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World’s best news pictures from March 15 to June 14, 2011

Volume VIII, Issue TWENTY FOUR FALL 2011

Scott Mc Kiernan, Publisher, Editor in Chief & Art Director Kelly Mc Kiernan, Managing Editor Scott Mc Kiernan, Picture Editor Ruaridh Stewart, Associate Picture Editor Kevin Cash, Associate Art Director

CONTRIBUTING PHOTOJOURNALISTS Altaf Zargar • Anderew Medichini • Andy Hooper • Chris Desmond Christine Prichard • Ding Liang • Issam Rimawi • Ji Chunpeng • Jim Weber Jochen LuebkeJonathan Taphouse • Kent Porter • Koichi Kamoshida • Leopoldo Smith Murillo • Li Xin • Louis Lopez • Lui Siu Wa • Mark Weber • Mark Makela Matt Cohen • Maurizio Gambarini • Maury Golini • Mick Gleissner • Nicolaus Paul Brown • Czarnecki • Pete Souza • Rachel Adams • Ranier Ehrhardt Ringo Chiu • Scott Mc Kiernan • Tim Rooke • Vincenzo •Will Oliver Zhao Jianpeng

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Irish Guards Royal Wedding Prep Picture by Robin Theodore Wood/ LNP/ ZUMA Apr. 21, 2011 - Windsor, England, United Kingdom. - Irish Guards Master Tailor Lance Sergeant MATTHEW ELSE measures a guard for the ceremonial dress uniform they will wear on the Royal Wedding day.

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24 MAG A Z I N E FALL 2011

Apr. 16, 2010 - Waimea, Hawaii, U.S. - Retired cowboy and ranch manager, JAMIE DOWSETT, who spent most of his life on horses and has rich stories to tell, prepares a rope before riding one of his horses near his home in Waimea, HI. ‘I’m 85 years old and I still think that cows and horses are the best things that ever walked on earth.’ says Dowsett, wistfully. 11



COWBOYS Text and Photos by © Julia Cumes/ZUMA







P R E S E N T S 13 15




Text and Photos by © Julia Cumes/ZUMA

His hat rimmed with a fresh flower lei, Kimo Ho’opai, lassos a calf and pulls it into the coral at Ponoholo Ranch’s branding in North Kohala, Hawaii, where it will be branded, inoculated, tagged and in the case of males, castrated. A hodgepodge of cowboys from neighboring ranches; family members and friends have all come to help. Ho’opai comes from a long line of cowboys. His grandfather and father before him were cowboys, as well as his brother and two sons who currently work as cowboys on nearby ranches. One of Ho’opai’s sons even lives with his wife and two children in the same “cowboy house” he raised his own family in on Parker Ranch, where he cut his teeth as a young cowboy. Outside the coral, children as young as 4-years-old run around, lassoing one another or the family dog, some wearing cowboy boots, hats and belts. Many of them have already participated in “Keiki Rodeos”--children’s rodeos where they compete in events such as calf tying, breakaway roping, goat undecorating and calf riding.

Feb. 13, 2009 - North Kohala, Hawaii, U.S. - Hawaiian cowboy BERNARD HO’OPAI, wears a flower lei made by his mother while maneuvering his horse to open a gate while separating calves from their mothers at Ponoholo Ranch’s branding in North Kohala, Hawaii. Ho’opai comes from a family with four generations of Hawaiian cowboys. 18

Above them, a rainbow arcs across the sky; after all, this is Paniolo country where rain, wind and rainbows are so common that most cowboys seem not to notice them. While the cowboys and rolling ranchlands may evoke images of Montana or Wyoming, this surprisingly is Hawaii, a place most people associate with palm trees, surfing and floral shirts. While some may be surprised at the sight of cowboys in Hawaii, they may be even more surprised to know that there have been cowboys in Hawaii longer than in the west. “The vaqueros taught the Hawaiians to ride and rope decades before their American counterparts in the Wild West,” says Dr. Billy Bergin; a long-time veterinarian to the cowboy community’s horses and cattle and founder of the Paniolo Preservation Society, an organization dedicated to preserving and celebrating Hawaiian cowboy culture. “The first cattle came to the Hawaiian Islands in 1793,” he explains, sitting in his small Paniolo Preservation Society office in Kamuela, Hawaii, wearing a cowboy hat and surrounded by cowboy paraphernalia, historical newspaper clippings, photographs and cowboy-themed paintings. According to Bergin, the four cows and singular bull that were given as a gift to King Kamehameha I by Captain George Vancouver would become the seed herd for a burgeoning, soon an explosive population of cattle in the islands. The king invoked a Kapu--a law that carried the death penalty for anyone killing the cattle. The cattle, which were feral long-horned cattle, multiplied beyond anyone’s wildest expectations and soon became a menace, threatening villages, destroying crops and native forests. In 1812, a sailor named John Parker jumped ship and settled on the Big Island of Hawaii. He received permission from King Kamehameha to capture the cattle and initiated the beginnings of a cattle industry on the island. At first, capturing the wild cattle proved to be very challenging. Men would drive the cattle into deep dugouts in the forest floor. Left to their hunger and thirst for a few days, the cattle would become slightly more manageable and were hauled up on a steep ramp and tied to a previously tamed steer or ox. In the 1830’s, King Kamehameha III recognized the potential of the cattle industry, Parker had started that now supplied beef and tallow to whaling and sandalwood trading ships. After a visit to California, then still part of Mexico, he imported three Mexican vaqueros to teach the native Hawaiian men the cowboy skills they so badly needed. Nicknamed “paniolos” (from “Espanol”) by the Hawaiians, these vaqueros brought with them boots, saddles, lariats, guitars…” and that was really the birth of the Hawaiian cowboy culture that continues to this day,” Bergin concludes.

After more than a third of the calves have 17 19 21

been branded, the cowboys take a break. Godfrey Kainoa, Kimo Ho’opai, Wayne Tachera and Keoki Kainoa clean and prepare “Laho” (calf testicles) for breakfast. These are cooked with garlic salt and oil directly over the branding fire and eaten with enthusiasm by adults and children alike. After the branding, the cowboys and volunteers gather for a branding party at Bernard Ho’opai’s house. All day, Ho’opai’s mother, Leina and some of the younger women, have prepared traditional Hawaiian dishes like laulau (pork wrapped in taro leaf), poi (pounded taro), rice, kalua pork (pork cooked for hours over hot river rocks covered in banana stumps and ti leaves), barbecued beef and ahi poke (raw tuna and seaweed in a sesame, ginger, soy marinade). A tight community, the cowboys and their families and friends eat the delicious food, tell jokes, recount the day’s events, tell stories, catch up on each other’s lives and drink beer. As the evening progresses, Kimo and Bernard Ho’opai take out a guitar and ukelele. As the two brothers start to play and sing, people slowly migrate towards them, eventually surrounding them in an irregular circle. Paniolo music today has its roots in a mix of traditional Hawaiian music and Mexican music brought to the islands by the vaqueros. Like country western music, its lyrics center on family, love, faith, loss and the struggles of the common man. It is most often accompanied by the ukelele which was introduced to Hawaii by Portuguese immigrants. “My mom, she used to play the ukelele and sing and my dad played the guitar and also accompanied her and played a lot of music at home, at parties. Ever since that, it’s been planted in like the paniolo life,” says Kimo Ho’opai who, along with his brother plays and sings traditional Hawaiian songs as well as ones they’ve made up, a somewhat drunken accompaniment rising up around them when they play a particularly beloved song. While Hawaii’s cowboy culture is seemingly still intact, it has seen radical changes in recent years. High land taxes, rising costs of shipping cattle to the mainland and changing weather patterns have all adversely affected the viability of cattle ranching in Hawaii. In recent years, large tracts of ranchland have been sold for development and some ranches have diversified their businesses by offering horseback riding and ATV adventures. Every year, there are fewer and

Jan. 30, 2009 - North Kohala, Hawaii, U.S. KAMEHANA TACHERA, 11, pushes her sister, NAHE, 9, on a swing at Kahua Ranch in North Kohala, Hawaii, where their father, Wayne, is employed as a cowboy. The girls learned to ride horses as toddlers and have grown up with the ranch as their playground. ‘It’s beautiful up here. Not many children get to see this lifestyle,’ says Kamehana. 21

Apr 28, 2009 - Waimea, Hawaii, U.S. - Parker Ranch cowboys herd over 800 cattle into a coral in preparation for weaning calves from mother cows. Each having a responsibility for a different section of the 135,000 acre ranch, the cowboys all work together. Parker Ranch was the first ranch established in Hawaii and is the largest privately owned ranch in the United States.

Feb. 20, 2010 - North Kohala, Hawaii, U.S. - WAYNE TACHERA and his daughters, NAHE, 9, and KAMEHANA, 11, at their home, which is part of the ‘cowboy housing’ on Kahua Ranch. ‘We get free housing, free electricity, free water. It makes up for cowboy pay because cowboy pay is not much at all,’ says Tachera. Tachera is very close to his girls. 23 26 fewer cowboy jobs. Many older cowboys reflect back on their younger years with a combination of passion and wistfulness. “When I first learned how (to ride), I was three years old. My dad used to belly-pack me on his horse,” says Sonny Keakealani, one of the most respected cowboys in the community and patriarch of the Keakealani family. He stands in his saddle and tack shed surrounded by saddles, he and his family have used for over half a century. His fingers, rough and calloused from years of working with ropes and animals, circling his favorite hand-braided rawhide rope. “I learned from dad, riding horses and breaking and making cowboy horses. We would get up early, like two-thirty in the morning, saddle the horses. It would be pouring rain and wind and cold but we loved the lifestyle…. that was our love. Money didn’t mean nothing. We just enjoyed going out. Even if you get wet, you get scolded but that was part of our love, our life!” he adds with emphasis. Sonny has mentored many younger cowboys over the years and while now officially retired from Parker Ranch, still works a few days a week for a ranch and is often called on by old friends and ranch owners to help out with branding, weaning and moving cattle. Parker Ranch, the largest contiguous ranch in the United States, has long been the center of the Hawaiian cowboy culture, although there are ranches spread throughout the Big Island of Hawaii, as well as on Oahu, Maui, Kauai, Lanai, Molokai and even Niihau. “When I first started (at Parker Ranch) in 1975, the ranch had 50,000 head of cattle, all total and then they had a thousand horses and they had about forty cowboys. There were Japanese, there were Fillipino cowboys, Hawaiian cowboys, Chinese cowboys, Portuguese cowboys, we had Puerto Rican cowboys with us when I first started at Parker Ranch. And they all learned the language. The Portuguese spoke Hawaiian, the Japanese spoke Hawaiian, Fillipino, and Chinese. We all ate together, played together, rode horses together, rodeoed together…it was all family,” says Keakealani, looking out his tack and saddle shed window. In fact, the paniolo culture is partly responsible for preserving the Hawaiian language during a time when missionaries were trying to eradicate it. Because cowboy gangs were predominantly Hawaiian but also included men from diverse ethnic backgrounds, Hawaiian became the unifying language. As the older generations of cowboys retire and pass on, Keakealani worries that the connection to the Hawaiian language will be lost. His daughter Ku’ulei, is also concerned and is

Jul. 04, 2009 - Maui, Hawaii, U.S. - Young bull riders prepare for their bull riding event at the 4th of July Makawao Rodeo which is held annually at the Oskie Rice Arena in Olinda, upcountry Maui. The rodeo is the largest rodeo in Hawaii, typically attracting more than 4,000 spectators and the money prize brings daring bull riders from Maui as well as neighboring islands. 25 27 31 actively involved in educating youth about Hawaiian culture and language. “For me, as far as the language is concerned, that is directly linked to identity. It’s really important because when you work around especially the older cowboys, they work in the language,” says Ku’ulei Keakealani who is determined to pass the language on to her daughters, Kamehana, 12, and Nahe, 10. The girls learn Hawaiian at school and sometimes speak it at home with their mother who is fluent. The two girls, shaped by the rich cowboy heritage their family carries, have grown up on Kahua Ranch where their father, Wayne Tachera, is a cowboy. As a cowboy on Kahua Ranch, Tachera receives a benefit package that includes housing, electricity, water and a monthly ration of beef from the ranch. “It makes up for cowboy pay because cowboy pay is not much at all,” says Tachera. As a result, his two daughters have grown up with access to the ranch, its animals and exquisite setting. “Kamehana was one year and one month old when she first rode a horse by herself around the barrels. But I had to tie her down with a rope so she wouldn’t fall off the horse,” says Tachera of his daughter’s early exposure to riding. Reaching out to touch one of the horses her father is shoeing, Kamehana describes her afternoons on the ranch. “Every day we come down here and feed our horses. It’s very beautiful up here. Not many children can see this lifestyle. Sometimes we look to the mountain up there and we can see the whole entire ridge and beaches and stuff like that,” she says, pointing to a mountain up above the ranch. Kamehana and her sister Nahe have competed in rodeos since they were very young. Their father too, regularly competes in roping and bull riding events at rodeos both locally and on neighboring islands. While their grandfather worries about the direction the industry is going, the girls are steeped in the culture, perhaps unaware that the ranching industry’s future hangs in the balance. Kamehana, who can often be seen cutting out pictures of cowboys and cowgirls in magazines and pasting them in her scrapbook, regularly declares that she will follow in her father and grandfather’s footsteps. “I’m definitely going to be a cowgirl,” she says. “I am already a cowgirl,” she adds after a moment’s thought. Kamehana and Nahe’s aunt, Deedee Keakealani-Bertelmann and her husband, Kamuela Bertelmann, have a small herd of cattle they graze on land leased to them through the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act. The girls, their mother, their cousins, their uncles and grandfather often help out at the ranch on weekends, particularly during weaning and branding season.

Apr. 18, 2009 - North Kohala, Hawaii, U.S. - KAMEHANA TACHERA (L), rides her horse while sister NAHE and a friend after helpeding the Ho’opai family with their annual branding. Small-time ranchers, Kimo and Lehua Ho’opai have an agreement that allows them to graze their cattle amongst the windmills. Perhaps modern technology and traditional ranching techniques can coeexist. 35

Feb. 01, 2009 - Waimea, Hawaii, U.S. - Branding requires a lot of manpower so, the paniolo community comes together during branding season. ‘Everyone knows what their role is,’ says Goddfrey Kainoa. Kainoa is one of the original descendants of the Mexican vaqueros who taught the Hawaiians their cowboys skills.

Jul. 08, 2009 - North Kohala, Hawaii, U.S. - WAYNE TACHERA, a cowboy for Kahua Ranch, lets the ranch’s herd of horses out of the coral after spraying them with a fly repellent. In the distance, one can see the ocean. The ranch is located at 3,000 feet above sea level where some of the best grazing lands are. 41 While this gives the new generation of Keakealanis a sense of their own future involvement in the paniolo lifestyle, Deedee worries that as ranching becomes more and more expensive, the family will lose its tenuous hold on the land and the lifestyle that accompanies it. She too has watched as many of the ranches have sold off land to developers. “We need to figure out a way to keep open spaces and we need to figure out a way to keep our lifestyle going and the only way is if we have open spaces,” she says, the emotion palpable in her voice. Along with the loss of land, some cowboys have seen the impact of the all terrain vehicle (ATV) affect their livelihood. ATVs are used more and more to move cattle. The cowboys do still use horses for the skilled, nuanced work required in the confines of a coral during brandings and weanings. “I don’t fancy ATVs but they say it’s cheaper, faster and all that,” says Sonny Keakealani. “That’s today… modern cowboys. I cowboyed my life all with horses and I prefer horses. That’s cowboy, oh, that’s paniolo!” he says smiling. Like Keakealani, Jamie Dowsett, 85, has watched in dismay as the ranching industry has shifted towards ATVs and shrunk its cowboy crews in recent years. Dowsett, a retired cowboy and ranch manager for Parker Ranch, is a small man whose bowlegs and gnarled hands reflect years of hard work in the saddle. “The numbers that would call them ‘real cowboys’ is much, much smaller. They can’t make enough to live and they have families. The ranch is in bad shape now because there’s no more rain. It’s dry. Land that used to be nothing but green is desert now. No rain, no cows, no grass, no money,” says Dowsett, shrugging. In recent years, Parker Ranch’s cowboy crew has been whittled down to 12 from 40. The ranch has been selling off tracts of land, as have many neighboring ranches. It has also expanded its business offerings to include horseback riding tours and hunting. With a changing economy, ranches like Parker have to find a direction that is economically viable. Kahua Ranch, for instance, offers ATV adventures, horseback riding and a “Ranch BBQ Sunset Dinner” aimed at tourists. With a growing public interest in organic, grass-fed beef, some ranches are even exploring new ranching techniques and marketing their products to the healthconscious consumer. Whether this will help save Hawaii’s ranching industry remains to be seen. In the meantime, older cowboys sit with their memories and hold onto an identity and culture unique in space and time. “Most cowboys will always be cowboys even if they’re driving a tractor or taxi or something now because of the changes and the hard times,” says Dowsett, taking a philosophical approach. “They’ll always have a horse in their backyard as long as they can. Or maybe even a few cows. It’s just in them like it’s in myself. I’m 85 years old and I still think that cows and horses are the best things that ever walked on earth. I’d give anything if I could still be a cowboy… being out there on the land, where nobody bothers you. Out in the open where it’s quiet. Cows don’t talk to you, the horses are giving you a wonderful ride out in the beautiful countryside and that is a feeling that not many people have the opportunity to experience,” Dowsett finishes wistfully, looking out at his own small collection of horses. DT 43

Text and Photos by © Julia Cumes/ZUMA Press

Feb 13, 2009 - Honakaa, Hawaii, U.S. - SONNY KEAKEALANI, one of the most respected cowboys in the community and patriarch of the Keakealani family, takes a break to look at the ocean while moving a group of cattle from one pasture to another. ‘We often see whales spouting an breaching here,’ says Keakealani.

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Japan Quake Aftermath

Picture by Lui Siu Wai/Xinhua/ZUMA

Mar. 15, 2011 - Ofunato, Japan - A resident carries his belongings near the ruins in Ofunato city. The deadly tsunami left 206 dead and at least 191 missing according to the death toll released on Tuesday by local government. 45

Japan Quake Aftermath

Picture by Koichi Kamoshida/Jana Press/ZUMA

Mar. 15, 2011 - Miyako, Japan - People stand on the roofs of collapsed houses after the tsunami devastated Miyako city. A 10-meter tsunami following a 9.0-magnitude earthquake jolted northeastern Japan Mar. 11, 2011. The death toll could reach 10,000 in the nation’s worst and the world’s fourth worst earthquake. 47

Japan Quake Aftermath

Picture by Koichi Kamoshida/Jana Press/ZUMA

Mar. 15, 2011 - Miyako, Japan - A man stands on the collapsed houses in Miyako. A magnitude 9.0 earthquake hit Northern Japan. Tens of thousands of people are still missing. 49

Lamborghini Smashed on World Consumer Rights

Picture by Zhao Jianpeng/ChinaFotoPress/ZUMA

Mar. 16, 2011 - Qingdao, China - A car owner smashes his Lamborghini supercar in Qingdao.The Lamborghini owner said he bought this car on November 29, 2010, and soon after the engine often didn’t work. He communicated the problem with his distributor several times without result. So he decided to smash the car to peices in protest on ‘World Consumer Rights Day’. 51

Japan Quake Aftermath Survivors In A Wasteland

Picture by Ji Chunpeng/Xinhua/ZUMA

Mar. 22, 2011 - Iwate, Japan - A woman pushes her child amongst the debris in the quake-devastated Iwate Prefecture. The National Police Agency said Tuesday that the catastrophic Mar. 11 earthquake and ensuing tsunami have left 9,079 people dead and 12,645 others unaccounted for in Japan. 53

Violence In Algiers Over Housing Crisis

Picture by Xinhua/ZUMA

Mar. 23, 2011 - Algiers, Algeria - Police battle stone throwing youths during a protest against housing problems in the Clinat de France district of Algiers. Housing shortages and distribution have been a pressing issue for the Algerian government despite efforts to solve the problem. 55

Taylor Fans Remember Liz

Picture by Ringo Chiu/ZUMA

Mar 23, 2011 - Hollywood, California, U.S. - A visitor pays respects and takes pictures at Liz’s star in Hollywood. Flowers, photos and notes are placed on actress Elizabeth Taylor’s star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame upon news of her passing at age 79. 57

4,800 Gallon Fish Tank in UK Home

Picture by Rachel Adams/Caters News/ZUMA

Mar. 24, 2011 - London, England, United Kingdom - JACK HEATHCOTE cleans the glass from the inside of the 4,800 gallon fish tank he set up in his cellar. Heathcote, 37, bought his five-bed detached home just so he could build it. At almost 13ft square and 7ft high and complete with glass viewing gallery, it is the biggest private aquarium in Britain. 59

White Rhino Inseminated

Picture by Maury Golini/Maxppp/ZUMA

Mar. 28, 2011 - AmneVille, France - Vets and zoo staff carry out the process of artificial insemination on a White Rhinoceros at Amneville Zoo. 61

Gold Car Towed For Illegal Parking

Picture by Ding Liang/ChinaFotoPress/ZUMA

Mar. 29, 2011 - Nanjing, China - A customized golden Nissan Infinity is loaded onto a trailer for towing after it was found to be illegally parked. The car, without license plates, was parked there by a young couple who refused to answer question from the media and public. 63

Charles and Camilla Visit Spain

Picture by Daily Express/ZUMA

Mar. 30, 2011 - Madrid, Spain - Crown Prince PHILIPE and Princess LETIZIA watch as an honor guard collapses. The Royals were on hand for Charles and Camilla who arrived in Spain on their spring tour of Europe. 65

MLB 2011 - Dodger Stadium Baseball Season Opener

Picture by Louis Lopez/Cal Sport Media/ZUMA

March 31, 2011 Los Angeles, CA.Los Angeles Dodgers try and catch a foul ball during the 2011 Opening Day Major League Baseball between the San Francisco Giants and the Los Angeles Dodgers at Dodger Stadium on March 31, 2011 in Los Angeles, California..The Dodgers defeat the Giants 2-1. 67

Libya Civil War

Picture by Maurizio Gambarini/DPA/ZUMA

Mar. 31, 2011 - Benghazi, Libya - A resident of Benghazi stands on top of an abandoned tank. Despite government troops withdrawal from the city, resident are wary they might return as Libyan rebels retreat from former strongholds along the eastern coast. Nato assumed sole command of international air operations over Libya at 0600 GMT on Thursday. 69

Rebels in Benghazi Hospital

Picture by Maurizio Gambarini/DPA/ZUMA

Apr. 1, 2011 - Benghazi, Libya - Rebel HAMID AL-KASEH flashes the V for victory sign as he lies in a hospital after being seriously injured in recent fighting. After a few days of calm, residents of Benghazi fear renewed attacks from Gaddafi’s troops. 71

Parade of Fools in California

Picture by Kent Porter/Santa Rosa Press Democrat/ZUMA

Apr. 2, 2011 - Occidental, California, U.S. - GARY AVREIM of Sebastopol does his best to blend in at the Occidental Fools Parade in downtown Occidental. The annual day of frivolity in this small Northern California town is held the weekend closest to April Fools Day. 73

Car Key Stuck in Child’s Forehead

Picture by Quirky China News/Rex Features/ZUMA

Apr. 5, 2011 - Guangzhou, China - Two-year-old LIU XINGYU is prepared for surgery to remove the key embedded in his forehead. Liu Xingyu’s father Liu Yong runs an auto repair shop and says the two-year-old has a great interest in cars, ‘’Each time I go out he will run to start the car for me’’.This time Liu fell when running with its keys in his hand. When Yong helped his son stand up he was shocked to see the key embedded in his head. ‘’We can’t pull out the key directly, as that would further damage the brain or cause massive hemorrhaging,’’ said Doctor Liu Chenyong. Surgeons had to carefully cut away the piece of skull it was embedded in, removing the key and replacing the piece of skull. Xingyu is expected to make a full recovery. 75

Libya Civil War

Picture by Maurizio Gambarini/DPA/ZUMA

Apr. 6, 2011 - Bengazi, Libya - A Libyan rebel rests under his automatic weapon in the bed of a truck in Bengazi. The struggle against troops loyal to Libyan ruler Muammar Gaddafi continues. 77

Golf 2011 - US Masters Tournament

Picture by Rainier Ehrhardt/ The Augusta Chronicle/ZUMA

Apr. 7, 2011 - Augusta, Georgia, U.S. - TIGER WOODS reacts to missing a birdie putt on the 10th hole during Thursday’s first round of The Masters golf tournament at Augusta National. 79

Lebanon Deadly Prison Riots

Picture by Koka/Xinhua/ZUMA

Apr. 6, 2011 - Beirut Lebanon - A relative of an inmate throws stones at the riot police during a protest near the Roumieh prison, east of Beirut.Two inmates at Lebanon’s largest prison, ‘Roumieh’, died during an overnight riot after security forces stormed the complex to end a riot. Prisoners were protesting against overcrowding. 81

Moderate Muslim Cleric Killed in Kashmir Blast

Picture by Altaf Zargar/ZUMA

pr. 8, 2011 - Srinagar, Kashmir - People carry the body of MAULVI SHOWKAT AHMED SHAH, a prominent Muslim religious leader, during his funeral in Srinagar. Shah, considered a moderate voice and close ally of the pro-independence Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front, was killed in a blast outside a mosque before Friday prayers in Srinagar. 83

Lampedusa Island Migrant Crisis

Picture by Vincenzo Tersigni/Eidon Press/ZUMA

Apr. 9, 2011 - Lampedusa, Italy - As the ongoing influx of refugees from North Africa continues and Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi is set to visit on Saturday, another boat crammed with migrants arrived at this small southern Italian port. Hundreds of Somalis, Nigerians and Eritreans were packed aboard an iron fishing trawler that arrived overnight, a coast guard spokesman said. 85

Second Annual ‘Walk A Mile In Her Shoes’

Picture by Mark Weber/ The Commercial Appeal/ZUMA

Apr. 15, 2011 - Memphis, Tennessee, U.S. - BOB BEDFORD, 91, (back) tries to get a better look as participants in red pumps walk up Broad Ave. during the The Second Annual Walk A Mile In Her Shoes event Friday evening. The masculine stroll around the Arts District is a sanctioned event at the district’s Spring Art Walk and one of several events in recognition of April as National Crime Victim’s Month. 87

UK Supermarket Riots

Picture by Jonathan Taphouse/London News Pictures/ZUMA

Apr. 22, 2011 - Bristol, England, United Kingdom - Rioters confront police and dogs as hundreds of protesters stormed a controversial Tesco store only days after it opened injuring eight police officers. It came after police had raided a nearby squat at the centre of a campaign against the supermarket giant. 89

Clashes During West Bank Protests

Picture by Jim Weber/ The Commercial Appeal/ZUMA

April 22, 2011 - Ramallah,West Bank - A Palestinian protester, using a plastic bag as gas mask, runs for cover from tear gas canisters fired by Israeli soldiers during the weekly demonstration against Israel’s separation barrier in the village of Bilin. Some 250 left-wing Israeli and foreign activists protested against the separation fence being built in the area. Some of the protestors hurled stones at the security forces, who used crowd dispersal means in response. 91

Severe Weather Wreaks Havoc In Midwest

Picture by Jim Weber/ The Commercial Appeal/ZUMA

Apr. 27, 2011 - West Memphis, Arkansas, U.S. - Despite being knee deep in flood water, Crittenden County Sheriff Deputy DARRYN RICHARDSON discovers that he still has power to his TV. Richardson was wading through his apartment to retrieve hunting rifles. West Memphis was declared a disaster area by the state as rains continued to pound the midsouth causing low lying areas to flood.

Picture by Christophe Karaba/EPA 93

Tornadoes Devastate South, Killing Hundreds

Picture by Christine Prichard/ZUMA

Apr. 28, 2011 - Pleasant Grove, Alabama, U.S. - DESIREE JEMISON collects belongings of her injured friends amidst tornado damage. 95

Tornadoes Devastate South, Killing Hundreds

Picture by Nicolaus Czarnecki/ZUMA

Apr 29, 2011 - Alberta City, Alabama, U.S. - JESSICA COLBURN helps her boyfriend sift through the debris for belongings from his second floor apartment after it was hit by the devastating storm that passed through the area on April 27, 2011.

Picture by Gene Blevins/Los Angeles Daily News 97

Royal Wedding 2011 - The Kiss

Picture by Peter Kneffel/DPA/ZUMA

April 29, 2011 - London, England, United Kingdom - A bridesmaid covers her ears as the crowd cheers for PRINCESS CATHERINE ‘Kate’ MIDDLETON and PRINCE WILLIAM kissing on the balcony of Buckingham Palace after their marriage ceremony. 99

Royal Wedding 2011 - Buckingham Palace

Picture by Andy Hooper/Daily Mail/ZUMA

April 29, 2011 - London, England, United Kingdom - PRINCE WILLIAM and his new wife PRINCESS CATHERINE leave Buckingham Palace in an Aston Martin. 101

Tornadoes Devastate South, Killing Hundreds

Picture by Nicolaus Czarnecki/NIcolaus Czarnecki/ZUMA

Apr 30, 2011 - Holt, Alabama, U.S. - Young ANDREW BRUITT, 5, colors in a book he found in the debris as other members of his family search for their belongings in a pile of debris which was once their Holt home that was destroyed by the powerful storm which hit the area on April 27, 2011. Alabama was hit hard by the storm which left a trail of devastation and killed hundreds across the Southern United States. 103

Bin Laden Killed by U.S. Forces in Pakistan

Picture by Pete Souza/ The White House/ZUMA

May 01, 2011 - Washington, District of Columbia, U.S. - President BARACK OBAMA and Vice President JOE BIDEN, along with members of the national security team, receive an update on the mission against bin Laden in the Situation Room of the White House. 105

Leader of The Pack

Picture by Andrew Medichini-POOL/ZUMA

May 1, 2011 - Vatican City - POPE BENEDICT XVI, kneels in prayer in front of the casket of late Pope John Paul II, laid out in state at the Altar of the Confession inside St. Peter’s Basilica, at the end of a solemn celebration in St. Peter’s Square where John Paul II was beatified, in the fastest beatification in modern times. More than a million faithful have attended the celebration at the Vatican and surrounding streets. 107

Wedding Crashers

Picture by Mark Makela/

May 3, 2011 - London, England, UK - Costumed royalists attend a 1923 themed speakeasy celebrating the royal wedding of King Albert and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, Prince William’s great grandparents, the day after his wedding to Kate Middleton at Westminster Abbey. 109

Bull Fighting 2011 - San Marcos Fest in Aguascalientes

Picture by Leopoldo Smith Murillo/EFE/ZUMA

May 8, 2011 - Aguascalientes, Mexico - Mexican bullfighter ALBERTO ESPINOZA is gored in the groin by his second bull of the evening during the San Marcos Fest. Espinoza received surgery for his injuries.

Picture by Oliver Weiken/EPA 111

Memphis Rising - Flood of the Century

Picture by Jim Weber/ The Commercial Appeal/ZUMA

May 10, 2011 - Memphis, Tennessee, U.S. - Jumping asian carp feed off the muck filled floodwater off President’s Island. 113

Under Water Fashion

Picture by Mick Gleissner/Caters News/ZUMA

May 11, 2011 - Cebu, Philippines - Models wear boxing gloves and ‘fight’ in an underwater boxing ring. Diver and film director Mick Gleissner who likes nothing more than photographing 16-foot beneath the sea. Mick takes his photographs on location in the warm tropical seas off the coast of Cebu, in the Philippines. He also uses deep-water swimming pools. The subjects have to pass rigorous saftey tests and breathing exercises, holding their breath for up to four minutes at a time. 115

London Nightclub Shooting Leaves One Critically Injured

Picture by Will Oliver/National News/ZUMA

May 13, 2011 - London, England, United Kingdom - Forensic police teams search for evidence at the scene of a shooting outside Liquid and Envy nightclubs in Exchange Street overnight. 117

President Obama State Visit to Ireland

Picture by Tim Rooke/Rex Features/ZUMA

May 23, 2011 - First Lady MICHELLE OBAMA and President BARACK OBAMA enjoy a pint of Guinness in Hayes Bar in his ancestral home of Moneygall during the president’s state visit to Ireland. 119

Louis Vuitton Beijing ‘Voyages’ Exhibition

Picture byLi Xin/Xinhua/ZUMA

May 31, 2011 - Beijing, China - Visitors attend the Louis Vuitton ‘Voyages’ exhibition held in the National Museum of China in Beijing. The design exhibition which runs until August 30 has drawn criticism for its obvious commercial streak but matches the museum’s fresh new identity according to museum deputy director Chen Lusheng. 121

Facebook Launches Facial Recognition in Germany

Picture by Jochen Luebke/DPA/ZUMA

June 8, 2011 - Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany - The facebook logo is reflected in an eye. The much-disputed facebook facial recognintion has been launched in Germany. It is only activated when a new picture gets uploaded. Then, the facebook friends of a user get a request to mark their friend in the picture. 123

World Naked Bike Ride 2011

Picture by Paul Brown/Rex Features/ZUMA

June 11, 2011 - London, England - Scores of nude cyclists take to the streets in the 2011 World Naked Bike Ride in London. A demonstration protesting against global oil dependency. 125

Pride 2011

Picture by Eidon Press/ZUMA

June 11, 2011 - Rome, Italy - Two gay men dressed as ancient Romans kiss in front of the Colosseum during Europride 2011, the European gay and lesbian parade. 127

Man vs Horse Race

Picture by Aled Llywelyn/London News Pictures/ZUMA

June 11, 2011 - Llanwrtyd Wells, Wales, United Kingdom - Runners and riders compete in the 2011 ‘Man vs Horse Race’ at Llanwrtyd Wells in central Wales. The Race is run over a 22 mile course through a mixture of farm tracks, footpaths, forestry and open moorland. 129

PRCA Rodeo 2011

Picture by Matt Cohen/Southcreek Global/ZUMA

June 12, 2011 - Livermore, California, U.S - MATT MARVEL of Winnemucca, NV gets bucked off Rock Ridge at the 93rd Annual Livermore Rodeo at Robertson Park. 131

Shot with Zeiss 35mm f/1.4 on a Nikon D700





35mm f/1.4

50mm f/1.4


85mm f/1.4

In an autofocus/ autoexposure/11x zoom lens world, legendary lens manufacturer Carl Zeiss introduces a line of manual focus/manual exposure/single focal length f/1.4 lenses for Canon and Nikon cameras. What’s up with that? According to Zeiss, their industrial clients were the first to inquire about lenses to replace the manual focus lenses that have been discontinued by Nikon. And I would imagine that the continuing sale of adapters for Contax camera lenses to Canon cameras, along with the premium prices the lenses themselves are commanding on eBay, further confirmed the marketability of modern single focal length lenses. Currently available fast Zeiss lenses for Canon and Nikon are a wide-angle Distagon T* lens, the 35mm f/1.4, and two Planar T* lenses, the 50mm f/1.4 and 85mm f/1.4. For Canon cameras, the line carries the designation “ZE� and for Nikon they are designated ZF.2. They function with all film and digital SLRs in the respective Camera lines. The Nikon lenses even include the autoindexing (AI) ring and tiny secondary aperture scale. With both lines, the lenses focus by turning the focusing ring in the same direction as the manual focus lenses from the respective manufacturers. What has changed with the lenses in comparison with their Canon and Nikon counterparts is the optical and mechanical design. Based on their most recent experience designing the UltraPrime, MasterPrime and DigiPrime lenses for motion picture cameras, Zeiss has incorporated an improved T* anti-reflection coating for superior control of flare and ghosting resulting in superb contrast and tonal separation. All of the lenses incorporate a nine-bladed aperture for a virtually perfect circular diaphragm, and focusing rings with silky smooth action that provide


HNO Shot with Zeiss 35mm f/1.4 on Nikon a D700

long rotations for more accurate focusing. While I didn’t test the video capabilities of these lenses, a few words on this subject are appropriate with many photographers, from photojournalists to wedding photographers, moving to video. Given that videocapable DSLRs do not support autofocus, manual focus lenses are no hindrance, and in many ways they have an advantage. For example, the focusing ring on autofocus lenses has no definite stop either at infinity or the minimum focusing distance, making it impossible to get a feel for the amount of turning that is need to cover the range. Zeiss lenses stop precisely at these end points and the long rotation and silkysmooth action of the Zeiss focusing rings makes smooth, precise focusing easy.

As you become more comfortable shooting video, you either measure out distances from the camera, or become expert at estimating them and transferring that information to the lens. So the wider spaced the distance marking on the lens barrel and the longer the rotation from minimum focusing distance to infinity, the more precise your focus will be. The focusing ring on my 1735mm Nikkor moves through less than 90 degrees (hard to tell precisely) from infinity to minimum focus, while the ring on Zeiss lenses moves through at least 120 degrees without a hint of play. Zeiss lenses are definitely what you need for digital video as well as the highest quality still captures. Quality is evident in every aspect of these lenses. They feature all-metal construc-

OLOGIS 135 141

OLO Shot with Zeiss 35mm f/1.4 on Nikon a D700

tion. The aperture markings and letter is engraved into the barrels—no silk screening here. And I can verify from my own shooting with film that the color rendition is identical with all of the focal lengths. If you’ve become accustomed to shooting with f/2.8 prime or zoom lenses, the brightness of your viewfinder with the f/1.4 lenses mounted will amaze you. It is even possible to focus accurately and consistently using the focusing screen without resorting to the in-focus indicator signal. My fast prime lens is normally a 35mm f/1.4 Nikkor, so I did more shooting with the Zeiss 35mm f/1.4 than the 50mm. However, my favorite image, that of a cactus and its shadow against an orange wall, was made with it. Shot on Kodak 100 G transparency,

Shot with Zeiss 85mm f/1.4 on a Nikon D700

the cactus spines are frighteningly sharp, and even their shadows, and the texture in the wall behind, have outstanding detail. It takes 58mm filters and weighs in at a mere 12 ounces. The light weight makes it an ideal lens for low light photos. On the other hand, the Planar T* 85 f/1.4 saw a lot of use despite its 20 ounce weight and large diameter front element requiring 72mm filters. It is an extraordinary portrait lens for both film and digital photography. The f/1.4 maximum aperture allows precise focusing on the eyes, and the range of apertures from f/1.4 to f/16 permit romantically soft to exceedingly sharp portraits. It’s also an extremely competent available light lens, but one requiring firm support or a fast shutter speed


TEC Shot with Zeiss 85mm f/1.4 on Nikon a D700

for sharp images. You won’t go unnoticed when you raise this piece of glass to your eye. I gave the Zeiss Distagon T* 35mm f/1.4 the heaviest workout. Even at maximum aperture, the Zeiss shows superb sharpness in the center of the lens. Sharpness falls off somewhat to the edges of the frame if you would ever place the subject near the edge of the frame when shooting wide open. By f/2, sharpness is excellent everywhere. There is a hint of barrel distortion at f/1.4 on a full frame camera, but that too disappears by f/2. Distortion is non-existent on a DX-format camera. Vignetting is quite apparent at f/1.4 on a full frame camera and requires stopping

down two stops to eliminate it. I was a little surprised by this given the physical size of the lens, but I’m a fan of vignetting, so this doesn’t bother me. Vignetting was less with my old Nikkor, the only place where the Nikkor beat out the Zeiss. If the Zeiss lens has a weakness it is in its control of chromatic aberration near the edges of the image from a full frame digital camera. Chromatic aberration was invisible on film, but more obvious that I expected in images from a D3X. While this is easily corrected in post, I was expecting better. What is most noticeable with the Zeiss lenses is the beautiful, almost creamy, look of out-of-focus lights or objects. The nine-blade diaphragm certainly contributes


CHN Shot with Zeiss 50mm f/1.4 on Nikon a D700

to this, but when you are quickly running through images from a shoot, you’ll spot those taken with a Zeiss lens. They just have a different look to them and it’s different from comparable Canon and Nikon lenses. The lens specifications and the quality targets are created at the Carl Zeiss factory in Oberkochen, Germany where technicians also perform prototype testing in their labs and “torture chambers.” Production is done at the Cosina factory in Japan under the watchful eye of Carl Zeiss employees in charge of quality assurance. The actual quality control is performed on measuring machines designed and made by Carl Zeiss in Oberkochen just as it has been on all Japanese-made Zeiss Contax lenses.

Shot with Zeiss 35mm f/1.4 on Nikon a D700

Production in Japan is done to ensure that the lenses will be available at prices that a large number of photographers can afford and in the range that professional photographers are accustomed to paying. Zeiss ZF.2 lenses are currently available in ten focal lengths: 18mm f/3.5, 21mm f2.8, 25mm f/2.8, 35mm f/1.4, 35mm f/2, 50mm f/1.4, 50mm f/2 Macro, 85mm f/1.4 and 100mm f/2 Macro. Zeiss suggested Minimum Advertised Prices are as follows: Distagon T* 1.4/35--$874; Planar T* 1.4/50--$624; Planar T* 1.4/85-$1249.







© Wang Dongdong/Xinhua/ April 18, 2011 - Amman, Jordan - A Syrian boy with Syrian national flag painted on his face during a sit-in attended by scores of Syrians living in Jordan against Bashar’s government and the ruling Ba’ath Party. 139


TECHNOLOGIST Glass From The Zeiss Gods

DOUBLEtruck Issue 24  

The newest issue of DOUBLEtruck Magazine is here!

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