sn-√.- G-Xp- t]-PpwB-hi - ym-\p-kc- W - w- {]n-‚ -v sNbvX - -v kq-£n-°p-Ib - pw- sN-ømw.]n-Un-F-^v- (t]m¿-´-_nƒ- tUm-Iyp-sa-‚ vt^m¿-am-‰)-v - cq-]Ø - n-em-W-v Iw-]yq-´d- n¬- C-‚¿-s\‰n-eq-sS- In-´p-∂- t{Im-kvt- dm-Uv.- A-tUm-_v- hn-Ikn-∏n-®- tUm-Iyp-sa-‚ v- F≥-tIm-Unw-Kv- t{]m-k-

kv- B-W-v ]n-Un-F^ - .v - A-tUm-_-v do-U¿- C≥-Ãmƒ- Un-F^ - n-em-W.v - t{Im-kt-v dm-U-v ]n-Un-F^ - -v UusN-bX -v n-´p-≈- Iw-]yq-´d- p-If - n¬- ]n-Un-F^ - -v hm-bn- ¨-tem-Uv- sN-bv-Xv- Iw-]yq-´-dn¬- tk-hv- sN-bvXm¬- k-ab - w- In-´p-tºmƒ- hm-bn-°mw.- `m-hn-bnte-°-v kq-£n-®p-hb - ° -v p-Ib - p-am-Imw.N-ß\ - m-ti-cn-bn¬- \n-∂-v 1994 ap-X¬- {]-kn≤o-Ic- n-®p- h-cp-∂- k-aI - m-en-I- {]-ta-bß - ƒ-°mbp-≈- A-¥¿-tZ-io-b- a-eb - m-fw-˛C - w-•o-j-v am-knI-bm-b- do-˛U - n-kvI - h - ¿- tI-cf - b - p-tS-Xm-Wv- sh_vs - sk-‰v.- do-˛U - n-kI v- h - ¿- tI-cf - - Iq-Sm-sX- a-‰p{]-ap-J- {]-kn-≤o-Ic- W - ß - f - p-sS- Hm-¨s- se≥- ]Xn-∏q-Iƒ- ssh-_s -v sk-‰n-eq-sS- \-eI -v m≥- do-UnkvI - h - ¿- tI-cf - - tUm-´v- tIm-an-\v- ]-≤X - n-bp-≠v.A-Xn¬- B-Zy- a-eb - m-f- ssZz-hm-cn-Ib - m-W-v t{Imkvt- dm-U.v A-`n-{]m-b-ß-fpw- \n¿-tZ-i-ß-fpw- A-dn-bn°p-I.- I-Øp-Iƒ- F-Ik -v n-Iyq-´o-h-v F-Un-‰¿,- t{Imkvt- dm-U,v - t]m-Ã-v t_m-Ik -v -v \-º¿-:- 4238,- sN-dp]p-j] v- w- se-bn≥,- I-eq¿- ]n.-H.,- sIm-®n-˛6- 82017,tI-cf - w,- C-¥y- F-∂- hn-em-kØ - n¬- A-b° - mw.C- s a- b n¬- : - editor.crossroad@gmail.com °mw.- ku-P\ - y-am-bn- Uu-¨t- em-U-v sN-øm-hp-∂H-cp- tkm-^v-‰v-sh-b¿- B-Wv- A-tUm-_v- do-U¿.^pƒ- sS-Ià -v -v C-eI - t-v {Sm-Wn-I-v tP¿-We - p-Iƒ- temI-hym-]I - a- m-bn- km-[m-cW - - hm-bn-°s- ∏-Sp-∂X - -v ]n-

hym-P- kn-Un-Iƒ-°v- I-Sn-™m-Wn-Sm≥tam-k¿- s_-b-dn-\v- I-gn-™phnk - n-Un-If - p-sS-bpw- Un-hn-Un-If - psS-bpw- hn-eI - p-db - v° - p-Ib - pw- N-e® - n-{X߃- dn-eo-km-bn- aq-∂p- am-kØ - n-\I - wX-s∂- hn-kn-Un-If - pw- Un-hn-Un-If - pw- hn]-Wn-bn-se-Øn-°p-Ib - pw- sN-øp-I- h-gnkn-\n-a-I-fp-sS- hym-P- kn-Un-Iƒ- C-dßp-∂X - v- \n-b{- ¥n-°m≥- tam-k¿- s_b-dn-\v- km-[n-®X - m-bn- tam-k¿- s_-b¿F-‚¿-s‰-bv≥s - a-‚ v- en-an-‰U - v- No-^v- Hm∏-td-‰n-ß-v Hm-^o-k¿- Pn.-[\ - R - P -v b - ≥- ]d-™p.hn-kn-Un- 28 cq-]-bv-°pw- Un-hn-Un34 cq-]b - ° v- pw- e-`y-am-°n-s°m-≠v- Km¿ln-I- hn-t\m-Z- hym-h-km-b-Øn¬- hnπ-hm-flI - a- m-b- am-‰w- h-cp-Øm≥- tam-k¿s_-bd- n-\-v I-gn-™X - m-bn- [-\R - P -v b - ≥]-d-™p.- hn-e- Ip-d-™-Xn-s‚- ^-e-ambn- 5,-000 tIm-Sn- cq-]- hm¿-jn-I- hn-‰p-hc- -

hp-≈- hym-Pk - n-Un- hn-]W - n-bn¬- 20 apX¬- 30 h-sc- i-X-am-\w- Ip-d-hv- hcp-Øm≥- I-gn-™n-´p-≠.v - t\-cs- Ø- ]-Swdn-eo-km-bn- B-dv- am-kw- I-gn-™m-Wvhn-kn-Un-bpw- Un-hn-Un- bpw- C-d-ßm-dv.Cu- Im-eb - f - h - v- aq-∂v- am-ka- m-°n- Ip-d®-X-v \n¿-Ωm-Xm-°ƒ-°-v h-en-sbm-c\ - p-{Kl-am-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv-;- A-h¿-°v- ap-S°n-b- Xp-I- t\-cs - Ø- X-s∂- e-`n-®p- XpS-ßpw.1983˛¬- U¬-ln-bn¬- H-cp- ssSw- sdt°m¿-U¿- bq-Wn-‰m-bn- {]-h¿-Ø\ - a- m-cw`n-®- tam-k¿- s_-b¿- C-¥y- en-an-‰-Uns‚- I-gn-™- h¿-js- Ø- hn-‰p-hc- h - -v 2000 tIm-Sn- cq-]b - m-W.v - 1988 ¬- ^vt- fm-]n- UnkvI - -v \n¿-am-WØ - n-te-°-v I-S∂ - - tam-k¿s_-b¿- ]n-∂o-Sv- Xn-cn-™v- t\m-°n-bn√.- tem-I-Øn-se- G-‰-hpw- h-en-b- _v-

fm-¶v- kn-Un,- Un-hn-Un- D¬-]m-ZI - c- m-Wvtam-k¿- s_-b¿- C-t∏mƒ.- 2006˛¬- tamk¿- s_-b¿- F-‚¿-s‰-bv≥s - a-‚ v- en-an-‰Un-eq-sS- hn-t\m-Z- hy-hk - m-bØ - n-te-°-v I-S-∂- I-º-\n- tlmw- hn-Un-tbm- hn-]W-\h - pw- N-e® - n-{X- \n¿-Ωm-Wh - pw- Xp-Sßn.- a-eb - m-fw,- ln-µn,- Cw-•o-jv,- X-an-gv,I-∂S- ,- a-dm-Øn,- Kp-Pd- m-Øn,- _w-Km-fn`m-jI - f - n¬- hn-kn-Un-If - pw- Un-hn-Un-Ifpw- e-`y-am-°p-∂- tam-k¿- s_-b¿- cmPy-sØ- G-‰-hpw- h-en-b- tlmw- F-‚¿s‰-bv≥s - a-‚ v- I-º\ - n-bm-Wv.- hn-hn-[- `mj-If - n-se- ]-Xn-\m-bn-cØ - n-te-sd- ssS‰n-ep-I-fp-sS- A-h-Im-iw- kz-¥-am-°nbn-´p-≈- I-º\ - n- C-Xp-hs - c-bm-bn- aq-hmbn-ct- Øm-fw- ssS-‰n-ep-Iƒ- hn-]W - n-bnse-Øn-®n-´p-s≠-∂v- [-\R - vP - b - ≥- ]-d™p.-

ssa-°nƒ- h¿-Ko-k-v am-t\-Pnw-K-v F-Un-‰¿tXm-ak - -v a-Øm-bn- I-cn-°w-]≈ - n¬F-Ik -v n-Iyq-´o-h-v F-Un-‰¿-

"-Ip-cp-t£-{X-'Un-hn-Unhn-]-Wn-bn¬"-Ip-cp-t£-{X-'b- p-sS- hn-kn-Un-If- p-sS-bpw- Un-hn-Un-If- p-sS-bpw- {]Im-i\ - w- Nn-{X-Øn-se- \m-bI - ≥- tam-l≥-em-epw- tam-k¿- s_-b¿- F-‚¿sS-bn≥-sa-‚ v- en-an-‰U - v- No-^v- Hm-]t- d-‰nw-Kv- Hm-^o-k¿- Pn.- [-\R - P v- b - \ - pwtN¿-∂-v \n¿-hl - n-®p.- Ip-cp-t£-{X-bp-sS- 101˛mw- Zn-\m-tLm-jt- Øm-S\ - p-_‘n-®-v \-S∂ - -v h¿-ÆW - i - _ - f - a- m-b- N-Sß - n¬- tam-k¿- s_-b¿- {^m-ss©kn-bpw- ssk-\- ho-Un-tbm- D-Sa- b - p-am-b- ]n.-Fw.-_m-h- B-Zy- kn-Un- G‰p-hm-ßntam-k¿- s_-b¿- {_m-©v- am-t\-P¿- (tI-cf - )- - A-\q-]v- tPm-¨,- Ip-cpt£-{X- kw-hn-[m-bI - ≥- ta-P¿- c-hn,- \n¿-am-Xm-hv- k-t¥m-jv- Zm-tam-Zc- ≥,Nn-{X-Øn-se- \-Sn- \-S≥-am¿,- a-‰v- A-Wn-d-b-d- {]-h¿-Ø-I¿- Xp-S-ßn-h¿kw-_‘ - n-®p.- \-Sn- \-S≥-am-sc-bpw- A-Wn-bd- - {]-h¿-ØI - s - c-bpw- D-]l - mc-߃- \¬-In- A-\p-tam-Zn-°p-Ib - pw- sN-bX v- p- .kw-ÿm-\Ø - v- C-Xm-Zy-am-bm-Wv- H-cp- ]-Sw- dn-eo-km-bn- aq-∂p- am-kw]q¿-Øn-bm-Ip-∂t- Xm-sS- hn-kn-Un-bpw- Un-hn-Un-bpw- ]p-dØ - n-d° - p-∂X - v.tam-k¿-s_-bd- n-s‚- sIm-®n-bn-se- F-fw-Ip-fØ - pw- ]m-em-cn-h´- Ø - pap-≈- tjm-dq-ap-If - n¬- hn-kn-Un-bpw- Un-hn-Un-bpw- e-`y-am-Wv.-

B-flo-b-X-bp-sS- h-gn-Øm-c-bn¬ •m-a¿-Xm-cw- \-Kv-asX∂ - n-¥y≥- kn-\n-am-cw-KØ - -v •ma¿- th-jß - f - n-eq-sS- B-cm-[I - e - £ - ß - sf- C-f° - n-ad- n-®- \-Ka-v - B-flo-bX - b - p-sSh-gn-Øm-cb - n¬.- a-eb - m-fw- kn-\n-aI - f - n¬•m-a¿- th-jØ - n-eq-sS- {i-t≤-bbm-bn- ]n-∂o-Sv- B-flo-bX - b - nte-°v- Xn-cn-™- D-Æn-ta-cn- \Kva- b - p-sS- ap-∂n-ep-≠.v ]-h¿- hn-j≥- Nm-\¬- H-cp°p-∂- kw-Ko-X- kp-hn-ti-jhn-cp-∂p-If - n¬- \-Ka-v - kp-hn-tij-{]-kw-Kw- \-SØ - p-∂p-≠.v - Bflo-b-X-bn-te-°v- Xn-cn-bm≥Im-cW - a- m-b- kw-`h - ß - ƒ- \-K-v a- hn-hc - n-°pw.- tI-cf - Ø - n-epwkp-hn-ti-j- {]-kw-Kw- \-SØ - p∂p-≠.v - tIm-´b - Ø - -v Xn-cp-\° - c- ssa-Xm-\Ø - v- \-SØ - n.Im-Xe - ≥,- _m-j- Xp-Sß - nb- X-an-gv- Nn-{X-ß-fn-eq-sS-bmWv- \-Kva- - sX-∂n-¥y≥- kn-\na-bn¬- Im-ep-d∏ - n-°p-∂X - .v - sXep-¶,v - I-∂S- ,- ln-µn,- t`m-P] -v q-cn- Nn-{X-ßfn-epw- th-j-an-´n-´p-≈- \-Kv-a- a-e-bm-fØn¬- {io-Ir-jW -v ] - p-cØ - -v \-£{- X-Ønf-°w,- N-Xp-cw-Kw- F-∂o- Nn-{X-ßf - n¬th-ja- n-´n-´p-s≠-¶n-epw- A-h- {i-t≤-ba- m-

bn-cp-∂n-√.I-gn-™- sk-]‰-v w-_d- n¬- a-{Zm-kn-se- hnkn-\n-ab - n¬-\n-∂-v Ip-td-°m-ea- m-bn- P-bv- ]m¿-°v- tlm-´e - n-em-bn-cp-∂p.hn-´p-\n¬-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂- \-Kv-a- C-\nh¿-jß - ƒ-°p- ap-ºv- \-Kav- - {In-°‰- vkp-hn-ti-j{- ]-h¿-Ø\ - ß - ƒ-°m-W-v {]m- Xm-cw- ku-ch - v- Kmw-Kp-en-s°m-∏w- Xn-cp∏-Xn-°-Sp-Øv- {io-I-f-l-kv-Xnt£-{X-Øn¬- ]q-P- \-SØ - n-bX - -v G-sd- hm¿-Øm-{]m-[m-\yw- t\-Snbn-cp-∂p.- ]n-∂o-S-v B¿-´-v Hm-^-v enhnw-K-v ^u-t≠-j\ - n¬- Aw-Ka- mbn.- F-∂m¬,- Xp-S¿-∂v- ss{I-kvX-h-hn-izm-k-Øn¬- B-Ir-jv-Sbm-hp-Ib - pw- a-X{- ]-`m-jW - c - w-KtØ-b° -v -v am-dp-Ib - p-am-bn-cp-∂p.ss_-_n-fn-s\- B-[m-c-am°n- H-cp- a-Wn-°q-dn-te-sd- k-ab - w{]-kw-Kw- \-SØ - m≥- C-t∏mƒ- \Kv-a-bv-°p- I-gn-bp-∂p-≠v.- ss__nƒ- hm-b-\- Po-hn-X-Øn¬- hf-sc- A-[n-Iw- am-‰w- h-cp-Øn-sb∂pw- a-‰p-≈h - ¿-°-v ss_-_n-fn-eqsS-bp-≈- h-N-\-߃- ]-I¿-∂p\¬-Im-\m-W-v C-t∏mƒ- {i-an-°p[m-\yw- \¬-Ip-Is - b-∂v- C-Xn-t\m-SI - w- ∂-sX-∂pw- \-Ka-v - ]-db - p-∂p.- \-Ka-v b - p-sShy-‡a- m-°n-°g- n-™p.- ]-©m-_n¬- ap- C-fb - - k-tlm-Zc- n- X-an-g-v kn-\n-am- Xm-cw- m-cw- kq-cy-bp-sS- `m-cykv-enw- Ip-Spw-_-Øn¬- P-\n-®- \-{a-Xm- tPym-Xn-I- bp-hX km-Z-\- F-∂- \-Kv-a- B-Zy-am-bn- {In-kv- bm-Wv.- tdm-j\ v- n- F-s∂m-cp- a-s‰m-cp- kXy≥- kp-hn-ti-j{- ]-kw-Kw- \-SØ - n-bX - -v tlm-Zc- n-bp-ap-≠.v cmyk


10

\¿-Ωw-

2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 01˛14

]p-©n-cn-®n-{XwXa- m-ipw- Iu-Xp-Ih- pw- B-I¿-jI- X- z-hpw- \n-d™ - F-{X-sb-{X- t^m-t´m-If - m-W-v C-˛s - a-bn-ep-If - n-eq-sS- Np-‰n-Øn-cn-bp-∂X - v.- hm-b\ - ° - m¿-°v- A-ßs - \-bp-≈h - t{Im-ktv- dm-Un-te-°v- A-b° - mw.- sX-cs - ™-Sp-Øh - - {]-kn-≤o-Ic- n-°pw.A-b-t°-≠- C-˛-sa-bn¬-:- photo.crossroad@gmail.com

A-]q¿-h- \n-an-j-߃Nn-e- ar-Kß - f - p-sS- Po-hn-XØ - n-se- A-]q¿-h- \n-an-jß - ƒ.\m-jW - ¬- tPym-{K-^n-I-v sX-cs - ™-Sp-Ø- an-I® - - t^m-t´m-Iƒ.(A-b® - p- X-∂X - :-v - am-b)- -

h-gn-tbm-cw-

^-en-X-Øp-≈n-Iƒ-

I-eym-W-s∏-Æn-s‚- sh-fp-Ø- h-kv-{XwsIm-®p-Ip-´n- H-cp- hn-hm-l- th-fb - n¬- A-Ωt- bm-Sv:- F-¥n-\m-W-v I-eym-Ws - ∏-Æ-v sh-fp-Ø- h-k{-v X-߃- [-cn®n-cn-°p-∂X - .v A-Ω:- - I-eym-Ws- ∏-Æn-s‚- Po-hn-XØ - n-se- G-‰h - pw- kt¥m-ja- p-≈- Zn-hk - a- m-bX - p-sIm-≠m-WX - .v Ip-´n- B-tem-Nn-®n-´:v- - A-Xp- i-cn,- I-eym-Ws - ®-dp-°≥F-¥n-\m- I-dp-Ø- kyq-´v- [-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂s - X-∂v- a-\k - n-embn.]nW - ß - n-t∏m-b- `m-cy-b° -v -v `¿-Øm-hn-s‚- I-Ø:-v - {]ntb,- F-s‚- lr-Zb - Ø - n-s‚- a-[p-ct- a.- \-Ωƒ- ]n-Wß - n- amdn- \n-∂-Xn¬- ]n-s∂- Rm≥- G-I-\m-bn.- \n-\-°p- Xn-cn®p- h-∂p- Iq-tS.- a-s‰m-cp-Øn-°pw- F-s‚- lr-Z-b-Øn-s‚hn-Sh - v- \n-IØ - m-\m-In-√.- \n-t∂-t∏m-se- a-s‰m-cp-hs - f- F\n-°v- C-\n- I-eym-Ww- I-gn-°m≥- e-`n-°n-√.- F-√mw- £an-®v- ]p-Xn-sbm-cp- Xp-S-°w- B-bn-°q-tS.- Rm≥- \n-s∂kvt- \-ln-°p-∂p.- \n-s∂- am-{Xw- Hm¿-Øv- `¿-Øm-hv.- Ip-dn∏v-:- \n-\-°v- tem-´-dn- A-Sn-s®-∂p- A-dn-™p.- A-`n-\-µ \ - ß - ƒ.-

amt- \-P¿-:- C-t∏mƒ- sXm-gn¬- \-eIv- m-\m-In-√.- C-hnsS- A-Xn-\p- X-°- tPm-en-bn-√..D-tZym-Km¿-Yn-:- A-Xp- i-cn- km¿,- Rm-\m-bn-cn-°pw- Chn-sS- i-cn-°pw- tbm-Pn-®-bmƒ.- F-s∂- \n-b-an-®m¬- Fs¥-¶¶ - n-epw- tPm-en- X-cW - s - a-∂v- Rm≥- tNm-Zn-°p-It- bbn-√.-

h° - o¬-:- ar-Xi - c- o-cw- ]-cn-tim-[n-®- k-ab - s - Ø-°p-dn®v- Hm¿-°p-∂p-t≠m-?tUm-IS-v ¿-:- t]m-Ãt-v am¿-´w- G-It- Z-iw- cm-hn-se- F-´c- bv° - m-W-v B-cw-`n-®X - .v h-°o¬-:- A-t∏mƒ- A-bmƒ- a-cn-®n-cp-t∂m-?tUm-IvS- ¿-:- C-√,- F-¥n-\m-Wv- Rm≥- t]m-Ãvt- am¿-´w\-SØ - p-∂s- X-∂-v A-¥n-®-v ta-ib - n¬- C-cn-°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p.tNmZ- yw-:- X-eI- p-Øn- \n-e° -v p-tºmƒ- c-‡w- X-eb - nte-°-v C-c® - p- I-bd- p-∂p.- F-∂m¬- Im-en¬- \n-e° -v p-tºmƒc-‡w- Im-en-te-°-v C-c® - p- h-cp-∂n-√.- F-¥m-W-v Im-cW - w.D-Øc- w-:- A-Xv- Im-ep-Iƒ- s]m-≈b - √ - m-Øp- sIm-≠mWv...]c- k - ] -v c- w- kvt- \-ln-°p-∂- bp-hX - o-bp-hm-°ƒ- hn-am\-Øn¬- \n-∂p- Nm-Sn- B-fl-l-Xy- sN-øm≥- Xo-cp-am-\n®p.- B-Zyw- bp-hm-hp- Nm-Sn-bt- ∏mƒ- bp-hX - n- ]n-t∂m-´p- amdn-bn-´p- ]-d™ - p.- kvt- \-lw- A-‘a- m-W.v - ]-Ip-Xn-°p- h-®p]m-cj - q-´v- Xp-d∂ - - bp-hm-hv- ]-d™ p.- kvt- \-lw- H-cn-°e - pwa-cn-°p-∂n-√.Xnc- t- °-dn-b- _-kn¬- H-cp- bm-{X-°m-c≥- s]-s´-∂vI-ÆS- ® - n-cn-°p-∂X - p- I-≠v- A-Sp-Øn-cp-∂b - mƒ-:- F-¥p- ]‰n-?- F-s¥-¶n-epw- A-kzm-ÿyw-?a-dp-]S- n-:- F-\n-°p- Ip-g∏ - s- am-∂p-an-√.- {]m-ba- m-bh - ¿- \nev° - p-∂X - p- Im-Wp-∂X - -v F-\n-°-v C-jS-v a- n-√.-

tdm-bn- ]n.- ]-t{Xm-kv-


t\mh¬-

2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 01˛14

A≤-ym-bw

2

Km-fio-h≥-

A-ßn-s\- H-cp- \mƒ,- km£m¬- G-Ø-∏n-≈n¬- G-kv-X∏m-t\m-kv- F-∂- G-kv-X-h≥- ]mt\m-kv- F-∂- ]m-t\m-kv- X-s‚a-Wn-sI-´n-b- a-Wn-am-fn-tI-sS- ap∂n-se- ]q-tam-Øv- H-‰-ap-≠-\pwXm-sg- sN-dp-ap-≠-\p-am-bn- Hmbn¬- am-t -Pv,- sk¬-^m-bn- ]m®n- sk-en-t{_-‰v- sN-bv-Xp-sIm≠n-cn-s°-bn¬,- kw-ÿm-\- a-Zyh¿-÷≥- {]-tk-¥n- km-£m¬Ip-kp-am-c-°p-´n- F-gv-»≥- Zn-hytPym-’y-\p-ap-∂n¬- B-K-¥p-I\m-bn,- h-W° - t- Øm-Sv- h-W° - a- mbn- h-W-°-am-kw- am-Xn-cn- H-Wßn- h-c-≠v- s]m-kn-j-\m-bn.- "-"F-_Sv- ∂ - m-tWm-thm- s]-´- s]-eme-bv-°v-'-'- ∂m-bn- km-£m¬- GkvX - h - ≥.-"-"-G-bv...-C-_v-S-bv-°-s∂- Xs∂- H-∂v- I-Wm-t\-bv-'-'-F-∂v- Fgv» - ≥.-"-"-F-∂m- I-t≠m-tf- I-Ævs]m-t´ym-fw- I-t≠m-tf-''- ∂ - v- G-kvX-h≥- aq-∏-®≥...- "-"-A-√m- F-gv-»\n-cp-∂n-t√-'-'-∂v- F-S-bv-°n-s´m-cpF-S-bv-°-°p-Øpw- Ip-Øn- G-kvX-h≥.-"-"-C-cn-°m-\pw- \n-°m-s\m-∂zt√-bv- Rm-\n-s¶-Sv- s]m-d-s∏-t´-bv'-'-A-∏-Sn- ]-d-t™m-≠vF-gv» - ≥,- Sn-bm≥- h-l- H-∂c - A-cn-®m-°v- Ip-≠n- S-t∏m-∂v- \m¬°m-en-s∏m-d-Øv- X-s∂- C-Sn-s®d-°n- F-dv-®n-bm-°n.- "-"-G-Ø-∏n≈n- C-cn-°-Wn-√ym-thm-?-'-'- ∂vtNm-Zyw- Ip-¥-am-°n- Ip-Øm-\pwa-d-∂n-√- ta-ev-]-Sn- h¿-÷≥.-"-"-G-bv- C-\n-°v- C-cn-°-W-ioew- A-¶-Sv- A-{X-bv-°n-eym-∂v- Ip´n-t°m-tf-'-'-∂v- G-Ø-h≥"- "- ¥ - m- aq-eØ - n¬- tN-\h - n-Øvs]m-t´ym-s\-W° - ?-v '- '- - F-∂-v Ip-kpam-c-°p-´n- F-gv-»≥-"-"-C-≠v- hn-Ø-{X-bv-°-¶v-Sv- aqØ-´n-√ym-'-'-∂v- G-kv-X-h≥- aqtØm≥.- ]-d-™v- ]-d-™v- In-fnIn-fo-∂v- In-fn-tIyw- sN-bv-Xp.- "-"s\-øv- `m-Kyw- sN-bv-tXm≥...- tN\-bv-s°-¥m- t∏m-sh-e-?-!-'-'- ]-d™-Xpw,- F-∂n-´v- C-Sn-ap-´n- am-Xn-

cn- B-sI- I-´-Ø-Sn-bm-b- h-´p-d∏≥- km-[-\w- H-s∂-Wo-‰v- ]nt∂w- H-cp- C-cn-∏-ß-´n-cp-∂p.- Np‰p-ht- ´mw- Np-‰n-I° - t- Æm-≠-v t_¿Uv- thm-®pw- Io-®pw- Io-®n,- H-Sp°w- ]q-tam-Øv- aq-e-bv-°v- Ip-´n-awK-eow- tam-fn-ev- A-S-∏pw,- A-Sp-∏vam-Xn-cn- Ão-se≥- In-fm-kpw,- IpSp-t°w-I-Æpw-sh-´-Øm-°n.- ]ns∂- sh-≈w- I-≠v- I-b-dv- s]m-´nt®m-SW - - ]-≠m-c∏ - ø - v- tam-Ue - v- Hmt¥m-´-tam-Sn-b- F-gv-»≥,- aw-K-ent®m-´n-ev- sN-s∂-Øn- B-{Im-¥Øn¬- \n-ev-]m-tb-bv...- "-"-¥m...-GØ-∏n-≈o-˛-kw-`m-cw- »n-H-i-º-\m¨- ∂p-t≠m-?-'-'"-"-ssh-t∂-cw- km-Øp-´n- sNsØy-d-°n- ]p-fn-∏n-®- km-am-\m.'-'- Ip-kp-am-c- Ip-´n-bm≥- hm-Ø- I≠- Xp-≈-∏-Wn-°-cm-im-s‚- tien-ev- s\m-´n-s\m-W-™v......-Ãm≥U-‰o-kn-bm-bn."-"¥ - m...-kw-`m-cw- A-km-cw- IpsØy-d-°-tWm- F-gv-»≥-?-'-'"-"-B-tøm-s´...-B- sN-°≥Nm-Øp-´ym-cv- Im-W-≠m-'-'"-"s - Z-¥m..-Fg- v» - \ - v- Nm-Øq-s\A-{X-bv-°-¶v-Sv- t]-Sym-?-'-'"-"-sN-°≥- in-cy-√- s‚- ]mt\m-tk.- \m-´n-sem-s°- Km-\-tafym-°pw- Ip-´n-∏n-im-iv.-'-'F - ∂ - m¬- s]m-´s - ∏m-Sp-∂s - \,km-Øm-\pw,- G-kv-X-h-s‚- ap≥Kp-cp-hpw- C-t∏mƒ- {]n-b-in-jy\pw,- Ip-´n-tØ-hm-¶pw,- I-cn-∏-´nbpw,- H-Sn-am-b-\p-am-b- km-£m¬Nm-Øp-°p-´n- m-Ø-∏≥,- Im-°n\n-°-dpw- aq-∂-Sn- B-fp-b-c-hp-ambn- B-sI- In-fn-®v- Im-´n- Ip-kpam-c-°p-´n- F-gv-»-\v- ap-∂n-ev- S-t]∂v- {]-Xy-£-`q-X-am-bn.- ^ - à v - ssk- ‰ n¬- B- s Issk-‰-Sn-®v- I-Æv- ]o-km-°n-°-fs™-¶n-epw,- Xm≥- F-∏-gpw- P-\sa-∂- P-\-td-j≥- I-gp-X-I-tfm-SvX-´n-aq-fn-°-W- kw-b-a-\≥- F-∂kz-bº - ≥- Im-´v- I-gp-tX-sS- Iq-´pwIq-´m-fn-bp-am-bv- F-gv-»≥- km-Ø∏≥- sN-tdym-s\- t\m-°n- U-btem-Kv- ]m-®n...- "-"-s\-sÆ-°-s≠mcp- Im-ew- I-≠-cv- km-bpw- a-Øm-

tΩw- a-d-∂-t√m-˛-s‚- Ip-´n- {P-¶mcp-''- sN-tdym≥- ap-≠m-≠pw- ]-dbm-≠pw- F-gv-»-s‚- tIm-tWm-iote-sS- hm-ep-Ω-ev- X-s∂- t\m-°nIn-fn-®q."-"-{]-tk-¥n-°v- sIm-Sv-°-dmkm-Øq-´o-∂v-'-'- G-kv-X-h≥.F-{X-ktv- am-sf-∂v- I-tÆm-≠v-

sh¬- Xp-Wn-Xm-gØ v- n- ]n-ºn-cn- ]ncn-]n-cn-∏-\m-bn- D-Sp-Ø- J-Z-tdm≥H-‰- ap-≠-\-gn-®v- X-te-a-ev- Km-‘nsØm-∏n-bm-°n- ]m-®n- sXm-≈bn¬- h-t¥m¿- tam-X-cw- tS-∏v-sdt°m¿-Ud- h - \ - v- Hm-¨k - n-·¬- kU-\m-°n- sR-°n-s°m-Sp-Øp.-

a-Zy-h¿-÷≥I-Æm-¶-fn- km-Ø-h≥."-"\ - p-Ωvs - S- B-fs - √-tS-bv- ...- IpSp-°-s°m-Sw- s\-d-s®-'-'-∂v- G-kvX-h≥."-"A - {- X-b° -v ¶ - S-v -v th-tWm- Kp¿Po-?'- '- ∂ - v- t\m-´w- i-cØ - n-em-°n,- icw- I p- Ø n- km- Ø m≥- km- Ø ∏≥...- F-∂n-´v- I-sø-Øn-∏n-Sn-®Ip-Sp-°-s°m-S-Øn-ev- ap-°m-evsIm-≈n-®v- sh-fp-Ø-km-[-\w- Ia-Øn- F-gv-»-s‚- B-k-\-Øn-seØn-®v- Nn-dn-t°w- Nn-tdy-¶≠ - - \mthw-H-∏m-bn- in-jy≥.a- Z- y-h¿-÷≥- F-gv» - ≥ap-°m¬-sIm-Sw- s]m-´n-®v- sXm-Sßn...- H-∂v- ...-H-∂-c- sc-≠v- sIm-SØn¬- tIm-a-sIm-Sp-Øv- H-c-cs°m-Sw- Iq-sS- H-gn-®-Sn-®v- C-‚¿-

"-"-h-t¥- am-Øn-co- h-t¥- amØn-cok-¥n-\∂ - m-bv- Ip-ep-tIym-≠vh-t¥-˛h-t¥- am-Øn-coh-t¥-am-Øn-co-˛- h-t¥-amØn-cosam-¥-tb¬- \-√- A-¥o-ambo- h-t¥-am-Øn-co]m-Sn-∏m-Sn- ]m-Sq-cv- ]-Wn-°\m-b- {]-tk-¥n- F-gv» - ≥- H-cc - I - p´n-s°m-Sw- km-[-\w- Iq-sS- sXmt≈-ev- I-ag- Ø v- n- _v[ - ow-∂v- ]q-tamØv- I-an-gv-∂-Sn-®v- sI-S-∂v- Iq¿-° -am-[n-bm-bn."-"-km-[-\w- t¢m-kv- ]-Æn-bm®m- im-ao-?-'-'- ∂v- km-Ø-h≥"-"C - √ - t- S-b˛v- X - √ - n-s°m-∂m-epw-

im-h-am-´m≥-'-'- ∂v- G-kv-X-h≥"- " - A - ∏ - S n- b m- ? - ' - ' - ∂ v - km- Ø h≥....- Xp-S¿-∂v"-"-F-¥n-t\- Xp-°n-Sn- h-∂-'-'sX-∂pw- km-Ø-h≥."-"a- s - ‰-∂mƒ- I-fI - ‰v- - tZm¿- kohv-en-b≥- ]-Sn-s°-´n¬- a-Zy-h¿÷≥- {]-ÿm≥- D¬-Lm-Sn-°m≥X-s∂- hn-fn-°m-'-'-s\-∂v- G-kv-X∏m-t\m-kv.k - w-KX - o-sS- kq-£w- Kp-´≥-k-v ]p-Sn-In-´m-∏p-≈n-bm-b- in-jy≥km-tØm≥- hm-tbm-≠pw- aq-t°m≠pw- H-∂n-®v- G-kv-X-h-s\- t\m°n- t\m-°v- Ip-Øn-»-\m-bn.In-f-In-fm-∂v- In-fn-®v,- ti-jwti-j≥- am-jm-bn- km-Øp-´n- aqØym-s\- I-tÆm-Sn-®v- I-tÆm-Øv\m-b-cpw- I-Æ≥-\-cn-bp-am-b- km£m¬- ]m-t\m-kv- F-kv-Iz-b¿A-cp-a-in-jy-s\- ssa≥-Um¬- Xgp-In-Øg- p-In- C-∏S- n-°pw- tI-´m¿...-"-"-F-¥p-´n-\m-≠m- iho,- s\-øn-ß-s\- h-≠-d-Sn-®-Sn-®vh-≠n-tØm-aym-h-W-Xv-?- F-¥mth-tW-®m- tNm-bv° - S- m- Ip-´n- {Pmt¶-'-'-tI-´-Xpw,- tI-´- an-\n-‰vkn¬- {Pm-¶v- km-tØm≥- X-s‚Ip-Sp-h≥-hm-b- tXm-s\- sXm-d-∂v]n-Sn-®v- sXm-d∏ - Ø - v- ]p-Xp-hm-fm-bnG-kv-X-h-t\m-Sv- C-∏-Sn-°pw- samgn-™v- Xp-S-ßn-\m¿-˛"-"K - p¿-Po...-aZ- y-h¿-÷≥- Ip-kpam-cs - \-g» -v ≥- a-Zy-h¿-÷\ - i - w-Lw{]-tk-¥n- b-√-hm-?-'-'"-"-F-Xp-s°-Sm- k-t¥-lw-?-'-'∂v- G-Ø-∏≥"-"a- Z- y-h¿-÷≥- iw-Lw- a-Ønbw- hn-e-°n-√-hm-?-'-'"-"-A-Xp-°pw- k-t¥-l-an-s√Sm.-'-'"-"B - \ - m¬- \-Ω- F-g» -v ≥- sImSw-sIm-Sa- m-l- Sm-Uo- ho-ip-hX - -v F∏-So-?-'-'G-Ø-∏≥- kz-¥w- sN-≠-hb-dn¬- Hm-bn¬- tX-®v- tX-®v- tX®p-Æn-am-jm-bn-In-fn-®v- Im-´n."-"-tU-bv- km-Ø-∏m- ]-≠v- ]´-Ωm-cpw- \m-b-Ωm-cpw- Iq-Sn- IpØo-cp-∂v- I-S™ n-t√-tS-bv- sh-®qcv- ]-øn-s‚- ]m-sem-gn-®v- \m-gn-bm°n-b- ]m-em-gn-°-≈v.-'-'"-"-H-t∆-'-'-∂v- ªn-¶n,- ªn-¶-\mbn- km-Øp-´n."-"-I-S-™v- I-S-™v- ]-\-¶-≈vI-S-™-t∏m-°n-´n-bn-t√-tS-bv- Imf≥- Ip¿-°n-b- A- -ev- Im-f-°p´m≥-?'- '- "-"-H-s∆m- t∆-'-'- ∂v- ªn-¶- ªn¶m-≠-\m-bn-t∏m-b- km-tØm≥Kp-cp-hN - \ - Ø - n-s‚- s\-Ià v- v- F-∏ntkm-Uv- C-{]-Im-cw- Ip-´n-°¿-Æß-fn¬- Ip-Øn-t°-‰n- F-∏n-tUmk-\m-bn."-"-F-∂n-´-Xv- \m-b¿-°pw- ]-´¿°pw- sIm-Sp-°m-t≠y- km-£m¬-

11

H-‰-ºq-cn-»≥- X-s∂- an-Wv-ßn- an\v-ßo-t√- sh-jm-sW-∂v- s]m-´s∏m-fn-Rm-bw- Rm-Wp-tΩ-t°m¿Øv-'.-'F-∂n-´pw- Kp-´≥-kn-s‚-sbmcp- s]m-´v-_-´≥-kv-t]m-epw- In-´mØ- ªn-¶-»≥,- Kp-cp-tam-¥-bn¬I-Æpw- I-c-fpw- A-¥-hpw- Ip-¥hpw- H-∂n-®v- πm-‚ v- sN-bv-Xv- Hm-´»n-¶m-cn-bm-bn."-"-Sm- Ip-´n- {Pm-t¶...-a-Øn-bwsh-j-am-b-tXm-≠m-Sm- a-¨-°qtk...- \p-Ωs - S- G-gv» - ≥,- a-Øn-bwsIm-S-tØm-sS- an-Wp-ß-W-Xv.- a‰m-cpw- Ip-Sn-®v- Ip-Xow- Ip-t¥mw- adn-™v- a-dn-am-b- tam-cm-hm-≠n-cn°m≥.- C≥-Zn- sh-cn-tkw- ^p-´{v- ]n‚ v-kv- Hm-^v- Zn- Kp-tUmƒ-Uv- knh-s∏-cp-amƒ- Zn- t{K-‰v- C≥- ]-ªnIv- C-‚ v-sd-Ãv.-'-'-km-bp-´o-sS- tN-ep-°vKp-cp-h¿- G-kvX - h - s - ‚- Aw-t{K-jvKo¿-hm-Ww- tI-´v- A-≠-\m-bn- h≠-dS- n-®- km-Øp-´n,- F-∂n-´pw- Kpcp-ap-Jw- t\m-°n- H-scm-‰- \-º¿iw-iw- Nn-°-¨- Nn-°-em-°n."-"-]-tg-a-\- n¬- ]-g-¶-™n-∏cp-h-Øn¬- H-¨-tam¿- sUu-´v- Kptcm≥.-''- "-"-Ip-Sn-®v- sXm¬-°y-Sm- kmØq-'-'-∂v- Kp-tcm≥"-"-a-Zy-h¿-÷≥- {]-ÿm≥- DØ-cw- ]-√n-bm-b- F-gv-»≥- C-∏Sn-ho-in- tIm-tWmw-]-dn-®v- sI-S∂m-ev- P-\w- a-Ww- ]p-Sn-®d- n-bn-t√Kp-tcm≥- G-kv-X-hm-?-'-'"-"a- W - Ø - n¬- Im-cy-an-s√-tS- aWv-°q-tk..-am-{X-√...- ]o-∏nƒ-kns\- Im-Wn-®√ - t- √m- G-g» v- s - ‚- io\-h-e-Ko¿-hm-W- {]-tbm-Kw.- I≠m-epw- sh-ey-Im-cy-eym-∂v- Iq´n-t°m-tf-s‚- km-Øp-t´y-bv.- \mev- h-cn- t\-sc-s®m-t∆- F-gp-Xo-´n√m-Ø- sN-e-sN-e-km-ln-Xy-\mbv-°-Ωm¿- ]-d-bp-tΩm-Ww- Im-®nbm- t]m-c-tS-bv....- "-"-I-≈v- Ip-Sn-®n´v- th-≠m- C-\n-°v- c-‡-Øn-ev- el-cn-bp-≠m-hm≥- tNm-tº-do-∂v-''.- A-Xm-Sm-tam-t\zm- Cu- {]m-IvSn-°¬- {]m-Iv-Sn-°¬- F-∂v- ]-db-W- km-ln-tXymw,- t]m-fn-‰n-Ivkpw,- s]m-Xp-{]-h¿-Ø-t\mw.- ]pSn-In-´ym- ]p-t≈- A-\-°v-?-'-'A - \ - ° - m-sX-Xs - ∂- F√mw- ]p-Sn-In-´n-b- ]p-≈- km-Ø∏≥- Nn-Øn-c-∏p-≈m-bn- \m-ez-´w"-"-Lpw- Lpw-'-'-∂v- \o-´n-°p-dp-°n-aqfn.- F-∂n-´v- A-c° - S- p-°- ]m-\o-bwkm-Z-cw- ]m¿-∂v- km-£m¬- ]mt\m-kv- Kp¿- `q-X-Øn-\v- \o-´n.- "-"πo-kv- tl-th- {Un-¶v...-Hm...-tam-jv‰v- sd-jv-s]-Iv-S-Uv- am-jv-S¿.-'-'-(th-tWm-¶n- A-Æm-°n-semgn-®v- \-s°-Sm...- ]-c´- - ]-c\ - m-dn- GØ-∏n-≈n¬- G-kv-X-∏m-t\m-kvam-jvS- t- d..-)(Xp-Sc - pw-)-

Hm-^¿-

ku-P-\y- do-Nm¿-Pv- hm-Kv-Zm-\-hp-am-bn- Un-jv- Sn-hnA≥-]X- p- e-£w- h-cn-°m-cn-eq-sSc-≠-c-t°m-Sn- t{]-£-I-sc- C-Xn-\-Iwky-jSv- n-®p- I-gn-™- cm-Py-sØ- H-∂mw\-º¿- Un-‰n-F® - -v tk-h\ - - Zm-Xm-°f - m-bUn-jvS- n-hn- ku-P\ - y- do-Nm¿-Pv- hm-KvZ- m\w- sN-øp-∂p.- \n-eh - n-ep-≈- h-cn-°m¿°pw- ]p-Xp-Xm-bn- tN-cp-∂h - ¿-°pw- CuB-\p-Iq-eyw- e-`n-°p-∂X - m-W.v h-cn-°m-c≥- F-{X- cq-]b - ° -v m-tWm- doNm¿-P-v sN-øp-∂X - -v A-{X-bpw- Xp-Ib - ° -v p≈- aq-ey- h¿-[n-X- tk-h\ - ß - ƒ- ku-P\y-am-bn- \¬-Ip-Ib - m-W-v I-º\ - n- sN-øp∂-Xv.- kn¬-h¿- ]m-bv° - v- hn-`m-KØ - n¬do-Nm¿-Pv- \n-c° - v- c-≠p-Xc - Ø - n-em-Wv- ˛200 cq-]b - pw- 500 cq-]b - pw.- 200 cq-]b - ° v- vdo-Nm¿-P-v sN-øp-tºmƒ- A-{X-bpw- Xp-Ibv° - -v Xp-ey-am-bn- C-jS-v s- ∏-´- H-c[ - n-I- Nm\¬- Xn-c-s™-Sp-°m-\pw- (C-Xn-s‚- aqeyw- 40 cq-])- - B-hi - y-s∏-Sp-∂- kn-\n-a(aq-eyw- 160 cq-])- - Im-Wm-\pw- A-hk - c- we-`n-°p-∂p.- 500 cq-]b - p-sS- kn¬-h¿- ]mbv° - v- B-sW-¶n¬- 100 cq-]- aq-ey-ap-≈Nm-\¬- Iq-´n-t®¿-°p-∂X - n-\-v ]p-ds- a- 400 cq-]b - ° -v p-≈- ]-Sß - f - pw- Im-Wmw.- tKmƒUv- ]m-bv-°n-s‚- do-Nm¿-Pv- \n-c-°v- 500 cq-]b - m-Wv.- A-t∏mƒ- 100 cq-]b - v° - p-≈A-[n-I- Nm-\-epw- 400 cq-]-bv-°v- B-h-

iy-s∏-Sp-∂- kn-\n-ab - pw- e-`y-am-Ip-∂p.- Ub-a≠ - v- ]m-bv° - n¬- (do-Nm¿-Pv- Xp-I- 700 cq-])- - 140 cq-]b - p-sS- ]p-Xn-b- Nm-\e - p-Ifpw- 560 cq-]- aq-ey-ap-≈- C-jv-S- kn-\n-abp-am-W-v ku-P\ - y-am-bn- e-`n-°p-∂X - .v - πm‰n-\w- ]m-b° v- n-s‚- do-Nm¿-Pv- Xp-I- c-≠vX-c-Øn-ep-≠v- ˛- 700 cq-]-bpw- 1800 cq-]bpw.- 700 cq-]-bv-°v- U-b-a-≠n-se- kuP-\y-߃- X-s∂-bm-bn-cn-°pw.- 1800 cq]-bp-sS-Xm-sW-¶n¬- 360 cq-]b - v° - p-≈]p-Xn-b- Nm-\e - p-If - pw- 1440 cq-]- aq-ey-ap≈- ]-Sß - f - p-am-W-v e-`y-am-Ip-I.A-ct- °m-Sn- h-cn-°m-cpw- c-≠c- t- °mSn- t{]-£I - c - p-sa-∂- A-Xp-ey- t\-´w- hcn-°m-cp-am-bn- ]-¶n-Sp-∂X - n-\m-Wv- kuP-\y- do-Nm¿-P-v A-hX - c- n-∏n-°p-∂s - X-∂-v Un-jv-Sn-hn- C-¥y- en-an-‰-Uv- sU-]yq-´nssh-k-v {]-kn-U‚ - -v hn.-]n.-Iy-jW -v I - p-amdpw,- do-PW - ¬- am-t\-P¿- (tI-cf - )- - ]n.-_n.cm-[m-Iy-jW -v \ - pw- ]-d™ p.- Cu- am¿-®-v A-h-km-\w- h-sc-bm-Wv- Hm-^¿- _m-[tI-sa-∂-v A-h¿- A-dn-bn-®p.- Hm-^d- n-s‚`m-Ka- m-bn- do-Nm¿-Pn-\p-≈- sF.-‰n.-Cs - kUv- Iym-jv- Im¿-Up-Iƒ- I-º\ - n- C-d° - nbn-´p-≠v.- 200 cq-]b - p-sS-bpw- 500 cq-]b - psS-bpw- kn¬-h¿- Im¿-Up-If - pw- 500 cq-]bp-sS- tKmƒ-U-v Im¿-Upw- 700 cq-]b - p-sS-

U-b-a-≠v- Im¿-Upw- 700 cq-]-bp-sS-bpw1800 cq-]b - p-sS-bpw- πm-‰n-\w- Im¿-Up-Ifp-am-Wv- e- y-am-hp-I.- sF.-‰n.-C-sk-UvIym-j-v Im¿-Up-Iƒ-°-v ]p-ds- a- s\-‰-v _m¶nw-K,v - s{I-Un-‰-v Im¿-U,v - sN-°,v - Un-Un,Cu-kn- _n¬,- t{Um-]v- t_m-Iv-kv,- F∂n-h- h-gn-bpw- do-Nm¿-Pv- sN-bv-Xv- kuP-\y-߃- ssI-∏‰- m-hp-∂X - m-Wv.- \n-IpXn- Iq-Sm-sX- 15 cq-]- ap-X¬- 55 cq-]- hsc- h-cp-∂- B-em-Im¿-Sv- ]m-bv° - p-Iƒ(]p-Xn-b- Nm-\e - p-Iƒ- Iq-´n-t®¿-°m-\p-≈ku-Ic- yw-)- Un-jv- Sn-hn- H-cp-°n-bn-´p-≠v.Cu- h¿-jw- 30 e-£w- t]-sc-°q-Snh-cn-°m-cm-°n-s°m-≠v- Un-‰n-F® - v- hn-]Wn-bn¬- H-∂mw- ÿm-\Ø - p- X-s∂- Xp-Scp-hm-\m-Wv- I-º\ - n- e-£y-an-´n-cn-°p-∂sX-∂-v Iy-jW -v I - p-am¿- ]-d™ - p.- hy-Xy-k-v X-am-b- D¬-]∂ - ß - f - pw- an-I® - - tk-h\ - hpw- e-`y-am-°p-I- h-gn-bm-W-v Un-j-v Sn-hn°v- ap≥- \n-cb - n¬- Xp-Sc- m≥- km-[n-°p-∂sX-∂-v Iy-jW -v I - p-am¿- Iq-´n-t®¿-Øp.C-¥y≥- am-[y-a- cw-Ks - Ø- {]-_e - cm-b- kn- {Kq-∏n-s‚- `m-K-am-b- Un-jv- Snhn- 225 Nm-\-ep-I-fm-Wv- C-t∏mƒ- e-`yam-°p-∂-Xv.- cm-Py-sØ- 6500 ]-´-W-ßfn-em-bn- 650 Un-k{-v Sn-_yq-´¿-am-cpw- 45000 Uo-e¿-am-cpw- I-º\ - n-°p-≠.v -

hn¿-Pn≥- sam-ss_-en¬- Zn-h-tk-\200 F-kv-Fw-F-kv- ku-P-\yw; aq-∂p- k-tµ-i-Øn-\p-ti-j-w C\- n- F-kF v- w-Fk - v- h-gn- "-kw-km-cn-°mw-',- hn¿-Pn≥- sam-ss_-en-eqsS.- Zn-h-tk-\- 200 F-kv-Fw-F-kv- ku-P-\y-am-bn- \¬-In-sIm-≠v- hn¿Pn≥- sam-ss_¬- C-¥y≥- sS-en-tImw- cw-KØ - v- ]p-Xn-b- N-cn-{X-sa-gp-Xp-Ibm-W.v 100 tem-°¬,- 100 \m-jW - ¬- F-kvF - w-Fk - v- k-tµ-iß - f - m-Wv- hn¿Pn≥- Cu- Hm-^d- n¬- \¬-Ip-∂X - .v - C-Xn¬- ]-Ww- \¬-tI-≠X - -v \m-jW - ¬,tem-°¬- s\-‰h -v ¿-°p-If - n-te-°p-≈- B-Zy- aq-∂-v F-kF -v w-Fk - -v k-tµ-i߃-°-v am-{Xw.- ]n-∂o-Sp-≈- k-tµ-iß - ƒ- F-√mw- ku-P\ - yw.- C-Xn-\m-bna-‰-v A-[n-I- ]m-t°-Pp-Iƒ- F-Sp-°p-It- bm,- ]-Ww- A-[n-Ia- m-bn- \¬-Ip-Itbm- sN-tø-≠-Xn-√.- hn¿-Pn≥- sam-ss_-en-s‚- hn-hn-[- ]m-t°-Pp-IƒF-Sp-Øn-´p-≈h - ¿-°v- Cu- ku-P\ - yw- e-`y-am-Wv.B-Zy- aq-∂v- tem-°¬- F-kvF - w-Fk - p-Iƒ-°v- 1 cq-]b - pw- \m-jW - ¬F-kF -v w-Fk - p-Iƒ-°-v 1.-50 cq-]b - p-am-W-v \n-c° - .v - C-Xn-s\-Xp-S¿-∂-v 100 tem°¬,- 100 \m-jW - ¬- F-kF v- w-Fk - p-Iƒ- ku-P\ - y-am-bn- sN-ømw.Cu- ku-P-\y- Hm-^-dn¬- cm-Py-Øn-se- G-Xv- s\-‰v- h¿-°n-te-°pwG-Xp- \-ºd- n-te-°pw- F-kF -v w-Fk - -v A-b° - m-hp-∂X - m-W.v - hn¿-Pn≥- samss_-en-s‚- ]p-Xn-b- h-cn-°m¿-°pw- \n-e-hn-ep-≈- F-√m- h-cn-°m¿-°pwCu- Hm-^¿- e-`y-am-W.v -


12

hm-l-\w-

2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 01˛14

H-_m-a-bv-°v- kq-∏¿- Im¿- "-Zn- _o-Ãv -'A-ta-cn-°≥- {]-kn-U‚ v- _-dm-Iv- H-_m-ab - ° v- p- kq∏¿- Im¿.- Hu-tZym-Kn-I- bm-{XIƒ-°m-bn- X-bm-dm-°n-b- AXym-[p-\n-I- Im-dn-s‚- \n¿-amWw- ]q¿-Øn-bm-bn.- A-tßb-‰w- kp-c£ - bpw- kp-Jk - uI-cy-ßf - p-am-W-v C-X-v hm-KZ-v m\w- sN-øp-∂X - .v P-\d- ¬- tam-t´m-gk v- n-s‚Io-gn¬- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂- BUw-_c- - Im¿- \n¿-am-Xm-°f - mb- Im-Un-em-I-v B-W-v "-en-tamkn≥-'- Im¿- \n¿-an-®-Xv.- Cuhn.-hn.-sF.- ]n- Im-dn-s‚- Nn{Xw- I-º\ - n- ]p-dØ - -v hn-´p.- "Zn_o-Ã'-v - (ar-Kw-)- F-∂m-W-v Imdn-\v- hn-fn-t∏-cv.- C-´n-cn-°p-∂Xv.- Im-Un-em-Iv- h-¨- F-∂mWv- Hu-tZym-Kn-I- t]-cv.{]-kn-U‚ - v- tPm¿-Pv- _pjv- D-]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂- Im¿\n¿-an-®-Xpw- Im-Un-em-Iv- Xs∂-bm-Wv.- 2004˛-em-Wv- _pjn-s‚- Im¿- \n¿-an-®-Xv.- "-Zn_o-Ãn-'¬- B-Uw-_-c-tØ°mƒ- kp-c£ - m- {I-ao-Ic- W - ߃-°m-Wv- ap≥-K-W-\-sb∂v- bp.-Fk - -v kp-c£ - m- D-tZymK-ÿ¿- A-dn-bn-®p.Im-dn-s‚- tUm-dp-Iƒ-°vF-´n-©v- ho-Xn-bp-≠v.- t_mbnw-Kv- 757 hn-am-\- Im-_n≥tUm-dn-s‚- Xq-°w- h-cpw- A-

Xn-\.v - bp-Fk - -v kp-c£ - m- Un-∏m¿´v-sa-‚ v- X-s∂-bm-Wv- kp-c-£mkw-hn-[m-\ß - ƒ- H-cp-°n-bX - .v - F∂m¬,- C-Xn-s‚- Iq-Sp-X¬- c-lky-߃- ]q¿-Wa- m-bpw- sh-fn-s∏Sp-Øm≥- A-[n-Ir-X¿- X-bm-dm-bn√.- _p-ff - ‰- v- {]q-^v- •m-kp-Iƒ-°v]p-dt- a- t_mw-_m-{I-aW - Ø - n¬\n-∂pw- tdm-°‰- v,- sj-√m-{I-aW - -

ß-fn¬-\n-∂pw- bm-{Xn-Is - c- kwc-£n-°p-∂-Xn-\p-f-f- \q-X-\-k÷o-Ic- W - ß - f - pw- Im-dn-ep-≠.v - cmkm-bp-[-sØ- t\-cn-Sp-∂-Xn-s‚`m-Ka- m-bn- {]-tXy-I- Hm-Ik -v n-P≥kn-en-≠-dpw- Im-dn¬- k-÷-am°n-bn-´p-≠v.- Xo-sI-Sp-Øm-\pwkw-hn-[m-\ß - ƒ.- P-bnw-k-v t_m≠v- kn-\n-aI - f - n-te-Xp- t]m-ep-≈-

hn-]W - n-bn¬- lyq-≠m-bvskm-Wm-‰- {Sm≥-kv-t^mwlyq-≠m-bv- tam-t´m¿- C-¥y-bp-sS- skm-Wm-‰- {Sm≥-ktv- ^mw- hn-]W - n-bn¬.{]o-an-bw- sk-Um≥- hn-`m-KØ - n¬-s∏-´- skm-Wm-‰b - p-sS- G-‰h - pw- \-ho-Ic - n-®- ]Xn-∏m-W-v {Sm≥-kt-v ^mw.2.-4 en-‰¿- \m-ev- kn-en-≠¿- Un-Hkn-F® - -v s]-t{Smƒ- F≥-Pn≥- D-]t- bmKn-°p-∂- {Sm≥-k-v t^mw- an-I® - - C-‘\-£-a-X- D-d-∏p- \¬-Ip-∂p.- 2˛-en-‰¿tIm-a-¨- sd-bn¬- F≥-Pn-\m-Wv- Uok¬- tam-Ue - n¬- D-]t- bm-Kn-°p-∂X - .v 6˛-k] v- o-Uv- am-\z¬,- 4˛-k] v- o-Uv- ( F-®vam-‰n-I)-v - Hm-t´m-am-‰n-I-v tam-Ue - p-Iƒ- e`y-am-W.v A-tem-bv- ho-ep-Iƒ,- dn-tam-´v- tUm¿- Hm-∏W - nw-Kv,- Io-se-kv- C-·o-j≥,- F≥Pn≥- C-sΩm-_n-sse-k¿,- 6 F-b¿- _m-Kp-Iƒ,- ss{U-h¿-°pw- bm-{X-°m¿-°pw{]-tXy-Iw- ss¢-a‰- v- I-¨t- {Smƒ- ku-Ic - yw,- Hm-Un-tbm- kw-hn-[m-\Ø - n-\v- Ão-bdnw-Kn¬- I-¨t- {Smƒ,- bp-F- kv_ - n- t]m¿-´-v D-≈- Fw-]n-3 sπ-b¿- Xp-Sß - n- \n-ch - [ - nB-Uw-_c- - k-hn-ti-jX - I - f - p-am-bm-W-v skm-Wm-‰- {Sm≥-k-v t^mw- F-Øp-∂X - .v -

Im¿-!C-Xn-s\-√mw- ]p-dt- a,- H-tc-ka-bw- \m-ep-hi - ß - f - n-te-°pw- B{I-aW - w- \-SØ - m≥- I-gn-bp-∂- hn[-Øn¬- sN-dn-b- tdm-°-‰v- tem©-dp-I-fpw- tjm-´v- td-©v- anssk¬- hn-t£-]n-Wn-bpw- hn-am\-th-[- tXm-°pw- Dƒ-s∏-sS- \nc-h-[n- A-Xym-[p-\n-I- B-bp-[-

lyq-≠m-bn-°v- hn-ev-]-\-bn¬- 55.-7%- h-f¿-®C-¥y-bn-se- G-‰h- pw- h-en-b- c-≠ma-sØ- Im¿- \n¿-am-Xm-°f - pw- G-‰h - pw- hen-b- Im¿- I-b‰- p-aX - n-°m-cp-am-b- lyq-≠mbn- tam-t´m¿- C-¥y- en-an-‰U - v- (F-®F v- wsF-F¬-)- Un-kw-_d- n¬- 55.-7 i-Xa- m-\wh-f¿-®- tc-Js- ∏-Sp-Øn.- I-gn-™- h¿-jwUn-kw-_-dn-s\- A-t]-£n-®v- B-`y-¥c- hn-]-Wn-bn-se- hn-ev-]-\-bn¬- 19.-3 iX-am-\w- h-f¿-®b - pw- I-b‰- p-aX - n-bn¬- 96.8 i-Xa- m-\w- h-f¿-®b - p-am-W-v lyq-≠m-bnkz-¥a- m-°n-bX - .v Un-kw-_-dn¬- lyq-≠m-bn- 38,-402 Im-dp-Iƒ- hn-‰g- n-®p.- B-`y-¥c- - hn-]W - nbn¬- I-gn-™- Un-kw-_d- n¬- 15,-602 Imdp-Iƒ- hn-‰g- n-®t- ∏mƒ- ap≥- h¿-jw- 13,-078 Im-dp-If - m-W-v hn-e] -v \ - - \-SØ - n-bn-cp-∂X - .v I-b-‰p-a-Xn- 11,-586 Im-dp-I-fn¬-\n-∂v- 22,800 Im-dp-If - m-bn- h-f¿-∂p.hn-]-Wn- am-µy-Øn-em-bn-cp-s∂-¶n-

A-Sn-b-¥-c-k-lm-b-Øn-\m-bn- Hm-Un-bp-sStSm-]v- A-kn-Ãv- ]-≤-Xn- Xp-S-ßnP¿-Ω≥- B-Uw-_c- - Im¿- \n¿-am-Xm-°f- m-b- Hm-UnC-¥y-bn-se-ßpw- h-gn-tbm-c-Øv- A-Sn-b-¥-c- k-lm-bsa-Øn-°p-∂X - n-\m-bn- Hm-Un- tSm-]v- A-kn-Ãv- F-∂- t]cn¬- ]p-Xn-b- ]-≤X - n- B-cw-`n-®p.- 24 a-Wn-°q-dpw- C-¥ybn-se- 95 i-X-am-\w- {]-[m-\tdm-Up-If - n-epw- k-lm-bw- e-`yam-Ipw.- hm-d‚ - n- ]-cn-[n-bn-ep-≈hm-l\ - ß - ƒ-°v- A-[n-I- Nm¿Pv- Cu-Sm-°m-sX- A-Sn-b¥ - c- - klm-bß - ƒ- e-`n-°p-∂X - m-W-v ]≤-Xn-bp-sS- {]-tXy-IX - .- 2007˛se- Hm-Un- Im-dp-Iƒ-°v- A-[nI-am-bn- c-≠p- h¿-jt- Ø-b° v- vHm-Un- tSm-]v- A-kn-Ãv- k¿-hokv- ku-P\ - y-am-bn- e-`n-°pw.h¿-j-Øn¬- 365 Zn-h-khpw- B-gv-N-bn¬- G-gp- Zn-h-khpw- 24 a-Wn-°q-dpw- c-≠-v tSmƒ{^o- \-ºc - p-If - n-te-bv° - v- Hm-Un- tSm-]v- A-kn-Ãv- tk-h\-Øn-\m-bn- hn-fn-°mw.- Im-dn-\v- A-[n-Ia- m-bn- A-‰I - p-‰∏-Wn-Iƒ- th-Ws - a-∂p-s≠-¶n¬- Im¿- sIm-≠p-t]m-Ip∂-Xn-\m-bn- tSm-bnw-K-v πm-‰t-v ^mw- k-ln-Xa- p-≈- tSm-bnwKv- h-≠n-Iƒ- F-Øn-°pw.-

ß-fpw- Im-dn¬- L-Sn-∏n-°mw.- ]pd-Øp-\n-∂p-≈- B-{I-aW - w- - X-Sbm≥- hn-hn-[- kw-hn-[m-\-ß-fp≠v.- A-Xym-[p-\n-I- d-Um¿- kwhn-[m-\ß - f - pw- hm¿-Øm-hn-\n-ab - Øn-\m-bn- k-÷o-Ic- n-®n-cn-°p-∂sam-ss_¬- Hm-^o-kpw- Cu- Imdn-s‚- {]-tXy-IX - b - m-W.v - C-cp-´n¬Nn-{X-sa-Sp-°m-hp-∂- Iym-ad- b - pw- Sn-

b¿- Kym-kv- sj-√p-I-fp-ap-≠v.s]m-´n-sØ-dn-°m-Ø- co-Xn-bnep-≈X - m-W-v s]-t{Smƒ- Sm-¶.v - ]wIvN - ¿- D-≠m-Im-Ø- X-cØ - n-ep≈- S-b-dp-I-fm-Wv- ]n-Sn-∏n-®n-´p≈-X.v - S-b¿- Du-cn-sØ-dn-®p- t]mbm-epw- sh-Sn- sIm-≠m-epw- {]tXy-I- Ão¬- dn-Ωn¬- Im¿- HmSpw.- {]-kn-U‚n-s‚- {Kq-∏-v c-‡wIm-dn¬- kq-£n-®n-´p-≠m-Ipw.Im-dn-\v- a-Wn-°q-dn¬- 60 ssa¬- th-K-X-bm-Wv- ]-c-am-h[n.- ]q-Py- Øn¬-\n-∂-v A-dp-]X - nte-s°-Øm≥- 15 sk-°≥-Uva-Xn.- H-cp- Km-e≥- s]-t{Sm-fn-\vF-´p- ssa-te- Hm-Sq.- Im-dn-\p≈n¬- ap- J - t Øm- S - p - ap- J wt\m-°n- \m-ep-t]¿-°n-cn-°mw.{Sm-°nw-Kv- kn-kv-‰-hpw- kn-Kv\¬- Pm-ad- p-If - p-ap-≠.v - Im-dn-s‚\-o-fw- 18 A-Sn-bpw- D-b-c-w- 5.-10 A-Sn-bp-am-Wv.- 3,-00,-000 tUm-f¿B-Wv- Im-dn-\p- sN-e-hm-bn-´p≈-X.v C-∂p- tem-IØ - n¬- e-`y-ambn-cn-°p-∂- F-√m- km-t¶-Xn-Ihn-Zy-If - pw- D-]t- bm-Ks - ∏-Sp-Øn\n¿-an-®n-cn-°p-∂- Im-dm-Wv- Zn_o-sÃ-∂p- \n¿-am-Xm-°-fm-bIm-Un-em-Iv- A-h-Im-i-s∏-´p.1919 ap-X¬- A-ta-cn-°≥- {]kn-U-‚p-am-cp-sS- Hu-tZym-Kn-IIm¿- \n¿-am-Xm-°f - m-W-v Im-Unem-I.v -

Hm-Un- hm-l\ - ß - f - n¬- X-Sk - a- n-√m-Ø- bm-{X- D-d∏ - m°p-∂X - n-\pw- tk-h\ - ß - f - n¬- ]q¿-WX - - D-d∏ - m-°p-∂X - n\p-am-Wv- Hm-Un- tSm-]v- A-kn-Ãv- \-S∏ - n-em-°p-∂s - X-∂vHm-Un- C-¥y- am-t\-Pnw-Kv- U-b-d-Iv-S¿- s_-t\m-bn-‰v- Sntb-gv-kv- ]-d-™p.- tSm-]v- A-kn-Ãneq-sS- hn-ZK - [ -v c- p-sS- tk-h\ - a- m-W-v D]-tbm-‡m-°ƒ-°p- e-`n-°p-I.- C-Xn\m-bn- am-{Xw- {]-tXy-I- C≥-˛-lukv- kw-Lw- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-sa-∂-v At±-lw- Nq-≠n-°m-´n.C-¥y-bn-se-ßp-am-bn- 600 k¿ho-k-v tI-{µ-ßf - m-W-v {]-h¿-Øn-°pI.- Hm-¨- ssk-‰v- dn-∏-b-dn-s\m-∏wB-h-iy-sa-¶n¬- kv-s]-b¿- Io,- C‘-\w- F-∂n-h- F-Øn-°pw.- 24 aWn-°q-dn¬- Iq-Sp-X¬- bm-{X- Xp-Scm≥- I-gn-bm-sX- h-∂m¬- bm-{X-bv°pw- Xm-ak - Ø - n-\p-ap-≈- k-lm-b߃- e-`y-am-°pw.- hm-lß - ƒ- kp-c£ - n-Xa- m-bn- kq-£n°p-I-bpw- hm-l-\-hpw- e-tK-Ppw- a-‰pw- B-h-iy-ap-≈n-SØv- F-Øn-®p- \-eI -v p-Ib - pw- sN-øpw.- hm-ßp-∂- Zn-hk - wap-X¬- c-≠p- h¿-jt- Ø-bv° - m-Wv- ku-P\ - y- k-lm-bwe-`y-am-Ip-I.-

epw- F-®F -v w-sF-F¬- hn-e] -v \ - b - n¬- anI-®- h-f¿-®- t\-Sn-sb-∂-v lyq-≠m-bn- tamt´m¿- C-¥y- en-an-dd- U - -v am¿-°‰- nw-K-v B≥Uv- sk-bn¬-kv- ko-\n-b¿- ssh-kv- {]kn-U‚ - -v A-ch - n-µ-v k-It-v k-\- ]-d™ p.\q-X-\- ]-≤-Xn-I-fpw,- hn-]-Wn-bn¬- \ne-bp-d∏ - n-®- D-X] v- ∂ - ß - f - pw- hn-]p-ea- m-birw-Je - b - p-am-Wv- lyq-≠m-bn-sb- {]-Xn-

k-‘n-L´- Ø - n-epw- ap-t∂m-´-v \-bn-®s - X∂v- A-t±-lw- Nq-≠n-°m-´n.Un-kw-_d- n¬- F-˛2- hn-`m-KØ - n¬km≥-t{Sm,- sF-˛1- 0,- sK-‰k -v ,v - sF-˛2- 0 F∂n-h- 37,-320 F-Æ-hpw,- F-˛-3 hn-`m-KØn¬- B-Ik -v ‚ - ,v - sh¿-W- F-∂n-h- 1078 Im-dp-If - pw,- F-˛5- hn-`m-KØ - n¬- skm-Wm-

‰- Fw-_d- - c-≠-v Im-dp-If - pw,- F-kb -v p-hnhn-`m-KØ - n¬- c-≠-v Im-dp-If - p-am-W-v hn-‰gn-®X - .v Un-kw-_d- n¬- A-hk - m-\n-®- h¿-jØn¬- 2007˛-t\-°mƒ- lyq-≠m-bn-°-v 49.6 i-Xa- m-\w- h-f¿-®- tc-Js - ∏-Sp-Øm-\mbn.- C-°m-eb - f - h - n-se- B-sI- hn-e] v- \ - 489,-328 Im-dp-If - m-bn-cp-∂p.- B-`y-¥c- - hn]-Wn-bn¬- 22.-4 i-X-am-\w- h-f¿-®-tbmsS- 245,-397 Im-dp-Iƒ- hn-‰g- n-®p.- I-gn-™h¿-jw- C-tX- Im-eb - f - h - n¬- 200,-421 Imdp-If - m-Wv- hn-ev] - \ - - \-SØ - n-bX - v.- ]p-dwhn-]W - n-If - n-te-b° v- p-≈- I-b‰- p-aX - n- 92.5 i-X-am-\w- Ip-Xn-∏v- tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn.2007˛¬- 126,-749 bq-Wn-‰p-Iƒ- hn-‰-gn-®ncp-∂X - n¬-\n-∂-v I-b‰- p-aX - n- 2008˛¬- 243,931 B-bn- h-f¿-∂p.- C-¥y-bn¬-\n-∂p-ff- Im-dp-If - p-sS- I-b‰- p-aX - n-bn¬- 78 i-Xam-\h - pw- lyq-≠m-bn-bp-sS- Im-dp-If - m-W.v -

{]o-an-bw- sk-Um≥- hn-`m-Kw-:sIm-tdm-f- Hmƒ-´n-kn-\vap-t∂-‰w-;- 42%- hn-ln-Xwkn-˛s- k-Um≥- hn-`m-KØ - n¬- an-I® - - ap-t∂-‰h - p-am-bn- S-tbm-´- sIm-tdm-f- Hmƒ´n-kv.- sk-]‰v- w-_¿- ˛- Un-kw-_¿- Im-eL - ´- Ø - n¬- 42 i-Xa- m-\w- hn-]W - n-hn-ln-Xwt\-Sm≥- sIm-tdm-f- Hmƒ-´n-kn-\v- I-gn-™p-sh-∂v- S-tbm-´- In¿-tem-k° v- ¿- tam-t´m¿A-dn-bn-®p.- 2008 sk-]‰v- w-_d- n¬- am-{Xw- 2031 bq-Wn-‰p-Iƒ- hn¬-∏\ - - \-SØ - n.- sk]v‰- w-_¿-˛U - n-kw-_¿- Im-eb - f - h - n¬- ap≥-h¿-jt- Ø-°mƒ- 102 i-Xa- m-\w- h-f¿-®t\-Sp-hm-\pw- km-[n-®p.S-tbm-´b - p-sS- ]-Ømw- X-ea- p-d- Im-dm-b- sIm-tdm-f- Hmƒ-´n-kn-s‚- hn-e] v- \ - - Gsd- Xr-]X v- n-Ic - W - a- m-sW-∂v- S-tbm-´- In¿-tem-k° v- ¿- tam-t´m¿- U-]yq-´n- am-t\-PnwKv- U-bd- I - S-v ¿- k-µo-]-v knw-K-v Nq-≠n-°m-´n.- km-ºØ - n-Ia- m-µyw- \n-e\ - n¬-°p-∂X - n\m¬- hn-]-Wn-bn¬- {]o-an-bw- sk-Um≥- hn-`m-K-Øn¬- 32 i-X-am-\w- C-Sn-hp-≠msb-¶n-epw- sIm-tdm-f- Hmƒ-´n-kv- hn¬-∏-\-e-£y-am-b- 35 i-X-am-\w- a-dn-I-S-∂p.- Stbm-´- {_m≥-Un-t\m-Sv- D-]t- bm-‡m-°ƒ-°p-≈- hn-izm-ka- m-Wv- C-Xp- Im-Wn-°p∂-sX-∂-v k-µo-]-v knw-K-v ]-d™ p.bm-{X-°m-cp-sS- ku-Ic - y-hpw- B-Vw-_c - h - pw- e-£y-an-´v- ]p-dØ - n-d° - n-b- sImtdm-f- Hmƒ-´n-kn-\-v 8˛-th- ]-h¿- ss{U-h¿- ko-dd- ,v - F-®s -v F-Un- sl-Ue -v mw-]k -v ,v - HmUn-tbm- I-¨-t{Smƒ,- Fw-sF-Un- kzn-®v- F-∂n-h-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b- Ão-b-dnw-Kv- ho¬Xp-S-ßn-b- ku-I-cy-ß-fp-≠v.- 1.-8 Pn- Fw-/-Sn,- 1.-8 Pn- (F¬-)- Fw-/-Sn,- 1.-8 hn- (F¬-)F-/S- n- F-∂o- aq-∂v- tam-Ue - p-If - n-em-Wv- sIm-tdm-f- Hmƒ-´n-kv- e-`y-am-Ip-∂X - v.2003˛¬- hn-]W - n-bn-en-dß - n-bX - p- ap-X¬- C-¥y≥- D-]t- bm-‡m-°ƒ-°v- A-\ptbm-Py-am-b- ku-Ic- y-ßf - pw- B-Uw-_c- h - pw,- D-d∏ - pw- \-eI -v p-∂X - n-\-v sIm-tdm-f- {i≤- h-®n-cp-∂p.- tem-Is - a-ºm-Sp-am-bn- 30 Z-ie - £ - w- sIm-tdm-f- Im-dp-If - m-Wv- S-tbm-´hn-dd- g- n-®X - .v -


a-m¿-K-Z¿-i-\w-

2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 01˛14

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C-¥y≥- kw-K-o-X-Øn-s‚- tem-I-kz-cwF.-B¿.-d-lv-am≥.- ]-cnN-b-s∏-SpØ-ep-It- fm- hn-ti-jW - ß - tfm- B-hi - yan-√m-Ø- C-¥y-≥- kw-Ko- X - - N-{I-h¿-Øn."Hm-kI -v m¿'- A-hm¿-Un-te-°p-≈- N-hn-´p]-Sn- F-∂p- hn-ti-jn-∏n-°m-hp-∂- "tKmƒU≥- t•m-_v'- ]p-ck - I v- m-cw- d-lav- m-\n-eqsS- B-Zy-am-bn- C-¥y≥- a-Æn-se-Øn."P-b-v tl-m'- F-∂p- Xp-Sß - p-∂- ln-µn- Km\-Øn-s‚- kw-Ko-XØ - n-\v- F.-B¿.-dl - vam≥- k-Ωm-\n-X\ - m-bt- ∏mƒ- B-Zc - n-°s∏-´X - -v C-¥y-bm-W.v - Im-cW - w- "…w- tUmKv- an-ey-s\-b¿'- F-∂- tlm-fn-hp-Uv- Nn{Xw- ]-db - p-∂X - -v C-¥y-≥- tN-cn-bn-se- IY-bm-Wv.- C-Xn-se- aq-∂p- Km-\ß - ƒ- lµn-bn-ep-≈X - m-W.v - A-`n-\b - n-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv- A-\n¬- I-]q¿- Dƒ-s∏-sS {]-ik - vX - t_m-fn-hp-U-v Xm-cß - f - pw.C-¥y-bp-sS- b-ik - v- d-lav- m-\n-eq-sStem-Ia- d- n-bp-tºmƒ- a-eb - m-fn-Iƒ-°p-ap≠v- G-sd- A-`n-am-\n-°m≥.- a-eb - m-fn-Ifp-sS- {]n-b-s∏-´- kw-Ko-X- kw-hn-[m-bI-\m-bn-cp-∂- B¿.-sI.-ti-Jd- n-s‚- a-I\mW--v d-la-v m≥.d-lv-am-s‚- kn-\n-am- kw-Ko-Xw- tI´p-Xp-Sß - p-∂X - -v "tbm-≤'- F-∂- a-eb - m-f-

hy-‡n-hn-ti-jwA-iz-XnNn-{X-Øn- e - q-sS-bm-W.v - "tbm-≤'-b° -v p-tijw- ]p-dØ - n-dß - n-b- "tdm-P'- (X-an- g- v,- lnµn-)- b-mW - -v d-la-v m- s- ‚- kw-Ko-Xs- Ø- temI-Ø-v ]-cn- N - n-Xa- m-°n-bX - .v - "Nn-∂- Nn-∂B-ssi'-, "Im-X¬- tdm-Pm-sh',- "]p-Xpsh-ssf- a-ssg'- Xp-Sß - n-b- tdm-Pb - n-seKm-\ß - ƒ- B-kzm-ZI - s- ‚- lr-Zb - a- n-Sn-∏pIƒ- sXm-´d- n-™v- C-∂pw- \n-e\ - n¬-°pI-bm-W.v 1966 P-\p-hc- n- B-dn-\m-W-v d-la-v m-s‚P-\\ - w.- X-an-g-v Ip-Spw-_Ø - n¬- ]n-d∂ - - F.B¿.-dl - av- ms‚- B-ZysØ- t]-cv- F.-Fkv.Z- n-eo-]I -v p-am¿- F-∂m-bn-cp-∂p.- kw-KoX-⁄\ - m-b- A-—s - \m-∏a- p-≠m-bn-cp-∂{]-Xn-`I - s- f- I-≠m-W-v d-la-v m≥- h-f¿-∂Xv.- Z-£n-Wm-aq¿-Øn,- tZ-hc - m-P≥,- A¿Pp-\≥,- _m-_p-cm-Pv- Xp-Sß - n-b- A-°m- e-sØ- {]ap-Jc - p-am-bn- C-S] - g- I - m≥- Ah-k-cw- e-`n-®- d-lv-am≥- \m-emw- h-bkn¬- X-s∂- ]n-bm-t\m-bp-sS- B-Zy-]mT-߃- h-ia- m-°n-bn-cp-∂p.- d-la-v m-\-v H≥]-Xp- h-bk - p-≈t- ∏m-gm-bn-cp-∂p- ]n-Xm-hns‚- a-cW - w.- ]n-∂o-S-v A-—s- ‚- ]n-bm-t\mhm-SI - b - v° - v- sIm-Sp-Øpw-,- {Sq-∏v- \-SØ - nbp-am-Wv- d-lv-am-\pw- A-Ω-bpw- Po-hn-®Xv.- ]-Xn-s\m-∂mw- h-bk - n¬- d-la-v m- ≥- C-

f-bc- m-Pb - p-sS- {Sq-∏n¬- Io-t_m¿-Uv- h-mb-\°m-c\ - m-bn.- ]n-∂o-S-v Fw.-Fk - .v h - n-iz\m-Y≥,- c-ta-iv- \m-bn-Up,- Ip-∂w-Ip-Snssh-Zy-\m-Y≥-,- F¬.-i¶ - ¿- Xp-Sß - n-bh - ¿s°m-∏w- Io-t_m¿-Up-am-bn- tem-I] - c- yS-\w- \-SØ - n.- C-tXm-sSm-∏w- e-≠\ - n-se{Sn-\n-‰n- tIm-f-Pv- Hm-^v- ayq-kn-°n¬-\n∂v- sh-kt-v ‰¨- ¢m-kn-°¬- ayq-kn-°n¬kvt- Im-f¿-jn-t∏m-sS- _n-cp-Zw- t\-Sn.1992 ap-X¬- d-la-v m≥- dn-°m-¿U - nw-K,v an-Ik -v nw-K-v kv‰- p-Un-tbm- \-SØ - p-∂p.- "]©-Xm≥- dn-°m¿-Uv- C≥'- F-∂- t]cmb- B- kv-‰-p-Un-tbm- h-f¿-∂v- C-∂v- Gjy-bn-se- X-s∂- G-‰h - pw- D-∂X - - \n-ehmc-Øn-se-Øn-\n¬-°p-I-bm-Wv.- d-lv-ams‚- B-Zy- kw-Ko-X- kw-hn-[m-\w- ]-ck - y߃,- Sn.-hn- Nm-\e - p-Iƒ,- tUm-Iy- p-sa‚dn-Iƒ- Xp-Sß - n-bh - b - s v- °m-s°- th-≠nbm-bn-cp-∂p.- A-Xn¬- ]-ck - y-Nn-{X-cw-KsØ- A-Xn-Im-b\ - m-b- cm-Po-ht-v a-t\m-\mWv- F.-B¿.-dl - a-v m-s\- a-Wn- c- X - \ -v Ø - n-\-v ]-cn-Nb - s - ∏-Sp-Øp-∂X - v.- a-Wn-cX - \ v- w- Nn{X-am-b- "tdm-P'-bneq-sS- d-la-v m-\n-se- kwKo-X- kw-hn- [ - m-bI - s - \- C¥y≥- N-e® - n{X-tem-Iw- A-dn-™p- Xp-S-ßn.- "tdm-P'bn-se- kw-Ko-XØ - n-eq-sS- an-I® - - kw-KoX-Øn-\p-≈- "c-PX - I - a- e - w'- d-la-v m-\-v kz¥am-bn.- ]n-∂o-S-v d-la-v m- \v- Xn-cn-™p-t\mt°-≠n-h-∂n-√.- "cw-Ko-e'- F-∂- Nn-{XØn-eq-sS- d-lav- m-≥- t_m-fn-hp-Un¬- Ac-tß-‰w- \-SØ - n.- hy-Xy-kX -v a- m-b- am-k-v a-cn-I- kw-Ko-Xh - p-am-sb-Øn-b- "cw-Ko-e'bn-se- Km-\ß - f - pw- kw-Ko-X- t{]-an-Iƒs\-©n-te-‰n.- Xp-S¿-∂v- "^-b¿-'- ap-X¬"Zu-Uv',- "I-`n- \- I-`n',- "Zn¬-sk',- "tUmen- k-Pm-sI- c-J\ -v '-,- "Xm¬',- "^n-k',- "eKm≥',- "km-Øn-b',- "bp-h',- "aw-K¬]msfi',- "Kp-cp',- "tPm-Y- A-I_ v- ¿',- "K-Pn\-n' h-sc-bp-≈- Nn-{X-ßf - n¬- d-la-v m-s‚am-ka-v c- n-I- kw-Ko-Xw- \n-d™ p-\n¬-°p∂p.d-la-v m≥- S-®p-≈- kw-Ko-Xw- t_m-fnhp-Un-s\m-∏w- X-s∂- X-an-g-v kn-\n-am- temI-Øn-\pw- k-z¥ - a- m-W.v - "tdm-P'- bv° - p-tijw- "t_mw-s_',- "Im-Xe - ≥',- "sP‚n¬am≥',- "C-¥y≥',- "Po≥-k'v ,- "t_m-bk -v 'v ,"C-{µ',- "an≥-km-c-I-\-hv',- "I-≠p-sImt≠≥',- "ap-X¬-h≥',- "in-hm-Pn',- "A-sse]m-bp-sX',- "I-≠p-sIm-t≠≥˛I-≠p-sImt≠≥'- Xp-Sß - n-b- \n-ch-[n- X-angv- Nn-{Xß-fn-epw- d-la-v m≥- kw-Ko-Xa- m-Wp-≈X - .v X-s‚- kz¿-Ko-b- kw-Ko-XØ - n-eq-sScm-Py-Øn\-IØ - pw- ]p-dØ - pw- P-\t- ImSn-If - p-sS- B-cm-[\ - - am-{X-a√ - - d-lva- m≥t\-Sn-sb-Sp-°p-∂X - .v - ]n-s∂-tbm- Cu- {]Xn`-bp-sS- t{]m-’m-l-\-Øn-\m-bn- cm-

Py-Øn-\I - Ø - pw- ]p-dØ - p-\n-∂pw- \n-ch - [n- A-hm¿-Up-If - pw- tX-Sn-sb-Øp-∂p-≠.v tdm-Pb - ° -v p-ti-jw- ho-≠pw- aq-∂p-Xh - W - tZ-io-b- k-n\ - n-am- A-hm¿-U-v d-la-v m-\-v e`n-°p-Ib - p-≠m-bn.- 1997˛¬- "an≥-km-cI - \-hv'-,- 2002˛¬- "e-Km≥'--,- 2003˛¬- "I-∂Øn¬- ap-Øa- n-´m¬'-- F-∂o- Nn-{X-ßf - n-

eq-sS-bm-bn-cp-∂p- A-X.v - t•m-_¬- ayq-kn°n-\p-≈- kw-`m-h\ - I - s- f- am-\n-®v kv‰- m¿t^-m¿-U-v bq-Wn-th-gk -v n-‰n- Hm-Wd- d- n- Ahm¿-Uv- \¬-In.- 2008˛¬- d-lav- m-s\- tXSn- {In-´n-kn-kv- t]m-bvk - v- A-hm¿-Uv- FØn.- A-h-km-\-am-bn- "…w- tUm-Kv- aney-s\-bd- n'-eq-sS- tKmƒ-U≥ t•m-_pw-

Hm-kvI - m¿- t\m-an-t\-j\ - pw- C-tXm-sSm∏w- an-I® - - kw-Ko-XØ - n-\p-≈- {]m-tZ-inI- K-h¨-sa‚ -v A-hm¿-Up-Iƒ- \n-ch - [ - nX-hW - - d-la-v m-s\- tX-Sn-sb-Øn-bn-´p-≠.v c-mP - yw- ]-fl{- io- \¬-In- B-Zc- n-®n-´p-≠.v sa-e-Un-bpw- A-Sn-s]m-fn- Km-\-ßfpw- X-\n-°-v H-cp-t]m-se- h-gß - p-sa-∂-v sXfn-bn-®n-´p-≈- d-lav- m≥- 2009˛¬- C-dß - m\n-cn-°p-∂- 11 kn-\n-a-Iƒ-°v- kwKo-X\n¿-hl - n-®p-Ig- n-™p.- C-tXm-sSm-∏w- taml≥-em-epw- Pm-°n-Nm- \ - pw- H-∂n-°p-∂- Nn{Xw- "\m-b¿-km-≥'- ˛- s‚ kw-Ko-Xh - pw- dlva- m-\m-W-v \n¿-hl - n-®n-cn-°p-∂X - .v - CuNn-{X-Øn¬- a-e-bm-fw,- Pm-∏-\o-kv-,- awtKm-fn-b- Xp-Sß - n-b- aq-∂p- `m-jI - f - n-emWv- Km-\ß - ƒ.Ne®n-{X- te-mI - Ø - -v D-bc- ß - ƒ- Iog-S° - p-∂X - n-s\m-∏w- a-‰p- k-wK - o-X- ]-≤Xn-If - n-epw- d-lva- m≥- X-t‚-Xm-b- ap-{Z-]Xn-∏n-®n-´p-≠v.- 1997˛¬- C-¥y-bp-sS- kzmX-{¥y-Zn-\-Øn¬- 50˛mw- hm¿-jn-I-Øn\v- A-t±-lw- C-d-°n-b- h-tµ-am-X-cwB¬-_w B- tZ-i`- ‡ - n- Km-\Ø - n-\-v ]pXn-sbm-cp- am-\w- \¬-In.- Xp-S¿-∂v- "P-\K-W-a-\'- Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn- sN-bv-X- B¬_-hpw- h≥-hn-Pb - a- m-bn-cp-∂p.- t]m-]-v Xmc-dm-Wn-am-cm-b- {_n-´W -v n- ]n-tb-gk -v n-gk -v ,v a-tUm-W- Xp-Sß - n-bh - c- p-sS- B¬-_ß - tf-°mƒ- hn-‰g- n-°s - ∏-´- B¬-_ß - f - pwF.-B¿.-dl - a-v m-\-v kz-¥a- m-W.v - d-la-v ms‚B¬-_ß - f - p-sS- C-cp-]X - -v tIm-Sn-bn-e[ - nIw- ]-I¿-∏p-If - m-Wv- tem-Iw- ap-gp-h\ - mbn- hn-‰g- n-™n-´p-≈X - v.kw-Ko-X- kw-hn-[m-\Ø - n-s\m-∏w- ]e- B¬-_ß - ƒ-°pw- kn-\n-am- ]m-´p-Iƒ°pw- d-lav- m- ≥- kz-¥w- kz-cw- \¬-In-bn´p-≠.v - h-tµ-am-Xc- w- B¬-_Ø - n-se- ]m´p-Iƒ,- Kp-cp- F-∂- kn-\n-ab - n-se- ]m-´pIƒ- Xp-Sß - n-b- Nn-e- D-Zm-lc- W - ß - ƒ- am{Xw-.- X-s‚- kw-Ko- X - Ø - n¬- d-lav- m≥- Xs∂- ]m-Sn-b- ]m-´p-If - pw- kq-∏¿- Uyq-∏¿ln-‰p-If - m-bn-cp-∂p.1989˛¬- aXw- am-dn- ap-…o-am-b-t∏mgpw- F.-B¿.-d-lv-am≥- X-s‚- kw-KoXtØm-Sp-≈- A-`n-\n-th-iw- a-d® - p-h® - n√.- X-_e - b - n¬- hn-kav- b - ß - ƒ- Xo¿-Ø"A-√m-cm-J'-tbm-Sp-≈- B-cm-[\ - - X-s‚t]-cn¬- {]-Xn-^-en-∏n-®v- "A-√m-cm-J- dlva- m≥'- F-∂- F.-B¿.-dl - a-v m-\m-bn.- ITn-\{- ]-bX - \ -v Ø - n-epw- B-flm¿-∏W - Ø - nepw- D-d® - p ap-t∂-dp-∂- F.-B¿.-dl - a-v m-\neq-sS- tKmƒ-U≥- t•m-_n-s\m-∏w- Hm-k-v Im-dpw- C-¥y-bn-se-Øn-bm¬- A-X-v "ssSw'-- am-Kk - n≥- Nm¿-Øn-b- "sa-mk - m¿´v- Hm-^v- a-{Zm-kv'- F-∂- \m-aw- A¿-∞]q¿-WX - b - n-se-Øpw.-

hm-b-\-

]o-Un-∏n-°p-∂- ]p-cp-j-∑m¿-°v- C-Sn-hmƒ!- Km¿-ln-I- ]o-U-\-Øn¬- \n-∂p-≈- h-\nXm- kw-c£ - W - - B-ISv- v,- 2005 (dq-fp-If - pw- a-eb - m-fhym-Jym-\-hpw.- !- ap-´-Øp- kp-[m-I-c≥- (ap≥- Pn√m- sk-j≥-kv- P-UP v- n-).- !- tI-cf - - ]m-Wn-\n- ]-_vfn-tj-gk v- v,- im-cZ- m-aµ - n-cw,- am-th-en-°c - - !- hn-e- 70 cq-].- !- {]-kn-≤o-Ic - W - w-:- c-≠mw- F-Un-j≥- 2009 P-\p-hc- n.-

hf- s- c- I¿-°i- - kz-`m-ha- p-≈- H-cp- \n-ba- a- mWv- 2005˛¬- ]m¿-e-sa-‚ v- ]m-km-°n-b- Km¿-ln-I]o-U\ - Ø - n¬- \n-∂p-≈- h-\n-Xm- kw-c£ - W - - \n-

_p-°v- sj¬-^vSn.-Fw.-sIb-aa- m-W-v ]p-kX -v I - Ø - n¬.- a-eb - m-fØ - n-epw- Cw-•ojn-ep-ap-≠v.- 2005 Hm-Kà - n-em-Wv- ]m¿-es - a-‚ v- _n√p- ]m-km-°n-bX - v.- 2005 sk-]‰v- w-_¿- 13˛-\p- cm-jv{S-]X - n- H-∏n-´p- \n-ba- a- m-bn.- ]-t£,- \n-ba- Ø - n-s‚A-\\ - y-km-[m-cW - X - zw- Im-cW - w- C-sXm-cp- k-a{- K\n-ba- a- m-bn-cn-°W - s- a-∂p-≈- e-£y-{]m-]X -v n-°m-bnG-sd- am-k-߃- Im-Øn-cn-t°-≠n- h-∂p.- A-Xn\m¬- 2006 H-Ivt- Sm-_¿- 26˛-\m-Wv- \n-ba- w- {]m-_ey-Øn¬- h-∂X - .v - N-´ß - f - p-sS- A-\\ - y-km-[m-cW - am-b- ku-jT-v h - h - pw- `m-h] - p-j° -v e - X - b - pw- sIm-≠-v `m-cX - k - {-v Xo-Iƒ- X≥- `m-hi - p-≤n-bp-sS- sh-◊b - ° -v -v a-t\m-lm-cn-X- h¿-[n-∏n-°p-∂- I-hN - - Io-co-Sß - f - mWv- Cu- \n-ba- Ø - n-se- Hm-tcm- h-Ip-∏pw- N-´ß - f - p-

sS- K-cn-ab - p-sW-∂-v {K-ŸI - m-c≥.- kv{- Xo-Is - f- ]-¶n´p- ]m¿-Ø- ]m¿-∏n-Sß - f - n¬- ]o-Un-∏n-°p-∂- ]p-cpj-∑m¿-°v- h-\n-Xm- kw-c£ - W - - \n-ba- w- H-cp- C-Snhm-fm-W.v hn-hn-[- tI-kp-If - p-am-bn- _-‘s - ∏-Sp-Ønbp-≈- ]p-kX v- Ø - n-se- Nn-e- hym-Jym-\ß - ƒ-:! Cu- \n-ba - w- A-\p-kc- n-®v- im-co-cn-Ih - pwssew-Kn-Ih - pw- B-b- Km¿-ln-I- ]o-U\ - ß - ƒ°v- ]p-dt- a- h-g° - p- ]-db - ¬,- \n-µn-°¬,- am-\kn-I- hn-ja- w- D-≠m-°p-∂- hn-[Ø - n-ep-≈- s]cp-am-‰w,- ]-cm-Xn-°m-cn-°p- Xm-X] -v c- y-ap-≈h - s - cssI-Im-cyw- sN-øp-sa-∂p-≈- `o-jW - n,- km-ºØn-I- Zp¿-hn-\n-tbm-Kw- C-h- Km¿-ln-I- A-Xn{I-aß - f - p-sS- ]-´n-Ib - n¬- h-cpw.! kv{- Xo-[\ - w,- A-Xn-s‚- t]-cn¬- ]n-∂o-Sv`¿-Øm-thm- A-bm-fp-sS- Ip-Spw-_mw-Kß - t- fmKm¿-ln-Ia- m-bn- ]o-Un-∏n-°p-∂X - pw- Ip-‰I - r-Xyam-bn-cn-°pw.! `¿-Øm-hp-am-bn- ]n-W-ßn-bm-epw- Km¿ln-I- ]o-U-\-Øn-\v- C-c-bm-b- `m-cy- ]-¶m-fn]m¿-Øn-cp-∂- ho-´n¬- \n-∂v- C-d-ßn-s°m-Spt°-≠-Xn-s√-∂v- \n-b-a-Øn¬- hy-h-ÿ- sNbvX - n-´p-≠.v ! A-]c - n-Nn-Xc- m-b- A-\y-tcm-S-v `m-cy- G-sd- t\cw- t^m-Wn¬- kw-km-cn-°p-∂X - pw- Ip-fn-ap-dn-bn¬H-Øn-cn- t\-cw- I-gn-bp-∂X - pw- `¿-Øm-hn-t\m-Sp-≈{Iq-cX - b - √ - .! {In-an-\¬- \-S] - S- n- \n-ba- w- h-Ip-∏v- 125 ]-cn-K-

- n-°W - s - a-∂-v `¿-Øm-hn-\-v ]-db - m-hpWn-°p-tºmƒ- c-≠p- a-X° - m-cm-sW-¶n-epw- G-sd- sSm-∏w- Xm-ak - .°m-ew- H-cn-SØ - -v H-∂n-®p- Xm-ak - n-®p- F-∂X - -v `m-cy- ∂-X√ ! Km¿-ln-I- ]o-U\ - w- an-°h - m-dpw- kz-Im-cy-XF-∂- \n-eb - n-em-bn-cp-∂p- F-∂v- Du-ln-°mw.-

! l¿-Pn-°m-cn-°-v kw-c£ - W - - sN-eh - -v \-eI -v m\p-≈- F-Xn¿-I£ - n-bp-sS- _m-[y-X- l¿-Pn-°m-cnhy-`n-Nc- n-®p- I-gn-bp-∂p- F-∂p- ]-db - p-∂X - p-sIm-≠-v C-√m-Xm-Ip-∂n-√.! hn-hm-lt - am-N\ - w- t\-Sn-b- `m-cy-°v- sN-eh - n\p- sIm-Sp-°p-∂p-sh-∂X - p- sIm-≠-v A-h¿- X-t∂m-

bn¬- \-S° - p-∂X - m-bX - p- sIm-≠v- km-£n- F-Xn¿I-£n-bp-tS-tbm- l¿-Pn-°m-cn-bp-tS-tbm- _-‘p-hmbn-t∏m-bn- F-∂X - p-sIm-≠v- A-hc - p-sS- sX-fn-hv- X≈n-°f - b - m-hp-∂X - √ - .{K-Ÿ-Im-c-s‚ -C-˛-sa-bn¬-:- msudhakaran77 @yahoo.com


14

km-t¶-Xn-Iw-

2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 01˛14

^b¬ FIvÃ≥j≥ t\m°n A‰m-®vsa‚v Xpd°mw C˛s- a-bn-en¬ FØp∂ A‰m-®p-sa‚p-Iƒ ]e-t∏mgpw Xpd-°m-\m-In-√. AXv GXp t{]m{Kman-ep-≈X - m-sW∂v Adn-bm-ØXp sIm≠m-WX - v. Adn-™mepw A‰m-®vsa‚ v e`n-°p-∂-bm-fpsS Iw]yq-´d- n¬ AXn\p ]‰nb t{]m{Kmw ImW-Wsa-∂n-√. ^b¬ ssS∏v GXm-sW∂v ^b¬ FIvÃ≥j≥ t\m°n a\-kn-em-°mw. Xcw A-\p-k-cn®v t{]m{Kmw Uu¨temUv sNbvXv Iw]yq-´-dn¬ C≥Ãmƒ sNbvXm¬ am{Xta {]tbm-P-\-ap-≠m-Iq. \qdp IW-°n\v t{]m{Km-ap-If - m-Wp-≈X - .v Ah-sb√mw Iw]yq-´d- n¬ tkhv sNøm-\m-In-√. AXn-\m¬ In´p∂ A‰m®vsa‚ns‚ t{]m{Kmw am{Xw Uu¨temUv sNøm≥ kuIcy-ap≈ sh_vssk-‰p-I-fp-≠v. At\Iw t{]m{Km-ap-Iƒ tiJ-cn-®n-cn-°p∂ AØc-samcp sh_vssk-‰mWv http://www.fileinfo.net hni-Za- mb hnh-cß - ƒ klnXw Bbn-c° - W - °n\v ^b¬ FIvÃ≥j-\p-I-fpsS tU‰m-t_kmWv ^b¬ C≥t^m tUm´v s\‰n-ep-≈-Xv. AXnse Hmtcm F≥{Snbpw ^b¬ t^m¿am-‰v, ^b-ens‚ hnh-c-Ww, ^b¬ Xpd-°m-\p≈ t{]m{Kmtam t{]m{Km-ap-Itfm F∂o hnh-cß - ƒ kln-X-am-Wv. hn≥tUm-kv, am°n-t¥m-jv, en\Ivkv πm‰vt^m-ap-If - n-ep≈ ^b-ep-Iƒ Xpd°m-\p≈ t{]m{Km-ap-Iƒ CXn¬ \evIn-bn-´p-≠.v F¥mWv ^b¬ FIvÃ≥j≥ F∂Xv AS-°ap≈ hnh-cß - ƒ ssk‰n-ep-≠.v ^b¬ FIvÃ≥j≥ AYhm ^b¬ s\bnw FIvÃ≥j≥ Hmtcm ^b-en-t‚bpw Ah-km\w tN¿°p∂ {]Xy-b-am-Wv. DZm-l-c-W-Øn\v "computer.jpg" Hcp sP]n-CPn CtaPv ^b¬ BsW∂v a\-kn-em-°W - w. ".jpg" F∂ ^b¬ FIvÃ≥j-\n¬ \n∂mWv AXv a\-kn-em-°p-I. .txt Hcp sSIv Ì v tUmIyp- s aâmWv . .doc F∂Xv sat{Im-tkm^v‰v th¿Uv tUmIyp-sa‚ .v an° ^b¬ FIvÃ-\p-Iƒ°pw aqt∂m AXn¬ Xmsgtbm A£-c-ß-fmWv D]-tbm-Kn°p-∂X - .v Ipd-™- A£-cß - f - p≈hbv°v DZm-lcWw .h, .ps IpSp-Xe - p-≈h - bv°v DZm-lc- Ww .tiff, .gadget tUm´v Ign-™mWv FIvÃ≥j≥ tcJs∏-Sp-Øp-I. Adn-b-s∏-SmØ ^btem AYhm C˛-sabn¬ A‰m-®vsat‚m e`n-®m¬ AXp Xnc-bm≥ sh_vssk-‰n-em-Ipw. A£-ca- mem {Ia-Ønepw ^b¬ FIv à ≥j- \ p- I ƒ \ev I n- b n- ´ p- ≠ v . s]s´∂p sXc-bm≥ km[m-cW ^b¬ ssS∏pIƒ ""tIma¨ ^b¬ FIvÃ≥j≥kv'' t]Pn¬ \evIn-bn-´p-≠v. Nne ^b¬ FIvÃ-\p-Iƒ a‰p t{]m{Kmw D]-tbm-Kn®v Xpd-°m≥ km[n-°pw. t{]m{Kmw amdp-sa-∂-Xn-\m¬ AXv kq£n®p sNtø- ≠ - X m- W v . DZm- l - c W- Ø n\v .txt FIvÃ≥j≥ .doc B°n Xpd-°mw. F∂m¬ .txt ^b¬ .jpg B°n am‰n-bm¬ ^b¬ Xpd°n-√. AXn-\m¬ AXmXv t{]m{Km-ap-Iƒ D]-tbmKn®v ^b¬ Xp-d° - p-∂X - m-bn-cn°pw DNn-Xw. Bbn-c° - W - ° - n\v tkm^v‰v shb¿ t{]m{Kmap-Ifpw AX-\p-k-cn®v ]Xn-\m-bn-c-°-W-°n\v ^b¬ FIvÃ≥j-\p-I-fp-am-Wp-≈-Xv. Znhkw {]Xn Ah IqSp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. AsX√mw Hm¿Øn-cn-°pI km[y-a√ - . Aß-s\-bp-≈t- ∏mgmWv CØcw ssk‰p-Iƒ {]tbm-P\ - s - ∏-Sp-I. km[m-cW ^b¬ ssS∏p-Iƒ Ch-bmWv: Text Files, Data Files, Image Files, Audio Files, Video Files, Web Files, Font Files, Plugin Files, System Files, Settings Files, Executable Files, Compressed Files, Encoded Files, Developer Files, Backup Files, Disk Files, Game Files, Miscellaneous Files. km[m-cW ^b¬ FIvÃ≥j-\p-Iƒ Adn™n-cn-°p-∂Xv \∂m-bn-cn-°pw. ^b¬ t^m¿am‰v A\p-kc- n®v Xcw Xncn-®X - :v

.wks Microsoft Works Spreadsheet .xls Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet .xml XML File

.3dm Rhino 3D Model .3dmf QuickDraw 3D Metafile

.fnt Font File .fon Generic Font File .otf OpenType Font .ttf TrueType Font

Text Files .doc Microsoft Word Document .log Log File .msg Mail Message .rtf Rich Text Format File .txt Plain Text File .wpd WordPerfect Document .wps Microsoft Works Word Processor Document

Page Layout Files

Plugin Files

.indd Adobe InDesign File .pdf Portable Document Format File .qxd QuarkXpress Document .qxp QuarkXpress Project File

.8bi Photoshop Plug-in .plugin Mac OS X Application Plug-in .xll Excel Add-In File

Data Files .123 Lotus 1-2-3 Spreadsheet .csv Comma Separated Values File .dat Data File .db Database File .dll Dynamic Link Library .mdb Microsoft Access Database .pps PowerPoint Slide Show .ppt PowerPoint Presentation .sql Structured Query Language Data

Image Files .mng Multiple Network Graphic .pct Picture File Raster Image Files .bmp Bitmap Image File .gif Graphical Interchange Format File .jpeg JPEG Image File .jpg JPEG Image File

Video Files .3gp 3GPP Multimedia File .asf Advanced Systems Format File .asx Microsoft ASF Redirector File .avi Audio Video Interleave File .mov Apple QuickTime Movie .mp4 MPEG-4 Video File .mpg MPEG Video File .qt Apple QuickTime Movie .rm Real Media File .swf Macromedia Flash Movie .wmv Windows Media Video File

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Executable Files .app Mac OS X Application .bat DOS Batch File .cgi Common Gateway Interface Script .com DOS Command File .exe Windows Executable File .pif Program Information File .vb VBScript File .ws Windows Script Compressed Files .deb Debian Software Package .gz Gnu Zipped File .pkg Mac OS X Installer Package .rar WinRAR Compressed Archive .sea Self-Extracting Archive .sit Stuffit Archive .sitx Stuffit X Archive .zip Zipped File

.png Portable Network Graphic .psd Photoshop Document .psp Paint Shop Pro Image File

Web Files .asp Active Server Page .css Cascading Style Sheet

Encoded Files .bin Macbinary II Encoded File .hqx BinHex 4.0 Encoded File

.tif Tagged Image File

.htm Hypertext Markup Language File .html Hypertext Markup Language File .js JavaScript File .jsp Java Server Page .php Hypertext Preprocessor File .xhtml Extensible Hypertext Markup Language File

.mim Multi-Purpose Internet Mail Message .uue Uuencoded File

Vector Image Files .ai Adobe Illustrator File .drw Drawing File .dxf Drawing Exchange Format File .eps Encapsulated PostScript File .ps PostScript File .svg Scalable Vector Graphics File 3D Image Files

Audio Files .aac Advanced Audio Coding File .aif Audio Interchange File Format .iff Interchange File Format .m3u Media Playlist File .mid MIDI File .midi MIDI File .mp3 MP3 Audio File .mpa MPEG Audio File .ra Real Audio File .ram Real Audio Media .wav WAVE Audio File .wma Windows Media Audio File

Font Files

System Files .cab Windows Cabinet File .cpl Windows Control Panel .cur Windows Cursor .dmp Windows Memory Dump .drv Device Driver .key Security Key .lnk File Shortcut .sys Windows System File Settings Files .cfg Configuration File .ini Windows Initialization File .reg Registration Information

Developer Files .c C/C++ Source Code File .cpp C++ Source Code File .java Java Source Code File .pl Perl Script Backup Files .bak Backup File .gho Norton Ghost Backup File .old Backup File .ori Original File .tmp Temporary File Disk Files .dmg Mac OS X Disk Image .iso Disc Image File .toast Toast Disc Image .vcd Virtual CD Game Files .gam Saved Game File .nes Nintendo (NES) ROM File .rom N64 Game ROM File .sav Saved Game Miscellaneous Files .msi Windows Installer Package .torrent BitTorrent File .yps Yahoo! Messenger Data File


D-Xv-]-∂w-

2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 01˛14

15

A-º-Xp- ]p-Xn-b- D-Xv-]-∂-ß-fp-am-bn- U-_nƒ- tlm-gv-kvkp-h¿-W- Pq-_n-en- B-tLm-jn°p-∂- `-t£ym-X] -v ∂ - - cw-Ks- Ø- ap≥-\nc-°m-cm-b- a-™n-em-kv- {Kq-∏n-s‚- {]-apJ- {_m≥-Um-b- U-_nƒ- tlm-gk -v -v Cuh¿-jw- 50 ]p-Xn-b- D-Xv-]-∂-߃- hn-]Wn-bn-se-Øn-°pw.- a-km-e- s]m-Sn-If - psS- h-en-sbm-cp- t{i-Wn-bm-bn-cn-°pw- ]pXn-b- D-Xv-]-∂-ß-fp-sS- \n-c-bn¬- I-º\n- B-Zyw- ]p-dØ - n-d° - p-I.Pq-_n-en- B-tLm-j-ß-fp-sS- `m-Kam-bn- I-º\ - n-bp-sS- 96 D-X] v- ∂ - ß - f - p-sS-

`-t£ym-Xv] - ∂ - ß - ƒ- D-]t- `m-‡m-°ƒ°v- F-Øn-®p- sIm-Sp-°p-∂-Xn-\m-bn-cn°pw- ap-t∂m-´p- I-º\ - n- {i-an-°p-I.\-√- `-£W - w- F-∂- B-ib - Ø - n-eqsS- B-tcm-Ky-Ic - a- m-b- `-£W - - co-Xn-Isf-bm-W-v I-º\ - n- t{]m-’m-ln-∏n-°p-∂Xv.- C-Xn-s‚- `m-Ka- m-bn- Hm¿-Km-\n-Iv- Irjn-co-Xn-Is - f-bpw- Ir-{Xn-aa- √ - m-Ø- co-XnI-sf-bpw- I-º\ - n- ]n-¥p-Wb - ° v- pw.- \-√`-£W - w- F-∂- B-ib - Ø - n¬- sh-≈wtN¿-°m-sX- th-KØ - n¬- ]m-Iw- sN-øm-

bpw- 20 C-\-ß-fn¬-s∏-Sp-∂- A-cn- D-Xv]-∂ß - f - p-sS-bpw- ]m-bv° - nw-Kn-\v- ]p-Xnb- cq-]`- m-hw- \¬-Ipw.- sam-ØØ - n-ep-≈Un-ssk≥- am-‰Ø - n-eq-sS- I-SI - f - n¬- U_nƒ- tlm-gvk - v- D-Xv] - ∂ - ß - ƒ-°v- Iq-SpX¬- {i-≤- ssI-hc- n-°m≥- km-[n-°p-sa∂v- am-t\-Pnw-Kv- U-b-d-Iv-S¿- Nq-≠n-°m´n.- Iq-Sm-sX- D-X] -v ∂ - ß - f - p-sS- ]p-Xp-a- \in-°m-sX- kq-£n-°p-∂X - n-\pw- kzm-`mhn-IK - p-Ww- \n-e\ - n¿-Øp-∂X - n-\pw- ]p-Xnb- ]m-b° v- nw-Kv- k-lm-bn-°pw.Pq-_n-en- B-tLm-j-ß-fp-sS- `m-Kam-bn- C-S] - m-Sp-Im¿-°pw- Uo-e¿-am¿-°pwkm-[m-cW - - P-\ß - ƒ-°p-am-bn- \n-ch - [ - nk-Ωm-\] - ≤ - X - n-If - pw- B-hn-jI v- c- n-®n-´p≠v.- I-gn-™- A-ºX - p- h¿-ja- m-bn- temI-Øn-s‚- \m-\m-`m-KØ - p- h-kn-°p-∂- ae-bm-fn-Iƒ-°-v ]-cº - c- m-KX - - `-£W - w- e`y-am-°p-∂X - n-\v- U-_nƒ- tlm-gvk - v- klm-bn-®n-´p-≠v.- C-°-gn-™- h¿-j-ßfn-se-√mw- P-\ß - ƒ- \¬-In-b- ]n-¥p-Wbv° - p-≈- \-µn-kq-NI - a- m-bm-W-v k-Ωm-\]-≤X - n- \-S∏ - n-em-°p-∂s- X-∂-v am-t\-PnwKv- U-bd- I - Sv- ¿- ]-d™ p.- `-£y-kw-kI v- c-W- πm-‚p-Iƒ- B-[p-\n-Ih - X - I -v c- n-®pw- IqSp-Xe - m-bn- b-{¥-hX - I v- c - n-®pw- sa-®s - ∏-´-

hp-∂- `-t£ym-Xv] - ∂ - ß - ƒ- hn-]W - n-bnse-Øn-°p-∂X - n-\m-bn-cn-°pw- {i-≤- tI{µo-Ic- n-°p-I.]m-Iw- sN-øm≥- X-bm-dm-bn-´p-≈X - pw`-£n-°m≥- ]m-Is- ∏-Sp-Øn-bX - p-am-b- U_nƒ- tlm-gk -v -v D-X] -v ∂ - ß - ƒ-°-v ]-›nta-jy,- bp.-Fk - .v F - ,- bq-tdm-∏,v - Hm-kt-v {Sen-b- F-∂n-hn-Sß - f - n-se-√mw- \-√- hn-]Wn- km-∂n-[y-ap-≠.v - C-¥y-bn-epw- hn-tZi-Øp-ap-≈- F-√m- a-eb - m-fn-If - n-te-°pwF-Øn-t®-cp-I- F-∂p-≈X - m-W-v X-ßf - psS- e-£y-sa-∂-v U-bd- I - S-v ¿- hn-t\m-Z-v tPm¨- ]-d™ p.^m-Ã-v ^p-Un-\-v {]n-bt- a-dp-tºm-gpwB-tcm-Ky-Ic- a- m-b,- ]-cº - c- m-KX - - `-£W - tØm-Sp- a-eb - m-fn-°v- {]-tXy-I- Xm-Xv] - cy-ap-≠.v - Cu- cw-KØ - m-W-v U-_nƒ- tlmgvk - -v km-∂n-[y-ap-d∏ - n-°p-∂X - .v - Im-eØ - n\v- A-\p-tbm-Py-am-b- D-Xv] - ∂ - ß - ƒ- hn]-Wn-bn-en-d-°m≥- I-º-\n- F-∂pw- {]tXy-I- {i-≤- ]-Xn-∏n-®n-´p-≠.v - sl¬-Ø-v ]p-´-v C-Xn-\p-Zm-lc- W - a- m-W.v kp-h¿-W- Pq-_n-en- h¿-jw- {]-tXyI- Im-eb - f - h - n¬- Hm-tcm- C-S] - m-Sn-\p-sam∏w- k-Ωm-\ß - ƒ- hm-KZv- m-\w- sN-øp-∂k-hn-ti-ja- m-b- H-cp- k-Ωm-\] - ≤ - X - n- A-

F¬-Pn-bp-sS- Ip-°nlm≥-Uv-sk-‰vF¬-Pn-bp-sS- sI-]n-500 t^m-¨- hn-]-Wn-bn¬.- Ip-°nF-∂d- n-bs - ∏-Sp-∂- sI-]n-500 Pn-Fk - vF - w- lm≥-Uvs - k-‰v- S-®v- kv{Io-t\m-Sp-Iq-Sn-bh - b - m-Wv.- hm-es - s‚≥-kv- Zn-\Ø - n¬- k-Ωm-\a- mbn- \-eI -v m≥- D-Nn-Xa- m-Wn-sX-∂-v \n¿-am-Xm-°ƒ.3 sa-Km-]n-Ik -v ¬- Im-ad- ,- Hm-¨k - {-v Io≥- Io-t_m¿-U,v - Hmt´m- sdm-t´-‰nw-Kv- Un-ktv- π,- tam-j≥- sk≥-k¿- sK-bnwkv,- G-gp- a-Wn-°q¿- h-sc- kw-km-cn-°m≥- I-gn-bp-∂i-‡n-tb-dn-b- _m-‰d- n,- 48 Fw-_n- C-t‚-W¬- saΩ-dn,- 1 Pn-_n- ssa-t{Im- F-kv-Un- Im¿-Uv- F-∂nh- k-ln-Xa- m-Wv- Ip-°n- hn-]W - n-bn-se-Øp-∂X - v.11.-9 an-√n-ao-‰¿- am-{Xw- I-\a- p-≈- F¬-Pn- sI-]n-500˛-s‚- `m-cw89 {Km-am-Wv.- 13,-500 cq-]b - m-Wv- hn-e.-

¥n-a- cq-]-Øn-em-bn-´p-≠v.- Iq-Sm-sX- a™n-em-k-v {Kq-∏n-s‚- ÿm-]I - \ - m-b- Fw.H.- tPm-Wn-s‚- kv-a-c-Wm¿-Yw- h¿-jwtXm-dpw- kw-ÿm-\- X-eØ - n¬- {]-Xn-`I-sf- I-s≠-Øp-∂- a-’c- h - pw- Cu- h¿-

I-º\ - n-bp-sS- ]p-Xn-b- D-Xv] - ∂ - a- m-b- U_nƒ- tlm-gv-kv- N-°-h-c-´n- hn-]-Wn-bnen-d° - n.- am¿-°‰- nw-Kv- U-bd- I - vS- ¿- k-Pohv- tPm-Wn-\v- D-Xv-]-∂w- ssI-a-dn-s°m≠v- s{]m-UI - j v- ≥- U-bd- I - Sv- ¿- k-t¥m-

hn-]W - n-bn-se-Øn-°p-I- F-∂X - -v B-cw`-Im-eØ - v- I-Tn-\a- m-b- {]-bX - v\ - w- B-hiy-am-b- Im-cy-am-bn-cp-∂p.- tÃm-¨s- e-k,v tkm¿-s´-Ik -v -v Xp-Sß - n- aq-ey-h¿-[n-Xa- mb- A-cn- B-Zy-am-bn- hn-]W - n-bn-se-Øn-

jw- ap-X¬- kw-LS- n-∏n-°pw.- tI-cf - Ø - nse- F-´p- ap-X¬- ]-Øp- h-sc-bp-≈- ¢mkp-If - n¬- ]-Tn-°p-∂- hn-Zym¿-Yn-If - n¬\n-∂-v ]m-Ty-an-Ih - p-≈h - s- c- I-s≠-Øp-∂a-’c - ] - c - n-]m-Sn-bm-bn-cn-°pw- C-Xv.- hn-Pbn-Iƒ-°-v B-I¿-jI - a- m-b- k-Ωm-\ß - ƒ\¬-Ip-∂X - n-s\m-∏w- A-hc- p-sS- kvI - q-fn\v- Fw.-H.- tPm-¨- kv-am-c-I- F-h¿-tdmfnw-Kv- t{Sm-^n-bpw- k-Ωm-\n-°pw.I-gn-™- A-ºX - p- h¿-ja- m-bn- I-º\n-bp-am-bn- k-lI - c - n-®p- {]-h¿-Øn-°p∂- Uo-e¿-am-sc- Kp-Uv- ^p-Uv- Aw-_mk-U¿-am-cm-bn- Aw-Ko-Ic - n-°m-\pw- ]-cn]m-Sn-bp-≠.v kp-h¿-W- Pq-_n-en- h¿-jw- "-\√ - - `£-Ww-'- F-∂- B-i-bw- G-s‰-Sp-ØpsIm-≠m-Wv- I-º-\n- {]-h¿-Ø-\-߃B-hn-jI -v c- n-®n-cn-°p-∂s- X-∂-v a-™n-emkv- sN-b¿-am-\pw- am-t\-Pnw-K-v U-bd- I - S-v dp-am-b- c-RP v- n-Xv- tPm-¨- hy-‡a- m-°n.-

jv- tPm-¨- B-W-v B-Zy-hn-]W - \ - w- \n¿h-ln-®X - .v 1959 ¬- Fw.-H.- tPm-¨- Xp-S-°-an-´a-™n-em-kv- {Kq-∏v- tI-cf - Ø - n-se- A-cnhy-hk - m-b- cw-KØ - v- hn-πh - I - c - a- m-b- am‰-ßf - m-Wp-≠m-°n-bX - .v - hym-]m-cn- hy-hkm-bn- G-tIm-]\ - k - a- n-Xn-bp-sS- ÿm-]\- P-\d- ¬- sk-{I-´d- n-bm-b- Fw.-H.- tPm¨- Xr-iq¿- tNw-_¿- Hm-^-v sIm-ta-gk -v ns‚- 1993˛-2000 {]-kn-U‚ - p-am-bn-cp-∂p.sXm-´s- X-√mw- s]m-∂m-°n-b- N-cn-{Xam-Wv- Fw.-H.- tPm-Wn-t‚-Xv.- cm-PI - p-Spw_-Øn-\-v A-cn- hn-Xc- W - w- sN-bX -v n-cp-∂bmƒ- F-∂- \n-eb - n¬- \n-∂v- A-cn- hym]m-cØ - n-s‚- cm-P] - Z- h - n-bn-te-°v- A-t±l-sØ- F-Øn-®-Xv- Zo¿-L-ho-£-WtØm-sS-bp-≈- t\-Xr-]m-Sh - a- m-bn-cp-∂p.A-cn- an¬- _n-kn-\k - n¬- ]-Xn-‰m-≠p-Ifp-sS- ]m-cº - c- y-am-W-v a-™n-em-kn-\p-≈Xv.- ]m-Iw- sN-øm≥- X-bm-dm-°n-b- A-cn-

®-X-v a-™n-em-k-v B-bn-cp-∂p.I¿-°i - a- m-b- Kp-W\ - n-eh - m-cw- ]p-e¿Øn-t∏m-∂- U-_nƒ- tlm-gvk - n-s‚- ]mI-s∏-Sp-Øn-b- `-t£ym-X] v- ∂ - ß - ƒ- XpS-°w- ap-X-te- G-sd- P-\-{]n-b-am-bn.A-cn-bpw- A-cn- D-Xv-]-∂-ß-fpw- Iq-SmsX- U-_nƒ- tlm-gv-kn-\v- tKm-X-ºvD-Xv-]-∂-߃,- _-\m-\- ]u-U¿,- dm-Kn]p-´p- s]m-Sn,- kvs - s]-kk - v- t]-Ãp-Iƒ,I-dn- an-Ik -v p-Iƒ,- A-®m-dp-Iƒ,- hn-\m-Kncn,- ]-∏-Sw,- sd-Uv- _o≥-kv,- I-cn-°n≥sh-≈w,- km-Kq- ko-Uv-kv,- B-tcm-dq-´v]u-U¿,- Pn≥-Pve - n- Hm-bn¬,- {^q-´v- C≥l-Wn- Xp-S-ßn- \n-c-h-[n- D-Xv-]-∂-ß f - p-≠.v \n-eh - n¬- U-_nƒ- tlm-gk -v n-\-v tIc-fØ - n¬- Xr-iq¿,- ]m-e° - m-Sv- F-∂n-hnS-ßf - n-epw- t]m-≠n-t®-cn,- I¿-Wm-SI - - F∂n-hn-Sß - f - n-epw- kw-kI -v c- W - - tI-{µ-ßfp-≠.v -

ssh-Zyp-Xn- em-`n-°p-∂- hn- Km¿-Uv- hm-´¿-lo-‰¿- kv-{]n≥-tlm-´vsshZ- yp-tXm-]I- c- W - \ - n¿-am-Xm°-fm-b- hn-˛K - m¿-U-v C≥-Uk -v {-v So-k-v kv{]n≥-tlm-´v- F-∂t- ]-cn¬- ]p-Xn-b- hm´¿-lo-‰¿- ]p-dØ - n-d° - n.- ssh-Zyp-Xn- sNe-hv- a-‰v- hm-´¿-lo-‰d- p-It- f-°mƒ- ]-IpXn-sb- h-cq.- C-e-Iv-{Sn-°¬- dn-k¿-®vB≥-U-v sU-he - ∏ - s-v a-‚ -v A-tkm-kn-tbj≥- ]-e] - c- o-£W - ß - ƒ-°pw- ti-jwssh-Zyp-Xn- em-`w- D-d∏ - m-°n-°g- n-™p.Cu-bn-\w- hm-´¿- lo-‰d- p-Iƒ-°v- _n.-sF.-Fkv- \n-jI v- ¿-jn-°p-∂- Du¿-P\ - j - Sv- w- 1.-138 In-temhm-´m-bn-cn-s°- kv{- ]n≥-tlm-´n¬- h-cp-∂- Du¿-P\-jS-v w- 0.-564 In-tem-hm-´-v am-{X-am-W.v - D-]t- bm-‡m°ƒ-°v- an-I® - - D-X] v- ∂ - w- \¬-Ip-I- F-∂- e-£ytØm-sS- \-SØ - p-∂- K-th-jW - Ø - n-s‚- ^-ea- m-bn-

\n¿-Ωn-s®-Sp-ØX - m-W-v ]p-Xn-b- D¬-∏∂-sa-∂-v hn- Km¿-U-v C≥-Uk - {-v So-k-v FIv-kn-Iyq-´n-hv- U-b-d-Iv-S¿- an-Yp≥- Nn‰n-e∏ - ≈ - n- kq-Nn-∏n-®p.an-I-hp-‰- ]-^v- C≥-kp-te-j≥,sÃ-bv≥s - e-kv- Ão-en¬- Xo¿-Ø- DƒSm-¶v,- F-_n-F-kv- ]v-fm-Ãn-Iv- B-h-cWw,- Sn-Kv- sh¬-Un-Mv- Iq-Sm-sX- D-]tbm-Kn-°p-∂b - m-fp-sS- kp-c£ - n-XX - zw- D-d∏ - m-°p-∂s]-‚m- s{]m-´£ - ≥- kn-Ãw- F-∂n-h- D¬-∏∂ - Ø - ns‚- {]-tXy-IX - I - f - m-W.v D-]t- bm-‡m-hn-s‚- C-jSv- Ø - n-\\ - p-kc- n-®v- hnhn-[h - ¿-WØ - n-epw- tÃm-td-P-v I-∏m-kn-‰n-bn-epw- e`y-am-Wv.- cm-Py-sØ- 7100 Uo-e¿-am¿- h-gn- ]p-Xn-bD-X] -v ∂ - w- e-`y-am-Ipw.-


cmyk

CROSSROAD 16

2009 February 01-14

KERML-12303/11/1/2005-TCM 6/59746/2004. ! Edited, Printed and Published by Michael Varghese on behalf of Crossroad, P.B.No:4238, House 68/2340, Cherupushpam Lane, Near Pottakkuzhy Little Flower Church, Kaloor P.O., Kochi-682017, Kerala, India and Printed by him at Cherrys Printers, LFC Road, Kaloor, Kochi-682 017. ! Managing Editor: Michael Varghese ! Executive Editor: Thomas Mathai Karikkampallil ! Mobile: +91 9847738883 ! Email: editor.crossroad@gmail.com

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Crossroad Vol 03 Issue 05  

Executive Editor: Thomas Mathai Karikkampallil

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