Page 1

Towards a New (a)Political Landscape

Stef Bogaerds P5 /Jan. 28, 2014

A democratic decision-making model for spatial development in the Hoeksche Waard


E H T WE

E L P PEO

D THE N A E R U T

CITY

EC

RCHIT A , Y C A OCR

DEM

study guide 2013 Studio 2012 graduation

re and the

graduation

Studio ‘We th

chitectu mocracy, ar e PeoPle - de

city’

Page 1


Rotterdam

Dordrecht

Hoeksche Waard


Hoeksche Waard


Highway


Housing


Recreation


Energy


New Nature


Agriculture


Industries


How can people influence the decisions in their direct living environment?


Representative Democracy National government

Representatives

Province Zuid-Holland Representatives

Municipalities Representatives


National Government

Hoeksche Waard


High Urbanization Moderated Urbanization Amsterdam

Less Urbanization

The Hague

Rotterdam Dordrecht

Antwerp


National Landscapes (2006) Veluwe

Hoeksche Waard Green Heart


Polder Pattern


Relief of Creeks & Dikes


Openness


Civic Society


Support of the People

Polder Pattern

Openness

Relief Creeks & Dikes


What will be our spatial future ?

Civic Society

Designer

Politicians


This is our spatial future !

Structuurvisie (2009)


5 municipalities..


Partnership Hoeksche Waard (Samenwerkingsorgaan Hoeksche Waard)


VVD

*

Raad SOHW samenwerking

16 * 5 1

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0*

2* 1*

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50%

40%

Voting Behaviour Hoeksche Waard (2010)

20%

20%

30%

20%

50%

40%

30%

Political Reality!

20%

Wethouders Hoeksche Waard Totaal (2010) Wethouders Hoeksche Waard Totaal (2010) 10%

10%

VVD

10%

VVD PvdA

PvdA Local

Local CDA

CDA SGP

SGP D66

D66 Groen Links

Groen CU Links

CU

Gemeenteraad Hoeksche Waard Totaal (2010) Gemeenteraad Hoeksche Waard Totaal (2010) Zetelverdeling (totaal = 83 zetels) / aantal inwoners 84.675 (02-2012) Zetelverdeling (totaal = 83 zetels) / aantal inwoners 84.675 (02-2012)

Ra

10%

D66 D66 Wethouders Hoeksche Waard Totaal (2010) Wethouders Hoeksche Waard Totaal (2010) Wethouders Hoeksche Waard Totaal (2010)(2010) Wethouders Hoeksche Waard Totaal Wethouders Hoeksche Waard Totaal (2010) Lokaal SGP VVD VVD Wethouders Hoeksche Waard Totaal (2010) Wethouders Hoeksche Waard Totaal (2010) Lokaal SGP VVD VVD Wethouders Hoeksche Waard Totaal (2010) D66 Waard Lokaal Lokaal Wethouders Hoeksche Totaal (2010) D66 D66 D66 VVD PvdA Local CDA D66 Groen CU SGP CDAVVD CU D66 LokaalSGP Lokaal PvdA Local CDA D66 Groen CU Links D66 D66 CDA CU Links Gemeenteraad Hoeksche Waard Totaal (2010) CDA CDA Lokaal SGP Gemeenteraad Hoeksche Waard Totaal (2010) VVD VVD(02-2012) Lokaal SGP VVD VVD84.675 Zetelverdeling (totaal =CDA 83 zetels) / aantal inwoners LokaalLokaal SGP SGP VVD VVD CDA D66= 83 Zetelverdeling (totaal zetels)VVD / aantal inwoners 84.675 (02-2012) VVD Lokaal SGP D66 VVD VVD Lokaal SGP Lokaal SGP VVD VVD VVD VVD SGP SGP Lokaal Lokaal Lokaal Lokaal LokaalLokaal LokaalLokaal CDA CU SGP SGP Lokaal Lokaal CDACDA CU CU Lokaal SGP Lokaal VVD VVD CDA VVD VVD Lokaal Lokaal Lokaal Lokaal CDA CUSGP CU CDA CDA CU CU CDA CU CDA CU CDACDA CDACDA CDA CDA CU CU CDA CDA Lokaal Lokaal Lokaal Lokaal CDA CDA CDA CDA CDA CDA CU CU SGP D66 SGP SGPSGP SGPSGP D66 SGP SGP SGP SGP CDA CDA CDA CDA SGP SGP SGP SGP CU CUCU CU CUCU CU CU CUSGP CUSGP SGP SGP CU CU CU CU D66 D66D66 D66 D66 CU CUD66 CU CU D66

Raad Raad SOHW Raad S R Raad SO Raa Raad S 1

Raa Raad S

1 16 16

16 1615* 11 15* 16 16 1

12

12 12 12 16 161 12 12

8

8 8 8 12 12 8 8

4 4

4 8 4

4 8 4

VVD VVD 4 4 VVD G VVD Gemeent Gem

Z Gemee Zetelverd Zete Gem Zetelve VV Zete


1

The spatial future is undemocratically approved?


POWER Spatial Planning Since 2010..

Province Noord-Holland

Province Gelderland

Province Utrecht

Province Gelderland

Province Zuid-Holland

Hoeksche Waard

Province Zeeland

Province Noord-Brabant

Province Limburg


2 Province

Hoeksche Waard


Province Zuid-Holland

30x windturbines (2012)


We want to be more involved in the spatial development!


Conclusions

Municipal Level

Provincial Level

Social Level

â‚Ź

1

No and/or Façade Democracy

2

Non-Informed Democracy

3

NOT using the expertise and network of the Civic Society


Municipality Hoeksche Waard


DECENTRALIZATION more power to municipalities fusion municipalities


A NEW decentralized Netherlands


Full Power Spatial Planning to the municipalities!! Hoeksche Waard


Central contact point Spatial Initiatives Hoeksche Waard

nature

â‚Ź

Hoeksche Waard Duurzaam

en erg y

Ondernemings Vereniging HW

pr en eu rs

Erfgoedkoepel Hoeksche Waard

re

agr

e tur l u ic

en t

LTO Noord

his to ry

HW Landschap

cu ltu ral

I introduce a NEW system!

tourism

VVV Zuid-Holland Z.

Alderman Spatial Planning Municipality Hoeksche Waard


OLD Political System

National Government

PROVINCE Zuid - Holland

National Interests

Provincial Interests

WATERBOARD Samenwerkingsorgaan SOHW Cromstrijen Binnenmaas Oud-Beijerland â‚Ź

Municipal Interests

Strijen Korendijk

Civic Society

Citizens General Interest


NEW Political System

Municipality Hoeksche Waard Alderman Spatial Planning / Initiatives Agricultural Interests

Province

Provincial Interests National Interests

Recreational Interests

â‚Ź

Business Interests

General Interest

Nature Interests

â‚Ź

Financial Interests

Individual /Collective Interests

Energy Interests Cultural Interests

Citizens General Interest

National Government



How can a highway be beneficial for the Hoeksche Waard?


Port of Rotterdam

We need a better connection between the Port of Rotterdam and Antwerp.

ROTTERDAM

DORDRECHT

Hoeksche Waard

A17 A4

A16

Port of Antwerp

Melanie Schultz van Haegen (Minister Infrastructure and Environment)

ANTWERPEN


New Highway

Existing Highway


“Politicians choose how highways are constructed and that is how it must be!� Melanie Schultz van Haegen (Minister Infrastructure and Environment)

Source: Volkskrant, 31-05-2011 Kamer Akkoord Met Nieuwe Regels Aanleg Snelwegen


vs.

National

Hyper Local


Municipality Hoeksche Waard

The Hoeksche Waard can decide how the highway will be implemented!

Alderman Spatial Planning / Initiatives Agricultural Interests

Province

Provincial Interests National Interests

Recreational Interests

â‚Ź

Business Interests

General Interest

Nature Interests

â‚Ź

Financial Interests

Individual /Collective Interests

Energy Interests Cultural Interests

Citizens General Interest Melanie Schultz van Haegen (Minister Infrastructure and Environment)

National Government



Voting Tool

Option 1 The Panoramic Highway Option 2 The Hidden Highway Option 3 The Productive Highway


Voting Tool


Option 1: The Panoramic Highway New Icons..

Open Views..

I will pay this option!


Option 2: The Hidden Highway View doesn’t change..

Hoeksche Waard pay the extra costs!

Tunnel!


I like the option, but I don’t wanna pay for it, yooo!


Option 3: The Productive Highway


Strijen

Before


Strijen

After


Home

Why?

Plan

Projects

Participate!

Initiate!

Stef Bogaerds Legend New Additions NEW A4 Highway Industrial Area

Centraal Contactpunt voor Ruimtelijke Initiatieven Hoeksche Waard

Transformation Current Industrial Areas Housing Recreation

Projects

Nature Agriculture

Key Projects The Productive Highway Tour de Hoeksch Waard Energy Housing Recreation Industries

Agenda

The Productive Highway Construction of the new A4 highway (5KM), including 400 hectares of industrial area and 15 windturbines. See Project Initiator

Executives

National Government

Rijkswaterstaat

Ondernemers vereniging Hoeksche Waard

Energie Cooperatie Hoeksche Waard

â‚Ź 125.000.000 Public Private

Direct Democracy

16/02/2014 Highway debate @ CCvRIHW, Oud-Beijerland

Twitter


Municipality Hoeksche Waard Alderman Spatial Planning / Initiatives Agricultural Interests

Province

Provincial Interests National Interests

Recreational Interests

â‚Ź

Business Interests

General Interest

Nature Interests

â‚Ź

Financial Interests

Individual /Collective Interests

Energy Interests Cultural Interests

Citizens General Interest

National Government


Building

Water

Water Polder

Water Water Nature

Dike


95% of the Hoeksche Waard waterfront is not accessible by bike!

Pro-Active Citizens; “The entire waterfront of the Hoekschewaard should be accessible to cyclists.”


....Tour de Hoeksche Waard


Bike Lanes move on top of Dike or along waterfront. -

Buildings will be demolished or Bike Lanes placed around . -

If possible, Bike Lanes through Nature Areas Existing Cycle Lanes New Cycle Lanes

Bike Lanes moved to Dikes along the Water -

Or, Polders will be put under water -


Before

After


e i t i t e P

aard W e h c s Hoek

RONT F R E T LE WA B I S S ACCE .. ......... . . . . . . . . ... . : ......... m . . a . . . . . Na . .... aat s: l p n o Wo


Home

Plan

Why?

Projects

Participate!

Initiate!

Stef Bogaerds Legend New Additions NEW A4 Highway Industrial Area

Centraal Contactpunt voor Ruimtelijke Initiatieven Hoeksche Waard

Transformation Current Industrial Areas Housing Recreation

Projects

Nature Agriculture

Key Projects The Productive Highway Tour de Hoeksch Waard Energy Housing Recreation Industries

Tour de Hoeksche Waard Old Bike Lane near waterfront New Proposed Bike Lane

Tour de Hoeksche Waard Construction of bike lane all along the Hoeksche Waard Waterfront. See Project Initiator

Executives

Agenda 16/02/2014 Highway debate @ CCvRIHW, Oud-Beijerland

Twitter Tina

Rob

Ondernemers vereniging Hoeksche Waard

€ 2.000.000 Public Private

“With your income you will pay € 52,- each year”

Public Petition


y t i l a p i c ni

u M 1

What’s the role of the Muncipality

ks e o sH

l Goa

e ld b u o h s e sing h th Hou hed wit of the c mat osition p com lation u pop

3

ard a W che

ing t ain s u r -S Sel f shwate re in F

2

n ly o p p u vers ea s No o t rial ar s indu

4

in ing n i a st -Su y Sel f -Energ n Clea


Leenheerenpolder


Leenheerenpolder

Dorp Goudswaard

Leenheerenpolder


Korendi jkse Slikken

r e d l po

L

h n ee

n e r e e

Citizens

Sp ui

Goudsw aard

Hari ngvl ie t


Ecological Main Structure

Natural Flooding Area PROVINCE


PROVINCE

Ecological Main Structure

?

y t i l a p i unic Goa

aard he W eksc o H s

l

M 1

e ld b shou the sing h Hou hed wit of the tc n a m itio pos com lation u pop

3

ing s tain r -Su Self shwate re in F

2

n ly o upp s a vers No o trial are s indu

4

in ing s tain -Su y Self -Energ n a Cle

MUNICIPALITY

INHABITANTS


New Economy

ons ons

ment /

rogram is rm (nature, € ply, drinking ng, industry) Existing e area. The Economy ollect fresh RESULT ailable in ent for Reduce water competition

RESULT

WHY • •

HOW

limiting necessity toward • water outside the HW Collaboration farmers, waterboards and governments

Closed watersystem

RESULT •

Reduce water competition

?


Municipality Hoeksche Waard Alderman Spatial Planning / Initiatives Agricultural Interests

Province

Provincial Interests National Interests

Recreational Interests

â‚Ź

Business Interests

General Interest

Nature Interests

PROVINCE

â‚Ź

Financial Interests

Individual /Collective Interests

Energy Interests Cultural Interests

Citizens

?

MUNICIPALITY

INHABITANTS

General Interest

National Government


Decision-Making ?

€ € € €


Village / Goudswaard

Hoeksche Waard

Self-Sufficient Residential Area

Eco logical Campsite

â‚Ź Nature Area

(Social) Care/ Educational Farm

Water Storage


Water Storage/ Nature

Recreational Housing Care Farm Campsite


The Multi-Polder


? VOTE!

DIRECT DEMOCRACY

Central contact point Spatial Initiatives Hoeksche Waard tourism

VVV Zuid-Holland Z. nature

â‚Ź

Hoeksche Waard Duurzaam

pr en eu rs

en erg y

Ondernemings Vereniging HW

re

Erfgoedkoepel Hoeksche Waard

re ltu icu

en t

agr

cu ltu ral

LTO Noord

his to ry

HW Landschap

Alderman Spatial Planning

COLLABORATION

Municipality Hoeksche Waard

ASSOCIATIVE DEMOCRACY

PETITION

GRASSROOT DEMOCRACY


Towards a New (a)Political Landscape

Stef Bogaerds P5 /Jan. 28, 2014

A democratic decision-making model for spatial development in the Hoeksche Waard

Profile for Design as Politics

Towards a New (a)Political Landscape  

Graduation Presentation Stef Bogaerds Mentor team: Wouter Vanstiphout and Rene van der Velde. Date of Graduation 28-01-2014

Towards a New (a)Political Landscape  

Graduation Presentation Stef Bogaerds Mentor team: Wouter Vanstiphout and Rene van der Velde. Date of Graduation 28-01-2014

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