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cmyk

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sIm-®n-

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]p-kv-X-Iw- 03

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e-°-w- 01

t]-Pv- 16

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hn-e- 10 cq-]-

sdbn¬th ss{S_yp-W-en¬ sRmSn-bn-S-bn¬ Imcy-߃ tXmakv aØmbn Icn-°w-]-≈n¬

sabn≥ tÃmdn aq-∂mw- t]-Pn¬-

! t^mt´m-:- F.-F-kv.-k-Xo-jv-

2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14

kzm-an-Z¿-i-\w-...- ]p-Wy-Z¿-i-\w-

]p-Xn-b- e-°w-

in-hs\ ]n-Sn-® i\n-

Zn-eo-]n-s‚- `m-hn-

kz-]v\ - w- Im-Wp-tºmƒ- ^ew Iq-Sn- Adn-bt≠...?-

hn-]-Wnbn-te-°v-

crossroad graphics

Kpcp-hm-bq¿- G-Im-Z-in-

cmyk


^m-j-≥-

2 2

2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14

emIvsa ^mj≥ ho°n¬ k¨kn¬°v ssì ln-

µp-ÿm≥- bq-Wn-en-h¿- en-an-‰Un-s‚- {]o-an-bw- sl-b¿- sI-b¿- {_m≥Uv- k-¨k - n¬-°-v A-hX - c- n-∏n-°p-∂- k¨-kn¬-°v- ssì- em-Iv-sa- ^m-j≥ho-°n¬- {i-≤m-tI-{µ-am-bn.- t_m-fn-hp-U-v Xm-cw- {]n-b¶ - m- tNm-{],- kq-∏¿- tam-U¬ap-K[ v- - tKm-Us v- k,- \-Sn- I-¶W - - dm-hØ - vF-∂n-hc- m-W-v k-¨k - n¬-°-v sl-b¿-^mj≥- tjm-bv° - m-bv- dmw-]n¬- A-Wn-\n-c∂-X.v kvs - S-bn-‰v- B≥-Uv- …o-°v,- tIƒ-kvB≥-Uv- th-hk v- v,- se-tb-Uv- B≥-Uv- sSIvk - tv- N-Uv- F-∂n-ßs - \- aq-∂p- ssÃ-ep-

I-fm-W-v k-¨k - n¬-°-v A-hX - c- n-∏n-°p-∂Xv.- B-tKm-f- {]-ik - X -v - sl-b¿- Un-ssk\¿- B≥-{Uq- t_mƒ-´-\pw,- {]-i-kv-XC-¥y≥- sl-b¿- Un-ssk-\¿- \-tc-{µ -Ip-am-dpw- tN¿-∂m-Wv- Cu- ]p-Xn-bk-¨k - n¬-°-v tam-Ue - p-Iƒ- A-hX - c- n-∏n®-X.v k-¨-kn¬-°v- ssì- A-\p-`-hØn-\m-bn- C-¥y-sbm-´m-sI-bp-≈- Pmth-Zv- l-_o-_v- k-eq-Wp-I-fn-se- k-¨kn¬-°v- ssì- Ãp-Un-tbm- k-µ¿-in°m-hp-∂-Xm-sW-∂v- I-º-\n- h-‡m-hvkq-Nn-∏n-®p.-

eIvkv tjmssSw

{ioim¥v -{i≤m-tI{µw a

-e-bm-fn- {In-°-‰v- Xm-cw- {io-im¥v- ^m-j≥- tem-I-Øpw- {i-≤- t\-Sp∂p.- apw-ss_-bn¬- em-Ivs - a- ^m-j≥ho-°n¬- kp-{]-kn-≤- Un-ssk-\¿- hn{Iw- ^m-U\ -v n-kn-s‚- e-Ik -v -v tjm-ssSwI-eI - j -v ≥A-hX - c- n-∏n-®- {io-im-¥-v t_m-fn-hpUv- •m-a¿- tem-IØ - n-s‚- {i-≤m-tI-{µam-bn.- sX-∂n-¥y≥- N-e® - n-{X-Xm-cw- {inb- i-cW - n-s\m-∏a- m-Wv- {io-im-¥v- e-Iv-

kv- tjm-ssSw- dmw-]n¬- Np-hS- p-h® - X - v.e-Ivk - v- tjm-ssS-an¬- ]-s¶-Sp-Øvdmw-]n¬- Np-hS- p-h® - X - -v a-d° - m≥- ]-‰m-ØA-\p-`h - a- m-bn- F-∂-v {io-im-¥-v ]-d™ - p.{In-°‰- -v t]m-se- X-s∂- \r-Øh - pwh-g-ßp-∂- {io-im-¥v- A-ßn-s\- C¥y≥- •m-a¿- tem-I-Øn-se- ]p-Ø≥Xm-ca- m-hp-Ib - m-W.v - B-kzm-ZI - s- c- Io-gS-°p-∂- {]-IS- \ - a- m-W-v e-Ik -v -v tjm-ssSan¬- {io-im-¥-v Im-gN -v h - ® - X - pw.-

s{S≥-Uv-

s_≥-kn-e-

IÆo-cn-\pw- ku-µcyw-

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Æo-cWn-™ s]Æn-s‚ ku-µcysØ∏‰n- Ihn-Iƒ- ]m-Sn-bn-´p-≠.v - F∂m¬- AXns‚ I®hSkm-[y-XIsf∏‰n- Bcm-bp-Ibm-W-v U®v- Un-ssk\dm-b Fdn-Iv- ¢m-c≥-_oI-v.- Icn-

ajn- IÆgIn-\p-]p-dta IÆn-eWn-bm≥- IÆp-\o¿- Sbn¬- {In-k‰-v ep-Ifpw- a‰pw- IÆp-\o¿-Øp-≈n-IfmB`cWhpw-! CXWn-™ kp-µcn-sb s]s´∂v- Im- bn- Xq-ßn-°n-S°pw.Wm≥- Ahƒ- Icbp-Ibm-sW∂p- tXm-∂p-as{X! IÆn-s‚ kp-c£ Cu- B`cWw- Dd∏ptIm¨-Sm-Iv-‰v- se≥-kn-t\m-Sv- _‘n-∏n-®p-≈ \m- \¬-Ip-∂p-sh∂m-Wv- Un-ssk\dp-Ifp-sS ]£w.-

IÆSbv-°p-tºm-gpw- Xp-d°p-tºm-gpw- AXns\m- ∏ w- se≥- k pw- Nen- ° pw.- a‰v - Akz k - vY - XIfp-an-√.- hn-etbdn-b IÆp-\o¿- AWnbp-t∂m?-


sabn≥ kv-t‰m-dn-

2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14

3

B¿k-n-Sn-bn¬- \jvS-]-cn-lmc DØ-chv F-{X-bpw- s]-s´-∂vtIm-

SX - n-If - n¬- tI-kp-Iƒ- Ip-∂p-Iq-Sn- In-S° - p-tºmƒ- F-dWm-Ip-fw- sd-bn¬-th- s¢-bnw-kv- ss{S-_yp-W¬- A-Xn-s\-Xn-tc- amXr-I- Im-´p-∂p.- tc-JI - ƒ- F-√mw- Ir-Xy-am-bn-´p-≈X - m-W-v k-a¿-∏n-°p∂-sX-¶n¬- H-cp- Zn-hk - Ø - n-\p-≈n¬- \n-ba- m-\p-kr-Xa- p-≈- \-jS-v ] - c- nlm-cØ - p-Ib - ° -v p-≈- D-Øc- h - -v ]p-ds- ∏-Sp-hn-°p-∂X - m-sW-∂-v Pp-Uo-jy¬Aw-Kw- C.-cm-P- cm-a≥.- Sn-°‰- pw- {]-Ya- - hn-hc- - dn-t∏m¿-´pw- B-W-v C-Xn\v- A-Xym-hi - yw- th-≠p-∂- tc-JI - ƒ.- \p-dp- Zn-hk - Ø - n-\p-≈n¬- 2008 P-\p-hc- n- ap-X¬- H-It-v Sm-_¿- h-sc- ^-b¬- sN-bX -v n-´p-≈- A-t]-£I - fn¬- F-√mw- Xo¿-∏p-Ie - ∏ v- n-°m-\pw- ss{S-_yq-W¬- {i-an-°pw.-

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bn¬-th- C≥-^¿-ta-j≥- kn-ÃØ - n-s‚- (kn-B¿-sF-Fk - )-v - ta¬-t\m´-Øn-em-Wn-X.v s{S-bn≥- A-]-I-S-ß-fn-epw- s{S-bn-\p-am-bn- _-‘-s∏-´- A-]-I-Sß-fn-epw- Dƒ-s∏-´h - b - v° - pw- A-hc - p-sS- A-\¥ - c - m-hI - m-in-°pw- th-KØn¬- \-jv-S-]-cn-lm-cw- \¬-Ip-I- F-∂- e-£y-tØm-sS-bm-Wv- sdbn¬-th- s¢-bnw-k-v ss{S-_yq-W¬- (B¿-kn-Sn-)- cq-]o-Ir-Xa- m-bX - .v - sdbn¬-th- bm-{X-°m-tc-bpw- πm-‰vt- ^m-dw- Sn-°‰- v- tlmƒ-U¿-am-tc-bpwsd-bn¬-th- C≥-jz¿- sN-øp-∂p-≠v.- s{S-bn≥- A-]-I-S-ß-fn¬-s]-Sp∂- bm-{X-°m-cpw- s{S-bn-\n¬- k-©-cn-°p-tºmƒ- sd-bn¬-th-bp-sS{]-h¿-Ø\ - ß - f - n-ep-≈- t]m-cm-ba-v a- q-ew- kw-`h - n-°p-∂- A-]I - S- ß - ƒ,I-em-]ß - ƒ,- t_mw-_-v kvt- ^m-S\ - ß - ƒ,- Xo-{h-hm-Zn- B-{I-aW - w- Xp-Sßn-bh - b - pw- πm-‰tv- ^mw,- sh-bn-‰nw-Kv- lmƒ,- Sn-°‰- v- _p-°nw-Kv- Hm-^o-

N-c-°v- I-S-Øv- kw-_-‘-am-b- tI-kp-I-fn¬- N-c-°v- \-jv-S-s∏-´kvY - e - t- am- F-Øn-t®-tc-≠- kvY - e - t- am- _p-°-v sN-bX -v - kvY - e - t- am- s_©n-s‚- ]-cn-[n-°p-≈n-em-bn-cn-°W - w.- \-jvS- ] - c - n-lm-cØ - n-\p-≈- At]-£I - ƒ- aq-∂-v h¿-jØ - n-\I - w- k-a¿-∏n-®n-cn-°W - w.A-]I - S- - \-jvS- ] - c - n-lm-c- tI-kp-Iƒ-°v- ^o-kn-√.- F-∂m¬- N-c°v- I-SØ - -v tI-kp-Iƒ-°-v sd-bn¬-th- ss¢w-k-v ss{S-_yq-W¬- B-I-v Sv- ˛- 1987 {]-Im-ca- p-≈- ^o-kv- sI-´n-hb - tv- °-≠X - m-Wv.I-gn-™- 19 h¿-ja- m-bn- I-Se - p-≠n- s{S-bn≥- B-Ik v- n-U‚ - v- tI-kS-°w- \q-dp-IW - ° - n-\-v tI-kp-Iƒ-°-v F-dW - m-Ip-fw- s_-©-v Xo¿-∏-v I¬]n-°p-Ib - p-≠m-bn.- s]m-Xp-P\ - {- i-≤- B-I¿-jn-°s - ∏-´- ]-e- tI-kp-Ifpw- C-Xn¬-s]-Sp-∂p.- tI-kp-Iƒ- th-KØ - n¬- Xo¿-∏p-I¬-∏n-°p-∂X - n¬Cu- s_-©v- h-fs - c-tb-sd- {i-≤n-°p-∂p.- F-∂m¬- Cu- kw-hn-[m-\-

kv,- dn-k¿-th-j≥- Hm-^o-kv- Xp-Sß - n-b- kvY - e - ß - f - n¬-h® - p-≠m-Ip-∂A-]-I-S-ß-fpw- C-Xn-s‚- ]-cn-[n-bn¬- h-cp-∂p.- sd-bn¬-th- h-gn- _p°v- sN-øp-∂- km-[\ - ß - ƒ- \-jSv- s - ∏-Sp-It- bm- `m-Kn-Ia- m-bn- \-in-°pI-tbm- sN-øp-∂X - n-\v- sd-bn¬-th- \¬-Ip-∂- \-jvS- ] - c - n-lm-cw- A-]cym-]vX - a- m-sW-∂p- tXm-∂n-bm¬- I-£n-Iƒ-°v- Cu- ss{S-_yq-We - ns\- k-ao-]n-°m-hp-∂X - m-W.v A-]I - S- ß - f - n¬- a-cW - a- S- b - p-∂h - ¿-°v- \m-ep- e-£w- cq-]b - pw- A]-IS- Ø - n¬- s]-Sp-∂h - ¿-°-v A-Xn-s‚- Xo-{h-Xb - \ - p-kc- n-®-v 32,-000 cq-]ap-X¬- \m-ep- e-£w- cq-]- h-sc-bpw- \-jS-v ] - c- n-lm-cw- \¬-Ip-hm≥- hyh-kY -v s - N-øp-∂p.- A-]I - S- Ø - n¬- a-cn-®h - c- p-sS- A-\¥ - c- m-hI - m-in-Iƒt°m,- ]-cp-t°-‰h - ¿-t°m- \-jS-v ] - c- n-lm-cØ - n-\m-bn- A-t]-£n-°m-hp∂-Xm-Wv.- A-t]-£I - ¿-°v- t\-cn-t´m- A-`n-`m-jI - ≥- ap-tJ-\t- bm- tIkv- ^-b¬- sN-ømw.- A-]I - S- w- \-S∂ - - H-cp- h¿-jØ - n-\I - w- tI-kv- ^b¬- sN-tø-≠-Xm-Wv.- Sn-°-‰v- F-Sp-Ø- kv-Y-e-tam- F-Øn-t®-tc-≠kv-Y-e-tam- A-]-I-Sw- kw-`-hn-®- kv-Y-e-tam- s_-©n-s‚- ]-cn-[n-°p≈n-em-bn-cn-°-Ww.- A-t]-£-Iƒ- X-]m¬- h-gn-bpw- k-a¿-∏n-°m-hp∂-Xm-W.v -

sØ-°p-dn-®v- A-ht- _m-[a- n-√m-bav- - Im-cW - w- ]-et- ∏m-gpw- tI-kp-Iƒc-Pn-k‰v- ¿- sN-øs - ∏-Sm-sX- t]m-Ip-∂p.- A¿-lX - b - p-≈h - ¿-°v- \-jSv- ] - cn-lm-cw- hm-ßm≥- I-gn-bm-sX-bpw- t]m-Ip-∂p.sd-bn¬-th- s¢-bnw-k-v ss{S-_yp-We - n-s‚- F-dW - m-Ip-fw- s_-©-v F-dW - m-Ip-fw- U¿-_mƒ-lm-fn-\p- k-ao-]a- p-≈- tXm-´b - ° -v m-´-v lu-knem-Wv- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂X - v.- (tXm-´b - v° - m-´v- lu-kv,- Un.-F® - v.- tdm-Uv,F-d-Wm-Ip-fw-˛-682016.- sS-en-t^m-¨-:- 0484˛-2362136.- C-˛-sa-bn¬-:- r-cter-s@-da- t- aon-e.-in-)ss{S-_yq-We - n¬- c-≠p- sa-º¿-am-cm-Wp-≈X - v.- Pp-Uo-jy-epw- sSIv\ - n-°e - pw.- Pp-Uo-jy¬- sa-º¿- B-bn- C.- cm-P- cm-a≥- {]-h¿-Øn-®ph-cp-∂p.- sS-I\ -v n-°¬- sa-º¿- t]m-k‰-v -v H-gn-™p-In-S° - p-Ib - m-W.v H-cp- kn-hn¬- tIm-S-Xn-bp-sS- F-√m- A-[n-Im-c-ß-fpw- Cu- ss{S_yq-We - n-\p-≠.v - C-Xn-s‚- hn-[n-s°-Xn-cm-b- A-∏o-ep-Iƒ- ssl-t°mS-Xn-bn-em-W-v ^-b¬- sN-tø-≠X - .v - s]m-Xp-P\ - ß - ƒ-°-v tI-k-v c-Pn-k-v ‰¿- sN-øp-∂-Xp-am-bn- _-‘-s∏-´- hn-h-c-߃- A-dn-bp-∂-Xn-\v- ss{S_yq-We - n-s\- k-ao-]n-°m-hp-∂X - m-W.v sh-_v-ssk-‰v-:- www.claims.indianrail.gov.in

! s{S-bn≥- A-]-I-S-ß-fn-epw- s{S-bn-\p-am-bn- _‘-s∏-´- A-]-I-S-ß-fn-epw- Dƒ-s∏-´-h-bv-°pwA-h-cp-sS- A-\-¥-cm-h-Im-in-°pw- th-K-Øn¬\-jv-S-]-cn-lm-cw- \¬-Ip-I- F-∂- e-£y-tØmsS-bm-Wv- sd-bn¬-th- s¢-bnw-kv- ss{S-_yq-W¬(B¿-kn-Sn-)- cq-]o-Ir-X-am-b-Xv.-

! tc-J-Iƒ- F-√mw- Ir-Xy-am-bn-´p-≈-Xm-Wv- k-a¿-∏n°p-∂-sX-¶n¬- H-cp- Zn-h-k-Øn-\p-≈n¬- \n-bam-\p-kr-X-ap-≈- \-jv-S-]-cn-lm-c-Øp-I.-

! s{S-bn-\n¬- \n-∂p- ho-Wp- a-cn-°p-∂-h-cp-sS- B{in-X¿-°pw- ]-cn-t°¬-°p-∂-h¿-°pw- F-{Xbpw- th-Kw- \-jv-S-]-cn-lm-c-Øp-I- F-Øn-°m\p-≈- {i-a-Øn-s‚- `m-K-am-bn- sl¬-]v- sse≥sU-kv-Iv- {]-h¿-Ø-\-am-cw-`n-®p.-s{S-bn-\n¬- \n-∂p- ho-Wp- a-cn-°p-∂h - c - p-sS- B-{in-X¿-°pw- ]-cnt°¬-°p-∂h - ¿-°pw- F-{X-bpw- th-Kw- \-jS-v ] - c- n-lm-cØ - p-I- F-Øn°m-\p-≈- {i-a-Øn-s‚- `m-K-am-bn- sl¬-]v- sse≥- sU-kv-Iv- {]-h¿Ø-\a- m-cw-`n-®n-´p-≠v.- A-t]-£I - ¿-°v- t\-cn-´v- ss{S-_yp-We - n-s\- kao-]n-°mw.- C-S\ - n-e° - m-cp-sS- B-hi - y-an-√.- ss{S-_yq-We - n-s‚- {]-h¿Ø-\s - Ø-°p-dn-®v- ]-e¿-°pw- A-dn-hn-√m-ØX - n-\m¬- ]-cm-Xn-If - p-sSF-Æw- Ip-dh - m-W.v - ]-{X-ßf - n¬- Zn-ht- k-\- Im-Wp-∂- s{S-bn≥- A-]I - S-ßf - p-sS- tXm-Xp-h® - v- ss{S-_yp-We - n¬- ]-cm-Xn- F-Øp-∂n-√.- Z-cn-{Zcpw- \n-c£ - c - c - pw- th-≠{- X- A-dn-hn-√m-bav- - sIm-≠v- ss{S-_yp-We - n¬km-[m-cW - - F-Øm-dn-s√-∂m-W-v A-\p-`h - w.C-¥y-bn-se- 21 _-©p-I-sf- X-Ωn¬- _-‘n-∏n-°p-∂- I-ºyq-´¿kw-hn-[m-\w- \-S∏ - n-em-°n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-Ib - m-W.v - sk-‚¿- t^m¿- sd-

{i-t≤-b-ß-fm-b D-Ø-c-hp-I-ƒ- {]-F-h¿-Ø-\w- P-\-ß-fn-te-°vkm-

[m-cW - ° - m-cm-b- bm-{X-°m¿-°pw- Fa¿-P≥-kn- tIzm-´- ku-I-cyw- s{S-bn-\n¬- e-`n°m≥- ^-e{- ]-Za- m-b- \-S] - S- n- kzo-Ic- n-°W - w- F∂-Xv- A-S° - a- p-≈- {i-t≤-bß - f - m-b- ]-e- D-Øc - hp-I-fpw- F-d-Wm-Ip-fw- sd-bn¬-th- s¢-bnw-kvss{S-_yp-W¬- ]p-ds - ∏-Sp-hn-®n-´p-≠v.sh-bn-‰nw-Kv- en-Ãn¬- Sn-°‰- v- F-Sp-°p-∂h - ¿°p- Iq-Sn- dn-k¿-th-j≥- ku-I-cyw- e-`y-am-°m\m-W-v F-a¿-P≥-kn- tIzm-´- (C-Iyp-)- k-{º-Zm-bw{]m-h¿-Øn-Ia- m-°n-bn-´p-≈X - .v - Fw.-]n.,- Fw.-F¬.F.,- D-tZym-Kÿ - ¿- Xp-Sß - n-b- hn-sF-]n-Iƒ-°mWv- F-a¿-P≥-kn- tIzm-´b - n¬- km-[m-cW - - ap≥-KW-\- \-eI v- p-∂X - v.- Cu- k-{º-Zm-bw- kp-Xm-cy-am°n- km-[m-cW - ° - m-cm-b- bm-{X-°m¿-°p- Iq-Sn- dnk¿-th-j\ - n¬- A-hk - c- - k-aX - zw- D-d∏ - n-°p-∂X - n\m-bn- D-S® - p- hm¿-°W - s- a-∂m-bn-cp-∂p- ss{S-_yqW¬- C.-cm-Pm-cm-as - ‚- D-Øc- h - v.- B-im-tZ-hn- ka¿-∏n-®n-cp-∂- ]-cm-Xn-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p- D-Øc- h - v- ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-®X - .v -

s{S-bn-\n¬- k-©-cn-°-th- A-⁄m-X-s‚I-t√-dn¬- h-e-Xp- I-Æn-s‚- Im-gv-N- \-jv-S-s∏´- bp-h-Xn-°v- sd-bn¬-th- \m-ep- e-£w- cq-]\-jv-S-]-cn-lm-cw- \-ev-I-W-sa-∂- D-Ø-c-hm-Wva-s‰m-∂v.- \n-k- k-a¿-∏n-®- ]-cm-Xn-bn-em-bn-cp-∂pD-Øc- h - .v s{S-bn≥- bm-{X-°n-sS- B-{I-an-Iƒ- X-≈n-bn´v- Aw-K`- w-Kw- kw-`h - n-®- tIm-fP - -v A-[ym-]n-Ib - psS- \-jS-v ] - c- n-lm-c- A-t]-£s - b- F-Xn¿-Øp-≈sd-bn¬-th-bp-sS- hm-Zh - pw- ss{S-_yq-W¬- X-≈nbn-´p-≠v.- C-tX- tI-kn¬- I-\ym-k{v- Xo-Iƒ-°v- \jvS- ] - c- n-lm-ca- m-bn- ]-Ww- B-hi - y-s∏-Sm-\m-In-s√∂- hm-Z-hpw- sd-bn¬-th- D-b¿-Øn-bn-cp-∂p.- I\ym-k{-v Xo-Iƒ-°-v A-{in-Xc- n-s√-∂m-W-v sd-bn¬th- Nq-≠n-°m-´n-bX - v.- F-∂m¬- s{S-bn≥- bm-{X°m-sc- a-XØ - n-t‚-tbm- sXm-gn-en-t‚-tbm- a-X] - c-am-b- ]-Zh - n-If - p-tS-tbm- t]-cn¬- sd-bn¬-th- BIvS- v- hn-th-Nn-°p-∂n-s√-∂v- hy-‡a- m-°n- B- hmZ-hpw- ss{S-_yq-W¬- X-≈n-bn-cp-∂p.-

d-Wm-Ip-f-sØ- sdbn¬-th- s¢-bnw-kv- ss{S-_yqW- (B¿-kn-Sn-)-˛-en-s‚- ]sØm≥-]-Xmw- hm¿-jn-Iw- \hw-_¿- F-´n-\m-bn-cp-∂p.- CuA-h-k-c-Øn¬- ss{S-_yq-Wen-s‚- {]-h¿-Ø\ - w- Iq-Sp-X¬sa-®s - ∏-Sp-Øn- P-\ß - f - n-te-°-v F-Øn-°m-\m-W-v {i-as- a-∂-v Fd-Wm-Ip-fw- G-cn-bm- am-t\-P¿B-bn-cp-∂- A-Uo-jW - ¬- c-Pnkv{- Sm¿- am-Xyp- tPm¿-P.v - _-‘s∏-´-h¿-°v- t\-cn-´v- F-Ønss{S-_yq-We - n¬- ]-cm-Xn- k-a¿∏n-°mw.- ss{S-_yq-We - n-\v- kzta-[b - m- tI-kv- F-Sp-°m≥- A[n-Im-can-√.\-jS-v ] - c- n-lm-cw- A¿-lX - s∏-´h - ¿-°-v A-Xp- \-eI -v m≥- sd-

bn¬-th- X-S-k-ap-≠m-°m-dn-s√ ∂ - -v ko-\n-b¿- sIm-ta-gk -v n-b¬- amt\-Pc - pw- ss{S-_yp-We - n¬- {]-k‚nw-Kv- Hm-^o-kd- p-am-b- tUm.-F.{io-[¿.I-£n-°-v \-jS-v ] - c- n-lm-cØ - pI- sN-°v- B-bn-´m-Wv- \-ev-In-bncp-∂X - v.- F-∂m¬- A-Xv- Nn-e- Bt£-]ß - ƒ-°-v h-gn-h® - t- ∏mƒ- Ct∏mƒ- aq-t∂m- A-t©m- h¿-jtØ-°v- Xp-I- \n-t£-]n-®n-´v- AXn-s‚- c-ko-X-v \-eI -v p-Ib - m-W-v sNøp-∂X - .v - kp-{]ow- tIm-SX - n- \n¿-tZiw- A-\p-kc- n-®m-Wn-X.v 1987˛-se- sd-bn¬-th- s¢-bnwkv- B-Iv-Sv- A-\p-k-cn-®v- 1989 \hw-_¿- F-´n-\m-W-v ss{S-_yp-W¬\n-eh - n¬- h-∂X - .v - C-¥y-bn-se- hn-

hn-[- kw-ÿm-\ß - s- f- {]-Xn-\n[o-Ic- n-®-v 21 _-©p-If - m-W-v \ne-hn-ep-≈X - .v - tI-cf - Ø - n-te-bpwe-£Z- zo-]n-te-bpw- tI-kp-If - mWv- F-dW - m-Ip-fØ - -v ssI-Im-cywsN-øp-∂X - v.- e-£Z- zo-]n¬- sdbn¬-th- sse≥- C-s√-¶n-epwA-hn-sS- \n-∂p-≈- s{S-bn≥- bm{X-°m¿-°-v ss{S-_yq-We - n-s‚tk-h-\w- {]-tbm-P-\-s∏-SpØmw.s{S-bn≥- A-]I - S- ß - f - n-epws{S-bn-\p-am-bn- _-‘s - ∏-´- A]-IS- ß - f - n-epw- Dƒ-s∏-´h - ¿-°pwA-h-cp-sS- A-\-¥-cm-h-Im-inIƒ-°pw- th-KØ - n¬- \-jSv- ] - cn-lm-cw- \-eI -v p-I- F-∂- e-£ytØm-sS-bm-W-v ss{S-_yp-W¬cq-]h - X - I -v c- n-®n-´p-≈X - .v -


km-º-Øn-Iw-

4

2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14

sF F≥ Pn sshiy˛ _m¶v _km¿ tUmSvtImw klIcWw sF

- F≥- Pn- ssh-iy_m-¶n-s≥-d- `-h-\-˛-hy-‡n-K-Xhm-bv] - I - ƒ-°v- C-\n- _m-¶v- _km¿- tUm-St-v Im-an¬- A-t]-£n°mw._m-¶-v _-km¿- tUm-St-v Imwsh-_s v- sk-¡v- k-µ¿-in-°p-∂h¿-°v- sF- F≥- Pn- ssh-iy_m-¶n-s≥-db - pw- C-Xc- - _m-¶p-Ifp-sS-bpw- `-h\ - ˛- h - y-‡n-KX - - hmbv] - I - f - p-sS- ]-en-i- \n-c° - v- Xm-

c-Xa- yw- sN-øm-\p-≈- A-hk - c - a- p≠m-Ipw.- A-Xn-\p- ti-jw- X-߃°v- C-„a- p-≈- _m-¶n-s≥-d- hm-bv]-bv-°v- sh-_v-ssk-¡p- h-gn- At]-£n-°mw.- hm-bv-]-bv-°m-bn_m-¶v- im-J-I-fn¬- sN-∂v- a-Wn°q-dp-Iƒ- sN-eh - n-tS-≠n- h-cp-∂ÿm-\Ø - -v sh-dpw- 12 an-\n-¡p- sIm≠v- _m-¶v- _-km¿- tUm-Sv-tImwh-gn- hm-bv-]-bv-°v- A-t]-£n°m≥- km-[n-°pw.-

`m-hn-bn¬- hy-‡n-KX - ˛- `- h - \- hm-b] -v ° - p- ]p-ds- a- sF- F≥Pn- ssh-iy- _m-¶n-s≥-d- a-¡p- D¬∏-∂ß - f - pw- _m-¶-v _-km¿- tUmSvt- Im-an¬- e-`y-am-Ip-∂X - m-W.v cm-Py-Øv- 75 h¿-js - Ø- Ncn-{X-ap-≈- sF- F≥- Pn- sshiy- _m-¶n-\v- 18 e-£w- C-S-]mSp-Im-cp-≠.v - 5852 B-W-v Po-h\ - °m-cp-sS- F-Æw.- 699 im-J-Ifp-≠.v -

{Sm-h¬- dn-hm¿-Up-am-bn- kn-‰n- _m-¶v{Sm-h¬-Kp-cp- k-Jywkn-

‰n- _m-¶pw- {]-ik - -v X- {Sm-h¬- t]m¿-´¬- {Sm-h¬Kp-cp-hp-am-bn- tN¿-∂-v kn-‰n-_m¶v- {Sm-h¬-dn-hm¿-Uv-kv- A-hX-cn-∏n-°p-∂p.- kn-‰n- _m-¶vIm¿-Up-Sa- I - ƒ-°m-bn- G¿-s∏Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≈- Cu- dn-hm¿-UvkvI - ow- {]-tbm-P\ - s - ∏-Sp-Øp∂-Xn-\m-bn- www.-tr-ae -v l - r-ew-ard-s.-co.-in- F-∂- t]m¿-´-en¬d-Pn-ÿ- sN-øW - w.-

{Sm-h¬- dn-hm¿-Uv-kv- t]m¿-´en¬- d-Pn-ÿ- sN-øp-∂h - ¿-°-v 5000 cq-]b - p-sS- Un-kI -v u-≠-v hu-®¿- kΩm-\-am-bn- e-`n-°pw.- Iq-Sm-sXtlm-´t- em- tlm-fn-tU- ]m-t°-tPm_p- °p- sN-øp-tºmƒ- B-I¿-jI - am-b- dn-hm¿-Uv- t]m-bn-‚p-If - pw- e`n-°p-∂p.Cu- dn-hm¿-U-v t]m-bn-‚p-If - pwkn-‰n- _m-¶-v Im¿-Up-If - n¬- e-`n-°p∂- dn-hm¿-Uv- t]m-bn-‚p-I-fpw- {Sm-

h¬- dn-hm¿-Uv- ssk-‰n¬tlm-fn-tU- _p-°v- sN-øptºmƒ- {]-tbm-P\ - s- ∏-Sp-Øm\pw- kw-hn-[m-\a- p-≠.v Iq-Sm-sX- bm-{X-sb- kw_-‘n-°p-∂- hn-i-Z-hn-h-c߃-°pw- hn-Z-Kv-t[m-]-tZ-iØn-\p-am-bn- H-cp- {Sm-h¬- I¨-kƒ-´‚ - n-s‚- tk-h\ - w- e`y-am-hp-∂- sl¬-]-v sse-\pwk-÷a- m-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p.-

apØq‰v ]m∏®≥ {Kq∏pambp≈ Iq´psI´neqsS At∏mtfm UnsIhn C≥jzd≥kv tIcfØn¬ A-cp¨- tPm-kv-

A

t- ∏m-tfm- Un-sI-hn- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- I-º\ - nen-an-‰-Uv,- ap-Øq-‰v- ]m-∏-®≥- {Kq-∏p-am-bn- tN¿-∂vtI-cf - Ø - n¬- {]-h¿-Ø\ - w- B-cw-`n-®p.- C-¥y-bn-seF-√m- ]u-c∑ - m¿-°pw- ku-Ic- y-{]-Zh - pw- \q-X\ - h - p-amb- sl¬-Øv- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- ku-Ic - y-߃- e-`y-am°p-I- F-∂- e-£y-tØm-sS- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂- I-º\n-bm-Wv- A-t∏m-tfm- Un-sI-hn- C≥-jz-d≥-kv.- CtXm-sS- ap-Øq-‰v- ]m-∏® - ≥- {Kq-∏n-s‚- hn-]p-ea- m-birw-Je - I - f - n¬-\n-∂v- sl¬-Øv- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- D-Xv]-∂ß - ƒ- D-]t- bm-‡m-°ƒ-°v- kz-¥a- m-°p-∂X - n\v- km-[n-°pw.do-s´-b¬ v - _m-¶nw-K,v - ^n-\m≥-jy¬- k¿-ho-k,v tlm-kv] - n-‰m-en-‰n,- C≥-{^m-kv{- S-IvN - ¿- U-he - ] - vs - a‚ v,- hn≥-Uv- ]-h¿,- Hm-t´m-sam-ss_¬- cw-Kß - f - n-eqsS- cm-Py-sa-ßpw- km-∂n-[y-ap-≈- tI-cf - Ø - n-se- {]ap-J- ÿm-]\ - a- m-b- ap-Øq-‰v- ]m-∏® - ≥- {Kq-∏p-am-bntIm¿-∏t- d-‰-v G-P≥-kn- Iq-´p-sI-´n-\m-W-v A-t∏m-tfmUn- sI-hn- Xp-S-°-an-´n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.- A-t∏m-tfm- UnsI-hn-bp-sS- kz-¥w- hn-Xc- W - - Nm-\e - p-Iƒ-°p- ]p-dta- ap-Øq-‰v- ]m-∏® - ≥- {Kq-∏n-s‚- hn-Xc- W - c- w-Ks - Øan-Ih - pw- D-]t- bm-Ks- ∏-Sp-Øn- tI-cf - Ø - n-ep-S\ - o-fw- kaq- l-Øn-se- F-√m- hn-`m-Kw- B-fp-Iƒ-°n-Sb - n-epwB-tcm-Ky- C≥-jz-d≥-k-v F-Øn-°p-Ib - m-W-v Cu- _nkn-\k - v- Iq-´p-sI-´n-s‚- e-£yw.C-Xn-\m-bn- ap-Øq-‰v- ]m-∏® - ≥- {Kq-∏n-s‚- k-lI-cW - t- Øm-sS- hn-hn-[- \-Kc- ß - f - n-epw- ]-´W - ß - f - nepw- {Km-aß - f - n-ep-ap-≈- A-Sn-ÿm-\- ku-Ic - yw- D]-tbm-Ks - ∏-Sp-Øn- A-t∏m-tfm- Un-sI-hn- do-s´-bv¬-

C≥-jz-d≥-kv- G-P‚ - p-am-sc- dn-{Iq-´v- sN-øm-\pw- ]-cnio-e\ - w- \-eI -v m-\pw- Xp-Sß - n-°g- n-™p.C-¥y-bn-se- ]p-Xn-b- `q-{]-tZ-iß - f - n¬- \-ho-\am-b- D-Xv] - ∂ - ß - ƒ- A-hX - c - n-∏n-®v- B-tcm-Ky- C≥jz-d≥-k-v cw-Kw- hn-Ik - n-∏n-°p-∂X - n-\p-≈- i-‡a- mb- {i-a-ß-fm-Wv- A-t∏m-tfm- Un-sI-hn- \-S-Øp-∂sX-∂v- A-t∏m-tfm- Un-sI-hn- kn-Fw-H- N-{µ-ti-J¿]-d™ p.- ap-Øq-‰-v ]m-∏® - ≥- {Kq-∏p-am-bp-≈- ]-¶m-fnØ-Øn-eq-sS- B-tcm-Ky- C≥-jz-d≥-k-v D-X] -v ∂ - ß - ƒk-aq-lØ - n-se- F-√m- hn-`m-Kw- P-\ß - f - n-epw- F-Øn°p-∂X - n¬- ap-t∂-dm≥- I-gn-bpw.- cm-Py-sØ- a-‰p- {]tZ-iß - f - n-epw- C-Xp-t]m-se-bp-≈- Iq-´p-sI-´v- B-cw`n-°m-\pw- C-¥y-bn-se- B-tcm-Ky- C≥-jz-d≥-k-v cwK-Ø-v H-∂m-as - X-Øp-I- F-∂- e-£yw- t\-Sm-\pw- ]cn-{i-an-°p-sa-∂-v N-{µ-ti-J¿- ]-d™ p.C-°m-eØ - v- Po-hn-Xs - si-en-bn-se- {]-tXy-IX - aq-ea- p-≈- tcm-Kß - f - m-b- {]-ta-lw,- lr-Zb - k - w-_‘ - am-b- tcm-Kß - ƒ,- A-ÿn-tX-bva- m-\w- F-∂n-h- h¿[n-®p- h-cn-Ib - m-W.v - A-tXm-sSm-∏w-Xs - ∂- Nn-In-’ms®-eh - v- Ip-Xn-°p-Ib - pw- sN-øp-∂p.- A-Xp-sIm-≠pX-s∂- B-tcm-Ky- C≥-jz-d≥-kn-s‚- ]-cn-c£ - - Iq-Sntb- Xo-cq.- C-t∏mƒ- C-¥y-bn-se- P-\k - w-Jy-bn¬\m-ep- i-Xa- m-\w- t]¿-°p- am-{X-am-W-v B-tcm-Ky- C≥jz-d- ≥-kn-s‚- ]-cn-c£ - - e-`n-°p-∂X - .v - C-X-v Xp-temwIp-dh - m-W.v - C-¥y-bn¬- B-tcm-Ky- C≥-jz-d≥-k-v cwKw- 35 i-Xa- m-\w- h-f¿-®b - m-W-v I-gn-™- A-©p- h¿j-Øn-\p-≈n¬- tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xv.- C-¥y≥- kmº-Øn- I-cw-K-Øn-s‚- h-f¿-®-Iq-Sn- ]-cn-K-Wn-°ptºmƒ- an-I® - - km-[y-XI - f - m-W-v Cu- cw-KØ - p-≈X - .v A-t∏m-tfm-bpw- Un-sI-hn-bpw- Cu- h-f¿-®m-km-

F-bv-K-¨- sd-en-Kdn-\v- c-≠vtSw- C≥-jp-d≥-kv- - Iq-Sn F

b - K -v ¨ - - sd-en-K¿- c-≠-v tSw- C≥-jp-d≥-k-v ]-≤X - n-Iƒ- IqSn- Xp-Sß - n.- F-bK -v ¨ - - sd-en-K¿- C≥-{Io-knw-K-v tSw- πm≥,- F-bK -v ¨- sd-en-K¿- Un-{Io-knw-Kv- tSw- πm≥- F-∂n-ß-s\- \m-a-I-c-WwsN-øs - ∏-´n-cn-°p-∂- Cu- kvI - o-ap-Iƒ- Po-hn-X- ssi-en-bn-epw- h-cpam-\Ø - n-epw- h-∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂- am-‰ß - ƒ-°\ - p-kr-Xa- m-bn- cq]-I¬-∏-\- sN-ø-s∏-´-h-bm-sW-∂v- F-bv-K-¨- sd-en-K¿- C≥-jpd≥-kv- No-^v- F-Ik v- n-Iyq-´o-hv- Hm-^o-k¿- cm-Po-hv- sPw-tJ-ZI v- ¿- ]d-™p.- t\-cs - Ø- se-h¬- tSw- πm≥- F-bK -v ¨ - - sd-en-K¿- A-hX - cn-∏n-°p-Ib - p-≠m-bn.C≥-{Io-knw-Kv- tSw- πm-\n¬- Hm-tcm- h¿-jw- I-gn-bp-t¥m-dpwC≥-jp¿- sN-bvX - - Xp-Ib - n¬- A-©p- i-Xa- m-\w- I-≠v- h¿-[\ - h - p≠m-hpw.- Hm-tcm- h¿-jw- I-gn-bp-t¥m-dpw- h-cp-am-\Ø - n¬- h¿-[\ - {]-Xo-jn-°p-∂h - s- c- D-t±-in-®m-W-v Cu- kvI - ow- X-øm-dm-°n-bn-cn-°p∂-Xv.- _m-¶p-If - n¬- \n-t∂m- a-t‰m- hm-bv] - - F-Sp-Øh - c - p-sS- _m[y-X- h¿-jß - ƒ- ]n-∂n-Sp-tºmƒ- Ip-d™ - p- h-cpw- A-Øc- ° - m¿-°mbn- {]-tXy-Iw- cq-]-I¬-∏-\- sN-bv-X- t]m-fn-kn-bm-Wv- F-bv-K-¨sd-en-K¿- Un-{Io-knw-K-v πm≥.- Hm-tcm- h¿-jw- I-gn-bp-t¥m-dpw- C≥jp¿- sN-bX -v - Xp-Ib - n¬- A-©p- i-Xa- m-\w- I-≠-v Ip-dh - -v h-cpw.- At∏mƒ- {]o-an-bØ - n-epw- Ip-dh - -v A-\p-`h - s - ∏-Sp-∂X - m-W.v -

[y-XI - f - n-epw- C-¥y-bn-se- B-tcm-Ky- C≥-jz-d≥-k-v hn- ]-Wn-bn-epw- A-Xn-t\m-Sv- A-\p-_-‘-am-b- _nkn-\k - -v km-[y-XI - f - n-epw- hn-iz-kn-°p-∂p.- \n-eh - n¬C-¥y-bn-se- B-tcm-Ky- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- hn-]-Wn- e£y-an-Sp-∂- 300 Z-i-e-£w- B-fp-I-fn¬- sh-dpw- 50 Z-ie - £ - w- B-fp-Iƒ- am-{X-am-W-v C≥-jz¿- sN-øs- ∏´n-´p-ff - X - v,- _m-°n-hc- p-∂- 250 Z-ie - £ - w- B-fp-IƒB-tcm-Ky- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- I-º\ - n-If - p-sS- km-[y-XI-fm-bn- Xp-Sc- p-∂p.G-jy-bn-se- {]-ap-J- sl¬-Øs v- I-b¿- {Kq-∏pwC-¥y-bn-se- G-‰h - pw- hn-iz-k\ - o-ba- m-b- {_m≥-Upam-b- A-t∏m-tfm- Un-sI-hn-bp-am-bn- k-l-I-cn-°p∂-Xn¬- k-t¥m-ja- p-s≠-∂-v ap-Øq-‰-v ]m-∏® - ≥- {Kq∏n-s‚- U-bd- I - S-v ¿- tXm-ak - -v ap-Øq-‰-v ]-d™ p.- I-º\n-bp-sS- \n-eh - n-ep-≈- irw-Je - b - pw- A-t∏m-tfm- UnsI- hn-bp-sS- ]n-¥p-Wb - pw- D-]t- bm-Ks- ∏-Sp-Øn- C≥jz-d≥-k-v πm-\p-Iƒ- tI-cf - Ø - n-se-ßpw- hn-Pb - I - c- am-bn- hn-Xc- W - w- sN-øm-sa-∂-v B-flh - n-izm-ka- p-s≠∂v- A-t±-lw- ]-d™ p.G-jy-bn-se- X-s∂- G-‰-hpw- h-en-b- kw-tbmPn-X- sl¬-Øv- sI-b¿- {Kq-∏v- B-b- A-t∏m-tfmtlm- kv-]n-‰¬-kv- {Kq-∏pw- bp-tdm-∏n-se- {]-ap-Jsl¬-Øv- C≥-jz-dd- m-b- Un-sI-hn- F-Pn-bpw- tN¿∂p-≈- kw-bp-‡- kw-cw-`a- m-W-v A-t∏m-tfm- Un-sIhn.- A-t∏m-tfm- tlm-kv-]n-‰¬- {Kq-∏n-s‚-bpw- UnsI-hn- F-Pn-bp-sS-bpw- B-tcm-Ky-kw-c-£-W-cw-KtØ-bpw- B-tcm-Ky- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- cw-K-tØ-bpws]m-Xp- e-£y-߃- t\-Sn-sb-Sp-°p-∂X - n-\p- th-≠nbp-≈- Iq-´m-ba-v b - m-Wn-X.v - {]n-h≥-j≥- B≥-U-v sh¬s\-k-v F-∂- B-ib - h - pw- I-gn-hn-\\ - p-kc- n-®p-≈X - pw-

\q-X-\-hp-am-b- B-tcm-Ky- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- ku-I-cy߃- e-`y-am-°p-I- F-∂- Zu-Xy-hpw- kw-tbm-Pn-∏n°p-Ib - m-Wv- A-t∏m-tfm- Un-sI-hn.k-t¥m-jI - c- a- m-b- Po-hn-XØ - n-\m-bn- Hm-tcm-cpØ¿-°pw- tbm-Pn-°p-∂- co-Xn-bn¬- {i-≤m-]q¿-hwcq- ]-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂h - b - m-W-v A-t∏m-tfm- Un-sI-hn-bpsS- D-X] -v ∂ - ß - ƒ.- Cu-kn- sl¬-Ø,v - t]-gk -v W - ¬B-Ik -v n-U‚ - ,v - Cu-kn- {Sm-h¬- ˛- Hm-h¿-ko-k-v B≥Uv- sUm-aà - n-I-v F-∂n-h- hy-‡n-If - p-sS-bpw- Ip- Spw_-ßf - p-sS-bpw- {Kq-∏p-If - p-sS-bpw- B-hi - y-߃- ap∂n¬-I≠ - -v cq-]s - ∏-Sp-Øn-bX - m-W.v B-tcm-Ky-Ic- a- m-bn-cn-°p-I- F-∂- Z¿-i\ - Ø - n¬C-gt- N¿-Ø- D-X] -v ∂ - ß - f - pw- tk-h\ - ß - f - p-am-W-v UnsI-hn- A-hX - c- n-∏n-°p-∂X - .v ap-Øq-‰-v ]m-∏® - ≥- {Kq-∏n-s‚- ap-Øq-‰-v ^n≥-tIm¿]v- en-an-‰U - ,v- dn-k¿-hv- _m-¶v- Hm-^v- C-¥y-bp-sS- F≥-F^ - _ -v n-kn- sse-k≥-tkm-Sp-Iq-Sn- {]-h¿-Øn-°p∂p.- C-¥y-bn-se-ßp-am-bn- 565 im-JI - f - pw- 2000 tImSn- cq-]b - p-sS- hn-‰p-hc - h - pw- 3000 Po-h\ - ° - m-cp-ap-≠v.sIm-®n- ap-Øq-‰v- S-th-gv-kn-em-Wv- c-Pn-kv-t{S-Uv- Hm^o-k.v - tI-cf - Ø - n-et- ßm-fa- n-tßm-fa- m-bn- H≥-]X - pdo-P-Wp-I-fp-≠v.- hn-]p-e-am-b- irw-J-e-I-fn-eq-sSF-√m- ap-°n-epw- aq-eb - n-epw,- {]-tXy-In-®-v {Km-at- a-Je-If - n-epw- sk-an- A¿-_≥- ta-Je - I - f - n-epw- tk-h\-sa-Øn-°p-∂p.1939˛¬- B-cw-`n-®m-Wv- Cu- {Kq-∏v.- do-s´-bv¬_m-¶nw-Kv- B≥-Uv- ^n-\m≥-jy¬- k¿-ho-kk - v,- dnb¬- F-tÃ-‰v,- tlm-k] v- n-‰m-en-‰n- C≥-Uk - {v- Sn,- C≥{^m-k{-v S-IN -v ¿- U-he - ] - s-v a-‚ ,v - hn≥-U-v ]-h¿,- Hm-t´msam-ss_¬- F-∂o- cw-Kß - f - n¬- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂p.-

sF-F≥-Pn- ssh-iym- _m-¶n-s‚A-‰m-Zm-b-Øn¬- 23%- h-f¿-®sF

F - ≥-Pn- ssh-iy- _m¶n-s‚- A-‰m-Zm-bØ - n¬- Cu- kmº-Øn-I- h¿-js - Ø- B-Zy- B-dpam-kw- 23 i-Xa- m-\w- h¿-[\ - h - p-≠mbn.- I-gn-™- h¿-js- Ø- 71.-3 tImSn- cq-]b - p-sS- ÿm-\Ø - v- C-Øh - W-sØ- A-‰m-Zm-bw- 87.-6 tIm-Sncq-]b - m-W.v - {]-h¿-Ø\ - - em-`w- 67 i-X-am-\w- h¿-≤n-®v- 196.-3 tIm-Sncq-]b - m-bn.- ap≥-h¿-jw- C-Xv- 117.8 tIm-Sn- cq-]b - m-bn-cp-∂p.- ]-en-ibn¬- \n-∂p-≈- h-cp-am-\w- 314.-5 tIm-Sn- cq-]b - m-bn- h¿-[n-®p.- 48 iX-am-\w- h¿-[-\.- a-‰n-\-ß-fn-ep≠m-b- h-cp-am-\w- 37 i-Xa- m-\w- h¿≤n-®v- 251.-5 tIm-Sn- cq-]b - m-bn.-

sk-]‰v- w-_¿- 30˛-\v- A-hk - m\n-®-v c-≠mw- ]m-ZØ - n¬- {]-h¿-Ø\- em-`w- 47 i-X-am-\w- h¿-≤n-®v91.-60 tIm-Sn- cq-]b - m-sb-¶n-epw- A‰m-Zm-bØ - n-ep-≠m-b- h¿-[\ - - 2 iX-am-\w- am-{X-am-Wv.- (47 tIm-Sncq-]-)- \n-jv-{In-bm-kv-Xn- C-\Øn¬- 21.-6 tIm-Sn- cq-]- h-Ib - n-cptØ-≠n- h-∂X - n-\m-em-Wv- A-‰mZm-b-Øn¬- {]-Xo-£n-®- h¿-≤\- A-\p-`-h-s∏-Sm-Xn-cp-∂-sX-∂vam-t\-Pnw-K-v U-bd- I - S-v ¿- thm-¨- dntjm¿- ]-d-™p.- c-≠mw- ]m-ZØn¬- ]-en-i-bn-\-Øn-ep-≈- hcp-am-\Ø - n¬- 44 i-Xa- m-\h - pw- (156.6 tIm-Sn- cq-]-)- C-X-c- h-cp-am-\-

Øn¬- 26 i-Xa- m-\h - pw- (123.-6 tImSn- cq-]-)- h¿-[-\-hp-≠m-bn.- samØw- \n-t£-]w- 2007 sk-]‰-v w-_¿30 \v- 17025 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bm-bncp-∂X - -v Cu- h¿-jw- sk-]‰-v w-_¿30 \v- 20897 tIm-Sn- cq-]b - m-bn- h¿≤n-®p- ˛- 22.-7 i-X-am-\w- h¿-[-\.I-d‚ - v,- tk-hnw-Kvk - v- A-°u-≠pI-fn-se- \n-t£-]w- 22.-9 i-X-am\w- h¿-[n-®v- 6080 tIm-Sn- cq-]b - mbn.- hm-bv-]- 15856 tIm-Sn- cq-]bm-W.v - 26.-3 i-Xa- m-\Ø - n-s‚- h-f¿®.- _m-¶n-s‚- B-kX v- n- 28.-3 i-Xam-\w- h¿-[n-®v- 26828 tIm-Sn- cq-]bm-bn._m-¶n-s‚- {]-h¿-Ø\ - w- tZ-io-

b-Xe - Ø - n¬- i-‡n-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xn-s‚- `m-K-am-bn- D-Ø-tc-¥y-bnepw- ]-›n-ta-¥y-bn-epw- Iq-Sp-X¬im-J-Iƒ- Cu- h¿-jw- Xp-d-∂p.sam-Øw- 18 ]p-Xn-b- im-JI - ƒ- Bcw-`n-®X - n¬- ]-Xn-\© - pw- Cu- taJ-eI - f - n-em-W.v - sk-]‰-v w-_¿- 30˛se- I-W° - \ - p-kc- n-®-v _m-¶n-\-v FIv-Ã≥-j≥- Iu-≠-dp-I-f-S-°wsam-Øw- 454 im-JI - f - pw,- 244 FSn-FΩ - p-If - p-ap-≠.v - _m-¶n-s‚- samØ- \n-j{-v In-bm-kX -v n- 2.-06 i-Xa- m\-am-bn-cp-∂X - -v 1.-44 i-Xa- m-\a- m-bnIp-d-bv-°m≥- km-[n-®p.- A-‰- \njv-{In-bm-kv-Xn- 0.-78 i-X-am-\Øn¬- X-s∂- \n¬-°p-∂p.-

amI v k v hnP b v t]mf nk nssat {Im^n\ m≥k v ÿm] \ ß ƒhg n]m

h - s- ∏-´h - ¿-°m-bp-≈- am-Ik -v -v hnP-bv- t]m-fn-kn- hn-]-W-\w- sN-øp-∂-Xpkw-_‘ - n-®-v B-Ik -v k - -v sU-he - ] - s-v a-‚ -v k¿-ho-kp-am-bn- am-Iv-kv- \yp-tbm¿-°vsse-^-v C≥-jp-d≥-k-v I-º\ - n- [m-cW - b - nse-Øn.- C-X\ - p-kc - n-®v- B-Ik v- k - v- sUh-e] - s -v a-‚ -v k¿-ho-kp-am-bn- k-lI - c- n-®-v {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂- 110 ssa-t{Im- ^n-\m≥kv- ÿm-]-\-߃- am-Iv-kv- hn-P-bv- t]mfn-kn-bp-sS- tIm¿-∏t- d-‰v- G-P‚ - p-am-cm-bn{]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂X - m-Wv.- B-Zy-h¿-jw- 1.4 e-£w- t]m-fn-kn-Iƒ- B-Ik -v k - p-am-bn_-‘-s∏-´- ssa-t{Im- ^n-\m≥-kv- I-º\n-Iƒ- hn-X-c-Ww- sN-øp-sa-∂v- am-Iv-kv-

\yq-tbm¿-°v- sse-^v- ko-\n-b¿- U-b-dIvS- ¿- A-\n¬- ta-Ø- ]-d™ - p.- aq-∂p- h¿jw- ]n-∂n-Sp-tºmƒ- Cu- ssa-t{Im- ^n\m≥-kv- I-º-\n-Iƒ- hn-]-W-\w- sN-øp∂- t]m-fn-kn-If - p-sS- F-Æw- ap-∂p- e-£am-bn- D-bc - pw.- C-Xp- Iq-Sm-sX- th-sd- F´v- ssa-t{Im- ^n-\m≥-k-v I-º\ - n-It- f-bpwtIm¿-∏t- d-‰-v G-P‚ - p-am-cm-bn- am-Ik -v -v \yqtbm¿-°v- sse-^v- \n-ba- n-®n-´p-≠v.C≥-jp-d≥-kv- t]m-fn-kn-bp-sS- cq-]I¬-∏-\,- hn-]-W-\w,- hn¬-∏-\m-\-¥-ctk-h\ - w- F-∂o- ta-Je - I - f - n-se-√mw- hnπ-hm-fl-I-am-b- am-‰-߃-°v- Xn-cn- sImfp-Øp-∂- am-Ik -v -v hn-Pb - ,v- k-aq-lØ - n-se-

Zp¿-_-e- hn-`m-K-ß-fp-sS- ap≥-Iq-´n- Nn-´s∏-Sp-Øm-Ø- Po-hn-X- ]-Ÿm-hp-Iƒ- hcp-am-\Ø - n-se- ÿn-cX - b - n-√m-bav- - F-∂nh-bp-am-bn- s]m-cp-Øs - ∏-Sp-∂- co-Xn-bn¬cq-]I - ¬-∏\ - - sN-øs- ∏-´- C≥-jp-d≥-k-v ]≤-Xn-bm-W-v am-Ik -v -v hn-Pb - -v t]m-fn-kn-bpsS- A-t]-£m- t^m-dw- h-fs - c- e-fn-Xa- mWv.- H-‰- t]-Pv- A-t]-£m- t^m-dw- am{Xw- ]q-cn-∏n-®v- \¬-In-bm¬- a-Xn.- Xn-cn®-dn-b¬- Im¿-Un-s‚- H-cp- tIm-∏n-bpw- e`y-am-°W - w.- 10 h¿-js - Ø- Im-em-h[ - nbp-≈- t]m-fn-kn-°v- Xp-S-°-Øn¬- A-St°-≠-Xv- 1000 cq-]-bm-Wv.- I-øn¬- ]Ww- h-cp-tºmƒ- am-{Xw- Xp-S¿-∂p-≈- {]o-

an-bw- A-S® - m¬- a-Xn.- ssh-In- {]o-an-bwA-S® - m-epw- t]m-fn-kn- em-]k v- m-In-√.- cmPy-Øn-s‚- ap-°n-epw- aq-eb - n-epw- e-`y-amIp-∂- hn-[-Øn-ep-≈- hn-]-W-\- kw-hn[m-\a- m-W-v am-Ik -v -v hn-Pb - -v t]m-fn-kn-°pth-≠n- H-cp-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂X - v.- ssa-t{Im^n-\m≥-k-v ÿm-]\ - ß - s - f- am-{X-a√ - - Poh-Im-cp-Wy- kw-LS- \ - I - t- f-bpw- C-Xn-\mbn- \n-tbm-Kn-®n-cn-°p-∂p.- Xp-S¿- {]o-anbw- sXm-´S- p-Øp-≈- s]-´n-°S- I - f - n¬- t]mepw- A-Sb - v° - m≥- km-[n-°p-∂- X-cØ - nep-≈- kw-hn-[m-\a- m-W-v H-cp-°p-∂X - .v - Pn.]n.-B¿.-F-kv- Xp-S-ßn.- B-[p-\n-I- kmt¶-Xn-I- hn-Zy-Iƒ- D-]t- bm-Ks- ∏-Sp-Øp-I-

h-gn- {]o-an-bw- A-S® - - D-Ss - \- A-Xn-s‚- cko-Xpw- Hm-¨s- se-\m-bn- e-`n-°pw.- ]-Ø-v h¿-jØ - n-\p-≈n¬- Nn-eh - -v I-gn-™-v I-øn¬h-cp-∂- Nn-√n-°m-ip-Iƒ- kz-cp-°q-´n- C≥-jpd≥-kn¬- \n-t£-]n-°m≥- km-[n-°p-∂X - n\m¬- am-Ik -v -v hn-Pb - -v H-cp- k-ºm-Zy- ]-≤X - nbp-sS- {]-tbm-P\ - w- Iq-Sn- H-cp-°p-∂p.k-ºm-Zy-tØm-sSm-∏w- ]m-hs - ∏-´- IpSpw-_ß - ƒ-°-v C≥-jp-d≥-k-v kw-c£ - W - hpw- D-d∏ - -v \¬-Ip-∂- am-Ik -v -v hn-Pb - ,v- C≥jp-d≥-k-v hy-hk - m-bØ - n¬- h≥-am-‰Ø - n\v- \m-µn- Ip-dn-°p-sa-∂-v B-Ik -v k - -v sUh-e] - s-v a-‚ -v k¿-ho-k-v No-^-v F-Ik -v n-Iyq´o-hv- Hm-^o-k¿- hn-]n≥- i¿-Ω- ]-d™ p.-


A-`-n-{]m-bw-

2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14

5

t\m- ]m¿-°nw-Kvt]m-

eo-kv- tÃ-j-\n-te-°v- Hcp- sS-en-t^m-¨- tImƒ.- hn-fn-°p-∂bmƒ- t]-cpw- ta¬-hn-em-kh - pw- hy-‡am-°n-b- ti-jw- ]-d™ p.- \-Kc- Ø - n¬Xn-c° - p-≈- ÿ-eØ - -v ÿm-]n-®n-cn-°p∂- '-t\m- ]m¿-°nw-Kv-'- t_m¿-Un-\psXm-´p- tN¿-∂-v H-cp- hm-l\ - w- ]m¿-°psN-øp-∂p.- A-sXm-∂p- am-‰n-°m-\p-≈G¿-∏m-Sp- sN-øm-tam-?"-"B - - h-≠n- A-hn-sS- In-S° - p-∂X - p-

\m-ev° - h - e- ° - m-gvN - sIm-≠-v X-\n-°-v h-√- Ip-g∏ - h - pw- D-t≠m'-'- F-∂-v tÃ-j\ - n¬- t^m-¨- F-Sp-Øt]m-eo-kp-Im-cs - ‚- tNm-Zyw."-"C - t- ∏mƒ- Ip-g∏ - a- n-√,- A-Xp- Xm-akn-bm-sX- K-Xm-KX - - X-S  - Ø - n-\p- Imc-Wa- m-tb-°pw.-CS- p-ßn-b- tdm-Um-W.v .''"-"A - X - ,v - A-t∏m-gt- √.- A-t∏mƒ- hnfn-°v.- C-t∏mƒ- Xm≥- hn-´p- t]m..-''- - F∂p- ]-d™ - -v t]m-eo-kp-Im-c≥- t^m-¨I-´-v sN-bX -v p.K-Xm-KX - ° - p-cp-°-v D-≠m-°m≥- Xbm-dm-bn- \n-ba- w- sX-‰n-®p- In-S° - p-∂Xv- H-cp- t]m-eo-kv- hm-\m-sW-∂pw- AXn-s‚- ss{U-h¿- k-ao-]Ø - p-≈- _m¿tlm-´-en-te-°m-Wv- t]m-bn-´p-≈-sX∂pw- Iq-Sn- ]-db - m-\p-≈- A-hk - c- w- hnfn-®b - m-fn-\v- In-´n-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬- Abm-fp-sS- Im-cyw- t]m-°m-bX - p- X-s∂sb-∂p- kw-`h - w- tI-´h - ¿.- hm≥- A-hnsS- \n-∂p- D-St- \- am-‰p-∂X - n-\p- ]-Ic - w]-cm-Xn-°m-cs- \- X-∏n-sb-Sp-Ø-v tÃ-j\n-se-Øn-®v- aq-∂mw-ap-d- {]-tbm-Kn-t®-

s\- F-∂m-bn-cp-∂p- `q-cn-]£ - m-`n-{]m-bw.C-ßs - \-bm-W-v \m-´p-\S- ∏ - .v - \m-´p-Imsc- tk-hn-t°-≠,- k-lm-bn-t°-≠- t]meo-kv- hn-`m-Kw- A-h-sc- F-ß-s\- sIm√m-s°m-e- sN-øm-sa-∂m-Wv- t\m-°p-∂Xv.- Nn-e- hn-tZ-ic - m-Py-߃- k-µ¿-in-®n´p-≈h - ¿- A-hn-Sß - f - n-se- t]m-eo-kn-s‚{]-h¿-Ø\ - - \-∑t- b-bpw- ta-∑t- b-bpw- Ipdn-®p- ]-db - p-∂X - p- tIƒ-°p-tºmƒ- B¿°m-sW-¶n-epw- sIm-Xn- tXm-∂pw.tXm-ak - v- a-Øm-bn- I-cn-°w-]≈ - n¬F-¥p-sIm-≠m-Wv- tI-c-f-Øn-set]m-eo-kp-Im-cn¬- `q-cn-]£ - h - pw- P-\ß - tfm-Sp- `o-I-c-am-bn- s]-cp-am-dp-∂-Xv-?- shdp-∏n-°p-∂- co-Xn-bn¬- A-db - ° v- p-∂- sXdn- hn-fn-°p-∂X - ?-v - B-hi - y-an-√m-sX- a¿-±n°p-∂X - ?-v - B-tcm-Spw- ]p-—k - z-cØ - n¬- kwkm-cn-°p-∂X - ?-v - F-s¥-¶n-epw- sN-øW - s- a¶n¬- ssI-°q-en- In-´W - s - a-∂p- i-Tn-°p∂-Xv-?- hm-Zn-sb- {]-Xn-bm-°p-∂- co-Xnbn¬- kw-`h - ß - f - pw- tc-JI - f - pw- sI-´n-®a-b° v- p-∂X - ?v- - I-≈∑ - m-cp-sS- h-iØ - p- \n∂v- A-hc- n¬- \n-∂-v ]n-Sn-®p-]d- n-°m-in-s‚]-¶p- ]-‰p-∂X - v?- - cm-{Xn-bn¬- ]-t{Sm-fnw-Kv\-St- Ø-≠h - ¿- Iq¿-°w- h-en-®p- In-S∂ - pd-ßp-∂-Xv-?- a-Zy-]n-®p- Uyq-´n-bv-°p- h-cp∂-X?-v F-¥p-sIm-≠m-W-v t]m-eo-kn-s\-Xntc- F-√m-hc - pw- Xn-cn-bp-∂X - v- F-∂v- am-dnam-dn- h-cp-∂- k¿-°m-cp-Iƒ- Xn-c° - m-dn-√.cm-j{-v So-b° - m¿-°-v Im-cyw- Im-Wm≥- t]meo-kn-s‚- sIm-≈c- p-Xm-bI -v I - ƒ- I-ÆS- ® - -v Im-Wm-Xn-cn-°p-It- b- \n-hr-Øn-bp-≈p.-

{i-t≤-b-am-b{]-h¿-Ø-\-߃tIc- f- Ø - n-se- cm-j{v- So-b,- km-aq-ln-I,- kmw-kI v- m-cn-I- cw-Kß - f - n¬- X-\Xm-bX - pw- {i-t≤-ba- m¿-∂X - p-am-b- {]-h¿-Øß - ƒ- Im-gN -v h - ® - - ap≥- a-{¥n- _n.-sh√nw-KvS- ¨ - - (1928 Hm-Kà - v- 28 ˛- 2006 ta-bv- 10)- F-gp-Xn-b- `-cW - k - va- c - W - I - f - n-se- CXp-hs - c- {]-kn-≤o-Ic - n-°s - ∏-Sm-Ø- Nn-e- A-[ym-bß - ƒ- t{Im-ktv- dm-Un¬.H-cp- Im-eL - ´- Ø - n¬- tI-cf - Ø - n-et- ßm-fa- n-tßm-fw- km-∂n-[yw- \n-e\ - n¿-Ønb- Xo-ct- Z-iØ - p- \n-∂v- D-b¿-∂p- h-∂v- a-et- bm-c- I¿-jI - - t\-Xm-hpw- km-aq-lyhn-πh - I - m-cn-bp-am-bn- am-dn-b- sh-√nw-KvS- ¨ - s - ‚- B-flI - Y - m-]c - a- m-b- `-cW - k - va- c - W-bn¬- `-cW - Ø - n-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂- \m-fp-If - n-se- kw-`h - ß - ƒ- hy-‡h - pw- hn-iZ- am-bpw- A-hX - c- n-∏n-°p-Ib - m-W.v Po-hn-XØ - n-epw- cm-j{-v So-bØ - n-epw- th-dn-´- ssi-en-b° -v p-Sa- b - pw- Xo-{h- I-ΩyqWn-Ãv- hn-cp-≤- bm-Ym-ÿn-Xn-IX - b - n¬- \n-∂v- I-Ωyq-Wn-Ãv- k-lb - m-{Xn-I\ - pw- a{¥n-bp-am-bn- am-dn-b- hy-‡n-bm-W-v _n.-sh-√nw-KS-v ¨ - .- F-k.v _ - m-Ãy-t‚-bpw- F¬kn- _m-Ãy-t‚-bpw- c-≠m-as - Ø- a-I\ - m-bn- sIm-√w- Im-h\ - m-S-v Xm-ac- t- i-cn- Ip-Spw_-Øn¬- P-\n-®p.- tX-hc- - tk-{I-U-v lm¿-´-v tIm-fP - ,v - Xr-iq¿- tI-cf - - h¿-a- tIm-fPv- F-∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬- \n-∂v- hn-Zym-`ym-kw- ]q¿-Øn-bm-°n.- hn-Zym-`ym-k- Im-eØp- X-s∂- kzm-X{- ¥y- k-ac- Ø - n¬- ]-s¶-Sp-ØX - n-\m¬- tX-hc- - tk-{I-U-v lm¿´v- tIm-fP - n¬- \n-∂-v ]p-dØ - m-°s- ∏-´p.- sIm-√w- sk‚ v- A-tem-jy-kv- ssl-kvI - q-fn¬- K-Wn-X- im-kv{X- A-[ym-]I - \ - m-bn-cn-s°- tIm-¨{- K-kv- cm-j{v- Sob-Øn¬- {]-th-in-®p.^m.-tPm-k^ - -v h-S° - s- ‚- {]-h¿-Ø\ - - co-Xn-bn¬B-Ir-jS-v \ - m-b- _m-Ãy≥- sh-√nw-KS-v ¨ - - {]-h¿-Ø\w- Ip-Sn-tb-‰- I¿-jI - ¿-°p- th-≠n- am-‰n-h® - p.- hnZym-`ym-k- _n-√n-s\-Xn-cm-b- k-ac - Ø - n-epw- hn-tamN-\- k-ac - Ø - n-epw- an-®`- q-an- k-ac - Ø - n-epw- Ip-Sn-bnd-°v- k-ac- Ø - n-epw- {]-ap-J- ]-¶v- h-ln-®n-cp-∂p.1961˛¬- a-e\ - m-Sv- I¿-jI - - bq-Wn-bs - ‚- sk-{I´-dn-bm-bpw- 1962˛¬- I¿-j-I- sXm-gn-em-fn- ]m¿-´n(sI.-Sn.-]n-)-˛-bp-sS- P-\-d¬- sk-{I-´-dn-bm-bpw- {]h¿-Øn-®p.- aq-∂mw- tI-cf - - \n-ba- k - `- - (1965)-˛b - n¬I¬-]‰- - \n-tbm-PI - - a-fie - Ø - n¬- \n-∂pw- \m-emwtI-c-f- \n-b-a- k-`- (1970)-˛-bn¬- ]-≈p-cp-Øn- \ntbm-P-I- a-fi-e-Øn¬- \n-∂pw- sX-c-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´p.- 1967 ap-X¬- 1969 h-scCw.-Fw.-Fk - v.\ - º - q-Xn-cn-∏m-Sv- a-{¥n- k-`b - n-se- B-tcm-Ky- h-Ip-∏p- a-{¥n-bm-bn-cp∂p.- {Km-ao-W- Ip-Sn-sh-≈- ]-≤X - n-Iƒ,- tlm-an-tbm-∏X - n- h-Ip-∏-v cq-]h - X - I -v c- W - w,sa-Un-°¬- tIm-fP - -v {]-th-i\ - Ø - n-\-v am¿-°-v am-\Z- fi - a- m-°n-bX - ,v - k¿-°m¿- tem´-dn- G¿-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xv- F-∂n-ß-s\- \n-c-h-[n- D-Zm-l-c-W-߃- _n.-sh-√nw-Kv-SWn-s‚- `-cW - s - s\-]p-Wy-Øn-\v- \n-Zm-\ß - f - m-Wv.Xn-I™ - hm-‹n-bpw- kw-Lm-SI - \ - p-am-bn-cp-∂- _n.-sh-√nw-KSv- ¨ - - sXm-gn-emfn- Zn-\] - {- X-Øn-s‚- No-^v- F-Un-‰¿,- k-ak - X v- - tI-cf - - km-ln-Xy- ]-cn-jØ - n-s‚tPm-bn-‚ v- sk-{I-´-dn- F-∂o- \n-e-I-fn-epw- tk-h-\-a-\p-jv-Tn-®n-´p-≠v.- C-¥y≥\m-jW - ¬- tIm-¨{- K-kn-s‚- tIm-˛H - m¿-Un-t\-‰d- m-bn- {]-h¿-Øn-®p.- sF.-F≥.-Sn.bp.-kn- ÿm-]I - - t\-Xm-°f - n¬- H-cm-fm-bn-cp-∂p.- k-Xy-km-bn- tk-hm- k-an-Xn,in-hK - n-cn- a-Tw,- B-eØ - q¿- kvt- \-lw- Nm-cn-‰_ - nƒ- {S-Ãv,- ]-Ø\ - m-]p-cw- Km-‘n{Km-aw- Nm-cn-‰_ - nƒ- {S-Ã-v Xp-Sß - n- \n-ch - [ - n- km-aq-ly- tk-h\ - - {]-ÿm-\ß - f - p-ambn- k-lI - c - n-®p- {]-h¿-Øn-®p.- Po-hn-XØ - n-epw- cm-jv{- So-bØ - n-epw- F-∂pw- kz¥w- Im-gvN - ∏ - m-Sv- ]p-e¿-Øn-bn-cp-∂- sh-√nw-KvS- ¨ - - 78 ˛mw- h-bk - n¬- A-¥c - n-®p.`m-cy- sIm-®n- Ip-ºf - ß - n- H.-F¬.-F^ - v.P - n- ssl-kI v- qƒ- dn-´t- b-Uv- sl-Uav- nkv-{S-kv- F-en-k-_-Øv- 2004 am¿-®v- G-gn-\v- \n-cym-X-bm-bn.- (P-\-\w-:- 1929 \-hw_¿- 23).- 48 h¿-j-sØ- hn-hm-l-_-‘w.- a-°-fn-√.- sh-√nw-Kv-S-Wn-\v- aq-∂v- ktlm-Zc - ß - f - m-Wp-≈X - v.- aq-Ø- k-tlm-Zc - ≥- t_-_n- (85)- dn-´t- b-Uv- A-[ym-]I - \m-Wv.- C-fb - - k-tlm-Zc- ≥- ssa-°n-fpw- (75)- dn-´t- b-Uv- ssl-kI v- qƒ- A-[ym-]I - \m-Wv.- G-‰h - pw- C-fb - - k-tlm-Zc - ≥- A-eI - k v- v- (71).`-cW - k - a-v c- W - I - f - p-sS- F-Un-‰nw-K-v tXm-ak - -v a-Øm-bn- I-cn-°w-]≈ - n¬.-

tI-c-f-Øn-se- _-kv- tÃ-j-\p-I-fnepw- sd-bn¬-th- tÃ-j-\p-I-fn-ep-ap-≈t]m-°‰- S- n- {i-≤n-°p-I.- "-t]m-°‰- S- n- kq£n-°p-I'- - F-∂- t_m¿-U-v F-{X-tbm- \mfp-If - m-bn- A-hn-Sß - f - n¬- {]-Z¿-in-∏n-®ncn-°p-∂p.- F-∂n-´-v F-s¥-¶n-epw- Kp-Wa- p≠m-bn-´p-t≠m-sb-∂p- tNm-Zn-®m¬- t]m°-‰S- n-°m¿-°pw- t]m-eo-kp-Im¿-°p-ap-≠-v F-∂m-bn-cn-°pw- D-Øc- w.- A-Xm-Xp- ÿe-ßf - n¬- t]m-°‰- S- n-°m¿-°pw- t]m-eokp-Im¿-°pw- c-lk - y-_‘ - h - pw- G¿∏m-Sp-If - p-ap-s≠-∂-v k-ao-]{- ]-tZ-iß-fp-≈h - ¿-s°-√mw- A-dn-bmw.t]m-°‰- S- n-bp-sS- ]-¶v- t]m-eokv- ]-‰p-∂p-s≠-∂p- B-tcm-]n®m¬- B-sc- Ip-‰s- ∏-Sp-Øm-\mIpw.ssI-°m-ip-]n-cn-h-v \-´p-®bv° - pw- \-SØ - m≥- t]m-eo-kn\v- A-d∏ - n-√.- K-Xm-KX - w- `m-KnI-am-bn- \n-b-{¥n-®- ]m-e-ßfn¬- I-≠n-´n-t√.- hm-l\ - w- IS-Øn-hn-Sm≥- ss{U-h-dp-sSA-Sp-°¬- \n-∂-v Bƒ-°m-cpsS- ap-∂n¬-h® - p- X-s∂- bmsXm-cp- A-d-∏pw- Iq-Sm-sXt]m- e okp-Im¿ssI- \ o´n- Im-ip-hmßp-∂X - .v A-¥k - p\n-d-™,s]m- X p- P -

\-߃-°-v k-lm-bl - k - X -v a- m-Ip-∂- t]meo-k-v tk-\- F-∂m-W-v cq-]w- sIm-≈p-I?- t]m-eo-kp-Im-cp-sS- ]-cn-io-e\ - - Im-eØ - -v s]-cp-am-‰- a-cym-Z- ]-Tn-∏n-t°-≠X - -v A-Xymh-iy-am-Wv.- A-Xn-\m-bn- Im-em-Im-e-ßfn¬- Xp-S¿-]c- n-io-e\ - h - pw- am¿-°n-Se - pw- \S-Øp-Ib - pw- th-Ww.- Ip-‰m-tº-jW - Ø - n\pw- e-lf - \ - n-b{- ¥-WØ - n-\pw- a-‰p-ap-≈]-cn-io-e\ - w- \-eI -v p-∂X - n-t\m-sSm-∏w- A\y-tcm-Sp-≈- sa-®s- ∏-´- C-Ss- ]-Se - p-Iƒ- Fß-s\- th-Ws- a-∂p-≈X - n-\pw- ]m-Ty-]≤ - Xn-bn¬- ÿm-\a- p-≠m-IW - w.- A-X-v tPm-

`-cW - k a v- c - W - I - ƒ-

en-ka- b - Ø - v- \-S∏ - m-°p-∂p-s≠-∂v- Dd-∏m-°p-Ib - pw- th-Ww.No- d n- ∏ m- b p- ∂ - hm- l - \ - ß ƒ°n-S-bn-eq-sS- tdm-Up- ap-dn-®p- I-S°m≥- _-≤s - ∏-Sp-∂- hr-≤P - \ - ß - t- fbpw- hn-Ie - mw-Kt- c-bpw- a-‰pw- ssI-]nSn-®v- tdm-Up- I-S-Øn- hn-Sp-∂- {Sm-^nIv- t]m-eo-kp-Im-sc- I-≠n-´n-t√-?- F√m- t]m-eo-kp-Im-cpw- A-ßs - \-bm-bncp-t∂¬- F-∂v- B-{K-ln-°m-Øh - c - p≠m-Ip-tam.-

_n.-sh-√nw-KS-v ¨ - -

hm-N-I-°-k¿-Øv-

B-ip-]-{Xn-I-fn¬Im-Wm-\n-√m-ØtUm-Iv-S¿-am¿B

i - p-]{- Xn-If - n¬- cm-{Xn- tUmIvS- ¿-am¿- D-≠m-Im-dn-s√-∂p- ]-cm-Xn- tI´p.- t\-cn-´p- X-s∂- A-t\z-jn-®t- ∏mƒ]-e- B-ip-]{- Xn-If - n-epw- cm-{Xn- H≥-]Xp- a-Wn- I-gn-™m¬- tUm-IS-v ¿-am¿- D≠m-Im-dn-s√-∂X - -v H-cp- k-Xy-am-sW-∂pt_m-[yw- h-∂p.- A-Sp-Øp- Xm-ak - n-°p∂- tUm-Iv-S-tdm-Sv- A-Xym-h-iy- Im-cyam-sW-∂p- Uyq-´n- \-gk -v -v A-dn-bn-®m-teF-Øm-dp-≈p.tcm-Kn-Is - f- In-SØ - n- Nn-In-’n-°p∂- F-√m- Xm-eq-°,v - Pn-√m,- sa-Un-°¬tIm-f-Pv- B-ip-]-{Xn-I-fn-epw- cm-{XnUyq-´n-°v- tUm-ISv- s - d- \n-ba- n-°W - s - a∂p- B-tcm-Ky- a-{¥n-sb-∂- \n-eb - n¬Rm≥- \n¿-tZ-iw- \-eI -v n-bn-cp-∂p.\n¿-tZ-iw- \-eI -v p-∂X - p- sIm-≠-v am{X-am-bn-√t- √m.- B- \n¿-tZ-iß - ƒ- ]men-°s - ∏-Sp-∂p-t≠m-sb-∂p- Nn-et- ∏msg-¶n-epw- \n¿-tZ-iw- \-eI -v n-b- a-{¥n- Xs∂- ]-cn-tim-[n-°p-∂X - p- \-∂m-bn-cn-°psa-∂p- H-cp- kw-`h - w- hy-‡a- m-°p-∂p.Xo-bX - n- Ir-Xy-am-bn- Hm¿-ab - n-√.- Hcm-gvN - s - Ø- a-e_ - m¿- ]-cy-S\ - Ø - n-\n-Sbn-em-WX - v.- I-Æq¿- Sq-dn-Ãv- _w-•m-hnem-Wv- c-≠p- aq-∂p- Zn-h-k-sØ- Xm-akw.- H-cp- Zn-hk - s - Ø- ]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ- Ign-s™-Øn-b-t∏mƒ- ]m-Xn-cm-{Xnbm-bn.- A-t∏m-gpw- Ip-td- ]-cm-Xn-°m¿D-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.- A-h-sc-sb-√mw- I≠v- Ip-fn- I-gn-™-t∏mƒ- H-cp- a-WnI-gn-™n-cp-∂p- F-∂m-Wv- Hm¿-a.- A-SpØ- Zn-hk - w- cm-hn-se- G-gn-\p- ho-≠pw]-cn-]m-Sn- Xp-S-ß-Ww.- a-{¥n- Xm-a-kn®m¬- A-X-v A-£¥ - y-hy-am-b- A-]c- m[-at- √.D-dß - m≥- In-S∂ - t- ∏mƒ- H-cp- Nn-¥.Xn-cp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cw- sa-Un-°¬- tIm-fP - vB-ip-]{- Xn-bn¬- C-t∏mƒ- Uyq-´n- tUmIvS- ¿- D-≠m-Ip-tam-?.- kw-ib - w- h-∂m¬]-cn-tim-[n-°W - w.- 35Z- ssa¬- A-Is- e.D-dß - m≥- In-S∂ - - Rm≥- F-gp-t∂-‰p- sN∂v- sS-en-t^m-Wn¬- Xn-cp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cwsa-Un-°¬- tIm-fP - n-te-°-v {S-¶-v tImƒ-

_p-°-v sN-bX -v p.- A-∂-v F-k.v S- n.-Un- G¿∏m-Sv- D-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√.I-Æq-cn-se- sS-en-t^m-¨- F-Ik -v -v tN-©n¬- C-cp-∂- kv{- Xo- \-√- tk-h\ - X-X] -v c- b - m-bn-cp-∂X - p- sIm-≠pw- a-{¥nbm-W-v kw-km-cn-°p-∂s- X-∂- hn-iZ- o-Ic-Ww- t\-ct- Ø- X-s∂- \-eI -v n-bn-cp-∂Xn-\m-epw- h-en-b- Xm-ak - a- n-√m-sX- Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cw- sa-Un-°¬- tIm-fP - -v Bip-]{- Xn-bn-te-°p-≈- sS-en-t^m-¨- IW-£≥- In-´n.t^m-Wn¬- H-cp- kv{- Xo- i-_Zv- w- Xs∂-bm-Wv.- "-"B - c- m- kw-km-cn-°p-∂X - v?-'-'- aq-∂p- {]m-h-iyw- C-Xp- X-s∂- Bh¿-Øn-®p.- "-"-Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw- sa-Un°¬- tIm-fP - -v B-ip-]{- Xn- A-t√-?'- '- - Fs‚- i-_v-Zw- D-b¿-∂p.- A-t∏m-gpw- Ahn-sS- \n-∂v- ]-gb - - tNm-Zyw- X-s∂.- Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cw- F-Ik -v t-v N-©n¬- \n-∂-v H-cp- a-dp-]S- n.- "-"k - m¿,- Xn-cp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cwX-s∂- I-W£ - ≥- sIm-Sp-Øn-cn-°p-Ibm-W.v - kw-km-cn-t®m-fq-fq.- C-Sb - n¬- sSen-t^m-¨- F-Ik -v t-v N-©n-se- i-_Z-v wIq-Sn-bm-b-t∏mƒ- t^m-Wn¬- kw-kmcn-®n-cp-∂- kv{- Xo-°-v G-tXm- hn.-sF.-]n{S-¶-v hn-fn-°p-∂p- F-∂d- n-™X - n-\m-emImw- H-cp- ]-X¿-®.- "-"-k¿,- k¿,- sa-Un°¬- tIm-fP - v- B-W'v- '- ."-"C - X - v- \n-ßf - p-sS- a-{¥n,- sh-√nw-KvS-¨- B-Wv- kw-km-cn-°p-∂X - v,- I-Æqcn¬- \n-∂m-Wv.- Uyq-´n- tUm-ISv- s - d- hnfn-°q..-''- - F-∂p- Rm≥.- "-"k - ¿,- tUm-IvS¿- hm¿-Un¬- t]m-bn-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wv'- '- F-∂-v B- kv{- Xo- X-d∏ - n-®p- ]-d™ p.- adp-]S- n- tI-´t- ∏mƒ- B-izm-ka- m-bn.- cm{Xn-bn¬- Uyq-´n-°v- tUm-ISv- d- p-≠t- √m.I-Æq-cn¬- \n-∂-v A-X-v ]-cn-tim-[n-°m≥I-gn-™p- F-∂X - n¬- G-sd- k-t¥m-jw.km-[m-cW - - co-Xn-b\ - p-kc- n-®-v D-Ss- \t^m-Wpw- Xm-sg- h-®-v kw-Xr-]X -v n-tbmsS- D-dß - mw.- t]m-sc-¶n¬- cm-hn-se- Hm´w- Xp-St- ß-≠X - t- √-?.- ]-t£- H-cp- kwi-bw.- In-´n-b- a-dp-]S- n- k-Xy-am-tWm-?(Xp-Sc- pw-)-

Np-fp-ßn-t∏m-b^o-en-ßvH

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-cp- Im-e-L-´w- h-sc- a-Ωp´n-°p- th-≠n- tb-ip-Zm-kv- am-{Xam-bn-cp-∂p- ]m-Sp-∂-Xv.- ]-t£,- C∂p- ]-e- Km-b-I-cpw- ]m-Sp-∂p-≠v.k-Xy-Øn¬- Cu- ]m-´p-Iƒ- ko\n¬- Im-Wp-tºmƒ- a-Ωq-´o-sS- apJw- A-ßp- Np-fp-ßn-t∏m-b- H-cp^o-en-ßm-Wv.˛- Fw.-Pn.-{io-Ip-am¿- (N-e® - n-{X- Kmb-I≥-)" Xm-c-߃-°p- cm-jv-{So-b- e£y-ßf - p-≠m-hp-∂X - n-se-¥m-WpsX-‰v.- k-aq-l-Øn-\p- \-√-Xp- sNø-W-sa-∂m-{K-l-ap-≈- k-º-∂¿cm-jv{- So-bØ - n¬- h-cW - s - a-∂m-WvF-s‚- A-`n-{]m-bw.˛-kp-a-e-X- (kn-\n-am- Xm-cw-)" F-√m-hc - p-tS-bpw- sa-®s - ∏-´- Btcm-Ky-sØ- e-£y-am-°n-bm-WvRm≥- ]-®-°-dn-sb- t{]m-’m-ln∏n-°p-∂-Xv.- I-gn-°p-∂- B-lmcw- H-cp- Im-gv-N-∏m-Sp- Iq-Sn- \-Ωfn¬- D-≠m-°p-∂p.˛-P-Ãn-kv- hn.-B¿,.-Ir-jv-W-ø¿(kp-{]ow- tIm-S-Xn- ap≥- P-Uv-Pn-)" \m-b-I≥- I-cp-Øv- sX-fn-bn°-Ws - a-¶n¬- D-cp-°p-tIm-´s - b- CSn-®p-\n-c-Ø-Ww.- B- D-cp-°p-tIm´-bm-bn-cp-∂p- kn-\n-a-bn¬- Fw.F≥.-\-ºym¿.- Hm-tcm- kn-\n-a-bpsS- ss¢-am-Ivk - n-epw- a-cn-®p-ho-WpsIm-≠v- A-t±-lw- X-s‚- Im-e-L´-Øn-se- \m-b-I-\-S-∑m-sc- A\iz-c-cm°n.˛P-b-dmw- (kn-\n-am-Xm-cw) " F-\n-°v- kw-K-o-Xw- A-dn-bns√-¶n-epw- kw-KX - w- \¬-Ip-∂- A\p-`q-Xn- A-dn-bm≥- I-gn-™-Xns‚- t]-cn¬- ]-d-bp-I-bm-Wv,- `owsk≥- tP-mj - n-°v- Xp-ey-\m-bn- `owsk-≥- tPm-j-n- am-{X-ta-bp-≈q.˛H.-hn.-D-j- (F-gp-Øp-Im-cn-)" H-cp- a-{¥n-tb-bpw- ]m¿-´n- sk{I-´d- n-tb-bpw- kvX - p-Xn-°m≥- t]mIm-tXbpw- H-cp- I-hn-°v- h-en-b]p-c-kv-Im-c-߃- e`n-°mw- F-∂Xn-s‚- am-Xr-I-bm-Wv- A-°n-Øw.˛]n.-kp-tc-{µ≥- (F-gp-Øp-Im-c≥)-


6

B-tc-m-Kyw--

2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14

sk¿hn°¬ Im≥kdns\Xntc K¿Umkn¬ hmIvkn≥ FwFkvUn C¥y ]pdØnd°n t{Im-kv-td-m-Uv- \yq-kv-

sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k¿- XS-bm≥- lyq-a≥- ]m-∏n-tem-a- sshd-kv- (F-®v-]n-hn-)- hm-Iv-kn≥- ]p-dØn-d-°n.- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k¿X- S - b p- ∂ - X n- \ p- ≈ - K¿- U m- k n¬hm-Iv-kn≥- (Izm-{Un-h-e-‚ v- lyqa≥- ]m-∏n-tem-a-ssh-d-kv- (ssS-∏v6,- 11,- 16,- 18)- hm-Iv-kn≥-)- A-ta-cn°-bn-se- sa¿-°v- B≥-Uv- I-º\n-bp-sS- k-l-ÿm-]-\-am-b- FwF- k v - U n- ^m¿- a - k yq- ´ n- ° ¬- k v ss{]-h-‰v- en-an-‰-Uv- (C-¥y-)- BWv- ]p-d-Øn-d-°n-b-Xv.- F-®v-]n-hnssh-d-kv- aq-e-ap-≈- sk¿-hn-°¬Im≥-k-dn-s\-Xn-tc-bp-≈- C-¥y-bnse- B-Zy-sØ- hm-Ivk - n-\m-Wn-Xv.ssS-∏v- 6,- 11,- 16,- 18 F-∂n-ßs\- \m-ep- X-cw- lyq-a≥- ]m-∏n-tema- ssh-d-kp-Iƒ-s°-Xn-tc- {]-h¿Øn-°m≥- I-gn-bp-∂- G-I- hm-Ivkn-\m-Wn-Xv.- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥k¿- Iq-Sm-sX- A-km-[m-c-W-am-bXpw- ]n-∂o-Sv- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥k-dn-\v- Im-c-W-am-tb-°m-hp-∂-Xpam-b- eo-j-\p-Iƒ,- h-ssP-\¬- eoj-\p-Iƒ,- hƒ-hm¿- eo-j-\p-Iƒ,P-\n-‰¬- hm¿-´p-Iƒ- F-∂n-ß-s\F-®v-]n-hn- aq-e-ap-≠m-Im-hp-∂- tcmK-ß-sf- sN-dp-°p-∂-Xn-\pw- Cuhm-Iv-kn-\v- I-gn-bpw.- H≥-]-Xp- hb-kv- ap-X¬- 26 h-b-kp-h-sc- {]mb-ap-≈- s]-¨-Ip-´n-Iƒ-°v- K¿-Umkn¬- hm-Iv-kn≥- \-ev-Ip-∂-Xn-\mWv- ip-]m¿-i.- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥k-dn-\pw- a-‰v- A-\p-_-‘- tcm-K߃- ° p- s a- X n- t c- A- t a- c n- ° - b nse- F-^v-Un-F- Aw-Ko-I-cn-®- hmIv-kn-\m-Wv- K¿-Um-kn¬.sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k¿- A-Yhm- bq-´-ssd≥- sk¿-hn-Iv-kn-s\_m-[n-°p-∂- Im≥-k¿- a-c-W-Imc-W-am-Im-hp-∂- tcm-K-am-Wv.- K¿-`]m-{X-sØ- tbm-\n-bp-am-bn- tbmPn-∏n-°p-∂- C-Sp-ßn-b- `m-K-am-Wvsk¿- h n- I v - k v . - sk¿- h n- I v - k n- s e]m-fn-I-fn-se- tIm-i-ß-sf- km-[mc-Wm-h-ÿ-bn¬- \n-∂pw- Im≥-kdn-\p- Im-c-W-am-Im-hp-∂- eo-j-\pI-fm-°n- am-‰p-∂-Xn-\v- F-®v-]n- sshd-kp-Iƒ-°v- I-gn-bpw.- Cu- eo-j\p-Iƒ- t\-c-sØ- I-s≠-Øn- NnIn-’n-®n-s√-¶n¬- A-h- G-Xm-\pwh¿-j-߃-°p-≈n- ¬- Im≥-k-dmbn- am-dmw.- Hm-tcm- a-Wn-°q-dn-epwC-¥y-bn¬- F-´p- kv-{Xo-I-fp-sS- ac-W-Øn-\v- sk¿-hn-°- ¬- Im≥k¿- Im-cW - a- m-Ip-∂p-s≠-∂m-Wv- IW- ° v . - C- ¥ y≥- kv - { Xo- I - f n¬Im≥-k¿- aq-e-ap-≈- a-c-W-ß-fn¬G-‰-hpw- {]-[m-\- Im-c-W-hpw- BtKm-f-X-e-Øn¬- Im≥-k¿- aq-e-ap≈- kv-{Xo-I-fp-sS- a-c-W-Øn¬- c≠m-a-sØ- {]-[m-\- Im-c-W-hpwsk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k-dm-Wv.- F-√mh¿-j-hpw- C-¥y-bn¬- G-I-tZ-iw74,-000 kv-{Xo-Iƒ- sk¿-hn-°¬Im≥-k¿- aq-ew- a-c-W-a-S-bp-∂p.tem- I - s a- º m- S pw- sk¿- h n- ° ¬Im≥-k¿- aq-e-ap-≈- a-c-W-ß-fn¬\m-en-sem-∂p- h-cp-an-Xv.- C-¥y-bnse- kv-{Xo-I-fn¬- sk¿-hn-°¬Im≥-k¿- h-cm-\p-f-f- km-[y-X- BtKm-f-X-e-Øn-te-Xn-s‚- C-c-´n-bmWv.- B-tKm-f-X-e-Øn¬- kv-{Xo-Ifn¬- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k¿- hcm-\p-≈- km-[y-X- 1.-3 i-X-am-sW¶n¬- C-¥y-bn-se- kv-{Xo-I-fn¬2.-5 i-X-am-\w- km-[y-X-bp-≠v.C-¥y-bn¬- A-[n-I- _m-[yX-bm-Ip-∂- tcm-K-ß-sf- t\-cn-Sp-∂Xn-\v- Fw-F-kv-Un- C-¥y- _-≤-{i≤-cm-sW-s∂-∂v- K¿-Um-kn¬- hmIv-kn≥- ]p-d-Øn-d-°n-s°m-≠v- FwF-kv-Un- C-¥y- am-t\-Pnw-Kv- Ub-d-Iv-S¿- tUm.- \-ho≥- F.- dm-hp]-d-™p.- C-¥y≥- kv-{Xo-I-fn-seIm≥-k¿- aq-e-ap-f-f- a-c-W-ß-fn¬G- ‰ - h pw- {]- [ m- \ - Im- c - W - a m- b sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k-dn-s\-Xn-tcbp-≈- bp-≤-Øn-\v- K¿-Um-kn-eneq-sS- Xp-S-°w- Ip-dn-®n-cn-°p-I-bmWv.- hm-Iv-kn-s\-°p-dn-®v- t_m-[h-Xv-°-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\pw- e-`y-X- D-d∏p-h-cp-Øp-∂-Xn-\p-am-bn- ]-¶m-fnI-tfm-Spw- hn-hn-[- k-aq-l-ß-tfmSpw- tN¿-∂v- Fw-F-kv-Un- C-¥y{]-h¿-Øn-°p-sa-∂v- A-t±-lw- ]d-™p.A-©v- `q-J-Wv-U-ß-fn-se- hyXy-ÿ- tI-{µ-ß-fn-em-bn- 20,-000

kv-{Xo-I-fn-em-Wv- ]-T-\w- \-S-Ønb-sX-∂v- Hmƒ- C-¥y- C≥-Ãn-‰yq´v- Hm-^v- sa-Un-°¬- k-b≥-k-knse- (F- s F- s F- F w- F - k v , - \yqU¬-ln-)- tUm.- \o-c-P- `m-´v-e- ]-d™p.- πm-kn-t_m- \n-b-{¥-W-ßtfm-sS- dm≥-U-ssa-kv-Uv,- U-_nƒssª≥-Uv- ]-T-\-ß-fm-Wv- \-S-Ønb-Xv.- F-®v-]n- ssh-d-kv- ssS-∏p-Iƒ_m-[n-®n-´n-√m-Ø- 98 i-X-am-\wkv-{Xo-I-fn-epw- F-®v-]n-hn- ssS-]v-

16,- 18 aq-e-ap-≠m-Im-hp-∂- Im≥-kdn-\p- Im-c-W-am-Im-hp-∂- tcm-Km-hÿ-I-fn¬-\n-∂v- kw-c-£-Ww- \ev-Ip-∂p-sh-∂v- ]-T-\-߃- sX-fnbn-®p.- tem-I-sa-ßpw- 70 i-X-am\w- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k-dn-\pwIm- c - W - a m- I p- ∂ - X v - Cu- ssS- ∏ v ssh-d-kp-I-fm-Wv.Iq-Sp-X¬- t]-cn¬- \-S-Øn-bπm-kn-t_m- \n-b-{¥n-X,- U-_nƒssª≥-Uv,- dm≥-U-ssa-kv-Uv,- aƒ´n- sk≥-{Sn-Iv- ]-T-\-ß-fn¬- F-®v]n-hn- ssS-∏v- 6,- 11 F-∂n-h- aq-e-ap-

Hm¿-°-W-sa-∂v- tUm.- \o-c-P- Nq≠n-°m-´n.sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k¿,- P-\n‰¬- hm¿-´p-Iƒ- F-∂n-h-b-S-°w- Hcp- ]n-Sn- tcm-K-߃-s°-Xn-tc- Izm{Un-h-e-‚ v- F-®v-]n-hn- hm-Iv-kn≥^-e-{]-Z-am-sW-∂v- apw-s_-bn-seP-kv-tem-Iv- B≥-Uv- {_o-®v- Im≥Un- tlm- k v - ] n- ‰ - e n- s e- C- ¥ y≥A-°m-Z-an- Hm-^v- ]o-Un-bm-{Sn-Ivkn-s‚- ap≥- {]-kn-U-‚ v- tUm.-

ssh.-sI- Aw-t_-Zv-I¿- ]-d-™p.]-Øp- h-b-kn-\p- ap-I-fn¬- {]mb-ap-≈- kv-{Xo-I-fn¬- F-®v-]n-hnhm-Iv-kn-t\-j-\v- sF-F-]n- I-Ωn‰n- Hm-^v- C-ayq-ssW-tk-j≥- in]m¿-i- sN-bv-Xn-´p-s≠-∂v- A-t±lw- ]-d-™p.- s]m-Xp- P-\m-tcmKy-Im-cy-Øn¬- `m-hn-bn¬- h-enb- am-‰-߃-°p- Im-c-W-am-Ip-∂-Xn\pw- kv-{Xo-I-sf- A-h-cp-sS- bu-h\-Im-e-Øv- _m-[n-°p-∂- sk¿-hn°¬- Im≥-k-dn¬- \n-∂v- kw-c-£Ww- \-ev-Ip-∂-Xn-\pw- Ip-Spw-_- ß-

F-®v-]n-hn- hm-Iv-kn≥- \-ev-Ip-∂-Xn\v- sF-F-]n-˛-kn-H-sF- in-]m¿-isN-øp-∂p.- ]-Øp- h-b-kv- ap-X¬12 h- b - k v - h- s c- b p- ≈ - {]m- b Øn¬- B-Zy- hm-Iv-kn-\pw- ]n-∂nSv- 26 h-b-kp- h-sc- Xp-S¿-∂p-f-fhm-Iv-kn≥- \-ev-Ip-∂-Xn-\m-Wv- in]m¿-i- sN-ø-s∏-´n-´p-≈-Xv.- aq-∂ptUm-kp-I-fm-bn- 0,-2,-6 am-k-ß-fn¬\-ev-Ip-∂-Xn-\m-Wv- in-]m¿-i- sNø-s∏-´n-´p-≈-Xv.- hm-Iv-kn≥- H-cptUm-kn-s‚- hn-e- 2,-800 cq-]-bmWv.sk¿-hn-Iv-kn-s\- (tbm-\n-bpam-bn- Iq-Sn-t®-cp-∂- K¿-`m-i-b-Øns‚- Xm-gv-`m-Kw-)- _m-[n-°p-∂- Im≥k-dm-Wv- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k¿(K¿-`m-i-b-K-f- A¿-_p-Zw-).- km-[mc-W-bm-bn- I-≠p-h-cp-∂- lyq-a≥]m-]n-tem-a- ssh-d-kv- A-Y-hm- F®v-]n-hn-bm-Wv- C-Xn-\p- Im-c-W-amIp-∂-Xv.- hn-hn-[- X-cw- F-®v-]n- sshd-kp- I-fn¬-\n-∂p-≈- tcm-K-_m-[aq-ew- sk¿-hn-Iv-kn-se- ]m-fn-I-fnse- A- k m- [ m- c - W - tIm- i - ß ƒs]-s´-∂v- \n-b-{¥-W-an-√m-sX- hf-cp-∂-Xm-Wv- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥k-dn-\p- Xp-S-°w.C-¥y-bn¬- s{_-Ãv- Im≥-kdn-s\- (kv-X-\m¿-_p-Zw-)- A-t]-£n®v- sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k-dm-Wv- kv{Xo-I-fn-se- G-‰-hpw- km-[m-c-Wam-b- A¿-_p-Zw.- C-¥y-bn¬- 15 h-b-kn-\p- ap-I-fn¬- {]m-b-ap-≈365 Z-i-e-£w- kv-{Xo-I-fn¬- sk¿hn-°¬- Im≥-k¿- _m-[n-°p-∂-Xn\p- ≈ - km- [ y- X - I - f p- ≠ v . - C- ¥ ybn¬- {]-Xn-h¿-jw- 1.-3 e-£w- (1,320,-82)- kv-{Xo-I-fn¬- sk¿-hn-°¬-

cm-Py-߃- s]m-Xp- ^-≠v- D-]-tbmKn-®v- hm-Iv-kn-t\-j≥- ]-cn-]m-SnIƒ- \-S-Øp-∂p.K¿-Um-kn-en-s\-°p-dn-®v- (Izm{Un-h-e-‚ v- lyq-a≥- ]m-]n-tem-assh-d-kv- (ssS-]v- 6,- 11,- 16,- 18)- hmIv-kn≥-).Izm-{Un-h-e-‚ v- hm-Iv-kn-\m-WvK¿-Um-kn¬.- B-dp- am-k-ß-fn-embn- aq-∂p- tUm-kp-I-fn¬- t]-inIƒ-°p- ≈n-te-bv-°p- \-ev-Ip-∂- IpØn-h-bv-]m-Wn-Xv.K¿-Um-kn¬- hm-Iv-kn≥- (Izm{Un-h-e-‚ v- lyq-a≥- ]m-]n-tem-assh-d-kv- (ssS-]v- 6,- 11,- 16,- 18)- hm-

Iv-kn≥-)- lyq-a≥- ]m-∏n-tem-a-sshd-kv- (F-®v-]n-hn-)- ssS-]v-kv- 6,- 11,16,- 18 F-∂n-h- aq-e-ap-≠m-Ip-∂tcm-K-߃- X-S-bp-∂-Xn-\m-bn- H≥]-Xp- ap-X¬- 26 h-b-kv- h-sc- {]mb-Øn-ep-≈- s]-¨-Ip-´n-Iƒ-°pwkv-{Xo-Iƒ-°p-am-bn- \n¿-t±-in-°s∏-´n-´p-≈-Xm-Wv.# sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k¿# P-\n-‰¬- hm¿-´p-Iƒ- (tIm≠n-tem-a- A-Iyq-an-t\-‰-)- Iq-Sm-sXIm≥-k-dn-\p- Im-c-W-am-tb-°m-hp∂- A-s√-¶n¬- Un-kv-πm-Ãn-Iv- eoj-\p-Iƒ-:# sk¿-hn-°¬- C≥-{Sm-F-∏nØo-en-b¬- eo-j≥- (kn-sF-F≥1)- t{K-Uv- 1 # sk¿-hn-°¬- A-Un-t\m-Im¿-

F-∂- t]-cn¬- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂B- t Km- f - K- t h- j - W m- S n- ÿ m- \ Øn¬- {]- h ¿- Ø n- ° p- ∂ - ^m¿- a kyq- ´ n- ° ¬- I- º - \ n- b m- W v.1891˛¬- B-cw-`n-®- sa¿-°v- B≥Uv- I-º-\n- 20 sX-dm-]yq-´n-Iv- hn`m-K-ß-fn-em-bn- hn-hn-[- hm-Iv-kn\p-If - pw- a-cp-∂p-If - pw- \n¿-an-°p-∂p.a-cp-∂v- ]-c-am-h-[n- t]-cn¬- F-Øp∂-Xn-\m-bn- sa¿-°v- B≥-Uv- I-º\n- a-cp-∂p-Iƒ- ku-P-\y-am-bn- \ev-Ip-I-bpw- B-h-iy-ap-≈-h¿-°v- acp-∂v- F-Øn-®p- \-ev-Ip-∂-Xn-\v- klm-bn-°p-I-bpw- sN-øp-∂p.- em-t`—-bn-√m-sX- sa¿-°v- B≥-Uv- I-º\n- B-tcm-Ky-hn-h-c-߃- {]-kn-≤oI-cn-°p-I-bpw- sN-øm-dp-≠v.sa¿-°v- B≥-Uv- I-º-\n-bp-sSC- ¥ y≥- k- _ v - k n- U n- b - d n- b m- b Fw-F-kv-Un- ^m¿-a-kyq-´n-°¬-kvss{]-h-‰v- en-an-‰-Uv- (Fw-F-kv-UnC-¥y-)- 2005˛¬- \n-e-hn¬- h-∂p.C-¥y-bv-°v- tbm-Pn-°p-∂- an-I-®D-Xv-]-∂- ߃- \n¿-an-°p-∂-Xn-emWv- I-º-\n-bp-sS- {]-[m-\- {i-≤.{In-´n-°¬- G-cn-b,- Im¿-Un-tbmhm-kv-Ip-e¿- Un-ko-k-kv,- sa-‰mt_m-fn-Iv-kv,- hm-Iv-kn≥- F-∂n-ßs\- \m-ep- ta-J-e-I-fn-em-Wv- FwF-kv-Un- C-¥y- km-∂n-[yw- D-d∏m-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv.an-I-®- D-Xv-]-∂-߃- hn-]-W\w- sN-øp-∂-Xn-\p-≈- sk-bn¬kv,- am¿-°-‰nw-Kv- kw-hn-[m-\-Øns\m-∏w- C-¥y-bn-se- {]-ap-J- Bip-]-{Xn-Iƒ,- k¿-h-I-em-im-e-IƒF- ∂ n- h - b p- a m- b n- tN¿- ∂ v - ¢n- \ n°¬- K-th-j- W-]-≤-Xn-I-fpw- \S-Øp-∂p.- C-¥y≥- Iu-¨-kn¬-

F®v ]n hn km[m-cW sshdkv; Ak-l-\ob A¿_pZw sk

¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k-dn\p- Im-c-W-am-Ip-∂- lyq-a≥- ]m∏n-tem-a- ssh-d-kv- (F-®v-]n-hn-)km-[m-c-W-am-b- H-cp- ssh-d-kmWv.- \q-dn-te-sd- X-cØ - n-ep-≈- F®v] - n-hn-If - p-≠v.- A-Xn¬- an-°X - pwXm-cX - t- ay-\- \n-cp-]{- Z-hI - c- a- m-Wv.A-h- F-s¥-¶n-epw- Im-W-Ø-°e-£W - ß - ƒ- Im-Wn-°m-dn-√.- AXp- Xm-t\- t]m-Ip-Ib - pw- sN-øpw.A-Xn¬- G-I-tZ-iw- 30 F-Æ-amWv- kv-{Xo-I-fp-tS-bpw- ]p-cp-j-∑mcp-tS-bpw- D-Xv-]m-Z-t\-{µn-b- {]-tZi-ßs- f- _m-[n-°p-∂X - v.- sk¿-hn°¬- Im≥-kd- n-\v- F-Xn-tc-bp-≈K¿-Um-kn¬- hm-Iv-kn≥- ip-`-{]Xo-£- \-ev-Ip-∂p.\m-ep- h¿-K-Øn-ep-≈- lyqa≥- ]m-∏n-tem-a- ssh-dk - p-Iƒ-°vF-Xn-tc-bp-≈- K¿-Um-kn¬- hmIv-kn≥- aq-∂p- tUm-kv- \-ev-Inbm¬- kw-c-£-Ww- Po-hn-X-Imew- ap-gp-h≥- e-`y-am-Ip-sa-∂m-Wv{]-Xo-£..- F-∂m¬- A-©p- h¿j-tØ-°m-Wv- ^-ew- \n-e-\n-ev°p-I-sb-∂m-Wv- \n-e-hn-ep-≈kq-N-\.- H≥-]-Xp- h-b-kn-\p- Xmsg-bp-≈-Xpw- 26 h-b-kn-\v- ap-Ifn-ep-≈X - p-am-b- kv{- Xo-Iƒ-°v- hmIv-kn≥- \-ev-In-√.- A-Xp-t]m-se]p-cp-j-∑m¿-°p-an-√.- 2006 PqWn¬- bp.-F-kv.-F-bn-em-Wv- hmIvk - n-s‚- Xp-S° - w.- s]-s´-∂v- temI-sa-ºm-Spw- hym-]n-®p.-

tUm.-Ir-jW v ≥ \mb¿

tUm.- Po-k¨

ARvP\ \mcm-b≥

tem-I-sa-ºm-Sp-am-bn- G-I-tZiw- 630 Z-i-e-£w- t]¿-°v- C-Øcw- Im≥-k¿- _m-[n-®n-´p-≠.v - ssewKn-I-am-bn- k-Pn-h-am-b- ]-Ip-Xntbm-fw- kv-{Xo-]p-cp-j-∑m-cn¬- F®v-]n-hn- _m-[-bp-≠m-Imw.- `q-cn-]£w- kv{- Xo-If - n-epw,- A-Xm-bX - v- 80 i-X-am-\-tØm-fw,- A≥-]-Xp- h-bkn-em-Wv- ssh-d-kv- _m-[-bp-≠mIp-∂-Xv.- 18 ap-X¬- 28 h-b-kp-hsc- b p- ≈ - h - c p- s S- b n- S - b n¬- Ct∏mƒ- km-[m-c-W-am-Wv.- ]-e- F®v-]n-hn- _m-[-Iƒ-°pw- em-©-\I-tfm- e-£-W-ß-tfm- Im-W-W-

sa-∂n-√.- F-∂m¬- Im-WØ - ° - A-cn-ºm-dt- bm- (hm¿-Sk -v )-v - a-t‰m- C√m-Øt- ∏mƒ- X-s∂- ssh-dk - -v ]-Icp-Ib - p-am-Imw.- i-co-cØ - n-‚- kzm-`mhn-I- tcm-K{- ]-Xn-tcm-[- {]-Xn-Ic- W - Øn-s‚- ^-ea- m-bn- an-°- F-®] -v n-hn_m-[I - f - pw- kz-bw- am-dm-dp-ap-≠.v F-I- ]-Xn-Xz-˛] - X - \ v- n-Xz- ssewKn-I- _-‘-Øn¬- am-{Xw- G¿-s∏´m¬- ssh-d-kv- _m-[-bp-sS- km[y-X- Ip-d-bv-°mw.- ssh-d-kv- _m[n-X-cp-am-bn- ssew-Kn-I- _-‘w]p-e¿-Øm-Xn-cp-∂m¬- _m-[- I-gnh-Xpw- H-gn-hm-°mw.- ]m-]v- kv-{Io-

\nw-Kv- sS-Ãv- \-S-Øn-bm-te- tcm-K_m-[- ÿn-co-I-cn-°m-\m-Iq.Xn-I-®pw- A-k-l-\o-b-am-btcm-K-ß-fn¬- H-∂m-Wv- sk¿-hn°¬- Im≥-k¿- F-∂v- Xn-cp-h\ - ¥ - ]p-cw- F-kv-bp-Sn- C≥-Ãn-‰yq-´v- Hm^v- l-b¿- kv-s]-jym-en-‰o-kv- aoUn-b- Hm-t¶m-fP - n- ko-\n-b¿- I-¨kƒ-´‚ - v- tUm.-Ir-jvW - ≥- \m-b¿.c-l-ky-`m-K-ß-fn-ep-≈- th-Z-\bpw- ]-gp-∏pw- H-en-∏pw- tcm-Kn-sbs]-s´-∂v- am-\-kn-I-am-bpw- X-f¿Øpw.- sk¿-hn-°¬- Iq-Sm-sX- hmPn-\¬,- hƒ-h¿- Im≥-k-dp-I-fpw-

≠m-Im-hp-∂- P-\n-‰¬- hm¿-´p-Iƒs°-Xn-tc- 99 i-X-am-\w- ^-e-{]-Zam-sW-∂v- sX-fn-™p.- tem-I-saßpw- 90 i-X-am-\w- P-\n-‰¬- hm¿´p-Iƒ-°pw- Im-c-W-am-Ip-∂-Xv- Cuc-≠p- X-cw- hm-Iv-kn-\p-I-fm-Wv.- C¥y-bn¬- Cu- tcm-Km-h-ÿ- F-√mh¿-j-hpw- h¿-[n-®p- h-cn-I-bm-Wv.K¿-Um-kn¬- hm-Iv-kn≥- G-sd- {]Xo-£-\-ev-Ip-∂- ap-t∂-‰-am-sW-∂vtUm.- \o-c-P- ]-d-™p.- F-∂m¬tUm-Iv-S-sd- Im-Wp-I-bpw- sk¿-hn°¬- Im≥-k-dn-\pw- a-‰p- Im≥-kdp-Iƒ-°p-sa-Xn-tc- ]-cn-tim-[-\- \S-tØ-≠-Xpw- B-h-iy-am-sW-∂-Xv-

sf- kp-c-£n-X-am-bn- Im-Øp-kq£n-°p-∂-Xn-\pw- Cu- Xo-cp-am-\wh-gn-sX-fn-°p-sa-∂pw- tUm.- Awt_-Zv-I¿- ]-d-™p.- sk¿-hn-°¬Im≥-k-dn-s\-°p-dn-®pw- F-®v-]n-hnbp-sS- ]-¶n-s\-°p-dn-®pw- am-Xm-]nXm-°ƒ-°v- Iu-¨-k-enw-Kv- \-ev-Imdp-s≠-∂v- A-t±-lw- ]-d-™p.C-¥y≥- A-°m-Z-an- Hm-^v- ]oUn-bm-{Sn-Iv- I-Ωn-‰n- Hm-^v- C-ayqssW- t k- j ≥- (sF- F - ] n- k n- H sF-)- 2008 ip-]m¿-i.- Cu- hm-Ivkn-\v- ln-X-I-c-am-b- tSm-f-dn-_n-en‰n- s{]m-ss^¬- D-≠v,- te-_¬A-\p-k-cn-®v- F-√m- kv-{Xo-Iƒ-°pw-

Im≥-k¿- I-s≠-Øp-∂p.- tem-Isa-ßpw- Cu- tcm-K-ap-≈-h-cp-sS- 25 i-X-am-\-Øn¬- A-[n-Iw- h-cp-an-Xv.ÿn-c-am-b- ]-cn-tim-[-\-bpwhm-Iv-kn-t\-j-\p-am-Wv- sk¿-hn°¬- Im≥-k¿- X-S-bm-\p-f-f- am¿Kw.- bp- F-kv,- Im-\-U,- Hm-kv-t{Sen-b,- hn-hn-[- bq-tdm-]y≥- bq-Wnb≥- Aw-K-cm-Py-߃- Xp-S-ßn-bh- bu-h-\m- cw-`-Øn-\v- ap-tº- s]¨-Ip-´n-Iƒ-°pw- bp-h-Xn-Iƒ-°pwF- ® v - ] n- h n- hm- I v - k n- t \- j ≥- in]m¿-i- sN-øp-∂p.- bp-F-kv,- Hm-kvt{S-en-b,- P¿-Ω-\n,- {^m≥-kv,- kzoU≥,- C-‰-en- F-∂n-ß-s\-bp-f-f-

kn-t\m-a- C≥- kn-‰p- (F-sF-Fk - )-v # sk¿-hn-°¬- C≥-{Sm-F-∏nØo-en-b¬- \n-tbm-πm-kn-b- (knsF-F-\v- 2,-3)- t{K-Uv- 2,- t{K-Uv- 3 # hƒ-hm¿- C≥-{Sm-F-∏n-Øoen-b¬- \n-tbm-πm-kn-b- (hn-sFF≥- 2,-3)- t{K-Uv- 2,- 3 # h- s sP- \ ¬- C≥- { Sm- F - ∏ nØo- e n- b ¬- \n- t bm- π m- k n- b (hm¬-F≥- 2,-3)- t{K-Uv- 2,-3 A-ta-cn-°-bn-se- \yq-P-gv-knssh-‰v- tÃ-j-\n-se- sa¿-°v- B≥Uv- I-º-\n- C≥-tIm¿-∏-td-‰-Uv- hnhn-[- cm-Py-ß-fn¬- sa¿-°v- jm¿∏v- B≥-Uv- tUmw- (Fw-F-kv-Un-)-

Im-Wp-∂p-≠v.- en-h¿- Im≥-k-dn\p- am-{X-ta- \n-e-hn¬- hm-Iv-knt\-j≥- D-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-≈p.s]-¨-Ip-´n-Iƒ-°v- sk¿-hn°¬- Im≥-k¿- h-cm-Xn-cn-°m≥Iu-am-c-{]m-b-Øn¬- X-s∂- hmIvk - n≥- F-Sp-°p-∂X - v- D-]I - m-c{- ]Z-am-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂v- F-d-Wm-Ip-fwtUm.- Ip-™m-eq-kv- tlm-kv-]n‰¬- ]o-Un-bm-{Sn-Iv-kv- ko-\n-b¿I-¨k - ƒ-´‚ - v- tUm.-Po-k¨ - .- \mev] - X - p- h-bk - n-\p- ap-If - n-ep-≈- kv{Xo-Iƒ- Im≥-k¿- ]-cn-tim-[-\\-SØ - p-∂X - v- io-ea- m-°n-bm¬- XpS-°-Øn-te- Nn-In-’n-°mw.- tIc-fØ - n¬- tUm-ISv- ¿-am-cp-sS- `m-cyam¿- t]m-epw- km-[m-cW - - ]-cn-tim[-\- \-S-Øm-dn-√- F-∂-Xv- tJ-ZI-ca- m-W.v sk¿-hn-°¬- Im≥-k-dn-\vF-Xn-tc-bp-≈- K¿-Um-kn¬- hmIv-kn≥- C-t∏mƒ- 108 cm-Py-ßfn¬- e-`y-am-sW-∂v- Fw-Fk - U v- n^m¿-a-kyq-´n-°¬-kv- ss{]-h-‰ven-an-‰-Uv- hm-Iv-kn≥- B≥-Uv- dkv-]n-td-‰-dn- _n-kn-\-kv- bq-Wn‰v- U-b-d-Iv-S¿- A-Rv-P-\- \m-cmb≥.- hm-Iv-kn-s‚- hn-e- Ip-d-bv°m≥- k-_v-kn-Un- \-ev-Im-\pwhym-]I - a- m-bn- hm-Ik v- n-t\-j≥- \S-Øm-\pw- tI-{µ- k¿-°m-cm-W-v apt∂m-´p- h-tc-≠-Xv.- Ip-´n-I-fn¬Cu- hm-Ivk - n-t\-j≥- \n¿-_‘ - nX-am-°W - w.Hm-^v- sa-Un-°¬- dn-k¿-®p-am-bntN¿-∂v- sk¿-hn- °¬- Im≥-kn¬hm-Iv-kn≥- C-¥y≥- s]m-Xp-ta-Je-bn¬- Ip-d-™- \n-c-°n¬- e-`yam-°m≥- Fw-F-kv-Un- C-¥y- {]h¿-Øn-°p-∂p.- \n-e-hn¬- Fw-Fkv-Un- C-¥y-bv-°p-th-≠n- 650 {]^-j-W-\p-Iƒ- tPm-en- sN-øp-∂p.hn-em-kw-:- Fw-F-kv-Un- ^m¿a-kyq-´n-°¬-kv- ss{]-h-‰v- en-an-‰Uv,- kn-Iv-kv-X-v B≥-Uv- sk-h≥Xv- ^v-tfm¿,- S-h¿- _n,- hm-Sn-I- Sth-gv-kv,- sk-Iv-S¿- 54,- Kp¿-Km-thm¨-˛122002,- C-¥y.- ssh-_v-ssk‰v-:- www.msd.in


Im-gv-N-

2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14

7

"th-\¬- a-c-'-Øn¬tkm-\- ]p-Xn-b- tdm-fn¬•m

Ip-´n-{km-¶n-\p- ]p-dt- Ikv{- Xo-Iƒjm-

Pn- F≥.- I-cp-¨- kw-hn-[m-\w- sN-øp-∂- Ip-´n-{km-¶vF-∂- Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- c-≠mw- L-´- Nn-{Xo-Ic - W - w- N-hd- b - n-epw- ]-cnk-cß - f - n-ep-am-bn- ]q¿-Øn-bm-bn.- dn-eb - ≥-kn-s‚- a-eb - m-fØ - n-sekw-cw-`a- m-Wn-X.v a-Ωq-´n- \m-bI - \ - m-Ip-∂- Cu- Nn-{X-Øn¬- aq-∂v- \m-bn-Ia- m-cmWv- D-≈X - v.- I-am-en-\n- ap-J¿-Pn,- ao-\m-Ip-am-cn,- ]-fl{- ]n-b- F-∂n-hcm-W-v \m-bn-Ia- m¿.- A-dp-]X - p-If - n¬- \-S° - p-∂- I-Yb - m-W-v Cu- Nn{X-Øn-\m-[m-cw.- H-cp- h¿-jØ - n-se- aq-∂-v k-ab - ß - f - n-em-bm-W-v Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- I-Y- \-S° - p-∂X - .v - B-e∏ - pg,- sIm-√w- F-∂n-hn-Sß - f - n-em-bm-W-v Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- jq-´nw-K-v \-S∂ - Xv.- A-dp-]X - p-If - n-se- Im-eL - ´- w- Cu- Nn-{X-Øn-\m-bn- ho-≠pw- ]p\x-cm-hn-jI -v c- n-°p-Ib - m-W-v jm-Pn- F≥- I-cp-Wpw- kw-Lh - pw.]-e- Zp-cm-Nm-cß - s - f-bpw- Cu- Nn-{X-Øn¬- \n-in-Xa- m-bn- hn-a¿in-°p-∂p-≠.v - kv{- Xo-IY - m-]m-{X-߃-°-v ap≥-Xq-°w- \¬-Ip-∂X - pwe-fn-Xa- m-bn- I-Y] - d- ™ p- t]m-Ip-∂X - p-am-W-v Cu- Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- {]tXy-IX - I - ƒ.t_m-´-v ss{U-hd- m-bX - n-\m-em-W-v Ip-´n-{km-¶n-\-v A-ßs - \- t]cp-ho-WX - .v - X-s‚- bm-{X-°n-Sb - n¬- A-bmƒ- ]-eÿ - e - ß - f - n¬- Xma-kn-°p-∂p.- ]-e- I-Ym-]m-{X-ßf - pw- C-bm-fp-sS- Po-hn-XØ - n-te-°-v F-Øn-t®-cp-∂p.- A-ßs - \-bm-W-v ]-e- {]-tZ-iß - f - n¬- Xm-ak - n-°p∂- aq-∂-v kv{- Xo-Iƒ- C-bm-fp-sS- Po-hn-XØ - n-te-°-v F-Øp-∂X - .v - F∂m¬- {km-¶n-s‚- Po-hn-Xw- F-t∏m-gpw- Zp-cq-la- m-bn-cp-∂p.- A-bmƒB-tcm-Spw- A-[n-Iw- kw-km-cn-®n-cp-∂n-√.- ]-et- ∏m-gpw- A-¥¿-ap-J\m-bn-´m-bn-cp-∂p- s]-cp-am-dn-bn-cp-∂X - .v s]-ta-W,- Im-fn,- tc-hΩ - - F-∂o- I-Ym-]m-{X-ßf - m-Wv- {km-¶ns‚- Po-hn-XØ - n-te-°v- F-Øp-∂- kv{- Xo-IY - m-]m-{X-߃.- s]-taW-sb- I-am-en-\n- ap-J¿-Pn-bpw,- Im-fn-sb- ao-\m-Ip-am-cn-bpw,- tc-hΩ-sb- ]-fl{- ]n-bb - pw- A-hX - c - n-∏n-°p-∂p.- C-h¿- hy-Xy-kvX - a- m-bco-Xn-If - n¬- {km-¶n-s\- t\m-°n-°m-Wp-∂n-SØ - p- \n-∂m-Wv- I-Ybp-sS- Xp-S° - w.- ]n-s∂- C-h¿- {km-¶n-s\-°p-dn-®v- ]-db - p-∂- Im-gN v- ∏m-Sp-If - n-eq-sS-bm-Wv- Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- I-Y- ]-d™ p- t]m-Ip-∂X - v.kp-tc-jv- Ir-jvW - ,- kn-±n-Jv,- tPm-Wn,- cm-Po-hv- I-fa- t- i-cn,- IrjvW - ≥- F-∂n-hc- pw- Cu- Nn-{X-Øn-se- {]-[m-\- Xm-cß - f - m-W.v ]n.-F^ - -v am-Xyq-km-W-v Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- Xn-c° - Y - s- bm-cp-°p-∂X - .v k-t¥m-j-v in-hs- ‚- A-tkm-kn-tb-‰m-bn- {]-h¿-Øn-®n-cp-∂- A-⁄en-bm-W-v Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- Om-bm-{Km-ln-I.- I-em-kw-hn-[m-\w- kp-tcjv- sIm-√w- \n¿-hl - n-°p-∂p.- s{]m-U£ - ≥- I-¨t- {Sm-f¿- ˛- A-tcma- tam-l≥.-

- \m-bn-I- tkm-\- B- A-Ωp- F-∂- s]-¨I a¿- p-´n-sb-bm-bn- e-Xpw- sN-øp-s∂-¶n-epw- A-ΩpZy-am-bn- s\-K‰- o-h-v th-jØ - n¬- F- cp-∂p- C-jS-v w.- A-Ωp-hn-s‚- kvt- \- hm-k-h-s\- C-jv-S-s∏-´n-cp-∂nØp-∂p.- th-\¬-ac- w- F-∂- Nn-{X- lw- ]n-Sn-s®-Sp-°m≥- hm-kh - ≥- ]- √.- A-hƒ-°v- X-s‚- {Km-aØ - n-seØn¬- ap-Øp-e-£v-an- F-∂- s\K-‰o-hv- I-Ym-]m-{X-sØ- A-hX - c- n∏n-®p-sIm-≠m-W-v tkm-\- ]p-Xn-btdm-fn¬- t{]-£I - ¿-°v- ap-ºn-seØp-∂X - .v \-∑- F-∂- Nn-{X-Øn-\p- tijw- i-in-Ip-am¿- \m-´I - w- \n¿-Ωn®v- tam-l\ - I - r-jvW - ≥- kw-hn-[m\w- sN-øp-∂- th-\¬-ac- w- tkm-\bp-sS- I-cn-b-dn-se- ]p-Xn-b- h-gnØn-cn-hm-Ip-sa-∂m-W-v I-cp-Xp-∂X - .v F-¨] - X - p-If - p-sS- {Km-am-¥c- o£-Øn-em-W-v th-\¬-ac- Ø - n-s‚I-Y- \-S° - p-∂X - .v - H-cp- Kp-≠m- kwL-Øn-s‚- t\-Xm-hm-W-v ap-Øp-e£va- n.- F-t∏m-gpw- B-⁄m-\p-h¿Øn-If - m-b- H-cp- Kp-≠m-kw-Lw- apØp-e£ - a-v n-°-v Np-‰pw- Im-Wpw.-Ah-cn¬- {]-[m-\n-bm-W-v hm-kh - ≥.F-´p- h¿-jw- ap-ºv- X-s‚- `¿-Ømhn-s\- i-{Xq-°ƒ- sh-´n-s°m-∂tXm-sS-bm-W-v ap-Øp-e£ - a-v n- Kp-≠bm-bn- am-dp-∂X - .v `¿-Øm-hn-s\- sIm-∂- i-{Xphn-s\- h¿-jß - ƒ-°v- ti-jw- hmk-hs- ‚- k-lm-bt- Øm-sS- ap-Øpe-£a-v n- sh-´n-s°m-√p-∂p.- X-s∂k-lm-bn-®- hm-kh - t- \m-Sv- ap-Øpe-£av- n-°v- {]-Wb - w- tXm-∂p-∂p.F-∂m¬- hm-kh - ≥- H-cn-°e - pw- apØp-e£ - a-v n-sb- A-Øc- Ø - n¬- I≠n-cp-∂n-√.hm-kh - \ - -v X-s‚- {Km-aØ - n-se-

X-e-ap-d-Iƒ- X-Ωn-ep-≈- A-I-ew- a-I-s‚- A-—-\n¬X-

ea- p-dI - ƒ- X-Ωn-ep-≈- A-Ie - w- H-cp- A—-s‚-bpw- a-I‚ - b - pw- Po-hn-XØ - n-eq-sS- A-hX-cn-∏n-°p-Ib - m-Wv- kw-hn-[m-bI - ≥- hn.-Fw.hn-\p.- a-Is - ‚- A-—≥- F-∂- Nn-{X-Øn-eq-sS{io-\n-hm-k\ - pw- hn-\o-X-v {io-\n-hm-k\ - pw- sh≈n-Øn-cb - n¬B-Zy-am-bn- H-∂n-°p-Ib - pw- sN-øp-∂p.- Nn{X-Øn-s‚- {]-[m-\- ssl-sse-‰pw- C-h¿- XΩn-ep-≈- tIm-ºn-t\-j\ - m-W.v hn-t√-P-v Hm-^o-kd- m-b- hn-iz-\m-Ys - \-bmWv- {io-\n-hm-k≥- Nn-{X-Øn¬- A-h-X-cn-∏n°p-∂X - v.- hn-iz-\m-Ys - ‚- a-I\ - pw- tIm-fP - v- hnZym¿-Yn-bp-am-b- a-\p- F-∂- I-Ym-]m-{X-sØhn-\o-X-v {io-\n-hm-k≥- A-hX - c- n-∏n-°p-∂p.Im-ew- ]p-tcm-Ka- n-°p-tºmƒ- B- ]p-tcmK-Xn-bp-sS- `m-Ka- m-Ip-Ib - m-W-v a-\p- F-∂- sNdp-∏° - m-c≥.- A-Xn-\n-Sb - n¬- ]-et- ∏m-gpw- ]mc-ºc- y-hpw- _-‘ß - f - pw- aq-ey-ßf - pw- Dƒ-s°m≈m≥- a-\p-hn-\-v I-gn-bp-∂n-√.- h-fs - c- th-KX - tb-dn-bX - m-bn-cp-∂p- A-hs - ‚- Po-hn-Xw.- A-Xn\n-Sb - n¬- ]n-¥n-cn-™p- \-S° - p-∂h - ¿- a-\p-hns‚- Im-gv-N-∏m-Sn¬- ]-g-a-°m-cm-Wv.- ]p-Xn-b-

{Km-a-`w-Kn-bp-am-bn{Km-

aØ - n-s‚- `w-Kn-bpw- \¿Ω-hpw- Iq-´n-bn-W° - n- ho-≠p-samcp- P-bd- mw- Nn-{X-sam-cp-ßp-∂p.- "k-ak - vX - - tI-cf - w- ]n.-H'- .- _n-]n≥{]-`m-I¿- kw-hn-[m-\w- sN-øp-∂Cu- Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- Xn-c° - Y - s - bmcp-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv- P-b-dm-an-s‚ln-‰-v Nn-{X-am-b- "-sh-dp-sX- H-cp- `mcy-'- bp-sS- Xn-c° - Y - m-Ir-Øv- Kn-cojv- Ip-am-dm-Wv.- Ip-Spw-_- t{]-£I¿- F-∂pw- Im-Wm≥- B-{K-ln-°p∂- P-b-dm-an-s‚- X-\-Xv- lm-kyhpw,- am-\d- n-kß - f - p-sa-√mw- H-cp-an∏n-®-v X-s∂-bm-W-v k-ak - X -v - tI-cfw- H-cp-ßp-∂-sX-∂p- A-Wn-b-d°m¿- kq-Nn-∏n-°p-∂p.Im-°n,- h-¨-th- Sn-°-‰v- F∂o- Nn-{X-߃-°-v ti-jw- _n-]n≥{]-`m-I¿- kw-hn-[m-\w- sN-øp-∂Nn-{X-am-Wv- k-ak - X v- - tI-cf - w- ]n.H.- km-aq-ln-I- {]-k‡ - n-bp-≈- hnj-bß - ƒ- \¿-ΩØ - n-s‚- ]n≥-_e-tØm-sS- Ip-Spw-_- ]-›m-Øe - Øn¬- A-h-X-cn-∏n-°p-I-bm-WnXn¬.-

tXm-\-°-c- ]-©m-b-Øn-sehm¿-U-v sa-ºd- m-W-v {]-`m-Ic- ≥.- XnI-™- Km-‘n-b≥- Iq-Sn-bm-W-v {]`m-Ic- ≥.- F-√mw- k-Xy-k‘ - a- m-bnsN-øW - w- F-∂v- B-{K-ln-°p-∂bmƒ.- F-√m- Im-cy-ßf - n-epw- kpXm-cy-X- th-W-sa-∂v- {]-`m-I-c-\v\n¿-_‘ - a- m-W.v - F-√m- sX-cs- ™Sp-∏p-I-fn-epw- {]-`m-I-c≥- X-s‚hm¿-Un¬- \n-∂pw- a-’c- n-°pw.- F∂m¬- H-cp- ]m¿-´n-bp-sS-bpw- ]n≥_-ea- n-√m-Ø- {]-`m-Ic - ≥- tXm¬°p-Ib - m-W-v ]-Xn-h.v - C-ßs- \-sbms°-bm-Wv- {]-`m-Ic - s - ‚- kz-`m-hhpw- co-Xn-If - pw.F-∂m¬- kn-\n-a- B-cw-`n-°p∂-X-v {]-`m-Ic- s- ‚- hn-Pb - t- Øm-sSbm-Wv.- ]-e- X-h-W- a-’-cn-®vtXm¬-hn- G-‰p-hm-ßn-b- {]-`m-Ic≥- H-cp- X-h-W- P-bn-°p-∂p.- CtXm-sS- A-bmƒ- k-aq-lt- Øm-Sp≈- X-s‚- D-Øc- h - m-Zn-Xz-Øn¬- H∂p-Iq-Sn- Pm-Kc- q-I\ - m-Ip-Ib - m-W.v - ]s£- C-X-v `-cW - ] - £ - Ø - n-\pw- {]Xn-]£ - Ø - n-\pw- Xo-sc- C-jS-v s - ∏-

_-[n-c\ - pw- aq-I\ - p-am-b- hn-\m-bI - t\m-Sm-bn-cp-∂p- C-jvS- w.- hn-\m-bI-\pw- A-Ωp-hn-s\- C-jv-S-am-bncp-∂p.I-fn-°q-´p-Im-cm-b- C-h-cp-sS{]-Wb - w- X-I¿-°m≥- hm-kh - ≥- ]e- X-{¥-ß-fpw- ]-b-‰p-∂p.- F∂m¬- A-sXm-∂pw- hn-Pb - n-°p-∂n√.- F-∂m¬- hm-k-h-s\- kz-¥am-°m≥- ap-Øp-e£ - a-v n- {i-aß - f - mcw-`n-°p-∂t- Xm-sS- I-Y- a-s‰m-cp- Xe-Øn-te-°v- am-dp-Ib - m-Wv.- ]m-e°m-S≥- {Km-a-Øn-se- X-an-gv- kwkvI - m-ca- p-≈- tN-cn-If - n-em-Wv- Nn{X-Øn-s‚- I-Y\ - S- ° - p-∂X - .v _m-e,- sIm-®n≥- l-\o-^,- kpcm-Pv- sh-™m-d-aq-Sv,- am-f,- am-apt°m-b,- C-{µ≥-kv,- A-\q-]v- N{µ≥,- tIm-´b - w- \-ko¿,- k¿-∆P - nØv,- A-\n-b∏ - ≥,- e-£W - ,- tkm\,- k-Xy-{]n-b,- tkm-\m-\m-b¿,- an\n- A-cp-¨,- im-¥I - p-am-cn- Xp-Sß - nb-h¿- A-`n-\b - n-°p-∂p.F-kv.-sI- F-‚¿-sS-bn-‚ v-sa‚n-s‚- _m-\-dn¬- \n¿-Ωn-°p-∂Nn-{X-Øn-s‚- Xn-c° - Y - s- bm-cp-°p∂-Xpw- tam-l\ - I - r-jW -v \ - m-W.v - FIvk - n-Iyp-´o-hv- s{]m-Uyq-k¿- ˛- \k-dp-±o≥,- Im-ad- - ˛- km-ZØ - ,v - Km-\߃- ˛- tPm-^n- X-c-I≥,- h¿-Kokv- ]m-d-°-S-hv,- kw-Ko-Xw- ˛- cmwkp-tc-{µ≥,- F-Un-‰nw-Kv- ˛- k-ÆntP-°_ - ,v - I-e- ˛- a-tl-j-v {io-[¿,s{]m-U£ - ≥- I-¨t- {Sm-f¿- ˛- kp\n¿- t]-´,- kw-L´- \ - w- ˛- d-¨c- h - n,Ãn¬-kv- ˛- tam-l≥-kp-c`- n.-

tem-IØ - n-t\m-Sv- C-Wß - n-t®-cp-hm≥- A-h¿°v- k-ab - w- th-≠n- h-cpw.- A-s√-¶n¬- A-Xpƒs°m-≈m≥- I-gn-™p- F-∂p- h-cn-√.- A-hnsS- Nn-et- ∏mƒ- s]m-cp-Øt- °-Sp-Iƒ- kw-`h - n-

°mw.- C-Ø-c-Øn-ep-≈- P-\-td-j≥- Kym-∏ns‚- I-Yb - m-W-v k-c  - a- m-bpw- lr-Zb - k - ] -v ¿-inbm-bpw- A-hX - c- n-∏n-°p-∂X - .v kp-lm-kn-\n-bm-Wv- Nn-{X-Øn-se- \m-bnI.- {io-{]-Im-in-s‚- kp¬-Øm-\n¬- \m-bn-Ibm-bn- A-ct- ß-dn-b- h-cZ- b - m-Wv- a-s‰m-cp- {][m-\- I-Ym-]m-{X-sØ- A-hX - c - n-∏n-°p-∂X - v.Xn-eI - ≥,- P-KX - n,- k-enw-Ip-am¿,- P-\m¿-±\ - ≥,A-KÃ - n≥,- {io-eX - F-∂n-h-cpw- Cu- Nn-{X-Øn-se- {]-[m-\Xm-cß - f - m-W.v kw-PØ - -v \m-cm-bW - \ - m-W-v Nn-{X-Øn-s‚c-N\ - - \n¿-hl - n-°p-∂X - v.- A-\n¬- ]-\® - q-cms‚- Km-\ß - ƒ-°-v Fw.-Pb - N - {- µ≥- Cu-Ww- ]I-cp-∂p.- a-t\m-Pv- ]n-≈b - m-Wv- Om-bm-{Km-lI≥.- F-Un-‰nw-K-v ˛- ]n.-kn- tam-l\ - ≥.- A-tkmkn-tb-‰-v U-bd- I - S-v ¿- ˛- k-Pn- ]-ch - q¿.- \n¿-ΩmW- \n¿-hl - W - w- ˛- hn-t\m-Zv- sjm¿-Æq¿.sk-h≥- B¿-´k v- n-s‚- _m-\d- n¬- Pn.-]n.hn-P-b-Ip-am¿- \n¿-Ωn-°p-∂- Cu- Nn-{X-Øns‚- Nn-{Xo-Ic - W - w- {]-[m-\a- m-bpw- ]m-e° - m´m-W.v -

"-k-a-kv-X- tI-c-fw- ]n.-H-'Sp-∂n-√.- F-¥n-epw- I-bd- n- C-Ss - ]Sp-∂- {]-`m-Ic- s- ‚- co-Xn-Iƒ- c-≠pIq-´¿-°pw- X-et- h-Z\ - b - m-Ip-∂p.{]-`m-Ic- s- ‚- ho-´n-se- H-cp- AwK-am-Wv- cm-[.- F-t∏m-gpw- A-[zm\n-°p-∂- H-cp- s]-¨-Ip-´n.- {]-`mI-c-\pw- A-Ω-bpw- cm-[-bpw- I-gnbp-∂- ho-´n-te-°v- H-cp- Zn-h-kwt_m-s_-bn-ep-≈- {]-`m-I-c-s‚A-Ωm-h\ - pw- a-If - pw- F-Øp-∂p.- F∂m¬- C-h¿- F-Øp-∂X - -v {]-`m-Ic-\-v Nn-e- {]-i\ -v ß - ƒ- kr-jS-v n-°pI-bpw- sN-øp-∂p.- `-cW - ] - £ - h - pw{]-Xn-]-£-hpw- F-√mw- {]-`m-I-cs\-Xn-sc- Xn-cn-bp-∂- H-cp- k-µ¿-`hpw- F-Øp-∂t- Xm-sS-bm-W-v I-Ybn¬- ]p-tcm-KX - n-bp-≠m-Ip-∂X - v.Xp-S¿-∂p-≠m-Ip-∂- kw-`h - ß - f - p-sSc-kI - c- a- m-b- B-hn-jI -v m-ca- m-W-v ka-kvX - t- I-cf - w.- k-aI - m-en-I- k-aqln-I- cm-j{-v So-b- hn-jb - ß - f - pw- Nn{X-Øn¬- N¿-®- sN-øp-∂p-≠v.- dnb¬- F-tÃ-‰-v am-^n-b- t]m-se-bp≈-h¿-s°-Xn-sc- sa-º¿- {]-`m-Ic≥- \-SØ - p-∂- H-‰b - mƒ- t]m-cm-´-

߃- Nn-{X-Øn-se- {]-[m-\- `m-Kß-fm-W.v "-k-a-kv-X-tI-c-fw- H-cp- {Km-aØn-s‚- I-Yb - m-Wv.- F-∂m¬- ]pXn-b- Im-eL - ´- Ø - n-se- {Km-aa- m-W-v tXm-\° - c - - ]-©m-bØ - v.- C-hn-sSNm-b° - S- I - ƒ-s°m-∏w- X-s∂- C‚¿-s\-‰v- I-t^-If - pw- D-≠v.- ]p-Xnb- Im-e-Øn-s‚- am-‰-ß-sf-√mwCu- {Km-aØ - n¬- F-Øn-t®¿-∂ncn-°p-∂p.- F-∂m¬- C-hn-sS-bp-≈{]-`m-Ic - s - \-t]m-se- ]-ec - pw- {Kma-Øn-s‚- \-∑I - ƒ- a-\k - n¬- kq£n-°p-∂-h-cm-Wv.- H-cp- Iq-´w- IYm-]m-{X-ßs - f- tI-{µo-Ic- n-®m-W-v kn-\n-a- ap-t∂m-´v- t]m-Ip-∂X - v.- H∏w- Ip-Spw-_- ]-›m-Øe - h - pw- Nn{X-Øn-\p-≠.v - C-t∏m-gs- Ø- km-aqln-I- cm-j{-v So-b- {]-i\ -v ß - f - pw- Nn{X-Øn-s‚- {]-ta-bØ - n-s‚- `m-Ka- mbn- h-cp-∂p.sh-dp-sX- H-cp- `m-cy- F-∂- Nn{X-Øn-\p- ti-jw- P-b-dmw- \m-bI-\m-Ip-∂- Nn-{Xw- Iq-Sn-bm-W-v ka-kX v- - tI-cf - w- ]n.-H.- sh-dp-sX- H-

cp- `m-cy-bn-se- kp-Kp-W≥- Ip-Spw_- t{]-£I - s - c- G-sd- B-I¿-jn®-t∏mƒ- k-a-kv-X- tI-c-f-hpw- e£yw- h-b° -v p-∂X - -v Ip-Spw-_- t{]£-Is- c- X-s∂-bm-W.v lm-ky-Øn-\v- ap≥-Xq-°w\¬-In- X-s∂-bm-Wv- Nn-{X-sam-cp°p-∂X - .v - G-sd- \m-bn-I- {]-[m-\yap-≈- Nn-{Xw- Iq-Sn-bm-Wv- k-a-kvX- tI-cf - w.- sh-bn¬- F-∂- Nn-{XØn-eq-sS- {i-t≤-bb - m-b- {]n-b¶ - bpw- ]p-Xp-ap-Jw- ssk-db - p-am-WvNn-{X-Øn-se- \m-bn-Ia- m¿.P-KX - n- {io-Ip-am¿,- C-∂s - k‚ v,- k-enw-Ip-am¿,- kp-cm-Pv- sh™m-d∑ - q-Sv,- P-\m¿-±\ - ≥,- in-hP - nKp-cp-hm-bq¿,- {]-tNm-Zv,- Ip-©≥,sI.-F-kv- jm-Pp,- ]n.-{io-Ip-am¿,_m-eN - {- µ≥- Np-≈n-°m-Sv,- Nn-{Xtj-Wm-bn,- ao-\- K-tW-jv,- an-\nA-cp-¨- Xp-Sß - n-bh - c- pw- A-`n-\b - n°p-∂p.{Uow Sow s{]mU£≥kn s‚ _m\dn¬ lufn t]m´qcm Wv Nn{Xw \n¿Ωn°p∂Xv.


cmyk

Im-bn-Iw-

8

2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14

^pSvk¬

]®-]n-Sn®p hcp∂ ]p-Ø≥- I-fnlr

Sz‚n 20 amXr-I-bn¬ sIm®n-bnepw ^pSvt_mƒ a’cw A

X - n-th-Kw- A-¥m-cm-j{-v SX-e-Øn¬- X-cw-Kw- kr-jv-Sn-®psIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂- Sz-‚ n- 20 ^p-Svt_m-fm-b- ^p-Sk -v ¬- a-’c- ß - ƒC-¥y-bn-ep-sa-Øp-∂p.- sIm-®n,sIm¬-°Ø - ,- apw-ss_,- P-b] -v q¿,_mw-•q¿- F-∂n-hn-Sß - f - n-em-W-v 45 Zn-hk - w- \o-fp-∂- Sq¿-Ws- a-‚ -v kwL-Sn-∏n-®n-´p-≈X - v.- ^p-Sk v- ¬- {^≠vk - n- F-∂d- n-bs - ∏-Sp-∂- Sq¿-Wsa-‚ n-s‚- kw-Lm-SI - ¿- bp-ssW‰-Uv- kv] - n-cn-‰k v- v- a-Is v- Um-h¬-kv\-º¿- h-¨- sk-en-t{_-j≥- kvt]m¿-Sk v- v- Kn-b¿- B-bn-cn-°pw.A-©p-t]-cm-W-v ^p-Sk -v e - n¬-

I-fn-°p-I.- C-Xn-sem-cmƒ- tKmƒIo-∏d- m-bn-cn-°pw.- km-[m-cW - - ^pSvt- _mƒ- {Ku-≠n-t\-°m-fpw- h-en∏w- Ip-d-hm-bn-cn-°pw- ^p-Sv-k¬{Ku-≠n-\v.- ]-¥pw- sN-dp-Xm-bn-cn°pw.- ^p-Svt- _m-fn-s‚-b{- X- _u¨-k-v C-Xn-\p-≠m-In-√.- t_mƒ- \nb-{¥-W-Øn-\pw- Ip-dn-b- ]m-kn\pw- {]m-[m-\yw- \¬-Ip-∂- I-fn°v- A-¥m-cm-j{-v S- X-eØ - n¬- h≥kzo-Ic- W - a- m-W-v e-`n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn°p-∂X - .v tam-l≥- _-Km≥- So-apw- sFFw- hn-P-b≥,- ss_-Np-Mv- _q-´nb,- tPm-kv- cm-an-sd-kv- s_-c-t‰mXp-S-ßn-b- Xm-c-ß-fpw- ]-s¶-Sp°p-sa-∂-Xm-Wv- ^p-Sv-k¬- {^≠vk - n- Sq¿-Ws - a-‚ n-s‚- k-hn-ti-

j-X.- B-Zy-]m-Z- a-’-c-߃-°pti- j w- ss^- \ - e n- s e- Ø p- ∂ Sow- sam-l≥-_-Km-\n-se- sX-cs™-Sp-°s- ∏-´- Xm-cß - f - p-am-bn-´mbn-cn-°pw- I-em-it- ∏m-cm-´Ø - n-\nd-ßp-I.- Un-kw-_¿- aq-∂mw- hm-cØn¬- sIm¬-°-Ø-bn-em-Wv-

ss^-\¬.tZ-io-b- X-eØ - n¬- 600 So-apIƒ- ]-s¶-Sp-°p-sa-∂-v I-cp-Xp-∂p.sIm-®n-bn¬- \-hw-_¿- 23˛-\m-Wva-’-c-߃.- tI-c-f-Øn¬- \n-∂v\q-tdm-fw- So-ap-Iƒ- ]-s¶-Sp-tØ°mw.- ¢zm-fn-ss^-bnw-K-v du-≠n¬B¿-°pw- a-’c- n-°mw.- F-{X-bpwIq-Sp-X¬- So-ap-Is- f- ]-s¶-Sp-∏n-°m\m-Wv- \o-°w.- H-tc- k-ab - Ø - v- ]e- tIm¿-´p-I-fn¬- a-’-cw- \-S-

C¥y≥- aÆn-epw- Ifn-hk¥w{In-°‰n¬- IÆw-\´n-cn-°p-∂ Im-bn-It{]an-Isf Hcp-\nan-jw- Nn-¥n-∏n-°p-∂ kw-`hhn-Im-kßfm-Wv- Cu-bn-sS-bp-≠mb-Xv.- sNkv,- t_m-Ivk - nw-Kv,- _m-Uva- n‚¨,- jq-´nw-Kv- tem-IIn-coShpw- C¥y-°v- CWßpw- F∂v- Ahsc t_m-[y-s∏Sp-Øp-∂ Btdgv- Zn-\cm-{X߃.hn-iz-\m-Y≥- B\µn-eq-sS tem-IsNkv- In-co-SØn-\p-]n-∂mse ssk\ t\hmƒ- F∂ lcn-bm-\°m-cn- P∏m-s‚ kbm-t°mkt\m-sb XI¿-Øv- tem-IPq-\n-b¿- _m-Uav- n‚¨- Nm-ºy≥-jn-

∏v- Ickv-Yam-°n-bXv,- djy-bp-sS {Kn-Kdn- \n-t°m-tfmbv- Np-°ns\ Io-gS°n- t\m-Iv-t]m- kv-t\m-knw-Kv- tem-I bq-Øv- t_m-Ivknw-K-v In-co-Sw t\Sn-bXv.- _o-Pnw-Kn¬- ]n-g® D∂w- _m-t¶m-°n¬ho-s≠Sp-Øv- tem-I dn-°m¿-tUm-sS KK≥- \cw-Kv- t\Sn-b kz¿Ww...- C¥y≥- P\Xbv-°v- Hcp- ssI°p-ºnƒ- \n-dsb Im-bnIt\´Øn-s‚ tdm-km-]p-j] -v ߃.- Ahscbpw- \ap-°-v t{]m-’mln-∏n-°mw.- Ah¿- Dbc߃- Io-gS°m-\m-bn- {]m¿-∞n-°mw.Ahcp-sS Ifn-Iƒ- Im-Wm-\m-bn- Snhn-Iƒ- Xp-d∂p-hbv° - mw.

Øpw.- Z-£n-tW-¥y-bn¬- sF.Fw.-hn-P-b-\pw- h-S-t°- C-¥ybn¬- Np-\n- tKm-kzm-an-bpw- a-’c-߃-°-v ta¬-t\m-´w- h-ln-°pw.cm-Py-sØ- ^p-Sv-t_mƒ- kok-¨- B-cw-`n-°m-\n-cn-s°- ]p-Xnb- t^m¿-am-‰-v h≥- P-\I - o-b{- i-≤-

t\-Sp-sa-∂v- a-Is v- Um-h¬-kv- sken-t{_-j≥- \n¿-am-Xm-°f - m-b- bpssW-‰-Uv- kv-]n-cn-‰v-kv- No-^v- Hm∏-td-‰n-Mv- Hm-^n-k¿- ]n.-F.-_n.k¿-Kp-W¿- Nq-≠n-°m-´n.- ^p-Svt_m-fn-s‚- h-f¿-®-bv-°m-bn- a-IvsUm-h¬- F-∂pw- {]-h¿-Øn-®n-´p≠v.- tam-l≥- _-Km≥- So-an-s‚- apJy-kt-v ]m-¨k - d- m-W-v ÿm-]\ - w.Cu-Ã-v _w-Km-fn-s‚- kvt- ]m-¨k - dm-W-v a-s‰m-cp- k-lÿ - m-]\ - a- m-b-

Inw-K^ -v n-j¿.a-Is-v Um-he - n-s‚- A-Xn-th-Kwh-f¿-∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂- {_m≥Up-I-fn-sem-∂m-b- sk-en-t{_j≥- d-Ωn-\v- I-gn-™- km-ºØ - nI- h¿-jw- 80 e-£w- sI-bk -v n-s‚hn¬-]\ - b - p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.- 1991˛¬-

A-h-Xc - n-∏n-°s - ∏-´- sk-en-t{_j≥- tem-I-Øn¬- G-‰-hp-a-[nIw- hn-‰g- n-°s- ∏-Sp-∂- \m-em-as- Ød-Ωm-W.v - A-©p-h¿-ja- m-bn- tem-IØv- {I-am-\p-KX - a- m-bn- h-f¿-∂p-sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂- A-©-v {]-ap-J- {_m≥Up-If - n-sem-∂m-Wv- sk-en-t{_j≥.- C-¥y-bn-se- G-‰h - pw- h-enb- F-^-v Fw- kn- Pn- I-º\ - n-bm-ba-Is v- Um-he - n-\v- 7600 tIm-Sn- cq-]bp-sS do-s´-bn¬ aq-ey-ap≠v.-

kz-amb coXn-bn-ep≈ ^pSvt_mƒ a’-c-amb ^pSvk¬ C¥y-bn¬ ]®-]n-Sn®v hcp-∂t- X-bp-≈p. hntZ-iß-fn¬ \S-°p∂ Bth-iI - c- a- mb ^pSvk¬ Ct∏mƒ ]e kvt]m¿Svkv Nm\-ep-Ifpw kwt{]-jWw sNøp-∂p-≠.v ^pSvt_m-fns‚ C≥tUm¿ cq]-amWv ^pSvk¬. C≥tUm¿ ^pSvt_mƒ F∂v A¿Yw hcp∂ t]m¿®p-Ko-k,v kv]m\njv hm°p-If - n¬ \n∂mWv t]cns‚ D¤-hw. 1930˛¬ Ddp-tKz-bn¬ Pphm≥ Im¿temkv skdn-bm-\nbmWv ^pSvk¬ {]tbm-KØ - n¬ hcp-Øn-bX - .v Ifn \nb-{¥n-°m≥ ^n^pk F∂ s^U-td-j≥ 1971-˛¬ cq]-hX - vIr-Xa- m-bn. 1982-˛evU kmh ]uf-bn¬ temI Nmºy≥jn∏v Ac-tßdn. a‰p t]cp-Iƒ F√mw Hgnhm°n 1985-˛¬ HutZym-Kn-Iambpw A¥m-cmjv{S Xe-Ønepw ^pSvk¬ F∂v t]cn-´p. km[m-cW C≥tUm¿ tIm¿´p-If - n-emWv tKmƒ Io∏¿ AS°w A©p t]c-Sß - nb Soap-Iƒ Ifn-°p∂ ^pSvk¬ a’-cw. GI-tZiw _mkv°‰v t_mƒ tIm¿´ns‚ hep∏w aXn. t_mfpw sNdp-XmWv D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂X - v. 3˛4 skkv.

amXyp tkhy¿ sF.-Fw.-hn-Pb - ≥ ]n®v Zo¿L-NX - p-ca- m-W.v 20 an\n‰v hoX-ap≈ c≠p L´ Ifnk-ab - w. s]\m¬‰n In°v Ds≠-¶n¬ kabw \ofmw. lm^v ssSw CS-thf 15 an\n‰v Ihn-bn-√. Ggv k_vÃn-‰yq-´v. X\nt°m FXn¿ Ifn-°m-ct\m A]-IS- I - c- a- mb B`-cß - ƒ AS°w H∂pw Ifn-°m-c≥ [cn-®p-Iq-Sm. tPgvkntbm j¿t´m [cn-®n-cn-°W - w. Im≥hmkv AYhm Pnw\m-ÃnIv jqhmWv [cn-t°-≠X - .v ^pSvk¬ a’-c-ß-fn-eqsS bphm-°ƒ°v Imbn-I-cwKØv Ign-hp-Iƒ {]I-Sn-∏n-°m≥ Ah-kc- s- am-cp-°p-Ib - mWv sNøp-∂-sX∂v bpssW-‰Uv kv]ncn‰vkv enan-‰Uv _nkn\kv slUv amXyp tkhy¿. Ifn BtLm-j-ambn am‰m\mWv {iaw. Ipd™ ka-b-Øn-\p-≈n¬ NSp-e-\o-°-ß-fp≈, IcpØpw Du¿Phpw Gsd Bh-iy-ap≈, Bth-iI - c- a- mb a’-ca- m-bn-cn°pw ^pSvk¬ F∂v Soap-Isf Hcp-°m≥ NpaX-es- ∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p≈ ap≥ C¥y≥ ^pSvt_mƒ Ifn-°m-c≥ sF.-Fw.-hn-Pb - ≥. Ifn-ÿe - Ø - n\v hep∏w Ipd-hm-sW-∂p≈Xv Hcp t]mcm-bav b - m-In-√. skh≥kv ^pSvt_m-fn¬ hnPb≥ [mcmfw Ifn-®n-´p-≠.v ]d-™p-tI-´Xv: ^pSvt_mƒ Xmc-amb sF.-Fw.-hn-Pb - t\mSv ]{X-°m-cpsS tNmZyw: aZy Iº\n BtLm-ja- mbn \S-Øp∂ Ifn-bn¬ I¨t{Smƒ t]mIptam? DØcw: \nßfpsS I¨t{Smtf t]mIp-Ib - p-ffp!

hn-izw- Pbn-® B\µvao-\m- £ - n-

Cu- A\p-`hw.- A\t‰m-bn- Im¿-thm-hvBbn-cp-∂p- A∂sØ FXn-cm-fn.-

N

Xp-cw-KØn-s‚ CXn-lm-kap-dßp∂ alm-"`m-cX'- aÆn¬- Hcp- Ncn-{Xw- cNn®n-cn-°p-Ibm-Wv- hn-iz-\m-Y≥- B\µv.sN n¬- ho-≠p-sam-cpw- tem-IIn-co-Sw.- c≠vZim-_Z-v am-bn- tem-IsN n¬- Icp-°ƒ- \o°n- ap-t∂dp-∂ B\µv- Cu- hn-PbtØmsS t\m-°u-´v,- du-≠v- tdm-_n≥,- am-®v-tπ F∂o- aq-∂-v XcØn-ep-≈ tem-INm-ºy≥jn-∏v- t\Sn-b A]q¿-h \£{Xw- F∂ Jym-Xn-bpw- kz-¥am-°n.hn-jn- F∂p- hn-fn-t∏cp-≈ hn-iz-\m-Y≥B\µv- 1988˛¬- hn-°v- B≥-kn-bn¬- Nmºy-\m-bn- tem-I sN n¬- ]m-Zap-{Z ]Xn∏n-®p.- 1989˛¬- ]m-co-kn¬- ap≥- tkm-hnb‰vtem-INm-ºy-∑m-sc Io-gS°n-btXm-sS B\µv- tem-IsN n¬- ap≥-\n-cbn¬- kvYm-\ap-d∏n-®p.- 1996˛¬- P\o-hbn¬,- dm-∏nUv- sNkv- Nm-ºy≥,- 2000˛epw- 2002˛epw- ^nsU tem-INm-ºy≥-.- Aßs\ In-co-SßfpsS \o-≠\n-c.CXn-\n-sS Hcn-°¬- tem-IsN n-se htcWy-cp-sS Xm¬-]cy-߃-°p-ap-∂n¬- am\kn-Iam-bpw- im-co-Iam-bpw- Xf¿-∂ B\µn-\v- Xp-SscØp-Ssc 30 a’c߃Ifn-t°≠n-hs∂¶n-epw- ss^\¬-hsc FØm-\m-bn.- 1988˛¬- tem-INm-ºy-s\ Is≠Øm-\p-≈ a’cthZn-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p-

t\´ßƒ- ssIhcn-°p-I Ffp-∏am-W.v AXv- \n-e\n¿-Øp-Ibm-W-v {]bm-kw- F∂vB\µv- Xs∂ ]dbp-tºm-gpw- AtX Ffp-

∏a√ t\´w- ssIhcn-°epw- F∂Xm-Wvbm-Ym¿-∞yw.- B\µn-s‚ IY B\µvXs∂ ]dbp-∂Xn-ßs\.- Bdmw- hbkn¬AΩbm-Wv- Fs∂ sNkv- ]Tn-∏n-®Xv.kXy-Øn¬- Fs∂ sNkv- Xm-cam-°n-bXpwAΩXs∂.- Ifn- ]Tn-®Xn-\p- ]n-∂m-se R߃- IpSpw-_ktaXw- ^n-en-∏o≥-knte°v- Xm-akw- am-‰n.- Ahn-SsØ Sn-hn-bn¬sN n-s\°p-dn-®v- Hcp- ]cn-]m-Sn-bp-≠m-bncp-∂p.- D®bv-°m-bn-cp-∂p- CXn-s‚ kwt{]jWw.- kvI - q-fn-em-bXn-\m¬- F\n-°nXv- Im-Wm≥- Ign-bp-ambn-cp-∂n-√.- F∂m-¬AΩ Sn-hn-bn-se a’c߃- ap-gp-h≥- FgpXn-sbSp-°pw.- Rm≥- kv-Iqƒ- hn-´p-h∂vAΩbp-am-bn-cp-∂-v Cu- Ifn-Iƒ- ]Tn-°pw.AXn¬- Nn-eXv- a’cßfm-bn-cp-∂p.- AXv]q¿-Øn-bm-°n- Rm≥- Sn-hn- Nm-\en-\vAb®p-sIm-Sp-Øp.- Ip-d®p-am-kØn-\p≈n¬- Rm-≥- \n-ch[n- a’c߃- CtXcoXn-bn¬- ]q¿-Øn-bm-°n.- Ahkm-\w£asI´ Nm-\ep-Im¿- F\n-°m-hiy-ap-≈ F√m- sNkv- ]p-kX -v Ißfpw- Ab®p-Xcmsa∂v- hm-KZ-v m-\w- sNbvX - p.- ]t£ Hcp- hyhkvY - ,- Rm≥- a’cØn¬- ]s¶Sp-°cp-X.v tem-I Im-bn-Icw-KØv- C¥y-bp-sS ]Xm-Ihm-lI≥- Bcv- F∂ tNm-Zy-Øn-\-v Hcp- DØctabp-≈p.- AXv- hn-izw- Pbn-® B\µv- Xs∂.- k®n≥- 40 sk©z-dn-IƒXn-I®psh¶n¬-Iq-Sn.-

cmyk


cmyk

Im-e-n-Iw-

9

2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14

I hm¿Ø-Iƒ I ho£-W-߃ I hni-I-e-\-߃ I hnh-c-߃

am‰-Øns‚ Bthiw Dƒs°m≠v {]

FUn-t‰-gv-kv- t\m-´v-

kn-≤o-Ic - W cwKØv am‰-Øns‚ Ae-sbm-en-Iƒ AS-ßp-∂n-√. ]pXnb {]kn-≤o-I-c-W-߃ ]e hnj-b-ß-fn¬ ]pd-Øn-d-ßp-∂p. \ne-hn-ep-≈h F∂pw apJw an\p-°m≥ {ian-°p-∂p. CXn-\n-Sb - n¬ hmb-\-°m¿°pw ]c-ky-Zm-Xm-°ƒ°pw Gsd CjvS-s∏-Sp∂ coXn-bn¬ t{Imk tv dmUv amdp-Ib - m-W.v 2006 apX¬ amkn-I-bmbn {]kn-≤o-Icn®p h∂n-cp∂ t{ImkvtdmUv Cu e°w apX¬ IqSp-X¬ BI¿j-Ia- mb Sm_vtfmbnUv hep-∏-Øn-ep≈ ssZzhm-cn-I-bmbn amdp-∂p. C\n apX¬ F√m amkhpw H∂mw Xob- X nbpw ]Xn- \ ©mw Xob- X nbpw t{ImkvtdmUv ]pd-Øn-dß - pw. hm¿Ø-Iƒ \mep]mSp \n∂pw D≠m-Ipw. _nkn-\-kv, s{]mU-IvSvkv, amt\-Pvsa‚ v, dnb¬ FtÉv, _m¶nw-K,v C≥jz-d≥kv, SmIvk,v .sj-b¿ am¿°-‰v, sl¬Øv, ^mj≥, {Smh¬,

tlmkv]n-‰m-en-‰n, kn\n-a, kvt]m¿Svkv, en‰td-®¿, B¿Svk,v tem Aßs\ Pohn-XØ - ns‚ kakvX taJ-e-I-tfbpw t{ImkvtdmUv kv]¿in-°pw. hm¿ØIfpw ho£-Wßfpw hni- I - e - \ ßfpw hnh- c - ß fpw t{Imkv tdmUn¬ Htc-t]mse Is≠-Ømw. IqSmsX hmb-\° - msc ckn-∏n-°p∂ Im¿´q-Wp-Ifpw Nn{X-ßfpw t^mt´m-Ifpw a‰p ]w‡n-Ifpw D≠m-Ipw. t{Imkvtdm-Un\p \evIp∂ hnebv°v AXn-tesd I\-s∏´ hn`-hß - ƒ \evIm-\mWv {iaw. ]cn-Nb kº-∂c- mb ]{X-te-JI - c- psS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ {]ikvX teJ-Icpw ]w‡oIm-c∑ - mcpw t^mt´m-{Km-^¿amcpw Im¿´q-Wn-ÃpIfpw Nn{X-Im-c∑ - mcpw t{ImkvtdmUn¬ AWn\n-c-°pw. hcpw e°-ß-fn¬ ]pXp-am-bm¿∂ hn`-h-߃ IqSn-s°m-t≠-bn-cn-°pw. F√m {]mb-°m¿°pw hn`m-K° - m¿°pw Bh-iy-amb hn⁄m\w t{Imkvtdm-Un¬ e`y-am-°m≥

{ian-°pw. t{Imkvtdm-Uns\ sa®-s∏-SpØm≥ hmb-\° - m-cp-tSbpw A`yp-Zb - m-Imwjn-If - p-tSbpw A`n-{]m-bß - ƒ kzoI-cn-°pw. hmb-\-£-a-amb en]n-hn-\ym-khpw IqSp-X¬ If¿ t]Pp-Ifpambn ]pd-Øn-dßp∂ t{Imkvtdm-Uns‚ cq]-Ie - ] v \ - bv°p ]n∂n¬ Hcp Iq´w hnZ-Kv[c - psS ]cn-{i-aa- p≠v. hmb-\° - m-cp-tSbpw ]c-ky-Zm-Xm-°f - ptSbpw Bh-iy-{]-Imcw th≠ am‰-߃°v t{ImkvtdmUv Xbm-dm-Ip-Ibpw sNøpw. {]tabØnepw {]Xn]mZ\Ønepw cq]`w-Kn-bnepw hyXykvXamb ssienbpambn FØp∂ t{Imkv t dmUv ssZzhm- c nI hmb\ °m¿ kz¥-ambn Icp-Xp-I.

ssa°nƒ h¿Kokv amt\-PnwKv FUn-‰¿

tXmakv aØmbn Icn-°w-]-≈n¬ FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv FUn-‰¿

_p°--v sj¬-^vhy-‡n-hn-ti-jw-

A-iz-Xn-

tem-I-Øn-s‚- s\-dp-I-bn¬Nc n{ XwXnc pØ nH_ ma H

_ - m-a!- - I-dp-Ø-v sa-en-™-v X-eb - n¬- Ip‰n-ap-Sn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b- a-\p-jy≥.- N-cn-{Xw- ssI]n-Sn-®v- I-b‰- n-b- D-∂X - n-bn¬-\n¬-°p-tºmƒtem-Iw- B-cm-[\ - t- bm-sS- t\m-°p-∂p- A-t±l-sØ.- _-cm-°v- H-_m-a.- B-Zy-sØ- B-{^n°≥- ˛- A-ta-cn-°≥- hw-iP - \ - m-b- A-ta-cn-°≥{]-kn-U-‚ v.- Ip-d-®p- \m-fp-I-fm-bn- Cu- a-\pjy≥- k-©c- n-°p-∂- h-gn-If - n-em-bn-cp-∂p- temI-Øn-s‚- {i-≤.- sN-dp-∏-°m-c-\m-b- Cu- \nb-a- A-[ym-]I - ≥- F-∂pw- hy-Xy-kX -v a- m-b- Nn¥m-KX - n-Iƒ-°v- D-Sa- b - m-Wv.- A-Xp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂- tem- I w- A- t ±- l Øn¬-\n-∂pw- ]-e-Xpw{]-Xo-£n-°p-∂p.- A-tacn-°≥- {]-kn-U-‚ v- ]Z-hn-bn-se-Øn-b- CuI-dp-Ø- a-\p-jy\n¬- ]-Tn-°m≥- Gsd-bp-≠v.- {]-tNm-Z\w- Dƒ-s°m-≈m-\pw.B- { ^n- ° ≥- ap…ow- B-b- sI-\n-b≥kz-tZ-in- _-cm-°-v H_m-a- ko-\n-b-dnt‚-bpw- I≥km-kv-

kz-tZin-\nB≥-U-lm- an-t‚-bpwa-I-\m-bn- 1961 Hm-K-kv-‰v\m-en-\v- l-hm-bn¬- P-\\w.- ]-T-\-Øn-\n-S-bn¬- I≠p-ap-´n- {]-Wb - n-®- H-_m-abp-sS- am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ- At±-l-Øn-\v- c-≠p-h-b-kp-≈t∏mƒ- th¿-]n-cn-™p.- ]n-Xmhv- sI-\n-bb - n-te-°v- Xn-cn-®p-t]m-bn.- A-Ω- as‰m-cp- C≥-tUm-t\-jy≥- kz-tZ-in-sb- hn-hmlw- I-gn-®p.- ]-Øp-h-b-kp-h-sc- P-°m¿-Øbn¬- B-Wv- H-_m-a- ]-Tn-®-Xv.- ]n-∂o-Sv- I≥km-kn¬- F-Øn- _n-cp-Zw- t\-Sp-∂X - p-hs- c- Ahn-sS-Øp-S¿-∂p.- ]n-s∂- km-aq-ly-{]-h¿-Ø\-߃-°m-bn- C≥-tUm-t\-jy-bn-te-°-v Xn-cnsI-t]m-bn.1982˛¬- H-_m-a-bp-sS- ]n-Xm-hv- hm-l-\m]-IS- Ø - n¬- a-cn-®p.- 1988˛¬- bq-tdm-∏v- k-µ¿i-\-Øn-\n-S-bn¬- sI-\n-b-bn¬- F-Øn-b- H_m-a- A-hn-sS- X-s‚- _-‘p-°-sf- I-≠p-ap´n.- Nn-°m-tKm-bn¬- I-s≠-Øn-b- an-tj¬- tdm_n≥-ks - W- 1992 H-Itv- Sm-_¿- aq-∂n-\v- hn-hmlw- I-gn-®p.- am-en-b- B≥,- km-j- F-∂o- c≠v- s]-¨I - p-´n-If - p-≠-v Cu- Z-ºX - n-Iƒ-°.v - bpssW-‰U - v- N¿-®v- Hm-^v- ss{I-kv‰- v- hn-izm-kn.1983˛¬- sIm-fw-_n-b- k¿-h-I-em-im-e-bn¬-

Sn-.F - w.-sI-

\n-∂pw- ]-T\ - w- ]q¿-Øn-bm-°p-tºmƒ- H-_m-aC-‚¿-\m-jW - ¬- dn-te-j≥-kn¬- hn-ZK - [ -v ] - T- \-hpw- s]m-fn-‰n-°¬- k-b≥-kn¬-_n-cp-Zh - pwt\-Sn-bn-cp-∂p.- ]n-∂o-Sv- _n-kn-\k - v- C-‚¿-\mj-W¬- tIm¿-∏t- d-j\ - n-epw- C-‚d- k - ‰-v -v dn-tk¿®v- {Kq-∏n-epw- tPm-en-sN-bX -v p.- 1985 ap-X¬- 1988 h-sc- sU-he - ∏ - nw-K-v I-ayq-Wn-‰n- t{]m-PI - S-v -v Ub-dI - S-v d- m-bn-cp-∂p.1988˛¬- \n-ba- ] - T - \ - Ø - n-\m-bn- l-hm¿-Uvtem- kvI - q-fn¬- tN¿-∂p.- B-Zy-h¿-jw-Xs - ∂l-hm¿-Uv- tem- dn-hyq-hn-s‚- B-Zy- I-dp-Øhw-iP - \ - m-b- F-Un-‰d- m-bn.- 1990˛¬- dn-hyq-s‚{]-kn-U‚ - pw- B-bn.- F-Un-‰¿- C≥- No-^v- F∂- kvY - m-\h - pw- F-¨] - t- Xm-fw- h-cp-∂- dn-hyqF-Un-‰¿-am-cp-sS- Np-aX - e - b - pw- A-t±-lØ - n-\mbn.- C-sX-√mw- B-Zy-am-bn- H-cp- I-dp-Ø- hw-iP-\n¬- F-Øp-∂- Im-gN -v b - m-bn-cp-∂p- A-X.v l-hm¿-Un¬-\n-∂-v sP.-Un.- a-Km-\m-Iw- temUv- _n-cp-Zw- t\-Sn.hy-Xy-kX -v - Np-‰p-]m-Sp-If - n-eq-sS- I-S∂ - p-h∂- H-_m-a-bp-sS- Nn-¥mK-Xn-If - n-epw- hy-Xy-kX -v bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.- C-Xv- At±-l-sØ- A-ta-cn-°≥sk-\‰- n-se- B-Zy- I-dp-Øh¿-K° - m-c≥- F-∂- N-cn-{X-hkv-Xp-X-I-fn-te-°p-b¿-Øn.1996˛¬- C-√n-t\m-bn-se- kw-k-v Ym-\- sk-\-‰-dm-bn.- 2002˛¬- ho≠pw- sk-\‰- d- m-bX - -v F-Xn-cn-√m-sXbm-bn-cp-∂p.- 2003˛¬- B-tcm-Ky- a-\pjy-tk-h-\-h-Ip-∏n-s‚- sN-b¿-am-\m-bn.2007˛¬- H-_m-a- X-s‚- {]-kn-U‚ - v- kvY - m-\m¿∞n-Xzw- {]-Jym-]n-®p.- ]-t£- B-cpw- A-X-v Kuc-ha- m-bn- F-Sp-Øn-√.- sX-cs - ™-Sp-∏v- {]-Nm-cW-th-fb - n-se- {]-kw-Kß - ƒ- cm-Py-hym-]I - a- mbn- H-_m-as - b- {i-≤m-tI-{µ-am-°n.- B-Zyw- apX-te- {]-kn-U‚ - v- tPm¿-Pv- _p-jn-s‚- \-bß - tfm-Sv- H-_m-a- Im-Wn-®- F-Xn¿-∏pw- P-\ß - s - fB-I¿-jn-®p.- ln-em-cn- ¢n-‚s - \- ]n-¥≈ - n- Utam-{Im-‰n-Iv- ]m¿-´n- kvY - m-\m¿-∞n-Xzw- t\-Snsb-Sp-°m≥- C-Xv- H-_m-as - b- k-lm-bn-®p.- dn∏-ªn-°≥- {]-kn-U‚ - - kvY - m-\m¿-∞n- tPm-¨sa-°-bv-s\- tXm¬-∏n-®- 44˛mw- A-ta-cn-°≥{]-kn-U‚ - m-Ip-Ib - m-W-v H-_m-a.- kvY - m-\t- a¬°p-∂X - v- 2009 P-\p-hc - n- 20˛-\v.cm-j{-v So-b- {]-th-i\ - Ø - n-\-v ap≥-]p-Xs - ∂]p-kX -v I - c- N - \ - - \-SØ - n-bn-´p-≈- H-_m-as- b-tØSn- {Km-an- A-hm¿-Upw- F-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.- "-Zn- HtUm-kn-‰n- tlm-∏'-v - F-∂- c-≠m-as- Ø- ]p-kX -v I-Øn-s‚- i-_Z-v c- q-]Ø - n-\m-bn-cp-∂p- A-hm¿-U.v I-dp-Ø- h¿-K-°m-c-s‚- kz-]v-\-hpw- bmYm¿-∞y-am-Ip-∂- a-Æm-W-v A-ta-cn-°- F-∂mWv- H-_m-a- {]-kw-KØ - n¬- ]-d™ X - v.- A-tacn-°≥- {]-kn-U-‚ v- F-∂- \n-e-bn¬- Cu- Idp-Ø- h¿-K° - m-cs- ‚- kz-]\ -v ß - ƒ- bm-Ym¿-∞yam-Ip-tºmƒ- tem-IØ - n-\v- D-≠m-Ip-∂- t\-´wF-¥?-v - A-Xm-bn-cn-°pw- C-\n- tem-Iw- ap-gp-h≥D-‰p-t\m-°p-∂X - pw.-

G-Im-¥-am-b A-t\z-j-Ww⁄m-

! \-∏-d-h- ! B-flI-Ym-]c- a- m-b- A-\p-kav- c- W - I - ƒ- ! P-bnw-kv- tPm-k-^v- sI-. ! Un.kn.-_p-Iv-kv- ! hn-e- 60 cq-] ! {]kn-≤o-I-c-Ww- 2008 Hm-K-Ãv-.F-¥n-s\-∂-dn-bm-sX- ho-Sphn-´n-d-ßp-I-bpw- A-e-™pw- a-b°p-ac- p-∂p-Iƒ-°S- n-ab - m-bpw- F-¥nt\m- th-≠n- Xn-c-™pw- \-S-∂- Hcp- bp-hm-hn-s‚- A-\p-`-h- I-Y.⁄m-\m¿-÷-\-am-bn-cp-t∂m- AXn-s‚- e-£yw-?- F-∂m¬- ⁄m\-Øn-s‚- a-lm-km-K-c- Xo-c-sØØn- \n-ev-°p-∂- H-cp- a-\p-jy-s\H-Sp-hn¬- Im-Wmw.- B-bn-c-ß-sfth-Z-\-bp-sS- C-cpƒ-°-b-ß-fn¬\n-∂p- I-cI - b - ‰- p-∂- ip-{iq-jI - \ - mbn.- a-\p-jym-¥¿-K-X-ß-fp-sS- Ccp-≠- `q-X-e-ß-fn-eq-sS- H-‰-Øn-cnsh-fn-®-hp-am-bn- A-e-bp-∂- A-\p`q-Xn- Cu- ]p-kv-X-Iw- \-ev-Ip-∂p.{`m-¥a- m-bn- A-e™ v,- G-Im-¥a- mbn- A-t\z-jn-®v,- Im-e-Øn-eq-sS]-co-£n-®v,- a-\-\-Øn-eq-sS- A-dn™v,- Po-hn-Xm¿-Yw- tX-Sn-b- H-cpbq-hm-hn-s‚- A-\p-`h - ß - f - m-Wn-Xv.G-Im-¥- \n-i-_v-Z-X-bn¬,k¿-th-{µn-b- {]-[m-\-am-bn-cn-°p∂- I-Æp-Iƒ- sIm-≠v- A-£c - ß - fn-eq-sS- kw-{I-an-°p-∂- `m-h-˛-ctkm-Pz-eX - I - f - m-Wv- hm-b\ - .- A-hnsS- hm-b\ - ° - m-c\ - pw- ]p-kX v- I - Ø - n\pw- C-S-bn¬- kw-`-hn-°p-∂- cm-

k-]-cn-Wm-a- hn-Zy-bn¬- ]-cn-N-bs∏-Sp-ج,- hn-iZ- o-Ic - W - w,- hn-a¿i-\w,- \n¿-[m-c-W- k-t¶-X-߃F-√mw- ^-ei - p-\y-am-Wv.- Im-cW - wHm-tcm- k¿-Km-∑-I- Ir-Xn-bpw- hnIm-c-{]-]-©-ß-fm-Wv.- Cu- Ir-Xnbpw- A-ß-s\- X-s∂.]p-kv-X-I-Øn¬- \n-∂v-:- Rm\m-tcm-Spw- H-∂pw- ]-d™ n√.- X-d-bn¬- H-®-h-bv-°msX- \-S-∂p- ]p-d-Øn-d-ßn.A-t∏mƒ- ]-Øp-a-Wn- ka-b-am-bn-cp-∂p.- tlm-´-epIƒ- k-I-e-Xpw- A-S-®n-cp∂p.- "-\m-jW - '- e - n-\c - n-In¬(tKm-h-bp-sS- X-e-ÿm-\am-b- ]-\m-Pn-bn-se- H-cpkn-\n-am- Xn-tb-‰¿-)- h-gn-hm-Wn-`°m¿- sdm-´n- hn-ev-°p-∂p-≠v.- sk°-‚ v- tjm- ]n-cn-™v- Ip-td- I-gnbpw- h-sc- A-hn-sS- hn-ev-]-\-bp≠m-hpw.- A-tßm-´m-Wv- Rm≥- \S-∂p-t]m-bX - .v - c-≠mw- I-fn- Xp-Sß - nbn-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬- A-hn-sS- H-´pw- Xnc-°n-√m-bn-cp-∂p.- A-©m-dp- I-S-Ifpw- A-{X-tØm-fw- B-h-iy-°mcpw.- h-en-b- hn-i-∏p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.aq-∂p-\m-ep- sN-dn-b- sdm-´n-bpw- c≠p- ]m-{Xw- ]-®-°-dn-bpw- hm-ßnØn-∂p.- B-h-iyw- t]m-se- sh≈-hpw.- tdm-Un¬- C-´n-cn-°p-hm≥B-bmƒ- ho-™-s∏-´n- X-∂p.- F\n-°p- am-{X-am-bp-≈- D-b¿-∂-

k¬-°m-c-am-W-Xv.- C-hn-sS- `-£Ww- I-gn-°m≥- h-∂m¬- Cu- a-\pjy-s‚- ÿ-e-am-Wv- Rm≥- k-µ¿in-°m-dv.- \-√- a-’-c-ap-≈- hy-hkm-ba- m-bn-cp-∂X - n-\m¬- F-s‚- ]Xn-hv- A-bm-sf- k-t¥m-jn-∏n-®ncn-°-Ww.- Im-ip- sIm-Sp-Øp- I-gn™pw- h-gn-tbm-cw- ]-‰n- s]-´n-∏p-dØp- X-s∂- Rm-\n-cp-∂p.A-bmƒ- F-t∂m-Sv- F-gpt∂-‰p- t]m-Ip-hm≥- Bh-iy-s∏-Sn-√.- X-s∂-bp-a√,- Bƒ-Øn-c-°p-an-√.Rm-\-hn-Sn-cn-°p-I- H-cptem- l y- ° m- c - s \- t ∏mse- B-Wp-Xm-\pw.- F∂m¬- ]-c-kv-]-cw- R߃- H-cn-°-epw- kw-km-cn-®n-√.kw-km-cn-°p-hm≥- ]-‰n-b- \-√- t\c-ß-fn-em-bn-cn-°n-√- Rm≥- A-hnsS- t]m-Im-d.v - B- a-\p-jy≥- b-Ym¿Y-Øn¬- \-√- kw-km-c-°m-c-\mWv.- sN-∂- Im-e-sØ-t∂m- Abmƒ- H-cp- kz-Im-cy- N¿-®-bv-°v- Hcp-º-´p.- cm-jv-{So-bw- t]m-se-tbma-t‰m- h-en-b- Im-cy-ß-fm-bn-cp-∂phn-j-bw.- Rm-s\m-cp- hm-t°m- a\-t m- A-tßm-´p- sIm-Sp-Øn-√.Xo-‰∏ - m-{X-Øn-te-°v- Ip-\n-™n-cp∂p.- A-∂p- \n¿-Øn-b- kw-km-cam-W.v Fgp-Øp-Im-cs‚ sh_vssk‰v: www.jamesvaidyanhealing.com

sP-bk -v ¨- sk-_m-k‰-v y≥-

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Dab\√qcm≥-

Ubtem-Kv- am-‰mw- A®S°sas¥∂v]Tn-∏n-°mw-

! ¿.- _m-eIr-jW -v ]n-≈bv° - -v Ahm¿-U:-v hm¿-Ø " kp-tc-jv- tKm-]n-°v- C\n- Ubtem-Kv- am-‰mw- "^m....- jn-‰v'- F∂Xn-\p]Icw- "^m..- Ahm¿-tU..'- F∂m-°mw.! _m-¶n-se tPm-en-bn¬-\n-∂v- Rm≥- kz-bw- ]n-cn-bp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p-.Ft∂°mƒ- Xm-sgbp-≈hsc km-sd∂v- hn-fn-°m≥- {]bm-kap-≈Xp-sIm≠v: sI.-]n.- cm-a\p-Æn" sIm≈mw.- C\n- cm-a\p-Æn- km-dn-s\ Bcpw- km-sd∂v- hn-fn-°n-√ t√m-? ! kw-Ko-Xhpw- im-∏m-Sp-am-W-v Fs‚ Po-h≥.- A-©p- aWn-°q¿- H∂p-w- Ign°m-Xn-cp-∂-v Rm≥- _n-cn-bm-Wn- Ign-°pw: icXv- (kw-Ko-X kwhn-[m-bI≥)" "km-[\hpw- im-∏mSp-'s - a∂m-bn-cp-∂p- ]dtb≠n-bn-cp-∂Xv.- ! Ip-´n-Ifp-≠m-hm≥- hn-hm-lw- Ign-°Wsa∂n-√.- c≠p- kv{- Xo-Ifn-em-bn"F\n-°v- Bdp- Ip-´n-Ifp-≠v.- \n-ba]cam-bn- Ah¿- c≠pw- Fs‚ `m-cy-amcp-a√: Xn-eI≥." a‰m-cp-tStbm- `m-cy-am-cm-Ipw- Fs∂mcp- [z-\n-bp-≠t√m- tN´m.! hn-.F - kv.- ANyp-Xm-\µ≥- Im-elcWs∏´ ]p-Wym-f≥-: Fw.- ap-Ipµ≥" ap-Ip-tµ´m...- ""Iae'-'- hn-fn-°p-∂p.! tam-jS-v m-°fp-am-bn- _‘w,- c≠v- k_v- C≥-ks-v ]IvS- ¿-am-sc kkvs]≥Uv- sNbvX - p-: sIm-√w- hm¿-Ø." tam-jSv- m-°sfbm-bn-cp-∂p- kkvs - ]≥-Uv- sNtø≠n-bn-cp-∂Xv.!ssew-Kn-I Nq-jWw- kn-\n-abn¬- hfsc Ip-dhm-W.v \ - Sn- sshIp-t∂cambm¬- \n¿-am-Xm-hn-s‚ ap-dn-bn-te°v- Ip-fn-®-v s]m-bt-v °m-fWsa∂Xv- ]gb IY.- Ct∏m- Cß\√: cRvPn-Ø-v (kw-hn-[m-bI≥)" Ip-fn-°m-\p-≈ km-hIm-iw- In-´m-dn-√m-bn-cn-°pw.! C¥y- N{µ\n-seØn: hm¿-Ø

B

" C\n- N{µ\n-ep-≈h∑m-sc√mw- Iq-Sn- F∂m-Wm-thm- Ctßm-´v- sI´nsbSp-°p-I. !tIm-gn-t°m-´v- Hcp- ]{X dn-t∏m¿-´tdm,- aebm-fw- A[ym-]It\m- Cw-•ojn¬- Ihn-X ]Sbv° - p-∂h\m-bm¬- ]n-∂bm-fp-sS ]{Xm-k-v ]dtb≠ Imcy-an-√: Un.- hn-\bN{µ≥" GXv- dn-t∏m¿-´dpw- A[ym]I\pw- Iq-Sn-bm- AÆm- "_m¿- _n-√v'-- sIm-Sp∏n-®Xv?

!

F

s‚ a°sf A®S°sas¥∂v - ]Tn- ∏ n°Wsa∂p-≠v.- tIcfØn¬- AXn-\p-]‰n-b kvY - m]\߃- h√Xp-ap-t≠m-: `m¿-Kh≥- \m-b¿,- ap-≈-wsIm-√n-

#

Xo¿-®bm-bpw.- a°sfbpw- Iq-´n- tIcfØn-se _nhtdPv- tIm¿-∏tdjs‚ Hu-´s -v e‰p-Ifn¬- sN∂m¬aXn.- Iyq,- A®S°w,- klIcWw- F√mw- ]Tn-°mw.! "I¨-aWn- \o-sb≥- Icw- ]n-Sn-®m¬- IÆp-Isf¥n-\vthsd'- F∂v- Ihn- ]m-Sn.- Fs¥¶n-epw- Igºp-t≠m: I_o¿,- Xet»cn# "Ic'-Øn¬- am-{Xta ]n-Sn-°m-hq- F∂v- am-{Xw.! sIm-Xp-Ip-Iƒ- cm-{Xn- am-{Xw- a\p-jy-s‚ c‡w- Ip-Sn°p-∂p.- F¥p-sIm-≠m-WXv: kp-tajv,- - Np-\°c.# ]I¬- t\Xm-°∑m-cp-≠t√m- A\n-bm.! CSn-Øo- ho-Whs\ ]m-º-v ISn-®p- Fs∂m-cp- ]gs©m√p-≠v.- Aßs\ kw-`hn-®n-´p-t≠m- tN´m: ko-\,ap-Xp-Im-´p-Ic.# `cWw- am-dp-tºmƒ- aebm-fn-°-v ]n-s∂¥m-W-v kw-`hn°p-∂Xv?! C©n-©m-bn- acn-°m-\p-ff Hcp- t]mw-hgn- ]d™pXcm-tam?- kp-tc{µ≥-,- In-Sßbw# ko-cn-bep-Iƒ- Im-Wm-dn-t√?! Rm-\o-bn-sSbm-bn- Hcp- aebm-fn-bm-b Xan-gv- \Sn-sb kz-]\ -v w- Im-Wp-∂p?- am-\kn-Itcm-Kw- h√Xp-am-tWmbn-Xv?- tPm-kv- am-Xyp-,- sIm-´n-bw.# BZyw Feo-km- sSkv‰ - v.- ! tIcfØn¬- G‰hpw- Iq-Sp-X¬- N¿-® sNøs∏Sp-∂Xv?cm-j{-v So-bw,- km-aq-lyw,- km-ºØn-Iw,- kmw-k° -v m-cnIw?- CXn-teXm-sW∂v- ]dbm-tam?- lcn-Zm-k,v - hSIc.# \¨- Hm^v- Zo-kv.- ^pƒ-,- ss]‚ v,- Izm¿-´¿-.! Rm≥- aebm-fn.- sI´m≥- t]m-Ip-∂Xv- t\∏m-fn.-- R߃°p≠m-Ip-∂ a°ƒ?- k\n¬-,- ]¥fw# Fc∏m-fn-Ifm-Im-sX kq-£n-°p-I.-

tlm...- F-s¥m-cp- kv-]o-Uv-!`mcy: tlm...- F-s¥m-cp- kv-]o-Uv...- F¥n\m Ct∏mƒ Imdns‚ kv]oUv Iq´n-bX - .v `¿Ømhv: t{_°v t]mbn. A]-ISw D≠mIpw ap≥]v ho´n-se-ØW - w. ImgvN-_w-•m-hnse ta¬t\m-´-°m-c≥: \n߃

^-en-XØ - p-≈n-Iƒ-

s]m´n-®Xv 500 h¿jw ]g-°a- p≈ {]Xn-ab - m-Wv. ImgvN° - m-c≥: ssZh-Øn\p \µn! Rm≥ hnNm-cn®p AXv ]pXn-bX - m-sW-∂.v

]pcp-j≥ ssZh-tØmSv: F¥n\m kv{XoIsf C{X kpµ-cn-If - mbn krjvSn-®X - ?v ssZhw ]pcp-j-t\mSv: F∂mte Ahsc \n߃ kvt\ln-°q. ]pcp-j≥ ssZh-tØmSv: F¥m ]pcp-j∑ - msc a≠∑m-cmbn krjvSn-®Xv? ssZhw ]pcp-j-t\mSv: F∂mte Ah¿ \nßsf kvt\ln-°q. F¥n\m \n߃ Ic-bp-∂Xv? B B\ sNcn-™p. AXv \nß-fpsS Hma-\b - m-bn-cpt∂m? A√, Rm≥ Ipgn-sh-´p-Im-c\ - m-W.v t_mbv {^≠v: Fs‚ iºfw \n\°p aXn-bmIptam? tKƒ {^≠v : F\n°p aXn- b m- I pw. ]t£ \nßsfßs\ ]ns∂ Pohn°pw?

kvIqƒ h¿j-Øns‚ Ah-km\w \gvkdn kvIqƒ Ip´n-Iƒ Ah-cpsS A[ym-]n-Ibv°v kΩm\-߃ \evIp-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. ]q°-S-°m-cs‚ aI≥ kΩm-\-s∏mXn sImSpØ-t∏mƒ A[ym-]nI tNmZn-®p. Rm\n-Xn-\-I Øv F¥m-sW∂p ]d-bt´? ]q°-ft√? ]ø≥ icnh-®p. Fßs\ AX-dn™q? F∂v ]ø≥. Rm≥ shdqtX Duln-®p F∂v So®¿. ASp-ØXv t_°-dn-bp-Sa- b - psS aIƒ s]mXn sImSpØ-t∏mƒ So®¿ tNmZn-®p. AXn-\I - Øv a[p-c] - e - lm-cß - f - t- √. s]¨Ip´n Xe-bm-´n. Fßs\ AX-dn™q? F∂v s]¨Ip´n tNmZn-®p. Rm≥ shdqtX Duln-®p F∂v ho≠pw So®¿. ]ns∂ kΩm-\s - ∏mXn sIm≠p h∂Xv aZy-jm-∏pS-ab - psS aI-\m-W.v kq£n®p ]nSn-®p-sIm≠p h∂ s]mXn tNmcp-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. AXn-semcp Xp≈n \m°n¬ h®n´v So®¿ tNmZn-®p. CXv ssh≥ At√? A√ F∂p kw{`-at- ØmsS ]ø≥. kzev]w IqSn sXm´p \m°n¬ h®n´p So®¿ tNmZn- ® p. jmsºbv≥? IqSp-X¬ kw{`-at- ØmsS A√ F∂p ]ø≥. H∂p IpsS sXm´p \m°n¬ h®n´p So®¿ ]d-™p. C√, Rm≥ hn´p. F¥m-sW∂v C\n ]d-bq. h√msØmcp D√m-kt- ØmsS B¨Ip´n ]d-™p. Cu s]mXn-°I - Øv Hcp ]´n-°p-´n-bmWv!

! ASp-Ø Bgv-N Fs‚ hnhm-lam-Wv.- Hcp-]tZiwXcp-tam?- kp-tc-j-v Ir-jW -v ,- sIm®n# ]Xp-s°Øn-∂m¬- ]\bpw- Xn-∂mw-! ! kn-\n-a ]Ip-Xn-sbØp-tºmƒ- CSthf sIm-Sp°p-∂sX¥n-\m-Wv- tN´m,- AsXm-gn-hm-°n-°q-sS!! kp-tcjv,- - ap-JØe # am-\y-am-b tNm-Zyw.- ]t£ ]Sw- j°o-ebp-tSXmbm¬...?! Fs‚ `m-cy-°pw- N{µ\n¬- t]m-IWsa∂p-≠v.- am¿Kap-t≠m: \hmkv- - Bepw-aq-S,v -- aø\m-S-v # AbesØ N{µs‚ Im-cy-am-bn-cn-°pw-.! `qanaebm-fØn-ep-≈ k¿-h sXdn-Ifpw hiØm-°nb Hcp- ]©h¿-W°n-fn- F\n-°p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.- ]s£ ASp-Øn-sS Fw.-Fw.- lks‚ Hcp- {]kw-Kw- Sn-hnbn¬- tI´Xn-¬- ]n-s∂ In-fn- an-≠p-∂n-√.- F¥vsNøWw?- Pn-Pn-tam≥- tP°_v,- ]p-\eq¿# AXn-bm-s\ hn-fn-°m-\p-≈ km-[\w- kvt - ‰m-°n-√m-bncn-°pw.! Ihn-Ifpw- Iem-Im-c∑m-cp-sa√mw- kv{- Xo-Isfbm-Wt√mtN´m- h¿-Wn-°m-dp-≈Xv.- ]p-cp-j∑m-sc H∂v- h¿-Wn°cp-tXm?- tkm-a≥-,- ISep-≠n-\Kcw-

#

h¿-Wn-°m-\p-≈ kvY - ew- Im-Wn-®p-sIm-Sp-Øm¬- aXn.! ]n-Wdm-bn- ˛ ANyp-Xm-\µ≥-,- Chcn-em-cm-W-v tIa≥?hn.- Kn-co-j,v- - am-then-°c # Ah¿- Ahcp-tSsX∂pw- \Ωƒ- \Ωp-tSsX∂pw]dbmw.! "Cu-iz-c Nn-¥bn-sXm-t∂ a\p-P\v- im-iz-Xta DeIn¬'.- t\cm-tWm?- B¿.- cm-tPjv,- CSp-°n# kt¥m-jv- am-[h kzman-tbm-Sv- tNm-Zn-°mw.! Xhf F∂ hm-°v- hcp-∂ Hcp- aebm-f Km-\w- ]m-Smtam?-- kp-h¿-W.-sI.-,- aqhm-‰p-]p-g # ]n-s∂¥m.- "Im-´n-se ]m-gva - p-fw- X≠n¬-\n-∂pw...-'- ]m´n-s‚ ]m-em-gn- Xo¿-"Xhtf'.-

h-gn-tbm-cw-

tdm-bn- ]n.- ]-t{Xm-kv-


bm-{X-

2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14

Ipd™ sNehn¬ _nkn\kv ¢mkv; tKm Iw^¿´v k¿hokv Bcw`n®p hm

U - n-b- {Kq-∏n-s‚- tKm- F-b¿-sse≥-kvC-¥y- ss{]-h-‰v- en-an-‰-Uv- Ip-d-™- sN-e-hn¬{]o-an-bw- tk-h\ - ß - ƒ- \-eI v- p-∂- tKm- Iw-^¿-´v{_m≥-U-v A-hX - c- n-∏n-°p-∂p.- _n-kn-\k - -v bm-{XI-fn¬- an-I® - - ku-Ic - y-ßt- fm-sS- k-©c - n-°mwF-∂X - m-W-v tKm-Iw-^¿-´n-s‚- {]-tXy-IX - .A-hk - m-\\ - n-an-jw- bm-{X- d-±m-t°-≠n-h∂ - mepw- A-[n-I- sN-eh - p-Ifn-√m-sX- Sn-°-‰v- am-‰nsb-Sp-°mw.- a-‰v- F-b¿sse- \ p- I - s f- A- t ]£n-®v- km-[m-c-W- Ct°m-W-an- ¢m-kv- Sn-°‰p-Iƒ-°p-≈- Im≥-kte-j≥- Nm¿-Ppw- Ip-dh - m-W.v - apw-ss_,- U¬-lnF-∂n-hn-Sß - f - n¬- sN-°˛-v C - ≥- sN-øp-∂X - n-\m-bn{]-tXy-I- Iu-≠¿- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂p.- a-‰v- F-√mF-b¿-t]m¿-´n-epw- sN-°˛-v C - ≥- sN-øp-∂X - n-\-v ap≥K-W-\- e-`n-°pw.- 34 C-©v- ko-‰v- ]n-®v,- A-[n-Ise-Kv- kvt- ]-kv- Xp-Sß - n- kp-J{- ]-Za- m-b- bm-{X- Dd-∏m-°p-∂- ko-‰nw-Kv- kw-hn-[m-\w,ap≥-h-i-sØ- B-Zy- \m-ep- \n-c- ko-‰p-

I- f n- s em- ∂ v - sX- c - s ™- S p- ° - s ∏- S m- \ p- ≈ ku-I-cyw- F-∂n-h-bp-ap-≠v.- ku-P-\y- ao¬ k - v,- kv\ - m-°k v- v- F-∂n-h- bm-{X-°m¿-°v- e-`y-am°pw.tKm-ka-v m¿-´-v k¿-ho-kp-Iƒ-°-v Cu-Sm-°p-∂Xn-epw- 1750 cq-]- am-{Xw- A-[n-I- Nm¿-Pv- Cu-Sm°n-bm-Wv- tKm-Iw-^¿-´v- tk-h\ - w- e-`y-am-°p-∂Xv.- bm-{X- sN-øp-∂- Zn-hkw- X-s∂- Sn-°‰- -v hm-ßnbm-epw- \n-Ip-Xn-bpw- k¿Nm¿-Ppw- A-S° - w- 6875 cq]-bm-Wv- tKm-Iw-^¿-´ns‚- Ip-d™ - \n-c° - .v C-t°m-Wa- n- ¢m-kns‚- \n-c° - n¬- _n-kn-k-v ¢m-kn-s‚- ku-Ic- y-߃D-]t- bm-Kn-°m-sa-∂X - m-W-v tKm-Iw-^¿-´n-s‚- {]Xy-IX - s - b-∂v- tKm-Iw-^¿-´v- No-^v- F-Ivk - n-Iyq´o-h-v Hm-^o-k¿F-UK -v m¿-tUm- _-Zn-bm-en- ]-d™ - p.- Ip-d™ - \n-c° - n-\pw- aq-ey-h¿-≤n-Xtk-h\ - ß - ƒ-°pw- an-I® - - kzo-Ic- W - a- m-W-v e`n-°p-∂s- X-∂pw- Iq-´n-t®¿-Øp.-

tKm- F-b-dn-s‚A-©p- Sn-°-‰n-\vH-cp- Sn-°-‰v-

11

Ip´nIƒ°v kºq¿W kuP\yhpambn {ioe¶≥ ]mt°Pv {io-

e - ¶ ≥- F- b ¿sse≥-kn-s‚- hn-t\m-Zk - © - mc- hn-`m-Ka- m-b- {io-e¶ - ≥- tlmfn-sU-bk -v -v am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒs°m-∏w- Ip-´n-Iƒ-°v- kºq¿-W- ku-P\ - yw- A-\p-hZn-°p-∂- ]m-t°-P-v A-hX - c- n∏n-®p.tlm-fn-tU- C≥- sImfw-tºm,- tlm-fn-tU- C≥_o-®,v - tlm-fn-tU- C≥- s\Kw-tºm,- tlm-fn-tU- C≥Iym≥-Un- F-∂o- hn-t\m-Zbm-{Xm- ]m-t°-Pp-Iƒ-°mWv- ku-P\ - yw.- C-hb - ° -v -v P\p-h-cn- 31 h-sc- {]m-_-eywD-≠m-Ipw.- c-≠p- ap-Xn¿-∂h - ¿°p-≈- Sn-°-‰n-s‚- ]m-t°-Pn\m-Wv- 12 h-b-kn-\p- Xm-sg-bp≈- c-≠v- Ip-´n-Iƒ-°v- ku-P\yw- A-\p-hZ- n-°p-∂X - .v - ]m-t°-

- f - n¬- \n-∂m-cwPv- {]-Im-cw- aq-∂pw- \m-epw- Zn-h- Zv- F-∂n-hn-Sß kw- \o-fp-∂- ]-cn-]m-Sn-bn¬- ap-Xn¿- `n-°p-∂- ]m-t°-Pn¬- A-tßm∂-h¿-s°m-∏w- Ip-´n-Iƒ-°pw- Xm- ´pw- C-tßm-´p-ap-≈- hn-am-\- Sn°-‰v,- {]-`m-X- `-£W - w- Dƒs∏-sS-bp-≈- Xm-a-kw,- Fb¿-t∏m¿-´v- ˛- C-t‚¿-W¬{Sm≥-k^ v- d- p-Iƒ,- F-b¿- I¨- U o- j ≥- U v - hm- l - \ Øn¬- bm-{X,- Cw-•o-j-v kwkm-cn-°p-∂- ssK-U,v - sIm-fwtºm-bn¬- kn-‰n- Sq¿- F-∂nh-bpw- D-≠m-Ipw.- 17,-399 apX¬- 22,-799 cq-]- h-sc-bm-W-v ]m-t°-Pn-s‚- \n-c° - p-Iƒ.e-¶b - n¬- \n-∂-v hn-tZ-ik-©m-cn-Iƒ-°-v e-`n-°m-hp∂- G-‰-hpw- an-I-®- ]m-t°-Ppa-kn-°mw.- b-∂v- {io-e¶ - ≥sIm-®n,- Xn-cp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cw,- tIm- I-fm-Wv- C-hs -v -v P-\d- ¬- am-t\gn-t°m-Sv,- tIm-b-º-Øq¿,- {Sn-®n,- tlm-fn-tU-bk - ] - m-e- Nq-≠nsN-ss∂,- U¬-ln,- apw-ss_,- P¿- A-an-X-v kp-a\ _mw-Kf - q¿,- tKm-h,- ssl-{Zm-_m- °m-´n.-

C-Øn-lm-Zn-\v- aq-∂v- thƒ-Uv{Sm-h¬- A-hm¿-Up-Iƒ-

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t\m-Zk - © - m-cI - m-et- Ø-b° v- v- {]-tXy-I- Hm-^d- p-ambn- tKm- F-b¿.- A-©v- Sn-°‰- v- hm-ßp-∂h - ¿-°v- ku-P\ - y-ambn- H-cp- Sn-°‰- -v \-eI -v p-∂X - m-W-v Cu- Hm-^¿.- tKm- tk-h-v Sn-°‰p-Iƒ- hm-ßp-tºm-gm-Wv- Cu- ku-P-\yw.- 2009 am¿-®v- 31 hsc-bm-Wv- Cu- {]-tXy-I- Hm-^d- n-s‚- Im-em-h[ - n.tKm- F-b¿- sh-_v-ssk-‰n¬- c-Pn-ÿ- sN-øp-∂-h¿-°vCu- ku-P\ - yw- kz-¥a- m-°mw.- _m-¶v- s{I-Un-‰v- Im¿-Uv- h-gntbm- t\-cn-´-v ]-Wa- S- b - ° -v p-∂h - ¿-°pw- Cu- Hm-^¿- e-`y-am-W.v tKm- F-b¿- sh-_s-v sk-‰n-\p- ]p-dt- a,- tKm- F-b¿- F-b¿-t]m¿´v- Sn-°‰- nw-Kv- Iu-≠¿,- tKm- F-b¿- tImƒ- sk-‚¿- F-∂n-hnS-ßf - n¬-\n-∂pw- Sn-°‰p-Iƒ- kz-¥a- m-°mw.A- © p- Sn- ° - ‰ pIƒ-°v- H-cp- Sn-°-‰vku-P\ - yw- F-∂X - -v hnt\m-Z-k-©m-c-Im-etØ-bv-°v- ap≥-Iq-´nπm≥- sN-øm≥- D-]tbm-‡m-°s- f- {]m-]X -v c- m-°p-sa-∂pw- Ip-d™ - _-Pd- d- n¬- k©-cn-°p-∂X - n-\-v h-gn-sbm-cp-°p-sa-∂pw- tKm- F-b¿- No-^-v FIvk - n-Iyq-´o-h-v Hm-^o-k¿- F-UK -v m¿-tUm- _m-Zn-bm-en- ]-d™ - p.tKm- F-b¿- hn-‚¿- sj-Uyq-fn¬- hn-am-\k - ¿-ho-kp-If - psS- F-Æw- 900 B-bn- h¿-[n-∏n-®p.- H-Ivt- Sm-_d- n¬- 11 tI-{µß-fn-te-b° v- v- 832 hn-am-\k - ¿-ho-kp-If - m-Wv- \-SØ - n-bn-cp-∂Xv.- apw-s_-˛t- Km-h- sk-ISv- d- n¬- {]-Xn-Zn-\- k¿-ho-kp-Iƒ-°p]p-dt- a- apw-ss_-˛t- Km-h˛- U - ¬-ln- sk-IS-v d- n¬- F-√m- Xn-¶ƒ,hym-gw,- sh-≈n,- Rm-b¿- Zn-hk - ß - f - n¬- cm-hn-se- k¿-ho-kv\-SØ - pw.apw-ss_-bn¬-\n-∂-v sIm-®n,- A-lΩ - Z- m-_m-Z-v sk-IS-v d- n¬c-≠p- ]p-Xn-b- k¿-ho-kp-Iƒ- B-cw-`n-®p.- Cu- sk-Iv-S-dn¬Xp-S-°-Øn¬-Ø-s∂- 45 i-X-am-\w- h-sc- _p-°nw-Kv- e-`n-®Xn-\m¬- A-h[ - n-°m-eß - f - n¬- k¿-ho-kp-Iƒ- h¿-[n-∏n-°m≥]-cn-]m-Sn-bp-≠.v {]o-an-bw- k¿-ho-km-b- tKm-Iw-^¿-´n-\v- tKm- F-b¿- Cubn-sS- Xp-S° - a- n-´n-cp-∂p.- _n-kn-\k - v- ¢m-kv- ku-Ic - y-ßt- fmsS- C-°-tWm-an- ¢m-kn-s‚- \n-c-°n¬- bm-{X- sN-øm-sa-∂Xm-W-v tKm- Iw-^¿-´n-s‚- {]-tXy-IX - .- C-¥y-bn-se- G-I- temtIm-Ãv- {]o-an-bw- k¿-ho-km-Wn-Xv.-

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- h¿-js - Ø- thƒUv- {Sm-h¬- A-hm¿-U-v Zm-\- NS-ßn¬- C-Øn-lm-Z-v F-b¿-thbvk - v- lm-{Sn-Iv- I-cÿ - a- m-°n.Kƒ-^v- ta-Je - b - n-se- G-‰h - pwan-I® - - F-b¿-sse≥,- G-‰h - pw\-√- ^-Ã-v ¢m- -v ku-Ic- yw- e`y-am-°p-∂- F-b¿-sse≥,- G‰-hpw- an-I-®- {Sm-h¬- sh-_vssk-‰-v F-∂o- A-hm¿-Up-If - mWv- Zp-_m-bn¬- \-S-Ø-s∏-´thƒ-U-v {Sm-h¬- A-hm¿-UZ-v m\- N-Sß - n¬- C-Øn-lm-Zv- t\Sn-bX - v.- N-Sß - n¬- kw-_‘ - n®- 1,-10,-000 {Sm-h¬- G-P-‚p-amc-S° - a- p-≈- 1,-70,-000 s{]m-^j - W-ep-Iƒ- thm-´nw-Kn-eq-sS- anI-®- I-º\ - n-Is - f- sX-cs - ™Sp-°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p.C-tXm-sS- C-Øn-lm-Zv- CXp-h-sc- t\-Sn-b- thƒ-Uv- {Smh¬- A-hm¿-Up-If - p-sS- F-Æw12 B-bn- h¿-[n-®p.- A-©ph¿-jw- ]n-∂n-Sp-∂- C-Øn-lmZn-s\- kw-_-‘n-®n-S-t®m-fwB-tLm-jn-°m≥- h-I- \¬-Ip∂-Xm-W-v Cu- _-lp-aX - n-Is- f∂v- No-^-v F-Ik -v n-Iyq-´o-h-v Hm^o-k¿- P-bnw-k-v tlm-K¨ - - ]d-™p.- C-Øn-lm-Zv- h≥- hf¿-®- t\-Sn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂A-hk - c - Ø - n-em-Wv- Cu- AwKo-Im-cß - f - pw- h-∂p-tN¿-∂n-cn°p-∂-Xv.- B-tKm-f- F-b¿sse≥- hy-h-km-b-Øn¬- I-

Sp-Ø- a-’c- w- \-S° - p-∂X - -v Kƒ-^-v ta-J-e-bn-em-sW-∂n-cn-s°- Kƒ^n-se- G-‰h - pw- an-I® - - F-b¿-sse\m-bn- sX-cs - ™-Sp-°s - ∏-´X - -v A-

c¬- Nq-≠p-∂s- X-∂-v tlm-K¨ - - ]d-™p.- \-S∏ - p- h¿-js - Ø- B-ZyH≥-]X - p- am-kw- bm-{X-°m-cp-sS- FÆ-Øn¬- ap≥-h¿-j-tØ-Xn-t\-

_p-°v- sN-øs - ∏-´p.- I-gn-™h¿-jt- Ø-Xn-t\-°mƒ- G-gp- iX-am-\w- Iq-Sp-Xe - m-Wn-X.v - Cuh¿-jw- 60 e-£w- bm-{X-°m¿F-∂X - m-W-v C-Øn-lm-Zn-s‚- e£yw.- A-t∏m-tg-°pw- k¿-hokv- \-SØ - p-∂- tI-{µ-ßf - p-sSF-Æw- A-ºX - pw- hn-am-\ß - f - psS- F-Æw- \m¬-∏Ø - n-c≠ - p-ambn- D-b-cpw.F-b¿-sse≥- hy-hk - m-bØn-em-Zy-am-bn- hn-am-\Ø - n¬^p-Uv- B≥-Uv- _n-h-td-P-kvam-t\-P¿-am-sc- \n-tbm-Kn-®X - vC-Øn-lm-Zm-Wv.- thƒ-Uv- {Smh¬- A-hm¿-U-v hn-[n- I¿-Øm°ƒ- C-°m-cyw- F-Sp-Øp- ]-dbp-Ib - p-≠m-bn.- A-hm¿-Un-\¿l-am-b- C-Øn-lm-Z-v F-b¿-thbvk - v- tUm-Sv- tImw- F-∂- sh_vs - sk-‰v- A-d_ - n,- Cw-•o-jv,{^-©,v - P¿-Ω≥,- ssN-\o-k-v `mj-I-fn-ep-≠v.- Hm-¨-sse≥_p-°nw-Kn¬- C-Øn-lm-Zv- \-S∏m-°n-bn-´p-≈- ]-cn-jv-°m-c߃-°\ - p-kc- n-®-v H-tc- tI-{µØn-te-°p- X-s∂- hn-hn-[- Znh-kß - f - n¬- Sn-°‰- p- \n-c° - n¬hy-Xym-k-ap-≠m-Ipw.- bm-{Xt]m-Ip-tºm-gp-≈- \n-c° - m-bncn-°n-√- Xn-cn-®p- h-cp-tºmƒ.Ip-d-™- \n-c-°n¬- bm-{X©v- h¿-js - a-∂- Np-cp-ßn-b- Im-e- °mƒ- 35 i-Xa- m-\w- h¿-[\ - h - m-W-v sN-øm≥- B-{K-ln-°p-∂-h¿- - A-hk - c- a- m-W-v C-X-v b-fh - n-\p-≈n¬- C-Øn-lm-Z-v ssI- C-Øn-lm-Zv- t\-Sn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv.- °v- an-I® - .v h-cn-®- h≥- t\-´Ø - n-te-°m-W-v hn- i-cm-ic- n- 75 i-Xa- m-\w- ko-‰p-Iƒ- \¬-Ip-∂X

]mcau≠v Fb¿thbvkv sIm®nbn¬\n∂v ]q\bnte°v {]XnZn\ k¿hokv Bcw`n®p C

¥ - y-bn-se- B-Zy-sØ- {]o-an-bw- F-b¿-sse\m-b- ]m-ca- u-≠-v F-b¿-th-bk -v -v sIm-®n-bn¬-\n-∂-v ]q-\-bn-te-bv-°v- sN-ss∂- h-gn- {]-Xn-Zn-\- hn-am-\k¿-ho-k-v B-cw-`n-®p.- 5.-20˛-\-v sIm-®n-bn¬-\n-∂-v Bcw-`n-®- B-Zy- hn-am-\w- cm-{Xn- 10.-10˛-\-v ]q-\b - n¬- em≥Uv- sN-bX -v p.- _n-kn-\k - -v F-Ik -v n-Iyq-´o-hp-Iƒ-°pwhym-]m-cn-Iƒ-°pw- kw-cw-`I - ¿-°pw- hn-t\m-Zk - © - mcn-Iƒ-°pw- G-sd- ku-I-cy-{]-Z-am-Ipw- ]p-Xn-b- hnam-\k - ¿-ho-k.v hn-Ik - \ - ] - c - n-]m-Sn-bp-sS- `m-Ka- m-bm-Wv- ]p-Xn-bXm-bn- sIm-®n-˛] - q-\- sk-IS-v d- n¬- k¿-ho-k-v Xp-Sß - p∂-sX-∂-v ]m-ca- u-≠-v F-b¿-th-bk -v -v am-t\-Pnw-K-v Ub-dI - S-v ¿- Xym-Kc- m-P≥- ]-d™ p.- Z-£n-tW-¥y≥- hn]-Wn-bn¬- t\-Sn-b- hn-P-bw- ]-Sn-™m-d≥- ta-J-e-

bn-epw- B-h¿-Øn-°m≥sIm-®n-bn¬-\n-∂v- AI-gn-bp-sa-∂- hn-izm-k-apl-Ω-Zm-_m-Zn-te-bv-°pws≠-∂v- A-t±-lw- ]-dtKm-h-bn-te-bv-°pw- sN™p.ss∂- h-gn- ]m-c-au-≠v- ]pB-Uw-_c - ] - q¿-Wa- mXn-b- {]-Xn-Zn-\- k¿-ho-kpb- C-cn-∏n-S-ß-fpw- B-hIƒ- B-cw-`n-®n-cp-∂p.- ]m-ciy-Øn-\-v se-K-v kvt- ]-kpwau-≠-v tdm-bs- e- F-∂- t]an-I® - - `-£W - h - p-sa-√m-amcn¬- {^o-Iz-‚ v- ^vs - sf-b¿bn- B-I¿-jI - a- m-b- ku]-≤X - n-°v- ]m-ca- u-≠v- Xp-SI-cy-ß-fp-am-bn-´m-Wv- C-˛°-an-´n-cp-∂p.- tKmƒ-^-v sawsP-‰-v {_m≥-U-v ]m-ca- u-≠-v _¿-jn-]v,- kv] - m- ku-Ic - yF-b¿-th-bk v- v- H-cp-°p-∂X - v.- Z-£n-tW-¥y≥- ta-J- ߃,- {]-ap-J- kmw-kI v- m-cn-I- ]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ- F-∂ne-bn¬- 26 i-Xa- m-\w- hn-]W - n-hn-ln-Xw- t\-Sm≥- ]m- h-b° -v m-bn- ]m-ca- u-≠-v tdm-bs- e- Aw-Kß - ƒ-°-v £c-au-≠-v F-b¿-th-bk -v n-\p- I-gn-™p.Ww- e-`n-°pw.- ]m-ca- u-≠v- tdm-bs - e-bn¬- Aw-Ka- m-

Ip-∂X - n-\-v www.p-ar-amoun-ta-irw-ay-s.-com- F-∂- sh-_-v ssk-‰n¬- Hm-¨s - se-\m-bn- c-Pn-ÿ- sN-ømw.]m-ca- u-≠-v _p-´o-°-v F-∂- t]-cn¬- hn-]W - n-hne-tb-°m-fpw- Ip-d™ - \n-c° - n-ep-≈- C≥-˛^ - s v- sf‰v- tjm-∏nw-Kv- ku-Ic - y-ap-≠v.- bm-{X-°m¿-°v- sS-enhn-j\ - p-If - pw- d-{^n-Pt- d-‰d- p-If - pw- k-Ωm-\a- m-bn- e`n-°p-∂X - n-\-v e-°n- Un-]-v kv{- Im-®-v Im¿-Up-Iƒ- ]pXn-bX - m-bn- A-hX - c- n-∏n-®n-cp-∂p.- sh-_s-v sk-‰n¬-\n∂v- ko-‰pw- sa-\p-hpw- a-‰v- kv-s]-j¬- ku-I-cy-ßfpw- sX-cs- ™-Sp-°p-∂X - n-\-v I-gn-bpw.- A-Xs- √-¶n¬{Sm-h¬- G-P‚ - n-s\- k-ao-]n-°p-I.Sn-°‰- v- _p-°nw-Kn-\m-bn- 24 a-Wn-°q-dpw- {]-h¿Øn-°p-∂- tImƒ- sk-‚-dp-≠v.- \-º¿- :- 044 4343 4444,- tSmƒ- {^o- \-º¿- :- 1800 180 1234.-


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12

2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14

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Pn-\m-Wv- Cu- tam-U-en-\v.- a-Wn°q-dn¬- 301 In-tem-ao-‰¿- th-KX - h-sc- ssI-hc- n-°m≥- I-gn-bpw.- 0˛Øn¬- \n-∂v- 100 In-an- th-KX - b - nse-Øm≥- B¿-˛8- \v- th-≠X - -v tIh-ew- 4.-6 sk-°‚ - v- am-{Xw.-

lyq-≠m-bv- tam-t´m-gv-kv-: k¿-°m¿Po-h-\-°m¿-°p-≈- kv-Iow- \o-´nk

¿-°m¿- Po-h\ - ° - m¿-°-v lyq-≠m-b-v Im-dp-Iƒ- hm-ßm≥- Iº-\n- {]-Jym-]n-®- kvs - ]-j¬- Un-kI v- u-≠v- Hm-^¿- \-hw-_¿- h-sc\o-´n.- kvI - o-an-\v- e-`n-®- B-th-iI - c- a- m-b- kzo-Ic- W - a- m-Wv- Hm-^¿- Hcp- am-kt- Ø-°v- Iq-Sn- \o-´m≥- {]-tNm-Z\ - a- m-bX - v.- Un-kvI - u-≠v- kvIo-an¬- H-Ivt- Sm-_d- n¬- am-{Xw- 3000 Im-dp-If - m-Wv- hn-‰s - X-∂v- lyq≠m-bv- tam-t´m¿- C-¥y- ko-\n-b¿- ssh-kv- {]-kn-U-‚ v- A-c-hn-µvkm-It-v k-\- ]-d™ p.tÃ-‰-v _m-¶-v Hm-^-v C-¥y,- B-Ik -v n-k-v _m-¶,v - F-®U -v n-F^ - k -v n_m-¶v- F-∂n-hc- p-am-bn- tN¿-∂v- ^n-\m≥-kv- ku-Ic- y-hpw- k¿-°m¿Po-h\ - ° - m¿-°m-bn- lyq-≠m-bv- G¿-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.hn-hn-[- tam-U-ep-I-fn¬- k¿-°m¿- Po-h-\-°m¿-°v- {]-Jym-]n®n-´p-≈- Un-kI v- u-≠:v- - km≥-t{Sm- t\m-¨- F-kn-˛1- 7,-000 cq-],- km≥t{Sm- Pn-F¬,- Pn-F¬-Fk - v˛- 2- 2,-000 cq-],- sF- sS≥-˛1- 0,-000 cq-],- sK‰v-kv- 1.-1 ˛- 22,-000 cq-],- sK-‰v-kv- 1.-3˛-27,-000 cq-],- B-Iv-k-‚ v- F-Iv-knIyq-´o-hv˛- 1- 2,-000 cq-],- sh¿-W- ( s]-t{Smƒ-&- Uo-k¬- )-˛3- 1,-000 cq-]-

am-\z¬- 6˛-kv-]o-Uv- {Sm≥-anj≥- A-s√-¶n¬- 6˛-k] -v o-U-v B¿tSm-Wn-I-v Hm-]j -v \ - p-If - n-se-Øp-∂B¿-˛8- \v- A-ep-an-\n-bw- kvt- ]-kvs{^-bnw- t_m-Un-bm-Wp-≈X - v.Hm-Un-bp-sS- F-˛4- ,- F-˛6- ,- F-˛-

8 Iyq-˛-7,- Sn-Sn- tam-U-ep-Iƒ- Ct∏mƒ- \n-eh - n¬- C-¥y-bn¬- e`y-am-Wv.- B¿-˛-8 Dw- C-X-c- HmUn- tam-Ue - p-If - pw- sIm-®n- AS-°w- cm-Py-sØ- 12 Uo-e¿-jn∏p-Iƒ- h-gn- e-`y-am-W.v -

cyw- I-≠v- A-kz-Zn-®-h¿- 70000 t]¿- h-cpw.- 20000 A-t\z-j-W߃- X-s∂- B- am-kw- F-Øn.{]n-an-bw- sk-Um≥- hn-`m-KØ - n¬H-∂mw- ÿm-\w- C-tXm-sS- sImtdm-f- Aƒ-´n-k-v kz-¥a- m-°n-bn-cn°p-Ib - m-sW-∂-v I-º\ - n- A-hI - mi-s∏-´p.Aƒ-´n-kn-s‚- hn-P-b-Øn-\v]n-∂n¬- G-tIm-]n-Xa- m-b- hn-]W - \-X-{¥w- X-s∂-bm-sW-∂v- sSmtbm-´- In¿-tem-kI -v ¿- tam-t´m¿- en-

¿-a≥- e-£z-dn- Im¿- \n¿-am-Xm-°-fm-b- Hm-Un-°v- C¥y-bn¬- h≥- hn¬-]-\- h-f¿-®.- 2008 H-Iv-tSm-_-dn¬- ap≥h¿-j-sØ- A-t]-£n-®v- 312%- h-f¿-®-bm-Wv- hn¬-]-\-bn¬I-º\ - n- ssI-hc- n-®X - .v P-\p-hc - n-˛H - I - tv- Sm-_¿- Im-eb - f - h - n¬- sam-Øw- 884 Im-dpI-fm-Wv- I-º\ - n- C-¥y-bn¬- hn-‰X - v.- ap≥- h¿-jw- C-tX- Im-eb-fh - n¬- hn¬-]\ - - 292 Im-dp-Iƒ- am-{X-am-bn-cp-∂p.Xp-S¿-®b - m-bn- F-√m-am-kh - pw- an-I® - - hn¬-]\ - - t\-´w- ssIh-cn-°m≥- km-[n-®n-´p-s≠-∂pw- C-¥y-bn¬- Iq-Sp-X¬- ap-t∂‰-Øn-\-v X-øm-sd-Sp-°p-Ib - m-sW-∂pw- Hm-Un- C-¥y- am-t\-PnwKv- U-bd- I - Sv- ¿- s_-t\m-b‰v- v- S-tb-gk v- v- ]-d™ p.sIm-®n-bS- ° - w- 12 Uo-e¿-jn-∏p-If - m-W-v I-º\ - n-°-v C-¥ybn¬- D-≈X - v.- Hm-Un-bp-sS- {]-ik - vX - a- m-b- kvt- ]m¿-Svk - v- Im¿Hm-Un- B¿- 8 \-hw-_d- n- ¬- C-¥y≥- hn-]W - n-bn-se-Øn-°p∂-Xn-\p- ap-tº-Xs- ∂- 2008˛-te-°p-≈- ap-gp-h≥- Im-dp-If - pw- _p°p-sN-øs - ∏-´p-Ig- n-™n-cp-∂p.-

hym-P- kv-s]-b¿-]m¿-Sv-kp-Iƒ-s°-Xn-tc{]-Nm-c-W-hp-am-bn- S-tbm-´S

-tbm-´- In¿-tem-kv-°¿tam-t´m¿- D-]-tbm-‡m-°-fn¬hym-P- kv-s]-b¿-]m¿-Sv-kp-Iƒs°-Xn-tc- A-h-t_m-[-ap-≠m°p-∂X - n-\m-bn- ]p-Xn-b- {]-Nm-cW-]c- n-]m-Sn- B-cw-`n-®p.- "-t\m- SpIu-≠¿-s^-b‰-v '-v - F-∂- t]-cn-ep≈- {]-Nm-cW - w- \-hw-_¿- 30 hsc- Xp-Sc - pw.- C-¥y-bn-se-ºm-Spap-≈- 68 {Xo-F-kv- ˛- sk-bn¬,k¿-ho-kv,- kv-s]-b¿-]m¿-Sv-kv-

tI-{µ-ß-fn-eq-sS-bm-Wv- {]-Nm-cW-]c- n-]m-Sn- kw-LS- n-∏n-°p-∂X - .v _m-\d- p-Iƒ,- t]m-Ãd- p-Iƒ,- s{]mU-ISv- v- eo-^s v- e-‰p-Iƒ,- _m-UP v- pIƒ,- Xp-S-ßn-bn-eq-sS- D-]-tbm‡m-°s - f- t_m-[h - X - vI - c - n-°pw.Iq-Sm-sX- B-I¿-jI - a- m-b- k-Ωm\-߃- t\-Sm-\pw- A-hk - c- a- p-≠.v Iq-Sp-X¬- kp-c£ - n-Xh - pw- kuI-cy-{]-Zh - p-am-b- bm-{X-b° -v p-≈- Ah-kc - s - am-cp-°p-I- F-∂- S-tbm-´-

sImt dmf Aƒ´ nk n\ v dn° m¿U v hne v ] \ sIm-

tdm-f- Aƒ-´n-kv- hnev] - \ - b - n¬- dn-°m¿-U-v t\-´w- ssIh-cn-®m-Xm-bn- sSm-tbm-´- In¿-temkvI - ¿- tam-t´m¿- en-an-‰U - v.- sk-]v‰w-_¿- A-©n-\v- \n-cØ - n-en-d° - nb- Im¿- B-Zy-am-kw- X-s∂- 2500 F-Æw- hn-‰p.- 2000 Im-dp-I-fm-WvI-º\ - n- sk-]‰-v w-ºd- n¬- e-£y-an´n-cp-∂X - .v ]p-dØ - n-d° - n-b- am-kw- X-s∂sIm-tdm-fb - p-sS- ]-Ømw- X-ea- p-d°m-c\ - m-b- Aƒ-´n-kn-s‚- ku-µ-

Hm-Un- C-¥y-bv-°vH-Iv-tSm-_-dn¬312%- hn¬-]-\h-f¿-®-

an-‰-Uv- am¿-°-‰n-Mv- hn-`m-Kw- sU]yq-´n- am-t\-Pnw-Mv- U-b-d-Œ¿- kµo-]v- kn-Mv- ]-d™ p.- C-‚¿-s\-‰vam¿-°‰- n-Mv,- F-kv- Fw- F-kv- Imsº-bn≥,- tjm-∏p-I-fn-se- {]-Z¿i-\w- Xp-Sß - n-b- am¿-Kß - s - f-√mwhn-]-W-\-Øn-\m-bn- {]-tbm-P-\s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v- A-t±lw- ]-d™ p.aq-∂v- tam-U-ep-I-fn-em-WvsIm-tdm-f- Aƒ-´n-k-v ]p-dØ - n-d° - nbn-´p-≈X - v.- 1.-8 Pn- Fw-/- Sn,- 1.-8 Pn-

(F¬-)- Fw-/- Sn,- 1.-8 hn- (F¬-)- F/-Sn- F-∂n-hb - m-Wh - .- 8˛-th- ]-h¿ss{U-th-gv-kv- ko-‰v,- F-®v.- Un.sl-Uv-emw-]v,- Hm-Un-tbm-I-¨t{Smƒ,- Fw- Un- kzn-®v- F-∂n-htbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b- kv‰- o-bd- nw-M-v ho¬,H-]v-‰n-t{Sm-¨- ao-‰¿- F-∂n-h-sb√mw- Aƒ-´n-kn-s‚- {]-tXy-IX - b - mWv.- ap≥-tam-Ue - n-s\- A-t]-£n®v- G-gv- ]n.- F-kv.- D-b¿-Øn- 132 ]n.-F-kv.- I-cp-Øp- Aƒ-´n-kn-\p≠v.-

bp-sS- \-bØ - n-s‚- `m-Ka- m-bm-WvH-cp- am-kw- \o-≠p- \n-ev-°p-∂hm¿-jn-I- {]-Nm-cW - ] - c- n-]m-Sn- kwL-Sn-∏n-°p-∂s - X-∂-v S-tbm-´- In¿tem-k° -v ¿- tam-t´m¿- I-Ãa- ¿- k¿ho-kv- Un-hn-j≥- ko-\n-b¿- P-\d¬- am-t\-P¿- sI.- Ip-tdm-Z- ]-d™p.- hym-P- kvs - ]-b¿-]m¿-Svk - pI-fpw- a-‰pw- D-]t- bm-Kn-°p-∂X - n-eqsS- hm-l\ - ß - f - p-sS- {]-h¿-Ø\ - wX-In-Sw- a-dn-bp-Ib - pw- Iq-Sp-X¬- C-

‘-\ D- ] - t- bm-KØ - n-\-v Im-cW - a- mIp-Ib - pw- sN-øp-sa-∂-v A-t±-lwNq-≠n-°m-´n.- Iq-Sm-sX- s]-s´-∂p≈- t{_-°U -v u-Wp-Iƒ-°pw- kpc-£m-{]-i\ -v ß - ƒ-°pw- Im-cW - a- mIpw.- hm-l\ - ß - f - p-sS- B-bp-kvIq-´p-∂X - n-\m-bp-≈- S-tbm-´b - p-sSKp-Wt- a-∑m- tk-h\ - ß - s- f-°p-dn®pw- b-Ym¿-∞- kvs - ]-b¿-]m¿-S-v kp-Is- f-°p-dn-®pw- {]-Nm-cW - ] - c- n]m-Sn-bn¬- Du-∂¬- \-eI -v pw.-

Im¿- \n¿-am-Xm-°ƒ- D-Xv-]m-Z-\wIp-db - v° - m-s\m-cp-ßp-∂pkm

º - Ø - n-Ia- m-µy-sØ- Xp-S¿-∂v- hn-]W - n-bn¬- B-hi - yw- Ip-d™-Xn-\m¬- Im¿- \n¿-am-Xm-°ƒ- D-X] -v m-Z\ - w- Ip-db - ° -v m-s\m-cp-ßp-∂p.hm-Wn-Py- hm-l\ - ß - f - p-sS-bpw- C-cp-N{- I-hm-l\ - ß - f - p-sS-bpw- DXv] - m-Z\ - w- Ip-d® - X - n-\p- ]n-∂m-se-bm-W-v Im¿- \n¿-am-Xm-°ƒ- D-X] -v m-Z\w- Ip-db - ° -v p-∂X - .v - D-b¿-∂- ]-en-i- \n-c° - p-If - pw- hm-b] -v I - ƒ- e-`n-°p∂-Xn-\p-≈- _p-≤n-ap-´p-If - p-am-W-v Im¿- D-]t- bm-‡m-°s - f- ]n-¥n-cn-∏n°p-∂X - .v {]-ap-J- Im¿- \n¿-am-Xm-°f - m-b- am-cp-Xn- kp-kp-°n- 5˛-8 i-Xa- m-\wh-sc-bm-W-v \-hw-_d- n-epw- Un-kw-_d- n-epw- D-X] -v m-Z\ - w- Ip-db - ° -v m-s\mcp-ßp-∂X - .v - a-‰-v {]-ap-J- I-º\ - n-Iƒ- H-It-v Sm-_d- n¬- Nn-e- {]-tXy-I- tamU-ep-If - p-sS- D-X] v- m-Z\ - w- 20˛-24 i-Xa- m-\w- h-sc- Ip-d® - p.-

\n-b-aw-

bm-{X- sN-øp-∂- F-√m-h¿-°pw- ]-cn-c-£- D-d-∏m-°-W-sa-∂v- tI-c-f- ssl-t°m-S-Xnhm

l - \ - ß - f - n¬- bm-{X- sN-øp-∂- F-√m-h¿°pw- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- ]-cn-c£ - - D-d∏ - m-°W - s - a-∂vtI-cf - - ssl-t°m-SX - n- Un-hn-j≥- _-©v.- C-Xn\p-th-≠n- \n-eh - n-ep-≈- C≥-jz-d≥-k-v \n-ba- ß - ƒ]-cn-j° v- c - n-°p-∂- Im-cy-Øn¬- c-≠p- am-kØ - n\-Iw- dn-t∏m¿-´-v \-eI -v m-\pw- D-Øc - h - n-´p.{]-kn-≤o-Ic - W - - ÿm-]\ - Ø - n-s‚- D-Sa - ÿ X-bn-ep-≈- tam-t´m¿- ssk-°nƒ- Hm-Sn-°p-tºmƒD-≠m-b- A-]-I-S-Øn¬- ]-cn-t°-‰- Po-h-\-°mc-\v- \-jv-S-]-cn-lm-cw- A-\p-h-Zn-®- hm-l-\m-]I-S- ss{S-_yq-W-en-s‚- hn-[n-s°-Xn-tcC≥-jz-d≥-kv- I-º-\n- k-a¿-∏n-®- A-∏o¬]-cn-KW - n-°t- h-bm-Wp- t]m-cm-ba v- I - ƒ- P-Ãn-kvkn.-F≥.-cm-aN - {- µ≥- \m-b¿,- P-Ãn-kv- lm-cp-¨A¬- d-jo-Zv- F-∂n-h-c-S-ßp-∂- Un-hn-j≥- _©v- Nq-≠n-°m-´n-b-Xv.- tI-{µ- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- hIp-∏v- sk-{I-´-dn-°pw- K-Xm-K-X- h-Ip-∏v- sk-{I´-dn-°p-am-Wv- \n¿-tZ-iw.N-c-°p- hm-l-\-ß-fn¬- bm-{X- sN-øp-∂I¿-jI - - sXm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ-°pw- I-b‰ - n-d° - v- sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ-°pw- a-‰pw- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- ]-cn-c-£\-evI - p-∂- Im-cyw- ]-cn-KW - n-°W - s - a-∂p- tIm-SXn- t\-c-sØ- tI-{µ- k¿-°m-cn-\v\n¿-tZ-iw- \-evI - n-bn-cp-∂p.- tam-t´m¿- ssk°n-fp-Iƒ- Hm-Sn-°p-∂- D-S-a-I-f-√m-Ø-h¿-°pw-

]n≥-ko-‰v- bm-{X-°m¿-°pw- C-tX- ]-cn-c-£- D-d∏m-t°-≠-Xp-s≠-∂v- Un-hn-j≥- _-©v- Nq-≠n°m-´n.- km-aq-ln-I- kp-c-£-bm-Wv- C≥-jz-d≥kn-s‚- e-£y-sa-∂-Xn-\m¬- ]n≥-ko-‰v- bm-{XnI¿-°v- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- I-º-\n-I-fp-sS- hn-th-N-\{]-Im-cw- \-jv-S-]-cn-lm-cw- \-ev-Ip-∂- A-h-ÿam-‰n,- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- kw-c-£-Ww- In-´p-∂- kml-N-cyw- \n¿-_-‘-am-°-Ww.- kz-Im-cy- hm-l-

tem- t]m-bn‚v\-ß-fn¬- bm-{X- sN-øp-∂-h¿-°pw- C-tX- co-Xnbn¬- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- kw-c£ - W - w- D-d∏ - p-hc - p-ØWw.- k-ºq¿-W- C≥-jz-d≥-kv- D-s≠-¶n¬- t]mepw- ss{U-h¿-°v- am-{X-ta- C-t∏mƒ- kw-c-£W-ap-≈q.- D-Sa - I - ƒ-°v- t]m-epw- A-]I - S- w- D-≠mbm¬- \-jv-S-]-cn-lm-cw- e-`n-°n-√.- \m-Wy-s∏cp-∏w- ]-cn-KW - n-®v- \-jvS- ] - c - n-lm-c- kw-Jy-bp-sStXm-Xpw- D-b¿-tØ-≠X - p-s≠-∂p- Un-hn-j≥- _©v- F-Sp-Øp-Im-´n.-

f- ssl-t°m-S-Xn- Un-hn-j≥- _-©v- X-≈n.t]m-eo-kv- A-tkm-kn-tb-j-s‚- cm-jv-{So-bNm-bh -v -v A-t\z-jn-°p-I,- t]m-eo-kp-Im¿-°-v t£a- ku-I-cy-߃- \¬-Im≥- k¿-°m-cn-\p- \n¿tZ-iw- \¬-Ip-I- Xp-S-ßn-b- B-h-iy-߃- Iq-SnD-∂b - n-®p-sIm-≠v- tIm-´b - w- A-tkm-kn-tb-j≥Hm-^v- tkm-jy¬- ssd-‰v-kv- k-a¿-∏n-®- l¿-Pnbm-Wv- No-^v- P-Ãn-kv- F-®v.-F¬.- Z-Øp,- P-ÃnI-cn-°w-]≈ - n¬-

kv- F.-sI- _-jo¿- F-∂n-hc - pƒ-s∏-´- Un-hn-j≥_-©v- X-≈n-b-Xv.k¿-°m¿- Po-h-\-°m¿-°p-≈- s]-cp-am-‰-N´-߃-{]-Im-cw- t]m-eo-kv- tk-\mw-Kß - ƒ-°v- cmjv{- So-b- A-^n-en-tb-j≥- A-\p-hZ- \ - o-ba - s - √-∂mbn-cp-∂p- l¿-Pn-bn-se- {]-[m-\h - m-Zw.- t]m-eo-kpIm-cp-sS- cm-j{-v So-b- Nm-bh -v -v kz-X{- ¥-hpw- \n-j] -v £-hp-am-b- {]-h¿-Ø\ - Ø - n-\v- X-Sk - w- kr-jvS- n°p-∂X - m-sW-∂v- l¿-Pn- `m-Kw- t_m-[n-∏n-®p.th-≠-{X- sX-fn-hp-I-fn-√m-sX- l¿-Pn-bn¬t]m-eo-kv- kw-LS- \ - :- - l¿-Pn- X-≈nD-∂b - n-®- Im-cy-Øn¬- C-Ss - ]-Sm-\m-In-s√-∂p- hy- n-°m≥- l¿t]m-eo-kn¬- kw-L-S-\m- {]-h¿-Ø-\w- \n- ‡-am-°n-bt- Xm-sS- l¿-Pn- ]≥-he tcm-[n-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iy-s∏-´p-≈- l¿-Pn- tI-c- Pn-`m-Kw- A-\p-a-Xn- tX-Sp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.- C-tX-

Øp-S¿-∂v- B-[n-Im-cn-I-am-b- tc-J-Iƒ-k-lnXw- C-tX- hn-j-b-Øn¬- ho-≠pw- l¿-Pn- \¬Im≥- X-S-k-an-s√-∂v- hy-‡-am-°n-bm-Wv- Unhn-j≥- _-©v- l¿-Pn- X-≈n-b-Xv.-

k-_k -v n-Un- \n-tj-[n-® D-Øc- h- -v d-±m-°nhy-h-km-b- ÿm-]-\-߃- B-[p-\n-I-hXv° - c - n-°p-∂X - n-\v- F-Sp-°p-∂- hm-b] v- b - p-sS- 12 i-X-am-\w- k¿-°m¿- k-_v-kn-Un-bm-bn- \-evIp-∂-Xv- ap≥-Im-e- {]m-_-ey-tØm-sS- \n-tj[n-®- hy-h-km-b- h-Ip-∏v- U-b-d-Iv-S-dp-sS- D-Øc-hv- tI-c-f- ssl-t°m-S-Xn- d-±m-°n.tIm-S\ - m-S-v B-em-´p-Nn-d- ta-°m-am-en¬- t]mfn-ta-gvk - v- am-t\-Pnw-Kv- U-bd - I - vS- ¿- A-_n-k¨ - h¿-Ko-kv- k-a¿-∏n-®- l¿-Pn-bn-em-Wv- P-Ãn-kvhn.- Kn-cn-bp-sS- hn-[n.2008 P-\p-h-cn- aq-∂n-\p- ]p-d-s∏-Sp-hn-®- DØ-c-hv- {]-Im-cw- l¿-Pn-`m-Kw- ÿm-]-\-Øn-\ve-`n-t°-≠- k-_v-kn-Un-bm-Wv- hy-h-km-b-hIp-∏v- U-b-d-Iv-S¿- \n-tj-[n-®-Xv.- _m-¶v- hm-bv]-bp-sS- A-h-km-\- K-Up- In-´p-∂-Xn-ep-≠m-bIm-eX - m-ak - w-aq-ew- l¿-Pn- ÿm-]\ - w- k-_-v kn-Un-°v- A-t]-£n-®t- ∏mƒ- 2007 G-{]n¬- H∂p- ap-X¬- kvI - ow- ]n≥-he - n-°s - ∏-´n-cp-∂p.- CXn-s\-Xn-tc-bm-bn-cp-∂p- tIm-SX - n-sb- k-ao-]n-®X - .v -


km-t¶-Xn-Iw-

2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14

13

ssk_¿- Ip-‰Ir-Xy-ßfn¬-\n-∂vIp-´n-Isf ]n-¥n-cn-∏n-°m≥ ssk

_¿- Ip-‰Ir-Xy-ßfn¬-\n-∂p- Ip-´nIsf Fßs\ ]n-¥n-cn-∏n-°m-sa∂v- BtemNn-®p- Xe]p-Ibv° - p-∂ am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ-°pwA[ym-]I¿-°pw- C\n- Hcp- au-k-v ¢n-°n-eq-sS ]cn-lm-cw- e`n-°pw.www.indianchild.com F∂ sh_v ssk‰n-em-Wv- C‚¿-s\‰n-s‚ kp-c£n-Xam-b D]tbm-KsØ°pdn-®v- hn-iZam-bn- {]Xn-]m-Zn°p-∂Xv.- sNdp-{]m-bØn¬- \n-jI v- f¶Xbpw-

{]thin-°m≥- km-[y-Xbp-≠v.- CØcw- kmlcy-sØ XSbm-\p-≈ {]tXy-IXcw- tkm-^-v ‰vs- hbdp-Isf°p-dn-®-v ssk‰v- hn-hcn-°p-∂p.- am{Xa√,- C˛sabn¬- `o-jWn,- ho-Un-tbm- thm-b-v kv- Nm-‰nw-Kn-eq-sSbp-≈ ieyw- sNø¬- XpSßnb ssk_¿Ip-‰ßƒ-s°Xn-sc ]cm-Xn- ka¿∏n-t°≠ co-Xn-Isf°p-dn-®pw- ssk‰n-ep-≠.v C‚¿-s\‰v- kp-c£bv° - p- ]p-dsa _m-ekmln-Xyw-,- \gvk - dn- ]m-´p-Iƒ,- sNdp-IYIƒ,- ]mNI°p- d n- ∏ p- I ƒ,- Xam- i Iƒ,- tNm- t ZymØc߃- Xp-Sßn-b hn-`m-Kßfp-w- sh_vssk‰n-ep-≠v.- am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ-°pw- A[ym]I¿-°pw- \n¿-tZi߃- \¬Ip-∂ C¥yssN¬-Uv- tUm-´v- tImw- Ip-´n-Ifp-sS tNmZy߃-°p-ap-∂n¬- A[ym-]Is‚ thjØnepw- {]Xy-£s∏Sp-∂p.\o-eØn-anw-KeØn-s‚ hep-∏sa{X,thKØn¬- \o-¥p-∂ a’y-taXv- Xp-Sßn-b Ip´n-Ifp-sS tNm-Zy-߃-°mWv- sh_vs- sk‰v- adp]Sn- \¬-Ip-∂Xv.-

sS-Iv- \yqB‚Wn- sjen≥ ]hn-{XXbpw- \jvS- s∏Sp-Øm-sX ]p-Xp-Xeapdbv-°v- C‚¿-s\‰n-s\bpw- Iºyq-´dn-s\bpw]cn-Nbs∏Sp-Øp-Ibm-W-v sh_vs - sk‰v.C‚¿-s\‰p-am-bn- _‘w- ]p-e¿-Øp-∂ Ip´n- I ƒ- A«o- e sh_v - s sk‰p- I fnte°v -

C˛am-en-\ywhn-

hc - - km-t¶-XI - h - n-Zy- A-\p-Zn-\wh-fc - p-tºmƒ- tem-IP - \ - X - s - b- B-i¶ - s - ∏-

Sp-Øp-∂- X-cØ - n¬- h¿-[n-®p-hc - n-Ib - m-Wv"-C˛- a- m-en-\yw-'- A-Yh - m- C-eI - tv- {Sm-Wn-Ik v- v-

th-bk -v ‰-v .v sF-Sn- D-]I - c- W - ß - f - m-b- I-ºyq-´d- pw- a‰v- C-eI - tv- {Sm-Wn-Ik v- v- h-kX v- p°-fpw- A-h- D-t]-£n-°p-∂p.C-ßs- \-bp-≈- ]m-gh -v k - X -v p-°sf-bm-Wv- C-˛t- h-bk v- ‰v- v- F-∂v\n¿-hN - n-°p-∂X - .v sa¿-°p-dn,- se-Uv,- ImUva- n-bw- Xp-Sß - n-b- aq-eI - ß - ƒC-˛t- h-bvk - ‰- n-ep-≠m-Ipw.- imkv-{Xo-b-am-bn- A-h- \n¿-am¿P-\w- sN-bv-Xn-s√¶n¬- am-\h - c- m-in-°vam-cI - t- cm-Kß - ƒ- kΩm-\n-°m≥- I-gn-hp≈-hb - m-W-v C-˛t- h-b-v kv‰- .v C-eI - t-v {Sm-Wn-I-v D-]I - c- W - ß-fp-sS- \n¿-am-Wt- h-fb - n¬- aen-\o-I-c-W- tXm-Xv- Ip-d-bv°m≥- 1998˛¬- bq-tdm-]y≥- bqWn-b≥- Aw-Kc- m-Py-߃-°n-Sbn¬- Nn-e- \n¿-tZ-iß - ƒ- ap-t∂m-´p-h® - p.- XpS¿-∂v- 2003 s^-{_p-h-cn-bn¬- B¿-H-F-®v-

I-º-\n-

]nc-anUv kmbvandbv-°v75 iXam\w hf¿® ]nc-anUv kmbvand Xntb‰¿ en-an-‰Uv \S∏p kmº-ØnI h¿jsØ c≠mw ]mZ-Øn¬ 252.25 tImSn cq]-bpsS hn‰p-hc - hv t\Sn. 144.16 tImSn cq]-bm-bn-cp∂p Ign™ h¿jw CtX Ime-bf-hnse hn‰p-h-chv. 75 iX-am\w h¿≤-\. BZy Bdp-am-ksØ hn‰p-hc - h - n-ep-≠mb h-f¿® 88 iX-am-\a- m-Wv. ap≥h¿jw 266.89 tIm-Sn-bm-bn-cp∂p hn‰p-hc - s - h-¶n¬ CØ-hW CXv 502.39 tImSn cq]-bmbn IpXn-®p-b¿∂p. ]t£ A‰m-Zm-bØ - n¬ Ipdhv A\p-`h - s- ∏´p. Ign™ c≠mw ]mZ-Ønse A‰m-Zm-bw 15.11 tImSn cq]-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ Cu h¿jw CXv 8.7 tImSn cq]-bm-W.v \S∏p h¿jsØ BZy Bdp-amksØ A‰m-Zmbw 22.2 tImSn cq]-bm-W.v Ign™ h¿jw CtX Ime-b-f-hn¬ 31.12 tImSn cq]-bm-bn-cp-∂p A‰m-Zm-bw. hnhn[ hkvXp-°f - psS hne-°b - ‰w ImcWw sNehv h¿[n-®X - mWv em`w Ipd-bm≥ Imc-Ws- a∂v ]nc-anUv kmbvand {Kq∏v sNb¿am\pw amt\Pnßvv Ub-dI - Sv d- p-amb ]n.F-k.v kman-\m-Y≥ ]d-™p. c≠p h¿jambn hnI-k\ cwKØv IpXn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂ {Kq∏v C\n t\´ßƒ Ac-s°-´p-d-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-emWv {i≤n-°p-∂-Xv. \jvS-ØntemSp∂ 57 kv{Io\p-Iƒ \S∏p h¿jw Dt]-£n-°p-Ib - p-≠m-bn. cmPyØn\-IØv Ct∏mƒ Iº-\n°v 745 kv{Io\p-If - m-Wp-≈X - v. atejy, ssN\, knwK-∏q¿, hSt° Ata-cn° F∂n-hn-Sß - f - nepw ]nc-anUv kmbvandbv°v kn\nam ime-Ifp≠v. \S-∏p-h¿jw atejybnepw, ssN\-bn-epw bYm-{Iaw aq∂pw c≠pw kv{Io-\p-It- fmSp IqSnb aƒSnsπIvkp-Iƒ Bcw-`n-°p-Ib - p-≠m-bn. Xotb-‰¿ \S-Øn-∏n\p ]p-dsa kn\nam \n¿Ωm-Ww, hnX-cW - w, sKbn-an-ß,v B\n-ta-j≥, Snhn, tdUntbm ]cn-]m-Sn-If - psS \n¿ΩmWw, tlm´¬, dnb¬ FtÉv XpS-ßnb taJ-eI - f - nepw ]nc-anUv kmbvandbv°v km∂n[yap≠v. ]Xn-s\´p amk-Øn-\Iw Z£ntW¥ybnse 250 Xotb-‰d- p-Iƒ 200 tImSn cq] apS°n \ho-Ic - n°m≥ ]nc-anUv kmbvand ]≤Xn Xøm-dm-°n-bn-´p-≠v.

F-kv- F-∂- t]-cn¬- \n¿-tZ-iß - ƒ-°v- A¥n-ac- q-]w- \¬-In.- 2006 Pq-sse- H-∂p-ap-X¬\-S∏ - n-em-°n.B¿-HF - ® - F v- k - v- F-∂X - v- H-cp- \n-ba- a- √.- F-∂m¬- B¿-HF - ® - vF - k - v- \n-b{- ¥-W߃- ]m-en-°p-∂- C-eI - tv- {Sm-Wn-Ik v- v- D-]I-cW - ß - ƒ- am-{X-ta- hn¬-°m-\pw- hn-Xc- W - wsN-øm-\pw- km-[n-°p-Ib - p-≈q.C-eI - tv- {Sm-Wn-Ik v- v- D-]I - c- W - ß - f - p-sS\n¿-am-WØ - n¬- Im-Uva- o-bw,- se-Uv,- sa¿°p-dn,- sl-Ik -v h - m-e‚ - -v t{Im-an-bw,- t]m-fnt{_m- a nt\- ‰ - U vss_s^-\n¬,t]m-fnt{_m-an-t\-‰U - -v Cu-X¿- Xp-Sß - n-b- B-d-v amc-I- hn-jh - k - vX - p-°f - p-sS- \n-b{- ¥-Ww- D-d∏p-hc- p-Øp-Is- b-∂X - m-W-v B¿-HF - ® - F -v k - -v sIm-≠-v D-t±-in-°p-∂X - .v cm-Py-kp-c£ - ,- ssk-\n-Im-hi - y-߃F-∂n-hb - ° v- p-th-≠n- \n¿-an-°p-∂- D-]I - c - W-ßs- f- B¿-HF - ® - F -v k - n-s‚- ]-cn-[n-bn¬\n-∂p- H-gn-hm-°n-bn-´p-≠v.-

{Ko≥- Iºyq-´nw-Kv]

cn-kY -v n-Xn- ku-lm¿-±]cam-b ssPhhn-LS\Øn\v- hn-t[bam-Ip-∂ ]Zm¿-Yßfp-]tbm-Kn-®p-≈ Iºyq-´¿\n-¿-am-Whn-Zy-bm-Wv- {Ko≥- Iºyq-´nw-Kv.- BtKm-f Xm]\Øn-\-v Im-cWam-Ip-∂ lcn-XKr-l hm-XIßfp-sS ]pd¥≈¬- ]cam-h[n- Ip-dbv° - p-I F∂Xm-W-v {Ko≥- Iºyq´nw-K-v e£y-an-Sp-∂Xv.Iºyq-´¿- hym-]Iam-bn- D]tbm-Kn-°p-∂ thfbn¬- {Ko≥- Iºyq-´nw-K-v F∂ Bibw- h≥- {]Nm-cw- t\Sn-°gn-™p.Iºyq-´¿- hn¬-]\ cw-KsØ {]ap-J Iº\n-Ifm-b set\m-h,- Fbvk - ¿,- C‚¬,- sF_n-Fw-,- B∏nƒ Xp-Sßnbh¿- {Ko≥- Iºyq-´nw-Kv- am-Xr-Ibm-Wv- \n¿-am-W {]{Inbbn¬- ]n-¥p-Scp-∂Xv.-

Syq_- -v C≥-sh-Ãs-v a-‚ n\- -v 90.-36 tIm-Sn- cq-]A¿-[h- m¿-jnI- - em-`wSyq-

_v- C≥-sh-Ãv-sa-‚ vHm-^-v C-¥y- sk-]‰-v w-_¿- 30˛\vA- h - k m- \ n- ® - A¿- [ - h ¿- j Øn¬- 90.-36 tIm-Sn- cq-]- em-`wt\-Sn.- 1173.-92 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bp-sShn-‰p-h-c-hm-Wv- Cu- Im-e-b-fhn¬- I-º\ - n- ssI-hc - n-®X - v.c-≠mw- ]m-Z-Øn¬- am-{Xw54.-58 tIm-Sn- cq-]b - m-Wv- I-º\ - nbp-sS- {]-h¿-Ø\ - e - m-`w.- 635.-76 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bm-Wv- c-≠mw- ]m-ZØn¬- I-º\ - n-bp-sS- hn-‰p-hc- h - .v ap≥-h¿-jw- C-Xv- 424.-64 tIm-Sncq-]- am-{X-am-bn-cp-∂p.sN-e-hv- \n-b-{¥n-°p-∂-Xnepw,- sa-®s- ∏-´- D-]t- bm-‡r- kwXr-]X -v n- \n-eh - m-cw- ]p-e¿-Øp-∂Xn-epw- Im-Wn-®- {i-≤b - m-Wv- Iº-\n-bp-sS- Cu- an-I® - - {]-IS- \ - Øn-\-v B-[m-cw.- am-t\-Pnw-K-v Ub-dI - S-v ¿- cmw-Ip-am¿- ]-d™ p.Sn-sF- ssk-°nƒ-k,v - Syq-_-v s{]m-U-Iv-‰v-kv,- Sn-sF- sa-‰¬t^m-anw-Kv- F- ∂o- I-º\ - n-If - mWv- Syq-_v- C≥-sh-Ãv-sa-‚ v- Hm^v- C-¥y-b° -v -v Io-gn-ep-≈X - .v - sNss∂- B-ÿm-\a- m-b- ap-cp-K∏ - {Kq-∏v- I-º\ - n-bm-Wv- Syq-_v- C≥sh-Ãvs - a-‚ v- Hm-^v- C-¥y.-

G‰hpw thK-Øn¬ hf-cp∂ CS-Øcw \n¿ΩmW Iº-\n-°p≈ Bdm-aXv hm¿jnI I¨kv{S-Ivj≥ thƒUv Ahm¿Uv 2008, am¿Kv FIvknIyq´ohv Ub-d-IvS¿ (]-›mØe hnI-k-\w) _n.-Pn.-ta-t\m≥ apw-ss_-bn¬ tN¿∂ NS-ßn¬ G‰p-hm-ßp-∂p.

am¿Kn\v I¨kv{S-Ivj≥ thƒUv Ahm¿Uv an

I - ® - - h-f¿-®- ssI-hc- n-®psIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂- C-SØ - c- w- \n¿Ωm-W- I-º\ - n-°p-≈- B-dm-aX - vI-¨k - {-v S-Ij -v ≥- thƒ-U-v A-hm¿Uv- am¿-K-v en-an-‰U - n-\-v e-`n-®p.- apwss_-bn¬- tN¿-∂- N-S-ßn¬am¿-Kv- F-Ik v- n-Iyq-´o-hv- U-bd- I - vS¿- (C≥-{^m-k{-v S-IN -v ¿-)- _n.-Pn.ta-t\m≥- A-hm¿-U-v G-‰p-hm-ßn.-

Xp-d-ap-J-߃,- I-b-‰p-a-Xnkw-k° v- c- W - - ta-Je - I - ƒ,- sF.Sn- ]m¿-°p-Iƒ,- am-fp-Iƒ,- `-h\ - ]-≤-Xn-Iƒ- F-∂n-h- ]-Wn-XpsIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂- am¿-K-v cm-Py-Øns‚- A-Sn-ÿm-\- ku-Ic - y- hn-Ik-\- ta-Je - b - n¬- an-I® - - kw-`mh-\b - m-W-v \¬-In- h-cp-∂s - X-∂-v I-º\ - n- sN-b¿-am-\pw- am-t\-Pnw-

Kv- U-bd- I - S-v d- p-am-b- Pn.-B¿.-sI.sd-Õn- ]-d-™p.- ]p-Xn-b- {]-tZi-߃- sX-c™ S- p-Ø-v hn-Ik - n∏n-°p-∂X - n¬- {i-≤n-°p-∂- am¿Kv,- C-t∏mƒ- ]p-Xn-b- sN-ss∂ta-Je - b - p-tS-bpw- Im-cb - ° -v e - n-t‚bpw- k-a-{K-hn-I-k-\-Øn-\m-bn\n-ch - [ - n- ]-≤X - n-Iƒ- \-S∏ - m-°nh-cn-Ib - m-W.v -


14

tjm-∏nw-Kv-

2008 Un-k-w_¿- 01˛14

dn-e-b≥-kv- s{S≥-Uv-kv,- ssSw-Hu-´v,^p-´v-{]n-‚ v- sIm-®n-bn¬t{Im-kv-td-m-Uv- \yq-kv-

dn-

e-b≥-kv- do-s´-bv-en-s‚- dn-e-b≥-kv- s{S≥-Uv-kv,- dn-e-b≥-kvssSw-Hu-´v,- dn-e-b≥-kv- ^p-´v-{]n-‚ v- F-∂n-h- sIm-®n-bn-epw.- h-kv-{X߃,- B-Ik -v k - d- n-Iƒ- F-∂n-hb - p-sS- kvs - ]-jm-en-‰n- tÃm-dm-W-v dn-eb≥-kv- s{S≥-Uk v- v.- ]p-kX v- I - ß - ƒ,- ayq-kn-Iv,- tÃ-j\ - d- n- F-∂n-hb - psS- kv-s]-jm-en-‰n- tÃm-dm-Wv- dn-e-b≥-kv- ssSw-Hu-´v-;- sN-cp-∏p-Iƒ,lm≥-U_ -v m-Kp-Iƒ,- B-Ik -v k - d- n-Iƒ- F-∂n-hb - p-sS- {]-tXy-I- ti-Jc-sam-cp-°p-∂p- dn-eb - ≥-kv- ^p-´v{- ]n-‚ v.- sIm-®n-bn-se- B-Zy- am-fm-bH-_tv- dm-¨- am-fn-em-Wv- Cu- aq-∂p- tÃm-dp-If - pw.an-I® - - C-¥y≥- {_m≥-Up-If - pw- A-¥m-cm-j{-v S- {_m≥-Up-If - pw- e`y-am-Ip-∂- 28,-000 N-Xp-c{- i-bS- n- h-en-∏Ø - n-ep-≈- tjm-∏nw-K-v tI-{µ-amWv- dn-eb - ≥-kv- s{S≥-Uvk - v.- 21,-000 N-Xp-c{- i-bS- n-bn-em-Wv- dn-eb - ≥-kvssSw-Hu-´v- H-cp-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂X - v.- sIm-®n-bn-se- G-‰h - pw- h-en-b- ^p-´vsh-b¿- hn-e] v- \ - t- I-{µ-am-Wv- F-Æm-bn-cw- N-Xp-c{- i-bS- n-bn¬- X-bm-dm°n-bn-cn-°p-∂- dn-eb - ≥-kv- ^p-´{v- ]n-‚ v.- tem-I\ - n-eh - m-cØ - n¬,- B-[p\n-I- ku-Ic - y-ßt- fm-sS- cq-]I - ¬-∏\ - - sN-bX v- n-cn-°p-∂- tÃm-dp-IƒIp-Spw-_Ø - n-se- F-√m-hc - p-sS-bpw- B-hi - y-߃-°v- A-\p-tbm-Py-amb-hb - m-W.v dn-eb - ≥-k-v {^-j-v tÃm-dp-It- fm-Sp- tN¿-∂-v B-cw-`n-®n-cn-°p-∂- ]pXn-b- aq-∂v- tÃm-dp-If - pw- sIm-®n- \-Kc - Ø - n-se- D-]t- bm-‡m-°ƒ-°vA-¥m-cm-j{-v S- \n-eh - m-cØ - n-ep-≈- tjm-∏nw-K-v A-\p-`h - a- m-bn-cn-°p-sa∂v- ]p-Xn-b- tÃm-dp-If - p-sS- D-ZL v- m-S\ - t- Øm-S\ - p-_‘ - n-®v- dn-eb - ≥-kvdo-s´-bv¬,- Hm-∏t- d-j≥-kv- B≥-Uv- kv{- Sm-‰P - n,- {]-kn-U‚ - pw- No-^v- FIvk - n-Iyq-´o-hp-am-b- c-Lp- ]n-≈- ]-d™ p.- an-I® - - hn-eb - n¬- Kp-Wt- a∑-bp-≈- hn-hn-[- D-Xv-]-∂-ß-fpw- tk-h-\-ß-fpw- C-hn-sS- e-`y-am-Wv.-

C-¥y-bn-se-ßpw- do-s´-bv¬- hn-πh - Ø - n-\v- Xp-S° - w- Ip-dn-°p-∂X - n-\p≈- ]-cn-{i-aØ - n-se- {]-[m-\s - ∏-´- \m-gn-I° - √ - m-Wn-sX-∂v- A-t±-lw]-d™ - p.dn-e-b≥-kv- ssSw-Hu-´n-s‚- sIm-®n-bn-se- B-Zy- tÃm¿- B-cw-`n°p-∂X - n¬- k-t¥m-ja- p-s≠-∂v- dn-eb - ≥-kv- sse-^vs - sì- {]-knU-‚pw- No-^-v F-Ik -v n-Iyq-´o-hp-am-b- _n-tPm- Ip-cy≥- ]-d™ p.- hn-t\mtZm-]m-[n-I-fp-sS- do-s´-bv-enw-Kv- cw-K-Øv- ]p-Xn-sbm-cp- Im-e-L-´-Øn\p- Xp-S° - w- Ip-dn-°m≥- I-gn-bp-sa-∂m-Wv- {]-Xo-£s - b-∂v- A-t±-lwNq-≠n-°m-´n.Kp-W-ta-∑-bp-sS- Im-cy-Øn¬- dn-e-b≥-kv- s{S≥-Un-\v- {]-tXy-I{i-≤b - p-s≠-∂v- dn-eb - ≥-kv- s{S≥-Uk v- v- No-^v- F-Ik v- n-Iyq-´o-hv- A-cp¨- kn¿-tZ-iva- p-Jv- ]-d™ p.- A-¥m-cm-jv{- S- \n-eh - m-cØ - n-ep-≈- I-gnhp-‰- {]-^j - W - e - p-If - p-sS- t\-Xr-Xz-Øn-em-Wv- Kp-Wt- a-∑- D-d∏ - p-hc - pØp-∂X - .v - A-ta-cn-°≥- A-tkm-kn-tb-j≥- Hm-^-v sS-Is-v sì-k,v - sIan-Ãk -v -v B≥-U-v I-fd- n-Ãk -v ,v - A-ta-cn-°≥- Ãm≥-Um¿-U,v - sF-Fk - H -v ,_n-sF-Fk - v- Xp-Sß - n-b- Kp-W\ - n-eh - m-cw- D-d∏ - m-°p-∂p-s≠-∂v- A-t±lw- ]-d™ p.tem-Is - a-ßp-\n-∂p-ap-≈- an-I® - - {_m≥-Up-If - pw- dn-eb - ≥-kn-s‚kz-¥w- I-f£ - \ - pw- H-cp- Iq-cb - ° -v p- Io-gn¬- sIm-®n-bn¬- e-`y-am-Ip-sa∂v- dn-eb - ≥-k-v ^p-´{-v ]n-‚ -v No-^-v F-Ik -v n-Iyq-´o-h-v tKm-]m-eI - r-jW -v ≥i-¶¿- ]-d™ p.- Hm-tcm- ]¿-t®-bk v- n-\p-sam-∏w- D-]t- bm-‡m-Xm-°ƒ°v- dn-eb - ≥-kh v- ¨ - - t]m-bn-‚p-Iƒ- kz-¥a- m-°mw.- A-¥m-cm-j{v- S- \ne-hm-cØ - n-ep-≈- tk-h\ - h - pw- D-Xv] - ∂ - \ - n-cb - pw- Kp-Wt- a-∑b - pw- tjm∏nw-Kv- A-\p-`h - h - pw- D-]t- bm-‡m-°ƒ-°v- sXm-´d- n-bm-sa-∂v- A-t±-lw]-d™ - p.dn-eb - ≥-kv- C≥-Uk - v{- So-kv- en-an-‰U - v- sN-b¿-am-\pw- am-t\-Pnw-KvU-bd- I - Sv- d- p-am-b- ap-tI-jv- Aw-_m-\n-bp-sS- Im-gN v- ∏ - m-Sp-Iƒ-°v- A-\pkr-Xa- m-bn- D-]t- bm-‡m-°ƒ-°f - p-sS- C-jSv- Ø - n-\v- A-\p-kc - n-®p-≈an-I® - - D-X] v- ∂ - ß - f - pw- tk-h\ - ß - f - pw- e-`y-am-°p-Ib - m-Wv- dn-eb - ≥-kvdo-s´-bv¬.h-k{v- X-߃,- e-tK-Pv,- B-Ik v- k - d- o-kv- F-∂n-hb - ° v- m-bp-≈- dn-e-

b≥-kv- do-s´-bv¬- hn-`m-Ka- m-Wv- dn-eb - ≥-kv- s{S≥-Uvk - v.- ]p-cp-j∑ - m¿°pw- kv{- Xo-Iƒ-°pw- Ip-´n-Iƒ-°p-am-bp-≈- hn-`m-Kß - f - n¬- D-]t- bm‡m-°-fp-sS- B-h-iy-Øn-\v- A-\p-k-cn-®v- an-I-®- hn-e-bn¬- hn-hn-[{_m≥-U-v D-X] -v ∂ - ß - ƒ- e-`y-am-°p-∂p.G-‰h - pw- B-[p-\n-I- D-X] -v ∂ - ß-fm-b- F-h¿- ssh-‰-v j¿-´p-Iƒ,B-‚ n- sÃ-bn≥- {Su-kd- p-Iƒ,- dn¶n¬- {^o- {Su-k-dp-Iƒ,- in-ip°ƒ-°m-bn- A-tcm-am-‰n-Iv- h-kv{X-߃,- s]¿-t^m-am-Ivk - v- \n-cbn-ep-≈- kvt- ]m¿-Sk -v s -v h-b¿- XpS-ßn-b-h- dn-e-b≥-kv- s{S≥-Uvkn¬- e-`y-am-Wv.- C-kX v- n-cn-bn-Sp∂-Xn-\pw- A-e° - p-∂X - n-\pw- D-W°p-∂X - n-\p-ap-≈- _p-≤n-ap-´p-Iƒ]-c-am-h-[n- Ip-d-bv-°p-∂-Xm-WvCu- D-X] -v ∂ - ß - ƒ.]p-cp-j∑ - m¿-°pw- kv{- Xo-Iƒ°pw- D-]t- bm-Kn-°m≥- I-gn-bp-∂t^m¿-a¬- {_m≥-Up-If - m-b- s\‰vh - ¿-°v,- kva- m¿-´v- Im-jz¬- tiJ-ca- m-b- s\-‰vt- π- F-∂n-h- C-hnsS- e-`y-am-Wv.- C-¥y-bn-se- bphm-°s - f- e-£y-an-´-v cq-]s - ∏-Sp-Øn-b- ^m-j≥- Km¿-sa-‚p-Iƒ- A-Sß - nb-Xm-W-v Un-F≥-Fw-FI - k -v .v - ]p-cp-j∑ - m¿-°m-bp-≈- C-∂¿-sh-b¿,- tem©vs - h-b¿- ti-Jc- a- m-W-v {Km-hn-‰n.C-¥y≥- co-Xnbn-ep-≈- h-kv-{X߃- C-jv-S-s∏-Sp∂- kv-{Xo-Iƒ-°mbp- ≈ - {]- t Xy- I {_m≥-Um-Wv- kv]m¿-jv.- k¬-hm¿Ip¿-Ø-Iƒ,- Np-cnZm-dp-Iƒ,- an-Iv-kvB≥-Uv- am-®v- \n-cbn-ep-≈- h-kv-{X߃- F-∂n-h-bmWv - Cu- {_m≥Un¬- e-`y-am-Ip-∂Xv.- h-\n-XI - ƒ-°mbp-≈- C-∂¿-sh-bdp-If - p-sS-bpw- …o-]-v sh-bd- p-If - p-sS-bpwhn-]p-e-am-b- \n-cbm-Wv- l-jv.- Ip-´nIƒ- ° pw- in- i p°ƒ-°p-am-bn-H-t´sd- Kp-W-ta-∑m- ]cn-tim-[\ - I - ƒ- ]q¿Øn-bm-°n-b- h-kv{X-\n-cb - m-W-v ]m≥U- {_m≥-U.v - h-f¿∂p-hc- p-∂- Ip-´n-Iƒ°m-bp-≈- {_m≥Uv- h-k{-v X-ßf - p-sSti-Jc- a- m-W-v {^-≠-v kv.bm-{X-bn¬B-hi - y-am-b- e-tK-P,v - Hm-^o-k-v _m-K,v - kvI - qƒ- _m-K,v - te-Uo-k-v lm≥Uv- _m-Kp-Iƒ- F-∂n-hb - p-sS- an-I® - - ti-Jc- a- m-W-v {Kn-∏.v Iq-Sm-sX- ]o-‰¿- Cw-•≠ - ,v tPm-¨- sπ-tb-gv-kv,- t_mkn-\n,- en-√n-]p-´,v - do-U-v B≥Uv- sS-be v- ¿,- ªm-b° v- v- s_dn,- an-k-v sπ-tb-gk -v -v Xp-Sß - nan-I® - - {_m≥-Up-Iƒ- t\-cnt´m- k-_-v {_m≥-Up-Iƒ- hgn-tbm- dn-eb - ≥-kv- s{S≥-Uvkn¬- e-`y-am-Wv.apw-ss_,- Kp¿-Km-h,v - Al-ΩZ- m-_m-Z,v - U¬-ln,- P-e¥¿- F-∂n-hn-Sß - f - n¬- dn-eb≥-kv- s{S≥-Uv-kv- tÃm-dpIƒ- B-cw-`n-®n-cp-∂p.]p-kvX - I - ß - ƒ,- kw-KoXw,- tÃ-j-\-dn- F-∂n-h-bv°m-bp-≈- dn-eb - ≥-k-v kvs- ]jm-en-‰n- tÃm-dm-W-v dn-eb - ≥kv- ssSw-Hu-´v.- {]m-tZ-in-Ihpw- A-√m-ØX - p-am-b- D-X] -v ∂-ß-fp-sS- \n-c- ssSw-Hu´n¬- e-`y-am-W.v - Iq-Sm-sX- A¥m-cm-j{-v S-t{km-Xk - p-If - n¬\n-∂p-≈- D-X] -v ∂ - ß - f - pw- Chn-sS- e-`n-°pw.- B-[p-\n-I{]-^-j-W-ep-Iƒ,- bp-hm°ƒ,- ]p-Xn-b- X-ea- p-db - n-se- am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ,- Ip-´n-Iƒ- F-∂n-h¿-°p≈- tI-{µ-am-bn- sIm-®n-bn-se- dn-eb - ≥-kv- ssSw-Hu-´v- am-dpw.an-I® - - hn¬-∏\ - b - p-≈- ]p-kX -v I - ß - ƒ,- kw-Ko-Xw,- kn-\n-aI - ƒ- Xp-

S-ßn-bh - - an-I® - - hn-eb - n¬- C-hn-sS- e-`y-am-Ipw.- Hm-tcm- am-kh - pw- Hmtcm- F-gp-Øp-Im-sc-bpw- I-em-Im-c∑ - m-sc-bpw- D-X] v- ∂ - ß - s - f-bpw- tI{µo-Ic - n-®v- {]-tXy-I- \n-c° - p-If - n¬- D-X] v- ∂ - ß - ƒ- e-`y-am-°pw.- F-gpØp-Im-cp-am-bpw- \-So-\S- ∑ - m-cp-am-bpw- kw-hZ- n-°p-∂X - n-\pw- in-e] -v i - me-Iƒ- \-SØ - p-∂X - n-\pw- A-hm¿-U-v Zm-\N - S- ß - p-If - pw- I-em-{]-IS- \ - ß - fpw- a-’c- ß - f - pw- \-SØ - p-∂X - n-\p≈- th-Zn-bm-bpw- tÃm¿- D-]t- bmK-s∏-Sp-Øpw.- ]p-kX -v I - ß - ƒ-°pwkw-Ko-XØ - n-\pw- tÃ-j\ - d- n-°p-ambp-≈- tI-cf - Ø - n-se- G-‰h - pw- hen-b- tÃm-dm-bn-cn-°pw- dn-eb - ≥-k-v ssSw-Hu-´v.tZ-io-b,- A-¥m-cm-j{-v S- {]-km[-Ic - n¬-\n-∂p-≈- 45,-000 ]p-kvX - I-ß-fm-Wv- C-hn-sS-bp-≈-Xv.- ^n£≥,- P-\-{]n-b- ]p-kv-X-I-߃F-∂n-hb - ° -v p- ]p-dt- a- Ip-´n-Iƒ-°mbn- hn-]p-e-am-b- ti-J-c-hpw- dn-eb≥-kv- ssSw-Hu-´n¬- D-≠v.- Iq-SmsX- A-°m-Za- n-I,v - {]-^j - W - ¬- _p°p-If - pw- B-dv- {]m-tZ-in-I- `m-jI-fn-ep-≈- ]p-kvX - I - ß - f - pw- C-hnsS- e-`n-°pw.{]-^j - W - ¬- U-he - ] - vs - a-‚ v,- sk¬-^v˛- s - l¬-]v- F-∂o- hn-`m-Kß-fn-em-bn- an-I® - - ti-Jc- a- p-≠.v - Ip-´n-If - n¬- hm-b\ - m-io-ew- h-f¿-Øp∂-Xn-\m-bn- In-Uvk - v- hmƒ- F-∂- t]-cn¬- {]-tXy-I- ÿ-ew- H-cp-°nbn-cn-°p-∂p.kw-Ko-Xw,- kn-\n-a- F-∂n-hb - ° -v m-bn- dn-eb - ≥-k-v ssSw-Hu-´n¬- 25,000 ssS-‰n-ep-If - p-≠v.- hr-Øn-bp-≈- km-lN - c - y-Øn¬- kw-Ko-Xw- Bkz-Zn-°p-∂X - n-\m-bn- C-d° - p-aX - n- sN-bvX - - ku-≠v- tUm-ap-Iƒ- X-bmdm-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p.- D-]t- bm-‡m-°ƒ-°-v C-jS-v s - ∏-´- ]m-´n-s\m-∏w- ]mSp-∂X - n-\pw- {]-^j - W - ¬- dn-t°m¿-Unw-K-v Ãp-Un-tbm-bp-sS- ta-∑t- bmsS- dn-°m¿-Uv- sN-øp-∂X - n-\pw- ku-Ic - y-sam-cp-°p-∂- I-tcm-s°- ÃpUn-tbm- dn-eb - ≥-kv- ssSw-Hu-´n-s‚- {]-tXy-IX - b - m-Wv.C-jSv- s - ∏-´- ]m-´pw- ]p-kX v- I - h - pw- sX-cs - ™-Sp-°p-∂X - n-\m-bn- {]tXy-I- tk¿-®v- F≥-Pn-\pw- Cu- hn-jb - ß - f - n¬- A-hK - m-lh - pw- Np-dpNp-dp-°p-≈- Po-h\ - ° - m-cpw- D-]t- bm-‡m-°f - p-sS- k-lm-bØ - n-\p-≠mIpw.tÃ-j-\-dn- hn-`m-K-Øn¬- 6000 D-Xv-]-∂-ß-fp-≠v.- Ip-´n-Iƒ-°pwhn-Zym¿-∞n-Iƒ-°pw- D-tZym-Kÿ - ¿-°pw- C-X-v i-cn-°p-sam-cp- A-¤p-Xtem-Ia- m-Ipw.{]-^j - W - ¬- B¿-´n-Ãp-Iƒ-°m-bn- s]-bn-‚p-Iƒ,- {_-jp-Iƒ,- Im≥hm-kv,- t]-∏¿,- s]≥-kn¬- F-∂n-h- C-hn-sS- e-`y-am-Wv.- {^m≥-kn¬\n-∂p-≈- s]-_o-tbm,- Im≥-k¨ - ,- C-‰e - n-bn¬-\n-∂p-≈- B¿-Pn-Fw,hn≥-kn-\n-b,- sN-°v- dn-∏ª - n-°n¬-\n-∂p-≈- tIm-lv˛- C - ˛- \ - q¿- F-∂nh-bpw- tlm-_n- B¿-´v- D-Xv-]-∂-ß-fpw- C-hn-sS- H-cp-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p.aq-hm-bn-cØ - n-e[ - n-Iw- I-fn-∏m-´ß - ƒ,- Kn-^‰-v ,v - hm-®p-Iƒ,- k-¨• - m-kpIƒ,- kp-K‘ - h - k - vX - p-°ƒ- F-∂o- hn-`m-Kß - f - n-em-bn- 5000 D-Xv] - ∂ - ߃- C-hn-sS- e-`n-°pw.I-tcm-s°- _q-Ø,v - Ip-´n-Iƒ-°m-bp-≈- I-fn-ÿe - w,- ku-≠-v tUmw,do-Unw-K-v _m¿- F-∂o- ku-Ic- y-ßf - pw- an-I® - - Po-h\ - ° - m-cpw- Z-ie - £ - °-W° - n-\v- D-]t- bm-‡m-°f - p-sS- a-\w-Ih - c - pw.- _mw-Kf - q¿,- Kp¿-Km-hvF-∂n-hn-Sß - f - n¬- dn-eb - ≥-k-v ssSw-Hu-´-v tÃm-dp-Iƒ- B-cw-`n-®n-´p-≠.v Ip-Spw-_Ø - n-se- F-√m-h¿-°pw- F-√m- A-hk - c- ß - ƒ-°p-am-bp-≈D-X] -v ∂ - ß - ƒ- e-`y-am-°p-∂- tem-I\ - n-eh - m-cØ - n-ep-≈- tjm-∏nw-K-v A\p-`h - s- am-cp-°p-∂- tÃm-dm-W-v dn-eb - ≥-k-v ^p-´{-v ]n-‚ .v - sN-ss∂,- _mwK-fq¿,- ssl-Zc - m-_m-Zv,- \yq-U¬-ln,- t\m-bvZ- ,- ep-[n-bm-\,- amw-Kf - q¿,sP-b] v- q¿,- apw-s_- F-∂n-hn-Sß - f - n¬- dn-eb - ≥-kv- ^p-´{v- ]n-‚ v- tÃm-dpIƒ- B-cw-`n-®n-´p-≠v.- bq-tdm-∏n-te-bpw- A-ta-cn-°b - n-te-bpw- {]-ap-J{_m≥-Up-Iƒ-°p- ]p-dt- a- dn-eb - ≥-kn-s‚- kz-¥w- {_m≥-Up-If - pw- Chn-sS- e-`y-am-Wv.dn-eb - ≥-k-v do-s´-b¬ v - en-an‰-Uv- (B¿-B¿-F¬-)- dn-eb - ≥kv- C≥-Uk - {-v So-k-v en-an-‰U - n-s‚k-_k -v n-Un-bd- n-bm-W.v - 2006 \hw-_d- n¬- B-Zy- tÃm¿- B-cw`n-®p.- C-t∏mƒ- 14 kw-ÿm-\ß-fn-se- 60 \-K-c-ß-fn-em-bn700 tÃm-dp-Iƒ- {]-h¿-Øn-°p∂p.- 3.-5 Z-ie - £ - w- N-Xp-c{- i-bSn-bm-W-v Cu- tÃm-dp-If - p-sS- BsI- hn-kX v- o¿-Ww.- dn-eb - ≥-kv{^-j,v - dn-eb - ≥-k-v Un-Pn-‰¬,- dne-b≥-kv- am¿-´v,- dn-e-b≥-kvs{S≥-Uvk - v,- dn-eb - ≥-kv- sh¬s\-kv,- dn-eb - ≥-kv- sF-tÃm¿,dn-eb - ≥-k-v ^p-´{-v ]n-‚ ,v - dn-eb - ≥kv- Pq-h¬-k,v - dn-eb - ≥-k-v ssSwHu-´v,- dn-e-b≥-kv- kq-∏¿,- dn-eb≥-kv- en-hnw-Kv- tlmw-sh-b¿,dn-eb - ≥-kv- Hm-t´m-tkm-¨- F∂n-hb - S- ß - p-∂X - m-W-v dn-eb - ≥kv- do-s´-bv¬.C-¥y-bn-se- G-‰-hpw- hen-b- kz-Im-cy- I-º-\n-bm-Wvdn-e-b≥-kv- C≥-U-kv-{So-kven-an-‰U - v- (B¿-sF¬-).- 1,-39,-269 tIm-Sn- cq-]- hn-‰p-hc- h - pw,- 25,-205 tImSn- cq-]- em-`-hpw- 15,-261 tIm-Sn- cq-]- A-‰m-Zm-b-hp-ap-≈- I-º-\n-bmWn-X.v -


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15

t{]m-U-Iv-Sv- sse≥-

\n-t∏m-¨- s]-bn-‚ n-s‚- tKmƒ-Uv- s]-bn-‚ v- I-f-£≥G

-jy-bn-se- G-d-d-hpw- h-en-b- s]bn-‚ v- \n¿-am-Xm-°-fm-b- \n-t∏m-¨- s]-bn‚ -v ho-Sp-Iƒ-°-v cm-PI - o-b{- ]u-Un- \-eI -v m≥D-XI - p-∂- \n-t∏m-¨- tKmƒ-Uv- s]-bn-‚ v- If-£≥- hn-]W - n-bn¬- A-hX - c - n-∏n-®p.\n-t∏m-¨- tKmƒ-U-v s]-bn-‚ -v A-{In-enIv- F-aƒ-j≥,- \n-t∏m-¨- tKmƒ-Uv- s]-bn‚ -v A-{In-en-I-v C-\m-a¬- F-∂n-ßs- \- c-≠pX-cw- D-X] -v ∂ - ß - f - m-W-v \n-t∏m-¨- s]-bn-‚ -v kv- ]p-dØ - n-d° - n-bX - v.- ho-Sp-Iƒ-°v- Dƒ-hi - Øpw- ]p-dt- a-bpw- D-]t- bm-Kn-°m≥- I-gn-bp∂-Xm-Wv- ]p-Xn-b- s]-bn-‚ v\ - n-c. X-Sn,- temlw,- kn-a‚ - v- a-‰v- {]-Xe - ß - ƒ- F-∂n-hb - ° v- vtbm-Pn-®h - b - m-sW-∂X - m-W-v {]-tXy-IX - .- tK‰p-Iƒ,-`n-Øn-Iƒ,- t_m¿- U-dnw-Kv,- Xo-tb-‰dp-Iƒ- F-∂n-h-bn-epw- Cu- s]-bn-‚ v- D-]tbm-Kn-°mw.\n-t∏m-¨- tKmƒ-U-v s]-bn-‚ -v A-{In-enIv- F-aƒ-j≥- an-I® - - Kp-Wt- a-∑b - p-ff - - kz¿W- ]n-s‹-‚p-Iƒ- A-Sß - n-b- 100 i-Xa- m-\wA-{In-en-Iv- s]-bn-‚m-Wv.- {]-X-e-߃-°vkz¿-WØ - n-f° - h - pw- ^n-\n-jpw- \-eI -v m≥- CXv- k-lm-bn-°pw.- Im-em-h-ÿm- hy-Xn-bm\-ßs - f- sN-dp-Øp-\n-ev° - m≥- I-gn-bp-∂h - bm-Wv.- kn-a‚ - v,- X-Sn,- Pn-]k v- w- {]-Xe - ß - ƒ°v- A-\p-tbm-Pyw.\n-t∏m-¨- tKmƒ-U-v s]-bn-‚ -v A-{In-enIv- C-\m-a¬- sX¿-tam-πm-Ãn-Iv- A-{In-en-Ivsd-kn-\n¬- \n¿-an-®- A-{In-en-I-v Hm-bn¬- s]-

bn-‚m-Wv.- an-I® - - Xn-f° - w- \-evI - p-∂X - n-\mbn- D-b¿-∂- Kp-Wt- a-∑b - p-≈- tKmƒ-Uv- ]ns‹-‚p-If - m-W-v C-Xn¬- A-Sß - n-bn-cn-°p-∂-

Xv.- D-]t- bm-Kn-°m≥- F-fp-∏w,- Im-em-hÿ - hy-Xn-bm-\ß - s - f- sN-dp-Øp-\n¬-°pw- s]-

s´-∂-v D-Wß - pw- Xp-Sß - n-b- {]-tXy-IX - I - f - p≠v.- C-cp-ºv,- Km¬-hs - s\-kU v- v- C-cp-ºv,- Aeq-an-\n-bw,- A-tem-bn,- kn-dm-an-I,v - X-Sn,- ssSep-Iƒ,- Pn-]vk - w- Xp-Sß - n-b- {]-Xe - ߃-°-v an-I® - - tKmƒ-U-v ^n-\n-jpwXn-f° - h - pw- \-eI -v m≥- tbm-Pn-®h - b - mWv.ho-Sp-Iƒ-°v- {]u-Vn- \-evI - m≥\n-t∏m-¨- tKmƒ-Uv- s]-bn-‚ n-\v- Ign-bp-sa-∂v- \n-t∏m-¨- s]-bn-‚ v- (C¥y-)- ss{]-h‰- v- en-an-‰U - v- ssh-kv- {]kn-U-‚ v- ˛- U-°-td-‰o-hv-kv- c-am-Im¥v- A-°p-f- ]-d™ - p.- C-‚o-cn-bd- n-epwF-Ià v- o-cn-bd- n-epw- tKmƒ-Uv- s]-bn‚ -v D-]t- bm-Kn-°p-∂X - n¬- H-cp- ]p-Xnb- Xp-S-°-an-Sm≥- \n-t∏m-¨- s]-bn‚n-s‚- ]p-Xn-b- D-X] -v ∂ - ß - ƒ- h-gn-sXfn-°p-sa-∂v- A-t±-lw- Nq-≠n-°m-´n.dn-b¬- tKmƒ-Uv,- {Um-K-¨tKmƒ-U-v F-∂n-ßs - \- c-≠-v sj-bnUp-If - n¬- \n-t∏m-¨- tKmƒ-Uv- s]bn-‚ v- e-`y-am-Wv.- \n-t∏m-¨- tKmƒUv- s]-bn-‚ -v 3000 A-{In-en-I-v F-aƒj-\pw- \n-t∏m-¨- tKmƒ-Uv- s]-bn‚ v- 2000 A-{In-en-Iv- C-\m-ae - pw- H-cpen-‰¿- ]m-bv-°n¬- e-`n-°pw.- dn-b¬tKmƒ-U,v - {Um-K¨ - - tKmƒ-U-v F-∂oc-≠-v sj-bU -v p-If - pw- H-cp- en-‰¿- ]m-b° -v n¬e-`y-am-W.v -

kv-]n-cn-Nz¬- t\m-f-PvU-b-dn-bp-am-bnss\-‰nw-tK¬ {]o-

an-bw- t]-∏¿- t{]m-U-Iv-‰v-kv- I-º-\n- {io-\n-hm-kvss^≥- B¿-Svk - v- kv] - n-cn-Nz¬- t\m-fP - v- U-bd- n- 2009 hn-]W - n-bnse-Øn-®p.- th-Zn-Iv- U-b-dn,- tKm-Uv- B≥-Uv- tKm-U-kv- U-b-dnF-∂n-h-bm-Wv- Cuko-co-kn-ep-≈X - .v - thZ-ß-fn-epw- D-]-\n-jØp-If - n¬- \n-∂pw- ]pcm-Wß - f - n¬- \n-∂p-ap≈- hn-⁄m-\w- ]-I¿∂v- \¬-Ip-∂h - b - m-W-v Cu- U-bd- n-Iƒ.th- Z - ß ƒ,- {]ÿm-\{- X-b,- D-]\ - n-jØp-Iƒ,- k-ZvZ- ¿-i\ - ,th-Zm-¥-kq-{X- Xp-Sßn-b-h-sb-°p-dn-®vA-dn-hv- \¬-Ip-I-bpwA-hb - p-sS- Z¿-i\ - ß - ƒ- ]-¶p-hb - ° v- p-Ib - pw- sN-øp-∂X - m-Wv- thZn-I-v U-bd- n-Iƒ.- tZ-ho- tZ-h≥-am-cp-sS- Nn-{X-ßf - pw- `-Kh - X - -v Ko-Xbn¬- \n-∂p-≈- D-≤c - W - n-If - pw- tPym-Xn-j- kw-_‘ - a- m-b- hn-hc-ßf - pw- Dƒ-s°m-≈p-∂p- tKm-U-v B≥-U-v tKm-Uk - -v U-bd- n-bn¬.th-Zn-Iv- U-b-dn-°v- 565 cq-]-bpw,- tKm-Uv- B≥-Uv- tKm-U-kvU-bd- n-°v- 395 cq-]b - p-am-Wv- hn-e.-

h-\n-X-Iƒ-°m-bn- ssS-‰-s‚- cm-K- Zn-h- hm-®p-Iƒh

-\n-X-Iƒ-°m-bn- cm-K- Zn-h- F-∂- t]cn¬- thƒ-Uv- Hm-^v- ssS-‰≥- hm-®p-Iƒ- ]p-dØn-d° - n.- ]-cº - c- m-KX - am-b- Ip-µ≥- I-cI - u-ie-th-eI - f - n¬- A-[n-j-v Tn-Xa- m-b- B-[p-\n-I- cq]-`m-h-ß-tfm-sS- {]tXy-Ia- m-bn- cq-]s- ∏-SpØn-bX - m-Wv- cm-K- Znh- ti-Jc- wku-µ-cy-hpw- kvss{X-W-X-bpw- Xp-fpºp-∂-h-bm-Wv- Cuti-Jc - Ø - n-se- hm-®pIƒ- Hm-tcm-∂pw.- A-Xoh- {i-≤-tbm-sS- cq-]s∏-Sp-Øn-b- C-\m-a¬tam-´n-^p-If - m-W-v Cuhm-®p-If - p-sS- {]-tXy-IX.- {In-Ãe - p-If - pw- hn-hn-[- h¿-WØ - n-ep-≈- C\m-a¬- I-c-th-e-I-fpw- C-h-bv-°v- A-Xo-h- Nm-

cp-X- \-eI -v p-∂p.- ]p-ck - I -v m-cß - ƒ- kz-¥a- m-°n-bn-´p≈- ssS-‰≥- Un-ssk≥- kvd- d- p-Un-tbm- B-Wv- C-hcq-]-I¬-∏-\- sN-bv-Xncn-°p-∂X - .v B-`-c-W-ß-fp-tSXp- t]m-se- ]-Wn-I-gn∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂- Cu- hm®p-Iƒ- D-’h - I - m-eØ - -v kv{- Xo-Iƒ-°-v a-t\m-lchkv{- X-߃-s°m-∏w- G‰-hpw- tbm-Pn-®X - m-bn-cn°pw.- G-gp- hy-Xy-kX -v ssi-en-I-fn¬- 24 tamU-ep-If - m-W-v cm-K- Zn-hti-Jc - Ø - n-ep-≈X - v.- 4,000 cq-]- ap-X¬- 10,-000 cq-]- h-sc-bm-Wv- hn-e.cm- P y- s a- ß p- a p- ≈ thƒ-Uv- Hm-^v- ssS-‰≥- tjm-dq-ap-I-fn¬- C-h- e-`yam-W.v -

kv{- Xo-If - p-sS- a-t\m-`m-hß - s - f- {]-IS- n-∏n-°m≥I-gn-bp-∂h - b - m-Wv- cm-KZn-h- hm-®p-Is - f-∂v- C-hhn-]-Wn-bn¬- B-Zy-ambn- A-h-X-cn-∏n-®p-sIm≠v- F-F-kv-Fw- tkmWn- km≥-Un- ]-d™ p.thƒ-U-v Hm-^-v ssS-‰s- ‚Hm-tcm- ti-J-c-hpw- D-]tbm-‡m-°ƒ-°-v kz-bw{]-IS- n-∏n-°m≥- A-hk - c-sam-cp-°p-∂X - m-Wv.- CXn-s‚- A-Xn-at- \m-lc- a- mb- D-Zm-lc- W - a- m-W-v cm-KZn-h- hm-®p-Is- f-∂-v A-t±lw- ]-d™ p.\q-X\ - s- si-en-bn-ep≈- ssS-‰≥- D-Xv-]-∂߃- thƒ-Uv- Hm-^v- ssS-‰≥- tjm-dq-ap-If - n¬- e-`yam-Wv.- ssS-‰≥,- s\-_p-e,- cm-K,- skm-Wm-‰,- ^m-Ãv{Sm-°-v Xp-Sß - n-b- hm-®p-Iƒ,- ssk-en-k,v - tSm-an- ln¬-

^n-K¿,- lyq-tKm- t_m-k-v F-∂n-hb - pw- ^m-Ã-v {Sm°v- k-¨-•m-kp-I-fpw- C-hn-sS- e`y-am-W.v - tem-I\ - n-eh - m-cØ - n-ep-≈tjm-∏nw-K-v A-\p-`h - h - pw- hy-‡n-]c-am-bn- C-Ss- ]-Se - pw- kw-Xr-]X -v n- \evI - p-∂p-sh-∂X - m-W-v thƒ-U-v Hm^v- ssS-‰-s‚- {]-tXy-I-X.- k¿-hk-÷a- m-b- hm-®-v sI-b¿- sk-‚¿,kv-s]-j¬- Kn-^v-‰v- ]m-bv-°nw-Kvku-I-cyw,- sa-bn-‚-\≥-kv- Kym-c≠n- F-∂n-hb - pw- C-ht- bm-S\ - p-_‘n-®p-≠.v - G-sd- P-\{- ]n-bh - pw- {]tbm-P\ - I - c- h - p-am-b- kn-s·-‰-v temb¬-‰n- ]-≤X - n-bn¬- Aw-Ka- m-Ip-∂Xn-\pw- thƒ-Uv- Hm-^v- ssS-‰\ - n¬A-hk - c- a- p-≠.v cm-Py-sØ-ßp-ap-≈- 115 \-Kc- ß-fn-em-bn- 255 F-Iv-kv-¢q-ko-hvthƒ-Uv- Hm-^v- ssS-‰≥- tjm-dq-ap-If - p-≠v.- {]-Xnh¿-jw- 22 e-£w- D-]t- bm-‡m-°s - f- B-I¿-jn°m≥- C-hb - ° -v p- I-gn-bp-∂p.-

[m-{Xn- am-hn-e- Z-¥v-sI-b¿- Sq-Øv- t]-ÃvB

-bp¿-th-Z- Nn-In-’m- cw-K-Øv- ap-∂q-dn¬- ]-cw- h¿j-ß-fp-sS- ]m-c-º-cy-ap-≈- [m-{Xn- B-bp¿-th-Z-bn¬- \n-∂pw]p-Xn-sbm-cp- B-bp¿-th-Z- D¬-∏-∂-am-b- am-hn-e- Z-¥v- sI-b¿Sq-Øv- t]-Ãv- hn-]-Wn-bn-en-d-°n.- G-e-°,- Np-°v,- I-dp-hm-∏-´,{Km-ºp,- th-∏n-e,- am-hn-e- F-∂n-h- ap-Jy- L-S-I-ß-fm-bp-≈am-hn-e- Sq-Øv- t]-Ãv- ]-√p-Iƒ-°v- sh-◊-bpw- tam-W-Iƒ-°vB-tcm-Ky-hpw- \¬-Ip-∂-Xn-\v- am-{X-a-√,- izm-k-Øn-\v- \-thmt∑-j-hpw- {]-Zm-\w- sN-øp-∂-Xv- e-£y-an-´p-≈-Xm-sW-∂v- [m{Xn- B-bp¿-th-Z- am-t\-Pnw-Kv- U-bd - I - vS- d - pw- {]-ik - vX - - B-bp¿th-Z- K-th-j-I-\pw- Nn-In-’-I-\p-am-b- tUm.- F-kv.- k-Pn-Ipam¿.B-tcm-Ky-Ic - a - m-b- Po-hn-XØ - n-\-v B-tcmKy-ap-≈- ]-√p-Iƒ- Iq-Sn-tb- Xo-cq.]-√p-I-fp-sS- kw-c-£-WØn-\v- a-\p-jy-cm-in-bp-sSB-cw-`w- ap-X-te- {]-tXyI- {i-≤- ]p-e¿-Øn-bn-cp∂-Xm-bn- ]u-cm-Wn-I- {KŸ-߃- km-£y-s∏-SpØp-∂p.- {]-Ir-Xn-ZØ - a - m-bhn-`h - ß - f - m-bn-cp-∂p- C-Xn\m-bn- D-]-tbm-Kn-®p-h-∂ncp-∂-Xv.- am-hn-e-bpw- t]cm¬- I-ºp-am-bn-cp-∂p- ]q¿hn-I-cp-sS- t]-Ãpw- {_-jpsa-√mw.- ]-gp-Ø- am-hn-esIm-≠-v ]-√p- tX-®m¬- hmbn-se- Zp¿-K‘ - w- am-dn,- tamW-Iƒ-°v- D-d∏ - pw- ]-√p-Iƒ-°v- \√- Xn- f - ° hpw- e-`n-°p-sa-∂v- B-bp¿-th-Zm-N-cy-∑m¿- I-s≠-Øn.- am-hne- Z-¥v- sI-b¿- Sq-Øv- t]-Ãv,- Ip-´n-Iƒ-°pw- ap-Xn¿-∂-h¿°pw- H-cp-t]m-se- K-¥-kw-c-£-Ww- D-d-t∏-Ip-∂p.C-Xn¬- A-Sß - n-bn-´p-≈- I-dp-hm-∏´- ,- D-t∑-jI - c - a - m-b- kzm-

Zv- D-d-t∏-Ip-∂p.- ]-√p-I-tf-bpw- tam-W-I-tf-bpw- B-{I-an-°p∂- _m-Iv-So-cn-b-I-sf- \-in-∏n-°p-∂p.- Np-°v- hm-bn-se- A-æmwiw- {I-a-s∏-Sp-Øm≥- k-lm-bn-°p-∂p.- an-I-®- B-‚ n- sk-]v‰n-Iv- Iq-Sn-bm-Wn-Xv.- G-e-°,- ]-√n-te-bpw- tam-W-I-fn-te-bpwC≥-s^-£-\p-I-sf- kp-J-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.- izm-k-Øn-\v- kp-K‘-ta-Ip-∂p,- an-I® - - tcm-K{- ]-Xn-tcm-[- ti-jn-bpw- C-Xn-\p-≠v.th-∏n-eb - n¬- ]-√p-If - p-sSip-Nn-Xz-Øn-\v- B-h-iy-am-bL-SI - ß - ƒ- AS-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p.- C-Xn-s‚- FIv- k v{Sm-I‰ v- v- Z-¥£ - b - w- sN-dp-°p∂p.- tam-WI - f - n¬- \n-∂p-≈c-‡{- km-hw- X-Sb - p-∂X - n-\vZn-h-k-hp-ap-≈- C-Xn-s‚- D]-tbm-Kw- h-gn- km-[n-°p∂p.- G-Xm-\pw- am-kß - ƒ°p-≈n¬- X-s∂- ]-√pIƒ-°-v ]-gb - - Xn-f° - h - pw`w-Kn-bpw- Xn-cn-sI- e-`n®-Xp-t]m-se- tXm-∂pw.{Km-ºp,- ]-√p-th-Z-\bpw- tam- W - b n- s e\o¿-ho-°-hpw- A-I‰p-∂p.- am-hn-e-bn-ep≈- amw-Kn-s^-dn≥F-∂- Hu-j-[-L-SIw- an-I-®- tcm-K-{]-Xn-tcm-[ti-jn-bp-≈X - m-bm-W-v ]-T\ - ß - ƒ- km-£ys∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xv.- B-‚ n-sk-]v-‰n-Iv,- B-‚ n- ssh-d¬B-Wn-Xv.- Z-¥-£-bw- sN-dp-°p-∂-Xn-\pw- C-Xn-\v- I-gn-hp-≠v.A-Xn-]p-cm-X-\- Im-ew- ap-X-te- am-hn-e-bp-sS- Hu-j-[-Kp-WwXn-cn-®-dn-™v- Z-¥-]-cn-]m-e-\-Øn-\v- C-Xv- D-]-tbm-Kn-®p- h∂n-cp-∂p.- {]-i-kv-X- kn-\n-am- Xm-cw- Xn-e-I-\m-Wv- am-hn-e- SqØv- t]-Ãv- sIm-®n-bn¬- \-S-∂- N-S-ßn¬- hn-]-Wn-bn-en-d-°nb-Xv.-

D-X] -v ∂ - ß - s- f- IqSp-X¬P-\] - £ - tØ-b° -v -v F-Øn-°p-hm≥t{Im-kt-v dm-Un-se"t{]m-UI - S-v -v sse≥'k-lm-bn-°p-∂p.-

Cu- ]w‡n-bn¬- D-X] -v ∂ - ß - s - f- ]-cn-Nb - s - ∏-Sp-Øp-hm≥_-‘s - ∏Sp-I:F-Ik -v n-Iyq-´o-h-v F-Un-‰¿t{Im-kt-v dm-U-v ]n.-_n- \-º¿-:- 4238 sN-dp-]p-j] v- w- se-bv≥,- Ieq¿- ]n.-H,sIm-®n-˛682 017.- tI-c-f-w-,- C-¥-y.e-mail : karikkampallil@gmail.com


cmyk CROSSROAD 16

2008 December 01-14

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FOR BOOKING CONTACT YOUR TRAVEL AGENT OR

24813321,24813347, 24815844 omanreservations@jetairways.com or omaninfo@jetairways.com

KERML-12303/11/1/2005-TCM 6/59746/2004. " Edited, Printed and Published by Michael Varghese on behalf of Crossroad, P.B.No:4238, House 68/2340, Cherupushpam Lane, Near Pottakkuzhy Little Flower Church, Kaloor P.O., Kochi-682017, Kerala, India and Printed by him at Cherrys Printers, LFC Road, Kaloor, Kochi-682 017. " Managing Editor: Michael Varghese " Executive Editor: Thomas Mathai Karikkampallil " Mobile: +91 9847738883 " Email: editor.crossroad@gmail.com

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Crossroad Vol 03 Issue 01