Protein Producers Fall 2018

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PROTEIN producers Fall 2018



When commercial vaccines may not be the answer, Newport Laboratories can create a custom one. We pinpoint the problem and produce a customized vaccine specific to the herd in need. And now that Newport Laboratories is part of Boehringer Ingelheim, you have the combined resources of two industry leaders ensuring your veterinary toolbox is never left incomplete. For more information, contact Newport Laboratories, Inc. at 800-220-2522.

The Newport Laboratories Logo is a registered trademark of Newport Laboratories, Inc. ©2018 Newport Laboratories, Inc., Worthington, MN. All rights reserved. BOV-1255-NPL0518

PROTEIN producers


2018 Volume 6 Issue 3

Editor: Kelly Terrell Associate Editors: Brandi Bain, Lisa Taylor

PAC Veterinarians Dr. Tom Edwards Dr. Doug Ford Dr. Matt Fruge Dr. Nels Lindberg Dr. Jim Lowe Dr. Kip Lukasiewicz Dr. Tom Noffsinger Dr. Randall Spare Dr. Corbin Stevens Dr. Kev Sullivan Dr. Wade Taylor Dr. Shane Terrell Dr. Dan Thomson

Follow us on Twitter @PACVets

PAC Team Ted Howard Animal stewardship, horsemanship Jose Valles Bilingual education & training Garrett Taylor Information management Kelly Terrell Marketing and communications Lisa Taylor Business and data analysis Brandi Bain Marketing and business administration

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SHIPPING S T R E S S. Y O U C A N O U T S M A R T I T. Protect your calves against bovine respiratory disease (BRD) with Zactran (gamithromycin). ®

Stress can leave your cattle susceptible to performance-robbing pneumonia. With ZACTRAN, you get a potent combination of six factors that helps you protect the genetic potential of your calves – and your profitability. Get the facts to see what makes ZACTRAN the smart choice. Important Safety Information: For use in cattle only. Do not treat cattle within 35 days of slaughter. Because a discard time in milk has not been established, do not use in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older, or in calves to be processed for veal. The effects of ZACTRAN on bovine reproductive performance, pregnancy and lactation have not been determined. Subcutaneous injection may cause a transient local tissue reaction in some cattle that may result in trim loss of edible tissues at slaughter. NOT FOR USE IN HUMANS. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN. Merial is now part of Boehringer Ingelheim. Zactran is a registered trademark of Merial. ©2018 Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc. BOV-1088-ANTB0418


1 2 3 4 5 6

Susceptibility Speed Site of infection Staying power Safety Saves money

150 mg/mL ANTIMICROBIAL NADA 141-328, Approved by FDA For subcutaneous injection in beef and non-lactating dairy cattle only. Not for use in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older or in calves to be processed for veal. Caution: Federal (USA) law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian. READ ENTIRE BROCHURE CAREFULLY BEFORE USING THIS PRODUCT. INDICATIONS ZACTRAN is indicated for the treatment of bovine respiratory disease (BRD) associated with Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida, Histophilus somni and Mycoplasma bovis in beef and non-lactating dairy cattle. ZACTRAN is also indicated for the control of respiratory disease in beef and non-lactating dairy cattle at high risk of developing BRD associated with Mannheimia haemolytica and Pasteurella multocida. CONTRAINDICATIONS As with all drugs, the use of ZACTRAN is contraindicated in animals previously found to be hypersensitive to this drug. WARNING: FOR USE IN CATTLE ONLY. NOT FOR USE IN HUMANS. KEEP THIS AND ALL DRUGS OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN. NOT FOR USE IN CHICKENS OR TURKEYS. The material safety data sheet (MSDS) contains more detailed occupational safety information. To report adverse effects, obtain an MSDS or for assistance, contact Merial at 1-888-637-4251. RESIDUE WARNINGS: Do not treat cattle within 35 days of slaughter. Because a discard time in milk has not been established, do not use in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older. A withdrawal period has not been established for this product in pre-ruminating calves. Do not use in calves to be processed for veal. PRECAUTIONS The effects of ZACTRAN on bovine reproductive performance, pregnancy, and lactation have not been determined. Subcutaneous injection of ZACTRAN may cause a transient local tissue reaction in some cattle that may result in trim loss of edible tissues at slaughter. ADVERSE REACTIONS Transient animal discomfort and mild to moderate injection site swelling may be seen in cattle treated with ZACTRAN. EFFECTIVENESS The effectiveness of ZACTRAN for the treatment of BRD associated with Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida and Histophilus somni was demonstrated in a field study conducted at four geographic locations in the United States. A total of 497 cattle exhibiting clinical signs of BRD were enrolled in the study. Cattle were administered ZACTRAN (6 mg/kg BW) or an equivalent volume of sterile saline as a subcutaneous injection once on Day 0. Cattle were observed daily for clinical signs of BRD and were evaluated for clinical success on Day 10. The percentage of successes in cattle treated with ZACTRAN (58%) was statistically significantly higher (p<0.05) than the percentage of successes in the cattle treated with saline (19%). The effectiveness of ZACTRAN for the treatment of BRD associated with M. bovis was demonstrated independently at two U.S. study sites. A total of 502 cattle exhibiting clinical signs of BRD were enrolled in the studies. Cattle were administered ZACTRAN (6 mg/kg BW) or an equivalent volume of sterile saline as a subcutaneous injection once on Day 0. At each site, the percentage of successes in cattle treated with ZACTRAN on Day 10 was statistically significantly higher than the percentage of successes in the cattle treated with saline (74.4% vs. 24% [p <0.001], and 67.4% vs. 46.2% [p = 0.002]). In addition, in the group of calves treated with gamithromycin that were confirmed positive for M. bovis (pre-treatment nasopharyngeal swabs), there were more calves at each site (45 of 57 calves, and 5 of 6 calves) classified as successes than as failures. The effectiveness of ZACTRAN for the control of respiratory disease in cattle at high risk of developing BRD associated with Mannheimia haemolytica and Pasteurella multocida was demonstrated in two independent studies conducted in the United States. A total of 467 crossbred beef cattle at high risk of developing BRD were enrolled in the study. ZACTRAN (6 mg/kg BW) or an equivalent volume of sterile saline was administered as a single subcutaneous injection within one day after arrival. Cattle were observed daily for clinical signs of BRD and were evaluated for clinical success on Day 10 post-treatment. In each of the two studies, the percentage of successes in the cattle treated with ZACTRAN (86% and 78%) was statistically significantly higher (p = 0.0019 and p = 0.0016) than the percentage of successes in the cattle treated with saline (36% and 58%). Marketed by Merial Limited 3239 Satellite Blvd., Duluth, GA 30096-4640 U.S.A. Made in Austria ®ZACTRAN is a registered trademark of Merial. ©2016 Merial. All rights reserved. Rev. 01/2016

Sponsors Thank you to all sponsors for supporting PAC & Protein Producers.

American Animal Health Animal Health International Bayer Boehringer Ingelheim Chr. Hansen Daniels Manufacturing Co. Diamond V DOCTalk Elanco Lallemand Micro Technologies Midwest NetPro Newport Laboratories Norbrook Zinpro Zoetis Cover Photo Credit Thank you to Darcy Howard for the cover photo.

We want to showcase unique photographs from our readers here! Please submit your photographs to Kelly Terrell at

Golden Belt Feeders Great Bend, KS Manager: Stan Kaiser

Welcome Hello, and welcome to the fall issue of Protein Producers! The fall is always such an exciting time in our industry as large numbers of calves born in the spring leave the ranch and the cycle starts all over again. In the feedlots, this presents us with new challenges and great opportunities. The fall gives us the opportunity to accept change and explore new ideas. This is especially true with our ever-changing workforce. Our industry brings together people of all different cultures, classes, and generations. We want to thank everyone who was able to make it out to our meeting in Oberlin, Kansas, in July. Dr. Shane Terrell did a wonderful job organizing a stellar lineup of speakers to give new perspectives in our constantly evolving industry. Dr. Kev Sullivan with PAC Australia spoke to us about an increasingly relevant topic on a global scale, antibiotic stewardship. Dr. Kev shared their system of the “5 Rs”: responsibility of the veterinarian and feedlot managers; reviewing of protocols for treatment of disease; reduction in antibiotics used where applicable; refine diagnostics and treatments; and replace treatments where possible. Burke Teichert spoke about team building and effective leadership. Without great leadership, we cannot have great teams. In the same vein, Mitch Holthus with the Kansas City Chiefs spoke about his experiences with building and maintaining a team atmosphere. After lunch, Samuel Cossio shared with us a little bit of his story and how his personal experiences have shaped his management style. Sam gave us some insight into his culture

and how he and his team manage problems and conflicts in innovative ways. We at PAC would like to thank all of our clients and friends for allowing us to serve such wonderful people. Everyday we are reminded that our industry is made up of so many caring individuals and this is the image that truly defines why we do what we do. When we sit down to supper with our families, we are thankful for the soldiers that fight for our freedom and for the men and women who work so hard to provide us with such a safe and nutritional food supply. Sincerely, Matt Fruge DVM

Contributors Thank you to all those contributing multiple stories and insights to Protein Producers.

Joseph F. Connor, DVM, MS Dr. Connor is Founder and President of Carthage Group, which provides swine veterinary and management consulting services to the pork industry throughout the United States and East Asia. Carthage Group comprises Carthage Veterinary Service, Ltd., Professional Swine Management, LLC, Carthage Innovative Swine Solutions, LLC, and other subsidiaries. Dr. Connor has received numerous industry awards for outstanding life-long service to the profession. He was a Howard Dunne Memorial Lecturer and Alex Hogg Lecturer, received the Leman Science in Practice Award, was recognized as practitioner of the year, and received the Master’s Award from The National Hog Farmer. He is an international authority on health management and disease elimination science, delivering over 300 keynotes to audiences in China, Thailand, Australia, Spain, Indonesia, Korea, Mexico, Poland, and Canada, as well as authoring 40+ papers including several peer-reviewed publications. Dr. Connor also recently co-authored the book Pig Health. Dr. Connor obtained his DVM from the University of Illinois in 1976 and a Master of Science in Veterinary Medicine from the University of Minnesota, and completed the Executive Veterinary Program in 2009 with the University of Illinois.

Jacob Mayer, P.E. Jacob Mayer is a Project Engineer for Settje Agri-Services & Engineering ( located near Raymond, NE. He is a licensed Professional Engineer and has a B.S. in Agricultural Engineering from Iowa State University and M.S. in Biological Engineering from Mississippi State University. He resides in rural Weston, NE with his wife (Katie), daughter (Kirkland), and son (Hatten). He does not wear a pocket protector and does not know how to use a slide rule.

The Pot Roast

We want to showcase the talented chefs that read our magazine. In this issue we are featuring Arturo and Wrenn Pacheco who run cattle in the Flint Hills of Kansas while also maintaining a fun and unique cooking blog which can be found at If you have a recipe that you would like to feature in The Pot Roast section of the magazine, please email us at Our goal is to continue discovering recipes from agriculture’s finest. Disclaimer: The views, opinions, and information expressed in this magazine are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect Production Animal Consultation's policy or position.

Contents 8. Welcome Dr. Matt Fruge

46. Chuckles from Down Under 47. Calendar

21. Chuckles from Down Under

Stewardship 25. Customer Photo Feature 29. Newest PAC Members

13. First Impressions 17. Stockmanship Intervention Opportunities

41. Chuckles from Down Under

Swine 42. Parable: Power Under

19. Diagnostic and Emerging


Pathogen Strategies

FAll 2018 Research

Bilingual Training

23. Anaplasmosis

38. Estrategias Diagnosticas Y Emergentes De Patógenos

Facility Design

39. Anaplasmosis

27. Handling Principles vs. 30. A New Bird on the Block

40. La Generación-X y los Baby-Boomers También Tienen Debilidades


The pot roast

32. Gen Xers and Baby Boomers

44. Cowboy’s Bolognese Sauce

Handling Facilities

Have Weaknesses Too


First Impressions By: Ted Howard Production Animal Consultation





chance to make a good first impression.” 13

Have you ever heard the saying, “You only get one chance to make a good first impression”? This saying is very timely as we are once again preparing for the fall runs in our feed yards. Our horsemanship must be at its best this time of year. As we invite these cattle off the trucks into their new environment, our horses must be very confident and reassuring to these cattle. The horse we introduce our cattle to in the first week must be slow footed and have a low headset. This type of demeanor will build confidence and trust in our cattle. As these cattle are acclimated to their home pen with a quiet and well-prepared horse, the cattle’s stress level is minimized. Not only are these cattle getting accustomed to their new pen, they are experiencing the processing facility for the first time. It is very important that proper stockmanship is used to get these cattle to the processing facility, so the processors have nice quiet cattle to work with. In turn, it is imperative that the processing crews are using proper stockmanship techniques to move the cattle through the processing barn so that they are able to return to their home pen in a positive manner.

The proper receiving, acclimation, and processing of these new cattle helps minimize the stress they are going through. The less stress cattle are under, the faster they adapt to their new feeding program. The quicker we can get new cattle to eating and drinking, the fewer pulls we will have. Once we have these cattle acclimated to their new environment, we need to move to our exercise program. Exercising cattle helps keep them stimulated and active. Cattle that are stimulated appear to be healthier as they are more consistent in the number of times they go to the bunk. This busy time of year can be tiring for ourselves and our teammates. Remembering to be patient and consistent in our own demeanor will help with all our responsibilities and relationships. Let’s make our first impression a lasting impression.

Enroflox® 100

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(oxytetracycline 300 mg/mL)

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Let’s Work Together


Stockmanship Intervention Opportunities By: Dr. Tom Noffsinger Production Animal Consultation Cattle are herd animals that thrive in wide open spaces where abundant forages and water are available. Modern beef production systems include both range settings and more confined, intensely managed environments. Most cattle health, soundness, and performance challenges are associated with cattle address changes. Caregivers are present during routine herd visits and handling events and can focus on making human intervention positive for both cattle and people. Strive to use each visit to a herd to create effective communication and voluntary motion that supports performance and health. Cow-calf production parameters that can be improved through effective stockmanship include first service conception rates, maternal bonding, nursing frequency, neonatal health, and weaning behavior. Focused caregiver interactions at feedlots can improve arrival feed and water intake levels, reduce morbidity, and improve treatment responses. Create an awareness that consistent handling is an exciting adventure for both cattle and caregiver teams. Each intervention is a chance to train both people and cattle. A partial list of skills that improve performance, health, and safety include: 1. “Greeting” new cattle at the unloading chute.

7. Responding to cattle requests to create orderly cattle movement during daily pen checks. 8. Emptying pens seamlessly for pen moves, shipping, and sorting. 9. Exercising and creating cattle exuberance in priority pens. 10. Loading harvest cattle so they perceive to belong on the truck. Work as a team to teach and share effective handling techniques that promote harmony between people, horses, and cattle. Our goal is to understand each other and the creatures we are responsible for at higher levels.

Creating counter clockwise herd motion with the left eye toward the handler during early acclimation and pen rider activities saves time and improves the chances that cattle will express true states of health.

2. Leading cattle to receiving pens and to and from processing facilities. 3. Allowing high risk, commingled calves to travel through processing facilities prior to processing. 4. Acclimating new arrivals to bunk, bedding, and water sources. 5. Creating counter-clockwise herd motion during acclimation and pen riding events. 6. Removing single pulls quietly so they want to go to the hospital. 17


Diagnostic and Emerging Pathogen Strategies By: Joseph F. Connor, DVM, MS Carthage Group

What do bovine and swine veterinarians have in common? When you compare Dr. Wade Taylor and I, you would dig deep to find anything. Any person that wants to fall off of a horse roping at a mature age is suspect to all types of questions! Swine veterinarians don’t have much risk falling off of a sow, but we do need to remember to duck a lot. 19

We have a common drive to understand pathogens, how they affect our species, how they emerge from common agents to pathogens, transmission rates, mitigation procedures, and treatment and prevention outcomes. With trade globalization and environmental shifting, we are concerned about emerging new agents or introduction of viruses and bacteria that are not currently present in our production systems. Host pathogen models are essential for designing strategies for managing disease threats to humans and domestic animals. In 2013, porcine endemic diarrhea virus (PEDv) entered our swine populations. This virus diabolically altered our industry. I was fortunate enough to be consulted in these first cases. Clinical signs were similar to a well-known but infrequent virus in modern production (transmissible gastroenteritis, TGE). The virus causes diarrhea in all ages of pigs and mortality close to 100% in piglets less than 16 days of age in a naïve herd. Diagnostic laboratories were not routinely conducting tests for PEDv and laboratory tests were negative to TGE. The original cases of identified clinical cases occurred in Colorado and Indiana at almost the same time with no connection between those populations. Retrospectively, we know that 1-2 months prior, the virus was present but not confirmed. Subsequently PEDv spread through our industry in the fall and winter of 2014-2015. The sudden emergence of this virus generated lots of progression in our industry and has redefined our learning, preparedness, clinical management, and introduction risks. These are lessons learned: 1) Agents that may affect tread are classified as FAD (Foreign Animal Disease) or transboundary (PEDv).

collection areas for pigs including market hog lairages and cull sow stations. 8) Contaminated transport trailers continue to be a convenient method of transmission in any fecal/oral agent. 9) Aerosol transmission occurs short distances even with primary fecal/oral route. 10) Veterinarians can adjust management interventions to minimize the losses and eliminate the virus from individual populations. The most important outcome was to change the way we approach the global understanding of risks. We formed SHIC (Swine Health and Information Center). The mission of SHIC is to protect and enhance the health of the United States swine herd through coordinated global disease monitoring, targeted research investments that minimize the impact of future disease threats, and analysis of swine health data. This center is funded through our Pork Checkoff and has evolved quickly to include these facets: 1) Swine health monitoring project, 2) Emerging disease monitoring data, 3) PADRAP – Production Animal Disease Risk Assessment Program, 4) Rapid response team,

2) Transboundary classification may be good but also clouds who is in charge of some key decision processes and the speed of the decisions.

5) Secure pork supply,

3) Diagnostic laboratories need to be prepared and routinely conducting analysis on agents of concern.

7) Agent fact sheets.

4) The industry needs to allow routine surveillance for agents of concern. 5) We need to look at other methods of introduction, i.e., ingredient contamination. 6) Once an agent enters a population with the daily movement of pigs, it is challenging if not impossible to prevent widespread movement through geographies. 7) Historically low value risks may be high risks, i.e.,

6) Trade support, and

The board and committees meet regularly to assess information that might suggest any emerging pathogen both domestically and globally. Importantly, the board commissioned practical research to evaluate the agent survival ability of agents from high risk areas to US and from this is driving research on mitigation interventions. How does this tie us together? The highest economical pathogens are Foreign Animal Disease (FMD and Vesicular Viruses) that affect multiple species. Dr. Wade, PAC, and we are linked in supporting protein sustainability.

Chuckles From Down Under Collected By: Jane Sullivan, Bell Veterinary Services

Paddy had shingles. Those of us who spend much time in a doctor’s office should appreciate this! Doesn’t it seem more and more that physicians are running their practices like an assembly line? Here’s what happened to Paddy. He walked into the doctor’s office and the receptionist asked him what he had. Paddy said, “Shingles.” So she wrote down his name, address, and medical insurance number and told him to have a seat. Fifteen minutes later a nurse’s aide came out and asked Paddy what he had. Paddy said, “Shingles.” So she wrote down his height, weight, and a complete medical history and told Paddy to wait in the examining room. A half an hour later a nurse came in and asked Paddy what he had. Paddy said, “Shingles.” So the nurse gave Paddy a blood test, a blood pressure test, and an electrocardiogram and told Paddy to take off all his clothes and wait for the doctor. An hour later the doctor came in and found Paddy sitting patiently in the nude and asked Paddy what he had. Paddy said, “Shingles.” The doctor asked, “Where?” Paddy said, “Outside on my truck. Where do you want me to unload ‘em?”


Clinical Case Review

Anaplasmosis By: Dr. Matt Fruge Production Animal Consultation

Anaplasmosis is the term used to describe the disease of cattle caused by infection with the protozoan parasite genus Anaplasma with the most commonly encountered species being marginale. Often referred to as “Anaplaz,” the disease is common in the southern United States. Anaplasma organisms live within the red blood cells of infected cattle. Anaplasma is an economically important disease as it causes loss of production, decreased reproductive efficiency, and death loss. 23

Transmission Transmission of Anaplasma parasites occurs through vectors (i.e., ticks) which vary based on geographical region and climate. Commonly, the Anaplasma parasite is spread by several species of tick. Once the tick bites an infected animal, the tick not only consumes the blood of the animal but also the Anaplasma parasite. Once inside the tick, the Anaplasma species multiply. When the tick consumes a blood meal on another animal, the organism is then spread to that animal. In some regions, transmission occurs mechanically through the biting of Tabanid flies (deer flies, horse flies). Another important mechanism of transmission is through production practices which exchange blood between animals, such as using the same needle between animals, dehorning, castrating, palpating, etc. Pathogenesis Once infection occurs, the organism colonizes red blood cells within the infected animal. Usually, the infected animal can keep the organism to a manageable level without evidence of clinical disease. The infected red blood cells are generally recognized by the immune system and then are destroyed. By this mechanism the parasite is kept at low enough levels to prevent clinical disease. Some animals become immunosuppressed which may lead to clinical signs due to concurrent disease. Generally, as animals age they lose their ability to resist clinical disease. Although calves are very susceptible to becoming infected with the parasite, infection is usually subclinical in cattle younger than one year old. Yearlings up to two years of age may suffer moderate illness from infection, and cattle older than two years become severely ill if their immune system can not keep the parasite at bay. Clinical Disease Severity of clinical disease is dependent on age of the animal affected. Calves under 12 months of age are very resistant to clinical disease and rarely show symptoms following natural infection. Cattle between 12 and 24 months of age are more likely to show clinical symptoms of disease, but rarely die from it. Animals over 2 years of age are much more likely to suffer severe disease and many of them die if they do not receive timely treatment. Older animals are also more likely to become chronically infected with the disease and are more likely to exhibit long term loss of production and become a source of infection for herd mates. Clinical illness associated with acute anaplasmosis is often colloquially referred to as “jaundice,” due to the animal’s apparent yellow color. This is the result of red blood cell destruction by the immune system. Contents of red blood cells color the animal’s mucous membranes yellow. Other

findings may include rapid loss of condition, inappetence, depression, abrupt reduction in milk production, brown urine, and high fever. Animals may be found wading in mud holes in an attempt to cool off due to elevated temperature. Pregnant animals often abort. Advanced disease causes very anemic animals resulting in cattle which are exercise intolerant. Occasionally, severely affected animals show an aggressive nature, so care should be taken to not allow anyone to be hurt by a belligerent animal. Diagnosis Generally, in endemic areas, diagnosis is made on an individual animal basis by clinical signs. For diagnosis of disease on a herd level in non-endemic areas, blood samples may be taken and serologic testing can be done to look for antibodies to the organism. Blood smears may also be taken to look for the presence of the parasite within the blood cells. Necropsy of animals which died of acute disease will show a gross yellowing of tissues within the animal including mucous membranes, fat, and sclera of the eyes. Also, the spleen may be enlarged as it is the sight of red blood cell destruction. Treatment and Control Treatment is often accomplished through the use of tetracycline antibiotics, which are capable of crossing the cell membrane of red blood cells to reach the organism. An animal which is acutely ill may be treated parenterally with a long-acting oxytetracycline drug, of which many exist. In the event of an outbreak or for preventative measures, a herd may be treated orally with chlortetracycline (CTC). Currently, it is legal to feed CTC free choice for the treatment or control of anaplasmosis, but a VFD is required. There is also a vaccine for anaplasmosis which is licensed in several states, including conditional licensing in several states.

Great Bend Feeders

Easy on cattle and your bottom line. 1

Titanium® vaccines have no impact on feed intake and result in little to no post-treatment side effects, so you can keep your cattle on track with health management solutions that don’t interrupt your day-to-day operations or affect your bottom line.1,2 It’s BRD protection that doesn’t impact performance, so you can be confident in every dose.


A DOSE OF CONFIDENCE The label contains complete use information, including cautions and warnings. Always read, understand and follow the label and use directions. As measured by body temperature, feed intake, injection-site reaction or white blood cell count. 2Terhaar, B. 2001. Evaluating the effects of vaccine-induced stress on productivity. Study No. TR-13. Published by Agri Laboratories Ltd. Do not vaccinate within 21 days of slaughter. Elanco, Titanium® and the diagonal bar are trademarks owned or licensed by Eli Lilly and Company, its subsidiaries or affiliates. © 2015 Elanco Animal Health FYDH 35192 USBBUTIT00069


Facility Design

Handling PRinciples Vs. Handling Facilities By: Dr. Kip Lukasiewicz Production Animal Consultation

One of the primary principles of cattle handling is cattle like to see what is pressuring them. Let’s consider this principle further and how we can design our facilities to accommodate this natural behavior. 27

The point of balance on an animal is the eye. For years, we have been taught that the point of balance is the shoulder. I continually remind people and show them that the shoulder, rib, and flank or hip of the animal are nothing more than pressure points. Using these pressure points, we can position ourselves and take different angles to steer the animal where we would prefer them to go. Hence, these points are the steering wheel of the animal. Cattle will naturally give you their ear and then their eye, which becomes the point of balance. They like to see what is pressuring them, and once you have their attention, they will commonly look for your guidance. The question that then follows is, how does this apply to facilities? When I go to operations where they are asking for input on how to improve a facility, I commonly walk through the facility as if I were the animal. In the process, I will video what I am seeing as I go through and then review the footage. This helps me see better what the cattle may be seeing. With solid sides, you can quickly identify dead ends and areas of closure that would impede the natural flow of cattle. We can open these sides up and improve the line of sight of an animal, which then improves flow as cattle can now better see the handler and interpret what they are asking. It allows the handler to work at a distance on fractious cattle and be closer for those needing more pressure. Opening the

Feedlot Shade Sytems that deliver: • Cost-effective shade solutions • Design flexibility • Spans to keep pens clear of posts • Uniquely designed canopy material

sides also places the handler in a better position for cattle to interpret the posture and pressure the handler is providing. If you are questioning whether to enclose or open up a facility, always remember that cattle like to see what is pressuring them. This will help you better understand how to answer that very question.

Set up your Consultation Today!

Midwest NetPro Gary Kreikemeier Phone: 402-563-4712 Fax: 402-527-5594 Email: • Even distribution of rainfall • 10-year pro-rata UV warranty Website: • Easy maintenance

Newest PAC Members

Luca Bain

Parents: Jackson and Brandi Bain

Landrey Jay (left) Oakley Claire (right)

Parents: Seth and Courtney Terrell

Cowen Cahoy (left)

Parents: Rob and Danielle Cahoy

Etta Koinzan (right)

Parents: Greg and Courtney Koinzan

Landry Evelyn Lundgren

Parents: Jorgen and Kirsten Lundgren 29

Facility Design

A New Bird on the Block By: Jacob Mayer, P.E. Settje Agri-Services & Engineering, Inc. For the past year, Settje Agri-Services has been working as a subcontractor for QC Supply to help them build one of the largest greenfield projects in Nebraska history - and as you may have guessed from my title, it involves a species not as common to the area as cattle and hogs. In 2016, Costco (the members-only wholesale retailer) collaborated with poultry experts to create Lincoln Premium Poultry, a Nebraska company, with the goal to supply a portion of their North American stores with the birds for their readyto-eat rotisserie chickens and other chicken products. We have been helping with the construction of the barns for the grower network that will make it possible. Facts & Figures The 400,000 square foot processing facility, hatchery, and the feed mill are being built on a 400+ acre site in Fremont, Nebraska, at the cost of nearly $400 million. When completed (late summer 2019), the complex will employ around 1,000 people. The feed mill will utilize over 350,000 bushels of corn every week and over 3,000 pounds of soybean meal. At full production, the processing facility will process around 2 million birds per week. The processing facility will be supported by over 100 contracted growers within an approximate 60-mile radius from Fremont. Each farmer will build at least four chicken houses to be a part of the project. There will be a total of 432 broiler houses, 16 hen houses, and 24 pullet houses for this project. Each broiler house will become home to approximately 43,000 day-old chicks and after 42 to 44 days, Lincoln Premium Poultry will gather the 6-lb. birds

to be processed. Each four-house site represents about a $2 million investment by the grower, but after expenses are paid, growers are expected to earn approximately $95,000 per year, not including the value of the poultry litter, which represents around $30,000-$40,000 in fertilizer value. Our Role Under the direction of QC Supply, Settje Agri-Services is responsible for the civil site development for each chicken farm. This work involves three steps: 1. Design 2. Cost Estimation 3. Construction The design phase requires a ground survey using Trimble GPS mapping, LiDar (a method of aerial surveying using laser light), or both. We use the topographic information from each site to create an excavation model and plan. This plan provides a visualization of the dirt movement required to create the building pads for the chicken houses. We are also doing some basic soil testing to ensure we provide a quality product during the construction. Once we have quantified the materials needed to create the site (cubic yards (CY) of soil to move, diameter and length of stormwater culverts, and tons of limestone aggregate to build the access roads), QC Supply can convert our quantities into dollar values for their construction contracts with the growers. As the characteristics of each site can be quite different, this is the most variable cost in their bud-

gets. We have worked on sites that required as little as 7,500 CY of excavation to some in excess of 100,000 CY. Once the contract is signed and the financing is secured, sites are plugged into a construction schedule. Our team of site superintendents coordinate the dirt work, underground plumbing related to stormwater routing, and construction of access and interior roads. When we finish and turn the site over to QC Supply, it is time to pour footings and bring in the framers. Things to Think About A project of this magnitude requires superior communication. Essentially, we are working on 100 small projects and as of today, they range in completion from just beginning inquiring conversations with QC Supply and no particular site identified to construction has been completed. Managing our internal communication along with constant updates and changes with our client – QC Supply, the individual growers, and the various contractors – has been and will continue to be challenging, but we have put together an excellent team and we will continue to move forward. This project represents approximately 1% of Nebraska’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Let that sink in for a minute. People can say what they want about Costco, or chickens, or even agriculture, but at a time where main street in rural America doesn’t always look as vibrant as it once did, who else is making that kind of investment? Lincoln Premium Poultry chose the area because of four important factors: availability of feed, availability of water, availability of workforce, but most importantly, interested farmers who were willing to consider raising chickens. For several of the farmers I have had the chance to work with, this project has provided them or their spouse with an opportunity to farm full-time and quit a job in town or to bring a son or daughter back to the family farm. Most of them are strictly grain farmers and this project offered a chance to diversify their operation and positively impact their cash-flow. Nothing is more gratifying for me than to help a small agricultural business find a solution that enables them to grow in a manner that is environmentally conscious and economically viable. What started as a big dream by a big company has turned into a dream come true for farmers in Nebraska and Iowa. Until next time, God Bless.

Poultry facility grading

Poultry facility driveway

Poultry facility rock panoramoic

Gen Xers and Baby boomers Have weakesses Too By: Dr. Nels Lindberg Production Animal Consultation

“Today, most feedyard owners, managers, and crew leaders are Gen Xers and boomers. As part of these generations, we must recognize our weaknesses and focus on what we can do to reduce conflict and improve our interactions with millennials.”

Leadership 33

In today’s world and especially in agriculture, there is routine talk about the millennial generation for several reasons. First, it is easy for us Gen Xers and baby boomers to point out the negative aspects and insufficiencies of the millennial generation. Stereotypically, they are lazy, they don’t know how to work, and they want it all now. Second, many employers have challenges with the millennial generation, many of which are amplified by the weaknesses of Gen Xers and baby boomers. Millennials currently account for more than 50% of our workforce, and by 2025 that share will be more than 75%. We must learn how to find and hire the rockstar millennials, retain them, and capitalize on them in our operations. The great news about millennials is the rockstars are better than us in many ways. Since birds of a feather flock together, if you have rockstar millennials on your team, they will attract other rockstar millennials. Unfortunately, the opposite is also true – if you have dud millennials on your team, you will attract other dud millennials. Often, the rockstars hate being labeled a millennial and do not want to be associated with the duds. Someone once told me “hate” is a strong word, and it is, but I have seen the reaction of the rockstar millennials I work with when I bring up the word millennial and it is clear they despise the word and the association! Today, most feedyard owners, managers, and crew leaders are Gen Xers and boomers. As part of these generations, we must recognize our weaknesses and focus on what we can do to reduce conflict and improve our interactions with millennials. This will help us enjoy greater success in our feedyards and ranches, agriculture as a whole, entrepreneurial endeavors, and volunteer organizations. Gen Xer and Baby Boomer Weaknesses Communication – This is our downfall, and we have to get better. Millennials want to talk; just accept that. Building Trust – We often break trust in little ways, and millennials trust very little to begin with. Building Culture and Purposeful Leadership – Millennials want to be a part of something bigger; they are looking for a greater purpose than just making money. Change and Killing Sacred Cows – We must be willing to challenge how we have done things in the past and to look for opportunities to do things better, more efficiently, or more cost effectively. Gen Xer and Baby Boomer Must-Dos We must always explain “why”. If we can’t explain why we do something when asked, then we should look at new solutions or opportunities. Give routine feedback, both positive and negative. Don’t wait; do it now. Do not waste millennials’ time. They are very protective of their time and move on quickly if they show any sign of boredom.

We must teach, show, and help millennials experience failure. Let them skin their knees, but be there to pick them up. The “everyone gets a trophy” mentality has created a fear of failure in millennials. Be crystal clear with every single expectation, job description, and contract. Provide clarity on duties and expectations, otherwise you will not be happy with millennials’ output. Often millennials only do what we say, so outline every single duty very clearly. As Gen Xers and boomers, we were just told to work and that is what we did. But that isn’t a successful strategy with millennials. Foster respect, not animosity, between all generations. These points can be a mountainous challenge for us to understand, wrestle with, and execute. I have been “climbing that mountain” and tormenting my brain for years. But, if you focus on these opportunities, you will enjoy greater success with the millennials in your operation. We must accept that all generations have strengths and weaknesses. And we must all look in the mirror, recognize the challenges, and work at moving forward with solutions rather than focusing on the differences between generations. I love the rockstar millennials, and I have worked to be surrounded by them!


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All trademarks are the property of Zoetis Services LLC or a related company or a licensor unless otherwise noted. © 2016 Zoetis Services LLC. All rights reserved. DRX-00120

Bilingual Training

The following articles have been translated into Spanish:

Estrategias Diagnosticas y Emergentes de Patógenos Anaplasmosis La Generación-X y los Baby-Boomers También Tienen Debilidades Translation provided by Jose Valles Production Animal Consultation 37

Estrategias Diagnosticas y Emergentes de Patógenos By: Joseph F. Connor, DVM, MS Carthage Veterinary Services ¿Que tienen en común los veterinarios de bovinos y los veterinarios de porcinos? Cuando usted compara al Dr. Wade Taylor y yo, buscara profundamente para encontrar nada. ¡Cualquier persona que quiere caerse lazando a caballo a una edad madura es sospechoso a todo tipo de preguntas! Los veterinarios de porcinos no tienen mucho riesgo de caerse de una cerda, pero tenemos que recordar de agacharnos mucho. Tenemos un impulso común para entender los patógenos, como afectan a nuestras especies, como emergen de agentes comunes a patógenos, tasas de transmisión, procedimientos de transmisión, resultado de tratamiento y prevención. Con la globalización comercial y el cambio ambiental, nos preocupan nuevos agentes emergentes o la introducción de virus y bacterias que actualmente no están presentes en nuestros sistemas de producción. Los modelos de host pathogen son esenciales para diseñar estrategias para el manejo de amenazas de enfermedades para humanos y animales domésticos. En el 2013, el virus de la diarrea endémica porcina (vDEP) entro a nuestras poblaciones de cerdos. Este virus altero diabólicamente a nuestra industria. Fui muy afortunado de ser consultado en estos primeros casos. Los signos clínicos fueron similar a un virus bien conocido pero infrecuente en la producción moderna (gastroenteritis transmisible, GET). El virus causa diarrea en cerdos de todas las edades y mortalidad cercana al 100% en lechones de menos de 16 días de edad en una piara ingenua. Los laboratorios de diagnostico no realizaban rutinariamente pruebas de vDEP y las pruebas de laboratorio eran negativas a la GET. Los casos originales de casos clínicos identificados ocurrieron en los estados de Colorado e Indiana casi al mismo tiempo, sin ninguna conexión entre esas poblaciones. Retrospectivamente, sabemos que de 1 a 2 meses antes, el virus estaba presente pero no confirmado. Posteriormente, el vDEP se propago a través de nuestra industria en el otoño e invierno del año 2014 al 2015. La aparición repentina de este virus genero una gran progresión en nuestra industria y ha redefinido nuestro aprendizaje, preparación, manejo clínico y riesgos de introducción. Estas son las lecciones aprendidas: 1) Los agentes que pueden afectar tread son clasifica dos como EEA (Enfermedades Exóticas de los Ani

males) o transfronterizos (vDEP). 2) La clasificación transfronteriza puede ser buena, pero también clouds a quienes están a cargo de algunos pro cesos clave de decisiones y la velocidad de las decisiones. 3) Los laboratorios de diagnostico deben estar prepa rados y rutinariamente realizando análisis de agentes en cuestión. 4) La industria necesita permitir la vigilancia rutinaria de los agentes en cuestión. 5) Necesitamos considerar otros métodos de introduc ción, es decir, contaminación de ingredientes. 6) Una vez que un agente ingresa a una población con el movimiento diario de cerdos, es difícil, si no imposible prevenir el movimiento extendido a través de las zonas geográficas. 7) Históricamente, los riesgos de los riesgos de bajo val or pueden ser altos riesgos, es decir, áreas de recolección de cerdos incluyendo establos de cerdos de mercado y estaciones de cerdas de eliminación selectiva. 8) Los remolques de transporte contaminados continúan siendo un método conveniente de transmisión en cual quier agente fecal/oral. 9) La transmisión vía aerosol ocurre a distancias cortas incluso con ruta primaria fecal /oral. 10) Los veterinarios pueden ajustar las intervenciones de manejo para minimizar las perdidas y eliminar el virus de poblaciones individuales. El resultado mas importante fue cambiar la forma en que abordamos la comprensión global de riesgos. Formamos el Centro de Salud e Información Porcina (SHIC, por sus siglas en Ingles). La misión del SHIC es proteger y mejorar la salud de la piara porcina de los Estados Unidos a través del monitoreo coordinado de enfermedades a nivel mundial, inversiones en investigación focalizada que minimiza el impacto de futuras amenazas de enfermedad, y el análisis de datos de salud porcina. Este centro es financiado a través de nuestro Pork Checkoff y ha evolucionado rápidamente para incluir estas facetas: 1) Proyecto de monitoreo de salud porcina, 2) Datos de monitoreo de enfermedades emergentes, 3) Programa de Evaluación de Riesgo de Enfermedad de Animales de Producción (PADRAP, por sus siglas en in gles), 4) Equipo de respuesta rápida,

5) Suministro seguro carne de cerdo, 6) Apoyo comercial, y 7) Hojas informativas de agentes. La mesa directiva y los comités se reúnen periódicamente para evaluar la información que podría sugerir cualquier patógeno emergente tanto a nivel nacional como mundial. Aun mas importante, la mesa directiva encargo investigación practica para evaluar la capacidad de supervivencia de agentes de áreas de alto riesgo para los EE. UU. y de esto esta impulsando investigación sobre intervenciones de mitigación. ¿Como nos une esto? Los patógenos económicamente mas altos son las Enfermedades Exoticas de los Animales (FMD (por sus siglas en Ingles) y Virus Vesiculares) que afectan a varias especies. El. Dr. Wade, PAC, y nosotros estamos linked para apoyar la sostenibilidad de proteína.

Anaplasmosis By: Dr. Matt Fruge Production Animal Consultation Resumen Anaplasmosis es el término utilizado para describir la enfermedad en el ganado causada por la infección con el parasito protozoario del genero Anaplasma con la especie mas comúnmente encontrada llamada marginale. A menudo referida como “Anaplaz,” la enfermedad es común en el sur de los Estados Unidos. Los organismos Anaplasma viven dentro de los glóbulos rojos del ganado infectado. La Anaplasma es una enfermedad económicamente importante ya que causa perdida de producción, disminución de la eficiencia reproductiva, y perdida por muerte. Transmisión La transmisión de los parásitos Anaplasma ocurre a través de vectores que varían según la región geográfica y clima. Comúnmente, el parasito Anaplasma se propaga por varias especies de garrapatas. Una vez que la garrapata pica a un animal infectado, la garrapata no solo consume la sangre del animal sino también el parasito Anaplasma. Una vez dentro de la garrapata, la especie de Anaplasma se multiplica. Cuando la garrapata consume una comida de sangre en otro animal, el organismo se propaga a ese animal. En algunas regiones, la transmisión ocurre de forma mecánica a través de la picadura de tabanos (moscas de venado, moscas de caballo). Otro mecanismo importante de transmisión es a través de practicas de producción que intercambian sangre entre animales, tales como usar la misma aguja entre animales, el descorné, la castración, la palpación, etc. Patogénesis Una vez que la infección ocurre, el organismo coloni-

za los glóbulos rojos dentro del animal infectado. Generalmente, el animal infectado puede mantener el organismo a un nivel manejable sin evidencia de enfermedad clínica. Los glóbulos rojos infectados son generalmente reconocidos por el sistema inmune y luego son destruidos. Por este mecanismo, el parasito se mantiene a niveles suficientemente bajos para prevenir la enfermedad clínica. Algunos animales se vuelven inmunosuprimidos lo que los puede llevar a mostrar signos clínicos debido a enfermedades concurrentes. En general, a medida que los animales envejecen pierden su capacidad de resistir la enfermedad clínica. Aunque los becerros son muy susceptibles a ser infectados con el parasito, la infección es generalmente subclínica en el ganado menor de un año. Los añojos hasta dos años de edad pueden sufrir una enfermedad moderada debido a la infección, y el ganado mayor de dos años de edad se enferma gravemente si su sistema inmune no puede mantener el parasito bajo control. Enfermedad Clínica La gravedad de la enfermedad clínica depende de la edad del animal afectado. Los becerros menores de 12 meses de edad son muy resistentes a la enfermedad clínica y rara vez muestran síntomas después de una infección natural. El ganado entre los 12 y 24 meses de edad es mas propenso a mostrar síntomas clínicos de la enfermedad, pero rara vez mueren por ello. Los animales mayores de 2 años son mas propensos a sufrir una enfermedad grave y muchos de ellos mueren si no reciben tratamiento oportuno. Los animales mas viejos también son mas propensos a ser infectados crónicamente con la enfermedad y son mas probables a exhibir perdida de producción a largo plazo y se convierten en una fuente de infección para sus compañeros de hato. La enfermedad clínica asociada con la anaplasmosis aguda a menudo se le conoce coloquialmente como “ictericia” debido al aparente color amarillo del animal. Este es el resultado de la destrucción de glóbulos rojos por el sistema inmune. El contenido de los glóbulos rojos le da el color amarillo a las membranas mucosas del animal. Otros hallazgos pueden incluir perdida rápida de condición, inapetencia, depresión, reducción abrupta en la producción de leche, orina color marrón y fiebre alta. Animales pueden ser encontrados vadeando en charcos de agua o lodo con intento de refrescarse debido a la temperatura elevada. Los animales preñados usualmente abortan. La enfermedad avanzada causa animales muy anémicos que resultan en ganado que es intolerante al ejercicio. Ocasionalmente, los animales severamente afectados muestran una naturaleza agresiva, por lo que se debe tener cuidado de no permitir que nadie sea lastimado por un animal beligerante. Diagnostico En general, en áreas endémicas, el diagnostico se realiza de manera individual por medio de signos clínicos. Para el diagnostico de la enfermedad a nivel de hato en áreas no 39

endémicas, se pueden tomar muestras de sangre y se pueden realizar pruebas serológicas para buscar anticuerpos contra el organismo. También se pueden tomar frotis de sangre para buscar la presencia del parasito dentro de las células sanguíneas. La necropsia de los animales que murieron de una enfermedad aguda mostrara una coloración amarillenta macroscópica de los tejidos dentro del animal incluyendo las membranas mucosas, la grasa, y la esclerótica de los ojos. Además, el bazo se puede agrandar ya que es el sitio de destrucción de los glóbulos rojos. Control y Tratamiento A menudo, el tratamiento se logra mediante el uso de antibióticos de tetraciclina, estos son capaces de cruzar la membrana celular de los glóbulos rojos para llegar al organismo. Un animal que se encuentra gravemente enfermo puede ser tratado por vía parenteral con un medicamento de oxitetraciclina de acción prolongada, de los cuales existen muchos. En caso de un brote o para medidas preventivas, el hato puede ser tratado por vía oral con clortetraciclina (CTC). Actualmente, es legal alimentar CTC a libre elección para el tratamiento y control de anaplasmosis, pero se requiere de una declaración escrita de VFD (Directiva de Alimentos Veterinarios). También hay una vacuna para la anaplasmosis que esta autorizada en varios estados, incluyendo su autorización condicional en varios estados.

La Generación-X y los Baby-Boomers También Tienen Debilidades By: Dr. Nels Lindberg Production Animal Consultation En el mundo de hoy y especialmente en la agricultura, hay conversación rutinaria sobre la generación del milenio por varias razones. En primer lugar, es fácil para nosotros los de la generación-X y baby-boomers señalar los aspectos negativos y las insuficiencias de la generación del milenio. Estereotípicamente, son flojos, no saben como trabajar, y lo quieren todo rápido. En segundo lugar, muchos empleadores tienen desafíos con la generación del milenio, muchos de los cuales son amplificados por las debilidades de la generación-X y la generación de baby-boomers. Los millennials actualmente representan mas del 50% de nuestra fuerza laboral, y para el 2025 esa porción será mas del 75%. Debemos aprender como encontrar y contratar a los millennials estrella, como retenerlos, y capitalizarlos en nuestras operaciones.

La gran noticia sobre esta generación es que los millennials estrella son mejores que nosotros en muchos aspectos. Dios los cría y ellos se juntan, si usted tiene millennials estrella en su equipo, ellos atraerán a otros millennials estrella. Desafortunadamente, lo contrario también es cierto – si tiene millennials inservibles en su equipo, entonces atraerá a otros millennials inservibles. A menudo, las estrellas odian que se les etiquete como un millennial y no quieren asociarse con los inservibles. Alguien me dijo una vez que la palabra “odio” es una palabra fuerte, y lo es, ¡pero he visto la reacción de los millennials estrella con los que trabajo cuando menciono la palabra millennial y esta claro que desprecian la palabra y la asociación de tal! Hoy en día, la mayoría de los dueños de los corrales de engorda, gerentes, y lideres de equipo son generación-X y baby-boomers. Como parte de estas generaciones, debemos reconocer nuestras debilidades y enfocarnos en lo que podemos hacer para reducir los conflictos y mejorar nuestras interacciones con los millennials. Esto nos ayudara a disfrutar de un mayor éxito en nuestros corrales de engorda y ranchos, la agricultura en general, iniciativas empresariales, y organizaciones de voluntarios. Debilidades de la Generación-X y Baby-Boomers Comunicación – Esta es nuestra perdición, y tenemos que mejorar. Los millennials quieren hablar; simplemente hay que aceptarlo. Crear Confianza – A menudo rompemos la confianza de maneras sencillas, y para empezar los millennials confían muy poco. Crear Cultura y Liderazgo con Propósito – Los millennials quieren ser parte de algo mas grande; buscan un mayor objetivo y no simplemente ganar dinero. Cambiar y Matar Vacas Sagradas – debemos estar dispuestos a desafiar la forma en que hemos hecho las cosas en el pasado y buscar oportunidades para hacer las cosas mejor, de manera mas eficiente, o mas rentable. Deberes de la Generación-X y Baby-Boomers Siempre debemos explicar el “por que”. Si no podemos explicar por que hacemos algo cuando nos lo piden, entonces debemos buscar nuevas soluciones u oportunidades. Dar retroalimentación rutinaria, tanto positiva como negativa. No espere; hágalo ahora. No desperdicie el tiempo de los millennials. Son muy protectores de su tiempo y siguen adelante rápidamente si muestran alguna señal de aburrimiento. Debemos enseñar, mostrar, y ayudar a los millennials a experimentar el fracaso. Dejarlos que se raspen las rodillas, pero estar ahí para ayudarlos a levantarse. La mentalidad de que “todos recibimos un trofeo” ha creado miedo al fracaso en los millennials.

Sea claro con cada expectativa, descripción de trabajo, y contrato. Proporcione claridad sobre las obligaciones y las expectativas, de lo contrario no estará contento con la producción de los millennials. A menudo, los millennials solo hacen lo que decimos, así que describa cada obligación muy claramente. Como Generacion-X y Baby-Boomers, a nosotros solo no dijeron que trabajáramos y eso es fue lo que hicimos. Pero esa no es una estrategia exitosa para los millennials. Fomente el respeto, no la animosidad, entre todas las generaciones. Estos puntos pueden ser un desafío montañoso para nosotros poder entender, debatir, y ejecutar. He estado “escalando la montaña” y atormentando mi cerebro durante años. Pero si usted se enfoca en estas oportunidades, usted disfrutara de mayor éxito con los millennials en su operación. Debemos aceptar que todas las generaciones tienen fortalezas y debilidades. Y todos debemos mirarnos al espejo, reconocer los desafíos, y trabajar en el avance con las soluciones en lugar de enfocarnos en las diferencias entre generaciones. ¡Me encantan los millennials estrella, y he trabajado para estar rodeado de ellos!

Chuckles From Down Under Collected By: Jane Sullivan, Bell Veterinary Services

Royal Job Interview: Two blokes living in the Australian outback saw a couple of jobs advertised by the Queen of England. She was looking for footmen to walk beside her carriage. They applied and were very happy to be flown to London for an interview with Her Majesty. She said to them, “Because my footmen must wear long white stockings, I must see your ankles to be sure they are not swollen or misshapen.” After they show their ankles, the Queen said, “It is also important that you don’t have knobby knees so I need to see your knees also.” Once she had seen their knees she said, “Now everything appears to be in shape, so I just need to see your testimonials.” Nine years later, when the pair is finally released from prison, one of the blokes says to the other: “I reckon, if we just had a bit more education we would have got that job!”

Superior Placement Solutions offers professional employee recruitment services for operations involved in the beef, dairy and pork industries.

For more information, please contact Jose A. Valles, MS

1203 East 32nd Street Kearney, NE 68847 785-317-8055


Power Under Control Dr. Doug Ford, Production Animal Consultation & Dr. Greg Quakenbush, Geissler Corp.

Last week my good friend CB was checking the progress of his irrigation water as it migrated down the individual furrows. Out of nowhere, a man on a motorcycle suddenly appeared and blocked his view through the passenger window. The biker was yelling and screaming and animated beyond belief. CB rolled the window down and asked the man to calm down and explain to him what was the problem. This interaction only served to set the individual off once again. Unbelievable profanity reinforced his angry tirade. Again CB sought to understand the extreme anger and was told by the biker to “shut his mouth” as he was not going to allow him to speak. Every time he attempted to speak he was told in a threatening manner to be silent. In the midst of this unmitigated anger and ranting, CB began to surmise that he apparently had pulled his pickup out in front of the motorcyclist. CB did not deny the possibility that this might have occurred but could not get the individual to allow him to talk, let alone get him to listen. Any attempt to discuss, question, explain, or apologize was shut down by the cyclist. There was even a threat in all of this when the biker told CB, “I know where you live.” (Maybe that’s the trouble with rural America… people know where you live.) Within 24 hours of my discussion with CB regarding his rage incident, I’m on the phone with Dr. Doug (“Dale”) Ford. Dr. Doug is filling me in on a huge tragedy that just struck his home and ranch in the form of a raging tornado. An EF2 tornado with winds upwards of 145 mph hit the small town of Snyder, Colorado, along with neighboring Brush, Colorado. Severe damaging hail, ranging in size from golf ball to baseball size, accompanied this tornado. Imagine the damage when large hail gets the added thrust of 145 mph winds. The damage to Dr. Doug’s place was more than considerable – buildings and their contents severely damaged or destroyed, crops mowed down and pounded into mud, 100 year old trees uprooted, cattle injured, extreme loss of wildlife, etc. It was nothing short of a complete disaster for Dr. Doug and his neighbors. In the aftermath of the devastation, Jan (Dr. Doug’s wife) received a note on Facebook telling her that she and her husband deserved all of the pain and misery that they received from the tornado and hailstorm. After all, their lifestyle contributed to “global warming” and if that wasn’t bad enough, they are Republicans. (I wonder if Dr. Doug knows where she lives.) Most of our readers are blessed and privileged to live in rural America where neighbors help neighbors unconditionally. Fortunately, few find themselves being screamed at during dinner out with the spouse, lectured and cursed by a Hollywood celebrity, or physically threatened for what they believe. However, given the seeming progression of our

cultural gangrene, the disease is spreading. The vitriol and anger is now beginning to spill over from urban to rural, just ask CB or Dr. Doug. In consideration of all that we see happening, how should we live and respond to others in a culture that has seemingly gone off the rails? The Bible is no stranger to evil and human conflict and has much to teach us in that respect. Romans 12:17-19, 21 offers some quick and concise guidance: 17Repay no one evil for evil, but give thought to do what is honorable in the sight of all. 18If possible, so far as it depends on you, live peaceably with all. 19Beloved, never avenge yourselves, but leave it to the wrath of God, for it is written, “Vengeance is mine, I will repay, says the Lord.” 21 Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good. Repaying evil with evil puts one on the wrong side of right. Each of the above two real life stories found Christians on the receiving end of hatred and anger. Imagine how the ending for each might have changed if they had decided to return the evil directed their way with more of the same or worse. One of my favorite verses is on the wall in my office, a gift from my daughter. It reads: “Be on your guard, stand firm in the faith, be men of courage, be strong.” (1 Corinthians 16:13). I cannot think of a better charge for all of us as we are tested and challenged in the days to come. Doing right, rejecting evil and showing restraint can be interpreted as weakness or meekness. In actuality, it is “power under control”. Stand Firm… Dr. Q & Dr. Doug 43

The Pot Roast

Cowboy’s Bolognese Sauce Ingredients

3. When the veggies just begin to stick to the

1 small onion

bottom of the pot, add ground beef and finely

1 carrot

break apart using a spatula. Salt the veggies

1 28 oz. jar pureed tomatoes 2 stalks celery 2 cloves garlic 1 lb. ground beef

and beef and continue cooking stirring occasionally until browned. 4. Add the tomato paste once the meat is browned. Cook the paste for a minute or two.

3 tbsp. tomato paste 3 tbsp. pesto

5. Add pureed tomatoes and pesto. Season

salt and pepper

with salt again if needed.

Instructions 1. Place the onion, carrot, celery and garlic in a food processor and puree. 2. Coat the bottom of a heavy stock pot with olive oil and sauté the pureed veggies.

6. Cover and simmer for at least 45 minutes. The longer you let it simmer, the more intense the flavors will be. We like to let it simmer for 2-3 hours if possible. If starts to dry out, you can add beef stock to loosen up the sauce again.

Thank you to Arturo and Wrenn Pacheco for sharing your recipe and pictures. Arturo and Wrenn are custom grazers located in the Flint Hills of Kansas. Their grazing operation consists of grazing double stock steers and custom heifer development for their clients. Arturo has his PhD in ruminant nutrition and owns and operates his own nutrition consulting business, Pacheco Cattle Services. Wrenn is a professional photographer and operates Wrenn Bird Photography. Together they have two little cowboys, Leo and Ross. You can find more of their recipes at

Chuckles From Down Under Collected By: Jane Sullivan, Bell Veterinary Services

As the train left the station, the conman sized up the old prospector sitting opposite. When they got to talking, the conman proposed they play a game to pass the time. “What kind of game?” “General knowledge quiz, you look like a man of the world,” said the conman. “We each ask the other a question and if one can’t answer he pays the other a dollar.” The old geezer thought this over for a minute. “Yeah, I like a quiz but I don’t like the even money bit.” “What do you mean?” “Well, I’ve spent most of my life in the bush. I’m just a simple man whereas you look like a city slicker to me. So I suggest that if you can’t answer my questions then it costs you a dollar, but if I can’t answer yours, then you should let me off with fifty cents.” The conman was sure he was on a winner. “Okay, you pay fifty cents to my dollar.” “Then here’s the first question,” said the old geezer. “What’s got five legs and flies backwards?” “Don’t know,” said the conman slapping down a dollar. “My question now and I’m interested to know exactly what does have five legs and flies backwards?” “Blowed if I know. Here’s your fifty cents,” said the old man.

Daniels Manufacturing Co. World’s Finest Livestock Equipment For Over Fifty Years •

Double Alleyway o Stationary & Portable o Fast, easy and safe way to process cattle All Hydraulic Squeeze Chute o Stationary & Portable o Quietest and most user friendly chute on the market, featuring our unique squeeze design and neck stretcher Complete Corral Units, Panels, Gate and Continuous Fence o Manufactured from the finest high tensile strength tubing Facility Drawings and Consultations o Low stress cattle handling that encourages voluntary cattle flow and animal well being

PO Box 67 87725 State Hwy 7 Ainsworth NE 69210

Office: 402-387-1891 Fax: 402-387-1961 Email:

Calendar September 13th-15th American Association of Bovine Practitioners Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, Dr. Dan attending 14th Boehringer Ingelheim Practitioner Meeting, Lincoln, NE, Dr. Nels presenting 19th Meat Animal Research Center, Clay Center, NE, Dr. Kip presenting 20th Nebraska Cattlemen Field Day, Curtis, NE, Dr. Tom presenting

October 11th Winter Livestock, Dodge City, KS, Dr. Tom presenting 12th South Dakota Women in Ag, Deadwood, SD, Dr. Kip presenting

20th NCTA Veterinary Technician Continuing Education Seminar, Curtis, NE, Dr. Tom presenting

November 4th American Angus University Meeting, Columbus, OH, Dr. Tom presenting 9th WTAMU Livestock Handling Day, Canyon, TX, Dr. Tom presenting 10th Kansas Cattlemens Association Convention, Newton, KS, Dr. Tom presenting 14th Golden Belt Bankers Association, Lyons, KS, Dr. Nels presenting

Production Animal Consultation PO Box 41 Oakley, KS 67748

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