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,isQH. Atjpfs; RahjPdkhdtHfshfTk;> Mf;fj;j;pwd; nfhz;ltHfshfTk; Mf;fj; jpwd; kw;Wk;; jd;dk;gpf;if nfhz;ltHfshfTk; nrayhw;w cjTk; epiyikfis cUthf;Fjy;. 3.

,isQHfSf;F tYT+l;Ljy;:

,isQHfs; gq;Nfw;W jkJ rhHgpYk;> r%fj;jpd; rhHgpYk; kdpj ,dj;jpd; rhHgpYk;> nghWg;Ngw;Wr; nraw;glf;$ba tifapy; mtHfSf;F tYT+l;Ljy;. gpd;tUk; Nfhl;ghLfs; kw;Wk; tpOkpaq;fspd; mbg;gilapy; ,j;J}z;fs; NkYk; tpghpf;fg;gLfpd;wd. I. midtiuAk; cs;slf;Fk;> ,yq;ifaH vd;Dk; milahsj;ij Kd;Ndw;Wjy; kw;Wk; gd;ikj;Jt tpOkpaq;fSf;F kjpg;gspj;jy; II. ,yq;ifia> nrOikg;gLj;jpa fyhrhu> gy;tifik Fwpj;j ePz;l ghuk;ghpaj;Jf;fhd kjpg;GzHT III. mgptpUj;jpia vz;zf;fUthf;fk; nra;ifapy; xg;GuT kw;Wk; r%f ePjpf;fhd kjpg;GzHT IV. ,isQHfspd; cly;> cs> Md;kpf> nghUshjhu kw;Wk; fyhrhu hPjpapyhd G+uz ey;tho;it Kd;Ndw;Wjy; V. ,yq;if murpayikg;gpYk;> ,yq;if ifnahg;gkpl;Ls;s rHtNjr rkthaq;fspYk; cs;slf;fg;gl;Ls;sthW [dehaff; Nfhl;ghLfSf;Fk;> kdpj chpikfSf;Fkhd mHg;gzTzHT VI. ,isQu; mgptpUj;jpapy; cs;thq;fg;gLk; epWtdq;fs; kw;Wk; mikg;Gf;fspDila tif$WjiyAk; kw;Wk; ntspg;gilj;jd;ikiaAk; cWjpnra;jy; VII. ,isQH gzpapy; <Lgl;Ls;s rfyhpdJk; njhopy;rhH jd;ik kw;Wk; NeHikj;jpwd; Fwpj;j caHthd juhjuq;fis Kd;Ndw;Wjy; VIII. ehl;bDs;Sk;> ntspapYk; epyTk; rpf;fyhd cyfk; Fwpj;J ,isQHfs; mwpe;Jnfhs;Sk; tifapy; ,isQH kj;jpapy; NkYk; gue;j XH cyf Nehf;if Kd;Ndw;Wjy; IX. jPu;khdnkLf;Fk; nrad;Kiwapd; rfy kl;lq;fspYk; ,isQuJ gq;Fgw;wiy cWjpgLj;jy; X. ,isQu; mgptpUj;jpf;fhd mbg;gilahf kdpj cupikfSf;F kjpg;gspj;jy;

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mj;jpahak; 3

njhiyNehf;F> ,yf;Ffs; kw;Wk; Fwpf;Nfhs;fs njhiyNehf;F ePjpahd> xg;Guthd r%fnkhd;iw Vw;gLj;Jk; tifapy;> Njrpa mgptpUj;jpapy; Jbg;ghfg; gq;Nfw;gjw;F ,isQu;> AtjpfSf;F Mw;wy; toq;fp> mtu;fspd; KOikahd rhj;jpa tsj;ij mgptpUj;jp nra;jy;. ,yf;FfSk;> Fwpf;Nfhs;fSk;

3.1 Njrpa mgptpUj;jpr; nray; Kiwapy; mu;j;jKs;s tifapy; <LgLtjw;fhd ,isQu;> Atjpfspd; Mw;wiyf; fl;bnaOg;Gjy; I. fy;tp kw;Wk; gapw;rpapD}lhf mtu;fspd; mwpT> jpwd;fs; kw;Wk; csg;ghq;Ffis mgptpUj;jp nra;jy; II. Njrpa mgptpUj;jpapYk; mzpjpul;Ljy;

Gdu;epu;khzj;jpYk; ey;ypzf;fj;jpYk;; <LgLk; tifapy; ,isQu;> Atjpfis

III. jpl;lkply;> jPu;khdk; Nkw;nfhs;Sjy; kw;Wk; mgptpUj;jp epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fis eilKiwg;gLj;Jjy; vd;gtw;wpy; ,isQu;> Atjpfs; gq;Nfw;gjw;fhd topKiwfisj; jhgpj;jy; IV. ,isQu;> Atjpfs; r%fj;jpy; nghWg;Gtha;e;j> RahjPdkhd mq;fj;jtu;fshf tUtjw;F cjtf;$ba ,iaGs;s jpwd;fisAk; mwpitAk; mgptpUj;jp nra;tjw;F mtu;fSf;F xg;Guthd tha;g;Gfis toq;Fjy; V. njhz;lu; czu;it mgptpUj;jpnra;J ,isQu;> Atjpfs; rKjha Nritapy; <LgLtjw;fhd topKiwfis Vw;gLj;Jjy; VI. kPsg;GJg;gpf;f Kbahj %ytsq;fis mjpfupj;j tifapy; gad;gLj;JtjhYk;> fhyepiy khw;wq;fshYk;> ,aw;if mdu;j;jq;fshYk; vOk; R+oy; rk;ge;jkhd rthy;fs; Fwpj;j mjpfupj;j tpopg;Gzu;it Vw;gLj;Jjy;

3.2 nghUshjhuj;jpy; ,isQu; gq;Nfw;ig mjpfupj;jy; I. ,isQu;fSk;> AtjpfSk; fy;tpapypUe;J Ntiyf;Fg; gaDWjpAs;s tifapy; ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gLtjw;fhd epiyikfis cUthf;Fjy; II. ,isQu; Ntiytha;g;G tiyaikg;GfisAk; tha;g;GfisAk; gpuhe;jpa kl;lj;jpYk; Njrpa kl;lj;jpYk; tYg;gLj;Jjy; III. ,isQu;> Atjpfspd; nghUshjhu Kd;Ndw;wj;Jf;fhd njhopy; Kaw;rpf; fyhrhuj;ijAk; MjuT %ytsq;fisAk; Cf;Ftpj;J Kd;Ndw;Wjy;

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IV. cau;fy;tp mgpyhirfis tha;g;Gfis mjpfupf;f Ntz;Lk; V. Ntiytha;g;G filgpbj;jy

toq;Ftjpy;

mile;Jnfhs;s

rkj;Jt

jd;ikiaf;

3.3 ,isQu;> Atjpfs; kj;jpapy; r%fg; nghWg;Gzu;T kw;Wk; r%f ,izT neUf;fTzu;T vd;gtw;iw Vw;gLj;Jk; mN jNtisapy;> ,dj;Jt> me;j];j;J> fyhrhu> kj> nkhop kw;Wk; ehl;bYs;s tho;f;ifg;ghzpfspd;; gy;tifikia mq;fPfupj;J> kjpg;gspj;jy; I. NtWghL kw;Wk; gy;NtW tptfhuq;fspy; ,stajpdu; kj;jpapy; Gupe;Jzu;it Cf;Ftpj;J Kd;Ndw;Wjy; II. ,yq;ifr; r%fj;jpd;; gd;Kf tuyhWfs; kw;Wk; ghuk;gupaq;fis Cf;Ftpj;J Kd;Ndw;Wjy; III. midtiuAk; cs;slf;Fjy; kw;Wk; rfpg;Gj;jd;ik rk;ge;jkhd midj;Jyf tpOkpaq;fs; Fwpj;j Gupe;Jzu;it mgptpUj;jp nra;jy; IV. Md;kpf kw;Wk; xOf;ftpay; kjpg;ig Cf;Ftpj;J Kd;Ndw;Wjy;

II. ,isQu;> Atjpfs; td;nray;> cjhrPdk;> Ruz;ly; kw;Wk; ghugl;rq;fspypUe;J ghJfhg;Gg;ngWk; FLk;g kw;Wk; r%fg; ghJfhg;G kw;Wk; MjuT #oy;fisg; ghJfhj;J Kd;Ndw;Wjy;

tpOkpaq;fSf;fhd

V. jdpegu;fSf;fpilapYk;> nghJkf;fSf;fpilapYkhd m`pk;ir kw;Wk; Kuz;ghLfSf;Fr; rkhjhdkhd topfspy; jPu;TfhZjy; Fwpj;j fyhrhuj;ij Cf;Ftpj;J Kd;Ndw;Wjy ; VI. kPsg; GJg;gpf;f Kbahj tsq;fs;> fhyepiy khw;wq;fs;> ,aw;if mdu;j;jq;fshy; vOk; #oy; njhlu;ghd rthy;fs; njhlu;ghd tpopg;Gzu;it Vw;gLj;jy;

III. ,isQu;> ghJfhf;Fk; r%f gyg;gLj;Jjy;

Atjpfisj; J\;gpuNahfq;fspypUe;J kl;lj;jpyhd topKiwaikg;Gfisg;

3.6 ,isQu;> Atjpfs; kj;jpapy; Rfhjhuj;ijAk;> Nrkeyj;ijAk; tYg;gLj;Jjy; I. Rfhjhuj;ijAk;> Nrkeyj;ijAk; Kd;Ndw;Wk; ,isQu;fSf;F Mjuthd Nritfis mtu;fs; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F topNaw;gLj;Jjy; II. Rfhjhuj;ijAk;> Nrkeyj;ijAk; fhuzpfs; Fwpj;j tpopg;Gzu;it mjpfupj;jy;

Kd;Ndw;Wk;

III. Gj;Jzu;r;rpg; nghOJNghf;Ffs;> Xa;T Neuk; kw;Wk; MNuhf;fpakhd tho;f;ifg; ghzpfSf;fhd tha;g;Gfis toq;Fjy; IV. ,dg;ngUf;f kw;Wk; ghypay; Rfhjhuk;> gjhu;j;jq;fs; J\;gpuNahfk;> cs eyk;/MNuhf;fpak; $l;LwT uPjpapy; guTk; kw;Wk; mt;thwpy;yhj Neha;fs; cs;spl;l tifapy; MNuhf;fpak; kw;Wk; Nrkeyd; rk;ge;jkhd jfty;fis ,isQu;fs; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F toprikj;jy; V. fiy kw;Wk; fyhrhu eltbf;iffspy; tpopg;Gzu;T kw;Wk; <Lghl;il mjpfupj;jy; VI. fy;tp epWtdq;fspy; njhopy;rhu; csts Mw;Wg;gLj;jy; Nritfis> fy;tp kw;Wk; Rfhjhu mikr;Rld; $l;lhf ,ize;J nghUj;jkhd Nritfis toq;Fjy;;

3.4 rfy tbtq;fspYkhd ghugl;rq;fisAk;> Ruz;ly;fisAk; vjpu;j;Jg; NghuhLtjw;fhd ,isQu;fspd; rhj;jpatsj;ij mgptpUj;jp nra;jy;

3.7 muR kw;Wk; muR my;yhj mikg;GfspilapYk;> FLk;gq;fs; kw;Wk; r%fq;fspilapYk; ,isQu; mgptpUj;jp kw;Wk; ,isQu; gzp rk;ge;jkhd $l;bizf;fg;gl;l nraw;ghLfSf;F toprikj;jy;

I. ,isQu;> Atjpfs; r%fj;jpy; jiyikj;Jtg; ghj;jpuq;fis Vw;Fk; epiyikfis cUthf;Fjy;

I. ,isQu; gzpfisg; gaDWjpAs;s topfspy; $l;bizg;Gr; nra;Ak; xU epWtdr; rl;lfj;ijj; jhgpj;jy;

II. ,isQu;fshy; cs;thq;fg;gl;l mePjpfs;> gy;tifg;gl;l Gwf;fzpg;Gf;fs; kw;Wk; Ruz;ly; Nghd;w gpur;rpidfisf; $l;lhfr; Nru;e;J vjpu;nfhs;tjw;Fk; gjpyspg;gjw;Fk; mtu;fSf;fhd tha;g;gpid cUthf;Fjy;

II. fy;tp> Rfhjhuk;> Ntiytha;g;Gg; Nghd;w ,isQu; mgptpUj;jpiag; ghjpf;Fk; tplag;gug;Gfs; rk;ge;jkhd JiwfspilNa mu;j;jg; nghjpTs;s nraw;ghLfis cWjpnra;Ak; tifapyhd xU rl;lfj;ijj; jhgpj;jy;

III. jfty;fisj; Njbg;ngw;W> tpku;rduPjpahfTk; RahjPdkhfTk; rpe;jpf;Fk; ,isQu;> Atjpfspd; Mw;wiy mgptpUj;jp nra;jy;

III. gy;NtW ,isQu; mgptpUj;jp Kd; Kaw;rpfspD} lhf> ,isQu;fSf;fhd gzptpisTfis epiykhw;wkpd;wpf; fz;fhzpg;G kw;Wk; kjpg;gPL nra;Ak; xU Kiwiaj; jhgpj;jy;

IV. r%f ePjpiag; ghJfhf;Fk; epWtdq;fs; kw;Wk; nghwpKiwfis tYg;gLj;Jjy

IV. ,isQu; gzpapYk;> ,isQu; mgptpUj;jpapYk; Muha;r;rp> fy;tp kw;Wk; gapw;rp vd;gtw;Wf;F Vw;ghLfisr;nra;tJk;> ,e;j tplag;gug;gpy; mwpit Kd;Ndw;Wtjw;fhd Xu; mikg;igj; jhgpg;gJk;

3.5 ,isQu;> Atjpfspd; ghJfhg;G> tsu;r;rp kw;Wk; mgptpUj;jpf;F Mjuthd FLk;gq;fs; kw;Wk; r%fq;fis mgptpUj;jp nra;jy; I. FLk;gq;fSf;Fk;> r%fq;fSf;Fkhd ghJfhg;G Vw;ghLfis tYg;gLj;Jjy;

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,yq;ifapd; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;if

V. ,isQu; vjpu; Nehf;Fk; gpur;rpidfs;> NkYk; ehL vjpu;nfhs;Sk;; gue;j gpur;rpidfs; rk;ge;jkhd ,isQu; fye;jhNyhridf;fhf xU nghwpKiw xd;wpid cUthf;Fjy;

r%fg;

,yq;ifapd; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;if |

9


mj;jpahak; 4

,isQu; Atjpfspd; R+o;epiy 4.1 tiutpyf;fzk;

,isQu;> Atjpfs; ,ilkhw;wj;jpD}lhfr; nry;Yk; xU FOntd;Dk; gue;j vz;zf;fUtpDs; r%fq;fspYk;> fyhrhuq;fspYk; ,isQu; Fwpj;j tiutpyf;fzk; ngupJk; khWgLfpd;wJ. ,jw;fhd fhuzk; Fwpj;jnjhU r%f nghUshjhu kw;Wk; fyhrhur; #oikTfspy; ,isQu;fspd; mDgtq;fisAk;> #o;epiyfisAk; fhz;gpf;Fk; gy;NtW milahsf; Fwpfs; kw;Wk; gz;Gfisg; gad;gLj;jp mtu;fis xUtifg; gpupthf ,dq;fhzf;$bajhf ,Ug;gNjahFk;. mNdfkhd tiutpyf;fzq;fs; xU Fwpg;gpl;l taJf; FOtpd; nghJthd mDgtq;fs; kw;Wk; ghj;jpu vjpu;ghu;g;Gfs; vd;gtw;wpdbg;gilapy; mtu;fis tifg;gLj;Jk;> gue;j tifapy; Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;l xU khjpupiag; gad;gLj;Jfpd;wd. ,jd;gpufhuk;> midj;Jyf tiutpyf;fzk; I.eh Kiwikapd; fPo; 15-24 taJf;FOit ,isQu;> Atjpfshff; Fwpg;gpLifapy;> gy;NtW ehLfs; jkJ nrhe;j> jdpr;rpwg;ghd #oikTfisf; fUj;jpw;nfhz;L taJf; FOf;fspy; rpwpa tpj;jpahrq;fis Vw;Wf;nfhs;fpd;wd. ,e;j tifg;gLj;jy; taJf;FOf;fspDs; epyTk; gy;tifikfisf; fUj;jpy; nfhs;shtpbDk;> mJ ,isQu;fisAk;> r%fj;jpy; mtu;fspd; ,lj;ijAk; ,dq;fhZtjw;F mq;fPfupf;fg;gl;l xU topahf tpsq;Ffpd;wJ. ,g;gpd;dzpapy;> ,yq;ifapd; Njrpa ,isQu; nfhs;if ,isQu;fis ,yq;ifapd; #oiktpy; jq;fpthOk; rpWtu; epiyapypUe;J Rje;jpukhd tsHe;NjhH epiyf;F ,lkhw;wk; ngWk; jd;ikiaf; fUj;jpw;nfhz;L 15 - 29 tajpdu; vd tiutpyf;fzk; nra;fpd;wJ. ,isQu;fs;> Atjpfs; xU r%f tifg;gpuptpdu; vd;w tifapy; mtu;fspd; cs;shu;e;j rpf;fy; jd;ikfis mJ mq;fPfupg;gNjhL> ,isQu;fspd; r%f> nghUshjhu> efu;g;Gw> fpuhkpa> Ntiytha;g;G epiyfs;> ,dj;Jt tho;f;if newpapd; NghJ nkhop> kj kw;Wk; fyhrhuf; fz;Nzhl;lq;fspy; Vw;gLk; gd;Kf mDgtq;fs; Fwpj;Jk; G+uzkhf mJ mwpe;Js;sJ.

4.2 Fbapay; guk;gy; #o;epiy ,yq;ifapy; ,isQu; rdj;njhif 2011 ,y; nkhj;j rdj;njhifapy; 23% vd;Wk;> Rkhu; 4.4 kpy;ypad; vd;Wk; kjpg;gPL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. ghy; NtWghLfspd; gpufhuk; 50.23% ,isQu;fSk; 49.76% AtjpfSk; cs;sdu;. Njrpa ,isQu; nfhs;ifapy; tiutpyf;fzk; nra;ag;gl;Ls;s ,isQu;> Atjpfs; fl;lhakhfg; ghlrhiyf;Fr; nry;y Ntz;ba tajhd 5 - 14 taijj; jhz;batu;fshtu;. mtu;fs; gue;j mstpy; %d;W tifg; gpuptpduhff; fUjg;glyhk;. ,tu;fs; fy;tp eltbf;iffspy; <Lgl;Ls;stu;fs;> Ntiy ghu;g;gtu;fs; kw;Wk; Ntiyaw;Nwhu; vd;Nghuhtu;. fy;tpr; nraw;ghLfspy; <Lgl;Ls;s ,isQu;fisg; nghWj;jtiuapy; fy;Y}up kl;lj;jpy; cs;stu;fspd; vz;zpf;ifapy; (juq;fs; 12 - 13) jPtpu tPo;r;rp fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ,yq;ifapy; rfy gpuNjrq;fspYk; 80.6% Nky; ,uz;lhk; epiy Nruy;fspypUe;J (juk;10 - 11)> ,J fy;Y}hp kl;lj;jpy; (juk; 1213) 39.4% Mff; Fiwe;Js;sJ. ,U kl;lq;fspYk; mjpFiwthd tPjhrhuq;fs; ngUe;Njhl;lj;Jiw ,isQu;> Atjpfs; kj;jpapNyNa fhzg;gLfpd;wd. ,yq;ifapy; cau;fy;tpapy; ,isQu;> Atjpfspd; vz;zpf;if %d;whk; epiyf; fy;tp epWtdq;fspd; vz;zpf;if Fiwthf ,Ug;gjd; fhuzkhfTk; FiwthfTs;sJ. ,isQu;> AtjpfSf;fhd Ntiytha;g;igg; nghWj;j tiuapy;> fle;j jrhg;jj;jpy; 20 - 29 taJf;FOtpYs;Nshu; Ntiytha;g;gpd;ik tPjk; 2002 ,y; 20.1% MftpUe;J 2011 ,y; 12.3% Mf tPo;r;rp fz;Ls;sJ.

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,yq;ifapd; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;if

1

Based on Dept of Census and statistics

,yq;ifapd; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;if |

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4.3 fy;tpAk; gapw;rpAk; If;fpa ehLfs; rpWtu; epjpak; 2013,y; Nkw;nfhz;l Ma;tpd;gb> ,uz;lhk; epiy fy;tp fw;Fk; khztu;fspy; 3.3%khNdhu; gbg;gpypUe;J tpyf;Fk; epiy fhzg;gl;lJ . ,jpy; 1%khdtu;fs; 10 taJilatu;fshfTk; 5.1%khNdhu; 13 taJilatu;fshfTk; fhzg;gLfpd;wdu;. ,e;epiyikahdJ ,jw;F mLj;jkl;lj;jpy; cs;stu;fshd ,isQu; FOtpdUf;F ghjkhf mika tha;g;Gfs; cs;sd. fhuzk; ,k;kl;lj;jpd; gbg;GtPjk; Fiwe;Jtpl tha;g;G cz;L. ,yq;if tpjpKiwahd fy;tpf;fhd tha;g;Gfs; Fwpj;J epahakhd tifapy; ngUikailayhk; vd;wNghjpYk;> rpy fupridf; ftiyfs; cs;sd. 2001 ,y; rpq;fs nkhop %yj;jpy; juq;fs; 6 - 11 ,ilapy; Nru;jypy; xU tpfpjhrhukhf ,iltpyfy;fs; 3% MftpUe;jd. jkpo; nkhop %yj;jpy; mit 6% MftpUe;jd. fy;tpapy; gq;Nfw;gjpy; fzprkhd mstpyhd gpuhe;jpa kw;Wk; Jiwrhu; NtWghLfisf; fhz;gpf;fpd;wJ. ngUe;Njhl;lj;Jiwapy; Mz; gps;isfs; mjpf ,iltpyfy;; fhz;gpf;fpd;wdu;. njw;F kw;Wk; Nky; khfhzq;fs; cau; kl;lq;fspyhd gq;Nfw;ig (87%) fhz;gpf;ifapy;> ,J tl Nky; khfhzj;jpy; 78% MfTk;> tlf;F fpof;F khfhzq;fspy; 73% MfTk; cs;sJ. NkYk;> 2008/2009 f;fhd rpWtu; nraw;ghl;L kjpg;gha;tpd; gpufhuk; Mw;wypd;ikAk;> tpahjpANk ghlrhiyf;Fr; nry;yhikf;fhd ,uz;lhtJ cau;thd fhuzkhFk;. ,J mq;ftPd epiy ghlrhiyfspy; Nru;tjw;Fk;> fy;tpiaj; njhlUtjw;Fk; xU ghuJ}ukhd kl;Lg;ghlhfTs;sJ vd;gij vLj;Jf;fhl;LtjhfTs;sJ. cau; fy;tpiag; nghWj;jtiuapy;> 2007,y; jFjpngw;w vz;zpf;ifapdUs; 14.3% khj;jpuNk mDkjpf;Fj; njupT nra;ag;gl;ldu;. fy;tpf;fhd mur KjyPl;by; Vw;gl;LtUk; rupT epiyia Kf;fpa ftdj;jpy; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. 2010 ,y; gy;fiyf;foff; fy;tpf;fhd muR nrytPdk; murhq;f nrytPdj;jpy; 1.8% khj;jpuNkahFk;. ,isQu;> AtjpfSf;F kpfTk; jPu;khdfukhd Jiwahd njhopy;El;g kw;Wk; tho;f;ifj; njhopw;fy;tp rkPg tUlq;fspy; Jupjkhf tpuptile;Js;sJ. vt;thwhapDk;> ,ij toq;Fk; epWtdq;fs; Fwpj;j nghJ kf;fs; mq;fPfhuk; tho;f;ifj; njhopy; kw;Wk; jifikfs; rk;ge;jkhd fPo;epiyapyhd tuNtw;G vd;git fhuzkhf ,j;Jiwfspd; tsu;r;rp jpUg;jpfukhdjhf ,y;iy. njhopy;El;g kw;Wk; tho;f;ifj; njhopy; gapw;rp epWtdq;fspyhd ,iltpyfy; tpfpjhrhuk; Vida epWtdq;fs; kw;Wk; gy;fiyf;foq;fSld; xg;gpLifapy; cau;thdjhFk;. njhopy;El;g kw;Wk; tho;f;ifj; njhopy; fy;tpf;Ff; nfhilahsu; epjpAjtpfs; fpilf;fpd;wd. ,J ,j;Jiw mgptpUj;jpaila cjtpAs;sJ. ,q;F tUk; khztu;fs; ,yFtpy; ghjpg;Gwf;$ba r%ff;$WfspypUe;J tUtjhy;> ,tu;fSf;fhd fl;lzf; fl;likg;Gf;fs; nghUj;jkhditahfTk;> ,tu;fSf;Ff; fl;Lg;gbahdjhfTk; ,Ug;gJ Kf;fpakhdjhFk;. fy;tpapd; juKk;> gzptpisTfSk; fy;tp kw;Wk; gapw;rp rk;ge;jkhfg; ghuJ}ukhd fupridia Vw;gLj;Jk; tplag;gug;ghfTs;sJ. khztu;fs; Nru;e;J nfhs;tJ khj;jpuk; fy;tp kw;Wk; gapw;rpapd; juk; rk;ge;jkhd jpUg;jpfukhd Rl;bf;fhl;b my;y. fy;tpr;rhjidfspy; fzprkhd gpuhe;jpa Vw;wj;jho;Tfs; cs;sd. ,jpy; Nky;khfhzj;Jf;Fk;> Vida khfhzq;fSf;Fk;> tpNrlkhf Aj;jj;jhy; ghjpg;Gw;w khfhzq;fSf;Fkpilapy; kpff; fzprkhd NtWghLfs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. fy;tpapd; gue;j Fwpapyf;Ffs; rk;ge;jkhd ftdKk; mtrpakhFk;. fy;tp MNuhf;fpak;> ghypay; elj;ij> jiyikj;Jtk;> MSik mgptpUj;jp> r%f ,izT neUf;fk;> kw;Wk; r%f ePjp vd;gtw;wpd; kPJk; jhf;fk; nrYj;Jfpd;wJ. ,it mNefkhd re;jHg;gq;fspy; cjhrPdk; nra;ag;gl;L> fy;tpapd; Fwpapyf;F Ntiytha;g;igg; ngWtJ vd;w FWfpa tifapy;

Nehf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. ,J fw;gpj;jy; kw;Wk; fw;wy; topKiwfs; kPJ jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wJ. 4.4 ,isQH Atjpfspd; Ntiytha;g;Gk; Ntiyapd;ikAk ,isQHfs; kj;jpapy; epyTk; Ntiyapd;ik ,yq;ifapy; nfhs;if tFg;ghsHfSf;Fk; ,isQH> AtjpfSf;Fk;> FLk;gq;fSf;Fk; gpujhdkhd gpur;rpidahf tpsq;Ffpd;wJ. 2010,y; 15-19 tajpdupilapyhd Ntiyapd;ik 20% MftpUe;jJ. 20-24 taJf; FOtpdupilNa mJ 19% tPjkhf tpsq;fpaJ. ,e;j taJf;FOtpy; ngz;fspd; Ntiyapd;ik Mz;fspd; Ntiyapd;ikia tpl caHe;j tPjkhftpUe;jJ. Ntiytha;g;Gg; gpur;rpidapy; ,isQH> Atjpfspd; kpfTk; Nkhrkhd kdf;Fiwahf ,Ug;gJ Ntiy ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F murpay; kw;Wk; r%f nry;thf;F kpf caHthff; fUjg;gLk; epiyahFk;. ,JNt murhq;fj; Jiwapy; epyTk; cz;ikahd epiyahFk;. jdpahH JiwapYk; ,J g+uzkhf ,y;iynad;W $wptplKbahJ. jdpahH JiwapYk;$l> ,Kiwahd, r%f tiyaikg;Gfisr; NrHe;jpUg;gJ> Ntiytha;g;igg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjpy; Kf;fpa fhuzpahf mike;Js;sJ. ,f;fyhrhuq;fshy; gy ,isQH> Atjpfs; Ntiytha;g;igg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjpy; jpwik Kf;fpakw;wJ vd;Wk;> rupahd njhlHGfis itj;jpUg;gNj Kf;fpakhdnjd;Wk; njuptpf;fpd;wdH. Nghl;bg;guPl;irg; ngWNgWfspYk;> Ml;NrHg;G eltbf;if KiwfspYk; xOq;fPdq;fs; ,lk;ngw;w rk;gtq;fs; fye;jhNyhridfspd;NghJ> mwpf;ifaplg;gl;ld. ,it Ntiytha;g;Gj;Jiwf;Fk; mg;ghy; nghJ epWtdq;fspYk; Ml;rpKiwfspYk; ek;gpf;if Fiwe;J nry;tjw;F ,l;Lr;nrd;Ws;sd. Ntiy cyfpw;F ,isQH> Atjpfisj; jahupg;gJ JujpU\;ltrkhf ntWkNd jfty; njhopy;El;g kw;Wk; Mq;fpy nkhopj; jpwd;fisf; fw;gpg;gjw;F kl;Lg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,J Ntiy cyfpw;F kpfTk; mtrpakhd Vida jpwd;fshd jiyikj;Jtk;> mzpNtiy> tpkHrduPjpahd rpe;jid> njhlHghly; jpwd;fs; Nghd;wtw;iw cjhrPdk; nra;fpd;wJ., nkd; jpwd;fs;, vd;W miof;fg;gLk; ,it tFg;giwapy; fw;gpf;fg;gl Kbahjit vd;gijAk; mit fw;gpj;jy; kw;Wk; fw;wy; #oy; kw;Wk; fyhrhuj;jpD}lhfg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sg;glNtz;bait vd;gijAk; mq;fPfupg;gJ Kf;fpakhdjhFk;. jw;Nghija Nghl;b epiwe;j> guPl;irj; jpl;lq;fisf; nfhz;l>, Jupj Ntf,fw;gpj;jYk;> fw;wYk; ,j;jifa jpwd;fis Kd;Ndw;Wtjw;Fg; gad;glkhl;lh. MfNt> Ntiy ngw;Wf;nfhs;sf;$ba jd;ikia Nkk;gLj;Jjy; ghltpjhdq;fspy; khw;wj;Jf;F khj;jpuk; kl;Lg;gLj;jg;glhJ> fy;tp ,yf;Ffs;> kw;Wk; fw;gpj;jy;> fw;wy; topKiwfs; vd;gtw;iw kPsha;T nra;tjw;Fk;> tp];jupf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 4.5 r%f Gwe;js;SifAk; epahag;gLj;JjYk ,yq;ifr; r%fj;jpd; xU gFg;gha;T %ytsq;fisAk;> tha;g;Gf;fisAk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tJk;> xU jdpegupd; tho;f;ifapy; Kd;Ndw;wKk; r%f tiyaikg;gpy; mtupd; me;j];j;ijg; nghWj;jjhFnkd;gij vLj;Jf;fhl;Lfpd;wJ. ,e;j me;j];;ijj; jPHkhdpf;Fk; fhuzpfs; ghy;epiy> ,dj;Jtepiy> kjk;> murpay; njhlHgpizg;Gfs;> nkhop kw;Wk; rhjp vd;gitahFk;. nkhop vd;gJ r%f me;j];ijf; Fwpg;ghff; fhl;LtjhFk;. Mq;fpy nkhopapy; gupr;raKk;> ruskhf NgRk; Mw;wYk; r%fj;jpy; xU egupd; me;j];J kPJ ngUkstpy; nry;thf;Fr; nrYj;jf;$baitahFk;. ,J (fy;tp kw;Wk; jifik Nghd;w) rhjpf;fg;gl;l fhuzpfistpl> NrHj;Jg;nghUj;jpf;nfhs;sg;gl;l fhuzpfNs gyupd; tho;tpy; Kd;Ndw;wj;ijj; jPHkhdpg;gitahfTs;sd vd;gijAk; vLj;Jf;fhl;Lfpd;wJ. NkYk;> %ytsq;fisAk;> tha;g;Gf;fhl;LiffisAk; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tJ XH cupikahftd;wp> rYifahfNt Nehf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. rYif vd;Dk; czHTld; nghWg;GzHtd;wp flg;ghL vd;Dk; czHNt $lr;nry;Yfpd;wJ. ,e;j Kiwik r%fj;jpy; gpwupy; jq;fpepw;wy; kw;Wk; Ml;fSf;Fr; rYif nra;jy; vd;Dk; cwTepiyfisj; njhlHfijahf;fp kpfTk; mbg;gilahd Nritfisg; ngWtjpYk;> md;whl tho;tpy; murpay; kw;Wk; r%fj; njhlHGfisg; gad;gLj;JtJ ngUksTf;Fr; ru;t rhjhuzkhd tplakhfptpl;lJ. ,t;thW rYif fhl;Lk;

Sri Lanka Labour Force Survey, 2011. Dept of Census and statistics. 2002 rate is excluding Northern and Eastern Provinces while 2011 rate includes all districts.

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,yq;ifapd; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;if

3UNICEF out of school children study, 2013

Rw;Wtl;lq;fs; r%fj;jpd; rfy kl;lq;fspYk; Jbg;ghfr; nraw;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wd. vt;thwhapDk;> ,jd; fUj;J gy;NtW fhuzq;fSf;fhf ,j;njhlHG epiyfSs; gpuNtrpf;f KbahNjhH my;yJ ,r;rYif Fwpj;j Rw;Wtl;lq;fSf;F ntspapy; tplg;gLNthH kpfTk; mbg;gilahd cupikfs;$l kWf;fg;gLk; msTf;F Xuq;fl;liy vjpHNehf;Ffpd;whH vd;gjhFk;. ,isQH> Atjpfs; ,e;j epiy Fwpj;J ntWg;Gw;w NghjpYk;> ,j;jifa eilKiwfSf;Fr; rthy;tpLk; mjpFiwthd Kaw;rpfs;$l mtHfs; kj;jpapy; fhzg;gltpy;iy. 4.6 MNuhf;fpaKk; ey;tho;Tk ,isQH AtjpfSf;F ,iaGs;s ,uz;L nfhs;if tiuGfs; cs;sd. ,staJ egHfspd; MNuhf;fpak; rk;ge;jkhd Njrpa nfhs;ifAk; cj;jpAk; kw;Wk; tshpsk; gUtj;jpdhpd; MNuhf;fpak; Fwpj;j Njrpa cj;Njrj;;jpl;lKNk (2013-2017) mitahFk;. ,isQH Atjpfspd; tho;tpy; MNuhf;fpaKk; NrkeyDk; xU Kf;fpakhd mk;rkhFk;. Foe;ijg; gUtj;Jf;Fg; gpd;duhd ,uz;lhtJ cUthf;fg; gbepiyahff; nfhs;sg;gLk; ,isQH gUtk; tsHr;rp> tha;g;Gfs; kw;Wk; cly;> cshPjpahd rthy;fis vjpHNehf;Fk; xU fhyg;gFjpahFk;. tof;fkhf ,f;fhyg;gFjpapd;NghNj ,tHfs; cly; kw;Wk; czHr;rpfs;rhH RahjPdk; vd;gtw;wpd; milahsq;fisf; fhz;gpg;gjw;Fk; jkJ nrhe;j milahs kw;Wk; KjpHr;rp czHTfis mgptpUj;jpnra;Jnfhs;sTk; Muk;gpf;fpd;wdH. ngw;NwhH kw;Wk; ghJfhtyhpd; fz;fhzpg;Gf;;F mg;ghy; ntspAyfpy; Ma;T kw;Wk; ghPl;rpj;jy; rk;ge;jkhf tpNrlkhf gjhHj;jq;fspd; gpuNahfk; kw;Wk; ghypay; rk;ge;jkhd Ma;Tfs; kw;Wk; ghPl;rpj;jy; Fwpj;j fhyg;gFjpahFk;. ,yq;ifapy; ghlrhiyfSf;F ntspapYs;s tshpsk; gUtj;jpdhpy; 42 tPjkhNdhH Gifg;gpbg;gjhfTk; 24 tPjkhd tshpsk; gUtj;J Mz;fSk;> 10 tPjkhd tshpsk; gUtj;J ngz;fSk; kJ mUe;JtjhfTk; mwpf;ifaplg;gLfpd;wJ. NkYk; tshpsk; gUtj;jpdhpy; gyH tHj;jf hPjpapyhd ghypay; gzpahsHfSld; cs;spl;l tifapy; ghypay; eltbf;ifapy; <LgLtJ fz;lwpg;gl;Ls;sJ. vt;thwhapDk; ghypay; hPjpapy; guTk; njhw;Wfs; kw;Wk; HIV cs;spl;l tifapy; ,dg;ngUf;f Rfhjhuk; rk;ge;jkhd mtHfspd; mwpT kpfTk; Nkhrkhf cs;sJ. RkhH 50 tPjkhd tshpsk; gUtj;jpdNu ,itFwpj;J mwpe;Js;sdH. ,isQH> Atjpfs; ghypay; kw;Wk; ,dg;ngUf;f Rfhjhuk; Fwpj;j jfty;fisg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tJ fbdkhfTs;sJ. tpj;jpahrkhd ghypay; jpirkhHf;fq;fisf; nfhz;l my;yJ jdpg;gl;l neUf;fbfis vjpHNehf;Fk; ,isQH> AtjpfSf;F MjuT ,y;yhj epiyNa fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ,isQH> Atjpfspd; Rfhjhuk; rk;ge;jkhd NkYnkhU Kf;fpa tptfhuk; $l;LwT %yk; guthj ePhpopT> caH ,uj;j mOj;jk;> ,ja kw;Wk; ,uj;jk; rk;ge;jkhd tpahjpfs; njhlHe;J epyTtjhFk;. ,j;NjhL> tsHe;NjhH tho;tpy; mtHfisg; ghjpf;ff;$ba Gw;WNeha; Nghd;witAk; cs;sd. ,J jw;NghJ ,yq;ifapy; ,isQH> Atjpfspd; epakkhf khwpf;nfhz;bUf;Fk;> epiyahf Xhplj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; tho;f;if kw;Wk; MNuhf;fpakw;w tho;f;if Kiwfs; cs;spl;l fhuzpfs;> tho;f;ifg;ghzp kw;Wk; czTg;gof;fq;fs; vd;gtw;wpd; tpisthFk;. ,isQH Atjpfs; kj;jpapy; RajPq;F kw;Wk; jw;nfhiy rk;ge;jkhf mjpfhpj;J tUk; rk;gtq;fs; ftiyf;Fhpa Nghf;ifNa fhz;gpf;fpd;wd. fy;tpapd; Nghl;bj;jd;ik> FLk;gj;jpdUlDk;> mtjhdpg;G FOf;fSlDk; cwTfspd; juk; rPuopjy; Nghd;wit fhuzkhf Vw;gLk; caHe;j kl;lq;fspyhd kd mOj;jk; ,isQH kj;jpy; czHr;rpfs;rhH kw;Wk; cstpay; Neha; epiyfSf;F gq;fspg;Gr;nra;fpd;wJ. ,isQH Atjpfspd; Njitfspy; ftdk; nrYj;Jk; fyhrhuhPjpapy; nghUj;jkhdJk;> cs;Shpy; fpilf;ff;$baitAkhd cstpay; r%f Nritfs; Nghjpa mstpy; fpilg;gjpy;iy.

WHO defines adolescents as those belonging to 10-19 years of age. According to the National Policy and Strategy on Health of Young Persons, 2011. 3

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mj;jpahak; 5

Kd;Dhpik ,yf;Ff; FOf;fs ,isQHfs; xNu rPuhd ,ay;Gnfhz;l xU FOtpduy;yu;. tpNrlkhd Nritfs; kw;Wk; ftdk; vd;gtw;iwf; NfhUk; Fwpj;Jiug;ghd ,isQH FOf;fis ,dq;fhZtJ Kf;fpakhdjhFk;. ,isQH mgptpUj;jpapYk;> ,isQH gzp Kd;Kaw;rpfspYk; Kd;Dhpik toq;fg;glNtz;ba ,isQH FOf;fSf;F murpdJk;> muR rhuhj KftH epiyaq;fsJk; ftdj;ij <Hf;Fk; Nehf;fj;ijf; nfhz;lNj ,e;j mj;jpahak;.

5.1 Ntiyaw;w ,isQHfs; ,isQu; kj;jpay; Ntiyapd;ik tPjk; Fiwe;J nry;Yk; Nghf;if fle;j fhyq;fspy; fhzf;$bajhf cs;sJ. Fwpg;ghf 20-29 taJ FOtdupilNa 2002 ,y; 20.1% khf fhzg;gl;l Ntiyapd;ikahdJ 2011 ,y; 2.3% khf Fiwtile;Js;sJ. ,isQH Atjpfs; kj;jpapy; Ntiyapd;ik xU njhluhd jPq;fhd tpisTfSf;F ,l;Lr;nry;yf;$bajhFk;. ,isQH ePjp kw;Wk; r%f RahjPdj;ijj; Njbf;nfhs;tjpYk;> FLk;gj;jpw;Fk;> r%fj;jpw;Fk; gq;fspg;Gr; nra;tjpYk; kl;Lg;ghLfis mDgtpj;J> ,tw;wpd; tpisthf Ra-kjpg;G> jd;dk;gpf;if kw;Wk; csneUf;fPL vd;gtw;iw ,of;fpd;wdH. ,itaidj;Jk; mtHfspy; tsHe;NjhH epiyf;fhd ,ilkhw;wj;ij ghjpf;Fk;. ,yq;ifapy; ghuk;ghpakhf Ntiyaw;w gl;ljhhpfs; kPJ ftdk; nrYj;jg;gLfpd;w NghjpYk;> Vida ,isQH FOf;fs; kj;jpapy; epyTk; Ntiyapd;ikf;Fk; ftdk; nrYj;jg;gLtJ Kf;fpakhdjhFk;. NkYk; Ntiytha;g;Gj; jifik Fwpj;j jw;Nghija fye;Jiuahly; fy;tp kPJ Fwpg;ghf gy;fiyf;foff; fy;tp kPJ FWfpa topapNyNa ftdk; nrYj;Jfpd;wJ. mNjNtisapy; Ntiytha;g;Gj; jifikia mjpfhpg;gjhapd; JiwfspYk;> gpuhe;jpaq;fspYk; NkYk; epahakhd Kiwapy; Ntiytha;g;Gfis mjpfhpg;gJ cs;spl;l tifapy; xU tPr;rhd ,ilaPLfs; mtrpakhFk;. Vida gapw;rp nraw;ghLfSf;Fk; $l rkj;Jtkpf;f ftdk; nrYj;j Ntz;Lk;. ,e;epyikapD}lhf jUtpf;fg;gLk; jifikfspdhy; njhopy;tha;g;Gf;fis Kd;Ndw;w KbtjD}lhf ,isQu;fSf;fhd xU gue;j #oiy cUthf;f KbAk;.

5.2 Aj;jj;jpdhy; ghjpg;Gw;w r%fq;fisr; NrHe;j ,isQH Atjpfs; ,yq;if rkhjhdk; kw;Wk; ey;ypzf;fj;ij Nehf;fpr;nry;ifapy;> Aj;jj;jpdhy; ghjpg;Gw;w ,isQH Atjpfs; cldbahfNt [dr%fj;jpDs; ,ad;w msTf;F xd;wpizf;fg;gLtJ Kf;fpakhdjhFk;. ,J Aj;jj;jpy; NeubahfNt <Lgl;l ,isQH Atjpfs;> td;nfhLikfis mDgtpj;j ,isQH Atjpfs; kw;Wk; xU Fwpg;gpl;l gphptpdUld; NrHe;J ,dq;fhzg;gl;ljhy; Xuq;fl;ly;fs; kw;Wk; ghugl;rq;fis mDgtpj;jtHfs; vd;Nghiu cs;slf;FtjhFk;. vt;thwhapDk;> [dr%fq;fspDs;Sk; mtw;wpdpilapYk; re;Njfk;> ek;gpf;ifaPdk; kw;Wk; FNuhjk; rk;ge;jkhd czHTfs; epyTfpd;wd.

5.3 Gwe;js;Sif> ghugl;rk; kw;Wk; Ruz;ly;fSf;F cs;shfpa ,isQH Atjpfs; ,isQHfSf;fhd epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lq;fs; ghugl;rq;fs;> Ruz;ly;fSf;F ,yf;fhd ,isQH FOf;fs; NkYk; Xuq;fl;lg;glhky; ,Ug;gij cWjpnra;tJ mtrpakhFk;. ,J Xuq;fl;lg;gl;l ,isQH FOf;fs;kPJ czHjpwidf; fhz;gpg;gJ rk;ge;jg;gl;l tplakhFk;. ,J rpWghd;ik ,dj;Jtf;FOf;fs; kw;Wk; kjf;FOf;fs;> khw;Wj;jpwd;

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,yq;ifapd; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;if

WHO defines adolescents as those belonging to 10-19 years of age. According to the National Policy and Strategy on Health of Young Persons, 2011. 3

4

,yq;ifapd; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;if |

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nfhz;l FOf;fs; kw;Wk; Kd;dhs; Nghuhspfs; vd;Nghiur; NrHe;j ,isQH Atjpfis cs;slf;FtjhFk;. murpay; <LghLnfhz;l> Jbg;ghd ,isQH FOf;fs; cs;sdH. ,tHfs; mNdfkhd re;jHg;gq;fspy; mjpfhhpfSld; NkhJtjhy;> rpy re;jHg;gq;fspy; jPtpu Nkhjy;epiyfSk; cUthfpd;wd. ,f;FOf;fis NkYk; mHj;jKs;s> Mf;fG+Htkhd topfspy; ifahSk; topfisf; fz;lwptJ ,isQH kj;jpapy; td;nray;fs; guthky; jLg;gjw;F kpfTk; Kf;fpakhdjhFk;.

5.4 gy;NtW Atjpfs

fy;tp

kl;lq;fspYs;s

,isQH

,isQH gphptpd; Kjdpiyg; gz;GfSs; xd;W tpjpKiwahd fy;tpapy; caHthd mstpy; gq;Nfw;wpUg;gjhFk;. vt;thwhapDk; tpjpKiwahd fy;tpKiwikapypUe;J ntspNaWk; NtWghlhd re;jHg;gq;fs; cs;sd. ,r;re;jHg;gq;fspy; NtWgLk; tpUg;Gj;njhpTfis mtHfSf;F toq;FtJ mtrpankd;gij mq;fPfhpg;gJ Kf;fpakhdjhFk;. cjhuzkhf> rhjhuzjuf; fy;tpapd; gpd;dUk;> caHjuf;fy;tpapd; gpd;dUk; cs;s fhyg;gFjp ,isQH> Atjpfspd; fy;tp kw;Wk; gapw;rpj;Njitfs; G+Hj;jpnra;ag;glNtz;ba ,U jPHkhdfukhd re;jHg;gq;fshFk;. tpjpKiwahd fy;tpapy; jw;NghJ ,isQHfs; Fiwe;jstpy; gq;Nfw;gJk; ftdk; nrYj;jg;glNtz;ba xU gpur;rpidahFk;. ghlrhiyfspypUe;J ,iltpyfpNahH (mjpFiwthd tpjpKiwahd fy;tpiaf;$l G+Hj;jpnra;ahNjhH) tplaj;jpYk; ftdk; nrYj;jg;gLtJ mtrpakhFk;. jw;Nghija fy;tp Kiwik rhjhuzjuk; kw;Wk; caHjuk; vd;gtw;Wf;fpilapyhd ,,ilntsp, fhyg;gFjp kw;Wk; caHjuk; kw;Wk; gy;fiyf;fof mDkjp vd;gtw;Wf;fpilapyhd ,ilntspf; fhyg;gFjp vd;gtw;iwf; nfhz;ljhFk;. ,t;tpU re;jHg;gq;fspYk; fy;tpiaj;njhlu vz;Zk; ,isQH> Atjpfs; ,yf;F itf;fg;gLk; epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fspypUe;J mD$yj;ijg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tJ rhj;jpakhFk;.

5.5 Atjpfs; ghy;epiy mgptpUj;jpf; Fwpfhl;bfspy; ,yq;if epahakhd msTf;F Kd;Ndw;wq;fis fhz;gpj;jNtisapYk;> Atjpfisg; ghjpf;Fk; rpy ghuJ}ukhd gpur;rpidfs; cs;sd. ghy;epiy mbg;gilapyhd td;nray;fs; kw;Wk; ghypay; njhe;juT Fwpj;j rk;gtq;fs; ftiyA+l;Lk; msTf;F mjpfhpj;Js;sd. tshpsk; gUtj;jpdH fHg;gpzpfshjy;> kw;Wk; ghypay; J\;gpuNahfq;fspd; vz;zpf;iffs; Atjpfs; Ruz;ly;> td;nray; kw;Wk; njhy;iyfSf;F ,yFtpy; gypahfpd;wdH vd;gij vLj;Jf;fhl;Lfpd;wd. ngz;fs; caHthd vz;zpf;iffspy; fy;tpapy; gq;Fgw;wpaNghJk; ngz;fs; ciog;gpy; gq;Nfw;gjpy; me;jsT cau;thd Gs;sptpguq;fs; fhzg;gLtjpy;iy. ,it ,sk; ngz;fs; Ntiytha;g;Gfisg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjpy; epyTk; fyhrhu kw;Wk; r%fj;jilfis vLj;Jf;fhl;Lfpd;wd.

5.6 fpuhkpa ,isQHfSk; AtjpfSk;

Vida r%fg; gpur;rpidfSf;F ,l;Lr;nry;Yfpd;wJ. ,NjNtisapy; fpuhkpa kf;fs; jkJ kpfTk; Jbg;ghd rf;jp tha;e;j kdpj %y tsq;fis ,oe;JtpLfpd;wd.

5.7 Fiwe;j tUkhdk; nfhz;l efHg;Gw ,isQH Atjpfs; Fiwe;j tUkhdk; nfhz;l efHg;Gw ,isQH> Atjpfs; mNefkhd re;jHg;gq;fspy; Gwf;fzpf;fg;gLNthuhf ,Ug;gjhy;> gy rthy;fSf;F Kfq;nfhLf;fpd;wdH. tof;fkhf ,yFtpy; Fw;wtpay; eltbf;iffspy; <Lglf;$batHfs; vd;Dk; tir> mtJ}WfSf;F MshFk; ,tHfs; rl;lj;ij eilKiwg;gLj;JNthhpd; ,yf;FfshfTk; gy Nrit toq;FeHfshy; Xuq;fl;lg;gLNthUkhf khWfpd;wdH. ,e;j ,isQH FOtpd; Fwpj;Jiug;ghd rthy;fSk;> fhpridf; ftiyfSk; ,dq;fhzg;gl;L> mtw;Wf;Fj; jPHTfs; fpilj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

5.8 rl;lj;Jld; Kuz;gLk; ,isQH Atjpfs rl;lj;Jld; Kuz;gLk; ,isQH> Atjpfs; Fwpj;j Clf mwpf;iffs; ngUfptUifapy;> ePjpj;Jiw ,isQHfs; tplaj;jpy; nghUj;jkhd Kiwapy; gpujptpisT fhz;gpg;gij cWjpnra;tjw;fhd mtruj; NjitAs;sJ. jw;NghJs;s rpWtH kw;Wk; ,staJ egHfs; fl;lisr; rl;lk; 16 taJf;F Nkw;gl;ltHfs; tplaj;jpy; nghUe;jpaiktjpy;iy. ,t;tplak; njhlu;ghf jpu;khdpg;gjw;F ePjp mikr;R Kd;ndLg;Gfis Nkw;nfhs;fpwJ. rl;lj;Jld; ,staJ egHfSf;F Vw;gLk; mDgtk; mtHfspd; vjpHfhyj;ijg; ghuJ}ukhdtifapy; ghjpf;ff;$Lk;. fy;tp kw;Wk; gapw;rpapy; rPHFiyT> KjpHr;rpaile;j kPz;Lk;> kPz;Lk; jtWfisg; Ghpfpd;wtHfSld; rfthrk; Vw;gLjy; kw;Wk; mtHfspd; cUthf;ff; fhyg;gFjpapy; Vw;glf;$ba r%f tir> mtJ}Wfs; r%f kw;Wk; cstpay; jhf;fq;fis Vw;gLj;jf;$baitahFk;. J\;gpuNahfk;> ifjp ,y;yk;> ghypay; njhopyhspfs; Nghd;wit fhuzkhf> rl;lj;Jld; Kuz;glf; $ba tifapy; mikag;ngw;wpUf;Fk; ,isQu;fis mZff;$ba khw;Wtopfis fz;Lgpbj;jypYk; ,e;j tpisTfisf; Fiwg;gjpYk; ,J ftdk; nrYj;jp ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.

5.9 ngUe;Njhl;lj;Jiw ,isQH Atjpfs ngUe;Njhl;lj;Jiw ,isQH> Atjpfs; kpfTk; jdpj;jd;ik tha;e;j topfspy; mtHfspd; mgptpUj;jpiaj; jilnra;Ak; Vw;ghLfs; nghUshjhu Kiwikfspd;fPo; tUfpd;wdH. rfy nfhs;iffSk; ,j;jdpj;jd;ik tha;e;j epiyikfSf;Ff; ftdk; nrYj;jp> ,f;FOtpdhpd; fhpridfis ftdj;jpw;f; nfhz;L jPHT toq;Fk; toptiffis mgptpUj;jpnra;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

5.10 khw;Wj;jpwd; nfhz;l ,isQH> Atjpfs khw;Wj;jpwd;nfhz;l ,isQH> AtjpfSf;F tpNrlkhd Njitfs; cs;sd. ,tHfSf;F> rkj;Jtkhd tha;g;Gfs; gq;Nfw;G kw;Wk; Nghjpa %ytsq;fis xJf;fpaspj;jy; vd;gd mtrpag;gLfpd;wd.

fy;tp> Ntiytha;g;G kw;Wk; Xa;TNeug; Gj;JzHr;rpr; nraw;ghLfs; vd;git ,d;dKk; efHg;Gwg; gpuNjrq;fspNyNa nghpJk; nrwpthff; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. tsHe;JtUk; ,g;gpuhe;jpa Vw;wj;jho;Tfs; gy tpisTfis Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wd. re;jHg;gq;fs>; tha;g;Gfisj; Njbf;nfhs;tjw;fhf ,isQH> Atjpfs; jhd; rhh;e;Js;s kf;;fspilNa ntspNa js;sg;gLfpd;wdH. ,J

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,yq;ifapd; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;if |

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mj;jpahak;; 6

Kf;fpa cj;jp tplag;gug;GfSk;> nfhs;if ,ilaPLfSk ,e;j mj;jpahak; nfhs;if tpsf;fq;fSf;fhd tplag;gug;GfisAk;> tpjg;GiufisAk; ,dq;fhZfpd;wJ. ,isQH> Atjpfisg; ghjpf;Fk; tptfhuq;fs; gy;Jiwj;jd;ik nfhz;litahf ,Ug;gjhy;> Fwpj;Jiug;ghd JiwfSf;F rpy ,dq;fhzg;gl;l nfhs;if ,ilaPLfs; toq;fg;gLfpd;wd.

6.1

Education

,yq;if Kjdpiy> ,uz;lhk; epiy kw;Wk; %d;whk; epiyf; fy;tpia cs;slf;Fk; tifapyhd ,ytrf; fy;tpapd; tpisthfg; gy Kd;Ndw;wq;fis <l;bAs;sJ. ,yq;if gy nkr;Rjw;Fhpa kdpj mgptpUj;jpf; Fwpfhl;bfisf; nfhz;l ehlhFk;. mjw;F Kjdpiyahd fhuzk; gy jrhg;jq;fshf epytptUk; Kd;Ndw;wfukhd ,ytrf; fy;tpf;nfhs;ifahFk;. ngUk; vz;zpf;ifapyhd ,isQH> Atjpfs; fy;tp eltbf;iffspy; <Lgl;Ls;sjhy; ,e;j mj;jpthuq;fs; kPJ fl;bnaOg;gg;gLtJk; mit tYg;gLj;jg;gLtJk; mtrpakhFk;. fy;tpj;Jiwapy; fhzg;gLk; gpur;rpidfs; mtHfspd; ey;tho;T kw;Wk; tsHr;rp Fwpj;j czHTfspy; Neubahd jhf;fj;ijr; nrYj;JgitahFk;.. fy;tpj;JiwapYs;s gpd;tUkhW:

tpku;rdj;Jf;Fupa

gpur;rpidfs;

I. rfy kl;lq;fspYKs;s fy;tp kw;Wk; gapw;rp epWtdq;fspilNa %ytsq;fs; kw;Wk; juk; rk;ge;jkhf fhzg;gLk; tsHe;JtUk; Vw;wj;jho;Tfs; II. fy;tpapd; MFnryTfs; mjpfhpg;gjhy; ,isQHfs; fy;tpiag; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjpy; kl;Lg;ghLfs; cs;sd III. gpukhzg;gLj;jg;glhj mjpfhpj;J tUjy;

jdpahH

fy;tp

epWtfq;fs;

IV. %d;whk; epiy kw;Wk; caHfy;tpf;fhd mjpfhpj;JtUk; Nfs;tpiag; G+Hj;jp nra;aKbahj epiy V. njhopy; topfhl;lypd; juf;FiwT VI. jw;Nghija fy;tpj;jpl;lj;jpd; caHthd Nghl;bj; jd;ik kw;Wk; kd mOj;jq;fs; cs;spl;ltifapy; fiyj;jpl;lj;jpd; ,iaGk; juKk; VII. fy;tp Kfhikj;Jtk; kw;Wk; epHthfj;Jiwfis murpay;kag;gLj;jYk; ,uhZtkag;gLj;jYk; VIII. fw;gpj;jy; njhopypd; me;j];J Fiwtile;J nry;tJk; thz;ikj;Jtk; NghjpasT fhzg;glhikAk; IX. Ntfkhf khWk; fy;tpr;#oypy; Mrpupau;fspd; mwpTk; jpwd;fSk; ,w;iwg;gLj;jg;gl;lik X. gy;NtW fhuzq;fspdhy; guPl;ir Kiwik kPjhd ek;gpf;if ,of;fg;gl;bUj;jy; XI. mur fy;tp Kiwikapy; tpidj;jpwd; ,d;ik> Nkhrkhd juk; kw;Wk; mbf;fb ,lk;ngWk; rPHFiyTfs; Fwpj;j tsHe;JtUk; Gyf;fhl;r fhuzkhf nghJkf;fs; ek;gpf;if ,oj;jy;

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,yq;ifapd; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;if

,yq;ifapd; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;if |

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nfhs;if ,ilaPLfs;

ftdk; nrYj;jNtz;ba gy gpur;rpidfSk; cs;sd.

I. 2009 ,y; tFj;jikf;fg;gl;l ,yq;ifapy; nghJf;fy;tpf;fhd Gjpa fy;tpr;rl;lk; eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;

I. jpwDs;s ciog;ghsH gzpf;F chpa mq;fPfhuNkh> r%f me;j];Njh Fiwthf cs;sik

II. fl;lhaf;fy;tp rk;ge;jkhd tanjy;iyia 16 tiu ePbj;jy; Ntz;Lk; III. ,yq;if murhq;fj;jpdhy; cld;ghL fhzg;gl;l midj;Jyf ju epakq;fisg; G+Hj;jpnra;Ak;tifapy; fy;tpf;fhd %ytsq;fs; xJf;fpaspj;jiy mjpfhpj;jy; Ntz;Lk; IV. Ml;NrHg;igj; kw;Wk; epHthfj;jpy; Ntz;Lk;

jug;gLj;jp> fy;tp thz;ikj;Jtj;ij

Kfhikj;Jtk; tYg;gLj;Jjy;

V. Vw;wj;jho;Tfisf; Fiwf;Fk; tifapy; rYifaw;w fy;tp epWtdq;fspy; trjpfis Nkk;gLj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk; VI. Mq;fpy nkhopapYk; Vida Njrpa nkhopfspYk; NjHr;rpia Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;F mtrpakhd Nghjpa %ytsq;fis toq;fp> tYg;gLj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk; VII. ,yq;ifapy; Njrpaf;nfhs;ifapy; tiuAk; cs;slf;Fk; eilKiwg;gLj;Jjy;

khw;Wj;jpwd; nfhz;ltHfSf;fhd (2003) fhzg;gLk; midfy;tp rk;ge;jkhd tpjg;Giufis

II. gpuhe;jpaq;fspy; jw;NghJs;s tho;f;ifj; njhopy; gapw;rp tpjpKiwahd Jiwapy; Ntiytha;g;ig Nehf;fp nraw;glhik III. Njrpa NjHr;rp ju epakq;fis eilKiwg;gLj;Jtjpy; ,ilntspfs; IV. mjpFiwthf $yp kw;Wk; jpwd;ngw;w ciog;ghsH gzpapy; njhopy; kw;Wk; Rfhjhuj; juepakq;fs; Nghd;w mjpFiwthd njhopyhsH juepakq;fs; Fiwthf fhzg;gLjy; V. tho;f;ifj; njhopw;gapw;rp epWtfq;fspilNa $l;bizg;G kw;Wk;; juepakq;fs; Fiwthf fhzg;gLjy; VI. njhopy;rhu; Nghjdhrpupau;fs; Fiwe;j rk;gsj;jpy; fhzg;gLjy;

nfhs;if ,ilaPLfs; I. jpwd;gilj;j njhopy;rhH kw;Wk; kuGrhuhj; njhopy;fs; rk;ge;jkhd tpopg;GzHit mjpfhpj;jy; II. TVET fy;tp newpfSf;F khdpak; fl;lzf; fl;likg;Gfis mwpKfk; nra;jy;

toq;fg;gl;l

VIII. caHf;fy;tpf;fhd tha;g;Gfs; mjpfhpf;Fk; tifapy; njhiyf;fy;tp Nghd;w khw;Wf;fy;tp Clfq;fis tYg;gLj;Jjy;

III. tho;f;ifj; njhopw;gapw;rp epWtfq;fs; xg;Gjy; mjpfhuk; ngWtijAk; NjHr;rp mbg;gilapyhd gapw;rpfis elj;JtijAk; cWjpnra;jy;

IX. fy;tp gad;gLj;jy;

njhopEl;gj;ijg;

IV. jpwd;gilj;j ciog;ghsH gzpfSf;F Vw;Wf;nfhs;sf;$ba njhopy; juepakq;fis jhgpj;jy;

X. ntspafj; jiyaPLfs; kw;Wk; nry;thf;F vd;gtw;iw mjpFiwthf;Fk; mNjNtisapy;> khztH rq;fq;fis tYg;gLj;JtjD}lhf fy;tp epWtdq;fspy; jPHkhdk; Nkw;nfhs;tjpy; ,isQH> Atjpfspd; gq;Nfw;ig mjpfhpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;

V. ftu;r;rpahd rk;gs msTj;jpl;lj;jpd; %yk; jifikAila njhopy; rhu; uPjpahd Nghjdhrpupau;fis Nru;j;Jf;nfhs;sy;.

XI. fy;tp epWtdq;fs; kj;jpapy; Ez;rpe;jid fyhrhuj;ijAk; Fbapay; <Lghl;bidAk; Nkk;gLj;jy;

fle;j jrhg;jj;jpy; ,isQH Ntiyapd;ik rpwpa msTfspy; Fiwtile;Js;sNghjpYk;> gpur;rpid ,d;dKk; tprdkspg;gjhfNt cs;sJ. ,g;gpur;rpidf;F fzprkhdsT ftdk;; nrYj;jg;gl;lNghjpYk;> gy nfhs;if Kd;Kaw;rpfs; NghJkhdsTf;F eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gltpy;iy. ,isQH Ntiytha;g;Gf;Fwpj;j fye;Jiuahly; fy;tpf;Fk;> ciog;ghsH re;ijf;F kpilahyhd ,,ilntsp, vd;Dk; vspikg;gLj;jpa fUj;Jf;Fk; mg;ghy; fy;tpj;JiwapYs;s gpur;rpidfisAk; mNjNghd;W njhopyhsH re;ij kl;Lg;ghLfisAk; Ma;Tnra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,isQHfs;> tpNrlkhff; Fiwthd fy;tpr; rhjidfSld; cs;NshH kw;Wk; ,yFtpy; ghjpg;Gwf;$ba r%fg; nghUshjhug; gpd;dzpfisf; nfhz;Nlhh; tof;fkhf tho;f;ifg; gzp Kd;Ndw;wk; kw;Wk; gapw;rp tha;g;Gfs; rk;ge;jkhf vJtpj ghJfhg;Gkw;w tpjpKiwaw;w JiwfspNyNa gzpahw;Wfpd;wdH.,isQH Ntiytha;g;G rk;ge;jkhd jPHkhdfukhd fhprid tplaq;fs; gpd;tUtdtw;iw cs;slf;Ffpd;wd.

njhlu;ghlYf;F

Gjpa

XII. ghlrhiyfspy;/gy;fiyf;fofq;fspy; NghjpasT gapw;rp;ngw;w njhopy;rhH ty;YdHfspD}lhf tho;f;ifg;gzp topfhl;ly; kw;Wk; fy;tprhH MNyhridfs;> rhj;jpats Ntiytoq;FeHfspd; jfty;fSld; jhgpf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,J ,staJ eghpd; MHtq;fs;> tYthd mk;rq;fs; kw;Wk; Mw;wy;fisf; fzpg;gPL nra;J tho;f;ifg;gzp tpUg;Gj;njhopy; rk;ge;jkhd fy;tp kw;Wk; gapw;rpj; njhpT Fwpj;J topfhl;Ltij cs;slf;FtjhFk; XIII. ghlrhiyapy; ,y;yhj tpNrlkhf ,iltpyfpa ,isQHfSf;F njhlHfy;tp rk;ge;jkhd Kiwrhu; fy;tp eltbf;iffis tYg;gLj;Jjy;. XIV. tpahghu Cf;Ftpj;jy

Nehf;fkw;w

jdpahu;Jiw

fy;tpia

6.2 jpwd;fs; mgptpUj;jpAk; tho;f;ifj; njhopw;gapw;rpAk jpwd;fs; mgptpUj;jpAk; tho;f;ifj; njhopw;gapw;rpAk;> xU tPr;rhd ghuk;gupakw;w Ntiytha;g;Gfis ehLk; ghhpa vz;zpf;ifapduhd ,isQHfspd; NjitfSf;F ,zf;fkhdjhf mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. Gjpjhfg; ghpzkpf;Fk; nghUshjhug; gpuNjrq;fspy; gy njhopy; tha;g;Gfs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. ,tw;Wf;F caHthd juj;jpyhd jpwd;fs; mgptpUj;jpAk; gapw;rpAk; mtrpag;gLfpd;wd. rkPgj;jpy; TVET Jiw ,yq;ifapy; Jhpjkhf tpahgpj;Js;s mNjNtisapy;

20

|

,yq;ifapd; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;if

6.3 ,isQH Ntiytha;g;G

I. gbj;j ,isQu;fs; jkJ jFjpf;F Fiwe;j Ntiyia nra;jy; II. fpuhk kl;lj;jpYk; ngz;fs; kj;jpapYk; mjpf Ntiyapd;ik III. Ntiyf;F Nru;j;Jf; ntspg;gil jd;ikapd;ik

nfhs;Sk;

eilKiwfspy;

IV. ,isQu; kj;jpapy; gy;NtWgl;l njhopy; Kaw;rpfs; cUthf;Ftjpy; ghuk;gupa r%f rpe;jidfs; nry;thf;F nrYj;Jjy;

V. gpuhe;jpaq;fSf;fpilapyhd njhopy; tha;g;G NtWghLfs; VI. Kiwrhuh nghUshjhuj;jpy; ,isQu; mjpfk; gq;nfLj;jhYk; mj;Jiwf;F mjpfsthd ghJfhg;gpd;ik> Fiwe;j gl;r Cjpa eilKiw fhzg;glhik nfhs;if ,ilaPL I. 2007 Mk; Mz;by; tFf;fg;gl;l ,isQu;fSf;fhd Njrpa Ntiytha;g;G nraw;jpl;lj;ij kPs;guprPyid nra;J cupa jpUj;jq;fSld; mKy;gLj;jy; II. mur> jdpahu; kw;Wk; mur rhu;gw;w Jiwfspy; Ntiytha;g;ig gy;tifg;gLj;jYk;> Ntiytha;g;G tiyaikg;G kw;Wk; gy;jug;gl;l Ntiytha;g;Gfs; njhlu;ghf ,isQUf;F tpopg;G+l;LjYk; III. Njrpa kl;lj;jpyhd mgptpUj;jp Ntiyfspy; Fwpg;ghf tWik xopg;G> kdpjts mgptpUj;jp> nghUshjhu mgptpUj;jp Nghd;wtw;wpy; ,isQu; rhu;ghd NtiyfisAk; fUj;jpy; nfhs;sy; IV. njhopy; epakq;fisAk; Kiwrhuh nghUshjhuj;jpy; <LgLNthupd; ghJfhg;igAk; cWjpnra;jy; V. mur Ntiytha;g;Gfspy; jpwikf;F Kf;fpakspf;Fk; eilKiwfis gpd;gw;Wjy; VI. Ntiytha;g;ig toq;Ftjpy; Vw;gLk; KiwNfLfis tprhupf;f cupa fl;likg;ig cUthf;FjYk;> nghJr; Nritfs; Mizf;FOtpd; jdpj;Jtj;ij NgzYk; VII. murhq;f njhopy; rk;ke;jkhd jfty;fs; kw;Wk; Kd;dwptpg;Gf;fis nfhLf;Fk; nghwpKiw xd;iw Vw;gLj;jy; VIII. Ranjhopy; Kaw;rpfis Cf;Ftpj;jYk;> tu;j;jf rk;Nksdq;fSld; njhlu;Gfis Vw;gLj;jYk; IX. ntspehl;L Ntiytha;g;ig ghlnewpfis mwpKfg;gLj;jy;

ngw;Wf;nfhs;Sk;

X. jdpahu; JiwapdUld; njhlu;ghly;fis Vw;gLj;jp> ,isQu; Ntiytha;g;Gf;F jilahf cs;s fhuzpfis ,dq;fhZjYk; Nky;khfhzk; Nghd;w Fwpg;gpl;l ,lq;fspy; kl;Lky;yhky; Vida ,lq;fspYk; jdpahu;Jiw Ntiythg;Gfis Cf;Ftpj;jYk; XI. njhopy; rk;ge;jkhd topfhl;ly;fis ,isQu;fSf;F toq;FjYk; cupa gapw;rpfis mtu;fs; njupTnra;a topfhl;LjYk; XII. Ranjhopy; Kaw;rpfSf;F Njitahd Kjy;> njhopEl;gk; kw;Wk; jfty;fs; vd;gd ,isQu;fSf;F fpilf;f topnra;jy; XIII. vy;yhj;JiwfspYk; Fiwe;jgl;r Ntjd Kiwia mKy;gLj;jy 6.4 FbapaYk; FbAhpikAk; rptpy; r%fj;jpy; ,isQH Atjpfspd; gq;Nfw;G Fiwe;J tUfpd;wJ my;yJ gy;NtW murpay; fl;rpfNshL neUf;fkhf ,izg;Gw;Ws;sJ. ,isQHfs; Atjpfs; fw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;Fk;> gy;NtW murpay; jj;JthHj;jq;fis Vw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F> Rje;jpuk; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mj;NjhL mtHfSf;F fl;rp murpaypy; rk;ge;jKwhky; rptpy;r%f Kd;Kaw;rpfspy; <LgLtjw;fhd tha;g;Gk; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mNdfkhd re;jHg;gq;fspy; mjpfhuj;jpYs;s kw;Wk; mjpfhuj;jpypy;yhj murpay; fl;rpfs; jk; tpUg;gk;Nghy; ,isQH> Atjpfis gad;gLj;Jfpd;wdH. murpay; epfo;r;rp epuy;fSld; ,isQH> Atjpfis mzpjpul;Ltjw;fhf rpy Ntisfspy; mur %ytsq;fs; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wd. ,yq;ifapYs;s mNdfkhd ,isQH ,af;fq;fs; murpay; fl;rpfSlDk; murpay; gpuKfHfSlDk;> ,ize;jpUg;gJk; ,isQHfspd; Rje;jpukhd Kd;Kaw;rpfs; kpfTk; Fiwthff; fhzg;gLtJk;

kpfTk; Jujp\;l trkhdjhFk;. ,isQH kj;jpapy; rptpy; r%fg; gq;Nfw;G ,y;yhjpUg;gJ r%f Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;j tplaq;fspy; mtHfspd; mf;fiwaPdk; kw;Wk; MHtk; ,d;ik vd;gtw;wpy; gpujpgypf;fpd;wJ. ,isQh;> Atjpfs; mjpfhpj;jtifapy; Vkhw;wk;> tpuf;jp nfhz;ltHfshfTk; murpay;> Fbapay; <LghL kw;Wk; rkhjhdkhd r%f epiykhw;wk; Fwpj;j rhj;jpaf;$W vd;gtw;wpy; ek;gpf;if ,oe;Jk; tUfpd;wdH. mtHfs; $Ljyhf jdpegH Fwp ,yf;Ffs; kPJk;> jdpg;gl;l Mirfs; rk;ge;jkhd Kaw;rpfspYk; ftdk; nrYj;jp tUfpd;wdH. jPHT fhzg;glNtz;ba jPHkhdfukhd gpur;rpidfs; gpd;tUkhW: I. rptpy; r%f Kd;Kaw;rpfspy; ,isQH> Atjpfs; gq;Nfw;gJ Fiwe;J tUjy; II. ,isQH ,af;fq;fspy; murpay;hPjpahd jiyaPLfs; III. Fbapay; kw;Wk; r%f <LghLfSf;fhd tha;g;Gfs; Fiwe;J tUjy; IV. ,isQh;> Atjpfs; kj;jpapy; Fbapay; kw;Wk; murpay; epWtdq;fs; rk;ge;jkhd tpRthrKk;> ek;gpf;ifAk; Fiwtiljy; V. jiyikj;Jtj;ijf; fl;bnaOg;GtJ fz;fhzpg;G nray;Kiw ,y;yhjpUj;jy;; VI. ghlrhiy ghltpjhdj;jpDs; Mf;ff;$W ,y;yhjpUj;jy

rk;ge;jkhd

Fbapay;

fy;tp

nfhs;if ,ilaPLfs I. ,isQH> AtjpfSf;fhd [dr%f Nritnahd;iw ];jhgpj;J> jd;dhHtj; njhz;Lg; gzpfis Kd;Ndw;Wjy; II. ,isQH kj;jpapy; kpfr;rpwg;ghd [dr%f Nritf;F mq;fPfhuk; toq;Fk; xU ntFkjp Kiwikia Vw;gLj;Jjy; III. RahjPdkhd ,isQH kPJ ftdk; nrYj;Jk; rptpy; r%f Kd;Kaw;rpfSf;F Cf;fkspj;J Kd;Ndw;Wjy; IV. ,sk; guhaj;jpdH ePjp Kiwikfis kPsha;T nra;J> epWtdq;fspy; xg;gilg;gjw;F gjpyhf Nkw;ghHitAld; $ba rdr%f Nritia cs;slf;Fk; tifapyhd jpUj;jq;fis Kd;itj;jy; V. midj;J Nju;jy; njhFjpfspYk; ,isQu;fSf;fhd Nfhl;lh Kiwia cWjpg;gLj;Jjy; VI. ,isQH FOf;fspd; elkhl;l Rje;jpuk; kw;Wk; xd;WNrHtjw;fhd Rje;jpuk; vd;gtw;iw cWjpg;gLj;Jk; eltbf;iffis vLj;jy; VII. rptpy; kw;Wk; murpay; chpikfs;> nghWg;Gfs; kw;Wk; flg;ghLfs; vd;gtw;wpy; ftdk; nrYj;Jk; ,isQH fz;fhzpg;G kw;Wk; ,isQh; jiyikj;Jt epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lq;fis Vw;gLj;Jjy; 6.5 ,isQH gzpj;;JiwapDs; thz;ikj;Jtj;ij Vw;gLj;Jjy jw;Nghija ,isQH gzp ,isQH> Atjpfspd; mgptpUj;jpj; NjitfSf;Ff; ftdk; nrYj;jhj NkypUe;J fPo;Nehf;fpr; nry;Yk; mZFKiwnad;W njhptpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. ,J xU gq;Nfw;G kw;Wk; mgptpUj;jp mZFKiwnahd;W ghpzkpg;gjw;Fj; jilahfTs;sJ. ,isQu; gzpia tUlk; KOtJk; ,lk;ngWk; gy;NtW jpl;lq;fspd; gpufhuk; ehL KOtJk; xNu rPuhd Kiwapy; elj;jpr;nry;Yk; gpujhd epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lq;fspd; epfo;T Kfhikj;Jtk; vd;Wk; miof;fyhk;. ,J fpuhkpa kl;lq;fspy; ,isQH cj;jpNahfj;jHfs; Gj;jhf;f Kiwapy; nrayhw;Wk; ,aYikia kl;Lg;gLj;Jfpd;wJ. nghJthfNt ,yq;ifapy; ,isQH gzpnad;gJ r%fg; gzpfs; my;yJ mwf;nfhil

,yq;ifapd; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;if |

21


Ntiyfspd; xU khw;W tbtkhfNt Nehf;fg;gLfpd;wNjad;wp mJnthU jdpr;rpwg;G tha;e;j njhopy;rhH tifg;gphpthf Nehf;fg;gLtjpy;iy. mNefkhd re;jHg;gq;fspy; ,isQH cj;jpNahfj;jHfs; Kuz;ghlhd ghj;jpuq;fis tfpf;FkhW Nfl;fg;gLfpd;wdH. ,r;re;jHg;gq;fspy; mtHfs; fpuhkpa kl;lq;fspy; murpay; mzpjpul;ly; Ntiyfspy; <Lgl;bUg;gij mtjhdpf;f KbAk;. ,J ,isQH cj;jpNahfj;jHfs; njhopy;rhH Nritfis toq;Ftjpy; vjpHNehf;Fk; rthy;fis tpsf;Ffpd;wJ. ,isQH Nritf;fhd Ml;NrHg;Gfs; rhjhuzjug; ghPl;irNghd;w mjpFiwthd fy;tpj;jifikfspd; mbg;gilapNyNa ,lk;ngWfpd;wd. ,isQH gzpahsHfSf;fhd njhopy;rhH fy;tp kw;Wk; gapw;rpf;fhd tha;g;GfSk; ,y;yhjepiyNa fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ,isQu;fSf;fhf r%fk;> rkak; kw;Wk; Vida epWtdq;fis rhu;e;j gq;fspg;gpid cWjp nra;tjw;F ,f;nfhs;ifAk; Kf;fpakhdjhFk;. ,j;jifa Muk;gk; ve;jtifapYk; ,isQu;fspd; njhopy;rhu; Kaw;rpfis Gwe;js;sptpl;ljhf ,Uf;ff;$lhJ. jPHkhdfukhd gpur;rpidfs; I. ,isQH gzp xU jdpr;rpwg;Gtha;e;j> njhopy;rhH tifg;gphpthf ,d;dKk; mq;fPfhpf;fg;gltpy;iy. II. ,isQH Nritfs; njhlHe;Jk; fPohd mZFKiwfisNa gpd;gw;Wfpd;wd

xU

III. jw;NghJs;s ,isQH NritapDs; hu tYT+l;ly; njhlHgpyhd gpur;rpidfSf;Ff; nrYj;jg;glhik IV. ,isQH gzpahsHfSf;fhd fy;tpf;fhd tha;g;Gfs; ,y;yhik

NkypUe;J mjpfftdk;

njhlHr;rpahd

V. ,isQh Nritfs; epHthfj;jpd; murpay;kakhf;fy; fhuzkhfg; gpuhe;jpa ,isQH FOf;fspilNa Xuq;fl;ly; czHT Vw;gl;Ls;sJ nfhs;if ,ilaPLfs; I. ,isQH gzpia xU jdpr;rpwg;Gkpf;f njhopy;rhH tifg;gphpthf mq;fPfhpj;jy; II. RahjPdkhd njhopy;rhH epGzHfshy; Kfhikj;Jtk; nra;ag;gLk; ,isQH gzpahsHfspd; njhopy;rhH mikg;nghd;iw epWTjy; III. ,isQH gzpf;fy;tpiaAk; gapw;rpiaAk; Cf;Ftpj;J Kd;Ndw;wp> XH ,isQH gzpahsuhf Ml;NrHg;G nra;ag;gLtjw;F ,isQH gzpf;fy;tpia xU Kd;dpge;jidahf;Fjy; IV. ,isQH gzp rk;ge;jkhd njhopy; juepakq;fis Vw;gLj;Jtjw;Fk; njhopy;rhh; jifik epiy mbg;gilapy; ,isQH gzpahsHfSf;F chpkq;fis toq;Ftjw;Fk; mtrpakhd eltbf;iffs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLjy; V. ,isQu; rk;ke;jkhf Ntiy nra;NthupilNa njhopy;thz;ik nghWg;Gf;$wy;> ntspg;gil jd;ik Nghd;w caupa juq;fis Cf;Ftpj;jy; 6.6 RfhjhuKk; ey;tho;Tk; S,yq;ifapd; ,ytr Rfhjhuf; nfhs;if mjd; Fbkf;fspd; Rfhjhu epiy Nkk;ghliltjpy; ghhpa Kd;Ndw;wq;fisf; nfhzHe;Js;sJ. ,Njtpjkhd mgptpUj;jp kl;lj;jpYs;s Vida ehLfSld; xg;gpLifapy; ,yq;ifapd; Rfhjhuf; Fwpfhl;bfs; Kd;Ndw;wfukhditahFk;. ,r;#oiktpDs;Sk;> ,yq;ifapy; $l;LwTj; njhlHG%yk; gytif Neha;fSf;fhd mjpfhpf;Fk; tifapyhd ,lHtuTf; fhuzpfs; epyTtjhYk;> ,yq;ifapy; Rfhjhuj;ijj; jPHkhdpf;Fk; r%fhPjpahd fhuzpfis tpsq;fpf;nfhs;tJk;>

22

|

,yq;ifapd; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;if

Rfhjhuk; kw;Wk; ey;tho;T rk;ge;jkhd gy;Jiw mZFKiwiaf; iff;nfhs;tJk; kpfTk; Kf;fpakhdjhFk; ,isQHfs;> Atjpfs; nghWg;Gtha;e;j tpUg;Gj;njhpTfis Nkw;nfhs;s cjTk; Mw;wiyAk;> mwpitAk; mtHfSf;F toq;FtJk; ,j;njhpTfisg; gpuNahfpf;f$ba tifapyhd MjuTr;#oiy cWjpnra;tJk; Kf;fpakhdjhFk;. ,yq;ifapy; ,isQH>Atjpfs; vjpHNehf;Fk; Kf;fpakhd Rfhjhug; gpur;rpidfs; gpd;tUtdtw;iw cs;slf;Ffpd;wd. I. ePhpopT> caH ,uj;j mOj;jk;> ,ja kw;Wk; FUjp rk;ge;jkhd tpahjpfs; Nghd;w $l;LwTj; njhlHG topfshy; guthj tpahjpfSf;fhd ,lHtuTf; fhuzpfs; mjpfhpj;jy; II. ghypay; kw;Wk; ,dg;ngUf;f Rfhjhuk;; rk;ge;jkhd jfty;fs; FiwthftpUg;gJk; ,isQH MjuT Nritfis ngw;Wf;nfhs;s KbahjpUg;gJk; III. ,isQH> Atjpfs; kj;jpapy; jw;nfhiy ,lHfs; mjpfhpj;jy;

Ra-jPq;F

kw;Wk;

IV. ,isQHfs; kj;jpapy; Nghijg; nghUs; J\;gpuNahfk; mjpfhpj;jy;

ukhd tplaq;fshfpa fy;tpiaAk;> Ntiytha;g;igAk; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tJtiuapYkhd mtHfspd; md;whl mDgtq;fspypUe;J vOtjhFk;. Xuq;fl;lYk; ghugl;rKk; ntWkNd taJ rk;ge;jkhf vOtjy;y> khwhf ghy;epiy> ,dj;Jtepiy murpay; njhlHgpizg;Gfs; Nghd;w nry;thf;Ff;Fiwthd r%fg; nghUshjhu gpd;dzpfisr; NrHe;j ,isQH> Atjpfis ghuJ}ukhfg; ghjpf;Fk; Vida fhuzpfspd; ,ize;j jhf;fq;fshy; Vw;gLk; tpisthFk;. ,it vspjhfj; jPHTf;fhzf;$ba gpur;rpidfs; my;y. khwhf> ,it ,yq;ifr; r%fj;jpy; epyTk; kpfTk; mbg;gilahd r%f> fyhrhu eilKiwfs; Fwpj;j tpkHrd hPjpahd rpe;jidia mtrpag;gLj;JgitahFk; ,it gpd;tUk; tplaq;fis cs;slf;Ffpd;wd. I. ,isQH> Atjpfspd; fyhrhuj;njhpTfis kl;Lg;gLj;Jk;> r%f hPjpapy; ,zq;fpr;nry;Yk; eilKiwfs; II. mNdfkhf rfy tbtq;fspYkhd r%f <Lghl;L epfo;Tfspy; murpay; rYifepiyfspy; $Ljyhfj; jq;fpapUj;jy; III.

nghJ epWtdq;fspd; RahjPdk; eyptiljy;

V. ,isQH AtjpfSf;F Nghjpa mstpyhd tpopg;GzHT kw;Wk; njhopy;rhH csts MNyhrid Nritfs; ,y;yhik

IV. rl;lj;ij eilKiwg;gLj;JNthH muR mjpfhhpj;Jtthjk; kw;Wk; ePjpj;Jiw vd;gtw;wpd; kPJ ,isQH> Atjpfspd; mjpfhpj;JtUk; ek;gpf;ifaPdk;

nfhs;if ,ilaPLfs;

V. ,dj;Jtk;> tHf;fk; kw;Wk; rhjp Kjypa fhuzpfisj; jOtpa Gwf;fzpg;G

I. ,staJ egHfspd; Rfhjhuk; rk;ge;jkhd Njrpaf; nfhs;ifiaAk; (2011)> tshpsk; gUtj;jpdhpd; Rfhjhuk; rk;ge;jkhd Njrpa cjtpj;jpl;lj;ijAk; eilKiwg;gLj;jy; (2013-2017) II. ,isQH MjuT fpl;LtijAk; mtw;wpd; cWjpnra;jy;

Rfhjhu epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fs; juj;ij Nkk;gLj;JtijAk;

III. ghlrhiy Rfhjhu epfo;rr ; pj; jpl;lq;fis kPsha;Tnra;J Nkk;gLj;JjYk;> ghlrhiykl;lj;jpy; Rfhjhuf;fy;tpia tp];jhpj;J tYg;gLj;JtJk;> gy;fiyf;fofq;fs;> njhopy;El;gf; fy;Y}hpfs; kw;Wk; tho;f;ifj; njhopy; gapw;rp epWtfq;fs; cs;spl;ltifapy; caHf;fy;tpj;Jiwf;Ff; nghUj;jkhdtifapy; ,r;Nritfisj; njhlHe;J toq;Fjy; IV. r%f jhgpj;jy;

kl;lj;jpy;

cstpay;

r%f

Nritfisj;

V. ,isQH> Atjpfspd; Rfhjhug; gpur;rpidfSf;F jPHTfhZk; tifapy; Rfhjhuj; njhopy;rhH epGzHfspd; Mw;wiyf;fl;bnaOg;Gjy; VI. ghypay; td;nray; kw;Wk; ,y;yj;jpy; J\;gpuNahfq;fspy; ghjpg;Gw;w ,isQH> AtjpfSf;F ghJfhg;G kw;Wk; MjuT Nritfis toq;Fjy; VII. tho;f;ifg; ghzpAld; njhlHGw;w tpahjpfs; rk;ge;jkhf ,isQH> Atjpfs; kj;jpapy; tpopg;GzHit mjpfhpg;gJk; cly; njhopw;ghLfs;> MNuhf;fpakhd tho;f;ifg; ghzpfs; kw;Wk; Cl;lk;rhH gof;ftof;fq;fis Cf;Ftpj;J Kd;Ndw;WtJk; VIII. ,lHtuT elj;ijfisj; jtpHf;Fk;tifapy; jPHkhdk; Nkw;nfhs;sy; kw;Wk; tpkHrdhPjpahd rpe;jid Fwpj;j tho;f;ifj; jpwd;fis Nkk;gLj;Jjy; 6.7 r%f hPjpapy; Gwe;js;SifAk; ghugl;rKk; ,yq;ifapy; ngUkstpyhd r%f Xuq;fl;lYk;> ghugl;rq;fSk; epyTtjhf ,isQH> Atjpfs; epidf;fpd;wdH. ,J ntWkNd ,isQH kj;jpapyhd jtwhd csg;ghq;FFwpj;j gpur;rpiday;y. khwhf cs;Suhl;rpr; rigfspy; xU Ntiyiag; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tJ Kjy; NkYk; ghuJ}

nfhs;if ,ilaPLfs; I. r%f ghugl;rk; rk;ge;jkhd tplaq;fis toq;Fk; Kjyhk;epiy kw;Wk; ,uz;lhk;; epiyf; fy;tp ghltpjhdq;fis kPsha;T nra;J mtw;iwj; jpUj;jpaikj;jy; II. Kf;fpaj; Jiwfspy; rktha;g;Gf; nfhs;iffis> tpNrlkhf Ntiyf;F Ml;NrHg;G nra;tjpy; rktha;g;Gf; nfhs;iffis mgptpUj;jp nra;J kPsha;T kw;Wk; eilKiwg;gLj;jYf;fhd Kiwikfisj; jhgpj;jy; III. xspT nghJj;Jiwapy; tYg;gLj;Jjy;

kiwtpd;ikiaAk; jfty;fs;

tifg;nghWg;igAk; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tijAk;

IV. ghugl;rk; kw;Wk; Xuq;fl;ly; rk;gtq;fSf;Fg; gjpy; eltbf;if Nkw;nfhs;sf;$ba XH ,isQH> tptfhu ghuhSkd;w MizahsH Kiwikia Vw;gLj;Jjy; V. FLk;g rdr%f kw;Wk; Njrpa kl;lq;fspy; mHj;jKs;s tifapy; gq;Nfw;gjw;F ,isQH> AtjpfSf;F tha;g;G trjpfis Vw;gLj;jpf;nfhLj;jy; VI. khw;WtYTs;s ,isQu;fs; re;ju;g;gq;fis ,dq;fz;L mjd;%yk; pyghirfis milar;nra;jy;

gad;ngwf;$ba mtu;fsJ mg-

VII. khw;Wj; jpwdhspfs; rk;ge;jkhf nghJf;nfhs;ifia GJg;gpj;J mjpy; khw;WtYTs;s ,isQu;fSk; gadilAk; gb nra;jy; 6.8 rkhjhdKk; ey;ypzf;fKk ,yq;if Aj;jj;Jf;Fg; gpe;jpa rfhg;jj;ijNehf;fp Kd;Ndwpr;nry;ifapy; r%f ,izTneUf;fj;jpd;kPJ ftdk; nrYj;JtJ Kf;fpakhdjhFk;. xU Njrj;ijr; NrHe;jtHfs; vd;Dk; czHitAk; njhlHGfs; rk;ge;jkhd czHitAk; mgptpUj;jpnra;tJ Kf;fpakhdjhFk;. ,isQH> Atjpfs; jkf;Fk; VidNahUf;Fk; kjpg;G kw;Wk; nfsutk; vd;Dk; fUg;nghUl;fspdbg;gilapyhd gfpug;gLk; tpOkpaq;fs; Fwpj;j xU Kiwikia cs;thq;fpf;nfhs;Sjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,isQH> Atjpfs; fle;jfhyk; Fwpj;Jf; fw;Wf;nfhs;tJk; jtWfis Vw;Wf;nfhs;tJk; Kd;NdWk; topfisj;

NjbawptJk; Kf;fpakhdjhFk;. ,isQHfs; VidNahiu kjpf;Fk; mNjNtisapy;> Fzkiljy; kw;Wk; ey;ypzf;fj;ij Nehf;fpr;nry;Yk; tifapy; topelj;jg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. ftdj;ijf;NfhUk; Kf;fpag; gpur;rpidfSs; gpd;tUtd cs;slq;Ffpd;wd. I. Njrpa ey;ypzf;fr; nrad;Kiwapy; ,isQu; jkJ fUj;ijf; $w Kbahik

rpWghd;ik

II. fle;j gy jrhg;jq;fshf ,lk;ngw;w rPHFiyTfs; fhuzkhf Aj;jj;jpdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l rdr%fq;fspDs; ,isQH> Atjpfs; mgptpUj;jpapy; gpd;jq;fpepw;wy; III. ,uhZtj;jpYs;s ,isQHfspy; Kuz;ghl;by; rk;ge;jKw;w ,isQH> Atjpfisg; gilfspypUe;J ePf;fp> rdr%fq;fspy; xd;wpizj;jy; rk;ge;jkhd gpur;rpidfs; IV. fy;tp epWtdq;fspy; jdpj;jdp nkhopg;gphpTfs; fhuzkhfTk;> Vida kl;Lg;ghLfs; fhuzkhfTk; NtWgl;l rdr%fq;fisr; NrHe;j ,isQH> Atjpfs; kj;jpapy; Clhl;lq;fSf;fhd tha;g;Gfs; FiwthftpUj;jy; V. r%fj;jpy; ,izTneUf;fj;jpw;fhd mHg;gzpg;GzHT ,y;yhik VI. Aj;jj;jhy; ghjpg;Gw;w rdr%fq;fspy; rptpypad; epHthfk; Fwpj;j ,ay;G epiyia kPl;nlLg;gjpy; jhkjq;fs; fhuzkhf ,isQH> Atjpfspd; elkhl;l Rje;jpuKk; Vida eltbf;iffSk; kl;Lg;gLj;jg;gl;lik nfhs;if ,ilaPLfs; I. fy;tpg; ghltpjhdj;jpy; rkhjhdf;fy;tpiaAk; r%f ,irT neUf;fj;ijAk; cs;slf;Fjy; II. Aj;jj;jhy; ghjpg;Gw;w gpuNjrq;fs; Vida gpuhe;jpaq;fSld; rkkhd Kd;Ndw;wk; fhZk; tifapy; mtw;Wf;F tpNrl ,isQH mgptpUj;jp Kd;Kaw;rpfs; eilKiwf;fplg;gl;L %ytsq;fSk; xJf;fpaspf;fg;gLjy; III. gy;NtW [dr%fq;fisr; NrHe;j ,isQH> AtjpfspilNa <LghL kw;Wk; Clhl;lq;fSf;fhd re;jHg;gq;fis tp];jhpj;jy; IV. ,isQH> Atjpfs; tpisahl;Lf;fs; kw;Wk; fyhrhu eltbf;iffS+lhf xUtNuhnlhUtH Clhl;lk; nra;aTk; njhlHghly; nra;aTk; cjTk; tha;g;Gfis Ma;Tnra;J mjpfhpj;jy; V. mur kw;Wk; jdpahH Jiwfspy; tpNrlkhf rl;lj;ij mKy;gLj;Jtjpy; Njrpa nkhopf;nfhs;if eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gLtij cWjpnra;jy; VI. ghy;epiy> nkhop> ,dj;Jtepiy kw;Wk; kjk; vd;git nghJthfTs;s fy;tp epiyaq;fis Cf;Ftpj;J Kd;Ndw;Wjy; 6.9 fiy> tpisahl;L> nghOJg;Nghf;F kw;Wk; fspahl;l nraw;ghLfs ,isQH> AtjpfSf;fhd fiyfs;> tpisahl;Lfs; Gj;JzHr;rp nghOJg;Nghf;Ffs; kw;Wk; Xa;TNeu tha;g;Gfs; rk;ge;jkhd re;jh;g;gq;fs; kw;Wk; %ytsq;fspy; gue;jstpyhd Vw;wj;jho;Tfs; cs;sd. mNjNtis kpfTk; caHthd Nghl;bj; jd;ikahd fy;tp Kiwik fhuzkhf gy ,isQh;> AtjpfSf;F ,e;j eltbf;iffspy; <LgLtjw;F Neuk; ,Ug;gjpy;iy. NtnwhU kl;lj;jpy; ,j;jifa eltbf;iffSk; kpfTk; caHthd Nghl;bj;jd;ik nfhz;L tpsq;Ftjhy; gq;Nfw;gpdhy; Vw;gLk; kfpo;r;rp ,y;yhJNgha;tpLfpd;wJ. ghlrhiy epHthfpfSk; MrphpaHfSk; ghlj;jpl;lj;jpw;F ntspthupahf eltbf;iffspy; ngw;NwhHfspd; caHkl;l nry;thf;Fj; jiyaPLfs; Fwpj;J mNdfkhd re;jHg;gq;fspy; Kiwg;ghL nra;fpd;wdH. ,f;fhuzpfs; ,isQH> Atjpfspd; MSik kw;Wk; gz;G mgptpUj;jpisg; ghjpf;fpd;wd.

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gfpHe;Jnfhs;Sjy;> ek;gpf;ifiaf; fl;bnaOg;Gjy;> jd;dk;gpf;if> Rakjpg;G> jahs Fzk; kw;Wk; jPh;f;fjhprdk; Nghd;w gz;Gfs; ,j;jifa eltbf;iffspD}lhfNt mgptpUj;jpAWfpd;wd. fyhrhu kw;Wk; r%f kl;Lg;ghLfs;> ,isQH jiyikapyhd tpUk;gj;jfhj nraw;ghLfSf;F ,l;Lr;nry;fpd;wd. ,jdhy; tuNtw;fg;glhj tsu;e;Njhupd; Nkw;ghu;it mtrpakhFk; epiy Vw;glyhk;. gpd;tUk; jPHkhdfukhd gpur;rpidfSf;F jPHT mtrpak;: I. fy;tp epWtdq;fspy; ghPl;irfs; kw;Wk; fy;tpapy; Kd;Ndw;wk; Fwpj;J msTf;FkPwp ,lk;ngWk; typAWj;jy;fs; Xa;TNeu nraw;ghLfspd; Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij cjhrPdk; nra;jy ; II. rhjidfs; Fwpj;j mstw;w typAWj;jy;fSk;> tpisahl;LfspYk; Xa;TNeur;nraw;ghLfspYk; ntw;wp Fwpj;j nghUj;jkw;w typAWj;jy;fSk; III. ,isQH> Atjpfs; tpisahl;Lf;fs; kw;Wk; Xa;TNeu eltbf;iffis Kd;Kaw;rpahf xOq;F nra;J elj;Jtjw;fhd tha;g;G ,y;yhik IV. fiyfs; tpisahl;Lf;fs; kw;Wk; Xa;TNeu eltbf;iffSf;fhd tha;g;Gfs; fpl;Ltjpy; fzprkhd gpuhe;jpa hPjpapyhd r%f- nghUshjhu Vw;wj;jho;Tfs; V. ,isQHfs;> Atjpfs; fiyfs; kw;Wk; tpisahl;Lf;fspy; tho;f;ifg; gzpfisj; njhlUtjw;F epWtdhPjpahd Mjutpd;ik nfhs;if ,ilaPLfs;S Strengthen state support and reward system for I. fiyfs; kw;Wk; tpisahl;Lf;fspy; gq;Nfw;gjw;F muR MjuT kw;Wk; ntFkjpfs; Kiwikia tYg;gLj;Jjy; II. ,isQH> AtjpfSf;fhd fiy kw;Wk; tpisahl;Lj; Jiwfis Cf;Ftpf;Fk; jdpahHJiwg; gq;Nfw;ig Cf;Ftpj;jy; III. ,isQH Gj;JzHr;rpg; nghOJNghf;F epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fspyhd midj;Jyf hPjpapyhd kpfr;rpwg;ghd eilKiwfis kPsha;T nra;J mtw;iwj; Njrpa #oiktpy; Vw;Wr; nraw;gLjy; IV. fy;tp epWtdq;fspy; ghlj;jpl;lj;jpF ntspthupahf eltbf;iffis tYg;gLj;jp Cf;Ftpj;J Kd;Ndw;Wjy; V. ntspepiyr; nraw;ghLfs;> tpisahl;Lf;fs; kw;Wk; rpU\;bj;jpwid Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;fhd tha;g;Gfs; Nghd;w gpuhe;jpa kw;Wk; cs;SH Gj;JzHr;rpg; nghOJg;Nghf;F tha;g;Gfis ,dq;fz;L Cf;Ftpj;J Kd;Ndw;Wjy; VI. fy;tp kw;Wk; Ntiytha;g;G trjpfis toq;Ftjpy; fiy kw;Wk; tpisahl;Lfspy; gq;Nfw;W ntFkjpaspj;jYf;F Kd;Dhpik toq;Fjy; VII. fy;tp kw;Wk; Ntiytha;g;Gfs; toq;Fk; re;ju;g;gq;fspy; fiyj;Jiw kw;Wk; tpisahl;Lfspy; jpwikia fhl;batu;fSf;F Kd;Dupik toq;Fjy; i.

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,yq;ifapd; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;if

Report of the Presidential Commission on Youth in 1990 , Youth surveys 2000 and ,yq; 2009ifapd; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;if | and Youth policy consultations. 7

25


mj;jpahak; 7

epWtdr; rl;lfk;> fz;fhzpg;G kw;Wk; kPsha;T Kiwik nfhs;ifia ntw;wpfukhf eilKiwg;gLj;Jtjw;F xU Kiwahd epWtfr; rl;lfnkhd;W Vw;gLj;jg;gLtJ Kf;fpakhdjhFk;. mNjNtis nghUj;jkhd khw;wq;fs; kw;Wk; rPuhf;fq;fis Nkw;nfhs;tjw;F nfhs;ifiaAk; mjd; jhf;fj;ijAk; kPsha;T nra;tjw;F nghwpKiwfs; ,Ug;gJk; jPHkhdfukhdjhFk;. ,f;nfhs;if Kd;Kaw;rpapd; tpjg;Giufs; gaDWjpAs;sitahf miktjw;F Njrpaf; nfhs;ifapy; $l;bizf;fg;gl;l ,isQh;> Atjpfs; kPJftdk; nrYj;Jk; mZFKiwnahd;W ,d;wpaikahjjhFk;. ,e;j mj;jpahak; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;ifia eilKiwg;gLj;jp fz;fhzpj;J kPsha;Tnra;Ak; cj;Njr epWtdg; nghwpKiwia vLj;Jiuf;fpd;wJ.

7.1 epWtdr; rl;lfk; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;ifapd; gy;Jiwf;ftdk; vd;gjd; fUj;J murpd; gy;NtW mq;fq;fSf;fpilapyhd $l;bizg;G Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;ifapd; ntw;wpf;F ,d;wpaikahj xU fhuzp vd;gjhFk;. $l;bizg;gpd; Kf;fpa ftdk; gpd;tUk; tplaq;fis cWjpnra;tjhf mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. • rfy Njrpaf; nfhs;iffSk;. jpl;lq;fSk; jpl;lkply; nray;Kiwap;y; ,isQh; mgptpUj;jpf; Nfhl;ghLfis xUq;fpizj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. • ,isQH> Atjpfisg; ghjpf;Fk; Njrpaf; nfhs;iffs; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;ifapd; Nfhl;ghLfs;> tpOkpaq;fs; kw;Wk; Fwpf;Nfhs;fSld; ,zf;fkhditahf mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,e;j mZFKiwia ,yFthf;Ftjw;F ,isQH tptfhu kw;Wk; jpwd;fs; mgptpUj;jp mikr;rpd;fPo; ,isQH mgptpUj;jp Mizf;FOnthd;W epWtg;gl Ntz;Lnkd;W MNyhrid Kd;itf;fg;gLfpd;wJ.

7.2 ,isQH mgptpUj;jpf;fhd [dhjpgjp Mizf;FO ,isQh; tptfhu kw;Wk; jpwd;fs; mgptpUj;jp mikr;rpypUe;J ,aq;Fk; ,isQH mgptpUj;jpr; nrayfk; xd;iw epWtp> ,isQH mgptpUj;jpf;fhd [dhjpgjp Mizf;FOtpd; gzpfs; $l;bizg;Gr; nra;ag;gl;L> ,yFgLj;jg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. >,isQH tptfhu kw;Wk; jpwd;fs; mgptpUj;jp mikr;R nrayhsH: gzpg;ghsu; ehafk; Njrpa ,isQu; Nritfs; kd;wj;jpd;

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,yq;ifapd; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;i7f

;reK fldñIka iNdfõ jd¾;dj 1990¦ ;reK iólaIK 2000 iy 2009 iy ;reK m%;sm;a;sh ms<sn|j woyia úuiSï.

,yq;ifapd; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;if |

27


mq;fj;jtHfs;:

1.

nrayhsH : fy;tp mikr;R

2.

nrayhsH : caH fy;tp mikr;R

3.

nrayhsH : Rfhjhu mikr;R

4.

nrayhsH : cs;Suhl;rp mikr;R

5.

nrayhsH : ePjp mikr;R

6.

nrayhsH : tpisahl;Lj;Jiw mikr;R

7.

nrayhsH : r%f Nritfs; mikr;R

8.

nrayhsH : Gdu;tho;T kw;Wk; rpiwr;rhiyfs;rPuikg;G mikr;R

9.

jiyikj; jtprhsH : tho;f;ifj; njhopw;gapw;rp Mizf;FOtpd; jtprhsH./ gzpg;ghsH ehafk;

10. jpiwNrhpapd; gpujpepjp 11. Njrpa kl;lj;jpyhd ,isQH mikg;GfspypUe;J (3) ,isQH gpujpepjpfs; (gy;NtW ,isQH. Atjpfs; gpujpepjpj;Jtk; ngWtij cWjpnra;Ak; tifapy; tUle;NjhWk; Row;rpKiwapy; nraw;gLk; gy;NtW ,isQH mikg;GfSf;F tha;g;G toq;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;.)

12. muR my;yhj ,isQH JiwapypUe;J %d;W gpujpepjpfs; (,tHfSf;Fk; tUle;NjhWk; Row;rpKiwapy; gy;NtW muR my;yhj ,isQH mikg;GfspypUe;J tha;g;G toq;fg;gl;L gue;jstpyhd gq;Nfw;ig cWjpnra;ayhk;.

13. Clfq;fspd; gpujpepjp xUtH 14. njhopy;rhH ,isQH gzp mikg;gpd;

• ,isQH Jiwapy; Muha;r;rpiaAk; mgptpUj;jpiaAk; Cf;Ftpj;J Kd;Ndw;Wjy;

7.3 ,isQH xk;Gl;];kd; ,yq;ifapd; #oiktpy; ,isQH rk;ge;jkhd Fwpj;Jiug;ghd murpay; kw;Wk; r%f tuyhw;Wf;F gpujptpisT fhz;gpf;Fk; tifapy; xU RahjPd ,isQH njhlHgpyhd ,isQH xk;Gl;];kd; epakpf;fg;glNtz;Lnkd;Dk; MNyhrid Kd;itf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. ,J ,isQH tptfhuq;fs ;rhHgpy; gug;Giu Nkw;nfhs;tjw;fhd xU RahjPd mikg;ghfr; nraw;gLk;. ,isQH rk;ge;jkhd ,isQH xk;Gl;];kdpd;; Kjdpiyg; nghWg;G ,isQH> AtjpfSf;F Nritfs; toq;fg;gLtjpy; Kiwg;ghLfisf; ifahStJk; ,isQH. Atjpfs; vjpHNehf;Fk; ghugl;rq;fs; Fwpj;J tprhuiz Nkw;nfhs;tJkhFk;. ,isQH rk;ge;jkhd ,isQH xk;Gl;];kd; mYtyfk; ,isQH> Atjpfs; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sf;$ba Nritfs; rk;ge;jkhd jfty;fisAk; mtHfspd; chpikfs; flg;ghLfs; Fwpj;j jfty;fisAk; toq;Fk;. ,jd; gzpia NkYk; ,yFgLj;Jk;tifapy; gpuhe;jpa kl;lj;jpyhd ,isQH rk;ge;jkhd xk;Gl;];kd;; mYtyfq;fs; jhgpf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;.

7.4 Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;ifia eilKiwg;gLj;jy; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;ifia eilKiwg;gLj;Jtjw;Fg; nghWg;Gtha;e;j gpujhd epWtdk; Njrpa ,isQH mgptpUj;jpr; nrayfj;jpD}lhfr; nraw;gLk; ,isQH tptfhu kw;Wk; jpwd;fs; mgptpUj;jp mikr;rhFk;. ,isQu; nfhs;ifahdJ fhyj;jpw;Nfw;g khw;wkile;J nry;Yk; r%f> murpay;> nghUshjhu kw;Wk; kf;fs; njhif khw;wq;fis gpujpgypf;Fk; tifapy; 5 Mz;LfSf;F xUKiw kPsha;T nra;ag;gl Ntz;Lk;.

mq;fj;jtH.

15. ,isQH gilazpapd; mq;fj;jtH. 16. jiytu; : jfty; njhlu;ghly; kw;Wk; njhopEl;g Kftu

Mizf;FOtpd; nghWg;Gfs; • Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;ifia fz;fhzpg;Gr; nra;jy; • fpukkhd ,ilntspfspy; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;ifapd; jhf;fq;fis RahjPdkhd Kiwapy; kjpg;gPLnra;J> mjd;gpufhuk; nfhs;ifiag; GJg;gpg;gij cWjpnra;jy; • Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;ifAld; ,zq;fpr; nry;tjw;fhd mur nfhs;ifia kPsha;T nra;J ,iaGs;s muR mq;fq;fspy; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;ifapd; Fwpf;Nfhs;fs; rk;ge;jkhd tpjg;;Giuapy; <LgLjy;

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,yq;ifapd; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;if |

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Sri LAnka National Youth Policy -E-Copy @2014

,yq;ifapd; Njrpa ,isQH nfhs;if

Sri Lanka National Youth Policy-Tamil  
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